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Western Clarion Jun 3, 1911

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 NO. 634.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, June 3, 1911.
»n ti.cn |.Uon price
raa lui
Sl.Ot
The Liquor Question
Political, Moral and Economic Phases.   The Prohibition
Movement.
An Address Delivered by J. B. Osborne
in the Barton Opera House, Fresno,
Cal., April 7th, 1909, In Joint Debate
With the Hon. Eugene Chapin, Presidential Candidate for the Prohibition Party.
In any society, that movement which
succeeds in prolonging its existence
for any considerable length of time,
must have an economic basis.
When we look over the pages of history we flnd that every great moral
crisis has always been preceded by a
change of economic conditions.
The Reformation, led In Germany by
Martin Luther, and in England by Calvin, known in history as a great moral
wave, did not.take place until feudal
society had begun to decay and the
trading and manufacturing class was
well advanced In the process of its
development. In the United States
the "Antl-81avery" agitation before the
Civil War assumed the role of a great
moral movement; preceding this movement, however, there had arisen an
economic problem.
In the Northern states slave labor
had been practically eliminated. Commerce and manufacturing had been
developed with wage labor as its basis.
The slave states had complete possession of the general government. Manufacturing, steam and machine production could not have sufficient protection or be fully developed with the
government in the hands of an agrarian, slave-owning class. It was this
economic struggle of the manufacturing and trading interests that made
possible the Anti-Slavery movement
and gave to It all Its humanitarian and
moral coloring.
In San Francisco has been going on
the "Graft Prosecution."   Similar pros-1
and in some cases- actually put into
practice, in regard to the Sunday closing; the churches insisting that saloons should close on Sunday during
church hours, evidently with the idea
that if the people had no place else
to go, they might go to church. In
other words the church says to the
saloon, "You have the people spending money with you six days out of
the week, give us a chance to get at
them on Sunday."
For years ministers have been complaining that the people have been
falling away from the church. Parks,
theatres, public concerts, sports of all
kinds, and the saloon with its free
reading room, free music halls, free
lunch counters, and in some instances
free lodgings for the penniless man,
apparently offer better attractions
than the church. In the light of modern science, theology is practically
dead. The church therefore finds itself compelled to struggle for its existence; especially for revenue with
which to maintain itself, and therefore "the saloon must go," ln the hope
that a large part of the money expended in the saloons will find its way
into the coffers ot the church.
The consideration of this question
at once brings up the question of the
power of the State over private property and the limitations of the State
ln controlling the desires or regulating, the thought of the Individual.
My worthy opponent, Mr. Chapin,
has used forty minutes of his time in
a discourse of the dread disease of
tuberculosis, and concludes with the
statement that the government has
power to wipe out this disease, as It
also has the power to wipe out the
terrible disease of alcoholism. The
passing of a law by Congress, or by
any State, to the effect that on and
done ln France under the direction of
Premier Clemenceau.
The action of the French government in this Instance, however, did
not reduce the amount of religion in
France; on the contrary It had the
effect of making the lukewarm churchman more active and zealous In the
church's cause.
Under laws prohibiting the liquor
business we flnd the same result. In
the State of Maine, the oldest prohibition State in the Union, we flnd more
arrests for drunkenness, in proportion
to the population, than in any State
where we have the licensed saloon.
All Christian nations have for centuries accepted the prohibitory laws of
the ten commandments such as "Thou
shalt hot kill," and yet it is these
same Christian nations that have the
largest armies and navies, and that
have been doing nearly all the killing
for thousands of years; likewise "Thou
shalt not steal," while today the most
respected citizens of every Christian
nation in the world are, at the same
time, the world's biggest robbers.
The power ot government is limited
when it comes to controlling or regulating the thought of the Individual,
nor ls it the province of government
to say when, where, or what, citizens
should eat, drink, or wear. The wisest
government' would promote conditions
under which the people would have
plenty to eat, plenty to drink, plenty to
wear and good houses to live in. What
he should eat and drink as well as the
amount and kind, or the color of the
clothes he should wear, should be the
function of the individual.
THE  PLUGS.
(Continued on Page 4)
The working mutts, for many a day J
have laid the steel and forked the hay; i
gone down ln mine and "glory hole,"
and banged the drill and dug the coal;
have mostly lived on pork and beans;
worn overalls and slop-made jeans,
and, barring an occasional riot, they
have been humble, good and quiet.
The bosses, on the other hand, don't
condescend to till the land. They
do not work or toil at all, but simply
live upon the "gall," and stuff their
ugly, useless hides with what the
working mutt provides. They smoke
the black and fine cigar, they'travel
off to lands afar; thelr's is a life of
ease and leisure, "glad rags" and
Mumm and "games of pleasure."
Now, let it be remarked that I am
not a "highly moral" guy; I blame not
any class or man, that for themselves
get all they can; so long as the fool
working stiffs are well content to take
the biffs—receive the whacks and
smacks and cracks, where the spring
chicken gets the axe—why, then, of
course, I do not blame tile boss, who
hands them out the same.
But, some day—or so, I surmise—
the horny-handed will get wise, will
use his brains and come to see that
It is he, and only he; the "common
one" whom goods produce that in the
world Is any use. The writer of this
humble rhyme is longing for the gladsome time when every parasite and
"plute" will get the large and heavy
boot; will have to leave their hordes
of loot and, with the toller in pursuit,
to save their hides will, one and all,
burn trail to reach the timbers tall.—
HIBERNICUS.
Cape Breton Campaign
Manifesto to the Workers, Setting forth the Socialist:
Position
TO SUM UP
We who are studying the problem of I him an abundance of the good tilings
the farmer's position under capitalism, I of life.      What we have to point out
, , , , ,      i after the first day of January next,
ecutions  have  taken   place   In  other L. ,   „  ,      • ,. t    - ,   .
_    ,      , .. . ,~    there  shall  be no  more  tuberculosis,
parts of the country.    A prosecution
that makes strong appeal to the civic
virtues of the community. Leagues of
Justice are formed and a great wave
of civic morality sweeps over the city.
If, however, we analyze this "Graft
Prosecution" more closely, we flnd
underlying the moral wave, is an economic consideration. The great reformers and moralists who paid the bills
of the "Graft Prosecution" were the
unsuccessful rivals and competitors
for the privilege and pelf of the very
men they prosecute.
We have today In California and
throughout the country another great
moral movement, which has given
birth to such organizations as the
Anti-Saloon League and the Prohibition party. To properly understand
and interpret these movements we
must discover their economic basis;
which as a matter of fact, is a contest
for revenue between the evangelical
churches and the saloon, as admitted
by the Rev. Mr. Bristol, district superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League,
ln a public address delivered by him
In Sacramento, June 2.0th, 1909. This
Is further Illustrated by certain compromises which have been proposed
ANNUALPICNIC
A Socialist Party Picnic
Wlfl fee Held at
WHITE ROCK
Jone  ii, i9ii
Special train will leave
Great Northern Depot
at 9:00 a.m.
A Big Programme of Sports has
been arranged, with suitable list
of prizes.
Tickets on sale at following places:
Empress Theatre, Sunday evenings.
Perry's Tailor Shop, 834 Pender W.
Clarion Office, 1579 Homer-Richards
Lane.
Adtflti $1.25; Children 60c
would not have the slightest effect
upon that disease. Should the government desire to do something ef-
fe tual to prevent the spreading of
this disease it can do so, only by removing the causes which produce it.
The general improvement of the conditions under which millions of our
people live; plenty of pure air; better
ventilation of the workshop, mill and
mine; better sanitation; better housing; a sufficiency of good food and
clothing, would do more to reduce the
disease of tuberculosis than all the
prohibitory laws that could ever be
passed. So also, the disease of alcoholism can not be abolished by prohibitory legislation but only by removing the causes which produce It. Sometimes a lack ot self-control results in
drunkenness, but ln most cases it is a
desire to forget poverty and misery
through the medium of liquor,
The abolition of poverty and better
education for the masses, are the only
remedies for the disease of alcoholism.
Alcoholism, however, ls not as prevalent as Mr. Chapin or the usual advocate of prohibition would have you
believe. United States reports for
1900 show the average number of
deaths attributed to alcoholism to be
only 2,811; from scalds and burns,
6,772; from drowning, 5,387; from poison, 3,390; from suicide, 5,498; while
killed and maimed on railroads we
have a total of about 18,000.
Certainly no one would advocate the
prohibition of water because 5,000 people annually get drowned; nor the
abolition of the railroads because
18,000 people are killed and maimed
annually.
Thousands of workingmen lose their
HveB every year ln the coal and lead
mines, but no efforts are made by the
prohibitionists to secure proper ventilation and inspection of the mines
or safety appliances for the railroads.
That the State has power to prohibit
or abolish the legalized sale of liquor
no intelligent person will deny. The
State has power also to abolish the
church and transform Its property
Into State property as was recently
have reason to welcome the clear, penetrating and thoughtful examination
of that position by H. F. Smith in the
"Clarion" of May 13th.
May we not assume correctly that
the farmer, in the mass, is in the same
position under capitalism as the rest
of the proletarian army; that the ultimate value of his product as a commodity is determined, like that of all
other commodities, by the coBt of production, in the main by average socially necessary labor time, but that
the farmer, like other proletarians, has
to part with it at the price of hiB labor-power, cost of subsistence, owing
to the same cause, the competition of
all proletarian producers ln a society
where class- ownership of the means
of production prevails.
Where farming is prosperous or affords better opportunities than wage-
earning, the proletarian army quickly
overflows into it. Where and when
prosperity recedes, part of the overflow falls back into the wage-earning
class. The great majority of farmers
if they were not in that calling, would
be wage-earners. The farmer, as
Smith points out, is compelled to sell
his product on the basis of his wages
of subsistence, and he produces a surplus-value which Anally and Inevitably
reaches the pockets of the capitalist
class, in some form or other, at some
stage or other of production, or ultimately in reducing the general cost of
living of the proletarian army for
the benefit of the master-class.
The farmer cannot get the full val-.
ue of his product -under capitalism any
more than the wage-laborer, and what
both get adjusts itself to their cost of
living. How far the value of the farm
product corresponds 'with Its price
as a commodity at the different stages
of production, is a question that will
probably never be determined.
We know, however, that, when Capitalism is superseded by the next stage
of social and industrial evolution,
which will be a community of producers on a basis of collective ownership
of the means of production, then each
worker in production will get the full
value of his product and, ln the general Interchange of products for use Instead of for profit, that which the farmer will be able to produce, with far
less toil than at present, will bring
to the farmer is chiefly that, as long
as class ownership and mastery prevails, the mass of the peoples must be
a hungry, ravening proletariat who, in
the struggle for existence, must compete each other into the lowest possible scale of living,-with insecurity
and anxiety as their daily lot. We
have to tell him that this is a worldwide problem and that he has to compete with a world-wide proletariat;
that just as fast as farm production
ls cheapened, or the product increased,
or its market price temporarily raised,
the pressure of the struggling world-
proletariat will increase competition
and prices will come down again. He
can put up no barriers that will protect him from the competition of his
fellow Blaves; he must stand or fall
with them and learn to see in capitalism the common enemy.
It is no use jeering at the farmer for
being primitive and antiquated in his
methods. The average Canadian
farmer is probably as well equipped—
perhaps with more advantages—as the
average farmer the world over. Moreover, if he thinks it is all a matter ot
equ'pment, he has an incentive to persevere under capitalism. Better tell
him straight that modern equipment
will not save his class.
Smith says that the farmer is to all
practical purposes a wage-slave because he Is in competition with wage-
slaves. That is the determining factor
of his position. When the day comes
that members of the proletariat shall
find it impossible to take up land and
enter Into farming, by that time the
farmer will be in competition with
agriculture under the control and
management of large capital. He is
between the devil and the deep sea,
and the sooner he joins in helping tbe
deep sea (of the workers), to submerge
the devil of capitalism the better for
him.
R. G. GREY.
WESTMINSTER   NOTICE.
A special meeting of Local New
Westminster has been called for Monday, June 5th, to consider the question
of contesting that district in the coming general election. All paid-up members are urgently requested to .attend.
For the first time in the history of
our Province the Workingmen of Cape
Breton are to be given an opportunity
to vote tor a representative of the
revolutionary working-class. What
are you going to do about it Fellow-
Worker?- -
The Socialist Party of Cape Breton
have nominated Comrade Alex McKinnon to carry the standard of revolt
In the coming election, upon the only
vital and real issue before the workers of this country as well as the
whole working class of the world, vis.:
"Socialism versus Capitalism.'*
In this Manifesto Is analyzed the
capitalist system, it's construction and
tendencies shown, and we appeal to
every worker to read lt and get an intelligent grasp of the principles of our
movement
We ask, can you be Industrially free
while all industries are owned aad
controlled by another class? Can yoa
have the "right to work" without the
tools with which you labor and without access to the natural resources?
Which do you desire to be, a free man
or a slave dependent upon the will of
a master?
The term "slave" is resented by
some workers. We maintain that capitalism enslaves and degrades the
working class; that this condition Is
bound to exist as long as Capitalism
exists; and that the freedom of the
workers from wage-slavery and, Its
consequent degradation must and will
l;e achieved by the working-class them
selves.
Hear the call or freedom from the
many millions of your comrades in the j
International Socialist Movement
"Workers of the world unite, you hav»
nothing to lose but your chains, you
have a world to gain."
We claim that capitalism has ac.im-
plished it's mission viz.:—the development of Industry; that its continncd
existence means more misery and degradation for the workers and the
holding in check of the future progress
of the world.
The Socialist Party appeals to the
workers of the country tb unite in a
solid political party' and by political
action take possession of the government, abolish the capitalist system
with Its interests, rents and profits
and establish a Co-operative Commonwealth In which the whole means of
production shall become the collective or common property of all the people, each person having full and free
access to them and receive in return
the full social value of the product
of his labor.
We hold that there ls no compromise possible. Nothing short of the
program of the International Socialist Party will suffice.
Capitalism ls based upon the exploitation of the workers by capitalists
On the one hand there Is a class
which owns and controls industry and
although relatively !ew ln number?,
by meanB of this ownership Is tho ruling class. Opposed to this owning
class stand the wage workera—the
proletariat or propertyless class. In
our society of today each of these
classes is necessary to the other, the
capitalists must have workers to nm
the industries, the wage workera must
find employers to whom they sell
labor power since they have nothing
else to sell.
What the workers sell Is their
muscles and brain power, their very
life forces, In short themselves. This
is sold by the day or by the hour as
the case may be. Like any other
commodity it becomes the property of
the one who buys it, and its value is
determined by the cost of Its production, or in other words by what will
enable the workers to live, work and
bring up children to take their places
when they themselves are worn out.
Out of this expenditure of the labor
power of the workers the capitalists
realize a greater value than its cost
This Is "Surplus Value" the source
from which all capitalist revenues—
profits, rents and Interests—are derived.
It is of no benefit to the workera .
that the great development of modern
machinery has increased their productive power to an enormous extent.
They get a mere subsistence so long
as they are needed to produce wealth;
no longer. Unless the immense quantities of commodities they produce-
tor the masters are readily disposed of
by the latter on the market, the work-
era are forced Into idleness and unemployment, subjected to hunger and
want because they have produced too-
much wealth.
The sole aim of capitalist Industry
Is the making of profits.   So long a*
profits can be realised from their tabor, the workers are employed.   Tea-
increase profits "labor saving" mac!
inery ia Introduced because cheap*
than the human machine.   The latac
of women and children is substitute:
for that of men when lt can be proffi
ably done. When the workers arrive t._
an age when they can no longer keep
np the required pace, they are thrown-
upon the human scrap heap to make-
room for those who are younger and I
standpoint  of   capitalism,   the   only
justification  for,  and  the  sole aim.
of the existence of the workers isv-
the   production   of   profits   for   the*
possessed of more energy.   From the.*-
capitalists.    Capitalism  converts the-
lifetime of the   worker   into   "labor
time" and reduces htm to a mere appendage of a machine.
Industrial machinery has reached a
high degree of development so that
it is no longer possible to employ ali
the workerB.   The periodic conditions'.
jof "overproduction, industrial depression and unemployment" that cliaracC-
terized the earlier stages of capitalist* '
development has now   become chronic
in all highly developed countries. The
problem of the unemployed is heavily
pressing   for   a   solution   upon   every
capitalist  nation.    Foreign   countries
that in the past afforded markets for
the surplus products of the   'civilized"
world have now  become competitors
on  the world  market.    The struggle,
for the remaining markets is becoming keener, forcing the nations to Increase the Navies and Armies at. a tremendous rate, each struggling to main*
tain  what  it  already   possesses  and I
watching an opportunity to wrest terri-'-
tory from others.
The increasing numbers of the ur'
employed, competing with their fello
workers on the labor market Ib contt
ually reducing the rate of wages ac
lowering the standard of living of the
clasB to the point of a bare physics,
subsistence.     This   reduction   In   the
consuming power of the working ctaaKi
reacts upon tho market causing less-
production, which in Its turn produces,
more unemployment.
It is very clear that  the forceB at
work within the capitalist system aro
fast bringing about Ub dissolution. The
"productive forces"  which  it has set
in operation have already got beyond
It's control.    It cannot dispose of all
the commodities that it's wage-Blaves
produce because lt cannot find market*
for them,   lt can no longer employ all
IU working class hence It's problem i
of unemployed.   The great   army   of
proletariat, whom lt robs of the product of their labor through the process of production, ls revolting againsf
this robbery and is fast organizing to
overthrow capitalism and bring in a
system of collective and social owner
ship of all the means of life by tb
working class.
To bring this change about Is tli
mission of the Socialist Movement. N
mere reform can effect this.    Ther
must be a revolution.    What do  we
mean by a "revolution"?    We mean
that tho proletariat must become the
politically dominant class and use this
power to take over the ownership and
control of all capitalist industries. This
will mean tho end of wage slavery and
of the capitalist system.
We again appeal to all workers regardless of any distinctions of race,
creed or color to join this great movement and Uke an active part in their
own emancipation. Two
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER. BRlTISh C^UMBIA
SATURDAY, JUNE 3rd, 1911.
1
Published every Saturday fcy the
iMlalist Party of Canada, at the Office
•f the Western Clarion, Flack Block
Basement, 165 Hastings Street, Yancou-
w, B. c.
\fOST  OPriCE   ADDRESS,   BOX  1688.
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THE   WESTERN   CLABIOH.
Box 1688 Vancouver,
635
Watch the label on your paper. If this number ts on lt,
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next issue.
SATURDAY, JUNE 3rd, 1911.
CAPITALISTS AND SOCIALISTS.
We are ln receipt of the following
enquiry:
"Will you please define for me a
'Capitalist.' Some class-conscious Socialists say that we should be at enmity with all owners of capital. Others
tell me that-small capitalists such aB
shop keepers, etc., are not real ones.
If the flrst statement is correct it infers that all socialists must be wage
slaves, and if the shuttlecock of present conditions may throw any into the
position ot Bmall capitalists they
ceas.e to be socialists. If the second
statement is correct where can you
differentiate?"
A capitalist, shortly is an owner of
capital, and capital is means of wealth
production used to exploit labor.   Not
all titular owners of capital are, however, necessarily capitalists.   In fact,
in probably moat cases at this stage
of the game, the majority of the apparent owners of small capitalist concerns are capitalists   in   appearance
only. They exploit labor in their workshops, factories or what not, but are
compelled by their position to pass on
lie proceeds of the exploitation, the
roflts, to the "men higher up."   This
ley may do in rent, interest or mort-
ages, on current loans, on machinery
otes, on credit purchases of raw ma-
*rial, etc.   So much so that there remains to themselves for their labors
a mere wage,   or",   not   infrequently,
even less than the wage they can command in the market.   These cannot be
looked upon as other than agents and
overseers on a sort of commission basis; owners in name only; the ownership being vested in those "men higher
up."   For the true test of capitalist
ownership is the command of the proceeds of exploitation.
However, we cannot see any foundation in fact for the opinion that these
pSeudo-capitalists, or even real capitalists cannot be Socialists. There may
be some foundation for it in Logic, but
Logic, as we have before remarked, is
altogether too unreliable for serious
consideration. Anyway, there is Frederick Engels for one, to disprove it. A
capitalist and a Socialist.
On the other hand, it is to be admitted that a capitalist-socialist, while
not impossible, is somewhat improbable and generally undesirable, with
notable exceptions. To our mind it is
< easier for a big capitalist to become a
thorough Socialist than for a little one
■or a psuedo-capitalist. The two latter
occupy a somewhat precarious, hermaphrodite position on the misty and
ill-defined borderland between the exploiting class and the exploited class.
Hence the class struggle Is generally
a difficult proposition for them to
grasp. To the exploiters and the exploited it is easier. Reform, of one
variety or another, has generally a
more direct appeal to this "middle
olass," owing again, to their position.
Moreover, they labor under the additional disadvantage of having a fairly
good opinion of themselves, and consequently, when one of them does adopt the Socialist creed, he usually
comes as a teacher to the workers,
who, ln reality, are very much more
advantageously situated to understand
Socialism owing to their economic position. Despite all these disabilities,
nevertheless, some of them do become
first class fighting reds, but they are
few and far between.
As for the true capitalists, while lt
36ms to us that an understanding of
ie class struggle should be compara-
vely eaBy to them owing to their
learly defined class position, they are
ot generally under stress of an economic pressure of such a character as
to force the clasB struggle upon tbelr
attention, and their more or less active participation In tho comtcodlty
struggle as buyers of labor-power
would tend to confuse it. Thoso of them
who would grasp itr .ignificance would
ln  the  majority  of  cases  naturally
range themselves on the side ot the and preservation of the community's
class to which they belong.   The est- peace are carried on.   It also supplies
ceptlons who turn against. their own
class do so, probably, on purely sentimental grounds, possibly, in very exceptional cases, through a far-sighted
perception that Socialism ls inevitable,
and, while bad for them as capitalists
would be to their advantage as individuals. That ivhlle lt would strip
them of their power and property, it
would provide for their material welfare as well as capitalism in return
for no great effort; at the same time
it would relieve their lives of much
that is sordid and distressing.
THE  GENERAL   STRIKE.
The possibility of a general strike is
looming up in Vancouver. It is probably the only thing that the workers
can do under the circumstances. The
choice lies between one more or less
decisive battle and a prolonged guerilla war. If we had the choosing we
are not sure but what we too would
choose the former.
For other reaBons also we would
not be displeased to see the general
strike tried here. It is the culmination of unionism and useful as a demonstration of the hopelessness of
the Btruggle ln the industrial field. The
simplest strike Ib that against one employer by his slaves. Then the strike
against all the employers in a particular field brlhdustry. And last, tile
strike against employers generally. A
battle between the joined forces of the
employers and those of the workers.
The buyers of labor-jJower on the one
hand, on the other the Sellers of labor-
poWer. It ls the supreme test of the
efficiency of unionism. If It is efficacious It should be applied. If It ls not,
the soO'ner its Ihfllcacy is concretely
demonstrated the better.
Anyway the workers of Vancouver
have little to lose by a general strike;
less to lose than by a necessarily more
prolonged sectional one. And they
stand a chance of gaining, if nothing
else, experience.
Ab to the outcome. It is said to
be unsafe to prophesy unless you
know. Nevertheless, we have no hesitation ln prophesying failure. Iri fact
it is not a case for prophesy at all,
as no element of probability is Involved- There is a certainty of failure, an
absolute impossibility of success. Not
here merely, but anywhere and always.
To see this we have merely to conceive an ideal state,of affairs for the'
success of a general strike, unanimity
of purpose, determination, ample provision, "public sympathy" and the powers of state neutral. *i In short, all conditions such that the employers must
concede their demands. Will they
win? Never. The masters have but to
concede their demands today and tomorrow they may safely commence
little by little, filching back the crumbs
which have been wrested from them.
They would still possess the means
of production and would control the
workers' means of subsistence and,
therefore, the workers' lives.
On the industrial field the struggle
Is hopeless. Unionism of one sort or
another may, in the most favorable
circumstances, temper the wind to the
shorn lamb. It is powerless to stop
the shearing. It does not even question the maBters' right to shear.
It Ib a collective bargaining of the
slaves with their masters over the
terms and conditions of enslavement
It strikes against the more rigorous
conditions of enslavement not against
enslavement Itself. And always the
advantages He with the masters, the
disadvantages with the slaves. The
conditions of the slave market are
always favorable to the masters and
unfavorable to the slaves. The poverty of the workers counts against
them and for the masters. Their very
numbers count against them. If the
general strike will demonstrate these
things then it will have served a useful purpose. For the only alternative
for the workers will be political action.
THE LAW GOT US.
One never knows, upon rising In the
morning, what place he will occupy In
the day's procession of events. It takes but a few minutes'sometimes to upset our closest calculations. This
morning, we had mapped out the very
simplest kind of a plan to be carried
out before noon, viz., to walk Into
town, go to the post office and do some
chores around the Clarion office. Inside of thirty minutes after starting,
we had been arrested, charged with
vagrancy, insulted three times and
given to understand that henceforth
the Law regarded us as a suspicious
character.
We were heading for. town in company with Comrade Taylor and, on our
way, happened to arrive ln front of
the police station. Taylor, who has
a most troublesome .curiosity, 'suggested that we enter the police court
and view the proceedings for awhile.
Being an unwary person, we are easily
led and as it had been our intention
to visit that court for some time anyway, we both went.
Now, everybody knows what a police court ls, but we will define it,
briefly, as a plaee where protection of
the lives and property of the citizens,
a job for the least humorous of newspaper reporters who are supposed to
make something look foolish and must
have something easy.
This being a democratic country,
every citizen is supposed to have a
right to go into the police court and
watch himself being protected. Except, of course, when all the seating
accommodation is occupied. In that
case the person desiring entrance Is
apprised of the fact and goes about
his business. That, at least, Ib what
happens ln ordinary places. Vancouver, however, ls not an ordinary or
mediocre city—she has law machinery
of a novel and Interesting pattern.
We arrived at the door of the aforesaid court which Comrade Taylor
opened. As we started through, a
gruff voice informed us to "get out."
This was rather strange, but we
thought that perhaps "some impressive
ceremony, such hs removing an al
leged inebriate from the balance of
his funds which the court needed in
its business, was transpiring, we decided to wait a few minutes. Soon we
tried again. ThlB time the door flew
open and an avalanche of brass buttons and loud vblce descended upon
us. It demanded to know as follows:
Who we were; where we were from;
what we were doing; what we were
going to do; did we work; where
did 'we work; what did we do if we
didn't work; how long sipce we had
worked; could we give any satisfactory reason why "we Were alive, anyhow? During the commotion, we saw
that Taylor was preparing to answer
some of these questions, but, fortunately, before he had time to incriminate himself, the eruption ceased with
the information that we were vagrants and were under arrest as such.
Here is the distinctive feature of a
Vancouver police court. When the
room is full, the citizen deBiring entrance does not leave and go about
his business. He becomes automatically a vagrant. He has no business
of his own, anyway, as it belongs also
to about sixteen policemen. Thl* ls a
very fine arrangement, as it affords
an opportunity for a particularly dense
policeman to learn his. piece off by
heart and to speak it loudly and with
despatch so as to stupify the subject
with amazement at his great powers
of vocal reproduction.
When the voice had subsided, its
custodian, the buttons, escorted us
below to a room which contained a
g6od deal more police tonnage. We
were placed in front of "a person who,
one could tell at a glance, had devoted a good deal of time and study
to the art of looking savage. He was
most appropriately situated behind an
Iron screen, like his prototype at the
park zoo. He asked questions. The
same ones. His voice was very loud
and penetrating. Surprisingly bo, as
it only had to penetrate through about
two feet of unobstructed atmosphere.
We have evolved a theory about this.
A policeman always talks very loudly,
presumably In an effort to make noise
supply the deficiency in : intelligence.
Now, it iB a fact that those faculties
which are moat used become most
highly developed. In the higher typeB
of human beings, the brain takes a
large proportion of tlBBue-buIldlng substance, in the lower types, the physical senses, such as sight, smell, hearing, etc., become very acute. While
In the lowest forms, such as that
which we ate, now considering, most
of the f6od goes to fill ut>: a uniform
and tb' nourish' tne Vocal chords.
The one bhlnd the 'netting appeared to be very much concerned about
some work We Were not doing. We
were about to get' arixious in the same
Way about nlm and ' the rest: of the
bunch WhoBe shttnberg "we had disturbed, tfh6n*he'tJo"fd''6s to go'aid the
next time we eatte hact We would be
completely arrested.
Taylor had no business going near
a policeman without a tie on, he might
have known how delicate they are
about such matters. That is sufficient
to-cause one to be suspected of most
heinous crimoB. The earnest solicitude of policemen about work—for
other.peoples-is remarkable. It gives
reason to strongly suspect that that
is about all they are for—to keep
slaves in terror of idleness. That
would account for the big haul they
usually make on a hoMday. If the
general strike comes off, the whole
force will need medical attention.
It must not be surmised that we
regard police institutions in general as other than good things. We
are Very much in favor of It. If it
were not for the police, there would
be nobody for criminals to escape
from, which would rob burglary, etp„
of Its chief attraction. Then, think of
all the poor fellows who would have
to earn their own living if the police
force were abolished.
We would even go so far as to suggest a way to make the lives of policemen easier and more comfortable.
When a crime is committed, let all of
us who are innocent, Immediately give
ourselves up and save all this trouble
of hunting up clues and catching persons indiscriminately. This might inconvenience some of us for a little
time, but who would he so mean as to
refuse this small assistance to our
brave boys?
Another.thing. Just a little suggestion to the pedestrian who has .occasion to be out on the streets in daylight. To avoid misunderstanding, he
should have his clothes and hat well
brushed, wear h tie, and carry suspended in front a placard giving a detailed personal record since attaining
his majority, with a full statement of
his affairs to date and a balance sheet.
It would be well for him to also pack
a small knife-grinding machine which
should be vigorously turned whenever
a policeman is in sight. This would
have a lemlency to quiet the latter's
nerves  which  idleness  would agitate.
We are Indebted to that blue-coated
avoirdupois for revealing to us the
desolation of Its mental waste. We
went tliere for local cjlor and got it.
We are well satisfied, even If we do
have to keep away from the police
station on pain of arrest.
HUNGRY PIETY.
Comrade Editor:—
The other day a pious wage slave
said: "The reason why. there is so
much misery and povery in the world
is because we are in the latter days
He had the Idea that after the crash
of worlds the righteous would be
snatched up in the twinkling of an eye
while the wicked would writhe in
agony and despair, for the satisfaction
of a diabolical God. He was one of
the righteous; he would be whisked
up into the air and fade away. What
a sublime "Bite." What a picture for
an artist.
The complacency with which he announced the agony of millions was ludicrous. This wage slave relied on the
help of God. The Anabaptists of the
Middle Ages relied on God and while
Invoking aid from him five thousand
of them Were cut to pieces by the
enemy.
The supernaturalist Ib an impossible
creature. He recognizes the poverty
and misery in the world and to put
matters right God ls going to destroy
the world. That Is certainly drastic.
No cure. No remedy. The only way
out, annihilation.
The pious wage slave believes the
walls of Jericho fell to the ground
with the blast of trumpets. The socialist believes the walls of the capitalist
stronghold will crash to the ground
beacuse the economic base is shifting.
The pious proletarian, wise In his own
conceit, that his calling and election
is sure to twang upon a harp in some
region far away, may rely on supema-
al aid.
The ecstatic creature san afford to
do so. High prices, low wages, unpaid
labor, disturb him not.' He lives on
hope and faith, so he is never hungry
or thirsty. He has no belly, bo he
never eats any tripe or cowheel. He
never indulges ln a feast of pork and
beans. He does not move things; he
is moved by the spirit. He never
wields the pick and shovel. He is never cut up or mutilated by machinery,
you never see him go home with his
head under his arm. If he falls into
a fiery furnace it does not even singe
his whiskers. He is above natural
law; the devil can't touch him with
a long pole. He has hairs on his head;
they are all numbered, ninety and nine
are short and stubby, the hundreth ls
long and curly. In short, he is a prodigy.
He has only one desire and that is
to vanish and fade away. He seeks a
city out of sight. He believes God
made the earth, and yet It is not a desirable dwelling place. He is not satisfied with his abode, which proves the
Socialists are not the only ones that
are dissatisfied. He has no desire to
live he has no desire to die. All he
wants Is to get to heaven out of It. A
steam hammer might descend on his
head; it would not matter. A flea
can bite him; a whale can swallow
him. Anything for a quiet life. The
pious wage slave plumes himself for
a flight and never hits the telegraph
wires. He is not of this earth, he has
his eyes on Venus. He gazes on comets, stars, planets, constellations. Economic facts do not disturb him—he ls
neither a victim or a beneficiary of
the present system.
The attitude of the intellectuals to
economic facts is interesting. They
are dubious, uneasy, uncomfortable.
Meanwhile the vast army of industrial workers are struggling. They toil
they suffer, they endure. They yield
up their produce to another class. At
even they leave the shop and factory;
the trench and the field; deep sleep
falls upon them. Suddenly Ib heard
the alarm clock's hideous din, and once
more matter Ib In motion.
CLIFFORD BUTLER.
Socialist Directory
Every local of the Socialist Party of
Canada should run a enrtl under tills
liead. $1.00 ]ier month. Secretaries
please note.
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE
Socialist Pasty of Canada. .Meets
every alternate Monday. D. Q. McKenzie. Secretary. Box 16SS, Vancouver, 13. C.
BRITISH       COLUMBIA      PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Soolallat Party
of Canada Meets every alternate
Monday. 1). G. .McKenzie, Socrelaiv,
Box itiss, Vancouver, H. C,
ALBERT*.   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committer, Socialist Party of Canada.
Meets every alternate Monday In Labor
Hall. Klghth Ave. East, opposite post-
offlce. Secretary will be please, 1 to
answer any communications regarding
the movement In the province. V.
Danby,   Secretary,   Box   017,   Calgary,
LOCAL SOUTH POST GEORGE, WO. 61,
headquarters and puhlie reading room,
Show Bulkline, Hamilton Street. Business meetings every Saturday night at
S P.m. .Neil McLean, Secretary: John
Mclnnls, Organizer. Comrades contemplating coining to Fort George are
earnestly requested to write for reliable Information.
LOCAL  VANCOUVER,
P.   of   C.      Business     ,. ,
I uesday evening at headquarters, 2237
Main Street.    F. Perry, Secretary, Box
B.   C,  NO.  I,  8.
meetings    every
LOCAL   VANCOUVEB,   B.    C.,    NO.    45,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the mouth at 2237
Main Street.    Secretary,  Wm. Mvnttl.
MANITOBA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee: Notice—This card is Inserted for the purpose of getting
"TOU" Interested In tho Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party: so if you are
desirous of becoming n member, or
wish to get any information, write the
secretary. \Y. H. Stebblngs. Address,
310  Good  Street,  Winnipeg.
SASKATCHEWAN PROVINCIAL Executive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada, Meets every first and third
Saturday In the month, 8:00 p.m., at
headquarters, Main Street, North Battleford. Secretary will answer any
communications regarding the movement in tills Province. A. Gildemees-
ter, Secretary, Box 201, North Battle-
fM-d, Sask.
MARITIME PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace .Bay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box
491, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   8.   P.  Of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall. Victoria Ave.. Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting tlrst Sunday ln each
month, same place, at 2:30 p.m. David
Paton,  Secretary,  Box 101.
LOCAL   OREENWOOD,   B. C,    NO.    9,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting comrades invited to call. C.
G. Johnson, Secretary.
LOCAI,   LADYSMITH  VO.   10,   8.  P.  Of
C. Business meetings every Saturday,
7 p.m., ln lieadquarters on First Ave.
J. H. Burrough, Box 31, Ladysmlth,
B.  C.
LOCAL   MICHEL,  B.   C,  NO.   16,   8.  P.
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon nt 2:30 p.m. in
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation is
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the first
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 n.m. in the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
Secretary.
LOCAL  MOYIE,  B.  C, NO.  30,   MEETS
second Sunday, 7:30 p.m.. in McGregor
Hall (Miners' Hall). Thos. Roberts,
Secretary:
LOCAL  VERNON,   B.   C,   NO.  38,  8.  P.
of C. Meets every Tuesday, S:00 p.m.
sharp, at L. O. 1.. Hall. Tronson St.
\\. H. Gilmore, Secretary,
LOOAL  VICTORIA,  B.   C,  NO.  9,  S.  P.
"f *•'• Heading room aud headquarters,
1.119 Government St., Hoom 2. over
Collister's Gun Store. Business meetings every Tuesduy, S p.m. Propaganda meetings every Sunday at Crystal  Theatre.    T.   Gray,  Secretary.
LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA., NO. 4, 8. P.
of C. Meetings every Sundav at 8
p.m. in the Labor Hall, Barber' Block,
Llghth Ave. E. (near poslotiice). Club
nnd reading room, Labor Hall. Geo.
Hosslter, Secretary, Box 647.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     9.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the flrst
und third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Tliursduy evenings
following propaganda meetings at 8.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.j
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box 63,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
Information nny day at Miners' Hall
from Com. W. Graham, Secretary of
U. M. W. of A.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.,  NO.  1,  8.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
Secretary, A, Farmilo, 622 First St.;
Organizer,  W.   Stephenson.
LOCAL LETHBRIDOE,  ALTA., NO. 13,
S. P. of C. Meets first and third Sundays in the month, at 4 p.m., in
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock, Box 1983.
LOOAL REOINA, BASK., NO. 6.  StPBTS
every Sunduy at 7:30 p.m. in Trades
Hall, Scarth Street. Business meetings second and fourth Fridays at S
p.m., Trades Hall. Secretary,' B. Simmons, Box 1046.
LOOAL BRANDON, MAN., NO. 7, 8. P.
of C. Headquarters. No. 10 Nation
Block. Rossar Ave. Propaganda meeting, Sunday at 8 p.m.: business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at 8
p.m.; economic -class, Sundays at 3
p.m.; speakers' class, Wednesday at
8 p.m.; algebra class, Friday at 8
p.m.,- debuting class, flrst nnd third
Mondays nt 8 p,m. D. France, Organizer,  1126 Victoria Ave.
LOCAL   NELSON,  8.  P.  of  C,   MEETS
everv Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. 1. A. Austin,  Secretary.
LOOAL PRINCE RUPERT, B. C, No. 53,
S. P. of C„ meets every Sunday in
hall in Empress Tlieatre Block at 2:00
p.m.    L. H. Gorliam, Secretary.	
LOCAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P.  of C.    Business meetings nt'So-
cialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month.    B. F. Gayman, Secre-
Izer;  B. F. Gayman, Secretary,
tary.
LOOAL ROS3LAND, NO. 95, S. P. of O.,
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday nt
7:30 p.m. li. Campbell, Secretary, P.O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in ^Inlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secretary, P.O.
Box 54, Rossland.
CLARION   MAY   STATEMENT.
Expenditures.        \
Printing    $188.00
Mailing     12.BQ
Editing        25.00
Total $225.50
Receipts.
Subs * 96.20
Cards and Ads     28.25
Deficit     101.05
Total    $225.50
The attempted suicide Is a criminal
only because he failed to commit
crime.
LOCAL SANDON, B. C, NO. 36, S. P. OF
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
In the Sandon Mlrfers' Union Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K, Sandon, B. C.
LOOAL WINNIPEG, MAN., NO. 1, 8. P.
of C. Heudquarters, 528 1/2 Main St,
Hoom 2, next Dreamland Tlieatre.
Business meeting every alternate
Monday evening at-S p.m.; propaganda
meeting every Wednesday at 8 p.m.;
economic class every Sunday afternoon, 3 p.m. Orgnnlzer, Hugh Laid-
low. Room 2, 528 1/2 Main St. Secretary.  J.  W,  Hillings.  270  Young St.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   No.   8,   8.   P.   OP C.
Business meetings flrst Sunday in
month In open air, followed by a picnic during summer months. Propaganda meetings every Saturday night
at 8 p. m., at the corner of McKenzie
Avenue and Rideau Street. Sam Hor-
wlth, Secretary, 374 Llsgar Street, Ottawa: phone 277 or 3229.
LOOAL  OLACE BAY,  NO.  1,  OP N. 8.
Business and propaganda meeting
every Tliursduy. at 8 p.m. In Macdon-
ald's Hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash. Corresponding;
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen: H. G. Ross,
Financial Secretary, office in D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. Building, Union
Street.
599
F. PERRY
TAILOR
834 Pender St.       Vancouver
To Canadian Socialists
On account of Increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review ln Canada
11.20 a year instead of 11.00. We
can. however, make the following
special offers:
For $3.00 We will mall three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mail ten
copies of any ohe issue.
For 13.00 we Will mail the Review   one   year  and   the   Chicago
Dally Socialist for one year.
CKABLBI X. RBRB ft COMPANT
1S4 West Klnsle St., Chicago.
PRICE LI8T OF SUPPLIES
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local)..... $5.00
Membership  Cards, each     .01
Duet Stamps, each 10
Platform and   application   blank.
per 100  25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constltut   ns, per dozen, 50c.
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen ,      50
__ jne-a of Manufacturers,
**ngin*eru and others who realize the advisabi*.
Uy of having their Patent business transacted
by Expei ts. Preliminary advice free. Chargee
-nodeiau.. Oar Inventor's Advtaer lent upon I
request Marion & Marion, New York Life Bldg,
Montreal.- nud WMhington. nt, U.S.A-
GREAT BOOKS BY
GREAT MEN
Riddle of the Universe, hy
Haeckel    25c
Life of Jesus, Kenan  25c
Age of Reason, Paine  25c
Merrie England    20c
God and My Neighbor,
Blatchford    •...., 25c
Origin of Species, Darwin.. 25c
Ingersoll's Lectures, each.. 25c
Evolution of the1 Idea of God,
Grant Alien   25c
Postage prepaid on hooks.
The People's Bookstore
152 Cordova St. W.
DENTIST
W.J. CURRY
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
iXSiam THE CAFETffilA
305 Camb'ie Street
The best of everything properly
Cooked.
Chas. Malcahey, Prop.
<*54    .
NOW READY.
"Manifesto of the 8. P. of C."
Price—10 cents per copy or 75 cents
per doz.  (to subscribers to Publishing Fund, 6 cents).
"The State and'Government."
Price five cents per copy or 25 cents
per doz.    (To subscribers,  $1.00 per
hundred.).
•**»»««r*«*«*a!H|H-Mr»«»^ SATURDAY, UUNE 3rU, 1911.
the western ®Mxm* VjMteopy ia mmm «
TkKM
sir* .,.r
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE.
Meeting held May 29th, 1911. Present Comrades Taylor (Chairman),
Karme, Kreekis, Mengel, Peterson, and
the  Secretary.
Minutes of the previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from
, Maritime, .Manitoba and Alberta Ex-
1 ecutives; Local Brandon, Man.; Or-
■ ganlzers O'llrlen and Lestor.
Expulsion of Lemuel Goodwin by
i Local Vernon noted.
..   Receipts
kMaritime Executive    $5.00
.O'Brien Tour Fund—
J. C. Burgess, $1.00;    A.    McDonald, $1.00    2.00
iLiterature Sales—A. Stewart, $1;
T. H. E., 10 cents    1.10
Dlarion Maintenance—B. J. L., $1;
Strlethorst, $1    2.00
Total    $10.10
"Warrants authorized for Clarion deficit, $101.05; Clarion May Card, $1.00;
postage, $5.00;   Secretaries  May sal-
Aries, $30.00
 Receipts.
Dan Smith, organization $3.00
Dave Romans, organization  1.00
Alex JI. Kergan, organization  1.00
Heath   McLean,  organization   1.00
Will  Nicolson,  organization     1.00
Wilbur McLeod, organization .... 5.00
Local Sydney Mines, organization 3.00
Local Sydney Mines, due stamps. 2.00
Local Glace Bay, due stamps  2.00
Total $19.00
Expenditure.
Organizer's Salary $24.00
Dom. Ex., 100 due stamps     5.00
Card In Clarion, Jan. Feb., Mar..    3.^0
Total    $32.00
DAN COCHRANE, Sect'y.
LOCALS  ATTENTION!!
B. C. PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE.
Meeting held May 29th, 1911.
Minutes of previous meeting approv*
ta.
Correspondence dealt with from Lo;
balB South Fort George, Vernon, 'En-
Jlerby, New Westminster, South Wellington and Victoria, and from Organizers Houston and Desmond.
I,' Objections from Nanaimo to revocation of charter ordered published, together with Local South Wellington's
Communication, both referred to the
|Party for consideration.
Receipts.
LOcal Victoria $10.00
Local New Westminster      5.00
Local South Fort George ..:  5.00
[Local Gibson's Landing     5.00
"Warrants authorized    for    Clarion
|m ay Card, $1.00; Secretaries' May salaries, $30.00
SASKATCHEWAN EXECUTIVE.
Meeting held May 22nd, 1911.
Minutes of previous meeting after
being amended, adopted.
Correspondence    dealt   with    from
|l*)om. Executive,  Comrade Bryce, De-
naine; Local Menzie; F. Munts, Warnock, from the Organizer and Local
Sforth Battleford.
Comrade G. Boerma's re-appolntment
[is a member on the Committee from
"..Ocal Fennell Hall rejected,   on   the
.•rounds of his incapability to do so,
bwing to petty jealousy and unproved
[charges, etc.
Decided that Local North Battle-
Jfohl's action ln the matter of Francis
Ijirey Allen's expulsion be sustained,
land we hereby give notice that Fran-
Lis Grey Allen has been expelled front
\he party for good and sufficient reasons.
Receipts.
tin collections   $2.20
KJom. S. Root, aid of organization 5.00
B\     Total    $7.20
k Expenditure.
IWarrants authorized for—
Postage on Books   $2.70
'Hent and Sundries  4.30
Total    $7.00
A. GILDEMEESTER.
MARITIME  EXECUTIVE COMMIT-
TEE.
"Meeting held May 14th, 1911.
Present—Comrades Brodie (Chairman), Nash, Sutherland, Alex. McKinnon, Chapman, Organizer O'Brien' and
the Secretary.
Correspondence dealt with from Local Amherst, St. John, Dom. Ex. Com.,
Giface D. Brewar.
Organizer Sutherland reported the
work done during the week. Organizer O'Brien reported holding good
meetings at St, John. Considerable
time was then taken up making arrangements for Comrade O'Brien's
tour of the riding. On motion the secretary was instructed to write the
isecretary of the National Executive
of America to try and get dates for
Comrade O'Brien to fill in while travelling to Toronto from St. John,
ttiWtigh the States. On motion'the
meeting adjourned. '
•At'a special meeting held May 6th,
kfter hearing Comrtde McKlnnon's Te-
pbrt and recommendation re the Cumberland Co. Bituhtion, decided to endorse the candidature of Seamam Tor-
Is and A. "F. Landry, providing that
Comrade Landry become a member of
the Party at" once. We also endorse
the circular sent out by Comrade Lavenne. for funds for Cumberland election campaign.
Secretaries are requested to bring
the subjoined to the attention of their
locals. The Party is In possession of
the facts ot the case as published in
the Clarion. The-actions of the Executive are always subject to revision by
the Party. Locals considering the Executive's action not warranted in this
case should so notify the Executive.
Returns to be sent in before July 1st
1911.
•   »   »
To the B. C. Provincial Executive, Socialist -farty of Canada,
Dear Comrades: —
And so you have decided to read us
out of the Party, and that too, without
giving us a chance to object; just because your august selves concluded we
had made an unproved and malicious
attack on our late comrade, J. H. Hawthornthwaite.
You cannot, surely, be so foolish as
to expect that we will accept such an
outrageous proceeding in silence, and
allow our Local to go to pieces If
you do, you have" miscalculated. We
submit, you have exceeded your authority under the Constitution, to say
nothing of the manifest Injustice of depriving us of our rights as men to be
accorded a fair trial, before being'
punished. Even the capitalist courts
would, at least, give any one accused
of crime, a chance to defend himself.
But you, who are supposed to be guided by the principles, of justice and
fairness, who* were elected expressly
to guard the Interests of the Party,
and each and all Its members, proceed
to deprive a whole local of the Party
of all their rights under the Constitution, because, you allege, we had some
false and malicious statements about
one who had withdrawn from the Local and was not even a member of the
Party, vide correspondence.
But' you had not a tittle of evidence
that the statements were untrue or
malicious, nothing but the Ipse dixit
of the party in question, to wit, J.H.H.
Well, did you expect he would admit
the truth of the statements? Did you
expect he would do other than deny
them? Naturally he would object and
characterize the statements as false
and malicious. But by no stretch of
your authority could you justly conclude his statement was correct, until
you had made a full and complete Investigation. But you did not even attempt to Investigate. You accept his
statement as correct without a moment's hesitation, without inquiry,
without even notifying us that our
statements were questioned, and proceed to read us out of the Party, to
deprive us of our Charter, and all the
rlghtB-guaranteed by the Constitution
and Laws of the Party.
Talk about Star Chamber methods!
Talk about the Czar! Neither are in
lt with the B..C. Provincial Executive
of the Socialist Party of Canada. We
have often had to object to your highhanded methods. We have frequently
had to complain of your lack of appreciation of your duty to the Party and
to the movement, but we never dreamed you would dare to go to the length
of violating every principle of fair
play, overy conception of right and
justice, and to over-ride the constitutional rights of every man, to say nothing of the rights and privileges of
every member of the Socialist Party
of Canada under the Constitution and
Laws of the Party, which in this ca.se
you have ruthlessly trampled under
foot. We refuse to accept such a
stupid and tyrannical ruling. We wlll
not how to the unjust decree of any
would-be tyrants, elevated to a little
brief authority. We demand that the
matter be re-considered. That the
question be fairly tried, and failing
that,'we demand that a Convention be
held 'to which this matter be referred,
and that in the meantime you recall
your absurd and tyrannical decision;
restoring our constitutional rights as
a' Local ot 'the Socialist Party of Canada. - This la' not the time or place to
argue the merits of the case. We must
first be placed tn the position we have
a' right to as a regularly constituted
Local of the Socialist Party of Canada.   Then, when you have appointed
time and place we shall be prepared
to defend our actions. Should we fail
to substantiate the statements we
have made, you will then have the
right, as lt will be your duty, to discipline us. Till then we refuse to ac
cept your unjust, arbitrary decision
and shall continue to exercise our
rights as guaranteed by the Constitu
tion.
Local Nanalmo No. 3, S. P. of C.
The above was passed without dls
sent at a full meeting of the Local
called for the purpose of considering
the matter and expresses the sense of
of all the members. We would ask
you to take prompt action in the mat
ter and give this publicity in the Clar
ion ln its first Issue, and also inform
us what action (you take) or propose
to take.
Yours in revolt,
A. JORDAN, Secretary,
Local Nanalmo No. 3, S. P. of C.
*   *   *
Secretary Provincial Executive,
Comrade:—
South Wellington protests against
the action of Provincial Executive in
revoking the charter of Local Nanaimo No. 3. We find In correspondence
published in Clarion, a statement by
J. H. Hawthornthwaite to the effect
that he is no longer a member of S. P.
of C. On what grounds does the Executive act ln such a despotic manner.
We fall to see how the Executive can
be concerned as to whether a nonparty member goes to Parliament or
Hell. When we look up the Constitution we find In Article II., Section '4
that Locals have complete local autonomy (which we suppose means the
right of self-government), again in Section 9, Article II., we find, that the Executive have the right to consider appeals from members who have been
expelled or suspended. In By-laws,
Section 7, we read: "Locals shall have
jurisdiction over their own members."
Taking these Articles "from Constitution and 'By-laws:—1st on what
grounds does the Provincial Executive
interfere ln Nanaimo "family" affairs
If they have complete local autonomy?
2nd. Although the Executive have the
power to consider appeals from suspended or expelled members we do
not consider that the Executive has
any authority to Interfere on behalf
of an Individual who has voluntarily
resigned the party, re-Instate such individual and turn down local.
That By-Law.
(What a joke on the fact of It).
'Locals shall have jurisdiction over
their own members." In an editorial,
"Dialectics or Diarrhoea," you accuse
Nanaimo Local of character assassination because they failed to obtain
jobs as turnkeys, we desire to make
known that we consider the S. P. of C.
Is not in business seeking jobs for
turnkeys or coal stock brokers, but to
educate the wage slaves to free themselves from bondage. In an editorial
some time ago we were assured that
M. P. P.'s were only organizers and
when they failed to do the stunt they
were an encumbrance. If such be the
case the position of the Provincial
Executive is rather .peculiar, when
Nanalmo Local take steps to put a
member of the Local on the road organizing, the said member having a
government "pension" and a free railway pass, the square dealing Provincial Executive steps ln and turns
down Nanaimo Local and sustains
"pensioner."
Surely "oil" must have been poured
on troubled waters.
We of South Wellington Local desire a Provincial Convention as early
as possible and that Nanalmo Local
be allowed to seat delegates to defend
their position, we also request that
this protest be published In Clarion.
On behalf of South Wellington Local, we are yours In revolt,
W. THOMPSON,
J. RUTHERFORD.
FINANCIAL REPORT OKANAGAN
DISTRICT ORGANIZATION.
Receipts.
Prov. Exec. Com $103.00
Local Vernon        46.50
ocal Summerland       30.15
Local Mara       5.00
P. Rosoman       1.50
Wm. Elson        1.00
J. F. Johnson       6.00
Thorn. Gray       1.00
Geo.  McKay   25
Total    $194.40
Expenditure.
Organizer Desmond—
Expenses, Dec $38.15
Expenses, Jan  20.05
Expenses, Feb  26\25
Expenses Up till March 18th..  25.15
Organizer Desmond, Salary... 77.40
Posters     1.00
Staty,. pastage, bank charges...    4.40
By Cash on hand      2.00
Total    • $194.40
Audited and found correct,
ARTH. O. HOLLAND,
H. J. JOHNSON.
Auditors.
H. GILDEMEESTER,
Mara, B. C. Dist. Secy.
P. S.—Will Summerland take notice
that there Is still $15.00 due the organization and Local Mara, $6.50.
EDMONTON, ALTA.
Dear Comrade:—
Returned from homestead short time
ago, and found Farmilo and McQuold
holding down street corner every
Sunday evening. They are'two promising speakers, Farmilo with his faultless logic and McQuoid with his Irish
wit,, make a good team. Comrade
Blake has returned from Europe and
intends making his debut next Sunday
evening with Comrade Brearton as a
side-kicker. Readers of the Clarion
are familiar with Blake's writings and
as a speaker he will have few equals
although Brearton will push him hard
once started. By the end of summer
we expect to have at least four flrst
class men on the box, and I expect to
see things hum around here this summer. '
Enclosed find order for $3:50 for
subs., names and addresses on another
page.
STEWART, the Wage Slave.
ENDERBY, B. C.
Enderby Local at their last meeting
discussed the Hawthornthwaite affair
from the two statements made In the
Clarion and were disgusted at the
action of Nanalmo Local in flying to
the capitalist press as they did Instead of submitting the matter to the
B. C. Provincial Executive. That action in itself is condemnatory, showing
when put to the test they are not socialists but use the capitalist press to
further their nefarious ends. It looks
as If a couple ot disgruntled would-be
plug-uglies, or what is' tantamount to
that, and others whom they had got
talked round, had done the whole
thing, and seeing how they tried to
discredit Hawthornthwaite, even running him down from nn educational
standpoint, and hinting that he had
sold out to the plutes; we are Inclined to think that the finger of suspicion
ought to be pointed at his would-be
despoilers, rather than at Hawthornthwaite. We know him to be one of
the best Informed men that ever stood
on the floor of the B. C. Legislature
and we don't want any of such slander as came from that Nanalmo bunch.
P. ROSOMAN,
If a general strike is called next
week as is projected, there will be no
Clarion.' These awful unionists! The
very thought of idleness makes the
Clarion staff positively ill.
It has always been the policy of
this paper to keep Its columns as free
as possible from solicitations for support, and we do not intend to start
walling now. In the Interests of the
Party, however, there are one or two
things that will bear mention.
The paper belongs to the Party.
When it does not pay for its operation,
the general funds of the party must
be drawn upon to make up the deficit.
We are aware that, being the Party
organ, the Clarion contains a good
deal of polemic discussion that is derogatory to Its propaganda value. We
we are also aware that those who are
most arrogant ln their demands for
democratic" treatment in its columns
are the least anxious to relieve the
financial situation. We just want to
make clear that If the members of
the party got busy for once, the Clarion could be made a source of revenue
to the party instead of a drain upon
its resources.
The following did some rustling
this week:
C. M. O'Brien, Maritime 11
S. Stewart, Edmonton    6
J. D. Houston, Nelson, B. C  4
T. B. Legge, Brandon, Man  3
W. Welling, San Diego, Cal  2
Smith," Vancouver     2
B.  Simmons,  Regina,  Sask  2
Gordon Brown, Victoria   2
Singles:
A. R. Johnston, Silver Creek, B. C.i
Sam Horwith, Hull, Que.; Desmond,
Nelson, B. C.i H. Judd, Brackendale,
B. C.i H. Kaye, Maycroft, Alta.; J.
Telt, Spences Bridge, B. C; A. R. Tur
ner, Mission City, B. C.
'.UgBHiri      JUIIAI
SUITS
TO   ORDER
$18 to $30
Entire profits from all Suits
sold through this advertisement, go to the fund for printing leaflets and pamphlets hy
tho Dominion Executive 8.]'.
ofC.
PLAN — Write A. F. Cohh,
Gndsby, Alta., for samples of
cloth and measurement forms
2. State about color and price
of Suit desired.
3. Return samples and order
with deposit of $5.00 to A. F.
Cohh.
4. Suit will he delivered CO.
D. hj* express.
A. F. COBB
GADSBY, ALTA.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, tn convention assembled, a "firm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of tb*
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of th*
means of.production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker a
slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights ln the means of wealth production and
their control qf the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-Increasing measure of
misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tho wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point ef production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to bold, the worker to secure lt by
political action.  This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we cp 11 upon all workers to organise under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with tbe object of conquering the
.public powers for the.purpose of setting up and enforcing tbe economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective.property of the working claaa.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in offlce shall always and everywhere
until the present, system ls abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class straggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is tor it; if it will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to It
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its hands ln such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
PRICE   LI8T  OF   LITERATURE
Trade Marks
Designs
copvriohts ac.
Anyone Bonding R akelnh nnd description mar
quickly aacertaln our opinion freo whetlior an
Invention la protinhlr pataiitablo.. Cominunlca.
tlonaatrtctlacunlldeiitliU. HANDBOOK on Patent*
font free. Oldeat uaency foraecurtnapateiita.
Patent* taken tbrouah Munn A Co. raoo'TO
special nodes, without obante, ln tbe
Scientific American.
A handfomely Ulart«t«l wmHt. •■-•»*-** cli*-
ctU&tion of any wleatlne journal. Termi for
(■iwiada, 98.75 a year, ptwtatje prepaid. Hold or
all newsdealer*.
(yiUHN&Co.!»8'Bf»«1""NewYgrk
■f>-»"«+ "-*-»   IS-'*****    •»"aa*,inw*nr  o  *
Issued   by   the   Dominion   Executive
Committee
"Slave of the Farm," or "Proleta-
Irian In Politics," to locals subscribing
to the publishing fund, $1.00 per 100;
to others, 25c per dozen.
"Socialism and Unionism," to locals
subscribing to the publishing fund,
$1.00 per 100; to others, 25c per dozen.
"The Struggle for Existence," to locals subscribing to the publishing
fund, $1.00 per 100; to others, 25c per
dozen.
"Value, Price and Profit," to subscribers to publishing fund, $2.00 per
100; to others, 30c per dozen.
'Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism," to subscribers to publishing
fund, $6.00 per 100; to others, 75c per
dozen.
PROPAGANDA
MEETING
Empress
Theatre
Sunday, June
4
LOCAL VANCOUVER   NO. 1
PRICE LIST OF LITERATURE.
Capital, Vol. I, II, III, Karl Marx,
per vol $2.00
Ancient Society, Lewis Morgan $1,50
Six Centuries of Work and Wages,
Thorold Rogers    2.00
Woman Under Socialism, Bebel.. 1.00
Essays on the Materialist Conception of History, Labrlalo  1.00
Socialism and Philosophy, Labrlola   1.00
Positive Outoome of Philosophy
Dletzgen    1.00
Philosophical Essays, Dietzgen... 1,00
Socialism and   Modern   Science,
Enrico Ferrl  1.00
Evolution Social and Organic, Arthur M. Lewis   SO
Vital Problems In  Social Evolution, Arthur M. Lewis 50
The above works will be sent postpaid to any part ot Canada. This ls
only a selection of our stock and almost any bound work ln Chas. H.
Kerr's catalogue can be had. Orders
to be addressed David Galloway, 2248
Main St., Vancouver.
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
(J If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to onr office and we will eend a men
to measure your premises and give you an estimate oi cost of
installing the ges pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited. font
THE WESTERN CLARION, V.ANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA
SATURDAY, JUNE 3rd, 1911.
LIQUOR     QUESTION,     POLITICAL,
MORAL AND ECONOMIC
PHASES.
(Continued from Page 1)
arattncatloiT~6~f ~dellre IT the mainspring of nil hunHan action; the essence of human existence. The things
the individual desires he will have if
ho can get Ihem.
lie muy desire some things that are
not good for hlm, perhaps too much
coffee, or possibly too much beer, and
no matter how much I talk to him
ngnlnst the Intemperate use of either,
he will continue to be intemperate
until he becomes nauseated, or until
his own experience has convinced him
that Intemperance brings him more
pain than pleusure.
Such rcsultB can not be gained by
prohibition, but muBt be left to experience and education.
We find that Independent of Prohibition and the Anti-Saloon League
agitation we of the United States have
gradually reduced the amount consumed annually, of the stronger alcoholic
liquors.
In 1850 we consumed two and one-
half gallons of whisky per capita,
while ln 1896 we consumed one gallon
per capita. This reduction ta the
amount of stronger alcoholic drinks
consumed and of less drunkenness
now than ever before is the result of
experience and education which must
be the ultimate solution of all social
problems. The man who can not go
to the saloon without getting druaf
or to church without getting religious
dementia, can not be helped by prohibition laws. He will have to have
his head fixed.
We are told that the use of alcohol
is injurious to health and there ls no
doubt that its excessive use is. This
is true of coffee and many other
things as well. If you take half a
pound of coffee and boll it down to
one cupful, and drink it, it will kill
you, but no one proposes to prohibit
the use of coffee on this account
Apple cider left three "days in the
summer sun develops about six per
cent, alcohol The beer sold in the
United States contains only about five
per cent, alcohol. Whisky contains
from forty to fifty per cent, alcohol.
We sell in drug stores $75,000,000
worth ot patent medicines every year.
These contain from thirty to eighty
per cent, alcohol. Everybody usee
more or less alcohol. The housewife
cannot make her bread rise without
sugar, yeast and water, which ferments and produces alcohol.
Several millions of people believe
that It Is injurious to eat pork. Still
they have not proposed a law to prohibit the rest of us from eating it,
Tight lacing is generally accepted
as being injurious to tbe health of the
race, Btill no government has decided,
thus far, just how tight a woman
should lace. That tight lacing ls not
as common as formerly, ls not due to
any law on the subject, but to the
growing intelligence of our women.
The function of government, in regard to the health of its citizens,
should be that of providing health-giving environments and conditions together with good educational facilities.
The rest must depend upon the experience and education of the Individual.
Religious fanaticism and holy wars
have destroyed upward of fifteen millions of human lives. And yet the religionists who have made the pages
of history red with human gore say to
us, "You shall not have a glass of
beer, it may injure your health."
Intellectual Aspects.
We are told that the use of alcoholic
beverages retards the Intellectual development of the race and yet the people of Germany, who perhaps drlnlt
more beer than we do water, lead the
world in higher education and In the
high standards of their universities.
A student graduates from our best
American college and goes to Germany to do post graduate work; he
goes to Lelpsic or Dresden, Munich
or Heidelberg: he repalrB to a table
ln the shade of a tree and with a long
stem pipe, a stein of beer and a book
on theology, under the moBt favorable
circumstances, he begins to put the
finishing touches to his American education.
In spite of the large amount of beer
consumed by the German people, Germany ls the birthplace of modern philosophy and the school of modern experimental science. I do not say, however, that the consumption of beer in
Germany was the cause of the devel
opment of the philosophical German
mind, but I do affirm that it did not
prevent such development.
We are told that alcoholism produces insanity and therefore its use
should be prohibited.
In looking up the causes of insanity
given in the report of the California
State Commission of Lunacy for 1897-
98, I find 295 cases accredited to economic causes, and 378 cases to intemperance, alcoholism and dissipation.
My own opinion is that a majority
of the cases accredited to Intemperance would properly come under the
head of economic causes were all the
facts known.
1 find fifty cases attributed to religion. I would not therefore advocate
the prohibition ot religion as a cure
for religious insanity. The remedy
for both Intemperance and religious
'dementia is the same, "more education."
This same report also shows that of
lawyers, doctors and preachers, there
are 163 cases of insanity, while of
gamblerB and tramps ■ there were
only 7.
These figures speak for themselves,
still I do not think that to be a tramp
or a gambler is more useful than to
be a lawyer or a doctor.
There are today, laws, in every city
in the country, forbidding the selling
of liquors to minors on the ground that
a person should be old enough to have
a mind of his own before being allowed to patronize a saloon. I think
that is right, and the same kind of a
law ought to apply to the attendance
at church and Sunday school. No one
should be allowed to attend church or
Sunday school until old enough to
form his own judgments. A man may
be poisoned or drunk with alcohol tonight and sober again tomorrow; but
the poison of religious superstition or
fetish, inculcated in our minds from
early childhood has been the curse of
the ages and has retarded the intellectual development of the race more
than all other forces combined.
In an article in the July Cosmopolitan, 1909, Harold Bolce says: "Prof.
Boris Sidis, of the Pathological Institute of New York, who recently concluded a series of pathological experiments at Harvard is ruthlessly arrayed
against popular religion as expressed
in revivals, and his findings have been
endorsed by Prof. Wm. James in an
introduction to the former's published
report.   Prof. Sidis says in the report:
"Well may President Jordan of
Stanford University exclaim, 'Whisky,
cocaine and alcohol bring temporary
Insanity, and so does a revival of religion, one of these religious revivals
ln which men lose their reason and
self-control. This ls simply a form of
drunkenness and is no more worthy
of respect than the drunkenness that
lies in the gutter.' "
"Prof. Jordan," says the Harvard
psychologist, "was too mild in. his expression. Religious revivalism is a
social bane; it is more dangerous to
the life of society than drunkenness,
As a set man falls below the brute; as
a revivalist, he sinks lower than the
sot."
Crime and the Liquor Traffic.
We are told by the prohibitionist
that seventy-five per cent, of all crime
is caused by strong drink. There is
no statement of the prohibitionist further from the truth. Such a statement
shows an utter lack of knowledge as
to the cause of crime. Whoever heard
of a drunken man and his drunken
comrades holding up a railway train;
or robbing a bank? Did anyone ever
hear of a drunken footpad or highwayman?
Why is it that the footpad and the
holdup man appear ln great numbers
in the winter time and disappear altogether in the summer time? Is it because there is more beer consumed
in the winter than in the summer?
Certainly not. As a matter of fact
the large majority of all crimes committed are crimes against property
and are caused by social and Industrial conditions. Crime Is a social disease. This truth Is being gradually
realized by the whole world of scientific thought. The time is not far distant when all civilized governments
will recognize crime as a social disease and will treat all criminals in the
same manner as the insane.
In some communities where the
open saloon exists there is less crime
than in the communities of the same
population where there are no saloons.
This Ib due to the economic conditions
which produce the social environment
of these places.
Real Estate  Investments
Large fortunes havo been made by judicious investments in real estate and natural, resources on this
Western Const and in the vicinity of Vanoouver,
owing to the increasing social demand for these
things, occasioned by the large influx of population.
Larger fortunes will yet be made, but it requires more
money than formerly to handle them. Having had considerable experience in handling these propositions, I intend forming a limited liability company for the purpose,
and shall be pleased to forward further particulars to any
having large or small sums they are not using which may
possibly be lying at the bank depreciating in value.
W. W. Lefeaux, Broker
HoIIybara, West Vancouver, B.C.
I read In the paper the other day of
a sheep herder In Grand Junction, Col.,
who, becoming despondent through the
continued lack of employment, borrowed a shotgun and killed himself. If
he had had a little money he might
have taken the advice given in Proverbs 31:7: "Let him drink and forget his poverty and remember his
misery no more."
Crime, being a social disease, is the
result of transmitted and existing environments.
This environment is not produced
by the saloon but by the entire method
and object of economic production and
exchange. As a matter of' fact the
saloon often acts as a preventative of
crime. The strenuous life we are living in the United States; the struggle for existence in the world of labor
as well as that of business; the constant fear of hunger and want, has
developed a high nervous and mental
tension. This condition it is that
makes a place in society for "New
Thought," "Christian Science," "Don't
Worry Clubs," etc. On the other hand
we have the saloon, where the masses
meet one another, take a glass of beer,
and for the moment forget, and so
relax. It is all very well for the people
who live in elegant houses to talk
about shunning the saloon; they have
plenty of room, comfort and convenience at tome. It is quite different
with the working class, a large per
cent, of whom live in rooming houses,
double decker tenements, sometimes
as many as ten or twelve people in a
room.
The saloon is the only place open to
such people. Thus it happens that the
saloon has become not only the work-
ingman's club but his good room, his
front room, if you please, as welL The
worst saloon in the city furnishes a
roof for some poor man who didn't
have the price of a bed at the Salvation Army Barracks, and thereby possibly prevented him from holding you
up or breaking into your second story
window.
If we considered the violation of prohibitory laws as criminal we should
find that crime Increases in proportion
as we enact prohibition legislation.
There is an ancient Hebrew legend
which tells us that all sin and sorrow
and death in the universe was caused
by Eve eating of the fruit of the pro-
hlblted tree. It appears that as soon
as they were told that they could not
eat of the fruit of a certain tree, that
fruit at once became the only fruit
they desired. This characteristic seems
to be prevalent in human nature today. The prohibited book is the one
everyone wants to read; the prohibited
play cannot accommodate the crowds
that want to see it. Tha street speaker always has the largest crowds when
his freedom of speech is prohibited
By experience It would seem that any
attempt at prohibiting the knowledge,
sight or use of a thing only stimulates
the desire for the prohibited thing.
We have total prohibition of the liquor
traffic in eight StateB and according
to the internal revenue receipts the
amount of liquor consumed In those
States has not been reduced. Hence
the only difference between prohibi
tion States and non-prohibition States,
is in the legal and illegal consumption
of liquor and not in the amount con
sumed.
Moral Phases.
People cannot be made good or
moral by law. A hoodlum cannot be
made into a gentleman by the passage
of a city ordinance. Whatever is in
our own interest is moral to us, and
whatever is to the Interest of the dominant class in any society becomes
moral, legal and Just in that society.
After the bee by ItB labor and industry has gathered the honey together,
a bear comes along, discovers the
honey, sits up on his haunches and
begins to help himself. He smacks
his lips and says, "This is fine; this ls
good; this is moral." The bee would
say that the bear was a robber and
thoroughly Immoral. While the bear
Is thus engaged in devouring the
honey along comes a hunter, probably
Teddy the Terrible," and shoots the
bear. On examination he says, "This
Is fine meat, fine hide and a glorious
sport," but if the bear should talk he
would Bay, "This ts the most undesirable citizen in the world."
.Man is neither good nor bad, but he
is what he is, as the result of his environment. A saloon, a butcher shop
or a gosfel shop, are in themselves
neither good nor bad, but are what
they are as a result of the prevailing
mode of production and exchange of
the society in which they exist. Whatever is hellish or Immoral about either
of them is true of all of them. Sherman says, "War is hell." Billy Sunday
says, "Everything ls right in its place,
the saloon's place is in hell," Admiral
Swinburn, speaking at Berkeley under
the auspices of the State University,
said, "Business Is hell." It is in this
hell of business that the saloon, the
church and all other institutions of
today flnd themselves.
This, business hell, is the result ot
our system of production for profits
and is built on the exploitation of the
working class. Society is divided into
classes. The exploiter and the exploited. The skinner and the skinned.
The Republican believes in the skinning game on the wholesale, i.e., trust
plan. The Democrats oppose the trust
plan of skinning and believe in taking
only a little of the skin at a' time.
The Prohibitionist and Anti-Saloon
League not only believe In the skin
game, but claim that if we were sober
we would be easier to skin and have
better hide. We are told by the Anti-
Saloon League that the saloon is the
cause of what is known as the red
light district ln every town. I say
that the Anti-Saloon League is just as
much responsible for the existence of
the red light district as the saloon.
Just as long as child life is exploited
and turned into dollars and dlmeB, just
as long as girls and young women employed in shops 'and factories and department stores are paid a wage which
Is less than the cost of the standard of
life required of them, there will be
prostitution. And for myself I have
more sympathy for the working girl
who has been driven into prostitution
by the sheer force of economic necessity than I have for any minister of
the gospel who votes for the system
of exploitation that forces her there.
It is not the traffic ln beer or butter
that has produced the immorality and
degradation of society, but rather the
wage system, which is a traffic ta the
bodies and souls of men and women;
a traffic in boyhood and girlhood, and
no man who stands for this traffic,
whether he be layman or prelate,
knows anything of what I call morality.
The abolition of the saloon will not
eliminate the red light district nor reduce the amount of human degradation.
(Continued in next issue)
REGINA, SASK.
Comrade:—
We had a well-attended meeting in
the Trades Hall tonight (Sunday), in
spite of a wet night, when Comrade
Bruce spoke on the "Class Struggle"
and drew forth a good live discussion.
We sold several doses of dope ln the
form of pamphlets and obtained two
subs for the Clarion. The local capitalist hirelings are preparing a new
voters' list so we may expect them
again appealing to the noble working
mules for their votes and Influence
soon. But we shall make things a lit
tie more awkward this trip and take
the chance of spreading the message
of revolution.
Yours,
B. SIMMONS.
THE SLAVE.
(Apologies to Kipling.)
A slave there was aad he toiled all
day,,
Even as you and I—
For a rag and a meal and a bed of hay
(Our "standard of living," I heard him
say),
'Twas all he could buy with his meagre
pay,
(Even as you and I.)
Oh! the years he slaved, and the cents
he saved
Were few and far between;
Instead of drinking like a sot,
He bought a sixty by thirty lot,
Where   the   grass   was   sometimes
green.
A fool there was and he bent his back,
Even as you and I—
To earn enough to build a shack,
To throw the landlord off his back,
And throw the lean wolf off his, track
Even as you and I.
And the cash he lost and the pains lt
cost,
And the glorious time he planned
All went to the class who own the
means,
The   land,   and   money,   and   mighty
machines,
Who laughed  at  the slave, and  his
foolish dreams,
And cannot understand.
A slave there was who grew old and
grey
(Even as you and I),
Too old for a job, he got no pay,
His   shack   and   lot   soon   dwindled
away—
To his grave he went in the slavish
way
(Even as you and I).
THE  ARRIVAL.
THINGS IN GENERAL.
A working man who spends a lot of
his time in the house reading, thinking or studying, is called a lazy man
both hy the rich, by the preachers and
by' his neighbors who have not the
brains to know better. The preachers
and the rich say he will never prosper, etc., hence the hymn, "Work for
the Night is Coming." "Go work in
my vineyard," etc. (emphasis on the
imperative). It is always some one
else, and never themselves, whom they
order to WORK, or run down because
they are studious, and therefore,
"lazy." It is quite evident that anything other than MANUAL work is
called "laziness." Well, how do the
preachers and the Idle rich and all
their hangers-on excuse themselves?
Socialism will give that bunch their
medicine in allopathic doses.
When we analyze religion we find
that the whole object of it is to inculcate SLAVE IDEAS into the minds
of the people. So we turn it down as
unfit for human consumption.
A rational system of distribution
would cut out many values which are
now considered as absolutely necessary to be incorporated into commodities because of the clumsy operations
of the capitalist (profit) system. These
values (necessary now, but unnecessary when we get Socialism running
things) make cost of production run
up sky-high. A little dealer may be
standing In his feed and grain store
and never sell any grain or feed for
three or four daj'B, so his idleness has
to equal three or four days of the
farmer's hard work sowing the grain,
etc. Of the two, probably the dealer
lives away better than the farmer,
even though he have these bad days
when no sales are made. And his
idleness—having to be paid for—gets
Incorporated into the cost of producing the grain and feed, necessarily
raising the cost. Things are always
higher at the little store because of
extra cost of production.
RETORT COURTEOUS.
There are some in our party who
say that religion is a private matter
or that it belongs to the realm of
metaphysics, and so they say let It
remain where it belongs and don't
bring it Into politics. I cannot agree.
I know that religion is—nearly, if not
—the chief way in which the great
majority of people are misinformed
and misguided, so that by worshipping
a deity they neglect the claims of their
fellow beings and sure enough become
soft, easy prey for the master class
(on earth). We should not want either
our minds or our bodies enslaved if
we would be free. Religion ls master
and slave ethics from start to finish.
Socialists that know anything are
down on it.
Socialism—strange as it may seem—
will bring about individual independence, and perfect individual freedom
as we cannot dream of at present.
And no wonder that a well-informed
Socialist hates to -be treated as a
slave who ls to obey his masters, on
the instant, .even though his masters
be HIS OWN LOCAL. Each one of
us has his own personal make-up
which haB to be considered, or ought
to be considered by any bunch whom
he ls serving. I hate the whole damned slave class for their Ignorance on
matters of vital Importance; but being one of the slaves, I have to take
a slave's portion, and cap only become
free when my class becomes free.
Cut out the "free will" rubbish and
consider an individual's, economic interest and make that identical with
the party's interest and the individual
will not go far astray. .Make him feel
that the party's interest is the highest
one he can serve.
"Practice what you preach" is'logic,
and it pales into insignificance before
science, as science shows where all
the barriers come in to prevent practice for sometimes a long period of
time after we are able to preach. We
have to overcome all those barriers
and obstacles before we are able to
PRACTICE what we can now preach.
Logic often falls before science. A
professor of poultry science was lecturing in our burg and he said on long
experience that to get the best layers,
keep the strain pure. I asked how he
came to say that, as it was well proven that with the human family a
CROSS between two nationalities was
generally productive of a large family
of offspring. Why did not the same rule
apply to poultry? He said that his
experience was a long one? and the
rule applying to people did not apply
to poultry. Then I was aware that
again logic had fallen before scientific
fact.
I met a young man a few days ago
and began talking to him about work
and politics, and although I gave him
the straight dope, he declared he was
quite contented with things as they
are. He said he could go out and
earn enough in three months to live
the rest of the year and did not care
a pin about what other folks could or
could not do. He had always had to
work hard at any job he was at, and
always expected to. When I pointed
out that he was single and could pos-
sit-ly live ta a 2x4 shack and had no
expenses, and that a married man
could not pull even at the end of each
year, though on steady work, he said,
Let the married men fight their own
battles. I can live single and am contented with things as they are." He
said if he wanted a wife, a prostitute
was good enough for him for a short
time. Comrades, is it not astonishing
how low-down in the scale some people
can get, and yet be human? This fellow had a low brow and a thin face
and looked as If a little better environment was the one, thing needful, yet
he himself did not want it. Like a
hog,—contented with swill and a' sty,—
and allow his owners to consume' his
carcass by the profit system method,
caring naught for anything better.
P. ROSOMAN.
Comrade Editor,—In answer to my
few remarkB on Mr. H. Macdonald's
talk in the Forum building, I have seen
by the issue of 631 of the Clarion he
has quite a lot to say.
Let mo hasten again to assure anybody who is at all anxious that I have
quite recovered from the shock, and
am looking for great things from the
Fabians in future. Of course I did
not know Mr. Maedonald was a
Fabian; it was his ardent defense of
the Fabian Society that caused me to
make a guess, and as It happened, I
was correct. No denial of the actual
statements has been made except a
slip in one word which seems to me
to make little difference. ,
"Our Champion" that was, remarks'
that the readero of the Clarion can,
manage pretty well without his ald.J
and I think they can, for if it would j
be news to him, the pro and con ofl
"robbed at the point of production"
has been many times taken up in Toronto.   However, later on he says there
Is much poverty ta the knowledge of
economics among the "leaders" of the
organized   Socialist;   movement,  even
down to Local No. 24.   But Local No,
24 with all their poverty of knowledge
would  have  some trouble  to get  tc
this.
The Fabian Society also poses as )
Socialist organization, for we are tol<
that this society "consists of Social
ists." It is indeed composed of "mic
die-class" men who naturally deny th
class struggle, profess to believe i.
permeating the capitalist class witl
Socialism and hold that the tendenc.
of society is towards government b;
expert. Fabianism therefore tends to
wards the rule of the bureaucrats, o
that section of the educated middle
class. The Fabians are the cult o
the civil service, and are Socialist!
neither In name nor tn fact. When
ever they take part in elections the;
run as Progressives (Liberals) or a
anything but Socialists. This ls foi
tunate for Socialism. Fabianism, tha
peculiarly British product, is merelj
a manifestation of the intellectua
bankruptcy of the capitalist class, ant
can be left to Its own devices.—S. P
G. B. Manifesto.
As for a definition of Socialism, this
suits me: "The establishment of t
system of society based upon the com
mon ownership and democratic control
of the means and instruments for pro
ducing and distributing wealth, by anc
ta the interest of the whole commun
ity."
The question as to what the Fabians
had accomplished, and how it would oi
was benefitting the working class, was
asked by someone else in the audience
and no doubt was prompted by the
speaker saying, "The Fabians had ac
cbmpllshed many things."
Mr. Maedonald gives the Fabian
view of the Lloyd George Budget,
Does the budget spur on the downfall
of capitalism? Methinks it places the
capitalist class more firmly and more
comfortably In the saddle, and helpt
to hoodwink quite a large number thai
the Liberal Party are the friends oi
the working class. '
As the master class has the power
we have reforms of all kinds whether
we want them or not, and yet when
are the "real reforms," I want t<
know?
What has the S. P. of C. accom
pllshed? It has brought into line i
number of workers who are determin
ed to the best of their ability to show
their fellow workers their position It
capitalist society, and by eventually
obtaining political power to win for
themselves the wealth they produce;
Mr. Maedonald may be able to reconcile his position with Marxian economics to his own satisfaction;' such a
thing is possible among a free anc
easy bunch such as the Fabians ap
pear to be.
There are no "leaders" that I am
aware of in the S. P. of C, and those]
who have ever heard of Spargo's
"Marginal Utility" theory don't seem
to worry much. In Boudln's "Theoret-I
ical System of Karl Marx" can be,
found most of the questions and answers to the professors.
With the working class realizing its
position, it won't stop to discuss the'
"Marginal Utility" theory, but wlll
usher in a new order where slavery
shall be no more, and freedom more
than a name.
W. GREEN.
Going to church and SINGING,
Rescue the Perishing," is on a par
with praying for a tree to fall when
you are too lazy to take an, axe and
chop lt down. All the singing ta the
world won't rescue the perishing, but
Socialism will.
Nearly all the social evils of today
have their origin in capitalism (the
profit system, which robs the many
and greatly enriches the few). It is
therefore very plain to see that Socialism which will give all an equal opportunity to work and live will do away
with those evils, and so it might be
called the PANACEA for all that society Buffers from. Why don't .you
study It, and then preach it and vote
lt?
R. ROSOMAN.

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