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Western Clarion May 22, 1909

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Array this is  ron
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, May 22, 1909.
6TJb*fription Price   Ai  f|fl
PBK VUI wKUl
THE LONG ARM OF
THE LITTLE FATHER
Editor Clarion,—
In the Vancouver "Daily Province"
of May 10th last, the following short
paragraph was Inserted in an inconspicuous position:
"Winnipeg, May 10.—It Is rumored
here that an organized movement has
been ordered by the Czar of Russia
to extradite all Russian political offenders now in Western Canada."
Last year Rothschild's puppet, King
Edward, visited the Russian cutthroat
ln St. Petersburg. Is it too far-fetched
to infer that tbe negotiations that
then took place Included a provision
that, in return for certain privileges
or concessions to the financial and industrial barons of England, the Czar
should have the privilege accorded
him of removing to Russia those comrades of ours (and foes of his), who
have sought shelter in British countries from the unspeakable cruelties
of Nicholas the Damned and his angels—the Cossacks, police and Black
Hundreds?
I am no believer In the cry bo zealously raised on every occasion an excuse offers, that British courts of "justice" are the purest and most incorruptible on earth. I believe they are
now and always will be what they and
all other capitalist institutions always
have been, and had to be, viz., the instruments of the ruling class of the
British Empire to maintain order in
their own ranks, guard their own Interests and terrorize and subjugate
the workers.
Recent events in Manitoba (1 refer
to the cases of the Plumbers' Union
and the molders, machinists and blacksmiths, who have been assessed a
total of $75,000, the latter body having
an injunction permanently fastened on
them fn addition) seem to me to witness to the determination of our ruling class to take a leaf out of the
book of their brothers across the line,
and use the Canadian courts more
often to guard their interests, when
the workers show a determination to
attack them. Up to the present time
they have not used this weapon In so
naked and flagrant a fashion as It has
been used of recent years In the
"land of the free' 'to the south of us,
but after a few tentative efforts they
seem to be screwing up their courage,
and in the near future we shall probably get plenty of examples of undiluted British "justice."
The network of modern capitalism
is today international. So involved,
complex and sensitive is Its machinery
that the capitalists of no one nation
can afford to Ignore or underestimate
the importance of the Internal peace
of any other country. We need not
go far for an illustration to prove
this. One billion dollars of American
money Is Invested In the wretched
peons of Mexico. Ground down to the
limit of endurance by the tyranny of
Diaz, these workers are dreaming of
revolt. Pursued, hunted, threatened
with death if captured, many of their
organizers and leaders have escaped
(or so they thought) to the United
States. Are they safe? Let Manuel
Sarabia answer, and the one hundred
and sixty of his comrades who have
been caught and delivered to the Mexican murderer by one detective
agency alone.
If those wretched victims of capitalism successfully revolted, what
would become of the dividends from
that billion dollars of American
money? The American bourgeois,
cute man as he is, sees the point as
soon as it is presented to him, and
affords every facility to Diaz ln rounding up and transporting back to Mexico these gallant leaders of the forlorn hope of Mexico's oppressed workers.
What matterB lt if those dividends
are the congealed blood and tearB o*
Mexico's people? The blood and tears
of men, women and children are no
strange sight, and any uncomfortable
eensatlons produced by them disappear In the contemplation of a rapidly
growing bank account. "Help Diaz?
,Why, certainly!" And forthwith
courts  and  police are  instructed  to
afford the Fiend of Mexico every facility and assistance In capturing the
objects of his hate.
I do not know how much of British
and American capital is invested in
Russia, but it must be an enormous
amount. The same motives, the same
arguments, the same class-conscious
reasoning, appeals to the British capitalist as to his American prototype.
RuBsia in a state of turmoil, slaves
fighting Instead of working, the consequent diminution In the amount and
frequency of dividends, the uncertainty of life and property (dear property!) is a condition of affairs that is
not conducive to the peace of mind of
John Bull, with several score millions
of pounds invested in the Russian
market. Therefore he brings pressure to bear upon the rulers of Russia to restore "law and order," enforce the subjugation of the working
class and at the same time grant a
few of the demands of the rising capitalist class in Russia, in order that
"industry" may have a better chance
to appropriate dividends. The Czar
replies by pointing out that he has
pretty well got the revolution squashed and disorganized just now and that
the most troublesome of the revolutionists are not in Russia, but in other
countries, including England and her
colonies, from whence it is difficult
to remove them, owing to the absurd
conduct of the courts, which have exhibited a strange stupidity by insisting
upon the requirements of out-of-date
laws being complied with. So long as
these agitators are enjoying John
Bull's protection while they are organizing and working for the downfall of the Czar, there can be no peace
in Russia, and no dividends for John
Bull.
So, apparently, hearty, fat, jolly
John Bull, the traditional "friend of
liberty and foe to tyranny," who has
so often boasted of his house as being the "city of refuge" for the hunted
and oppressed of all nations, until he
believed it actually was so, honest
John Bull is now going to throw off
the mask of hypocrisy and announce
to the world and his wife that the
courts are his and that he intends to
use them to further his interests (as
he has always done and always lied
about doing). Henceforth let no Russian fugitive from the "Little Father's"
attentions expect a respite from his
sufferings in any land under the shadow of the union jack. For the sake
of profits, tills obese old hypocrite, who
is tacitly accepted by the British capitalist as his class-type, is willing, like
his kind the world over, that Russian
streets shall run knee-deep In the
blood of Russian workers, that Russian prisons shall shake with the
shrieks and cries of the tortured men
and outraged women of Russia's working class, and that any who have
sought refuge with him from that Inferno shall be hunted down and delivered up to the agents of the Czar;
thrown back Into the torture chamber.
Let the cost ln human blood and
agony be what it may, so long as the
god of profit is appeased, all will be
well with his votarieB, the pillars of
capitalist society.
Somebody certainly must have blundered, or that paragraph would not
have appeared. "The best laid plans
of mice and men gang aft aglcy," and
we of the Socialist Party of Canada
now have the opportunity of showing
our Russian comrades how practical
is our sympathy for them in their
heroic struggle, by doing all that lies
in our power to frustrate this diabolical plot so opportunely revealed. It
Is up to each one of us now to be on
the qui vive for the first sign of an
attempt on the part of our masters
to carry out their intention. When
the opportunity comes for us to show
that we are In very truth a portion
of the International Socialist Party,
let us not fail to make good. Let us
see that the workingmen and women
of Canada be fully Informed of the
hellish plot concocted by this gang
of respectable sandbaggers and tbe
motives actuating lt, by public meet
ings, writing to the daily press and
energetic demands on "our" members
at Ottawa that these gallant comrades
of ours be not delivered up to death
for the crime of loving liberty. If,
when the opportunity is given us, we
fail in our duty, the name of the Socialist Party of Canada will be a byword and brand of reproach ln the
eyes of the world's proletariat, and
rightly so.
Yours for the revolution,
J. H. B.
POINTED PARS.
The key to the philosophy of Capitalism is the philosophy of Socialism.—E. Untermaun.
•   «   •
Every workingman should make a
study of his exact position in society,
so as to be able to use his vote in his
own interest and safeguard himself
against all political tricksters and orators.
• » »
The upshot of the first French Revolution, through the workers' lack of
knowledge, was, that when Napoleon
Bonaparte came upon the scene, they
were whooping and yelling, "Long
live the Emperor," before they knew
exactly why, and his vaulting ambition cost France five million lives. Her
cities and villages were peopled with
women. All men and young boys—every man fit to carry arms, had gone
a soldering!
»   •   •
There has never been any quarrel
between two nations so bitter as to
prevent their respective governments
uniting their forces for keeping the
working class of either in subjection.
• • •
Mr. Workingman your interest lies
in setting yourself fre from the bondage of wage-labor—you want the
whole thing, not wages!
• • •
The world-wide unrest of the proletariat striving for its freedom is too
great   to   receive  either    praise    or
blame from any man or any organization.
• • •
The "bourgeoisie can no longer monopolise service exclusively for their
own profit, It has developed beyond
their power to hold It In their own
service.
• •   •
Science leads to Socialism, it shall
now serve the working man and woman to lighten their labors that the
bread and butter question shall no
longer be the one all absorbing problem of their lives.
• •   •
If every worker received the full
equivalent for work performed, there
would be no chance for the labor skinner to live upon others' efforts; hence
the rooted antipathy of the "respectable" class to Socialism,
• •   »
The time is rotten-ripe now for every man and woman to become undesirable citizens as speedily as possible; your material Interests demand
it.
• •   «
Tne man who is seeking what is
called a political career, or to become a labor-leader, is representing
no one but himself. He is merely on
the side of the biggest dollar,
• •   •
There Is scarcely a hobo trailing his
legs in the west but is spreading the
message of Socialism.
* *   •
It is generally conceded that there
are a million hoboes In North America. Where are the hoboesses, O you
sainted priests and pastors? If you
will fight the fight of the working
class in the class war, the wealthy
aren't come to any harm either with
you or without you.
"Business'' is a respectable word applied to the well-known process of labor robbing.
* *   •
Labor is entitled to all lt produces!
THE FO'C'S'LE BARRISTER.
VALUE OF VIGOROUS
UNEMPLOYED AGITATION
PROPAGANDA ZEAL
OF CITY OFFICIALS
Realizing the I (ineffectiveness of Purely Academic and
Theoretical Discussion City Officials of Vancouver Take
to Clinch the Arguments of Socialist Street Speakers By
"Propaganda of the Deed."
Everyone who has had experience
along the line of arousing the workers to a realization of the slavish position they occupy in capitalist society and stirring them to action In
defence of their own class interests,
Imows how difficult It is to attain results in any manner encouraging,
through mere academic or theoretical discussion. Like the man from
'Missouri," the average workingman
must be shown. He must have some
concrete expression of a truth before
he will accept it. Though speakers
and writers galore may explain to
him that government from top to hot
torn is a means whereby the ruling
class enforces its domination and
ownership of the working class, it
must be demonstrated to him In such
a manner that he can feel It before
he will believe it. A few cracks over
the head by a policeman's baton, or
a term in the "cliaingang," will afford more convincing argument than
the combined verbosity and erudition
of all the soapboxers that ever sawed the air.
Carrall street, ln this city, around
the vicinity of Hastings and Cordova
has long been dedicated to the use
of street speakers, si reel. faket'B and
Salvation Army vaudeville. Peddlers
of ointment for the body or balm for
the soul, have been free lo dispose of
their wares, and he who fancied himself possessed of a message to be delivered to his fellows, either relating
to mundane or heavenly matters, has
been at liberty to get it off his chest
at thiB favored spot. Ab far as we
know, the only person who has felt
particularly aggrieved over the doings around this particular locality is
the master of the infernal regions,
whom report hath it is much annoyed because of the raucous noises produced from the Instrumenls manipulated by the S. A. vaudeville artists.
Evidently realizing the inefficiency
of the Socialist propaganda carried on
at this point, the city officials have
recently taken the necessary measures to make it properly effective.
In other words, they have suddenly
become zealous and active in such
"propaganda of the deed," as will
clinch the arguments of the soapbox
orator and drive his truths home In
the mind of the wage animal whose
hide has hitherto been impervious to
the shafts of argument and reason.
Not long since six workingmen who
were addressing the workers at the
corner of Carrall and Hastings street
were ordered to disperse themselves
into circumjacent space. Refusing to
do so, their names were taken by the
cop delegated to open up the new propaganda. The next day they were
summoned before the "beak." One
was fined five dollars. The others
were dismissed for the reason that
the magistrate was not sure of having made a correct guess as to Ihe
innocence or guilt of the first, one.
The matter was then passed up to
the Supreme Court, where a similar
guess was made to that of the police
court. The five dollar fine was then
paid. Also the coxts of making both
guesses.
The next individual with the gall to
get up on that comer to speak to the
workers was haled into court and
soaked $100.    This time It being no
(Continued on Page 4)
No one who has regard for their
fame as an unprejudiced observer,
would, in this day and generation,
deny the strength of the Socialist
movement. That the working class
are being merged together by a compact which bids fair to obviate the
action of the various disintegrating
factors, which have heretofore been
effective in keeping us divided; no one
will deny. The power of class consciousness to abate race hatred and
destroy religious bigotry and prejudice had long been demonstrated by
the strength of the master class,
which, though now numerically, physically and mentally Incomparably
weaker than the present slave class,
have nevertheless ruled the roost
these past hundred years, simply because they were united and we were
divided. Now that we are uniting,
capitalism and slavery trembles at its
base. "A house divided against itself
cannot stand" Is true now as ever, and
particularly is this true when a united
house is contending with it for some
advantage.
Lewis said In one ot his inimitable
lectures, that we could understand the
long life of tribal communism when
we examined its social structure and
found lt contained "no private property, no class division, no unemployed problem." Any society possessed
of such Irritating elements is necessarily destined to change in the natural course of events. Whether for
better or worse is a moot point; but
that the change must come Is beyond
peradventure.
The character of capital and the
condition of its development demands
a world-wide market and international
commercial relations. This created
class solidarity on the part of the
master class, irrespective of Imaginary boundary lines or religious faiths.
But capitalism "produces its own
grave diggers," and every weapon
which it forges Is finally turned
against Itself. In lata years the enormous strides which capitalism has taken, required above all things a mobile
working class. To exploit the vast
resources of this western continent,
lt was necessary to have a much larger army than one country could supply, and we now find all sorts and
conditions of men working side by
side In every country dominated by
capitalism. Ab the British lert Britain to seek better conditions of labor
or to settle upon free (?> land In
new count lies, the Pole and Slav took
his place, and latterly ere he had left.
This at first bred ill-feeling, but with
a knowledge of the capitalist system,
ill-feeling gave way to comradeship,
and racial hatred to class consciousness; not everywhere, but sufficiently
general to produce, with other causes,
the  International  Socialist  movement.
This spirit has not escaped the eye
of the watchdogs of capitalism, although not all are so foolish as Roosevelt to suppose that the walls of class-
consciousness are going to fall down
before a blast of hot air.
What troubles them most, however,
is their own Impotency in the presence of a creature of their own creation. The unemployed problem everywhere cries for solution. Capitalism
cannot assure its slaves a living; "it
has to feed them instead of being fed
by them."
Our comrades of the Socialist
Standard are very much incensed because the S. D. P. are demanding a
Bolution to the unemployed problem.
They are, of course, In closer touch
with the S. I). P. than I, yet If I may,
while thoroughly conscious of my disadvantage, I should like to Impress
upon our Canadian comrades that
Hyndman, Quclch, etc.. are not such
fools as the S. P. of G. B. would have
It appear. The pressing of a solution
to any problem which afflicts mankind
is not folly; It Is when we struggle
for It as an end instead of as a means
to an end that the cap and bells may
be justly awarded to the strugglers.
If my memory serves me right,
Hyndman and Quelch have always
taken this position;    The unemployed
problem is the most acute symptom o
diseased society; society cannot solVi
it and maintain its capitalist form
Therefore, by continual agitation fo
its solution, the workers will be fort
ed to recognize the Impotency ot r«
form, and consequently turn to revc
lutlon. The class struggle Is a seen
lng abstraction which may for a tlm
be obscured by jingoism or some othe
sentimental form of social lunacy; bu
there Is no power on earth can cot
vlnce the wage slave,-who has vatal,
pursued a boss, and who has fouoj
everywhere men similarly situate*
that the unemployed problem exist
only in the«tuain of designing agiti
tors. He may have his doubts as t
the class struggle, he may have neve
heard of its existence, but he can at
test to the unemployed problem, am
no amount of sophistry can shake ht
convictions.
That the agitation of the S. D. I
Is having Bome effect, coupled, e
coarse, with the acuteness of th
problem Itself, we can observe, froi
the Loyd George budget, in which I
would appear the insurance scheme I
considered sufficient to remedy th
evil. All the stock argument agalne
the common ownership of the mean
of life, may be used with equal tore
against this scheme. But an attemt
to remedy the trouble short of the Si
cialist remedy, must fail, and the m
employed must turn somewhere els
for relief. That they will turn t
the Socialist party goes without saj
lng.
Not only is the Government takini
up this question; we have man;
others, General Humbug Booth lt
particular. We also have a growlni
literature on the subject. The tales
is by a W. H. Beveridge, who make
the amazing discovery that, "to enabi
men to wait for the demand, the
must have reserve emergencies; the
must not be living from hand t
mouth." But as this "hand to mouth
condition is the very basis of capita
ism, it is obvious that it cannot b
cured under this system. That Be\
eridge has not studied the problem a
first hand may be observed from th
following:    "To be nble to follow de
(Continued on Page 2)
COMRADES,  ATTENTIONI
~
Owing lo the lack of a Provlncla
Executive In the Maritime Provincei
and realizing that ihe people are rip
for organization, the comrades c
lyocal Albert have Instructed me t
appeal to Canadian Socialists to dl
doivn and provide "sillei s > that Con
rude Grlbble may be kept in the Eas
for some time.
Comrades, you can't merely disinis
this appeal by saying, "Aw, let ther
look after their own provinces." Yo'
must act, for so long as we ln the Eas
are In economic darkness, we fette
you. You cannot attain the Soda
revolution without us. We must al
kick together.
New Brunswick and Nova Scotl:
are ripe for Socialism. There is dls
content everywhere and we must leai
that discontent into Intelligent chan
nels. In order to do this we mus
have money, money, money. Our ot
ganization in these provinces Is weal
as yet and we must call for help
Don't let our call be lu vain, com
rades. "Shell out!" Remember tha
it is for the Social revolution, th<
emancipation  of  the workers.
We appeal to you. comrades of On
tario. Manitoba, Alberta and Brltlsl
Columbia. We are few and our worl
is slow and discouraging. We neei
your support, both moral and financial
for a time, in order that we may buili
up our movement. Two months' worl
on the part of Organizer (Jrlbble wll
set us on our feet. Help us to keej
him at work, comrades. Send aloni
your dimes, quarters and dollars t<
the undersigned. All contribution!
Will be acknowledged In the Clarloi
and Cotton's.
Yours In the revolution,
ROSCOE  A.  FILLMORB
Albert, N. B. THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
8ATURDAY,   MAY 22,   1909.
h to Qui
Published every Saturday by tho
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af tha Western Clarion, Tlaok Blook
Baaement, 186 Hastings atraat, Vancouver, a a
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SATURDAY,  MAY  22,   1909.
THE SILVER  LINING.
One of the chief reasons against the
return of Prosperity, who has several
times been billed to appear, but has
as often failed to show up, Is the collapse of "our" Oriental markets. The
wherefore of this collapse a bourgeois
.economist has discovered, and has set
/forth thuswise, according to the Lit-
•erary Digest:
"flinco 1896, owing to the metallc In-
-"•fla'ion of our currencies occasioned by
■ the abundance of the new gold supplies, gold prices (and wages) in the
West have been rising with unexampled rapidity, while silver prices and
wages in the Orient have slightly receded.   This price condition must of
Itself greatly contract the purchasing
power of the Asiatic from gold-standard  countries;   but,  when  to this  is
added the fact that there has been also
an unprecedented fall in the exchange
value of his money, a fall of almost
-30 per cent, ln the past twenty months,
is it wonderful that our export trades
to Asia should be In a state of collapse and that the 'open door' of Asia
is now a door that opens only outward?
Ci.ly     thirty-five   years   ago   the
Hongkong Exchange on London was
four shillings and twopence; today it
is one and ninepence.   Let me translate this statement from Its financial
vernacular for the man in the street.
A few years ago, then, when a Chinaman wanted to buy English cottons, he
bought ten sovereigns—that ia, a bill
of exchange for ten pounds on London,
-with thirty-one of his silver taels. To-
•••day, while his labor and his products
bring bim no more taels than in 1873,
he must give seventy-seven taels for
■this same bill of exchange    for    ten
pounds.    Is lt any wonder then that
notwithstanding the splendid efficiency
of the American  railroad  service  to
the Pacific and America's lines of well-
equipped   steamships,   yet   American
-exports to the Orient languish—so that
San Francisco and Seattle,   Portland
and Vancouver, which should be emporiums for a vast growing trade with
Asia,  must  content themselves  with
a mere coastwise business.   Such then
Is the position; to each fresh fall in
silver as by an electric contact the
manufacturing activities  of  Asia  respond; we have seen the mills in Bombay and on the Hugli, the boot mills
of Cawnpore, a thousand scattered factories throughout China and Japan fostered into profitable life by lower and
■ever lower exchanges.    It is not too
much  to affirm that ln thirty  years
England has seen the entire charac
ter of her trade with Asia revolutionized.   The houses of hei  great merchant princes who formerly imported
into Asia the fabrics of England and
of Europe are largely ln liquidation or
have now become exporters instead of
importers."
But there is a silver lining to this
cloud also, and if our capitalists will
but rise to the occasion we may expect another "era of unparalled pros-
. parity"—for them.   Here's how:
"In 1873, the sovereign was worth
In exchange with China about three
taels, and three taels then paid for
s one day the wages of twenty-five Chin-
■ amen; but now the sovereign is worth
■ nearly eight taels, and wages being no
'. higher, the sovereign exchanged into
the currency ot China now pays the
wages for one day of sixty Chinamen.
" la there any doubt that American cap-
' ltalist captains of industry will, in the
next few years, take advantage of such
exchange conditions?  It is well known
' that in the Chinese province of Shansl
there are vast beds of coal and iron
ore aa in Alabama In close proximity;
' that region Is an ant-heap of willing
unorganized labor, which will be as
potter's clay to the hand of a modern
trust. ... It requires little Imagination to foresee that the day Is near
.when the United States Steel Corporation will be a great exporter even to
American shores of rails rolled in
their own mills in Shansl."
Here is a problem for our good
friends who would exclude yellow labor, for which the only solution we
can suggest Is that a movement be
started in China for the exclusion of
white capital,
Time brings Its own revenges, they
say, and it would be highly appropriate
If, after all the pother we have heard
of "Oriental markets for our products," we should become an Occidental
market for Oriental products.
What an lrrldlscent dream for the
fat bourgeoisie. Thirty or forty docile
slaves to be had for the price of one
now no longer as docile as he ought
to be. Would not our eminent patriots embrace Confucianism and wear
pigtails for this and forever extol the
virtues of John Chinaman? What
bliss to flood the world with a deluge
of commodities made upon a silver
basis to be sold on a gold basis!
Tariffs? Tariffs are a fine thing
when "our" infant Industries have to
be protected from the consumer at
home with his rapacious demand for
cheapness, but when our own rulers
are ln the business Importing hither
instead of exporting hence, what of
the tariff? Will it not have a short
shrift?
And what of our white proletariat?
Why, living on China-made cheap
wares they will be able to work for
about three lead dimes a day, and
everything will be lovely.
However, there is one obstacle ln
the way and that Is that the heathen
Chinee has no Idea of government.
He has no government. True, there
is an Imperial family descended from
Heaven and a Manchu aristocracy,
evidently raised in Hell, also an army
and navy maintained chiefly for pecu-
latlve purposes. But even these as
a government are a polite fiction, and
a very polite one at that; far too
suave to deny you anything, far too
sagacious to give you anything, and
far too decrepit to guarantee you anything. An altogether impossible government from the capitalist standpoint. It collects taxes when and
where it can, because it must, or
perish. And that Is almost the sum
total of its activity. Beyond that lt
figures in the daily life of the myriads
of interior China not at all. They
have no government. Their government died centuries ago, but they are
not yet aware of the fact. Their lives
are ordered by laws that have become
customs and habits, and by these
alone. They have no municipal councils, no police magistrates, not even
any police .
Our economist might well describe
them as "unorganized." They are unorganized with a vengeance, and in a
manner that bodes little good to those
who attempt to organize them into a
modern wealth-producing proletariat
It would be necessary to inform them
of the decease of their government; to
break the rule of habit and custom;
and when doing that, it would be
mighty handy to have some other
strong rule to take Its place, for they
are ln millions.
Let the bourgeois awaken China by
all means; lt may not be quite pleasant for the bourgeois, but it promises
to be exciting.
THE  VANCOUVER   SCRAP.
Things are warming up nicely in
Vancouver. Last Saturday our valued friend and propagandist, the
Court, fined T. M. Beamish, who describes himself as a "real estate
shark," $100 for free-lancing on the
street corner.
Comrade H. Norman also undertook
to announce a meeting to a large
crowd that had been gathered by a
religious freak, and a summons Is out
for him, but at time of writing had
not been served. Be tt noted that the
police looked on calmly while the
servant of the Lord was holding forth.
On Monday the 17th a meeting was
held In the City Hall which, despite
only a few hours' advertising, was
packed to the doors and overflowed.
On Tuesday Comrade English took
the soap-box on the usual corner. After he had been speaking for half an
hour to a good crowd, the law thrust
itself into the crowd in the shape of
four policemen and a sergeant. The
latter broke the news to Comrade
English that he had to get down and
separate himself from the crowd,
which he flatly refused to do, whereat the crowd applauded enthusiastically. The sergeant, then commanded
the crowd to disperse, a command
that was received with a defiant and
derisive howl. When requested Comrade English declined to furnish any
information as to his name, whereupon the crowd became more enthusiastic. The sergeant appeared quite
non-plussed at this turn of affairs and
looked decidedly uncomfortable. Evidently there was nothing in his Instructions to meet such an emergency
and he was wishing he was somewhere
else. Again he commanded the obstreperous speaker to begone, and
again met with another refusal
and another howl from the crowd.
The sergeant turned to the largest of his satellites, "Will you take
him," he murmured. "No," growled
that luminary; and the law turned
round and retired ln good order to
return no more that evening. Which
was wise. The meeting then continued peaceably for an hour and a half,
several  speakers participating.
On Wednesday morning, in the
Police Court, after the usual drunks
had been disposed of, an old woman
had been terrified for the heinous offence of allowing a band of ravenous
chickens to run loose, and the long-
stocking secretary of the S. P. C. A.
had yanked a shabby old expressman
up for driving a lame horse (the witness for the defence was a blacksmith
who was also lame but whose case
had not attracted the attention of the
said kind-hearted society), Comrade
Norman's name was cried three times
In vain, when the appalling discovery
was made that the summons had not
been served on the criminal ln person. The next move Is up to the police.
PATRIOTISM   AND   RESPECTABILITY.
The following article, taken from
the Chronicle, May 7th, 1909, gives
one an Idea of the prevailing opinion
of the Canadian business world:
"The present attitude of the government employes in France on the labor
question is an exceedingly suggestive
indication of the result of Socialism
carried to its legitimate end; and Incidentally a warning against the public
ownership of public utilities. Among
the strikers the national feeling is evidently dead and replaced by a feeling
of class Interest. If this kind of tendency Is not nipped ln the bud, it will
grow, and spread Into every department of public service. Imagine the
army infected with the strike fever!
No thoughtful man can see such tendencies without anvlety, and there are
similar tendencies even in conservative old England. Whatever else Socialism may mean, it evidently involves the death of patriotism."
Is it any wonder that the capitalist
class and its apoliglsts are displaying
anxiety over the national affairs of
France? If France has buried patriotism and national feeling and replaced
them by class Interest, what can prevent conservative old England and progressive Canada from following in the
footsteps of that mother of revolutions?
The economic forces of present day
society are forcing the working class
to recognize their position, as being
opposed to the owners of the means
of wealth production; not opposed to
the forms which that production takes
upon itself, but to that particular ownership known as capitalist ownership,
which of necessity forces a conflict between the possessors and non-possessors.
This conflict between the workers
and the masters Is not fundamentally
for the possession of the means of
wealth production, but for the powers
of government, which alone enables a
parasite master class to keep ln subjection its slaves.
The world's atmosphere Is saturated with the telepathy of revolution.
The radicalism of today is the recognized opinion of tomorrow and so we
move on; a step in advance, eager and
ready for the coming revolution.
Who said reform? What! Reform
a system that has handed nothing to
the working class but trouble? "The
very fact that the capitalist class are
trembling on the verge of a precipice
will prompt their faculty of self-preservation to do anything in order to
save the situation."
Our knowledge of the capitalist
class and their methods enable us to
form an idea what means they will
take ln order to stave off as long as
possible tbat inevitable day. They
have played on the workers so-called
love of country (labeled patriotism),
crammed him from the scruff of his
neck to the northeast corner of his
pants with capitalist morals and education, and, last but by no means least,
have instilled ln him that the only real
glory ln life was to be a "Jesus chaser" (Brockvllle comrades please note).
Now. as a Socialist Party, we are
face to face with a far more serious
problem than any of these, and It's
this: "The movement Is becoming respectable." All sorts of would-be Intellectuals are Insidiously forcing
their way into the various Locals, not
because they have the instinct of
working class revolt or a knowledge
of scientific Socialism, but because
they see in It a means of self-glorlflea-
tlon and Incidentally political opportunities. If your Local is not enjoying
a healthy expansion along revolutionary lines, you can gamble on the fact
that this particular parasite has found
a warm nest in your organization, and
the sooner you root him out, the better for the Local, the party and the
cause.
W. H. S.
No particular objection could be
taken by anyone If the civic authorities decided to prevent ALL street
speaking and enforced their mandate
irrespective of whether the offenders
were interested in material things or
pinned their faith in the "Kingdom
beyond the skies." In the three
cities, however, no objection has been
taken to the meetings of the Salvation Army, although they cause a
greater congestion of traffic, create a
great deal more disturbance, and, ln
addition, endanger human life by
frightening horses with their alleged
music.
Many eminent writers have written
about the freedom of speech allowed
ln the British Empire as compared
with other countries, but unless a
firm stand is made by labor, the alleged sacred lights will rapidly disappear, and at the instigation of those
whom we have elected to power,
sworn to uphold and defend them.
Naturally, the first people to come
under the ban of the authorities were
the Socialists, who, at times, desire
to use the streets as a forum; and in
the first instance the prosecution was
only to prevent street speaking, but
when the case was appealed to the
supreme court, the judge decided that
Btreet meetings, processions or demonstration of any kind are illegal, which
means, in effect, that the police may
prosecute the members of any organization who parade for any purpose.
The wide scope given the police by
this decision makes the question a
serious one, not only to the Socialists
who desire to use the streets, but to
every member- of organized labor, and
a determined stand should be made
by all sections of the working class
against this police tyranny.
The Trades and Labor Council of
Winnipeg have recognized the importance of conserving this right and
have appointed a committee to act in
conjunction with other organizations,
who have decided to fight the policy
of discrimination pursued by the
civic authorities.
In this city the same course should
be followed, and a fight kept up until
either the policy or the officials responsible for it are changed.
A TRADE UNIONIST.
A&BZBTA PBOYIXOIAX. EXECUTTVS.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meeta every alternate Monday iu
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, od-
poslte poBtoffiee. Secretary wilt So
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box 2.70, Calgary, Alta.
THE VALUE OF
UNEMPLOYED AGITATION
(Continued from Page 1)
SHALL'WE LIE DOWN.
Simultaneously ln Montreal, Winnipeg and Vancouver the police have
started a policy of discrimination
against those who use the streets for
the purpose of propagating doctrines
dealing with the conditions of the
working class.
In all three cities, speakers have
been arrested and fined, and in this
city the decision of the magistrate
has been upheld by the supreme
court. The Issue cannot be said to
differ materially from other contests
of a similar nature occurring ln the
United States, except that trials here
are tn every case held by a magistrate alone, while in the states, offenders may Insist on a trial by jury.
This materially reduces the chance of
conviction and removes from magistrates a great deal of their usurped
powers.
mand, men must possess greater powers of intelligent movement from
place to place; they must possess also
powers to move from trade to trade,
or—a more essential point—they must
have better guidance ln the first choice
of occupations." The alternative is
extremely amusing, and as an example
of burgeois economics is worth the
seven shillings which the book costs,
I suppose it would be superfluous for
me to point out that all trades are ln
the same boat. I know of one wage
slave who can take any builder's tool
extant and use tt with skill, yet he
cannot get work for his idle hand to
do.
Any attempt to solve the unemployed problem, short ot the abolition of
wage slavery, will only succeed in
making those who make the attempt
ridiculous. Meanwhile anything which
will cement the slave class into conscious effort to throw off their yoke
should be welcomed by all who are
striving to that end. So long as we
are divided and the master class is
united, so long must we drag out our
miserable hand to mouth existence.
With the development of capitalism
a force is created exceptionally endowed with power to carry on production when the "centralization of the
means of production and socialization
of labor at last reach a point where
they become incompatible with their
capitalist integument," and that force
is the solidarity of the working class.
Anything which makes for a solid
working class, makes for Socialism,
for the working class can only unite
upon the overthrow of wage slavery;
and anything which tends to divide
the working class within the Socialist
movement, must retard the aim of
that movement. If the expropriators
are to be expropriated, when "the
knell of capitalist private property
sounds," it must be by an "intelligent
solid working class, a class which is
disciplined, united, organized, by the
very mechanism of the process of capitalist production itself." Failure
can come only because we are more
antagonistic in our parts than the
capitalist system Is itself. And we
can become so, only by fanatics In
our own ranks, adopting the sound
and fury, "after-rme-the-deluge" attitude which is prevalent In the S. L. P.
and also by the so-called step by step
evolutionary Socialist, who finds the
sweets of office very difficult to obtain
upon the road of revolutionary Socialism.
JOHN HARRINGTON.
THE 8. P. OF C.  BUTTON.
Price, each -    He
To Locals five for $2.00.   Apply to your
Provincial Secretary.
Socialist Directory
g)f Every Local of the Socialist Party of
Canada should run a card under this head
11.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
dominion executive committee,
Socialist Party ot Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
.„.., COLUMBIA     PBOVINOIAX
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 83S. Vancouver, B. C.
LOCAL JTBLSOM, 8. V. 01* 0., XBBTS
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., la
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips. Organizer; I. A. Austin, Seoy.
**"Bax noBMix, »o. a, a. *. em ol
meeta every Sunday at 8:30 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. James Carson, Organizer; John Appleby, Secy.
of  C.    Meetings   every  Sunday, at »
MANITOBA      VXOYXNCIAX.       EXBfiU-
tlve Committee. Meets first an* third
Mondays of every month, JiubHea Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleasod to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. w. James, 326 Hargrave St
Winnipeg,  Man.
ontabio motmroiAi, EXECUTIVE
Committee. Meets in Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Qribble
184 Hogarth Ave., Toronto;
P. C. Young, Secretary, 139 V, Bleeoker
street, Toronto.
LOCAL VAXCOUYXB, BO.  1, 8. F. OI
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St West.
F. Ferry, Seoretary, Box 836.
LOCAL VICTORIA, NO. 3,  8. P. OF O.
Headquarters and Reading Room.
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1318 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre.
W. G. McCluskey, Secretary, Box 770.
LOCAL NANAIMO, NO.  3,  8.  P.  of 0.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clockl
Jack  Place,  Rec. Seoy.,  Box  826.
LOCAL   rEHNIX,   a.   P.   of   O,   XOLDB
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business meeting first Sunday ln each
month, same place at 2:30 n m. J.
Lancaster, Sec, Box 164.
LOCAL OXBBNWOOD NO. 9, B. P. OP
C., meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
Tern.
LOCAL VBBNON, B. C, NO. 38, 8. P. OP
C„ meets every Friday night at 7:30
In Timmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Geo. w. Pateraon, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
LOCAL LADTBMITH NO.  10, 8. P. OP
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. ln headquarters on First Ave.
Parker Williams, Secy., Coburn Siding,
LOCAL BO88LANB, No. 95, 8. P. OP 0.,
meets ln Miners' Hall ovary Sunday at
7:30 p. m. A. McLeod, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets ln Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Seoy., P. O. Box
766 Rossland, B. C.
LOCAL PORT MOODT,  B.  0.,  NO.  41,
8. P. of O.—Business meetings first
Sunday in each month. J. V. Hull.
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
LOCAL BBTBLBTOXB, B. O.. HO. 7, B.
r. of O. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m., the fourth Thursday of each month in lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Cayman.
Socretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
fern-. Ja the Labor Hall, Barber, Blook,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce), Club
.and Reading  Room,  McTavlsh Block.
IIJ17 Second St. E. oppositeFmperlaFiio'ei.
M. Hyatt, Secy.; K Hyatt: Organ-
«er,   Box   270,   Calgary,   Alta.
LOCAL BSLLBVUB, ALTA., BA. 19. B.
P of C, meets every first and1 third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Bait
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,.    BO.     9.
Meets every Sunday night la tha
Miners' Hall and Opera House at I
p.m. Everybody welcome, Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J
Smith, Secy.
LOCAL EDMONTON,  ALTA, NO. I, S.
r. or c. Meets every Thursday at 8
P-m., In Trades and. Labor Halt
fourth St. Busnass and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach.
Secy., 161 First St S.; R. MacQuarrlS
Organizer, 623 Second St
LOCAL BXLLCXBBT^ AIAlu, BO. IS, 8.
P. of C, meets every Sunday after
Union meeting in Union Hall. Hillcrest
Mines, Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt; Carl Johnson, Secretary.
LOCAL WXHMtPBO, B. P. OP O. HBA9-
quarters Klondyke block, corner of Pacific
and King Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome.    W. Cummfngs, Organ-
Jas. W. Amer, Secretary, 748 victor
street.
t0.0A» TOBOBTO, 8. P. OP C—IWO-
lisn Branch. Propaganda meeting*
held every Sunday 3 p. m., Labor
Temple Auditorium. Business meetings first and (third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. w. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St. and
619 Crawford St Woman's Study
Club every Monday night at 642 Gladstone Ave. Choir practices every second Thursday; enquiries to C. Bishop,
378 Church St. Speakers supplied on
shortest notice to Ontario Locals. Corresponding Secretary, R. Stroud, 619
Crawford St.
LQOAL  OTTAWA  BO.  8,  B.  ».  OP Oh
BUSINESS MEETING 1st Sunday la
month at 7:30 p.m. at Roberts-Allan
Hall, 78 Ridean St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:16 p.m.
Economic class, Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night 8 p.m.,
at 379 Wellington St. Charles Lestor,
Organizer.
E. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy., 1030 Bron-
son Ave.
LOCAL   COBALT,   BO.   9,   8.   P.   OP  O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL MONTBEAL, QUE., NO. I, B.
P. of 0.—Meets ln Labor Hall. St
Dominique street, Sundays at 8 p. m.
Headquarters No. 1 St. Charles Borromee fit,
Ottojahn Secretnay, saSChausse.
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Columbia
Executive Board Member
Wm. Davidson, Sandon
DISTRICT ASSOCIATION   NO. 6.
President
Vice-President
Secretary-Treasurer
.'o.      Name Meeting
Night
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Thoa. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
Sec'y.
r.o.
Box
Add.
A tlln    	
Camborne
Grand Forks..
Greenwood   ...
Hedley   	
Kaslo   	
Kimberly
Lardeau   	
Marysvllle
M. & S. U
Moyie   	
Nelson    	
Phoenix   	
Rossland
Sandon   	
Sllverton   	
Slocan   	
Texada   	
Trail M & M.,
Wed
Wed
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
86irmlr
Sat
Sat
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Mon
Wed
Wm. Wlnslow....
Patrick O'Connor	
Charles Blrce....
C. Bennett	
Mike McAndrews...
Joe Armstrong	
Kred Mellette
I
C. Galrns	
James Tobln	
F. L. Crosson	
Geo. Heatherton..
T. It Rotherham.
H. T. Rainbow...,
A. E. Carter	
Chas.  Short	
B. Lundin  .
Malcolm McNeill..
Paul   Phillips	
R. Silverthorn....
J. A. McKinnon...
L. R. Mclnnls....
Robert Malroy....
Blair  Carter	
O.  B. Mcintosh..,
Wm. Hesketh	
A. Burgess	
J. Hays  	
James Roberts	
F. Phillips   	
W. A. Plckard...
Geo. Casey	
A.  Shilland	
Fred Llebscher..,
D. B. O'NealII....
T. T. Rutherford..
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.   B.   Mclsaac...
12
M
124
42
391
O
12
36
106
■;iU
421
K
86
90
888
377
606
Discovery
Camborne
Grand  Forks
Greenwood
Hedley
Kaslo
Kimberly
Ferguson
Marysvllle
Moyie
Nelson
Phoenix
Rossland
Sandon
Sllverton
Slocan City
Van Anda
Trail
Tmir
TYOLAISET CANADASSA
Jos  tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
"TyoRansa"
Box 197, Port Arthur, Oat.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Makui ilitNtau, $1.50 vuotikerti
"Viadiika" Miktu, $1.15
ATENTS
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58 HASTINGS ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C SATURDAY,  MAY 22,  1909.
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
IHE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locab
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES.
Locals may obtain sapplles from
their Provincial Executives at the following prices:
Charters, each   $5.00
Constitutions, each  20
Dues stamps, each  10
Membership cards, each    .01
Platform and application blanks,
per 100  26
Platform and application blanks,
(Finnish) per 100 B0
Platform and application blanks
(Ukrainian) per 100 50
Constitution ln Finnish, per doz..   .50
Receipt books, each  $0.25
Warrant books, each 25
SECRETARIAL.
The Dominion and B. C. Provincial
Executive meeting is postponed to
Monday, May 31st.
Organizer Gribble reports favorably
of prospects in the Maritime. A large
Local is being formed at Springhi'.l,
N. S., and another is ln sight at Newcastle, N. B. He reports good meetings along the lane and an exceptionally fine Local at Albert.
Organizer O'Brien is working
through Saskatchewan and will shortly tour Manitoba. He reports the
farmers ripe for the message, but very
•poverty-stricken.
Organizer Harrington will tour the
'Okanagan and then probably arrive at
'the Coast.
VANCOUVER CAMPAIGN FUND.
Collected for Vancouver Election
Fund, S. P. of Canada, from Finnish
•comrades:
May Day Wages-
Other Donations—
Arva Skyt   $ 3.50
Kustl Nikula     4.00
Jalo Nikula      3.50
.Abe Karme      3.85
Jack Jackson |     5.00
A. Hamly     2.00
M. Marttila       2.00
E. Toekko       1.00
Johan Mynttl      2.00
B. Payry      2.00
Total    $28.85
ABE KARME, Collector.
Vancouver,  May   16th,  1909.
ALBERTA   EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE.
Present,   Comrades  Glbbs,   Howell,
Fradkin, McDonald and the secretary.
Correspondence dealt with from Edmonton, Hillcrest,  Battle Lake, Winnipeg and Dominion Executive.
Receipts:—Edmonton,   $7.00;    Oko-
toks, $5.05.    Total, $12.05.
A. .1.  BROWNING,
Secretary.
CAMPAIGN   FUND.
Previously acknowledged   $130.90
Finnish Comrades      28.85
J. Bender       1.00
Total    $100.75
O. MENGEL, Treas.,
Eox 836.
We must read the capitalist press
If we wish to get the "news." In
proof thereof it need but be stated
that on May 1st the press reports
from Winnipeg referred to the parade
there as a "tame affair with not more
than 300 ln line." The truth is there
were about 2,000 marched in Winnipeg
on that day. So much for our Chris-
Han newspapers.
NEW SOCIALIST GAME
"The Class Straggle" ftt&E&SFSSfo
READ
COTTON'S WEEKLY
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rear: I our months, II. Sold by all newsdealers.
teateSSSlBfl*
VERNON, B. C.
Dear Comrade,—
We have heard here with regret
in a howling wind storm. Some of
our comrades there lost everything,
of the Are which took place at Mara
and although I have not heard full
particulars, I fear they will suffer a
great deal.
Sometime ago we sent in subs, for
the Clarion, Appeal and Christian Socialist for the Vernon Public Library.
For sometime nothing happened, but
we discovered that they could not be
found about one month ago. We also
discovered that Aid. Costerton, chairman of the library committee, had
ordered their removal and that we
would have to Bee the city council to
have them put back. Therefore a
committee of Local No. 38 Interviewed
the council and were asked to leave
the matter in their hands, as they
were too busy just then. This we
very politely agreed to and withdrew.
A petition was also circulated and
presented at a later date, and this
was referred to the chairman of the
hall committee for a report at the
next meeting.
We mean to use every legitimate
means to have our papers put back in
the public library. As for Alderman
Costerton, his head may be long, but
it is not broad. He believes in the
freedom for the capitalist press, but-
not tor the labor papers. He is our
best assistant if not our best friend,
because a little advertisement Is what
we need. He wants Dreadnaughts,
but not things that he dreads. That
is all. Poor, old boy, If he only knew
It he nor any man need not dread
Socialism if they leave It strictly
alone.
The mock parliament of Vernon is
over and the Socialist group has come
out of this conflict of Ideas with the
red flag flying. We made several
thinkers wake up and made a few
talkers shut up. So many members
stayed away for reasons best known to
themselves that the Socialists gained
the balance of power and used it to
good advantage. It was instituted to
be a real nice little Conservative
club, but the best laid plans of men
and politicians aft gang to the Dickens.
Yours in revolt,
GEO. W. PATERSON,
Secy. Local Vernon.
CHARLIE  FINDS 80ME  SALARY.
NORTH  BATTLEFORD, SASK.
Dear Comrade,—
Thanks to O'Brien, this branch of
the "hardy reds" (strong perennial,
ever blooming) is now in working
order and priming up to do some lively
propaganda work in the near future.
The Hibernian comrade did some great
work around here, but the best ot all
the meetings was held tn that stronghold of graftism, Battleford town. All
the local gentry were there, and to
hear the O'Brien one scrape them,
prune 'em and utterly trim 'em was
a thing to live for.
The meeting was billed to start at
8 p.m. sharp. Enter at 8:30, with a
tolerant and somewhat bored air a
bunch of the real, hard-shelled, three-
ply, wire-woven Liberals, retainers of
tbe capitalist class, who stand In about
the same relation to the aforesaid as
did the "lick platters" who infested the
kitchens of the groat medieval household to browse off the plutes as they
came back from my lord's table.
Soon the fun began, as the comrade
waxed warmer the temperature of the
listeners rose also. They wriggled,
ye gods how they squirmed, and when
the speech was over, rose up their
mighty men to wrestle In wordy war
with O'Brien of ours."
Perhaps lt Is needless to state that
the debate savored rather too much of
Billingsgate to be very relevant to
the subject of the address. However,
after about thirty minutes the chairman (who did well) brought the meeting to a close, and we retired to clean
up our heavy guns for a final attack on
North Battleford, of which more anon.
I think we all agree that Comrade
O'Brien Is weak on dUcusslon. We
hope he will atudy up and learn to
boll down his answers.
HAYBACK.
VANCOUVER FREE SPEECH FUND.
Previously acknowledged   $41.35
Ukrainians       2.00
Markaroff     LOO
Heynlevlch     100
Ferbey       1.00
City Hall Collection  26.50
Street Collection       7.30
T. M, Beamish      5.00
Total    $85.15
O. MENQEL, Treas.,
Box 836.
"By  their  deeds    ye  shall    know
them."
I was ten days In Battleford district, addressing nine meetings.
"I find it difficult to be a religious
preacher and a man at the same time,"
said one of the cloth to me some time
ago.
Our chairman in the town of old
Battleford, that government stronghold, was a religious preacher, but I
believe he was also every Inch a man.
He felt his class position very strongly, which always gives one the courage of one's convictions.
In his opening remarks he Bald ln
effect: "Since It became known that
I was to occupy the chair at this
meeting, several prominent citizens
have cautioned me, saying I ought to
consider my position, and out of respect for them, If not for myself, I
should not take such a prominent part
In such a meeting." He said, in every
case when he questioned them, they
were Ignorant of the Socialist movement They stuck up a straw Socialism of their own; then proceeded to
tear it to pieces, and to say Socialism
was a failure. He told the audience
he was proud to be chairman ot that
meeting, proud to assist the Socialists, and he advised them not to condemn a movement before they knew
lt. His remarks were not ln the apologetic tone of the average clergy, but
in the fearless, straightforward manner of an aroused slave.
We waded into an analysis of wealth
production under the rule of capital,
showing that the owners were the
only real benefactors; that all the rest
were wage slaves in one form or another. That some ot the slaves got
a few extra oats (a little better wage)
for doing the dirty work of keeping
their fellow slaves in subjection; how
these few oats was the magic wand
that worked wonders. It enabled
those who receive it to hypnotize and
mentally chloroform their fellow
slaves and to jolly themselves into
believing that they are real capitalists,
thus enabling the capitalists to keep
the conflict as much as possible
among the slaves, making one bunch
believe that it was the other bunch
that was robbing them.
About a dozen of these extra-oats
slaves in the shape of Government officials, sat well to the front of the
audience, no doubt expecting to hear
all about how things would be done
under Socialism. Needless to say,
they were disappointed. And as we
laid bare the fact that they were not
capitalists, but mere slaves, and that
what they had to do to get the few
extra oats, made of them the most degraded ot slaves, you should see the
broad smile creep over the faces of
the ordinary slaves in the back ot the
hall, but you Bhould also see the extra-oats slaves squirm. Talk about
bearding the lion In his den. Gee! it
was good to be there!.
We had two of the largest meetings
ever held In that town. The local Is in
good shape. I met a lot of fine comrades, mostly farmers, and now, with
their organized effort, the comrades
of the Battleford district will soon be
a worthy addition to the Socialist
Party  of Canada.
C. M. O'BRIEN.
SOCIALISM AND RELIGION.
Numerous protests have been heard
ln the Clarion lately against the tendency of the "cellar brigade," and of
various party speakers and writers, to
take a fall out of religion in general,
and Christianity ln particular, whenever an opportunity presents itself.
Now, there may be an element of
justice ln these protests and in the
stand taken that Socialist propaganda
should keep clear of religious controversies and other side Issues, and
confine Itself to the fight for the possession of the means of production by
the workers; but there Is another side
to this question. Do not these same
Christians themselves call for much
of this by their continual attempts on
platform, in pulpit and ln general conversation, to encircle Socialism with
the mantle of their special pet creed,
to Christianize Socialism? Christ was
a Socialist, they say, and Christianity
and Socialism are one and the same
thing in theory. Now, as Socialists,
we object to having any special form
ot religion tacked on to us, as we are
mainly concerned with bettering mankind's condition while living, and extend the hand of comradeship alike to
Hindus, Buddhists, Confucians and all
manner of star gazers, and to atheists,
agnostics, etc. We are principally
concerned with mankind's material
condition.
A doctrine which preaches, "Servants, obey your masters," and that one
and all Bhould content themselveB with
the position in life ln which God has
been pleased to place them, Is diametrically opposed to revolution in any
form. We want to abolish this master
business and "divine right" of kings
and papal Infallibility. No one is perfect, and anyone laying claim to having divine sanction to dictate to his
fellow creatures Is nothing more nor
less than a hypocrite and prevaricator
of the worst kind.
The type of manhood which Chris
tianity endeavors to produce is worse
than useless to a class who are endeavoring to throw off the chains of
oppression. It Inclines rather to humility and servility, to the "turn the
other cheek" ' proposition, which is
hardly productive of revolutionists.
As Karl Marx says ln "Capital," Vol.
I., "The sheep-like character of the
Christian is typified in his worship of
the Lamb of God."
During the campaign against slavery
In the United States, the Southern
preachers were most eloquent In proving from the Bible that slavery as an
institution had divine sanction. It
was robbery to take away from the
slave owners their most sacred private
property, the slaves. But historical
progression demanded their release to
clear the way for the advance ot capitalism, and they went, whether the
Bible sanctioned it or not.
When Robert Blatchford, the English Socialist writer, launched "God
and My Neighbor" against Christianity, there came much bleating from
the Christian fold as to why he did
not confine himself to Socialism, and
leave Christianity alone. His answer
was that he found Christianity in his
way, that he was leading towards the
goal of Socialism when he encountered it.
That is our difficulty, too. It gets
in our way as a religious-political
combination. Christianity has been
too long the tool of capitalism to be
much in favor among those workers
who realize the game being played on
them. Instead of leading the workers
to a freer life, it has been riding on
their backs with the other parasites.
It is no wonder that they should look
askance at a religion which has the
sanction and support of their "masters."
When the capitalists want to develop new markets, how do they proceed? First, they set a bunch ot mis-
sionaries to work; then follow the
guns; then the rum; and then civilization (?) Is in progress. Has it not
been so?
Again, what about war? During the
late Boer war I was in the old country, and it rather puzzled me to see
regiments going to the front receiving
the blessing and sanctification of the
church. Holy war. Murder sanctified.
Blessing men, and exhorting them to
go forth with a stout heart and slay
their fellowmen and fellow Christians.
Christian brotherhood, truly!
Another .thing. Should a person get
badly "up against it," anU feeling overwhelmed with his misfortunes take
his own life, would the same sky pilot
give his remains his blessing? Not a
bit of It. What's the difference? Is
there any more justice In taking your
fellowman's life than in taking your
own? The whole thing amountB to
this. It is quite right and proper to
slay your fellowman when your masters (?) set you about lt; but when
you do lt on your own account, your
immortal soul gets lost.
According to the Bible story, "God's
chosen people," the Israelites, were
nothing more nor less than a sanctified gang of murderers and robbers.
A savage tribe worshipping a savage
god of their own conception.
No! Christianity Isn't big enough,
nor broad enough, nor good enough, to
be ln keeping .with Socialism's ideal
conception of a universal kinship.
Ideally, Socialism is a religion unto itself; but practical Socialism is our
present aim.
All we ask, then, of Christianity, or
of any other form of religion, is to
keep out of our road, and don't try
and get into the saddle. Don't retard
us, or endeavor to control us; otherwise, don't squeal when we kick.
GOUROCK.
ANOTHER VIEW.
Comrade Editor,—
The letters of W. E. French, Clarion, May 1st, and F. S. F„ May 8th,
show that this question of the attitude
of the movement on religion is a
serious one. I fear It will become
much more serious if we cannot get
the two opposing parties ln the question to show mutual tolerance and respect for the good of the common
cause. I was glad to see so frank a
statement of the other side ln the
letter of F. S. F. It clears the air
and lets us see where we stand, and
also, I think, where some ot us are
wrong; though I think F. S. F. has
mistaken Comrade French's meaning
when he accuses him of advocating
dissimilation and deceit. Surely we
who do not agree with F. S. F. that
the man without religion is the better Socialist, ought at leaBt to agree
with him when he claims for his fellow Infidels the same right as we
have, to express their opinions. We
surely must deplore the quoted statement of a clergyman, lt correct, "that
the materialists would have to go out
of the movement." Hut while both
sides exercise their rights In this matter, may we not both do so with a
thoughtful forbearance and respect for
the other side, even to the extent of
preferring not to be needlessly offensive. I think some comrades forget
what great numbers of the people, In
country as well as town, a great majority, are still attached to the Idea
ot God, or at least to some form of
religion, and what a tremendous and
unnecessary obstacle we are raising
to the movement if it aims at "destroying religion"—Roosevelt's accusation.
Moreover, truth ultimately prevails
over error by reason and general enlightenment rather than by abuse and
ridicule. For my part I believe that
"truth Is great and will prevail," whatever my particular Interpretation of
it may be, and I am ln no fear tor lt.
My fear Is rather for the steady progress of the revolution.
The wretched condition of millions
of our fellowmen might weigh with us
to work together, in complete harmony if possible, ln mutual respect at
any rate, and not delay the revolution
by an undue Insistence on our prejudices and dislikes, with a danger
of serious dissentlon and cleavage, or
of restricting the movement to such
numbers as would make it Ineffectual.
The theories of historical materialism and economic determinism, which
are the basis of Socialism, are supposed to exclude the idea of a Creator
from the conception ot the universe
and of a Divine Ruler from the affairs
of mankind, and consequently many
Socialists think that this idea of a
Creator and Ruler Is necessarily antagonistic to the development of Socialism and must be overthrown by
reason, sarcasm or downright abuse
and contempt. Bacon, I think, said
that a little learning is a dangerous
thing—I confess I have little enough—
and lt Is so ln those cases where it
makes a man think that the learning
he has is absolute and final. Historical materialism and economic determinism are theories of the greatest
importance, and every student of Socialism should try to understand them
and follow them In their application.
They are no doubt the theories and
laws that will be generally accepted
for the Interpretation and solution of
social and economic problems. But It
is surely wrong to suppose that they
or any other theories are absolute and
final In universal science or knowledge, and, to my mind, they must always fail to explain, interpret or determine all the workings of the individual mind and all individual actions. There is something ln man Individually that eludes the analysis and
definitions of all the philosophers,
economists, scientists, etc., however
much they may thow light on mankind, collectively considered. There
Is more ln man and his destiny than
can be contained in any one philosophy
or Bclence, or all of them, and It Is
absurd for any one to wish to make
the economics or science of Socialism
the final explanation and last word on
man and his potentialities or on the
science of the universe.
As another explanation of the hostility of many Socialists to religion,
it seems to me that they believe that
Christianity necessarily must uphold
class rule and distinctions, that lt
teaches the idea of an elect to whom,
In the providence of God, the rest ot
the world Is subservient, and also
servile submission of the people to
authority. If these Ideas have been
associated with Christianity, it Is not
because they are properly part of It,
but rather that they have been part
of the general process of social evolution; to which process Christianity, In
Its worldly application, has itself been
subjected. But many thoughtful and
open-minded believers In Christ's
teaching hold the very opposite ideas,
that the followers of Christ were
meant to render help and sorvice to
their fellowmen and not set up to be
their superiors and rulers. Christ
very explicitly laid down this rule.
Let us have done with rulers and superiors, social, political, religious or
antl-religiouB; let us be equals and
comrades, free to think our own
thoughts and express them without
bigotry and Intolerance, and cease to
persecute and despise on account of
opinions, beliefs or non-beliefb; and
surely this ia not weak sentiment, but
commonBense and  fair-dealing.
Comrade F. S. F. touches a sore
point when he says he has found "that
when you start to quote from the Bible
evidence ln support of Socialism,
plenty of evidence la forthcoming
from the same contradictory source to
refute it." Do not all the infinitely,
varied and opposing sects and schools
of thought ln "Christianity" originate
from or found themselves on the
Bible? We ought to know by now
how futile Bible wrangling and religious controversy Is. Socialism
gives us an opportunity to get all the
good we can out of the Bible and put
it Into general as well as private practice, and when the revolution is
achieved, a great part of the practical
application of Christ's teaching will
be here In the substance Instead of as
now In the dim shadow. The evil of
Christianity has always been that
opinions or beliefs were more Important than deeds. No wonder the
down-trodden worker says at last,
openly and bluntly, "to hell with your
opinions and beliefs; It Is deedn that
count," unconsciously repeating In his
own language the very thought of
Christ. The atheist who works for
Socialism la doing his duty to his
neighbor better than the professed
Christian who "passes by on tho other
side."
R. O. GREY
jfrere and Tfow
By "LEEDS"
It will be no child's play for the
working class to break the rule of
capital. Still there is no doubt but
when the occasion calls for the men
the men will be forthcoming. Ia the
meantime you are asked to pave the
way by sending in one new reader to
the Clarion this month. By doing so
you will be preparing yourself for
more strenuous action. Now; hustle
and let us hear from you before May
30th.
• •   •
Comrade J. W. Wooster, Clareeholm,
Alta., reports matters looking bright
ln Southern Alberta since Charley was
elected. He asks for God's sake to
send him the Clarion, since he forgot
to notice that his sub. was run out
Did you?
.*   *   *
Your good Intentions count for
naught if your name is not on the
voters' list.
• • •
By sending a new sub with hla own.
Comrade H. Howland, Vancouver,
shows how the Clarion list may be
easily doubled.   Will you?
• *   «
A notice from Greenwood asks that
workers keep away from that town as
there is more labor power there now.
than can be sold. When men are required there, the fact will be announced by the secretary ot tbe Miners'
Union through the press. Take no
notice of reports from any other
source.
• • •
A new Local ot the S. P. ot C. has
been formed at Windsor, Ont, with
eleven members. Comrade Lome WU-
kle, who is the secretary, has been
taking a bundle of 25 Clarions weekly
for some time. His address Is 38 Louts
avenue. We heartily welcome our
new locals and wish them all success.
• •   •
Comrade H. G. Robs, financial secretary of Local Cape Breton, forwards
a dollar In payment of the Local's account.
• •   •
And Comrade Lome Wllkle, Windsor, Ont., sends a dollar and a quarter
in payment ot his bundle account.
• a •
How many more weeks is it before
your sub. expires?   Look and see.
•   *   *
Three more yearlles from Comrade
John Mclnnls and one from Comrade
Charlie O'Brien show that our M. P.'s
are pretty good sub. hustleis and are
ever on the lookout tor scali'v.
a    •    •
Comrade Geo. Gunderson, Supi-Ior
Junction, Fort William, Ont., Is on
the warpath.   He forwards $300 for a
bundle of 25 Clarions weekly, and
$2.00 for the aid of pure and earnest
teaching.
• •   a
Hello! Is that you, Winnipeg?
Well, say, here comes Comrade W. H.
Stebbings again this week with a
bunch of five subB. We are getting
ready for the rush, for that earthquake
no doubt jarred some of you fellows
loose.    It was the only one we had
in stock, too.
• • •
The red flag is the flag of Labor. It
stands for the true interests of the
workers ot all lands. This flag on a
neat hut ion Is the emblem of the Socialist Party of Canada. You can get
one  free  by  forwarding  $5.00  worth
ol subs.
• •   •
I want every reader to send ln a
new sub. this month. You will be called upon to make a much greater sacrifice before the red flag floats from
the Federal building. Education will
remove many barriers from tho way.
The following comrades are with us:
Chas. Macdonald, Vancouver, B. C;
F. Hyatt, Calgary, Alta.; F. Perry.
Vancouver, B. C; Edmund Fulcher,
Brandon, Man.; Tom Brlggs, Ladysmlth, B. C.
• •   •
A game of baseball on Sunday la
Immoral. At least that Is what the
opponents of Sunday baseball hypocritically assert. Just fancy that, will
you, ln a city where everything Ib for
sale from a woman's honor down to
an editor's brain.
• •   •
Vancouver comrades will please notice that contributions to the campaign fund are always on order. This
fund should be raised to $500 as soon
as possible. Give a helping hand, and
you will get your money's worth bo-
fore  polling  day.
what to Read on Socialism
By Charles U. Kerr, Editor ot the International
Socialist Itevlew. Eighty beautifully printed
pages, with many portraits of socialist writers.
Includes a simple, concise statement of the prtn-
clplee oi socialism. One copy Iree on reqneet,
111 mailed for 10c: IB) for 11.00: 1.0011 lor 110.00.
CHARLES H.KERR A CO.
IBS Klnite 8tftx)t, Chicago, III.
WANTED
At tM Ymir General HmiIUI, I Mi-
tro«, ant bt l gradaata Iroa tout (Ml
estibilthid hospital. For airtleirliri wrtta
w. B. MclSSM, Sat.
Yalr, t. G. THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
'   ■•-•■•   t' '   ~"    "  '
sc
SATURDAY,   MAY 22,   1909.
LONDON LETTER
MAY DAY IN LONDON.
Early at dawn on the first of May,
1909, London was astir. Men and
women could lie seen hurrying to and
fro getting things In readiness for
Labor's great International holiday.
The day broke fine, clear and cold
and continued so throughout, with the
exception of an hour's rain, shortly before six o'clock in the evening. This,
or nothing else, however, marred the
day's proceedings and everything went
off like clock work, with never a hitch
or a halt anywhere.
Sections of the big parade formed ln
various parts of the city and all met at
the Thames Embankment, where a
start was made for Hyde Park.
As early as ten a. m., the East Central section began to form on the Mile
End Waste ln Stephney, and red ribbons and flowers added a touch of
gaiety to the occasion. One by one the
different Socialist branches and Trade
Unions formed in line while thousands
gathered about to witness the rather
unusual scene. The police, like the
poor, are always with us, and by their
great numbers, one not accustomed to
the ways of.the authorities in Merry
England, or Darkest London, would
have thought that the parades were
bent on a conflict or raid. However,
there was no occasion for the police
to show their authority, and they looked as If they enjoyed the good-natured
chaffing of the paraders and the bystanders.
Shortly before two o'clock all the organizations departing from Mile End
Road were in line and with a big brass
band in the lead playing the "International." The East Central section
stepped out a brisk pace with flags,
ribbons and banners flying. What a
stirring scene it made as tbe sun
shone brightly on the assemblage
and how the crowd cheered as organization after organization got into motion and made old Mile End
Road resound with their singing.
All along the route large crowds gathered to see the procession, and hundreds, either late or on the spur of the
moment, fell Into line and added to the
already large numbers.
Arriving at the Thames Embankment other sections were already in
waiting and as the late-comers arrived
they were heartily cheered by the assembled comrades. A short wait for
still other contingents was made and
at 2:30 p. m. the parade, which Is conservatively estimated to have numbered between eight and ten thousand,
started forward to Hyde Park. The
route lay .Jong Northumberland avenue, Pali Mall. St. .Tames street and
Plccar.tiiy to Hyde Park and it gave
the wealthy West Enders an opportunity to view the march of the workers on a day that belongs exclusively
o labor the world over. The win-
tows of big fashionable hotels, resi-
tences, clubs and business houses
were all lined with spectators, while
in the doorways a few of the braver
ines stood, not, however, without hav-
.'ng the door open as if half expecting
0 make a dash inside ln case any
'bombs" came their way. What their
hougbts were, could readily be imag-
ned, and the brake load of Socialist
-hinday School children (and there
vere over 50 brake loads, numbering
•lose on to 2,000 children) probably
arred their feelings when they
hought of the rising generation of
'he working class.    The women, too,
dded dignity and life to the proces-
lon and they stood the strain of the
•jng walk with brave cheerfulness.
A tremendous amount of literature
as sold along the line of march, and
he women did a large share of the
elllng. One woman went right up
i the doorway of on<' of the big
swell" hotels and sold a "Justice" to
nobby looking "toff" who slood at
le entrance. Another one tried to
?I1 some literature to the sentries
'.atloned at St. James' Palace, but
er efforts were unsuccessful in that
irection.
When the parade entered Hyde
ark a large crowd of people, about
.i or seven thousand, were In waiting
nd some had brought their lunch bas-
ets with them and made a day of It.
here were in all seven platforms in
is park in the shape of large wagons,
om which the horses were with-
rawn, and each platform contained
iree or more speakers.
The following resolution was moved
nd seconded, and then spoken upon
y the speakers upon their respective
iatforms.
"Resolved, That the workers assem-
!ed at this meeting send fraternal
■eetings to their Socialist and Trade
nionlst comrades who, throughout
e world, assemble on the first of
ay to give expression to their sense
1 solidarity, to reaffirm their deter-
.inatlon   to  emancipate    themselves
from wagedom, and their resolve to
establish an International Co-operative
Commonwealth based upon the collective ownership of the means of life,
as a means to this end, and to check
the physical deterioration of our class,
this meeting demands the free maintenance of all children In the national
schools; the organization of unemployed labor in useful and productive
work; an eight-hour working day and
such amendment to the Old Age Pension Act as will secure adequate pensions for the aged and those incapable
of following their occupations, To fa
cllitate the conquest of social freedom
by peaceful means; this meeting also
demands universal adult Bufferage,
payment of members and election expenses and proportional representation.
This meeting further expresses its
disgust at the efforts of the capitalist
class and its jingo press in the country, as in Germany, to infect, the people with animosities engendered by
commercial rivalries which do not concern the workers, seeing they are despoiled of the products of their labor
whether they are marketed at home or
abroad, and pledges itself to co-operate with their fellow workers in Germany in their efforts to maintain harmonious relations between the two
countries."
This resolution, at the sound of a
bugle at 5:30 p. m., was put from each
platform and carried unanimously,
and that ended the proceedings for
the day. There were 52 speakers In
all. Only one member of parliament
turned up, though all the Labor M. P.'s
and some others were invited. Some,
of course, had genuine excuses, such
as speaking in other cities, but no
doubt one-half of them hid themselves
until May Day was over. J. O'Grady,
M. P., was the lone one that attended
the London demonstration. Three
preachers, belonging to the Christian
Socialist League, were also speakers
on the platform, and from what could
be gathered they preached the clear
revolution. There were also several
women speakers and all the prominent members of the Social Democracy were In atendance. The children's
Socialist songs were a feature of the
day and the tots had a rare time
romping in the grass and among the
trees. In the evening several dances
and concerts were held and May Day
ln London came to a close as one of
the most successful demonstrations
ever held.
Yours for the Revolution,
ROBT. E. SCOTT.
London, England, May 2, 1909.
THE 8LAVE AND THE HORSE.
Tbe horse Is a powerful animal, yet
he will allow himself to be harnessed
to heavy loads by a man. and a man
is a puny animal alongside a horse.
Why does the powerful horse allow
himself to be beaten and worked hard
by a puny man? Pa says it is because
a man looks big in the eyes of a
horse, and Pa ought to know. He
knows more than Ma or any of the
kids.
If Pa is right, and a big horse Is
afraid of a little man because the
big horse's eyes magnify the little
man so that lie looks bigger than the
horse, the horse must be always having what old Grinder, our teacher,
calls an optical illusion; that is, when
anyone sees things that aren't.
I used to think It very foolish of
the horse to allow himself to be beaten with a cruel whip and harnessed
to heavy loads when he is so big that
he could kick the liver out of the
little man with the whip If he only
took the notion, but, if the horse always has optical Illusions I guess he
can't help himself.
I told Pa the other day that I did
not see how the horse could be so
foolish when he is so strong. I said
I thought the horse was the most foolish animal in all the world, because
our cat Is not nearly as big as me and
she scratched my face when I pinched
her tail the least little bit, and Growler, uur dog, is just a small animal, and
yet he bit at the milk-man just because he shook his can in his face;
but this big, powerful horse will let
a little man hitch him to a big load
anil beat the whey out of him and
never try to take his own part.
But Pa says the workingmen were
Just as foolish as the horse because
they work long hours making things
that their rich bosses might have all
the best In the world, while they get
only the poorest. He said that the
workingmen were only sure of getting
the poorest things they made when
the boss wants to let them work, and
the boss only lets them work when he
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can get someone to buy what they
make, and that, when no one will buy
what they make, they get thrown out
of a job; then they only get a little
charity, which is worse than the poorest things on earth. Pa ought to
know; he says he was out of a job
for a whole year during the panic.
I asked Pa how many workers there
were ln the world and be said a great
many, so many that he could not tell
the exact number. He said, though,
that there were a great many more
workers than bosses. Then I asked
him If numbers meant strength, and
he told me it did.
Pa had to go to work then, and 1
kept wondering that if the workers
are many and the bosses are few, and,
if numbers really meant strength, how
lt was that the many workers allowed
the few bosses to take all the best
things they made and leave the poorest for the many workers. I puzzled
my head about this for a long time,
and then I began to see that Pa was
right, that the workers were not only
as foolish but more foolish than the
horse.
The way I figured it out was that
the many workers didn't know that
numbers meant strength and that they
thought the few bosses were stronger
than they were. I guess old Grinder
would call that a mental Illusion, that
is imagining things that ain't.
But then the worker is a man and
can change his mind and stop his
mental illusions, while the horse is
not to b)ame for being born with
magnifying  glasses  for  eyes.
LITTLE TOMMY.
RESOLUTION
Passed
at    City    Hall
Vancouver.
Meeting,
'Whereas the decisions of Magistrate Williams have become a stench
in the nostrils of decency as exemplified by his conviction of the boy
Finlayson and sentencing of him to a
term of six years in spite of the fact
that no crime had been proven
against him; in his conviction of and
therefore placing the stamp of criminality upon the boy Leech for stealing, when In fact the boy had committed no theft whatever, and there
being no shadow of evidence against
him; in his persistent convictions and
penalizing of street speakers of one
kind while street speakers of another
kind are allowed unmolested the same
privileges; and
"Whereas such a course would make
lt appear that justice Is not being ad
ministered with an even hand to
all parties alike;  and
"Whereas these decisions are con
trary to all right and reason and are
not mere incidents, but have characterized his course since taking office;
"Therefore Be It Resolved that in
the opinion of this meeting he is
wholly unfit for the office he occupies
and we demand his dismissal by the
authorities responsible for his appointment, and that a copy of this
resolution be furnished such authorities."
FROM OUT OF THE WORLD,
My Dear Teit —
Your Socialist news Is gratifying
The old country, from papers I see, Is
ln a worse condition than any other
nation In Europe. .My idea is, the
worse It gets the better. There's got
to be trouble so far as I can see. The
lofty indifference of the moneyed men,
their apish assumption of superiority
indicates only one thing—and that Is
the Bamo spirit which was In Charles
I. creed, their entire belief that
Providence chose them, divinely ordained them, to receive the fruits of
other men's labor, put them up like
Moses did the golden serpent for the
rest of Israel to look at and thereby
he healed from all their troubles. The
same spirit, too, which put Charles
I. and James II. off the books, still exists ln England, buried up in custom
and ignorant habit. A mere ember,
perhaps, but still lt is fire, fire unquenchable, and bye and bye when
the fresh air and light gets to It again
It will become a fierce fire as afore,
and there will be a rude awakening
for those wooden-headed effigies doing
deputy for men, noble men as Car-
lyle longs for.
I tell you, my friend, you may talk
peace If you like. We all wish lt to
be peace. "Everlasting peace" will be
the war-cry in the final conflict, but
war it will be yet inevitably, Just as
soon as the balance of the two parties
becomes doubtfully equal. There
never was any great progress made
without a war. Never peace till after
a storm. Therefore, I say, let things
get to the worst, and get quickly. The
sooner things are a-doing, the better
and quicker. You may be sure, too,
that the King Capitalist is not asleep
on this matter, though he may despise
somewhat this day of small things.
As a man said to me in Atlin, "What
can they do?" meaning the Socialists.
That is their spirit at present, and
they go blindly on. Well, let them,
say I, The harder they grind, the
sooner the grit between the millstones
will break them. I hear much on the
wire now that I'm able to take the
press news. It Is not news, but the
same old game, untiringly the same.
I suppose when I get home I shall
soon be up to the neck in matters.
I've no one to fear now. No church
dignitary to bow to. No one who can
say, "What doest thou?" I'd like just
to turn lose and give them a shock.
There are some good men in the
church, I believe, deluded In their beliefs, but honest in their intentions,
but the most of them are "Vicars of
Bray," Just see how quickly the
"magnificent certainty" of their religion, as I saw stated the other day,
will adapt Itself to Socialism just as
soon as the churches become doubtful
about the security of their graft. The
church, Telt. I mean no particular
brand of church dogma. To me it
seems to have been through all ages
the cruelest Institution of graft ever
known in me history of all people,
pretending good and inslduously
practicing every wrong that human ingenuity can devise. It has fostered,
supported and divinely ordained in its
efforts to rule all these evils which
are cursing mankind. One cannot read
history and judge events by the standard of judgment used in ordinary
business affairs without coming to this
conclusion. A trail of blood, outrage
and cruelty through all ages perpetrated in the support of an Almighty Being, One Who devised, ordained and
rules universes, has to be backed up
by the torture of this qwn handwork,
His children, whom He so loved that
He sent His only Son to die for them.
Think of it. Could there be greater
blasphemy to a Supreme Power?
Could there be a more devilish enemy
of a loving Providence, to whom all
men are alike In His sight? I could
go on with the indictment, but It is
unnecessary. Men are becoming irreverent enough to search for the real
and true God and see the demon god,
the church, set up ln all his hldeous-
ness and Insatiable cruelty. But the
church calls It irreverence, blasphemy.
Is lt, think you? The crust of ages
is hard and almost Impenetrable.
Yours, ready for the Big Row,
ATLINER.
PROPAGANDA ZEAL
OF CITY OFFICIALS
(Continued'from page one)
guess but a sure thing, the chance was
too good to be lost.
The next culprit was a Comrade
who, after some other speakers had
finished addressing a crowd, took oc
caslon to seize the opportunity to announce a meeting the following Sunday night at the Cameraphone theatre,
One of the city's propagandists, a big,
fat policeman, was promptly on hand
and took the Comrade's name. Ru
mor hath It that a summons Is even
now wandering around town ln search
of the culprit.
These arbitrary acts of the police
authorities, coupled with a number of
outrageous decisions relating particu
larly to juvenile offenders, dragged into the police court within recent
months, resulted In the calling of a
public meeting at the City Hall on
Monday evening, .May 17, for the purpose of calling attention to these matters. The hall was packed to the
doors. A number of city "sleuths"
were on hand to size up the proceedings, presumably for the purpose of
reporting to the officials as to the
success of the new propaganda. Prom
the temper of the meeting, lt would
seem quite certain that their most
sanguine expectations must have been
realized.
At. this meeting Comrade L. T.
English announced that he would address a meeting on the street at the
old corner on the following evening,
either with or without the consent of
the police. This announcement was
greeted with an enthusiasm that portended that all hands would be there.
The meeting was held as promised.
At least 1000 persons were present.
A sergeant and four policemen made
their appearance, and the speaker was
ordered to stop speaking. This he
refused to do. His name was then
demanded. He promptly told the sergeant it was none of his business.
The five of them thereupon waddled
solemnly up the street like a flock of
fat ducks. The meeting then went on
without further interruption.
Whether the wise city officials will
continue in their zeal to further the
good work of showing to the workingmen of this city that they are
merely the agents of the master class
and kept for the sole purpose of holding the workers in subjection, we
ltnow not. But whatever they may
in their wisdom see fit to do to further the good cause of educating the
workers along the lines necessary to
their deliverance from capitalist bondage, we shall welcome as worthy effort generously contributed to a good
cause. If they push forward the "propaganda of the deed" as earnestly
and zealously as we shall push forward the propaganda of the written
and spoken word, that capitalist class
that owns both city official and "wage
plug" will speedily be put "hors de
combat."
Let the good work go on.
—E. T. K,
»—W»T»
PLATFORM
Socialist Patty of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, In convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class. »
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong. The present economie system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist la therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of tha
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights ln the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever increasing measure
ot misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies in tbe direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production.' To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure lt by political action. This Is tbe class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of Betting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, aa follows:
1. The transformation, aa rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratle organisation and- management of Industry
by the workers.
8. The establishment, aa speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when ln office, shall always and everywhere until the present system la abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will thla legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will the Socialist
Party Is for it; If It will not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely
opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledgee
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its hands in such
a manner aa to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
DON'T BE A SOCIALIST
unless you know WHY you are one. The cause of Socialism has been
tremendously injured and retarded by the ignorance of those who-
talk and write about it without a proper understanding of its principles. The foolish notion of "dividing up" and the story of the
"Irishman's two pigs" come from this source. The capitalist writer
and the speakers deliberately misrepresent our principles, but if every
comrade thoroughly understands Socialism, it will hasten the coming
of liberty for all.
'The Library Of Original Sources"
(In the Original Documents—Translated)
sweeps away the bigotry and snperstition that has accumulated around
Religion, Government, Law, Social Science, etc.—brings to light the
naked truth and shows why Socialism is coming. The "Documents"
cover as well the entire field of thought.
Prominent Socialists Say:
A.»M. 8IMON8: "Will be read
when novels are forgotten—easy
to grow enthusiastic over, difficult to find fault with."
VICTOR L. BERGER: "Of greatest value to Socialist students—
a treasure mine of information."
ERNEST UNTERMANN (Lecturer Scientific Socialism):
"Your kindness is most appreciated and I enclose check.
The Documents will be my most
valued companions this winter."
TOM CLIFFORD (Socialist Lecturer): "That which I have
longingly desired for years, and
which I must confess I despaired
of ever enjoying—'The Library
of Original Sources'—a service
to civilization."
APPEAL TO REASON: "Active
Locals of the Socialist Party
could not make a better Investment than a set of these books."
A. R. LIVINGSTON (Sec. Local,
Hackberry, Kas.): "I owe you
my thanks—greatest addition I
ever made to my library."
WALTER LOHRENTZ (Sec.
Longshoreman's Union, Seattle,
Wash.: "A boom to the working
class who have neither time nor
money to secure a university
education."
ARTHUR MORROW LEWIS
(Lecturer Scientific Socialism):
"I regard lt as the most valuable
part of my library."
SEYMOUR STEDMAN: "It
stands like a pyramid ln a
desert."
Not for "Scholars" but for Thinkers
Tha toilers, the "producers" who irt beglaalag to ba disenthralled ind think lor Iheaielvii
MAIL THIS TODAY
University Research Extension, Milwaukee, Wis.
GENTLEMEN:—Please send review articles by Simons and Berger and
tell me how I can get the 10 volumes and a 20 year membership on a co-operative basis.   No obligation involved by this request.
Address..
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
(||If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate oi cost of
installing the gac pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.

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