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Western Clarion Mar 19, 1910

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 i am i. n m s
-una. 071.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, March 19,   1910.
satMeription Pries  ai mm
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Conservative Party Building up its Labor Record—82 Corporation Bills Passed—One Socialist Amendment.
The House prorogued on Thursday,
March 10th, after sitting for eight
weeks. Take it all round, it has been
a very Interesting session, the most
interesting the writer has attended
for the last three or four years. Any
who thought that the Opposition would
he a negllble quantity because of the
enormous majority against them had
their expectations swept away by
Hawthornthwaite's successful strategy
in capturing the seat of the Opposition
"leader" for the Socialist Party. That
having been accomplished, it was a
foregone conclusion, that if the Socialists could not affect the strength of
their opponents, they were at last in a
position which forced the capitalist
press to at least give fairly decent reports of their doings, and to that re-
suit Socialists will ascribe the chief
value of the position.
The Steam Boilers Inspection Act
came Into Committee on Monday,
March 7, Parker Williams proceeded
to criticise its provisions. He attacked
the classification of engineers into
eight classes under the Bill, saying
that they would soon be classified
down to the Hindus, and asked the reason.
Taylor, Minister of Works replied
that they had found the provisions for
second class certificates unworkable
in the woods, where steam knowledge
was not needed so much as a knowl
edge of braking, equipment, and manner of working.
Williams replied that that argument
of the logging companies was not so
very important, for a donkey engineer
had to understand all there was about
his engine, and none could know
it better, and there was no necessity
for the special additional grades of
certificates. He also took exception
to the special certificates for locomotive engineers on logging railroads,
many of the locomotives used being
equal in power to any on the E. & N*.
railway and having heavier grades and
curves to encounter.
Hawthornthwaite asserted that a
bureau, was being built up under the
Act with arbitrary powers, with the
engineers entirely under the control of
the inspectors, a dangerous system of
govrnment by Bureau that ought to be
avoided. If no representations had
been made against the Act it was because the men knew that If they made
a protest In a meeting of their union
they would have the lower class certificated engineers against them, who
might be prevented from getting a
ticket. He challenged investigation
of his statements.
Taylor denlPd having received any
complaints as to the arbitrary actions
of the Inspectors.
Hawthornthwaite retorted that he
had never heard a good word for them
from employers or engineers. There
were special reasons why the men did
not complain. The Act had been devised by the Inspectors themselveB,
who had built up quite a bureau under it, which was becoming unbearable and would have to be supplanted one day by a more reasonable Act.
As an Instance of the manner the Inspectors performed their duties he referred to the case of an engineer ln
Nanalmo, Although a man of 30 years
experience he had been compelled to
accept a certificate to run a locomotive
"for the Western Fuel Co." They
sometimes talked about chattel slavery, but fancy a man being tied down
to the Western Fuel Co! He had the
Inspectors hauled before the Depart-
"*■ ment for issuing some 400 or BOO tem.
porary certificates, which had been
positively denied by them, until he
had produced evidence to show that
they had been issued under the name
ot permits, which action was totally Illegal.
Taylor said he would give as close
attention as possible to the matter, and
if steps could not be taken to remedy
affairs next session.
Hawthornthwaite then moved the
following amendment aa anew section:
"16. No Engineer holding a certificate
under this Act (except in case of accident or necessity), shall be employed
for a longer period than 8 hours in any
24 hours. (24 hours, for the purpose
of this Act, shall means from midnight
to midnight."
Ayes, Williams, Hawthornthwaite,
Brewster, Jardine.
Noes, Shaw, Fraser, Manson (Skeena)
W. Manson, Tlsdall, Miller, Jackson,
Cawley, Bowser, Cotton, Ross, Shatford, McPhlllips, Thomson, Schofield,
Behnson, Hunter, Young, Taylor, Hayward, Parson.—21
The amendment was again brought
up on Tuesday and defeated, when
the Bill was in the report stage. The
Socialists and Liberals voted in favor
—4 All the Conservatives, exceplt
absentees Watson and Hayward voted against it.—34.
The Dyking Assessment Amending
Act was challenged by Hawthornthwaite on the third reading on Monday, as It increased taxation on the
farmer, which did not appear in the
public accounts, and should be paid
out of the Consolidated Fund.
Noes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite.
Ayes—The two Liberals and all the
Conservatives except absentees Watson, Callanan, Cawley, Caven, McBride, Schofield, Gifford, MeGuire, McKay, Davey.—27
The Bush Fire Act. This Bill reached Committee on Monday, and Williams put up a stiff fight in the interests of the farmers of the coast district, who will be more affected than
those in the interior and upper country. He had introduced an amendment to the act last year to provide
fire wardens to engage he]]) in controlling fire in clearing operations which
had been refused as not In the power
of a private member to introduce. The
Act stood in the way of clearing land.
— the Department refused that aid,
the fires were likely to start "accidentally." The Government Imposed
obligations on the farmers and should
provide that help and put obligations
on the shoulders of owners of adjoining wild land.'
Minister of Lands Ellison stated
he would be pleased to see any reasonable report.
Williams proceeding, pointed out
the different conditions that prevailed
on the Coast to those In the rest of
the Province, and the necessity for
special consideration. The undergrowth
was much denser and the timber
much larger. Fire would often destroy
a stump when a box of powder would
not, and to set fire to a stump in August would not, in many cases, do
any harm. The Department should
trust to the ordinary common sense of
the farmer, as they did to that of the
On Tuesday, he moved the following
To amend subsection (5) of section 2 by adding the following words in
the end thereof: "Where any farnlei
or owner of land neglects or refuses
to obtain Buch permit he may be held
responsible for any damage that may
occur to surrounding holdings by the
starting of such fires."
To add the following as a new Bee-
section to section 2:—
"(6.) Any farmer or settler clearing
land adjoining or contiguous to land
held as wild lands under the Assessment Act, shall, upon satisfying the
Government Agent for the district in
which such lands are situated that his
operations will be facilitated thereby,
obtain an order from such Government
Agent requiring the owner of such
wild land to clear a satisfactory fire
guard around, or partly around, such
wild land."
To add the folowlng as a new section:—
"3. Section 10 of the said chapter
84 of the Revised Statutes, 1897, ls
hereby repealed."
The effect of the first one would be
to exempt the farmer from any legal
liability, and to give him sufficient lati
tude in starting fires which he thought
would not start others.
Ayes—Williams, Brewster, Jardine
Noes—All the Conservatives except
Watson, Fraser, McKenzie, Miller,
Bowser, McBride, Thomson, Wm. J.
Manson, Taylor, MacGowan, Mackay—
24.    These were absent.
The second amendment was an attempt to make owners of wild land
guard against fire. Every move the
farmer made resulted in improving
the value of wild land near him.
The amendment was lost on the
same division.
The third one was to prevent the
employment of the informer and spy.
Any scheme which, relied on that
class of vermin had better be done
away with. It must have been imported from Russia or Spain. It might
be necessary in the case of criminals,
but these farmers were men of a different stamp. For some reason (or
none) mutual jealousies often occurred ln rural centres and one man
of a mean disposition could, by taking advantage of that clause in the
Act, cast suspicion over a whole neighborhood.
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite—
Noes—Brewster, Jardine, and all the
Conservatives except absentees Watson, Fraser, McDonald, McKenzie,
Braden, Manson (Skeena) Miller,
Bowser, Thomson, Behnsen, Manson
(Dewdney), Hayward, McBride—25.
The  bill then passed.
Municipal Clauses Act—On Monday
Hawthornthwaite moved to add the
following subsection:
"30c. From any organization known
as a Citizens Alliance, Development
League, Boosters' Club, or similar
public nuisance, a sum not less than
$1,000 for every six months."
He attacked those organizations for
misrepresenting conditions in the
country, and inducing workingmen to
flock into their districts in the hope
of finding the work that was not
there. The activities of one of these
organizations had done that for Nanaimo, and he always sent the men who
applied to him for help to those people, but had never yet heard of one
getting work through it. The amendment might not be competent to deal
with the position hut something had
to be clone.   These people were capa
ble of  and  were doing  considerable
The amendment was lost, only the
two Socialists being in favor of it.
The agreement with the C. N. R.
was up for report on Tuesday, March
Sth, and Parker Williams moved to
add the following words to subsection (c), section 7, of the Schedule: —
"Provided always, that the lowest
wage paid to any laborer or worker
employed in said construction shall
not be less than $2.50 per day."
He said that the amendment had
been fully discussed in committee and
the ground that the Socialists took
was that the fair-wage clause was no
good, as the railway company paid
what wages they chose, and it was
possible that white men could be employed at considerably less than $2.00
a day. They had been told that the
guarantee of a fair wage was one of
the means that won the Conservative
victory. It was no guarantee as to
wages, and did not guarantee that the
road would be built by white labor.
McBride opposed the amendment,
saying that the government would do
all that was necessary to secure the
road being built by white labor at a
fair wage.
Hawthornthwaite followed, and admitted the truth of an argument of
McBride, that wages could not be
forced up generally, but this happened
to a a special case. Nothing in the
agreement prevented the employment
of Orientals, or low wages to such
unfortunate white men as had to follow that kind of work, and the company had shown no intention of employing white labor. They could
make such poor conditions that white
men would not stop, and they would
have then an excuse to employ Orientals. If the amendment passed it
would afford some relief and ensure
the employment of white labor. He
criticized McBride for using the
phrase "a fair" wage, and hoped that
he would not make such an exhibition
of himself on the floor of the House
again by the use of that term.
Brewster supported the amendment,
which was defeated on the following
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite,
Brewster. Jardine—4.
Noes—All the Conservatives except
absentees   Manson  (Comox), Shatford
(Continued on Page 4)
Socialist Member 'Defends Workmen's Clubs And Introduces
a 'Bill to Enact the Fortnightly Payment of Wages
A severe "gale," now blowing In
Calgary, conveys the information that
siime real estate men are honest. No
one would he cruel enough to contend that they are all dishonest, but
why not decide on the whole one wa>
or the other? One ^s tempted to assume that our breezlst is assisted in
his differentiation by the contributory
tendencies of the discussed parties,
toward the church, Mr. Gale is engaged in the invocation of divine sanction
on "legitimate business" and must, of
course, heighten Ihe virtues of ills pel
creation of contrasts.
Real estate dealers are much In the
siune category as race track gamblers,
the only difference being that the latter bet on a different kind of animal.
Land values are. as we all well know,
determined by the amount and productivity of the labor applied to the land
lu and adjacent to, a given district.
Real estate men are therefore hazard
lng money on the propectlve activities
of the working man-animal, much us
wagers are made on the physical possibilities of a horse. Both types of gambler are merely trying, In their crude
way, to imitate His Majesty, the Capitalist, by securing as much of Labor's
product as possible without the expenditure of any personal energy.
They are all out for the same game
and it ls difficult to see how both
terms, honest and dishonest, can figure
in the description of the same brand of
Punning ls sometimes dlsagreable,
but an adjective descriptive of the velocity and temperature of the Evangelistic tempest mentioned above, Is
so forcibly sugested by his initials, to
refrain from mentioning it were difficult.  They are H. L.
The workingman ls Indeed a strange
creature. He posseses the power tbat
alone is capable of creating wealtb,
but would rather sell it for a fraction
of its own creation than use It lor himself.    Although it is his labor power,
: and his very life, he calmly contracts
i to expend it in the service of another.
| And  when,  sometimes  he gets  more
Ifor  It   than  others.  loud   is  his  cry:
"Behold now me In my independence,
j for my wages are high."   Bul like the
Deacon's old spavined gray nag, he is
j blind   In   one  eye.  for  he  knows  not
j the moaning ot "high." and does not
see that his master's reward Is ninny
times higher.   Nor does he see that his
master's   reward   is   received   for   the
splendid performance of nothing.
Judging from the howl now being
raised about the cosl of living, the poor
"consumer" should be able to force
!tho wicked Capitalist to lower his
prices. Bradstreet's, however, reports
[prices still firm. Meanwhile the work-
er, Instinctively realizing what he refuses to admit—his commodity-nature
—Ib preparing to test the labor power market with a view to preventing
the lowering of his present lofty
standard of living. Perhaps after he
does this a few thousand more times,
he will quit travelling In circles and
begin to look for the real source of his
troubles. The weary Socialist may
then be able to tell blm tbat If he owned his own tools, no one could despoil him of bis product.
Workingmen kick up an awful fuss
about their "rights," when so-called
rights consist of "smoking on cars" or
some other fool thing. However, his
protests seem to pass unnoticed—no
one seems to have any respect for
either the working man or his "rights."
Who can blame them? Who can have
any respect for a class which votes as
the working class does.
A Bill to Enact the Fortnightly Payment of wages.
His Majesty by and with the advise
and consent of the legislative assembly
of the Province of Alberta; enacts as
Short Title.
"1. This Act may be cited as the
Fortnightly Pay Bill.
"2. In every City, Town and Village and within five miles of every
City, Town and Village and in every
other place where more than ten persons are employed, wages shall be paid
to every employee at intervals not
exceeding fourteen days.
"3. AH wages due employees ceasing to work, or being discharged, shall
be paid forthwith.
"4. Every employer and every
agent of an employer who contravenes the provisions of this Act shall
be liable to a penalty of not less than
fifty dollars.
"5. This Act shall come into operation on the flrst day of May Nineteen
Hundred and Ten."
Introduced by C, M. O'Brien. First
Reading, March 8th, 1910.
Premier Rutherford gave notice that
he would, on Wednesday, move that
a railway board of commissioners be
formed. The Board to have full powers of control and to be composed of
himself, John Stocks, Deputy Minister
of Public Works, and Robert Wesley
Jones, the Government engineer. It is
understood however, that Mr. Stocks
will decline to accept. He is not in
favor of the Great Waterways deal
and will have nothing to do with it.
This will place the Government in a
complicated  position.
Boyle asked if the Premier had selected a deputy speaker, and lemind-
ed the Premier that the appointment
of a deputy speaker was imperative
under the new legislative assembly
act passed last session. The Premier
replied lhat he had a man, and shortly
after moved, seconded by Attorney-
General Cross, that John A. Simpson,
of Innlsfail be appointed to that position, The motion was carried by acclamation.
The. House then went into committee of the whole, and a deal of discussion was raised over the application
of the Glelchen Club for Incorporation.
The members seem almost to a man
to want to be placed on record as being favorable to the temperance movement. O'Brien said (hut as he understood clubs, the liquor was not sold
at nil. The members bought it jointly, and they just placed In ihe common pool lii proportion to what they
consumed, lie considered that clubs
were much like a family. Those composing the club as the family were
the combined owners of the liquor;
imi they Individually enjoyed It. He
wn- opposed to the principle of allowing liquor to lie sold In city chips, and
prohibiting 11.-■ use of it In clubs In
small towns, It savored too much of
paternalism, I don't believe lu slopping anyone else doing what I don't
cue to do myself, he Bald, for Instance
I don't play billiards, but 1 would not
want to stop others from doing so,
ami because one mun Is against liquor
Hint ls no reason why others should
he debarred from having It, and he
would be opposed to any such legislation.
March 8th.
The Alberta & Great Waterways
deal was reopened today, when Boyle
gave notice that he would, on Monday
next, move a resolution, which in
effect, censureB the Government for
stripping the flies of the Great Waterways deal, and demands that tbe
Government replace them; and also
a notice of motion by Stewart, that
he would, on Thursday, move a resolution demanding an explanation from
the Government of tbe alleged misB-
Ing $740,000 ln the sale of the Alberta
and Great Waterways Bonds.
The orders of the day calling for
answers to tbe following questions
which were asked the Government by
Mr. Boyle, was, upon request ot the
Premier, as he was not ready to answer them, allowed to stand over. The
question are:
1. Have the Government accepted
the offer of W. R. Clarke, President
of the Alberta and Great WaterwayB
Company, as contained In the letter
addressed to Hon. A. C. Rutherford,
Premier, and laid upon the table ot
the House?
2. If so, what new arrangements, If
any, have been made with the Bald
O'Brien introduced and moved the
flrst reading of "A Bill to Enact the.
Fortnightly Payment of Wages." The
Bill was read the first time. Two Bills
to incorporate companies of exploitation were read a second time. The
House then went into Committee of
tbe whole on a Bill respecting the
Diamond Coal Company, Limited.
March 9th.
Cushing rising to a question of privilege drew the attention of the House
to tbe Edmonton Morning Journal,
which represented him as having flrst
accepted, and then rejected an Invitation from the Premier to re-enter
the cabinet. He wished to say that the
report was absolutely untrue, he had
conferred with the Premier but had
refused to re-enter the Cabinet.
The Attorney-General was not in
his place, and it is announced that he,
together with Deputy Attorney-General, also Hon. Buchanan, Minister without portfolio, but who was to have
been Minister of Municipalities, have
all resigned. The final announcement
has not yet been made, but it is recognized now that Premier Ruther-
ford cannot possibly hold the administration together much longer.
Two Bills received a flrst reading,
four received the second reading and
the House went into Committee of the
whole to consider two Bills, none of
which are of much importance to the
March 10th.
Afler the routine business of the day
had been rushed through, which took
about half-an-hour, the resolution by
Stewart calling for information about
the sale of the A. G. & W Bonds being
laid over till Monday, as was also the
Premier's motion calling for the appointment of a Hoard of Railway Commissioners. A Hill respecting the Salvation Army received its third reading, this being the flret Bill to be advanced to that stage, although the
House has now been In session for 21
days. Tho Premier was supported by
two of his ministers to-day. the only
two remaining, Attorney-General Cross
lion. Buchanan, Minister without portfolio, having both resigned, Deputy
Attorney-General Woods, has also
handed in bis resignation, and John
Stocks, Deputy Minister of Public
Works has also Intimated that he will
resign, rather than become a member
of the Board of Railway Commissioners, ns proposed by the Premier. This
although ii has become common property has not been formally announced
by the  Premier.
Bennet (C), Interrupted the motion
to adjourn to-day, and pressed tno Premier for an explanation. II was time,
he said, that the House took stock of
the situation. Three Cabinet Ministers have disappeared from their seats
and there has been no explanation.
The situation Is unprecedented. It is
idle to ignore the fact that tho situation was very grave, and the legislature was becoming the laughing stock
of Canada.
The Attorney-General although he
had made a statement that he was out
of the Cabinet for good, and that he
Intended to devote his time to the practicing of law, and that for the future
he had done with politics, sprung a sensation, to put it mildly, wben he walked Into the House and took his usual
seat on the Treasury Benches This
move is believed to be the outcome of
a conference between the Lieutenant-
Governor, the Premier and the Attorney-General this morning
Tho 1 Btn Qinn
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member the Commune and strike hard'
and strike home without mercx; Not
for revenge, but for future self-protection and the protection of their
women and babes.
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aezt issue.
SATURDAY,   MARCH   19th,   1910.
It is now almost forty years since
what may be considered the first con
scious attempt on the part of the proletariat to break their chains of economic bondage. On the eighteenth of
March, 1871, after Paris had been surrendered to the Germans by the
French Government, who feared the
Parisian proletariat more than the
Prussian invader, the Commune was
proclaimed in Paris. The same day
the bourgeois government fled to Versailles. Later, the young bloods ami
the red-light element attempted a demonstration but one volley from the National Guard sent them scuttling out
of Paris after their patrons.
Then commenced the Civil War.
The Germans showed their class consciousness by immediately making
common cause againsl the proletariat
with the bourgeosie of Prance, against
whom they had just previously been
waging war. Bismarck closed the approaches to Paris from the Nortli and
liberated over 40,000 French soldiers,
who were prisoners of war in his
hands, to make war upon the workers of Paris, and even offered German
troops for the purpose.
President Thiers, not yet feeling
himself strong enough to crush the
Commune, sought to gain time by
opening up negotiations. The Communards, instead of marching upon
Versailles and dealing the government
a crushing blow, fell into the trap and
wasted their precious time in conferences with Versailles, and in condemning them by resolution. Not till April
2nd were there any hostilities, when
the Versailles troops took the aggressive at Courbervie. The prisoners
they took they abused and some of
them they shot. Nevertheless the
Commune forbade reprisals as they
wished to give the government no reason for retaliation, evidently having
little Idea of the ferocity of the capitalist beast. At the behest of leaders, inspired by the petty bourgeois'
ideas of Proudhon, they would not
even touch the 1600,000,000 lying ln
the valuts of the B««ik of France.
In some of the proletarian centres
outBide of Paris atempts were made In
aid of the Communards, but they
were crushed by the military and a
state of siege proclaimed.
At the end of April Thiers found
himself with 142,000 troops at his disposal. The Communards had some
96,000 National Guards.
Finally, on May the 21st the Versail-
leso succeeded in entering the city
by an unguarded gate, and the slaughter commenced In real earnest. The
Communards barricaded the streets
and fought, from barricade to barricade
till the 2fllh when Vincennes surrendered and the Commune was no more.
The bourgeosie showed how little
excuse they needed for reprisals. Men,
women and children were butchered
in tho streets for wuoks 4111 Ihe stench
of the corpses called a halt, lu Paris
alone 20,000 were massacred. Forty
thousand were takon to Versailles and
and herded like cattle. Thousands
died from their wounds. Tens of thousands were executed, the remainder
were transported or iiliprlsoned. There
was no let up till September. After
that there were still court martinis
and shootings and transportation on a
smaller scale.
The Bticcess of tho Commune was,
of course, Impossible at that stage of
economic and social development, hut
It was rendered even less possible
by the errors of (,'oniinuniirils, inspired
though those very errors were by the
purest of motives.   So it was also with
our brave comrades of the Baltic Provinces iii their temporarily successful
revolt against their masters. With
mistaken generosity llu-y escorted
their barons In safety to the frontier.
Tliere is one type of cheerful optimist, generally "well-to-do" in a large or
small way, who regretfully admits that
things are not quite as well as they
might be, but deprecates the stirring up of class hatred, and insists
that the remedy for our present ills
lies in ihe moral regeneration of the
Tills is exactly what our preachers,
teachers, prophets and philosophers
have been attempting for thousands
of years, from the Rev. Dr. Fraser
back lo Buddha and beyond; when
they have not been busy trying to
make their pious moralities square
with the interests of the ruling class.
And there can hardly be said to be a
cloud of witnesses to attest any marked progress. Indeed, rather, we find
the Untutored savage in many ways
several shades higher in morality
than the most advanced product of
this glorious civilization of which our
religionists are so fond of claiming
the credit. And we have no reason
to doubt that very like the savage survivals of to-day was tbe savage of old
before the moralists had illumined
his mental horizon with the light of
th ir inspired  revelations.
However a mere detail of this sort
by no means discourages our optimistic friend who continues to give his
faith to the effectiveness of an "awakened moral sense" as a means of right-
ing "social wrongs" and ameliorating
economic hardships. . If the moral
sense could be so awakened that the
capitalist and the laborer would deal
the one with the other upon the basis
of the golden rule there would be an
end to industrial strife and everything
would be lovely (for "the public," we
presume), is his theory.
But what is even more laughable
he has often so great faith in the
virtue of individual regeneration that
he will even set about attempting, or,
more generally, in truly capitalist lash-
Ion, will hire a professional regenerator to do so. The really funny part
of it is lhat'he invariably insists on
getting in his work on the laborer,
who already is about as good to the
capitalist as is compatible with his
own survival on this footstool nnd
often even better than that. Also,
the laborers being very much more
numerous, the task of regenerating
them individually appears to be quite
a large order.
There might be some sense to it If
he would try to awaken the moral sense of the capitalists, eveii thotign that
is too dead to be awakened by anything short of Gabriel's trump at the
crack of doom. At any rate the capitalists, if their moral sense did happen to he awakened, hat e quite a mar-
Jin to do-as-they-would be-done-by on.
And there are not so many of them to
For our part neither of these plans
looks to us sufficiently practical in
theory or sufficiently successful in
practice for further trial We see no
hope of regenerating <he laborer except by feeding the orute better in
every way, nor the capitalist except
by taking away his capital. This brotherly love gag is gutting somewhat
threadbare, so let cluss hatred flourish.
SATURDAY, MARCH  19th,  1910.
now historic Shack (Gribble|a)v.to tha
speak oh value, but aif.unfortunatef/ai:
cldent\pre"Veflted hirii from, turning up
(he naving found & temporary master),
so Taylor had to do _ the tiick two
weeks ahead of his prearranged date.
This was his first attempt as a speaker
on any occasion and he tackled that
brain-twister "Labor Power a Commodity." Taylor Is not an orator and
I hope he never will be. But he Is a
deep thinker and has a good grasp of
economics and in the simplest language he conveys to his listeners what
he wants them to know. I learned a
good deal from Taylor that night on
gold production and the rising prices
of commodities, something I could not
get out of books to my satisfaction; he
explained and I grasped it readily. Yve
had an attendance of 22, mostly strangers. Quite a few of our regulars were
away that night en account of work.
Taylor used to be a great I. L. P.
man till a short time ago, in fact he
voted for International affiliation at
that famous meeting of Local Toronto
and was highly indignant at us lmpos
TW-niiS-^eTr^igSteo^li pcintetjitW
night liCNe*^ to^fiuiuce. yotfM Xtllifs-,
tigate. it . svi.'fa. aih;4pen mind. You are
more prejudiced' against it than • aiiy
old-party pb^tii'ian '.'tver was against
poiiileal Sot-jajfem.
Yourself; "ye editor," E. T. K. and
the other S. P. C. giants have formed
your ideas of unionism under the old
craft regime, and you seem incapable
of reaching beyond it. You say that
politics is but a reflex of industrial
conditions—gauged by the materialistic conception. Then you say that our
fnilusliial movement is sure in a muddle, and unionism in decadence. Where
does that logically leave the political
reflex? Our industrial movement is
sine in a muddle; and so is our political movement, and only by consolidation on the industrial field under revolutionary industrial unionism can we
ever he pe to have a clear political
I'ollical Socialism Is destructive;
industrial unionism Is constructive.
They are two weapons—what the .McKenzie" sneerlngly calls a "double-
barrelled" movement.   They so hand
sihlists.    After the meeting at  which. In glove; but act apart from one
lie spoke was over he said to me, "I
learned all I know about Socialism and
economies out of the speakers' classes
and the sooner the locals all over the
country organize speakers' or econo
mic classes the better for the party."
His opinion is this, that the only way
to keep the reformers out of the party
Is by securing a well-educated membership, and the only way to prevent
squabbles is by educating the workers
and not promising them reforms.
Who said we neglect propaganda and
antagonize trade unionists? Local 24
runs one propaganda meeting a week
and one speakers' class meeting a
week also. There is a bunch of mis-
fist in Toronto claiming to be Socialists and they are splashing ink all over
the province yelling for fair play and
referendums. Their only claim to notice Is because they are so vigorously
denouncing and endeavoring to belittle
the efforts-of the members of Local 24.
It is a fact that they have not held
one propaganda meeting and they profess to number 210. Just imagine 210
Socialists organized in a district and
not being able to get an audience of
wage slaves together. I think I would
die if I could not hear a rebel at least
once a week. Actions, however, speak
louder than words. It Is control "the
misfits" are looking for. By a policy of
misrepresentation and shallow appeals
to democracy they evidently hope to
control the party in Ontario. Suppose,
instead, they act accordingly to the
principles they profess to uphold and
preach Socialism. Or would their leaders sooner ride on the back of working
class effort into international reputation for themselves? But that is too
tender a spot to touch upon.
F. G. S., Toronto.
Local Toronto held its regular Sunday propaganda meeting at the Labor
Temple, Feb. 20. The boys were able
to secure Com. Cunningham of Guelph
for the afternoon's address and were
rewarded by hearing an excellent talk
3ii "After Capitalism, What?"
The speaker made no promises or
prophecies and bluntly told his audience that on the working class alone
rested the burden of changing the
present form of society. He was particularly good in his description of how,
by the efforts of previous slave socle-
tics, different forms of production hud
been built up and then destroyed to
make way for better systems. Now
the slaves of the past having by their
industry made the present capitalist
system an actual fact, it was up to the
slaves of the present to do their part in
preparing for a belter system. The
slaves had the power by political action, if they would only use it.
The talk, as I said before, was a
good one and brought out a good discussion which was marred somewhat
by two of the audience drifting into an
argument on the merits of craft unionism versus Industrial unionism.
These two champions of unionism
would be doing their duty better If
they used their respective unions for
their only purpose, that is. keeping up
the price of their commodity, labor
power. Any spare time they may have
they could with profit to themselves
and their class, use In political action
for the emancipation of their class.
Local 2-1 has, true to Ils class Interests, run propaganda meetings    every
Sunday   ihls winter.   We have   also
Whence they returned later with  the I moved the speakers' class   from   the
Twinkle, twinkle. Halley's comet!
'Tis to you I write this sonnet;
Just to ask you what you're doing,
Threatening us with wreck and ruin.
We're an old acquaintance, damn It!
No, not us; but this old planet;
And although It's topsy-turvy,
Such a trick would be most scurvy.
We'll admit to run lt proper,
We've not done it as we oughter;
But just y ou hold on a minute,
There's a secret—and you're in it.
Since we humans were invented.
Stuck here and allowed to rent it
We've been puzzling out some notion
To give each his due proportion.
We've tried early communism,
Serfdom, slavery, capitalism;
And have sloughed each in succession
(Bar, of course, the last in question).
Now its turn is on the time-card,
And, hy gum, it sure is dying hard;
Got to go, though.   Too abusive—
Too much misery—that's conclusive.
Now the secret (it's between us;
Don't tell Neptune, Mars or Venus).
That will surely bridge this chasm—
What's It called?  Why, Socialism.
Basy, ain't It? Solves this puzzle;
Happiness pursuits unmuzzle—
All his products to the worker,
Naught whatever to the shirker.
Master, slave and all will pass;
No more war 'twixt class and class;
No more starving, destitution.
Bloody war, or prostitution;
N'o more poor and no more rich.
.Man to man shall meet as such.
Spoil it, will you? Don't you do it!
Or you'll never live to rue It.
Alter all these obligations,
Halting rhymes in poor relations;
Wll bout further word or sign,
To the timbers tall for mine.
other. Pure and simple political action alone ls just one perpetual compromise, More about this anon, barring, of course, "ye editor" don't drop
this In the W. P. B.
On Wednesday, February 3rd, al the
Registry Office, Kendal, England, F. S.
Faulkner to Annie Thornboriow. Both
Suy, Gribble, you'd better hand over
thai bunch of "bay leaves" that have
been adorning your manly brow this
while back. Don't you think this
screed deserves them? While you are
it. let's hear if you can define "politics" yet, I was a little surprised to
hear you slighting "industrial un-
toiiism" in the last Clarion.  I thought
Alberta Crisis Drawing Nearer
(Continued from Page 1)
The regular business of the House
was proceeded with. Attorney-General Cross, moved the second reading of
a bill respecting towns. Immediately
Uiley arose and moved an Amendment
that all words ofter the "Preamble" be
struck out and the Bill be hoisted for
six months, as the House no longer had
any confidence in the administration,
A. Division being called for, the result
of the vote being 20 in favor of the
Government and 17 against. Finlay
and Genge have not yet taken their
seats, both being HI, O'Brien having no
interest in tne outcome, left the House
when the Dilsion was called and resumed his sent afterward.
Smith, of Camrose, gave notice of a
resolution for Tuseday, calling for the
establishment of a Board of Railway
Commissioners, independent nnd removed from political control, which
would have full power under the Acts
of guarantee
The Bulk Sales Act introduced by
Riley was rend a second time, after
comment, Boyle said lie would not support the Bill, while Bennett and the
Premier saw excellent qualities in it.
Premier Rises to Explain.
The Premier rising to move the adjournment till Monday, staled that he
still occupied the flrst Minister's chair,
in spite of the rumors that he had resigned, or was obout to resign, and he
hoped that he would occupy that chair
for a long time, yet He had accepted no resignations, and he hoped to
have the Public Works Department
filled soon.
Bennett pressed the premier for an
explanation regarding the disappearance of the Ministers from the Cabinet
benches during the last few days The
Attorney-General, he said, had given
out a statement that he had resigned
from the Cabinet and was out of poll-
tics for good, and that he had taken up
law again. Such a statement as the
Premier had given was quite inadequate, it was mere twaddle, he said,
further, that it was his duty to inform the flrst Minister that he must
give an explanation, the House had a
right to know, and that the Premier
was either insincere or incompetent.
Whey, he continued, does not tho Pre-
ler take the House into his confidence
and answer the questions put by the
honorable members? Why does he not
answere these questions? Has the Attorney-General resigned? Has he returned lo the Cabinet? Has the Mlnls-
wlthout Portfolio (Buchanan), resigned? We have a right to ask these
questions and we have a right to know,
we are not suppliants, we are exercising our functions in this House as legislators.
Marshall, Minister of Agriculture,
said Ihey were sticking to the ship and
would only go down when the old ship
wont down.
Premier Rutherford said. I have
stated lhat we still have a Government,
I know my duty. On two occasions
my Government has been endorsed by
the people of this Province, and I don't
have to go to the junior member for
Calgary to know what to do or say.
Bennett, It's a pity you didn't.
Premier, I have been Crank with the
House, I can't help this newspaper
Bennett—Has the Minister from
Lethbridge (Buchanan^ resigned? The
Premier has stated Hint he has accepted no resignations, yet we find the hon.
member -for Lethbridge in a private
member's seat and' voting against the
Premier (paying no attention to Bennett's query), my motion is that the
House do now adjourn till Monday at
4 o'clock,
;.*yy *■" ;V**-j**--f^^.w--H; ■
=■*, J:.'>*., -my$. p^CS '«?''"'
.... — v-.v   ...
Sociilist Directory
gmT" E*"rr Loot of the Socialist Party ol
Canada should run a card under thi. bead
tl.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. Mc-
Kenxle, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836. Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every Alternate Monday hi
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofllco. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province. ,
H. nxtotiy, Sec, Box G'7 Calgary, Alta.
tlve Committee. Meets tlrst nnd third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King: and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement
s. Summing., organizer: w. ii Stebblngs;
316 Good st , Winnipeg, Man.
Committee.   Meets In l.abur Temple, 1*57
Ohurch    St.. Toronto, on 1st and 3rd
Wednesdays. Organizer, W. Gribble, 134
Hogarth Ave., Toronto. P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape Ave.
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKln-
non's, Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane,
Secretary, Box 13, Olace Bay, N. S.
Propaganda and business meetings at
?,J)m' evJry, Snn&y evening in thb
Edison Parlor Theatre. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are In-
vited to attend B. F. Dayman, Secretary.    W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer
C. Business meetings every Saturday
\ pim' "'••■'••Juarters on First Ave
lulu, Williams, sec, Ladysmith, B. c
Lve,1y ,1,u,"dli''  7.:3° <*••**•  ln  McGregor
Hall   (Miner's   Hall),   Mrs.   ThornTey,
meets In Aliners' tiairivVrySunday at
       8   Campbell, Secy.,   p.   o.
7:30   p.
Box. *7.*- Rowland Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall. Sunday, at
7:80 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P o Box
766 rfossland, B. C.
every   Friday   evening   at   8   p.m.,   In
Miners'   Hall.    Nelson,   B.   c.      e    A
Organizer; I, A. Austin, Secy.
meets every Sunday at «:30 p.m.. la
Miners' Hall. Matt Hallday, Organizer.    H.  K.  Muclnnls, Secretary
of C. Meetings every Sunday at S
p.m in the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
LIghth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and Heading Room. I.auor Halt, r, H
iloMncli 11 Box 647. Secretary, A. Mac
"aid. Organizer,    Box 647
P of C„  meets every tlrst  and  third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
J. uhpliaut, Secrelary.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store. 161 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
Finnish.      Meets    every    second
fourth Thursdays in the month at 151
Hastings St. W.    Secretary, Wm. Myntti
Headquarter, and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building. 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, I p.m. Propoganda
meetings    every    Sunday    at    Orand
meetings    every    Sunday
Theatre,     a.   Thomas,   secretary.
LOOAL NANAIMO, NO. S,  S.  P. Of  0.,
meet, every alternate Sunday evening
In Fore.ter. Hall. Bualness meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 oclock|
Jack Place,  R.c  Secy.,  Box  fit.
LOOAL     COLSMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     S.
Meets every Sunday night ln tha
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
P. of c. Headquarters 622 First St.,
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our Reading Room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
I-'. Bluke 649 Athabasca Ave., Secretary-Treasurer, T. Blssett, 322 Fourth
St., Organizer.
qcc.ru rs, Kerr's Hull, 130 i-a Adelaide Stree
cipp.kobii 11 Motel. Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. Secretary, J, W. Hilling,
27* Veiling St; Organizer, 11. McDoug.Il, 434
Jarvis St. 41
LOOAL   PBRNIN,   S.   P.   of   O,   MOLDS
educational meetings ln the Miners
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Buslnesa meeting rtrat Sunday In each
month, same place at 2:30 p in
DnvM Patuit, Secy, Hox mi
C„ meets every Sunday In Miners
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of euch
mouth     Geo   11 H'herum,  organizer; K .J
Campbell, Secretary, Ilex 124.
of C.—Business meetings 2nd and 4th
Wednesdays in the month, at the Labor
Temple, Church St. Propaganda meetings every Sunday ut :i:|$ o'clock at
the Labor Temple. Speakers' class
every Thursday nt 8:00 o'clock nt Labor
Temp e. J.   Stewart,  Secretary,
62 Seaton St.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.  S,   B.   T.   OP  O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday ln
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Roberts-
Allan Hall, 7 8 Itldeau St. A. U. Mc
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
C., meets avery secotto aud last Friday in
each mouth, rhns. chancy Secretary,Box
127, Vernon, 11. C.
S3, S. P. of O.—Meets every Sunday In
hall in Empress Theatre Block at 8:00
p.  m.    Angus  Mclver,  Secretury.
LOOAL MARA, B. C, NO. 34, S. P. of O.
Meets nrst Sunday ln every month In
Socialist Hall, Mara, 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Rosoman, Recording Secretary.
LOOAL   COBALT,   NO.   S,   S.   P.   OP   O.
Propaganda and business meeting,
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miner.'
Hall. Everybody Invited to atten-d-
Arthur L. Motley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   BERLIN,   ONT.,   NO.   41,   B.   P.
of C, meets every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at 8 p.m., 66
King  St.   B.,   opposite   Market   Hotel.
V. A. Miiitz, Sec, 98 West Lancaster Street.;
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Macdon-
aid's hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland, Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. Q.
Ross, Financial Secretary, office ln D.
N. Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
WatTfi Workflrc wh0 Und.r$iand
means ara usually socialist.. Batt.r look Into
Uieciaastlnn for yourself. Write rour address
on the Unas below, mall us the conpnn wltb 10
cent* and you wlll get a hundred.page Illustrated maaazlu. and a 68-pu. Illustrated bunk
that will help you decide very quickly which
side you ar. on,
'•O nets	
s.ii.l n„ iwo-c,nl,u„i|i.    Ad'rail
diaries H. Kerr * Co.. 134 Ktarle St., Chicago,
60c per yesr
Two for s dollar
Six months 26c.
Published at Cowansville, P.(J.
What all married people and
those contemplating marriage,
ought to know. By W. K. C.
Larson, M. D.; and John Cowan,
M. D. $3.00 by mail. Dr.
Browne's True Marriage Guide,
$1.50 by mail.
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St.'W.
Land For Sale
100 acres in N. Enderby district, Okanagan Valley. Finest
agricultural land in the province.
The best t6 be obtained for fruit
hay and vegetables.
In blocks to suit at $40 per
acre, net. X mile from new railway station, )i mile from school.
River frontage. Enough dry
wood on property to pay forclear-
ing. Socialist neighbors. For
full particulars apply to
Bernard Rosoman
672 Enderby B. C.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
City Hall
Vancouver B. C. SATURDAY,   MARCH ,19th,   1910.
 nasi        il ii*»—
Tb" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box  836, Vancouver, B. C.
Meeting Monday, March 14th, 1910.
Present Comrades Karme (chairman)
Mengel, Morgan, Peterson, Stebblngs
and the Secretary and Com. Rivers ot
Sointula, B. C.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Charters granted Locals Markervllle,
and  Brskine, Alta.
Correspondence dealt with from Ontario, Manitoba and Alberta, Provincial
Executives, Locals Port Arthur (Lit-
tlsln ami Hamilton, Ont., Fennel Hall,
Sask., nnd Organizers O'Brien, Gribble
and Fillmore.
Warrants drawn for $50 to Manitoba Campaign Fund.
Manltabo Ex. supplies $ 50.00
Alberta  Ex., supplies     15.00
B. ('. Executive, supplies     75.00
Local Pennell Hall, Sask       2.25
Clarion .Maintenance Fund, February surplus          2.25
B. .1. L. $1.00; J. Cartwright $1.00
Rambler $1.50; A. J. Browning
50c        14.00
Total    ' $156.00
Meeting, Monday, March 11th, 19V).
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Nanaimo, Victoria, Gibson's Landing, New Westminster and Michel.
Ixical Michel stamps and buttons $10.50
Local New Westminster, stamps
and buttons       7.00
Local  Nanaimo, Buttons     2.80
Loral Vancouver, stamps   10.00
Local  Vancouer, stamps  10.00
L,oca1 Vancouver Finnish) supplies        5.50
Lindley and Mcintosh, dues     2.00
Total    $47.80
Warrants authorized for postage $;'
and to Dominion Executive for supplies  $75.00.
Meeting held March 6th,
Present, Comrades W. McKinnon
(chairman). McLeod, Brodie, Nicol.
Mrs. A. .McKinnon. McPherso'.i, No. 6.,
and  the  secretary.
The minutes of the previous meeting
read and approved as read.
Correspondence dealt with from
Newcastle Local, Moncton, and Comrade Filmore.
On motion, the secretary's report
for January and February was received On motion the secretary was instructed to forward to all members of
the Party in Maritime Provinces, a circular letter calling for funds to support
an organizer.
The secretary   was   authorized   to
send $5 to Dominion    Executive   for
Dues Stamps, also $2 for card in Clarion in February and March.
Local  Sydney  Mine, stamps $ 6.00
Ixical St. John, stamps     1.00
Ixical Newcastle, stamps     1.90
Local Fredericton, stamps     2.10
Ixical North Range, stamps     1.50
Total    $12.50
January Card in Clarion $1.00
Dom. Ex. 100 dues stamps  5.00
Receipt Book 15
Money Order 03
Postage stamps      68
Total    $6.86
Meeting held at headquarters, March
Kth, 1910.
Present, Comrades, Danhy (chairman), McDonald, Mnchln, Mathews
and Oxtoby.
Correspondence   dealt   with   from
Markervllle, Brskine, Evarts, Hillcrest,
Camrose. Dominion Executive nnd Organizers Gribble and O'Brien,
Markervllle   $«.oo
Brskine   H-00
Evarts        7.25
Calgary        »-00
Calgary   Ukrainian    , .50
Constitutions   25
Hillcrest       6.50
Calgary, Ukrainian       1-75
Total    $41,25
Do. Ex. on account $15.00
Com.  Matthews' tour  10.00
Calgary Local No: 4, rent     2.00
Co. A.  McDonald,  Posters     5,50
Secretary for postage 03
Total    $33.13
Dear Comrade:—
1 notice in issue 564 of the Western
Clarion, Gribble gives advice to locals
how  to  organize, but he has left a
very important factor out. That is the
sales of literature I have had a little
experience of literature seling. I
noticed how slack they were both in
Philadelphia and New York City.
Immediately after the lecture, the
speaker (before taking questions)
should put up for sale the Clarion and
any other literature. He should impress the crowd during his speech
with the necessity of reading Socialist
literature. If the response Is not
hearty enough he should get down
'among the audience and show ihe copies. It is most effectual and the increase would soon be enormous.
It appears that, the S. P. of Canada
have not yet pamphlets of their own.
Under the circumstances, seeing they
do not advocate palliatives, it would
not be a bad idea to obtain supplies of
literature from the S. P. of G. B. There
would be an enormous profit If sold
at five cents each. A great deal of the
dope sent from the U. S. A. is simply
awful, and is inimical to the interests
of the S. P. of Canada.
You want to build up a real revolutionary Party and it cannot be done
without reforms are exposed. The reform element in any party ought to be
cleared out. The history of the movement in Great Britain should be a sufficient lesson lo you men and women in
Canada. If the S. D. P. here had been
straight out revolutionary instead of
compromising and treacherous, such
bastard organizations as the I. L. P.
and Labor Party could not have existed. Don't let it occur in Canada; push
the literature. Own the Party press.
Expose the fallacy of reform as you
are doing and all will be well. Articles such as the leaders in your paper
and those you reprint from the Socialist Standard will easily dispose of
those who are so desirous of having
a palliative platform.
I am gald Gribble is so virile and so
determined not to be side-tracked.
More power to your elbow,
Your fraternally,
.Manchester, Eng.
THAT MAN C. W. Post, manufacturer of breakfast sowdust at Battle
Creek, Mich., seems to. be very touchy
and ready to fight when peanut shells
are mentioned, In referring to the Incident already mentioned in this paper
that three carloads of peanut shells
billed for Battle Creek had been
wrecked on a railroad, the Battle
Creek Journal published an editorial
on the matter, but stated that it was
certain that the peanut shells were
not consigned to Post and that they
were not to be used in any way to impose upon the public. This wise, neighborly disclaimer, instead of pleasing
Post, seemed to have a contrary effect
and he rushed into court and started
a libel suit against the Journal. The
latter paper again printed an editorial exonerating Post of using peanut
shucks in his plant and gently hinted
that the peanut shells might have
been consigned to the Battle Creek
Enquirer, Post's paper, as "brain food
for the editorial staff. This made
Post and his hired scribblers hopping
mad and they sued the Journal for
$50,000 damages. Then the Journal
came back with a suit for $300,000
against the Enquirer, Post and Mayor
Bailey for libel. And so a fierce battle
rages at Battle Creek, with the issue
apparently plain. If the Journal can
prove that Post does not use peanut
shells In breakfast food, that paper is
vindicated. If, on the other hand, the
Journal was mistaken and Post, does
use shucks, then Post wins.—Cleveland
I sec by the daily press that the
Salvation Army  has  sent  a  batch  ot
200 emigrants to Canada, the advance
guard of 10,000 which the Army expects to send  this season.
Great! Wont the fat pot-bellied,
gouty old Capitalist smile when ho
sees these 10,000 wage-mules lauded on
the shores of Canada, ready to compete
with the wage-mules who are already
here struggling with their last breath
for existence.
Say you slaves, can't yoii see the
prospertiy McBride and his political
pimps blow so much about, coming in
the shape of 10,000 more competitors
for you Jobs.
Gee, but its great to be a v.age-slave
Just think when you want your wages
raised a mite and you go on strike,
and the boss-shoves In a few of the
10,000. See the prosperity? You bet
It comes right in und takes your job
away from you. Ob, its fine alright.
Such a thrill. Shoves your job from under you.
Get ready to hit the ties, you asses,
its your own damn fault.
Editor Clarion:
Dear Comrade,—-Local 56, South Vfel-
lington, B. C, was called to order last
night at 7 o'clock with a visit from
Com. Parker Williams, and I must say
the callousnes or indifference displayed
by some of our members is on a par
with the deadheads or woodenheads
running around outside.
It is past my comprehension why
they don't get a hustle on, especially
when we have one of our comrades
from the duck-pond at Victoria to give
us a help along. They don't even attend the meetings to register a kick of
some kind. There is an indifference
existing something of this shape: "Oh,
well, if I pay my dues, that is all that
is necessary," but I want to tell them
that it ls not. We want to have them
all down at the meetings especially the
business part, and be a moving spirit,
not a malingerer. I'm sure if it wasn't
for our "foreign" comrades (as the
Britisher would say, and you •'British"
please mark), our meetings would certainly be empty. The intelligence they
display is a credit to their understanding, and they are certainly away ahead
of our English-speaking race, both in
honesty of purpose and honesty of
There is one thing I am pleased to
know and that is we have 20 members
and they are as full of the present, conditions as an egg, they know exactly
what is the matter, but I can't excuse
them for being absent on that score.
As we al know. Comrades, It is a
hard proposition for any new starter to
mount a platform and deal out the
dope to a pack of intelligents that
know exactly as much as yourself, but
previous to Com. Williams we had a
few words from Com. A. Godfrey who
has some good stuff to get off his chest,
but says he is in his element when running amuck among some of those do-
Well, our comrade from tha duck
pond was beyond the above proposition, he had some pretty encouraging
remarks to say as regards our young
local, and put us into the way of becoming fairly average speakers the
same as some of his opponents down
below. Moral, select a knot in the
ceiling or spider's web in some distant
corner, and rivet your optical on that,
keep In mind that you know more than
the other fellow, shut your brainbox off
to all reason why you are there and
who sent you, and just start in and
peddle the bull.
No doubt our comrade is i i;ht, for if
the working plug is even taking a little
interest in the doings of the house, he
can't but see and know that he is being
fleeced and by the very men he put
there to do him good. But rum, whiskey und beer, eggs, pie and fruit will
come round again next election, also
the spoiululics he has been fleeced out
of. Pocr, ignorant, shrivelling reptiles, apologies for manhood and twentieth-century   education,    take     your
medicine and be d d to you, for we
have to take it along side of >ou and
not complain!
Well, another time our comrade
touched upon the antics of about 34 of
the members and likened them to a
pack of imitation wooden dolls or
Images set a bobling up and down
with clock-work regularity by a train
of invisible levers in the hands of McBride. Whenever he quacked, he pulled the levers and all the other imitations would bob up in their turn, quack
and bob down again, to the same emptiness, until the drake quacked again.
(I would have said ducks, as all the
farmers know that they play "follow
your leader, boys"). 1 think our comrade has an eye to the funny side of
life, as well as to the serious.
The great drawback amongst the
working class is that they don't think,
do or say enough for themselves. They
are content to leave all their thinks
doings and' sayings to the other fellow
and follow blindly along, but they are
left to find their way through the knee-
deep grime and dirt, stifling smoke and
dust, like a poor, ignorant miner leaving the bright sunshine and entering a
mud tunnel following a will-o'-the-wisp
light until he butts up against the
block, where he has been taught to
knock his body and soul out (of existence it he likes) for his master, to
keep his body and soul ever in an atmosphere of pure light, air and surroundings.
If we could prevail upon the common-sensed plug to just consider a moment and ask himself, "Who am I?
What am I? What am 1 here for? Who
do I belong to? Why do I remain?" I
fancy I hear blm answering himself
"I am a man. I am a darned tool. I
am here to be exploited. I don't belong to myself, that's a cinch. I have
been'existing to make my masters
have good times, now I wish to remain
to have good times myself and I'm going to help them come my way in the
future by changing all profit robbery,
by looking up my local and assisting
mentally and financially."
While making a little allowance for
i hose who are mentally deficient and
can't posibly grasp the situation, yet
these other malingerers who know
what is the mater and slink behind for
the sake of a paltry 10 cents or so, or
the trouble to vote (who would rather
pollute their body and soul otherwise),
and who eventually will ride in on the
band wagon, let us slough them
at once, for they are no better than
the scalawags who already ride or are
hanging to our backs, and treat them
with the utmost contempt as mitlinger-
ers of the very worst type.
Now, comrade, I must close with a
call to all human and common-sensed
individuals to butt in with their little
mite, look up your locals and study the
situation for yourselves, for unless you
help yourselves as Individuals no powers of gods can help you, and don't be
a mulingerer is the appeal of
Yours in revolt,
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone .ending a eUel cli mid clppcrltillnn m.y
quickly ascortiiln nur <>|iIiiImm frtco whcllior an
 ilk ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^■*"**™
.    „   .... tnin munn At
eprclnlnotice, wllliout cfinnto, In ttia
Scientific American.
A liniHlaorn-aly .Huntrat->-t weekly. Ijinmit rlr-
rulatloii or any itcU'Utltl** Jimriinl. Term* fur
■.'.uiitiU, $8.7ft a year, i>u«t»K» proiialri. Hold by
all iiOW-Mlualeri.
MUNM & Co.88"""—- New York
Brauoh Offloe, 836 F Ht„ Wasliliwton, D. C.
Hello, Comrades everywhere! —
Greetings! This being the first time
I have attempted to inflict anything
on you, possibly Mac will give me a
little space. Would like to say to those
weak-kneed Comrades who are kicking on the "extreme" attitude of the
Clarion that I sincerely hope it will
keep right on putting out the straight
dope. When it ceases it will in the
opinion of "yours in revolt" have lost
its use-fullness. Vive L'Western
Clarion! It is the real genuine red.
None of your Insipid, sickly, sloppy,
wishy-washy sentimental "Christian"
truck for "yours trooly." Sentiment
may be all right in its place, but cut it
out in favor of economics in the scrap
for freedom. Please remember that
Marx, Engels and all the clearest and
ablest writers were not "Christians"
in the present perverted sense of the
word, but were probably more In accord with the real sentiments of the
historic carpenter than most "Christians" (save the mark!). It is quite
evident tnat the "Christian" element,
with its teaching of slave ethics, seeing that it cannot crush the movement, is trying to get Into it and sidetrack it. Here's to them getting it in
the neck!
No, my sentimental Comrades; the
half-baked article ls N. G. We have
got real work to do which will try the
mettle of the strongest. Capitalism Is
going to die hard, and don't you make
any mistake about It.
I here state this as a sound proposition and worthy of all consideration,
namely, that absolutely nothing from
any person or book should be taken
for granted or considered Infallible.
This Is, I believe, positively the only,
way of getting at the truth, because
the ablest person is liable to be mis
taken ln some conclusions and almost
sure to be misquoted or misrepresented. The fact that all our ablest Socialist writers threw all authority to
the winds In their investigations is
the reason Hull our movement ls so
vigorous unci clear-cut, and the reason
that the bulk of the workers are still
In the proper statu of mental coma for
capitalism to work on Ihem. The slickest and mosi tremendous graft that
was ever run on a big, Stupid bunch
of slaves by a little, contemptible pack
The South half of District Lot 116, Burnaby,    2 ]/2
Blocks South of Hastings St. car line, Facing
Boundary     Road.
80 Acres Divided into 99 foot Lots.      Will be on Sale
about MARCH 15
Prices reasonable.    1-5 Cash, balance iu 6, 12, 18 and
24 months.    Exclusively by   ■
41 Hasting St. E.      Phone 339T,      Vancouver, B.C.
jot .thieves is that tbey have been
chloroformed by accepting as authoritative the teachings of the master class
as presented by their flunkies, the
clergy, teachers, lawyers, Journalists,
and other mental prostitutes, who do
the necessary dirty work ot keeping
the workers' minds twisted and stunted ln a suitable condition to keep
them in slavery.
In conversing with a Comrade who
seems pretty clear-headed on mOBt
things, but seeniB to take much more
stock in the "scripture" than myself,
claiming that some of its writers give
evidence of possessing considerable
historic and scientific knowledge,
which they conveyed in an allegorical
form, and that the great mistake of
the modern church Ib ln taking it so
literally, I asked him how we are to
know that Jesus is correctly quoted,
and he replied by Baying, "How do you
know that Marx ls correctly quoted?
Now, it is not so far back to Marx, but
the chief point Is that we do not re
gard Jesus or Marx or anybody else as
infallible. We use our brains and
after investigation accept what appears to be the truth, no matter by
whom supposed to have been presented; but the reason that we are In
clined to "bank on" Marx is because
on close scrutiny we have usually
found his position to be sound and he
appears to have had "an infinite capacity for taking pains," which faculty
Is said to constitute genius.
Personally, I might say-that the
writer of this screed was "raised" and
"educated"—"downed" and "chloroformed" would be nearer the truth—
in a Methodist community back in the
cent belt, and, although always possessing doubts about the truth of the
generally - accepted slave teachings,
was invariably told that he was something utterly depraved and that it was
the brimstone for him if he didn't
swallow their dope; so he partly wasted a few precious years in trying to
figure out what is "right," "just," etc.
Now he has found out that there ts
no "divine revelation" on this thing.
No, Comrades; Alf. Budden, Mac and
others are "right" when they say that
"might is right." In the last analysis
this holds water. Nothing else will.
Let no muddle-headed ideas of "right"
stay us from grasping the might. It
is our only hope, but it is enough.
Stop us who can.
I wish to say that I am in accord
with those Comrades who object to the
use of much profanity or too coarse
talk ln the Clarion. Personally, I rather like the profanity, because it adds
picturesquesness, but having the past
two seasons been breaking brush land
with green oxen among countless millions of mosquitoes and other unmentionable incentives to honest endeavor,
anything in this line appearing in the
Clarion seems extremely mild; in fact,
hardly noticeable. So. on account of
the before-mentioned experiences, I
think perhaps "yours for the revolution" might be pardoned for harboring a sneaking fancy that any Comrade who can let loose more real profanity in a given time Is certainly going some and deserves a leather medal.
Seriously, though, I think that for
the progress of the movement, we
might hang on to ourselves enough
when writing to cut lt out, because it
antagonizes a lot of people without doing us any good. So, let's "chuck lt."
I believe we can write just as well
and accomplish more without It.
Now, ln regard to the controversy-
over single or double robbery, lt seems
to me that much that is got off on both
sides is beyond the mental capacities
of most Clarion readers, but It also
seems to me that those who argue for
the truth of the single exploitation
have much the best of lt, and are probably entirely right, because, hearing In
mind the fact that, labor produces all
wealth, which I think is very easily
proven, it Is very evident that those
who produce no wealth and jiossess
the bulk of all that Is produced cannot be exploited, no matter how high
the price they actually pay for anything, because all they have to pay
with was stolen from labor; ami It is
also self-evident that If the workers
all got all they produced there could
be in> robbery, so I  think  Ihe  whole
game "f separating the slave from his
product Is worked at the point of production.
In conclusion, would like to Bay to
any of ihe Farmer Comrades who may
rend ibis that, as secretary of Dewberry Local Union, II. K. A„ I think
WO should avail ourselves as much as
possible of the chance to present Socialism to the farmers through the of-
tidal paper, the Grain Growers' Guide.
It circulates ail over the prairie and
reaches a lot of ihe most progressive
farmers. I see Comrade Boerma of
North Battleford, and others are already getting letters on Socialism Into
It, Here is a great opportunity for propaganda, as the farmers are kicking
over tho old party traces, being convinced in a vague suit of way that
there is something squeezing them,
and are groping more or less blindl]
lu the dark. Lei us try lo show Ihem
the llghl by deluging the Guide Willi
Socialism. I believ we can get a
Rearing.   It is up to us.
Yours    for    straight,    materialistic,
"mi' in i. lian," scientific Sec lallsm,
Dewberry, Alia., Feb. IS, 1010.
Jfere and ^Joto
By <• LEEDS:-
Comrade J. H. B„ who reported the
doing of the Legislature at Victoria,
writes as follows in last week's issue
of the Clarion: "If it were possible
to have a delegate from each local in
the Province ln the gallery during the
session, to see what these men of ours
are up against, they would undoubtedly go back with the determination to
try as they never did before to get
them more help at the next elections."
»   •   •
Every worker in Canada should also
be given a chance to read Comrade
O'Brien's speech In last week's Clarion (If you have not read It, do so
now). For the first time In the history of Alberta, the Assembly Hall
echoed to the voice of labor. In summing up his poBltlon, Charlie says:
"This (the capitalist) class, which
owns all that which the worker depends on for a living, owns the workers; for they who control that which
I must have access to in order to
live, own me. So that we (the working class) are In the last analysis,
slaves. It is In the interests of that
class of slaves that I am here."
If the locals of Canada are alive to
their opportunities, a special edition
of the Clarion containing a tabulated
report the doings of) the working-
class representatives in these two parliaments will be handed out to every
Canadian worker. No better means
can be adopted to show these same
workers how they must act politically.
"The farmers are fine," writes Comrade Gribble from Bawlf, Alta., as he
forwards a bunch of 14 new subs, for
the Clarion.
* *   *
Silver Creek, B. C. has five more stu-
dente wrestling with the economics of
capitalist production, all owing to a
rustling bout by Com. Alf. Johnson.
Local Vernon pays up for ad. card
In Clarion, and Local Philadelphia, S.
P. U. S. pays for a bundle for a year.
Comrade Armstrong, Hamilton, Ont.
Makes a two-hit this. week.
• *   *
And Comrade C. McMahon Smith,
Brooklyn, N. Y„ increases his weekly
bundle order from 15 to 20 copies and
credits the Clarion with doing good
work among the citizens of Uncle Sam.
.   •   *
Comrade  J.  Carmichael  orders  hla
Clarion   changed   from   Vancouver   to
Port Essington, B C—but his sub has
just run out.   Walch the number!
*   *   *
One new sub a week is good work
and guaranteed to bring satisfactory
results. The following Comrades
came up with the goods since last report:
J. McCook, Port Essington, B. C.j R.
II. Ridgeway, Toronto, Ont.; Fardell,
Toronto, Ont.; P. F. Brignall, Woodstock, Ont.; J. Young, Nanalmo, B. C.i
Parker Williams, M -P. P., Ladysmlth,
B. C; Geo. S. Young, Hedley, B. C;
Wr. Watts, Poplar, Ont.; Mrs. Perclval, Vancouver, B. C; Fred Blum-
bery, Vancouver, B. C; J. G. Clark,
Vancouver, B. C; Jas G. Robertson,
Morse, Sask.; Jack Place, Nanalmo, B.
C; H. D. Johnson, Edmonton, Alta.; F.
B. Valley, Prince  Rupert,  B.  C.    Let
yours be the next.
To send beggars for favors—or as
Will Crooks calls them "Petitions on
boots"—to Parliament is worse than
useless. Only men with the mandate
of a revolutionary working class ln
their hands can ever be expected to
make good.
The H. C, Government eooly turns
clown Ihe demands of the Trades &
Labor delegates thai went to Victor-
la during the session. This should
show organized labor that If Ihey
would be heard they must speak in
the "still small voice" or the ballot
*    •    .
There were 76.000 Idle men In Philadelphia   before   the   street   ear   men
struck, it Is therefore nol surprising
that the Railway Corporation lei iho
men strike If the workers nl Philadelphia bave learnt a lesson, no capitalist politician will ever again I looted there.
A press dispatch siaies that "John
Burns promises the gover ent the
support of the "Labor Party." Poor
John Burns!    Poor "Labor" Party!
The freedom of tha press can never
be guaranteed by any constitution. It
is the foul vote of the working class
thai gives the Capitalists the power to
suppress labor papers. "Arouse ye
Room coi
The Last Week Of The Session.
(Continued from page 1)
and Watson—33.
The Salvation Army Bill.—When
this Bill reached Report, Parker Williams moved to add the following as
subsection  (a)  to section 3: —
"(a) All contracts entered into, and
all obligations and liabilities incurred
by or on behalf of the Salvation Army,
shall devolve upon, be binding upon
and be discharged by the Governing
Council of Salvation Army."
It was possible that some of the
people brought out by the Army would
wish to bring an action for damages,
for misrepresentation on the part
of the Army, but when they did so,
they would find that the Army was
not there. The amendment proposed
that the obligations and liabilities of
contracts should go from the old to
the new organization, the Governing
Council. It was very suggestive that
the portion of the clause in the Model
Act conveying benefits had been used,
but the rest of the clause as to obligations and liabilities had been carefully cut out. If the Salvation Army
people were honest, he could not see
why they should object to the amendment.
Bowser approved of the amendment,
but considered that the words "or on
behalf of" should be cut out.
Parker Williams refused and Bowser
took the amendment himself, and it
passed, with the words cut out.
The Provincial Elections Act.
Bowser brought down a Bill embodying a few minor amendments to
the original Act. It provides for polling booths in each ward in the large
cities, each voter to vote in his own
ward, forbids the name of any judge
from being on the voters' lists, and
stipulates that commissioners for
taking affidavits for the voters' list
may only act in the district in which j
they are registered as voters. The
names of all voters objected to will
be published for 3 weeks in one or
more weekly papers, or once a week
for 3 weeks in one or more daily
papers in the electoral district.
Hawthornthwaite said that the Act
had proved so beneficial to the Conservative party that the Attorney General could not let the session go without further amending it. He (Hawthornthwaite) could not see what
there was behind this scheme, but
would have some lingering doubts that
he was being deluded. As to the
judges, he could see that Bowser had
succeeded in disfranchising a considerable number of Liberal voters! It
was rather hard to class the judges
with Chinese, Indians, Siwashes, and
people of that kind! He had cast
some reflections on the judges himself, and somewhat harsh reflection
had been cast by others, but summing
the question up, the Socialist party
had never cast such a one as in that
piece of legislation from the Attorney
General! He advocated making the
polling divisions as small as possible.
Referring to a section which provided
that Nanaimo City should have only
one polling booth, he asked what that
mysterious section meant? It had
been hinted to him that after the next
election, he would be no more
(laughter). To simplify matters, he
suggested that the provision be inserted that no more elections be held
in Nanaimo City, the voters having
repeatedly shown that it was hopeless
to attempt to change its political complexion. (Laughter) He moved the
following amendment (in effect): ,
"Any British subject who can read
and write, pud has been one year in
the Province, shall be allowed to vote,
on taking an affidavit to that effect,
even without bis name apearing on
the voters' list."
This amendment would make it possible to offset the bad effects of the
last Elections Act. He had pointed
out that many workers would be disfranchised and it had been the case.
He would be able to prove that, when
the returns came in. He could see no
reason why the Attorney General
should refuse the amendment.
Bowser said he could not accept It.
It would do away with the present
Election Aet. A man might be away
for years, lt did not meet the requirements as to being able to read
and write, etc.
Hawthornthwaite said that those objections could be easily met, by reducing the time required as residence,
and as to reading and writing lt would
be no trouble to find out if a man was
so qualified. Considerable frauds
went on between Liberals and Conservatives in the laBt election, and if
the amendment passed no one could
vote who was not entitled to do bo.
Ab to a danger of a rush into one district, that was absurd. Companies frequently drove men out a few weeks
before election. Tbe amendment
would offset that. Hundreds of workmen were unable to vote through the
last Act, and many were now joining
semi-anarchist organizations. The ballot was the only safeguard for the
Empire that the capitalist parties desired to protect. He would alter the
amendment on any sensible line suggested by the Attorney General.
The amendment was defeated, 2—21.
The Act to Amend the Coal Mines
Act came ln for considerable criticism from Hawthorthwaite. He drew
attention to tbe clause regarding the
SATURDAY,  MARCH   19th,  1010.
biasing ot coal claims, ana usaeu tub
Attorney   (ieuerui    ana    Minister   ui
'.uiiua    10   CA-JtUiu    ftuw     u   prub'-ecc.u.
couid place a siatte m a corner ui luc-
lnum •* icec. ftlrt/vc oiuuuu Much s.
OCl.±uil     Ol     LUC     LlblUl     „ll0ui,     CjO     SU'liC
nunureds oi leet Uuuer water, .seniici
ui   ine   ministers   luuiu    answer   Luc
ClUCoLiUU,   UUL   COU1U   bet;   ilu   Way   Ul   tti-
ceri'ig me cjiause sausmcioniy. me
ocuic ul lees v\as tusu uLiuci-.eu at, ,H-
vu'iug tne uib uieu iu ine uuoiucoo,
auu uiubl luiiul'' tu Liic biiiau ijiw
jpectoi*. i^tubuu b bLaleineiu Liiai ut0
money Wus iuau« uy tne latiei' was uu-
ouiuieiy laisu. Xia.iL ul ucccii fei'avi-
liueu lu the uid .nan's xionic at i-lUui-
luups, alter spunuiug men- lives at it.
J*Ul    lUe    Dig    CapUailtilb    MM    COllU'Ul,
uiiu might was light, una when uie
bOcittllBiS occupieu tne seats ui we
inigiity, itiey wuuiu use uie power iu
inane big capitalists suuiim lu tne
laws  ihey made.
An «ct to Amend the Land Act wus
cruicizeu on Tuesday, March bin, uy
Hawlhornttiwaite, on the adjourned
second reading, iu reply to jiiiiison,
who had introduced it. Ho House oi
legislation, under capitalism, nad a
cure lor the conditions the minister
had relerred to (the depopulatiun ot
rural districts), ln these days of advanced civilization, to raise the cry
of "back to the land" was an attempt
to return to the patriarchal age. The
people who said it, did not go there
ihemselves. The Act would be of advantage to speculators, lt would compel them to make improvements of $3
per acre, but as the Act stood it would
absolutely fail to do so, for there was
no provision to show it had been complied with. Neither the Attorney General nor the Minister of Lauds could
say what quantity of land was so held,
or what quantity of improvements had
been made.
An interesting debate occurred on
the next day when Hayward (Cowichan) moved the following amendment:
"13. Section 127 of the said A ct
is hereby repealed, and the following
substituted therefor:—
"127. It shall not be lawful for a
Commissioner or any other person to
issue a preemption record of any
Crown land, or sell any portion thereof,
or grant authority under tbe said Act
to record or divert any water from the
natural channel of any Btream, lake
or river in this Province to any but
those of the Caucasian race."
He said it was a question he felt
strongly about, and proceeded to point
out the effect of Japanese settlement
on California lands, where they had
driven out the white people from
whole districts, and the danger of like
conditions developing in B. C. The
problem should be dealt with in its
early stages. Similar amendments
had been incorporated in the Liquor
Act and the Companies Act by the Attorney General, and he could therefor
see no reason for expecvting Ottawa
to disallow this if the others passed.
McBride followed, explaining why it
should be withdrawn, throwing all the j
blame upon Ottawa, which obstructed
the good Conservative government in
B.   C.   in  their  unceasing  efforts   to
keep this as a "white man's country."
Parker  Williams  followed,  and  expressed himself as more than sorry at
the positition taken  by  the Premier.
It was the one occasion on which he
saw a hope of the Premier losing control of his party.    He would like to
second  every  word  of  Hayward's   as
to Orientals on the land.   He (Parker
Williams)   had   fought   it  out   many
times in detail.    As to the Premier's
excuse of disallowance by Ottawa, he
(McBride) had always said that if the
Conservatives  were  In  power at  Ottawa,   everything   would   go   through.
It would be very interesting to see it
tried.    It  was  a good   thing  for  the
Conservative party to have a Liberal
government   at   Ottawa   to   pile   the
blame on.    •    *    *    After alluding to
some of the advertisements for "fruit"
lands, he alluded to nn incident in his
own district where Japanese had purchased  200 acres of  fruit land, near
Extension.     He   had   nothing  to   say
against  those  people  as   a  race,   bul
he liked his own better.    *    *    *    If
the  government did  not  Interfere  in
the matter the people would be forced
to   take   the   matter  Into  their   own
hands.   To boycott the man or institution which sold land to Orientals was
what   should   be   done.    He   advised
Hayward, ln  view of the unanimous
sentiment in the Province, to bring in
a short Bill embodying his proposals.
If  the  government  were  in  earnest
they could pasB it before the House
closed,  in  one sitting,  if  necessary.
That would be a fair solution of the
Hayward said he understood the position of the Premier, but it was not
logical. What was good for the
Liquor Act and the Companies Act
should be good for the Land Act.
He would like to ask the government if they would allow a Bill on
the lines suggested by Parker Williams to go through in the early part
of next session? He would have liked
to deal with it under the Land Regulation Act, and cut those people right
Brewster defended the Ottawa government against McBride's attack,
quoting legal authorities against him,
and Bowser replied, the debate resolv-
inging Itself into a cat and dog fight
for political advantage in the eyes of
the people. Bowser twitted Brewster
on his display of legal knowledge, attributing it to his well-known "legal
committee," which gave him advice
every night, using the Biblical phrase,
the hand was the hand of Jacob, but
the voice was the voice of Esau," to
describe the position.
system of jurisprudence? The B. C.
industry might have more legislation
than any other such place, yet the
ratio of profit to wages was higher
than in the United States. Such legislation did not interfere with profits,
for even under an 8-hour law the ordinary man can produce as much as
in a day of 12 hours. As to the low
price of metal.    Take copper, which
Hayward announced that owing to j was now 14 to 1G cents per lb. Mc-
the requests of McBride and Bowser, Bride had turned the Bill down when
he had little option but to withdraw it was 23 cents a lb., tuus he had less
his amendment, but did so with great
Hawthornthwaite said he heartily
agreed with Parker Williams, who had
covered all the ground. Hayward was
undoubtedly sincere, for the Orientals
threatened to trespass on his own
prerogative of fruit growing, but he
had little feeling for the workingmen
who were up against the same thing.
He could sympathize with him in his
position, but as he was going to withdraw his amendment, lie (Hawthornthwaite) would present it himself (and
he immediately did so).
Hayward asked how he could be expected to vote for it when he had just
withdrawn his own?
Hawthorthwaite said he was surprised at him for taking that position
after his speech. It was possible that
the amendment did not altogether emanate from Cowichan district. "The
hand might be the hand of Balaam,
but the voice was the voice of Balaam's friend." (Great laughter.) If
he did not support tbe amendment he
would prove to the House that he was
absolutely insincere in regard to Oriental   immigration,   from   any   stand
point whatsoever.
Ayes — Williams, Hawthorthwaite,
Brewster, Jardine, Hayward, Mac-
Noes—All the rest of the Conservatives except Shaw, Watson, Callanan,
Miller, Wm. J. Manson, Gifford—28.
Thursday, March 10.
The seven labor bills introduced by
Hawthornthwaite this session came up
together for second reading in the
morning session, all remained on the
field—toes up. Only one amendment
carried during the session, making it
compulsory on inspectors under the
Coal Mines Regulation Act to report
to the Department any danger in abandoned workings.
Resuming the debate on the second
reading of the Act to Amend the Labor
Regulation Act, 1907, McBride said
that the Act had been introduced five
years ago for the first time, then a
second time, and the third time it became law with certain limitations.
When first introduced by Hawthornthwaite, returns came in from mining people all over the Province, proving conclusively that any fixed charge
on the smelting industry would work
irreparable harm. It was pointed out
that British Columbia had more rest
than any other Province in Canada,
and mining was not then in the condition it should have been. The House
acecpted those reasons and did not
pass the Bill. It came up again in
1906, and in 1907 it was moderated
and passed.
It applied to the men handling the
ore and in contact with the fumes, and
was lived up to by the companies.
The member for Nanaimo proposed to
extend the Bill along the lines of Mclnnis' Bill last year. When it was
adopted (which he hoped it would not
be) it would apply to nearly every
person in a smelter. He asked the
House not to pass it, because the
smelters were not so profitable as
they would like them to be. The returns showed that all they were doing
was to make a sufficient margin to pay
expenses and a small dividend. Greenwood, Boundary Falls, Nelson and
Marysvllle smelters were all closed
down. Only Trail and Grand Forks
were working, so the industry was not
active. The U. S. smelters had no
such handicap as labor legislation.
Those circumstances could not be
overlooked in the smelters and mines.
Employment could not be bad without capital.
Last year he had stated that when
the law was essential It would be ratified. No complaints had come to blm
from labor unions or any requests that
the Bill become law. In addition, he
would point out that the smelting Industry was not so active as It should
be, and that the House should do
nothing that would tend to disturb the
Internal economy that prevailed, with
low prices and sever competition in
the market.
Parker Williams said that every Bill
of whatever character, that went
through the House would be found not
to have accomplished what the Pre
mier or the House believed it could,
The House could have been justified in
assuming the Bill would give the
8-hour day to all smeltermen. Owing
to their influence, however, the corporations did not have to comply with
every detail, and the Bill before the
House was necessary.
A Bill of that nature had never
come before the House but they were
told that the companies were nearly
bankrupt and that it would destroy, industry. The Premier had just said
that nearly ail the smelters were
closed down. He could add Ladysmith to the list of those working.
As to the profits, was the Premier sure.
that lt was not due to.the cumbersome
excuse for doing it then than now.
On almost every quartz claim in B. C.
the surface contained enough timber
and water for the needs of the mine.
In the United States they had, in many
places, to haul their timber hundreds
of miles, and also their coal. All the
conditions were in favor of the B. C.
capitalist. There was nothing to justify turning down the Bill, and all
the arguments were in favor of passing it—Division.
Ayes—Braden, Williams, Hawthornthwaite, Jardine, Wright, Callanan,
Miller, Caven, Ross, Shatford Schofield.—11.
Noes—Shaw Watson, Fraser, McDonald, McKenzie, Manson (Comox),
Wm. Manson, Tlsdall, Jackson, Cawley, Bowser, McBride, Cotton, McPhlllips Thomson Behusen Hunter, Wm. J.
JIanspn, MeGuire, Mackey, Parson,
The Act to Amend the Metalliferous
Mines Inspection Act was given its
conge also. McBride said that at the
me of the previous debate it was said
that if these matters were left to the
employers and the men it could be
more satisfactorily adjusted all
around, and more effective. Mclnnis
had introduced it on a previous occasion. It would affect the Granby and
Phoenix mines chiefly, and they were
the most extensive in B. C. The company had carried on continuously
when others had closed down. The
argument that had been used then was
that the men were working more than
eight hours underground. The law
was passed and there was great unrest in the Kootenays and a great
discussion as to the House interfering
between the employers and men. He
(McBride) was in touch with the other
industries quite as dangerous and on
no side had he heard any desire for
interference. It was much better to
leave the unions enjoying their rights
and privileges, to arrange these matters without interference from the
House. He was quite satisfied there
were sufficient reasons for not passing
the Bills. There had been no demand
for lt. He did not take any stock in
the suggestion made at the last session that Mclnnis had personal reasons for introducing the Bill.
Hawthornthwaite—You made it
McBride admitted it, but was convinced he was wrong. At this stage
it was undesirable to interfere with
these industries which were still in
their earliest infancy. It was the duty
of the whole House to hold out inducement to capital to come into the
country, and not to interfere in these
matters with legislation without having any evidence for justification.
Parker Williams replied that McBride had pointed out in 1899 when
the Bill passed, that there was no demand for it.
Division — Ayes: Williams. Hawthornthwaite,  Brewster,  Jardine—4.
Noes—All the Conservatives except
absentees, Watson,: McDonald, Gif-
,ord, McBride—32.
Hawthornthwaite explained the provisions of his new Workmen's Compensation Act, which, although it was out
of order, was allowed to be discussed
in consideration of its provisions.
McBride said the Bill was quite out
of order, but as there were many interesting features in It, he thought it
would be advisable to hear from Hawthornthwaite as to what would be expected from an Act of that kind. He
deserved credit, for the trouble nnd
pains taken in preparing the Bill. Certain phases were deserving of attention. But it was sought to place on
the books an Act that would amount
to revolution, even for New Zealand.
He had to ask the Speaker to rule
the Bill out of order as dealing with
the revenue of the Crown.
The Act to Amend the Health Act
was moved for second reading hy
Hawthornthwaite. The Bill provided
that the health officers of any municipality, health district or outlying district shall visit all logging, railway
camps, etc., in January, May and September of each year to examine and
report on sanitary and water supply
to the Board of Health. Its object was
to remedy the shocking conditions in
these camps, where the men were
treated like cattle, with no attention
when injured or sick. He could see
no reason why the Bill should be
voted down. The House seemed to
have adopted a good method of defeating his Bills. They bad fixed lt so
that members from agricultural districts voted against them and those
from industrial centres ln favor. It
was a very shrewd move, and might
delude some workers, but they would
have for only a little while longer the
chance to do so. He would take particular care that the workers should
know, and ''then members would not
stick out their chests and tell them
how they had voted for those measures.
Provincial Secretary Young said that
the Department had given a great deal
of thought and investigation to the
matter. The government had an
amendment to the Health Act under
consideration. It was intended to remodel the Act entirely and when the
Act was brought down to the House
the principle of the Bill before the
House would  be embodied in  it.
The Bill was then defeated on the
"ayes and noes," without a count.
Hawthornthwaite remarked that a
similar promise had been made to
Parker Williams, and had come to
Young replied that he had gone into
the matter with Parker Williams and
could give positive assurance that
these men would be trained in flrst
aid   to   the   Injured.
An Act to Establish a General Eight-
hour Day was also defeated, McBride
using the same or similar arguments
aB against the rest of the Bills. Parker Williams' reply was inaudible in
the press gallery.
Liberals and Socialists only voted in
Conservative members absent—Watson, Fraser, McDonald, McKenzie, Braden, Manson (Skeena), Jackson, Cawley Caven Bowser Gifford~Hayward.
An Act to Establish a Bi-weekly Pay
Day was moved for second reading by
Ross of Fernle, who said that the Bill
was of very great importance to a certain section of Ihe people. The Bill
was defeated last session on the second reading. Originally it had been
introduced by Parker Williams.
McBride objected to it on the same
familiar grounds, and Parker Williams pointed out that he, in the early
days of the session, had put on the
order paper a Bill with a similar title.
While the Bill presented had originally
been his (Parker Williams) Ross had
left out some of the sections that
were in his Bill, and had left the application of the Act to the option of
the corporations, inasmuch as it contained no penalty.
MacKenzie (Delta) moved to adjourn the debate. (Being the last day
of the session this would have smothered the Bill, and a vote on it would
have been avoided.).
Hawthornthwaite at once pointed
out the reason for the move, and McBride asked MacKenzie to withdraw
the motion, which was done, and
Hawthornthwaite proceeded to speak
in favor of the Bill. Nanaimo had a
weekly pay day and the Company suffered no loss, but the Citizens Alliance
said it was a disadvantage to them,
and teased the Company until It had to
give In for the sake of peace and quietness. It would not mean the employment of more than one additional man
in large plants, and the benefit received outweighed that expense.
The Bill was defeated on the following vote:
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite,
Brewster, Jardine, Tlsdall, Wright,
Ross, Shatford, Schofield, MeGuire—10
Noes—All the rest of Conservatives
except Watson McDonald, Young and
The Act to Amend the Shops Regulation Act was then introduced by
Hawthornthwaite, who explained its
provisions. It provides for a legal
weekly half holiday, which a number
of shops had already granted. It could
therefore be of no disadvantage or interfere with the development of the
country. When labor Bills came up
McBride drew a gloomy picture of general stagnation, as a reason for not
passing them, which did not agree
with the Budget Information. He
hoped fo,r the benefit of his friends,
who wanted' to see capital invested in
the country, that his (McBride's) remarks would not be rend by them.
The Bill went on to provide that
children under a certain age should
not be employed.    Their employment
should be done away with. B. C. was
at the present time, for many reasons,
the best in the world for the working-
men. Before many years of Conservative rule all those conditions would
fade, but the House would agree that
to keep up the standard of living would
be beneficial. The "white plague"
was steadily increasing, in spite of
the medical profession making great
headway under Dr. Fagan. It would
not exist if the conditions were as they
should be. But in the department
stores they had long hours, bad air,
and no ventilation, and the disease was
contracted and spread from those conditions. The young people would be
granted a great deal of liberty under
Ihe Bill to enjoy the fresh air. Employers had not objected to the Bill,
as it would place all of them on the
same basis. Competition prevented
them from carrying out their wishes.
McBride said they had abundant authority under the law to make the
stores healthy. He denied Hawthornthwaite's interpretation of his words
as to conditions in the smelters.
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite,
Jardine, Brewster—4.
Noes—All the Conservatives except
absentees, Watson, McDonald, Cawley,
Cavan, Gifford—31.
An Act to Prevent Discrimination
Against Members of Trade Unions
came next. Hawthornthwaite said he
had been requested by almost every
trade union in B. C. to bring in the
Bill, and he did it, if only for the purpose of educating the members of the
unions. He had no hope that it would
pass then. When the Bill was first
introduced McBride had said that
labor legislation was taking up too
much time in the House. He hoped
the time had now come when the Bill
would be allowed to pass.
McBride admitted that considerable
legislation on the Provincial books had
been initiated by Hawthornthwaite,
and he had accepted It from him solely
as a Socialist. The government represented all classes and Its jurisdiction extended only so far as it could
go. Cases might occur where employers had discriminated against union
men, but no case had been brought before the government of any importance. Union men had all the rights
and privileges due to all citizens, and
he could see no reason for allowing
the Bill to pass.
The Bill was defeated on the voices.
Conservatives absent—Watson, McDonald, Cawley, Gifford.
The B. C. Mainland and Coast Industrial Co. Bill was put to a vote by
Hawthornthwaite, who said that the
Socialist party did not usually oppose
that kind of legislation, but Prince
Rupert was placed at such a disadvantage under that Bill that they would
ask for a division.
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite,
Brewster, Jardine—4.
..Conservatives absent—Watson, McKenzie, Braden, Cawley, McPhlllips,
Schofield, Behasen Manson, W. J.; Gifford—27.
They had previously taken the same
course in respect to the Bill to Incorporate the Penticton Ry. Co., but
had received no assistance from the
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite,
Noes—Jardine and Conservatives
Fraser, McKenzie, Braden, Manson,
Tlsdall, Miller, Jackson .McBride Cot-
loll, Shatford, Thomson, Behusen,
Manson, W. J., Young, Ellison, Mc-
Gowan, Gifford, Hayward,. Parson—19.
J. H. B.
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"Robotchyf Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which Stands for m Li-rlntf Watfe
Vancouver Local  867.
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and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Tejepkoae yoar address ta ear osBce aad we will send a naa
to isssare yonr premises aad give you aa estimate ol cost of
lastalUng the gee pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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