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Western Clarion Jun 8, 1912

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fVBER 671
Subscription Price «**>■  Aft
l'1-K VB»H        91.UU
3howing How Liberty Can Be Gained and Held Only
By Ceaseless Struggle and Vigilance.
Nothing can be clearer to the student of contemporary history than that
the condition of society Is one of chaos,
and that the modern mind is unutterably befuddled. The order of the past,
it is true, is fading from the memory
of man, but, unfortunately, so far only
undisciplined energy and morbid curiosity'seems to have taken its place.
Something is Badly needed at the present juncture to act as a restraining
agent, an agent to restrain the volcanic impulses of the time, and to
direct them, i. e., guide them out of
the labyrinths of confusion into the
scientific path of progress. That
something is not beyond suggestion,
however much It may be beyond Immediate realization. It is a more powerful revolutionary political and industrial organisation, controlling a more
fecund and virile Press, that is tbe
clamant need of the hour. A more
powerful and more active S. L. P.
This is not written in a spirit of partisanship. No existing organisation
has attempted, so far, to do what the
Socialist Labour Party has persistent
ly endeavored to do—scorned every illusory and artificial device of propaganda, disregarded all the eccentricities of thought and all the divergencies
of practice, and consistently has kept
before the race one common goal of
reason and effort. The pronounced
danger of the time Is the comparatively weakened hold we have on consequence. The so-called hlerophants of
progress today are, for the most part,
cranks who treat the progressive idea
in a manner that can only be described
as loose or easy. To them progress
meanB anything from going to an Ibsen
drama to cultivating a taste for monkey-nuts. The result is the present
uncertainty of aim and weakness of effort, which is mainly responsible for
the meagre importance shown toward
the significance of the age. Nothing
could Illustrate this better than the
case of the
Syndicalist Prosecution.
An Act of Parliament, mildewed and
rotten with age, is suddenly raked out
from the rubbish heap of antiquity, to
Justify the incarceration of three Inoffensive men. The "progressives"
send forth a wail about the freedom of
the Press being attacked, pass hosts
of resolutions condemning the act,
and demand the release of the victims.
One thing they did not do, they did not
attempt to maintain the freedom of the
press by deliberately repeating the "offence." They had, like the wily shopkeeper, "something just as good" (or
"bad), but that "something just as
good" was not the genuine article, it
was not the particular item which had
jeopardised the freedom of the press.
The S. L. P. alone stepped Into the
arena, and, by publishing the Indicted
article, preserved the Integrity of the
preBS, in spite of consequence.
The most pitiable exhibltiou of ignorance and cant was certainly that
displayed by Blatchford in the Clarion,
March 30th.    He wrote:
,noqam)fenseofrsend   AetlcofsovlaG F
"Consider the consequences of the
two kinds of policy. A crowd of hungry strikers break a few windows and
loot a shop; the magistrate read the
Riot Act, the BOldiers are ordered to
Are, some three or four men or women
who are Innocent get shot. What good
does that do the workers? Or an excited orator utters some Bedition and
says, 'Now send me to prison.' He is
sent to prison, has a bad time, and
comes out weak and ill. What good
does that do the workers?"
"What good does that do the workers?" A more sane person would ask
what harm might not have befallen
the workers otherwise.
That is the real point, and to clinch
lt a lesson In history will not come
Every privilege that the race now
enjoys—that ts worth enjoying—had
to be wrested from the reluctant hands
of tyrants.   Not necessarily by argu-
Every Sanday Evening
Empress Theatre
ments of force, war, and assassination,
nor by terrorism in any shape or form.
Violence may be instrumental in wringing a concession here and there, but
all great victories are
Moral Victories.
Victories won through the unselfish
endeavours, the indomitable courage,
the perseverance ana self-sacrifice of
men and women who place principle
before personal comfort or self-aggrandisement. The greatest battle ever
fought on theBe lines and carried to
a triumphant issue by the prosecuted,
was undoubtedly the struggle for the
freedom of the press, and its central
figure, its grandest hero, its bravest
soldier, was Richard Carllle. The
struggle for the right to express opinions by word of mouth, has been age
long. In this country one's mind goes
back to the days when the gentlest
methods used to suppress unpopular
opinions were boiling alive, burning at
the stake, the rack, etc. Later, in the
not quite Buch "good old days," one
thinks of Piers the Plowman, John
Ball, the priest of Kent, who was
hanged, drawn and quarted for "sedition," and the much more mercifully
treated James Nayler, the gentle
Quaker, who, for alleged blasphemy,
was sentenced to be put ln the pillory, whipped by the hangman, repil-
loried to have a hole bored through
his tongue with a redhot needle and
his forehead branded "to the skulle"
with the letter B, made to ride on
horseback to be whipped, and then
committed to prison "during the pleasure of Parliament." All this, of course,
was "religiously" carried out (Dec.
Toward the close of the seventeenth
century, partly due to the disturbances
of the Civil War and partly to the
many fantastic shapes religion had assumed during the Stuart Dynasty,
Atheistic and Unitarian ideas became
popular. Open attacks were made upon
such theological doctrines as the Trinity and the Virgin Birth, and the teaching of secular philosophers were very
gradually permeating the masses.
During the reign of William and
Mary a statute was passed making a
denial of the Trinity or "a blasphemy
of the Bible" a penal offence. This
was partially repealed In 1813, after
many people, mostly Unitarians, had
suffered imprisonment, confiscation,
and disgrace for breaking it.
In 1693 William Freeke was fined
,£500 for publis hing a leaflet called "A
Brief but Clear Confutation of the
Trinity." For "railing against God and
qursing Christ," Thomas Aikenhead
was hanged at Edinburgh in 1696, Mr.
Locke, during this period was expelled
from Oxford University, and Mr. Whit-
son from Cambridge. It is generally
believed that the fear of Mr. Locke's
reasoning being applied to the theological questions was responsible for the
statute against blasphemy as we know
lt today. Shortly after this a Mr,
Thos. Woolston waB prosecuted and
found guilty of blasphemy ln a work
entitled "Six Discourses of the Miracles." He received eighteen months'
Imprisonment (March, 1729). A little
later Peter Annet was fined, imprisoned and pilloried for a work containing nothing more dangerous than
Unltarlanlsm. Later, he established a
paper called the Free Enquirer, for
which he was fined, pilloried, and imprisoned for one year.   He was then
These prosecutions aroused but little
public interest at the time, but they
surely led up to one of the most re-
seventy years of :i;e. (Oct., 1761).
markable agitations of the nineteenth
century. It began with the first legitimate attack on the Christian religion
published in this country—Thomas
Paine's "Age of Reason." By legitimate, I mean legitimate in a critical
sense. Many attacks had been made,
prior to Paine's advent, but they were
devoted for the most part to isolated
doctrines and ideas. Paine boldly attacked the whole structure of superstitious Christianity ln a lucid and
scholarly style, using every weapon to
be found in the armoury of criticism
—wit, Irony, pathos, and logic—in his
work. Through the efforts of the
"Vice Society," a zealous organisation
with a most appropriate name, founded by Wllberforce, the "slave emancipator," (sic), Thomas Williams was
prosecuted in 1791, for publishing the
first and  second parts of Paine's "Age
NEW YORK, June 3.—It costs more
to live In this, the month of June,
1912, than ever before in the history
of the United States, except perhaps
during war time. Prices are on the
average nearly ten per cent, higher
today than a year ago, according to
trade authorities.
Food products are the highest on
record. Meat, eggs, butter, fish, potatoes, coffee, tea, sugar, salt, molasses,
rice, beans, and peas average 22 per
cent, higher; wheat, corn, oats, barley,
flour, etc., 33 per cent, higher.
Fruits are the only things good to
eat that have grown cheaper in the
last twelve months, but they still are
higher than in 1910. Leather products
cost 12 per cent, and chemicals and
drugs 13 per cent, more than a year
ago. Textile goods, however, are a
trifle cheaper. The average increase
in food products is nearly 20 per cent.
The biggest advances have been in
meat prices—beef, 26 per cent.; hog
products, 40 per cent., and mutton,
over 50 per cent.—"World" Financial
While the cobbler of a few generations ago took over a day to make
a single pair of boots, some factories
now turn out no fewer than ten thou-j
sand pairs in the same time. I
How is it done? It is all the work
of a vast piece of machinery, worked
by hundreds of different men engaged
upon various portionB of the boot.
Each boot takes just four minutes to
make, and the total cost of the labor
for a cheap pair ls about 36 cents.
The buttons, or eyelets, for instance,
are thrown, into a machine with the
leather to which they are to be affixed, and In less than a twinkling of
an eye out comes the finished article.
An English financier in telling of
the prosperity of Canada, says:
"Since arriving here, my expectations
have been greatly eclipsed by what I
have seen." Sure,, anybody with the
least gumshun can see that Uie Canadian slave can produce ten times
more wealth than the English, and are
contented with far less of what they
produce, thereby helping to build up
the banking accounts of their masters.
It is always business, and business;
an ugly word with a still uglier meaning. It means, the altar of modern
sacrifice to me, where man slaughters
his fellowman for the sake of greed
and need. Business of today presents
to my mind's eye the up-to-date torture chambers, with all their ingenious methods for tormenting.
There is nothing whatever noble or
honest about modern business. Like
sly foxes, we judge our man, size him
up to see how far we can skin him;
without scruple we tell the most enormous lies for gain, smile for gain, flatter and implore for gain. We, in business, act like prostitutes in this big
brothel called modern society, and we
do our best to gain efficiency in this
great game of deceit. Society goes so
far as to build colleges where our
young men could learn the noble art
of modern business. Our business correspondence, with Its Yours truly, Sincerely yours, etc., is the limit of dry
hypocrisy. Our traveling salesmen
carry fine daggers up their sleeves
wben they shake hands with their
clients. They make believe they enjoy
their conversation, when deep In their
hearts they feel a longing to be miles
away; perhaps at some little cottage,
where a loving wife and children wait
them, where they need not play the
clown. I consider him who deals in
millions in Wall Street as pitiable a
creature as he who sells suspenders
and collar buttons on the streets of a
large city. They both have to use the
serpent's means, the wheedling and
What a miserable occupation, and
supposed to be the most honoraBle ot
modern times. I am not one of those
that pray for the good old times to
come back. They have been hard
enough on the down-trodden; but I
would a hundred times sooner live
among a lot of cutthroats, bandits and
straightforward robbers of the middle
ages, who attacked openly like men
I would rather keep company with
West India pirates of Morgan's style
than with our modern, bigoted, hypocritical sharks called modern business
The Socialist party has got to be a
fighting party. When it ceases to
fight, it will be time to call in the undertaker.
(Continued on Page Four)'
When you work for a master he
takes from you something for nothing, and you get in return nothing for
something. Did you ever consider
your master's reason for letting you
have a job? Well, I don't know whether you have or not, but I have. That
he is not running a charitable institution or a soup kitchen is very evident. Well, what is he in business
for, you might ask. I will tell you.
Your worthy master is in business for
"profit"—note the word "profit."
"What Is profit?" Profit is surplus value or unpaid labor. It
stands to reason that profit represents that part of your day's
work which your master takes
and gives you nothing for in return.
When your master gives you a job for
a day, week or a month, you have sold
yourself to the service of your master
for such length of time. Now, as labor
power is a commodity on the world's
market, it must necessarily sell at the
cost of its production. What is the
coBt of porduction of labor power?
Well, as a laborer can't work and exist
on nothing at the same time, it stands
to reason that the cost of production
of labor power is presumably the
necessary food, clothing and shelter
that a laborer consumes in a day, in
order to do a day's work. Now, we
understand what the cost of production of labor power is. Sometimes
labor sells at a little above and sometimes below the cost of production, if
the demand for labor is greater than
the supply, the price rises; on the contrary, If the supply of labor is greater
than the demand, the price goes down
so low sometimes that the worker Is
on the verge of semi-starvation. So
from the above it is evident that labor
power is a commodity on the world's
market. Your master buys your labor
power or your life-force at the market
price, lt is no concern of his whether
the price is enough for your existence
or not; all that your master concerns
himself about is this: His motto Is
to get as much of something for nothing aB he can, and to give you in return as much of nothing for something as you like to take, so from the
foregoing analysis we may draw this
conclusion, that the estimated wealth
of the world In dollars and cents Is
nothing but surplus value or unpaid,
labor or that part which labor
produced and got nothing for in
return. In fact, profit is only a
polite name for stealing. I said
in the foregoing sentences that
labor sells at the cost of its production or reproduction. Now I will
endeavor to show you how the profit
trick ls worked. Suppose you sell
your labor power, or, in other words,
your power to convert the latent resources of tho earth into social wealth
to a master for a day of ten hours for
two dollars. The flrst five hours of
the day you produce a material value
equal to two dollars, but although you
have produced a material value equal
to two dollars ln the first five hours
of the day, you can't stop work at the
end of the five hours. You sold your
labor power for ten hours; in the
second five hours you produce another
material value equal to two dollars.
In ten hours you produce a material
value equal to four dollars, and all
you get Is two dollars. The other two
dollars goes Into your master's pocket,
Now, the four-dollar value was actual
ly produced by you. Your master
owns that which you must have access
to ln order to live, and that two dol
lars that you produced and did not get
is the toll he soaked you for the loan
of a job. And if you intend to get
that other two dollars in the future
which your master pockets, vote the
straight Socialist ticket, which stands
for the abolition of the wage system,
bag and baggage, to that oblivion
which it is so eminently qualified to
adorn. You can rest assured that
you have cast your vote ln the interest
of the only useful class ln society
The working class. The capitalists
are absolutely parasitical; capital
never produced anything but parasites
and wage slavery, and I say to hell
with lt, and all its hangers-on such as
the peddlers of "pie ln the sky" (lawyers or word splitters, in short, technicalities), detectives, red-coated butchers, thugs, capitalist politicians, in
eluding Conservatives, Laborites and
such fakes. I will have to quit as the
pen-point is getting red-hot.
Yours in the scrap for the whole
Strikes, Revolutions and General Discontent Is a Sure
Sign Workers Will Eventually Get Their Own.
The capitalist class of all countries
are now beginning to wonder if the
workers have at last thrown off their
accustomed apathy and If they are
now in earnest. The apologists of the
system bave certainly done their utmost to draw the attention of the
workers to the defects of their old
weapon the strike, and it would seem
that their labors have been in vain,
especially Is this the case in Great
Britain. The repeated failures of sectional strikes has only served to increase the hopes of the workers ln
the general strike, and the failure of
labor representatives in the House of
Commons to do anything of benefit to
them has strengthened their faith ln
tbis method of attacking capitalism.
The conditions under which the vast
majority of the working class live in
"Christian England" is at last galling
them to such an extent that they seem
willing to adopt any means that promise an overthrow of the present system of production. That these conditions produce a bitterness of feeling
against the capitalists is not at all
unnatural, and should serve to enlighten those in this Western country
who fail to see the folly of attempting
to suppress the propaganda of working
class political action. The present
system of production bears within itself the germ of its own destruction,
and emphasizes the Importance of the
working class being sufficiently educated to take control at the critical
moment. Capitalism must develop
and the workers have to take a hand
in their own interests and see that
their emancipation is accomplished as
quickly aB possible, and now is surely
the time to get ln effective work to
this end.
The fears of revolution are being expressed in Great Britain, and Lloyd
George is credited with having said
that "anxiety has been expressed that
the structure of society may break
down under the increasing strain of
the wage movement. But it cannot
be removed merely by the addition of
a Minimum Wage Act. The workers
now want a place in the situation.
They are now not only reading newspapers, but even books on economics.
It Is the knowledge that makes the
This is the utterance of a Liberal
member of the British House of Commons, and stands in strong contrast
with the attitude of Claude lowther,
a Tory M.P., who suggests compulsory
arbitration. However, the solution of
the difficulty does not lay in the hands
of such gentlemen, but is for the working claBs themselves to decide. Ih
knowledge lays their power, and it is
quite evident that there aro many In
the ranks of the workers who are at
last realizing this great fact. That
the general strike is the most successful method of accomplishing the
desired end of tho workers ls Bome-
what doubtful, but at any rate it will
have the effect of arousing the dormant power of the workers and directing their energy with renewed vigor.
Tho suffering entailed by a national
strike is one of the greatest factors
against which organized labor has to
contend and it is always tho members
of tie working class who feel most
keenly the results of the conditions
resulting from these tactics. Still it
serves to accentuate tho common Interest of the workers In the overthrow of a system which permits a
small minority to dominate their livelihood with the cooperation of those
of their class enlisted as uniformed
assasBins In the protection of such
privileges. All these fights between
the workers and the capitalists serves
to show that these troubles are even
tually thrown into the political arena
to be dealt with by the executive committee of the ruling class, who see to
it that the rights of property are duly
protected by the powers of the state.
The workers havo not control of the
state and lt ls up to tho working class
to capture this power In their own
interests, realizing that they must
combine their strength on both the
Industrial and political field that their
triumph may be complete.
Not only ln Great Britain is thc
working class movement taking on an
aggressive attitude, but all over
Europo the flames of discontent are
spreading and "no compromise" Is becoming the watchword of the workers
all the world over. The interests of
the  workers  in  all   countries  under
capitalist domination are the same,
and the discontent in one country haa
its effect on the ideas of workera ln
other countries, and it is this Interrelation that accounts for the rapid
spread of the (revolutionary working
class movement even Into so-called
prosperous countries such as Canada.
The great problem confronting the
class-conscious workers is to enlighten
their apathetic comrades with sufficient .rapidity to keep pace with capitalist development, and upon thla
question depends to a great extent the
peaceful inauguration of the Co-operative Commonwealth. It ls well that
those who are so anxious that the education of the workerB shall not proceed take heed that they reap not
what they sow, and if the national
strike does no more than hasten the
enlightenment of the working class it
cannot be said that it was all in vain.
The triumph of the workers Is only
a question of time, and the time is in
the hands of the wage workers. When
they know enough then will be the
time.—Fernle Ledger.
The News-Advertiser of Vancouver
bemoans the fact that the I. W. W.
strikers on the Canadian Northern
lost some twenty or thirty thousand
dollars and nothing but sore heads
to show for lt. Very true, but the
same News-Advertiser would be still
less pleased if these men had spent
that amount in a raid on the law factory at Victoria. For instance, let us
see what thirty thousand dollars would
do in a political sense. Five thousand
dollars would pay the nomination fee
of 50 candidates (about the number
of representatives ln British Columbia
after redistribution); 110,000 would
keep five organizers ln the field for at
least a full year. The balance of
115,000 could be useil to smother British Columbia with Socialist literature,
and the results would be 10 or 15
working class representatives ln Victoria. Ten or 15 would not be a majority, but enough, I venture to say,
to keep any government jumping sideways on any questions affecting the
working class. Organization for the
purpose of capturing the government
for the working class ls the one thing
needed in British Columbia, as well
as the rest of Canada. In Wards 3
and ', Vancouver, there are at least
3,000 workingmen who are not on the
voters' list—caused by lack of organization. An attempt is being made to
distribute literature all over this riding once or twice a month, but owing
to lack of organization and funds, it
cannot yet be done. No attempt is
being made, to carry our message to
the homes of those whom we must
have with us before we can hope to
succeed. Tliere Is no question of the
Socialist Party of Canada having the
goods; it Is all a case of delivering
them. What aro you going to do
about It. Don't you think lt ls time
to get ready to carry this riding for
Soclullsm. If you aro a member of
the Socialist Party (if you are not,
you should be), turn up at your next
meeting and put up the proposition
that your local gets busy on organization work. Divide your districts into
wards, order a supply of leaflets from
the Clarion office and start a regular
house to house distribution. Talking
of leaflets, No. 9 ls tho best yet. A
million at least should bo strewed
throughout Canada. Your population
divided by five Is about tho number
you need. .What are wo going to do
about It. Aro we going to sit quietly
by and allow our class to continue
butting their heads against a stone
wall und not show them how to get
around the obstacle of capitalist property. It means a lot of hard work
and big expense, but no revolutionary
working class yet was ever daunted
by obstacles. It is a question of all
pulling together In the same direction.
I for one am prepared to help all I
can and wlll put my shouldor to the
wheel with any bunch that Is prepared
to do things. Organization Is needed;
i ay, what are you doing about It?
Verily the lot of a Vancouver policeman is n tough ono. Not only must
ho violate the Lord's Pay Act by
working seven days a week but in addition to working for the bona he must
lie for him as occasion demands.
How'd you like to be a policeman?
size the only essential. PAGE TWO
Published every Saturday by the Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor - Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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SATURDAY, JUNE 8,  1912.
Several men have recently emerged
from New Westminster goal after having served sentences of from two to
three months for being members of an
unlawful assembly in Vancouver upon
the 28th day of January last. They
had admitted being members of the
assembly but denied that it was an unlawfully conducted one. His Honor
Judge Mclnnes held otherwise.
Eight other men, viz., R. P, Pettlplece, Walter Read, William Home,
Wm. H. Coombs, Thos. McCllnton, Jas.
H. Fisher, Wm. McDowell and Chas.
Lestor, charged with the same offense,
and who also admitted being at the
same meeting as the former offenders,
were, on May 29th, found not guilty
by a jury before which they had elected' to be tried. Thus the same assembly is declared by a judge to be
unlawful and by twelve citizens to be
perfectly lawful. Such are the ramifications of the law.
Perhaps no trial has ever aroused
more widespread interest among the
workers of Vancouver than that of the
last named nor has any verdict met
with more general and enthusiastic
approval. It may not be amiss to give
here a brief recital of the events leading up to the case.
The Attack on Free Speech.
For Borne years up to and including
1911, it had been the custom in Vancouver to allow all labor, political and
religious organizations which so desired, the free use of the streets and
open places of the city for the purpose
of holding meetings and discussing or
propagating their various doctrines.
During this period no trouble whatever
arose from the pursuance of such a
policy. But the advent of Jas. "Flndlay
to the mayor's chair at the beginning
of the present year brought a drastic
On January 21st a meeting of workingmen presided over by Socialists,
was interrupted and dispersed by police and it was made known that no
moTe outdoor meetings would be allowed in the city. Realizing that
freedom of speech in the British Empire is guaranteed by higher authority
than any city administration, the Socialist party and the I. W. W. Immediately announced a meeting to be
held on the Powell street grounds
Sunday, January 28. A large number
Of unemployed then ln the city were
Invited to be present. It should be
mentioned that during the week prior
to the 28th, a committee from the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council,
acting upon which Mr. R. P. Pettlplece, Mr. J. H. McVety and Mr. Jas.
McMillan, were ln Victoria endeavoring to secure from the Government
some substantial aid fo rthe unemployed. They returned to Vancouver on
Saturday, the 27th.
On the day appointed a large crowd
of workingmen, employed and unemployed, gathered on the Powell street
grounds. Around the grounds there
also gathered a large crowd of citizens who came attracted by the hope
that the police would be there to
"start something". At the appointed
hour a speaker mounted the box and
gave out the information that Mr. Pettipiece had that morning consented to
appear at the meeting and tell of what
had transpired at Victoria. He arrived after several other speakers had
spoken briefly.
No sooner had he begun his address,
in tact no one is quite sure that he had
begun, when he was Interrupted by
Deputy Chief of Police Mulhern, who
called upon him to disperse the meeting, producing a city by-law as his authority. Mr. Pettipiece said that he
was unable to disperse the gathering
A recent Inquiry into the operation
of the United States Steel Corporation
discloses some facts that should prove
Interesting to those who earnestly
seek for enlightenment as to the cause
of Industrial unrest among the laborers in the vineyard of modern capital-
Ism. The condition under which the
slaves of the Steel Corporation' exist,
might even prove somewhat startling
to certain pious bouIs who have allowed themselves to fancy that our glorious christian civilization incorporated
into its working machinery any of the
lofty ideals and noble precepts of that
gentle soul whom they profess to follow.
Two hundred thousand slaves of the
Steel Trust receive in wages an average of $2.00 per day. This includes
all of the high-priced experts and big
salaried men on the payroll. By cutting out these' high-priced ones and
dealing only with the ordinary plugs,
we flnd that their wages run from 12
to 18 cents per hour and their working
day is 12 hours. One dollar and seventy-five cents a day of 12 hours is a
liberal estimate of the average wage
of fully 175,000 of these slaveB. Many
of ihem work seven days per week,
and at each fortnightly change of shift
some of them work 24 hours at a
To any one who waB ever in a modern steel mill it will be readily understood that the conditions under
which these men work are somethin;
horrible. Working In a heat that is
stifling and paced by huge machinery
that is speeded to the limit, the lives
of these slaves can be nothing ohort
of a torture that would do credit to
Dante's Inferno.
No regard is shown for either the
health or life of these men. Slaves are
too cheap in this christian age to make
it worth while to conserve their number. That they are killed almost daily
at the steel mills is a far: so well
known that it no longer    i3 deemed
worthy of comment.   That no attempt ] a'nd  there  was  no occasion  for any
is made by the Steel Corporation lo alarm or interruption as the crowd was
prevent, or even lessen, this wholesale!
slaughter. Is equally well known.
Out of the slaughter and exploitation
of this army of slaves, the Steel Corporation owners realize enormous profits.   As they wax sleek and fat at the
expense of the torture and killing of
this multitude of slaves, their sunny
countenances take on an  oleaginous
shine that might easily be mistaken
by the   unthinking   for the outward
semblance of  that beatification  that
Implants itself in the    heart   of the
Christian who works at the business,
the Salvation Army type, for instance.
The cut of their clothes and the size
of their paunches will relieve the Salvation Army rank   and file from all
onus of kinship, however.
The workers of the Steel Trust aro
merely cogs in the machinery of production.    This is true of all workers
in capitalist industry.     As part and
parcel of the industrial plant of capital, they are entitled  to no  greater
consideration than   any    other   part
thereof.   In fact they will receive less
consideration than the other portions
of the plant because they aro cheaper.
The mechanical contrivances used ln
production  cost money.    The human
cogB cost nothing.    If a  machine is
injured or destroyed it will necessitate
a cash outlay to r'epair or replace it.
If the human cog becomes injured or
destroyed no financial loss is suffered
by the employer.   Another cog will be
at once forthcoming from the ample
stock that Is always available in the
Just cogs in the-capitalist machines
of production, that's all.    Not human
beings with souls to save and hearts
to feel, or anything    like    that, but
merely cogs to be used when required,
worn into golden profits for parasitic
owners and either killed In the process or kicked off the premises when
no longer needed.
The status of the slave in this" Chris-
tion civilization Is something    to be
proud of.   A cog, a thing, a utensil, a
convenience, to be used by his master
when required and tossed aside when
not.   And so cheap Is tl 's utensil, this
thing, this slave, that it is not worth
the master's (owner's) while to exercise as much care against breakage as
is usually exercised in the handling of
chamber ware.
orderly and peaceable. After a minute
or two or such altercation, Mulhern
gave an order and a long line of policemen which had been quietly waiting, advanced upon the crowd.
Bcatteiation and hurried flight became the order of the day. The police
used their clubs with ferocious design and savage effect. Defenseless
men were knocked senseless and bleeding to the ground. Those who escaped
from police on foot had the additional
excitement of being hotly pursued by
mounted men armed with heavy
whips. The affair was carried all over
town and occupied most of the afternoon. The casualties were many—
among the citizens generally; the police suffeted no injuries other than
the mayor'B approval of their work.
When the fracas was over, Mr. Pettipiece and twenty others, including
those mentioned above, were discovered in jail. Prompt action by their
friends resulted ln all being released
on bail except some of the I. W. W.
members who preferred to stay ln.
The two following Sundays saw repetitions of the occurrence with the
crowds of spectators growing each
time. Many more were injured but
few more arrests were made, it evidently being the intention of the authorities merely to physically assault
those whom they selected as their
victims. Then something happened
presumably some one "higher up'
gently Intimated to the mayor that his
course resembled that of the ass. Any
how, the fourth meeting, February 18
saw thc greatest multitude of all on
the grounds, but no police. When
no officers made their appearance,
the multitude grew weary of waiting
were then and there members of an
unlawful assembly contrary to the
form of the statute In such cases made
and provided and against the peace
of our Lord the King, his Crown and
The first witness to be called was
Deputy Chief Mulhern. He gave his
testimony reluctantly and did not appear to be in love with his own story.
He stated that he proceeded under orders to the Powell street grounds
about 2 p. m. Sunday, January 28, and
found there a large crowd of people
on the sidewalks and in the square.
There was also a man on a soapbox
addressing the assembly. This man
announced R. P. Pettipiece as the next
speaker and got down from the box
just as he arrived. He (Mulhern)
then forced his way to the box and informed Pettipiece that the meeting
was unlawful and must be dispersed.
Upon being asked his authority he
read a section from a city by-law covering assemblies. At this time, he
said, there were loud shouts and jeers
from the crowd, many of tjbem crying
out "to hell with the police; go on with
the speech," "to hell with the by-law,"
"to hell with the city." Asked if he
would anticipate a breach of the peace
from the character of the meeting, he
stated, after considerable hesitation,
that he would.
Mr. J. W. de B. Farris, counsel for
Mr. Pettipiece, then cross-examined
the witness.
Farris—Assuming that you had
known that that by-law did not apply
to the Powell street grounds would
you have gone there to enforce It?
In answer to this Mr. Mulhern said
that he would not have read the bylaw but would have been there to
preserve peace. His instructions were
to forbid gatherings on streets and
public places.
Asked if there had been any occasion to arrest any one up to the time
he ordered the crowd to disperse he
stated that there was hot.
Farris—When was there any occasion to make an arrest?
Mulhern—When they refused to disperse.
Farris—You arrested them for refusing to disperse when called upon
to do so?
Mulhern—I arrested them for being
members ot an unlawful assembly.
Detective Champion was then called
to the box and testified that from the
temper of the meeting he was led to
anticipate a riot, but culdn't recall that
any policemen had been injured during
the trouble.
Inspector McLennan's evidence waB
practically the same as Mulhern's except that he heard some one day,
"Here come our natural enemies, the
The Rev. Merton Smith waB then
called, no doubt for the purpose of
lending corpulent sanctity to the
Crown's extremely unsanctified case.
He denied that there had been any unemployed in the city at that time as
he had tried to get a man to work in
his garden without success. Gardening in January was a common thing
with him, he said. He stated that the
meeting was noisy and defiant and he
thought there would be a breach of the
peace. Mr. Bird, counsel for all the
accused but Pettipiece asked witness
if he hadn't been at the meeting out of
idle curiosity like the rest of the unemployed, and the reverend gentleman
innocently answered, "yes'
A shining example of the intelligence
required in a police officer was the
next witness, Sergeant Munro. He
said that he saw no damage being
done, nor any fighting goini; oa, but
that he always anticipated trouble
when he saw crowds of any kind
Asked if he knew of anything that had
transpired subsequent to the 28th, he
replied, "No, not before."
Several more witnesses were called
for the prosecution but their lesson*
were evidently well learned and added
nothing of interest. At this point, as
no officer appeared to identify accused McCllnton, he was allowed to go.
Mr. Jas. H. McVety was the flrBt
witness for the defense. His evidence
was to the effect that the meeting was
orderly and quiet up to the time the
police appeared. He stated that he
had been in Victoria the week' previous, his first Intimation of the meeting
on Powell street grounds being a
'phone message he received the morning of the date of the meeting.
Mr. Jas. McMillan gave evidence to
the same effect.
Witnesses were asked by the prosecution if they had seen anything of a
banner which had been carried through
the streets announcing a free speech
demonstration to be held on the 28th.
Or or a number of dodgers to the same
effect which had been distributed. The
banner and some of the dodgers were
exhibited ln court.
that they bad no knowledge of these
things not having been ln town.
Other witnesses appeared and testified that the meeting was perfectly
orderly until disturbed by the police.
Mr. Chas. Sayers stated that he did
reason's for apprehension were his instructions which he carried in his
One officer had said that whenever
he saw a large crowd he feared trouble. If that were the case, Vancouver
was to blame for having such a reputation that riots were to be expected
from every large congregation.
Referring to the evidence of Mr.
Merton Smith, he said that gentleman
was clearly biased as he had expressed antagonistic opinions about the
There was absolutely nothing in the
banner or dodgers to cause any reasonable fear of violence or disorder. They
had merely Invited all lovers of liberty
to a demonstration in favor of free
speech. Could there be said to be
anything criminal in being a "lover
of liberty" or in desiring "free
Under the indictment there must
have been occasion given for "reasonable" people to fear a riot. No evidence had been submitted by the
Crown showing there to have been
such occasion. No policeman had had
a piece of skin knocked off or even
received a black eye. None of the
crowd had been armed with guns,
knives or even sticks. All the trouble
had emanated from the police.
At any rate Mr. Pettipiece had not
gone to the meeting with any unlawful purpose. He had only desired to
do his best for the unemployed, a
work in which Bome of the witnesses
for the Crown might well have been
With a convincing appeal to the Jury
to decide the case on its merits as
reasonable men and not allow it to be
obscured by obstruse technicalities,
Mr. Farris closed one of the most able
addresses that has even been delivered
in this city on behaU of free speech
and its advocates.
He was followed by Mr. Bird, who
said that the affair had been, no doubt,
instigated by interested parties at the
city hall. He pointed out that the accused had only desired free speech and
had thereby broken no law.
Mr. E. D. Taylor K. C, then spoke
on behalf of the Crown, dealing mainly in legal quibbles and making an
Indifferent attempt to prove the guilt
of the prisoners without taking up any
of defendant counsels' points.
His Honor Justice Gregory then
summed up the case impartially giving
a clear exposition of the legal points
The jury retired at 5:05 p. m. At
6:30 they were still out and the anxious crowd In the courtroom began to
fear that they would be unable to
agree. At 7.05 p. m. they returned and
informed the court that they could not
reach an agreement.
His Honor Inquired If it were not
possible to reach an agreement. The
foreman said that if they could see
some of the evidence they might agree.
He was told that they could hear some
of the evidence read on the particular
points upon which they were confused.
A juryman then asked if It were
legal for meetings to be held In the
parks and squares.
His Honor—Yes, providing they are
conducted ln an orderly and peacable
Another juryman—Was it unlawful
for Pettlplece to go on speaking after
being warned by the chief to deBist?
His Honor—Yes, the police are there
to protect the interests of society and
should be obeyed. Such action would
not, however, make Pettipiece or any
of the accused guilty of being members of unlawful assembly.
Thereupon the twelve good men and
true again filed out and returned in
four minutes and a half with the welcome verdict of "not guilty."
Thus ended the good mayor's attempt to make Vancouver a "closed
town" In the matter of opinions.
JUNE 8, 1912.
Socialist   Party   Diijfectory
Socialist Party of'Canada, meets sec-
-ond   and   fourth   Monday.     Secretary,
Wm. Watts, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr
St., Vancouver, B.C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St., Wm. Watts. Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt B. Anderson, Secre-
tary. Box 647, Calgary.
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE, 8. T. Ot C, invites all comrades residing- Jn Saskatchewan lo
communicate with them on organization matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw,
Committee: Notice—This card ls Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St.. Winnipeg.	
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays In the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace aay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, «nx
191. Place Bay, N. S.
Headquarters, Room 206 Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr Street. Business meeting
every Friday in the month at 8 pm
Reading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on file.    Secretary, S. Lefeaux.
-LOOAL   OREENWOOD,   R.   0.,    NO.    8,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening st Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades Invited to call. C.
Prlmerlle, Secretary.
LOCAL    FERNIE,   8.   P.   Of   C,    SOLS
holds educational meetings in the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting first Monday
in each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380.
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m.    E. Campbell,  Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 126.
Finnish branch   meets in   Flnlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 54, RoBBland, B.C.
of C, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. In
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the firs/
and third Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. ln the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin, Secretary.
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p. m., in
L. O. L. Hall, Tronaon St. W. H. Gil-
mour, Secretary.
LOOAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C.,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
ln the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K, Sandon, B. C.
LOCAL VICTORIA NO. 3, 8. P. Ot 0.—
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Room 2, over Collis-
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. ln Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
po.st offlce. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary
Joseph Naylor.
S. P. of C.—Business meeting every
flrst Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Free word for every body, at 512 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary,
Ad Kreekis.
LOCAL  VANCOUVEB,   B.    C.,    NO.    45,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 22S7
Main Street.    Secretary, Wm. Mynttl.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East. J. A. Maedonald, secretary, 1721
Alberni St.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     9.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on the flrst
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box IS,
Coleman, Alto, Visitors may receive
Information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room Is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.;
Organizer, W.  Stephenson.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters.   429  Eighth   Ave.   East,  between  Third and  Fourth streets,
A. S. Julian, Secretary
every Sunday, Trades Hall, t p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, 8
p.m., Trades Hall. B. Simmons, secretary. 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1041.
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Itossar Ave. Propaganda masting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business meeting, second and fourth Mondays at I
p.m.; economic class, Friday at 8 p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalleu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
S. P. of C. Meets first and third Sundays ln thc month, at 4 p.m., 1st
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock, Box 1983.
OP C.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday, 7:30 p. m., In tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, S p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Tress., South Hill
P. (>.. Sask.; A. Stewart, Organizer,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slavss welcome.
8. P. OP O.—Headquarters 128$ Mala
Street. Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting evsiy
Sunday morning, at 11; economic class
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
ln Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, at
8 o'clock.    Discussion Invited.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   XO   8,   S.   P.   OP   O.
Open air meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rldeau Street. Business meetings,
first Sunday ln month ln the Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary, Sam Sturgess Horwlth, 18
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa,    Phone 277.
LOCAL OLACE BAT, No. 1 OP MARITIME—Headquarters ln Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary,.
Box 158; Harold G. Ross, organizer.
Box 506.
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
St 7:30 In tha S. O. B. T. Hall back
Wil'iam Allen, Secre-
of Town Hall
tary, Box 344.
TION of the S. P. of C, ls organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukralnenn workers to the revolutlon-
' ary principles of this party. The
Ukranian Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnistlno Ave., Edmonton. A'ta. English comrades desiring information re the Federation,
write to J. Senuic, Fin. Secretary.
Quite a number of young lads are
just now being dragged before the
Australian courts, fined and sentenced
to terms of imprisonment, for various
offences against the Federal "Labor"
Government's Infamous conscription
laws. Several technical points have
been raised to push off the evil day
of retribution, but the miserable
Labor gang of place-hunters cannot
screen their Infamy behind the curtain of technicalities. Minister of
Capitalist Defence "Labor"-man Pearce
has loudly proclaimed the intention to
punish to the utmost rigor of this
"Labor"-made law all those children
and grown-ups who happen to fall
foul of lt. A proposition is going the
rounds for an alteration of the mode
of penalizing offenders against compulsory military training, which pro-
and departed quietly
All those arrested were subsequently i whether citizens are criminals or not?
charged with being "members of an, it was evident that no unlawful as-
poses to rob the citizen of the right of
WknessVs "stated ;vote and t0 old a-*° Pension, should
they reach the sere of life, for deeds
committed as children. And this,
mark you, you useful members of the
community, is proposed in all seriousness by the hounds of parasitism who
not. belong "to" any labor organization j bark for patriotism but are too currish
prior to the meeting but the treatment to do the fighting! This idea will
received there so educated him that doubtless commend itself to the exlst-
he afterward joined the Socialist party. . „. ,,„„ „„,,„,,„, „„. „-f
Mr. Karris, In a brilliant address to!lnB 'democratic Federal Government,
the jury, summed up the caBe for the: tor It is difficult to Imagine any poll-
accused, j tical Infamy too vile for these "gods
The question Is, said Mr. Farris, are! of Labor" to touch. Conscription is
the police to  be the arbiters  as toabout the umjt 0- liberty-thieving, but
unlawful assembly." They all elected
ito be tried by jury, but a number
later changed their minds and took
speedy trial before Judge Mclnnes
with the result mentioned above. The
others were arraigned before His Honor Judge Gregory and a jury in the
assize court on May 28th.
The Trial.
Two counts were contained In the
indictment. First, that the accused,
"with intent to carry out a common
purpose, unlawfully did meet and assemble together in such manner as to
cause persons in tho Immediate neighborhood of the assembly, to fear on
reasonable grounds that the persons
so assembled as aforesaid would disturb the peace tumultuously."
Second, that persons in tho immediate neighborhood were led "to fear
on reasonable groundB that the persons so assembled as aforesaid would
sembly up to the time the police arrived. The deputy chief admitted that
there had been no offense. For offenses under the by-law which the
chief had read the only course was
to summons the offenders and the
maximum penalty was a fine of $100.
Rut the police desired to arrest participants ln the meeting and it was
clear that they had endeavored to convert lt into an unlawful assembly for
that purpose.
No evidence had been submitted
that there .had been Inflammatory
speeches or preparations for violence
of any kind.
It had been stated that Borne of the
accused had shouted "We will fight for
free speech." To fight ln this instance meant to fight constitutionally
In the courts. The men had practically said: "We believe we are right,
nrrest us If you will, and we will fight
by such assembly needlessly and with-i It out In a legal way.
out any reasonable occasion provoke, It had been demonstrated that the
other persons to disturb the peace deputy chief had no knowledge ..of. t)ie
tumultuously, and the said (prisoners) ' i:'i.;r;ii-ter of the mc('t"*pjr,   ' iMl only
child conscription is on all fours with
stealing the last penny from a blind
man. It ls robbing children of the
little leisure time in their lives, and
subjecting them to influences that are
a menace to a healthy mental development, and the fear and compulsion
that produces nerve and other
troubles.—-The People, Sydney, Australia.
Be fair, gentlemen, be fair.   Oh, you
Due Stamps, each 10c
Platforms, English, per 100 25c
Platforms, Foreign, per 100 50c
Due CardB, per 100 $1.00
Constitutions, each   5c
Receipt Books, each 10c
Warrant Books, each 25c
mma* •*--* .--,„>....-„.■-■-.-.   ■.Aemim^^
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of ths
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tha wag*
system, under which is cloaked tha robbery of the working class at tha
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ina struggle for possession of tha
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.'
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this.legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid tha workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist .Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
5 Yearlies - - - $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies - - 4.00
20 Quarterlies - -   4.00
___^^^____._ SATURDAY, JUNE
4, 1912.
Present—Mengel, Anderson, Karme,
Kavanagh, McVety and the Secretary.
Karme ln the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted
aB read.
An application for charter was received through the Alberta executive
Committee, from Thos. Hooker and
others of Bassano, Alta. The charter
was granted, the local to be known as
Local Bassano No. 50.
A communication was received from
Howard H. Caldwell, giving his speaking dates in California, Oregon, and
Washington up to June 16th, when he
would be available for a few dates
[ in British Columbia if wanted.
Financial report for May was as
f Balance on hand, May 1st $271.72
Receipts during month     91.75
.Expenditure   281.27
[Balance at end of Month $ 82.20
Comrade Wm. Watts was elected to
lact as secretary in place of Klngsley,
It was moved and carried, that
Local "Vancouver, No. 69, be requested
|to appoint a committee,to audit the
oks to June 1st, which would be the
beginning of the new secretary's term
of offlce.
Kingsley notified the committee that
Ithe publication of the Western Clar-
[ion since January, 1905, had entailed
loss running up into thousands of
dollars; that the present price he received for its   publication   ($60   per
veek)  was at least $40.00 per issue
■less than the job was actually worth;
Ichat, with the exception ot some assistance rendered by a limited nuin-
Iber   of   comrades,   which   assistance
[covered less than 20 per cent, of the
■ actual financial loss Incurred, the entire burden of this shortage had fall-
fen upon his shoulders and he did not
[see his way clear to continue to carry
lit any longer than until the end of
Ithe present month, June.    Beginning
[with the first issue In July, the cost
[of publication would be the figure de-
[termlned by the Vancouver Printers'
|Board of Trade.
The oommittee took no action in the
Here are the trail blazers for tho
A. S. Julian, Calgary, Alta  3
G. O. Vcnnesland. (iriinum. Alta..., 3
J. WatBon, Winnipeg, Man  2
D. Paton, Fernle; W. Maxwell, Cumberland; S. Grlmson, Fraser Ave., B.
C; Mrs. Bono, Clayton, B. O.i J. W.
WIntersteen, West Denial's, B. 0,j C.
M1. O'Brien, Calgary, Alta.; W. H. Anderson, UewBberry, Alta.; Wm. McQuold, Edmonton; A. PutterBon, Winnipeg; G. M. Brandon; D. Diamond,
St. Catherines, Ont.; Lee Williams,
Toronto; B. O. Saik, Montreal; H. O.
Ross, Glace Bay, N. S.|  A. McBryde,
D. Brook, "Leeds" A. M. Campbell, A.
E. Tipper, and H. Cattell, Vancouver.
Portland, .Ore., 100; Local Markervllle, Alta., 10; Local Bassano, Alta.,
10; Local Toronto, Ont, 20; Local
Stewart, B. C, 5.
•   •   *
The only move made thlB week Is by
Toronto. It looks as though Cumberland ls going to carry away the prize
of the two volumes of "Ancient Lowly." They have certainly earned lt,
considering that the local was only
formed this year; but there is still a
chance for some one else, maybe some
one else intends to play a trump card
at the last minute.
This ls how they stand: —
Vancouver, B. C     1
Winnipeg, Man    2
Calgary,  Alberta  3
Toronto, Ont  4
Victoria, B. C  5
Edmonton, Alta    6
Cumberland, B. C    7
Moose Jaw, Sask    8
Fernie, B. C     9
Brandon, Man  10
Montreal  U
New Westminster, B. C 12
North Battleford, Sask  13
Nelson, B. C  14
Sllverton, B. C  15
South Fort George, B. C 16
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia   17
Ottawa, Ontario    18
South Hill, Sask  19
Lethbridge, Alta 20
Send ln for mailing list and rustle
up the expiring subs.
At Viiii!' General Hospital a duly
tiualillcd Physician und Surgeon lo lake charge June 1,
1012. Km' further Information
write W. II. Mclsaae, Secretary, P. O, llox M6, Vmlr, B.C.
that a Socialist paper should cus\i~
nothing that is not Bcientlfi:,,- whii ij 	
means correct. The most a*<W jd; Is the abolition of armaments pos-
and clearest paper wlll have and make cibIej The idea Is certainly Indicative
tho beBt and clearest Socialists of Its 0f progress. To call a halt In the
readers.   So once and for all ii Is up
lo you, reader, to make good. As
Eugene V. Debs would say 'Arouse,
ye Hluvos." Are there 400 class-con-
■Oloui sluves in Canada who will without fall add the equivalent of one
now yoarly to the list of this paper's
readers ouch month? What you do,
do -illicitly.    We are waiting.
Yours In the fight,
\ 'lolesale i aurhter of human beings;
to stop thu construction of weapons of
destruction,  lethal weapons designed
for m -ii to murder their fellow beings,
is to bn commended.   It Is strnnge that
n*e i in this O'irlstlnii ern should do-
vo,!'   hcl. time .ind rnergy to tho Im-
I rnvemeni of engine.! of death.   "Thou
in  !■  not kill," Is supposed    to be a
I fi.tiuu ethic, and yet after noarly
11 wo 'honsand years of Christianity wo
u j llvng under a system of society,
I" nob cull* ipon men to ho over ready
|to fight tnd destroy their fellow crout-
The present Canadian Governmen , i    ,,.   ,     , A       ,.       ,,,,.,
,..„„.„„„„,i i,    n- „     """*■■■     Murder lo murder.   If an Ind vidua
representing  the Conservative  party,.        . _,_   . ■,. , .    ,     ,
tvim ..i  n... I..-   n.  i ■        ,   ..   '''»!"'< r la a irlme to be punished, why
was ot the last   Dominion   elections ,     .  ,     ,    ,   .     ...      .       .
elected   by   the  peo,,,,   to e3ru, ,'» wholesale destruction heroic and to
their  Interests  In  the  How.  al   M-* ap-,,aude'J?   H Is a pertinent query.
Upon t-xaiilnatlnn, modern warfare
4, 1912.
Present—Mengel, Anderson, Karme,
iKavanagh, McVety and the Secretary.
Karme in the chair.
Minutes  of previous  meeting read
|and approved.
Communication from secretary of
[Local Fernle referring to conditions
■in that locality since the recent election and enclosing statement of campaign expense was .received. Also
fone from J. A. Moiso, secretary of
ocal Port Moody (Finnish) returning
Ithe charter of that local, as It had
[been decided by a vote of 6 to 1 to
lafflliate with the S. D. P.
The financial report for the month
of May showed as follows:
alance on hand, May 1st $ 86.90
teceipts during month    37.20
Total $124.10
xpenditure during month    47.50
Balance at end of month $ 76.60
Report  approved  and   warrant  or-
Idered drawn to cover expenditure.
The trials and tribulations of an edl-
Itor especially a Socialist, iB some-
[thlng fierce. We have readers of all
[temperaments to try and satisfy;
[sometimes we succeed, but mostly we
I fail, as, for instance, the laBt week or
I two wo have asked our readers to get
lone Bub. each. We did not scream
[about it; we did not take up a lot of
[space with big type; we did not tell
[you that you ought to be damn well
Lashamed of yourself for not hustling
[subs.; we did not tell you that we
[would throw up the sponge If you did
[not come through with some cash. No;
I we simply looked up the finances and
[found that we would have to run the
[clarion on hot air if the shekels did
■not come ln faster, and as we have no
I hot air around here at present we sim-
Iply asked you in a quiet, bashful and
[easy-going way, taking care not to of-
[fend you, but ln a peladlng sort of
[way asked you to hunt up the necessary dollar to keep this paper in the
(field of action, and to date we have
[the splendid (?) results as stated bellow. We shall not weep, as we know
[the amount of forbeaarnce It has need-
Jed to keep the paper going during the
[last ten years, but we will still look
[forward to the time when the party
[members will realize that the Clarion
lis a necessary factor for keeping the
IS. P. of C. alive.
In conducting your business
with the Dominion Executive
Committee, the Provincial Executive Committee or the Western Clarion, you will confer a
favor upon this offlce by observing the following rules:
1. In regard to business with
the Dominion Executive Committee, address all communications
and make all money orders payable to
The  Dominion  Executive   Committee, S. P. of a.
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C.
2. In regard to business with
the Provincial Executive Committee, address all communications and make all money orders
payable to
The  Provincial  Executive Committee, S. P. of C,
Labor Temple
Vancouver, B. C.
3. In regard to business with
the Western Clarion, address all
communications and make all
money orders payable to
The Western Clarion,
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C.
By leaving the name of   the
secretary out much confusion ls
avoided in the event of a change
in such offlce.
Do not send money by mail.
Always purchase postal note,
money order, or express order.
If remitting by cheque, exchange
must be added.
What's coming over some of the
lawyers of the labor-haters? Characterizing John D. Rockefeller and
Andrew Carnegie as the two biggest
criminals of the century, Earl Rogers,
a Los Angeles attorney, in discusblng
economic conditions before the Woodmen of the World in that city, declared the nation was on the verge of a
great calamity. "If my baby cried for
milk," said Rogers, "and I had none
to give it, the world would give me
enough to satisfy her or I would tear
the front off of a national bank in my
effort to get it." Rogers was the
attorney for the Merchants and Manufacturers' Association for some years
and has flopped over and undertaken
to defend Clarence Darrow, whom he
fought formerly. Senator Borah, who
attempted to hang Moyer, Haywood
and Pettlbone for the mine owners, is
also talking more radical every day
and seems to be trying to live down
his past. A man with a conscience is
bound to feel its prickings sooner or
later.—Cleveland Citizen.
The election Is ovor. Tho lutein
gent (?) electors of Edmonton (?)
imvu n Kni n returned to power n servant of their masters.   0, W. Cross,
Liberal, enters triumphant upon tn*
other two yonrs' labor skinning,
Well, ho It so, since It Is not otherwise The Socialist Party held a
strenuous campaign; nioetliiKH were
held In I lie open all', literatim' wus
distributed, a grout ileul of good propaganda wus carried on, crowds surrounding und upplutidlng the various
soap-box performers.
Tho Liberal and Conservative elements were forced Into tho open to
hold "labor" meetings; thoy were
bearded In their own den and flabbergasted by Socialist questioners. Comrade Knight spoke from the Conservative platform and shone well, In contrast to the flabby drooling of the
various Conservative orators (?).
Labor was the one topic of tho day.
Comrade Farmilo dealt savage death
blowB from the gallery at one meeting, "stumping" the poor Conservative member and reducing him to a as that, for whilst our principle
resemblance of "3 cents worth of dog program is for the betterment       'iejh0'a', the natural    resources   of the
meat chewed up ugly." 'human ra*ce, it is so different from i.'ie    ar,h. and the means of production.
Lord Salisbury once said of the pro- other PartleB that the slave portion ot a* means of production being rail
letarlat, "Give the brutes a circus," -,oclety look at it (through the teach-1 roads, factories, mills, mines, etc. The
and the political tricksters of Edmon- ing8 of the capitalist class) as a theory second and larger class comprise those
ton took his advice;  they hired the that ls not Practical and which will wno do not own the means of produe
tuwu.    No one was more smpi'iwd «
tho change of Government tnun .ho ''"* many c,lrloUB "Pects, the most re-
ConscrvallveB themselves, n.thonghl*1 rkft1'1*' hoing the fact that taote
their  press at that time, aa at alll,i   •>*«• the brunt and burden of the.
times, always stated that their .;iarty jw"r
would be elected to power, which wus |n" k
a bluff move on their part to cat.h iaerl'
■" c of victory.
wno pay for them and have to
the sacrifice of life and limb,
no advantage whatever in the
votes, as the ordinary   worl ing  st ft
likes to be on the side u . thlliki will! v ' ' the human family Is divided Into
win. tw, parts or classes.   A small class
We, as Socialists, must not •ixpeiij"' d a ia-tge class.    The former class
to get Into power by some bucI  flu'ej  jeing those who at present control the
and | Power of the state, and own, or rather
kilties'   band   who   pranced   around turn the Present peaceful system iuto
blawin-a-blast—or is    it    a skellock? a relgn ot inarchy.
The city band blared defiance and death
to all opponents of the Cross faction.
Night was made fearful by bombs and
rockets, autos hooted and scooted
about, pandemonium reigned. The
last night of the duel saw the capitalist ranged In battle array; torchlight processions and parades made a
fearful din; the proletariat were made
drunk with guff and led like lambs
to the slaughter.
It was, however, around  the polls
that things assumed their most comic
aspect.   All the shovel stiffs and grading  slaves  working  on  the  railway
were rushed into town in the Liberal
Interests.   The delicate arts of "four-
flushing" reached   their   apex.    Anything from a Chinaman to a tom-cat
was  presented at the voting booths
as intelligent electors.   Blanket stiffs
from British Columbia were brought
forward and sworn as "gentlemen" or
contractors,   thousands   were   turned
away who dare not take the oath, patriots  overloaded  with   bottled   zeal
lurched  before  the  returning  officers
to register a vote In favor of the railway policy.   Returning officers sweat
ed and swore, the Conservative agents
challenged   every   voter,   well-known
city  men  were  forced  to  "kiss  the
book."    The booths resembled miniature battles wherein Ajaxe's and Horatio's did deeds of valor.   The hotels
belched forth the degenerates of all
races to vote for King Capital.   It was
politics    with    a    vengeance.      The
trades union element did mightily in
the masters' interests, voting almost
en masse for Liberal or Conservative.
Intelligent voters, indeed!     Property
owners who had paid $10 on a $500 lot
in "Hellview Heights" or some other
remote  subdivision, cast a ballot In
their  own  property Interests.    Well
done, indeed;  good and faithful servants, enter thou Into another period
of commercial piracy.    The Socialist
Party have maintained their position
in the face of the masters' most desperate efforts, voting for emancipation
from wage slavery.   O'Brien, McQuold,
Farmilo, Knight and    Budden "soap-
boxed and thundered."    Things were
At this writing 345 is the total Socialist vote, but final returns are not
to hand; no doubt the lost count will
show an increase over last election.
In all, 16 open-air meetings were
held where $128 was oollected, and In
all about $350 were raised. It waB
well done; go forward and do better!
After having dwelt for years on an
island juBt oft Vancouver, several families have been driven off by having
their shacks burnt up to make way
for a business enterprise. Several dozen families squatted there years ago,
but the government decided that it
could he better utilized for business
purposes than for homes, so have
forced the squatters off. Does capitalism destroy the home?
The Clarion piled up a big deficit
for the month of May just closed. Ten
yearly new subscribers a day In add!
tion to those regularly received would
have brought everything out even
Are there 1,000 readers who will go
good for ONE new yearly subscriber
per month? Are there 400 readers
who can do it? Or better still, are
there 300 readers who are of the calibre
needed to take hold of a good thing
and guarantee ONE new yearly reader (or two half-yearly or four three
months) per month? If there are, we
want to hear from you. In fact, It
Is absolutely necessary that you take
hold of this proposition at once and
put it through or there will be no
paper in a short time. The Clarion
ls not run for profit; if it were it
would be everything to everybody,
wjth the result that soon it would be
nothing to anybody as far as its principles are concerned. But it is'published for the purpose of pointing out
the straight and narrow way to So-
ebtfkm--- -ft **andr: oif, tWTfrtncli-le
Now, fellow slaves, we can only get
Into power by the intelligent vmo cf
the working class, fiTpfnre )t is up
to us to educate ihe losses, keeping
at it  steady  ye'1 ■ in and yuar out,
not at spasmodic lulr-rvils as we have
been doing.   Nothing Is **etter suited
for that purpose thai, the dlstributior
of leaflets by us.   Lvi.o\   "'11 be found
a list of locals which    -e distributing
them.   If yours is not amongst them
it's up to you to see that they soon
will be.   If it is and you are nt I telp-
ing, I'd like to ask you by what    e-th-
od of propaganda do you uxp.  t  to
bring about the revolution.
Local Brantford, Ont., No. 10.
Local Barons, Alta., No.. 47.
Local Bassano, Alta., No. 50.
Local Calgary, Alta., No. 4.
Local Cumberland, B. C, No. 70.
Local Crawford Bay, B. C, No. 72.
Local Coleman, Alta., No. 9.
Local Content, Alta., No. 40.
Local Dewsberry, Alta., No. 36.
Local Diamond, Alta., No. .48.
Local Edmonton, Alta., No. 1.
Local Enderby, B. C, No. 65.
Local Eagle Hill, Alta., No. 43.
Local Fernle, B. C, No. 17.
Local Fort George, B. C, No. 72.
Local Glace Bay, N. S., No. 1.
Local Innisfail, Alta., No. 2.
Local Kamloops, B. C, No. 50.
Local Kingman, Alta., No. 49.
Local Linda, Alta., No. 45.
Local Lethbridge, Alta., No. 13.
Local Lougheed, Alta., No. 34.
Local Langley, B. C, No. 73.
Local Moose Jaw, Sask., No. 1.
Local Montreal, Que., No. 1.
Local  Michel, B. C, No.  16.
Local Medicine Hat, Alta., No. 20.
Local Markervllle, Alta., No. 31.
Local Merrltt, B. C, No. 68.
Local Mound, Alta., No. 33.
Local Meeting Creek, Alta., No. 29.
Local Maple Coulle, Sask., No. 8.
Local Nelson, B. C, No. 4.
Local Ottawa, Ont., No. 8.
Local Olds, Alta., No. 41.
Local Reglna,  Sask., No.  6.
Local Red Deer, Alta., No. 11.
Local Revelstoke, B. C, No. 7.
Local Rossland, B. 0„ No. 25.
Local Sydney Mines, N. S., No. 7.
Local Sandon, B. C, No. 36.
Local Sllverton, B. C, No. 57.
Local Summerland, B. C, No. 42.
Local  Steelton, Ont., No. 28.
Local South Fort George, B. C, No.
Local South Raven, Alta., No. 44.
Local St.  Catherines, Ont., No. 30.
Local Vancouver, B. C, No. 69.
Local Salmon Arm, B. C, No. 51.
Local Silver Creek, B. C, No. 62.
Local Toronto, Ont, No. 1.
Local Vernon, B. C, No. 38.
Local Winnipeg, Man,, No. 1.
Local Ymir, B. C, No. 31.
There are also a few comrades who
are  distributing leaflets without  the
help of any local;  these are:    Comrades C. M. O'Brien, Wm. Coulter, McKay, B. Oil George Edward, Champion,
Alta.; A. D. Kellog, Carmangay, Alta.;
T.   Edwin    Smith,   Yetwood,   Alta.;
Alex. Beaton, Glenbrea, Sask.    Why
not make another?
tlon and yet are compelled to do all
the work, ln the process of producing
the necessities of life. It ls this latter
clasB—which we will call the working
class—that Is the real useful part ot
society, and included ln it ls every
worker, both mental and physical, who
receives a wage or salary. In Its ranks
are fiose who wrestle with nature,
wrenching from her secrets that are
used to help man In the struggle for
existence. It is members of this work-
Ing class who brave the dangers of the
mines, who plow the soil and sail the
seas. It is this class who have built
enormous cities, and linked them up
with wonderful systems of transit, and
have brought the continents closer together by lineB of shipping. Yes, it Is
the working class which has made all
things possible.
Tt is the "thjr smaller class which,
* ' ids capitalist system,
is enabled to owi* all the natural resources, without doing a single useful
The working class possess nothing
but its power to labor, whilst the
drones and parasites own the earth
and all upon it, including the workers,
who mutt have access to the machines
of ,. od net ion in order to live.
es, the workers are the slaves; the
owners are masters.
The wu kers are dependent on the
rosourees of the earth, which they do
not own. Therefore they are compelled to ask the owners' permission
foi the use of theBe.
The matters' terms to tl worker's
are that 'hey to work aL„ , ,lu-"
wonderful quantities of wealth foi the
maste'--' use, whilst the workers tiein
oelvet rri i accept barely sufficient of
the atl i necessaries of life to enable
them to work. This is commonly
termed working for wages.
It is the 0a slaves who produce
the instruments a' munitions of war
and sacri'
only exist for tho protection of capitalist property, that they are the hired
murderers and thugs of the master
class, the forces by which the workers are prevented from • having the
benefits of ihe resources of the earth.
Now It Is very plain that the economic
position or the workers does not. Instill them in tukliiK part In any warfare on behalf of their masters.
I'pon the earth there Is plenty for
all. There Is no real need for anjr
man to want, und It Is only the power
of the milter class that causes the
terrible poverty und suffering among
the wealth producing class,
Tho inuHtvr elass In their efforts to
malntuln their position, rnuso to be
wasted lingo quantities of wealth.
Thousands upon thousands of workers who might be producing the necessaries of life, aro kept employed, devising and producing Implements of
war. Thousands more, aye millions,
In useless ltllei.ebB as standing armies
and na-!tn. These men are utterly
useless to human society as a whole-.
They produce nothing whatever, and
yet live upon the toll .of those who
work. Yet these Idle millions are essential ln order to preserve the present order of society, a fact which ot
Itself Is sufficient to condemn lt.
In order that a Bmall p.irt ol human
society may obtain the good things ot
life for nothing, the workcis—men,
women and children alike—must work
long hours in the shops and factories
of capitalls.m and for wages that oftentimes scarce cover the cost of the
barest necessaries of life. All that
really deserves the name of home life
to the workers is ruthlessly destroyed
in order that capital may roap Its profit
and its uniformed thugs, ruffians and
murderers be paid for their bloody
work, and its apologia's, both profane
and pious, kept In suitable frame ot
mind for Its proper santlflcation -and
If every man's labor was of a useful
nature, there would be no need for
women and children in productive Industry, and man himself will labor for"
less hours when thingB are produced
for use alone.
The abolition of armaments is impossible so long as a system of exploitation exists. Robbery can only be
carried on by force, and the army and
navy Is the force that is leveled at the
workers to keep them in submission.
It is very clear that the workers
cannot improve their position by so-
called direct action, revolt, or strikes
against such organized force. To act
effectively In their fight for freedom,
they ir.ust get right at the hea'rt of the
The conquest of statie or government
must be the aim and object of the
workiiu' (lasn. It is then the people
can strike the death blow to an order
of soi lety which has served. Its tunc
tion of permitting enormous fortunes
on one side and terriblejioverty on the
other. An unnatural condition, with
its trailing evils, robbery, graft, crime,
vice and war. The workers can destroy it. Their victory lies In the exercise of political power. They are
many, their masterB few. By this
token they can conquer their freedom.
Vote for Socialism.
The tarring and feathering of Ben
Reitman in San Diego ls one of the
latest crimes that has resulted from
Christian teachings.   While not agree-
heii    -Ives in battle.   All|lng with the doctrine taught by the
this in interest of their masters,! Direct Actlonists, we certainly cannot
who are 'ver calling for more prof-1 aSree with the methods used by the
its, that v may continue their en-',CnrlBt,al1 citizens of San Diego to
joymenr il the good things of life. 'suppress Anarchism. Read the print-
Profit. That is the cause of all mod- able acc0<"nt of the crime and Bee if
ern war.',-re. Kach separate nation has !you 8tl11 believe this is a "Christian
its section of capitalists on the lookout j civilization."
Direct action was turned down in
the national convention of the Socialist Party of America. We may not
altogether agree with their new plat
form, but we are pleased to see that
they have turned down the weapon
that is doing so much harm to the
working class movement and to the
participants themselves.
Prisons far workers; palaces for
strikers! Such ls the humanitarian
policy of the meek and lowly bourgeoise, so pious ln their professions of
belief in the fatherhood of God and the
brotherftood of man/
'.or new fi Ms to exploit—that ls, some-
vhere to insert capital. Some cduntry
from which may be obtained profits.
Something for nothing.
To gain their own hellish ends the
mast r clasii of each nation educate
their wofte' to fight for and protect
their itho masters') interests. The
workers of Germany are taught to hate
the English people, because the German masters are envious of the English masters' possessions, and vtce
versa, so that Bhould the opportunity
occur the workers of both countries
wlll bo ready to fly at each other's
The real roason they do not understand. They call it patriotism. If
they called It profits, they would be
right. Anyway the victorious masters
are the only ones to derive any benefits, and the worker" have to continue
satisfied with their <nlia. Just so long
as the useful portion of society permits Itself to be foolea and refuses to
think for Itself, so 1od« will the working class con thin i in the degrading
posiiion It now holds.
But let ui not dorpnir. The fut-ire
has a bright appearance.
With the development of capitalism,
the workers are getting a necessarily
advanced education. Thus will an evil
system destroy itself. The mat-sea are
learning many things. They are beginning to think for themselves. They
are refusing to be longer fooled and
are learning to fight In their own Interests.
The workers are beginning to recognize that tho army, navy and police
'The men who captured me In my
hotel," said Reitmann, "looked like
business men. When I refused to go
with them they put revolvers ngalnBt
my body, coverea my mouth and
dragged me to an automobile. The
police outside the hotel cleared the
way for them.
"While taking mo to thc placo ot
torture In the desert, thirty miles from
San Diego, my captorH thrust, pencils
In my nostrils and oars, Binding filth
into my mouth and struck me with
their lists and with clubs throughout
the whole terrible trip. They continually called me the vilest names I
ever have heard.
"When we reached the desert, another party was waiting. They had
built a big Are an 1 they took me up
to it, stripped me and began such
fiendish, inhuman torture that the details are unprintable. I begged them
to kill me and end the pain and they
replied that they wanted me to go
away and tell how San Diego treated
my kind.
"They said If Mies Goldman was
(here they would give her the same
The chaps that start wars do not
fight them. It Is the workingman who
Is put forward as cannon food. Think
ot the damnable situation where the
workingmen of one nation shoot down
the workingmen of another nallon
Just because their rulerB have fallen
out, or just because tho wealth Interests of their country demand extended
flDAY, JUNE 8, 1912.
T Leaflet Number Ten [
Primitive man must have been an unhappy and perplexed
individual. He was surrounded by natural forces that manifested themselves both to his detriment and benefit. Thunders
pealed and lightnings flashed, splitting the rock nnd the patriarch of the forest, and killing his companion of the chase.
Flood, fire and earthquake gave their added testimony to the
existence of an evil-disposed power, always near, never seen,
whose awful omnipotence was beyond mortal conception. He
naturally ascribed these terrors to some powerful, malignant,
individual, in human shape (for he could conceive of no other
man then, as now, making God in his own image) who took
delight in causing sorrow and distress to shivering mortals.
He was the "evil one," who needed to be appeased by bribes
of good things to eat, and plenty of them. Primitive man's
idea of heavenly ecstacy being to gorge himself to repletion
he unconsciously endowed the figment of his brain with tastes
that he himself possessed, and his conception of the attributes
of his deity was necessarily drawn from the source of all his
ideas—his own immediate environment. What he considered
good was surely desirable to his God.
Other forces manifested themselves in an opposite
direction. The warmth of the sun, the fruitfulness of the
earth, the cooling breeze, the rain refreshing the parched earth,
and numberless other agreeable effcts could only be the results
of the activity of an opposite nature to that of the evil one.
This deity had to be thanked, and when a period of storm and
famine gave way to one of mildness and plenty, what more
natural than to ascribe it to the victory of the Good One over
the Evil One? One was to be prayed to for success in the chase
or in war, and for protection against the Evil One. The latter
had to be appeased by the sacrifice of the most precious of his
primitive wealth, in order that he might be kept in good temper.
Thus arose the ideas of God and the Devil, founded on
man's ignorance of the laws that govern the forces of nature.
Every step taken by man along the pathway of knowledge
has increased his skepticism as to the existence of a supernatural devil, who was responsible for the unhappiness caused
by flood, drouth, famine, fire, earthquake, or sickness. He has
learnt, in a.large and consequently increasing measure, to
control many of these forces that were wont to strike him with
terror and dire forebodings when they ran amok—or at least
to foretell their coming, and by preparation to minimize their
effects. The science of meteorology tells him when to expect
floods and drouths. By strengthening the banks of the rivers
he minimizes the ravages of the former; by building reservoirs
and dams he stores up the water in time of plenty to provide
against the time of scarcity, or uses it to turn the desert into
a garden. The science of seismology is rapidly becoming a>i
exact one. It has discovered the weak spots in the earth's
crust, and has explained the causes of earthquakes by a perfectly natural pulling and straining of the strata in process of
adjustment, and the activity of volcanoes with an understandable explanation of their causes.
Flood and fire and lightning have been chained and controlled, and made to perform in man's service, and the ancient
tale that they were the manifestations of an evil supernatural
power, let loose to punish man for his transgressions, or in
malignant spite, is smiled at, and reserved as a tale to frighten
little children into being good.
The veil that hid the unknown has been torn aside, and
the terrors that were inspired by the very existence of the
unknown have been brushed aside with it.
In the same way, be has discarded the idea of a beneficent
supernatural deity who was his friend and protector, and the
enemj of tho Kvil One. Observation of the effects of his own
activity on the materials supplied him by nature has shown him
that many of the results obtained are superior to what he had
previously considered the gifts of a good spirit. With the
growth of his knowledge and understanding of natural laws
he can perform wonders of creation, that, in spite of the Bible,
"add cubits to his stature," and multiply his strength a thousand-fold. By pressing a button he can provide or deny light
to thousands of his kind. By pulling a lever he can set in motion mighty machines, his own creation, that perform the work
of a host. Time and distance he has annihilated, continents
and oceans are made to serve his ends, the empire of the air is
surrendering to his assaults, and the heavens he scans with
his telescopes, searching their innermot recesses, classifying
tabulating, weighing the planets, following them in their
paths, predicting their coming and going, in perfect understanding of the laws that govern them in their movements.
And in all he finds no God superior to himself. He has found
that all things, animate and inanimate, but himself are the
blind subjects of natural forces. He alone is able to look these
mighty powers in the face, bend them to his will. He has discovered that the universe is eternal, yielding implicit obedience
to inexorable cosmic laws of birth, growth, and decay, oper-
.ating in an eternal cycle of change, in utter disregard of puny
humanity. The light of scientific research has been turned
■ on the dark places, and God and the Devil are rolling their
Supernatural religion has lost its hold on the masses. Priest
and parson see their influence dwindling, and the ruling classes
are correspondingly uneasy at the growing independence of
thought among their subjects. The "divine right" of kings
of all descriptions, whether they be of dynasty, or of mine,
rail, and soil, is being seen in its proper light as but the might
of the strong to oppress the weak. The spell of creeds and
litanies is vanishing, and the disinherited are getting ready
to measure their might against that of the Lord's anointed.
The churches, handmaidens of the rulers, are behaving like,
hens that have hatched out ducklings, beating the air and
waking the echoes with their cacklings of reproachful distress
at the unnatural perversity of their erstwhile docile wards,
now manifesting an intention to strike out for themselves.
Militias of Christ and Forward Movements are financed
by the wealthy to combat the growing tendency to independence of thought amongst the hitherto thoughtless—but all in
To compensate for the vanishing efficacy of the superstitious chloroform, the rulers are strengthening their brutal
forces of repression, preparing for the day when their right to
rule and rob will be definitely challenged by their victims.
Cadet corps, Boy Scouts, and militia are being held up to the
young and thoughtless lenient of the working class as holy
and patriotic institutions for the preservation and protection
of the God-ordained dispensation of capital and human blavery.
"The dog barks, but the moon sails on."
Human society moves in obedience to laws as inflexible
as those that govern the movements of the planets. Capitalist
production has chained the forces of nature and broken the
chains of mental enslavement. Cause and effect obtain as unceasingly and unerringly in the brains of the human race
and in human institutions as in the heavens. The modern
working class is fast beginning to realize that the titanic forces
of modern machinery are the product of its brain and hand,
responsive to its slightest touch, and that knowledge has engendered in its collective brain a growing confidence in its
collective power and irresistible might. It no longer looks
to heavens of brass for a supernatural savior, or to the classes
above it for a Moses to lead it out of the house of bondage, but
is becoming conscious of the strength that resides within itself.
It is growing in the knowledge that "he who would be free,
must himself strike the blow," and is equipping itself for the
task that lies before it—to put the finishing touches to man's
age-long struggle with nature for the means to satisfy his
physical needs, by wresting the marvellous machines of modern
wealth production from the hands of the few, and placing
them in the hands of society.
Then, with superstition and slavery behind it, its feet for
the first time planted on the soil of freedom, humanity will
pass through the gates of a new dawn, and enter upon a period
of achievement, for which tho toilsome passage through the
jungles of evolution, from cave to steel mill, has been the cruel
but necessary apprenticeship.
Strange, isn't It, how the minds of
these terrible Socialists, with their
Atheism, Free Love and Drunkenness
(!) run on creating ideal cities, states
and worlds for mankind to dwell in.
Here we have a Morris with his
dustman "Boflln" in gold lace; there
among the peace of the Swiss mountains we first enter H. G. Wells' wonderful world state- and come back reluctantly to real life in the roaring
London streets.
How deep and real is this craving
for a better state of things was once
more evinced by the appearance several years ago of the book of one
Ebenezer Howard, whose dream "Garden Cities of Tomorrow" resulted in
England in a practical demonstration
of a Garden City of today. What is
better still, it led to a whole movement towards bettering city planning
and housing conditions all over the
As a result of its advent, Garden
Cities and Garden City Suburbs, both
public and private, have sprung up,
not only in England but all over the
civilized world.
Only this last week I saw in an
English paper that there was a fresh
scheme afoot to deal with 700 acres
in the North of England in Garden
City Fashion, while it is no news to
Canada that Toronto is considering a
Garden City Suburb, and that Winnipeg has its scheme already in hand.
On flrst coming to Canada, I saw
that part of Toronto by the lakeside
by night, and had a sudden rush of
homesickness for Garden City.
Those white, sleeping, gabled
houses among the pine trees conjured
up another city dreaming in the moonlight and the hush of the common
There was "in the air," too, a sense
of contact with big developments of
human energy, and there was space
aud freedom to the west.
It was a familiar Garden City thrill
over again. One got it there, however, from the stir of big humanitarian
movements with the bigness of outlook and freedom of thought they always bring along. It was a drawback,
in Toronto, to note that all this joyous
stirring of energy was, as far as an
outsider could Judge, merely for private ends.
The Letchworth Garden City is
about 30 miles from London. The
Garden City estate consists of about
4000 acres, and on one-third of this
area the city is being built. A belt of
agricultural and park land is being
reserved round the city, the idea with
the agricultural land being to bring
a market to the door of the small
holder, and on the other hand to bring
the social attractions of the city's life
within reach of the lonely worker on
the land.
The Garden City promoters wisely
prevented real estate dabbling by
keeping the freehold of the land in
their own hands. Building leases
were, however, granted for 99 or 999
They also put in hand the gas and
water supplies and the sanitation of
the city. There ls a proviso, I believe,
by which a residents' council may
take over these undertakings on behalf of the community within a certain
stated number of years. Then ln all
probability the city will be practically
tax free as a result of the profits ot
these, enterprises.
I have just been looking over a book
of 55 pictures ot the city recently published.
Many very beautiful houses are
there, and among them the houses of
the workers are well represented.
They are in arrangement, sanitation,
lighting and fresh air facilities, palaces to what the workers generally
get for their portion.
Of course, as certain of us agreed
In the solemn conclaves we held on
every subject under the sun, Garden
City only represented the best that
could be done under Capitalism. But
It was very nice to be going on with!
The ordinary world wasn't a patch on
it, and it whetted our appetite and
stimulated our imagination as to still
better things. Certainly the children
brought up in that atmosphere will
not have the old servility ln their
bones that the workers have suffered
from in the past. They will want more
and get it.
The greatest number ot houses allowed to an acre by Garden City rules
was twelve, and ot course ln many
cases lt was very much fewer.
A Co-operative Building Society, the
"Garden City Tenants," built some fine
houses.     On   Eastholm   Green   and
ample, the houses were grouped in a
semi-circle round a common "green."
Each house had Its own garden strip
back and front, but the green was for
the use of all and was used for tennis,
bowls, etc.; while the children had a
sand heap at one end.
A hall that was used as a club and
general social centre by its tenants
was another of the co-operative
schemes of this society.
It was one of the regulations ot the
city that no house Bhould be built
without a bath. Many a weary mother
must have rejoiced over that! The
baths were squeezed in ln the most
Ingenious places ln houses that could
not spare a separate room for bathroom. A favorite place was the back
kitchen. Here they were provided
with a wooden lid which made an excellent table. Others were moved on
a spring and tipped up against the
wall out of the way when finished
with. Others again were let into the
ground in front of the fireplace in the
living-room. They had one drawback
in being no use for the children.
The houses, too, had plenty of
clothes cupboards and kitchen cupboards (a real luxury).
Manufacturers were not slow to
avail themselves of the inducements
held out by Garden City. The promoters of the Garden City set aside
a factory area, and a belt of trees was
planted round it. This in some measure cut it off with its ugliness and
smoke from the homes, and made-
Letch worth healthier than the most
cities which have manufactures.
All this fresh air and light and
wholeBomeness had its effect. In one
of the most congested districts in London the death rate of children is over
400 in the 1000. I believe it is even
higher ln Toronto. Garden City only
lost two children during the two years
I spent there.
It has been said that a community
never rises above the level of its women. That also is true as regards its
children. The Garden City children
were certainly unique. They were not
unlike the children who are springing
up like flowers along the country side
In Canada, a product of the free, happy
life here: little creatures with the restlessness of the winds and sea In their
dancing feet, and the swiftness of the
wild things in every movement. They
alone would have justified Garden
City's existence.
They were full of devilment though,
as the teachers at the public schools
found out. In education, in spite of
much talking, we don't as a rule cater
for the needs of real children, but for
little academic prigs who can pass examinations; that is why so many people are still uncultured and narrow-
minded in spite of our public schools.
These teachers were representative
of the growing mass of teachers who
wish for better things. Unlike the
mass, however, they were allowed
scope for experiments, and they certainly lived in an atmosphere sympathetic to change. Everybody thought
they knew something about education
in Garden City at the flrst, whether
they did or not!
Among the many things that amuse
me on looking back on the life there,
are the adventures of those unfortunate teachers. They certainly weren't
alone in their sorrows. All of ub at
the flrst thought we were "advanced"
and proceeded to turn some department or other of life upside down! It
was really a happy time. We were all
so Interested in each other's bubbling
over of life and joy. Most of us were
brought low in some fashion or another, but possibly it was worth it.
PerhapB even the teachers would Bay
so, though I guess some of them wished they had been content with things
as their fathers had them.
Removed from 58 Hornby St. to
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Vancouver, B.C.
A Good Place to Eat at
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
(Continued from Page One)
of Reason." He was sentenced to one
year's imprisonment in the "Cold Bath
Fields' PrlBon" by the Court of. King's
For twenty years the Age of Reason was not offered for sale, hut ln
1818 and old man, seventy years of
age, Daniel Isaac Eaton, published
the third part of Paine's book—devoted to an examination of the New Testament prophecies. He was sentenced
to eighteen months' Imprisonment and
to stand for so many hours each week
in the public pillory. This outrageous
and disgustingly brutal sentence
aroused the Indignation of Shelley, the
poet, who forwarded to, and had pub-
The best and cheapest
Cordova Boarding House
612 Cordova Street East
session of Parliament it was thought
advisable to abolish the pillory.
In the year 1813 a Mr. Houston wrote
and published a book on Jesus Christ
called "Ecce Homo." In the eyes of
the lauthorities it was a "blasphe-t
mous production"; he was, therefore,
prosecuted and sentenced to two years'
imprisonment in Newgate Prison and
fined £200.
About this time a number of political tracts (Hone's Parodies) were
made the objects of state hatred, and
five men were prosecuted for issuing
them, among whom were Hone himself and Richard Carlile.
During the administration of Wm.
Pitt a bookseller called Easterfleld
printed a private edition of Hone's
Parodies and other works, for an
American store of which he was
agent. Pitt, getting wind of it, seized
the whole edition (and destroyed it)
by an act tantamount to burglary.
Every book, pamphlet and poom
which had been pronounced seditious,,
blasphemous, impure or Immoral by
the authorties of the "Vice Society,"
Collected by Richard Carlile.
In the December of 1818 he began the
task upon which his heart was set—
the open defiance of tyranny and the
determination to establish, in the face
of all opposition from the forces of bigotry a free press. By the year following, he had printed and exposed for
sale every "damned" book and tract
lt was possible to remember. In 1819
the "Vice Society" Instituted an action
against him for the publication of Palmer's "Principles of Nature," and the
Attorney-General at the same time arrested him for publishing Paine's Theological Works. On the flrst charge he
received a sentence of one year's imprisonment and was fined £500; on the
second case he was sentenced to two
years' imprisonment and was fined
£1,000. Over and above this severe
punishment, two raids were made
upon his property, and over one hundred thousand books were seized, besides articles of furniture, fixtures,
etc. No account was ever rendered by
anyone as to the disposal of this
property, which prevented Carlile paying his fine. Application was made
to every conceivable quarter for information as to where his property was,
but all information and redress was denied. No settlement could be made In
consequence, and Carlile added twenty-
eight months to Mb sentence of three
years through his inability to pay.
In the meantime John Cahauc was
prosecuted by the "Vice Society" for Issuing "Principles of Nature," but escaped incarceration by payment ot
money. Thomas Tyler waB next imprisoned for three months, at the instigation of the "Vice Society" for
selling a copy of the new edition of
Paine's Works.  ThlB was in 1820.
With Carlile undergoing an Imprisonment equivalent to penal servitude,
his effects confiscated by rascally attorneys, and victims being persecuted
right and left, it must not be imagined
that the myrmidons ot the "Vice Society" and the law were to be congratulated on the result of their reprisals.
They had virtually run up against a
stone wall in their endeavoura to
Buppress the claim for freedom of action in the matter of publication. The
Carlile household were all tarred with
the same heroic stick. Richard himself in prison could do little but write
letters and conduct small business, but
his wife, MrB. Jane Carlile, continued his work outside. She published
an account of his trial and issued No.
9, Vol. I., of the periodical "The Republican," together with Sherwln's
Life of ThomaB Paine." Immediately
the "Vice Society" took action, but
through a technical flaw In the Indictment she escaped penalty for the "offence." However the authorities were
bent upon   taking their   "pound   of
Book and
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