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Western Clarion Oct 1, 1910

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Array NO. 5<f
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, Oct. 1, 1910.
subscription Price
PM Vli»
Subversion of Art in the Race for 'Profit
No matter what the occupations, no
matter what method of producing it,
whether it is Ihe purity of a virgin,
or the profession of acting, there the
commercial spirit invades, nnd with
its weight crushes any element there
was of the artistic and its beauty
sparks vanish. It is the inevitable development of capitalism and it is
bound to go. I stepped into a vaudeville house the other day to while away
the time. Then, I was ill, and I
thought I might be amused. I was!
I saw artists (?) telling us about the
moon, others about the "woykin" class,
afi"d still others dancing themselves to
a standstill. They perspired freely.
Before their "curtain" exhaustion and
fatigue could be read in their faces.
The rapidity in which they did their
acts Is different now to what it was
five years ago.
1 remember clearly the first time I
went as a newspaper representative
to a variety theatre in England. The
theatre had been my abode night, after
night. I was familiar with the artists.
Some were friends. Some are still. I
noted then that when a song was finished the artist would be permitted
to go out and dress for his (or her)
next effort. A minute to two min-
■ utes were allowed. Not so to-day!
The majority of artists keep on the
stage all the time except to put on
another hat, or get a stick from the
wings. Rest is barred. The object of
the manager is to give entertainment
to his patrons, and whether the artists
suffer from asthma or bronchitis, that
person must keep at it until the time!tion, full of the highest emotions, ex-
allotted for its performance is over,  pressing reality in its portrayal, was
mites. What they don't kow about
the preparation for the act they have
seen would soon astonish them if published. The introduction Into the
theatrical and musicfhall profession,
of children (whether they have licenses or not, makes no difference) is
having the tendency of lowering the
wages on the average.
If any artist has accomplishment it
does not matter to the proprietors unless it is going to "draw." They don't
want art. It's profits they want. They
will ransack the Philippines, Sumatra
or even the jungles of Africa and India
in order to attract crowds. They make
offers to accused murderers if released,
they care not for art, it is advertisement they want and profits. That's
all. The efforts now of certain firms
in England such as the Stoll Syndicate,
to "present" Mesdames Bernhardt and
Rpjane or Moody-Manners is not because they desire to elevate the standard of excellence, but because they get
profits. Consul, the famous monkey,
is as welcome as J. P. Sousa or Kube-
lik. It's profit they want, and they get
The commercialization of art, literature, music and the theatrical profession is not bringing out the best in
mankind, but is stifling it. The enormous power of the various international syndicates show clearly that "art
and culture" are subject to the caprice
of money-grasping men and not men
who understand art. The Introduction
of the Salome dance by Maud Allan,
which in itself was a wonderful crea-
Then he or she has to get off, unless
the stage manager says otherwise,
which is rare.
The theatrical business is one which
has a greater trust than Is generally
known. Both in England and the
States and Canada, a few men control
the majority of theatres and vaudeville
houses. The artists are as great a
slave class to their proprietors as the
slave was "down South" a half century
ago. Take England, for example.
There, before you can get employment
at one house, you must sign not to appear at a competing company's house
within a radius of from three to twenty
miles of the hall_ where you sign to
appear.    The regulations and restrlc-
not for art's sake.   It was for providing a few men with an easy hundred
Soon these things will u >.onpid,
soon the working class will rise . "1
understand that the development of
art can be alone secured whin there
Where is the flag of England?
Seek the land where the natives rot;
Where ("ecay and assured extinction
Must soon be the people's lot.
ls a free system. A system wherein Oo search for the once glad islands
art will be fostered for Art's sake, j V here disease and death are rife,
Wherein we will be able to enjoy the IA id the greed of a callous commerce
executions of great brains. Wherein
those engaged will nn*- have to seli
themselves, but will be tree to give
their best because that art in them is I
N >w battens on human life!
ere is the Sag of England?
lo sail where rich galleons come
part of society, society has given them I'I ith shoddy and "loaded" cottons,
the opportunity to produce. No longer
the selling of the body in order *o increase the low wages, but thi "s>r-
ticlpation in a healthy recreatioi. or
for the enjoyment of all mankind.
And the winds of the world n ■ ie answer,
North, south and ( '. vest;
Wherever there's wealth to covot,
Or land that i   n be possess'd;
Wherever are savage .    es
Tb cozen, coerce unci scare,
Ye shall find the vaulted ensign;
For the English tun       ill re!
Ay, it waves o'er the blazi.is,- hrvels
.Whence African victims Uy,
To be shot by explosive bu'l»t:
Or lo wretchedly starve and C
And where the beach-comber harries
Isles of the Soumern Sea,
At the peak of his hellish vessel
Tis the English flag flies free.
The Maori full oft hath cursed it,
With his bitterest dying breath;
And the Arab has hissed his hatred
As he spat at its folds in death.
The hapless fellah has feared lt
On Tel-el-Kebir's parched plain,
And the Zulu's blood has dyed it    -
With a deep, indelible stain.
It has floated o'er scenes of pillage,
It has flaunted o'er deeds of shame;
And beer and Bibles and rum;
Go, too, where brute force has triumphed
And hypocrisy makes its lair;
ud your question will find its answer,
For the flag of England is there!
—Henry Labouchere, in London Truth.
tMan's ^Progress Through Successive Stages
The Spencerian philosophy, if it has
done nothing else, has at least offered
a probable clue to the solutloa ot some
of the great world-enigmas in the following statemer-t: "From the earliest traceable eosmical changes down
to the latest results of civilization, the
transformation of the homogedeous
into the, heterogeneous, through successive differentiations and integrations, is that in which progress necessarily consists." In other words, everything in the illimitable universe,
compared with which this puny earth
of ours is but ft mere speck in the
or two hundred pounds per week.   11 It has waved o'er the fell marauder
can say this with authority, knowing
the whole matter, that Maud Allan,
who appeared before tho King and
Queen, she to whom society became
prostrate, s-lie who was principal guest
at the T-rime Minister's house in Downing street, London, the headquarters
of the British Empire, she, the finest
delineator of dancing, who could embody song with life by the dance, did
not get one-sixth of the money that
was paid as salary for her services.
She was run by a scheming set of
commercial men for what they could
get out of her services.   I could men-
,„, . ,„ tion a good many cases like hers, but
t ons are astounding.      The    variety •*• • ....      . . „
f.just one will  suffice,  that  is  of Lily
stage in England is a whole den
slavery. The growth Of competition
for employment brings down the
wages of those in the profession. The
slavish conditions makes those in the
profession mere tools to the large
variety hall proprietors. The artists
must appear- for rehearsal at a certain time, must be at the theatre ready
at a certain time, must be on at a
stated period and must get off at a
stated time, No artist can go on the
front of the house without permission
of the manager. The two houses
nightly system in England is wrecking
the pntystqtie of those engaged In the
work. There are hundreds of artists
in England getting less than $10 per
The intensifying point grows greater
every month: The exploitation grows
and in its growth we see exactly what
occurred in the factory development.
Women are displacing men and now
children are beating down the wages
of both. There is barely a provincial
hall of note that has not at least two
turns of children each week. I have
seen the poor kiddies put through acts
as cruel as can be thought of. I have
seen their owners lounging about with
fat cigars and diamonds protruding
from all parts of them*"- and the children hardly get any spending money.
They have a hellish life coupled up
together in lodgings and Sundays occupied in travelling. Time after time
have I complained about it. I have,
when writing up any musical or dramatic noteB made reference to It. The
men or women who employ them, prey
upon the relatives of the children,
and curiously one week I took a friend
to about four music halls and at each
place the children were minus teeth
and most of them were lisping. The
Ignorance of the audience makes them
applaud  the  exertion  of these  tiny
Elsie, who played so well as the
"Merry Widow." She has been unlucky in all her efforts up to a year
ago. I remember her 12 years ago as
a child, being used by some unscrupulous theatrical manager in a Panto-
mine. She had talent then, and she
still has it.
At other times one sees artists pushed to the front who are mediocrities.
The chorous girls in certain companies
can't get. a speaking line*or song unless they can guarantee an admirer or
two for the stalls. Advancement in
the chorus in London hns only been
made by having a rich admirer,   En-
As he ravished with sword and flame
It has looked upon ruthless slaughter
At massacre dire and grim;
It has heard the shrieks of the victims
Drown even the jingo hymn.
("A True Incident.")
He was a patriotic individual, also
young and an Englishman, which pro-1 sunbeam, down to man himself, who
bably ii counts for his patriotism and lean only be considered as "a tiny grain
anti-German attitude. Many times he 'of protoplasm in the perishable frame-
boastfully declared that England ruled work of nature," is merely representa-
the waves and come what might, Ger- five of a continuous change from sim-
ma iy must and would be beaten ] I"lp to more and more complex forms,
bac'.? Dutchmen were the curse of a proper understanding of the laws
the world; likewise the Socialists for !governing which, has not only made
they would take all He had and divide ' possible the interpretation of the phenomena of events in the inorganic and
organic worlds, but will also, in the
light of economic determinism, serve
as a guide in unravelling the mysteries
of human progress.
This law of progress, or evolution as
it is more commonly called, while unta
versal in its application, is more amply
manifested in the case of men, inasmuch, man is also a tool-creating and
tool-using animal, thereby producing
what is termed an economic environ-
jmsnt, as distinguished from the mere
biological conditions suroundingr other
living matter. Weare also told that
there exists, from a biological standpoint, no fundamental physical or mental difference between man and his
nearest relatives among the mammals,
the necessary corollary being that man
is no more possessed of transcendental reasoning powers than his much-
berated uncle, the anthropoid, as a
critical inquiry into the history of the
human family will reveal, bo that,
practically speaking, his tool-creating
propensities alone constitute the line
of demarcation between man and other
animal life, ln seeking for an explanation of social development, therefore,
wo must follo\> the tool of production
i . its growth from the simple to the
No he was no slave, he was a free
born Englishman, able and willing to
work, and more able to get it. He was
going to save his money and presently, by some means attain a position of
affluence. No, he had not read any
Socialist works,~didn't want to, he was
no slave, than'   I od he knew that?
>''j'i "'" '       human folly, the other
i day   my  pau iotin  friend  started  the
threatened  German  wa.-  on  his own
account by attempting to assault his
'* ■!■' rn fellow slave, with   a   bottle.
S;i..ilt failed, his master's atteption
was called to his belligerent tendencies, and, exit Mr. Patriot.
Tliis morning I saw him on the
' vi. a masterless man, but free at
:ast. I spoke unto his thus: "You
ought to be supremely happy now,
for yu■.: !md a chance to show your
patriotism, and today you are a freer
man thau ever you were." He turned
away vi.h a weary smile and answered never a word. F. S. F,
Perhaps at no time since the Bryan
free silver agitation, the famous "16
to 1" proposition, was finally dropped
in the campaign of 1U00, has the political situation In the United States been
more worthy of close watching by socialists on the Canadian side of the
boundary line. For at least ten years
the clamor against the increasing
power of the "Trusts" has been continuous and bitter. The literary efforts of newspapers, magazines novt' ,
etc., In this direction has been something stupendous in volume. To help
swell the general chorus of condemnation, presidents, politicians and professors have joined in, together with
many alleged Socialists, these latter
about the stupidest of the lot.    This
them at
a refo
outer ii
dead '
the   gains made by
mating primaries on
. iriogr.  u !ias caused the So-
) take notice with  manifest
.nievhat perplexed as to the
After drifting around every-
lieso many years, lugging the
ugh: of a platform of iramedi-
happened just when so many Socialist
candidates are making an appeal for 	
, , ,,„   ..   , .....lit might be said, was the flrst modo
the workers  suffrage, staling that this j   ........
Archaeologists and historians, prominent among whom may be mentioned
Professor Morgan, divide the history
of the human race into three main
epochs—savagery, barbarism and civilization—distinguishable from one another, as Marx points outs, not so much
by the things made, as by the manner
in which they were made and the instruments used In making them.
For instance, savagery, broadly
speaking, marks the time when man,
as yet, mainly subsisted on fruit and
fish, that is to say, finished natural
products. The adoption of fish as a
staple food naturally presupposes the
discovery and use of fire, while to this
period belongs also the use of palaeolithic and neolithic implements, or un-
sharpened and subsequently sharpened stones.
Barbarism, again, is expressive of
a higher degree of development^'
man's supremacy over nature by the
introduction of iron implements, the
domestication of animals, the cultivation of food-plants and the use of
adobes and stones for buildings.
Civilization, the last and to us the
most important epoch, may be said to
date from the time when labor-power,
through the development of the tool,
became so proActive that it was possible for man to produce more than
he required for his own maintenance,,
thereby making slavery possible and
making it necessary as a result of the
struggle for existence and the consequent separation of the laborer from
his Instruments of labor. As a matter
of fact, this epoch, the history of which
is written, is essentially one of human slavery, and may be subdivided
into three stages, namely chattel slavery, feudalism and modern wage-slavery.
Hitherto, man's struggle for existence had been with nature, whereas
with the approach of civilization lt
developed or rather degenerated into
a struggle between man and his fellow-man. In primitive society, the
form of ownership being more or less
communal, the members of the community were bound together by family
ties, while under the baneful influence
of a slave civilization, the social relations became property relations, and
property in the means of life remains to this day the sole nexus between man and num.   So that slavery,
ate  <lei .anils,  the   Socialist   Party  of
gagements In certain variety halls and j tirade, mainly of abuse, seems to have
theatres are dependent upon the lax (been singularly ineffective in spite of
"morals" of the applicants and the lust-'government interference In some cases,
ful passions of the manager. With the
usual result music and Its suporters
would be astonished at what could be
revealed. Art in all Its branches is
stifled for the sake of pelf. Physical
satisfaction is also an Influence that
gives some artists "great" names. The
management of the "Comedle Fran-
caise," the Opera and "Opera
Comlque" In Paris have been accused
many times of being honfired in various ways by certain applicants.
Art is not fostered in present day
theatricals. It is used for making
slaves of one set and rich men of another. Like all forms of industry, it is
the exploitation of the artists that
makeB for the rich magnates of the
theatrical world. Under the guise of
developing art, men are feted and also
knighted by the king for their knavish
roguery. Society is led. The king
gives an impetus. Society crowds to
see a play. The girls who tour the
provinces and who wear such gaudy
raiment, dreBaed like queenB, only get
about $10 to $12.50 per week. How
do they do lt?   Art, Art, Art!
and there is little to show that any
barrier has yet been put to the expansion of the gigantic combinations
of capital.
However, the opposition has at last
begun to take definite shape, being
brought to a head through a long standing quarrel between big and little capitalists chiefly over the conservation
of the natural resources of the country. From this has sprung a division
In the ranks of the hitherto dominant
political party and the big and little
are now arrayed against one anether
as "Stand-patters" vs. "Insurgents."
But for the sequel this would be or
no particular concern to those looking from the view point of the working class. It,' has long been known
that no matter how capitalists fight
among themselves to gain individual
advantage, they are Conscious of what
their class Interests are and never
allow party allegiance to blur the Issue in the face of encroachment thereon by the forces of labor. The appearance on the political field of the "In-
is a Socialist, year, that the nation ia
,   , , .    . ...     but on economii
coming their way, and instancing the I  _      ,^_  ..,_,__.
.Milwaukee "victory" as proof thereof, is likely to have a depressing effect
on their election prospects.
Does  It not seem  that tho Social-
the   United   States  suddenly   became |lst Party has  neon strangely  lax ln
aware  that the   enemy is stealing its  rjs|ng  t0  th6 occasion and  using its
thundi  ,    advocating    reforms anala- 'supposed  Influence   to   educate    the
gou-    to   the   Soi*ai.st   program   and ! workers to an understanding of their  inK in generaj '„, „lp 'tjln,;. In:,:,.,,,,.
up,   ■■  n.ii:    the   methods   and   tac-  claS9   mission,   when    so    supremely 10f hnfflan development.   For savagery,
ridiculous a thing as Roosevelt's or ' we have group marriage, for barbarism
any other insurgent's approval could the pairing family and for civlllzo-
even he faintly conceived of? The tion, monogamy, supplemented by pros-
tendency of the times in the United ;titntitm and adultery, monogamy arls-
States is to* renounce party fealty. iing, as Engels remarks, through the
With the splitting up of the old poll-j concent rat Ion of considerable wealth
tical   parties,  newspapers are  becom- |n one hour—a man's bund—and from
of production founded, not on natural,
conditions, that is to
say, the victory of private property
over primitive and natural collectivism,
and it is characteristic of civilization
that even at this early stage we find
the economic factor beginning to break
up the home long before capitalism
was ever dreamt of, We have threo
main forms of the family correspond*
tic     ot
Jr  organization.
bat h'! j might easily happen has
m: y times been pointed out to the
membership in the States, but apparently without much effect. The situation  has   lately  been  further  aggra
vated by the sudden switching
to the insurgent side of ex-
President Col. T. Koosevelt, who,
after a whilrwind lecture tour has
been charged from several sources
with using Socialistic arguments and
indeed of being a Socialist himself.
It does not matter whether or not
this is a skillfully planned scheme
of some crafty politician to distract
attention from e regular Socialist
propaganda ai 1 direct wavering
voters to another cause, the fact remains tbat ,. bas been possible to
create an It ip 'eeslon in the popular
mind that th,.- insurgent agitation
ls a work'v; class propasition instetd
of a scrap between v,al Capitalist interests.
There ls really no essential difference between Roosevelt's present slogan of "Mew Nationalism" or Wil-
shlre's "I.et the nation own the trustB"
now a decade old. Both of them
mean nothing more than "Government
ownership" and are so understood by
most of those who have heard anything of them.    For all this to have
ing indifinito and vague in their allili-
ations and dyed-in-the-wool publications generally discredited.
The opportunity of the Socialist
party at this juncture would appear
to He in such a revision of its platform and me; 'ioiIs as will make positively clear to the workingclass JuBt
where its interests really are. It is
the lesson that the present conditions teach, and if it is to retain any
prestige at all the party should heed
it. Whatever the results at the Congressional elections of November 4th,
!the real winning propaganda lies in
the discarding of passionate denunciation and sentimental misery—picturing. Keep the Issue clear, hold to the
revolutionary position of direct attack
on the wage system, enfranchisement
from which is the worker's only salvation. That done the last will then
be heard of any political party of the
master class stealing the Socialist
thunder. It will be interesting to
watch the events during this campaign in  the  United  Slates.
the endeavor to bequeath this wealth
to the children of Oils mnn to Ihe exclusion of all others, so that "Ihe historical relations of man and wife have
their source In the economic conditions of life, nnd nol in the religious
conceptions of a given period."
It Is also a matter of history that
conceptions of morality and codes of
ethics vary in proportion as different
modes of producing wealth dictate, and
the whole history of the human race
is replete wllh overwhelming evidence of man's aptitude for adapting
his "human nature" to every new condition of obtaining his brend and butler, so thnt our juridical, philosophical
and religious ideas are the more or
less remote offshoots of the economic
relations prevailing in a given society.
It must be distinctly remembered,
however, that man, so far, has been
an unconscious actor in the formation
of tho society In which he lives and
of which he forms a part. He has
been carried along, as it were, by
blind chance, chance being understood
(Continued on Page 2Jt     ;v Two
Published every Saturday by the
Socialist Party of Canada, at the Office
ot the Western Clarion, Flack Block
Basement, 16& Hasting;, Street, Vancouver, B. C.
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be a most excellent and trustworthy
party member, for we know of some
than whom tliere are none bettor. So
there you are.    Where are you?
To sum up. Let us never forgot that
wage slavery is our theme In season
and out of season. Other tlMngs are
side issues. These, including religion,
while tbey should be dealt with truthfully and dispassionately when the occasion arises, yet they should never be
given a prominence that would for an
instant tend to distract attention from
the main issue.
Watch the label on your paper. If this number ia on it,
your subscription expires the
next isaue.
Under the above caption the Social-
lit Party of Great Britain has issued a
pamphlet which, in many respects, is
as clear and, for its size, comprehensive an exposition of the subject as we
have run across. Taking as its text
Slarx' epigram, "History has been explained by religion long enough, let us
explain religion by history," it traces
briefly the surmised origin and tne actual evolution of religion as a natural
phenomenon in the past, demies
its present position, and postulates its
future extinction owing to'the ushering in of economic conditions unfavorable to its continuance.
The one point wherein we are inclined to differ with it is that, in defining the Socialist attitude towards
religion, it inclines to give to anti-
Christianity a prominence almost equal
to anti-capitalism. This, of course,
& due probably in no small degree to
the fact that the I. h. R and S. D. P.
have sought to conciliate, when they
have not unashamedly catered to religious prejudices, which would naturally have the effect of driving the S.
P. of G. B. to the opposite extreme.
Wherein extremes approach, for, to
single out religion for attack from
among the general effects of an in
nerted society, is bordering rather too
closely on the position of the Anarchists, who, at bottom, are but reformers,
in endeavoring to exterminate religion
as- a step towards economic emancipation—another case of attempting to
abolish a cause by striking at its effects.
To our mind the church is no worse
than the "social evil," the "liquor traffic," or the press, the judiciary, the
Liberal-Conservative Party or the
At any rate, not sufficiently worse to
merit such especial attention on our
part. True it frequently attacks us
Tith a vindictiveness and unscrupulous
mendacity altogether "unchristian,"
but these attacks, so far from causing
us any concern, should give us no little
satisfaction as a symptom of the
church's decadence and our growth.
Those who are hurt squeal.
Not that we suggest any conciliatory
attitude towards religion. Instead, if
choice must be made, it would be
much safer to antagonize than to conciliate, for its friendship is more to
oe feared than Its wrath. But we do
insist that to make a set anti-religious
*ampaign Is unscientific as an attack
upon an effect that can, as Marx says,
"only finally vanish, when the practical
relations of everyday life offer to man
none but perfectly intelligible and reasonable relations with regard to his
fellow men and to nature." Not only
that, but it is a waste of time which
should as much aa possible be devoted
Jo telling and retelling the worker that
lie is a slave, and why he Is a slave.
These facts once thoroughly assimilated by him, In nine cases out of ten
the church itself may be relied upon
to relieve him of any shreds of religion
be might happen to possess.
II has been urged that we should
refrain from attacking religion, ns a
matter of expediency. With this argument, however, we have no sympathy. For one thing, we question the
Tirtue of expediency. But, letting that
pass, we doubt the expediency. So far
as we have seen, the hold which religion has upon the proletariat, In the
West, for certain, has been greatly
exaggerated. So mucli so that an occasional slam at the church Is by no
means unfavorably received, and we
ttiiiiii the Party's organizers will bear
a* out in this.
.   On the other hand, we cannot agree
Hat One cannot be a Christian and a
■ ■•etallst    It is true that a man cannot
•Staatftently  be   both,  but  man   is  so
MlSWIBttily  schooled   in   inconsistency
[ enn even bo honestly incon-
i We do know that, a man can
Iristian, as Christians go, and
That the world is a huge market
place, wherein one-half the human
population exhorts the other half to
buy its wares, is a vivid truth that is
everywhere brazenly apparent. Go
where we will, from the importunate
peddler    there  is  no  escape.    Every
of the world into an international force the means of production, and the same
for the preservation of the world's cause is at work, In essence, In the
peace." i continued   separation  of  the  laborer
Now, if the war machinery of all from his instruments of labor that
nations is to be embodied in that of.' characterized the earlier stages of
the World Federation, what nation ' slavery, namely, political force, poten-
would, or could if it would, threaten . tial or kinetic, the main difference con-
anybody's peace? The fact of the mat- sisting in an increased, degree of com-
ter is just this: There is peace be- plexitjr in modern methods of class
tween  nations now, because  there is 'rule.
nothing over which to fight. Britain j Legislative asemblies, courts of law,
and America do not fight, because the j the press, the public school, the ros-
rulers of one are the rulers of the trum, the pulpit and as a last resort
other; the interests of the property j the army and navy, are but dlfferen-
owners of one country are identical jtiated functions of modern capitalist
with those of the other. So they shout government, evolved from the one-time
peace and call it "good-will," "reason" j simple weapon of supremacy—thi
and "providence." This for our bene-|club. All these means of repression
fit.    So with all nations, or nearly so. |can result in the enslavement of the
But while the interests of the ruling working-class only with the consent
class of the world no longer permit of |0f that class itself, as not only do they
clashes between different countries,! constitute the army who occupy ail
the peace of the world was never so , modern  governmental  and  capitalist
Armies and navies are not
city,  where  Individuals  are  supposed; maintained for nothing.   Governments:
to congregate for mutual pleasure and | realize that though they may shake '■
advantage, .raves in a frenzy of adver- J llanas w)th each other, it were well j
tisement.    "Ours  is  the best,"  "Buy ] that each keep an eye over his shoul-
from us," wearies the eye and dulls del.    fov whiie the interests  of the j
vantage-points, but they also outnumber, to an enormous extent, the masterclass, together with their henchmen
and lickspittles, outside of the political sphere, and once they become
conscious of this act of self-repression
the senses by day and by night. There
is no art but advertising. Mendacity
is the measure of merit. But this evidence of civilization is not confined to
the city. We visited a spot recently
where Nature, at her best, strove to
outdo her own reflection in a placid
sea and, here, we thought, man may
be proud to have withheld his hand.
No such oversight! There shone a
mighty sample of the sign-painter's
skill, proclaiming the ever-present fact
that somewhere, somebody had something to sell.
Down town the other day we passed
a store window, in which sat a youthful slave engaged in pointing to the
lettering of an advertisement, evidently a frantic effort to attract the attention of passers-by. Outside stood
a lone, cadaverous-looking specimen of
the Yellow Peril. The youth in the
I window was of Anglo-Saxon origin, yet
I he strove hard to entice the heathen
Chinee to buy. It is very unpatriotic
to buy Chinese goods, but
height of patriotic devotion
world's rulers may be as one, they are j on their own part, they have no re
not those of the world's workers, and
everywhere smolder the embers of the
New War—not of natioii against nation, but of class vs. class.
Workers of the world, let them prate
of peace who have everything to lose
and nothing to gain by war. But you,
who have nothing to lose and everything to gain, organize and prepare to
fight in the war of your class rebellion.
(Continued from Page 1)
in this case as one end of an interpolation, the other end being economic
necessity, and with this fact in mind,
we may, perhaps, be able to account
for the slavish and degrading position,
the greater part of the human race
have been content to occupy from the
dawn of civilization down to the present day.
As long as production was individu-
it is the | al there could exist no such thing as
to sell j a differentiation of functions in man's
Canadian goods to Chinamen.
What applies to commodities, applies to men and women. We are a
race of peddlers, having nothing else,
the majority of' us sell ourselves. In
this as in all other cases, success is
measured by the blatancy of the advertising. How often do we hear of
the gentleman who got his start in
life by "putting up a good bluff" on
some employer. The poor bargainer
loses in the race.
Everything is produced for sale. In
order to salsfy some simple need, a
economic activities. Owning his own
tools, making them himself, applying
them to nature with his own hands
and consequently owning the product,
he personally performed from first to
last every act necessary to his economic existence.
With the aggregation of man into
group associations, the development
of the tool and the consequent division of labor within society, his economic activities became separated, so
to speak, into two functions, the one
^_^__^^_^^^_^^^^^^^^^_ function pertaining to the production
lengthy transaction must be entered j of wealth or the carrying on of Indus-
into, the respective parties to which
eye each other with mutual suspicion
and distrust, steeling themselves
against fraud, each afterwards convinced that the other got the best
of it.
And how jealous all vendors are of
each other. The corner grocer dis-
plses the street hawker, the larger
"down-town" stores look on the small
grocer with contempt, while the department store views them all with
lofty disdain. So with those whose
commodities are themselves. The
skilled artisan looks down upon the
unskilled "hand," the "brain-workers"
are superior to the "manual-workers,"
these join in spurning the unemployed
because they cannot sell, and all, with
one accord turn their scorn upon the
prostitute—who sells no more than
any of. them.
But she is "immoral." Because others whose business is larger, have
said so. The "legitimate" real estate
gambler says the curbstone broker is
immoral, the big stock gambler says
the bucket shop is immoral, etc. It is
"moral" under this system to sell. Will
the working class ever make it otherwise? We console ourselves with
English-speaking races are refreshingly versatile, .lust now they are
dividing their time between posing as
the most warlike of peoples, on the
one hand, and as the most peaceful,
on the other. While legislative halls
still tremble from the shock of oratori.
cal collisions over naval and military
budgets; while mighty Dreadnoughts
continue to slide down the ways of
many a shipyard and nations strive to
teach the art of war to their sons, a
movement for the celebration of an
hundred years of peace still finds room
to grow.
Though this movement is designed
to commemorate the amity that has
prevailed between nations of Anglo-
Saxon origin throughout a century, the
aims -of its Instigators extend much
further. Says the Canadian Textile
Journal: "... it is possible to
start the world on a new path whereby good-will and reason may be enthroned In the place of force as the
arbiter of national disputes." Nothing
less than a "Federation of the World,"
wherein brotherhood will take the
place of strife, is the lofty object of
the peacemakers' efforts. But, while
armaments are to be "limited," navies
are still to exist. We read: "In June
last a resolution was adopted by Congress creating a commission of five to
advise upon the limitation of armaments and the turning of the navies
try, w.hile the other function has to
do with the distribution of the product.
As long as the form of ownership was
communal, this latter function could
only consist ln administering the general affairs of all the members of the
community. As soon as slavery was
introduced, however, and society became divided into classes, owner
against non-owner, master against
slave, this administrative function, historically speaking, began to assume
the aspect of a political power, so-
called, whether we use the term to denote the struggle for supremacy between different owning classes, as for
instance the feudal nobility and the
rising capitalist class, or whether we
apply it to the efforts put forward by
master class to hold Its slaves in
subjection, finally expressing itself in
what is now known as the state or
The state, to quote Engels, Is simply "the result of the desire to keep
down class conflicts, but having arisen
amidst these conflicts, It Ib, as a rule
the state of the most powerful economic class that by force of Its economic supremacy, becomes also the
ruling political class and thus acquires
new means of subduing and exploiting the oppressed masses." The
working-class, however, in the final
political struggle with capitalism, the
last form of slavery, will be urged on
to victory, not because of Its economic
supremacy, but rather as a result of
its economic needs, economic necessity being the determinant in both
In the meantime we find that the
simple tool, working through the law
of change, has been transformed Into
the modern, complex wealth-producing
machine, world-wide in Its scope, and
requiring the efforts of the whole working-class to set it in motion, organizing
them Into an industrial army of automatons, reducing their labor to common, unskilled, until we feel Inclined
to remark that the very complexity of
elements characterizing modern means
of production has resulted in a simplicity of structure and effects.
On the other hand, we find that although the producers of wealth,
through their industrial organization
ind the productivity of the tool, together with the bounty of nature, are
enabled to pile up wealth and comforts
of life to a superabundant extent, they
are yet compelled to eke out a miserable existence in the very midst of
the plenty which they themselves create. In other words, although the
workers may be said to be Industrially free, theoreticaly speaking, they are
yet economically enslaved owing to
their non-ownership of the product,
due, again, to their non-ownership of
course left but to rebel against the existing property relations.
Already, the modern powers of production are becoming irreconcilable
with class ownership, as is evidenced
by ever-recurring crises, together with
the steady increase of the unemployed
army and the decline of wages on the
commodity basis of labor-power, signifying the interruption of capitalist
expansion, the only condition of existence of capitalist production.
On the other hand, there has arisen
another potent force, to wit, the Marxian philosophy, which, by assimilation, will not only make the working-
class conscious of their relative position, but will also tend to organize
them, in the intellectual sphere, around
the idea of social ownership, just as
they are organized, on the Industrial
plane, around the social machine of
This intellectual development, however, cannot be conceived of independently of economic development, is necessarily a part of it and goes hand
in hand with that development.
All these forces, which are daily besoming more manifest, will sooner or
later result in an upheaval which will
destroy the existing property relations
and bring about, by the same act, the
next social stage in accord with economic evolution, namely, social ownership  with  all  it implies.
In fulfilling this historic mission,
which evolution has left for the wage-
slave class to accomplish, open war
and violence wlll be avoided, as in the
past, by the degree of preparedness
for war, measured on the basis of
public opinion, dependent, again upon
the number of those who have acquired a similarity of purpose and
In conclusion, therefore, we feel con.
strained to remark that the S. P. of C,
a3 at present constituted, can only
hope, by incessantly blowing the trumpet of class-consciousness, to arouse
the giant labor from his torpor and
lethargy, the result of centuries of
tradition and environment. This
giant, in his exceeding might, has
but to stand up, shake himself once,
and all the vermin of capitalist exploitation will totter to the ground,
never again to recover their parasitic
W. J. U.
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card under this
head. $1.00 per month. .Secretaries
please note.
Socialist Party of Canada. .Meets
every alternate Monday, l>. G-. McKenzie, Secretary, Box IGSij, Vancouver,   B.  C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. -Meets every alternate
Monday. 1). G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1888 Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, socialist Party of Canada. -Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofllce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box til" Calgary,
tlve Committee. Meets first ami third
Tuesdays in the month at 12 l-'2 Adelaide St. Any reader of the Clarion
desiring Information about the movement iu Manitoba, or who wishes to
join the Party please communicate
with the undersigned. W. H. Stebblngs,
Sec, 316 Good St., Winnipeg.
Propaganda and business meetings at
8 p. ln. every Sunday evening iu the
Edison. Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Uevelstoke are invite,i   to  attend.     B.   I1'.   Gayman,   Se-
LOCAL  LADYSMITH   NO.   10,   S.   P.  ot
c.   Business meetings overy Saturday
7 p.m. iu headquarters on  First Ave
.7.   II.   Bin-rough,   Box   31,
B. C.
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P. O.
Box C7-I. Hossland Finnish Branch
meets in Finianders' Hall. Sundays at
7:3U p.m. A. Scbbie, Secy., P. C>. Box
705 Rossland.
tive Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 481, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL   VANCOUVER,   B.  C,  NO.  1.—
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Kdgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. W,
F. Perry, Secretary, Box HISS.
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 151
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Win.
LOCAL  NELSON,   S.  P.   of  C,  MEETS
every Friday evening al s p. m„ ln
.Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. 1. A. Austin, Secy.
LOCAL YMIR, B, C, No. 31, S. P. of C.
—Meets every third Saturday In
month, at 7:30 p. m. !•'. Anderson,
Secretary: W. B. Mclsaae. Treasurer.
Uliatt&ohed Comrades in lite district
are earnestly requested to get In touch
with Secretary, who wilt answer all
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. fn the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postolllce). Club
and Beading Boom. Labor Hall, T,
Maehin, Secretary. Box C4 7, A. Maedonald,  Organizer,   Box   647.
P. of c, meets every rtrst and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall,
J. Ollpllant, Secretary.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     9,
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
LETTISH—Meets every second and
last Sunday In the month. 2 p. m.
10. .1. Weinberg, 40 Ave.. South Hill.
J. Schogart, Secretary, Box 1616,
Vancouver,  B. c.
Headquarters and Beading ltoom,
5-3 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening. 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Grand Theatre, lt.
Thomas, Secretary,
YMIR,  B.  C.
Comrade Slave:—I am able to report having re-organlzed the Ymir
Local 31 S. P. of C. which has been
defunct this good while owing to the
comrades being scattered. We re-organlzed with 13 members after a good
meeting. Com. E. Anderson Is Secy,
and Com. N. B. Mclsaae, Treasurer.
The local decided to put a card in the
Clarion right away. I think lt will do
all right this time. Enclosed you will
find one dollar and the card. I go
out to-morrow to do some propaganda
in the bunk hot .ses.
Yours for the Red,
LOCAL   NANAIMO,  NO.   8,   S.  P.   of   C.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
_Ja0k Place, Bee. Secy., Box S26.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   S.   P.   of   C.   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernie, every Sunday evening al 7:45. Business
meeting tlrst Sunday in eacli month,
same place at 3:30 p. m.
David Puton, Secy., Box 101.
meets every Sunday ln Miners' Union
Hall at 7:30 p. m. Business meetings,
1st and 3rd Sundays of each mouth.
George Heatherton, Organizer; B. J.
Campbell, Secretary, Box 134.
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, 38, S. P. of C,
meets every second and last Friday in
each month. Chas. Chaney, Sec, Box
137  Vernon, B. C.
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday ln
hall In Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. m,   L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
C, meets every Sunday in Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. m. Socialist speakers
are Invited to call. V. Frodsham, Secretary.
LOCAL MARA, B. C, NO. 34, S. P. of C,
Meets first Sunday in every month in
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Bosoman,   Recording  Secretary.	
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. in McGregor
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
P. of C. Hearquarters 622 First St.,
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our Reading Boom Is open lo the pub-
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
F. Blake. 64!) Athabasca Ave., Secretary. Treasurer, T. Bissett, 322 Fourth
St., Organizer.
S. P. of C.—Meets 1st and 3rd Sunday In the month, nt 4 p.m. in
Miners' Tla.ll. Secretary, Chas.
Peacock, Box 19S3.
quarters, Kerr's HaU. 1201-2 Adelaide
Street, opposite Roblln Hotel. Business meeting every Monday evening at
3 p in. Propaganda meeting Sunday
evening S p.m. Everybody welcome.
Secretary, J. W. Hilling. 270 Young
OP C. Business meetings 2nd and
4th Wednesdays in the month, at
the Labor Temple, Church St. Outdoor propaganda meetings, Saturday,
8 p.m., City Hall: Sunday afternoon,
3 p.m., at University and Queen St.:
Sunday night, S p.m.. at Shuter and
Yonge St. Speakers' Class every
Thursday. 8 p.m., at Headquarters,
79 Church St. Secretary, Arthur
Taylor, 201  George St.
LOCAL   COBALT,   No.   9,   8.   P.   of   O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited tn attend.
M.   J.   Gorman,   Box   446,   Financial
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.   8,   8.   P.   of  O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday In
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Robert-
Allan Hall. 78 BIdeau St. The usual
weekly inside propaganda meetings
discontinued during summer months.
J.din Lyon.s Secretary, 43 Centre St.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Macdon-
ald's iiail. Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding Secretary, Glace Bay: Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer. New Aberdeen: H. G. Hoss,
Financial Secretary, office ln D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
Blalrmore, Alta., Sept 12.
Since I was in Manitoba I assisted
the Comrades at about thirty-eight
meetings in Alberta, and two in B.
C, most of them open air; except
for a few, they were large and attentive audiences. The ComradeB sold
considerable literature. I took about
twenty dollars in collections.
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ac.
Anrnno sending a Bitot r-li and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free wbetlior an
Invention Is probably patentable. Communications strictly cotiUtlouttul. HANDBOOK on Patents
sent free. Oldost nponcy forflocurnjf-patenu.
l'Mtonts taken throuali .Munn & Co. receive
special notice, without client0, lu the
Scientific American
A .mndiomely .llnst-rated -weekly. Largest elt-
ciilatlon of any fli'leiniilc Journal. Terma for
('iiimdi, $&75 i* your, 1-ostago -prepaid. Sold by
All newtdualt-'rt.
PNN«Co.f'B-^'New York
Bt-anuh CAPce. 32* f 9*..- ~Yash**wtnn o. 0.
^^^^^ By "Old Bill."
When flrst I reached this Western
shore, I thought my troubles all were
o'er, for I'd been ever told, you see,
that there was opportunity unbounded
in this promised land, so I rejoiced to
tread its strand. A steady job I'd
surely get, and never more have cause
to fret; perhaps at first I'd roam a
bit to find some niche in which to fit;
then I could rake tbe shekles In, and
when I'd saved a bit of tin, I'd start a
cosey little home from which I'd
never wish to roam; some lovely maid
I'd make my wife who'd double all
the charms of life, who'd meet me
when the day was through, and say
"Oh, Will, I'm glad It's you," and
throw herself upon my chest, and for
a blissful moment rest; then she
would say, "Now, come to tea, you
must be hungry as can be," and after
tea upon my knees she'd sit awhile,
and many a squeeze and kiss would
pass between us twain (Ah, me, to
think that dream was vain.) And, yes,
I also dreamt, its true, in due course,
I'd be met by two:—I'd find, (addition  to  her  charms),  My  little  Bill
Western clime, and, with a spirit high
and bold, I chased the rainbow pot
of gold; but though I chased it many
a day, it always was far, far away;
sometimes I seemed to nearer draw;
I'd spend the little gold I'd got in bunting for another spot in which to use
my brawn and brain in making wealth
for others gain.
After a while the vision fled, I.got
some sense within my head, I saw
"things are not what they seem" upon
the surface, so my dream gave way
to stern reality, and, in the end I
came to see the lot of my class was to
work that others might enjoy and
shirk or else, to seek and beg a job
from those who own and rule and
rob. 'Tis years that dream has passed
away, I'm rather bald. I'm growing
gray; often I smoke my pipe and smile
about the dreams I had awhile, and
say "Though life ls pretty thick, there's
always one thing left—to kick." The
kicker fights and never frets, for he
great satisfaction gets in putting up
a lively mill, you'd find it hard to
keep him still, and quite impossible to
lick, for he has simply got to kick,
within Her arms.    Inspired by these  and on the t°P of all the list of kickers
thoughts sublime, I landed    in    this is the Socialist!
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sunday October 2.
Tb'" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box   1688, Vancouver, B. C.
news and as much other comment as j markable change  is  immediately ap-
I left Windsor to go to the "Soo."
Arrived there and put up at an hotel
Grand Central), where I stayed until
my departure.    The place is  a win,
md I received good attention.   I was
attacked with severe illness and was
in bed two days.   I addressed but one
meeting,   but  got  a  good, attendance
nil $2.U0 in collection and literature.
On Sunday  (Sept. 11)  I went to the
ieeting of the Finnish  Local.    I ad-
ressed them and they, to show their
nterest in the Party, gave me a con-
ibution of $5.10 for the Clarion main-
enance fund.    1  got three subs, for
he Clarion.    In Steelton I got eight,
aking  eleven   subs,   in   two   nights,
he  Steelton  boys, composed  mainly
f English boys, have ordered a bun-
Hhe of 50 Clarions every week.   I gave
Jiem some information, and they got
Jibscriptions to start a library.
On Monday  (12th Sept.)  I sent for
".em, and they ctune to my bedroom
„ the hotel, where I held a discussion
[ass, being unable to leave my bed
^^ address an outside meeting.   I im-
■ esscd   them   with  the  necessity  of
ipporting the Party press alone.   On
e previous night I had listened to
e propaganda of the Finns in their
ill.   They started their meeting with
aging the "International," and then
me lady  Comrades read  aloud  es-
ys on Socialism.    Then there was
adlngs of humorous tracts.    After-
ards one or two sketches were play-
by the budding dramatists.    Then
spersal.   The ladies having gone, the
stling mattresses were brought out
d I gave some instruction in catch-
catch-can    style.    Two    Comrades
ien wrestled  together.    They  are  a
uscular lot there.   They are all well
veloped,   both  in  mind   and   body,
hey   appear   to   be   a   revolutionary
)nch.    The Finns in Toronto are a
jrry lot of freaks, but these in the
soo," the  Finnish  Local, are sound,
hey stand by the members of the or-
mlzatlon, who strive for revolution,
any efforts have been made to tam-
r with them, to get them to assist
the  trickery  of  certain   designers
itside the Party, but the Finns are
onest and refuse to be side-tracked
a number  of freakish  reformers.
Jaose who spoke English were an ex-
mely intelligent lot.   The Party has
more staunch Local than that Finish Local at the "Soo."
The English  speaking branch have
alized   the   necessity   to   ban.d    to-
■ther and meet more frequently. The
irary will do them good.   They have
lomlsed to do all in their power to
^ist the  Party in the work neces-
ry.    Their  sincere  manner   shows
that they will do as they say.   I
ust apologize for my short stay, but
omise them that it my efforts are
any use I'll see that their claims
an organizer are dealt with.   The
oo" needs one for some weeks.   The
llishly slavish conditions prevailing
(ere must make for a strong organlza.
n.   I want to thank Comrades Wa-
s, Savage, Stringer and Wyman for
Blr attention, also (though he is not
ocialist) Mr. Scott Misner, the pro-
,etor of the Grand Central, for his
ertions in my favor whilst I was ill
Lnside the ranks of the Socialist
f.rty there seems to be a lot of bick-
Jng whether a Socialist should at-
|pk the upholders of Christianity who
preaching a doctrine of superstl-
jjn and fear, or whether lt Is best to
five them alone and deal with the
f|ior problem only. Some Comrades
that by attacking preachers we
: more harm than good, and are un-
iicessarlly making the fight harder
an ever, as the dope planted into
e brains of the workers is hard to
ock out.
Now, the Socialists proclaim that
hope of the working class lies In
emselves  alone if they want free-
!im from class rule.   *Qn the other
ind, the ministers preach a doctrine
contentment to the working class,
SUing them that life ls short, and to
kffer on in this life and that Christ
lone is coming to save them, and
(yerythlng will then he alright. Those
Iho do not accept our propaganda are
pinst us, hence, we must fight them,
{.■cause they are upholders of capital-
Do the priests and ministers
111 the workers to organize on the
Idltical field with the Socialist Par-
Not on your life. Suffer on is
leir cry, until the meek and lowly
lisus comes to save you, tod if He
ere here tomorrow, chances are they
lould advocate hanging him as a nui-
Ince to the ruling class.
[We Socialists preach a material doc-
line, dealing with a material world
|id refusing to accept anything which
its not a material basis. We deal
::lth the bread and butter question as
jie determining factor of how society
lives, taking the position that the poverty of the working class can alone
be altered by the workers themselves
working in harmony with economic
laws to Inaugurate a new social sys-1
tern; and the ministers are preaching
a doctrine ot mysticism, depending
upon faith In Christ to save us. We
must necessarily attack them, for they
are preaching, a pernicious doctrine,
and at the same time are making a
fat living out of it. I wonder if these
men had to dig a drain these hot days
or lie on. their back hewing coal, whether they would be satisfied to hear a
meek and mild doctrine of contentment preached? I guess not. Comrades, in my humble opinion Superstition—for that is all religion is today
that is taught—is the greatest bulwark of capitalism. It is the chief
weapon of the master class and their
hireling's in this day and age of discontentment amongst the workers, to
pacify them. We can't dodge the fact
and that being so, we being materialists depending upon ourselves changing society, and the preachers teaching mysticism, depending on Christ
saving us, then we are enemies, and
as such we must flay them. A Socialist attacking preachers is not liked,
but nevertheless it has to be done and
some of us are going to do it. Superstition and fear has had a long innings, but the signs of the times, the
discontentment of the workers and the
ever increasing enlightment of tbe
workers point that their innings is
drawing to a close.
So let us materialists keep on
preaching our gospel of salvation, a
gospel of hope and truth, to the overburdened, poverty-stricken and demoralized workers; a gospel that does
not promise the workers a starry
crown and the saving of their "soul,"
but a gospel that will release the only
useful class, the working class, from
brutal master class; a gospel which
will transform slaves into men, women and children; that will turn parasites or hoboes, if you wish to call the
master class that, for they are hoboes,
into useful and productive workers;
that will change the only hell we know
of Into paradise, I. e., the hell on earth.
The world Is alright as regards raw
materials, they are here in abundance, machinery is here, labor power
is here in abundance. It is up to the
workers to own collectively the means
of production they operate collectively
and by so doing do away with masters
and their strongest and greatest bulwark—the preachers—who make merchandise of the people. Speed the
time  will   permit.    Cut  out  the   rot
and resolutions of busybody gossips.
2349  St.  Catherines street, Vancouver, D. C.
Editor Clarion,—
Upon returning from the Fort William-Port Arthur convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada a few days ago, my attention was
called to a resolution, passed in sol- [
emn conclave, by thirteen rip-roaring
snorting, rooting-tooting r-r-revolution-
ary Socialists at Toronto, and given
publicity in The Clarion.
The resolution Is based upon excellent authority; none less than the
Toronto Globe. It is framed by great
men and minds, over two thousand
miles from where the evidence was
secured. It sounds fine and makes a
good story, in the absence of any real
local work to accomplish. It's great
dope! There's only one little detail
lacking. And that is its absolute untruthfulness. A mere detail, to be
sure, but nearly always essential to
make out such cases.
It's about time, however, for Mac
to insist that less character assassination be indulged in by bunches of philosophising rag-chewers, tn the columns of The Clarion. It's just possible that the members of Local Vancouver can look after their own business. It seems impossible for others
to do so. To be charged, tried and
convicted on evidence adduced in the
daily press, without consulting the accused, his Local, or anybody else in a
position to give the facts, is to be expected in some quarters. It should be
cut out in the official organ of a part
of the great international working
class movement.
Permit me, Mac, to make an irrelevant closing observation: During my
wanderlusts east I have found out
many things concerning the exactness
of the "uncompromising hostility" of
Socialists in British Columbia, which
I swear few of us here fully appreciate. To listen to the extolations of
"in B. C. it's this way," etc., one can't
help but feel, as having climbed to
some lofty pinnacle upon which all
others east of the Rockies must fall
down and worship. Perhaps we Socialists In B. C. are divine, but, after
all, there's something of the usual human kind about us.
Give us more editorial, Mac; less
tiresome  wind-fanning;     more   Party
Tbe famous Father Vaughan has
been lecturing in the 'Peg during tbe
past week, and last night I went to
hear him. What tliere is about him
lo bave gained such world-wide celebrity, I do not know. To be sure he
an eloquent speaker. That is to
|say he can dress up a commonplace
idea in beautiful and imposing language; he can talk platitude epigram-
matically. But that is all, at least to
my way of thinking.
His theme last night was Patriotism, "the glory of our Empire, the
majesty of our Christian civilization.'
He had been billed to lecture on the
"Sins of Society." (Had this not been
the case, doubtless my presence would
not have graced that august assembly.
The proletarian mind is very debased). But he did not even mention
the sins of society. To the respecta
bles this was a grevious thing. Instead, he occupied a space of time
to the extent of about an hour and
a half, in mouthing some of the silliest
guff, in some of the grandest English, it has ever been my misfortune
(and  pjeasure)   to hear.
Premier Roblin preceded him as
chairman, they are a mated team.
Roblin revealed, in meaningless and
extravagant oratory, a very limited
intellect, and an almost total lack
of ideas. To me, one of the exploited,
this was depressing, humiliating. It
knocked a lot of the conceit out of me
to reflect that it was just such mental nincompoops as Roblin who were
robbing me and my class to a'finish
every day of our lives; who found it
the easiest thing in the world to keep
us quiet by slobbering a mass of patriotic twaddle at us across the footlights of a lecture platform; and who,
expected to be able to rely with perfect safety upon such methods for an
indefinite period to come. This, O
Shade of Antony, was the most un-
kindest cut of all.
Whenever Roblln talks at a public
meeting, he admonishes his hearers,
with great fervency a to "keep the British flag flying at the masthead." In-
leed this, with variations, is all he
ever says. Last night he had & good
second in Vaughan. The Reverend
Father started off glorifying the "Empire" in a major key. Rome, he said,
had a wonderful civilization, so had
Greece, Egypt, Carthage, Assyria. But
the tallow dip had faded not more
completely into obscurity when
brought into the rays of the sun at
noonday, than did these ancient empires when placed into juxtaposition
with the glory anil the majesty of
the British Empire, fairest child of
the twentieth century, grandest testimony to the power of the Christian
Religion. It was a sickly mess, but
Ihe audience seemed to like it. Perhaps they thought they were it.
Let it be said to the credit of the
crowd, however, that they did not appear to be influenced by the Reverend uentleman's oratory to any very
pronounced degree. His words didn't
seem to strike home. Father Vaughan had a lot to say about duty.
I imagine he conceives it to be his
duty to defend at all times the privileges of the present ruling class. I
trust I do him no wrong; yet that was
Ihe way It looked to me. But as an
apologist for the present system, he
is hardly a brilliant success. Despite his excellent mastery of the language, despite his quite unusual skill
In uttering platitude In the guise of
new anil vital discovery, he lacks the
power to covlnce. Ills rhetorical outbursts fall very Hat. His voice is melodious, and possesses great carrying
power, but it vibrates with a hollow
ring, whenever he speaks of anything
but his beloved church. Then, and
then only, Is he more than half in
earnest. It is a peculiar fact that the
most effective lackeys ot capital are,
In general, quite sincere in their belief in the justice and essential righteousness of things as they are. These
are to be watched.
But when Father Vaughan tries to
convince his hearers that the Impartiality of British Justice, the ideal
equality of British Institutions, and
the universal benevolence of British
Government are not now, and have
never been before, surpassed on the
face of the earth, he subjectively realizes the colossal magnitude of the lie,
and it sticks ln his throat. He has
seen a lot, is now growing old, is a
catholic, and therefore superstitious,
and knows not when he may be called upon to answer the charge of knowingly deceiving the ignorant and foolish workingman, and of adding insult
to injury, by charging said working
man fifty cents to be thus hoodwinked.
For this reason he quails—you can
hear it in his voice—and mutters to
himself, "the pay is good, but what
I have sold is dear at any price." I
give him the benefit of this doubt because he is a catholic, and, therefore
But when he turns his attention to
his mistress, the  church,  a very re-
parent. Now his voice takes on a triumphant note, for here he is on
ground that he knows; here he need
not lie. (I am quite satisfied in- my
own mind that it makes a difference,
and to hell with all such misinterpretations of the materialistic conception of history as would have us believe otherwise). Now the flowers of
ihetoric become less gaudy, but gain
In attractiveness. Now the old dogmatic spirit of the early Church
shines forth in his face. The change
is complete, and considered with reference to its effect, all for the better.
"A Roman Catholic" he roars, "who
does not believe his church to be the
one cnurch, the only church, is a rotter." That is much better, if only
from the standpoint of purity of diction, than "In. the British Empire the
conditions of our common law, and
the manner of its interpretation and
administration, secure to each and
every subject, to the meanest as well
as to the most wealthy and exalted,
the fullest freedom to exercise those
rights and privileges that are the inalienable prerogative of every soul residing beneath the British flag." He's
a queer duck.
The Capitalist class seem to be
banging this patriotic note for all Its
worth. I gather they are beginning
to smell revolution.
The roads suggested by the Liberals
and Conservatives have all been tried
and proved to be blind alleys. "A
White Canada," "More Railways,"
"Free Trade" or "Protection" have
been tried and found wanting.
So-called "Independent" political
candidates have proved a farce, and
after trying nea.'ly every possible
wrong road, the workers are now getting closer to the right one—the one
that will lead to the overthrow of "the
bard working capitalists" to whom the
worker is indebted for his job and all
the misery, degradation and dishonor
that arises from the present system of
wage slavery. —Wage-Earner
jfcere and 9fow
By Spes.
"The Canadian Manufacturers' Association is one of the great institutions
of Canada. It represents the concentrated, organized thought of industrial
Canada. Some trades unions imagine
they represent the thought of industrial Canada, but they don't; at any
rate, not in British Columbia. The
Canadian Manufacturers' Association
has made a study of politics in its own
interests. Trades unions in British
Columbia have delegated their political thinking to the Socialists who as
a factor in politics are and always will
be an impossibility. The Socialists
view the game of politics in precisely
the same light as the members of the
C. M. A„ the selfish standpoint, and
their political interests are at variance with those of the trade unions.
"Socialism teaches the trades unionist that his employer is a robber and
that the worker is robbed. It tells
the trades unionist he is a wage slave
and that the capitalist is a greedy
monster. Socialism tells the worker
that all the products of his hands belong to him and Socialism implies that
capitalists and employers are not workers and that only the employee is a
worker and ergo the employer or capitalist is not entitled to any of the
products of labor. It is useless to try
to convince a Socialist that his employ,
er may be the hardest worked man in
the shop and that, if it were not for his
labors there would be mighty little
chance for the "workers" to get a job.
It would be equally useless to argue
with a Socialist that the means of
making a living must be created by
some brain and wrought into being by
either the hands of the man who conceived the means or of others under
his direction. In short, Socialism fails
to recognize that the vast proportion
of capitalists and employers are workers, workers who as a rule work a
great deal harder than the average
Socialist of my acquaintance."—Bruce,
in the "Saturday Sunset.
*    *    *
When Bruce says, "it is useless to
try to convince a Socialist that his employer may be the hardest worked
man in the shop," and that if It were
not for his labors there would be
mighty little chance for the "workers
to get a job," he might have safely
included 90 per cent, of the unionists
for whose welfare he is so sollcitious.
The old gag about the hard working
capitalist is about as true as lhat of
the kindly parent who tells his children that it hurts more to punish than
to be punished.
As the "honest sons of toil" bang
around the employment offices waiting
for the privilege of paying one to three
dollars for a job, or in the Wonder
Coffee Palace munching the time-honored "sinkers," their souls go out In
sympathy for the "hard working capitalist" who is passing sleepless nights
in an effort to find out the easiest
method of doing good tor the workers,
or for doing the workers, good.
The workers build railways and
automobiles and walk, build palaces
and live in hovels, make line raiment
ami wear rags and are told by such
men as Bruce that "if it were not for
tho labors of the shareholders of the
C. P. R., B. C. Telephone Co. and all
other profit-seeking corporations, ,"the
workers would not have a job."
It is a difficult task and dally becoming more so, to convince Socialists,
trade unionists or workers unattached
to any ism, that the capitalist performs any useful function in human
society. The majority of the workers
realize that they are being robbed—a
very considerable number understand
where and how the operation Is performed, and every effort is being put
forth to educate tbe balance to a proper realization of their position in
human society—and the way out.
Someone lias said that progress is
made by trying all possible wrong
roads before taking the one right road.
(From the Fernie Ledger.)
Ukrainian Socialists held their flrst
annual convention in Edmonton on
August 22-27 with 26 official delegates from various locals of the western provinces and considerable routine
work was done. The main purpose
of this convention was to decide regarding the future policy to be pursued as to continuance or not with
the S. P. of C. The question of withdrawing had been agitated by their
organ, Robotchyj Narod, of which Mr.
Stechishin is the editor. The Ukrainian element, which for the past two
years was organized and affiliated
with the S. P. of C. had taken very
active participation in the movement
and recently when they had succeeded in establishing their own paper
with the editorship in the hands of
Mr. Stecheshin in Winnipeg the movement was well uhder^ way as a
straight Socialist revolutionary, but
when recent'y a misunderstanding
arose within their own ranks and a
few of the leaders were discontented
with the way affairs were conducted
in the English local they began an
aggressive agitation against the S. P.
of C. as a whole and the Robutchyj
Narod commenced a campaign also.
Many of the Ukrainian socialists are
not all sufficiently well versed in the
English language to be able to follow the real features of the controversy from the viewpoint of the Western Clarion, naturally took the opinions of the Robutchyj Narod as their
guide and at the recent convention
the majority voted according to the
suggestion of the paper except J. W.
Semeniuk, Harry Topllncky and
Thomas Tomashovsky and the result
was severance from the S. P. of C.
and to form a new party styled the
Social Democratic Party of Canada.
Whether or not their efforts will
succeed Is at present an open- question, but it is to be hoped that the
result of the experiment will prove
to them conclusively the lesson that
has already been that of others, not
to allow the personal strife of individuals to permit them to forsake the
scientific, and revolutionary stand of
the S. P. of C. Put not your trust in
"leaders" but let your guide be always the straight and clear cut philosophy of Socialism.
•land of
ere for-
./* solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Kngineen, nnd others who ren iizc the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
byl'xDeits. Preliminaryndvice free. Charges
modetati-. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marlon, New York l,ife Pulg,
Montreal:   - n-1 Washington, D.C, U.S.A.
By "Old Bill."
"Oh! come away to Canady
the stalwart and the free,' w
tunes wait the men of toil, especially
those on the soil; this is Ihe best
land 'neath the sun, there's work and
wealth for every one; there's room for
countless millions more; oh, haste to
the Canadian shore."
Such ls the siren song that's sung
by many a smooth and lying tongue;
it's sung by those who shlilt, ye: fea&t;
it's sung by those whose palms are
greased. The editor wtthln his den
must daily prostitute ht'i pen; advertisements are his great need—they're
Ills reward for lying (Screed. The po-
litlc'an's brazen throat must help to
swell the lying note; priests of the
capitalist Baal, responding with a
snip."", "All hail!" get their reward (nnd
slyly smirk) in big donations to the
Knit; the more convnii in-; is the liar
the (.rooter Is his dirty biro. The object pi.'.inly Is to swell the bust who've
labour power to sell, that labour power
ni'v be enhenped and greater profits
may be reaped. Near drowned by eulogistic shriek, we seem to hear a
feeble squeak. Ah! 'tis the "Labour"
men's protest, that it is weak must
b» confessed. They say, "The Labour
market's full, don't leave the land of
Johnny Bull."
That's why they trottetl Trotter o'er,
to warn, to urge, to beg, Implore, Old
Country workers not to stray from
their (?) dear homeland far away.
'Twas ihus he argued in effect: "By
emigrating don't expect for Bure a
job by you'll be found, for even now
there they don't go round." But, oh,
it must be said, though sad, 'twas very
poor success he had. Many have said
since then, "Oh, well, if there is purgatory, here Is hell; we've borne the
fire as long's we can, and now we'll
try the frying pan."
Well, come and get your fingers
burnt, you'll learn what we've already
learnt—that here us there you'll have
to sweat, that just a living you may get;
and you will learn, In order quick, at
least tho soup's a bit more thick. In
summer's heat you  have  to fry,  for
Comrade Baritz has recently been
Indulging in a little controversary with
the Rev. -.r. Chown, through the columns of the Toronto Globe, on the
question of Christianity and Socialism.
The Rev. Chown is a parson who,
when he is not exposing the "fallacies"
of Socialism, wastes his time giving
advice. Very Interesting is the
attitude of the Globe ln the matter.
To see one of the greatest organs ot
the Liberal Party in Canada concerning itself lest the Socialis t Party
should injure Itself by opposing
Christianity is rather quaint, to say
the least.
"The Globe can hardly believe that
the organizer of the Socialist Party
of Canada speaks with any authority
on this matter. If he does, and the
Socialist Party is avowedly anti-
Christian, there is need for vigorous
action on t.,e part of the churches in
the direction of combatting its progress." 'Tis a consummation devoutly to be wished. But the Globe's advice is likely to prove very unwelcome,
as methinks the churches have discovered what a great many others
realize, i.e., that the greatest injury
they can do Socialism is being friendly
to it. Social reformers, whose business is to fatten on the misfortunes of
Capital's victims, would like to take
credit for the painstaking efforts of
the great accumulators of facts, and
the analytical minds who are behind
the Socialist movement; much as the
"mental scientist" steals the phrases
of the real scientists and affects to
despise all material science.
The Globe says further: "Many of
the leaders of the Socialist movement
are Christians in the best sense of the
word. Keir Hardie, M.P., says that
he first learned his Socialism In the
New Testament, where he still finds
his chief Inspiration." Exactly, Kelr
always impressed me as having studied his Socialism In a kindergarten
Sunday school. Hurdle's Christianity
is an attempt to stand in with the
upper" classes, his "Socialism" simply springs from a realization that the
working class of Britain ls studying
the subject—and that's where he gets
his votes. '
What is Christianity anyhow? After
two thousand years, nobody is an authority; each of a thousand wrangling
sects claims all the rest to be "unchristian." The organization of the
working class Is the only excuse we,
the Socialist Party, have for our existence and the less we have to do with
purveyors of the supernatural, or "Socialists" whose "inspiration" is drawn
from the dust of departed deities, the
*   *   *
Sub-hustlers for week: —
Moses   Baritz :  16
Lome Wilkie, Windsor  13
Unpatriotic   Irishman  6
Com.  Cobb, Lacombe, Alta  3
E. A. Drury, Toronto, bundle  2
Local Brantford, Ont  20
H. T. Bastable, Brandon, Man  2
Com. Jackson, J. Franklin, A. C.
Webb, Vancouver; J. Harrington, Fernie, B. C.j Frank Evangelist, Montreal;
F. Hyatt, St. John, N. B.; J. W. Dargle,
Medicine Hat, Alta; W. McQuoid, Edmonton, Alta.; W. Weldon, South Hill,
B, C.J A. S. Julian, New Michel, D. O.Parker Williams, Ladysmlth, B. C;
S. Duffy, Robt. Taylor, Kamloops,
B. C.
then the temperature Is high; when
winter spreads Its snowy scenes, you'll
know what zero weather means; you'll
also learn what 'tis, by Heck! to wade
in snow near to your neck a Job to
either hold or get, you've something
left to learn, you bet. Well, come
along, we'll welcomo you, you'll find
what hero is said Is true; you'll also
find we've more to tell, for we have
learnt this lesson well: —
The workers' hope Is not In flight.
The Workers as a class must FIGHT!
In Los Angeles the operation of the
new cily ordinance prohibiting street
speaking Is being watched with keen
Interest. A Salvation Army captain
was arrested, but Immediately released. The labor people are testing
the ordinance, which was passed to
prevent union pickets from urging
strike-breakers to quit their unholy
calling and make union and Socialist,
mass meetings impossible. Attorneys
Job Harrlman and Fred Spring, who
are fighting labor's case In the courts,
announce that the workers will never
The above by F. Blake was published In the Clarion some time ago, and
will Rhortly be Issued In leaflet form.
Price $2.00 per thousand, post paid to
any part of the world.   Order now.
Pamphlets Now Ready
Proletarian i» Polilirs   The Slave of
The Farm
Price 5c each
25c per do/en lour
Although the two-legged mule is the
most intelligent beast on the face of
this earth industrially, yet politically
he is absolutely the most ignorant, for
even the four-legged animals know enough to pull together for their own
good. You go where there is a field of
pigs and grab hold of one and see
how soon the others make you leave
go. Take any other animals and they
pull together for their own good, but
the wage mules, as a class, are far
too ignorant in this respecl.
However, they are beginning to get
the rudiments of political education,
some of them see that the sole object
of the law and the church is to keep
the working plugs in subjection to the
master class. A charitably disposed
lady of the "upper class" once told
me that if it were not for the "Christianizing effect" of the bible upon the
"lower classes" the rich would not be
able to sleep in their beds for fear of
being rajbbe.d or murdered \by the
"lower classes." So you see they
reckon that Christianity enables them
to hang on to the wealth they have
stolen from the workers even more
than the law, which they themselves
have had made in their own interests,
does. But whilst a great number of
the workers begin to see the point regarding the law protecting the capitalist thieves they fail to see that the
church even goes further than the law
to protect the rich-labor-skinners on
the one hand and tame down the
workers on the other. Reverence for
those who are placed in authority over
the workers on the one hand, and
Blessed are the meek on the other
hand.    Workers get next and cut it
Blessed are the meek for they shall
be skinned.
Industrial wisdom and political ignorance is the "education" the workers have hitherto got and of course
the rich consider it is all they need,
as it enables them to work intelligently? for their masters.
The (laboring) fly says: "Of course
we are against the (capitalist) spider
because he lives upon us, but we have
no kick against his web" uhe church).
Wise-guys-of-flies! They allow themselves to get tangled up in his web
and then wonder why he is so cruel,
and where he gets all his power from:
And he eats them while they are wondering!
If suggestions are in order I might
suggest that the "immediate demand"
Socialists, Bhould establish in their
districts slot machines filled with capitalist hand-outs, marked "sold under
cost price 5c," and comprising every
variety that they could possibly have
an immediate demand for, so that
when any one of them feels the sudden impulse of the demand coming
over him he can rush to one of these
slot machines and satisfy his demand
(or the price of a nickel. Of course
these machines should not be painted that horrid red—that revolutionary
color that reminds them of such awful
possibilities, but rather, a mild green,
that modest unostentatious color so
common in nature, the color mules delight in.
How long do you think the trusts
would last if the workers all became
wise at the same time, and ceased to
produce profits for the master class?
Why they would be busted Tn jig time.
Gold and paper would be poor food
and Morgans, Guggenheims, Rockefellers et all of their class would be
like the man in Klondyke who wus
found starved to death with ijiOO.OOO
on his person. But, Oh! What a
glorious tombstone a few millions of
dollars of gold would make if they
were all built up and piled around
their  late owners' grave!
RemeiuJier the widow's mite. It was
all she had—but He toc*k il. No doubt
lie lavishly bestowed upon her his
spiritual blessings but why did he
take her material money us pay for
spiritual blessings, was not that rather inconsiderate of him. We should
pay material money for material comforts, and we should devise some way
of paying spiritual money for spiritual blessings. Try it, all you workers and you wlll not long be troubled
with preachers. They are all after
your material mites in exchange for
their humbugging superstitious teachings, so that they get your mites that
might help to fill your own bellies,
and they fill theirs by your mites and
the stolen wealth that the rich take
from you ami give them. Naturally
enough they strive to benefit materially the rich or they would not get
material help from the rich, so they
tell you to be meek. Blessed are the
meek, learn to respect those whom
God in his Infinite wisdom has placed
in authority over you, if they smite
you on one side of your face, turn
the other to them and ask them to
repeat the Compliment. No—next
time you can get some cheap paper
and envelopes write them out a few
spiritual Cheques for large sums of
spiritual money, payable in the hereafter. If their rich, thieving, supporters were out of the church you would
see how long these people would be
in that sort of business "because they
had a divine call to lt." They work
you  for your mites while    you    are
ers, and all new methods introduced
to facilitate or cheapen the working
of the capitalist system, is hailed as
Exchange—is   claimed   as   a   Labour
measure, forced by the fact that Lab-
Mr.  A.   Chamberlain,
down to starvation point or subsist- their decoys as a benefit to the work-
ence point, and thus help to rob you
at the point of production; for you
produce your living and the smaller
that living is the more you\are robbed of your production. You** living
is your wage or the equivalent of the
one-fifth of your daily production,
which you ate allowed to retain to
live on. Theyalso work you mentally
and morally till you are changed from
a normal being into a drivelling sucker afraid of this, and superstitious of
that, and with a great reverence for
authority you begin to imagine your
boss was put over you by "divine wisdom." Whereas he was put there by
a brutal class of robbing, thieving,
murderous capitalists, who, although
cannibals at heart, yet in reality they
have to live up to a sort of law they
have made for fear you might eat
them, so they eat you by degrees.
They enslave you so that all your
time day and night is not for your JP'10:
benefit, but for theirs. They eat your Then
life's energy and they do this for Iis
seven days a week, for although It
looks as if you got the one day in
seven, or rather as if the Lord got
it, the capitalists really cheat the Lord
out of it, as scientists declare that
apart from any religious aspect, one
day's rest and recuperation in each
seven is absolutely necessary. Does
this not point out clearly to you that
the Capitalists take seven days'
energy out of you in six days, otherwise you would be fresh and gay on
seventh day would you not? Your
boss was put over you to bully this
seven days' energy out of you in six
days. The seven nights a week are
for the same purpose as the seventh
day, for rest and recuperation, what
it very hard for Liberals to try and
advocate the status quo. Many of the
leaders are anxious to maintain the ex.
isting pos.tion, but if the I.L.P. and the
a boon and a blessing by these "Lab- Socialists in the borough are deter-
our Statesmen." Old Age Pensions, mIned t0 force the fight all round, they
Trade Dispu es Acts, Compensation wlll flnd out that the seat of Ml. Keir
Acts, even Liberal finance bills and Hardie is by no means safe."
"Socialistic" Budgets—all necessary to I Unfortunately the fall of the Labour
the continuation of the wages system- |leader will not accoiuplish much. The
are claimed as being beneficial to the :wo,-i(jng class themselves have to grip
workers. The latest (with the excep-|tne essentials of the class struggle,
tion of the "Veto," which is, we ure and a]S0 i0.realize that it is upon them-
told, of first importance)—the Labour selves thal tney mUBt reIy aml not on
The Labour leaders themselves are
our  is  represented  in  the  House  of beginning to realize the insecurity of
their position and are resorting to all
chairman ofjBorts ot Bhlfts and d0(iges to gain
Kynoch, Ld., states that his firm has 8UpI)0I.t from all shades of opinion. A
decided to employ all their men
through the Exchange, and gives the
following interesting reasons to a representative of the "Dally Chronicle;'
think it (the Labor Exchange)
good   for  the   employers   because
for? Why to do'more slaving for
your master's benefit the next day, so
you see your work is for him and
your rest is for his benefit also, and
not yours. You simply live from day
to day that you may be able to give
your daily life up to your masters.
This is what I call a chronic form of
cannibalism in the master class and
religion puts you in the mental condition whereby they can handle you in
this  manner.
Comrade Baritz seems to be made
of the right stuff. He will undoubtedly set the would-be-but-did-not-under-
sand comrades thinking along the
right lines. And that is all we want.
If these comrades are honest to themselves and will study along correct
lines, we can be assured that the outcome will be alright. Once honest
people see the light correctly they
never lose sight of it. Persecution,
blacklisting or starvation rightout
cannot deter them from the straight
path and they fear no boss of any
kind as they have nothing to conceal
from anybody when once they become honest to themselves and study
the pure scientific, revolutionary doctrine of the Socialist Party of Canada.
dozen of the Labour M.P.'s, we* are
told, have joined the "Fellowship of
Followers" and have signed the following declaration:
"Jesus said 'If any man would come
after me, let him deny himself and
take up his cross and follow me.'
Meaning so to follow Him I wish to
their requirements will get to be known
at  the  Labour  Exchange
Labour  Exchange  will  do
amount of sifting for us.
It does not follow that we shall engage every parson .that they send to
us, but at least they w-1 only send gnowlen and~'Hend7rso°n,"at the Brown
aifft    the ^3 enrolled in the Fellowship of Follow-
a  certain ers»
A "religious appeal to South London
workers" has been run by some Labour members, including Hardie, Crooks,
The most astounding feature of the
political ignorance of the workers is
undoubtedly the fact that, while admitting the capitalist to be an enemy
on the economic field, they will shout
themselves hoarse for him on the political field.
The organization of the workers into trade unions shows that a large
section recognize that the exploiter
is to be fought, even though lt is
true that the average trade unionist
joins the union to obtain sick and unemployed benefits, etc. Enquiry shows
that of the vast sum spent by the unions, the greater part is expended, not
in fighting the masters, but on the
above  mentioned  benefits.
However, trade unions, in so far as
some struggling is made to prevent !
the depreciation of wages and the
standard of living, are what our friend
the reformer would call "a step in
the right direction."
That the trade unionist does not
interest himself In the political struggle Is obvious. Mr. 11. Barnes, writing in the "Daily News" recently, was
compelled to admit that the vast majority of the A.S.E. did not vote at all
on the question of joining the Labor
Group, and that consequently the
money of thai union is being paid into the Labor Party funds on a majority vote of a very small section of
the union.
The reason for this seeming apathy
is not difficult to flnd. The false idea
of men, supported by the action of
their leaders, that an increase of
trade while benefiting /employers,
means better conditions for employees, couplet! with the trade or sec-
tiopal organization-, retards the recognition of their class interest as opposed lo the interest of the masters
as a class.
The cupltalisls are aware of this antagonism, and are not likely to arouse
the suspicion of the workers. They
do not forget on which side their Interests He, and they are prepared lo
use all the forces nt their disposal
lo gull and browbeat the workers.
Therefore they support the "Identity
of interest" fraud, and bribe with jobs
trade union leaders to propagate the
Every reform Introduced by the
capitalists  Is  boosted   by   them   and
those that" are suitable. Working
through the Exchange gives us practically the whole of England to supply
our wants, because the Exchange
under such circumstances wlll, if they
are locally unable to supply our wants,
make them known everywhere."
Just so. The Labour Exchange will
tabulate the qualities of the labour
power on the market and will enable
the buyer to pick the best of the supply, that is, those workers who can
produce the greatest amount of surplus value.
Wherein will it benefit the workers?
Labour "spokesmen" themselves are
forced to admit that the establishment of the Exchanges will not flnd
extra employment. Instead, it will
simply enable the exploiting class to
exploit under more favourable conditions, and consequently to wring
more wealth from the exploited, which
of course means more unemployed
and lower wages.
But the Labour M.P. must, to keep
his job, remain in the good graces of
his masters, the Liberal Party (who
help him to get votes) and yet retain
the goodwill of the trade unionists, who
supply the cash. Hence he must hide
the class struggle, must beguile the
workers with the "Identity of Interest"
bosh.   x.
The labour leader at present is in a
bit of a fix. He has to pretend to be
serving the interests of two opposing
classes, the robber and the robbed.
Further to increase the difficulties, the
robbed section is divided into two distinct parts. So he must appear to have
at heart the interests of the pseudo-
Socialist and the anti-Socialist sections pf the working class. That the
trade unionist is not bursting for
labour representation Is clearly shown
by the political apathy of the unionists
in general, but the unions supply the
funds and lend color to the claim of
the leaders that they are labour representatives. So the trade unionists
must  be  gulled
ing Hall, Walworth Road. J. K.
Hardie is reported to have said that
-Socialists recognize that in nature
there is a power unseen but felt and
a something beyond the grave."' The
old game of spoof and bunkum.
"Make sure of the front seat In heaven
and leave the rest to—us." Crooks
plays another tune—called for by the
capitalist class,, and appeals to the
audience with the following jingo-
patriotism (we quote the "Morning
Leader," 7.5.'10):
"Speaking last night at the Browning settlement, Walworth, where a
labour week Is being held, Mr. W.
Crooks suggested that the large audience should rise and sing the National
Anthem. The audience at once responded and sang the National Anthem
with great earnestness. Proceeding,
Mr. Crooks said "I am one of those
men who perhaps know more intimately than the majority of my people
something about the king. I feel, and
I know from the bottom of my heart,
he is the greatest statesman the world
possesses at this moment (applause).
The peace of the wbrld ln his hands
is perfectly sure. T have seen, I have
witnessed, I have asked others to bear
witness to the fact, that in these days
of courtiers, when everybody who is
anybody says 'Stand back for the
King,' he has always been ready to
say 'Stand aside and let the people
see.' One instance of this that I
witnessed; A great gentleman was
introduced to the King; he walked
up in a way that I am told people are
trained to do (laughter). They say
It is a gift (laughter). You can't do
it (laughter). The next man was a
mechanic, but he did not know how
to approach the King. The King, immediately he saw his embarassment,
rushed out to shake hands with him
(cheers). He always makes tbe poor
man feel as comfortable as possible.
He is above Tory, above Liberal, above
Socialist. He is in fact, the father
of us all, who smiles at us and loves
to see us fighting in our way. We cannot have the King in any controversy.
We like to feel that be is above all
to look up to him."
How sweet! How touching! It reminds one of Ihe statement of R. J.,
that "the flrst thing a Socialist Government will do will be to raise the salary
of the King."
Another batch of them are junketing in Germany in the interest., ol
Free Trade, looking for evidence of
fairly the German worker eking out a miserable  existence on  black    bread    and
The quasi-Socialist
section supply the energy and enthusiasm at elections, hence they also must
be hoodwinked. The Liberals (the
rank and file, at any rate) are beginning to kick. Their votes are being
claimed as Socialist votes by the
Labour M.P.'s, who, to continue the
gulling process, shout revolution- to
the dissatisfied j.L. Peers. Between
the Liberals the trade unions and the
I.L.P. the Labour M.P. seems likely to
come a cropper.
The following from the "Daily News"
(May   Gth)   puts   the   position
The political position in a number 'deceased cab-horse, in order lo refute
of constituencies In South Wales Is jthe lying statements of the wicked
considered grave, especially in the j Tariff reformer, who pictures the
| Merthyr Boroughs, One of the leaders j worker of Germany as revelling in
of the Liberal Party ln Ihe borough luxury and affluence-, Add to this Ihe
declared Hint the Labour Parly and blatant twaddle of Blatchford and the
not the Liberals were responsible for illyndmanlncal naval scare, and you
the trouble. j have   evidence   of   the   "educational''
"In Merthyr," he said, "we decided, 'value of, and the knowledge disseml-
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist Ib therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be#used to protect and
defend their property  rlghtB In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free frem capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tho wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possessloa of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This Is the claBs struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working claBS, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist prop- ,
erty in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit. »
The Socialist Party when in offlce shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will ibis legislation advance the Interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Spcialist Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed -in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
Books of all Kinds
Paine's Age of Reason 25c
Six Ingersoll Lectures  ISc
"The Descent of Man" Darwin
The Origin of Species, Darwin 25c
Voltaire's Famous Romances
"Nana" by Zola  75c
Merry Tales of the Monks 75c
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
NOTICE is hereby given that I,
Alfred "WynEnert, Gibson Landing, 11. C,
Rancher, intend to apply to the Commissioner, under l'art V. of the "Water
Act, lllOU," for licence to divert one-
quarter cubic foot of water from St.
Vanes Creek, at the back of D. L. 1657,
New Westminster District, for domestic
and irrigation purposes: and tlicit notice hereof wa-s posted on the 15th day
of  August,   1910.
Gibson's Landing, B. C.
after a consultation with the Liberal
Whip, at the last election to rim ouly
one Liberal candidate, and our members conscientiously voted for the official   Liberal  candidate  and  Mr.  Keir
nated by, Ihe "leaders of Labour.
Can one wonder thai the workers
are confused?,
With' all this blather we can but
conclude that these men  are consci-
(To Locals.)^
Charter     (with    necessary     supplies to start  Local) $5.00
Membciship   Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform and    application    blank
per  100    25
Ditto in  Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto in Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions, each    I    .20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen  SO
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
To Canadian  Socialists
On account of Increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the Interna-
Up-ijUs-Boclallst Review in Canada
♦ 1-20 a year Instead of 11.00. We
can, however, make the following
special offers:
For $3.00 we will mall three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mail ten
copies of any one issue.
Eor $3.00 we will  mall the  Review   one   year   and   the   Chicago
Daily Socialist for one year.
134 West Klnzle St., Chicago.
305  Cambie Street
The best of everything properly
Chas. Mtflcahey, Prop.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label A
Hardie, leaving the unofficial Liberal jously ,,layIng the game of the master
candidate out In the cold. Yet the
first thing Air. Keir Hardie did was
to claim the result as a win for Socialism, which It never was. That ls not
the way to secure pence between Liberals and the Labour Party."
In Mid-Glamorgan, he added, a Beat
which was always Liberal was claimed
for Labour. Another Socialist was put
up, and in spite of the efforts to bring
all the Labour members In the country
to support him, and In spite of the opposition of Ihe Liberal leaders in London, the party won hands down.
"Now," ntlded the speaker, "they
are trying to foist a Socialist on East
Glamorgan. Is it any wonder, therefore, that the Liberals turn round and
determine to fight them? The Liberals
can easily capture the second seat In
Merthyr, and probably those In Gower
and South Glamorgan. Why should
they not if the Labour Party decide to
claim every seat as lt falls vacnntf
As  to  the  position  ln   Merthyr,  Mr.
Keir Hardie, by his taunts, is making Standard
class. They have taken their stand
with the masterB and the toiler has
to fight them with those that they are
supporting—the capitalist class. It Is
to the Interest of the masters that
the workers should be confused. Such
confusion prevents them from seeing
the hellish class struggle that goes
on all round, and means to the producers of the world's wealth, misery,
poverty, starvation and death. In
that struggle thousands of .our class
are murdered year by year, and we
ask you If It Is not time that lt were
put a stop to? This wealthy but useless class are murdering you and yours
for their private gain, and you must
fight them and those that suppbrt
them—the "Labour leaders."
Let us, then, sift out the wheat from
the chaff and organize ln a working-
class party, with but one object in
view—the end of the capitalist system, which produces this class antagonism.— TWEL    in    the    Sooialist
Maws' Intei
Union-made Cigars.
- emmu IntMi bo M-i mo ma ►/•lEtO**" Wtrta.
. . IOI1UUWK1.USUSK Aa»4. »uiuiliui S-vslsd Is0« -J-
M0I»LMA1DMIM.»H IMIUCIIW WtWII Of Tilt OWT   Ismf-ssos I se Q—Sii
* CtCtMef.
NE3Q3S  "*
Which  Stands for a Living Wage
Vancouver Local  357.
■nif(you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to our office and wk will send a man
to measure your premises and give yon an estimate of cost of
installing the gaa pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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