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Western Clarion Feb 12, 1910

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 T at. ts
Vancouver. British Columbia, Sana-day, Febraar) 12, 1910.
Class Lines Sharply 'Defined on the First  T<wo Divisions
Socialist Party Defending the Interest of the  Workers
and their Dependents Against (Machinations of 'Bowser.
-ttat*' si.oi
Medical Inspection of School Children.
Provncial   Secretary Young  moved
the second reading of a Bill for this
purpose.    It provides that schools in
organized and unorganized districts be
inspected once a year, with a view to
the discovery of mental and physical
defects,  and  their  proper treatment.
Hawthornthwaite criticised Ihe Bill
in  some  particulars,  chiefly  on   the
ground that It would give the medical
.fraternity more  power, to which  he
objected, but did not oppose the second reading.
An Object Lesson In Class Government.
Coroners' Act Amendment Act. This
Act provides that evidence in coroner's inquests may be taken down by
a stenographer, who shall be sworn;
that evidence need not be read over
to the witness, but It be sufficient if
the transcript be signed by coroner or
his deputy, accompanied by the stenographer's affidavit.
This amendment was taken up In
committee and Huwthorthwalte moved
an amendment covering a suggestion
he had made on the second reading,
and to which the attorney-general had
assented. The amendment read as
"To add following as a new subsection: (2b) All material evidence
submitted under oath at any inquest
shall be duly taken down by the official
stenographer and incorporated in the
reports of the evidence.".
"Speaking to this, he Bald the reason for the amendment was that In H
number of inquests the coroner had
only permitted certain portions of the
evidence to be taken down. In instances he knew of personally, very
Important evidence hod been ruled out.
Tiiat ought to be stopped. If witnesses
were examined for evidence It was
noly right that their evidence should
be Included in the report.
Attorney General Bowser replied
that when he had assented to the suggestion of the hon. member for Nanaimo during the second reading he had
not anticipated lt would take this
form. He would not dictate to the
coronerB as to what evidence should
be taken down. They must let the
coroner have control of his own court.
If he does not see lit to report certain
evidence, he Is the sole judge. Under
this amendment lt might be possible
to keep the coroner's court sitting for
months, and he found It was impossible to consent to it.
Parker Williams Sees the Ethiopian in
the Wood-pile.
Parker Williams said that the admission by Bowser that the coroner was
the Bole judge of the evidence was the
ground of complaint. His experience
had been that the coroner had not all
the wisdom. As things stood the nature of the reports depended on what
evidence the coroner decided should
be taken down. The real reason for
Bowser's refusal was his objection to
laying bare the causes of these matters. If the provincial secretary had
charge of the BUI they would get fair
Hawthornthwaite.—The coroner was
an officer of the Crown and lt was an
untenable position to take that the
House had no power to dictate. In
the Act as lt stood the House had laid
down the rules of inquiry. Coroners
often allowed the evidence of corporations, and refused that given by relatives or Obtained by their counsel. The
absolute refusal of the attorney general to amend this anomalous state of
affairs he hoped the House would not
support. He had modified his amendment to read "all material evidence."
That meant "essential" evidence.
Bowser.—Who is to decide?
| in the reports. He could cite eases,
in which the Western Fuel Co. and the
Pacific Coast Coal Co. had be;en involved, in which all evidence produced by himself and counsel had
been cut out. Such arbitrary powers
were not in the interests of justice,
and the amendment should be accepted.
McBride contended that the Act as it
stood provided ample scope for carrying the amendment. To take down all
the evidence would be ridiculous. The
member for Nanaimo had referred to
cases in which the Pacific Coast Coal
Coal Co. and the Wellington Colliery
had been involved—
Hawthornthwaite corrected him. He
had no complaint to make as regarded
the inquest held in Ladysmith. He
had said the Western Fuel Co., not the
Wellington Colliery Co.
McBride accepted the correction.
The Government had never been backward in supplying all necessary assistance and believed they could not be
too cautious, painstaking and careful
in these investigations. The amendment was tauntamount to asking a
judge of the Supreme Court lo have
all evidence down.
Hawthornthwaite characterized the
Premier's reply as specious and persuasive, but he could not accede to
It. Sometimes when it had been necessary to apply to the Government he
had been met fairly and had succeeded ln getting the facts down, but the
Premier might not always occupy that
position and ft was .unsatisfactory to
rely upon and be at the mercy of an
Individual, The Coroners' Act did not
cover his amendment. Only evidence
admitted by the coroner was regarded
as legal. The actions of some corporations involved in these cases were
anything but creditable. Persons who
attended these Inquests were generally
aware of the facts snd when evidence
was given that would give a foundation for Civil or criminal action, the
witnesses often "left" or were spirited
away. To have justice done it was
most important to have their evidence
taken down. The amendment was
moderate and his reason had been produced for voting against it.
Bowser contended that his own
amenment would have the same effect
as Hawthornthwaite's. The coroner
must have control of his own court,
and ln many cases he thought the coroner's gave too much latitude. An inquest was only a preliminary Inquiry
for placing the responsibility, if any,
under criminal law. He quoted from
his own amendment to the effect that
the stenographer after extending his
notes Into longhand would have to
swear to them.
Jardine (L.) said that was not the
point under discusion. The question
waB, "How much evidence should be
admitted?" The whole of the evidence should be admitted. The amendment of the member for Nanaimo
made the Act more explicit and put
the coroner's duty beyond all doubt
He drew attention to the fact that
the signing of depositions by witnesses
was abolished by this BUI.
Hawthornthwaite took up the last
point as another innovation of Bowser's. Formerly the evidence had flrst
to be shown to the witness, but that
was to be swept aside, and he was not
to be allowed to Bee lt. Stenographers
were not perfect and mistakes were
bound to be made. In Nanaimo they
had only two, absolutely capable. Under the circumstances evidence most
vital and important might be left out
and Incalculable harm done. An Inquest should go further than laying
the foundation for a criminal proceed-
ure, or the object of the Inquest would
be defeated.   Under the BUI a coroner
his (Hawthornthwaite's) ' amendment.
The Bil said that the evidence or any
part of it may be taken down. "May"
did not mean "shall." It could do no
harm to have all material evidence
taken down. The original Act did not
provide for it. He had raised the point
to a coroner and the reply he had received was that he had no power. If
it was true that he had the power
the Government had not done its duty
in securing competent coroners.
McBride defended the coroners as
an efficient body of men who managed
the inquests in acordance with the Act.
If the Extension inquiry had not been
in accordance with the Act, reports
should have been submitted to the Government. Neither Parker Williams
nor Hawthornthwaite would have been
likely to allow the coroner to be derelict in his duty. There was no justification for an attack upon all coroners
In B. C.
Hawthornthwaite replied that he refused to be put in a false position. He
had made no such statement or charge.
He had uniformly met with courtesy
from the coroners, especlaly at Ladysmith where the inquiry had been full
and searching and he had been successful In getting all the evidence
down. It had not been so ln the two
subsequent cases. There the coroner
had refused to have the evidence given
by the injured taken down and incorporated in his report. The coroner
had taken the position that he had no
power to do so. If that, happened under such an efficient officer what must
the condition be in other parts of the
McPhillips Blunders on to the Truth.
The member for the Islands (Con.)
said that the amendment would create
great difficulty for coroners. Who was
to. determine the materiality of evidence. The coroners were not often
lawyers, and lawyers were the only
people competent to judge on that
point. The purpose of an inquest was
to determine Hie approximate cause of
death, and that did not need a legal
mind. As a matter of fact this was an
attempt to make the coroner's inquiry
a stepping stone for an action for
damages, and that was not the intention of the Act. There was another
process to be taken to accomplish that.
An inquest was only held to elicit the
facts surrounding the death. .'
Brewster (L.) said he had listened
to the previous speakers to find out
the real meaning of the amendment,
and had been unsuccessful. He could
not see how the coroner's duty could
be defined more correctly by the
amendment than it was in the Act as
it stood.
Parker Williams Again.
The member for Newcastle said that
it had become very plain that the Socialists represented the victims and
the other side the opposing interests.
If an individual killed another with a
club the coroner could bring the crime
home to him. The laughter of workingmen by corporations out for profits
must not be investigated in a manner
to lay the responsibility on the corporation because it would leave the
way open for damages. By what process would the Government justify
that position? The attorney general
was fighting to prevent the coroner's
court frtim extracting evidence that
could be used in a suit for damages.
Judging by the statements from the
Government side a coroner's court is
only an institution, for deciding that
when a man is dead he is dead for a
long time—if he was a working man.
Bowser.—You have a jury.
Hawthornthwaite.—You mean YOU
have a jury. t,
Parker Williams. ■»- The attorney
general's Bill did not provide for what
should be considered material evidence
or not. If the act said that the business of the corporations should be conducted in a certain way the coroners
had sufficient common sense to deal
with matters properly. The core of all
1he objections to Hawthorthwaite's
amendment was that it would make it
easier to get at the bottom of accidents
for which corporations were responsible.
The member for the Islands seemed
to think that the amendment would
provide for future suits for damages
against corporations, and that damned
it. The inquiries were instituted for
the purpose of eliciting all the fads.
What harm would be done by eliciting facts, even If they did lay the
foundation for civil or criminal action?
The corporations were always well represented and equipped at these inquests for the purpose of preventing
evidence being submitted which might
result in damage suits. If it was proposed to deprive people of legal counsel and have material evidence suppressed at these inquiries they were
in a very serious position indeed. He
requested the attorney-general to reconsider his position and further
amend the Bill to cover the deficiencies; he had the ability and experience
to do it.
Bowser said that the Coroners' Act
was similar to the Imperial Act. A
presiding officer was necessary and he
must have the deciding voice in matters of evidence. The amendment put
the House into the position of dictating to the coroner that he "must" take
(Continued on Page 4)
How the Capitalists, 'Practicing the Thrift They Preach,
are not Missing any 'Bets, and so hate made the Missionary the Advance Agent of Commerce.
Havrthornthwalte.—Let the coroner Imay suppress evidence. The Crown
decide. As the position stood it was /should be represented at all Inquests or
practically impossible to get evidence they should cut the Inquests out. The
given by others than officials embodied  attorney-general's bill did   not   meet
Mind how we mushed on the Great
White Trail
Women, children, an' men,
Stark staring mad in the wild stam
The gold-rush of nine-ten.
God!    How we fought for the pay-dirt
An' most of us were sold,
There was brazen chunks of the brimstone of Hell!
In the rainbow pot of gold.
Ain't it fair hell, mate?   Them sloppy
Where the siren voices are?
An' th' crazy music of Commerce beats
In the rush of the tramway car,
An' the' giant machines that grind an'
Where Industry works for lt keep;
An' rattle of chains in th' pavement
When slaves their masters seek.
There was gaunt an' grim-eyed starving men
Lined th' trail as we passed by,
The  human  machines   displaced   by
An' thrown on the scrap heap to die.
"Proflf'-cursed heaps   of   bones   an'
Rot under the Upas Tree,
They're paying th' toll on this cursed
The Revolution vlll freo.
There was women un-soxed for mother-
In the mad race working their way.
Or the gold-lust-steeled, to the sodden
—A harlot stalks her prey.
Hounded by wolf-bred bastard men
While th' trade-rat blinks his eyes
Can women  be  women  and  pay the
Where th' bloody trade flag flies?
An' little children worked ln the gloom
Where flickering lights did flame
Ilobbed  of childhood on the trail of
The,Indian blushes to name.
Little bodies crimped, an' shriveled an'
Where a master's lash did fall.
Paying the toll to the lords of the
While the gold-lust gripped us all.
In the eyes of men is glint of steel
From the fierce volcano of hate,
Stored for ages 'neath an iron mask.
They drlak to the Day, and wait,
Till the gold-lust wanes ln the fevered host
An' they line that bitter road
Where Its   clasB   against   class—the
weak pays the toll;
For such is the trail's stern code.
Wage-slaves!    By yellow leaders led
Like sheep to the slaughter pen,
Chasing a job in the wid stampede,
The gold-rush of niiieleen-ten,
Will you sell your freedom for the pay-
dirt there
Or stand with your class an' fight?
To win what gold can never buy,
"Workert of all Lands Unite."
Some time ago tbe Laymen'B Missionary Movement was organized. Its
advent was heralded by a blare of
trumpets on the part of the press. It
was said, "Give us $25,000,000 and we
will evangelize the world In this generation." Well, the movement got
down into the harness to capture that
bunch of "tin."
Now, we had all been quite well acquainted with Bundry missionary societies—the Old Woman's Missionary
Union and Sewing Circles where the
ladies of the congregation made aprons
for the "poor dear heathen that never
heard the beautiful story about
J-e-s-u-s (this should be prolonged).
Also Mission Bands where we were
given "mite boxeB" and told to put
our pennies in there for the "Lord'B
work." (Remember how we used to
slyly open the box after we had deposited a few coins for the heathen,
and hike for the nearest candy shop?
And then the blisters we got when our
parents discovered our theft of the
"Lord's money"? Happy childhood
Well, the new missionary movement
was to be entirely different from anything we had ever experienced before.
Decidedly so!. Nothing old fashioned
or modest about this! Not on your
life! Why, even Big Hilly Taft was
interested, to say nothing of Saint
John D. and sundry other of the
Lord's annointed. We don't remember
whether Teddy of Big Noise fame and
Harry Kendall Thaw were on the
board of directors or not, but we presume they were. Anyhow, the evangelization of the world (in .the interests of American capital) under the
wise and benevolent administration of
the new movement, goes merrily on.
The other day this new organization
met in convention in New York, hence
this screed. Now, I have habitually
taken with a grain of salt any and all
statements made by persons who
claimed to be followers of the meek
and lowly, etc., as a matter of. principle. Truth is one of the • virtues
with which they are at "outs." But
there was one fellow at that convention who has won my lasting admiration and gratitude.
He ls George Sherwood Eddy, a
Yale man who has spent several years
as a missionary to the poor, dear Hindus. Did it at his own expense, too.
He addressed the meeting on "Missions as an Investment." Ah! I can
see the represenlatives of Big Business smack their chops over that!
Georgia, etc.. Eddy said, "In an ideal
investment we seek good security and
large returns. (Oh, a trifle of 125 per
cent, or so will do!) In these two respects missions present a gilt-edged
security  (Me for the mission fields!).
Georgie has bluntly and brutally
told the truth. The roster of the J«ay--
men's Missionary, Movement contains
the names of America's most prominent big business kings. And Uujy
are in the movement because they,can
see dollars thai will be diverted their
way by their activity. They are after
foreign markets..- They aim to send
out a large corps of business agents
in the guise of missionaries. It will
be the duty of these business missionaries to teach the poor, dear
heathen that lt is decidedly Immoral
in them to walk around naked—they
must wash themselves (use Ivory
soap) and don a new suit of (Stan-
field's unshrinkable) underwear. They
should also buy cloth of Grab 'em &
Co., and have a Prince Albert made
to order immediately. And houses—
Hully Gee! the poor fellows live In
mud huts! Never do! De-cldedly not!
Write Slicker & Skinem, architects, of
Chicago, for a five-rpom model house!
And do you mean to tell me that
you felows haven't any banks! WhaJ!
The Lord '11 nev?f bless you! Come
on, ,1. P., here's a. job for you! Anjd-
here the poor, fejlow wears wooden.
sandals! Why ...wy dear heatJoen
brother you must , have a pair, .of
(Douglas) . shoes.,at once!. Andi IM
must bave, a canal,and monorail.J^in.^
extending from:Ur->bdIgnag to Alenols.
also.   And so it goes on. ...,,,
Under the guise of philanthropy and
brotherly love, these.big businessYme|n
propose..to advertise their ,. wqws
abroad. ... They ..wish to show,(lie
"heathen', how benighted they tthe
heathen) are, and, show them the .advantages that wj.II accrue . to. them
when.they have come under the dominion of American financial pirates. Ami
then, you know, (jieir solicitude aver
the welfare of the souls of the popr
"haythen" will give them the best, qt
standing among all good "bredren and
sistern" at home. , It will help whitewash the few black marks in the shape
of illegal rebates, false scales, etc.,
tbat have been chalked up against
them. On the whole it's a first class
business proposition. .--..•■ ,
Comrades, let the professional soul-
savers blaze the trail. Let them Invade the uttermost parts of the earth
in the interest of the big business.
Let them hang cards on the North
Pole setting forth the beauties of Sunlight soap. When they have marked
out the way; when there is a well defined trail and they have captured the
earth for capital, wc will take a hand.
We, the horny-handed Bons o' guns,
who do the world's work, wll step iu,
take and enjoy. If they interfere we
will give them a first-class, one-way
ticket to the "peiirly gates" In which
they are so intensely Interested. So
here's to capital, the blazer of trails
Nothing Is so sure and nothing yields  t0  iu(luBtI-lal   democracy!     Here's   to
larger returns! ((ieorgie should have
been a mine promoter or real estate
"When Japan went to the EngllBh
money market to finance the Manchu-
rlan Railway the money was spent ln
the United States, amounting to some
$50,000,000. (Now, I begin to smell a
mouse!). The Japanese government
spent the English money In the United
States because the Japanese engineers
had been educated In this country at
the expense of American missionaries.
(That mouBe Is growing! I believe It
ts a rat!).
"A hundred years ago we sent the
flrst missionaries to China. Our trade
with thai country now totals nearly
(50,000,000 annually and is rapidly
growing." (How that mouse does
And finally Georgie (he resembles
his namesake of hatchet fame) says,
Where can we find another investment that will yield an hundredfold In
this life and In tbe world to come—
eternal  life?"
the omnipotent god of the earth. May
he grow, expand, ami quickly reach
the zenith of his career. And may
his downfall be speedy and unmourned.
Prepare, oh, workers, to chant a re-
quelm for the repose of his soul!
They are "revising" the volers' lists
in Manitoba so the fight will be on
shortly. Hurry up with the ammunition. A B. C. comrade offers $100 to
the Manitoba organising fund on condition thnt the rest of B. C. makes it
$500 right away. Every Local should
do what lt can and send the money to
W. H. Stebblngs, .116 Good Street,
Winnipeg, Man. As soon as he gets
$400 from B. C. he can call up this
office for the other $100.   Get busy.
Victor Grayson's defeat was much
more of a victory than the election of
Kelr Hardie, who was swung ln on
the tail end of a Liberal. ■""
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ests at variance with either class. Certainly they are not interested in a
revolution. Reform that would make
them the beneficiaries of exploitation
and protect them from the exactions of
the greater capitalists, is their medicine (but it is medicine they will never
The mass of the revolutionary army
must and will be drawn from the
wage-workers and the proletarian
farmers. For them, before all others,
is easiest the consciousness that they
have nothing to lose but chains. They
alone are. capable of carrying the
struggle to a successful Issue. And
they must.
Watch the label on your pa
per. If thla number Is on It,
your st-becription expires the
next Issue.
8ATURDAY,  FEBRUARY   12th,   1910.
The clasB struggle Is not a theory, it
"Is a living fact. And It Is to-day the
one fact above all others that matters.
It ls due to the existence ln society of
'two classes.
These clasBes are the working class
' and the capitalist class. At this juncture the capitalist defenders generally
step forward and point to the fact
that many capitalists "work" very
much harder than many workers—indeed, that some of them actually break
themselves down with work. And the
usual answer is that the capitalist
does no useful work; which, of course,
is by no means the correct answer.
The difference is not that one class
•works and the other does no useful
'work, but that the one is exploited and
the other exploits It.
The term "useful" is also badly in
need of definition.   We are too prone
' to assume that much of the labor performed   to-day,   such   as   advertising,
• etc., which could be done without in
:a Socialist society, is useless and
waste labor. But this is a capitalist
society with which we are dealing and
therefore all labor necessary to the
running of a capitalist society is useful. And further, all labor is productive labor that is necessary in a capitalist society to production, a term
which, in Its economic sense, Includes
transportation. and cii-culatlon, In fact
all the processes through which a commodity passes from the raw material
' till lt reaches the -hands of the consumers.
In the snm total of the wealth produced ln society Is crystallzed the sum
total of society's productive effort.
Bach Individual who has expended any
■effort In production has labor, to that
extent, roughly, crystallzed In the sum
Each lndlvidualhrd mf hrd mfw hmhm
of wealth. If the return he or she receives ls the equivalent of the labor
performed, then noody is exploited.
Bnt where any receive more than the
equivalent of their laor, others must
Of necessity receive less, and be to
that extent exploited.   There ls where
'the class line lies.
'To-day, at the two extremes we
have the billionaire and the pauper.
Bach a living demonstration of the
fact that exploitation exists. Between
these two extremes the two classes are
graduated down and up towards one
another till they meet and the class
line Ib confUBed and lost in what ls
'called the middle class. But that is
the line between the two classes; on
the one side are those who receive less
than tbe social equivalent of the useful labor they perform, on the other,
those who receive more.
Between these two classes is the
class struggle. A struggle between
any two contestants must necessarily
be a struggle for supremacy, and so
with the class struggle. The exjloltlng
class seek to retain their supremacy,
the exploited class to overthrow it.
Every Btep taken by the one to entrench itself, or by the other to encroach upon its position, ls a part of
the class struggle. Nothing else Is.
Reforms except such as deal with the
franchise and so forth, are no part of
the class struggle—are, indeed, to the
contrary, more to be regarded as
means to blunt the edge of class antagonism. The exact role of the reformer, whether he be conscious of it
or not, is that of peacemaker and intercessor between two embattled
It is notable, also, that It Is from the
ranks of the "middle class," who are
on the No-man's-Land, between the
two armies, that reforms mostly emanate. This Is easily accounted for by
the very fact of the position they occupy. Themselves either exploiters to
a very small extent, or else merely having the functions of exploiters without
retaining the proceeds of exploitation;
In the majority of cases themselves being exploited but having the appearance of exploiting;   they  have Inter-
That Socialism Is anti-Christian has
been repeatedly asserted by its enemies, and as frequently denied by its
friends. Perhaps they are both right.
It all depends.
Our enemies, who have denounced
us as anti-Christian in the first place,
were not deeply concerned as to whether the charge was true or false.-
Enough for their purpose that it
should be to our discredit. Many of
them possibly knew it was false, so it
becomes possible that there may be
some truth ln it.
At any rate our alleged anti-Christian • proclivities were intended as a
taint upon our character, but we
might very well turn round and claim
them aa one of the chiefest of our
Occasionally some well-meaning It-
dividual wlll deplore the Irreligious
tone of the Clarion. With very much
more occasion he might well deplore the Irrellglon of the Church.
The Clarion Is possibly the most religious paper published. In fact, if a
correct estimate of the character of
the Nazarene carpenter is to be formed from the Bible story, he would be
today in at least quite as bad odor as
we are, and would certainly be very
much more mllitantly anti-Christian.
You who believe ln Him and profess to follow in His footsteps, tell us
frankly what, think you, of his approval you would earn? Look at your
Church. Look at It. Is it not a lovely
spectacle? Its ministry—a profession
which men enter as they would the
legal profession. Requiring, as does
the latter, years of training to sufficiently dis'tort the mind of a common
youth that he may become something
abnormal and apart. To make him
reverend," look reverend, appear reverend, act reverend, think reverend.
To enable to preach sermons earnestly
on nothing in particular, and to devoutly believe they are about something highly essential. The while his
congregation listens more or less attentively—and pays no heed whatever.
They pay his salary, that Is enough.
They pay lt to him to tell them what
they wish to hear, and he is carefully
trained to do just that. They demand
of him round-toned, sonorous, pleasing
eloquence. Vehement denunciation of
sins of which they strongly suspect
their neighbors. Earnest exhortations
to righteousness, to which they know
they have attained. Prayerful advice
to the All-Wise on the management
of the universe. No wonder a halo of
sanctity and a veil of awe is necessary to conceal the humor of the situation.
Call us irreligious? Well, the Clarion may not always tell the truth, it
may not always know it, but it is
never deterred from telling it when lt
Is to its financial disadvantage. Does
your Church do that? The Clarion
stands for the weak against the
strong. The exploited against the exploiter. The oppressed against the
oppressor. That is what you say your
Christ stood for. But does your Christianity? Why, every other labor-skinner from America's greatest oil king
to Vancouver's latest laundry-owner,
Is an accepted and acceptable member
of the Church. And the higher his
standing in the Church, the lower the
pittance of his slaves. They grind
the bones of men, of women and of
children Into profit, and the Church
with eager hand takes of that profit
and blesses and glorifies the giver.
They drive the men to the bar-room,
the women to the brothel. Does the
Church denounce them? Or does lt
not denounce the depravity ot the victims? Slaves herd like swine in
fetid, rack-rented dens, children go
otten in rags. And the Church—?
jreaches that "cleanliness is next to
godliness"—and takes a share of the
Call that a religion? IE such Is
Christianity, we are anti-Christian and
•oud of it. We will be the death of
... Never mind telling us of your
faith in the future and your salvation
come. We arc interested in the
things of THIS world. You have some
beautiful formulas, but your practices
e revolting.
Nevertheless, we are by no means in
agreement with the ultra-scientific
among us who insist that one may not
be a Socialist and hold the Christian
faith. In that they are very unscientific. True, their logic ls Incontrovertible. But science haB abandoned
logic ln despair and taken unto Itself
the dialectic, whose watchwords are
experiment and observation. And
there have come within the circle of
phenomena of our personal observation, those who hold devoutly to both
the Christian faith and the Marxian
fact. They may not be consistent in
this, but inconsistency is one of humanity's most remarkable achievements. Anyway, there they are, and
they don't seem to worry over the Irreligious tone of the Clarion, either.
Clearwater,   Idaho.
Jan. a 1st. 1010.
Western  Clarion
Dear Comrade: —
I wish some information lhat I can
depend upcn. Tilings are getting so
bad on this Bide, that a good many of
us Socialists think it would be to our
economic advantage to move on to
tho frontier to keep away from the
modern struggle for existence. Net
that we expect to or wish to evade
our share of the fight for freedom, but
If there Is a chance to better our
economic condition by moving on, we
believe in the interest of our families
we should do so.
We have got_some advertising matter booming Fort George as another
Spokane in the near future, and the
surrounding country, as larger and better than the Inland Empire, now we
wish all the Information you can give
us about that country, as we know
you will tell us the truth as you see
It. If there is a local at Fort George,
I wish you would give me the secretary's address, or that of some Socialist who is acquainted with that part of
the country. An early reply will be
appreciated. Find enclosed 50c, for
which send me the Western Clarion
for what time that will pay.
Yours till freedom shall perch upon
our banner,
C. W. Perry.
■   *   •
Say "SpartacuB," what was that you
were telling ub about forsaking your
B. C. stump-ranch for the Elyslan
fields of Idaho, where conditions were
so much better and a man could make
a ranch yield him a living, instead of
him having to work in a saw-mill to
keep the ranch up?
Seems to be the case all over that,
wherever you are, somewhere else Is
just a shade better. But It's no use.
Go where you will, capital will get
you and will grind tne surplus value
out of you. You ranchers are In the
same boat with us wage plugs. We
can, by moving round, change one
master for another and you by moving on can do exactly the same thing.
If you tire of paying rent, profit and interest to Idaho capitalists, you can
come over here and pay the tribute to
B. C. Capitalists. It isn't as much
of a change as it looks even, for lt is
the Capitalist class that exploits you,
and mayhap products of your sweat
and toil, whether in B. C. or in Idaho,
will flow into the very same coffers.
Capital is International and omnipresent.
We don't know a thing about Fort
George. Don't even know where it
is, and it doesn't matter. Wherever
it is and whatever it ls, we are dead
certain it is no good for ranchers, or
for slaves of any other breed. A real
estate artist has got to lie a little
bo he might as well He a lot. He would
paint you glowing pictures of a quarter
section in tbe fourth dimension if he
could locate it on a map.
The very fact of Fort George being
so widely advertised ln Idaho, carries
a suggestion that the proposition is
so raw-that It won't even catch suckers  nearer home.
To the slave, one place Is like another. He Is on earth to yield up profit to the master class first, and, incidentally, to remain on earth if possible The advantages of one place are
beautifully compensated by disadvantages. What the transportation companies don't get, the irrigation companies do. Where the soil is fruitful, the
seasons are unkind. Where the crops
are abundant, there ls no market.
Where the land is clear, the price is
prohibitive. One way or another the
land slave gets lt In the neck. That
is his condition of existence. He must
surrender his. product to the hands of
capital. His portion, if he Is lucky, is
a subsistence.
However, if Comrade Perry Is determined to buy him a ranch near Ft.
George, we strongly advise him to entrust ub with the buying of it. We
undertake to do our very best lo get
a share of the commission.
"A dogmatic perlsher," the more I
thought the term over, the less I liked
lt. I changed lt around, a perishing
dogmatist, no, worse than before,
there It was, and I had to swallow lt,
albeit I took smal comfort thereof. My
I. L. P. friend had handed me the cold
and slimy jeer and there was no help
for it. Yes, I suppose I am a dogmatic
perlsher as will appear hereunder.
This question of religion Is in my
mind now and I cannot longer remain
silent. What, may I ask, is Christian
Socialism? Have we not had enough
of religions? Has not human kind
been saddled with some mystic cult
thruogh which the master class had
held the "herd" ln subjection long
enough?   Are we never to be free?
Comes a wall from Toronto that cer
tain vllllans have attacked religion.
Horrible, indeed! Blatchford says thai
we need a new religion, a new religion
forsooth! What we need is to Understand what we want and how to gel
It. We need un intend to huve ownership over the means of production-
the co-operative commonwealth '.ill!
satisfy us and no Iohs. Beware ray
lord of religion; 11 Is the green eyed
monster that devours the band thnl
feeds II.
All time enough you nuy, but whnl
is the stand Soclullsts take upon it'llg-
Ion? Get busy and explain; uftei' till
some comrades uie Christian Socialists, tuke It how you will. Here, thou,
Is my view of the case. Flint wlial
is religion? Tho worship of Coil snys
our Christian who sublimely puis out
of count ull other Gods but his one.
However what or who tills God of the
Chrlstalns ls no one can explain. A
Heavenly Father (poor old mothers
right) a divine creutor, three lu one,
Now, It seems to me thai Socialists
know that all religions are the mental
reflex of given economic conditions.
If you cannot agree to the .Materialist
conception ot history, the S. P. of C.
is no place for you. Indeed it seems
to me that when you sign your application form you have declared for the
class struggle and is not this death
to all known forms of religion? What
is the class struggle? The workers on
one side and the masters upon the
other. The former trying to wrest
political power from the latter, the
latter trying to retain their grip. This
I understand as the class struggle; A.
M. Lewis, notwithstan.'ing.
It follows, therefore, that all forces
found in the masters camp are enemies
of the workers and must be looked
upon as such. The Christian Church
—Catholic and Greek—are hand in
hand with the master class to-day,
hence their teaching Is opposed to
ours. Class privilege, that is their
rock bottom. We are out to destroy
this. Resignation to economic conditions, however horrible. Is their advice, nay command, to the workers—
we have declared war upon these conditions, hence are opposed to this
teaching. At all points our creed
clashes with theirs—where then is
your Socialist Christain to stand.
As a matter of fact the man who
calls himself a Christian Socialist betrays a profound ignorance of both
Christianity and Socialism. He Is one
of those mental magpies who constitute a danger to our party. Some
Comrades there are, who will not take
a firm stand upon this matter. In talking to Christians, they will dodge the
question: Is Socialism anti-Christian?
Some go as fur as to say that Social-
Ism ls a kind of revised edition of
Christianity; others write clever
phamplets upon "The Message of Socialism to the Church," "Socialism
and the Bible," etc. It seems to me
that the mesage of Socialism to the
church is "hands off!" I cannot help
but think that this "you scratch my
back and I will yours" policy Is a
menace to our work.
Let us for any sakes state our case
plainly. We, tbe Socialists, are opposed to religion, in that religion as
we have known it, is a stalking horse
for the master. class. We know that
with given economic conditions religions Save risen and then those conditions changed and religion changed
also. We know that to-day economic
conditions are changing rapidly, religions are changing too. Freedom of
though is all right to-day, while a few
years ago men wure burnt for the
same. To-day the ' churches stand
empty for the Church has no more a
voice with the workers. The Dives
and Lazarus story is worked out. The
fact that Dives went to Hell just because he was Dives and that Lazarus went to heaven because he was
himself. The idea of the rich man
mussing his Sunday clothes crawling
through a "needle's eye" falls to comfort the worker any longer. The S.
P. of the World will bring about a revolution In economic conditions, therefore, as religions with these conditions, Christianity as we know It today will fade away—hence Socialism
is the enemy of Christianity.
Let us state the matter plainly Comrades, from platform and in print,
don't double shuffle, speak out plainly,
, yes, Socialism is anti-Christian, and
explain why. If the man you are talking to prefers treasures in heaven, to
comfort on Earth, let be, he will get
his heavenly treasure, prehaps. Certain, If he is a worker he will get no
comfort on earth. If he—more from
a fear of hell than from a pope of
heaven—cannot join the Party, he is
better outside.
And above all don't jaw about right
and wrong,-moral and Immoral, justice and Injustice, these are terms
which mean nothing; right, morality
and justice to one are the reverse to
another. It ls right to the master
class that the workers dwell ln poverty. It ls moral to our present rulers
that the disgusting sex relations prevalent today continue, and he is an
Immoral beast who would alter them.
War and exploitation are just, right,
and- moral. Study your Historic Materialism, and remember that only
might ls right. See to it that you are
the Migthy.
Socialist Directory
gjgf Every Lo-.l of tl,- SaclitHsl P.rly of
Canada sboultl nm a r.td under till. Ii.ftd
< 1.00  [tcr tnunth.      &«rt«l"ti-B lilrsntt tint".
ooaciirion BxaovTivn oommixtbb,
H'U'hlllM I'ltl-ty of t'utlllilll. MeetH
every iiltt'nmti> .Miimlny. I). (1. Mc-
I'l'iir.le, ft," i.1 in v, Him tit, Vim,miner,
11. C
Kx.i iitlve i'iiiiniiiti.»>. HocIuIIkI l'urty
of Canada, Menl* every ulii-inntn
Monday. |). li McKi'iilIn, HtM'tvUtry,
llux 131,  Vancouver,  II. C.
t'onitnltleo, Hnelnll.t Parly of Canada. Meets) every .llctnatv Monday lit
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. Kaat, op.
poalte poatoflloo. secretary will be
pleased lo antiwar any oontniunloatlona
regarding the movement In the province.
v.    oitoby,    8eo„ Box     647      Calgary, Alta.
HOOAJ*.      -H-VEIiSTOKE,      -.O.S.P.C —
»      ni Tverv'^ brhKS3 ""'etlng?'at
Bdfion    i   .•inrSU"M?y ,8ven-**S  In  the
i .,ii    in     tut lor     Theatre.        SDeaker-,
,    Pea»lng. through   HevolstoUe   are    l™
ur •      w" w"U,-„-a F' Gay-nan. lecre-
turj.    «. \\, Lefeuux, Organiser.
LOCAL  LADYBMI-TH HO.  10,  8.  T. Or
C. IIiihIiiohh meeting every Saturday
7, ,»>■••'■ *-„,hoa,lqti»rt?™ utt >Kt Ave
11 Ut. William.. t*c., Ladysmlth, B. c
LOOAL MOTH, B. 0„ BO. 30—iu)im
ffiramffl-    Hal"' Mrs- ™8y$K
LOOAL BOHLABD, Bo. SS, S. T. 01  tt,
meet« In Miner.' Hall every Sunday at
THO n m. _ «. Campbell, Seoy" " "
E°I. ",*■ «,,R?»"'!.,>"1 Finnish Bfanci
?SnUn,,i,ri,lU5di;r* Hr1-- ** ""ay. it
liVS- ■V 4" s"bl" Ssoy • o'Boa
766 Rowland, B. C.
tlve Committee. Meeta flrat and third
Mondays of every month, Jublleo Hull,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleasod to furnish
any Information nnd unswer any correspondence relative to the. movement.
8 cumming*.OrgaalMri W. II tttehhln-s
Sec , Suite 7 I.ydiu Court, Winnipeg , iiuiu
Committee. Meets In Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 1st and 3rd
Wednesdays. Organizer. W. Urlbble, 13*
Hogarth Ave., Toronto. P. C. Young,
Secretary, y 10 l'a'io Ave.
aSABirmr    provincial    sxbcv-
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meeta every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKIn-
non's, Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane,
Secretary, Box 13, Olace Bay, N. S.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Bdgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 636.
LOOAZ, BBLBOB, I. T. OP 0-, MS-,   ej
every   Krlduy   evening   a.        p.,,,.    ,
Minors'   Hull.    Nelson,   B.   t*       d    i
Organizer; I. a. Austin. h.oy
meets every Sunday nt «:30 u.in., is!
Miners' Hall Matt Hullda; . Organizer.    H. K. Maclnnls, .Secretary.
LOCAL OALOABY, AJ    A„ l'O. 4, fl. P.
of C. Meetings ev-.. tip di v at 4
P-m. In the Labor Hall, Bat-ber Block,
I'.lghtti Ave. K. (near posloM.-n). Club
and  Headlnc  Room.     Labcr , .all, r>. A.
McLean,    Box 647.    Socretnry,    A.    Ma
douald, Organizer,    p -,t 647.
P ot C., meets every flrst «n bird
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town al!
J. Oliph.nt, Secretary.
LOOAZ, colbr-ab. ALTA., I.J. u
Meets every Sunday night In the
Miners' Hall and Opera House, at I
p.m. Everybody welcome. Soolallat
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
LOOAL  TABCOUTBR,   B.   C,    BO.    48,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays In the month at 161
Hastings St. W.   Secretary, Wm. Myuttl
Headquarter* and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1316 Government St. Bualness meeting every
Tuesday evening, 6 p.m. Propocanda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre.      K.   Thomas,   Secretary,
LOOAL NANAIMO, BO.  S,  8.  P.  of  C,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
tn Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clockj
Jack Place, Reo. Secy.,  Box  826.
LOCAL   PBBBIB,   8.   P.   of   O,   BOLD8
educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Bualness meeting flrst Sunday In each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec, Box 164.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St,
Business and propaganda i itlngs
every Thursday ut 7:30 p.m. -harp.
Our Reading Room M open to thi public free, from 10 a. .1 p.m. dally.
F. Blake 649 .' tl.abasca Ave., Secretary-Treasurer, T. Bffsett, 321' fourth
St., Organizer
LOOAL WarBZPB*». 8. r. OP C. StBAD.
quarter., Kerr', lluli, ts< i-* AdUatde St     sat
opp.Koblln Hotel: r>, -lnessn. feting every
Sunday morning ii r V'-nauan \a
meeting Sunday ev    ,ng A p.m   Evei-v.
body welcome.     Secretary,j w Hilling,
»7« Young St; Organizer, D.   Mc Joegall, 441
Jarvis St
loca:-, OBSSNWOOB bo. s. b. t. oi*
C. meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month     Geo   H a hcrtuii.   organizer;   R .J
Campbell, Secretary, Box 134.
LOOAL VERNON, R. On BO. 88, 8. P. OP
C„ meets every Friday night at 7:60
In Tlmtnlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Kdgar Smith, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
S3, B. P. of O.—-Meets every Sunday ln
hall ln Empress Theatre Block at 8:00
p. m.    Angus Mclver, Secretary.
LOOAL MARA, B. O., BO. 84, 8. P. of O.
Meeta first Sunday In every month ln
Socialist Hall, Mara, 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Rosoman, Recording Secretary.
LOOAL PORT MOODY,  B.  0.,  BO.  4X.
8. V. of O.—Business meetings first
Sunday In each month. J. V. Hull.
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
of C.—Business meetings and ,1 4th
Wednesdays in the month, at t. Labor
Temple, Church St. Propagan. . tne. t-
ings every Sunday at 3:61 ocIolK it
the Labor Temple. Speakers' c ss
every a  at 8:00 o'clock stt>"
Temple .7.   Stewart,  Secretary,
62 Seaton St.
LOCAL OTTAWA,  BO.  8,  8.  P.  OP  O.
Business    meeting     1st    Sunday    la
month, and propaganda meetings fr
lowing Sundaya at 8 p.m. In Robert.-
Allan Hall, 78 Rideau St.    A.  G.   Mc
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
LOOAL   COBALT,  BO.   S,   B.  P.   OP  tt
Propaganda and buslnesa meetings
every Wednesday at < p.m. In Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
of C, meets every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at 8 p.m., 66
King St E., opposite Market Hotel.
H. Martin, Secretary, 61 Weber St B.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Macdon ■
ald'a hall, Union Str.et. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Olace Bay; Wm. Sutherland. Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. O.
Ross, Financial Secretary, office In D.
N. Brodle Printing Co. building, Union
Dear Comrade:—
As I have changed my habitation
from Enderby, B. C„ the gateway to
the famous Okanagan Valley, to MorBO,
Saskatchewan, I wish you to send my
paper here. I was In Enderby for the
last election, and am proud to see
that the Socialists are now the Opposition Party In B. C. Legislature, having seen an account of Mr. Jardine,
taking Jim Hawthornthwaite as Ms
leader. Well Jim can lead pretty
good, but It leaves Brewster the sole
surviver of a once large and happy
family of Parasites.
Say, Mac, give us an article on the
way money makes money. Yours
truly has forty-seven cents saved up
and I want to have it make money for
me as all our Local Capitalist papers
say that money makes money. I'd
like to get an explanation of how the
trick ls done. Please answer soon as
It may have to go for grub.
""   Yours for the revolution,
Land For Sale
100 acres in N. Enderby district, Okanagan Valley. Finest
agricultural land in the province.
The best to be obfained for fruit
hay and vegetables.
In blocks to suit at $40 per
acre, nst, '/i mile from newrail-
way station, % mile from school.
River frontage. Enough dry
wood on property to pay fof clearing. Socishst neighbors. For
full particulars apply to   .
Bernard Rosoman
672 Enderby B. C.
A. F.   Cobb
Merchant Tailor
OKotoKs,    Alberta
For every suit sold through
this  advertisement I will glvo
$2.00 to the circulation of the
Western Clarion.
1. Write me for samples of
2. Mention the price you want
to pay tor suit
3. Compare my sample with
the price.
4. If suitable, send me deposit of $5.00.
5. I will guarantee to deliver
suit to fit within six weeks.
6. Clarion will acknowledge
receipt of $2.00 from me when
ault ls paid tor.
Suits to measure from $15.00
to $30.00.
60   YEARS'
Trade Manss
Anyone Bonding a sltctcli aud S.scrlutlnn may
:."Icklr aaoerUln our opinion freo wlietli.r ao
Invention la probably patentable.   Ctittimnnlca-
tliiiiiat-lcllyi-unililtiiiilal. HSIIDBOOK ou Patent,
sent free. Oldest agency far securing patents.
Patents taken through Munn k Co. receive
■jt-'ti-I notice, without chars., In tbe
Sctentific American.
A hftTidioniQlr illttitgitod woekly. I-arnut circulation of any -ic.ant.flG Journal. Tarmi, |5 «
ya-ar; four montha, $1. Sold by 111 newadaalera.
ilNNSCi.*"'^"" New York
Branch Offlc,-»*r st, WaaSlngtou, 1>. a SATURDAY,  FEBRUARY   12th,  1910.
Tb-" Page In Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and Oiicnil Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box  830, Vancouver, B. C.
Socialist Party of Canada
Wo, ths Socialist Party of Canada, In convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of tho principles and programme of the revolutionary wor'Mng class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong. The present ononomlc system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products ot
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist ts therefore
master; the worker a slave.
Bo long as the capitalist class remains ln possession ot the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights In the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to tbe worker an ever increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies In the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property In the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
•ad the worker Is rapidly culminating la a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure It by political action. This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call npon all workers to organise under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose ot setting up and enforcing the economic programme ot the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, a* rapidly as possible, ot capitalist
property In the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) Into the collective property ot the
working class.
1. The democratle organisation and management of Industry
by the workers.
8.   The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when In office, shall always and everywhere until the present system ts abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule ot conduct: Wtll this legislation advance the Interests ot the working class and aid the workers la
their class struggle agatr.at capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party ls tor it; If It will not, tha Socialist Party ls absolutely
opposed to It
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the vublle affairs placed In Its hands In suck
a manner as to promo*, tha Interests of the working elase alone.
NELSON,   B.   C.
Western Clarion:
On Tuesday evening, January 25th,
Miss Gurley Flynn, of Spokane, addressed a large gathering of the working plugs ln Nelson, slohg lines of Industrial unionism, and she is certainly a flue speaker. The only regrets
the Socialists have is that we realize,
or think we do, that we should have
her speaking lor : jislUm. But after
all, If she can each the worker to organize Industrially, he 's lu a fair way
to become Socialized, for he learns his
true relation to the employing or
robber class, and the lessons the I. W.
W. have received at the hands of the
governing class in Spokane, should
each them that there ls not much of
thi Identity of Interest between the
two classes. We often wonder how
much more of the police club diet lt
is going to take before the other fellow will give some club diet In return, but if a man gcia what he votes
for, he really has no kick.
Oerald Desmond lectured twice hei u
the other week. His first lecture was
on "Are the Workers Robbed?" Comrade Daker took the chnlr and Introduced the speaker and subject, ln a
manner that surprised some ot the old
timers. Desmond showed the capitalist skin-game up In good woi king class
language. His audience had no doubts
as to the reality of the robbery when
he was through with them.
On the following night his subject
was: 'What is the Cause of Poverty?"
The chair on this occasion was taken
by Comrade Pogal, who, In his opening
remarks, pointed out the folly of th'
workers expecting any relief from any
but their own claps organizations.
t'Ogal Is a labor unionist of many
years standing, and his knowledge of
industrial conditions, together with his
revolutionary political attitude, makes
him i. force to be reckoned with In
tl,   class struggle In this locality.
lu fretting his subject, Desmond
brought out the fact that it is not
drink that causes poverty among the
workers. "Even if you do spend
some of your money on drink, you are
poor anyway, even if you kept all
your money you would still be poor."
Desmond dealt with the cause of the
poverty of the workers, the class ownership of the means of production, and
also showed the remedy.
Although thtie meetings were well
advertised, the   attendance   was,   as
usual, "small, but interested." More
interested than usual, to judge by the
sales of books and literature of all
kinds. Tbe zero weather, coupled with
the fear of the boss, caused the small
crowd. Our previous propaganda and
vigorous pushing of literature, caused
the big sales of printed matter.
W. D.
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter   (with    necessary'    supplies to start Local)  ¥5.00
Membership  Cards,  each    01
Dues Stamps, each J-1-
Platform  and   application   blank
per 100  25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 60
Ditto In Ukrainian, per 100 50
Ditto ln Italian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each 	
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen
Expert comments on the causes of
luncay contained ln the annual report
of the Lancashire Asylums Board are
given an additional significance by the
alarming increase in lunacy ln the
county, the five Lancashire asylums
having their accommodation taxed to
the utmost.
One of the most'striking passages in
the reports of the medical superintendents at t*he respective asylums is the
statement of Dr. Frank Perclval, superintendent of Prestwlch Asylum.
There are few things, he says, that
have not been named at one time or
another as a cause of Insanity, from
changes in the moon down to pervert
ed ideas of religion. But the actual
conditions at present existing eondu
clve to the production of weaklings
subject to Insanity are not far to Beek
"This country and others have become dominated by a system of commercialism by which wealth and power
are so unevenly distributed that for
thousands of persons permission to
live, even on the borders of starvation, is only granted upon conditions
of labor to which the lot of the old
negro slave was princely. The greatness of a nation now is judged by the
amount of its exports and imports
rather than by the happiness and welfare of its people. And so we have
little children working in the factories,
and women, to get back to work, neglecting their duties of motherhood.
"The inevitable result is the production of a large proportion of candidate's for the asylums." Dr. Perceval
adds that he feels convinced that poverty is the great cause of alcoholic Intemperance.
Dr. Gommel, superintendent of Whit-
tlngliam Asylum, says that it may be
stated in general terms that many
criminals belong to the degenerate
and mentally defective class, and are
often Insane when convicted, and for
this reason a medical examination of
certain types of prisoners, more especially habitual offenders, Bhould always be made as a matter of routine.
—Wolverhampton Chronicle.
The reformers and sympathizers wonder why we stand for our complete
freedom from the economic chains
which bind us. They seem to think
all our agitation should be centred on
getting the workers educated up to
the point of begging from their masters a few palliatives which they think
will go towards benefiting them permanently. It Is greatly to the disadvantage of all revolutionary Socialists
that these pests should meddle with
the movement at all. Our attention
has got to be concentrated on the
workers, we have got to show them
that just so long as they are forced
to sell their labor power for wages,
their position in society cannot be Improved to any great extent, and
whether they sell that labor power
for eight or ten hours a day they wlll
still face that everlasting struggle for
existence which is becoming more
acute in the same ratio that the machine gets more productive.
Apparently the reformers who are
members of the Socialist party do not
attach any significance to the platform which they sign before being allowed to become dues-paying members,
either that, or else after getting over
the excitement ot joining the Party
they realize that the platform Is not
to their liking, and straightway commence scheming and bringing disruption among the ranks of the members
by their agitation for a long platform
with a string of catch-vote reforms.
The most surprising part of the business is that these reformers and sentimentalists don't start an Independent
labor party of their own; that ls the
only logical place for them. I will
attempt to Increase their membership
by forwarding them the names of one
or two traitor reformers fom this district, who will advocate any old reform providing they can get a following.
Well, boys, I suppose It had to be,
so let us get it over. We would be
told to go and sit down unless we were
up to date like the other countries,
with their reformationlsts. But we
who recognize the fallacy of reforms
have no time to waste; too long have
we watched our own flesh and blood
ground into profits for the benefit of
a parasitic class; for years we have
stood by and seen members of our own
class sink to an early death under this
mad struggle for existence. At last,
we are beginning to realize all this
and for that reason refuse to beg for
anything from the ruling class. We
refuse to whine for an eight-hour day,
old age pension, or any of their reforestation schemes; none of these reforms will stop the robbery of the
workers which ls the cause for which
we are organized.
Of what use is an eight-hour day to
us if we still leave it In the hands of
our employers to speed us up two or
three more miles an hour? How much
can be said in favor of old age pensions when we are pushed to an early
(Jeath by the grinding toil in the sweatshops and mines? How much ought
we to be thankful for when, after creating values all our useful life we are
rewarded with the princely sum of
about one dollar and twenty-five cents
per week, so that we can indulge in
all the working class luxuries, namely,
a ham bone, bread, and a drink of pure
rye water.
Then, in regard to the reforestation
Bchemes, what problem are they Intended to solve? The unemployed
problem? Not on your life! It ls easily to be seen that no matter If our
earthly saviours intended to reforest
the whole world there would stlil he
unemployed at the factories to keep
us ln our places, we would only do
harm to ourselves by underatlng the
strength of therullng class, they would
make pretty certain that there was suf-
flcent surplus of labor power lying
around before they undertook any of
those kind of schemes. Our employers are well aware that the unemployed are just as esentlal for the continuation of this system, as his Satanic Majesty is to our theologians.
Another plank that our reformers
would, no doubt, append to their plat
form and then flatter themselves that
they had at last done something for
the benefit of the workers, would be
that great vote-catching plank entitled,
"Exclusion of Asiatics," they evidently
falling to notice that it makes no difference whether the Asiatics come
here to compete with us, or stay in
the land of their birth and produce
there and avail themselves of the fine
transportation service and ship their
finished product here to do the com-
leting. The only difference there can
be is the fact that we would not be
bothered by their presence, that ls, If
you regard that as bothersome.
All reformist schemes all over the
world have been found wanting, and
equally so have the advocates of reforms been found to fall shy when the
time arrived for them to stand pat.
They have one ambition, seemingly,
that is to get a big following and elevate themselves on a pedestal.
We Socialists who understand why
that we signed a revolutionary platform are concerned with one thing,
that ls the ending of this wage system
under which is cloaked the robbery of
the workers. We have a beacon ahead
of ua on which is written the word
Socialism, and from which we refuse
to be sidetracked by any promises
coming from the mouthpieces of our
robbers. We wlll not be contented
until we have destroyed the last remnant of this decaying capitalist chaos
and ushered ln the co-operative commonwealth.
Not only have we our own propaganda, but we have great economic
forces working with us.   Already we
i signs of this system tottering;
every week Its foundation is being undermined and rumbling noises are
heard which denote an earthquake.
Are we ready for lt? That Is the point.
Or are we to be carried along with it
and hurled into, a state of Industrial
despotism? Remember that Socialism
ls not Inevitable because this capitalist system is doomed. Socialism will
only come If we take It, and by pandering to any patchwork tactics on this
system we cannot be ready ln time.
That ls why we stand for the total abolition of wage slavery. We intend to
use during our march onwards a red
flag with no streaks of yellow on. it.
So choose your side.
It's all settled. All settled. Nothing
more to do. Just wait and watch developments.
For we're going to boycott meat.
The prices are too blamed high. It is
a holy wonder that the merchants' consciences don't trouble them when they
charge such "exorbitant" prices for
meat. (One time I ate too much meat,
and my stomach—not my conscience—
troubled me for a week.)
But we're going to quit buying meat.
From now on until the boycott is removed, by order of the New York
American, no more meat for ours.
Of course, I don't mean the working class. They always boycott meat.
They never eat cow meat or pig meat.
Canned horse meat, cow's liver, wildcat stew, or skunk broth is good
enough for them. And that's all they'll
get as long as capitalism lasts. They
deserve It. If they wanted anything
better, they'd vote for It.       v
But the capitalists (at least that
part of them with the "big head, and
nothing in lt") are going to stop.
Yes, sir. No more "sow belly" for
them. Long enough have they been
robbed as consumers (ain't that right,
Ernest?). The great majority of capitalists have for ages paid tribute to
that small number engaged ln the
meat business. Besides, the greedy
farmers are getting rich on It. They
are buying automobiles and riding to
town, sandwiched in between a law-
breaking chauffeur and a barrel of
"Is lt right?" ask the unhappy captains of industry, "is it just that we
should spend our days In useful labor
(working the workers) and then be
robbed by these Reubens?"
Is it right ? The Salvation Army can
answer, not us. What do we care?
Let them sell the meat for five dollars
a pound If they can (and the greedy
devils would do it quickly enough).
We lose nothing. As the Scotchman
says, "All that's coming to us is the
price of our stall and fodder," so we
have nothing to lose—but our chains,
and God knows they're not unkind
enough to take them from us. We
don't care whether the rent of the
manger or the selling price of the
oats is much or little, lt makes a difference to our masters, as individuals,
but not to us. They can't rob US as
consumers; they can't get blood out of
a turnip.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
""""      Union-made Cigars. . „ _.'.!
aitmm,,* ji lit  *»*"' f**
' CMIU.f.
Which Stands for *a Living Wage
Vancouver Local357.
All the New York dally papers (but
the Call), and all the Chicago daily
papers (but the Socialist) are turning
out news items and "red-hot" editorials by the gallon, and all about the
price of meat. What should they
care? They are as safe as the rest
of us. Hot air is a commodity just
the same as labor-power. And the
capitalist p»ess throughout the United
States and Canada (clear down to the
tail-ender at Moncton) joins ln in the
chorus. "Unite," is their motto,
"unite, and force, the merchant pirates
to reduce their price; refuse to buy
meat of any kind till the boycott has
had its effect."   It is to laugh.
Energetic fools are tramping the
streets with a pledge half a mile long,
persuading people who don't know any
better to promise not to buy the flesh
of any bird, beast or fish.
And we feel Just a little sorry for
the capitalists, especially the she-robbers among them. Mrs. John Jacob
Astor, for Instance. (It used to be
Mrs. John Jacob Astor, but since the
five-minute divorce, it's Mrs. John
Jacob Something-else.) Well, Mrs.
John Jacob Somebody,—to think that
she can eat no more dellclously roasted and deferentially served turkey, till
the boycott is removed. And Hetty
Green, the richest women (beg pardon, lady) In the world. And Miss
Anne Morgan, of striking shirtwaist
makers fame. And Mrs. Evelyn Nesbtt
Thaw. And Alice Roosevelt Long-
worth. They'll all have to sacrifice
their sirloin steak and tenderloin steak
and all other "—loin steaks." And
what can they eat ln the place of It?
Perhaps Mrs. Thaw can live on love,
but there's some doubt about the rest
of the clique. They'll have to eat
something. Will it be some of Charlie
Post's products. (If Jim Jeffries quits
drinking beef tea, he might try "Pos-
tum." ' We will guarantee lt to secure
the championship to the negro race
forever and anon.)
But to return to the "ladles." How
about Post Toastles," made out ot
peanut shells and other things? Tastes
quite a bit like hay (but WE have to
eat horse meat, and that's made out of
bay). Or, better still, "Grape Nuts."
"There's a reason." Let Post exploit
you sb consumers, ladles. See it you
can't reduce the price of meat and
boost the price of Gripe Nuts. How
would Evelyn Nesbit Thaw and her
class like to give up tenderloin steaks
for granulated fence stakes (commonly called "Grape Nuts).
The society ladies, now that they
can't eat meat, will have nothing to
amuse themselves with but their children (the aristocratic cats and dogs)
and gossip, divorce news, etc. But
that's what they like, anyway. They
can stand lt for a while. It is only
a little martyrdom, and all for the
cause. Isn't it worth while to starve
themselves a few months in order to
get meat dirt cheap next fall?
William Howard Taft ls another guy
who wtll suffer as a result of the prohibition of meat. Taft, it will be remembered, was elected president of
the Standard Oil company's real estate
department at the meeting of the
shareholders' last Republican convention. Taft can't ea . pork now, because
cannibalism is agin' the law—and the
boycott on meat will probably cause
him to lose another ton In weight.
Since his accession to the throne, Taft
has given up boozing and has joined
the W. C. T. U.   (Poor Bill!)
But to think that Back-from-Elba
Roosevelt will have to quit eating
meat! Too bad, too bad. "This was
the most unkindest cut of all." He
has spent a year in the wilds of
Africa, protected by a hundred armed
niggers, and has shot 9,999 elephants,
hippopotamuses, riilnosceroses, etc.,
after they had been killed by the obliging natives. (Later a man was sacri
ftced in a fight with a wild beast in
order to satisfy Theodore's lust for
human blood.) But all for nothing.
He cannot enjoy his summer by walking every day (per Pullman car) from
New York to Oyster Bay, and sitting
down to a magnificent feast of his half
brother, the murdered monkey, and his
first cousin, the baby elephant. All
his time wasted. Unfortunate trust
buster. Roosevelt will have to amuse
himself by moans of his harmless and
elevating pastime of shooting flying
Spaniards In the back.
No more fish for Catholics on Friday (for fish is meat). If that will
send them to purgatory, they'll have to
spend eternity there. The orthodox
.lews have done right in prohibiting
the eating of pork. Good! Better go
a step further and include mutton and
horse meat in the list.
.No more turkey as a Christinas gift
from your benevolent employer. No
more lobster for millionaires. No
more sliced dog for the workers. No
piore fly soup for the boarders at the
bum hotel.
If the boycott Is successful (whicli it
won't be nnd can't he), the result—
The masters will still exist, the slaves
will still exist, the capitalist system
will Mill cure the earth with its presence, the standard of living for the
Working class will he slightly reduced,
more bread will be substituted for
liver, heart and kidneys, the  worker
will be exploited just the same, only
more so.
Hurrah for the boycott,
JCere and^ow
By ••
In order to overcome as much as
possible the usual lying reports of the
doings of the Opposition at Victoria,
hich are just now being circulated
the capitalist press, it is up to
every Local to wake up to its opportunities, and by a widespread circulation of the Clarion to pave the way for
early victory for the slave class. Make
your future work easier by doing a
tittle now.
*   *   *
Comrade Jas. Garden, Standoff, Alta.,
while renewing his sub., writes us as
follows:    "I cannot speak too highly
your paper. It gives me great pleasure to read it, and I always give my
copy away after I have read it, hoping
*' wlll help along the good cause."
The registrar of voters wants to see
.   •   »
Nelson loses no time ln sending In
Its quota of subscribers that were, donated by tbe W. F. of M. mentioned in
last Issue, per Comrade Frank Phillips.
Local Berlin pays up for bundle.
• •   •
"The unpatriotic Irishman," Revel-
stowe, B. C, drops ln with a pair.
• •   •
And Comrade J. Harrington makes
three undesirables put up tor the dope.
.   •   •
With a promise ot more-a-comln',
Comrade Albert GUI, Moyie, B. C,
rustles three more readers, two for
Moyie and one for Cranbrook.
• •   •
Don't forget that the Clarion's existence depends on the receipts from
new subs. Get Is line with the following comrades and send in a single
to keep the pot boiling.
.   »   •
R. Towarystwo, Phoenix, B. C.j Bernard Rosoman, Enderby, B. C; R. A.
Chamberlin, Deep Creek, B. C; Archibald Hogg, Halls Prairie, B. C; G.
Pratt, Vancouver, B. C.J G. Brown,
Vancouver, B. C; H. C. Bartlett, Fitch-
burg, Mass., U.S.A.; R. W. Northey,
Olalla, B. C; F. J. Parkes, Revelstoke,
B. O.J J. H. Matthews, Nelson, B. C;
J. Gemmell, Hillcrest, B. C.J J. Cunningham, Guelpb, Out.; H. Colling-
wood. North Battleford, Sask.; MaryC.
Cavin, Victoria, B. O.J Walter E. Had-
den, Grand Forks, B. C; T. H. Dunne,
Arrowhead, B. C.j James Young, Nanaimo, B. O.'J E. Welsby, Vancouver,
B. G, and Tordlff, Lestor, McVety and
• .   •
A preacher in a nearby state was
obliged to give up his pulpit, having
been charged with too much familiarity with several of his young lsdy parishioners. He was bitterly opposed
to Socialism.
»   •   •
The cheers which last November accompanied every reference to "Our
Prosperity" have now given place to
a cringing appeal for the abolition of
the poll tax. Prosperity, which kicks
at a paltry tax of something less than
one cent a day, is as real as British
liberty.   '
If the number on your address slip
Is 567 your sub. runs out next week.
The British workman is about as
wise now to the cause of his poverty
as he was before the elections, thanks
to  the  practical   (?)     Socialists    of
.   «   •
Tariff reformers do not explain how
they are going to make the foreigners
"pay for it" by shutting out his goods.
Guess the idea of owning the meat
trust  never strikes  those  silly meat
The Increased cost of living Is not
due to Halley's comet or spots on the
sun, but to the enormous production
of gold which causes It to fall In value
aa compared with other commodities.
Investigating committees please note.
• . •
In a local paper recently appears
an announcement of the dedication ot
two new churches in Vancouver, and
almost in the same paragraph is a
request from the chief of police for an
increase in the force.
Wc solicL the business of Manufacturer-*,
Hngineerannd othera who realize theadviiabi!-
ity of having their Fa tent business transacted
1-y Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charge*
moderate. Our Inventor'* AdvUer aeutuc-on
request Marion A Miirion, New York Life Bldg,
Montreal i ■ nd Washington. i>,c, V.S.A-
Teacher Wanted
Male or female. First or second class professional certificate,
for the Beaupre School District 850
Apply stating salary, experience,
references, etc. lo
W. Mackay
Onoway, Alberta. tvol wismrjf
A Busy Week in
Th*» Lsw-
(Continued from Page 1)
down all evidence and inquiries would
be prolonged for weeks. They should
not forget that there was a Jury of
the common people of the same class
as the sufferers. The inquiries must
be left ln the hands of the presiding
officers, and if necessary the department of justice could act on his report.
Inquests were not held for the purpose
of eliciting evidence to be used ln a
civil suit for damages.
The amendment was then defeated
and the attorney general's amendment
to the Act pased third reading.
Hawthornthwaite's amendment was
supported by himself, Williams and
Jardine, only Brewster voting with the
Government against it. This being the
first division of the session it excited
considerable attention, and remarks
were passed to the effect that it was
an awkward fact for the Government
tbat lt should be on a labor measure,
earnestly desired by organized labor
all over the Province.
It would be interesting to ascertain
what -the working class voters of
Grand Forks think of the action of the
man they have sent back in the place
of John Mclnnls, in voting with the
Government on this matter so vital to
their iterests, and also what they think
' in Cranbrook of their "Conservative-
Labor" spokesman," Cavin in his similar action. Both sat as dumb as the
proverbial oyster throughout the debate and never raised even a mild protest against the action of the Government in refusing to allow such a provision for ordinary decency in the
methods of inquiry into the fearfully
frequent and horrible deaths of members ot our class. Corporation tools
they have sent to Parliament and they
are doing their duty as such, and who
is to blame but the voters? It is to be
hoped that before this session is finished the workers of these two ridings
wlll have so much reason to regret the
return of these two capitalist flunkeys
that they will never again commit the
same mistake.
It is necessary to ask them how they
think Jack Mclnnis and Fitch of Moyie would have voted on this amendment? If not, then who can understand the process of their minds
which led them to send these two
agents of their masters to Victoria?
Do they never think of those dependent on them? Let them think of
how this amendment will affect their
wives and children if they are killed.
Tuesday, February 1st.
As space in the Clarion will not
permit of anything like a full report
of the Socialist members speeches in
.what promises to be a very busy session for them, all that Is possible
to present here is the matter that the
capitalist press do not consider advisable to print. A comprehensive summary of the occurrences day by day,
as brief as possible, is what will be
aimed at, although at times it maybe
advisable to cut even that out and
give as full a report of our members'
speeches as possible on ocasions when
class lines are sharply drawn, as in
the debate on the Coronors' Act and
Factories Act. On such occasions
readers may find that only one or two
days proceedings In the week will be
dealt with, and will have to rely on
the capitalist pres to get an idea of
what has happened in the interval.
They will not be far wrong if they
assume that both capitalist parties are
speaking the truth when they accuse
each other of corrupt practices, and
deliberate deception.
Most of the afternoon session was
occupied by the second reading of the
Public Schools Act.    Brewster  (Lib.)
criticised the Bill and McBride made
a lengthy reply,   folowed   by   Parker
Williams, who objected to the provision for manual training on tbe grounds
that it was the answer of the employers to the action of the trades unions
in limiting the number of apprentices,
and that the school agenda was  already   sufficiently   crowded   for   the
brief time the children were able to
continue at their studies.   If the government were going to increase the
curriculum, the school age should be
raised from 14 to 15 or 16.   He again
bitterly denounced the government for
their  treatment  of  rural  schools   in
using them as mere training grounds,
or  really experimenting grounds for
school  teachers,  to the  great  disadvantage of the children.   He traversed
again the line of argument he had used
in the debate on the address, with increased  bitterness, pointing out that
Janitor, constables, attendants in the
lunatic asylum, and horse doctors were
paid better by the government than
those   entrusted with the education of
the farmers' children.   Even Dr. Robinson, the superintendent of education,
who was supposed to know all about
the children'* education, received "150
per month less than Mr. Babcock, who
was supposed to know all about salmon. Hf- advocated the progressive
increase of salary if earned by efficiency and experience, as in the Civil
Service, as the best method to induce
good teachers to stop in the rural districts. Until those same districts had
the same educational advantages as
the towns, the settlers would continue
to drift to the cities.
The amendment to the act dealing
with the appointment of notaries public brought down by the Attorney-
General, was fought In Committee by
the combined Opposition. At present
the appointments are In the hands of
the provincial judges, who are themselves appointed by the Dominion
Government. Bowser, continuing the
process of building up the Conservative political machine which he has
pursued since he flrst ocupied the
office of Attorney-General, by centralizing all opportunities of distributing
political patronage under hs own hand,
proposed to take the power of appointment away from the judges, and put
it where he could handle It.
Brewster opposed the Bill, and was
followed by Hawthornthwaite, who
said that neither the member for Alberni nor yet the premier had disclosed the real motives underlying respectively, their objection and their advocacy of this bill; in the case of Mr.
Brewster, the county judges were as a
rule appointees of the Dominion government, which is Liberal; while the
Attorney-General naturally preferred
that the appointments should be ln
the gift of the Conservatives. So far
as the Opposition was concerned, it
made no difference how appointments
were made so long as they were removed as far as possible from the
arena of politics, and the therefore
moved, as an amendment, that applicants for appointment as notaries public should be required to pass an examination before the civil service commission.
The Socalist arguments against the
Bill were summarized in.     '
Parker Williams' Criticism.
The member for Newcastle said he
perfectly understood how these conditions came about, and the original
conditions were better than any changes that had been made. The appointments were made by Dominion Government through the judges and the two
governments did not love each other.
If the judges had granted certificates
to incompetent men they were unsafe
men to handle important business. The
Attorney-General had brought a grave
charge against the judges when he
said that.
The statement was made that the
judges made inquiry into the character of the candidates. If the appointments were put into the Attorney-General's hands they would certainly fall
into capable hands, If the election
card that had been produced by Brewster was to he taken as a sample of
the process of inquiring into the character of an individual. No supporter of
the government would believe them if
they protested that it was impossible
to ascertain the politics of applicants
or that they would deal with it from
a non-political standpoint. If the antics of the government during the last
election could be published they would
hear no more of the justification of a
big majority for the things they had
done. All departments of administration that could not be led into the
Attorney-General's office were going to
the Lieutenant Governor in Couhcil. It
had happened in the licensing business
and now they had lt here. It was the
process of moulding all the public departments into the Conservative machine.   The Bill then passed.
Wednesday, February, 2nd, 1910.
Public Schools Act.
Hayward (Con.) said he had been
under the impression that the education policy was for the benefit of the
scholar, but from the speeches of the
opposition one would judge It was for
the sole benefit of the teachers. To
overcome the difficulty of obtaining
competent teachers for the rural
schools he would not raise the salaries,
but would offer temporary certificates
to teachers from Great Britain who
held first-class certificates.
Hawthornthwaite (8.) denied that
such action would remove the difficulty. He went on to refer to the great
strides that had been made in Europe
in all branches of education, particularly In Germany, and he laid stress on
the fact that the advances of Socialist thought ln that country was co-Incident with the spread of education,
until now they mustered over 3,000,-
000 votes out of a total of 7,000,000.
Reverting to Hayward's proposal to
Import cheaper teachers, he said it
would only cheapen the price of a
brand of labor-power that was already
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening;, 8 o'clock
City Hall
-CD;. 'I ,
Vancouver B. C.
I********** Mk-kH*HHaHs^k*BBaaHHkanBIIIMHB*a*M
.too cheap. ..Why<dld-her*wt'^*---*-l---«^-^.stn,ggje-.
and ask the government to bring in
Chinese to  teach,  who would  do  lt
cheaper still?
The curriculum of the schools should
take in economics, art and music, and
the glorification of Kings, Queens and
slaughter should be eliminated.
The second reading carried unopposed.
( Bowser "Puts The Boots" To Labor.)
Chapter 15 of the statutes of 1908
is hereby amended by inserting after
section 48 the following section:
48a—The Inspector during his tenure of office, shall not be competent to
give testimony in any civil cause, matter or proceeding with regard to anything which, he has seen or done, or
with regard to any information he has
obtained, opinion he has formed, or ip.
vestigatlon he has made ln the discharge, of his duties as Inspector; and
during said tenure of office he shall not
be competent to give testimony In any
civil cause, matter or proceeding as
an expert witness with regard to any
subject or matter whatsoever."
The above amendment to the Factories Act passed in 1909 was brought before the House for second reading this
afternoon by the Attorney-General,
Hawthornthwaite objected to the
Bill in every shape and form. It was
impossible to remedy it. They had
heard the Attorney-General that afternoon state that by the request of the
Trades and Labor Counicl in Vancouver he had appointed an Inspector and
now he proposed to muzzle him. What
objection was there to the Act? The
House had passed the Workmens' Compensation Act, giving the dependents
ot those killed or injured compensation
to the extant of $1,500, when it had
been an accident and not a breach of
common law involved. In some cases
this compensation was insufficient, as
for example in the disaster at Extension where $1,500 could not be called
adequate compensation for a widow
with a family of children to provide-
for. In an action under common law
the relations could get. compensation of
000 or $10,000, but It was necessary
to show a breach of the law. This Bill
would prevent relations obtaining compensation. If they passed it they went
right back on the Workmen's Compensation Act. These applications for
damages were a nuisance to employers,
and they wanted the Act wiped out.
They could not do that—the government dared not do it, but they were
trying to preevnt actions for compensation under common law, and this Bill
if passed, would add difficulty to relatives or victims applying for compensation. Where was the equity and
justice of it? In what other portion
of the British Empire had this step
been taken? Why should they exempt
inspectors from ordinary duties of the
sort? Why should they not be allowed
to give evidence as to the truth? It
was a most extraordinary position to
take and he would vote against it.
Hawthornthwaite then insisted on a
division, McBride being obviously unwilling, and the second reading passed
on a straight Party vote, the Socialists
and Liberals vting against it.
Conservotives absent: McDonald,
Shatford, McPhilips, Thomson, MeGuire, Young.
Apologists for the present order of
society are fond of accusing the Socialists of fomenting class-hatred.   In
this best of all possible worlds, affairs
are gradually evolving   to   a   higher
plane, in thought, in charity, fellow-
feeling, and the sense of each man's
being his brother's keeper is gaining
recognition.    Those who point to the
other side of the case and seek to
probe deep are, if sincere, but defeating their own ends by arousing a feeling of resent ment against a condition ot affairs that if left alone, will
disappear in the process of a general
moral uplift.    The agitator, who insists that  all  history proves governments to be but the tools of the class
who possess all the means of social
activity in the production of wealth,
and that it  does not shrink  at any
means   to   ensure   their  undisturbed
possession of their advantage, is deliberately and  mischievously disturbing the tendency towards the adjustment of social Ills, and should be punished, or if that is not advisable ostracised  In   the  press,  and excluded
from the peaceful Eden of the "best"
people.   Such are the theories of those
good people who, because their God is
in his heaven,  say that all is  well
with the world.
Those others, unknown, largely unheard, who toll and die in the industrial hells outside that peaceful Eden,
have no theories about the moral uplift, hlghmlndedness, and all the rest
of the fine sounding phrases. They
are up against the facts. Exploited
and tortured, maimed, killed, degraded
physically and mentally, crucified on
the cross of exploitation from youth
to old age, lt ls Impossible for them
long to retain false teachings. They
see too many facts In their, daily
lives that prove things are not developing along that line. It would be impossible for any worker with an ounce
of red blood ln his veins to attend the
sittings of this legislature and watch
the process by wheh he and hlB class
are being rapidly Btrlpped of the concessions they have wrung from their I
masters  by   long  years  of  agitation Ito the consolidated revenue fund, and
■n-  . i-"'. <•■   ■ "t
- To-B-triii-tlt-e-gaHeries
and hear his representative voicing his
needs, fighting every inch of ground,
In the face of overwhelming odds, and
then to watch the cold indifference
of the capitalist henchmen to the arguments they cannot answer, the pitiless use of their majority to enforce
the demands of the profit-mongers
whose tools they are, it would be Impossible to look on at all that without
contracting a deep, abiding, and growing sense of hatred towards that class
and all its institutions.
Thursday, February 3rd, 1910.
The Act to amend the Notaries Appointment Act passed Third Reading.
An Act to Amend the Assessment
Act 1903 was moved for second reading
by the Attorney-General, who referred
to it as the fullfillment of promises
made by the Premier during the campaign.
The Socialist Party have for years
been advocating the abolition of the
poll tax of $3 yearly, on the ground
that the time had passed when there
was any excuse for it, and in view of
the large surplus accruing to the government this year had again referred
to it and forced it upon the attention
of the government.
Attorney-General Bowser, went into
lt at some length and proved to his
own satisfaction, if not to that of the
workers of the Province, that the
government could not afford to lose it.
He admitted that there was no scientific reason for thi tax, and the government would do away with it if possible
but it was peculiarly adapted to the
conditions of this country. They had
a large floating population coming and
going all the tim?, who received the
benefit of the roads, trails, etc., and
lt was only right that they should
not escape paying for the use of
those facilities. It had been suggested
that it should only apply to Orientals.
In round numbers there were 10,000
Chinese, 6,000 Japs, and 3,000 Hindoos in the Privince, a total of 19,000.
From that they would have to deduct
forty per cent as exemptions (women,
children and old men), leaving a taxable number of about 11,400, and out
of that number some could not be
reached. The greatest possible estimates of returns from that source did
not exceed $26,163. The present receipts from the poll tax amounted to
$200,000 and more, which was too
much to lose.
Referring to the complaints made by
Parker Williams as to unfair assessments, he said that last year the assessors sent out by him had met and
compared notes as to the methods they
used in respective districts, and he had
arranged that they should continue to
do so, to avoid repetition of those complaints.
Parker Williams, criticising the Bill,
Said that the Attorney-General had demonstrated to his own satisfaction that
the changes he had made were of a
fair character, but he (P. W.) did nol
see  it that  way    The  Attorney-General   had   twice . asked   the   House
to   consider   what   these    reductions
in    taxation   meant.  He (Parker Williams) thought it meant, that the Attorney General was in close touch with
the owners of large incomes than with
the  owners  of the small  one.    The
methods of ascertaining the incomes
of. the different  classes  differed.    If
they wanted to find out the incomes of
the employees of large corporations,
they only had to ask to see the corporations payroll  (the only occasion
on which they ever seemed  able to
get a look Into these concerns' books,
by the way), and then they rubbed
lt ln.   To the big man they go with
hat in hand and ask him if he will
please give then a few particulars as
to his Income.   They had a saying in
the United States that more people go
to a hotter climate than this by pe.
jury as to their liability to taxes than
by any other route, and he saw no
reason to doubt that the Canadian capitalist averaged  up  the  same.    The
richest people did not always pay on
their real  income, but if a working
man  was fortunate to cross the ex
emption line the government got the
facts from his employer.    The Attorney-General had said   that   the   Bill
placed  the  taxation on  an  equitable
basis, but that had been said eve.y
year for the past seven years, and they
now proceeded to amend it It only went
to show that they were as fallible as
ordinary men.
As to the Poll Tax. .The attorney-
general's reference to the poll tax had
shown that he was completely out of
touch with the political economy of
capitalism. If, in a mill employing
100 men, the wages were too small to
allow of the accumulation of property, where would the taxes they collected there come from—from the sky
or from the men? It the worker paid
no taxes, lt was because he was
skinned too close. He was the one
and only man, and his class was the
only class, that ln the long run, produced all the taxes. The attorney-
general had exposed the weakness of
his position when lie said that the
poll tax was an aid to education. That
was the excuse provided for all objectionable taxes, and they used It
to gain their end when there was no
other way. Ho (P.W.) asserted that
lt went to maintain the attorney-general's department.   It was dropped ln-
H would pu-jsle- anyone to piek out a
poll tax dollar out of 100 just like it.
Nothing in the Bill affected the municipalities nor afforded them any relief.
In conclusion, he declared himself
in favor of the wiping out of all direct
The debate was adjourned by Hawthornthwaite.
Medical inspection of School Children.
The House spent the balance of the
silting considering the details of this
Bill. Hawthornthwaite endeavored to
have an amendment made to Clause 4
of the Bill that allows the Provincial
board of health to appoint inspectors
in certain contingencies who are not
duly qualified medical practitioners.
He reiterated the expressions of approval of the Bill expressed by the
Socialist Party on the second reading
and their desire to see it carried out,
and this was the only clause to which
they took exception. It the children
were to be examined as to physical
and mental defects, how could it be
done by other than qualified men?
British Columoia was unfortunately
the dumping ground for medical students who had finished their hospital
course, and care needed to be taken
to secure competent men for the positions.
The Provincial Secretary replied
that the clause was necessary to meet
the exigencies of the case in British
Columbia. It would allow health officers to have trained nurses to look
after girl pupils, etc. The officers of
the board of health had always performed their duties satisfactorily. He
could not accept the amendment.
Hawthornthwaite replied that his
point had not been touched. The
duties of the inspector as outlined In
the next clause—to find out the general health of the children and report
on the same to the board of trustees-
should be, and were, the duties of a
qualified medical man. He insisted, in
the interests of the children, that none
other should be employed. There
could be no more Important duty than
that. No suitable reason had been
advanced for the rejection of the
As the provincial secretary refused
lo be convinced, the member for Nanaimo returned to the charge, and
without acrimony, insisted that the
clause exposed the children, especially
in rural distrfcts, to grave risks. As a
medical man, the provincial secretary
could surely realize that. He asked
that the section be allowed to stand
over so that the members could consider it, and deal with it later in the
afternoon, to which consent was given.
Still At It.
Hawthornthwaite again drew attention to the danger of allowing any hut
first-class men examining children for
defective eyesight, hearing, throat and
teeth, as outlined in Clause 6. This
should be the work of specialists. In
view of the growing tendency to use
the knife, there was a danger that
some would take the opportunity to
use a free hand.' The child should be
protected -ryom experiment to the last
possible degree. Children often recover from physical defects without
operation. All these matters deserved
serious consideration, and he asked
that further consideration of the Bill
be postponed to allow the parents an
opportunity to discuss it with their
The premier said he could not assent to that, and critlcizedgthe stand
taken by Hawthornthwaite.
Parker Williams considered the Bill
the best that the government had
brought down, but he feared that the
rural districts would get the worst end
of the deal as they usually did, and
that was the reason he would support
the amendment. If the department officials were to be allowed to do the
"best they could," the best they did
for rural districts would not be as good
as the best in the cities or settled
districts. Expense was not considered
in capturing a "whisky Indlsn." If
they allowed the Bill to stand over, lt
would become better known and more
Hawthornthwaite said that lt was the
most Important Bill that would be
dealt with that session, not excepting
the Railway Bill, and the Socialist
Party knew their duty to the children
and would do it and do it well. Why
not select two or three thoroughly
competent men and send them through
SATURDAY,  FEBRUARY  12th,  1910.
the province  for    this    duty?    (Applause.)
Further consideration adjourned.
Friday, February 4th.
Bowser Introduced his Juvenile
Courts Bill, and Jardine and Brewster
led off in approval. For some minutes
the air was filled with "capitalist exploitation," "economic conditions,"
"environment," etc., etc., until McBride
looked dizzy.
Parker Williams said he was in
agreement with Jardine in a general
way. The Bill was an acknowledgement; that the type of social disease
that was eating the heart out of the
European countries and the Eastern
provinces and states was established
here. Many explanations had been
sought, but he thought that the real
reason was the failure of the boy to
discover any relation between what
he was taught in church and school,
and the conditions of the world when
he started out. There he found that
the possession of wealth alone determined the social standing of an individual. His mind rapidly loosens up
from his previous training and travels
In the opposite direction. That was
the crux of the matter. The prevalence of juvenile lawlessness might be
explained in another way as far as
Vancouver particularly was concerned.
There their chief progress was being
made by selling real estate (laughter), "and God help the man who gets
left, I. say." (Laughter.) The result
was that house rent had gone up enormously (in some cases $40 a month
for a house of 7 rooms), and the ordinary working class family had to
put a lodger.in every room, keep the
cellar and attic for themselves, and
let their children play on the streets,
which was not a good place, as a
rule, for training a child. The attor-.
ney-general had drawn such glowing
pictures of these juvenile courts that
they might be excused for thinking
that the best thing for a child to do
was to find his way there as quickly
as pdsslble. (Laughter.) The Bill was
necessary legislation, no doubt, but
it dealt with effects only, and the
cause was not affected, and they still
had that to contend with. Those
causes would continue with the same
results until the economic system was
radically changed. J. H. B.
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ought to know. By W. K. C.
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