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Western Clarion Oct 19, 1912

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In Spite of All Agreements Between Capitalists and
Workers, the Conflict of Interests Makes
Class War Inevitable.
If human society be divided into
tactions or classes, the material Interests of one conflicting with those of
another or others, it logically follows
that peace and harmony cannot dwell
within the confines of Buch society.
Every encroachment of one Interest
upon another Is bound to cause friction and ill-feeling that may easily develop Into open hostility that Ib quite
likely to express Itself ln violence and
even bloodshed.
That present society is divided Into
two hostile elements or classes it is
useless to deny. Upon the one hand
are the capitalists, masters of the resources of the earth and the gigantic
instruments of production, and upon
the other the workers, who own practically nothing but their power to
labor. The capitalists Cannot use
their meanB of production even to the
extent ot satisfying their own personal
needs as Individuals, but depend solely upon the workers to operate them
snd thus carry on the processes of industry and bring forth the needful
thingB. The laborers cannot use their
power to labor, in order to supply
themselves with the necessaries of
life, without first obtaining permission to do so from the capitalists. As
the power to labor cannot express itself in the things necessary to sustain the life of either capitalist or
'laborer except through the medium of
the means of production which the
capitalists own, it ts as plain as a
pikestaff that they hold the point oi
vantage in whatever negotiations may
occur between them. The former
holds the key to the situation and
can, therefore, at least to a very large
extent, dictate terms.
If an agreement be reached between
capitalists, and workmen and the
processes of industry be carried, on,
the interests of the one class will be
continually at variance with those ot
the other. The inteerst of either
demands the largest possible returns
from the industrial process. But lt
may be readily seen that the more
completely the interests of either
class ls conserved the more damaging
the result to the interests of the
other. The larger the amount of
wealth accruing to the capitalist, the
smaller the amount accruing to the
workers, and vice versa. No matter
bow large the profit of the capitalist
may be, he is ever on the alert to
increase it by hook or by crook. However large the wage of the worker
may be, he Ib equally eager to increase lt and will leave no stone unturned to do so. Every forward movement made by either of them in this
direction expresses itself in a corresponding loss to the other. The terms
capitalist and worker are used here
merely to designate the two classes,
and not ln an individual sense.
"Within the ranks of the capitalist
clasB there wlll arise numerous feuds
and factional quarrels over possession
of points of vantage that are peculiarly favorable for the conduct of capitalist operations. Within the ranks
of the working class will arise similar
quarrels over possession of points of
vantage ln the labor market. In the
first Instance they arise from the Inevitable tendency of capital to concentrate ln ever larger holdings by
the greater capitalists absorbing or
swallowing the smaller. In the latter
case they spring up as a consequence
of the equally inevitable tendency ot
the labor market to become ever more
completely overstocked and the conditions surrounding its victims, tbe
workers, consequently more unbearable.
However fiercely these factional
fights may be waged within the confines of either of ithese economic
classes; whatever savage instincts
may be aroused within the breasts of
the combatants; to whatever pitch
of fever their passions may be aroused in these internecine scrimmages,
it will be but as the calm of a summer noon-day in comparison with the
storm that will come when the capitalist class and working class clinch
in deadly combat, each In defense of
its economic Interest and class program. In this supreme struggle all
factional quarrels within the ranks
of either wlll sink into insignificance
and be forgotten and every resource
centered upon the coming forth victorious from the fray.
The class that ls vanquished must
perish, hence it will be "war to the
knife, the knife to the hilt," and no
Capitalist civilization is today a festering nuisance, reeking with the vile
stench arising from its own filth. It
is neither moral nor immoral. It is
absolutely unmoral. Based upon the
exploitation of labor, the sole purpose
of Its being ls to suck the blood of its
vlctoms to the last drop in order to
increase its vulgar display and obscene splendor. It has now passed
the point in its development where it
is possible for the working class to
live under it. They are perishing by
the thousands, crushed beneath the
iron wheels of the capitalist juggernaut. They are ground Into profit in
its mills, Its mines and factories. They
are sweated to death ln its tenement
workshlps. Their children's lives are
coined into dollars In Its factory hells.
Their daughters are lost ln Its red
light districts. Thousands of them,
men, women and children, rot away in
its infernal slums.
With the decay of the working class
capitalist civilization totters upon its
foundation and threatens to collapse.
But the working class wtll not give up
the Btruggle for life. The collapse or
capitalist civilization will come as a
result of the triumph of the working
class. The workers are recognizing
the State to be a ruling class instrument, devised and used tor the purpose of holding them ln economic subjection. It protects and defends the
present system of property in the
means of production which secures to
capital complete economic dominion
over labor. Without the State under
ItB control the capitalist class cannot
maintain its economic dominion over
the workers. The workers purpose to
seize control of the State in their own
behalf and turn this instrument of oppression and enslavement into a
means of deliverance from slavery.
With the working class victory in the
clasB Btruggle for control f the State,
capitalist civilization with its debasing wage slavery collapses to be succeeded by an era of "Peace, Labor and
Liberty," In which master and slave
shall be unknown and common decency may find an abiding place.
The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America and Its biennial convention held at Washington,
D. C, brande Oscar Straus, the Bull
Moose candidate for governor of New
York, as a scab herder and the delegates placed themselves on record as
opposed to members of the Carpenters being identified with the National Civic Federation.
The delegates discussed Socialism,
and after a heated debate the following resolution was adopted:
"Resolved, That lt should be one of
the objects of our organization to propagate among our members the abolishment of the present wage system and
the establishment of a co-operative
commonwealth, where the problem of
unemployment, with all accompanying
misery, will be banished from the human raco, and, further
"Resolved, That we recommend to
our members the study of social questions nt the meetings of their respective local unions."
The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners ot America has always been looked upon as one of the
most conservative labor organizations
no this continent, but the action taken
at the recent biennial convention
shows that the Carpenters are awakening from that long sleep, and are
openln gtheir eyes to the desperate
struggle that grows out of the hellish
profit system.
The Carpenters have discerned the
ulterior purposes of a National Civic
Federation and have taken such action as will make it impossible for an
official of this organization to attend
tbe annual feast and mingle with men
of the ilk of Straus, who has been denounced as a scab-herder.
The resolution adopted relative to
Socialism will make every local union of Carpenters a forum of discussion, and the interchange of thoughtB
and Ideas on questions that affect the
working class will do much towards
strengthening that sentiment, which,
when expressed at the ballot box by
the laboring millions, will sound the
death-knell of capitalism.—Miners'
Factories are closing down and the
railroad service has been reduced,
owing to the strike of the coal miners
ln Spain.
"When a man buys a farm he buys
a job." Too many of the "back to the
farm" fellows from the city size up
the situation from their viewpoint,
and Imagine that they are buying an
established business, which will practically run itself and yield a profitable
Income. They are merely "buying a
job," and it's a mighty sure job at
that; they wlll never flnd a time when
there Is nothing to do in the farm
factory. The city man, out of employment, goes to the man who has jobs
to give out, and applies for a position
—an opportunity to work for a daily
or a monthly wage. He enters the
employ of the man who controls the
jobs ln that particular plant, and so
long as there is work to be done, and
his work Is satisfactory, he receives
his wage, and the job is his. But he
doesn't own the job; the employer
owns all of the jobs all of the time,
and that is the reason why we have
a "labor market." The city man who
buys a farm buys a job as well as a
business. True, he controls or owns
his own Job, but at the same time he
must make the business of farming
pay or his job will get away from
We hear much these days about
profitable farming. The press talks
learnedly about farm profits; the independent life the farmer leads; how,
through the use of modern machinery,
the labor upon the farm has been minimized, etc., and the city man begins
to sit up and take notice. He subscribes for some high-class agricultural journals, and reads about the
wonderful transformation that has
been made on an abandoned farm
down in Jersey; he views the reconstructed house, looks longingly at the
shady bowers and winding lanes, as
they appear in the halftone engravings wnich illustrate the article. And
he buys a farm; lt is "back to the
farm" for this gentleman of the city.
He moves to his newly acquired po-
session and soon learns that he has
"bought a job." He finds that the pictures in the articles he reads were
true to life all right, but tbat the Improvements made were paid for with
money made in other channels than
farming. He soon realizes that he
must work on the Job every day; that
he must master both the scientific and
the business end of farming. The moment he turns his face toward the
fields he faces the problems of the
farm. He finds a thousand elements
to contend with. Viewed from any
angle, our city friend finds he has
THE     PAS3ING     OF     "GENERAL'
"Speak no Ul of the dead." We are
duly impressed with the weight of this
adage when, while nticing the unc-
tious chorus ot capitalistic platitudes
now being paid by sycophantic ruling-
class hirelings to the memory of one
who was a highly useful chloroforming tool in the hands of the hypocritically brutal master class, we wish
to say we are not joining in that
snivelling sacerdotal wail.
The "Starvation Army" is on a par
with the contemptible brain-stunting,
slaverlnduclng, manhood-destroying
Boy Scout Movement and other despicable-, master-class agencies, which
do such yeoman service in degrading the workers Into the stupid mass
of spineless slaves so necessary to
the continuation of the present worldwide, brutal, robbing capitalist system
of wealth production.
Whatever decent qualities General
Booth may have possessed as a man—
and we believe he had some—we
heartily accord him, but we have no
sympathy with the capitalistic nature
of his "army" and we hold its support
of the ruling-class ln the most profound and unutterable contempt. It
is one of the chief props of capitalism
and we despise lt accordingly. As to
the late remarkable General, "peace
to his ashes."
"bought a job." His living, his profit,
his success alone, depend upon the
energy, labor and business ability displayed in handling the "job" he has
Statistics gathered since the "back
to the farm" movement began, show
that about 90 per cent, of those who
leave the city for the farm remain less
than three years. No man can hire all
hiB work done and make farming pay.
The personal element is absolutely
necessary if success is desired. From
the Jbest statistics available, the average profits upon the farms of this
country are less than 5 per cent, on
the money invested. These statistics
prove that the business of farming ls
run on altogether too small a margin
for the inexperienced to make a success of the business. The fields look
Inviting from a distance, and the pastures are green, but the city man who
buys a farm, burns his bridges behind
him, and expects to make a livelihood,
as a farmer, is sure to finl that he
"bought a job," and not an established business with a sure income.—
The Gleaner.
This Last Great West Is surely the
country of surprises, Including, as it
does, the numerous attractions of
scenery, the vast army of real estate
sharks, jobless wage slaves, etc., and
the last, by the way, brought me my
greatest surprise.
Most of us who have been brought
up in those little old country, stick-in-
the-mud towns, will remember the
classes or castes the population ls divided Into. First, the local gentry,
squires, etc.; second tho doctors, sky
pilots and bo on; third, small shopkeepers and better class nrtisans, and,
lastly, the mudsills of society, the laboring class.
Now I, myself, was, and am yet, one
of these latter useful ornaments of
society and was consequently looked
down upon by the more or less useless
chumps on the higher rungs of the ladder of Buccess. Since emigrating to
"God's country," and getting wise to
myself generally, it has been a source
of considerable satisfaction to me
when, occasionally, I would find as a
companion working mule one who had
at some better period of his life lived
without soiling his hands.
Perchance it is wicked of me to feel
so, but It must be the natural spirit
of antagonism in me, anyway. While
recently on the scent of the owner of
a job which required a bright slave,
If such a thing exists, I almost collided at the door with a person "don-
cherknow," from my home town, who
at one time, for which no doubt, he
thanked God, he didn't have to work
with his hands, who, moreover, would
pass me by with a supercilious nod,
scorning me as the dirt under his feet.
Yet here we met in this glorious
West, the leveler of men's petty caste
lines, on a common footing. Two wage
slaves in pursuit of a job.
And he spoke to me, "Deuced nice,
you see, to meet some one who knew
him at 'ome," and he spoke to me us
an equal oh, wonderful event! It
seems like a dream. I can hardly realize it yet aB a fact,
I put this before you aB an idea.
I, natural rebel that I was, always inwardly considered myself as good as
he, through ECONOMIC necessity
he has got to the point of thinking
he is no better than I.
Truly this WeBt is a great maker ot
democracy, but a greater Is the capitalist system. It Is the one thing that
makes we slaves of either a high or
low status in society get together,
realize our common Interest as a class
producing all wealth, yet receiving a
stingy pittance.
The capitalist system, born of necessity which will In Its tern give birth
to a more advantageous order of society, made me a class-conscious man
by Its harsh treatment of me all these
The same system brought about my
fellow worker's downfall from his
fancied security and he realizes today
that as workers we are bound together by the ties of common Interest. We
are both deprived of a living if no one
will buy our brain or muscular power,
and we both realize that these buyers
are hard to find. So It makes us unite
In a common revolt against an outworn system.
But this blessing ls due to the capitalist system, which said system re
ceives so many hard blows from our
hands or tongues. It Is creating the
means of its own downfall and I am
thankful for that. It Is obliterating
national lines, caste prejudices, religious superstition and so on, and Is
creating the new internatlon with a
new patriotism, a universal solidarity,
and a growing hope for a brighter
Capitalism, thou wilt go to thy
doom accursed, yet tnke with thee
the blessing of one at least of thy
fruits. I was born a slave under thee
but thou made'st me a man, and hast
made lt possible for me to join hands
with fellow workers who once looked
down on me as their inferiors.
Thou art the great leveler, and out
of thy ruins will come the workers'
Industrial  Democracy.
The Evils Arising From Over Indulgence in Liquor
Are Insignificant Compared to Those Accruing
From Capitalist Rule—T. Edwin Smith.
One ot the hardest subjects tor the
propagandists to tackle is the man
who, in addition to being deeply and
sincerely religious, also has the prohibition bug. He can see nothing but
snakes and talk nothing but booze,
He considers every glass of beer taken
by a thirsty man as a deadly sin. The
hotel keeper, forced by capitalism
into the ignominous occupation of poisoner, ln his eyes is only one degree
less culpable than a murderer. He
hopes by one law shutting the doors
of the bars in one particular district
to put an end to all the filth, misery
and degradation that go along with the
rum traffic.
You tell him that sixty per cent, of
the entire population are living in
poverty, by poverty meaning that
condition in life which, through lack
of food and adequate shelter, the
mere standard of working efficiency
can not be maintained, and he tells
you that they are poor because of
drink. He thinks that they spend the
extra wages for booze or they would
have enough money to buy sufficient
food. Let us examine It and see if
this is true.
In one year, taking all Canada for
our field, there was manufactured vinous, snlrltuous and malted liquors, to
'be value of $11,230,084. There was
Imported from all countries in that
same period liquors to the value of f 3,-
261,000. Canada exported that year
$1,227,488 worth, leaving liquors to be
consumed ln Canada to the value ot
$13,263,602. That amounts to $1.86 per
year per inhabitant. According to the
census exactly one-third of the population are men between the ages of
20 and 50. This takes in the most of
the able bodied working men.
Therefore we see that the average
amount of money spent on drink by
the worker is only $5.58 per year..The
average worker is not doing himself
such a terrible lot of harm by his beer
and whiskey. Even if he were to
leave it all out he would only be less
than six dollars ahead per year and
that would not certainly help such a
great deal.
Admitting that when the worker
bears this burden of booze he has a
load far greater than he should, still
we can not say that all this liquor ls
consumed by the workers and paid for
out of their wages that should go for
food and clothing. No doubt a large
part of this amount ls consumed by
the employers of labor. There are
some types of liquor that are clear
out of the reach of the average wage
plug, such as champagne, sparkling
hock, Pilsener beer and Pere's chartreuse, liqueur and others of that kind.
A thirsty workingman drinks beer at
fiften cents a pint, but a capitalist
opens a bottle of sparkling Hurgundy
at five dollars a quart.
Now we admit that this Is an economic burden for the average workingman to bear and we also admit
that it would be a good thing to put
un end to all the drinking In the
world, If possible, but we claim that
there Is a burden thrust upon the
worker from above that hurts hlm
much more. We refer to the toll demanded by the non-productive parasites, such as shareholders, bond owners nnd landlords. Now the prohibitionists claim that they have no interest in this fight against the liquor
traffic other than the well being of
their fellow men and most of them
are sincere when they say It. Most
of them are teetotalers snd one bar
or a hundred in every town would not
affect them personally, but their
hearts bleed for the suffering the demon drink causes the erring brother.
This being the case should they not
fight anything that oppresses these
same brothers? If they are sincere
and if we can show them that there
is something else causing those same
men a hundred times the misery, want
and degradation that drink does they
should be the foremost champions of
man against the new enemy. This new
enemy is Capital. The toll taken from
the working class by the non-producing capitalists causes a hundred times
the suffering to men that drink does.
Let us point to a few instances. On
every bushel of wheat grown nnd
marketed in Canada the capitalists
take 61 cents that docs not go to pay
for any productive labor applied to it
in any way. The yield of wheat in
Canada last year was 215,851,000 bushels.   Taking 51 cents from every bush
el means $110,084,010. The C. P. R.
alone for the year ending June SO,
1912, made a profit off the men ln its
employ of $43,000,000. In other industries it is even worse. The complete
production of coal in the Alberta,
mines means an outlay approximating
$1.40 per ton. The coal is worth
$3.50. You see that $1.40 goes to par
for productive effort, while the remainder, or $2.10 goes into the pockets of
the parasites who have no claim upon
us. Taking the whole category of our
commercial and industrial products
we find that productive labor receives
about one-half the value, while the
parasites take the rest.
In Canada during the year 1911 the
value added to the materials by the
plant and the human labor applied directly amounted tb $528,000,000. Ot
this amount labor received $240,000,-
000, leaving $278,000,000 for the parasites. In the U. S. for the year 199
the manufacturers added to the raw
materials value to the amount of $8,-
530,000,000. Of this amount labor received $4,365,000,000, leaving the rest
to the parasites. There are In Canada
hundreds of concerns whose profits
can not be published but now and then
we see little notes on the financial
pages of the papers that give us a
slight glimpse of the great stream of
profits flowing into the coffers of the
masters. In the month of April, 1912,
lt was estimated that tbe profits from .
the different financial, commercial and
industrial companies was more than
thirty millions of dollars.
Every dollars that goes to pay profits ln the form of rent, interest and
dividend ls food, clothing and shelter
stolen from the working class. We see
that these capitalists steal from the
working class about eighty times aa
much as tbe value of all the liquor
consumed in Canada. Assuming that
the working class drinks all the liquor
we can see that the burden of Capital
ls eighty times as heavy.
Not only ls Capital such a tremendous burden, but there is no escape
from tt, No man 1b compelled to drink
unless he wishes. The police are not
here for the purpose of making men
drink. No man ls forced into a bar
at the point of a bayonet, but it Is different with Capital. The whole structure of the State ls reared and maintained to protect Capital. Tbe courts,
police ( militia exist only for the purpose of making us pay toll to the Trinity of Rent, Interest and Dividend. No
man can escape. In darkest Africa, in
the wilds of Borneo, on the prairies
of Canada or In the woods of Maine,
Capital ls always waiting to take halt
he produces and the long arm of the
law can always reach out and compell him to divide up what he has produced.
After wc have told him of all this
and brought forth positive proof of
all we claim he will tell ua that the
money spent on drink Is not the full
story of its harm, lie will say that
the money spent on drink that should
go for food, clothing und shelter Is not
the full burden. They tell us that
drink deadens our mental powers,
dulls our sight and weakens ub in
overy way. It In not only the time
lost while a man Is off on a bust that
hurts him, but thc man Is no good for
work when he goes back. If he Is
working for himself this Is serious.
Then, too, he hurts his family by
drinking in other ways Ihan depriving them of the material necessities.
(To Be Continued)
NEW YORK CITY.—After 11,000
men and women had crowded Into
Madison Square Garden to hear Eugene V. Debs, Emll Seldel and other
Socialists, the police closed the doors,
and there were as many in the streets
outside as were inside tho big amphitheater. The police said that no such
crowd had heen seen thcro since Bryan
made his first speech In 1896. The
meeting was held to ratify the noml-
lnnton of Mr. Debs and Mr. Seldel as
candidates for the presidency and the
A. now light now boats upon the
Militia of Christ game, One of its secret purposes Is now known to be to
further the election of members of
Its faith to the official positions of the
trade unions. An Inner conspiracy, In
fact, to pot, control of the union movement for ulterior purposes.
Rend, What Is Socialism.   10 cents. ■■
Published every Saturday by the Sods-list Party of Canada at the office of
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smriptlon   expires   the   next   Issue.
In Roman mythology, Jupiter was
"the supreme diety, King of Gods and
men." Temples were built in his
honor, a multitude of ceremonies and
bedevilments indulged in, oceans of
blfod shed and millions of lives sacrificed for his glory and aggrandisement and ln grateful acknowledgment
of the benlficence and splendor of his
Of ccourse he was a hoax, a senseless fraud, as all the rest of the mythological and speculative phantasmagoria of the ages has been, but the
stunts done in his name would do credit to the power and reputation of any
other of the vicious Gods that have
been hatched from the elastic imaginations of the world's most cunning
knaves and unscrupulous rogues.
We have been afflicted with other
Gods since Jupiter's time. In fact,
each section of the polyglot tribe
known as man has a more or less numerous assortment of its own, and endowed with every attribute from virtue superlative to cussedness sublime.
Of all the deities ever inflicted upon
human kind, either through Ignorance
or vlciousness, the God that rules the
world today is the most absolute and
reckless in his rule. H1b dominion is as
wide as the earth, and his power so
sweeping and overwhelming that he
ls pushing Into oblivion all other Gods
that have come down to us as heirlooms from the past, however sacred
and precious they may be.
Capital is the God that rules the
world today, and wltb an Iron hand,
While Capital, in itself an abstract
thing—a term used to signify a certain social relation existing between
different parts of that organized body
known as human society—is little less
a myth than was Jupiter of old, or his
illustrious predecessors as well as successors In the God line, his rule is,
however, more cruel, merciless and
complete than that of any god, either
before Jupiter or since.
The    world's    colossal
stand against the brutality and recklessness of capitalist rule. Russia is
seething with revolt. In the United
States the coarsest brutality and the
most vicious bloodthirstiness is manifested towards those sections of the
working class that show signs of revolt against the rigors of capitalist
rule. A general awakening of the
workers to a realization of the iniquities practiced upon them at the
behest of their capitalist masters bids
fair to call' forth a storm of revolution in the near future that will clarify the social atmosphere and purge
the Republic of that wage-slavery that
ls gnawing at its vitals and sapping
its manhood.
Take it all around, the prospects for
peace are not particularly bright in
any part of the earth. The God-
Capital—still reigns, and slavery, rapine and slaughter are the normal
conditions under his beastly sway.
Just how long it is going to be before the workers repudiate his right
to rule, rob and slaughter and kick
him into oblivion along with the
mythical humbug deities that have
gone before is not known. From the
signs now flashing along the social
horizon, however, that time is rapidly
Let It come.
Down with the modern Jupiter.
.,'.■'•"' •■•'.^-•■S'f..',   ■ ■   v .,, —
The Winnipeg Free Press says in
its issue of August 20th last, that
"Civil war now threatens new republic."
On whose authority does that paper
make the statement? Is the wish father to the thought? It looks more
like it!
Yes, but what Is happening in China? Only this, that everything iB serious, in diplomatic circles. The Republican ministers are "eating dust"
at the hands of Great Britain, Germany, France, the U. S. A., Russia
and Japan. The countries just named
are not to be considered as expressing
the opinions of the workers in their
respective opinions; not by ANY
What is happening in China is just
what is happening in ParlB and London. To be brief, there ls a game going on that will surprise all Radicals
and delight all Socialists. It Is that
the financiers of the six "Powers" are
bent upon making China 'a special
ground for exploitation. With the
population of China over 400 millions
the opportunity must be great, and the
desirability of it greater. During the
development of capitalism, no sooner
is one "market" occupied and utilized
to advantage, than there must be another in process of creation ln order
to supplant that which has already
been well exploited and most likely
sapped. Investments In European
countries are not so good. The necessities of 400 million Chinese open
out to the capitalist a market of gigantic dimensions. To obtain control
of  that  market  the  large  financiers
are doing all they can. To get all the
Industrial proflt they can, th;ey are now en-
plant is the temple of the modern god. j deavoring to crush certain "private"
Upon its altars are sacrified daily a banking companies, because they (the
multitude of men, women and children. latter) are going to loan China about
in order that the Bweet Incense of j 50 million dollars
profit may tickle the nostrils of this
But why does China want the mon-
If   one's   mind  can   be   turned
divine  brute.      And  who  shall  dare ey?
question his title to divinity?   Is not back, it will be remembered that Chi-
his reign sustained by the prayers,
and his divine right vouched for by
the devout and faithful who profess a
vision and insight into the unknowable and Incomprehensible that lies
beyond the confines of space and the
shores of time?
Under the rule of Capital the world
has become an armed camp, and the
daily chronicle of events reads like a
continuous narrative of a "Kilkenny
cat fight." In every country on the
globe there is either open warfare be
tween masters and slaveB, or a smol
na has passed through a revolution
wherein the growth of capitalism has
compelled the break-down of an effete
system of government.
As in Turkey when the ex-Sultan
was made to abdicate and a "Young
Turkey" party got into power by the
money ot the Rothschilds, bo, too, has
a similar incident transpired in China. There is an exact parallel to Turkey's "emancipation," in China. Both
have got a "constitution," "representative government." Both changes
have been accompanied by mouthlngs
*>««* V.....-0 - Buffering and misery I o^ber*. Equality *****«*&
that will sooner or later burst forth In
a cataclysm and holaeaust of vengeance and horror. Between nations
there Ib no peace, nor can there be
any so long as human society rests
upon a basis of slavery and the forcing of Its proceeds upon the market.
In no other manner can the proceeds
of capitalist plunder and rapine be disposed of than by an ever widening
market. This compels each capitalist nation to open the way for its expansion, by the conquering of additional markets. These can, in the
last analysis, be secured only by the
resort to the "Btrong arm" or the
"mailed fist."
The wl-ole world today ls being
pushed to thc brink of a precipice, beyond which lieB war and slaughter,
with all of their concomitant horrors.
' Italy and Turkey fight over Tripoli;
the former to seize it, the latter to
hold lt. All the big thieves (nations)
gather around the rich Chinese platter
and lick their foul chops in anticipation of the juicy repast. The outbreak In the Balkans bids fair to pull
■the European concert of thieves Into
a Jackpot of butchery that will once
more drench the earth with the blood
of fools and other victims of class rule
and roguery.
Mexico has for months been an inferno, and the end is not yet. Tht
ruthlessly exploited peasants and
other workers  are making a heroic
French Revolution, where the workers
were stirred on to action by such platitudes. Ab in France, ns In Turkey,
so in China. The rising middle class,
anxious for the support of the workers. In all three changes, in France,
Turkey and China, the revolution has
been accomplished by getting control
of the political machinery. (Let our
anarchist friends note that.) In China to accomplish the final work of
the revolution, it has to dismiss the
soldiers and pay them. It has now
to give a salary to officials, who ln
the past "copped graft." There has
been famine, plague and floods. There
ls comuei*atlon on all hands due
from the provisional government of
China. To carry on the administration means that China needs money.
There is the whole thing In a nutshell. But where Is China to get it
from? Well, It came about in this
wiBe. Great Britain, France, Germany
and the U. S. A. came to an agreement to finance China. The Chinese
weren't asked about It at all. The
four countries named then decided to
let certain groups get the loan raised.
That is one gang in each of the four
countries. Curiously, when all this
was cut and dried, Russia and Japan
said they ought to be in at the skin
game. They were admitted, and Japan was told that she couldn't let China
have money because her own treasury
was depleted.   Both Russia and Japan
hit upon a remarkable idea, and it
was as follows: They were to borrow
money at a low rate of interest and
let China have it at a high rate. Excellent idea, but not for China.
All this was done before China had
approached the Powers.
Then the six "great Powers" made
arrangements for China to borrow 300
million dollars, though, mind you, China did not desire so much. Under any
circumstances China was not to get
tbe 300 million dollars unless she
agreed to certain conditions the Powers made.
This China refused to do.
Dr. Morrison, who was the Times'
correspondent at Pekln, and who Ib
now political advisor to Yuan Shi
Kal, president of the Chinese republic, was interviewed last week, and
he stated the conditions attached to
the loan were such that "they never
would be accepted by any responsible
advisory council."
Meetings of the four financial
groups were held in Paris and London. The six Powers were anxious
that China should not go outside the
"holy four."
There were other groups of financiers who would let China have money on terms far more favorable than
those of the six Powers. But the Powers put their cards on the table and
got the Chinese government in a fix.
To show to what depths the financial
sharks will go, can be understood
when both leading journals in England are bitterly opposed to- the action of the government of this country. The Manchester Guardian said in
its leading article on Sept. 17th:
"That we should join in pressing
"on China conditions which we do
"not regard as necessary or just, Is
"bad enough; that we should even
"deny her the chance of escaping
"from the yoke when the way lies
"open to her, Is infinitely worse.
"But we are apparently to abandon
"every tradition of sympathy with
"peoples struggling towards free-
"dom, for the sake of a conception
"of foreign policy in Europe which
"has brought us neither credit nor
That is the statement of the leading Liberal newspaper in England.
The Manchester Guardian has been
attacking the government constantly
on its attitude towards Persia, and
has frequently brought the ministry
to book. As a contrast, let me now
quote the Observer, the leading Tory
newspaper (though it Is only issued
on SundayB). The Observer, Sept.
IB, 1912, says:
"Some time in July a business
"house of the highest standing in
"London began Independent negotiations with China regarding a
"loan. The house in question was
"thoroughly familiar with Chinese
"conditions, and regarded the security offered as adequate. At its
"back was one of the largest and
"best-respected banks in England.
"A contract for a loan of £10,000,-
"000 sterling was signed In London
"on behalf of China by the Chinese
"minister. We are not in the se-
"crets of the Chinese Legation, but
"it seems to us inconceivable that
"the minister would have signed the
"contract unless authorized to do
"so by his government. The business firm and the bank concerned
"were not, however, memberB of
"the group to which- British interests had been confided. What happened in Peking during the next
"few days has not been definitely
"disclosed, but it is understood that
"under instructions Sir John Jor-
"dan, the British, minister, requested the Chinese government to repudiate the loan. The ministers
"of the other five Powers followed
"suit. China deemed it prudent to
"say that the action of the Chinese
"minister in London was unauthorized, and the loan contract has
"been for the present repudiated."
That's the story. Now for the comment:
"We do not like the look of this
"transaction, and we specially dts-
"like the part played in lt by Great
"Britain. Some weeks ago we fought
"the proposed contract for a loan
"of sixty millions, because it was
"clear that China did not want so
"much money, and still more be-
"cause we were convinced that
"when six Powers began lending
"huge sums jointly to China there
"would be trouble. The operations
"of the Consortium, If carried out
"aB originally proposed, must in the
"end have undermined the indepen
"dence of China, which we desire to
"see preserved. But here was a
"case to which no reasonable exception could have been taken had
"not the British government considered itself bofand by pledges
"which It could not evade. The
"terms were satisfactory to both
"sides, the lenders were people of
"the highest repute, the Bum waB
"sufficient to extricate China from
"her immediate difficulties, though
"not enough to add heavily to her
"Indebtedness. If the loan contract
"has been wrecked because Great
"Britain is entangled by promises
"which should never have been giv-
"en, the sooner those promises are
"terminated the better. And they
"are .unquestionably terminable."
Now, what has happened is this:
Messrs. Birch, Crisp & Co. have ne
gotiated a loan of 50 million dollars.
China is in a quandary. So are the
depositors, for, in yesterday's «3JalL
Mail it is stated that "while,..tb%>'Beh|
1c.l1 o-ni-ni.nmA.il        mill        Ja       KAtUll^       JI-?'
ish government will do n,othi|g dW.
rectly to prevent the'■■ Independent
loan, it does not approve of it.whleh
means that the creditors under the
loan could scarcely effect Its support
in urging any claims against the Chinese government that might conceivably arise.
In plain language, China will not
be made to pay, except the loan has
the sanction of the big thieves. For
do we not know that when Turkey,
China, Persia and Egypt have been
backward in liquidating their indebtedness to English or French bondholders, that the armed force of the
latter countries has been the means
of "persuading" the "money" out of
•lust because the loan has [been
raised by those who are not "au fait"
ln financial circles, there ls a likelihood of the money being lost.
The whole business is well worthy
of the financial buccaneers. They are
maintaining their reputation of being
a scoundrelly lot, and the British government will do as the big financiers
The Manchester Guardian and The
Observer, two papers of repute, whose
editorial policies are in extreme antagonism, agree upon this outrageously disreputable question. It Ib not surprising that both use such severe language in the matter. The only other
surprising element in this matter ls
that both the Guardian and The Observer don't seem to understand that
finance ls a business, and honor ls
all right when it is profitable. The
financial, class will violate all honor,
repudiate all pledges, and commit every crime knowable to get another
half per cent. It's" about time these
Illustrious and well informed journals
knew it.
They both agree that their chief
interest in China is frankly "because
of its trade." The financiers know
that the trade ls coming and are making preparations. To give an idea of
the attitude of the British government
towards China one should see how
they have acted on the opium question.
Some five years ago the Chinese
government negotiated with Great
Britain for the purpose of eradicating
the opium curse. It was agreed that
In ten years the export from Calcutta
on government account should be
stopped. China on her part agreed to
do it in much less. In fact, she had
stopped seven-tenths of the land under
cultivation in three years. Don't forget the reduction In India was to be
10 per cent, every year. The ten
years' compensation was down aB $12,-
500,000, making an annual reduction
in revenue of $1,250,000. In three
•years it was to be about $3,750,000.
According to original arrangements,
the sums resulting from revenue
should have been in:
1908-9,  the  sum   of $10,956,000
1909-10,   the  sum  of     8,711,500
1910-11,  the   sum   of.......    7,465,700
That is reducing the amount annually according to agreement. China has made her effort and nearly
stamped it out far in advance of her
agreement, but now whaMs the case?
England reckoned to lose about 3Yt
million dollars in three years. The
government knew well that China
would keep her word, she would be
afraid to do other than that. The
British government in India took advantage and "raised" the price of opium. The demand they knew would
be there with the following result
that the revenue went up as follows:
Original Estimation. Actually.
In 1908-9 $10,956,000 it was $25,243,500
In 1909-10 8,711,500 it was 22,091,000
In 1910-11 7,465,700 lt was 32,300,000
Whereas China almost eradicated
the cultivation of opium In three
years, the British government has In
that time received more by $10,000,-
000 (ten million dollars) than Bhe
"contracted" to get In the ten years.
China has sacrificed over $119,225,000
(one hundred and nineteen million
two hundred and twenty-five thousand
dollars) ln a sincere endeavor to blot
out this national curse, whilst the
British government has taken a despicably mean advantage. That China
could have done with that money no
one can deny, fiut it Is all in the
game. The Impoverishment of China
haB been aimed at by Britain since
the first war in 1839. Now the other
Powers have their hands in. What
with open ports and missionaries, everything has been shaped for the over-running of the land by the representatives of the capitalist. Already
the latter is in* the process of enthronement. For that many thanks,
for the occupation of China by the
Army of Capital means its eventual
evacuation. Better let the development be fast than Blow. Soon China
wlll be .universally recognized as a
land of wage slayes and again the
Bong of the Chinese revolution will
be chanted.
"Freedom, one of the greatest blessings of Heaven,
"United to peace thou will work on
this earth
"Ten thousand wonderful new
"Grave as a spirit, great as a
"Rising to the very skies,
Socialist Party fffi CafladaTineets Secondhand   fourth: :-*Mon'aay.   ■■ Secretary,
Kv,Wmi Watts, sMte>r Temple*' Dunsininr
»S;'St.,* Vancouver, B.C.
Soc i a list   P arty  Dir ts etory
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Wm. WattB, Secretary.
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
tary, Box 647, Calgary.
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVINCIAL BXBOUTITB, S. P. of 0., Invitee all comrades residing ln Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw.
Committee: Notice—Thla card Is In-
"i™?,. f?r. the PurPose of getting
"YOU" Interested ln the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so If you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St.,  Winnipeg.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton office of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace Bay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, »*njc
491, Olace Bay, N. 8,
LOOAL VANCOUVEB, No. 69, S. P. of O.
Headquarters, Labor Temple, Dunsmulr street. Business meeting on flrst
of every month at 8 p.m. Secretary,
F. Lefeaux, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
LOCAL    FEBNIE,   8.   P.   of   O.,    HOLD
holds educational meetings ln the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
i :30. Business meeting flrst Monday
In each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380.
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO. 35, B. P. of 0.,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7-30 p.m.    E. Campbell, Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 126.
Finnish branch   meets ln   inlanders'
Hall Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 64, Rossland, B.C
LOOAL   MICHEL,   B.   C,   NO.   16,   B.   P.
of CL, holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tn
Crahan's Hall. A hearty invitation is
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Buslnesa meetings are held the flrs,'
and third Sundays of each month al
10:30 o.m. tn the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. T. W. Brown,
every Friday evening
Miners' Hall, Nelson, E
tin, Secretary.
of O.,
at   8   p.m.,   in
. C.   I. A. Aus-
LOOAL   BBTBLBTOXB,   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Oayman, Secretary.
LOCAL BANBON, B. C, NO. 36. B. P. Or
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
In the Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall
Communications to be . addressed
Drawer K. Sandon. B. C.
Headquarters and reading room 575
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting overy Saturday, 8 p.m., corner of
Yates  and  Langley.
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. ln Public Library Room. John
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allen.
Business meeting every Sunday. 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift), 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
uslnees [fleeting-' every
the 9-onUi';-}--»fpropa-
everjt .third iVfBunday.
' everybdoy ari*12 Cordova .Street Eist, 2 p/m. iSfecretary,
•P. Anderson. -Barnet, B. C.    '>
LOCAL  VANCOUVEB,   B.    C,    NO.    45,
Finnish. Meets every second and
Fourth Thursdays ln the month at 21»
Hastings St. East. Ovla Llnd, Secretary.
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
East, H. Hahlm, Secretary,
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     S.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on ths flrst
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
Secretary, Jas. Olendennlng, Box II,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may recetvo
information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Cole-
.   man, Alta.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St
Business und propaganda meetlnse
every Wednesday nt 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.;
Organiser,  W.   Stephenson.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters,   134  Ninth  Ave.  West.
S.  K,   Read,   Secretary.
every Sunday, Trades Hall, I p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday. S
p.m. Trades Hall. W. B. Bird, Oen.
Del., Secretary.
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third Sim-
days In the month, at 4 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock.  Box  1983 V
OP O.—Propaganda meetings avsry
Sunday, 7:30 p. in., ln tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, S p.m.
W. McAllister, Secretary, Box 687. A.
Stewart organizer.
' S. P. of C.—Headquarters, Labor Temple. Business meeting every Saturday. 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting everv
Sunday at 8 o'clock ln the Dreamlani
Theatre. Main St. Secretary, J.
O'Brien,  Room  12, 630 Main  St.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,  NO   8,   8.   P.   OP   O.
Open air meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rideau Street. Business meetings,
first Sunday In month ln the Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary, Sam Sturgess Horwlth, 18
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
THOB—Headquarters in Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday ut 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box 158; Harold G. Ross, organizer,
Box 606.
LOCAL    SIDNEY    MINES    N0.    7,    of
Nova    Scotia.—Business    and    propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 ln the S. O.  B. T. Hall  back '
of Town Hall.    Wil'lam Allen, Secretary, Box 344.
TION of the S. P. of a, ls organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrainean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranlan Federation publish their owa
weekly organ, "Nova Hromada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnlstlno Ave., Edmonton, Alta. English comrades desiring Information re the Federation,
write to J. Senuk, Fin. Secretary.
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00
"VVIth the clouds for a chariot and
the wind for a steed,
"Come, come to reign over the
"For the sake of the black hell of
our slavery;
"Come, enlighten us with a ray of
thy sun."   -
The last time that was sung It was
for the deposing of a dynasty. Its
words will yet be remembered, and
who does not know that It may be
used as a song for rebellious men,
who will have suffered the pangs of
hunger, have felt the lash of capitalism, have experienced misery and sorrow at the hands of the capitalist.
What Is happening ln China Is that
the capitalists are making the rope
with  which to hang  themselves.
One can not help wondering what
will be the attitude of men calling
themselves Socialists, who still demand the exclusion of the Chinese
from Canada. Let them come, by all
means. Their experience in Canada
will no doubt be the meanB of carrying back the real idea of propaganda
and give them zeal and earnestness,
ln pronouncing "the world for the
workers, Irrespective of color."
»• B. C.
Published every Saturday, owned
by the B. C. Federation of Labor
and Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council,   at  $1   per  year—and—
1336c Western
Weekly official organ of the Socialist
Party,  $1  a year—
Both for $1.50 Per Year
Address   Labor  Temple,  Vancouver,
for ssmpls ooples.
Propaganda Meeting.
Local Enderby No. 65.
Per F. E. Parkes  ♦
Per   Steve   Lellman	
Local Medlcclne Hat No. 20,
Per J. Thomson	
Per Oeo. Zebroskl        i-25
Local Markervllle No. 31.
Per J. Nelson        i-30
Per Elmer Nelson        MP
Local Nelson No. 4.
Per C. H. Phillips	
Per James Hurdle	
Local Vancouver No. 68.
Per Chas. Ashley	
Per P. Anderson	
Previously acknowledged...
Acknowledged  else where...
meeting will be held every Sun-
In the City theatre, New Westminster. Good meetings have been
obtained so far, but there is still room
for a few more in the hall. We would
like to see a few more comrades from
the surrounding districts there. Comrade Fitzgerald was unable to speak
last Sunday through sickness; he will
be there Sunday, October 20th. Bring
a friend along with you.
Comrade Donald Boleyn, lately residing in Vancouver, is inquired for
by his mother Should anyone know
of the whereabouts of Comrade
Boleyn they might send the information to Mrs McMurdo, 91 Thistle St.,
Garnet Hill, Glasgow, Scotland.
The old parties fused in Milwaukee
to beat the Socialist administration,
That was a sure sign that the old parties' did not want the Socialists ln
power. "the old parties say we
Should not go into municipal politics,
It ta a good reason why we should. -"-SATURDAY; OCTOBER!"*lirW2.
Meeting of the Executive held Tuesday, October 8, at the headquarters,
Comrades Read Haag, Burge, Adie,
McLean and the Secretary being present. The minutes of the last meeting
were read and approved.
Several communications from Alf.
Budden, re organizing in Alberta, were
read. The Secretary was Instructed
to inform Comrade Budden of the Executive's appreciation of his past work
and tbat the field In Alberta was still
open to him to continue In the organizing" work as soon as he would be
There were also several communications from C. M. O'Brien in regard
to reorganizing Hillcrest and Coleman. He also reported the formation of new locals at Passburg and
Canmore. Comrade O'Brien Informed
the committee that Joe Knight of
Edmonton would be available for a
three months' organizing Btunt in Alberta. The matter was laid on the
table until Comrade Knight could be
conferred with.
The following correspondence was
read and ordered filed:
From Local Kingman, ordering
stamps and cards.
From Local Linda, quarterly report.
From Thos. C. Makepeace, re dues
as member-at-large.
From Robert Parry, re Hillcrest
From Local Red Deer, Inquiring as
to last referendum of the Party.
From Local Taber, re Becurlng Eng-
llgsh and Hungarian speakers.
From Local Passburg, re supplies
From Local Canmore, writing for
charter and stamps.
The   Secretary   was   instructed   to
Subs, are coming in mighty slow
just now, and if some of you don't get
busy and do some tall hustling we will
have to close down and hunt a master.
Many of you are aware what It Is to
hunt for a master ln the winter time,
bo we hope you won't yet put ub to the
disagreeable task of selling our labor-
power to some parasite. As a class
conscious member of the working
class we don't want to let the other
class know that we have been forced
to lay down our arms. It may not
spell defeat for the working class
movement to have to suspend the
publication of this paper, but it would
be a cruel blow to those who are striving week in and week out to keep the
revolutionary banner of the worklna
class flying at topmast. Comrades,
it's up to you to put the joy of a winning fight into our hearts; It's up to
you to see that the fight is kept ui
and on with Increasing victories; lt^
up to you to see that we do not receive one setback in the march for the
emancipation of the working class.
Joseph Naylor, Cumberland, B.C  4
W. Gribble, Washington, U.S.A.... 3
C. M. O'Brien, Organizing, B.C  3
Local Toronto, Ont...  3
C. J. Johnson, Westbrldge, B.C  2
G. O. Vennesland, Granum, Alta... 2
J. A. Beckman, Meeting Creek, Alta. 2
C. W. Sprlngford, Marwayne, Alta.. 2
J. P. Hunt, Flske, Sask......  2
J. Watson, Winnipeg, Man  2
W. Ingram, Winnipeg, Man   2
A. G." McCallum, Ottawa, Ont  2
J. W. Dargle, Alsask, Sask  2
Singles: >
J.   E.  Smith,  Fernie;   J.  Sidaway,
I City;   Mrs; Angus MacLeod, Stewart,
B.C.;  Robt. Dixon, Creston, B.C.;  M.
write to the D. E. C. In regard to Al- ]Jght8tone> Montreal> Que.. A. Bonar]
berta organizers.
Flancial   Report.
Balance at last report $29.00
Receipts  from  all  sources     7.45
Total    $36.45
Disburements since last report.. 22.25
Balance ot hand   $14.20
Western Clarion.
Dear Comrades—Please find enclosed cheque for my renewal Bub.
and one yearly sub. for Wm. Morgan,
Marwayne, Alta.; also $1 for a weekly
bundle of five as per bill sent ln some
time ago. I did not get my bundle No.
687. Should be much obliged if you
would send me one bundle of that
number. Sincerely hope the Clarion
will weather the storm. I saw tn a
certain paper that the editor thought
the S.D.P. and S.P.C. would eventually
unite. I personally hope the D.E.C.
will never lower themselves to enter
into any negotiations for the fusion of
the two. The S.P. of C. will have to
keep going with its program of edu-
ccation, and eventually the others will
come to the S.P. of C. as individuals
Moose Jaw; A. J. Bull, Moose* Jaw
Cecil Homer, Brantford, Ont; M.
Schasly, Merriton, Ont.; A. H, Grewar,
St. Catherines, Ont.; D. Thomson, St.
Catherines; Geo. Gunderson, Port
Arthur; W. Welling, San Diego; J. C.
Turner, Victoria; W. S. Reynolds,
Toronto; A. C. Mills, London, Eng.;
J. F. Johnson, Enderby; J. Pilklngton,
Enderby; R. P. Pettipiece, City; J.
Burgess, Coty; Hugh Dixon, City; C.
H. Scott, City.
C. W. Sprlngford, Marwayne, Alfa,
Comrade Alex. Paterson, of North
Battleford, comes along with the third
Instalment of one dollar a month to
the organizing fund. He also sends in
seventy-five cents for the Clarion
maintenance. Have we heard from
you yet?
Comrade J. R. Kinnaird, of Vancouver, helps to keep the Clarion going
with a dollar to the maintenance fund.
Comrade D. M. Coutts, of) Vernon,
B.C., helps In the fight with one dollar
to the organizing fund.
as the only sound party. I would like
to know what 8 hour days, etc., have
to do with the propagation of Socialism? For when the workers receive
as near the full value of their toll as
it Is possible to get, they will not want
to set any limit on the length of work
day, for it will be no one's business
how many hours per day (or night) I
work.—Yours in the scrap,
Marwayne, Alta., Oct. 8, 1912.
The free speech fight has broken out
again in Ottawa.   More news later.
Comrade R. W. Davles, of Vancouver, sends along a dollar to the organizing fund.
Local Enderby contributes another
two dollars to the organizing fund.
Who will follow suit?
The strike at Bingham is still on,
and 10,000 miners are idle. They
have heen forced out of the miserable
shacks, which are owned by the company, and are living in tents In the
surrounding valleys.
The beBt and cheapest
Cordova Boarding House
512 Cordova Street East
Local Winnipeg will hold a series of
meetings in the Labor temple, this
winter. See that you Clarion readers
of Winnipeg are on hand there next
Sunday.   Take a friend with you.
Only three jurors have been selected out of 200 that have been examined to act as jurors ln the trial of
the fifty-two timber workers charged
with murder at Grabow La.
py Joseph MoCabe. 48 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By Col. R. G. Ingersoll. 24 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By P. Vivian. 64 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By Col. R. G. Ingersoll. 24 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By Samuel Laing. 48 pp. and colored cover, with portrait.
By Col. R. G. Ingersoll. 48 pp. and colored with portrait.
The Set of Six Pamphlets Post Free for 25 Cents
The People's Bookstore152 &t!?io,^
*Tb**'-announ*ce7iw-nt. of tire Russian
Minister of Marine in regard to the
proclamation of martial law in Sebastopol proves clearly and plainly the
recent dispatches concerning a new
and serious mutiny ln the Russian
Black Sea fleet were at least partially
correct. Of course, the Russian Government immediately denied the truth
of the dispatches first published in
the London Dally Chronicle, but the
form of these denials, which declared
that any news of a mutiny In the
Black Sea fleet had been made of
whole cloth, proved that the Russian
authorities were, as usual, attempting to conceal the whole affair. Now
in the edict issued by the Minister
of Marine, on August 30, we flnd the
following: "Martial law has been proclaimed In Sebastqpol. How painful
Is the knowledge that this is not oc-
cassioned by a threatening foreign foe
but is directed against the enemy who
upon the native soil is conducting his
dark and shameful underground warfare against the fatherland." This
knowledge was especially "depressing,
he said, in view of the celebration
of the centenary of the war in defense
of the fatherland. He, the Minister
of Marine, went in person to Sebas-
topol in order to remind the navy
of its duty, and to demand that it
proceed with all rigor against the revolutionary "agitators."
The* Czar also was visibly downcast
over the news that the seed of insurrection had been sown in the fleet.
It was, however, fortunate, he said,
that this poison had only extended to
a few ships. So much for the official
announcement, from which naturally
more can be Inferred than the Minister deemed It necessary to say> As
appears from various dispatches, the
government has been extremely disturbed by mutinies in the Baltic, as
well as the Black Sea fleet. As early
as August 20, a conference was held
in Sebastopol between the commanders of the fleet and a subordinate of
the Minister of the Interior, the re-
Bults of which were held strictly secret, lt Is also significant that Lhe
Minister of Marine on his tour of
inspection in the Black Sea made use
of the yacht Almas, and that the convoying torpedo boat was manned exclusively by officers. Further, it is
reported from Sebastopol that the
Board of Inquiry sitting under the
presidency of Vice Admiral Eberhardt
is working feverishly to prove the
guilt of 300 sailors under arrest. The
trial wlll take place towards the end
of September, and the accused will
be fried under military law.
The conservative press is manifestly  disturbed  over  the  continual   insurrections  in the  fleet.    The  same
journals  which,  a  few  months  ago,
were   proclaiming  the  grant  of  the
marine budget to be a life and death
question for Russia, are now saying
that the country must, before expending millions on the fleet, be assured
that "the fleet would be an obedient
tool in the hands of the government."
And there is truly little certainty of
that.   The barbarous despotism in the
fleet   of   which   Comrade   Kusnetzow
complained to the Duma in April of
last  year, has  increased to  the   extreme  the  bitterness  of  the  sailors.
Twenty thousand sailors of the Kron-
stadt division at that time submitted
to   the Social Democratic faction   in
the Duma in which they made known
the  frightful  conditions  in  the  Russian navy and the feeling of the sailors.    But the majority in the Duma
were deaf to all these complaints, and
the military and naval authorities declared defiantly that  they  feared  no
agitators in the fleet.    But the reality soon put an end to the self-satisfied calm of the government.
The sailors saw that an appeal to
the intelligence of the rulers only had
the effect of making the tyranny worse
than before, treatment by the officers
bolder and more autocratic.    And so
many   spontaneous   outbreaks    took
place, many conflicts with the officers,
desertions en masse of the suffering
sailors.   Then the Police Department
took a  hand.    Numerous spies  were
let loose upon the fleet and the reBult
was a number of arrests and trials
which sent many sailors   to   prison.
But far from removing the cause ot
the  ferment,  all  these  measures   of
the  government  only   Increased   the
breadth and depth of that ferment and
finally converted the greater part of
the fleet Into a powder magazine that
threatened to explode at any moment.
Far back In the summer a portion
of the conservative press knew very
well that the ferment among the technically highly efficient   marines   had
the closest connection with the growth
of class consciousness in the Russian
working class. Modern battleships require an entirely different quality of
men from that of the troops recruited
from reactionary elements for Interior
police   duty.    The   proletarian   who
torn from the factory or workshop,
enters  the navy, carries into  these
floating   slaughter    factories,   which
combine the barbarous barracks  life
with the Isolation of a prison and the
moral dirt of the navy, the protest of
a  social  class  rising to power, and
deeply rooted hate of the existing regime of knout and gallows.   He  ls
accustomed to close co-operation, to
an organisation, and this deeply root-
cannot be destroyed""by themilitary
dill tfre%.*7Jf majThe 'fe&tded' as
certaia that His the .Socialist "elements
among the sailors which form a solid
dam against the blazing discontent of
the unorganized mass, which allows
Itself to be led into purposeless mutinies through spontaneous/outbreaks
of anger and tbe Infamous incitements
of the spies.
The government has the greatest
fear of these calm' and methodical
elements in the navy, and its most
angry attacks are always directed
against them. The government knows
that lt can easily suppress the individual "uprisings" of small groups,
but that lt ls powerless against the
smoldering fire of revolutionary discontent which, spreading from the
working class to the army and navy,
undermines the most important foundations of its power, and calmly allows the time to approach when the
inwardly consumed armed forces of
the country will collapse, either in a
war or under the assault of revolutionary discontent.—From Berlin Vor-
A recent issue of "The Financial
World" published the following statement:
"For many weeks, with monotonous
regularity, the commercial agencies
whose business it is to look after such
matters have reported that the majority of the business firms that had failed and gone Into bankruptcy had a
capital of $5,000 or less. This week
the same melancholy record is made
and actually 91 per cent of the 239
business houses that failed throughout the country during the week had a
capital of *.5,000 or less."
What does this mean? It means
that the small manufacturer and the
retailer are being crowded to the wall
by "big business."
We need not point out that the
steel trust, the coal trust, the beef
trust, the sugar trust and similar corporations have long since made lt impossible for concerns with small capital to compete successfully ln their
It is not so generally recognized,
however, that in the field of retail
business tbe same process is taking
place. The department stores are
constantly getting the larger share
of the business of our cities. The mall
order houses are rapidly putting the
old general store ln the country out
of business entirely. One of the largest mall order houses have over 5,-
000,0000 customers scattered throughout the length and breadth of
The United Cigar Stores Company
has over seven hundred cigar stores
scattered throughout our leading cities selling nonunion cigars and driving their small competitors to the
In the shoe business such companies as the Regal and the Douglas are
establishing chains of stores throughout the country and they are making it
more and more difficult for the independent retailer to survive.
Recently a five and ten-cent store
tru3t has been organized which takes
in hundreds of 3tores fomerly owned
by Woolworth and Knox and other
concerns. This business is capitalized
at $65,000,000 and will be able to wipe
off the map any small concern which
.Hands In Its way.
We know that in the city of Chicago
the Borden and Bowman milk companies have almost secured a monopoly of the milk business. The City
Fuel Company has practically secured
a monopoly of the coal business.
A few large breweries own most of
the saloon licenses and fixtures with
which the saloonkeepers do business.
The butcher shops are under the
thumb of the beef trust and the Independent drug stores now recognize
that their business Is endangered by
the drug trust,
Oh, no! the trusts are not putting
the small concerns put of business!
They are simply swallowing them
whole. The only hope of the small
business man lies in the same direction as that of the workingman.
It is folly to attempt to destroy the
trustB. These tremendous organizations have come to stay. They are
gaining control of more Industries
every day.
The real solution of this problem Is
to be found In the national ownership
of the trusts. Then all the people will
share In their advantages—Eveiing
Leccturing recently on socialism,
the Rev. Dr. McCaffrey, of Maynooth
College, says:
"With socialism pure and simple no
Catholic can have any sympathy.   As
it Is advanced by Its ablest exponents,
it Is based largely on a materialistic
system of philosophy which denies the
existence of God and a Divine Providence governing the destinies of the
world.   It assumes that human society
is being gradually evolved, not under
the guidance of God, but under the
stress of economic laws, and that this
natural evolution has now reached the
stage    when    Individual    ownership
should be abolished In favor of collective   ownership.    The   large body of
Continental socialists openly scoff at
the existence of God and the doctrine
of a future life of rewards tnd punishments.     Man, they say, should seek
his  happiness in  the  goods  of  this
earth.      In  the  possession  of  these
goods consists his heaven.   If men begin with such propositions as these—
if they believe that there is no Divine
Providence  guiding  the  destinies  of
the world, no future life where the apparent inequalities of this life shall
be set right, ho example of suffering
given by Our Divine Saviour for men
to imitate, no teaching of this same
Saviour about the rewards In store for
the poor and the oppressed and the
punishments for the extortioner and
the unjuBt—if they believe all this, it
is easy to understand how they should
advocate equality for all in the possessions of the goods of this earth, and
the abolition of private ownership as
the means of attaining such equality.
"Again, lt cannot be denied, for It ls
a fact notorious to all, that wherever
the socialists have become powerful
they have waged war against revealed
religion, and more especially against
the Church.   On their platforms and
in their official programs they sometimes  proclaim  that  religion  is  the
affair of the individual, and they do
not wish  to Interfere  with  the  religious beliefs of any man; but such
professions are not In accordance with
their policy.   They are made in order
to deceive supporters and to win recruits,   who   would   not  join   in   an
avowed anti-religious campaign.   It Is
not  by  such professions  we  are  to
judge them, but by the whole trend of
the movement; and, judging them by
that   standard,, we  see  that  In  Germany, in France, in Belgium, in Italy,
in  Spain,  and  Portugal—in  a  word,
wherever they have secured a foothold
and  can   show  their  true  colors   in
safety, they make no secret of their
wish to overthrow religion.   On this
In facing the new problems ralseds"
by socialism, the. Catholic workingman*
will probably have a greater responsibility and a greater share than affi .
the theorists put together, says Monv
signor Robert Hugh Benson.   There is;
no doubt that socialism In some form*,
or another will have, In the Immediate-
future,   an   immense   influence  upom
both legislative and social life;   andl
it is, therefore, all the more impera
live that the Catholic worker who lisv-
tens at street corners to the preachers of this new creed,  who himself
will be listened to respectfully when
he puts his questions or his criticism,,
and  who will be obliged, again and:
again, in workshop and factory, to «ut-
pound his own views on the matter,
should have a clear and reasoned account to give as to what socialistic -
tenets are In accordance with Christ--
ianity, and what in antagonism to it-:
At present, it must be confessed, he
does not show that familiarity wttk
the affair which he will be bound to>
possess  in  future.   Young men, educated  in  Catholicism, listen to such
orators, hear many undoubted truths
preached by them with fervor and sincerity,   sympathise,   as   indeed   their
ought, with ths well-deserved detunr-
ciations of injustice  and  greed, and
then, partly through the subtle atmosphere of irreliglon that runs through*,
so  many  of  such  discourses,  partly:
through having heard that socialism;,
in its entirety, is incompatible wlthi
Catholicism, elect to follow the former -.
rather than the latter, think It better-
to Bet their hands to the removal of:
va.-ious grievances than to continue to'
practise a religion whose influence in.;
such things they are unable to discern-   *
—and, finally, are lost to the Church.,
and to God.
In this, surely, as much as In any=-
thing, the duty of the Catholic workman is plain.   By the help of his parish priest he can have access to the-    ,
abundant   and  ever-Increasing  literature dealing with the relations of the?
Church   towards   socialism;    he   can.
learn which are those few doctrines?
condemned  by tbe Divine Authority^,
and why;   which are those (such as-
the  nationalization  of certain, indusv-
trles) that are indifferent, and which;,
therefore, he can hold and yet remain
a  Catholic;    and  which,  finally,  are
those  ideals and objejets which the..
Church, no less   than   the   socialist,. -,
holds dear, and, indeed, has preached-*,
and practised in every country of this ,
world,    centuries    before    socialism,...
name or theory, came into existence:.
In those and other manners Cathol- .
icism   will   do   the   work   which   its i
matter there may be slight shades of Divine Founder intended; and the •
indifference. One man may express | Kingdom of Christ will come indeed. .
himself more violently than another; [—Ciitholic News.
one man may be prepared to advance I 	
further and more rapidly than   another,) Good for Cattle.
but, taking them all In all, I can safely j 	
say, without fear of contradiction, that '» a recent article on "Sesame Cul-
the socialist movement, as a whole, i.ture," The Scientific American says:
wherever we find it in full swing, isj"An abundance of yellow, mild and
the declared enemy of the Church." j bland oil called 'gingelly,' resembling;
• "And it is precisely this undeniable olive oil, is obtained from the seed,
fact, socialism's avowed enmity to the IIf the oil is of a very good quality- lt
Church, which should be insistently j 1= employed as an adulterant of oil of
brought to the notice of the American! almonds, and Is of great economic
Catholic laborer," eays the Ave Maria, value, only second to cocoanut oil ln
ccommentlng upon the foregoing. "He the variety of Its uses. It is em-
is perfectly within his rights when, as I Ployed for culinary purposes, food,
a member of a union, or aB an indl- medicine, cosmetics, illumination, lu-
vidual, he advocates, pleads for and j brlcatlon, soap-making, etc. The oil
votes  for a large measure of social is alBO used In making a very attrac-
and economic reform; but he is emphatically going away when he Identifies himself with genuine philosophical socialists, whose aim Ib not merely
to effect salutary reforms within the
framework of existing society, but to
destroy that framework altogether,
and to aboliBh among other institutions the Church, to which labor and
capital must look for the solution of
their apparently Insoluble problems."
—Catholic News.
the confection, being used like peanut
In making a 'brittle.' The cakes left
after the oil has been pressed from
the seeds are used as food by the
poorer classes, and also serves as.
good food for cattle."
The Italian League of Young Socialists have been making so much antiwar propaganda in the Italian army
that the government has sent out secret circulars urging the Bpying upon
soldierB suspected of being sympathetic toward the league—particularly
those soldiers who do not get money
from home, one circular says, aB they
are more likely to listen to the league
than the others. Some of the secret
circulars have found their way mysteriously Into Socialist hands and have
been published.
ed need of the class conscious worker
Have you got some good literature
for the coming winter evenings. It
not, send in for our 26 cent bunch of
literature for a start.
One of the unfortunates Of Vancouver, who has been existing on "coffee
and" for Bome time past, recently became the possessor of a five spot, and
being in need of a good feed he
dropped into the Maple Leaf coffee
house, and indulged in a regular proletarian Lucullian feast He ordered
up and disposed of 8 "coffee ands"—
without turning a hair. He then went
up the street with an air of prosperity
and a little round belly that would do
credit to a New York alderman or a
police lieutenant.
Oct. 5, 1912.
Dear  Sirs —Please do  not  send  mo
any   more  of your  infidal   literature.
You will never help the Laboring man
with that kind of trash.—Yours,
I/ondon, Ont.
Blind as a Bat.
Appreciating a Joke.
A British soldier was ordered to be
flogged. During the flogging he
laughed continually. The lash was
laid on all the harder, but the rain of
blows only seemed to increase his delight.
"What  are  you  laughing at?'
sergeant finally asked.
"Why," the soldier chuckled,
the wrong man."
The antiquated fossil that says that
Socialism Is Impossible Is like the
geeser that saw a giraffe for the flrst
time. After gazing awhile at the long
necked creature, he remarked to his
companion, "There's ain't no such animal."
George W. Perkins, the millionaire,
says he found out when fifty years old'
that making money was a poor life occupation. In the same article he says
later lhat If we allow Socialism to
abolish private profit from business It
will destroy man's great incentive to
work. Here we have a man who says
the profit game is a rotten one and
still he is afraid the Socialists will
abolish It!
Revised by a Banter.
Whom tbe gods would destroy, they
first make fat.—Judge.
Business failures arjs on the increase, according to Dunn's report for
the past nine months. There were 11,-
816 falures, against S,M4 during the
same period ln 1911. eaaas
One-half of the race in the contest
ln which the workers are today engaged has already been run.
In lt our party has made more than
a creditable showing. Thousands,
many thousands, have flocked to our
Our war cry, our declaration for industrial freedom, the high aim of our
glorious cause, is like so much light
breaking Into the night of wage slavery,
Yesterday we burled the remains
of Comrade John Vourl, who had his
spine broken in the mine about six
months ago. Though he suffered a
great deal he did not make much
noise, for he was conscious of the
fact that he was a victim of the rule
of Capital, that he was being sacrificed upon its altar to appease its
ravenous greed lor profit. The wage
market being the feeding place where
the god, Capital, gorges itself, wage
slaves, though they are conscious of
In   the   crucible  of  suffering  and tllese filcls' are tlle leE|timate PW of
want the masses have been robbed of
the hope of Individual salvation and
are now embracing the new gospel of
collective salvation through cooperation.
It ls an inspiration to see and meet
the toilers of the land as they gather
from the hills and the plains, from the
cities and the farms, from the forests
and the mines, from the factories and
from the craft upon the waters.
this god and they must take chances
on their lives, even when they know
they are doing so. At. the miner's hall
a local preacher performed the usual
stunt. Then we marched to the grave.
A comrade read a paper in the Finn
language. The words capitalist and
wage slaves were all we English-
speaking comrades could savey. I
venture to say, however, tbat thw
death of our comrade was attributed
Their eyes are today flashing the,ne-ther to mystery nor to Jehovah in
terrible fire of determination.    They H's infinite wisdom.
sit in six thousand meetings today
eagerly listening lest they fail to catch
a word of the new message.
There is no North, no South; there
is no East, and no West. There are
no seperatlng lines of nationality or
Socialism is placing a bond around
them all, bringing together the industrial worker and the farmer, the miner
and the seaman, the lumber jack and
the mill hand, the man and the
Within our nation, torn asunder by
strife over possession, there grows up
the real nation, the nation of toilers,
from all ends and climes and corners
of the land.
All petty differences must be laid
aside. There is no issue before use today that ls not overshadowed by that
one big Issue—Here, Socialism; there,'
Capitalism. Which are we allied
with? Which stands for us and tor
which do we stand? Which shall come
out of the contest stronger than lt entered the contest? .Which shall,come
with colors unfurled and blazoned in
the morning air of a new day?
I say, "Socialism, first; Socialism,
last; Socialism at all times!"
He who assails my cause assails me,
my home, my wife, my children, my
every hope, my every aspiration, my
very life and being.
Comrades! He who fights capitalism intelligently, persistently, unswervingly, never flinching once; he
who stands true, morning, noon and
night, he ls my comrade.
We may err, we may make mistakes, but there is one mistake that
we must not make, one that is more
serious than all others in Its consequences, one more disastrous to our
cause, and that ls to divide our forces.
We shall not DIVIDE.
In my travels over the country I
have met many an old comrade; aged
comrades who have stood In this fight
for thirty, forty, even fifty years. These
comrades, now gray haired, have in
their day faced abuse, slander and
persecution; they have been driven
from City to City, from State to State.
Their heads are now hoary, their
backs bent by the weight of years,
their hands shake and their feeble
frames tremble. But the fire of years
that are gone are still in their eyes.
There the spirit of their youth still
lives. With jaws set and fists clenched
they are yet determined not to yield,
even one iota.
They have prepared the soil, they
have sown the seed; they have gathered the material; they have been the
It ls an Inspiration to meet them, to
look Into their eyes, to clasp those
gnarled hands, to hold them in reverential embrace, to let me pay my tribute. No better tribute can be paid
than to make a BOlemn vow to continue
nnd carry to completion the glorious
work lhat they have begun and to
which they dedicated the best that was
in them. Let us honor them by doing
the same.
And as our cause has attracted the
youth of fifty, thirty and ten years
ago, so it attracts and unites under
its banners the youth of today.
Youth—you will finish the work! A
•world for your opportunity. You will
reap the harvest that has been sown
by those who have gone before. You
will build with the material that they
have gathered.
You will plan the foundation and
lay stone upon stone. You will top
the structure with a root and adorn
that with pinnacles. You will carv"e
its gables ln bold relief, you wlll decorate Its Interior In rare design with
rare colors, for your hands are less
Btalned with individualism than are
ours, and you shall be possessed with
s more refined sense of beauty.
And then what have you built? You
have built a new social structure—a
social structure in which will dwell a
happier race, a race that can be more
nearly like its creator; a social structure in which old age will not beg,
widows and orphans will not weep,
and children will not be ground into
dividends and profits. It will be a social structure where men will be men,
overy inch of- them; where women
will not sell their virtue, where children will grow up into flowers of purer manhood and womanhood; a social structure that will realize the
dreams that have been dreamt by all
At the request of the comrades conducting the funeral the writer said:
"We are here this afternoon to pay
our last respects to the remains of a
most worthy member of our class; one
who never overlooked an opportunity to
expose the rule of capital and pave
the way for a social system that
would be free from class rule. Death
is but a change ot form. Matter cannot be destroyed. When we burn coal
we merely change Its form Into ashes,
gas, etc. The greatest intellects of
the age agree that man is the most
complete manifestation of life in the
universe, but even man has only one
source of knowledge, that ls experience. Experience has taught us that
men die; that is, change, so that life
is manifest in a different form, but
experience has also thaught us that
human beings can live twice, yea,
thrice as long as our comrade has
lived. The cause of his premature
death is not a mystery. In fact, it is
not far to seek. Every form of life
struggles to maintain itself as long
as it can. Those types of life that resort to mutual aid as between units
have an advantage in the struggle for
existence. For fully ninety-five thousand years the human family lived in
communistic societies. By mutual aid
we have conquered one form of natural force after another until we
have reduced premature death from
such sources to a minimum. But since
the decay of Communistic societies,
and the advent of a society based on
private property our great achievements have taken on an artificial
force termed "capital," which has
neither life to save nor body to hurt.
It has made us wage-slaves and
ruthlessly crushes out our lives. "Cap-
tal," that compels us to produce things
not for our own use, but for profit, is
the cause of the sufferings and the
premature death of our comrade;
the sorrow of his wife and children;
the making of them widow and orphans. The lesson to be learned at
this grave side ls that we must educate ourselves, so that we of the
working class may, by mutual aid,
break the rule of capital, to the end
that we may live to a ripe old age and
Individually enjoy what we collectively
Coleman, Alta., Oct 2, 1912.
By Wilfrid Gribble.
The other week the editor of a Labor paper in Spain was sentenced to
eight years' imprisonment for insulting the King's legs. The King has legs,
like most other Spaniards, but unfortunately they are what would be caller in humbler persons spindleshanks
—they are actually skinny. However,
the application of such vulgar terms
to Royal underpinning constitutes treason In that enlightened country, and
because the editor published a cartoon in which the King's legs were
shown as they actually are, he was
awarded eight years in a dungeon.
Legs are, It seems, a delicate subject
with the Spaniards. Once upon a time
a benighted but well-wishing person
sent a Spanish Queen a pair of very
fine silk stockings. They were promptly returned by the Prime Minister,
who crushingly wrote: "Queens are
not ordinary personages. Queens, sir,
have no legs." But Spanish Kings
have, lt seems as the enterprising
journalist has found out to his cost.—
"Moarlland Worker."
Comrades wishing to have questions
answered would confer a favor on us
by writing the question on a separate
slip of paper. If you have any suggestions to make outside of the ordinary
correspondence, write on a separate
slip  also.
the best of men of all ages; a social
structure that will be the answer to
the prayers of hundreds of millions,
when in the simplicity of their hearts
they pray:
"Thy kingdom come, thy will be
done on earth!"
Oh youth! The world ls yours! Go
and possess it!! Hold lt for all mankind!!!
Socialist   Candidate   tor   the   Vice-
Some hitherto dormant cells were
being stirred to activity in the brain
of George Lowden, as he leaned over
the rail and watched the shore o
England grow dimmer and dimmer as
the liner steadily throbbed her way
Though a young fellow of more
thoughtful and reflective nature than
his mates who had taken passage on
the same ship, life had hitherto been
to him largely, almost wholly, a mat
ter of course. He had "taken things
as they came." If at any time he had
been inclined to question things as
they were or the Tightness or wr.ong-
ness of things he had been taught
were right or wrong, the inclination
had soon passed away.
But now, though he had been think
lng for months of emigrating, and
had taken his passage weeks before,
with the actual sundering of old ties,
he was thinking seriously for the flrst
time what was the reason of the hard
conditions which had caused him to
leave his native land; It was not because of a spirit of adventure, it was
not because of a desire for travel; lt
was not even because ot a desire to
get an easier living than could be got
in the old land, that he had decided
on going to the new one. It was the
fact that a living of any kind was
hard to get, that conditions in England had become unbearable, that had
at last impelled him to take the great
step of crossing the ocean to that land
of opportunity of which he had read
so much in the papers.
But George, though not yet twenty-
two years of age, was thoughtful and
had not trusted wholly to the eulogistic newspaper descriptions of Canada.
He had taken the old atlas and
compared Canada's area with that of
the British Isles; he had noted the
fact that Its population was about
equal to that of London, and lt seemed
to him that ln a country so much
vaster, with so much smaller population than the land of his birth, there
must be a much "better chance" of
making a "good living" than in the
overcrowded old land.
And so, as a result of his thoughtful
decision, he was standing at the ship's
rail, looking at the vanishing coast
line with misty eyes and an aching
lump ln his throat, thinking earnestly, though vaguely, of the reason for
it all, and hopefully wondering how
he would "get on" in Canada, and how
long before he would be able to send
money home to the old mother, whose
mainstay he had been for years past.
Then he thought of the girl—yes,
there ls a girl ln this story, and perhaps some of the readers may think
he ought to have thought of her first
—and he wondered how long ere, in
that wonderful new country, he would
be able to make a home for her to
share. Oblivious of the gay chatter
of the lighthearted Lanchashlre lads
about him, who had left the same
town with largely the same hopes as
himself, his mind took on a retrospective mood and traveled back to the
earliest recollections of his childhood.
He remembered how he had sat one
sultry afternoon on the front doorstep
and wondered how he could not look
straight at the sun, and why is was so
round and red, but he did not remember asking anyone why. He remembered also one day sitting on the
same doorstep after a heavy rain
storm and looking, with pleased and
wondering gaze at the brilliant colors
of a rainbow that had followed the
storm. That Bame day there was a
motherly old woman in the house,
who Seemed to take charge of everything. His mother was not about as
usual and a new baby had mysteriously arrived.
He had asked the motherly old
woman where the baby had come
from, she had told him that it had
come from heaven, and he had implicitly believed her—his mother had often spoken of that wonderful place—
He remembered It had occurred
to him that, as the old woman knew
so much about the baby's advent, she
must be able to tell him something
about the rainbow, but the only Information she seemed able to give was
that If he would but get to the foot of
it he would flnd "a pot of gold thers.1'
The foot did not seem far away and
he had started out to flnd that pot of
gold and was brought back tired and
sleepy by a policeman to the care of
the much worried old woman.
And now, had he but known It, he
waB endeavoring to reach the foot of
another rainbow, not one painted by
nature, but one painted by'the hirelings of a class who lived without
working because his, George Low-
den's class, worked without living.
George did not know this then, but
he does now, for George Is a real
character who has learned some
things since he leaned over the liner's rail in a retrospective mood that
day. But "we anticipate," so will go
back to the retrospective George, leaning on the vibrating rail, looking at
the disappearing coast line, having a
kaleidoscopic vision of his earlier
years, with their simple, but well-remembered events.
He thought of the flrst Sunday
school  treat  he  had  attended,  and
how he had with a kind of sly innocence, pocketed a bun (buns were'
rare in his childhood) ln order to
take lt home to his mother, as a
great treat, and how he had been both
scolded and petted for his action.
Then there was another great occasion, when he and the rest of the
family had been treated to an whole
egg each (eggs had been almost unknown to George's childhood).
It seemed wonderful at the time,
but they had been given the money
for the eggs to "spend themselves."
His older brother, as was his right
of primogeniture had been given
charge of the cash, and George's mind
went back to the Important air this
brother wore as they all trooped down
the street to "choose the eggs." He
smiled now as he thought how impatient the shopkeeper must have been
over the time that was taken in
choosing those eggs.
They were arranged In a wonderful
wire thing, in a pryamid, and every
egg stood out clear from its fellows,
so you could see exactly what it waB
like. One wanted a brown egg, another wanted a white egg, but they all
wanted big eggs.
At last the eggs were chosen, and
the shopkeeper proceeded to put them
in a paper bag, but that wouldn't do,
each had to carry his or her own egg
How careful they were not to break
those eggs; how they gloated over
them after they had been carefully
placed on the "dresser" to wait till
"tea time." When "tea time" came
how they all crowded round mother
to superintend the cooking of those
rare and wonderful eggs. How they
discussed which had the best egg
while they were eating them, how
they tried to make them "laBt out,"
and how, after they had thoroughly
cleaned out the shells, they turned
them upside down so that the broken
ends would not show, and tried to
Imagine that they still had whole eggs
before them.
"Too simple and childish to write
about," some reader may say, but
Is it?—when there are millions of little children today, many more than
when George was a child, to whom an
egg "all to themselves," would be a
never forgotten event; children who
never have, any but the plainest and
coarest food and not enough of that;
children whose little frames are being
stunted in growth and robbed of
health; children whose little lives are
devoid of pleasure; children who never have been able to truthfully say, "I
can't eat any more;" children who
have never known, and who never
will know, anything but want and
squalor, blighted childish aspirations
and unsatisfied childish wishes, till
that day comes when enough of the
workers rise and say that they and
their children shall own the earth and
enjoy it in ItB fullness and plenty.
But this ls a story, and we must get
back to our hero—you will not flnd
him a conventional one—musing over
the steamer's rail, musing over past
occurrences too numerous to record
here, thinking particularly of his father's death when George was still too
young to realize the signtfllcance of
that event; of how, as he grew older,
he came to a knowledge ot his mother's hard struggle to provide for the
family; of his impatience, on realizing thiB, to grow big enough to go to
work in order to help that mother; of
how at last he did go to work in the
mines, and how proud he was at bringing home his first wages. Times
were even harder now than they had'
been when he was a boy, and he, a
grown man and a qualified miner, was
endeavoring to escape the hard conditions he could no longer tolerate by
going where he was told work was
more plentiful, to the coal mines of
At last the coast line faded entirely
from view, and turning away from the
rail, George, unlike most of the Lancashire lads, a man of few words, sat
listening to the merry chatter of his
chums, the quieter conversation of
some Scotchmen and the sing-song
but musical accents of several Welshmen who had quickly chummed up
with the party.
There ls a spirit of comradeship
among miners, aB among sailors, that
one does not find to the same extent
In other walks of life, probably explained by the dangerous nature of
those occupations, and before long, a
bond of fellowship was established
between these exiles, experiences
were exchanged, stories "swapped,"
songs sung and—don't flnd fault with
the writer, for he is but stating the
truth—bottles passed around, for some
of the party had thoughtfully provld-
el themselves with such before coming aboard.
If this was a work of fiction I Bhould
here chronicle that George refused to
drink when the bottle came round to
him, but he did not refuse. He had
learned, sad to say, as well as taking
many other things as a matter of
course, to take his "drop o' beer," likewise, as a matter of course, and, as a
matter of fact, George took a hearty
swig at the bottle when it came
round to him, and temporarily, at
least, felt the better for doing so.
(To be  Continued.)
Break your chains-
and Pre-emptions
Western Farming & Colonization Company, Limited
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Theatre
Tram Marks
AnroM •Kldlnf a sksl eh snd dsMriptlon mar
Qtltoklr ssosrtaln our opinion tree whether so
lnvsnUoa li probsblf patenUble.  Communis.
special notice, without charge. In
tlons strlotlr confldeutl
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Patents taken through Munn
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Book and
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Eight Lectures, Ingersoll 25c
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We need money and we want to
make way for new pamphlets. Therefore we make the following offer:
Manifesto of S. P. of C  10c
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Better Service   Same Old Prices
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50 &nrtalt0t ^nraja
°with music, 25 cents. By Bouck
White. Handsomely bound. For
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etc. Propaganda on every page.
New. Postpaid. Stamps or coin.
Address, Socialist Literature Co*
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Price: 50c each
or 5 for $2.00
Dominion Executive Committee
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In all counlries.Ask for our 1NVENTOB';
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36-HJniversitjrSS.Cor 5!^ Catherine St.Mor.tri..'.
301 Dominion Trust Building
Vancouver, B.C.
Vancouver Island
To Readers of "The Clarion"
I have received a large number of enquiries for improved
British Columbia farm lands from readers of the "Clarion."
I have just purchased a farm on the Stampe River, about
two miles from the city limits of Alberni, which I am subdividing into blocks of about ten acres each.
The soil is very rich bottom land and each block will have
about five acres cleared, and the other five acres will be very
light clearing, most of it having been slashed a number of yeara
ago. Price will average $250 per acre. This will all be rapidly sold in Alberni. Two railroads are projected through the
property, and Alberni City is growing rapidly.
If any readers of the "Clarion" wish to reserve a block,
I will hold same for them upon receipt of a deposit of $100.
Papers will be ready for execution in about 60 days.
Terms one-third cash and the balance can be spread over
three years if required. Interest 7%. If unable to visit the
property yourself, I will select a block for you.
This is a good thing either for actual settlement or speculation, and I will guarantee your money.
Dunsmuir St.,


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