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Western Clarion Jan 1, 1910

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Array •   •
gtt 560.
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, January 1, 1910.
subscription Price   -*>■ ||
P»» V-ua        itl.lll
A Rousseau, a Voltaire, or^a Lam-
.. arck never made a revolution. At its
best, the philosophers revolt can be
no more than a storm in an inkpot
for there ts but one, natural revolu
tlonist. The worker alone needs revolution, and the worker only can bring
it about. In commercial life labor is
the object, and more of it for less remuneration is the program of commercial oppressiop; and from labor's resistance only can the life of true liberty be wrought out.
The world's continuance in bonds Is
due to his individualism ' and weariness. There are some whom the forces of capitalist oppression froces Into
discontent; others reach It tiy Intellect and sense of shame. There are
some who kick alone, some who kick
in classes, and some who do not kick
at all. The man who kicks alone may
be merely an unhappy nuisance, but
yet he may be of some use, because of
the discomfort he gives to those who
have no right to be comfortable at bis
Tbe man who kicks with a group is
evolutionally a greater person no matter what group he kicks for. But the
man who kicks with a fundamental
group, such as the man who .loins the
Socialist movement, snd thus kicks for
labor, flrst and last, and with the most
constant, common, and widespread hu
man wrong, Is-vitally In line as a kicker with the'racial movement. He who
casts in his intellect with the revolt of
labor Is moving with the stars.
We are often told by our capitalistic
friends (?) {at election times) that all
men are born equal, and that we are
all engaged ln the pursuit of happiness. I have no quarrel with the
workingman who is engaged in the
pursuit of happiness, mainly because
I do not know where to find hlnr, I
have never met him, and I don't believe there Is one. I know that I have
never pursued that phantom, happiness—neither have you. We are pursued, not pursuers, and our pursuer is
mastershp, misery, and that economic
whip which is sometimes called hunger. The liberty of pursuing anything
but a job of work is not ours, or ever
has been. Our utmost efforts now
must be to turn and save ourselves
from economic destruction; and this is
the program of the Socialist movement.
The pursuit of happiness! Let us
abandon such an hoary impertinence;
we have not yet bread, and there is
also no happiness for humanity In
bread alone, we need more as refugees from the animal kingdom. Our
escape is from loneliness to other people,' our physical and economic redemption is Socialism. What then is
happiness? It ls society. How shall
we pursue It? By pursuing Its antithesis, social wrongs. Thus before
we can hope to attain happiness we
must of necessity change the present
order of anarchistic capitalist society
and substitute that order of society
which will demand justice to all men
and equal opportunities.
$0 long as the master class can keep
the world divided into bugs and slugs,
the revolutionary and moral force of
the world is wanted. To correct the
faults or Improve the characters of
per.sons by direct treatment Is the toll
of Tantalus. One fault will only succeed another, and poorer characters
continually take the place of those
which you have expelled. Learn then
to treat all the faults of your friends
and enemies at the root. The art of
kicking, therefore, is a social and not
a private art, and he who kicks any
other way only kicks his own toes.
Where the workman's resentment,
his outcry, his brain, bis interest and
his arm are not, then there is no curative, no revolutionary kicking. Complaint and resistance may be all you
can now do, but we can all complain
and resist, and lt ls our peculiar sorrow that we all have good, sufficient
and exclusive daily material for so
doing. ,
Personal wrongs may be physically
inflicted, self-inflicted or socially Inflicted. Socialism has much to do with
the first, more with the second, but
most with the third. Pain, cold, hunger, heat, weakness, sickness and premature death; ignorance, isolation,
laslness, cowardice, content and sui
cide ; oppression, inequity, restraint,
privation, overwork, misdirection and
waste of labor; these three groupB indicate so many circles of resistance
whereon the person Who makes for a
true manhood—that is, the true self-
preservation of him in identity with
society—must take his stand.
It is u?> to every workingman now
to say whether he will be a non-re-
sister or a kicker, whether he will live
a life of non-resistance on all these
three spheres of challenge, and so help
to perpetuate this present damnable
system of injustice and misery, or
whether he will accept the call of the
wrongs that are, of his wrongs, manfully fight his part, and by doing so,
do all tbat lies In any one man's power (his best) to end tbe Injustice, the
misery, the poverty, the parasitical
idleness, the useless toil, the economical anxieties and worries, and to bring
In place of them a form of society under which none of these vices could
possibly exist, a society in which there
shall be no drones, but every man
shall'be garnering honey for tbe common hive—the Co-operative Commonwealth—the entrance to which lies
through a door called Socialism. Are
you kicking?
■>'•' p. BLAKE.
On Monday afternoon about one
hundred members of Local Vancouver
attended the funeral of Comrade William Dreaver at the old cemetery. The
proceedings were of a simple and sensible character.
The gathering was addressed at the
grave by Comrade Fitzgerald, who
gave a rousing and eloquent speech,
the text of which was to the effect
that we were not met there intoxicated by sentiment and superstition, but
to take a last farewell of a Comrade
who in the class war fought on our
side. The dead body itself was a protest against the system under which
we lived, because there was no doubt
that Comrade Dreaver's existence was
made painful and his life shortened by
the hell of capitalism. The best tribute we could pay to Dreaver's memory was to continue the struggle with
fiercer and fiercer determination until
victory crowned our efforts.
At the conclusion of Fitzgerald's
speech the first, and last verses of the
Red Flag were sung, after which the
writer spoke a few words. Tbe grave
was then filled in and we bad a pleasing surprise from our Finnish Comrades, who came forward with a
wreath containing a scarlet cloth, upon which was engraved the name of
the deceased, to gether with tbe name
of the Finnlsb Local (No. 45), who presented the token. This was placed at
the head of the grave, and the ceremony was at an end.
Comrade Dreaver was a useful member of the Party and will often he
spoken of, both In Calgary and Vancouver, as one who worked both faithfully and well for the Cause. As a
speaker he was logical and convincing, being gifted with a style and delivery that was both simple and effective. He was one who read few
books, but those that he tackled he
thoroughly mastered. His favorite
book was Herbert Spencer's "First
Principles," and this work he had digested before he entered tbe Socialist
movement. Those who have studied
Spencer's philosophy Will have an idea
of Dreaver's method of debate. He
was more of a philosopher than an
economist and delighted in unravelling Intricate problems. If any stranger wandered Into the Local from over
the line and proceeded to lay down
the law, Dreaver would protest vehemently against any of the Comrades
taking part hut himself. "Leave him
to me," he would say, and when Dreaver had finished with him the stranger
had generally a better opinion of the
Canadian movement than he possessed before.
- As a lecturer our late Comrade occupied a place tbat will be hard to
fl'I. ' He was better able than most to
reach the untutored mind. He would
take about three points and thrash
them out so clean and clear that those
Who owned any thinking capacity at
all were bound   to understand.   He
held the opinion that the social question would be settled without bloodshed, and when some of the more fiery
Comrades talked about things coming
to a fight he would scornfully exclaim:
"Fight! What have you got to fight
but your own damned ignorance?"
For some time past he suffered from
heart disease, and this prevented him
from following any settled employ
ment. He was often up against it, but
his genial and buoyant disposition remained unsoured. The Comrades of
the Local were all his friends,- and
shortly before his death presented him
with a sum of money as a token of
their appreciation. He died very suddenly; he was laughing at some remark maOe by one of his friends in his
room, when he expired. The smile
was upon the face even in death, plainly showing that he had no pain at the
end. He was somewhere between fifty
and sixty years of age, tall and stout
of build.
One feature about Dreaver was that
he improved both ln education and as
a propagandist with increasing years.
He was a regular attendant at all the
economic and progressive classes and
there Is no doubt that had he been
spared he would have developed more
up to the moment of his death was as
youthful and ardent as a boy's.
He was passionately fond of music
and possessed a violin of venerable
appearance, upon wbich he performed
with no little skill. He loved life and
endeavored to make all who came in
contact with him look cheerfully at
everything. A Determlnlst he of course
looked upon things from that standpoint.
As a proof of his optimistic nature,
he often expressed the view that man
would eventually overcome death;
his idea being that woman held that
secret In her make-up, and when woman was economically free and had
full opportunity of development, she
would place at the disposal of the
race the knowledge that would enable
each individual to live as long as he
According to the Japanese Socialist
News, edited by our Comrade S. J.
Katayama, the movement ln Japan has
been having some hard times. The
present ministry has done its utmost
to crush the movement out of existence. All the Socialist papers—except
the one edited by Katayama—have
been suppressed; many Socialist agitators have been arrested and Imprisoned, and those not arrested have been
threatened and intimidated. At the
same time there have been internal
dissensions—an Anarchist element
having arisen. The government has
passed a law which enables the public authorities to confiscate MSS. or
power than hitherto because his mind (proofs,    and    practically institutes a
press censorship as bad as in Russia.
Unemployment and many strikes have
kept our Comrades busy. "We are
by no means crushed," says Katama-
ya; "on the contrary, we are growing
steadily as tbe oppressive measures
become harsher." Among the Socialist papers suppressed was one for
women, tbe editor of which, Ishikawa,
was subjected to a considerable fine.
Socialism ls a recognition on the
part of the working class that their
labor produces the wealth of the
world, and that they should be the
owners' of the earth, and until the
workers as a class recognize this,
their condition-will get worse and
There is only one kind of Socialist,
the revolutionary or Marxian Socialist, who realizes the Marxian theory
of value and surplus value, the increasing misery of the workers under
capitalism, the concentration of capital in the hands of a few, competition
ending in combination and monopoly,
the class struggle between the capitalists and the workers, the necessity
of capturing the powers of government, and the ultimate overthrow of
the present system by the working
class, not because lt is unjust but because it has outgrown Its usefulness,
and like the systems that preceded It,
It must make way for a system that
will provide plenty for all and not
cause starvation in the midst of
Nature Itself has convicted our
present system to its face. Can you
nay that the want, misery nnd degroda-
tion of the workers ls caused by nature giving us an Insufficient supply of
the necesitlcs of life to supply the
needs of all. Nature has provided an
abundance of the resources of life for
countless billions of human beings,
but these resources are a luxury.
Lpok In any large city at the homeless, the starving, the outcasts of society, are not the needs of life a
luxury ln this the morning of the
twentieth century? Why, because the
workers, who produce, do not own,
and as fast as tbey produce their
products,are appropriated by the capitalist, whOBe only mission ls to own
and live off the toil of the workers.
For what the workers do, the capitalist
gives them back In wages just enough
to keep them In producing condition,
just the same as they give oil and
fuel to the machine.
Workers, are you content with these
conditions? If you are, you are a
hopeless case; lt not, your place Is ln
the Socialist movement, fighting side
by side with your comrades in the
greatest fight In the records of history—the fight of the workers to forever overthrow the puppets who are
living off their brain and sinew, and,
the working clasB being the last class
In society to be emancipated, It will
mean(the emancipation of all mankind
without distinction as to race, creed,
color or sex.
The workers themselves mUBt
achieve their own liberty. All history ln the past demonstrate how the
workers have been again and again
betrayed when they have entrusted
their liberty to a clas superior to them
In worldly possessions. Don't be mis-,
guided by the discarded intelectuals of
the capitalist class, an intellectual is
one who, having a colege education,
and in oratory being a gem of the
flrst water, perceiving the spirit of
the revolt growing amongst the workers, takes advantage of that discontent
by prostituting his brains, milking the
labor movement, talking of the brotherhood of man, acting as a detriment
to the social revolution by filling the
workers up with false Ideas, and, of
course, getting what he is not out
for (?) large fees and expenses.
Fellow slaves who want to be free,
don't bother with these cast-offs of the
capitalists. It was the discarded military and political leaders of the capitalists who defeated the workers of
France at the time of the Paris Commune. Take a lesson from past experience. If the working class have
not the brains within their own ranks
to guide them through the npproa h-
Ing revolution, then we must forover
bury the word liberty, for it can never
have any real meaning. But we have
the brains, the workers at all times
had the brains to do all the useful
work of society; in fact, to do everything except govern themselves and
get the full result of their labor.
Mr. Wage Slave you have the
brains, develop them, and you can do
that by reading Karl Marx and Engels.
Pin your faith to them, read their
works, study them, criticise them, find
faults or errors If you can (I know you
can't), and then you will not be deceived by an adventurer from the
capitalist of the fast-dying middle
class, but will be able to do your share
towards the enlightenment of the
workerB, and also to your own freedom, and you have all the forces of
evolution on your side. Socialism
must follow capitalism as sure as light
follows darkness. Its speedy coming
depends on the devotion and tbe
energy of those who have already seen
the light. If you are one of those,
fight on, keep the Issue clear; we
are bound to win In the end, and see
ln our day the dawn of anew form
of civilization in which man will be
able to live In harmony with his fellow-man Instead of being pitted
against him in the struggle of getting a living-
Hitting the pipe, a few injections of
morphine, or a good big jag, will put
the ordinary man into a perfect state
of mental bliss, sufficiently intoxicating to his senses to enable him to temporarily forget that life,Is a struggle
between various bunches of lunatics,
whom God in his infinite wisdom and
mercy placed on this earth for the purpose of playing bell with each other,
and getting hell for doing it. But for
the real thing ln the dope line; something you know that will produce a
genuine "Nervana," commend ' me to
a real live railway policy, of the Dick
and Dan dimension; with prosperity
sticking out of it like the hope of a
new Jerusalem.
Cheap rates, jobs galore, big wages,
small hours, are the various pipe
dreams indulged in, by every specie
of sucker, who Imagines tbat railway
policies, or any other policy Inaugurated by a government, at 'the Instigation of the ruling class, are put forward, for the express purpose of giving anything to anybody but the one
with the big mit. A sucker is born
with every tick of the clock, and if
you fail to catch him; he gets sore.
McBride acted on that policy, and the
way be roped bis cattle in, demonstrated the efficiency of his methods. He
ls the high Mogul of the C. P. R., C. N.
R., G. T. P. et al, In the province of
British Columbia, and lt you don't believe me ask the mule-, who voted for'
Governments are the executives of
the Capitalist class,-and maintained in
power, so long as they administer
affairs suitably to ruling' class Interests. That portions of the ruling class
elect opposition, or allow them to be
elected, is simply for the purpose of
deluding of the working class, or gaining power to further their own particular interests, but never in any instance is it elected for the purpose of
putting in jeopardy the foundatloa,
that ALL present political parties nd-
here to (Socilaist Party alone excepted) viz Capitalist property.
All governments are rotten, have
been putrid, dictatorial, oppressive,
and will continue to be so, as long as
there is a class tb be kept in subjection. When the time comes, which' it
must, tor the emancipation of the
working classes from Capitalism; government will cease to exist.
"Socialist Government." Oh, pickles!
When 1 hear a speaker mention about
benovelent and just government under
Socialism, I feel like a man with a bad
attack of sea-sickness. There wlll be
no government in a co-operative society inaugurated by the working
class. How can there be? The majority of people confuse administration
with government, and, their statement
that government has always existed
is erroneous; consequently It is misleading. When Socialists make the
distinction between the two, as being
fundamental; they are acused of splitting hairs on such a fine point.
The distinguishing features of civilization in contradistinction to barbarism, and the foundation of Its existence as a new epoch, was the institution of slavery, made possible by gov;
eminent or the powers of coercion
Previous to that time administration
was carried on within the tribes, and
federations, by elected councils responsible to the people. 'Every historian of
note has been compelled to admit the
absence of any evidence that would
lead him to suppose the existence of
the powers of coercion such as professional men at arms, standing armies,
militia, or police.
It stands out quite plain then, that
In order to keep slaves, force had to
be the mainstay of that society which
had its existence by virtue of slavery,
and laws were writtten commands of
the ruling class, to uniformly express
the power they exercised. Government supports slavery, consequently
with the abolition of wage slavery,
government ceases to exist, as there
is no class in society below the working class to keep in subjection.
In order to have a government you
must have a governing class, and a
governed class, and if such was the
case with the abolition of tbe present
capitalist class, there would spring into existence another class of dictators, who could not, nor would not use
power any more benificiently than pre«
vious dictators have done. If I am
going to be clubbed by a policeman',' I
would just as soon lt be done under
Capitalism as Socialism. Socialist bull
pens, jails, militia, detectives, etc.,
might look good to a. Christian' Socialist (whatever'that ls), but not to a
It might seem strange to some
people that the Canadian Pacific Rail*
way Company did riot' object to tfie
C. N. R. getting running rights through,
their British Columbia province, but
if they owiy recollect a few years previous, when the C. N. R. came' thepugb
"Our" Province of Manitoba, and gob»-
led up the few acres that theO.- P. R..
left, the C. P. R. dldrit let a yell out
If lt that would hurt a sick cat' The
same bunch of capitalists Who own the
C. P. Hi, own the C. N. R. and the b-
T. P. and only organize under different names to get concessions that they
otherwise would not dare to take. Anything to keep (he people fooled, ito
that they can continue tb skin' them.1
The idea of -governments working
for the people is better understood
when you say they work the people
who Imagine that Conservatives are
ih'powerin British 'Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, etc., and the Liberals in
Alberta, Saskatchewan,' Nova Scotia, -
etc. Let me tell you that the Capitalist class always is In power, notwithstanding a change of factions, and alio
that they use the powers of government for purposes I mentioned before.
The working class in Manitoba Will
have another chance to protest against
their slavery before many moons.
The Roblln, Rogers, Caldwell bunch,
are preparing for the war-path, arid.
the Manitoba provincial elections will
In all probability take place before the
next C. P. R. harvest. The Roblln
government through Caldwell the minister of education promised the grain-
growers, at their convention that tho
government-owned elevators would be
taken up by the house at the next session.
There ls no doubt ln my mind, but
what the Roblln crowd will go to the
country on that issm, und if the Socialists can get a hustle on themselves
within the next six months, there wilt
be a duplication of the British Columbia politics in Mantoba.
Our Comrade Armstrong has convinced me that the farmer Is In riper ,
condition for Socialism than the city
buck, steeped as he ls In bourgeois
knowledge and sentiment. It the farmers who are readers of the Clarion on '
anyone elBe residing in the province
and who are Interested In tbe movement, will only shake off that mental
apathy, which clogs their brain and
get In touch with that demon for work,
EM. Fulcher of Brandon; thU province
will give the masters such a scare that
they wlll never recover from It.
If the runners only knew that their
Interests are Inseparable from Ihe rest
of the working class; that the title-
deeds to a little piece of property Is
only at best a mortgage on the hard
work which prevents them from seeing their slave condition to a master
class; who take from them their pro-
duet by reason of owning elevators and
railways, which are Capitalist property
and to which they muBt deliver their
oats, wheat, hay , hogs, etc., for purpose of exchange, getting ln return
what all masters have given to their
producing  class  "their   feed."
Manitoba is rotten ripe for organization; with tbe aid of the Dominion Executive and Comrades throughout the
Dominion, our efforts can be concentrated to such an extent that at least
two men should find a seat In the
Kennedy Street hog pen.
W. H. S.
Locals wishing to have Commission-.
ers for taking Affidavits appointed to
put men on the voters' list ln their
district, should send In tbe nsmes to
Comrades Hawthornthwaite or Williams now.
N.   B.—It is   necessary   to send  full
name (Christian and surname), full
address snd occupation.
Is everybody's name on the voter**
list? TWO
Ib Men Qui
sTsMished every Saturday hy the,
■aoianst Party of Canada, at the Omce.
at tha Western Clarion, Flack Blook
■asement, 1SS Bastings Street, Vanoou-
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Just at this time everybody Is ob-
serving the time honored custom of
wishing everybody else a happy New
Tear. This ls done without regard to
-prospects of happiness or unhapplness.
-It ls merely a habit that we have
-fallen Into just like chewing tobacco
-or snoring while asleep.
It has always seemed to us rather
-Ironical to wish anyone a happy New
"Tear when, if we knew anything at
all, we could not be unmindful of the
"fact that the year would be one of
-toll and struggle, privation and dis-
-comfort. What Irony, for instance,
to wish the average wage slave Buch
-felicitious experience as happiness
for the coming twelve months when
we know that during such period his
nose will be held to the grindstone
•of capitalist exploitation In order to
.obtain for himself and those dependent upon him at the most but little
better, than the bare necessities of
life. To even suggest to him thoughts
of happiness under such' circumstances is to unnecessarily call to hla
-mind the Impossibility of attaining it
-at least until after he Is dead. Even
-then lt ts problematical, being purely
a matter of faith.
The working class of the world has
i -nothing to expect during the year now
'begun, -other than ruthless exploitation "by Capital, along with all it implies, in the way of slavish toll, more
,*>r less of unemployment, meagre
•wages and a general Intensification of
ihe misery that falls to the wage-
Slaves lot under the process of capital-
let production.
The slaves of Capital will, during
tbe present year, produce an aggregate
Of wealth stupendous In mangnttude.
-They do this each year as it rolls by.
.At the year's end they own nothing.
"That being their portion at the year's
'beginning they may truthfully be said
' to have held their own at least. There
(.may be some satisfaction In that but
scarcely enough to.be denominated as
By the end of 1910 capital will
' .have grow n enormously ln bulk.
Thanks to the productivity of labor
equipped with modern industrial ap-
.pliances an enormous profit will be
.harvested by the masters of Capital
.and their smug visages are even now
- annolnted as with the oil of gladness
ln anticipation of it. It were Idle to
wish them a happy New Year as they
have a lead pipe cinch on it anyhow.
About the only prospect of happiness for tbe thousands of starving of
-the working class who were fed by the
band of charity on Christmas 1909
is the 'prospect of receiving another does of charity grub next Christmas. They will have time to cultivate
: seat and appetite to enable them to
celebrate the happiness of an er e
.year unto the time limit of a chi i*y
It li safe to assume that the New
Tear wll be marked by labor agitations and labor struggles galore. The
workers will acquire a little more
knowledge in the school of bitter experience. They will be a little better equipped for the final struggle to
break the chains of servitude that
has so long bouad them to the chariot
wheels cd*the master class. A realisation of the mission of labor in the
evolution of human society from slavery to freedom will bring comfort to
the tortured soul of many a worker
during the year bit*, this persistent
awakening of labor will bring no happiness to the brutal ruling class that
now wields the lash of economic mastery. At the year's end that clasn
will be nearer Its doom an1 this
thought Bhould bring some satisfaction
to even the JoWobs Hlave why lias no
prospect of snotbor meal befcre,next
This talk about a happy New Year
is all bosh. No true bspplneas
can obtain so long as social and Industrial Institutions rest upon the enslavement of labot.
Juggernaut, meaning "Lord of the
World," was the name aplled to the
fndian god Krishna. Three or. four j
centuries before Christ It was customary in India to erect huge wooden images of this god, mounted on wheels,
ih front of which upon. festal occasions deluded worshipers threw themselves, the wheels passing over their
bodies thus crushing the life out of
them. It was thought that death by
such means insured a seat lu heaven
through all eternity to the deluded
victims. It ls needless to remark lhat
such cruel and barbarous proceedings
could not have been indulged in were
it not for the superstition and Ignorance of the wretched victims themselves. So long as such superstition
and ignorance held sway in the human
mind it was possible to continue this
ridiculous and suicidal practice.
Happly, however, this cruel practice
has long since been abandoned. No
longer can human beings be found so
bereft of reason as to sacrifice themselves upon such an altar of folly.
This by no means proves, however,
that superstition and ignorance have
entirely vanished from the human
mind. They still exist, although in
perhaps a lesser degree, as anything
like a careful observation of current
phenomena wlll disclose.
The god Krishna no longer holds
dominion over the world, It is true, but
another has arisen to take his place,
equally cruel and monstrous, and the
reign of this later god Is sustained
and made possible only through the
superstition and ignorance of the victims immolated upon Its altar. That
god Is Capital. Us dominion over the
world Is more complete than was that
of the ancient Juggernaut, Krishna,
for It embraces all people, of whatever
country, while that of the latter was
confined more particularly to the
southern Asiatic countries alone. Ab
Its dominion is of greater area and extends over a vastly larger population
it follows 'that Its victims far exceed
in numbers that of its ancient predecessor. That the reign of Capital is
more absolute than was that of Krlnsh-
na ls readily seen from the fact that
every one of its subjects must submit to being crushed beneath its merciless wheels, whether or no.
To assert that the entire working
class must, and does, throw itself be
neath the wheels of this modern Jug
gernaut is true in a figurative sense
only. The plain fact of the case is
that every worker must sacrifice himself to this merciless monster by offering himself body and soul as food
for the mills of Capitalist production
Here the bodies of men, women and
children are converted into the rich
profits by the absorption and assimilation of which the disgusting and filthy
carcase of this vulgar god attains to
ever larger and more disgusting proportions.
The greater the bulk of this delectable monster, tbe more voracious Its
appetite and tbe more cruel and merciless It becomes in Its efforts to satisfy It. The greater the number of its
victims and the larger the volume of
juicy profits ground from their bodies,
the more vigorous and insatiable becomes the appetite of this Inhuman
and monstrous modern Juggernaut.
Everybody must bow down in reverence to the god, Capital, and obey
its every decree. Nations tremble at
Its power and individuals are deprived
of the right to exist unless tbey can
still contribute the sweet juice of profit for the delectation of Capital. When
their bone and flesh wlll no longer after the svfeet Incense so pleasing to
the Capitalist nostrils this god no longer looks with favor upon them, they
are cast out from his presence, their
sacrifice has become complete. They
can only escape further miseries by
"shuffling off this mortal coll."
While the ancient Juggernaut promised a heavenly pasture through all
eternity for Us victims as a reward
for their sacrifice of life beneath Its
wheels, the modern Juggernaut, Capital, commands it", victims to perish
beneath its wheels In this life and the
devil take them in the next. The command must be obeved or life be forfeited by swift torture. If the command be obeyed Lie same result is
reached by a torture somewhat more
prolongued. Under the reign of the ancient Juggernaut the sacrifice ot the
victim was voluntary upon his part.
If possessed of a modicum of sense he
could refrain from throwing himself
beneath its cruel wheels. Under the
reign of the modern Juggernaut none
can escape the sacrifice other than
they who are ln a position to avoid
the Ignominy of labor.
The beneficiaries of this modern god
constitute the Capitalist class, Its victims the working class. The former
are few in numberB, the latter are
many. Were It not for the blind
superstition and silly.Ignorance of the
workers this modern Juggernaut
would soon be relegated to that lumber room, of oblivion that long since
swallowed up the horrid god contrivance of ancient India.
May that superstition and Ignorance
be swiftly removed and the light of
reason Illumine the dark recesses of
the human mind to the end that sacrificial folly may cease and the way
cleared for an enlightened civilization
based upon the common purpose tp
safeguard and render secure and
happy the existence of every individual unit comprising the great human
family. The time for the abrogation
of the modern'Juggernaut is at hand.
The hour for a new social and industrial dispensation rapidly approaches.
According to the report issued by
the Secretary of Agriculture at Washington, the season's crop for 1909 in
the United States amounts to $8,760,-
000,000 ln value. This is asserted to
be a record breaker, if equally distributed among the people of that
country each man, woman and child
would receive approximately $100
worth of farm products in the shape
of corn, cotton, wheal, oats, rye, buckwheat, potatoes, etc.. which would appear to be quite sufficient to supply
all legitimate needs for at least a period of twelve months.
Many delightful editorials are being
written boasting of the wonderful prosperity falling to the lot of the farmer
as a result of this magnificent crop.
Pleasing stories are told of the way
the members of the tribe of "hayseeds" are paying off the mortgages
upon their farms and buying pianos
and automobiles as Christmas presents
for their relatives and friends. The
amount of money "old hayseed" ls
stowing away ln the bank for future
enjoyment Is something phenomenal,
if these editorial fables are to be believed.
We have no desire to be classed as
a "doubting Thomas," and yet we are
prone to believe that there is no such
strict adherence to truth upon the
part of these editorial prosperity scribblers as was the most marked characteristic of the famous George Washington, during his earlier years at
least. Our memory reaches back the
better part of half a century and we
fail to possess any recollection of a
year marked by a shortage of crops.
If the season just past has been notable for a crop of greater magnitude
than those preceding lt, this has been
probably due, principally, to an increased acreage of ground cultivated
or otherwise used. With an increasing population this is quite to be expected. In fact, there is little in it to
call for special comment.
The United Sates census is taken
every ten years. As the last one was
taken in 1900, this year will again be
census year. The story of the farmers' career of prosperity Is interestingly told ln these census reports. With
each succeeding decade the percentage of farmers unencumbered by mortgage decreases, while that of mortgaged farms and farms worked by tenants increases. In other words, the
percent;' .' of farmers who own and
operate -.heir farms, unencumbered by
mortgage, is steadily decreasing. And
this in spite of the fact that neither
year nor decade is marked by anything like a general shortage of crop.
In view of the prosperity "bull con"
about mortgages being paid off as a
result of the big crops of 1909, the census returns of 1910 will prove interesting reading, no doubt.
That large chunks of prosperity will
be assimilated by certain Interests in
the community Is beyoud question, but
those Interests will not be the farmers. The bulk of the crop of 1909 has
ere this passed out of the hands of the
farmer. It has bepn turned Into the
channels of the c- "itallst market to
be frittered eventu»uy Into the hands
of consumers scattered all over the
earth. After this has all been done
and the year's crop entirely disposed
of, it will be found that capitalist property has increased In bulk very noticeably, while the farmers and wage
slaves who raised the crop, fashioned
it Into form for human consumption,
and transported It to wherever needed, are at least a shade leaner than before lt all happened. They can then
"gird up their loins" and buckle In
and raise another big crop for the satisfaction and glory of the capitalist
beast that swallowed ihe last one, and
so on ad Infinitum,
Speaking of big crops, lt might be
well to note also that 100,000 persons
were stuffed with grub by the hand of
charity In the city of New York alone
on Christmas Day. Any one at all familiar with the dynamics of modern
charity will easily understand that no
buttons were burst from the garments'
of the stuffees because of too vigorous
stuffing. At any rate 100,000 starvelings in a single city affords an excellent Illustration of the magnitude of
the crop that capital produces while
the millions of Its enslaved victims in
Held, factory, mine, etc., pour billions
of wealth Into Its capacious maw.
Widespread poverty and misery alongside of an annual production of wealth
greater In volume than the world ever
saw before leads one to the conclusion that the biggest of all big crops
Is the crop of suckers that does the
world's work.
Comrade Lestor's statement In the
Clarion for December 11 regarding
Bnhm-Ilawerke, that he '.'never understood Marx. He showed this whan
bracketed Marx and Hegel together,"
somewhat startled me. If-the-mere
fact of coupling these two names
proves one's ineptitude in that re-
Bpect. then I must confess to a coifi-
plete misunderstanding' of Marx, because not only have 1 bracketed Hegel
and Marx, but I'constantly associate
them in my own min,d. I fancy I am
not alone in so doing, and that some
others who most certainly do understand -Marx are guilty of this offence
I should like to give briefly my reasons for transgressing in thus speaking of these two intellectual giants in
the sume breadth of line.
Marx himself, speaking of Proudhon,
said. "During my stay in Paris, in
1844, I had personal relations with
Proudhon. * * • In our long discussion, often lasting all night, I infected him with Hegellamlsm, to his
great prejudice, since not knowing
German he could not study the matter
Engels says of Hegel that, "he
showed us the way, even If he did not
know it himself, out of this labyrinth
Of systems, to a real positive knowledge of the world." Perhaps this is
w.hy some Socialist writer, I forget
whom, speaks of Engel's "standing on
the shoulders of Hegel."
"Marx wrote to Dletzgen once to
this effect. "Once my work on Economies is finished, I shall write a Dialectics. The laws of Dialetlcs have
been formulated by Hegel, though, In
a mystical form. What we have to do
Is to strip It of that form." This, he
and Engels had commenced long before he wrote these words.
Hegel dealt the death blow to the
metaphysical form of reasoning by introducing evolution into philosophy.
He viewed history and the world not
as a constant form but variable. Just
as Darwin, in studying animals, insects, etc., found that while there
were differences In all species, yet
there were also fundamental similarities, so much so, he pointed out, that
they came from a common origin; so
did Hegel with the forms of society.
But Hegel could not, as Engels says,
"Leap the intellectual barriers of his
time." Hegel, like old Heraclltus,
taught that forms do not exist for all
time, but constantly change. Heraclltus was nicknamed the Obscure, and
Dletzgen says that Hegel and Heraclltus had much In common even to obscurity. How many Marx critics, according to Austin Lewis, complain that
Marx suffers from this same obscurity
particularly in Capital, which some of
us know from experience; and they
blame his early association with
Hegel's writing for this fault.
Feuerback followed Hegel and he declared that "his philosophy was no
philosophy." Philosophy from now on
gives place to positive science. With
Fenerbach were several others, since
almost forgotten, who formed the Extreme Left or radical element of
Hegel's disciples, called tbe Young
Hegelians. Marx and Engels joined
this group in their youth, breaking
With them, however, very early, and
embalming the most prominent in the
memory of mankind by making a Jest
of them in the "Holy Family," much
as Virgil, Dryden, Pooe and other
Satirists have preser* J the names of
"tbe illustrious Obscure" in their
satires. Of this school Strauss and
Bauer are known to students of the'
ology, and Stirner has recently been
dug out of the graveyard of oblivion
because of his extreme Individualism
His book, 'The Ego and His Own,"
has been publlshel a couple of years
since by, 1 believe, the Truthseeker
Publishing Co.
However, Marx and Engels, when
they broke away from this school, proceeded to lay the foundation for the
work of which Marx wrote to Dletzgen
quoted above, and formed another
which, as Engels says, was "the only
one which has borne real fruit." Engels, however, with characteristic modesty, disclaims any right to being
named at the part-head of this school,
saying In a foot note, "What I contributed, Marx could readily have carried out without me, with the exception of a pair of special applications.
What Marx supplied I could not have
readily brought."
This Is an interesting subject to me
and I find myself drifting Into a dissertation on the historical development of Socialism, and I fear I have
already transgressed on space, so shall
conclude with two quotations from
men who certainly did understand
Marx, although guilty of coupling his
name with Hegel.
Austin Lewis, who says, to Hegel
We owe the philosophic form of the
Socialistic doctrine," and Labrlola,
who speaks of Marx and Engels, having thrown off "the burden of Hegel-
Ian scholasticism, began to extricate
themselves from the humanltarlanlsm
of Feuerbach; and while they were developing Into what later became their
own theory, they were still, to a certain extent, imbued with that true
Socialism which later on they themselves ridiculed ln the Manifesto."
Perhaps If Comrade T.estor would
tell us in what connection Bohm, Bawerke bracketed theBe names together,
It might prove the Australn did not understand Marx, but the mere fact of
his doing so, in my judgment, does not.
J. H.
Socialist Directory
gjkaf Every Local of the Socialist Party ol
Canada should run a. card under this head
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Mondnv. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. , D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Commttte., Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province.
F.    oxtoby,     Sec, Box      647      Calgary, Alta.
tlve Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner qf King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to thp, movement.
Secretary, H. Saltzman, Room 15, Harrison Block, Winnipeg, Man.
Committee. Meets in Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 1st and 3rd
Mondays. Organizer, W. Gribble, 134
Hogarth Ave., Toronto. P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape Ave. G. Colombo,
Italian Organizer. 224 Chestnut St.
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade MoKln-
non's, Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane,
Secretary, Box 13, Glace Bay, N, S,
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store. 161 Hastings St. W
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 88«.
LOCAL  PORT  MOODY,  B.   0.,  HO   41
f P. of C.-Buslness meet ngs"flrst
Sunday in each month. J. V wiii
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
VfW ,Si',ntlttr' 7,i;i0. •>•'»■ In McGregor
Hall (Miner's Hall), Mrs. Thornley
Secretary. "^z,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at'
7:30 p. m. H. Campbell, Secy., ft o
Box. °7,4' Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy., p. o. (Box
. 766 Rossland, B. C. ■
every Friday evening at 8 p.m.. In
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Baoy.
meets every Sunday at s:30 p.m. 1*1
Miners' Hall. Matt Holiday, Organ-
Izer.    H. K. Maclnnls, Secretary
LOOAL    INNISFAIL,    ALTA.,   NO.   3—
Charter hangs in secretary's log
shack, Hardscrabble Ranch, 12 miles
West of Bowden. Business meetings
twice a month. Capitalism vs. Socialism continually being debated by the
general public and members of the
Local. Sky pilots and flunkey poltl-
olans cordially Invited to call and participate in the sport. Secretary S W
of C. Meetings every Sunday at I
p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block.
eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
and  Reading Room.    Labor Hall, D. A.
McLean,    Box 647.    Secretary,    A.    Moo
donald, Organizer,    Box 647.
P of C,  meets every  first  and third
Suno<la^J,ven'ngl'> Be"evue Town Hall
C. Stubbs, Secy,
LOOAL   VANCOUVER,   B.   C,   NO.    4S,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 161
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Matt Mar-
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propogauda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre. Jas. Mclndoe, Secretary,
Room 1, 1319 Government St.
LOCAL NANAIMO,  NO. 3,  8.  P.  of  O.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock!
Jack  Place,  Rec.  Secy.,  Box  826.
LOCAL   PERNIE,   8.   P,   of   O,   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business meeting flrst Sunday in each
month, sdme place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster,  Sec  Box  164.
C„ meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
mouth     Ceo   11 a .herton.  organizer; R "J
Campbell. Secreinry, Box 124.
LOOAL VERNON, B. C, NO. 38, 8. T. OP
C, meets every Friday night *at 7:30
In Tlmmins' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Edgar Smith, Secretary, Vernon, B. CT
LOOAL RBVBL8T0ZB, B. O., NO. 7, ».
P. Of O. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m„ the fourth Thursday of eaoh month ln lodge room over
olu post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayman,
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organiser.
LOOAL     PRINCE     RUPERT.     B.     C,
meets every Sunday at 8 p.m., on the
street corners and various halls. J. B.
King, Secretary.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m, ln headquarters on First Ave.
Parker. Williams. Sec., ladysmith, B. C
Meets every Sunday night In ths
Miners' Hall and Opera House at I
P.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at (
p.m.,6m First St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J; R. Huntbaoh.
Secy., fei First St S.; R. MacQuarri*
Organizer. «28 Second St.
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelaide Street
opp.Robliu Hotel. Buslnessmeetlngevery
Sunday morning 11 ai m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummlngs, Organizer. Secretary, Jas. Thomson, 664
Agnes St.
lish    Branch. Business    meetings
every second and fourth Thursdays In
each month, at Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide St. W. Speakers' Class meets
every Tuesday at 134 Hogarth Ave.
\MI1. R. Hllbert. Recording Secretary.
42  Beverley St.
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  NO.  8,   B.   P.   OP  O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday ln
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays nt 8 p.m. ln Roberts-
Allan Hall, 7S Rldeau St. A. J. Mc-
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
LOCAL  COBALT,   NO.   9,   3.   P.  OP  a
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 44*.
LOCAL   BERLIN,   ONT.,   NO.   4,   8.   P.
of C, meets every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at 8 p.m., 66
King St. E., opposite Market Hotel.
H. Martin, Secretary, 61 Weber St. E.
LOOAL   MONTREAL,   QUE.,   NO.   1,   B.
P. of C—Meets in Labor Hall, St
Dominique street, Sundays at S p. m.
Headquarters No. 1 St. Charles Bor-
romee St Leo Jackto .Secretary, 7s i-t
St. Catherines W.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. ln Macdon-
ald's hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland, Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G.
Ross, Financial Secretary, offlce in D.
N. Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Exscutlve Board Member        ....      wm. Davidson, 8-nden
Presldsnt jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Vice-President Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
8ecretary-Trsasurer     . a. Shilland, Sandon
No.      Name Meetluc Pres. Sec'y. P.O. Add.
Grand Forks..
Greenwood   ...
Kimberly   ....
M. A S. U.
Rossland    .,.
Sllverton   ....
Trail MAM.
 iC. Galrns	
Wm. Wlnslow 'James Tobin 	
Patrick O'Connor W. E. Hodden	
Charles Blrce Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett T. H.  Rotherham.
Mike McAndrews.. H. T. Rainbow.,..
Joe Armstrong A. E. Carter	
Fred Mellette Chas.  Short	
B. Lundin   	
Malcolm   McNeill..
R. Ritchie	
R. Silver thorn...
J. A. McKinnon..
L. R. Mclnnis...
Robert Malroy...
Blair  Carter	
G. B. Mcintosh..
Wm. Hesketh	
A. burgess	
J.  Hays   	
James Roberts	
F. Phillips  	
W.  A. Plckard...
A.   Shilland	
Fred Llebscher..
D. B. O'Nealll...
T. T. Rutherford.
F. D. Hardy....
W.   B.  Mclsaac.
Grand  Forks
Slocan City
Van Anda
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Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
City Hall
Vancouver B. C. ,  SATURDAY, JANUARY 1, 1*10.
Tb'"' Page Is Devoted to Reports
and General Party Matters-
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box
of Executive Committees, Locals
—Address All Communications to
836, Vancouver, B. C.
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at, the following prices:
Charter   (with    necessary    supplies to start Local)  $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each    01
Dues Stamps, each 1C
Platform  and  application  blank
per 100  25
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto ln Ukrainian, per 100 50
Ditto tn Italian, per 100 50
Constitutions, each  20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 50
At the next meeting of the Dominion Executive, a date will be set for
-the drawing to take place, so if you
want a chance at this Library of Original Sources, get busy now. This
work would be a valuable addition
to any Local's Library. Comrades
*rho have tickets to sell should return the stubs to this office as soon
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<Jont get It every week with reasonable regularity make sure your sub.
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brings no results try the P. O. Inspector, Vancouver. B. C.
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J. Coxon     ] .00
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Stebblngs   i  1.00
Cummlngs       50
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Published at Cowans>-111., P.O.
The outlook for the New Year Is
for the Solcalist Party of Canada, the
brightest In its history. The record
of the past year is one of which we
have no need to be ashamed.
In the Dominion a chain of Locals
from the Atlantic to the Pacific has
been firmly established and this considering the vast extent of the territory covered and the comparative
sparseness of its population, is In itself no mean achievement with the
means at our disposal. It now remains
with the Provincial organizations to
cement this chain the more firmly.
In British Columbia particularly
have we subject for no little optimism. The late election wlll mark a
distinctive epoch in our progress. For
we are now arrived at a new era In
our development.
Up to the present our work has been
mostly that of agitation. Before a
more thorough and effective organization could be built up it was essential that the material should be provided by imbuing a sufficient element
In the population with our Ideas. That
this has been done to' an extent sufficient for the purpose, the last election has demonstrated. Furthermore,
fundamental dlflerences of opinion
within the organization have been
practically eliminated.
On the other hand there Is every
evidence that along past lines we have
gone about as far as we can. But few
more Locals could be formed effectively In this Province and the Locals already in existence will suffer now for
lack of a sufficient field for their activities. So that unless new methods
be devised and projected, stagnation
must inevitably ensue, to a greater or
less extent.
Both the necessity and possibility of
fresh activities being so evident, members of the committee have for some
little time past been formulating plans
for a further and closer organization
in the Province, whereby all Socialists
would he brought Into touch with the
Party and their efforts given purpose,
coherence and enhanced effectiveness.
It is in fact proposed to build up In
British Columbia a Socialist political
"machine" that will combat the old
party machine on Its own ground. In
the past, our organizers have functioned necessarily more as speakers than
as organizers, in the future it ls proposed that they shall be organizers
more than speakers.
The outline of the plan ls briefly,
that a general organizer shall be sent
out on the road to cover every town
and village ln the districts where the
movement has progressed sufficiently,
and to get ln personal touch with every
Socialist ln that place. To put them to
work accumulating such Information
as may be useful against his return,
and to spread the propaganda systematically. To discover those who are
not on the. voters' list and ought to be,
those who are on who ought not to
be, and so to pave the way to a thorough cleansing of the lists. The organizer wlll also appoint a string of deputy organizers wherever he goes to
carry on the work in his absence, to
prepare everything for his return, and
to see to the efficient and systematic
distribution of literature and collection
of Information.
At a special meeting of the Provincial Executive called on Dec. 27, at
the Instance of Ixical Nanalmo, to discuss this matter with our representatives, who, the Local considered,
should be more actively engaged in
general organization than has heretofore been the case, Comrades Hawthornthwaite and Williams undertook
the charge of organization on the Island, and Comrade Hawthornthwaite
was appointed general organizer to set
the ball rolling and to make a tour of
the province after the coming session
to break ground for a regular organizer.
In the spring It is proposed to induce Comrade Gribble to come back
to B. C. and tako hold of the job, and
then the detail work wlll be commenced ln earnest.
All this will necessarily call for a
rather heavy expenditure, especially
during the first year, but the expense
will be well worth while and we have
no doubt that the Comrades will contribute as freely as ln the past. All
contributions will *>-be acknowledged,
and as all funds will pass through the
hands of the committee lt goes without saying that the most rigid economy will be exercised.
Dear Comrade:—
We have been favored by a visit
from Comrade Gribble and can heartily endorse your opinion of him. On
Saturday night he addressed a good
sized audience in the Men's" Club and
was listened to attentively from start
to finish. The boys were delighted
with his plain, clear exposition of Socialist economics and if there were
any adverse criticisms from the capl-
tallst-minded who were present they
must have been killed by the force at
Gribble's logic as we have heard none
none as yet.
On Sunday an organization meeting
was held ln Orange Hall and the election of officers resulted in the appointment of Comrade Ed. Hayward as secretary and Comrade Logie as organizer. It was decided to start a class
for the study of economics and arrangements were made towards holding this class weekly during the winter
We are getting the young men of
the town interested and as a result
of Gribble's visit have already .enrolled
three or four new converts. Our vote
has increased from ten to twenty-one
in a year and the old parties are beginning to sit up and take notice. It
were well for them to do so as we are
only beginning to wake up here and
are just Inaugurating the campaign
which Is going to capture British Columbia for Socialism and before very
long.   "Here's to the day."
As the first step we would advocate
the capturing of Com. Gribble, even if
we have to chloroform him and take
him from Toronto by force. Figure
out your scheme, Mac, and when lt is
completed, Summerland Local will
come through with its share.
Yours ln Revolt,
J. W. S. L.
Dear Comrades,—
The Socialist Party
of B. C. may
(By Samuel A. Stodel.)
America being a great place for Improvements, lt is but logical that the
National Civic Federation should be
a considerable improvement over the
Reichsverband of Germany, after
which it Is patterned. The Reichsverband is composed of representatives
of the cultured and favored classes
alone, whereas the National Civic Federation is made up of these, plus some
ot the leading figures ot the American Federation of labor as well.
The spirit that appears to pervade
this body ls that of "Identity of Interests" between the employer and
the employed. Yet, at none of the
conventions held has a single thing
been done to advance the Interests ot
the employed.
Whatever arguments were presented that tended toward a betterment
of the condition of the workers had
always the aim in view that bettering the workers' conditions would Increase their productivity, hence It
would pay.
It can be said in truth of the capitalists who speak here that they are
frank and outspoken. This is more
than can be said of the labor representatives. Their bombastic wordplays are seldom seriously taken. Their
attitude has generally been that of
assent and submission rather than defiance and independence, and whenever a radical utterance was made by
them lt was more than attoned tor
by subsequent apologetic phrases.
At the banquet in the grand dining
hall of the Hotel Astor, "Capital" and
"Labor" touched elbows; that ls
theoretically, "Labor was recognized."
Labor provided all there was ln the
shape of magnificlent decorations,
napery and the accompanying luxuries of the feast.
Labor served up the feast.
Labor's representatives were at the
writing on the wall spells a new system.   It Ib "Industrial Democracy."
'The Workers' Republic Is forming—
New York Call.
Jfere and 9/otv
But!    Capital dominated!
feel proud of their record in the re-|    In the obscure, out-of-the-way  cor-
cent contest.   We did well, but corners were placed the lesser lights ot
well enough. A little harder pushing
and in place of two, half a dozen Comrades would now be ready to tell McBride and his corporation tools what
they think of them and their policy
when they meet at Victoria.
Well, the tide ls coming in swift
and strong, and those red herring artists who would fain obstruct it with
reforms are getting wet and cold feet.
I spent several seasons in cannery
towns and frequently saw sockeyes too
far gone even for a Siwash dog, and
it Is encouraging to note that at last
many wage slaves are refusing to be
side-tracked and are turning their noses up at the rotten reforms proposed
and are marching straight for the citadels of power.
By the next provincial election, unless the Hon. Billy Bowser or some
other friend of labor places his disfranchising act successfully, there
should be a good robust opposition of
"Reds" at Victoria.
But a lot may happen In three or
four years. History Is being rapidly
made today. When I realize how high
the tide of revolution is already in
countries such as Finland, Germany
Snd France, and how rotten are the
powers which rule, it seems quite
possible that within that time a revolutionary strike for the reins of pow'-
er and the machinery of production
may be declared In some of these
states which may be the spark to
kindle and destroy the capitalist
We are today going at a tremendous
pace. The strike In Sweden, the protest and demonstration of defiance
and class hatred at Ferrer's murder,
the great strike at McKee Rocks, the
recent fight and voluntary martyrdom
by the revolutionary workers at Spokane, these events all prove that the
social revolution is In full swing. The
psychology of the working class Is now
undergoing a rapid transformation.
The mental atmosphere is surcharged
with revolt and signs of the coming
tempest. The whole earth trembles
with the "tramp, tramp" of the toiling
millions, marching on to capture the
In Comrade McKay the S. P. of C.
has a good representative, and he
should be organizing ln the industrial
centres where he would have greater
scope for his energy and greater opportunities for development. Comrade
McKay has a fine delivery and enunciation; he Is broad and scientific, yet
forcible and thoroughly proletarian.
Although it was his first political campaign, yet he outclassed his two opponents In many ways. The Sunday
following the election we had the opera house and advertised: "Socialism,
the Campaign that Never Ceases."
In a couple of weeks I wlll be ln
Vancouver, where I will take up my
abode once more.
Yours for the Revolution,
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"Robotchyj Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man.
If you want a bound volume of the
Clarion for 1909 you had better order
now. Only as many volumes as are
ordered wlll be bound. .Last year a
number of Comrades got left by not
ordering in time.
.. Price $2.50.
labor; but at the main tables under
the speaker's rostrum—to be more
exact, at tables 5, 6, and 17—were
the most conspicuous of the labor
men present.
At table 5 O'Connel of the Machinists rubbed elbows with August Belmont, the patron saint of the organized labor movement.
At table 6 John Mitchell was animatedly in conversation with Henry
Phipp, friend of labor (?) and director
of the United States Steel Corporation, whom the A. F. of L. executive
committee will devise ways and means
to fight next month, maybe.
i At table 17 sat Gompers, with such
noble and painstaking friends of the
wage-workers as Elihu Root, Seth
Low, James Speyer, I. N. Seligman
and others.
Lynch and Tole of the International
Typographical Union, sat with Herman Ridder, of the Staats-Zietung, all
unmindful ot the fact that the guest
list had no union label.
They placed Timothy Healy at table
23. (There was probably nothing
meant by this.)
At table 35 was Union-Label Sam
Prince land a nice little gathering of
labor leaders. McStay and Holland
were there In all their glory.
And further on—back in the ruck,
to use racing parlance—were the
more extinguished, or less distinguished, stars of the labor firmament.
It had Its comic side, also. There
were labor representatives in dress,
hired tor the occasion, that did not
seem to fit, aping the mannerisms of
their masters. Try as they might,
many of them could not refrain from
thrusting their knives half way down
their capacious maws.
One of the striking incidents of the
affair, that serves to well Illustrate
the lackey-like spirit of these labor
leaders(?) occurred during the speech-
making and was commented upon at
the press table.
Root was speaking and a buskiness
ln his voice gave Gompers much concern. He filled a glass with water and
several time offered lt to Root, but
Root did not notice him. After Root
got through speaking Gompers again
offered the water, and this time was
rather curtly refused. It was typical
presentation of the lackey and the
The speeches are over. The banqueters have departed. The event ls
now recorded ln hlBtory!
Before the banquet and after it the
walling voices of myriads of hungry
children, some fatherless, others the
children of the maimed—all crying for
the bread that is a-plenty, but is denied them; the highways of the country teem with the workless and homeless multitude; the streets of the cities swarm with unfortunate women
and girls, forced to lead lives of
shame through the machinations of a
brutal system; on every hand misery,
■squalor, destitution und crime, all unnecessary, abound.
The National Civic Federation Is
doomed to fall of ils purpose, even
with the aid of the labor leaders.
The working class will and must rise
in its might. A new era Is coming
on. Paternalism, pensions and profit-
sharing must and shall go.   The hand
Editor Clarion: —
In No. 558, you have a lengthy tirade, by one Clifford Butler, ln refer-
enc to his attack on my article, evidently he has not seen my original article on the subject. I would refer
him to It. However, If he had stopped
at his criticism of my article, he would
have done well. There was no need to
abuse the S. P. and rehash a lot of
objections as old as the hills. Personally, I think If he has nothing better to write about he had better let
us settle our differences at home, and
leave Clarion space for something useful.
Now for some of the objections. The
"absurdity of stating that the average
life of the worker as 33 years, I cop-
led from some immediate damneder on
the other side of the line. I don't
know the average age of the non-
worker. Com. Spargo (and he is no
Canadian revolutionist so please accept without question) states that
deaths from consumption per 100,000,
vary from 92 for brokers and officials
to 540 for stonecutters. He further
states that the rich buy their lives
with those of the poor.
I owe none of my letter to Haeckel.
That piece on reproduction I copied
from the Illustrious Untermann (surely coming from such a source he wlll
consider lt inspired). I did not say
the individual is subordinate to the
race, but to make up tor the omission
I wlll state lt now. Possibly C. B.
might have been here had the Anglo-
Saxon race never existed; but I am
sure that I would not. Also, what
little I know I have borrowed from
others. William Jennings Bryan, reformer, said practically the same ln
his lecture on "others."
As for the "Socialists contempt for
the rabble" well, to which does he belong. Perhaps "there are more things
Jn heaven and earth than dreamt of
ln our philosophy" and If "nothing ln
Its ultimate essence can be known"
how does he know these things are
ln heaven and earth. As for Karl
Marx's "Capital" has he so much as
seen Its cover? It ls plain by his article he never did. I am not awslre
that Karl Marx predicted how the revolution would come about. I think
Karl Marx did in his day, what the
S. P. of C. is attempting to do to-day;
explain Capitalism. About a beautiful
Utopia, a co-operative commonwealth,
Karl Marx predicted nothing. (He left
that for the immediate damneders.)
That bosh about "wage earners the
only workers" (all workers in the last
analysis are wage-earners), and "men
who have ability making money." The
answer Is so apparent that I will not
Insult his Intelligence by offering him
further explanation.
He tells us he would not vote for
a Socialist Candidate, unless the candidate Is a reformer. I wonder, was he
ever asked to vote Socialist. He had
better not be in a hurry voting unasked for what he does not want. There
ls a reform party ln Manitoba (and
like most reform parties out of office)
they will be needing his vote, and wlll
bribe him with any old promise to
get it.
Socialists think all human action
governed by low motives." If he
wants to know what Socialists think
on the subject. I will advise him to Invest a dime in Engel's "Socialism, Utopian and Scientific," and then read lt.
"Socialism doeBn't believe In a god."
He spells It with a little "g"—no comment necessary.
"Under Socialism (here wouldn't be
government." I wish he would be fair.
True, I say there would he no government, but I generally state the government of persons would he replaced by
the administration of things. 1 again j JuB[jce_
refer him to Engels S. U. nnd S., pages
128-129. Government Implies class
rule, and If he wants a stage of Society with a master, and subject class,
he will not get it by voting for Socialism. Anyhow, the S. P. is not discussing future stages ot Society but, aya-
lysing capitalism.
"Socialists have no faith in their
fellowman." Some people have too
much faith ln others, and not enough
In themselves.
I am also called to book because my
reasoning ls not clear. I am well
aware of my literary shortcomings, nobody better than I. But I will call
attention to the fact that style and
language are not everything. What
we are endeavoring to do Is toeman-
clpate the working class. And it Is
immaterial wr-ther we do It in good
language or bfid.
The Clarion commences the New
Year financially In better shape
than most Socialist publications that
hand out only the red dope. But that
is by no means all. It should end ths
year stronger and bigger and better
than It began. The next thing is a
twlce-a-week Clarion with an editor
ot Its own and not somebody doing lt
as a side line. That will take mora
money but not so very much more as
the Socialist Party can command labor-power cheaper than any other organization on earth.  Can we do It?
Says Comrade J. G. Phelps Stokes:
"Please send me your admirable paper for one year. I enclose one dollar In payment. Yours ot the 4th instant was sent me by Comrade Mc-
Mahon Smith of Brooklyn. It is certainly O. K."
* *   *
That "unpatriotic Irishman" Cassidy of the 'Peg, on bis way West caught
a couple of subs.
»   »   »
Local Gait, Ont., renews its bundle
of twenty-five for another three
* *   *
Seven subs by way of a starter Is
the stunt done by Comrade Geo. S.
Young of Hedley, B. C.
* •   *
Comrade Albert Hansen of Courtenay, B. C, renews and finds another
one to keep him company.
' •   *   •
"We have to keep on digging, each
in our own peculiar way," according
to Comrade L. E. Drake of Bellevue,
Alta., and, as one ot his ways of digging he digs up five more subs.
* *   •
Comrade Landry of Winnipeg renews by way of celebrating Christmas
and catches three more as be likes lots
of company.
Comrade David Paton ot Fernle discovers three yearlles among the caaj
»   ♦   *
Comrade Stewart of Moose Jaw
comes up with a three month bundle of
ten for the Boilermakers' and Helpers'
«   «i «
Two renewals per Comrade Grey of
Saturna Island, B. C.
* •   •
"You'll hear from me again," says
Comrade Churgin of Calgary, as he
sends along a scalp.
* *   •
Comrade Welling, Vancouver, literature agent, gets a pair, and Lestor
makes lt four.
•   •   •
Comrade Fulcher of Brandon catches
another on his way home. And one
at a time comes from Comrades Bryce
of Bernard, Sask., Blus of Phoenix, and
Heatherton ot Greenwood, Austin of
Nelson, DeWltt, ot Lester, Wash., and
Ezra Campbell, Rossland's new secre
tary.   Have you done that much? '
B. Simmons writes: Russia continues to make vast preparations for the
invasion of Finland. Report state that
detachments of Cossacks have already
been sent to Vlborg, and that a large
number of RusBlan troops are concentrated on the Finnish frontier, while
it Is stated that special barracks wlll
be built ln Finland to accommodate
Russia's army of Invasion. The Russian government appear to fear a Finnish raid on St. Petersburg. Meanwhile Finland remains outwardly
calm, but resolved to take all the necessary measures for tho maintenance
of her Integrity and Independence.—
Jos  tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
los 117, Port AMhsr. Ost.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
M-i-ii -inoMliu, $1.50 viotlkerti
"Vitaltski" Makui, $1.15
Demand Cigars  Bearing this Label
Which Stand* for a Living VTrnget
Vancouver Local 367. '
556 I^f
i.ji.j... •.    .     .     '.■.....
The avowed Antl-Soclallsts of Great
Britain are, one and all, patriots to the
hone. Be they Liberals or Tories they
are most anxious that the territorial
forces may be got up to their full
strength; they are even prepared to,
and do use, compulsion to Induce (?)
the workers to enlist.
It is all very well for us to deprecate
compulsion, but we Socialists wlll not
open our eyes, twe persistently ignore
the fact that the working class, owing
to its Inherent vlclousness, arising
from its natural inferiority, dissipation, extravagance and intemperance
has reached a point of callous Indifference towards Its country. England
is a fine country, fairly good climate,
raises the finest cattle and crops, snd
possesses unbounded other natural resources. That such a country needs
defending ls beyond question; therefore, if the working class does not
willingly come forward to Join in the
profession of murdering, it must be admitted that our God-ordained leaders
WlR think themselves perfectly justified in using gentle persuasion so as
to bring the working class to its sense
of duty and responsibility.
But there is a special reason why
the Terriers (it used to be Bulldogs)
should be numerous, apart from the
one that it ls ever so much nicer to
4o your murdering by proxy, more
convenient, don't you know—It ls that
circumstances may arise compelling
these British patriots to come over
here (to America) on special duty. In
that case pur country must be left
well guarded; in other words, there
should he plenty of watch Terriers in
the kennel when the master goes
fthat I mean will, I believe, be made
clear by the following list of British
owners of land, and the extent    of
their holdings in the United States:—
Duke of Bedford       51,084
fiarl BrbwhloW      57,799
Bar] of Carlisle       78,540
Eari oi Cawdor.      51,538
Earl of' Cleveland     106,650
Earl of Derby       66,098
Duke of Devonshire       52,655
Lord Londesborough     148,626
Duke of Northumberland....    191,460
Duke of Portland'.''.'.........      55,259
Earl of Fowls..,       46,096
Duke of Rutland      79,039
Lady Willoughby      59,212
Sir W. W. Wynn      91,612
Earl of Yarborough      54,570
Baron Tweeddale    1,750,000
Byron  H. Evans     700,000
Duke of Sutherland     422,000
William Whalley      310,000
Robert Tennant     530,000
Lord Dunmore       120,000
Lord Houghton       60,000
Lord Dunraven       60,000
Albert Pell          10,000
Aleander Grant         35,000
Sir J. L. Kay        5,000
English Land Co. (in Florida)      50,000
Missouri  Land Co., of Edinburgh (in Missouri).......    165,000
Scotch Syndicate (in Florida)    500,000
Dundee Land Co     247,000
British Land Co     320,000
German-American   Syndicate,
of London        750,000
Phillips, Marshall Co., of London   1,300,000
English  Syndicate   (In  Mississippi)       1,800,000
Sir Edward Reld and Syndicate (in Florida) 2,000,000
English Syndicate (ln Texas) 3,000,000
I commend this list to Comrade Ed-
mondson and others particularly engaged ln the anti-militarist campaign.
Supposing Baron Tweeddale or the
Duke of Northumberland was addressing a meeting on the subject of home
(?) defence, it would be to the point
to ask the gentleman which country
he referred to. Most of the individuals own more land here than they do
in England, therefore, which one of
the two countries do they desire the
English working class should defend?
To my mind the above shOws a
phase in the economic development of
present society that was not anticipated by any of our prominent thinkers of 15 or 20 years ago. It ls, as we
know, established beyond question that
capitalism not only Is, but of necessity must be, international, but here
we observe that landlordism, as such,
is also assuming an international character of no mean Importance. A matter of 16 million American acres owned by English parasites is no small
With the wealth wrung from the
blood and tears of the English proletarians, these carrion crows, these human vultures, acquire possession of
the natural resources of this country,
and in the face of that have the Impudence to prate about patriotism and
small holdings. I would here state
that the above list gives names only
of those owning 5,000 or more acres.
Tbat    this    phenomenon Is taking
..I'lll   J.   ,"..     !',J...   I.I.J   JI,.1,!'... .!
place in other countres is obvious; it
is also becoming more obvious that
the internationalism of vested interests has about reached its climax, but
we have the satisfaction of knowing
that the solidarity of the workers Is
growing apace. The day ls drawing
near when so many will be enlisted iu
the ranks of the Red International
that it will no longer be a question of
defending our country, but the day
will have arrived when tbe phalanxes
of conscious workers wlll conquer Ihe
world for humanity, establish Ihe reign
of peace, happiness and prosperity for
A. TIERCE, In Justice.
Florida, U. S. A.
If. we take a birds-eye view of the
capitalist system as a whole, we see
the laboring class depositing masses of
labor-values into the laps of the capitalist .class. And for the use of their
labor-power in producing these values,
the laboring class are handed back
just enough to produce a fresh supply
of labor-power for to-morrow. As individuals, some laborers get more returned to them than the value of their
labor-power, but that is compensated
for by other laborers who get less than
their value. The balance which the
individual capitalists retain ls of no
use to them In the shape they get it;
their object is to exchange their unpaid values with their brother capitalist in such a way that in the exchange
they may gain more units of value
than that which they gave.
The beauty of the capitalist system
is that after they have exploited the
laborers, they then pitch into each
other and by every means possible exploit their brother capitalist—not as
producers, of course, but as consumers.
The primary object of the capitalists
Is not tp exchange value for value, but
to gain, if possible, two or more units
Of value in exchange for one. Thus
originated trusts, trade combinations,
and monopolies. Where one capitalist
gains a unit of value in the exchange,
some other capitalist loses a like
In making exchanges it became ne
cessary to find some medium through
which exchanges can be made, and
which would be -acceptable by both
parties in the exchange. The concrete
expression of that medium is Price.
Price, therefore, appears only after the
capitalists have in their possession the
created values of the laborers, and at
the instant they are offered in exchange they have a price. The difference between value and price is
this: Value has reference to the total
mass of labor products or the total of
any particular product as such, and
the value of any particular article is
measured by a unit of value. But
price is not applicable to a commodity
as such, independent of other commodities, or to tbe Inherent quality of
anything, but expresses a relation
which one particular thing or commodity bears to another thing or commodity in exchange. That relation Is
socially estimated and measured by a
unit of a standard commodity—gold.
Price is wholly the creation of the
capitalist system, whereas value exists Independent of the capitalist system. Price expresses, the relation
which one thing bears to another
thing; value expresses the relation
which a thing bears to human welfare,
Price is determined by tbe relation
which the supply and demand of one
commodity bears to the supply and
demand of some commodity, as measured by a unit of standard commodity.
Although two articles, A and B, may
have equal quantities of social labor-
time embodied in each, A, the relatively scarcer article at the time, may exchange for more than Its own value in
B; but taking the total mass of commodities ln society at a given time,
they cannot exchange as individuals
for more or less than the total social
labor-time embodied in the whole.
A particular commodity, however,
may and often does exchange for more
than its own value in other commodities, but lt is just as certain that at
the same time some other commodities are exchanging for less than their
own values.
The price of an individual commodity may vary, sometimes above its
value, and at other times below its
value, but these variations ih price
compensate each other over long or
short periods in time, and the average
price In the long run corresuonds to
the value of that commodity. But,
there are different commodities that
are produced in competition with each
other for the one purpose, or use, and
where one commodity possessing some
advantage, either natural or artificial,
exchanges for more' than Its own
value, some competitive commodity is
exchanging for less than its value. Although a given sum of money wlll purchase less of the former, It will purchase more of the latter. Thus, from
the viewpoint of a given purchasing
power, the variations In prices compensate each other at tbe same moment In time.
Mr. Untermann says that "ths gains
and losses ot Individual buyers and
sellers compensate themselves only
over long periods of fluctuations ln
society as a whole." But experience
shows that when one commodity exchanges for more than It own value,
there is always existing at the siuno
moment in time u substitute commodity which exchanges tor less than
Its own value, because there Is relatively less demand for It. And the
average laborer whose money wage
corresponds to this nbBoluto necessities, wlll expend his wages ln purchasing!, the "cheap" necessities, and
none of lt tn purchasing the dear.
Taking commodities as a whole their
average prices, not only compensate
themselves over long periods in time,
but compensate themselves at the
same moment in time. The lower
limit of price is the minimum cost of
reproduction; the higher limit Is tbe
maximum use-value of the commodity
in question. Between these two points
prices vary as supply and demand determine.
The same is true regarding the commodity labor-power. The productivity
of social labor-power determines Its
use-value. The value of labor-power
as a whole is determined hy its cost
of reproduction, but its use-value does
not determine its price. Although the
value and the price of labor-power correspond to each other, they are each
determined by two different forces.
The price of the commodity labor-
power as a whole is determined by the
relative supply and demand for labor-
power, as compared with other commodities, but as the supply of labor-
power at all times exceed the demand,
its average price corresponds to the
average cost of reproducing labor-
power actualy employed, and the average price corresponds to value. The
excess of the supply of labor-power
over tbe quantity actually employed
at a price equal to the minimum cost
pf reproduction, vhaye no price. The
surplus unemployed laborers have no
price, because they have no use as
profit producers.
The price of individual labor-power
Is determined by its relative supply
and demand as compared with other
individual labor-power. The price ot
some kinds of labor, such as organizers and slave drivers, are greatly
less than their value, but the differences ln prices compensate themselves. The higher price which the
capitalist pay for some kinds of labor-
power is compensated for by the
lower price which he pays for other
kinds of lal-pr-power. He robs one to
pay the other, or more correctly, one
kind of labor fs used as a means to
exploit other kinds; one is paid out
of the product of the other. From the
viewpoint of the capitalist the difference ln the prices of labor-power com
pensate each other, and taking the
laboring class as a whole, it produces
the total quantity of Burplus value at
the point of production only. Ab a
class the average price of labor-power
is equal to Its value, and when average
price equals value in exchange, there
is no exploitation of labor-power at
the point of consumption. There is
always a substitute for the high-priced
labor existing at the same moment in
time, and the capitalist is cute enough'
to purchase the substitute whenever
possible, and so save the extra outlay
for the high-priced labor. He robs to
keep. This is particularly so with the
weaker capitalist.
Mr. Untermann assumes that the
capitalists are such a brotherly lot
that they share with each other the
surplus values exploited from the
workers. We read ln column nine,
tbat the Industrial capitalist "is not
tbe sole and ultimate owner of the
surplus value exploited by him from
the laborers." He goes on to say that
the industrial capitalist sells his
product to the wholesaler, but keeps
a part only of the surplus value for
himself, and passes the balance over
to the wholesaler; and the wholesaler
likewise keeps a part only for himself
and passes the balance over to the re-
taller, who sells the product at Its
full value. In other words, the first
capitalist sells his product to the
wholesaler at say, a third of its value,
and the wholesaler sells lt to the re-
taller at two-thirds of Its value, and
the retailer gets the balance. I would
like very much to see a sentence from
Marx that says such nonsense. If Mr.
Untermann will read his Marx more
carefully he will see that Marx says,
that the average Industrial capitalist
sells his product at its full value.
That means that not only does the
average industrial capitalist, but also
the average wholesaler, and average
retailer sells the product at is full
value; and If the average retailer as
capitalist sells bis product at Its full
value, some other retailer ls selling
the same kind of product at more than
Its value, and some others are selling
I heirs at less than Ito value. So with
i he wholesalers snd the Industrial cap-,
The average Industrial capitalist
sells his product at Its full value; that
means thst there are other capitalists
who are ..selling the same kind of
products at more than Its value, and
others selling theirs for less than Its
Milue. There Ib no Bharlng about it.
li Is pure robbery. The strongest
have the best chances, and take them.
Some people accuse Socialism of be-
lng a sinning up game, but this is the
liisl time I knew that capitalism was
i sliiirlng-iip game.
Having now, I trust, got an insight
inii) Ihe mechanism of price as It
u.iiks out iu practice, we will, ln our
II st, take up Mr. Untermann'B second
i'i i,position in which he says the laborers are exploited as consumers.
hector N. Mcdonald.
"t S T IN B.C.
311 CmMs «• VisMivir
The Best of Everything
Hear Comrade,—
I beg to make an appeal to Comrades who have a bit of the universal
equivalent to spare, on behalf of the
Colne Valley campaign fund. Grayson
has represented the workers In parliament as only a Socialist could. His
majority at the bye-election In 1907
was 153. A general election will take
place In January, and the Colne Valley Comrades find that they wlll have
to raise £500 by that time If Comrade
Grayson Is to be nominated. Truly, a
hard task to undertake, but the workers ln the "happy" valley are determined that Grayson's voice shall again
be beard within the walls of St. Stephen's. If any Clarion reader would
care to subscribe to the campaign
fund, let him send sub. to The Worker
office (editor, James Leatham), 47 Market street, Huddersfield, Yorkshire,
Yours In Revolt,
236 Carlton street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Dec. 24, 1909.
Dear Sir:—
With reference to Untermann's proposition, In which he contends workers
are exploited as consumers "Through
an Increase of the value of other products which is not counterbalanced
by an increase In the relative value of
his wages" (for the above see McDonald's letter, Clarion 558, Page 3
Column 4). We mean by "wages" the
price of labor power. The word
"price ln political economy has only
one meaning, and that Is "value in
money," therefore wages means value
In money of labor power. For labor-
power we receive money. The value
of a thing Is what it will exchange for.
The value of money is what money
exchanges for—the purchaselng power
of money. If prices are low, money
will buy much of other things, and
ts of high value; if prices are high, it
will buy little of other things, and is
of low value. The value of money is
inversely as general prices; falling as
they rise and rising as they fall.
Now Mr. Editor we will suppose
wages remain the same during these
fluctuations so wben prices are high
the laborer is the loser (is that what
Untermann means by Exploitation ln
Consumption?) On the other hand
when prices are low the laborer ls
the gainer.
Yours Truly,
P. S.—Let Hector McDonald note the
meaning of the Word "price" as defined In this letter then compare it
with his interpretation, Clarion 557,
Page 3, Column 4. What's he banging at; he's floundering around like
a porpoise in a wet set.
C. B.
A. F.   Cobb
Merchant Tailor
OKotoKs,   Alberta
For  every suit sold  through
this   advertisement  I  will  give
$2.00  to  the circulation  of the
Western  Clarion.
1. Write me for samples of
2. Mention the price you want
to pay for suit.
3. Compare my sample with
Ihe price.
4. If suitable, send me deposit of $5.00.
6. I will guarantee to deliver
suit to fit within six weeks.
6. Clarion will acknowledge
receipt of $2.00 from me when
suit is paid for.
Suits to measure from $15.00
to $30.00.
A school teacher for Gibson's Landing school, male
preferred. Duties to commence after Christmas holidays. Apply stating qhalifica-
tions and expetience to ' '
Jas. nstchsr,
sec. school board
Gibson's Landing, B.C. '
SATURDAY, JANUARY 1, 1110.   -
_ *
Socialist Patty of Canada
We, the Socialist Party ot Canada, In convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, * lJ support of the principles and programme ot the i evolutionary working class.
Labor prod ut is all ■ enltb. and to ths producers It should belong. The present economic sjstem Is based upon cspltallst ownership of the n cms of production, consequently all tbe products ot
labor belong I > tho cspltallst class. The capitalist Is therefore
master; the w ikei a slave.
So long at the capitalist olasa remains ln possession ot the
reins of govei mont all the powers ot tb* State will bs used to
protect and deiund thoir property rights In the means of wealth
production and theh ..oitrol of the product of labor.
Tn a- ltali-i system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
■trcsiii v. nro'Jts, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of mine 1/ n-    degradation.
The >i te, -bi o. the working class lies In the direction of setting
Itself free from csi .'tallst exploitation by the abolition of the wag*
system, unuer w.'.l.'h Is cloaked the robbery ot the working-class
at the point, ef prod i' Ion. To accomplish this necessitous the
ti-ansforoiittlpn of cap, tallst property In tbe means of wealth production into oo'lsctl), or working-class property.
■Tie Irre->r--irU conflict of Interests between the capitolM
and the workev Is r ipldly culminating tn a struggle for possession
of the po et or gp* imment—-the capitalist to hold, th* worker to
secure H b*r poll. o|l action. This ls th* class struggle.
Thereti -e, we call upon all workers to organise under th*
banner of ti> Soci.Het Party of Canada with the object of conquering tie . all" powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing tie ur ' iic programme ot the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, Mills, railroads etc..) Into the collective property of th*
working cl.iss.
2. Tii n democratic organisation and- management of Industry
hy the wri.era.
*- The eitablishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
usu instead of production for profit.
The Socialist tarty, v-hen In office, shall always and every-
wK»re until th* present system to abolished, make the answer to
U iu jieation its guldi.ig rule of conduct: Will this legislation ad-
. ii :e the inter- -.,.8 of Ji* working class and aid the workers In
tb"' :Jasj struggle against capitalism? If It wlll the Socialist
-...-ty  - for ii; li it will not, the Socialist    Party    Is   absolutely
OPPOSi'i  vo tt
In accorf snee with this principle the Socialist Party pledge*
Itself to oo < net all the public affairs placed In Ito hand* in such
a manner •   to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
.„„^T?1ng SoclaI'sts »nd other independent thinkers, this great ..brary is
SS£f ;!!ii"f enveloped afthi-'torles and all such second-hand information. It
2i£L. 3L "i0 -"If-i61}1 history of civilization, reveals the naked truth and
f««W tt-W7f™S^5rU^",.J' "«?talilsj. It annihilates the arguments ot Capital'-
ihiSbS.' ,e™-iwh0 AI]i erat(!li' misrepresent for the purpose of keeping the
Jtl.w„c?1 the £rodKcVrs' J-'cono-nics. Evolution. Education, Philosophy, So-
£JP Sgfl'oSclnc!i Psyfltlo'oBy.,'teli1-ion and all fields of thought, the ideas that
have Influenced civilization In th. original words of the master thinkers and
investigators from T.iales, rirttt', Aristotle, Socrates through to Darwin,
5r£.£Sr'„ Huxley' 2LaOLi KnSe,S' Meckel, etc., Ten large de luxe volumes
printed pn pure white dec! !e edge paper, one full hundred page photogravures, gold title and tops pound in rich seal brown Art Vellum,    *'"'"'*•",
Says Freeman Knowles, llior of "The Lantern" (Socialist). Victor L.
Berger Bays In this Irsui 01 lie "Social Democratic Herald.," No Socialist
can afford to be without this tnat library." All leading Socialist writers,
editors and lecturers use and < onmmend thla great library—Ernest Untermann, John Spargo, Arthur M. i 's, A H. Simons, and literally thousands
of tne comrades, farmers, mlnei nehmen mechanics and business and pro
fessional men. .     .   ." ,
Locals could not make a bel er 'n-
vestment than a Bet of these    onkB."
A. R. LIVINGSTON (Sec. Local.
Hackbrry, Kas.): "I owe \ ou my
thanks; the greatest addition .* over
made to my library."
shoremen'B Union, Seattle, v,ush.j:
"A boon to tho working cla^H who
have neither time , r money to secure a university education "
TOM CLIFFORD (Soclali t lectur'-
er): "I have longingly de-<i: d bucIi
a work for years. A Bervi e to civilization."
WM. A. KEAGLE (Hudson, Mich.,
Local): "I am a poor man, yet my
money goes cheerfully for what I
consider the greatest acquisition of
my life.
Scientific Socialism): "I regard lt aa
the most valuable part of my
IO FORD (Sec. Am. Assn. of Masters, Mates and Pilots, Paducah,
Ky.): "Am enjoying a continuous Intellectual feast."
University Research Etension,
Mllwakee, U. S. A.
Please send me review articles by Simons, Berger and others, and tell
me how I can get the ten volumes library on a co-operative basla,   No obligation involved by this request.
(J If you would like to sp< id less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range. #
Telephone your address to our office and we will send s man
to measure your premises snd give you an estimate oi cost of
installing tbe gsc pipes,
Vanctuiver Has Company, Wed.


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