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Western Clarion Dec 17, 1910

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 Utopia. &■:&£
1
■J*.-',    -nt-.l^.g *.,
NO. 610.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, Dec. 17, 1910.
•ubscripiion Price
rniui
SI.08
TECHNICAL EDUCATION
Its Advantages all to the Capitalist Class
.   Technical Education seems to be the ' the workers productive, and to instil
(question   of   questions   in   discussion into them the idea that there was lots
ust at present, so, although I realize I of   room  at  the  top   for   those  who
worked hard enough and were "good."
Thus each worker was "educated" to
become a highly specialized cog in
the productive machine. His education consisted in knowing how to
draught, make or run a certain
machine or part of that machine.
So solicitous did the masters finally
become over the welfare of the slaves
that "night schools for the benefit (?)
of those who had not the advantage
of a school "education" in their youth
The workers being ignorant of the
cause of this solicitude in their behalf were very grateful and each fellow figured that he, by industry and
sobriety, would eventually become
director of 30 or more corporations
and a pillar of society.
Domestic Science and Manual Training departments were instituted in the
public schools. The masters need
good productive slaves and 'tis cheaper
to "educate" those slaves when they
are young and so unproductive than to
do so after they become productive.
The master pays for the "education"
out of the surplus that he appropriates
from the product of the labor of the
slaves. These are the facts, even
though a lot of you fellows think you
are "paying the taxes," when you dig
down for that $3 poll-tax. To return
—the master is interested in turning
out as many highly specialized "educated" slaves as possible at a minimum
of cost.
Finally in the last few  decades of-
that very little if anything new can
|be said by me upon the question, yet
may as well add my quota to what
fias been said.   First, then, let us look
little  into the past.    A couple of
[housand   years   ago   ln   old   Roman
k.nd Greek society all the "education"
K"*t existed was held by a few men.
ffhe masses were in ignorance of all
■\hose  things  which  did  not  directly
iiertain to the particular jobs at which
piey were born to toil.
A few men, however, were "educated," mostly slaves, and these "educated" ones were usually the property of
rtobles who took the same pride In his
possession  of a    philosophically    inclined slave as do men to-day in their
farge libraries.    Shortly after this the
church became powerful and proceeded to enlighten  (?) the people—
phlefly   on   their   duties   relative   to
Kithes—the support of the clergy, etc.
iHumility, Industry, sobrietv were the
^saving virtues.    Mother church taught
j-ontentment with one's lot, obedience
io one's "natural superiors," and generosity, In support of the Lord's work.
[When Galileo, Bruno, Copernicus and
Others attempted to go further, .Mother
bhurch quickly put the kibosh on their
teachings and ushered them into the
perdition of which the masses were
Jai.ght fearful things.
Education  of the    masses    merely
vent far enough to make the workers
very useful slaves, and as such valuable to the masters. Things went on
fn this way for many centuries.    Oc- 'the last century we begin to hear about
■asionully  a holder man  than  usual!trade schools for the dissemination of
iiraved the anger of the church and special technical knowledge. So in-
I.'tale hy publishing his thoughts, hut :terested are the masters that a Royal
|ie was usually quickly squelched and | Commission   consisting   of   a   "Labor
the S. P. of C. are not particularly in- and yours, and we intend to win." The
terested in the question. At any rate 'fight is well worth while since it will
we should not be as it is merely five to us a world instead of slavery,
another herring of the proverbial hue. 80 here's to the fight.
whenever possible his works destroyed. The workers remained in ignorance of all those things that were
toot essential to their productivity as
p.laves.
But a gradual  change  was  taking
Slace   in   the   economic  structure  of
rociety.    The  methods  of  producing
flood, clothing and shelter were changing.   Ruling classes were going down
lu ruin and disorder as the mode of
kroduction upon which their superiority was based, gave1 way to    modern
{nd    still    more    modern    methods,
lother Church heretofore the seat of
ill (mis) education gradually lost her I
lower  through  the dissemination  of
pew ideas themselves the product of
he changing system of the past.   Fin-
Illy  in  the  latter  part of  ine  18th
fentury a period of inventions set in.
Machinery   and   mach.ne   manufac-
lure began  to rapidly displace hand
methods and, as was Inevitable, the
|lass which owned the machinery, the
naster  artisans   and   merchants,  the
Imbryonic  capitalist class,  gradually
through their enormous wealth, gained
py their power of exploiting the increasing  productiveness   of  labor  in
conjunction with the new machinery,
pecame   the   ruling  class.    Still  the
felaves—now  wage slaves—were kept
in ignorance of all but the things essential to capitalist development, and
lhe part they  were to play therein.
■The advent of machinery and the increased markets, entailing the demand
for a very  large product, made the
need for a large number of "educated"  workers—workers  possessing  a
Special knowledge along certain lines.
Klerks- bookkeepers, accountants, skilled machinists and draughtsmen were
needed  in  ever increasing numbers.
Schools for the instruction of these
IworkerB   were   organized.    Improved
|methods of  teaching  them  were inaugurated and presently we lind agi-
Itation for free (?) public school systems.
When the master class felt the need
[for those schools they were immediately instituted and not before.    The
philanthropically    Inclined    agitators
night have howled until hades had
become a cold storage plant and then
■continued their  stunt on  the  ice If
■capitalism had not developed to the
■point where universal education, so-
Icalled, was necessary to its further
■development.   As before this "educa-
Ition" simply went far enough to make
leader" or two and a bunch of Jobless
professors and politicians Is appointed
by the government to enquire into the
matter and report as to whether the
new scheme will be cheaper than the
old' "education" methods of turning
out human cogs for the capitalist ma
chine.
To-day as in the past the worker
whose education includes more than
just the very essentials (those bits of
knowledge necessary to run the machine he Is chained to by his stomach)
Is an "undesirable citizen." judged by
capitalist standards, education consists
in a knowledge of those things which
will aid in producing surplus for capital. 'Tis a waste of time and also
dangerous to capitalist morality to
allow the slaves to learn anything
that is unnecessary and unproductive
of profit. Capitalist schools never yet
taught the slave how to truly enjoy
life, lt is always work, work, and then
work. Our whole "education" Is for
tho profit and glory of our king and
tyrant—capital. To his glory are histories written and taught in the
schools which we and those of our
class must attend. To his glory and
profit the whole system of Instruction
to which we must submit is falsified—
a very mass of lies and misleading
conceptions of life and morality.
Capitalism Is developing—the machine is becoming more intricate, and
more highly specialized brains must
evolve in order to build it and keep
it in repair. The technical school
takes the pick of the workers and
makes them specialized cogs. More
of these must be educated than are
really necessary in order that a surplus of brain—workers may have the
natural dragging tendency in bringing
down the price of their labor-power.
The masses—those whose duties are
merely manual—do not need the highly
technical training—they are weeded
out in the course of development and
instruction and stay at the foot of the
ladder. Machinery is gradually eliminating them. And in the further development of the system, less and less
common swine will be needed. The
highly specialized workers will run
the industries to the glory and profit
of capital and we—well, we may starve
and be damned.
Technical education is merely an
incident in capitalist development. It
ls helping to develop and so speedily
break down the system.    But we of
We would be just as consistent in
aiding in the introduction of the ditch-
digging machine or the steam-plow.
As Socialists we have absolutely nothing in common with capitalism or capitalists. Nothing ever emanated from
the masters that could be of any
benefit to me of the slave class. Capitalist governments merely do the bidding of the lords of the earth—our
mortal enemies.
The S. P. of C. has so far steered
clear of any and all red herring and
spur tracks. In this respect we stand
alone, for even the S. P. G. B. is more
or less an annex of the Secular Society. Our work is clearly cut out and
lies before us. We must arouse the
slaves—not by side-tracking our movement on technical education or any
other brand of capitalist mis-education,
but by telling them of their slavery;
its cause—class ownership of the
means of life; the remedy—Socialism.
It is our duty not because of any philanthropic motive, but simply because
we, ourselves, hate slavery and its
gyves.
Capitalist morality Is greatly shocked and outraged by the brand of education handed out by the S. P. of C.
For, strange as it may seem to obedient slaves, we do not teach the slave
virtues, honesty, sobriety. Instead of
teaching slaves to be obedient, we
teach revolt—intelligent revolt. Instead
of telling slaves to be profitable to
their masters, we teach that they
should help us eliminate the master
and his profit, and enjoy the good
things of life themselves. An audacious system of instruction, surely yet
one that will ere long win a world of
things for us right here. In the meantime we must go on educating the
toilers to revolt. There are more
of us to-day than tnere were yesterday.
There will be more yet to-morrow, and
our challenge is flung to the masters—
"Do your worst, we will not be sidetracked. Use all your opportunities to
mis-inform and mis-educate those of
us who are still in ignorance. Openly
and  above  board   we  challenge  you
ROSCOE A. FILLMORE.
DESTROYING PROPERTY.
ALBERTA LEGISLATURE
O'Brien Has Something to Say on Wages
Senior Clifford Pullan, an English
mill operative, becoming disgusted
with a never ending prospect of hard
work at 14 shillings a week, gently removed himself from his more or less
beloved factory recently by the laudanum method. He left a statement,
the most interesting part of which is
not given because:
"The Coroner said the remainder of
the statement was of a most blasphemous character; and in summing up
said it was a clear case of most deliberate suicide, and the writing in the
note-book, the whole of which he could
not bring himself to read to the jury,
proved to his mind that Pullan was
a very wicked man indeed, and totally
devoid of any religion or right feeling."
Take warning slaves! For, verily if I" Detore the Hou8e
you do not live in constant fear of j This bill, Mr. Speaker, is in the in-
472 brands of hells and in hope of the j terests of the peddlers of the all-im-
latest improved, duly adopted in con- 'portant commodity, labor-power. When
vention assembled heaven; and die |the worker goes into the labor market
by explosions, collisions, consumption, jhe sells what we call labor-power and
electrocution,   hanging,   syphilis     or receives in return what is known to
The fortnightly pay bill which Comrade O'Brien has Introduced may, at
flrst glance, seem of very litte concern
to the slaves; but those who have had
experience in construction and mining camps and also those working for
the farmers, know that should a bill
be allowed to become law it would save
them a good deal of worry to which
they are now subjected.
In rising to introduce the bill Comrade O'Brien spoke as follows: Mr.
Speaker, the bill now under consideration was to have been introduced last
BesBion but owing to the excitement
prevailing over the Alberta and Great
Waterways deal, the session was ended before I had an opportunity to get
other civilized methods approved by
the medical and legal professions, but
decide upon the manner of your own
the average person as wages. Labor-
power thus having a commodity nature
is subject to the laws that govern corn-
going, you shall have a most learned moditles. In political economy there
coroner with a solemn jury sit upon ' i8 what is known as the law of ex-
your case and by your carcase, who change value, that is, that commodities
shall impressively convict you of most shall exchange one with another on
heinous deliberation and dreadful 'lhe basis of the socially necessary
wickedness. 1 labor Incorporated in each.    Another
Suicide is a crime. Why? Because !law is that the prices of commodities
it is a destruction of wealth produc- |&re regulated by supply and demand.
'ng property,   Suppose the lathes, the 11 would have you note. Mr. Speaker,
looms, the engines and motors in fac
tories were to start smashing themselves on the   pavement   or   sinking
This is the age of trustification. Be-
for the invention of refrigerators no
such thing as a beef or fruit trust was
possible, but now that these inventions have been perfected they are
able to do with fruit and beef what
they were previously able to do with
oil, i. e., regulate the supply. But we
cannot trustify labor-power, and therefore cannot regulate Its supply. It
is a perishable commodity which we
must perforce continue to generate.
We cannot put it in cold-storage. This
labor-power Is our mental and physical energy, therefore we must be right
on the job when it is to be delivered.
I mentioned in the flrst part of my
speech that the socially necessary labor determined the value of a commodity. Now, sir, a certain Mr. Powell,
who, I might mention, is a r.ilne manager, issued statistics to show that the
average wage received by miners
around their mines was two dollars and
a half a day. To the lay mind that
would seem fairly good wages but you
know that it is necessary for the wife
of the miner to cook his mulligan and
mend his clothes, etc., working from
early morning till late at night. And,
when Mr. Powell is taking averages I would advise him to take Into
account all those who are taking part
in the production of coal around the
mines, aud especially would I remind
him of those who do not receive wages
directly through his pay clerk. Another factor that is generally neglect-
that commodities on the average exchange at their value and it is around jed ls the amount of goods that can be
„this exchange value that priceB oscil- 1 bought with that two dollars and a
themselves in rivers, etc., what would/! late, being sometimes below and some- |nalf a'*°und the mines, for it is not the
be the resulting effect upon owners jtime above, the one compensating the money but the amount of goodB pur-
of property? Disastrous indeed. Thus |other and the result over a whole jcnasable with the money which con-
the effort to intimidate the human j cycle of production being that the j stitute the miner's real wages. So that
machine Into staying alive and endur- exchange of commodities is effected |wnen the wives of these miners come
ing slavery.    Punishment of the sue-'at their value. it0 that very Important point In mod
ern housewifery, the spending of that
cessful criminal is something of a problem and, up-to-date, bas been confined
to anathematizing the cold and silent
corpse..
THE MEN BEHIND THE GUNS
The ship's companies of two Brazil!- Suppose they had merely asked for it,
an battleships mutinied lately. They 11*'91 fallen in the upper deck, ro-
were the two most powerful ships in ! quested to see the commanding officer,
the Navy of Brazil, fast—so able to 1 stated their case. They would have
choose their own distance in case of 'been just stating their opinion, merely
a fight with slower ships of the same ' votin6 for what they wanted, and If
navy, with guns outranging those same they left It at that, and the authorities
slower ships—bo  being able to  play knew they were prepared to leave it
We slaves, Mr. Speaker, are acquainted with this law of supply and i
demand, for as capitalism develops
the means of production are more and
more concentrated and labor-saving
devices further and further perfected.
Hence, an ever increasing number
of workers are thrown into the ranks
of unemployed and there ensues an
ever keener competition for jobs, that
is to say, competition for the sale of
labor-power. Consequent upon this
excessive supply over demand, .the
tendency is for wages to hover around
the cost of physical subsistence.
two dollars and a half, they flnd it
necessary to send one of the children to work in the mine, and those
who are not yet old enough to work,
add to the family exchequer by stealing coal and wood. So you see, Sir,
this wage question is not so simple a
matter as Mr. Powell would have us
believe.
I do not look upon this bill as a
measure that will in any appreciable
degree alleviate the miseries of my
for refusing to work." It made mo
goose flesh all over and I replied,
"Well, that's shocking, sir."   He Bald,
class, but In Introducing it it is necessary to explain the difference between
what is known as the commodity strug-
glo and the class struggle, hence I was
compelled to touch upon the laws of
value.
Now, sir, you may ask me If I want
l"l think so, too, but the man must be 1th'8 ,)"1 '" "l,l||v ,0 railroad compan-
long-ball with them If necessary.'at that, those same authorities would a f°°''" MinS. "however, I'm going |«" """ £ "J^ "V«*«' ' «** «
Their armament, offensive and de* suit themselves If they acquiesced In I* ** l° f* «■ «*" "hioH he did, |£*g * 8» »•*«*«■ £ Albert,
tensive, was of about the Meet pat-It hat same expression of oplnlon-that E, *» «"* * 8''v succeeded. BUT |JJJ«   l     *<•      o",l, for me to
THR MAN WORKED, nnd. aa he told I0™* "' " ■""  "' "I'l'ly ln 'he .■ntlre
tern, and It would have been a hope- same vote. Also If, as I said before,
less case for the ruling class of Brazil 'they had simply taken the negative
to pit other ships which had not Stand of refusing to work the shirt,
mutinied, against them, even If the the authorities would have sent "loyal"
ships companies could be trusted. The [seamen   aboard,  put    the    mutineers
men had grievances—corporal punish-1under arrest, and  treated    them    to f„,  ,.,„,,.,,,,„..,.,
demanded j"what-cheer with the chill off."    But ever letting the thing go bo far as to >r">  ">•"*"'' '•*"
never, probably, having heard   of   the
ment, among others—and
their abolition.
Some officers tried to bring them to
submission and got corporal punishment in the shape of "losing the number of their mess"—naval term for
getting their lights put out. After this,
"heir demand's not being promptly
enough conceded, the mutineers had
the audacity to Are upon government
me afterwards, was glad of the chance iwork,"8 '''"sh I would have done so.
after escaping the flogging. As to T,IWtJ hs* been a deputation from the
MERELY voting, It ls about as er-,TradeB "■•"' l-HU"** Oounell asking you
fectuul us a puppy barking at lhe i1** I"",H a Weekly pay bill to which you
moon, and In case of the ruling class ,have Pledged yourselves to give care-
While  I   nm   here
let the workers vote themselves Into
advantages of  I.  W   W.isio, all these offlce'  they  wou,d   slmply    ct,Bt    tnc
poor,  ignorant sailors  knew  was  to workers'  verdict  contemptuously  out
open the magazines, pass up the am
of court unless they knew the work-
munition,   load  and   train   the  guns, ierB were ready and ab,e to back u»
clear decks  for action,  and  say  (as | their demand by actual, force If neccs-
Comrade   Filmore   puts   it):     "Fork
over, or we'll knock your heads off."
If they had not been flt and ready
forts   and   arBenal,   which   made   no to do this "hell-consigning" stunt, no
reply, probably not having good artillery to compete, and perhaps the men
In these forts were also "disloyal."
Anyrate, the mutineers had the
Power and forced the "authorities" to
lose their authority, briefly at least, to
climb down with the best grace possible and concede their demands to
the letter, and unconditionally. Yes,
they had the power and notice, my
I. W. W. comrades, it wasn't what
you call economic power either. These
navy boys didn't simply sit down In
their messes and refuse to work the
ship, they didn't refuse to do one
thing until somebody else did something else, their untutored minds could
not see that the best way of doing one
thing was to decline to do another
thing, all that they knew was to go
straight for the thing they wanted,
and having the power, they got it.
"Cork over" would have taken place,
no matter how unanimous their demand (vote). As to their simply declining to work, I remember a shipmate of my own a number of yearB
ago who used his "economic power"
In this way. He was put in irons
right away and the next morning was
sentenced to fourteen days cells. Completing his time in the cells (on a
very restricted diet), he still refused
to work. The prison-hulk for him this
trip, and still he persisted in using
his "economic power," and was sentenced to four dozen with the cat.
I well remember the Sunday morning that the doctor came fore'ard on
his regular dally visit to the sick boy
and previous to seeing the flrst case,
said to me:  "You know that-;—who
was sent to   the the    other   day,
they're going to give him four dozen
isary. Moral: Get behind the gnns-
your own guns—most of you can afford to purchase one, with an effort—
and get at the men who are already
behind the :;uns in the army and navy.
Pass them Socialist literature at every
chance, talk to them whenever possible, stir up "disloyalty" among them
all you can, and when the end comes,
if enough of this has been done, they
wlll be with us Instead of against us,
and the capitalists, realizing that
thelr(?) forces are not to be depended
on and that the most of us have a
first-class modern rifle hanging on the
wall and a few hundred rounds of
ammunition handy, will back down
gracefully.
There you are, Comrade Editor. I
said this before, or something like it.
It will bear repeating. I am alone responsible for it.
It may be "treason," but 111 take
the risk of that, If you think this
screed worthy of insertion.
WILFRID GRIBBLE
it will be my business to bring to your
attention any oversight In these matters.
I could have appealed to this Assembly on sentiment In behalf of the
wage slaves on the grounds of the
hardships they have to endure through
receiving their wages as soon as they
have earned them. Also I might have
appealed to the small business man on
pecuniary considerations but such
positions I am not going to adopt
while In this house. This bill merely
askB that the slave shall receive his
wages at the end of every two weeks.
Whether It shall be so or not you have
the power to say.
RUFUS.
OKANAGAN  ATTENTION.
Com. Desmond will be on organization work in this district for the
next couple of months. ComradoB
wishing to assist in tho work of organization or have meetings held In
their vicinity should correspond with
District Secretary (Jlldermeester, of
Mara, who will acknowledge all donations, arrange meetings, etc. Wake
np and get busy. THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUvkK. BRITISh COLUMBIA
8ATURDAY,  DECEMBER   17th,   1910.
WESMN CLARION
Published e
Socialist Putty
at the West'
Basement, 16&
ma,, B. C.
otti n
■ii. riatunlny by the
ii r Ciinuila, at the Oillce
■ Clarion, FisoK llioik
uaatlnn    3tr«»i.  Viincou-
4*   i.r.. ... aox itmo.
JliBBCBIPTIOH'.
p.00 Per 1 «i r, St Mntl let "Ji". Mouths,
as ' »*• (or Three Months,
M I'.tl,  to •   miuoe.
6   or   iiii■ ru   OOplMi   for   ■
i       il  in  (In •••■  i Hi >,  HI
1       'l  |i T OOpy  per Isiiu*.
ii.iiiit mi iippiii ution
e Uili paper, it is i>«i'i
Wo can, therefore, take up a position more Hcieutlllcully correct than
that of tho H. I'. or Q. I), .lust ub the
Soolallat Party Ih noilher moral nor
Immoral, but only iiiiiiioinl, no should
It   bo   neither   refill mint    nor   unll-re-
inriniHt, bul uorofomlstj neither
Obrlstlau nor antl-ObrlitlaUi but un-
Ohrlftlan, and hh forth,   Thai ths h.
I', nr (' llllii III'' bill, »i' dO nnl BSItfti
but It Ih iiiiivIiiu In that direction.    Ah
ii does team in luive i•«*"*«■ mora or
ii'i.H iiiuii)
selves of a troublesome surplus of y The value of a commodity would,
labor. Before commenting further, let, therefore, remain constant, if the
us quote Mr. King's closing remarks: I labor-time required for its production
"Tho duy of the traction engine has also remained constant. But the lat-
but begun. The machine or power i tor changes with every variation in
fin in Is with us.   In the future we shall  the production of labor.
I tin"   '  i
Rrl-m I in
• ml- ol
Adv. i ■ ii
If y. ii  ' •
"traction" the soil and tho horse wlll
blOOme more of u friend und companion  and  less ol' u Slave,    The young
man Who di'llKhts In handling machln-
M nnd MglnSB will llud Ills delights lit
boms on tbe farm and not In the dark,
piroaivad tbat lbs aatl-ldlrty, orowded city,   on the machine
raformlsl position la as futlls as lbs farm he wlll Snd the oppoitunity to
reformist, and possibly mora reraoti I do tha great tilings or which be dreams
from tln> actual ObJSOtlVe,     l''i»'   while  nuil his labor problcniH will huve been
i tin, rafartDlsl is iightiiig Hie sffaots Ifoivtd,   Ha will become aa Important
j Of   riiplliillHiu,   tin'    imtl 'raformlsl    l« I factor In ths great tusk of feeding the
fighting au iffwi "r oapitoUMni world,
Mnii'inei,  iih   the   H.   P,  Of  0,   I* I    Willi a large roomy house, the farm.
ciilllH IIh  ranks,  nut  from niniiUK  So-   er of the future can huve ull tbe mod
11.   ma! ing  ramltUnpt   Uy   uliioiun,  ex-
*t   IRP       .IIUSl      til'      IH|il|"l Adlll'OHH      Ull
.ii ,. .r..nuil'   mill   make  mi   mousy
• rtl'  '4    |,.l\ :ililn   til
T.    vVHSTBBn   CT.AKION.
Tenoonrer, a. 0,
txt   S I
'    " ' "¥*!-■.
jLUCTEJBiSJ""*)
■HiSiiiSs.eJi^'
cliillHtH,   but   lion'SOOlallStS,   It   Ih   In-
evltabls thai » graater or loss percentage or iih membership Huouid bo
'not quite ruiiy de* loped n» Boolaltats,
Hut what WOUliI you have'.' BpolaliStS
do not drop from heaven; Ihey grow,
und they seldom grow to advantage
until   alter  they    havo    Joined    tho
Socialist Directory
V.'  I jh the label on your pa-
ti I ,    If this number is on it,
•j J I     jo' r subscription expires the
n» it issue.	
«* "UWDAY,   DECEMBER   17th,   1910.
ein convenlsnoss or tbe city home with
the IiIohhIiik or pure air, room and
apace, delightful scenery and privacy
without seclusion, which are known
to lhe city dweller only on rure holidays. Me wlll have modern plumbing
und beating systems. If he does not
care to make bis gas engine do double
party, as Ihe most or us van testify. |HbiftH In the fields he can hitch it in
If they cannot Join the party Ull they jthe evening to a private dynamo and
are "real reds" and cannot be that it wj-] nght his home and bar US'and
until tbey have joined the party, where while he sleeps wlll charge a storage
are you? .lialiery   with   which   to  operate  feed
As  for the party's past, we cheer-1 grlr.ders,  jpumps,   washing   machines
fully admit that it mny not have been  and other things during the day.   With
10
■{ESOLUTIONISM.
Iiuoal 'Loronto's latest resolution is
-Kit i.'itimely, as lt affords us the op-
j-Ttunity or i 'viewing the situation.
« Is th'-refore published for the edl-
He tiin of the readers, but can hardly
»■- sunmitted as a referendum, as
Jj. il Toronto is not at present in
good standing its solicitude for the
-jarty't welfare apparently not run-
extreme of paying Us per
all that might be desired, though not
quite as bad as represented in some
respects and possibly worse in others.
But we are not inclined to tear our
hair about It. We are not even Inclined to tear Com. Baritz's hair about
It. We expect to live It down and
keep plugging along. Indeed, it is a
subject for congratulation that we are
no worse. We mi?ht have been sidetracked into the seductive tenderloin
of shameless opportunism, or into that
circumscribed sectarian rectangle
which has endowed the S. L. P. with
an
ling to 'h
-tpi'.a.    With tho suggestion that we^,,   the  comp!a|snnt   rectitude of
Juive a Domi lion convention, we are   Engllsn evangelical  chapel of sanctimonious  razor-backs.    For  it should
iii complete iceord, and have been
racking our Wits for ways and means
to ib:' end for a "very considerable
not be forgotten that It is possible to
deviate to the Left as well as to the
jteriod.' Nothing so simple as a rosc-lR,ght> Am] |f ore deviates sufficiently to the Left he will presently find
himself in the pleasant company of
the Right, both going back.
However, circumstances dictated
we should take our present road.
Circumstances have prodded us along
it at as good a gait as we had, and
here we are. If we went to the old
country we should find we did not fit,
different conditions having created
different atmospheres, manners and
customs.   Thi  Si D. P. would be Im-
.nt .ir hail occurred to us. as the solu
ajnti of a problem involving the ex-
pu 'lire of several thousand dollars,
to i mall sum to raise when even such
i pa,.i • n of a local as Toronto confesses s inability to liquidate its indebtedness to the Clarion.
For the rest, we, have no excuses
to oh^r for our part ar .vould not
offer the'i       •■■ hid -iy one else
onncerne.i ib ... ..uju l offer a few,
there is nothing to stop theu..   Also
This productiveness is determined
by various circumstances, amongst
others, by the average amount of skill
of the workmen, the state of science,
and the degree of its practical application, the social organization of
production, the extent and capabilities
of the means of production, and by
physical conditions. For example, the
same amount of laoor in favorable
seasons ls embodied in 8 bushels of
corn, und In unfavorable, omy In four.
The same labor extracts from rich
niliieB more metal than from poor
mines. Diamonds are of very rare
Occurrence on the earth's surface, and
hence their discovery costs, on an
average, a great deal of labor-time.
Consequently much labor Is represented lu a small compass. Jacob doubts
whether gold haB ever been paid for
at its full value. This applies still
more to diamonds. According to Esch-
wege, the total produce of the Brazilian diamond mines for the eighty
years, ending in 1823, had not realized
the price of one-and-a-half years.'
average produce of the sugar and coffee plantations of the same country,
although the diamonds cost much
more labor, and therefore represented
Every locnl of the Socialist Party   fcOOAXi VANCOUVEB, B. C, NO. 4B—-
of Canada should run a. card under this       J'J.'L'U?1'^,.   Me,ets   every   second     and
head.     }1.00
please note.
per   month.
fourth Thursdays In the month at 2237
'WtsitniiisL.r Avenue. Secretary, Wm.
Myntti.
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE   LOCAI,   VERNON   B.   C,   No.   38,   B.   P.
Socialist   Party   of   Cunadu.       Meets      of O.    Meeta  every  Tuesday,  8  p.
every   alternate   Monday.     D.   G.   Mc-.     sharp,  at   L.  O.   L.   Hall,  Tronson  St.
Kenzie,
ver,   B.
Secretary,
C.
Bux  16S8,  Vuncou-I     Chas.   Cliuney,   Secretary.
COLUMBIA     PBOVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
ALBERTA   PBOVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE,
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday ln[
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. Ea-it, op-1
po.-dte postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province. V. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
Alta.
LOCAL VICTORIA, NO. 3,   .8. P. OF C.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
5:'3 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Grand Tlieatre.
T. Gray. Secretary.
LOOAX Tan, B. C, No. 31, 8. P. of a
. —Meets every third Saturday in
month,  at   7:30  p.   in.     E.  Anderson,
! Secretary; W. B. Mclsaae, Treasurer.
Unattached Comrades in the district
are earnestly requested to get in touch
with Secretary, who will answer all
enquiries.
the traction engine,    the   automobile,
modern home equipment with sewers [more value.    With ricuer mines, the
same quantity of labor would embody itself in. more diamonds and their
value would fall. If we could succeed
at a small expenditure of labor, in
converting carbon into diamonds, their
value might fall below that of bricks.
In general, the greater the productiveness of labor, the less is the labor-
time required for the production of an
and electricity, the telephone and the
daily mail at his disposal tbe farmer
will be the aristocrat of the future."
What a vision to brighten the lonely
hours of the humble homesteader as
pensively he stuffs the Macklin Mourn
into a hole through which-the blizzard
loves to blow. Hut alas! We fear
such things are not for hint. He who
would reach the Touch-the-button farm [ article, the less is the amount of
must   woo  the  land   with  something  labor    crystallized    in    that    article
MANITOBA PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee: Notice—This card is
inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wisli to get any Information, write the
secretary, W. H. Stebblngs. Address,
316 Good street, Winnipeg.
UABITIME       PBOVINCIAL       EXECU-
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 491, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOOAL   FEBNIE,   8.   P.   of   0.   HOLES
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle, every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business
meeting Hrst Sunday in each month,
same place at 2:30 p. m.
David Paton, Secy., Box 101.
■LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA., No. 4, 8. V. ,
of  C.     Meetings   every   Sunday   at   8
p.m. in the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postolllce).   Club I
and   Reading   Room.     Labor  Hah,   T, ,f
Machln, Secretary.    Box 047, A. Maedonald,  Organizer,  Box   647.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO     9.
Miner's Hall and Opera House. Propaganda Meetings at 8 p.m. on the 1st j
and 3rd Sundays of the month. Bust-1
ness meetings on Thursday evenings!
following propaganda meetings at 8/1
Organizer—T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.!
Secretary, D. H. Hyslop, Box 63, Cole-1
man Alta. Visitors may receive infor-l
mation any day at Miner's Hall from!
Com. W. Graham, Secretary of U. M.f
W. of A.
LOCAL  LADYSMITH   NO.   10,   8.  P.   ol
C. Business meetings every Saturdaj
7 p.m. in headquarters oil First Ave
J. H. Burrough, Box 31, Ladysmlth.
B. C.
more seductive than three cases of
household effects and a team of animated spavins.
and the less Is its value; and vice-
versa, the less the productiveness of
labor,   the   greater   is   the   labor-time
The tanner "aristocrat of the future"  required   Tor  the  production    of    an
must have capital, and lots of it. Which I article, and the greater is its value.
tie have a few other remarks to make  posslb-ei  the  g   p   0*  q. b.  unconi-
jnd do not wish to monopolize the en-  tortabie.
tire, paper. 1
As for the S. P. of C, we confess
me have never ueen quite satisiled
■with lt, are not now, and don't ever
expect to be Nevertheless, we are
sot withoi . a suspicion that it is as
far along Ue ri^ht ro:id as any other
Socialist Party we l.uow of, not even
-Hceptin, the Impeccable S. P. ol O. B.
Thta, of course, will sound like high
treason to S. P. ol G. B. admirers, so
let ub elucidate.
As far is we c&u make out, it is
hardly an exaggera ion to say that the
8. P. of G. B. ipea.T to have lost
sight ot capitalis'u and is now fii?ht-
ing reform. c   tainly far more
pronouncedly r< 'ormist than anti-
capitalist. Not ' : i 'hat is any discredit to it. It con 11 not, in the circumstances, very 'I be anything
else. To be a 3ci„ -it, Tarty it has
hut to expose tho ipiti .t system,
bnt to be the S >£ b   "   it must
expose the S. 1     '. and the 1. L. P.
Similarly, C01'.. Bar!'/, comes here
from the S. P. jf i. B. and finds he
dees not fit. So, blessed with an impulsive temperament and a degree of
self-esteem not quite justified by his
attainments but amply sufficient to
dull his perception of the ridiculous,
he cheerfully sets about to make over
the S. P. of C. to fit him. Local Toronto, having, not so long ago, been
in a position similar to that of the
S. P. of G. B. and "sair hadden doon"
by a preponderating reformist element, falls easily Into Com. Baritz's
vein,    t*3nce these tears.   That's all.
Is another way of saying that Instead
of the farmer of today becoming an
aristocrat, the industrial aristocrat of
today will spread his aristocracy over
the rural districts. Proletarians who
"get back to the land" will go as wage-
slaves. As for the farmer who works
a comparatively small patch of ground
with such tools as he can "scrape together," his lot will be to grow humped
of back and anxious of mind, openly
The value of a commodity, therefore,
varies directly as the quantity, and
inversely as the productiveness, ot
the labor incorporated in it.
O thing can be a use-value without
having   value.
This is the case whenever its utility
to man is not due to labor. Such as
air, virgin soil, natural meadows, etc.
A thing can be usetul, and the product   of   human  labor,   without   being
bragging of his independence, secretly |a commodity. Whoever directly satis-
envying his more fortunate brother , ties his wants with the produce of
who runs the engine or tends the!his own labor, creates, indeed, use-
plows on the estate of the "squire" of .values, but not commodities. In order
automobiles and electric light. |to produce the latter, he must not only
One pleasing feature is the freeing produce use-values, but use-values for
of the horse. Too long he has been others, social use-values,
a slave. And when horses can get J Lastly, nothing can have value with-
emanctpated, there begins to be some out being an object of utility. If tbe
hope for wage-slaves. Let the good thing is useless, so is the labor con-
work go on.   The inevitable result of itained in it; the labor does not count
SAViNG   FARM   LABOR.
And it is a matt. 1
concern to It I
as the S. P. of
aa time goes or,
lay  more  and
difference 10 the
tho more Intimate
stlfy its existence
j. U. Consequently,
tt Is constrained lo
..ore stress upon Its
F.U. P. and I. L. P.
Hencr its aut.-ieform propaganda
throwt its anil apilfliat propaganda
rather ln the In, II exists as lt is
lecause the o';. ira are vhat thoy are.
Were they tii-ix tut, it would in-
cvitably be tltogothei' different. As
tt Is, howev, r, H compelled to be
whatever th are not. Because Ihey
are reformist, it must be antl-reform-
fat, Just as it has to be anti-Christian
because they cater to Christianity. As
exposing their records is Its long suit,
it is perforce compelled to keep Its
•wn record spotless and be most
■elect in the matter of its membership, which it can also afford to do,
as its recruiting ground is not among
non-Socialists but Socialists, of sorts.
In Canada no such situation exists.
"We have no S. D. P. or I. L. P. to distract the attention of the workers.
At any rate, not to any ' j.reclable
antent. Consequently w' cannot be
what the S. P. of G. B. Is. For which
praises be. Such of tho S. O. P. as is
struggling for exi stem.'i in Canada is
compelled to take up Uei ' a position
naalogous to lhat of the S. P. of O. B.
tn England.    It has 10 be am!-3. P. ot
NSW   WESTMINSTER   LAND
DI8TBICT.
District of New Woitmlmter.
TAKE notice that David Stewart Ryan
at Vancouver, occupation minor, intends
fes> stpply for permission to lease the fol-
lowiiw; described land:—
Commencing at a post planted near
am unnamed Island about two miles from
the south end of Texada Island on the
aa»t side, thence west 40 chains, tbence
■until SO chains, tln-nce east 40 chnlns
mo** or less to the foreshore, thence in
as mirthweitnrly direction to point of
C-Mnmflncnmont, containing 240 acres
men, or less.
DAVID STEWART UYAN.
Dated November 2nd, 1910.
As illustrating the unceasing Herd
toward economy in wealth production
which characterizes this, the machine
era, an article in the December "Tech.
nlcal World" by James A. King, on
"Making the farm a factory," ls illuminating. Comparing modern methods
of farming with those of fifty years
ago, Mr. King says In part:
"One may see a moderate sized engine hauling five or six large self-binders, bach one cutting a strip eight teet
wide, binding the grain into neat, uniform bundles and dropping them In
buncbea of live or six, handy for the
shockers. Or In some sections one
may see a large engine hauling a combined harvester and thresher. This
machine, with five or six men to operate It, will walk right down through a
field of grain and cut it, thresh it,
throw the straw into the ground und
sack the grain ready for hauling to
market. In this way one engine and
five or six men will cut and thresh
from one hundred to one hundred and
twenty acres of grain In ten hours.
To do this same work In the old way
would require thirty-five to forty men
to cut the grain, fifty to sixty to bind
it and If it were wheat, that went
twenty-five bushels to the acre it would
require three hundred and seventy-five
men to thresh it with flails; one engine and six men operate a machine
that does the work of four hundred
and fifty men of fifty years ago."
Here, of course, as In all other departments of production, the predomln.
ating tendency is to reduce cost by
means of the conservation of human
energy. With such a movement we
have no quarrel, for the desire to
save labor Ib Inherent in the race and
is the basis of Its progress—puritan
deification of Work notwithstanding.
What of tho labor-power that Ib thus
conserved? We need only note the
tremendous flow of population that
has been taking place toward Industrial centres during the past century.
An Influx that has caused those centres to raise the cry "Back to the
Land,"  as a moans of ridding them-
economic evolution is political revolution, which latter as we see lt now,
would be much to our advantage, and
is therefore greatly to be desired.
VANCOUVER   ECONOMIC   CLASS.
CAPITAL—(Continued).
Some people might think that If
the value of the commodity is determined by the quantity of labor spent
on it, the more idle and unskillful the
laborer,, the more valuable would his
commodity be, because more time
would be required ln Its production.
The labor, however, that forms
the substance of value, Is homogeneous human labor, expenditure of one
uniform labor power.
The labor-power of Bociety which
is embodied in the sum total of the
values of the commodities produced
by that Bociety, counts here as one
homogeneous mass of human labor-
power, composed though it be of In-
umerable individual units. Kurh of
these units Is the same as any other,
so far as it has the character of the
uverage labor-;iower of society, nnd
takes effect as Biich; that is, so far
as it requires for producing a commodity, no more time than Is needed
on an average, no more thnn is socially necessary. The labor time socially necessary is that required to
produce an article under the normal
conditions of production, and with
the average degree of skill and intensity prevalent at the time.
The Introduction of power looms
into England probably reduced by one-
half, the labor required to weave a
given quantity of yarn into cloth.
The hand-loom weavers, as a matter
of fact, continued to require the same
as before; but for all that, the product
of one hour of their labor represented
after the change only half-an-hour's
social labor, and consequently fell to
one-half its former value.
We see then that that which determines the magnitude of the value of
any article is the amount of labor
socially necessary for Its production.
Each individual commodity, in this
connection, is to be considered as an
average Bample of its class. Commodities, therefore, in which equal
quantities of labor are embodied, or
which can be produced in the Bame
lime, have the same value. The value
of one commodity is to the value of
any other, as the labor—time necessary for the production of the one
Is to that of other. "As values, all commodities! are only definite masses of
congealed labor-time."
/
as   labor,  and,   therefore   creates   no
value.
(To be Continued).
*   *   *
DISCUSSION   ON    EXTRACT   FROM
"CAPITAL," OF DEC. 10th.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, NO. IB, 8. P. OF
C, meets every Sunday in Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. m. Socialist speakers
are invited to call. V. Krodsham, Secretary.
LOCAL MABA, B. C, NO. 34, 8. P. Of O.,
Meets first Sunday in every month in
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Roscman.   Recording Secretary.
LOCAL MOYIE, B. 0., NO. 30 MEET8
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. ln McGregoi
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
Secretary.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO.   8,  8.  P.  of  O.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. ' Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place, Rec. Secy., Box 826.
LOOAL  NELSON,  8.   P.   of  C,  MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p. 111., in
Miners' Hall, Nelson. B. C. I. A. Austin, Secy.
LOOAL PBINOE BUPEBT, B. C, No. 63,
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday in
hall In Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. in.    L. H. Qorham, Secretary.
LOCAL EDMONTON, ALTA., NO.  1,   Si
P. of C. Hearquarters 022 First St.,1
Business and propaganda meetingsl
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.r
. Our Reading Room ls open to the pub-1
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.I
F. Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., Secre I
tary. Treasurer, T. Bisaett, 322 Fourttl
St., Organizer. ,f
LOOAL LETBBBIDGB,, ALTA., NO. IS I
S. P. of C.—Meets 1st and 3rd Sun.T
day in the month, at 4 p.m. Inl
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas.I
Peacock, Box 1983.
LOOAL  KEOINA  NO.  6,   SASKATCKE
WAN.—.Meets   every   Sunday,   3   p.m.,J
Trades    Hall,   Scarth   St.     Secretary,
Alex.    Watchman,    General    Delivery.]
Socialist speakers will be greatly ap-'
predated.
LOCAL WINNIPEG), 8. P. Of O.,
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelaide!
Street,  opposite  Roblln   Hotel.     Business   meeting   every Monday evening atl
Propaganda meeting Sunday!
3P m.
evening   s   p.m.
Secretary,   J.   W.
Street.
Everybody  welcome..
Hilling,   270   Youngl
LOCAL TORONTO, ONT., NO. 94, 8. P.
OP C. Business meetings 2nd and I
4th Wednesdays in the month, at ]
the Labor Temple, Church St. Out-1
door propaganda meetings, Saturday,
8 p.m., city Hall: Sunday afternoon/,
3 p.m., at University and Queen St.; ,
Sunday night, 8 p.m., at Shuter anal
Yonge St. Speakers' Class every.!
Thursday, 8 p.m., at Headquarters, J
79 Church St. Secretary, Arthur!
Taylor, 201 George St.
LOCAL      BETEL8TOKE,      B.C.B.P.C—
Propaganda and business meetings at
8 p. m. every Sunday evening in the
Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are Invited to attend. B. F. Gayman, Secretary.
In considering commodities, we have
already found that the proportions In
which they exchange are not decided
by their qualities, or uses, but by
some other property, irrespective of
these uses or qualities.
Therefore, we must set aside use-
value, ln our consideration of commodities In exchange.
The word "abstraction" is used in
this connection, and it means "to
draw away from."
As use-values, simply, articles of
one kind are not as good as those of
another, but, abstracting from nse-
value, as we do when considering the
exchange ot commodities, " 'an hundred pounds' worth of lead or iron, Is
of as greut value as one hundred
pounds' worth of silver or gold.'"
Apart from their natural properties
or characteristics then, commodities
have embodied in them human labor,
and no longer In the exchange of commodities do we see shoes, hats, tables,
clothes, etc.; these have different uses,
but they exchange as equals, or on
a parity, each as the embodiment of a
common property—human labor.
And wo do not now regard labor as
being that of the carpenter, shoemaker,
hatter, tailor, or any particular or
Bpeclflc kind of labor, nor does it concern us that the carpenter ls employed
in making a table, or the hatter a hat,
the shoemaker a pair of shoes, or the
tailor a suit of clothes, for, however
different may be their occupations,
and no matter how much their methods
oNexpendin energy may vary, they
are each expending that which is common to them all—human labor-power,
or energy, and their products, consequently present themselves to us,
each as an embodiment of human-
labor, and possessing value, because
they are exchanged for each other.
Hence, the exchange value of a commodity must be an expression of the
quantity of simple, or common, abstract human labor it containB. This
quantity we would measure by time,
and by its continuance in weeks, days,
and hours.
Por the Press Committee,
EWEN MacLEOD, Seoy.
»   •   *
(Class meets each Sunday at 2237
Westminster Avenue, at 3:30 p.m.
Mathematics claBs at 2 p.m.)
LOCAL BOSBLAND, NO. 35, 8. P. Of C,
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday al
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P. O
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets In Finlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Bon
54 Rossland.
LOCAL   VANCOUVEB,   B.  O.,  NO.  1.—
' Canada.      Business    meetings    every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 2237
Westminster Ave.
!•'. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688.
LOOAL BBANTFOBD, No. 16, B. P. Of C.
Meets at headquarters, 13 George St.AI
every Thursday and Sunday nights.'I
Business and Speakers' Class on Thurs-T
days: Economic Class on Sundays.',]
Wage workers invited. A. W. Baker,[j
Secretary, 9 George St. W. Haven-,
port. Organizer,  141 Nelson St.
LOOAL   U'fTAWA,   NO.   8,   8.   P.   of   O.I
Business    meeting     1st    Sunday     in J
month, and propaganda meetings fol-
lowing Sundays at 8 p.m. in  Robert^
Allan   hall,   78   Rldeau  St.    John Lyons*!
hecretary, 43 Centre St.
LOOAL OLACE BAT NO. I, Or N. ».—'I
Business     and   Propaganda     meeting!!
every Thursday at 8 p.m. ln Macdon-fl
aid's hall, Union Street.    All are wel-)T
come.   Alfred Nash, Corresponding Se-J
cretary, Glace  Bay:   Wm. Sutherland,'
Organizer, New Aberdeen;   H. G. Ross,'
Financial   Secretary,   offlce   In   D.   N.'
Brodie   Printing   Co.   building.   Union)
Street.
To Canadian  Socialists
On account of Increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review in Canada
$1.20 a year instead of 11.00. We
can, however, make the following
special  offers:
For H3.00 we will mall three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we wlll mall ten
copies of any one issue.
For (3.00 we will mall the Review   one   year   and   the   Chicago
Daily Socialist for one year.
CHABLEB H. XEBB fc COMPANY
134  West Klnzle St., Chicago.
Price List of Literature
Issued by the Dominion Executive
Committee
"Slave of The Farm," or
"Proletarian in Politics," to locals subscribing to the publishing fund,  $1.00
per 100, to others 26c per doz.
"Socialism and Unionism" to be published.
"Value, Price and Profit," to aubribers
to publishing fund $2 per 100, to others
30c per doz.
"Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism"   to subscribers   to   publishing
fund $6 per 100, to others 75c per doz.
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES
(To Locala.)
Charter    (with    neceaaary    supplies to start  Local) $5.00
Membership  Cards, each    .01
Duea Stamps, eaoh 10
Platform and   application   blank
per 100  26
Ditto In Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions, per dozen, 50c.
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen       TO
GREAT BOOKS BY
GREAT MEN
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    25c
The Rights of Man, Paine...   15c
The Story of Creation, Clodd Ue
Lifeof Jesus, Ronan    ISc
Age of Reason, Paine     25c
Merrie England    20c
IngersolPs Lectures, 1st, 2nd
and 3rd series  each 25c
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
tet-a, THE CAFETERIA
305 Cambie Street
The best of everything properly
cooked.
Chas. Molcahey, Prop.
Ja	
F. PERRY
TAILOR
834 PENDER
*®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®mt HP
*B**ime*a*mmm,\ a1 mini
I II  111   L m      mm ■  I  I^H    I   I si   I nim-m.
SATURDAY,   DECEMBER  17th,   1910.
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Three
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
i
 ^___      i 	
Tb'" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE.
Meeting held Dec. 11th, 1910.
Present Comrades Matthews (chairman), Cook, Mengel, Morgan, Peterson
and the Secretary.
Minutes ot previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from
Locals Toronto, Ont.; North Battleford
and Menzles, Sask.; Organizers Fillmore, Gribble and O'Brien and from
Comrades .1. H. Robinson and H. Elmer,
Clinton, 111., and P. S. F. Faulkner,
Great Falls, Mont.
Toromo manifesto ordered published in the Clarion.
Receipts.
Local   Selwood,   Ont $7.00
Literature:—Brandon, $2.50; J. H.
Robinson, 25c  2.75
Publishing Fund:    Local Vancouver Finnish  5.00
Members at Large Dues  4.75
Total $19.50
Warrants authorized for Rent, $12;
Fuel, $2; Light, $1.65.
B. C.  EXECUTIVE.
Meeting held Dec. 11th, 1910.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Vancouver, Port Moody, Victoria,
Gibsons Landing and Comrade Johnson, Silver Creek.
Receipts.
Local  Vancouver   (Finnish) $6.00
Local Victoria  10.00
Local Gibsons Landing       5.00
M. Halliday, Dues      1.00
Total  $31.90
TORONTO   RESOLUTION.
Comrade Editor:—
The enclosed manifesto, adopted
after discussion at two regular meet
ings of the local, is sent for immediate publication in the Western Clarion. The following resolution was passed in addition:
"This local refuses to put the party
paper on Bale to the public on account
of the Utter confusion of the editor on
the religious question and hereby stops
its bundle of 100 copies weekly, and
"Resolved we double the order for
"Socialist Standards."
We  request   puiilicatlo'i; ut   Headquarters Report enclosed.
Yours frat 'rnallv.
ARTHUR TAYLOR,
per M.B.
•    *    *
Comrades:—
(1) Local 24 Toronto deem it necessary to place this view before the
party membership and ask those locals
who agree with the sentiments to communicate tlie same to the Editor of
the Western Clarion, and Comrade
Taylor, 20 George St., Toronto, Ont.
We desire to call attention to the unsatisfactory state of affairs in the Dominion of Canada. The Socialist Party
of Canada, after its six years existence as a party contains Locals and
members who are unfit for membership in the party, this is due to their
lack of knowledge and also to almost
criminal anxiety of the organizers wno
have been permitted to tour the Dominion under the auspices ot the Dominion Executive Committee. Another
aggravation has been that (free lance)
speakers have been tolerated to circulate Jhelr reform nostrums with the
sanction of Locals of the Party.
(2) A matter that has caused and
Is still causing much confusion Is the
circulation of literature owned by
schemers and designers who publish
the most vile stuff and label It SOCIALISM. The sanction of the existence of a privately owned paper by a
member of the Party ls causing the
members of the working class to confuse their minds as to what is Socialism and what is radicalism. If there
is to be discipline In the Party, the
Party member owning a paper should
be made to surrender possession and
remain a member, or else be expelled
for acting contrary to the interest of
the working class. The private ownership of the Socialist press has been
one ot the greatest stumbling blocks
to the real education of the working
class. To take as examples, we see
what the TJ. S. A., and Great Britain
have suffered In this direction. In both
countries lt ls Invariably the case that
the paperB and periodicals are run for
the personal profit and political aggrandisement of the owners and editors.
We therefore, desire to impress upon the membership the necessity of Immediate steps to settle this question.
Socialism is to be advocated by the
working clasB and full control should
be obtained by the Socialist Party of
Canada of the press and literature supposed to be voicing the Interests of
the working class.
■ (3) In the case of the touring of
organizers, great harm has been caused  by   the  formation  of mushroom
Locals who have a very slight conception of Socialism. In the past, no
sooner had an organizer entered the
town, than a Local was formed; Comrades from this Local, now scattered
over the Dominion, have been complaining of the refuse that are in the
Party under the guise of Socialists.
The Alberta, Manitoba and Maritime
Provinces, in the main, are full of reformers, and in Alberta and Manitoba,
we have it on good authority that the
so-called "Socialists" are worse than
the bunch of reformers that were expelled from Toronto last year. Knowing the correct frame of mind of our
informants, we are justified in saying
that a clearing up process should be
started, such a condition of affairs
must be a condemnation of the action
of those organizers who have advised
the granting of Charters to such locals.
The methods adopted by such organizers appears to be more like that of
religious revivalists than clear headed and sound logicians that organizers
should be.   They have been more con-
Therefore, we condemn the action of REPORT   FROM   NORTH   BATTLE-
our Parliamentary representatives, as
we deem them to be assisting in the
fraud of deluding the working class
by passing of reform measures, and
assisting the capitalists in their dominance.
The Socialist position is one of continual opposition to the capitalist class
measures. Our function is to make
Socialists; we cannot claim credit if
Messrs. Jardine and Brewster support
most of the measures that our so-
called revolutionists bring ln. The
fact that M. P.'s who are avowed anti-
Socialists vote for and support measures Introduced by the Socialist Party
M. P.'s should he sufficient to bring
to mind that those measures favor
the Capitalist class.
(9) We denounce the actions and
attitude of the B. C. M. P's. for their
political trickery in pretending to
stand for the international working
class, whilst at the same time bringing in measures to stop Asiatic Immigration. We recognize the Chinese
and Japanese just as worthy our support as those who pretend to stand
for Socialism in Vancouver. The B.
C. M. P's. have taken up this anti-Asiatic attitude in order to secure votes to
be returned to Parliament. Their actions deserve severe condemnation as
does the treacherous action of Mr.
R. P. Pettipiece who, according to
the New York "Call" of Nov. 18 last,
appeared at St. Louis, Mo., and spoke
FORD.
cerned about making Locals than of the menace of Asiatic labor on the
making Socialists, in this respect the 'Canadian Pacific Coast, amid the plau-
D. E. C. should be severely censured dits of the Anti-Socialists of the A.
for permitting such action. Ip, of L.
(4)    The    Maritime    Provinces   In j   We  are  desirous  of  seeing  a  re-
particular have been constituted out | volutionary policy adopted instead of
of people who fail to grasp the ele- that reform and lick spittal aUitude
ments of the Socialist position.   It has assumed by the B. C. M. P.'s.
come to our knowledge that even sec-     The attitude of both Vancouver Lo-
retaries of locals oppose the revolutionary position and openly avow the
reformist idea. Many prominent members in the East, have been assisting
in the betrayal of the working class by
assisting to increase the circulation of
papers which confuse the minds of the
working class.
The unorganized locals, such as
Montreal contain members who have
never heard of the ".Western Clarion."
The D. E. C. grant charters to locals
who haven't the slightest notion of the
real class struggle.
(5) The D. E. C. have permitted
members of reform parties to come
over into Canada and lecture under the
auspices of the Socialist Party of Canada. This to our mind is exceedingly
lax and not consistent with the rigid
discipline that ought to prevail in a
real Socialist organization.
In our opinion no one put Party
members should speak from our platform except in opposition,
(6) In the adoption of Parliamentary candidates the S. P. of C. has
been as compromising as the Labor
Party of Great Britain. Calls from
locals to nominate Candidates have
been issued to organizations outside
the Socialist Party, this has been
sanctioned by the D. E. C. who have
violated the principles of Socialism by
assenting to it.
These candidates have therefore not
been Socialist nominees, but a bastard
brand of Labor-Socialist.
I;; it any wonder then, that with
such looseness in organization, and
such freakish votes given for our candidates, that Messrs. Hawthornthwaite
Williams and O'Brien have been voting for reforms in pailiament?
(7) How far are they different from
the Capitalist M.P.'s? Only in this
direction. The Capitalist political
hacks advocate reforms to be returned,
and vote for Ihem along with our
"revolutionaries" and our Socialist M.
P's repudiated those reforms, saying
that Socialism was the only hope and
reforms did not reform, and then in
the parliament voted for the very
measures which they and the Party
press had renounced.
Here is the blight of the revisionist;
Hawthornthwaite, Williams and
O'Brien are worse than the capitalists,
because they vote for measures which
they know cannot assist the working
claBs ln their fight for the emancipation from economic bondage.
(8) Can you wonder'about this confusion when the party platform is so
ambiguous? The working class seem
to think that there are measures that
can assist them ln their fight against
Capitalism, the one but last paragraph
of the Party platform needs Immediate
elimination for it gives rise to false
hopes in the minds of tbe workers.
Understanding as we do the Marx-
Ian position, we say that the misery
and exploitation is bound to increase
and no legislation can remedy and
nullify and neutralize the working of
economic laws. Because of that, palliation of the present system is impossible.
cal and the D. E. C. (who are the same
apparently) towards the actions of Mr.
R. P. Pettipiece are on identical lines
with that pursued by the S. D. P. of
England with that trickster W. Thorne,
M. P.
We maintain that Pettipiece should
Comrades,—The annual meeting of
Local No. 3, North Battleford, Saskatchewan, was held Saturday, December 3rd.
Officers elected for 1911: Organizer, Comrade P. Budden; financial
secretary, Comrade F. S. Allen; librarian, Comrade A. Gildermeister.
Resolution carried that the following members be suspended for nonpayment of dues, and if dues are not
paid within two months the suspended
members will be dropped from the
rolls. Names of suspended members:
Comrades A. R. Edgett, J. W. Haight,
W. Rowland, James Reid, John Reld,
W. W. Booth, H. Parsons, G. Chapman, A. H. Gregory, A. McDonald,
Oscar Bild, J. G. Gavin.
The following resolution was also
carried: That any person making application for membership in this Local
be asked the following questions:
1. What is the class struggle?
2. How are the workers robbed?
3. What is surplus value?
4. What do you understand by the
materialist conception of history?
5. What is a commodity?
6. What are wages?
Secretary was ordered to purchase
a bundle of 25 Clarions each week and
three members are to meet every
Wednesday evening and distribute
same round town.
Resolution carried that we hold an
economic class every two weeks, discussion to be on Marx's "Value, Price
and Profit."
Owing to little differences which did
not amount to very much, having existed between one or two of our members and the farmer members being
engaged most of their time during the
•summer months to get sufficient to
tide thorn over the winter, there has
been practically |no activity shown
here during the last six months, but
we are pleased to report that there
still exists a group of revolutionists
who can see that the only hope for the
And so tbe thing gees on day after
■day. These people have fine bouses
to live in—the working class built
and furnished them, and now keep
them in repair. These people have
good clothes to wear, and lots of them.
They eat good food, and lots of It,
and have lots of time to eat It in,
No factory whistle for them. They
have fine educations, read bookB, travel the world, improve themselves In
various ways.   Very nice, indeed.
But how did they manage to get
hold of such a good time? By 8 hours
a day? (Or old-age pensions? Or
compensation acts? No! By none
of these, but by virtue of their ownership of the things by which wealth
is produced. Because they own the
mills, mines, factories and railroads;
and from their ownership of these
things comes the stream of wealth
that they enjoy.
Now, we, the working class, are
after that same ownership, and we are
going to get it by hook or by crook.
First we must create a desire in a
sufficient number of the working class
for it, then we must seize on the thing
that enables the ruling class to maintain their ownership, that is, the control of the political power.
Taking it altogether, the talk and
discussion cannot fail to be a factor
ln the education of those of tbe workers who heard aad took part in it.
W. D.
aXere and Tfow
By Spea.
QUESTIONS  FOR   WORi.NGMEN.
be outside the Socialist Party.   He is movement  lies   in   concerted  action,
associated in his public capacity with
an organization, which repudiates Socialism and whose main object is petitioning the capitalist class for sops,
to assist in the robbery of the workers.
He heads deputations in a political
capacity from an organization outside
the Socialist Party. To add insult to
injury, he has been appointed fraternal
delegate from the Canadian Trades
and Labor Congress to the American
Federation of Labor, which organization is but a tool of the Civic Federation in New York and is the anti-
Soclailst organization in America.
Sufficient it is, that he will be seated
side by side with Samuel Gompers,
John Mitchell and other famous working class misleaders. His work aB
secretary of a Labor Council should
be justification for his expulsion.
His obnoxious contributions to the
(Labor) press regarding the movement
abroad are contradictory to the policy
adopted by the Party in their refusal
to affiliate with the International Socialist Bureau. To sum him up, he is
a menace to the working class and the
Socialist Party should get rid of him.
He has tried to discredit this Local
by his support of Mr. Jas. Simpson
who left the Socialist Party.
His friendliness toward such anti-
Socialists as Ihe editor of the Winnipeg Voice, show what caliber of man
he is.
(11) The action of the D. E. C. in
permitting one of the Vancouver members, Bird, to run for political offlce
on another ticket than that ot the
Socialist Party, deserves censure too.
(12) We have decided to appeal
to the membership of the Party, for
immediate straightening up of matters
in our ranks.
We deem It necessary to call this
matter to the attention of the Locals
with a view to an Immediate change.
If the Comrades agree let us have
a Dominion Convention, and Immediately, and so rectify the undoubted
errors that exist within our Party now.
If reorganization is assented to, we
can stand side by side wHh the Socialist Party of Great Britain, and say
we are worthy of working class support.
We therefore, Resolve: That a
Dominion Convention be held without
delay, and further resolve: that a copy
of this be sent to the "Western Clarion" and the "Socialist Standard" for
Immediate publication.
and the comrades can expect to hear
that the North Battleford Local has
increased its membership with none
but revolutionists.
Yours ln revolt,
SECRETARY  LOCAL NO.  3,
BRANTFORD,  ONT.
ATENTS
lOMPTLY SECURED!
..'FMBctb the'business'of Manufacturers,
Engiveeru and others who realize the advisability of harint- their Patent business transacted
by Expel ta. Preliminary advice free. Charges
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Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
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' CHI U.I
3K3GMSKS
U.fAmms
-Which Stands for *a Living Wage
Vancouver Local  857.
During the fall and winter months
a class of "Social Progress" meets
every Sunday afternoon ln the Congregational Church in this city. It takes
the form of short introductory addresses, followed by discussion. The
themes for discussion are largely dealing with subjects affecting the working class, such as labor unionism,
labor co-partnership, reforms, single
tax, etc.
A. W. Baker of Brantford Local of
the S. P. of C. was invited to give a
talk. He accepted, and spoke last
Sunday on, "Do So-Called 'Reforms'
Benefit the Masses?" In his talk,
Baker denied that anything short of
the overthrow of the capitalist system
would benefit the mass of the workers. He dealt with the various reforms advocated, in turn, 8-hour day,
compensation acts, old-age pension,
farm colonies for the unemployed, etc.,
and showed how, while they might
benefit some sections of the working
class, they could not improve the condition of the workers as a whole.   An
hour day in any industry does not
necessarily mean a decrease in the
production of commodities, it having
been proved that with the aid of improved machinery, together with a
system of "speeding up," 8 hours'
work may produce as much wealth as
10 hours did before. Therefore our
labor-unionists' hope of "more work"
goes up in smoke.
An old-age pension, too, may be a
very good thing for the aged poor, but
then, they are a very small class in
the community. The master class,
too, profits by the adoption of an old-
age pension; it is cheaper to them, and
allows them greater surplus values to
enjoy. Compensation acts also benefit
a few who happen to be Injured at
work, or their relatives, but it also
has the effect of making the employment of aged and infirm workers lesB
secure. Anyone who is liable to meet
with an accident is dismissed, and
strict physical examinations become
the rule, for instance, on the railroads.
And so with all "reforms" short of
the revolution in ownership needed to
enable the worker to be the master
of the products of his labor.
Baker's talk was followed by a very
animated discussion, some Insisting
that reforms were a useful factor in
the development of the pblltlcal Intelligence of the workers, some taking the clear revolutionary stand. The
point was brought out that there Is a
class of people In the community who
enjoy all the good things that the
workers are striving so hard, and ln
so many ways, to get. This Is the
capitalist class. If you want to know
who they are, just glance down the
Society Column" of your local paper.
Mr. and Mrs. Fltztomktns have departed for their winter home in Southern California." "Mrs. and MIsb
Jones-Smythe are expected home from
their European trip next week."
"Everybody will be at the Gold Club
ball to-night," or "Everybody will be
at the opera to-morrow night."
Have you ever considered the ever-
increasing power-to-produce of modern
machinery?
How Is it that craftsmen in any particular trade, dread the introduction of
machinery into their particular trade?
Under normal conditions would not
men welcome anything that would be
a means of saving labor and giving
more time for leisure and enjoyment?
Why does the moulder curse the
moulding machine, the compositor the
typesetting devices, and the building
trades mechanics the modern steel and
cement method of construction?
What must be the thoughts of the
stonecutter or mason as he views the
process of building the Market St.
Bridge? ?
Are there not a class of people who
DO welcome the advent of machinery
into the world of industry?
And are these people not the OWNERS of machinery?
Is it not true, as Karl Marx said,
that- a modern factory is one vast
machine?
Do not the owners of this machinery
enjoy all the good things of life by
virtue of this same ownership?
And is not the uncertain and precarious state of the working class due
to their lack of ownership of these
same means .of production?
Then, what's the matter with the
working class OWNING as well as
building and operating these vast machines?
If they have brains and muscle
enough to invent, build and operate
them, have they not brains to OWN
them?
DO the workers really operate Industry, or Is it guided and directed by
some power outside of them?
Would it harm the working class to
work shorter hours, under better conditions, wear better clothes, eat better
food, than they do now?
Does it benefit the working man to
be  robbed ?
IS the working man robbed?
And, if he is; WHERE is he robbed;
as a producer or as a consumer of commodities, or as both?
Is It in the interests of the working
class that their power to labor—their
labor power—should be a commodity
on the market like coal and Ire, pig
iron or potatoes?
Under what conditions would it
cease to be a commodity?
Or would It be better for him to let
lt continue to be a commodity, but
let him get a better price for It?
As these are some of the questions
that workingmen of to-day are asking
themselves in every part of the world,
are the workers In Brantford giving
them the attention that they deserve?
Or is it to our Interests to boost for
a big navy, or a bigger army, or more
militia, and "boy scouts?"
What would benefit the worker most
—a cheapening of the cost of living;
a raise In the price of labor-power, or
change in the ownership of the
machine?
Is it possible to Improve conditions
for the workers while the socially-
needed and operated machinery ls
privately owned?
And should we do as many sincere
men woUld have us do—devote our
energies to improving our conditions,
without changing the ownership, I.e.,
by means of reform?
Or COULD we change the ownership
anyway?
Say, Mr. Workingman, are these
questions worth yonr study?
—"D."—In Brantford Citizen.
I _
Through the "friendly" intervention
of tha federal government, workmen in
a cotton factory at Puebla, Mexico,
accepted a reduction In wages and
called off a strike. /Federal governments are expensive "friends."
e    •    e
When hearing pur Liberal politicians howl about Conservative graft,
one is reminded of a skunk condemning a llmberger cheese because of malodorous qualities.
• *   »'
Vancouver,   the   "great   single-tax
city," has more real estate sharks to
the square yard than any Canadian
city this scribe has ever been in.
• •    e
The art of rolling up wealth begins
with the shirt sleeves.—Wall Street
Journal.
And ends there—provided the art ls
practiced on one's own sleeves.
e    e    e
Fpllowing is the week's sub-hustling record:
C. M. O'Brien   5
W. K. Bryce, De Maine, Sask 5
A. W. Baker, Brantford, Ont 3
W. W. Lefeaux, Vancouver 3
A. Farmilo, Edmonton, Alta 2
Geo. A. Faulkner, Blondbeim, Alta. .2
A. F. Cobb, Lacombe, Alta 2
J. WatBon, Winnipeg, Man 2
C. Lestor, Calgary, Alta 2
Singles:
Horace Collingwood, North Battleford, Sask.; Bert Irwin, Meeting Creek,
Alta.; J. H., Nanalmo, B. C; H. Smith,
Merrltt, B. C; W. Byett, Hillcrest, B.
C; C. Schmidt, City.
Bundles:
Neil McLean, South Fort George, B.
C; Archie Hogg, New Westminster, B.
O.J B.J.L., $1.00 Maintenance Fund.
• •   *
THE   8ERVANT3   OF   CAPITAL.
BACHELOR8* "SMOKER."
A "Smoking" concert Is being presently arranged for 26th Dec, to be
held ln the rooms of Local No. 1, at
2237 Westminster Avenue, Those
(men) who are yet at liberty will
please note, and look for announcement next week.
E. M.
Consolidation of capital has been going on rapidly over the world for at
least twenty years. Germany has no
Morgan or Rockefeller; but her "cartels" and syndicates correspond to
our trusts. In 1871 the number of Iron
works there was two hundred and
thirteen, with a yearly output valued
at twenty-five million dollars. In 1907
the number of works bad fallen to one
hundred and three, though the value
of output had risen to a hundred and
sixty-five millions. In England and
Wales, exclusive of London, in 1889,
there were ninety-six joint-stock banks,
holding about eight hundred million
dollars of deposits. In 1908 the number of such banks was only thirty-
seven and their deposits had risen
to a thousand millions. Since 1908
further consolidation of banks has taken place there. Instances outside the
United States of this powerful tendency of capital to combine might be
multiplied.
With instances inside the United
States every reader is familiar; but
our instances are often misunderstood
because they are treated as personal
movements—as something that Morgan and Hill, Harrlman and Rockefeller are doing. This consolidation is
not a movement of men at all. It ls a
worldwide movement of capital; and
lt would have gone on ln the United
States in substantially the same way
if the gentlemen named had never been
born.
The grand object of consolidation
is to suppress competition; and for
capital that has become a measure of
self-preservation. The New York Central Railroad was made up of a dozen
small local lines. A fight among them
would have been much like a war between two Indian tribes—some scalping, a few acres of corn destroyed, fifty
bark huts burned. In the present New
York Central system something like a
thousand million dollars Is Invested.
Just south lies the Pennsylvania system, In which another thousand mill-
Ions Is Invested. Actual war between
these two huge systems would destroy
capital as fast as many a campaign
that figures In International history.
Capital says there shall be no such
war; and because that is necessary to
capital's self-preservation It will keep
on saying it as long as water runs
downhill—given the continuation of
present conditions.
One might say that personally Mr.
Morgan has nothing to do with lt. He
is the agent of capital only because
he does the things that capital requires. If he did not do them there
would instantly be another agent
Perhaps those publicists are right
who say that this consolidation of capital is the most important phenomenon
of our time; but whoever regards it as
in any degree a personal movement, or
subject to the discretion of any one
man or any limited number of men,
will never understand it.—Saturday
Evening Post.
»   .   .
It remains for wage slaves, among
whom the carrying on of a Btruggle,
"much like a war between two Indian
tribes," is the essential condition for
the existence of capital, to renounce
that principle of consolidation which
is so successful an element in the
growth of capitalist power. THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
ER8KINE,   ALTA.
Dear Comrade:—On Saturday evening, December 3rd, Comrade O'Brien
held a meeting in this district, and
despite the fact that the mercury
hovered around zero, our meeting
place was filled with farmers eiutious
to hear what our Socialist M.P.PT had
to say on the great subject of Social-
mis.
Our Comrade pointed out that although we were supposed to be
independent farmers, we were really
no better off than afly other bunch of
slaves, except for the fact that we
always had a steady job. At the close
of his remarks that 'night another
meeting was arranged for the following day, Sunday, which was not
quite so cold. A good sized crowd
greeted the speaker who took "value"
as his subject. The way he handled
this was a revelation; his ease and
clearness, coupled with his sound
logic, showed Indeed that he was a
master hand on economics.
His visit seemed to put new life into
this Local, and we expect to attack
the enemy with renewed energy, feeling tbat ln due time he will be overthrown and we shall emerge free men
ready to take possession of the earth
and exploit it for use instead of for
profit.
The farmers are dissatisfied jand
realize that there is something radically wrong. It only needs someone
to carry them the message in a clear
way and they will drop In line like
ripe fruit into a basket. Our great
need is for more speakers.
Our Local now has a membership of
22. Receipts for both meetings, five
dollars, new membership enrolled,
five, and four or five subs, taken by
Comrade O'Brien for the "Clarion."
Yours In revolt,
A.  A.  McNEILL,
Secy. Local Erskin No. 32.
at anything short of what we are ourselves, instead of utilizing the material
at hand for our own advantage. "If we
have the material," says Pee-Wha-Kee.
We have the material, we have the
whole working class, but we must first
reach them and, whether you like it or
not, we are not doing so at the present time.
Outside the executives, we have no
organization worthy of the name. One
local does not. know what the other Is
doing, therefore one cannot profit by
the experience of the other. Take a
Dominion organizer. Gribble for Instance, who recently said he had the
"hump," what encouragement has he
got to work? He is going from Coast
to Coast just feeling his way from one
local to another, mapping out his own
route. He notifies a local a few days
previously that he will arrive on a certain date and when he gets there perhaps someone bands him a poster informing him that he is to speak in a
certain place at a certain time. He
goes to a bum hotel and has some oats,
then locates the place, runs off his
talk and prepares to move on. There
is no one to tell him the position of
the local or to consult him on what is
being done or what should be done;
none, who look upon him for what he
is, an organizer.
The locals of the Okanagan deserve
credit for jointly arranging a tour for
Conmrade Desmond. It is a step in tbe
right direction. They know just where
and when Desmond is wanted, and
Desmond will know just where he is
"You are busy talking Socialism, are
you? Well, If you have never read any
books on the Socialist philosophy, how
do you know whether you are talking
Socialism or not? If you have not
re*ad and studied up on economics,
how do you know that the measures
which you advocate are for the benefit of the working class or not? Well,,
it's small wonder that every once in a
SATURDAY,   DECEMBER   17th,   1910.
were low. Graft was unknown there,
but the working class wasn't any better fed nor housed nor clothed than
they were in the most g. aft-ridden city
I have ever been in. By the time we
had reached our destination we had
come to the conclusion that graft in
politics has very little to do with the
condition of the working class.
"By the time we arrived at the hall
while we see columns of valuable space we found the meeting in progress. The
taken up with articles trying to ex-'report of the scale committee was un-
piain  what  is   the  matter  with   the der discussion.
party. I'll tell you what the matter i "The union's demands were not very
with the party, there are not enough j modest, I'll admit, but we were work-
Socialists in it."
ling for low wages, and worse still, far
There were a few minutes of silence j too many hours.   Where workmen ln
and then some one proposed that Wilson should tell how and where he became a Socialist. He objected at first,
but the audience demanded to hear
the story, and so, after selecting a comfortable chair, he told us the following:
"Dan Bane had been known for fifteen or twenty years as one of the
most far-sighted and progressive members of the union. Socialism had never been discussed in union meetings,
nor had Dan ever chanced to work
with a Socialist. He knew that the
working class had to fight constantly
ln order to live at all, and as he had
seen the working class repeatedly betrayed by 'friends of labor,' he came
to the conclusion that labor had nothing to gain by electing politicians on
whatever ticket they might choose to
run. He was quite positive in his own
mind that lt dldn"t make much differ-
going and what he has to do.   Local lence to a politician what colored flag
Revelstoke could not participate in this, he sailed under so long as it landed
scheme because It was badly broke.
Spending finances as well as it could
under prevailing conditions but not
getting the result It otherwise would
were there more perfect organization.
him in a job.
"But Dan was an intelligent man
and quite a student. He had read
works of Thomas Paine and other radical literature, but he was sure that
ORGANIZATION  AGAIN
! Pee-Wha-Kee wants me to take a
hand in talking over organization in
the Clarion columns. That I will willingly do, if there is a possibility that
it will do any good.
We cannot adopt all the methods of
the old parties, but we can adopt some
of them to good advantage; and further,
if we are going to have a successful
political machine we must study the
methods of our opponents, just as the
general on a battlefield finds out the
position, the strength, and, if possible,
the plans of the enemy. He does this
because he knows if he is to be the
victor that he must employ tactics to
suit the conditions, and as the conditions change, so must the tactics.
Now, here ls a lesson we can learn
from the old parties. They pay but
little attention to the old voters whom
they know have always voted one way
and very likely always wlll; but they
devote their time to the young men,
and women too, whom they know are
easily turned away and very suscep-
We are too far along now for locals' the best thing a working man could
to   be   connected  through   Provincial ■ do, at the time we first met, was to
Executives. Locals should be connected with one another through central
bodies responsible to the provincial
executives. If this were done I believe
that lt would be possible in a short
time for each district to publish a paper of its own to hand out the right
dope in the right place at the right
time. With such facilities for publicity it would be possible to attack
effectively the machines of the old political parties, and it would serve to
keep the locals in closer touch with
one another. The few dollars of each
local could be clubbed together to be
used for definite purposes to be decided upon by those concerned.
Now I know just what many of you
will say: "Why not devote our few
dollars to the Clarion?" But whether
you like it or not the Clarion is not
a paper that reaches the masses, and
if, it did it wouldn't be read by them,
t would be casting pearls before swine.
The Clarion, I believe, has no peer in
the English language as a Socialist
organ, but it is too much for the mind
of the average worker to assimilate at
the start of his education. Nevertheless I do not advocate changing the
tlble to new ideas.   They strive to hold ————————————————————————
these young people, even making work I Policy  of  the  Clarion.    It  has  done
for them to impress them with the idea great work amongst the party members
that they are a part of the organization. Should one of them voice a new
idea, or one which they think is new,
he is listened to with interest, whether the matter be of importance or not.
What I am trying to show is that they
are encouraged in every way.
Likewise let us of the Socialist
Party encourage our young people. We
certainly are not doing It now. Let
them voice their opinions. If they are
good, say so; if not, then don't jump
on top of them and call them "sloppy."
By doing so you might think you are
showing your superiority as a Socialist; on the contrary you are showing
your ignorance of a very important
part of the movement, and that is organization.
Don't be in too big a hurry to call
anyone "sloppy." True, we have made
the tactics and ideas of the past generation look sloppy, but don't forget
that our time, and our Ideas, are passing away, and another generation Is
rising to take our place—a generation
that is not going to absorb capitalist
ethics and plod on in the rut of superstition as the most of us did till well
up In years. The new generation will
give an ear to our ideas from babyhood, which will merely be a starter
for other, and newer ideas. It is then
that we will be the "sloppy" ones.
We of the S. P. of C. seek an absolutely class-conscious membership, although we well know that an absolute
is an impossibility. Still, the higher
we set our goal, the greater will be our
accomplishments ln that line. In that
we are right; but where we make our
mistake Is that we turn up our noses
and it has yet great work to do.
1 believe I have said enough for
the present and will now sit back and
await the vengeance of the "giants."
To forestall any misapprehensions I
will say that I am an unadulterated
product of the S. P. of C. and if my
ideas have gone wrong, then it is
rather a reflection on its methods of
education.
THE UNPATRIOTIC IRISHMAN.
The "Canadian navy," Atlantic section, has been in action—vide press
report — suppressing a disturbance
amongst fishermen. We are also informed, on good authority, that the
Rainbow recently emerged victorious,
after a desperate struggle with a
piratical coal-oil can ln Burrard Inlet.
STORIES   ABOUT   PRINTERS.
OVER SB YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Mahkb
Designs
^^^^^^^^^     COPVBI0HT3 Ac.
Anyone sending 8 "'<" Hi and d»scrlr,Mnn mny
ouloklr asROHtilii oit iiri.ili.it true fftiolltor mi
hiTAiitinn is iiniiiiii-iy iniLqtiiiiMii. pommiinlra.
liiinsstrlntlyi-'iiHiik'iiii.il. HANDBOOK on Patents
sent free. Oldest iiirRtmj for seruriiiKrntciit.fl.
Pnionts taken tlirouah Muiui A Co. receive
special notice, wll itout ctmroe, lu tlie
Scientific American.
A fcand-MmMly illuttratM weekly. Lftrtreit clr-
cn.n-.tlon of any ■i-Jentiflfl Jourmil. Term* for
Canada, |3.7ft a year, puttaff-B prepaid. Sold 'it
all nemtdealeri.
(By J. H. Fraser.)
It was one of those cold, soggy-wet
autumn nights when the fire felt good
and when one was Inclined to spend
the evening indoors, that several of
us drifted into the newly established
Quad Club. We hadn't" much of a
library at that time and our pool and
billiard tables were not in the best
condition. The Club was formed entirely of men employed in the printing
industry and of course that meant a
large majority of Socialists.
The conversation turned naturally to
Socialism and to Socialist party tactics. White and Wilson, two old-timers, were having quite an animated
discussion over the best method of
reaching the working class and I strolled over to hear the argument.
"Did you ever read the works of
Marx, Engels, Kautsky, Lafargue or
Bebel, or any of the others?" asked
Wilson.
"No," said White. "I have been too
busy attending ward meetings and
soap-boxing and talking Socialism to
find any spare time for reading. I
suppose those things are all right, but
then you know they are so dry that
wben I try to read them I fall asleep.
I "
But Wilson could restrain himself
no longer and with more force than
politeness he told White the amount
of harm he had probably done the Socialist movement by claiming all kinds
of Impossible things for Socialism, and
concluded with these words:
vote for Bryan.
"I was almost as ignorant of the
principles of Socialism as Dan,
although I had read one or two of the
papers occasionally.
"One night we started for union
meeting, and as we crossed Wilson
square we saw a crowd gathered about
a stand or box, where a banner was
displayed announcing a Socialist
meeting. I suggested that we stop
and listen. Dan agreed, rather reluctantly, I thought. He' was such a red
hot union man that he always wanted i
to be on time.
"The chairman of the meeting
mounted the platform and made several announcements about Socialist
excursions and dances and entertainments of various kinds, offering tickets
for sale for all of them. He then announced that the speaker of the evening, 'a prominent and well known Socialist,' would talk to us about things
of great importance to labor.
"A young and fairly Intelligent looking man took his place. He didn't
seem to be embarrassed or at all confused. After looking his audience
over coolly and with great deliberation, he began to speak. First he told
how the Socialist Party had been endorsed by various 'eminent divines,'
naming them all. He next told of
the great authors and authors not
quite so great, who had spoken favorably of Socialism. All this wearied
Dan and me, but we were determined
to investigate this question, so we
stuck.
"The speaker launched into a criticism of the men in power and closed
with the following words:
' 'Who is responsible for the rottenness in the government of this
city? Who Is? I ask. Dare you answer that? No, you dare not. It is
you working men. It is you who elect
dishonest officials. There is only one
way to get honest men in power, and
that ls by electing memberB of the Socialist party to offlce.'
' 'Come, lets beat it,' said Dan. And
I was quite willing to go.
'We walked along in silence for a
time and suddenly Dan turned on me
almost fiercely and said:
' 'Jim, you and I have worked all
over this country, and also in Canada.
We have worked in towns which were
pocket editions of heaven as far as
graft was concerned. I worked for
three years In Greenville, Ont., and
in that time the only graft that could
be discovered was the time the sheriff
collected eleven cents for mileage
when he had walked the distance.
Then I worked in Elmvllle, N. Y., and
there was some graft discovered In
the city government. And here there
is a lot of it. But somehow I don't
seem to have any more money in
one place than in another. How have
you found R?'
an industry work too hard or too
many hours per day the periods of unemployment are Invariably longer and
more frequent than in lines where by
shortening their work time the men
cause a scarcity of help.
"The proposition for consideration
called for an immediate reduction ln
hours and an immediate increase in
wages. The radicals applauded vigorously several times during the reading
of the report. In fact, it was easy
to see that the sentiment was overwhelmingly for an immediate adoption
of the report. Some wanted a few
changes, and the few "capitalists" at
the meeting opposed its adoption. By
capitalists I mean those working men
who always take the employer's side
in every argument.
"The spokesman of this contingent
argued that it would not be right to
demand a raise on such short notice;
that it would show that we had no
respect for the rights of others, also
that we were immoral and unchristian,
and that the employers, having been
saving and thrifty, had built up their
various establishments and were entitled to some consideration because
of this faot; they had been so' kind as
to give employment to a large number
of men, and further, they were entitled to compensation for risks and
for the exertion necessary to superintendence.
"The speech lasted about half an
hour and had a great effect upon the
audience. Of course it wouldn't be
tolerated now, but in those days very
few working men had developed the
faculty of thinking for themselves.
His closing sentence seemed to have
more effect than any other part of his
speech, when he said:
Now, men, I say it would be unjust
and very wrong of us to take advantage of these employers after they have
been so fair to us. Remember, God
in his infinite goodness, gave the
wealth of the world into the hands of
those best fitted to administer it. Remember, also, the saying of St. Paul:
'The powers that, be are ordained of
of God."'
"When one of the radicals asked
permission to speak he was told to be
brief and to the point. This speaker
was a master of the English language
and knew how ito say the right thing
at the right time.
"He called attention to the fact that,
while wages had advanced, the prices
of other commodities had risen much
more* rapidly, and that though our
money wages might be higher, our real
wages, that is, what we could purchase
with what we received, had decreased
at least a third. He spoke also of the
laws which had been made in the interest of the capitalists and how, if
we would elect our own men to fill the
political offices, we could do likewise;
but at this point the chairman stopped him with: 'You can't talk Socialism here; this is no political meeting,'
and refused to permit him to say anything more. Cries of 'Go on! More!
More of that!' were heard from all
over the hall, but the chairman refused to reverse his decision.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Lauor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker a
slave.
So long as tbe capitalist class remains in possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of proflts, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between tbe capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of tbe working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in offlce shall always and everywhere
until tbe present system is abolished, make tbe answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, tbe
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed ln its hands in such a manner
as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
" 'But,' he said, '1 agree with the
chairman, we should not discuss politics here today. We have something
of more immediate importance. Whatever benefits have come to the working class have come through unions.
We have mixed in politics all our
lives and always with the same result. Some of us have mixed with the
churches. In both cases we have supported loafers who had no legitimate
excuse for being on earth. I am perfectly willing to let the political argument rest where it is, but inasmuch
as the first speaker dragged religion
and morality into his argument, I believe it to be my duty to answer him.
"'He says it-is not right for us to
make these demands. To my mind, the
employers have *thown where they
stand in regard to right and wrong.
This is not a question of right or
wrong. It is a question of power. If
our masters had the power to make us,
we would work for about four dollars
per week and longer hours than we do
now. It is only because we are powerful that we are in a position to demand more.
" 'He quotes St. Paul to prove that I
shouldn't have a raise in wages. This
appears to me far fetched. St. Paul
is not a member of this organization
and should have no voice in its conduct.
" 'This brings us back to the sub-
"I started out to tell you how I became a Socialist. After that meeting
the Socialist who had spoken hunted
me out and handed me a small pamphlet which showed much signs of wear.
He told me that it told about what the
the Socialist movement stood for and
li-quested that I read it. I opened It
carelessly and there on the flrst page
and in the very flrst line, I read:
" 'The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.' 1 didn't understand the book
very well as a whole but sentences
all through it struck me forcibly and
I read it and re-read it time and again
and I found that it very nearly expressed my view of the existing system.
After that Dan and I read about everything printed in the English language
on the subject of Socialism. But the
one paragraph which astonished us
both when we flrst read it was the
following," Here Wilson pulled a well-
worn copy of the Communist Manifesto from his pocket and proceeded to
read:
" 'When, in the course of development, class distinctions have disappeared, and all production has been concentrated in the hands of a vast association of the whole nation, the public
power will lose its political character.
Political power properly so called, is
merely the organized power of one
class for oppressing another.    If the
"Before I knew what I was doing I ject of the day.    The price of living proletariat during its contest with the
was out on the floor demanding permission to speak. I flrst demanded to
know if the last speaker bad been
talking Socialism and he replied 'Yes,'
quick as a flash. Then I said that, in
my opinion, the working class and the
employing class had nothing in common, that whatever was to our interest was opposed to theirs, and that
if the ensuing struggle was the basis
of the Socialist philosophy, a union
man could hardly be anything else but
a Socialist. Cries of 'Right you are!'
and 'Hear, hear!' rang through the
hall, but down came the chairman's
gavel and I was ruled off the floor.
"Then Dan went into action. The
chairman feared him. As I said before,
he was a revolutionist and had the
good will of the large majority of the
membership. He started in by saying
that if what he had heard about Socialism were true, he was heartily in favor
has advanced more rapidly than our
wages, while the very reverse should
be the case. Our employers are constantly increasing the size of their
establishments and are constantly installing new labor-saving machinery,
paid for with the profit from our labor.
We should have the benefits of it. Let
it be real labor-saving. Let us work
less hours per week and also get that
raise.'
"As Dan sat down tbe storm of applause that broke loose shook 'the
building, and cries of 'Question,, 'Question,' rang from a thousand throats.
Of course you all know what happened.
The employers couldn't stand a strike
and so gave us everything we asked.
bourgeoisie Is compelled by the" force
ot circumstances to organize i-tself
as a class; if by means of a revolution,
it makes itself the ruling class, and,
as such, sweeps away by force the old
conditions of production; then it will,
along with these conditions, have
swept away the conditions for the
existence of class antagonisms, and of
classes generally, and will thereby
have abolished its own supremacy as
a class.' This seems to be the view of
the founders of the Socialist movement ln regard to politics, A political party can be a great weapon ln the
final struggle. The need of the party
today is education as well as politics"
—International Socialist Review.
I  had  the  same  experiences  and i of it, but lt was far different from the
had reached about the same conclu-; brand talked on some street corners
sions, and told him so.
"I learned my trade in a small city
where  living  was  cheap and  wages
or in the leaflets which had been left
at the boarding house by so-called Socialists.
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sunday, Dec. 18
R. P. PETTIPIECE
mnjamwts/t tc**mww<mxa&lW,gmT* •
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
(J If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to our office and we will aend a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
installing the gae pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited,

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