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Western Clarion Aug 28, 1909

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 THIS !<S
ROMS!*
542.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, August 28, 1909.
subscription Price   Al  f|Q
PnTia        tBl.UU
IN KING JAMIE'S
NORTHERN DOMAIN
Having recently returned from a
tour In the northern domain of King
Jamie the only, and having hi mind
the fact that his weMmownigood treatment of his slaves caused them to
elect, in his southern domain, Comrade Williams to the law mil), it might
interest the rebels generally :to hear of
the situation up there
and formed a Local, which I helieve
can be depended upon.
Among the farmers around Courten-
ay are many Socialists, one valley being designated "Socialist Valley."
The boat service not being of the
best I took a walk up to Campbell river
stopping twice on the way lo refresh
the inner man. The first stop being
by    a    former
Cumberland,    the    -capital  of King|at a  ranch  occupied ,     ,.    ,
Jamie's northland, Is    situate*!   some iBdtish maJor' l say occupied, adviacd-
,        .,     ,       .u   tt ,        ■    «    . ly.   It is often asserted that the wage
twelve miles from the Union wharf, at, ... ,    ,
., .  .     ,       ,, .,        ,, ,  ,    earners  are  shiftless lazy people but
which boats call three times a week in! , , „, ,
there are others.  The second stop was
at an old Scotch woman's place and
summer and twice in winter. Amid
a sea of fems and cnarred pine stumps,
It would be a splendid place to send a
relative whose death you desired at
the earliest possible date, should you
have no desire to take the matter in
your own hands, therefore few capitalists are to be found in the sheltered
seclusion of its coal dust cloudB, consequently its hotel accommodation is of
the finest. Those where the wage animals hang out are magnificent structures, somewhat cleaner than a lumber
camp bunk-house and perhaps a little
better built; the beds are comfeodlous
enough to permit one a half-roll over
if he is very careful, and there are
rarely more than four in a room, and
sometimes only two, In which case you
are compensated by being able to
touch the next bed from your own.
The cuisine Is unexcelled, and an unanswerable refutation to the theory
that men dig their graves with their
teeth, for history records no case of
a man dying from hotel fare In this
town. This not only refutes the
aforementioned theory, but it proves
the wage-slaves to be a hardy cuss.
There is a commercial hotel In town,
which looks a little better than the,
others, but whose looks are deceitful
the contrast was refreshing. There
was no silver plate to eat from, nor
was there much machinery but, upon
making known my business, I was
informed that her son was also a rebel.
She had been there some forty years,
stuck in that hole ln the woods hewn
out by her husband, and was as Interesting as a novel by one of the masters. Upon being asked how long it
would take to clear ten acres of land
She replied:
"God knows laddie, see that bit o'
stump sticking up there? Weel, ma
auld man worked thirty years on that
stump, an' that's what's left o't. He
toakiadod aft every winter."
And 1 could well believe her. I
was photographed with five others sitting on a stump which had been uprooted by a giant jfir falling, and two
who had ascended to the extreme
height did not get on the .picture.
Back to the land, forsooth. Well, If
you have a spite against yourself do
so. Forty years in a wilderness and
the promised land as far oft as ever;
nothing but toll has been this old
lady's portion all the days of her life,
and  nothing  but   toil  stretched  out
The remuneration of a wage-slave is j ahead. Constant worry also. The
not expressed in dollars and cents, but | hay is cut? Will It rain? The Oats are
in the necessary comforts of life ob-; ripening, will it never stop raining?
tainable thereby, and the Cumberland .The best cow has "strewn awa." The
slaves who live in hotels are not the taxes are due and no money on hand,
best paid bunch on earth, nor are they ,The mare has colic.    A panther has
the best satisfied.
I held a meeting in the city hall and
when it started had an audience of exactly eight Inside, there were visible,
however, outside, several more, the
outside audience grew, until finally
one broke inside after repeated solicitations from your humble, breaking the
thread of my discourse to do so. At
length, having induced a goodly portion Inside the fatal portals, I desisted
further supplications and devoted mj--
self to those inside. Ere I had finished, the hall was well filled and a few
yet hovered on the street outside.
I had a second meeting on a Sabbath
evening, and there being other attractions, had not quite so many, however,
they came in more readily notwithstanding a couple of Jamie's bosses being there, one of whom has since informed me I got mixed ln my dates!
Asked to name these same dates, he
gave the childish reply of, "I am not
going to tell you." For such is the
Kingdom of Jamie.
From Cumberland I went to Union
Wharf, where the slaves would not
come near. At the wharf the slaves
are mostly of the almond-eyed type.
Cumberland also boasts some thousand
of these tailed Canadians. Being voteless and for the most part spiritless,
they are very desirable citizens. We
have one comrade here, however, who
does not fall to keep up the agitation,
Fred Larson, and between him and the
boss, whom they cannot get away
from, something will be done.
There being no organization In the
district, I made several mlscues, one of
"which was at Coustenay, a bad one.
Arriving there on the Friday I expected, to address a meeting on the Saturday, but was informed the hall was
not engaged, nor the meeting advertised. The weather being very threat-,
wing, I moved on, and afterward
heard that a crowd had come In and
the hall was engaged. It was my own
fault I having put two men on the lob
of advertising the meeting and hlrolng
the hall, and a misunderstanding be.
tween them upset the meeting. Had a
satisfactory meeting there afterwards
clawed up a calf. A weasel has visit-
led the fowl house. This is not imagin-
oh! the joys of a stump ranch are incomparable.
An Englishman had taken up a
quarter section near her some few
years ago. He belonged to the better
classes!?) and was a prodigy of learning In the old lady's eyes. Could take
any conversation down in shorthand,
could speak several languages, and had
other accomplishments. She advised
him to leave the ranch alone, but he
would not take her advice. Being one
of those fortunate beings who are very
numerous on Vancouver Island, who
get money from home without writing
for it. Who never do any work and
dlsplse all those who do (which is the
only good point they possess) and in
very truth knowing themselves as
they do, it is no wonder they dlsplse
people who work to maintain them; being in short, a remilttance man, and
an Henglishman of the better classes
(which counts some) he decided to
stay with the ranch. His cabin and
clearing, stands today, a monument to
the chronic Inertia prevalent among
this type of inane individuals. He
fills a suicides grave. The hardships
and disappointements were too great
for him so he slit his windpipe and
crossed the divide. "Nothing in life
became him like the leaving of it,"
pity some more of his tribe would not
do likewise., He had money coming
and did not have to work and yet
that old lady toiling on alone (her
husband is dead several years) has
no respite, albeit she ls worth more
than all his tribe.
On to Campbell river and into the
lumber camps and, futher proof that
the English are the salt ot the earth.
Without them humanity would rot.
Clot into one camp of about twenty men
four of whom were English, one a
cockney. Asked them did they ever
read the Clarion. What was It? A
Socialist Paper! No they certainly
had not and didn't want to. I sat
down to talk it over at that. The
Cockney had been in Australia, and
REGINA PROPAGANDA.
Editor Clarion;
On Sunday afternoon in spite of the
awful heat in a hall on top floor, (a
typical proletarian place of meeting,
no electric fans.) Yet a large audience
gave me very careful attention for
about one hour an a half. After the
meeting a number signed up to get a
charter.
We decided to hold a street meeting in the evening. Was at it but a
few minutes when a policeman informed me I could not talk Socialism on the
streets of Regina, he said I could talk
i religion if I wanted to. I told him I
i.would talk anything I liked. He threatened to arrest me and I told him to
get busy. He went away , Isuppose to
get advice from some of the' political
pimps, whose slave he is, as he must I
do their bidding in order to hold his
job. This refers to police generally.
Finally he returned with another policeman and they took me to jail.
Local Comrades took my place and
continued to address the audience;
he police did not Interfere. Dr. Cowan
a dentist, who does not pretend to
know anything about Socialism, bnt
who sat in his office window across the
street, listening to me, and his manly
feelings revolted against such discrimination. He immediately went to the
magistrate and went my bail.
The next day at 16:00 a.m., I appear-J
ed for trial and was surprised to learn
that I was not charged with talking Socialism, but obstructing the traffic.
The police denied charging me with
talking Socialism. Our witnesses
swore they heard him, therefore proving him a perjurer. The doctor and
others .swore that there was no obstruction. His Honor said $2.2f, and
be "bound over to keep the peace for
6 months," or 7 days in jail. I refused
to be bound over so went to jail.
The doctor and others pleaded with
me to settle, many of them offering
the $2.25. The doctor came four times
to my cell bringing others with him,
to go my bail, finally he brought a lawyer, who declared the whole proceedings were illegal, and that if I would
allow them to go my bond, they could
easily have the decision reversed. It
gajled me to do it but it was then about
four in the afternoon, I had dinner at
the King's expense, the doctor had
been running about all the day In my
behalf, and apparently    Intended
keep it up until he got me out, so I
consented. The local comrades are going to take the case to higher authorities.
In "the last evening we went on
Market Square, an out of the way
place, and had a good gathering for a
few nights. I will address a few meetings in the Market Square then move
on to Moose Jaw.
This is the first time in my life to
be arrested or to be ln jail. Had it
not been for the big-hearted doctor 1
would have served the 7 days. I still
believe it would have been the best for
the movement but he argued "think
of all the good work you can be doing."
Anyhow (he police and the judge
did the proper thing. We slaves have
no right on the streets excepting when
we use them in the interests of our
masters. When we use them against
the interests of our masters, then they
are justified in preventing us from
using them at all, and in punishing us
for abusing tbe privileges that they so
kindly bestow on us.
C. M. O'BRIEN.
TO WORKERS IN
TOWN AND COUNTRY
GLUT   OF
AUSTRALIAN
LONDON.
MEAT   IN
While Thousands Starve.
(Reuter's Service.)
London, Thursday.—There is a serious glut in the London market of meat
from Australia and New Zealand, with
a decline in price.
The importers of meat from Australasia here held a meeting, under
the chairmanship of Mr. George Good-
sir, to consider the situation from
their own. standpoint. >
Mr. Goodsir stated that there were
a million carcases of Australian mutton now stored in Lonodn.—Barrier
Truth;
*    *    *
Mr. Tooth said thousands of men
were starving in Sydney, and must
have work.
Mr. Williams said that this morning,
while looking for work, he had counted hundreds of men seeking for it in
vain. "This is Australia," he said,
"where white men clamoring for work
can't get it. As citizens, we maintain
we have the right to demand work
from you. Men are hungry and their
children are starving."—Report of
to speech at unemployed demonstration.
ROBBED AS CONSUMERS!
Are We?
(Continued en Page 4)
They rob us as consumers, you
your life they do,
But 'tis fortunate they eannot rob
us much;
For 'tis so devilish little we get to
wear and chew,
That to rob us heavily would beat
the Dutch.
We must think ourselves quite happy
we often go without,
For then, you see, we are not rob.
bed at all;
If  we   consumed   all   we   produced.
there's not the slightest doubt.
We'd be robbed of everything, both
great and small.
Refrain;
They' rob us when we're eating,
They rob us when we dress,
The rob us when we take a beer or
smoke,
(It beats the Deuce.)
The more we get, the more we're robbed—
('Tis logical, I guess.)
So, of course, we are not robbed when
we produce.
They rob us as consumers, It's very
very sad,
To think that while we breathe, it
must be so—
To live we muBt eat something, but
stm, it's not so bad,
For our rations are irregular and
low,
When, like our Oriental friends, on
rice and rats we dine,
Tbe  robbery  to  a  minimum  will
sink.
Sand our living standards going down,
say, boys, it will be fine,
When it's down to that enjoyed by
Jap and Chink!
bei I Refrain:
' They rob us when we black our boots,
And when we brush our hair;
We're robbed when'er we go and get
a  shave,
(And no excuse.)
We're robbed when'er we use the soap
To wash our faces fair,
But we're certainly not robbed when
we produce.
Since as consumers all are robbed, it
must be very tough
On the people who do nothing but
consume;
Since we're robbed in a little, those
who get more than enough
Are robbed far more than us, so we
presume;
So those who live in palaces are certainly robbed more
Than those who are condemned to
live ln shacks;
And those who costly raiment wear,
are robbed, we may be sure,
More than those who scarce have
rags upon their backs.
Refrain:
They're robbed when they are yachting,
And when in state they dine,
With the best of everything they're
robbed,
(What an abuse!)
They're robbed  ln wearing   precious
gems—
They're robbed in every line,
But they're never NEVER robbed
when
THEY
Produce.
WILFRED GRIBBLE.
You will be called upon again to exercise the franchise, to give your votes
as you think best in your own interests
and the interests of the countiry. In
in the past you have had the choice between two parties. You now have an
opportunity in some constltuences to
vote for a third party, the Socialist
Party, which professes to be organized
in the interests of the working classes.
Looking back over the records of
the old parties, in this and other countries, do you find reason to hope that
the interests of the workers are safe
in their hand; that they hold out any
prospects that those who create the
wealth of the world shall enjoy it, or
even that they will be enabled to live
less precariously and with less hardship than before? On the other hand,
do you not see that, as countries become settled up and industrialized, the
power of capitalism becomes greater,
the conditions of the workers harder
and governments and Courts more subservient to the interests of the money
powers and the ruling classes?
If you notice what is going on in
the world around you, you must see
that what Socialists have foretold is
being realized every year. As the
improvement in machinery, methods
and organization of industry progresses with giant strides and wealth accumulates in ever vaster proportions,
the share that falls to the few owners
of the earth and its industries become,
ever greater in proportion, and that
which falls to the tollers, who own
nothing but the little they earn, becomes ever less in proportion; and
that the numbers of these toilers, competing with each other and against the
marvellous improvements of labor-saving machinery and methods, so increase that the mass of the permanently unemployed also Incresases
every year. Consequently the position
of those who find employment becomes
more insecure, and those who own
nothing but their labor-power are
drawing ever nearer to the brink of
destitution.
If you have watched the struggles
of the Trades Unions In the United
States and Canada against the power
of Capital, with the courts and legislatures subservient to It, you must see
that the usefulness of the Trades Un-.
Ion is nearing its end; that, under modern conditions of industry, there will
soon be no place, no use for Trade Unions; they will be robbed of their
rights, privileges and funds by the Capitalist courts and be swallowed up in
the ever-increasing mass of unskilled
labor and starving unemployed.
Do yoa notice the signs of the times;
he attacks on a free press and free
speech, when used In Ihe Interests of
the working class; the swift encroachment on Individual liberty in the case
of the worker; how readily he Is jailed—often for only the mere fact of
his being out of work and destitute—
and In some States forced into actual
slave labor; how the press, news-agencies and channels of Information are
being controlled by the great power of
Capitalism, and used with diabolical
unscrupulousness to deceive the pub-
privilage or favor to any? Have the
workers under the present system actually any more power to form society
on a just basis than the slaves had?
As long as the workingman's vote filters through the ordinary political channels, it only helps to swell the main
current of Capitalism and arbitrary
government. Loyalty given to the
party that Is fighting your battle, your
vote will help the flowing tide of
the Social Revolution to bring in
the true democracy, when every child
born into the world will have an equal
chance with every other child, as far
as the wit and science of man can
make It so; and the only distinctions
between man and man will be the wise
and beneficlent distinctions which nature imposes in the variety and diversity of her gifts, and which society
will require in the variety and diversity of its services In the co-operative
commonwealth.
Revolutionary Socialism alms to
bring about a society In which all that
Is necessary to support life, the resources of nature and the means of production and distribution, shall be owned collectively and controlled democratically, and where there shall be no
private property ih such things; where
no man shall grow rich on other men's
labor, but every man shall have security in his private property and freedom
from anxiety for himself and his
family, and the only sufferer, as far
as economical or social conditions go,
would be the wilful Idler and wrongdoer; a society which owed equal consideration and opportunities to every
man, woman and child, and where
every man, woman and child owed
reasonable service to society.
Fellow workerB in town, factory,
farm, mine or forest; farmers, tradesmen, toilers all; your Interests are.
Identical if you only knew it. You are
exploited now and will be exploited
more in the future by those who own
the earth and control its government,
machinery and wealth. Your share
and power will get ever smaller as
their share and power gets larger. "The
mills of God grind slowly but they
grind exceeding small." You cannot
escape the class-struggle, alone or with
the old parties, you and your class,
must continually sink to a lower level,
as the great trusts and .centralized
Industries and corporations put on the
screw. Fighting with the allied workers of the world, you will hasten the
time when the power of greed exclu-
slvcness, monopoly and privilege will
be broken, with all its attendant barbarities, vulgarities nnd snobberies,
and Hie awful suffering II Is massing
up among men; and the day of equal
opportunities, guaranteed rights, fulfilled duties will take their place.
Join us and learn what comradeship
means. "Workers of the World
Unite."
RALPH G. GREY.
THE  LE880N.
It  Is  reported  that the  street  rail
way employees    of    Stockholm    who
lie and damage the cause of the work- twere involved in the   general   strike
er, whenever it struggles for recognition and justice?
Do you know that millions of your
fellow-workers, men, women and children, live already in conditions as brutalizing, so hopeless, that an appeal to
them to help themselves would be useless. Their doom ls already sealed,
and that of millions to follow, until the
workers who have not yet sunk so
deep, clear their eyes, rouse themselves and join the world-wide fight,
till the last great tyranny is low.
The parties you have voted for
hitherto nominally stand for a democratic state of society; the Socialist
Party stands for actual democracy.
How much democracy Is there now in
the lot of the great majority of men?
What chance have they of moulding
the conditions in which they live; of
ensuring a fair chance for all, a fair
reward for every men's toll, with no everything.
have received a crushing defeat.
Only the older and more experienced
employees, who had prvlously been
drawing the highest pay, were taken
back by the company, and then only at
the lowest rate of pay, and upon signing an individual agreement that tbey
would ever after remain loyal to the
company. And yet It is only recently that Sweden was being pointed to
as an example of what coMd be achieved by industrial anlonlsm.
Nobody can attribute their failure to
lack of courage on the part of the
strikers. To what then? With the
strongest and most virile organizations. With tbe most heroic courage.
What has been achieved?
The lesson Is being writ larger every day. France, Spain, now Sweden.
They tell the same tale. Without political power we aie nothing; with lt, TWO
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY AUGUST 28th, 1909.
Ihe Mm toa
Published every Saturday by the
■eetallit Party of Canada, ai tbe Office
tt the Weatern Clarion, Flack Blook
anient, 166 Basting. Street, Vancou-
- O.
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THE  WESTERN  CLARION,
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543
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
SATURDAY  AUGUST 28th,  1909.
THAT THIRD VOLUME.
(Marx's Capital Vol  III, Chas. H.
Kerr Co. $2.00.)
In certain quarters it has always
been insisted that monopolies could
override the law of value and fix prices
at will and that the workers after
having been robbed as producers were
again robbed as consumers. We who
had formed conclusions to the contrary, from the first volume of Capital
among other sources of Information
were always referred pityingly by our
Intellectual friends to the third volume
which, being yet untranslated was not
available to the most of us. Therein,
we were told, Marx himself had stated
that the consumer is robbed and that
monopolies can fix prices. Marx
having said It would of course
by no means prove it, except
that Marx, with his infinite capacity
for taking pains, had a habit of making
no statements of even no great importance without proving them to the hilt
very often to even tiresome redundancy.
The two statements mentioned do
not appear on the surface to have any
great import. They seem rather to
be mere hairsplitting. But the fact of
the matter is that they have a far
greater importance tliau is realized
even by those of whoso creed they
form a part.
For nstance, granted that under monopolistic production, the law of value
becomes inoperative, the questions immediately arise: Dy what law is the
exchange of commodities then governed? If the monopolist can fix prices
at will why does he fix them no higher?
What are the limitations of this extra
profit over surplus value? What relation does It have to the composition of
capital? Again, if the worker is robbed
as a consumer, whither do the proceeds
of' this robbery flow? What are its
proportions to the surplus value of
which he has already been exploited,
to his real, relative, and money wage,
and to the value of his labor power.
In fact the truth of these statements
would mean a complete readjustment
of the exchange relations of commodities, and would open up a wide field for
tha investigator in economics. Marx
with his keen Insight could hardly,
have been blind to all this. Hence we j
might expect at least several chapters
if not a whole volume devoted to the
laborious elecudation of these points.
frow at length this third volume has
been translated Into English and pub-1
llshed by Chas. H. Kerr & Co.    News
of the fate that was in store for us was
broken to us, by no means gently, first, ]
ln the International Socialist Review, :
curiously enough, by Com. rntcrmann,
the translator himself.    He grumbled
that he had had much trouble with the j
doctrinaires who Insisted too insistent-;
ly on the robbery of the producer alotn'.
After  reading  (he  third  volume  we j
would be glad to hold our pence. Com.
■pargo also took a fall out of us, and
(Bom. Hughes by way of rubbing It in,
demonstrated the robbery of the consumer out of "Value Price and Profit,"
though, sad to say, his demonstration
proves the very reverse.
Finally the third volume arrives and
what do we find to uphold their claims?
The whole volume? Even several
ehaplers? No. llarely four dubious
sentences! Verily the mountain has
labored nnd brought forth a mouse.
And even of these, three sentences are
ambiguous enough In English to have
a meaning contrary to that which our
friends would read into them. In
German their ambiguity might have
been such that the translator might
easily and without malice have given
the translation a loan to his side of
the controversy. Here are the references.   On page 209 we find: —
"In order that tho lwlces at which
commodities are exchanged with one
another may correspond approximately
to their values, no other conditions
are required but the following:* » • *
So far as selling is concerned, there
must be no accidental or artificial mon
opoly which may enable either of the
contracting sides to sell commodities
above their value or compel others to
sell below value."
Be it noted that there is no suggestion that monopolies which might enable either of the contracting parties
to sell above value do exist or can exist. Merely their non-existence ls
taken as a condition for the free operation of the law. That Marx's opinion
was against the existence of such may
be ascertained by going no further
than the two preceeding paragraphs.
Again on page 1,003 we find: —
"If a commodity with a monopoly
price should enter Into the necessary
consumption of the laborer, it would
increase the wages and thereby reduce
(he surplus value, if the laborer would
receive the value of his labor power,
the same as before. But such a commodity might also depress wages below
t je value of labor power, of course only
to the extent that wages would be
higher than the physical minimum of
subsistence, ln this case the monopoly
price would be paid by a deduction
from the real wages (that is, from the
quantity of use-values received by the
laborer lor the same quantity of labor)
and from the profit of the other capitalists."
Ambiguous enough is it not? And,
with the whole tenor of the three volumes In our favor, would we not be
justified in claiming the benefit of the
doubt?
Furthermore it should be remembered that Marx is here engaged in proving that it would be a mistake to say
that wages, the rate of profit, and the
rate of rent are constituent elements
of the value of commodities, or the
price of production; and that he is
again supposing a case, not affirming
one. In fact the opening sentence of
that very paragraph leaves no doubt
in our mind as to his opinions on the
matter in question; thus: —
"Finally, if the equalization of the
surplus-value into average profit meets
with obstacles In the various spheres
of production in the shape of artificial
or natural monopolies, particularly of
monopoly in land, so that a monopoly
price would be possible, which would
rise above the price of production and
above the value of the commodities affected by such a monopoly, still the
limits imposed by the value of commodities would not be abolished thereby."
So altogether we fall to see why our
friends are so exultant. However sure
they may be of the correctness of their
position, Marx is the last one they can
call to their defence.rather were he
alive, he would give us an amusing investigation into the sanity of their
views. Surely Com. Untermann must
have translated the book, as the typo
sets type, without sensing the meaning of his subject matter.
Nevertheless credit is due him for
the accomplishment of his task. It was
certainly no light one and he has done
well one of the few things worth doing.
Dealing as this volume does, with capitalist production as a whole, it has a
greater variety of subject than, and
therefore is not quite so heavy reading as the other two volumes.
ber of Individuals who, while quite
keen on such measures as purport to
"curb the power of the monopolies" or
"alleviate the conditions of Labor", are
yet unprepared to swallow the principle of the expropriation of the expro-
praitors, with the result that there is
an eventual probabllty of this element
attaining the majority and diverting
the movement from its proper purpose,
that of overthrowing capitalism.
So that, with these two dangers In
view, lt becomes doubly essential that
a Socialist Party should be, before all
things, Socialist, and that its propaganda should be clear am! unequivocal,
thus rendering the movement alike Invulnerable to the attacks of the Anarchist and Immune to tho pollution of
Reform.
Another point that ran be adduced
against opportunist propaganda is Hint
actually It falls in the very purpose It
seeks to achieve. It alms to build up
the membership of the movement more
rapidly than can be done by purely
revolutionary propaganda. To achieve
that it is prepared to a certain
extent to sacrifice quality to
quantity. But, while it sacrifices
the quality all right, the quantity is never the less not forthcoming, for the reason that, while Its
reforms appeal to elements previously
mentioned, other elements are unmoved by them. To the rank and file
of the working class it promises at the
best but some measure of alleviation,
which the old parties are equally ready
to promise and seemingly more able
to obtain, and so they stay with the
old parties. On the oilier hand the revolutionary propaganda holds out to
them the hope of deliverance from
their eternal grind of toll and poverty,
and to it they rise much more readily
and, what Is more to the purpose, they
hold fast to it. While it requires but
the personal magnetism of some old
party leader, or promise of reform a
degree more plausible than those of
the constructive Socialist, and lo, (he
rank and file of the opportunist army
desert to the enemy, leaving the generals to bite their mustaches in vexation of spirit.
There is nothing gained by sacrific-
ng the future for the present, for
neither the future nor the present are
won thereby.
GENIUS OFFICIALLY  RECOGNIZED
A significant corollary to the Moyer-
Haywood trials has developed recently In the courts. Harry Orchard's evidence at the trial to the effect that he
tried to blow up Fred Bradley with
a bomb In San Francisco has been
officially branded as a perjury, and
the courts have ordered the San Francisco Gas & Electric Co. to pay $10.-
000 to Llnforth, ln whose house Brad,
ley was living at the time, for damages due to a gas explosion. Here at
least we have an exception to the
proverbial rule that prophets are afforded no recognition among their
own kith and kin.
THE ONLY COURSE.
ONE THING AND ANOTHER.
The way of the revolutionary move-1
ment Is beset with dangers. Not only
is the master class its open enemy,
but there are others more Insidious,
though even not always intentionally
so. On the one hand we have the anti-
political action element, loosely termed
Anarchlt; on the other hand the Parliamentarian, reformist or opportunist element. Between the two the revolutionary political movement has to
steer Ub course.
In Canada the danger from the Anarchist element Is not so great, and it
Is not likely to become greater so long
as we continue to hew to (he line of
uncompromising revolutionary politl-
cal anion, (ha( Is, action aiming al the
overthrow of class rule. For It Is when
a party becomes comiwomislng In Ks
ladles or opportunist In Its tendencies,
that It becomes the most vulnerable
to the attacks of the Anarchist, who
can trenchantly criticize the fatuity of
Parliamentarism and the futility of Re-
lorm, and, by. representing these as
political action, can win adherents to
what seem more vigorous and less vaccinal ing methods, But when the Party
takes an unequivocally revolutionary
attitude, the anarchist's recruiting
ground Is considerably restricted.
The danger from the opportunist element however lies in that its field is
a wider one than that of the straight
political revolutionist. His propositions appeal to the discontented of
high or low degree. What with specious palliatives, a school of economics
that emphasize the robbery of (he consumer, and a conception of the class
struggle that can be made lo include
every wage dispute that occurs, he
attracts small business and profeslo-n-
attracts small business and profeslon-
ists, while the presence of a more or
less revolutionary leaven gives such a
mavement some of Hint coherence for
Iacfk of which purely reform parties so
speedily die.
The danger of such a movement
lies in Its very popularity,- for it would
tend to recruit an ever-Increasing num-
making by reducing, the number, of.
workers so greatly as to cause the
remainder, on account of the scarcity
of "labor," to unfeeling refuse to work
except under disgracefully high pay,
as happened after the Black Death in
the middle ages. Therefore smallpox,
diphtheria, scai'let i'eve* and similar
virulently contagious diseases have
been brought under control, while tuberculosis still continues Its ravages
practically unchecked.
The Globe has also discovered, that
man is now free and says, "Surely a
free man is of more value than a slave.
The trouble Is that the care- of his
Tieuilh remains almost entirely with
Bitnself." The human animal trying
to rear a family on less than his employer spends on the care of his horse,
betrays a suicidal tendency to live in
slums, eat adulterated food, wear the
most miserable of clothing and work
himself to a state of exhaustion holding on to a job or looking for one, all
of which is exceedingly reprehensible
and plays the devil with his health.
Poverty and not wealth being his portion lie causes a great deal of worry
to many well-meaning folk by falling
a victim to "the white plague"—consumption. And yet with all this he is
"free." Free to leave his job if he
has one and hunt another, but his
"freedom" is limited to just that, and
no more. He must sell his labor-power
to some member of the capitalist class
in competition with his fellows, and
most of us know by experience what
that means.
• *      Si
Referring again to the "white
plague" the editor finishes his article
tliusly: "A community of slave owners would have wiped it out years ago,
but it continues almost disregarded in
an age of enlightened statesmanship.
How long is this disgrace to continue?"
Poverty is admitted to be the chief
cause of consumption and "this disgrace" will continue as long as poverty
continues and poverty can only be
abolished by the abolition of capitalism under which system the product
of the worker goes to the capitalist
class while the worker gets wages—
the price of his subsistence. How can
a man that must obtain permission to
work from the owners of the means of
wealth production to which he must
have access in order to live, and who
is compelled to deliver up the value he
produces to such owners, be called
free? He Is not free, he is a slave, a
wage-slave.
* *    *
It is a well-known fact that when
capital is being expended in the construction of new enterprises on any
large scale, times are "good;" work
is plentiful; the unemployed are reduced in number, especially in the
skilled trades; wages rise; the consumption of commodities by the working class Increases in volume, causing
a speeding up of the production of necessaries, house building, etc., and
profits are highly satisfactory and
credit is easily obtained for all sorts
of enterprises. When, however, the
newly created machinery begins to
turn a steady stream of commodities
into the market, sales begin to ease off
and we hear talk of a reaction to the
good times being inevitable and warnings from those In high places that lt
is time to be careful in speculative enterprises; but the stream of commodities still continues to pour forth from
capitalist establishments, old and new,
ind the market suddenly becomes glut-
Buyers are stocked up and the
Socialist Directory
mJmm Every local of the Socialist Party ol
Canada should run a card under this head.
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
DOMIHIOW EXECT/TXYB COMMHTBE,
Socialist Party of Canada. Meeta
every alternate Monday. D. O, McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
BBITXaS      COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G'. M'cKenrle, Secretary,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
ALBERTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province.
A. J.  Browning,  Sec,  Box   <l     Calgary, Alta,
MANITOBA      PROVINCIAL      ESECU-
tive Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, .lubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. Tne
Secretary will he pleased to furnish
any Information nnd answer any correspondence relutlve to the movement.
Secretary, H. tv, James, 326 Hargrave st
Winnipeg,   Man.
ONTARIO   PROVINCIAL    EXECUTIVE
Committee. Meets In Finnish Hall, 2H
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer,, W. Grihhle
134 Hogarth Ave.. Toronto;
P. C. Young, Secretary, <iao rape Ave.;
G. Colombo, Italian Org., 224 Chestnut St.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, NO.  1,  H. T. OP
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Kdgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
F. Perry. Secretary, Box S3S.
'The White Plague" is the subject
of an editorial In the Toronto Globe
of August 14th. The editor has made
one or two discoveries which he has
given to the world In the above-mentioned article.   He has discovered thai 'ted
under slavery, by which he means | manufacturer can sell only at a ruin-
chattel slavery, human beings werejoiisly low price. Prdfits fall very low-
property, and goes on to say that if <or disappear altogether, and with
slavery had continued it Is undoubted profits disappears the "confidence" of
that many of the problems that still the man with the money of getting it
await solution would have been solved back If he lends it out. He ceases to
long ago.    To quote: <!end  it  out  nnd  there  Is  a  "panic."
"Because hogs, sheep, horses, and .Factory after factory closes down, the
cows are property, Hie care of their owners being unable to sell Its
health has become Hie subject of much Products and unable to borrow money
excellent legislation. Destructive dls-|'° koe*' " running, throwing more
eases are stamped out promptly. Ban- lin<1 nl0,'e n,pn 0Ht of wor,t' The
Itary conditions of living are made Purchasing power of these men
compulsory, and the condition of anl- 'alls, lessening the demand for neces-
mals is rapidly becoming nil It 'should 1 «arles, throwing still more men out of
be, If human beings were still en-'work who must find purchasers for
slaved they would have profited equal!'heir labor-power. Wages fall and
ly with animals In the advance ot scl- time* are "bad."
ence.   Meetings of slave-owners would j *   *   *
now be considering papers on such, Wealth Invested In non-productive
questions as 'The Prevention of Croup ,enterprises cannot have Ihe above ef-
In Children,' and 'The Best Treatment feet. The building of a Dreadnought
for Stone Bruises,' because ' sueli' finds employment directly and indl-
scourges as tuberculosis would have, rectly for hundreds of men, and can-
been stamped out on account of their not, when completed, be made to pro-
deslructlveness to property. Those duce any commodity. As the capitalist
who were free would learn from the class has to pay for all the Dread-
treatment of their slaves how they noughts that are built, it is difficult to
should care for themselves, and would understand why such expenditures
be compelled by self-interest to look should rouse the Ire of any working-
after their health for fear of infecting man. At the present rate of going the
and destroying their property In this capitalist class will sooner or later
way the health of the world would bankrupt Itself in protecting its prop-
have been brought to nil ideal condi- erty and markets. Let the good work
tlon, for among civilized people prop- go on. As to the manning of the
erty is sacred." Dreadnoughts when built, that ls an-
lltinian beings, that is the working other story. It Is the duty of the So-
porlion of them, being no longer r.n ciallst to point out to the worker how
the same high level as hogs, sheep, he Is used at so much per to protect
horses and cows no care Is bestowed the property of his cowardly masters
on the condition of their health except and to show him that his Interests and
as thi Globe editor puts it, where u ours demand that we become pos-
man's ailments are recognized as an sessed of the means of wealth produc-
uctlve menace to the community Hon so that we may get all "we pro-
They are an active menace to the com- uuce and have lives worth living,
munily when they threaten to en- The Dreadnoughts can then go hang,
danger the health of the capitalist We are many, the enemy are few.
class or to Interfere with their profit ' SPARTACUS.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, B. 0„ NO. 45. FINNISH
—Meets every s-coml aad fourth Thursday in
the month at 151 Hastings St. W. Secretary,
Matt Martina.
LOCAL VICTORIA, NO.  3,  8. T. OP O.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre.
as   Mclndoe, Secy.    Room  I,  1319 Government St.
LOCAL BOULAND, Ho. 35, S. P. OP C.
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday at
f.*t> p. m. A. McLeod, Secy., p o
Bo* JW*. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in ('Inlanders' Hall. Sundays at
7:3* o. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P o. Box
766 Rossland, B. C. ■
LOCAL PORT XOOBT,  B.   0„   NO.   41,
5;,^" of, a—Bua'nesH meetings first
Sunday in each month. J. v. Hull
Secretary. Port Moody, B. C.
LOCAL PRINCE RUPERT, 11  e  -Meets every
Sunday nt 8 p. m., on the street corners and
various halls. J  B. King, Sec
LOCAL LADYSMITH HO.  10,  8. P. OP
O. Business meetings every Saturday
I p.m. in headquarters on First Ave
Parker, Williams, Sec, Ladysmith, B. C
LOCAL BERLIN, ONT., NO 4. S. P. OP C-
inceta every second and fourth Weduraday
evening, at It p.m., 55 King st, east opposite
Market Hotel. II. Martin, Secy. 61 Weber St
east.
LOCAL NELSON,  S.  P. OF C,  MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Orgnnizer; I. A. Austin, Secy.
LOCAL PHOENIX,  NO. 8, S. P.  OP O.,
meets every Sunday at S;3u p.m., in
Miners' Hall. Mntt Hallldny, Organizer
H. K. Mneiunis, Secy.
LOCAL OALOART, ALTA., NO. 4, B. P.
of 0. .Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. In the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Klghth Ave. ii (near postollice). Club
and Reudlng Room, McTuvish Block.
817 Second St. E. Opposite Iniperlnl Ho el
Freds, l-nulkncr, Org., Box 047; J, Gihbs
Secy., Bex 647.
LOCAL BELLEVUE, ALTA., HO. 13, S.
P of C., meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO.  3,  8. P.  Ot  C,
meets every alternnti- Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clockl
Jack  Place,  Rec.  Secy.,   Box  826.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   S.   P.   of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall. Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting llrst Sunday in each
month, same place at 2:30 p in. J.
Lancaster,  Sec.. Box  164.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     HO.     t.
Meets every Sunday night ln tbe
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith. Secy.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.,  HO.  1, ft,
P. of c. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.m., In Trades and Labor Hall,
Fourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Hunthach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarria,
Organizer, 023 Second St.
LOCAL GREENWOOD  HO. 9,  S. P. OP
C„ meets every Sundny in Miners'
Union Hull at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
Tern.
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, HO. 38, S. P. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
ln Tlmmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
LOCAL SEVELSTOXE, B. C, NO. 7, 8.
P. of C. Propaganda and . business
meetings at 8 p. m.. the fourth Thursday of each month ln lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayman.
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
LOCAL WINNIPEG, 8. P. OP C. HEAD-
quarters Klonrlyke Block, curner of Pacific
and   King Business   meeting   every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummlngs, Organ*
izer.
Jas.   W.   Amer,   Secretary, 336 Maryland..-
street.
LOCAL TORONTO,  8. P. OP C ENO.
llsh    Branch. Business     meetings
first nnd third Wednesdays of
ench month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide.
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate-
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth-.
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St.,
Speakers supplied on shortest notice to
Ontario? Locals. Corresponding Sec, A..
Lyon, 134 Hogarth Ave.
LOCAL   COBALT,   HO.   9,   8.   P.   OP   a
Propaganda and business meeting*,
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hall. . Everybody Invited to attend.-
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MONTREAL,   QUE.,   HO.   1,   ft).
P. of C—Meets in Labor Hall, Sti
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p, m.
Heaequarterfl No. 1 St. eharles Borromee st-
Otto Jalin Secretnay, 528 Chausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Columbia
Executive Board Member
Wm. Davidson, Sando*
DISTRICT  ASSOCIATION   NO. 6.
President
Vice-President
Secretary-Treasurer
Jno. A. McKinnon, RosatanA
Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
No.
Name
Meeting
Night
Sec'y.
r O.
Box
Add.
194
Camborne  ....
Grand Forks..
Greenwood   ...
Hedley   	
Kimberly   ....
Marysvllle
M. & S. U.
Wed
Wed
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Mon
Wed
Patrick O'Connor	
12
M
124
42
391
O
12
Camborne
Grand  Forks
Greenwood
Hedley
22
Geo.   Heatherton..
T.  H.  Rotherham.
H. T. Rain.bow	
69
100
119
227
Mike McAndrews..
Joe Armstrong	
Fred Mellette	
Kaslo
Kimberly
Ferguson
Marysvllle
Moyl«
Malcolm  McNeill..
35
106
294
421
K
85
90
888
377
506
F. Phillips	
W. A. Plckard	
8
R.   Sllverthorn	
J. A. McKinnon,..
38
Rossland   ....
Trail M & M..
A.   Shilland	
Fred   Liebscher...
D.  B.  O'Nealll	
T. T. Rutherford..
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.   B.  Mclsaac...
95
62
113
105
85
Robert Malroy....
Blair Carter	
Q.  B. Mcintosh...
Sllverton
Slooan City
Van Anda
Ymir
NEW SOCIALIST GAME
"The Class Struggle" vz'J^f^tTS'a
MfllW |..t the in ilAnini)M«l>l| ttttnltiii.
CHAKLES H. Kl-:RIl & 00., 133 Klntle Btmt, Chicago, lit
TYOLAISET CANADASSA
Joa   tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin cdietykseata Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
"Tyokansa"
Box 197, Port Arthur, Out.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Makiaa ainooitaan, $1.50 vuoiikerta
"Vakalnka" Makiaa, $1.25
Photographs
Large Photos of Looal Vancouver's Picnic at 7Sc, from Headquarters. H. Norman, P.O. Box 836.
C. PETERS *---
Haud-Msde Bouts ami   Shoes to order lu
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly dotie.    stock  or staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
2456 Weitnlntter Ave.
ATENTS
PROMPTLY SECUREDl
,7e solid, the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts- Prelimlnaryadvice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor*! Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marian, New York I«ife Uldg,
Montreal; find Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
JOHN HARRINGTON
National Theatre
Formerly the Cameraphone
58 HASTINGS ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C. m™mmmmm
SATURDAY AUGUST 28th, 1909.
THE   WESTERN  CLARION.   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
THREK
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE.
EGOS  OF A  LOCAL
Meeting held  Aug. 16th.    Present
Hyatt,   McDonald,   Fradkln,  and   the
Secretary.
Communications dealt with from In-
nlsfail, Coleman, Waskasoo, Eckville,
Canmore.
Receipts:
Canmore  $ 6.00
Eckville      15.00
Coleman       4.00
Calgary (Ukranlan)        2.00
Innlsfail     15.00
Waskasoo      1.00
Total
Expenses:
Dom. Executive
$43.00
20.00
ONTARIO  PROVINCIAL
EXECUTIVE.
Regular Meeting Aug.  12th,  09.
Present: Comrades Green, Lindallt
and Secretary Young. Comrade Gree
chairman. Minutes of last reguk
meeting read and approved.
Communication from Dom. Secty.
Cottons Weekly, Com. Deo, of Alymer
and Com. Plerson of Fort William and
Locals Port Arthur, English, Finnish
and Lettish, Colbalt English and Fin-
nish, Toronto English and Finnish, Ber
lin, Hamilton, Brantford, and Ottawa
were dealt with.
On motion, Charter was granted to
Alymer, Ont. From reports received
from different Locals and Branches
ln the Province and the proposition to
Referendum for Dominion is lost, and
on motion, this Executive cast its vote
accordingly.
The following bill was ordered paid:
To Com. Green for organizing in
Berlin and Woodstock $15.20; Postage
stamps and offlce supplies $2.00; total
$17.20.
Receipts:
Alymer Charter  Fee   $5.50
Hamilton refund, Gribble trip  1.50
Port Arthur, Eng., Due Stamps and
Cards     2.50
P. C. YOUNG.
KAMLOOPS   RESOLUTION.
Dear Comrade:
The following resolution was passed
unanimously by the members ot oui
Local on August 17> 1909:
Whereas, the call for a Dominion
convention on the part of Pon Artlii.'
Finnish Local is urged with a view
to revising the Party Platform:  and,
Whereas, the present platform sets
forth in clear and terse language the
need of a working class politlcnl and
social revolution, and provides also
the way for the proper organization to
accomplish this purpose; and,
Whereas, the funds required for
such a convention can be better employed In furthering the Party propaganda on present lines.
Therefore, Resolved, That Local
Kamloops, B. C, No. 50, K> regular
meeting assembled, disaproves of such
proposed convention.
And Be It Further Resolved, That
we view with disfavor the action of
the Executive in submitting such
proposition from Port Arthur Finnish
Local without It having first received
the endorsement of their own Provincial Executive.
(Signed   CLAUDE   F.   ORCHARD,
Secretary.
R. WINTERHALDER,
Chairman.
WINNIPEG  RESOLUTION.
Moved and Seconded, that the following resolution be forwarded to The
Dominion Executive, S. P. of C.
That this Local endorses ln its entirety, the finding of The Dominion Executive re the question of affiliation
with the International Socialist Bureau;
And further, in case of any attempt
to alter the straight revolutionary platform of The Canadian Socialist Party,
or any attempt being made to Identify
the Party with any Reform Party
thereby nullifying the principles of the
platform: That this Local trusts that
the Dominion Executive will continue
its preaent policy, and take steps to
purge »the party from the blighting
curse of palliation and reform which
at best can only prolong the miserable
conditions of the Working Class.
My memory goes back to the time
when I strode into a Local barracoon,
and for the first time, insinuated the
physical expression of my weary ego
into a vacant chair ln the select, Intellectually elite cyclical sanctum.
Here was an aquatic son-of-rest eloquently advocating the study of his
"Easy (verbal) outline of the law of
least resistance." There was one ln
the Economic maelstrom, actively
chasing the elusive relative and equivalent values, and tripping over the
mounds of concrete and abstract values. Here was a muscular peon who
had tired himself in the whirling eddies of the industrial vortex, and whose
objurgations anent the "system," may
not, even by diligent search, be found
in the sphere of parliamentary epigrams. A disciple of Auguste Comte,
propounded the Positive Philosophy;
and Romeo discoursed eloquently on
Eugenics; which caused a Therapeutic raember to metaphorically poke his
elongated proboscis into a discourse
on the Synthetic Philosophy.
Here was a Nietzschean explainging
to an anti-selfish member the difference between the petty thief and the
burglar, and the distinction between
Selfishness and Egoism. Opposite sat
the superman who had scaled the precipitous heights of Parnassus, and j
wooed the elusive Psyche; and here
his flighty peer whose exquisite delight
was in "the millions and millions of
stars that dot the firmament in the
night time." And yet another, who had
Economics reduced to a fine art, with
digital revolutions round the second
button of a Comrade's waistcoat, was
with mathematical precision, explaining the outcome of his meditations on
the equivocal Theory of Value.
There was a clean-cut Revolutionist
declaiming vehemently against the re-
alcitrant municipal campaigners; here
on the other hand a dilettante litera-
teur with appreciable Gibertian satire
applying the Differential Calcuius to
Liberal and Conservative politicians;
and the group had completion ln a
veritable cognoscenti talking Eudae-
monlsm; and a Sartorial Comrade
showing clearly that "the more he
worked, the more he lost."
Breathing was difficult In this Empyrean atmosphere, and on the way out
I found an evolved Cockney quoting
Burns with a brave attempt at idiom,
and a man from Fife quoting Confu-
cious in down to date Chinook.
And all the time I had not heard,
anyone say, "we are the people, wisdom shall die with us."
"WAFFY."
I would like to see or hear of any
harm his address did.
It may be that objection is taken because it was Sunday. I have heard
lots of preachers preach poorer religion than this man talked.
It is regretable, deplarably so, that | time the wage-earner shall place him-
a prophet Is not included among the
executive officers of the Party so that
the progress of the movement could
be accurately determined ln advance,
]and   infallible   assurances   could   be
The working men of our country are
quite able to work. Is that the only
privilege they have. If bo—well I won't
say what I think, you wouldn't print
lt.
I am not defending any other man's
creed. I have a cresd of my own. It is
that men are more valuable than mon.
ey and It ls because of a belief in
that principle that I speak In favor of
those who are disinterestedly working
in the interests of mankind.
Yours truly,
W. D. COWAN.
Reglna, Aug. 15. 1909.
THAT FINNISH PAMPHLET.
O'BRIEN'S SPEECH.
Editor The Standard: —
Sir,—This evening a Mr. O'Brien a
member of one of the Canadian Provincial parliaments was arrested by our
city police. The particular offence was
addressing an audience of workingmen
on South Railway street. As he chose
a place directly opposite my office I
had an opportunity of seeing and hearing the whole affair.
The police may have been right; probably the law requires them to do It.
If so, I for one protest against the law.
The working men of this country
have little enough without taking from
them the right to hear their own con.
dltlon and position discussed.
We are all willing to profit by the
presence and labor of the working-
man, surely In return for what they do
for us we oughl to accord them the
right of trying to Improve (heir own
condition. How can this be accomplished without, discussion? Why
should discussion he prevented.
I listened to the gentleman In question from my office window for probably three quarters of an hour. Mc
said nothing offensive; was purely
argumentative and ln such cases
I hold that the man should be encouraged Instead of otherwise, we pay
preachers and teachers to enlighten.
Was this man's offence that he was
preaching and teaching nothing? Now
Is it much of a crime to gather three
or four hundred men and women together on a street In the interests of
enlightenment.
I would like to meet the man or woman who was Injured or Insulted by
the address that I heard delivered.      i
INFORMATION WANTED
Will any of the readers of this paper acquainted with the circumstances attending the death of Frank Crawford or Mougin, at or near
Kamloops, B. C, on or about June 18th or 19th, communicate with
this office. He is supposed by his friends to have been employed as a
logger or river driver by the Earle Arrow Lake Lumber Co. (the name
may be incorrect). His familj' has received no details, nothing but a
telegraphic despatch stating that he was drowned. Those possessing
any knowledge of the sad occurrence would confer a favor on the bereaved family by complying with the above request. Write Western.
Clarion, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
The Socialist Party of Canada has,
in no manner that I am acquainted
with, and I have been connected with it
since its beginning, given any reason for the "Impression that it does not
approve of the tactics of the International Soclaldemocratism." It has
been content to outline its own programme and to adopt the tactics that
seemed best suited to advance the interests of that portion of the working
class In its particular jurisdiction. It
holds Its alignment in the battle front
of the world's revolutionary political
army. It has its own discipline to
which its members and its affiliated
bodies are amenable. And when the
minority in the Ontario Provincial
Convention attempted to change the
platform they were contravening its
laws, and risking the provincial charter together with those of the different
Locals in Ontario; they did not act in
the spirit of democracy by trying to
do that which a Dominion convention
was alone capable of effecting, but
were carried away by a rather exaggerated Idea of their own importance.
Indeed, one Finn, who, if I recollect
rightly, was a fraternal delegate from
Michigan, or recently connected with
the Socialist Party of the United
States, threatened to withdraw the
whole Finnish membership from the
S. P. of C. unless their demands, i.e.,
palliative measures, were incorporated
lu the platform. It was made plain to
him that they could not hold their
numbers as a club over the organization, nor would it be intimidated by
threats such as he had just made. And
by the way, would It not be pertinent
here to remind the Finnish comrades
of the rank and file to study the labor
question for themselves instead of accepting unquestioningly the statements
of "the leading men" among them
The idea of any man speaking with
unwavering conviction of his ability to
withdraw several hundred from an organization suggests not democracy
but autocracy. That threat was the
howl of a defeated conspiracy.
The Finnish comrades seem to be
much more conversant with the Socialist parlies of other countries, their
efforts and successes, than they are
with that of the country in which they
now reside, \viien they expatiate in
the strain that "all smaller or larger
political rights which the workers, as
a working class get, Is a part of the
social revolution" it is the height of
presumption to criticize without knowledge. Why should It be necessary to
call the attention of these comrades to
the activity of those party members
who represent constituencies In the
British Columbia parliament? The
smeltermen and miners of that province have received assurances at
the Party's hands that everything possible to better their condition was ils
concern; the eight-hour bank to bank
bill, and eight-hour smelter bill were
both the result of Socialist efforts, but
they were concessions from the capitalist class due to the growth of revolutionary sentiment In the Pacific province.
The general eight-hour day, bill
granting franchise to women, the bl-
moiuhly pay day, Ihe workmen's compensation, amendment to Factories
Act regarding female employees,
measures for public works to relieve
unemployment, the settlers' rights act,
bill to secure union treasuries, reduction of election deposits.
For all of these the Socialist Party
representatives stood sponsor, and
fought zealously and persistently.
Some were secured, others were killed.
But at each recurring session they
were again found on the order paper
before the closing of the parliament.
The quotation from Marx on page 13
of the pamphlet Is very worthily descriptive of the Socialist Party's attitude In Western Canada, where "parlor Socialists" from Ihe smelters, mills,
mines and factories are so numerous,
anil where "proletarians" of the shop-
keeping, professional and intellectual
stripe are an unknown quantity.
"The platform of the Canadian Socialist Party Is a stranger to the International Social democratism In respect lhat it does not contain anything
about the social revolution but the
principles which concern the last acts
and which are expressed In the following words: "The transformation of
capitalistic property Into collective
working class property." In this nothing is said in regard to how this
change wll be carried out In practice."
given to every inquirer as to times, nature and manner of the various
"steps" in the transition from capitalism to Socialism. (Try an ad. in Tyokansa for a volunteer). If one-half the
energy that has been expended In endeavoring to explain how Socialism
will be brought into being, how the
people will live, and work, and enjoy themselves In the Socialist state,
were put into the duty that lay at
hand, I have little doubt that the results would be much more encouraging
than they are at present. And just so
long as a large percentage of Socialist
teachers (?) indulge in speculation
to the neglect of material facts, just
that long will there be cause for uneasiness and reason for regret.
The mission of tbe Canadian Socialist Party is solely the building up of
a national revolutionary sentiment to
overthrow the present form of ownership from which flows the stream of
affilictions that overwhelms the working class. This necessarily involves
designs on the state which is the bulwark of the ownership. As long as
the capitalist state survives, the burdens of the working class cannot diminish appreciably. This being so,
the one objective of the workers is the
destruction of the capitalist state and
and the removal of the capitalist character from the machinery of production. To educate them to this is the
task of the Socialist Party, the excuse
for its being, Its inspiration to labor;
that achievement, the measure of its
success, the fulfillment of its destiny,
and Its withdrawal from the stage.
In its progress the Socialist Party of
Canada has not, up to the present, anyhow, neglected to take advantage of
every circumstance, political or economic, that enabled it to throw light
on the capitalist state and reveal Its
true nature In relation to the work-
ingclass. It has pushed its propaganda to enroll under its banner as
much of the Dominion-wide discontent
as it could influence, that it might influence that it might intelligently direct it on the road to success. It has
been accused of narrowness; it has
confined itself to its duty. Its meagre
growth has been referred to in terms
of reproach; it has thriven wholesomely and It has not craved anything that
might occasion a vomit. In what, It Is
relevant to ask, has lt been neglectful? Where has It erred? Its critics
answer: In that ■ it neglects "the
crumbs." But that would not be true
as it has more "crumbs" to its credit
than even these same critics enumerated as desirable. But "It does not stop
to admire them," it presses on for the
more substantial dish—the capitalist
turkey. In that it has no "immediate
demands." Well, let us consider the
suggestions in this regard and see
what bearing they have on the question that the workingclass must solve.
And In this connection let me remark
that they are found In the United
States Socialist Party, and we can Infer, in some other Socialist platforms.
(1) Why the Socialist Party should
delude the workers Into believing that
works of the character described in
the first of the general demands will
be undertaken unless "beneficial" to
the employing class ls beyond me. If
they were undertaken even in the spirit suggested it would be only a temporary makeshift that would leave untouched the fringe of the problem.
The idea of legislating wages is absurd in the face of the competition
among the workers. Then the other
feature of reclaiming waste lands
would mean the intensification of agricultural competition, and I recognize the farmer as a member of the
working class.
(2.) General demand number two,
"That the government shall loan
money lo provinces und municipalities
tor the purpose of carrying on public
work for the purpose of attaining for
the municipality, such Institutions us
lighting plants, telephone lines and
means of transport .don," docs not interest the workers oven a little bit. It
may be of Interest to the petit bourgeois, but the workers have no concern in the matter.
(3.) Number three shows up as an
attractive vote catcher. Why should
the government discriminate in favor
of Individuals and co-operative concerns, anyway, in the matter of
leases? What is a trust but a co-operative company? If It is desirable to
retain ownership why not operate the
mines from the beginning? The "campaign of scandal" was to some degree
a matter of "leases lo individuals."
When we feel we want the railroads
sufficiently bad wc will find a way of
acquiring them, instead of passing a
law that after dellnile time we shall
nwo them The capitalists will not discourage activity by such raw enactments as per general demand No. 8,
and when we have seized power we
will waste no time on them.      ,
(4) We have absol • freedom of the
prees, speech and assemblage now as
long as such do not, in ih ir opinion,
endanger the sway of the ruling class.
(5.) (a) and (b) or the Industrial
demands, I.e.,  the shortening of the
self under the process of exploitation,
the party Is committed to. (See platform.) To place It as a separate demand Is to give it an Importance that
does net belong rightfully to it. If
every slave over or under the ground
throughout the Dominion had an
eight-hour day and 1<4 days off every
week, we would not tee any nearer a
solution of the problem we must solve.
Let us stick to the problem.
' (c) This legislation re child labor
would not fit into the propaganda except to the detriment of the real education of the workers. While It is desirable and the Party representatives
fight for it, its passage would be no
security that the evil was abolished.
The family need, as well as the profit-
hunger of the employer, would effect
its evasion. But why not 18 Instead of
16 years to be Immune from the capitalist treadmill.
(d) "By forbidding the Interpro-
vlnclal and lnter-munlclpality transportation of the products of child labor, of convict labor and of all uninspected factories." Would like particulars as to how this could be managed.
(e) On whom would the Insurance
be compulsory, the employer or the
employee? This would be Important
In deciding the merits of this particular idea.
Political Demands.
(6.) As the working class has no
interest in the tax question this stands
exposed as a bourgeois measure, and
unworthy a place in the platform.
(7.) It might begin to "progress"
too low. No bearing on the working
class problem ln a progressive Income
tax.
(8) "The Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct al the public affairs
placed in its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the
working class alone." That covers the
suffrage question.
(9.) The Party favors the Initiative and referendum for its own law-,
making, and it is consistent.
(10.) We were not aware that justice was being administered. When
we have assurances that it is on tap in
a capitalist court there might be sufficient inducement to see that it is dispensed free.
The Knights of Labor illustration
serves only to remind us that an organization which places itself in the
way of natural forces will be crushed.
It did not reflect the material needs of
a class, thrived for a time on sentiment, and died a natural death.
The Socialist Party of Canada, too,
might employ many devices to appeal
to the farmers on the one hand, and
the farm employees on the other; to
the small manufacturer and to the employees whom he is forced to grind.
But regard for the safety of Its cause
compels it to speak plainly to the
working class alone.
We are cautioned on page 29 that
"ln order to make the Socialist Party
a powerful national fighting organization more notice must be given to efforts of unionists, and other members of the working class."
For the Information of the comrades,
let me state that In Western Canada
where unionism ls strongly entrenched the position of the party is impregnable. That in Alberta as well as
ln British Columbia the provincial conventions of trades unionists have set
the seal of their approval as well on
the platform as on the Party Itself.
That this was gained by no truckling
or connivance but by a plain telling
of that truth that shook fakerlsm to
its center, and wrecked "promising"
(In more ihan one sense) organizations such as the P. P. P. and I. L, P.
That the organization In Ontario has
not done equally well Is due to the
fact that perhaps they have not rightly settled what ls I lie truth among
themselves.
If we would take Into acoount that
we must run counter In established
Ideas and prejudices which are supported by the whole weight of the Influence that Ihe capitalist class can
bring to their aid, we would be gratified by making progress slowly. The
religious and educational Institutions
and the press are arrayed against us
and in spite ol all wc forge ahead.
Wm. English Walling once said to me,
"The   revolutionist   can   afford   to   be
patient."   it is true. I
The anxiety of our Finnish friends i
JVere and Tfow
By "LEEDS"
These be stiaring times. From far-
off Sweden to) our own shores the
workers are being mercilessly clubbed
into submission. The capitalist class
are laying the lash bo vigorously upon
the slaves' back that lt is hard to tor-
tell what a day may bring forth. There
Is a splendid opportunity Just now tor
every Socialist Local to direct this
growing discontent amongst the working class along the correct fie it must
take. The fact must be hammered
into the hard heads of the workers
that the state must be conquered—
they must gain control of the law-making power. A man who cannot be
trusted to mark his ballot correctly
cannot be relied on to express himself
correctly ln any other line of action.
It is up to every Socialist therefore to
push the circulation of the Clarion.
Its power tor good ls Increased with
every new subscriber. Its circulation
can be doubled in a few weeks if every reader will send ln a new one.
Just one from each reader. Will you
do so, or are you satisfied to see the
agony prolonged.
* * *
Comrade O'Brien's letter in this Issue should be widely circulated In order to counteract as much as possible
the lying reports and dirty Insinuations that were sent broadcast from
Reglna and which the capitalist press
ln their hatred of labor were only too
willing to print. ■*.,,..
* »   • -->»:-v|iij\
A stunt by Comrade Clem Stubles,
Bellevue, Alta., results in two yearlles.
Comrade T. E. Drake, Bellevue,
Alta., renews his sub and adds a new
one to the list and Comrade H. Gray,
Toronto, does the same.
*   *   *
Comrade Lome Cunningham's regular order for a bundle arrives. He
says the Guelph boys dispose of the
Clarions by selling them at their open-
air meetings on Saturday evenings and
at their last meeting succeeded in
selling all they had, which Is a good
sign of progress.
* •   •
Another  pair   from   the   'Peg  this
week, per Comrade W. H. Stebblngs.
If you have never sent In a new
to pad the membership rolls with the
unconscious as well as t lie class conscious Is certainly a lame bid for approval. To Invite them into the party
to take part in its councils ami shape
Its course, is not to try democracy bin
to Invite disaster. Once and for all
those who do not know the labor problem cannot guide the workingclass.
The unconscious even were they
honest are unable to say what Is and
what Is not n correct line of action.
The platform of Hie .Socialist Party
of Canada Is a complete summary of
the workers condition—wage slavery;
a complete program—Its abolition. To
alier it would be to Impair it, stultify
Ihe Party and mislead the workers.
The logic and the vigor that won so
large a place In the westernmost provinces will not be exhausted until the
Dominion Is ours. On i" victory,
THE RAMBLBR.
Chicago, III.
sub yet, now Is the time to begin.
The following comrades are credited
with one each this week: H. Norman, Vancouver, B. C; A. Hall, Thunder Bay, B. C; John R. Flynn, Britannia Beach, B. C; S. Kuner, Saskatoon, Sask.; Jas. Godin, Cranbrook,
B. C; J. Johnson, Saskatoon, Sask.,
.Mary M, Ingram, Phoenix, B. C; L.
Goodwin, Vernon, B. C; Jack Place,
Nanalmo, B. C; C. M. O'Brien, M.P.P.,
Reglna, Sask.; J. S. Gibbs, Calgary,
Alta.; A. Nicholson, Brlttania Beach,
B. C; J. V. Hall, Port Moody, B. C;
F. Perry, Vancouver, B. C.: W. E. Dur-
rast, Port Arthur, Ont.
• •   «
If you have your name on the voters'
list, ask your fellow-worker about his
and tell him how he can take the first
step towards expressing his opinion
where lt will be respected.
In spite of those strong resolutions,
Magistrate Williams still holds his
jub. You cannot undo by resolutions
what you did when you voted your
master's ticket. Try putting your
wishes on your ballot paper next time
for a change, and see 'em jump.
• •   •
General strikes are evidently more
disastrous to the workingclass than
the usual kind. Am only about one-
third an Irishman, but It strikes me
that ihe success of the general strike
In Sweden was the cause of Its failure.
The workers starved themselves Into
submission In a few days. What about
having a try at the hallo1 box next
time.
• • •
H' you receive this paper free or If
Il has been given to you by a friend, It
Is an invllailon in you lo read It mid
learn what It has to say by becoming
a subscriber.
Locals of li. f'.. an election Is drawing near. Oct ready lo attack capital
at lis weakest point—the ballot. How
ls your election deposit?
•     •     a
Truly, the way of the reformer Is
hard, lu one of the numerous planks
In its platform the Socialist Party of
Washington declares for the abolition
of the injunction; recently It has found
Itself under the painful necessity of
obtaining an injunction against Ils ex-
Secret ary-Trensurcr!
• *    •
II. 11. B., Dauphin, .Man.—Your sub
received. The one cent per copy per
Issue refers to bundles to one address
only. If you cannot distribute them
yourself, would suggest that you donate them to some Local, where they
would be disposed of to the beal advantage.
SOCIALIST SCHOOL TEACHERS.
IT there are nny llcils among the
rural teachers In Canada, they should
send In their twines and classes of
certificate to the Dominion Secretary,
Box  831',, Vancouver, B.  C. POUR
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
From Overseas
SATURDAY AUGUST 28th,  1903.
Leaving the classic environments of
Edinburgh the journey of 43 miles to
Glasgow was covered in less than an
hour, the greater part of it being made
through a country that fairly bristled
with fine looking farms. Indeed the
Scottish Lowlands are one of the most
favored spots In the Drittlsh Isles as
far as agriculture In concerned for,
from the hardy vegetables like potatoes and Sabbages down to delicate
fruits and Tierrks, all do well despite
the cool and   moist climate.
On nearlng Glasgow one of the most
noticeable things was the cleanness of
the atmosphere for, despit its immense manufacturing industries the sky
around about Glasgow does not present
that smoky, murky appearance which
is so characteristic of nearly all other
large industrial centres. The "second
city of the United Kingdom" presents a
a neat and attractive apperance to
those entering It and the traveller
seems to feel at home Immediately.
For business and hustle, this city is
well up In the front ranks, and yet the
thing Is not overdone and the mercantile life of the city seems to have
assumed a happy medium, somewhere
between the frantic hustle of the
Yankee and the more conservative
.ways of the English.
i, Built 6n the banks of the Clyde,
a stream which was once insignificant
in propoortlons but is now grown to
be a mighty river capable of floating
the largest ocean going vessel, Glasgow stands out as a mighty monument
to the Inventive and creative genius of
the brain and brawn of the worker,
alongside Of which the works of the
ancient Phoecians and Romans look
sbtall. No doubt the steam engine
and subsequent invention have taken
a prominent part ln the upbuilding of
this city's greatness, but as many of
these are the result of brains fed by
Scottish oats, all the more credit are
fleets thereby on the people north of
the Tweed. Here everything seems
to be done with a vigor and seriousness that is refreshing, and, from the
launching of a gigantic ocean liner
down to the singing of one of Harry
Lauder's latest comls song, this earnestness, this determination can be
noticed everywhere.
Glasgow certainly stands amongst the
foremost cities in the Empire in the
adoption of municipal trading and it
has worked out some of the most
difficult problems along these lines
with remarkable success. That is,
from the Capitalist point of view it Is
a success, because it provides an ever
increasing Income to the city, thereby
lowering rates and cheapening several commodities such as gas, water and
electricity, while from a humanitarian
point of view it is a success because
it pays better wages and prolongs life
and health.
.Were the workerB prepared to take
over all the means of production and
distribution, the time would be most
opportune now as times are chronically bad, especially in and about Glasgow, where unemployment is as high
as 20 per cent. At present, however,
the great mass of workers still prefer
to be slowly starved to death or to
be emigrated to the colonies than to
be well fed, well clothed and well
housed at home and as long as such
a preference is made on election
day, the workman who is satisfied
with his rags, crusts and hovel cannot possibly complain.
JuBt now the shipbuilding industry
on the Clyde is in a bad state, and a
trip by boat down the river indicates
only too plainly the great depression
in trade. On both banks one sees idle
stocks and yards which used to be
crowded ln former years with ships
waiting to be built or repaired. Now
all is changed and each desolate shipyard signifies the hunderds, yes, thousands of workers who must suffer and
starve until the capitalist owners can
again   make   a   profit  out   of   them.
On the Btreets" the unemployed are
in evidence everywhere searching tor
work at al times of the day and some
of the sights are very pitiful to behold. Their despoilers, however, give
them little sympathy and one "kind"
(?) old capitalist seemed to well represent the views of his class when he
said that "idle men are dangerous to
the community and as a guarantee
to law and order all the unemployed
should be put in jail and made to
earn their "keep" until times got bet.
ter!"' Such remarks, however, only
point to the signs of the times and
there is no doubt a growing spirit of
unrest which frequently gives rise to
little riots and tumults. Just now
moist of these disturbances take the
form of religious differences, but the
economic basis can be plainly seen at
the Bottom of tbem all. It ls not unlikely that these will grow, as they
seem to be doing now, and the curse
of bigotry and fanaticism may again
be used to aid the capitalists in keeping the working class in subjection a
little while lon^r. A trick like this
Is usually sprung upon the workerB
just as they are about ready to act
together, and so far It has usually
been successful.    Just how far mat
ters will go in this direction in and
about Glasgow Is hard to say, but It
is already evident that some ol' the
worke.", arc already beginning to see
through the game and are refusing to
take any further part in the religious
riots.
From what can be gathered at present, Glasgow seems to be ln a more
rapid state of evolution than many
towns of similar make-up and with its
valuable lessons nearly half learned,
there seems to be every prospect of
more rapid strides toward the workers' final goal than even heretofore.
Yours tor the Revolt,
ROBT. E. SCOTT.
THE  SOCIALIST  PROPAGANDA
THE ARGENTINE REPUBLIC.
IN
About the middle of the last year
the Argentine National Secretary issued a circular to the various locals
asking for Information anent their libraries, date of establishment, number
of volumes on hand and the classifi.
cations of the same.
Judging by the returns received the
Socialist Party can safely estimate the
number of books owned by the different locals as close upon 20,000, which
are made up of works in the following
order of importance: Sociology, literature (largely fiction), geography, history, travel, legislation, statistical, etc
In addition to these a large number of
Small propaganda pamphlets.
One of the principal libraries of the
Socialist Party belongs to Junion Local
(Province of Buenos Aires) which
owes its existence to a patient and
enthusiastic group of determined comrades. This library is established on
such a scope that not only is it patronized by the members of the Party and
the different unions that have their
meeting place there, but the general
public also takes advantage of It.
There are already over 4,000 books
upon its shelves, and as its membership is being constantly added to and
more funds forthcoming tor the purchase of additional literature, it is
only a question of time when the
number will be doubled.
Another excellent library is that of
Fourth Section Local (Boca) which, although not so large as the one at
Junion, nevertheless boasts of a well
selected quantity of books. The following Locals also are collecting the
necessary material for the formation
of libraries and some have already
passed the elementary stage. Locals
3, 6, 14, 20, 9, 16 and 18 of the Capital
and Pergamlno, Hosarlo, Cordoba, San
Nicolas Bahia Blanca, Tucuman, Mar
del Plata, etc., In the interior of the
republic.
The Workers' Library, formed and
supported by a crowd of militant Socialists is more important than even
that of Junion, as great care has been
Shown in the selection of the works.
This is located ln Calle Mejlco. The
quarterly fee Is $1.00, which enables
one to take books home for perusal.
Phillip Millet, a delegate from the University of Paris, who is making a tour
through the republic for the purpose
of studying the organization and industrial movement of the Argentine
workers, upon visiting the Workers'
Library, said that there are but few
organizations either political or Industrial In Paris or for that matter in
any other town In France that possess
such a varied and well ordered library.
The various libraries do not keep detailed accounts of their readers nor
the'number of books consulted, hence
It is not possible to quote exact figures. However, some of the comrades
who look after the city libraries say
the novel has the most devotees, and
the favorite writer Is, without doubt,
Emlle Zola. All the libraries possess
the heavier works on Socialism, but
owing to tbe meagre education of our
state primary schools, they are too
abstruse for the rank and file, hence
are not much read. The city (Buenos
Aires) comrades also have the advantage of both the city and the national
libraries, but it is in the country towns
where it is really a pleasant sight to
observe the field laborers fingering an
atlas, consulting a dictionary, reading
a newspaper or learning to spell under
the guidance of a better educated comrade.
In some of tbe country locals there
are many of its most active members
who were not able to read or write
when they joined the Party; this
knowledge they acquired through/the
Instrumentality of the newspaper and
the printed book under the tutelage
of capable instructors. Not only are
tbey constantly studying tbe philosophy of Socialism but they in turn aw;
Instructing others to emerge from the
ranks of Illiteracy. The best propaganda material Is clear-cut literature.
Yet, to understand these, It is of
course, Imperative that one knows
how to read.
It is the workingman who can read
and write that organizes unions; that
plans co-operative stores; lt is your
literate workman who enters into debates and makes outdoor speeches.
The principal weeklies that have
been published this year are El Tra-
bajo (Work) of Junior 1,000 copies;
I La Palance (The Lever), of Pergamlno, 1,000 copies; ' El Trabajo, of
Tucuman, 1,200 copies; Adelante (Forward), Bahla Blanca, 800 copies; El
Yungue (The Anvil), of Paso de los
Libres, 800 copies; El Soclalista, of
Avillaneda, 1,000 copies (defunct).
There is also a daily Socialist paper published in Buenos Aires called
La Vanguardla, under the direction of
Dr. Juan B. Justo.
The book and the periodical are the
most potent factors making for Socialism. - Our revolution will not be
the task of the Ignoramuses. From
the moment one slarls to read Socialist literature lt is only a question of
time when he must recognize the
truth of the philosophy.—Extract from
an article In Revista Soclalista Inter-
naclonal of Buenos Aires, written by
Mario Brato.
REFORMIST TACTICS.
With the assistance of "Labor" the
seats at Cleveland and Mid-Derby
were "saved" for the capitalist Government, and it would be Interesting
to know just how that assistance was
obtained. While it has often been said
(hat Labor supported the Liberal in
one place in exchange for Liberal sup-
port in another, on this occasion it
would rather seem as if Labor had supported Liberalism in Cleveland in order that Labor might support Liberalism in Mid-Derby—a sort of political
heads I win, tails you lose process, and
certainly the Liberals have every
reason to be pleased with the results.
In both instances an independent Labour candidate was threatened, but in
neither case was he allowed to come
forward while in each place the Liber-
el nominee was supported. And could
the whole history be written of the
means employed to secure this end,
a further and splendid vindication of
our attitude of hostility to the so-called Labor parties would be obtained.
In Cleveland Mr. J. B. Stubbs, who
had consented to be the "Labor" can.
dldate for the constituency, was not
run (according to the Manchester
Guardian, 3.7.09) because "the Election is to be fought on Free Trade and
the Budget, two issues upon which the
Government and the Labor Party are
united" (sic). The way was thus so
far cleared for the workers being led
to support Mr. Samuel, the Liberal.
This gentleman officiated as the chief
speaker at the annual demonstration
of the Cleveland Miners, and it would
appear said nothing to offend either
master or man, for says the Morning
Leader (6.7.09 "An interesting feature
of Mr. Samuel's nomination paper is
the fact that the proposer is Sir Hugh
Bell, Lord Lieutenant of the county
and chairman of the Mine-Owners Federation, while the seconder is Mr. Joseph Toyn, agent of the Cleveland
Miners Association." Thus was Labor
insulted and the seal set upon its degradation.
In Mid-Derby, however, Instead of a
superior, aristocratic lntellitectual of
the Samuel type a "Liberal-Laborer"
was returned. Nevertheless from the
Socialist working-class point of view,
the result Ib the same: the enemy of
the working class has been strengthened by an addition to the ranks of
those "doing odd jobs in the Liberal
workshop." The fact that some 4,000
members of the Nottingham Miners
Association were on the Parliamentary register for the district was not
lost upon the Liberal wire-pullers, and
finding in Mr. Hancock (Miners'
Agent) a Liberal after their own heart,
they readily adopted him. He appear,
ed before the Liberal Association by
Invitation and explicitly assured them
that "he stood before them as a Liberal, although because the Miners' Association were affiliated to the Labor
Representation Committee he was obliged to stand as a Labor candidate
also. That would not, however, alter
his principles." (!) He was a Free
Trader, a Temperance advocate, a local preacher, and would love to have
the bible read in the schools, (Manchester Guardian, 1. 7. 09.) He next
signed the constitution of the Labor
Party, and appearing before the I.L.P.
assured them that he was a Labor
man, after which they decided with
unanimity to support him, (Manchester Guardian, 9. 7. 09.)
As in Cleveland, however, the election was fought on capitalist Free
Trade and the capitalist Budget, and
although working-class funds and
votes were exploited on behalf of Mr.
Hancock, the appearance of such a
motley crew of supporters, including
Asqulth, Lloyd George down to "Mr. J.
Keir Hardie, who wore the yellow
favor of Liberalism," (Daily NewB, 13.
7. 09.) amply proves it was but another victory for confusion.—A. in The
Sooiall8t Standard.
"CORNISH   PIXIE."
The  Dwarf Who  Was a   Monkey.
It was with a true spirit of capitalist enterprise that "Cornish Pixie," the
smallest man on earth, was placed
upon the Australian show market.
Pixie, after a successful exhibition in
many slates, turned out to be a fraud
—and not a freak. But It was a clever
deception. Men held him In the palm
their hands; women kissed Ihe
dear little fellow;" while many presents were bestowed upon him. Yet
Pixie was a fraud—a real, genuine capitalist fraud. He was not a twentieth
century man at all—Pixie was a
mankey. A shaved, enamelled monkey
dressed like a duke! Pixie had been
taught a few tricks, and what ho
lacked ln vocallsm was supplied by a
ventriloquist. Hence the deception
was complete. When discovered the
promoters were fined 50 pounds each
tor cruelty to an animal in their In
genious enterprise: Pixie, died; but
like Chapman and Alexander (who
were also In the show line), has left
pleasant memories in the minds of his
hysterical feminine admirers. Pixie
was a good illustration of Reform end
Capitalism. Pixie was shaved, enamelled, dressed and made to appear
as a man, but was a monkey still. The
reformer seeks to do the same, but in
spite of these things thj Socialist discovers beneath these surface reforms capitalism still—together with
all its shortcomings.—Syd. "People."
KING  JAMIE'S  NORTHERN
-».„,_     DOMAIN.
(Continued from page one)
Bernstein's "Evolutionary Socialism," having been translated in to English, has evoked considerable laudatory comment from the Revisionists In
our own ranks. However, the atten
tlon of those who are Inclined to con-
elder Bernstein tactics so superior to
Marxian, might be called to the fac;
that Bernstein himself was defeated
at the last German elections, and that
of all the North German Revision\-.vi
only one wbb elected.
had seen Socialism tried, he wanted no
more of it. He had also read Merrie
England and how he laughed at the
remembrance. No sir, no Socialism
for him. I swallowed it and tried
him with a few sentences from Engels'
Utopian and Scientific. It was'nt
quite so humorous as Merrie England.
I thought I was on the right track.
But no, he emphatically refused to take
the dope; and told me how much better off he was than he had ever been
before. He started work at 6:30, half
an hour for dinner and quit at six.
Got ?2.50 per day and paid 75c tor
board, and was perfectly satisfied.
Moving on to the next hog pen—
pardon, hog-slave pen. I addressed
them in simiiiar language, had they
ever read the Clarion? Handed them a
copy each. They were foreigners.
One of the headlines for tha,. week's
Clarion was "The necessity for Socialism." Whenever they saw that magic
word there was a change in their features. And papers bearing the same
name slightly disguised by foreign
spelling were held before me. Not
only papers but books, one fine fellow
over six foot and proportionately
built, who would look well ln a ditch,
behind a barricade, in the street, handed me one the frontispiece of which
portrayed the typical soap-boxer, and
from the general headings I gathered that it was a primary
book on agitating. They could
talk no n English, I no Russian
but we understood. These ignor-
ant(?) foreigners were studying Socialist books; but our English friends
not for them. They were satisfied.
Besides, they had seen It tried. The
lumbering animal is not so bad when
he is in the woods, but In town he is
hopeless.
At Lund a bunch were hanging
around but there was only one sober
man among them, but from Lund, in
the camps there I got another cold reception from some more "salt of the
earth," this time Americans, not a
word would they reply to my questions,
looking up from their game of cards as
though I were a bad smell. I again
sought, salve for my wounded feelings
amid the ignorant foreigners. The
country is very difficult to work owing
to the wretched boat service, but It
gives every promise of a seat for us in
the coming elections. With a launch
all the camps could be touched at, by
water, which would save long walks
through the woods, over logging trails
which, where one has no guide, are
difficult to negotiate, speakers could
pull out any time they wished also.
~The"entlre' riding has a Bplendid
sprinkling of Socialists and can be won
by us. Even If lt cannot, a strong man
should be put In there next election to
work up the leaven. In my opinion the
Comrades there would do well to get
together and make It plain to Comrade
Hawthornthwaite that his services are
required there ln the coming campaign.
If our redoubtable fighter from Nanalmo would run there, victory is assured.
• The Blaves in Cumberland are ready
for revolt. The farmers are not behind
and the agitation carried on in the
lumber camps by the money which
could be raised act that time would be
worth very much to our movement.
J. H.
wimtfReadon Socialism
PL A TFO R M
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the princlpleB and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is Qloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker ls rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure it by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore,'we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powerB tor the purpose of Betting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
by tbe workers.
8.   The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office, shall always and everywhere until the present system is abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests of the working class and aid the workers ln
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party ls for lt; If it will not, the Socialist Party ls absolutely
opposed to It.
• In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed in Ub hands in such
a manner as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
READ
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