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Western Clarion Sep 7, 1912

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 WESTERN
OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
PUBLISHED IN THE INTERESTS OF THE WORKING CLASS ALONE
NUMBER 684
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1912
Subscription Price JM   •„
I'KR YKAR        01.IU
APHORISMS 0 F^ SOCIALISM
Being an Explanation of the Declaration of Principles of the S.P.G.B.
APHORISM III.
The antagonism of Interests between
the classes in society can only be
abolished by the emancipation of the
working class from the domination of
the master class, by the conversion
into the common property of society of
the means of production and distribution, and their democratic control by
the whole people.
The arguments which were used to
support the previous aphorisms really
left little to be said to establish this.
It having been shown that the antagonism of interests arises from the
ownership by the master-class of the
means and instruments of producing
and distributing wealth, it follows that
until those means and Instruments
cease to be possessed by the master
class the antagonism of interests must
continue to exist.
So long aB the means of life belong
to a class that class must be in a position of privilege; and its interests as
such must necessarily be different
from and in opposition to the interests
of the class who are without privilege.
The reason for this is because the
privilege is based upon the possession
of something which is vitally necessary to the latter class.
It is this necessity upon which the
whole social structure. In Its present
form, hangs. The only way open
to the non-possessors to live, so long
as the privately owned means of life
are adequately guarded, ls by selling
their energy to the possessors. To t n-
force such sale is the sole object of the
private ownership of the means of living by a section of society, and this
necessarily places them In antagonism to those whom they coerce itttc
wage-slavery.
It is quite clear, then, that if '*••*
wish to aoolish the antagonism of interests In society today, we mUst reverse the condition which gives rise
to lt. We must reduce the varying and
opposing interests to a common and
identical interest.
This cannot be done by making the
interest of the workers the same as
that of the master class, for that Is
an exploiting interest, and then tliere
would be no one to exploU—ln other
words we cannot all be employers.
Neither, of course, can wo all be employees. So the only way la to Und
a new position for both classes.
The way of this is, according to our
aphorism, by the conversion into the
common property of society of the
means of production and distribution.
This would at once strip from the
master class all the powers by which
they could hold their privileges, and
it would at the same time strike from
the workers' limbs the shackles which
bind them to their slavery. It would
equalize, in all matters relating to
the enjoyment of the social wealth
and services, all the units of society.
Today the vast majority of men muBt
work for wages because they have no
other opportunity of gaining a livelihood. If they go unbidden into the
fields to dig, or into the factories to
spin and weave, they are trespassing
or worse. But take away from the
possessing class the ownership of the
means and instruments of production
and distribution, make them the common possession of the whole of the
community, and Immediately they become accessible to the whole of the
community. The avenues of life then
are open once more to all those who
are willing to pay the natural price
of existence—the cost in effort, in
expended energy, of the means of subsistence.
But it does more than this. When
it sets the workerB free from the necessity of selling their labor power
it extinguishes utterly the opportunity
of the master class to live without
working. No longer can they lock,
bolt and bar ths gates of the world
against a section of society. So, being
nnable to purchase labor power, and
unable, from lack of means of production, to exploit lt even if they could
purchase lt, there could exist only one
means of living open to them—they
would have to work.
Make no mistake about lt, when you
strip the master class of their possessions you blot out every vestige of
class distinction between them and
the working class. Such class distinction does not attach to them as
human beings, but as owners of property. It ls an attribute of property,
not of humanity. Even today we see
that when one of the master class
loses his property he loses his class
distinction and his class privilege. And
If he loses his wealth to his butler or
ECONOMIC EGCS IN
THE "CROW'S NEST"
J. W. Wilkinson, WeBtern Organizer
for the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, and President of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, all of which ls
the Canadian part of the American
Federation of Labor, has recently addressed a number of meetlngB in the
Crow's Nest Pass. He gives a brief
history of the aims and objects of the
trade unions and the lessons to
be learned from their struggles. He
urges the unions to send delegates to
the annual convention ot the Trades
and Labor CongreBB, to be held In
Guelph, Ontario, commencing September 9. That Mr. Wilkinson has a thorough grasp of the labor problem is
shown by the following quotation from
a recent speech:
"The working class are wage slaves.
Their power to labor is a commodity.
When we first hear the Socialist state
these facts we are horrified. 'Why,'
we say, 'we are inteligent human beings, baptized by the clergy, made in
the image of God,' etc. Pity God. But
if we study working class economics
we will soon discover that potatoes
and other such commodities have an
advantage over us. If the market Is
unfavorable, and therefore the price is
low, they can be placed in cold storage
and kept until the market is more
favorable. But attached to the only
commodity we have to sell—that is, our
labor power—is a human stomach. It
can not be placed in cold storage. So
we must sell lt. When the market is
unfavorable we must follow the price
(wages) down. The working class
elect representatives of the capitalist
class to Parliament. By so doing the
workers surrender political power to
the representatives of the capitalist
class, who use that political power to
secure and maintain ownership of the
natural resources, which are worthless
without labor. This accounts for their
immigration policy, for they want
cheap labor.
"We must study working class literature and get the facts. Then we will
elect members of our own class who
are conscious of these facts. Our aim
will be to secure for our class the collective ownership of the natural resources and the machinery of wealth
production. Then we will not have
to sell our labor power as a commodity. We will cease to be wage slaves.
Once conscious of these facts, we can
say we are intelligent human beings."
C. M. O'BRIEN.
POVERTY, CRIME
AND BLOODSHED
AN  AUTOMATIC WAITER
An Australian has Invented an electric waiter for hotels and restaurants,
operated by the customer seated at his.
table. A wooden frame holding the
menu card is fitted with push buttons
opposite each item, and "pressing the
button" rings a bell in the kitchen and
displays the order and the table number. The kitchen apparatus also prints
a check the original of which comes to
the customer, with a duplicate on an
endless tape. This device has been in
successful use in New Zealand.—Scientific American.
New York is the first American city
to use the double-deck street car, and
it has proved a success to the owners,
as the number of mules required to
operate the cars will be greatly reduced.
Say, Mr. Literature Agent, we are
waiting for your order for a hundred
or more copies of "What is Socialism?"
his gardener his class distinction
passes with his fortune to his menial.
So the conversion ef the means and
Instruments of production Into the
common property of society will not
only emancipate the working class. It
will also usthrone the ruling class and
make them one with their erstwhile
Blaves. With the abolition of classes
tbe antagonism of interests ceases to
exist. Standing upon the common
ground of undifferentiated units of society, the interests of all must coincide. The interest of the class gives
place to the interest of society. The
Interest, on the economic plane, will
be to satisfy as many social needs
as the general opinion holds to be
worth the cost. ThlB, of course, resolves itself into the economical expenditure of labor power. This, then,
would become the common Interest
of all the members of the community,
displacing the antagonism of interests
which prevails ln society today.
A. E. JACOMB.
With the disappearance of our present system of struggling for material
wealth, selfishness would be unknown,
and war would be a barbarism of the
paBt. Above all, poverty and crime
would disappear, and their attending
satellites—ignorance, sickness and
misery—would be known no more;'
and the latent germs of reason and
truth would rise, like Phoenix, from
the ruins of decaying superstitition.
With all the progress that has been
made ln science, art and the invention
and development of labor-saving machinery, no advantage has accrued to
the laboring classes. They are in a
worse position today than 20 years
ago; more people are out of employment and poverty is more general;
and never in the world's history has
crime been so prolific or widespread
as in the United States today. The
subject matter of our daily papers is
more than half a record of crime,
and thousands of courts are kept busy
trying criminal cases. The criminal
class ls not confined to the lower
strata but has Invaded the precincts ot
education and refinement, and includes many who hold positions ot
trust in banks, insurance companies,
large corporations, and houses. Bank
wrecking, forgery, defalcation, anil
many minor crimes are of almost daily
occurrence among this class. No man
is trusted, honesty is at a discount,
and bonds are demanded to insure
against dishonesty; and it only needs
incentive and opportunity for the average individual to develop into a first-
class criminal. Is this not a terrible
state of affairs, when honesty has
grown so cold and decrepit that bonds
are demannded to insure against its
downfall? Is there not something radically wrong in a system that breeds
dishonesty?
Crime is an effect, the cause of
which must be removed before we can
hope to rid society of Its presence.
Punishment for crime is only local In
effect, and does not in any sense reach
or remove the cause; and laws might
be made from now to eternity for the
purpose of restricting crime, but as
long   as    competition    for   material
wealth existed crime would flourish.
In the distorted features of humanity you can see the results of centuries
ot competition. Avarice, greed, brutality, cunning, and all the other
hideous deformities of the mind are
mirrored on tho face of man, and depict with unfailing accuracy the mind
within. Under the state of equal opportunity to work and full remuneration for value created, as would be the
case under Socialism, every individual
would put on a look of intelligence,
genius and beauty. The distorted fea-
tues ot crimb and poverty with their
furrows of anxiety and care would
fade away before the brilliant light of
a new found happiness and freedom.
The mind within would spring upward
with a bound, when relieved of its load
of oppression and the chains of slavery which have bound lt down to a life
of toil and drudgery. Then, in its free
and natural condition, it would expand
and blossom Into unconceivable beauty and power; and earth would become a heaven beyond the ideal imagination.
The mind is naturally virtuous, ambitious and progressive. It is not
made of material that turns backward.
But, under our present business and
social system, it ls hemmed in by circumstances over which lt has no Individual control; and, there being no
unity of action, the result is a chaotic
system, which necessitates an endless
system of laws, the only remedy is
such a change as will recognize the
rights of the community as a whole,
anterior to the rights of individuals,
which would remove the possibility of |
poverty. Without this change, all the
power of the law and all the preaching
and charity in the world can make no
headway against the constantly Increasing tendency to crime. Criminal
acts are but symptoms of the diseased
condition of our system; and it is a
long road to travel for moralists who
wish to eradicate disease, to try to do
so by curing symptoms, when the
cause itself is continually breeding Its
pestilential germs.—Adapted from K.
C. Gillette's "The Human Drift"
THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE
By Samuel W. Ball.
David F. Swenson, professor of psychology ln the University of Minnesota, speaking before an audience at
the University Extension ln Red Wing
recently said:
"By all means one should have a
philosophy of life. One idea toward
which to concentrate all one's efforts
and thereby accomplish something
really worth while. The reason the
Socialist party can withstand criticism
from without and dissensions from
within is because it iB dominated by
one idea. The Socialists have a philosophy of life."
So, even our college men are coming to a realization of the strength of
this working class movement and Its
marvelous growth is beginning to bo
understood.
The Socialists have one Idea—ono
great aim. A more Inspiring thought
never throbbed in the brain of man.
It ls this: "We, the workers of the
world, who do the useful work of the
world, who produce the wealth of
the world—we want lt. We raise the
food-stuffs. We build and furnish the
homes. We make the clothing. We
build and operate the railroads, pave
the streets and light the cities. We
make the world convenient, luxurious
and beautiful. We want convenience,
luxury and beauty for ourselves, our
wives and our children.
A large touring car was speeding
along Grand Boulevard. In it sat a
silk beruffled and haughty dame. A
crowd of workingmen just released
from work unintentionally Impeded
the progress of the car and she threw
them a look of scorn.
"Woman, the diamonds on your fingers were dug out of the earth, polished and set by working men. The talcum you throw about your neck wa?
refined my working men such as these,
The silk you wear, the food you eat,
and every comfort you enjoy are provided by working people. The very
bed you sleep ln was made by working
men and a workingman's daughter
makeB lt up for you and waits on you
while you sleep. The automobile you
ride In was made from top to bottom
by working men. All that you are,
ever have been or ever hope to be, you
owe to the working people. Without
them your life would flicker and die
out in two weeks. But, woamn, these
things are for a moment.
You cannot hold from the worker
the knowledge that bis labor gives
him. This knowledge he will one day
use to wrest from you the ease and
comfort you strive to withhold from
him. Some day the workers will de-
r. and for themselves the comfirts nnd
culture of civilization they now consent to deny to themselves and bestow
upon you.
We want all we create. On this
Issue there Ib no compromise. This Is
the one idea of Socialism. This is
the thought that gives the Socialist
moral courage, that impels him to
work, that dominates all his thinking
that makes bim a seeker for knowledge and causes the capitalist and his
retainers to regard him as a menace.
One Idea—a philosophy of life—that
is what gives the Socialist movement
strength and wc are not going to quit
talking, agitating, or writing until that
one idea dominates civilization.
William Morris, one of the greatest
thinkers that ever lived, said: "I hava
looked at this claim by the light of
history and my own conscience, and It
seems to me so looked at to be a
moat just claim and resistance to it
means nothing short of a denial of the
hope of civilization."
The Capitalist docs not oppress the
workers. The Capitalist class Is a tiny
pigmy, while the proletariat is a
mighty giant, oppressed by a social
system that could not exist but for
his own Ignorance. Get rid of that,
fortify yourself with that knowledge
which is power and end It.   Wake up!
Close up. tho ranks, oh yo tollers of
earth! Stand true, to thlno own liberty, for It summons you to Ihe accomplishment of your own emancipation!
EXAMINE THE ROOT
NOT THE FRUIT
There are many members of tbe
working class who fall to grasp the
fact that a Socialist who may likewise
be a capitalist in nowise effects the
moral force of the phllosohy of Socialism.
A Socialist may be a hod-carrier, a
bank clerk or a dividend taker. What
he does or does not do in order to get
the means of subsistence has no bearing upon his mental conclusions, 1. e.,
he might be a typical parasite, a coupon clipper, exclusively, and at the
same time realize that the system under which he lives, based upon the
exploitations of human labor whereby
surplus value is produced, is destined
to pass away to be succeeded by the
collective ownership of the means ot
production and distribution; he may
be conversant with the works of Marx,
Llebknecht, Engels, Hyndman, et al,
accept the correctness ot their deductions, but as an individual capitalist
he is compelled to submit to his environment like every other human.
A Socialist cannot live outside the
confines of the earth, he must either
skin or be skinned and as the majority prefer to proceed along the line
of least resistance wherever practicable, chooses "skin" in its transitive
form. A capitalist who understands
Marxian economics, knows that the
great mass of the working class, like
any other animal, will work better
when well fed and groomed, therefore,
may be regarded by his employees as
a "good" man. His "goodness" or
"badness" does not, nor can it, prevent .-exploitation. The difference between a "good" and a "bad" capitalist
is quantitative only, that is to say, he
(the employer) may be satisfied with
a lesser percentage of profit, still he
must obtain profit, otherwise bankruptcy is his portion. A notable case
was that ot the late Paul Singer, Socialist member of the, German Reichstag. Eight hours constituted a day's
work for his employees, the surrounding of the workers were made as
pleasant as possible and any sum In
excess of five per cent on the capital
invested was used for propaganda purposes. In the bourgeois sense of the
word, Paul Singer was a "good" man,
still his actions as an individual were
circumscribed. The best he could do
was to make the living conditions of
those whom he exploited a little more
congenial than Is the usual case in
the industrial word. Yet "one swallow does not make a summer," neither
do the actions of an Individual capitalist, even though be be a class conscious Socialist, have more than a
transitory effect upon the present regime. To praise or blame individual
capitalists is alike demagogic. It ls
the entire system of administering
the affairs of society which must
change—must be revolutionized—nothing less can bo permanently effective.
If all the means of production and distribution which are collectively used
were collectively owned except one,
say, for instance, the railroads, then
like the tendon of Achilles that would
be the stumbling block to revolution
and the bulwark of this, the capitalist
system.
To Inveigh against individuals,
whether they be Socialists or non-
Socialists, Ib evidence of a befuddled
intellect. Every human being would
like to get tho best out of life, provided he is not insane, hence why
raise a howl If a Socialist succeeds
in playing the game with the deal of
capitalistic cards
Tho difference In mental attitudes
on this subject proclaims the Utopian
or the scientific, according to tho angle at which each views the question;
the former, like the artist, commences
to paint his house from the chimney
down, the latter first satisfies himself
regarding the foundation.
It is quite correct that at times the
name of a capitalist is used to point a
moral, but not as an Individual. Simply as illustrative of the workings of
the system. The question for the student of Socialism is not tho deeds or
misdeeds of this or that individual,
but the root cause of society's Ills.
Once realized that so long as exploitation of the producing class obtains, no
matter whether the physical condition
be relatively "good" or "bad," then
attention will be turned to tho remedy which lies in tho awakening of
the mass mind to the necessity of administering tho affairs of society for
the benefit of the whole ot society,
and not, as at present, for the minority to fatten and batten on the majority solely because that majority Is
economically blind. J. W. BKNNETT.
ABOUT THJEJ.AZY MAN
By .Morris Kaplan.
Oft-times, men and women, who
seem to otherwise find a great deal ot
run up against a snag when it comet
merit in the Socialist theory seem to
to the question as to the "Shirker"
and the "Lazy Man." On more than
one occasion has the writer been com-
pelled to go Into a detailed reply when
the query waB made, sometimes by a
scoffer and at other times by sincere,
well meaning people, who would ask,
"What are you going to do with the
lazy man under Socialism?" It is not
enough for us to say that all such
problems will be solved by Society
under the new regime. There are
some thingB that can be answered
and answered scientifically and to the
satisfaction of every fair-minded person. Particularly does that statefent
apply to tho question of laziness.
Every person who has at all given
any slight study to the subject of anthropology knows that in man as in
all animal life there is a constant involuntary tendency to move "along the
line of lea'st resistance." Instances
may be cited ot parasites existing
among other animals than men, but
hardly any Instance can be cited where
such parasites exist except through
the exercise of their own physical
powers for the procurance of their
foods. The snake may sleep most ot
the time, but when he is hungry lt ls
very much awake and very strenuously works for its food. The bee and
the ant may at times set up a ruler,
and we are informed that this proves
the existence of a tendency to shirk
among animal life because the queen
of the species may be fed, but we must
not overlook the fact that the queen
performs a useful function ln giving
forth of offspring and once the offspring have matured the queen is
Btung to death. It is scientific knowledge that every species and every Individual of the species aim to expend
their energies productively. Waste Is
not a natural but an artificial ailment.
That life destroys life, does not controvert the fact that the purpose of
destruction is to preserve tue destroy-
ir.
It is therefore contrary to all knowledge of the laws of nature to say*
that "It is natural to shirk," or that
"it is natural to be lazy." Laziness
Is a disease brought on by extreme
stress in the economic conditions
among the human family.
Take an overworked man who has
worked long hours In the shop or
other place of employment, or has
been compelled through working shorter hours, to keep pace with the machine; apply the same principle to the
woman; let that man and that woman
mate and have progeny. It becomes
self-evident that the children brought
up under such environment will naturally be born "tired." TheBe children
aro born diseased. They are "lazy"
because they are born tired. Abnormal conditions breed abnormal typeB.
Not the children, nor the parents,
are to blame for the laziness bred
within tho children. It Is the system
that Is the cause of It all. Society,
properly speaking, Is the arch criminal responsible for this disease. Laziness Is a trait transmitted from parent
to child. It Is not natural and there-
torn can he outlived by a change of
environment.
Are you on tho voters' list? Itwon'jr
cost, you anything to get on, so why
delay?
THE NEW  RELIGION.
The popes and preachers and kings
nre gone—the altars and tho thrones
are mingled with the dust—the aristocracy of land and cloud, have perished from the earth and air. A new religion sheds its glory on mankind. It
Is thc gospel of this world—the religion of body, heart and brain—the
evangel of health and joy. I see a
world at peace, where labour reaps its
true roward, a world without prisons,
without workhouses, without asylums
for the liiBanc, a world on which the
gibbet's shadow does not fall; a world
where the poor girl, trying to win
bread with the neodle, the needle that,
has been called "the asp for the beast
of the poor," Is not driven to the desperate choice of crime or death, of
suicide or shame. I see a world without the beggar's outstretched palm,
the mlser'B heartless, stony Blare, the
piteous wail of want, thc pallid face ot
crime, the livid lips of lios, tho cruel
eyes of scorn. I Bee a race without
disease of flesh or brain, shapely and
fair, the married harmony of form and
use; and us I look life lengthens, fear
dies, Joy deepens, love intensifies. Tho
world Is freo.   This shall be.
ROBERT G. 1NGERSOLL. PAGE TWO
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, T9T2.
IHE WESTERN MON
Published eveiV Saturday by thc Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor T-.mple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
post office address, labob
temple, dunsmuir bt.
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SATURDAY, 8EPTEMBER 7,1912.
WAGES OF AB3TINENCE
The Western Clarion hereby extends
thanks to the Canadian Pacific Railway Company for a copy of its thirty-
first annual report, just received. The
report is embodied ln a neatly gotten
up booklet of thirty-two pages, six by
nine Inches, and contains much that
will not only prove soul-satisfying to
shareholders, but furnish food for
thought to those who are inclined to
mentally ruminate over the mysteries
and mechanism of capital.
The gross earnings of the company
tor the year ending June 30, 1912,
amounted to $123,319,541.23. The working expenses were $80,021,298.40. This
leaved net earnings of $43,298,242.83.
This huge sum was disposed of by
payment of fixed charges (interest on
bonded Indebtedness, etc.), amounting
to $10,524,937.49, dividends on common
and preferred stock of $15,192,235.26,
with a neat little nest egg ot $17,560,-
518.87 still left in the treasury as a
surplus.
In addition to the above a trifle of
a little over $6,000,000 accrued to the
company from "special income and
other sources.
The working expenses for the year
amounted to 64.89 per cent, of the
gross earnings. This left 35.11 per
cent, as net earnings. In other words
over one-third of the gross earnings
was clear profit.
Everybody knows that the railway
workers, taken as a whole, are not the
lowest paid workers in industry. It is
safe to assert that they receive a rate
of wages much higher than the average rate when the entire working class
is taken Into account. And yet, grant*
ing this higher average wage, over
one-third of the gross value of their
services during the year in question
remains in the hands of the company
and its shareholders. Those into whose
hands this 35.11 per cent, of gross
earnings fell contributed nothing
towards the operation of the railway
during the year. They received these
forty-odd millions for nothing. It has
been said that it is impossible to get
something out of nothing, but lt seems
the saying is not true in the case of
shareholders in capitalist enterprises.
It should be remembered that the
$80,021,298.40 working expenses not
only covers the total wages paid to Its
employes by the company, but all other
expenses incurred during the year.
This includes the modest stipend of
Shaughnessy, K.C.V.O., and a long
string of more or less useless gentlemen ably holding down situations ranging from soft snaps to positive sinecures.
It would be interesting to know just
how many wage slaves were used
by the company during the year and
the total amount paid them as wages.
From this could be ascertained the
actual value of a Canadian slave used
for transportation service—that Is, the
amount In which he should be capitalized by his musters by virtue of the
Juice In his carcass and the toughness
of his hide. Doubtless through an
oversight this Information has heen
left out of the company's report. Had
this oversight not occurred it would
also have been possible to discover
just what lt coBts a Canadian railway
slave, upon the average, to board hlrh-
self while he works for a railway company for nothing.
Will the working farmers of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta kindly
inform us if, after their working expenses—Including everything, even
down to their own munificent salaries
—had been paid, the total "net earnings" of the whole caboodle of them
amounted to over $43,000,000 for the
year ending June 30, 1912? How much
did you realize In excess of that sum
for your entire year's wheat crop, and
what, did you actually have left after
your expenses had been paid? Will
you working farmers assure us that
you received $100 for nothing for each
$100,000 so received by the Canadian
Pacific shareholders?
At nny rate, this report is Invaluable
as an expose of the power of capital
to exploit wage slaveB and coin their
blood and sweat into soothing bnlm
for Uie profit-hungry souls of buslnesB
Christians who have sufficient pagac-
Ity t'i abstain from work. The trifling
sum- 'hat accrue lo such worthies may
very properly be considered as "the
wages of abstinence."
TWO FIELDS, WHAT?
If the presence upon the stage of
human events of a multitude of economic wiseacres is to be taken as a
herald of approaching salvation from
capitalist explpitation, that salvation
must be very near at hand, for these
wiseacres are becoming as plentiful as
fleas upon a dog o£ low degree. Not
only are they numerous, but noisy as
well. The volume of noise per unit
is determined by that well known law
of acoustics that the more empty the
can the greater the racket that can be
gotten out of lt.
There Is a' type of self-confessed
economist that sees things double; that
ls, he fancies he sees two things where
but one really exists. Under certain
circumstances It Ib not only permissible to see double, but it is unavoidable, but those are circumstances of intoxication wherein the intoxicant used
ls of an alcoholic nature.
By persistent application along such
line the student will not only see double, but there will be brought within
his vision a multitude of interesting
creatures that he never would have the
pleasure of seeing during his dull and
sober moments, We have never yet
heard of a case, however, where an
alcoholic student of things non-existent
ever published to the world the result of his researches along this line,
as pearts of truth and wisdom to guide
the steps of his fellows aright in their
struggle for the attainment of a greater
material comfort and a more complete
freedom.
With our economist, who, through
Intoxication evidently induced by mental indigestion and wind on the brain,
it Is different. Noting the fact that
certain organizations of men called
trade unions are engaged ln some sort
of an effort to obtain an increased
quantity of the material comforts of
life, while other organizations, often
composed largely of the same men, and
termed political movements, are endeavoring to push to the front so-
called political issues and obtain their
incorporation into the law of the land,
the afflicted one immediately jumps to
the conclusion that these are separate
and distinct activities, possessing little
if any relation each to the other, and
therefore requiring separate fields of
action. Our versatile economist readily rises to the occasion by inventing
an "economic field" and a "political
field," and assigning each scheme of
activity, duly branded, to Its proper
pasture.
Having thus happily provided the
equipment to fit the case of his trade
union Jekyl and political Hyde, our
economist, conjures forth from the precincts of his economic and political
farms numerous grotesque and fantastical creations. Some are created
straddle of the fence, with an arm or
a wing, as the case may be, In each
field, an attitude though not well calculated for successful tillage and crop
gathering, iB the best that could be
devised under the circumstances of the
dual "field."
Another creation is calculated to cavort ln the "economic field" alone. It
is made blind in the eye next the
fence, and is consequently immune to
the seductive blandishments of any
juicy herbage that might perchance exist upon-the political ranch. This wise
provision safeguards tbe contraption
against the snares and pitfalls which,
according to its sponsors, constitute
the chief crop in the adjacent field.
Many other queer conceits find lodgment in the cranium of our noisy economist. But why continue the tale?
So long as the human animal was
guided in his actions by instinct it is
safe to presume that he waB as sane
and wise as the so-called lower animals of today, but since adopting the
fashion of reasoning and the habit of
depending upon his reasoning faculties
for guidance he has performed the
most humorous, ridiculous and grotesque stunts of any participant In the
calllthumplan parade adown the turnpike of time. Our noisy "economic"
artists are fully maintaining the racial
reputation along the humorous line.
All human Interest and activity centers upon and expresses itself around
the production and distribution of
wealth. Every human institution, no
matter what its profeBBed purpose,
draws Its sustenance from the material
wealth brought forth by the labor of
man in the domain of industrial
achievement. The purpose of every
human Institution ls calculated to have
some bearing, In one way or another,
upon the production, control, appropriation or distribution of wealth. If we
are to use the word "field" to Indicate
the scene of human Interest and activity, there is but one field that will
apply, and that is the field of industry, the field of wealth production, the
economic field.
Workingmen band themselves together along the lines of their respective occupations, or even along
class lines, for the purpose ot securing
more satisfactory returns for their
participation In the Industrial activities of their time. Perchance they go
on strike in order to attain their object. Again, thoy may resort to what
ip termed political action In order to
attain their end by getting their de
mands incorporated into legal' enact,
ment and enforced by the. power of
the State. In either case their demand is purely an economic matter,
i.e., having a direct bearing upon the
production and control of wealth. In
the first Instance it is as much of a political matter aB in the last. In the
last instance it is as much of an economic matter as in the first. The
purpose aimed at is the same in either
case. IJy the Strike an attempt is
made by a minority to enforce its demands against usages and customs that
are sustained and approved by a majority of citizens. By political action
the effort Ib made to win the approval
of a majority of citizens so that the
relief sought may be legally attained
and old customs and ways either
broken down or modified to fit the
base. In either event the battle is
waged ln the same field and for the
same purpose. As the chance of success is determined by the numerical
strength of the attacking force as compared to that of the opposition, lt is
plain why both strikes and political
struggles must always fall for that
side ln the contest which can marshal
but a minority of the total citizenship
to the support of its cause.
As it ls manifestly clear that no permanent betterment of the conditions of
labor can be gained until its cause
wins the support of a pronounced majority of the citizenship, lt is scarce
necessary to indicate the line of effort
requisite to win that support. Nothing
short or a thorough spread of sound
economic knowledge amongst the workers can gain that end.
We have had a sufficiency of this
"two-field" tommyrot. It is time we
cut It out and get down to a plain understanding of the case. There is but
one field of human effort, and that is
the field of industry—the economic
Held. Whether we dub our action economic or political, the purpose determining such action is always the same.
It is the gaining of some more advantageous position ln the economic field,
the securing of a greater command
over the products of Industry.
Upon the field of industry the class
war is waged between the capitalist
class and the working class. The
struggle between these classes is over
the control of industry and ownership
of its products. The capitalist class
struggles to maintain its ownership
and control; the working class struggles to wrest from the capitalists that
ownership and control in order that
the products of industry may be turned
to the account of the workers by whose
labor they are brought forth.
There is but one field of battle.
Whatever weapons may be used are
used for the same purpose. Let every
weapon be wielded by a united working class, to the end that the economic
field be swept clear of hostile interests and this erstwhile field of battle,
converted Into an arena of peaceful
Industry.
MINERS LED ASTRAY.
As was to be expected, the miners
have gained little from the Minimum
Wage act. That act was a compromise, and it seems to be operating to
the tune of—so far as wages are concerned—"split the difference." The
masters put before the umpires a very
low figure, the leaders placed figures
approximating the present rates, and
the result of the "split the difference"
policy.ls that the minimum is below
that of standard rates. In South
Wales, where the majority for a resumption of work was sweeping and
turned the tables, great dissatisfaction prevails, and the leaders have
their work cut out to prevent another
strike. The question is, will such
occur? We believe not. Northumberland and Durharfl have gained a
little for boys and "datallers" and are
chary of entering into another strike.
These counties were the "die-hards,"
and are somewhat disgusted at South
Wales voting so sweepingly to return
to work. The general Impression
seems to be there—"If South Wales
desires another fight let her fight
alone." In "act, there Ib general disgust with the Federation and resolutions for secess'on from It are being
sent In galore. These sell-outs discourage the workers for the time being, and another st-lke wlll not occur
Just yet, we believe. All the Northern
counties will take some getting out
again. As to the rules drawn up by
the Chairman of Distrlc*s for the working of the act, they art simply abominable, and must lead, more or lesB to
friction. One thing stands clear, and
that Is, that the miners are back to
conditions of feudalism. Tdke all recent legislation, the act makes for the
servile State, and tbe fact that lt plays
greatly into the hands of the fakirs
renders it dangerouB. They will try
to work it, and if the miners dont
waken up they will find themselves
split up into sections, and bound hand
and   foot,—one  district  being  plaj-od
all, while the act itself stands for
three years. Marvellous! Another
push, ye fakirs, and the miners are
securely bound.
Stanton writes in the Daily Herald
of the betrayal of the government, and
deplores the wretched awards, but we
write, fakir Stanton, of the betrayal
of the miners, and that, too, by you
and your colleagues. And we might
say, Stanton, that you and Smillie and
others boomed the bill on Its first
reading, and at a Federation conference voted for it, the bill that ls now
an act. If the miners are wise, they
will clear out the Stantons, Smillies,
and Strakers, for they and their colleagues are the only traitors in this
tittle drama. The sooner we hound
them out of the movement the better.
These socalled "Socialists" are the
most dangerous fakirs In the land, and
the most despicable of all. We now
have Stanton writing that (see Daily
Herald, 18-5-12), the minimum wage
precedent by law means the beginning
of the end of capitalism. It now
seems that the minimum wage craze
is to be exploited and the workers
led to follow a will-o'-the-wisp. All
through the late campaign of the miners the minimum wage was glorified,
but its working will ever prove the
truth of that revolutionary propaganda which alone pointed out and emphasized its limitations.
Just now the Minimum Wage act,
Conciliation, and Arbitration, fill the
bill. They suffice, but what of the
time when they do not, and will not,
satisfy Labor? When the workers
become conscious, when they take action suddenly and all together, what
then? Then the staunchness and
loyalty of all will be tested, and the
hope will be seen to be, not the number of mealy-mouthed leaders, but the
number of courageous men and women in the ranks. We need men and
women and scientific organization.
Failing these, we will reap the whirlwind from the master class. We need
an army of which each is a general.
A movement that depends on leaders
is doomed. The great coal Btrike
of 1910 in Australia resulted in the
jailing of leaders and demonstrated
that the workers must be organized
to be able to replace a thousand times,
if need be, every man holding office
in a union. Reports to hand from
Russia inform us that In March a
good miners' strike occurred in Lena,
the workers on strike stood solidly and
peacefully for a month. The authorities, no doubt at the instigation of the
shareholders, 75 per cent of the shares
being owned by British capitalists, arrested the strike committee. The
strikers demanded their release, and
for doing so were fired upon, without
the least provocation, 113 of them being killed, 150 wounded, 40 of the latter dying the same day. It is reported that the Minister of the Interior, in the Duma, in replying to
a question, said: "Workmen have been
shot before on similar occasions, and
will continue to be shot." The Russian miners are men, and are protesting and striking, and demonstrating
that they can act without the imprisoned strike committee.
But what of the British miners?
They are standing on crutches called
leaders, and have yet to learn that
leadership Is the finger-post to utter
rout and destruction. Let us organize. Capitalists demonstrate the in
ternationallty of capitalism; let us
demonstrate that of Labor; let us organize to be able to deal a blow that
will take away the capitalist smile of
the world at the downfall and murder
of the working class.—Edinburgh Socialist.
Socialist   Party   Directory
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE
■ Socialist Pai*ty or Canada, meets second and fourth Monday. Secretary,
Wm. Watts, Labor .Teiilple, Dunsmulr
St.,- Vancouver, B.C<
BRITISH     COLUMBIA     PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Soclulist Party
of Canada, meets second und fourth
Mondays in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Wm, Watts, Secretary.
ALBESTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, at 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secre-
tary, Box 647,  Calgary.    	
SASKATCHEWAN PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVB, S. P. of C, invites all comrades residing ln Saskatchewan to
communicate with them on organization matters Address D. McMillan,
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw,
Sask.
-MANITOBA PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee: Notice—This card lg inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary, J. D. Houston, 493 Furby
St.,  Winnipeg,	
MARITIME PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton offlce of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace Bay,
"„•. *-•, Dan Cochrane, Secretary, nnx
4H, Olace Bay, tf. 6.
SOCIALI8M  AND  THE   HOME
By Maude J. Ball.
In this day of the reign of the alarm
clock, when not greed for gain but
fear of starvation drives men from
their homes to their work before the
day is due, drags women from their
beds an hour earlier to prepare the
hasty meal, snatcses children from
sleep and sends them to the mill, the
mine or the shop—In this age when
homes are desolated by warB, disease,
poverty and crime, it seems cruelly
ridiculous for a working man or woman to object to Socialism on the
ground that It will break up the home.
Yet this argument is still repeated
parrot-like by many for whom home
has long been but a mockery, a vain
hope or a cherished ideal and others
who await the call of the rent collector
with a shuddering dread.
A few days ago a railroad man was
heard to make this statement: "The
only objection I have to Socialism is
that it wlll break up the home, destroy
the family and send children away
from their parents to be educated and
cared for by the community."
Inquiry concerning the home life of
this man revealed the fact that for the
against another, while all are played i greater part of his life he had been
Into the hands of the Board of Trade I employed by the Wells-Fargo Express
and Faklrdom. It is worthy of note I Company and that for twenty years
that the last four mining disputes were j he has not had a vacation. His work
settled by the Board of Trade, largely, l takes hlm from home on a thousand
and that everyone of the settlements! mile  journey  twice  each  week,  and
LOCAL VANCOUVEB, WO. 69, B. P. of O.
Headquarters; Room 206 Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr Street. Business meeting
every Friday In the month at 8 pm
Reading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all oountrles
on file. Secretary, s. Lefeaux.
LOCAL PEBNI-B, 8. P. of C, BOLD
lipids educational meetings In the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
7:30. Business meeting flrst Monday
In each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
Sl"*iS„?very Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380
LOCAL BOML-.ni, NO. US, S   P. ef C,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7,:,,,°, pxm-    EA Campbell,  Organiser.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 126.
Finnish branch   meets in   Flnlanders'
Hall Suadays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble.
Secretary, Box 64, Rossland, B.C.
LOOAL  WCBBL,  B.  C,  BO.  IS,  S.  _.
or c„ holds propaganda meetings
every Sunday afterm-on at 2:80 p.m. In
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the flrsr
fn<l.th",'(1 Sundays of each month at
10:30 a.m. in the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. T. W. Brown,
Secretary.
VANCOUVEB LETTISH LOCAL Bo. 68.
S. P. of C—Business meeting every''
flrst Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third ■ Sunday.
Room open to everybody at 612 Cordova Street East, 2 p. m. Secretary,
P. Anderson, Barnet, B. C.
LOOAL   VANCOUVER,   B.    C,    NO.    4S,
Finnish. Meets every second ana
Fourth Thursdays In the month at 213
Hastings St East. Ovia Llnd, Secretary.
LOCAL VANCOUVEB No 1, B. P. of C—
Business meeting overy Tuesday evening at Headquarters. 213 Hastings St.
East, H. Rahim, Secretary.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA;,     NO.     S.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on tha flrat
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman. Alta.;
Secretary, .las. Olendenning, Box II,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may recelva
Information any day nt Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Graham, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
LOOAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA.. BO.  1,  S..
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business and propaganda meetings
every Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to fbe public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, 622 First St.;
Organiser, W.  Stephenson.
LOCAL CALOABT, ALTA., BO. 4, S. P.
of C.—Business meeting every Saturday evening at 8 o'clock at the headquarters.   429  Eighth   Ave.   East,  between  Third  and Fourth streets,
S. K.  Read, Secretary.
LOOAL BBOINA NO. S, SASjC., MBBTSJ
every Sunday, Trades Hall, I p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday. I
p.m. Trades Hall. W. B. Bird, Gen.
Del., Secretary.
LOCAL  LETBBBrDQE,  ALTA.,  NO.  IS,
S. P. of C. Meets flrst and third Suadays ln the month, at 4 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Paa-
cock, Box 1983
LOCAL  -fBLBOB,  S.  P.  of O., MBBTB
•very Friday evening at 8 p.m„ in
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Aus-
tln, Secretary.
LOCAL   BBVELSTOXE,   B.   C,    NO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary	
LOCAL MOOSEJAW, BASK., W,. 1, ■. T.
OP O.—Propaganda meetings every
Sunday, 7:30 p. in., In tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, 8 p.m.
W. McAllister, Secretary, Box 687. A.
Stewart organiser.
LOCAL Wo. 1, WnrWXPBO}, MANITOBA,
S. P. of C.—Headquarters, Labor Temple. Business meeting every Saturday, 8 p.m. Secretary's address, 270
Young St. Propaganda meeting every
Sunday at 8 o'clock ln the Dreamland
Theatre, Main St.
LOOAL SANDON, B. C, NO. 36, 8. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m.
ln the Sandon Miners' Unior Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K, Sandon, B. C.
LOCAL VICTORIA BO. 3, S. P. of C	
Headquarters and reading room 575
Yates St. Business meeting every
Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting overy Saturdny, 8 p.m., corner of
Yates  and  Langley.
LOCAL SOUTH POBT QEOBQB, B.C.,
No. 61, meets every Friday night at
8 p.m. in Public Library Room. John
Mclnnis, Secretary; Andrew Allen.
Organizer.
LOCAL  CUMBBBLAND NO. 70 B. P. of O.
Business meeting every Sunday. 10:30
a.m. Economic Class held twice each
Thursday, 10:30 a.m. (for afternoon
shift). 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hnll, opposite
post offlce. Financial Secretary Thomas Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph Naylor.
LOOAL   OTTAWA.   BO   8,   B.   P.   OP   a
Open olr meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rldeau Street. Business meetings,
flrst Sunday ln month In the Labor
Hall, 219 Bank Street, at 8:00 p.m.
. Secretary, Sam Sturgess Horwlth, 16
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
LOOAL OLACE BAT, Bo. 1 OP MARITIME—Headquarters ln Rukasln
Block, Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. m. Alfred Nash, secretary.
Box 158; Harold G. Ross, organizer,
Box 606.
LOOAL    SIDNEY    MINES    NO.    7,    Of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 In the S. O. B. T. Hall back
of Town Hall. Wll'iam Allen, Secretary, Box 344.
UKRAINIAN      SOCIALIST
TION of the S. P. of C, ls organized
for the purpose of educating ths
Ukrainean workers to the revolutionary principles of this party. Thf
"Ukranlan Federation publish their owa
weekly organ, "Nova Hrornada" (New
Society), at 443 Klnistlno Ave., Edmonton. Alta. English comrades desiring Information re the Federation,
write to J.  Senuk, Fin. Secretary.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of tbe principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of
the means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong
to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker
a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins
of government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights ln the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profitB, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tbe wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist and
the worker Is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure lt
by political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada, with, the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when ln office shall always and everywhere
until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the
Interests of the working class and aid the workers ln their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will, the Socialist Party iB for lt; If lt
will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its bands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
took on a more definite compulsory
side. This act binds the men ffor
twelve months, then three months'
notice to terminate, fifteen months in
during the time he is at home his need
for sleep makes conscious enjoyment
of his home life impossible.
It might be asked how much Social
ism would contribute toward the
breaking up of this home. And even
if the charge were true that under Socialism children would belong to society, might not this be better than the
present order, by which thousands of
children are denied both care and education?
Would the possibility of a few hours
daily companionship of wife and family tend toward the destruction of the
home, or would not Socialism make
possible for the first time in the history of the world, the enjoyment of
all that makes tor home and home
life? SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7,1912.
THE WESTERN CL^f-QN, VANCOUVER,: BRITISH JCOLUMB!A.
PAGEtaRE^
Offer
WE HAVE IN
stock a quantity of 5c and 10c
pamphlets of our
own publication.
They should be put
in circulation, as
they contain matter
of value to the student of economic
conditions. They are
especially valuable
to put in the hands
of those not yet
familiar with the Socialist position and
argument. In order
to get them into the
hands of readers and
and at the same time
push the circulation
of the Western Clarion, we make the
following offer:
For each subscription
to the Western Clarion
for one year received
on or after. August 15,
1912, and until further
notice, we will forward
to the subscriber the
following list of booklets  postpaid.
Manifesto of 8. P. of C  10c
What Is Socialism?   10c
Socialism and Unionism     5c
Slave of the Farm     5c
The State and Government..    5c
Value, Price and Profit     5c
Struggle for Existence     5c
Summary of Marx' "Capital"   6c
*} This applies to all, whether
new subs or renewals.
*J If you are not already  on
our list take advantage of this
offer by getting on.
*J   If already   a   subscriber,
take advantage of this by renewing your sub.
*J Get your neighbor  to subscribe,    and    thus    become
acquainted witli the literature
of the movement.
ij In all cases read these little
booklets   carefully   and then
pass them along for the good
they may do.
WESTERN
CLARION
LABOR TEMPLE
Vancouver, B. C.
VACUUM CLEANING EXTRAORDINARY
A machine combining two modern
inventions, the electric car and the
vacuum cleaning apparatus, has been
applied ln Strassburg to clean the
tramway tracks of that city. In the
operation of the machine the roadbed
is sprayed with water, then the dirt is
loosened by a scratcher and drawn up
Into the car by the suction apparatus.
With this machine one man can clean
twenty-five miles of track a day, replacing the labor of seventeen men
working in the ordinary way.—Scientific American.
CORRESPONDENCE
Editor "Clarion,"
"The prevailing ideas at any, given
time are the opinions of the predominant class."
Some pf us note the passing of old
forms and usages and often lament the
ruthlessness, the want of feeling, of!
SCIENTIFIC BREEDING OF CHILDREN.
A conference was recently in session in London, promoted by (and
naturally in the interest of) the sup-
namely, that every faddist seized hold should  be changed' and' Cleaned  fre-
of the eugenist problem aB a machln- \ quently.
ery for furthering his owti-particular j 6. The table ware used by a con-
method for bringing the millennium on sumptive should be kept by itself and
earth.—(Laughter.) Further than that may be sterilized by boiling,
he was not sure that those who wrote j 7. A room which has been occupied
and talked upon the subject did not by a consumptive should not be used
occasionally use language Which he! again until it has been thoroughly
thought was Incorrect in itself, and, cleaned and disinfected,
which was apt to produce a certain pre- 8. In the event of death from con-
judice upon the impartial public.   He sumption, advice should be sought from
.      , .       ,       .   , porters of the capitalist system.    It
the new generation, forgetting that the | ca]lB  ltBe,f   the  flrst   .,,nternatlonal
new  mannerisms, the new ethics, If
Eugenics Congress."    Taking part ln
any, are caused by the changes in our ,tB dellberatlonB are well.known med.
material conditions. The new mode L , and other men and women from
of making our livelihood, brings new|a„ clvi,izeQ countrles    A banquet wa„
^?^J^^[W^.!^i'n^^\ep*mI the last night and the guests
included A. J. Balfour, ex-Prime Minister, the Bishop of Birmingham, the
Duchess of Marlborough, Lord Wln-
terton and Sir William Ramsay. The
object of the organization is the scientific production of children. They
desire that all children be born well
and they seem to think that an Interference in the several operations
would act as a benefit to mankind.
new deportment and even new fashions of speech and dress.
Our present mode of life, "the profit
system," which, like a wheel increases
its momentum the farther down hill it
goes, discards all frills and flummeries, and throws aside all the old line
amenities of life, the manner, the gentlemanly, suave bearing, the polite approach, and bluntly tells you what it
wants. It comes straight to the point.
"Tells you its business, then goes
about that-business." Here ls a sample:
My aristocratic old landlady, not
averse to a little creature comfort in
the form of an occasional drop of gin,
old dear, gets a type written letter
from the new school of get rich quick,
professional fraternity. It reads as
follows:
"Dear Madam: You will see from
the enclosed literature that for $5 you
can now secure the full and genuine
i>ppenhelmer Home Treatment for Alcoholism. This treatment may be
taken at home during the course of
six days without any Iosb of time from
employment or without any further
cost, and is strongly recommended to
remove the craving for stimulants.
"The Oppenhelmer Institute has
granted an exclusive license to the
'Rapid Remedy' Company to handle
this home treatment, and Dr. Oppenhelmer, the discoverer of the treatment named in his honor, has been
appointed President so as to give his
personal attention to every detail. You
cannot do better than take this opportunity of securing the home treatment.
Write today. Do not send loose money. Send check, express or Money
order, payable to the Rapid Remedy
Company.
Yours very truly,
Rapid Remedy Co."
The impertinence of trade knows
no bounds. It interferes with our most
cherished habits, and intrudes into
our moBt sacred haunts. All our walks,
talKs and thoughts are regulated to it.
We are slaves verily and Indeed to
the profit system.
Yours in revolt,
C. McMAHON SMITH.
had read, for Instance, that they were
suffering at present from the fact that
the law of natural selection was, If
not actually in abeyance, producing
less effect than It did when selection
was more stringent, and that what tbey
had got to do was to go back to the
good old days of natural selection. But
he did not believe that to be scientifically sound.—(Hear, hear.) The fact
was that we were very apt to use the
the Board of Health regarding the best
way to disinfect the house.
Disinfection.
1. For washing the face and body
use carbolic soap; the hands and hair
should be frequently cleansed with a
strong alkali soap. Patients should
not wear beards or moustaches.
2. All washable clothing, handkerchiefs,  coverlets,  sheets,  and  pillow
^"fl^t^^
after which they should be thoroughly
washed in the usual way.
3.   Bedding, carpets, curtains, wear-
They said that the fit survived. It
meant that those who survived were
flt, and they were flt because they
survived. It added nothing to the fact
that there was a species, some said,
which survived because lt was adapted
to the surroundings. But the eugenist meant more than that; he had a
good ideal of what man, the State, and
society ought to be, and said that those
ideals were not being carried out because they had not yet grasped the
'PEThr PILOT FISH1.'     '
But  the  Bugeuist  is  a  peculiar  cultI J""3,way °f, *?a,,nK *l\a the Problem
, • .■ '«;. i ii. i en. n    ,.     .. i involved:   If they used language strict-
and seems to think that   better breed- -y_ they ghoul(1 never attribute to na-
Ing" will result from interference.   It ture any intention    whatever.   They
Is not the function itself that is at ought to say that a certain thing hap-
fault.   The reason there is a commun- Pened   and that everything else was
..     .    .   . ,           ..   .   ,,   ,     ,      . metaphor, and that sometimes lt was
ity stunted In growth, badly developed mlsieadlng raetaphor.
in other senses' is because, the work-
HOW THEY COME
You may rest assured of this: The
harder you work under capitalism the
more the rfch will have. It does not
follow that you have more.
Well, Comrades, there Is not a very
good showing on the sub list this week.
We know that It ls no easy matter to
get subs, but how many of you are
uBing the right methods?
Do you give your paper to someone
else after you have read it? If you
don't you will find it a good plan
whereby you can get the other fellow
started In on our proposition.
Maybe you want to save your Clarion. Well, why not get a bundle of
say five a week and place them where
they are likely to be read?
We are still getting more ons than
offs, but it won't continue that way
all the time. There is bound to be a
slump ln subs pretty soon, but If you
will get busy right now it may help
to avert it. Here are a few who are
doing their best:
C. M. O'Brien, Organizer  8
G. O. Vennesland, Granum, Alta  7
W. H. Anderson, Dewberry, Alta  6
L. S. Grue, Brookville, Ont  6
A. E. Fay, Montreal, Que  6
S. K. Read, Calgary, Alta  3
A. S. Julian, Calgary, Alta  2
J. A. Moon, North Battleford, Sask..
T. H. Timmer, Forest Hall, Sask  2
A. M. McAllister, Winnipeg, Man  2
Jos. Naylor, Cumberland, B. C  2
M. Lightstone, Montreal, Que  2
Singles ,
W. B. Phillips, Fernie, B. C; James
Cartwright, E. Wellington, B. O; John
White, Nanaimo, B. O.i Thos. Foul-
stcn, Eyebrow, Sask.; S. Mork, Reglna, Sask.; W. Howarth, Calgary,
Alta.; H. Fulcher, Brandon, Man.; C.
F. Scroeder, Hope, B. C; W. U Forrest, Madison, Wis.; C. Peters, City;
N. MacAulay, City; W. Wallace, City.
Bundles
Local Winnipeg, 100;  Local Moose
Jaw. 25.
BRICKLAYING  BY  MACHINE
In a recent patent there ls provided
a machine for building up walls from
superposed courses of brick with the
Interposition of mortar or cement between the bricks of the courBes as well
as between the courses.   The machine
ing class are slaves. They are compelled to moil and toil without advantage or flt recompense. Our niggardliness is due to want .of the essentially necessary matter "to produce
healthy human beings. That ls the
bastBOf ill-developed children. Granted that the working class obtained
the result of their labor, lt would inevitably follow that deterioration
would be soon arrested and physical
progress In every sense ensue.
Because mothers are ill-fed.
Because of unsanitary conditions.
Because of ardous toil.
Because of all those things, badly
formed children are produced. The
hellish position of the women is transmitted physically and morally to their
offspring. No arrangement after birth
will assist. It is the prenatal influences and surroundings that play a
great part, if not the greatest, in the
life of the child that Ib born. All
medical men are agreed that female
ailments are on the increase. This
is bound to react on the child and to
its detriment.
Any quack remedy, any lame and
idle suggestion brought forward by a
section who are faddists is quickly
proclaimed as being equivalent to the
saviour of society. The degeneration
of our class is produced not by a physical operation that gives life to another, but solely by inability to procure good food, clothing and shelter
and nothing else really counts. Perhaps this foreword will suffice.
To return now to last night's banquet. Arthur James Balfour, who is
unmarried, is flt and qualified to speak
on such a topic, for he represents the
real opposition to Socialism by stating
the truth. From his lecture I do not
take out one word, for it is invaluable
for any Socialist who cares to ponder
over his excellent contribution, so here
goes:
"Mr. Balfour, in offering a welcome
to the guests from abroad, said that
science knew no divisions between nations, and they must all feel a like
interest In a common scientific task-
one oi the greatest that was being
presented to civilized mankind at the
present moment. The Congress had
two great tasks before it. It had got
to convince the public that the study
of eugenics was one of the greatest,
and moBt pressing necessitier, of th?
age and to make the ordinary man
think of It and to nersuade him that
tho task was one of the most complex
ind difficult which science had ever
undertaken. No man could do service in the cause unless he believed
these two propositions. He (Mr. Balfour) was one of those who based his
belief on the future progress of mankind in most departments upon the
application of scientific method to
practical life. They were only at the
beginning of this marriage between
science nnd practice. Science, even
modern science, was old. but the application of science to practice was
comparatively new. "Those who had
given most thought to the problems
included under the word "eugenics,"
to the way in which the hereditary
qualities of the race were transmitted
The Birth-Rate and the Fit.
"Then, they read that the biologically flt were diminishing in number
through the diminution of the birthrate, and that the biologically unfit
were increasing because their birthrate waB high according to the true
doctrine of natural selection. As he
understood it, this must be wrong, for
it would follow that the professional
classes who had the small families
must be consequently the biologically
unfit.—(Laughter). The number of the
feeble-minded was greatly Increasing,
and that must only mean from the
naturalistic point of view that they
were getting more adapted to their
surroundings.—(Laughter). The whole
point of eugenics was that they rejected the standard of mere numbers. They
did not say that survival was everything; they deliberately said that it
was not everything, that the feebleminded man was not so good as the
professional man. The truth was that
they ought to have the courage of their
opinions. They must regard man as a
wild animal. There were qualifications
to it, even among barbarous and uncivilized tribes; there were marriage
customs and marriage laws which had
their root—he did not know whether
It formulated laws or eugenics, but
which harmonized with what were now
realized as sound laws of eugenics. In
the matter of domestic qualities and
In consideration of the health qualities and character of succeeding generations, they as eugenists were showing qualities which were totally absent
from animals in the wild state. It waB
not a problem of the individual which
they had to face, but a problem of society. It was said that society was
the sum of the individuals who composed it. In a certain sense only that
was true. Whether they would ever
know exactly how a complex society
should be composed the idea that they
could get a perfect society by merely
considering certain questions about the
strain, the ancestry, the health and
water is a safe and effective disinfec- »_ h«.«i, „. •.     _ a .   . ....
taut 't0 break even, haB made most of them
6.'
ing apparel and all similar articles
which cannot be washed, belonging to
or used by a patient, should be disinfected in an efficient steam dislnfector,
where such Is available.
4. In order to remove or destroy
the dried infective discharge, the disinfectant must be applied directly to
the infected surfaces of the room, and
may be applied by washing, brushing
or spraying.
5. Among other chemical preparations used for this purpose, a solution
of one part carbolic acid in twenty of
To eke out an existence conducting
a paper in a small country town'Is
ever becoming more difficult, and to
those who know the reason why It ts
amusing^to watch the antics of tho
supposed owners in their effort to
hang iy. When they buy the paper
most of the columns are filled with
frivolous stories and patent medicine
advertisements. The money derived
from the advertising enables the dealer to sell the paper at a very low rate.
The balance of the columns the country scribe Alls with local advertisements and gossip, except for a small
editorial usually borrowed and often:
even without acknowledgment. Such,
editorials either denounce large business concerns or tell of the strenuous
lives of the local authorities, who are
usually little business men. All of
which is but a polite, modern method
of compelling such local mercantile'
tinhorns to dig up at least a part of
the advertising bill. This thoy canu
ill afford to do.
Their long experience aB petty hawkers of wares, often selling things below
their value and then stealing an ounce
here, a quarter of a yard there, a few
cents at every opportunity In order
In remote rural districts when
carbolic acid cannot easily be procured,
scalding hot water mixed with lye from
hardwood ashes plentifully applied
with a stiff scrubbing brush will answer every purpose.
mentally incapable of scientific reasoning. So they shut their eyes to
Socialist literature and their ears to
Socialist speakers, and remain Ignorant of the economic forces that are'
Note.—While a strong  solution  of, driving them over the precipice intoi
lye is desirable care must be taken  the camp of the wage slaves proper
not to    make    the    mixture strong tm,„„    . „      , ,     .
enough to  injure the  hands of thi TheBe waee-slaves are already so nu-
person using it. merous that they do not welcome anjr
The foregoing is reproduced from "recruits, particularly from that source.
Leaflet No. 1, which is being circu-j 0f course it is galling to the one time
later throughout the Dominion by the I Prospective capitalist, .to be /cast
Canadian Association for the Preven- amone wage-slaves, whom they have-
always despised, but it is not what
tion of Tuberculosis. The casual reader will probably glance over this with
the thought uppermost in his or her
mind that the advice given is very
good indeed, so it is but—and here is
where we wish to add a little more
Information for the benefit of the
aforementioned C. R.
"The prime cause ot consumption
is a microscopic form ot vegetation
known as the tubercle bacillus or
germ, which obtains entrance into the
system by the inhalation of infective
dust, or by the use of infected food."
This is correct except that instead
of "prime" the word "contributory"
should qualify "cause."
To point out a little more clearly let
the following quotation be analyzed:
"The invasion of the germ is facilitated by a great variety of conlltions,
such as (1) living in over-crowded, Ill-
ventilated, dark, dirty rooms." Who
is it that occupies such quarters?
Needless to wait for an answer. It
is the underpaid wage-earner who is
compelled to dwell In such unsanitary
habitations simply because the brand
either likes best that it gets the most,
of.
For political services rendered to»
their real enemy, the capitalist class,,
some of the petty tinhorn business
fraternity get a little of the campaign
slush fund which enables them to keep
the sheriff away and hoid on to their
little business. So we occasionally
flnd in the edltoial column of some
struggling country w-e-a-k-1-y a clipping from one of the large capitalist
papers slandering Socialist speakers
and manipulating statistics ln order to
justify the ruling class in its right to
rule and rob the workers—the only
useful part of human society—out of
! the product of their labor.
In so doing these puny little country
I newspaper squirts are acting as pilot.
fish for the big capitalist sharks.
C. M. O'BRIEN..
physical vigour of its component parts  practically a glut on the Labor Mar-
was a most shallow view to take of a '
most difficult question.
Perhaps your readers would be willing to take a hand at discussing the
above question.
The London dock strike is still on,
the workers being starved into submission. Yesterday Ben Tillett, who has
shown by his actions during the strike
what a great humbug he is, capped all
his fake and trickery by asking the
poor, starving strikers to hold up their
hands and repeat the following:
OH GOD, STRIKE LORD DEVON-
PORT DEAD.
Fancy 'that!! I Why go on strike if
God can settle it all? Further, if its
God's business, and to him they must
finally appeal, why pay wages to labor "agitators?"
This action of Ben Tillett Bimply
proves his downright Incapacity and
trickery.
MOSES BARITZ.
HOW TO PREVENT CONSUMPTION
The poor deluded "regulars" of Uncle Sam's defenders of other people's
property are sweating and swearing
because Ihey have not received any
pay for the last eleven weeks. Maybe
of labor-power he has to dispose of is the government thinks It better not
to pay them, then the Socialists cannot call them "hired assassins."
The Capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits and to the worker an over-
increasing measure of misery and degradation. If you don't want this to
continue you must work with the Socialist party for the abolition of the.
wage system.
You are upon )he eve of the greatest victory since Ihe dawn of time.
Millions of your fellows have died
upon the gory fields of battle that this
day of peaceful victory should be
yours.
Consumption,  with  other forms  of
tuberculosis, causes one death In every
eight in this country. Of all deaths In
the Dominion between the ages of
twenty-five and thlrty-flvu nearly one-
half are due to consumption.
The prime cause of consumption is
a microscopic form of vegetation
i known  as  the    tubercle  bacillus  or
ket and he is therefore compelled to
seek shelter in these tubercular creating dens. Consequently it Is Poverty
that is the Prime cause of consumption.
Some of those who revel ln hair-splitting may question this statement because there are cases of very wealthy
people becoming victims to the fell
disease. This is indisputable but in
nowise alters the truth of the statement that Poverty is the CAUSE as
there are several kinds of Poverty, financial Poverty and mental Poverty,
I. e. Ignorance, not to mention Pauperisms of other forms.
Now let us study clause (2) "Insufficient or infected food." Why should
there be Insufficient food? We read
from time to time about "Phenomenal
cropB," "Waves of Prosperity," etc.,
"Warehouses choked to repletion,"
therefore it is not due to famine in
production that "Insufficient food" Is
a factor. Then it follows that "insufficient food" in this instance means
that an Individual gripped by Poverty
is a more likely victim of consumption
than one able to get sufficient to eat.
were those who at this moment took I germ,   which   obtains   entrance linto
the darkest views of the general effect  the system by the Inhalation of infec-
of the complex causes which were now
in operation. He hoped that their
pessimism was excessive, but lt, was
undoubtedly and unquestionably founded, not upon sentiment, but upon the
hard consideration of hard facts, and
those who refused to listen to their
prophecies were bound to answer their
reasoning, for the reasoning was not
beyond what It was in the power of
every man to weigh, and depended upon facts which It ought not to be difficult to verify.
Difference of Opinion.
"Those who contemptuously put
aside all the proofs relating to the
.Civilization of Ihe future were bound
to give the closest scrutiny to all the
arguments before they rejected them,
and to show where and how and in
what particulars they failed to support
the conclusions as drawn from them.
He would go so far as to say that probably there was more difference of
opinion at this moment amongst scientific men with regard to certain
very fundamental principles lying at
haB  a  rotatable  brick  carrier  upon
which the bricks   are   automatically '£^™JL°T ,^i,^l*«?J!!!7.w"-
ive dust, or by the use of infected food.
The germ or bacillus is derived sole,
ly from persons or animals suffering
from some form of tuberculosis. It Is
contained in the dust particles of the
dried expectoration; ln the minute
droplets sprayed Into the air by a consumptive when coughing or sneezing;
and in the milk and flesh of tuberculous animals, which are often unwittingly used for food.
The invasion of the germ is facilitated by a great variety of conditions,
such as (1) living in over crowded, ill
ventilated, dark, dirty rooms; (2) insufficient or Infected food; (3) alcoholism and other forms of dissipation;
(4) a long neglected cold and various
other debilitating sickness.
Protective Measures for the Household
1. All rooms occupied by a patient
should bave as much sunlight and fresh
air as possible.
2. Well persons should not sleep in
the Bame bed with a consumptive and
when possible not In the same room.
3. The floors of rooms occupied by
consumptives should not be carpeted,
but should be painted or covered with
, ,    . .,       . .. ,    'or example. In the seventies and eight-, ^  ...
gripped during a portion of the revolu-1 ,es of the IaRt ce„t,lry> atter the £_ oilci0th
tion of the carrier and from which the j Darwin doctrines were genernllv ac-l 4. Floors, woodwork and furniture
bricks are released when the carrier cepted. Eugenisls had got to deal with! should be wiped dally with a duster,
has conveyed the brick to its final'the fact of thls rffaastreement.   It also ! moistened with a disinfectant.   Floors
1 suffered from another fact, which was should never be dry swept.
to some extent social and political—    5.   All bed clothing and body linen
position.—Scientific American.
It is of course possible, although highly Improbable, that high prices havo
been paid and yet the food be infected.
Tills, however, is so rare as to be
barely worthy of mention. The fact
Is that the poorer classes are the most
likely to buy food that is infected because offered at less than the usuul
figure or because their purse is bo
slender In its proportions that they
cannot afford to get the best edibles.
Again we have Poverty as the "prime
cause."
(3) "Alcoholism and other forms of
dissipation." Given that human units
lived a normal life tbere is but little
to fear that alcohol per se would be a
potent factor in breeding tuberculosis.
But lt is often the case that those
who are compelled to live In dark, lll-
ventllated dens, in order to give themselves a Blight exaltation, indulge in
"two-pennorths" from time to time.
The fact that tubercular troubles
are not limited to the poverty stricken
exclusively, Ib doubtless ono of the
main reasons why there is so much interest being taken in Its prevention.
Were It not so, why would there not
be the same desire to wipe out poverty
and the same spreading of knowledge
regarding the root cause ns there Is to
the protective measures already outlined above? Out of their own mouthB
are thoBe who are advocating the abo
lition of consumption confounded, otherwise we Bhould read In lieu of clause
1, a clauBe somewhat as follows: "111
ventilated, dark, dirty rooms become
foci of Infection only because of Inability to occupy well ventilated, clean
and roomy habitations owing to Poverty, therefore lo abolish Poverty is
the essential."
Under the capt .-in of "Protective
MeaBiireB for the Household,'' we
would amend to read as follows:
"I. All rooms occupied by human
Individuals should have as much sunlight and fresh air as possible. Not
when the disease lias made ils presence known, but ut all times."
The advice given in this leaflet is
valuable, at the same time do nol stop
at merely the hulf way point bul read
the literature published by the Socialists showing how in order to rid
society of Its evilB (tuberculosis
included), the prime causes, Poverty
and Ignorance, must, be uprooted.
We all know that Poverty is the
bane of present day society and we
also know tbat it is not because there
is not enough space on the earth's surface tbat people live ln unsanitary
dwellings nor ia it heacuse there is not
enough foodstuffs and clothing that
so many are hungry and ragged. Then
what Is the trouble? Ignorance of
the way out. of the difficulty and as
guides therof the Socialists stand out
prominently when they call attentiou
to the incontrovertible truth that "Labor produces all wealth and to the
producers it should bolong," and will
belong Just so soon as they themselves
realize the neeeEHlty of abolishing
capitalist ownership and domination
nf the means of production and placing such ownership and control In tho
hands of the community ns a whole.
J. W. BENNETT. PAGE FOUR
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7,1912.
"A FAIR  DAY'8 WAGES  FOR A
FAIR  DAY'S  WORK."
This has now been the motto of the
English working class movement for
the last fifty years. It did good service in the time of the rising trades
unions after the repeal of the infamous combination laws of 1824; it did
still better service in the time of the
glorious Chartist movement, when the
English workmen marched at the head
of the European working class. But
times are moving on and a good many
things which were desirable and necessary fifty, and even thirty, years
ago, are now antiquated, and would
be completely out of place. Does the
old, time-honored watchword, too, belong to them?
A fair day's wages for a fair day's
work? But what is a fair day's
wages? And what is a fair day's
work? How are they to be determined
by the laws under which modern society exists and develops Itself? For
an answer to this we must apply to
the science of morals or of law and
equity, not to any sentimental feeling
of humanity, justice or charity. What
iB morally fair, what is even fair in
law, may be far from being socially
fair. Social fairness or unfairness is
decided by one science alone—the sci-
ene which deals with the material
facts of production and exchange, the
science of political economy.
Now what does political economy
call a fair day's wages and a fair day's
work? Simply the rate of wages and
the length and intensity of a day's
work which are determined by competition of employer and employed in
the open market. And what are they
when thus determined?
A fair day's wages, under normal
conditions is the sum reuired to procure to the laborer the means of existence necessary according to the
standard of life of his station and
country, to keep himself in working
order and to propagate his race. The
'actual rate of wages, with the fluctuations of trade, may be sometimes
above, sometimes below, this rate;
but, under fair conditions, that rate
ought to be the average for all oscillations.
A fair day's work is that length of
working day and that Intensity of
actual work which expends one day's
full working power of the workman
without encroaching upon his capacity
for the Bame amount for the next and
following days.
The transaction, then, may be thus
described—the workman gives to the
capitalist his full day's working power
—that is, bo much of it as he can give
without rendering impossible the continuous repetition of the transaction.
In exchange he receives just as much,
and no more, of the necessaries of life
as is required to keep up the repetition of the same bargain every day.
The workman gives as much, the Capitalist gives as litle, as the nature of
the bargain will admit. This is a
very peculiar sort of fairness.
But let us look a little deeper into
the matter. As, according to political
economists, wages and working days
are fixed by competition, fairness
seems to require that both Bides
should have the same fair start on
equal termB. But that is not the case.
The capitalist, if he can not agree
with the laborer, can afford to wait,
and live upon his capital. The working man can not He has but wages
to live upon, and must therefore take
work when, where, and at what terms
he can get it. The workman has no
fair start. He is fearfully handicapped by hunger. Yet, according to political economy of the capitalist class,
that Is the very pink of fairness.
But this Is a mere trifle. The application of mechanical power and
machinery to new trades, and the extension and improvement to machinery in trades already subjected to It,
keep turning out of work more and
more "hands"—and they do so at a
far quicker rate than that at which
these superseded "hands" can be absorbed by, and find employment in,
the manufactures of the country.
TheBe superseded "hands" form a real
industrial army of reserve, for the
■use of capital. If trade is bad, they
may starve, beg, steal, or go to the
workhouse; if trade is good, they are
ready at hand to expand production;
and until the very last man. woman
and child of this army of reserve shall
have found work—which happens in
times of frantic overproduction alone
—until then will Hs competition keep
down wages, and by its existence
alone strengthen the power of capital
in its struggle with labor. In tbe race
with capital, labor is not only handicapped; it has to drag a annon ball
rlvetted to its foot. Yet tbat is fair
according to capitalist political economy.
But let us enquire of what fund
does capital pay these very fair
wages? Out of capital, of course But
capital produces no value. Labor la,
besides the earth, the only source of
wealth, capital itself is nothing but
stored-up produce of labor. So that
wages of labor are paid out of labor,
and the workingman is paid out of his
own produce.
According to what we call common
fairness, the wages of the laborer
ought to consist in the produce of his
labor of those who do work gets un
cording to political economy. On the
contrary, the workman gets out of the
produce no more than the bare neces-
caries of life. And thus the end of
this uncommonly "fair" race of competition is that the produce of the
labor of those who do work get unavoidably accumulatel in the hands of
those who do not work, aud becomes
in their hand the most powerful
means to enslave the very men who
produce lt,
A fair day's wages for a fair day'B
work! A good deal might he said
about the fair day's work, too, the
fairness of which Is perfectly on a par
with that of the wages. From what
has been stated, lt is pretty clear that
the old watchword has lived its day,
and will hardly holl water nowadays.
The fairness of political economy,
such as it truly lays down the laws
which rule actual society, that fairness is all on one side, on that of
capital. Let, then, tbe old motto be
buried forever and replaced by another:
POSSESSION OF THE MEANS OF
WORK—RAW MATERIAL, FACTORIES, MACHINERY—BY THE WORKING PEOPLE THEMSELVES—Frederick Engels.
SPLIT, SPLIT, SPLITI
SCIENTIST REPORTS ON
HEALTH   OF  CHILDREN
Washington, Wednesday, Aug. 14.—
Of the 20,000,000 school children In
this country not less than 75 per cent,
"need attention today for physical defects which are prejudicial to health
and which are partially or completely
remediable." This Is the finding of
Dr. Thomas D. Wood, Professor of
Physical Education in the Teachers'
College, Columbia University, New
York, and it is published for free distribution by the United States Bureau
of Education.
"Careful study of statistics and estimation of all conditions leads to the
following personal conclusions," writes
Dr. Wood:
"From one-half to two per cent., or
400,000,' of these have organic heart
disease.
"Probably five per cent., or 1,000,000
at least, have now or have had tuberculous disease of the lungs.
"About five per cent., or 1,000,000,
have spinal curvature, flat foot, or
some other moderate deformity serious
enough to Interfere to some degree
with health.
"Over five per cent, or 1,000,000,
have' defective hearing.
"About twenty-five per cent., or
5,000,000, are suffering from malnutrition, in many cases due in part at least
to one or more of the other defects
enumerated.
Much Throat Disease
"Over thirty per cent, or 6,000,000,
have enlarged tonsils, adenoids or enlarged cervical glands which need attention.
"Over fifty per cent., or 10,000,000
(in some schools as high as ninety-
eight per cent), have defective teeth
which are interfering with health.
"Several millions of the children
possess each two or more of the handicapping defects.
"About one hundred cities in the
United States have as many different
kinds of organizations for the care of
health in the schools.
"The most important of all our national resources is the health of the
people. The most valuable asset ln our
capital of national vitality is the health
of the children.
"Public education ls the logical, the
strategic and the responsible agency of
the nation, of each State and of each
community for the conservation and
enhancement, of child health.
"To become an effective Instrument
for the protection and promotion of
child health It is essential that the
school should not only be a sanitary,
healthful place for children, but that
the various agencies ln public education should be so organized that each
pupil may be given the best possible
opportunity to escape weakness and
disease and, far more, to realize the
attainable best in growth, in development of biologic, intellectual, moral,
social and economic power."
Could any more damning indictment
be written of the capitalist system
than this? Think of it! Seventy-five
per cent, of the nation's future citizens
suffering in childhood from aliments
that will in all probability handicap
them for life—if our existence today
can be given such a name.
Remember, also, that the vast majority of these are the children of the
working class. Remember, too, that
the rotten food, unsanitary conditions
and physical weakness transmitted
from overworked parents are the
causes of this.
And back of this Is the lesson we
Socialists are eternally teaching, that
all of this suffering, present and future
misery, is due to the habit we workers
have formed of allowing oar bosses to
take the lion's share of our product,
to keep for themselves and their wives
and children, while we neglected to
think of ours.
To hell with such a system. Organize your might and let us overthrow it
—if not for our own sake, for our
children's sake.
Keep everlastingly at lt, this task of
making revolutionists. F. S. F.
CAN
It seems remarkable that no sooner
does a political party get settled
in its attitude toward the realization of I
its object, .then just so soon does it
begin to split up in various sections
and factions, lt has been so in the
United States and Canada, but more
so in this country. It is well for us to
know the history of the Socialist movement. What affects England and Canada also affects every other country.
In the British Isles, however, it is
more pronounced. The question as to
whether such breaking up in the party
is good or a detriment Ib perhaps a
highly debatable point. I hope some
others will give their opinions on the
matter. Euch secession is to a certain extent a healthy sign of mental
development or its reverse. Disagreement on matters that are not fundamental, of course, does not count. Further, the question of how far the disagreement is fundamental ls no doubt
the important factor.
To the inquirer into the splits it Ib
plain that the main reason for it lays
upon the plank of Reform. What IS
Reform? What IS Revolutlno? Between those two words, or rather the
interpretation given to them.there is
much difference, and It is fundamental. In the United States the split between the Socialist Labor Party and
the Socialist Party was on the question, "Who Pays the Taxes?" plus a
grievance in the Trades Union situation. In Canada the various parties
arising out of the Socialist Party of
Canada have been formed because of
the reform position, or, as some would
say, from the lack of it. For the present it is Immaterial, for this article
is intended to deal with the growth of
splits in England..
The Social Democratic Federation
was formed by a lot of disgruntled
Radicals in 1881. Soon after (1884)
the Fabion Society was formed. Then
there is another split from the S. D.F.,
who formed the Socialist League.
Many of the latter return repentant to
the fold (S. D. F.). In 1893 the I. L. P.
is formed because of the ineffective
propaganda of the S. D. F. In the last
year of the nineteenth century the Labor Representation Committee gets on
its feet, presumably because of inability of both I. L. P. and S. D. F. to fill
the bill. Meantime In the S. D. F. discontent was prevaling because of the
treacherous policy carried by the Executive Council. Arrangements for
mutual defense by the discontented
took place between the London and
Scottish branches, but nevertheless
two members were expelled in 1903
by undemocratic methods. This
"riled" the Scotch members and some
ot them formed the Socialist Labor
Party. The S. L. P., though they seceded on what they termed revolutionary lines, still maintained a series of
"immediate demands" in their "program." The year fololwing, 19094, another split took place In the S. D. F.,
this time the new party Immediately
formed, calling itself the Socialist Party of Great Britain, better known in
Canada as the S. P. of G. B. Since
1903 the S. L. P. has been in a constant foment. That party changing
their attitude on almost every question of importance, and even on matters of no import whatever. There
has been divisions in their ranks,
splits upon splits on the question of industrial unionism. The party pronounced itself Anarchist, then got back to
its original position. But now they
have got to the Bame position as that
of the S. P. G. B. on one question.
This is what has played havoc with
the S. L. P. and caused much uneasiness ln the S. P. of G. B.
What would be the attitude of the
M. P. elected to parliament towards
reforms?
The S. P. G. B. have answered "wait
and see" what happens; the condition
at the time prevailing will determine
their action. A "split" took place
and two new "Socialist" organizations
were formed, namely, "THE Socialist
Party" and the "Socialist/ Union."
The former, "THE Socialist Party,"
is simply an organization of confused
anarchists; the latter, a few conscientious men who believe the S. P. G.
B. wrong. The split originally in the
party was of "big" proportions, but
now most of the seceders have rejoined, the ranks or are hopelessly floundering ln a sea of reaction.
In the S. L. P., however, the question of reform haa caused another
split. The official attitude of that
party is that they would vote for certain reforms. The result ls that many
members have left the party and cannot join another. Sooner or later this
question will come up for final settlement, which will result in a consolidation of forces, to make a better attack upon capitalism. But what Ib to
be the basis of settlement? Ib it to
be the S. P. G. B., S. L. P. position,
or is it to be that which says the duty
[of a Socialist Party is always to oppose capitalist measures? Is it to
be that a Socialist minority will introduce "Socialistic" measures, or is
It to be—well, perhaps there are others who will take up this question.
The writer at least is of opinion that
the Socialist haB no business to assist
ln the administration of the capitalist
system, except to take advantage of
its delinquencies and oppose it in every way possible.
So far those of my opinions are in
an awkward and enormous minority.
MOSES BARITZ.
A  CHRISTIAN   BE  A  SOCIALIST?
Mr. Workingman, you have no rights
and never wlll unless you take a hand
in the capturing of the forces of government.
We are going to cut out the pamphlet offer that we are making with
every dollar sub In a couple of weeks.
Get your dollar on Its way here at
once.
Can a latter-day Christian be a Socialist? No, no! emphatically, no!
There is no place in Socialism for the
species. Until the individual has renounced the sham, and milk-soppiness
of modern religion, then, and then
only, can she or he become a Socialist.   And now to elucidate..
Christian defined demands an animated profession of the faith, and. a
leva! r.r.lfrente to the do-'irice wh'eh
the gentle Nazarene whom we are
taught to believe waa inaflible, left
behind. Chrystallzlng it to a brief
simplification He taught: "The solidarity of race and brotherhood of man"
under the universal banner of love.
Is the all-conquering banner unfurled to the breeze today? Are the
principles lived up to within even
one letter? Were the Master to revisit this sordid earth today would
He find the working properties of His
munificent legacy to His liking? Methinks He would speedily ascend to
realms above (or anywhere), HiB
lips forming the slbllation, "Sodom and
Gomorrah," and retribution would be
swift.
The "whys" and "wherefores" of the
existing condition of things in regard
to the spiritual welfare of humanity
will stand a little investigation, so I
will take it in hand to dissect the
sky-pilot for the edification of the few
who have not yet seen the light as administered by the cudgel of law, decency and order wielded recently by
policemen In the progressive city of
famous Vancouver.
The pious man in the pulpit tells
you primarily: "Blessed be the poor
for they shall see God." The question naturally arises, why should there
be any poor? The good God gave to
us, or at least ushered ub Into a world
of plenty without our leave. The first
knowledge we gleaned was, all men
are born equal. When we arrived at
man's estate and discerned the struggle for existence, without hesitation
we threw the puerility along with patriotism into the limbs of the past,
where it lies beyond resusitatlon. Our
spiritual adviser then told us that to
labor by the sweat of our brow for
our daily bread was noble and dignified. In another breath he warned us
to be frugal, thrifty, marry, raise families and put aside a competence for a
rainy day and old age. And yet In another breath he caution, "Take no heed
of tomorrow, tomorrow will take care
of itself." Finally he wound up by
Impressing indellibly upon us the allegiance to our sovereign—the Lord's
annointed—our respect for the flag
which gave us freedom, and the servility due our master—or boss, who
graciously permits us to work for a
living when the work so generously
given assured him profits.
Thus it wlll be seen from the Beginning our parson digressed from the
fundamental principle that all men
were born equal. Conslcously or unconsciously by his dlversioatlons he
unfolded to our perception the world
was composed of but two classes—
the rich and the poor; but beyond
that fact he was Inarticulately dumb.
For an explanation of the cause of
social estrangdment, or an inkling as
to how to bridge the gap, with the rich
in power on one Bide who worked not,
and the poor on the other, who trafficked with their labor power—btooa
and energy, we had to go elsewhere—
far distant from the pale of the
church to learn from men who had
the courage of their convictions to
voice them aloud.
When the scale of justice has not
an abiding place ln the temple of the
most holy of holies it is to be deduced
its doctrine is false, and Its expounders imposters. Then why, you ask, are
our so-calle.i God-fearing men allowed
to retain their sinecures If they repudiate the truth and teach a Utopian
hereafter of splendor to monarch and
peasant alike? You are pardonally Inclined to the belief that If inequality
reigns here upon earth, as a matter of
course the goodly land will be a replica.
The reason the pilots do not come
out with the emblazoned truth is,
they are emiasariea of the rich, i. e.,
paid representatives of the capitalist
clas, who, to. continue on in languid,
unperturbed opulence, pay him according to the superstitious logic with
which he smothers the voluminous
mutterings of the masses. Were he
to do otherwise he would simply lose
his gratuitous position and a legion ot
young students, anxious for favors,
would Immediately step up to take his
place, whilst the ousted, forced to the
majority, would have to work for his
living.
There is nothing so despicable as
men to culture to voice opinions contrary to their convictions for worldly
remuneration. To treat one's mental
asquisition as a commodity is sad
enough, but to espouse a class which
they know to be parasites riding on
the backs of the half starved, overworked producers, because might ls
on the side of the upper dog in the
shape of dollars, legislation, military
and luxurious earthly comfort, is the
unpardonable sin mentioned ln the
book they love to fondle and Interpret
so ludicrously. Yet our pulplt-treaders
who are alive to the situation, 1. e„
class-conscious, are guilty of all that,
and aa long as they wear the" gown
and cassock they are a living He to
Break your chains-
AND GO BACK TO THE LAND
160 ACRES
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and Pre-emptions
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their Master, themselves, and their fel-
lowman. Some there are who have
courageously stepped down from their
false pedestals and the transformation
to Christianity, the religion of the Master taught dated from that hour.
To accuse Socialists of railing at
Christianity Is the Big-Gun-Shot of the
capitalist class. Temporarily they
have won by it, and salaried spouters
of anarchy in their employ quite a following, consisting chiefly of the female
portion of humbler society. As for the
female species in high society, she
refuses to be moved by gunshot, spirituality or scandal. When the revolution is here she will simply he sotto
voice, step down from her pinnacle of
ill-gotten gain and dovetail into her
niche like her dainty pink fist Into an
old glove.
The educated know that when the
equal distribution of wealth is a reality, vice and crime will disappear, the
fruitful earth will supply the wants of
all, class dstinction wil be given eter-
na oblvion, there will be no wars, no
need for miitary cohorts living on the
cahrity of the nation. Penitentiaries
will go to the junk heap, and the grafters who exploited prison labor will be
in turn forced to perform their manual function ln order to live in a country where all are equal and where
the vardinal virtues will be Love,
Equality  and  a Fearles Future.
ThlB is the new order of things that
a puny, privileged few are pleased
to term anarchy. Were they not
blinded by the dazzling, perishable
lure they might perceive the Christianity In the coming bloodless war which
a Master hand bequeathed to downtrodden humanity. Oh, you muttheads
who have not yet been beaten by the
policeman's club Into a sense ot your
position in Bociety, get wise to the
game. Enroll under the blood-red
banner of social democracy which
leads the way to freedom,
D. ENIS.
Quite a lot of workingmen claim that
the working class have not enough
brains to run Industry, but it is vice
versa—they have the brains to run
industry, but not enough brains to
OWN the industry.
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