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Western Clarion Jul 3, 1909

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Array THIi IN
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, July 3, 1909.
subscription Price  tni It ft
How Benevolence and Humanltarianism May Be Harnessed
to the Car of Mammon.
Port Sunlight has been the subject
of comment In our columns before,
but there still remains much that can
be usefully discussed in connection
with the model suburb which graces
one bank of the Mersey. One of the
most curious facts concerning It is,
lhat people will insist upon regarding
• the place as the oulcome of the bubbling benevolence of Mr. Lever, and
this in spite of the frequent disclaimers of Ihe man who should know most
about it—Mr. Lever himself. Time
and again has he aserted that no feeling of philanthropy prompted his erection of Port Sunlight, but thai, on the
contrary, the Bchenie was dictated by
sound business principles. That the
principles were sound, the commercial
success of Lever Bros, renders self-
evident. Yet Port Sunlight is not
withoul its lessons.
"Labor and Housing at Port Sunlight," Is the tide of a newly published book by W. L. George, and those
of us who have neither time now perhaps inclination to pay "Leverton" a
visit, can by the aid of Mr. George's
book form some sort of opinion as to
Its merits and demerits. One need
not even waste one's substance in
purchasing the book, for Mr. T. P.
O'Connor has obligingly descanted upon lt at some length in the issues of
his "Weekly" for .March 19th and 26th.
Apart from the feeling of nausea that
T.P.'s own sloppy comment inspires,
the articles are worth a perusal. Hero
is an example of T.P.'s comment. "On
almost every window sill you see proof
of that inner grace of spirit and of
domestic idealism in boxes of flowers."
Lower down in the same column—"Ihe
keeping of Ihe gardens is not an individual but a corporate duty. At first
they were left to the care of the individual owner, but it was found that
the system did nol work, and that the
plots were diverted to chicken-runs,
and even dustbins." So that it would
seem that "grace of spirit" and domestic idealism were equal to the circumscribed area of a window box, but
when offered the latitude of a garden
plot could only find expression in
chicken-runs nnd dustbins! One is inclined to think that T. P. has sacrificed sense for sonorousness.
Another instance. T. P. laments
that the girls he saw in the United
•States were scraggy, yellow-skinned,
mere rags of that being of grace and
beauty which a woman ought to be.
"It wasn't because the girls dldn'l
have wages enough to pay for good
food; lt was sheer Ignorance, the childishness that girls often retain even
when they have got to womanhood-
above all, the want of organization and
of some fine, kindly, and practical
spirit such as he who presides over
the destinies of Port Sunlight." Fine
wind-up to that sentence. He speaks
of tho stupid, childish way in which
the hard-worked girls took their food.
It consisted of everything that was
childish and unnourishlng—sweets, Icecreams, puff tarts and then perhaps
pickles. And T. P. opines that this
state of things Is owing to ignorance-
sheer childish ignorance. Not a word
about the physical and mental condition of a girl who has done a day on
the linotype, in a dressmaker's den,
or In a soap works. He does not ask
why a "fine, kindly spirit" employs'
girls at all when hundreds of men with
families dependent upon them tramp
the streets ln search^ of a master. But
we know. It Is because he Is not
only "fine and kindly," hut also extremely "practical." How does Mr.
Lever deal with the feeding of his
1 slaves? On the very practical principle of "the better the pasture the
better the milk." A girl can have an
excellent meal for fourpence, and can
eat to repletion for flvepence ln the
Hulme Hall, so kindly provided by the
"fine, kindly spirit," etc., Mr. Lever.
Dear old T. P. observes, "This hall is
run by the firm and lt pays its way—
which is all that Ib wanted from the
float  Gradgrind  point of view,  for
well-fed workpeople are far more productive lo their employer than those
who are underfed c, unhealthily fed.
As is so often the case when one con
siders the problem, the interest of the
employer and the employee is iden
lical, though how comparatively few of
either class recognize that dominating
fact." After which there does not appear to be much to be said—but one
can think a lot.
The Interests of the butcher and
the calf are identical because Ihe more
the calf eats the sooner will It be
killed and the more will the butcher
realize on Its carcass. Excellent reasoning,  Mr. O'Connor.
However, it is Interesting to learn
that the average death-rate of Port
Sunlight is 8 per 1,000 as compared
with the adjacent town of Liverpool's
20. Its birth-rate of 42 per 1,000 compares favorably with Liverpool's 30.7,
Sussex's 21.3, and all England and
Wales' 27.5. We are assured that the
Sunllghter Is very temperate, only one
licensed house being allowed on the estate, although thirteen houses of refreshment flourish on the edge of the
village. The annals of the sublime
suburb are only besmirched by the
record of one elopement, and Illegitimacy is practically unknown. The Infant mortality Is 70 per 1,000 as
against  Liverpool's 140.
It is Impossible in an article of this
size to analyse all the facts and to
deal with them in extenso, but o.io
moral we might deduce from the foregoing appears to be that even a very
moderate betterment of the conditions
of existence results in the development
of individuals capable of greater productivity; possessed of greater power
of resistance to disease; better men
and women generally. Whilst admitting thai the statistics quoted show
Port Sunlight in a very rosy light,
compared with the Paradise Alleys
nd courts of Liverpool and London,
we do not hesilale to point oiit that
that condition of things is intimately
connected with mid dependent upon
the primal factor—il pays. As we
have said, Mr. Lever has disclaimed philanthropy of motive, but It
would seem that he is by no means
adverse to that impression being current, as witness Ihe following. T. P.
Bays the purpose of Port Sunlight is.
as its founder and master spirit put
it, "to socialize and Christianize business relations, and get back again In
tho office, factory and workshop, to
that close family brotherhood that existed in the good old days of hand-
labor." We will now see how he does
The Blrkeitlnad News for March
13th prints an account of the lBth
annual meeting of the shareholders
of Lever Bros. Mr. Lever in the
course of his report made Ihe following statement, Referring to the village Inslltuti' is he said, "The schools
continued to nourish and they had
Instituted a departure with reference
to higher education. They certainly
felt that they were justified in making a rule which they had made that
every employe between the ages of
14 and 18 Inclusive must attend continuation classes, and that otherwise
they would not take them to work.
. . . He thought the maintenance
of a high standard of intelligence and
efficiency was involved in this question of continuation classes. (Applause.) Many of their young people,
If they were not forced into taking
these classes, would very likely be
forced out of their service later on
by Inefficiency, when they were shoulder to shoulder with the pick of the
men the company were able to get
from all over the country."
Here you observe the process of
"Christianizing" in full swing. The
employes are forced to attend the
classes and attain a high standard of
efficiency or they are forced into being invested with that eminently
Christian Institution—the Order of the
Sack.   Another Instance of the plaa-
tic   and    accommodating   nature   of
Mr. Lever then explained briefly another ennobling influence which had
been brought to bear upon the Sun-
lighters—the co-partnership scheme.
"No words of his would be sufficiently
weighty to express the great impor-
j tance of the scheme on the future of
the business. They would then have
j what luey had always looked forward
I to—a feeling of brotherhood and part-
I nership in that great undertaking. It
I was not enough to have benefit funds
| and nice houses. They wanted the
direct personal responsibility which
tills scheme gave. He had always been
opposed .to profit-sharing, and was yet,
but he felt that in giving certificates
which would be perfectly valueless
unless the business continued to prosper and to make more than 5 per
cent, to the ordinary shareholder, in
putting it on that footing and in making a man realize that the value or
the certificates depended upon his
own efforts and the united efforts of
all the employes—he felt that they
had been able to link loss-sharing with
profit-sharing, and it seemed to him
that it was past the wit of man to
adopt any other scheme with their employes. He commended the scheme
most strongly to their favofable consideration (applause)."
Comment is almost superfluous.
Co-partnership was dealt with in a
recent issue of this paper, and was
effectually shown to be a hollow sham
from the point of view of the worker.
Note in the above that the certificates
are valueless unless the business
makes over 5 per cent, to the ordinary shareholders, and that their value
depends upon the strenuousness of the
Individual undergoing the Christianizing process. Are we to gather that
when the Sunllghter has been educated up to the highest possible efficiency, strenuousness, and productivity (to his employer) then has he, or
she, got back to the "close family
brotherhood that existed in the good
old days of hand labor?"   Are we to
understand that the effort to Christianize business relations has then
been successful? If so we are inclined to think the claims of paganism have been neglected. If this represents the family brotherhood of the
good old days of hand labor, then we
cease to wonder why Columbus went
In search of a new world.
It is Just as "true of Port Sunlight
as it was shown to be of Bournville
in a recent issue that the -benevolence
of the capitalist is akin to the "hail,
fellow, well met!" of the professional
sharper, who heartily grips you with
his right hand while he goes through
your pockets with his left, The Dally
Chronicle representative who visited
Krupp's model village at Essen was
no. less struck with the beauty and
order prevailing there than with the
fact that all their apparent advantages
were so many chains binding the employes to the firm—chains wrapped in
cotton wool. The pension funds, priv
ilege tickets, cheap houses, co-opera'
tive stores, etc., of the railways have
the same object In view, besides in
eidentally cheapening the cost of liv
lng of the worker, and thus enabling
him to exist on a comparatively small
However, the lesson is there: it re
mains for the proletariat to learn Stand act. Do not lose sight of the Inevitable consequences of efficiency and
strenuousness—the much belauded
capitalist virtues. Remember that
even If a single capitalist controlled
Ihe soap market, or any other market
of the world, his production will al
ways be limited by the capacity of
that market. The more efficient you
are the greater the amount of wealth
you will be able to produce. The more
strenuous you become the sooner you
flood the market. The harder you
work the quicker you get the sack and
the sooner do your energies fail and
you become too old. Simple reasoning, isn't it? If you think It is sound,
join our party and tell your friends.
If you don't keep but, and tell us.—
Wilfred, in Socialist Standard.
"Abject Mean and Vile, Begging a Brother of This Earth to „
Give You Leave to Toil."
Here and there we hear objections to get him fired.   Anything more CUT'
(By Amator Veritatis)
Apropos of the strike of Japanese
plantation hands In Hawaii, I recall
a bit of conversation I had on a train
some time ago with one of the biggest sugar men in the islands. His
point of view was certainly thought
compelling and full of real value.
Needless to say, the planter did not
know my political complexion, or he
wouldn't  have loosened up as he did
Our talk had drifted from one thing
to another,  from trusts  to  tariff and
from panics to presidents, until (somel
what guided by my questions) it land-j
ed  on  that sore topic,  labor.
"Humph!" growled the planter, pols-l
lug his Havana In midair.    "Humph!
Labor!     Say.   It's  going   all   to   hell,,
down  there  on  the  islands,  do  you!
know It?"
"How so?" I inquired. With Interest.j
"Well, this way:    It's getting new-'
tangled    Ideas,    Imported    from    the
Stales.    It's  beginning  to get uppish i
and   Insolent—beginning  to  organize'
and  demand  Ihlngs—to  want   shorter
hours,   more  pay,  and   all  that   sort
of thing.    Even to talk about strikes!
Think of that, will you?   A strike In
Hawaii!     Say!"
"Too bad," I sympathized.
"Yes, Blr," he continued, puffing excitedly. "And all due to labor union
ideas creeping in there among those
Kanakas and Japs. It's an outrage,
I tell you! Why, years ago when I
first started In the business, who ever
heard of such a thing? But now it's
everywhere. Oh, the place is going
to hell, fast—all due to United States
Influences, every bit. I'd ha' shut 'em
all out, Ideas, American workmen and
all. But no; they've been creeping In,
creeping In, and Lord knows what'll
happen there yet. Why, even the
Kanakas may organize in time, and
then where shall we be?"
"Terrible!" I murmured. "They've
been dying off a bit, haven't they,
those brown fellows? Rum and the
white man's diseases have sort of
thinned them out, eh? So Stoddard
says In his books, anyhow."
"Yes.   When the islands were dls-
to Socialist speakers and writers calling the working-class slaves; not from
outside the Socialist movement only,
but often from members of the party.
The evil, if there be any, must hinge
on the truth of the assertion. If the
working class are slaves, obviously
their position must gall them, when
they recognize that fact, for ignorance
is truly bliss in this respect, because
if the name so galls, how much more
so must the condition; surely if they
resent being called slaves they will
also resent being slaves. If, on the
other hand, they be free men, then do
the aforementioned gentlemen malign
and causelessly vex the workers.
What Is a slave?
A human being bound to another
and subject to his will. Shelly says
of slavery:
" 'Tis to work and have such pay
As just keep life from day to day
In your limbs, as in a cell,
For the tyrant's use to dwell.
So that ye for them are made,
Loom,  and  plough,  and   sword,   and
Wllh or without your own will, bent
On their defence and nourishment.
'Tis to be a slave in soul
And to hold no strong control.
Over your own will, but be
All that others make of ye.
This is slavery—savage men
Or wild beasts within a den
Would endure not as ye do
But such Ills they never knew."
rishly servile it would be hard to 0O«« .
Certainly if similarity goes for any.
thing the modern worker Is a slave,
but some times appearances are deceit'
ful.   So let us probe a little deeper,
Abraham Lincoln, when a young
man, saw, while on a trip to New Or'
leans, some slaves sold at auction.
We are told he got very angry and
turned away with these words, "If1
ever I get a chance to hit that hellish
custom, I will do so." To see tu»
prospective buyer walking around feeling the limbs of the slave, looking at
the teeth, etc., was more than he
could stand. And when one cornea to
think of it, is it not the most degrading position a human being can occupy,
to have some other individual handle
and inspect one with the intent t#
purchase him? The form of buying
and' selling which caused the outbutit
of Lincoln has passed away, but art"
other scarcely less offensive, has taken
its place.
It Beems to me that this traffic is the
true criterion of the worker's position,
the definite reason for calling him ■
slave, and the actual proof of his slavish condition. Apart from the fact
that he, himself, appears in the labor
market and offers his energy for hire,
we have numerous employment- •
agencies which traffic in human fldifl
by a very thinly veiled method, Hut
the examining process is absent, and
that fact makes the dose less bitter.
The other day, however, I picked UP"
a magazine, "The Hotel Monthly," containing an advertisement which for \
This covers exactly the position otjflaEra,,t brutality and open disregard
the modern wage-earner. Burns |tor appearances, equals if not excels
speaks of his position as:
covered I understand there were
200,000 or more natives, and now
there are only about 30,000 of Hawaiian  blood.    Beside  that—"
"These unions," the planter Interrupted, not heeding my mild statistics, "are going to wreck the whole
place, that's what. To say nothing
of the climate and the damned oranges
and bananas and breadfruit. Damn a
breadfruit," anyway!" He gazed out
of the car window wllh visible wrath.
"Why say thai?" I asked. "The
fruit's very good, Isn't it? Very
nourishing and dirt  cheap?"
"Yes, hang It—that's just. Ihe point!
Don't   you   sec?''
"No,  not exactly," I admitted.
"Why. It's just this way. Suppose
you have a bunch of men working for
yon, and they don'i like the hours or j
the pay, and the woods are full of
fruit—climate's mild- living's easy to|
get—what happens? Tbe bloody rascals  —simply  walk out!    They  work
when they please and they quit when
they please, and they go and He under
a blank-blank frull nee and eni fruit, i
And profits go to the devil! Now, if
all the fruit and stuff could be fenced
In on private [.round, there'd be some
show, but as II Is—rotten conditions,
rotten, vile!"
"But you're speaking of Ihe former
days. I take it?" said I. "The land is
being protected now, I  infer?"
He smoked a moment in silence before replying.
"Yes, lhank Cod." said he. "But just
as we were getting the swine where
they ought to be, along came American labor and Japanese labor and all
these new fool Ideas and began to
upset Ihlngs again. Oh, It's hard luck,
something savage."
The train thundered past a switchyard, then flashed by tt large pile of
iron rails, a car shop, a factory.
"Now, there," exclaimed the planter, with vehemence. "Is something
like! This country has certainly got
things cinched. You turn men loose
here and they'll find it blamed poor
picking. Just let them try to sit in
the shade of that factory, or gnaw
"Abject, mean and vile,
Begging a brother of this earth
To give him leave to toll."
This he undoubtedly is, In his actions, not only in seeking a boss, but
in holding down a job. I have lately
visited camps where men simply (hire
not. call their mind their own. They
would, when the boss cracked a joke,
like Goldsmith's children, "laugh at
his jokes, for many a joke had he."
And also:
"Full  well  the  busy  whisper circling
Conveyed  the dismal  tiding that  he
I have had men give a dollar to the
Western Clarion, bin would not hear
of its coming to them lu that camp,
because if found reading It. Il would
mean the straight kick. I remember
bearing one man go Into hysterics,
almost, a> finding a copy of the Clarion
In his garden, saying. in<e the old Jew-
lab farmer who found tares in his
wheal Held, "An enemy litis done this."
It may seem absurd but he actually
made the assertion thai sonic one
had done it with the deliberate intent
those rails there, or lunch on bricks
and mortar, and they'll devilish soon
get enough nnd quit. But out In
Hawaii, even yet, the bloody climate
and the fruit and all make ihlngs
pretty near impossible for us solid
citizens. There ought to be something done about labor out there,
that's what, sir, that's what!"
"There will be before so very long,"
I replied, confidently.
"Let's hope so! They need a lesson, those fellows do!"
"They do," I concurred. "So does
labor everywhere, to leach lt certain
valuable facts. Well, good-day. I've
enjoyed your conversation tremendously. "Good-bye.1.1 I got up and weni
forward Into the next car*
The last I heard of my planter was
mutterings and grumblings of indignation, through which like lightning
through thunderpeals, darted forth:
"Damn an orange, sir! Damn a banana! Damn a breadfruit! That's
what! Damn a blank blank breadfruit!—Daily Socialist.
the block and auction hammer of antl-
Ibellura 'lays in America.
"Microscopic Inspection."
In very large letters attracts the eye,
and I hen one sees a stern-faced Indl-
vdtial holding some men and women
on one hand, and examining them
through a powerful magnifying glass),
while among other things one may
read Ihe following:
"Employees secured through us are
of the right sorl. They are not only
criticized personally by us, but their
records arc Invariably investigated tor
a period of least ten years, and oolK
those of clean records are sent to All
positions of any kind. Thousands of
the best men and women are listed
with us and are at your service on
short notice. None but capable, reliable, sober people are carried mi OUf
The examination of the chattel slave,
although while physical, stopped
there. But here we have a bunch of
■laves offered tor sale whose record!
bave been Investigated for at least ten
This fad is significant enough, when
considered socially, but when we come
to contemplate li from the viewpoint
of the Individual, when I look at It
and consider how it affects mo, the
effect is staggering. When there are
thousands of such good and desirable
slaves on the market, how am I, an
undesirable, going to dispose of my
energy, The situation is almost appal-
Then we have the laborer appearing
personally in the labor market, abstracted from his labor-power and selling It, and kick he never so vigorously, by that fact selling himself, hi*
Wife and children, jusl as actually Bf
a farmer sells eggs. The fact that he
himself is the seller does nol. mitigate,
though it may obscure the'degradation
of being sold. What matters that
you sell yourselves year ln and year
out. at so much per hour, or are sold
out right. Where is the difference between being the personal property of
an individual and being attached oonv
pulsaiily to the property of a elf'!,
providing you can produce prof !s, and
If you can't, turned loose to starve,
steal or slaughter?
8ATURDAY, JULY 3, 1900.
lie festers ton
VuMUhed every Saturday by tbe
■octallat Party of Canada, at tbe Office
•f tbe  Weetern   Clarion,   Flack   Blook
■•st, 166 Baitings Street, Vancou-
■ C.
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•ox 838. Tanoouver, B. C
Why shouldn't they? We're easy and
we foot the bill. And are patient and
forbearing and industrious and thrifty.
They are out to enjoy life while they
live. We'll furnish the coffins and
take care of their widows and orphans.
Of course, once in a while they put
on that sad look and tell us that
wealth does not bring happiness and
that the poor are really much happier than the rich, and we are visibly
impressed and make up our minds
never to get rich. But did any of us
ever 'notice any of them getting in a
hurry to be poor and patient and forbearing and Industrious and thrifty
and happy?
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription expire* the
next issue.
SATURDAY, JULY 3,  1909.
The poor have a number of regret-
-able virtues and    a few    redeeming
-viees.    The rich frequently denounce
the vices of the poor and occasionally
-praise  their virtues,    wherein    they
show much keener discernment than
the poor, who, mistakenly, are somewhat ashamed of their vices and often  inordinately  proud  of  their  virtues, for their vices are detrimental
to the interests of their masters, while
their virtues are detrimental to their
Among the most regretable of their
' virtues are those of patience and forbearance.    They  have  patiently   endured their masters for centuries and
have  forborne  to  exterminate  them,
which proves their patience and forbearance to be   colossal.     The   poor,
indeed, are as "a strong ass between
two burdens."   With patience and for-
•-bearance they carry the grievous bur-
dea ot their own poverty and the vast
hoard of their master's wealth.
Otner cardinal virtues of the poor
are their industry and thrift, for either
ot which It Is hard to forgive them.
Were they not so Industrious they
would refuse to be worked so hard
and so much, instead of which, so Industrious are they that they clamor
for work when there is no work to
- be done, and misguided enthusiasts,
thoroughly convinced that industry is
praiseworthy and deserving of encour-
- agement, have sought, in the name of
• the poor, to have laws enacted to find
ways and means to provide them with
work, after they have already done
all work that Is necessary and a great
-deal that Is quite unnecessary besides.
There Is little hope for the poor until
it dawns upon them that, when there
is no more work for them, it is a sure
Indication that they have at any rate
• done enough, if not too much, and
that it is time for them to rest and
' enjoy the fruits of their industry.
As for their thrift, when it Is considered how industrious they are, Ihe
•very Idea that they should need to be
thrifty Is absurd. They, however,
seem firmly imbued with Ihe idea that
thrift is the secret of wealth, while in
reality it is the hall-mark of poverty.
"Exactly how soon they can expect to
he millionaires when they do well
when they save $(5.a.r> ln three weeks,
we "require to know." Their thrift
makes them wear shoddy clothes, eat
shocking bad victuals and Inhabit
shacks. Whereas, were they unthrifty
enough to insist on spending all they
cam they would soon be the wealth
icBt people in the land for they earn
every last dollar that is spent.
We didn't come here to work or to
aave money lo buy us coffins, We
came here to live and we should Insist
on living now. When we're dead we
nevor can tell how long we'll be dead.
So we Bhould quit this business of
running a charitable home for Hie
corpulent and insist that we get us
much to eat as our stomachs will
stand for and as much to drink as
our heads will; that, the very
best clothes and the most comfortable
bouses are not a bit too good for us,
and that, when we have worked up
enough of these ihlngs to do us for
a spell, we have a perfect right to go
fishing, or to do anything else, except
work. We should make up our minds
to have these things coming our way,
or know the reason why. And if we
go trying to know the reason why, we
will soon have things coming our way.
Let us take a pointer from the rich.
That isn't to say that wc should let
them give us a pointer. They bave
given us too many now nnd It hasn't
been for our good. But let us take
one. Are they Industrious? Or
thrifty? Or patient? Or forbearing?
Not much. They are fat and well-
clothed and Jolly, They don't go
around looking for work, yet they
bare a great deal more dignity than
we have. They are not practicing any
of the virtues they preach to us. In
fact, the only thing that really worries them is thai some day they may
have to. They spend mote in an
evening than we save in a lifetime.
The knowledge that there Is an "unemployed problem crying for solution"
having penetrated even the wilds of
British Columbia, a resident of that
country by the name of Hope, has
kindly solved It and has forwarded the
solution to the Right Honorable John
Burns, M. P., president of the Local
Government Board, London, England,
a gentleman who is reputed to be deeply interested In the aforesaid problem.
Having received "only a non-committal reply" from that dlgiiatory, he has
now published his view In pamphlet
form, no doubt for the edification of
the general public.
It Is one of the best solutions of the
problem we have ever heard of, its
chief defect being that, as it calls for
an expenditure of a mere trifle of $50,-
000,000, the unemployed cannot very
well apply it and nobody else will care
to try.
After all, about the only people
really Interested in finding a remedy
for unemployment are the unemployed. The general public certainly
doesn't care a curse, and lt would not
matter If they did. The master class
is very much opposed to the unemployed problem being solved, and rightly
so, for if the surplus labor were absorbed there would be no keeping the
workers within reasonable bounds in
the matter of wages and hours. Reasonable bounds meaning, of course, the
least possible wage for the longest
profitable hours.
Hence we might suggest that, while
solving the unemployed problem may
be a harmless amusement and a useful brain exercise for Mr. Hope, chess
problems would fill the bill quite as
well, and avert the expense of a pamphlet.
Of Mr. Hope's scheme little need
be said after it is noted that the first
thing necessary is a government loan
of $50,000,000 at 3 per cent. Such a
suggestion  Is  in  itself  absurd  when
lie opinion of the sheep to the detriment of their own digestions.
The corporations, so far from being foolish, are dead wise to the
game. They hold aces and the right
bower, so. why should they not play
for the limit?
The gentlemen who, together with
the usual "widows and orphans," are
the members of these corporations,
did not band themselves together for
the benefit of the public or for the
good of their health, but simply in
order to grab all the surplus value
they could away from anybody that
had any, presumably Unit vague, uncertain and elastic beuslle, "the public." It Is hardly likely they expected the public to like il. In fact, it is
altogether Improbable, that they took
even a moment's thought of the public's opinlen in the matter. They
know very well that from public opinion they have nothing lo fear, so long
as they hsve faithful political henchmen to serve them, and a judiciously
subsidized press lo point out how
well they serve the public. So long
as a stronger combination of widows
and orphans doesn't set them on the
hip, they have nothing to lose.
It Is idle to threaten them with
"municipal ownership" or with "government ownership," for, as the shadow of unreturnlng prosperity lengthens, and dividends become more un
certain, they are moving in that direction themselves. For it stands to reason that their government will buy
them out at their price, and, once Bold
out, their revenue will flow In much
more promptly and unerringly as interest on bonds than it might as dividends on stock, and that without any
worrlment In the matter of selecing
efficient directors and capable managers.
For our part we are only too well
pleased to see the public get all that's
coming to it from those foolish corporations. The Herald's public is
that cheese-paring fraternity engaged
in the genteel, if no longer lucrative,
occupation known as "business." The
jackals of capitalism they are, and
when the grey wolves get a few of
them the howl that goes heavenward
is music to our ears.
Soon there will be left only the proletariat and the plutocracy, shortly
subsequent to which the plutocracy
will be missing, and doubtless Its
widows and orphans aforesaid will be
in deeper mourning than ever.
Marx himself once wrote, "Labor is
not the source of all wealth.    Nature
is just ,as much the source    of    use
the'mo'ney Is so badly needed for the  values (aud lt ls ot these that material
building  'of   Dreadnoughts   in   order
that the shipyards may be enabled lo
declare dividends.
His idea is to settle the unemployed
wealth consists) as Is labor, which is
itself the manifestation of a natural
force—human labor power." And in
distingulshiag   in   this   way   between
in Canada preferably, "for Imperial i hm"au labo1' I)owcr an(1 lab01- Mttlx
reasons," on ten-acre farms with the i clealed awa3f a «reat dime""* at the
assistance of this loan, they to repay! beginning of his investigation. Marx
the cost with interest and a profit of!1" lalking about surplus value was not
say 20 per cent, to the"fund, on the' saying anything that was new. Other
land, houses, etc. They are to be j Political economists had said the same
settled  In  some locality  where  thev!lllinS-    But   by   differentiating   labor
j can raise fruit and cereals, etc., and
on land that can be plowed up with a
steam plow'. Also there is to be limber at hand so that there may be a
sawmill whence they can obtain the
lumber for their houses, etc. They are
also to be blessed with a number of
jam factories, flour mills and such
like. There are to be stores where
they can purchase and sell for coupons, for money is to be Interdicted
until their debts to the fund have been
paid off. The whole works is to be
administered by "honest and disinterested" officials. How heavenly! We
are almost tempted to resign two or
three of our jobs and join the ranks
of the unemployed. But that $50,000,-
000 loan!
Mr. Hope's premises are rather
naive. At theVery beginning he asks
us lo "agree thai every able-bodied
man Is entitled to work." Even this
sltnlpii! proposition Is Quite beyond
our limited powers of comprehension.
We should like Mr. Hope to demonstrate on what grounds any man, able
or   disabled,  Is  entitled   to  work.
Not that we are not deeply Interested in the "unemployed problem and
Ils solution." We believe every effort
should be made to bring the unemployed prominently into notice and to
Insist upon work being found for them.
For we know that work cannot be
found for them without wrecking the
capitalist system, and that the capitalist system will be wrecked if work!
Is not found for them.
Under the above caption the Calgary
Herald, In quite a fatherly tone, remonstrates with the corporations upon
the unwisdom of their ways'. According to il. they "seem lo be blind to the
trend of popular sentiment and doubly
blind to their own share in fostering
that sentiment, which is distinctly inimical lo their own financial interests.
Regardless of a movement which
threatens to sweep away tho privileges they possess, they go on defying
the public instead of conciliating II."
Just imagine a gentle shepherd lecturing a pack of hungry wolves on
the folly of going on defying the pub-
power from labor and by insisting upon social labor incorporated ill commodities as the constituent of value
in exchange, Marx made a great advance upon his predecessors.
The remarkable part of it is that
anyone should have ever had any
doubt about the exploitation of labor
under the wage system. There never
could have been any doubt under slavery that the whole of the product less
what it took to sustain the slaves
went into possession of the slave
owner. The same applied to the serf
under feudalism, with three or four
days for himself and two or three for
his master—the value of his labor
over and above his own maintenance
went Into the bunds of his feudal lord.
Under the family system of production, it was only the surplus over and
above the family's own requirements
llint went into exchange; but under
capitalism production for exchange has
become Ihe rule and not the exception.
That social labor embodied In commodities and Ihe amount necessary for
their reproduction does on the average govern value in exchange becomes
very apparent If we eliminate the ups
and downs of supply und demand In
any given society and take the case
of labor power applied to producing a
particular commodity from the same
raw material with simple hand labor
and with perfected machinery. Assuming the articles turned out to be
of exactly the Bame quality, it becomes apparent at once that Ihey will
exchange with other commodities on
precisely the same level, though the
one, deducting Iho raw material in
boih cases, may have cost ten or
twenty times the nmount of individual
expenditure of labor power that was.
demanded by the other. This siniplu
Illustration taken from a writer In
the I'all .Mall Gazette shows how ihe
social evaluation, relatively to other
commodities, conies behind the producers, unknown to them, and establishes the value of their products in
Wc perceive then that it is the ab-
solulely necessary quantity of ab-
strael social human labor embodied in
commodities that determines theiv
value.    \ow It Is perfectly clear that
on the average exchange is conducted
on an equality, and it makes no difference whether money comes In to
facilitate the exchange or not. Nobody ever could argue that equality of
exchange produced wealth. Neither
does inequality of exchange produce
wealth, unless It would be pretended
that we Increased wealth by passing
It around. The circulation of commodities does not increase their value
except Insofar as Increased labor is
required for the circulation.
Commodities sell, on the average,
when disturbing factors are eliminated, on the basis of the socially necessary human labor embodied In them.
The capitalist is able to buy the materials, coal, oil and the like, and Inst
of all, the labor power. Labor embodied in articles of no utility has no
value. Labor Is only of value when
embodied in articles of utility.
The form In which the purchase of
his labor power appears to the worker
is somebody employing him and paying him wages with which to live.
When the workers sell their laboi
liower to the employer for a day.
week or month, they are selling u
their masters their power to work foi
that master, and they become wage
slaves. That the present system is
a form of slavery workmen do no!
seem to understand. They are undej
the impression that they are free, be
cause they are free to sell themselve:
as slaves. The slave of old who hac
lo sell himself to pay his debts viewer
the  matter  otherwise.
The basis of the sale of labor powei
Is like that of other commodities, I.e.
the cost, In this case, of subsistence
whether the labor is skilled or unskilled. Taking the constant parts o1
capital, the raw materials, the in
cidental materials, the wear and tear
of tools and machinery, etc., there ls
no change as regards their value when
embodied in the commodity. The
labor power purchased by the capitalist is the only thing that can give
more of value than ils cost of production and of the value given forth
by labor the capitalist takes the larger
part. If a man (getting twelve dollars
a week for six days' work of (en
hours) produces two dollars In the
first five hours of a day. and he works
ten hours he gives five hours' labor
fer nothing; if he could manage to
stretch another hour, ho would give
six hours instead of five, an Increase
of twenty per cent. This accounts for
the capitalists' desire for long hours
and his opposition to any reduction.
An additional way of obtaining sur
plus value is by adulteration. This
has now become the rule and not the
exception. It has come to such a pitch
that the very drugs used for adulter
ating are themselves adulterated.
Yet another method of Increasing
surplus value Is by the speeding up
of machinery, by which a man nowadays takes more oul. of himself in ten
hours than he formerly did in twelve.
In the competitive struggle, the In
dividual capitalist might lose, but the
capitalist class always gains. Some
argue that the capitalist advances
wages, but any worker knows that he
has to work a week or a month be
fore he draws his wages. 1 have been
in places in Canada where the worli
ers' wages were live weeks overdue,
and the capitalist does not subsist him
during that time. The cupiialist, as
can be clearly proved, does not make
advances to the laborer, but It is the
laborer thai makes advances lo the
capitalist. It is Hie worker who advances his labor power. Labor power
is a perishable commodity and unemployed men find I heir labor power deteriorate very rapidly and many are
inefficient when taken into employment again, not because they are
lazy, but because they are hungry.
The worker is forced to sell his labor
power whatever the slate of the market may be and he has lo go on selling it, Although in some trades the
standard has been raised, yet there Is
a growing uncertainty of obtaining
that standard and the condillons have
actually been lowered in most trades.
For Its perfect fiincllonlng. the capitalist system requires a large number of unemployed in order to keep
down wages.
Some people say that a machine
adds to the value of a commodity, lt
is precisely the other way about—
machinery cheapens commodities.
Even the cost of the machinery, which
gradually becomes embodied in the
commodities, Is often written off in a
very short period. Machinery is not
introduced except for the purpose of
saving wages.
The only variable capital used is
wages, and the surplus value yielded
by the wage worker Is at, least four to
one, four for tne capitalist and one
for the worker. Surplus value is not
only extracted out of men, but more
of it out of women and children, with
disastrous resulls to the wages of the
Under capitalism With machinery
we are obliterating individuality,
driving men down to the unintelligent
dead level of the\ most unskilled
workers. However, our class are beginning to understand what surplus
value means and are being compelled
to unite to demand the social enjoyment of the fruits of their labors.
Socialist Directory
g0T Kvery Local of the Socialist Partv o-
Canada should run a card under this head
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday, D. O. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 830, Vancouver,
B. C.   ,
KOCAI,   POUT  MOODT,  B.   O.,  HO.   41,
B. p. of o.—Business meetings first
Sunday in each month. J. V. Hull
becretnry. Port Moody, B. C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836. Vancouver. B. C.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Mlghih Ave. East, opposite poatofflco. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province.
A. ,1. Browning, Sec, Box   1)     Calgary, Alta.
. ?f °" Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m.. the fourth Thursday of each month In lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. V. dayman.
hecretary; w. W. Lefeaux, Organizer:
every Friday evening ut 8 p.m., In
miiiR 8?"' ,Nelso». B. c. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Secy.
tive Committee. Meets first and thirst
Mondays of every month, Jublleo Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, M. w, James, 326 Hnr^ruvc st
Winnipeg,  Man.
meets every Sunday at 8:30 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. James Carson, Organizer; John Appleby, Secy.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
P.m. in the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
r.lBlitli Ave. R (near postofflce). Club
nnd Readinir Room. McTuvish Block.
[817 Second St. E. t pposlte Imperial Ho el
M. Hyatt, Secy.; I- Hyatt, Orgai..
zer.   Box  647,   Calgary,    Alta.
Committee.   Meets In Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St.. Toronto, on 2nd anil 4th
Wednesday.     Organizer.,   W.   Gribble
134    Hogarth    Ave.,    Toronto;
P. C. Young, Secretary,   940   Pape A- e .
P of c„ meets every llrst und third
hlltidny evenings, Hellenic Town Hall
C Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL     COLEMAN.     ALTA.,     NO.     ».
Meets every Sunday night In the)
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
P.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smfcth, Secy.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Kdgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
—Meets every second ami fourth Thursday in
the month nt 151 Hastings St, W. Secretary,
Matt Martina.
P. of C    Meets every Thursday at  8
?.m., In Trades and Labor Hall,
'ourth St. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach.
Secy., 1S1 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrie
Organizer, 623 Second St.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting everv
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propogandit
meetings every Sunday at Grand
W. G. McClusltey, Secretary, Box "70.
P. of C., meets every Sunday after
Union meeting in Union Hall, Hillcrest
Mines, Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt; Carl Johnson, Secretary.
LOOAL NANAIMO,  NO.  3,  8.  P.  of  O.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock!
Jack Place,   Rec.  Secy.,  Box   826.
LOCAL   FERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners-
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle.
every Sunday evening nt 7:46. Business meeting llrst Sunday in each
month, same place ut 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster,  Sec,  Box  164.
C, meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:3(1 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st nnd 3rd Sundavs of each
month. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
quarters Klondyke block, corner of iMcific
nud King Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummlngs, Organizer.
Jss. W. Amer, Secretary, 336 Maryland
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, NO. 38, 8. P. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
in Tlmmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business und propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary, Vernon,  B. C.
llsh   Branch. Business    meetings
rtrst and third Wednesdays ot
each month, Finnish Hall. 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays nt 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night nt 314 Wellesley St
Speakers supplied op shortest notice to
Ontario Locals. Corresponding Sec, A.
l.yun, 134 Hogarth Ave.
LOCAL   OTTAWA   NO.  8,  8.  P.  OP  C,
month at 7:30 p.m. at Roberts-Allan
Hull, 78 Rldenn St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:15 p.m.
Economic class, Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night, 8 p.m.,
at 37s Wellington St. Charles Lestor,
E. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy, 1030 Bron-
son Ave.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave.
Parker. Williams, Sec. I.adysmith, B. C
LOCAL RO88LAND, No. 35. 8. P. OP C,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p. m. A. McLeod, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets ln Finlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
76G Rossland, B. C.
LOCAL   COBALT,   NO.   9,   8.   P.   OP   a
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MONTREAL,   QUE.,   NO.   1,   8.
P. of O.—Meets ln Labor Hall. St.
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. ra.
llentquiirtcrs No. 1 St. Charles llorromee St
Otto Jahn Secretaay, 528 Chausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member
Wm. Davidson, Sandon
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
Name              MeetlllB
Camborne   ....
Grand  Forks..
Patrick O'Connor	
Greenwood   ...
Mike McAndrews..
Kimberly   ....
joe Armstrong	
M. & S. U.
Malcolm  McNeill..
Paul   Phillips	
R.   Sllverthorn....
Rossland    ....
J. A. McKinnon...
L.   R.  Mclnnls....
Robert Malroy....
Blnlr Carter	
G. B.  Mcintosh...
Trail M & M..
Wm. Ilesketh	
A. HurgesH—	
1- o.
C. Gnlrns	
James Tobln  	
W. Ii. Madden.i |
Geo.   Heatherton. .1
T.   H.   Rotherham.
H. T. Rainbow	
A. E. Curter	
Chas.   Short	
.1.  Hays   	
JameH Huberts	
F. Phillips   	
\v. A. Plckard...
Geo. .'nsey	
A.   Shilland	
Fred   Ltebscher...
D.  B.  O'Nealll..
T. T. Rutherford
F.   D.   Hardy...
W.   B.   Melsaac.
2 HI
Grand   Forks
Slocan City
Van Anda
Job  tahdotte jotakin  tietan
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosiul-
ismin cdisty ksestn Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohtn.
Box 197, Port Arthur, Ont.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
MakiuainoMtiM, $1.50 vooilkirt*
"Vaniltuka" Maksaa, $1.25
7e wild .the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York I,tfe Bide.
Montreal :    ud Wauhlnjton, D.C„ U.S.A.
C PETERS prac,,cal B,,t
v.  rtiK.no afld 8(|M Makar
Hand-Made  Boots and   Shoes to order in
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock  of staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
2456 Westminster Ave.
"The Class Struggle" S'»
It), rtHl'l    |..< |i;i;Mi]i!n.
lOJfl iKiully mi, piny it.
, 103 Kindt Street, Chicago, III
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
Cameraphone Theatre
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Meeting held Jiine  28th,  11)09.
Present—Connd/des Mengel (chairman), Karme, Peterson, .Morgan and
the secretary.
Minutes ot previous meeting approved.
Charter granted Dominion No. C N.
Correspondence dealt with from Ontario and Alberta Executives; Locals
Albert, N. B., North Battleford and
Moose Jaw, Sask; F. W. AlcWhirter,
Camrose, Alta.; Finnish Publishing
Co.; H. H. Stuart, Newcastle, N. S.;
Organizers O'Brien and Gribble.
Warrants  ordered  drawn   for  card
In  Clarion,  $1.00;   postage  and  telegrams,     ^3.50;     Organizer     O'Brien,
$59; secretary's June salary, $15.00.
B.   C.   Provincial   Executive $15.00
Local Albert, N. B., stamps     5.00
Local Dominion No. 6 N. S. Charter      6.00
Local   North  Battleford,   Sask.,
supplies    2.75
Clarion Maintenance Fund  14.00
Member at large, dues     2.00
Total $44.75
Meeting held  June  28th,  1909.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from
Locals Ladysmlth, Nanaimo, Victoria,
Kamloops, Matsqui, Grand Forks, Fernle and from Organizer Harrington.
Warrants drawn for card In Clarion,
$1.80; to Dominion Executive for supplies, $15.00; organizer Harrington,
for balance due, $94.90; to secretary's
June salary, $15.00.
LmrI Graad Forks, assessment.^ 2.25
Local   Matsqul,  stamps     2.00
Local  Ladysmlth,  constitutions.    2.40
Sanation from .Michel comradea   3.50
Total $10.15
Meeting held June 21st.
Present—Howell,    Hyatt,    Fradkln,
Lawson, Foynea and the secretary.
Correspondence dealt .with from Edmonton, Pine Lake, Comrade C. Lestor
and Dominion Executive.
Pine Lake $1.00
Calgary    45
Printing   $2.75
Telegrams   C5
Calgary Is not the place at present
for vendors of labor power. II is not
often that we read such a give away
as appeared in ihe press here last
week. The laborers working on the
newer excavations In (he city petitioned for a five-cent Increase which
was, however, refused, on which the
Dally News prints the following.
"Commissioner Clark Is of the opinion that If the men do strike lt will
not make much difference us there
are numbers of laborers walking the
streets who will be only too glad to
fill their places."
All this happens In golden Canada.
(Obed Smith take note.)
However, the wage plugs evidently
took heed of this sage advice and the
threatened strike is off.
The Herald, however, In commenting
upon ihe threatened strikes, says:
"While sympathizing with the natural
desire of the city laborers lo get more
wages If they can, the commissioners
could not properly pay more than the
lair market price."
Another news Item which appeared
In one of the papers here runs as follows:
"A record docket of 51 cases received the attention of the magistrate this morning. Of the above,
there were twenty-one charges of vagrancy, men found sleeping In hay
tofts, box cars, etc. Thirteen of these
gentlemen of leisure were apportioned
seven days each at the barracks, four
were dismissed and Ihe remainder held
over for further enquiries."
"The mounted police barracks here
ls crammed full of prisoners, and they
can take no more. This means that
the prisoners are now huddled together in the city police station and
the city will have to bear the expense
of their maintenance."—Daily News
In the face of these facts it would
be well for those persons thinking of
coming West to pause ere they venture, unless they have lots of dough,
or else they mqy meet the fate of
some of the above. The London Clarion should also take note notwlth-
atnndlng the letter of Mr. Obed Smith
in their columns recently.
Comrade,—On the 5th Inst. I had
crawled to (own with my oxen to barter butter for groceries, and was surprised to receive a note from Comrade O'Brien stating that he would
come to Bawlf en route for .Meeting
Creek on the 11th. If I could arrange
for a meeting ln Bawlf, he would hold
forth. I arranged for the hall, filled
out the posters and had them tacked
up In different places.
The meeting had to be held in the
evening. Hardly a farmer was pres
ent, owing probably to the fact the
milking of cows makes It very difficult
for them to be away at night, or to
prejudice. The lawn tennis sports
started a game just as we were to
open the meeting, and only seven were
present as O'Brien took the floor,
The audience kept on increasing until
ive had at one time about thirty. When
towards the close the collection was
announced some left, and from the
balance we collected two dollars.
Hall rent was four dollars, but one of
the committee having charge of the
hall said he would make the others accept what the collection brought.
At the close of the meeting several
questions were asked. One old man
about sixty, who has attained to such
a height as to (in company with his
sons) run a store up on the G. T. P.
and one here, and own a good sized
farm, did not like the present system
to be attacked. He said, "I have made
property in Ontario, in South Dakota,
and here in (frosty?) Alberta." He
had also made money by mortgaging
his farm. When asked if lt had come
through work, he failed to reply, and
those present laughed. Two business
men asked some questions and showed by their attitude friendliness to the
movement. A farmer also opposed the
old man on a point, taking Ihe Socialist stand.
We adjourned after 11 o'clock. Comrades O'Brien and Heckman of Meeting Creek were the next morning to
move on and deliver the goods at
Meeting Creek, and I hit the trail for
home to join my partner In matrimonial bondage.
Yours in revolt,
Dear Comrade,—I have received the
following sums for the Maritime
Provinces Organization Fund:
Previously acknowledged   $14.30
Comrade Woodhouse, Toronto..    1.00
Comrade Cottam, Toronto     2.00
Comrade Gribble reports one new
Local |n Cape Breton and two more
ln sight.   Good, eh?
Yours ln revolt, '
roscoe a. Fillmore.
The intelligence of the working
class may be judged by the following
brilliant deeds, proof sufficient of their
unerring judgment as a class in arranging their own affairs.
1. They elected "$30 a month
Bowser" lo safeguard their interests
in labor legislation in the Provincial
2. They elected "God Knows Tafl"
lo legislate for them at Washington.
D. C.
3. They opposed the "eight hour
In coal mines" law lu the English Parliament last year on the grounds that
It would reduce their pay. (Oh, ye
gods and little fishes.)
4. They are opposed to a law prohibiting the employment of children
in factories, and the "Socialist" Shack-
leton voted against the bill in the Eng-
list House of Commons.
6, They are engaged In (lestloving
machinery in French factories this
day, looking upon the machine us the
enemy of the worker.
(i. They willingly shed their wretched blood and become cripples In any
old war Ihe master class may think
fit to create.
7. They dellghl in shooting down
their fellow workers at the bidding of
the  master  class.
Thank all the gods It is not the
Intelligence of the working class which
Is to be expected will bring about the
revolution, but the evolullon of the
machine and the consolidation of capital.
F. M. T.
(June, 1909)
Printing four issues $180.00
Mailing         8.00
Circulars         1.50
Total $190.15
Subs   $130.60
Advertisements and cards     10.50
Deficit        43.05
Total $190.15
The Lestors have at length reached
the coast and desire to convey their
thanks to all the" cVihrades who helped them along the line.
Dear  Comrade,—
A few more lines on the condition
of labor In the Yukon. There are
about four hundred Idle men in Dawson at present and things don't seem
to get any better. There has been a
big lot come down the river In small
boatB, only to get fooled. It ls very
hard for the poor suckers that walked
from Skagway, four hundred and forty
miles through the snow and cannot
find a master; how to get out tuey do
not know. They are mostly broke
and fairly botlled up because it costs
forty dollars to get to Whitehorse. A
lot of the men are camping around the
jobs waiting for some one to drop
dead so they can take his place.
Perhaps you outside do not hear
about this state of affairs up here, but
I can tell you it Is something tough in
the Golden North. They are seeing
the Commissioner almost every day
and he does not seem to do anything,
because to ship the men out will give
Dawson a black eye and they will not
land a3 many suckers next year.
There is a tin-horn booster in Seattle
sent by the merchants and miners'
clique to boost the frozen north to
land a lot more suckers up here if his
bait is good enough for them to bite.
If he don't succeed, the merchants can
pack up and get out. They wanted
capital up here and they have got it
now. The Guggenhelma are here and
they know about it, too. They have
got the whole country that is any good.
The Salvation Army are giving a few
charity doles out, but they have not
opened a doss house yet. I think there
are a lot living on charity on the
quiet. It is worse than the panic was
In Vancouver, because there is no one
to bum up here. It has cost some two
hundreds of dollars to come up here to
Any poor fool that brings money up
here to Invest.ls crazy and is a candidate for the funny house. ..is country has broken more men man it ever
made. "Fine farming lands" up here!
I want to know where they are. You
could not grow enough up here to
feed a jack rabbit. "Wonderful timber lands," too! Timber as thick as a
walking stick. Two bits is the smallest change up here, another graft for
the business people; two bits for a
box of matches. In fact, living is very
dear up here; It Is no place for a wage
slave. I advise all men to stay away
from the Golden North if they know
when they are well off.
Yours for the red Hag,
Considerable excitement was caused
on Commercial street last evening
Bhoniy after eight o'clock, when ill-.
Wilfrid Uribble, Socialist organizer of
Toronto, attempted to address a meeting of the citizens on Socialism.
Mr. Gribble had been attending
divine service at St. Paul's church,
Wheie the pastor, Rev. D. Al. Gillies
pleached a strong sermon against tlie
Socialists. .Mr. Gribble alleges that
Mr. Gillies, during the course of Ills
sennon, attacked him personally, and
in older to square himself with Hie
citizens he proceeded to address the
churchgoers Immediately after the
Mr. Gribble, In opening his address,
referred to the sermon whicli he hud
just heard preached, and he said he
would challenge the Hev. Mr. Gillies or
any other clergyman in town to a debate on any public platform on the
ibove subject, Mr. Gribble continued
for a short time and the crowd became so large that traffic was Interrupted to some extent.
Sergeant Dan H. McDonald arrived
on the scene til this juncture, and requested the speaker to discontinue his
speech as he was interfering with traffic. Air. Gribble objected to being interrupted by the police, stating he had
perfect right to speak on a private lot.
Some of the crowd began to jeer, and
cries of "give him the hook," "put him
out," were heard. Others were in
favor of having the speaker continue.
The officer Insisted upon Air. Gribble stopping, and declared that unless
he did so he would be compelled to
arrest him, Mr. Gribble refused to
stop and told the officer he considered
himself under arrest. Air. Gribble, the
officer and several others went to the
police station where the point was argued out. Air. Gribble and his comrades decided in ordor not to cause
any more disturbance they would not
speak any more during the evening.
The incident caused considerable
excitement and comment) ajad had not
the affair ended the way It iftd, serious
results might have taken place.—
Glace Bay Gazette.
Comrade Editor,—
The Ontario Provincial Executive
hearing that the comrades In Berlin
would probably contest the election of
Mackenzie King, decided to send me
along to the scene of action, as they
thought I might be of some use to
them. I arrived In Berlin about seven
o'clock, and meeting Comrades Gles
and .Martin, we decided to hold a
meeting in the market square. The
meeting passed off fairly well, and
on Sunday night we had another In
the same place.
Through a letter having gone astray
in connection with she election, the
comrades in Berlin decided that, having such a short time te find that twe
hundred dollar deposit, they would
have to let the contest go this time.
It was, and is a matter of much regret
that we were unable to make a fight,
however the Berlin comrades Intend
never to find themselves in the same
position. They intend to start a fund
so that when the elections come alont
again, they will be prepared to give
the opposition such a shaking aa will
let them know that the Soclaliats ef
Berlin have got their measure.
On .Monday afternoon Comrade Alar-
tin and myself attended the courthou8e
where the nomination* of candidate*
for election were to take place. Just
before the "Labor Minister" appeared
in the courthouse, we, with a number
of others, filed into the seats to see
how things would shape. When Mackenzie King did arrive, he immediately began to show that he was a good
man for election by going around and
shaking hands with almost every man
present. Of course, as you all know
by now, he went in unopposed, and
being called on for a speech, he replied in a twenty-minute talk, some
points of which 1 managed to get.
Now, you workingmen of Berlin, you
workers of Canada, listen to your Liberal labor humbug.
This "Labor Minister" began by extending his gratitude to his opponenta,
the Conservative party, for having
risen above party atrife in not opposing his election. Also, just to show
how much real difference there is between the two, he said when the time
conies he would not forget them. (No!
neither with the class-conscious workers forget him.) He would earry out
the duties of "Labor Alinlster" without setting CLASS AGAINST CLASS.
He regarded such action as UNPATRIOTIC AND VICIOUS. Another
gem was that he hoped to see the day
wjien workingmen should be In Parliament, but not aa representatives OF
He stood to support the principles of
the Liberal party, and he regarded
Just weigh up these aayings, you
workers of Canada; you will then see
how you are likely to fare at the. hands
of your "Minister of Labor." That
sort of talk may fool the worker who
has never given the matter serious
consideration, but you can't fool a
Socialist. Unless the workers of Canada send men who represent a class,
their own cIbbs, and men also who
recognize that the class struggle Is
not of their making, but is tbe natural
outcome of the present economic conditions, they will never get their freedom.
In the meantime, comrades, let us
carry our doctrine far and wide until
we put out of business such tools of
the master class as Mackenzie King
and nil other kings and representatives
of class governments.
Comrade Martin has been doing good
work around this neighborhood. All
the comrades have dug down in their
pockets to keep him busy spreading
the message of working-class emancipation; a local that does that has
something to be proud of. I shall be
speaking In Waterloo tonight, I guess,
so more soon.
Yours In revolt,
My Dear Johnny:
I have just arrived home from a
most Instructive trip to a place near
Vancouver, called Strathcona Park, Instructive only on account of the persons In whose company I travelled.
The occasion of my trip was a picnic
organized by the Socialist Party of
Canada, and although the morning of
the day appointed threatened rain, a
large crowd aasembled aboard the
boat which was to take us to our
After a run of two hours we disembarked and there was unfolded a
veritable chart of humanity. Palpable
to the least observant was the fact
that it was a worklngman's expedition,
other than a church party, as among
all the countenances present there was
not one sufficiently unctuous to suggest tbe word pulpit.
Birds ot a feather flock together,
and true to the adage the party was
soon separated into factions according
to language. Here are our Finnish
comrades, fair-haired, vivacious; there
is a German colony, merry as can be.
Last but not least the Anglo-Saxon
and Engliah speaking comrades.
Diversity of tongue cannot hide the
fact th«t this la a body of working
men, with their women folk. Flnniah
hands, German hands, Anglo-Saxon
hands all. tell the same tale. Work,
work, work. Fine feathers make fine
birds, but the claws betray the occupation.
And there is the red flog, Johnny,
right here In Canada. What does it
mean? Red flag, diversity of tongue,
and hardened hand? Each of these
three items denotea the disappearance
of nations or internationalism. The
red flag denotea the red blood In
our veins common to all alike. The
diversity of tongue demonstrates the
union of the world's workers with the
object of strangling the common foe.
The hardened hand is the mark of
Cain, and laughs at imaginary racial
distinctions. A red flag at a picnic! It
seems to the bourgeois-minded to be
almost as Inappropriate as a coffin
would be, for is not the red flag for
atreet demonstration mass meetings of
the unemployed and the Salvation
These people must have some little
means to be .In a position to indulge
In such luxuries. Why ahould they
venerate the red flag to auch an extent?   For this reason, Johnny.
Some of these workers are earning
big wages and some small wages, but
all, regardless of tongue, sex, social
standing, religious beliefs or any such
qualifying conditions, are alive to the
fact that under the present capitalist
system of production and distribution
they are legally robbed of an immense
proportion of the absolute results of
their work.
They furthermore know that In a
very short space of time their position
In society will be worse, and that the
time is near at hand when eventa will
demand that they rescue themselves
from the position in which ihey find
Ironically, labor works In harmony
with capital in one direction. They
are each Intent upon the killing of nationalism. Capita! no longer Is thrilled
as the band plays "Cod Save the
King." Labor is somewhat blase.
Capital rushes to the land In which It
can make most profit. An ice plant in
hell would attract all the necessary
capital from any country, were such a
proposition feasible. Labor swarms to
the land whore it obtains the best
wages. That ls why our Finnish and
German friends are at Strathcona
Park to-day. The bread question has
called them here, not the climate.
And here they are reminded of the
"Those behind cried,  forward!'
Those In front cried back."
Hut once here, I heir hopes are filially nnd completely shattered, for here
they find themselves obliged to compete against' Canadians from China,
  I Japan  nnd India:  men who have Ihe
Workingmen   today   are  confronted art of  cheap living  down  to  such   a
with n condition that does not auger  fine  point  that   Ihey  can  work  more
well for the future.   Every necessity I cheaply than machinery.
of life is being cornered by nionopo-     Finally,  after  fleeing  from  the i-f-
lies: the wages of labor on Ihe other  fe(.ts 0f capitalism from place to place.
hand are being decreased, while the
army of Idle men is being augmented
by reason of the introduction of labor-
saving machinery. With an Influx of
immigration and a rapid centralization of Industry even In the most prosperous times that capitalism can furnish there will be Idle millions tn
menace Ihose who are employed. This
condition Is one that must be solved
by workingmen as a class. Theologians, philanthropists, reformers and
like others who seek and propound
remedies, may be actuated by an honest purpose, but they are so far removed from the environment of the
working class thai lhey oppose an.-
change of society that Is a departure
from tho system of private Ownership
or the means of production; They
countenance the idea of master and
slave, feeling that ownership entitles
the capitalists to n profit on the Investment. Only ;i socialization of the
means of production can bring about
tbey find themselves In Vancouver, at
the end of Ihe earth, and like the fox
at bay they turn upon their hiintei—
capitalism. Nothing but Its death will
appease them. Hence the red flag Is
always with them. The emblem of
hope for the oppressed: liberation of
the enslaved.
You probably smile, Johnny, at this
Statement,  but  a  few more  years  of |
capitalist prosperity will be the very,
best  Instructor you can have.
Finally, ns the bont arrives to take
us home, we B69 a crowd of drunken!
brawlers enjoying themselves by pouring bottled beer ovei each other.  Tbe|
Stimulating effects   of nlcohol   raised
their patriotism to inch n degree thht I
thei   held  the company enthrllled  by
their matchless rendering of 'The Mn-
plo Leaf Forever."
. M. T.
Comrade F. Hyatt, Calgary, writes
as follows: "One of my friends, a
Swede named J. Norrbon, on reading
the appeal by Leeds ln the Clarion,
went out to-day (Sunday June 20) and
canvassed and got the following six
• •   •
A bundle of Clarions go to Comrade
C. McMahon Smith, Brooklyn, New
York. He distributes them through tba
mails to friends whom lt will do some
good to read. Owing to some oversight on the part ot the capitalists, our
comrade has a surplus of $5.00 on
hand which he will donate to the Clarion if three other comrades will do tha
same. Subs are really what the Clarion needs, but under the circumstances
all donations are acceptable. As soon
as three comrades have given $5.00
each to Clarion Maintenance Fund,
Comrade Smith will do the same, so
let us hope he will not have long to
•   •   •
Comrade Gribble   is still pounding
away at the Atlantic coast notions and
broke loose a bunch of three.
• •   •
Do you wish to be condemned ta
poverty for life with or without hard
labor. If not, get your name on tha
voters' list.
• •   •
A list of two came bobbing us as the
result of a atunt by Comrade William
• •   •
Two extra Clarions will go to Port
Jloody, B. C, thanks to the desire ot
Comrade John V. Hall to see the Clarion influence increased.
• • •
In B. C. an election will be held
within the next twelve months. I
would suggest that the best thing for
every local to do during the next six
monthB would be to concentrate their
energies on booming the circulation ot
the Clarion. I believe that such a line
of action would give best results on
election day. Would be pleased to
hear from readers as to what they
think is the best .method for vote
• •   ■
The following comrades are responsible for a 8ub. each thla week:    Is
your name here?
m     9    *
F. Munta, Saskatoon, Sask.; Parker
Williams, AI.P.P., Ladysmlth, B. C; M.
H. Alorkert, Richland, Neb., U. S. A.;
G. Velge, Bella Coola, B. O.j Bob Mc-
Lachlan, Vancouver, B. C; F. Larson,
Union Bay, B. C; F. Hyatt, Calgary,
Alta.; J. Cottam, Toronto, Ont.;
Allckelson, Bawlf, Alta.; Alice Harling,
Victoria, B, C; R. Jamieson, Vancouver, B. C; Parry Brown, Thurlow Island, B. C; H. G. R., Sydney, N.S.;
C. M. O'Brien, M.P.P., Aleeting Creek,
• «   •
Comrades should not forget to leave
their new addresses at the post office
when tbey move. If you do not know
your.destination, ask the postmaster to
hold your mall until he hears from
you. It Is the postmaster's duty to notify the paper of your new address.
• •   •
Have you made your donation lo the
Campaign Fund?
• * »
When you see the old party politicians engage lu their usual sham battle before election time, don't butt lu
or take sides with any of them for It
is none of your business if what they
say about each other Is true or not.
Your duty as a working man and a
useful citizen ia to get your forces
ready lo put both their pipes out nnd
to see that labor and not capital writes
the law.
• «   •
Experience seems to show that it la
much easier for a man to break away
from his religious superstitions than
H Is from his political superstitions.
• • »
Why are "reforms" cnlled by some,
"immediate  demands?"
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices;
Charter (with necessary    supplies to start Local)    $5.00
Membership Cards, each 01
Dues Stamps,   each 10
Platform and application blank
per 100   25
Ditto In  Finnish,  per  100 50
Ditto In Ukrainian, per 100 50
Ditto In Italian, per 100 50o
A man without a vote ls classified
a condition thai "ill give the Workers -with Indians, lunatics nnd dead men.
a living without that fear of want.— .na a live one. See thnt your name ap-
Tollers' Defense pears on the voters' list.      — H. P. P.
The worka of Spencer, lnger-
soll, Huxley, Darwin, Blatchford,
Paine, Haeckel, Ltfing anil other
great writers. By mail for 25 and
50 cents.    Send for catalogue to
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W. FOUR
"The Tsar of Russia will visit England." Such was the official announcement which Sir Edward Gray made to
the House of Commons on Thursday.
In other words, it ineana that the dissolute old monarch of England, commonly known as King Edward VII, will
welcome to these shores a physically
and mentally deformed wretch whose
hands are stained with the blood of
thousands of innocent men, women and
children. Thla inhuman butcher, this
archfiend who will officially visit King
Edward at Cowes, Isle of Wight, during the first week ln August, is to be
received with hospitality and open
The news of the Tsar's coming here
was at first taken lightly by the public
and it was nol until the Socialist press
called attention to the disgrace to a
nation ln receiving such a red-handed
assassin that the people awoke. Now
remonstrances are pouring in from all
quarters protesting against King Edward welcoming, or even allowing,
Bloody Nicholas to set foot on these
' Even a few of the capitalistic newspapers are making a mild protest
against the nation's loss of decency
and self respect in receiving such an
Inhuman brute even if he is a relative and personal chum of King Edward. However, it's a case of "birds
of a feather, flocking together," and
unless the capitalistic press as a whole
makes a determined stand and aids us
in arousing the entire public against
the Russian autocrat coming here, it
Is to be feared that the visit will come
off as scheduled.
The coming of the Tsar should serve
as an object lesson to every British
worker In the whole Empire and
arouse every person who has a red
drop of blood In their veins. It
should serve as an eye opener to
many, for does it not show that no
matter how debased, how low, or how
Inhuman an aristocrat may be he will
always be received with open arms by
his class, by capitalists and by the
clergy. Such reptiles thrive and breed
under our present system of society
and the longer we workers allow It to
continue the more numerous and vene-
mous they become. The longer we
perpetuate the rule of autocrats, tyrants, dough-headed kings, capitalists,
etc., the stronger and more defiant
they become and nray it not be possible that the butchering, hanging, imprisonments, flogging and exilea which
are now going on in Russia may some
day be inflicted on us if we do not
succeed In arousing our fellow-workers to realize the peril?
The 70 open-air meetings that were
held by the various S. D. P. branches
last Sunday were very successful despite the inclemency of the weather.
At each meeting a collection was
taken up and the proceeds turned over
to London Committee to be used for
further propaganda work.
This Sunday the Woman's Committee will hold a big meeting in Victoria
Park, East End, and efforts will be
made to interest,'more women in the
Socialist movement. Airs. Scott of the
Poplar Board of Guardians will take
the chair promptly at 4 p.m., rain or
Earlier in the afternoon the children
belonging to the various Soclaliat Sunday achoola will meet in the park and
go through the varioua exerciaes and
songs that they have been taught and
at least 1,000 are expected to take
part in the event. The strength of the
Socialist movement over here is in
the rising generation Who are Joining
the cause in large numbers and whose
enthusiasm and vigor nre certainly
very encouraging, Besides this, ihey
learn from experienced teachers in
the Sunday school what Socialism
really Is and consequently they become
strong adherents to the movements.
The postmen's (letter carriers) Federation has Just concluded Its annual
conference In Birmingham. Nearly
!100 delegates were In nt tendance and
while  three  ilfcys    were    required  In
whicli to transact the business of the
Conference nothing of    much  Importance was accomplished.
lng a larger donation as it was thought
that a contribution of 10 guineas (less
han $50.00) would look pretty small,
coming from an organization of 36,000
It seems that the Labor Al. P.'i over
here have acquired the travelling habit.   Not content with the "frost" that
was accorded to them by the German
workers   during their recent visit to
that country, several of our labor Al.
P.'s will do more touring.    Air. Will
Crooks, so it is officially announced,
Intends  to encircle  tbe  globe,  while
Mr.  Arthur  Henderson,  chairman  of
the  Labor Party,  is .going  to Inflict
Canada with his presence.   Air. Ramsay Alacdonald ls going to India, and
Air. John Hodge has resolved to go to
Australia.    All this  travelling of the
Labor AI.P.'s will take place after the
present session of the House terminates, providing there is no sitting du
|,lng the autumn.    As such extensive
travelling    is usually    only done by
wealthy persons    and  as  the Labor
Al. P.'s are all supposed  to be poor
men, people are beginning to look surprised and are asking where the money
is coming from.   It would at least be
Interesting to know.
ship of the Federation Is now close on
to 30,000 nnd shows an increase of
3,ISO members dining the past year.
A sliding scale of wages was adopted
ranging from 20 shillings per week for
the minimum to l!2 shillings for
the maximum, but it Is well understood that should not the postmaster
general feel disposed to grant these
demands, no strike will take place.
Mr. Wlllison, on behalf of the London
postmen, proposed a vote of sympathy
for the strikers In the French postal
service, and moved that a vote of 10
guineas be donated to the French
strikers. After a lengthy discussion
It was decided to organize a national
subscription, with the object of mak-
Aly Dear Comrade,—Have you ever
paused to wonder how much pleasure
the average human being really obtains during life? Has it ever occurred to you that nearly all pleasure
Is merely the anticipation of something better than we at present have?
And consequently that when the day
of dissolution conies to your particular self, you will have journeyed
across a long, long plain with hope
as your staff, only to find that had you
taken each day as it came and "been
not solicitous for the morrow" you
would have at least the consolation of
saying to yourself, "I have lived.
It pasaea the limited powers of my
mind to comprehend why some of us
are here, as there really seems to be
no need of us, and all we can hope for
Is privation during life and a pauper's
grave after death. We might just as
well recognize that we are up against
it and look around for the nearest
and best way out.
Just think what "a peach of a time"
a wage-earner has. The whole of his
life ia apent in the hope that he will
In the end be a manager with a fairly large salary. We all atart out full
of hope, but year by year goea on and
one by one we drop out of the contest, broken, disappointed, hopeless
and homeless, until at last we dis
pense with anticipation and Indulge in
a little realization, realizing that al
though competition is the life of trade,
it is the death of society and that we
have been competed into the ranks of
the unemployed. This condition of
affairs claims some of us at an earlier
period in life than others owing perhaps to lack of physical strength or
other reasons, but lt is the ultimate
end of all wage slaves. Sooner or
later we are no longer of any use to
the masters. That would be the
psychological moment for death if
things could be arranged that way, but
unfortunately the slit *> has to live
through a period of realization.
A wage slave's life may be divided
into two parts. The period of anticipation and the period of realization.
The period of anticipation, as I have
said above, ls composed of that time
during which he finds easily a master.
The incidents of love, courtship, marriage, parentage, etc., etc., are all anticipatory pleasures. Finally we find
him working like a good fellow to provide a home and food for his offspring,
Indulging in the building of air castles
In respect to their future. Then conies
the lime when the children have to
help to keep the wolf from the door.
The girls obtlnln situations In stores
or become stenographers, the boys sell
newspapers or work In factories.
And  now our wnge-slav,e finds himself In the period of realization.   "Too
old—very sorry—he was a first-class
man in his time."    Anticipation   has
rhe member-(gradually faded to nought—realization
One method of Improving the work-
lag man's condition and bettering his
earthly lot, submitted by the moralists whose paths are not usually beset
by the thorns of poverty, is to analyze
his dally life and extract therefrom all
tbe material comforts which could be
removed without resultant physical
deterioration, and consequent decreased profit productiveness. Thus the
Glasgow weekly Herald maintains that
if the worker would wed and be happy, he should give up his many luxuries, wrap himself in gloomy asceticism and return to the tallow candles
of his forefathers. How this would
affect the working class doesn't matter much, aa God only put that body
here to function as a "problem" for
sociological professors and victims of
philanthropic dementia to amuse themselves with anyhow. Il would, however, have alarming results among the
capltaliats as Is ably presented by one
of their mouthpieces (Detroit News)
in the following wolds:
"If everybody were to practice the
strictest economy, half the world's
bilsiness would vanish in less than aix
* *   *
Lord Roseberry gravely deplores the
barbarous action of other nations in
building navies, and suggests that
Britain should set them a civilized
example by ou*doing them in barbarism and building a bigger one. There
is one consolation—he and the rest
of his bunch, with their dreadnaught
hysterics are furnishing posterity with
plenty of amusement.
* *   *
This is the land of the free and the
home of the brave. Anyone desiring
a chunk of liberty may always obtain
same at the police court by digging
up the required price. This is necessary in order to pay the expanses of
those who have liberty in  charge.
* *   *
Comrade  Pickup, who on  June 13
exercised one of the inherent and inalienable rights of a Canadian citizen
(at least that's what it used to be)
by addressing a peaceful gathering of
his fellows on Pacific avenue, waa last
Alonday found guilty of having been
listened to by nearly as big a crowd
a8 that which gathers around the Salvation Army, and fined one dollar and
costs. A point was raised during the
cross-examination as to whether an
individual vehicle cavorting about the
city looking for something to run into,
would be likely to meet with any obstruction. The question is still unsettled as these lines are penned.
When an evangelist hits a town,
and lmediately following his advent
two or three of (he inhabitants go
crazy and try to fly off houses, catch
their death of cold looking for Christ
or some other religious action, why is
it we hear nothing about "inflammatory teachings," etc. Not insanity, but
awakened intelligence, is dangerous to
the capitalist system. Therefore, the
epithets which so fittingly describe
their own system are hurled with infantile rage by caitalist menials at the
exponents of Socialism. They think
thus to re-darken the clearing minds
of the proletariat and hide the running
sores of their own mental decrepti-
tude; but their hour is nearly come,
and soon men will remember their
panderings as a form of seasickneas.
were accorded others, he went on to
deal with municipal queations in a
very interesting  and  able  manner.
After a while three policemen appeared on the scene. There were already many friends watching that no
obstruction was caused to sidewalk or
pavement and quietly requesting people not to in any way impede traffic.
The police asked the speaker for his
name and he handed them a card
whicli was In readiness without interrupting bis remarks. The nearest approach lo an obstruction was now
caused by the police gathering the
names of witnesses.
•\s soon as the speaker was finished
another took his place on the chair
which had now been procured. It was
getting interesting. The police look
the speaker's name. Then another
speaker, and the same performance repealed. Another and yet another. A
Socialist orator got going and was doing fine, when the inevitable Interruption came from the man in blue (he
speaker complimented him on the lack
of ill-will exhibited, "you are functioning as a tool of the capitalistic class,
but we all understand that a job is
something a man has to jump -at."
Then there was a change. An elderly speaker refused to give his name.
Told the policeman that he had his
niind made up about it so It was un-
necesary to be in any doubt. The
constable invited the speaker to go
to the station, and the paid walked
off and another man took Ihe stump.
Down at the station the subborn one
proved to be Air. E. Betswortb, a resident of the city for more than twenty
years past. All the police had withdrawn for a time and the succeeding
speaker could not succeed in getting
his name taken although he talked
till he was dry. He asked the privilege of speaking again when the police
returned, and gave place to another.
He was accommodated later and gained hla point.
Municipal politlca, Dominion politics and economic subjects were aired
profusely. The subjects changed almost as often as the apeakera. "Fellow laborers and pedlars of labor-power,' was one salutation, and there was
no guessing as to what school he belonged to. His name went down with
the rest. A land values laxation man
was the next to speak, and so It went
on till the police had eleven or twelve
names on their score sheet.
A collection was taken up and the
sum of $10.46 was turned over to the
treasurer of the Free Speech Defence
League.—The Voice.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party ot Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products ot
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession ot tbe
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights ln the means of wealth
production and their control of the product, of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of tbe working class lies in tbe direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which ls cloaked the robbery of tbe working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker ls rapidly culminating ln a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure it by political action. This ls the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
by the workers.
i.   The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when ln office, shall always and everywhere until the present system is abolished, make the answer to-
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests of the working class and aid the workers ln
their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will the Socialist
Party Is for lt; If lt will not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed In its hands in such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
is now the companion Of Ills waking
hours. He can now see how hollow
life Is, how he has slaved and worked
all the spring and summer of his life
only to be left lo perish in Ihe autumn.
God help him, he cannot help himself.
He Is among the unemployed taking a
well earned rest. He needn't work his
laws—(lie larder Is empty. His digestive organs have a complete rest.
But his mind begins to think. It
knows no rest. The buoyant anticipation of youth have given way to the
depressing realization of old age. He
dies, for his sake the sooner the better, and is buried by the parish:*
"A  martyr  to  capitalism—may  he
rest In peace." F. M. T.
Bryan said: "All we have we owe
to others." Yes, to Labor, and some
day Labor will call around with its
little bill.
That  is  to  say, whenever  It  gets
tired of running a charitable institution for the cultivation and Bupport of
Irresponsible capitalists.
*   *   *
Quit your monkeying, don't go back
on Darwin, you can prove his theory
by evolving Into a man yet—and joining the Socialist party.
SPES in The Voice.
On Thursday   night   unexpectedly
matters shaped themselves Into what
must be a test case on the question
of street speaking and the equality of
all In  respect to the civic by-laws.
For nn hour and a half speaker after speaker mounted the chair on Market street, just off Alain street, and
ns regularly the police took their
The affair came about In this way,
It had been decided previously to
hold a meeting in the Market square
When Air. Rigg, president of the Free
Speech Defence League, arrived in the
vicinity he found the Salvation Army
with a large and pleasant meeting in
progress at the corner of Alain and
.Market street. He decided to open his
meeting there, with the Intention of
moving back to the square to continue
It. As toe Army moved off Mr. Rigg
took uii the vacated position and commenced a very intereating addreas. He
opened by stating that he was not
going to speak of heaven and the
hereafter, but of Winnipeg here and
now and of election days to come.
After explaining the existence of the
organization of which he is chairman
and declaring his determination to
exercise any rights on the strets whicli
Trotter certainly has had a her
culean task keeping the workers of
Great Britain informed on the machinations of the Salvation Army. The
"General" never misses an opportunity of advertising his "blessed"
Army and the glorious schemes, originated by the officers, for the alleged
purpose of raising the "submerged
tenth." Every anniversary is used as
a pretext upon which to gather a
multitude of people in the hope of
separating them from some of this
world's goods.
The anniversary of the "Social" Department was celebrated recently by
holding a meeting in the Albert Hall,
London  Eug.  whicli  has    a    seating
capacity of approximately 7,000 people.
The audience, all forgetful that they
were,  in  a measure,    lowering    the
standard   of  living   in   the  Colonies,
lustily applauded a klnetescope view
of General Booth's transformation process.    Pictures were shown    of    the
people as they came to the Army, ragged and dirty, the next view showed
them after they had been washed and
supplied with clean clothes, while the
following scene is supposed to represent the cream of the nation (as stated
on  many  occasions  by   Salvationists
when defending their emigration poll
cles)  embarking for    Canada.     The
final view shows the emigrants landing
nt Quebec or Halifax, where they are
met by representatives of the Employers' Associations who kindly pay their
fares to clean  lucrative employment
In different parts of the country, the
larger number going to places where
There ls no time wnsted throughout
the performance by going into a labyrinth of detail, no mention Is made of
the Hanbury Street Elevator, the rag
picking establishments or any of the
ninny other sweat ahops operated by
Ihe Army, neither ia the condition of
Ihe Canadian workers taken Into consideration,  the  whole scheme  being
the transference of large numbers of
workers to Canada to assist the employers in beating down the standard
of living of those already here.
Employment offices are usually condemned for charging workera for the
privilnge of obtaining employment,
when aa a matter of fact they receive
only the email aum paid by the men
themselves, but in the ca3e of the
Army the emigrants are expected to
pay their way, the railways, steamship
companies pay a commission on the
tickets sold by the Army officers and
the Canadian Government, pays a
bonus for every emigrant 1-nded in
this country under the an- '■•<« Ot1
the Anny.
The traifeking In human boiup     Hi
this nrgptlzatlon• however, canroi ; j||
50c per year
Two for a dollar
Six months 25c.
Published at Cowansville, P.O.
properly compared with that of a
common employment offlce, because
the work of the Army is conducted In
the name of the Lowly Carpenter of
Nazareth who would blush with shame
if confronted with proofs of the nefarious schemes .worked by the Army in
an effort to hoodwink the people and
assure a fat living for General Booth
and his many relatives.
Organized labor throughout the
world is meeting with some success in
tearing the mask from the faces of
the hypocrites who exploit labor under
the cloak of religion and who conceal
their real purpose by continually
shouting, "hallejuah" and "throw
your money on the drum friends" the
greater emphasis being placed upon
the cull for funds.
Thousands of our membership are,
however, still held by the thralldom
of religion and we must continue the
campaign until it will be no longer
possible for religious or other Institutions to continue their exploitation of
the workers.—Western Wage-earner.
WANTED. Every Socialist and
Unioniat to take Shares Brandon
Labor Temple Co. Capital $15,-
000 in $1.00 shares, payable in 4
monthly inatalments. Write for
prospectus. E. Fulcher, Box 673,
Brandon, Man.
60   YEARS'
Trade Marks
^^^^^^^^^^   Copyrights Ac.
AnvonopomltiiR a sketch nnd description niar
i. til.'l.Iv ascertain our opinion free uln-ther an
invention im prnhnlilv imleiit.-ihlo. (oimnliilira.
Iloimlrlollyi'oiilliloiilliil. HANDBOOK on Patents
Hunt freo. oiliest littetlcy for swiirliitr patents.
i'nmuts taken lliroituti .Munn & Co. receive
■I'tri'il notice, «it limit cnarito. In ttio
, Imnrtnonioly Hit
llllll Kill  (if  iltlV M
yeur: four mouth
A Imndnoniply lllnntrnled weekly. I, unrest circulation of any ddentlllo Jourual. Terms, 13 a
year: four mouths, (1. Sold byalt newsdealers.
Branch unlet,. 636 V St. Was-iiuittnn. 11. C.
WANTED—Miners to keep away
(torn the Nicola Valley, as the
strike is ilill on.
Is your name on the voters' list.
What to Bead on Socialism
Br Charles H. Kerr, Editor ol the International
Socialist Review.    Elgbtr beautifully  printed
fames, with many portraits ol socialist writers,
ncludea a simple, concise statement of the principles of socialism. One copy free on request,
10 mailed for 10c; 100 for tl.00; 1,000 for 110.00.
163 Klnxle gtrggt, Chloago, III.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Issued WJm&ll)WunTXtuMmt Ummenffis^oT^Mc*
Union-made Cigars. ,
1 NMtEltor rHEOdMUHin-lllIUUUTIOIW.UMOIItf *•»«,. ,»»J«il«>»oevotedteltoad-;
am efin w an smmm uo-fout u, m£
,d a tea,t!u,liMisltaWMksiMan1na tola,
"SIMILE V r tt. J* (." r/. truntrs
Which  Stands for a Living' Wage
Vancouver Local 357.
|]| If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range. /
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate oi cost of
installing the gac pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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