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Western Clarion Nov 13, 1909

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 iSSam 553.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, November 13, 1909.
sabserlpuoa Pries
Ftt VUI
Sl.00
ADDRESS TO WORKERS
SOME POINTERS FOR CONSIDERATION AND SUGGESTIONS
AS TO THE LINE OF ACTION THE WORKING CLASS
MUST FOLLOW IF IT IS TO EMANCIPATE ITSELF
FROM THE TYRANNY OF CAPITALIST RULE AND
ROBBERY.
On the 26th of the present month
you will again be called upon to elect
members of the Provincial legislature
for the ensuing term.
Presumably you will wish to elect
those who will further your interests
as workingmen, to the extent that
those interests can be conserved in a
parliamentary assembly.
To make no mistake In your selection, it is absolutely necessary that
you become familiar with the reasons
why certain candidates in the field can,
it elected, do much to safeguard your
interests, while others could not do so
however well intentloned they might
happen to be.
This province, like all other parts of
the world at present, is ruled by capital.
The resources of the earth and the
means of production are capitalist property, owned and controlled by a comparatively small number of people
and many of whom do not live in tbe
province or anywhere near it.
The industries of the province are
carried on exclusively for the purpose
of making profits for the aforesaid
owners.
You workers alone bring forth, by
your labor, all of the wealth out of
which such profits are paid.
Out of the wealth you produce, you
receive what is termed wages, which,
upon the average, is little, if any, more
than sufficient to keep you ln fair working condition.
That you do receive wages is purely
incidental to the process of Capitalist
profit-getting, and arises from the fact
that you must have food, etc., in order
to be able to work and thus produce
the profits so dear to the capitalist
heart.
So long as Capital rules, your interests can only be advanced by increasing your wages, or shortening your
hours of labor, which, by the way, is
equivalent to the same thing.
If your wages were actually increased, the profits of Capital would be lessened to the same extent.
If your wages can be lessened, the
profits of Capital could be Increased
thereby.
These are facts so obviously plain,
that presumably even you will find no
difficulty in grasping them.
The interest of your employers Is to
reap as much profit as possible by
screwing your wages down to the lowest possible point.
Your Interest lies ln obtaining as
good wages as possible, regardless ot
the effect it may have upon the profits
ol your employers.
As Capital is ln control ot all the resources and means of production, you
are compelled to submit to the terms
ot the Capitalists whether those terms
are to your liking or not.
- This ougbt to make lt plain to you
that your highest and best Interest lies
COMRADES OF THE OKANAGAN.
As you all know, the election is
nearly upon us now, and our campaign
fund Is not nearly what could have
been expected, in fact we cannot begin to cover expenses. Comrades, do
you want us to carry the campaign
through as Intended? If you do, then
everybody lend a helping hand, it
will make the burden lighter. Comrades in other provinces not excluded.
Everybody help.
Address all contributions ln cash or
postal notes, as there is no money
order office at Mara, to H. C. D. Gllde-
meester, Secretary Campaign Committee, Mara, B. C.
Collected to date $149.20.
COMOX.
Com. Jas. Cartwright has been nominated candidate for Comox. Funds
are urgently required immediately and
should be sent to
ISAAC PARKIN,
Sandwick, B. C.
Don't vote tor the Socialists unless
you know why.
in breaking the present Capitalist control of the resources and means of production, so that your own class, the
working class, may become master
of its own means of life.
The Interests of Capital and Labor
conflict at every point.
Whatever one side may gain the
other must lose.
For this reason no man can at the
same time represent them both.
If he conserves the interest of one
he must betray that of the other.
When Capitalist politicians tell you
that they are going to protect your interests in houses of parliament, or
anywhere else, they simply lie.
Their function in present day society
is to defend the interest of Capital
against the encroachments of any hostile interest that may arise.
As the only hostile interest possible
is that of the workers, it is obvious
that the functions of the Captallst
politicians is to defend Capitalist property against the working class.
The so-called Liberal and Conservative Parties are merely aggregations
of Capitalist politicians.
Whichever bunch happens to he on
top for the time being makes not a
scintilla of difference to you.
Each gets its orders from the same
source and that is the dominant Capitalist Interests of the- Province, Dominion and Empire.
In either case you and your class
are skinned to the same old tune of
"God Sftve the King."
The only men who ever yet were
sent to the Provincial house to represent the working class are the three
Socialists, Hawthornthwaite, Williams,
and Mclnnls.
These three have at all times, in season and out, pushed forward the demands of the working class and that
too, against the entire balance of the
house, both Liberal and Conservative.
This fact alone ought to show you
the line to follow in this and all succeeding elections.
Sometimes you inaugurate a boycott
against some firm or corporation which
has proven especially obnoxious.
It is high time you engaged ln a
permanent boycott against all brands
of Capitalist political dope, no matter whether peddled by Liberal, Conservative, or Labor decoy.
A skunk by any other name would
produce much the same effect oa the
olfactories.
Occasionally you go on strike against
the oppression and extortion of your
masters.
Of all the days In the year, election
day is the one upon which you should
strike as one man against the continued rule of Capital and the robbery i
of your class.
In this Province you have an excel-!
lent opportunity to strike effectively'
on the forthcoming election day.
The Conservative bunch haB no logical reason to offer for its continued existence beyond a so-called railway policy that is ridiculous enough to make a j
monkey throw a fit.
As your class, the working class, has
already built 250,000 miles of railway
on this continent and does'nt even own
as much as one cross-tie, if you are
caught by McBride's railway policy
you are "dead easy."
The Liberal bunch having neither
issue" nor sack" may be classed
among the things that are dead but
don't know it.
A capitalist political bunch might
sail through a campaign minus an issue and still be taken seriously, but
without a "sack" the situation becomes
altogether too humorous for the safety
buttons.
Whether the working class delegation ln the house is strengthened, remains as it Is, or is wiped out, depends
upon your actions on November 25.
The eyes of your fellow victims of
Capitalist rule and-robbery throughout
the Dominion are upon you.
It is up to you to act like men ln
behalf ot your class Interests or like
slaves ln defense of your masters'.
E. T. K.
SOCIALIST CANDIDATES
COMOX—
JAS. CARTWRIGHT.
CRANBROOK—
J. W. FITCH.
FERN IE	
JOHN HARRINGTON.
GRAND FORKS-
JOHN McINNIS.
GREENWOOD—
GEO. HEATHERTON.
NANAIMO—
J. H, HAWTHORNTHWAITE
NELSON—
J. H. MATHESON.
NEWCASTLE-
PARKER WILLIAMS.
OKANAGAN—
J. F. JOHNSON.
REVELSTOKE—
H. KEMPSTER.
ROSSLAND—
GEO. CASEY.
SLOCAN—
WM, BENNETT.
VANCOUVER—
P. GARVDS,
e. t. kingsley,
w. m. mackenzie,
m. McGregor,
r. p. pettipiece.
victoria—
GEO. OLIVER.
YMIR—
A. M. OLIVER.
B. G. POLITICAL BONEYARD
"UNWEPT, UNHOHORED AND UNSUNG'
YOU VOTE FOR THEM
THEY VOTE AGAINST YOU
RECORDS OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA LEGISLATURE,
SHOWING HOW THE LIBERAL AND CONSERVATIVE
REPRESENTATIVES, FOR WHOM THE WORKERS
VOTED, HAVE REPEATEDLY VOTED AGAINST THE
WORKERS.
UBM (1905)
in 1905 Hawthornthwaite introduced
the "Smelters Bill," the passing ol
which would have enforced the eight-
hour law in smelters. This labor
measure received the following contemptuous treatment in division: For,
12— Hawthornthwaite, Williams, Davidson, Henderson, Houston, McNeven,
Jones, Clifford, Fraser, Gifford. Mc-
Gowan, Shatford. Against, 26.—W. W.
B. Mclnnes, Drury, King, Brown.
Oliver, Murphy, Evans, Tanner, Mun-
ro, Patterson, Hall, Cameron, Tatlow,
McBride, Cotton, Ellson, Bowser, Rose,
McDonald, Green, Fulton, Garden,
Wright Young, Grant, Taylor.
In the same session Hawthornthwaite introduced the "Coal Mines
Regulations Act," the object of which
was to secure more effectually the
eight-hour day in coal mines.
Ten Liberals and five Conservatives
voted against this bill, and six Liberals and eleven Conservatives voted for
it. It would appear from these votes
that "the reform party" is not all It
professes to be ln relation to labor.
(1906)
In the session of 11)06 the Socialists
introduced various bills dealing with
woman's suffrage, election deposits,
small debts acts, all of which were
turned down  by large  majorities.
Davidson of Slocan introduced once
more the "Eight Hours in Smelters
Bill," but to no avail. It was defeated
by a vote of 19 to 17. Study the names
of those voting against it.
Murphy. Tanner, Oliver, Munro, Patterson, Hall, Tatlow, McBride, Cotton,
Ellson, Clifford, Bowser, Fraser, Roes.
Maedonald, Macgowan, Fulton, Taylor,
Grant.
(1907)
In 1907 Hawthornthwaite introduced
"The Workman's Compensation Bill,"
which was of the greatest interest to
wage-workers. Consequently it was
defeated by a vote of 21 to 16. The following friends ot labor voted for its
downfall:
Tatlow, McBride Fulton, Ellison,
Bowser, Roes. Shatford, McPhllllps,
Thompson, Hunter, Cotton, Young,
Taylor, Macgowan, Gifford, Grant, Mc-
Gulre, Hayward, Parson, Davey,
Schofield.
The "General Eight-Hour Day Bill"
was introduced by John Mclnnls of
Grand Forks; this bill provided for
the enforcement of the eight-hour law
In all the Industries of the province.
Defeated. For, 4; against, 30. Look
at this list of workingmen's friends:
King, Naden, Yorston, Kergin, Oliver, Maedonald, Henderson, Munro,
Brewster, Tatlow, Fulton, Ellison,
Bowser, Ross, Thompson, Hunter, Cotton, Young, Taylor, Mcgowan, Grant,
MeGuire, Uehnson, Manson, Garden,
Hayward, Mackay, Parson, Davey,
Schofield.
(1908)
In 1908 labor legislation met its
Waterloo in the final sitting of'the
House.
The "Dangerous Employments Bill,"
which aimed at eliminating Oriental
labor from the industries of the province, found only four supporters, three
of whom were the Socialist members.
The "General Eight-Hour Bill," again
introduced by Comrade Mclnnls met
an exactly Identical fate.
Hawthornthwalte's "Eight-Hours in
Shipyards Bill" could only rally to its
support three Socialists and one Liberal.
Parker Williams' old friend, "The
Fortnightly Pay Roll," fared a little
better, flndlnF 16 supporters and 21
knockers.
(1909)
The session of 1909 was made memorable In the history of the working
class movement for the two-fold reason that all labor legislation was consistently thrown overboard and a deliberate attempt was made, with partial success, to disfranchise the workers.
A proposal to abolish the poll tax,
made by the Socialists on the strength
THAT RAILWAY POLICY
WHY WE HAVE "RAILWAY POLICIES" INFLICTED UPON
US, AND HOW THE WORKERS ARE TO BE MADE TO
BUILD A RAILWAY WHICH WILL THEN BE GIVEN TO
A GANG OF CAPITALISTS WHO DO NOT EVEN FURW
NISH THE CAPITAL.
In new and undeveloped countries a
very large part of the wealth of the
rich comes, not from the direct exploitation of labor, but by grabbing
the natural resources, such as Lands,
Mines, Timber, Waterpowers, etc., paying therefor to the government, a
merely nominal price, often nothing at
all, and turning these things over at a
greatly enhanced price to the direct
exploiters.
This grabbing process is known as
"developing the country." When a
given tract of country has been "developed" in this way it ls found that
"we" require a railway to "open up"
the country. The capitalist will not
take the goods off the hands of the
grabber or speculator, until means of I   Studied in detail, it is very evident  V
transportation are provided to enable'
him to reach a market.
This is the position ln British Columbia at the present time. The alluvial
deposits of the Northern interior have
been leased, and "John Hopped," as far
as they are known. Every known
block of agricultural land has been
staked by farmers that wouldn't know
a turnip from a cucumber. The coal
lands of the South-east Kootenay, the
Yale, the Bulkley, and even the Peace
River districts, have been peddled oft
to such hardy prospectors, as "Emily
Love McCatt, spinster, St. Catherines,
Ont.," and every block of timber within a hundred miles of everywhere has
been staked, and the same is true of
the waters available for irrigation.
Everything in sight, and much that Is
not in sight has been "developed." To
give these things an actual, instead of
a speculative value, railways must be
built, and the man who can build the
the largest mileage, with his mouth, in
one night, is a mighty man in Politics.
When any considerable number of
these sharks are to be provided with a
railway at, or about the same time,
and the railway company also Is to be
spoon fed, the scheme is known as a
Railway Policy       	
A Railway Policy is a handy thing
to have around at election time, furthermore an old line Political Party
without a railway corporation, to see,
occasionally, feels like a farmer without a cow.
The C. P. R., and the G. T. P., are
federal institutions and cannot be expected to appreciate the difficulties of
the numerous local administrations, so
the McBride Party is going to be up-
to-date and have a railway company of
Its own. The Canadian Northern ls to
build a road from tbe Alberta boundary,  diagonally  across  the   Province,
crossing to Victoria, of course, then
up to Barclay Sound. The line will be-
some 600 miles long, and, from the
maps in the Conservative papers, I
would judge lt will be.about 12 mile*
wide.
A peculiarity about railroads ls that
where there is no railroad, the people
are persuaded to everlastingly cry tor
one, and where there Is a railroad they
take quite naturally to crying for another, in the hope that, competition
may relieve them from the oppression
of the one which they have. Until
Kamloops is reached the.proposed new
road will meeet the first demand, from ^
that point to the Coast lt meets the
of the government's boasted  surplus,
was defeated by a vote of 31 to 6.
The "Eight Hours In Metalliferous
Mines Bill" (J. Mclnnls) was defeated
by 23 to 14.
The "Solid Twenty-three" were:
Tatlow, McBride, Bowser, Cotton, Ellison, Rose, Shatford, Thompson, Hun-
ter, Fulton, Young, Taylor, Garden,
McGowan, Gifford, Grant, Behnson,
Manson, Hayward, MeGuire, Mackay,
Davey, Schofield.
Doubtless scenting the approach of
a general election and feeling conscious of the fact that the working
class could hardly be expected to
rally to the Bupport of their proven
enemies as sheepishly as heretofore,
Bowser's bill to disfranchise workers
temporarily living in another constituency, was hailed with joy by all but
the Socialist members. It passed the
second reading on a straight vote, only
the Socialists voting against lt.
However in committee, Comrade
Mclnnls Introduced an amendment
which would make the bill a little less
unfavorable to wage-workers. The
Socialists succeeded ln forcing the
government to accept this, but only
by the adoption of extreme obstructive tactics. The Liberal representatives made a complete change of face,
voting In committee for what they
voted against on second reading.
If you  don't know enough to vote
for yourself, stay home and go to bed.
that the temporary exigences of Party
Polities have dictated tbe proposed
route. A railway once built is likely
to remain in the same place for some
time, the question of economy in operation during the long years, of the future
being closely studied. This proposed
road wobbles off down through the
Delta Electoral District to an impossible point on the coast near Point
Roberts—all because our windy friend,
John Oliver, was recently selected aa
leader of the Liberal apology for an opposition. A car ferry ls to carry every?
thing across the gulf and, for the
twenty-fifth time since confederation,,
the sleepy old City of Victoria is to
be caught with railway vapour, and
this again, because a quartet of Tory
representatives have nothing in- their
record to recommend them.
The regular orthodox way to get
these election railway plants into Victoria is via Seymour Narrows, but Premier McBride might have put a little-
more originality into.the thing, and'
made the Gulf passage by airships, tor
it is an absolute certainty that the
airships wil be able to flop off with a,
car or two before this road as now
proposed will reach Victoria.
The financial details are as follows:
The workers of Canada will dig, and
drill and hew, and build, and equip
the road. Other workers will grow
wheat, weave cloth and so on, to feed
and clothe them, a medium of exchange (money) will be required to
enable these workers to trade with
each other, this will be obtained in
London, England, on the strength of
the credit of the Province of British
Columbia. Tbe road when completed
will be handed over as a present to a
band of parasites calling, themselves
"The Canadian Northern."- But we are
not through with It yet. These parasites will barnacle all their poor relations unto the fourth and fifth generation, on to the pay-roll at fancy salaries, and if the railway falls to stand
this and pay fourteen hundred dollars
per mile annually, as profits, then the
fellow that pays taxes In British Columbia, will make a donation ot eight
hundred and forty thousand dollars to
the company each year. The Province
is to hold a first mortgage on the road.
This Is to give us a means of disciplining the company ln case It should at
[ any time refuse to accept the (840.000.
There Is a further Bchemo along the
Kettle River In the Grand Forks lo-
cality.in the shapo of an alleged railway, locally known as the "Hot Air
Line." The locomotives on this line
burn wood, and travel fully seven
miles per hour. Tho great Conservative Railway Policy includes a donation of three-quarters of a million dollars to some unknown gentlemen to
bring about the continuation of thla
road to connect with the 0. P. R. at
Nicola. When the smoke has cleared
away It wlll be found that the C. P. R.
was duly represented at the making
of this Railway Policy.
The Conservative Press tells us in
large type that In these railway contracts labor has been protected. "No
Asiatics to be employed and the standard rate of wages to bo paid. Workers
who have had experience in the Prince
Rupert country will be surprised to
learn that In the contract between the
(Continued on Page 4)
\ TWO
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(64
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nest issue.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13TH; 190»
WHEBE WE STAND.
Of course you are not fool enough
to believe in Socialism, but it may be
worth your while to read this article,
.because there is a barrel of money
waiting for you if you can refute any
Ot the propositions it contains. It is
not about Socialism much anyway; it
is mostly about capitalism.
Capitalism i is the state of society
.under which we are living now. It ls
.called capitalism, because it is ruled,
ahd robbed, by capitalists, the owners
at capital.
Capital is generally regarded as being so much money, which is exactly
.what lt is not. The resources of the
earth, the mines, mills, factories and
/arms are capital, but only when they
are used to exploit the workers.
The farmers, miners, lumbermen,
etc., plough and dig and saw out of the
•natural resources of the earth the raw
materials, the grain, wool, cotton, coal,
ore, lumber, and so forth. Other workers transport these raw materials to
where yet others work them up into
the goods that are sold on the market.
All through this process of production
the workers are compelled to surrender these things into the hands of the
capitalists, the owners of the natural
resources, of the means of transportation, of the machinery of production
generally.
The workers have no claim upon the
foods they produce, as they have been
jiaid for the labor they have performed
in producing them.' All these things
belong to the capitalists because they
own the capital.' All the workers re-
celve, and all they are entitled to un-
, der capitalism, is, at the best, a living,
i and, in the vast majority of cases, a
.bare  existence.    The difference    be;
. tween what the workers receive and
-.what they produce Is, .roughly, the pro-
t*t of the capitalists.
With the money the capitalists receive by the sale of the goods the
.workers have produced for them they
jtblre other workers to build new rail-
- ways to develop new countries and
- fresh' natural resources, to open up
new mines, lumber woods, and farms.to
build new mills-land- factories, Where
i more < workers .may be set to work to
- produce  more  profit'on-vthe    same
terms, a lining, or a. subsistence.      I
So that itumay be seen that the
workers produce not only all the goods
-which the capitalists sell, but also all
the capital the capitalists own.
The farmers are compelled to surrender their produce into the hands
of capitalists, or their agents, because
ihey themselves.do not own the means
of completing the. production of their
commodities, of milling, of spinning
and weaving, of transportation to the
consumer. Consequently they are at
Ihe mercy df -the -capitalists and are
compelled to sell, their produce at a
price which brings them only a bare
And hard-won-living.
The wage-workers; ewning no means
of production, are compelled  to seek
. employment at wages from the capl-
and are also at the mercy of
-capitalists and are compelled to
accept wages  which  afford them, on
the average, a mere subsistence,
Aa the means and methods of transportation are improved and extended,
as new areas are -brought under cultivation and within. reaoh ot the market, fresh armies of tolling farmers
are brought into competition with the
old. Not only is farm matched
.against farm, and orchard against orchard, but crop against crop, continent
against continent; and ever the farmer's lot grows harder.
As countries become more populous,
labor-saving machinery more perfect,
Skill more superfluous, woman's labor
it matched against man's, child labor
against woman's, yellow against white;
and there accrues to the workers an
ever increasing measure of misery
and wretchedness; to Ihe capitalists
an ever-swelling stream of profits.
Never ln the world's history did
-wealth so sbound. Never ln the
world's history was the poverty of the
wealth   producers  deeper   or    wider.
Year by year the lot of those who toil
grows more bitter. The world over idle
starving millions, footweary, tramp
the streets seeking a master, or, hopeless, cower in some mean "charity"
shelter; or, desperate, end the dreary
struggle. Women sell their virtue,
finding no other sale for their bodies,
or only such a pitiful pittance as will
not serve to keep the body from want.
Children, ln the playtime of their
lives, drag out a,, happily, brief existence of deadly drudgery, and cough up
their little span of life that Christian
coffers may be filled.
Wealth is heapeM upon wealth, and
poverty is thrust upon poverty. Idlers
ruffle lt in silks and satins, in broadcloth and jewels, and wine and dine
and wallow in their riches. Toilers
sweat and slave and die in destitution
and misery, in degradation and bitterness, ragged, hungry and hopeless
millions.
And this is Capitalism, which your
politicians and pulpiteers uphold and
defend. This ls the noble structure
you are warned that the Socialists
would destroy. Would we? Yes, from
the foundations up.
The day is not far distant when this
accursed system will be forever wiped
from .off the earth. World-wide as our
misery is our revolt. In all lands the
workers are awakening and banding
themselves together with that one end
in view. Learning with each day to
bate more bitterly this foul blot upon
humanity's record. Resolving each
day more firmly never to cease from
their efforts. Growing ever In numbers till they march now millions
strong, under the common flag and toward a common goal.
As it is Capital that ls the source
of all these evils, Capital shall be destroyed. As it Is the ownership of
the means of production that enables
the capitalists to seize the products of
labor, that ownership must be abolished. Labor itself shall own the
means of life, the natural resources it
has developed, the railways, mills and
factories it has built. With these the
collective property of the producers,
they will be free individually to enjoy
the wealth they co-operatively produce; beholden to none for subsistence, cringing to none for a livelihood.
Between us and our goal stand the
powers of government which protect
and defend the capitalists In their
ownership of the means of life. Those
powers of government we must therefore seize that we may use them to
uproot the system they now uphold.
That is the lesson the workers must
learn, and to carry that message our
spokesmen are in the field. Toilers,
give heed!
YOUR  RECORD.
From now till election day you will
all be asking one another, "How are
you going to vote?" Just to be contrary, we seize the occasion to ask
you, how did you vote last time, and
how do you like the result? If you
voted Conservative or Liberal, you
have every reason to be satisfied with
the result, if you happen to be a labor
skinner, a lawyer, or a land shark.
But if you are a wage-worker or a
farmer, just read the extracts from
the records of the House, on page one,
and then tell us honestly where you
prefer to be kicked.
You will notice that these Conservatives.and Liberals, who are so bitterly
assailing one another just now, had no
trouble then in getting together ln
happy unity and flattening out every
labor measure that blew along. They
had most violent altercations as to
which bunch of capitalists should be
given the water powers and so forth,
but when it came to labor measures,
there was perfect harmony, so much
so that it could be agreeably arranged
as to who, to save his record, should
vote for such and such a bill and who
should walk out, provided always
enough Votes could be cast against it
to turn It down. Their "parly lines"
seemed to disappear quite suddenly.
There is a great deal of humor in
that record, but we are afraid you
won't see it, as the Joke is on you. It
is, Indeed, a whole series ot jokes on
you worked off by yourselves. For
that record runs back for years and it
shows that you have voted just like
that right along, without ever suspecting what blithering idiots you were
making of yourselves. You needn't
get your backs up about that; we are
not out trying to catch your vote, so
we can afford to call you blithering
idiots, and, what is more, you can't
disprove it, however mad you may get
about it. You can't get away from
your record and we can produce a
whole lot more evidence from the
same source.
And you can't blame it on the Honorable Dick or on Honest John, either.
They did perfectly right. They are
business men, nominated by business
interests, their campaign expenses
were paid by business men, and labor
legislation is very poor business. It's
true you voted for them, and maybe
It doesn't seem right that they should
always have voted against you, but lt
was quite right. "Business is business," and so is politics.
Time and again you have sent them
up and they have turned you down,
and you have sent them right up
again the next time, and we feel quite
sure you will do it again this time.
They come around and talk of you
as the Intelligent voters of British
Columbia, and you feel all swelled up
with intelligence. Read that record of
your intelligence on page one again.
Intelligent?   Your intelligence must
sure be human.    Even a mule would
not be fooled by the same empty oat
can more than about eleven times run-
i
nlng.
Go to it, you intelligent electors.
Take lots of it and rub it in your hair.
We can stand it about as long as you
can. We can always look at you and
ha\e a laugh anyway. Whatever you
do, don't vote Socialist, for you are
opposed to Socialism, which, also, ls
extremely v intelligent of you, as you
don't know the flrst thing about it.
Don't, for any sake, try to find out
what lt Is, as your brain might get
to working. Go right on voting for
lawyers and labor skinners. That's
your medicine, and It will cure you in
time.
Labor measures are much more useful when they are turned down than
when they are passed. When they are
passed, they would be, even if enforced, but a drop in the ocean of
working class misery; but they give
the capitalist politicians something to
brag about for the rest of their political careers. When they are turned
down, they are straight pointers to the
workers that capitalist politicians are
no friends of theirs.
8ATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13TH, 1909
comfort. I ask you, my dear brethren, is this not apparently in direct
contradiction to the statement contained in the text of the evening?
By Investigating a little deeper we
may obtain more light, therefore we
will proceed to enquire, "What manner of men are these?"
they obtain good meats
drink and good clothes
houses,   without  giving
Whence do
and good
and good
in   exchange
DOUR DROPS DONE DUN.
Slap! Bang! Here we are again.
We, the electors of British Columbia
are to chose another parliament. The
question to decide is this: Shall the
big capitalists who live nearly everywhere but here make the laws, or shall
we wage-earners and farmers send
men of our own class like Hawthornthwaite, Williams and Mclnnls to
fight for our interests? Do you want
representatives who believe ln capital-
Ism or those who want Socialism?
The election tricks of the Liberal
and Conservative, or capitalist parties
are much alike. They believe in encouraging the capitalists to work the
workers. Great schemes are held ln
front of the eyes of the electors, and
huge sums of money are talked of.
A dlghlt in the ribs, a paw swat on
the back, a scab cigar or the juice of
the grape and other like Inducements
are used to hornswabble you. You are
asked for your vote, or threatened with
loss of work.
Right here let me tell you to convince yourself how you will vote. The
ballot is secret when Socialist scrutineers are watching and though tbe
rule of the capitalist has made you
timid, vote as you please.
Consider the capitalist side of this
election. Notice the money they are
putting into it. It means millions to
them. If they succeed, then it Is
"Rats on the small business man! Let
him'go to blazes! Fool the farmers!
Smash the unions! Rob the workers !JI
The capitalists are the boys to make
the money. Give them the chance to
make the laws that give them the land,
the mines, the forests, the waterpower
and the railroads, and then you will
e things hum.
Consider our side of the question.
The Socialist party is still ln the ring.
We carry on an election in a decent,
straightforward manner. We throw
out no bait to catch votes. We ask
you and entreat you to study our platform and principles from our side, to
get your Ideas of Socialism from Socialists and convince yourself. If you
are for us. vote for the Socialist candidate. It you are against us, we are
able to stand capitalism as well as
most of our class, and must abide by
the decision of the people.
Electors of Western Canada, you
have no greater opportunity of doing
good than to use your vote for the
good of the great majority of the producers of wealth. Your class needs
your help. Your place is on our side.
Workers of the world, unite!
Get this question thrashed out in
your brains. Shall capitalism rule or
shall labor administer its own affairs
for the common good of those who do
the work?
TAQUE.
the work necessary for their production?
Very easily we find they are a class
of human beings who are living on the
earnings of others, either on money obtained in the form of interest, called
In the sacred Scriptures "usury" and
"anathema" in the same breath, or on
the profits extracted from the sweat,
aye brethren, and even the blood and
virtue of our fellow men and women.
For every person who has money Invested at Interest is committing an
act in contravention of the laws written for our guidance in the Pentateuch
and practiced in their entirety by the
early Christians, and every person who
lives upon the earnings of another
person is surely, by that very fact,
committing the sin of theft.
Therefore, my dear brethren, we are
forced to consider that the text which
forms the'basis of this short sermon
was not Intended to apply to present
conditions, but to some future time
when the lion will lie down with the
lamb alongside him, not inside him, as
some most blasphemous men say;
when peace and harmony will reign
upon earth among men, and every
man and woman and child will be just
in the sight of the Lord.
In the meantime we must content
ourselves with our position in life,
each as he finds It. Should you be
forced to sweat to provide feasts for
another, be patient, brethren, for it
is the inscrutible wisdom of God that
such should be.
Should your work be driving yoir to
premature death, should your daughters be driven on the streets to earn
sustenance, should your children be
driven to the factory when they
should be imbibing the learning of the
school and the sweetness of the home,
be patient, I say; were It not the will
of God it would not come to pass.
For. my dear brethren, has lt not been
said that God knoweth the number of
the grains of sand upon the sea shore
and that not a bird falleth from the
tree that he does not know of.
Indeed we are almost forced to believe that these people who live upon
the earnings of others are a blessing
to mankind inasmuch as they give opportunity to others to practice the
heroic virtues of patience, long suffering and humility. That, no doubt,
is their high vocation in life, and therefore after all, perhaps, the Word as
written is fulfilled.
"He that does not work, neither
shall he eat." F. M. T.
A SHORT  SERMON.
"He that does not work, neither shall
he eat."
My Dear Brethren:
In calmly meditating upon1 the
above words, it occurs to me that some
slight miscalculation has been made
by our Lord and Savior. Surely the
words are plain and Intelligible to the
most ordinary intellect of the most
ordinary human being.
For, as I look around me, I am
pained, my brothers, to see that there
ls verily and indeed a class of persons
who are like the lilies of the field in
so far as "they toil not, neither do
they spin." And yet they eat; and
not pnly eat, but live in luxury and
HOW WILL YOU VOTE?
How will you vote, fellow-worker?
Have    you   given    the    matter   a
thought?
Will you prove befooled when the last
votes polled,
By bribe or promise bought?
Will you vote for the same old parties
By whom you're bought and sold?
Wlll you bow once more, as you've oft
before,
To the cursed rule of Gold?
Will you vote to be saddled and bridled
And rode by a grafting crew?
Will you say that what   was    your
father's lot
Is good enough for you?
Will you vote to be human cattle?
For your babes to be the same?
Will yeu throw away your vote today
To their wrong and your shame?
Will you vote again for  the   master
class,
For their right to rule and rob?
Will you vote that the best you can
hope for the rest
Of life Ib (perhaps) a Job?
Good Board and Rooms
$6.00 Pet Week
SS6 5th Ave. Eait.
A job that is merely lent to you,
At your master's will to lose;
Thraldom for" you and your children,
too,
Ib this the lot you'll choose?
Will you vote for a life uncertain.
Which constant cares annoy?
To suffer need, to sweat and bleed,
That idlers may enjoy?
Or will you vote for a   grand   new
right?
The right to be really free,
The right to produce for the workers'
use,
The right to security.
Will you vote for the   Socialist   demand?—
THE  WORLD  FOR THOSE  WHO
WORK;
The means of wealth and comfort and
health,
And "naught for those who shirk."
Think of these things well, brother,
And it will come to pass
That your vote will be a vote.to be
free,v
A vote for the working class!
WILFRID GRIBBLE.
Socialist Directory
_ Every Local of the Socialist Party oi
Canada  should  run a  card under this  head
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
SOMXsTXOK EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE,
Socialist Party ot Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C. '
COLUMBIA   pbotwcxax,
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
AMMTA   PBOTIKCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postomce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box   647  Calgary, Alta.
PBOvnrciAi.    axBou-
tive Committee. Meets flrst and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary wlll be pleased to furnish
any information and answer any correspondence relative to the, movement.
Secretary, H. Saltzman, Room 16, Har-
rlson Block, Winnipeg, Man.	
OSTTAXIO   PBOVXHCXAI,   EXECUTIVE
Committee. Meets ln Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 1st and 3rd
Mondays. Organizer, W. Gribble, 134
Hogarth Ave., Toronto. P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape Ave. G. Colombo,
Italian Organizer, 224 Chestnut St.
LOCAL VANCOUVEB, NO.  1, 8. V. OjT
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 151 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
LOOAL   VASCOUVEB,   B.   0.,    NO.    46,
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays ln the month at 151
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Matt Mar-
tllla.
LOOAL MOYIE, B. O., NO. 30—MEETS
ue,1y ,?imdar' 7.:3° P"1' 'n McGregor
Hall (Miner's Hall), Mrs. Thornley
Secretary. ''
6°0AL BOSSLAND, No. 88, 8. *. Or 0-
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday it
&30 Pi.m„A-,MoLeod, Secy" " O
Sox.S^4' R?»«land Finnish Branoh
meets in Flnlanders' Hall. Sundays at
?i3«°,P' "V  ir !ey>le' Se°y- P- O. Box
v66 Rossland, B. C.
LOOAL NBL«Mr, s. T. 01* 0,
every Friday evening at 8 p.m.. in
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organiser; I. A. Austin. StSy.
&OOAL nOBNIX, NO. 8. 8. T. OF O,
meets every Sunday at »:30 p.m.. !■
Miners' Hall Matt Hallday, Organ-
Izer.    H. K. Maclnnls, Secretary
LOCAL   XNNZaVAXL,
Charter    hangs    In
ALTA.,   NO.  3—
vimrier nangs ln secretary's log
shack, Hardacrabble Ranch, it mllei
West of Bowden. Business meetings
twice a month. Capitalism vs. Socialism continually being debated by tha
fe£er,al ,F„ubll0„ a.nd members of the
Local. Sky pilots and flunkey noltl-
S'ana cordially Invited to call and par
ticipate ln the Bport.
Welch.
Secretary, S. W.
LOCAL OALOABT, ALTA., NO. 4, 8. T.
ot  C.     Meetings  every   Sunday   at   8
i. in the Labor Hall, Barber Block.
hth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club
onU Reading Room, McTavlsh Block.
H„.ii7 nSe.co1d ,St- Ev, opposite Imperial
Hotel, D. A. Mcleaa, Box 647. Secretary,
A. Maedonald, Organizer,'   Box 647.
p.m
Elg
*"??** ■■"■yu*. ****.. no. ia, a.
£. °I c" me.ets every flrst and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall
C. Stubbs, Secy,
t0J?*?    OOJMMAtl.    ALTA.,    NO.    8.
Meets every Sunday night in tha
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are Invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
LOOAL VXCTOBXA, NO. 8, 8. T. OF O.
Headquarters and Reading Room.
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Fropoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre. Jan. Mclndoe, Secretary,
Room 1, 1319 Government St.
LOCAL NANAIMO, NO. 3, 8. F. of 0.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall; Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock!
Jack Place, Ree. Secy., Box  821.
LOOAL   FBBNEB,  8.  F.   of  O,  MOLD*
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting flrst Sunday in each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec. Box 164.
LOOAL OXBBNWOOD NO. 9, 8. F. OF
C, meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of eacli
month     Geo. Hea hertou,  Organizer; K   J.
Campbell, Secretary, Box 134. _
LOOAL VEBNON, B. 0., NO. 38, 8. F. OF
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
ln Tlmmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Geo. W. Patersou, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
LOOAL NSVEL8TOXE, B. C. NO. 7, 8.
F. of C. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m„ the fourth Thursday of each month ln lodge room .over
old post offlce, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F. Gayman,
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
LOOAL  FOBT MOODT, B.  0.,  NO.  41,
8. F. of C.—Business meetings first
Sunday in eacli month. J. V. Hull.
Secretary, Port Moody, B. C.
LOOAL     FBXNCE     BUF8BT,     B.     C,
meets every Sunday at 8 p.m., on the
street corners and various halls. J. B.
King,  Secretary.
LOOAL LADYMHTM. NO. 10, 8. F. OF
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. ln headquarters on First Ave.
Parker, Williams. Sec., Ladysmith, B. C
LOOAL EDMONTON,  ALTA., NO.  1, S.
ir. ot C.    Meets every Thursday at 8
P.m.,    In    Trades    and    Labor    "" "
Fourth St.    Busness
meetings combined.
Secy., 161 First St. £.., ...
Organizer, 623 Second St
     Hall.
Busness  and propaganda
ngs combined.    J.  R.  Huntbach.
161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrie.
LOOAL WXBYXFBO. 8. F. OF O. XSAD-
quarters, Klondyke Blk., cor. Pacific
and King. Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. W. Cummlngs, Organ*
izer. Secretary, Jas. Thomson, 6(4
Agnes St.
LOOAL TOBONTO, 8. F. OF 0.-	
llsh   Branch. Business    meetings
every second and fourth Thursdays in
each month, at Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide St. W. Speakers' Class meets
every Tuesday at 134 Hogarth Ave.
Will. R. Hilbert, Recording Secretary,
42 Beverley St.
LOOAL OTTAWA,  NO.  8,  8.  F.  OF O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday ln
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. In Roberts-
Allan Hall, 78 RIdeau St. A. J. Mc-
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
LOOAL  COBALT,   NO.   9,  8.  F.  OF  O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. in Miners'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Hotloy, Seoy., Box. 446.
LOOAL   BBBLIN,   ONT.,   NO.   4,   8.   F.
of c, meets every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, ut 8 p.m., 55
King St. E., opposite Market Hotel.
H. Martin. Secretary, 61 Weber 8t E.
LOCAL   MONTBBAL,   QUE.,   NO.   1,   8.
T. ot C—Meets ln Labor Hall. St.
Dominique street, Sundays at 3 p. m.
Headquarters No. 1 St. Charles Bor-
romee St. Otto Jahn, Secretary, 528
Chausse.
LOCAL OLAOB BAT NO. 1, OF N. 8.—
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Macdon-
ald's hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland, Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. O.
Ross, Financial Secretary, offlce ln U.
N. Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
Street.
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Columbia
Executive Board Member        ....      wm. Davidson, Sanden
DISTRICT ASSOCIATION  NO. 6.
A. McKinnon, Rossland
McKay, Greenwood
Preeident
Vice-Preeldent
Secretary-Treasurer
No,      Name Meeting
Night
Jno.
Thos.
A. Shilland, Sanden
Sec'y. r.O. Add.'
Box
Atlin    	
Camborne
Grand Forks..
Greenwood  ...
Hedley   	
Kaslo   	
Kimberly   ....
Lardeau   	
Marysvllle
M. ft S. U.
Wed
Wm. Wlnslow.
Wed   Patrick O'Connor.
Sat   v"     '-- —
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Moyie
Nelson     ISat
Sat
Wed
Sat
Sat
Sat
Sat
Mon
Wed
Phoenix
Rossland   ...
Sandon   	
Sllverton   ....
Slocan   	
Texada   	
Trail M ft M.
Ymir   	
C. Galrns	
James Tobln	
W. E. Hadden	
Charles Blrce Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett T. H. Rotherham.
Mike Mc Andrews.. H. T. Rainbow....
Joe Armstrong. JA. E. Carter	
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short I
B. Lundin  .
Malcolm  McNeill..
Paul  Phillips	
R.   Sllverthorn	
J. A. McKinnon...
L. R. Mclnnls....
Robert Malroy....
Blair Carter	
G. B. Mcintosh...
Wm. Hesketh	
A. Burgess	
I
Hays   ....
James Roberts.
J.
life Phillips
W. A. Plckard....
Ceo. Casey	
A.   Shilland	
Fred   Llebscher...
D.  B.  O'Neal 11	
T. T. Rutherford..
F.   D.   Hardy	
W.  B.  Mclaaao...
35
106
294
421
K
86
«0
888
377
606
Discovery
Camborne
Grand  Forks
Greenwood
Hedley
Kaslo
Kimberly
Ferguson
Marysvllle
Moyie
Nelson
Phoenix
Rossland
Sandon
Sllverton
Slocan City
Van Anda
Trail
Tmlr
C  PETERS pr,e,,e•l B,°'
•>. rc.ic.no oil|,NM,j„r
Hand-Made Bopti and  Shoes to order In
all styles.   Repairing promptly and neatly
ly done,    stock  or staple ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
2456 WntMliitir Avi.
AT EI IM T S
We solid, tne business of Manufacturers,
Engineers and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marlon, New York Life Bidg,
Montreal: r.nd WashiagUm. D.C, U.S.A.
TYOLAISET CANADASSA
Jos  tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolueesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohta.
"Tyokansa"
Bon 197, Pert Arthur, Oat.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kielinen sanomalehti, jo-
ka taistelee sinunkin puoleat.a.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Makui •InoMliaa, $1.50 vtoiikerti
"Viksleuka" Miktu, $1.15
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
National Theatre
Formerly the Cameraphone
58 HASTINGS ST. W. VANCOUVER, B. C. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13TH. 1W
THE  WESTERN  CLARION.
VANCOUVER.
■>aaa,a>sMs>sii
BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
THRU
THE SOCIAUST PARTY OF CANADA
TV" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
A SOCIALIST FUNERAL AT TORONTO.
For the first time since the organization of Toronto Local, death claimed
a comrade last Sunday night, Comrade
Robert T. Stroud passing away in St.
Michael's Hospital after three weeks
ot suffering, following his being
stricken down by an electric flame
from a blown-out electric fuse in a
building on which he was working.
He was but another added to the long
list of victims of capitalist greed.
About three years ago the writer induced Comrade Stroud to subscribe
tor the Western Clarion—an incident
to which the deceased comrade frequently referred as the beginning of
a new era in his life. He soon joined
the party and became one of the most
faithful and consistent workers. As
financial secretary of the English-
speaking branch, he always made it a
point to attend every open air and
hall meeting in order to receive dues
and stamp membership cards.
Comrade Stroud never sought the
lime-light, but was content to be one
ot the faithful and unknown workers
in the ranks who are the real
strength of a working class organization. He was a staunch revolutionist
and recognized the need of economic
education, his boarding house being
the meeting place of an economic
class he organized last winter. Although of a retiring nature, he was a
fighter and never missed an opportunity of securing a subscriber for the
Western Clarion, the International Socialist Review, or the Socialist Standard, of London, Bug.
A couple of yea's ago Comrade
Stroud was holding a job ln a slavt
pen in which to be known as a Socialist would have meant joining the numerous army of the unemployed. He
was a volunteer worker, however, ln
our municipal campaign and covered
a large district with manifestos, beginning work at midnight and rounding up at the writer's home at daybreak.
Beloved In his own family and appreciated as a true comrade In the Socialist Party, his supreme test came
during the three weeks during which
he suffered agony from the internal
and external burns which were too
deep to heal. Never once did he complain to his comrades or show fear of
death. He had lived a clean life, he
had been loyal to his brothers and
sisters, and he had striven his utmost
to bring nearer the revolution which
will free the working class from wage-
slavery. He could afford to be satis-
fled and strive to hide his sufferings
when complaint would only cause his
friends pain.
Comrade Stroud was laid to rest on
Wednesday, October 27th, a large
number of his Socialist comrades following his remains to the grave, while
the entire staff of his work-mates also
showed their respect by throwing
down their tools and attending the
funeral. No religious ceremonies were
held, Comrade Phillips Thomson
speaking briefly as follows:
"Comrades and friends, we meet
here today to pay a last tribute of respect and affection to a good and true
man, a staunch comrade and a zealous
worker in the cause of Socialism, suddenly removed from us by an untimely death.
"In whatever aspect it may come and
whether lt strikes the young, the aged
or the man of vigorous maturity, death
is always a terrible affliction to the
survivors, but lt is especially a cause
for sorrow when a young man, ln
health and strength and with the prospect of a useful and active life before
him, Is prematurely snatched away.
"Before the mortal remains of our
comrade are consigned to their last
resting place, It is fitting that we
Bhould testify our appreciation • of his
many excellent qualities of head and
heart, and his unselfish devotion to
the cause we hold dear.
"I could have wished that this task
had been assigned to some one more
Intimately acquainted with his private
and domestic life and more closely
associated with him in his work ,for
Socialism, and therefore better fitted
to do justice to his life and character.
But though not brought into frequent
contact with Comrade Stroud, I recognize to the full the value of his work
tor Socialism, the sincerity of his devotion to the cause and his kindly and
THE DIFFERENCE
Politics is in every man's mind and mind of the indifferent worker we re-
generous, disposition. His death is a
distinct loss to the movement, and his
place in the ranks will not easily be
filled. His services were not of that
character which win general recognition or popular applause. The hard
routine work ot organization and propaganda, unseen by the public, but most
important to the success of the movement, offers no such incentive to the
worker—no such opportunities of winning widespread appreciation or a
reputation for ability as are presented
by work on the platform or the press
—and I am afraid that we hardly value
as much as we should do the quiet,
unostentatious labors ot a less showy
character of tireless and energetic
workerB like Comrade Stroud, whose
only recompense is the consciousness
of duty well performed.
"To the surviving relatives we can
only tender our heartfelt condolence
and sympathy ln their affliction. We
mult all feel how vain and ineffective
are any words at such a time to mitigate their sorrow, and yet I trust It
may be some consolation to them to
realize how thoroughly the worth of
our late comrade is appreciated by all
of us and the esteem In which we hold
his memory.
"Socialism knows no religious creed.
It welcomes to Its ranks those of all
shades of theological opinion without
question as to what they believe so
long as they are willing to work for
the betterment of social conditions
and the emancipation of the working
class. But surely we may meet on
common ground, in holding that the
man who does his duty in this lite
and strives'unselfishly in the cause of
humanity, can meet death calmly and
without apprehension, and that if
there be a continuation of existence
beyond this life, with such a one it
will be well. Character, as it is built
up day by day by our thoughts and
actions, is the only thing in this world
of shadows and illusions that endures.
Preparation for life and right living
is the best possible preparation for
death.
"So live that when the last dread summons comes
To join the innumerable caravan
which leads
To that mysterious realm where each
must take
His chamber in tbe silent halls of
death;
Thou go not like the quarry-slave at
night,
Scourged to his dungeon, but sustained and soothed
By an unfaltering trust approach thy
tomb
Like one who wraps the drapery of his
couch
Around him, and lie; down to pleasant
dreams.'
"Comrade, friend! A last farewell!
May we so live that when pur time
comes to pass over to the majority,
our example, like yours, may be an inspiration to those who come after us
to try to make the world brighter and
better for their having lived In It.
The-services closed by the singing
of the flrst and last verses of "The
Red Flag":
"The workers flag is deepest red,
it's shrouded oft our martyred dead;
And ere their limbs grew stiff and cold,
Their heart's blood dyed its every fold.
"Then raise the acarlet standard high,
Beneath its folds we'll live and die;
Though cowards  flinch   and   traitors
sneer.
We'll keep the red flag flying here.
With heads uncovered swear we all,
To bear ft onward till we fall;
Come dungeons dark or gallows grim,
This song shall be our parting hymn."
The red flag button of the Socialist
Party of Canada which Comrade
Stroud had been proud to wear in life
was borne by htm to the grave. May
those of us still left to fight the battles of the working class do our duty
as faithfully and be as worthy of
bearing it to the end as he.
Comrade Stroud, who was only 29
years of age, leaves a widowed mother
and several brothers and sisters. One
brother, Fred. G. Stroud, was provincial secretary of the Socialist Party in
Ontario last year. All comrades will
sympathize with them in their sad
loss. , G. W. W.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
yoi M*3 vicar PPesi -w>.—-~i.< ».„„..
Union-made Cigars. .. ., ,
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uLsomk mt but wua^(nuwt>aM mm. imm.» «»dr.»m«a««J'
MMS|ss«IWI»»UM.sT»SEjyslllMltl|ISU»
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•     Which Stands for * Living Wage
Vancouver Local 3B7.
556
mouth these days. How are you going to vote? is the question that ls in
the air wherever two or three are
gathered to bale out the indispensable
"schooner," manipulate a deck of
cards, or for any purpose of pleasure
or occupation that seems good to them.
Many workingmen (for whose perusal
this ls written) reply, "Oh, I don't
know! What's the difference?" Others may reply, "Socialist, of course!
Do I look like a Liberal or Conservative to you? What ticket do you expect a workingman to vote, anyhow?"
Both answers afford an interesting
field of thought for anyone who is curious to find out the reasons for the
languid, not to say hopeless, Indifference ot the one, and the militant aggressiveness and decision of the other.
What are the causes that produce such
precisely opposite effects in the minds
of two units of the most numerous
class in the Province, at this time?
It will be necessary, to solve tbe
problem, to look at the field of political warfare now so busily occupied by
the contending parties, and study the
motive and objective of the wordy
strife. In the first place, who are the
contending 'parties, and what is the
difference in their respective platforms? Also, what interests do they
represent?
The ordinary man in the street will
Immediately Inform us that there are
three parties in the field, Liberal, Conservative and Socialist, and in that,
usual, being but a superficial observer as a rule, he will be wrong.
Wait a bit, and I will prove to you
that there are but two parties in the
field, and but two sets of interests to
be served. For I believe that in our
present society, composed as it is of
opposing Interests, no one political
party can serve the interests of all,
so long as those divisions exist.
Bear with me while I delve into history briefly to. support my statements.
In   England,   for   many  yearsT the
Conservative and Liberal parties had
some very vital and important issues,
on which they held widely divergent
opinions, and represented two bitterly
antagonistic elements in society.   The
former represented  the Interests    of
the great landed proprietors, the nobility and gentry, and their interests lay
in   keeping   the  workingmen  on   the
land, where they could exploit them.
They, of course, also demanded a high
| protective tariff on food stuffs.    The
capitalist class, newly come into possession of the inventions for the application of  steam to Industry, desired
to get the Workers into their factories,
mills, etc., where they could exploit
them, and demanded the abolition of
the tariff on food stuffs, so that the
laborers could live on a smaller wage,
and hand over Immense profits to their
masters, the capitalists, the owners of
the new machines.   The struggle culminated in the defeat of the landed
interests by the abolition ot the Corn
Laws, and modern capitalism,  represented  by  the  Liberal  party,  triumphantly leaped to the saddle, where it
has remained ever since.   I say it has
remained there ever since, for when
the estates of the landed interests no
longer proved to be so remunerative un
der the new regime as formerly, the
landowners invested in the highly remunerative capitalist industries then
In the very hey-day of their development, and the struggle has since degenerated into a quamel between difference sections of the one capitalist
class for the reins of government In
order to advance their respective Interests.
"Liberal" and "Conservative" now
no longer convey any Idea of a difference ln principle. They both stand
for capitalism, "naked, brutal, and unashamed," the most Insidious, degrading side by side, but a community of
of human slavery the world has ever
seen, under which the honor of men,
the virtue ot women, and the happiness of children are objects ot sale
and barter, and human life ls the
cheapest commodity on Its bargain
counter.
So much for history. As in' England, so in Canada, but not having to
throw off the incubus of a landed aristocracy, the capitalist class of Canada
has kept up the pretence of a struggle for principle which Is ln reality
nothing more than a scrap between
representatives (or lackeys, more properly speaking, for the large capitalists
now rarely offer themselves for election, being content to keep In the
background, and direct the dirty work)
of different capitalist Interests, for the
opportunity to serve their masters ln
any way required, no matter how abject a renunciation of human feeling
and prostitution of intellect such a
service must entail. It only needs a
glance at the platforms of the "two"
parties to convince anyone who has
eyes to set that the tight uetn-een them
Is merely as to who has the best
scheme to forward the interests of
their common master—capital.
Having thus placed the Conservatives and Liberals where they belong,
we.can understand the    attitude    of
ferred to at the beginning. He instinctively feels that lt makes no difference to him whether Liberals or
Conservatives will serve his masters
best. In that he ls right. They are
actually but the two wings ot the vulture of capital, and the vulture will
still hold him in its grip, and while
it robs him ot the product of his toll,
leaving him but a bare existence, will
continue to fatten and enrich his master, the capitalist His hopeless Indifference Is explained.
To understand the reply of the Socialist we must pursue the same methods—review the composition of the
Socialist Party, what interests lt
stands for, and how those interests arc
represented.
I have said that no one political
party can, ln a society such as ours,
Composed as It is of warring elements,
represent and stand for the interests
of the whole of society. The S. P. of
C, in common with the Socialist parties of all other countries, is founded
on that fact.   It claims to represent
book can be procured from any local j|
Organization, or from tbe Provincial
Secretary ln Vancouver.
The first quotation ls this: "Just ln
this fact lies our strength, that we
are not like the others, and that we
are not simply not like the others, and
that we are not simply different from
the others, but that we are their deadly enemy who have sworn to storm
and demolish the Bastlle of Capitalism, whose defenders all those others
are. Therefore, we are only strong
when we are alone."
And again: "On the ground of the
class struggle we are Invincible; If we
leave It we are lost, because we are
no longer Socialists. The strength
and power ot Socialism rests ln the
fact that we are leading a class struggle; that the laboring class la exploited and oppressed by the capitalist
:lass, and that within capitalist society effectual reforms, which will put
in end to class government and class
nploltatlon, are impossible. * * *
ffe must break with the ruling system, and fight it to a finish."
Reader, how are you going to vote?
J. H. B.
CAPE BRETON CONVENTION.
the interests of one class only—the
working class—and ls therefore opposed to all other political parties, and
can have no alliance nor enter Into
any compromise with them without
ceasing to represent the working class.
Such a party must necessarily look to
and receive from the workers alone
that support and recognition which is
necessary to its existence as a political organization, and also, it must be
owned and managed by the workers.
The S. P. of C. is all this. Its officials are elected hy the dues-paying
membership, its candidates for office
are chosen and nominated by them; at
all times they have the power to call
any of them to account when their
actions do not coincide with the principles and wishes of the party, and its
financial accounts are open at all
times to any member in good standing who may demand to see them.
So much for its composition and
management. What are its principles?
Look at the platform on the last page
and you wlll find them there set forth
as clearly and succintly as language
can do it. The basic fact in that
statement of principles is that there
is a class-war in society, the contending parties being the capitalist class,
represented here and there by the Liberal or Conservative party, and the
working class, represented- by the Socialist Party alone. The objective
round which the struggle wages, the
prize of battle, is the possession of
the reins ot government, the capitalists seeking to retain it, and the workers determined to secure it for themselves. What makes the power of government such an important stake is
the fact that it is the bulwark, the citadel, which ensures to the capitalist
class the ownership of all the means
of wealth production and distribution
that are necessary to the existence of
society, and, as a necessary corollary,
the right to rule and rob those who
have no such ownership—the working
class, those who are distinguished by
the fact that they have no other
means of existence but the sale of
their physical and mental capacities
to the owners of the machinery of
production ,at a price that is nicely
calculated to keep them in working
condition as long as the capitalist can
extract profit from the transaction
no more and no longer.
Once having obtained possession of
the governmental power, the Socialist
Party will use it to put the ownership
and management of all the socially
operated and socially necessary machinery of wealth production into the
Lands of those who alone have created
and operated lt—the working class—
and substitute production for the benefit of the producers for production for
the profit of an unnecessary and harmful capitalist class.
The objective of the class struggle
having thus been secured by the workers, the cause of the struggle will
have been removed, and class distinctions will die out as the new order
unfolds Itself, by the declaration that
the whole machinery of social wealth
production be the property of society
as a whole, and the removal of all
barriers of access to lt by requiring
that each and all do their share of the
social task if they would enjoy the
social benefits derived therefrom. For
the flrst time ln history there will be
no masters and slaves, exploiters and
exploited, opulence and misery, existing side by side, but a commounity of
partners in a co-operative commonwealth, the brute struggle of existence
removed, with ample leisure for Individual development and recreation.
We have now finished the task we
set ourselves. We have analysed and
dissected the two contending parties,
Investigated their principles, and laid
bare the real hone of contention over
which the fight rages. Little more remains to be said, but In conclusion I
would like to put before you some
words of Liebneeht, from his pamphlet, "No Compromise, No Political
Trading," In which he points out the
road the Socialist Party must travel
It it remains true to Its ideals.    The
Jlfore and Tfow
By "LEEDS"
On the 25th of October the Socialists of Cape Breton met in Glace Bay
to hold a convention. Locals Glace
Bay, Sydney, Sydney Mines and Dominion No. 6 were largely represented.
The convention was .called to consider the advisability of taking political action in the next provincial election.
The morning session was spent in
hearing reports of the visiting comrades about the work carried on ln
their respective localities. A representative committee of five were appointed to draw up resolutions for
the afternoon session.
During the afternoon the following
resolutions were dlcussed and carried
unanimously:
Resolution Re Political Action.
Whereas the present industrial system is based on the exploitation of the
worker, the working class being under
the necessity of selling its labor power for what maintains a bare existence, and
Whereas this condition can only be
remedied by the abolition of the present wage system under which all production is carried on for the profit of
the capitalist class, and
Whereas all other political parties
under whatever name known stand for
the maintenance ot the present system of exploitation;
Therefore be in resolved that the
Socialist Party of Cape Breton contest this constituency at the next provincial election on this issue, and
Be it further resolved that an appeal be made to tbe working class of
Cape Breton to rally to the support
of the Socialist Party in an effort to
secure its own emancipation.
Re Proposed Visit of W. D. Haywood.
That we recommend, if at all feasible, to have Comrade Haywood in our
midst and have a tour arranged
amongst the Locals of the party ln
Cape Breton, and that the co-operation of every individual of the working class be urged to make it a success.
Resolution Re Article In "Standard."
Whereas ln a recent issue of the
Glace Bay Standard, a paper published
ln the interests of the Liberal-Conservative party in this town, there appeared a disparaging criticism of our
comrade, W. D. Haywood of Denver,
Colorado, who ls at present touring
the Continent under the auspices of
the International Socialist Party.
Therefore be it resolved that we
strongly resent this unwarranted attack on the character of our comrade
by the paper referred to.
Resolution Re Ferrer.
Whereas the government of Spain
has perpetrated a deed that has horrified the civilized world In executing
one Francisco Ferrer, the great Spanish educator, and
Whereas his death Is another evidence of the Implacable hatred of the
ruling classes toward all who labor
for the enlightenment and advance of
the interest of the common people;
Be It therefore resolved that the
Socialist Party of Cape Breton In convention assembled add its protest to
that of the International Socialist
Party of the World against thlB horrible deed and unite with lt in passing condemnation on this greatest
crime of modern times;
Be lt further resolved that we condemn the British government for Its
laxity of action In taking steps to prevent this murder, and can only draw
this conclusion that it, too, ls opposed
to the onward march of the working
class toward true liberty and freedom.
Committee,
J. CLACHRIE,       S. HADDOW,
A. MCKINNON.     J. TAYLOR,
Yours in revolt,
ALFRED NASH,
Twenty thousand copies of this edition of this paper, the "Western Clap-
ion." are being distributed free to all.
Read lt carefully—every word—It contains matter ot vital Interest to you aa
a workingman. If you would learn
more, if you wish to become wise to
what Is really for your benefit, 70U can
bave lt sent to you every week tor a
whole year by enclosing one dollar
and your address to Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.   Do It nowl
* •   •
By staying away from the polls and
not voting you give your consent to all
the robbery and corruption that prevails today. Register jrour protest oh
the 25th and your enemies will respect you.
• •   •
When we see and hear capitalist politicians trying to fool silly working-
men with "fair wage" clauses and
gassing about "a white Canada," it'ia
only what we may expect. But when.
so-called workingmen get on Capitalist platforms and allow themselves to
be used as decoy ducks to catch their
own class, it Is enough to make angels
weep. Let your votes for Socialism
be your answer.
All parties that oppose the Socialist
Party are opposed to the work that
Hawthornthwaite and his two colleagues have done and tried to do in
the House at Victoria. It matters not
either whether they are called Liberal,
Conservative, Independent or "Labor,"
tbey are all opposed to the working;
class' best Interests.   Treat them all
alike on the 25th.
• • •
To read the dally press one would
think they had the Worklngmtn's votes
in their pockets. In fact, you wonld
think that only the Liberal and Conservative parties were In the elections.
This ls another way they have In trying to fool the workingmen again as
they have so well done in the past
Remember, Mr. Workingman, that' the
Socialist Party Is also ln this fight
and is fn It to win. Vote your own
class ticket, straight and you win.
»   •   •
Ask yourself: If you and your class
collectively owned the mines, would
you not make-them safe? If you owned the railways, would you not have
the say who should work on them? If
you employed the judges, would you
not see that their judgments were
honest? If you owned the roads, would
you not see that they were passable?
In fact, If you and your class owned
the whole cheese, don't you think it
would be a good thing for you? Therefore on  the  25th  vote to  own  your
jobs.
• •   •
Fellow workers, attend the meetings of the Socialist Party (your own
meetings) and then you will hear mat- ,
ters concerning you and your class Intelligently discussed. Keep away
from the meetings of the other parties,
the silly talk that goes on there does
not Interest you tn the least. Let the
capitalists attend their own meetings.
And when election day comes you will
see all the capitalists vote the capitalist ticket, and so should all workers
vote the working-class ticket.   That's
fair!
• *   •
The Socialist Party being the party
of the working class can depend only
on the working class for its financial
support as well as for votes. You can
help yourself in this campaign by
donating what you can to help pay
election expenses. Collections are
taken up at all Socialist meetings. Attend and do your best towards paying
the expenses ot your party.
• •   •
Copies of this edition of the Western
Clarion are being distributed free to
all; see that your fellow workers are
all supplied with one. .Let the advice
given you In this paper be your guide
on election day and you will make no
mistake. The capitalist papers are
as usual making one great big bluff so
as to fool you once more into voting
for what you do not need. Don't lose
your head—keep cool, and on the 25th
show your masters that you are awake
to your class Interests by voting the
Socialist ticket.
• • •
Many otherwise well-meaning people are forever talking and preaching
about the graft, corruption, robbery,
and the many evils of present day society. But on election day you will
find these good people supporting with
their votes that which they :tf other
times so loudly condemn. It takes a
certain amount of moral courage to
vote the Socialist ticket.
IF YOU HAVE
UKRAINIAN
neighbors,   send  for a bundle of
"Robutchyj Narod"
the orpian of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.        Winnipeg, Man,
READ
COTTON'S WEEKLY
50c  per year
Two for a dollar
SPECIALLY FINE FOR PROPAGANDA  WORK.
Six months 25c.
Published at Cowansvllle, P.Q. FOUR
THE   WESTERN   CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
8ATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13TH, 1909
WHAT CAPITAL DOES
FOR THE FARMER
Mr. Farmer, you are conservative
and a staunch supporter of the Government. It would, therefore, appear
that you are perfectly satisfied with
your lot, and yet we are continually
having complaints from your class.
Yeu rave against the railroads, the
elevators, the cold storage, the water
company, the commission agent, the
town storekeeper and the implement
manufacturer. But you vote Conservative. You will, perhaps, wonder
what politics have to do with your
ills. Give us your attention and we
wlll endeavor to show you.
You have, doubtless, noticed that
some laws recently passed in British
Columbia and Alberta have been
passed ln the interest of some class
of wage-workerB; the eight-hour day
for miners, the Mining Regulation Act,
the Workman's Compensation Act.
These laws have been passed in those
provinces where a strong Socialist
sentiment shows up at the polls.
In parliaments laws are made, and
those who sit there must justify their
suffrage of the people who elect them.
to some extent, providing those people
are awake to their own interest. But
what has any lawmaker done to justify the farmer returning them to parliaments? If he is of the same political persuasion as the Government,
he may get a job on the road, or he
may, if a very active worker, have particular attention paid to the roads in
his vicinity. For the money received
when working on the road, he delivers
sweat. And the roads being kept in
good condition merely aid him ln getting his crop to market. But he still
works long hours, lives for the most
part under unsanitary conditions and
has a continual struggle to obtain the
common comforts of life.
The law does not Interfere with his
work. It secures the miner from a
longer day than eight hours, but the
farmer works anything from twelve
to sixteen. It seeks to protect hy
regulations of factories and mines, the
health and limbs of the propertylesB
worker, and in case of Injury or death,
.provides for those depending upon him
by forcing his employer to pay half
his wages for time lost through injuries, and $1,500 in case of death
from accident while at work.
But what do you receive, Mr. Farmer. Your occupation would appear
from statistics to be somewhat dangerous. Take the Labor Gazette for
October. We see by it that 18 farmers were killed and 52 injured, totaling
70 accidents, while the combined death
in mines, quarries, smelters amount to
11, with 13 injured, totaling 24 accidents. Railroading accounts for 16
deaths and 11 injuries, totaling 27.
Navigation for 11 deaths and 2 injured, a total of 13. There are, you
see, more farmers killed and Injured
than in all three of the so-called dangerous occupations. Farmers totaling
70; mining, railroading and navigation totaling 64. Gored by a bull; cut
artery with a scythe; thrown from a
load and run over; killed by a drove
of hogs, etc., make up your list of
dead.
Yet the government does not pass
any laws to compensate you. Why?
Apparently your state is as worthy of
consideration as that of the wage
worker. You are a man of substance
also.
There is your answer, you are a man
of substance. You have property, and,
therefore, you think you are a friend
and brother of tbe great capitalist; in
fact, you have a sneaking idea that
you are a capitalist yourself. Your
property blinds you to your real material Interests, and makes you content with promises never Intended to
be fulfilled.
According to the Saturday Evening
Post for March 13, 1909, you are by
no means a capitalist. "Tbe farm in
vestments In 1000 somewhat exceeded
twenty billions—sixteen and a half
billion in land, three-quarters of a
billion in implements, and three bil
Hon in animals. That the plant yield
ed much net profit, as a manufacturer
would figure profit, after paying for
the labor of the ten million persons,
ls not probable."
So there you are. You merely get
what equals wages. You are no capitalist, even If you own your farm
free of mortgage, which the majority
of you do not. You are a producer
owning some of the tools of production.
Therein lies the difference between'
you and'the wage laborer, and therein
only. You, owning some machinery in
the means of production, are free to
produce upon your own Initiative, without let or hindrance from anyone. But
after you have produced your particular crop, you must place lt upon tho
market, here you have adventures
which shrink the fruits of your broad
acres to that of brief yards, and which
cause you to rave as mentioned above.
The trouble Is not that you are
charged too much for machinery or
binder twine, or freight, etc., but that
you are selling a commodity, and the
price a commodity will fetch in  the
open market is approximately what
it costs to produce it. Sometimes
more, sometimes less, according to
the relation between supply and demand. Nor ls the price you receive
the least of. your worries. Now and
then you find that you are unable to
get any price at all for what you
have produced; you cannot sell. The
market Is glutted, and, as you have
produced something for a market and
not something for yourself, {hat which
you labored for IS a dead loss and
you realize absolutely nothing for all
your toll. It Is rarely that the wage-
earner finds himself ln this position;
only when his employer runs off without paying him does he fall to realize
the fruits of his labor, and here again
the law protects him.
It is this commodity nature of your
product which accounts for the ills
which afflict you. You produce something which you have no use for, but
which society desires. If society can
be satisfied with less cereals, fruit,
beef, etc., than ls produced, that Is if
the supply exceeds the demand, then
the price falls, and on the other hand
the price rises when supply falls short
of demand.
But when supply and demand stand
tn just proportion to each other, what
then determines your remuneration?
The amount of food, clothing and
shelter for yourself, family and stock,
with incidentals such as binder twine,
oil, repairs, boxes, etc., used up in
producing your crop. So that the average farmer gets the old slave's portion—sufficient to keep his farm in a
state of productivity and himself and
stock in health and strength.
Let me again emphasize that it is
not because freight rates, machinery,
lumber, etc., are so dear, that your
social state is so low, but because you
produce a commodity for the market,
where it is subject to certain laws,
which determine what the farmer shall
receive for his produce.
Beside the heavy death rate from accident, you total up well from diseases.
You are without the modern conveniences of city life, and doctor's bills
run higher in farming communities
than elsewhere, furthermore, you lack
the prompt assistance obtainable by
the city workers in cases of emergency. Your amusements are tame
and stupid, and if a circus happens
to come to town you talk about it for
a year, and in some parts it becomes an era and you figure your
other events as "a month before the
circus was here," or two months after.
You live a life of toil and endeavor,
and are most thoroughly despised for
your pains, being the butt of the comic
press, and the ready victim of the
town crook. Is it not time you did
something for yourselves? You think
it is, but are at a loss which way to
turn? Then give us some of your
attention. Investigate our proposition, help us to capture the machinery of production by studying and Joining our movement and giving us your
political and moral support. With the
accomplishment of this social revolution, we will then produce for ourselves, not for a market; for use, not
for profit.
We do not promise you anything, although you have been fed on promises
so long that you are getting to like
them, but we ask you to take the
matter up for yourselves. If you find
it good, you will support' it; if the
contrary, you will oppose it, and you
cannot do either Intelligently unless
you Intelligently understand.
J. H.
8HIPOWNER8 COMBINE TO FIGHT
THE UNION8.
Greatest  International  Array of Cap
Ital In the World  Links Up to
Control  Labor.
LONDON, Oct. 26.—A gigantic international federation of ship-owners
has just been formed here. Delegates
from the ship-owners' federations of
Great Britain, Germany, Holland, Bel
glum, Denmark and Sweden, representing more than 16,000,000 tons of
shipping, met in London last week
and registered the new federation ln
accordance with the British law. The
international federation ls Intended to
embrace ultimately all ship-owners'
federations of the world. The French
and Norwegian ship-owners have, lt ls
understood, given notice of their willingness to Join when certain formalities are completed. The objects of
the federation are declared to be purely defensive. It is "designed to resist
unreasonable attacks which may be
made by trade unions and others upon
Ihe ship-owner's freedom of contract
In the employment of labor."
Operations will be conducted from a
chief office in London by a general
council composed of representatives
3t the affiliated federations.
IF YOU ARE A WORKER.
Don't vote for the Conservatives because they stand for your masters.
Don't vote for the Liberals for the
same reason.
"THINGS  WERE   EVER  THUS."
One of the most ignorant expressions which find egress from the
mouths of the non-thinking workers,
and which are raised in defence of
this fast decaying capitalist system,
is the old nonsensical utterance, "That
things have always been as they are,
aad always will be."
This cry is often used by the non-
thinkers against a Socialist, but when
the Socialist turns round and asks
them to bring something forward and
prove their argument, they become
nonplussed, and mutter something
about not wanting to be bothered, they
not being men enough to admit that
they were wrong. It also shows how
incapable they are when it comes to
any independent thinking on their
part. They use the expression simply
because they have heard someone else
use lt.
But the fault lies not in them expressing their feelings in such a simple
manner, but the fact that they make
up any old excuses to defend this system, under which they are robbed of
four-fifths of -what they produce, and
then no longer being useful as regards
making a profit for their masters, they
are let out on the roadside with just
three things to do, beg, steal, or
starve. The ruling class in the meantime supply police to arrest them if
they are caught begging or stealing,
so the workers sit meekly by and
starve while these same rulers chuckle
to themselves and get fat on what the
workers have produced. Say, workers, did you ever stop and think what
you are defending?
It ls entirely due to your capitalist
training, which began from the cradle,
and will continue to the grave If you
let it, that you are laboring under the
delusion that you have some Divine
right to slave away for the benefit of
an idle class and receive barely
enough as wages for your own measly
existence.
Defending this system is just as
logical for you as it would be to congratulate the pickpocket who purloins
your wad, when the opportunity presents itself; but wonderful to relate,
the code of morals we are ruled by
says It is illegal for one of the workers
to rob another of the same class, but
at the same time makes it legal for
your masters to rob you to the utmost
limit, over and above your cost of living.
So we see that the small robbery is
illegal, but the wholesale robbery is
legal. This looks strange on the face
of it, but looking deeper into the question we find why it is so. To begin
with, who makes the code of morals?
Not the workers, else they would make
it illegal for this gigantic robbery of
themselves taking place; so it must
be the ruling class that makes the
code of morals, and naturally makes
them for its own benefit. But strangest of all is the fact that they have to
obtain your permission before they are
able to make any code or do any legislating at all.
You workers give them that permis
sion on election day; that is tbe day
you give your sanction for the continuance of your own robbery. You
vote and return to power these professional politicians, servants of the capitalist class. These politicians enjoy
the distinction of being able to bluff
you workerB into the belief that any
legislating that is done is for your
benefit. They must be capable of con
vincing you, in spite of yourself, that
what is needed to do away with all
your poverty is local option, more
parks, increased railway facilities, or
any ot the other side issues which
they are adepts at bringing forward at
election time. And the way that you
workers meekly walk up to the polling
booths and mark the fatal cross proves
either that they are experts in the art
of bluffing, or that you yourselves are
mental dubs.
It is needless for me to say which
I think ls the right answer. I will
leave you to ponder over lt; perhaps
when you get through pondering, you
will awake to your own Interests and
vote to put an end to this legalized
robbery, which can only be accora
plished ln one way, by voting for the
Party which Btands for the total abolition of wage-slavery—the Socialist
Party of Canada.
A. W. BAKER
Workingmen who attend capitalist
campaign meetings and try to "butt
in" only get Jeered at for their pains.
If those workers would attend the
meetings of their own party only, and
when election day comes quietly vote
the Socialist ticket, those politicians
who make fun of them now would sit
up and take notice then. Be a man
and vote with your class on the 25th.
It ls said that certain organizations
kick so much between election days
that they have no kick left ih them
when the proper time to kick comes.
Bowser, Magistrate Williams and the
rest of them wlll either have the laugh
on you or you on them when the ballots are counted. Make your kick at
the ballot box on the 25th and watch
'em Jump.
What has become of that Asiatic
Exclusion League?
THAT RAILWAY POLICY.
(Continued from Page 1)
McBride government and the G. T. P.
"Labor  was also protected," the following is clause 15 of the argument.
"15.   The workmen, laborers, and servants employed in or about the construction of the said Railway shall
be paid such rate of wages as may
be  currently  payable  to  workmen,
laborers,  and  servants  engaged  in
slmiliar occupations in the district
in which the said Railway is constructed."
The interpretation that the G. T. P.
has put on this Is, there being no similar occupations, there ls therefore no
current wage, consequently they are
under no obligation to pay anything,
and they are fairly successful in enforcing their view.
The Alberni extension of the C. P. R.
expects to be exempt from taxation
for ten years under the provisions of
a bill, one of the clauses of which Ib
the above quoted section, this did not
prevent hundreds of Mongolians being
employed on lt. I might add that our
bombastic friend, Ralph Smith once
told a Nanaimo audience that he had
been the means of putting a clause in
the subsidy act of this road, preventing the employment of Asiatics. The
point I wish to get at is, that labor will
be protected when it will protect itself. Liberal or Conservative work in
this direction is a deception and a
mockery.
To get back to the Railway question,
the writer has no particular objection
to the building of railways, but Insists
that they Bhould stand on their own
feet, no plea of public requirement or
of public interest will stand examination. There is more agricultural land
wltheld from settlement in the lower
Fraser Valley alone than the whole
of this railway policy will open up,
and it can't be bought for four, times
its assessed valuation. There is more
coal locked up in reach of transportation than will be mined in the next
fifty years. The timber sharks have
sworn that the world's market cannot
take off their hands in twenty-one
years the timber available.
And who will be benefited? Will lt
Increase the price of farm produce?
Has the building of the G. T. P. done
so?
As far as the worker is concerned
railway construction brings a locality
three men for every one that can accomodate himself to the filthy and
brutalizing conditions found in a construction camp. The other two force
themselves into other occupations and
tend to reduce wages in all lines of
work.
It may, and probably will, increase
the population of the Province, but if
it does not better the condition of the
individual worker who is here at the
present it should not influence his
vote. The duty which falls to the
worker at the present time is to secure the right to live (this he does
not yet possess); to make the conditions under which he works as safe as
it is humanly possible to do so; to increase his own share of the comfort,
luxury and pleasure that he so generously bestows on others, and to leave
conditions better for his children, than
he found themi These things are within the reach of the workers of British
Columbia to-day, but they cannot be
obtained by voting for the Railway
Policy of Hon. Richard McBride, nor
yet that of "Honest" John Oliver.
P. W.
LOUGHEED, ALTA.
We were pleased to receive the
wideawake Comrade C. M. O'Brien,
M.P.P. He spoke ln Lougheed, Alta.,
October 30th and ln Sedgewick, Alta.,
November 1st. Both meetings were
well attended. His speech was a
clear-cut expose of our absolute slavery as workers, and of the fact that
ownership of the means of life Ib our
only way out. Some of the thickest
skins were punctured and the brains
turned in the right direction.
The comrades were well pleased
with his work. We need more of the
same kind of thorough work. We are
as yet unorganized in this section,
though there are many Socialists, sonu
of us have been working hard for
years as individuals. We need an organizer. Can the party Bend one?
Yours for the revolt, and that soon,
ALBERT H. PEASE.
Workingmen! the ragchewlng match
and dog fight that is taking place just
now between the parties of Capitaism
does not concern you in the least. Concentrate your work and your influence
in helping your own party or ln other
words mind your own business.
GREAT BOOKS
 BY	
GREAT MEN
Origin of Species, Darwin; Age
of Reason, Paine; Riddle of the
Universe, Haeckel. 25c, by mail
—Merrie England; Britain for the
British, Blatchford. 20c. each by
mail,   Sisd lor Catalogae.
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, In convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long aa the capitalist class remains in possession of the
reins of government all the powers of the State wlll be used to
protect and defend their property rights ln. the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation. ,
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point ef production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property ln the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure lt by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme ot the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property ln the means ot wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property ot the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
by the workers.
8.   The establishment, as speedily as possible, ot production for
nee instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when ln office, shall always and everywhere until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests of the working class and aid the workers ln
their class struggle against capitalism? If It will the Socialist
Party is for It; if it will not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely
opposed to lt
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
itself to conduct all the publio affairs placed ln Its bands in such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
THE LIBRARY OF
ORIGINAL SOURCES J
,., Among all Independent and progressive thinkers this great work is rap-
dly superseding encyclopaedias, histories, etc., which are only second hand
information. Here are the sources to which the encyclopaedia and other
writers have to go for their Information. These rare "original source" documents sweep away bigotry and superstition aad show why BoolaUsm is coming, it Is absolutely authoritative and unbiased. It ls filled with the words
of men who have mad* history. Economics, Evoluton. Education, Philosophy.
Sociology, Science, Psychology, Religion and all fields of thought are fully
covered, presenting the Ideas that have Influenced civilization tn the original
words of the master thinkers and investigators, from Thales, Plato, Aristotle
and Socrates to Darwin, Spencer, Huxley, Welsmonn, Marx, Engles and
Haeckel. A history—not of mere events—but of human thought and institutions. Indispensible to every Socialist. Appeal to season says: "Every So-
cialist Local should save a set." Walter Lolirentz, secretary Longshoreman's
Union, South Bend, Wash.: "A boon to the workingman who has neither
money nor opportunity to get a college education." Tom Clifford, Socialist
Lecturer:    "A service to civilization."
KNOW why
SOCIALISM IS  COMING
You know how capitalistic writers and speakers deliberately misrepresent history. Here at last is a work that digs deep Into real history of clv-
llzation and reveals the naked truth. It traces the economic development of
Ideas and institutions and shows why Socialism is Inevitable. Freeman
Knowles, the grand old man, who has the bravery to speak the truth and
go to Jail for lt, says: "It Is the greatest work extant." All the leading
Socialist writers, editors, lecturers and thinkers use and commend the library
—Ernest Untermann, John Spargo, Victor L. Berger, A. M. Lewis, A. W.
Simons, and thousands of the comradea—farmers, miners, ranchmen,
mechanics, blacksmiths and cobblers. You should see the enthusiastic letters they write, unsolicited—for Instance, A. L. Livingston, ranchman, secretary Local, Hackberry, Kan.:  "Greatest addition 1 ever made to my library."
IMPORTANT TO YOU
Thousands of Socialists are pleased owners of this work. Get yours now
on the co-operative basis before the sale closes. Only a few hundred sets
lft. Writs to-day—to-morrow may be too late. A postal card (mentioning
the Clarion) will bring table of contents, description and fetalis of our
liberal co-operative offer. University Research Extension, Milwaukee, Wis.,
U. S. A.
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Telephone yonr address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give yeu an estimate of cost of
installing the gac pipes,
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