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Western Clarion Aug 6, 1910

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 tt-»«#5to.;-»iV,':
NO. 691.
Vancouver, British Cotumbia, Saturday, Aug. 6, 1910.
amnltmrnV-9 Sl.lt
OPEN AIR IN TORONTO
A SlaVe Talks to Staves on the Aspirations of his Class.
On Tuesday night last, July 19th,
a large and attentive audience listened to Comrade Moses Barltz deliver the address that follows: The
audience and all the Comrades present
were charmed by the Interesting matter and the manner it waa presented;
tbe length of the talk was over one
and a half hours and was not Interfered with except, by one individual
who butted ln with a question. The
reply Comrade Baritz gave completely
satisfied the questioner and audience.
Tbe lecture Itself was an Interesting
change from the usual method and
substance of propaganda and will
cause more Inquiry than many lec-
trues delivered In this city for some
years past.
Comrade Barltz said: There are
many phases and sides to the Socialist position; a most interesting
pne is that which we maintain determines the ethics, morals and arts
ihat arise from tbe bases of society.
This ls evident when an examination
if made of tbe various stages through
which society has evolved. Every
lengthened period in society has produced a kind of art, literature and architecture peculiar to. the conditions
under which it existed. Bach successive empire has produced its own
kind of laws which again were applicable to tbe status of society and arose
therefrom.
In the accepted records of history, It
ls fair to start with Egypt. Egyptian
society has its code of morals and
ethics which when examined clearly
demonstrates the truth of my opening remarks; what were the art productions of Egypt? How is it, that-
among the wonders of the world Egypt
Take those pyramids. Look at those
stands pre-eminent in architecture?
monuments! They stand as an everlasting tribute to memory of a slave
condition of society, if we were to
examine the building of the pyramids
and Sphinx we would find that they
were still existing in primitive condition. According to competent authorities no Iron tools were used in their
construction, the method adopted was
by burning out the stone and using
ropes and rollers to pile row upon row
of those great works of architecture,
a wonderfully compact organized method of so many thousand years ago
stand (in the eyes of authorities sufficiently enabled to judge) as perhaps
the greatest contribution to the world's
architectural accomplishments. But
even those buildings reflected the social conditions which formed the basis
of society. If they were erected It
waa because they had sufficient supply
«aVelave labor. The slaves had all
SWjK*VeBlred In the way of material
IllftWtSi i to exist They were chained
aa-"*-- whipped, 'tis true, but still that
WMiaJot as bad as exists today where
II ■ibstnrs we are free. After the
nemlt&et Egyptian power they were
gradually falling from the position they
held. A condition wherein slavery existed, a society resting upon tribute
obtained from subject tribes, was
bound to collapse. It did collapse.
Egypt went down before the great fofc-
es surrounding, and within it. Econ
omlc forces were at hand and destroyed once and for all an empire that
had given Ho the world great laws, a
new kind of philosophy, a remarkable
method of art such as even today in
spite of the so-called advance in civilization, mankind cannot equal.
The start of another empire, tbat of
Assyria, again Instituted new laws
which form tbe continued development
in society. Babylon worked another
era in the development of ethics, laws
and architecture, these again differed
in every way from that of the Egypt-
- jJM-g'*fl*m mis began almost the flrst
written language. Commerce began
to showjjaelf and It needed a facilita-
i M*vMejf to lessen expense, from
"ffiffiieri the Latin, Greek and
Hebrew alphabets, even Siamese found
lt» root In the written stone tablets
*,6f''fiabyloti. Its Empire was greater
than any tbat bad preceded it. They
had to succumb because forces outside were hemming them in. The
Persians broke the Empire up. The
new State produced nothing of any
value to mankind; the next grand
State did.   It was that of Greece.
New conditions arose, the freedom
of tbe citizen was severely handled,
the slaves were given greater freedom,
tbey were even permitted to possess
and accumulate property, the social
conditions made for the prosperity of
the various elements in the Empire,
the happiness of the people generally
made their Ideas much more elevated.
It produced a philosophy which has
been handed down to us as a great
heritage of the proweBS of the men
of their day. It produced a literature
and drama as great now as it was
when it first was introduced. The condition of society made for the development of the mind among a section of
the community. A system of society
that had men like Euripides, Aristophanes, Sophocles, men, who, with a
touch of their pen, flayed and mercilessly ridiculed tha rulers of their day
and wrote plays and satires which are
supreme in modern theatricals. A society who venerating their heroes and
heroines put them upon a pedestal
of such prominence as to be productive of a new kind of art. Sculpture,
ln its accurate sense was instituted by
the Greeks, they thought so much of
their great men that they raised monu
ments to them, monuments as such
that stand unequaled today ln spite of
all the facilities granted by society,
These monuments were erected in order to be worshiped. It produced paganism. It instituted their religious
thoughts, ln other words their relig-
loustboughts arose out of the social
conditions. What else did the great
Grecian empire produce? It produced
real healthy antagonism in sport. They
were anxious for the full and real development of their manhood, that could
best be' obtained by competition (professionalism as such did not exist).
Unlike today where men are held as
property by an individual such as owns
baseball and cricket teams. In Grecian
days property was more equally distributed. Accordingly, the attempt to
profit by the indulgence ln sport could
not, ln fact, did not, arise but then the
development of society made the worsening in conditions and Greece was
soon an empire of the past.
Rome rose higher than ever. It amassed greater wealth, all filched
through the enslavement of the defeated war victims, the property accumulated into a few hands. It made
way for wasteful expenditure. The
wealth robbed from the subject section,
made for lust and licentious extravagance such as the world up to that
time had never known. The wealthy
class had to squander their easily gotten gains; they Indulged In sport,
to have it carried out on a large scale
an amphitheatre and Coliseum was
built; 'the sport at that time, owing
to the riotous living of the rich, became more degraded. Now the social
conditions were such that the Greek
methods of games did not satisfy the
almost insane craving of the Roman
nobility, lt was blood they wanted to
see flowing. It was the enraged fury
of one who had to get some excitement.
It was the Intoxication of minds, and
It was the beginning of the decline of
Rome. It heralded the downfall of
the Empire. Gladiators were enrolled,
and they had to fight for their lives
in many cases. If a man was not equal
to another, death was the result, the
flower of the people of Rome was sent
to their doom because of the hideous
ideas of the nobility.
Later on when owing to the desire
of one section of the Empire (Judea)
through persecution and oppression,
the Jews were looking for a person to
lead them to salvation, they thought
Hereafter Address
BOX
1688
Western Clarion
Dominion Ex.
B. C. Executive
instead of Box 836.
Jesus was the man. He and those
around him committed a political offence; he was condemned to death
and suffered (at least so tradition has
it). The people made a martyr of
him, (though I am quite prepared to
to prove this part of my lecture),
Those who believed in him, mind you,
did so because in the first instance
they wanted a saviour. Their condition,
economically, was bad. It gave rise to
a god given saviour. In fact, Christianity arose as a religion out of the peculiar social conditions in Judea. The
Romans then carried the new religionists to Rome; they were considered political enemies; they were put Into
the arena and tied to posts absolutely
naked; wild animals unfed for days
were set free to satisfy their hunger.
Such depravity arose alone from the
social conditions. They devised new
scheme for their delectation. Now and
again the victims were soaked in oils
and set aflame. Rome was ablaze
with lights of human forms which surely was going to pay a nenalty to the
perpetrators of such ho.rld atrocities.
It was the hand of doom, but in spite
of those degraded methods of enjoyment Rome had produced a judicial
system and a jurisprudence based upon
tbe class ownership in the products of
society. It created a new architecture.
Look at what we have today. The Roman idea of architecture has probably
had a greater influence upon our large
buildings than any other. It went one
better than the Greek. Its sculpture
too, was greater; its literature was
greater; its organization was more scientific. The eruption of volcanoes,
the devastation caused by Are could
not and has not completely swamped
me old buildings of Rome and southern
Italy. Take as an example the destruction of Herculaneum and Pompeii. Note
how the archiologlsts marveled at the
preservation of its buildings in spite
submersion of 1700 years. The Roman
Empire decayed because of the cancer existent within itself. It had to
make way for the new forces. It collapsed—the Goths, Vandals and Huns
took a great part in the destruction of
the Roman Empire.
Now with the development of the
Christian idea the Romans were compelled to take over that religion in
order to preserve their political power. From that date, lasting for so
many centuries (at least for 10 centuries) the Christian control stamped
out any production of art. The commandment "Thou shalt have no other
god but me," and "make no graven
image" paralysed and stultified all art.
It crippled the artistic aspirations of
many members of the working class.
No artistic production of any value appeared during those dark days ot mankind. In and during the time of the
Italian Republics, where a better system existed, it produced a new kind
of architecture. Later on, the Italian
Renaissance produced a fully developed art and has given to mankind
a Bight and a feast worthy of a continuous enjoyment. The wealth of the
church and the necessity of squandering It brought forth the fostering of art.
Those who were admired were helped
and assisted to develop their artisitic
nature; they were fed and feted; they
had all they desired. The outcome was
that as those who pay the piper, call
the tune, the artistic result was that
the pictures were those of the chief
persons associated with church history. Sculpture too, advanced, but
only to a small extent. The works of
Michael Angelo, Rafael and others still
in the possession of the Papal authorities at the Vatican in Rome. St. Peters at Rome, Campanile and St. Marks
at Venice, the Leaning Tower at Pisa.
The majority of the great churches on
the continent were erected under conditions where all the desires of the
workers were satisfied. Time was not
considered in their erection any more
than that consideration has been attended to in the building of the church
ot the Sacred Heart in Paris today.
Where today can you see such magnificent works in erection? Works
that are atribute to the satisfaction
of those who were engaged upon them.
Let us take capital of the Vandyck,
Rembrandt and Valesquez. They produced pictures consisting as they did
of pretty women and vain men, the
pets of aristocracy. The pictures of
their days Indicated the social condi-
(Contlnued on Page 4)
THE NATION BUILDER
"These be Thy Gods, O Israel.   Give me the Golden Calf'
"COMING 00R WAY"
"We  fear  the   Greeks,
come bearing gifts."
But if J. Pierpont Morgan should
announce to-morrow that he had discovered the error of his ways and had
become a Socialist, hundreds ot our
"Comrades" would receive him with
open arms. The Christian Socialists,
which is the official name of that
bunch of muttonheads, who want to
make Socialists of all priests, and
priests of all Socialists, would actually believe that a regeneration had
taken place in Plerpont's heart.
Many halt-baked Socialists would boost
the new "convert" for the presidency,
and unless there was a majority of
imposslbillsts in the party, he would
be nominated.
Why  do  not  the  Socialists  understand   that  whenever   the  capitalists
do  anything for  their  own  enemies,
there's a reason?"
Por the past year or two, but particularly since the Milwaukee election,
non-Socialists writers have taken advantage of every opportunity to boost
Socialism and prominent Socialists.
When Taft "oped his ponderous Jaws"
at Jackson, Mich., and delivered the
address, wherein he stated that Social-
Ism was the next issue and must be
met and conquered by the Grand Old
Party, we looked for a chorus of approbation from all sections of the
capitalist press. But it's the unexpected that happens. All the so-called
"radical" publications critized the
great President's spasm. Even the
Saturday Evening Post, which is supposed to personify the very essence
of conservatism, disagrees with the
350 pound President. It goes so far
as to say that all the successful reforms of the present day are Socialistic
(which is a lie, for tbe object of "reforms" is to prolong the slavery of the
working class, and only those which
have this result are successful). The
Post states that in dealing with the
railroads the administration of Roose-
when they velt and Taft have employed Socialistic remedies. Hence the beneficent
results. (Indeed, we might almost be
led to believe that it is against the
Socialist management of the Grand
Trunk that the workers are striking
to-day).
Again, the Milwaukee city election
shows how friendly to us are these
capitalists. While the Socialists were
puzzled whether to herald the surprising result as a victory for Socialism
or for good government, the capitalists
knew just what to call It. It was
both. One capitalist writer said that
Socialism and good government were
exactly the same thing. Tha Outlook,
organ of Roosevelt, sent a correspondent to Milwaukee, who returned with
glowing accounts of the new city administration. The American Magazine,
although too cowardly to publish "Barbarous Mexico" gave space to an article on Victor L. Berger by one of his
devoted admirers. Many other capitalist publications appeared to be tickled to death at the Socialist victory.
If the election Emil Seldel as Mayor
of Milwaukee was a victory of the
working class, then why the devil
are the enemies of the working-class
doing all the shouting? If we are the
conquerors, why are they so overjoyed?
"There's a reason."
They have tried by every means In
their power to defeat Socialism. For
years they Ignored our movement completely; then after the election of
1904 when they could no longer do
that, they fought us openly, misrepresenting our cause, charged us all with
immorality, Imprisoned our speakers,
suppressed our papers. But so far they
have failed. The power of the working
class has steadily grown. But now
they have adopted new tactics. They
pretend to be our friends, applaud our
victories, and sorrow at our defeats.
In this way they hope to lead the
Socialist Party away from Its revolutionary position.
On July 18 the White Chief of the
Umsavuvu Kaffirs visited Brandon. I allude to that refined and cultured patrician, Sir Wilfred Laurier.
He is refined to his finger tips. He
ls the Beau Brummel of the Capitalist
class in Canada. "Faultily faultless,
icily regular, splendidly null."
As a result of his visit to Brandon
I have learned how to cough in a
desultory manner. You put your hand
up to your mouth and whinny like a
Ally.
He made his speech in the auditorium. Across the archway above the
platform, hung a cotton sign, "Welcome to Sir Wilfred Laurier, The Nation Builder." On the right hand side
of the platform suspended on an easel,
fresh from the hand of the Master
painter, behold a portrait of Sir Wilfred. On the left hand side of the
platform, suspended on an easel, a
portrait of Hon. Clifford Sifton. The
sheep on one side the platform, the
goat on the other. Each of these portraits was partially covered with line
cloth, presumably to keep the flies
away. No desecration allowed. "These
be thy Gods, O Israel!" Give me the
golden calf.
Betwixt these two portraits, a timber
limit of waving palms and fern trees.
Oak chairs splendidly upholstered, one
extra wide and deep, for the immaculate white chief. There rests his weary
head upon the lap of earth for ls not
Nation Building a weary work. Oak
table; beautiful cut glass Jug containing liquid refreshment for the Nation
Builder. "Give me some drink, Ti-
tanus."
On the extreme edge of the plat-
from behold an altar covered with a
dainty antimacassar. Each Priest in
his turn approached the altar and
chanted praise and adoration to their
drivelling god. Capitalism. "Cry aloud;
for he is a god." First we had the Introductory sentences by one of the local Mugwumps, then we had a psalm
of praise for the special benefit of the j
white chief. This was exquisitely rendered by a gentleman—Pardee,' by
name. This gentleman said he was
proud of Canada, but he forgot to inform us if Canada was proud of him
When Sir Wilfred approached the altar, the seat of mercy, the stool of
repentance, the local Kaffirs hailed his
coming with delight, and when he
stood before them to give an account
of the nation-building tbey shouted,
they yelled, they shrieked, they raved,
but the representative of all tbelr virtues and vices remained Imperturbable.
He bowed his head with gracious
dignity, the crowd caught sight of a
sun spot and gazed on blm like so
many hypnotized rabbits, for was not
the nation-builder before them. He
made the oak chairs, the oak table,
the cut glass jug. He mixed the paint
and drew his own picture. He made
his own suit of clothes, but I think a
Socialist must have made the red necktie he was wearing. He polished his
own shoes. He cut his own elfln
locks.    The  requisites of Production
So let the Socialist Party stand
pat. We must refuse all assistance
from the capitalist class or the middle
class. Reforms must no longer be a
part of our program, for they bring us
bourgeois reformers, whom we do not
want. Our propaganda must be Revolution alone. If the Class Struggle Is
taught by the Socialist Party instead of
the present medley of vote-catching1
Immediate demands," all of our false
friends will be driven from our ranks,
all who are opposed to working-class
revolution will take thler proper place
on the other side of the Class Struggle,
instead of standing as a buffer between
the two armies, and all who want to
change the system right away quick
wlll come to our side. Now ls the
time for the S. P. of America to decide once and for all whether it will
be the party of the workers in the
flght against capitalism, or whether lt
will become a party of reformers and
meet the same fate as the late lamented Populist Party.
CLARENCE V. HOAR.
Portland, Ore.
are two, Laurier and appropriate Natural Resources. When John
S. Mill said Labor he was dreaming, it
was sophistry. The Canadian version
reads, "All things wise and wonderful
Lord Laurier made them all.
After Laurier's general confession ab-
absolution and remission of sins, Grassy. He reproached the Brandonites
for being greedy. "You bave three
railways, how many more do yoa
want?" This seems to imply that he
could produce a railroad ready made
out of bis waistcoat pocket and band it
over to the good people of Brandon.
So, "Have a cigar; Why this minister
of railways cannot make a cigar, let
alone a railroad. There was nothing
said about the men who build the
railroad.
Sir Wilfred was presented with a
bouquet of flowers and graciously accepted the same. Graham complained
that no one presented him with a bouquet; I could make one up for him.
I would gather all the fragments of
those men blown up by dynamite during the contsruction of the G. T. P.
I would put them In a sack and dump
them on the platform, I would say,
"There ts your bouquet, Mr. Graham.
Here ls what Is left of some ot the
Nation Builders. They come, these
tion Builders, from all parts of
ope; in Canada they are sent
through space." Of course, the
ernment would disclaim responslti
but they claim they built the Grand
Trunk Pacific.
What is the difference between a
Minister of Railways and a Minister
of the Gospel? One tells you how you
have spent your money, and how to
spend your money, and the other tells
you where you will spend eternity.
So it Is all spending.
One of a peculiar sect the other
day asked me "Where will you spend
Eternity?" I replied, "I'm damned
if I know." But he knew. Because I
didn't think the same as him I was
dam'd.   We are still barbarous.
Then Sir W. Raleigh, the disciple of
Bruno, put his head on the block. He
said "Strike, man, what are you afraid
of?" and wben Sir Thos. Moore, the
Utopian Socialist, put his head on the
block he shifted his patriarchal whiskers out of the way of the descending
axe and muttered, "Pity they should
be cut, they never did any harm." He
was a Catholic, and, when Henry VIII.
fell in love with Anne Bolyne, Sir
Thomas would not take the oath that
Henry's marriage with Catherine of
Aragon was against the Scripture and
Invalid from tbe beginning. For this
he was executed by that Minister
Thos. Cromwell. Tbey were plagued
and humbugged with Ministers in
those days and Ministers in these days
are public  nuisances.
Says Graham: "A business man's
test of success Is 'How much have you
got left at the end of the year?'"
Well, fellow wage-slaves, How much
have you got left, or is lt you that is
left? After you have divided up with
the Capitalist, after you have--given
him four beans and humbly received
tbe one bean and said grace on the
same. How many beans make five?
Graham spoke about rushing the construction of a railroad. In reality It
will be the workers who are rushed,
but they like it.
The audience which gathered to hear
these men was varied, mixed and numerous. We were all stewing in our
own grease. A fat lady not far from
me was perspiring like a frog. In
front of me a young lady in a low
necked dress was continually patting
her back hair. On her fingers I
counted five rings studded with precious stones. I was wondering If she
had any bells on her toes. Three seats
removed from this lovely creation was
a baid-headed old satyr with a little
tuft of hair in his neck hole. Ho didn't
trouble to pat his back hair. He had a
nose like a huge wart, a monstrous
growth like the horn of a rhinocerous.
He sat there dividing his time by wiping off the spots of grease oozing out
of his bald cranius, leering at Sir Wilfred, and picking his nose.
Yours for Socialism,
CLIFFORD BUTL*SR. »•
WESTERN CLARION
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692
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SATURDAY, AUGUST  6, 1910.
RADICALISM   RAMP/.NT.
We must rise to differ with Comrade Phillips Thompson in his
opinion that the Labor Party's attack
on tbe king's salary Ib an indication
of class consciousness—unless there
Is such a tblng as middle-class consciousness, for lt has not the remotest
resemblance to working-class consciousness.
It ls indeed thoroughly typical of
the radicalism, now fortunately decadent, of the canting, respectable,
half-baked "middle class" of England,
who think they are terribly revolutionary ln advocating the abolition of
the monarchy and retailing spicy
items regarding royal immorality,
wben they are merely childish.
It makes no whit of difference to
the wage mule whether there is one
king in England or ten, whether the
king ls a model ot monogamlc morality or keeps an Illicit harem, whether
he.ls a real old-fashioned toper or a
ital humbug. The slaves don't
to foot the bilk He ls no king
oirs; he belongs to their masters.
r portion as wage mules is their
and fodder, those tbat are lucky
enough to get it, and that would be
their portion if there were a king in
every county. They don't pay for
kings or kinglets. They can't, because
they haven't got tbe price among them,
and It ls none of their business how
much is squandered on and by royalty, or whether royalty justifies its
existence or not.
As a matter of fact, the king and
his tribe do justify their existence,
they are a good investment for the real
kings, the kings of capital, otherwise
they would not long continue. Not
only is a king useful commercially,
but as. an ikon before which sycophancy, patriotism and loyalty may
bow down and worship, and when
Lords and Commons fall into disrepute the majesty of the king can be
pressed into service as a sanctified
shield.
In the whole discussion the only utterance worthy of note was Balfour's
intimation tbat if they were going to
go Id for a king they must keep him
up in proper style, or else abolish the
monarchy altogether, which, containing, as lt does, the suggestion tbat
tbey make and unmake kings, carries
the complete denial of kingship.
Nor can we agree with 'Comrade Thompson on the value of
muck-raking, lt may expose the corruption of capitalist society, but nobody pays any serious attention to
that. Take the United States. From
before the days of their birth as states,
scandal after scandal has been fished
up out of that cesspool of corruption
and dangled, stinking and slimy in
its nakedness, for the edification of
the multitude; but ln all tbat time
has the stench of that midden abated
one jot? Has it not grown worse and
worse? How else could it be?
"Graft" ln all its forms is an absolutely essential consequence of the
capitalist system. And that is just
what the muck-raker never shows.
Hence, to us his muck-raking is
valueless. Nay, more, lt is worse, for
lt serves to distract attention from the
one graft of any consequence to the
workers, the wage graft. That ls
what they have got to know about,
before they can help themselves, and
the less heed they pay to petty bour-
geola ravings against grafters, re-
baters, monopolists and other malefactors of wealth the sooner they will
come to understand their own status
ln society and its remedy.
COMIC OPERA  CRU8ADER8.
This is a great age for crusades
against various evils. Let an evil
but attempt to Inflict Itself on society
or on any portion thereof, straightway a noble army of crusaders will
rise up in their might and—well, any
way, they'll make a noise about It.
A pleasing feature about these crusades is an unbroken uniformity, even
if lt ls a uniformity of non-success,
for we have never yet heard of any
crusaders to violate well established
precedent by suppressing the evil they
denounced.
-The greatest of these crusades, of
course, with the exception of the holy
war against original sin , which has
become more of a business than a
crusade, is the Prohibition movement.
But yet tbe Demon Rum so ramps and
rages that the lynching of a Local Option sleuth in a tee-total town is unofficially condoned by the authorities
and generally applauded by the populace. While the net result of the recent crusade against "white slavers"
In New "<ork has been tbat a serious-
minded commission of enquiry bas
found that, although tliere was Incontrovertible evidence of the existence
of white slaves (of which of course
the members of the commission were
hitherto unaware) yet there was nothing to show that there were any
"white slaves."
Even the comparatively insignificant but annoying "tipping evil" has
not escaped (we mean lt hasn't escaped attention). Several crusades
have been organized against it, and
at more or less irregular Intervals,
Anti-Tlpping Clubs and No-Tipping Societies have sprung up, and down
again. Tipping still continues, and
that it has never been seriously threatened is proved by the fact that these
societies have never had an injunction
launched against them, for certainly an
injunction would be necessary In the
interest of not a few capitalist concerns. Take the English railways for
Instance. Tipping is one of their vested Interests by means of which they
are almost entirely relieved of the
painful necessity of paying any wages
to a large section of their hands. They
have wage slavery reduced to the most
exact Of sciences. Their porters, etc,
work for the company and support
themselves by soliciting alms from the
travelling public, also thriftily further
ekelng out their subsistence by truck
gardening along the right of way, a
privilege kindly permitted them by the
thoughtful company. Even the C. P.
R. Is getting quite up-to-date in these
matters and has succeeded in educating its flunkeys permanently to an attitude of cringing servility resembling
that of a wage mule approaching a
boss for the loan of a job.
Crusading is a very fine sport all
round. It does not seem to do anybody any harm. It amuses the crusaders and also. In another sense, the
spectators. It should be encouraged
for it is one way In which we can
learn what damphools we can be,
which is worth while.
THE PARTING OF THE WAYS.
We learn through the columns of the
Voice that the North Winnipeg Locals
have seceded from the S. P. of C. and
are formiug a party of their own. It
can be said for them that they are this
much better than their like ln Ontario,
that they frankly avow that they are
leaving because they favor a reformist
policy and are therefore not in accord
with the S. P. of C. position. There
may be other reasons, but this is the
one given and it ls sufficient. Leaving
aside the question of which Is in the
right, to gauge this aggregation we
need go no further than to see that
it meets with the unqualified editorial
approval of the avowed Anti-Socialist
Pnttee.
In Ontario the Executive Committee
appointed by Local Berlin, without
waiting to find out whether the convention at Toronto would meet with
the Party's endorsation, have gone
ahead and printed dues stamps ln the
name of of the S. P. of C. and are selling the same to such Ixieals as will
buy. They have consequently been
expelled. It Is to be hoped that they
will take with them all those of a
similar turn of mind.
Comrade Moses Barltz of Manchester has been given tbe difficult task of
re-organlzing that province on revolutionary lines. As a recent arrival who
has not been mixed up in the Ontario
scrap, his reports on the situation as
he finds it wlll be of value In giving
the membership a clear Idea of the
state of the movement ln Ontario.
The defection of the reformist elements within our ranks was Inevitable
if the S. P. of C. was to continue as
a purely revolutionary body. That the
two elements cannot work together
has been once more demonstrated, and
their separation brings to an end a long
and weary period of petty bickerings
within the ranks which has seriously
hampered effective propanganda and
organization.
We have no hesitation in saying,
judging from similar events in the past
in B. C, that the Party will be very
much Ihe better for this defection.
We will be able to devote our energies
to work instead of frittering them
away in Internecine feuds. The temptation, however, among some of our
comrades will be to fight this new
organization. Our advice is to let them
strictly alone, and attend to our own
propaganda; It wlll win out on Its
merits. The reformists will die out
through perfectly natural causes.
JUSTIFYING    OUR    MEMBERSHIP
IN  A  REVOLUTIONARY
ORGANIZATION-
Dear Mc:—
The Brantford Comrades held the
most successful out door meeting of
the season here on July 23. Owing
to agitation ln the local capitalist
press, wherein they naturally opined
that we should be compelled to cease
our outdoor meetings, we obtained a
good amount of free advertising for
which we extend our thanks (having
nothing else to extend), it being the
means of drawing to us a pretty big
crowd. Well, to make a long story
short, we started business on a holy
spot, it being just recently vacated by
that soul-saving organization, the Salvation Army. (Say, Mc, do you know
what becomes of the souls they save?)
We had Com. Watklnson of Local No.
24, Toronto, here to deliver the goods,
and after being introduced the Comrade held the crowd for two hours and
gave one of the soundest and most un-
puncturable talks on present day conditions lt has ever been the writer's
opportunity to listen to.
The speaker was ln fine form and
got down to business right away by
calling the crowd slaves, and proving
it conclusively by the very definition
of the word itself. The crowd then
hung their heads while the speaker
explained to them the foolishness of
slaving all day, merely getting a bare
existence, and allowing a bunch of
parasites to purloin the rest without
giving anything in return, not even a
smile. It was certainly fine to see
the crowd smack their lips and to
watch the saliva ooze from their
mouths when the speaker, taking Car-
ral D. Wright's statistics for America,
and which to a very slight difference
are applicable to Canada, pointed out
to the workers that they were creating
wealth to the value of five thousand
dollars per head, per annum, man,
woman and child, Another pleasing
feature was the revengeful look the
workers took on when informed that
all they knew enough to hang on to
was five hundred dollars worth of the
five thousand, such a look with a little more of our education, bodes ill
for the capitalist system. The
speaker then went on elaborating on
the cause of the condition and then
dealt with the remedy and staggered
one or two of the constructive Socialists (?) by quietly informing them
that there was just one hole to the
net and that they bad got to get out
to get out the same way that they
10a—CLARIN
went In, viz., by political action,
might take another form other than
by voting would make n diofference,
they would be forced sooner or later
to travel the road and capture the
control of the political power to save
themselves.
After answering a few questions in
a capable manner the meeting was
brought to a successful end by the
sale of about fifty pieces of literature,
Clarions and Summary of arx Capital,
then the local comrades went to find
their bed, feeling confident they had
for one night at any rate made their
membership in a revolutionary party
justifiable.
Yours in revolt,
"THE  BAKER."
NEW SIBERIA IN NORTHERN
ONTARIO.
Our Provincial Government is actu-
aly imitating Russia by starting a penal
settlement in Northern Ontario by
putting convicts to work on the Government Roads between Matheson and
Porcupine, and thus putting convict
labor in competition with "free" labor
in one of the worst fly infested districts in Canada. When there are
hundreds of unemployed wage workers
who would be willing to do the work
of bt.Ilding the road if there was wages
enough paid them that they would be
able to exist on.
Yours in revolt,
E. P. McCURRY,
Porcupine, Ont.
Mr. R. B. Cunningham Graham, referring to the election of the Spanish
Cortes of the solitary Socialist, Pablo
Igleslas, says that he is a man as different as well as can be from our
"Labor men." As far as he knows,
he has never been a preacher, ls not
a snob, cares not a jot to be a factory Inspector, and, best of all, his
speeches are the same at the street-
corner and in the council hall.
CLARION FINANCIAL STATEMENT,
JULY,  1910.
Expenditures.
Printing   S5188.00
Mailing        13.90
Boy     20.00
Total    $221.90
Receipts.
Subs    1144.66
Cards and Ads    46.50.
Deficit     30.76
Total  1221.90
Pamphlets Now Ready
Proletarian in Politics   The Slave oi
The Farm
Piice 5c each
25c per dozen
NOTE  AND  COMMENT.
I was never ln sympathy with the
attacks which many Socialists feel
called on to make from time to time
upon Kier Hardie, and am still less so
ln view of his courageous opposition
in the British Parliament to increased
grants for the royal family, who, he
said, were maintained by the people
in "lives of luxury, ease and idleness."
Hardie may formally repudiate class
consciousness, but surely this is a
sound olass conscious utterance, and
one which required considerable
nerve. I wonder how many of bis
critics from the class conscious standpoint would have acqulted themselves
as well ln similar suroundings.
Speaking of the royal family recalls the persistent denials of the
story that King George is addicted to
"inebriety," or what would be In an
ordinary person intoxication. If it
hadn't been for the assiduity shown by
the flunkey press ln denying these
reports, probably few would ever have
heard of them, and the general conclusion will be that where there is
so much smoke there must be some
Are. Now, if the impresison should
become widespread that His Nibs is
really something of a boozer, he will
probably end by obtaining a measure
of the popularity enjoyed by his
father, which was largely due to what
are euphemistically described as his
"weaknesses." The most of people
decidedly prefer a man with the reputation of a Jolly good fellow to an
ascetic or a Puritan as a ruler. There
is no doubt that Sir John Macdonald's
undeserved popularity was greatly Increased because of his capacity for
whiskey. As a prince, George was
always considered a staid, studious
sort of personage—not at all the kind
to command the applause of the
crowd, and it is just possible that the
"unfounded reports" of his fondness
for the inebriating cup and the denials
which serve to give them wider circulation, may be set afloat to show
that he has some redeeming vices,
"One touch of nature makes the whole
world kin."
As to the other "unfounded report"
of the morganic marriage which the
flunkey press summarily dispose of as
a recent invention of the yellow journals, the whole story, as a matter of
fact, was well known and fully credited In English "society," years before King George came to the throne.
It is no new Invention of a Yankee
correspondent as is now sought to be
made out. It is well known, too, that
the reason why the details of Queen
Victoria's will were never published,
as royal wills usually are, was because
In it she made provision for MIsb Seymour, the wife who Prince George
unwillingly abandoned for reasons of
state, and her morgantlc family. But,
of course, the literary parasites will
keep on denying it, and all truly loyal
subjects will believe them. Fifty
years hence when everybody concerned is dead, the private diaries
kept by tnose In the know will be published and the facts will come out,
together with a lot of other funny
thingB about royalty, and the critics
of the period will make sarcastic comments at the expense of a sycophantic
and hypocritical generation that could
ignore or tolerate such doings in the
name of loyalty.
But all this it may be said is "muckraking" and out of place in the columns of a Socialist paper, which
should be devoted solely to propaganda purposes and the Inculcation of
the Socialist philosophy. At least
such is the Hrfe of criticism to which
the Appeal to Reason has been subjected. What have Socialists to do,
It is asked, with the exposures of
graft, corruption and general deprav
Ity among the ruling class? It seems
to me that there are two sides to this
question and that the "muck-raker"
the man who shows up the rottenness
inherent in this capitalist system and
attaching to all its works and ways,
hns a most important part in preparing the way for Socialism, whether he
be avowedly class conscious or not.
The greatest, or one of the greatest,
obstacles to the general acceptance
or revolutionary Socialism by the
working class is the deep-seated conviction due to centuries of subjection
and misleading education that after all
the ruling class are somehow abler,
wiser, more fitted to direct and govern
than the general run of individuals.
Make no mistake about it, the habit
of hero-worship is so thoroughly Ingrained in the average man that even
though he may be thoroughly dissatisfied with his lot he still keeps looking to the class above him for a deliverer—seeking relief at the hands of
a Roosevelt, an Asqulth or a Laurier,
running to the little tin gods of his
party or his church for relief. The
muck-raker, in showing that the feet
of his idols are made of clay, is doing
a much needed work by destroying the
age-long veneration of the slavish
mass for the monarchy and the constitution, the Integrity of the Judicial
bench, the honesty of the newspaper
press and all the other shams and
humbugs by which the mind of the
worker ls hypnotized into accepting
the promise of piecemeal reforms in
place of demanding revolution. As
Ingersoll says, "He who roots up
weeds, thlstleB and thorns is a benefactor, whether he plants any grain or
Socialist Directory
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card under this
head. 11.00 per month. Secretaries
please note.
DOMXHXOX EXECUTIVE COmnTIH
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 1688, Vancouver, B. C.
  COLUMBIA     PBOVXXCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
ALBBBTA   PBOVXXCIAL   BXBOUTITB
Committee, Soolallat Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor HaU, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary wlll be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box 64J Calgary,
Alta.
MAHITOBA      PBOVIXCIAL.     BXECU
tlve Committee. Meets tli-wt and third
Tuesdays ln the month at 12 1-2 Adelaide St. Any reader of the Clarion
desiring Information about the movement In Manitoba, or who wishes to
Join the Party please communicate
with the undersigned. W. H. Stebblngs,
Sec, 816 Good St., Winnipeg.
LOCAL XABA, B. O., XO. 34, ■. T. Ot O.,
Meets first Sunday ln every month In
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cynfl
Rosoman,  Recording Secretary.
LOOAL   LADTHHTX  XO.  10,  B.  T.  Ot
C. Business meetings every Saturday
1 p.m. ln headquarters on First Av*.
J. H. Burrougli, Box 31, Ladysmlth,
B. C.
LOCAL MOVIE, B. O, XO. 30.—amBBTB
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. In McGregor
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
Secretary.
LOCAL BOBSLAXD, XO. 38, 8. P. of 0.,
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Finlamlers' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
76G Rossland.
LOCAL   NELSON,   Si.  P.   of  O.,  MBBTB
every Friday evening at 8 p. m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. O. I. A. Austin, Secy.
MABITIME       PBOVINCIAL       BXECU-
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 491, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOOAL   VANCOUVEB,   B.  C,  XO.  I.—
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 161 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688.
LOCAL VANCOUVEB, B. C, XO. 46.—
Finnish. Meets every Hecond and
fourth Thursdays In the month at 161
Hastings St. W. Secretary, Win.
Mynttl.
LOOAL CALOABT, ALTA., Xo. 4, B. T.
of C, Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. in the l.uliur Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofllce). Club
and Rending Room. Labor Hall,
Muchin, Secretary. Box 647, A. Maedonald,   Organizer,   Box   647.
LOCAL BELLBVUB, ALTA., Xo.  13, B.
P. of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hall,
J. OUphant, Secretary.
LOOAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     XO.     3
Miners'   Hall   and  Opera  House  at  8
p.m.    Everybody welcome to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
LOOAL  EDMONTON, ALTA.,  XO. 1,  S.
P. of C. Heaitiutirtcrs 622 First St.,
Business nnd propugunda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our Iteurtlng Room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
F, Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., Secretary. Treasurer, T. Blssett, 322 Fourth
St., Organizer.
LOOAL VICTOBIA, XO. 3,   .8. P. OP O.
Headquarters and Reading Room,
623 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Hotel. Business meeting every Tuesday
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetings
every Sunday at Grand Theatre. R.
Thomas, Secretary.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO.  S,  8.  P.  of  C.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place, Rec. Secy., Box 826.
LOOAL   PBXXX8,   8.   P.   Of   O.   XOLD8
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle, every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business
meeting first Sunday In each month,
same place at 2:30 p. m.
David Paton, Secy., Box 101.
LOCAL OBEEXWOOD XO. 8, 8. P. Of O.
meets every Sunday in Miners' Union
Hall at 7:30 p. m. Business meetings,
1st and 3rd Sundays of each month.
George Heatherton, Organizer; R, J.
Campbell, Secretary, Box 124.
LOCAL VBBNON, B. O., 38, 8. P. Of C,
meets every second and last Friday in
each month. Chas. Chaney, Sec, Box
127 Vernon, B. C.
LOOAL PBXXOB BUPBBT, B. C, Xo. S3,
8. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday ln
hall In Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. m.   L, H. Gorham, Secretary.
LOOAL MXCXBL, B. O., XO. 16, 8. P. OP
C, meets every Sunday ln Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. m. Socialist speakers
are Invited to call. V. Frodsham, Secretary.
LOOAL      BEVBLBTOZE,      B.C.S.P.C—
Propaganda and business meetings al
8 p. m. every Sunday evening ln the
Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are Invited to attend. B. F. Gayman, Secretary,
LOCAL LETBBBIDOE,, ALTA., XO. 13,
8. P. of C—Meets 1st and 3rd Sunduy in the month, at 4 p.m. in
Miners* Hull. Secretnrv, Chas.
Peacock, Box 1983.
LOCAL WINNIPEG, 8. P. of O, BEAD-
quarters, Kerr's Hull, 120 1-2 Adelaide
Street, opposite Rnblln Hotel. Bust-.
ness meeting every Sunday morning
11 a.m. Propaganda meeting Sunday
evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome!
Secretary, J. W. Hilling, 270 Younl
Street.
LOOAL TORONTO, ONT., NO. 34, 8. '
OP C. Business meetings 2nd anl
4th Wednesdays In the month, al
the Labor Temple, Church St. Out-]
door propaganda meetings, Snturday^
8 p.m.. City Hull; Sunday afternoon,-
3 p.m., ut University nnd Queen St.;'
Sunday night, S p.m.. at Shuter ana
\ onge St. Spenkers' Class every
Thursday, s p.m., ut Headquarter*,
78 Church St. Secretary, Arthur
Taylor, 2111  (leorge St.
LOOAL   COBALT,   No.   8,   8.   P.   of   O.
Propagunda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. lu Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
M.   J.   Gorman,    Box   446,   Financial
LOOAL   OTTAWA,   XO.   8,   8.   P.   of   O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday In
munth, and propugunda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. In Rcbert-
Allan Hall, 78 RIdeau St. The usual
weekly inside propaganda meetings
discontinued during summer months.
H. S. Oldham, Secretary, 123 Drum-
mond St.
LOCAL OLACE BAT XO. 1, OP X. 8.—
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday ut 8 p.m. in Macdonald's hull, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding Secretary, Glace Buy; Wm. Sutherland,
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Ross.
Financial Secretary, office In D. N.
Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
Street.
-  OWN "     ^uttraS" on
"Mil'- Cjl*'"-'--  (Z
ft*-ST  IN B.C. CL<xA.«^
••••••••••••••••BMr*
not." We must get rid of the false
Ideals before those of Socialism will
take root. So I can't join in throwing
stones at the Socialist or even the
semi-Socialist journals which are plying the muck-rake. They are doing
good work.
or course the Grand Trunk strikers
are going to be beaten—how otherwise? They are beginning to And out
now where they are at—up against not
merely the corporation, but the whole
power of the government executive
judicial and military. As a creature
and tool of the capitalist class the
government could not do otherwise
than carry out the behests of its
masters in slackening the stringency
of the Immigration regulations so as
to admit strike-breakers, or laborers
from which the company can draw
recruits, and sending the soldiers to
terrorize strikers and their sympathizers. That is just precisely what
governments are for, as tbe strike-
leaders might have known. But what
else than failure can be predicted of
a movement led by such blind guides
as S. N. Berry, vice-president of the
Order ot Railway Conductors, who,
when he heard of the relaxation of
the Immigration regulations, expressed his disbelief that the government
could be guilty of such baseness as to
interfere on behalf of the corporation.
Fancy a "labor leader" so Ignorant as
not to know tbat there is no depth of
meanness to which a government will
not descend to maintain the favor of
the real ruling class—the big capitalists—ln whom it lives and moves and
has its being.
Yes, when it comes to a crisis lt
la always easily Keen that
rulers of the country are the
tions, and premiers and
mere puppets ln their hands
eral Manager Hays command
uution und Hon. Mackenzie
Ister of the Crown, anxid
honor of settling the sfs
preaches him as a suppliant, petitioning him to allow the difficulty to be
settled by arbitration:
And see his lordly fellow-worm
The poor petition spurn.
"Nothing to arbitrate." Right, Mr.
Hays! There never is anything to
arbitrate and the sooner the working
people get that into their heads the
better. You are doing your share in
educating them, you wlll win out, but
one result you do not figure on wlll
bo a fine crop of Socialists and a similar growth of class-consciousness
among the workers to that which followed the defeat of the strikers at
Olace Bay,
PHILLIPS THOMPSON.
Propaganda Meetii
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock'
ORANGE HALL
Vancouver B. C. Y.
•wis*—
lAnOsDAT, AUGUST 6. 1D10.
r^s?»aay*
•£*»?•:
TT^-Tv^rreRirCLARIOK V7&COUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA:
Ha * <*■:
■BBsxHI
TH SPCIAUST PARTY OF CANADA
Tb1* Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive ConuBittees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 1688, Vancouver, B. C.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE.
Meeting held August 1st, 1910.
Present: Comrades Morgan (chairman), Karme, Kingsley, Peterson,
Stebblngs and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Delegation of Ukrainian comrades
received.    -
Correspondence dealt with from
Maritime, Manitoba and Alberta, executives, Locals Cobalt (Finnish), Sault
Ste Marie, Windsor, Brantford, Fort
William, Ottawa and Toronto, Ont.;
Innisfali, Alta.; Port Moody, B. C;
and from Victoria, B. C, reporting
suspension of J. S. Ferguson. From
J. Bffler, Grandview, Man.; Organizer
Fillmore, Gribble and O'Brien and
Moses Baritz.
Very few endorsations of referendum re Toronto convention having
been received, the referendum fails.
Information having been laid with
the committee that Local Berlin was
printing and issuing dues stamps, Its
charter was revoked, and secretary instructed to so notify Ontario Locals.
Com. Moses Baritz of Manchester
was appointed organizer for the Province of Ontario, with instructions to
report in the Clarion on condition of
affairs there.
Receipts.
Maritime Executive % 5.50
B. C. Executive  50.00
Local Cobalt (Finnish), stamps.    5.00
Local Fennell Hall, stamps     2.00
Sault Ste. Marie, stamps  10.00
literature,  Fernle $5.00,  Cobalt
£1.00, H. F. Smith    50 cents,
Ibctoria 50 cents    7.00
■■Ion    maintenance    fund, H.
^B>rnian «2,oo, B. L. J. $1.00..    3.00
MANITOBA   REPORT.
Pstafc-tal  ■ $82,50
Warrants authorized;  for Clarion
July card  % 1.00
July deficit   30.75
Postage and expressage    5.80
Printing pamphlets   37.50
Secretary's July salary  15.00
M. Barltz, organizing  50.00
ap-
B. C. PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE.
Meeting held August 1, 1910.
Minutes of  previous  meeting
proved.
Correspondence   dealt    with   from
Local Revelstoke, Mara, Nelson, Fernle and Victoria, and Com. John Staples, Cloverdale, B. C.
Receipts.
Local Fernle, stamps $ 5.00
Local Mara, stamps    3.00
John Staples, organizing    3.00
Total    111.00
Warrants authorized; for Clarion
July card   $ 1.00
Dominion Executive supplies 50.00
Printing envelopes    2.75
Secretary's July salary  15.00
ALBERTA
PROVINCIAL
TIVE.
EXECU
Regular meeting, held July 24, 1910.
Comrade   Macbln   elected   to   the
chair.
Present: Comrades Machtn, Mc-
Lane, Burgess, Danby, Howell, Wil-
11ms and O'Brie.n.
Correspondence dealt with from
Belevue, Markeville, Edmonton, Ero-
ptatfjJMg Com., Desmond.
— -""" ••>•'* Receipts.
Local      $2.50
*   6.00
      6.00
^^^^      2.00
*. JJgfNey        2.00
19.60
Expenses.
Dominion Executive   $10.00
F. Danby for postage and box rent 2.30
$12.60
FRANK DANBY, Sec.
REVEL8TOKE  RESOLUTION.
Resolved, that members of local legislature should get out and do propaganda work between sessions of the
House.
Candidates nominated by locals
shall, on the day of nmoination write
out their resignations with exception
of dating same and put it in hands ot
local secretaries.
Legislative representatives shall
option of turning salaries over
ml of riding from which they are
ed, the party locals to give them
t remuneration they see fit for
r work. Legislative members to
free between sessions if salary is
id over or can retain salary and
der direction of Dominion Executive Committee between sessions.
This resolution to me published in
the Western Clarion.
B. F. GAVMAN,
Secretary.
Dear Comrade,—The Manitoba Pro.
Exe. Com. herewith submits a report
of the finances and propaganda carried
on for the six months ending June 30th,
1910. There are at present seven
locals and one branch with an average
membership of 113.6 made up as follows:
Average per month.
Winnipeg No. 1  36.6
Winnipeg No. 2  1.6
Winnipeg,  German 11.6
Winnipeg, Lettish Branch 23.3
{Brandon  6.4
Valley River..." 13.4
Dauphin    15.9
Practically all of the Rutbenian
organizations we formed bave died,
causes Inability of the English and
Ruthenlans to understand each other.
Consequently no efficient work can be
accomplished until such time as tbe
Party is in a position to keep permanent organizers (Rutbenian) in the field.
Valley River and Dauphin are ln a
healthy condition but are handicapped
for lack of local propagandists and also
being composed largely of farmers they
have considerable distances to travel
for a meeting.
Brandon is still on deck but have in
the past depended too much on Comrade Fulcher for their spouting, but we
understand that the deficiency ls
being rectified.
As for Winnipeg, the North End
Locals are dissatisfied with S. P. of C.
tactics and are gradually breaking
away, with the object of joining the
eastern Social Democrats. Winnipeg
No. 1 has no dry rot and can be depended upon In an emergency.
The Committee has endeavored in
the past to get In touch with all
Socialists not connected with the
Party, In order to get them to join
as members at large. A membership
Of 100 at large would keep a permanent organizer in the Held. So far very
in's Report.)
little success has been our lot, probably the future will do better. We
wish to draw your attention to the
fact tbat when organizers are sent out
either from the east or west, by the
time they reach Manitoba they are
tired out and are of no use to us. It
would be better to send a man direct
than waste time paying scratch visits.
What little there was of O'Brien and
Gribble's propaganda was good. Fulcher also did excellent work and did
it well. Desmond was not a success
from a farmers' standpoint. (Dauph-
Yours ln revolt,
W. H. STEBBINGS,
Secretary.
•   •   •
SUMMARY OF RECEIPTS AND DISBURSEMENTS,   SIX   MONTHS
ENDING 30TH JUNE, 1910.
Expenditurea:
Due stamps purchased $ 60.00
Propaganda literature—
North Winnipeg.  15.00
West Winnipeg  15.00
Chas. H. Kerr, pamphlets      4.95
Organizing Expenses—
Campaign  circulars,   postage
stamps and advertising     44.50
A.     Percy    Chew,     expenses
to Brandon      6.00
W. S. Cumming, expenses to
Brandon         4.30
Desmond's tour       25.00
Gribble's tour      25.00
,Vm.   Watt's   Winnipeg   Organizing Fund       20.00
Geo. Armstrong, general disbursements    100.00
Western   Clarion, 500   3-month
subs   	
Cards purchased from Dom. Executive 	
Constitutions from Dom. Executive	
Charters from Dom. Executive
Western Clarion Card Ad	
Western  Clarion  subscription.
Chas.  H.  Kerr's Reviews and
books      7.30
Election Fund Bal. Dom. Elec.
Campaign—
Wm. Vobs for North Winnipeg
Wm. Watts for WeBt Winnipeg  	
Balance cash on hand, June 30,
1910   	
Dauphin    38
Brandon    10
Constitution Sold—
Dauphin         1.00
Winnipeg Lettish 26
Warrant Book Winnipeg No. 1 .50
Balance from J. W. Hillhouse.. 2.50
Brandon's 1909 ac. stamps, etc.     5.10
Sub. to Western Clarion       1.00
Sale of Books, Kerr's      7.25
Sale of Reviews      5.15
H. Saltzman Old Election ac... 26.00
Daupbln Sale of Literature.... 1-37
Winnipeg No. 2 Stamp ac. 1908 15.00
Cash Balance forward Dec. 31 '09 45.82
W. H. STEBBINGS,
Secy.
WINNIPEG CAMPAIGN FUND.
Dear Mc:—
Please acknowledge additional contributors to fund:
Rossland, B. C $ 5.00
A Nash, Glace Bay    1.00
Dave Cochrane, Glace Bay     1.00
F. Reynolds, So. Salt Spring....    2.00
Ladysmlth No. 10, 2nd contribution        6.75
Nanaimo, 2nd contribution  10.00
S. Darnley, Vancouver     3.00
Total    $27.76
FORT  WILLIAM, ONT.
Comrade:
Local 13 of Fort William has now
on table a letter from Ontario executive, newly elected, that they suppose
we have received quarterly report
card and that as the Dominion has
not seen fit to recognize them we
turn down the report card, etc., etc.,
and that they now have stamps,
papers and other propaganda literature, we patronize them, also that
we pay first instalment of assessment
to put Organizer Cunningham on the
road. Our answer runs like this:
You will receive report card with this
letter. The more organizers the better, but first organize your own town
and make good. Not that Comrade
Cunningham may not make a good
one, as he may have Improved a lot
since I was in Guelph, but It seems
to us as If there was a reform party,
and a revolutionary one, and that our
present Ontario party or executive Is
only reform. They want to come
west and learn to be revolutionary.
The party wants speakers and organizers, but at the present time we
don't want to have too many bills as
finances are low, and It seems money,
not the good of the party, they are
after. Following is a few resolutions
from Local 13:
1. We want speakers and organizers who come for good of Party, not
booze fighters or private bottlers
2. We believe this split is for good
of Party, as too many reformers have
crept in not of the good revolutionary
Socialist type.
3. That we submit the forming of a
Provincial Executive to a vote, same
to he printed in Clarion, as not half
of Locals were represented at Toronto.
3.   That too many manifestoes are
being  sent  out  by   Ontario  and  not
enough  live  work  done.
Yours in Revolt,
WM.  PARKER,
Recording Secretary Local 13,
Fort William.
A   LOCAL  OPTION   BURG.
75.00
4.00
15.00
3.00
6.00
1.00
13.00
13.00
76.47
Total  $533.52
Memo—Chews', Cummlng's, Desmond's and Gribble's tours exclusive of
contributions and collections.
Receipts.
Stamps Sold—
Winnipeg No. 1  $21.80
Winnipeg No. 2      1.00
Winnipeg,  German         7.00
Winnipeg,   Jewish      3.00
Winnipeg, Lettish     14.00
Brandon         3.80
Valley River       8.00
Dauphin         9.50
Subscription to Organizing Fund 349.80
Membership Fees at Large      3.00
Cards Sold—
Winnipeg No. 1 50
Winnipeg, Lettish 35
Winnipeg, German 25
Dear Mc,—I find it necessary to
change my postal address again, so
please send my Clarion to the above
address,—until I move again. Owen
Sound is a very nice place. Its prln-
c'pal amusement is Local Option, a pastime, I found, that provides the moral
/lours of the race with a feeling ot
vlng done their duty to mankind,
and also the police force and magistrate are plentifully supplied with cases of drinks, dives and other accompaniments of prohibition. Of course,
I did not leave thero because of Local
Option.
They say the unexpected always happens, and If they imagined that they
were going to make the town dry well
the unexpected did happen. The wohle
thing is a farce, you have drunks at
breakfast, dinner and tea. It you are
around one of the dry hotels, you get
plagued with confidential enquiries as
to whether the bartender is around, is
there any chance, have they got anything. Perhaps luck favors them and
they get a drink of whiskey, or rather
something in a whiskey glass which
seems to bear a remarkable resemblance to turpentine or wood alcohol
colored. Local option has just driven
the drinking behind closed doors, but
the drunks go about unblushlngly. Well
they are not drunk, they are doped.
They look like a cross between a lunatic and a fellow half stupefied through
some drug. Still I guess that's enough
about it, except that it should be included in our Party Platform as it
makes the workers thrifty, I know lt
does. The flourishing condition ot the
hire-purchased store "Yours for $1 a
week" proves It.
Through circumstances, one being a
thunderstorm, I was unable to hold any
meetings. The workers tbere are ripe
for organization. Capitalism operates
there just the same as anywhere else.
The relations between worker and boss
are clearly defined. Tbe boss provides
directive ability," so much so that one
of them was able to go to Europe and
send his ability oyer by rail; of course
his share of the profits would also be
directed to him though he was thousands of miles away. This is a fact I
used for illustration. I got rid of some
pamphlets and gave away a number of
O'Brien's speech. Though the results
were small I'm satisfied. What they
need is Socialism, real Socialism; the
system is giving them the necessary
education to make them discontents;
what they want is to be shown the
way out.
I remain yours In revolt
J. STEWART.
A8 TO DAW80N.
Comrade Editor,
In your issue of July 2nd appeared
a continued article by Dawson which
I would like to criticise, my chief
objection being that lt savours too
much of Utoplanism.
He says, "Can you wonder at the enthusiasm of the Socialist when he
realizes he is working for the highest
ideals of the human soul, for the brotherhood of man, etc." I have run
across some Socialists who profess to
be working for the above ideal, and
on the other hand, I have met revolutionary Socialists who will tell you
that they know nothing about the
human soul or the brotherhood of
man business, and that all they know
and care about Is, that they are slaves,
and that they wish to be free, and
that the only way to get free ls to
get to work hammering away some
sense Into the think tanks of their fellow slaves, so that they will see that
they also are slaves, and wishing to
be free, they will join in the revolution to free themselves.
My experience is that the human
animal is the most selfish alive; give
him his hay and oats and he cares
nought for his fellows and it is only
when be is hungry he starts to think.
When he is educated enough by the
much despised agitator he will kick
but his efforts alone will not
count for much, it is only by concerted action on the political field can
he hope to get access to the means
whereby he can satisfy his selfish
appetite. The undersigned is one
of this sort, and I know that the best
workers in the revolutionary army are
tarred with the same brush.
Another point in said article I would
like to touch on is: Comrade Dawson devotes a column teaching that
under Socialism the laborer will receive the full product of his toll. I
think he gets this from over the imaginary line. I cannot find It in the
Canadian platform. Ours says that
labour produces all wealth and to the
producers it should belong. If the
workers receive all they produce, what
is going to keep up the afflicted, the
old and the orphan? Our comrade
later on in his article suggests taxation. Now, if there is any one who objects to taxation it is a Socialist. Taxation suggests a ruling power which
has a whip to enforce payment—the
very thing we are trying to overthrow,
viz., our masters. I believe the explanation of our platform is, that under a co-operative system all would
be in the producing class and as such
would have a right to share ln the
wealth owned by the commonwealth;
those who are unable to produce
through sickness, etc., would be provided for.
Another point In said artcile ls "In
herltance." I maybe do not understand what the comrade means. I
take It that he means any one can
inherit wealth from his ancestors. 1
do not think this would be wise, because some would hoard up wealth
which would keep the beneficiary from
doing any useful labor, and so we
would have an idle class again living
on the Industry of another. All wealth
should revert to the commonwealth
and then every man would have to
stand on his own industry and so be
a man.
Yours for a speedy Revolution,
C. W. SPRINGFOED.
A POINTER.
Comrade Slave:
You will find enclosed postal note
to pay for two half yearlles and two
three-month subs for the only paper.
Some of tho plugs are annoying the
life out of me with "What ls the matter, I don't get my paper?" They
haven't the guts to go and raise particular hell with the powers that be
in the post office.
It seems to strike me that there
are hundreds of wage slaves round
here just Itching to get a good paper,
the subs are here If every party member did a little boosting for their
paper.
We had Com. O'Brien with us a few
days; good meetings, very attentive
crowds, good sales of literature, and
the literature is the thing that counts
most.
J. C. BURGESS,
SOCIALIST PARTY OF GREAT BRI
TAIN VS. ANTI-SOCIALIST
UNION.
Some few weeks ago (Juno 5th) the
Manchester branch of the Socialist
Party of Great Britain were successful ln fixing up a debate with an official representative of the Anti-Socialist
Party Union (Mr. G. W. De Tunz
elman, B. Sc, M. 1. E. E.). Comrade
Jack Fitzgerald was requested by the
Executive Council (who appoint all
representatives) to stand tor the party.
Fitzgerald ls but a bricklayer; Mr.
De Tunzelman ls a Bachelor of Science, Examiner of Physics at one ot
the Universities, etc., yet withal *Flt2'
gerald proved the much wider Informed man and had a grasp of the whole
range of sclenc applied to the Socialist
position. There is no doubt whatever
that the Socialist Party of Great Britain have once again proved their
soundness to the satisfaction of a
large majority of opponents to their
party that attended the debate. Each
speaker occupied 30 minutes—20 minutes and 10 minutes.
Councillor Harold (Tory) occupied
the cnair and called upon Mr. De Tunzelman, who said:
Mr, Chairman, ladies and gentlemen,
the doctrines of Marx which he wished
to dispose of were first his materialistic view of society; secondly, his economic theory; and thirdly Marx'B views
of the "class war." Marx had
emphatically declared atheism to be
essential to his system; no doubt because materialism was prevalent at
the time he wrote. Nowadays materialism was a dead horse, and not even
a fifth rate thinker supported it. Without flogging a dead horse he would certainly like to know how the materialistic would account for a man's conviction of his own personal Identity
with what he was twenty years ago,
although in that time every particle
in his body had been renewed more
than once. Thus the very foundation
of Marx's economic system was rotten at the very beginning. The foundation of Marx's economic theory was
his theory of exchange value, which
was that the exchange value of a commodity, i.e., the price it fetched ln the
open market, was determined by tbe
material and the labor put into that
material. He admitted the varying
quality of labor, and that it must contain brain work and hand work. This
was the right view of value, according
to which the price or value of anything
was determined by the amount of hand
and brain labor spent upon it, the cost
of the material, and the law of supply
and demand. Marx, however, dropped
out the cost of material claiming that
this could be expressed in terms of labor only, as sand could be turned into
gold dust if only enough labor were
spent upon It. He also stated that
brain work could be expressed in
terms of hand work. By way of Illustrating the utter absurdity of Marx's
theory of the exchange value of a commodity the speaker Instanced the case
of a trawler which in one hawl of an
hour took up a large number of fish,
and in the next haul a large tree stump
which had broken the net and allowed
the fish to escape. Yet according to
Marx's idea of ignoring the material
and counting only the labor, the two
hauls were of the same value, nay even greater, because of the time taken
in repairing the net after the second
haul had to be Included. In fact Marx'
theory was only part of the practical exchange value, just as a watch case
wus part of a watch, and his economic
arguments were mere thimble rigging.
In business transactions Marx talked
about what he called "surplus value,"
which was, he assumed, obtained by
robbing the worker of half his wages,
and was the equivalent of capital. Afterwards he asserted that all profit,
as well as capital, was obtained by robbing the worker of part of his wages.
This involved the obvious absurdity
that no profit could be made on fixed
capiat, i.e., buildings, machinery, and
so on; but only on variable' capital
which was expended in wages. He also
made the false assumption that the capitalist did no work, ran no risk, and
had no share In the industrial process,
though elsewhere he admitted that the
same capitalist had to arrange the conditions of production and organize the
process so as to attain success. Besides this, and without attempting to
prove what he said, he stated tbat all
capitalists were simply robbers, and
the necessity for a class war between
them and the workers followed as a
natural consequence. Capital, like other forms of wealth, might be transferred by robbery from one holder to
another; but before this was done it
had to be called In to being, and no
process of robbery could do that. On
the basis that all capital was a fixed
quantity, and its accumulations only
possible by robbing the worker, Marx
concluded that the working classes
must be growing poorer, and predicted
that sooner or later a bloody revolution would be the resule. He also contended that machinery gave the capitalist greater power over the workers
and Increased their poverty. Both conclusions were ln direct conflict to historical fact.
Tho Chairman called upon Comrade
Fitzgerald, who said:
Mr. Chairman, Ladles, and Gentlemen,—My opponent has claimed that
no first, second nor even fifth class
thinker, now accepts the position of
Karl Marx on the materialist conception of history; yet Professor Lewis
H. Morgan, probably the greatest ethnologist that has over lived, discovered
Independently this basis of society, and
laid It down In his great work "Ancient
Society."
Of this work, Professor .leaks In his
"History of Politics" (page 3) says, "It
will ultimately be recognized as one of
the great scientific products of tbe 19th
To the average capitalist .or business
man, nothing exists but business.
Nothing will ever exist but business.
His motto is, "aa it waa in the beginning,, ls and ever shall be, world
without end. Amen." Hla property
and his administration of . tbat property are protected by law,, and the
Law must prevail. To those, however,
whose function is to formulate and enforce the laws, and to fit the minds
of the subjects for obedience to them,
it Is becoming more and more apparent that all social institutions of
which Property is the basis, rest, in
turn, upon nothing more stable and
permanent than the restless and uncertain Mass. lt ls for the body, a
composite of acadamecians, parliamentarians, administrators, etc., including some capitalists whose early
success enables them to see beyond
the walls ot the counting-house, to
devise ways and means whereby that
Mass, of which you and I are components, may be kept "tame" and thus
render our Civilization safe. The most
prominent, and at once the most subtle
and effective effort In this direction at
present, is the Boy Scout Movement
Out of several pages dealing with
what a Boy Scout is expected to be
and become, I take this sentence aa
the pith of the whole movement: "The
Bcout ls expected to stick to his parents, to bis superiors, to bis employers
and to bis country through thick and
thip, against anyone who is their
enemy, or even' talks badly about
them." Without quibbling, this may
easily be reduced to "the scout is expected to obey his employers." It Is
a matter of form to stick ln something
about parents, as bow any one can
stick to bis parents and be a soldier,
is new. As to the rest, the scouts'
superiors are his employers, as his
employers are tbe country. Here we
have a determined effort to produce
another Roman Soldier. An automaton, whose one thought was to obey,
a machine, in which the salient feature was the complete subversion ot all
that approached the standard ot a man.
This is what they would make of the
susceptible minds of the coming generation. This, notwithstanding the
fact that all their prominent men are
vielng with each other in an effort, to
pose as the world's greatest Peacemaker. The capitalist class is to be
given credit for having performed the
remarkable feat ot standing in two
places at once for many years. And
apparently tbe end of this callsthenlc
marvel is not yet.
a   a   a
Puttee says the tall has lost the dog.
Tails are out of date anyway, something to this effect was lately given
out by a gentleman of the name of
Darwin. I always did maintain that
we were only wasting time trying to
wag that composition tail, anyhow.
• •   •
Local Revelstoke settles up for
due stamps and Card, per Com. Gay-
man, Secy.
• •   •
Local No. 38 W. F. M. Rossland, B.
C, sends three dollars to pay for
bundle.
• •   •
Burgess of Calgary sleeps with one
eye open for subs. If tbey were all
like hlm, the Immediate demand would
be settled by tbe Revolution. He
[total ten weeks this week.
• •   •
There is no closed sesson for subs,
on the Island, W. G. DeRousi, Victoria,
lands two, and Stevens, Victoria, three.
• •   •
L. R. Mclnnes, Sandon, gets two with
lone stone.   Second one on way to Post-
lofllce.
• •   •
Two more in Nelson wlll read all
about It through tbe agency of I. A.
Austin.
• »   •
Local Brantford reports clearing
decks for action, and sends some Universal Equivalent.
• •    •
Moses Baritz, is on a rampage after
Contentment, four shots below water
line is his record.
• •   •
Single file Is better than no parade: —
Adam Grewar, St. Catharines, Ont.,
iNational Miners' Union, National Nev.,
S. Lefeaux, Revelstoke, E. P. McCurry,
Porcupine, Ont., J. Stewart, Toronto,
F. H. Sangster, Stouffville, Ont,'John
Staples, Cloverdale, B. C, G. Zlmmer,
Crawford Bay, B. C, H. Norman, P. J.
McKinnon, Arthur McDonald, Vancouver, B. C, J. J. Robinson, Ladysmlth,
II. C, J. B. Harper, Quilchena, B. C, A.
Marsh, Hillcrest, B. C, M. W. Gawln-
chuk, Fernle, B. C, James, Thomson,
Medicine Hat Alta., and Jim says, what
can you expect with a town handicapped with a name as above.
• *   •
"Smith" carries the flag, with three
to his credit In Vancouver.
F. PERRY
TAILOR
834 PENDER *•*
^m-iipirBcW oiufliBLC
.'..-..
wmmmmVfmm t\.'.t.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 6, 1910.
Century." Lewis Morgan says in his
work tbat "A critical knowledge of the
evolution of the idea of property would
embody, in some respects, the most
.remarkable portion of the mental history of mankind." Further, he says,
"That the-production of iron was the
•vent of events, ln human experience,
without a parallel, and without an
equal, beside which all Inventions and
discoveries were Inconsiderable, or at
least subordinate. Out of it came tbe
metallic hammer, anvil, the axe and
chisel, the plough with the Iron point,
and the iron sword; ln fine, the basis
of civilization, which may be said to
rest upon this metal, The want of iron
tools arrested the progress of mankind
in barbarism. There they would have
remained to the present hour had they
failed to bridge the chasm." Moreover,
so closely did he agree with Marx's
< view, that towards the end of his book
.on pages 662 appears the following
statement:
"Since the advent of civilization, the
outgrowth of property has been so immense, its forms so diversified, its uses
so expanding, and its management bo
intelligent in the interest of its owners, that lt has become on the part of
the people, an unmanageable power.
The human mind stands bewildered in
the presence of its own creation. The
dissolution of society bids fair to become the termination ot a career of
which property is the end and aim; because such a career contains the elements of self-destruction. Democracy
In government, brotberhod in Society,
equalities in rights and privileges and
universal education foreshadow the
next higher plane of society to which
experience, intelligence and knowledge
are tending. It will be a revival in a
higher form, of the liberty, equality
and fraternity of the ancient gentes,
Fitzgerald then went on to say that
Prof. Thorold Rogers and Achllle Lorla
had both written upon the "Economic
Interpretation of History" respectively.
Prof. E. R. Seligman, of Columbia
University, ln bis work "Economic Interpretation of History," says that
"whether or no we agree with Marx's
analyses of Industrial society, and without attempting as yet to pass judgment upon the validity of his philosophic doctrine, lt is safe to say that no
one can study Marx as he deserved to
be, and let us add, as he has hitherto
not been studied In England and America, that perhaps with exception of
Ricardo, there has been no more original, no more powerful and no more
acute Intellect in the entire history
of Economic Science." (page 56).
This from an opponent of Socialism.
—The above quotations completely disprove tbe statements of Mr. De Tunz-
elman wben he says no flrst class
thinker agrees with the Marxian concept of History . Men, too, like Alexander Bain, Prof. Haeckel and even
Herbert Spencer were really materialists. The latter in his "Data of Ethics"
says that of self-eyident truths so dealt
with, the one which here concerns
us, is that a creature must live before
it can act. From this it is a corollary
tbat the act by which each maintains
his own life must, speaking generally,
precede ln Imperativeness all other
acts of which he Is capable. That is
to say, that ethics has to recognize
the truth, recognized In unethical
thought, that egoism comes before altruism."
This waa rank materialism. Bain
In bis v/ork 'The Unity of Mind and
Body" supports that contention. If,
however) as my opponent stated, mind
remains whilst matter changes, then
a person while passing through childhood, youth, manhood and old age, had
the aame mind as they were born with
To talk of mind being Independent of
matter was an absurdity. Did anyone
ever see a mind apart from matter?
or acting by Itself without a body? Certainly not!
Now to Marx. So many wild Inaccurate statements are being circulated
as what Marx' position was, that he
would aak the audience to bear with
him while he read a long extract from
the preface to Marx' "Critique of Political Economy," published in 1859,
where a line sketch of the materialist
conception  of history  was  given
"In tbe social production which men
carry on, tbey enter Into definite relations that are indispenslble and independent of their wlll; these relations
of production correspond to a definite
stage of development of their material
powers of production. The sum total
of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of so-
clety«-the real foundation, on which
rise legal and political superstructures
and to which correspond definite forms
of social consciousness. The mode of
production in material life determines
the general character of the social, political and spiritual processes of life.
It is not the consciousness of men that
determines their existence, but, on tbe
contrary, their social existence determines their consciousness. At a certain
stage of their development, the material forces of production In society come
"With the change of the economic
foundation the entire Immense superstructure is more or less rapidly transformed." .
"In broad outlines we can designate
the Asiatic, and the modern bourgeois
methods of production as so many
epochs in tbe progress of the economic
formation of society."
And tn the "Eighteenth Brumaire"
Marx had said:
"Man makes his own history, but
he does not make It out of the whole
cloth; he does not make it out of conditions chosen by himself, but out of
such as he finds close at hand
in conflict with the existing relations
of production From forms
of development of the forces of production these relations turn into their
fetters. Then comes the period of social revolution."
My opponent disputes Marx' analysis
of value and denies that surplus value
comes from labor power. Let us examine the matter a little. All wealth
consists of two elements; the material provided by Nature, and the human
energy necessary to convert that material into a form fit for man's use. This
was the only source of wealth. If any
section existed in society who enjoyed
the best of life without doing anything in its production, obviously they
must do so by robbing the producers.
Who were the producers? The working class. You never saw a capitalist
going down a mine to dig coal, nor
diving an express engine nor building
the tall chimneys, etc. All these things
were done by members of the working
class and by them alone. Hence tbe
wealth the capitalist class enjoyed was
stolen from the workers.
Mr. de Tunzelman had waxed very
eloquent over the "risks" the capitalist
ran of losing his money and how he
deserved rewarding for this "risk."
Well, which was more important, inanimate things, or animate life? And
we had just had an example at Whitehaven, where 137 miners were murdered for profit, showing how the working
class risked their lives in mine, mill
and factory every day. What was the
employer's risk compared to this?"
Mr. De Tunzelman.
Mr. de Tunzelman said the contention that mind must be an entity independent of matter was no good ground
for the absurd conclusion that a man's
mind underwent no development during his lifetime. Herbert Spencer was
not a materialist, neither was Haeckel,
and Bain, another authority quoted by
Mr. Fitzgerald, was not, in any sense of
the word, a flrst class thinker. Marx
claimed that social relations were independent of the will, and that material
conditions formed the only factor in
social progress. Certainly those conditions formed a factor of fundamental
importance, but not the only factor, because, if so, it was equal to saying
that the personality of the engineer
who changed the face of a country, as,
for example, in the case of the Assouan
dam, had nothing to do with the result
In regard to Mr. Fitzgerald's closing remarks, he would suggest that it was
not necessary for a capitalist to go
down a coal mine any more than It was
necessary or desirable for a general
of tbe army to lead a cavalry charge.
It was not claimed that brain work
could do away with hand work, or vice
versa, though the prices paid for both
could be compared. Yet even then it
did not follow that one could be expressed in terms of tbe other. If the
capitalist paid for the direction of his
capital, then his share was diminished
by the amount so paid; it was not
taken from the workers. Mr. de Tunzelman congratulated his opponent on the
skill he had shown In reading lengthy
extracts which seemed to have little
relevance to the subject, in order to
plug up the holes tbat had be-jn made
ln Marx' economics.
Fitzgerald Contlnuea.
In his last remarks my opponent has
admitted as true what he denied in
his first speech. For if material conditions are a factor and of "great and
fundamental Importance" he Is giving
me my whole case. (Tunzelman here
rose to a point of misrepresentation,
but tbe chairman ruled that none had
occurred.)
The engineer who designed the Assouan Dam did not prove anything to
the contrary. In essence this was the
"Great Man Theory" tbat Herbert
Spencer had demolished in the 'Study
of Sociology" where on page 34 he
says:
"Then the origin of th<> great man
Is natural; and Immediately this is
recognised he must be classed with
all other phenomena in the society
that gave him birth, as a product of
his antecedents. Along wltb the whole I
manual workers for a price of bard
work, then obviously, through the medium of exchange, you were comparing
the brain work of one to the hand
work of ten. But who supplied the
brain work, the directive ability ln Industry? Marx had, by anticipation,
already answered this when on page
321 of Vol. 1 of "Capital" English edition  he  says:
"All combined labor on a large scale
requires, more or less, a directing authority, in order to secure the harmonious working of the Individual
activities, and to perform the general
functions that have their origin ln the
action of the combined organization,
as distinguished from the action of its
separate organs. A single violin player Is his own conductor; an orchestra requires a separate one	
Just as at flrst the capitalist is relieved from actual labor as soon as
his capital has reached the minimum
amount with which capitalist production, as such, begins, so now, he
hands over the work of direct and
constant supervision of the Individual workmen, and groups of workmen,
to a special kind of wage laborer,"
Concerning the instance of the tree
root caught up in the fishing net. Was
Mr. de Lunzelman the first person who
had found something other than fish
in his net? On the contrary, it was
a common experience and was taken
into account when reckoning the average time required to catch a certain quantity of fish: just as a certain
amount of waste haa to be allowed for
In spinning yarn. The question of
wear and tear of a lathe was not
the concern of the seller but of the
user; the seller being interested ln
the time taken to produce the lathe,
which was embodied in the price he
sold It for. The user was concerned
with the wear and tear because it was
the basis for his calculation as to how
much of its value was taken over by
each article. Supose that on an average a machine lasted a certain time
and helped to produce 1,000 articles
before being worn out; then one
thousandth part of its value would be
added to each article. This was done
in every business wltn the various machines in use.
My opponent claimed that Marx only
counted labor in his calculations and
left out the value of the raw material,
machinery, etc., for the purpose of
"simplifying" the problem. Yet in the
very case he had read out from "Capital" there was the flat contradiction
to such a State ent, tor out of the 27s.
given In Marx's example 24s. was for
raw material, .machinery, etc., and 3s.
for labor! Mr. de Tunzelman had made
merry over the case of the diamond
merchant who, while employing one
cutter, had made about £9,600 profit.
"Was it not absurd," he said, "to suppose this was made out of the one
worker?" If it was absurd, then would
Mr. de Tunzelman tell us where the
profit came from.
In his third speech Mr. de Tunzelman said all the examples be had given of exchange value, to which his
opponent objected, fulfilled all Marx's
conditions. The conclusions drawn
were, therefore, a logical consequence
of Marx's theory, and Mr. Fitzgerald
would not be able to persuade people
of greater intelligence than tbat possessed of a row of cabbages that this
was not so. Mr. Fitzgerald appeared
to glorify egoism, which was rather
a surprising position for an avowed Socialist to take up. It was well to
remember that the capitalist was not
paid for providing the worker with
work, but for paying him his wages
every week, and for providing buildings, machinery, etc.
Mr. Fitzgerald: My opponent claims
that Marx said tbe economic was the
only factor and that man's surroundings determine him, whereas the truth
according to my oppent ls that conditions only largely determine the man.
Let me read again what Marx said
—not what Mr. de Tunzelman thinks
he said:
The sum total of these relations
of production constitute the economic
structure M society—the real foundation upon which rise legal and political superstructures." Also the statement I read before—"Man makes his
own history, but he does not make
lt out of the whole cloth." My opponent bas given me my whole case on
are therefore compelled to work- a
whole day for what has taken less than
a day to produce. The difference between the time necessary to produce
the equivalent of your subsistence, and
the whole time you work ls "surplus
labor time," during which you produce
"surplus-value." Everyone who works
for wages knows he must produce ln a
day more than the equivalent of his
wages or he will not be employed.
Yet my opponent bas the effrontery to
say Marx "put in" the surplus value.
His remark that If his points could
not be grasped he might as well talk
to cabbages Is I claim, a complete admission of defeat. Only the realization that he had lost his case could
have brought forth such a remark.
In conclusion, I claim that not one of
the points of Marx's teory has been
shown unsound. The materialist conception of history supported by the
great thinkers I have quoted as well
as the facts of history itself; tbe
theory of surplus value proved by the
general surplus in production as well
as by the details of wages being less
than product; and Anally the class-
struggle that must exist where the
means ot life are held by one class,
thereby enslaving the other.    '
The Socialist Party of Great Britain
stands upon these principles and fights
the struggle from the workers side
with the object of abolishing wage
slavery and misery and establishing
in its place Socialism.
OPEN   AIR   IN     TORONTO.
(Continued from Page 1)
generation of which he forms a mln- this point.   I have already dealt with
ute  part—along with its Institutions, his tree root rubbish.
language, knowledge, manners, and
Its multitudinous arts and appliances
he is a resultant of an enormous aggregate of forces that have been cooperating  for  ages."
Where did the engineer obtain his
knowledge? Was be born with it?
or dld'he acquire lt? He hadNto live
while acquiring this knowledge and
who provided the things he required?
'the working class. Even this was
not all for when he had worked out
his calculations and made his drawings, then he was dependent upon the
members of the working class—navvies, masons, etc—to construct the
Dam. Finally the engineer was not
the capitalist who drew the profits,
but a servant of his,
8ECOND SPEECH.
The comparison of brain and band
work was*belng done every day ln
your capitalist markets. When on one
side you had £100 given for a piece
of so-called brain work, and on the
other £10 each given to ten so-called
To say that the capitalist provides
tbe workers with the new buildings
and machinery dodges my question.
Where does the capitalist get them?
He does not produce them himself.
Then who does? The working class.
One section of the workers provide the
other section with machines, etc Moreover, the whole question of wealth
production, raised in my flrst speech
has not been dealt with, bo that my
claim that the workers produce all the
wealth stands unrefuted.
The above general statement is a
complete answer to the point repeated
by Mr. de Tunzelman that Marx "put
the 3s. In himself" ln the example
read out from "Capital." However; let
us go Into the details.
With a day's wages you can obtain, generally, the food, clothing and
shelter necessary to keep you for a
day. This does not take a day to produce, but something less than a day.
By his ownership of the means of
life the capitalist is able to dictate
terms of employment to you, and you
tions. They were Influenced altogether by their surroundings. They were
feted. They, too, had all they desired.
Satisfaction produced a greater result
than any other condition could have
done. ,
Now, today, what do the working
class know of art? What part do they
take in the artistic work and even its
appreciation? The introduction of wage
slavery has obliterated all semblance
of the artistic from the mind of the
working class. Given a necessary enjoyment and leisure, the working class
could Introduce works as great, and
noble and inspiring as any that had ever been produced. The building of
the sky scrapers in New York, and its
hideous mongrelized ideas demonstrate
the sham and rotten basis on which
art stands today. Painters do not paint
because of its beauty, but because they
must sell their products to live. Sculpture ls not engaged upon.exceptlng by
those of the influential class. The
stone and necessary elements for the
same are a monopoly of the property
owning class. Latterly (within the
last 150 years) there have been very
few contributions to sculpture. Name
if you can, any great work in tbat art
during that period. Nearly all have
been but imitations (and bad ones at
that) of the great works of the past,
remnants of an age wherein material
conditions were more beneficial to
mankind. Here in this age, the age
of the artificial, the age of imitation,
the age of apish mimicry, there are
few men of the working class who
have tne leisure to produce arte. The
social conditions are against it. Tbe
slavery of the working class prohibits
it. The social environment has determined the subject. Landseer explored
to paint his animals so realistically.
Turner was a rustic to make his famous pictures. Lelghton's knowledge
owing to his good education, denied to
the workers today, caused him to create
such works that are known. G. F.
Watts had to have a good agricultural
environment to accomplish his works.
So with all painters.
The capitalist "system Is quelling the
high expressions, emotions, and artistic aspirations of the working class
which will return where economic servitude disappears. Art and literature
wlll go to a higher plane when members of the working class are to enjoy life and happiness and content at
home. If you are to have all that is
truly artistic and beautiful ln the way
of the Social products of Society;
If you are to have the liberty to practice and develop your faculties to the
highest, lt can only be obtained by
striving for the political power ln order to make you free. I see no other
means of obtaining it. The Socialist
Party of Canada is the party that
stands for It here. It is your duty then
to join after understanding what our
objects are with a view to overthrowing the system tbat deprives us all of
tbe full and real Intellectual satisfaction essential to the progress of society.
A. FARMILO,
Toronto.
PLATFORM
Socialist Patty of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and lo the producers lt should belong.
The present ecenemlc system Is based upon capitalist ownership of tbe
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong ta
the capitalist claas. The capitalist Is therefore master; the worker a
slave.
So long as the capitalist elass remains In possession of the relna ot
government all the powers of the State wlll be used to protect aad
defend their property rights ln the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to tbe capitallsf an ever-swelling
stream ef profits, snd to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The interest of* the working class lies ln the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, nnder which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point et preductien. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation ef capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective er werklng-class property. —
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the werker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure lt by
political action.   This Is tbe class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object ot conquering the
public powers for tbe purpoae of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of tbe working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property In the means ot wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) Into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when ln office shall always and everywhere
until tbe present system Is abolished, make the answer to this question
Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
of the working class and aid the workers ln their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if lt wlll not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed In Its bands in such a manner
aa to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
"M»,|
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