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Western Clarion Mar 4, 1911

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 10. 621.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, March 4, 1911.
SobocrlpUon Price
tax lut
ide-stepping Legislation That He Thinks Might Benefit the
Monday, Feb. 20, 2 P. M.
'Coal  Mines Regulation Act In com-
llttee again today.
The sitting was occupied in conBid
■atlon of amendments which had been
reviously submitted and postponed In
kier to give an opportunity for Mc-
fide and the Socialists to understand
\e effect of the  amendments Intro-
iced by either.
Clause 2. (Interpretation of terms.)
awthornthwaite moved to add the
illowlng: "Working face" shall mean
ly portion ot a coal seam In any mine
•om which coal Ib being cut, removed,
learer, broken or loosened." The.
mendment carried.
Hawthornthwaite then moved to
lsert the words "or remove same from
ie working face" after the word "ma-
ilnery," where it occurs in the sub-
jctlon defining the meaning of coal-
McBride repeated his argument of
ie previous occasion, when the
mendment was first Introduced, that
, would prevent anyone from learning
) dig coal,
' Hawthornthwaite said that McBride
Id not grasp the meaning of the
mendment. It would hav«> no Buch
(feet, lt would prevent the employ-
jent of Orientals at the face, the real
anger point, where gas most fre-
uently occurred. Men were always
raveling back and forth In a mine, and
fhere Orientals were employed with
aked lights they constituted a danger,
'he amend men t would have a very
reat effect in preventing small explo-
lons, such as were caused by falls ot
Tbe amendment was defeated, end
lawthornthwnlte said he would move
. again on report.
Hawthornthwaite then moved to add
ie following as a new section and re-
umber the following sections:
4. No boy or person under the age of
8 years shall be employed in any place
n which inflammable gas has been
ound within the preceding twelve
He said the object of the amendment was to prevent the employment
If boys at the working face, they consulting a grave source of danger. A
'oy 14 years old was not a very wise
■arson, and he had no business there.
Vhen a small pocket of gas occurred
it the face an experienced miner could
ie trusted to Ore It, but a boy could
,ot The amendment would only apply
o "any place" where gas had been
ound; would not prohibit the employ-
nent of boys altogether.
McBride said he sympathised wllh
.lawthornthwnlte In his desire to pro-
ect. the boys, and boys should not be
tsked to go Into dangerous places, but
■onditlons were such that the custom
lad obtained of starting early in life
n the coal mining industry. The department took the view that to pro-
Hiblt the employment of persons under
18 In such places would have the effect
tt keeping them out of the mines in
B, C, arid work a great hardship. He
idmltted that at that immature age
they were apt to do many things a
man would not, and to that extent
were an element of risk. However, he
■aid he could not accept the amendment, but would be willing to discuss
it again on report
Hawthornthwaite Insisted tbat the
Premier still did not grasp the effect
of the amendment. It would only interfere with boys who were working at
the face. The working face was now
defined ln the act, and when that was
understood it must remove all objections.
McBride suggested that the amendment be submitted on report, to which
Hawthornthwaite demurred. Instead
he withdrew the amendment in order
to alter the wording, and bring lt In
when the committee sat again.
Clause 9. Hawthornthwaite moved
to strike out all the words after "gotten" tn the eleventh line, up to and including "him," In the fourth line. The
clause deals with payment by weight,
and the words to be struck out formed
part of a proviso that allowed the management and owner to come to an
agreement as to deductions in "respect
to any tubs, baskets, or hutches being
improperly filled in those cases where
they are filled by the getter of the coal
or his drawer, or by the person immediately employed by him." The amendment passed.
Clause 18. (Eight-hour day.) McBride moved to strike out the clause
and insert the following in lieu
"18. No person employed in or
about a mine shall remain underground
for the purpose of employment, or for
any other purpose except as hereinafter provided, for a longer period than
eight hours from bank to bank in any
one calendar day of 24 hours: Provided, however, that where more than
two shlftB are worked the onsetter, bot-
tomer, or eager, pumpmen, stablemen,
and engineers in charge of constantly
running machinery other than motors
and machinery directly used for the
mining, drilling or getting of coal at
the face, the flrebosa or the shiftboss
in charge of the mine or shift, may be
relieved at the place of duty; but in no
caBe shall such person or persons remain underground for a longer period
than eight hours and 30 minutes from
bank to bank in any one calendar day
of 24 hours; and further piovided that
nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit extra hours of employment underground necessitated by
a weekly change of shift where more
than two shifts are worked as aforesaid :
"Provided, always, that nothing in
this Bection contained shall apply
whoie nny miner, mine laborer, or underground worker has been employed
or detained underground for a longer
period than eight hours from bank to
bank in any 24 hours owing to the occurrence of an accident ln the mine,
or ln endeavoring to save or protect
human life, er owing to such accident
to save property, nor prohibit the manager or overman from entering a mine
at any time and remaining therein In
the necessary discharge of his duties.
"No contravention of the foregoing
provisions shall be deemed to take
place In case any workman who is underground for the purpose of rendering
assistance In the event of accident, or
for meeting any danger, or for dealing
with any emergency or exceptional
work which requires to be dealt with
without Interruption In order to avoid
serious interference with ordinary
work In the mine.
' 'Twenty-four hours' for the purpose
of this section shall mean from mid
night to midnight.
"Any person who pays or receives
payment for work (other than the
hereinbefore excepted work) performed ln excess of eight hours in 24
hours shall be guilty of an offence
against this Act; and for the purpose
of this section an Inspector shall have
access at all reasonable times to the
time-book or other record of persons
"Every person who fails to comply
with the provisions of this section shall
be guilty of an offence against this
The portion in heavy type is where
the new clause differed from that ln
the bill as it was introduced.
McBride said that lt had been found
Impossible to obey the law in changing shifts whore, machinemen, etc.,
had to be relieved. The clause would
give them a little more time to go in
and out of the mine, but not so as
to exceed eight and one-half hours. In
Alberta they were allowed nine and
one-half hours, but the objection to
that was taken from a practical working standpoint. At present the operators found lt Impossible to obey the
letter of the law.
Hawthornthwaite said that very
many changes were made by the new
bill, and the Socialist party would
have been very well satisfied if tha old
act had not been touched at all. Under
any circumstances the act as it stood
met with the approval of a large majority of the miners, and all that was
wanted was enforcement by efficient
inspection. The process of crowding
up the statute book with amendments
made lt impossible to keep track of
the changes. The eight-hour day as lt
was was quite satisfactory to the miners. It took time to establish a law
of that nature. Discretion was allowed
the inspector, and it was fairly well
carried out, outside of Ladysmith, and
the Socialist party looked upon any
radical amendment as dangerous. The
new amendment by McBride endorsed
the principle of three shifts in mines.
That was what he wished to draw attention to in the new section. The coal
miners of B. C. did not want three
shifts. Most of the mines are large
enough to employ any number of men,
and no advantage accrued ln the extra
shift. The mines must have a chance
to cool off. The Socialists did not desire to see any facilities granted ln the
act to certain operators.
McBride was understood to say that
he would meet the objections at the
report stage.
Hawthornthwaite expressed his appreciation and said he would hold the
Premier to that promise. He wished
to draw attention to other language
in the amendment, viz.: "Owing to the
occurrence of an accident." The Premier did not appreciate what it meant.
The wording was very ambiguous indeed. If the amendment passed, from
the mintres' standpoint the eight-hour
law would be worthless.
McBride suggested the amendment
be passed and reconsidered on report.
Hawthornthwaite asBented, and the
amendment was put and carried, the
Socialists voting against it.
Clause 28 (2) was amended by Hawthornthwaite as follows:
To Btrike put the word "and" where
it occurs ln the second line and add the
words "flrebosa or flrebosses, and shot-
lighter or shotlighters" afler the word
"shiftbosseB" in the second line.
This amendment adds to those who
are to have daily charge of the underground workings.
He also tried to amend sub-section
3 as follows:
To strike out the word "and" where
It occurs in the flrst line of said subsection, and after the word "overman"
in said first line insert the words "fire-
boss, shiftboBs and shotllghter."
This would make it read: "For the
purpose of this section the manager,
flrebosa, shiftboss and shotllghter shall
be separate persons."
McBride would not accept lt. It
would work a hardship ln small mines
vhere the owner could fill these positions.
The amendment was defeated.
Clause 54 (Meetings of coalmlners
to elect examiners,) Hawthornthwaite
moved to Btrike out the words provided such meetings do not interfere
with the working of the mine." He
said that if the amendment was not
accepted the clause would be practically valueless.
McBride replied that it was not to
be expected that the meetings would
interfere seriously with the operation
of the mine, but the meetings could be
so arranged as to be expensive to the
operators. The U. M. W. had expressed their approval of the clause,
when they had discussed the matter
with the- inspector.
Hawthornthwaite said he did not
wish to take a fall out of the U. M. W.,
but they had no business in matters of
which they could know nothing. They
had nothing to do with camps that
were not organized, poking their nose
into business they knew nothing about.
The amendment was defeated, and
Hawthornthwaite Bald he would submit it on report.
Members present and voting were:
Hawthornthwaite and Williams —
Ayes, 2.
Noes—Manson (Comox), Manson
(Skeena), Tlsdall, Miller, McBride,
McPhlllips, Cotton, Shatford, Behnsen, Hayward, MeGuire, Davey; 12.
Clause 59 (3). (Scene of accident in
mine to remain undisturbed for three
days, or until Inspected, provided it
does not interfere with the operation of
the mine.) Hawthornthwaite amended
by inserting the word "general" before "operation."
Clause 65. (Contains provision that
the pianB of abandoned mines cannot
be seen by any one other than chief
inspector until after 10 years.) Hawthornthwaite moved to strike out the
above proviso, in lines 10-13 of the
McBride. repeated the arguments
used on the previous occasion, that It
(Continued on Page 3)
I met him the other evening. He
has a "rarnch," to distinguish him from
the common herd around whose
places are Blmply "ranch." The
"rarnch" was mostly scenery — rock
and water frontage. He was undersized, fair headed, wore a check cloth
cap and leggings (yellow). The walls
of the "rarnch" house were adorned
with mnny "spoils of the chase"—Including some coyote skins and a badly
mounted Carriboo head. Also on the
wall were several pictures of hla "arn-
ceBtors." He lived, I found, mostly ln
the "glorious past." The noble family
to which he belonged was unfoortun-
ately about on its laBt legs. They
were the ancient house of Fitz Punk—
Not the Yorkshire Fitz Punk's, you
know, but the elder branch—the Fitz
Punks of Punkington or Muddllngton
cum Slush in Surrey you know!"
He was rather reserved at first, but
on finding that I was no less than the
only surviving representative of the
O'Hibernicus, Ancient Lords of
Killa-ma-Slaughter he became quite
confidential and gave me hlB family
history from about 1000 B. A. (B. A.
means before Adam) to his illustrious
self. Also he produced Borne whiskey
—"not like the Scotch, by George, but
Its all I have Just now."
His "arncestors" had been, It appears, about every kind of knightly
chicken thief, bishop and courtier possible. "This," he said, pointing with
great pride," ls my famous "arncestor"
Sir Eatemalive Fitz Punk. He
fought ln France, you know. "He was
a great warrior by jove." I looked
with some respect at the print of Sir
Eatem—a burly, beefy old guy with a
hard face and a big axe, who really
did look as if he could have made
things pretty Interesting ln a hand to
hand argument, "Ah," I Bald, "And
this is the Sir Eatem—the great Sir
Sir Eatem. "Why!" old man, "I've often
heard of him. He's mentioned in history, you know. ■ He was the heavyweight battle-axe champion of his
day." My host looked blank for a bit.
He didn't quite know what to make of
'heavy  weight battle-axe  champion."
The next on the lint to Eatem was
a church dignatory—Bishop Burnem'
Fitz Punk—a foxy looking Individual
with a sanctimonious air, a long pointed beard, and a Illble. Burnem's long
suit, from my host's description, was
the saving of the "ungodly". His
method was to give sinners a choice
between salvation and cinders. He
was successful—which Ib not to be
wondered at.
There were many other famous
characters in the house of Fitz Punk,
but I forget them. We were not nearly
through when the whiskey gave out
and I decided to quit
My host saw me to the door with
ceremony. For a descendant of many
gallant knights" he carried his whiskey "none to well." He was sorry to
see me go. "I wlll be awfully glad to
to see you again, you know," he said.
"Your visit has cheered me up you
know. I don't go out much because
to tell the truth, you know there's
hardly anyone ln my "klarse" round
here you know." I answered him I
would call again—and I will if ever the
chance comes.
Riding home I mused on human nature. That night I had a bad time. I
dreamed that I was defending a red
flag against a deadly assault by Sir
Eatem and that I was captured and
got into the hands of Barnem who
gave me five minutes to renounce Joe
Dletzgen's Materialist Philosophy or
burn. It must have been a vivid dream
alright because the comrade ln whose
house I was stopping got up and
knocked at the door and asked me if
anything was the matter.
Socialism Thrives Among the Tillers of the Soil. Comrades
Regina is described in immigration
literature as the "Queen City of the
When you are a resident of the capital of the Province of Saskatchewan,
you wonder how lt got its cognomen,
because there is nothing royal in Its
appearance. A wit once described the
late Queen Victoria as a lady whom
nature designed for the washtub and
fortune put upon a throne. Reglna
might be described as a place that nature designed for a wilderness and fortune made into a city.
On a bitterly cold day, about 20 below, with a wind blowing in our faces,
my husband summed it up as "Hell
with the fire out," and I said amen.
The city generally, sanitary arrangements and all, is just about what the
wage slave deserves. That is saying a
good deal, but I wish the anti-Socialist no worse fate than to live in Regina for two winters. He will, at the
expiration of that time, look upon an
invitation from his Satanic majesty to
join him in the lowest depths of the
infernal regions as a consummation
devoutly to be wished.
The comrades who keep the flag flying In this benighted region are entitled to our sympathy and respect. No
Socialist who has spent any time
amongst them can deny either their
ability or their courage.. They have
their fingers and their noses in every
local event of political Interest, and
lose no chance to do effective propaganda work. The local press Ib oflen
painfully compelled to acknowledge
their existence because a paper known
as "Labor's Realm" is distributed
from house to house once a month; a
paper which contains more Socialism
than anything else. Comrade W.
Cocks Is the editor, and that accounts
for the milk in the cocoanut.
At a recent meeting of the trades
council, one trade unionist pathetically
remarked, "I don't care about you putting a little Socialism in our paper, but
give us just one page at lenst for
trades unionism."
The Reglna boys are a cedlt to the
movement. They are doing a great
work, but lt is unseen because most ot
those they teach are only temporary
residents in the city. But many men
cadlng literature on lonely homesteads
are grateful to tho Reglna Comnulea
for showing them the light. Only those
who have experienced it, know whnt it
means to stand up for the movement
ln a place where every agitator ls boycotted and starved out wherever possible. This Is practically what it meant
to be a Socialist ln "the Queen City of
tho West"
North Battleford has grown like a
mushroom, and looks like one In a
state of decay. My fellow slave, whose
slave 1 am "or supposed to be," summed lt up as an empty hat-box, burst
and thrown outside. It is a miserable
looking hole Inside and out, and lhe
more you get to know It the worse It
looks and feels. The Comrades of this
Local live mostly out of town. The
Budden brothers live three mileB out.
A strong Roman Catholic sentiment
operates ln the neighborhood, and they
are hard to deal with, who are under
Its Influence. They never yield any oil
for the wheels of evolution.
The boys here are mostly farmers,
and are active and strong. Forrest
Hall, or Fennell Hall, Is about 10 miles
from Battleford, and the two Locate
work together. The Budden boys have
developed a great faculty for sarcasm.
This is carried to such a pitch that
even my angelic temper was In dnnger
of running over when first I made their
acquaintance. They aro good company
when you understand them, being good
mimics. The way they imitate the
mannerisms of Cribble and O'Brien Is
a treat. We found thorn to be exceptionally well grounded. This ls owing
to the three Socialist brothers living
together and thrashing points out between them.
The Comrades, taken altogether, ln
t* is part are a revolutionary bunch.
The wives of the farmers come mostly
from the cities, and are well acquainted with conditions through actual contact and experience. They take a deep
interest in the movement, and those
who have husbands or brothers connected with the Party read the Clarion and discuss tbe articles contained
therein ln a manner that denotes a
knowledge of what they are talking
The farmer ls perhaps more independent in his thinking than the city
worker. He is not always under the
eye of the boss; he generally has a
vote; he understands business to some
extent; he comes in contact with
banks, mortgage companies, etc., rather more than he likes sometimes, perhaps. But this makes him acquainted
with their workings. An economic lecture is not alwayB dry to him. It he
puts all the hours in he can be generally does better than it he takes it
easy. That is to say, he always has a
steady job; he does not have to bunt
for one, and although sometimes he
loses his wages, sometimes he is as
fortunate as a slave can expect to be
under this system. Capitalism is beginning to squeeze him, however, and
his chances of winning a decent existence get more and more remote, as
time goes on. He Is doomed because
he is unable to own tbe social machinery necessary to the production of
agricultural products. He is compelled
to see that we have social production
today, and that he is an out of date
cog In the social machine. He is driven
to light for the working cIsbb ownership of the means of production as
others are, through sheer necessity.
My husband has addressed meetings
at Dundurn and other places ln the
district, and ls delighted and encouraged with the results. We want to
get in touch with all the Comrades ln
the province, and are making dally
progress towards that end. Local Menzles, New Finland and Moose Jaw, note
and wake up. Bunches of Comrades
are located ln Eyebrow, Swift Current, and a dozen other places. A determined effort is being made by the
organized Reds to bring the others Into iine. Many good speakers are located in the province, and are resting through lnck of employment. They
may soon have their hands full. Many
farmers' wives are already singing
th'-lr babies to sleep to the tune of
ihe "Red Flng" and cows are being
milked to the song of the "Marseillaise." More time and thought will
have to be spent by the Comrades
upon the farming proposition than has
been the caso In the past Without
the farmer! we can do nothing. -With
them we nre Invincible. The sooner
the farmers aro taught the fact that
their lot In life Is bound up with the
wage sluve, the sooner shall wo all be
Printing    $188.00
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Editing     25.00
Totnl    $220.40
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Deficit        29.90
All locals between and Including Fernle, B. C, and Lethbridge, Alberta.,
wishing to see arran«emonts made for,
and to take part ln, a big demonstration of our party in the Crow's Nest
Pass on May 1st, International Labor
day, should at once communicate their
Ideas on the subject to tho undersigned, so that wo can get together and
start the ball a-rolling.
A. S. JULIAN. Sec,
Mlohel Looal No. 16, Two
SATURDAY,  MARCH   4,. 1911.
Published every Saturday hy the
•ocUlist Party ot Canada, at the Office
»f the Western Clarion, Flack Black
Basement, 166 Hastings Street, Vancouver. B. C.
fl.OO For Year, 60 cent* for Six Months,
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Btrlotly in Advance.
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■o» 1888 Taacouver, B. O.
Watch the label on your paper. If this number ts on It,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
SATURDAY,   MARCH   4,   1911.
i   Somebody, improving i.u the "Sage
;of Chelsea," has opined that the most
marked   feature   which   has   distinguished man from other brutes is that
ihe is a tool-making animal.   It might
'be added, as another tribute to his intelligence, that he is also a toy-making
;animal.   Not only does he thus amuse
'his progeny, but also himself and, not
Infrequently, others.
i    In this respect his  imagination  ls
most fertile;  indeed, in all respects,
his Imagination has always been rather
more tn evidence than his observation.
Anyway, to the making of toys  for
the young there ls no end, and the ado-
: lescent are not without theirs. Of these
; the one that has recently been called
•' to our attention is the initiative and
. referendum.    We might remark that
■j its career should be of some interest
: to the juvenescent of all ageB  who
love to indulge in the innocent if aimless  pastime of attaining something
We do not remember who devised
this Siamese twin; in fact, to be hon-
eBt, we never knew, but subsequent to
Its appearance it was adopted euthus
i iastically by all good Social-Democrats
' as something, if not quite social, at
least    thoroughly    democratic.     And
; even, striving as they did after consistency as well as Social-Democracy,
1 they embodied it in their party constitutions and made noble efforts to live
up to the noble Ideal with the aid of a
mimeograph or two.
We shall always recollect our first
encounter therewith. In our unregen-
erate days we were lonesomely "doing
the pivot act on the main stem" in Helena, Montana, and observed a crowd
around a speaker on a chair. We hazarded a guess that he was either
French or German, and were quite
right in either case, as he proved to be
Swiss. He was enlarging on the virtues of the initiative and referendum,
which he thoughtfully explained to ub
in detail. We gathered that if the legislators didn't give the people what
■they wanted, the people could initiate
legislation and have it put to a referendum vote of the whole people, and
so get whatever they wanted. They
had it ln Switzerland, he said, arid lt
worked fine. We wondered, if it
worked so well in Switzerland, where
they had it, why he had come to Mon
tana, where they had nothing but a
choice between Heinze and Clark. We
Innocently inquired of an applausive
neighbor what it was all about. "Socialism," he replied indignantly, as If
we ought to liave known. However,
we couldn't Bee much ln It. Later wc
heard of a referendum carried ln Colorado for an eight-hour duy, which was
cheerfully Ignored by the powers that
were, and lt was not reported that the
sky fell in on them.
Latterly the Initiative and referendum has fallen somewhat Into disrepute among Social-Democrats as a
sovereign remedy for all the ills that
afflict the body politic, for mere Democrats favor it and even Insurgent Republicans and, unkindcst cut of all, lt
has been officially announced on the
highest authority that the referendum
is henceforth the fixed policy of no
other than the hide-bound British Tories.
AIbo in some states it bus been ln
actual practice so long as to have
fallen into disuse; and yet tbose there
whose hearts yearn for "something
now" do not seeih to have gotten anything yet.
The moral Is lhat, If you don't know
what you want, there is no way you
can get It, but when you do know what
you want, you'll get it any old way.
We solid, the business of Manufacturers.
Kngineem and others who realize the advisability of hariug their Patent business transacted
by Kxocitg. Preliminary advice free. Charges
modetatr. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
1 equest. Marlon ft Marlon, New York 1,1 fc Bldg.
Monacal: i-ud Washington. IVC, U.S.A.
It has recently been our. pleasure to
observe the legislative machinery of
British Columbia in motion. We state
this with some pride, as it is'not everybody who could detect the motion. '
The Conservative governing body of
this province presents an interesting
study in hibernation. It is made up
of a number ot male persons who are
honorable. There can be no doubt of
this, as the premier has referred to
them as such on several occasions,
and not one of them has ever denied
It. It puzzled us considerably for a
time how they managed to vote at the
right time and In the right place,
while apparently totally oblivious to
their surroundings. This was, however, made clear. By a system of signals appealing to the eye and the ear,
such as are often used in the training
of animals, the honorable members
are apprised of the proper time to
display a democratic spirit and after
that, of course, it is only necessary^
to keep one somnolent optic on Mr.
McBride. The unerring precision with
which the bar can be located Is somewhat peculiar and can only be explained by ascribing lt to Instinct.
But it must not be supposed that
this pool of Inane placidity is never
wrinkled by the breath of Conservative oratory. Two members, to our
certain knowledge, have made speeches. We know they were speeches because the papers said so next day.
There was the member for Similka-
meen, who arose to disturb the sweet
serenity of his colleagues with much
hurling of words and many gestures
proud as his rotundity would allow. He poured a good deal of water
Into his interior, which immediately
generated terrific spasms of articulation. We do not remember what he
said except to express himself as quite
confident that the earth would be in no
danger of colliding with another planet as long as McBride and himself
were on deck, or words to that effect.
Were it not for a certain element of
discord, playing parliament at Victoria would be a splendid game. All a
private member would have to do
would be to sign the pay-roll, learn a
few phrases out of a book on oratory,
then return to Impress the sovereign
people with his importance. The note
that jars is the activity of a small but
virile opposition.
Comrades Hawthornthwaite and
Williams give that parliament the only
excuse it has for opening at all. lt
is no exaggeration to say that they
are the only members, outside of McBride and Bowser, who have any
grasp of the vital issues affecting society. The others merely constitute
an inert mass, handled at will by those
on the inside.
Seeing two men, representing a class
which has for ages suffered all the indignities of slavery, endeavoring to
reason with a mental quagmire, being
all that a master class can produce,
one is r/erhaps Inclined to speak
strongly. Ab things are at present,
however, If the Socialists were not
there, most of the bunch might just as
well stay at home for all the good they
are in assisting legislation.
Is the parliamentary game of any
use? Undoubtedly. If it did nothing
else than contrast working class education with bourgeois stolidity and
self-satisfaction, it would have accomplished something. If those working
men who have placed their trust in
a McBride, a Ross or a Bowser, could
all see these gentlemen, seeking constantly to do the bidding ot capital,
yet squirming beneath the searching
criticism of the Socialists, with inherent commercial sycophancy, not
daring to come out on a straight class
basis, they would receive a disillusionment that would bode ill for the mas-
ever renewed satisfaction, the catalog
of. all possible commodities which'at
one time or another have played tbe
part of equivalent. He has not the
least suspicion that the most simple
expression Sf value, such as 20 yards
of linen equals 1 coat, already propounds the riddle of the equivalent
form for our solution.
The body of the commodity that
serves as the equivalent, figures aB the
materialism of human labor in the ab-
s'ract and ls at the same time the
product of some specifically useful
concrete labor. This concrete labor
becomes, tnerefore, the medium for expressing abstract human labor.
If on the one hand the edat ranks as
nothing but the embodiment of abstract human labor, so, on the other
hand, the tailoring which Ib actually
embodied in it, counts as nothing but
the form under which that abstract
labor is realized.'
In the expression of value of the
linen, the utility of the tailoring consists, not in making clothes, but in
making an object which we at once
recognize to be value, and therefore
to be a congelation of labor, but of
labor Indistinguishable from that realized in the value of the linen.
In order to act as such a mirror, of
value, the labor of tailoring must reflect nothing besides its own abstract
quality of being human labor generally.
In tailoring, as well as In weaving,
human labor-power is expended. Both,
therefore, possess the general property
of being human labor, and may, therefore, In certain cases, such as in the
production of value, have to be considered under this aspect alone.
There is nothing mysterious in thiB.
But in the expression of value there
is a complete turn of the tables. For
Instance, how is the fact to be express,
ed that weaving creates the value of
the linen, not by virtue of being weaving, as such, but by reason of its general property of being human labor?
Simply by opposing to weaving that
other particular form of concrete labor
(In this instance tailoring), which pro-
duces the equivalent of the product
of weaving.
Just as the coat in Its bodily form
became a direct expression of value,
so now does tailoring, a concrete form
of labor, appear as the direct and palpable embodiment of human labor
' Hence, the second peculiarity of the
equivalent form, is, that concrete labor
becomes the form under which Its opposite, abstract human labor manifests
But because this concrete labor, tailoring in our case, ranks as, and is
directly Identified with, undifferentiated human labor, It also ranks as
identical with any other sort of labor,
There was, however, an Important-
fact which prevented Aristotle from
seeing: tbat, to. attribute value to commodities ls merely a mode of expres-s
lng all labor as equal human labor, and
consequently as labor of equal quality.
Greek society was founded upon Slav,
ery, and had, therefore, for its natural
basis the inequality of men and their
labor powers.
The secrets of the expression of
value, namely, that all kinds of labor
were equal and equivalent, because,
and so far as they are human labor in
general, cannot be disciplined, until the
notion of human equality has already
acquired the fixity of a popular prejudice. This, however, Is possible only
in a society in which the great mass of
the produce of labor takes the form of
commodities, in which, consequently,
the dominant relation between man
and man is that of owners of commodities. The brilliancy of Aristotle s
genius is shown by this alone, that he
discovered, tn the expreslon of the
values of commodities, a relation of
The peculiar conditions of the society in which he lived alone prevented
htm from discovering what, "in truth,"
was at the bottom of this equality.
(Continued next week.)
Socialist Directory
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card under this
head. $1.00 ner month. Secretaries
please note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 1688, Vancouver,  B,  C. ,
LOCAI.   VANCOUVEB,   B.  0.,  VO.  1.—'
Canada.      Business    meetings    every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 2237
Westminster Ave.
F. Perry. Secretary, Box 1888.	
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. Q. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofllce. Secretary wlll be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
LOOAL  VBBNON  B.  O.,  Vo.  38,  B.
of. 0. Meets every Tuesday, 8 p. ...
sharp, at L. O. L, Hall, Tronson St
W.  H, Qllmore, Secretary.
Committee: Notioe—This card Is
Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any information, write the
secretary, W. H, Stebblngs. Address,
316 Good street, Winnipeg.
LOCAL VICTORIA, VO. 8,  .S. P. 0°T ..
Headquarters and Reading Room I
6l'S Johnston St. Opposite Queens Ho-I
tel. Business meeting every Tuesda*l
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meetlngsl
every Sunday at Grand Theatre. 1
T. Gray. Secretary.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     VO.     ._
Miners' Hall and Opera House—PropaH
ganda meetings at 8 p. m. on the flrsfl
nnd third Sundays of the month. Bust]
ness meetings on Thursday evening*!
following propaganda meetings at 8j
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Altai
secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box 63f
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may recelyl
information any day at Miners' He
from Com. W. Graham, secretary
U. M. W. of A.
Discussion of Extract from "Capital"
—Clarion, February 21st, 1911.
Linen, by finding the expression of
Its value in a coat, Imposes upon the
coat the equivalent form of value, ami
In this relationship with the coat, linen
is shown in Its character of value.
But although the commodity coat in
here the equivalent of the commodity
linen, it is not clearly shown in what
proportion they exchange..
ln the equation of value, when the
coat takes the form of equivalent, the
magnitude of its value finds no expression; the coat merely represents a definite quantity of linen.
Therefore, although the coat expresses the Value of the linen, it doej
not express its own value.
In the equivalent form, value is manifested in use—value.
In our Equation—20 yards of linen
equals one coat—we see that value is
outlined in the bodily form of a coat.
But only in its relation as equivalent
of 20 yards of linen or a definite quantity of some other commodity in a sim.
liar relation does the use-value coat
embody the form of value.
A commodity cannot express its own
value—that    is,    as    linen    becomes | LOCAL nelson
equalled to Itself, it finds in a coat the
expression of its value.
If, in order to find the weight of a
sugar-loaf, we relate it with iron, we
shall flnd that the weight of a loaf of
LOCAL   PERNIO,   8.   P.   of   C.   HOLDS
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernie, every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business
meeting first Sunday ln each month,
same place at 2:30 p. m.
David Paton, Secy., Box 101.
LOOAL   OBEENWOOD,   B.   C,   VO.   9,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood,
Visiting comrades invited to call. C.
G. Johnson, Secretary.
LOCAL   LADYSMITH  NO.   10,  S.  P.   al
C. Business meetings every Saturda\
7 p.m. in headquarters on First Ave
J. H. Burrough, Box 31, Ladysmlth.
B. c.
of  C     Meetings   every   Sunday   at
p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Blocl
Eighth Ave. E. (near postoifice).   Clif
and   Heading  Room.    Labor Hall,
Machin, Secretary.    Box 647, A. Ma
donald,   Organizer.   Box   647.
P. of O.    Hoarquarters 622 First Si
Business   and   propaganda     meetlnf
every   Thursday   at   7:30   p.m.   shaifa
Our Reading Hoom is open to the pufl
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dal*P
Secretary, A. Farmilo,  G22 First
Orgnnlzer, W. Stephenson.
8. P. of C—Meets 1st and 3rd sJ
day In the month, at 4 p.m. \
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chi
Peacock, Box 1983.
LOOAL  MICHEL,   B.   C,   VO.   16,   8.   P.
OP C, holds pi-opaganda meetings
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p. in.
In Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation
Is extended to all wage slaves within
reach of us to uttend our meeting-.
Business meetings are held the first
and third Sundays of each month at
111:30 a. in. in the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian.
every Sunday at 7:30 p.m., in Trad"
Hall,   Scarth   Street.     Business   me*
Ings  2nd  and   4th  Fridays  at  8  pm—
Trades   Hail.    Secretary   B.   Slmmofl
Box  1046. ■
OP   C,   headquarters   No.   10   Natn
Block, Rosser Ave.    Propaganda met
ing. Sunday ut S p. m.l bu dne.ss nie-k
Ing, second und fourth Mondays atfl
p.   m.;   economic class,  Sundays  air
p.  ni.:  speakers'  class,  Wednesday J
S   p.   m.;   algebra  class,   Friday   atl
p.   in.;  debating  class,  first and  thll
Mondays at 8 p. ni.   D. France, Orgef
Izer, 1126 Victoria Ave. j
LOCAL MABA, B. C, NO. 34, 8. P. Of C,
Meets first Sunday In every month In
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Rose man,  Recording  Secretary.
I sugar is a certain quantity of Iron, be
and therefore with that embodied in]caU8e m thjs ^Iationj iron ,s (he cm.
bodlment of weight; weight manifests
itself in iron.
Therefore, in this relation, iron represents weight alone, as the coat in its
relation of equivalent of the linen represents value alone.
We are cautioned that the analogy
Consequently,    although,    like    all
other commodity-producing labor, it is
the labor of private individuals, yet, at '
the same time, it ranks #k labor directly social in its character.
This is the reason why It results ln
a product directly exchangeable with
other commodities. *g	
We have then a third peculiarity of
the equivalent form, namely, that the
labor of private individuals takes the
form of its opposite, labor directly social in its form.
The two latter peculiarities of the
equivalent form will become more intelligible if we go back to the great
thinker who was the flrst to analyse
so many forms, wnether of thought, society, or nature, and amongst them
also the form of value. 1 mean ArlB-
In the flrst place, he clearly enunciates that the money form of commodities is only the further development
of the simple form of value—I.e., of
the expression of the value of one com- '
j between iron as the embodiment of
! weight, and the coat as the form of
I value, falls down at this point, because
| weight ls a natural property and value
is a social relation.
Secy. Press Com.
(Class meets each Sunday at 3:30
P. m.)
Meeting held Feb. 27, 1911.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Greenwood, South Wellington,
Nanaimo, Burnaby, New Westminster,
Fernle, Mara, Malakwa, and Organizer
Vancouver Economic Class
8lnce the relative forms of value of
a commodity—the linen, for example—
expresses the value of that commodity,
as being something wholly different
from Its substances and properties, as
being, for instance, coat-like, we see
that this expression itself Indicates
that some social relation lies at the
bottom of it.
With the equivalent form it Is Just
the contrary. The very essence of this
form Is the material commodity itself
—the coat—just as it Is, expresses
value, and ls endowed with the form
of value by Nature Itself.
Of course tbis holds good only so
long as the value relation exists, in
which the coat stands in the position
of equivalent to the linen.
Since, however, the properties of a
thing are not the result of Its relations
to other things, but only manifest
themselves in such relations, the coat
seems to be endowed with its equivalent form, Its property of being directly exchangeable, just as much by nature as It is endowed with the property
of being heavy, or the capacity to keep
us warm.
Hence the enigmatical cnaracter of
the equivalent form which escapes the
notice of the bourgeois political economist, until this form, completely developed, confronts him in the shape of
He then seeks to explain away the
mystical character of gold and sliver,
by substituting for them less dazzling
commodities, and    by    reciting, with
the expression oi tne vuiue ui unc wu*-
modity In some other commodity taken jDeBmontl
«t random;   for he Bays:- j    Secretary instructed to communicate
Five beds equals one house ls not to |"^Jh °om- J' D- Houston re organizing
be distinguished from Ave beds equals
so much money.
He further sees that the value relation which gives rise to this expression makes It necessary that the house
should qualitatively be made the equal
of the bed, and that, without such an
equalization, these two clearly different
tour In B. Cj
Local Vancouver    $20.00
Local Fernle     5.00
Local Greenwood   5.00
Local Mara     5.00
Local Malakwa   2.00
i Local Nanalmo     10.50
...                                                                 [Local New Westminster    5.00
things  could  not  be  compared  with j           Bu              2 fl0
each other as commensurable qualities. , 	
Exchange," he says, "cannot take
place without equality, and equality
not without corrimensurability."
Here, however, he comes to a stop,
and gives up the further analysis of
the form of value. "It is, however, in
reality, impossible that such unlike
thlngB can be commensurable"—1. e.,
qualitatively equal.
Such an equalization can only be
something foreign to their real nature,
consequently only a "makeshift" for
practical purposes."
Aristotle, therefore, himself tells ns
what barred the way to his further
analysis; it was the absence of any
concept of value.
What Is that equal something, that
common substance, which admits of
the value of the house being expressed
by a house?
Such a thing, in truth, cannot, exist,
Bays Aristotle.
And why not? Compared with the
beds, the house does represent something equal to them, insofar as it represents what ls really equal, both ln
the beds and the house, and that is—
human labor.
Total    $54.50
Warrants authorized for .Clarion
February card, $1.00; Okanagan Organizing Committee, $30.00; Secretaries' February salaries, $30.00.
The following want The Clarion to
aS8i8t:                                        -a«S^
J. Watson, Winnipeg     3
C. T.  Wood, Olds, Alta     3
"Smith,"  Vancouver        2
Gordon  Brown,  Victoria     2
A.   Henry,   Brandon     2
Lee Wilson, Barons, Alta     2
Walter E. Hadden, Grand Forks.. 2
J. Harrington, Taber, Alta.; James
Glendinning, Coleman, Alta.; C. McMahon Smith, Brooklyn, N. X; Lewis
Davidson, Santa Barbara, Cal.; Thos.
Foulston, Eyebrow, Sask.; E. Weston,
Calgary, Alta.; R. McKay, Merritt, B.
C.J JaB. Fisher, So. Vancouver; Geo.
Heatherton, Greenwood, B. C; D. McDougall, T. H. Elliott, D. Galloway, D.
Forrest, JaB. G. Clark, J. Harrison,
City; G. A. Gribble, Edmonton, Alta.;
Local New Westminster, bundle; Local Edmonton, bundle.
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. in McGregoi
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts.
LOCAL  VAVAIMO,   VO.  8,  8.  P.  of   C.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
A    Jordan, Secy,   hox 410.
uwui   ««»*iaw«.,   8.   P.   Of   C-,   MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p. in., ii
Miners' Hall, Xelsim. B. C. I. A. Austin,  Sec'y.
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday in
hull in Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. m.   L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
LOCAL   REVELSTOKE,   B.   C,   VO.   7,
S, P. of c. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. T. S. Cassidy, Organizer; B. F, Gayman, Secretary.
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO. 25, 8. P. of O.,
meets in Miners' Hall every Sunday al
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P. O
Box 674, Hossland Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders* Hall, Sundays al
7:30 p.m. A. Sebbie, Secy., P. O. Box
54 Rossland.
headquarters and public reading room,
Show building, Hamilton street. Business meetings every Saturday night at
8 p. m. Nell McLean, secretary, John
Mclnnis. organizer. Comrades contemplating coming to Fort George are
earnestly requested to write for ■"*-
liable information.
Finnish.      Meets    every    second     and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 2237
^Westminster Avenue.      Secretary,    Wm.
of C. Headquarters, 628 1-2 Mi
Street, Room No. 2, next Dreamlaf
Theatre. Business meeting every
ternate Monday evening at 8 p.r_
propaganda meeting every Wednesdfl
at 8 p.m.; economic class every SuT
day nfternoon, 3 p.m. Organizer, HuA.
Luidlow, Room 2, 628 1-2 Main Strel
Secretary, J. W. Hillings, 270 YouT
Street. —
LOCAL     NO.     24,     TOBONTO,   ONTJ
Headquarters, -  10   and   12    Alice    *j
(near     Vonge).       Business     meetinta
etery 2nd and   Iih Wednesday; props
ganda   meetings   every   Sunday   at P
and   8   p. m.      By   arrangement ^w|
Toronto   University   popular   sclentfl
lectures every Monday at 8 p.m. duU
ing  the winter.    Address all  comml
ulcotions to Secretary, No. 10 and
Alice St.
LOCAL BRANTFORD, No. 18, 8. 9. of I
Meets ut headquarters, 13 George a
every Thursday and Sunday nigh I
Business and Speakers' Class on Thu*
day--;; Economic Class on SundaJ
Wage workers Invited. A. W. BakV
Secretary, 9 George St. W. Dave
port, Organizer,  141 Nelson St.
LOCAL   OTTAWA-   HO.   8,   8.   F.   of j
Business    meeting    1st    Sunday
month, and propaganda meetings ;
lowing Sundays  at 8  p.m.  In   Itobej
Allan  Hall,  78  Bideau -St.    John I.y*T
SecrLtfiry,4*j Centre Street
Committee, Socialist Party of CanaB
meets every second and fourth SundT
in the Cape Breton office of the Pari
Commercial   Street,   Glace  Bay,  N.
Dan    Cochrane,    Secretary,    Box    41
Glace Bay, N. S.
Business and Propaganda meet™
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Macdq
■aid's hall, Union Street. All are w'
come. Alfred Nash, Corresponding I
cretnry, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherla^
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. R-f
Financial Secretary, offlce ln D. <-,
Brodie Printing Co. building, Uni
Annexation is the most important
question before the workers today—
annexation of the earth. It is a little
hard for some of them to grasp, buf
they are beginning to rise to the occasion.
To Canadian  Socialists
On account of Increased postal
rates we nre obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review In Canada
$1.20 a year instead of $1.00. We
can, however, make the following
special  offers:
For |3.00 we will mall three
copies of the Review to one Cana
dian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mail ten
copies of any one Issue.
For $3.00 we will mall the  Review   one   year   and   the   Chicago
Daily Socialist for one year.
134 West Kinzie St., Chicago.
305 Cambie Street
The best of everything properly
Chas. Molcahey, Prop.
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    15c
Life of Jesus, Kenan   ISc
Age of Reason, l'aine    He
Merrie England    lie
Ingersoll's Lectures, 1st, 2nd      i
snd 3rd series  each IfC
Origin of Species, Darwin  15c
Evolution of the Idea of God,       1
Grant Allen  Ik'
Postage prepaid o i books
The People'!
152 Cordova
cpaiu u 1 UUUKtf
e's Book Store
dova St. W.
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
New  Westminster  Land  District.    Dli
trict of New Westminster.
Take notice that Frederick Blumberi
of Vancouver, occupation engineer, \i
tends to apply for permission to leaf
Hie following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted near tl
southwest corner of Lot 26; thence soul
40 eh ni us; thence east 60 chains mo:
or less to the foreshore; thence in
northwesterly direction to the southea
corner of Lot U6; thence west 40 chain
to point of commencement.
DAVID R. RYAN, Agent.    "
Fob. 24th, 1911.
aFST IN B.c. C\<*1±K* -
. Three
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G  McKenzie, Sec., Box   1688, Vancouver, B. C.
Meeting held February 27th, 1911.
■ - Present—Comrades  Karme   (chairman), Klngsley, Mengel, Morgan, Peterson, Taylor, and the Secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Correspondence dealt with from
Manitoba and Alberta Executives; Locals St. John, N. B.; North Battleford;
New Finland Fennel Hall, and Menzles, Sask.; Brandon and Tamarisk,
Man.; Com. Farmilo, Edmonton; Organizer O'Brien and C. Lester.
Charters granted Locals Frank and
Green Valley, Alta. '
Organization of Saskatchewan Provincial Executive deferred until all
Saskatchewan Locals have been heard
Grant of $50.00 made to Saskatchewan organizing.
Secretary authorized to move to
more suitable headquarters.
Returns on proposition for Dominion
Convention being slow coming in, the
time for receipt of same was extended
to March 25th.   Locals, please note.
Alberta Executive  $37.00
Manitoba Executive    20.00
Local New Finland, Sask     2.00
Local Fennell Hsll, Sask     2.50
Local Menzles, Sask     1.00
Publishing  Fund. Greenwood... 10.00
Literature —Winnipeg,      $3.50;
Steelton, $1.00; Brandon, $1.00;
Gibson's Landing,  $1.00     6.50
Clarion Maintenance (B. L. J.).    1.00
Total    $80.00
Warrants authorized for Clarion
February card, $1.00; deficit, $29.90;
rent and light, $8.55; postage and expressing, $6.60; Secretaries' February
salaries, $30.00; printing membership
cards, $12.50; Saskatchewan Organizing,  $50.00.
Dear Comrades—I herewith submit
a report of the Manitoba Provincial Executive for the six monthB ending December 21st, 1910.
The movement In Manitoba is advancing, slowly lt Is true, but like the
avalanche, lt moves as conditions determine. Impatience is a characteristic of us all at times, and it would appear on the surface that because of
certain locals and branches dropping
away from the party and membership
in other locals diminishing, that retrogression had set in. The impossible
party in Manitoba ls still on deck and
doing business at the old stand. In
fact, we have no tangible evidence of
the existence of any other party,
Weakly Cotton's statement to the contrary notwithstanding. The last remnant of the reformers left us last
month (the Lettish branch, of Winnipeg, No. 1). Many of these comrades,
as well as the German comrades, are
obfuscated with the idea that their nationality is objectionable to the English-speaking comrades, and that (he
party as a whole ls unnecessarily dogmatic. Time alone wlll erase all petty
differences between sections of the
working class, and then we will know
the "joker" and be able to deal with
One new Local has been added since
the last report. "Tamarisk," composed
chiefly, if not entirely, of those who
Engels said were noted for their profound radicallty or radical profundity.
At any rate, this local was organized'
through the instrumentality ot our
membership at large, which has been,
and will be, the means of thoroughly
organizing this province. The Manitoba executive realizes more than ever
the necessity of pushing that particular
brand of propaganda, as it gives a new
man in a locality a chance to eliminate the fog on the brain before he
becomes the organizer or a member of
a local; and, furthermore, these comrades are always ready to assist organizers sent out by the party. We
hope that in the future everybody who
is interested in the revolutionary
party will, if it is Impossible to join a
local, become a member-at-large.
Brandon, we understand, is growing steadily, carrying on regular propaganda meetings, with an average membership of 30. Dauphin ls still plugging away, but as yet have not developed any spielers, with the exception
of Wright, the secretary. Valley
River has been under the snow for six
months, so it is hardly fair to expect
anything from them. Winnipeg No. 1,
or, as they are termed, the "Impossible
Impossibles," have an average membership of 34. Propaganda meetings
are held every week; enemies cordially
invited. Several forced propaganda
marches have been made by Fulcher,
Armstrong, Gribble and others through
the province. Several to Selkirk, one
of which cost Gribble a fine for speaking on the street, and owing to Winnipeg comrades not supporting Gribble
we had to pay. A flying visit to Gar-
son's quarry and Beausejour was suc
cessful; also one to Rivers and Portage.
We would draw the attention of comrades to the necessity of supporting
the proposition of getting books and
pamphlets printed by the party's publishing department. All that ls necessary ls funds.
A systematic distribution of literature  of  a  sound   variety   is  recommended in preference to any other
method of propaganda.
Yours in revolt,
*   •   *
Winnipeg, Man.
Manitoba Provincial Executive Com.,
S. P. of C:
Receipts   and   disbursements   half
year ending December 31st, 1910:
To Cotton's Weekly advertising.!   3.75
Western Clarion, ad space..     6.00
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(Continued from Page 1)
was taken almost word for word from
the English act. Owners of a mine
might not wish to disclose the extent
and value of the mln».
Parker Williams said the argument
tended to show that some company
having little to sell ln the shape of a
mine might have an undesirable light
thrown on the proposition if the plans
were accessible. That might be a good
reason from a standpoint of the owners, but from the standpoint of the
miner who was working near an abandoned mine it was not convincing.
While the clause provided that the
plans should be open to the chief inspector, there was no reason why they
should not be open also to persons who
could show they had special reasons
for access to them, such as the safety
of an adjoining mine.
Hawthornthwaite said that no reason had been advanced why the clause
should remain in the act. Because it
was so ln England lt did not necessarily follow that lt was the last word on
the subject. He could not see what ad.
vantage lay ln limiting access to the
Bring your dull razors to
Clarendon Pool Room, oppoiitc
car barni
Weitmioiter Avenue
Vancouver, B.C.
plans to the chief inspector. The presence of abandoned mines was & serious
disadvantage to new operations'. near
by, entailing a danger to life, and there
was a possibility of the Inspector
knowing of dangerous conditions and
taking no steps to meet them. - In case
ot serious loss of life the question
would arise as to who was to bear the
responsibility. He could not see what
advantage there was ln refusing to allow access to the plans to everybody
but the chief inspector.
McBride said the owners had a proprietary right In the plans, and could
say, "this ls our mine."
Hawthornthwaite. replied that he
was not arguing on property rights.
Yet where they constituted a danger
they were constantly being removed.
The government had the right of eminent domain. Great loss ot life and
property might result from the refusal
to alter the clause, and he could see no
reason why the plans should be kept
The amendment was defeated.
Clause 69. Parker Williams moved
the following amendment:
To insert the following as section 69
and renumber the following sections:
"69. In every colliery containing a
total of more than 25 miles of roads,
airways, gangways, and old workings,
the underground employes shall nominate and elect a person as deputy inspector, whose duty lt shall be to maintain a constant daily patrol of such
colliery. •
"(1.) Such deputy shall have all the
powers of an inspector as defined in
subsections (1), (2) and (3) of section
73 of this act.
"(2.) The deputy inspector shall
cause a dally statement to be posted at
a conspicuous place at or near the
mine; such statement to show the
state of the ventilators and any unusual or unsafe conditions found to
prevail In any portion of the colliery,
and shall also make a tour daily report in a book to be kept for the purpose.
(3.) Such deputy Inspector shall re.
port all unusual or unsafe conditions to
the district inspector.
"(4.) Nomination and election of
such deputy inspector shall be at the
same time and in the same manner as
provided for in sections 11 ego 16, Inclusive, of Schedule 3 of this act: Provided, that for the purpose of this section the word 'coalminers' shall be
construed as meaning all underground
employes other than the mine officials.
"(5.) No persons shall be eligible
for nomination as deputy inspector
who does not possess a third-class certificate, as defined in section 35 of this
"(6.) Deputy inspectors shall be
paid from the consolidated revenue
such sum as the Lieutenant-Governor
in Council may approve."
Speaking to his amendment he said
It would create a new kind of official
in coal mines. At present the inspector had to examine all the workings
once, and he (P. W.) had pointed out
that the chances of his being able to
do so were not good, and the miners
and others were compelled to take the
chief inspector's word as to conditions.
The other day he (the speaker) had
sent an inquiry to an old fireboss in
Nanalmo as to how long It would take
to cover all the workings of a mine at
Nanaimo, and the answer was that it
would take 10 days to cover that mine
alone. How could two Inspectors cover
the whole of the workings on the coast
and also inspect the quartz mines ln
their district, ln an efficient manner?
It did not seem to be possible. New
additional inspectors had been appointed recently, within the last two or
three months, and there might now be
a better chance of it being done. HlB
amendment, however, did not require
the government to appoint enough Inspectors to cover the workings of all
mines at least once a month, but to
provide for thorough Inspection by allowing the miners of each mine to
elect one man whose duty It would be
to look after the workings. Even
where gas committees were In vogue,
gas could collect in dangerous quantities, or other dangerous conditions
could arise which would not be removed until on the eve of the gas committee or the chief inspector making
their visits. The company could clean
up in time, for they could guess when
the Inspector was due and fix up things
that were in an indifferent state, and
the inspector did not and could not
meet that condition. A mine could get
into an unsafe condition in two or
three weeks. To have a man always
on the spot would give the miners a
great deal more  confidence, and he
wonld be able to give the Inspector a
great deal of information he could not
secure himself. He (the speaker) did
not know of any one thing (and he was
suported in-his view by the official in
Nanaimo) that could be embodied ln
the act that would tend-more to render
conditions safe than his amendment.
He could not see what possible danger
there could be ln allowing tbe men to
elect these officials, who were to be
under the inspector. Demands of the
same character had been made in England, and were still being made. An
Inspection once a month, if it was possible, was not sufficiently frequent.
The expense to the government would
be about $700 a month, but he did not j
believe that the Premier would judge
the matter from that standpoint.
McBride replied that Parker Williams was quite right; the expense
would be nothing to the government in
considering the amendment.   But the
Socialists in the House for Improving
the bill, but he did hot feel that lt was
time for a departure of that nature.
- The amendment was defeated on the
following division:
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite;
Noes—Shaw, Fraser, McKenzie, Jardine, Tisdall, Wright, Miller, Jackson,
Cawley, Bowser, McBride, McPhlllips,
Cotton, Thomson, Hunter, Young, Taylor, Gifford, Parson, Davey; 20.
Clause 73 (6). Hawthornthwaite
moved to amend the sub-section as follows:
To add tbe following words: "and
shall post ln a conspicuous place ln
each portion thereof a written notice
showing date and hour of such visit."
McBride said he could not accept lt.
It would compel the Inspector to post
a notice in every working place, and
would be a very ponderous duty indeed.     Clause   87    (3)    covered   the
experiment of electing inspectors had point.
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been tried without success or good results in the U. S., and reports showed
it had not turned out to be at all what
lt was expected to be. "Fancy the con.
dltion that would arise in B. C. mines
tomorrow if the men were allowed to
elect the inspectors." Ability and efficiency would be sacrificed to other
considerations, such as popularity. The
government believed in selecting the
officials on merit alone, in spite of
what Williams had said, and he was
prepared to go before the people to
justify himself on that. As a proof, he
could point out that there were no
complaints in regard to the efficiency
of the B. C. inspectors. Wiliams did
not seem to attach much importance
to the results of the Royal Commission
in England, but he (McBride) was
quite wiling to rest his case on those
reports, which had been compiled with
great care and impartiality.
The Premier then quoted statistics
to prove that B. C. had a more elaborate and extensive system of inspection, in proportion, than had Great
Britain, there being an inspector to
every 1,400 miners, against 25,100 in
Great Britain, and inspections taking
place about five times as often.
Rules 4 and 37 of Clause 87 provided
for inspection by the men themselves.
The government could not accept the
selection or appointment of the officials at this stage, but when it became
necessary they would appoint more inspectors.
Parker Williams replied that he was
not asking the House to let the miners
appoint the inspectors, but only deputy
inspectors, who would be under the
government inspectors. As to the
U. S. reports on the matter, he did not
know what conditions were there, hot
having worked there, but many good
institutions on this side did not work J
out well when applied there. He referred to the appointment of judges
for life, and the jury system as cases
in point. The election of deputy inspectors would be purely in the nature
of an experiment and the government
refused to try It. The appointment of
inspectors was not an experiment,
and had been in existence long enough
and could not be considered an unqualified success. The government should
ttry the experiment of allowing the
men to elect them.
McBride had Bald that he had deceived no complaints as to the inspectors. The reports on page K263 of the
Sessional Papers of 1910 were complaint enough. (Reports on Extension
explosion.) B. C. might have a more
elaborate Inspection than England, but
they also had more deaths, in proportion. He would give the government
an opportunity to vote his amendment
down at that stage.
Hawthornthwaite said the amendment was an important one, and embodied a vital principle. McBride
seemed to be anxious to meet the exigencies of mining in B. ("., and to reduce the number of accidents, and the
amendment moved by Williams was a
new method to that end. The old
method had not been sufficient, and if
any means could be devised to reduce
the number of these accidents they
should be accepted. He (the speaker)
did not think McBride would allow his
judgment to be influenced by personal
feeling. The amendment said that in
addition to the regular inspector the
miners could elect a man to give a
constant daily report on the condition
of the mine. That man would be one
in whom the men would have every
confidence, and his sole duty would be
to look for gas and dangers of that
nature. All the accidents (explosions)
In the B. C. mines arose from the pres.
ence of large bodies of gas not being
found out or discovered. It would be
that man's simple duty to report to the
company and the inspector, and would
be a great advantage to both. He
would have time to examine every
nook and corner of the mine, and nobody could be better informed as to
existing conditions; and he would also
be of enormous advantage in aiding in
rescue work. The amendment was receiving enthusiastic support from the
miners. If McBride would not accept
It then, he would ask him to give It
every consideration on  report.
McBride replied that he would give
consideration to any views advanced
on report. He had every desire to be
fair and impartial to every member of
the House, and he had already accepted scores of amendments from the
Hawthornthwaite replied that lt
would be proof that the inspector had
visited each portion ot the mine. It
had been shown many times that inspectors had not done so. One very
dangerouB section of the mine at Extension, the inspector, on oath, said
he had never visited, and if he had
done his duty the accident might not
have happened. The government had
recently appointed one or two Inspectors in whom could be, placed confidence, but to show that the work had
really been done the notice would testify, and ft would also be a check on.
the Inspector. He. asked leave to withdraw the amendment and would submit it on report.
Clause 86 (Sub-section 7). (Union of.
ficials not to serve on coroners' Juries.)
Parker Williams moved the following
To reconsider section 86 for the purpose of inserting the word "paid" after
the word "any" ln line four of subsection (7).
The clause said that union officials
were not qualified, but no official of a
miners' union was named. As it
stood, the clause might bear on a
larger portion of the miners themselves. . He himself had acted for some
years as auditor, and such service
might be construed as official. To put
the question at rest he had moved the
McBride repeated his reasons for not
accepting the amendment, aB given
previously. They must not have biased
juries, and it was the duty ot union
officials to safeguard the interests of
the men, and see that if the company
was responsible for an accident that it
would be punisbed. That waB quite
right, but it would make it impossible
to give a fair deal to the company.
(Parker Williams insisted that the
word "official" was not defined, and
"paid" would define it. All the Premier's arguments would apply with
equal force to every member of a trade
The amendment was defeated.
Clause 87. (Rule 2.) Hawthornthwaite moved the following amendment:
To strike out the words "where open
lights or explosives are used, or where
electricity is used for power or lighting
purposes," where they occur in Rule 2.
McBride refused to accept it, and
Hawthornthwaite stated that, he would
bring lt in again on report.
Clause 87... (Rule 33.) Hawthornthwaite moved to strike out the word
near" and substitute the word "at"
in line (3). The rule now reads: "After dangerous gas has been found in
any mine a barometer and thermometer shall be placed above ground ln a
conspicuous position 'at' the entrance
to the mine," etc.
The amendment was accepted.
Rule 9. McBride amended by providing that any person refusing to be
searched for matches, etc., should be
subject to no penalty.
The committee then rose.
Wednesday, Feb. 22., 2 P. M.
An act respecting agricultural associations was in committee.
Section 4 provides that various
named species of agricultural societies
and associations already Incorporated
or operating in B. C. shall continue to
be bodies corporate under the new act,
which lays down rules for the formation and conduct of all such associations.
Hayward (Cowichan) moved to
amend the section by adding after the
list of associations the words "and all
other associations, societies, and organizations incorporated under any of
the acts mentioned in section 69 hereof." (Section G9 repeals seven acls
previously enacted dealing with different kinds of agricultural associations.)
Hawthornthwaite enquired what was
[to become of the associations specifically Incorporated under the acts proposed to be repealed.   Would the new
bill affect their .powers, acquired .under
the old acts? There were a great number of them with certain provisions aa
to governing powers	
Price-Ellison (Minister of Agriculture) replied that it would not affect
their powers ln any shape whatever.
Hawthornthwaite contended that
their rules would be abolished under
the new act, as also the principle of cooperation on which the associations
had been founded. He moved to
amend tbe amendment by adding "provided that the powers conferred by the
acts referred to in Clause 69 be not
lessened by this provision.
Prlee-Elllson held the clause over for
Parker Williams objected to Clause
9,  which  provides that the  ca
tlons and by-laws of the assocl|
and all changes made ln them, I
be submitted to and be approJ
the Minister of Agriculture beforj
come Into effect.   He thought
getting down too close for the i
ment to be the censor of the bi
and assuming too much power.]
Price-Ellison   said  the   clause;
been copied from tbe Ontario
Parker Williams replied that I
were going to adopt the princj
copying legislation in the other]
lnces, they could keep abreast
whole continent, and also flnd Jul
tion for lagging behind by the]
process. Those precedents
amounted to nothing. Half of thl
utes passed were amended the;
year ,and he refused to take' any
in a reference to what they did :
tario when they were cons'
changing their own laws. Theses
clatlons were voluntary, and conij
ln the interests of the member
why did the government not
them to embody tbelr own Ida
their by-laws? He then move
strike out the words objected to. t
The amendment was lost.
The Coal Mines Regulation^
made its last appearance in comn
McBride had Clause 18 (dealing!
the eight hours from bank to banf
considered and amended to mea
objections raised by Hawthornthl
Hawthornthwaite heartily col
ulated the Premier on the spis
which he had met hiB (the spea|
views on the matter. It he con"j
in that mood the bill could be j
possibly the best ln the world. |
main thing was to see that it wapi
ried out, and the government^
given them that assurance. He
to express their appreciation of t)HH
titude of the government throuaB-B
the consideration of the bill, siHH
thank them on behalf of the ma|» JM
represented. .,,
The alteration that met the ajH»
tlons raised by Hawthornthwaite,JM
made to the third paragraph, nttta*
now reads: "No contravention, of, tfcs
foregoing-provisions shall be dd
to take place ln the case of any ]
man or engineer in charge ofJB
stantly running machinery, who
derground for the purpose of <la
with any emergency requiring
diate attention, and which, it negla
would necessitate the closing ot
Thursday, Feb. 23, 2 P. M.
The Minister of Agriculture's (i
Ellison) bill for the eradication og,.(
to prevent the spreading of nrj
weeds, was in committee.
Clause 2 enumerates weeds Ut
included as noxious, and conaj
with the words, "or any other, JM
weed.*' Parker Williams objects)*,)*"*
the final words. Ail other weeds titl
covered by the act Bhould be*lWF
tioned. If a settler happened to offend
some pettifogging J. P. it would provide an excuse for the latter to "rub
it in." "Any other" might Include
anything the J. P. liked to think.
Clause 4 provides tbat an owner ol
land has to destroy all noxious weeds
on his land, and also on that half ol
ho road adjacent to his holding. Par
Iter Williams protested against sad
dllng the cost of destroying weeds on
the public highway on the shoulders ol
the settler. He did his duty when hf
attended to the weeds inside the fence
and the rest should be Included In the
ordinary road work. The government
had taken the road land from the set
tier and now required him to keep ll
free of weeds without pay.
Price-Ellison replied that many peo
pie were doing it now for their owi
protection, and tho clause would affec
tho large landowner more than thi
The clause paBscd, only Wllllami
voting against lt, Hawthornthwaiti
being absent.
8 P. M.
Parker Williams moved the seconi
reading of an act. respecting the pay
ment of wages, as given below:
1.   This  act may be cited  as thi
(Continued on Page 4)
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sunday, March 5th. Pour
SATURDAY,  MARCH 4,  1911.
•        BUSY.
(Continued from  page 3.)
. "Master and Servant Act Amendment
Act, 1911."   .
2. The "Master and Servant Act,"
being chapter 131 of the "Revised
Statutes, 1897," is hereby amended by
adding thereto, after section 7, the following new section:—
"7a. (1.) Every workman, employe, or servant, where the rate of
wages does not exceed four dollars a
day, shall be paid at intervals not to
exceed once in each two weeks.
"(2.) No contract shall be entered
into that provides for the payment of
Wiles at longer Intervals than once in
each two weeks.
'■■.-'.■'.'•h.) In the absence of an agree-
"jp&O binding both parties to a labor
eifotract to give notice of the termination, thereof, all wages due a workman, servant or employe shall be paid
' forthwith upon such person ceasing to
work or being discharged.
' "(4.) When payment of wages is
made at a point more than five miles
from a branch of r. chartered bank, not
lest- than five per centum of such
wafes shall be paid in currency.
\'*f£p.) Anv pmplo.er, or the agent
of any eir. '-.yer, who contravenes the
provlslr - •-is section shall ie liable to i    -.•••■:•■   iot exceeding li ty dol-
'    Mff-fc"
He said the bill bad ho'    ntroduced
in "three former yeaio, ..aving passed
the second reading and being defeated
In committee.    The bill provided for
the payment of wages once in every
two weeks, where wages did not exceed $4 a day, but he would just as
soon see the House decide what the limits should be.   The U. M. W. had asked
for the bill year after year, the Western Federation of Miners all through
the provinces wanted It, the miners of
Vancouver Island also, as well as the
B. C. executive of the Trades and La-
-< bor Congress.   On previous occasions
the argument against the bill had been
the extreme difficulty railroad corpora
tlons would experience in complying
.   with it.   That argument was now removed   by   the   Ottawa   government
adopting   a   bill   providing   for   the
weekly pay day for all employes of
railroads under Its jurisdiction.    He
hoped that the Conservative party of
B. C. would be as far advanced as the
Liberal party at Ottawa in the matter.
The bill did not require every little
camp away back in the mountains to
pay in cash every fortnight, but it provided that in places more than five
miles from a chartered bank five per
cent of the full amount of wages due
. should be paid in currency on a man
being discharged.   It was the general
rule of employment ln  the province
that the boss need not give a man a
day's notice, and can pay him off, not
with caBh, but with a time check, for
cashing which the man had frequently
to surrender a portion of his wages
due, or wait several days.    The bill
tried to make it statutory to pay a man
on ceasing work.   They had the right
now to demand It under common law,
but    something   more    specific    was
needed.   The common law applied in
Alberta as in B. C, but the G. T. P. con.
tractors had been ln the habit of keep
ing men waiting for their money for
three or four weeks, and it had become so. bad that the magistrate at
Edmonton had called upon .the company to deal with the men fairly in
the matter.   The common law did not
seem to have much effect.
Section 4 of the bill was a new one.
A man getting his time check at Jarvis inlet had to wait until he arrived
in Vancouver to cash it. Life ln the
backwoods of B. C. is not very attractive, and when a man got into town he
generally stayed until he went broke
before he went back to the woods, etc:
All he had to show on quitting was a
demand on his employer for wages
due in the shape of a time check. He
had to raise money ln some way to get
into town, and had to leave it in the
hands of the purser of the boat he
came down on until he could hunt up
somebody who would redeem It for
him. That person was usually a hotel
keeper, and being usually cursed with
too much gratitude, the logger proceeded to blow In the whole of his
wages In that hotel. Some of his wages
should be paid to him in cash to relieve
him of the necessity of borrowing
money, and that was the motive of section 4. He moved that the bill be read
a second time.
Hayward (Cowichan) adjourned the
The Noxious Weeds Act passed third
reading on the following division:
Noes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite;
Ayes—Shaw, Mackenzie, Brewster,
Manson, M., Fraser, Braden, Brewster,
Jardine, Tlsdall, Miller, Caven, Bowser,
Ellison, McPhlllips, Shatford, Behnsen,
Hunter, Macgowan, Gifford, Hayward,
Mackay; 20.
The Agricultural Association Bill
was In committee, and Price-Ellison
amended Clause 4, objected to by the
Socialists, to tho effect that all associations having powers under the acts
cancelled by the new bill could retain
their powers intact until they elect to
come under the new act.
Hawthornthwaite expressed the
opinion that the farmers of the prov
ince would be very grateful to the government, and not less so to the Socialist opposition for drawing attention to
the effect of the, clause as lt stood.
Parker Williams objected to Clause
34, which provides that the'Lieutenant-
Governor In Council can appoint from
among the elected delegates to the
Central Institute six members, to be
known as an advisory board to the
minister. He knew of no good reason
why the farmers could not be trusted
to elect the board, unless it was that
they might wander too far from the
Conservative machine. M~_
Hawthornthwaite moved to amend
the section to read as follows: "The
delegates to the Central Institute may
elect from amongst their number six
members of a board to be known as
the advisory board.''
The amendment was accepted.
Bowser had before the House ln com.
mittee an act further to amend the
ShopB Regulation Act. He said it was
being done with the approval of the
Trades and Labor council in Vancouver.
Hawthornthwaite approved of the
bill and sought to add to it the following as a further amendment:
"4. Section 2 of chapter 34 of the
Statutes of 1900 is hereby amended by
striking out the words 'in the fifteen
next following sections, and in any bylaw passed under the provisions of the
fifteen next following sections,' in the
second and third lines thereof, and by
substituting therefor 'in this act,' and
by repealing paragraph (c) of said section.
"5. Section 3 of said chapter 34,
as enacted by section 2 of chapter 50
of the Statutes of 1902, Is hereby repealed, and the following section is
substituted therefor:—
" '3. (1.) All or any classes of shops
shall be closed .and remain closed after
6 o'clock,In the afternoon of each and
every day of the week except Thursday
and Saturday, and on Saturday after 9 o'clock in the afternoon, and remain closed: Provided, always, that
in any municipality the council may
select in lieu of Thursday another day
considered more suitable In the Interests of the locality, and on the day so
selected all and any classes of shops
shall be closed at 1 o'clock in the afternoon and remain closed.
'(2.) One hour for the noonday
meal shall be allowed each day for
each and every employe, and one hour
for another or evening meal on each
and every Saturday, not later than 7
o'clock in the afternoon.
(3.) Shops shall not be opened on
the following days, namely: New
Year's   Day,   Christmas   Day,   Easter
Monday, May Day.'   	
'16.   The said chapter 34 is hereby
[amended by adding thereto the following section:—
"'81. Any person offending against
any of the provisions of this act for
which no other penalty is provided
shall be liable, on summary conviction,
to a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars
and costs, and in default of payment
to imprisonment for a term not exceed,
lug one month.'
"17. The schedule attached to said
chapter 34 is hereby repealed.
"18. Section IB of chapter 49 of the
Statutes of 1901, being 'An Act' to
amend the "Shops Regulation Act,
1900,"' and chapter 59 of the Statutes
of 1902, being 'An Act to amend the
"Shops Regulation Act, 1900,"' are
hereby repealed.
"I'D. This act shall come into force
on the first day of May, 1911."
He said the effect of his amendment
was to reduce the hours of labor ln
shops and the employment of children.
There was  now  some  limit  on  the
hours, but it was altogether disproportionate to what was required.   Young
children were being kept at work for
nine or ten hours a day.   The sanitary
and  ventilating  provisions  were  not
what they should be for the health and
welfare of employes In the department
stores.  Almost all other industries had
unions for protection, but theBe people
had not.    Many  of  them,  owing  to
youth and sex, were not able to protect
themselves, and were at the mercy of
their employers.   The existing act had
already had some effect, but sufficient
had not been done.   Much of the material  handled  ln  tbe  shops  was  not
manufactured ln the province, but ln
the disease-Infected slums of Montreal,
which rank with any, and one authority had said they were as bad as any
ln New York.   That was bad enough
to demand attention and create alarm,
for lt resulted in the employes of the
shops in B. C. being exposed to the
infection of consumption.   The surest
way to protect them was to provide
proper ventilation and regular hours of
labor.   In these matters it would not
do to run amuck; they had to provide
reasonable legislation.   There was no
reason why the hours Bhould be so excessive,  and   liis  amendment  should
demand the respect and attention of
the House. It sought to limit the hours
children should work, which In holiday
time were excessively long.   Considering the prosperous business conditions
In the province, the hours could well
be reduced.   He had time to introduce
a bill for the purpose, but he had taken
the opportunity to introduce lt as an
amendment   to   the   bill   before   the
McPhlllips said that the difficulty
was that the act was not being carried
out    The fault for tbat lay with the
cities, under whose administration the | every such instance.   Vancouver Isl-
department stores were, and the legislature at an early date would bave to
take jurisdiction.
The Attorney General said that his
bill would make the act effective, and
Hawthornthwaite's amendment was defeated, but will be Introduced again on
Taylor (Minister of Works) moved
the second reading of an act respecting the taking of lands for highway
purposes, and was opposed by Parker
Williams, on the ground of no compensation being provided. It passed
second reading and the House went
Into committee to conBlder the details. The bill applies to the Vancouver Island and mainland railway beltB,
and gives the minister power to take
not more than 1-20 of crown-granted
lands for highway purposes without
compensation to the owner. Over this
provision arose the opposition from the
Hawthornthwaite wanted to know it
the clause (No. 3) would affect lands
which the corporations had sold to private Individuals. He thought It would,
and work a very serious hardship and
Injustice on holders of quarter sections, and the bill would raise consul
erable opposition throughout the province. If a railroad corporation sold to
a third person 20 acres, would' the government have power to take 1-20 of
that small holding for road purposes,
without compensation? Surely that
could not be the intention of the measure.
Parker Williams reiterated the objections he had expressed on the second reading, his most Important point
being a suggestion that the government
should refuse to register any crown
grant unless provision had been made
for roads, throwing the necessity of
doing that on the owner of large tracts
who proposed to split them up Into
small holdings. Under the bill the
small owner would suffer and. get no
compensation whatever.
The Attorney General said that there
was a great deal to be said for the arguments advanced, but the idea was
not to compensate, on the principle
that the roads were for the public
good. Although the dominion government had the power to open up roads
in the railway belt, they did nothing to
open up the lands, and the people in
the outside districts did it, and improved the condition of the settlers on
the dominion lands by providing ac
cess to markets, etc. The bill was
lrawn on the general principle that
roads were ln the public interest, and
for that reason no provision was made
for compensation.
Hawthornthwaite said that the attorney general's argument did not applv
to the people in the east and north belt
who were under lordships that did not
obtain with those In the mainland railway belt. Everything in sight was
reserved by the company—water rights,
minerals, coal, timber—until they were
left with practically nothing, and now
the government was putting an additional hardship on theni by providing
for the confiscation of 1-20 of their
holdings when needed for roads, without any compensation whatsoever.
What would they have left? It made
the small holdings practically valueless, and would prevent people from
settling on these lands. It would be a
serious hardship to the owner of 10
acres of land tbat he had cleared to
have such a large proportion taken
from him without compensation.
McPhlllips expressed the opinion
that it would not affect the small holdings very much.
. .Parker Williams could not think that
the government intended to assert its
rights against the small holders. Outside Ladysmith land had been taken
up ta small sections at the price of
$100 per acre. Would the government
assert its rights in such cases as that?
He would move an amendment to add
to the end of section (6) to cover similar cases.
McBride asked Hawthornthwaite
what the E. & N. Co. reserved in their
deedB of conveyance.
Hawthornthwaite replied that they
could take land for railway purposes,
the timber, all minerals, bore, tunnel,
sink—do everything imaginable, putting tbe settlers under great hardships.
The people who had bought those
lands ln good faith now found these
new conditions forced on them. They
had cleared the land, knowing that
they would be compensated for any
part of their holdings taken for road j
purposes. The government should accept an amendment along the line of
adding to clause 5 the words "provided,
always, that this section shall not apply to lands reconveyed since settlement."
McBride said the amendment would
destroy the effect of the bill. The bill
did not propose to take the most valuable sections for nothing, but where
unimproved lands were taken the
owner should not be favored over his
neighbor. The Mill Bay road had already cost $200,000, and only a small
number of the settlers were paying for
lt.     .
Hawthornthwaite raised the point
as to whether the bill was "Intra
vires"?. It seemed to be a breach of.
McBride replied that when the dominion government granted the land
the provincial government assumed
control, and had complete power in
and had already a system of roads and
tbe government could not make any
new trunk roads.
Hawthornthwaite still thought the
bill a breach of contract.
Parker Williams moved to amend
section (3) by providing that it "should
not apply to sub-divisions or small
holdings, less than 20 acres in extent,"
but added aB a comment that he would
rather the government covered the
case by making provisions as to roads
ln registering the lands.
The amendment was defeated, but
will be Introduced again on report, as
wlll also another amendment to
clause 6.
8 P.M.
The Coal Mines Regulation Act came
up for adoption of report of Hawthornthwaite, and Williams secured divisions on the following amendments,
wbich McBride had rejected in committee:
Hawthornthwaite moved to add the
following new section:
"4. No boy or person under the' age
of 18 years shall be employed in any
place in which inflammable gas has
been found within the preceding M
•Negatived on the following division:
Yeas — Williams, Hawthornthwaite,
Brewster; 3.
Nays — Shaw, Fraser, Mackenzie,
Manson, W., Miller, Jackson, McBride,
Thomson, Behnsen, Hunter, Manson,
W. J., Young, Taylor, Mackay, Parson; 15.
Hawthornthwaite moved to strike
out Bectlon 6.
Hawthornthwaite moved to add after
the Word "negligence" in the fourth
line, section 39, the following words:
"Or negligence leading to or resulting
in loss of life or serious injury to any
Hawthornthwaite moved in amendment:
Section 54.   To strike out the words
provided such meetings do not interfere with the working of the mine."
Negatived on the following division:
Yeas—Williams,    Hawthornthwaite;
Nays — Shaw, Fraser, Mackenzie,
Brewster, Manson, W., Miller, Jackson,
McBride, Schofield, Behnsen, Hunter,
Manson, W. J., Taylor, Mackay, Parson; 15.
Hawthornthwaite moved in amendment:
Section 65, line 9. To strike out the
words "but no person except an Inspector under this act shall be entitled,
without the consent of the owner of
the mine, to see such plans when so
sent until after the lapse of ten years
from the time of such abandonment,"
where they occur in said section.
Negatived on the same division.
Hawthornthwaite moved in amendment:
Section 73, sub-section (5). To add
the following words: "And shall post
In a conspicuous place ln each section
thereof visited a written notice showing date and hour of such visit."
Negatived on the following division:
Yeas—Williams , Hawthornthwaite,
Brewster; 3.
Nays — Shaw, Fraser, Mackenzie,
Manson, W„ Miller, Jackson, McBride,
Thomson, Behnsen, Young, Taylor,
Mackay, Parsons;  13.
Parker Williams' amendment to section 69, providing for the election of
deputy inspectors, was ruled out of order by the speaker, as it entailed an
expenditure of public money, inasmuch
as It provided that the proposed deputies should be paid by the government.
Hawthornthwaite moved to add the
following words to section 75, sub-section (3):    "Provided, always, that nny
person so removed shall have the right
to appeal to a board of arbitration under the provisions of this act."
Negatived on the same division.
Williams moved to insert the word
"animal" after the word "any" In line
three of sub-section (1).
Negatived on the same division.
(Provides for the removal of danger
ous mules from mines.)
Hawthornthwaite  woved  in
Section 87, rule 2. To strike out the
words "where open lights or explosives
are used, or where electricity is used
for power or lighting purposes," where
they occur in rule 2.
Hawthornthwaite moved in amend-
Section 86, sub-section (7). To add
the following words to said sub-section
(7): "Provided, always, that coal-
miners holding certificates of competency shall form a majority upon any
jury empanelled under the provisions
of this section."
Negatived on the following division:
Yeas—Williams, Hawthornthwaite;
Nays — Shaw, Fraser, Brewster,,
Manson, W., Jackson, McBride, Thomson, Behnsen, Young, Taylor, Mackay,
Parson; 12.
Hawthornthwaite moved in amendment:
Section 87, rule 42, line 5.   To insert
the word "coalmlner" after the word
is" in said line.
Negatived on the following division:
Yeas—Williams,    Hawthornthwaite,
Brewster; 3.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers lt should belong.
The present economic system Is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all tbe products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker a
So long as the capitalist class remains In possession of the reins of
government all tbe powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under wbich is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure lt by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mllls.arailroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always aud everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
of the working class and aid the workers In their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for It; If lt will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to It
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all tbe public affairs placed in Its hauds in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
Nays—Shaw, Fraser, Manson, W.,
Jackson, McBride, Thomson, Behnsen,
Young, Taylor, Mackay, Parson; 11.
Report, as amended, adopted.
No fresh arguments were adduced,
either for or against the amendments,
than have already been reported.
It was 2 a. m. Friday when the
House adjourned.
Friday, Feb. 23
The Coal Mines Regulation Act
passed the third reading.
The "Highways" bill came up for
report, and Parker Williams moved aB
an amendment that the section provid
ing for tbe confiscation of land for
highway purposes should not apply to
"blocks or small holdings of less than
20 acres in extent."
The amendment was defeated on the
following division:
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite;
Nays—Watson, McDonald, Manson
(Comox), Jardine, Manson (Skeena),
Tisdall, Miller, Jackson, Cawley, Caven, McBride, Ellison, McPhlllips,
Thomson, Schofield, Behnsen, Hunter,
Manson (Dewdney), Taylor, Parson,
Davey; 21. '
He then moved an amendment to
section 6 ot the same bill, to provide
that improved or cleared lands should
not be taken without compensation. It
was also defeated on practically the
Same vote. Hayward (Cowichan)
WHS absent on both divisions.)
( n the motion that the bill be read
a third time, Hawthornthwaite said
that if the Important amendments submitted by Parker Williams had been
accepted It would have placed the So-
ola'ist party in a different position tn
regard to the bill, but having been recused, they were reluctantly compelled
|to go on record as being opposed to it.
nl).eill) |The titles held by the settlers In the
'E. & N. belt were limited by a number
." reservations of all possible sorts.
Land could be expropriated for railway
purposes; tbe company also reserved
the timber, coal and minerals, and
their title was a very inferior one indeed.    The government had now de-
for road purposes without compensation, with no regard to the title held
by these people, and that was very unfair. The Socialist party did not deny
that the government should have
power to take land for road purposes,
but compensation should be granted.
It would not amount to much in
money, and should be given.
The third reading then carried, only
the Socialists opposing lt.
The Shop Regulation Act came up
for adoption of report during the evening session, and the amendment of
Hawthornthwaite, defeated in committee, was again submitted (as the rules
allow), and defeated on the following
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite,
Brewster; 3.
Nays—Fraser, McDonald, Jackson,
Miller, Tlsdall, Jardine, Bowser, McBride, Ellison, McPhilllps, Hunter,
Schofield, Taylor; 13.
J. H. B.
Capital, Vol. I, II, III, Karl Marx,
per vol $2.00
Ancient Society, Lewis Morgan $1.60
Six Centuries of Work and Wages,
Thorold Rogers   2.00
Woman Under Socialism, Bebel.. 1.00
Essays on tbe Materialist Conception of History, Labrialo 1.00
Socialism and Philosophy, Labrlola   1.00
Positive  Outcome of Philosophy
Dietzgen    1.00
Philosophical Essays, Dletzgen... 1.00
Socialism and   Modern   Science,
Enrico Ferrl   1.00
Evolution Social and Organic, Arthur M. Lewis   59
Vital Problems in Social Evolution, Arthur M. Lewis 50
The above works will be sent postpaid to any part of Canada. This Is
only a selection of our stock and" almost any bound work in Chas. H.
Kerr's catalogue can be had. Orders
to be addressed David Galloway, 2248
elded to take power to expropriate land I Main St., Vancouver.
q If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and ha"e much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send * man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
lustalling the gac pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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