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Western Clarion Jul 13, 1912

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 M
WESTERN
OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
CLAR*
PUBLISHED IN THE INTERESTS OF THE WORKING CLASS ALONE
NUMBER 676
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1912
Subscription Price *BI  MA
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
Pertinent Facts Set Forth for the Guidance of the
Proletariat in Future Upheavels.
At Socialist meetings, questions are
frequently asked why the French
revolution was not a success? And
again, Do the Socialists want a repetition of the bloody scenes that took
place in France during the latter part
of the 18th century? The reply to
those questions may be Bummed up aB
follows: First—The French Revolution was an unmistakable success, for
it did exactly as was intended: It
emancipated the middle class, who
were anxious to obtain political power
to secure its complete dominance in
French society. Second—The bloody
scenes in France were not of the making of the working class, but were instigated, fostered, supported, endorsed
and  sanctioned by the middle class.
It is absurd now, having learnt the
real history of the working class part
in that Revolution, to say that It wns
an act of the working class. That the
working class were used by all the
factions in that national outbreak is
true; but tbey were simply pawns in
the game, used and sacrificed in order
to checkmate the aristocracy and
clergy. Too long in the past have tho
suborned supporters of oppression
been content to lay blame on the
shoulders of the working class for the
incidents from 1789 to 1795.
Charles F. Home, in the preface to
vol. 14 of "Great Events by Famous
Historians," says:
"It has long been a popular error,
encouraged by historians of a former
generation, that the French Revolution
arose from a starving peasantry driven
to madness by intolerable oppression.
We know better now. ... It is even
true that the lower classes were unready for a change. The French Revolution was an uprising of the middle
classes. Its great leaders in the
earlier stages were Mlrobeau, Bon of
a baron, and America's own friend,
the Marquis Lafayette. Even the
King, Louis XVI., at least partly approved the movement."
There is the case in a nutshell.
Simply an endorsement of the Socialist contention that the French Revolution was engineered in the interests
of the middle class. But it seems
quite out of harmony with history to
deal with the French Revolution and
not start by giving a description of j
the condition in France prior to the j
Revolution. As Justice McCarthy said, |
"the history of the French Revolution I
Is scarcely comprehensible without a i
knowledge of the history of France." i
The condition in France was one
wherein there was privation, poverty
and want. Famines occurred. Taxation was heavy upon the peasantry.
The clergy were immune from taxation. The bourgeolse (the middle
class) were paying more tjian their
share of taxation. They desired to
attack clerical property. The bourgeoisie had combined for the purpose
of ousting the landed aristocracy. Still
more important were the colonial
merchants who by trade and exploitation had added to their wealth, desired
to see themselves In public offices to
influence their trade and benefit from
enactments. Up to then they had no
voice In the government. They thereupon acted ns mouthpieces for the
misery of the peasantry. They know
(as the English bourgeoisie copied
from them in 1832), that without the
aid of the workers they would not
gain power. Endeavors to excite interest began. First came complaints
about finance being In a bad way; next
came turbulent mutterlngs about the
extravagances of the King and his
paramours.
Again, the fact ot the American
colonists being successful tn obtaining
their Independence spurred the bour-
goeisie on. Did not the Marquis Lafayette and others go to the assistance
of the "gentlemen of America?"   The
THE WORKING MAN
TO NEW READERS
If you get this paper sent
you, it is paid for.
All we wish you to do is to
study it, and if you find anything in- it that yoji object
to, write to the office of publication and let us know to
what you disagree.
This paper is published in
the interests of the working
class, therefore if you aro a
wage worker it is to your
interest to study it.
proclamation of a republic in America
brought things much speedier. For it
stood to reason that those who assist
other nationalities in obtaining "freedom" would certainly fight for themselves and their blood. France was at
that time on the verge of national
bankruptcy. Louis XVI.'s finance minister was dismissed. The new minister, Jacques Necker, immediately set
about "restoring" the financial status
of the country. But Necker, lt Is said,
was a philosopher, and the foBter
mother of D'Alembert said that a philosopher is a madman "who makes his
life miserable in order that people may
talk about him after he is dead."
Necker was assuredly of that ilk;
he failed to become in any way successful in manipulating the finances.
He had, however, to face an annual
deficit of about $*>,000,000. Along with
that there was the expenditure for
war. Reduction in the number of officers ensued. On top of that came the
necessity of providing funds for the
American insurgents. It cost France,
according to Professor Higgs, about
$250,000,000. After his juggling with
finance for about two years Necker
published an "account" (Compte Render au Roi"), which caused his dismissal. The new finance minister, Joly de
Fleury, followed the Bame method as
that of Necker, who had become an
idol of the middle class. Taxes were
again levied, because the financial
sharks would not loan money to the
government, the bankers being supporters of Necker. Fleury sold offices.
He resigned in March, 1783. After an
uneventful interval Calonne became
controller-general. He informed the
nobility that the annual deficit was
about $10,250,000. Necker, in 1785,
issued a book attacking the "administration of finances in France." It sold
like wildfire. Calonne obtained an order for his expulsion. The minister
of finance then asked the clergy to Increase their free contribution. The
latter, however, stated their willingness, and When they met in 1786 they
were able to postpone all efforts to obtain the money. The method adopted
to settle the situation was to convene
the "Council of Notables." They met
and Calonne reviewed the situation,
stating they were going to impose
taxes upon land, a stamp tax, etc., etc.
He was dismissed. I.ourclne de
Brienne succeeded, lie could not stifle
the bourgeoisie and Brienne in an endeavor to do so was met with this significant reply, "It Is not statements of
accounts we want: it is a states general."
Here for the first time do we see
what was the object of a middle class.
To them a general tax upon the nation
and its produce should first meet with
tho approval of the nation. Then began the middle class call, "No taxation
without representation."
The individual who had dared to
utter that remark against Calonne was
soon imprisoned by "lettre de cachet."
Still there was no Improvement In
finance. Necker was recalled, and
that act caused hysterical delight.
Gradually falling in with the views of
tho middle class, he caused tho King
to declare the convening of the stales
general In January, 1789.
But what was to be the basis of representation? When the Btates general had laBt met ln 1614 (175 years
previously), it waB not elective, but
were appointees of the King! Were
the nobility and clergy to dominate?
How were they to vote? What was to
be the numerical strength of the Third
Estate?
Finally, when the states general met,
there were 308 clergymen, 285 nobles,
621 representatives of the Third
Estate. The latter wanted voting "by
head," tbe two former "voting by order," wherein the clergy and nobles
would dominate the Third Estate. The
main effort in this article is to show
how the bourgeoisie acted. The people
who were returned as representatives
of the Third Estate were not workers,
but, according .to the account in the
"Cambridge Modern History," by
Professor F. C. Montague, professor of
history in the University College,
London, there were "among the deputies of the Third Estate three or four
ecclesiastics like Kiej'es and 15 nobles
of whom Honore de Mirabeau Is the
best known. ... Merchants, bankers and citizens of Independent fortunes number about 130. There were
about 15 doctors and 40 peasants or
farmers.     But   the   most   numerous
He makes everything.
He makes butter and eats oleo.
He makes overcoats and freezes.
He builds palaces and lives in
shacks.
He raises the corn and eats the
husks.
He builds automobiles and walks
home.
He makes kid gloves and wears
mittens.
He makes fine tobacco and chews
scrap.
He makes fine flour and eats stale
bread.
He makes fine clothing and wears
shoddy.
He makes silk socks and wears cotton ones.
He makes good cigars and smokes
two-fers.
He builds electric light plants and
burns oil.
He makes dress suit shirts and
wears flannel.
He produces fine beef and eats the
soup bone.
He makes carriages and pushes a
wheelbarrow.
He makes broadcloth pants and
wears overalls.
He makes meerschaum pipes and
smokes clay.
He makes stovepipe hats and wears
cheap derbys.
He digs the gold and has his teeth
filled with cement.
He builds fine cafes and eats at tbe
lunch counter
He makes patent leather shoes
and wears brogans.
He builds baseball grandstands and
sits in the bleachers.
He makes the palace car and rides
in the Bide-door Bleeper.
He builds grand opera houses and
goes to the nickel shows.
He makes silk suspenders and holds
jils pants up with nails.
He makes fine furniture and uses
cheap instalment stuff.
He makes the shrouds, the coffin
and tombs, and when he dies he
sleepB in Potters' field.
Workers, wake up! You have nothing to lose but your chains, and a
world to gain.—Emancipator.
HOBOES PLAN TO HAVE
PRESIDENTIAL TICKET
IN FIELD NEXT FALL.
Cincinnati, O., June 29.—The National Hobo Association has issued a call
from national headquarters in this city
for a political convention to be held In
New York July 6 and 8.
James Eads How, the St. Louis millionaire tramp, will be the selection of
the body for president.
Several of the planks of the platform
called for legislation on the establishment of national employment bureaus,
free transportation to jobs, the shortening of hours, a minimum wage and
insurance against unemployment.
You have had Liberal government
and you now have a Conservative
government, and still the condition of
the workers has not Improved. In
studying the Socialist program, you
will flnd that the cause of the condition of the worker lies in the fact
that tho machinery of wealth production is ln the hands of a few, aud that
the benefit derived from the products
does not go to the producers, but the
owners. Therefore, If the conditions
of the working class aro to be improved, they must obtain possession of
the machinery of wealth production
through political action, as it is by the
machinery of government that the
useless capitalist class retains posses
sion of the means of life.
"What Is the use of disturbing tho
present system?" asked the man who
had just received a quarterly dividend
check of large proportions. "What's
the use of keeping lt as it is?" came
the answering question from the man
who had spent tho day looking for
work, but without finding it.—From
Life.
(Continued on page four)
Who owns the palaces?   The men
who never performed  a  day's  worli
Who lives in hovels?   The men who
built the palaces.—The Critic.
LESSONS IN ECONOMICS
If several workmen were to be asked: "How much wages do you get?"
one would reply, "I get a dollar a day
from my employer"; another, "I get
two dollars a day,' 'and so on. According to the different branches of
Industry In which they are employed,
they would mention different sums of
money that they receive from their
respective employers for the completion of a certain task; for example,
for weaving a yard of linen, or for
Betting a page of type; Despite tbe
variety of their statements, they would
all agree upon one point: that wages
are the amount of money which the
capitalist pays for a certain period of
work or for a certain amount of work.
Consequently, it appears that the
capitalist BUYS their labor with
money, and that for money they SELL
him their labor. But this is merely an
illusion. What they actually sell to
the capitalist for money is their
LABOR-POWER. This labor-power
the capitalist buys for a day, a week,
a month, etc. And after he has bought
it, he uses it up by letting the worker
labor during the stipulated time. With
the same amount of money with which
the capitalist has bought their labor-
power, for example, with two dollars,
he could have bought a certain amount
of sugar or of any other commodit3r.
The two dollars with which he bought
twenty pounds of sugar is the price of
dollars with which he bought twelve
hours' use of the labor-power, is the
price of twelve hours' labor. Labor-
power, then, is a commodity, no more,
no less than is the sugar. The first
is measured by the clock the other
by the scales.
Their commodity, labor-power, the
workers exchange for the commodity
of the capitalist, for money, and, moreover, this exchange takes place at a
certain ratio. So much money for so'
long a use of labor-power. For twelve
hours' weaving, two dollars. And
these two dollars, do they not repre-j
sent all the other commodities which
I can buy for two dollars? Therefore,
actually, the worker has exchanged his
commodity, labor-power, for commodities of all kinds, and moreover at a
certain ratio. By giving him two dollars, the capitalist has given him so
much meat, bo much clothing, bo much
wood, light, etc., in exchange for his
day's work. The two dollars therefore
expresses the relation in which labor-
power is exchanged for other commodities the EXCHANGE VALUE of
labor-power. The exchange value of a
commodity estimated in MONEY is
called its PRICE. WAGES therefore
are only a special name for the price
of labor-power, and are usually called
the price of work; it is the special
name for the price of this peculiar
commodity, which has no other repository than human flesh and blood.—The
People.
WHAT   IS SOCIALISM?
CAPITALISTS vs. LABORERS
Clash of Interest Between Exploiters and Exploited
Rapidly Culminating in Political Conflict.
Rockefeller gets $140 a minute us
clear profit from the labor of hlB employes, whether he works or not. And,
by the way, HE never works.
We Socialists claim that labor produces all wealth, and to the producers
It should belong. If you agree with
us, help us put the other fellow wise.
When are you going to stop voting
the same ticket as your boss, and vote
for your own Interests?
Socialism is not a scheme or plan.
Neither is it an attempt of iconoclasts
to pull down everything in sight and
wage a war of destruction and revenge on the part of an outraged
and oppressed class. The above is the
vulgar conceptions of people who
know nothing about lt.
The capitalist press generaly try
to make it appear that Socialism is
merely a Utopian dream of reform
(well meaning, perhaps, but utterly
foolish and impossible). What then
IS Socialism?
Socialism is the name commonly
used to denote certain scientific doctrines, which explain and determine
the causes (primarily) of poverty,
classes, crime, drunkennes, prostitution, child slavery, jails, penitentiaries, lunatic asylums, suicides, in a
word—social misery. It embraces
many studies. Among others it ls
chiofly concerned with economics,
philosophy,, evolution,  history.
It revolutionizes the human mind,
by taking the student into a world of
reality and actual facts aB compared
with the metaphysical, Utopian, and
class conceptions which we receive
from the ruling class through the
medium of the public school, church,
newspapers and other CLASS Institutions.
The scientific Socialist repudiates
and holds up to just scorn the pretentions of the parasite class of society.
In a general sence Socialism is concerned with all phases of human activities and also is constantly forced
to change Its position In regards to
the question of tactics.
Only people whose minds are confused or whose ideas are thoroughly
antiquated, pretend that Socialism is
not growing. The genuine Socialists
everywhere are not concerned with
the last named statement, but
are more worried about the speed
with which we can help to make it a
possibility in the near future. In conclusion let ub hope that every true
Socialist will do everything possible
ln their individual power to hasten
this the greatest, most magnificent
struggle tho world has ever seen,
namely, to emancipate the working
class everywhere from wage slavery.
—Dan RonnldB.
Work to abolish the wage system.
Modern society is split into two warring classes known as the Capitalist
Class and the Working Class. The
distinguishing mark of each of these
classes lies in the manner In which
it makes its living. The Capitalst
Class lives by profit. The Working
Class lives by labor. The interest of
the former lies in the direction of obtaining the largest possible return
from industry with the least possible
expenditure for wages. The interest
of the latter lies in the direction of
getting the largest possible wage with
the. least possible expenditure of energy. The interests of these two
classes conflict at every point. But as
the Capitalist Class has up to the pres
ent held control of the powers of government it has been able to enforce
its economic program by holding the
Working Class in subjection to its
merciless exploitation. And that power has been granted the Capitalists at
the polls by the exploited Working
Class itself. It is solely by the votes
of workingmen that Capitalist governments are elected and the purpose of
such governments Is to hold the Work
ing Class in subjection to the rule of
Capital. In other words the workers
have repeatedly voted for their own
enslavement. This rank error of
judgment in a matter of such vital importance does not speak well for the
Intelligence that capitalist politicians
atribute to you when appealing for
your votes.
The Capitalist Class is today su
preme master of industry. Through
the powers of government it successfully assertB its title to ownership of
the resources of the earth and the ln
struments of labor. As the Workers
must have access to these means of
production in order to live, such ownership gives to the Capitalists abso
lute command of labor and all the
wedlth it may bring forth. By their
ownership of the means of production
tthe Capitalist Class owns the Working Class. Owning the Working Class
it owns its product. It stands abso
lutely supreme as the modern master
olasB, the legitimate successor to the
Feudal Nobility of the Middle Ages
and the Chattel Slave masters of antiquity.
The Modern Working Class is like
wise the legimiate successor to the
feudal serf and chattel slave classes of
old. Without property rights in the
means of production the workers are
held in bondage to their Capitalist
masters and broken upon the wheel
of exploitation under the wage process.
The greater volume of wealth they
produce the poorer they become and
the more uncertain their hold upon
the employment that alone can give
them bread. The more their productive power is Increased through higher development of industrial appliances and methods, the more difficult
it becomes for them to make a living.
Modern Implements of industry have
so multiplied the productive power of
labor that during the past year but
little more than three fourths of the
working force of this western continent has been able to obtain employment. The power of production
lias become bo great that oven with
this reduced working force tho markets of the world are kept gorged
with products.
All wealth that Is measured ln terms
of exchange value is produced by
Labor alone. The working class Is the
only value-producing factor in human
society. In view ow this it becomes the
only form of property from whicli a
profit can be made. The immense
value that appears to attach to the resources of the earth and the factorlos,
mlllB, railways, etc., arises from the
fact that the ownership of these enables the capitalists to command the
only property that possess a value-creating power, 1. e., the Working Class.
To refer to the workers aB property
may not be particularly pleasing to
the ear of thin-skinned folk, but the
fact still remains that they are the
property upon which Is based the
pomp and power of the present ruling
class. They are held in this position
by tbe power of government, a power
that they havo foolishly given into the
hands of their masters and owners by
electing their political touts to tbe
various chambers of legislation. They
must continue to occupy this humiliating position so long as thoy are so
ill-advised as to commit such political
folly.
The interest of the working class demands that the rule of capital shall
be brought to an end by destroying
capitalist control of the means of production and its consequent ownership
of the working class. This can readily
be accomplished by the workers withdrawing support from the political and
economic program of the master class
and using their franchise for the purpose of obtaining, in their own behalf,
control of the powers of government
which the capitalist class now use
so ruthlessly against them.
The Liberal and Conservative parties are political expressions of Capitalist Class interest. No candidate
of either party could safeguard the interests of the Working ClaBs without .;
proving recreant to the trust imposed
in him by the Capitalist interests responsible for his nomination. No man
can serve two masters. A capitalist
representative "Ban only serve the interests of the Class whose political
creature he is. None but fools would
expect him to do otherwise. It is supreme folly for the workers to look to
the political representatives of Capital
for any measures to conserve the interests of the Working Class.
Fundamentaly the Liberal and Conservative parties stand for the same
thing, i. e.. Capitalist control of Industry and tbe exploitation of labor
for the profit of Capital. Such differences as exist between them arise
from a conflict of interest between different sections of the capitalist class.
When it comes to a contest of strength
between the Capitalist class and the
Working Class they sink their differ-
ances and act as a unit in defense of
their right to rule and rob the workers.
The interest of the workers demands
tbat the Working Class assumes control of tbe means of production bo that
this class which produces the wealth
of the world may use and enjoy that
which it creates. The political expression, of the Working Class of the Dominion is in the field as the Socialist
Party of Canada. Wherever possible,
its candidates will be in the field at
the coming elections. If elected they
will carry to the halls of legislation
thc mandate of the Working Class.
They will make no pretense of serving
the interests of the Capitalist Class or
any section of it. When the workers
of Canada have awakened to a realization of the ignominious position they .
now occupy in this class-ruled civilization, they will fill the Dominion and
Provlnicial parliaments with their own
representatives and the political touts
of the Master class will henceforth be
known therein no more forever.
Workingmen of Canada, is it not
time to shake off that political super-
stitution that has so long held you in
bondage to Capita! and its brutal exploitation? Ia it not time you stood
up ub men and used your franchise for
thc purpose of making Canada something better than a shambles wherein
thc flesh and blood of your class Is
ground Into profit to swell the coffers
of a vulgar und conscienceless ruling
class? Is lt not lime you took a solemn oath to leave no stone unturned to
raise yourselves from the category of
property to the status of free men? In
short, Is It not time you ceased being
used as Ihe instruments of your own
enslavement and degradation and be.
some soldiers lu the army of the Revolution that Is to bring the rule of capital lo un end and strike from tho limbs
of labor the shackles of wage servitude?
If the llmo has come for you to
strike a blow on behalf of yourselves
and your class you will make the fact
known on election day by refusing to
longer support the political parties of
Capital and throwing all your strength
in behalf of the candidates of your
class.
It is up to you.
Profit is made by tho exploitation of
labor. If you are tired of being exploited, get in with the Socialist
Party.
"OCAL  VANCOUVER
Propaganda
MEETING
Every Sunday Evening
Empress Tlieatre PAGE TWO
THE WESTERN CLARION VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY! JULY 13, 1912.
hie weh mon
Published every Saturday by the Socialist Party of Canada at the office of
the Western Clarion, Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Vancouver, B. C.
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SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1912.
IS HISTORY REPEATING ITSELF?
Prom the birth of the republic down
to the year 1860 the government of
the "United States was controlled by
the slaveholders of the Southern
States. From the time, quite early in
the century,, that the uprising capitalist industry of the Northern States
began to assume some proportions and
the possibilities of the future open up
before the delighted gaze of the then
small masters and capitalists, they
began to look with longing eyes upon
the machinery ot the government,
once in control of which they would
be able to brush aside such obstacles
as might tend to obstruct a full and
complete realization of the rich possibilities the future held in store for
them. This oncoming capitalist interest expressed itself in the various
state governments of the north, as
well as upon the floor of the National
Congress at Washington, and all
down through the first half of the
century the conflict ran fierce and
fast between the slaveholdlng class
of the south and the cpnitalist class
of the north. Down to about the middle of the century the warfare was
one of give and take, a matter of compromise, conciliation and reform, but
as the capitalists of the north became
stronger, and consequently, more confident, they became more and more
insistent in encroachments upon, and
curtailment of the powers of the
southern slaveholders. Their struggle
for full and final control of the federal power took shape about 1850, by
the advent of the Republican Party, a
political movement composed of the
remnants of the old Federal, Whig
and other parties that had preceded
It. This new party more clearly and
forcibly expressed the aspirations and
years have called for intelligent and:wanton slaughter of monkeys and
skilled labor of the highest type and other equally ferocious animals in an
under such circumstances and condi-1African, or any other, forest, is con-
tions as woud cause the workers, of ifessedly thereby so infamously treach-
their own volition to acquire this skill erous by nature as to preclude the
and expend their energies without possibility of any genuine manhood
stint in the great undertaking. Only and sincerity. A creature like that
workers who at least fancied them- can only fool those who are already
selves free from restraint or coercion | erilously near the condition of con-
could rise to the accomplishment ofetituttonal foolishness. A creature
this mighty task. That is why chattel Ike that might reasonably be ex-
slavery had to give way to the "free fleeted to stab his mother in the back
labor"  upon  which  the  structure  of If he thought his political, or other
THE   WORKERS   IN   HISTORY.
modern capitalism rests.
The  Democratic  Party  up   to   the
fortunes, might be furthered.
The Democratic Party is  today as
Civil war expressed the interest and dev°'<1 of Progressive purpose as the
aspirations of the chattel slave own- Republican, and for similar reasons
cis, of the South. As this slave-own-inelther has anything to offer that has
lng class could have neither interest .not a'ready been expressed In the
nor aspiration, beyond the mainten- Bl°San "stand Pat'"
ance of the peculiar institution of pro- Th-e Socialist Party, born of the
perty from which they sucked their economic needs of the Working Class,
substance, and as this "peculiar in- expresses the hopes and aspirations of
stitution" stood as an obstacle in [enslaved labor in its struggle to
the way of further Industrial progress |«»weep away the baneful rule of cap-
and uplift, its political expression be-|--al. the on'y obstacle in the way of
came an institution without mission further development and racial uplift,
or purpose and, consequently, at the Just as the capitalists a half century
point of death. Becoming enmeshed in jaS° Sained control of the organized
internecine quarrels and factional powers of the state so that they
fights It fell an easy victim to the | miS*t assume complete mastery of the
young  and  vigorous political  expres- fieItl ot weaU1- Production, so must the
sion of a young and  vigorous   economic interest in human society with a
workers of today act, and for the  same
purpose.    Under  the  banners  of its
mission   to  perform-a  program    to own Political movement-the Socialist
carry out—that was distinctly in line -movement—must the   working    class
with progress, and destined to lift the
capitalist class of the republic to its
present position of power and preeminence that Is the envy of the pro-
fltmongering cult throughout the
world.
The Democratic Party, as known
prior to the Civil war, died with that
holocaust of hell, which swept from
the stage of events the "peculiar institution (chattel slavery) of which it
was the political expression and tool.
It was born again, or rejuvenated as
it were, after the war only by responding to the needs and requirements of the newly dominant form of
property, i.e., Capital. It has since existed as a painted prostitute of capital,
a sort of a "poor relation" of Republicanism, often times used as a "goat"
upon which to saddle the sins of capitalism, which express themselves in
periods' of crisis and stagnation, and
which are as natural to this system
of property as are fleas to a dog.
A half century has passed since the
political triumph of capitalism over
chattel slavery by the blast of civil
war. With that political triumph
passed the sole and undisputed mastery of the nation's resources and
powers of production into the hands
of capital.  The half century has been
wrest the control of the state from
the hands of capital and then use its
powers without scruple or conscience
Ito effect the deliverance of labor from
the accursed bondage that makes of
the earth a shambles and the wage-
slaves existence little better than the
lingering agony of a living hell.
The Socialist Party, thus has a mission to perform—a program to carry out—that is in line with human
progress and uplift. That is why it
is continually forging ahead evermore
vigorous and stalwart. That is why
it is the only live political force in
human society today. That is why it
is as surely destined to conquer as
was the Republican Party in the days
when it had a mission vital to the
progress of the race.
The old parties, impotent and
moribund, are already in process of
dissolution. Whatever element may be
within their ranks that is really pro-
By Wilfrid  Gribble.
(Second Instalment.)
It ls quite evident that these tribes
in Papua, getting their living by the
use of rude hand tools, and thoBe
workers In- China with the wooden-
shared plough, must necessarily, get-
t'ng their living by more or less primitive tools, live in a more or less primitive society. A very little Btudy of
the matter will suffice to convince the
student that a people getting their living by rude hand tools will live under
a different form of society than people
like ourselves, who are getting our living, such aB It Is, and the living of others, It may bo added, by the use of the
most modern and efficient of machine
tools.
A very little further earnest unprejudiced study, will convince the student
that the people living in a more primitive farm of society than ourselves
must have different ideas than ourselves, that the more primitive the society the greater difference, in the
main, between our ideas and theirs.
Having got thus far, It Is but a step to
realize that, as all modifications of
ideas can be explained on a material
basis, so the origin of these ideas can
also be explained on the same basis,
and can only be explained in this
way.
This matter must be approached in
a spirit of intellectual fearlessness,
we must not evade any issue for policy's sake; we must make no excep.
tion; we have nothing to lose by making plain the facts and exposing whatever is false.
If by doing this we offend some, that
it not our fault, but their misfortune.
Notice the claim I have made, that'
the origin aud change of all ideas can
be explained on a material basis only.
This includes the origin and change
in religious ideas.
There is a numerous type of Socialist, so-called, diplomatic by nature,
who dodge this last issue, by saying
"Socialism has nothing to do with religion."
This is false. Socialism explains re-
igion as it explains all Idealoglcal phenomena.   •
Those who deny thiB are either honestly ignorant, or He and know they
LOCAL ROSSLAND, NO. 15, S. P. ef O,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m.    te. Campbell,  Organizer.
Will Jones, Secretary, Box 125.
Finnish   branch   meets  in   FInlanders'
HaU Sundays at 7:30 p.m.    A. Sebble,
Secretary, Box 54, Hossland, B.C.
gressive and  desirous of ridding so- jie;    they    can    take   their    choice,
ciety  of  the  many  evils  that    now'
curse its existence, and which, wheth
er they know it or not, are but the
outward evidences of the poison of
slavery that is rotting our boasted
civilizations to the core, these pro-
ressives or radicals, will eventually
e compelled to cast their lot with the
nslaved    working    class    in    whose
marked by the most rapid and sweep- hands alone rests the power t0 break
ing industrial development the world |the chains and free the 8,aves It
has ever known.    The power of pro- lfa the working c]ass a,one that pQS.
duction  has  been  so  increased  and
multiplied  that  the  possible  product
sesses an economic interest—that is
a material interest—that can be con-
needs of capitalist industry than its for any given period is almost beyond \ ei an(] n]a(]e secure by tne ending
predecessors and although its first two computation. The tentacles of capft- L, the rul(k of caplta, and U)e eman.
presidential campaigns brought but al have been spread to even the utter- cipation o{ the wage.slave. That is
meagre results in point of vote cast, most parts of the land. Every re- why ,t u the worlting class aIone that
the campaign of I860 brought victory source has been seized upon. Forests |can be depended upon to do the job
to  its  banners  by  the  election  of  a have  been   levelled  to  give  place  to I ,tg meml)era become wise to the
Republican President and a Congress the cultivated field. The desert has lfa'ctg apd conscioug of their co,iec.
in which the Republicans constituted heen reclaimed and made to blossom jtiye power
the majority. From that moment the' and bear fruit. Rich treasures have Ig tue sUuation ln the United States
supremacy of the slave masters of the,heen torn from the bosom of thelat present B,mi]ar t0 that obtalnlng
south was broken and their property earth. The landscape has been dotted |just prior to the electlon of Abraham
rights in human flesh doomed to ex- with village, town and city. Time and LincoIn? Are the -actlona- squabbles
tlnction. Although the final accomp- space have been annihillated by wlthin the old parties paving the way
lishment of this necessitated a war steam, steel and the electric current. fop the triumph of another young po.
that cost the lives of a million men Oceans are bridged and continents ]itica, giant in advance ot the tlme
and the destruction of billions of dol- rent asunder. And in spite of all these when such trillmph shollld be loglcal.
lars worth    of property    the wiping marvelous    achievements    the    great ,y expected?    If so will it be neces-
) mention this matter thus
early in -my talk In order to get you
thinking over the matter, so that you
will be more or less prepared for my
talk in this hall next Sunday, when
the subject will be "Socialism and Religion."
Understand I am here tonight to
nunciate and make plain .a principle.
The time at my disposal is not sufficient for me to go greatly into detail, it is for you to fill in details by
your own reading and study, and I
may say I shall be pleased at any
time to recommend books and give
personal help to individual students.
Now, when we realize that the present tools of production can be traced
back to the earliest tools, to their
primitive beginnings, we realize that
there was once a time when the ancestors of all the human race Including those in this hall, were rude, uncouth creatures, living an animal-like
existence—of course, we are living a
god-like existence today—getting their
living with their bare hands, living in
plenty when nature provided plenty,
going short when nature was niggardly, driven often to cannabalism by
need until It became quite right and
out of chattel slavery was made com- ""ass of the people—the great work-'Barry t0 conflrm  such a triumph by  proper by custom to eat the old and
plete  and   the   pathway   thus   swept ing .class-is an enslaved class sink- a  tremendous  sacrlnce of blood  and
clear of the chief obstacle in the way i"B ever   deeper  into   the   engulfing treaBUre,
of capitalist development and expan- quagmire of poverty and Its attendant
sion.'The result of the Civil war was miseries.    Capital  has    sucked    the
that capital came into possession of blood of Its wage-slaves—Its  free la-
its own; I. e. the complete control of borers  (sic.)—until Its huge and dls-
the Nation's resources and powers of gustlng bulk has become the one over-
wealth production. jshadowlng curse that rests upon hu-
The Republican victory of 1800 was man kind,
not won because a majority of votes I And what has capital to offer that
then cast were of that peculiar pollt- will farther advance the race along
leal faith, but because certain things the pathway of progress? Nothing!
happened within the political camp of Absolutely nothing. Open confession
the  opposing  forces  that  split them' of this has already been made by the
Into warring factions at the polls,;Republican Party, tho political ex-
thus enabling the Republicans to land pression of capitalism rampant and
the prize by a plurality vote. Faction- ' complete, by the adoption a few years
al strife In the Democratic camp only,since of the  slogan of  "stand  pat."
hastened tho Republican victory.   As If that is not open confession of a lack
Is history even now repeating Itself?
These are questions that time alone
can answer.
After a long and faithful service
to the capitalist class, Dick McBride
has got his reward. It's now up to
tho workers to give Sir Richard
something useful to do.
*   *   *
The Socialist party of China ls now
on a permanently organized basis
The hand of labor solidarity reachcth
round the globe. What a power for capitalism to reckon with!
Over two hundred Chicago newsboys
it was bound to come it was just as ot anything further to offer we would have been arrested on trumped-up
well that it came then as later on.     not recognize one if we should meet j charges since   the   newspaper   strike
The reason for the split In the Dem- it.
ocratic ranks above referred to is | - "Stand pat" is equivalent to the at-
probably not far to seek. Chattel tltude of the Democratic Party just
slavery became obsolete when a cer- prior to the Civil war, as already retain stage in the development of ln- ferred to. Upon the heels of this con-
dustry had been reached. However fesslon of impotence comes the in-
necesBary it may have previously been terual dissensions, and bickerings,
it could no longer answer the de- and the eventual split, that marks
mands of progress, once the primitive the history of moribund "Democracy"
and puny hand tool of production was a half century since. That the split
called upon to give way to the power- off from the parent body is proclaimed
driven mechanism of modern industry, progressive and led by the world-
The very nature of Southern Industry famed, blatant ass of American pol-
—principally the raising of cotton, Wcs, will arouse little else than de-
sugar and tobacco upon large planta- rision and scorn among those who
tlons and by the use of cheap, prim- have followed the career of this noisy
itive tools—made possible the survival and bombastic replica of Emperor
of chattel slavery for a considerable ."Bill" of Germany. A creature so cal-
period beyond the time of its abolition lous and brutal as to attempt—while
In the New England districts where Police Commissioner of New York
industry early took on the manufac- City—to arm the police with a spiked
turing or factory form, carried on by .club of such vicious design that the
what, is termed free labor. To raise;United States Patent Offlce refused to
human society to its present lofty grant a patent to the inventor
pinnacle of industrial achievement(thereof; or who would Bhoot a fleeing
could not be done by chattel slave la-j man In the back, as he boasts of hav-
bor.   The mighty achievements along | lng done during  the  Spanish Ameri-
started in that city some five weeks
since.
• •   *
Our cheap rate offer has been extended so as to give the 4000 comrades
who have not responded to our last
offer a chance to get the cash, or the
time to rustle up subs, at the low rate
of five three-month subs, for fifty
cents.
* *   *
Every one of the capitalist sheets
published in Canada are boosting for
the maintenance of a Canadian or
British navy. We as Socialists don't
want any navy, as we have no proper.
ty that needs protecting; and the
whole working class ls in the same
position—no property.
PRICE   LIST  OF  SUPPLIES.
helpless and consequently useless
members of the groups of this rude
period.
Ever driven by need, then, as we
are now, man was ever on the lookout
for a means of an easier and more
secure existence.
The desire for such, without doubt,
forced him to combine In groups,
The same desire caused these
groups to be enlarged.
In consequence of this association,
communication of ideas, rude as they
were, took place.
This was a great advance. Each
learned a little, a very little, by their
own experience, by association they
learned from each other, the longer
they associated the greater their
knowledge became until at last the
rude group drawn together by instinct
for mutual protection .had become a
tool-using community, with a well-defined language, well-defined customs,
and a well-defined standard of morals
based on the greatest material good
to the greatest number of the tribe
or community.
You Bee there were no classes in
this early form of society, classes
were unconcelved  and Inconceivable.
No one could possibly be as nonsensical as to speak of "standing in the
interests of all classes" in that early
time.
In this early period the economic interests of the members of any tribe
or community were truly one.
If there was plenty, all had plenty,
if food was scarce all shared alike;
when a time of plenty followed a period of starvation it was the rule for
the children to be the first to have
Socialist   Party  Dirtctory
dominion executive committee vancouvee Lettish local
Socialist Party of Canada, meets second   and   fourth   Monday.     Secretary,
Wm. Watts,  Labor Temple, Dunsmulr
St., Vanoouver, B.C.
BRITISH      COLUMBIA     PBOVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada, meets second and fourth
Mondays in month at Labor Temple,
Dunsmulr St., Wm. Watts, Secretary
AISE1TA   PROVINCIAL   EXBCUTIVE
Socialist Party of Canada, meets every alternate Tuesday, nt 429 Eighth
Ave. East. Burt E. Anderson, Secretary. Box 647. Calgary,	
SASKATCHEWAN PROVINCIAL EX-
ECUT1VE, S. T. ot C, invites all comrades residing In Saskatchewan to
communicate witli them on organization mntters Address D. McMillan.
222 Stadacona Street West, Moose Jaw.
Sask.
MANITOBA PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee: Notice—This card la In-
?.i'Aer?„ f?r the purpose of getting
YOU" Interested ln tho Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of tho Party; so If you are
desirous ot becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
Secretary, J. 1). Houston, 403 Furby
St..   Winnipeg.
MARITIME PBOVINCIAL BXBOUTITB
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sundays in the Cape Breton offlco of the
Party, Commercial Street, Glace aay,
N. S. Dan Cochrane, Secretary. Box
491, Glace Bay, *■,', S.
LOCAL VANCOUVEB, NO. 69, S. P. of O.
Headquarters, Room 200 Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir Street. Business meeting
every Friday in the month at 8 pm
Heading room open every day. Socialist and Labor papers of all countries
on lite.    Secretary, S. Lefeaux.
LOCAL   GREENWOOD,   B.   C,    VO.    S,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall. Greenwood.
Visiting Comrades invited to call. C.
Prlmerllc, Secretary.
LOOAL    FERNIE,   S.   P.   nf   n.,    T¥|*,t.ti
holds educational meetings in the
Miners Union Hall every Sunday at
i :30. Business meeting first Monday
In each month, 7:30 p. m. Economic
class every Sunday afternoon at 2:30.
H. Wllmer, secretary, Box 380.
LOOAL   MICKSL,   B.   0„  HO.
of        (*? hnlrlu rirnnaxinilii
of
ie, b. p.
every Sunday afternoon at 2:30 p.m. Tl
Crahan's Hall. A hearty Invitation ls
extended to all wage slaves within
reach of ua to attend our meetings.
Business meetings are held the flrsv'
and third Sundaya of each month at
10:30 a.m. in the same hall. Party
organizers take notice. A. S. Julian,
Secretary.
LOCAL   NELSON,   S.   P.   of   ©.,   MESTS
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. I. A. Austin,  Secretary.
LOOAL VEBNON, NO. 38, S. P. OP O	
Meets every Tuesday at 8 p. m„ in
Ii. O. L. Hall, Tronson St. W. H. Gil-
mour, Secretary.
LOOAL   REVELSTOKE,   B,   C,    HO.    7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdays
of each month. B. F. Gayman, Secretary	
LOCAL SANDON, B. C, HO. 38, S. P. OP
C. Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m
In tho Sandon Miners' Unlor Hall.
Communications to be addressed
Drawer K. Sandon, B. C.
LOOAL VICTORIA HO. 3, S. P. Of O	
Headquarters and reading room, 1319
Government St., Room 2, over Collts
ter's gun store. Business meeting every Tuesday, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting every Sunday, 8 p.m., at Crystal
Theatre.
LOCAL SOUTH PORT OEOROB, B.O,
No. 61, meets every Friday night al
8 p.m. In Public Library Room. Johs
Mclnnls, Secretary; Andrew Allan,
Organizer.
LOCAL   CUMBERLAND HO. VO S. P. of C.
Business meeting every Sunday, 10:30
a.m. Economic Class hold twice each
Thursday, 10:,10 a.m. (for afternoon
shift). 8 p.m. (for morning shift). Propaganda meeting every Sunday 3 p.m.
Headquarters: Socialist Hall, opposite
post office. Financial Secretary Themes Carney, Corresponding Secretary,
Joseph  .Xaylor.
5' f-o'C.—Business meeting every
first Sunday of the month and propaganda meeting every third Sunday.
Iree word for every body, at 612 Cor-
A*iv^-St,'kiet EttHt' 2 p- m-    Secretary,
LOCAL  VANCOUVER,   B.    O.,   HO/7
Finnish. Meets every second .....
fourth Thursdays in the month at 22S7
Main Street.    Secretary, Wm. Mynttl
and
"LOCAL VANCOUVEB Ho 1, 8. P. of O	
Business meeting every Tuesday evening at Headquarters, 213 Hastings St.
Last. J. A. Maedonald, secretary, 1724
Alberni St.
LOCAL     COLEMAH,     ALTA.',     NO.     t.
Miners' Hall and Opera House. Propaganda meetings at 8 p.m. on tha first
and third Sundays of tho month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
following propaganda meetings at I.
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alts.;
Secretary, Jas. Glendennlng, Box II,
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
information any day at Miners' Hall
Secretary, Wm. Orahnm, Box 63, Coleman, Alta.
LOCAL  EDMONTON,  ALTA, NO.  1,  ■.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St.
Business aud propaganda meetings
every Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our reading room is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally.
Secretary, J. A. S. Smith, G22 First St.;
Organizer,  W.   Stephenson.
LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA.,  NO. 4,  8. P.
of C.—Business   meeting every Saturday evening at S o'clock at  the headquarters.  429  Eighth   Ave.   East,  between   Third   nnd   Fourth  streets.
A. S. Julian, Secretary
LOOAL REOINA NO. 8, SASK., ,
every Sunday, Trades Hall, t p.m.
Business meeting, second Friday, I
p.m., Tradc-s Hall. B. Simmons, secretary, 1909 Garnet St., P.O. Box 1041.
LOCAL BRANDON, MAN., NO. 7, 8. V.
of C. Headquarters, No. 10 Nation
Block, Hossar Ave. Propaganda masting, Sunday at 8 p.m.; business masting, .second and fourth Mondays st I
p.m.; economic claas, Friday at I p.m.
Secretary, T. Mellalleu, 144 Third St.,
Brandon, Man.
LOOAL LETHBRIDO-E,  ALTA.,  HO.  IS,
S. P. of C. Meet* first and third 8un-
days ln the month, at 4 p.m., in
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chas. Peacock, Box 1983.
LOCAX MOOSBJAW, SASK., No. 1, 8. P.
OP C.—Propaganda meetings avary
Sunday, 7:30 p. m„ In tne Trades Hall.
Economic Class every Sunday, t p.m.
D. McMillan, Sec. Treas., South Hill
P. O., Sask.; A. Stewart, Orgsnlsar,
South Hill P. O., Sask. All slaves wsl-
com*.
LOCAL NO. 1, WINNIPEG}, XAHITOBA.
8. P. OP ft—Headquarters S*8V4 Main
Street. Winnipeg, room 2, next Dreamland Theatre. Business meeting every
Sunday morning, at 11; economic class
Wednesdays, at 8 p. m. Secretary's
address, 270 Young Street. Propaganda meeting every Sunday evening
ln Dreamland Theatre, Main Street, st
8 o'clock.    Discussion invited.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   HO   8,   8.   P.   OP   0.
Open air meetings during summer
months, corner McKenzie Avenue and
Rideau Street. Business meetings,
tlrst Sunday in month in the Labor
Hall, 219 Baqk Street, at 8:00 p.m.
Secretary, Sam Sturgess Horwlth, 18
Ivy Avenue N.E., Ottawa.    Phone 277.
LOOAL OLACE BAT, Ho. 1 OP MARITIME—Headquarters in Rukasln
Block. Commercial St. Open every
evening. Business and propaganda
meeting at headquarters every Thursday at 8 p. in. Alfred Nash, secretary,
Box 158; Harold G. Ross, organizer.
Box  fiOG,
LOCAL    SIDNEY    MINES    HO.    7,    Of
Nova Scotia.—Business and propaganda meetings every second Monday
at 7:30 In the S.  O.  B.  T. Hall back
of Town Hall,
tary, Box 344.
WilMam Allen, Secre-
UKBAINIAN SOCIALIST FEDERATION of tho S. P. of a, ls organized
for the purpose of educating the
Ukrafnenn workers to ttie revolutionary principles of this party. The
Ukranian Federation publish their own
weekly organ, "Nova Hromadu" (New
Society), at 443 Kintstlno Ave., Ed-
tnonton, Alta. English comrades desiring information re the Federation,
write lo J.  Senuk, Fin.  Secretary.
Due Stamps, each 10c
Platforms, English, per 100 25c it'"**!** needs attended to. Of course, we
Platforms, Foreign, per 100 50c civilized people have improved on this,
Due Cards, per 100 $1.00
Constitutions, each   5c
Receipt Books, each 10c
today the children, that is, the children of the working class, are usually
the first to suffer.
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegience to and support of the principles and program of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
slave. *
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of ttie reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling stream
of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation
of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective
or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating ins struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
program of the working elass, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property
in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills,
railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry by
the workers.
3. The es*-«blishm*nt, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of tho working class and aid tha workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, tha
Socialist Part yis absolutely opposed to it
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledget itself
to conduct all th public affairs placed ih its hands in such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
SUBSCRIPTION
CARDS
5   Yearlies - -
- $3.75
10 1-2 Yearlies -
-   4.00
20 Quarterlies -
-   4.00 SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1912.
THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
CORRESPONDENCE
ALBERTA   ORGANIZING   FUND.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE MEETING.
Monday, July 8, 1912.
Present, Comrades Kingsley, Mengel, Karme, and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
Correspondence from Alberta Executive Committee, for the en-
dorsatlon of the action of Local
Calgary, No. 4, in expelling P. J.
Ellis and W. H. Greenman for "objectionable conduct in the headquarters,
and the disturbance, when in an intoxicated condition, of meetings, to
such an extent that business could not
be carried on."
The Dominion secretary was instructed to inform Local Calgary No.
4 that the committee endorses the action of that Local In expelling said
members.
Correspondence from Alberta Executive Committee for the endorsation
of the action of the committee in permitting the comrades of Taber, Alta.,
to reorganize Taber Local under old
charter, which was issued April, 1908,
said Local having been defunct for
'some time.
The Dominion Executive   endorses
the action of the Alberta Executive in
permitting   the   comrades of   Taber,
Alta., to reorganize under old charter.
Financial report for June:
Balance on hand June 1 82.20
Local Ottawa, stamps   $5.00
Local Toronto, stamps   2.00
'Local Barons, buttons   4.80
'Local Montreal, supplies  '..    .50
Maritime Ex. Com., stamps  5.00
B. C. Ex. Com., stamps  8.00
C. McM. Smith, publishing fund..  1.00
Literature, etc  3.05
A. G. McCallum, org. fund   1.50
MARITIME
EXECUTIVE
TEE.
COMMIT.
Meeting held ln headquarters, June
25th.
Comrades present—Brodie in chair,
Nash, McKinnon and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved of as read.
Correspondence read from Dom. Ex.,
Comrade Keath, Gusboro Co. and Comrade Fillmore.
On motion, Comrade D. It. Fingley,
Albert, N. B., was admitted member
at large.
Some little discussion took place re
sending an organizer into Guysboro
Co. The question was left over until
we see Comrade Keath, who Is going
to visit Glace Bay In the near future.
Bill for card in Clarion for April,
May and June, ordered paid.
Receipts for May.
Fredericton Local, 46 due stamps $4.60
40 Membership cards 40
Newcastle Local, 30 due stamps 3.60
25  Membership cards 25
St. John Local, 40 due stamps,. 4.00
50 Membership cards 50
Glace Bay Local, 60 due stamps. 6.00
Four half-yearly' sub. cards   2.00
Previously acknowledged  $18.50
Local Markerville  ,    5.00
A. A. McNeill, Ersklne 55
Thos. C. Makeplece, Lacombe 25
C. Burge, Calgary  50
Geo.  Haag, Calgary  50
J. Lane, Calgary  25
B. Christenson, Calgary 25
Englekrant, Red Deer  25
Mrs. "A.", Red Deer  45
J. D. Walker Eureka Cal 25
John Lane, Calgary  25
Harold Conway, Calgary  50
Frank Hertzog, Calgary  25
A.  MacDonald, Calgary     1.25
Collection at meeting  55
A. E. Faulkner, Conjuring Creek 1.00
NECE8SARY  KNOWLEDGE.
$113.05
Warrants drawn for Chas. H. Kerr,
'literature, $3.20;   supplies, etc., $5.00;
| Clarion deficit, $47.05.
Adjournment.
WM. WATTS,
Secretary.
$21.35
Expenditure.
Dom. Executive, 100 due stamps.$5.00
Card in Clarion, Jan., Feb., Mar. 3.00
Clarion  subs, and bundles  5.10
Postage    60
$25.55
HOW THEY COME
$13.70
DAN  COCHRANE.
LOOKS GOOD TO GRIBBLE.
PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE MEETING.
Men-
Monday, July .8, 1912.
Present, Comrades   Kingsley,
I1 gel, Karme and the secretary.
Minutes of previous   meeting  read
|'and approved.
Financial report as follows:
Receipts.
| Balance on band June 1  76.60
' Local Kamloops, stamps $ 4.00
| Local langley, stamps     2.00
Local Victoria, stamps  10.00
$92.60
Warrants authorized for the follow-
1 lng sums:   To Dominion Executive for
due stamps, $8.00; for postage stamps,
',$1.00.
Adjournment.
WM. WATTS,
Secretary.
[ALBERTA   -PROVINCIAL    EXECUT
IVE COMMITTEE.
Meeting of the Executive held July
I 2, 1912, Comrades Burge, Read, Haag,
| Leona Anderson and the Secretary be-
[ing present. Correspondence was read
and dealt with from Locals Calgary,
Red Deer, Linda, Ersklne, Taber, and
Markervllle; also K. Kingston, Thos.
1 C. Makepeace and A. E. Faulkner.
A communication from the Acting
I Secretary of Local Calgary No. 4, relating to the expulsion of two of their
1 members, waB discussed, and the ac-
I tion of the Local was endorsed by the
1 Committee,  the   Secretary   being  instructed to adviBe Ihe Dominion Executive of   the   expulsion   and   the
I grounds therefore.
Adjourned.
Burt E. Anderson, Secretary.
Comrades—Congratulations on number of subs sent in the past week.
Does this Comrade more good than
he can express to see it.
Kinnear, of Toronto, is a gem, he
has broken all records. He has outclassed Gribble altogether. Damn
him, anyway, but here's to him keeping it up. and others emulating him.
Go to it, Comrades in the West see
if you can't lick that effete Easterner anyway.
Glad to see Cumberland has won the
prize. Keep it up you Cumberland
boys, see If you can't, as a Local, beat
Kinnear as an individual in number
of subs.
Am more proud of belonging to the
S. P. of C. than ever, and more confident of Its success than ever before,
Keep it up you fighters, and you who
have not yet fought seriously "Quit
yourselves like men and fight."
Your Comrade in Revolt,
WILFRID GRIBBLE.
OTHERS   TAKE   NOTICE.
B. C.
Most patriots talk as If It were necessary to hate some other country In
order to love your own.
SPECIAL
OFFERTO
READERS
Until further notice, we
will accept 3  Month's
Subs, in lots of 5 or more,
at the rate of
10c Each
<J Bush them in and thus, help
extend   the   circulation of the
Western Clarion
To the Western Clarion,
Labor Temple, Vancouver
Dear  Comrade,—
Please find enclosed order for $2.40
for 24 subs, gathered at a rousing propaganda meeting on Market Square
last Sunday by Comrades Gage, Armstrong and Hoop, in connection with
your 10c boosting offer.
A similar attempt will be made at
next Sunday's meeting.
Either the hot weather or the ex,
ceptional experience of comparative
rosperity has caused many of the
otherwise faithful to abstain from the
meetings, but sufficient of the spirits
of discontent can always be found to
preach the glorious gospel.
Trusting to follow this up with another list next week,
Yours for the Revolution,
S. GAGE.
NOTICE TO SECRETARIES.
Notice is hereby given that the mat-
tor of whether yourjocal Is In favor
of paying two dollars a month towards
lhe maintenance of organizers In the
Dominion shall be put beforo your Local at Its net business meeting and
the result forwarded to the Dominion
Executive Committee.
Secretaries are requested to see that
all accounts sent In from this office
are brought to the notice of the Local,
as we are In need of funds to carry
on the work of the party.
If you have any accounts not paid,
bring them to the notice of the local
again, as tho Dominion secretary has
other work to do besides sending ln
accounts every week.
We are still waiting for the quarterly report cards of at least forty locals.
Secretaries are notified that unless
the response for leaflets ls increased
we will have to cut them out in a Bhort
while. The demand has dropped to
10,000, and we have $143.80 owing us
for leaflets already sent out.
• Comrade A. G. McCallum sends ln
five dollars and fifty cents for the
maintenance fund, and promises five
dollars a month sooner than see the
mental food supply cut off.
• •   «
Now ls the time to Jump in and put
the slaves ln your town wise; ten
subs, for three months tor one dollar.
* *   *
The Socialist party wants workers
and  fighters;  if you  don't want to
Comrades you are breaking all records these days and some of the comrades who have stood by the Clarion
for the last nine years are feeling
jubilant these days. We want you to
keep it up and help put the Western
Clarion where it Bhould be, that is in
the hands of every working man in
your city or town. There are several
thousand subscribers not heard from
yet, we are anxiously waiting for
them to butt in and send the sub list
up to the 10,000 mark. Now, then, all
together for a bigger list next week.
Here are the boys that realize that
their help Is needed for the overthrow
ing of the capitalist system:
Winnipeg Propaganda meeting...
W. B. Bird, Regina, SaSsk	
M. J. Andruss, Big Valley, AAlta.
R. C. McCutchan, Winnipeg, Man.
John O'KeKefe, Jonesvllle, Sask.
A German Comrade, Domaine...
Jas. S. Johnstone, Athalmer, B.C.
J. Rolls, New Westminster, B.C.
W. E. Hardenburg, Red Deer, Alta.
J. Sidaway, Vancouver      8
W. Green, Toronto, Ont      7
W. K. Bryce Demalne Sask      7
J. C  Turner Victoria B. C	
Chas. McDonald, Steam Mills, N.S
H. Fox, Princeton, B. C	
A. R. Meek, Glenwood, B.C	
Gee Beagrle, Calgary, Alta	
Local Toronto, Ont	
A. Paterson, Winnipeg, Man      5
F. Stott, Victoria, B.C      4
J. E. McGregor, Crawford Bay..     3
Hattie Bone, Clayton, B. C      3
R. D. Hunter, Calgary, Alta       3
S. K. Read, Calgary, Alta      3
John Paterson, Vancouver	
Wm. McQuold, Edmonton, Alta..
E. Johnson, Beaver Point, B. C.
F. G. Hegge, Calgary, Alta	
Wm.  Nicholson,  Caledonia Mines
Wm.  Peterson,  St. Johns,  N.B      2
Moses Baritz, Manchester, Eng      2
Singles.
J. N. Hintsa, Gibson'a Landing; W.
Osterburg, City; C. Steen, City; V.
Sleuter, South Hiii, B. C; J. Churgin,
Calgary; J. C. Carritt, Bentley, Alta.;
J. Nelson, Markerville; J. Young,
Sandstone, Alta.; D. A. Maclean, Calgary; D. McDonald, Kinnondale; J. T.
Paterson, Excel, Alta.; J. Watson,
Winnipeg; .1. Smart Winnipeg; A.
Stewart, Moose Jaw; H. T. Bastable,
Brandon; H. Fulcher, Brandon; H.
Baron, Winnipeg; T. W. Adshead,
Toronto; Harry Barnet, Toronto;
Cecil Homer, Brantford; Alex Leckie,
Ottawa; H. G. Ross, Glace Bay; W.
Yates, Lawrence, Mass.
Bundles.
Chas. McDonald, Steam Mills, N.S.,
5; Tom Ofsthum, Radway Centre,
Alta., 5.
The Manifesto of the Socialist Party of Canada is as choice a piece of
literature as we have. It should be
carefully studied by everyone who is
a slave to the rule of capital, but more
especially by the Comrades, as lt will
enable them to more effectively present our propaganda to the non-Socialist, and the more they study it the
more it will be spread.
From that Manifesto we learn that
the capitalist class had humble beginnings. That while It la true lt was
In its infancy, part of feudal society,
yet it was apart from it in the sense
that the capitalists were neither serfs
nor noblemen, but merely a species
of lackeys to the nobility. They furnished the nobility with clothing, vehicles, armor and many other things.
The nobility being in power, legislated
regulating price, uality and texture of
goods, also restricting the markets.
Naturally these regulations and restrictions were not to the liking of the
then budding capitalists, but it was
with them then as It is with us now,
it was not what they liked best that
they got most of. At that time all the
wise men, popes, philosophers and
statesmen, believed that this earth
was stationary and that the sun, moon
and stars moved around It We know
now that that conception of the universe is false, but false as it was, it
was good enough for the time. It fit
in with the then method ot producing
CHILD LABOR IN THE 3TATE8
By Winnie Branstetter
Yes, we have child labor even in
sunny Oklahoma, ln spite of our radical constitution and our compulsory
education law.
All the forces of progress of organ
ized labor and philanthropy have not
been sufficient to protect the childhood
of Oklahoma from the greed of the
landlord and the banker.
Oklahoma ls a cotton raising state.
Seventy-five per cent of the cotton ls
raised on rented land, the rent paid to
the landlord by the tenant being one-
third of the crop.
After paying the landlord and the
merchant the farmer has nothing left
to pay for help on the farm. It follows
naturally that only farmers with at
least four children can afford to raise
cotton. So we have a condition in Ok
lahoma bordering on feudalism, where
the entire-family, father, mother and
children, ls forced to work In the field
In order to produce the barest necessities of life.
The cotton is planted in the early
spring. When the young plant is about
three inches high, the hard labor begins. From that time until early winter all hands must work diligently;
in the spring and summer keeping the
field free from weeds and from surplus plants. In the fall the whole family joins in gathering the harvest. As
the entire crop does not ripen at one
time, the field must be covered three
and sometimes four times if the full
pace three:
a.
WOMAN, AGAIN
wealth, for wealth at that time was' croD iB to be garnered,
largely for use, not for sale or pro-' Tne young plant grows very dense,
fit, as it is tolay. It was produced for the leaves being covered with a kind
the use of the nobility and the serfs, j of fuzz wnich nold8 the moisture for
particularly the former. If that meth-'many nours. even in the hot summer
od of production could have remained sun-     This   moisture,   while   adding
Victoria stairts for the top again this
week; New Westminster goes up a little; Reglna makes a dash half way
up the list; Bellevue gets on the Hat,
and St. Catherines climbs a few
notches.
This ls how they stand:—
Vancouver, B. C     1
Winnipeg, Man    2
Toronto, Ontario   3
Calgary, Alberta   4
Victoria,  B.  C      6
Edmonton, Alta       6
Cumberland, B. C     7
Moose Jaw, Sask     8
Fernle, B. C     9
New Westminster, B. C     10
Reglna,  Sask     11
Montreal, Que.       12
Brandon, Man     13
St.  Catherines,  Ont     14
Nelson, B. C     15
Glace Bay, Nova Scotia  .16
Ottawa, Ont     17
Bellevue, Alta     18
South Hill, Sask  19
South Fort George, B. C     20
The workers must legislate capitalist property into the collective property of the working class.
»   •   »
Fifty   American   bluejackets   have
been used as strike-breakers in   the
firemen's strike in New York.
tat
Comrade Joe Watson sails ln with
one dollar towards the Clarion maintenance fund.
•   •   •
We want 1000 comrades to renew
we would still have that false conception of the universe, but fortunately for the human family generally,
perhaps unfortunately for the feudal
nobility, that method of producing
wealth could not remain. The serf's
power over nature kept ever Increasing, enabling them to produce an
ever increasing quantity of wealth.
The difference between what the
serfs could produce and what they required to enable them to continue to
produce, could not be consumed by
tho nobility. So they began to barter
some of it with neighbor masters of
other lands, so that they might get
goods that their own slaves could not
produce. This gave a new lease of
life to our then budding capitalists.
They were called upon to take the
goods abroad and bring back the barter. This created a demand for better methods of navigation, which, up
to that time had been very crude,
causing great risk to property and
life.
Conditions always produce the men.
There came forth one great discoverer, then others, with instruments that
enabled them to peer into space farther Ihan they could with the naked
eye, anl they discovered that the
earth was not stationary but in motion, and that instead of the sun moving around the earth, it was lhe earth
that was moving around the sun. Naturally theBe discoveries were not to
the liking of the feudal nobility It undermined all their beautiful theories,
as well as the social system that enabled them to live in the lap of luxury. So they tried to stop these discoveries by burning the discoverers
at the stake. But Ihey were too late.
Already sufficient knowledge had heen
attained to bring about the discovery
of this continent, also the short route
greatly to the productiveness of the
plant, acts as an impediment and inconvenience to the children and women working in the fields; their clothing becoming drenched and bedraggled
with the dew and dust adds greatly to
the burden of the heavy cotton sack
which is used as a recptacle for the
cotton they are picking.
I have seen a mother and five children working side by side from early
morning until evening, with the Oklahoma sun beating down on their bowed
heads and shoulders, the father stooped with misery and work, the mother
frequently heavy with the burden of
an unborn child, the babies, little child
workers from five years upward, their
weazened bodies staggering under the
burden of soft, white cotton.
TheBe children, although they are
j out in the sunlight and air, seldom
smile or play. Life to them is a never
ending round of cotton chopping and
cotton picking, with three months of
school throkn in for recreation.
I have seen a mother fall asleep under the blinding sun as she suckled
her babe at the end of the field. I have
seen the little one lay sleeping for
hours, protected only by the shifting
shade of the cotton plant, the prey of
insect and reptile.
The child who Is too young to pick
cotton is dragged on the sack by the
mother or older children, or toddles
about the field all day, falling asleep
whenever and wherever fatigue overcomes him.
lauded for our excellent system
throughout the.United States, we have
a school building every three miles,
but for nine months each year our
compulsory education law says that
these Bchools may remained closed In
order that the children may work in
the cotton fields.
ThlB   law  provides  that  thc  child
to the Orient. All of which Increased must attend at least three months'j
the trade, also lhe wealth, and there-1 school each year, unless other means j
fore, tho power of the uprising caplt- 0f education are provided, bo In the
allsts, which finally enabled them to cotton raising districts we have a three I
break the restrict Ions of feudal bocI- school  In  the dead of  winter,  when
there Is no cotton to pick, and when
the weather Is frequently bo had as to
render continual attendance  Impossl-
ely and climb Into the saddle of power. We aro told by (hose who claim
to be familiar with hiB writings, that
Hegel,  thc   Gentian   philosopher,   said   hie.
not matter If your sub. don't run out
for six months.    We will extend lt
work, get out o fthe movement, your| from the date It expires.   Do lt now;
ho "found the world stundlng on its
head, ln the sense of the Idea." That
ls to say, the conception that folks
have of things are generally the re-
verso of the facts. Hut It was not
within Hegel's power to turn the Idea
right end up. Ho could not go beyond the economic data of bis time,
but some of his students, Karl Marx,
Frederick Engels and Joseph Dietzgen, went a great, deal further than
their tutor, and turned the idea right
end up by making three great discoveries: the materialist conception of
history, the labor theory of value, and
the class struggle. And just as a
correct conception of the universe
meant death to feudal society, and
life to the uprising capitalists, so a
general knowledge of these three discoveries means death to capitalist society and life to the uprising proletariat. And Just as the feudal nobility
would not allow the correct conception of the universe to be taught in
their church, or any other place where
they could prevent It, so the capitalist
class will not allow the materialist
conception of history, the labor theory
of value, or the class struggle, to be
taught in any of tbelr Institutions
And just, as the uprising capitalists
had to secretly and otherwise spread
the knowledge that meant life to
theii subscriptions right away.    Does them, so the uprising proletariat must
(secretly where necessary) spread the
knowledge of these three great discoveries that mean so much to them
Watching these children at an occasional barbeque or picnic, their formB
so dwarfed and stooped, their faces
bo lacking In joy and  laughter, their
One of the first qualifications    te..
writing upon a subject   is   to   know:
something about !t    For this reason-,,
if for no other, I am going to split
the Ink of Ignorance a'l over this pages.
The editor wlll < ' course, have the
last say about youi    seeing   lt,   but.
then, that is the fun. .Ion of these pe-
cullar  creatures.      A  divine  providence has no doubt t ilwd them up to>
stand as a buffer, as it were, between,
the public and those gems of thought
the  "writing  fiend"   would   pour  alt
over the long-suffering reader.
There is nothing against this method of gaining fame; indeed, a great
deal of precedent has been established on this point, notwithstanding the..
afore-mentioned axiom. The "woman
question" is particular game for the
writer Imp. When in doubt say something about woman. She haB been
the subject of more discussion than
enough. Since Adam lost his spare
rib men have not rested in tedious
explanation of how this came about:
Such discussion. On woman's de- -
voted head haB been poured out more
gush, more snivelling rant, than on
any other subject. It becomes painful
to read the enlightened "bunk" spilled
by those who should know better.
One cannot escape the conclusion
that those who take upon themselves
the task of discussing the relation ot
Woman to the Socialist movement
either have a fearful grouch, or a
silly softness for them
Take Blatchford, for Instance. Ha
holds us males up to scorn; women-
are Infinitely better than we are. We
had no idea that we were so evil before. But woman; Blessed Goddess,
we salute you; to you we bow the
knee. Pure, holy, sanctified, delicious,
warm, courageous, loving, beautiful,
and never ill-tempered. Mother of us.
all we feel mighty small beside you.
But, oh! Blatchford, are they really
like that? The moving pictures then
are taken from real life after all?
Now turn to Bax; here Is the reverse
of the picture indeed. Woman, thou-
viper, we hate you. THOU SERPENT
avast there; away destroyer of our
peace; disrupter of all bliss, get thee
gone. Bebel does a poor weak beBt to
appear even-minded, but has it in for
we poor men all the same. Thus far
they are all men, and ;t you are at all
superstltiouB, you may attach some
Importance to the fact that all the initial letter of theBe leading lights is
B
We shall not suggest, and indeed,
it would be unkind, not to say impertinent, for bo young a cub to think
that the "B" Is not only In their
names but ln their bonnets as well,
when they stretch themselves on their
favorite  topic. ,
So far also they are all men, but
here is a woman—and a "U" in the
bargain,   Estelle Baker, to wit.
"The Rose Door" is a charming
story, but Estelle. would you kindly
explain why all the men In your book
are patrons of the had places by instinct, while all lhe women (dear,
pure things), are there through the
cruelty of the man?
The only male in the book who Is
not a brute Is a fool, a lad languishing
ln the throes of early calf love.
Oh, Estelle, do we deserve this of
you?
There you are; If man Is not a
wrecker of homes he ls a soft-headed
saint'.
All these mentioned in this screed
are well posted Socialists who understand the economic basis of life.
What moonbeams are they chasing?
Then there Is the woman writer
who spends her time writing about
man anil his Inferiority to woman.
They fling history ami biology at us
to prove their contention.
What ihc.v say may be true, we are
not going to deny It on any grounds;
we are not even getting Indignant
aboul It.   Who cares; do you?
Then our woman suffrage friends
bother us about   their  particular fad,
eyes so solemn and hungry for natural  There  now,  don't   gel   Indignant,  you
child life, r have asked myself again
and again, what can life mean to a
mother under such cursed conditions?
Is It possible to arouse a spirit of rebellion in bodies so tired and passive?
But my answer comes In the increased membership of the Soelaliat
Party, ln the Increased activity of women In tho unions and in the pnrty, In
the increased class conscious working
class vote at each election and In the
organization of tenants' unions through
out the state.—The Progressive Woman.
Owing to the productiveness of the
machine, thousands are thrown out of
work every little while. Under a sane
system the machine wlll enable every
man to get the best of everything, and
it will only be necessary to work an
hour or two every day. Nobody will
bo refused work, as the more there
are taking part In .production the
shorter will be the time necessary for
every ono to work. That Ib where the
army, navy, police, lawyers, preachers
and politicians will be a benefit to humanity for once In their lives.
ment Is the only school that teaches
tho materialist conception of history,
the  labor  theory  of  value  and  the
feminist.      We   fully   understand   the
ground of your "Hug."
We do nol woman in the Socialist Party AS WOMAN. WH ARE
SLAVES, MALI: AND FEMALE, ANIMATED PACKAGES OF LABOR
POWER BOUGHT AND SOLD IN
THE MARKET AS SUCH OUR
MASTERS DO NOT CONSIDER US
IN THE LIGHT OF FLESH AND
BLOOD, BUT AS "THINGS" ON
THE MARKET.
On the slave basis then we must
fight. As men we are ready to take
you to our arms any time that you
happen along. This we cannot help,
being men. But as slaves, for goodness sake forget lt for a while, you
who snivel over women. As women
we suppose you reciprocate our feelings on the sex basis, but as slaves let
us work together for our emancipation. It Is education that counts, not
votes only. As voters we suppose
the women would slzo up with tho
men If they had a vote. It Is a question of getting wise and when this Is
done thc "woman question," which is
an off-shoot of the slave question,
wlll straighten Itself out ot Itself.
ALF. HI'DDEN.
Ten subs for three months, one dol- PAGE FOUR
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1912.
MACHINERY
AND
LABOR
Leaflet No. Fourteen.
One of the characteristics of the wage worker is that when
he has a full stomach, he seldom stops to think whether or no
he will always have the means whereby to fill it.
Does thc average worker know that the productive power
of labor applied to machinery is on the increase? That labor-
saving machinery is continually being invented and improved
upon ?
Docs he ever stop to wonder why it is that with all the
up-to-date machinery, steam engines, motors, telegraphs, etc.,
that the working class, as a class, are no better off than their
ancestors of one hundred and fifty years ago?
The wage worker thinks he is better off because civilization has reached a higher plane, and because his master, through
the press, pulpit, school, etc., tell him so. Behold! say the masters, we have electric light, where previously we had candles,
we have luxurious Pullman cars in place of stage coaches and
miserable roads, we have swell autos and fine houses, we can
travel and visit all the beauty spots of the earth. Tea, verily,
we are better off.
Of course, THEY are, but the wage worker has no electric
light, nor does he travel by the Pullman route. His auto is a
. second-hand wheel, and his house a shack. Why, not one wage
earner in fifty lives in a modern house and the few that do are
scratching all their time to keep up their payments on the loan.
And when the wage earner travels it is not for the benefit of his
health, nor to see beautiful scenery, but in search of a job. And
while on the way he travels, not on the luxurious Pullman, but
very often on the rods or on the blind baggage,
No, the condition of wage earners is no better than that of
the workers before the advent of steam. You have heard of
"Merrie England." You have heard your grandfather talk of
the "good old times." History tells us the workers that lived
during the transition period did not care for the change. It
took many police and many soldiers to hold them down, and
even then they smashed the machines, burned the factories, etc.
Do you think that if they had had a ballot that they would
would have voted for the system that they hated? Not on vour
life; they were MEN.
The working men of one hundred years ago smashed,
burned and buried the machine that was doing their work. AVe
know better now; we know that the machine does not get the
profit that is derived by displacing workers; we know that the
OWNER OF THE MACHINE gets It. So if we wish to benefit
ourselves, we must own the machine.
Is machinery still displacing labor?   Yes.
Will the condition of the worker be made worse thereby?
Yes.
Proof? You have no doubt watched the digging machine
at work digging telephone, gas and steam-heat mains. With
the aid of four men this machine digs about one-half mile of
trench, five feet deep, per day, doing the work of 150 men.
There is an example of labor displaced, and many men thrown
out on the labor market to compete with you.
Take also the C.P.R. trains. With the advent of the "2600"
class of engine a few years ago, the C.P.R. were able to haul as
much freight with two trains where previously it took three;
one train crew competing with the others for a job!
Or ask any of your friends that work on the C.P.R. repair
track, about the new steel frame freight cars. They will tell
you that they want little or no repairing in comparison with
the old wooden ones:   More carmen looking for work.
The only possible solution is to own the jobs. That is Socialism, and you need it.
We take it for granted that you are human, and have
human feelings and aspirations. We believe that you would
like a good home, good clothes, good food; would like to be able
to educate your children well, and above all, would like to be
sure of a job. We know that you have these thoughts, because
we have them surselves. We also know that you think that
you nre not entitled to them, because you have been taught
that such things are not good for you and your kind.
We wish to disagree with the ideas imparted to you from
the master class, because they are wrong. You are entitled
to the good things of this world. The workers of the world
have produced all the good things of this world aud are entitled
to them all. Labor produces all wealth, and what can be more
right than that the producers should own it all? At present
they own practically none.
Go wherever you will, and you will find the workers living
in miserable shacks, wearing shoddy clothes, and eating adulterated food. On the other hand, we find that those that do not
work have good homes, good clothes and good food. Evidently
the secret of success is not work, but in the ownership of the
means of wealth production. Knowing this to be so; the Socialist Party wishes you to understand its platform.
Society, ever since the dissolution of the primitive tribal
communities, has consisted of two classes. The one class that
owned the means of wealth production; the other class, that
owned nothing but their power to labor. The benefits of all
property goes to the owners.
Consequently those that owned the means of production in
evory si age of society have reaped all the benefits. The non-
owners in order to live, have hnd to sell their only commodity,
labor power. Like all commodities, its price is goverencd by
supply and demand, subject only to its cost of production. Being a perishable commodity, it must be sold.
In ull stages of society there have been more workers than
owners, consequently the supply has exceeded the demand, and
the workers' commodity has been forced down to its lowest
price, namely, the cost of its production, which is the amount
necessary for the worker to keep alive and leave somebody
to work after he is worn out working for the master class.
In all stages of society the owner has been master and the
worker a slave. The forms have changed, but the principle is
there just the same.
The present system, wage slavery, is the most perfect form
of slavery that ever existed. In the chattel form of slavery
the owner had to buy his slave and after buying him had to
provide him with food and clothing, and shelter, both in busy
times and slack times; if sick, the master cared for him, because he had a property interest in him. In the present system,
the master does not pay a large sum for his slave (but rather
the sluvc through the employment agent, buys a master), but
just buys him from day to day as he needs him, and only gives
him what he gave his chattle slave (after paying a large sum
for him) food, clothing and shelter. In slack times instead of
feeding you, the master just doesn't buy you any more, and it's
the soup kitchen for yours.
Your power to produce has increased one hundred fold, but
you receive no more for your product than did the chattle slave,
the owners of the means of production getting^the benefit which
is only right, because when you are sufficiently intelligent to be
entitled to the product you will have sense enough to own the
means of production yourself.
Believing that all the ills present in society today arise
from economic causes, due to the ownership of the means of production by one class and their operation by another class, and
that no amount of reform will benefit the working class while
this baneful ownership continues, the Socialist Party purposes
to secure for the working class the ownership of the means of
wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, mines,
THE  FRENCH   REVOLUTION.
(Continued from page one)
among the deputies were the lawyers.
There were about 150 persons holding
various places in the judicial system,
and upwards of 210 barristers, notaries
and other members of the legal profession. More than half of the deputies of the Third Estate were therefore lawyers, who represented as a
rule not the conservation of the Parle-
ments, but the angry discontent of the
middle class."   (Vol. viil., page 133.)
Now we see that factor In the Assembly. The legal profession knew
well that its interest would be best
served by having Its own class ln political control. More briefs would be
forthcoming. As he who pays the piper
calls the tune, so did the legal sharks
dance to the music of the bourgeoisie.
The latter did not care a single brass
button whether there was a King or
not, as long as they had the political
power; for proof of which we need
but scan the article on France ln the
"Encyclopaedia Britannica,55 11th edition (1910), where, on page 853, the
writer points out that the "Third
Estate wanted civil liberty above all;
political liberty came second only, as
a means and guarantee for the former.
They wanted the abolition of the Feudal system; the establishment in
equality and a share in power."
Most writers of importance now admit that if the King and his supporters would have consented to those demands there would have been no such
scenes as were witnessed during the
time following.
The middle class wanted power, power, power. If not by peaceful means,
then by blood. But peaceful means
flrst. The last sentence in the paragraph just quoted adinits this contention.
Let us now turn for a moment to
the composition of the States General
to see whether any lesson can be derived from it. For when we remember
that certain noblemen assisted in the
change of the constitution, we must
see what actuated them. On certain
occasions in history, when one faction
knows that a rising element will be
victorious, members of the former
throw in their lot with the latter in
order to obtain prestige, aggrandisement, and also emolument. It is clearly Illustrated by the action of the Marquis Lafayette and the Comte de Mira-
beau. The "orator" Mirabeau was as
debased in principle as his early youth
was riotous In living and Immorality.
He had a fine sounding voice and could
spellbind an audience, but his despicable conduct, his trickery, so shameless because of its secrecy, has been
fully admitted, for he, the man who
stood for the people, the man who
told the King's representatives that
the States General would only finish
"at the point of the bayonet," that
man was in direct association and collusion with the King and was willing
to "guide and control the Revolution"
for money! He wanted to be the
king's chief minister but he was turned down. Well has he been termed the
"Boulanger of the French Revolution."
The Marquis Lafayette was just another sample of individual prepared to
sacrifice every principle in order to get
the highest station in the land. His
quarrel with Mirabeau, his cowardice
in fearing to face a charge of treachery and his flight, are all evidences
which go to prove the attitude he was
in of trying to boss the situation by
getting the favor of the king and
queen. After the opening of the States
General on May 5, 1789, it was Lafayette who moved a resolution among
the nobles that they should unify with
the Third Estate but it was very heavily defeated. He was anxious to hobble the States General ln the interest
of aristocracy and on that work he was
well assisted by Mirabeau.
On the 20th day of June the king
closed the hall where the assembly
had been meeting and the deputies
went to a genius court, where a resolution was passed ln which they swore
not to "separate until the constitution
had been established." Two days after
the clergy who refused to sit with the
representatives of "the people" took
their places side by side with them.
So the quarrel went on until the 11th
of July, when the king dismissed Neck-
ar. This inflamed the workers, but
just suited the bourgeoisie. One of their
number, Camille Desmonllus, a college
chum of Robespierre, a young barrister
out of work, whose education was paid
for by one of his relatives, a rich barrister. The enraged mob goaded to action by his eloquence soon made short
work in capturing the Bastille.
From July 14th, 1789, until the suppression of the conspiracy of Babeonf,
May 10th, 1796, all actions, all orders
were at the bidding of the middle class
and the workers were starved, mutilated and sacrificed in blood, flrst for the
Jacobin, then for the Girondists, who
both when out of power attacked the
other for its attitude towards the workers.
The middle class of France stopped
at nothing in order to gain its end.
They made the-streets of France generally run with blood but Paris in particular. Poets, artists, literateres were
food for the hellishly bloodthirsty bour-
geosie. Aged, young, infirm, healthy
and diseased were all taken and massacred ln cold blood to the shouts of
"Liberty, Equality and Fraternity."
What for? Just to finally stamp the
middle class with the hallmark of
emancipation.
The French Revolution was a success. It has shown that those who secure the control of the legislature determine how it is to be used. If capitalist authorities such as quoted in
this article see that lt was the control
of the political machinery that the
middle class desired, we too should
note lt. Our class has yet to be freed
and the way lies by the workers traveling on the road of Political Action.
There Is more to be learnt from the
French Revolution. This can well be
left for another occasion. The control
of the political machine freed the bourgeoisie in France from aristocratic
dominence. The control of the same
by the working class will bring happiness and contentment to all.
May it be soon.
MOSES BARITZ.
SHAKE   YOUR   DRY   BONES.
The Socialist Party of Canada appears to be passing through a period
of stagnation. What the direct cause
of this is is dlBoult to say, but it cannot be allowed to continue thus!
Conditions all over the Dominion
are forcing constantly increasing numbers of the wage workerB to seek the
true cause of their poverty, and uncertainty of obtaining worlc, even in
this, to many, the "Promised Land."
The only way they can get at the
true facts is through "SOCIALIST
PROPAGANDA  and  LITERATURE."
The S. P. of C. was formed for this
purpose, and has done much good
work in the past, but the field is ever
widening, as capitalism is grinding
the workers down, and making them
ripe for revolution, and it is the DUTY of every Socialist ln the Dominion,
as in all other parts of the world, to
do their utmost to help educate the
ignorant, and not to leave this great
work to a few Comrades.
All over the Dominion NEW GOOD
LIVE LOCALS should be formed,
where they do not already exist, and
propaganda meetings should be regularly held, where the WESTERN
CLARION and good books and pamphlets should be sold, and leaflets distributed, and the present Locals must
wake up, and be doing or get now
blood into them for this purpose.
If this system is ever to be wiped
out, we ourselves must do it; we cannot expect our masters to do it for
us!
Through the apathy of most of the
Comrades and Locals, your Provincial
and Dominion Executives have been
able to do far less than If they had
had the live and effective backing of
the Locals and members of the Party.
You know how matters Btand with
the Western Clarion. This paper is
of vital consequence, and its death
would be a sad blow to the movement
here; furthermore, the Dominion Executive has Issued a number of good
pamphlets ior distribution, and desires
to continue to do so.
Organizers must also be' put in the
field all over the Dominion, and kept
there to spread the Socialist doctrines
and form new Locals where possible
and all tbis necessitates your help financially and otherwise. It is up to
every Local to start collecting for an
Organizers' Fund, and to remit the
money so collected to the Dominion
Executive, and the funds coming from
the different provinces will be used for
organizers in those provinces.
A plan Is on foot to commence with
a tour through British Columbia and
Alberta, and the work will be pushed
as rapidly as the Ixieals in these provinces show their Interest in a financial way.
Without your active support the Dominion Executive, as also the various
Provincial Executives, are practically
powerless; so dig into your pockets
and show that there ls grit and determination in you, and the Executive
Committees will Bhow results.
SOCIALIST WOMAN'8 PAPER.
"The Progressive Woman" for July
is a special Child Labor number, and
contains interesting articles and pictures on this vital question.
"The Progressive Woman" is the
only English woman's paper in America which carries the message of Socialism to women, and urges them to
become a part of this great movement.
The growth of the woman question the
world over has developed many reform
papers for women, but only one Socialist paper as yet.
Many leading Socialist writers are
contributors to "The Progressive Woman," among them Eugene V. Debs,
Anna A. Maley, John Spargo, Joseph
Cohen, May Wood-Simons, and others.
Caroline A. Ix-we, general correspondent of the Woman's National Committee, furnishes a program for entertainments at locals each month. Floyd
Dell, one of Chicago's ablest literary
critics, contributes a page of delightful
book reviews. George Cram Cook, author of "The Chasm," is a contributor.
There are always pictures and cartoons by clever artists. Subscription
price, 50 cents a year.
At a recent meeting of tbe Woman's
National Committee it was decided to
assist The Progressive Woman in
forming a stock company, to be incorporated at $10,000, each Bhare of stock
selling for $10. With the sale of each
share of stock $10 worth of subscription cards is given.
Those interested ln buying stock or
in pushing the only Socialist woman's
paper, address The Progressive Woman Publishing Co., IU N. Market St.,
Chicago, 111.
PRICES OF BEEF BREAK RECORDS
New York, June 2(J.—Beef is selling
at a higher price today than at any
time since the Civil war, and the end
is not in sight. Even the most optimistic dealers say that it will be six or
eight months before there is an appreciable reduction, and, meanwhile, the
cost will soar even higher than it is at
present. The retail dealers say they
are making barely their expenses and
the wholesalers say they are losing
money, in some cases. All sides
blame the high cost of beef on the
farmer and on the consumer.
A tour through Washington market
today revealed that price in almost
all grades of meat have increased
from 2 to 5 cents a pound over last
week's prices. Record prices prevail
everywhere in the meat trade. Live
steers in the stock yards bring 9 3-4
cents a pound, the highest price for
beef on the hoof within the recollection of the oldest *butcher.
If you were satisfied with the present system you would not be reading
the Western Clarion; and if that is so,
it's about time you realized that only
by the individual effort of lis all can
we bring about the change necessary
for the emancipation from wage
slavery.
•   a   *
He that owns that which I must
have access to ln order to live, owns
me. You helped build the factories,
railroads, etc.; you produce all food,
clothing and shelter, and you vote the
ownership of lt all to the capitalist
class. When aire you going to quit
voting for your slavery?
railroads, etc.) in order that the producers may become owners
of their own product.
These things are private property no longer. They are the
collective property of a class. Individualism is a thing of the
past. We no longer produc individually, but collectively. Collectively as a class we are enslaved, aud robbed of cur product.
Our freedom nMt»WDV UMWHtt'*^***^*'*^*-'1 collectively
we must fight pmgitt it., ■ •• ■,■: .-■■■■ .'■MHJMPFULCHER.
:■   .: ■■   ■:   ''..     ■.   '. ■    . .■'   '■',
Of course you don't want Socialism
and the full social value of your toil.
You want capitalism, that you can give
the greater part of what you produce
to the idle rich. That's why you light
the Socialists. But you don't know it
yet
• *   *
Don't forget that owing to the extra
postage we cannot include foreign
countries, the United States, or the
city of Vancouver in our cheap rate
offer.
• *   ♦
If you have a job it ls to your interest to get as much for your commodity (labor power) as possible, and
it is to the interest of the boss to
give you as little as possible and make
you produce as much as possible.
Therefore there is no identity of interests between the worker and
master.
• •   *
Quite a few Comrades have took
advantage of the cheap sub-card rate.
Why don't you do the same and thereby make a meal ticket out of them.
F. PERRY
TAILOR
Removed from 58 Hornby St. to
LABOR TEMPLE.
A Good Place to Eat at
Mulcahy's
Cafeteria
137 Cordova Street West
The best of Everything
properly cooked
ATENTS
In all Countries. Ask for our Inventor's Adviser. Marion ft Marion,
364 University Street, corner St. Catherine Street, Montreal, and Washington D. O., U. S. A.
The best and cheapest
WORKING-MAN'S HOME
Cordova Boarding House
612 Cordova Street East
E. T. KINGSLEY
•^Printer
Publisher
High-Grade
Catalogue
Book and
Commercial
NEW LABOR TEMPLE
VANCOUVEB,   B.   O.
GREAT BOOKS I
BY GREAT MEN
Age of Reason, Paine 25c
Origin of Species, Darwin 25c
Eight Lectures and Essays, Inger-
soll    25C
Human Origins, Laing ..26c
The White Slave Traffic  (cloth),
(Illustrated)     $1.50
Ingersoll's 44 Lectures $1.25
All books postage paid.
People's Bookstore
152 Cordova St. W.
OVER SS YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
DeeioNB
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone Bonding n sltelrh imtl description may
quickly lutcurtnlii our opinion Jroo whether an
Invention Is nrotmbly pulontuhlo. Oommunlca-
llniis strictly conlliloutliil. HANDBOOK on Patents
seutfroo. Oltlest Birency for iMurUlB patents.
I'aU'iits token tbroiiKli Munu A Co. noelvt
Specln' notice, without charge, Ul tho
$ck;j{iflc.Hiticiica«.
A hMWtoomei    Mln-strated weekly.    I*W>* «**■
enUtion of am   B-r-lentifle  joanukL    Term*  for
C-utiwtA, S8.7B » y-jnr, puetAge prepaid-    Sold by
all tu»Ttduu.lura.
HPN & Co.'"'"-—*. New York
Bwn-Ji fw7*Mil *»*<**.. *fmmhf*xmtrm. *% •%
Vancouver City
and Suburban
Real Estate
B.C. Acreage and Fruit Lands
W. W. Lefeaux
Labor Temple, Vancouver
and at
West Vancouver & Revelstoke
Brackendale - Cheakamus
MOTOR STAGE
Leaves Squamish wharf daily, on
arrival of Vancouver boat
Better Service   Same Old Prices
H. JUDD, Prop.
50 &nriata ^onga
with music, 25 cents. By Bouck
White. Handsomely bound. For
labor mass meetings, the home,
etc. Propaganda on every page.
New. Postpaid. Stamps or coin.
Address, Socialist Literature Co,
"Dept.P» 15 Spruce St.,
New York City
LITERATURE.
We need money and wo want to
make way for new pamphlets. Therefore we make the following offer:
Manifesto of S. P. of C  10c
Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism   10c
Socialism and Unionism     6c
Slave of the Farm     5c
Struggle for Existence      5c
Summary of Marx' "Capital" 5c
The State and Government    5c
Value, Price and Profit    Bo
60c
THE WHOLE  BUNCH  FOR 25c.
Party   Lapel
BUTTONS
Price: 50c each
or 5 for $2.00
Dominion.Executive Committee
Labor Temple
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
301 Dominion Trust Building
Vancouver, B.C.
"<?■
'■FSTJNB.C. flf.AB.

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