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Western Clarion Jun 19, 1909

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Array THIS  IK
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, June 19, 1909.
siiDbcripuou Price   m§ AA
Phr Ybar vliUU
Granted He Produces Four Times What He Consumes, What
Does He Do With It ?
The hypothetical farmers of Spencer, Perclval In the Clarion for May
29th gave me pause. "Farmer A
bought 200 acres of land for $1 per
acre with his savings as a wage slave;
he cleared the forest, drained the
swamp, and fenced the whole, worked
early and late, lived frugally; finally
produces more than four times what
he requires for food and clothing; the
surplus he would like to exchange for
an automobile, a new piano, a trip
around the world nnd as many works
of art as possible." Zounds, said I,
can this be true? There are thousands of these farmers in Canada, we
are told, who would like lo buy autOS,
etc.; tuen, why the dickens don't they?
Possibly for the same reason as Hotspur gave for not calling spirits from
the  vasty deep:
Glendower: "I can call spirits from
the vasty deep."
Hotspur: "Why! So can I, and so
can any man; but will they come
when you call them?"
The farmer would LIKE to exchange
his surplus for luxuries; in this he is
not a whit behind any other Individual, but the system under which he
lives demands that he turns this surplus over to the masters of the earth—
the capitalist class.
But the fanners' question is what 1
wish to discuss, and to begin with, 1
wish to make it clenr that I am not
a farmer. I have tried farming, and,
of all modes of earning bread and
butter and overalls, I like It least.
The trouble with this question is that
somebody is lieing like a real estate
shark. For instance, Banker Henry
Clews, writing from New York on
May 1st, says:
"The panic fell hardest upon those
in moderate circumstances with fixed
incomes, for, owing to the high prices
for food and clothing, the cost of living has been excessive and threatens
to continue so until our farmers make
the earth produce more* abundantly
and do their legitimate part towards
rebuilding national prosperity. At
present the farmers are a distinctly
favored class, and they are welcome
to their good fortune, but big profits
evidently have the same effect upon
them as upon other people, promoting
laziness and discouraging the best
methods and largest production. . . .
Of course, the present high cost of
living is not entirely due to the farmer; nevertheless he is largely responsible and ought to be frankly told so."
Suppressing the query which at
once arises, Can this man actually
run a bank? and passing its self-evident stupidity, let us take the statement as a whole. That the farmers
are lazy and partly responsible for
the high cost of living. Whom are
we to believe, Perclval or Clews? It
will not do to say one speaks of Canada and the other of the United States.
But In case some patriotic Canadian
should resent the comparison, let me
quote from an editorial ln the Saturday Evening Post of March 13th:
"Suppose the farmer calculated his
profits ln the same way that a manufacturer does. If you allow six per
cent, on capital invested in land, implements and horses, an annual depreciation of one-tenth on the implement and one-fourteenth on the animals, $75 per month for the farmer's
own labor and ?35 for his wife's, then
the actual cost of'producing wheat in
the Red River Valley, the average yield
being 12% bushels per acre, is practically one dollar per bushel." These
figures were presented to Congress by
a farmers' association; as 50c is more
like the average price per bushel, it
will be readily seen that the editor's
comments are true, 4Plbeit they are
but the repetitions of already hackneyed Socialist phrases. Probably he
gets merely fair wages for his labor
and a moderate interest on his capital. Essentially, we suspect he is
much more a working man than a
capitalist. He buys a farm, not because he wants to make a manufacturer's profits on the capital, but because it gives him an opportunity to
apply his own labor. Generally speaking, to buy a farm is merely to buy a
job. But permanent jobs are scarce
and therefore farms are in great demand, and the Western farmer has
n;ade a profit through the rise in
value of farm lands." He goes on to
show how the Eastern farms have already reached the maximum value,
and concludes as follows: "The farm
investment of 1900 exceeded twenty
billions, sixteen and a half In land,
three-quarters of a billion in implements and three billion in animals,
that the plant yielded much net profit, as manufacturers would figure
profit, after paying for the labor of
ten million persons, is not probable."
To which I subscribe without reserve. One can readily see from the
two extreme opinions here quoted how
difficult it is for the uninitiated to size
the matter up correctly. However, as
many people are concerned as to what
will become of the farmers' land, and
as Perclval has broached the subject, I
we might as well examine it in the
light of Marxian economics.
When a farm is sold it becomes a
commodity and assumes exchange
value. If the buyer intends to work
the farm, then its use-value asserts itself. If, on the other hand, the buyer intends to sell again and buys expressly for that purpose, its use-value
vanishes, but "it is the necessary
prerequisite of a commodity to be a
use-value" because use-value "forms
the material basis which directly underlies a definite economic relation
which we call exchange-value." So
says Marx. All right. What determines the exchange value of a commodity? Necessarily something which
is common to all commodities, and
that something is "human labor In the
Now, we will get back to our farmers. A buys some land for a dollar
per acre; he clears, drains and fences
it, working early and late, living frugally, etc.; he finally is able to produce four times what he requires.
What, then, becomes of that surplus?
Ask one hundred farmers if they
make money out of the land, and seventy-five will tell you. No. Their
money is made in the rise in land
lvalues. To quote the "Saturday Evening Post," "Permanent jobs and farms
I are In very great demand, and the
j Western farmer has made a profit
through the rise in value of farm
lands." If he produces four times
what he requires, why does lie work
such long hours all the days of his
life, providing he retains what he produces or its equal In social values?
Because he no longer produces something he himself can and wants to
use, good with use-value, but something which society can and wants to
use, a commodity with exchange value.
Exchange value Is determined by
quantity of human labor-force necessary to reproduce lt, modified by supply and demand, which determines
price. The farmer therefore gets
what all other commodity peddlers
get—sufficient lo enable him to produce, because, generally speaking, he
produces more than a wage-paid society can consume. By exceeding demand he never gels more than the
value of his product, which is what it
cost him to produce it. The difference between what he produces and
what he consumes goes to the owners
cf the earth as I said before.
But his farm when he comes to
sell lt, what then? Land in a bush
country is scarce; the forest must be
cleared and drained. When this is
done he has the means at hand to
enable him to create wealth, without
first getting permission. He has a
permanent job. If he wishes to sell
he can generally do so at a price
which he considers good. Not because it Is right and just and proper,
or any other pet name of Utopians,
but because of a definite social relation.    Permanent jobs are scarce.
Suppose m the centre of some thickly timbered land there is a patch of
some 100 acres, timberless from some
cause, not detracting from the fertility of the soil.    Suppose It be level
The capitalists occupy in relation to
all morality, and especially domestic
morality, a position so revolting, that
it is difficult to discuss it in a reputable paper. We choose our words
carefully, repeating Marx' and Engels'
of 60 years ago, that "the bourgeoisie
not content with having the wives^and
daughters of their proletarians at their
disposal, take the greatest pleasure in
seducing each others' wives."
• •  a
This is a very logical outcome of an
arrangement which robs the industrious and supplies to repletion the
lazy and useless with every luxury,
and stamps the latter as "respectable"
and the former as the "low" class.
• *   •
Under this system of wage-labor
applied to the present gigantic labor
displacing devices, there are not near
enough jobs to go round; young men
are reluctant to marry, and millions of
girls and young women are forced to
sell the only marketable thing they
possess to obtain sustenance, clothing
and shelter—their virtue and youth.
• * •
Yet their male relations go right on
voting that the bosses shall skin them
of all they produce, except, their
wages, which is just the sum required
to keep them fit to work continuously.
• • •
An ever-increasing measure of misery and degradation is the workers'
portion, and the bosses'—an ever-
swelling stream of profits.
• • »
Old age and poverty! Old age and
poverty!! Is what you vote for or
agree to by not voting at all, and by
the Holy Poker you deserve to get it!
• •   •
Liberal and Conservative, Conservative and Liberal* which will you
choose, worker, Liberal or Conservative? You'll get shot a kick In the
rear amidships anyhow, so which will
you have?
• •   •
In the meantime you are in the very
dignified position of being allowed to
plead to be permitted to do another
man's work for him and cheerfully
agreeing that he shall enrich himself
by your labor!
* *    *
After an exhausting day's toll you
get home to your "batch"—if you are
not hiring a corner in some one else's
home—cook your evening meal in
dead silence, wash, and then to bed,
to be ready to do an "honest" day's
work on Ihe morrow. The routine is
fine, ain't it.   Eh!    Er—what—a?
* •   *
Then get on the voters' list! Vote!
you chump, vote!    And then become
active, else—old age and poverty!
* . •   *
The misery and poverty of the British working class, promising soon to
become a menace to the bourgeoisie,
has jolted a truly bourgeois government to try and dodge the trouble by
displaying their "righteous indignation" against inherited' wealth, chiefly
possessed by the effete Conservatives,
by a tax amounting to 27 per cent.
That's alright, but it is not comprehensive enough and falls about 73 per
cent, short.
* « •
By no stretch of imagination can a
budget designed for the continued exploitation of labor be called "Socialistic." However drastie upon a limited few, it can only be regarded as a
sign of the times. If the workers will
just take a little trouble to themselves,
things will start moving pretty rapidly right here, too.
* *   *
Labor applied to natural resources
produces al! wealth; then to the producers it should belong!
• »   •
Recognizing  the   first   part  of  that
and denying the latter, the Salvation
Army has established a sawmill al
Glen Vowell, near Prince Rupert, "to
give work to the Indians there," and
Major Morrison reports it as "being
run in an entirely satisfactory manner." Yew betcher sweet life it Is!
U. S.  Socialist Party  Likely  to  Be  "Hoist With Its Own
Topics of the Time Class-Consciously  Considered.
When a Socialist speaker or editorl are not violated by a straight bargain
calls aitention to the obvious truth and sale. Laurier, for instance,
that constitutions and laws were made I wouldn't sell himself—perish the
by the capitalist class to suit their own thought! But he wasn't unwilling
Interests and are ostentatiously vio- when he became premier to accept a
lated when they don't happen to work .donation of something like $10U,000
that way, he is accused of preaching |subscribed by prominent capitalists
sedition or stirring up class hatred, just to enable him to keep up the dig-
Here is a little extract  which  seems jnlty of the position.    And contrary lo
to fall under that condemnation, the
author of which ought lo be properly
dealt with as an undesirable citizen.
The writer Is speaking of betting on
horse races:
"No matter what the strict moral
law may say, we cannot forbid in a
democracy, such as out*, practices
which have the support of any large
seel ion of the respectable people.
Tbey may be precisely the same in brought forward elsewhere by our
his earlier professions, he accepted a
knighthood from the British government and made good by violating the
constitution he was sworn to uphold
in sending the Canadian contingents
to Souih Africa.
•    •    •
In  the course of discussion  on Socialism, we, in Canada, miss the old
familiar   argument    so   prominently
(Continued on Page 4)
principle as practices whicli we do ponenis, thai "Socialism will break
forbid, and for indulging In which we up the home." All sorts of absurd ob-
send uninfliienltal persons to jail; but 'lections are advanced, but on ibis
that does not make any difference, bead Ihe apologists for capitalism are
When a fairly important number of discreetly silent—at least in public,
what we call the "better people" want 'Can it lie that there are so many
io do anything, we might as well let jknown libenlnes and home-wreckers
them do it, without bothering about |in high places at Ottawa and else-
llie law. It is not a question of right where that ihey are afraid of playing
but of might.   We cannot stop them." 'with edged tools?    Better let sleeping
Comrade Kohler's communication in
this month's "News and Views" department shows how the signs of this
process strike a proletarian. But some
of our Socialist readers may think
that he is misinformed or has misinterpreted the recent acts of some of
our party members. We therefore give
a somewhat lengthy quotation from
one of the most respectable periodicals
in the United States, the Cougrega-
tionalist and Christian World of Boston. In its Issue of May 15, Prof. John
B. Clark of Columbia University, a
man who stands in the very front rank
of  Capitalist economists,  writes:
"Not at once by a single slroke Is
it proposed to confiscate private prop
erty. The effort will be made lo reach
the goal by a series of approaches, although the goal Is kept constantly in
view and the intermediate steps are
to be taken in order that they may
bring us nearer to it. What should
we do about the movement while it
is pursuing this conservative line of
action? If we could stop it all by
a touch of a button, ought we to do
it? For one, I think not. On the general ground that it represents the aspirations of a vast number of working men, it has the right to exist;
but what Is specifically In point Is that
its Immediate purposes are good. It
has changed the uncompromising policy of opposing all half-way measures;
it welcomes reforms anil tries to enroll
in its membership us many ns possible of the reformers. It tries to secure a genuine democracy by means
of Ihe initiative and the referendum—
something that would acompllsh very
much of that purification of politics of
which the Socialist and others as well
have so much to say.
Factory laws, Ihe abolition of child
labor, the protection of working women and the proper inspection of factories are measures that we all have
at heart; and most of us desire the
gradual shortening of the working day
and general lightening of tbe burden
of labor. When it conies to a public
ownership of mines, forests, oil wells
and tbe like, there are few of us who
are not open lo conviction and many
of us are ready to assent to that
policy by which the government holds
on very carefully to such properties
of this kind as it posesses and even
acquires others. Inheritance luxes
and income taxes, which the Socialists
desire, have been widely adopted.    In
short, tho Socialist and the reformer
may walk side by side for a very considerable distance without troubling
themselves about the unlike goals
which they hope in the end to reach.
and work with it, as it were, ad Interim? The platform is always there
telling very distinctly whither the
movement is tending, and lt Is ne
modest platform which even the Immediate demands now constitute, it
we take account of all of them; for
it includes the national ownership of
railroads and of all consolidated industries which have reached a national scale and have practically killed
competition. It demands the public
ownership of land itself, a measure so
sweeping lhat our kindly farmer would
feel restive In the ranks If he really
thought there was any probability of
its adoption. What the reformers will
have to do Is to take the Socialistic
name, to walk behind a somewhat red
banner and be ready to break ranks
and leave the army when It reaches
the dividing of the ways."
Will It be safe for the capitalistic
reformers to join the Socialist Party
for the sake of bringing about reforms
which lend to delay the collapse of
capitalism? Professor Clark thinks lt
will, and he Is a man of no mean
ability. But if he is right, will it be
safe for the Socialist Party to shape Its
policy with a view to catching the
votes and even the membership applications of these reformers, who will
be, In Piofesor Clark's words, "ready
to break ranks and leave the army
when il reaches the dividing of the
ways?" That Is the Issue that must
be met within the Socialist Party in
the near future. There Will be no
lack of arguments on the reform side.
There are hundreds of efficient party
workers wlio have put in many hours
of unpaid labor, and who feel that
the fat salary of a public official would
be a suitable reward. And the
salary is a possibility if we can
only attract enough reformers to
come in and help with their votes.
There are party editors working
for uncertain salaries whose pay
would no doubt be sure and liberal If
the reformers' money could be poured
into Socialist channels. And behind _
these few, who perhaps after all are
lnfluence.1 rather unconsciously than
consciously by their niaieiiul interests,
there are many thousand converts who
have conic to us through sentimental
sympathy raiher tban class conscious-
No, this is not clipped from a Socialist paper, nor even from a labor
or radical publication, but appears in
the editorial columns of that staunch
Tory and jingo exponent, the Montreal
Star. How did the editor ever come
to allow such a truthful and damaging
admission to get into print? It's a
complete give-away.
*   •   •
"The game of public life will never
be Improved by the critics who stand
on the side lines and criticize the
players. Good men must get into the
game If they would better ihe performance."—Ottawa Journal.
The only difference visible to the
naked eye between the "good" man In
old party politics and the ordinary
type of grafter is that the latter can
be bought considerably cheaper,
whereas the "good" man sets his conscientious scruples at a high figure,
and has to ge got. at in a roundabout
indirect  way so that the  proprieties
dogs lie. The free love question is a
live wire that capitalist literary hirelings had better not fool with.
* *    *
The measureless hypocrisy of the
Anglo-Saxon was never better Illustrated than by the speech of Ixird
Rosebery to the Imperial Press Conference urging militarism upon the
icolonies. "Europe is rattling Into barbarism, and pressureis ptil upon this
little England to defend itself." Little England Is doing precisely the
same thing as Germany. Austria,
France and the rest. Tiny are all In
the same boat—all wanting to get the
drop on the neighbors at the opportune moment like a lot of gamblers
playing each with one eye on the cards
ond the other on the next man's hip
pocket. But why cant about It? Bah!
It's like a pirate captain summoning
his red-handed crew to prayers.
• •   •
All  the politicians, Tory and Grit,
ire trying to make party capital  out
of the British    war    scare.    Laurier
would, of course, have given or prom- 	
Ised to give a Dreadnought to help Iness, who will accept Professor Clark's
the British to steal more territory overtures with joy, nnd'with not a
only ibat he bus a realizing sense of Ithought for the collapse of the iilllied
Ihe power of the French-Canadian army "when it reaches the dividing of
vole, which is decidedly anti-jingo. Ihe way-." Opposed to these will be
This gives the Tories ii chance to found an Increasing number of wage-
voice their blatant "loyalty" In con- workers In the great Industries, whose
demnlng him for not doing What they |personal experiences have taught them
would not have dared lo do if the .tin vital reality of the class struggle.
Quebec vole were In question. Sir land by their side will be (hose whose
James Whitney, In virtue of bis brand study of Socialist literature has con-
new title, is naturally extra zealous, vlnoed them ihnt ihnir own ultimate
(How cheap ihe Imperial Governmenl interests are bound up with those of
buys Canadian politicians, to be Sure, the wage-workers. We who take this
by bestowing an empty decoration, (position bold thai It lit better to let
Canadian corporations have to pay the reformers do iheir reforming out-
cash.I Speaking the other day at [side of the Socialist Party rather than
Morrisburg. the Ontario premier inside. We bold that tbe function of
blamed the Laurier government for ;our parly Is to prepare for tbe revolu-
neglecling to cable to England that Jtiou. by educating anil organizing, and
they were prepared to recommend an thai ihe quickest way to get reforms,
appropriation of the price of one or if any one cares for reforms, Is to
two Dreadnoughts, adding the thought- .make the revolutionary movement
ful suggestion that "II might never more and more of a menace to capital-
have bePii necessary lo utilize the ap- Item.   Two things are certain.    One Is
proprlation." Isn't thai a beautiful
and characteristic specimen of the
hollowness of Canadian loyally? In
other words, Sir Whitney finds fault
with Sir Laurier, not because he didn't
give a Dreadnought, but because he
didn't put up a bluff and make an
offer of one on the understanding I hut.
It wouldn't be accepted. The "moral
effect," you know, upon the people
who are "rattling Into barbarism"
would have been sufficient. Just as
if ihe keen politicians of Germany and
other outside barbarians hadn't long
ago sized up our patriots for revenue
at their true value.
that the oportunists, so highly commended by Profesor Clark, now hold
most of the official positions in our
party and control most of our periodicals. The other Is that the great
mass of the city wage-workers remain
utterly unmoved by the eloquent propaganda of opportunism. The outcome? That will (lira on forces
stronger than arguments. Captains
of Industry are making revolutionists
faster than professors and editors can
make reformers. And when revolutionises shape (he policy of tho Socialist Party, reformers will find little In lt to attract them.—International Socialist Review. TWO
SATURDAY,  JUNE  19,  1909.
h festers Clarion
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SATURDAY,  JUNE  19,   1909.
Oscar Wilde has truly enough pointed out that those who do the most
harm are those who try to do the
most good, and even so it is with the
"'social and moral" reformers, for most
ot the worst of the evils connected
with prostitution can safely be laid at
their spotless doors. This is no idle
statement, but a fact capable of proof.
So world-wide is the practice of
prostitution and so long has it en-
dnred that one might think that the
sett-appointed custodians of our moral
welfare should, in their wisdom, by
tMa time have arrived at some Knowledge of its causes and some effective
method for Its treatment. In fact, one
■ might be puzzled to Know how they
ooatd avoid acquiring at least a rudimentary knowledge of the question,
waie it not so glaringly apparent that
reformers in general and moral reformers in particular are constitutional blind to causes and deal only with
rfSects. Furthermore their own material interests are most often rooted
in ihe very soil from which the evils
they attack spring.
Prostitution is not due to the innate
wiiiedness of the human race. Were
tt mot so, It surely would be nowhere
M site as among primitive and uncul-
Isrred peoples, who are not accredited
iriib a "high moral sense" nor blessed
wttfc the light of heaven-sent com-
maBeTments to guide them on the
straight and narrow way. But lt Is
satmg these very people that prosti-
KjrtfoB, is unknown, except where they
fcara come under the beneficient in-
Atence of "our great civilization."
The causes of prostitution are purely economic. It is born of slavery.
Thai an economically free woman
stnwld sell herself for hire is almost
unthinkable. Slavery has created the
VtntKute and the demand for her
services. It places the vast majority
dt women face to face with two grim
atinmatlves, to sell her labor power
tor a pittance or her virtue for, com-
jmratlvely at any rate, a little more
at Ihe necessities, and, sometimes,
dure of the comforts of life. On the
ota hand, a drab life of unremitting
W8, often of penury, hunger and misery; on the other, a short life of in-
dtslence and, occasionally, of affluence.
A«d besides, not seldom, even the
farmer poor alternative is closed, to
la through lack of demand for her
Mrar-power. Further, the price of her
tsEI Is, ln a vast number of cases, so
awagre that lt must perforce be eked
tssa with the price of her virtue. Un-
-ctor these circumstances what wonder
itwxe Is a "social evil."
<tt course, there is the third alter-
ndWe, equally grim, that of suicide.
But even this relief is declared against
the law, both human and "divine,"
ke sufficiently enterprising to lake a
and, moreover, human beings, like all
animals, cling tenaciously to life, the
lewteucy to suicide being kepi in
etwek, not by morul preachments or
physical penalties, but by the cease-
Jess operation of the law of natural
selection; those, with a strong tendency to suicide obviously not repro-
daciog their kind as freely as those
■%-an a stronger desire to live.
On tbe other hand, the demand for
Iftj? services of the prostitute arises
idrrisctly as a consequence of slavery.
Tfco scions of the ruling class, bred
in a vitiated atmosphere, well fed,
«1fJh ample leisure and satiated with
arare ordinary pleasures, flnil. ajmost
inevitably, a perverted outlet for their
isorplus energy. While tbe members
.of the exploited class finding the rearing of families becoming ever a greater liurdcu and a responsibility more
dread, and further being, latterly,
thrown more and more out of contact
with the opposite sex, seek also gratification for their desires where It is
mast easily procurable. Again, Is It
Arvy wonder there is a "social evil"?
There can remain no doubt that
jrrastitutlon Is an inevitable conse-
•atMBce and a necessary accessory of
a arfltzatlon based on slavery. "The
%eatfc*n in his blindness" recognizes,
St not Us cause, at any rate Its necessity.    In Japan,  the Yoshlwara    has
been a recognized institution for centuries. In India, the "randi" has a
"legitimate" profession of venerable
antiquity and rather more respectability than that of our "sleuths" and
others we could mention. Indeed, the
high class "randis"- are practically the
only women with any attainments or
accomplishments in that country, and
their resorts are frequented openly
by "tbe best peoplei" The profession
is handed down from generation to
generation through adopted daughters,
who receive, what is for that' country,
a liberal training in the arts and
In countries such as these, the lot
of the prostitute is comparatively an
easy one. How different with us who
are the apostles of civilization and
the heritors of the wisdom of tbe
ages. Under the aegis of the gospel
of charity, the prostitute Is socially
an outcast, legally a criminal, religiously damned, and furtively patronized. Society makes millions of dollars in making prostitutes and spends
thousands in reclaiming, punishing and
patronizing them.
In response to the well meaning efforts of our social and moral reformers, prostitution and all connected with
it lias been declared a crime and has
accordingly taken on all the most
hideous aspects of criminality. The
laws against procuring and prostitution have made procuring for prostitution a most profitable industry, hove
made Ihe rental of brothels so paying
an investment that some of our "most
respectable citizens" draw their incomes therefrom, have made the condition of thousands of unfortunate
women one of absolute, Involuntary
chattel slavery, have placed a premium
on corrupt ion among police and other
civic of, Mais, and have aggravated,
through concealment, the spread of
venereal diseases. Further, the condemnations of the arbiters and custodians of our morals have so enhanced the social ostracism of the "fallen"
as to place an almost insurmountable
barrier in the way of their self-redemption.
Under these circumstances, are we
much al sea in laying at the doors of
the social and moral reformers the
responsibility for the very worst features of the social evil? Are we not
justified in asking if the cure be not
very much worse than the disease?
And after all, what has the cure availed to cure? Nothing. In every city,
town and hamlet the red light glows
In the dark places, here openly, there
under cover.
While capitalism endures, that light
will not be put. out. Not for all preaching and prayer, moral teaching and
ethical culture, stringent law or public opinion. Wifely virtue may be
lauded to the skies and "unwomanly
vice" condemned to bottomless perdition; while conditions call for prostitution, prostitution will flourish and
grow. So long as virtue is a commodity of price in the market its traffic will continue.
Wllh changed conditions, with
woman economically Independent and
beholden to none for the means of
life, and the responsibilities of family
life no longer a prospect to be dreaded
by either man or woman, the curse of
prostitution will pass from the land.
And these conditions the social ownership of the means of life alone can
give. Then, and then only, will the
red light cease to burn.
they have more or less safely attained it, or have utterly failed to attain
It. No less a one that John D., who
has nothing but money, not even hair
or a digestion, has expressed the opinion that money is not everything and
that it is a mistake tor people to bend
all their efforts to obtaining money, or,
at any rate, to obtaining any of John
D.'s money.
But John D. is wrong. Under capitalism, money alone spells success.
That it spells it wrong is merely be-
torlcal epochs.   They are begging for j
the  support  of feudal  nobility,  of  a i
reactionary  church,   of   the   criminal
elements  of  the  most  degraded   por-1
tions of the working class.   They pretend lo sneer at aristocracy, but they
imitate ils assumptions of manner and
style of living.   They scoff at religious
dogmas in their clubs and offices, but
they foster them for political purposes.
They    denounce    corruption,     crime.
prostitution, but they cannot get along
without them and have never really
capitalism  Itself  is  a  ghastly tried to eliminate them.
A   STEP   AT   A   TIME.
Their motives? Those which they
publicly pretend to have were never
their real motives, and the only consistent motive that actuated them was
greed of gain, was sordid one and
Those interested  in  news and also  never openly avowed by them but al-
those pining for a wider Socialist
movement will be delighted to hear of
another victory for the working class
in Milwaukee.   The Social-Democratic
ways idealized before the world and
excused before their own consciences.
"Thou shalt not kill," has been thundered from their pulpits, but no class
aldermen have forced through the'has spilled human blood so wantonly
council a by-law to prevent chickens
running loose on the streets. This is
no doubt a step in obtaining recognition for the principle of the para-
mouncy of public over private interests.
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every nltcinnle Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province.
A. J. Browning, Sec, Box   l|     Cal-
eary, Alta.
and on such flimsy pretexts as they.
History brands the capitalist class
as the most incapable and aimless
class that ever held the helm of state,
and ii will write over the grave of the
bourgeons the flaming epitaph, "Here
lies the Capitalist Class—a traitor to
its ideals, and incompetent in government and an enemy of mankind."
We, the revolutionary Socialists, understand well the parts played by the
wig of the judge, the laws of the
politician, Ihe lessons of the teacher.
the "news" of the editor, the club of
the policeman and the bayonet and
guttling gun of the soldier, and we
refuse absolutely to bow down to any
little fault to find with it now, though |0l- these graven images and gods of the
Simons is a prominent literaleur and ruiing ciass. We. ihe revolutionary
"leader" In the U. S. Socialist move-1 socialists, can see that these drapes
ment and Kerr is not, which is not ami trappings are stained with the
altogether to Comrade Kerr's discredit. sweal anrj blood and tears of the wage-
The Review is quite the besl publica- Laves.   \\e can see around these gods
We have no hesitation in recommending the Review to our readers.
Clias. H. Kerr has for some time been
editing it himself, and those who
threw it aside in despair in the days
of A. M, Simons' editorship will have
tlie best of any kind in the States.
Subscription, $1.20 per year in Canada.   Address, 153 Kenzie St.. Chicago.
By W. J. Curry.
(Concluded  from  last issue.)
In the States is published a magazine calling itself "Success," and,
judged, not by the precepts it imparts,
but by the amount of advertising it
carries, it certainly is a success. It,
Is typical of the capitalist ideal of
success. It makes money, no matter
how. It makes money professedly by
teaching ils readers how to make
money. And even that is not the
purpose but merely the pretext for Its
existence. The purpose of Its existence Is, of course, to make money
for Its publishers.
The capitalist's one measure of success Is Ihe dollar. Money is Ihe be nil
and end all of his existence. He
causes his slaves to produce a plethora
of food, clothing and shelter, not that
people may be fed, clothed or sheltered, but merely that he may make
money. So far has he gone ln Ihese
latter days that production, originally
for use, is not now even for sale, but
has become a mere accessory to speculation. There Is millions more to be
made by selling coal stocks than by
selling coal. Of course, to sell coal
stocks one must generally have a coal
mine, though even that Is not absolutely essential provided Ihe capitalist
chance and sufficiently wealthy to
keep out of jail. But generally 11 Is
more expedient to have a coal mine,
and lo have one thai can show a dividend, or that can be made to show
one. That attained, the fishing is good
and the suckers plenty.
The road to success becomes good
sledding. But he must keep sledding.
Woe unto him if he pauses or falters.
The money-mad horde behind will sled
onto him and over him and he will be
numbered' In the noble army of down-
What an Ideal of success. No wonder that even some capitalists entertain  doubts  about   their  ideal,  after
In my last letter I referred to the
terminus of the G. T. P. as simply
"Rupert," whereas the parents, godfathers and godmothers, after much
prayerful deliberations and shrewd
considerations, christened it "Prince
The "Prince" gives it a piquancy and
tone which such a name as Rupert,
Edward or John could not possibly
furnish. Think not, reader, it was
empty sentiment which selected the
royal prefix. Anyone should know
that; many a rose with another name
might smell as sweet and attract as
many bees and humming birds, yet a
piece of bog, 100x50 feet, possessing
the climate and geographical features
of Rupert, could never have attracted
$16,500 had not the seducing aroma
of royalty been present.
Short-sighted individuals sometimes
tell us that royalty and aristocracy—
not the codfish variety—belong to feudalism and have no place in modern
society. Only last week I beheld .the
portrait of the genial face of His Most
Royal HIghnesB King Edward about to
smile through a glass of some special
Scotch whiskey, and last month in
various hill boards I saw the same
brilliantly decorated form about to
light some special brand of cigarette.
The portrait of His Royal Highness'
consort, Alexandria, Is also used
throughout the breadth of our glorious
empire to promote the sale of tobacco,
soap and cheese, chewing gum, and
to worship, myriads of the ghosts of
linen  and women and children  whose
I bodies and souls have been broken on
the  wheeU  of  capitalist   production,
I and these ghosts are telling us to be
I true men and women, to take these
.wheels  which  are  now  crushing  out
the lives and happines of the workers
and   make    of  them    man's  friends,
which will  bring him happiness and
more abundant life.
But the rulers and the great masses
of the victims see not and hear not
these ghosts, for between the master
class and their victims are piles of
plunder—the unpaid wages of labor,
and blinding the workers to their fate.
are the customs, institutions and
images which the masters have set
up to be worshipped.
lt Is for the Socialist to throw the
searchlight of analysis on the root
the trunk, the branches and fruit of
capitalist society, so that the workers
may see lt, and in seeing it strike for
its destruction.
Is man more brute or man, that he
can see a world so filled with natural
stores and vibrating with machinery
a hundredfold more powerful than our
ancestors possessed, and knowing this
to be a world in which famine and
death stalks In every part, without
asking the question: What is the
cause and where the remedy?
This is the question which to the
true Socialist Is greater than all else,
but the vast multitude as yet do not
ask the question or seek an answer.
As yet men and women are but men
and women In the making, the coming
revolution will sever the cords which
bind our hearts and brain to those
ancestors which snarled and fought
with gory fangs and claws In the dens
and caverns of long ago.
Not until modern society has been
overthrown will we enter the age of
true humanity and begin to really ad
"Man is not man as yet. nor shall I
deem his object served,  his end  at-
other foundation stones of the empire
As  a  tradmark  for  the  boosting  of talned, his genuine strength put fairly
goods, too poor to sell on their own
merits, royalty possesses a value not
to be sneezed at, especially among the
working  class.
Do not imagine ell her that patriotism and our regard for the "old flag'
forth while only here and there a star
dispels the darkness, here and there a
towering mind o'erlooks its prostrate
fellows; when the host Is out at once
to the despair of nigh I; when all mankind alike is perfected, equal in full-
are empty sentiments, for there are bloom powers—then, and not till then,
no sentiments    which    have no com-  I say, begins man's general Infancy"
merclal basis today.
Does Kelly Douglas, in flying the
flag of Britain over his grocery store,
express only idle sentiment, or has it
a trade value? If you look closely you
will see a network of gold and silver
threads leading from the flag to the
schools, churches and other imitations
where they teach the literature, religion and ideals of trade.
Adulation of bunting, glorification of
warfare, the training of the young by
school and church to play soldier, to
use the gW sword and bayonet, to
strut around decorated In tinsel and
gaudy colors are all necessary foundation stones of capitalist property, of
Hade in the plundered products of the
wage-slave. These are all essential
portions of that complex fabric called
"modern society."
As I'ntermann says: "The petty
proflt-mongerittg of the capitalist is
driving them forward. But the fear of
the revolutionary proletariat Is even
stronger than their love of profit." Instinctively they know that they find
In the feudal powers the most brutal
enemies of the working class. For
this reason we see them to-day in
league with their foes of former his-
Under Auspices of S. P. of C.
Strathcona Park, Sunday, June 27
Boat leaves Johnson's Wharf 9:45 a.m.
Tickets 50 Cents
Children under twelve, 25 cents; under
five, free.
What to Bead on Socialism
By Charles H. Kerr, Editor of the International
Socialist Kevlew. Eighty beautifully printed
pages, with many portraits of socialist writers.
Includes a simple, conclao statement of tbe principles of socialism. One copy free on request,
10 mulled for 10c; 100 for tl.00; 1,000 for 110.00.
153 Klnzle Street, Chicago, III.
Socialist Directory
MJkmV Every  Local   of  the   Socialist   Parry  of j LOCAL   POST  MOODY,  B.   O.    NO.   41
Canada  should   run  a  card  undtr  this  head  |     f-   *•   ot  C.—Business   meetings   first
11.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.       ,    gunnay   in   each   month.     J.   V.   Hull,
'    Secretary, Port Moody, B. C
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Mominv. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box  836,  Vancouver,  B.  C.
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. C. Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Secy.
tive Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary will be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer nny correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, il. v,. James, 326 Hargtave st
Winnipeg,   Man.
of C. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m„ the fourth Thursday of each month in lodge room over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. 13. F. Gayman
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
meets every Sunday at 8:31) p.m., la
Miners' Hall. James Carson, Organizer;  John Appleby, Secy.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
P.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce).    Club
,?""„ Reading  Room,   McTavish   Block.
!fi7 Second St. E, I pponite Impeiiol Ho el
M. Hyatt, Secy.; I- Hyatt, Orgar,.
zer,   Box 647,   Calgarv.    Alta.
Committee. Meets in Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 2nd and 4th
Wednesday. Organizer.. W. Gribble
134 Hogarth Ave., Toronto:
P. C. Young, Secretary, 139 V, Bleecker
street, Toronto.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
1-Mgrtt's Store, 151 Hastings St. West.
F, Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
Headquarters and Beading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 13111 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Propogamla
meetings avery Sunday at Grand
W. G. McCluskey, Secretnry, Box "70.1
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town HalL
(-.  Stubbs, Secy.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     S.
Meets every Sunday night In tlw
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J
Smith, Secy.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at 8
P.m., in Trades and Labor Hall,
i'ourth s-t. Busncss and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbacll,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrie.
Organizer,  623  Second St.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO.  3,  8.  P.  of  C,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'elockl
Jack  Place,   Rec.   Secy.,   Box   826.
LOCAL   PERNIE,   8.   P.   of   C,   HOLDS
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave.. Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting first Sunday in each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster,  Sec,  Box 164.
C, meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
niHiith. T. Y. McKay, Secretarp Pro
LOCAL VERNON, B. C, NO. 38, 8. T. OP
C, meets every Friday night at 7:30
ln Tlmmlns' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Geo. W. Paterson, Secretary, Vernon, B. C.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave.
Parker, Williams, Sec, Ladysmlth, B. C
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p. m. A. MeLeod, Secy., p. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p. m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
765 Rossland. B. C.
P. of C, meets every Sunday after
Union meeting In Union Hall, Hillcrest
Mines. Alta.; Alex. Whyte Literature
Agt.; Carl  Johnson,  Secretary.
quarters Kloudyke block, corner of Pacific
nud King Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. m. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome. w. Cummlngs, Organizer.
Jas. W. Amer, Secretary, 336 Maryland
llsh    Branch. Business    meetings
first nnd third Wednesdays of
each month, Finnish Hall, 214 Adelaide
St. W. Speakers' class meets alternate
Mondays and Tuesdays at 134 Hogarth
Ave. Economic classes meet every
Friday night at 314 Wellesley St.
Speakers supplied op shortest notice tr>
Ontario Locals. Corresponding Sec, A.
I.yon, 134 Hogarth Ave.
LOCAL   OTTAWA  NO.  8,  8.  P.   OP  C,
BU8INE88 MEETING 1st Sunday ia
month at 7:30 p.m. at Roberts-Allaa
Hall, 78 Ridean St. Propaganda meetings following Sundays at 3:15 p.m.
Economic class, Monday night, 8 p.m.
Historical class, Friday night, 8 p.m.,
at 379 Wellington St. Charles Lestor.
E. S. Oldham, Cor. Secy., 1030 Bro«-
son Ave.
LOCAL   COBALT,   NO.   9,   8.  P.   OF   C.
Propaganda and business meetinga
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hall. Everybody invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOCAL   MONTREAL,   QUE.,   NO.   1,   8.
P. of C—Meets in Labor Hall, St
Dontinlque street, Sundays at 3 p. m.
Heaequarters No. 1 St. rharles llorromee st
otto Jahn Becretaay, 52S chausse
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member
Wm. Davidson, Sandon
Jno. A. McKinnon, Rossland
Thos. J. McKay, Greenwood
A. Shilland, Sandon
Grand  Forks..
Greenwood   ...
Kimberly   ....
M. & S. V.
96 Nelson    	
" Phoenix   	
Trail M & M..
 C. Gnirns	
Wm. Winslow James Tobin ....
"'atrick O'Connor l\y. E. Hadden	
Charles Blrce Geo.   Heatherton.
C. Bennett T. H.  Rotherham
Mike McAndrews.. H. T. Rainbow...
Joe Armstrong A. E. Carter	
Fred Mellette Chas.   Short	
B. Lundln  	
Malcolm  McNeill.
Paul   Phillips	
R.   Silverthorn	
J. A. McKinnon...
L. R. Mclnnls....
Robert Malroy.,..
Blair Carter	
G.  B. Mcintosh...
Wm.  Hcsketll	
|A. Burgess	
J.  Hays   	
James Roberts	
F. Phillips  .......
W. A. Plckard...
Geo. Oasey	
A.   Shilland	
Fred Lfebscher..
D. B. O'Nealll...
T. T. Rutherford.
F. D. Hardy....
W.   B.   Mclsaac.
12 _.
rand   Forks
Slocan City
Van Anda
J03   tahdotte jotakin  tietaa
tyovaen puolucesta ja sosial-
ismin edistyksesta Canadassa,
niin tilatkaa kohtn.
Box 197, Port Arthur. Ont.
Se on Canadassa ainoa Suo-
men kiclinen sanomalehti, j'o-
ka taistelee sinunkin rmolesta.
Edistat tyovaen luokkaa tila-
amalia Tyokansan.
Makiaa ainooitaan, $1.50 vuwikerti
"Vakaleuka" Makiaa, $1.25
We solid, the business of Manufacturers,
' Knp fieers nud others who realise the ml visa hi'.-
: ity of having their Patent business transacted
I byExoert-s. Preliminaryadvlcefree. Charges
t moderate. Our Inventor*! Adviser sent upon
I request. Marion & Marion. New York Life llldg,
Montreal:    11J WaihlnjrtOtt. D.C., t'.S.A-
Hand-Made Boots ami   Shoes to order in
all styles.   Repairing promptly ami neatly
ly done.     Stock  of staple  ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
2456 Weitminiter Ava.
"The Glass Struggle" fff^Ba,aitoft
CHARLES H. KERB a 00., 103 Kiule Strett, Oblctgo, III
WANTED. Every Socialist and
Unionist to take Shares Brandon
Labor Temple Co. Capital $15,-
000 in $1.00 shares, payable in 4
monthly instalments. Write for
prospectus. E. Fulcher, Box 673,
Brandon, Man.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
Cameraphone Theatre
 ■    '  -■	 SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1809.
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Meeting  held June  14th,  1909.
Present—Comrades Morgan (chairman), English, Karme, Mengel, Peterson, Stebblngs and the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Charters granted Locals Harris,
Sask.; Springhill, N. S., and Newcastle, N. B.
Correspondence dealt with from Ontario and Alberta Executives; Locals
Springhill, N. S.; Newcastle, N. B.;
Port Arthur and Toronto, Ont., and
Harris, Sask.
From Cotton's Weekly and from Organizers Gribble and O'Brien.
Ontario Executive, stamps $25.00
Harris,   Sask.,   charter   10.00
Springhill, N. S., charter     fi.70
Newcastle N. B„ charter     5.70
Total    547.40
Warrant drawn to Western Clarion,
May -card, $1.00.
Meeting held June  14th,  1909.
Minutes of previous    meeting    approved.
Correspondence dealt with from
Locals Greenwood, Nelson, Mara, Revelstoke, Nanaimo, Ladysmlth, Sointula and Vancouver; from Comrades
Chas. liCstor, Johnston, Silver Creek
And Mcintosh, Edgewood, and from
Organizer Harrington.
Local   Revelstoke,  stamps $ 5.00
Local  Mara, stamps     2.00
Local  Greenwood,  stamps   10.00
Uccal  Sointula, stamps  nnd ns-
■sessment     15.00
Member at large, dues     1.00
John   Rivers,  constitution......    . .26
A. H. Comox campaign fund...    1.00
Total   $34.2;
Warrant drawn to Western Clarion
May card, $1.00.
Parker Williams was the presiding
genius and opened the meeting, thes
came Com. Jim Cartwrlght, with hi£
own blunt, forceful style, of a working
man talking to workingmen. Then
Com. Hodgkinson who gave a very
comprehensive speech upon the evolution and development of man, and
Com. Hawthornthwaie gave the concluding speech "not caring how or In
what manner tbe working class take
over the machinery of production and
distribution; whether by ballot or
force.seeing it is impossible for us to
buy our freedom from the bondage ol
Parker Williams made a great effort
to boost the circulation of the Western
Clarion in closing the meeting, and I
hope to soon be able to send you a few.
Ladysmlth   Local  holds  its  regular
meetings every second and fourth Saturday in the month ln Com, H. Blair's
Cabin, so roll up you fearnoughts.
T. L. B.
Dear Comrade,—
I have received up to date the following contributions to the Maritime
organization fund:
Com. C. V. Hoar, Portland, Me...$3.00
Local Calgary,  per F. Hyatt.... 5.00
Com. Alex Lyon, Toronto..
Comrade Wrigley, Toronto.
Com. F. Stroud, Toronto...
R. Stroud,  Toronto..
Young,  Toronto	
Watkinson,  Toronto.
Nash, Toronto	
Com. Stewart, Toronto	
Com.  Peel,  Toronto	
Com. Sprangle, Toronto...
Com. Latuga,  Toronto  ...
Silver Creek is a small settlement
situated in the Salmon River valley,
10 miles south of Salmon Arm. It is
a bush country and most of the ranchers have only small clearings and are
•hard at work clearing land so that in
future years they and their families
may be able to produce wealth for the
C. P. R. company and the capitalist
class generally.
We number among our settlers two
or three sound Socialisls and most of
the other ranchers are studying the
subject and beginning to see the light.
Accordingly, when it was announced
that Comrade Harrington would speak
here, there was joy in our hearts and
a good crowd turned out to hear him.
The comrade can certainly deliver
the goods. He dealt with economics
and showed how the present state of
society with its wage-slavery and capitalism evolved. A few questions as
to probable social conditions under Socialism were asked and satisfactorily
answered. I have yet to hear any
adverse criticism of his remarks.
Organizer Harrington addressed a
meeting the next evening at Salmon
Arm, but the writer was unfortunately unable to be present. A Local is
lo be formed there and the Silver
Creek Socialists will join. Later as
we become stronger We shall organize in Silver Creek.
Meeting held June 7.
Present: Hyatt, McDonald, Frad-
kins and the secretary-
Correspondence dealt with from
Kankhead, Claresholm, nowden, Edmonton, Bellevue, Stavely and Dominion  Executive.
Resolved, that the report of Comrade Lestor re tour be adopted.
Canmore   $ 5.00
Calgary       9.20
Edmonton       3.95
A comrade for Lestor tour     5.00
Total    $20.15
A. Stewart, Moose Jaw $12.00
C.  Lestor     30.00
Total    $42.00
Box 647 Calgary.
Preparing for the next Dominion
Total    $14.80
The four dollars and thirty cents
frem Toronto was sent by Com. Alex.
Lyon, who made an appeal at the
business meeting of Toronto Local.
Wednesday, June 2nd. He writes that
Comrade Latuga, who is out of work
insisted upon his last five cents be
lng taken to help out the work of or
ganization in the East.
Now Comrades of the S. P. of C, you
who are comparatively well fixed
think of this. Can't you spare a few
cents or dollars out of a comparative
abundance, when this comrade is will
ing and even anxious that his las!
cent go Into the good work? Foi
shame, comrades, don't let this com
rade who is out of work and "broke"
beat you. Keep up the fight. Heir
us to dot the Maritime Provinces with
locals. Send all contributions'to thf
Yours In the revolution,
Secy. Local Albert.
Albert Co., N. B.
Ladysmlth and Nanalmo Locals being convinced of the necessity of doing
propaganda work between elections,
are combining their forces to hold meetings in all the places in the constituency that showed weakness or ignorance at the last election by casting too
many votes for the representatives of
the large financial and industrial corporations.
It has been resolved to carry on in
addition to the usual home meetings,
open air meetings all through ihe summer. We made a fairly good start last
Sunday 13th, nt Ladysmlih, upon the
Green in the shade of the round-house.
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Vernon, B. O, June 9, 1909.
D. G. McKenzie, Sec'y,
Dear Comrade:—John Harrington,
provincial organizer, took a preliminary
trip through the Okanagan and will
now be on his way to the Coast. With
the exception of Mara the meetings
were small, but this was owing to very
unfavorable weather, some sickness
and because the people are very busy
paying off lasl winter's debts. Still
Comrade Harrington has pretty well
covered the district and will be able to
come back again prepared lo curry on
the work of licking us Into shape for
the days lo come.
The experience received by the Comrades along the line will come In good
for future use. Comrade Harrington
was well pleased with the asistance we
afforded him at Vernon and we were
glad to be able to hear his style, for
he has a distinct style of speaking.
He is particularly good and entertaining in his ansers to questions, and
comrades should not fall to Interrogate
him when he speaks In their localities.
I went up to Enderby and Main
and spoke at the opening of both
meetings. Of course, Comrade Jim
Johnson was on hand with his weight
on the platform to use his Influence
for the Party and the cause.
At Mara, on Sunday night, the
Local held a meeting In (heir hall
which escaped the fire. The crew of
the "Ethel Ross" came ashore and
one line boy danced a good iiing, jig
or hornpipe; anyway, il was all
right. Main's secretary supplied the
music on his violin, ami 1 believe this
was partly the moans of Inducing the
organizer to loosen up Into a rattling
good speech. And then we finally
said good bye to Com. Harrington, and
Mara comrades and drove by moonlight back to  Enderby.
Secretary Local Vernon.
Dear Comrade,—
Enclosed find sub.
We have had a little bother with the
police, obstruction as usual. If it
wasn't the crowd obstructing, it was
Ihe soap box. We appointed a deputation lo see the police commissioners
and the result is free speech, allowed
to use a soap box or chair, and if the
police interfere when unnecessary, report him.
Yours in revolt,
Dear Comrade,—
O'Brien and myself met In the train
at Red Deer on Friday. He journeyed
with us to Bowden and assisted at our
meeting there. He is a clear, logical
and convincing speaker, and I was
surprised at his grasp of the situation.
He puts things in a nutshell in a simple and charming manner.
We spoke in the Lyceum Theatre,
Calgary, on Sunday, and when Mrs.
LeBtor and myself were through, the
chairman called upon O'Brien to say
a few words. He received an ovation
from the audience when he arose, and
his popularity testifies to the growth
of Socialism. The audience numbered
at least 1,000 persons. He gave them
much to think about, and the applause
he received at the close of his remarks
was inspiring to all lovers of freedom.
I start for Stavely tomorrow.
Yours in revolt,
Boat leaves Johnson's wharf at 9:45
a.m., Sunday, June 27th.
There will be music and dancing
There are tables and ranges scattered about In shady spots in Strathcona park.
A big pot will be provided, sufficient
lo boil water for the crowd.
Bring your bathing costumes with
you as ihe bathing facilities are excellent.
There are trails cut through the
woods which make a delightful ramble
There will be sports and games for
men, women and children.
The round trip will be taken before
landing nt the Park.
1 lurry up and get your tickets, as
there will only be a limited number
In Ihe International Socialist Review for May, Harry llothast describes
Local Toledo's headquarters. It is an
exceptionally good one. Situated on
one of the main streets with a large
store-front, in the window of which
cigars, stationery, Socialist papers and
literature are displayed, this headquarters is a standing advertisement
for the Socialist movement.
Though estabished only about nine
months ago, the profits from the sale
of the merchandise just specified almost pay the cost of maintenance, and
soon, the Toledo comrades hope, there
will be a sound surplus. Behind the
store proper Is a large room whicli
serves as a meeting place for committees, speaker's classes, economic
study clubs, reading parlor, library
and general rendezvous.
This is the kind of a headquarters
a number of the boys In Toronto have
set their minds on getting. Certainly, It Is the only kind thai can be made
pay for Itself. Readers of the Clarion
who have any ideas about headquarters, or who will describe those In
their own or •other cities, should gel
busy wllh the pen and tell us about
W. R. S.
The population of the city of Chicago Is 2,483,000, and of that number
only 110,815, or every twentieth person has money or property in excess
of $250.
Dining the past month the election
of judges took place, and although the
old party candidates have recently
handed out some of the worst labor
decisions ever recorded, one decision
practically ruling that to maintain
the "closed shop" was a criminal conspiracy, yet the working class candidates received only 11.46 per cent,
of the vote. Following the lead ot
Brother Gompers, the Chicago Federation of Labor tried the policy of "rewarding their friends and defeating
their enemies," with the result that
those slated for defeat were returned
at the head of the poll, while those
supported were in a majority of cases
defeated badly.
The city of Chicago has for years
been known as a stronghold of organized labor and has advantages over
he smaller cities in many respects,
and has been known to carry on
strikes for a year or more at a time,
yet when the men who have made the
strike an obsolete weapon came forward for re-election the workers placed them where they will continue to
injure the interests of labor, if it is
possible lo injure people who have
not more than $250 between them and
starvation. Judging by court decisions, treatment by the police and
the actions of Congress, the United
States treat their working people
worse than any other nation, with the
possible exception of Russia, and in
no other country does the worker receive as small a percentage of his product as in the Republic below the 49th
parallel, but in spite of all these facts,
the workers' political movement is far
behind that of other countries.
What is the reason for this condition of affairs? The States have more
labor papers per capita than any
other country; every city of any importance has from one to a dozen labor
organization headquarters situated
therein, but the entire movement, from
a political standpoint, appears to be
rotten to the core.
The Socialist movement does' not
appear to be in any better shape.
Their platform, with its long list ol
immediate demands, does not appeal
to the working class, but tends tc
draw petty reformers who are more
concerned to make their propaganda
acceptable to their own kind than to
voice the one essential demand of the
workers. In the city of Chicago the
Socialist ticket of judges should have
polled at least 40 per cent, ot the vote
assisted as they were by "The Chicago Daily Socialist," containing daily
cartoons, many of them of high educational value. In addition to this,
the news and editorial columns of the
paper always contain some articles oi
vital Interest to the working class, the
effects of which are, however, to a
large extent nullified by stories of
graft that bring the paper Into the
same class as many of the capitalist
We would suggest that our American comrades cease trying to combine
the trade union, which is part and
parcel of the present system of society,
with the Socialist movement, which
should be the political expression ol
the working class, rather than a forum
for the political tricksters of the old
parties, and at the same time reduce
their platform to a few clauses enunciating what they really want, eliminating all the Immediate demands ihai
tend to confuse the issue, which musi
be set clearly before the workers il
any permanent results are to be expected.
The Socialist movement should be
one of education and the quality of the
propaganda will bo reflected by the
membership and by the results on elec-
Ion day . The membership should bi
confined, as far as possible, to recruits from the working class and
should a Fuslonlal or opportunist be
found ln the ranks, the sooner be le
retired the better for all concerned.
Although our movement In Canada
Is comparatively young, compared
wllh that of oilier countries, yet we
have followed the policy already set
forth and have made more real progress since that time than has been
made In the Untied Slates up to the
present. In the Province of British
Columbia, with a population of approximately 500.000, less than Vi of
ihat of Chicago, we have elected three
members In the Provincial Legislature, who have, since I heir election,
Introduced 70 bills and amendments
thereto, all of which wen' In the Interest or the working class alone.
All this has been done without compromising with anyone and without
the assistance of a daily paper, Ihe
value of which cannot be overestimated  If run along corrcci   lines.
The movement and the results will
be just exactly whal we make them,
and It is up to our American comrades to shape their I'1 Hey In a way
that will prevent a recurrence of the
defeals of the  pasi   year.
The Lyceum Theatre Sunday night
was the scene of a logical exposition
of scientific Socialism. The main
speakers were Mr. and Mrs. Lestor,
the English Marxians, and member-
elect Chas. O'Brien, held the boards
for a few closing remarks on the class
struggle in which he emphatically repudiated R. B. Bennett as a champion
of the working class.
Mrs. Lestor's remarks were naturally from the standpoint of the woman's
Interest in social conditions and political remedies therefor. She appealed
to her sex to open their eyes to the
fact that they were simply breeding
slaves for the capitalist market; and
declared that the mother's Instinct for
the protection of her young ought to
send them forth on a holy crusade
against evils in whose abatement they
are as yet given no political voice, but
against which they can nevertheless
hurl countless votes through their influence with their friends and rela
tives of the opposite sex. The man
who will not listen to the plea of
woman for the child Is not entitled to
receive woman's co-operation in pro
ducing children.
Mr. Lestor addressed himself more
to the basic maxims of Marxian phil
osophy. He declared that the truth
of economics could only be discerned
by those who were willing to put off
from their feet the shoes of private
Interest adverse to the general good
For this reason the workingman,
bearing as he does, by labor of hand
and brain the whole burden of providing the world's material necessities, is specially fitted to understand
eeonoiiie truth and wage the battle
of Industrial freedom. Being himself
a slave, able it is true to make some
choice of his particular master, but
none the less tied to the chariot
wheels of the class that controls the
jobs, he Is necessarily compelled to
raise kls entire class In order to help
himself; and the struggle of life therefore decrees that class consciousness
is bouad to increase and spread from
the very pertinacity of capital in continually seeking fresh dividends and
new aTenues of profit at the expense
of the worker.
. The supremacy of the capitalist
class having resulted from their capture .of political power when feudalism weit to pieces, It was now up to
the worker to capture the political
power ln his turn and by means of
that power turn capitalist property
ln the means of life Into working class
property. In this way the working
man stood forth as the savior of the
world from an era ot confusion and
gloom In that he was opening wide
the door of opportunity to all and
thus making possible for every one a
full and satisfying draught, of the
wholeness and gladness of human life.
Chas. O'Brien, M.P.P., followed the
Lestors with a half-hour exposition of
the class struggle, and In answer to
a question asserted that R. B. Bennett's position as the special representative of a section of the capitalist
class that just now was squealing "reform" because it was not getting as
much swill as it used to, was by no
means a passport entitled hlni to the
sympathies of the working people.
Let Mr. Bennett be given power to
work his legislative will and the actual producers of our country's wealth
would mighty soon see where they got
off. "I, alone," declared Mr. O'Brien,
"am Ihe real opposition at the Edmonton gab fort. If you want any measure
Introduced in opposition to ihe present
Industrial and economic system, send
down your request to your Uncle
The concluding hour for questions
and criticisms brought on quite a debate regarding anarchism in its antithesis lo the political tactics of the
Socialist Party. An apparently well-
educated European who championed
the side of philanthropic anarchy said
that Mr. Lestor was one of the most
loleranl Socialisls lie had ever met on
Ihe   platform.
JVere and 9fow
Nothing Is easier Ihan to give Christianity a Soclallsl tinge: but ns soon
ns a movement becomes respectable,
It loses all usefulness for the working
WANTED-Miners lo  keep away
Irom  ihe   Nicola  Valley,  ai ihe
strike is still on.
WANTED. A Socialist Traveling Companir n
'Round the World with Wilshlre's.
All Expenses and a Salary Paid.    A red hoi
Socialist preferred.   Write al once lor complete
Depl. 22 220 William St., New York.
Every Local that persistently pushes
the circulation of the Clarion makes
sure and steady progress. If YOUR
Local does not subscribe for a bundle
of Clarions each week and if it has
not its card in the Socialist Directory,
you make it YOUR business to bring
this matter up at your next meeting.
Every member, without exception,
should be a regular reader and subscriber of the party's paper. The extra cost PER MEMBER for bundle,
card and sub. is merely nominal when
RESULTS are considered. The party
was willing, to let one comrade bear
all the expense of getting out the
paper for over three years, and it Is
now up to the party collectively to do
so itself. Let every member do his
share—his duty—and there will be ao
deficit. Are you with us? Are you,
* •   •
Unable  to   withstand   the  jolts  of
Comrade Gribble, ten wanderers ask
to be shown the road to freedom, so
he sends along their names for immediate attention, and every week from
now on they will study the Clarion in
search of "the better way."
* •   •
Comrade W.  H.  Kyle of    Strome,
Alta., renews his own sub., but ha
thinks he eught to do more than that,
so he encloses four new ones.
■ «'•
A short note from Comrade F. Hyatt
informs us that the Lestors and O'-,
Brien comrades held a splendid meeting In the theatre at Calgary. As
usual, the comrade remembers the
Clarion and forwards two yearlles.
* • m
A bundle of "the paper that educates" will be used to "turn away" the
slaves of Bowden, Alta., from their
idols, thanks to the efforts of Charley
O'Brien, M.P.P.
• • •
Revelstoke boys pay up for their
card in the directory. And Fernle for
its weekly bundle, per Comrade J. L.
Thornley, who boosts with a list of
five yearlles and s^ets the party emblem.
• •   •
The secretary of Local Sandon, B.
C, renews his own sub. for another
year and also encloses the renewals
of two other comrades for the same
• •   •
Comrade W. Taylor of Winnipeg renews his own sub. for another year,
and, like a good Socialist, adds a new
yearly to the list.
• •    •
Winnipeg has a by-law prohibiting
free speech, but Comrade James
Thomson Informs us that the City
Council at its last meeting Introduced
a new by-law allowing free speech,
which, to Bave trouble, they should
lose no time In passing. Our comrade sends a renewal for a year with
a new one.
•   •   •
Still another from Winnipeg. This
time it Is Comrade G. Watson, who
sends his own and another comrade's
sub. for a year.
• •   •
A new sub. from each of the following hustlers arrives this week:
• •   •
P. C. Young, Woodstock, Ont.; R.
Stroud, Toronto, Ont.; F, J. McNey,
Gopher Head, Alta.; W. B. Smith,
Cheniainus, B. C.j Alex. Lyon, Toronto, Ont.; Frank Dempster, Vancouver,
B. C.j Abe Karme. Vancouver, B. C.j
I. A. Murray, Vancouver, B. C.j A.
Black, Hllcreat, B. C.j Hugh Hanna,
Vancouver. B. C.
• •    •
WATCH the number on your address hibel and don't let your sub. run
• *   •
A wilier In n local dally state that
local option" will be the "Issue" before the "public'' at the next election.
The cry of " a white Canada" is about
played out, so It Is necessary to manufacture a new issue lu order to .'ool
the worker once again, It will also
be necessary for the politicians to get
some new ball, as Joe Martin Is no
longer obtainable. Any old thing will
do to jolly along the Intelligent ('.')
elector. He Is a standing joke. There
can, however, be but one Issue worth
tho serious consideration of any decent person. SHALL CAPITAL OR
• •    •
The voters' list is like your brains;
of no use unless you use It. If your
name Is not on It, drop Into Labor
Hall or to any of the parlies' headquarters and gel It pul on right away.
Demand Cigars Bearing tnis Label
_ _ _ Union-made Cigars.
II'Ik^iM   i«..r.i>i«-«wiu'i»w«imiinwwii«crri<(«»nr i.-.
IViVsES^Jtt   n»»Comu ,n -,**«* in—am, — wM
rwSESwt »»"i''i,'»,''''lW*''w*'"'t<»*
Which Stand* for a Living 'Wage
Vancouver Lccal 357.
SATURDAY,  JUNE  19,  1909.
The annual report of the Chief Inspector of Factories and Workshops
lor 1908 has just been issued. The
report, which includes all factory inspectors' reports in the United KiiiK
dom, is a most piiiful official document dealing in many cases with heartrending accounts of the evils of sweated labor, of dangerous trades, of terrible sufferings of workers, of gross
Illegalities, of inhuman treatment of
employees, and worst of all, of instances where the workers. Who
through ignorance, brutal treatment or
coercion do not dare to seek or hope
for Improved conditions. Coming as
this report does from a capitalist government, it is certainly one of the
strongest condemnation of the capitalistic syetems that could be had,
but It is given out to the public by
the authorities with little hesitation,
for they know that as yet the workers
are indifferent to the terrible wrongs
that are perpetrated in the name of
capitalism upon the wage slaves of the
British Isles.
Here is what Miss Martindale, one
of the lady factory inspectors in Ireland, in giving her report, says:
"In collecting evidence against this
factory, I paid no less than 72 visits.
A report had been spread through the
town that if I won the case, and heating apparatus had to be installed, the
factory would be closed down, and as
the factory was one of the principal
means of support for the inhabitants
of the town, the report was calculated
to counteract my efforts. I provided
a popular subject of discussion for the
Inhabitants on what they called 'the
crusade against the factory.' Often
on presenting myself at the door of
a worker's house, I would see the girl
■whom I wished to interview, rush upstairs and hide in a bed-room."
Miss Martindale tells of her experience with the proprietor of a hotel,
who also kept a large general shop,
the post office and a hand weaving
shed. Declarations were obtained by
her from men who swore that their
■wages were kept back In payment for
their father's long-standing debts. Proceedings were taken and the little
court house was packed, but coercion
had been used by the employer and
the witnesses went back on their
declarations and swore that they received their wages in coin, and the
case was of course dismissed. Yet
Miss Martindale was told immediately afterwards that "the employer had
paid wages in goods from time immemorial and that every one in the
court room knew lt."
"Speaking of the evil effects of the
Industrial employment of children,"
Miss Martindale says, "in Belfast the
high Infantile death rate is depressing,
but it is hardly to be compared with
a high death rate amongst children
of 10 years of age and upwards. It
needs little power of imagination to
realize the pain and wretchedness
which must have proceeded those
deaths." After referring to children
of 9 and 10 years of age working full
time In mills, she concludes, "I have
no hesitation in saying that until public opinion is aroused, the children of
the Irish industrial classes will remain
weakly and undersized and the high
death rate will continue."
Coming on to England and Wales,
the report shows equally as bad, if not
worse conditions of the workers. In
some of the bake houses In the Southampton district the old custom of paying workers wages; parlly in money
and partly in bread and flour, still
flourishes. A girl of 16 was found in
charge of a boiler in a dark cellar
in the same district. A poiiery manufacturer was in the habit of lending
his employees CI (20 shillings) to be
repaid In four weekly Instalments of
6 shillings each, making a loial of 24
shillings deducted from the wages.
The men were never out of debt, and
some weeks would not only have no
wages to take home, but would still
be owing 6 or 12 shillings due on n
previous loan, in some beer bottling
works a pracllce was found to exist
where boys had to suck the syphon
filters to start the flow of beer. The
result was that drunkenness was of
dally occurrence amongst the boys.
In certain parts of Swansea and Cardiff, houses suitable for the working
class are so scarce that men sleep In
three relays of eight hours each In
the same bed. The kitchens are also
used for sleeping apartments. In another part of Wales, caked filth two
inches deep was picked up from the
floor of a bake house by an inspector.
Gentility and high rents are the
curse of London's West End dressmaking establishments. The workers
must be hidden away    in    basement
workrooms in the rear or on top of
buildings in order that they may not
wealthy or aristocratic customers who
care not under what conditions the
clothes are made.
Lead poisoning of women workers
engaged in industries where lead and
lead paint is used, adds another path
etic chapter to the report. Here is a
typical case: A celeste paintress,
aged 38 years, was a color duster £
years ago. While so occupied she re
ceived a severe attack of lead poison
lng from which she has" never recovered. She was ill with colic, and the
poison so affected her fingers and
wrists that she could not use her
hands. She had been married 15
years and had had ten children, nine
of which were dead and the one that
was living was ill the three years of
its life and could never walk on account of the lead poisoning it had received. The husband was injured in
the South African war and had been
an invalid ever since.
The report also states that the practice of sending children of tender
years to work half a day In a factory
and the other half to school, still flourishes in Lancashire, Yorkshire, Dundee and parts of Ireland, while in Oldham it is exceptionally bad.
Many other instances of cruelty,
sweating, dangerous occupations, child
labor, etc., amid be cited, as the report is made up of more than 200
closely printed pages and contains
scores of similar cases. It stands out
as a monument to the capitalist system, a dastardly disgrace to the capitalist who perpetrates such brutalities
on often time helpless women and
children and as a double dastardly
disgrace to the workmen of this country*-for allowing such a state of affairs to exist, when, with the remedy
he holds in his hand, the ballot, he
could put an end to it forever.
London, May 29th, 1909.
Comrade Editor: —
During the course of a conversation
carried on between two wage-slaves
who were yet unconverted, at the Carrall street forum, Vancouver, last Saturday evening, one slave who was still
kind of sleek looking, showing plainly
that he had a kind master, volunteered
the information to slave number two
that we must work; to which slave
number two mournfully agreed, sighed
and shuffled off with that peculiar
back-broken, knock-kneed, swivel-necked gait so characteristic of the twentieth century brand of serf.
I shuffled off after him and caught
him up at a well-known doughnut joint,
where lie was evidently going to lay
in a stock of nourishment sufficient to
enable him to reproduce his labor-
power, when occasion demanded. Taking a seat at the festive board I began
the hard task of trying to instil a
little hope into my fellow slave's slavish breast. Fortune seemed to frown
on me from the start, for he had evidently reached that stage of the slave's
evolution in which he was only living
out of curiosity, as to which form of
misfortune could happen next.
Between the bites of his imitation
or artiflciiil steak, commonly known as
Hamburger, or slave's steak, and the
intermittent sipping of a mahogany
colored hoi water, which Is what the
slaves fondly believe to be coffee, I
managed lo elicit the information in
answer to a question of mine "regarding a change of conditions," that he
did not know or care very much, "he
was not against Socialism." Anyhow,
he did not think it would come, It
would be very nice if it did, but he
wasn't going to trouble; he was still
mating and getting some sleep, and
if it were not for the fear of getting
out of a job, would be all right, although his exhausted physique denied
this, but evidently his poor, starved
mental families refused to grasp the
possibilities of a system based on production for use, instead of profit. But
a falnl ray of light seemed to enter
his brain can. when I made clecr the
rocess, under which he had been
skinned during the long years he had
been doing the serf stunt. He was
evidently wise.to the fact that he
was robbed, all right, but thought the
fifteen cents he was paying for the
dog meat he was devouring was part
of the process, Great was his 8.U1 prise
to find that was not so, but that Ihe
process only started on the job, where,
afler the first few hours, during which
he earned his own wages, and contributed to wear and tear of machinery,
etc., he started in grinding out surplus profits for the master class, which
profits  were   divided   up   among  the
various parasites hanging on the heels
of capitalism—such as landlords, money-lenders, real estate grafters, sky
pilots, magistrates, lawyers, soldiers,
police, and a whole host of others too
numerous to mention. This explanation had some effect. His lamps began to glow, with an expression like
unto a faint desire to stick his slave's
fork into some of his persecutors, and
thus showing some of the spirit of his
long forgotten ancestors, who sometimes went out and smote a few of
their betters, chosen by God to rule
over them.
Encouraged by this embryonic sign
of revolution, I sketched as vividly as
possible the dismal pit which still further awaited our doughnut-eating
slave, said doughnuts being ordered
on the strength of the newly acquired
knowledge of "not being robbed as a
consumer," but unfortunately the signs
of worse conditions to come, seemed
to take all the newly acquired spirit
from him, the hopelessness of hie case
seemed overwhelming nnd as he picked up the ticket, which is the proof
positive that you have eaten and sorrowfully passed over two dimes,
which must have looked like dollars,
by the loving attention he gave them,
picked up a tootpick lo disengage some
of the class-consc'ous doughnut which
refused to be swallowed, be remarked,
with a weary air, "what's the use, anyhow, if things are going to get worse?''
Which gave me achance to tell him
about the organization of impudent
slaves, who flout thei;- masters, who actually have the audacity to challenge
their authority to rule over Ihem, and
wliu have thrown down the gauntlet
to meet them in enmbat, mortal or
otherwise; these most impudent fellows who are clanging their chains in
their masters' faces; slaves who will
fight; slaves who laugh at the old suppositions, superstitions and traditions
with which the masters hold the rest
in bondage; slaves who ridicule with
contempt the efforts of the false prophets, soothsayers and fetish men of the
master class, who. with their baby
talk and by prattling sweet nothings,
think to hold men who have plucked
the forbidden fruit from the tree of
scientific investigation; slaves who
have thrown off their chains of mental
slavery, which held them in hell, from
which once free tbey never return, and
look back only to call their fellow
slaves to get a move on, and get out
of the mire, and take a look at the infinite possibilities at their command;
slaves who hold no sacrifice too great
for what they call the cause, and who
are growing in vast numbers and glorying In their strength; slaves who refuse to be the "glad perishers" described by a capitalistic novel; slaves
who have their own code of ethics and
methods of fighting, and who will one
day eventually overthrow the present
form of existing society and substitute
in its place a society in which there
will be no slaves.
The slave's eyes were now burning
with a new light of quiet determination and power, and I knew from then
on he would go through the process of
being born again. Every converted
wage-slave means a missionary who
will spread the gospel of discontent
and revolution.
J. franklin:
..iiru ninc'sf.rA
Thirty-seven  Others Sought  By  Diaz.
In the Maverick county jail at Eagle
Pass, Tex., lies Ihe Mexican revolutionist, Calixto Guerra, whose extradition is demanded by President Por-
flrio Diaz. No man in the United
States is more hungrily sought after
by the Mexican government at this
time than Calixto Guerra, because if
he goes shackled back to Mexico thirty-seven other patriots must go with
him. Guerra's case is to be made a
precedent for the extradition of all the
others. Around his neck hang the
lives of over a score of men.
A week ago not even the ever vigilant members of the Mexican liberal
party knew of the existence of this
secret list of names which Governor
Cardenas of the state of Coahulla had
transmitted to Governor Campbell of
Texas. Guerra might have been tried,
extradited, forging Ihe first link in a
long chain of trials, If the Political
Refugee Defense League had not sent
a special representative to Eagle Pass
to get Guerra's story and the evidence
introduced by the Mexican government in its requisition for his extradition.
The lawyers of Porflrlo Diaz have
prepared eighty-nine pages of charges
ln their demands for extradition; extracts from the Mexican penal code;
depositions of Mexican soldiers who
were in the fight at Las Vacas when
the revolutionists attacked the town;
sworn statements of officials who
viewed the scene after the battle; lists
of killed and wounded furnished by
the chief surgeon—In short, all the
data which goes to prove the existence of an uprising to destroy a government by revolution. This evidence
furnished by the Mexican government
would alone seem to be ample proof
that Calixto Guerra and his comrades
are no more criminals than were Ru-
dowitz and Pouren, whom the United
States refused to return to Russia on
the ground that political offenses are
not extraditable.
Just across the street from fife office of District Judge Douglas, upon
whose decision the fate of the political prisoner depend'!, is the yellow
brick, oven-hot little jail In which
Guerra has been confined since January. Twice a day the prisoner hears
the drumbeats of the Mexican soldiery
come throbbing over the Rio Grande
from Cuidad Porflrlo Diaz, the Mexican town at the end of the long bridge
which spans the river. Once he sets
fool on that bridge a prisoner, to be
handed over to the waiting rurales,
and the drumbeats will become louder
and louder, draw closer and closer,
until the mud wall and the file of
soldiers end all.
Calixto Guerra makes no denial of
the part he took in the bloody encounter between the forty-five revo-
lutlonlsts and eighty Mexican soldiers
of the Twelfth regiment stationed at
Las Vacas. The men of the Liberal
parly crossed the river before daylight to attack the town, drove the surprised garrison back through the
streets into sheltering bouses, burned
the roofs of these shelters over the
soldiers' heads until their foes fled
again to a final stand in the barrlcks,
and then, with the town practically in
their hands and the fight, won, were
forced to retreat because all of their
ammunition was exhausted.
I Twelve revolutionists were killed in
the desperate rushes through the
streets. Fearless Canales lost his life
while setting fire to the door of the
barracks. Wounded comrades were
carried back into the hills, hidden, and
by night taken across tbe river. It
was a brave fight for Mexican freedom, one of many that broke out on
the 20th of last. June all over the land
ruled by Diaz, but it failed—for the
time being.
Of the eighty soldiers, that had composed the garrison stationed al Las
Vacas, but seven remained alive and
uninjured, holding the bat-racks, by
reason of their plentiful supplies of
ammunition, to the end of the struggle.
The tall, thin, shadow-of-a-man who
told this story of the fight, as he sat
in the sheriff's office at Eagle Pass
will in a few weeks be either extradited to certain death, or freed under
the same right of asylum that America gave the Russian revolutionists.
Calixto Guerra, .Mexican patriot and
revolutionist, asks this question of the
American people:
'Shall I be the first political prisoner extradited from the United
What answer will America make lo
this man?
The demand of the Mexican government for the extradition of Guerra
will be fought by the Political Refugee
Defense League. Lawyers have been
employed to give Guerra every possible legal defense, and the services
of the well-known Texas attorney,
Walter Gillis, who successfully fought
the extradition of eight .Mexican patriots in 1906, has been retained by
the League.
Further information as to the progress of this fight, for the right of
asylum in America, will be given to
all those who send in their uames and
address to
Secretary,   Political   Refugee   Defense
180 Washington St., Chicago, 111.
(Continued from Page 1)
and swampless. Farmers A, C, D, E,
P and G jump in on the bush land;
Farmer B gets the clearing. They all
get 100 acres. Those on the bush land
work like Trojans early and late and
live frugally; It costs them $100 per
acre to clear their land. It takes
them say twenty years to clear and
drain it. If they wish to sell, all things
being equal, they could get $150 per
acre. Perclval would say that i;
right, Just and proper. But Farmer
B Is a lazy good-for-nothing who tolls
not, but lives on the fat of the land.
He can turn hfs farm over any old
time, all things being equal, for
$15,000. What would Percival call
that?   Right, just and proper?
The farmers' property, as does all
other property, conforms to certain
definite economic and social relations, and truth and justice and natural rights operate In all transactions with the same force which they
exerted when a human being stood
upon a block of wood and was knocked down to the highest bidder. Man,
whether he be farmer, frugal and hardworking, or millionaire, idle and prodigal, does not possess wealth meagre
or abundant because he has a right
to, but because social relations permitted him to do so, and until Perclval and others of like ilk recognize
that fact, the best place for them is
outside the S. P. of C.
The farmers' land is not capital any
more than the carpenter's tools or the
engineer's instruments. He may get
much or little for it, not because
Christ said, "Do unto your neighbor
as you would he should do unto you,"
but because of economic laws and social conditions. This always has been
and possibly always will be.
J. H.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore
master; the worker a slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the
reins of government all the powers of the State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies ln the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in tho means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to
secure it by political action. This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property In the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property of the
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
nse Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when In office, shall always and everywhere until the present system Is abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid the workers in
their class struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist
Party is for it; If it will not, the Socialist Party Is absolutely
opposed to lt.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs placed ln Its hands ln such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alone.
unless you know WHY you are one. The cause of Socialism has been
tremendously injured and retarded by the ignorance of those who
talk and write about it without a proper understanding of its principles. The foolish notion of "dividing up" and the story of the
"Irishman's two pigs" come from this source. The capitalist writer
and the speakers deliberately misrepresent our principles, but if every
comrade thoroughly understands Socialism, it will hasten the coming
of liberty for all.
"The Library Of Original Sources"
(In the Original Documents—Translated)
sweeps away the bigotry and superstition that lias accumulated around
Religion, Government, Law, Social Science, etc.—brings to light the
naked truth and shows why Socialism is coming. The "Documents"
cover as well the entire field of thought.
Prominent Socialists Say:
A. M. SIMONS: "Will be read
when novels are forgotten—easy
to grow enthusiastic over, difficult to find fault with."
VICTOR L. BERGER: "Of greatest value to Socialist students—
a treasure mine of information."
ERNEST UNTERMANN (Lecturer Scientific Socialism):
"Your kindness is most appreciated and I enclose check.
The Documents will be my most
valued companions this winter."
TOM CLIFFORD (Socialist Lecturer): "That which I have
longingly desired for years, and
which I must confess I despaired
of ever enjoying—'The Library
of Original Sources'—a service
to civilization."
Locals of the Socialist Party
could not make a better investment than a set of these books."
A. R. LIVINGSTON (Sec. Local,
Hackberry, Kas.): "I owe you
my thanks—greatest addition I
ever made to my library."
Longshoreman's Union, Seattle,
Wash.: "A boom to the working
class who have neither time nor
money to secure a university
(Lecturer Scientific Socialism):
"I regard it as the most valuable
part of my library."
stands like a pyramid in a
Not for "Scholars" but for Thinkers
The toilers, the "producers" who ire beginning to be disenthralled and think for themselvei.
University Research Extension, Milwaukee, Wis.
GENTLEMEN:—Please send review articles by Simons and Berger and
tell me how I can get the 10 volumes and a 20 year membership on a co-operative basis.   No obligation involved by this request.
Name ...
IJIf you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate oi cost of
installing the gae pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.
_l_ _-	


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