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Western Clarion Feb 25, 1911

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Array 620.
ii
II DRIES GET IT  .
RIGHT AND ►EFT
The Class Nature of Conservative Measures Closed by-
Socialist Members.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, Peb. 25, 1911.
sub-ciriptlon Priee mt ||
nxtXAX       11.11
Monday, Feb. 13, 1911.
Monday, Feb. 13, 1911.
Little of Interest to wageworkers
transpired today. Minister of Finance
Price Ellison made his Burget "speech"
—(which wsb type-written for him),
and Bowser's Act relating to Fire Insurance was in Committee. Parker
Williams found occasion to criticise
the latter for the powers given to the
Inspector, who is to be a composite of
detective, policeman prosecutor, judge,
jury and pallor.
The Coal Mines Regulation Act came
up again, Clauses 89 to 102 provided'
that special rules shall be established
in each mine to deal with the varying
local conditions prevailing, such rules
to be endorsed by the Chief Inspector,
and have force as If they were part of
the Act. The Minister of Mines may
object to and propose alterations to
any rule made by the management,
and the latter can demand arbitration
if they disapprove of the proposed alterations,  (but the miner cannot).
Clause 92 provides thut before the
special rules are sent to the Chief Inspector Ihey shall be posted up, together with n notice that any employee
who has an objection to offer can send
it to the Chief Inspector, for two
i weeks.
Parker Williams objected that the
clause as written could be complied
with In such a manner that the rules
would not come under the notice of
any one at all.
McBride's reply was inaudible, and
Williams answering said that it would
be a fatal error lo allow Ihe Premier's
statement to pass. No attempt had
been made to enforce the old Act, and
t as far as the House was concerned, if
the new Act was to be enforced, they
would have to consider the rules as
entirely new.
. McBride stated that the Department
would spare no effort to carry out the
rules. It was of very great importance
to do so. He appreciated the close
interest Parker Williams was taking
ln the matter, and was grateful for his
assistance. He would not oppose any
suggestion to make the Bill more effective. If Williams thought It necessary to go further ln notifying the
miners of the special rules, he, (McBride) nad no objection. Any proposal
to do so would be considered.
Clause 103 Hawthornthwaite drew
attention to the marginal note, which
stated "Employee subject to same pen
alty as owner, etc." in the Bill alongside the clause, as not accurate, and
McBride said It would be rectified.
Clause 110 Hawthornthwaite suggested that the words "so that" iu the
fourth line be struck out, and "shall'1
be Inserted after "person". The alteration was made, and the passage now
reads "No person shall be punished
twice for the same offense."
Clause 111 (Disqualifies certain persona from holding position as a court
in respect to any offense under the
Act) Hawthornthwaite amended by adding after "manager of a mine" the
words, "or any person holding stock
or financial interest in any mine."
The rest of the clauses down to
clause 115 passed without amendment,
the schedules at the end of the Bill
were taken aa read, and the committee
rose. (Several Important amendments
by the Socialist members are on the
order paper, and the BUI will probably
not go out of the committee and report
stages without further amendment.)
Tuesday, Feb. 14.
Bill 12, "An Act respecting Railways," was In committee, and Parker
Williams objected to clause 208 which
provides that a farmer had absolutely
no claim against a railroad company
for cattle killed on the road-crossing,
or within half a mile, If there Is a
person in charge, and allows anyone
to Impound such stray cattle.
McPhlllips and Bowser replied, and
the result of the argument was, briefly,
tbat under the Act a farmer had a
mighty poor show of getting compensa
tion for any of his   . lhat might
be killed on thi railway. (The Act,
however, will be of very limited application as it dealt, only with railways
under the lurlsdlction of the provincial government, 1
Wednesday, February 1E.li.
Th'. debate oi. he resolution agnlnst
the proposed reciprocity treaty with
thi' L... otates, moved on February
C.'< , was continued by McBride, who
si   ke strongly in support of it.
Hawti, -nthwalte suld ht had been
mon im >ressea by tho manner than
the aattiv 'f MoUride's speech In
favor the resolution. The premier
was inclines tb pride him-elf on being
a Britisher tnd Ul i tendency in that
direction mi^ht 11 ind him somewhat
as to the value questions of more
than a provincin. oharaoter. As far as
his own knowledge v .it the people of
Canada would as so n deal with the
people of the United States as with
any other country in tho world If lt
meant good business.
McPhlllips No, No.
Hawthornthwaite. Bu thoy would.
What dominated men If It was not
their material Interests? Sven the
member for the Islands himself would
put his patriotism and imperialism in
his pocket and do business with the
client from whom the most money was
to be extracted. He (the speaker)
would like to see frien■" relations
with the United States lultivated as
much as possible. They were largely
of the same blood au-l race as ourselves, and with similar traditions and
institutions. The boundary line was
purely an artificial one, and tin sooner
It wen removed the better it would be
for humanity and civilization.
McBride had treated the matte'
largelj aa a political one between the
Conservative and Liberal pi n i ■ i. and
one thing the premie, hac *«' i he
could agree with, that the J i*rence
between the two old parties wat- only
a small and sentimental one, i nine-
thing that the Socialists had consls,
ly maintained, and for which they now
had the authority of McBride hi
He hoped the time would sooi
when they would be force'' to I
together, ao that the workers ct,
whom they had to fight.
After criticising McBride's
ences to the Coast lumberme
had declared in favor of reciprocity)
as a direct threat, the speaker retorted
to the proposed agri' i°nt us <, good
thing, -is was anything that t 'led to
destroy the artificial barrier.! between
the nations. It would be a ■, joi' thing
If they were all torn down a; d prev int.
ed from being put up again the (">«-*tj
tallsts of the United States lesired In
see their lands and resource., reserved
for their own exploitation, and the
capitalists of Canada took the same
position, and on both sides of the line
they kept up the patriotic, flag-waving
cries ln order to preserve the distinctions between the different countries
of the world, ln the endeavor to maintain their position at tbe cost of mankind. Those natural values, it was
wise to remember, were purely potential, and could not be realized until
human labor was expended on them.
What these capitalists really exploited was human labor.
The principle that all progrt is
sprang from the method of productlor
was now accepted by the greatest
scientists of the world. Other factors
had an influence, but progress depended mainly on the method of product) A.
The United States had outstripped the
world In advanced methods, and was at
the head of the list of civilized nations.
That might not be palatable to a patriotic Britisher, but it was the case, and
they must accord the United States
that position. Why continue those artificial barriers? He failed to Bee any
reason tor doing so, unless It could be
shown that a direct advantage could
be gained by the people of B. C. He
disliked to place himself In opposition
to Parker Williams, a practical farmer
himself, who had Bald that In hh
opinion British Columbia was getting
the worst of the deal, and believed that
reciprocity and freo trade placed them
at a disadvantage. That argument
could not bu denied. It had been said
that the treaty would be an advantage
to workers ln the cities, by reducing
the cost of living, but that argument
was absurd, and had no foundation in
fact. Under a high tariff wages would
be high, but so also would be the cost
of living. If free trade obtained, and
prices were low, then wages were low
too. In the last analysis neither system
was of any advantage to the worker,
the cost of whose produclion (regulated by the law of supply and demand)
determined his wages. That wus not
altogether the ease of the farmer, and
he supposed he and Williams were
forced to line up and vote for the
resolution before the House, but ha did
not wish to let lt puss without explaining their position.
Many believed thst Ihe world was
our own and man our brother, but
today all were living under the sway
of competition and whether they liked
lt or not they had to protect themselves by every means in their power
as long as the present system continued. Those economic forces would continue to work until a new and cleaner
system came, and the differences between nation and nation were broken,
boundary lines and customs barriers
were removed, and if the Socialists
eo id do anything to help that process
ihey would do it. They would take
. ery opportunity to explain theii position and advance their view. When
the majority understood that position
they would speedily put an end lo
present conditions. The Unitei! dtati.'
had the highest tariff, yet thore thej
had enormous and growing poverty,
and they could see the same ln Great
Britain under free trade. Neither
system would solve the problem. If
British Columbia lived under a tariff
mountains high they would find that
conditions would still grow steadily
worse for the majority of the people.
Under free trade it would be the some,
tho same forces would speedily work
out, and conditions must, and would
tend towards the conditions prevailing
In Qreat Britain today. There was
nothing to be proud of In those conditions or In being a part of the British
Empire. He was very reluctantly compelled to vote for the resolution. (The
resolution then carried, only Brewster
voting against it.
Thursday, Feb. 16, 2:30 a. m. The
member tor Grand Forks (Miller)
moved the second reading of an Act to
amend the Legal Professions Act. He
explained lt as being ln the interests
of the legal profession in British
Columbia, who are being subject to
competition by an influx of cheap
sharks oi* the Bame kidney as themselves.
Parker Williams said that the Socialist Party in the House had been pretty
busy so far, and he had had no time
to look up the original Act to see what
effect the proposed amendment would
have. He had expected Miller to give
the House some idea of the import of
the Bill, but he (Williams) found that
he would still have to look into the
original Act tor that Information. One
thing he was sure of, and that was that
it would be of no interest to the workingmen of the Boundary district. Unless somebody produced some good
reasons tor not doing so, he would not
oppose the second reading.-
Hawthornthwaite Bald that he was
not ln the House when the BUI was
Introduced but Judged from a quick
glance at it that lt was a BUI to introduce more shyster lawyers into British
Columbia. He had a great respect tor
many lawyers, such as the member for
'he Islands and the Attorney General,
(laughter) but the Rill introduced by
the honorable member tor Grand Forks
was la the interests of sneaking little
horse-thieves. In the United States the
people protect themselves by making
examples of such by shooting them,
tarring and feathering, and riding them
(Continued on Page 3)
"Will Never Come"
»it.
•rive
up
fee
refer-
(who
"Socialism will never come." That
is the last ditch in whicn the enemy
makes a stand. After yon have almost spent your energy in assisting
him to lay the spectres of his Imagination which he raised as types of So-
Cl ism; the dividing up spectre; the
\ ltd ghost of equality; the abolition
or! private property bogy, and the hundred and one other phantoms of his
febrile brain; after you have done this
and you are leaning against the fence
tor support wondering where he is going to jump next, he takes to the last
ditch, and assures you from his wide
and deep study of human nature that
it Is impossible "Socialism wlll never
come."
He agrees with you that labor Is the
source of all wealth, he admits the logical sequence, that to labor It should
belong; he begins to see the robbery
which la hidden under surplus value;
he probably knows from woful experience the periodic panics caused by
glutted markets; he tells you that he
ta a Socialist at heart and always has
been, but and then he shakes his
head "Socialism will never come."
This man is a type of thousands, millions perhaps, who seem to be permeated with an idea of the fixedness of
the present form of society. They look
upon lt with all its horrorB, its contradictions and absurdities, as the
very pinnacle of perfection which ls
por ihle to man. They say, before you
can proceed a step further, you will
have to change human nature, forgetting that human nature too is largely
the product of human environment and
It coi-ptantly adapting itself to the
chimges in civilization
But instead of everything being as
tbey imagine ln a state of fixedness,
everything Is, on the contrary, In a
state of flux. This Is plain to them
as regards past history, but they cannot apparently focus their mental eye
on the changes which are undermining
our industrial, political, social and religious life of today. When capital-
Ism falls, lt will not fall alone, but will
drag down with it all those institutions which it built up to protect Itself
from assault. We, who do not wear
green spectacles, can plainly see the
REFORM, SDCIAL
AND MORAL
Their Alleged Objects Attainable Not by Reform But Only
by Revolution.
beginning of the end of bourgeois rule
and we can also see the crumbling of
tbe foundation of some of the institutions which have helped it to gain and
preserve its power. With the introduction of capitalism and its freedom
of trade we have also the introduction
of freedom of religion. Freedom to
think what you like and believe what
you like about Oods, and Devils, and
Principalities and Powers, and so we
have the origin of all kinds of sects
from the Holy Rollers to the English
Church. And just aa free competition
has left capitalism high and dry, freedom of thought Is leaving religion
higher and dryer day by day. The decay of capitalism haa ItB reflex In the
decay of the sects. According to the
annual reports from England we are informed that Wealeynn Methodism has
shown a continuous numerical decline
tor the past five years. The Baptists
and Congregationallsts and Church
men are also bemoaning the steady decline of members.   Their activities are
being multiplied; more churches are junder which society ls regulated. That
being built but still the rot spreads. I|g to say, that whatsoever is wrong
Revivals,   concerts,   bazaars,   smoke- 'socially and morally with the people,
To need reforms of any kind, there
must be something wrong; something
which needs reforming. As there are,
in various places, such movements
known as Social and Moral Reform
leagues, It of necesalty follows that all
la not well with the people, socially
or morally. It may be a matter of
opinion as to the extent of the evil,
and as the majority of- Social and Moral reform leagues are composed, to a
large extent of fanatics, lt is of little
use expecting to come to a sane conclusion through them. However, I do
not propose dealing with the composition of the leagues, but rather, whether
or not morality is Improved by reforms, such as are practiced today.
Now, I would like to ask, what ts
the cause of immorality? Environment
plays, it is admitted, a very important
part What determines the environment? Economic conditions. Then.
I would like to ask, does social and
moral reform deal with the economic
conditions and consequently the environment? No! Do we find social
and moral reformers seeking to establish a condition, whereby people could
be elevated from their existing environments to a place where it would
be possible tor tbem to develop higher
ideals?
Whil'st people are perpetually in a
state of semi-starvation, can we expect Immorality to be eradicated? Can
we imagine a child reared in squalor,
misery, and vice, developing into a
moral adult? The young woman, can
she be expected to keep pure and fresh
on the paltry wages that too often are
paid her? One might go on naming
other causes but the above will do as
illustrations. What does social and
moral reform do tor them?
In some countries, special courts are
useil for the hearing of mic-demeanours
of children and where special punishments are administered, with a view
of reclaiming them from becoming habitual criminals.
The effect upon the children has
been a failure. By the time they bloB-
som forth as criminals, they have passed the period when the foundation of
the character is laid.
The reformer again takes no care
about the young woman, until she is
forced, by economic necessity, upon the
street. She Is then hunted from place
to place. The evil, however, cannot be
got rid of ln tbat way. She has to
live, and for a time at least, she is
offered a good standard of living by
the sale of her virtue. Instead of becoming better socially nnd morally, the
people are getting wor.te. What is the
cause?.
I mentioned earlier that we nre the
products of an environment; that econ.
omic conditions? The order or system
vlronment. What determines the economic conditions?   The order  osrystem
rooms, recreation, rooms, pleasant Sunday afternoons and numerous other
hooks have been baited but all to no
purpose, the membership declines. It
was thought at first that God had gone
on a journey and that this loss, in
spite of all the sighing and groaning
In prayer meetings, was only temporary. It is now known, however(-that
God has gone for good. Borne churches
have been restating their creeds to try
and bring them more into line with
science and thus wlll prolong their existence somewhat, but the great majority will stand pat, like the bull on
the railroad, until they get a heave in
the chest tbat will make them quit
their idea of fixedness. Heaven and
earth shall pass away let alone Methodism or any other brand of religion.
We Socialists can't help these
things any more than you can. We
would advise you, however, to study
theae changes and if you think our Socialist conceptions and interpretations
of them are not correct, let us have
yours.
GEORGE F. STERLING
is due to the existing system of society, and if we want a better social
and moral people, we must change the
system.
It ls agreed that good housing accommodation, good food, good clothes,
good education, some recreation and
some work tend to Improve the morals, so what syBtem can wo have that
wlll give us those thingB?
Today the people are worse fed, 111-
housed and have shoddy clotheB, very
Utile education, and very litle recreation Indeed, and a hell of a pile of
work (If fortunate). And that Ib the
effect of the existing system, known
as the competitive system of production for profits. The Bystcm required
must be the antithesis of that one. Socialism answers the requirements. It
Is not enough, however, simply to make
that assertion.   It must be proved.
Socialism stands for the collective
ownership, by the people, of all means
of production. Each and every Individual must produce tor their own and
family's need. That ls where the proletarian of today comes ln.   Instead of
producing for a bunch of parasites, who
take, approximately four-fifths ot his
products, he will only need to produce
for himself and family. His working
hours will of necessity be shorter,
which wlll leave time tor education,
recreation and study. Better housing
accommodation will be possible, also
a higher standard of living. A feeling
of contentment wlll take the place of
the present feeling of uncertainty.
Higher ideals will be developed and
morals Improved. The children will
bave imparted to them all that is best
and healthy, will live and develop under the most favorable conditions. The
result will be healthy men and women,
healthy homes, healthy morals. That
ls how lt will effect the proletariat
How wlll It affect the parasite class?
Immorality among the parasite
bunch is as much a plague spot as
among the very poor. It Is, however,
he outcome of different causes, though,
none the less, it can be traced to oar
present system of society. The immorality among them is due, either to idleness, or the love of luxury. With th*
advent of Socialism, however, idleness would perish, and when It comet
to having to produce for oneself, the
love of luxury would die a natural
death.
The next question ls how to get the
change? When our early fathers want-
ad anything they went right after It.
Today if we want a thing we are apt
to say its a shame we have not got lt,
and let the matter drop.
If there is anything to be dropped, It
must be that attitude. It Is no use
saying ItB a shame. No use believing
in some supernatural power. No use
believing in the goodness of man's
heart (whatever the quality of that organ may have to do with the behaviour
of man). No use believing it will come
any other way than by our own energy and insistence. Than by ths use
of that power which is ours, and which
constitutes right. Something is wanted. That something is a change In the
system of society. That change will
mean to the proletarians, participation
in the good things of this life. Tbat
participation will mean health and
happiness and enjoyment for our children.
To social and moral reformers, I say;
stop tinkering with effects, eradicate
the cause, for by patching up , you are
keeping back the day when the proletarians shall have ceased to exist at
such, and shall come Into their own by
collectively owning the means ot life.
W. Laurence.
MORE CLA8S STRUGGLE.
Chicago, Feb. lflth.—The queerest
strike on record is on here today.
Thousands bave walked out because
they wanted more pay and shorter
hours, but the Sheet Metal Workers at
the New Columbia theatre struck rather than obey an order to loaf at full
pay.
Tbe hanging of a door is responsible
for the trouble. Heretofore carpenter!
have hung the theatre doors and tbey
started to hang thla particular one.
ThlB door, however, was no ordinary
one, but was covered with sheet metal
and the metal workers declared that It
was their job. The carpenters claimed
tbat tbey should do it. To settle the
difficulty the contractors offered to pay
the metal workers their full sixty cents
an hour to loaf while the carpenters
finished the job. Nothing doing! When
the same offer was made to the carpenters they, too, refused to loaf. When
the contractors ordered both unlont to
leave the door unswung, the metal
workers struck.—News Item.
Behold," he said, our lands, woods,
mines, mlllH, ships,
See on yon pole our ensign wavea
and dips.
"I see," my friend, I said, "I also know,
Your kind sleeps mostly down in tea-
cent kips. two
—- *'"- -"-•'
JZS.
the Western clarion. Vancouver, British Columbia
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 25th, 191*1
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621
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8ATURDAY, FEBRUARY 25th, 1911
HISTORIC MATERIALISM.
Historic Materialism, or the Materialist Conception of History is that conception which arises from the examination of historic facts in the light of the
determlnist principle. History is the
story of the human race, or of a portion of it. Consequently it is in the
nature of a landscape painting In that
it necessarily confines itself to the
prominent features, rather than to detail. What are the really prominent features of history depends of course on
whether hiatory is viewed from the
classical or the materialist standpoint. The main difference between
the classical and the materialist conception of history is that the one deals
with deeds, and the other with happenings, as will appear.
. The histories extant belong, almost
exclusively, to the former school, and
naturally so because their writers have
been taught, and have accepted as a
matter of course, that man is a free
agent, more or less the master of his
own destiny. "Prom which it follows
that peoples, and the human race generally, are also free agents and their
histories consiat of their actions. Of
these actions, the most spectacular appear to the classical historian as the
most important.
So we flnd the classical histories devoted almost exclusively to chronicling
wars, rebellions, and the deeds and
misdeeds of rulers and conquerors,
with a marked tendency In the more
modern histories to extol the virtues,
real or supposltous of their monarchs
and "great men" generally, and particularly these more recent, and to
conceal their faults and failings. Further, the charge ls frequently levelled
at their authors of seeking to glorify
rulership and class institutions for the
purpose of blinding the ruled to their
real Interests. We are, however, disinclined to credit them with so much
ill-disposed acumen, and are of opinion
that the appearance of doing so arises
not from any design on their part as
from the tact that they themselves are
imbued with the class ideas which
they promulgate as a matter of course.
On the other hand, history of the materialist school is the very reverse of
the above. Its basis is that man ls
not a free agent but a creature of circumstance. That he has not been
created but has grown, and is growing.
Tbat environment has moulded him to
hit present form and characteristics
upon a base determined by heredity,
which Itself, again, is but the effect of
the environment of bis progenitors.
That his actions are merely the reactions of a so-constructed being under
the impulses of the circumstances sur-
rundlng him. Their individual mem-
best being thus, the races and peoples
are also creatures of circumstance;
their'histories are the records of their
growth and development, and the important features of these histories are
not* the spectacular effects, but tbe
underlying causes which occasion
theae.
History, then, ls elevated from the
category of more or less informative
and Interesting literature, and is trans,
ported to the domain of science. It be.
comes a department of biology. Its
study ceases to be a genealogy of
kings and princes, a tabulation of dates
or a critique of tbe characters ot individuals. It becomes a research into
and piecing together of a vast chain of
causation. Attilla, Alexander, Napoleon, Washington, cease to be mighty
heroes or villains and become mere Instruments ln the working out of human
evolution.
Man's primal imptiise is to live—to
procure his living. The circumstances
attendant upon the procuring of his
living are therefore the circumstances
Which will have the greatest and most
far-reaching effect in determining his
habits and ideas. Cannibalism, however repulsive it may appear to us, to
the canlbal, being a part of his mode
of procuring a living, seems a mere
matter of course. Socially the means
of life may be more readily and securely procured; Boelal life appears, therefore, perfectly natural. By the enslave,
ment, ln its varied forms, of tbe weaker
by the more powerful, the latter may
procure the means of life more secure,
ly and easily. Slavery appears to them
therefore, right and just, ln fact, the
prevailing mode of slavery always
seems no slavery at all, and the discontent and revolt of the enslaved
seems culpable and even ungrateful.
All things that tend to justify and con.
serve a system are themselves justified and accepted. Behind It all lies
the primal impulse to live and procure
a living, more or less complex as the
process of procuring the living may be
and whatever wants and desires may
go to make up the living to be procured.
It is the study and elaboration of
this discovery which haB given rise to
the general formula of historic materialism that, in any given society, its
structure, government, laws, religion,
philosophy, habits, customs and Ideas
are determined by its mode of produc
tion of the means of life.
ANNEXATION
ATEIMTS
tmSnmMm$m
"*Sti MUCIb WC  MUIUCM Oi   nsiiuislCItlrtfrs,
HWftTaceru and others who realize the ed liability of baring their Patent business transacted
bv K«peit-t Prellmlnaryadvice free. Charges
■Mdeial, Oar hr*eaUt*t Adrlaer *«y-*?K»
request. Marlon* Marion, NewYorklife Bids,
Montreal: '-nd Waikington. 1* C, V.&JL.
That wild annexation talk of Champ's
ls likely to make it bad tor reciprocity, and rob it of the only, good feature that adorned it. For, whatever or
whoever else reciprocity might or
might not be good tor, it waa, till
Champ's mouth flew open, good for the
re-election of the Liberal Party. There
was nothing else in the lime-light, or
on the stage even, in the way of campaign material tor either party. True
the Liberals had instituted a "Navy"
but they haven't had it long enough
tor the booze bills to become public.
Otherwise, session Tatter session, they
have done nothing, painstakingly and
almost Interminably. The Conseva-
tives could hardly make a case against
them on their record for it is, for poll-
ticians, one of alabaster purity, thanks
to a liberal use of the good old fashioned whitewash brush. And for the
Liberals to dig into the Tory record
for campaign material would be too
much in the nature of antiquarian research to be relished by the average
elector. So reciprocity was good, and
no criticism thereof would buy the
Tories much.
But now it looks not so well. Wben
lt comes to waving the old flag, that's
right where the Tories live, and so,
what with born Tories, electors whom
a tariff reduction catches near the
pocket book and patriots, they might
roll up quite a vote. For the British
object is patriotic it he ia nothing elae,
particularly if he is nothing else,
which he mostly Is. He loves his
country whether he has one or not, and
has a really touching attachment to
his native soil the further away he la
from it, even if he has had to leave
it under pain of starvation.
Consequently if this annexation talk
can be exploited as it promises, the
likelihood is that a Dominion election
will be postponed to a more auspicious
occasion. It may even go to such
length that reciprocity may have to
be abandoned for the time being and
Jim Hill be compelled to wait tor his
increased volume of traffic.
But for us,' we would like te be
shown what difference annexation
would make anyhow. Laying aside
Buch minor differences as the wording
of a constitution or the color scheme
of a yard of bunting, what have we got
or not got that the bunch across the
line hasn't or has. We have frenzied
financiers, captains of Industry, drunken judges, debauched senators,
wealthy timber thieves, expert labor-
skinners, Anglo-Roman-Franco - Teutonic-American capital, and so forth.
We have slaved on both sides of the
line and one coal mine was very like
another, and, aa to our fellow-slaves,
If we had fallen among them from an
airship we should have been hard put
to it to tell whether that aggregation
of Missourlans, Nova Scotians, Taffies, Scotties, Geordles, Cousin-Jacks,
Slavs, Huns, Finns, Italians and New
Africans, were "Canadians" or "Americans."
One system grows out of another sys.
tern by evolutionary process, just as a
new machine grows out of an older
machine. Most .. modern machines
would be impossible of construction
if it were not for the parent machine
which, made the parts of their successors.
Local Enderby has undergone the
Initial organizing process and we have
a nucleus of membership on which to
build up a good local. All unattached
comrades ln Enderby or Mabel Lake
Valley or Deep-creek should join the
Enderby local. Send your name to
Percy Rosoman, Enderby, B. C, the
secretary of the new local—and don't
forget to send $1.00 along with your
name; this is the Initiation fee and
also pays the flrst month's dues. All
receipts will be acknowledged. If you
don't take the Party paper—the Western Clarion, enclose $1:0*0 extra for
that and I will see that you get it.
(Percy Rosoman, Secy.). Other officers
at present are Bernard Rosoman, treasurer end G. O. Desmond, organizer, J.
Pilkington, literature department. Jim
Johnson was sick but will be amongst
us and he Is a host in himself when he
gets busy. P. ROSOMAN,
PARIS COMMUNE.
In commemoration of tbe fortieth
anniversary of the inauguration of the
Paris Commune a banquet will be held
ln the Headquarters of the S. P. of C,
2237 Main Street, Saturday, March 18,
Tickets I1.00.
BRANDON  DRAW
Editor Clarion:—
The result of the draw held by
Brandon Local on February 15 was as
follows:
No.
(1)—P. Taylor, Sydney MlneB 166
(2)—D.   McKenzie,   Brandon 492
(3)—L. Kemp, Brantford, Ont 481
(4)—H. Laidlaw, Winnipeg  47
(5)—Jake Hart, Brandon   571
(6)—J. Peakman, Brandon  575
(7)—M. J. Matherson, Vernon, B. C. 869
(8)—Erie Kahn, Brandon   20>
(9)—Sam Tereskl, Brandon  141
(10)—John Webster,    Portage    la
Prairie     64
(11)—W. J. Hlggens, Brandon ....416
The draw was made by R. Kellaway,
who is the President of the local
branch of the Bricklayers' and Masons' International Union. The draw
waa a great success and we wish to
take this opportunity ot thanking the
readers of the Clarion for their assistance.
Yours in revolt
A. T. HIGGENS
. Secretary of Draw Com,
Vancouver Economic Class
The "root hog or die" idea Is bad
enough, but when it comes to both
"root" and "die," it ls worse yet. The
reason why the wage object dies before his time—of overwork, starvation etc,—ls because he does not get
to the root of the trouble at all.
PARAGRAPHS.
The Okanagan comrades ought to
concentrate their "fire" on Armstrong
—that heretofore unapproachable town
where hall rent is so high and so many
yellow-legged ha-de-dooes of the decadent middle class Infest the fertile real estate. This town is our weak
point. Are there not some comrades
there who are determined enough to
make use of Desmond while he ls here,
and stay with him till that town and
Its environments have been circum-
organlted?
The Equivalent Form of Value.
We have seen that commodity A (the
linen), by expressing its value in the
use-value of a commodity differing in
kind (the coat), at the same time
impresses upon the latter a specific
form of value, namely, that of the
equivalent. The commodity linen
manifests its quality of having a value
by the fact that the coat, without having assumed a value form different
from its bodily form, is equated to
the linen.
The fact that the latter therefore
has a value is expressed by saying
that the coat ls directly exchangeable
with it. Therefore, when we say that
a commodity la in the equivalent form,
we expre8s the fact that Ib directly
exchangeable with other commodities.
When one commodity, such as a coat,
serves as the equivalent of another,
such as linen, and coats, consequently
acquire the characteristic property of
being directly exchangeable with linen,
we are far from knowing In what proportion the two are exchangeable. The
value of the linen being given in magnitude, that proportion depends on tbe
value of the coat.
Whether the coat serves aB the equivalent and the linen as relative value,
or the linen as the equivalent and the
coat as relative value, the magnitude
of the coat's value is determined, independently of its value form, by the
labor time necessary for its production.
But whenever the coat assumes in
the equation of value, the position of
equivalent, its value acquires no quantitative expression; on the contrary,
the commodity coat now figures only as
a definite quantity of some article.
For Instance, 40 yards of linen are
worth—what? 2 coats. Because the
commodity coat here plays the part
of equivalent, because the use-value
coat, as opposed to the linen, figures
as an embodiment of value, therefore
a definite number of coats suffices to
express the definite quantity of value
in the linen.
Two coats may therefore express
the quantity of value of 40 yards of
linen, but they can never express the
quantity of their own value.
A superficial observation of this fact,
namely, that ln the equation of value,
the equivalent figures exclusively as
a simple quantity of some article, of
some use-value, has misled Bailey, as
also many others, both before and after
him, into seeing, in the expression of
value, merely a quantitative relation.
The truth being that when a commo.
dlty acts as equivalent, no quantitative
determination***** Its value Is express-
The first peculiarity that strikes us,
in considering the form of the equivalent, is this: use-value becomes the
form of manifestation, the phenomenal
form ot Its. opposite, value. . -
The bodily form of the commodity
becomes its value form	
But, mark well, that this quid pro
quo exists in the case of any commodity B, only when some other commodity
A enters Into a value relation with it,
and then only within the limits of this
relation.
Since no commodity can stand ln the
relation ot equivalent to itself, and thus
turn its own bodily shape into the expression of its own value, every commodity ls compelled to choose some
other commodity for Its equivalent, and
to accept the use-value, that ls to say,
the bodily shape of that other commodity as the form of Its own value.
One of the measures that we apply
to commodities as material substances,
as use-values, will serve to illustrate
this point. A sugar-loaf being a body,
is heavy, and therefore has weight:
but we can neither see nor touch this
weight. We then take various pieces
of iron, whose weight has been determined beforehand. The iron, as
iron, ls no more the form of manifestation of weight than is the sugar-loaf.
Nevertheless, In order to expresa the
sugar-loaf as so much weight, we put
it into a weight-relation with the Iron.
In this relation, the iron as a body
represents nothing but weight. A
certain quantity of Iron therefore serves as the measure of the weight of
the sugar, and represents, ln relation
to the sugar-loaf, weight embodied, the
form of manifestation of weight.
This part is played by the iron only
within this relation, into which the
sugar or any other body, whose weight
has to be determined, enters with the
iron. Were they not both heavy, they
could not enter into this relation, and
the one could therefore not serve as
the expression of the weight of the
other. When we throw both into the
scales, we Bee in reality, that aa weight
they are both the same, and that, there,
fore, when taken In proper proportions,
they have the same weight. Just as
the substance iron as a measure of
weight, represents in relation to the
sugar-lc.*f weight alone, so, in our expression of value, the material object,
coat, in : elation to the linen represents
value alone.
Here, however, the analogy ceases.
The iron, in the expression of the
weight of the sugar-loaf represents a
natural property common to both bodies, namely their weight; but the coat
in the expression of value of the linen
represents a non-natural property of
of both, something purely social, name.
ly, tbelr value.
(Continued next week.)
DISCUSSION   IN  CLASS  ON
EXTRACT   FROM   "CAPITAL"
CLARION, FEB. 18, 1911
The value-form expresses a definite
quantity  of  value,   besides   value   ln
general.
Every variation in tbe productiveness of labor is accompanied by a
change ln the amount of labor time ne.
cessary to produce a commodity.
We shall see how such change affects
the quantitative aspect of the relative
expression of value.
■ If the value of linen varies, so that
twice the precious amount of labor is
now necessary to produce a given
quantity, and in the meantime the value of the coat remains constant, then,
instead of the equation 20 yards linen
equals 1 coat, we have, now, 20 yards
linen equals 2 coats, because one coat
now contains only half the amount of
labor contained in 20 yards of linen.
Linen has doubled in value.
But should the labor time necessary
to produce linen be reduced by one-
half then 20 yards of linen equal
one half coat. In this case the value
of linen has fallen by one-half.
ThUB, the value of coats remaining
constant, the relative value of linen,
expressed in coats, varies directly aa
ItB (the linen's) actual value.
Should the value of the linen remain
constant and that of the coat vary and
the labor-time necessary tor the production of a coat become doubled, we
have, 20 yards linen equals one half
coat; If the labor time necessary ln the
production of a coat be halved, we have
20 yards linen equals 2 coats.
Here, the value of linen remaining
constant, its relative value, as express,
ed in coats varies inversely as the
value of coats..
If the labor time necessary for the
production of linen and coats should
vary at the same time, in the same
direction, and in the same proportion,
their relative values continue to be
the same. Their change in actual
value can only become evident when
they are compared with a third commodity whose value has remained unchanged.
It may be seen that should tbe labor,
time necessary to produce linen and
coats vary at the same time, ln the
same direction or opposite directions',
or ln equal or unequal rates, etc., the
effect may be deduced from the examples given.
Changes in the magnitude of value
are not shown clearly in the equation
expressing the magnitude of relative
value.
EWEN  MACLEOD,
Secretary Press Committee.
(Class   meets   every   Sunday,   2237
Westminster Avenue, 3:30 p. m.)
Mathematics class at 2 p.m.
Socialist Directory
Every local of the Socialist Party
of Canada should run a card under this
head. $1.00 per month. Secretaries
please note.
DOHIIION  EXECUTIVE  COMMITTEE
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 1688, Vancouver,  B.  C.
COLUMBIA     PBOVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meet** every alternate
Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
ALBERT A   PBOYXNCXAX,   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday ln
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary wlll be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement in the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
Alta.
MANITOBA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee: Notice—This card Is
Inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" interested in the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party;trio if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
secretary, W. H. Stebblngs. Address,
316 Good street, Winnipeg.
LOOAL   FEBNLC,   B.   P.   of   O.   HOLDS
. educational meetings In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle, every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business
meeting first Sunday in each month,
same place at 2:30 p. m.
David Pttton, Secy., Box 101.
LOCAL    GREENWOOD,   B.   C,   NO.    9,
S. P. of C, meets every Sunday evening at Miners' Union Hall, Greenwood.
Visiting comrades invited to call. C.
G.  Johnson,  Secretary.
LOOAL   LADYSMITH  NO.  10,   8.  P.  ol
C. Business meetings every Saturda*-
7 p.m. ln headquarters on First Ave
J.   H.  Burrough,  Box   31,  Ladysmith
LOOAL  VANCOUVEB,  B.  O.,  NO. 46.-'.
£«&V im. hlletB   every   second     and
fourth Thursdays ln the month at -237
"Myntti Ayenu<-      Secretary.    Wri.
I',iSA«    XEBW0:,r  »•   °-   »»•   38,  «.   »
of O.    Meets every Tuesday,  8 p.  m
?v0r&   ™,L'  °' iV  Ha"- Tronson St
W.  H.  Gllmore, Secretary.
LOCAL VICTOBXA, NO. 9,   .«. P. OP 0
"•■"•douiirtera     ulld    Kead|llg    Roo~
EJ3 Johnston St.   Opposite Queens Hotel.    Business meeting every Tuesdaj
evening   8 p.m.    Propaganda meetings
every  Sunday  at Grand  Theatre.
T. Gray. Secretary.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO.     t.
Miners' Hall and Opera House—Prona-
ganda meetings at 8 p. m. on the first
and third Sundays of the month. Business meetings on Thursday evenings
lollowlng propaganda meetings at ». ■
Organizer, T. Steele, Coleman, Alta.;
secretary, Jus. Glendenniiig, Box 63
Coleman, Alta. Visitors may receive
information any day at Miners' Hall'
from Com. \V. Graham, secretary of
U.  M.  W,   of A. *
LOCAL CALOABT, ALTA., No. 4, B. T.
ol c. Meetings every Sunday at i
P-,'.mLj,n tlle Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Club1
and Heading Room. Labor Hall, r,
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Maedonald,   Organizer,  Box   647. (
LOCAL  EDMONTON, ALTA.,  NO. 1,  8.
P. of C. Hearquarters 622 First St..-
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp
Our Rending Room ls open to the public tree, from 111 a.m. to 11 p.m. dally
F. Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., Secretary. Treasurer, T. Btssett, 322 Fourth
St., Organizer. j
LOOAL MICHEL, B. C, NO. 18, B. T. OF
C, meets every Sunday in Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. m. Socialist speakers
are invited to call. V. Frodsham, Secretary.
LOCAL LETHBRIDGE,, ALTA., NO. 18.
S. P. of C—Meets 1st and 3rd Sunday In the month, at 4 p.m. Itt
Miners' Hall. Secretary, Chae.
Peacock, Box 1983,
LOCAL REGINA, SASK., NO. 8.  MEETS
every Sunday at 7:30 p.m., in Trades
Hall, hearth Street. Busine-s meet-.
inga 2nd und 4th Fridays at 8 p.m.
Trades Hall, Secretary B. Simmons,
Box  1046.
LOCAL MABA, B. 0., NO. 34, S. P. of C,
Meets flrst Sunday In e\ery month in
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Roscman,   Recording   Secretary.
LOCAL MOYIE, B. C, NO. 30.—MEETS
second Sunduy 7:30 p.m. in McGregor
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
Secretary.
LOCAL  NANAIMO,  NO.   8,  8.  P.  of  C.
meets every alternate Sunday evening
In Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
A.  Jordan, Secy,   liux 410.
LOCAL NELSON, 8. P. of C, MEETS
every Friday evening at 8 p. in., it-
Miners' Hall, Nelson. B. C. I. A. Aus
tin. Secy.
LOOAL PBINCE BUPEBT, B. C, No. 83,
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday in
hall in Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. m.    L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
LOOAL   BEVELSTOXE,   B.   C,   NO.   7,
S. P. of C. Business meetings at .Socialist headquarters fourth Thursdavs
of each month. T. S. Cassidy, Orgu'n-
izer; B. F. Gnyman, Secretary.
LOOAL X0B8LAND, NO. 26, 8. P. of C
meets in Miners' Hall every Sundav al
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell, Secy., P. O
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Financiers' Hall, Sundays al
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Bo>
54 Rossland.
LOOAL    VANCOUVEB,    B.  0.,  NO.  1	
Canada.       Business     meetings     every
Tuesday evening at heudquarters, 2237
AVestminster Ave.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 1688.
LOOAL SOUTH FONT GEORGE NO. 81,
headquarters and public reading room,
Show building, Hamilton street. Business meetings every Saturduy night nt
8 p. m. Nell McLean, secretary, John
Mclnnls, organizer. Comrades contemplating coming to Fort George are
earnestly requested to write for reliable  information.
LOCAL WINNIPEG, MAN., NO. 1, 8. P.
of C. Headquarters, 628 1-2 Mala
Street. Room No. 2, next Dreamland
1 heatre. Business meeting every alternate Monday evening at 8 p.m.;
propaganda meeting every Wednesday
at 8 p.m.: economic class every Sunday afternoon, 3 p.m. Organizer, Hugh
Laldlow, Room 2, 628 1-2 Main Street.
Secretary, J. \v. Hillings, 270 Young
Street.
LOCAL     NO.     24,     TOBONTO,   ONT.— '
Heudquarters,    10   and   12    Alice    8L J
(near    Yonge).      Business    meetlnge i
every  2nd nnd 4th  VVednesdav; props,
gandu   meetings   every   Sunday   at   J J
and   8   p. m.     By   arrangement   with I
Toronto   University  popular  scientific >
lectures every Monday at 8 p.m. duping the winter.    Address  all  commu- •
mentions  to Secretary, No. 10 and 11
Alice St.
LOOAL BBANTFOBD, No. 10, 8. P. Of a
Meets nt headquarters, 13 George St
every Tliursduy und Sunday nlghU.
Business und Speakers' class on Thure-
aays; Economic Class on Sundaya
Wugo workers Invited.- A. W Baker
Secretary, 0 George St. W. Davenport, Organizer,  141 Nelson St.
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.   8,   8.   P.   of   O
Business     meeting    1st    Sunday    ia
month,  and  propaganda  meetings  following Sundays at 8 p.m. in   Robert
Allan  Hull,   78   Rlileau  St    John lyom,
Secrflmy.43 <'entrf street.
MABITIME PBOVINCIAL EXEOUTXTN
Committee, Socialist Purty of Canada,
meets every second and fourth Sunday
in the Cape Breton offlce of the Party.
Commercial street, Glace Bay N 8.
l)iin Cochrane, Secretary, Box 4»1,
Glace Bay, N. S.
LOCAL GLACE BAT NO. 1, OP V. ft_
Buslness and Propaganda meetina
every Thursday at 8 p.m. ln Mttcdon-
uld s hull. Union street- All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding 8e-
creturv, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H G Rosa
Financial Secretary, offlce in D. N
Brodie Printing Co. building. Union
Street
To Canadian Socialists
On account of increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review in Canada
11.20 a year instead of fl.00. We
can, however, make the following
special   offers:
For 13.00 we will mail three
cople-j of the Review to one Canadian mliliess for one year.
For 70 cents we will mail ten
copies of any one Issue.
For "3.00 we will mall the Review   one   year   and   the   Chicago
Dully Socialist for one year.
CKABLBB K. XEBB ft COMPANY
134  West  Klnzle St., Chicago.
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIE8
(To Locals.)
Charter     (with    necessary    supplies to (tart  Local) $6.00
Membership  Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform and   application   blank
per 100  25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 SO
Ditto In Ukranlan, per 100 SO
Constltut ins, per dozen, 50c.
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen         SO
THE CAFETERIA
A good
place to eat
305 Cambie Street
The beBt of everything property
cooked.
Chas. Molcahey, Prop.
>   	
F. PERRY
TAILOR
834 PENDER
GREAT BOOKS BY
GREAT MEN
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    f|e
Life of Jesus, Renan    lie
Age of Reason, Paine ...'.   lit
Merrie England    ||s
Ingersoll's Lectures, 1st, 2nd
and 3rd series  each Ik
Origin of Species, Darwin   Itt
Evolution of the idea of God,
Grant Allen  ||f
Postage prepaid o 1 books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
Price List of Literature
Issued by the Dominion Executive
Committee
"Slave of The Farm," or
"Proletarian in Politics," to locals subscribing to the publishing fund, $1.00
per 100, to others 26c per dox.
"Socialism and Unionism" to be published.
"Value, Price and Profit," to subribert
to publishing fund $2 per 100, to other*
30c per doz.
"Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism"  to subscribers  to  publishing;
fund $6 per 100, to others 76c per del
*+®®®®®®®®®®®®®m®®®®®®®®®®®®**®i
,0K£ . ^is o*N;:oxoHtfKs;'
'*rM   iNHC.
CK'tl
rxH--' SATURDAY, PiBfiUAfiV 25th, -1411
"Til ■hiii
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
mmi.iscoej^..
Three
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
This Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
' and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Regular meeting of Alberta Provincial Executive held February 13th,
1911.
Present Comrades Turnbull, Howell (chairman), McLean, Danby and
Organizer O'Brien and Gribble.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and adopted. Correspondence dealt
with from Locals Frank, Meeting Creek, Lougheed, Innisfali, Bel-
. levue, Canmore (Finnish), Blairmore,
Coleman, Dewberry, Coleman (Finnish), Medicine Hat, Markervllle, Les-
Hevllle, Edmonton and Dominion Ex-
; ecutive Committee, Com. Mc Ney, and
Mr. A. Alexander.
Communication from Local Toronto
, read and ordered filed.
Communications  read    from    Read
LHlll  comrades;   held  over until next
meeting.
Comrade Adolf Hrelllkea admitted
| member-at-large.
On motion, secretary instructed to
[communicate with Com. Budden with
fa view to placing him ln the field as
[ organizer.
Charters granted Frank, Dewberry
^and Leslieville Locals.
RECEIPT8
(Local Meeting Creek, stamps ..| 1.50
[Local Blairmore,    Charter    and
supplies      6.00
(Local Bellevue, stamps     3.00
| Local Innisfali, stamps     2.40
[Local Meeting Creek, stamps and
cards     1.50
, Local Edmuton, stamps      6.00
, Local Coleman, stamps and supplies     16.25
i Local Bellevue, stamps     5.00
I Local Coleman (Finnish) stamps   5.00
| Local Markervllle stamps     2.00
' Local Lougheed, stamps     5.00
Local Leslieville    (charter   and
supplies      5.50
Local Calgary, stamps and supplies     10.00
, Local Frank, charter     7.00
' Comrade F. J. McNey, stamps ...    1.00
* Comrade Adolf Hrelllkea, stamps   3.00
Total $69.15
EXPENDITURES
^Com. C. M. O'Brien, organizing
purposes    $15.50
Dom. Executive Com., on acct  25.00
Western Clarion, (cord)     3.00
l Postage       3.08
•. Com. Gribble, organizing  10.00
Dom. Executive Com. on accl     7.00
Total $63.58
In order to facilitate matters locals
' are urged to be prompt in forwarding
► their qua-terly reports.
FRANK DANBY,
Secretary
TORONTO ONTARIO
[Dear Comrade: —
Re referendum for Dominion convention I have been Instructed to ask you
Uf you will send the returns In full to
| the D. E. C. with a request for them to
[be published in tbe Clarion.
This local favorB   the convention by
[•a vote of 13 for and none against.
Yours in Revolt
ARTHUR TAYLOR
NOTICE
Saskatchewan comrades who desire
speakers or literature of the Party
[will kindly write to F. G. Allen, North
LBattleford, Sask. ThlB province is
[fit and ready for an organised effort
fat propaganda and such can only be
[brought about by the efforts of all
[comrades within Saskatchewan, The
1work is bard and a strong organisation
Lis absolutely necessary In order to
(make any head way.
A. BUDDEN
IN  3UNNY ALBERTA
Comrade Editor:—
During last week our Comrade O'Brien has been visiting us round this
v part of the country.
He gave a splendid lecture in the
i Black Spring Ridge school house, Wed-
1 nesday the 8th, to a crowded house,
having a very attentive audience. I
' was net there myself but comrades and
I friends there told me tbat both audi-
lence and speaker were good.
The collection reached $4.00, and a
j bunch of subs to our paper were taken.
On Friday night O'Brien was at the
Plainileld school house and had a good
' audier.ee who listened patiently to ev-
I ery word, while O'Brien poured out
'the right  message.      Being    mostly
| farmers, he showed them, "sons of the
.soil" that they were in Just the same
fix as any other wage-slave.   The Independent fake was dealt wltb, every
i point being Illustrated In a way of the
[speaker's own.   He got his audience
1 going and kept them going, several
, old I. L. P.'s getting an eye-opener.
Our Comrade Alex Frazer rendered a
song in good style.   Comrade Frazer
1 ls an old I. L. P. man, but he said O'-
1 Brien was the best he ever heard, and
I think he will be one of us after this.
Several questions were asked referring to "Independents," O'Brien's attempt to get the vote of sympathy
with Queen Alexandra, amended so aa
to Include the widows and orphans of
the Whitehaven disaster, and one
farmer asked how it was they did not
produce foodstuffs seeing they grew
wheat. All were answered to the satisfaction of tbe questioners.
O'Brien said he would like to come
back at some future date, and give
them a talk on "value" which he had
only time to deal with sparely on this
occasion, someone suggested a vote
which showed in favor (if that
amounts to anything.
The collection amounted to $5.00,
and also a sub or two for the Clarion.
Some of the "rubes" have goot food
for thought for a little while anyway.
Yours in revolt
H. KAYE
REPORT   OF   OKANAGAN   ORGANIZATION,   JANUARY,   1911.
Meetings held—2.
Economic classes—2.
Clarion Subs.—10.
Literature sold—$23.00.
Locals formed—1.
Literature Agents established—1.
Balance of organizers time was taken
up with systematic personal work.
Comrades In isolated localities get
ln touch with
H.  GILDEMEESTER,
District Secretary
Mara, B. C.
MICHEL, B. C.
Michel, B. C, 8-2-11.
Dear Comrade:—
On February the 4th C. M. O'Brien,
M. P. P. in Alberta, gave us a very interesting address. He dealt very
clearly with production and analyzed
It so that the most Ignorant could understand, and, what part he played in
the drama of life. He demonstrated
collective production, and showed how
less than one hundred parasites owned
what millions of slaves produced and
went on to show them, (the slaves)
their position in society and the value
of their labor power.
Some of the high caste as they
be classed in the same category as the
Asiatics but nevertheless they were
arratlcs but nevertheless they were
bound to admit that national and racial
prejudice is on the decline and that in
the final they would tie bound to accept them into their organizations,
industrial and political, and try to
raise within them that spirit of revolt
with which every class conscious Blave
is possessed, educate tbem and teach
them that they are an active factor in
production and you will soon see the
result.
The speaker dealt very plainly with
history and its concepts so that every
person In the audience should at least
realize that history as it is put before
us at the present ls evidence of the
barbarous methods used to keep the
slave in subjection.
*"" VINCENT FRODSHAM,
MENZIES, SA3K.
Comrade Editor:—
Local Menzles wishes me to make
report of discussion at regular business
meeting held February 12th, regarding
suggestion as to the desirability of
establishing P. JI. C. for Saskatchewan
and publishing department to S. P. of
C.
We think the time has arrived wben
the old political parties and their supporters be forced to take further notice to the existence and determination of the S. P. of C. as to what we
intend to do and how we intend to do
it. Tbat we are catching on to the
game as Its played and tbat we've had
about enough of it and that we are out
to put an end to lt by capturing the
machinery of government, the transformation of the capitalist class ownership of the means of wealth production into the property of the working
class and the abolition of the' wage
system.
To accomplish this aim we have got
to organize. The more perfect our organization the better will be the results. Therefore the comrades of this
local desire to see the scattered locals
of this province be brought into better
unity by means of a provincial organization. We would prefer, however, to
have said movement accomplished if
possible independent of the emdlation
Bring your dull razors to
SMITH'S BARBER
SHOP
Clarendon Pool Room, opposite
cit bum
We-tminit-i Avenue
Vancouver, EC
of a convention, believing that our
party .is not in a position financially to
undergo heavy, expense.. The Comrades
here are^ ln bearty.accord with--'the
idea as to. furthering the interests of
Socialism by the establishing of a publishing department to the S. P. C. This
local recognizing the usefulness of such
a movement hereby pledge ourselves to
become a contributer to the fund; when
contributions are being called ln please
notify.
As to the progress of our movement
in here lt Is not all that ls to be desired though the farmers are kicking
against conditions cursing the machine
companies. With invitations to attend
our meetings tbey seem to be very slow
In coming to hear what we have to
say.
At our next meeting we will get into
a nest of our horny handed brethren,
the G. G. There we intend to deal with
the effects of labor saving devices,
value, etc., to show them the hopelessness of their tin pot movement. Not
being thorough masters of economics
with a hard bunch to deal with we expect to get some heavy buck-saw business but I think will show them by
the time we get through that we have
a bit of the saw any way.
WALTER MENZIES
Recording Secretary
"It is a dream," he said, "It will never
come
'Tis   competition   maketh   business
hum."
I looked at him with pitying smile, I
knew,
Eaton would darn soon have him on
the bum.
The worship of greatness in any
shape or form is an atavistic trait in
ti.o human animal which reappears
mostly in those more closely related
to the tailed and fur-covered ancestors
of the race.
TORIES GET IT RIGHT AND LEFT.
(Continued' from Paps* 1)
So far as wealth production is concerned, the wage-beast Is a distinct
success. So far as the retaining of,
or enjoyment of the product he is,
comparatively, the most complete failure the world has ever seen.
Names of sub-getters for the week
appear below:
Lestor, North Battleford....' 16
D. Galloway, Vancouver   4
T. B. Legge, Brandon, Man 4
J. Peuser, Vancouver  3
A. F. Farley, Guelph, Ont 3
W. Davenport, Brandon, Ont. ^ 3
Desmond, Vernon, B. C  3
F. Hyatt, St. John, N. B.   2
E. Davles, Toronto, Ont  2
James   Thomson,    Medicine   Hat,
Alta      i
George White, Nanalmo, B. C  2
SINGLES
Jas. Cartwright, East Wellington, B.
C.i H. Elmer, Lincoln, 111.; C. McM.
Smith, Brooklyn, N. Y.; Gordon Brown,
Victoria; B. C; A. W. Baker, Brant-,
ford, Ont.; Alex Whyte, Mountain
Mill, B. C; W. M. McKenzie, Lake
Buntzen, B. 0.1 G. Waples, Steelton,
Ont, N. D. Thachuk, Canmore, Alta.;
J. Rolls, New Westminster, B. C.i F. E.
Armstrong, Claxton, B. C.i Wm. Shlels,
City.
Local Brantford, bundle  $2.60
Local Winnipeg, bundle 25
Jas. Thomson, Medicine Hat, Alta
Bound Volume.
Local Mara, B. C. card
B. L. J. Maintenance   1.00
*   *   *
Didn't have room for them last
week so here's a few to go with them:
SINGLES
W. J. Urquhart, H. W. Schllchter,
Campbell, Angus Ross, W. W. Lefeaux,
"Smith," Vancouver; H. Barlow, Victoria; W. B. Downing, Milestone, Sask;
Carroll, Schlnt Wheat Centre, Alta;;
J. Hough, and H. Valley, Nanalmo, B.
C.j H. Trull, Colquitz, B. O.i A. Douglas, Cascade, B. C.| J. F. Johnson,
Enderby, B. C; Roscoe Fillmore, Alberta, N. B.; F Ibbetson, Toronto,
Ont; E. Hogg, New Westminster, B.
C; G. Bloomfleld, South Hill, B. 0.1 F.
G. Parkes, Revelstoke, B. C; Banks,
West Burnaby, B. C; V. Frodsham,
Michel, B. C.i and the Prince Rupert
Industrial Association.
BUNDLE8
Local  New  .Westminster    and  K.
Johnson, Montreal.
Likewise: ,
C. M. O'Brien    7
C. Lestor     5*
G. Desmond ,  4
M. Stafford  2
H. Way    2
W.  Menzles    <  2
D. Forrest   2
F. J. Wallador   2
OVER OS YEARS'
EXPEr-UENCC
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights Ac.
Anyone lendlni • aketoli ami doacrtptkm *naj
uloklr ascertain onr opinion free whether ao
ry f-tTMourln-KMt
quickly i
IllTBBUOl
IStrl-HlTCOllilllGlltl
 I taken tbrouih"Muiiu"*"3
rpttimi mtica, without ohwft, la thu
ommuuica-
motfr-M. Oldest Munc* tkr MourlnffMUiiU
Patent! taken tbrou-fh Muuu.-fc vk* ncmlrm
Scientific mcrkaii
A h»n*K-m«ly Ulmtnrt-d wm*1t. leytest dr.
euUOion ol any iduillHc Journal. T-rmi for
Canada, *».» » lees, poetate prepaid. Bold try
aU-KW-dj-aUit.
& Co «6fBro"h-» New Yqi*
out of town,on a tall. - Even. Miller
would net say there were not enough
lawyers, in British Columbia, and this
Bill would open the back doors. of
British Columbia to these people..
There was not a hamlet in the province
without several of those sneaking,
thieving little sharks, preying on unfortunate working-men. If they were
going to open the Act they should tear
down all the barriers. It required no
special ability to become a lawyer
(laughter) and it should be made possible for any one to become one. Organized labor had no greater opponent
than the lawyers, who bad built up for
themselves an impregnable position.
In the United States the people had
taken measures to protect themselves
against those swine, in England they
were protected by the law, but in
British Columbia they were at the
mercy of these sharks. He disagreed
with Parker Williams as to the Bill.
It was one of the very few occasions
on which he had had to do so, but the
Bill opened the doors for these petty
sharks.
He (the -speaker) had not been in
the Boundary district during the last
election, but he had heard of the great
things the present member for tbat
constituency (Miller) had promised to
do for the workingmen if he was
elected. He had never raited his voice
once for the men he had practically
sworn to represent, and judging him
from that standpoint he had no right
in the House. Fancy Jack Mclnnis, the
late Socialist member for the same constituency doing that! His voice was
constantly heard, and he Introduced
bill after bill into the House—eight
hours for smelters, Inspection of camps,
the general eight hour day,—labor bill
after labor bill, all of tbem of a class
that shoud come from the member of a
labor district. They no longer heard
the voice of labor from that district,
but instead they were banded measures
like this Bill to amend the Legal Professions Act.
How he (Miller) came to be returned at. all would be a mystery were it
not known to be a fact that the corporation there had driven from the district a great number of Jack Mclnnis'
supporters.
They had enough of that type of
petty shysters in British Columbia
already, and, although sorry to oppose
Parker Williams, he would go on
record as opposed tn it.
Parker Williams Immediately reminded the House that he had said
he would not oppose the Bill unless
somebody produced a,n objection to it.
He had how heard quite sufficient to
induce him to oppose the BUI.
The second reading then carried on
a vote of 3 "noes" to 33 "ayes", the
|"noes" being Hawthornthwaite, Williams and Jardine.
..Ayes 8haw, Watson, Fraser, McKenzie, Manson (Comox) Lucas, Brewster, Miller (Skeena), Tisdall, Callanan, Miller, Jackson, Cawley, Caven,
Bowser, McBride, Ellison, McPhlllips,
Cotton, Schofield, Behnsen, Hunter,
Manson (Dewdner), Young, Taylor,
Ross, McGowan, Gifford, MeGuire, McKay, Parson, Davey, Thompson—33.
Parker Williams resumed the debate
on the estimates, which had been introduced by Price Ellison on the previous day. He said that Brewster had
raised some questions of very considerable moment, but had not dealt with
them from a Socialist standpoint.
Those matters referred to what would
seem to Indicate gross carelessness
end negligence on the part of the
government, but no Conservative
members showed any wish to touch
those questions. The new member for
Yale (Lucas) had made an Interesting
address which might Indicate that he
might become a really useful member
of the House, but unfortunately they
had heard the same sort of thing liefer from the member for Comox (Man-
son) last year, but he was now quiet
and ready to learn, and they had no
more sugestions from him. The member for Yale would be equally apt in
learning what he might und might not
do.
The speaker then went on to refer
to the Conservative nomination convention for Yale, at which the people
of the constituency had settled on a
local man, but during the short space
of two nights that comparatively unknown gentleman from Vancouver got
the nomination. It was another case
of the skilful work of the Conservative
machine.   »   •   •
Turning to the estimates, the speaker said they were very interesting as
far as Newcastle district was concerned. The appropriation for his district was not near keeping pace with
that for other districts. Newcastle
had known, as had other districts, and
more than some of them. In the last
4 years 32 Individuals had settled within half a mile of his own home,—he
would not claim that average for all
the district, but taking any square
mile, they would find more people than
8 years ago. There had been a considerable Increase in the mining population In the vicinity of Ladysmlth.
At the "Jingle pot" mine from 75 to
100 men were employed, the opening of
the mines at Northfleld had Increased
materially the population of Departure
Bay,  and  at  Alexandria,  where  the
'population consisted 4 or 5 years ago
of Ave. or six fa*nllies,'.tbere,we*--j fioiv
possibly .400 people. .NotwlthBUndtag'
ilLth'at .development,'.tie district- was
only allowed $2000 for new work! Un.
like Conservative districts, when they
got through with the money they got
through, and got no more money, from
the government, even If the work was
hot finished. How did that compare
with   tbe   treatment   accorded   other
.districts? For the last period of 8
years the appropriation for his district
had increased from $9000 to $26000.
The Increase for other districts he had
selected as being on a level with Ladysmith, or nearly so, in population and
extent was as follows. The figures
covered the same period.
Membership
in schools
Appropriation   (from 1909
1902 1911   Report)
Sandon   ....$5,000       $75,000 168
Grand Forks 5,000        55,000 88
Greenwood . 2,500        50,000 221
Revelstoke . 8,000        75,000 223
Kaslo     8,000        74,000 194
Newcastle   . 6,000        25,000 440
What explanation could be given of
the difference In the appropriations?
If the reason was to be found ln the
different rates of increase in population, the number of children in the
rural schools should have some bearing on the population of the outlying
districts. (The speaker then dwelt on
tho figures given above, and proved
that the appropriation had no bearing
whatever on the population of the respective districts, and then took up the
voters lists as a possible standard by
which the government might have decided the share to be given to each
district with the same result, Kaslo,
Greenwood, and Slocan showing a decrease on their voters lists, and Newcastle a slight Increase. The poll tax
was then quoted as also bearing on the
question of population, and it was
shown that while Newcastle had increased the amount collected by 40%
in the last 8 years, Revelstoke, Slocan,
Kaslo and West Kootenay contributions had decreased 4 %, indicating a
decrease in population).
If that was not a satisfactory answer
to any point that might be taken on the
relative development of Newcastle and
the other districts, then figures would
not answer lt at all. They had to step
Into some other field and find the explanation.
(The speaker here produced a chart
drawn to scale, showing the trend
of appropriations granted to Newcastle
and several other districts for the
period in question.)
Grand Forks kept in the same class
ae Newcastle until 1909, and then It
started to go away up In Its appropriations, leaving Newcastle far behind.
The same thing happened in Greenwood. What peculiar circumstances
happened ln 1909 to cause such an increase in those appropriations? The
only possible explanation lay ln the
fact that those-districts had formerly
returned Socialists to Victoria, and
now were represented by Conservatives. Grand Forks vote jumped from
$14,000 to $30,000 immediately, at the
same time as Newcastle received
$13,000. Why was not the increase In
the latter district in the same proportion? Greenwood went In slow
degrees from $2,500 to $10,800 and then
to $30,000 In one leap. It had returned
a Conservative. Was there a grain of
justice in that? Compared with other
districts Newcastle had been dealt In
a grossly unfair maner. No reason
could be advanced to justify such a
low proportionate Increase. The only
possible construction that could be put
upon it was that the government was
using the provincial treasurt to boost
the fortunes of Its politcial followers.
(Here McBride shook his head). "The
premier may shake his head until he
turns It right round." It was his(WII-
Hams) duty to his constituents to examine legislation and criticise the estimates.
McBride asked if It was not true that
u member could put in a requisition for
more money for his district?
Williams replied that the Premier
was right, he could do so, but what
was the process by which Shatford,
(Simllkameen) (whose activity In the
House was confined to making a raid
on the treasury once a year) (laughter)
made an estimate of the cost of public
works? What experience had he on
the cost of public works? There was
absolutely no justification for saying
that he knew what his district required ln the way of money grants.   /
/ With a parting shot* at Shatford,
whom he described as coming to Victoria every winter at considerable cost
to make a raid on the treasury, "living
In a garret at the Empress Hotel"
(greatly to Shatford's indignation, for
he rents the most expensive suite on
the first floor, and to the amusement
of the other members,..who .wer* all
aware" of tbe fact) the speaker turned
his attention back to the goyertimsat
The only possible explanation of the
way/fhe estimates were distributed lay
In the manner in which the different
districtB had changed ■ their political
complexion. He would not have blamed the Minister of Works if he bad
been good to bis own constituents. He
(Williams) would find It pretty hard to
be fair in that position, but tbe matter
under discussion was so brazen that
he felt tt impossible to do anything
else but call attention to it. The
estimates were not based on a requisition by the member for a district, but
on a requisition by the government
Agent, and road superintendent. In tbe
Newcastle district tbey had as' decent
a man for superintendent as ever walked, and his requisitions were as small
as he could possibly get along with.
In Conservative districts the road
superintendent was the nominee of the
Conservative member, and his duty
was to see that the Conservative
machine was properly running and ln
good order. It was not tbat way in
the Newcastle district.
(As 6 o'clock had arrived Williams
asked If he could adjourn the debate
until 8 o'clock.McBride raised no objection but said lt was an extraordinary
departure from customary proceedure,
to which statement Parker Williams
did not agree.)
8 p. m. (The flrst night session).
Miller's Act to amend the Legal Professions Act passed tbe committee
stage, and the Introducer moved that
the report be adopted. Parker William*
objected, and the Bill was held up,  -
Parker Williams then continued his
criticism of the government method of
apportioning the estimates. He said
his afternoon's duty was not a pleasant
one, but it had to be done. He had
always made a passably good hired
man, and his view of his position- in
the House was that it was the position
of a hired man to tbe people of tbe
Newcastle district and lt was not from
any personal motive that he had stirred
up that evil-smelling mess, but because
he looked upon It as the only thing
to perform his duty to the people
he represented. The present order
of business had been handed down
from .past ages in an historical
process. It arose from the time when
the King, running out of money, had to
call parliament together and ask for lt
Parliament would tell the King what
they thought of blm, and give him the
money. In the same way, today they
were entitled to tell. the government
what they thought of them before passing the Estimates. It was the only
course open to them.
Not only was a partisan spirit shown
in the apportionment of the Estimates,
but Conservative members had control of everything in the shape of employment In their districts. Government agents, assessors, game wardens,
road foremen, all kinds of Jobs were
dealt out to people who were made
useful at election time for party purposes. The Conservative party bad a
hungry horde of heelers useful for any
purpose, and had now pretty well built
up a machine, and in addition had •
press always ready to run McBride's
photo every two months and vilify any
one who ventured a criticism of him or
his institutions. The Conservative
majority could not be broken up too
soon. The machine extended into
every hole and corner in the Province,
and the noise It made went back to
eastern Canada, and some people there
thought British Columbia had a statesman. A machine was being built up
which it would cost .something to
break down, and in it was tbe only
field In which McBride had shown any
ability. Notwithstanding the existence
of that nearly Invincible machine, with
all the leverage and advantage lt gave
them, the Conservative party waa
afraid to face a fair and square election In British Columbia. The bye-election In Pernie was like a case of sheep-
Bteallng, and If an unknown candidate
had come forward at the last moment
It   would   have   thrown   the   whole
achlne out of gear and prevented the
government carrying on the election
at the time It did. The polling day waa
fixed to occur on the day following the
nominations to prevent an expression
of opinion by the electors, and that was
a fair indication of the courage of tie
party, In spite of their machine. The
same could be said of the Yale bye-
electlon. No notice was given of the
Intentions of the government until
every one In the machine was ready to
Jump Into position, and at the last
moment, when all the Information required was in the hands of the government party, the election was thrown
on the hands of the people.  The op-
(Continued on Page 4)
Propaganda Meeting
.Speaker W. W. L FEAUX
Empress Theatre
Sunday, Feby. 26th. mmmmmmmmmmmmmm
Vow
riii-miii
if/'jillfilli
"~*~3s?s
TORIES GET IT BIGHT AND LEFT.
(Continue-) from' page 3.)
position was not given a ■(air chance,
tbe machine was set to work, and the
usual thing occurred. Lucas came
down to Victoria, not as the reprecen-
tative of tbe people, but of a political
machine. Their whole record was
built upon tbe increased revenue, but
they were entitled to no more credit
for that than for the Increased real
estate values ln Victoria and Vancouver. It arose from things over which
the government had no control. The
claim for credit for present conditions
reminded him of an old Indian chief,
who was thought by his fellow tribesmen to be as mighty a man as the
Conservative party thought McBride,
and to insult him was to Insult the
whole tribe. The chief used to get up
on a stump and pray for the sun to
rise. To believe that any one could
do that made blm indispensable and
due care was taken of blm. The tale
reminded him at every stage of the
Premier (Laughter). But the old chief
became sick, and the tribe were in
awful trouble, thinking they had seen
tbe last ot the sun, but when it came
up as usual lt dawned on the tribe
tbat lt had not depended on the old
chief at all. All that could be applied
to McBride. (Laughter.)
There seemed to be no limit to the
machine policy. The government still
had not sufficient support, and when
it waa possible to get more they would
do so. They would never get any complaint from him (Williams) if he was
beaten in fair tight, but no one in that
House could do any damage to htm ln
Ladysmith.
Tho Conservative party got very enthusiastic over British institutions, and
could show a good type of patriotism
as Dr. Johnson ever knew. An official
opposition had certain functions to fulfill ln tbe line of criticism, and as a
kind ot check on the government The
government did not seem to like the
present opposition, but wanted it to be
as docile and meek as their 39 supporters, who s.-.t still, and never allowed the sound of their voices to be heard
in the chamber.
While every job from rat catcher up
and down was in the hands of a Conservative member, with opposition
members it was different. He (Williams) could only learn by gossip and
rumor (and he was usually very well
informed) as to what was doing, and
by a process of deduction he could
usually flnd out what the government
was up to in important matters. A
few years ago they had removed from
Ladysmlth a government Institution of
some value, but he did not know
enough then to look for any underhand,
sneaking moves, and had been given
absolutely no opportunity to protest.
They had a right to remove any institution in the interests of economy, but
in the name of common justice, if they
had any respect for the people tbey
should give them a chance to be heard.
They did not do so.
A road superintendent had been appointed in the Newcastle district. He
was a decent, upright,, and straight fellow, but that did not alter the fact that
be (Williams) had some right to be
heard when appointments were to be
made. He had heard of it by reading
the local paper. Was that method used
with Conservative members? How did
the Minister of Works (Taylor) reconcile those actions with his oath of
offlce, to act Impartially towards all
districts in the discbarge of bis duty?
He had no complaint to make as to Mr.
Woods, but only as to the method of
the appointment. Before the constituency became Socialist they had two
road foremen, then It was reduced to
one, and Anally he was taken away too,
and they had to get along without one
at all.
Tbere had been rumors of the provincial policeman being removed from
Ladysmith, and he (Williams) went to
the Premier about it, and was told that
he would not be moved. Within two
weeks that policeman was moved up to
South Wellington. In a Tory distiict
the policeman was under the thumb of
the member. It was a question If either
the Premier or the Attorney General
knew the real reason for that removal.
He (Williams) knew it, but would only
tell it to the Premier privately.
As the representative of Newcastle
district he insisted that he had a
right to know what was going to be
done in the district. The fact of shifting the policeman had placed him
(Williams) in the position of a common liar. He did not relish that position at all. If the Premier bad wished
to discredit him he could not have done
It any more effectually than to let him
go among his constituents and tell
tbem that the policeman was going to
stay, and then make events disprove
his statement.
He had another Instance of the same
machine policy. He had gone to the
Department of Works and said that he
had heard a rumor that there was to
he a new road superintendent, and
Taylor admitted that there had been
some talk along that line, and If he
(Wlliams) was not badly mistaken,
had said he would consult him In the
matter. That was 10 days since. Now
the first thing he knew the appointment  was  announced   in   that  day's
issue of tite Nilnaimd Herald, the first
intimation he got from any quarter.
Where wis tbe justice of reducing
members to get information in that
way when tbey sat in opposition? He
(Williams) did not want the power of
making these appointments. He would
not be a "safe" man for that. One
Socialist would look as good to him as
20 Couservatives. But Conservative
members made their appointments and
opposition members heard of them
through the press. In Department matters the government should rise above
politics. The new road superintendent
was an upright and safe man, but while
the people of Newcastle brought their
complaints to him (Williams) he insisted that the government take notice
of him.   •   ♦   ♦
Where was the consistency of the
two methods of making appointments?
Many other Instances could be quoted,
and everywhere tended in the same
direction with the great Tory party.
Even the ministers of the Crown stooped to the meanest, dirtiest, party poll-
tics.
The Speaker: Order, order.
Parked Williams. The language was
strong, but tbe facts were evil-smelling and stronger than any decent man
cared to go up' against. The Tory party
and the administration should always
confine themselves to decent methods.
He would say that he had never seen
any politics in the administration of
the Provincial Secretary's Department,
and he (Williams) was afraid that that
little fact lent a sanction to the whole
operation of the party machine. He
could say nothing more painful than
that He (the Prov. Sec.) rose above
the standard set by the Premier himself.
Whatever the effect of his attack
might be, he (Williams) had endeavored to do his duty by his district by
pointing out the way things were done.
He believed that the sense of justice
was sufficiently strong In ordinary
people, and If the people of the Okanagan or any other dlstrl"' were aware of
what waa going on, they would give
as emphatic a condemnation of the
methods of the Conservative government. That was his conception of Conservative workingmen, in spite of the
Premier's reference to a remark he
(Williams) had made during the afternoon.
The member for Newcastle resumed
his seat in a silence that was almost
oppressive.
The House then went into committee
of supply, and during the sitting Parker
Williams protested at the manner in
which the votes were being rushed
through. The different items, that ln
former years were voted separately,
were now being voted in groups, and
tbe members not having had any notice
of the change were not prepared to
understand what was being done.
The protest was ineffectual anjl the
process continued. There is dissatisfaction even among the Conservative
rank and file, but they never venture to
kick at anything.
Friday, Feb. 17., 2 p. m.
The House went into committee of
supply and Hawthornthwaite objected
to some Items in the miscellaneous
bill of expenses. He took exception
to tbe vote for $500 for the Strathcona
Seamen's & Loggers' Institute, Vancouver, and contributions to other charitable asociations, and refused to be
satisfied with the Premier's explanation. He objected to the provincial
funds being granted to mere pettifogging charities run by a lot of sanctimonious busybodies, little, petty,
swindling charity organizations, that
under a sane system would not be
necessary, who went about in a superior way distributing tracts to men
whose unfortunate position was due
to the deplorable conditions of modern
society.
Tlsdall (Vancouver) defended the
organizations which were doing a
much appreciated work.
Hawthornthwaite replied that both
the Premier's and Tlsdall's remarks
were ln the nature of broad generalities. If money wbb to be given away
In that manner, why not give sffime of
tbe members of the Legislature, who
certainly needed looking after as much
as anyone else. By the present system
or production the House was actually
robbing those men of the wealth created by their labor, and the grants to
charitable organizations were only as a
salve to conscience.
Tisdall objected that the loggers of
British Columbia are not by any
means robbed, but, on the contrary,
a well paid class receiving a just
equivalent for their labor.
Hawthornthwaite admitted that the
logger In British Columbia received
the market value of his labor-power,
but denied that the money was a just
equivalent of the value of this labor's
production, out of which the wealth
of the capitalist class was built up.
Society recognized the fact and at intervals was wont to hand out as
charity such grants as these, and lay
the unction to its soul that It was doing a most worthy and benevolent
thing. At the same time it went on
in its uncivilized course, building
Dreadnoughts for the purpose of
wholesale murder. For his part he
would be glad to see everyone of them
sunk today—and the fools that went
out ln them.  The Canadian navy was
THE Wfeffikk CLARIQR VANCftUVim BRittBH MUM6U-
OB**************-*******************-*™
---*•■ *- - - ■■in .,        I ■ ■ ■ —-—.——	
-*"-"*-••'-■■-—-
■'ii   nil  Mil
SATURDAY, r-IMUArtV Mth, .iii.
out practicing at Esquimau that very
morning, in order thai the men engaged upon it might become the more
proficient in the gentle art of slaughtering their fellowmen. The loggers
might get the-full market value of
their labor-power, but they did not get,
under the present system of production, the full actual value of the wealth
they created. These men were forced
to go into the wild places of the Province and live their lives ln shacks
under the most horrible conditions. He
was glad to see that the Government
was taking a move to improve the existing conditions In the camps, but he
could assure the House that the Inspectors would have to have pretty
strong noses ln order to successfully
perform their duty. After his hard life
in the woods, sick and disgusted the
logger would come down to the city
of Vancouver with its traps of vice and
infamy, (countenanced and supported
by the Vancouver member,) and would
fall a victim. And then the unfortunate logger would be herded into one of
these charity Institutions and the parsons and their kind would pray and
slobber over him. and sun" themselves
in their own righteousness. This vote
waB merely a doling out of charity as
a slave to conscience, and he thought
should be struck out.
The vote carried.
Parker Williams, referring to the
vote of $13,500 for game protection,
said lt was developing Into graft pure
and simple. There were now a number
of people gallivanting over the country
as professional game wardens ln an
attempt to show that they were necessary in the scheme of affairs. The
practice was to recommend a closed
season for grouse or pheasants in one
district, and an open season for deer,
and reverse the application to another
district. Naturally, tbe game that was
not protected would suffer, a shortage
would be reported, and another shuffle
would take place, providing more work
for the game wardens.
Hawthornthwaite asked for an explanation of the vote of $10,000 for the
exploration and development of Strathcona Park.
Ross (Minister of Lands) said it was
all to be for the purpose stated.
Hawthornthwaite wanted to know
where was the item of expense covering the recent exploring expedition?
There were rumors that an investigation would do no harm. He had heard
that 50 or 60 men were employed, with
a fleet of canoes, and 23 tons of refreshments, solid and liquid. He did
not know it that was so or not. If it
was correct he could readily see how
the minister of Finance, (Price-Ellison)
was able to see two rainbows at once,
(laughter) In fact it was a wonder he
did not see four! (Laughter). The
Minister of Finance had drawn a very
interesting picture of the dangers of
the trip, but surely they did not
consume 23 tons of provisions!
Prlce-Elllson replied that they did
not have any too much, in fact they
could have eaten more. (Laughter).
Hawthornthwaite. I have nothing
more to say (Renewed laughter).
Agent General's Office in London.
Some strange items of expense.
Hawthornthwaite asked why the
vote for the above had been increased
by $15,000?
McBride said it was necessitated by
the tremendous development in tbe
province resulting in an Increase in
the business of the offlce in London.
The Premier then devoted himself at
some length to an eulogy of the Agent-
General.
Hawthornthwaite replied that he was
very pleased to hear the lengthy explanation of li. ■> l.'remier, but why on
earth should the gentleman not be popular? He noted that Mr. Turner had
donated money out of the public funds
to the Pilgrims' Club, Dr. Barnardo'B
Homes, Tariff Reform League, Church
Lads' Brigade, National Hospital for
the Paralysed, Royal Colonial Institute, the Boy Scouts, debating societies, etc., etc. Why even the member
for Newcastle would be popular If he
gave money away in that fashion!
(laughter) As to the Church Lads'
Brigade and the Boy Scouts, Socialists often objected to the employment
of children as a disgrace to any
country, but now the master class, not
satisfied with that were going to teach
the children the art of war, how to
destroy and stab the workers of other
nations. Baden Powell, that prince of
murderers recommended that those
kids be taken to slaughter houses so
that they would get used to the sight
and smell of blood. One South African
hero had read of that statement, which
he had made before, and had written to
him and denied it, calling him a liar,
but he was 500 miles from him
(Hawthornthwaite) at the time
(Laughter). He had replied by quoting from Baden Powells own book.
Mothers did not want their children to
be taught the art of murder, but the
Boy Scouts were organized for that
purpose, and if his remarks were given
publicity by the capitalist press they
would withdraw their boys from it.
The movement was going on all over
the world. The average working man
could not much longer be depended on,
being no longer attracted by military
glory, and so the idea now was to get
them young, 10, 11, or 12 years of age,
for the purpose of inculcating military
training and glory into their young
minds.  That had been denied at first,
but It was now universally fe*cognizda
as a fact. He (the Speaker) Wanted an
opportunity to put that knowledge
before the country. Parents did not
wapt their children to. be taught such
things, but Baden Powell was the hero
who boasted of cutting down tents over
sleeping Boers and stabbing the half-
awakened men through the canvas, and
that sort of thing was being instilled
Into the minds of those boys. Many
people had no conception of what was
being put Into those children's minds,
and when they did understand what
was being done the better It would be
for the children and their parents, and
mankind.
The Agent General was not content,
and went farther ln handing out the
public funds. Those funds were being
used to help the master class in the
class struggle.
The Socialists did not advocate the
class struggle, but pointed to the fact
that it existed, and was being waged
between the wealthy, ln possession,
and the workers, dispossessed, of the
means of life. The capitalist class
found Its political expression In two
parties, known as Liberal and Conservative. McBride had recently admitted that the difference was purely
a sentimental one, and that was the
case, there was no real difference between them. They lined up together to
prevent the workers obtaining possession of the means of life. In the public
accounts he found that the funds of the
people of British Columbia were being
used to aid the master class ln that
struggle. Those funds were received
from the workers and unfortunate
farmers, and were being used to help
their enemies. There was an Anti-
Socialist League ln Great Britain,
which institution was receiving aid
and assistance from the master class,
more particularly from the Conservative party there, and now the Agent-
General of British Columbia was subscribing out of the public funds of the
province to that body—funds which
had been provided by Conservatives
and Socialists alike—without a vestige
of autboi ity to do any such thing. The
League had recently sent some scabs—
stokers—to South Wales to assist in
breaking the miners strike, and the
funds of the Province were being used
for that. He could only hope that they
would get a good stoking after death
in the region some thought existed
beyond the grave—though he himself
had no such belief. If there was a hell,
he hoped they would get It. The moment the Agent-General began to use
provincial funds to boost the Anti-
Socialist League it was time to take a
hand. Nine out of ten men in that
House would fill the position with
equal ability. Mr. Turner was only an
old business man, who had got the
offlce and was trying to impress the
people with his ability in order to
increase his salary. He (Hawthornthwaite) moved that the whole Item be
struck out, and protested against retaining Mr. Turner who was utterly unfit for the position and should be discharged.
McPhlllips defended the Boy Scouts.
The fundamental principle was that no
military instruction should be imparted, and no military officer was entitled to be connected with it Somewhat
Inconsistently, the member for the
Islands proceeded to say that the Boy
Scouts would be better able to take
part in the defense of their country
when needed by reason of their training and with the whole world armed It
would be an insane policy to remain
quiet and not inculcate a knowledge
of military training. As for the contribution to the Anti-Socialist League, it
was not in any way Inimical to the
Btate. Hawthornthwaite had declared
the policy of the Socialist party to be
the dethronement of the state. He
(McPhlllips) could not sec any harm In
aiding an organization of reputable
citizens who held that the Socialist
party was almipg at the dethronement
of monarchical and governmental Institutions in the Empire, in reply to
a question from Hawthornthwaite as
to what he would think If a Liberal
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, tbe Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong.
The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the
means ot production, consequently all tbe products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist ls therefore master; the worker a
star*.
So long as the capitalist class remains in. possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives .to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies In the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property. .
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and.enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist prop
erty in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit
The Socialist Party- when in offlce shall always and everywhere
until tbe present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
of the working class and aid the workers In their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party ls for it; If It will not, the
Socialist Partv is absolutely opposed to It
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its hands ln such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
have been made In 1909 to give the
Boy Scouts one or two weeks training In camp at Bisley, and other suitable places. In September the War
Offlce issued instructions that a number of Boy Scouts should take part in
the army manoeuvers, and Boy Scouts
have come to be recognized as a definite
(though unofficial) branch of the service, as a training ground for the regular forces."
Baden Powell's book of instructions
advised the boys to take a trip into
the woods, and appoint a sentry to
watch the camps. A watch was then
supposed to be stolen, and they proceeded to deal with the sentry, and
he (the speaker) would ask the House
to watch the proceedings. A mock
trial took place, and the rest of the
kids dug a grave; then they were to
string the sentry up to a tree and leave
him there. Baden Powell suggested
that it would be a splendid way to
collect money, to do It on a public
platform. The boyB were wained not
to take up with extremes in politics.
He knew better than to mention the
Socialists by name. He also pointed
out that Great Britain was tottering to
its doom and called on the boys to
keep It up. He alluded to the mass of
miserable unemployed as responsible
for their own condition, with no Ideas
above their beer and tobacco. Fancy
that overfed swine calling the unemployed a lot of drunkards!
The position he (the speaker) had
taken aB to the Boy Scouts was borne
out and sustained. They were organized for the future slaughter of the
workerB, and not to fight for their
country. The workingman hud no country. He would cheerfully work for
any one, be he German or Hottentot.
, , , Who should he be loyal to? Only to
government were in power and trMtr\Kntm „,- hlg claB8. „ the mothers
Agent-General in London used provln- of ^ proylnce        these ^ .^
cial money to oppose the Conservative
party, the member for the Islands replied that there was little chance of the
Liberals getting power and anyhow
they were known as His Majesty's
loyal opposition.
Hawthornthwaite replied that It was
the constitutional privilege of the
people of Great Britain to dethrone
their monarchs if they wished to and
the Socialists would not be disloyal to
the people of the Empire in doing that.
They recognized that the "divine rights
of Kings" was played out. But the
point was that those funds were contributed by the people for public purposes and that man was using them tor
political purposes.
As to what McPhlllips had said about
the Boy Scouts, he wished to deny lt
emphatically. Quoting from the Canadian Almanac, Sept. 4, 1909, the speaker
then read "11,000 Boy Scouts were reviewed by General Baden Powell. The
Boy Scouts (or "General Robert's
Boys") form a further development of
the "territorial forces" idea, which was
instituted by Lord Roberts in 1908.
Corps of Boy Scouts have been formed both from the secondary and elementary schools,   and   arrangements
reported they would see the matter
from a different standpoint. That old
gentleman in London had no right to
use- the public funds for such a purpose. The Socialist Party was unquestionably a danger to the state,
but in matters of administration they
gave their support, and the members
knew that. But for the other function
of suppressing and slaughtering the
workerB they would never receive support from the Socialist Party.
McBride replied at some length, and
then Hawthornthwaite moved to strike
out the whole vote of $25,000. The
motion was defeated, and he submitted
another one to reduce the vote to
$24,990.30 saying that as near as he
could reckon that would make up for
the amount contributed to the Antl-
Sociallst League. He demanded a division and the amendment was defeated on the following division.
Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwalte-1
Noes—Shaw, Fraser, Braden, Brewster, Manson (Skeena), Wright, Miller
Jackson, Cawley, Caven, McBride, El
lison, McPhilllps, Shatford, Shannon
Schofield, Behnson, Hunter, Manson
(Dwedney), Young, Taylor, Robs, Parson, Davey—24
J. H. B
LOCAL VANCOUVER   NO. 1
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Ancient Society, Lewis Morgan $1.50
Six CenturleB of Work and Wages,
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Socialism and Philosophy, Labrlola   1.00
Positive Outcome of Philosophy
Dletzgen     1
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Enrico Ferrl  1,
Evolution Social and Organic, Arthur M. Lewis   5(
Vital Problems in Social Evolution, Arthur M. Lewis 60
The above works will be sent post-1
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