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Western Clarion 1910

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 10. 612.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, Dec. 31, 1910.
itntMcniiium Price
rax Taaa
SI.0I
lOCIALISM AND EVOLUTION
Review of Social Changes and Some Deductions.
.cities surrounded with dressed  stone ods  of government, and we venture
A short time ago the local farmers
d the pleasure of listening to the
ations of a couple of Grain Grower
eakers. Their ideas were neither
w nor lucid, but many interesting,
not altogether true, things were 6aid.
e gentleman, Mr. B. A. Partridge,
de the remarkable statement that
any flaws had been found in the
orks of Marx altho lie had never read
ything of Marx, or for that matter
he intend to, which latter remark
|t of course, proof of the former. His
pint was made, however, for a large
jimber of farmer economists cheered
udly at the supposed exploding of
larxian economics.
After the meeting, the two speakers
a few choice spirits were invited
wm  town to the home of Comrade
lien and  the subject was discussed
a more extended manner than is al-
wed in the G. G. A. meetings, suppressing anylhing  but  Grain  Grower
deas being in order there.   Mr. Pait-
idge, if we understood him (and we
isk his pardon if we have not), objected to the idea of Social ownership
being  inevitable  for    the    following
leasons:    The ever growing  produc-
jlvity of the modern worker through
machinery,  tending  to  foster  around
[the capitalist class  an ever growing
(irmy of social parasites who, at the
otal failure of production (If we reach
bat stage), would form a kind of in-
iUBtrial feudalism in the place of the
ir«ient day capitalism.   He contended
r'c-f the above tbe seemingly
le notion that 25 per cent,
d's population would then
fte compelled to work under the lash
ind support the remaining 75 per cent,
ind that the 75 per cent, would see to
ft that the 25 did so.  This Idea may at
ret sight look to be quite possible,
have so far made their debut upon the
world stage. One, the organisation
upon the gentile system in which a
man's relations with society were
based upon kinship. Two, organization
upon political lines in which a man
was dealt with thru his territorial
standing, his relation to property. The
first system is the result of communal
modes of production, the second of
private property in the means of production. These changes do not, of
course, come about at a definite time
on Sunday morning, slowly are they
wrought from human experience, experience always hardly won, always
grudgingly applied. It is as though
society invests In a brand new coat
and gradually the coat becomes old
and worn, it fades and becomes thread
bare, but still "altho suffering much
discomfort, society, like' any miser
clings to its ancient garb. At last,
however, comes a day upon which lt
can be endured no longer and it is
cast off for ever to make place for a
fine new one which has been growing
all the time under the old. The snivelling humbug has patched and patched
the wretched rag because forsooth he
had not sense to look under it. Any
suggestion of getting rid of it which
might have passed through the laggard mind of the blockhead being met
with the shuddering wall, "you will
pull It off but what will you give in
its place." It Is the purpose of the
writer to briefly review the flrst of
these -^^jpull^a aijtj to jhow that
It came off because it really would not
bold together any longer, that we
have to-day arrfred at the pulling oft
ot the second Is a-Oictjia^^tbat for
yeara past the Bright pattern of the
new garment has been visible to discerning eyes is also true, altho such
walls appear for the first time in human history. Cities of this kind imply
the existence of a staple and developed
field of agriculture, the possession of
domestic animals in flocks and herds,
of merchandise in masses and of property in. houses and lands. The City
brought with it, new demands in the
art of Government, by creating a
changed condition of Society. Municipal wants must have greatly augmented the duties and responsibilities
of the council of chiefs, and perhaps
overtaxed their capacity to govern.
The first attempt amongst the Athenians to subvert the gentile organization and establish a new system is ascribed to Theseus. He persuaded
them to break up their various council
houses and magistracies and come into
relations with Athens, with one council house, and to consider themselves
as one people. He divided tbe people
into three classes, irrespective of their
gentes and called them (1), the wellborn, (2), the husbandmen, (3), the
artisans. The principal offices were
assigned to the first class both in civil
administration and the priesthood.
The classification was a direct move
against the power of the gentes, reorganizing as it did, the propertied
and aristocratic element in society.
It was the etident Intention to unite
the chiefs of Gentes and the men of
wealth in a class by themselves with
the right to hold the principal offices.
This scheme of Theseus died out because there was no transfer of the
powers from the gens to the classes
and because such classes were inferior
to the gens as the basts of a system
and, the writer would add, because
the evolution of property had not advanced to that stage where change
became absolutely necessary.
•ut a closer examination wlll prove holes as have appearep*   have   been
ts utter untenabllity.
In order to understand our subject,
e must glance at the order of human
'•/-irogress and ask ourselves why society
linfolded Itself in the manner displayed
before us.    We find the human race
evolved  through  savagery,  barbarism
Ito civilization, speaking generally.   A
jbloser examination reveals   the   fact
hat there  were grades  of  ravagery
(dissolving into the lowest order of bar-
parlsm which , in turn, rose to the
highest form and lost Itself in the first
crude civilization, to raise again, yet
higher forms of society.   There again
, rises the all Important question, why?
/Why in this order, why not from sav-
Jagery to civilization?   Why exactly in
jthe order mentioned.   The answer to
this question will put out of court the
idea that capitalism can evolve  into
ything but Socialism.   To argue that
t can, is to say that after watching
the evolution of an egg from the day
if laying, thru incubation to the period
if growing the chicken down, the re-
1 suiting product when the shell is at
> last be broken will be a zebra.   It is to
I say that a male child will grow up Into
womanhood.  The writer Ib fully aware
j tbat to reason from natural evolution
land then apply the answer to social
| evolution is not always sate, neverthe-
,, less he Is persuaded that given causes
produce given effects    upon   human
relations or the milky way.  If then we
can flnd In modern society these causes
j which shall, and must, produce social
\ ownership aa an effect, our case will
he made out.
' Savagery, barbarism, civilisation,
what do these terms mean? How do
-we divide one from the other? Simply
by examining the modes ot production
prevailing amongst the various sections of the human race, where very
crude methods of living prevail, ethnologists have agreed to the term
savagery and, as things change and
better methods appear, we have bar-
fcarism and civilisation. We say a
nation Is civilized, not because It has
a very complex legal and moral system, not because it sports the "golden
rale" or a highly emotional religion;
no, it Is civilized because lt has reached a certain definite stage of economic
development. Ethnologists, amongst
whom Lewis Morgan seems to rank
high, have divided the struggle upward Into many perloda, but from the
Socialist standpoint only two periods
hastily plugged by "his serene senility
modern society. We shall try and compare the two ethnic periods and we
shall flnd them wonderfully alike. |
The classic example of the founding
of the Political state is to be found in
the history of the Greeks. These
tribes advanced with wonderful strides
and before the decay developed a high
civilization a-nd gave to the human
race much learning, sculpture and refinement. Art flourished; wonderful
buildings, wonderful cities, wonderful
poets, wonderful soldiers, wonderful
philosophers, and wretched, soulless,
down-trodden workers. This is the
picture Ancient Greece presents at
the decline of its power. In order to
understand the reasons for the downfall of Gentile society, we must take
a brief glance at the gens in its primitive form. .
The gens was an- organization of
people, supposed to be descended from
a common ancestor and holding lands
and property in common and as such
was the unit of gentile society; as, so
many gens to a phratry, so many
phratries to a tribe, so many tribes
to a nation. The gentile nation was
not a nation as we understand it today, but a large body oi; people living
together without written law and
governing themselves by a kind of trl.
bal "good form" If we may use the
term. Man dealt with man through
personal relations, not as we now do
by law. As we well know, however,
the introduction of soil cultivation
made the piling up of property possible
and introduced upon tbe scene, the
slave. This private—not personal property grew and grew like a lusty boy
In a house of straw, smashing the walls
of his covering with every kick. As
property gathered Into fewer hands,
so the slave class Increased in numbers and discontent. Property was
becoming a tyrant and must be shackled if possible. Alas! who can shackle
social evolution, instead of checking
Hb power all that human ingenuity
can do la to follow after and legalize
with petty little strips ot parchment,
economic conditions already existing
amongst them. It is not our purpose
to detail all the acta of the Greek
tribes, but we will let a wiser, abler,
keener brain speak tor us, 'Lewis
Morgan shall do the talking and we
will listen and consider.
In the upper status of barbarism,
show to what end society waa inevitably drifting, It was a glimpse of the
new coat beneath tha torn outer garment. The following passage from
Morgan Is of great Importance, and the
reader is requested to mark It carefully because society was facing, as
we are to-day, a gerat change in meth-
t?
to remark that this passage will read
as well for to-day as for long ago.
Morgan says: "594 B. C. the evils prevalent In society had reached an unbearable degree. The struggle for the
possession of property,, now a commanding interest had produced singular results. A portion of the Athenians
had fallen into slavery, through debt,
the person of the debtor being to enslavement in default of payment;
others had mortgaged their lands and
were unable to remove the encumbrances; and as a consequence of
these and other embarrassments society was devouring itself."
Solon renewed the project of Theseus or organizing society into classes.
He divided the people into four classes
according to the amount of their property. He transferred a portion of
the civil powers of the gentes, to the
classes with property. But bo far as
classes composed of persons were substituted for gentes composed of persons, the government was still founded
upon persons and this scheme failed
to reach the substance of the question.
It will, however, be noticed by the
reader that this new plan of Solon
making property the basis of a system
ot government, incorporates the new
plan of property classes. Of the four
classes, the last, who were poor and
in the majority, could not hold office
and paid no taxes. The gentile organization still remained In power but with
diminished vitality, it was a transitional period requirng further experience to develop the theory of a political society.   Thus slowly but steadily
THE RIGHT OF POWER
Gribble, at Calgary, Shows How to Obtain Rights.
Nothing in this world was ever done
because it was right or because a book
said so, but because some man bad
the wlll and the power to do lt We
Socialists recognize no right but the
right of power. It ls very nice and
soothing to talk ot such pleasing abstractions as right, justice and British
fair play, and the like, but in the
long run they amount to nothing.
Everywhere in the world we flnd
tbat right is the right of the strongest. This has always been ao and la
now.
Let me illustrate. The axeman has a
right to cut down a tree. Why haa he,
because he can. He haa the will and
the power to do it. A carpenter lays a
floor because he bas a right. He haa
the right because he haa the power to
carry those boards to the places; he
has the power to force them together,
and power to wield the bammer to
drive* the nails. If he had not had the
strength to lift those boards they
would never have been lifted. If be
had not the power to put them together they would not have gone together,
regardless of right and what ought to
be.
Right and wrong are abstractions.
Right is an intangible thing. No one
ever saw it. No one ever felt it No
one can lay down a hard and faat de-
human institutions "are evolved" from flnlt,on for rlBht   At tte mort ,l »■
lower forms into higher, through the
logical operation of the human mind
working m uniform but predetermined
This s***tae, howrwi-i    serves   to ;SJ>W.V?.•   We tteed follow Morgan no
further save to remark that from the
time ot^Theaeus to the days of Cleis-
-thenee tbbreV gathered # class*' ef-disinherited, who through various causes'
had feist track Of their gena and for
this reason were denied religious and
(Continued on Page 4)
ALBERTA LEGISLATURE
On Monday the 12th, O'Brien rose  Just a  wor<i of information  on  this,
to draw the attention of the House to These inspectors dare not bring in a
the following resolution pasBed by the
District Executive Board of district
18, United Mine Workers of America.
"Whereas, we, the District Executive Board, assembled in special session at Blairmore this, the seventeenth day of November, 1910, after
considering   appeals   from   the   mem-
report that is in keeping with the
laws. It they should bring in such a
report, they would no doubt be warned,
and if they persisted, would lose their
jobs under some trumped-up charge
of incompetency. When one is conver.
sant with all the details, It throws a
different light on the situation.
O'Brien then made certain inquiries
but a relative term, and no main can
say absolutely what la right No one
ever saw sight, hearing or feeling yet
all these sensations are bat manifestations of matter.*.
Though no one ever saw mlad we
know what mind is. Mtnfl U a manifestation of the brain and the brain
Is tnatter. But right haa nothing behind it but some one's Idea of it, and
no two people ln this world can agree
on what.lt Is.
Suppose we try to flnd a fair price
for a thing. A horse for example. The
seller asks $200 for it, the buyer wants
to pay $150. The seller says and actually believes that   $200   is   a   fair
price, because it is to his interests to
get $200. The buyer thinks and actually believes that $150 is a just price,
because it is to his own interest to
get the horse for $150. Here are two
made just exactly alike who have different ideas of right regarding the
same article. Their material interests
determine their ideas of right and
wrong.
It is the same everywhere. You remember the strike at Glace Bay. This
was a wage dispute, lt waa an argument between buyers and sellers over
Tbe owners Bald, "Take your labor
power and get out. We wlll get mora
elsewhere," and they did. Fron Eng-'
land, Germany, Austria, Pennsylvania
and elsewhere, they Imported miners
and broke the strike. They had the
power therefore they had the right
These 5000 ablebodied men were beaten by a mere handful of men, inferior
to them In, nearly every way, because
they fought on the wrong field. Dollars
were the weapons, and the capitalist
has the most dollars. Votes should be
the weapons and labor has the moat
votes.
There is no hope for labor under our
capitalistic scheme. Brutal as thla
may Beein it is true. The very fact
that the capitalist owns the means of
life dispels all hope. The position of
the capitalist is getting steadily
stronger, the position of the worker
is getting weaker. There Ib no use of
attacking the profits and the prices ot
the means of life. We must attack the
ownership.
When the flrst forms of life began
on earth, millions of years ago, the
struggle for existence began. Two life
forms tried to draw means of life from
the same spot on the earth. The
stronger survived. The animal form
began to eat tbe vegetable form.
Here the stronger survived. a
Then when man was evolved lt waa
the same. Man, tben a great hairy
animal took a club and went out to
hide behind a rock or a tree, and
waited until some weaker animal
came along.
When the rabbit or deer came close
enough he killed'It and rata it. No
one.-denies that he had ihe right to
eat the rabbit. His right would hava
been of no avail If he had not tbe
power, and we Socialists claim that,
he bad the right because.be had the
power.
Suppose while tbe man was waiting:
for a rabbit for his breakfast, one of
thdse eabte toothed tigers should have
come along.  The tiger alBO wanted a
bers of District 18,  U.  M.  W. A. to,, ,.        . ,  „ ,   ,.     .     ,
,        , . r •    ..   .     ,„ , iIn connection with the recent disaster'a  lust  nrice  for  iahor ™«r     m**
formulate some plan that will compel L nD„„„.,„ „„., H...L.- .,,» -„„„„,„,„  *J.   .   ?        '°r  lab0r .power*    P,ve
the mine owners of
more consideration ....... ,   .,
not getting a fair price. They were not
Alberta to give !at Bellcvue- mi received the following (thousand men, on one hand, spurred
to  the  safetv  of repIy from Fremler sifton:    "l mlBht by their needs, claimed that they were
the mine-workers ln their dally occupation therefore be it
Resolved, that we appeal to the
Alberta Government to appoint immediately a commission to Inquire
into the flagrant abuses which are
now being permitted with Impunity by
the mine-owners of Alberta, that the
miners may feel reasonably assured
that their lives are receiving the consideration which the nature of their
work warrants, and be it further
Resolved, that a copy of this resolution, together with the details of the
situation, be forwarded to C. M. O'Brien, member for Rocky Mountain
division, in order that he may be able
to intelligently urge the Government
to accede to this request."
Comrade O'Brien dealt with the resolution as follows:
Mr. Speaker, I would like to draw
the attention of the Government to
the flagrant violations of the Mines
Regulation Act in the mines of Alberta. I might say that after receiving this communication, I went to see
the Minister of Public Works and the
Attorney General, both of whom informed me there could be nothing
done in regard to the resolution. I
am not going to deal with this at
great length at this period.
What I would like to Impress upon
thla government is that certain acts
on the statute books at this time, are
being openly violated. It Is the opinion of some ot the members that the
inspectors are not doing their duty.
say that the Provincial Mine Inspector has been instructed to go to the
scene of the disaster at once, and the
local Inspector was right on the scene
when the accident occurred.
"A committee of mine-workers has
brought to my notice some amendments that are required to be made
to the mines ordinances. We have
decided to form a technical commission tp look into this matter and anything that they may suggest will receive our full ' • consideration. The
members of this government have a
desire to see the health of the miners
properly looked after."
RUFUS
NOTICE.
Tbe Comrades of the Okanagan are
making a determined effort to build up
a solid organization. We are putting
up the coin and It comes hard. If any
Comrade or Comrades can help us lt
will be appreciated. Donations of
money or literature—the right sort—
are wanted. We could do with 100
Clarions a week for the next three
months. They will be used and will
help get subs. Send tbe coin on to
the Clarion for a bundle for Okanagan
and we wlll do tbe rest. All donations
to Com. Gildermeester, District Secretary, Mara. B. C.
In a class society all things take
on a class nature. There can be no
exception to this rule. It has been
so all through history.
getting their rights. A mere handful
of men on the other hand, Impelled
by their greed, claimed that they
were getting a fair price. Here were
two bodies composed of similar individuals who could not agree upon a
price upon the same commodity
The men wanted a higher wage because it was to their Interests to get
more money for their work. The mine
owners did not want to give it because
it was to their interests to get labor
power as cheaply as possible. Tbe
Ideas of right and wrong in these two
classes were determined by their respective material interests.
I might- -remark here than any dispute between employer and labor la always a wage struggle. Whether tbe
men are asking for higher wages,
shorter hours, or better conditions, It
is always asking more material advantages for the same work, and
these material advantages always
mean money.
The miners thought the trouble was
with wages. They did not know that
the wages were fixed by laws of supply and demand, and, therefore, beyond control either by laborers or
owners.
Tbey said, "If you will not pay at
more for our labor power we will take
It out of your mines," and they did ao.
Now If every man in Canada had had
a job tbey would have won their
cause. Then they would have keen
stronger and wonld have had- tbe
right to higher wages.
breakfast. Would Ihe raan'ii right to
his breakfast keep him from becoming a breakfast for the tiger? Not at
all. The man did not rely on his
rights. He sprinted for the nearest
tree. If the tiger caught him before
he got there, who had the right to
the breakfast then? The tiger of
course.
Another thing is noticeable. When
the tiger came In, sight the man forgot
all about being hungry. His fear overcame every other feeling. His dominant feeling was determined by his immediate material Interests.
Some say that a man had the right
to kill tbe other animals because man
Is a higher form of life. We are the
higher form of animal life because we
are us. The pig thinks he is the
highest type. As a matter of fact man
la tbe highest type of life because
be ls tbe strongest. He has tha power
to kill, eat or enslave other animals;
therefore, he has the right.
Truth like right Is relative. There
la no absolute truth, and all right Is
the right of the strongest. All rights
are obtained and retained by power.
All disputes are settled by power. The
strongest wins and the side that wins
ia right.
The capitalistic claas have been the
strongest and they have- dictated the
standards of right and wrong. They
were once the revolutionists and overthrew the feudal system. They themselves will pass away and the laboring
class wlll be tin- dominant factor, and
their slaves will be the machine. .The
greed and exactions of the capitalists
are making the laborers more rebellions, and,some day they will rise and
verthrow their masterB.
The laborers have a right to power.
Tbey are the str)}nger. Tbe laborers
are fl per cent, ot the population; the
capitalists are 13 per cent. The labor-
_._ are strqager mentally, physically
And "numerically. The strength of the
capitalist, to-day is tbe ignorance of
the workers, Just as soon as tbe workers learn their true positions they will
riae and kelM, the ownership ot the
means of llfo. JDniy then can they en-
Joy life. Tbey will tben be right be-
canae their are in power.—Newa Telegram (Calgary). ■int.   wwicrui   ■OL^ru'UlN,   V/UN'CUUV HJV  OKI 113M LULUMB1A
UHIUKUflr,  ututlflBER  31,  1»10
THE WESTERN CLARION
Published every Saturday by the
Socialist Party ot Canada, at the Offlce
ef the Western Clarion, Flack Block
Baoemeiit, 166 Hastings Street, Vancouver, B. C.
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TEB   WJBSTEB3V   CX-ABIOZf.
In 1668 VanoouTm, B. O.
613
Watch the label on your paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
SATURDAY,   DECEMBER   31,   1910
THE NEW YEAR.
Those particularly human inventions
the principal function of which is to
measure work, the clock and the calendar, inform us all that another subdivision of slavery has been endured
and that we are a year nearer to the
fulfilment of our various destinies.
Time is a peculiar result of the operations of that Inflnitesmal fragment of
matter—the brain of man. That that
beastie considers all things to be moved in accordance with his puny standard is not the least exhibition of his
characteristic arrogance. "The universe is a year older," says he. Because he. has formulated a scheme
whereby the picture of his own grave
daily confronts him, then all else, even
'to the majestic sweep of suns and
planets through interminable space,
must be regulated accordingly! He is
proud of his modesty at that.
Be that as it may, it behooves us,
being human, to stay on the earth and
treat of human matters.
The year 1910 almost completes the
g s'.li in the history of the Socialist
of Canada.   On February 19th,
the name of    the    party    was
••id from the Socialist Party of
.ash Columbia to that which lt now
bears. This was no mere changing of
a name. It meant that a small body
of "disgruntled kickers" had set themselves to the no inconsiderable task
of educating and organizing the workers of the Dominion for the overthrow
of a social system, to the average
mind, impregnably entrenched.
During the time that has since
elapsed, results have far surpassed the
greatest expectations of those "old
timers" who launched their frail craft
upon the agitated waters of social disorder. In Vancouver alone, a matter
of months has seen Socialism elevated
from a stool on the street corner, surrounded by a small knot of more or
less attentive listeners, to a large
theatre where hundreds, yes, thousands of earnest men and women
crowd weekly, eager for this strange
new message of final emancipation.
All over the country, while in some
places, to those ardent spirits whose
worthy impatience ill brooks delay,
the Movement may seem to lag, the
note of progress is clearly and resonantly sounded. We are young, we
know whereof we speak and the material for our growth is abundant,
of which to boast. Nevertheless, it
therefore we have perhaps hut little
cannot but be heartening and encouraging to observe how careful attention
and thoughtful consideration have taken the place of indifference and ridicule toward our principles among the
waRo workers.
Let us lose little time In retrospection, but set our faces ever forward.
While men, women and children of
society's only useful class must toil,
and toil again with no thought or hope
of aught hut further toll, all for the
soft luxury of another class, let tliere
he no halting, no slackening of pace,
our necessities demand vlint we must,
and our history records that we can
win.
A "Happy New Year!" A pretty
salutation, and how ironic. Where is
the happiness in the year that marks
another period of human slavery.
There will come a year that to us will
he, If not happy, at least satisfying—
that in which the social revolution will
•weep the world and forever from the
brow ot Labor shall be erased the
hated imprint of age-long economic
bondage.
i
HOW TO SELL.
The system of society-fnlw^lcS- we
are now more or less living! is marked
by an apotheosis of a one*© despised
occupation—that of'■ ■'(•M-ficing**-cturiata
and othur specie from each others*
pockets. Once used for the purpose
of facilitating the exchange of commodities, the position of money is reversed and commodities are now exchanged to facilitate the movement of
money. Or rather to cause it to find
a permanent resting place in the
clothes of this or that vendor. In
other words, from being a means to
an end, money has become an end in
itself.
This   noble   practice   of   inducing
money-owners to part with their most'" ateriailsti7conception"of History and kind ~oVt-o~olishn'ess.01d_maiirfor any
potent commodity has been formulated, 80me othe,. aultable Btuff   andj tf he!sa,te3 can of- the BlUy   ,)Un;r.ing upon
a.n!** ,fln.^ expresB.-.0^  in. a. book_.en; I studies, will find himself alright. |iny  unfortunate  name,  it's   a  rotten
*   *   * 'business anyway.   And 1 deny in con-
A man that goes round talking like-elusion that Ihe "Guide" teaches any
'thing useful to farmers In the way of
(Stump rancher. Aged 45. Can economics, there is no word of "value"
neither read nor write. "A good work- of price or profit in the economic sense,
er." About as near absolutely hope-!It is all robbery of consumers, etc.;
less as anything can be. Ye "honor-'in fact, it is not for Socialism, so It
able member" for ye Rocky Mountains must be against it. It is no different
once informed me that this kind make in its essentials to the Equity paper
the best, "when you get them." Per- and that great book, The Third Power
haps they do.    Anyhow if the "Hon. which did such noble work,
."We get the worst of the deal al- would require nothing short of a mlr-
Tigj-St,   But can we alter it?" acle.
! (A.jfood subject. Sold htm a bunch | However, it was Mr. Tate who cap-
oTt'-werature and Clarion sub. Ought ped it all, he said that we must under-
tji:^PJke the grade alright.) 'stand the government is the servant
* *   * ! of the people and that we must not
"You   can't   do   anything   without go to them with a club and say, "this
God." jwe want aiiid will have," but we must
* *   * be respectable and respected.   Eh! eh!
"It's no good trying to make things Js this  class    consciousness?      Your
better till the church is out of the'motions on public owneiship are not
way." in any way different to "let the nation
(Contrast the two statements. The ;own the Trusts." Comrade Wilshire's
flrst is an "old-time" religious freak, i slogan spells nothing more than state
set in opinions and hardly worth both- j capitalism which is a "duce" of a way
ering with. The second proved to be from Socialism. As to the Ottawa
an Ingersoll and Ilrudlaugli agnostic, delegation, this bunch have the money
with the makings of a good one, but to spend and 1 suppose they may as
away behind  the times.    He  bought well spend in that way as in any other
titled "How to Write Letters That
Win," published by the System Company of Chicago. A perusal of the fca^blfeht^bi-ahot
work will equip one with a knowledge
of how to hunt his wary victim—the
purchaser.
It is said that a good way to arrest
the attention of a speeding animal,
causing it to pause for the reception
of a bullet, is to whistle. While this
method might not prove efficacious in
-~-
Socialist Directory
■ Every local of the Socialist Party   lOCAL VANCOUVEB, B.  0., VO. 4B.—
of Canada should run a card under thla       rinnlsn.      Meets    every    second     and
     per   month.        Secretaries       *--■-"-  "■*• •
head.      $1.00
please note,
fourth Thursdays in the month at 2237I]
Wchtminaur Avenue. Secretary. Wm.,
Myntti.
Kenzie,
ver,   B.
Secretary,   Hox   1638,  Vuncuu-
C.
LOCAI,
VEKNON   B.   0.,   No.   38,   B.
P.
of C.
Meeta  every  Tuesday,   8  p.
m.
tilim-p
at  L. O.  L.  Hull,  Tronson
St.
t'lius.
Cliuney,  Secretary.
BRITISH      COLUMBIA.     PBOVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 1688 Vancouver, B. C.
the pursuit of our quarry with the
coin, not dissimilar means are recommended. Various ways of attracting
attention are suggested. Here are
some of them:
"Dear Sir: Fire two of your
clerks." Your game immediately gets
red behind the ears, seeing that this
ts something he is pleased to regard
as his own business, and proceeds to
acquaint himself with the excellencies
of your patent washing-machine.
Gradually his ferocity subsides, a mellow glow permeates his system and he
becomes radio-active with cash. At
least, so we are told.
Another sure hypnotizer is given as:
"Dear Sir: May I give you $1,000.00."
What highly moral and upright pillar
of society would not become instantly
fascinated by so delightful a prospect?
Of course, when he discovers that you
do not intend to give anybody ten
cents, but wish to extract his universal equivalent by means of your non
inflammable wall-paper, he is not an
gry, but is filled with great admiration for you as an exponent of capitalist ethics.
Meanwhile, labor goes on producing
to supply the stakes for this merry
game. If wealth is ever again produced for use, it must be brought
about by the wage-workers. The members of the other clasB are too steeped
in the pretty pleasures of purloining
each others' property to ever grasp the
significance of such a possibility.
The "Weekly Sun" of Toronto firmly and acrimoniously disapproves of
tbe passage of Verville's eight-hour
law. Whether the eight-hour day is
of any benefit to labor or not, the Sun
thinks it is, and is therefore opposed
to it.
In the same paper appears this quotation: "A few millions spent in protecting us against pirates on land will
be better than many millions expended
in guarding us against pillage on faraway seas."—Green.
Query: Who are "us?" Evidently
the subdivision of the land-pirate fraternity which the "Sun" supports. All
pirates look alike to this "us."
NOTES AND COMMENTS.
ATEINTS
IQMPTCY .SECURED!
jri- -olid, (he wemmttm of Manufacturers,
Tgnzinceru *nt then who realize the edvisabil-
Uy oi tiBt-inf their Patent business transacted
kyEiwiti. ""rellmU»ry-KjT'ce free. Charges
■ode-alt. Oar memtm** A-lrlwr sent upon
m-TiK^t Marios. SlUrto-l, New York Life Bldg,
Hautical :    ltd WsUrt-iffton. D.C, U.S.A.
It is interesting at all times to "see
ourselves as others see us." The
writer held a fairly well attended pro
paganda meeting the other day and
some comrades who sat unnoticed
amongst the crowd jotted down these
remarks. The "spiel" in question was
on the struggle for existence, with a
summing up of present conditions and
the inevitable "solution" at the end: —
* *   *
"It's a new kind of politics; I never
heard anything like it, before."
(In this case the listener was in
terested und spent all the coin ho had
on hlm for literature ard a Clarion
sub.)
* *   *
"Too much evolution for me. I'm
not descended from any monkey."
(Monkeys were not mentioned, by
the way. The only kind of evolution
dealt with being Industrial and social.
Typical case of muddled mentality.)
* *   *
"He never mentioned the storekeepers—they're the worst thieves of
the bunch."
"Robbed as a consumer" notions.
Ignorant, but by no means uncommon
case, or without hope. Knows he's
robbed somewhere and is sore about it.
Local comrades promised to look after
him with literature.)
* *   •
"What about Australia? They've got
Socialism there, and It's worse than
here!" *-*-
(Another case of mental fog. On
conversation proved ready to listen to
the real stuff. Prejudiced against us
on account of reform dope. Promising
case.)
»   *   »
"The good old Conservative party
does for me.   I don't want no change."
(Absolute bonehead. Only way propaganda can be done in such cases is
to get bachelor comrades to poison him
with home-made pie.)
member" wants to prove his theory,
address can be obtained. For me, "life
is too short.")
A. BUDDEN.
SLAVES AND TAXES.
"That's the stuff we want. I'm ready j Who is it that pays the taxes? Does
for a change any time. Individualism; the worker pay, or is it the boss. On
is played out. I'm ready to join the jthe face of it, it certainly appears that
Socialists right now. You can't make • the worker pays his share of the exit too hot for me." ipense of the state.   That state which
(Note a contrast between the two!upholds the system of wage slavery,
opinions. It might Interest some to Wage slavery requires no argument,
know that while the individual who it is self-evident. That being so, is it
would like to "shoot the speaker" is possible for a slave to pay taxes? A
one of the worst off financially, in the slave is an animal or thing that works.
crowd; the revolutionary individual,it is supplied with food and fuel to
could buy any two farmers in the ills- keep it in working order. A machine
trict out. Marx says something about ts supplied with motive power and
the more ignorant element at times igrease, and it will produce until it is
proving willing tools for reaction.    It worn out.    The animal that works re
may not be always right, but on this
particular instance it was.
•   *   *
These little notes and comments are
not offered because of any particular
novelty or merit, but because Ihey actually do give side lights on human
nature that will be interesting as showing the various stages of mental evolution (or ossification) to which the
various individuals have attained.
HIBERNICUS.
THE G. G. A.
Dear Boughten: —Your letter about
the G. G. A. is O.K., but you evidently
work under different conditions than
we have here. Let us clear the
ground. First, I am a member of the
G. G. A. and try to get the dope on
deck upon every occasion possible.
But it's hard work, the chairman ruling
you out all the time and the members
shouting you down. Comrade Boerma
who has stood high in the G. G. A. and
myself are, I venture to suggest, the
most hated (by these grain grower
gentry) men around here. About
matrimony I plead guilty, so honors
to you there. But, my dear man, the
efforts of the G. G. A. are not in the
direction of putting a dent in Capitalism ; that they can remedy slight evils
merely proves that they are trying to
patch capitalism which ls rather different to denting it. It is here that I
seem to see their deadness, they are
working upon a dead issue and must
fall to pieces in the near future. This
is, of course, more or less of a quibble,
so you may take honois as to their
"deadity" If you like.
About the dividends of the Company,
you have, unintentionally I am sure,
misquoted me. If you will look the
matter up again you will see that 1
did not say "there was nothing remarkable about their dividends," but
made this remark about the business
done by the company aB a whole.
Again that the speakers of the (1. G. A
help to make lhe farmers class-con
scious is something to which I must
disagree absolutely. I have only beard
a few certainly, but such aa I have
heard are decidedly bum. One, Mr.
Knowles, was not too bad, but oh!
his economics were rotten. After the
meeting 1 spoke to bim and he Bald he
was a Socialist but working for the
G. G. A. because he thought we would
get It sooner that way. Next we heard
a Mr. Hawkes; good heavens, was over
such blatant rubbish heard from any
but a political heeler. His speil consisted ln the main of warnings "for any
sakes farmers keep out of politics, and
above all bave nothing to do with
Liberals, Tories and Socialists." He
ended by waving his arm around and
claiming that the farmera created all
wealth. Several comrades asked questions which silenced the speaker. The
writer ventured to start a spell criticising Hawkes when the whole crowd
rose to its feet and it looked like a
free for all. Hawkes retreated in sullen silence; afterwards I heard that,
"that swine of a Budden nearly got
his block knocked off."
Next oame Mr. Partridge and Mr.
Tate, Mr. Partridge who ls what he
calls a half-baked Socialist, told us
not to think of a third political party,
but to join tho old parties to the end
that partyism may be broken up. This
ls funny, in that to join the political
expression of capitalism aad destroy it
without tampering with    the    cause
'
quires a certain amount of food and
shelter and it will work when it is
made to do so, not otherwise.
A slave in the old days was in exactly the same situation as an nnimul,
a horse for instance. He simply worked for his board. The same thing applies to the present wage slave, on the
average. He certainly does not get all
he produces, but simply the equivalent
of what the chattel slave got, only ln
wages. Therefore, if the chattel slave
got no money to handle, he did not
pay taxes, he could not. The wage
slave is in the same position, so he
can pay no taxes.
But, you say, why I have got my
receipts at home to prove that I paid
them. Most decidedly, you handed out
the cash to the collector, but where
did you get the money from? Slaves
have nothing to pay with; you must
have stolen it, or else someone gave
it to you. That's it, some one gave it
to you. A slave likes to think he is a
free man and that he has a say in the
government, helping to keep it going.
It Is good for the bosses for the slave
to think that because the slave will
be content with his lot in life.
And so the artful boss hands his
slave a few cents more than it will
cost to keep him alive, so that the
poor deluded slave can think he is free
and has a hand in making and governing the country. W. H. STEIN.
ALBEBTA   PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
Committee, Soolallat Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Monday In
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofllce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications!
regarding the movement ln the province. F. Danby, Sec, Box 647 Calgary,
Alta.
LOOAX VICTORIA, NO. t,   .B. T. OF O.l
Headquarters and Heading Hooni/l
6:*3 Johnston St. Opposite Queens Ho-ll
tel. Business meeting every TuesdajlJ
evening, 8 p.m. Propaganda meeting.',1!
every Sunday at Qrand Theatre.
T. Gray, Secretary.
LOOAL TUB, B. O., Wo. 31, B. T. Ot Clffl
—Meets every third Saturday ill
month, at 7:30 p. m. E. Anderson,]
Secretary; W. B. Mclsaae, Treasurer
Unattached Comrades ln the district
are earnestly requested to get in touclT
MANITOBA PBOVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Committee: Notice—This card is
inserted for the purpose of getting
"YOU" Interested In the Socialist
movement. SOCIALISTS are always
members of the Party; so if you are
desirous of becoming a member, or
wish to get any Information, write the
secretary, W. II. Stebblngs. Address,
316 Good street, Winnipeg.
MABtTIME       PBOVINCIAL       EXECU-
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon's,
Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane, Secretary, Box 4U1, Glace Bay, N. S.
LOOAL   FEBNIE,   S.   P.   of   O.   HOLDS
educational meetings ln the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernie, every Sunduy evening at 7:46. Business
meeting llrst Sunday in each month,
same place at 2:30 p, m.
David Paton, Secy., Box 101.
with   Secretary,
enquiries.
who  wlll  answer  al,
LOCAL CALGARY, ALTA., No. 4, 8.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at
p.m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Blocll
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofllce). Cluil
and Heading Room. Labor Hah,
Machln, Secretary. Box 647, A. Ma
donald,   Organizer,   Box   647.
LOCAL     COLEMAN,     ALTA.,     NO
Miner's Hall und Opera House. Prop*
ganda Meetings at li p.m. on the lJ
and 3rd Sundays of the month. Bus-I
ness meetings on Thursday eventnJ
following propaganda meetings at 1
Organizer—T. Steele, Coleman, Alt!
Secretary, D. H. Hysiop, Box 63, CojT
man Alta. Visitors may receive infcL
matlon any day at Miner's Hall frol
Coin. W. Graham, Secretary of U. '■
W. of A. '
LOCAL  EDMONTON, ALTA.,  NO.  1,
P. of C. Heurquurters 622 First H.
Business and propaganda meetlrj
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. shal
Our Reading Room Is open to the pil
lie free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. dail
F. Blake, 649 Athabasca Ave., .Seel
tary. Treasurer, T. Blssett, 322 FourT
St., Organizer.
LOCAL   LADYSMITH  NO.   10,  B.  P.   Qi
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. in Headquarters on First Ave
J. II. Burrough, Box 31, Ladysmlth,
B. c.
LOCAL MICHEL, B. C, NO. IS, S. P. OF
C, meets every Sunday in Graham's
Hall at 10:30 a. m. Socialist speakers
are invited to call. V. Frodsham, Secretary.
LOCAL MABA, B. C, NO. 34, 8. P. Of C,
Meets first Sunday in every month in
Socialist Hall, Mara 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Rosoman,   Recording   Secretary.
LOCAL MOVIE, B. O, NO. 30 MBET8
second Sunday 7:30 p.m. in McGregoi
Hall (Miners' Hall), Thos. Roberts,
Secretary.
LOCAL   NANAIMO,  NO.  8,   8.  P.  of   C.
meets every alternute Sunduy evening
in Foresters Hail. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock.
Jack Place. Rec. Secy., Box 826.
LOOAL   NELSON,  8.  P.   of  C,   MEET3
every Friday evening at 8 p. m., In
Miners' Hall, Nelson. B. C. I. A. Austin, Secy.
LOCAL PBINCE BUPEBT, B. C, No. 63,
S. P. of C.—Meets every Sunday In
hall In Empress Theater Block at 2:00
p. m.    L. H. Gorham, Secretary.
LOCAL      BEVELBTOXE,      B.C.S.P.C.—
Propaganda and business meetings al
8 p. m. every Sunday evening in the
Edison Parlor Theater. Speakers
passing through Revelstoke are invited to attend. B. P. Gayman, Secretary.
ANDY'S    PEACE.
So you are giving $10,000,000 to the
cause of Peace, eh, Andy? Well I
guess you will receive reward from
the Prince of Peace iu the shape of
a crown of laurels—or a lemon. Not
so very long ago, Andy, you said
"war is the foulest blot on civilization." Your peace loving mind could
not see why armed men- should meet
in battle and kill each other
Have you forgotten the time when
you had the State militia out to shoot
down unarmed defenceless men? War
ls a foul blot when armed men meet
on nearly equal terms. Hut when
starving slaves revolt at producing
bo much for you and getting so little
for themselves, you blow out their
brains, make their wiveB widows and
their children orphans.
Go to, you old hypocrite, if you want
peace, and not the peace of slavery,
get off the workers' backs,'or better
still, prepare for the toboggan slide
when they dump you. When they
do that they will have peace and not
till then.
ED..  FULCHER.
The farmer gets "free land." Now,
in one place we wot of the land costs
on the average about $125 an acre
to prepare for cultivation. Without
going deeply into the question-, how
can a man say he gets his land for
nothing when it costs him 125 dollars
before it becomes productive?
• •   •
All this talk of "oppression" of the
workers makes us tired. How can
over 90 per cent, of the whole be
oppressed" by the other ten per cent?
As a matter of fact the toller commits
political   and  Industrial  suicide.
* •   •
The average individual who "succeeds" generally puts himself so much
'on the hog" achieving the "success"
that by the time he gets the money
he has lost the capacity for enjoyment.
LOCAL BOB8LAND, NO. 35, B. P. Of C,
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:30 p.m. E. Campbell. Secy., P. O
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets In Flnlanders' Hall, Sundays at
7:30 p.m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Boi
54 Rossland.
LOCAL   VANCOUVEB,   B.  C, NO.  I.—
Canada.      Business    meetings    every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, 2237
Westminster Ave.
F. Perry, Secretury, Box 1688.
LOOAL LETHBBIDGE,, ALTA., NO.
8. P. of C Meets  1st and 3rd Su
day    ln    the    month,   at   4   p.m.
Miners'      Hall.        Secretary,     ChJ
Peacock, Box 1983.
LOCAL  BEOINA  NO.  6,   SA8KATCsl|
WAN—Meets   every   Sunday,   3   p. I
Trades    Hall,    Scarth   St.      Secretail
Alex.    Watchman,    General    Deliver!
Socialist  speakers  will  be greatly al
predated.
LOCAL WINNIPEG, 8. P. of C, HE A I
quarters, Kerr's Hall, 120 1-2 Adelall
Street, opposite Roblln Hotel. BdsT
ness meeting every Monday evening I
3 p m. Propaganda meeting Sundil
evening 8 p.m. Everybody welconf
Secretary, J. W. Hilling, 270 Youil
Street.
LOCAL TOBONTO, ONT., NO. 34, 8. _
OF C. Business meetings 2nd ail
4th Wednesdays In the month. I
the Labor Temple, Church St. Oi'l
door propaganda meetings, Saturdal
8 p.m., City Hall; Sunday afternool
3 p.m., at University and Queen Si
Sunday night, 8 p.m., at Shuter aft
Yonge St. Speakers' Class eve*
Thursday, 8 p.m., at Heada.uartsil
79 Church St. Secretary, Artha
Taylor, 201 George St.
LOOAL BBANTFOBD, No. 18, 8. P. Of
Meets at heudquurters, 13 George S
every Thursday and Sunday night
Business and Speakers' Class on Thur
days; Economic Class on Sunday
Wage workers Invited. A^St, MmXt
Secretary. 9 George St.^JET'65*5)
port. Organizer,  141 Nell
LOCAL   OTTAWA,   NO.
Business    meeting    1st'  ,
month, and propaganda meetings fc
lowing Sundays at 8 p.m. In Robe-
Allan hall, 78 Rldeau St. John Lyoi
Secretary. 43 Centre St.
LOCAL OLACE BAY NO. 1, OF N. B.
Business and Propaganda meetli
every Thursday at 8 p.m. ln Macdo
aid's hall, Union Street. All are wi
come. Alfred Nash, Corresponding S
cretary. Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherlan
Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G. Rot
Financial Secretary, office In B. /
Brodie Printing Co. building, Uni<
Street.
To Canadian  Socialists
On account of Increased postal
rates we are obliged to make the
subscription price of the International Socialist Review ln Canada
11.20 a year instead of 11,00. We
can, however, make the following
special offers:
For 13.00 we will mall three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mall ten
copies of any one Issue.
For 13.00 we will mall the Review   one   year  and   the   Chicago
Daily Socialist for one year.
CHARLES H. XEBB ft COMPANY
134 West Kinzie St., Chicago.
Price List of Literature
Issued by the Dominion Executive
Committee
"Slave of The Farm," or
"Proletarian in Politics," to locals subscribing to the publishing fund, $1.00
per 100, to others 25c per doz.
"Socialism and Unionism" to be published.
"Value, Price and Profit," to subribers
to publishing fund $2 per 100, to others
30c per doz.
"Socialism, Revolution and Internationalism"   to subscribers  to   publishing
fund $6 per 100, to others 75c por doz.
GREAT BOOKS BY
GREAT MEN
Riddle of the Universe, by
Haeckel    25c
The Rights of Man, Paine...   ISc i
The Story of Creation, Clodd 29c
Lifeof Jesus, Ronan   25c
Age of Reason, Paine    15c
Merrie England    20c
Ingersoll's Lectures, 1st, 2nd
and 3rd series  each 25c
PoBtage prepaid oi books
The People's Book Store
152 Cordova St. W.
PRICE LI8T OF SUPPLIES
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
Membership  Card*,  each     .01
Duea Stamps, each 10
Platform and   application   blank
per 100 26
Ditto in Finnish, par 100 B0
Ditto in Ukranian, per 100 50
Constitut ons, per dozen, 50c.
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen       50
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
$££« THE CAFETERIA
305  Cambie Street
The best of every thing properly
cooked.
Chas. Molcahey, Prop.
F. PERRY
TAILOR
834 PENDER
®®®®®®®®®®®®®®%®m®®®®®®®®®®®®®®\
**°*» ^   "KURTZS^mSH BLOSSOM
""st in B.C. nr..\?s:
- SATURDAY,  DE
*9
E5TEKN*XAKION
^SN
CCJUV CIV.  DIM lion  lAJ-L.UlVlDlM.
m
THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
Tb'" Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box  1688, Vancouver, B. C.
onto hoys. I shall treasure it both for
its own sake and theirs. I thank them
heartily.
Enclosed you will flnd a number of
subs, this will help to make up for
these gentlemen was heard to remark
recently that such people as Desmond
should be expeditiously executed.
We held a meeting last Monday evening in the schoolhouse, and everyone
BARITZ' DEFENCE.
Dear Comrade Editor:—I hope to see
this published, not so much for my
sake, as for the purpose of keeping the
name of the S. P. of G. B. clean. Both
you and Robcoo Fillmore have misrepresented the attituiJe of the only revolutionary party existing in the International political Held. Why you have
done so I really don't know. Fillmore
is not so much to blame, as he has not
had the experience you have, and is to
be pitted rather than blamed.
First, however, it does seem curious
that at least twice a month (sometimes
as many as 4 times a month) you publish articles from the "Socialist Standard." I am prepared to say that
every person who gets both "S. Standard" and "Clarion" will admit that the
Socialist Party of Great Britain Is infinitely superior in every way, both as
iu method of presentation and matter
for the readers of those papers. One
thing is that It does not have to condone all political dodgers like Haw-
thornwalte, Williams and O'Erlen and
R. P. Pettipiece. Any individual who
supported any kind of fake party is
immediately expelled.
Within the laBt 12 months certain
people have been put outside for
answeiing questions on the platform
wrongly and another for saying that a
certain S. D. P'er. was as good a
Socialist as an S. P. G. B'er.
If that was adopted here we might
get a real party instead of the peripatetic wobbler in both B. C. and the
Maritime Provinces. Party discipline
has been ignored all throughout the
Dominion. Locals do as they like Instead of being subject to certain rigid
and strict lines of action.. Not so in
the S. P. of G. B. There each speaker
must pass an examination, and no one
is allowed to join the party unless he
first understands the Socialist position.
That's where the "real red" comes
from, do yon see?
Now as to the religious attitude of
the Socialist Party of Great Britain.
Though you have read their pamphlet
on "Socialism and Religion," you still
persist In misrepresenting their attitude. For that there can be no excuse. Fillmore, however, says that
"the S. P. G. B. is more or less an
annex of the Socialist Society." There
auch truth in that as there would
1 me to say that the Socialist
tif Canada is revolutionary and
pie Maritime Executive know
Socialism Is. Just about as much.
In order to see what ls the position of
the S. P. of G. B. let me just put in
Chapter XII. of the pamphlet on
"Socialism and Religion:"
XII.—Socialists and the Religious
Conflict.
It may be urged with regard to the
struggle against religion tnat since
Socialists look upon religious ideas as
shadows of society, they should not
drop the substance for the shadow, but
should ignore religion entirely. This,
however, is incorrect, for apart from
the necessity of frankly facing every
implication of Socialism, there yet remains the fact already i:oted, that
ideas religious or other, have an important reflex action on society that
cannot be ignored. Moreover, as Marx
has put it:
"Religion is the opium of the people.
The suppression of religion as the
happiness ot the people is the revendl-
cation of its real happiness. The invitation to abandon illusions regarding
its situation is an invitation to abandon
a situation which has need of illusions.
Criticism of religion is, therefore, the
germ of criticism of the vale of tears,
of which religion is the holy aspect."
Not only.lndeed, is the struggle
against religion intellectually useful,
but It cannot conscientiously be avoided, for religion is used against the
Socialist movement by the possessing
class in every country. But to abolish
religion ls not to abolish exploitation,
because only one of the enemy's guns
will have been silenced. The workers
have, above all, to dislodge the capitalist class from power, and the religious
question, and indeed all else, is secondary to this. To say this Is not to
belittle the specifically anti-religious
fight, but to indicate its rightful place
in the greater struggle—the battle
for emancipation requiring the intelligent co-operation of the great mass of
the working class. The test of admission to the Socialist Party must be
neither more nor lesB than acceptance
of the essential working principles and
policy of Socialism as a class movement. To demand more ls to invite
anarchy, and embark on the slippery
incline of Laborism and compromise.
These essentials of Socialist principles
and policy are outlined in the Declaration of Principles of the Socialist
Party. They can be easily understood
by the average worker, and they comprise the irreducible minima of the
principles and policy of Socialism;
narrow enough to exclude all who are
not Socialists, yet broad enough to embrace every one who is. They form,
in consequence, a reasonable and suffi
cient test; while their acceptance logically leads to the attitude toward religion that has been outlined In these
pages. If a man supports the Church,
or in any respect allows religious ideas
to stand ln the way of the principles of
Socialism or the activity of the Party,
he proves thereby that he does not accept Socialism as fundamentally true
and of the flrst Importance, and his
place is outside. No man can be consistently both a Socialist and a Christian. It must be either the Socialist or
the religious principle that is supreme
for the attempt to couple them equally
together betrays charlatanism or lack
of thought. There Is, therefore, no
need for a specifically anti-religious
test. So surely does the acceptance of
Socialism lead to the exclusion of the
supernatural, that the Socialist has
little need for such terms as Atheist,
Fiee-thinker, or even Materialist; for
the word Socialist, rightly understood,
implies one who on all such questions
takes his stand on positive science, explaining all things by purely natural
causation; Socialism being not merely
a politico-economic creed, but aa integral part of a consistent world philosophy.
Perhaps, now, the readers of the
Clarion will be able to judge for themselves whether the S. P. G. B. are an
annex to the Secular Society. Comrades McKenzie and Fillmore are apparently in a fog or bog and want
extricating. My hope is that this will
jhelp. The other business of the edi-
jtorlal re Toronto local no doubt will
be dealt with in due course. But meanwhile comrades take the editorial "cum
grano sails." The attempt by the Editor is a miserable one. Hoping this
appears  in print.
I am,
Yours for a revolutionary policy,
MOSES   BARITZ.
crazy defection of the jUBt mentioned attended. Andy Johnson took the chair
Torontonians (they'll get over it). in a very able manner and he, Desmond
They will also learn that a Moses I and myself all spoke upon "Hard
(whatever hla other name is) often Work," dealing with the remarkable In-
turns out to be a Judas. I have al- dustry shown by ranchers, loggers, etc.,
ready learnt this! In conclusion, I sin- and the fact that under a sane organ 1-
cerely express my regret to the Party zation drudgery could be cut out al-
through the D. E. C, for making the;together and the providing of the
mistake of introducing and reoonv necessities of life become a very simple
mending a will-of-the-wlsp like Barltz I proposition.
to them. Write soon Mc. haven't At the close of the meeting, Silver
heard from you for a heaven of a time, Ciock Local was organized, six resi-
and wonder if I am tn disgrace.
Wouldn't lose any sleep over It, anyhow.
WILFRED GRIBBLE.
ORGANIZING THE  OKANAGAN.
dents of Silver Creek joining and various others expressing their sympathy
with the movement. Owing to a heavy
snowstorm I am unable to walk nearly
ten miles to the Salmon Arm meeting
to be held to-night. The Salmon Arm
Socialists will join with us until they
The attempt   to build   up a solid, are sufficiently strong to run a separate
local.    I will try and see them next
GRIBBLE  REPORTS.
Since 'ast. writing, which was longer
ago than it should have been, things
have been going well. Increased activity has been shown about the coal
camps ln the south of the Rocky
Mountain Division of Alberta, especially at Coleman and at Blairmore, a
local being formed at the latter place,
apparent indications auguring well for
the future, though increased experience makes me chary of anticipating
or predicting.
At Calgary, owing to the previous
good work of local Comrades, I held
the best series of meetings that 1 have
held since holding organizer's credentials, on the Sunday night the large
hall of the Labor Temple being packed to the doors and a smaller hall the
same for the three successive evenings.
The Comrades at Calgary are very
fine on literature, putting up a great
display for sale, a full line of S. P. of
C, of S. P. of G. B., and the pick of the
Kerr Company's books. Calgary Local is almost entirely composed of
young men, and the advance made
since last February is very noticeable.
I enclose newspaper reports of talks;
they are the best I have had at any
time, though the reporter in abbreviating has got things a bit mixed at
times, they will pass. I forward them
for re-publlcatlon. If you have space,
as proof that I am serving out the
straight dope, they'll act as armor
against the back-stabbing innuendoes
that are being indulged In, you know
Mc.
At Edmonton, where I now am, there
is a distinct improvement since my
last visit, thougn not yet up to Calgary's level, chiefly for the reason that
Pnrly memberB here have not got
the habit of spending their evenings
at the headquarters, as many do In
Calgary. We had a fine meeting here
Sunday night. I spoke at Lacombe
two nights ago and had a fair crowd,
notwithstanding the fact that there
was a wrestling match on, one of the
Comrades being one of the contestants. Am doing personal work in Edmonton at present and holding another meeting next Sunday which we
anticipate will be a hummer. To-morrow am going out to the Cardiff coal
mines, some distance out of town to
hold a meeting.
Next week, O'Brien has arranged
meetings for me between here and
Calgary, where I shall be holding a
meeting the Sunday after next and,
unless I get orders to the contrary
from the D. E. 0., shall be remaining
for some time. Farmilo, who I was
glad to see again, is filling a date at
Ersklne*. Judging by a book-talk I
heard him give on Sunday, he ia developing as a speaker very rapidly,
but, better still, he is a hard and consistent worker, hot-headed, yes, but not
Bwelled-headed. I would like to acknowledge the receipt of a little graft
in the shape of a handsome volume
containing all the numbers of the Socialist Standard since flrst published
which has come to hand since making
my last report.   This Is from the Tor-
machine-like organization in this district (Okanagan) is one that ought to
teach us some valuable lessons. It Ib
the flrst time anything of this kind has
been attempted, and we will no doubt
flnd we have much to learn. So far,
the principal new departures are personal (house visiting) work and an attempt at the systematic sale and distribution of literature. A little sketch
of how the thing has been done up to
date may interest comrades elsewhere.
Some couple of months ago, while
ow a trip through this section, I found
several places almost ripe for organization, and in others quite a number of
workers interested in the movement
and desiring information. In half a
dozen localities I was asked to stop a
few days and "come round at night to
talk it over." Also, In many cases,
local comrades told me that if they
had a stock of literature on hand they
could often sell a book or leaflet to inquirers. In some instances these comrades did keep a little good literature,
but in others—being of the working
breed—they could not always afford to
sink five or six dollars In that way.
All this seemed to show that there
was something lacking In our organization.   I talked it over with the local
week and will forward a further report
to the Executive, together with settlement for charter, supplies, etc.
ALF. JOHNSON.
Silver Creek, B.C., Dec. 23rd.
Blessed are the peacemakers—who
get in on Andy's little ten million.
Blessed is he who hath nothing, for
he can't lose it.
SOCIALISM   AND   THE   ANTI-WAR
CAMPAIGN.
In our report of the International
Congress at Copenhagen we referred
briefly to the absurd proposals to organize the workers of the world to
ensure "universal disarmament and the
prevention of wargare." But in view
of the efforts of the British section
of the confusionists to "enlighten"
the workers on "the all important
question of armaments or no armaments, warfare or no warfare" (under
capitalism!) and particularly in view
of the projected Mass Meeting at the
Albert. Hall, it ls necessary to explain
lhe Socialist position on this matter
at greater length.
The Declaration of Principles of the
Socialist Party state that the machin-
comrades and the idea was advanced ,e,.y of government, including the armed
forces of the nation, exists to conserve
that the best way to cope with the
difficulty would be a local district organizer for this work. The principal
obstacle waB financial—organizers, like
other humans, requiring their cost of
subsistence. However, by hard effort,
the financial end of the game was
beaten. Comrade Gildermeester was
appointed district secretary and the
work started.
The plan followed Is to hold a public
meeting in each place and then follow
it up with, if possible, about a week's
peisonal work. If the place is ripe
for organization—proceed to organize.
If lt Js not yet ripe for a local, get
any who may be far advanced enough
in as members at large. In all cases
try to get them reading the right stuff.
Sell literature wherever possible—you
can generally get them to buy a couple
of five-cent booklets anyhow. If you
can't Bell the stuff and think the individual is broke, give him a couple of
pamphlets. At each place establish a
live Socialist with a stock of literature.
Simple stuff for the beginners, more
scientific works for those more advanced. (I am making a specialty of
books on evolution and find they sell
well.)
The arrangement is that every
month the literature agents will report
their sales, send in cash and, if necessary, get more literature. At each
place also, attention is paid to getting
all Socialists on the voters' list. Up
to date, following out these methods, I
have organized one local, held one
public meeting, established three literature agents, sold six or seven dollars worth of books personally nnd had
an opportunity to gather local comrades together in an endeavor to get
them started studying along lines of
economics and science. Also I have
visited with comrades, about ten or
eleven families, and taken Socialism
into their homes (without busting
them up, by the way). What results
will come of this we cannot say, but
we are doing our best and will, we
think, have some good results to show
at the end of three months.
DESMOND.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
D. G. McKenzie,
Dear Comrade: At our business
meeting last Monday the following officers were elected for 1911: Corresponding secretary W. Baguley; financial secretary, S. Wells; recording secretary, S. W. Sparks; organizer, H. A.
Gilchrist.
Yours in revolt,
ARCHIE HOGG.
SILVER  CREEK.  B. C.
Dear Mc.—Comrade Gerald Desmond
arrived ln Silver Creek JUBt over a
week ago and spent some days among
the slaves of the bush-ranches, some
of whom, by the way, seem to be
taking life easy at present. In order to
get acquainted, he attended a Christmas tree entertainment and dance, and
visited various families, Including one
or two whoso dense intellects (if such
they can be termed) are the despair of
the local comrades.    In fact one of
the monopoly by the capitalist class of
he wealth taken from the workers, and
that in order to stop this robbery the
workers must capture the powers of
government, including the armed forces, so as to turn them Into an agent
of emancipation. That is unquestionably the Socialist position as it waa
expounded by Marx and Engels, the
founders of Scientific Socialism.
Those who profess to-day to be the
"International Socialist Movement"
would not dare to challenge this statement.
However, It is possible to affirm a
principle and act contrary to It, as
the pseudo-Socialist both nationally
and internationally prove.
The main demands in the resolution
which the German Social-Democratic
Party forced upon the Congress were,
compulsory arbitration upon International disputes, and Parliamentary
action for disarmament and the prevention of wars. Yet this same party
is responsible for the following pronouncement in the exposition of their
"Erfurter Program:"
'As states and monarchs become
ever more dependent upon the capitalist class, so the armies cease to serve
merely the personal ends of the monarchs and are utilized increasingly for
the purposes of the capitalist class.
Wars are less and less dynastic and
more and moreacommercial and national, which in the last Instance can only
be traced back to the economic conflicts between the capitalists of the
various nations. The capitalist state
therefore, Is not only in need of law
and police, but It requires also a strong
military force. Both armies are ever
on the increase In capitalist States, but
in recent times the military force
grows more rapidly than the army of
officials."
Wars being tho outcome of economic conflicts between the capitalists
of the various nations, it  Is illogical
In France, Belgium, Austria, Russia—ln every country but England—
the reform Internationalists follow
this example of anti-Socialist consistency. Only in England the parties
affiliated to the "International" clamour for "peace at any price" while
supporting budgets which provide
means of war, and agitating for a
citizen army without military discipline—which they expect the "guileless" capitalist to establish "in order
to enable the workers, when enlightened, to shoot their exploiters into
oblivion."
During the discussion on that subject at Copenhagen, Ladebour (German
S. D. P.) said when dealing with the
anti-war resolution and Keir Hardle'a
amendment recommending the General Strike to prevent war: "I deny the
right of moving such a resolution to
anyone who In his own country supports the Budget. I deny this right,
consequently, above all to our English
comrades, who by their support of the
Budget place In the hands of their
masters the weapons which later on
they can uSe for. purposes of war. How
can they take the liberty of proposing
the General Strike to the parties of
other countries who are far more
anti-militarist than they happen to be?
So long as they support the Budget
and supply the arms let them not
bring forward more extreme proposals
than ourselves."
Hardie, in reply to this attack, assured the Congress of the Labor
Party's hostility to war, nay more, to
militarism, and explained their support
of the Budget as a matter, not of principle, but of tactics "and practical
politics.
Now to nail this impudent lie to the
counter. In his last election address,
published in the Labour Leader for
H.2.10, Keir Hardie says: "The Budget, Old Age Pensions and the like,
all Bave their roots in Socialism; that
ts why the enemies of the people
spend so much time trying to misrepresent it." If the Budget has its
"roots in Socialism," surely to support
it must be a matter of principle, and
if these measures are part of Socialism, the Liberals are Socialists and
Hardie and the whole British Section
of so-called Socialists again proven
imposters. Further, the Liberals do
not differ at all from Hardie and his
party on the question of armaments.
The Daily Chronicle (12.11.10) says:
It is the mad race in armaments
which creates the atmosphere of hostility and maintains the tension." The
Liberal newspaper evidently takes up
the attitude of dealing with effects,
not causes, and the Labor Party are no
more logical or convincing.
There ls even more direct evidence
of traudulence In the attitude tbe
so-called English Socialist Section
adopted at Copenhagen regarding the
question of war and militarism. On
March 18, G. H. Roberts, M.P. (I.L.P. &
L.P.), speaking on behalf of the Labor
Party in the discussion on the Naval
Estimates in the Commons said:
"There seems to be an idea in the
minds of hon. gentlemen that tbe
Labor Party were strongly opposed to
an efficient Navy. He did not think
that anybody could point to any utterance that had been delivered from
the Labor Party members that could
ve color to deductions of that sort.
The Labor Party looked upon the Navy
as a form of national Insurance."
(Labour Leader, March 25, 1910),
How flatly this contradicts Hardle'a
election vow, the Party's declaration
of hostility to militarism, and the attitude of the hypocrites at the International Congress at Copenhagen!
And tho S. D. P. Is not a whit better
than the other branches of the section.
Mr. Jack Jones, their spokesman at the
Congress, -supported the amendment
in favor of the General Strike for preventing war, declaring that, his organization preach war against war,
and that there Ib no reason to suspect
the S. D. P. of pro-militarist proclivities.
But what are the facts? Hyndman
In his lecture on "Tariff Reform and
Imperialism" (Queen'B Hall, 18.4.10)
said: "I am ln favor of tho maintenance  of  a  powerful  navy  capable  of
and unscientific to attempt to abolish
war  while the economic  conflicts  re- defending this island and of protecting
SOME  ELECTION TACTIC8.
The following extracts are taken
from an English Conservative paper,
published in one of the northern counties, and circulating among a large
farming population. The article in
question took the form of a dialect
sketch, representing a conversation
was possessed of a vote. Bear in
mind this was published not in Irony,
but with a view to winning votes, and
judge ot the mental calibre ot men
who can be Influenced by such arguments.
Translated from the dialect, soma
ot the extracts are as follows:
"My old mother says to me, vote
for B .much ln the same way, as
saying, "Put the kettle on,"    I says,
Vote for B you say, perhaps you'll
tell me why?
"Tell  you   why,"  says  she.    "You
must vote for B  because  he Is
the best looking man In the county,
and the very likeness of your old dad,
now dead, and because he has a wife
whose face Is a deal nicer than any
speech. You must vote for him because he.has got two of his daughters
married ln one year which is more
than can be said for a good many
folk, so vote for B ."
The political ignorance of men who
can be rallied by stuff of the above
kind, is surely of about as low a type
as can be imagined. Yet those crea-
ures were also appealed to In the same
sheet, to vote the Conservative ticket
and defend their homes (?) religion
and the Empire against the attacka
of the Radical Socialists, whatever
they are.   It is to laugh.
Any man with ordinary perception
would be insulted by such appeals aa
the flrst, and led to question the sincerity of the second. Surely such
voters ought to be preserved after
death, in the British Museum, as political curiosities, that future generations might gaze thereon, and marvel
that their forebears were so easy, for
the average politician, Tbe writer
feels ashamed for his countrymen,
and yet dares to hope for better
things.
F.  8.  F.     »
• •   •
Predicting the date of the revolution is one thing, working for it la another.   Witness the followta*:, * *.,   ^
W. Gribble  .OT-.... .*.*■-■,•--.
H. Colllngwood, N. Battl»f^rd.%-,:',(^|T;'-'■'
"Smith," Vancouver  ....jfevK..... 4
3. Mclnnls, So. Ft. George, B. C.... 4
R. G. Landry, Winnipeg S
D. A. McLean, Calgary 3
C. M. O'Brien 8
G. O. Desmond  2
D. W. Gemmill, Soo, Ont 2
R. G. Grey, Victoria  2
Local Edmonton, Alta Bundle
A. Taylor, Toronto  2
Alex. Lyon, Coppercliff, Ont...Bundle
• •   *
Singles.
Geo. Howell, Calgary, Alta.; F. V.
Smith, Roecliffe, Sask.; James Grayson, Astoria, L. I„ New York; W. Wel-
don, Nettleham, Eng.; G. Velge, Fran-
cols Lake, B. C; A. C. Webb, City;
J. Jackson, Harrison Mills, B. C; 8.
Fodchuk, Edmonton, Alta.; Wm.
Stafford, South Wellington, B. C; J.
H. Burrough, Ladysmlth, B. C.
main. But these International reform,
ers, hungry for voles, are ready to
abandon the very principles they themselves set up for working-class guidance.
It is clear that the "anti-war campaign," as such, is, from tho working-
class standpoint, absurd. Just as the
class struggle cannot be abolished
save by abolishing classes, so it is
impossible for capitalist nations to get
rid of the grim spectre of war, for
capitalism presupposes economic conflicts which must finally be fought out
with the aid of the armed forces of the
State.
But In fairness to the German S.
D. P. lt must be admitted that they
show some consistency ln their anti-
Socialist attitude, for, desiring to force
the German Government to disarm,
they, as a party, adopt the policy of
opposing every Budget the Government brings ln. It was because the
Party representatives in Baden and
other minor States violated this policy
that disputes raged bo furiously between "revolutionists" and revisionists before and during the laat Party
Congress.
our food supply against any assailant
. . . " and H. Quelch, the author of
"The Armed Nation" (the title of
which sufficiently indicates its pro-
militarist contents (Justice, 10.9.10):
"The resolution on armaments is much
more satisfactory, and we have little
fault to flnd with the conclusions of
the conference on this subject	
We do agree with putting forward the
General Strike as a means of preventing war." So those who demand a
powerful navy and a citizen army
"capable of defending this island and
protecting our food supply," also want
to apply the General Strike, presumably to prevent them doing It! And
those who (rightly enough) opposed
the General Strike as a means to Socialism, on the ground that when the
workers are sufficiently organized for
a General Strike they are able to attain Socialism without it, clutch at it,
not as a means to end tho system
which makes war, but ns a preventative of hostilities!
The Socialist position Is ns follows:
In society to-day there are two classes
—the properlyless or working class
and an idle class who own and con
trol the means of producing and distributing wealth. The latter use this
ownership and control to force the
workers to work for them, and to submit to bring robbed of lhe greater
part, of the produce of their labor.
The master class, being but a tenth
of the iiopulatlon, can only keep possession of the means of production by
their control (through the political ma.
chlnery) of the armed forces. While
the master class have that control
it Is hopeless for the workers to
attempt to seize capitalist property.
It Is sheer madness, therefore, to expect that the capitalist class would,
because the workers demand it, cither
abolish the armed forces or hand
their control over to the working class.
That would be to abolish themselves
as a ruling class. Further, the interests of the capitalists of one country
clash with those of the capitalists of
other lands, especially In the matter
of obtaining markets, and so long as
capitalism lasts there will be this
clash of Interests, necessitating ever-
Increasing armaments and the inevitable appeal to arms. It ls then absurd
to waste time and energy in an endeavor to convince the capitalists that
wars are superfluous and a curse under
capitalism.
Let the workers learn their position
ln society and unite to obtain control
of the machinery of government, including the armed forces. Such action
will make It possible for them to take
possession of the means of production and use them for the benefit of
all. In that way alone will they be
able to usher In a system of society
wherein universal unity of Interests
wlll abolish all war, be it between
classes or nations.
11. J. N— in the Socialist Standard.
V 8* ■
*}*' ?,/7j 'v' •■ , t\ THE WESTERN CLARION. VANCOUVER. BRITISH CPLUMBIA
SATURDAY,  DECEMBER  31,   1910
SOCIALISM AND EVOLUTION.
(Continued from Page 1)
social rights; who constituted a
"growing element of discontent, dangerous to the security of society."
Thus we have seen the gentile organizations subverted by the growing
power of property until about the year
609 B. C, the old tribal coat fell from
the shoulders of society and underneath was the brand new garment of
the state—of political government.
Could it have been otherwise? Certainly no; ever since tbe introduction of slavery a constant exchange of
communal property into private hands
had been taking place until its power
became so great that it dominated the
minds of men. The idea of mine and
thine ln the means of production was
new, and something more than tribal
"good form" was needed to keep the
hands of the dispossessed off the newly
acquired private property of the possessors. That something was the state,
the power to coerce.
Thus is the socialist contention
shown to be correct once more that
the superstructure of a given society
ia determined by the basic facts of living, by the manner in which that society gains Its living. While the communal system held, the gentile organization appealed as its reflex, but as
soon as individualism in production
gained sufficient strength, gentilism
fell to pieces and was replaced by poll.
tlcal government; the natural reflex of
such conditions.
Tbe reader must not imagine, however, that the case stated above is an
isolated one, If he will take the trouble
to read Ancient Society and the Origin
of the Family he will find the rest of
humanity slowly toiling along upon
exactly the same lines as the great
tribes, to reach in most cases similar
results.
Now to examine as briefly as possible modern society. We have reached tbe end of the second great change
ln human Institutions, we are about to
witness the death agony of political
society. Chattel slavery—serfdom—
wage slavery, these are all manifestations of the political state under slightly different conditions and are in that
measure, minor conditions. They represent the gradual fading of our oft-
quoted coat; in chattel slavery days
ao spick and span; now in the senile
days of wage slavery, so old and tattered. What are the conditions of
modern society? In what manner is
onr food and shelter produced? There
answer to this question,
§of production today are
cial, no man or woman
ng class can create anything for exchange, Individualism in
production haa passed away. Today
commodities pass through a thousand
hands before tbey reach the market;
the nigger in Central Africa or South
America, the cattleman ln Australia or
Canada, the miner in any of the metal
mines anywhere are necessary to the
production of one pair of rubber-heeled
shoes, all these must be fed and
clothed by farmers, tailors, carpenters and a host of others; in,fact, as
we have said before, production is absolutely social, and yet the superstructure of society ls upon individual lines.
We have seen that the individual
method of production produced the
political state, and broke down gentilism, and now we flnd individual meth-
oda replaced by social methods. Will
Mr. Partridge's contention hold water?
We think not in the face of this evidence. Social methods of production
already with us in its most complete
form can produce no other reflex than
social methods of thought which must
give us social ownership and will cause
the downfall of the political state;
government will cease to be. We have
Been that ancient society came more
and more under the heel of property
and modern society is fast driven before the remorseless tyrant, the machine, lt has grown so complex, so
large that all society is required to
work it except the owners and the
unemployed. The monster has taken
possession of us, and just as the Gentiles strove to shackle property without avail, so we yell and curse at the
machine, we bring in anti-trust laws
to curb his power; we legislate against
him, he who is the moulder of our legislation. As well legislate against the
moon, 'tis he who sings the song of
unity and will at last hustle us into
Socialism.
Just as ln the days of Solon, the
Greeks felt the growing pressure of
ndividualism and tried again and
again to conform to that method of
living, so we today are feeling    the
strain of social production; our old
State is trembling to its fall, co-operation is the cry, the workers are growing conscious at last, great armies of
them are already organizing to change
the ownership of the means of production, others cry for referendum,
and recall, again, the growing tendency toward municipal and government ownership manifests the social
thought in a crude state. These ideas,
as Morgan says of the early efforts of
the Greeks, "fall to reach the substance of the question," except, of
course, the first stated change of
ownership, nevertheless they are the
straws which show how the wind
blows. We have had communal villages and socialist colonies which have,
of course, failed, for very good reasons,
just as the legislation of Theseus failed, because lt was too soon in the day.
We also have, as the Greeks had, that
growing army of disinherited and altogether outcast men and women, the
unemployed, who constitute "an element of discontent, dangerous to the
security of society." We cannot in
elude in this the whole of the working
class, for although disinherited and
outcast yet so long as they have work
they are still content to be robbed, that
is, a great many of them.
The human animal is slow lo learn
although today the law of social evolution is an open book to be studied
and obeyed, although knowledge is as
cheap as water, yet the Btubborn little
beast refuses in his pride of power to
obey the dictates of his environment;
of course he suffers, and serves him
right. Every now and then, there runs
through sections of society a spasm,
an effort to throw off the outworn
superstructure. Just as a snake struggles to cast its skin, so the modern
working class (for in this case they
are the chosen Instrument) strives to
break through the threadbare political
covering. Whenever these symptoms
of distress appear, the ruling class ls
very naturally alarmed and summon
all their forces to suppress them. A
funny little fellow called a Prime Minister frowns upon hearing the news
and calls together another bunch of
jokes called a cabinet. These are wise
men of their class and have not
knowledge of social evolution enough
amongst them to work a coffee stall.
They know not that they are themselves its victims; they imagine that
because they are the government elected by certain interests, it is for them
to stay or retard economic conditions,
or to encourage them, as best suits
their fancy. And so they will be brutal
if necessary, indeed, so ignorant and
brutal are they that there Is nothing
but a manicure set and a silk hat between them and the savage. In the interests of "order" they will call out
their hired and gaudily dressed butchers (themselves slaves) and murder
the workers wholesale, "We wlll put a
stop to this," they cry.
Too late! Too late! If you could
have stopped the development of social production, the game would have
been yours; as it is, the superstructure must conform to the base—the
laugh is for us. Struggle on, strain to
impede the march of events, if you
like. Social evolution glides majestically on its way—it brushes you aside,
ignores your petty law-making and debating; you are as clay within the
grasp of the potter; environment dictates to you, disobey it at your peril.
And you workers—yours is the next
act, to you is given the task of rending the tattered, stinking, mouldy garment of political society, come tear it
off and let us stand forth ln the light
of day in the splendid attire of Socialism.
■ A. BUDDEN.
OS YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Mark*
Debigns
Copyrights 4c.
Anyone tending , pketcli mid description may
nntoklr aanertjiln our omnium free whether so
linoiill.m In probably p.uonl-ililn. Coninitlnlrn-
uonsitrlflLlycniillrieti'liil. HANDBOOK onPateuu
•ont free. Oldest aaoncy fofaeoniuiltMUllUL
Patent* taken ifiroimli Munn A Co. receive
special notice, without ohnrie. In the
Scientific American.
A hamtoomelT Ulmtimtea weekly. Urent otr-
ralatlon ot any Kiientltlc Journal. „Tenm for
Canada, $s.lt a yeu, pottage prepaid. Sold by
an newedealen.
m
^Qg-teiBiMHtaar
plenty of pure, wholesome food.
Second, don't work too hard or too
long; three or four hours work a day
is quite sufficient. Third, take plenty
of exercise out in the pure sunshine.
Fourth, sleep ln a well-ventilated room,
etc. It can thus be readily seen that
tuberculosis ls caused by lack of proper nourishment, combined with working too hard and too long, and lack
of sufficient fresh air. The wonderful
cures that take place in sanitariums
that treat this disease bear out the
above.
That sections of the working claBs
are not properly nourished ought to
be patent enough to any casual observer. In the U. S., etc., there are
millions of people slowly starving to
death. The number of school children
who go to school without breakfast
runs into the millions. The food that
the majority of the working class have
to exist on is adulterated. The lack
of proper nourishment leaves the system in a weakened condition. The
pace at which the worker has to travel and the number of hours he has
to work, saps his vitality and leaves
him in an exhausted state with no
energy left. He is then in a flt state
to succumb to disease.
When we come to examine the
places where the workers are employed we flnd that hygienic conditions do not prevail. Take the moulders for example; they are not quoted
in the above, but if my memory is
correct, 43 per cent, of them die of
tuberculosis or throat disease.
Most foundries are very badly ventilated; in fact most of them have no
ventilating apparatus at all. The
foundries are half the time full of dust fought back; they were performing the
bind him, judging by the manner In
which he hugs and fondles them. At
no period of human history, until the
present, has the power of the state
been used to keep the slaves from getting into captivity. Just how long the
slavery will last will all depend on
the slaves themselves; when they want
it abolished they will abolish it.
e    e    *
Last Saturday night was one of the
rare occasions that our masters set
aside for us. On these occasions we
can, in a small way, rejoice aud thus
forget about the main issue, the bread
and butter question, and that Ib just
what our masters want. At these
times our masters are not quite so
harsh in their treatment of us- provided we keep within certain narrow
limits.
Most of the crowd that paraded the
streets had been imbibing of the nectar
of the gods. They were good-natured,
full of fun and were having the best
time it was possible for them to have.
A couple of members of the slave
class evidently got their drinks mixed
and had got some third rail in their
inside. They overstepped the bounds
of propriety and thought that they had
some say in the running of the city of
Vancouver. The guardians of the capitalistic class property Immediately
took a hand ln the game and arrested
them, so that they would not be able
to damage any of their masters' property. Immediately the mood of the
crowd changed, and they became an
angry mob, charging the police in an
endeavor to rescue their companions.
The police, being men, were not going
to stand being knocked about and they
OBSERVATIONS.
A mortality statement just issued
by the United States census bureau
shows that over half the deaths of
printers, lithographers atid pressmen
are due to tuberculosis of the lungs.
The percentage of deaths due to the
white plague in the age period from
25 to 34 years, in various pursuits, follows: Printers, lithographers and
pressmen, 51.5 per cent; agriculturists,
26.2; servants, 32.3; transportation employees, 31.9; manufacturing and mechanical employees, 30.8; plumbers,
43.2; clergymen, 41; barbers, 40.6;
tailors, 37.7; bartenders, 37; shoemakers, 35.5; salesmen, 32.5; laborers,
30.8; blacksmiths, 29.6. As the best
authorities on the tuberculosis problem declare that the white plague is
a poor man's disease and can he minimized and stamped out completely, lt
is up to the workers In the foregoing
occupations to assert .themselves.—
News item.
Surely a greater indictment against
the capitalist system of production has
never been published. When we realize the fact that these figures were
not compiled by the working class
but by the capitalists themselves, we
can rest assured that they are in no
way exaggerated. Let. it be noted
that these figures deal exclusively
with the working clasB. There are no
statistlcB compiled embracing the capitalist class, for tuberculosis Is exclusively a working class disease.
Authorities on the subject under
discussion claim that tuberculosis can
be stamped out ln 20 years if the following rules are lived up to: flrst, eat
and the moulder is most of the time
breathing into his lungs a mineral
dust called plumbago. When the cast
is on, the foundries are full of hot
gas fumes and smoke, which the
moulders breathe, scorching both
throat and lungs.
The pure air the worker is able to
get in his "home" is conspicuous by
its absence. The houses, or rather
shacks, are not as a rule built with any
thought to proper ventilation. The
rooming houses where the single worker hangs out "te no hetter than the
shacks where the married man dwells
New York City alone boasts of 60,000
dark rooms, that is, inside rooms
where no ray of sunshine ever enters
and the air comes in through a small
window opening on to the stairs, and
all the bad air leaves by the Bame
route. All other cities have their
quota of these rooms.
All these things: lack of proper
nourishment, working too hard and too
long, working in unsanitary places and
living in .unsanitary houses, leave the
worker In a flt state for bacteria to
get In its deadly work. The same
applies just as much to other diseases
as It does to tuberculosis.
In the latter part of the article the
writer must mean that the workers
must assert themselves through their
trades unions, seeing that lt was in the
union column of a capitalist paper.
How the workers can check tuberculosis through union activity I can't see.
On the industrial field the workers
have made valiant fights to improve
their conditions, yet, we flnd lhat the
condition of the workers is getting
worse, wages are falling fast and tuberculosis is increasing at an alarming
rate. The only way the workers can
assert themselves and stamp out tuberculosis or anything else Is by political
action, via the Socialist Party. Tuberculosis, like most other diseases, Is a
result of class ownership of the means
of life and nothing short of the complete abolition of class property will
stamp out this grim disease.
•    *    e
While wending my way along the
city streets the other day, I noticed a
rather unusual commotion in front of
an offlce with police in charge, An
inquiry brought forth the answer that
hands (not men) were being engaged
to go to work at some place outside
the city. The rush of the slaves in
their anxiety to get into captivity was
so great that the services of the police
were necessary to keep them in order,
lest, in their eagerness, they should
damage some of their master's property.
In the South, at the time of chattel
slavery, the slaves embraced every opportunity that presented itself to affect
their escape from the bonds of slavery.
Their masters hunted them down with
bloodhounds and brought them back.
They also had an organized band of
human bloodhounds to help out the
lower animal. The slaves were kept
ln captivity by force and force was
used to bring any back that happened
to make a dash for liberty. Today the
slave has reversed the order of things
and he eagerly hunts his master; he
must be very fond of the chains that
duty they are paid to do. It looked
for a time tbat the police would get
the worst of it, but, reinforcements
arriving, they were able to hold their
own, and succeeded ln landing their
prisoners in the cells.
Some of the slaves at this time heard
the echo of their last vote as the club
descended on their heads. For a time
it looked very much as if the mob of
several thousand angry slaves would
pull the police station to pieces, but
the respect of the bluecoat which has
been well drilled into the slaves, finally
told and they fell back. It was a
sullen, mob that drifted back to the
storm center on Carrall street, between Hastings and Cordova, The
police had their bands full for the next
hour keeping the mob on the move, and
many a slave got manhandled and arrested. It was a case of getting a
move on when ordered to do so, failing
to instantly obey meant at least a good
shove which might land the slave ln
the gutter, or might not, it all depended on how good he was at keeping his
footing.
The Blavcs of Vancouver certainly
got it well demonstrated to them that
the police are not for their benefit.
How many of them profit by tbe lesBon
time alone will tell. Tbe slaves had
voted for It and they got it good and
plenty. When they have enough intelligence to vote for themselves, these
riots will be a thing of the past.
J. C. BURGESS.
WINNIPEG COALITION.
Recently, in Winnipeg, we have had
that yearly farce known as Municipal
Elections.
ThiB year things have been particularly interesting as we have had that
old party of confusion, the "Labor
Party," in the field. Also the newly
formed "Social Democratic Party."
In regard to the latter, the election
has been of particular interest, as it
was the first chance they had of showing their position to the working class.
They started right off the reel by
repudiating Liebknecht's "No compromise, no political trading," and
made an alliance with the "Labor
Party." The "Labor Party" made un
alliance at last election with the Liberal Party, and ran a candidate who
had membership In the Liberal Club.
The Liberal Party is made up of millionaire capitalists and their followers;
for example, McKerchar, who stood
down In favor of the "Labor Candidate," and, in conjunction with the
Conservative Party, represents the exploiters of the working class. So
where ln hell does the "Social Democratic Party" stand? Did anything
fall?   Has anyonei seen Kelly?
As the majority of "Social Democrats" are persons of European birth,
and in consequence consider us, who
can express ourselves ln no language
but English, ignorant of all pertaining
to Socialism, we would expect them to
hew closely to the line as laid down
by Marx, Engels, Devllle and the International Socialist congress.
Marx, Engels and Devllle all said
that the flrst thing for the proletariat
to do Is to "capture political power."
Propaganda Meeting
Empress Theatre
Sunday, Jan. 1
GOOD   SPEAKERS
J
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Lauor produces all wealth, and to the producers it should belong.
^ The present economic system is based upon capitalist Ownership of the
' means of production, consequently ail the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class.   The capitalist is therefore master; the worker a
slave.
So long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of the reins of
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights In the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist Bystem gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
syBtem, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property In the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the meaas of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in offlce shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests
of the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist Party ia for It; If it will not, tbe
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledgea itaelt
to conduct all the public affairs placed in Its hands In such a manner
_as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
And what was the Dresden resolution
carried at the Amsterdam congress In
1904? It was as follows: "The con-
gresB repudiates to the fullest extent
possible the efforts of the Revisionists,
which have for their object the modification of our tried and victorious policy based on the class war, and the
substitution, for the conquest of political power by an unceasing attack on
the bourgeoise, of a policy of concession to the established order of society."
The consequence of such revisional
tactics would be to turn a party striving for the most speedy transformation possible, of bourgeoise society
into a Socialist Society—a party there,
fore revolutionary In the best sense
of the word—into a party satisfied
with the reform of bourgeois society.
Have our "Social Democratic"
friends followed the tactics of Marx
and International Socialism? Not a
bit; they butted into municipal poll-
tics, and supported—whom? They
supported for mayor E. D. Martin,
head of the Martin, Bole and Wynne
Co., the drug trust. This man Martin
was the nominee of the Social and
Moral Reform outfit. The churches,
the reverends nnd the "Social Democrats" went batty on segregation and
social vice. Men, supposed to have
made the Socialist analysis of capitalism, were running around speaking
to church congregations and supporting Martin's candidature to suppress
social vices; chasing the effect and
leaving the cause.
And Martin, what of him? The
Winnipeg Telegram of Saturday the
10th contained a letter from a prominent trade union official that Martin
paid girls in his employ tbe princely
wages of $4 per week!!! Paying girls
M per week ln Winnipeg, where board
cannot be got for less than $5 per
week, and at the same time standing
as a church candidate for the suppression of social vice!!! Jonah
swallowing the whale, or vice versa,
Is as easy as rolling off a log compared
to a stunt like that.
Whether Martin pays $4 a week
wages to girls I know not, but as an
employer I'll gamble he pays no more
for labor power than he is compelled.
In answer to the Telegram's statement, he did not state what he paid,
but replied in the following worda:
"The best answer to such a lie Is tha
fact that the intelligent leaders-at tt*
Labor Party, and the Social Daao-
cratic Party, who know all about me,
are giving me their hearty support.
Only yesterday MeBsrs. Puttee, Bartlett and Turnock delivered addresses
ln support of my candidature!!"
And the result of all the compromising, vote-catching and hanging to the
coat talis of preachers and other reform twaddlers was what? hopelessly
snowed under, polling but a fraction
of the votes cast. A Socialist Party
should not worry about polling a fraction of the votes cast, provided they
are Socialist votes, which is exactly
what these were not. Much energy
and time has been lost and the working class are more hopelessly muddled
than ever.
Workers of Winnipeg, you have been
playing with effects long enough; it's
time you got down to the cause. Have
done with the cant and hypocrisy ot
reform parties. Work for and join the
revolutionary Socialist Party; the Socialist Party of Canada that has tor
ItB object the conquest of political
power by the workers. Comrades in
toil, we have the numbers—we have
but to say the word, mark the ballot
and take it all. Wby waste any mora
time?
IDLER.
Bring your dull razors to
SMITH'S BARBER
SHOP
Claiendon Pool Room, opposite
car bsrai
Weilmimler Avenue
Vancouver, B.C.
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
qif you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to onr office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give yon an estimate of cost of
installing the gac pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.
-^■M

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