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Western Clarion Jul 2, 1910

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Array im i
melt
586.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, July 2, 1910.
LABOR AND CAPITAL
he Absurdity yet 'Persistence of the 'Belief in their Identity
of Interests.
5o often  has  this    question    been
eshed out by those not desiring to
idwink the workers, and shown to
a fallacy, that it would seem utterly
'ond comprehension to bear some of
wage   workers   still   propound   It
!'e we not to take Into consideration
Ir capitalist training.
'he   worker's   position    would    be
atly improved were they to cease
ng so much of their physical energy
the benefit of the job owners, and
tead, devote a little of their time In
'eloping their own brains;   to put
'n a plain way, cease to be men-
iy lazy.   They would then see the
ly of delegating their thinking to the
Jitalist class by means of their army
subsidized   "intellectuals,"   hench-
i, etc., who use them for Ihe ad-
ncement of their own material inter-
s, leaving the workers in the same
pendent position of creating untold
alth and receiving back enough to
lep them at the same old game.   Is
jnot easy to be seen that by giving
|ur  brains  to  the  class that  buys
!u lt necessarily  follows  that  they
II  be impregnated  with  Ideas  suit-
le to the buying class, and that there-
•e the workers only hope lies in discarding  all   capitalist  training   and
aught  and   thinking  Independently
• themselves?
When we workers take time and con-
ler to ourselves what an absurdity
presented to our minds when we try
d make out that the Interests of
> owners and job seekers are idea
al. Have we not descended to that
ige of utter incapability of reasoning
ten we make the remark that slaves
d masters are one?
|Let us take a look around and And
r bearings. What is confronting us
[the make-up of society today?
|Ve see on the one side a class which
rns all the means of production and
tribution, and controls all the forces
jessary to defend that ownership,
d on the other side we see a class
0 own nothing but their power to
ior and are therefore forced to sell
imselves to the first named class and
. from them the opportunity to work,
as to provide themselves with the
-essitles of life.
lo we can gather from this that one
ss in present day society own and
trol the other class, making it im-
isible for there to be any Identity
interests between the owners and
i owned, in view of the fact that
i owners' interests would be better
iserved by the continuation of the
Bent form of wage slave ownership,
1 the interests of those who are
aed would be to break loose from
,t ownership.
tpparently it is not only those out-
e labor organizations that are hood-
lked by this identity of interests
lacy, but it can also be found inside
i organizations. The writer once
, acquainted with a few trade unlon-
i who were running around under
i delusion that their interests were
same as of those who employed
im. Now, the very nature of their
Btract with the buyers of labor pow-
I would bave convinced tbem they
e on the wrong track had they giv-
the idea a little of their own scrut-
, but this is where the union leader
ers and acts like a pacifying agent
[telling the unionists that the buyers
Id sellers' interests are one, therefore
ey should unite, which gull is im-
ied ot freely by the unionists until
y really believe It.
lut to come back to the point I
ight say that the writer not being
a very argumentative nature and de-
rg to show these unionists the er-
of their ways forthwith marched
bm to the hall wherein they held
sir meetings and the first thing
tt we saw was the charters of the
terent unions hanging on the walls,
oh and every one bearing evidence
tt these unionists never realized
r what purpose they were organized,
II showing the Identity of Interests
fea to be just a myth by the very
st that they were organized for the
rpose of getting a little more for
sir labor power, from a class who
• unwilling to give lt without a fight.
Despite this,-. one of them came forward with the remark that he knew
of some capitalists who were members
of trade unions. This I agreed, to but
added that, they were there for a
purpose, namely to bring destruction
within the organization Apparently
there is need for lots of educational
work within our unions. As a pointer,
I would suggest we all try political
action for a change. What's the use
of you fellows going on strike, getting
clubbed back into submission and then
voting for the conditions which force
you out on strike again. Get wise
and take away the power that they
beat you with, namely: the State, and
your commodity selling troubles will
be over.
To sum up, we will see what is
needed to give any strength to the
identity of interests dream. We will
start right in tomorrow morning and
defy that seven o'clock whistle by
continuing with our slumbers. That
will be one point gained. The next
Item will be for us wage slaves to
take a trip to Europe any time we
like, and the last but not the least will
be for us to join the Canadian Manufacturers' Association. Surely if our
interests are Identical we had better
start right ln on the good things and
show that It's practical as well as
imaginary.
How about It, fellow slaves?
"THE BAKER.'
GOOD PEOPLE.
METAPHYSICS   AND   CLASS  CONS-
CIOUSNESS.
Tbe aim of the Socialist agitator is
the bringing about in the minds of
those of the working class he may
meet of a mental revolution.
Any and all things which retard the
growth towards or attainment of
the highest degree of class consciousness by the workers are undoubtedly
things to be attacked by the Socialist.
For this reason the writer feels it up
to him on all possible occasions, to
hand it out to the metaphysician and
the peddlar of ruling class philosophy.
The aim of the ruling class is the
extraction of the maximum amount of
surplus value from the proletariat.
This necessitates the bringing of the
amount of necessary value (wages)
down to the lowest cost of subsistence. (Cost of subsistence not being
a fixed quantity, the world over, there
is a lowest cost of subsistence.) Any
and everything which tends to make
the proletariat more contented, satis-
fled, less rebellious or revolutionary,
is therefore a thing to be eagerly welcomed and cultivated by the ruling
class.
The function of the metaphysician
and the peddlar of ruling class philosophy—the phllospohy of resignation
and contentment—is the keeping of
the proletariat submissive in this life
by the promise of a reward hereafter.
The man or woman who honestly believes ln this reward thereafter naturally enough regardB the period of
time passed on this mundane sphere
as a mere probationary period for the
cultivation of the virtues necessary to
obtain an eternal reward. The said
virtues being meekness, submission,
humility, humbleness, etc., the workers who cultivate them fall an easy
victim to the ruling class and make
the most unresisting, subservient and
profitable slaves.
It is for this reaosn that the present ruling class have subsidized the
church and the teacher of the philosophy of submission. In the case of
the snake which preys on other animals, etc., we are told that the reptile "slimes over" its victims to make
them easier swallowing. In modern
society the ruling class live by the
absorbing of the labor power of the
toilers—which meanB to all intents
and purposes the eating of the toilers themselves. Any and everything
which make us easier eating is to the
interest of our masters. The function
of the metaphysician Is to smear the
proletariat with the slime of superstition ao that we may fall easier victims to the exploiters.    DESMOND,
One of the various reasons advanced
at election time, why you should vote
for the Liberal or Conservative candidate, is the old one—he Is a good
man.
Let us analyse this good man theory.
Supposing a good man is elected on the
Conservative ticket, what principles
will he support? He will "support
the Conservative Party, and the
principles of that party are the
continued exploitation of the workers, the continuation of a system
that makes widows of thousands of
women, and orphans of thousands of
children. Supposing a good man is
elected on a Liberal ticket it means
exactly the same thing. In short, both
Liberal and Conservative candidates
stand for Capitalism and all that it
means.
What does Capitalism mean to us
the workers of this country? It means
that our lives are to be used up In the
production of profit, that our bodies
are to be coined Into money for the
benefit of the     class of shirkers.
At present we have production for
profit and not for use. It is a mistaken
notion that some people have, that the
C. P. R. runs Its trains for the purpose of transporting passengers. That
a mineowner works his mine for the
purpose of supplying needy people
with coal. No, they run their trains
for profit, and they dig coal for the
same thing. Perhaps you may say that
there Is no earthly reason why they
should not run their mines for profit.
There is none, but consider this, when
your life stands in the way of your
masters profit, your life goes. Which
Is ot the most importance to you, your
life, or your Blaster's profit. I will
give you concrete instances where the
master class have sacrificed the workers' lives for profit.
You remember about last September
the fire at the Cherry mine, Illinois.
About 350 men were burned in that
mine. That mine had one exit, that
mine had no life saving apparatus.
Why? Because it costs money for such
things and the expenditure of money
means a reduction of profit. This
mine was on fire, the men were in it.
Did they try to get them out? No!
they bricked the mine up!! Why? To
save the coal, because coal costs money and men can easily be got. A month
afterward when the mine was opened
they found diaries of men that had
lived for 14 days in that mine and who
might have been saved if it was not for
the God Profit.
The same thing happened at the
Whitehaven mine In England on May
12th of this year. 137 men were bricked up and suffocated to death in the interests of profit.
This is what Conservative and Liberal Good Fellows stand for. The murder of men, the widowing of women
and the making orphans of children.
This is Capitalism and both Conservative and Liberal stand for it, and if
you vote for them you may be the next
on the list to be murdered for profit.
The only real  good candidates  are
those that stand for the abolition of
Cupitalism, and those candidates are
the nominees of the Socialist Party.
ED.   FULCHER.
HE GIVES TWICE WHO GIVES
QUICKLY.
Editor Clarion.—In less than two
weeks from the publication of this article the Manitoba elections will be
over, shouting included.
If the comrades from other provinces
intend to help us, they must do It now.
Time is short and we need the money.
Do not let it be said that we failed for
need of money.
We have that old yellow dog Labor
Party to fight and with your help
we will kill it for good.
Make it possible for us to have some
of the "big guns'' down here. Now
Ib the time for the heavy artillery.
If you do your duty, comrades, we
will reach many with our propaganda
this election and consequently
strengthen our -movement and hasten
the day.
Don't forget, in helping us you are
but helping yourselves.   Do it now.
PERICLES.
A WORD IN SEASON
Unfortunately I have not got a vote
myself; I am not an Asiatic, and I
don't consider myself an imbecile, but
I am—a woman, therefore I am not
supposed to be intelligent enough to
handle so formidable a weapon as a
vote. But if I had a vote I would not
cast it for my masters; for the parasites that rule the class to which I
belong, as do the majority of the working class every time the elections
come on.
The elections, as they now are, are
just so much tomfoolery. It ls merely
a scrap betwen two parties of the master class to decide which is to get possession of you. Do you think It matters to you whether you are ruled, and
incidentally robbed, by a Conservative
or a Liberal Government? Do you ever
get a better living under the one tban
the other? You do not! Because both
parties stand for the same aim, namely
the continuation of the present Capitalist system, which means the exploitation of tbe working class, and the robbery of all which that class produces
over and above the cost of subsistence.
There Is one organization only which
truly represents the working class—
the Socialist Party. Workers who are
class conscious, and organized to obtain possession of the reins of Gov-
renment. Why not vote for yourselves
instead of your masters. Surely the
workers, who produce all the wealth
of the world, have brains enough to
order how that wealth shall be disposed of. The Socialist Party are not
out to ask for votes; but if you are
tired of being a tool in the hands of the
Capitalist, it will be to your own interest to vote tbe Socialist ticket.
We must do away with the old system before we can build a new one,
therefore our candidates may not make
so many promises to you, as will the
representatives of the old parties.
Certain wiseacres tell us tbat the
present system can not be overthrown;
that there wlll always be masters and
servants or slaves.' But that ls not so.
There waa not always a ruling class,
and it is up to you working men to
say whether there always will be one.
Vote for your own interests, your own
emancipation.
Never mind the business which concerns only your masters. Never mind
whether the candidate promises to reduce national expenditure, or build a
navy, or is an advocate of Free Trade.
Do not even vex your soul over the
boundary line of Manitoba. Stick to
your own interests, and when the representatives of the Capitalist Government pat you on the back and ask
for your vote, let them know that they
can fool you no more.
MEG MERRILEE*".
SOME   LIBERAL   AND   CONSERVA
TIVE   COMMANDMENTS.
1, Thou shalt have no other political parties before us.
2. Thou shalt not think before thou
vote, or, in strictly up-to-date English,
we'll try and prevent you doing any
thinking by filling your heads with
political lies, and your stomachs full
obfad beer and sandlwches.
3. Thou shalt not question our right
to fool, rule, and rob you, for above
all things, it is the duty of a slave
to be meek and obedient before his
masters.
4. Thou shalt not covet political
power, for that is the key to the good
things of the earth and we alone are
deserving of them—even though we do
not produce them.
5. Thou shalt not vote the Socialist
Ticket, because the Socialist Party
want the means of wealth production
to be owned by Society as a whole.
As this means that we would have to
get out and work for a living—don't
vote that way, John, for Heaven's sake.
6. Thou shalt cheer every Liberal or
Conservative victory to the echo, and
when the din is over and the dust
cleared away thou shalt go back to
work like a good slave and grind out
more surplus value for the masters
you voted into power.
W. S. CUMMING.
II in I in " *H.i   I     i    '
HKW"
VARIORUM
Remarks, Pertinent and Impertinent, on
Things in General
Oh! Halley's, where art thou? We
hope there wlll be no wage slaves to
scan the ethereal blue on your next
schedule run this way, in fond hopes
of telling the tale of your tall to the
gaping audience.
For Marxian meddlers, which was
first,  the  "sale"  or  the  "purchase"?
(No eggs—good, bad, or indifferent
to  enter  this  controversy.)
A sarcastic friend, with a grim, unholy smile hovering around the business portion of his "counting house,"
button-holed this poor unfortunate the
other day, and propounded the following: "Who pays the taxes?" Why,
that's easy. It's like getting money
from home. The Christians solved
that "years, and years, and donkey's
years" ago. Jesus pays it all. Simplicity personified.
If Socialism is going to destroy the
home, I wish she would hurry up. I've
a peacheiino here that sadly needs
destroying; and the sooner the
quicker. A mountain top in ye much-
vaunted "White B. C.," covered all over
with ye muchly-artistic and necessary
accompaniment of B. C. scenery; to
wit, one rock, large. One switch-back
mountain trail, latest McBride pattern,
at so much per foot, leading thereto.
Same mountain. One log-hut thereon,
of six-stride dimension. Barring wh>
dows and doors, a double row of double
bunks decorating the walls. Thirty
men comfortably or otherwise, es-
conced therein. A stove, blazing merrily in the midst of a motley collection
of overalls, shirts, and sweet-scented
socks. Any remaining space occupied
by dirt—not forgetting the cat. "Home
sweet Home; be it ever so hu-umble."
Bring on your desruction engine, Oh
Socialism!
I had a dream, a sad, sweet dream,
the other night. Time: any old.
Place: large city. I was standing with
hesitant, reluctant teet on the pavement, anxiously seeking a crossing
midst the passing throng of vehicles.
At last, an opportunity. I made a dash,
and just reached the center, when suddenly there appeared an automobile to
right; one to left; one in front; and
one behind, tooting and thundering.
The grim old spectre seemed imminent.
I looked up, with a vague idea of seeking refuge in the ethereal blue. An
aeroplane was descending but a few
feet from my Intelligence-tank. In
haste I scanned the ground. Saved,
by Jupiter! a trap-door in sight. I
tore up the lid, and plunged headlong
down; just in time to be run over by
a passing suburban engine. Thus does
capitalism concentrate on the poor proletarian.
Though the "cloth" and the "trade"
may appear to be continually at one
another's throat, yet, strange to say,
they are In much the same business.
The former peddles the hypothetical
water of everlasting life"; while the
latter peddles the alcoholic "eau-de-
vie." Competition ls the life of trade.
Let the fight go on! The smile will
be on the face of the "tiger."
The mode of production determines
the character of the social, political
and intellectual life. This ls "Economic Determinism."
Huxley says, "The ghost-theory is
the foundation of the whole theological
system of Israel." Do you believe In
ghosts, my civilized friend?
Proletarian Anarchism is a very dying issue. The only genuine anarchists
of today are the capitalists. They also are a dying Issue. By their "civllz-
ing" influences, and modern methods,
they are fast placing the noose around
their own necks. Aa the German proverb bas lt; "Caught together, hung
together."
What's wrong with you selfish folks,
who are always out with the "bigmit"
for everything that's coming to you?
Socialism offers you the full product
of your toll. What more can you wish?
Get next to yourself; be consistent;
study it, and draw the attention of
your fellow workers to lt.
Don't harp on the one string melody
of "evolution," and  remove  the  sym
phony   of  "convolution";
climax of "revolution."
Capitalism is one grand society
connoisseurs in murder, slow but sur
And you proletarians are always tt
victims, Huxley says, "four-fifths
the human race die of slow starvation!
Are you going to accept adulterate
food and pig-pens much! longer?
Priests and mlnistersTlive upon ujav;'
narcotizing of human I11J. Capitalism )»»■-;
the cause of the vast majority of these'
ills today, directly and indirectly. How
do you like the chloroforming "prBcessT
A revolutionary Socialist is always a
socialist. A reformer is in direct line
with an "informer." He is liable to
turn traitor any time, if the "inducements" offered are sufficient. Moral:
Be a revolutionary.
The iron jaws of privilege will never
relax until they are broken.
"Classical" economy deals with real
relations: "vulgar" economy with appearances only.
Don't let the "vulgar" appearance of
the "State" mislead you.
But, as  Nietzsche puts it, "These
things are not said for long years."
GOUROCK.
•*!**.wi:.;
,'.
53«
CONSERVATIVE AND LIBERAL HOT
AIR   POR  WAGE-SLAVE8.
The Conservative party are using the
boundary question as an issue before
the electors of Manitoba. Now, as a
wage worker, how can the extension
of the boundaries of Manitoba affect,
your material Interest, wben you, as a.
wage worker, merely receive on the.
average your cost of subsistence, called wages? The extension of the boundaries of this province certainly adds
material value to the interests of your
local masters, but It Is no concern of
yours. They can advertise the fact
that there are so many more million
acres of wheat-growing land in Manitoba (It matters not whether it is
swamp land or covered with ice). As
this is one of the wheat producing centres of the world and well advertised,
it stands to reason that this wlll Induce more farmer-slaves to locate here.
Valuable timber limits He just outside
of Manitoba, and our local grafters
wish to have the disposal of this standing timber within their own hands.
The more surplus value (robbed of
the wage-workers) which passes
through their own hands strengthens
their position upon the political field.
Tnat is, they require money to keep
buying your votes, giving you beer
and sandwiches, and also give the particular capitalists who financed to their
campaign valuable privileges to the exclusion of the other members of that
class.
This boundary issue concerns you
not, it will not give you any more food,
any better clothing, any better houses,
or better your condition In any way
whatsoever.
The Liberals are going to have a decreased expenditure ln administering
the affairs of the province. Will this
help you any, since you as a class pay
no taxes? Your masters instead of giving you food, clothing and shelter directly, hand you back part of the product you create, In the form of wages.
Paper-dollars or gold and silver are of
no use to you. What you want Is the
necessaries of life, and when you have
exchanged your wages for these commodities, then and then only, do you
realize that you have only received
enough "oats" to support you and your
family and to reproduce your species.
You wage-workers have been fooled
in the past with this sort of dope,
crammed down your throats (usually
accompanied by bad beer and rotten
sinkers), and bow much longer ara
you going to stand for this hot air at
election time. Study your position in
human society, and ask yourselves:
"How is this proposition going to benefit me?"
The S. P. of C. does not want a single vote without the man behind It
If you are dissatisfied with being fooled, ruled and robbed, to to the ballot
box and register a kick against tho
wage system. 3. B.
■■"ir T"W> T
THE WESTEWJXWWrV^MK:^^
SATURDAY, JULY arid,  1910.
•-'•
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SATURDAY,  JULY   2nd,   1910.
ELECTIONS.
Elections are all so very much on
the same pattern that one may safely
live in Vancouver and write of an
election in Manitoba, provided one is
a Socialist. What applies in one place
applies in another. The "local Issues"
are a negligible quantity except that
they illustrate the complete lack of
any difference between Liberalism
. and Conservatism, in that Liberals in
one province may advocate just what
•Conservatives elsewhere advocate, and
vice versa.
The real point at issue among these
parties is simply "how can we best
get elected?"   Nothing else matters.
These two parties, or rather, party
•names, at one time did actually represent rival "principles," and, consequent upon humanity's happy knack of
thinking with the brainB of a previous
generation they are still supposed to
represent those principles, whatever
they were, which, curiously enough,
probably no prominent member of
either party can tell.
The reason why they represented rival principles was that they represented rival interests. As time passed one
of these rival Interests exterminated or
assimilated the other, and so, the rivalry ceasing, the rival principles disappeared. The party names, however,
remained, ami the parties attached
thereto became the political tools of
•rivals among the victorious Interests,
that is, of rival corporations.
But even this is becoming a thing
of the past. Just as previously the rival interests had exterminated one another so the rival corporations are doing, In fact may be said to have done,
•to all practical'.purposes. With the
■concentration of the control of Industry into fewer and fewer hands, rivalry among corporations is practically
eliminated, so much so that there is
little left outside the control of one
dominant group iu any particular
sphere.
ThiB state of affairs leaves room for
•but one of the old political parties, that
which serves the dominant financial
group. There is nothing and no one
of any account for.the other to serve
and, therefore, no ene to furnish it
the sinews of war.
Hence the peculiar and ludicrous political situation of the day in America,
where, everywhere we find one political party ln power and apparently
impregnably entrenched in power, and
the other hopelessly discredited, and in
some cases, as the Conservative Party
in Alberta and tho Liberal Party in
B. C, almost completely wiped out.
They have no great corporation to "represent" and It is altogether unlikely
that they ever will.
A state of affairs distinctly to our
advantage. For, with the extermination ot the weaker of the capitalist
parties and the oonsoquent cessation
of the mock battle between the two,
the field will be cleared for the real
battle. The resumption of battle between rival "principles," the principles
of Socialism and "Individualism," ln
other words between the Interests of
the working class and of the capitalist
class.
"A CINCH   FOR THE  GREAT  NORTHERN."
That is what Its opponents say of
the False Creek scheme which has
been debated among the citizens of
Vancouver with a heat that promised
to make up for the coolness of the
summer. Not being a citizen of this
or any other burg, we could look on
With considerable enjoyment aud without  any  particular  prejudice.
The scheme waa to donate to tbe
O. N. R. for terminal purposes a doubtfully useful and by no means ornamental stretch of mud, in return for
•which the G. N. R. undertakes to fill
In  other  stretchos  of  mud-flat   for
the city, providing the city pay's for
it. Th'e ,0. N- K' further undertakes
to make Vancouver a terminus, etc.
the proponents of the scheme insist
that it will be very much to the city's
advantage and we quite believe they
are perfectly sincere, as we understand
that the most of them have real estate holdings in the vicinity.
The opponents characterize it as
a steal In which we are inclined to
agree with them. Anyhow, we have
no doubt that lt so appears to them
as they evidently did not get their
whack out of it; Or, as they have expressed it, the matter lias not been
explained to the perfect satisfaction
of their publlc-spirltedness, a serious
piece of neglect on the part of the
man with the G. N. R. sack.
Consequently, they vociferously denounce the G. N. R.'s terms us "unreasonable," hut there seem to be degrees of unreasonableness. For instance, tbe city of Victoria, a tew
years ago, not only donated a piece of
tide fiat to the C. P. R. but filled it in
for It and exempted it from taxation
on condition that the C. P. R. build
itself a hotel on It, and this was not
considered unreasonable except by a
few people already ln the hotel business there. Alongside of which the
G. N. R. appears to have been quite
modest in its demands, for it will do
Its own filling in, when it feels like
it.
The really funny part of the performance, however, is that both proponents and opponents of the scheme
agreed that "railroads should be encouraged." The opponents merely Insisting that a harder bargain should
have been driven. And, mind you,
both factions consist mainly of that
fraternity of business small fry which
is always wallling about being robbed
by the railroads. The question naturally suggests Itself that, If one railroad is such a devouring ogre, what
will happen to the small fry when two
hungry railroads get "access" to them?
As far as the wage slaves are concerned, they are in the happy position
of not having to worry much about it.
Of course, if it wasn't for them, there
would be nothing to steal, but as all
they get out of It is their fodder and
stall, the burning question of who shall
get the overs should be of little concern to them, except that the bigger
the corporation that gets it and the
more lt gets, the better for the wage
mule In the long run. Particularly
as the small fry gets it in the neck
thereby, for after all, these small fry
are the bitterest enemies and most
dangerous friends that the wage slaves
can possibly have. At the eleventh
hour, somebody, supposed to be the
C. P. R., opened a rival sack, and
autos were hired, leaflets distributed
and signs paraded out, but a little
late, for the citizens and numbers who
have the semblance of citizenship for
the time being, flocked to tbe polls and
nobly assisted Jim Hill to get his in
the hope of getting theirs, maybe.
SIMPLY   SOCIALISM.
Socialism is a working class analysis of the social conditions under
which we produce our food, clothing
and shelter, and in examining, and
laying bare the actual condition of the
wage workers, Socialists make use of
the following terms: The class struggle, the materialistic conception of history and surplus value, which expressions or units of measurement I will
try to explain as simply as possible
within a limited amount of space.
As Socialism is an analysis of the
present system of capitalist production, lt is therefore the political expression of the wage earners of the
world. It is international, It embraces
all races of man regardless of sex,
creed of color, and wherever capitalism exists you will find Socialism, in
fact, the giant capital breeds Socialism
In every country on the face of the
earth.
On the one hand we find a possessing class, the capitalist class, and on
the other a non-possessing class, the
working class; one enjoying without
producing, and the other producing
without enjoying, the necessities and
good things of life. Labor produces all
wealth, but does not enjoy that wealth,
the laborers, both brain and manual,
only receive on the a\erage a sufficient amount to keep them in food,
clothing and shelter, to reproduce their
race and to keep them in good working condition, and all the surplus over
and above their subsistence, being
about four-fifths of their total product,
goes entirely to the master class. This
creates an antagonism of Interests between the two classes, the capitalist
wishes to keep u pthls legalized robbery and uses all the powers of government, the militia, the courts and
the police, to protect and retain his
propertied Interests; and the working
class are trying to secure control of
the powers of government by political
action, ln order to abolish this robbery which takes place under the wage
system.
The capitalist system of production
has only fully developed within the
last one hundred and fifty years. Previous to this time commodities were
produced by the hand method, each
worker or craftsman possessed his own
tools, and as a rule owned whatever
articles he produced. This laborer was
free to apply his labor power to raw
materials when and wherever neces
sity compelled him, and further artisans of this period often retired at
from forty to fifty years of age, having
produced enough surplus to keep them
and their families in comfort the rest
of their days. These men were free,
and only in, the shape of man do they
bear any resemblance to tbe wage
workers of today.
The division of labor was Introduced
about this time, universally, it being
much cheaper to produce commodities
when each worker specialized the making of only one part, Instead of a whole
commodity, consequently the small and
Independent craftsman was driven out
of business. Steam and labor-saving
machinery were now introduced, the
machines of production had now grown
complex und the Individual workers
I'liuld no longer own them, as lt required a large accumulation of capital
to operate them. The former independent workmen were no longer able to
compete with the capitalist class in
the production of commodities and
were now forced to sell their labor
power in the open market. The capitalist class were now masters and the
former free workers became slaves of
the very machines they created and
brought Into being. They were now
forced to ask permission of their masters before they could apply their labor power toward obtaining their food,
clothing and shelter.
These machines of production have
now become so gigantic in size that it
is the exception for even r to be
owned individually, but are . ,vned by
the capitalist class as a whole. All the
railroads, factories, mines and mills of
the present time of any size are operated by wage labor, from the general
manager to the pick and shovel man,
the master class are now totally unnecessary to our present system of
wealth production. The master class
only draw their dividends to squander
in debauchery, wars and governments,
and as parasites upon human society
should be relieved of ownership of the
machines of wealth production and be
forced to perform useful and productive labor.
Capital ls that part of wealth which
is used to produce more wealth, with
a view to profit. Natural wealth, so
called, does not become real wealth
until labor Is applied to lt. For instance, you could not call fish In the
ocean wealth until the fish were caught
It Is therefore self-evident that labor
itself has produced capital, which apparently to the uninformed keeps the
wage workers from starving to death.
Capital as lt ls at present understood
is totally unnecessary to wealth production, and is a detriment to the production of wealth, for It only operates
to amass profits, and it the necessary
profits are not to be obtained, lt returns to the strong box and the ma
chines remain Idle, not because there
Is no demand for the goods, but because there is no profit to be obtained from the sale of the commodities.
Having given an outline ot the class
struggle and the evolution of our system of wealth production up to the
present time, showing how the workers have become slaves of the master
class, and also how neither that class
nor Its god, profit, are any longer necessary ln human society, I will try
and demonstrate just now surplus value is extracted from the wage worker
by the capitalist class.
When a capitalist hires labor, the
first thing he thinks of is, will these
wage workers produce a profit? This
is the only Incentive for him to engage his capital in producing wealth
and as labor produces all wealth, this
profit or surplus value must come
from the workers alone. The actual
machines of production represent stor-
ed-up labor which has been skinned
from former laborers and the raw material which is fed to the machines
has been obtained in a like manner.
To make this illustration perfectly
clear, we must go back to the old
hand method of production; our present method of producing commodities
Is so complicated that it is somewhat difficult to shed the light upon
the exact point wherein the robbery
takes place. Let us take a community
of chair-makers ln the eighteenth century and follow cloBely some of the
steps which have been taken to en'
slave the workers ln that particular
line. Large sections of the country
in England and European countries
were owned by the communes of small
villages of freemen, who tilled the
land ln common. In the case of the
chair-makers, they owned In common
the sections of hardwood timber from
which they drew their raw materials
for the manufacture of chairs. The
communal lands were declared government property by act of parliament
and ln some cases the nominal heads
of the communes seized or destroyed
the title deeds to the communnl lands
and claimed ownership to them, In
which they were backed up by the
government soldiere (witness how the
Duchess of Sutherland acquired the
vast estate which her descendants
now control). The Scotch Crofters
were driven off their lands in order
to make Bheep runs (see Paul Lafar-
guo's Evolution of Property). This
action was taken by the government ln
order to Increase the supply of wago-
labor which was very low at this period. We find that now, tho cnftlr-
makers cannot obtain their raw materials, from nature as formerly, and
consequently are forced to sell their
labor-power to a capitalist who eh-
gages in the production of chairs.
The market price of a chair-maker
of this period was 50c per day. He
worked 12 hours and produced about
four complete chairs in one day's labor, and which sold upon the average
at 50c each. (These wages, prices,
and the amount of the worker's product are only approximate and are
simply used for illustration.)
Note, flrst, that the worker receives
in wages 50c and turns out $2 worth
of product; now we will allow the sum
of 50c for the raw material, use of
factory and for deprecation of the
tools, which leaves surplus value amounting to $1 for the capitalist "who
has employed him." Now, if this
worker had made his own tools and
gathered his own material, he would
object very much in handing over a
full half of his product to his master.
The division of labor keeps him from
finding out the exact amount of labor
required for the raw material and
tools, and he thinks that when he
has received his wages that he gets
the full product of his toil, and also
that any profit his master makes
comes from the consumer who purchases the chairs.
The first six hours which the chair-
maker works he produces a value
equal to his wages and raw material,
etc., and the last six hours he delivers
over to the master, absolutely free,
this surplus value or unpaid labor, and
It Is from this source alone that all
the immense fortunes of the Rockefellers and Carnegles originate. Commodities on the average sell at their
cost of production, that is, when the
supply of any commodity exceeds the
demand, it sells below Its value and
when the demand is greater than the
supply it sells above its value, and
figuring the excess above value and the
shortage below value over periods of
time, they automatically cancel one
another, and like a pendulum, eventually arrive at the dead centre, which Is
called the cost of production. (Value
Price and Profit, by Karl Max, explains this fully.) Labor-saving machines keep the exploitation of the
wage-workers constantly on the increase; at present the laborer only receives about one-fifth of his total product, and when these machines become more effective in the saving of
labor-power, the robbery will be still
greater. This is called the relative
wage, being a comparison of the amount of product the worker produces
with tile amount received In the form
of wages. The nominal wage Is the
actual sum of money received In the
pay envelope at the end of a given
period, a week or a mouth, etc. The
real wages, however, are determined
by the amount of the necessaries of
life which the nominal wage will purchase; this is called the real wage,
and ls constantly falling. Gold ls a
commodity and Its market price is subject to the law of supply and demand,
when the supply of gold ls low, Its
market price rises, and vice versa, Its
value Is determined by the necessary
labor-power required for to mine lt,
and to place lt Into the hands of the
consumer. Labor-saving machines
have been employed In producing gold
and statistics to hand show that about
forty-five per cent, less labor is now
required for placing gold Into the
hands of the consumers. (For Instance, improved mining machinery
and Improved facilities In transportation, etc., have accomplished a saving
of 45 per cent, in its production.) Gold
is the medium of exchange (bank bills
are promises to pay tn the future and
have no real value), and the prices of
all other commodities are expressed
ln gold for convenience In exchange;
gold ls only a measure of value, when
ln the form of money. While labor-
saving machines have been applied to
practically all other commodities, these
machines have not been so effective
as those applied to the gold mining industry, therefore the production of
gold has cheapened much faster than
that of the necessaries of life; therefore lt is apparent at a glunce that
more gold Is now required to purchase the wage-worker's food, clothing and shelter. Instead of saying
that a live-dollur gold piece is worth
only $4, It Is much mote economical
and simpler to say that $5 worth of
cotton Is now valued in the form of
gold at $0. The cost of the necessaries of life to the wage-worker is increasing much faster, proportionately,
than the Increasing amount ln his pay
envelope, and lt can readily be seen
that his real wages are on the decrease. Labor-saving machines Instead of lightening the toll of the wage-
worker, has made his struggle for existence much harder by displacing la-
Socialist Directory
g/aflvtry Local •( Ik* Socialist Party •(
Canada should ran a card under this head.
tl.st per s-oo-fc.     SecretariM pleas* note.
BOMXHIOM BXBO-TITB OO! .
Soclallat Party of Canada M**U
•very alternate Monday. D. O. Mo-
Kanal*, Secretary, Box lit. Vanoouver.
B. C.
BRBS      OOLWWLWLA     PBOTZBOXAL
Bxaeatlv* Commit to*. Soolallat Party
•f Canada. Moot* evary alternate
Monday. D. O. MoKa-aal*. Secretary,
Box IK, Vanoouvor, B. C.
iLSBBTA   TmmtTWOLAL   aXBOVTITB
Commltta*, Socialist Party of Canada. Meeta every alternate Monday ill
Laker Hall, Mghth At*. Bast, opposite postofflc*. Sscratary wlll be
pleased to answer any communications
resardlus th* movement In the province.
F.    oxtoby,     Sec., Box      647      Calgary, Alta.
LOCAL MlSl, B. O., BO. 34, S. T. at 0.
MeetsI flrst Sunday In every month ln
Socialist Hall, Mara. *:30 p.m. Cyril
Kosoman, Recording Secretary.
X-QOAX, tlSTI-OR B«.  10, S. T. Of
C.    Business meetings evary Sam-day
1 p",la  !S,.,h•*d<,u'u■t•r■ on Mrat Ara.
lulu. Williams. Sec., Ladysmlth, B.C.
LOOAL MOTTB. B. C, BO. 30—mWMTm
Hall   (Mlnsr1*   Hall),   Mrs.   Thonifiy,
8*cr*tary. "
LOOAL mOBBLAWW. ST*. SS, S. P. OT O-
meet* In Miner*' Hall avary Sunday at
7:14 p. m. li Csiupbell, B*oy„ P. o
B". ",*• ™.R?"*,1"lld Finnish Branch
meets ln ^Inlanders' Hall, Sundaya at
7:80 p. m. A. Hobble, Seoy., P. O. Box
746 Rossland, B. C.
KAWITOBA       nOT-a-OIA]-.      BXBOV-
tlve Commute*. Meets flrat and third
Tuesdays 111 the month at I3U"4 Adelaide St.
Any reader of the Clarion derlriitg Inform.
atton about the movement in Manitoba, or win,
wishes to join the Party please communicate
with the undersigned W. 11. Stebbiug, Sec.
Jl6QoodSt.
XABXTXKB PBOVIBOXAL BXBOU-
tlv* Committee. Socialist Party of
Canada. M**U every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKinnon'*, Cottage Lan*. Dan Cochran*,
Secretary, Box 1 Olace Bay, N. S.
looal VAjrootrt-B-a, b. o, bo.  ta,
Finnish. Meet* avary sscond and
fourth Thursdays In tha month at 141
Hastlncs St W.   Secretary, Wm. Mynttl
Books of all Kinds
The Works of Josephus 3.00
Origin of the Bible, Remsburg.... ,
  1.80
Ingersoll's 44 Lectures 1.50
Darwin's Descent of Man LSI
McCabe's Life of Ferrer  30c
Paine's Age of Reason 35c
T.iree Weeks, Elinor Glynn... 1.50
Robbery Under Arms,
Boldrewood 1.35
Postage prepaid on books
The People's Book Store
162 Cordova St. W.
LOOAX. TABCOWTBB, BO. 1, S. T. OP
Canada Business meetings evary
Tuesday evening at hoadauartora, over
Bdntt's 8tor*. 161 Hastings St W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 114.
LOOAL BBLSOB, 8. F. OF C., MBBSB
every Friday evening at 8 p.m., ln
Miners' Hall, Nelson, B. c. C A
u Organiser; I. A. Austin, S*sy.
LOCAL  FMOBBIZ, BO. 8. S. P. OF O.,
meets every Sunday at 8:311 p.m., ta,
Miners' Hall. Matt Hallday, Organizer.    II.  K.  Maclnula, Secretary.        ,
LOOAL OALOABT, ALTA., BO. 4, S. Pj
of C. Meetings every Sunday at I
p.m. In the Labor Hall, Barber Blook
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce). Clul
and Reading Room, Labor Hall, 1
Dniiliy Secretary, Box 447. A. Maidouali
Organiser,    Box 447. 1
LOOAZ, BBLX.BTVB, ALTA., BO. IS, I
P of C. meets every flrst and thlr
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Hat
J. Oltphant, Secretary,
LOCAL COLBXCAB. AMML, BO. I
Meets every Sunday night In th
Miners" Hall and Op*ra House at
p.m. Everybody welcome. SootaUa
speakers are Invited to sail. H. j
Smith, S*cy. ^
LOOAL TXOTOBZA, BO. S, •. P. OP O.
Headquarters    aad    Reading     Room,
523   Johnson   -t.     epposite   Oucens   Hctei
Buslnesa    muting    avery
Tuesday evening. I p.m.    Propoganda
fasting*    *v*rr    Sunday    at    Orand
haatra.     a.   Thomas.   Secretary.
IWU BABAJMO, BO. S, S. P. *f  O.,
BHti every alternate Bunday evening
la F*r*at*ra Hall. Business meeting
at 7:40 o'clook sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 1:40 o'clock|
Jack Plan*.  Rao. 8*cy., Box lit.
LOCAL   FBJUnOB,   **.   P.   at   O,   BOLDS
educational meeting* In the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
•vary Sunday •venial at 7:46. Buslnesa masting flrat Sunday ln *ach
month, same plac* at 1:1* p m.
David Paton, Secy. Box 101
looal »anrw*oi a*. », a. p. of
C, meet* *v*ry Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:14 p.m. Business
meetings. 1st and Ird Sunday* of each
month. Qeo. Heatherton, Organizer;
R. J. Campbell, Secretary, Box 124.
LOOAL YBJSBOB, B. 0., BO. SS, S. P. OP
C. meet* every second and last Friday iu
each month. 1'has. Chancy, Secretary, Box
117, Veruon, B. C.
looal pmnroB bupbbt, b. a. bo.
N. S. P. *f a—Meeta avsry Sunday In
hall in Bmpra* Thsatr* Block at 4:00
p. m.    Angus  Mclvar, Secretary.
       I,     B.-MLP.4V-
Propaganda and bualneea meeting* at
i p.m. avary Suaday *v*nlng ln th*
EeUsen Parlor Thtatr*. Speakers
passing through R*v*lstok* are invited te attend. B, T. Oayman, Beoretary.    W. W. Lafsaux, Organiser.
—!>■■■  ■SMuawa., B. O., B*. IS,  S. P. at
C, meets every Sunday In Graham's
Hall at 10:14 a. m. Soolallat speakers
are Invited ta call. V. Frodaham, S*c-
f*Ury.
LOOAL BBXOBTOB, ALTA- BO. 1. at
P. of C. Headquarters 111 Flrat St
Business and propaganda masting
every Thursday at 7:1* p.m. than
Our Reading Room la op*n to th* put
lie freo, from 10 am. to 11 p.m. daUy
F. Blake 441 Athabasca Av*.. Soon
tary-Treasurar, T. Blsaatt, III Fourt
St., Organiser.
looal wmDis, a r, oir o.:
quarters, Kerr's Hall, no i-i Adelaide Sire*
Sunday morning 11 a. m.   Propagai	
meeting Sunday evening I p.m. Everybody welcome. Secretary, J, W. Hilling
37« Young St; Organiser, I*. McDougall, 41.
Jarvis St.
LOOAL TOBOBTO, OBT., BO. 14, S. P.
of O.—Business meeting* Ind and 4th
Wednesdays ln the month, at ths Label
Temple, Church St. Propaganda meetings every Sunday at 3:|J o'clook at
the Labor Temple. Speaker*' claas
•vary Thursday at 8:00 o'clook at Lsboi
Temple. J.  Stewart, Secretary.
61 Seaton St.
LOOAX  OTTAWA,  BO.  S,  S.  P.  OP  a
Buslnesa meeting 1st Sunday la
month, and propaganda meeting* following Sundays at 8 p.m. ln Robert*.
Allan Hall. 71 Rldeau St. The usual
weekly inside propaganda meetings discon
tiuued during summer months. H.S. Old-
bam Sec. 123 Drummond St.
LOOAL  COBALT,  BO.   t,  B.  T.  OP  •
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at I p.m. ln Minora
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend
"-.tlilebert Jones, Financial Secy.
LOOAL
of C, _     _
Wednesday evening*, at I p.m.. as
King St E., apposite Market Hotel
V. A. Hints, Sec, 90 Weal Lancaster Street
.     ..    *,  B.  M\
meats every second and fourtk
LOOAL •LAOS BAT BO. 1, OP W. *°L-
Buslness and Propaganda meeUai
•vary Thursday at I p.m. la MaedS
aid's ball, Union StfMt All are wet-
come. Alfred Nash, Corr**pondlai
Secretary, Olace Bay: Wm. Sutherland. OrganUar, N*w Aberdeen; H. a
Ro**, Financial Secretary, oflloe la fi
N. Brodl* Printing Co. building, Uatasj
Street
K0.VVf;^\P|**,H,S.*> BLOSSOM
borers, throwing them into the ever-
increasing army of unemployed, making them compete with those who have
jobs and thereby lowering the wages.
Capital is concentrating rapidly and
each succeeding panic forces more and
more small capitalists into the ranks
of the wage-slaves. Departmental
stores and the mail-order systems
alone have driven thousands of small
merchants In both city and country
into the proletarian army. (Read
Wage Labor and Capital for detailed
and full Information about wages.)
In examining past history carefully,
we find that the prevailing "great man
theory" ls utterly absurd. The capitalist histories teach us that great
men have risen at critical periods and
literally saved the country (according
to whichever one you read) from the
iron heel of opression and destruction.
All our laws, customs and religion are
determined by tbe different methods
in which we produce our food, clothing
and shelter. Thus we find that when
chattel slavery was abolished the methods of production at that period were
not in conformity with the existing
conditions of that time. Serfdom was
more economical ln the production of
food, clothing and shelter than chattel
slavery, consequently the latter disappeared, and the chattel slave owners
gave place to the feudal barons.   The
wage-worker Is cheaper than either the
chattel slave or the feudal serf, foi
instance, the master is not compelled
to furnish medical attendance to e
sick worker, nor does he support him
during old age. Plato says that the
most despicable man of that period
turned his old slaves without to shift
for themselves, and therefore we find
that wage slavery is more ecorfomlcal
for the master class and so the feudal
serf went by the board. When a the
ory does not explain logically certain
facts that theory must be thrown out
and the capitalist histories do not ex
plain former events In human society
In many cases; lt just gives data, and
some facts have been left out entirely
and untruths deliberately substituted
by the existing historians of that pe
rlod. Former chroniclers have been
forced to write up history in the interests of the master class. They were
sometimes burnt at the stake for dis
agreeing with the opinions ot theii
masters. The world's history aa fat
back as it can be traced has been a
record of class struggles, one class exploiting another class and that class
striving to obtain freedom from theii
masters.
(See the Materialistic Conception ol
History, by Frederick Engels.)
JUNIUS BRUTUS.
J. B. OSBOURNE
Sunday Evening, 8 o'Clock
ORANGE HALL
Vancouver B. C.
■**. SATURDAY, JULY 2nd,  1»*Q.
WESTERN CLARIOl
BRITISH COLUMBIA
-^mjgfh''
Tb1* Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals'
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
SOME MISUNDERSTANDINGS
CLEARED   UP.
MARITIME    EXECUTIVE.
Meeting held June 5th. All the com-
Tades present. Comrade McLeod chair-
man.
The minutes of last meeting read and
approved as read.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Moncton, Sydney, Mines, Berlin,
Ont., and Comrades Watklns, Levenne,
Organized Filmore.
On motion Ihe secretary was instructed to write Comrade Levenne re the
.candidates nominated in Cumberland.
On motion the secretary was instructed to write Organizer Filmore
with a view to bringing him to Glace
Bay befoie ihey decide to put him on
a tour of the Maritime provinces.
Authorized payment ot* three dollars
for card ln Clarion.
Receipts.
Local Glace Bay, 10 due stamps   1.00
Sydney Mines, 30 dues stamps..    3.00
Moncton Local, 20 dues stamps.    2.00
Glace Bay, 20 dues stamps     2.00
$8.00
•   *    *
Maritime Organization Fund.
Pledged by Comrades $106.70
Payments made to date:
Remainder of fund since Gribble's tour  $52.18
Donation from Dom. Ex. Com...    50.00
M. Mlrkln      2.00
Ross McKinnon 30
Agnes McKinnon 40
Will McKinnon .... 1.00
Clara McKinnon       1.00
Jock Clachrle 50
Comrade Crlken       1.00
Mlllan Grant      2.00
Millan Grant       2.00
Alex. McKelgan       1.00
John Nas.i       1.00
William'Allen       2.00
Alf. Marsden         1.00
Thomas Kerr 50
\    .„      Chas. Poster 50
Chas. Kernlck        2.00
J.P.Brady 25
.   „       A. Dombeck        1.00
„       A. Bagdoner        .50
„       E. Tourney      1.00
„       Dan Cochrane      2.00
Sophie Mushkat       2.00
Will Mushkat      3.00
„       Van. Irish Comrades..     8.50
Minnie McKinnon       1.00
Alex. McKinnon       1.00
„      Clarence McKinnon ..       .20
H.H.Stuart       1.50
Eulah M.Stuart 15
Edina A. Stuart 15
Walter Stuart 15
Total    $1*10.83
DAN COCHRANE,
Glace Bay, N. S.
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
Meeting held June 18th, 1910.
Present: Comrades Burgess (chairman), Danley, McLean and Machln.
Correspondence dealt with from Locals Hillcrest, Mound, Edmonton, Was-
kaso, Meeting Creek, Bellevue, Markervllle, Coleman (Finnish), Lougheed
and Evarts.
Matter of referendum on MeGuire
rase mentioned ln letter from local Edmonton laid on table as Ex- Com. Is
not ln possession of Information necessary to act on the question.
Receipt*.
Local Evarts,  stamps $10.00
Local Woskaao, stamps        5.00
Local Bellevue, stamps     5.00
Local Meeting Creek, stamps...    4.00
Local Markervllle, stumps    2.00
Local Hillcrest,  stamps     5.00
Local Lougheed, stamps     2.00
Local Edmonton,   stamps     5.00
Literature and buttons     1.75
Total    *M''r>
Expenses.
Com.  Gerald O'C. Desmond, or
ganlzlng    $1500
FRANK DANBY,
Secretary.
Box 647, Calgary.
MONTREAL.
Dear Comrade,—
Unable to claim any literary ability,
may I urge my geographical position
as a reason why I should be permitted
space in The Clarion? I was deputed
some time ago by the Local to relate
tbe deeds and doings of the Montreal
boys, but for many reasons, postal, political and pathetic, the printer lost the
Job.
Many and varied things have happened since Gribble asked that world-
stirring question, "Why does Wayman
weep?" The earth has been In theoretical danger of extermination. Empires have swayed In the balance.
Hosts of free and prison laborers
"leased to the coal companies have
been burned, butchered or burled in
the dignified process of mining coal.
A king has died; policemen killed
while arresting a mun on suspicion.
Gribble has growled. Miller's found a
master, and the world was cast Into
a breathless suspense whllo I tried to
typewrite twenty words without an error for a wager ot one cigar and two
matches. (In the event of these lines
greeting the omniscient eye of 3. Gom
pers, Esq., I may say that I have it on
the authority of the winner that he
asked for the union label.)
Yet these events, epoch making as
they are, pale Into ozone before the
records of the Montreal Local. We
ran a candidate for Board of Control,
who ran onto the platform of a little
Jewish exploiter and urged the assembled electors to vote for the L. J. E.
because he once gave some coal away
during a strike. Six of us were In the
hall and after he had spoken the tower
of Babel lost all significance in history. Next night at the general meeting, which included four translators
and a host of friends and relatives of
the transgressor, a motion of censure
was passed and another candidate
nominated, a man of great promise, in
whose small head ls stored quite a
quantity of "Merrie England." I say
stored, and it is, like badly packed
furniture. Which results In my being able to report verbatim all his campaign speeches, to wit: "Well! You've
heard what the other speakers have
said. I can only say that I will do all
I can." This was greeted with loud
applause from two-thirds of the audience, on some occasions by all three,
and once—when the janitor came for
the rent while a meeting was In progress—by four. So you will see that
we are going some in the commercial
metropolis.
The French section split from us
and ran their candidate alone, and he
got a thousand votes; our man got seven hundred. We have kept the
"home" together, and had a finefturn-
out on the flrst of May. About five
thousand people heard some good
straight stuff. The papers were filled
with photographs of Mr. A. St. Martin, "the Socialist leader," and some
short travesties of the "Innocuous"
speeches made by others not leaders.
This May Day was—I speak seriously
—the finest effort Montreal has ever
made. The old fallacies urged by the
newspapers were forever exploded. So
true is this that the leading paper,
printed an eight-column article by Pro-
lessor Leacock, ln which he shows the
Impossibility of the Socialists creating
a revolution and proves that Socialism
Is "founded In error" by knocking the
bottom out of Edward Bellamy's
"Looking Backwards."
I need not report more, except that
May Day, like all our other affairs, left
a debt of about $30, which brings up
our total debt to about $80, and this
hangs around our necks like a millstone. It worries us, and while we
are pondering ways out of the mire,
we are constantly being called upon
to help other efforts, both in and out
of the Party, and we appear stingy because we can only spare our moral
support.
We are progressing, though, with all
the celerity of a three-legged elephant, and let the cynics remember
that two-thirds of the population here
are French and soddened ln priestcraft. To Join a Socialist section
means immediate ex-communicatlon
and ostracism. We have a case where
a woman was urged to leave her husband because he became connected
with the movement. And amongst the
English-speaking, the Labor Party is
forever knifing our backs. We are doing wonders to keep up our end. De
finite organization is out of all reach
and things will and must continue until some mote Comrades can take the
stump. If some of the Comrades East
and West ot us would write our Sec-
si ary on any point you may gain over
the enemy, or if the our worthy Executive would frame a note of encouragement and Instruction, It would be read
and discussed; a feeling of fellowship
would run through the Party members, and a closer relationship would
maintain.
I wanted to make some observations
on various topics concerning the Party, but I will not mix things. Comrades look at Montreal and see for
yourselves. The system Is rotten at
the bottom and menacingly heavy on
the top. Be wise; get after the blind
Samson or the fool will get hurt. I
shall not wriggle out of it, but ever
be,
THE ARRIVAL FROM THE EAST.
Mr: Working Man! Both Liberal
•nd Conservative alike will tell you
that Socialism means "dividing up."
So far from this being the case, a Utile
study will convince you that for whole
centuries you have been "dividing up"
with your masters. In the agony of
thought produced b*y the Socialists'
determination to put a stop to this
dividing up, your masters have raised
this howl, and succeeded in blinding
you to the fact that you have actually
nothing left to divide up—except the
prospective product of your future labor.
When are you to get wise to this one
sided scheme, and by putting your own
class In power, secure to yourself and
the class to which you belong, full access to the machinery of production,
and the full product of your labor.
Your smooth tongued politician will
also tell you that Socialism will break
up the home. Just ponder over this for
one moment. By the labor of your
hands and brains you and the class to
which you belong have built all the fine
mansions in the country. You have
also built the shacks and hovels that
He around. Which do you occupy?
Mansion or hovel? H'm! Thought
Strange, isn't it, that the Capitalist should inhabit AND OWN these
fine houses whilst you, who. have built
them have to be content with a cheap
lodging or a miserable hut with a two-
hundred ton mortgage on it.
And you who have been driven from
your homes in the old country in
search of the elusive Job—was not
YOUR home broken up? Was it Socialism that broke it up? No. It
was Capitalism, the system which you
have always voted for that smashed
it up, and along with it, your hopes
and aspirations.
Time enough it will be to consider
whether or not Socialism or any other
ism will break up your home when you
happen to have one to practice the
smashing business on.
Meantime, start in, and try to figure
out how It is that the Capitalist, who
does not even lift his little finger in
the production of wealth enjoys the privilege of owning his place of rest,
whilst you have to pinch and save in
order to make both ends meet.
When you have pondered over it and
given the matter your earnest consideration you will fall in line with the army of class conscious Socialists and
fight for the social ownership of that
which you already socially operate—
the machinery of wealth production.
Jump Into the fight NOW, and, leaving your master to look after his own
business, pay strict attention to your
own.
M. and C.
force reforms of every description, and
then it'll be up to somebody to erect
a tombstone.
Last but not least comes tbat Revolutionary Socialist Party; the party
that wants to divide up, that w|ll destroy homes; anarchists, bums, grousers. The most talked of and hated
political party of today. What have
they to offer toe wage slaves? Well,
their platform Is tn this paper. Look
it over and if you have a home to be
True tt does not report what the speakers said (whlcu, of course, matters
little) but merely gives a list of the
peers and plerettes who attended, and
then goes on: '   .
"The guests assembled in the drawing room to listen to speeches on 'Socialism' ; Ellen Lady Desart, Lord Dun-
more and Capt. Parsons being the
speakers. Lady Aldenham .
wore mauve crepe and Lady Tweedale
favored shades of purple and a rose col-
tXere and fyt
By Spea.
destroyed, if you think they are anar- pred hat with a panache of amethyst
chlsts, if they come bumming round
your shack, If you are satisfied with
present conditions, if you still insist
that you are not robbed as a producer, do as the Socialist tell you, vote
for the old political party and get what
you voted for.
W. M. WATTS.
EDMONTON, ALTA.
GET WISE.
DOLLAR8 AND DIMES.
Dear Comrade.—An urgent appeal
for funds from all Socialists Is made
by Winnipeg election committee. Sharp
and short comes the report that the
elections will take place July 11th. We
bave two candidates in the field and unless funds come in at once one will
have to bo dropped. Wo have a good
chance of electing Ed. Fulcher for
North Winnipeg. Now, boys, roll in
the dimes, 10 cents in postage Btamps
—any old thing at all as we have not
got the deposit ($200) for one candidate yet, so shoot lu the dimes at once
to WM,  WATTS,
312 Bushnell St
How do you like working for a living these hot days, you wage plugs.
How do you like sweating in the broiling sun whilst your boss is away in
his yacht on the lakes or on the continent. Yes, you wage plugs complain
about the heat but never complain
about your master living ln Idleness
on your sweat, and it won't even be
too hot for wage slaves to go to vote
for your master on election day.
In a few days you will have the opportunity to vote for your master or
yourself, let us see what the political
parties have to offer you workers. The
great Conservative Party without a
platform say they will continue their
progressive policy, that they will give
the PEOPLE what they ask for. The
people wanted government owned telephones. They got It. The farmers
wanted government owned elevators.
They got them. The wage slaves
wanted compensation acts passed.
They got them. And now look
at the glorious . time we are
having. Everybody is happy (so
the Telegram says). Did you get what
you expected? No, the only persons
that benefit by Government ownership
are the officials and political hangers
on. To sum up what the Conservatives have done since they have had
control of the government Is easy. The
workers (those who have produced everything) are getting the same amount
of sowbelly, the same shoddy clothes,
the same old shacks and the same
amount of misery as they did thirty
years ago and they are even worse off
than their fathers were. Therefore,
the Conservative policy is a farce.
Now we come to that glorious freedom loving Liberal Party. Ah! Just
put those Liberals In power and you
workers will have a splendid time. It'll
be like paradise. Yes, sir, the Liberals
are the boys to do things. If you want
a reckless bunch to spend your money
(that you don't get) why put the Liberals ln power. Look at the Grand
Trunk, the timber limit land grant,
railway bonuses, tin pot navies. Yes,
the Liberals are progressive, and Mr.
Green the Liberal candidate for North
Winnipeg, Is even "socialistic" ln his
views.    Yes, boys, forget it.
Then we come to the magnificent Labor Party, that bunch of soreheads and
office seekers. The same old tall of
Liberal dog. The Liberals are not
putting up a candidate where Mr. Dixon ls, because Capital and Labor work
hand In hand. Tho Labor Party are
going to force the Government to give
the workers a fair wage;   they will
Dear Comrade.—During the first
week in June we had with us in this
burg a revolutionist by the name of
Gerald O'Coiiel Desmond and, to use
a popular term, applicable to wage
slaves, we used him. We had a series
of meetings throughout the week beginning Sunday in one of the local
theaters, also on Tuesday and the rest
of the week at the street corners. On
each occasion we had audiences of
from three to seven hundred. In all
we did an excellent piece of propaganda, Comrade Desmond giving out
the clear dope.
Also let me add we had Comrade
O'Brien with us last week. He addressed two meetings, one on Thursday, the other on Saturday, to large
crowds. At the Saturday meeting
Comrade O'Brien was delivering the
goods right from the shoulder to the
discomfort of a few freaks known as
patriots and would-be capitalists.
Just a word in conclusion. How
would a campaign fund go In this
province? We have got one representative there now, why not be prepared to keep him there and also send
more to back him up?
A Slave in Revolt,
WM.  McQUOID.
P.S.—I hope Lucy Budden will not
press her claim, as those comrades are
more useful outside.
feathers. Lady Winifred Renshaw had
on a grey tailor-made dress with a blue
plume ln her hat, and Lady Strathmore
was in. grey, with chinchilla furs."
How withstand such warfare? What
chance have corduroy and fustian Joined in mortal combat .with "chinchilla"
and amethyst "panache' ? The legendary dragon himself were fore-defeated
against a St. George in such armor;
and so, after many councils and much
hard thinking, we conclude that discretion were the better part of valor, and
that mi-Lady Twaddle and appendages
may best be left to the tender mercies
of the "Express" office boy.
L. In the Socialist Standard.
A FAREWELL WORD.
We cull the following gem from the
fount of light  and  anti-Socialist  sagacity, the Daily Express (April 28th):
"ANTISOCIALIST  CAMPAIGN.
"The Anti-Socialist Union of Great
Britain is fighting the Red Flag in
deadly earnest.
"A feature of the campaign in London is a series of drawing room meetings, at which well know politicians
are delivering lectures on Socialism.
An Important one will be held on May
6th, at 7 Eaton Square, S.W., when
Lucy, Countess of Egmont, will be 'at
home.' The chairman on this occasion
will be Sir Gilbert Parker, M.P." (author of that soul-stirring tragedy, "The
Seats of the Mighty"). "Other drawing room meetings which are being ar-
gaged are those of: Lord Aldenham,
May 5; Mrs. Hornby Lewis, May 10;
Mrs. Lucas, May 25; Lady Jolcy, May
31.
"The Countess of Desart and the
Earl of Dumore will speak at Lord
Aldenham's meeting."
So lt seems that the Socialist move
ment ls doomed. No more may wo agl
tate in the baronial halls of the laborer; no longer seduce an unsuspecting
working class with our vile and Immoral doctrines.
We may agitate at the street corners. We may still propagate "the end
of all' ln the byways and the slums.
The gin-shop and the Park are still
open to us. But we are for ever barred
from the drawing room and all such
places where the working class do congregate.
The A. S. U. of G. B. have at a stroke
stopped at its source our most lucrative stream of supply; and now as a
result of the strenuous campaign of
the A. S., etc., In the drawing rooms of
this "our" country, we are undone.
In this, possibly the last, issue of
our Party Organ (excuse this moisture,
Mr. Printer), we thank all those workers who are ln the habit of attending
the drawing rooms of mi-lud Addle-
head and ml-lady Lucy, for the support
they have given us ln the past, and,
handing them over to the tender mercies of Sir Gilbert Parker, M.P., reluctantly bid them farewell.
But stay! Here we have a report of
one of those epoch-making meetings,
and on perusal thereof it would seem
that our worst fears were   Justified.
HE LOST HIS VOTE.
A negro in the State of Virginia
owned a mule valued at $150 and as
there was a property qualification of
this amount, personal or real estate,
required, before an adult male could
exercise the franchise, he was accordingly placed upon the voters' lists.
This colored gentleman voted at several elections but finally the mule died
and when our fellow-slave went to
vote he was informed that since the
mule was dead, he didn't have the necessary property qualification. Our
colored friend was ln a quandary; he
scratched his head, and gave birth to
the following:. "Well, sah, I have come
to the conclusion that it wasn't me that
had the vote, It was the mule.'
Now, that nigger became wise to
the fact "that property and not Individuals rule." When the working class
get control of property through the
powers of the state then and only then
will they become able to enjoy the
wealth they create for the workers will
then be the owners.
There are only two classes In society
today and when the working class
force the present Capitalist class to
disgorge the stolen wealth, classes will
be abolished and ruling will be unnecessary for there will be nobody to
rule, consequently society as a whole
will be one great body of useful producers, none ruling and none ruled, no
masters and no slaves.
FOOLS.
OS YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Manas
DiaiONB
C0PVRI0HT8 Ac.
Anyone sending a -ketch and description may
oulcltly ascertain our opinion free whether an
' r»n Is probably "'stent
rlctly confidential. HA
n. <>l,1ent a«MlioT fori „
. _   .._  oun A I
ert'lal notice, without shame, ln the
|y	
i'nVentlnn Is p'robnbly i>Ateiitab[i
tloiu atrlctly confidential. HAN0B_...
sent free. Oldest agency for securing- patents.
Patents taken through Munn '
Scientific American*
A hmdniMlr UlMtwUtM weekly.    Ljrn*. eir-
cuUtAon uf any   ■rt-Mitlflc   jouni-*,!.    Twtna   for
Cuwli. 9t.Tr> b, year, potiUnje prepftfaL    Bold by
fcU TtlTTflff'•*—
Your masters expect you to be docile
slaves, and, by the gods, docile you
are—to a degree.
They do not need to beat you into
voting for them on election day. No,
they simply get you jumping from the
Conservative Party to the Liberal Party, and from the Liberal back to the
Conservative Party again. And when
they succeed in so doing, they have
you by the neck,, as, no matter whether it is Liberal or Conservative, they
both stand for the same thing—the
private ownership of the means of life,
and the consequent exploitation of the
working class
J. B.
AND    IT'8   COMING    WEST.
"The position of the average workingman in the New England States today is one of almoBt semi-starvation;
a bare living, a sordid existence, this
ls the lot of the great mass of the
workers in the Land of the Pilgrims."
In this manner spoke Mr. W. G.
Walker, of the old-established firm of
the Confectioner's Machinery and Manufacturing Company, Springfield, Mass.
to a World reporter in the Hotel Europe yesterday.
"Indeed," continued Mr. Walker, "if
some change does not soon take place
It looks as It a revolution will be the
only result which enn grow out of such
a state of affairs. The men have tried
strikes, but the fact Is the average New-
England workman cannot keep the
wolf from his door long enough to
make his strike effectual, and therefore his endeavors in this respect but
render his conditions the more difficult.
'The cost of living has risen rapidly
in the United States during the last
few years and still continues to rise,
while the wage scale remains practically where lt was a decade ago. The
consequence ls that the laborer—the
man who really needs substantial
food—Is forced to exist on a shamefully low grade diet.
'Speaking of our own firm," added
Mr. Walker, "I may state that about
two years ago we not only Increased
the wages of our men, but gave them
a nine-hour day. Then again they are
mostly skilled mechanics, which, of
course, removes them from the classification of ordinary workmen. Their
incomes insure to them a respecable
livelihood.
But," concluded Mr. Walker, "It ls
the average laboring man In New England that we are considering, and I
think that of him we can fairly say
that he has reached a point In our
present economy where tho demands
of human nature cannot be further
curbed or circumscribed."—World.
I ,	
The quadrennial ballot dance ia
about to be stepped at the polls by the
working class of Manitoba. This fantastic, though common ceremony, is
held to decide grave issues. This
year, the performers will express their
solemn approval or disapproval, of the
distance one can amble Northward,
looking for a Job, without getting beyond the legislated limit of Manitoba.
Also will they conclude, as to whether
Conservative Grand Larceny is as delicate and tactful as that which the
Liberal Party can commit. The die
is about to be cast. Hold your breath,
lueanwhile the missus is debating with
herself, whether she will leave Lizzie's
shoes or tomorrow's steak off the expense account, so as to make it balance with the pay cheque. That his
stunt at the polls could assist the
latter In her arithmetic, seldom occurs
to the noble elector. If, it did he
would mark his ballot fo/a Socialist,
or "Socialism" on his ballot,
• *   *
All these travelling reds flew over
Calgary and left five for Com. Burgess
to catch,
• •   •
Desmond gets two, Banff and Can-
more.   You did something too Bo.
• •   •
Two from the wilds per Com. Fulcher.
• •   •
Workers from  Winnipeg read  the
platform in the paper, find out what
Armstrong and Fulcher stand for, and
vote for yourself.
• •  •
Two renewals by Gribble the Irrepressible.
• •   •
The bunch In Dewberry Alta wants
the dew blown off the Berry heads of
the dls-united farmers, so they order
100 sticks of O'Brien dynamite. Also
three buttons.
• •   •
Com. Legge ls not slow on them, for
he runs down three slaves in Brandon.   Also renews.
• •   •
Four dozen pamphlets, fifty Clarions
and two subs, sung by A. W. Baker
Brantford, accompaniment by the
"bones."
• •   •
That   unpatriotic Irishman   continues to wield this mental shlllelah la
Revelstoke.    He lands twice, a year
each.
• •   •
The Manitoba campaign fund goes up
three from Com. Darnley and Com.
Norman, Vancouver. Darnley also haa
$3 for a bundle for Watts.
• *    e
And the walls of tbe city shall fall.
Even If it's only a brick at a time: J.
Beaton Sandon, B. C, D. Paton, Fernie, Mrs. Hill, Hillcrest, Wm. Watts,
Winnipeg, Com. Elliott, Edmonton, C.
M. O'Brien, Bankhead; E. J. Thomas,
North Battleford; H. M. McDonald,
Vancouver; A. Pilardy, Vancouver;
Com. Darnley Vancouver; H. Elmer
Hillcrest, Alta,
• •   •
Property ownership ls the basis of
all our juridical, political and religious
Instiutlons. We workers own no property. Clearly then, these institutions
are not for us, and, as they must reflect tbe attitude of that upon which
they are based, they cannot remain
neutral. Therefore, they are against
us, as we struggle with our masters
for the possession of their property.
• •   •
What a scandal! The sanctity of a
Legislature hath been desecrated, and _
the   reverent   hearts   of   a   govj™j(i|f-^
body   rudely  jarred.     Who  liat!,.'4f*J*j. •
this thing?   Tho Simple Truth*
out warning, suddenly arose and*
in N ^B^^m
It was In Edmonton. The Mn» baA~i
died that his representation m ,.: *£*4m»C
practice oratory. They were doing lt.
But alas, O'Brien, tbe slaves' representative, lifted himself up and spake Ills
mind. Mr told the truth, which was
exceedingly bad form, an the traditional
business of the place lie was In, is
organized deceit. It might be uoted
that O'Brien ls the only man on record
who hud the courage to adopt the only
true  position  In  that  matter.
WINNIPEG CAMPAIGN  FUND.
A. J. B. Lundbreck, Alta., a slave
with a grouch $2.00
A Slave ln Victoria, B, C, forgot
to give me Ills number  2,00
R. Thomas and A. E. Armbruster,
Victoria, B. C.—Not down to
the  minimum  yet  2.00
Adam Grewar, St. Catherines, Ontario—The only red in the saintly city  1.00
(J. M. O'B., M.P.P.. collected In
street meetings: At Edmonton
$10, Bankhead $4.80, Canmore
$2.80, and part of his master's
allowance, $2.40    20.00
G. Beagrie, Calgary, Alta.—one of
the army   1.00
IT. T. Beatable, Brandon, Man.—
helps himself     1.00
I. Coxon, Winnipeg—Jimmy wishes me to correct my former
statement, "Last, contribution
wasn't a raise." Let me ln on
your Standard Oil, Jim  1.00
1 S0CIALI8M.
'"
(Concluded jfrom Last Issue!)
So full of contradictions is I our
present economic order, that men inust
go without coats because too much
clothing has been produced and children must go hungry because the
productiop of grain has been over
abundant;
It has been truly said "In civillza
tion poverty is born of plenty."
At the present time a farmer pro
duces for a capricious market. The
producers play at bide and seek with
supply and demand and all is uncertain and chaotic.
In contrast with this the Socialist
proposes a systematic and orderly
production according to the needs of
society, not according to the caprices
of the speculator and market manipulation, hence concentrated economy
in production.
Co-operation would introduce concert in place af antagonism, and so
eliminate all the evils resulting from
our bap hazard methods.
The socialist agrees that the laborer
does not receive the full and just produce of his toll.
Not alone\in the production but
also ln the distribution would Socialism be' a great success. Instead of
having, 5 to 50 stores all having to
support, the several heads and usually
procuring the goods by local freight,
there would be one or two stores as
there, are one or two post offices in a
town that would be able to attend
to all (he trade at an infinite less cost
to the j purchaser.
Under Socialism money, that is gold
silver and their representatives, would
be superfluous except for settling balances,; with foreign nations.
Labor checks would be just as handy, and would remove the temptation
that gold offers to certain individuals,
and further, under Socialism tho goods
would belong to the state, hence tbe
notes would have some actual value,
whereas, now it is only in name. For
every days work performed a labor
check would be issued against the
wealta created, which would be exchanged for the product he has created, or for any of the commodity
containing an equal amount of labor
time. He thus receives full compensation for all the wealth he creates,
the full product of his toll.
The remuneration of labor in the
form of a money wage obscures the
—fact that the laborer does not receive
the full product of his labor.  .
It is by this means that the labor
ls exploited.
Labor when treated as a commodity
bas two values; value in exchange or
what it will sell for, and value In use
""* or what the employer gets for labor's
product. Labor employed In production from raw materials would add to
those materials an increased value.
It is not, however to the materials
that the new value ls due, but to labor
which has given the materials new
form.
Tbe manufacturers wishes nothing
on the raw materials but only on the
labor which he buys and sells. The
laborer ls bound to sell his labor for
Its market value. He cannot secure
the use value of his labor for the reason that the means of production are
monopolized by the employer.
The laborer then does not receive
the full value of his toll, nor can he
under the wage system. The exploitation is part and parcel of modern
production, and money wages are the
means by which labor Is exploited.
Morally this Is wrong, however
necessary It may be to the present
order. If the laborer was paid ln the
commodities which he produces, he
would at once see that he did not receive the full value of his labor. The
money wage appears to be equal to
the value of their services, when in
realityrthe real value Is equal to the
money- wage, plus what the employer
receives for their services.
Again lt may be suggested that the
function -of money ls not only as a
medium of exchange but also as a
meaaure of value.
To understand how under Socialism,
this secondary function of money will
be performed, we shall need to understand what is meant by value.
By value, we mean value in exchange; we do not mean value In use,
nor utility, nor worth. The worth or
utility of shoes is their capacity to
protect the feet; the value is what they
will fetch In the open market. Their
value is their relation to other ware
in some way or other; is another
name for equivalence. But relation
in what way? Not the relation of
worth. Worth or utility Is undoubtedly
presupposed, but it does not determine
the value. A man can buy a hat for
two dollars or a pair of shoes for the
same amount, and both are useful to
him, but their usefulness Is not the
reason he pays two dollars for them.
He can buy a loaf of bread for five
centB which Is infinitely of more worth
to him than either if he has had nothing to eat for several days.
It is evidently worth more to him
than to a man who has Just partaken
of a hearty meal, but the latter can
buy it just as cheaply as the former.
Although value is a relation between
useful things, it is not i. relation of
worth.
The one thing similar in all these
things is that they are the product of
=C
human toil. Labor expended on natural products haa created value. The
labor that measures value, is not the
labor of any one man, but the average
amount of labor required in the production of any commodity. It is what
ls called tne socially necessary labor."
The labor embodied in the commo
dlty includes not only the living labor,
or the number of working days, but the
labor embodied in tbe raw materials
and also that portion of . labor consumed by the wear and tear of machinery.
The value of any commodity ls equal
to the sum of the factors of the labor
process—the working power, the raw
materials, and the wear of the machinery.
All of these factors but represent
labor which is consumed and which
together constitute the cost of the
product—the labor embodied in its
production.
Of course under Socialism as under
the present system, there would be
many citizens who wonld perform
necessary work of a nonproductive
character, such as judges, teachers,
clerks, dramatic artists, musicians, etc.
These must be remunerated and also a
certain part of the product reserved
as capital. Provisions must be made
for all these legitimate claims for
which an impost or tax would have
to be laid on all sales. Perhaps the
goods of twenty-four days labor would
be sold for checks representing 25 days
labor. Thus each would receive the
full product of his labor, either as
direct revenue, or as public benefit.
Each laborer would receive for each
days labor a check less his share of
the Impost or tax.
Socialism ls Indus ti .a 1 democracy.
It would put an end to the irresponsible control of economic interests, and
substitute popular self-government in
both the industrial and political worlds.
Popular self-government must be substituted for the present aristocratic
despotic form of government. There
must be an end of private control of
public interests, for private aggrandisement.
It is often objected that Socialism
would increase the spoils of office a
thousand fold. This is also based on
a misconception. The objection implies the retention of the present political machinery, while the Socialists
insist upon a political change hand in
hand with the economic change.
Socialists cannot use a machinery
which renders legislators the peoples'
master, and allows them to conduct
public affairs witn a view to private,
and class Interests. Under Socialism
the veto will rest in the hands of the
people. It needs no argument to de.
monstrate that our present representative system is false both in theory
and practice. Laws passed today,
seldom represent the will of the majority. The so called representative
is ln reality master of the situation
for his term of offlce. He Is subject
to no instructions from bis constituency, and may vote against every
measure he is pledged to support once
he has been elected.
In place of the present system,
Socialists would Inaugurate the "referendum," which means the submission of the laws to the people for
ratification or rejection. The referendum would make our law-makers
our servants who would merely assist
the people In making the laws. Were
the veto power today in the hands of
the people a legislature full of
schemelng politicians could do but
little harm. While lobbyists can fix
a few legislators, they could not succeed in getting at all the people.
Socialism by abolishing profit offers
the ouly solution to the liquor traffic.
It would also abolish poverty. The
existing of poverty in the middle of
plenty is a libel on our modern civilization. This condition is entirely due
to the false social arrangement whereby some monopolize the means and
products of industry.
The population of Great Britain is
is about 36,000,000. The annual Income about 5,000 millions. Now one-
third of the people take two-thirds
of the wealth, and the other two-thirds
take one-third of the wealth. That
is to say 24 million of the workers
produce 5,000 millions of wealth, and
give 4,000 millions of It to 12 millions
of idle and nonproductive people. This
means that each worker works one-
third of his time for himself and two-
thirds of his time for others.
Under the present pernicious system
the invention ot labor saving machinery ls constantly rendering more
and more laborers superfluous, and
so creating an industrial reserve army
which helps to keep wages down to
the point of bare subslstance. Under
Socialism tbe same machinery owned
by the state would be beneficial in
reducing the hours of labor, and thus
more hours for mental improvement,
physical recreation and enjoyment.
The stimulus which Socialism would
give Invention when Inventors are
directly rewarded for their labor
would be very marked. The machine
under the present system competes
with labor; under Socialism lt would
serve labor which is its proper sphere.
One ot the strongest cialmfe (of
Socialism ls its all-inclusiveness.
This is ln marked contrast to the
patch work schemes put forth by
social reformers. Many palliatives
measures  besides    trades    unionism
fry-—rajs...
have been proposed, ittoBt of which
are socialistic in nature, but Inadequate because tbey failed to touch the
root of the trouble. They are all
good as far as they go but Insufficient
to produce industrial and social peace.
Industrial depression and crises, are
the result of our system of planless
production, and its consequence exploitation of labor.
We frequently hear the claim that
laborers are better off than formerly
—that is they are not exploited quite
as much and therefore ought to be
satisfied, and contented. Even if this
claim was true, It is not valid. Because a person agrees to rob me of
only half as much as he formerly
appropriated would we be justified In
applauding bim for so doing, or rather
would he not be just as much a thief
as when he took the wnole.
There are on the market today too
many fake schemes for the amelioration of the laborers' condition. None
of these propose touching the root of
the matter, but rather to refine the
exploiting system, and render it more
respectable. A careful and unprejudiced inquiry into the subject from
the reports of the labor commissions
of the world (who cannot for one moment be supposed to be favorable to
Socialism, as they are controlled and
appointed under the present capitalist system) will all bear evidence that
there are tendencies at work which
tend to reduce wages to the lowest
point of subsistence. These forces
which act to overstock the labor market are, first, the expropriation of the
small agriculturalist and industrialist;
second, the Introduction of women
and children into industry; third, the
improvement ln the technical arts,
which continually increases the productivity of labor; fourth, the introduction of labor-saving machinery,
which displace workmen; and, lastly,
the Importation of large masses of
labor from foreign countries.
One of the strongest claims for a
scientific organization of industrial society is that lt suppresses wasteful
competition. None will deny that capitalism is responsible for prodigious
economic wastes. Competition and
waste are convertible terms.
Let us consider one glaring instance
of the economy that would result from
the elimination of this factor in the
case of railways. The waste here is
truly enormous. It has been estimated that the public ownership of railways under the Socialist regime would
annually save the people of the United
States of 700 millions of dollars, an
amount sufficient to construct homes
for three million five hundred thousand persons, allowing $100 for a dwelling for a family of five,
The milk business is another example of waste due to competition.
Look at the number of companies engaged in supplying milk in any city,
and compare the cost of distribution
of milk with the cost of distribution
of mail. And instances might be supplied almost Indefinitely but without
serving any good purpose. That any
one should desire the preservation of
an economic order which necessitates
such prodigal waste Is beyond comprehension. Certainly a more Irrational and absurd system could not be
conceived. Capitalism and waste are
synonymous. May the day hasten
when the present wasteful Industrial
system will be relegated into the limbo
of forgotten creeds.
The misconceptions of, and objections to Socialism, are closely connected, Inasmuch as the latter are
mainly based on the former.
First, Equality. Any one with the
least acquaintance with Socialist literature knows that no trace of any
such Idea is to be found in any of the
Socialist writings. Socialism has in
store no "grand divide."
Second, Property. Private property
in wealth, the means of enjoyment,
will not only be allowed, but decidedly encouraged.
Third, Family. As Socialism has
only to do .with economic conditions,
it is at once seen how absurd any
reference to its affecting family rela.
tlonshlp, except beneficially, can ever
occur.
Fourth, Inheritance. Of course inheritance in capital would be impossible, but in wealth, the means of enjoyment, it would be strictly regarded.
Fifth, Disagreeable Work. Socialism
does not propose equal reward for all
labor without regard to intensity,
agreeableness or health. It proposes
to equalize the various vocations by
rating the hours of labor shorter in
those least desirable. Many would
prefer a few hours even at disagreeable work, to a long and tiresome day
at the desk.
Sixth, Motives to Industry. Under
Socialism would be the same as now,
social esteem.
Seventh, Confiscation of Property.
There are two kinds—under the present system; by means of law the capitalists are confiscating the property of
the workers, and the larger capitalists
the property of the smaller ones; under Socialism by meanB of law the
workers may confiscate the capital
which has been taken from them. The
flrst Ib legalized theft; the second is
legalized restitution. Thus the claim
that the Socialist confiscation of capital (if done) would be unjust, ts based
upon a misconception.
TV   I*"  '
Eighth, Corruption of Politics. The
cause of corruption ls opposition of
private to public interests. Socialism
would correct this evil by removing
the cause, because public and private
interests would be reunited ln the Interests of a higher civilization.
Ninth, Exponents of Socialism. Pro
fessor Ely declares that Socialism has
found advocates among many gifted
learned and very practical men. The
leaders of Socialism in the present
centum have generally been men of
extraordinary capacity, placing themselves far above the ordinary man.
Amongst those he mentions are Wm.
Morris, Robt. Owens, John Ruskin,
Frederick Engels, Ferdinand Lassaile,
and Karl Marx—of the three last mentioned he says Karl Marx Is recognized by friend and foe as one of the
most learned and gifted economic
thinkers of the last century; Frederick Engels ls one with whom economic philosophy must deal, and it is
said besides that he has been more
than ordinarily successful in business
while the gifts of Ferdinand Lassiale
attracted the attention of all with
whom he came In contact.
Tenth, Socialism and Anarchism.
Socialists and Anarchists, as such, are
enemies. They pursue contrary aims
and the success of the former will forever destroy the fanatical hopes of the
latter.
When we realize that the Socialist
vote has grown In thirty years from
404,000 to 819,000, we need have no
fear of becoming adherents to a forlorn hope. The horizon is bright, the
future is full of promise. To those
present who heard my address on
"The Power of Thought," you will
easily see the reason of my optimism,
as it is impossible for the thoughts of
eight million earnest workers for a
cause not to realize their fondest
hopes. Can you wonder at the enthusiasm of the Socialist, when he realizes he is working for the highest
Ideals of the human soul, for the
brotherhood of man, the emancipation
of woman, and the freedom of children from practical slavery. How much
larger a platform to stand on than the
narrow one of party politics. Its objects enable a man to give out his
best efforts with the full knowledge
that no one can accuse hlm of selfish
Interests or personalism. No need to
descend to the scandalous personality
of political fights. Here is a cause that
has for Its purpose the uplifting of all,
not the selfish one—or the few. Surely we can all subscribe to it, for it is
the only rational movement for the
amelioration of the Inequality of existence. Let us all carefully study
the subject, each for himself, for we
realize that if we can only Induce intelligent men and women to read up
the Bubject for themselves that we
have at once secured supporters for
the freedom of the world.
DAWSON.
TEN  REASONS FOR VOTING
THE SOCIALIST TICKET
1st Don't vote for a Socialist unless
you understand the main principles of
Socialism and what the Party stands
for.
2nd We believe that Capitalist property, which is used by the working
class by the capitalist class, who
owned by that class, who would then
enjoy the wealth they produce.
3rd It is necessary to abolish the
wage system under which Is hidden the
robbery perpetrated on the working
pay them the market price for
the use of their physical and mental energy, and appropriate the product which contains on an average 50
per cent paid and 50 per cent unpaid
labor.
4th. You must realize a self-evident
truth; that the "Working Class" is a
non-owning class, as far as the means
to support life are concerned, consequently the capitalist class, which
does own, not only controls the lives
of the workers, but enjoys the product
of  their  toll.    Are   such  men  free?
5th. You should understand as a
member of the working class that ca-'
pital Is a condition, and not a thing,
which has for its object "profit." When
we say we mean to abolish Capital,
you can readily see lt is only the function of money and meanB of production that is destroyed and not material
things.
6th. Socialism Is not Government ownership in any sense of the word, nor
is it a reform movement for the purpose of inaugurating Old Age Pensions, Co-operative Colonies, Land Value Taxation, etc. The watchword of
the Socialist Party of Canada is, "Let
th6 Capitalist Class reform their own
system."
7th. How are we going to accomplish our ends. By agitating, educating and organizing the Working Class-
to realize that they must capture the
power of Government and use that
power to transform the present Capitalist ownership of property to Working ClasB ownership.
W. H. STEBBINGS.
Pamphlets Now Ready
Hazell's Summary of Marx'
Capital
C. M. O'Brien's Address in
the Alberta Legislature
Price 5c Ptr Dm. 25c
PLATFORM
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to and support of the principles and programme of the
revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong.
The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the
means of production, consequently ail the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist Is therefore master; tha worker a
alava.
So long as the capitalist class remains in possession of the reins ot
government all the powers of the State will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery and degredation,
Tha interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of tho wage
system, uader which is cloaked the robbery of the working class at the
point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and
the worker is rapidly culminating in a struggle for possession of the
reins of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure lt by
political action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic
programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, aa rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry by
the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party when in office shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question
its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the interests
ot the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If It will, the Socialist Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledges Itself
to conduct all the public affairs placed in its hands In such a manner
as to promote the interests of the working class alone.
MANITOBA CAMPAIGN
EDITION
A campaign issue of the Clarion
will be published for the Winnipeg Central Campaign Committee.
Locals and comrades throughout
Manitoba should obtain bundles
for distribution.   Order of
J. P. BRIEN
Winnipeg 384 Elgin Ave.
ATENTS
.. . solid* the Business of Manufacturers,
Rnginseri, and others who renlizc the advisability at having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
ms-ha-s*-. Oat snisslor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion St Mat ion, New York I.tfeBidg,
Xontral: rndWashinaTton, D.C, V.tUL.
PRICE LIST OF SUPPLIES
(To Locals.)
Charter    (with    necessary    supplies to start Local) $5.00
Membership  Cards,  each 01
Dues Stamps, each 10
Platform and   application    blank
per  100   25
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 50
Ditto in Ukranlan, per 100 50
Constitutions, each   20
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen        SO
DENTIST
W. J. CURRY
Room 501
Dominion Trust Bldg.
To Canadian  Socialist!
On account of increased postal
rates we are obliged to make tha
subscription price of the International Socialist Review ln Canada
11.20 a year instead of |1.0*. Ws
can, however, make the following
special offers: *
For 13.00 we will mail three
copies of the Review to one Canadian address for one year.
For 70 cents we will mail tea
copies of any one Issue.
For 13.00 we will mall the Review   one  year  and   the   Chicago
Dally Socialist for one year.
CKABI.-BS W. XEM ft OOKPAXT
134 West Kinds St., Chicago.
pteoea, THE CAFETERIA
305  Cambie Street
The best of everything properly
cooked.
Chas. Molcahey, Prop.
IF YOU HAVE
UKRAINIAN
neighbors, send for a bundle of
"Robot-Ay, Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 cents a year
135 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
"fuisCiil/V
Union-!
-Which Standi for a Living Wage
Vancouver Local  367. 666
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
(J If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to our office and we will send a man
to measure your premises and give you an estimate of cost of
installing the gar. pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.

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