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Western Clarion Mar 26, 1910

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Vancouver, British Cwkimbia- Saturday, March 26,   1910.
SskMrip-tra rriea
■eriMlmrrles mi mm
mnu       •I.BV
A Summary of the Proceedings of the B. C. Legislature—
The Interests of Capital Well Conserved Against Labor
Below is given a summary of the
activities of the two Socialist representatives in the Provincial Legislature for the last session, and of the
capitalist representatives in the same
House. It is to be hoped that any
■workingman into whose hands this
may fall, and who voted for an old
party candidate, will study carefully,
What the  two  Socialists have  tried
to do.
To amend the Coroner's Act by adding the following as a new section.
"(2b.) All material evidence submit-
, ted nnder oath at any inquest shall
be duly taken down by the official
stenographer and incorporated in the
' reports of the evidence." Debated in
Committee Jan 31, and defeated. See
Clarion February 12th.
To amend the Notaries Act by inserting the following in lieu of section
4: "3. All applicants for the position of notary-public shall, before the
Civil Service Commission, show
that they are duly qualified and fit persons to hold such certificates." Defeated in Committee, February 1st, Clarion Feb. 12th.
To amend an Act to amend the
Factories Act (introduced by Bowser)
by prefacing it with the words "unless
the .trial judge otherwise orders."
Bowser's Bill provided that an Inspector under the Factories Act should
be prohibited from giving evidence in
suits for damages brought against an
employer for injury or death to an
The Bill was opposed by the Socialists and forced to a division on
February 2, ln spite of McBride's obvious reluctance, and the second reading was carried, only the Socialists and
Liberals voting against it .those in
favor being all the Conservatives except absentees McDonald, Shatford,
McPhilips, Thomson, MeGuire, and
Young. The above amendment was introduced in Committee on Monday
February 7th, and again introduced
and defeated in on Report on February 8th, those opposing it being all
the Conservatives except absentees
McDonald, Wright, Craven and Ellison.   Clarion Feb 12th, and 19th.
To amend the Medical Inspection of
Schools Act by providing that only
duly qualified medical men be allowed
to inspect the children. Opposed by
the Minister of Education Young, but
finally accepted. An attempt to induce
the Minister to incorporate in the Bill
a fixed Bcale of charges for medical
inspection was unsuccessful .Clarion
Feb 12 and 19.
To amend the Assessment Act by
striking out Section "A" of Income
classification, which would have the
effect' of exempting all Incomes up
to $2,000, Instead of $1,000 as at present. An amendment which would be
of material benefit to the proletarian
farmer.   Defeated on February 9tb.
To amend the Companies Act by
striking out all the words after "Company", in clause 131 (e), which give a
mining company power to buy, sell,
manufacture and deal in all kinds of
goods, stores, etc., required by the
company or its servants." The Socialist objection to the clause was that
' lt gave a company a more complete
hold over their employees. The amendment was defeated.—Clarion March 5.
To amend the same Act, clause 247
sub-section (b), by striking out the
words "during three months" and "not
exceeding $260," also to amend subsection (c) by striking out "during
three months," and subsection (d) by
substituting a new sub-section as follows: "All amounts due in respect
of compensation under the Workman's
Compensation Act 1902, before the said
date." The clause provided, ln the
case of an Insolvent company, the
debts that had to be given precedence
for payment. While taxes due have
to be paid, an employee cannot claim
more than three months arrears of
wages, and the amount not to exceed
$250; the clause to be struck out provides that a claim for compensation
laying against a company under the
Workman's Compensation Act shall be
paid only up to $500, under the Compensation Act the limit is $1,500. The
amendment was defeated on the following division: Ayes—Williams,
Hawthornthwaite, and the two Liberals
Noes—Fraser, McKenzie, Tisdali, Callanan, Miller, Jackson, Cawley, Bowser, Cotton, Ross, Shatford, McPhlllips, Schofield, Hunter, MeGuire, Mac-
Kay, Davey.—Clarion March 5th.
To amend the same Act by adding
the following as a new section 29, and
renumber the following sections: "29.
Every company shall once in each
and every year, publish in the Gazette
a statement showing, (a) The amount
of its capitalization, (b) Tbe amount
of its paid-up capital, (c) The average number of employees per month
during the previous twelve months,
(f) The average wage paid to such
employees, (g) The number of Orientals employed, (h) The nature of
the work upon which they are employed. (1) The average wage paid such
Orientals, (j) The gross receipts for
previous 12 months. (1) The net
profit obtained, dividend paid, (m)
Amount of reserve fund.
29 (b) If a company refuses, or
neglects to publish a statement in the
Gazette in accordance with the provisions of Section 29, it shall be liable
to a penalty not exceeding $100 or less
than $50 for every day during which
it is in default. Amendment defeated.—Clarion  Feb  26th.
To amend the Game Act by prohibiting the slaughter of deer for sale, on
Vancouver Island and the adjacent islands, thus making the prohibition
general all over the Province. Defeated on a mixed vote.—Clarion Feb.
To amend the Liquor Act by Including "bridge" among the list of prohibited games on licensed premises.—
Defeated—Clarion March 5th.
To add the following as a new subsection to the Act to Amend the Public Schools Act: "Section 39 c. 44 of
the Statutes of 1905 is hereby amended by adding the following subsection
"39a" The Board of Trustees shall
have the power to exclude any child
or children from the school or schools
on the ground that owing to racial and
other differences it is deemed to he
Inadvisable in the best interests of
the majority of children, to admit
them." Defeated Feb. 24th. Ayes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite and the two
Liberals. Noes—All the Conservatives
except absentee Mackay.—Clarion Feb.
26 and March 5.
To amend Section 5 of the same Act
by inserting the words "equal to in
the place of the words "not less than."
amendment was accepted and the
clause now reads " To the Municipal
Corporation of any Municipality whose
Board of School Trustees shall provide
suitable accommodation in connection
with the school or schools under its
jurisdiction for instruction in manual
training, there shall be granted a sum
'equal to' three-fourth of the total
amount expended for the necessary
benches, tools, material and other
equipment required." This amendment was accepted by the Minister for
Education, as was also one to strike
out the word "Superior" as applied to
a grade of schools, and substituting
the word "Intermediate" as being less
snobbish.—Clarion Feb. 19th.
To amend the same Act by striking
out Section 6, which had been amended by Hayward (Cowichan), to 'allow"
residents in any school district in the
E. & N. railway belt to assess themselves to raise the teachers' salaries.
The amendment to strike out the section was defeated.—Ayes, Williams,
Hawthornthwaite and the two Liberals. Nays—All the Conservatives except   absentees   Callanan,   Shatford,
Thomson,    Taylor,    Mackay.—Clarion
March 5th.
To amend the Steam Boilers Inspection Act by adding the following as a
new section: "16. No engineer holding a certificate under this Act, except in case of accident or necessity,
shall be employed for a longer period
than 8 hours in any 24 hours. 24
hours, for the purpose of this Act, shall
mean from midnight to midnight." Defeated.—Clarion  March  19th.
To amend the Bush Fire Act by adding the following to Section 5, subsection (2). "Where any farmer or
owner of land neglects or refuses to
obtain such permit he may be held responsible for any damage that may occur to Burounding holdings by the
starting of Buch fires." Defeated—Clarion March 19th.
To amend the same Act by adding
the following as a new section: "6.
Any farmer or settler clearing land
adjoining or contiguous to land held
as wild land under the Assessment
Act, shall, upon satisfying the Government Agent for the district in which
such lands are situated that his operations will be accelerated thereby, obtain an order from such Government
Agent requiring the owner of such wild
land to clear p. satisfactory firc'-ut.rd
around, or partly around, such wild
land." Defeated.—Claion March 19th.
Practically the same division ns on
the first amendment.
To amend the same Act by adding
the following as a new Bection "Chapter 10 of the said c.84 of the Revised
Statutes of 1897 is hereby repealed."
Defeated.—Clarion March 19th. ..'he
object of the amendment was to prevent the employment of the Informer
and spy as a means for enforcing the
Act. Ayes—Wiliams and Hawthornthwaite. Nays—Brewster, Jardine, and
all the Conservatives except absentees Watson, Fraser, McDonald, McKenzie, Braden, Manson (Skeena),
Miller, Bowser, Thomson, Behnsen,
Manson  (Dewdney.)
To amend the Act to ratify the C.
N. R. Agreement by adding the fol
lowing words to sub-section (e) Section 7, of the Schedule: "Provided
always, that the lowest wages paid to
any laborer or worker employed in
said construction shall not be less
than $2.50 per day." Defeated.—Clarion March 19th.
To amend an Act respecting the
Salvation Army by adding the following as sub-section (a; to Section 3:
"(a) All contracts entered into and
all obligations incurred by or on behalf of the Salvation Army, shall devolve upon and be binding upon and
be discharged by the Governing Council of the Salvation Army." ThiB
amendment, introduced by Parker Williams, was withdrawn by him, the Attorney-General wishing to have the
words "or on behalf of" struck out,
and Mr. Williams refusing on ascertaining that the Army could repudiate
an action of one of its officers if that
was done. The Attorney-General then
took the amendment, and having made
the alteration, submitted it, and it
was carried.
To amend the Provincial Elections
Act by adding the following: "Any
voter who can produce sufficient evidence to show that he has resided in
the Province of B. C. for six months,
is a British subject, and can read and
write the English language, shall
have the right to vote ln any election
in any district in which he has resided for 30 days previous to the date
of such election, notwithstanding that
bis name is not upon any voters' list
in any electoral district of the province." Defeated. Ayes—Hawthornthwaite and Williams. Nays—Brewster and all the Conservatives, except absentee Shaw, Watson, McDonald, McKenzie, Wright, Cawley, Caven, Cotton, Robs, Schofield, Hunter,
Young, Taylor, Hayward, Parson, Davey.
To amend the Land Act as follows:
13. Section 13 ot the said Act is
hereby repealed, and the following
substituted therefor—127. It shall not
be lawful for a commissioner or any
other person to iBsue a pre-emption
(Continued on Page 2)
After a Session of Continual Bickering Between the Henchmen of Rilfal Corporations, the Prairie Solons Adjourn
(Dedicated to the "spirit of the age.")
List while the singer sings,
List to the poet's lay,
Of men and women and things,
A truthful rhyme of today.
A story brutally true—
(Truths is seldom over-nice)—
Of the many and varied things you
can do,
Of the many and varied thing that you
Can buy—if you have the price!
Wherefore,  O  workers, this howl of
Wherefore this pitiful tale?
Get the price—ln this beautiful age
Everything is for sale-
There are no exceptions at all to the
Everything is for sale, I say!
Men  and  women,  the  wise  nnd   the
Lots to be bought, like the ass or the
The price Is "three meals n day."
What will you have—a heavenly home?
Come right along with me;
Throw a dime on the big bass drum—
The price is low, you see.
Different prices to suit your class,
But prices to catch the greatest or
Come along this  way for a genuine
Endow a church or pay for a mass,
And buy heaven from the parson or
Do you want a parliamentary seat?
It's easy enough  If your purse Ib
Booze and  bribe  and a voice that's
And  lie like  hell    to  the  "vulgar
All that you need Is lots of gall,
A flag to wave and some pimps to
Roar and rave and rant and call,
Promise the "plugB" a Job for all—
Buy your seat with "hot air" and
Would you purchase the law of the
It's  done every day  ln the  week,
you'll find,
Slip a "roll'' into the proper hand.
(Justice, you know, is always blind)
That is the way to win your case—
The dignified judge will sagely jaw,
From his cushioned seat In the judgment place,
Will   solemnly   lire   off  his  "noble"
It's easy enough to buy the law!
Women?    The price has never been
For a "light of love" or one for a
A  dollar   bill  buys  the  first  for  an
The hope of a home gets the second
for life.
Fine girls, too. and pleasant to see,
Mistress  or  wife,  they  will    play
their parts—
Caught in the meshes of slavery,
Beaten, and hopeless of breaking free,
Selling  their    bodies,   if  not  their
There are many things you say you
A good fat "wad" can get them all.
The whole wide world Is for sale, or
There is nothing In It too great or
too small.
So plank down  the price, and don't
be afraid—
Join in the game, on a wise man's
Coin  is  the force  by  which  all  are
From a packet of    pins to a virgin
It's  only  a   matter  of   having   the
—DESMOND.    (
March 14
Boyle rose to a question of privilege
regarding an article which had appeared in Calgary press, which Stated
that he, Boyle, had approached or had
got a Mr. Weir, the secretary of the Licensed Victuallers' Association, to approach certain members with a view
to bribing them to line up against the
government. This he refuted and
claimed that Weir had told him that
the hotel men were tired of being held
up by the attorney-general for hush
money. He said that Weir had told
him that he had placed a cheque right
under the attorney-general's nose, but
had not received any relief. He was
not making charges against the attorney-general, but was only repeating
what he had been told.
Att.-Gen. Cross rose to refute the
statement, calling it a contemptible
piece ot slander, and insinuated that
Boyle's methods of work were none
too clean.
A fire of cross-questions followed,
in which each professed themselves as
agreeable to investigation, but no
charges were made.
Premier Rutherford gave notice that
he would on Wednesday move that a
royal commission be appointed to investigate into the Great Waterways
deal. The resolution calls for tbe appointment of Hon. Justices Scott, Harvey and Beck of the supreme court.
Premier Rutherford moved the second reading of the Truancy Act. Its
chief provision is that it will require
all children between the ages of 8
and 13 to attend school, and this includes private as well as public and
separate schools. It provides that no
children of these ages shall be employed at any work during school
Bennett was In accord with the bill.
He thought it was a step in the right
direction. There was too little appreciation by western parents of the
necessity of providing their children
with at least a fundamental education. They seemed to think the child's
wages of more importance. He thought
that the age limit of 13 years was too
Several other bills were advanced a
stage, none of which, however, are
of the least benefit to workers.
March 15.
Rutherford read the resignation of
Hon. Buchanan, minister without portfolio.    This  leaves    the  government
with two vacancies in cabinet.
Bennett asked that the correspondence relating to the resignation of the
attorney-general be read before the
House, as these letters were public
and not private documents.
Rutherford held that the correspondence was private and it was for blm
to use his own discretion. He declined to produce them.
Boyle, ln speaking to his motion,
calling upon the government to replace the missing papers from the A.
G. W. Rly. fyle, dealt very voluminously with the fyles, literally tearing
them to pieces, and showing undeniable proof of missing links In the incomplete chain of correspondence between the government and tbe railway
Smith also spoke in support of motion, portraying with vivid sarcasm
the parody of the late W. E. Gladstone,
acting as Rutherford and his government had nnd were doing now.
Puffer said he did not profess to be
a sharp business man upon these matters; he had not noticed these faults
with the fyles; he thought the A. G.
W. R. was not the only bone of contention, but he had every confidence
ln the government. Supposing they
have made a mistake, anyone might
do that. He preferred to Judge the
government on their general record
than on one particular deal. He would
vote for the government with a clean
Bennett said that Boyle's speech \
the same as he gave some days agoe-
It would appear that the government,.
no matter how fair they wished to be*
would not be able to please the benu
member for Sturgeon. The premier
had given notice of motion asking tmr
the appointment of a commission thar*.
should be sufficient. The members.;
will be asked to vote upon the a~tv
O'Brien    was  convinced  that thfsr
question was the same as that wbiefc
was brought up a few days prervfcia*-
ly.   It may be clothed    ln differ*****;.
words, but its meaning ls the sesasv.
It reminded him of a poodle dogwBsck.
had grown a ragged coat.   Tbey might,
clip and shear lt in different styles,
making it look somewhat different, ta*
still it was about the same.   "When I-
voted upon  this question the other.
day," he said, "I did so, not to *rots».
for the government, but for the por-
pose of opening the contract so that
I might introduce    amendments   ot
some  small   benefit  to  the   working;
class, the class I am here to represent,.
When the second division came oa *
day or so later, as there was no ch2*MV
to Introduce anything for the wusfc-
ers, the result of the vote was of no*
interest to me, and so I left the House.
That, Mr. Speaker, is the attitude
I intend to adopt as long as I am tm\
this House.   If I can do the working:'
class any good by voting, I shall vote*,
but as long as it is only a fight between the henchmen of different cor*--
porations, I shall leave the Housed.
"The propaganad we Socialists*
teach, Mr. Speaker, is that everything:
ls based upon a materialist basis; that-
man acts according to his material to-
terests, and since I have been here ■
am more than ever convinced that that
is right. I happened to go south US*
last week-end, and on the train I me*
a newspaper man. He waB very aus-
ious to see this government o*ar-
thrown. He said that if they had ta
couple of good live men ln the dhv
tricts of Leduc and Lacombe to bo**-f
Indignation meetings,. they would me*
able to raise such a row that the %ot-
ernment would bave to resign. tat
fact this man told him he intended Co-
get Bennett or lushing or both to botf
meetings there. That, Mr. Speaker, ut
a plain, materialistic basis. The newspaper men are fond of elections; t*
means larger circulation, and that
means more money. I realize tbat
they don't get much, hence they ara
always eager to bring about elections!,
if possible.
"Now, Sir, it has been stated by soT-
eral hon. members that they have been
Inundated with telegrams, letters and
phone messages, In respect to this-
deal. I have not been worried tbat
way, but I have received letters from
men who tnke a different view of the
matter than the correspondents of the
members who are trying to bring
about the downfall of the government-
For Instance, In one letter which I
have received, the writer thinks tbat
the 0, P. R. wnnts to have this road
or the franchise to build lt, especially
carrying us It does a guarantee of J20V
000 per mile. But they realize that it
would take a pile of money to buy the
ciarks out, and It might be much
cheaper to make a division In this-
House by the aid of their henchmen*
and holding meetings over tho country might help quite a bit lo bring:
about the downfall of the governmeut-
If this was accomplished, the darks-
would probably sell out cheap. I mention this, Mr. Speaker, to show tbat
all the people In the province are not
looking at this matter In the samo
light. - This letter ls only one of (iwny
not only from my own constituency,
but from all over tho province.
"But,   Mr.   Spea-ter,   although    tbe
writers express their views, this is not
a matter which concerns the working:
(Continued en Page 4). "'S'WO
Hie IBlm ta
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SATURDAY,  MARCH  26,  1910.
There is more to it than meets the
«sye. If we read not the portents wrong,
in that one word determinism is more
of moment to man than in all the
ponderous tomes that line the shelves
of time. Within its jurisdiction lies
sM the universe, from the intiiiitesiiial
to the infinite; ail life, motion, and
mutation;  all facts and ideas.    It is
it brings  .
To  mothers'   breasts;    it  brings   the
white drops too,
Wherewith the young snake stings."
saveth,   nowise
"It   slayeth   and   it
Except   unto   the    working  out  of
Its threads  are  Love and Life;    and
Death and Pain
The shuttles of its loom."
"It  maketh  and   unmaketh,   mending
What it hath wrought is better than
has been;
Slow grows the splendid pattern thai
it plans
Its wistful bands between."
"1'his is its work upon the things ye
The unseen things are more; men's
hearts and minds,
The  thoughts   of    peoples  and   their
ways and wills,
Those, too, the great Law binds."
Then the universe will be set upon
Its base and we shall see it in all its
simple grandeur. All form, change,
and motion, the result and consequence of countless converging
changes and motions. Cause behind
cause in endless retrospect. A timeless, measureless universe. Determined, ordered, rhythmic, grand.
And man himself, not the centre
of the universe but an inconsequent
incident. Not a free agent, overriding
and exempt from all laws, but an instrument, an automaton, moulded by
environment and responding to environment at every contact, in action
and thought, in mood and manner,
each in accordance wllh the fashion of
his mould.
Then we will have achieved the
triumph of our existence.   Then, know-
•-tie  pass-word  to  the  new  age;   the Jing tne LaW| we wlll De al)le knowin
cornerstone of the new philosophy.
As yet we are bound upon the wheel
of our inherited ideas. We are active
Individuals, knowing our right hand
from our left, free to choose between
good and evil, higher and lower. "I"
■ think, "I" act, "I" do. We "may" do
thus, or thus. Not yet do We realize
that we may do no other than we
must. Our thoughts are shackled by
social conventions; we think in terms
of world old concepts. Only when our
necks have cast off the yoke of servitude will our brains he freed from
•the shackles of convention.
But the new era is dawning. Already, thinkers and scientists, climbers among the high peaks of knowledge, have seen glimmerings of the
light, but they are bound to old modes
*of thought, to conceptions formed by
gropings in the dark, and the new
light is repulsive to eyes seasoned to
The day will come when, freed oi
',our fetters, we will revel in the light.
SBiddfes which—
ly to live according to the Law.
"Earth   could   not  answer;     nor  the
Seas that mourn
In flowing Purple, of their Lord forlorn;
Nor rolling Heaven, with all his Signs
And .hidden by the Sleeve of Night
and Morr.
"Riddles over which the wise men of
the ages pored and pondered; in the
light of determinism will melt like
morning mist and bo seen to be no
riddles at all. "The Master-knot of
Human Fate" will be unravelled; the
Door to which old Omar could find no
Key will be unlocked.
Then Indeed we will be seen to be
"Magic Shadow-shapes tnat come and
Sound with this Sun-Illumined Lantern held
In Midnight by the Master of the
And to the Master, too, we shall
-find the clue. Environment, the Master, shaping and moulding and breaking and remoulding us and all things.
Jillghty,   measureless,   cold,  unerring.
■"This Is its touch upon the blossomed
The fashion of its hand-shaped lotus
Jn  dark  soil  and  the  silence  of  the
The robe of Spring It weaveB."
■That Is its painting on the glorfous
And these its emeralds on the peacock's train;
It has its stations in  the stars;    its
In lightning, wind, and rain."
■"Out of the dark it wrought the heart
of man,
Out of dull shells tbe pheasant's pencilled neck;
Ever at toil, it brings to loveliness
All ancient wrath and wreck."
•"It  spreadeth    forth   for   flight    the
eagle's wings,
What  time  she  beareth  home  her
prey;   it Bends
The she-wolf to her cubs; for unloved
It flndeth food and friends."
"It is not marred  or stayed  ln  any
All llketh it;   the sweet white milk
That divorce court judge in England seems quite an original person,
for a judge, which, so far as we know,
is altogether without precedent in the
annals of jurisprudence. In fact he
is really an imprudent jurist, for he
goes the length of telling the truth,
"to the best of his knowledge and belief, s' 'elp me." He says there is no
religious aspect to the marriage and
divorce proposition, which is a rankly
anarchistic statement for a judge to
make. Further, he. volunteers ihe
opinion that while a wife must always be a paragon of unsullied womanhood, there is nothing very alarm-
ling in a husband falling down once
ln a while; more, that it might be
regarded as purely accidental, whicli
is absolutely a new one to us.
It appears to us that the still small
voice of Property must have spoken in
that judge's ear. For it is a property
proposition, sure enough. A man's
wife is his property. If he is your
husband, he is your ownei.
It is on record that when a certain
man of the tribe of Lothario was on
trial for bigamy, the second captive
of his bow and spear was heard to
ejaculate, with some heat: "If lie
ain't my husband, what right has he
got to beat me?" And that, with
modifications, is about the size of it
all the way through.
We have woven considerable romance and no little rot about our
sex relations, hut when we get down
to bed-rock It shows up to be dominated by the system of barter and sale
that Is the prevailing religion in other
walks of life. The woman is a ware,
a commodity. And man is the buyer.
Economically 'she is, on the whole, dependent on the man for her living,
and the conventionally accepted manner in which she is to get that living
la by marrying him. Consequently he
has an edge on the bargain, and
wants, and can get, the best of it. He
may he considerable of a blackguard,
but she must be of virgin purity, or.
at any rate, must not have been found
out. In fact, a man who has not sown
some wild oats ls generally regarded
as a spiritless creature. But Imagine
a woman with a similar record offering herself In the marriage market!
Even while the daughters of I.llllth
are irretrievably outcast, the men who
patronize them are In no way sullied.
Whicli Is a wise provision, for otherwise there would be an appalling
scarcity of marriageable men.
Withal, we make a great show, with
the assistance of the novelists, who,
however, have to make a living by
it, to exalt woman to the semblance
of divinity. Judged by results, we
have certainly made her supremely
ridiculous, possibly even more so than
ourselves. Now she has to learn all
sorts of arts and graces. To bandage
her body almost out of all semblance
of human and healthful ahape. To
wear painfully minimized shoes and
unblushlngly exaggerated hair. To
bend a potentially intelligent mind to
the abstruse intricacies of frocks,
frills and futile conversation.
But we can't help it and she doesn't
want to. Property rules and must be
obeyed, or destroyed. Only when property rule has been overthrown, will
we discover that our divinity, woman,
Is quite human and very like a n.an
(Continued from Page 1)
record of any crown land, or sell any
portion thereof, or grant authority
under the said Act. to record or divert
any water from the natural channel
of any stream, lake or river in this
province, to auy but the Caucasian
race." (This amendment had been
previously moved by Hayward (Cowichan) and withdrawn by him at the
request of McBride and Bowser, and
Hawthornthwaite immediately took It
ni). and moved It in his own name.)
Defeated.    (Clarion, March 19.)
To amend the Municipal Clauses
Act by adding the following sub-section: "30c. From any organization
known as a Citizens' Alliance, Development League. Boosters'-Club, or
similar public nuisance, a sum not
less than $1000 for every six months."
Defeated. (Clarion, March 19.) Only
the two Socialists voted for it.
To amend the Coal Mines Regulation Act by adding the following:
"Where an inspector has reason to
believe that a dangerous condition exists In any mine by reason of the approach of workings to old or abandoned workings, he shall at once report to the minister of mines. Upon
receipt of such report, the chief inspector shall, under Instructions from
the minister of mines, make an examination of the districts affected, and
direct mining operations, or issue directions governing such operations, in
said districts affected, until such dangerous condition is removed or overcome."    Accepted and  passed.
To amend the Coal Mines Regulation Act by adding the following as a
new section: "Section 2 of C', 47 of
tne Statutes of 1889 is hereby repealed and the following substituted therefor: All inspectors under this Act
shall he elected by the workmen employed underground in the district
over which such Inspector presides."
Defeated. Ayes — Williams, Hawthornthwaite, and the two Liberals.
To amend the Act to Ratify the
Agreement with the E. & N. Ry. Co.
in such a manner as to include all persons who had occupied or improved
land previous to 1887. (The Act grants
to the E. & N. Co. 20,000 acres of
land as compensation for the lands
they lost under the famous Settlers'
Rights Act. The amendment was introduced to prevent a recurrence
of that trouble.) Defeated. Ayes—
Williams, Hawthornthwaite, Jardine.
Nays—All the Conservatives except
absentees Shaw, Watson, McKenzie,
Braden, Callanan, Miller, Jackson,
Shatford, Wm. J, Manson, McGowan,
Young,    Ellison.
Mackay, Parson. ^^^^^^^^^^^^
To reduce the grant to the Salvation Army from $20,000 to 12 cents.
Defeated. Ayes—Williams and Hawthornthwaite. Nays—Watson, Fraser,
McKenzie, Manson (Comox), W. Man-
son (Skeena), Tlsdall, Jackson, Cawley, Bowser, McBride, Cotton, Ross,
Shatford, Thomson, Behnsen, Hunter,
Taylor, McGowan, Hayward, MeGuire,
To reduce the grant to the Militia
from $1500 to 12 cents. Ayes—Williams and Hawthornthwaite. Nays-
Watson, Fraser, W. Manson (Skeena). Tisdall, Wright, Callanan, Jackson, Miller, Cawley, Bowser, Cotton,
Ross, Thomson, Hunter, Manson
(Dewdney). Ellison, Young, Taylor,
McGowan, Gifford, MeGuire, Mackay,
To amend the C. N. Pac. Bill to
compel the company to have a terminus in Alberni. Defeated. (Clarion, March 12.)
To'amend the same Bill by striking
out the words "Lieutenant-Governor
in Council" in clause 37 and substi
tute the words "Provincial Legislature," thus forcing the company to apply to the latter body for permission
to amalgamate with another company.
Defeated. (Clarion, March 12.) Ayes
Williams and Hawthornthwaite.
Nays—Shaw, Watson, Fraser, Braden,
Brewster, Jardine, Manson (Skeena),
Tlsdall, Wright, Bowser, McBride,
Cotton, McPhlllips, Schofield, Behnsen, Hunter, Ellison, Taylor, McGow-
in. Parson.
To amend the same Bill by striking
out the land grants for terminal and
townslte purposes In clause 13(d).
Defeated.    (Clarion,  March  12.)
To amend the Act to Incorporate
the City of Prince Rupert, by abos-
lslilng the property qualification tor
mayor, and for voters at the first municipal election, and to give the city
control of Its own water supply. All
the amendments were defeated. (Clarion, March 12.)
The Dyking Assessment Amending
Act was forced to a vote on the third
reading by the Socialists, as increasing taxation on the farmer which did
not appear in the public accounts, and
should be paid out of the consolidated
fund. Noes—Williams, Hawthornthwaite.   Ayes—The two Liberals and
8ATURDAY,  MARCH  26,  1910,
or mineral, is broken or extracted in
carrying on mining operations.") Defeated.
An Act to amend the Labor Regulation Act, 1910. (To extend the 8-
hotir law for smelters to all employees engaged in any work in which
they are brought into contact" with
either smoke, fumes, du6t or heat arising from smelting or mining operations.)    Defeated.
An Act respecting Compensation to
Workmen for Accidental Injuries suffered ln the course of their Employment. (Allowed to be discussed, but
declared out of order, as being beyond the power of a private member
to introduce.)
An Act to amend the Shops Regulation Act, 1900. (Lays down the
hours shops shall close, one half-
holiday weekly, four all-day holidays
yearly on New Year's Day. Xmas
Day, Easter Monday, May Day; removes the control from municipalities and places it under the Act, and
provides a penalty not exceeding $60
or one month imprisonment for breach
the law.) Defeated.
An' Act to Establish a General
Eight-hour Day. (Provides for eight-
hour day in all industries not already
regulated by law, with a penalty on
employers or their agents of a sum
not more than $100 nor less than $20
for each person working over eight
hours. The penalty applies to workmen also.)    Defeated.
An Act to amend the Health Act.
(Provides for the sanitary inspection
of "logging. lumber, railway, sawmill,
mill, and mining camps" during the
months of January, May and September of each year; a report of the sanitary condition and water supply to be
turned in to Ihe provincial board of
health.)    Defeated.
An   Act   to   Prevent   Discrimination
Against   Members   of   Trade   Unions.
What the Capitalist Members Have
Wm. Manson (Skeena) introduced
the following Bills: An Act to Incorporate the Queen Charlotte Ry.
Co.; an Act to Incorporate the Anglican Synod for the District of Columbia; an Act to Incorporate the
Columbia and Alaska Ry. Co.; an Act
to revive, ratify and confirm the incorporation of the Graham Island Ry.
| Fraser (Caiiboo) introduced Acts to
incorporate the B. C. and Alaska Ry.
Co. and the Cariboo, Barkerville and
Willow River Ry. Co.
Miller (Grand Forks) Introduced an
Act to Incorporate the Northern B. C.
Telephone   Co.,   and   an   Act   respect-
Taylor,    Hayward,  ,ng the Greai West permanent Loan
Ross (Fernie) introduced his fake
Bi-monthly Payday BUI, which is limited to concerns paying not less than
$50,000 monthly in wages, and has no-
penalty attached. It was defeated on
the last day of the session.
Shatford (Simllkameen) Introduced
an Act to incorporate the Penticton
Ry. Co., which was opposed by the Socialists.
Thomson (Victoria) introduced an
Act respecting an agreement between
the B. C. Electric Co. and City of Victoria; an Act to incorporate the Northern Vancouver Island Ry. Co.; an
Act to incorporate the B. C, Mainland
and Industrial Co. (The latter opposed by the Socialists, as not In the
interests of the citizens of Prince Rupert.)
Behnsen   (Victoria)—An   Act     confirming  and   ratifying  the  Incorporation of the Campbell River Power Co.
Davey   (Victoria)—Act     respecting
the Salvation Army.
McGowan (Vancouver)—Acts to incorporate the Port Moody, Indian River and Northern Ry. Co.; the B. C
Packers' Association; the Island Valley Ry. Co.; and to revive the Vancouver and Nicola Valley Ry. Co.
Gifford (New Westminster)—An
Act to incorporate the Comox Logging and Ry. Co.
Hayward (Cowichan)—An Act to incorporate the Menzles Bay Ry. Co.;
and an Act respecting the powers of
the Municipality of Oak Bay.
Tisdall (Vancouver) — Introduced
some eight corporation Bills; Bowser,
the attorney-general, some 31, some
merely of an administrative nature,
and none of a nature calculated to
benefit the workers; in some instances, as in the Coroner Act, Factories Act, and Companies Act, leaving them in a worse position than before.
The following Conservatives rarely
spoke, introduced no legislation of
any kind, but kept one sleepy eye on
McBride or Bowser for the cue as to
how they were to vote:
Shaw, Watson, McDonald, McKenzie, Braden, Manson (Comox),
Wright, Callanan, Jackson, Cawley,
Caven,   McPhlllips,   Cotton   (the   last
ggu~ Every Local of the Socialist Party of
Canada should run a card under this bead
$1.00 per month.     Secrelariei pleaae note.
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. O. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meeta every alternate
Monday. D. (3. McKenile, Secretary,
Box  836,  Vancouver,  B. C.
Committee, Socialist Party of Can
ada. Meeta every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflet). Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement In the province.
V.    Oxtoby,     Sec, Box      647      Calgary, Alta.
1.00*1,      BETELSTOn,      BO S J *>
Propaganda and business meetlffirTat
U& Ta7.orSu"-rf,-eatareen,-Sp£&
tary.    W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer
X-OOA* UBTIMXXX VO. 10, ■. ». Off
C.    Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. In headquarters on First Ave-
Itiiti, William*. Sec, Leclyimith, B. C
tlve Committee. Meets flrst and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary wlll be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
8. Cumiiiiiig*!., nrgiuiizer; W. H Stebblngs,
3i6(tood St , Winnipeg, Man.
Committee. Meets ln Labor Temple, ity
«:hurch St.. Toronto, on 1st and 3rd
Wednesdays, Organizer, W. Gribble, 134
Hogarth Ave., Toronto. P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape Ave.
tlve Committee, Socialist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKln-
non's, Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane,
Secretary, Box 13, Olace Bay, N. S.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Kdgett's Store, 161 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
LOOAL 1KOTXX,  B. n    HO. 30—mm-ji
LOCAL BOMLAMB. No. SS, 0. 9. 01* 0-,
meets ln Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:80 p. m. li Campbell, Secy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Finlanders' Hall. Sundaya at
7:30 p, m. A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
766 Rossland, B. C.
every   Friday   evening  at   8   p.m.,   tn
Miners'   Hall.    Nelson,   B.   C.      C    A
Organizer; I. A. Austin, Secy.
LOOAL PMOENZX, NO. 8. 8. *. 07 0-,
meets -every Sunday at «::.() p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Matt Holiday, Organizer.     H.   K.  Maclnnls,  Secretary.
of C. Meetings every Sunday at 8
p.m. In the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
Eighth Ave. E. (near postofflce).   Club
and   Reading  Room.     Labor  Hall, T. H
u0Mach 11     Box 647.     Secretary,    A.   Mac
iiald, Organizer,    Box 647.
P  of  C,   meets   every  first   and   third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town HalL
J. Oliphaut, Secretary.
NO.    a.
LOCAL   VANCOUVER,   B.   0.,    NO.    46.
Finnish. Meets every second and
fourth Thursdays in the month at 161
Hastings St. W.    Secretary, Win. Mynttl
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 6 p.m. Propoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre.     K.   Thomas,   secretary.
LOOAL NANAIMO, NO. «, I. P. of O.,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
ln Foresters Hall. Bualness meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clock|
Jack  Place,  Rec.  Secy.,  Box  826.
Meets every Sunday night in tha
Miners' Hall and Opera House at I
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
P. of C. Headquarters 622 First St,
Business and propaganda meetings
every Thursday at 7:30 p.m. sharp.
Our Reading Room Is open to the public free, from 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. daily.
F. Blake 649 Athabasca Ave., Secretary-Treasurer, T. Blssett, 322 Fourth
St., Organizer.
quartcra, Kerr's Hall, lao i-a Adelaide Htree
opp.Robliii Hotel. Business meeting every
Sunday morning 11 a. ra. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Everybody welcome.      Secretary, J, w   Hilling,
vjm Young Ut;  Organizer,   I».   McDuugall,  414
Jarvis St.
LOCAL   PBRNIB,   B.   P.   ef   O,   HOLD!
educational meetings In the Miner**'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernie,
every Sunday evening at 7:46. Business meeting first Sunday ln each
month, same place at 2:3(3 p m
D.'vkl I'atuu, Secy, Box 101
C, meets every Sunday in Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
. month     Geo   H ti'liertuu.   organizer;  K  J
Campbell, Secretary, Box 124.
of O.—Business meetings 2nd and 4th
Wednesdays in-the month, at the Labor
Temple, Church St. Propaganda meetings every Sunday at 3:$| o'clock at
tho Labor Temple. Speakers' class
every Thursday at  8:00 o'clock   at Labor
Temp e. J.   Stewart,   Secretary,
62 Seaton St.
LOOAL  OTTAWA, NO. «,  ■.  P.   OP  O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday la
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. in Roberta-
Allan Hall, 78 RIdeau St. A. U. Mc
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
C, meets every eeeoMd and lest Friday in
encli month. That-. Cheney, Secretary, Box
127, Vernon, B.C.
53, B. P. of O.—Meets every Sunday ln
hall in Empress Theatre Block at 8:00
p.   m.    Angus   Mclver,   Secretary.
LOCAL MARA, B. C, NO. 34, B. P. of O.
Meets first Sunday in evory month in
Socialist Hall, Mara, 2:30 p.m. Cyril
Itosoman, Recording Secretary.
LOOAL   COBALT,   NO.   t,   •.   P.   OP   O.
Propaganda and business meetings
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. ln Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box.  446.
LOOAL   BBBLXN,   ONT.,   NO.   4,   ».   P.
of O, meets every second and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at 8 p.m., 66
King   St.   E.,   opposite   Market   Hotel.
V. a. Huilz, Sec, y-5 West Lancaster Street.;
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. in Macdon-
ald's hall, Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland, Organizer, New Aberdeen; H. G.
Ross, Financial Secretary, office tn I).
N. Brodle Printing Co. building, Union
oVCViH       .ftuil-RS" or ^
'.Its?    N K,C CVCiA***'
WaM WDrkfirS wh°Und»rstand
S° nU,W,awh.tS0CIALI8ll
maani are u.ubIIj aoclallato. Bailor look Into
to.qu-.tloo lor rourael<. Writ, roor addr-M
on tb.lln.i below, mall m the coupon with 10
centa, and rou will nt a hnndrad-pu. lllui-
!£*. .ff"?*.11*** *""1. a «8.pe« Uluatrated book
that will help you d.clde r.rr qulcklj which
aide you cere on,
R-nJ -., iwo-c.nl ttampi.   Addr-M
Curl" H- tm a Co, 134 Kkiile St, GMca-o,
60c per year
Two tor a dollar
Six months 26c.
Published at Cowstisville, P.O.
What all married people and
those contemplating marriage,
ought to know. By W. K. C.
Larson, M. D.; and John Cowan,
M. D. *3.00 by mail. Dr!
Browne's True Marriage Guide,
$1.50 by mail.
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
Land For Sale
100 acres in N. Enderby district, Okanagan Valley. Finest
agricultural land in the province.
The best to be obtained for fruit
hay and vegetables.
In blocks to suit at $40 per
acre, net. % mile from new railway station, % mile from school.
River frontage. Enough dry
wood on property to pay for clearing. Socialist neighbors. For
full particulars apply to
Bernard Rosoman
Enderby B. C.
all   the   Conservatives   except  absen-  two, It Is fair to say, never went to
tees   Watson,   Callanan,   Cawley,   Caven,  McBride,  Schofield, Qifford, Jlc-
Guire, Mackay, Davey.
Labor Bills Introduced and DEFEATED on Thursday, March 8.
An Act to amend the Inspection of
Metallfeious   Mines   Act,   1899.     (To
extend    the   8-hour   law   for   underground   workers   to  workers  in   any
shaft,  tunnel, pit, quarry, gloryhole,
or any opening from which ore, rock
sleep!), Schofield, Hunter, Manson
(Dewdney), MeGuire, Mackay, Parson.
Although they did nothing else, they
amply justified the wisdom of their
constituents by enthusiastically voting down every bill and amendment
introduced by the Socialists in the interests of the working class of the
province, which' was. not desired by
the government.
J. H. B.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'clock
City Hall
Vancouver B. C.
Tb'* Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec., Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Charter   (with    necessary    supplies to start Local)  $5.00
Membership   Cards,  each    01
Dues Stamps, each It
Platform  and  application  blank
per 100   26
Ditto in Finnish, per 100 60
Ditto In Ukrainian, per 100 50
Ditto in Italian, per 100     -.60
Constitutions, each 20
Ditto, Finnish, per doien 50
Receipts and expenditures 12 months
•ending 31st December, "909.
Sale of Constitutions $    5.50
Sale of cards, etc 92
Sale  of  stamps    171.15
Sale of charters       15.00
Collections,   O'Brien's   meetings  31.00
Bal. from Fulcher's tour      9.35
Warrant books         1-50
Bal. Pro. organization  fund      8.65
Cash on hand 1st Jan., 1909....   23.35
"Western  Clarion, ad.  space $ 7.00
W. J. Donnovan, election fund. 1.75
Stamps  purchased     80.00
Lestor's visit     6.35
O'Brien's visit    45.00
Advertising      10-50
Organizing     13.00
Literature     17.87
May Day deficit  4.00
Fulcher's  expenses     27.00
Postage  and exchange  4.13
Books     2.00
Red Deer contribution  2.50
Bal. forward,  1910    45.82
Yours  In  Revolt,
Thanks for Clarion list. You watch
us. That $100.00 is just as good as
lost to you people.'
Looks very much like another election in Alta., Eh?
How are the subs, coming In from
Winnipeg? We sot those receipt
books distributed among the boys
and Jim Thompson is sending them
in. We should have a sub. list of 500
here soon.
Armstrong Is all right. I don't
know what you can do to help him
out except turn "revisionist." He is
Red and a fighter. That is all that
ails him.
The enclosed list Is a sample of a
letter we are sending to all sympathizers.
Campaign  Fund.
Local Sointula, B. C, per John
Rivers     $   7.20
Local Canmore, says it's a little  16.30
Local Calgary, with more to follow          3.00
Local Vancouver, said they were
broke        25.00
Local  Brantford,  Ont.,   we  are
with you In the fight      2.00
S. Moen, Kimberley, B. C      1.00
have a backing, and be able to express themselves aloud, and their masters would think twice before trying
to stop them.
A word of warning, however. Even
Socialist Publishing houses print stuff
that is not ln keeping with the clear
cut ideas of this Party and care should
be exercised before putting out literature and if anything should escape
the eye of the literature committee
they should be at once notified.
To know If the book or pamphlet Is
giving out the right stuff, is to become clear yourself, and the best way
to accomplish this, according to the
experience of this Local Is to Institute an economic or speakers class.
Every Local worthy of the name
should investigate this idea, and this
Local will be glad to give all (lie
hint3 It has available. We would suggest that If there is a Local that feels
It is not financially able to take a
share in the Kerr Publishing Co., that
they may write the Ontario Provincial secretary, P. C. Young, 940 Pape
avenue, who will furnish the above
company's literature at a very little
above cost.
Trusting you will find space for the
above in the columns of the Clarion,
and with best wishes, I remain,
i       Yours in revolt,
Fin. Secy. Pro Tern.
Copy of report of auditing coi'>mlttee
of librarian Local 24, Toronto, Ont.
Receipts    .124*1.49
Disbursements for   books   and
payers     221.29
Balance on hand   $ 22.20
Outstanding   accounts $ 64.98
Stock  on  hand;   books  to  the
amount   of     55.61
Value  of books  in  Circulating
Library        14.90
signed, Arthur Taylor,
Yours in Revolt,
Dear Comrade: —
At the regular business meeting of
Local No. 24 on the 23rd Inst, I was
instructed to forward the finding of
the auditing committee of the librarian, the same as enclosed, as an ex
ample of what a Local can and should
do in propagating Socialism by the
printed word.
The project was started by the formation of a literature committee with
a donation of $10.00 from the LocpI
funds for a shareholder's stock In
the Kerr Publishing Co., and with no
further financial assistance, can show
for 58 weeks, receipts to tho value
of $243.49 and bills receivable and
stock to the value of $135.49, a total
value of $378.98.
This had only been accomplished by
the co-operation of all the members
who have hustled around and can-
• vassed individually and at all meeting, indoor and out.
This method of propaganda is most
suitable to small places where the exercising of the glorious rights of free
speech when persisted in against the
interests of the dominant class means
jail or exile.
I venture to express as my opinion,
that if every Local was to get down
to business in this direction in the
same proportion there would soon be
something doing, and they would then
Editor  Clarion —
The following Is written for the exclusive benefit of those Comrades In
the Party who show a decided tendency to run off the rails, and I hope
they will take notice and try to benefit by the same. It cannot be too
strongly insisted that it Is our duty
to keep the Party as straight and
clear-cut as possible. Our fight against
capitalism is too big a proposition to
allow of any strife within the Party,
the same being the outcome mainly
of petty jealousy, and is valuable time
and energy wasted which could be
used to better advantage ln storming
the strongholds of capital. There is
no force works to greater advantage
in tending to utterly disorganize a Local, and to nullify its fighting strength
than continual strife within. The following is intended to show some of
the reasons why there Is such strife,
and how utterly foolish it is when it
Is all summed up.
First, In forming a Local it is the
usual thing that they be all Socialists, but some people think this is not
entirely necessary; in the event of
the latter being the case, It is a good
idea to have one or two thoroughgoing Reds, as they come in handy to
bully and badger about occasionally,
on account of their being too revolutionary to suit the Ideas of some.
Then as to literature, books like
"The Penny Bun, and Its Vital Significance to Socialists," or "Pinchbeck
Jewelry: a Study ln Economics," are
splendid propaganda. Here is where
you will clash with the real Red section; they will be sure to object to
these brilliant works, and may even
go so far as to designate them as twaddle. You should push every other paper but The Clarion, as this naturally helps out the deficit of same, besides keeping the circulation up,
Your next step wlll be to revise the
Constitution and amend the By-laws
to suit yourselves. If you think the
Constitution will be alright, you want
to waste the time of your meeting by
passing a lot of silly resolutions, to
put the seal of your approval on it.
And, by the way, you should always
take a dig at the Dominion Executive,
and question their right to do certain
things; one fruitful cause of trouble
with them' ls they're always putting
the stamp on their correspondence upside down, or maybe Mac signs his
name at the bottom of his communications; you should question hla right
to do this, as it will tend to stop officialism.
For the benefit of some Comrades,
I suggest to the Editor the advisability of issuing a monthly paper, containing sound, helpful resolutions for
the benefit of those who have a penchant that way; an appropriate title
would be:   The Resolutlonlst.
It is thought best to elect a new
secretary, organizer, etc., every other
meeting, Instead of yearly; this tends
to relieve Ihe monotony. Finally,
when you have elected your officers,
you want to tie them up with all Borts
of restrictions and hamper them in
every possible way—this gives them
If you have any members who uro
liable to make good Bpeakei'B, you
should never give Ihem a chance to
speak, as they miiy get conceited, and
besides, it Ib not fair to those who
cannot and never con Id speak; it
hurts. Should you bo lenient und allow them to speak, you want to win Hi
them closely, for fear they should ex
plolt the movement to their own nd
vantage. The plirnae, "exploit the
movement," Is one I huve very often
heard applied to the wrong person,
and Is generally used by somo Comrade (?) who Is Jealous of the success
i of another; lt Is a very successful way
to put the kibosh on a young and enthusiastic Comrade who makes a hotter showing than yourself.
Some Comrades I have run up
against seem to have a bee In their
bonnet, anent speakers. Although
they may have some of the finest raw
material in-their Local, that only
needs licking into shape to make excellent speakers, they will strenuously oppose bringing them forward and
making them speak. This sort gener
ally has the idiotic Idea that anybody
from their own locality can never be
any good as a speaker; why, I don't
know, and I don't believe they do
themselves. But, anyway, they like
"noted" speakers,.which means ln all
probability someone from the next
town or province.
Another helpful way of furthering
the Cause ls to form cliques In the Local, one clique to spend Its time bucking into the other, or, for a change,
join forces and buck those Comrades
who really have got the movement at
heart, and not their own personal aggrandizement. Backbiting, tale-bearing, and back-stabbing ln all Its forms,
you should practice plentifully, as
this tends to cement and consolidate
the Local.
There is a curious belief among
some Comrades, which I myself have
heard expressed, that a knowledge of
economics grows on one with age, just
as whiskers do. For example, if one
Comrade has been ten years in the
Party, he would know five times as
much as one who had only been two
years in the Party, regardless of the
fact that the member of two years'
standing may learn and know more
in that time than the one of (en years'
standing could ever absorb In a lifetime, if at all. This idea is of course
sheer windy humbug, anil only shows
the crass Ignorance of the man who
makes use of such a puerile notion.
Finally. I should like to say that all
Socialists who call each othe- Comrade should stiive to make that Comradeship a REAL thing, and not a
mere hollow name. Hoping that these
few lines will accomplish the result
they were written for, I am,
Yours  In  full revolt,
Dear  Comrade,—
Editorially dealt with in The Clarion, Jan. 22nd, is the question of wages
and prices; mention Is also made of
a correspondent from Roecliffe—the
city of Roecliffe—which the editor has
apparently never heard of. It consists
of one log house, log barn, granary,
chicken house, etc. The editor of The
clarion believes himself to be a selenitic Socialist, I guess. In one respect, then, the editor and the city of
Roecliffe are alike.
I live in the Roecliffe district, am
not the correspondent mentioned, hut
have the same "mental affliction" as
he, viz., I believe that a rise ln wages does not Interfere with the prices
of commodities. Poor Marx! What
a good Job he ls dead, or he would
have been classed with us, but what
a pity for "scientific Socialists" thai
he bad that horrible knack of leaving
Irrefutable proof to bear out his statements. I quote from him: "A general
rise ln the rate of wages would result
in a fall of the general rate of profit,
but broadly speaking, not affect the
prices of commodities." (The blackface is mine.) Value price aud profit,
last page.
I will not attempt to deal with the
production I refer to, statement by
statement; it would take too much
space, besides which, I am afraid the
task is beyond me—lt is such a conglomeration of fact and fiction.
The editor admits that the capitalists cannot raise the prices of commodities at will; that being so, by
what means are they enabled to return to the laborers the same amount
ot commodities for a greater amount
of wages? Only by a spontaneous rise
of those commodities which the wage-
earners buy. Now let. us see whether
such a rise could take place.
It is a fact that wage-earners must
spend their wages on necessaries. We
Will assume, then, that the rise is
spent on them. (We are considering
a general rlBe in wages.) This extra
money being spent on necessaries will
cause the price to rise temporarily
through the greater demand; this rise
in price will have thu effoct of curtailing any waste that Is taking place
In the houses of the rich, which will
reduce tho demand somowhut.
Now let ub boo how a general rise
In wages would iitTecl tho capitalists.
Theme who produced iici'onhhiIoh would
I"'   ' ei|ll|H'IIMlteil. Ol'   pill 11)   CtltllpOllBilt-
ed, by u rime In their euiiiiuodlUcH, for
a llllle at lilst Mill Walt of those
Who produced luiurlvH, eomiiiiidllluH
which wore entirely mil uf tho roach
ot (he wage workerB? pearl nock-
lari's. illiiiiiiinil i Inns, utllniiiiilillcH, ele.
I And there urn a gioat ninny uf them,
since hull fHtllH Of tile product of label r.nes to not more Hum mie llflh of
Ihe population.) They OOUld nut MB'
pinnate UioiiihoIvok for the iIhii III wages, hy u iIbo In their iiiiiimudllloB,
■ln.ee there hud been no extra iliimnnd
on thu eiiulrury, owing lo ihe decreased purchasing power of tho hulk of the
capitalist! iub a consequence of the
rise In wagesl mid the higher price of
uci'SHitiicB (temporary) they would
have less to upend on luxuries, and
the demand would full off, bo I hut Ihey
would lose, not only by the amount of
the line lu wages, but III the compound
rutin of Ihe rise In wages, the fall In
the price of lheir commodities, und
the rise lu the price of nocesHiirles.
This would bring about a shining of
capital, from the Icbb remunerative
(luxury producing) to tho more renin
uerutlve (necessury producing) branches of industry. This shifting of capital would go on until supply equalled
ilemuud in all branches of Indus,ry,
und profits were again equalized.
Where a rise In wages has taken
place, only In a particular Industry,
the rise In the prices of necessaries
would be almost nil, for supply has a
way of meeting a small extra demand.
If the rise was ln the "luxury" department of Industry, the goldsmith,
say, the result to the owners of capital in that Industry would be that
tliey would find their profits decreased, capital would then be withdrawn
as stated above.
If production was carried on in
small competing factories and shops,
those whose cost of production was
above the average would be forced,
by the fall In profits, and lack of demand as a consequence, to sell out.
If, on the other hand, the Industry was
trustified, a fall in the rate of profit
would cause a spontaneous fall ln the
quantity of capital; just as a rise ln
the rate of profit causes stocks to advance In price, and those "wicked"
capitalists to water their stock. Production would also be curtailed, so
that supply and demand again balanced. Thus capital would be reduced and
profits though smaller In amount would
not have fallen below the average rate
of profit.
Quite a different state of affairs to
what our editor depicts, viz., the price
of the commodities rising, to produce
more profit, so that profits in all Industries should be equal. This is absurd, since in that case commodities
(In our instance, jewelry) would be
selling above their value; competition would then speedily reduce them
to their value. Hut even supposing
jewelry did rise In price, that would
not affect the wages of the goldsmiths in the least, or the benefit they
derived from them, since pearl necklaces, etc., are not classed as necessaries, nor are they possible purchases of the wage-worker.
Whether the workers spend part of
their wages on luxuries or not does
not in the least affect this matter.
To draw the line between luxuries
and necessaries Is an Impossibility,
since what one person considers a necessity, another colliders a luxury. Tobacco, to some. Is a luxury; to others,
a necessity, and to others again a vile
habit. Have you ever Been a bunch of
men without tobacco, and 100 miles
from any? If so, you know that to
them tobacco Is a necessity. Tables
and chairs; are they necessary? The
Japanese do without ihem. I consider
therefore, for the sake of simplification, that everything the workers can
buy are nocessurieB.
Whatever difference (i rise in wages (either general or restricted)
makes to the prices of commodities
would be caused by supply and demand, and "supply and demand regulate nothing but the temporary fluctuations of market prices." (I again
quote from "Value Price and Profit,"
p. 45, 10c editm.) After the shifting
of capital described above, the prices
of all commodities would resume their
former level. Thus the workers "Would
gain by the full amount of the rise in
wages, less the temporary rise of necessaries.
I agree with the editor when he says
that rises in wages follow rises in
prices, and do not succeed in following very closely. That is quite true.
It is also true that the wage-workers
cannot get any appreciable real rise
in wages (I say real rise to distinguish from apparent rise, which ls frequently only keeping the price of labor power up to its value. When necessaries rise, from any cause, wages
must rise or the real wages have fallen), but that does not say that If they
could the rise would be no good to
Let us consider the root of the fal-
acy that a rise ln wages causes a corresponding rise in prices.   It *•>  ,r'ie
that wages frequently rise w tb coi
modltles and fall with them.   In    .-
riodB of bad trade, when markt .   am
stocked, and supply greater than  demand, the prices of commodities are
low;  labor power is cheap also, from
the  same  reason  as other     -muiodl-
tiOB, viz., nn over-stocked market.   Labor power at these times Is frequently
sold  below Its  value.    In  periods of
good I rade when the old stock is consumed, demand Ib good, und prices are
high; ihe demand for men (labor pu, ■
er) Ib good, and they are able to de-j
niuiiil a higher rule of wages.    It ""<"
to he Hint wugo-workera could get     i
times of good tiiiile. a wage slight
above   value;   this   extra  they   OOUld
keep  to  help  them  out  when  tlm  i
were bud,   Hut iih capitalism advance:
there Ih iiii uversiipply of labor power
practically   everywhere,   nnd     II   the
time;  thus the workers . •■■ <     ' ,e to
get mora than tholr value wb i    i.."1<*
Ih good und still must accept leu    u
their value when trade Ih bad:   ."hcii,'li
wages   rise  with   prices,  tho  line   In
prices Is not consequent upon u r, c  in
wages, but the whole movement u> a
result of Inequality in supply and de-
*fCere and Tfow
By •• LLBDSl'
For the past four or Ave months tha
Marion account bnlnncn has been on
thi  right side.    However, lor tho In-
form, 'bin of all readers and hustlers
(ALL readers sliou d be sub. hustlers)
ad    nt lcms In  Hlsjit fir this long
hnog y    month,    lt means that you
'v 111  on*   iitiBv  ns  soon  m you  read
' il    and Hood the unrlon officii with
i he . ei i:,ai> number of new subs, to
' vlpe  out the  sforosald deficit,    Wa
' h'tic: id  ry nnd keep ahead as much aa
pen Iiii   now In preparation for tha
i    ul Black nonths of summer.   Don't
ui ; ect this.
•   •   •
n-'rnd E Maynard's renewal for
i > cur, and a new yearly, arrlvos from
Brani'ord, Ont.
Three mure citizens of Uncle Sam
wi    gi t it chance to study (he real
lib.  . per Comrade Clarence V. Hoar,
I'm11 n<l.   Maine   who alao orders a
bur I     of 25 coplos for himself.
inanil und so is only temporary
My  object  In   wrltln     'hi",   rathe-' -unch of four subs, to hand from
long, and, 1 nm ufrald, tec on,, letter] *- J a,1e A- F' Cobb' Okotoks, Alta.,
Ib not to boost up trade uni ni...u lwr "n s,llt nrder as nel" **■ •■> Clarion.
(for that ls on its death-bed), b t is] >'* u alright.)
simply and solely In the interest o. th( i
Socialist Party. When a man Is >'.d|
that trade unions are out of date. .
that the benefits he can get froi, |
i hem are bo small that they are ah, st
unnotlceable, he cannot refute want
is said. But if he is told that, If
through his union he could vais'i his
wages, he would be no better off lie
would most likely loc!, ,t his inform-
ant, think, then walk uwny and to" his
mates that that cooi was bught u>o;
and If said coon had t"*' *"* tiat hi*
was a Socialist, he 'ould class all F,o-
cialists the same.
Yours In llfi '
Have you forgotten the voters' list?
• •   •
jini:idt R. T. Matthews orders a
: ,nind volume of The Clarion for 1909
us well ao sending in a list of six new
subs, ,-oni Calgary, Alta.
• »   •
Comrade Jan. Thomson comes along
will, hi.= usual pair.
It having thus been sa'i > u illy demonstrated that a rise iu wa :c8 would
not be counteracted by a cu. responding rise in prices, the law of •.aim ij
longer applies to labor power, nn t'ia
economist of Soho is confounded bj e
economist of Roecliffe. Poor ,\lt:
That coon was bughouse too—Mc.
A hunch of four  from  Prince  Rupert, B. C, to the credit of Comrade
Angus Mclver of that G. T. P. burg.
•   *   •
Coi. trade Harold Machell, Matsqul,
n c., -ijnews for a year and of course
does not forget to enclose a new year-
1:  with it.
Comrade J. H. and other readers
would no doubt like to know something about the production of gold, for
doubtless It ls the cause of "rising
The following la from "Everybody's
Magazine" for April:
From 1855 to 1875 the world's coinage of gold decreased from 135 million
dollars In 1855 to 97M. million In 1875.
Hut this decrease did not effect prices
at once; it was not until 1880 that
prices started to fall to any great extent. From 1880 to 1900 may be called a period of low prices.
From 1880 to 1909 the coinage of
gold increased from I06M: million dollars in 1880 to over i",Vk million In
1909. Again we note that although the
output of gold started to Increase from
the year 1880, yet it was not until 1905
that it- effect on prices began to show
The world's visible supply of gold
has risen from nearly 5 billion dollars In 1900 to over 7% billion In 1909.
This is going some, and I would advise any Comrade who wishes for further details to get a copy of April's
"Everybody's" and read the article
commencing on page 47(i.
The most interesting part of it is:
Have you got your share ln your pocket right now? I know you have not,
and neither has
North Battleford, Sask., ordered a
ts apply of 200 copies of The Clarion
as ammunition for Comrade Gribble,
I vho lu;t there for the country districts
in the 21st; Sec. H. Collingwood sends
.n also a new yearly from the same
• •    •
'die ol f   •   'or two dollars for
fa. coiiue.. is Jja.e Forrest's stunt.
a. • ' a
Com Moses Earitz, Manchester,
Eng., rustles up two of England's disinherited for The Clarion, with the
promise of more a-coming.
• •   •
Comrade P. C. Young, Toronto, renew ud fo.wards two subs, from St.
Tho-nas, Ont., for the Ontario Executive.
• V •
Iraiuford, Ont., pulls up another
notch when Com. A. P. llaker lands
with n bunch of four.
Comrade; S: Moeri, Kimberly, B. C,
helps out be .Manitoba scrap with n.
dollar and The Clarlan with two subs.
His o i, •:■. wal und a new jeaily
is how ' ir ele Robert Dixon, Creston, B. (       ,i' , s his bow this week.
The capitalist press of Alberta do
not approve of the kind of dope that
Charlie O'Brien, M. P. P., hands out.
Well, If they did, he would bo of no
Use to tho working class.
A. F.  Cobb
Merchant Tailor
OKotoKs,   Alberta
For every ault sold through
this  advertisement I  will glva
$2.00 to the circulation of the
Western Clarion,
1. WtIU ma for samples of
2. Mention, the price you want
to pay for ault
3. Compare my sample with
the price.
4. K suitable, send ma deposit of $1.00.
5. I will guarantee to deliver
suit to fit within three weeks.
6. Clarion will acknowledge
receipt of 12-00 from me when
■uit ls paid for.
Suits to measure from 116.00
The  new
ster, B. C, has
gait, and ke
bundle or t i
weeklv, pe
who finis!
il  of  New  Westmin-
artal ly hit a winning
.  a n    Uy Increasing Its
Lrora  lo  to  65  coplea
orurade Archibald Hogg,
up  Ihe.   order  with  two
You kn iw a fi iend who will subscribe for The Clarion If you get after
h!u, until hi does (ls that Irish?). The
lowing 'Pita in 3 down for one each
this     we ,1.   Watson,   Winnipeg,
Man.; A K. Dysarl, Winnipeg, Man.;
W. F. Cook, Vernon, B.C.; W.T. Jackson, Viicoiivei, B. C; John Harrington, F. me, ' C.; Edward .loueH, Ce-
llsta, 1 C , Erick Matson, Helen Mine,
Ont.; LrneB* Dicklnan, Vancouver, B.
C.J A. Glldemeester, North Battleford,
Sask.; Mick Henessey, Cumberland,
B. C.i F. S. Faulkner, Slaveley Kendal, Eng.; John McKenzie, Edmonton, Alta.; R.W. Abbett, Cooking Luke,
Alta.;   and   A.   Arkwright,   Edmunds,
B. C.
•    •    •
The sufferings that our fellow-workers In Philadelphia arc at present undergoing will not be in vain. It would
have taken years of talking to convince these men that e rights of the
sovereign American citizen are only
those whicli he 'an enforce. Bu. the
policeman's 61 ib should show him the
nocessity of getting possesion of said
club and ot weildlng it In his own behalf. Election Iny IS th" dty,
-    ♦   •
If it were ever discovered that the
working class (aa a clas,) aaved a part
of their wages, the Capitalist would-
use that knowledge as an excuse for
reducing their wageB. In the. same
way, If a farmer finds that his mule
leaves some of his feed he reduces
the amount accordingly. a*--"
(Continued from Page 1)
class. They have never yet been able,
as a class, to obtain more for their
labor-power than was sufficient to keep
them in working order. So that when
the surplus value which they have
created has been taken from them, it
matters but little to the workers whether lt remains In the hands of the
first thief, or a second one takes it
from the first. This Is just such a
fight, Sir, a scrap between the henchmen of rival corporations, flguting for
their material Interests. I don't blame
them for getting all they can; I am
glad to see the scrap, it is a sign of
progress, it shows that the little fish
might be gobbled up by the big one,
and the quicker that comes the quicker
the development, not only of this country, but of the economic intelligence
and knowledge of the working class,
will be brought about through economic pressure and their material interests will compel them to rise up
and take these things for themselves.
"Now, Mr. Speaker, we have heard
a lot about Liberalism, and Gladstone,
Campbell-Bannerman, and Asqulth.
We have also been told that we might
well be in Russia, owing to the work
of the government, but let us get
into England; good old Britain, the
home of Gladstone and Liberalism
where according to the previous
speakers they have had such a splendid record of Liberals and Liberalism
which has been lauded to the skies as
the People's Friend. Why, Sir, the
people are worse off in England than
they are here. There they have in
the words of General Booth, 14,000,000
on the verge of starvation. And this
is in spite of the glorious governments
they have had. But, Sir, I will agree
with the hon. member for Camrose.
There ls a very high standard of Liberalism In good old Britain—they are
Liberal in fleecing the workers.
"The wage-slaves of today can not
be classed as a part of the public or
people; the public or people are they
who own the means of production.
Those who have to obtain permission
to use these and have to give up the
lion's share of their produce in order
to use them, are slaves, and slaves
have never been considered as part
of the public. It is much as Aristotle
said of his time: 'We have a population of 65,000, but only 3,500 souls.'
"There seems to have been some
misunderstanding here why I have voted against tne opposition on the flrst
occasion and walked out on the second
division. 1 did not vote for the government, Mr. Speaker, but to open up
the contract, in order to insert an
amendment for the class I represent.
On the second division, there was no
opportunity to do anything for the
workers, and so I walked out. Had I
voted against the government I should
have cast a vote that I had no confidence in the government, and had I
voted against the opposition lt would
have been a vote of lack of confidence.
The fact of the matter is, Mr. Speaker, I have no confidence in either party, and so I shall do in this case and
indeed ln every case where I can do
the workers no good, walk out of the
House just before the division."
Stewart thought that it was the duty of every member of the House to
vote upon this question in the interests of all the people, wage-earners or
not. They should vote yes or no to
the question: "Have tne fyles been
Riley, Dr. Campbell and Bennett
followed tn support of the motion, and
Puffer against it, supporting the government. On the question being asked, a division was demanded, which
resulted in the defeat of the motion.
For, 17; against, 20. The result being same as last division.
Wednesday, March  16.
Mr. Smith gave notice that on Friday next he will move the following
"Whereas the government has proposed to appoint a royal commission
to inquire into all the circumstances
surrounding the. agreement with the
Alberta and Great Waterways Railway
Company and the sale of the securities
of the said company guaranteed by the
province;  and,
"Whereas, It ls not desirable to have
work continued on the road of the
said company while the future of the
enterprise is uncertain.
"Therefore, be It resolved, that this
House instruct the ■ government to
stop all proceedings In connection
with the building of the aforesaid road
until the finding of the said royal commission is laid before this Legislature."
Rutherford, tn speaking to his motion re the appointment of a royal
commission to Inquire into A. G. W.
R. deal, said the resolution should
meet with unanimous approval.
The resolution was bitterly objected
to by the opposition as being too narrow ln scope.
Bennett suggested that House go
Into committee of the whole lo frame
the preamble of the resolution to meet
the approval of whole Houae.
Cross moved an amendment which
he claimed should be approved by the
opposition, but was disappointed, his
amendment   being bitterly criticised
SATURDAY,  MARCH 26, 1910.
by his opponents, who claimed that
the amendment was no Improvement
upon the resolution.
Bennett said that it was too narrow
inasmuch as it called only for the investigation of "a certain contract";
the resolution should contain the
words "to inquire into the creation,
organization, construction and all matters appertaining to the A. G. W. R."
After about two hours' discussion, during which Cross and Bennett left the
House to try and come to an amicable conclusion, the above words were
The Premier then withdrew his motion, the amendment becoming the mo-
As the resolution entails the voting
of money to carry out the inquiry, the
Premier moved that t he speaker leave
the chair and the House go into Committee of the whole (adopted).
Boyle asked that the Commission be
empowered to allow the opposition to
be represented by counsel before the
Commission so that they could bring
the points in dispute before the Commission. A debate followed, several
members taking part; the members
of the Government benches claiming
that the resolution embodied that,
whilst the Opposition claimed it did
Bennett said that as the Commission was to be conducted as a case,
it was necessary that the interests involved be represented, as the duty of
the commissioners was not to ferret
out the case but to hear the evidence
and deliver a verdict on the evidence
submitted. Puffer and McKenzie, two
of the most ardent Government supporters thought that Boyle's amendment was only fair. As the Deputy
speaker is also a Government support
er, and the vote on the division being
20—17 in favor of Government, they
could not afford a division, especially
as the speaker would be at liberty to
vote and bis vote lt is well known
would be against the Government. This
would place the' Government in a min-
Cross then introduced an amendment
that the Commission shall select their
own counsel." This was not wide
enough for the Bolye cum Bennett cum
Riley brigade, who insisted that the
amendment only permitted the Commission to select counsel to advise
them on the evidence submitted. If
that was adopted, the Commission
could do no good, as there would be
no one to lay evidence before them.
He again Insisted that all interests
should be allowed to be represented.
O'Brien said tbat it appeared that,
as there were two factions there who
both professed to be acting in the interests of the public, tbe public, the
dear people, must be split into two
parts, "I am not representing the public," he said, " I think I have made lt
perfectly clear who I am representing
here, and if both sides are to be represented by counsel I know of two
lawyers ln this Province who are foolish enough to be Socialists, and I
shall insist that tbe class that I represent be given the privilege of naming
counsel in their interests.
Boyle then introduced an amendment, which he withdrew when Cross
recognizing the seriousness of the position, withdrew his amendment and
substituted one which met with the
unanimous approval of tbe House.
Thursday, March 17th
Two resolutions were on the order
sheet but were allowed to stand over.
Two Bills, one respecting the Diamond Coal Co., Ltd., and an Act to
grant additional powers to the Town of
Raymond, for the purpose of acquiring or constructing Public Utilities,
were passed through the final stage.
Several Bills were dealt with in Committee and progress reported, all of
which were of a private nature, dealing with Incorporation of Companies
ami giving greater powers to municipal corporations.
Friday, March 18th.
Premier Rutherford gave notice that
the House adjouns from March 19th,
to May 2Cth, which would give the
Royal Commission time to finish Its
Inquiry and bring In a report.
Boyle, asked ttie Premier what had
been done, if anything, with reference
to the letter from W. H. Clarke, President of the A. G. W. R„ in which he
offered to conceed the terms of the
contract, which was adopted by the
House together with other amendments? When will the estimates be
brought down? and has the Royal Commission been appointed?
Premier—Tbe Government has not
acted upon the resolutions adopted by
the House with the A. G. W. R. Co.,
yet. The estimates will be brought
down at this evening's session, that is,
temporary estimates for five months.
The Judicial Committee has been appointed.
After a deal of discussion regarding
the amount of work that the company
be allowed to proceed with, as soon
as they adopt the amendments, it was
decided that the company be allowed
to proceed with the construction of the
first forty miles of the road.
8mith withdrew his motion which
provided for the appointment of an independent board to watch the construction of the A. G. W. After a great deal
of discussion which arose out of the
clause in the agreement which gives
the Government an option on the sale
of the road, during which the term expropriation was freely used.
O'Brien said he was pleased to hear
the term expropriation so freely used,
and was glad that the House think3
that such an action could be justified.
There is at the present time a big conflict on between the working class and
the capitalist class, and the working
class are hoping to start expropriating
very soon. The consensus of opinion
of the house today would be a valuable
precedent for the working class in the
near future.
At the evening session several bills
were railroaded through at express
rate, which called forth condemnation
from Boyle, who thought there was no
need of it.
The provisional estimates for five
months were laid before the House
and the Premier suggested that the
rules of the House be suspended and
the estimates dealt with at once.
Boyle objected to this, as he thought
members should have an opportunity
to see that everything was alright before voting upon it. He was not prepared to consent to consider the est!
mates till Monday. A discussion followed at the end of which, Boyle said
he would consent to the estimates being brought before the House tomorrow. The House adjourned and was
subseqently adjourned to May 26th.
Dear Comrade,—
The Clarion of Feb. 12th was full
of interesting matter. I would like
to comment on one or two articles
The article by Alfred Budden was
a surprise to me. His name had been
impressed on my memory by reason
of an article of his in the Clarion of
May 8, of last year, as excellent in
composition and style as in matter,
and which I think would make a most
useful "leaflet." It seems hard to believe that his recent article is by the
same hand. He is flogging again that,
for some time dead dog, the religious
question, and, not content with exposing the antagonism of the churches
to the proletarian movement, he
makes the usual crude attack, in the
name of Socialism, on private opinion on the large question of religion.
Some Comrades seem to think that
they have just to mention the magic
words "economic-determinism" to annihilate all faith in what Matthew Arnold, himself an agnostic, called "the
power outside ourselves that makes
for righteousness," and coerce all true
Socialists, as by a modern inquisition,
into a belief in nothing higher than
their own bellies, otherwise their lowest material needs, whose dictates
alone may command a man's obedience.
The law of economic-determinism
may be spoken of as a new light on
the affairs of man. It is to be hoped
tbat, as time goes on and it is more
clearly understood, it will be permissible for a good Socialist to interpret
it in a less hard, crude and narrow
manner than is the fashion at present.
It plants our feet firmly ln the material conditions of life, but it does not
put limits on the development of the
mind of man or the evolution of life
and character, individual or social.
Necessity, not selfishness, is its guiding principle, and necessity must take
account of all man' aspirations and
the needs of his inner being, however
you call lt, mind or spirit, and not of
his physical needs only. Economic-
determinism helps ub to understand
tbe past, to adjust ourselves to the
present and to forecast and prepare
for the future, but lt cannot explain
the unknown, and there is quite a
lot that is unknown In the universe;
and as the unknown becomes known
we may be sure it won't stultify tbe
law, but only widen our view of it.
Alfred Budden says that right and
wrong, justice and injustice, etc.,
mean nothing, that might only ls right.
In the name of economic-determinism,
I deny that absolutely. Every "white"
man In every age has stood for right
and justice and against all the might
of wrong-doing and oppression, and
In so doing they have shewed a higher understanding of the law of necessity than the wrong-doers and oppressors. They recognized, figuratively
speaking, that the factory and the grocery store—otherwise production and
distribution—were the fundamental
facts of life, but not the only ones;
that rlgh^t and justice, human sympathy and fellow-feeling and a thousand other things were equally facts
of life and sometimes of even more
importance; just as do the I. W. W.
fighters at Spokane today, who risk
the necessaries of life and life itself
for an "idea," but an idea which will
revolutionize the world.
There ls a good deal of hair-splitting and word-juggling on this subject, which one would wish to avoid—
attempts to define what is undefin-
able, to make distinctions where none
exist. Does not the history of the
race show that the best elements ln
lt have always upheld ideas of right
and justice as among the most important realities of life, and do not
the  clearest  thinkers  among  Social-
achieved, will put mankind in a position to press forward to higher and
nobler attainments than ever dreamt
of before? Why obscure the truth by
a petulant rejection or denial of certain supreme human qualities, just
because under capitalism and the ruling-class religion those qualities are
habitually misrepresented? In our revulsion from the false sentimentality
and ineffectual emotionalism of our
bourgeois reflected religion, why seek
to dehumanise human nature and ignore every side of life except the so-
called material side?
The human mind, in a universe
where comparatively little is clearly
known and understood, draws an arbitrary line between material and non-
material. There can be in reality no
such distinction. Unity must be the
supreme law of the universe, and all
that is must be obedient to law, component and interdependent parts of
the same whole. The higher attainments of heart and mind are in the
strict line of evolution from the material facts and conditions of existence. The law of progress has governed mankind and, where man has
most progressed, he has sought and
found inspiration and light outside
his own personal and limited experience, and economic-determinism has
as much to do with the highest attributes of his being as with the lowest and simplest. It has always been
determining that man shall work his
way up from the unthinking brute to
the self-conscious, aspiring human, capable of judging between right and
wrong, between self-control and self-
indulgence, between mutual obligation with his fellow-man and blind
selfishness in his own interests.
It ls not opportune to obtrude a
discussion like this into Socialist propaganda work, and I think the columns of The Clarion can be much
better utilized, but, while we should
in the class-struggle generally confine
ourselves to the things that directly
pertain to it, one feels an impelling
desire occasionally to burst through
the narrowing restraints that every
now and then some well-meaning Comrade tries to impose on our mental
outlook and development.
As for fighting the churches, we
cannot do better than to build up the
new order within the shell of the old,
till lt crumbles away naturally, with
all its parasitic institutions.
Much more satisfactory than Alfred
Budden's treatment of the subject ls
the editorial in the same number. It
is, I believe, correct in its description
of the churches, its justification of
The Clarion's attitude and its estimate
of what the scientific attitude should
be on this subject.
I don't think one does a bad service to the movement in pretesting
against the tendency to a narrow outlook and a compulsory sameness,
where temperaments, conditions, etc.,
vary. And this thought is also suggested to me by a letter in The Clarion
from I. A. Austin, Nelson, on the subject of Miss Gurley Flynn's services
to the I. W. W. and the Revolutionary
movement ln general.
Why need Comrade Austin regret
that she is not speaking for Socialism? Is this not a case of drawing
unnecessary distinctions where there
Is no real difference?
Socialism is a very big thing. Can
any one person discharge all the manifold services it needs? And can anyone do,, or where is anyone doing,
more fundamental, necessary and
splendid service for the Revolution
than these I. W. W. Comrades? Is not
this movement strictly and truly on
Marxian lines and carrying out, as
though under the direction of that
master mind, the beginnings of the
Revolution on the industrial field,
where everything, till now, is chaos?
There may be some quibble on both
sideB about political action, which
quibble will soon be dissipated. Tbe
awakened and organized workers may
be relied on to use every weapon
whenever they can to overthrow capitalism and the wage-system, and how
and by what means can the workers
be better awakened and organized
than by the men and methods of the
I. W. W., working among the wreckage of trade-unionism and the devastation wrought by capitalism. The
day may come when the Socialist Party ln the States may ask the I. W. W.
to recognize them as useful workers
for the Revolution! That any Socialist should hesitate to recognize the
I. W. W. as such is a mystery to me.
Some of the ComradeB in Great Britain seem to be in doubt as to how to
use their votes in ridings where no
Socialist candidate ls running. That's
easy! In the first place candidates
should be nominated wherever possible, and where this is not the case a
manifesto giving the reason for no
candidate (lack of funds, etc.) and containing an analysis of the capitalist
system, should be as widely distributed as possible. Then on polling day,
go to the booth and.write "Socialism"
across your ballot paper (or nothing),
as you wish. These are the only
tactics" worthy a party that wishes
to gain the confidence and support of
ista foretell that the Revolution, once I the great working class.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, in convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It Bhould belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all tha products ot
labor belong to the capitalist class. Tha capitalist Is therefore
master; tha worker a slave.
Bo long as tha capitalist class remains ln possession of tha
reins of governmeat all tha po.wara of tha State wlll ba used to
protect and defend their property rights la tha means of wealth
productlsa and their control of tha product of labor.
Tha capitalist system gives to tha capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and: to tha worker an ever Increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
Tha Interest of tha working class Ilea ln the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by tha abolition of tha wage
system, under which is cloaked the robbery of the working-elaaa
at the point ef production. Ta accomplish this necessitates tha
transformation of capitalist property In tha meana of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
Tha Irrepresalble conflict of Interests between tha capitalist
and tha worker la rapidly culminating In a etruggle for possession
of tha power of government—tha capitalist to hold, tha worker ta
secure It by political action. Thla la tha claas atruggla.
Therefore, wo call upon all workara to organise under tha
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with tha object ot conquering the public powers for the purpose of setting np aad enforcing the economic programme ot tha working class, aa folio wa:
1. The transformation, aa rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property la the means of wealth preduetloa (natural resources,
faetorlea, mills, railroads ate.,) into tha collective property of tho
working claas.
t. Tha democratic organisation aad' management of ladnatry
by tha workara.
I.   Tha establlehmeat, aa speedily aa possible, of production for
aae Instead of production for prosit.
Tha Socialist Party, whan In office, shall always and everywhere until the present system la aballahad. make tha aaawer to
tola aueetiea IU galdlag rule at conduct: Will thla laglalatlon advance tha latereoU of tho working elans and aid tho workara la
their class atruggla against capltalUmT If It will tho Badallet
Party la far It; If It will not, tha SoeUIIat Party la ahaolntaly
ooaeeei to It
Ia aeeordaaee with this principle tha Socialist Party pledgaa
Itaalf to conduct all tha public affaire placed la IU heads la aaea
a manner aa to proaeete tha tntereata of tha working claas alone.
The South half of District Lot 116, Burnaby,     3 J-**,
Blocks South of Hastings St. car line, Facing
Boundary    Road.
80 Acres Divided into 99 foot Lots.      Will be on Sale
about MARCH )5
Prices reasonable.    1-5 Cash, balance in 6, 12, 18 and
24 months.   Exclusively by
41 Hasting St. E.      Phone 3391,      Vancouver, B.C.
CopvmoHTa *c.
Anyone Bending, s ekel ch and description may
quickly aioartaln onr opinion fre* whether aa
iitTentlon Ie probably patenliMe. Coromnnlea.
lloneelilcllyoonlldenllal. HAN0B001 on Pal-uU
eent free. Oldeit agency for eeourlnirpa'eiit-.
Patent! taken through Munn * Co. reoelre
special not lee, without ebaree, In the
Scientific America.,.
A hemUomely Ulutrated weekly. Urxet circulation ol any •dentlllc Journal. Term- for
Canada, |!.7t a year, poetefe prepaid. Sold by
all newidealeia.
Room 501
Dominion Trust
neighbors,   send for a bundle of
"Robtftchyf Narod"
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
SO ctatt a year
)33&-pa-.S--       yiumletf, Mia.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
Which Sta
Vancouver Local 357.
■• Viytng We»--(e)
q If you would like to spend leas time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone yonr address to oar office and we will send a man
to measure yonr premises sad give yon an estimate of cost of
i detailing the sac pipes,
Vancouver Gas Company, Limited.


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