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Western Clarion Jan 8, 1910

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.T»s 661.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, Janu«r> 8, 1910.
sabKripnon Prloe
Intellectuals, like poets, are horn,
not made. The wonder of It Is they
are all born Into the Socialist Party
(likewise all poets are born Into 134
Hogarth avenue).
The total number of Intellectuals In
the Socialist Party of America is about
thirty of forty. This number includes
a few of the "Scientific" Socialists,
such as the author of "Marxian Economics"; a few of the "leaders," also
Parlor Socialists, Fabians, Christian
Socialists (whatever that may be), and
The most notable bunch of intellectuals reside in Milwaukee (where they
have succeeded ln establishing municipal hen-coops). They call themselves
not Socialists but Social-Democrats,
evidently believing that the word "Socialist" might frighten the sensitive
college professors and others whom
they wish to interest in municipal
ownership, etc.
These Social-Democrats, besides being intellectuals, are a strange conglomeration of everything in general
and nothing In particular. They appear to be a cross between Bryanlstic-
Gompers Democracy and Revolutionary Socialism. Hence the name Social-
But the unfortunate part of it is
that these Social-Democrats and their
Intellectual leaders have adopted the
peculiar virtues of both the middle-
class Democrats and the working-class
Socialists without the redeeming vices
of either. For instance, they, like Socialists, -will not buy votes in a legitimate way and pay five dollars a vote,
but like the Democrats, they wlll promise anything in order to get these
same votes "honestly." The be-all and
end-all of their political existence is to
get votes. At various times they have
been known (1st) to promise the farmer not to "confiscate" his land, but
only the mortgage; and (ind) to promise the money-lender not to take
away tbe mortgage from him. They
will promise the city employees more
wages, and at the same time assure
the taxpayers that they will carefully
conserve their interests—and likewise
through the whole calendar. The natural result',.. that the Socialist vote in
the State whnrs these tacticB are most
employed continually varies In the old
see-saw manner, never getting anywhere—depending altogether upon the
extravagances of the vote-catching promises, and the gullibility of the "intelligent" voters.
Another bunch of intellectuals, called the Christian Socialists, have their
headquarters in the Windy City. This
same place is the home of a bunch ot
unconverted Socialists (in other
words, "pagans"), who are atheists
first and Socialists afterward. If Chicago hadn't been the Windy City anyway, it would be now,' with the scrapping of these Christian Atheists on
one side and Atheist Christians on the
other. How Borrowful' D. L. Moody
in heaven and Bob Ingersoll in hades
must feel when they find that most of
their followers are Socialists and "Intellectuals!" At any rate, these Christian Atheists et al of Chicago and other places are doing their best to destroy the Socialist movement. Whether they know It or not, the Socialist
Party cannot Biirvlve If it ls tied to
the end bf any church or other capitalist institution. The working-class
must fly for itself, and must not he a
tail to any kite.
Speaking generally, the reformers in
the Socialist Party are disciples of
some self-styled Intellectuals, but this
is not always the Case. Middle class
Socialists are not always middle class
thinkers; for Instance, Gaylord Wll-
shire ot New York does not advertise
himself as a millionaire Socialist, and
through his publication he appeals only
to the working class. Comrade Cotton,
so lately a bourgeois reformer, now
writes of tho capitalist system, only
from the standpoint of the wage
The distinction between proletarians
and Intellectuals does not, as many
seem to think, divide the Socialist Party into two divisions, the "rank and
Me" and the "Party spokesmen." On
the contrary the quarrel is between
the middle class dealers in reform and
the proletarian revolutionists. The
-war within the    Party was brought
about by the hlgh-browed intellectu
als themselves; let them take the consequences.
Everyone just now is discussing
"What is the matter with the Socialist
Party in the United States, and what
to do about it?" The "matter" Is not
a combination of small errors, it is not
something to be brushed aside; lt is
an important question and must be decided "right away quick." There are
not many things the matter with our
Party, there Is just one—"one big removable IT" (to quote from Lincoln
Here is the cure: The workers must
elect working class thinkers to the positions of National Secretary, National
Executive Committee, State Secretary,
etc. They must nominate the same
kind of men as candidates for public
offices. Workers must edit the Party
papers in the interests of their own
class, no matter what bourgeois sympathizers, politicians, lawyers and
preachers may think about it. Revolutionists not reformers, agitators not
orators, must be the official organizers.
All Immediate demands, except one,
must be cut from the Platform. And
that remaining one must be the demand for working class ownership of
the world. No longer should the energy of one hundred thousand men be
expended In the vain search for better
"The time for palliation's past—
"The day of Revolution's here."
If necessary, about one hundred self-
appointed leaders must be taken by
the nap of the neck and kicked out of
the Party.
There's the remedy for stagnation in
the Socialist Party, U. S. A. How do
you like it?
Portland, Maine.
Socialism, that terpslchorean subject, has of late been held responsible
for many sins. There seems to be a
general inclination on the part of the
human animal to express the extreme
of any idea In some particular vision.
Man conceives of certain conditions
which are to him desirable, he calls
them good, and embodies his idea of
good in a God. The opposite of these
conditions is expressed in a Devil.
Thus, in whatever particular occupation the Christian is engaged, Christ
has become tbe ultimate of attainment
n that form of endeavor. He has
been described as the perfect physiologist, sociologist and theologist, besides being a splendid carpenter and
first class walking delegate. Lastly
and saliently his achievement in aero-
dlnetlcs would make the efforts of
our modern aeropianists look like the
muscular spasms of a flea.
Inversely, that which ls Imperfect
and unchristian seeks expression in
some embodiment of evil. Modern
theology has discarded the be-horned
and festive Satan as being too melodramatic. Something must take his
place. Modern society and its ideas
being dominated by capital, Social-
Ism being the greatest menace to
capital, Satan's substitute is found in
This, we Socialists do not mind, as
we hope to some day play the devil
with capital, but there are crimes
which we will not submit to have laid
at our door. For instance, If Prof.
Clark, of Manitoba University, chooses
to bring forth weird phantasms and
foist them upon an ambushed audience, Socialism "positively cannot accept the responsibility.
Last Monday evening Prof. Clark
delivered a long talk on Clarkism to
the members of the A.Y.P.A. He called it Socialism, out of modesty perhaps. "Socialism," said the Professor, "includes all schemes which seek
to promote the Interests of society as
a whole, as against those of particular classes." He gets that idea from
Irresponsible college professors, who
are allowed at large, tacking "Socialism" on to anything that has no
other name.
According to the "Socialistic"
scheme the Professor has dug up,
"every man must have his task assigned to him by a state official,"
"The judgment of state officials must
Writing before the actual voting on
the second reading of the Finance Bill
In the Lords, and before the terms of
the   Premier's    "remonstrance"    are
made public, there is yet no difficulty
in judging of the role of the Liberal
Party in  the  present  "crisis,"  from
its present attitude -md past history.
The veto of the Lords ls a Liberal
hardy annual. The late G. A. Sala said
that during his experience as a journalist he had known eighteen distinct
agitations against the House of Lords
by the party of "going to do," all of
which came to nought.   Numerous resolutions  have  been  passed  by  the
Commons to "end or mend" the House
of Lords, but all of them have been
calmly Ignored  by Liberal  Cabinets,
who have accepted with remarkable
meekness every vagary of  the odds
and ends who fill'the Upper Chamber.
Of the present Budget itself it is
hardly necessary to speak.   There will
be many dry eyes at its departure.   It
is a Dreadnaught Budget of blood and
iron, and the real nature of its threadbare reforms has already been exposed ln these columns.   Indeed, standing
between  a  free-trade  budget  and   a
tariff-reform one, the worker is verily
between the devil and the deep blue
sea.   But from these equally distasteful alternatives we turn to the present curious constitutional issue.
It-is, as has been observed, Liberalism's last ditch, and as like as not
the Liberals wtll be burled in it. In
spite of clap trap and agtatton the
people are largely Indifferent to the
matter, and this is causing Jack's in
offlce considerable anxiety. A keen and
searching Tariff Reform agitation,
dwelling almost solely on the question
of unemployment, is telling in the
constituencies against the Liberal-Labor coalition. What wonder, then, that
their peace of mind ls somewhat disturbed by the fact that the Lords for
the nonce find it expedient to stand
forth as champions of democracy by
demanding an appeal to the electorate? It is considered extremely doubtful if the Liberals will obtain a majority sufficient for working purposes
at the general election, and in any
circumstances the Lords (aided and
abetted by the Liberals) are playing
a game of "heads I win, tails you lose."
It will be within the reader's memory that not long ago the Irrepressible
Mr. Churchill stated in a speech that
the refusal of the Lords to pass the
Finance Bill would be directly followed by an appeal to the country. The
next day, however, the Premier took
his enfant terrible to task and publicly declared that to dissolve at the dictation of the Lords would be to grant
them privileges which belonged solely
to the Cabinet and the King. The Daily
Chronicle went further, and indicated
several damning consequences that
would follow such suicidal action on
the part of the Government. And obviously, to dissolve, because the Upper
Chamber refuses to pass the Budget
wonld be granting the Lord's a precedent for throwing any government
out, and for delaying and defeating
any finance bill that did not coincide
with their archaic views. Moreover, if
the Liberal Government were re-elected and the Lords then passed the Budget, it would be no victory over the
peers, but It would, on the contrary,
have established a precedent which Increased the privileges of the latter,
and weakened the control of the Commons over finance.
The Liberals admittedly are the
most cunning of the capitalist class,
and they cannot In consequence be ac-
quited when, instead of standing firm
and saying like Lord Milner, "damn
the consequences!" and compelling
the Upper House to give way, they deliberately decide that the Commons
must commit suicide in this matter.
As Air. McKenna admitted in his Grif-
flthstown speech on Nov. 23, "The
Prime Minister said some time ago
he would not advise a dissolution at
the dictation of the Lords. And yet
here we stand to-day admittedly compelled to have an election in conse
quence of the action of that body."
Thus, thanks to the Liberals, the peers
stand to win in any case, and Liberalism is again exposed for the fraud it
(Continued on Page 3)
(By Gerald Desmond.)
Sons of Plutus, have a care,
Tyrants, listen and beware.
On the heavy, sullen air
Sounds a voice;—
"Ye have thought that Freedom slumbered ;
"Fools, your days have long been numbered,
"Soon the people, chain-encumbered,
"Shall rejoice!
be relied upon in fixing the amount
of a man's 'deserts,'" "money as a
means of exchange to be abolished."
Terrible indeed, and anyone found
entertaining such imbecile Ideas
should be removed from the map.
However, I feel sure that If Prof.
Clark would study the programme of
the Socialist Party of Canada, just
a little, he would not he long making a full apology to real Socialism.
Space forbids dealing at length
with the Professor's lack of argument. However I would just point out
a little flaw in that "state official"
The State represents the Powers of
Coercion. Socialists are out to destroy those powers, and consequently,
abolish the State. Where will the
State officials be then? Probably on
the same junk heap as capitalist economists.
Now, Mr. Professor, if I here is anything the Socialist Party deplores it
is wilful ignorance, ami as you are
entirely at sea when it conies to Socialism, we would he delighted to
meet you in debate on the subject, so
as to give you an opportunity to
learn. Of course, it is condescension
on our part to meet a so-called economist who says that chronic unemployment, embracing every form of Labor, ls due to "lack of Industrial education," still for your Bake we wlll
"For the great re-distribution,
"For the mighty restitution,
"For the day of REVOLUTION
"Draweth nigh!
"Like gaunt lions from their lair,
"Come the Rebel Proletaire;
"If to cross their path ye dare,
"Then ye die!
"Not by tedious graduation,
"Not by slowest transformation,
"But with lightning-like mutation,
"In a day—
"In a single glorious hour
"Shall the clouds of vengeance lower,
"Shall your riches and your power
"Pass away.
"Oh, coward, robber class,
"From the earth ye soon shall pass—
"Ye shall wither like cut grass
"In the sun.
"Lo your fate no land bereaves,
"For your end not one thing grieves;
"Earth   shall   laugh   when   rule   of
"Shall be done!"
So, Sons of Plutus, have a care,
Tyrants listen and beware,
On the heavy, sullen air
Sounds a voice: —
"Ye have thought that Freedom slumbered,
"Fools!    your days have long been
"Soon the people, chain-encumbered,
"Shall rejoice!"
Locals wishing to have Commissioners for taking Affidavits appointed to
put men on the voters' list in their
district, should send in the names to
Comrades Hawthornthwaite or Williams now.
N.  B.—It  is   necessary   to send  full
name (Christian and surname), full
address and occupation.
Is everybody's name on the voters'
There are many ways of spreading
the gospel of discontent among tbe
disinherited of the earth, as well as
among those of the fast disappearing
middle class, who, while still holding
a little, have everything to gain by
throwing in their lot with the worker.
One of these ways of sowing tbe
seed of discontent is by the careful
distribution and sale of our literature
—papers, pamphlets and books ought
to be pushed vigorously. In the past
most pamphlets and leaflets have come
from the United States, and among
them many have outlived their usefulness, some even may be styled as
"slush" (to use a slang expression),
and ought to be carefully guarded
I believe the time has arrived when
we ought to take up the matter of
printing pamphlets and leaflets written by Comrades of the S. P. of Canada, and in this the D. E. C. are now
In reviewing the year which has just
come to a close, as secretary of our
Local, I find we have distributed 2500
copies of the Clarion and Cotton's.
Most of these have been distributed at
the market place each Saturday morning among the farmers, who often
come twenty miles to sell their produce. The papers are placed carefully
In the rear of the vehicle or on the
seat, and while formerly one would
find copies lying about, having been
thrown away by some disgusted hidebound hayseed, who believes in tbe
sacred rights of capitalism, that things
have always been and will remain so,
votes the Liberal ticket because his
father did (for about 75 per cent, of
the farmers in our constituency vote
Liberal, the Industrial centres giving
large majorities for the other gang,
members of the same steal works,
"capitalism"), today one could not find
a paper lying about. The wisdom of
giving these papers to the farmers
(they are generally looked upon as reactionary) has been challenged on
more than one occasion. However,
very pleasing and encouraging reports
are coming to our hearing, and we are
determined to renew our energy along
this line of propaganda during this
year. Personally, I think our Local
ought to increase this contribution to
7000 copies this year.
In a little country store, situated
some miles from our town, a farmer
entered not long ago, to exchange part
of his produce for other necessities.
Over the basket the woman behind tbe
counter placed a copy of Cotton's,
and to her surprise the farmer remarked: "Why, that's Cotton's. You
know I always look for that paper
and another, the Clarion, at tbe Berlin market. I like them both very
much." This is one Instance of how
the truth is breaking through these
hide-bound, horny hands of toil.
During tbe year our Local sold or
distributed literature amounting to
$93.75; In addition to this we were
successful In placing twenty-six volumes in the Carnegie Library. This
is but a small contribution to the
emancipation of our class, and we
enter the new year with renewed energy.
Workers of Canada, workers everywhere, unite under the red banner of
revolt. The bulwarks of capitalism
must crumble before us. As property
in human beings was the first step towards the realization of capitalist ownership, so an awakening of the worker to a realization that tho sale of his
labor-power to a master and with it
relinquishing the right to the product
of his toil, must necessarily end in the
overthrow of capitalist ownership.
Capitalism means untold wenllh for
the owners, but unspeakablo poverty
for the workers. It means that a few
shall he surfeited with luxury, while
the many must go hungry and cold.
At the nod of the masters, kings and
rulers send forth their armleB, recruited from the ranks of tho laborers, to slay their brother workers with
hesitate in using these armies to mow-
down the workers whenever they find
it In their interest to do so.
Competition   among   the   worker*.
means that the    hungriest man will
work the cheapest and the Industrial
reserve army supplies plenty of hungry men.   Hungry men have learned
the art of living cheaply, and are ai
irresistible force for battering dowi
wages.    A woman  can  live cheapei
than a man, bo capitalism replaces every man possible with a woman, but
children live more cheaply than man,
or woman, and hence both are displaced by children.
A machine is capitalism's ideal. It
does not eat, drink, sleep, organize or
go on strike, and never asked for higher wages, but every pulse of its whirling wheels means that the wage scale*,
ls being slowly forced downward, and
this must continue as long as capital-,
ism lasts.
Every worker would be a Socialist
if be understood what Socialism
means to him. The awakening of the.
stupidity of the workers and breaking
the band of capitalist dominance ia
the task which lies before us.
Just as the pulpits were a tool ln the
hands of the slave master, so they are,
being used today to cover up the real
issue, the economic freedom of tho
workers. Their message to the worker Is a slave economy and not ln keeping with the need of our day. Nc
matter how frightful the consequence!
of the laborers' ignorance, no mattei
if insane asylums, jails and penitentiaries be filled with their class, the
clergy persist in proclaiming their
favorite benedictions: "Well done,
thou good and faithful servant"}
"Blessed be the tie tbat binds," and
respectable society chimes a fervent
"Amen!" Their phraseology has become meaningless to the worker.
The paramount issue today is Socialism vs. Capitalism, and this issue
will remain paramount until capitalism is abolished. Those who have
seen the light sbould proclaim aloud
the new gospel—they should carry to
their co-workers the light of Socialist
teachings. The movement Is worthy
our enthusiasm and zeal, for it presents to the world the only solution
to the problems that confront modern
whom they have no quarrel. From
the billions wrung from the life-blood
of the tollers, battleships, arsenals,
and armies are maintained, to force
weaker nations to buy the wealth created by the workers who suffer for the
need of lt.   Nor do the capitalist class
Buenos Aries, Argentine Republic.
Greeting:—Tbe Government of thla
republic has just declared the whole
country in a state of siege on the
ground of the death of the Chief ot
Police Ramon Falcon, who was killed
last Sunday by a bomb.
Chief of Police Falcon was the identical personage who, on May 1 of the
current year, caused a massacre of the
working people thereby provoking a
great gerenal strike In which the
Socialist Party played an Important
The state of siege Is causing great
injury to the Socialist and the Labor
organizations. The Socialist press has
been Interdicted. Our dally paper the
"La Vanguardla" has been closed. The
Anarchist journal "La Protesta" was
broken into and its machines destroyed. The Socialist headquarters have
been closed and are watched by the
Police. Many of our militants have
been thrown Into prison, and the Editors of our daily paper left peBterday.
These incidents sumee to indicate
the political condition of this country.
Deprived of the constitutional guarantees, our freedom and rights aro at
the mercy of the Government, and of
the secret police.
We request you to protest, through
your press against, these barbarous
punishments inflicted by Russian Argentine, and which are effected by unjustified  arrests and  deportation.
At present we are chained down and
rendered impotent to act. Hut when
the sixty days of the state of siege
shall bo over, we shall have our chance
of vindication.
Fraternally   Yours,
Gen'l Sec'y of the Socialist Party. TWO
Ihe Wen. Clarion
VnMlalMS    every    Saturday    by
*"», at 1"
■sobfllst Party of Canada, at the Offloe
at tha Weetern Clarion, riack Blook
■Mmiant, IBS Hastings Street, Vanoou-
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Watch the label on your paper, li this number Is on it,
your subscription expires the
next issue.
The issue between ourselves and
the capitalist class is simple and clear
enough. We are their slaves; they
are our masters. We would be free;
they would hold us in slavery. Freedom for us would be extermination for
them, as capitalists. Their continued
existence means our continued enslavement.
Our enslavement consists in that
we are compelled to toil for them and
render into their hands the fruits of
Our toil. No slave did more. In fact
no slave of yore did as much. For never in history has a master class been
blessed with more fruitful and less
troublesome bondmen.
Deprived of access to the Earth and
its riches, there is no place whither we
can flee. The world is one vast slave
pen, whence there is no escape but
through the gate of death. There. Is
no need to guard us, or to bind us to
the soil, we can escape nowhlther. No-
need to buy us or to kidnap us. We
are ever eager for the yoke. We will
sell ourselves piecemeal for the day's
pottage where we are needed and
will browse in the garbage cans when
we are not. No overseer's whip Is
needed to drive us. We will work,
work, breathlessly to physical exhaustion and premature death. Hunger
Yea, we are slaves and they are our
masters. Masters of our bread. They
rule us only to exploit, and only because they rule os can they exploit us.
While they rule wb car.rnt be free.
Over all the Earth is their kingdom.
"Whether at Naishapur or Babylon,"
we must bend to their service or
starve. There is no place to which we
can escape. We must either continue
in bondage or strike our masters down.
That choice alone Is open to us.
And that choice even will not much
longer be ours. Decade by decade the
markets contract. Year by year the
machine becomes more perfect, the
jobs fewer, the slaves more numerous.
Soon the choice will be but to strike
or starve, and we will not starve.
More and more speedily the workers are awakening to the realization of
their position. Year, by year Intensifies their revolt and augments the
numbers of the rebellious. Armed with
a new knowledge, inspired with a new
hope, urged onward by Nature herself,
they are ordering   their    ranks    for
class they prey upon is numerically
very much thaX-stronger, Hence they
must perforce rely upon'the Law for.
their defence. Consequently the lawyer has risen high in social status and
is now a most useful and respected
member of society, while the Law has
become a very holy of holies.
So that in one way, the law does
bear out the theory of protecting the
weak against the strong, in fact it is
the chief defence of the timorous master class against those it rules and
Of course, upon occasion, they do
not obey their own laws, but this
should not call for all the fuss that
is made about lt by some. It Is their
own law. Why in the name of all that
ls wondrous should they enforce it
against themselves?
Fault is frequently found by our discouraged moralists because the law
does not protect the poor against the
rich. But, as the law was especially
designed to protect the rich against
the poor, we can see no reason for
fault-finding. It does Its work thoroughly. It is claimed the poor do not
get a square deal. If that Is the case,
then we don't know a square deal from
a cold deck. The poor send the rich
up to give them laws, and they certainly cannot say they don't get
There are two kinds of fool opinions particularly prevalent about the
Law. One is that "there should be a
law against" this, that, or the other,
as if there were not already laws
against about everything in sight; and
the other Is "that the laws are all
right, but they should be enforced."
For our part we have a hunch that
tbe only remedy for "bad laws" and
"capitalist lawlessness" is to repeal
the Law, lock, stock and barrel. Incidentally it wlll then be found that
there are no capitalists extant to be
lawless any more.
• -.   . .-„.. rr=l SyJBSW
system of-. wage-slayery,"- a, raomaat-'
ous utterance which we will never, tor-
ft** ■   '   , ..     -'
But while the editorial may lack reason lt lacks pot" rhyme, whence arises
a morsel of unconscious humor much
too rich to be overlooked tn these dull
days; for the editorial closes with the
following verse, the point of which
will be most highly appreciated by
those best acquainted with the history
and habits of the S. L. P. generally,
and Danny in particular:
"His still refuted quirks he still repeats.
New rajsed objections with new
quibbles meets,
Till, sinking In the quicksand he defends,
He dies disputing and the contest
If that is not Danny's photo we don't,
want a cent.    •
Quite right, Mac!    "Ye canna tak'
the breeks\>ff a hfelan' mon"; but ye
can    tak'  the kilts off.    However,  I
have no ambition to take either off.        ———————————————,„„„„,_
Rather, I would like to put the breeks, hiShway ,rol}^e.r'. and abo.ut as usetu.1
on him, and cover the "puir deevil's"
-him.   He"WouJd-jth.efy'■canc.lude he,ha<l"-f '••fji&»
fetter control them himself; which arrived at, would, bring, abput their elUifcj
ination, since ie would find no class'
to use them against, there being no
class lotfer than himself.
The clearer we can put this proposition before the workers, the better it
swill he for outfselves, as the development of his mental powers, sad to say,
has not been quite so well attended
to as the development of his muscles
—and that's saying damned little.
We get(quite enough mental conjuring outside the Socialist Party without
having any Inside.
If "all that is coming to us is the
price of our stall and fodder," then
'Socialism can show no just reason for
its existence. The workers can at least
get that under capitalism; and the out-
of-works who don't, our "philosophers
can account for through the struggle
for existence." One of the natural laws,
doni-you-know; and a divine one, too,
they tell me.
The capitalist may be a damned industrious fellow; but his industry is on
a par with that of the burglar and
nakedness, a process which I believe
is only possible if he is "roped" and
"broke in*-' when young. I may say,
en passant, I was myself "roped" when
All hair-splitting aside, the useful
workers; mental and physical, are
alone the wealth producers; and their
misery under capitalism Is caused by
their failure to retain control of their
products.   Some may maintain that the
,,,,... , ,   ..       ' capitalist does organize the Industries;
But    about these taxes, and these,    '      , ° .
but I have never  run  up  against a
the Armageddon. The duel to the
death beteen the slaves and their masters. ' Out bf which they can come only
Then at last the curse of slavery
shall be lifted from off the Earth, and
Man shall step forth free, Master of
himself and of the forces of Nature.
Free to enjoy the fruits of his toil.
Compelled to yield them up to no man.
Beholden to none for the privilege to
live. At last a free man ln a land of
7'beoretlcally, the Law ls designed
to protect the weak against the strong,
bul this theory does not seem to be
gir-in very much credence nowadays,
In fact It Is generally regarded as having been most thoroughly exploded.
That, however, all depends on the
way you look at it. In the "good old
dayB" when the people who did the
ruling and robbing had strength and
prowess wherewith to do the job, the
Law was rather despised when it did
happen to exist at all. Even in the
palmy days of feudalism aud chivalry
this as the case. No true knight would
stoop to go to law over any grievance
he might have. That waa a matter
for traders and usurers, and was consequently held In the same contempt as
they were, a contempt which also attached itself to the legal profession.
The master class of today, however, Is
that very class of traders and usurers,
and they lack today, as then, the necessary courage sod prowesB.    Also the
The editorial from the "Sun" of .St.
John, N. B., on "Business Ethics," is
quite good enough to print in full.
Business ethics" sounds to us a good
deal like cold heat. That is if ethics
has any connection with any sort of
decency. We can't see what ethics
has got to do with business, or business with ethics. Business consists
so far as we can figure ft out, in the
buying and selling of commodities.
"Good" business is supposed to be to
buy cheap and sell dear. Even though
that supposition ls inaccurate, yet it is
supposed to be correct, and is the inspiration of business men. With such
an inspiration to commence with, how
can business be expected to produce
anything but every form of corruption,
deceit and villany?
Leaving aside the buying of labor
power, wherefrom ensues the original
theft, all business flows in one way or
andther from the buying and selling
of the stolen products of labor. With
the stealing of the product of labor
from the workers, no fault ls found
by our devotees of ethics. Then why
this fuss over the division of the spoil
among the pirate crew?
Ridiculous as it would appear on I
the face of lt, there does seem to be a
suppositious ethical code governing
business. So far as we can figure it
out, the main principle of it appears
to be that while lt is alright to rob the
workers in production, there should be
honor among the thieves; they should
not rob one another.
Unfortunately for this most ethical
code, the temptation to mutual robbery is far too strong to be resisted.
In fact it is absolutely necessary if
one would continue in business, as the
Sun points out. So much so that it
becomes a matter of the greatest difficulty for even the most knidly disposed of governments to keep the jail
entrance always closed against, theirj
Robbing the robbers Is so very much
easier than robbing the producers directly, and the booty is so very much
richer, that even the most "clean,
kindly, religious men" have not the
fortitude to resist. It is very much
easier to compromise with your conscience, if you imagine yourself afflicted with one, than lt is to run the
risk of being put out of business by
some other member of the clean, kindly, and religious tribe. For Instance,
even the worthy editor of the Sun
would hardly go the length of putting
his principles Into practice by repudiating any statements made regarding
the Sun's circulation by the enterprising advertising manager.
The Sun suggests no remedy, neither
can we, except to put Business out of
Dreadnaughts, and who maintains the
whole "shooting-match." I'm still as
unconvinced as ever that the capitalists are the whole cheese. Native
Scotch density, and an over-dose of
"mush" may possibly account for it.
But, here goes again.
First of all, you say the worker
"doesn't produce anything but labor-
power these days." Now, if the worker only produces labor-power, how can
there possibly arise a surplus-product?
If he only reproduces his labor-power,
where does our friend the capitalist
come in? I think we must admit he
produces more than his labor-power;
but ls only allowed to retain enough ! -—-^—mmm—.musn—
of his product to maintain this labor-!abollah the U-'-,e- Chamber,
power in a semblance of working or
der.    What    he  produces    over
mine, mill, or factory yet, but what I
have found a wage-worker doing it.
Let the workers then get together
and socially control their products
themselves, as they socially produce
them, and all this anarchy will end.
There will then be no capitalist, no
state, no Dreadnaughts, and no "chewing the rag" about who pays for
them. GOUROCK.
g/gf Every Local of the Socialist PertT Of
Canada should run a card under Thi. head
$1.00 per month.     Secretaries please note.
DOMxmcnr executive committed,
Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver,
B. C.
Executive Committee, Socialist Party
of Canada. Meets every alternate
Monday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836. Vancouver, B. C.
Commlttee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meeta every alternate Monday in
Labor Hall, Eighth Ave. East, opposite postofflce. Secretary will be
pleased to answer any communications
regarding the movement ln the province.
F.    Oxtoby,     Sec, Box      647      Calgary, Alta.
tlve Committee. Meets first and third
Mondays of every month, Jubilee Hall,
corner of King and Alexander. The
Secretary wlll be pleased to furnish
any Information and answer any correspondence relative to the movement.
Secretary, H. Saltzman, Room 15, Harrison Block, Winnipeg, Man.
Committee. Meets in Finnish Hall, 214
Adelaide St., Toronto, on 1st and 3rd
Mondays. Organizer, W. Gribble, 134
Hogarth Ave., Toronto, P. C. Young,
Secretary, 940 Pape Ave. G. Colombo,
Italian Oreanlzer. 224 Chestnut St.
tlve Committee, Soclulist Party of
Canada. Meets every second and
fourth Sunday at Comrade McKln-
non's. Cottage Lane. Dan Cochrane,
Secretary, Bux 13. Glacu Bay, N. S.
Canada. Business meetings every
Tuesday evening at headquarters, over
Edgett's Store, 161 Hastings St. W.
F. Perry, Secretary, Box 836.
/P. Of O. Propaganda and business
meetings at 8 p. m., the fourth Thursday of eaoh month ln lodge room, over
old post office, near opera house. Everybody welcome. B. F, Dayman,
Secretary; W. W. Lefeaux, Organizer.
C. Business meetings every Saturday
7 p.m. ln headquarters on First Ave.
Parker. William.. Sec,, ladysmith, B. C
LOJH& POM V009T, B. O.. NO. «.
S. P. of 0.—Business meetings. Aral
: Sunday ln each month. J. v. Hull,
I   Secretary, Port.Moody. B. C.
every Sunday 7:30 p.m. ln McGregor
Hall (Miner's Hall), Mrs. Thornley,
meets In Miners' Hall every Sunday at
7:S0. p. m. %■ Campbell, Seoy., P. O.
Box 674. Rossland Finnish Branch
meets in Flnlanders' Hall. Sunday* at
7:30 p. m., A. Sebble, Secy., P. O. Box
766 Rossland, E. C.
LOOAL NUSON,  B. T. 0*r O.
every   Friday   evening   at   8
Miners'" "Hail,   Nelson!   B.   c."  Frank
p.m.,   in
     , ,   ....ami,   o.   u.     Frank
Phillips, Organizer; I. A. Austin, Seoy.
meets every Sunday at 8:30 p.m., la
Miners' Hall. Matt Hallday, Organizer.    H.  K. Maclnnls, Secretary.
of  C     Meetings   every   Sunday   at   8
&m. ln the Labor Hall, Barber Block,
lghth Ave. 15. (near postofflcel.   ninh
Meetings   every   Sunday   at   S
^^~   I. Barber Block,
 — (near postofflce).   Club
and Reading Room. Labor Hall, D, A.
McLean, Box 647. Secretary, A. Mac
donald, Organizer,    Box 647.
P of C, meets every first and third
Sunday evenings, Bellevue Town Halt
C. Stubbs, Secy.
LOOAL   VANCOUVER,   B.   C,    NO.    45, 1
Finnish.     Meets    every    second    and ]
fourth ThursdaysJn the month at 1511
Hastings St. W.
Secretary, Matt Mar-
The Lords and the Liberal
(Continued from Page 1)
In point of fact the Liberals do not
intend,  and never have intended, to
It is far
too valuable to them.    To both that
and |and the Tory section of the capital
above the equivalent of his mainten-ilst class  il is  hlghly  valuable as  a
ance and propagation, the surplus-pro-1 bar,lcade tllat may be ■called into fu"
ture usefulness against the rising forces of Socllaism.   Moreover, it is par-
duct or value, Is coralled by the capitalist by virtue of his ownership of the I ,    ,   , . . .    ,, .    ,
j    .,      ,„,.    .,.,,,        ticularly useful to the party in power
means of production. Who, then,   alone    ' „.,,.,,
,        .j     •' ;. ' , . *     .      1 at present as an effective election slo-
have the wherewithal to pay the tax- , , , .
_.  ,     - -    '   '       1       I gan,  and  as  a universal  excuse  for
es,   you say.   Undoubtedly they have [7   , ,,„..     . ...    ,    j
,,    ,*      , '•    ' ,       '        , i broken promises.    Without the Lords
lt;  but they did not produce it,   al-1
though they may howl out from every
nook and corner that they did, by their
organization (disorganization, I call
I it) of society. This is their one strong
plea for their existence today, that only
for them and their capital the workers
would actually starve.   Too bad! ain't
it? And the hell of it is, so many 1 who acordlng to the Morning Leader
workers believe them; and lots of them (Nov 25th) is stanaillg down for a
starving, too. , "]ab0r" man  in  East Glamorgan, as
When \v» say that the capitalists part ot the unho-y liD.iau compact, and
maintain t$e Dreadnaughts, the ques- „wlI1 aoce[)t a peerage" apparently in
tlon naturally arises: "Are they them- recompense. How, then, ca,n the Lib-
selves self-sustained?" Do the capital- erals,abolish the House of Lords?
ists maintain themselves? They say The Conservatives are refreshingly
they do. We Socialists say they don't. tvank regarding their chief reason for
They say they are a necessary cog In desiring to retain or  strengthen the
I the Liberals would cut a very sorry
I figure— and  well  they  know It.    A
I peerage is the latter pa'rty's campaign-
fund   contributor's   expected , reward.
Moreover, many opulent supporters of
. the present Government are even now
I impatiently awaiting    their   peerage,
and as an instance, Sir Alfred Thomas,
Our esteemed contemporary "The
Weekly People" takes exception to
Ihe Clarion's assertion "that strikes,
lockouts, etc., are no part of the class
struggle," an assertion which we do
Hot recollect having exactly made, but
that by the way; that Danny should
take exception to it, whether we said
It, or not, is only natural and would
call for no comment from us, the editorial in question being about as luminous as Danny's famous dictum that
"tbe central basic error of trade-unionism Is Its solar system concept of the
the wheel of production. We say they
are entirely unnecessary, are a parasitic outgrowth of the workers' Ignorance, and will be eliminated when the
workers become enlightened to their
actual condition. ^
It looks to me a simple mathematical
The workers maintain the capitalists.
The capitalists maintain the Dreadnaughts
Therefore, the workers maintain the
Another illustration: Take four
blocks of wood—which will also do to
represent their qualities—and place
them one on top of the other. The bottom block is tbe workers; the next,
tbe capitalist; tbe next, the state, capital's centralized expression; and the
top one, the Dreadnaughts, which are
tbe state's, and therefore also capital's slave. The whole superstructure
rests on the bottom block, the working
wooden block, and If you pull lt away
the whole structure topples, the foundation being gone. To say that the
capitalist maintains the state, and
through It the Dreadnaughts, Is forgetting the foundation upon which he
rests, and giving him reaspn to think
he is IT.
I am thoroughly convinced that if the
worker can be brought to realize that
the whole concern rests on his shoulders, and that he is not allowed to live
through any benignity on the part of
Lords. The Observer for Nov. 28th,
"At all costs we must avoid a Constitutional deception which could only
be a screen for the proceedings of any
Socialistic majority of the future. If
there Is to be any change ln the composition of the House of Lords as it
exists, there Is no escape whatever
from the Inexorable dilemma on which
we have insisted again and again.
There must either be a stronger Second Chamber or no Second Chamber."
The Second Chamber has been abol-
Headquarters and Reading Room,
Room 1, Eagle Building, 1319 Government St. Business meeting every
Tuesday evening, 8 p.m. Fropoganda
meetings every Sunday at Grand
Theatre. Jas. Mclndoe, Secretary,
Room 1, 1319 Government St.
LOOAL     COLEMAN.     ALTA,,     NO.     S.
Meets every Sunday night In the
Miners' Hall and Opera House at 8
p.m. Everybody welcome. Socialist
speakers are invited to call. H. J.
Smith, Secy.
P. of C. Meets every Thursday at 8
p.111.,62? Firet S'. Busness and propaganda
meetings combined. J. R. Huntbach,
Secy., 161 First St. S.; R. MacQuarrie,
Organizer, 623 Second St.
LOOAL  NANAIMO,  NO.  3,  S.  P.  of  C,
meets every alternate Sunday evening
in Foresters Hall. Business meeting
at 7:00 o'clock sharp. Propaganda
meeting commences at 8:00 o'clockl
Jack  Place,- Rec.   Secy.,  Box  826.
quurUrs, Kerr's Hull, 120 1-2 Adelaide Street
upp.Koblin Hotel. Buslnessmeetlng every
Sunday morning 11 a. in. Propaganda
meeting Sunday evening 8 p.m. Elvery-
body welcome.       Secretary. J, W. Killing,
3;o Voting bt; organizer, D.  McDougall, 412
Jarvis St
LOOAL   FEBNIE,   S.   T,   ot   O,   BOLDS
educational meetings in the Miners'
Union Hall, Victoria Ave., Fernle,
every Sunday evening at 7:45. Business meeting first Sunday in each
month, same place at 2:30 p m. J.
Lancaster, Sec Box 164.
LOCAL  OTTAWA,  NO.  8,   S.  P.  OP  O.
Business meeting 1st Sunday in
month, and propaganda meetings following Sundays at 8 p.m. ln Roberta-
Allan Hall, 78 Rldeau St. A. J. Mc-
Collum, 68 Slater St., Secretary.
C, meets every Sunday In Miners'
Union Hall at 7:30 p.m. Business
meetings, 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
nioutn     Geo   H n'lierton.  orgunizeri R "J
Cimipl ell, Secretary, Box 124.
C, meets every Friday nigbt at 7:30
ln Tlmmlna' Hall, cor. of Seventh and
Tronson Sts. Business and propaganda combined. Edgar smith, Secretary, Vernon, B.  C.
LOOAL   COBALT,   tlO.   »,   B.   P.   OP   a
Propaganda and business' meeting*
every Wednesday at 8 p.m. In Miners'
Hall. Everybody Invited to attend.
Arthur L. Botley, Secy., Box. 446.
LOOAL   BERLIN,   ONT.,   NO.   4,   S.   P.
of C, meeta every second- and fourth
Wednesday evenings, at 8 p.m., 66
King St. E., opposite Market Hotel.
H. Martin, Secretary, 61 Weber St. E.
LOOAL     PRINCE     RUPEBT,     B.     C.,'
meets every Sunday at 8 p.m., on the
street corners and various halls. J. 'B.
King,  Secretary.
Business and Propaganda meeting
every Thursday at 8 p.m. In Macdon-
ald's hall. Union Street. All are welcome. Alfred Nash, Corresponding
Secretary, Glace Bay; Wm. Sutherland, Organieer, New Aberdeen; H. G.
Ross, Financial Secretary, orlloe in D.
N. Brodie Printing Co. building, Union
Directory of Western Federation of Miners in British
Executive Board Member        ....      Wm, Davidson, Sandon
President ...        Jno. A. McKinnon, Rosilsni
Vice-President Thos. J. McKay, Greenwooi
Secretary-Treasurer •        •        ■ -A. Shilland, Sandon
No.      Name             Meeting            Pre.. Sec'y. P.O.
Night Box
                          . 1
ished once in English history, only to [11s
be restored and to maintain Its position as an integral part of capitalist
government. Even prominent Liberals IP-day, such as Mr. Haldane, con
fess to .an anxiety to retain the upper
house ln some form; and regarding
the projects for adapting that chamber
more closely to modern conditions, it
is obvious that capitalist reform of the
Lords would mean a strengthening of
that body against working class advance. .
Whatever may be the final details of
the decision of the Lords on the Finance Bill; whatever the terms of Mr. As-
qulth's resolution in Imitation of that
of Lord Palmerston; whatever the result of the January elections that are
to follow, it remains practically certain that beneath all the bluff the
privileges of the peers have been increased through the supine poicy the
Liberals have indicated they will fol-
Grand Forks..
Greenwood   ...
Kimberly   ....
M, 4 s. U.
'"" lsc
IRossland   ...
Sllverton  ....
Trail M * it.
Ymir  7	
  |C. Cairns	
Wm. Wlnslow {James Tobln	
1'atrick O'Connor  W. K. Madden	
Charles Blrce Geo.   Heatherton..
C. Bennett T.  H. Rotherham.
Mike McAndrews.. H. T. Rainbow....
Joe Armstrong A. E. Carter	
Fred Mellette [Chas.  short	
B. Lundln ,	
Malcolm  McNeill.
R. Ritchie	
R. Sllverthorn...
I J. A. McKinnon...
L. R. Mclnnis...
Robert Malroy...
Blair Carter	
Jq. B. Molntoih...
IWtn. He.keth	
James Roberts.
F. Phillips  ....
W. A. Plckard.
J. Hays
ies Ro
Geo. Casey
A.  Shilland.	
Fred   Llebscher...
D,  B. O-NsalU....
W.   B.  McJsaax.
Orand  Forks
Jlocan City
Van Anda .
the capitalist, but on the contrary that Ilow'
*   _        D.Ei r IN H.c' -ClCFi*-'^
C    PETERS   Practical Boot J
u. rc.1c.n5 .rtihoeiJEM
Hand-Made Boot, and  Shoe, to order in
all -tylM.   Rep.irlnjr promptly and neatly
ly done.    Stock of staple ready-made
' Shoe, slw.y. on hand.
till Wntsliitir Avi.
the capitalist as a class is allowed to
live through his Idiocy and woodon-
hendoiliiess, he would then be enabled
to sum up the situation a little clearer.
To tell him that the capitalist pays for
the Drendnaughts, leads him to believe
that the capitalist really does produce
something after all; and that, far from
being able to do without him, It might
actually be dangerous to the worker's
very existence to eliminate him.
The worker would then naturally begin to enquire why lt is that if these
state weapons, the Dreadnaughts and
the army, are maintained from bis production, he does not control them. In
fact, when he strikes for better conditions they are actually used against
Yet even the threatened strengthening of that bulwark against revolution
will, jnspite of Its intention, fortify the
revolutonary movement. It will be another factor helping the workers to
see the futility of compromise with
capitalist parties, and it will further
demonstrate the crying need for a determined, Intelligent and really Independent policy on the part of the
workers for the revolutionary conquest of the State for Socialism.— Socialist  Standerd.
The drawing for the Library of Original Sources will take place Monday,
January 17th.. .Comrades having tickets to sell are requested to return the
stubs as soon as possible.
j solid-, the business of Manufacturers,
Engineers ami otnerB who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent upon
request. Marion & Marion, New York I«ife litdg,
Montreal: ' »d Washington, D.O., U.S.A.
Tradc Marks
■ copyriqhts ac.
Anyone ■oiullnf a sketch andjlescrjptlon may
Cilckl*; ascertain our opinion free wfiether an
Intention Is probably prUeiitfthle. Communications strictly coi.ndetitlal. HANDBOOK on Patents
aoiitfroe. Oldest scenry for securing patents.
Patents taken tliroiuU Hunu A (Jo. receive
ipteial notice, without chare*, In tbe
Scientific American.
A handsomely Illustrated weekly. T-anreit circulation of any tGlentlflo Journal. Terms, |3 a
year: four months, $L Sold byall newsdealers.
..»...,«>01f,,Br"d«'»„e„ ,
Branch Office, 436 F frt, Washington. P.
Propaganda Meeting
Sunday Evening, 8 o'Clock
City Hall
Vancouver B* G,
"T   V-Fr.ffn    Atii*
>-"*rrr v>
Tb'-' Page Is Devoted to Reports of Executive Committees, Locals
and General Party Matters—Address All Communications to
D. G. McKenzie, Sec, Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Supplies will be furnished Locals
by Executive Committees at the following prices:
Charter   (wltb    necessary    supplies to start Local) 16.00
Membership Cards,  each   	
Dues Stamps, each	
Platform  and  application  blank
per 100   •••
Ditto ln Finnish, per 100	
Ditto in Ukrainian, per 100 —
Ditto in Italian, per 100	
Constitutions', each 	
Ditto, Finnish, per dozen 	
This paper is mailed to every subscriber every Friday morning. Once In
a blue moon, sometimes twice.we fall
down and are a day late. But If you
don't get It every week with reasonable regularity make sure your sub.
has not expired and then go and have
a session with you Postmaster. If that
brings no results try the P. O. Inspector, Vancouver. B. C.
Business meeting held Monday, January 3, 1910.
Present—Comrades   Mengel   (chairman), Morgan, Peterson, and the Secretary?
Former officers re-elected.
Minutes    of    previous meeting affirmed.
Charter granted Locals South Wellington, B. C, and Fort William, Ont.,
Communications dealt with from Ontario aud Alberta Executives; from
Locals Toronto and Hamilton, Out.;
"Winnipeg and Valley River, Man.;
Bowden, Alta.; and New Finnland,
Ontario Executive, on account,
per Gribble  $75.00
Alberta Executive, on account..   25.00
Local    New   Finnland,    Sask.,
stamps      2.00
G. Sykes, due,from Fernle convention        .60
Button 50
Clarion maintenance fund—J.
Stewart, 50c; J. S., per Welling, $2.50
Editor Western Clarion:
Dear Mac,—Quite a while since I
sent you a line. But have been very
busy, so that must be my excuse. I
have been In the East this last couple
of months. Addressed two good meetings In tbe Nickel Theatre, Ottawa.
The Ottawa Comrades are going ahead
slowly but surely. There is some real
good revolutionary young blood in the
movement there which, will tell ere
long. After leaving Ottawa I came to
Brockvllle, where I stopped a week,
speaking four times to fair audiences.
The Brockvllle Comrades are full of
enthusiasm. They have hired a hall
for a year and intend to push the propaganda. What they want now is to
organize a speakers' and economic
study class.
From Brockvllle came on to Toronto and put up at Gribble's notorious
shack. The Toronto bunch are a great
outfit and will do big things for the
cause. The average of intelligence Is
high and they are exceptionally well
posted on economics. Local 24 did me
the honor of putting me up at the Labor Temple twice. The flrst time
speaking on "Imperialism," and the
second on "The Struggle for Existence." I was kind of shy, having
heard that the boys here made a practice of jumping on anyone who couldn't repeat the first, second and third
volumes of "Capital" by heart. However, instead of this, the bunch proved
as good listeners and as kindly critics as I have ever met.
Expect to be going back to Elk
Lake In a week and will endeavor to
organize a Local ln the Gowganda district.
Yours for the full Revolution,
134 Hogarth avenue, Toronto, Canada.
fasfetont "Routing SpclallstF^fi-jeaJrsrs
Made Easy." ,,|
| When one gets the route mapped
out and dates arranged, one of the
very pleasant features Is to have one
place drop you a note on 24 hours' notice cancelling this date or wanting a
change of date. In this case Rossland
had date of Wednesday, Dec. 29, and
then sent in on the 27th for no meeting or change to Jan. 2nd; also Creston, having date Dec. 31, cancels same
on notice so short that it is Impossible
to make changes, and Com. Gribble
had to go to Moyie a day ahead of his
time, also had to lose two days on account of Rossland's cancelation. Of
course we realize that the holiday season ls a somewhat bad time to arrange
for public meetings, nevertheless-we
should embrace every opportunity.
Am mailing you under seperate cover
the history of Jim's tears. If yon look
on page 488 of the October Labor Gazette you will also see the 0. P.
R. also shed many tears over the welfare of their employees. Most people
have to die before they are loved
much, but not so with the dear employees of the C. P. R. and the whole
people with the G. N. R.
New   Brufrtft-i-ik. ':*' December?,
Clarion, December surplus.    42.70
Total  $148.80
Warrants authorized: For Clarion,
December card, ?1.00; postage and ex-
pressage, $4.50; Secretary's December
salary, $15.00.
Date ot drawing for Library of Original Sources set for next meeting
night, Monday, Jan. 17th.
Meeting held Monday, January 3rd,
Former officers re-elected.
Minutes of previous meeting approved.
Communications dealt with from Locals Victoria, Nanaimo, Ladysmlth
Finnish, South Salt Spring, Courtenay,
Port Moody, Vernon, Sandon, Phoenix
and Hosmer, and from Organizer Gribble and Comrades- Ed. Uptflh and Jas.
Warrants authorized for printing,
$5,00; Clarion, December card, $1.00;
Secretary's December salary, $15.00.
Ruled that representatives of the S.
P.'otC. In the legislature should ob-
serive the rules of the House, insofar
as-consistent with principle.
Local.Phoenix, stamps'. $ 5.00
Local Courtenay, stamps..     2.00'
Local. Vernon, .stamps     3.00
Local Port Moody, stamps j. ...    2.09
Local      Ladysmlth i    Finnish,
stamps     10.00
Local Victoria, assessment and
supplies      22.50
Local Hosmer, buttons    10.00
Local Nanalmo, cards 60
Local South Salt Spring, cards      .25
Local South Wellington, charter    8.50
A. Shilland, organizing     1.50
Button and literature.
brought the third (North.Range, NJ3.)
and just two years since the latter
event there are fifteen Locals, with: a
Maritime Executive, an opening for
a candidate in Cape Breton county,
and good prospects for a rousing Marl
time Socialist convention during the
coming year. Long live the Revolution! H. H. STUART.
Total    171.25
Phone 5331 413 Prior Street
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrade,—
Several days ago we had the privilege of having Comrade Gribble with
us and listening to his remarks on the
Intelligence (?) of the workers and on
social conditions today. We did not
have a large meeting, owing to night
being Intensely cold and a number of
the Comrades working in the stores,
but particularly the apathy and In
difference of the workers who seem
to sell their labor power for a day'B
oats and are apparently content as
long as they can hold their jobs.
What most particularly struck the
writer was Comrade Gribble's emphasis upon the fact that we must keep
our Party on straight revolutionary
lines and strive, not to make votes,
but class conscious revolutionists who
would be ready if necessary to back
up their votes by force, because, as he
pointed out, if it comes to fighting, as
it probably will, it would be nothing
short of disaster to the Party, not to
speak of the long drop on a rope for
the foremost rebels, to have a large
bunch of reformers and reactionaries
in the movement who would desert
and back down at the last moment.
Stay with your guns, Comrade Editor,
and B. C. bunch of "fanatics"; half-
baked Socialists must come up to
the mark or go, we have no use for
them, they only endanger the movement and must get out,
In one of your late issues you made
a few half-apologetic remarks com'
mending Comrade Gribble which were
not good enough. Why should we wait
until a man dies or kills himself for
the cause, to say that'we, his Comrades, appreciate his worth. Here is
a man of ability, who denies himself
the common comforts of life, a man
who has been brought up to appreciate
a home, yet denies himself one, travelling all over the country In all kinds
of weather to spread the gospel of
freedom from wage slavery, when he
might be making a very comfortable
living for himself.
All right, Comrade Editor. I'll cut
it short, but I would rather do this
than subscribe to his funeral expenses.
By the way, he ls not well and should
be side-tracked somewhere for a few
weeks; he is too valuable an animal
to kill by overworking.
Comrade Cassidy from Winnipeg has
anchored here and will try his hand
at showing the point of exploitation to
railroaders—not the easiest work.
Yours in Revolt,
60c per year
Two for a dollar
Six months 25c.
rHttiaM st C-twansvlHs.r.0. -
Nelson, B. C, Jan. 2, 1910.
Comrade Gribble delivered in Nelson on the evening of Dec. 30 one of
the finest lectures on the social question lt'has been our good luck to hear
in a long time.
I have been thinking of trying to
l»rlte an article for the Clarion on the
question of routing Socialist speakers
and heading lt somewhat aftef this
After a dozen years of educational
work carried on by a few scattered
Comrades at great Inconvenience and
In several cases of personal loss, Socialism is now firmly planted in the
provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. We have fifteen Locals, distributed as follows:
New Brunswick—Fredericton, No. 1,
organized on July 28, 1902; Albert, No.
2, January, 1908; McAdam, No. 3, organized in February, 1908, and reorganized by Comrade Gribble last summer; Newcastle, No. 4, May 16, 1909;
Moncton, No. 5, and St. John, No. 6.
Nova Scotia—Glace Bay, No. 1, organized Nov. 22, 1904;  Amherst, No.
2, January,  1909;  New Glasgow,  No.
3, February, 1909; Springhill, No. 4,
May 18, 1909; Sydney, Sydney Mines,
and Donkin, all organized in 1909;
Halifax, 1909; and North Range, organized as an independent Local in
Dec, 1907, and affiliated with the S.
P. of C. in 1909.
The flrst Socialist organization In
the Maritime Provinces was Halifax
section of the Socialist Labor Party,
founded early in 1899, and disrupted
later in the same year, but not till It
had sown precious seed that is now
bearing good fruit.
The Fabian League of St. John appeared in 1901 or 1902, holding a forum for the discussion of all kinds of
political questions, including Marxian
Socialism. It had some armed Socialists among its members, but these
were not able to swing the society into
unison with any recognized Socialist
Party, and so the league, being neither
hot nor cold, pleased nobody and soon
died out. Its founder, W. F. Hathe-
way, Is now a "Labor Conservative"
member of the N. B. legislature; and
a militant Socialist organization founded by Comrade Gribble and composed of different and much more revolutionary material, has, this year, arisen
upon Its ruins.
The Maritime tour of Comrade Grib-
lfle, commencing in Newcastle, May
5th, and ending there on October 24th,
greatly hastened the formation, of Locals in places where Socialist seed
had been sown. By his forcible, clear-
cut, class-conscious, and thoroughly
honest addresses he drove the truth
home to his audiences and put the finishing touch to the work that had been
done before his arrival.
Comrade Haywood's speeches ln McAdam, St. John, Moncton, Amherst,
Springhill, Sydney, Glace Bay, Donkin,
Dominion and Halifax drew large
crowds and sowed more good Socialist
seed. The red flag -was planted ln Dominion on the 20th instant, when, at a
meeting addressed by Alex. McKinnon
of Glace Bay, and the writer, fourteen
recruits enrolled in the Party. These
may be organized into a new Local or
attached to Glace Bay Local until the
strike Is ended.
The Maritime Executive, seven of
whose members belong to Glace Bay
Local, are wideawake and may safely
be trusted with the Party's Interests
in the far East.
In Cape Breton county, where there
are four Locals besides the branch
lately organized at Dominion, the Comrades will contest the next provincial
-.■lection. Already both old parties are
much worried over the new Party's
members and influence. They may
be still more exclled after tli* votes
are counted.
A great change has come over the
eastern provinces in two years. When
I visited Sydney and Glace Bay, in
August, 1907, there was hut one Socialist Local (Glace Bay) in Nova
Scotia, and hut one (Fredericton)   in
neighbors,  send for a bundle of
"RbfortchyJ Na*o<P
the organ of the Ukrainian comrades in Canada.
50 ccntf a year
)35 Stephen St.       Winnipeg, Man.
It is impossible to conceal from our
selves the fact tbat tbe temptations of
modern life are so deadly that character and reputations are collapsing with
sickening frequency. The Montreal revelations provide only one instance.
It is not merely the weak who fall but
the strong. Clean, kindly, religious
men stoop to methods so tricky, hard,
and rapacious, that we stand aghast
whenever the curtain is drawn aside,
and we are shown the inside facts.
It is not merely that individuals fall
here and there. The occasional lapse
of an lndlvdual would have little
weight. But whenever the probe ls
inserted, meat-packers, ice- trusts, insurance companies are found lawless
and brazenly rotten whether judged
by moral or legal standards.
Every business man who has fine
moral discernment knows that he is
constantly driven by the pressure of
business necessity into actions of
which he is ashamed. Men do not
want to do these things, but in a given
situation they have to if they want
to survive or prosper, and the sum of
these crooked actions give an evil turn
to their lives. Our business life borders so closely on dishonesty that men
are hardly aware when they cross the
line. The Commons are trying to outlaw gambling, but it is one of the national vices, and our whole commerce
is saturated with the spirit of it. The
same parliament which is trying to
outlaw gambling on the one hand, on
the other encourages mendacity and
servility by bestowing patronage under
what is practically a system of blackmail. But In no particular is the political standard below the ethical standard of the people. We make It a
criminal offence for a government
official to profit by a contract which
be awards or mediates; in business
life this Is an everyday occurrence.
What wonder if governments are corrupt when their corruption is the respectability of business life.
Not a few business men believe today that it is impossible to conduct
business with strict regard to truth.
A traveler for a great Naw York house
said: "Of course I give presents, or
if you prefer to call lt so, commissions
and bribes. You can't do the business
in any other way. I'm not paid a
salary of $10,000 a year to hesitate at
a little check giving when I cannot
get the business otherwise. I have an
understanding with our house that I
can draw up to $25,000 a year and no
questions asked. Oft-times I meet a
squeainish cuss and have to handle
him with gloves. I'll get him around
to my hotel in the evening and we'll
have drinks and cigars served and a
little game of poker; of course I always lose. Nothing ls said, but I book
a good order before I go, and really
this Is one of the cheapest methods;
when the man comes right out and
asks for money then I usually have to
pay a big price." Our commercial life
stimulates the gambling instinct.
Above the entrance to a penal institu
tlon the motto has been Inscribed:
"The worst day ln the life of a young
man ls when he gets the idea that he
can get a dollar without doing a
dollar's worth of work for lt." That
is very good sense, but would not be
appropriate ln our great Institutions of
The counts in the indictment could
be multiplied at pleasure. We are continually ask.-d   to  introduce  business
methods iuto politics and government,
and to vote for business men In office.
But this ls certainly no remedy for
corruption.    For a government to be
"commercialized" means to be demor
alized.   Industry and  commerce  are
good;    they serve the needs of men
The men eminent In Industry and commerce are good men, with    the    line
qualities of   human nature.    But the
organization of industry and commerce
ts Buch that along with its useful ser
vice It brings a love of luxury and die
play   that   carries   Infection   to   all
classes.     Competitive    industry    has
poured vast wealth into the laps of a
limited number, and this limited number have  set  a fashion  in  spending
which has nothing enobling about it.
Each class tries   to imitate the  one
higher up, and the ostentation of the
rich lures all society into Ihe worship
of false gods.   The embezzlements  of
business men, the nervous break-down
of women, the ruin of girls are largely
caused by the unnatural pace set   by
those who have more of the results of
labor than they earn or deserve.    We
approach economic problems too much
from the point of view of wealth and
not of man.    But wealth which uses
up the people paves the way to beggary.   The question: How much labor
does Industry need to flourish and produce dividends? must be changed to:
How ought Industry to be organized In
order to foster the family,  the  individual and   all   human  verities   and
values?-—St. John Sun.
The economic class of the Vancouver Local is surely coming into its own
at last. Having lived through opposition, not very decided certainly, but
still opposition, it is beginning to justify Its existence, to prove its right to
consideration. Last Sunday evening's
meeting in the City Hall was more
than by way of being an innovation
It was good business. It was a feather ln the cap of the lecture secretary.
The death of Comrade Dreaver left
a blank ln the arrangements that
might have been filled easily ln other
ways, but the originality of the Silent
Petersen had a good channel through
which to express itself, and the result has been pleasantly surprising to
all concerned. Three speakers on the
platform ln one night looked pretty
good to the assembled plugs. Two of
them had never spoken before snd the
outcome of tbe experiment was tbe
cause of much discussion amongst
members of the Local. Whin it was
over, two new names had been added
to the secretary's list of possibles.
Comrade MacLeod, "the guy with
the bum eye," put the crowd through
the mill for a starter. He dealt with
condition of tbe toiler in all the ages
from the inception of slavery through
chattel slavery and serfdom to the
modern wage system, with its thin veil
of hypothetical freedom. In sure and
confident tones, Mac laid down the
law, pointed out to the Intelligent
bunch of mules what they were, what
they existed for, and what they were
up against.
When he had finished, the chairman
introduced the second member of the
trio as "a real lord" in the Socialist
Party. The said Lord is another unit
of the proletarian rabble, and in his.
remarks declaimed against anyone ascribing characteristics of a bourgeois
nature to him. Those who know him
personally have no doubts about the
question. After burying the table In
a mass of newspaper cutting-1 (only
one of which was used, however),
Comrade Lord quoted the Hon. Billy
Bowser to the great Injury of that
honorable gent. "I wlll represent the
interests that send me to Victoria.
Anything that stands In the way of
tbe full and free development of British Columbia I will not stand for, and
I wlll not be dictated to by any trades
and labor council." So spoke the attorney-general In Vancouver during
the last election campaing, and the
bard-faced representative ot the mob
on the platform did not forget to send
the message home. Yet we find workingmen on the platform of would-be
Mayor L. 33. Taylor, stating that, "Socialists have nothing against him
(Taylor), but they have a great deal
against Mayor Douglas." The prty responsible for this masterful assertion
is, I believe, a leading member of the
Trades and Labor Council. The most
Interesting point in Lord's speech, how
ever, was the reading of an extract
from the Province of a recent date,
dealing with the death of Leopold,
"king of all the Belgians," wherein we
are told that "every man, woman and
child In the Congo Free SHtate Is as
much the private property of the king
as his watch chain." As MacLeod had
shown that Vancouver outfit what
their class was in the past and the
present, Lord portrayed what the future held for them, unless—?
Comrade Valentine held the platform till the finish of the meeting by
describing some of the processes in
the manufacture of criminals, uncovering the true criminal in the marauding and reeking modern capitalist.
"The worst that ever blackened the
canvas of history." Four or five questions, more or less successfully answered, and the appearance of two
argumentative comrades on the platform brought the meeting to a close.
There are surely a few more members
of the Local quite as capable of getting on tbe stump and who, with a
little persistence, would make first-
rate speakers. Let us hope that the
secretary will get after them tn view
of the fact that It has been proposed
to run propaganda meetings on the
outskirts of the city. We cannot extend the scope of our action If we have
only a few orators In the Local, as lt
is obviously out of the question to ex-
Jfere and Tfow
Comrade Henry Judd, Brackendale,
B. C, writes for a Party button with
his order for a bundle weekly during
the session. He says, "We want that
extra copy with the opposition speeches." If every Local In Canada will do
likewise It will be easy. A bundle of
five copies a week for 20 weeks is only
a dollar. -
• •   •
Comrade Norman Macauley sends In
his change of address, notice also one
renewal and a new sub.
• •' »
A chance in the drawing for the Library and an order for a bound volume of the Clarion for 1909 from Comrade Clarence V. Hoar, Portland, Ma.',
U. S. A.
»   »   •
Locals Brantford, Ont., and Sandon,
B. C. pay for their Campaign edition
•   •   •
Comrade Harry PeterB, Guelph, Ont,
also wants a bound volume of the Clarion for 1909.
»   •   *
Three yearlles to hand from Comrade L. E. Drake, Bellevue, Alta. Commenting on the "milk and water Socialists" who say we are too "radical" he
wonders "if they would feel radical if
they were obliged to pack 46 pounds
of shoddy blankets and such truck all
winter ln search of a job."
a ' •    *
One yearly, a bundle of five a week
for 20 weeks, one six months, and one
three month subs , all from Comrade
J. Stewart, Toronto, Ont.
Does your Local want the Clarion to
become a semi-weekly—If so how much
does lt want it?
• •   *
Four yearlles fall victims to the
seductive Gribble in B. C. and three
yearlles to Comrade O'Brien from as
many parts in Alberta.
• *   •
More Clarion subs, mean more votes
and better still more Socialists. The
five yearlles that Comrade John Rivers sends ln from Sointula, B. C, will
double many times before the next
time for counting noses com9g.
• •   •
The best New Year's resolution a
Socialist can make ls to rustle subs,
for the Clarion. The following Comrades doubled up since last report:
Alex McLennan, Kelowna, B. C; F. P.
Howard, Greenwood, B. C; Alex. McDonald, Calgary, Alta.; J. B. Pattan,
Falrvlew, B. C; Mrs. E. Bellemore,
Toronto, Ont.; Roscoe A. Fillmore, Albert, N. B.; John Baychuck, Hosmer,
B. C; H. Collingwood, North Battleford, Sask.; J. E. Mickelson, Bawlf,
Alta.; Lestor, Vancouver, B. C.
• •   •
J. B., Manchester, Eng., Five shillings
pays for the Clarion for one year and
threemonths. The subscription price
ls the same all over the world—one dollar a year.
• *   »
W. W. Lefeaux, Revelstoke, B. C.
The two dollars were received and
paper duly sent. The other two dollars go for two chances at the Library.
• •   •
Comrade W. W. Lefeaux, Revelstoke,
B. C, increases the Clarion list by another pair.
Only those on the voters' list can
»    *   •
Gompers and Mitchell have not yet
got what they voted for. Here's hoping
they will, and get lt good and plenty.
• •   *
Locals should be very careful In admitting new members. There Is no
place in the labdr movement for quitters or men who are not prepared to
stand by tbe pledge of membership.
•   •   »
Economic power    Is   power    over
wealth production.   Power over wealth
production Implies ownership of the
means of wealth production.  The capitalist  class   alone   possess  economic
power.   The only power the working
class possesses Is political power to
obtain economic power by taking pos-
——————————,—————-—————————, session of the means of wealth pro-
pect three or four  Individuals to dolductlon     The aooner the better,
all the work.   SHo let all the would-be | •   •   •
speakers get busy and do their Btunt.	
"The workers' must
 _^^^^^    have   leaders i    If you want a bound volume of the
and must trust them," sys Wlnfield Clarion for 1909 you had better order
Gaylord. "Social Democrat." But to now. Only as many volumes as are
our mind the workers have done that ordered will be bound. .Last year a
too often and rued it. Let the work- number of Comrades got left by not
ers henceforth trust no one less than ordering in time,
their "leaders." !..Price $2.50.
Demand Cigars Bearing this Label
'Union-made Cigars.  -,____.
I    mom.**mmmanmmyMmtm<*e<t**ltTnmm>mmmm,
mi |,II   ii»»-.1MJ|i|--<»-^.Isi
Which Stand* for a Li-ring- Wag*
Vancouver Local 867.
556 'OUR
•ii'fiii'iiT'- '!-''•
!L_ i ■    i      ' ■
3t*0Lt VRtiti ""f HEf'BLtJE.
It dropped like a bolt from the blue.
My Comrade the Revolutionary barber and I were discussing our fellow-
man. We had just reached the comforting conclusion that all humanity
was batty save and except the Socialists. We, the Socialists, were the
only people with any foresight and intelligence; in fact, we were it, when
the door opened and he stood before
us. I confess there was a look about
him I did not like. For one thing he
came in bo silently and tben he was
bo cheerful and—rather fat. He stood
for a moment with a bless-you-my-
chlldren air and then opened fire.
"I am Hannibal Hector Bummer. I
peddle the Appeal to Reason, the Rip
Saw, Buck Saw, Band Saw, Clawhammer, Broad Axe, Social Augur, Mental
Pile Driver, and Weekly Scandal Bawl-
er. I have been ln prison 999 times
for Socialism, poisoned twice, branded and chased out of every state in
tbe Union, had supper with Abe Lincoln, dinner with General Grant, and
spoken with B. T. 'Washington, forty-
second cousin twice removed of General Washington. I am now forced to
sell revolutionary literature for a living and also am carrying a splendid
side line. My (and he raised bis
voice) wonderful and universal corn
and bunion plaster. You see (producing a box of the aforesaid) all that
yon do ls to apply the plaster to the
toe or any part of the human frame affected, with the fasting spittle, and the
corn or bunion will fade away. Any
dear comrade wishing to purchase this
remarkable remedy may obtain the
same at a 20 per cent, reduction, by
which I incur a slight loss, and I also
make him a present of my beautiful
puzzle picture."
His manner of speech somehow suggested a gasoline engine, and all at
once he ran out of oil, took a seat, began to unpack his goods. In this position I was able to- study him a little.
Here he ls, in case any Comrade falls
in with him again. As I bave said, he
was rather fat and had a cheerful grin,
a faded old suit of clothes and a soft
felt bat. His age I had no way of determining, as he seemed to have spent
the threescore years and ten allotted
to the average human, in gaol. Complexion he had none, but bis face was
dusky (I didn't like to say It was dirty), which one may put down to sunburn, the effects of prison diet, or it
may be the Paris green with which
some unkindly warder had tried to poison him, had worked into his blood. I
think that he was born white, for at
the end of his nose, where dew drops
hung, faint white spots were visible.
Grimly lie unpacked his grip, although I hastened to tell him that as
we were Socialists we only took Socialist papers and had no Interest in
yellow Journals. All to no purpose;
like fate, relentlessly he unfolded his
wares and tried to force them upon us.
My comrade, who all this time had
been slowly stropping a razor and
grimly testing its edge, again pointed
out that we were not interested ln his
reformist truck but only read revolutionary books. It dawned upon him
slowly. "Rev-o-lutlon-ary books!" he
said slowly; "wal, I guess, comrades,
that's all I carry along. If this* here
book, 'The People and the Hotel Keeper,' a study in quart pots, ain't revolutionary, tell me, and this (he held up
a little fat volume) is the pure dope,
'Socialism and the Merry Widow Hat,'
an appeal to milliners, wltb an introduction by Eugene V. Debs. Here's
another: 'Martyrdom—the Better Side
of Socialism,' also with an Introduction
by Debs. What more do you want
than that? Ain't that the real red?
Now, dear comrades, can't I take a
sub. from you for any of them papers
I mentioned? They're all right. 'Tis
them papers, sir (and he turned upon
me fiercely) as Ib blasting tbe ground
from under the citadel of capitalism.
That's the goods that will send the
capitalist monster wallowln' down into Its own filthy slime. These shafts
from the Socialist quiver strike
straight at the worker's heart so that
he responds like the little plants to
tbe sparklln' doo. Al] down tbe ages
the Appeal to Reason has battled for
the workln' class and It's up to you to
support It."
"Good friend," said I (I dared not
call him comrade) "the books and papers you mention are not Socialist literature. The literature of Socialism
has been written by Marx and Engels,
Bebel, Hax and others, and as to those
papers, I would rather give you a dollar than buy one of them."
This was terrible—rank heresy—and
he riled up.
"Not Socialist literature," he shouted, "why, sir, them papers have got
more concessions from the capitalist
than any others on this western continent, besides there ain't no other Socialist papers printed; I carry the
whole of them. You claim to be Socialists; what do you take, any way?"
I trembled and looked upon the
floor, for I could not stand the Are of
his eyes; but my comrade of the razor
shouted fiercely: "Why, the Western
Clarion, of course." "Oh! ! !" and
then silence. When at last I ventured
to look up he was standing ln the
door, still fuming.
"I might have known," he said; "I
might have known you belonged to
that clum-gasted British Columbia
school. Cuss your revolution and your
Western Clarion, sir"—and the door
"Ah, well," said I. "Ah, me," said
the barber.
This Local notes with satisfaction
the success which has attended the
propaganda carried on by the S. P. of
C. in the Dominion generally and in
the province in particular, as evidenced by the high standard of knowledge
and efficiency displayed by the membership as well as by tbe numbers
shown by the recent elections. This
Local is of opinion that this satisfactory state of affairs is due to the revolutionary and purely working class
stand taken by the party in its propaganda on platform and press, and in
its tactics.
This Local further commends the
Provincial Executive Committee in
that it has strictly adhered to a revolutionary working class policy. This
Local, however, notes the changed
political complexion of this province
and apprehends that greater inducements may exist and greater pressure
be brought to bear looking to a modification of the present attitude of the
Having in view these things, this
Local reaffirms its adherence to the
principles and policy of revolutionary
Socialism and further desires to impress upon the Provincial and Dominion Executive Committees the necessity °' exercising all prompt vigilance
against any open or surreptitious attitude on the party policy, and trusts
that they will continue acting on those
lines dictated by revolutionary principles and justified by experience.
Origin of Species, Darwin; Age
of Reason, Paine; Riddle of the
Universe, Haeckel. 25c, by mail
—Merrie England; Britain for the
British, Blatchford. 20c. each by
mail,   Send lor Catalogue.
The People's Book Store
142 Cordova St. W.
Mr. Untermann says "It is quite evident that the fluctuations in the average value of products in the sphere of
of production and the fluctuations of
their average prices in the sphere of
curculation, must necessarily leave
thousands of openings for fluctuations
In the purchasing power of wages by
which the fundamental exploitation
of the laborers in production is intensified through his. additional exploitation as  Consumers."
In Mr. Untermann's economics, the
average values of products fluctuate,
the average prices of products fluctuate. Then, we read again of fluctuations of prices around the average
price, and of the fluctuations of values
around the average value, and of
prices fluctuating around values. During all tbese fluctuations tbere must
be thousands of openings, but I tblnk
these openings exist nowhere but ln
Mr. Untermann's knowledge of economic science.
In my former letters I tried to show
that the laborers cannot be exploited
through fluctuations ln value around
average value, because tbe decrease
In the purchasing power of the wages
of a certain group of laborers Is not
a case of capitalist exploitation at all.
The decrease Is absorbed by the higher purchasing of tbe wages received
by other groups of laborers. Individual variations in value around the
average value counterbalance each
other, and being variations in necessary value, they do not figure In exploitation at all.
We have also tried to show that the
laborers cannot be exploited of their
labor-values through the price of labor power, because the average price
of labor-power Is its necessary value,
and the laborers are exploited of the
surplus value created over and above
its necessary value, on average price
of labor-power.
In this letter we will examine Mr.
Untermann's proposition No. 2, in
which he states the second way in
which the laborers are exploited as
consumers: "By an increase In the
price of other products, which is not
counterbalanced by an increase in the
price of his wages." In this case
"commodities may he sold above their
actual labor value, and the laborers
wages are thus practically reduced although their money value is the same
as before." In column 5, Mr. Untermann cites three cases In support of
this proposition:
1. "Where certain commodities,
such as rooms, clothing, etc, rose in
price through the jugglery of financiers, while wages remain tbe same."
2. "Where the value of corn, meat,
bread, cheese, etc, rose because crops
failed, so that the laborers received
less of these goods for the same
3^ "Shortly after the rush to the
gold and silver mines in America,
there became an over-supply of these
metals, and as a result, they had depreciated in value. "The laborers (in
Europe), received for their labor the
same amount of silver coin as before.
The money price of their labor remained the same, and yet their wages
had fallen, for in exchange for the
same sum of silver they obtained a
smaller quantity of other commodities. In other words, the degree of exploitation in production remained the
same, but the laborers were further
exploited when they offered their wages for the necessities of life."
Of course, Mr. Untermann admits
that in these cases Marx does not
directly say that the laborers are exploited as consumers, but says that
it is evident from these bints that
Marx thought so. It is strange to what
length the Marxian plagiarist will go
in order to prove a pet theory.
Case No. 1.—When certain commodities such as "rooms, clothing, etc,"
were sold at a price above their actual labor-value through the jugglery
of financiers, but it is generally their
brother financiers that get juggled.
The quantity and quality of the laborer's necesssities is determined by his
money wage, so if his "rooms, clothing,
etc," rise in price, he moves out of the
rooms, and buys cheaper clothing, or
gets the old one patched.: The financiers cannot juggle the price of all
rooms and clothing, so if some rooms,
clotbing, etc, are sold at a price above
their value, there are certainly other
rooms, clotbing, etc. that are sold at
a price below their value. The average
laborer being under the necessity of
making his wages go as far as possible, he will buy the cheapest rooms,
clothing etc, and leave the high priced
one for the Capitalist and high-priced
laborer. If there is an increment of
a possible surplus value lying latent
In bis money wage, the laborer will detect it, and keep it, and fool Mr. Untermann and the capitalist.
Case No. 2.—"Where the value of
corn, meat, bread, cheese etc, rose because crops failed, so that the laborer
received less of these goods for the
same money." The laborers are certainly in a sorry plight If the financiers can turn adverse weather conditions into profit. A novice whi is not
too tired to think can easily perceive
that a rise in the value of corn, meat,
bread cheese, etc, through crop failure, is a rise in their necessary labor-
value; a result which may mean an
actual loss to the capitalists in surplus value.
The artisan cannot very well get
along with less of these farm products,
and if they rise in price, there will be
less of his wages left for the purchase
of manufactured products, which is
not very good for the industrial capitalist. Very often manufactured products are sold at a loss in seasons of
bad crops. During crop failure, the
artisan may pay more for farm products, but at the same time he may
pay relatively less for manufactured
products. Tbe extra amount which the
artisan must pay for farm products
through crop failure is not exploited by
the capitalist at all but goes to pay the
necessarily high labor value created
by farm laborers. The market for
farm products Is world wide; in some
countries farm produce may be sold
above its actual labor-value, but it is
the average world conditions that determine the value of farm products. It
ls hoped that the capitalists will not
get control of the crop conditions, but
if tbey do it will not be to raise the
necessary labor-value of farm products,
but to make them as low in cost as possible, so that the laborers' cost of reproducing his labor-power may become less, and so make more room
for larger profits.
Case No. 3.—In this case other products may be sold at their actual labor value, but the coin with which the
laborers were paid had depreciated in
value. The coin had, therefore, less
purchasing power, which amounts
practically to a fall in wages.
Here is another case where the boot
is on the wrong foot, because a depreciation in the measuring power of the
yardstick makes bad business for the
capitalists. Gold being the measure
of goods ln exchange, Its depreciation
in value affects only those who buy in
order to sell; or more correctly, It affects those who buy commodities at
one time to be sold at some other time,
or place, or who lend money at a set
price to be paid back at some future
time. An increase in the world's supply of gold and silver over the actual
needs of tne arts is coined Into money,
and an increase in the quantity of
money over actual needs is to depreciate the value of the dollar as a measure in exchange, consequently all Other
commodities rise in price, which is not
followed by a relative Increase in their
value.   This need not concern the la
borers, it only concerns those who buy
In order to sell.
To show that the depreciation in the
value of the dollar makes bad business
for the capitalists, I quote the following extracts from "The Gold Supply
and Prosperity," a book published by
the editor of Moody's Magazine:
"The value of gold will depreciate
as the quantity increases. This depreciation will be measured by a rise in
the price level.
A rising price level If long continued
is accompanied by rising or high interest  rates.
That high interest rates means low
prices for bonds, and all other longtime obligations, drawing fixed rates
of interest, dividends, or income.
Rising prices Increase the cost of
material and of operation, and tend to
decrease the net profits of all concerns,
the price of whose products either
cannot be advanced at all, or are not
free to advance rapidly.
Rising prices of commodities tend
to cause the prices of all tangible property to rise; this includes lands, mines,
forests, buildings and improvements.
Rising prices and cost of living necessitates higher money wages, though
the rise of wages will follow, at some
distance behind the rise of prices.
As rising prices do not mean increased profits to all concerns, many employers wlll not concede higher wages
without strikes.
RiBlng prices and wages, therefore,
mean dwindling profits, and troublesome times ln many industries, with
complete ruin as the final goal.
Because wages will not rise as fast
or as much as prices and the cost of
living, there will be dissatisfaction and
unrest among the wage and salary
But this rise in prices above the actual labor value of commodities does
not go on forever. Eventually, a crisis
comes and prices tumble down to a
point as far below values as they were
formerly  above values.
After a general shuffling of values,
the stronger capitalists gain additional
values and the weaker ones are put
out of business. Prices again start the
upward course, and finally end with
like result.
Instead of the great majority of
capitalists getting an adltional amount
of surplus value through a depreciated
money wage, at the point of consumption, as Mr. Untermann suppossed,
they actually get less at the point of
Some Socialists go Into fits because
the banks are issuing paper money in
excess of its equivalent ln gold and
assets, but that does not concern the
wideawake workers, because it works
bad for the majority of the capitalists
and will sooner or later end ln disaster.
Banks and bank issue are powerful
means in the hands of the stronger
capitalists to exploit their weaker
brethen. The only thing that concerns
the laborers is the Increase in the cost
of reproducing their labor-powe. jut
that concerns the capitalists much
more. The capitalist class has practically guaranteed the laboring class
the cost of reproducing their labor-
power, and the mass of capitalists are
just as anxious that its cost be kept
as low as possible.
Mr. Untermann has quoted these
three instances from Marx and garbled
them so as to fool the workers into
thinking tbat tbey are exploited as
consumers, ln order that they may join
him in advocating economic reforms.
But any one can Bee that an economist
of Marx's standing and insight into the
capitalist world, did not cite tuese instances to even hint that the workers
were exploited as consumers.
I wish in another letter to examine
M.r Untermann's "The Evidence of the
Daily Facts.'       '
A. F.   Cobb
Merchant  Tailor
OKotoKs.    Alberta
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Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Party of Canada, ln convention assembled,
affirm our allegiance to, and support of the principles and programme of the revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to the producers It should belong. The present economic system ls based upon capitalist ownership of the means of production, consequently all the products of
labor belong to the capitalist class. The capitalist is therefore
master; the worker k slave.
Bo long as the capitalist class remains ln possession of ths
reins of government all the powers of tbe State will be used to
protect and defend their property rights la tha means of wealth
production and their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to tha capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever increasing measure
of misery and degradation.
The Interest of the working class lies in the direction ot setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition ot the wag*
system, under which Is cloaked the robbery of the working-class
at the point ef production. To accomplish this necessitates tha
transformation of capitalist property in tha means of wealth production Into collective or working-class property.
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist
and the worker Is rapidly culminating In a struggle for possession
of the power of government—the capitalist to bold, the worker to
■•cure lt by political action. This ls the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the
banner of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers tor the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist
property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads etc.,) into the collective property of tb*
working class.
2. The democratic organization and management of Industry
by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily as possible, of production for
use Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when In office, shall always and everywhere until the present system ls abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the Interests of the working class and aid tha workers ln
their class struggle against capitalism? If lt will the Socialist
Party Is for lt; If lt wlll not, the Socialist Party la absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle ths Socialist Party pledges
Itself to conduct all the public affairs plsced In Its hands In such
a manner as to promote the Interests of the working class alons.
Among Socialists and other independent thinkers, this great library ls
superseding encyclopedias, histories snd all such second-hand Information. It
digs deep into the real history ot civilization, reveals the naked truth and
shows why Socialism la Inevitable. It annihilates the arguments of Capitalistic writers who deliberately misrepresent for the purpose of keeping the
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Says Freeman Knowles, Editor of "The Lantern" (Socialist). Victor L.
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