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The Western Clarion Feb 10, 1906

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THE  WESTERN   CLARIO
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.     ^ v^ ^   •
A'
lVim\ 869.
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday, February io, 1906.
■*■■■'■ -i r\ M\\]V,
1 VJ-.J -
rtts
THE WOMEN'S FRANCHISE BILL
Hawthornthwaite's Great Speech-Parker Williams. Brown and
Hall Supports It—no Arguments Against it, But Party
■ Machine Votes it Down.
In moving lln- second reading o(
thin Iiill in thoil/egisluture on Thui»
iluy last, Mr. lla-vthorntiiwuitu
made an impressive und Interesting
speiih which carefully covered every
detail in connection with the suHti** '
Very appropriately there wa* un un>
usually largo number of ladies in the
gallery, and tbe ■parth wa* listened
i„ with great   interuM.  throughout.
Mr.   Hawthornthwaite    mud:      "In
inUodaatng thtK inn 1 wish to tat
thut I consider il one of the most
important anjaauraa i-v«-r Introduced
in thin House. I huve stood up of-
li.*u in this House in In-half of the
oppressed workers ol Hrlli-th Columbia, ami 1 am pli-a«"il to say with n
luir measure of ■ui.uMsi, as the non-
oriible members of both sides uf th*-
House have agreed to the Justice of
my dflmands, and afti-r listening to
the arguments brought forward have
in many instances granted my re-
uueat, <>n this occasion 1 rise on
hihalf ol tbe most opproKwd of all,
un :«-linll of our women, on Iw-liulf
of our mothers and WtVc* und sister*. 1 hops- this Bill will become
law, but I am satisfied that whether it meets defeat or become* lu«.
n will receive eerfou* attention from
every member of this House. I am
mire that the dny hns gone pust
uhen thin Hill run become tho siilr
jivt of the lent and snu-r of tin- s*lf-
M*.-kinn politician
In opening I desire <o dear mj-
m-W in regard to certain things iii
Uiisi House. I am n'ciiM-d of mis-
n-prew.-ntlng th«- gi-nUrtrien on tins
side of lhe House ithe Opposfctsonj
buth on the floor of the Hu-.i-■• and
on the platform in the country. I
ilu not think. Mr, that this is correct, and I think mj attitude to*
■uird those giiitliwin-n will be jumi
in**-! hy the record* oi thi- House. II
no''. | must stand eomiemned. Oo
this subject, 1 am sin.' I can honestly' risiifrriidilritt* tho liberal Party both in thi* II..1M uiul in lhe
niuiitry o* th.-ir ftttitnda toward*
thi*     Hilt I     hnve     l»i-n  in    this
HoVM fur a number nf Vitus, anil
whenever thi-> iin-nMiii' has Imi-h
brought forward tiny hav,- alwayi
givon it thi-ir attention ami have
lined up In it* ---ii port lor thll
reakbn I mn ntbtt hand* with the
gentletne-i) acroa* the cHawa uhnh
divide* u*—mure i-sju-i iullv inn I oon-
irrainiato thr honorable ihi- thud
in.-ml-er for Victoria 'Mr. Rati) win
unfurlunati'l.v   is   absent   today,   that
though i often iind myself in otmo
sitkin    to    him    nn Inimr matter*,
■Mtu<.    i    find his attitude poastbl)
from a sincere un«i mistaken    am**
of duty t* thut    they do not    n.->*i
special Lla**s>l*gl*hVHlHQ but in this
matter nf woman miffrnge be has
Moved himself n mun. Tun v„i
mm hi,- intr.i.l.k.il tin- meaaura ami
•iid his lust in mui"' it t**inino Inn
Therefore, I sltvonlv cnngrntulnto
linn nnd his party fur thoir attitude
uu this mensure.
"Vow, 'just  a  word with    repaid
tu   my     opponents  on  thi-   ofgtOfdte
Mill*     I  regret   to net tho stand thoy
hui'o taken for sonm yours past in. r.«<
-,nrrl  tn  this  Hill,  and looking  burk
"ii pnst r-BCord* I regret to find thnt
these iron'I..111. ii  huvo lined tin in nl-
nuist solid nnnosltion  lo It.   I  would
n*4 thorn on tins n.'.'u-siiin to hM tin-
pnst  go. and to *»i<-w  this    s-it.jo. t
>>• a in-* n*|NXl and « now ligtif anii
n-oiinsiiU-r thoir'opposition.    I   w,*sil<l
point     out    that   ilwir attitude  h.-
ln»t  iihiais  Ihi-ii  tho attitude of thoir
part)  on this  nml (or.    Tho    other
'!«>   ill  n'uding a  work by  Uliss.    un
Udcial Rafonna, I  ft-s.mil it  wus   the
object    of   tbv fiir-'futhois of  the**
ifoiitloinvn to osiuiiiisti a i-ii'iii .Cob-
iK-riiitiNi.     il.inu* nny,   wliiih.     wluli'
|irt*orvIng tho tapitalistii'  pr|vi*ny*
•if   the   aristocrat.),   Miuglit   to     ml-
iiiiK-n every rntorta which would i-o
of mheiiiagit io   iho nia—j*   uf   th*
people,     How  fur  their deacondaata
'n  ihis   Huns.,   huvo  artist   in      thai
< ii|sii-lt,v will  h-i knnwn li.\   iho    w»\
In   which   they   dml   wilh   this     nml
similar   mesuaire*   ihat  roina    before
iliotn.     t would point out  also that
nil   Thoir   li-u-li't's   hn«-   not   aaSUmud
tins attitude on this r|ue*Uon. There
is ono man  who   has     not    opposotj
'his Hill and hln Is a name to   conjure, with    among tho (.'onservatlves
"f Canada.      l  bvoan  Sir .lohn   \.
Miii'donnid. ono of tho -<ro(-i  foi hois
"f CniifoiloiaUoii. pri* |«Jlly llw grunt-
ost lapitnllst    sinto-minii  that  Canada *OM eivt-r ais>n,  n nulm* that rinns
w'lh  hallowed  momnrti*  iu   tho ours
of ftvorv  tru*i blue t'onstTv-ntiiv     In
">'s .country     today.     I  am afraid
Utal  his nous,  Hi-eukung metaphorically, havo, in thiif n-KTiiHt   prxrvod ili-
genorate.    t retcr to tho fact  that
in  1HH.I  Sir John A.  MowliTimlil in-
"•otlucod  Into  tin; Dominion     llnuso
"f t'onuacm-i    a  Bill  to grant     thi»
fniniliiisB Ho umuuriioil wnmen. That
nioiisur* dirt not go »o far   as   tbis,
hut U went   tn slinw that his |iur-
t.y  was in rvjrtpothj-  with  one   kind
of  womankiind,   and  risogniasl    I hut
•hoy   wero  trer-tod   unfnlrlv  in    this
unit tor.
"Noa-, if this Hill paaao* thi*
•iouho, I ilvsii-o thnt it kIuiII not bt)
'"'"sott by thr* oilnrts of nnv one
[«r|y,     |„„   tnn|   ■,   H|lM|t   ,„,     ,„l„|1,
,nu b.v tho collective effort of wery
tnomlier t,f this House who brieves
abstgut-*    (j-atlee    ^^ absohite
Unit ih.ii is Impossible, It is, how-
i-M-r, imrhuiis lining that it should
l«- brought forward by a roprosenta-
tivo nf thut Party that stands for
lho ii-Ht-f Of tho upprmwd workors
of   th*   world   Uie     world   ov«r,   ami
burden. Many even aaaerted that, in
a state of savagery women were free-
er than the.v are today. He could
not agree with that in all points,
though in one respect hor position
in bacHarous times ns minparBd witti
Ulan was Is.-tt^-r. Sb<- was his «qiial
in physical strength and in mi-ntal
Capacity. That had been proved con-
ilusivol,\ by scii-ntists who bad .stuii-
nsj tis*se matters; but she did more
than hor share of tho work and wus
th.- drudge. The middle age* brought
u Iii tie reliof to woiiu-ii. We hear
about tin* brave knights and the fair
ladle* and the chivalry that was
practised   in   those   times   hy     noble
was     today     mnny  a nobleman who
prided   himself   on   his   ilosoont    from
these    iords    of    feudal times, who
horrors.     Thore  wero a few  perhaps,
who differed from this, and any
rlniiii to reSpect thoy might have
was for their chivalrous treatment
of thoso women.
elec-
—SOUTH WEST HAM.
Will Thome, Sno.. elected
Sir .1. (J.  Nutting.  Con.
—NORWICH.
il. H. Roberts, r-ab.-SoC.
-.il 	
Loui* Tillott, Lib. elected ..
Krnost Wild,  (*nn	
—MKHTIIYI. TVIlVH.
D. A. Th'oraa*, liii . elected.
Koir   llardi.',   l/ali-So .,  elw
H. HadelilTo.  lib	
—NORTHAMPTON.
Tim   Liberals   elected,   4.472,
1.1,059
l«i,972
7,100
13,974
1H.1S7
7.77i'i
ii r i I
4,061   ar.il  :..'.IH7.
.1.   K.   Williams.  Sis', defeated.
.1.   Olbblc,   Boo.  iU-f<-otisl	
—SOUTHAKPTOW.
Ivor  PhflHp,  l.ih. elected 	
T.   I".  ('hamlx-rliivno,   Con	
Harry  Quelch  Soc	
—ABERDEEN. NORTH
D.  V.  Perio,  I il». elected 	
Tom. Kennedy,  Boc.-L*h	
\    M    Harrio,  Con	
—GLASGOW,  (Hluckfriats.i
(>.  X.  Uames,   I-ab.-Soc., el«-.
A.   D,   Honor,   I.ab.-Cnn	
A.  D. Prov and.  Lib 	
—GLA8GOW,  (Catnlachie).
A.  Cross. Con. elected 	
H    at.   Cringle,   l.ih	
J.  Bttrgeai,  ijib.-Soc	
—GRAVES END.
sir iiiliKTt Parker, Cyn.
8,384
2,974
2,(158
8,119 i
2.M71
2,568
doc.
8,102
1.418
87M
in
riurlit.'.*'T ahnulr,  Hkn tu Iihw   scon
H iiitrodiH-etl by the Leader   of   tho
0 ov    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
otninent a* the proper iswson tn
-"■*.■„,«.■,!;  ajn   -jib prnppi   [n-isun   >•• ■ n* et     —   ---- .	
handle such a mcamire, ami I i-ogrot   treatml as a  slave ami a Dens*
this  Iiill   in  mtroducitl  for   tbe   reii.
uf tho musl. oppressed of all, of ho.*-> i ^onls and th.-ir knightly retainers
who in the lust anulysis the dre.JlSo far as tho latter wore concerned
yoke of capitalist o-tploitation on, ' he Ix-lievod thev were nothing more
degradation really fulls, it. jh fit-, than a collection of robber* and
ting, I say, that il should be in --,-) thieves, who went aliout seeking ev-
ilniiii by u member of that class i/nlery m«n his m-ightior's goods. There
whom the groat  work uf exterminat-' ^^^^^^
ing the ilognidaiinn uml crime of the
world fulls today.
"Now aa to tiH probable   result*
of thin meuHuro. 1 would |>e deceiving  the  women  of  this country  jf    1
told them the inn mean! their emancipation, that if it became law all
th.-ir tr&lble* would coast- and tht
future would |M* al) rosv and |,a
for them. 1 want to point out to
this House that without economic
freedom no true freedom mn possibly exist. Women muy obtain the
franchise as the men have it already.
but till thoy obtain economic independence ihej will huv.. no freedom.
I-'nr the sake of making my position
clearer I muy pnint out to this
House what 1 im-an by economic in-
rtefiendence Today the v«**t majority of the race an- in a dependent
position. They an- (k-pifui-ni for
iho mean* of existence, for tho right
to live, upon the iua,st,.r and dominant  class  who own the machinery ol
production.       Not    until,  not onb
tins eoiiMrv. but other countries,
have a/rived at a state of civilization, in «hteh the producers shull
taito i harge (,f the mean* of wealth
production as their own, until that
ondlUon hus iM-cn brought about,
true liberty caahoi be achieved.    i
sav that fur one I think we have
nut men political freedom today-
Hue) talk of tho freedom at the
|s>!ls, but if that freedom I* honest
whnt is tlv r.-asuii for the M-cret
Imllot. It is. I havo no hesitation
in sagrtng, ihei it is. „ cnwaiil's i,al-
lot. The av.'ing.. btdivtdaal dare
not today, whether he be working-
man or business man. iast his i,H|.
Inl    openly   anil   in   the   lurht   of day,
He has to tnk.- his ballot papier and
sneak under cover, und mark it fur
tho   mun      for    whom   ho   des-iros     to
rote.    And ye!  soma honorable gen-
' luiiieii still believe lho' nn this Hellish suit ami under tho BriUannng
wo h«v.. political freedom.
"It is just the name in religious
mat tors Take nnv dlatrfot where
the li.Mae* . unitiiiin.lini" tho mai hin-
<-rv of pruilu. t mil hold certain relig-
iims  views,   und   you     will   fin.l   that
the majority of nn-n employed then-
bold the Sam,, view*, why? They
«nnw it will nut do for thnn to
bold adverse religious views t,> those
of their masters, iHthoat whom thoy
have  not   lb*  means to  live.      As an
Instance of    this want  of economc
freedom ns have hail evidence in Via*
ione lately in the investigation    of
certain charge* against   the    principals of one ol the schools here. The
cotnnitaaioner r-tpiin-d   certain
dime to I'linlile hnn to em ic
clear decision, and a uortafti
her of tea. hers could h.i' ■ com'
ward in this vicinity of their
fr.-e «iii and  given thai      evidsm e,
and light   would have i.c-n      thrown
upon tho proceedings-   But  those wo
turn dare  not come forward.      Why?
Hd-miNo  they      bold different   views
;h(iii the power*  that   be,   ami  the)
know that II  tbe) came forward they
would    lose    then- positions,   or   if
thev   did  not   thoy would   be  ham'H-r-
isl in the performance of Hn-ir duties 1 musl insist that until we
have achieved coonomlc Indeps-ndence
■re cannot have true liberty, neither
•connmic.   reliyinus,  nnr  political.'1
"Another matter to which 1
would like to draw tho nttotition of
tne   HollH is  that   many  people Is'lie-
vo thai this iiiil is of a revolutionary niiturv, and if it  beeome* law it
w 11 .lino capital out of thecnuntrv
11... cAfrltaHste 'h'nk that their business will (m- destroyed, unit it could
not be carried ou ns it is toihiy. In
aiisuer to that I would point out
ihat in those countries where this
liiii has become law, In tha Australian colonies nnd in New Zealand,
this has noi ins'ii found to Is' "-o result.. I'.voii lite liifuor trnlbc. which
it was thought, and many sinreroh
hoped would be destroyed ns a rami] of tnis measure thore, still con-
liimes io is- carried on, nml wil! in?
carried on until WO hnve achieved
thai economic iinli-lN-iidenco of which
I luivr- spoken. Like every other business in which there is profit, it
will continue to be carrlod on until
we have obtained absolute economic
fiis'ilom afld production for profit
ceases.
"Apart from this there is one
great reason why vve should have
this lnw. II is uur duty to BOO that
wntiien lhat* with us the respnnsi-
bllity for what is gning on around
us, iiml In- placed in u position
juin hands with ns in devising rein,
dl.s fur the evils Hint  vve see   about
Mr. Hawthorothwalta said he round
thnt he could noi bring ihe matter
tni withuiit going Into the whole
<MM>tdion. With nil our inuistod civ-
illr.ntion nnd Christ (unity, tho position of women was very Utile ail-
vaiKml from what il was in the i*o-
ginning of time Itself. From lhf lle-
^^^^ of time,  woman  had
"What is the position of women
in society today'.'" asked the speak--
er. "A 'number of men in this
House say politics are not clean
enough for woman, and stho ought to
1-e kept out of political life for thnt.
reason. Tho great capitalist steps
in just then and says he believes
that the purity of women would be
sullied by contact with politics. I-ut
he finds that woman's labor is far
cheaper than man's labor and if the
i hulls, of this legislature are not
dean enough for her, ho finds that
his factory is clean enough for her,
ami his machine shop is clean enough for hor. Our tiolities are not
el'-an enough for her; but our mines,
our sweatshops, our hovels and dons
tif prostitution are clean enough for
her! I s[ienk plainly because there
is nothing to t..- gained b.v hiding
these things., Thoy ore all around
US, jiiid il is riiminal for us to humbug ourselves into Ihe belief that
these  things do nut exist."
As  evidence   that   women, were  be-
evi-
to a
niiin-
foi-
own
wero nothing more thnn a band of I inB crowded into the industrial field
murderers and thieves who lived bv ! """''' rapidly all the time, Mr. Haw
robbing others. The condition of thornthwaite gave Rome Interesting
womeh in those times was worse {*>*» startling figures. He showed
than before, Mr. Hawthornthwaite
here dwelt (>n tho law or customs of
.Ins  Primac Noctis,  and pictured  its
1 lhat   in   the   I'nite-d   States,   the    figures  having climbed  within     twenty
years from 2,«47,157 to 5.329,807,
or 100 per cent. Women were crowd
ing into the industrial field and were
Supplanting men.  because Iheir labor
(Continued on Page Three.)
fle
w
Subscription Price
P**' Vsaa
31.00
OF CITY FATHERS
Montreal City Council Can Help Unemployed Only In Event of a
Snowstorm.  In Attackini Usury Capitalisl    r.r
Blurts Out Fragmentary Truth.
ENGLISH ELECTION RETURNS
labor    majority,    4,29$.       Labor
in "10 j gain.      Conservative   majority,   1900,
4,878  6a0"
In addition to those reported
above, labor candidates were elected at the following places. West
Houghton, Walworth, Derby. North
SaJford. Deptford, Shoreditch, Bolton, Chatham, Kast Ijeeds, Feter-
Ixirough, Preston, Stoke-on-Trent,
Wolverhampton, Finsbury, llano
llirkenhead, Ilanley, St. Helens.
Btockport, <jatesheadw South Nottingham. Vaneaton and other plan's.
A  numlior of these members are So-
4,380;   two    Conservacives defeated, j,.-a|,:sls     Then are still about   forty   parliamentary    divisions    which
elect oil.
1 1,74.1
18,868
I8.i-_':s
11,049
L1,33S
o.ll t
4,689
88fi
to
Sir W   tieary, Lib
.luck   MePherson,   Lab.-SoC.
—LEICESTER.
II.  Broadhurst,  Lib.  sleeted
.1. B. Hclkmald, Lab.-Soc, ei-
reted    1 1,686
Sir. J. F. RoUestoa, Con, ...   7,504
-NKWCASTI.K-i)N-TVNF..
W.   Hudson,  Ijib. olMisI
T.   Cairnes,   Lib.  elected
Sir  W.   Plumnier,  Con.
(!.   Hondrick,   Con	
-HAMMKUSMITH.
Sir  W.   J.   Hull.   Con
Q,   Branlklock,  Lib.  .
C.   Holt,  Hoc \\\\
— HLACKHl TIN.
Sir  W.   Hornby,  clocti-d     1i\2"i
I'hiiiip Snowdon, Doc. elected 10,983
O.   llradiro.   Con      S..I.T.!
—LIVKIil'OOL.   (West Toxlothi.
It    P.   Houston.   Con.   elected.  :i,..7.i
.las.    Loxton,    ljlb.-SiK	
—MIDDLESBROl Cil.
.1.   H.   Wilson.   Lib.-I^b
Sir   S.   Sndler.   Con	
Qoorge   Ijindsbtiry.   Boc
-HCNIIF.K.
I'dmund Robertson,  Lib
A. Wilkie. 1,11b.    etoeted	
Henry   Holison,   Lib	
L.   shakloton,   Con	
-WOOLWICH.
Will   Crooks,   Ijib.  olivtetl  ...
Mn.tor   Ailunis,   Con	
—HIHMIN'CHAM.   I Hordsloy)
.(esse Colling*,  Con. elected
Hruce   (ilusier,   Soc	
—SUTHERLAND.
J,   Stunrl,   Lib.   elected   	
1'1'1-t
2,599
0.-J71
li.Hlit
1.181
T.   Sommerhill.  Ijab.   elected.  18.480
     7.S7.)
gimiing
been
of
l».   Iluifie.  Con	
-iWAKEFIELD.
i'   A. Brother ton, olectod, Con
11.   Stanton   Coil.   SoC.-Lftb....
.1.  Snniv, Lib	
—.IAHHOW.
Sir V.Wt.  I llmer, li*,. oli-ct.sl
Pete  Outran,  Soc.-I.ab	
—BELFAST, North.
Sir  D,   Ihxoti,' Con.   elected  ..
W. Walter,  l.nb	
-LEEDS, (South).
Sir .1.   L. Walton.  Lib
V  Fox.  Lab.-Soc	
II.   M.   Lucy,  Con	
—PA1SLFY.
.1.  M. McCallam, Lib.
.1. A. Mnckean.  Con.  ..
H.   Sniillle,   lab.-Sue.   ,
—LANCASHIRE, (Accrlngton.)
Sir  .1.   F.   l/s'se,   Lib   7.205)
D.   Irving,  Soe  4,859
llolden.   Ind       tHtt
Liberal niajority  2,.)."i7.  No chiuiKC
Liliernl   majority   15)00,   55)2.
—LANOASHIHE,   Oorlon.
J.   Hodge,  Lnh  8,566
S.  W. Koyco,  Con  4,841
3,589   s.x iulists  or  labor  men  are contest
--•'   '' ! in-J of   which   we   have   no    figures  ns
; sei.
7,083 j 	
5,7541    j„ jroiging of the British ejection*
*-• anil   comparing  the  results  achieved
'with thoso in France, Germany and
4.8IH j the United States, it must t-e borne
1,0841 in mind that emery candidate for
5).',1 Ipariiamant whether successful or otherwise, must contribute his portion
of tho official elts-tion expenses. This,
in addition to candidates' canir-ai
expenses, and tho necessity of pra-
ii.fitig the labor candidate with hi*-
livinu. if elected, for British members Of Parliament receive no sain
ami have made the running of Socialist candidates a most expensive
luxury. I'ntil members of Parliament are paid by the State, and election expenses out of the rates, it
will be impossible for So^-dalists
there to conduct a general carnpainn
smh as is carried on In France, Germany  and  the  UniWd  States.
There were but 9*3 labor and Socialist   candidates,   while   there     are
i>70 parliamentary dive-ions for
Great Britain mid Ireland. Oi these
the Social Democratic Federation,
(revolutionary Socialist) was responsible for about ton candidates.
Tho fnrJepehdent Ijabor Party tapper
lunist Socialist) nominated t.*n candidates. The ijabor representation
Iz-a-rie, about fifty candidates*—
many of those being Socialists. The
other twenty were trade union olliciuls. nominated |,y trade unions and
inilorsod by Liberals and for all
practical purpose* can .e considered
Liberals. The S. D. P., eletwl but
one of its candidates, Will Thome,
for South West Hmn, with n tremendous majority, being the lirst d*an-
cut revolutionary Socialist to be
elected to the British Parliament.
The vote everywhere showed a lnrr
Increase. Hyndmnii just i-sca-nil inimr elected for Burnbsy, Northampton,   also  showing   a   very   large    in
crease.
The Independent I,a1io-- Tarty el-
istiHi about half of its candidates,
among them being Phillip Bnowden,
.1. "lamsay-Mcnnnnlii. G. H Hoh-
orts. Kier llnrdie. Hid. .lovvett, etc.,
many Of these candklntes were supported  by  the S.  1).  F.     The    I-abor
Representation. League elected some-
thin.r over half of its candidates.
I'tlfni't'iuiiiloly. from n Socialist
point of view, the clear-cut Socialists among their candidates'were noli
so successful as men of u neutral,
un! nown tytH'.. This is undoubtedly due to the action of the Liberals
who, in mnny cases tolerated mere
tinile-unionists, while thoy vigorously opposed any aggressive Socialist.
Anion--' the good men, and true who
wenl down to defeat and whoso presence would have strengthened the
Socialist cause in the Hritish Parliament were .Limes Sexton. Pete
Curran. .T. Burgess, Tom Keen
Bruce Glns-ior. Pr. Stanton Coil, II.
SmilWo and  others.
Taken altogether, however, tho res-nits are vory encouraging and are a
fair Indication Of the extent of the
Socialist propaganda. Socialist rep-
ivscntntivvs can only be elected by
the votes of Socialists, and all attempts to Ret large masses of i*'o-
ple tO vote for Socialists disfttiisosl os
lnl¥-r candidates will, in the i*nd,
fail, In tho meantime, the twelve or
fifteen Socialists elected will somas    the    neuclus   around  which  will
elect. 51,276
 6,888
  0.122
  .'!.8ti;-
.   '.).02li
.  6,014
7,768
. 8,8f8
1.'1,020
2,28.->
2.008
1.217
8,017
5,098
1,5)07
4,616
elected 0.2O0
 4.080
  2,120
elected 5.664
  3,594
  2.182
form  the    coining    United   Socialist
I'arty of Great Britain.
That the conditions in Montreal
are ripe for a strong Socialiat movement is evidenced in many ways,
particularly i,y the many admissions
that somehow find their way into
thu capitalist press of that city.
The following froni the Montreal
■'Star" is a case in  point:
"We have not so many paupers
this year as we had last year. The
reason for this is that it being such
an o|»-n winter, the butldino; trades
are enabled to carry on their work
more extensively than a year ago."
Note the admission. This laborers
are wago*<;amers as long as they are.
employed, but the moment they cannot find employment they become
paupers. This is also an open admission of the correctness of the
Socialist contention that wags*s are
determined by the cost, of smheeistence
varying above or below according to
the condition of the labor market.
If the demand for laborers is greater
than the supply of them, that is if
there are more jobs than workers to
fill them, wiiKes no up and thc worker receives something more than is
actually required to sustain l'fe.
Thnt such is not the case at present
in Montreal, is shown Ly the s;tar'j
admission that the workers I.come
pati|iers as soon as they are out of
employment.
When the supply of labor power
in the market is greater than thede-
mand for it. that is when there are
more workers than jobs, wages will
inevitably tend downward to the
lowest possible notch of subsistence.
Indeed, millions of our wage-workers are now roeeiv ing such small wages that thoy cannot replace the energy expended in their daily toil, and
are practically starving to death by
Inches, even while rn employment.
This is largely the reason why so
many men and women become physical wrecks at twenty or tvvetity-
five years of ago. It js also the reason that so many nf onr large industries refuse to employ those of
over thirty-five, or |x*rhaps forty
years. It also accounts for the general deterioration in the status of
the working class. For instance, in
18tr>, the standard of height for admission to tho British Army was 5
feet 6 inches. In 1883 it was 5 feet
3 inches, and in 1900 it had been reduced to 5 foot.
A recent issue of tho "Star" informs ns that a deputation representing Montreal's unemployed, waited
upon the city council beseeching employment. The wise "city fathers"
'old them they expected it would
snow, and as soon as it did, they
would give them work shirvellin^ it.
Tho consolation thus alTorded was
evidently sufficient to appease the
unawing of their hungry stomachs,
and cause them to forget chills that
played tag up and down their half-
clad bodies, for a week or ten days
but no more. At the end oi that
time they waited on the "city fathers" once more. This time the
wiw ones expressed heartfelt sorrow because rain had fallen instead
of snow. As the water thnt thus
fell upon the city's streets escaped
of its own accord hy way of the gut-
tors and sewers', ami thus in obedience to the laws of gravitation betook itself beyond the municipal
limits without waiting to be shovelled, it wus clearly beyond the power
of the city council to come to the
relief of the workless ones until such
time ns Providence saw fit to send
snow  instead of rain.
Ths* question naturally arises, if
there wore no unemployed, how
Would Montreal or any other great
city, get its snow s-hovellod in case
such an emergency should srisft The
fact is that an army of unemployed
is just as necessary to the successful
development of capitalist property,
ns are the employed themselves. TaSO
for instance, the county of Kent,
England. About 80.000 persona are
employed there for a vvoek or two in
each year, picking hops. These hop-
pickvrs are drawn from the surplus,
or Otherwise, unemployed lulKir in
the great industrial centers. Were it
not for this surplus or unemployed
labor,, hop-picking, sno w-sho wiling
and such spasmodic and emergency
calls for talior could not lie mot
without seriously crippling other industries for the time being. It becomes therefore, absolutely neoessao
to tho conservation of capitalist pro-
l*ert,v, that a sufficient surplus labor
hn* at all t/tines in the market, to not
only hold the wnge at the minimum
imiiit, but to also moot the nxjiiire-
ments of any spasmodic or emergency call  for laborers.
Anil lust, bill by no moans least,
the "St4ir" tolls us there are "12.-
000 slaves in Montreal," and asks
if there are 12,000 in Montreal, how
many must there lie in tho Dominion of Canada.' In making this
break, the "Star" had no intention
of unmasking tho capitalist system
of slavery nml striking valiant J.lo- -
for the emancipation of its wage-
slave victims. It hivl gotten some
little insight into the ways of tho
iinxlein money lender, which it terms
the usurer, ami waxed wroth l*e-
eause this worthy took advantage of
tho nis ossifies of the poor by loaning them small sums, taking tneir
modes! effects tts security., ui.l charging "all the traffic would itoav" in
the shat-e of    Interest on    thc loan.
The    reason    of the "Star's"   wrath -
at the exaction.*! of the usurer is pro-
Imbly due to the fact   that  it is not
engagi-d  in  that  particular  line     of
capi'alist   swindle  itself.
The orti-titne slave masters owned
the slave outrigot. The modern
slave master (capitalist) by owning
the means of production owns the
job in;»on which the slave depends for
his subsistence. It is not necessary
for 'he master under such circumstances to hold property rights in
the slave. The latter will Ihi forced
by his necessities to keep himself
within ea^.v call of tho muster. He
will readily respond whenever t**)f
master wants tq use him. In fact, ■
his stomach will see that he does
respond.
That which the wage-slave receives
in exchange for his labor-power, is
termed wages, and as vve have already seen, is determined by the cost-
Of subsistence, and the conditions of
the labor market. According to recent stat sties, thc wages of the
working «lass in the United States,
totals aiiout 17 per cent, of the
wealth produced. This would leave
about 83 per cent, in the hands of
the capitalists, to be consumed by
them and their hangers-on, or to be
converted into additional capital. It
is, therefore, clear that they who
produce the world's wenlth are the
slaves of the capitalist or master
■ loss. But this is not generally
known, or if known it certainly is
not admitted by those who preside
over the destinies of the capitalist
press. Of course the "Star" was
not advocating tne overthrow o! the
wage system ol' which these "slaves" ,
are the victims. But the "Star" is
carrying on a campaign against the
"lisurers," that sort of money lenders who, it would' appear, in some
mysterious way, are successfully competing with the large banks, insurance compnnies. etc., in the fine art
of financial skinning. The "Star"
is evidently acting as attorney and '
spokesman for these larger financial
pirates. The admission that they
who work for wages are slaves, is
bv no means made in the interest of
thi* slaves, however. It is made in
the interest of thc "Star's" clients,
the big money lenders, who are resorting to anything and everything
to crash their competitor, the "usurer." as the "Star"  calls him.
Twelve thousand is on altogether
too conservative estimate of the
number of "slaves" in Montreal,
with its population of about 267,-
000. It is safe, to say that 80 per
rent, or about 215,000 of the city's
papulation are wage-slaves, and tho
remaining .Vi.OOO or so are the
"Star's" friends, big and little labor skinners, usurers, et al and who
have numerous quarrels, petty and
otherwise, among themselves to see
which can grab the most out of that
SB per oent. of tho wealth produced,
and which capital as a whole claims
nt its pound of flesh. But neither
the "Star" its friends, nor the usurers, are wealth producers, and they
ull stand shoulder to shoulder in
spito of their petty differences and
ifuarrels, for the purpose of holding
lhe wage-slaves in subjection, and in
ignorance o! how they are robbed of
the wi>alth they produce by the
"Star's" following, with the usurers thrown  in for good measure.
The "Star" is appealing to the.
government for legislation against
the usurer, and therefore for protection for its clients—the big ones. It'
is worthy of note that whenever fluch!
peoplo are in trouble they go direct
to the government for protection.
Let the workers do likewise, by first
taking possession of the reins ot
government. and once in possession
iii». its fiovver without mercy in their
own In-half. If any precedent for
such action is necessary, the master
class is each day furnishing it.
About. 8 month.-, ago, tho writer
was in Montreal for a lew days
soliciting subs, for the Clarion, and
doing whiifever he could for tho
good of tho movement. I learned
that Montreal nt one time had n-uito
a strong Socialist movement as expressed through two different organizations. It appear* that both of
these organizations wen- of a somewhat utopjan nature. Apparently
the.v disagreed although each attempted to express the political aspirations of nn awakening proletariat. Their differences which at the
worst wero more imaginary than
real, arose over a something that
vyas wholly foreign to the genuine
Socinlist movement and which each
was determined In annex to it, i. e.,
trades unionism, which these Utopians believed to be the economic
side of the class struggle. In their
Utopian wandering* they differed n»
to what particular hriiml of trail-*
union* constituted this imaginary
"e nnomic wing." The Socialist
Labor Party held fast to the S. T.
& L. A. (now extinct) as the only
trade union worthy of the name,
while the Canadian Socialist Ijoague.
more lenient in their views, wera
willing to admit any and every
brand Of trade unionists as worthy
wagers of the class Struggle on th*
economic  field.
A Montreal Gpmrado, Kerrigan by
mime, who used to be organizer for
the SI,.P. and the S T. A L, A.,
—     i .     .    " "■"
(Continued on  Page Two.)
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SATURDAY, FEB. 10, 1906.
PUTTING THEM ON  RECORD.
While it is possible for a Socialist
minority in a legislative chamber to
push through little in the way ot
constructive legislation looking to
the relief of the laborers from the
merciless exploitation of capital,
such a minority becomes a powerful
factor in exposing to the public
gaze the utter incompetency and im-
potency of the political hacks of
capitalism that are boosted into
public office through the credulity
and ignorance of an electorate. A
most striking illustration of this
may be found in the case of the Provincial House at Victoria, during
the last two, and the present session. Outside of the few measures
introduced by the two Socialists
members, nothing has been brought
before the House that by the widest
stretch of the imagination could be
construed as in the interest of the
commonweal or in any manner in
una with human progress and advancement.
The measure of capitalist "statesmanship" as expressed in the Local
House may well be taken from a list
of the measures introduced by the
present galaxy of talent both government and opposition bo far during the present session. A half dozen or ao proposed railway incorporations, or amendments to existing
acts relating thereto, a few similar
proposal* relating to mining and
like corporations, a little puny juggling with assessment and taxation
matters; some tender legal solicitude
over "Bills of Sale Acts." "Small
Debts Courts," mortgage laws,
Trust Corporations, "Ancient
Lights," and a few other equally
weighty matters relating to the petty private interests that spring up
among the members of that economic class in human society that has
its fangs deeply buried in the vital*
of the working claaa, seems to be
the extreme heigh th to which it is
possible for statesmanship of the
government or opposition brand to
attain.
When Hawthornthwaite'* Bill to
extend the "Franchise to Women,"
wa* before the House, thia brilliant
coterie of Conservative and Liberal
■Utemnen, though blinking like owl*
in th* midden glare of the obnoxious
sunlight, ware discreet enough to set
upon their perches and raise no hoot
ia opposition. But the ease
and grace with which they voted it
down would indicate a rare wisdom
coupled with commendable caution.
To do anything in the way of removing obstructions in the way of
a free expression of the popular will
wa* to them a dangerous innovation
aad not to be countenanced, for fear
it might lead to the awful conae-
tqUanee of relegating themselves and
the interest they serve to that oblivion to which similar bats, owls snd
vultures innumerable have gone before. Hawthornthwaite's Bill tore-
due* the election deposit from $200
to tSO passed second reading by a
majority of one vote, It is safe to
aasume that it will receive its final
quietus either in committee or at
third reading, and for the same reason that the "Women's Franchise
BUI" was knocked out.
While the presence of two Socialist* in the House 1* bringing to the
surface the utter incompetency and
Impotence of these alleged statesmen
to deal with any of the larger problems that are being forced upon human society through the enormous
concentration of power in the hands
of th* ruling clas* resulting from the
prejnent highly developed aad perfect
ed system of production with its out-.
of-date    ownership and control,  and
is putting them on record as opposed to  those measures calculated   to
lead up to    a peaceful   and orderly
solution    of such problems,  another
good is being accomplished by  their
presence    that    should not be overlooked.     It  is   widely  acknowledged
that the    last two sessions of   the
House were the cleanest ever     held
since the' Province was born.     During these two sessions, owing to the
presence of two i-epreeentatives of   a
polit|cal     movement    that    springs
from  an economic  program that   is
ln itself clean and wholesome, inasmuch as it proposes or tolerates nothing that can by any stretch of the
imagination be reasonably construed
as    wrong    or unjust, or Uktely   to
work a wrong or an injustice to any
person,  has made it absolutely  impossible for the cormorants of capitalist plunder to indulge in their accustomed    saturnalia    of    graft and
corruption, which used to be considered a regular part of the ceremonies of each session, /md during which
in the expressive language of a onetime    member,    "boodle   was oftentimes    passed around like pie on   a
plate."        None    of   these boodling
schemes that are all too common in
legislative     chambers,     and    which
bring wealth and capitalist honor to
the schemers and shame to the workA
ing people who tolerate a system of
property that   breeds   such infamies
and iniquities, have made their   appearance at Victoria since the   two
Socialist members entered the House
This is no doubt one good and sufficient reason  why the "statesmen"
of capitalism are suddenly reduced to
a    condition    of "innocuous desueu-
tude," or harmless dry-rot.   The usual    occupation of the political representatives     of    capitalism    is   to
"boost"   the   particular schemes   of
their respective owners, whether such
be individuals or corporations. There
is but one way to "boost," and everybody      now-a-days     understands
what that is.     Once a sprag is put
in their wheel by the advent of Socialist representatives,  like  Othello,
their occupation is gone, both upon
the floor of the House and in     the
lobby. This of course works upon the
craft of politicians no inconsiderable
hardship.   They should be entitled to
most careful attention at the hands
of the "Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals. "
The sessions of the House referred
to clearly proves that a little Socialist leaven "leaveneth the whole
lump," even although the lump itself is of doubtful totality. The ability and general worth of both Conservatives and Liberals is being
clearly demonstrated by the proceedings in the House. All of these are
being placed, or rather are placing
themselves on record as being not
only absolutely useless from the
workingman's standpoint but positively harmful. They stand for nothing that can in the slightest degree tend to lessen the present economic pressure upon the men of labor, or in any manner aid them in
arriving at more satisfactory industrial conditions. On the contrary,
they stand for everything that rnaktea
for the perpetuation of the present
system with its merciless economic
masters upon the one-hand, and its
vast army of wage-slaves on the
other, with the former continually
increasing their wealth and power,
the latter ever sinking deeper into
pauperism and despair.
By paying close attention to the
proceedings of the House at Victoria, the worker* will discover the
proper course to pursue at the next
Provincial election. They will return none but Socialiat representative*. All others will be elected to
remain at home.
THE REVOLUTION.
'At no period ln the history of this
Western Continent has the word "revolution" been of more common usage than at present. For some reason it seems to roll from the tongue
of people in all walks of life without leaving any particularly bad
taste in the mouth. At one time,
and not so long since, the very term
was enough to conjure forth such
vision* of blood and carnage, rapine
and slaughter, a* have marked oo
many previous periods in the world's
history. But for some mysterious
reason the term haa taken on a new
significance, one more in harmony
with peaceful progress, and lee* inclined to paint upon the human
mind pictures of bloodshed and horror. And yet the reason for this
evident change in the manner in
which the revolution 1* spoken of,
and -the later understanding of its
significance, need not appear mysterious if enquiry be made into the
economic changes that have occurred during comparatively recent
times, and the influence that such
changes must inevitably have upon
the minds of men.
During the past few centuries there
haa been   effected a  complete trans
formation or revolution in industry.
The major portion of this transformation has been brought about
within the last 100 years. While it
is not as yet absolutely complete it
has so nearly reached completion,
that lot all practical- purposes it may
os well be acknowledged as finished.
This transformation or revolution in
industry has substituted modern social or mass production, for the old
time individual production of days
gone by. As the ancient hand tools
used by the Individual workman for
tbe purpose of fashioning the things
needful to supply himself with tho
creature comforts of his time, have
grown by almost imperceptible stage
into tlve gigantic powerful and complicated tools of today, by equally
gradual stages bos the Individual
workman of old been merged into the
immensely powerful and efficient battalions of labor that now carry on
the processes of production not as
individuals, but as a co-operative or
social force. As tho individual hand
tool of production has been swallowed up in the giant mechanical tool
of our times, so has tho individual
workman been swallowed up in the
grand army of labor rar-uisito for
its  operation.
As tbo revolution in industry has
proceeded, breaking down stop by
step the previous individual process, and supplanting it with collective, or organized labor, it may
be readily realized that a corresponding change in ideas, conceptions,
manners and modes of thought, must,
of necessity follow, among those)
who were thus being molded into tbe
component parts of a new order in
complete contra-distinct ion to the
old. As the workmen were gradually drawn together into the mass production by the relentless powers of
the machinery with which it was car-;
ried on, they were logically compelled by thu same gradual process
to abandon their previous individual
method of thought and action, and
think and act together. As they
were compelled by the logic of events to work together, so were they
compelled to abandon the individual
viewpoint and consider matters from
that of the collective or organized
body.
As the revolution in industry was
accomplished it thus carried with it.
a corresponding revolution in ideas
in the minds of men. It brought.
with it new relations between the
different members of society. These
altered relations wese not confined t</
those between masters and workmen.
New relationships were developed between masters as such, as well as
between their employees as working-
men. The individual master lost his
individuality and that of his capital
in the corporation. The workman
lost his individuality as such in the
great organized social force of which
he became a part.
It is by no means strange tbat
this revolution in industry, which
has so thoroughly and effectively organized the workers in social production, and revolutionized their ideas and conceptions of industry and
all matters pertaining thereto, should
in time so impress itself upon the
minds of the workmen that they
would recognize the significance of
it all, and consciously approach the
task of completing the revolution by
effecting such changes in property
rights in, and control of industry, as
would enable the benefits thereof to
be applied to all members of human society alike. This consciousness is now awakening in the minds
not only of workingmen but of those
in other walks of life. Tho approach)
ing revolution in property rights, as
relating to tho means of production,
is being looked upon as a logical no-
Ipience of what has already occurred.
It, therefore, no longer excites any
appreciable alarm, and as it becomes
more thoroughly understood, will excite still less. That it will come is
as certain as that the mm will rise
on the morrow. If tbe powers that
be are sufficiently wise to refrain from attempting to put serious
obstacles in its way, it will come
with peace and order,,like a glorious dawn after the tempestuous terrors of a night of storm. If those
powers are lacking in such wisdom,
lt will come some other way, wfaici
is, of course, quite another story.
 ■   o
Occasionally some lusty lunged fanatic proclaims from thc housetops
that the workingmen cannot fight
capital with capital. Of course they
cannot for the very good reason that;
they have none. The size of it Is
that capital cannot be fought in the
"economic field" with anything else
but capital. When a lot of empty-
bellied slaves who break out in rebellion against the unsatisfactory
conditions of the labor market get
-« notion in their heads that they aro
fighting capita], they should be looked after by the "lunacy commission"
lest at the next change of moon thoy
become violent and do themselves ln-
rary.
o	
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Tho Attorney General has introduced into the Provincial House "An
Act Rospocting Distress." This Bill,
however, has no reference to the sufferings of the Opposition
__ o—	
A bitter fight has arisen in tho United States Congress over the admission of New Mexico and Arizona
to joint statehood instead of allowing ench to become a irtate by itself.
Only one set of fat offices, where
two were thought to be plainly in
sight? What greater justification
for warfare could be needed by that
gang of hungry political vultures
who scan tbe horizon in eager search
for carrion upon which to feed?
_ o- ——-
WISE CITY  FATHERS.
(Continued from Page Ono.)
[
PLATFORM
ItouuWttmW^ttoTi.'
SATURDAY. FEB. iO, iW>«.
     ""■'„', r:
and who still has economic bees in
his bonnet, said to me, "the Canadian Socialist league could not last
because its members were not ground,
ed on the fundamental principles
that constitute    a Socialist Party."
"Granted," said I, "1 quit© agree
with you. And for the same reason
the S.L.P. could not last." Its pallors were filled with, and its time
of propaganda spent in hurling
bricks at each other and everybody
else in their efforts t0 uphold and defend an untenable position, which
some of thorn evidently still cling
to, because they continue to spend
tbeir time in the same old way. and
appear to be as yet ignorant of Us
untenability. Either that, or they
lack the moral courage to acknowledge themselves to have been in the
wrong.
Had this time and energy lieen
spent in Qduipping themselves with a
knowledge of the true function of
capitalist property, the commodity
character of labor power and the
laws of exchange, and importing this
knowledge to their fellows through
their propaganda meetings and the
columns of their papers, the •■•■surdity of trying to build economic organizations out of wage-slaves, who
have no possible control of economic power would havu been long
since made apparent to many who
are still floundering in thc fogs of
confusion on this subject. Happily
for tho 'Socialist movement of Canada these organizations are now defunct in Montreal. What has been
said of them in Montreal applies to
most of the large cities and towns
in Eastern Canada.
I paid a hasty visit to Montreal
last week, and on the afternoon of
the anniversary of "Bloody Sunday," attended a meeting of Montreal Local of the Socialist Party
of Canada, .in the German Working-
men's Hall, 246 St. James St. This
organization is perhaps but two or
three months old, with 24 members,
principally Hermans. Most of them
speak good Knglish and all of them
understand it pretty well. Tlu-y read
the daily Yorwoerts, of Berlin, the
Western Clarion, und other Socialist. iM-sjiers. They explnintd to roe
that they wanted to belong to a
party whose propagunda was tno
analysis of capitalist production and
tho commodity nature of labor-power, in short the propaganda of the
Maexian school. With the assistance
ol the Knglish and French s**euking
comrades, they can easily grapple
with the ripe conditions tbat surround them and soon become a power in putt in" forward the propaganda of  freedom  from  wage  servitude.
The .lews have a large Local Socialist organization. They enrry on
their propaganda chiefly in their own!
language. On Monday night, Jan
22, they had a large Jewish mass
meeting in commemoration of tho
martyrs of Bloody Sunday. Many
of them that I talked with expressed
a wish for closer relationship with
the Montreal Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada, and a desire to
work with that body. I gave them
the names of the officials of tbe Local, and the place and time of the
meetings. It is their intention to
visit the Loral.
C.  M.  O'BRIEN
Combermere,  Ont.,  Jan. 28,   190«
The modern state i* th* taatrn-
ment through which the lapitaliat
class maintains its control of production and its cornesquent economic
dominion over the worker*.
— o-	
iUnion  Directory
When They Meet j When They Meet
__ livery L»bui Ualoa la the peo-rlac* la la
Tiled fo place a card under thi* bead. ||j*» pet
inunth     SecreUrlr* pleaae not*.
Phoenix Miner*' Union, Ma a.
W. F. M. Meet* every Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Miner*'
hall. V. Ingram, preatdant; W. A.
I'ickard, secretary.
1 Ci-wAiw Braii. A. C. Barno-WAr*.
tiro. K. Mct'aoMi*.
BIRO, BltYOIN-JABK t McCROSMN
BARRISTER*, 80UCIT0RH, ETC
114
Tel. *».   P.O. Box 982.
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We, tho Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should jusUy belong. To
the owners of the moans of wealth
production belongs the product ot
labor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of tbe means of wealth production; therefore all the product* of
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitaliat ls master; the worker
I* slave.
So long aa the capitalist* remain
in possession of the reins of govern-
ment all the powers of the state will
lie used to protect and defend their
property rights In the mean* of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
Tho capitalist system give* to the
capitalist an ever-swellinir stream of
profits, and to the worker aa ever-
increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
Ihi* Interest of the working das*
lies in the direction of aettina: Itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the aihoKUon of the wage system. To
accomplish this nt-cemdtatee the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-, lass
property.
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating, in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class stru-avrle.
Therefore, we call upon aH workers to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of scttliur up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as /ollows:
1. Th* transformation a* rapidivas possible, of capitalist property In
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) Into the collective property of the working class.
3. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Tarty, when in office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system 1* abolished,
make the answer to thia question it*
guiding ruin of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the interest* of
tbe working class and aid the workers In their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist
Party Is for It; if it will not. the
Socialist Party 1* absolutely opp—
cd to It.
In   accordance   with thi* principle
Wl Ms;
**•*-•
gttT Every Local of the Socialiat
Party ot Canada should run a nari
under thi* bead. 11.00 par month.
Secretaries plana* note.
IUUTISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL
Executive Coinmittee, Socialist
Party of Canada, moot* 2nd and
4th Tuesday in each month. W. H.
Flower*. Secretary, II. 8., 332
Prior Street.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMIT.
TEE, Socialiat Party of Canada,
meet* every 2nd and 4 th Tuesday
in the Month. J. O. Morgan. Secretary, 551 Bernard Street. Vancouver, 11. C.
LOCAL VANCOUVER. NO. 1, S.P.
of Canada. Buslaes* masting* every Monday evening at headquarter*. Ingle*! le Block, 818 Catnbt*
Street, (room 1, second floor.) War
ucatloaal meeting* every Sunday ni
8 o'clock p.m.. In Sullivan Hall.
Cordova Streat.
D. P. MILLS. Secretary.
Box 888,  Van. ouver B. C.
LOCAL TORONTO - Meet* Sad aad
aad 4th Tuesday*. Temperance Ball
Bathurst St. F. Dal*. Secretary,
41 Henry •treat. W. O. Oribbte,
organizer. 180 Hogarth Ave.
WANTED, by Chicago
hou»*, apeclal representative for
each province in Canada. Salary
120,00 aad expense* paid maasiy.
Expense money advanced,
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No investment required* Prr-iosm
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O.: Buffalo. N. Y ; Atlanta. Oa..
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SUBSCRIBERS TAKE NOTICE. '
in
'Ihi* I-.mii* Is No. 350. If Uii*
the number upon your adtlrea* a)
your subscription expire* with
number. If further capi— ar*
i*d, renewal should be mad* at *****
tho Socialist Party pledge* Itself to!If care Is take* to renew before t*V>
condtict all the public affairs placed jaxplr*tion of the old *ub*Kriptle*s* it
In lt* hands In such a manner aa to will greatly simplify matter* ta th a
promote   the Interest* of the work- office a* well a* avoid any break In
ing class alone.
*"
APPUCATIOX FOR MEMBERSHIP IN THE SOCIALIST PARTY    OF CANADA.
hereby  apply  for  membership
I,     THE     UNDEKSIONED.
in Local
 Socialist   Party  of
Canada.
f recognise the claws struggle
between the capitalist claaa and
the working clas* to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist claas.
If admitted to membership.
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relation* with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Applicant	
Address	
Occupation	
Age	
Citlsen...	
Admitted to Local 190..
 Chairman.
 Kec.-Sec.
receipt of paper*.
ESTABLISHED 1894
The VOICE
TH* IMMt Later ham at
Always • ft-arlesa* exponent ia the
cause of labor.
For one dollar th* paper will b*
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Workingmen of all couatric* will
•00a recognize the fact that tatty
must support and read their labor
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lamed every Friday.
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ATsENT
We ao'Mt the Doaioeaa of Haaafm*** * 1 s
lafipeer* *od other* wbo realise Ihe adVtsaMl
iiy of having their Patent bnatne** traaaactcU
 „   byHxpert*.   Preliminary advice free.  Charge*
An     ifcO. 7K    request. Marlon sTafartai, New York Uf* Mdg.
QS—ifO.tO.  MoBtreal I nnd Washington, D.C, V.aUk,
,vt, O^n HtiP   ««
"EST   IN B   C C \t*^V^S-
''n&mmm
•H'liew.**-"
■I*
**■■■
•■assesses* SATURDAY, FEB. 16, 1<K>6-
>  nsiiiSm
■saw
THE WtBTEBN OLABION. VAKOOtTvTBB,   BBITIBg COLUMBIA.
onE Tm-N<l AND ANOTTIEH.
vhi
x.„ uinuiotir Tribune, of   Mon-
.   ,n,S     Adrian Sandiaon gives
llT orpQratlon* andX crue , vay in
'' thev  rob  "the public. Th
'dons    do  on    a large   seal*
Sat  the worthy alderman   tit
ur* to *# correct to call  an  al-
",,   worthv — reason  unknown)
*rS, *k do on a -inafl «•*. and
lSttt   '1  K,WU      lhC'  l>ri>Ut   °Ut-
,(
thilr employ*** who   are
,!""'si.l.J'.<w "'  rottbery.      The pub-
K   in this rase moan* the conaum-
|K    T|„, conaugner i* not robbed. If
chargi-d  for  electric power
Winnipeg l« ,norc   inan
thinks fair,   ho   is   at
,, either oo without or gi-n-
elactlicfty  hiniw-lf
■ei
iii*
If  he
I nnl'
light  in
the consum**
liberty
^'.hc'laUH-^'r* he might
,u   tn tin- «'itv council or to   the
"'.t.nui.l   legislatuw  for  leave     to
'. Minn    ol   the     gus lil-.-rat«i  in
h ouiiiiiiUt-H at every scsmIoii.    It
iB mil  worth anything and he could
d-utitless gvt  all  be wanted  lor    the
trmiblc of ta*i»g '<■ »*•*•
|ruil«ii>''
jjt-ctions,
wh).n Von Miivlsick. of Prmssia,
nlis getting ready to nationalir* tho
hi- wa* DB*t tti'h many oo-
some of which have a very
,.,,.. ..,. sound to the Hwialiwt.
•Ilo'i are you going to compensate
,-„. (-wner*?" Ami "Thar* are the
-.-Slows and orphans who really own
th.- railroad*--What about them?"
li,,— objection*, bowev*.', did not
• niuiili- \.m Mayhack any more than
H,,.. i,..th.-r or will bother the So-
cinlist. lb- employed capitalist method* and obtuined his end. To
uuolc from an urtiile by Charles
iviuunl Ku«im-ll in 'l-.vpr>l-<-d.v it:"
II,. went rpiietly into the stixk
,„arkel ami l.ouirht the control of
,,i„. ..r ihu railroails, On this-aa he
instant)) Ma'lii-d all rate* and.ivurh-
,.(l out lor all llusinesM. It wu*
>,mt.- lor knife in brutal fashion on
]„ larifl sheet*, but in the end the
invale loiupeiing company found
jv,ui Von May back hud tin* slron-rer
Hflapon and the bffttaf inn--. He
lid not care fur *ny protest about
vested rljihl* or to* Minciity of dlvj-
iliniJs but thruM hli* good blade
right and left. The stoi:khold<'ni
took (right »< the vani-hlng of their
ktlvideoitc nth a hard brutal person
like thai U> ileal with the widows
nml orphans MsuilUld to have no
rhanre in ih<- world uud in ihe «*ml.
the private roajpetition was clad lo
make 'li- 1*9*1 tana* it could with
•hi* iinni*-.t«-r.*"
Br.VRTACUS.
Mackenrio A Mann, -mid the Ortind
Trunk Pacific Railway, recently irot
inlo ii .piiirri-1 over the right of the
ioriuii to put in a irow-ii-g over tin-
lattei s irncks down in Ontario
( am w.-rc run upon lhe en ■suing and
-.ii.u-.lutt Harriradi-K of -«t«"i'l mils
H.-r,. erected, uml by the uxe of d>-
niiniiU* a hole *ui fret in clirumfer-
,I,.c was blown 0111 ni th<- troson
,-i.«iiiii. thus temporarily d**fruying
•Thi- > rosMiu- altogether. W4mbi con-
■.••j.iii.c Factions of loborora mat
anUt it i.ivl.' over luti- "luu
and order," Is seriously out-
ragi^f, aud ilu- strotisc hand of
gDvernaMBl *roltc* ih«- combatant*
an i restore* peace. Hut it aaatna to
t»- dirtiiTiil   nh.-n co|Ntelists itonrrei.
Ij-i-a   and order'1   xulfers  no  ou'rage*
vfaatever The ihisfwiilmn »>*>- thnt
-during this Ontario war the lalton-m
'it U.ih it line ■ niiie to blows. Just
ii-tuii  the)   u*-r<* fl-rhtiiig al-tiut  is not
xtai.il
s i   »ii
THB11.
Five Clarion sub. curds—^.'J.75
Provincial Parliament
iCiintinuud I'rom Page One.)
1 "md I*- bought ih«u|x-r nnd they
«>-re i.*-. misceplible of nwisiiiig thu
.iicroailiuii.ilIs of capitalism. Thc
ui' i.iiM. it, woman labor in tho l.'n-
Ited State* was much greater than
in (in-ut llritain, because her advent Into inibistrialimu did not coin-
ineiiii. till a later sta-re. but havintc
bean introduced It was found cheap
aod profitable «o the employer, It
incri-n.-K-d wilh startibsji rapidity. An
inveatlgatlon had Is-en mado by u
leading American pa|M.»r into the con-
ililiim of women employed in these
sweatshop* nnd factories, and it was
asserted ihat in Chicago alone 600,-
'mio women , or oni«-ifuarter of thu
whole population were emp.oyoil in
iweatiibop* at wage* running from
»■•" to WOO per year, not »a7 a
month but $117 a year, .lust think
•ol a woman living on that, and bo-
mg able to lead a dors-nt life. Fur-
Iher, it    wns    said that thero were
cases where such VMimsTi were nu-i-
l-uriing two or three children upon
« wag* of 15 cents a day. Was tt
•uiy worsler thut in such conditions
women were driven to lives of prostitution and shame. Smh condition
in that great country wore horrilje
lo urn template. Many liR-mliers of
■ he House were anxious for tho advancement of HHIlNh Cobnut.in, and
wished to make Vancouver or Vlc-
toria a second Chicago. They should
lKiir in mind that if they sui-cemled
in doing so under present conditions
Ihosa things of which he had spoken
HUIHt    follow.
''There is no reason, sir, today,"
-,'iM Mr. Hawthornthwaite, '1'for
that right—Jus Primae Noctis. The
master claaa can command it moro
""ly today than tho feudal lords
of old. Just think of a woman try-
-"K to lend a life of virtue on flftocn
"nts a day and having to support
n"'- helpless children. If honorable
JuemiMTs do not realise this, tho day
ls not far distant when they will,
•"nl im-mbem In this House in ohed-
!"■■<» to their political faith are do-
in-? thinr best to bring it about.
I'hc speaker then said he would
have to bring up tho ojuestion of re-
Hgion, There was soimithing path-
l'Jic in tho way in which women
citing t the simple teachings of tho
-Niuian-ne, those heautifid teachings
r'vh *n, U»lr promise of the Wo to
«ome.     ifo   co-flf-   i^ji   -anderstend
that Mlevlng that after their    suffer' -
be consoled by the thought that In
a future stale th<*ir wounds would
be healed, aud some measure of justice would be shown them, they
would cling to their beliefs. In regard to that he wished to moke
deer his own position in the matter
of religion. Recently in Vancouver,
he took occasion to attack some
worn-out groh.s fmperstitions, and
among these was the idea ol eternal
torment. He had characterized the
teachings of this iil.-u as a pack ol
lies conjured by priestcraft and
quackery to frighten people and to
k-t-ep thenn ahder. The press took up
his remarks und said that he and
bis party were endeavoring to pull
down the whole fabric of religious
belief, when in reality he was only
endeavoring to pull away certain
hideous superstiilons. The reason
ho had spoken was that the well
known revivalists, Dr. Torrey anil
Mr. Alexander were ut that time
preaching these suja.-1'biitioiu- iu Uie
old country. At present ttutai- gentlemen were in Toronto and had
been t'*ai'hiiig tin- NUB* tilings thore,
and ministers there had lak.-n Use
sane- stand and practically UiImU.i1
their teachings in thia retpact oa a
irnck of lies. lt vou impos-iible to
lieliine thnt a Is-wlicieut Creator
would after this life with all its
|«»ins vi an inik'il. re-clothe, our
Ixxlii-.-, for ih.- express pmpn-*- of tormenting them eternally. Th* part)
Ui wlin h he Is-longc-d hud also Isi-n
iniiliirii.il   on  mutters  of  religion   l>e-
eauac they hud ugrtx-d to aooapt as
the basis of their act ions the juuw-r-
iiiiihlii   teachings of histor.v.
At this point the S|M-akt.-r culled
Mr. Haw thornthwaiU" to onl.-r saying thut Ins religious opinions hutl
nothing to do with the franchise for
WOmM which wus the. subject before
the Hi►>!■*•.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite— Mr. Speaker, I am sorry to have to differ wilh
yon, but religious mutters have u
great deal t<, ito with the positii.ni of
women toduy. Mnny people iuki- thu
slum] thut on account of tlu-u ro-
ligious views w.Hii'ii ure not entitled
to ihe franchi**. Surely then, iu
this Hoijm' 1 have the right lo discuss oik- phase which has a most important Is-aring on tin- IjU—tlUll. 1
have never beard that in Ihe British
House of Commons any subject weui
Uio sacred t<> In' refusml di-.-u*-* ion.
Tin- Speaker-—] have already sniii
lh.it jour religious vows hav,- nothing to do with this matter, awl   il
vou  continue  1  shall   up|K'ul    to    the
House.
Mr. Hawth'irnlhwaite— Kxcuse me,
I am not saving what I ls-li.-ve or
do not ijvlicve, I have not suid thnl''
'l*he Speaker—Yes you have.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite— Mr. Speaker, you misunderstand at*. 1 have
sanl that certain religious views
hud un important l«iinng <m 'his
queatiOO. I have not cxpr-s-*.*d my
own views, but I wish to cxplnin
one phaae of this matter.    I    hav*
not wis-heil tn hurt ymir fis-lings or
ihat of uny other im-inlsr nf this
HiiiiM-. bul if n-litf.'iii hus boan usc-d
in this Hiius.' ,,r country t,i deprive
hiiv MCtlan ill the peopl* -if their
right*, linn in thi* House I will ris*-
uml dispuie thai contsmtloo und
IhoM* views.
Mr Hawthornthwaite continued
that   he   wns  going   lo  s|«'ak   on   the
tpsentliai of aconomto determinten,
which meant that tlM- mod* of production In any nge affected or determined   the  religion  anil  views   of that
age. lb- hnd recently pfctad up a
book in th*- library of W. I'. A-Ji-
ton, probably the onlv Cumulian
writer on political economy. He
pointed OUl 'hat no scientist ran
Mik,. ii stand on ilns quiHon without ilwiilBig us to whether this
theory is or is not true. Among
those who hnve accepted this lls/orj
is Carl Marx, the greatest authority on political ivommiy lhe world
has  evei   seen       ln  (act,  he discover-
od this theory, but be never denied
or affirmed a future existence.
'The Party which I rcpreseul,"
said Mr. lluwthomUiwaitc. 'believe
that n'ligion is a private matter,
and say thut evx'rvone hns n right
lo exprcMi ate views, but we cob-
teml that no religious views have
the right to Is- used lo deprive of
ificir liN-rities, any aection of the
peopl* of our country or any class!,
I will accept thc bona flhe discoveries of any scientist, but on nnv other deduetiona 1 have ns much right
as any other individuals to come to
my own conclusions. 1 will not accept thc mere deduction* Of un.v
aotentiat, whether ll is Karl Marx,
Spencer, or anyone else."
"Carlyle says There is no greater tragedy in the world today than
that of nny one man capable or re-
ceivim- human know ledge, should go
down to the grave without knowing
something of the little w* all know.'
Now, vve know loiluy how knowledge of the true conditions of life
is hliklen from the nuiny. This
knowledge is confined to the loarnid
circles, to colleges to which only the
wealthy and ureal can belong. So
far as the common people are concerned they learn nothing at all* At
least this is true so far as tho working peopl* and the middle clas-sos arc
concerned.
The speaker continued that hc
wished to deduct this conclusion
from evolution. That theory today-
Is believed to lie true all over the
civilized world, and is taught in every college as a portion of the curriculum. It tr-aehe* that man evolved to hie present form of life and
existence in thc course of count loss
agus, from tho lower forms of life,
awl this life as we know lt probably
had Its beginning in tho single coll
protogoon
od. If it is true that all after this
stage of existence is a blank, then
all she haa borne and s-uffcreu has
gone for nothing. So far as I am
concerned I repudiate that idea, but
i think it the duty of this House
to act exactly as if they believed
thut Idea to be true; that we should
do our duty to our mothers, wives,
and sisters here, tnat we should
treat woman kindly while we have
her here, and that we :,|„*li Bevet
again have nu Opportunity to reiui-
dy the wrongs we huve done her in
this life.
In conclusion, Mr. Hawthorn-
ihwuite said In- would ask the members to consider tills question seriously. He hoped that the views
he had uttered would have thut effect, nnd that the.v would lesOBjnit*
the wrong thut hnd lieen dinn* our
woun-ukjiid  through all lime.
"When ineinU'is of this Beats," he
sulil, "are given ,„. o-iportunity to
remedy these- gi laraaOM mui wiougs,
I ask Hn in to put aside paity ties
und to view ihis i|i**stion on its
merits alone. 1 know m<*n in this
House engaged In inalters of business s|s*culuii<in who do not psr-
haps give much thought to the**
things, ine I they feur nlso that it
muy injure their business in some
way b) bringing women to the level
Of HMO! but in a mutter of right
uml  Justice  these   things should    not
Nwfga. Tin- rnsMtloa is whether women should have lhe right to vote
or should not hnve the right. Take
yisir own religious standard und*
Judge il by thai Vou should do
unto others in this matter ns you
would have tlV'tii ito low arils fea,
I have suid that I tnisi to roc.ive
the iuniiMii.il HU|i|-ori of the Linaral
party on this tpn-siioii. nml I trust
ulso thnt I mny receive the su|HKirt
of mon.v iiiemis-rs or the acpoaita
skle, siillii i.-rt at least to make this
Mill    Im-coiui.'     law I   am   satisfied
that no harm cun come from It, that
nothing but good shull result We
have rvfu-M-d by our actions to give
women   protection     as   the   figure*    I
huve iqupted sluiw, und we huv*- eon*
further, we have r.fus.sl to allow
women io prot<*ct th.'iuv-lves. \ny.
worse, we have tiixl their hands am)
invited humanity to do its worst
with them. Our conduct towards
women In the past has b«Ti a stain
ti|»on our BgaJtoOd, th«' darkest blot
iil«in our eivili/ation. This House
is now given nn opportunity to remedy this evil, und I hope thnt the
cottafdnration of the matter will have
this efteit—that every member of
this House will vote solidly, eoUeo-
lively to hnve this Hill In-come law"
'Applause. J
PARKKR
SARCASM
Phat is an accepted
theory and T believe that thoory to
be trim. Ha accepted it himself, and
manv who luut acceplod it wont still
furthor. and assorted that beyond
this evolutionary point thoro was
nothing further to the existence ol
man. He did not go BO far a* that,
but suppose thai It was true, and
alter this life is completed, all Is a
blank. .
"Then " he continued, "I wanted
to ask you in thi* House that If
thi* is true, what is the position of
woman in this world, If all her sufferings    and    miseries  iuul   tlograda-
.*. .--.leviiig mat alter tneir    sui-   "~«*n*-    — - .       , wajJ*.
bigs hoi*'  were past,  thoy would   Horn here aro utterly lo*t ami wast
WILLIAMS'
AXD LOQIC.
At ilu- conclualon of Mr. Hnwtiiorc
thwaite'l sp«s*ch there was a pauae,
and as no one roae, th« S|s*aker
called "Qnestton,"   Just   ls-fon-   the
Im-II     rang Thon  Parker   Viilliuins
rose and suid h«- hud looted carefully round the House lo sii" if he
could not find some UltOlmil who
would give lht*m the oppoaita sitit', of
the quest ion lM-fore h«' expressed hiui-
wlf. Since no one wviiksI iinliii.il to
rise, he would say u few winds,
though the memls-r for Nunuimo had
covered the grouml so thoroughly,
that very tittle was left for him to
do. Personally he was proud to be
able    to     register     a    vote   on    this
Question, it had always been a poa-
zle lo him why there should t*e uny
difference between man and women
on the question of franchise, nml us
he grew o!ik»r the same question
still kept rising. Two years ago
when this question was before the
House in the shn|k' of nn amendment
to  tht* Provincial   KI,s:tions   Act,   thc
Premier hnd auggested thai all thev
had to do if they were in favor of
it, was to take up the Hansard of
the llritisb Commons, and ihey
wuiihl there find arguments on tht'
opposite side thut would convince
them thnt it was undesirable. He,
(Mr. Williamsi did not think that
wns necessary a* the strongest ar
guments for Woman suffrage were to
Is* found in the facts of every day
life-, but nevertheless he took up Hansard and went into the arguments
of some of the gentlemen who had
spoken on the subject and found they
spoke mostly from a very bourgeois
and commercial standpoint. One of
Ihem based his objection on the
groumi that women did not understand politic*. He (Mr. Williams)
has! lived for some years in Croat
Uritain ami Canada, and he also
spent some time in the United
States, nnd if thnt applied to women, thore was cortninly iho same
justification for refusing the franchise to men. Another gentleman
suid he did not think that ton par
cent, of the women would rend political speeches. If thoy wore of the
quality of that gi-ntlomnn's speech,
hc wns not surprised at lt. This
|»rson also said thnt it was opposed to the organic laws of the relationship  of   the  sexes.
"That was out of my luttituilc,"
said Mr. Williams," nnd 1 did not
go into it. Ine same gentleman
also kii id that it was opposed to the
Divine order of things nnd in support of his contention quoted Scripture fsom Saint Paul bnck to Genesis, and he nlso drew awful ronslu-
slons of what would lie tho result
if this right were granted, which
seemed to based on the ground that
nnv thing we do not understand must.
necessarily tie evil, and it would be
followed by every disaster from n
house on fire to tho dissolution of
the British Empire. This person
wns followed by another gentleman
with half the alphahot before his
namo and tho other half after it.
(laughter), who said that the question had been so thoroughly covered by the gentleman before him that
all lie could say was that it was
plainly thu duty of that House to
protect women from that sort, pf legislation. A very touching way of
putting it."
"What strikes mo most in this
matter in that women stand responsible for tho rising generation.
Thoy will surround thoir homos for
years with all sorts of good influences to lead their children in the
right way.  and mould their charac
ters, and no sooner do these children get out Into the world than they
find themselves surrounded by another set of influences over which
the mothers have no control, and
they find themselves powerless to
prevent all the good influences they
have lnculculi-d through long years
being wrecked in one short yen
And the lull in * of woman in !'■•
home has always lieen for goo-1 i id
why should it. i,.- otherwise io political affairs. Certainly our wn
management of the** affairs with.-.i ,
women is nothing to our crou.'. <
When we read that in this hurryiin' I
uge insanity is on the increase, wh-rn I
forgery und emtK-'/J'.iernent are com- [
mon affuirs, and honesty is lieeoin- I
ing a by-woe • f0r simplicitv. my j
idea is that lha influence of womei j
is such that it wouM have a salu-'
lory effect in checking th' pro-.',: i "-> |
of these evils. I brieve that the result of calling women : ito our pol. j
tics would make JTc." |/rij. 't.r purit ,'|
and simplicity, and nuc)- vve shju'd l
not suffer from th .n th ■; province."  i Applause.)
Mr.  llrown  (Ureenwo n'^  moved the
adjournment of the debate,    (j..    the '
following day  he. deliverwl a   strong '
spiii-h  in fnvor of U...- measure.
Mr. Hall, (Victoria), who two
rear* ago Introduced a similar I u.
also made an appeal for the li'<utv
of the women.
While four had spoken for tl ■ Hill. t
not onu could be found to i . ,i I
word against it, but the Pari- whip
had gone round on the (lov t • in-ut
siile, the Conservatives of to l.ih-
eral I'arty lined up with t',.-.,, ond
the Hill  was defeated by 2 I   tote* to
It, divided "s follows-
Yeus—Messrs.  Hrown, Mc   iven    c,v
ans,   Tanner,   Davidroti    Olives.     :«iur
ro,   Wells,   ''all,   C&tnarou,   Wlllinms,
Hawihornthw i
Nays—Messrs. U ,. hy. .,'ui*es, I.
A Maedonald, h> v i *. P* .nr "ri,
Tatlow, McBride, >l'i. -i, Cot»on
ESUiaon, Fraser, Ho." A MiH-'naii,
Ceraan, Fulton, Gardfe i, i ylor, Oif-
ford, Wright, Youi «*, 'ocgowan,
Shntford, Crnnt,  Maii".fi
LAM)  AS    "Sr M•".' JT.
Messrs. Hawthc.r th •. u, .* , nd Williams oppose a,i '."jindi. rot to the
Assessment •■,*■•', pr^ jsed b.v the
member for Fe- ie, to lixempt c >r-
porntions fror    fetation.
It   cannot len"l  thai   two     of
the most   use.i.. »'vrrs of  the 1'ro-
vincial   Ijegislu aro   th-    Ses ial-
ist   members for Nanaim" aud   Ka*
castle. They       oxcrt     ;>     constant
wnrchf nl ness over every raensore that
in any way affectR tl. • teterect* of
tho wr/i-king classes An Instance Of
this was co. n vu -n Mr. Hoss, of
Fern le, ir.trcdiiccd an ai.i'-ndmcnt to
tho ' ""-'l uMIM'IIBIl* ill Act to pi-o-
vill*,- luu corporaiioii.' ileuling in
lano    should   not   lie   iib.eit   to   i!oil-
bltf taxation h;    irst peyinc the wild
land   tax.   it.d   th'-n.  after lund   was
sold.     t,.-     i..\.o   on   bu     no   derived
from   t'io  s   ' ■.
Mr.   Pi   '
led    th'll    if
eil   lo   add   t
In-coming   Ino '
reason   to  ex
tion in any  v
Mr. Hoss sii.; at tin" an.oimt of
Income derived fro. i sale a'iove the
assessed value of lho laud would
still lie taxable. For example, if
they sold tend for $20 an acre l .at
had    bii-n     assess**'   ri   $5    u      ere.
they  would have        ,       ..  tax
on   tho  $15 difference.
Mr. Havvthornthwuito said that if
land could lie assessed at $5 that
was worth $20, then; must \re something  wrong  with  the assessment.
Mr. Hoss said he only used the fig.
gules as an illustration. It could
bo easily seen thnt in a large ol *.•.
of thousands of acres some law'
would bc sold above the assessed i
lue.
Mr. Haivthorn'iiwaite sai'"' it wns
well known that parcela o: land held
b.v thesi! corporations wore t^'in-j;
sold as tovvnsites at enormous pri'-.;
though only the ordinary land ax
was paid on them. He saw no reason for relieving corporntio- from
taxat^n, and should opi ■ ^o the
amendment.
The nmendmen i.  was cairi. .on   a j
mixed     vole,    but two du,        aflf! -
wards,   Mr.   Hoss   thought   ts.-t.ir    ui |
Taking them as a whole, fhe general movements of wages are exclusively r.-gi . * sl by the expansion
and coirtracuort i' tAe iridvitnia1 re-
1j»t" . wi'.y, Mid thc*«» again ccit»3-
pt .'d j the pn-iodk- change or the
iud.  .Mai     c..cie They are,   there
fore, io* determined by the vari-a-
■ iiis ut the .i isotute n-mts-r of the
woraan*t     rsr|i.ilutiim,    but    b.v     the
vi proportions     in  which    the
w,. i xf i lass ls dividnd Into active
.nil i» . i w unny, by the increase or
<U:uuii lion in tho relative amount ol
the »•',,;„. population, by the ex-
tent o which it is now absorbed,
noi    wt  free.—Marx.
The Opposition. A term applied
to that faction of the political expression of capitalism that happens
to be out of office, as against the
faction that is in office. This alone
constitutes the sole ground of
opposition. und a most serious
one it Is.
 O ■'"   ■
Five<Jlarioti sub. cards—$3.75.
The ormqiiest pf the power* of the
capitalist state by the working
class, carries with it that control
of economic organization and power
upon which the freedom of labor d**-
[ mills.
r
Big REDUCTION Sale
INMIRCHANT TAILOIU1NG
We Have Removed from Victoria
 ALL OUR	
Fall And Winter
Stock. Must be Sold
Before Spring Goods
Arrive
Cheapest Bargains in the City
Give Ui a Trial.   Fit Guaranteed.
Charlie *
100 Hastings Street.      -&
Vancouver, 8. C.
h
=**=
Williams promptly sta-
hese eorporatioo* wish-
• h. ir o|,-J.r>.->Mious by
.HHrks, lv saw no
it   them from    taxa-
-   Out   {Victoria  aAdvertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
FALL SUITING
From $25.00 I p.
E.   SHAPER,
12 Broml Street, Victoria, B. C.
L
HAE0LD BURNETT
NEWS AGENT.
Viotoria General Agent for Th*
fiKATTLB TIMES
^OK'TLAND OKEGONIAS
•9C-N FRA-* CISCO CUROMCLI
8AN FBAjNCIBCO EXAMIHK&
hOt, AMiELE? EXAMINER
,1.06.*NCKI.ES TIMES
CUIC/VtiO   AwERli A>
BOSTOje AMERICAN
•ENNI-VLVA.MIA GRIT
.NEW ^IWtii AMERICAN
■'     UKRAI.D
••    -NEWS
•'     TJFLEGRAPH
"      WORI.D
 Alao handles Saa Praaclsco
jday Bulletin and Call.    Prompt aad
Do you know we soil from 10 to 25,  regular    dally    delivery   aeryicei    to
Colonial Barkery
•iii   Johnson  St.,   Victoria.  B.C.
wMONrfflfiOE BREA0 MO CAKES
UelUered  to any  part ol tha city.
Driver   to   call.      Thon*.   810.
As*
cents cheaper  than  our competitors.
-HASHES'FAIR
FOX*   Jl.   CTTA3T3E
73 Crnnaut Straat, VMwia, I. C.
60  YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
subscribers.
P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
Co.
Trade MV-ta
DcaioN*
Co»vniCHT* Ac.
AnTine eendtng a sketch and deecriptlon b*t
>i..ki% am-ertxin our opluloo free whether an
 jn is iirobsblr r»ienl*;
tlons »ifictlT<vn»d*iitlaL HAN
it. Perbapa thi* argjiments of
Socialists were of sonic avail, ii
anyhow he said he found consider .(>'
opposition had developed In :' and
naked leave to withdraw 1 ajnond-
ment The -xTinission wn f^ranted
without a murmur of dis»
i,«icki> _
I ,»*ntl.n M probable paiani
limn mrlrtl»riiii*d*iitlal. HI
rent f-e*. Oldeel •aeni'T foe
Patent* Ukeu thrnuah It
■venal wl if f. wit hout charte. In
Come-wiUm.
ooPataaU
rpaienie
-uh Mbub A Co. sweatee
cb-u-ce. lath*
Scientific jfftierkatt.
A taandsomelT llhistratad weeklr.   Ureeet elr-
llaUon uf *ny sclentuie fiaraal.   Terms,lis
rear: four monlne.IL Sold by *Jl*****d**l*t>.
ran^sstefi*
•****•************•*•*•**•
TELKPHONK BT79 «
HCimy BEHNSEN ft
Ma—iKlira fit
± HAVANA
CI6M8
«> Ri. I Cwln It
VICTORIA, B.C. ■
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THE  WESTERN  CLARION
5 yearly nub. cards for $8.70.
Bundle* of 25 or more copie* to
one addrees, -far a period of three
months or mon* at the rat* of oa*
cent per copy.
Patronise our advertisers.
SEWING MACHINP.
ROLLER BEARING
HIGH GRAM
United Hatters iof North America
ffbee you are hujilac a rUK BAT •** t* It
th* Oenali.* Ualoa Xabal 1* **w*d la tt. If a retail**-
haa looae lal sssla In hat poMeeaion aa* ofsrs te pelt
ona In a hat   tor you, do not patronlM   him. L*l*»
latxl* la ret a-aj etore* ar* countarfaiU. Th* awr-ala*
Ualoa Lahwl ** iiartarat** oa four •***■, eiaetly ih*
mam ss a p a-atag* atanp. CountartetU ar* *o*m
time* parfor* steal oa thr** e«jjwe. a** *o m* time* only
ea two. Jo las •• Stetaon Co., *l Philadelphia I* a
aoa-unloei a* io****.
stftrrirr, PrMldaai. Osaac*. N. J.
ll  W averlw    Place
JOHN  A.
MARTIN    L AWtjOR.    Secretary,
n«w  Test.
a     l mi i
Money
by buying thi*
reliable, honest,
high grade *ew-
ing michirn..
STRONGEST GUA^ANTEK.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
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FACTORY ATBBLVIDBOR IU.
BudMD'a Bay Compaay. AajMta
OUR
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Specially Recommended.
Sells all
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Country
The Vancouver Breweries. Ltd.
Telephone 429
i i
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I
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FOUR
THE WESTEBN  CLARION,  VANCOUVER,   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY, PER. lo, loo*.
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•
s
NEWS AND VIEWSf
jSHm!^^ the dominion I
Edited by R. P* PETITIFIECrE, to whom aR correspondence for this department should be addressed. ©
There's a thing—anent Comrade
Hawthornthwaite's Woman's Suffrage Bill—the women would have a
serious time making less use of their
franchise than their "lord and master." Fancy Bob Kelly corralling
80 or 40 women up the coast and
leading them to the polls with
'"booie" and promises of "jobs."
j      	
Mayor Buscombe—Hearst-like-- has
established a Civic Emp.oyment Bureau, and, as the dty press says:
"From the number of sturdy, likely-
looking men applying for work, it is
apparent that there are many men
in thc city in need of employment."
Huge bank clearings; glorious prosperity. What a lot of chumps the
workers are, anyway.
TORONTO     SOCIALISTS'      CELEBRATION OP    'BLOODY
SUNDAY."
When the Empress came into port
the other day, over 200 men stood
anxiously by waiting, aye, begiring
for a chance to work a few hours to
•earn a meal-ticket. They were practically lined up and tho slave-driver
selected about 40 odd of the huskiest looking to do the unloading.
Who said slavery? Some of these
same damphools voted for Bob Mac-
pherson last election and were told
in Socialist meetings that they'd get
just what they voted for. And now,
some of these same loyal singers of
"Briton's Slaves Shall Never Be,"
have the nerve to look a Socialist ini
the face, and even complain of their
jobless and hapless misery. Some
men think with their head; others
with their stomach, The purgative
may do good by next election.
John Mitchell's huge aggregation
Of coal miners are figuring on going
on strike—as soon as the warm weather comes round. In the meantime
the job-owners are getting an immense supply of coal on hand, so
that as soon as their slaves refuse
to work the price of coal will be advanced enough to make the dividends!
the same as though the, slaves were
at work. By the time the supply is
exhausted the coal miners will have
been starved into submission. And
let us hope they will also have learned the necessity for political action
to cope with their masters. Even
after their last great strike the miners fwith their leaders) voted thc G.
O. P. ticket almost to a man. Experience Ls a hard task-master; but
it seems as though the workers will
try everything before the right thing.
Much privation, suffering, misery and'
despair will ensue as a result of the
strike; but in the end it can only result in developing and chrystalliaing
the revolution soon to be. It's an
awful price to pay for economic ignorance, but, like birth.pangs, such
experience must come oftener and
more severe until the child—the co'
operative Commonwealth—is born.
I W. W. Jermane, among other
things, in the daily preen, says:
"The plans made by Japan for extending her commerce show that the
militant spirit she displayed in the
late war will be in evidence in more
peaceful pursuits. Nothing is more
remarkable about the Oriental Yankees than the quickness with which
they grasp Western ideas and apply
them to their own conditions. Japan is situated to the Orient as
England to the Occident, and everything points to her intention to become a great manufacturing nation
and a great carrying nation. Col
onization and sea power leading to
commercial supremacy seems to be
her motto. With a large seafaring
population, low wages, cheap coal
and liberal government subsidies to
steamship companies, the Japanese
will reach out for a good share ol
the lucrative carrying trado of the
world. Evidently, the Japanese believe that tbe commerce follows the
flag in peace as well as war." Just
so. And with the Far East supplying it* own needs and rerjuire-
ments, not to mention being able to
ship good* into America cheaper
than Americans can produce them
themselves — based on the present
wage-scale—what will the big industrial robbers of America do with
their stolen property? The only object in rolling American wage-slave*;
is to dispose of the "surplus" and
coin it into dividends. Hence, no
market, no need for robbing of the
wage-slaves; no robbery, no John, no
wages, increased under consumption
—then the revolution. After which
the workers o? all countries will
build houses to live in; railways, automobiles, etc., to ride in; make
clothes to wear; food to eat, and
shoes to wear. In a word, production for use instead of for a "mar
tort." Socialism. It seems but a
question of months.
Force is Permissible Where Peoplo
Have not the Rights of the Ballot, Free Speech or Free Press.
Says William Mailly, of Toledo,
To the Gathering.
To aid the fund to buy arms for
self-defence by the Russian working-
men was the object ot* a collection
taKen up at a meeting of the Socialists in the Labor Temple yesterday. The meeting was in connection
with the international celebration,
held in all parts of the world, of
"The first anniversary of 'Moody
Sunday,' the eventful day when hundreds of Russian workmen were
slaughtered by the Cossacks of capitalism in St. Petersburg," and the
chief speaker was William Mailly, editor of the Toledo Socialist.
"The Revolution in Russia" was
the subject of Mr. Mnilly's address,
though the bulk of his remarks consisted of an exposition of socialistic
ideals and a denunciation of capitalism. He complained that none of
the civilized governments—not even
the strenuous Teddy—had raised a
hand against the Russian atrocities.
HVe hear nothing," he said, "except
the ghastly silence which gives the
lie to the theory that the civilized
governmeots stand for progress."
The speaker referred with gratification to the fact thai the workers
were waking tip in England. "The
capitalists of the world are beginning to tremble," he said, "If you
read the morning papers you will
see despatches showing dread on the
part of the ruling classes of England, because during the past week
there have been nien who after years
of lassitude and indifference have
gone to the ballot boxes and elected
men of their own class. (Loud applause.) Well may the ruling class
of England tremble." "The revolution in Hussia," Mr. Mailly declared
"is only the symptom and the manifestation of a world-wide revolution. The very same forces which
are at work in Russia are at work
in Great Britain, in America and
elsewhere."
In announcing the object of the
collection, Mr. Mailly said the lack
of anns was the one thing which prevented the progress and dose of the
revolution. "Over here," he said,
"we have the ballot and the franchise and do not have to Use arms.
In Russia the case is different, and
they are compelled to resort to arms
because they are denied the right to
vote or to assemble, di-nied the right
up till recently of a free press, although now, there is a daily Socialist paper published in St. Petersburg." Where these things were not)
obtainable by peaceable means, then
they must be secured by forcible
means. "It is up to Us," said the
speaker, "to say whether the Russians will lie successful or not. What
they need in Russia is arms. They
cry for arms. It is up to us, comrades and fellow-workers, to give
today what we can towards this
cause. At every meeting held
throughout the world there will be
collections taBXn in order to enable
the revolutionary headquarters to
procure arms for the revolutionists"
At the close of Mr. Mailly's address several caseations were put to
him on| g|eneral Socialistic topics ami.
ho replied to them. In reply to onu
he incidentally mentioned that John
Burns years ago became a renegade
to the labor movement in Great
Britain.
At the opening ofthe meeting, a
Russian revolutionary song to the
tune of the Marseillaise was sung by
a Russian choir, and a young Russian gave a violin solo.
The collection realized |27.
 o—	
o— „
I     CLARION  QUESTION BOX      I
WORKINGCLASS   "PROSPERITY"
IN SEATTLE.
Says Marion B. Baxter, an editorial tyrlter in the Seattle Times: "•
• • The average well-to-do citizen
would be startled could he but know
the poverty that infests Seattle today! No more prevalent here than
in other cities, to be sure—but not
so easily relieved as in older cities,
because the work of relief is yet in
its infancy here. Thero are men in
our midst who have been unfortunate, either through their own fault,
or circumstances over whii-h, they
have no control. They are without
proper food and clothing. Iymg days)
and night* of xposuro have- done
thoir work, until a Strang fever lurk*
in their veins, and despair seizes
them. • • •" But, as usual, no ablution whatever ls even hinted at.
VANCOUVER LOCAL, NO.  1.
The regular business meeting of
the Local, wns held at the hi'n<|t>imr-
ters on Monday evening, Feb. r.th.
Comrade  Morgan presiding.
Tho minutes of the previous meeting were approved, and warrants
drawn for the following amounts:
Stationery  2!>
Light     2.86
Total   $2.61
The Organizer suggested the necessity for hall for propaganda meetings. Referred to Program Committee.
Report of Programme Committee
referred to New Business,
The committee on ways ami moans,
report ikI progress.
Under head of now business, thc
Programme Committee were instructed to hire the small Sullivan Hull
from week to week until mora commodious quarters could lie procured.
The Trust" and its bearings on Socialism to lie the subject next Sunday evening. Com. Wilkinson to preside und Com. Parr to oi-eu the debate.
Under the head of Good and Wat-
faro, the separate account for heud-
qunrters was merged into the "general  fund."
The financial  report for the   week
is as follows:
Donation by  Leeds,  to Oenernl
Fund   $1.00
Literature !25
Headquarters  US
Dues       8.00
Total    I4.H0
The      Financial     report     for    Ihe
month,  ending Jan.  81.,  showed:    I
Cash    on   hund    Dec.    30th.,
1908  *    D.3fl
Cash   received   January       115.80
Total ...
   B128
12
Cash    on    hand,
.1 an.
.'list,
1900,   ...
   *   15
58
Receipted  C
ash
vviirran
b,  re-
turned by
Treasurer,
Jan,
81,  I90i>,
      109
59
G.W.W., Toronto. — Will try and
give ali information ask-*-l for in the
next Issue.
Two patrols, accompanied each by
two detectives, visited the offices of
D. R. McNaught & Company, ami S.
A. Anderson & Company, Toronto,
recently, and seized the books, papers, and memorandums on tho premises. This vigorous action on the
part of the Crown authorities has
come from the long aeries of acts of
alleged extortion and deception which
have resulted from tho practices of
money brokers in deceiving the poor
and needy. When McNaught's office
was raided the detectives found a
man and a woman in the'act of sifctn-
iw papers for a small loan at 84
per cent, per annum,—Daily Press
Of course the good and "prosperous"
people .of the Pacific Coast will he
horrified to note the existence of
such institutions. But right here in
Vancouver, where "the freight is
high, we have money grabbers who
can leave the effete East sharks   rtt
_, V°lo'u., ]t ma» tmm distasteful
and humHIatine- to live in a community where such a "hold-up" fraternity thrive, but certain it is, they
are but the product of our social
system. The few taking full advantage of the dire necessities of others.,
While there can be no justification»
for the existence of such sanctimonious scalawags, yet wo pause to ask:
If 125 per cent, is usury and extortion, by what mode of reasoning is
5 per cent, moral and right? Is not
the same principle involved in either
case even under capitalism?
Five yearly sub. cards-~$3.75.
Total      M25.I2
The Local held a dunce at Masons
Hall. Mt. Pleasant on Tuesday evening, Feb. rith, which was an eminent
social success, despite the necessarily
limited appropriation* of the committee in charge. The waltzes, sch-
ottisches, two-step, three-step, ,i*uii k-
stop, and various other steps which
the writer's (culpulile) Ignorance of
up-to-date dancing prevent* him from
describing. „r even designating bv
name, was indulged in without intermission (except to eat a few sand
niches, etc.) till the "wee sum
hours."
In deference to the writer und sonn
more of his ilk who were class-con
scions enough to stand together nnd
assert their right*, a few Square) dun
ces were included in the programme
the popularity of which action was
manifested by the" fuel thut to less
than ten sets of "lancers" \\;>re occupying the floor at lhe same time
with many waiting who could not
get room either at the proverbial
"top" or bottom.
The committee takes this opportu
nity of thanking all the comrades!
and friends who helped to make the
affair a Success, and promises that
the next of the kind will be held in
even more commodious quarters with
better accommodation* and facilities
for    'feeding the multitude."
1). P.  MILLS, Secretary
• ■ —o
Tf.NINO,   WASH.
Editor "News nnd Views."
Dear Sir,—A great deal of discussion has arisen recently in Sociulis
tic and trade union circles by reason of the rtttempt made to form a
new kind of trade, or wuge-vvorkers
union known os the Industrial Worlo*
ers  of tho  World.
A short time ngo I enjoyed thn
privilege of hearing the matter discussed in a boarding house in this
little out-of-the-way place bv expon
ents of both the I.W.W. and pure und
simple trade unirm point of view, as
well ns a few telling comments volunteered by a so-culled politicul So
cialist.
During the conversation, the advocate of the I.W.W.'s form of organization dwelt, at some length on I th
evolution of the Trust and point inn
out the necessity of "lubor" or
workmen's unions following nlon«
the same line. fie laid (Treat stress
on the concentration of Capital Into
fewer hands and tho effect it had of
binding l'l.owner* together for mutual protection and advantage. The
workers he pointed out., should also
lie bound'togk'ther for mutual protection ami present a solid front, then,
in the event of a strike in any
branch of an industry, the wholo industry itself would be tied up, and
thus force concessions from employers. He also expressed the opinion
that such an organization as the I.
W.W. was imperatively necessary to
the successful taking otter and carrying on of the industries under a
co-o|ierativo commonweal Ih, even if
political action was taken to "expropriate  tho  expropriators."
Tho pure and simple trade union
advocate's argument was not so
much a defense of the style of organization for Which ho stood ns a
criticism of the disruptive motives
underlying the action of tho founders of the I.W.W... He sts-mOd to
take it for granted that the A. F.
of L.'s policy and ihe policy of the
affiliated unions was correct, and tho
formation of any organization opposing the A. F. of L; wns dangerous and could only work detrimentally to the interests of "organized
labor."
To the astonishment of the I.W.W.
advocate, the Political Socialist took?
the position that the A. V. of L.,
was following along the line of tlve
Trust ns tho I.W.W. advo«-iitii hud
stated worUinginen's organizations
should do. He said the Trust was
tho result of competition and so was
tho 'A. F. of L. Taking the ''Stan-
dard Oil" as an illustration, tintJiointV
ed out that its organization was
due. not to a fight with the timers
of oil, but with Competitors in the
oil market. The itruggta was to eliminate competition by destroying
its competitors, and thus modify
price* by controlling the market. So
with the nfluiated unions of the A.
F. of L. The real fight <>f the sellers of the commodity labor-power,
was with competitors, other sellers
of lubor-power, not with the buyers
of labor-power, employer*; The
"Standard Oil" by eliminating competition controls a section of the
commodity market, and can modify
market prices by regulating the supply, in other words, can "charge nil
the traffic will bear." The pure and
i-imple trade union by elimiiiirtiu,"
competition controls that section of
the lnbor market in which its particular commodity, labors-power, is
sold, and ran modify prices, wages,
bv regulating the supply, in other
winds "can charge all the traffic will
iH-ar." In the evi-nt of n strike, the
tight In every inst ami' is to prevent
competitor* from selling labor-].ow-
er in lhat section of the lnlior iniir-
Ret where an effort, is lieing made to
raise the price. And here unconsciously to the vast majority of the
members of trade unions, advantage
is taken of the law rOgUattng price*!
"supply nnd demand."
Incident ly, the remarks credited to
.lohn Mitchell at the convention of
the I.M.W., now in session, by press
despatches, that, the coal mine owners could increase ihe wages of the
miners and charge tho I'. S. Sti-el
Corporation a higher price, since it
could afford it, came in for a little
discussion.
The Pi S. claimed that this was
an excellent proof of the statement
he had previously made, that "the
wage* of the whole working class
COlud not b* raised" ami thut "any
advantage gained by one aeetloB of
the working class, was at the ex-
|>ense of the rest of the working
class."
His explanation waai "The In*
creased price of coal to the Steel
Corporation would increase the co*i
of producing steel. The price beie
based on the cost of production the
price of Steel would rise: the price of
steel lieing bibber, tho cost of production of manufactured commodities in which steel js us.il for machinery, etc., would nlso be greater,
hence the price would rise, and the
price of commodities being higher.
the cost, of living hnd lieen raised,
heme the real wage of the workim
class had been reduced, since th
the real wage can only be tuix-d on
its purchasing power. He claimed
that this holds good in nil branches
of Industry, consequent)) if the different lections of the working clas*
succeeded in raising or having their
wages raised, the cost of living would
grow in proportion, hence the ulssuril
position of any kind of trade or Industrial union organisation In claiming to benefit the working clnss by
raising  wages.
He left the impression on my mind
that wages entered into the cost of
production of a commodity and that
un increase of wages must ni-cessur-
ily mean a proportionate increase
in the cost of production, umi an Increase in the price of the commodity.
Ih this the Correct position'.'
A little information through the
Column* of the Clarion under "News
and View*," on the relative position
of wages and the price of a commit-
dity on which the lubor-power, for
whiih the wages are lieing paid, is
lieing expended-, will be much appreciated   b.v.
Yours sincerely,
DOUGLAS  CAMERON.
Torino, Wash., Feb.  1, (T90«.
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
We have two cases (lOO pounds) of Bre.
vier Type* 8ipoint, almost new, cost 52
els a pound a year atfot will sell at
25cts a lb.    Following is a sample of the Types
s*
Hartford, Conn., Jan. to.—-A certificate
of incorporation of the Caxaca & Pacific
Railway Company of Hartford, haa been
filed wilh the secretary of state. Thc
authorized capital stock of the company
is {40,000 000. These figure* exceed
those of any other company which ha*
filed such a certificate with the secretary
WRITE.
Western Clarion,
Box 836. VANCOUVER, B. C.
The cost of production to the cap*
italisl. is measured entirely by the
cost of the labor fiower necessary to
carry it on. In other words, Ilu*
sole cost of production is lutior cost.
The only time Inborers call successfully demand nn actual Increase of
wages is when the supply of labor
available is -ss than sullicient to
satisfy the demand for It. I'nder
such conditions of the labor market
the sellers of the labor power would
have a decided advantage over the
purchaser*, nnd one ihat could not
well be offset by an increase in the
price of other commodities.
When the condition of the labor
market is such that there is a constant . surplus of available labor in
evidence, no power on earth can
fon-e the actual wages up. Any Increase that mn.v be **cured by any
portion of the laborers, through com.
bination or other circumstances will
be offset b.v an increase in the cost
of living, or a cut in the wages of
olher workers somewhere along tho
line, which is, in reality, equivalent
to the same thing, Coder such conditions of the labor mgrket tha purchasers of labor-power have a decided advantage over the seller* and
one which they are by no means slow
in utilizing. That such a condition
of the labor market has long since
become chronic every one knows.
That, some sort of a conglomeration must, needs lie created in order
to takio over and carry on tho industries in the event of the uprise of
tho working clas* lo the control of
the jiowers of tho State, Is the latest bad dream arising from uu-nhil
indigestion. Tho workers are already organized into a powerful and
efficient industrial army. They have
been organized, and are held together ln such organization by the
modern machinery of production.
From this organisation they could
not. escape if they were so minded.
In such organization they are today
canr.ving on the industries in so effective tt fashion thot lhe market-* of
the world are fairly gorged with
product*. Hugo industrial estabflish-
ments change owner* from time to
time, and yet so efficient   Is this or
ganisation that  not a wheal    (top*
because of such change. When the
workers become so minded as to
send their own representatives to
tuke possession of the ortfnnizi-d powers of the State in Iheir own l-ehulf
this powerful and efficient organization wfll In- on hand, not only to
carry on the industries, but to furnish the men to do whatever el*B
may be ini-esHary to render effi-ctrvv
the   mandate   of   labor,   ui   expr.-sx-d
at the polls.
Dreamer*    of    craty    '"economic'*
dreams would less frequently suffer
from such affection! if they would inform themselves as to the meaning
of economic twguiii/iition and when-
to  look for it.
The various matters touched upon
In the dis<'tissioti referred to b.v our
correcpondenl will i»- token up and
dealt with from time to tiirnc in the
Clarion. This will have to be de
ferreii for a while owing to the pfsav
sun' upon our columns through the
publication of aotnewhai extended reports of proceeding* in the Provincial House. Our Correspondent ma-
rest assured, however, that his "|m
litical   Socialist"   knew   whcrOof     he
S|Hlke.
Us leek's Specials
Men's Winter Overcoats in plan
broy oxford*: coat* which nm,. totd
this season at flo;  tnis  we«k «..-■•,
Men's Fine Worsted and r».*«i
Suits, single and double <rea-tiM
all wool clolhs. regular $lti.ZO «*,ii
•*•■-. for   $|i.go
Men's f'rnveri*-tt*> Katncoulo. full
lined, in neat dork greyi and 1*1* ks
■ oats which are sold evcrbub.,* «•
113.00.     Our price    for    thi*   »■*»
"fl'V     ffi.Jy
KILR0Y, MORGAN CO, Ltd
ts
IlKYoi.t'TloVUlV  HYMN.
Sis* the blood-red banner waving*
Now the con \ienntj Issgton* throng.
<>n to virt,,rv twlft. advancing,
Eager all t., crush onl wrong.
l.aw   of progress,  by  who-*- pOwef
Flnrthl.v  nations  rise nnd fall.
Lead our comrades thru' the conflict
Mete   Ihv   justice  out   lo  all.
Long have [irny.-rs for justi-v risen
From  poor  Russia's bleedingfjaaft.
Ilnriiin.' towns and outrat-i-ii women.
Ties  of  famlljl   torn   npui •
Martyred heroes.
Shall   they  en)I
llrenk the chains
llreak   the   rule
blood of comrade*,
and plowl In vaiu','
.if brutish hoiiilagri:
of creed ntul gum
Human freedom— that dear wntrh-
wnrd
Which inflames each Itussinn l^ree-it.
Soon  shall   swell  u  *...ni- of  triumph,
When thv wrong* shall be rednaasd
Blood red  banner,  lift  it   higher,
t/at   the  winds furl  out   Its fold.
On   to  victory,   Kussian  comrades'
Our heart's sympathy  vou hold.
Wor' er«   of   the   world,   awaken!
llreak Ihe chains thai bind yon fast
To hard lives of toll nnd suffering.
To a  pnu|"'r's grave at ln*t.
Old and rotten systems tremble;
Thrones are totferinir fo their fall.
For the  reipn  of greed  nnd  lucre,
'Tin the "writinir on  the wall "
A1,1 :\ A NI IF.II STF-I'I H-.N
Sipininish,   ll    C
•**••*•••**•**•****•••••**
WAGE-LABOR
AND CAPITAL
BY tCARL MAflX.
Single cople*, 5 cents; •
copies, 25 cent*; 15 cople*. BO
cents; 40 eoplea, 11.00; 100
copies and over, 2 cents per
copy.
These rate* Include postAgo
to any part of Canada or the
United Kingdom.
"The Western Clarion"
♦♦♦»>»>»»»♦»♦»»♦»••»#••«■»
'***•**••*************••••*
BURNS & CO. 1
HARDWARE and        ?
Second Hand Oealer
Cook Stove* and Tools a
Boor inlty.
We buy and sell all kinds of
wrap metal, old machinery,
ruMier,   *ncks,   bottle*,  etc.
Stores—1.18 Cordova St., E..
hardware A. junk. 101 Powell
St.. new and .second hand furniture.
: 'PIMM 1971 VUCMVtf, •. I.
**•••*•**»****•••*******•
S. T. WALLACE'S
CASH GROCERY STORE
We also carry a full Ha* of rural
ture.  on easy payment*,    at   price-
that  cannot  be duplicated.     Kindl
Insi>ect our stock.
Car WiitMiaittr Ave Ml tterrtt Ilritt
VANCOUVER, B. C.
C  PETERS  *-*miim.
llanrl-Maile Hants and Shoe* lo t-i-d>r I*
•11 Uric*.   Mrt-atltn* preen-stly and aeal-
ly done.     Stuck  or eSaple  re*djr-*s*le
Shoe* alweys on baud.
MM
LEE a MORGAN
Telephone 2301.
Sanitary Experts.    Plumbing in   *n
Its branches.       Estimate* furnlshixi
llepairs, atovo connection*, etc.
CHARGES REASONABLE
Ml WCtTMIMTER AVE., Caratral ft*
BRIDSON'S BAKERY
•**?•« Stmt, CaaaY BfW
TRY OUR BREAD,  CAKES, ETC
HER LADYSHIP'S KITCHEN
The Kitchen Ih the housewife's pride. She demands that It he
up to-date. This mcann that It nitwit be equipped with Oas and
(Ins appliances. r'
Kitchen drudgery is changed to pleasurable work If Oas Ftrol
is available In*toad uf conl or wood.
The lime saved by tho use of gnu, nnahles the housewife to
have Nome recreation. The lighter meals can be pre|>ared IN
l.KSS  THAN  Id MINUTFS   by the i/ns method.
Call and make empilricH or drop uh a card and our roprewsntn-
tivo will call  nt   your residence.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
a—
»«**»-
UIIIU*■|'*ll'^^^""-'^l|l"^
;i;^,aa&**i». .Ln i. mm ii, ii. insi'iir' m w->
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