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The Western Clarion May 13, 1906

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Array THE  WESTERN  CLA
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
thi» i»     Q79
husks       sjlats
VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,    MAY 12,  1906.
Subscription Price
Pas Ysua
Sl.00
UP IN THE OKANAGAN COUNTRY
|Atfl Red-Hanoi. Criminals Lost Respect for the Law They
,       Get Thirty Oayi tor Meditation and Reflection
in Royal Institution at Kamloops.
Penticton. May. "th, 1906.
Editor Clarion.
Owing t« the wide Interest taken In
the ease following the expulsion of ten
Cbtnamen from this place on th* 21st
.,f March last- which resulted In four
Socialist! being Incarcerated In the
provincial gaol at Kamloops for thirty
days, H has been deemed best by some
member* of Penticton I«ocal that a
correct nc count of the affair should lie
furnished th* <'larlon, as many of the
report* appearing in local paper* have
bees colored by the exigencies of old
party i*.]ttl<tans In whose lnl.*re*tu
Hi. y ure puhllshed.
Tin- fads art- a* follow*:
i in the 19th of March last ten Chinamen came here on the 8tr. Aberdeen
under contract to clear land for the
Southern okanagan Land Company,
the managing directors of which are
W T and 1.. W. Shatford, thc latter
being the member In the provincial legislature  for the  8lmlik.im--.-n  riding.
While there had been a number of
Chinamen In the town for aome time
before, they were mainly engaged In
laundry work or as cooks arid dish-
washer* In the hot**]*, and their presence •'-. not regarded ns a great meri-
ici to Uur white workers. The outdoor work on the land was still almost
entirely (|..ne by white men. a number
of wh'.rn had taken contract* at various limes for the clearing nf wooded
lots. Although few who thus contrasted wit" able In spite of their best effort! I ■ . l.-.ir even the going wage* of
i tUt per day. It was still costing the
!..-! Company too much to clear Und
| according to the views of the manag-
tig directors, who were only getting
from 1100 to t200 per acre for the land
In question, snd where three or four
I res oat of ten might cost 175 to tlW
in sere to <|ear with white labor, the
niacin of *,,<>ftt wss not Urge enough
lo suit them, even though 75 per cent
task, who returned with an answer
that wa* equivalent to a refusal to let
thu Chinese go.
The bci rotary urn] book-keeper of the
Lund ..'ompany. who wt.re -.regent
made Statement* to tho effect that
sufficient white man were not obtainable to do the work, and that whenever possible white men were employed. These statement* were no sooner
made than they wen- denied by a half-
dozen men in different parts of the
room who had applied for work within
a period »f two weeks prior to the date
of the meet In*-, ;1„,) |,ail been refused.
At ihls Juncture, when it became evident thai there was no hope of getting
the company to accede to their wlahes,
the men determined to go In a body
to the Chinees quarters and request
the Asiatics to leave. A mob of between 25 and 40 went quietly down to
where the Chinamen were sleeping In
an old granary on the Kills place,
about a mile from town, and, waking
them up told them to dre«». after whl-.-h
they escorted them down to the boat,
whli h  was lying at the wharf.
The Cblnaae lacked money lo pay
their fares, and ihe captain of the
Aberdeen      refused    to    allow    them
aboard  without tickets, so a collection j In the greatest and noblest struggle a
was   lak.n   up   and   ten
purchased  to    Kelowna.
"lays aa guests of King Bdward, rather
than  satUfy  the    cheap    labor profit
sharks,  were   James W. Edmonds, J
EC, Mitchell, D. F. Gladden and George
'•'. Winkler, all true-blue Socialists.
A* they left the court-room on their
way to the lock-up three rousing
cheers were given by the large crowd
assembled about the door, and during
the time of their Imprisonment In Penticton awaiting their departure to
Kamloops, all manner of kindnesses
were shown them by the people of the
town. Within a few hours of their
conviction sufficient money was raised
by popular subscription to pay the
lawyer defending them and their return fares from Kamloops—In all
nearly  $130.
Regarding the prisoners It might be
Interesting to note that James W. Ed-
mond* was at one time a British regular, belonging to the .Sixteenth Lancer*. He has seen service ln India
and Africa, haa medal* for the Chlt-
ral and Tlrah campaigns In 1896 and
1RS7 respectively. Promoted to the
rank of Quarter-Master Sergeant, he
served In Africa during the whole time
Of the Hoer war, and has the Queen's
and King's medals for same. In addition he I* the possessor of no less
than nine clasp* J. H. Mitchell saw
service at the time of the Reil rebellion, being a member of B Battalion,
itoyal Canadian Artillery. D. *F. Gladden was also a soldier, havincTbelonged
io Battery O, Itoyal Horse Artillery.
Geo. E. Winkler is a real estate broker
of Penticton.
The three who have been in military
life In different portion* of the empire
have laid aside for ever the Instruments
of  destruction,  and  are now engaged
leaders" of the demonstration. Particularly entertaining have been the
gymnastic contortions of Shatford*
minion at Hedley who edits the Gazette
in his frantic attempts to save the
precious political hide of his lord and
master. The crocodile tears he shed
over the motherless tots ln Phoenix
caused by the expulsion of the Chinese
from that place some years ago,
brought him to the front in a new
role—but he is a star of the first mag.
nltude ln any kind of a farce.
Another production worth noting,
becauae lt is luminous with the genius
of the great mind that guides the destinies of the Southern Okanagan Land
Company, Is one that appeared In var-
loua publications pretending to tell the
dear people how it all happened. Briefly condensed the whole trouble, according to his story, was set on foot
by a professional agitator, "renowned
for vile, ingratiating, quiet and secret
prevarication," who, in the opinion of
the managing director, has so suffered
by the exposure following the fracas
that he "will have to practise his arts
for some time ln order to attain his
previous standing in the community."
This agitator, by the way, was capable of misleading some 35 or 40 men,
whom the managing director magnanimously forgives because the position
of the company was misrepresented"
to them. It ls best to withhold further
quotations from this epistle lest people
should think that anyone at all is
capable of acting as managing director of a land company.
Taken all in all the Shatford? are
the best Socialist makers In Southern
B. C.    If we could ship them around
THE MOV EM ENT IN OLD BY-TOWN
Through Lack ot Manufacturing and Commercial Importance the
Oominion Capital Does Not Furnish Recruits for tho
Army of tho Revolutionary Proletariat
tickets were
40 mites up
Okanagan I,oke. During the delay In
getting the Chinamen on the  boat, W.
T. Shatford appeared on the ncene, nnd jdel of king capital.
attempted   to   dissuade  ihe  tnen  from
lheir  puriHts.',  but  when  he  found his
efforts were unavailing he lost his temper and acted like a  spoiled clillg,
When the Chinamen were safely on
board a guard of ten men remained to
see that no attempt was made to take
them off before the boat left in the
morning. The whole demonstration was
conducted In a most orderly manner.
and no rowdyism was in evidence from
start to finish
to a few backward points and guaran-
soldier ever took part in. a war that is* tee them a ,ul1 *wlng for a "hon time'
world  wide and that will never cease
until  a  triumphant  proletariat   plants
It* victorious banners on the last clta-
Naturally the comment has caused
considerable comment In the Slmilka-
meen andOkanagan papers, and some
amusing    versions    and    explanations
have   been   published    to    expose  the jthe little capitalists
depth of vlllany of the suppoaed "ring! GEORGE E. WINKLER.
the movement would show a most remarkable growth ln such places.
The principal value of the affair from
a Socialist stand point Is the Influence
it has had in awaking the workingmen
of the district to a state of greater
class-consciousness by exposing the
true character of their supposed friends,
:
«.f their land required no clearing, be-;    The  local   constable  was  present  at
Ing bench and meadow land. Simmer
ed .!..w!) lt meant that three or four
hundred dollars must be apent on every
fourth lot In order to give It a selling
value of *«y flUi an sere, which would
. qua! . redaction of about six to seven
p<-r cent in the total amount realised
from the sale of the land. It can readily be seen how difficult It would be
for the poor company to pull even un-
the granary and at the wharf, issuing
sundry warning* and taking the name*
of those  participating  In  the affair.
Robbed of their Mongolian p*ta the
BhatfoTd* were like n couple of old
hens who have lost their broods of
chickens, and hurry-up culls were sent
to all the policemen within reach. The
majesty of the law was to be Invoked
to  teach   Ignorant   workingmen   not  to
der such a handicap, especially If the tneddlS with the Juicy profits that llow
1 l* (") price put upon the land ahould ! •„,„ *ho coffers of the little capitalist*
be taken  Int.,  consideration. j from    exploitation    Of  Asiatic  coolies.
Incidentally  It  might    be mentioned J F-rl,t t0 arrive on the scene was V. K.
that    ihe    Southern   nksnngan    1,-ind   Mussey.   Superintendent   of   Provincial
Company paid shout ir-oo.wo for the
Kill* estate, containing 30,000 acres, of
.■hl'h In the neighborhood of 10.000
acre-,  ll.-s  north   of  Dog   Lake.     After
Police, then followed Constable 81m-
monds of Vernon, and Constable Rose
of Kelowna. Numerous consultation*
were  held  In  the  Land  Company's of-
THE CENSORSHIP OF THE PRESS
[allowing for waste and mountain range j f*,,,. |iri(* lt became evident that some-
, land, -.his northern portion of the *bV| thing of mighty portent  was pending.
tali, eontalnlng one-third  of  Us  total ; piRBl!y the blow fell.    Warrants were
lares, "III sell at an average price of . issued for the arrest of six men—FOITI
|li« per acre  (tht*  Includes  the  Pen-: 0F  WHOM   WKIUC  SOCIALISTS, on
tlcb.n  town«lte).    Ten  thousand Acres jtri0 charge of intimidating ten Chlna-
nt tlOO an acre will bring I1.0tto.ooo, and i me,,.    The accused  were  put    In  the
the company will still hsve 20.000 acres \ ioca\   |„f k-up.   from  which   they   were
10 (lisp..** of. j *a*er released on  ball,  pending  trial.
When the ten Chinamen arrived snd I The Informations were laid by F.
announced that they were to be follow-) Billings, of Vernon, solicitor for the
*'l by It more, the white workingmen i Southern Okanagan Land Company,
naturally felt aggrieved to think that | and the case  was tried before  Magls
their  small  capitalist   friend*   rcspon-
"Ible for the management of the Bouth-
trate*  Townley.  Parker,   Webster  and
Wade.   Early in tha course of the trial
i rn Okat,a„-an Land Company's affair* it became evident that thc maglsirates
should show so little regard for their j Intended to convict tho accused. An
feelings ns tn pass them up like white ■ Incident occurred before tho first wlt-
chlp* in n |M>kcr game In favor of a j no** had finished bit evidence which
•"inch of Almond-eyed Celcstlnls from ; threw a sudden Mood of light on the
the Flowery Kingdom, when the ques- I situation. This w.is during the cross-
ti"ti was simply one of profit*, and so! examination    of     Constable    Nesbttt.
they proceeded to hold a mooting at
lhe li C. Hotel on tho evening of March
list. In order that they might air their
grievance*.
The charge has been freely made try
tl"- Shatfords and other* that thc agitation against the Chinese was foment-
' l by the Socialiat* (whum they have
been fighting bitterly) for the purpose
when the counsel for tho defence asked a number of questions allotting an-
lw*rs that amused both the prisoners
ami thc largo crowd In the court-room.
Thereupon A H. Wade, the presiding
magistrate, became exceedingly wroth
and called for order, lie assured those
present that thoy wore not at an entertainment,  that  tho  business  before
■ making trouble for the 8. ti. Land   them  was of a serious character, and
'"pany.   This ls untrue.    The meet-1 that tho prisoners would discover the
Ing-plac* was arranged for by two
Liberals, and thc gathering was largely advertised by three Conservative*
Out of the 75 to 100 men who attended tho meeting, not over eight or ten
were Socialists. It I* true thnt a Socialist occupied tho chair, though not on
account of his political views. None
recognise more clearly than the Social-
'Ms the almost utter futility of such
•"Hminages in the labor market between different classes ot comfnoditles,
especially while the police, the courts
•••id the mllltla are at the beck and
call of the capitalists, big and little,
we see plainly that nothing but the
moat temporary relief can come to the
white working men from even the most
Weoaaafui of these attempts to keep
"'>i a low class of labor, which Invariably cuts wages and lowers the sjtand-
Md of living for tho white worker.
Nothing will permanently better the
laborer's, condition until he gets the
l-ollllcal horse sense to use hla ballot
■or his own class, and thus gain possession of the powers of government.
Tie Socialists wish to be considered n*
'l(,»lng in the capacity ot oltlaens, with
members of olher parties, for the purpose of devising a remedy (even
'hough temporary) for what waa rec-
"Knlsed as a common evil—a aocial and
industrial menace to the beat Interests
°' the district.
A resolution was passed at the meet-
"»g that a delegate be sent to W. T.
Mhutford asking him to dismiss the
•-hlnamen ln his employ, and also extending him an Invitation to attend tho
fathering and express his vlows. A
'••'lunteer was found to undertake this
fact  before  they   wore    through  with
the ea*e.
B, H. Webster, one of the other magistrates, objected lo tho length of thc
cross-oxumlnatioti of the principal witnesses on the ground that too much
time was being consumed, so he evidently did not think the case as serious a one ns did the magistrate presiding, or possibly he considered the
bringing out of the facta relative to
tho matter altogether superfiuoua-a
view point that the prisoners about
this time began to think might have
Its advantages, so far as the magistrates wore concerned.
At the conclusion of taking the evidence the magistrates retired for a
short time in which to arrive at a verdict. Just before returning to the
court-room with thoir decision It was
noticed that F. Hillings, the prosecuting attorney, w*J cnlled in to consult
with thorn for a few minute*. Whether
tho vorillct was submitted to him for
approval or not It l* Of course Impossible to say, but those who noticed
■the little by-play certainly had a llfe-
.slse guess coming to them.
, The verdict, when given, found five
of the prisoners guilty, the sixth being
discharged for lack of evidence. The
penalty was a fine of 1*5 or thirty days
in gftol, ond in order to encourage the
prisoners to pay their lines a week was
allowed them In Whtch to raise the
money. Only one of the five convicted
paid the fine, the rest deciding, as a
protest, to go to gaol, although money
was freely offered from various quarters to pay their linos If they so desired.
Those who    elected   to servo thirty
Toleration of opinion and thc freedom to express the same were won
in Britain after a long, hard struggle.
They Were won by the power of the
rising middle cluss, and opposed step
by step and Inch by Inch by the then
ruling class, the landlord*. The landed class and the middle or trading
class have now for many years been
one, the modern capitalist class. Like
the landlords of the days gone by, the
money lords of to-day object strongly
10 tbe expression of opinions contrary
t.. their Interests. The advocates of
free thought know only too -ssaU the
mean* by which the ruling class seeks
to bolster upon the waning authority
of Its ally, the church. The Socialist
agitator Is frowned upon by the powers that be, and so much trouble and
annoyance placed ln his path as possible without al..o annoying the missionaries of capitalism, who use similar methods in their advocacy of capitalist nostrums. The exclusion from
the malls of the "Appeal to Reason"
Is ono of the latest proofs that the
foregoing Is true. Toleration of opinions adverse to the interests of the
tullng class will utterly disappear
when that cliuw finds Itself face to
face with an aroused working class,
but the stop taken by the postmaster
general Is a little ahead of the time,
which is proved by tho chiding he Is
receiving from the "Free Press" and
Tribune," but It Is a step that ha*
lurprised no Socialist. We look for
worse than that before the end of
capita Ham.
Grandiloquent praise of Canada
und everything Canadian was the sum
and substance of an address given by
Rev. John McNeill to the two hundred
of "our best mon" and "prominent
cltiiens" present the other day al the
Canadian Club luncheon. Tis true he
lightly touched upon the corruption
seething In political life, but it was
vory lightly, as became a gentleman
addressing other gentlemen all busy-
In ignoring everything of the sort.
Everything i« Of the best and for the
best in Canada and will continue so
lo be aa long as the reverend gentleman continues to draw a fat salary
for handing out platitudes pleasing to
his masters. How could the poor
dear man receive a call frof the Lord
to a higher salary If he did not please
his paymasters?
Mr. McfNelll stated that he believed
in the fullest power being In the
hands of the people. He aald: "I
believe In the voice of the common
people, their sanity, their opinion, especially when unbiased by the gold of
corruptlonlsts or the flatteries of the
demagogues. A demagogue literally
moans a loader of the people, but the
ruling class make the word mean one
who from turbulent motives seeks to
lead people against their rulers. As
long ns the people have "leaders" that
will lend them to support the church
and the capitalist system, they havo
ull the loaders they want and welcome, but as soon as a leader seeks to
had the people against their rulers
he Immediately becomes a demagogue
with evil motives. It is fashionable
and respectable to talk democracy,
but It Is not fashionable nor respectable to denounce an undemocratic act
when performed by the powers that
be, which accounts for the reverend
speaker omitting to touch upon even
ever so lightly, that act of high-handed bureaucracy, tho suppression of tho
"Appeal to Reaaon." The opinion of
the  common   people was  not  usked,
but It Is to be hoped thoir voice will
be heard in the matter even If the
chorus is led by a "demagogue."
• •    *
"The greater the truth the greater
the libel" ls a woll known maxim, self-
explanatory and generally accepted.
The Hon. A. B. Aylesworth, however,
has given us grounds to believe that
"the greater the truth the greater the
scurrility," and we are Indebted to
him for a new application of the old
truth. Mr. Aylesworth is an "honorable" man, so was Brutus. Brutus
n tabbed a man and Mr. Aylesworth
I.as emleavoreJ to stab a cause in the
same honorable manner as Brutus
stabbed Caesar. Caesar fell dead, but
not so the Socialist cause, It will out-
l,ve Mr. Aylesworth and the rest ol
the "honoruble" brood at Ottawa.
• •    •
The "Appeal" is "indecent, immoral, seditious, disloyal ond scurrilous."
Mr. Aylesworth says so, and that
ought to end it. Thos pesky demagogues will not have it so and are making a disturbance. It is altogether
likely that Mr. Aylesworth, or rather
the power behind that "honorable
gentleman," will have to rescind the
ukase which prevents a large number
of people from obtaining thut for
which they have paid.
• *    •
Many advocates of municipal ownership claim that tt would prevent
strikes, lt was freely stated during
tho lute strike in this city that there
would have been no strike if the city
had boon running the cars. Why this
should be so has not been made clear.
If tho city wore to own the street railway It would run the railway for profit. Just as do the present owners.
There may be many municipality owned street railways on which there has
never been u strike, so are there many
privately owned street railways on
which there has never been a strike.
• •    *
In Newcastle, England, the municipality owns the street railway and It
is operated by a Tramway Committee
of the Town Council. In November
last year the mayor decided that the
expenses were &0 cents per mile In excess of other places similarly situated.
This meant that the Tramway Committee were spending $90,000 per annum
more than It considered necessary. Accordingly tbe service was reduced and
more than 600 of the 1.500 employees
discharged. Even then it was considered that there were 48 slaves too
many, but Instead of discharging these
the manager proposed to reduce the
number of working days per fortnight
during the winter from twelve t6
eleven. Thia meant a reduction of 60
cents on the weekly wage already
small enough. A atrlke ensued. The
town council made a bluff at running
the cars, Just like our very own Mac-
kensle & Mann, with about the same
amount of success. A compromise was
effected and the men went back to
work. The account does not say what
became of the 500 which a paternal
municipality turned loose at the beginning of the winter. Hurrah for municipal ownership!
SPARTACUS.
The Doukhobors of the North-Wost
are said to be again marching out of
their settlements in quest of the Messiah. This sort of a hunt ls not unlawful, but as the hunters are clothed with
nothing but righteousness, it ls alleged to be spectacular ln the extreme.
The Socialist movement In Ottawa,
or old "By-Town," as lt used to be
called, is not particularly advanced
for, no doubt, very good reasons. In
fact, "By-Town" ls an appropriate
name for the place, for lt is neither a
manufacturing nor distributing centre
in any sense of the word, except that
It Is the chief point in the Dominion
from which the political loaves and
fishes are distributed to the faithful ln
return for services rendered to the
powers that be in maintaining their
grip upon the machinery of government, the only means whereby they
oould maintain thslr mastery over the
economic life of the Dominion. As
such a distributing centre, naturally
numerous ones have been gathered
who find themselves so circumstanced
that they dare not say their souls are
their own, and a much larger number
who have none at all.
City "boosters" claim for Ottawa a
population of 75,000, which, If the truth
were known, would probably shrink
to about 55,000t Even this Is not warranted by any manufacturing or commercial importance attached to the
place. The city probably haa a larger
percentage of middle-class, or small
property owners than any other place
of its size on the continent. Most of
the civil servants own homes. There
being no large industrial population,
there has never been any great unemployed problem to vex its inhabitants,
as Is so often the case in the great centres of industrial and commercial activity. Such enterprises are are carried
on there are in the hands of individual
capitalists, or small concerns, and
when the wage-earner loses his job
with one he stands a fair show of obtaining employment with another,
without being forced to the necessity
of seeking new pastures further afield.
As there is little to necessitate workers leaving the city in order to obtain
employment, there Is also little to call
workers to the spot with the expectation of obtaining it. The working people of Ottawa are, tn consequence, less
permeated with the spirit of unrest and
discontent than in such places as Toronto. Montreal, Winnipeg, Phoenix,
Hossland and Vancouver, where capitalist development is further advanced,
and the economic pressure upon the
wage-slave is. in consequence, greater,
In such places the individual capitalist
and small concern have given way to
the larger and more powerful stock
company or corporation, and the wage-
earner finds himself so completely up
against the real thing that unrest and
discontent find ready and permanent
abiding place within him. If he gets
too noisy about It. and more especially
If he becomes politically dangerous, he
is quite apt to lose his Job, and be
compelled to "move on" with uninterrupted frequency.
But just to the extent that manufacturing and commercial activity has developed at Ottawa, and to the extent
it has transformed private property Into capitalist property, as has always
been the case at similar stages of development elsewhere, the discontent
among the workers has expressed itself in those commodity owners combinations called trade unions. That
this discontent has not yet been forced
to the point where lt ls at all dangerous may be seen by the fact that the
Ottawa parsons and petty politicians,
with the assistance of a few skates
like Draper, Mackenxie King, Patterson, etc., have no trouble ln keeping
it under control nnd having a good fat
time ln the doing of it. Not only do
they have no difficulty in keeping this
exceedingly mild form of discontent
under control, but whenever there
comes a struggle between two conflicting factions of captlallsta, over aome
privilege or other from the city, they
have no trouble ln throwing It ln the
interest of the more deserving faction.
The merit of the case ie of course determined by the rigid, moral and ethical code invariably followed tn such
cases throughout all Christendom. It
Is. therefore, unnecessary to be more
explicit, as every one Is familiar with
this code. eRher from actual experience or common report.
There may be manual laborers ln
Ottawa who have felt the economic
pressure of capitalism sufficient to develop within them the revolutionary
spirit, or at any rate bring them Into
sympathy with the revolutionary
movement of their class. If so I was
not fortunate enough to find them, although during my rather short aojourn
In the city I searched diligently for
such material. I found one who was
rather inclined towards the movement,
but his sympathy was not noticeable
ln very large chunks. He was a machinist, and. therefore, among the better
paid portion of the manual workers
who, particularly in a place like Ottawa,
have not as yet experienced the uncertainty of employment and depths
of degradation to which an over-stocked labor market can drive its victims.
Having worked In the lumber woods
and mining camps most of my life, I
know of tho "Intellectuals" ln the Socialist movement principally from reading of them. I have heard an occasional one on the platform. In Ottawa
the only Socialists I met were "Intellectuals," with the exception of the
machinist above referred to, and he
was no doubt as much of an intellectual as any of them. The others were
not manual laborers, but were either
scientific men or person* holding high
clerical positions. With two exceptions I found them, like the machinist.
full of bourgeois notions and ideaa. The
economic pressure has not yet been
sufficient to force them to understand
the position of the working class. Tbe
two exceptions noted have raised themselves above their environment by
wading Into and carefully studying
economics from the working-class
standpoint.
Already the smaller property owners
of Ottawa are beginning to feel the encroachments of the bigger fellows.
Some of them are becoming slngle-taa-
ers, others are howling for municipal
ownership. Some are confounding thla
municipal and government ownership
with Socialism. The gist of their howl
Is summed up in the remark one of
them made to me that "living had gone
up 50 per cent, during the last year."
The bigger capitalists want to supply
the city with electric light and streetcar service so they can turn an honest
penny ln the way of profit out of these
undertakings. The little fellows want
the city to do these things itself for the
purpose of reducing their taxes and
enhancing the value of their petty
holdings. Those who call themselves
Socialists are so poorly grounded and
so uninformed as to take sides In the
fight, fancying that the municipal
ownership the small propertied class
has in view ls Socialism. Presumably
many well meaning persons can only
be taught by bitter experience that
municipal and government ownership
are really nothing but municipal and
state capitalism, and that under them
the statuts of the wage-slave has not
been altered nor the power of the ruling class to exploit him lessened. While
these may be necessary steps In the
complete development of capitalism,
they are steps that should be left for
the capitalist to take unassisted by the
proletariat. The latter should conserve
their means and expend their energies
for the final overthrow of the rule of
capitalist property that ls baaed upon
their enslavement and exploitation. I
Any attitude that does not make for
the overthrow of the wage system is a
compromise with the enemy, and should
be frowned down. The propaganda for
a class-conscious movement ot the
workers of Ottawa has yet to be made.
As matters now stand, the work will
fall upon the shoulders of the two comrades already referred to, with perhaps
the assistance of two others whom I
did not meet, as they were temporarily
out of the city, and whom I sincerely
hope have advanced in their studies beyond the stage of municipal capitalism.
C.  M.   O'BRIEN.
Campbellford, Ont., April 24th, 1906.
I know full well that we cannot measure the coming revolution by the
standard? of the past, nor can we say
that It ie coming this way or that way.
but there is one lesson that we learn
from a study of the revolutions which
have occurred previous to this time.
That lesson is this: That a revolutionary body must get hold of political
power as an Instrument, or else, as
Gronlund remarks, they will get in
collision with it as an obstacle. The
revolutionists in America in 1776 took
charge of the government—the clash
of arms came afterwards; the revolutionists in France in 1879 captured,
peaceably? the political power—the clash
of arms came afterwards; the revolutionists ln America in 186U captured
the political power—the clash of arm*
came afterwards. History would doubtless have had a different story to tell
If the revolutionists in these instancea
had undertaken to overthrow the old
order before first fortifying their position by political power.
It follows then that our work is
plain: We must capture the political
power ot the United States Government and use it to clinch the revolution of the working clasa!—F. D. Warren, ln Appeal to Reason.
Upton Sinclair's book, "The Jungle,"
that paints in vivid colors some of the
Iniquities practiced upon Ita wage-
slaves by capitalist property as typified by the great meat-packing establishments of Chicago, hus been discovered to be Immoral. This startling discovery was made by the directors of the Chicago Public Library.
Immediately upon the discovery the
book was placed upon the "Index
oxpurgatorius." When a Chicago
comrade, afflicted with a thirst for
salacious reading, hied hlmaelf to the
Library for the purpose of tickling
his mental palate with the racy Immorality of this particular book, th*
anticipated pleasure was denied him.
The nearest approach to immoral
reading that the Library officials
would grant him was such staid and
prudish works as Alphonse Daudet'a
"Artists' Wives," Bocacclo's "Decameron," and a few other such stale
and puritanical productions, fit only
for the austere mental palate of a
Scotch Presbyterian church deacon.
The directors of Chicago's Public
Library are entitled to front rank
among the wet-nurses of bourgeois
morality. In ferreting out immoral
literature their discrimination ls
unique. It is of that brand that might
easily mistake a soiled diaper for a
freshly luundrled pocket-handkerchief.
A comrade at Olalla, B. C, writes:
"Enclosed find tl for another year's
medicine. Cannot get along without
it. I find it a great tonic for the present struggle."
C
<     1
m
•%
-
% TWO
THE
WESTERN OLABtbN, VANCOUVER,   BBITI8H_C0LU1B^
BATURDAY May   Jjth,
1901
Il» Western Clarion
Ism, but which haa for Ita object the
subversion of existing law and order,
and ultimately manifests Itself by the
flaming torch and red flag of anar-
Existlng  "law    and    order"   ls
i chy."
■	
I \
y ••
'""ll
yy
m
&•■&>
Published every  Saturday In
latareat* of th* working class clone"
at th* OfBce of the Weatern Clarion,
riaek Block basement, 165 Hastings
Street, "Vaacouvar, B. C.
SUBSCRIPTION:  tl-00 PER ANNUM
Strlctly la Advaace.
Yearly aubacriptloa cards la lota
of Uv* or more, 75 cent* ench.
Advertising rate* oa application.
If yon receive thla paper, it Is paid
tor.
Address all communication* to
The WESTERN CLARION
Boa 836,
Vancouver. B. C.
•ly the rule of captlallst property.
373
Watch thla lsj*l oa your paper. Ii this number 1* on lt,
your aubacriptloa expire* tha
aezt Issue.
OF NO CONCERN.
It seems rather startling that right
upon the heels of his declared intention to go after the man with the "muck
rake," Roosevelt, of presidential fame,
should be caught in the very act of
wielding the rake himself, or at least
causing it to be wielded on his behalf.
That such ls the case, however, seems
to be the tact If credence ls to be placed ln newspaper reports. It appears
that a certain Mr. Garfield, in obedience  to  Roosevelt's order, has been
industriously  plying  the  "rake'1  upon] tender flesh of childhood
the "muck heap" ot the Standard Oil ^^^^
Company, and as a result has brought
choice    specimens    in  the
illegal"
forth aome       	
shape of "rebates" and other
and -unfair" competitive practices that
have been used with telling effect by
tbe "Standard" ln doing up ita adversaries In the delightful capitalist game'
of "dog eat dog."    The overwhelming
odor that assailed ihe delicate and refined moral olfactories of   New York's
virtuous upper   crust, because of the
unconventional   matrimonial   arrangements of our comrades Gorky, waa as
an Arabian perfume compared to the
horrible stench that afflicts the nostrils
of the cockroach capitalist hog  when
his more lusty brother resorts to "unfair" means to obtain the larger trough
and a greater quantity of swill to fill
it.   The test of fairness or unfairness,
of course, lies wholly in the success or
failure  of  the hog  trough enterprise,
from the cockroach standpoint.   Could
the cockroach succeed In becoming a
capitalist mastadon the methods used
would of necessity bear the hall-mark
of fairness,    if,  perchance, the cockroach ls fated to remain a cockroach,
and perhaps a dead one at that, lt ls
plain to be seen that the competition
has been most "unfair."
Now  that Roosevelt   has    used the
"muck rake" and brought forth some
rank  specimens    of  "unfairness,"   for
which, aa the sensational press gleefully puts it, the Standard ls to be grilled,
what is all the fuss about anyway? Is
the president    or any of   his    fellow
"muck rakers" actuated by any consideration   tor   the    exploited    wage-
slaves of either the successful "Standard" gang or .their defeated adversaries?   As no mention is made of   the
part the workers may have played ln
tbe game, and no tender solicitude has
been expressed   in   their   behalf, the
conclusion ia Inevitable that either tbey
cut no Ice In the matter at all, or auch
wronga aa they may have suffered In
consettjence of the brutal struggle is
ot   no concern   to these eminently respectable "muck rakers" ot high degree.
The truth of tbe matter la that all
of thla racket kicked up againat the
"Standard" and auch huge aggregation* of capital, I* done in behalf of
their defeated antagonists in the brutal
and conscienceless scrimmage over the
division of the plunder wrung from enslaved labor.
To tbe capitalists, both large and
small, the comfort and well-being of
the workers ls of no concern. The Interest ot both Ilea ln the direction of
merely holding the working class ln
submission to their exploitation.
The cat and dog fights engaged ln by
capitalists over the division of the
plunder taken from them ls likewise of
no concern to the working class. The
only thing that need concern the work-
era la to get the whole caboodle, both
large and small, off their backs.
men  ^^	
| Even the most cursory inspection of it
will show lt so replete with virtue and
loveliness as to    inspire the    best efforts of   every lover of the good,  the
true and the beautiful, to preserve lt
intact  in  all  Its    purity.    It has,  by
virtue of    itB  fundamental  basis—the
enslavement and exploitation of labor-
divided human society into two warring factions—masters and slaves—between whom even under the most favorable  circumstances,  there can  exist
nothing better than a truce liable to
be broken at any moment.   Under its
beneficent  sway  thc    earth    resounds
with the tramp of   armed men.    The
bayonet of the soldier and the policeman's club are In constant use to keep
even a semblance of order in the ranks
of the slaves driven desperate by the
brutal exactions of their economic lords
and masters.   Jails, penitentiaries and
work houses are filled to overflowing
with   the  recalcitrant    victims of  its
brutal rule, and  the wretched human
flotsam  and  Jetsam  that flows  ln  an
ever  widening end  deepening  stream
from  the reckless    and   unscrupulous
operation of Its profit-grinding industrial shambles.   Whether in the ranks
of those struggling for pelf and power
in the field of commerce and finance,
or among .those who struggle for existence ln the loathosome vortex of the
slave  market,  men    are    turned  into
of I ravening beasts, lost    to  all  sense of
honor and decency, each man's hand
raised against his neighbor and ready
to drive  the  knife to his  heart.    By
the same    token   the very pick and
flower  of  womankind    is    driven    In
shoals Into that cesspool of perdition
known  as  the social . evil,  while the
v~——-aa^aaass.^—^_^_     ,8 remorselessly ground Into the sickening swill
of profit  that  can  alone    relieve  the
parched gullet of capital, the "patron
saint of modern civilisation."
Dear old "existing law and order'
a "peach" that ought to be preserved
at all cost.   Out upon the "spirit" that
Among   the   other
 Q_    . saw was the "red
flag of anarchy." As the "red flag" is
the flag of Socialism, which is the very
opposite of anarchy, this peculiar kink
in the mayor's vision is quite startling.
It ls asserted that Vancouver booze, it
too copiously and persistently applied,
will cause the patient to see numerous
things not otherwise visible. It would
seem that Croton water is capable of
producing an even more startling effect, ln fact one that is equivalent to
enabling a man to look down the back
of his own neck. Perhaps were the
mayor to abstain he wouldn't see these
awful things any more.
seed has not only been planted, but
has taken firm root. Just how It has
been so widely scattered, or why Canadian soil should be peculiarly suitable to Its germination need not concern us now.
Each Individual locality that has, of
Its own Initiative, become as It were a
hotbed or centre of  Socialist activity,
ls entitled to much credit.   But there
ls something beyond this that is absolutely necessary in order to weld the
scattered units together into an effective fighting organisation, and that ls
to send speakers and organisers over
the entire  field,   for    the    purpose of
bringing   the   Locals    to  realise  that
they are a part of the world-wide proletarian army of emancipation; to give
strength and added seal to the weaker ones; to pull together the warriors
ln unorganised places   and   add new
Locals to the list and to gain new recruits to the cause.   Calls are coming
in  to  the  Executive    Committees  for
speakers and organisers to be sent to
various places.   These calls are urgent
and must be responded to ln the near
future.   They cannot be Ignored If we
are to get ourselves In shape to do affective work at the next elections.
The reader of these lines la requested
to stop right here and ask himself what
he has done In response to the call Issued by the Dominion and Provincial
Executives for funds to carry out tbe
work referred to above " — *■■
"tyranny of organised labor," that has
been so persistently and eloquently
pointed out by the Los Angeles Time*,
must be broken or ero long It will be
utterly Impossible for tho overworked
employers to earn enough by their
"thrift, Industry und abstinence" to
satisfy the unscrupulous demands of
their greedy and conscienceless employees.
PLATFORM
CKftRKEW OP THE WORLD UWTC"
The exposure of the filthy practices
of the Chicago meat packers In killing
diseased animals and selling tho meat
to the  guileless consumer, Is of   twofold  value  to the resident  of    British
Columbia.   It not only throws valuable
light upon  methods    followed  by   unprincipled  capitalists of    other countries when in pursuit of the toothsome
profits, but while reading ii he happily
forgets  about   the  hog    cholera  pork
and   tuberculosis   beef   obtained   from
his local butcher, and upon which he
hns perhaps just  satisfactorily  dined.
In fact there Is nothing more unspeakably   vile   In    the  Chicago  disclosures
relating to the meat Industry than In
those made upon the floor ot the provincial house during the recent session
In regard to the largest meat concern
In Western Canada, a full account of
which  waa published  ln  the  Western
Clarion  of    March  17th,  but  was ao*
even mentioned by any other paper In
Canada so far aa we know.
I
g*j**-H-"TV I.slxir Union In Ihe pro-rim.- |„ ,.
viled to place a card under thia head. |i u, ,„,
month.     Secretaries vlesae not*
Phoenix Miner*' Union, No. 1
VV. 1'. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Minrri'
hall. V. Ingram, president, \\ \
Pickard, aecretarv
r, Kdward Illnl.    A. O. Brydon-Jack
Qeo. K. McCrossan.
•IM), MYOON-JftK A McCROSSAN
tukititrrgiut, aoi.U'iTOKH, mi.
is
.»• .  This call will
be found upon another page, along with
acknowledgment of    the sums received to date.   Every reader of theae
lines who  is at  all  Interested  ln  the
movement knows full well the neces-1
slty of using every means within reach
for the purpose of spreading the propaganda and furthering the organisation.
Every one knows that thla work cannot   be    done   without   funds.     Tbe
chances are good that many are even
now grumbling becauae theae committees do not more energetically push the
work along.   To all such and to those
who are merely  thoughtless in reference    to    these    things,
Clarion suggests that
cepted time  to get
would subvert it.
things   the mayor
THE ACCEPTED TIME.
UE SAW THINGS.
Mayor MoClellan, of New Tork,
speaking at a dinner given at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel on the night of
Jefferson's birthday, declared that he
saw "a spirit of disorder and lawlessness sweeping around the world"*—"a
spirit which masks under the name of
Socialism, Communism and Collective-
To British Columbia belongs the distinction of being first among the Canadian provinces to develop a movement
of the working class along the lines of
revolutionary action against the rule
of   captlallst   property, entrenched, ln
Its economic dominion over labor, behind all tbe powera of the organised
capitalist state.   That the state with
its powers of legislation, coercion and
repression,   is   the     aole   Instrument
whereby the    economic    dominion ot
capital over labor can he maintained
Is so patent that time expended in ita
elaboration is virtually time   wasted.
In every capitalist country of the earth
the labor movement ia coming to recognise thla and 1* shaping It* course to
obtain possession of the powers of tbe
state for the purpose ot using those
powers to strike down the present class
control    of   the   organised   economic
po vor of human society, with Its production for profit   and wage-slavery,
and substituting therefore collective or
social control ot Industry, with  production for use carried on by free men.
A breach haa been made tn the provincial   breastworks  of    capitalism   by
tbe election,, two and    a-half    year*
since, of two members to the bouse at
Victoria upon a platform setting forth
openly and   without    reservation  tbe
revolutionary program and Intention*
ot the International working claaa. The
heavy  vote polled ln other constituencies at the same time ls portentlous
of   the   absolute   certainty that the
breach already made will be widened
at the forthcoming election, 18 months
or so hence.
While no successful assault has yet
been made upon the fortifications of
capitalist property In the other province*, or upon the central citadel of
robbery at Ottawa, signs are multiplying dally that conclusively show
tbat the battalions are forming, and a
most vigorous assault will be made In
the near future. From far Yukon in
the north to Nova Scotia and New
Brunswick in the east, the message
cornea that the leaven la working, and
the recruits are forming In line and
acquiring the necessary "esprit du
corps" lo insure the vigor of the onslaught when the hour etrlke*. From
the most remote and out-of-the-way
places cornea frequent word that the
the Western
now is the ac-
         _       ln   and do their
share. Send ln something tor the organising fund, along with auch suggestions as you may think will be of
value in furthering the work. It ls all
well enough to leave lt to some one
else to do what you ought to do yourself, only you need not expect lt to be
done if you do.
There should be at least half-a-doaen
speakers and organisers upon the road
all the time. The field is ample and
the harvest la ripe. While lt ts reasonably certain that speakers can, as
a rule pick up enough to cover expenses,
the Executive Committees need a sufficient sum ln hand to meet such emergencies as may arise. Therefore If you
want anything done get ln and
something youraelf. The committee1
response to the calls for speakers and
organisers will ot necessity be ot the
same calibre as your response to the
call tor funds. Let them have your
response. Right now ls the accepted
time.
It  la  stated  that    the  railway  and
other   transportation    companies    are
prepared to make a stiff fight against
the adoption of the "Lord's Day Act."
which haa been jigged up by the associated religious bigots of the Dominion, known as the Lord's Day Alliance.
It ls high time that every devotee of
human progress put up a "stiff fight"
to have done once   and    tor all with
these attempts to use the power of the
state to ram the doctrines of bigotry
and ignorance down the throat of an
unwilling people.   That which appeals
to the state to bolster It up openly confesses that It possesses no virtue of Its
own upon which to rest Its case.   If the
Lord ts one-halt as almighty as these
religious humbugs claim. He is amply
qualified to protect any days He may
lay claim to without thc assistance of
either the Canadian parliament or the
associated bigots.
do
The flag of truce Is again hoisted ln
the anthracite coal regions for a period of three year*.   The minors return
to work under the terms that prevailed
previous to the strike.    If the minors
use the next three years for the purpose of acquiring an understanding of
the labor problem and Its solution, they
will prepare themselves for a wiser line
of  action  than  atatemptlng to  wring
concessions  from  a  labor  market  in
which all tne forces are against them.
They will be ready to take part in the
movement for the abolition ot the wage
system and the upbuilding of a commonwealth ln which the laborer shall
be free to feed, clothe and shelter himself without the necessity of supporting a lot of hungry capitalist leeches
and their parasitic hangers-on.
In the current number of Everybody's
Magasine, Upton Sinclair, the author
of "The Jungle,"  makes   serious and
specific charges against  the  head of
the Armour packing Interests in regard
to filthy practices   indulged in in tbe
preparation of food stuffs turned out
from Its establishments.   Sinclair adds:
"One hundredth part ot what I have
charged ought, lt    lt la    true,  to   he
enough to send tbe guilty man to the
gallows."   Tbe filthy practices referred
to are but mere Incident* of production for profit, and they aa logically
spring from lt aa do malarial germa
from a swamp or cesspool.   It would
be just aa wise to attempt to obviate
the evil effects of the awamp or cesspool by taking the life ot a tadpole or
a maggot, aa to expect to check the
filthy and health-endangering practices
referred to by sending some Interested
capitalist to the   gallows.   Tbe very
fact that production   for profit is of
necessity  baaed upon the robbery ot
labor la quite sufficient to condemn the
present system to the gallows of abolition.   So long aa production for profit
obtains lt will continue equally prolific ln breeding capitalist maggota and
poisonous germa   It ls up to enslaved
labor to erect the gallows, aupply the
rope and spring the trap.
"Strenuous Teddy's" latest stage performance conslsta ot a message to
Congress, ln which, according to the
sensational papers representing tin
horn capitalists, he deals herculean
blows at the Standard OU Interests and
their Iniquities as practised upon their
puny competitors. The terrible consequences of this spectacular stage-strut
are shown ln the fact that the price ot
Standard OH atock tn the New Tork
market, Immediately after the publication of the message, registered an advance of seven points over the closing
figure of the previous day. With due
and proper recognition of the strenuous one's importance ln the great
echeme of things, lt ls Indeed atrange
that  we  should    be  reminded  of the
fabled fly upon the rim of the wheel.
We, the Socialist I'arty ot Caaada.
ln convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and aupport of the principles and program of the International revolutionary working claas.
Labor produce* all wealth, and to
labor it ahould justly belong. To
the owners of the moan* of wealth
production belong* the product of
labor. The preeent economic aya-
tem is baaed upon capitaliat ownership of the meana of wealth production: therefore all the producta of
labor belong to the capitalist claaa.
The capitalist Is master; th* works*-
I* slave.
So long a* the capitalist* remain
in possession of the rein* ot government all the powera of the atate will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights tn ths meana of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist ay stem give* to th*
capitalist an ever-ewelllne- stream of
profits, and to the worker aa ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of the working class
Ilea in the direction of setting Itaelf
free from capitalist exploitation by
the ah-olltlon of th* wage system. To
accomplish thla necestdtate* the
transformation ot capitalist property in the meana of wealth production'into collective or working-class
property.
The irrepressible conflict of Interest* between the capitalist aad the
worker ia rapidly culminating la a
struggle for pc*aexston nf tha power
of government—the capitalist to hold!
the worker to secure It by political
action.   This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, wa cell upon arl workers to organise under the banner of
the Socialiat Party of Caaada with
tbe object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of netting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, aa follow*
1. Tha transformation aa rapidly
as possible, of capitalist property In
the.meana of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc..) Into the collective property of the working class.
3. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
0. Ill* estaUlshnwot, aa speedily
ea possible, of production tor us*
Instead of production for proSt.
The Socialist Party, when la office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system ts abolished,
make the answer to thla quaatloa It*
guiding rule of conduct. Will thla
legislation advance tha Interesu of
the working da** aad aid the worker* tn their da** atruggle againat
capitalism? If It will, the Socialist
Party la for It; If It will not, th*
Socialiat Party la absolutely oppo*
ed to lt.
In accordance with this principle
th* Socialiat Party pledge* Itaelf to
conduct all th* public affair* placed
In It* hand* In auch a manner a* to
promote thc Interesu of tha work-
lag claaa alone.
Tel. 82fl. P.O.
824 Hastings St. .
Hox, 932
Vancouver. R f:
—-i
Socialist Binciory
ent*rv.yery I-ocal of the Socinlist
Party of Caaada ahould run a eart
under thla head, fl.00 per month
.Secretaries plea** note.
ItliltHli Columbia Pnnlw-lal Bsca utile
Committee, fU-clitllst Parly <>i .  .„.
nda.    Meets every allernut.- Tute-
lay.    W. II. Flowers, Secretary. Room
I, VIZ Prior Ht.. Vancouver.
11
Dominion Kxecsitlvv Osmmltu. socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Tuesday, j q,
Morgan, Secretary, &M Barnard
Street, Vancouver, H. ('.
Lot-ssi VniK-ouv'-r. No, I, K. P. ol 1 .m-
adu. Business im-ellng* every
Monday evening at heud>iuaiters,
Ingleside Mlovk, 113 Cunil.l. Street,
(room 1, second door). Educational meetings every* Bonday at «
p. m„ In Siilliv.m Hull, Cordova
street. D. P. Mills, Secretsr* uoi
»36. Vancouver, B. C.
———1 -MS—WSl-i 1
Locatl Toronto, S». V. of O.—Meet* *er>
ond and fourth Tuesday*. 8o< laltst
Headquarters. 185"* Queen Street
West. F. bale. Secretary. 41 Henry
Street. Jewish Branch m<-<i-i ■ v.r*
Sundny night, same hall.
Ux-ai    Wlnnipa-g. H. P. of I'.—M.-rts
tlrM und third Sunday lu Ms.   ibe*
Hall, curn.-r King and Pacil     \.
roues,    at    ! 30 |>.  ui.    J   Coxoa
Secretary. S2« PrlliC-xi Htr.-. I   Win.
i.Ij»-k. Man.
KstaMiMlseil  18*4.
Tke VOICE
Tin- OMs-st Labor
P«|wr In Canasta.
Always a  f.iiries* expon.-nt In
the cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will
be »ent to any address for on*
year.
Workingmen of all countries
win man   reoogalsa   the f... 1
that they    must    support and
read their labor papers.
IKSCKI)   KVKRY    FRIDAY
Tlie Vidce P-ubtt-thing Co.
Winnipeg.    Man.
l.i.l
The building industry of Chicago ls
reported a* seriously handicapped by
the walkout on the first of May of 1,000
structural lronworkera. They have
been getting 58 1-4 cent* per hour.
Their chief occupation I* the erection
ot the structural framework of skyscrapers. Tbelr present demand Is for
62 1-2 cents per hour, or $5 for a day's
work ot eight houra, Tbe contractors
consider their demand exorbitant. Most
any reasonable person can see that It
Is positively outrageous. The very Idea
ot working men demanding such prince
ly wages a* five "buck*" per day is.
ridiculous. The next thing we know
they will aspire to living In brown-
atone fronts aud sporting automobiles.
Talk about greedy capitalists! Why,
they are the very personification of
modesty and self-sacrifice ln comparison to the avaricious Ironworkers. This
A splendid substitute for silk has
been discovered and turned over to
commercialism. The rise of thla young
Industry haa been so rapid that the
producers of natural stlk are disturbed.
In Italy several chambers of commerce
have memorialised the government on
the subject. But nothing can atop
scientific and Industrial evolution, and
brilliant silk will be made more and
more out of common cotton—or, better
still, with the fibres of forest trees.
Thus the fashion-chasing women of
the elave class will have a better opportunity to Imitate their foolish ruling-class sisters. But It's a glorious
civilisation.
APPLICATION     FOR
BKRNHIP IN THE SOCIALIST PARTY    OF CANADA.
The Russian Government has adopted the policy of moving Ita troops frequently from place to place In order
to prevent them from becoming •tainted" by associations with revolutionists. It seema that evil associations
still corrupt good manners. The Caar
la wise in taking atepa to Insure that
the conduct of hla "dear troops" shall
be above reproach.
hereby apply for membership
I,     THE     UNDKRSIONED.
In Local
 Socialist Party of
Canada.
I recognise the class struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. a., poeaeaalon of the
relna of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workera Into a political
party diatinct from md oppoaed to all parties of the capitaliat claaa.
If admlttsd to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to aupport by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and tha
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Applicant	
.Address	
Occupation	
Age	
Cltlxen	
Admitted to Local 110..
 Chairman.
 Rec.-Scc.
Miners'Magazine
Published Weekly hy the
Vittera rewtrattM M »Mr.
A Vigorous Advocate of Labor'*"
Causa.
Clear-Cut aad Aggroaalve.
Per Year $1.00.       Six Months. 00*.
Addre**:
MINERS' MAGAZINE.
Denver. Colorado.
t-»
WANTED: by Chicago wholesali
house, special represent*^* (or
each pro viae* In Canada. Salary
$20,00 aad expenses paid weekly.
Expense money advanced. Bun*
aea* successful; position permanent-
No Investment required. Pre"io»»
experience not essential to eng*e*
Ing.    Address
General Manager, 183 Lake St-
 Chicago. HImJMU.
THE WESTERN CLARION
ATENTS
lUsslaahtrtra,
tbeadViabll.
A Canadian Pacific train waa held
up near Kamloops on Tuesday night
and the registered   mall   sacks were
rilled    "Individual Initiative" and dear 	
old "incentive" are -till alive and ^\f$*!^
w* solicit Ine	
Rnglneera and other* who raiiitc th.	
ity of having their Patent business transacted
l>y Kiperts.   Preliminary advice free.   Charges
muderst'    - - " •-  »•*-* *-•"--
I request. -„^^^^^^^^^_
' Montreal • snd Washington, D.C, V.SJL
S yearly sub. card* for $8.75.
Bundle* of 28 or" more copies it
one address, for a pwlod ol thrtj
months or mors at ths rat* ol oa*
cent per copy.
Patronise our advertisers.
tham *****
Own" •.,
CoavmoMT* a*
Otitic nmm
WftSKV
Mifce**»*>. New York
eummVastee.^^ .May  Uth,  IM*.
FROM
THE  EARTHQUAKE
ZONE
mc tfdltor
i'on
li.'"
irlsnd   Cal.. May l»t,  HW6.
a       "r the Western Clarlun.
...de    Having  lost my  lob
• „;„„,: „„„,. du.ing th-re-
• ,i  , al    dlsturbsi.ee     of     the
:<£*£!   tStolteo,  1    am  free
'very for » wh,le' *ml ""
waK..-Hl..V«    >    ' j    ,,    f(.w    0b**r.
"<  !   r;"        J    ,  interest to the
.„ 'I1  u •   xi'-'l-t Socialist a S*k-
'    'consider i" MM ■** *'a,jer
Socialism In Amerl a.
„n April l«th thc earth
-—.--.    j   .„i„iii. avert-
I
eh l
...i on
:.'•
11'
.ly
ull   moveable  objects
lln
(travi
l,yiro.')f1'Thesensation was nu
<•■ '"" -.verc    in  a    railroad  car
'Ugn.,ur saj » <»""» >'*r h',ur)' **L"
'" , u„l bounding over rocky
'■' "" iT- living from sl.U-to sl-le.
rffsStrSSS MarhrtHtr.et
l!l "", s , llill. wlK-rc 1 wa* located.
' "''    ,^   lv. Icnc.' "f t»«e effes-ts  were
vrr5 "       f»w brick chimneys and cor-
v"""".    f,-l-t   to the sidewalk.  Most
t1,!     ,       the    dwelling,  and
-'V       £ *,re.'t regardl.*. of peril owl   ""   l"              llmnll     mv   tlrst
III
Almost   my
Inslgnlflc-nt cr.-a-
,,,,   the   street
»,„».    ■pi-araiu-M-
ZttnTn SXa* -~*»_  • •»'"'
vlbrfttloi
iiould oause
o i    •' '"
, ,    I  hat
of
such
",,   a portion of this immense
1    _       *uch a sudden rev-
llumVn affairs.    If ever one
a  forcible   realisation
.r'brotberhood, it a** at
.    .     Kvlryone seemed tone thank-
.^ujrHrter the *ertba*nte
•X       K.   ....'  in many pt*"*, P"^"
"'" '.,,..  warehouse district and th-
-Stag bouse distort,  where   t
of the lives were lost   The
the death list  wl!'  be
■jsed hy
THE WESTERN  CLARION,  VANCOUVER.   BRITISH    OOfcUMBU.
11 »
in ii
i >
in
. mm
I i-.ii.-vea
Tbe fir.-* were mos.iy
:ed    oil    lamps, broken    «-us
""*"■    < Ity
Th*.
In
I
urn. -
and  elect'  ', wlraejL^^^^^^^^
Hi..*.- districts   <fis   soon ablaze,  and
..I,.- ».<ik of rescue of those w1k> mar*
h   • :    r injured was very dllTlcult. The.
:•.   department  wan powerless,  due  to!
th,. h iter  mains b>-lng broken and soj
maj . fire* at once.
\\ • ■    the extent of the Ure was real-1
mllltla  were ordered oul and!
la*   declared.
D '. these legalised murderers protect
banian life?   That wa* not their l.usl-
They were used to protect "prist'  l'i iperty,"   which   Is  much   more
l.tcI under capitalism.
Th«   ' rime* of   the militia would  fill
mc*.    In fact  the only crimes
inals were burnt out. there 1« no report
of any crime* belli-* eommltti a except
iIioho by the inllllla. Thin k"* to
prov.; the Socialist, theory of abolish
want uud you will abolish crime.
The relief committee* have done good
work in preventing want, but the
church Charity tl disgusting to any
■sU-rs*poctlng person. They allowed
the refugee* to Bleep on the pews In
the Ill-ventilated churches ami fe.i tbem
for a few duyu, but when tome of the
men did not eagerly v,n to work at
starvation wages they were very Indignant nt such Ingratitude, and were
very glad to be able to get rid of the
refugee* by sending tbem to camps
out 111 the hills. In order to K<-t anything from the churches It was necessary to answer all sorts of questions)
such    as     Have    you    nny    friends?"
"Where did you work?" "Cannot your
former employer help you?" and ho on.
To obtain a bowl of soup one had to
kinri.l In Ilm- for an hour or wo, und
th-ii aiiHwi-i- satisfactorily tha numerous questions. Tbe minister* did not
preach about "an avenging d.-iiy" or
"God's will" the next Sunday. No
doubt because the Chun b--s were more
biidiy damaged than any other cIhs-i of
building-', and another thing, people
arc more Inllghtsned l*MSS days a* to
the cause of earthquakes by reason of
Ihe Hilenllli •■ pragmas Which the church
has triad U) binder The ilnit.li people tuik no mui h about work, but there
I* not work for BVI ryoaa    About ;,HO,nO(i
are homeless, so thai about 10,009 men
ar.* employed The Ban Pranclsco
Hoard of Public. Work* was forced to
lay oft because of lack of funds l o>o
men win. war* '■leaning tti.; flit'-ls. The
officials prevented any merchant from
raining th<- price of goods, ho that peoplo were enabled to pun base at former
prices If they had money. One llrm in
Ihe grocery bumnefs, which for a number of years ba* been on the unfair
li*t of organised labor, had it* Block
confiscated by the authorities because
It endeavored  to charge  famine price*.
At present the papers state that real
estate and nnt* have been there*** ■■
case where 1100 a. month was
charged for one room. Of course that
Is   "business."
Hut for the capitalist system of profit many live* would have been saved,
as    many   bulMings    which    collapsed
were poorly built
occupied by  th* working
not only to have the right, but alao
Ibe opportunity of harmoniously dew-loping and educating in accordance
with hlR needs, the physical and intellectual capacities which nature hus
glvefJ him. It believe* the right to
enjoyment of life necessarily involves
the duty to Ubor. But In order that
this lubor may be as productive und
useful, and at the sume time as pleasant and short a* possible, the association of the power of labor and the
organization of the process of labor
on a higher technical plane ls Indls-
penslbl*' and this presupposes that
the mean* of production shall be
transformed from private Into collective ownership,"
The Pattern Makers' Association, of
Milwaukee have taken the initiative In
calling upon the workers of the United States to resort to the mass strike
In case Justice should be denied the
imprisoned officers of the Western Ped-
iM alIon of Miner*. In a set of ringing
resolutions the Association pledged Its
members to cease work at the call of
the Western Federation of Miners, and
In do ull they could to induce all other
workers to take similar action.
Governor Uoodlng, of Idaho, has called upon the bankers of Idaho to put
up m.MO to curry on the prosecution
of Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone. The
discovery of buried Infernal machines
and tl.e concocting of bogus confessions
should not be allowed to lag because of
a lack of the necessary wherewith.
The banker* should respond generously,
lliey, above all other people, are
known to bc devout worshippers at the
shrine of Justice.
ward tbe work of organizing auch
parts of the Dominion of Canada a*
have not yet been reached. There is
a vast field to be covered which will
ot necessity entail considerable expense. The necessary funds can, however, be obtained if Locals, individual comrades and friends will take
the matter up by gathering and forwarding such contributions as may
be forthcoming. As soon as Uie requisite funds may be gathered it la
the intention of the committee to
arrange trips, for one or more organizers, covering aa large a section of
territory a* possible. With energetic
action in the matter of raising funds
and '-udicdous application of tha samel
by the committee a much needed
work may be carried out that will
bear fruit in future election campaigns.
All money received for thla fund,
will be used solely for the purpose
stated. The committee, at its meeting on Feb. 27, appropriated from
the General Fund the sum of $25,
to be applied to the Organizing Fund
All money received for this fund will
be acknowledged through the columns of the Western Clarion.
ORGANIZATION FUND.
re-
Whllf.
.  .....
le Comrade Klamroth, the sub-
hustler, was in town during the early
part of the week, he took occasion to
surmount the soap box of Carrall and
Cordova   Streets one  evening  for  the
purpose of giving to his fellow-slaves
which    collapsed I. ,
M.,st of them were!1"8 vlew" WW lhe vexatious economic
la.-s, aud.no \*nd political problems of the day. He
The following sums have been
celved to date:
Dom.  Exec.  Com $25.00
Toronto Local     5.00
Comrade O.   Rayner       1-00
Comrade R. McLachlan     1.00
Comrade J. A. Teit     1.00
Comrade L. T. English     1.00
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AGENTS WANTED
YOU CAN MAKE A LIVING ANO HELP THE CAUSE
BY SELLING
THE JUNGLE
Some who started early are now selling ten
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%
$ copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents 2
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NEW YORK. S
~*w
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9
a copy,
prices.
Send to   us for circulars and  wholesale
The book is now ready for delivery.
THE JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO..
BOX 2064
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Total    *34\0O
Forward all contributions to
J. O. MORGAN, Sec.
551 Barnard St.
Vancouver,  B.C.
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
y
PROVINCIAL ORGANIZATION
FUND.
The following amounts received up to
date:
Previously acknowledged $43 50
Local Revelstoke      5 00
Comrade   Burroughs      2 50
mny ;..ik'-s.    in uui  «••« — ■*    i l»«r of workers urer* killed, those that
; i,y the newspapers during Ui!», ,,inajn hive iit.ll their chains of wagC-
,.,, -ti    have hean lommitted by Ou , hl,n,.,,..   Tbey did not lose them
I    murdewe.     The     M-*M>ns|   The
aaaaaaai »    .   .     ^..   t..|||tla.
fjonbt In the re-blllldlng of San Fran- i *-„t along nicely for about half an hour,
Cisco everything will be ts* rtflced tojwhan al camc llm aaeJmu and ,n.
the  "god  »f  proli'"   ami  the  dwellings
uf ths• "noiklng mule*" will nut he gny corruptible guardian of public morals,
dufcr Uiun formerly.   Although .. num-jthe chief of Potion.   His keen detective
^^ ^^^^,^,^------|-|--^^^^^^^^.     day of social revolution may be
,r».i'.-.J and guarded hy '"'""••| retard..! somewhat by thin disaster,
. r whom Dscsrna drunk and f.h«t atl( ,jkt a|, oyicr dis^Kt<.rs 8Uc.h aa
,ut,y people rw-klessly. I met a young! warh or ,.(>jxU u )lag ^^.^ -j,, Uay
ho said that while passing Ul..ngjw.ll.n    t,^,..i)r,Jiixlt.AUjn     l.,lll1,,.li    harj
tiiii.-H. Ban sTmnclaco win be p-buiit,
because the B*stern capitalists have
pi.niy of kuipIuk capital which they
ar.* eager to Invest. The reign of King
John D. and Lis grand dukes »m oon-
t)n   street    a  -...l.llt-r who  was    drunk
ti:.)  al   him  and    h.ir.-ly  missed  h'm
ii..'i, whose Mores ha»J iw-en .!••-
roy*d attempted to recover Borft* >>f
things, hut w*-re shot and killed
Maaj
without  warning by  th.-  mllltla.    T»p, unue "possibly   loiiger   than   1S87-1   tbe
mtHlM.  It   H    r.i.orte.1.  dynamited    a|Uni<, ^ m ,        ,„,.,, ,,„,, J
budding before all   or   the oca apaats ■ wouM  lni.,
were out     Two men report that they,        ^^   ^  yM  N--  ^^ ^^
a arid* street very Cea of the One rem
Idoncea  were burnt.    Jefferson JS.puare
^^^^^* that   they
• re held up th- night of the fire and
robbed   by   two mOdler*     A   week  ;iro
Munday the papers had terse headlines
■tat   t !'"11 a *°ldtw had saaavttsd s|
l   i  | woman.
in.   aoldler han twen  tc.rorlslng the
reslil nts b]  ih.v.ilng through the win-
il nlRht.   (ine shot went through
f.ur partitlosa   lie him b«*en arre»>i--vi. i   .
So is alloweil in Chinatown now
was  the    notorious "Barnaby  Coant.
>...ugh the so-called worst i rim-
Victoria
Advertisers
I'AilJuNlZE THKM - AND
TKLLTHKM WHY.
is »iiirounded by well built hou-«.*.* and
manaiuus hot damaged, the rasitlaata
apparently being In Europe or gone to
the   Hot bprlngH" uft.-r the earthquake
These  houses   are  closed  und  guard. U
■s'tHl''1'*   t!"' ,"il'Uu-  whUe   just   a.rosj the
-ti-.t. tbe refugees and bomelegi are
.-su,... thc mliitta were looting there, r"""" J   '"   U";   tr'jA'!"1    ?***>   iU'a
er* dsMtnaS Of obtaining some   "*« '  f'v  »*•  ^",''e    "     M    JKlS
•r of  the  time  when   th.y   .,,,r. |--"^,d   together OO   the  damp  graS!*.
fored such noble (?) duties after the.»"a':'' •» h:,'J« uf '»-^,-Sart shelter,
Mi. PrancUco earthquake In IW.|     *,"   "U''J, lu',vu""',   Mm!' L^"
One of the llrst district, to b* burnt   lul",u,■   ,"* "'">   «,N^d '« °" •*".
-      ...   quencc of u Di us to arouse the Ignor-
I ant working .ins* to the Injustice of
tlieir being forced to put up with such
shelter In all kinds ot weather, while
a. r,.ss   the  sirvrl   the   best prOdttOtS  of
thu working daaa were standing unused, and they dare hot make use of
them because they were private property. There are thousands of houses
in .Sun Francisco that aie not damaged. There is enough room to shelter
everybody, bul the so-called Clirl.-Ut.in-'
do noi   obey   the  command,   "IjOm*   thy
neighbor as thyself."
The extent of the Ure would not have
bean   SS   great   bad     there   been   more
wide   streets.     The   loss  of   lite
have   been   lo   a  great   extent
had   the   buildings   been
built.
The comrades in Oakland aided those
comrades who ■uffend by the dlsutei
in San Francis-.0 and who cam* to Oak
land.    The headquarters were ""•* *•*
shelter  and  supplying    in.-als
hot be Ion*, before L<
will be lu tht
instinct at once discovered the "seditious" trend of the speaker's remarks
and calling his minion, the valiant Chief
squelched Klamroth before he had suc-
« eeded in his evident purpose of undermining the foundations of the British
Umpire. Balked of his purpose, Klamroth departed a couple of days later
for the land of the free and the home
of the brave, it is to be hoped with the
ririn resolve to henceforth use his talents for the purpose of upholding law
and order and preserving our glorious
capitalist civilization. At any rate the
Vancouver Chief of Police is a terror
to evil doers, all right.
Total
.{ill 00
WAGELABOR
AND CAPITAL
BY KARL MARX
Single copies, 5 cents; 6
copies, 25 cents; 15 copies, 60
cents; 40 copies, $1.00; 100
cupies and over, 2 cents per
copy.
These rates include postage
to any part ot Canada of the
United Kingdom.
. "The Western Clarion"
1 4
We Have two cases (lOO pounds) of Brevier Type. 8.point, almost new, cost 52
els a pound a year ago; will sell at
25cts a lb.   Following is a sample of the Type:
Hartford, Conn., Jan. io.—A certificate
of incorporation of the Caxaca & Pacific
Railway Company of Hartford, has been
filed witb the secretary of state. The
authorized capital stuck of the company
is 140,000000. These figures exceed
those of any other company which has
filed such a certificate with the secretary
Some one writing to the Winnipeg
Voice suggests that the "Labor M. P.'s"
at Ottawa should be asked to bring up
ln the house the matter of the barring
of the Appeal to Reason from the Canadian mails. This would be all right,
only there are no "Labor M. P.'s"
there. In making this statement Ralph
Smith has not been overlooked by any
means.
THE  WESTERN  CLARION
WRITE.   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Western Clarion,
Box 836. VANCOUVER. B. C.
P.O. DRAWER   836.
TELEPHONE   824.
Colonial Bakery
■iv  Johnaos  St.,   Victoria.   B.C.
UNION -MAOC MUD MD CAKCS
Ixll-en-d t* any part ot the elt7     Aak
Driver  to  call.    "Pbena 8*°
would
avoided
substantially
Dr. Ross A. Luxemburg, the brilliant
Socialist journalist and lecturer of
Germany, Is confined in prison at Warsaw, Poland, as a dangerous revolutionist. In a letter to the Berlin Vor-
waerls he says the prison conditions
are horrible. At times there are as
many ns 60 prisoners In the same cell
—men and women together. Of course
such Iniquities practised by the ruling
class will meet with the general approval of the capitalist world, as the
victims are merely low, dangerous
characters that ure a menace to clvil-
Isiillon.
I      ou know we sell from 10 to 2»
cents cheapor than our competitors.
TRY
HASHES' FAIR
-rom jl. cxx.A.3>ra*s*
71 Severeaiat Strati, VKMrta, •- C.
TKl.Kl'lUlNK B77»
| HENRY BCHNSEN A
\ Muilactirer e\
HAVANA
CIGARS
a No I Ctstra tt.
♦ VICTORIA, B.C.
HAROLD BURNETT
NEWS AGENT.
used for
^^Tt wm
...... —..ill Sau Francisco
ranks again lighting for
th>* Co-Operative Commonwealth.
We have declared that "uur brothers
shun not bc murdered I"
in all ibe excitement wa have not
forgotten Comrades Moyer, Haywood
ami I'.-uibonc.   Comrades, be ut good
cheer,   llle   tide  Of   revolution   is   i isitlg.
Yours   for   the   revolution,
a RaroOsBB.
AS A PROMOTER
OF PUBLICITY
amoBg the wage-earners of British Columbia, "The Clarion" is
a winner. It has over
2300 paid-up readers.
Mail-order houses will
find it a business
bringer.
COMMERCIAL
PRINTING
victoria Representative for the
Hemst publications, as follows: San
I'i-mii-Imco I'.xiiiiiliicr. I/»s Angwle* Kx-
iimlner, Chicago Amrrtcnn, New York
Amcil.-jui, Boston American; Home
mui Vena "Weekly, Clilcn*"; Ciasmo-
liolltan Magazine, New York.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75,
iniiing the recent municipal campaign nt P&rkersburgj West Virginia, ii. O. Davis, a member of the
Democratic dty committee, tendered
his resignation, und In a public letter
declared his espousal of socialism
his reasons therefor
th.. new dootrini
elded ••> embrace
"It _
all   men   ever-,'
best Hint is in them
best ^^m
Also agent for tho following:
Seuiiie Times, Portland Oregonian,
Nan Kranelsco Chronicle, Los Atigele"
Times.
Prompt and regular dally delivery
service to subscribers.
Advertisements-of every description
taken for'any newspnper.
,___^^^    nnd
in speaking of
which  he  had  do-
acv,  he said:
believes In nn ei-ual chance for
wffere     to   develop   thc
num..    lt advocates the
 Interests of ull tolling humanity
as opposed  to Us oppressors und ex-
It demands the abolition of
^^^^ of expropriation and op
pression  of  "'""    by  mini  In  social
politicul
llev.-s in th.
TO "CLARION" READERS.
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fail to get
their papers. In some instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually in type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
arc mnde up to date, the frequency of
these complaints Justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity In the
performance of their duties, even if
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive hia paper to
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
Its repetition in the future.
THE  WESTERN  CLARION
FLACK BLOCK BASEMENT
*r-\
ONE KIND - THE BEST
TELEPHONE 824
SEWING MACHINE.
BOLLER BEARINO.
HIGH OBAOI.
'      I
PROVINCIAL KXECUTIVE COM
M1TTEK.
lire.    It be.
plotters
,.Vciy   foi'""
mid   a*********  aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa-
"'    aemocratlsatlon of com-
i industry ;is the only
meroe, trade "J , uli.(|1 ,*„„*„,.
foundation jr P^^ of      ,a,
i,  thoroughly  In ac-
,,f economic,    [t believes
be   free  H»<1   c(lurt-
0f   whatever   race.
,1 they should be
mission in life
believes In or
P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0
reliable
rucy and llio sn
equality,   wlileh.^^^^^^
cord   With   the  philosophy
nibs, science and
thnt men should
without   exception,
family or religion run
permuted to mi their
as Civilised being*,   n
der to attain theae object"
Kecctpta,
Mount Sicker Comrades, organization fund $32
Revelstoke Local, organisation
fund      5
Com. Hurroughs, organisation
fund     2
Ravelatok* Local, stamps  ....    3
Com.  Hiirrough.'. dues      1
OHtH
BEST IN B.C.
^s
CVQ**.'
©asS'Sisee
United Hatters of North America
w■*■■■■— -.- „   «.-™*i>  it,»x hi  to  It
to
Total M"!
AMONG  THE  WORKERS.
DOMINION ORGANIZING FUND.
Tho Dominion Executive Committee
eves in or- j has decided to call for hinds to be
man ought  used for the purpose of pushing (or-
Money
by buying thto
reliable, honest,
high grade sew*
ing madiine.
STRONGEST GUARANTEE.
National Sewing Machine Co..
SAN FRANCISCO.  CAL.
• FACTORY ATBBLVIWMB. IU.
When you are buying a Fl'll HAT see to tt
that the Qcnulne Cnlon l-ub.-l ls sewed ln It. If
a retailer has loose labels ln his possession and
offers to put one In a hut for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels tn retail stores are counterfeit*.
The genuine Union Label Is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John It. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia. Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOHTTT, President, Orange, N. J.
MAiOTIN LAWIiOK. Sets-clary, 11 Waverly Pino*,
J       New Xork. *•*■>
rout
TT",
THE WESTERN CLARION, VANCOUVER,   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY May   12th,  ijqj
'VT";i
'!,?
I  '1
B(       ,|J|!
hi a
I NEWS AND VIEWS
*
9
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION
Edited by K. P. PETTIPIECE, to whom all correspondence for tills department should he addressed.
$
9
9
9
9
9
9
fir
PHYSICAL CULTURE.
Wage-Slaves Have Utile Time to 1K--
votc to Physical und Mental
Development.
Men and women, with few exceptions,
are pretty much what their occupation,
environment and education has made
them. Physical culture is not only
health-giving, but a developer and
purifier of the mind and all that goes
to make life worth living.
Well-bred, well-reared horses make
the beat animals. But even the finest
horse* were soon worn out by the old
street-car service method.
So with the wage-slaves of to-day.
The constant grind and monotony of
eking out an excuse for a living ls
making physical and mental wrecks of
the race. The conception of life possessed by the average wage-slave ls
much like that of a mule—to work.
Electricity and other forces of nature
have practically liberated the horse,
though mules are still used on railroad
construction work and such like.
Not so with the human animal. Electricity and modern machinery, instead
of being a liberator for the masses, under the present form of ownership, ls
more completely forging the chains of
slavery upon the limbs of labor.
And until poverty ceases, wage-slavery is abolished, and human needs are
produced for use Instead of profit,
there can be no solid basis upon which
to rear a society worthy of admiration.
Given access to the means of life,
humankind will soon take to, teach and
inculcate the mlnda of the rising generation with such uplifting sciences as
physical culture and other means of
promoting the highest type of civilisation this world ever knew.
To be a physical culturist Implies
being a man. Wage-slaves are not men,
but things—bought and sold like other
commodities. If* difficult for commodities to act like men. Hence the necessity of being removed from this category before physical and mental development in its highest and noblest
sense is possible.
There Is, however, a ray of hope.
Thousands of wage-slaves throughout
the world are beginning to act like
men. Having risen superior to their
environment, agltatots and capitalism
Itself are forcing a new line of action.
The earth and its resources is to be restored to the workers by political action if possible. Thla accomplished, a
new era will have dawned, and the
possibilities of a world habited by free
men and free women Is beyond the
conception of human products of cap
ltallsm.
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE  COMMITTEE.
l-'HOM WAV DOWN EAST.
Vancouver, 13. C, May 8th. 1906.
Present Comrades Stebblng, Leah,
McKenzie, Arnason, Pritchard, Kings-
ley and the secretary.
The minutes of the previous meeting
were read and approved.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
Prom  Dawson, Y. T., Local.
From Comrade L. T. English, enclosing application for charter for local In
Port Arthur, Ont., and enclosing $6.50
for supplies.
From Claresholm, Alberta, Local, enclosing monthly report and $1 for
stamps.
A committee was appointed to draw
up resolution concerning the Moyer-
Haywood ciise.
Receipts-
Port   Arthur   Local,   supplies   and
stamps J6.50
Clensholm,   Alta.,   stamps 1.00
$7.50
A warrant was drawn for the Western Clarion, $2, for advt. space.
Adjournment.
PROVINCIAL  EXECUTIVE  COMMITTEE.
Vancouver, B. C, May 8th, 1906.
Present Comrades Stebbings, Leah,
Pritchard, Arnason, McKenzie, Org,
Kingsley and the secretary. \
The minutes of the previous meeting
were read and approved.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
From Chilliwack Local, concerning
suppression of Appeal to Reason.
From Squamish Local, enclosing $1.50
for due stamps and monthly report.
From Comrade Burnett, Victoria,
concerning party matters.
From Comrade Ledingham, Todd's
Inlet.
Receipts—
Squamish Local, stamps $1.50
Com. Rayner, Los Angeles     50
WOMAN SUFFRAGE.
Socialist* the "World Over Stand for
Political and Industrial Liberty.
Woman suffragists In England /seem
to be aomewhat active. Policemen
were forced to "move" a lady soap-box
orator no less than fifteen timea In one
evening recently ln London. And this
after a group of women had raised a
demonstrative protest in the Commons
during the afternoon. An importation
or two into British Columbia of this
brand of agitator would probably
awaken even the prehistoric Tatlow.
'Speaking of woman suffragists. At
the last meeting of the National Council of Women, held ln Vancouver a few
week* ago, the Socialist Party member for Nanaimo was proudly referred
to as "Our Friend Hawthornthwaite!"
This representative body of women also decided to circulate petitions (should
be "demands") praying that their male
lord* and masters at Victoria ahould
grant the women of thla province the
franchise.
It appears, after all, that the real is
sue* of the masses are only voiced and
worked tor by the Socialist members.
As a substantiation of this, the fact
that nearly all the labor organisations
in B. C. forward their "petitions" to
the Socialist Party representatives ln
the House Is self-evident.
When the women, like their fellow
slave*, see that none but Socialist legislators are elected to make laws there
will be no further need for "petitions''
and "praying."
Ood helps those who help themselves.
$2.00
A warrant was ordered drawn for $2
to the Western Clarion for space.
VANCOUVER LOCAL,  NO.  1.
The regular business meeting was
held at headquarters on Monday evening, May 7th, Comrade Leah in the
chair. The minutes of the previous
meeting were read and approved. Warrants were ordered drawn as follows:
Electric light bill $1.45
Literature 2.45
Rent 3.56
ALBERTA WAGE-SLAVES.
$7.35
Reports were  rrceived  from the organiser and various committees.
The Program Committee was instructed to restrict speakers at propaganda meetings to one hour, unless Instruction to the contrary were given
at preceding business meeting.
The financial report showed receipts
for the week as follows:
Collection, Sunday evening. May 5..$3.6!
Surplus from May-Day prize fund    25
Literature sales 2.45
Dues 1.50
Total $7.85
One new member was admitted.
.   •   •   •
The May-Day picnic and Jollification,
held on the grounds of P. Larsen, North
Vancouver, on Saturday, May 5th, wa*
an enjoyabfe affair. When the returns
are all in a small balance will be left
to the credit of the Local. There was
football and baseball, men'a races,
children's races and ladles' races, In
which numerous contestants took part.
The swing and the refreshment booth
were  well  patronised  by the  smaller
children, while the larger ones tripped
the "light fantastic" to the excellent  tan'ed me~in lhe''orow7becsnne they
Montreal, Quebec, May 3rd, 1906.
Western Clarion, Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Comrade,—Just a few words to
let you know how we fared on May
1st In this stronghold of capitalism.
Many weeks ago Local Montreal of the
Socialist Party of Canada, along with
nine other worktngmen's clubs and unions, decided to have a May-Day celebration and demonstration in fivor of
Moyer, Hayward and Pettibone. We
set to work at once and worked and
planned to make it a success, and we
now look back on our efforts as more
than well spent, as we succeeded way
beyond our most sanguine expectations.
May 1st dawned bright and clear after
some days of rain, and promptly at 3
p. m. we opened our first big mass
meeting. Many were the speeches that
were made, and the songs and recitations were nicely interspersed between,
so that at the close of the meeting at
5.30 the comrades and friends were
loth to leave, and over 1.000 men, women and children visited the hall during the afternoon. At 7.45 In the evening we held our parade, which started
from Empire Hall, headed by a hand
of music and a big red flag with the
inscription "Workingmen of the World
Unite." After that came 5,000 men,
women and children marching In line,
cheering the flag and singing the "Marseillaise." which, no doubt, struck terror to many a cowardly capitalist heart.
Everything was orderly and quiet, and
the friends and comrades paid very
little attention to an occasional hoot
or sneer, the most of which came from
the students of Laval College, which
we passed along the line of march.
After an hour's parading we came back
to Empire Hall, where another big
mass meeting was held, also an over-
llow meeting in the Garment Workers'
Hall. We one and all are well satisfied with the results, and now only
wish we had a good organiser here to
push the movement of the Socialist
Party of Canada to the front.
Closing, I remain, yours for the revolution,
ROBERT E. SCOTT.
C|o L. Beuboln, Room 4, 251 St. James
Street, Montreal.
All through his lire a Certain Man
had been told that the only way to be
Happy and to achieve Success was to
be there with the Goods.
Believing his parents and well-wishers, he devoted himself to a Strenuous
Life. Far into the night he studied
until he had mastered the Intricacies
of Finance. He became a linguist who
could call forth order In Babel; the
pages of history were to him an Open
Book; fro mthe Paleozoic age to the
present time he had traced the fieaks
of nature; he knew that the Human
Race proceeded from Monkeys. He
was an Authority on Government, and
his knowledge of art spelled with a big
A was not to be Sneezed At. He wrote
a beautiful hand, composed poetry, and
took great pride ln his Personal Appearance. Honesty was his strong suit.
No one could point the finger of scorn
at the Completed Product.
"The world Is at your feet," said the
Gang, as he started out to Butt Into
the Game.
Visions of a comfortable home, a
wife, a large family and a bank roll
that would make the President of some
Institution take off his hat to htm,
dldnU seem Too High.
Alas for the fulfillment of human
hopes. After ten years of faithful work
the model found himself Hired as a
Clerk at a small salary. When he asked for a raise he was told that the
Market was overcrowded with Competent Men who would work for half
what he got. His honesty and faithfulness were referred to In the highest
terms, but they were no more than
what was Expected.
'All right," said the Model, as he
clenched his teeth. "I find that I am
In the Wrong Pew.   Fools   have dis
RUSSIAN   METHODS  AT  OTTAWA*
"Appeal to Reason absolutely prohibited transmission Canadian malls.
(Signed) WM. SMITH.
Secretary P. M  Gen."
music furnished by the orchestra at the
pavilion. Eatables and drinkables
were provided in abundance, and none
were turned away unsatisfied. The day
was perfect, and the enjoyment unalloyed. The affair will be long remembered by those who were fortunate
enough to take part ln lt. The thanks
of the Local are due to the comrades
and frienda who so zealously labored
to make the affair a success.
D. P. MILLS, Secretary.
AMONG   THE   WORKERS.
Arousing   a Feeling   of   Protestation
Among tlie Workers of B. C.'s
Sister Province.
At the last meeting of lnnisfaii Local
(Alberta, No. 3), on April 26th, Com.
Tom L. Buckton delivered an address
on Municipal Ownership, and while he
gave many Illustrations of Its possibilities and successful operation he did
not neglect to impress on his hearers
the fact that it wag only municipal
capitalism and did not Immediately benefit the workers to any appreciable degree. That, in abort, municipal ownership is not Socialism, although Socialists in office would endeavor tn
municipalise public utilities when possible, and would, as far as could be,
operate these utilities for use and not
for profit.
Our Local Is progressing, and we have
hope that a Local will soon be organ'
iaed In the riding south of us.
GEORGE WATSON.
White Creek, April 27th.
Comrade Klamroth, the veteran sub.
hustler for the Appeal to Reason, dropped Into town from the Alberta country early this week. Taking lt for
granted that the paternalistic Postmaster-General at Ottawa had shut
out the Appeal for the purpose of fostering Canadian Industry, he picked
up about 160 subs, for the Western
Clarion on his way down. All of which
goes to show that the ways of Providence are past finding out except to
those who are sanctified to the cause
of breaking the bread of life to the
hungry heathen wandering in the Jungle of capitalist civilisation.
The subject for the regular missionary prayer-meeting was "The North
American Indian," and after the pastor had eulogised upon the oppression
of the noble red man, especially the
manner ln which his lands were taken
from him, he called upon a deacon to
lead in prayer. That worthy promptly responded, and, after the usual preliminaries, delivered himself thus:
"O, Lord, we pray for the poor Indian. We have taken away his land.
Help us, O Lord, to give him the Christian religion, which is much better."
have got a Boost.   Others   have   got
there by methods that I have Scorned.
From now on I am a Deep-Dyed VII
lain."
As a preliminary disguise to deceive
the Public he Joined a Church and took
a great Interest ln the Sunday School.
No one was engaged In such Pious
Works. The Heathens of the far east
owed the formation of many Missionary Societies to his efforts. For the
funds he became Treasurer. Old Women came to the Benevolent Wonder
for advice a* to how to leave their
Property. Owing to his reputation as
a Saint, smooth con men begged for
his Assistance In working land and
stock Deals on the Unsuspecting Public. He could procure more Insurance
on a stock than any man in Town. The
money flowed in a Steady Stream into
concerns that were privileged to use the
Magic of his Name, Some of them
Succeeded in spite of the fact that
they were started oo the "get-rlch-
qulck" basis. As the Wonder had no
conscience, and a heart like the Material convicts break for Amusement, he
never hesitated when lt came to Taking the Widow'a Mite or the Orphan's
Heritage.
Before the Paragon realised where
he was at, his name got in the Newspapers. While he was expecting a Penitentiary Sentence every minute, he
found that the world Insisted on looking up to him as a Saint, who could
land the money Every Time.
In addition to his other Investments
he purchased a Beautiful Wife, who
became the Unconscious Partner In
his criminal schemes.
When the crash came he had wisely
got from under, and hired a lot of
legal liars, who kept his reputation
spotless as the driven snows.
Moral—If you want to become a successful thief Invest ln a suit of Lamb's
Wool.—Socialist Spirit.
This Information, received by several
thousand Canadians, has caused a sudden awakening from that slumber In
which they dreamed thoy lived I" «
free country. They now know that
there Is a ruling class here as elsewhere, and that the clnse struggle Intensities dally.
And so this "public servant" becomes the self-appointed "press censor," and tells us that he forbids our
reading the Appeal because In his opinion it contains "scurrilous and seditious
articles."
Slowly the knowledge Is being pounded Into our sluggish brains that governments are simply committees appointed by the ruling c'ass to attend
lo their legislative interests, and we
aro gradually being kicked and cuffed
Into the understanding that courts and
colleges, pulpits and police, mllltla and
press, are the Instruments by which
the capitalist class fashions public
opinion and maintains Its rule over the
masses. Why should lt be otherwise?
Why should the ruling class fashion
Its political and Intellectual Institutions
so as they would oppose Its Interests"
We know through the revelations of
Lawson, Russell and others, and by the
"Insurance Investigations," that many
of the "leaders of men" of "the land
of the tree" hnve been convicted of
being among the most brazen thieves
und perjurers of the age, and yet because they hnve the cash and Intlu
ence they arc free. And we knew there
are hundreds of men and women In
Jail for stealing food to keep themselves or their children from starving.
Not long ago two victims of Camullan
"prosperity" were In Vancouver given
six months with double leg Irons for
the crime of sleeping In a C. P. R
box-car and being without money,
friends or work.
The articles objected to by our Can
adlHii "press censor" were those deal
Ing with the famous Moyer-Haywood-
consplracy. These articles were showing up the methods adopted by the
Mine-Owners' Association In order to
crush the Western Federation of Miners through the hanging of Its officers
A special two and a-half million edition of the Appeal was distributed,
showing the details of this Infamous
plot, and It is evident from the action
of our Postmaster-General that the
rulers of Canada consider It against
their Interests that the wage-earners
of this country should see the defence
of their American comrades nnd know-
how plutocracy rules. To reveal to
the public the methods by which the
trusts would crush organised labor Is
"seditious." What Is-it when defenceless men are shot down by troops as
they  were at Couer d'Alenes?
It ls probably quite within the rights
of the mineowners when men are clubbed and bayoneted, shut up ln "bull
pens" nnd driven from their homes and
out of the state because they "struck"
that the eight-hour law might be enforced.
It was not sedition when a protest
was made that this waa unconstitutional, and the reply of General Hell, who
was In charge of the mllltla, was: "To
hell with the constitution. We'll give
them  post-mortems."
It was quite correct In the opinion
of a prostituted press when through
the unsupported "confession" of a man
who acknowledged himself to have
murdered thirty people, Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone were arrested,
handcuffed and rushed nut of the state
through the consent of the Governor
of Colorado, who declared that "these
men would never leave Idaho alive."
It Is the publication of these transactions that has Induced our "press
censor" to suppress the Appeal. Perhaps this Is seditious. This Is for the
masters of the law to decide, and there
ls a strong bond of sympathy developing between the rulers of nations. The
struggle between labor and capital haa
already become International.
The ruling class ls above the law; It
can do no wrong, since the law Is Its
servant, not its master. It Is not murder when last year the railroads of the
U. S. killed and wounded fifty thousand
people, because life la much cheaper
than safety appliances, and over a million workers are killed and maimed
every year for the same reason.
It Is Justifiable in the interests of
trade when, as Charles Russell tells us.
the Beef Trust kills thousands annually with ptomaines and tuberculous
beef; or when, as Professor Myers, of
the U. S. Agricultural Department,
shows us, three million Infants are
poisoned every year with "milk and
soothing syrup."
It Is no crime against humanity when
armies of working men are sent out
to slaughter one another on the battle-
Held for the good of trade or the
acquirement of territory or mining
property, but it is "seditious" to blame
the managers of our social lite when, In
spite of their prayers and preaching,
prohibitions and reforms, pauperism
and misery, theft and prostitution,
murder and suicide sre on the Increase,
and the whiskey bill per capita on this
continent has doubled in the last twenty-three years. The ruling class ls
above the law In Canada also. In
spite of the antl-allen law, a band of
Chicago toughs were taken to Winnipeg to "settle" the street-car strike,
also a car-load of enterprising females from Seattle were sent to Vancouver to break the strike of the telephone girls.
If the Appeal Is to be suppressed, why
not suppress Wilshire's, Everybody's,
Success, Collier's and other periodicals
that exposo the methods of the powers
that be and defend the W. F. of Miners by publishing the facts of the case?
If the political tools of Canadian corporations can prohibit the Appeal from
this country, then what becomes of our
boasted "free speech and free press?"
If the mine owners, backed by the
Standard OH Company, can hang Haywood and Moyer on purchased evidence, then organised capital, through
their Judicial, military and police hirelings, can hang or shoot any or all who
stand ln their way, and If they prefer
to operate behind a mask of law and
should run out of fake witnesses, they
have all the tools at hand by which
laws can be made to order. Thousands
of Canadians are now signing a pro
OUR
Cascade Beer sells all
Queen Beer Over the
Ale and Stout    Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
 FKOMPT SAI.K8
QUICK KKTIkNS
AM. »1'SIN»88 STtlCTLV CONFIDKNTIAI.	
w. furnival <a CO.
AUCTIONEERS, APPRAISERS. REAL ESTATE ANO
COMMISSION AGENTS.
LARGEST   MART   IN   VANCOUVER
Cor. Abbott <k\ Cordova 8ta. Old Cos. Building.
test against the action of the Postmaster-General. Hla action la nothing
less than a personal Insult to every
self respecting man and women in
Canada.
B. C. Is a mining country, and all tha
miners are either members of or sre tn
sympathy with the Western Federa-
tlon. They all read the Miners' Magazine the organ of the Federation.
This will probably be the nest to fall
before our "press censor."
This Moyer-Haywood plot Is opening
the eyes ot the public, and we hear
everywhere the muttering of the coining storm, which will not end until the
capitalistic and competitive wage ays-
tern has been swept away. H-unlng
the branchea with reform*, Is useless.
"The axe must be laid unto the root
of the tree."
Why should millions of men, worn n
and children be compelled to atrugglt
for a life more beastly than that of
brutes, to sicken and rot In crowded
slums, while millions of square miles
of fertile lands and forests are held
by the "land hog" for speculative purposes? Why do money-mad men with
millions fight like fiends for other millions which can only curse tbem and
their children?
They do not even see that their millions arc the unpaid wagea of the producer: that their prosperity means tbe
Increasing misery of the masses, and
that capitalism must, In the nature of
things, destroy itself by breeding revolt.
Egypt and Babylon went down when
two per cent, of the people owned the
nation. Wall Street reports tell us
that 17,000 trust magnates now own
one hundred billion of wealth, which
meana tbat less than one-tenth of one
per cent, owns nine-tenths of the
wealth of the United States. While
government reports Inform us that
nearly ninety per cent, of the laboring
class are without property, and that
the number out of employment haa
doubled during the last three years,
and is increasing constantly.
The masters have never yet freed
their slavea willingly, and tbe change
Is coming and muat come from the under world of the poor. It will, therefore, not be a reform, but a revolution,
which will once and for all abolish
class rule and the claaa atruggle and
give us peace and plenty, where now
we have only want and chaos. 'The
times are ripe and rotten ripe for
change."
Socialists everywhere should devote
all their spare time and every tent
they can command In promoting their
cause of freedom. They should realise their great responsibility, conduct
themselves so aa not to bring reproach
to their cause, and ever remember that
they are the element* out of which the
fires of revolution must forge the foundations of the new world.
DR. W. J. CURRY,
Chlllwack, B. C, May »th, U0«.
This is Our
Proposition
without reservation of any kind.
The choice of hundreds of men's su-
perbly tailored aad faulil.-w-.lv ru*h-
ioned $1 "*■ to 120 Suit* for
$10.00
Full and complete line* in almost
every style — garments that »-.-«
made to sell at almost twi.e it*
price* now asked for them are htn
in 0 profusion of styles and tab-let.
Never In-fore waa our claim, nt
,sriv« most lor your money," so clear-
Iv iVmonstrated.
KILROY, MORGAN CO.. Ltd.
IBURNS & CO.
HARDWARE aad
Second Hand Dealer
Cook Stov.-s and Tools a
Specialty.
We buy aad aell all kinds of
acrap metal, old machinery.
rubber, sacks.  botUos, «tc.
8tor*n—188 Cordova St., E.,
hardware A junk. 101 Powell
St., aew and •scond-haod fur
nlture.
Hit
i.e.
PHONE,  A1676
Tancouver Ezta,
Employment   and   Financial Agents.
Ileal  Relate
Expert* and
Brokers.
Bu«in<w»
Room 9, Miller Block.
23 Cordova St, Vancouver,
IM*
Let the Clarion print your
printing.   Tel. 824.   Box 836.
LEE t MORGAN
Telephone 3391.
Sanitary Expert*. Plumbing In all
ita branchea. Estimates furnished.
Repair*, stove connection*, etc
CHARGES REASONABLE
•M ItSTmimt ML, tam, *t ft*.
C    PETERS    Practical »9«i
u. rc.ic.no mMmIMk
Hand-Mac!-- Boots and Shoes to order In
sll atrlaa.   Sepalting promptly and neat.
ly done.    Stock  or staple  ready-made
Shoes always on hand.
Klean KoolKitchens
Kitchen drudgery Is reduced to a minimum when OAS Is used for
fuel, it takes only HALF THE TIME to prepare meala as compared
with coal and wood rangea, and the kitchen la COOL, and comfortable
to work In.    TCLCrwQNC II
and our representative will call, measure your premises and give you
an estimate of cost of installing gas.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd
■■■•

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