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The Western Clarion Sep 1, 1906

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 THE
I M U 1«
-.   -nicr.
388.
STERN  CLARION
blished in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, September 1, 1906.
•abwriptiea Priea
Par. Taaa
Sl.00
THE AUSTRALIAN LABOR PARTY
How the Workingmen of the Island Continent Were Forced
by Economic Pressure to Abandon Former Line of Action
and Resort to the Use of Their Political Power.
Once more the Allen Ijabor Iaiw
hus been tried and found wanting,
[Ins timo by the Winnipeg plumbers,
mt tho iosaon ia not yet learnt,
f'l rnde Unionism ia alow to enter politics. In Britain it took the Tan"
ile decision to bring thia about, in
ilie United States it is "governmciii
by injunction" that is practically responsible for sturllng the halting
l.-utstept of "organized labor" on
i he road to lilierty, in Australia it
was the Colorado-like treatment ol
striking miners in I MUI that did it.
II.,» much more will tho long-sufler-
ing Canuck stand before he too
minkes u start on that journey which
however many mistakes, however
many delays, leads at last to the
. H operative Commonwealth? Below
is the account of the Australian
I.'ior Party's entrance into politics,
written by Charles Edward Hussull
in the current number of Every-
'...dy's It will Im- seen thut nis
p.my is >et u long wuy from the
Socialist position, and has dune no
Hung as yet to free the workers frou<
» uge-slavery, but time will show its
member* the futility of reforms, even
,( honestly carried out, while a mas-
ler class holds the metins of lift).
Before 1H91 Australia had no Lev
hor Party worth anyone's bothering
about. Labor cut ao figure in poli-
i.lcs und promised to cut none. Aus-
•n-Ha leaders were like our own and
.i MMiumgrd political action, seemingly lieing of thc cheerful faith thut
what labor wanted would lie handed
down from the skies ready made, like
so much pie. All laboring men were
uiiuually daftcd nnd footed by the
tame old Punch nml Judy show of
the regular parlies They were Lib-
.■I iis or Ciiservalives. as in Ainer-
Hii they are llepublicans or Dcmo-
i i.its, snd never etopnod to notice
thnl whether Liberal* or Conscrvn-
Uves won made not an iota of difference to any existing condition,
and that while they were dutifully
oil Ing themselves hoarse in the
ii.rtv ranks, all social ills grow
sU-aditj** worse. Hut in 1H1I1 came
the gn-ut strikr at Broken Hill, nnd
Is-fore the history making event the
pn-cedenta went watt.-ring.
Broken llill is the silver mlnins
n-gion in New South Wales. Ore is
11.umlaut there, but has so much
lead that pro|>orly it is a guleita containing silver. Now. Iiecuuse of this
hiid predominance miners working in
ihe Broken llill drifts became "lead-
.1 " That is to say they were uf-
llicled with the most terrible forms
ol lead poisoning. Lead got int..
'heir systems and often crippled
'lieiti for life. Paralysis or other
i.iilful mnliidies assaiUsI them, or
they became emaciated, hollow-eyed,
touched with a horrible pallor, dc-
vitalited, unable to lift their hands
.iliove their hips, and so, maimed
nnl twisted out of humanity's shajs
i rawlod on to die.
"Living is expensive in every mining country. In Broken llill thc
wagea of miners were $2.SO a day—
Mith privilege "of lieing leaded. On
theso wages It. was impossible for th.
 st thrifty to support their families and lay by any store against]
the inevitable dnrk day of lead poisoning. So the hoys nnd girls went
to work when they should have been
at school, or were driven from home
In earn what th.-y could in the cities
ul elsewhere. I suppose you know
what that means in our Is'iiutiful
.'•'.stein of civilization.
Meanwhile the companies that
owned the mines were doing right
well, thank you. Ono of them wus
.-tearing g.VKl.OtlO n month. I know
lhat sounds like nn exaggeration,
'"it It is a recorded fact. In ono
year It mndo u profit of M.O0Q.O0O
■one of lho companies. No 'loading'
went  with these dividends.
The  mon,   privileged   to  work for
12.80 n duy and  paralysis,  tried  in
various  ways to  lictter  their condition.   Ono of the ways was to form
ii union.   You hnve heard much from
labor  organizations.    I   invito  your
nttention  to  thn  record  of  this  union.    An  agreement   was  made  with
the companies' for two years of worH,
ut  «.2.r>0 |kt dny and paralysis, nil
dispute* to    be roforrod to arbitration, tho men not. to strike nnd tho
ciunpanlos not to onforco a lockout.
The agreement hnd been In force not
long when the companies notified the
men of a now basis of pay for mining  'stopo'   (tho space  between tho
levels of a mine), thnt would amount
to a reduction of wages.   Tho miners
ohleotml  and  nskod  for arbitration.
Tho companies  refused  to arbitrate
"nd gnvo notice    thnt    thirty days
from date  lho  agreement   would tie
terminated nnd tho companies would
mnko with tho minors such torma as
•hoy saw fit.
Whereupon tho minors struck.
Vested   interests,     rcprosonted    by
• ho mine managers, responded. In a
uiuimor rather unusual In Australia,
where, I nm told. It was once cua-
• oinnry  In enso  ot a  strike to "call
out tho rullltln and have them
'ho legs off tho strikers.'
spiring to provent men from following their usual vocation). And how?
l»y establishing a picket Hue llist,
and then by issuing coupons thut doubled tho strikers to got food ut
certain grocery stores.
Thu strike leaders wore not disturbed ut this. They did not see
how issuing orders for food to the
needy constituted conspiracy. Moreover, tho sentiment of ull thu region
about was with the strikers 'paralysis not being held thero to bo udo-
•pniic Compensation for u minor's labors^, und tho leaders received
boundless ericuurugcuiciit from locul
resources. But Vested Interests, recognizing this untoward condition in
Broken llill. went quietly to work,
secured a change uf venue, uud sei/v-
cd tho accused ineii by night, whisked them to a buck woods corner of
tho colony where a jury could be del-ended upon to bo safe, sane and
conservative. Thero five of the six
leaders wero promptly convicted und
sunt to prison.
"Hut one factor in thc cusc Vested
Interests had overlooked. Tho strike
loaders were safely in jail, but public
opinion wus still at large, and public opinion was now aroused in a
wny new to thc colony. Mon thnt
had no kind of sympathy with
strikes or strikers bitterly resented
the treatment these leaders had received, us bitterly as if thc wrong
hud been done to themselves, for hem
was one of the aggressive and overt
acts of tyranny thut in other ages
had piled the barricades in the
streets and lined thc sidewalks with
the dead. Homo way wus needed to
express thc indignation of the outraged community. There cumo on
soon a general election. Some one
suggested thut thc condemned men of
Hml en llill should be nominated for
parliament. The idea took root ; it
seemed to offer an opportunity for
the smoldering protest ; in the end
not only these men but many others
representing* their cause were placed
in nomination, and when the elections were over it was found that
thirty-five labor men had been Aetna
to the Now South Wales parliament-
And that was the Ix-ginniug of thc
Lahor Party in Australia.
"lieing thus by circumstances and
fate projected Into tho political field
as a living force, the new party began to agitate for the reforms that
did not now seem so hopeless us in
the old days they hud ■earned. lt
stood for advanced democracy, for
the discouraging of s|s*cial privilege,
for opposition to ull kinds of monopoly, for laws thut would give workingmen n chance for their lives in
loud mines and elsewhere. And a' ovc
everything else, it took Up thc fight
against tho crushing land monopoly,
it stood for a tax system thut would
check the ravenous land hunger of
rich men and for the public resumption of thc public domain.
*'Ou these lines it gathered strength
year uftor year, it exorcised great influence in thc froming of the new constitution, it secured for thut instrument many democratic features. And
it was rewarded with tho fierce and
undying hutrod of the entire landed
society, capitalist nnd reactionary
(lasses.
"In our country wo fool tho people
with  some  pretended  differences between ono party called the Hopubli-
cun  and     another called     thc     Do-
mocrutic.      In     Australia     the    influences and interests thnt fatten upon existing conditions fool  the ikso-
ple   with     pretended     differences  between  men  thai   suy  Ihey  want   pro*
taction nnd men that say they want
free trade,    ln the midst  of this excellent fooling appear the men ihut
want only power and secure it.   Pro-
tistionist's and Free Traders (so-culled)   wero so dl*dd»d  in  the  Australian parliament    that     neither could
gain a majority without tho   1-ubor
Party.    A succession of governments
bowled   over    by  labor  votes  drove
this hard  fart  into tho political  intelligence.     Tho    Labor   Party   was
thon invited to take the government.
For five months mon thnt had been
carpenters, brick layers and printers
administered tho nation's affairs. No
convulsions  of nature    followad,  no
upheavals  and     no  disasters.    It  is
oven  admitted  thnt  tho  government
of theso men was conspicuously vv ise,
able nnd successful.      But having n
minority party their wny was nccos-
surllv proenrious. and on tho chance
blow' of an adverse vote thoy resigned     Some  scene    shifting  followed,
but   in tho ond tho present nrrnngi-
mt'tit wns reached, by which tho government   is in the hands of the 1 ro-
tectionisls    that follow Mr. Ponkln,
and the ministry is supported by the
labor  l'nrtv on  tho condition IJint
the  government, adopt certain legislation.    And    that  Is  the extent
tho absolute rule of the Labor gang.
Tho   Doakln    government
thc
Dcakin or other ministries, indicates
an exceedingly gentle order of revolution. It has done much in New
South Wales and elsewhere to mitigate the groat estate evil by enacting graduated land taxes ; It has
passed humane anil reasonable laws
regulating employers' liability for
accidents to workmen and laws
greatly bettering the hard condition
of labor in mines and factories, lt
has passed a law to exclude trusts
from Austrulian soil. It has stood
for ei-unl rights for men and women.
In New South Wales it has enormously bettered conditions for toilers by regulating hours of employment even in department and other
stores and by instituting a weekly
half-holiday the year round for everybody. It has tried to abolish
strikes with a defective Arbitration
and Conciliation Act. To guard Australia against the sobering terrors
of thc race problem that confronts
America, it has succeeded in keeping
out colored aliens. It has agitated
for a Henry George land tax and for
the national ownership of public services und obvious monopolies. And
with one exception this is the full
catalogue of its misdeeds."
And this exception was the abolition of slavery in Queensland which
existed up till six years ago. The
Queensland sugar planters payed
"recruiters" $100 for every head of
"lubor" the ruffians could steal and
land in Queensland. Thc unfortunate
Kanaka "laborers" worked for a
term of years for "wages"—$30 a
year, if the.v lived a year, but the
death rate was very high. Of course
this was not slavery, oh, no?' This
truffle in human beings went under
the name of "indentured labor trade'
just as the Chinese slavery in South
Africa is "coolie labor," but it was
slavery nevertheless, and it is to the
undying honor of the Australian Labor Party that its abolition was due
to its efforts.
SPARTACUS.
AMKRICAN RAILWAY PROPERTY
According to a bulletin issued by
the United States Census Bureau,
thc actual value of railway property
in that country mounts up to $11,-
244,852,000. This is exclusive of
I'ullman cars, whose value aggregates $51,000,000, and private cars
vulued at $72,000,000. Thia ia all
very well only the census bureau ia
somewhat off in its reckoning. The
value does not lie in the railwaya,
but In the hide and carcass of the
army of slaves whose services the
railway owners are able to command
by virtue of this ownership. This
army of slaves are such bandy cusses at doing things that they eern
enough over and above their wages
to enable the owners to realize the
normal rate* of profit upon the sum
of eleven and a half billion dollars.
While this fabulous value appears to
lodge in the railway it in fact rests
in the working men who operate
them. The income of the holders of
stocks ami bonds in the railwata
merely represents what the owners
get out of tbe workers for nothing.
It is merely what they steal (rom
those whom the present system of
property places at their mercy,
o
In a German dependency in South
Africa, a native boy waa recently
accused of a petty theft. Be persist,
cntly declared his innocence. By direction of the Governor he was imprisoned, tortured to make him confess, received twenty-five lashes and
was suspended from a flag-staff under a burning sun and left to perish
from thirst, the Governor in the
meantime mocking his cries for water. Glorious, indeed, is the reign of
"law and order."
CASE FOR SOCIALISM CLOSED
IV. W. J. Curry of ChKwack Deab Exhaustively With General Bime/s Objection to Socialism and His Labored
Criticism of its Principles and Propaganda.
INFLUX OF BRITISH OBJECTS
is—■—■—m—■—«—■*■■■■
A Flood of Cheap  Asiatic Labor   Being Poured into the
Province from India Much to the Satisfaction of the
Capitalist and  the Discomfiture of the Dock "Work-
... «ng Plug". ■ <■-
of
does  not
I,nbor Party nor
grontlv cine for the lADOr rarty ...
forth..  l.,.t.or  Pnrty'l  ideas   bu     t
rules bv reason of tho I^ihor Party h
mpport.  and In return  *^°'%"T*
paused certain mo.le.ato and woll-ln-
tentioneii monsuros of jetont
o sum total of t
Thcmlnolvolutlomtry. radical, and Socialistic
,,         ...o lenders' laws' passei
arrested.'" What "for?   Why,  for con- rectly  or    by
-can   iem.iu.iu>. ...."•—■- . lh   ,,
.hoot      "Indeed, tho rntm total of the    ro-
, m,„o   volutlonory, radical, and «™g"»"
wnoVThnd rtTof'ttTiHto leaders' laws' passed by the Labor 1 urty.*
bargaining
with   the
Thc wny tho cadnvorous looking,
tiirluinn.il native of British India is
arriving upon these shores would in-
dilute that the aspirations of Vancouver's famous 100.000 club are to
bc more speedily realised than even
the most optimistic individual
dreamed a fow months since. They
arc coming by the hundreds and
form a no doubt welcome addition
to the supply of labor in the market
which, ns every ono knows who rendu
the lying capitalist press, has lieen
far short of the amount necessary to
properly carry' on the industries of
the country.
The somewhat emaciated, attenuated nnd cadaverous appearance of
those swarthy skinned Asiatics is
due to their having enjoyed the beni-
ficences and lieatitudcs of the rule ol
British capital in their native land
ever since thoy were born. Small
wonder thnt they bring with thorn to
theso shores nn exceedingly "loan
nnd hungry look." However, when
they have been here long enough to
have BtOwed awuy in their interiors a
fow "squares" of that filling and fat-
producing provender which is so fashionable among British Columbia
'working pluc " they will 110011111*88
get enough meat o. their bones to
enable them to plump up sufficiently
to hold a job in face of tho competition  of  their  white-skinned  follow
British objects.
Of courso these natives of India
nro being brought hero b.v tho need
of cheap and docile labor upon tho
part of tho propertied interests of
this country. Just now thero is a
little spurt on in most industries
which hns absorbed probably tho
greater portion of tho lubor that is
usually a surplus in the market and
from which employers could draw in
case thoir workmen became too 1m-
portunnto in tho matter of wages or
Inclined to resent the impositions
and exactions of tho boss. Tho result has been a slight advanco in
wages in some linos of work and an
increusod disposition among tho
workors to refuse to submit to the
ustiiil potty tyrannies of the employer without making a kick. Much
complaint has lieen made of late ln
regard to tho unsuffornblo independence of the "Chink." This usually
docile slave hns not been slow to
discover his opportunity, whilo labor
is somewhat tn demand, to obtain
nn increase of wages and under the
stimulus of those more favorable conditions of the labor market ho has
become quite "saucy" and independent. This haa of course, greatly
scandalized tbe smug employing class
that have looked upon, "John Chinaman" as their heaven-ordained slave,
the excellence of whose services was
greatly augmented by his meekness
and docility.
lt is true the organized workers
are even now making loud complaint
against what they term the "Sikh
invasion." They are calling upon
the powers that be to put a stop to
it. They overlook the fact that the
powers to whom they appeal, and
the property interests which profit
by the influx of this cheap and docile labor are identical. Their appeal thus of necessity must fall upoi)
deaf ears. If the workers of this or
any other country desire the exclusion of people from other lands they
must first take possession of the
reins of government in order to effect their purpose and enforce their
will.
So long as capitalist property
rules, so long will the cheapest labor obtainable bo utilised for industrial purposes regardless of the wish
es of those workers whose material
conditions may be forced to lower
levels  in consequence.
It is well known that the Asiatic
und the western peoples cannot as-
simulate. When they come in contact either one or the other must
predominate. The introduction of
tho Asiatic into western civilization
hns a marked deleterious effect and
vice versa. But capitalism la no
respecter of persons, creeds, institutions, racial characteristics or anything else. It only knows profit and
to obtain it will trample under foot
all other considerations.
if the workers of British Columbia
object to tho further introduction of
Asiatic labor they might as well
keep thoir objections to themselves
as to expect by voicing them to Induce the present ruling class to erect!
bars against it.
Father Vaughan, a Catholic priest
of old England, Is going after the
morals of tho rich of that country,
hammer and tongs. Well, they need
it bad enough.—S. P. Herald. So
long ns the priest, or any one else,
confines his attack to their morals
and leaves their worldly possessions
and powor untouched, no serious
harm will accrue to the rich. If
vou want to hoar them squeal,
though, Just assault their pocket-
books.   That will bring lt.
General Birney tells us why Socialism cannot be adopted. He informs
that "it would be the most gigantic trust ever conceived by the
mind of man," and asks the question
which he answers in the negative,
"Will the holders of property constituting the majority of adult male
population of the United States surrender it without consideration to
the Socialist Party?"
Were the conditions aa postulated
one would re-echo "No," but our
friend's premise is entirely incorrect.
In the merging of interesu in the
modern trust the consideration received is stock in the combined interests, and when the time arrives for
the change this "gigantic trust" will
be formulated in accordance with the
best interests of tbe workers.
It will pay to be a shareholder in
this trust, representing the wealth of
the nation. It will pay to have production carried on for use Instead of
for profit. It will pay for us to replace competition with co-operation
and to abolish tbe necessity of having parasites and paupers.
General Birney s statement that
the holders of property constitute th.
majority of adult male population it
incorrect, as I before pointed out.
The United States census reports
of 1900 prove that only 31.8 per
cent, of the sixteen million families
of that country own a home. In
1600 this percentage was 84.4. We
are rapidly becoming a propertyless
people.
Mr. Thomas Shurman in the Forum
of January, 1901, showed that 1.4
per cent, of the population of Am
erica owned 70 per cent, of tbe actual producers of wealth were without property.
Socialism proposes that these propertyless producers, already constituting the great majority, should
vote themselves into power and become shareholders in this gigantic
modern trust.
General Birney has such an exalted opinion of the intelligence of the
wage-earner that he believes when
this is suggested, "Socialism will not
have enough followers to give it a
decent burial."
The second question he asks and answers in the negative is : "Are Socialists strong enough to take the
property belonging to the capitalist
class by force?"
He doubtless means the force of
franchise, since this is the method
that revolutionary Socialists propose.
We admit that 400,000 votes cannot overthrow a capitalist government of the United States, but we
know that the same economic forces
that increased the Socialist vote ove*
400 per cent, in the last four years
are daily gaining in momentum Ond
speed.
The labor market is preparing the
soil and the propagandists of Socialism are gaining in strength and Increasing in number every day.
General Birney correctly shows
that the state could never purchase
the capital now owned by the ruling
class, but there is a factor he has
failed to take into consideration :
Socialists cannot succeed at the
polls without the previous existence
of a severe and lasting financial depression and a panic of thia magnitude muat have such an effect on
Wall street that the "sixty-four billion honest money," that we ami told,
the capitalist class owns, will shrink'
into a fraction of its present aqueous proportions. When capital becomes unproductive what will be the
incentive to oppose Socialism?
The producers of wealth, when in
power, will probably object to purchasing that which it produced and
is entitled to without compensation;
and by legal enactment restoratian
will put on end to the "confiscating"
and " dividing-up" performances ably
which are now tho special ties of the
capitalist class.
How some of this sixty-four billion
honest money'has been secured Mr.
Thomaa Lawson has informed us in
revealing the methods of acquiring
"Amalgamated   Copper."
Legislative power haa in the past
forced the Church of Rome to disgorge certain vested rights in various European countries, and it appears that even General Birney took
part in that "un-American" act of
confiscating the property of the
southern slave-owners, so that the
Socialist Party will have numerous
precedents to guide them in the exercise of their prerogatives.
Truly that ancient document signed by George Washington * Company may need revising. What if it
does? The will of the people is the
only "constitution." Dead men must
not rule the living. But who are the
rightful owners ot this sixty-four billion? Ijibor is thc sole source of
all wealth ; to whom does it belong?
Let Herbert Spencer reply : "It can
never be pretended that titlea to
land are legitimate. Violence, force
and cunning, these are the sources to
which these titles may be traced.
The original deeds were written with
the sword. Blows were the current
coin, and tor the seal, blood was
used."
But you soy    "this property has
been held legally for centuries." Yes,
held according to the law which it is
thc exclusive privilege of the holders
of this property to enact and enforce.
Spencer asks the question : "How
long does it take wrong to grow into a right, and at what rate per annum do invalid titles become valid?"
Con General Birney tell us the
date in which this sixty-four billion
became the honest property of that
class who through violence, fraud,
and cunning confiscated the products
of labor and monopolized the bounties of nature?
"But," you    say,  "the wage-earners are willing to work for what tbey
receive and    the    capitalist enables I
tbem to earn a living."
Docs ignorance of being robbed
transform a robbery into an honest
acquirement ? Does the previous
sand-bagging or a man change what
would otherwise lie a robbery into
an act of benevolence?
Ia it less a crime to compel a man,
through the forces of hunger and
poverty and hunger, to deliver
four-fifths of what he produces than
it ia %o hold up a man at the muzzle
of a gun?
THE" CHANCES  OF A WAGE-
EARNER UNDER CAPITALISM.
General Birney telle us that "few
will favor the abolition of a system
that enables tbe poorest boy to rise
to the highest position and where
the laborer of today may be the millionaire of tomorrow."
This is the glittering prize that the
supporters of capitalism hold out to
the paupers and wage-slaves of today.   What is it worth?
The truth is that the conditions
which have produced millionaures are
about ended, but wh»t chance would
the average citizen have, even did
tbe same opportunities still exist?   ,
There are eighty million people in
the United States and only 8,000
millionaires, so that our friend's
"may be" amounts to only one
chance in 10,000!
From census reports of 1900 we. see
that a citizen of America haa only
one chance in twenty-six of even own*
ing a home: while he has 600 chances
of being a pauper to one of being
a millionaire!
For this chance we should support
capitalism. For this we should oppose a system under which we would
all be shareholders in the means of
production, ami where the average laborer through tbe elimination of profit and competition would have a
purchasing power equal to at least
four times what hc haa today!
General Birney next tells us there
are "no antagonistic classes in the
United States today."
Let the wage-earners of Colorado
and Chicago answer him. No class
struggle? Why. the war between labor and capital grows more intense daily and in no country on
earth is the dividing line between the
class owning the capital, and the
class depending on wages so clearly
defined as in the United States! The
possibilities of the poor man of today being the millionaire ot tomorrow or ot the affluent stock gambler
being suddenly swept into the seething vortex of thc wage-system but
emphasizes the fact that the bourgeoise and proletariat exist in America. It is not a matter of ancestors or "smock frock," but of cash,
and the Dollar is omnipotent.
General Birney tells us that "as
long as Socialists fight shy of the
practical part of their program aad
deal with sentrmentalism it will have
amiable listeners, hut whenever it
declares its real purpose It will not
have enough followers lo give it a
decent burial," and in the very next
column of his article he shows us
how the revolutionary Socialists of
',Belgium and Germany are a "reason-
liberal party doing a good
work." In the last paragraphs of
his discourse he utterly demolishes
the edifice he so laboriously erected.
He tells us that "in Belgium, Socialism by a natural process has become co-operative. They have obtained for bodies of workmen the full
products of their labor. They have
organized associations whore the capitalist is not needed and where the
middlemen are dispensed with." He
tells us that "these workmen are successful, industrious, and temperate,"
and yet he filled whole pages showing us how it could not be done, and
that thero would be no way of giving labor the full product of its toil,
and that co-operative industry would
n the "re-establishment of slavery!"
What a wonder that when co-opera-*
tion was proposed in Belgium Socialism left enough followers to
"give it a decent burial!"
The policy of the Socialist Party,
in all countries, is to improve the
condition of tho working class. Cooperative associations may work In
Belgium, hut tho time for them In
thla domain is past. In vari -ue
countries thero are variationa in the
industrial methods, and these must
determine variations in the processes
by which co-operative Industry is introduced.
(Continued on Beg* Three.)
\l
' TWO
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SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 1, 1906.
IjASOR DAY.
While the European workers have
adopted the First of May as International Labor Day, and celebrate it
as such with or without their employers' permission, it has been left
to thc workers of this continent to
accept, and so far be content with,
a legal Ijabor Day set aside for them
by their capitalist masters. The undoubted object the United States and
Canadian governments had in view
si In establishing the September Labor
Day was to head off the adoption of
May 1st for that purpose, by the
workers of this western continent.
By this ruse the capitalists hoped
to prevent American and Canadian
workmen from falling in line
with their European follows end
then becoming a part of the
only movement of labor that
the ruling class fears, viz.,
the Revolutionary Socialist movement that has set aside the First of
May as the day upon which Labor
shall lay down its tools and proclaim working class fraternity common interest and > solidarity
throughout the length and breadth
of the earth.
For a time this ruse worked with
no small degree of success. Flattered by the condescension of their
masters in thus recognizing their importance* in the scheme of things
and granting them one day out of
365 that they might at least call
their own, the worker* inflated their
chests and devoted the day largely
to the purpose of parading themselves before their kind and condescending masters sy that they might
see what a promising bunch they
were from a profit-making standpoint. This disposition, however, is
now beginning to show signs of serious wear. In fact it is becoming
frayed at the edge. The workers are
no longer disposed to display themselves as merchandise along with
laundry wagons, butcher carts, etc.
They manifest a preference for spend*.
ing the day in sport and pastime,
thus obtaining at least a brief respite frpm their daily drudgery in
the service of thc capitalists, not
only that but hundreds of them are
beginning to think along the same
lines as their European fellows. They
are becomings-imbued with the same
aspirations and hopes, all of which
presages tho approach of the era
when each day in the year shall be
Labor's Day, not by virtue of tho
condescension of masters but because
tbe working class shall havo demonstrated that Labor conquers all
things.
With each succeeding year the
"First of May" becomes more widely recognized as International Labor
Day, and the September date set
aslda in this country by a capitalist
government falls more completely into the back ground. The former set
aside by the working class itself for
the purpose of giving expression to
Labor's determination to emancipate
itself from the domination and exploitation of capital, is of far greater significance to the world's toilers
than all of the holidays ever established by the grace of a ruling class.
BESTIALITY VS. HUMANITY.
For centuries Russia has been the
scene of ruling class bestiality and
unbridled crime, the counterpart of
which has not been recorded in history. Language cannot depict the
outrage, agony and horrors which
havo been perpetrated upon the Rus
sian people at the hands of the most
conscionceless, brutal and vicious ml- rule of bestiality may lie broughtto
in the human breast." The enthusi
asm for liberty likewise .never dies
It springs eternal in the human
breast in spite of all the efforts of
brutes, fiends and tyrants to smother it. In the awful fires of centuries
of tyranny, rapacity and brutalit
has been forged a Russian peasant
nnd proletarian class the Btrength of
whose moral fibre, and whose unselfish devotion to Liberty's cause cannot but command the admiration of
every soldier in thft;army of Frieedom
throughout the civilizodTworld. And
Who shall say that these Russian
peasants and proletarian are not
courageous mon ; mon of moral fibre,
men of the loftiest aspirations and
Tiost noble purpose, in their heroic
struggle ngninst those evil forces
that have so long held harmful sway
over the Russian millions and heaped,
untold  brutalities upon them?
With tho dissolution of the Douma
the last promise made by the autocracy to the peasants and workmen',
for relief from thoir miseries, was
broken. Tho last hope for a peaceful loosening of the bonds that tortured their flesh was shattered. Tho
only promise left unbroken wns tho
bayonet, tho sabre, the knout and
Siberia. The only alternative loft
was to pit their strength in mortal
combat against that of the Czar amd
his minions, and right nobly have
they risen to the occasion. The despatches bring daily accounts of their
heroic deeds. One day thirty or forty
of thc Czar's henchmen and police
are sent on th?ir . long journey by
means of a bomb judiciously placed.
The next day a boss cutthroat at
Warsaw is shot to death while riding along the street in his carriage;
while another uninformed ruffian and
murderer is giVfn what is coming to
him by five well placed shots from a
revolver in tho hands of a courageous*
young woman. And so the good wor
goes on and must go on until the
rule of centuries of bestiality is
brought to an end nnd humanity
stands triumphant.
Nobly have they risen to the occasion. True, the smug capitalist world
will bc horror stricken l-ccause  a  tewi
cutthroats and ruffians of   the  ruling
class are passed over tho divide by
a bomb explosion, or perchance by a
dagger  thrust   or   revolver  shot    in
their dirty backs.    They  who  themselves have    murdered by the thousands in order to fasten their thieving clutches  upon  thc throat of the
world's toilers, and whose title deed
to tbe means of production are writ
ten in the blood of Labor, will lust
iiy  cry   "Assassination"   when  som
tool  of tyranny receives an eternit
hoist   at  the hands of the  outrage
Russian workmen and peasant's.     1
spite  of  their  horrified   shrieks    th
fact still remains, that, as humanit
cannot  assert   itself as against  the
rule  of bestiality  that  has  for cen
turies made    of    Russia a veritable
shambles and    slaughter-pen, except
by the removal of tbe Czar and his
instruments from their control of the
Russian life,    and    as    no peaceful
means  of effecting such removal  are
available,    tho    utilization    of any
means,  no matter    how    drastic, is
commendable,   justifiable  and  honorable.   It is in the interest of humanity and  no act  of man can have a
more worthy purpose.
Open combat may be honorable,
provided the combatants are equally
armed, i.e., stand upon an equal footing. But where one is armed to the
teeth while the other is without
weapons o|ien combat becomes merely an exemplification of cowardice
upon thc one hand and foolhardiness
upon the other.
The  Russian  ruling class  like  the
ruling class of    all  countries,  is a
coward  class.    It  skulks  behind   its
cannon and bayonets, and these emblems of its    cowardice are usually
manned    hy   its    paid satraps   and
tools.   It dare not leave Its right to
rule to a free expression of the popular will,    because    it    knows, forsooth, that such an expression would
speedily end  It.    The  right  to  rule
can summon    no moral  warrant to
justify itself.     It   must depend solely,
upon its milAitary armed to the teeth
with every death-dealing device that
the ingenuity of man can devise and
the ingenuity of devils apply to   tho
purpose.    That the Russian Revolutionists    refrain    from    going    up
against thc military machine of  the
ruling clans and being mowed down
like grass before tho scythe,  speaks
volumes for their  wisdom and good
judgment.   Being practically without
arms other than such as they may
bo able to    improvise on the spot,
they are wise ln watching thoir opportunity to    pick oft such of their
enemies  as    they   may  be able   to
reach with the least possible danger
to themselves.   They are dealing with)
tm unscrupulous    and merciless enemy,  and they    owe it not only to,
themselves,    but   to future generations,   to  bc equally     unscrupulous
and    without    mercy.   Strength   to
their arm to win the good fight and
win it speedily, to the end that the
MAKE IT PLAIN.
ing class that ever cursed the earth.
It is said that "hope springs eterna
a close and    humanity emerge from
the long agony of the centuries.
In order to deal intelligently with
the problems that nre being forced
upon human society for solution by
the present system of property in
the means of production, it is imperatively necessary that the working-
111011 understands clearly the nature
of that system of property, its purpose, nnd the position in which it
places himself and his fellow-workers
in the great scheme of human affairs.
Unless guided by a knowledge of
these things he will lie more than
apt to pursue a lino of action that
will rather tend to aggravate mat-
tors than to arrive at anything like
a solution of the difficulties that besot tho pathway of the working-
class. Agitators galore have worn
out their vocal apparatus and tons
of paper and ink have been used in
spreading confusion in the minds of
working people just because the agitators nnd penmen possessed
little or no understanding themselves of that which they professed
to talk or write about. It is
about time that some effort was put
forth to simplify the propaganda and
bring it within reach of the understanding of the working man who because of a wearisome life of toil haa
little timo or inclination to sort
over tons of chaff in order to discover a possible grain of wheat.
Tho present system of projierty is
not difficult to understand if anything like careful observation is
made. He who goes forth to instruct
his follows in regard to Its workings
and offer them advice as to the
course to pursue in order to esc a | slits evils, ought first to equip himself with sufficient knowledge of capitalist property and the present system of production to enable him to
make at least a half-way lucid explanation of it.
The present system of property has
grown up out of those systems that
preceded it, more directly out of the
private ownership of property in the
means of wealth production. As the
implements of production gave way
to the collective property of associated persons termed a corporation,
private property in the means of
production thus became capital, i.e.,
thc means of exploiting labor under
the wage-process.
All men must have access to the
resources of the earth and the means
of converting such resources into the
necessaries of lite in order to prolong their existence. They may have
such access direct or through others,
as the case may be. With the means
of production, i.e., resources of tho
earth and the instruments of labor,
as capital the workers can only obtain that access upon which their
lives depend through, or by permission of the capitalists, the owners.
In order to obtain such permission
they must surrender to the capital
ists their power to labor. Thia
places the capitalists in possession
of the wealth produced by such labor, no matter how large the quantity may be.
The workers having no ownership
in the things upon which they depend for a living, i.e., land and ma
chfnery. arc converted into merely
sellers of labor-power. The capitalists purchase this labor-power to the
extent of the needs and requirements
of their operations. They may at
times purchase the entire available
supply. Then again they may be
able to utilize but a part of it and
the balance remains a drug upon the
market, with the natural tendency of
dragging the price downward.
Capitalist property then divides
society into two hostile camps, masters and slaves. The former ownin«
the means of production upon which
all men depend for a living, the latter owning nothing but their labor-
power which thoy must offer for sale
to the capitalists or starve.
It may be easily seen that these
relations between capitalists upon
tho ono hand and workers upon the
other aro purely a result of the prevailing system of property in the
means of production, U„ land and
tools. No one will dispute the assert
tion that the productive power of
labor Is sufficiently great to enable
the workers to supply themselves
with everything necessary for their
material comfort., provided they can
have access to tho moans of living.
This access^ is denied by the present
system of property, which will allow
them to expend their labor power in
the production of needful things only
at such times aa the capitalists may
be able to realize a profit from tho
transaction. Whatever evil betides
the workingman in so far as obtaining the things requisite to the sustenance of himself and family is con-
.cerned, lt arises merely as a consequence of tbo present .system of property in thc means of production,
which denies him freedom of opportunity to expend his energy in providing himself with needful things.
It is, therefore, puiely a question of
ownership of   the means of produc
tion. Tho needs of the hour, from
tho standpoint of tho woAlngmiin.
demands such a transformation 10
the svstom of ownership us will secure to him the unobstructed right
to exjieiui his energy for the purpose
of providing himself With ths material things necessary to his existence, at ull times and without paying tribute to another for the privilege of exercising such ri^ht.
This meuns that  the  ownership of
the means of production shall be taken out   of the hunds  of  the capit
ulisls and  vested in the community,
be it termed State, Nation, or Commonwealth,  of which  the individual
workman is a part.   With the industries owned and operated democratically,  and  for    the solo  purpose of
producing  the    things   necessary  for
the use and comfort of every citizen
of such a   commonwealth,  no argument  is required to show thnt poverty or the four of it will no longer
curse  the  workingman,   but  the  opportunity will  be absolutely secured
to him of obtaining    for himself b)
his    own    labor    all   of    tho    private     property     necessary    for   his
comfort     and     well-being.       It     Is
time     those       things     were     made
plain     to     the    workingman.     Too
much trash has lieen poured Into his
earn in the name of Socialist propa-
giinda already.   Cut it out.
Tho president of the Real Estate
Trust Company of Philadelphia speculated unwisely with tho funds of
the institution and brought about
its collapse. He wns not only a
good Republican or Iknnocrnt. but
an Al Presbyterian beside*. As he
he commit teit suicide ho is now su|>-
posed to lie having a glorious time
on the other side along with numer
ous other shining lights of capital
ism that huve gone before.
PLATFORM
■ mWa.tnrt*
JUnion   Directory
►     Wh«.*n^M„t;Wh.,rT.,,rM-i
__  Kvtry IMrot Union mo    . .
g» to pl«* ■ crd under ll,,. ^iv Jf !•
Phoenix     Miners'   Union    ■*,-   .
W. F. M.    Meet.,   eve"' •£-*■.
evening at ?,,o o'clock V *- <*'•
hall.     V. Ingram, prct.ld.nt
Plckard, secrctarv
No.
n Mint,,.
• W.A.
The financial statement of the Canadian Pacific Railway for the year
ending June 80. shows net earnings
of almost $23,000,000. "Net earnings" is only another way of saying
"net plunder." This financial state-
mer.t causes the Toronto Sun to refer to it as of "unusual interest to
thc people who provide the traflic on
whi.h the road thrives." It strikes
us that it should lie of greater Interest to the C P. R. employees, out
of whose hides the 23 million was
taken. Thoso tniihc providers got
what  they paid for.
What has happened to all of that
howl and fuss that was being indulged In a few weeks since over the
filthy practices of thc Chicago meat
packers? Why, it has just died out
that's all. The incident is closed and
thc ulTuir forgotten. The cantankerous two-legged ass that was so vociferously braying over tbe Iniquity
of being unsuspectingly fattened on
"'bob veal," chicken, diseased co'
udder, ham, and doughnuts fried in
"working-plug" lard, is now flopping his lip over these time-honored
delicacies with his usual gusto.
Dloor sweepings, dead ruts, tuberculosis and lumpy-jaw taste good to
him once again. He is a noisy cus
when he is stirred up, but he doe
not stay stirred up long. He's do
cile enough between times.
The Socialists of Illinois held their
Statu convention in Chicago on Aug.
ust 26, and nominated a ticket for
tho November election. The platform adopted Is the most wonderful
and complicated jumble of confusion
and crazy notions that It was ever
our evil fortune to run across. To
itiako confusion worse confounded
about a doZc-n ridiculous resolutions
were added to a string of 25 equally
ridiculous palliatives not one of
which, in either esse, has any refer-
once whatever to the movement of
the wago-slavo to break his chains.
The whole mess of trash appears lo
bc tho product of a brain whose
nearest approach to an understanding of Socialism is some sort of a
hazy or half-baked Idea of something akin to a "benevolent feudalism," a dog nursery or an old man's
homo. It is about the worst mess of
trash that ever happened even In
this ago that is especially devoted to
the production of that sort of fodder. It Is both too long and tod
laughable tn be reproduced in thoso
columns. If it is typical of the Illinois movement, capitalism may
well tremble upon its throne— with
laughter.
Our language is the language of
a free people, and fails to furnish
any form of speech by which tho
right of a citizen to work when ho
pleases, for whom he pleases, and on
what terms he pleases, can be successfully denied. — Anthracite Coal
Strike Commission, 1903.
Just the same over hore, too.
Every working man in Canada works
"when ho pleases, for whom he
pleases," and makes his own terms.
The other fellow has nothing to say
about lt. What was that "Anthracite Coal Strike Commission" blowing about, anyway? Those Yanks
must fancy they are exclusively "It."'
The Irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capltaMst and tka
worker Is rapidly culminating In n
struggle for possession «**■•»•*■*
ol government-the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure It by political
action.   This is tha class struffgla.
Therefore, we call npon all workers to organize under ths bannar of
the Socialist Party of Canada vA*b
the object of conquering tha public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as follows:
1. Tha trr»nsformntion aa rapidly
as possible, oi capitalist property In
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, roil*
ways, etc..) into tha collective property ol the workiag claaa.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and .majsagatnont of Industry by tha workors.
8. The esutalrdsment. aa spasdBy
as possible, of production for no*
Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Tarty, when in nines
shall always and everywhere until
lha present system lo abolished.
make the answer to this question tta
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the Interests of
the working doss and old tha workers In their claas struggle againat
capitalism? If It will, tbe Socialiat
Tarty Is for It; if it will not, the
Socialist Party Is absolutely oppoaed to It.
In Sjccordanea with this principle
tha Socialist Party pledges Itself tn
conduct all the public affairs placed
In Its hands tn such n manner aa to
promote the Intereata ol tha working class alone.
We. tha Socialist Parly of Caaada,
In convention aaaamhlsd. affirm our
allegiance to and support of tho prin-
ciplss nnd program of tha International revolutionary working class.
Labor produces ail wealth, and to
labor It should Justly belong. To
tha owners of tha manna of wealth
production belongs tha product of
labor. Tha present economic system la based upon eapitallst owner
■hip of tha means af wealth productloa; therefore all ths products of
labor bolong to ths capitalist claaa.
Iho capitalist Is master; tho worker
Is slave.
So long as tbs capitalists
In pcissmlon of the rains of
ment all tha powers of the stats will
bs used to protect and defend thoir
property rights In the meana of
wealth production nnd their control
of tho product of lnbor.
Tha capitalist system gives to tho
capitalist nn ever-swelllnr stream of
profits, nnd to tbs worker am
increasing nrsNunira of misery
degradation.
Tha Interest of tha working
lies is tha direction of setting Itaatt
free from capitalist exploitation by
the tshplitlon of the wag* system. To
nccompBnh this nucsssltaton tho
transformation of capitalist ptroper-
ty In tha mesne of wealth production Into eollsetlvw or worklng-clnat
property.
J. Edward Bird.    A. C  |tlV(lon ,
Geo. E. McCrossttn '
MRS, MYOON-JAGK I McCROttM
BARKltrrKKH. soih rtoiiH, hi
Tel, 829. P.O. Box, ni.
894 Hastings St. . . Veoeouvor, >a
Soaai fclaj j
ftnw* Every Local of the Hoci-Jtj,
Party of Canada shouht run « e»/-j
under thla head, tl 00 p* moilli
Secretaries please note.
Brlifnb Columbia Provincial I'lm-th.
Committee. 8octaltsl Party of ow.
ada. Meets every alternate Tim*.
day. I). G. McKenzie, Secretin
Box 8j6, Vancouver, B  C.
Dominion Kte-rutl*.- U-mmlttee, fit.
clalist Party of Canada, M-rn
evvry alternate Tuesday, j. &,
Morgan. UecreUt;.. i lUnui
Street. Vancouver, It. C.
I jural VaiM-ou«.r, No. I. s I' ,4 («■»
ada. Huslncas meeting] ...7
Monday evening nt hi iutsnnnoa
Ir.gleslile Block, III <'.in-.ln* strwi,
(room 1, second floor), K*lu<a*
tlonnl no-.tliiit-i every i-'uiula) »t 1
p. m.. lr, Hulilvin 11..ii (V-jott
Street. Erederlc Perry, inv*-:-,**-*.
Box SM. Vancouver. It. C.
Lnt-nl Toronto. 8. P. of 1'    Mwll ■*
ond and fourth Tneadaya, BkWM
Headquarters, IKS', (jueea Simi
West, K. Dale, ■sen lory, II limr-*
Street. Jew l*h Hrar,< h mteti tmtf
Sunday lllghl, sai ,    hall
Local Winnipeg. S. P. nf C. mem
every first .mid third *
Voice office bttitdmfi,   .-n'Rupert
avc,    at    io'jo a   m      J
Secretary,    22ft    Prinrrn   Stmt,
Winnipeg. Man.
*•"
APPLICATION roll MEM-
IIKII8IIIP IN THB SOCIALIST PARTY    Or CANADA.
I, THB UNDERSIGNED,
hereby spply for membership
In Local
 Socialist Party of
Canada,
I recognise the class struggle
between the capitalist claw and
the working clam to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., possession of tha
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workera Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of ths capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate meana the ticket and the
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
APP"cant	
Address <#
Occupation	
Age •
Cltlsen	
Admitted to Local no..
 Chairman.
 Rec.-8ec.
KsUiMMieil  ism.
Tie VOICE
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Paper In <*Minula.
Always n  fearlfio. mi-niif-nt In
tbe < jiu-ie of labor.
for one dollar the paprr »IH
b* sent to any addraaa for "ti.
year.
Worklngm«»n of all eountrtei
will  Boon     rerun lit."     Ih*- f»rt
that they    must    support and
read their labor pH|x-r»,
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• PARTY MATTERS
AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
jgjjjgjjg *JLim> tAi^pyi^rilOTi^
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M
Tii.-He
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ilisposul of the Party. Bccretarlen
tiocalfl ur**-' requested to   tnke ad~
[vantage of them In,  at intervals,  re-
portlng i-ondltloris In  their respective
localities.   Communications under this
head  should be addressed to the  Dominion or Provincial Secretaries.    Lo-
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look to tlii-He columns for iinnouncc*
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Hy  ihis  meuns  the  IuikIiicks    of    the
Party will bo facilitated and the Dominion    and     Provincial    secretaries
i-lievi'il  of a little  of the increasing
burden of correspondence.
fo STUDENTS OF SOCIALISM.
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in order to afford    comrades    an
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trices      quoted.      Two-cent   stamps
ill be accepted for sums not exceed-
Bg 2S cents:
|he Origin of the Family, (F.
Engels) 	
pin- Social ltevolution (Karl
Kautsky) 	
rhe World's Bevulutlons (Kings!   t'nt(-rmann)  	
fhe SiK-iulists, who they are
and whnt the.v stand tor,
(juhn  Bpargo)   $ .50
J he Involution of Mun (Bolsche)     .50
ItMlcrn     Socialism     (Chas. 11.
Vail)    25
llasa    StruRirles     in     Auu-rlca
(A.  «. Simons)   10
he   (ointminist     Manifesto,
Karl   Marx    10 cents
alism,   Utopian   and   Sci-
.-:-.tific.  Marx  fit   Kneels.. .to cents
'age,    I ..i hor    and   Capital,
Karl  Marx    Scents
Mission  of  the  Working  Class.
■has.   Vail     05
i lalism and Fsrmers, A. M.
Simons 5 cents
1 Other works procured to order.
Address the Literature Agent, Box
8*1,  Vancouver, B.  C.
TO SKCHI-rrAHIKS Of LOCALS
LIST OP SUPPLIES.
iinstitutions,    par doren  $ .35
enihership cards, oach  01
liplicatlon blanks iwithplat-
f..rm)  ficr  100   25
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE.
Vancouver, B. 0., Aug. 28, 1906.
Present, Comrades Stebbings, Leah
Dales, PHtchard, McKenzie, Kingsley
and the secretary.
Tho minutes of previous meeting
were road and approved.
Communications from Toronto and
Port   Arthur   Ijocnls    und    Comrade
Hales  wus authorized
arc us chairman.
BECIOIPTS.
Toronto Loral, stamps und
supplies    $10.25
Port Arthur Local, Mumps     2.00
B. C. Prov. Sec., stumps and
to
Piratic
sign chart-
supplies
13.00
Totnl
Vancouver, B. C.
 125.25
J. O.  MOKUAN,  Sec,
HI Barnard St.
• "nis   not   yet   having  nominated
i- of convention   should do sn  at
Monthly     reports should    Iki
i m regularly,
'he committee bolng » stockhold-
in    the    co-operative    publishing
ise of Chas. Kerr & Co.. can pro
i- literature for the locals at cost.
ampaign fund receipt books arc
i ready and will be furnished to
iis at io cents each.
rOR THE SINEWS OF WAR
at will be seen  good use hns  been
ads ot thc moneys subscribed so far
the organising funds.    Further or-
>nlining tours are under contemplation
funds are available.   Further sub-
criptlens are therefore uruently so-
Ited as, with the great Interest that
at  present being manifested in So-
I1 Mi-.ui. no better time could be found
npreadlng     the  propaganda     and
guiding up the organisation.
1K1MIWION OROAN1ZIN0 FUND.
Ihe following sums have been   ro-
|.lved to date:
ilnnce on hand        .,***M
Wade, Port Harvey    6.00
.128.50
PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE.
ItI-''.'l'l.A It BLSIMOSS MEIOTINO
Al'OTST 28.
Present Comrades Kingsley, (or-
ganizar)' Bales, Leah, Morgan,
Pritchard, Stebbings und the secretary. Minutes of previous meeting
rood und approved. Communications
rocoived from IjuchIh Bosslund, Nu-
iiuiriio nml Qraenwood. Application
for charter received from Nelson.
Charter granted. Warrants •nth-jr-
i/,->l drawn for the following sums '
Horn.  Bxecutlvo, Ktumjis und
supplies   $13.00
Postage     loo
Se<:r.-tury instructed re calling of
convention. Hate of convention net
for October «th.
HECEIPTS.
Ni-ls.m,   charter  fi>e    $1.90
Oreenwood Local, supplies   2.'0
Sanation Local, stamps und
snppiies   7.50
llosslund   l.ncal.   stamps     2.00
J. II. Hurrough, dues    2.00
I'entrul campaign fund   1.80
Organizing   fund    50
Total   	
Adjournment.
D.
 $22.00
O.  McKENZIE,
Secretary.
Into tbe mire by these body-BHatch-
ing Governors and their body-
sniitching administrations that ure
in truth but tho vassuls of corpor-
nre powers, riding iron-hoofed over
ull barriers, battering down all legal
restraints und crushing out all opposition, even to the extent of making midnight raids and snatching
thu living bodies of those whose integrity cutiuut lie debauched and
whose courage defies  intimidulion.
The Governors of two Greut
States, sworn to uphold the law aud
above ull others the men to set the
t-xumple, in the degenerate roles of
law breukers und body vuuichers!
•      •      •
Gooding, McDonald und McPurlund
are the rual criminals, the only ones
who huve violated the law und ought)
to be behind the bars.
These worthies are breathing the
free atmosphere. *
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone
have violated no law ; no shadow of
credible evidence has been, or cun bu
produced uguinst them.
They ure in jail and facing the gallows.
A fine stute of ofluirs in a republic!
As a mutter of fuel, Moyer, Haywood und Pettibone are as fur abova
Gooding, Mclloiiuld and McPurlund,
in point of good character and all
•.he lofty attributes of true munhood
as ure lhe eternal slurs above the
mounds of prairie dogs or Ibe holes
of  I'uttl.'-iimkes.
The three men who ought to bc free
ure in jail and the three who ougnt
lo be iu juil ure free.
Here wc huve in concrete form the
issue involved in the Colorado and
Idaho  campaigns.
•       •       •
Body snatching ! The people of
Colorado und Idaho versus Gooding.
McDonald und McParland !
Thut is the cuse to lie decided at
the polls in November,
A vote for the ltepublicun ticket
or the Democratic ticket is tt vote
for Gooding, McDonald and McPurlund : for the approval and legalizing of body snatching.
In view of the faiiiife of the Madison Avenue flank ot Chicago and the
wiping out of the small savings of s
large number of working people, a
number of newspapers ate drawing
"lessons" for savings bank depositors. They should .only put their
money in bunks that are absolutely
sound, and there should be a large
staff of' bank examiners to go
through securities of banks frequent-
ly to make sure that everything is
ull right. These lessons no doubt
have some vulue but we will suggest
u far better remedy for the evil effects of bank failures. Keep your
money in your own hands. It is only
a blithering idiot who will put his
money into the hands of some one
else to speculate on for safe-keeping.
A chump like that ought to lose his
money.
 o	
CASE M MLIS11I CLOSED
9*0*7*9*0*    I watt    VffRWHHi    ilfMw
(Continued from Page One.)
General Birney also tells us that
under the direction of August Bebel
thc "German Socialists are a reasonable, liberal party and are doing a
good work."
Bebel and the supporters of the Socialist Party in Germany and Belgium are Bevolutionary Socialists
und Marxians, and the practical work
done by them is entirely in accordance with the program of International Socialism, and therefore Socialism has already proved itself
''practical'* according to General Birney's own argument.
The policy of thc Socialist Purty
is "to do all in its pwer to promote the interests of the working
class iind to aid the workers in their
struggle against capitalism."
In this province of British Columbia the two Socialist members of the
Local House in one session introduced fifteen bills nnd amendments in the
interests of labor and passed seven.
This was done in the face of strong
opposition, backed by the cosh o
corporations.
These fucts prove that the principles of the Socialist Party lead to
practical results and that the defeat
issorarwsrtrsii i   tsaTrrt
tmtX
AGENTS WANTED
YOU CAN MAKE A LIVING AND HELP TNE CAUSE
BY SELUNG
THE JUNGLE
t
i
S
«
V   vote  for  the  struight   Socialist j'of capitalist   government will be foi
ticket is u vote for Haywood, Float
en, Moyer. Pettibone, St. John and
their loyal comrades, and for the
eternal damnation of body snatch-
ers !
IN MKRRIE ENGLAND
Forward all contributions to
DOMINION   SKCBKTABY.
PROVINCIAL    ORGANIZING
PUND.
The following amount* received up
i date:
|K..laii.e on hand   $115.80
IA.   I.indley    50
Total  $110.30
CAMPAIGN PUND.
It has been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build up a central fund
to he used in generally assisting in the
coming campaign ana more especially
for the purpose of printing and dtstn-
huting campaign literature.
All comrades wishing to collect
for this fund should at once app'y
to the provincial secretary for a rc-
ceipt book. No effort should be
spared in building up this fund.
Thc following amounts received up
tn date:
Previously acknowledged ...
.1. P	
Two Clarion nubs	
Total
.$1000
Forward all contributions to
PllOVlNCIAL SECRETARY.
SOCIALIST   PARTY   CAMPAIGN
PUND
Vancouver Local.
Previously acknowledged  ^o'J-o
■Ininos Bradley     ?*J5
.1.   D     MJP
A.   Longshoreman    "™
VANCOUVER LOCAL, NO. 1
Regular bualneos mei-ting August
27. Comrade Pritchard in the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and adopted, and one new member
admitted. Warrants drawn for the
following amounts :
Lit.ratine agent   $8.00
ltent of Grand theatre  15.00
Ver   advertising      7.00
Cleaning headquarters  50
The organiser was instructed to
communicate with Comrade Simpson of Toronto und J. It. MacDon-
ald in reference to securing their
sen ices  for meetings  while here.
Communication received from Cotn-
rud.. Cloak of Bellingham, Wash.,
stating that hc would be unable to
fill date us udvurtis.il on September
9th.
The program committee was Instructed to arrange for mass meeting in the City Hall on the evening
of Ijilior Day, Sept. 3, Comrade
Pettipiece sppointed to act as chairman of such meeting.
Next business meeting to lie held
Tuesday, Sept. 4.
Comrade Kingsley appointed io act
ns chnirmnn of meeting in Grand
Theatre on Sufiday evening, Sept. 2.
FINANCIAL REPORT.
Collection Sunday evening,
August   20  $25.20
Literature sales for the wosk..    300
Dues received  60
Totul    $28.70
Report received nnd meeting adjourned.
FREDERIC   PERRY.
Secretary.
 o	
BODY SNATCHERS.
(Bv Euguns V. Dobs, in Chicago Socialist.)
The title  of this brief  article   describes the present Governors of the
States of Colorado nnd Idaho.    Gov.
McDotinhl    of     Colorado     nnd  Gov.
G.Hiding   of  Idaho nre  the  function-
arfOJ   who  by   their  ofllcial   misfeasance havo won thnt notoriety.
Body snatchors!
That is whnt they are!
Precisely!
("aught   in the infamous act,  they
Stand   before  the  world   today,  half
human,  half monster, dummy, dripping,    ghustly,   a   picture   Indescribable in its loathsomeness and horror.
Tho   uncxpoctied   flashlight   of   the
Socialist  press has revealed them to
the world in their midnight roleB of
body Sim tchers.
Gooding, HcDonnld nnd McParland
A fine trio I
The Governors of two Sovereign
States, accessories of human hyena,
a lineal descendant of tho lietrayor
of man, in tho dark lantern roles of
body snn tchers I
Contemplate Ihe picture, yo voters
of Colorado and Idnho, at your own
leisure.
It   represents the commanding political issue In your two States this
fall.
Bo not deceived !
Tho alleged issues of tho two old
and rotlen parties are. but to divert
your attention from the ono overshadowing issiu* i» which yotir freedom, aye, your very lives, aro Involved.
Color-
"In tho early pait of the last century there wns a greut wnnt of employment , which Increased yeur by
year. In 1818 a Committee or Royal Commission was appointed to enquire into the cuuse of the want of
employment. That Commission reported in 1821 und recommended eni-"
ignition. Again, in 1839, large
numbers were out of work, also in
1840, 1841. and 1842. In thc middle of the latter year there was rioting all through the midland counties
us well as farther north, and in August of thnt year the Government
advanced to the manufacturers Av2,-
000,000 to put the '-cople to work.
Soon after there was the repeal of
the corn law, und there wos u grad-,
ual expansion of trade and commerce. But the case is different to-
du\. Up to tho middle of the lust
century we hod the little masters
with us. Our productions were small
trade unions were equally limited in
numbers. But during the fifties and
sixties there was a great revolution
in our powers of production and distribution ; the small musters disappeared and limited liability companies took their placef These have
played their part for two generations in the work of production, distribution and exchange, and are now
giving place to syndicates and
trusts. The triumph of these means
the centralisation of production, distribution and exchange.
"What is the position today? The
trade ot England was never so great
ss it is today. Our imports and exports were never so vast. But the
great bulk of the work is being done
by steam power and every kind of
labor-saving machinery. Mulhall.
1897, gives the following table :
1840.      1870.      1895.
Manual labor ...22.8 11.2      . 5.2
Horse power ...52.5 23.3 10.3
Steam power ...24.4 05.5 84.5
"Again : "Of nil work done in
Scotland 90 per cent. is done by
st on m (lower. In England and Wales
80 per cent. In Ireland, 47 percent,
for the United Kingdom, 84 per
cent." It is added thnt the steam
power of the United Kingdom is
"equal to the labor of 109,000.000
of men." What a revolution in production, etc., from 1840 to 1895.
And it goes on. Take our carrying
trudes ; up to 1870, stoum vessels of
1,000 tons, with n crew of 35, wero
the lurgvst afloat. Now, vessels of
7,000 and oven 9.000 tons, with
crews of less than one-fifth per 1,000
tobs, are the rule.
"There is one subject to which I
mny here refer as showing tho chungo
in regard to tho view taken in reference to tho working classes.
"In 1751 a bill was introduced into parliament to confer certain privileges on those of tho working
classes who reared largo families.
"In 1795 a dohntc on the samo
subject took place in tho Commons.
During that debate Mr. W„ Pitt declared in favor of a regular allowance being given to all parents with
largo families. Hc said: "This will
make a largo family a blessing, and
not a curse, and it will draw a proper distinction lietwcen those who
aro able to provide for themselves
and thoso who, 'having enriched their
country with n number of children,
have a claim upon it for assistance." Here was ono of.tho most
important declarations evor made.
Thon tho hagis of production was
manual labor,, now it is machinory,
steam power, etc. 'And tho cry today is "Got rid of thc workors,"
solid thorn to Canada—anywhere—
but got rid of thorn. Not a word
about, tho tons of thousands of surplus shop-keepers nnd traders ; not a
lowed by the establishment of the cooperative  commonwealth.
It is obvious, however, that until
capitalism is defeated at the polls
very little cun lie done for the laboring class and the value of opportunist movements must be more educational  than material.
W.  J.  CURRY.
For the
Campaign
Fund.
Having been authorized by
the pnbl there ef tie Western
Clarion to receive sobs at the
regular rate-$1.09 per fear
and apply one hail ol all money
received to the Central Campaign Fond, yon are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this lund by sending your subs
direct to me. Cither renewals
or new subs-»to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Cam-
paign Fund which means i
vigorous campaign.
0. 8. McKENZIE,
sa\nnTss*sVnsi      Qanu
ITO?.  9QCy
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C
9999999999999999999999999999999
9   ^^
9
9
I
8
9
9
9 Some who started early are now selling ten
j X copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
a copy.   Send to   us for circulars and wholesale
prices.   The hook is now ready for delivery.
«       THE JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO.,
BOX 2064 HEWY0R1
9999999999999999999999999999999
TO "OLAEION" READERS.
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fall to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality; As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires ore kept continually in type and tne mailing list
printed therefrom esch week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are mode up to date, the frequency of
these complaints Justifies tbe suspicion that postal employees are often
entity of reprehensible laxity In the
performance of tneir duties, even tf
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
wbo does not receive his paper to j
promptly notify thla office. Missing
coplea will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition in the future.
SEWING MA£HfNft
tOUEt b-uiino,
HICHOjtornb
The publication of periodicals of
every description Is a specialty with
rite "Clarion." Telephone or write
for estimates. Every facility for such
work, and prouipuie** and satisfaction
guaranteed.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
Five Clarion SUb. cards—$3.75. Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
Money
by buying thft
reliabk.horaeet,
high grade ses>
fm g marhinft
STRONGEST GUARANTEE.
Natkmal Sewing Machine Co*
SAN rRANCISCO. CAL.
FACTORY AT tTsBLvViCMfa. .U.
|    Victoria   Advertisers    |
o— o
PATRONIZE THEM-AND
TELL THEM WHY.
Colonial Bakery
a» Johnsoa St.. Victoria. B.O.
UIISHMAOC MEAD Ml CMC!
Delivers* te aa* part al the ally.   A*
M1v«r to  call.     Theae ■«•.
Do you know wa sell from 10 to 98
cents cheaper than our competitors.
TRY
HASHES' FAIR
roa j*. cmc^-irojc
71 Civinniit strttt, VWtfta, S. C
**************************
', TKI.KPHONK B7TS
; HENRY BEHNSCN &
[ MamlKtirtr ll
;' HAVANA
CIGARS
! ! Ns. • Cetstrt tt.
' | VICTORIA. B.C.
Co.
—THB—
IM QtlMR
REGISTBRBD
w -.^.*.-.as. >■••>> t MMM T
O^n^OOOOOOOOOOO-ftOOOO^^ftOOO^^OO^
BEST IN B  C
tiUS" oh
fi^s
«*&&««0TO««*«««e«^
The constitutions
Total  ^W|MH ^JffS^SSS^Sa- —co
Frederick Perry, Secretary. »» ,,wn c,ovcn "oW"
°11 ns tho con-1 word about the idio and ever useless*
^^^^^^^^^ article   by   J.
IT YOU WANT TO KNOW
what thc Tarty Is doing on the Pacific
Coast of the  United States,
READ THE
"SOCIALIST VOICE"
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For thc Socialist Party nnd By the
Socialist Party."
Tan weeks, ten cents; one year, so cts.
BOND F0& SAMPLE COPY
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUR HAT aee to It
that the Genuine Union Label ls sewed In It If
a retailer has looae labels In his possession and
offers to put one ln a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels In retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, ts a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MO I I TIT, I-reaklent Orange, N. J.
MARTIN LAWLOK. Secretory, 11 Waverly Vba*\
New York. ■
■
'4
■
ffi*
1
m
m
rt
-,,-M
?>
*6tm
b*~-ni-e%
m witmK autow. fjmfe ^^oottftiiu.
AAfrUBDAY
$
9
S   AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   §
I NEWS AND VIEWS
Edited by R. P.
PETTIPIECE, to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed. 9
C. WORKERS (JETTING
WHAT THEY  VOTED FOR
ing work not,  as yet, done by  machinery  and  the forces  of nature.
When the disinherited job-seekers
learn how closely identified their
bread and butter is with their vote,
their representatives in the houses of
Capitalist Class Determined to Overstock Labor Market in Order to
Keep Wages Down to Subsistence aSnVinistwUon^wiFconduVtThe'flsb
">*nt*   lug and canning industry for the use
*-•*—— and benefit of the whole people, in-
The white workingmen of this prov- st0ad of for profit for the cannery
ince have been giving expression to trust. There will also be a little
their commodity nature at the polls, | "dividing up," bu, it will be the
instead of acting like men. For this. jobs and hours of labor,
reason thu Job-owners are given thej	
privilege of overstocking the labor
market by the wholesale importation
of Sikhs and other brands of cheap
labor from the glutted markets
across thc pond. Another batch of
500 East Indians were dumped in
in Vancouver last week, with numberless shipments to follow. As one
of the local dailies puts it : "White
working men of the city collected in j
crowds to look at the gathering, and
the remarks let drop by nearly every
one would form good pointers for
any politician who wished to play a
winning game with the labor vote by
introducing legislation concerning
thia class of immigrants.*'
 o —
CAPITALIST DEVELOPMENT
In British   Columbia  Means  Hastening the New Social Order.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite, M. P* P.,
of the Socialist Party in British Columbia appeared much struck with the
resources and the possibilities of tho
Province, during his recent trip.
"But how do you like all this as a
Socialist?" he was asked by a Nanaimo correspondent of the local
Dally Province.
"It's all right," replied Mr. Hawthornthwaite. "It's too bad Nanaimo does not go ahead. Tbe city has
been working under adverse circumstances, but some day the people will
come to themselves and assert themselves and then things will be better."
"Oh, no. Socialism does not wish
to retard capitalist development. It's
the system under which we are existing. What we Socialists do propose
to do, however, is to see that the
working man's rights are protected.
All our aim so far at Victoria has
not been to crush development, but
to see that development goes on in
the province under the best possible
conditions for the working man.
We're not through yet. There's a
whole lot of work for us to do, and
after the next election you will see
it done, for just as sure tie anything
we are going to elect at the very
least nine Socialist memliers. That
will give things into our hands at
the House."
"Won't that scare off the capitalists, Mr. Hawthornthwaite, and
dump British Columbia development?"
"Not a bit of it. The capitalists
know, or should know, that we ara
not trying to put them out of business by harassing reforms. We are
trying to establish a system of
equity and justice. The Socialists
have practically forced every reform
in the province for the benefit of the
working man, and we are going to
introduce a lot more. The system under which we are existing at present
is bound to be with us for a time,
and while it does we propose to
moke it the best for the laborer that
we possibly can. What it will all ultimately evolve into is a question
that time and conditions will govern."
 1 .o	
DOMINION TRADES AND LABOR
CONORESS.
The annual convention of the
Trades and Ijabor Congress of Canada will be held this year at Victoria, beginning on Sept. 12.
Few labor unions in Vancouver are
affiliated with the organization,
chiefly because of Its unsavory reputation aa toe tall-end of the Liberal
party kite. Its policy in tha past
haa been to pay fat salaries to polished old-party "labor" politicians
to hang around the legislative halls
at Ottawa, and beg for crumbs from
the table of capital.
However, this method having proved such a dismal failure, a move is
now being mooted to frame up a
new line of action labelled "Independent." The oft-deluded workers of
Canada may rest assured though,
that nothing will be done which will
disturb the sacred right of capitalists
to own the earth, and every last
wage-slave on top of it.
Be this as it may, tbe Socialist
Party is still doing business in every
corner of the globe, a fact which
augurs well for the future of labor
in this and all other countries.
 o—————
"THERE'S  A   REASON."
The cumpaigu committees of the
Socialist Party in British Columbia
always statu in The Clarion where
the money comes from to pay election expenses. The old-party committees dare not publish a similar
statement.
 o	
NO MORE WAGE-
SLAVE EXHIBITIONS
Memliers of organized labor in
Vancouver—over 5,800 in number—
nave decided to cut out the "parade''
feature this year on "Labor Day." As
a result a real intrude will probably
iuke pluce next election day. Western wage-slaves are seemingly content with exhibiting their commodity, labor-power, before the bosses
every other day in the year. A good
omen.
He who tears down for tho joy ot
it, or for the attention he may uraw
toward himself, should himself be
lorn down. But he who points oul
the evils of the time and indicates
how they may bc remedied ; he who
points to the good that is being
done, and the good that may be done
—he, we believe, has a place in the
world.—Ex.
UNION IjAUEL LEAGUE.
A "Label League" is to be a feature of thc local Trades and Labor
Council. President McVety will name
the chairman at next meeting. This
"league" will act in conjunction
with the Allied Printing Trades
Council, of which "Bob" Todd is
president and Mr. Fowler, a pressman, the secretary.
VANCOUVER TYPO'S DELEGATE
ANOTHER STEP
NEARER  SOCIALISM
The salmon canning industry in
British Columbia is on the eve of a
great economical revolution, the
prime factor being thc introduction
of the "iron chink," a wonderful Mechanical fish-cleaning device, invented by E. A. Smith, of Seattle, the
rights of manufacture nnd sale having recently been secured by George
B. Busby of Vancouver.
It will do the work of nearly 200
men, and even the cheap Chinese lnlior will be eliminated.
The benefit of thc new machine, of
course, will accrue to tho men who
own It—the cannery trust.
The wage-slaves turned loose will
thus be given an opportunity to fn-
tonsify competition for  the  remain-
At lost Sunday's meeting of the
typos, Robert Todd was elected as
the accredited delegate to the Victoria convention of the Dominion
Trades and Labor Congress. A deputation consisting of Harry Cowan,
(chairman; W. J. McKay and S. J.
Gothard was also elected to bring
certain matters of interest to the
croJl, and British Columbia workers
generally, before the convention. The
delegate wae instructed to support
any inovement for "independent political action,"—whatever that means.
A motion that the typo's delegate be
instructed to urge upon the Congress
un endorsation of the program and
principles of the -Socialist Party o(
Canada was defeated by seven votes.
Be this as it may, the Socialist
Party is quite capable of looking af
ter itself.
It is the only labor movement in
Canada because it is the only Paris
giving expression to the needs and
requirements of the workers.
The old ghost of "independent" labor parties with capitalist platforms
is too harmless to bother with, and
so far as British Columbia is concerned, will die, like its predecessors
aborning.
W.   J.   McKay   was   elected as a
delegate to the    Trades and Labor
Council, vice S. J. Gothard.
 o———
ITALIAN   SOCIALIST  PAPER.
Italian comrades and sympathizers
are requested to send to "La Sebtin-
elln Socialists," 407 Seventh street,
Calumet, Mich., for sample copies.
 o
, HE OF THE BULL-PEN STATE.
The conspirator, Governor Gooding, of Idaho, has over-reached himself in bossing the Republican convention, which re-nominated him.
His dictation of the nominees for the
"Board of Pardons" discloses his
vindicative spirit, and tbe hangman
role he desires to assume. Tbe act
has swept away his fair words abbut
"a fair trial and fair play." A revolt is on his own camp, and betting characters are already offering
wagers that Gooding will come in
third in the Gubernatorial race.
 o
MAY SPEAK HERE.
CARPENTERS SEND DELEGATES
At the last regular meeting of tho
Vancouver Brotherhood of Carpenters und Joiners, two delegates, E.
Young and S. O'Brien were elected
to attend tho annual convention ul
Niagara Falls, on September 13.
Vancouver's representatives take
with them a number of recommendations of unusual interest to their
craft in Western Canada, particulars
of which will appear in The Clarion
upon the return of tbe delegates.
 o	
Comrade Cloak, Bellingham, Wash.,
writes the Vancouver Local Program
Committee tbat he will be unable to
speak  here  on   September  Uth.    His
duties  as alderman in the Washington lumbering and fishing centre require all his  spure    time just  now.
However,  the    Comrade's    services
will be available at a later date,
o
A NEW VERSION.
"No good comes from stolen money," said a Chicago defaulter who
returned the other day after two
years' absence to take a dose of pen-
etential medicine for hia crime.—
Daily Press.
No wonder capitalist society reeks
with vice, hypocrisy, crime and degradation, and the press reports of
its cess-pool of iniquity fairly stink
in tbe nostrils of decent working people. Every last dollar they ever had
as capitalists, is stolen money,
wrung—legally—from the workers
through thc present system of wage-
slavery.
o
THE "PREFERENCE" QUESTION
B. C. Government May do McDonald
Good, and Furnish Him With a
Message For His Eaay-to-Satisfy
Electors in the Old Country.
J. Ramsay McDonald, member of
the British House of Commons, and
supposed to voice the interests of la-
iior, a la John Burns, is In Canada.
He will cross the continent in a C.
P. R. private car and will also bo
entertained while in this portion ol
capital's' domain as the guest of the
Government.
In a statement to tbe press, this
" labor " representative says he
wants to "study the Canadian view
of the preference question." Again
said he :
"I have come to this country to
find out what the labor men of this
part of the Empire think about the
great questions of tbe day, and whether or not they are working for the
same great objects us we are in the
Old Country."
If the object above noted is what
Mr. McDonald is wasting his time at
the chances are he will find Canadian
workers with a "preference" for men
who know and understand capitalism
well enough to lie convinced that
"preference" issues are of no concern
whatever to wage-slaves.
More anon.
■ o ■ ■     ■	
WHIEMEN    MUST    WANT TO UNLOAD.
The I. Typo. Union, at their Colorado Springs convention last week,
decided to continue the fight for on
eight-hour day. The convention also
went on record in favor of government ownership of the telegraph, and
instructed its delegates to use their
influence to elect men favoring such
ownership.
 o————
NOT  "UNDER SOCIALISM."
The bureau of the census has just
completed and issued a bulletin on
insanity in the United States. Tba
statistics collected refer merely to
the number of insane in confinement
in the hospitals of the country, and
therefore they do not reveal the full
extent of insanity in the country.
They indicate, as has been frequently
claimed, that insanity in on a progressive increase in the United
States.
During the thirteen years which
have elapsed since the last census of
the insane was taken, the number of
hospitals for their treatment has
moro than doubled and the increase
in tho number of the ifisane has
been in almost identical proportion.
The total number of inmates of hospitals for the insane In 1890 was
74,038,. and in December, 1908, It
was 150,161. The number of insane
in; hospitsls per 100,000 of population waa 81.6 in 1880, 118.3 in 1890
and 186.3 on December 81, 1908.
movement    and     rc-fslutilishlng the
Autocracy.
Wo, who hope to see from this
great revolutionary movement the
sparks fanned Into a veritable revolution of the whole social system,
believe it to be our task und duty to
do everything within our power to
impede this outside intervention ; by
means of the haunting feur of a universal strike.
By making a scries of ugitations
in this cause, and preparing the
people for a general strike, we will
render tho greatest possible service
to the cause of tho Russian people,
and it will be the best, most practicable and most useful manifestation
of our feelings towurdB our Russian
brethren, who at this moment are
struggling desperately and ure staring death iu the face for tho cuuse
of liberly.
For this purpose a group of men
in New York city have formed themselves into a body, who propose to
start  this grout   und  useful work.
Let ull those who think with us—
ull who have a heart which beats for
the cause of liberty—liegin now, by
putting themselves in communication with this body by writing to
T. Vidal. 37 Lilierty street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
PS—We ask all Socialist Journals
to re-producc this appeal.
 o-
A CAPITALIST APOLOGIST
HANDLED WITHOUT GLOVES
OUR<	
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Comrade James Simpson, of Toronto, vice-president of the Dominion Trades and Ijabor Congress, has
been invited by tbe local program
committee, to address a moss meeting of workers in Vancouver during
his visit to the coast next month.
 o —
WISE OPPONENTS.
Generally the most loud-mouthed
opponent of Socialism is one who
knows thc least of what be io opposing. Probably never rent any
Socialist literature ; never attended
a Socialist meeting j and certainly
has no knowledge of oven the dictionary meaning of the' word. The
Socialist must bear with such. Throe
works wonders.
STRFjET-SPEAKING  IN SEATTLE
Herman F. Titus has been thrown
into jail at Seattle for daring to exercise the right to speak on the
streets. Almost any other sort of
street obstruction can be tolerated
in Seattle with amazing tranquility,
but when a Socialist assumes to tell
the truth, very little obstruction
seems to have him incarcerated. It
is most fortunate for the Socialists
that the capitalist lackeys have so
little Judgment. Wappensteln is a
most faithful watch dog.
Capitalism,  Like  Autocracy, ia Fur
lushing lho Ito--.- to Hang Itself.
—Comrade   Davenport,   of Brant
ford,  Ont.,  Takes a Full Out of
n Grit Cent-Belter.
"That thc Interests of workingmen
would tie advanced by the presence
of a few spcciul representatives In
parliament is probable, but lhe tin
efits expected arc likely to be subject to more or loss discount because of the iiructii-ul impossibility
of achieving very much without the
assistance of either one of the &rtut
political parties."
This is the comment by Brant
ford's daily Grit sheet re the A. F
of L.'s proposed launching into politics.
Workmen ought to read it over,
then cut it out and paste it in their
hats for future reference. The capitalist class, as we all know, have control of the entire legislative machine.
They make the laws, and have full
control over their execution.
They say in effect : i/ook here, you
must do such  and such and ao and
BO.
They have the army and police
ready nt their elbow in case we
should refuse So we are forced to
toe the line.
A new situation opens up at this
point.
The workers get restless and in
quire into social conditions ; their
causes and remedies. They refuse to
let the capitalist class "boss the
show" al! round any longer. They
determine to send men of their own
class to the national and provincial
assemblies to "butt in" to thc plans
and schemes that arc concocted there
for thoir (tbe workers') further en
slhvoment.
Now comes out a Grit editor who
tells us that thc workers cannot
hope to hem-fit much because of the
"practically impossibility" of doing
much without the help of cither one
of the parties of capitalism.
Yes, we all know that. We don't
expect nny help from that quarter.
The supporters of capitalism have
all that they can manage in defending their class interests, without
"assisting" anyone.
Just at tho present moment such
expressions of opinion are valuable.
They go to show bow hopelessly
out-of-touch with the present-dsy
situation are our political scribes.
Like "Rip Van Winkle," they are
unconscious of what Is being done
around them, and either can not, or
will not, acknowledge the Importance of thc Socialist movement.
When they do awake they will furnish us with great entertainment,
but alas! it wfll lie too late tn save
capitalism from lieing counted among
the things that were.
WM. DAVENPORT,
o
EIGHT HOURS, BUT—
The new state law in Maryland fixing eight hours a day as the maxi-
mam for telegraph operators employed by thc Baltimore A Ohio and
Pennsylvania railroads in that state
has become effective. The public will
ire surprim-d to learn thnt the railways will observe the law. But
there's a reason. They have reduced
wages $2 50 to f 10 a month. The
Pennsylvania, for instance, intends
to employ three operators where twoj
were heretofore deemed sufficient,
and to divide the pay of thc two
among thc three now required
wherever this can be done without
injury to the service. Csn you lieat
'cm?—New York Unionist.
 I Country
Specially Recommended.
fhe Vancouver Breweries, Ltd
Telephone 429
. l-KOMFT SA1.KS
•JI'ICK III,TI KNs -.
A 1.1. lUSINl'SS STRICTLY CONI IDKNI 1 ai
W.  FURNIVAL  flU. CO.
AUCTIONEERS, APPRAISERS. REAL ESTATE ANO
COMMISSION ACENTS.
LARGEST   MART   IN
Cor. Abbott OU Cordova Sin.
VANCOUVER
Old Con. Building.
PARKER WILUAMS M. P. P.
AT
GRMID IKABIE Sunday Eve. Sept 1
MASS MEETING
City Hall On Monday, Eventing Sept 3
A NUMBER OF SPEAKERS
WILL BE PRESENT
Everybody Welcome
8 O'CLOCK SHARP
A collection will be taken
to defray expenses.
'BURNS & CO.'
J    NAROWARE anl       ,
I Second Hand Oealer $
We have  received and publish thc
following •
To the Socialists of the whole world:
Brethren: In regard to the Russian
[{evolution a great many newspapers speak of tho probable intervention of foreign powers for the purpose of smothering tha  Democratic
A RUSSIAN MARTYR.
Tho glory of the Russian Socialist
movement has been the devotion of
its women, anil tho following letter
which the noble Marie S. Spirldon-
ovu, who has suffered unheard-of
outrages and tortures, has written
to somo of her friends before she set
out for Siberia is indicative of their
bravery and fortitude :
"Thanks, dear comrades, for your
news nnd your true words. You ask
about my health. I hope to return
aome day, If not completely cured, at
leant sufficiently so to be of somo
good to tho cause. I cannot see with
my right eye. I have pains all over
my body, especially in my chest and
in my hood. If they keep me in Siberia for five yenrs, and if I can conquer my bodily weakness and
phthisis, ah yos! thon I hifpe to give
a second time all my life and love
to the people who toll. Evon In
prison I shall devote myself to study
and work until liberty comes at
last. I have faith in our cause.
Dear comrades, your sympathy
moves mc. Your affection encourages me."
Cook   Stoves   and   Tools   a i
Specialty. ■
We have a lnrge quantity nf
kIiikk fruit jam for sale. Pints,
r-Or per iloM'll ; quarts, (Kir ;
and 3 quarts, 70r.
Stores—137 and Ij8 Cordova
St. E.
i Hardware, Junk and Furniture. ♦
'PImn 1171      VucMvtr, B. t.
H >.
IMMMMMMMM* »*♦
C    PETERS     *******
u. rc.it.no  MiK^g.!,
Hand-Made Bool* and Hhors to order Is
' all style*. Hcp.ilIn* pramiptly and seat*
, ly done.    Stock  or Maple  ready-made
Shoes alwaya un hand.
*Att WaafaalsHlaa iis. MaassS m* "
#-fww WvMSSnBBVB. SS. ■BS^BBrl    rTJaaSSBS*
WAGE-LABOR
AND CAPITAL;
BT KARL, IIAIIX.
Single    copies,    6   cenla;    *
copies, IG cents; IS oopl'
conts;   40    copies   11.80;
copies ami  over,   2  cent*
copy.
These rates Include |"
to any part of Canada •
United Kingdom.
100
jH-r
i of
iru1
"The Woutern Clarion
>*****
WHEN  IN  VANCOUVBR,  STOP At
THE   DOUGALL   HOUSE
AWMrTT   8TRKKT.
first Clasa liar.
CAKE    OI-KN    1»AY    ANI>
Price* Moderate.
KseeHent Ilea****
NKillT
PLEASANT  HOMES
If you Intend bulbil*-
Are tht.ru> with one or more open flreplncen
and would have the latest In Mantel
and si-e us in reference to the
and    Orate {fireplaces,
ill
I1A0K.U8  HEATER.
This is a stylish and cheap method of heating. It l» really *>
Steam Heater, using gas fuel.    No t'HIMNKV RMQUIRBSD.
This cuts tho expense in two and yi.u can hnvo fireplace** In
two rooms at loan cost than ono coal consumlnK grate.
See one of the Backus Haul ers on exhibition In I-ockhnrt &
Clarke's  window,  Oranvtlie  Street.
Vancouver Gat Company, Ltd.

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