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The Western Clarion Nov 3, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, British Columbia. Saturday, November 3, 1906
riuiwrl-iiii.n Price   •■ AA
Pea Ybak WIsUU
(Delegates From the Progressive Unions of British Columbia Refuse
to be Used for the Purpose of Setting up a So-called "Straight Labor Party"
mads has begun to copy the Un-
Statcs' methods of dealing with
|»bpr question, and is dealing out
the rilie to striking workingmcii in
the most approved Pennsylvania
I he lumbermen employed by Ifac-
I ircn'ti Saw Mills, near Ottawa, have
In i n on strike for more than a month
in  ni effort to get a raise oi wages,
which have been $1.25 a day. On such
1.iiinngs it i* needles* to say that it
wai impossible for them to accumu-
late a strike fund of any consequence,
.1 months idleness brought   the
wolf of want co every one of them.
(inler these conilit'ti nn strike-breakers were brought in by lhe company
and put tn work under guard ol po-
and  special officers.     Thc mad-1
Idled and  starving   rtnkcrs made a;
rush for lhe *>rab*i and were met by a
illc'j  iroin the revolvers of the  SO*
1'hc president and secretary ef thc
Mill Workers' Union  were killed by
the  police and a  dozen  or  more ot
their  comrades were wounded, most
ui them seriously.
Two of the members ef the  firm
Miit   with  the   police      After  the
ttle the officers of the lumber coat-
pan)   called  oa  the .government   fur
ip»,   and   thc   Goverriur-Cieiteral's
I K-t Guards and the Duke of Cornwall's  Own   Rifles   left   Ottawa   and
at present in camp near thc lumber yards.    Thc strikers declare th '
■   v 'II  HOl  g:vc  -n,  ::     :•   i      I..;•
(or them in live on the •.- tg.
I Iiy the company  • 1 l.i.   Work* .
il  Mt   the    miserable    cond it.    •
;i))iin the working c!a>. und-*
1      rngn  of capitalist  prosperity, it
* nit only possible to re-.'it strike-
ikers when needed, bu' the,   ho*ci
creatures who are so lo*,: 1 . ill *<i*.',
oi  manhood  as  tt   bi  ultd  .-*.  "he|
• Mil*,  tools  of  the  Hi 1 !•••  ■ '• ■ -1
nsl   the   enslaved  wr.'f ,   »! 'U
t'.ie conditions  surrounding tin-in !•
."in.   so intolerable a-- ti   driv  -luu-.
!    open rt-vnlt.     The abo   •   incideii'
illusively shows that Can ! !i-  ml-
rlass   will  as   readily   rcs>«r|   tu
murder in holding its sla^.s in i.-:---..
■  the ruling clas «.f any ..t.Vi      tin-
try, 10 !"ttg .is it can find creatures
Mintlv low in the scale oi being
to d.itt the uniform and wield thc 111-
-uiumtits .if murjder.
lhe    occurrence    recorded    above'
may  he taken a* an indication  that|
ihe   ritU-  diet   is  to be  as   regularly j
prescribed   for   the   rebellious   Canadian wi.rkm.-tit,  as  has  alreaily  been
the case in other countries thai could I
In  mentioned.    When the  Canadian]
wor-cers assert  their    manhood    byi
gaining control of the State  through j
tin- exercise of their legal right* and
powers,   thev   will   have   spiked   the
yuits of repression now turned against
them .thus making it possible lo live)
in  peace   with   each   other   and  the*
world.     To   accomplish   this   is   the.
mission of Socialism, j
The rapid spread of socialist "l>i»
"ut 111 l-.tiglaiul is causing consternation in the ranks of the exploiting
class and its tools the bourgeois.'1
labor leaders. The response of organized labor to' the slogan of political solidarity is regarded by them,
with mixed feelings of dismay. It
has pierced thc thin veil 'J capitalistic pretentions of friendship and
promises, and is rapidly becoming
conscious of itself.
The frantic efforts of the. Cjapi-
lalisl class to stem the tide- "f socialist thought through its press and
its tools, the reactionists, within the
unions, have been rendered Futile.
Hy.bringing about a widespread discussion of thc sociaust position ii
has contributed to its growth, tints
furnishing- -further evidence of the
fact that socialism flourishes under
publicity, so unassailable is its position.
The extraordinary advance of socialism in Kngland has no precedent
in the history of thc socialist Inovement in any country. Since tlu* last
spring elections thc dues-paying mem.
hership of thc party has doubled,
About 1,200 meetings arc now being
held weekly. The audiences are
'argcr than ever before known. Thc
circulation of its papers have almost
doubled. Thc field of agitation has
been very considerably widened;
whole districts not before touched
are now being thoroughly covered.
The Railway Servants, an organization with a membership of <xio,ooo,
decided in their recent convention by
a large majority that all labor candidates for members of parliament must
join the Labor Representatives Committee. This is a declaration for independent political action in opposition to all capitalist parties, which
meant a recognition of the socialist
party as the onlv logical labor party.
(Continued, 011 page three.)
Vancouver, B. C, Oct 29,1906.
Official proceedings cf convention
called **y the Trades and Labor Congress   of   Canada   to   form   a   labor
party  on   October  2>),   1006,  at  Van- j
couver, 15. C.
Called to order at 10 a. m. by G.
P.  Gray, vice-president of Dominion
Labor and Trades Congress of Can-1
ada,   and   Delegate   Perry   as   acting
secretary. 1
Chirman G. I", uray appointed the!
following delegates as credential com- i
mil tee   by   consent     of    convention: ;
Delcgatei   McVety,  Perry, Davidson,
Mills and Phillips.
Meeting then declared adjourned
for thirty minutes to await report of
credential  committee.
Convention called to order at II
a. in. by Chairman G, F. Gray and
report of credential committee read
by Delegate 1'erry a* follows:
A Hardy, Grand Forks, 180, W.F.M.
P.   Horse, Silverton, o.*j,  W.F.M.
F. Hardy, Rossland, 38, W.F.M.
(Trail  Branch.)
A. F. Berry Rossland, 38 (Rossland
S.   C.   llorcl,   Phoenix.   155,   I.W.W.
J. P. Lcheney, Kimberiy, 100, W.F.
Thos. J. Gould. Greenwood, 22, W.
P. '' SI earthe, Britanni, itfi, W.F.
A Van Rheln, Vancouver Bartenders, 676
Earnest Milts, Greenwood. Industrial   Union
John W. Mclnniss, Phoenix 8, W.
I .M
Frank   Phillips.   Kelson,  «/..  Wl  M
J. C. Waiters, Victoria Boilermakers
and  Iron Ship   Builders.  t
W. \\ Gabriel, Victoria. Boilermaker*) and Iron Ship Builders, to
G. P. Pound. Vancouver, Printing
Pres,men, 69,
J. Pritchard, Vancouver Bridge and
Structural   Iron   Workers,   07.
I-*. Williams, Vancouver, Tailors, ou
Wj T. lirttcc, Vancouver, Barbers,
120   ...	
A. Frazier, Vaticcuver, Boilermakers
J. S.   Laurensen,  Michel  I'.M.W of
\ .   -'.U4
C. B. Crool, Vancouver, Carpenters
( oiincil.
II.   Norman,   Victoria,   A.A.S.   and
F. Ry. I"., of A, Div. tot;.
J. 1)   Rainey. New Westminster, A.
A. S. snd E. Ry. E. of A.. Div. 134
F, Little. Vancouver, Sheet, Metal
Workers,  j8o.
Geo. F Gray, Victoria, Trades Council.
I). McDertuott. Vancouver, Painters
and Deci rators, 13S.
II. P. ..anl, Vancouver, Bricklayers
J. Nesbit. Vancouver, Federal Union
G. A. fCilp&trick, Vancouver, Civic
Employees   Federal   Union,  i.
1-". P, Slavm. Victoria. Federal Union
John Elliott, Duncans, Federal Union
W   J. McKay, Vancouver Types, 236.
J.  i.\.   Martin.   Vancouver,   AS.   ofC.
and  J.,  1
W.   F   McKenzie,  Vancouver,  U.   B.
of (". & J. 6t7*
W. Johnson, Nelson Trades Council.
D. J. McDonald, Vancouver, J. P.
and   S.   1*.,   170.
J.    II.    McVety.   Vancouver,   Trades
and Labor Council.
A    G    . crrv.   Vancouver.   A.A.S.   &
E. KY. 1-. of  A.
Geo   Thomas,   Vancouver.   C.igarm.i-
kors, .1S7-
Jas  Birch.  Vancouver,  Innmouldcis,
R,  Fowler. Vancouver. I. A.  M.,  lea
J,   G.   Davidson,  Vancouver,  A.S.  of
C   & J., 2.
R.   Todd,   Vancouver.   Allied   Printing Trades 'Council.
W.   Davidson,  Saittlon, W.F.M., 81.
1.  Crowe, Victoria, Typos, 201.
S. IT. Shanks Victoria, A. C. &.J., 18.
Wc, your committee beg to report
that we have examined all thc credentials presented and recommend
that thc above named delegates bc
sealed. We refer the convention to
thc case of A. J. Dnnbavan, of the
Plasterers' Union of Vancouver, hc
having no credentials, this union not
having elected a delegate. Respectfully submitted.
Signed,     Credentials Committee.
Moved and seconded that report of
cedential committee bcadoptcd and
that delegates be seated, except J.
Motion carried.
Moved by Delegate Slavm. seconded by Delegate Todd that J. Dunbavand, of Plasterers Union, seated
and that after ll a. m. no further
delegates bc  seated without   crcden-
,iaMotion carried, a3 for, 22 against
Convention proceeded to now elect
permanent chairman.
F. Williams, cf Vancouver, nominated.
G. 1", Gray, of Victoria, nominated
and  declined.
Delegate McVety, of Vancouver,
nominated and  declined.
Delegate Davidson, of Vancouver,
nomine..     and   declined.
Delegate Phillips, of Nelson, nominated  and  declined.
Moved and seconded that nominations close.
Motion carried.
Delegate    F.    Williams,    of   Vancouver, was duly elected chairman.
Delegate Williams    then    took    the
chair and addressed  the  convention.
Nominations opened for vice-president, and Delegates Todd and Dav-
son, of Vancouver, nominated. Delegate Todd declined and secretary cast
unanimous vote for Davidson.
Nomination] opened for secretary
Delegates A. G. Perry, J. Birch, J.
Todd  were nominated.
Moved and second that nominations
Mot-op carried.
Delegate retry was duly elected secretary of thc  convention.
Moved and seconded that convention  stand adjourned until  2 p. m.
Motion carried.
Convention adjourned  at neon.
Afternoon Session.
Meeting called to order at 2 p. m.
Ly Ch   r., an W 11 rims.
Minutes of previous session read
and approved.
President McVety, of thc Trades
and Labor Council, was then called
upon and tendered an address of welcome   to  the   delegates.
Delegate    McKenzie    moved,   seconded by F, IJ. Shearme, that the following resolution be adop.i...
Resolution  No.   1.
Whereas, the method of constituting this convention is not in ac-
c< rdance with modern ideas, in that
it iioes not admit of representation
according to  votes;
Therefore be it resolved, that all
bodies represented here have the
privilege of voting proportionately to
their numerical strength; say one delegate to fifty and an additional vote
fore every major fraction there if, of
bonafldc paid up members. Signed,
\,. 15. of C. J.
Seconded by F. B. Shearme, B.
M.  U.
Lively discussion followed by Delegates McKenzie, Gray, Mills, Davidson. Mclnnis and Lehcncy.
Moved by Delegate Gray, seconded
by Delegate Van Rheiii, ns an amendment, that a delegate be entitled to
cine vote and no more. After some
discussion the amendment was defeated by a vote of 21 for, 27 against.
The motion was carried by a vote
of 26 to 2.V
Moved by Delegate Thomas, seconded by Delegate McDertuott, that
each delegate state on his honor the
number of union mn he represented.
Motion carried.
Ni overt by Delegate Mourns, secc-
onded by "Delegate l.e..etiey. that
dlegates representing central bodies
be   entitled   to  one   vote   only.
Motion carried.
Moved by Delegate William Davidson, seconded by Delegate Hardy,
that delegates be allowed to vote
proxy  votes.
Motion defeated. 12 to 25.
Moved and second that convention
adjourn fifteen minutes to allow credentials committee to ascertain thc
number cf votes each delgate is entitled   to.
Motion carried.
Meeting called to order at 4 p. m.
and report read from credential committee giving delegates votes as follows:
Delegate. Members.   Votes.
Hardy    ' 300 6
Home    35 •
llaruv    255 5
Berry  ' 4«o 10
Hotel    -oo 2
l.ehencv    200 4
Gould .....'S12 10
Shearme    ' '45 3
Van  Rhcin     "0 *
Mills    ' «7 a
Mclnnis    700 14
Phillips    150 3
Watters    3- -
Gabriel     35 I
Pound     27 »
Pritchard        1 I
Williams    80 2
llrttce     5« »
Frazier    45 •
Laurensen    < 604 ia
Crool        I •-
Nortnan     00 2
Kainey    HO 2
Little     42 I
Gray     4° l
MeDermott    5-$ *
Ward    70 *
Ncsbitt 67 *
Kilpatrick    45 •
Slavm   72 *
Martin 225 5
McKenzie    355
Johnson  „.     1 1
McDonald 1  35 1
McVety .>  1 1
Perry   ...«, 215 4
Thomas  A  55 1
Birch  60 1
Davidson' 200 4
Todd ...;;     1 1
W. Davidson  230 5
Crowe  45 1
Shanks  23 l
J. A. McDonald 300 6
Evans   ...'  72 1
Walsh  80 2
Norton  ..»  25 I
Moved and seconded that report
be adopted.
Motion carried.
Communications read from U. M.
W., Nanaimo; 'Musician Protective
Union of Victoria, Mt. Sicker Union,
and Granite Cutters Union of Victoria, expressing inability or lack cf
desire to participate in the convention.
Moved by Delegates Todd and
Birch that a resolution committee be
Motion carried.
Delegates Mills, Phillips, Todd,
Crool and Watters appointed rs com-
tu-.Uec on resolutions.
The following resolution was then
moved by Delegate Davidson of San-
Resolution No. 2.
Whereas:-—The Dominion Trades
and L?bcr Congress at its 22nd annual convention held in Victoria, B.
C, September 17 to 21, 1906, took
steps to organize a Labor Party in
the province, and this convention has
been called in compliance with that
action; and
Whereas:—No political party can
correctly express the labor movement unless it stands for the abolition
of capitalist exploitation, and thc
wage system under which it is effected; and
Woereas:—A Labor Party ts already in existence which does stand
for that change, and which has received tne most emphatic endorsation possible from the different labor
organizations throughout the province, inasmuch as, nearly every labor
organization in the province has
written to thc representatives of that
party in the local Legislature requesting them to take up their grievances,
and endeavor to get legislation passed
for tne betterment of their conditions, thereby shewing their confidence in the said party as a labor
Therefore be it resolved:
That in the opinion of this convention it is unwise to organize another
Labor Party, as it would cause confusion among the working class, thus
dividing their vote, and rendering it
ineffective; and be it further resolved,
That we recommend to the working class throughout the province,
the careful study and investigation
of the principles and platform of the
Socialist  Party of Canada, and
That we further recommend the
earnest study of the principles and
programme of Socialism as we believe that in the accomplishment of
its aims, lies the only true and permanent solution of the labor problem.
Moved by Wm. Davidson, delegate
for Sandon Miners Union No. 81,
W. F. M.
Seconded by Archie F. Berry, delegate for Rossland Miners Union No.
38. W. F. M.
Moved and seconded that resolution be referred to committee on
'Motion lost.
Delegate Davidson then addressed
the convention on resolution.
Moved by Delegate Von Rhein
that speeches be limited to ten minutes.
Chairman Williams declared motion
out of order.
Delegate Gray objected to the ruling cf the chair, and appealed to
convention. Chair was sustained by a
vote of 37,,to 12.
Delegate Berry of Rossland then
spoke supporting resolution.
Moved by Delegate Gray, seconded
by Delegate Slavin, that meeting adjourn at 6 p. m. te meet at 7 p. m.
Amendment by Delegate Fowler
that convention adjourn at 6 p. m.
to meet at 9:30 a. m. Tuesday morning.
Amendment carried.
Delegate Gray then spoke on question.
Meeting adjourned at 6 p. m.
October 30, 1906.
Convention called to order by
President Williams, and Delegate
Norton seateu from Vancouver as
Delegate Gray resumed debate on
Delegate     Davidson,     Vancouver,
seconded by Delegate Slavin of Victoria, that the motion be now put.
Vote, for 41, against 99.
Delegate   Gray   then   declared   his
intention of withdrawing from convention. President Williams of Vancouver,  Vice-president   Davidson   ot
Vancouver,  and  Secretary  Perry of
Vancouver, also withdrew. _
Delegate   Phillips   of   Nelson  was
then elected president,   and Ernest
Mills, Secretary.
Debate   was   resumed   of original
Delegates   McVety,   Thomas,   Lcheney,  Mclnnis  spoke  on   question,
and   Delegate   Daviuson  of Sandon
closed debate.
Vote for resolution 90*. against 12,
absent 42.
Moved and seconded that vote be
placed on record.
Motion carried.
Moved   and   seconded   that   press
committee be appointed.
Motion carried.
The vote on the previous question
and the resolution was as follows:
Previous Question.
McKay    2 votes. Ves.
Martin    5 votes. Yes.
McKenzie 7 votes. No.
Johnson     1 vote. Yes.
McDonald        1 v-s>r. vrs.
McVety     I vote. No.
Perry     4 votes. Ves.
Thomas     I vote. No.
Birch     1 vote. Yes.
Fowler        3 votes. No.
Davidson     4 votes. Yes.
Todd     1 vote. Yes.
W.  Davidson        4 votes. No.
Crowe     I vote. Yes.
Shanks     I vote. Yes.
J.  A.  McDonald..    6 votes. No.
Evans     1 vote. No.
Norton     I vote. No.
Dunvaband  ....      1 vote.
(Not a delegate after first day.)
Hardy     6 votes. No.
Home     ivote. No.
Hardy     5 votes. No.
Berry 10 votes. No.
Horel     2 votes. No.
Leheney     4 votes. No.
Gould 10 votes. No.
Shearme     3 votes. No.
Van Rhein     1 vote. Yes.
Mills     2 votes. No.
Mclnnis 14 votes. No.
Phillips     3 votes. No.
Watters     1 vote. No.
Gabriel     I vote. Tes.
Pound     1 vote. Yes.
Pritchard         I vote. No.
Williams     2 votes. Chair.
Bruce     1 vote. Yes.
Frazier     1 vote. Yes.
Laurensen    12 votes. No.
Crool     x vote. Yes.
Norman     2 votes. Yes.
Rainey     2 votes. Yes.
Little     1 vote. Yes.
Gray     1 vote. Yes.
MeDermott   ..   ..    1 vote. Yes.
Ward     1 vote. Yes.
Nesbitt     1 vote. Yes.
Kilpatrick        I vote. Yes.
AicKay 2 votes. Absent.
Martin     5 votes. Absent.
McKenzie        7 votes. No.
Johnson     I vote. Absent.
McDonald        1 vote. Absent.
McVety     1 vote. No.
Perry     4 votes. Absent.
Thomas     1 vote. No.
Birch     1 vote. Absent.
Fowler     3 votes. No.
Davidson     4 vote% Absent.
Todd     1 vote. Absent.
W.  Davidson        5 votes. Yes.
Crowe     1 vote. Absent.
Shanks     i vote. Absent.
J.  A.  McDonald..    6 votes. Yes
Fvans     t vote. Yes.
Walsh     2 votes. Absent.
Norton     1 vote. Yes.
Dunbavand ....    1 vote.
(Not a delegate after first day.)
Hardy, A     6 votes. Yes.
Home     1 vote. Yes
Hardy     5 votes. Yes
Berry 10 votes. Yes
Hcrel  ..   ..' ..   ..    2 votes. Yes
Leheney    4 votes. Yes,
Gould 10 votes. Yes
Shearme    3 votes. Yes
Van  Rhein   ....    t vote. Absent
Mills     2 votes. Yes
Mclnnis 14 votes. Yes
Phillips    3 votes. Yes
Matters     I vote. Yes.
Gabriel     I vote. Absent
Pound     I vote. Absent
Pritchard   .....   ..    1 vote. Yes
Williams     2 votes. Absent
Bruce     1 vote. Absent
Frazier     1 vote. Absent.
Laurensen     12 votes. Yes',
Crool     1 vote. Absent
Norman     2 votes. Absent
Rainey     2 votes. Absent
Little     t vote. Absent
Gray     t vote. Absent
MeDermott   ..   ..    1 vote, .\bsent,
Ward     1 vote. Absent
Nesbitt     1 vote. Absent
Kilpatrick        i.vote. Absent
The activity of the Russian revolutionary movement may perhaps be
measured very fairly from the statistics which the Birzheveya Viedomo-
osti (S. Petersburg) professes to have
compiled from official telegrams received during four days in the end of
September. Eight soldiers, policemen and officials and 88 private persons were killed in armed riots in
different sections of the empire, the
wetunded being 140. There were 67
political homicides, 9 train robberies.
Robberies were also perpetrated in
2 tramway offices and 5 stores, and
5 private persons were held up and
stripped of money and valuables. In
connection with these robberies 29
casualties occurred and 53 arrests
were made. The buildings destroyed
by fire by the revolutionists during the same period included 2 mills,
7 country houses, 81 city houses, 15
peasants' huts and 2 important government buildings. Sentences of death
were passed on 26 revolutionists, and
17 were condemned to life imprisonment with hard labor. The total number of arrests made amounted to 343.
Of revolutionary newspaper editors
4 were condemned to imprisonment
and fine. The disturbances made by
GPnvicts in the government prisons
resulted in the death of 8 persons,
the wounding of 14 and the escape of
11 prisoners.—Traslation made by the
Literary Digest.
The Socialist, the organ of the
Australian socialist party, gives a
graphic account of the terrible distress that exists in Melbourne. In
that city alone 5,000 working men
areregistered as being out of work.
In several of the other large cities
conditions are equally as bad. Taking this, together with the teports
that ccme from South Africa and
Canada—especialy Winnipeg—one can
but come to the conclusion that the
condition of things is better here
in England than in those far colonies
to which Rev. VV. Garble and General
Booth desire to deport the best brain
and blood and sinew of our people.
.At any rate, the conditons here are
not anv worse; while there is much
more wealth here; wealth which the
workers themselves have made. Let
them stay here, then, and assert their
claim to tlieir birthright, and not be
gulled into leaving it for their exploiters, and transporting themselves
to lands of poverty a.nil slavery thou-
sanus 01 miles away.—London Justice.
While human labor and natural resources arc being wasted by capitalism, and while, without the the waste,
the numbers out of work, and the
distress and suffering consequent upon unemployment, would be far
greater than at present, want and
misery are rife enough in our midst.
According tc a return issued from
the Home Office last week no fewer
than 48 persons are shown to have
died of starvation in the county of
London during last year. These are
merely the cases of those who died
in s .uuii-tances which involved a
coroner's inquest, and were pronounced by the jury to have died
from starvation, or to have had their
death "accelerated by privation."
• not represent a tithe of
those upon whom such a verdict
might be passed, but for the intervention ol some kindly malady
which renders the coroners inquiry
unnecessary. Even were it otherwise, and were thes all, it would be
a scandal and disgrace, and a reproach to thc humanity of the age
that 48 persons should literally die
of want in this, the greatest, richest,
most civilized, and most Christian
city in the world. The mere possibility of such a thing is evidence, if
evidence were needed, that there is
something very rotten in the present
order of things.—London Justice.
Delegates Watters, McVety and
Mills  appointed  press committee.
Moved by Delegate Thomas, seconded by Delegate Pritchard, that we
extend a vote of thanks to the
Trades and Labor Council for use of
Motion carried.
Moved by Delegate Watters,
seconded by Delegate Prichard, that
convention go on record as opposed
to the immigration of Hindoos and
Several delegates spoke in favor of
Motion carried unanimously.
Moved by Delegate Leheney, seconded by Delegate McKenzie, that
convention adjourn.
Motion carried.
Ernest Mills    Secretary
Frank Phillips   President
'■    a an 1 4
,_.. J. ±— «-
(wi wimo QLiitfti. v AirootHnrt. hilrom bonggL
flu Men Clarion
PuUlsaTtsi snrsry Saturaaajr ta tka
Intas-ssts of tbs working class nlosas
at taw Offlos ot tbs West*™ Clarion.
Flack Block baasa-aat, 1«5 Hastlnfs
Strsst, VaUscouvsr. B. 0.
Btttetly la AlvtassM.
Yearly mbat-rlpUora ea-ra*a la   lota
of 0va or mors. 78 carats smcfc.
Bundles of 5 or more copies, for a
period of not less than three months,
at the rate of one cent per copy per
Asftr-srtlslsTsg ravtss oa applicataoa.
If yen. rseeivs this paaer. tt to paid
Address all eommuade«tloaa to
Box 836,
Vancouvr, B. C
Watsh this lafral oa
par. If this ****jbyt to oa tt.
•four siitMrlpttflB sorpirastaa
Saturday, November 3, 1906.
Few there are who have been
watching affairs in this end of the
Province since the holding of the
twenty-second annual convention of
the Trades Congress, which sat in
Victoria last month, who are not
cognizant of the fact that aome sort
of a "frame up" was being arranged
to use the trade unions for the purpose of dealing a blow to the Socialist movement that it was fondly
hoped would place it "hors de combat." That blow was to be dealt
through the convention of trades
unionists held in this city during the
present week for the purpose of
launching a Canadian Labor Party.
Could this scheme have gone through
without serious hitch, it could have
been heralded to the world that organized labor of Uritish Columbia had
repudiated thc Socialist movement
and stood solid for action along
"sane, sensible and practical lines."
Great would have been the joy
thereat. A splendid vista was opened
up before the eyes of the instigators
cf the scheme in the shape of a continued lease of power to ride roughshod over the workers, while their
victims floundered aimlessly and
blindly in the fog and confusion that
of necessity envelopes all .political
effort tbat is made without a clear
knowledge cf its surroundings to
guide its course, and a definite end
to attain. Just what sort of a vista
was opened up before the dupes or
decoys selected to engineer the
scheme is not known. It may have
been one that appealed to their
love of self-sacrifice, for it is well
known that some there are who,
correctly estimating their own worth,
derive the greatest of pleasure in
placing their splendid talents at the
disposal of less favored mortals by
guiding them with tender solicitude
and fatherly care, from the slough of
despond to. elysian fields, the location
of which is known only to them-selves
Thopgh their vanity be fed fat by
the pleasing prospect of being able
to emblazcn their names in the temple of fame, and enshrine themselves
in the hearts of their countrymen,
because of their worth and self-sacrifice, let no dastard dare to insinuate that their need to have entered
into the original plot. Then, again,
the vista may have been one that
appealed to them more particularly
througn their auricular appendages
With souls attuned to heavenly harmonies a chance jingle of ducats may
have caused every moral fibre of
their beings to tingle with such a
"crystalline delight" that they were
resistlessly impelled to execute a
political "St. Vitus dance" that
could not be overcome so long the
impelling jingle continued.
Be that as it may, however, "the
best laid plans of mice and men,
gang aft agley." In spite of the
rallying of the clans that was energetically pushed along for a month
and more, with labor skates of the
"grit heeler" type lurking in the background to cajole or frighten the weak-
kneed ones into the breach, the valiant political "Don Quixotes" who
were to act as midwives at the ac-
couchment that was to bring forth
an Ajax capable of defying the
lightning of Socialism, went down
to ignominious defeat when the convention got down to business on
October 29. The story of that defeat is told in the official report of
the convention, on page 1, this issue.
From that report it will be seen
that the bolters represented a membership of about 1,500, while those
who remained true to the trust imposed in them by their constituents
represented approximately 5,100.
Those who voted for the resolution,
which practically ended the work of
the convention, represented close to
4,500 men.
All honor to the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners,
which instructed its delegates to bring
forward a demand for proportional
representation in the convention, as
against the ridiculous and tin-democratic basis of one union one delegate, upon which the call to tne
convention was issued. All honor to
the delegates who remained at their
post in the convention until its close.
That which can properly be accorded to bolters under any circumstances is contempt only. Had the
beaten element in that, or any other
convention been represented by but
one, he would have been a poltroon
had he not remained at his post and
obeyed the mandate of his constituents to the end. The only honorable way to leave during the lifetime of a convention (barring such
reasons as might arise Having no
bearing upon the purpose of the convention) would be to be thrown out.
In stigmatizing the bolt as a "baby
act," Delegate Leheney was correct.
Not only was the bolt babyish in
the extreme, but the subsequent action of the bolters has converted
them into wet-nurses of a political
infant, not only of doubtful parentage, but born about ten years after
its time. This in itself implies
constitutional weakness. Being the
child of no clearly defined economic
interest, it cannot but be afflicted with
the rickets. Though born with the
whiskers of antiquity; though its genealogy may be traced to New Zealand, or even Old England; neither its
venerable appearance or its illustrious
pedigree need be expected to protect
it from any political coyote that happens to wander in the jungle in
search of something to sharpen its
teeth on..
Political farces are played out.
No trundling of anaemic political infants up and down the battlefield
will longer suffice to stay the approaching storm. The hour demands
men who can accept facts and act
accordingly. Political necromancers
and wet-nurses had better take to
 o ■  "
In no province or state of the western hemisphere are the industrial conditions more favorable for the development of a vigorous revolutionary
movement of the working c.ass, than
in British Columbia. The bulk 0>
the population is proletarian. There
being no extensive agricultural territory in the province, there is no
considerable farming element to act
I as a conservative factor in the in-
Jevitable struggle that must come between tbe exploited wage slave and
his constitutional enemy and exploiter the capitalist.
The most important industries in
the province are mining, smelting and
lumbering. Around the centers of
these industries are gathered a large
number of wage slaves and a few
bosses, witb an unconsequential number of small fry traders sandwiched
in between. The class lines are thus
quite clearly drawn. Thc workers
around a mill, mine cr smelter find
themselves up against the real thing
in the shape of some one capitalist
concern. They receive drastic treatment at the hand of this concern. It
does not take them long to discover
the persistent antagonism of interests
between themselves and the owners
of fhe employing concern. From
this it is an easy step to discover
where the power lies that enables the
owners to assert their mastery over
the workers and hold them. They
find that power lies in the government of the province and the Dominion. They at once set to work to
wrest from the hands of their employers the control of this power by
setting up their own political movement and obtaining possession of the
legistlarjk/e and (executive chambers
in their own behalf.
The coal miners of Nanaimo and
Ladysmith so completely saw the
point and took advantage of it that 2
Socialist members of the provincial
house were elected two years ago.
In the Greenwood district the Socialist candiuate was beaten by only 9
votes at the same election. In view
of the fact that this was the first time
a candidate of the revolutionary proletariat had ever been put up in the
province, the election of two men and
the splendid showing made in the
Greenwood and other ridings mark
an achievement that has not yet been
duplicated in any state or province
on this continent at least.
During the past three years the
propaganda of the revolution has
spread with marked rapidity. It has
found its way into the most remote
and out of the way places. An indication of tbe foothold the movement
has in the province was well shown
in the labor convention held in btis
city the present week. Delegates representing 4,200 union men stodd together as one man against the launching of a so-called "labor party" upon
tbe grounds that the Socialist party,
already in the field, and with representatives in the provincial house, was
the true political expression of working class interests and deserving of
the confidence and support of every
working man. Those delegates who
stood for the Isunching of a "labor
party," in opposition to the Socialist party represented 1500 union men
The powers that be, in this province
may well take notice of the result
of this convention. It is no uncertain indication of what they may expect at the hands of the rapidly awak.
ening proletariat of this province, at
forthcoming elections. Things look
good in British Columbia from the
revolutionary standpoint.
the following resolution, which was
seconded by delegate Berry of RosS-
"Whereas the Dominion Irades and
Labor congress at its 22nd annual
convention, held at Victoria, British
Columbia, September 17-21, 1900
took steps to organize a labor party
''The World" of this city, the paper
that "prints the facts," with a yellow
hue, and a goodly share of political
fiction,   stated,  on   Saturday   last   at
[4 p.m. that Socialism in this city and J5"'f*,e"p« v.nce.Vnd this convention
province was dead and ready for in-j ^^^^^^     -~,:—*■  — •**"
terment. Our grave-digger sheet
traced its last fatal malady from its
inception, a few weeks ago in thc
Grand Theatre to its final and moribund state with a particularity that
must have been eminently comforting to some few of its readers, and
especially to itself.
But lo! within forty-eight hours of
this sweet assurance, this dead, defunct thing or its ghost stalks in and
proves itself the dominant influence
in a convention representing the
working class of this province. Was
ever political prophet so cruelly dum-
The doughty champion of Gritism,
the Maedonald of the mountains, had
stamped out the last traces of the
virus of Socialism in the interior!
and the triad tidings are hardly read,
the smile of satisfaction is still on the
faces of the faithful when the heavy
tramp cf the Huns and Goths of socialism is heard, from the scattered
camps of these mountains they come,
a solid p-halanx, not with funeral
faces, not to revive a dying or drooping cause, but charged and instructed
with the definite and imperative mandate of thousands of workers to declare to their brothers in convention
that the Labor party most worthy of
support, most becoming and honoring
to their intelligence and the most
efficient, not only for tneir final emancipation, but for tneir present and
pressing needs, is the political party
of the working class, organized in
their interests alcne, already in existence, and already represented in
the legislature, the Socialist Party of
Canada. They came, these terrible
Vandals, from the camp-fires of thc
mountain side, they joined forces
with their brother Vandals already
here, and in fair fight, they pierced
the antiquated armor of the motly
forces opposed to them. The eSete
battle plans and weapons, already
dishonored by defeat, bent and broke
before tne new and virile force, the
disjointed opposition capitulated and
stampeded, the Vandals entered the
fort, they captured the Convention.
After shedding a tear over the follies and miseries of Worldly political
prophets, let us pass on to review in
more detail the events of the Convention.
A report of tne routine proceedings of the Convention appearing
elsewhere, our purpose here is more
to discover and weigh its significance
and import to the working class.
The line of cleavage between the
socialist and tradesumon political
forces in the Convention were evident
at a very early stage in the proceedings and from their respective standpoints these were ably led by delegates W. G. Davidson, M. L. A., for
the Socialists, and Geo. Gray, Victoria, for the Unionists, if we except
the  cowardly  tactics   in  stampeding
of the latter.
From first to last Gray and many
of his following stood upon the mandate of Congress to found a labor
party. This was, by their action,
interpreted as being exclusive of the
socialist as well as the capitalist parties. Davidson, in a very temperate
but forcible and convincing speech to
open minds, contended that such party was already in existence and doing efficient work for the working
Delegates on both sides contended
that the Convention "was master of
its own destinies," and supposedly
free to formulate or endorse the policy best calculated to further the
interests cf the working class.
Far from it. Had this been true
the result might have been very different. Apart from the specific instructors from unions to delegates,
applying to both sides of course,
thete was the official mission of Delegate Gray to found a party and
coupled with at least one restricting
condition, viz., that candidates for its
suffrages must be union men of one
year's standing.
On the basis of one man one vote
the Convention was verj evenly Vil-
anced and had it proceeded on that
footing it is difficult to forecast what
the outcome would have been. Bat
on the basis of voting on the numerical strength represented, the Socialist side had a heavy prepondrance of
the voting power. The discussion
on this question revealed the. tactics
of the Gray following, and led to the
first party division. Every speaker
admitted the fairness of voting according to representation, but the opposition pleaded for the right to vote
as they sat "just for once" on the
ground that no provision had been
made in the Convention call for any
other method, and the impossibility
of ascertaining with satisfactory exactness the strength of die several
unions. Democracy was loud on
their tongues, but modest indeed in
their hearts and purpose.
The Convention duly constituted
was ready for its work, but, like a
nightmare sat thst big potential Socialist vote on the minds of the opposition and delegate Gray was already working hot under the collar,
making tsety remarks snd ready even
at this stage to throw up the sponge,
a marked contrast to the cool, respectful demeanor of delegate Davidson, who, without much delay, moved
has been called in compliance with
that action; and whereas no political
party can correctly express the labor
movement unless it stands for the
abolition of capitalist exploitation ami
the wage system under which it is
effected;  and
Whereas, a labor party is already
in existence, which docs stand lot-
that change, and which has received
the most emphatic endorsation possible from thc different labor organizations throughout the province, inasmuch as nearly every labor organization in the province has written to
the representatives of that party in
thc local legislature requesting them
to take up their grievances and endeavor to get legislation passed for
the betterment of their conditions,
thereby showing their confidence in
the said party; therefore be it
"Resolved that in the opinion of
this convention it is unwise to organize another labor party as it would
cause confusion among thc working
class, thus dividing their vote, so
rendering it ineffective; and be it further
"Resolved that we recommend to
the working class throughout the province the careful study and investigation of the principles and platform
of the Socialist party of Canada. That
we further recommend the earnest
study of the principles of Socialism,
as we believe that in the accomplishment of its aims lies the only true
snd permanent solution of the labor
This resolution proved itself the
bone that choked the opposition sec
tion of the convention. In support,
delegate Davidson, in a speech that
was forceful and sympathetic, traced
the previous efforts of labor in the
province to help itself by political
activity, and combination. He also
outlined his own political evolution
from undefined laborism, to his stand
point of today.
The opposition, however, would
have none of it, they would not or
could not, criticize the resolution;
they girded at it and clamored for
"another" Labor Party.
With the history of tbe Kamloops
convention and resultant party clearly
recounted by Davidson, setting out
under more favorable conditions than
exist today, and with a program more
advanced than that outlined by Congress, and collapsing miserably in a
few months. With this recalled so
vividly and the further fact before
their eyes in convention, to wit, that
the heavier half of organized labor
is already pledged to a purely work
ers' political party and that the result
of forming another must be the dividing and weakening of the labor vote
With these palpable facts before
them it is difficult to see what reasonable hope or honest purpose could
inspire the clamcrers for another
party. Tbat some, perhaps several,
were sincere in their efforts, wc freely
admit; workingmen have, as a rule,
short memories in matters political
and none too wide an outlook on
those factors and tendencies that govern their own material and social
interests, but our credulity it taxed
too much to believe in the wisdom,
courage or even honesty of leaders
who lack the manliness to discuss a
demote proposition, and under she!
ter of peunle technicalities stampede,
not only their ottices but thc Hoor ol
convention itself. Uy thc terms of
tbe resolution it will be seen that no
endorsement of Socialism by thc con
vention is solicited. Unlike Liberals
and Conservatives, Socialists are not
made by invitation, ln the interests
of the working class, convention was
asked to refrain from dividing thc
vote of the workers. It was remind
ed that an efficient Labor i'arty is al
ready in tne neld and respcuuiiy
urged to examine the principles aod
policy of the Socialist i'arty
Sooner than face a vote, however,
that would have done them no discredit, although involving defeat, the
opposition boned lie sheep after their
leaders, some with a lame excuse,
mostly with none at all. Last of all
the chairman, Aid. Williams, who, up
to this point bad acquited bimselt to
the satisfaction of both sides, refused to put the resolution to the
convention, although earnestly and
unanimously requested to do so. The
evident desire—planned and arranged
in caucus—to belittle tbe conveni.cn
and render the vole farcical, was in
keeping with much that had occurred
in the earlier stages. The little men
would not play in the fame yard
with the Socialists, they would have
a yard of their own. We believe
they have got one and are now busy
fencing it in.
For the Resolution 90, against 12.
The minority vote was cast by four
men who understood their duty better
than the stampeded flock. Among
them was delegate McVety, president
of Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council whos conduct throughout
was deserving of respect.
Whilst the event is an inspiring
one for the Socialists of the province
and will give increased impetus to
the movement, it will not be appraised at more than its real value. To
have seen some signs of a growing
appreciation of their place in society,
to have discussed in a candid and
fraternal way, the problems confronting the whole working class, and to
have compared calmly and seriously
their respective ideas of amelioration
this, we sav, would have been even
more satisfactory to socialist dele
gates. But no explanation can minimize the fact that in a representative convention of fifty men, whether
they bolt or stay, socialism commands a strong majority in the ,0-
ting power of organized labor.
Who, then, is he or they, who claim
that the workers of this province have
need of a New Party?
The decline ot socialism in British
Columbia dates from the evening in
May last when Comrade Hawthornthwaite, speaking from like stage of
the Grand theatre in Vancouver, announced that he had inaugurated a
socialistic propaganda and tnat he intended to educate the people of this
fair province into the tenets of revolutionary socialism,  which  has  for  its
object two Important  th^ng-*, viz.,
the return of a majority to the local
house and tlve removal of the dear
old Union Jack from the staff at government building at Victoria and the
substitution of the red flag of anarchy in its stead. From the moment
on which that declaration of the prin-
diplcs of socialism wa« made the
party was doomed. The Comrade
passed from Victoria into the mining
regions. Hc visited the gold and copper mines of Kootenay and Boun
dary, the silver mines of Slocan and
the ccal mines of Crow's Nest. He
convened meetings in nearly every
district and repeated his treasonable
utterances there. Hut he met with
opponents. The leader of the opposition, Mr. Maedonald, completely cut-
classed him at Rossland and as he
paused on iut.i the interior he met
with audiences that were distinctly
hostile. In two or three of Ihe districts he was refused a hearing and
when a month later he came back
to Vancouver, all he could cr would
say was that he had forbidden Mr.
Mcllridc to dissolve the house or
make "*Hilly" Ross attorney-general.
The results of thc propaganda were
favorable for the opposition. In all
the districts the people insisted upon
bedding the socialists and McBride
conservatives beneath the same blankets for it was shown that in every
scheme which had for its purpose
the spoliation of the public lands
the McBrideites and the Hawthorn
waites voted as one man. The Columbia and Kootenay the Kaien Island and the Spentc s Bridge scandals were all supported by the socialists. The paltry excuse that be
voted for the Columbia and Kootenay
land grant in return for government
support for his bill to reduce the
amount of the election deposit, was
exposed tiy Mr. Maedonald, wbo
proved that the grant was disposed
of three weeks before the deposit
bill came before the house. In several other instances the comrade's
habit of economizing the truth was
laid bare by reference to the ses
sional papers and journals of the
house, hc final stroke was administered by Mr. G. T. Kane, who
bearded Mr. Hawthornwaite in Vancouver a month ago and by a scries
of questions and a list of his votes
in the house, completely rut the
ground fron beneath lus feet ami
scattered Ins follower* Socialism ha*
gone to seed in Uritish Columbia. It
is no longer feared. In the country
is is regarded and treated with contempt by its la|e followers. In the
labor convention at Victoria Mr.
Hawthornwaite was refused a hear
ing by a vote of fi8 to 7; and re*o
lutions to engraft the red flag of infamy on the arms of the labor party
were defeated by a similar vote. At
Nanaimo and Ladysmith the electors
are preparing to throw off thc socialistic yoke and return members who
will be pledged lo oppose the socialist-conservative government. The
defeat and humbling of socialists will
mean the defeat and humbling of the
McBride government. The twe have
slept together and they will hang together. Socialism in British Columbia is dead and the people will
bury it and its allies so deep that
they will have no resurrection morn.
—From the Vancouver World cf
October 7.
gjt^J^ery Ut-w Union In thr
Htm) lo place a card un,.-, .1...
mouth     Bet.
marls*. „|rll„ 0„,turM-  ll* *,
PHotnfa     Miners'   Union    u
W. F. M.    Meets   tvTy >. 1.
evening st 7..W o'clock ,„  »"!d,»
hall.    Jo"hn Mclnnis, ,.„,,. *****
ter Morrison,  Secretary ' VSal'
Edward Bird.    a. 0. Jir,-Hotl ,  ;
Geo. E. MeCroaaan °n-J**
. MW •*« & McCRQUM
BAaRISTIITA.KOl.Kllo,,,  M(     *
Tal. ttt. p.o. Do,, oaa
tt* flMtiac* ftt. . . Var,,,,,,^ „ ^
Socialist ffiriij
Party af
uader this   head
Sscrsiartea al
of Uv Hoetaii,*
should run a earl
♦1.00 per moati.
CnlsaaMa ProOn, t«i K«*yuu«t
Committee. Socialist party of c„>
Meets every aJUmata Tu*s-
day.    D. G. McKenzie,
Box ftjo, Vsncouvcr, B.
Stive OimiiiliKv, do,
tarty et Canada. Mm'j
alternate Tuesday j. 0.
Morgan, Secretary. 6U 1 !..,;,-,,*
Street. Vancouver, it c.
^^^^^^^^ No. I. K l*. of (aa.
ada. Buatneas msrtinjcs fvcry
Monday centum* at hmJ juarters.
Itaflteae* Block. Ill Cambla Htrtft,
iraesa j, aacond floor) Bases*
ttoaal aaasittnca ewry fun Uy at I
a. sav, fat Sullivan Rati, o.njow
aTtadartc Tarry, fsscrstary,
, Vancouver. R C
ft. P. of C—M«U arc
fourth Tuesday!.. ■ ■ it.-igi
Headquatters. US'* Queen 8tr**t
Wast. f*. Dale. Secretary, tl Baary
Street Jewish Branch meets every
Saaaay algae same hail.
Local Winnipeg, 8. P. of C, meets
every first and third Sunday m tke
Voice office building, an Rupert
ave, at 10.10 a. m J Coi
Secretary, 220 Pnn<-r<s Street,
Winnipeg, Msn.
The above was evidently written in
anticipation of thc complete flattening out of the Socialist movement
which had been arranged to come off
at the trade-unicn convention of last
Monday. It was no doubt intended
as a prelude to the paroxysm of joy
into which this epileptic organ of
Liberalism expected to be thrown as
a result of the convention.
For blundering idiocy the average
bottle-holder  of  capitalism  is  unexcelled.   Every one at all familiar witb
the trend of thought, not only in this
province, but throughout the world,
knows that Socialism is the one predominating topic of discussion among
men in all works of life.   To the student, the thinker, the man capable of
viewing things from the standpoint of
the common good, Socialism  is  no
menace.    It presents   itself   to   his
vision merelv as the next succeeding
order of society that is to follow the
present  or  capitalist   order,  just ss
the latter has followed in the wake
of its predecessor,   each   of   which
represents but a stage in thc march
of mankind from savagery to an ever
higher and more perfect civilisation.
To  those,  however,  whose   mental
horizon   ia  bounded   solely   by  the
limits of profit-mongering and whose
sole ambition in life is to attain to
unlimited  power  over  their  fellows,
and thus satisfy their vanity by playing the part of the hog in the trough,
the Socialist movement is a menace,
indeed.    To the   bottle-holder   and
penny-a-liner,  whose  access  to  the
shekels that mskes existence possible,
depends solely upon their ability to
lie with the semblance of truth, and
levy blackmail  with the air  of  administering a kindness, the approach
of anything that threatens to curtail
the  field of    their    activities,    and
"crib cabin  snd  confine"  the  exercise of their talents within the limits
of moral rectitude and ordinary decency,  looms  up  as  a  threatening
"cloud by day and a pillar of fire by
night,'  to  strike    terror    to    their
quaking souls lest they, like Othello,
lose their job, and the only job on
earth they are fit for, at that.
The silly spew of the World about
the told deal thst Hawthornthwaite "sion:    *,-.-».,
got in tlve interior is all pure snd eluding supper.
Local Nelson. S. P. cf C. * ev
ery  Friday evrmng at $ p m . in
Miners' Union Rati, N H C
A. W. Harrod. Urgain/i 1
A Trained Nurse.. Must be a
Graduate from some well es-
tabfislied hospital. for particulars mile to
Sec Ymir General Hospital
Box 506 Ymir. B. C
adulterated falsehood. The n d-. 0 »*
display made by thc leader -i the
opposition, and other cheap p<> nctans
who met Hawthornthwaite 1 the
platform during that memorable trip.
is still a subject oi merrimnii to
every working man who had 1 opportunity of witnessing it. In tact the
itinerant bunch cf political
gists for capitalist ikulldu-gK' lthff
with Liberal, Conservative <>i '''
erick," who henccw.irth at!rni|'l f
peddle lheir slush to avorkinc ■ ■■■-
audiences in this province, will ' ■'*'"'■>
have their labor for their ;
There are too many wcrkmg '*lfrt
who are getting onto their >. >'
As to flags,    even    the
"World"   Itnight   at   well   (. '*
insignificant     soul      with     |uiten«
The national flags of today ate im '•
ly  commercial  trade-marks     \\
ever  one  of them  floats,  it  merely
signifies that goods of a ccrta* I"-1'"1
are for sale.    When this era "i '*•
ploitation,   with   its   attendant   trade
and  commerce,  ends,   these   t"lf
marks wHl no doubt bc rrlcKi"''1 "'
the museums of antiquity    Just what
may be substituted in their pi'"' "
problematical.    We may in turn-
come wise enough to know th" "'
live by labor, nnd not by ctnli'"" V!
of which leads us to remark thai |rt
the light of events that have i'-'ns_
pired in Vancouver since the above
editorial of the "World* wax »"'
ten, the "decline of Socialism '"
not be questioned. It is niutlirr "'
the "World's" facts.
C. M. I. U. Local No. M7. V.»>"'",
ver, B. C, will hold its second siinu»i
"Blue Label" Masquerade Ball at M>
ers' Hall. Pender St.. on the evening
of Nov. 30th, 1906.    The local "K-' (
makers are putting forth every ■""
to make this affair an even greate
success than the one of la t  >'•'
Brassfield's orchestra will be  1" »'
tendsnee, snd sn enjoyable time is »»*
sured to all who attend    M'u 1*-" l
by invitations received at the i-
Renovatory, 58 Cordova St.    Adm'.
Gents, $1.00;   ladies,  fjoc. "l r
t      ■ J
*H •
i®      ^^^^^^^^^^^
mass columns have been placed at
"dUooVal of ths Party. Secretaries
tanTag. of them In. at Intervals, re
;V;cau""ar;'r.quastad ta   Uk. ad-
9 ot thsm In. at Int
conditions in tlelr respective
'l',!n"fesC0 Communications under this
e'a ihouM be addressed to the Do-
ainlon or Provincial Secretaries. Lo-
a1;" ecreur.es are tartly requested to
k to these columns for announce-
n|.„i. from tbe toecutlve Committees,
!»'  "~
thu7 means the business   of   the
urty will be facilitated and tne Do-
Mr. Geo. Gray of Victoria may be
■luiscsscd of a little more egotism,
may be a litt'c more glib of tongue,
may be evct, so brilliant of intellect
as to appraise at its true value, as he
claimed, the labor and political situation in Canada in a few weeks, or
even days; but there arc others,, even
other .New Zcalanders in Canada and
ni Vancouver,   (juitc a number, pos-
,,, , ,    .       , ■•-.- »--• — r 1 sibly   like   Mr.   dray,   have   leit  the
lhe following amounts receive*! up J to Oriental; and his scheme for _ bring-1 paradise  of the  south   Pacific, tom-
nlnlon snd Provincial secretaries
eiieved of a MUe of the increasing
lunien of wires-raaadeaca.
date     .^^^^^^^^^^^^^
rrcviously  Acknowledged   ...f 120.00
llcction at Rossland      800
,, tion at Revelstoke       5-00
Total $ijj.8o
It has been decided by thc Provincial
Executive to build ap a centrsl fund
be used ia generally assisting in the
-miiiiK campaign and more especially
br the purpose of printing sno distri-
uting campaign literature
i.Ml  comrades wishing    to    collect
- this fund should at once apply
the provincisl secretary for a re-
ipt book.     No effort   should   be
bared in building ap this fund.
I The following smounts received »p
■v...-,i«ly acknowledged $ 1600
1!   Robelu....       1.50
leter Andersoo  •      100
nm Simonseo      100
Hansen..      too
Ii....! Hansen        too
els C. Nelsea      too
letter day for Seattle Socialists. An
audience of 1,200 listened to Judge
Winsor, T. C. VViswcll and Vincent
Harper in the opera house at an
admission fee of 10 and 25 cents. A
collection jc-f $50.00 was taken up
for campaign purposes. In the evening 800 people gatucred in Egan
hall to hear Vincent Harper deliver
a lecture on Sowing the Wind."
IJ. liurgess.
Sir:—You are, I believe, inviting
correspondence in regard to the labor
question. I have just read Captain
Clivc Philipps-Wolley's letter, and
quite agree as to the advisability of
employing British labor ill preference
to-work," is of course, the test of
decency. Let no ribald sinner make
too cbisc inquiry into the proper
classification of parsons and other
shiftless folk who are not only not
willing to do their own wcrk but too
helpless and lazy as well,
Thc ctold and sordid manner in
which the employing class and its
toadies and spokesmen look upon the
working class is well exemplified by
this English parson's communication.
His ccid-blooded anl conscienceless
scheme would no doubt need to be
"worked out in detail." His type
may be trusted to attend to that matter once they get their victims located
on the five-acre tract.
Provincial executive committee.
Hasinesi    meeting    postponed    to
11 day, November 6, on account of]
iu mclablc  absence   of  *»*mc  mem-1
m.   and  conflicting   dates.
Returns of convention expenses not __
.ill in    Locals not yet having for-1 willing-to-wurk    English    family,
drd same should do so at once so
per capita may be struck.
KK'ular business meeting Oct. 29. (
omrade Arnason in the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read;
1,1 approved.
Warrants  were  ordered  drawn  as i
Rent,' Sullivan hall    *i S°
'..ining  headquarters    5°
.iterators       *•
Comrade    E.    Burns    elected    a«
hairman   for the  McGrady  meeting
Nov. 1, and Comrade R. P. Petti-
.   chairman of the  regular  Sun-
.  n ght meeting on Sunday even-
•iii:. Nov. 4.
Financial Report
ollection  Suaday, Oct.  4* f7°°
iterature sales for week 95
Dues     2-75
• tal i'0-*;0
Report   received  and   meeting   ad-
ing over boys and girls from thc Old
Country and training them mi tlieir
arrival for farm and domestic work
is all very good, But all this will take
time; and in thc meanwhile, British
Columbia farmers are wanting help as
quickly as possible, and thc ladies do
not wish to be kept at kitchen and
housework for months to come, and
perhaps years. What we are wanting,
and wanting immediately, it seems to
me, arc not only men to work in the
fields, but women who will take in
sewing and washing or conic in for
a day's cleaning up when needed, and
children of botu sex, who out of
school hours will help at the chores.
And what we want, too, is not to get
workers who, atter being with us
for a few months will begin to complain that wc arc not giving them
due compensation for their work and
will leave thc farm fcr other more
remunerative employment—-or perhaps go over into the States. I think
thc way to make these immigrants
happy and contented would be on
every farm, if possible, to give them
a patch of land at once, which they
could call their own and plant a garden and a few trees and keep some
With government-assisted immigration such as has been proposed, could
not small families (say for instance,
a man and wife with three or four
children) be brought over from thc
Old Country, to settle on a corner
of their would-be employer's farm?
Surely it might bc well worth a]
'arn-.cr' while, oat of hit bundri
acres ii -.1 ol land, 1*9 >c. apart live
acres, rough-clear  it, budd a cheap,
cottage and offer a home to a decent;
^^^^^^^^^E family,    a;
deed   for  the  land   to bc  given,  say'
at thc end of live years, provided the
agreement,  whatever  it  may  be,   hai
j been faithfully carried out.    I   merely
.oiler this  scheme as a suggestion; it
; would require, •>!' course, to be worked
' out in detail.
Salt Spring Island, Oct 16, 1900.
nig to Canada to, as they say, '"better
Some tnrcc weeks ago a large
space in a London journal was occupied with illustrations of the shanties and slum dwellings of Wellington, the capital tity of New Zealand. Jn this issue we publish a letter from thc same community which
points pretty clearly to the fact that
even in New Zealand there are Still
rivers, or at least creeks to cross before the land or conditions of Canaan
arc even in sight- Amongst our
friends in this city are several ex-
Zealauders, who confirm thc opinion
formed without explicit information
of this kind; which opinion is that
thc condition of wage workers is practically the same everywhere under
capitalism. Shylcck demands and
gets his pound of flesh under every
flag, and in every clime. The preference given to union labor in New
Zealand, neither raises wages nor
creates a single more job. The exploitation of labor for the benefit of a
capitalist class is as real here as elsewhere, although regulated, possibly
made more permanent for thc latter
The letter referred to in the above
has been crowded out of this issue
a; a result of so much space being
given to convention matters. It will
appear next week, however. As the
writer has been for years a resident
of New Zealand, his opinion should
(,-irrv v.-e:f-ht 15 to conditions in that
alleged  paradise  of labor.—[Editor.]
from thc thralldom of class antagonisms. -   .
The uncompromisng opposition of
the majority of the members of the
new parliamentary labor party towards both liberal and conservative
parties is evidence of its revolutionary
character. And the opposition of
both parties towards the far reaching
reforms which the labor party demands must inevitably result in a
great increase in the socialist vote
when they have occasion to appeal
to the country again. Fron now on
there is every evidence that the advance of the English working class
towards its ultimate triumpth will
be  uninterrupted.
The infectious character of the revolutionary spirit is another of the
fears of the capitalist class. An advance made by the workers of one
country is the signal for the capitalists of a-11 countries to redouble their
efforts to retard the advance of working class enlightenment. Witness
the efforts of the German government
—which, thanks to the German socialists, were rendered futile—to save
thc tottering edifice of Russian autocracy.
This circumstance sometimes causes a momentary pause in labor's advance. But the workers, the dispossessed of the earth, having no county, gradually realizing their lot to
be the common portion of thc workers of all countries, take fresh heart
at the tidings of victory elsewhere.
And the recent victories for socialism in England cannot fail to beneficially influence the working class
movement throughout the world.—
Jesse D. Selby in Montana News.
Whether the writer of the above
intended to photograph political conditions, and the trend of thought
among the workers of.Canada is not
known. At any rate the picture is
a good one and is especially recommended to the minority representation in the convention held in this
chy during the present week, for the
purpo.-e of launching a new "Labor
Party." May it act as soothing balm
for their wounded feelings.
Some who started early are now selling ten
Z copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
a copy.   Send to   us for circulars and wholesale
prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
Tacoma, Wash., Oct ao. 1906
From every psrt of the state come
■ n    uraging  reports  of  grest  activity in the Socialist movement. Large,
enthusiastic meetings are the rule.
1 »ur republican and democratic
("brothers" are complaining bitterly
lullnesi in their rsnks and many ol
Ihem solace themselves and their
supporter* by repeating. Cannons
ise saw, "the animal kingdom is
niu-ntcd "when it has enough to
' ii Hut some of the animals arc
resciitiii-j  this  slander.    The  Social--
Iists   feel   sorry  for  our   "brothers,
and have suggested that wc can eject
mte   life  into  their  campaign,   but
Jlhese  "brothers" of ours do not seem
to .Icsirc such intense sctivity as a
meeting with us would insure. They
greatly     prefer    dullness.     Dullness
* uh  a   certain  activity  is  preferred
'.v    them    to    activity  without  the
1 "iigressman    Cushman  has  been
I prancing through the land looking
f(,r a foe worthy of his steel, and
recently    the    Tacoma  Ledger
( 'ishtnan pictured as an Indian warrior ont in search of Bryan, Lewis
"r Gompers, and in this picture these
worthies were dimly seen in thc dis-
'jincc, trembling from fear of the
<li*tant warrior.
About this time the Hon. Francis
W. Cushman received a registered
*Stcr from Seattle, containing a chal-
''•■iKc to debate with some rcpre-
H-ittative of the Socialist party.
•'orthwith Cushman rubbed the war
Paint off, threw away his tin sword
•md announced that he must conserve
his strength for the performance of
"s strenuous duties in Congress,
'•appy thought; resourceful Cosli-
Socialists of the country will kindly
""•'-' that the headquarters of local
^cattle and King county campaign
eommittec ii at 713 First avenue,
rooms 30 and  ,,,
Sunday, October   a,   was   a
Among the many interesting com
municationi being sent in to the
papers dealing with the terrible scarcity of labor that is causing such wails
of anguish to rise from the throats of
the dull-witted bourgeois who are too
lary to empty their slops, the above
from thc columns of the Victoria
Colonist is most excellent, lt is
heartrending to think that "we'' cannot obtain "men to work 111 the
fields," and women to "take in washing or come in for a day's cleaning
when needed, and children oi botit
sex, who, out ol school hours will
help at the chores," when "wc" so
sadly need them.
lt is evident from the tone of Mr.
Wilson's communication that he has
been unjustly dealt with by working
people, .for he plaintively declares
that "wc" do not want workers who,
after being with us for a few months
will leave thc farm for other more
remunerative employment." These
plaintive words would indicate that lie
has met with some sad and unfortunate experience in this line. Hut
thi* good man's remedy for the
evils indicted upon himself, and
doubtless his neighbors of like kidney,
is a simple and excellent one. Just
"rough clean" a small patch of land
build thereon a "cheap cottage" and
let the workman and his family "call
it their own," and the trick is done.
A garden could be planted and a few
trees, and some fowls Could Ik- kept,
and sinful indeed would be the wretch
who would not become a wcll-be-
haveil and docile vassal in return for
stub care and tender solicitude upon
thc part of his employer.
To some Mr. Wilson's scheme
might smack rather too much of a
reversion to feudalism. 1'erisb the
thought, This Wilson is an old
Church of England parson, one of
these sanctimonious persons who
would not think of suggesting any
scheme involving the workingman
except it would be for the interest
of that workman and his dependents.
No sky-pilot, especially of the Church
of Kngland brand, would for a moment allow any selfish personal interest to influence his judgment
while engaged in such a labor of love
(Continued from Page One.)
Thi< action was bitterly contested by
several  of  its  officials,  especially  its
secretary, who are still adherents  of
i tlie   liberal  party  and   who   maintain
I that labor would do well to continue
: ih   its  support  oi   that  party,  which,
I through  its  continued  opposition to
labor measures has forfeited all
labor's confidence and respect.
The same step has been taken by
thc miners. Those of Scotland and
South Wales have declared by overwhelming majorities in favor of
political solidarity.
All manner of tactics are being employed by thc reactionists within the
unions—who, like Samuel Gompers in
this country, arc doing their utmost
to perpetuate the delusion among tne
working classc that the interests of
exploiters and the exploited arc identical—to counteract the socialist
movement among union men. One
.<f them declared socialism to be a
disintegrating force in trades union-
is, and one of the objections of Mr.
Hurt, the leader of the North of
England miners, was that the socialists had counseled tne workers to
hold out against accepting a reduction of wages when advised to do
so by their leaders.  The socialists un
Willie  iM-virM*. ...
upon behalf of the workingmen. It
is undoubtedly good for workingmen
and their families to work in the
field, wash dirty ilothes and empty
slops for other people. In fact that
is what the Creator designed them for
If not, this worthy old parson is off
in his reckoning. This is not likely,
though, as every one knows a parsot*
is endowed with more than human
perspicacity and much wisdom. There
is next to no chance of one of them
being in error. The condition will
no doubt bc most satisfactory when
farmers, both heavenly and mundane,
get five acres rough cleared, ornamented with .1 cheap shack, and occupied by, "say for instance, a mafj
and wife with three or four children,"
provided they arc a "decent, willing-
to-work   English   family."   "Willing-
10 I'y tneir teauers.   1 ne av-.-a.isvs u»-
ilushingly  ple.tacd  guilty  to  such  a
charvre.    Hut when Mr.  Burt charged
them, as he uid,  with advising workingmen to leave their unions he was
uttering a deliberate falsehood. Most
of  the  leading   socialists   in  Kngland
I are   very   active   and   staunch   union
men, and are many of them  largely
responsible for the  present efficiency
of the organizations in that country
B*lll   in spite of the opposition of its
bourgeois  leaders,     the    foothold of
socialism   inside   the   Knglish   trades
union   movement   is   secure,   for,   as
the Llbor Leader says, "It is not the
position   of   socialists   in   the   trades
union movement that is in jeopardy;
it  is the position of those who, while
affecting trades  union principles, are
endeavoring   to   strangle   trades   unionism  in the interest    of    capitalist
politicians."   Socialism   is   secure   because it- gradual adoption as the result   of   tne   awakening     of     British
labor   to   a   knowledge   of   its   class
interests,     A  degree of class consciousness once  obtained  is  never lost,
but  must   continue  to  develop   till  it
culminates  in   a   victorious   revolt  of
n  producing  ilass  fully  conscious of
its interests.      II.   M.  Hyndman  observed in elTect, when speaking ol the
great socialist victories in the English
elections   of   last   spring;   "When   a
wave of socialism sweeps over a country  history    furnishes    no    instance
where it ever  recedes, b-ut it will inevitably be followed by another one."
This   is   what   the   English   ruling
classes  fear.   They  realize  that  if it
continues their existence as a ruling
class will cease.    Hut so helpless arc
they in the face of the advance of thc
working   class   lowarus   its   ultimate
victory over class rule that the means
which they employ to  retard   it will
inevitably react  upon  them  to their
own disadvantage.
The misson of thc proletariat in the
vast revolutionary process is the ending of class rule. It cannot emancipate itself without at thc same time
emancipating the whole human race
Notice is hereby given that after
60 days we intend to apply to the
Chief Commissioner of Land and
Works for a special license to tut
and carry away timber from the following described lands in Rupert District:
No. 1—Commencing at the S. W.
Cor. of Sec. 23, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains, tbenre south
.o chains.
No. a—Commencing at the N. W.
Cor. of Set. 14, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence west 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 3.—Commencing at the N. E.
Cor. of Sec. 15, Township 14, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No.  4.—Commencing  at  the  S.   E.
Cor. of Sec. 22, Township 14, thence
north   160    chains,    thence   west   40
chains,    thence    south    160    chains,
thence  east 40 chains.
No.  5.—Commencing at  the  N.  E
Cor. of Sec. 26, Township 14, thence
west  80    chains,     thence    south   80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 6—Commencing at the N. W.
corner of Sec. 25, township 14,
thence east 80 chains, thence south
80 chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains.
No. 7.—Commencing near the S.
W. Cor. Sec. 36, Township 14, thence
north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains.
No. 8—Commencing at post half
a mile south of the S. W. Cor. of
Sec. 31, Township 15, thence north
80 chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains, thence west
80 chains.
No. 9.—Commencing at a post
planted at the S. W. Cor. of No. 8,
thence south 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains.
No. 10— Commencing at a post
planted near the N. E. Cor. of Sec.
17, Township 15, thence 160 chains
west, thence 40 chains south, thence
160 chains east, thente 40 chains
No. it—Commencing at a post near
the N. E. Cor. of No. 10 thence west
160 chains, thence North 40 chains,
thence east 160 chains, thence south
40 chains, to point of commencement.
Dated Sept. 26, 1906.
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fall to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are several complaints from tbe same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
hla Tubscrlptlon expires are kept continually ln type and tbe mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints Justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity tn the
performance of their duties, even tt
they be guilty of nothing worse.
Tbe publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify this ofnee. Missing
ooplee will be rapplled at ones and ne-
c senary steps taken to locate the rea-i
son for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition in the future.
The publication of periodicals of
every description ts a specialty wtth
The "Clarion."     Telephone or write
:. r 1.*>.i>.1...i*. K.o. j lacii.t) (or *>.-e.i
tt j. S, «:id -i. o.ii.i.ntMs. unit satl-iXaK-.lou
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
ny Driving noi
reliable, lwnest,
high grade eett*
ing machine.
NitJoiMl Sewing Machine Co,
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FOB HAT see to tt
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed ln It If
a retailer has loose labels ln his pt ise-wlon and
offers to put one In a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label le perforated on feur
edges, exactly the same aa a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co..
of Philadelphia, la a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MO*Tnr, President, Orange, If. *.
MARTIN LAW LOU, Seaaetary, 11 Waverly
Mew Tork.
60   YEARS'
G  A. OKELL, Manager
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City.   You can always
depend upon our bread.     Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
Do you know we sell tman 10 te tb
cents cheaper than our eosnpeUtsars,
FOX   M.   03tA.»T»-aTS
Tt fevsrsasst ttreet, vMsrla, I. C
Trad*. Marks
..... CO»>VRIOMT8 Ac.
Anrona aanitttic a skat eh and deatrli-tlnn mar
-.aleklr aaoarlaln our opinion rtaa wttahar an
liiTaiiltnn Is probat-tr palaiitabta. Cim mantra.
ti..nssiriotlf coiindantl-U HUNOBOOt on I'aimiU
sant, f raa. UMast sjt«ii.-jr for securing patania.
I'aunta ukan tlirouuU Muun & Co. racelTa
sj-actsl iwMcs, vltbont ekara-a, la tb*
Scletitiffc American.
A nandsomelr lllaatratad vaaklr.   "Uraaat etr-
ottlaUon of anr acWntlSs lournaL   Tarnis, *» a
Hir ttojr months, #L Sold by all nawsdaalen.
Thl.Kl'HONK B77S
MtMnctflrtf M
Ni I Csstrs It.
y, \0000aam***ajmj**0ta**a*ms
*-« aoocK "Ibe Tduiihiess or Manuiac-urcra,
...-«, iuetrs and other* who realise the advt!-abll-
ity of having their Patent buaiue*» transacted
by Kxperta. Preliminary advice free. Churgea
moderate. Oar Inventor'a Adviser sent upon
rrqneat. Marion & Marlon, New York Life Bld*j,
Montreal; and Washin-.tou, U.C, U.S.A.
what the Party Is doing on the Pacific
Coast ot the United States.
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party and By the
Socialist Party."
Ten weeks, ten cents; one year, 50 cts.
For the
Having been authorized ■»
the publishers ef the Western
Clarion to receive subs nt the
regular rate-$1.00 per year
and apply one half of all noney
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you nre earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your sunt
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken far a
period ol not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which meaes a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE.
Prov. Secy
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C
! ■
•ttt* TOTBtft OLARiOlt,  VAMOoiftER,   BfttTISH    OOLtttftlA.
jg*& |j§Ajf.. y
*| * " ■ _ . _r  ■■,. - --^^ -   - , , ;,,  ,,■   .  ■      ■   r rj^- S
|  jj^lN^ THE 00M,M,0N  |
Edited by R. P* PETTIPIECE. to whom aU eurreswondenco for tills de iiartment should be addressed.
Ovet* <>,ooo workingmen in Uritish
Columbia were represented at tin-
labor convention in Vancouver this
week. .-Nearly s.ooo of these sen*.
delegates who believed tlie ScctHl-
istic Party would best serve their
interests politically. The representatives of thc other thousand odd refused to abide by the majority decision -and became "quitters," reining even to. discuss the merits or
short-doming'* of socialism. As the
matter now stands, thc decision must
be left to the rank and tile. With
this the Socialist Party  is  satisfied.
The ea^HOn.'' D. W. Higgins, editor of *he Vancouver Daily World,
has twice stated, among other "fact;,"
that the Socialist Party member for
Nanaimo, J. H. Hawthornthwaite was
denied a hearing by a cbte of 68 to 7
at thc recent Domini, i Trad-s' Congress at Victoria. The statement
absolutely false, and Mr. Higgins
knew it to be/false when he wrote it.
At no time was there"a vote taken;,
nor did Mr. Hawthornwaite, or anybody else ash that he be heard. This
can he wified by writing Secretary
Draper, Ottawa.
The local Daily World has endorsed the "platform" and "party" as
propounded toy a few seceders from
the recent. British Columbia labor
convention its Vancouver; It's all off.
not even the efforts of Wet-nurse
Gray can succor the child with such
a handicap.
_^_ o	
The following is a campaign card
issued by Mrs. Ada K. Schell, of
Poca, Neb., Socialist candidate for
State Superintendent of Public Instruction  t
"Socialism being tne product of
social evdution, the only danger lies
in obi*ructiiig it."—Rev. F. M.
Sprague.   •*
"The answer of Socialism to the
capitalist is that society can do with-
oufc-htnr- just as society does without
the slay.*;.owner and the feudal lord;
both^-were- formerly regarded as necessary to the well-being, and even
the very existence of society."—Prof.
VV   aarJfc--- ■;
Socts-gsni is the key that will open
the (Joor of the industrial world to
aH Iwmanity.
■S3; o—j	
In°"*B*f5ttsh Columbia three months'
wages or salary are payable in prior-
ity&Ltif-i'ja% "|>tiier claims in assign-
memfK'cif*i*eal or personal property
for the benefit of creditors, and the
employees rank as ordinary creditors for any residue of their claim,
as -in Ontario. This provision applies to wages or salary whether employment be by the day, week, job,
piece or otherwise. Similarly under
the Execution Act a judge may order
that the wages of employees, to the
extent of three months' pay, be a
preference claim, to be retained by
the sheriff out of the proceeds of the
extfcfitioii-. ■"' The above provisions of
the Revised Statutes with reference
to-lhe.4nrote.ction of wages in assignments and executions were re-affirmed in the Creditors' Trust Deeds
Act of 1901. Under the Fraudulent
Preferences Act of 1005 .also, t he-
payment of wages, as aBove, is safeguarded.—Labor Gazette.
T was dealing with such abstractions | the editor who found a field more
as influences, moral and social condU congenial to his talents on the Nations environment, and motive-., and j nainio Free Press. Alter that, tne
your'.smart editor might have arag- Ledger was left to edit itself, ana
ged in the time-worn, threadbare 1 has ever since been a kind of new-.
counter ot fancy or imagination. But j paper curio. One always opened
n mv last letter 1 treated only of : it with a lively expectation oUitnluie;
hard," solid fads, all of them easily j some literary or journalistic oddity
verifiable,      Wherefore    the    whole
as strange and inexplicable
say the editor's mysterious
It is**rfbt only providence that
moves in a mysterious way its wonders to perform nor is it God alone
whose ways arc past finding out. As
a result cf some strange and obscure process in the dark and arid
caverns of what only a sense of politeness constrains me to call the minds
tc-reujand, intellectual journal.  Here
surely-» unleoked for recognition of
the .ClatiiMj,  and  wholly unexpected
honor for "me;  and  I  am   sure,  sir,
tfNNieWMHl share with me the load
olLobUgalion we are under   to   the
***dR8f** of'nife; Ledger' for bringing my
tofgt-to-.jthe  notice  of   its   two   or
Hiretr' s'cofes    of    subscribers.      As
stWfcffc.uia that the letter should ever
Htm* been reprinted, is the reason as-
mgaed'Hbe'^ti re-appearance.  Accord-
•Jr|fei{?*tJ^f, editor's .ew words of .pre-
ftWrtne3 'epistle   had   some  kind   of
)tcin)dp1tg*i$i and therefore he copied
it for his readers.   The writer at least
wW31fmieV fhe  impression  that  his
preceding letters had also something
tdtltm vtifttliadyiintth, and he feels
fsontc disappointment  that  it  should
tike fWHSfttttempts to pierce through
the thick crust of the local editor's
intelligence    Then again we■ get an
awesome  impression cf thc  editor's
profl*jWj<||afl;ucumen   and    smartness
frofc nis oi6.ee of a caption.   In big
Sttl*V stf&fttPing  over  two   columns,
ne informs his little world that "jU-
!au3cr,»iveiW**ee Rein to Jlis Ima
gination."   Now in my previous letters [change came with" the departure of
episode i
to me as   .
knowledge of English grammar, his
peculiar notions of reason, or his
weird ideas of hosier.
However, the incident has stiKRe-*!-
ed to roe that no picture of Lady*
smith can be considered, full and com |
plete unless and until it contain-, an
account uf the city's law and the
city's press. In respect of thc former of these factors in thc life of any
community, it can be said at c-nce
that thc law administered in Ladysmith, like most everything else in
Dunsmuir's city, is more than a little
peculiar. One cannot say that there
has been or is a striking degree of
majesty about it, but there certainly
has been a woeful amount of fallibility.' This is thc more amazing considering thc character of the two gentlemen in and through whom the law
finds vecal expression, here are two
J. P.'s. One of them, besides an extensive and multifold business, is City
Clerk, School Clerk, and holds every
otner position in the city to which hc
could be gazetted by a grateful and
inventive government. Here at least
arc sure and unfailing signs and
proofs of alert intelligence, so that,
if the magistrates arc to be held responsible for thc rrrors of justice in
their court, set it not down in this
case, to want of capacity. The other
justice is a carpenter at Extension,
and it can at least be said that he has
a very real and lovely sense of the
imposing dignity of his judicial office.
Alas that truth should compel me to
add that in every other kind cf sense
leave and except the "gripping" sense,
he is most lamentably deficient.
For a period of a few weeks our
justices just escaped fame and really
did achieve notoriety. They floundered along in a deep and dark
streak of ill luck. They solemnly tried
men on charges which thc County
Court Judge had subsequently to
declare tc be entirely wrong at law.
They exceeded their powers and
overstepped their juresdiction in
another. They sent men to Victoria
for terms of imprisonment only to
have them released by the higher
legal power.,. In the Hanncy cast-
after hearing and dismissing a charge
they reopened the case and on thc
same charge committed thc accused
to the assizes. It has taken three
assizes to get round the legal diflicul-
ty involved in the circumstance.
But a more important point that
these errors of judgment is raised
' by the obstinate occupancy of thc
bench by thc second Justice, no matter what is the kind of case to be
tried. He is an employee of Dunsmuir, but that fact has never prevented him from acting on the bench,
even in case9 where Dunsmuir was
the prosecutor. The city's, sole legal
luminary in one such case where .he
was appearing for thc defence, endeavored to suggest, as delicately as
possible, that it would, maybe, be
better and look more decent if the
justice retired. The judge in the
man (there is no man in the judge)
was stung to the quick by the insinuation. With hand pressed to his
heart, he asserted his right to sit,
and declared his one judicial aim to
be the fair and impartial administration of the law, regardless of who it
might be that came before him It
was a most moving tableau. The
spectators hurried out, rushed out of
court to hide their tears and to give
free vent to their laughter; wntlc
tbe poor barrister was tongue-tied
for a week as thc result of his agonizing effort to keep the solemnity of
face demanded by the occasion and
his professional position, Why to
such a man it were a crime more
heinous than murder to damage or injure the property of Dunsmuir.
The doctrine of the Koyal l*lng-
lish Bluebeards' time, that a man
should count himself happy with the
goods or stock or money that his
prince did hot take away from him,
this man would swallow at a gulp.
That the king.can do no wrong, that
he" is above the law, that it is "presumption and a high contempt in a
subject to dispute what a King can
do," which Dunsmuir's namesake the
Sixth of Scotland and first of ling-
land claimed for himself, this man
is more than ready to concede to our
Island king, and yet he prates of impartiality! pah!
The state of thc press is even worse
than that of the law; The latter has
never yet attained to a state of grace
while the former, after having thc
mark of its high calling well in view,
has now entirely lost sight of it.
There was first of all a weekly newspaper, but thc editor and manager
of this concern in its last form, although reckoned a very smart man,
allowed a very stout party from Vancouver to steal in upon him from
behind and force him out of
business. Then with a full blare of
trumpets was launched the Ladysmith Daily Ledger. The sheet was
to have no politics; for Doc. Reynold was more than willing to go
slow at first. He also engaged a
capable newspaper man, secured a
service of telegraphic news, and, for
a time, the newspaper was a very
creditable    production.      The    first
week at thc same rate of subscription . Of course the change does not
work out so satisfactorily for the
subscribers as for thc publisher*.
The Herald without doubt is the
worst printed, most wretchedly ed-
dited, and most badly written newspaper in the province; but of COUr»S
it is Hobson's choice here and II
With all these changes the Ledger
has  also  edged  away  front   its   first
attitude of political neutrality.    Any
tiling   against   Socialism  or  likely   tO
damage the reputation of Williams
or Hawthornthwaite is sure ol 1
place ill its columns. And of course
il stands with the city and the city
booster*. Thai lhe miners, or such
of them as want to, should he al
lowed to go back to Extension
would he "disastrous to our city.'
9uch is the slow young editor's feeling towards the men who purchase
his   paper.      Just    one   nioulh's   ex
perience of the ride tc and from the
mine to the cily would Call 8 differ
ent tune from the young man, if it
did not send him piping beyond or
beneath the pearly gates. May be
litne will bring into his shrivelled
soul the lirst piMinpftigs of -ytn-
pa thy; it is too much to hope it will
ever bring hint wisdom or even BV*
entfe intelligence.
If report be true more than one
of the "bolters" from the late convention will find a "rod in pickle"
for them when they return to tlieir
respective unions and make report
of their poltroonery.
of   one   kind  of  another,    and    very
rarely  was disappointed.     President
Rooseveit has spoken and decreed
for "fonetic" spelling: The Ledger
was more original than this, lt has
a specially made orthography of its
own, just as if it were a new Chaucer
and there was not a dictionary in
existence. Ill il like spirit does it
set at defiance alike the most -acred
and most elementary rules oi grammar, while its sense of style is heavy
enough to sink a ship. Mill thc paper prospered, lt had made a good
start, and, of course, continued to
trade upon its first appearance. The
Ladysmith people, like the citizens
of other cities line to have their local tittle-tattle, and for months now
they have been paying 50 cents a
month for it. The owner, manager
and editor then saw in 'Nanaimo a
field for extended operation.-. The
Herald, that paper with thc strange
device, had run its dubious course.
Financed in the beginning largely
by working men, it was labelled
"'The official organ of the Labor
Party in Nanaimo."This label was
still flaunting after the burniing
down of the pit-head, and all thc
time during the recent strike. ln
connection with the former it used
up all its front page in one edition
in showing how a substantial reduction in wages was really going to
work out to the advantage of the
men. In regard to the latter it
showed a masterly discretion, and
its voice of light and leading was
never heard until after Ralph and
King had sat and found for the company. The label was never discarded until the newspaper changed
hands. The obituary of thc old Herald should certainly make good and
instructive reading, and if 1 can collect the necessary information 1
shall some day write it for the Clarion.
Cut the c.iange affected Ladysmith
more than Nanaimo. Shortly alter
the portly doceor had removed to
Nanaimo, the  editor  of the  Ledger,
Mr. Reynolds, Jun., announced "that j1? ,,le convention from the interior
owing to a shortage of paper, he had ;The closest attention wai paid the
been compelled to issue a six column} *»eaktn throughout and Vhc cvt-
sheet. Of course, it was to be only **cnt satisfaction at the outcome of
temporary, and, equally of course, '■ J** Conventon was unmistakable,
it remained permanent. The next 1 'he way Socialism is on the "de-
move was to change thc Ledger from | dine"   is   indeed   encouraging.
a   uaily   into   a   weekly   publication,  0	
but subscribers had thc offer  of thc '
Herald daily and thc Ledger once a j REGISTER !      REGISTER ! !
The "World** announces editorially, in its issue of November I, that
"it casts its lot" with thc bolters
from the laic trades union convention. That thc "after-birth will
prove to be a genuine "straight labor party"  is thus  happily  assured.
The Labor Convention finished its
work at noon on Tuesday and adjourned sine die. The Provincial
Executive Committee of the Socialist I'arty at once arranged ior a
mass meeting in the city hall for
thc evening of the same day. A few
handbills were distributed and announcement made in thc evening papers. About 500 people were in thc
hall al 8 o'clock. Tlie meeting St**
addressed by John Leheney, Archie
F. Berry, and William Davidson, M
L.   A.,  all   of  whom  were  delegate*.
Fortnely Editor Montana New&, will deliver an  Illustrated Lecture at the *
Scenes from Millionaires' Homes to the Sweatshop and
Soup house.
Socialist Party of Canada
We, the Socialist Psrty ol Canada, in convention assemb>ed
affirm our allegiance to and support of tbe principles snd pros-ram
of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to Ubor it should justly belong. To the owners oi thc meana of wealth production be ,<,„.,,
the product of labor. The present economic system is based upon
cspitslist ownership of ths meana of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to the capitalist clsss. The cap.
itslist is msster; the worker is slave.
So long as the Capitalists remain in possession of the reins
of government all the powers of the stats will be used to protect
and defend their property rights in thc means of wealth produc
tion and their control of the product of labor.
 Thc capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever swell m,
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing m-a-uie
of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class lies In the direction ol
setting itself free from capitaliat exploitation by tbe abolition uf
the wa(.e system. To accomplish this necessitates the trsnsfor-
mstion of cspitslist property in the means of wealth produ.-tiun
into collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the cspitslist
snd tha worker is rspidly culminating In • struggle for po**-,« ,*,,.,„
of thc power of government—thc capitalist to hold, the w niter
to secure it by political action.    Thia is tha class struggle.
Therefore, wc call upon all workers to organise under ths
banner of tho Socialist Party of Canada with ths objs.t ol ov
quering the public powers for the purpose ol setting up and enforcing the economic program of thc working class, ss follo*r»:
$ ....I...The transformation aa rapidly as possible, of capitalist
js* property in the meana of wealth production (natural resources,
factories, mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the
working clasa.
a. Thorough and democratic organisation and management
of industry by the workers.
3. Thc esublishmcnt, aa speedily aa possible, of producnon
for use instead of production lor pi ont
The Socialist Party, when m office ahall alwaya snd every.
where until the present system is abolished, make the answer to
this question Its guiding rule ol conduct. .Will this ltgi&Ution
advance the intereata ol the working claaa and aid the worker*. ln
their atruggle againat capitaliam?. II it will, the Socislist Party
is for it; if it will not, the Socialiat Party la absolutely opposed to
8 In accordance with this principle thc Socialist Party pleljes
itaelf ta conduct all tha public afaira place 1 in iu hin 1. In sail
a manner aa to promote the intereata of the working class alone
1,  THE   UNDERSIGNED,  hereby   apply   for   mmber-4***-
in    Local Social it
Party of Canada.
I recognire the clsss struggle between the capitaliM ihu*. and
the working class to bc a struggle for political supremacy, it,
possession of the rctns of government, snd which decenitatci
the organization of the workers into a political patty distinct
from and opposed to all parties of thc capitalist class.
If admitted to nieiiiber*>hi|i, I hereby agree lo nwints 1
ter   nit 1  OO  relati'Ui*.  with  .my  "ther   poiit.'cll   pi  tl
iiiyiclf to support by v..ice, vote and all other lr-.; t matt
the ticket and tbe program of the S<xt:ili*.i I'arty ..j Can .
Applicant   ...Address  	
Occupation    Age    Citiirn   	
Admitted 10 Local    *'*o
 Chairman    ,Rci
 l-KoMfr HAI.KS  0CH.K KK*tl lit*"
Cor. Abbott ttt Cordova Sts. Old Coo. Building.
t       HAROWARE and
♦ Sccor.d Hand Oealer
f'oou-    Stoves   and   Tools   o
Wo have a lnrge quantity of
t'UiHH fruit j.u-H for sale. Pints.
50c [Kir down ; quarts, 00c ;
and 2 quarts, 70c.
Stores—137 and Ij8 Cordova
St. a.
Hardware, Junk and Furniture. '
•MMM 1579       Vaacsivtr, I. 0.
Practical Boat
•■•J Mot Nike
Han't-Mail*- Boots and Hhoea to order In
aUatylea.   kepaliina pram-itly and neatly doue.    stock of staple ready-made
fihota always on *haud.
MM Vattaiostof Ave.
Hlnitle    capi**,    "1   " ' '"    ' t
'•oplea,  2& e«-nts;   K. '   : \
centii,   40     OOples    S' '"" ♦
copies and  over,   :  t-pnts i,,r
Tlies* rates Include i-"':'*"'
to arty pari of Cnnu.l 1 m lh'*
United Kingdom.
'The Weitern Clarion' f
WIIKN IN VA.Neoi'\i:it. STOP *f
Aitnorr  STitii.r
Mrs* Class liar.       teoellcnt ll"™1*
CAFE   OPKN   DAY   AND   N'<i,|T
aMecs MouVniii*.
aasaasas » m .
COKE is an excellent fuel for grates, hall   atoves, furnaces and
cooking stovea, making a clean, bright fire without emoke or dirt.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
a«»^«»sa»^——«»»^^-—~sja>—— r'TTisin is a u si i t* ——■*■


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