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The Western Clarion Jun 16, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
sabMrlptlon Price *i sTs'am
rat vntxs       SI.fO
Showing How ths Unsophisticated Wage-Slave It Made the
Victim ot the Shipping Interests and Human Leeches
and  Vampires Fatten Upon  Nis  Misery.
111,.   CllSt
Interest being nroute.l ov*T
of "shanghaiing" Of the ol<!
,nB„ Keating, a few word* explaining
.... method* of those modern pirates
'.mtimiily known amongst sailors at
'boarding masters." may be timely.
Thl. praciottS giniK that run this kind
- bustnasa on the Puget Bound offer
a very BOOd Illustration. The notur-
i„llH Sims (whom; name played a pro-
,,,1,.,.,-t pm t In the above ease), bas a
partner in Seattle by name of Smith,
and tboss two men run a .uloon railed
',(„. "Utter Kxchaiige." in Washington
«,„.,., o| that city. They alao have
,„.p«i inert ln Tncoma and I'ort Town-
Mod. In Tacoma (old) they k**p a
Joint known a. the "Pallor'. Home,"
nlll by Ryan * Kvan«. and In I'ort
Townantd the "Bailor*' Home," run
i,v snotbsr, l-*vl Maxy.
Port Tuwnsand i. the rendesvons or
-neccs where inosl of the victims net
,„,. reoelv* the final coup ft* grace,
When victims a e Scare* they corns
over vi this tide of the line ami decay
over i" fori TuwussHd by honeyed
words, t*or.e or other artifice, any one
foolish enough lo believ* them.
Wh.-n these tactic, fall, brute force
|i retorted to. and few indeed are they
who manage to escape from thlt park
Of unhung villain.. It wo. only the
olher .lay that a sailor at I'ort Town*
tend thot and killed one of their mlswr-
ible flunkey., who do the slugging.
perl Of the business. The I*a< Iflc Const I
hat always been B r-rollfU- .phere for
Hi? nefarious operations of thene t arn
any way, It may be added, to the loss
Of the party. Drawing room Soclal-
Isni In at beat not much use. But far
more serious to the party than the
logs of these dilettante Socialist, waa
the Influence of the Confederation du
Travail, which I. prepossessed with
the cry of direct action and the non-
Importance of Parliament, and there
Im no doubt that this lost us hundreds
of thousands of votes among the unenlightened workers.
tailors about the Injustice of many
consuls nnd instead Of trying to help
or protect their respective subjects,
they simply look for graft and connive with skippers, "poardlng Mas-
lei»," "Shipping Matters," Ac, to rob
th..  poor denizens of  th<*  fo'castle.
Should a man protest to the "Board-
Iiir Matter" that he has no clothes or
not sufficient lo ko to tea with, he
will b* Informed either by th>- crl-np or
tklpper ihnt they keep a fine "slop
chest" on board.
In most Hrillth thlpa they do, and
they don't forget to charge, too. I have
paid at much at four timet lhe market
value of goods, but In American ships
th*"y can only extract ten per cent, profit on the market pi Ice and furthermore are force,) by law to carry "slop
ch. sit," and alto the s. ale of provisions In American thlpt Is much bet-
l.i. 1 might say In this r**p*ct liirtt
Hi It lull ships are th" hungriest or worst
f.-.| In the world, and afford a striking
example of capitalistic     exploitation.
The onlv time, as a rule that man .an
g.t paid off a Hrltlth vessel I* when
ah* returns home, and th*n only within
certain geographical limits. The reason of thlt is lhat most of the crew
Clear out In the various ports during
lhe course of a long voyage, and even
young apprentices frequently run
From time to tln.e articles appear In
the capitalistic press of Great Britain
bewailing   the   decline   of  the   British
The police in Erfurt solemnly fined
a shopkeeper five mark, for letting
his dog go about wearing a red hat;
lhat was held to be a grave nuisance
(groben unfug), a very elastic term
in German law and one which afford*
tb* public prosecutor a sort of general sack, from which he can draw
out a charge against any person who
may happen tn be displeasing to the
Government. Another comrade had a
line raised from 9 mark, to 30 on appeal. Il appears he was wearing a
red tie which had a similar effect on
the chairman as on a bull. In fact,
the German police and police magistrates seem to share the prejudice* of
the bull In this respect. They certainly afford a comical Interlude for
the movement. — ijondon Justice.
The Dominion of Canada Is the
owner of an Ice-breaking steamer on
the St. Lawrence called the Montcalm. In digging through the public accounts it has been discovered
that the following articles are included in the Ice breaking outfit with
which thi. steamer as been equipped:
Four cream Jugs, each 112; .Ix fruit
stands, each 124.75; three trays, each
til; three dozen knives, each $2.50;
cases for knives, $12.75; two pair, of
fUh covers, $13.30; two bread plates
und knives, $24.50; two cake baskets,
$30.25; seventy-two breakfast cups
and saucers, each $1.04; two coffee
pots, each %1'i; four milk Jugs, each
117; two sugar bowls, each $27; champagne and hock glasses, $72; sherry
glasses, $30; three Ice pitchers, each
$20, and scores of other Item, of a
similar nature.
All that is now needed to complete
lhe equipment for a successful ice-
breaking expedition la the Ice and
the champagne. It is hoped the Ottawa administration will take immediate steps tu see that these necessaries are at once supplied so that the
crew  may get down to business.
With Owl-Like Solemnity he Rehashes the Stereotyped Meaningless Rubbish With Which Msntal Bankrupts Attempt
to Stay the Wheels of Progress.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^   seamen, but  thc  real reisons or truth
sites.   In Portland. Oregon, there It a I (>f ljv mftUtr J upyer pl|m<,() r,mj)Iy
fellow by th* name of Sullivan. »h'« L„..aw ,,  ttiu n„, ,^.,r investigation.
*      '     It would require a good sized volume
to give anything like a full SXpeetUen
Of the corrupt mstboda of profit mon-
Ill-gotten gnin* huve Increased t
ixt.iit thnt he has been able to laugh
SI sklti-eni. consuls and even the s-.it.
authorities, and lt wa* only by the
IhreaienOd Intervention of the federal
nuih..rltl.-« that he drear ln hit .laws
a bit and reduced the blood-mote-y.
Not  long ago in  *tan  Francisco the
British lonsul had a controversy with ' .   " ,  ._,.*„ ,~^*\T,-^m-.. .   :
...... ,. ,,   ! local crlmi-a and b Oodsuukcrs.
lhe    ' hall.irt      Home,       a   supj-.sc Hy
respSCtalH* place run by pttilm sliii*«r*>. CI.A'KKI- HASH
ihem  amongst   olh.-r  things      Vancouver. It. *'.. June 1Mb, lttifi.
g.-ring at Ihe expense of the wage
slaves of lhe sfa; and it it to be hoped
the responsible authorlt'cs of this port
will U* ns good as their word and put
a slop once an.) for all to such outrageous proceedlngi on the pun of the
ihtriitng    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
with steading m<-n from thlpt and re- j
Sblppmi  tnhi   men  In  other      vessels. |
Many a poor wretch ha. been .hipped
In 'Frisco .board of » whaler, served
three years In the Ar. tie. and return* 1
only t.. retelvc a big Iron dollar as his
loiiip.-ns.-itiim.  New  York.  Philadelphia
and Baltimore especially the     latter
my.  fumith  hunting   grounds  f..r   the i
unscrupulous    crimp.,      whose      dirty i
work furnlfh'-s lots of material for the
t.-nt*tli>nal  press of  lh.se plies.  Th. j
oyster schooners out of Haiti.not* hav.
.in un.-nvlab'e reputation and not only
are      men      kidnapped.       browbeaten.
th itighafed   Ac.   but   are      frequently
murdered la «-oid Mood, and this last
•eason   proved   no   exception'to      the
rule, and furthermore this all happen*
within  50 mile, or so of  Washington.
I). C. where King Teddy and hit government never tire of screeching about
..ur free born citizens and our love of
Justice.  Ac, Ac.    "Hoarding   Masters"
ure not the only one. who look upon
l«.or Jack aa their legitimate prey.  A
good  many  skipper.      of  vessel*  and
...ntuls are nlso In the swim.   The following en." will amp'y prove the contention1.    A   few   years  ago   a   Uritish
■hip arrived at Tacomn.   The next evening,  when  it  was  nice and  dark   a
launch came alongside containing the
"Boarding Master" and assistant,    lie
entered  the fo'castle  with the salutation of well, boys.  1  suppose you arc
nil ready to go o»hore (at this Instant
producing a couple of bottles of—well.
nome kind of stuff.   The majority prepared to clear out. and during the operation,  the  watchman     came to the
door and Informed the crimp that his
majesty  the   .kipper  desired nn audience with  him.    Thc  "Hoarding  Master"   replied  to the  watchman,  something  like  thU:     "To  hell   with      the
sklpiier;   It l* all  right, boys, don't   be
scared.     Skippers   ain't   of   much   account round theae parts. Ac.. Ac. Meantime the watchman conveyed his message  of defiance to the cnptulii,  who
In turn called his two mates and  the
Itmun   and   prepared   to   obstruct   the
exodus of the crew.    The     "Hoarding
Master." taking in the .Ituatlon, say.:
"I guess 111 have to sec the old man."
and therewith proceeded to the cabin.
That he had "seen' 'the "old man" to
the lutter'a aatlsfoctlon was quite evident, as hc remarked on coming forward again to the men, "It's nil right,
boys,  I've  squared  him,"  und  nt  tho
same time tho mates and bosun went
back to their rooms.    Needless to say
the ciew went ashore without any hindrance whatever and this Is a common
The skipper get. so much n head, nml
likewise again, when the vessel Is
ready to .all, the crimps supplying another crew and the aklpper making n
nice little rake-off.
Not only are they glad to see men
run away, but sometimes work them
up or make their life bo miserable that
thoy run away aa the lost hope, thereby causing a vacancy to be filled, good
for both Hklpper nnd "Boarding Master."
I, myself, have gone aboard ships It-
different places and asked for n Job,
but was told to go to go to so and bo,
tho "Hoarding Master," ns he hnd the
contract or ngrcement to find n crew.
In other word, they could not make
any plunder by shipping me straight.
It Is common talk among deep water
one     ^^^^
The new premier said. In a t|*ecch
< n electoral reform that where thc ne-
I eatlHea of the state and the popular
scute of right coincide, all resistance
is ho[«-|ets. This was addressed to '.he
bOUIgSjol parties who are opposing reform in their own Itnerest. This proves
thai whatever Minister Is at tbe helm,
no malt.-r what his ..pinions may be,
il makes no real difference as no Minister can avoid the Suffrage question,
m dare to try to stem the progress
of manhood suffrage if h. withes to
remain In office. The ttream is too
powerful to be dammed buck, or even
turned off in another direction.
' I-Yawv.
The growth of the Socialist vote
.Hiring the recent election was most
encouraging. In the two constituencies of Amiens the vote Increased
froni last election, In Amiens I., from
«e» in r.sssi;   in  Amiens  IT, 1.062   to
1.2SJ. A similar Increase oeeurff-d In
Alsne. In Bt. Quentin I., the vote rose
from 2.500 to close on 7,600; St.
Quentin II., from i,f00 to 6.700. In
the election of our old comrade <5ues-
ue, out Of 18,141 voters. 22.669 went
to the poll, and our comrade polled
11,141 against m.si; given to the Industrial king, afotte, When one knows
what "persuasive forces" were brought
Into the field ngninst Quoad*, and .Im-
llarly It may be remarked against
Jaures, who fought and won under
very similar circumstances nt Car
mnux iigninst the Industrial king then-
It will ba seen how our French friends
Increasing In stnngth. liuesde.
be remarked, lias been kept
during    the    lust
In themselves, money and commo-
<>itie. are no more capital than are
the mean, of production and subsistence. They want transforming Into
capital. Bui this transformation it-
nelf  can  only   take   place  under   cer-1 power,
lain circumstances that centre In thi*.      "	
viz., that two very different kind. Of
commodity-possessors must come
face to face and into contact: on the
band., owners of money, moans of
  in.'a.is of subsist! ... e, who
are eager to increase the sum of values tbey possess, by buying other people's labor power; on tbe other hand.
tree laborers, the sellers of their own
!..hor power, and therefor* the seller.
of labor.    Free laborers, In the double
lens*  that       neither  they  themselves
form   part    and    parcel  of  the  means
of production, as In the case of slave.,
bondsmen,  A;c.  nor do  the  means  of
production  belong  lo them, as In the
< as* of peasant  proprietors;  they are
th. refer*   free   from,     unencumbered
by, any means of production of their
own.     With   this   polarisation   of   the
market   for  commodities,   the  fundamental   conditions     of   capitalist   production are given.   The capitalist system  presupposes the complete separation of the laborers from all  property In the means by which they can
realize  their  labor.     As soon as capitalist  production   Is once  on  Its  own
legs, ll not only maintains this separation, but reproduces It on a continually  extending  scale.     The   process,
therefore, that clears the way for the
capitalist syBtem,  can  be none  other
than   the   process   which  takes  away
from the laborer the possession of his
means of production;  a proee*s that
transforms on  the one hand, the social means of subsistence and production Into capital, on the olher,      the
immediate producers Into wage-laborers.    The so-called primitive accumulation, therefore,  is nothing else than
the historical process
of divorcing the
producer from the means of production. It appears as primitive, because
it forms the prehistoric st.ige of capital and of the mode of product. <n
corresponding with it.
The economic structure of capit ..'-
1st society has grown out of the economic structure of feudal society. The
dissolution  of the  latter  sot  free
elements of the  former.
The   Immediate    producer,
the   la
borer, could only dispose of hi. own
person after he had ceased to be attached to the soil and ceased to be
the slave, .erf or bondsman of another. **To become a free seller of labor
who carries hi. commodity
wherever he finds a market, he must
further have escaped from the regime
of the guilds, their rules for apprentices and Joe; ncymen, and the impediment of their labor regulations.
Hence, ihe historical movement which
changes the producers into wage-
workers, appears, on the on.* hand, as
their emancipation from serfdom and
from the fetters of the guilds, and
ihis side alone exists for our bourgeois historians. But on the other
hand, theae new- freedmen become sellers of themselves only after they had
been robbed of all their own means
of production, and of all the guarantees of --xlstence afforded by the old
f. udal arrangements. And the history of this, their expropriation, is
written in the annals of mankind in
letters of blood and fire.
The Industrial capitalists, these new
potentates had on their part not only
lo displace the guild masters of handicrafts, but also the feudal lords, the
possessors of the sources of wealth.
in this respect their conquest of social power appears as the fruit of a
Victorious struggle both against feudal lordship and its revolting prerogatives, and against the guild and the
fetters they laid on the free development of production and the free exploitation of man by man. The chevaliers d'industrle, however, only succeeded In supplanting the chevaliers
of the sword by making use of events
of which they themselves were wholly
Innocent. They have risen by means
as vile as tho^e by which the Roman
fieed-man once on a time made him-
s.-lf the master of his patronus—
Krom Capital, by Karl Marx.
In the light of these exposures that
are now following each other with
such lightning rapidity they appear
to be maintaining the position to
which they have risen by means so
unutterably vile as to make the vile-
ness of the Roman freed-man, referred to, the work of a clumsy amateur
in comparison.—(Ed. Clarion.
D. VV. Bole, M. P., can hear the
slightest whisper at Ottawa when the
drug trade la concerned, but when a
working class pnper ls excluded from
Canada the acoustic properties of the
House are so bad that he can hear
neither question nor answer concerning thc tame. Lately he has been so
busy finding fault with an eastern
| member for butting into western affairs, L e.. Mr. Burrows' little timber
deals, that he is quite unable to lend
hi« attention to anything so paltry aB
the freedom of the press. We have
Just the kind of representative we deserve, no better and no worse. He
could not be worse, anyway.
*   s   *
It has become quite fashionable now
to pose as a Socialist. So< lallam has
quite a garb of respectability. This
would be the death of the cause if
ideas made conditions instead of conditions making ideas, for it is needless
to say that the Socialism that Is respectable and in danger of becomng
popular is far removed from the real
thing, it is merely a bourgeois radicalism which it its exponents had ther
way would smother out the genuine
article. However, this feeling shows
which way thought is tending, and is
causing more or less alarm amomj
those whose privileges are threitened.
Many dignitaries of the educational
world ru*-h to the rescue, and the
p. ess, with cheerful alacrity, giv-.-s full
publicity to their anti-Socialistic vews.
Some of these gentlemen are possbly
sincere, but appearances go to show-
that they are merely anxious to serve
their masters in order to hold their
jobs by prostituting tlieir intellects.
One of the latest of these defenders of
the capitalist faith is Biof. Jeiemlah
\V.  Jeiiks,  of Cornell   I'niversity.
"dominant." Of all the hazy sociologist, a university professor ls the
most ha/.v.—Spartacus.
I.   may
out of Parliament
,ew   Parliaments largely owing  to the
which the moneybags or nts
I were able to bring to bear
and Jaures hnd
mm nmrnmm « snssr iMam-m rass.» » -sh
Institutions are
variable and chang-
on   the  constituency. ^	
this time Instead of the help of the
"llloc" us formerly, a bourgeois "Bloc"
against him. Dclory again won a brilliant victory in Lille with 9,424 votes
a   Progressist  and  ■•   "~-'i<*-*i
l„g things.   Tlu-y depend not «P*n_anj
making bj ...«■••            -....-.-.sent
,c, of certain things vvhteh represent
by   man.    They are  the  pro
^^^^^   tain things
Ihe economic  work  of  man's
necessary results of ec-
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Radical
Socialist; In 1902 he won only In the
second  ballot  with   K iui leal  help,  this
-       **--   Ua.,1
tfme he won tn the first.
Department the Socialists got  105,000
In the Nord
i got  105.001
bourgeois pat-
lose to tin
the  miners'
votes, equal to all the
lies and approaching close to the Clerical  party.     Basly    "        -' -'  **i»>.
gate,   unfortunately
~ I., .met   u ■„ „.„,,.,„ .,
men's  organism
lost   3.000
owing in part, it Is feared, to ^dif
ferences  among  the
,,,..„     in Sedan, Hisnlle won with ..-
?00 votes against 7.100.B.ogressist and
he K„t   even ... the second ballot
5,600. ^^^
rose from  -
lhSbhii"be*n"no"candidate before
700 votes aganini <,»w ».,„.
Republicans Of the Left—-lost election
got, even In the second ballot, only
In RoCkrOy the Socialist vote
,300 to 3,900, and in two
constituencies, where
One feature has
,   ..„   „r  inose   Intellectuals
"u,nl uaTurlng the Dreyfus crl
^tiTnaVS   hMTm°»  thftn  mad'
h-,d °: Xe.yli%^thrUl
more  -tern lm l>   I uncertaln
becomes the more u
•laments tu.-" rtVU,>
They are the ..„■» ,
onomlc flow.     Your economic conditions and  your    Institution,    change
wit hthem, so that although your Institutions may appear to be the same
they   are   In   reality   exceedingly   different.     For   example   four   or     fly_e
hundred years ago the Knglish Monarch   was simply   the  crowned   head
of a land holding system.    A system
in   which   the   barons  and  the   great
feudal lord, were the dominant clasa.
To-day the British monarch Is simply the representative    of    the    great
capitalist   system   of     the     moneyed
wenlth of the empire, and Instead of
King  Edward  representing tho  lord,
of so  many  acre, he  represents  th*
lords of so many millions of dollars.
When  tne United  States of America
was formed It wa* formed as a republic, that was because the United States
at  that  time  consisted for  the most
part of farmers who owned their own
land and of artisans who owned their
own  tools, they  weru represented by
r,. democratic government      ln which
equality or something approaching to
equality   wns   the   key  note,   and   today the republic and Its institution,
stand  in  appearance  the same,   but
they are dead ln reality, for the United States is no longer a republic. It
is an oligarchy and  thc president ot
the United States Is no longer the president of n free people, he Is simply
the spokesman and executive authority of a group of many capitalists In
And so we might follow It ull
through. Even religious Institution.
change to conform with the existing
conditions, and the clergyman of the
South who spoke so vigorously In favor of chattel slavery In 1860 and 1861
ls speaking to-day Just as vigorously
In favor of the Imprisonment and
murder of the little American children
In the mills of Georgia nnd South Carolina. He ha* simply changed his
master. His master formerly was a
land-holding slave-owner of the South,
while to-day his muster Is the bond
holding, sweating tyrannical capitalist of the Northern States, which Is
cntlng up the flesh nnd blood of the
people employed ln the cotton factories of the South.
Institutions change. Nothing Is of
less permanence than Institutions, and
It Is only the ignorant who speak of
the stability of Institutions or empires.
The system of economic development goes on and It flows along like
a great stream; It causes new sand
bank, to rise and eat. out bits of the
bank here, adding a piece there, so
that gradually It transforms the entire
nppenrance of the locality thro.igh
which It flow., but only, mind you,
only the surveyor, the man who had
the former records know, how much
(Continued on  Page Three,)
Prof.  Jinks says  that Socialists  assume  that if the  government  were to
own the means of production and distribution  that they  would run  the government.    Bike many another the professor thinks lhat "the government" in
the co-operative commonwealth would
b? like unto the government under piesent conditions.   Socialists have reiterated again and again that this would
be impossible. The present government
is the executive of the capitalist class,
it exists to protect the property interests of that class against the encroachments of the working class.   Nearly all
law has to do with property.    In the
co-operative  commonwealth there  will
be no capitalist class and consequent.y
no antagonistic class interests, no privileges to conserve against     the     en-,
eroachments  of  a  subject   class.    Society  will  consist  of  one  class,      th*
working class,  and     government will
function as administrators of the industries of ths  nation.    The administrators  will act  accordng  to the  will
of the majority. As we cannot have the
co-operative   commonwealth   until  the
majority are Socialists it doea not require the  brains of a university professor to see that the Socialists "would
run the government."
The   professor   also   says,   "the   Socialists   forget   there  is   such   a   thing
as human nature.   The same dominant
personalities that command     in     the
field of private enterprise would dominate the state if  the wealth should be
owned  by  thc state.       Surely      they
would "run the state."   Our old friend
"human uature" once more.   It ls generally looked upon as something inherently bad,  but  biologists have  shown
that human  nature is  the product  of
heredity   and   environment,      and   as
someone  has  said,   "environment   will
knock  heredity into a  cocked     hat."
The slum-born  lad,  reared      In      the
midst  of   vice   and  crime,   beiomes  a
criminal, while the same lad, if his environment   hnd   been  changed      early
enough  in life,   would have  become a
useful citizen.   The greater number of
lads sent out to this country  by  Dr.
Barnardo's Home are from  the slums.
yet only 2 per cent,  of these lads go
wrong, which proves that given a de- .
cent environment "human nature" will
be decent.    Turning to the "dominant
personalities."    The  methods of these
enterprising  gentlemen  in      becoming
dominant, us shown up from time to
time, can scarcely be admired by frof.
Jenks.    If  the   professor  admires  the
present   "field   of   private   enterprise"
dominated by Rockefeller and    other
brazen pirates,  of  which Canada  has
a few, we need have no fear of     any
change,  for would not     the  changed
conditions be Just as "private" if run
by thc same people as now?
What Is the historic mission of the
working clas.? To «ct the whole
world free by setting Itself free. The
wealth creating, property cresting,
leisure and luxury creating working
class has always been and Is to-day
a slave claaa. Prom the day that the
slave-creating "individual." Invaded
the ancient communal group. and
granted to himself and to hi* heir,
the legal privilege ot owning the worker's body, and disposing of tt according to the dictates of his -arbitrary v. ill. Until the present hour
the word has been the continuous
scene ci clsss struggle, war, conquests,
treachery, diplomacy, murder, crime,
poverty, misery, suffering, luxury and
legally.*-.1 wrong, of every kind and
degree, 'lie best of the race of every age have wept over it, have tried
according to their lights to mitigate
and tone down its harshest features.
Some have even dreamed of abolishing the evils. Noble effort.! ala* in
vain. These effort* from- the slave
1. .piers of antiquity down to John
Bal". Wat Tyler, and their hoet of
sturdy serfs, from the peasants' war
et Oermany down to the Commune of
Paris, have all been alike—resultiess.
Nay, not resultiess.
A grand discovery has been made,
it Is this: the working-class ha* s mission. Kvery struggle of class against
<:liss, every rising^of the people, every so-called dynastic or religious war,
every change in the methods of industry, every Improvement in the toots
ami process of production, every con-
ttitutional or legal change, is due In
the final analysis to the struggles—
hitherto almost blind struggles — of
the wealth creating, oppressed, enslaved working class towards light
and freedom. The mission of the
t working class Is therefore an hlatori-
Competttlon ls death. Rockefeller,
Carnegie, et al., eliminate competition
ns far as lies ln their power (and that
is a long wny) In order not to be eliminated themselves. They must become
"dominant" or go under. Their environment makes them what they are.
Change the environment to one where
no one would be eliminated, where all
may have plenty, then the necessity of
dominating others would dlappear, yet
those who had great skill In organizing
and administering would be In request,
and their fellows would honor them
for their activities, but it Is unthnk-
nble that a whole community would,
after enjoying the benefits of collective
ownership of the means of production
nnd  distribution,  allow  a  few  to  get
i possession   thereof    ami    so    become
cal mission, Impressed on every page
cf human history in imperishable
The world is swarming with reformers, who, as has been well said, want
to abolish evil, but don't make a start
anywhere In particular, attempting to
destroy effects, and leaving causes untouched, professing to act in the Interests of all classes, blind to the fact
that this very "class fact" is the root
of the whole of the evils from which
society   suffers.
The world's Revolutionary Socialiat
movement  is composed of class-conscious workers who have attained to
the Light, who base all their actions
on  economic and historic fact. They
see clearly  that the  abolition of the
evils from which society suffers is going to be effected by beginning somewhere an 1 that somewhere at the very
point   where   in lividuallsm   began   ita
social career, that is to undo what the
slave creating individualist did at the
dawn of history-    In short, they propose to begin the work of abolishing
social evil by setting free a clasa, the
lowest   class  In  society,  the  working
class, and when that is done the whole
world will be free.    This Is why the
workers of the world hold one grand
International meeting on the First ot
May.    This is  what give, them soll-
uarity, this is what makes them one,
Ihis  ls  why they  refuse to recognise
nation, color, race, creed or sex. What
have these to do with slavery?    Are
i.ot the workers of every nation, color,
race, creed or sex slaves?    If we are
slaves in spite of these things, .hall
we   not  be  freemen  and  freewomen.
Too long have the  privileged  owners
of the earth and their myrmidons told
us to hate, contemn and murder each
other.   The Light ha. come.   It show.
us  that  the  worker,  of  every  color,
race and creed are friend., with one
common interest, to live by our labor
and enjoy its fruits In peace.   It .hows
us the source of the oppressor's power:   It  shows us  why  we are slavea
That though it be no longer necea*ary
or profitable for the oppressor to own
i ur  bodies, yet his  power I* greater
lhan ever before, and while he owna
the means   without    which   we   cannot   live — the coinmon  earth  from
which we come, and the tool, of production, the common product of past
nnd present,    while    he   own.    these
things we must remain slavea;  while
we remain slaves the historic mission
of the working class must remain unaccomplished, and while that mission
remains unfulfilled the world muBt  continue   to  suffer   from   class  struggle,
poverty,    and    wrong.   Therefore,   we
vow  to  dedicate ourselves to  the attainment of one supreme end, the or-  •
ionization of the world', worker, on
class  lines Into a .olid  phalanx that
shall,  when  time und      circumstance
serve,   abolish   private   ownership   of
, the earth and tool, of production and
\ establish collective ownership and collective production  for use, thus abolishing human slavery In every form,
setting   the   whole   world   free,   with
equal opportunity,     privilege to none
and  freedom to all.    This ia the historic mission of the working class.
"Workers of all countries, unite;
you have only your chain, to lose,
you huve a world to win," — Sydney
People, s
a* m
i   I
I .1
; I
SJj»t|lW* sjWS|t|tttsMOS|rit' rrn
Saturday ...... ,7ur-.
Ae Western Clarion
Published every Saturday In the
Inbsrests ot tb* working claaa alone'
at ta* Office of th* Weatern Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 16S Hastings
Street, "Vancouver, B. C.
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next Issue. 	
Saturday June 16,1906,
Tho Appeal to Reason ls no longer to
be considered a "seditious and scurrilous sheet," and therefore unfit to pass
through the Canadian mails. The Postmaster-General at Ottawa having met
with a complete change of heart, has
reversed his ruling in the matter, and
restored the Appeal to its former mailing privileges. Just how many carloads of petitions, protests, demands
and pointed communications were received to bring about this remarkable
change of mind upon the part of the
P.-G. is-not known, but it is safe to
assume that the requisite quantity was
not only forthcoming, but brought
with lt ample promise of "more and
more to follow."
The manner ln which the Canadian
people called the bumptious Aylesworth down for his nose-poking Impudence is gratifying indeed. Furthermore, it is a healthy sign and augurs
well for the future. So long as there
Is enough independence an manhood
among the Canadian people to so
swiftly resent the impudence and arbitrary action of those in high place,
the ruling class may well consider Itself none too firmly seated in the Bad-
die, and almighty lucky if lt does not
find itaelf thrown into the ditch ln the
near future.
But even bumptious postmaster-generals have their function to perform
in the great scheme of things. They
seem to be blind Instruments in the
hands of an all-wise providence by
means of which the common people are
taught how to defend their liberties
even though they have not the price
of a postage stamp. Henceforth, when-
even a public official at Ottawa becomes a public nuisance, by making
an assault upon their liberty, as did
Aylesworth, the Canadian malls will
cheerfully convey carloads of sealed
protests, demands, kicks and bellyaches, labelled O. H. M. S., to the Ottawa citadel as a notification that the
nuisance must be abated. This ready,
cheap and effective means of abating
nuisances would probably not have
been brought to the notice of the
strenuous Canadian workman had lt
not been for what aome misguided individual, term "Aylesworth's bad
break." "How that his attention has
been called to it, and its value demonstrated, he will take mighty good
pains that he does not forget it. A
vote of thanks should be tendered to
Aylesworth, and the rest of the bunch
be requested to "go and do likewise."
Such "break*" do have a most potent
influence in furthering the cause of
human liberty.
As the Appeal to reason Is no longer "seditious and scurrilous," the Canadian ia perfectly justified In following such advice as may appear in its
columns, without being guilty of treason. So, if you run serosa any
"slaves" consider yourself at liberty to
"Arouse" them if you. can.
Capital is a term. applied to
means of production when used for
a certain purpose. That purpose is
the exploitation of labor. To exploit
labor is to make a profit out of it.
That ls to get more value out of the
laborer than Is given him in the form
of wages. The labor power of the
worker ls purchased, as a commodity
ln the market, by the capitalist. The
price (wages) is determined, aa in the
case of other commodities oy the condition of the market at the time
of purchase. At one time the price
may be high owing to a scarcity of laborers In the market. At another
time it may be low because of a more
plentiful supply. Thc labor power
purchased by the capitalist is consumed by him in the process of production of thc particular commodiUes
he la engaged in preparing for the
market.   Out of the sale of such com- ,
modittc. the capitalist reimburses
himself for the amount he has expended for labor power, and under
normal circumstances has something
left to the good. This ls his profit,
thut for which his entire operations
have been carried on. It is what
Marx terms "surplus value," or new
value, which has been created by the
laborers and for the creation of which
they  receive nothing in return.
The creation of surplus value presupposes the advancement of methods
of wealth production to a point where
the productive power of the laborer
Is sufficient to produce more than
enough to keep himself. Under such
conditions only would it be possible
for this surplus to be obtained by his
The capitalist then buys labor power at Its market price. This price as
a rule corresponds to its value, or
rather is the money expression of that
value. The consumption of the labor
power purchased results ln a greater
value than that of the labor power
itself. The seller of labor power (laborer) disposes of hi. commodity in order to realize Its value in exchange.
The purchaser (capitalist) buys it for
the purpose of realizing its use value,
that ls Its value as a producer of new
and further exchange values. By reason of modern machinery and methods the productive power of labor Is
so great that having purchased
labor power and consumed lt in the
production of new values the capitalist finds himself ln possession of a
greatly increased magnitude of value.
In other words, for every dollar invested ln production he finds himself
in possession of several dollars in the
form of new values created. These
additional dollars have cost him nothing. They were minted for him free
gratis under the magical process of the
wage system. Labor power la the
only commodity in the entire category
which, ln being consumed, will not
only perpetuate its own value, but
also increase its bulk..
From thia purchase of labor
power as a commodity and the consumption of it ln the production of
new or surplus value, all capital
springs, lives and has its being. The
sum total ot human exploitation is
embodied in this labor process of capitalism, under which the laborer must
dispose of his labor power as a commodity in the market. Being thus
forced to sell, it, he loses all control
over the things brought forth by his
labor, the food, clothing, etc., necessary for his existence. The things
produced belong exclusively to the
purchaser of the labor power consumed in their production. Whatever
quarrel may occur between the buyer
and seller of labor-power it can
not occur over any division of
the product of his labor, for
the laborer has no title of ownership in any part of lt whatsoever. Out
of the values accruing to capitalist,
through the operation of the present
system they live, and compensate
their lickspittles and defenders tor
services rendered. The balance or
surplus left in their hands is converted into additional or new capital, to
enlarge the stream of surplus value
coming to their coffers and widen the
scope of their power over the proletarians,  or exploited wage slavea
The more highly developed the capitalist system becomes the more completely does capital become mobilised in the hands of the few, and the
more merciless its exploitation ot Its
wage slave victims, until they are
eventually driven to rise en masse
against its brutal rule, and by stripping the means of production of the
garb of capital turn the resource, of
the earth and the machinery of production Into the collective property of
the working class to be used by all for
the common good of all.
The Province, one of Vancouver's
daily epileptic fits, under date of June
18th, with the trust profit mongerlng
instinct, take, occasion to point out
the glorious opportunity that has been
opened up before the Canadian business fraternity to build up a lucrative
meat trnde, by the damaging exposures
that are being made in regard to the
Chicago packing establishments. This
worthy capitalist sheet rather joyfully
points out the inevitable damage that
must result to lhe American meat
trade ln consequence of the exposures, and call, upon Canadian enterprise to take advantage of the opportunity afforded. But while making its
recommendations the Province seem.
to be possessed of a serious lack of
confidence in the hone.ty and integrity
of ihe Canadinn business world, as the
following will show;
"Under the circumstances the Canadian Government has It within Its
power to give encouragement to a
most lucrative trade in Canada by
surrounding with such regulations and
making amenable to such close and
perfect Inspection all packing institutions which may now or hereafter operate ln the Dominion as will be a full
guarantee of this country's output. It
Is only by such a system of inspection
that this or any country can hope to
secure and retain the confidence of the
public, and  lt 1b to the confidence of
the public that the success of this and
kindred Industrie* must from thla
time forward look for BiicceBS."
Just   whether  this really Implies   a
doubt as to thc honesty of the Canadian business world, or Is merely a display   of  that    humor    that   now  and
again    unconsciously     bubbles    over
from the sanctum of capitalist epileptic fits, is not at all clear.   If no such
doubt  exists  then    the  governmental
precautions suggested are entirely uncalled for, and If no reasonable ground
exists  for the  entertaining    of    such
doubts   the   Canadian   business   world
should consider the implication a gross
insult.   If, upon the other hand, there
be good reason for lack of faith ln the
honesty of Canadian business men, the
suggestion offered  resolves  itself  Into
a piece of humor fit to adorn the pages
of  Punch, Puck    or Judge,  and   well
calculated  to  burst    the    buttons  of
their   admiring   readers.    For surely
the   Province   man    must   know—and
very many much more enlightened persons  than  himself    for  that  matter-
that government Is merely the expression of business, and whatever weaknesses may be Inherent  In the latter,
must also find lodgment In the former.
If the Instinct of business leada away
from the "straight and narrow path,"
It  logically  follows  that  the  instinct
ot     its   political   expression, government, must  of    necessity  follow suit.
Whatever  pathway  business  sagacity
in quest of profit may see Ht to travel
its political counterpart will alio tr ad.
11 little bit In    the lead If   anything.
The suggestion of the Province to secure business honesty by the government acting a* a watch-dog over the
proceedings,   ls   equivalent   to  netting
one bunch of horse thieves to watch
over another bunch, when both belong
to the same gang, whose purpose It ls
to make way with the equine..    The
humor of it is immense.
Business honesty is, in Itself, a contradiction. Business Is based upon
the robbery of wealth producers. This
robbery and the subsequent wrangling
over the spoils. Is all there ls to busl
ness. Honesty could no more be Incorporated Into such a performance
than oil could be mixed with water.
To attempt to do so by law ls even
more grotesque than Mr.. Partington's
effort* to "sweep back the tide with
a broom."
In times of public excitement over
some particularly glaring exposure of
business methods, there will be much
governmental activity displayed. Loud
talk will be Indulged in about bringing
criminals to book. Drastic laws will
be put upon thc statute books osten
sibly for the purpose of preventing n
recurrence of the acts'complained oft
Hut silly and easily exclteahle folks
might just as well keep their shirts
on. The "tempest in a tea-pot" will
soon slbside. Business will resume its normal groove of skinning
to the quick In order to get the last
farthing's worth, and government will
complacently "wink the other eye."
The dove of peace will then hover o'er
the scene until the Socialist agitator
again stirs up the animals In the business menagerie by putting the salt of
exposure upon the raw places. Then
we will get another Installment of
honesty by law.
In response to the demand of the
Sailors' Union for an advance In tin-
wages of sailors nnd waiters on steam
schooners, the United States Shipping
und transportation Association, »«
San Francisco, has ordered a complSt*
tie-up of all its Shipping. cnlcrs
have been Issued to receive no
freight, stevedores have b''<» "|H"
ihnrged and not u mun is at work.
The dispatches sadly remark tnat
•it Is believed the consequences of H"
lockout will be far reaching." Whoever the consequences may be 11 's
but a part of the Inevitable price that
human Boclety must pay for the privilege of allowing social Implements
.it production and distribution to function as capital, or means of exploiting  labor.
In speaking of the trouble between
the Shipping Association and si Mors
ol Sun Francisco, the Kxanilt. >r Of
that city frantically howls, "Arbitrate' this is no time for Industr'al
war." Aa there is nothing to arbitrate between thc wage-slave and his
master the Industrial warfare continues, and must Inevitably Increase in
Intensity in spite of the silly howls
of Hearst and his cditortul staff of
-TWoRKtRi of the World Unite"
When Thry Mcrt | Where
-    - -»v
t; Where Th.y M„,t
Ur.l to place t card -mart this head   Jf
iidi.iIi.    Secretaries ulnar note.
Phoenix Miners" union, No a
W. V. M. Meets erery sSurdt^
evening at 7 .*» o'clock in M ,„,:'-
hall. V, Ingram, ptreridral w a'
Plckanl, secretarv. ' A
In New York City the Building
Trades Employers' Association has declared a lockout against the Brother'
hood of Carpenters. Twelve thou-
sand carpenters are affected ln
the Metropolitan district alone
and thousands of other workers
are thrown Into Idleness In consequence. The lockout Is to continue
until the carpenter. In Brooklyn are
forced to return to work in accord
ance with aome arbitration decision
rendered by a certain Juatlce Gaynor.
These little lockout affair* with their
attendant miseries are unavoidably
incidental to the wage-slave system.
As long aa the working people are
sufficiently fond of wage-slavery as
to Insist upon supporting It they
should accepts its consequences und
partake of Its fruits without making
wry faces. They evidently enjoy
strikes, lockouts, lack of employment
and general all around misery, else
they would not give the aystem that
breeds theae blessings their political
In all of this pother in the capitalist press over the filthy practices
Indulged in by the big Chicago packing establishments ln preparing meat
products for the market, the entire
absence of any consideration for the
exploited slaves of the packing industry is particularly noticeable. The blatant bourgeola reformer and howler
against the practices of big capitalist
combines would emit nary a howl
over these filthy packing house disclosures if he were dead sure that
he would get none of their rotten and
poisonous products on his own plate.
The horrible and mercileas exploitation practiced upon the slave, does
not bother any of them even a little
bit. In fact that part of th* process
la all right In the eyea of either big
capitalists, little capitalists or their
loading apologists and hangers-on.
To combat "atheistic Socialist" by
rousing the Christian forces of the
United state. Into action along Christian Democratic lines Is the policy ascribed by the Catholic Standaid ami
Times (Philadelphia), to a newly-
launched Catholic miiffazlnc. The hour
for such a policy has arrived, says the
Standard and Times. Already, It asserts, Impetuous spirits in th* Catholic
Church are embracing Socialism In
spite of Its explicit condemnation by
bishops and priests. It Is clear, the
paper continues, that there are wrongs
to be righted, and unless Catholic reformers are given Opportunity within
the church "thoy will go over to the
enemy and assist htm along lines that
are unhallowed." The situation is further Indicated ln the following paragraph:
"Nearly every bishop and arch-bishop In the United States has, during I he-
last five years condemned Socialism
In pastoral, public Interview or warning sermon. In some dioceses the com*
I rades have been vigorously fought by
the church, Including clergy and laity.
By the term Socialism we mean tin-
Marxian wing of It, which is everywhere becoming dominant and is singularly deathly. It Is this form of Insanity which the church invariably
means when uttering condemnation.
Over and over .he ha. denounced !t
and warned her children ngalnst It ns
vigorously ns .he has againtt freemasonry, and yet the fact Is Incontrovertible that, led astray by specious
leaders. American Catholics are embracing It. They nre not aware of
their danger, being as wax in the
hands of sleek politicians, hut it is
i melancholy to hear them state that
they propose to cling to their newly-
accepted political faith whatever bishops and priests may say. . . . And
there can be no question that American
Socialist leader, nre as bitterly opposed to Catholicity at are those of Germany, France, Italy and Spain. We
could fill six consecutive Issues of this
journal with anti-Cat nolle utterances
from the writings of American Socialist lenders. Very naturally catholics
wish to battle for Juster conditions.
but some step, should be taken to
prevent them from standing In the
ranks of our  self-confessed «*nemle«."
We read further of a similar problem
In Europe:
"Over In Italy, after a notable discussion, the Holy Father has Just approved the purpose of the newly-reorganised Christian-Democratic movement. This approval, It must be stated, has been slow In coming. It will
be remembered that, some months before he died, Leo XIII peremptorily
suppressed a movement bearing thc
same name. The reason I. obvious.
Under the fiery, undisciplined leadership of Father Murrl, the alleged
Christian-Democrats went too far. In
the opinion of the sane, conservative
Vatican authorities they adopted so
many Socialistic principles In their effort to wean the public away fron
Socialism that they were In danger of
becoming Socialists themselves. The
new programme wa. carefully considered and finally approved, nnd henceforth the Italllan Catholic forces will
.tend united under the gonfalon of
the church. For thla reason the outlook Is encouraging oversea."—Literary Dlgeat.
The above should bc comforting assurance to those who insist that the
church does not fight the Socialist
movement. According to thc above,
not only doe. the particular church
mentioned openly oppose' the movement, and "warn her children" against
It, but lends herself to the concoction
of ''Chrtotla-n-Democratlc" schemes for
the avowed purpose of thwarting the
movement. This means a striking resemblance to the scheming and trickery resorted to by unscrupulous politicians In their struggle for power und
In spite of pretense of spirituality
the church Is as grossly material as
any other human Institution, it. tap
root run* deep down Into the plunder
that is wrung from the toll and sweat
of an enslaved working class. It Is
part and parcel of the present system
of property, and may logically be expected to tenaciously cling to, and stubbornly defend thst of which It Is a
part and from which it derives Its
power. The Catholic Church ls no exception to the rule either one way or
the other. They aro all alike tn essence, however much they may differ
as to perfection of organisation and
the magnitude and ramifications or
their business. In this respect the
same variations occur that are found
among competing concerns In nil other
line, of business.
*s*tt*ttst*tt*yatat-tta»a|ttttt*i i
Wc, the Socinlist Party ol Canasla,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of tho principles and program of tho international revolutionary working claas.
Labor produce* all wealth, and to
labor It should Justly belong. To
the owners of tho means of wealth
production belongs thc product of
labor. The present economic system is baaed upon capitalist ownership of the mean, of wealth production: therefore alt the product* of
labor belong to tho capitalist class.
The capitalist is master; the worker
ia slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
in possession ol tho reins of government all the powers of the state will
he used to protect and defend their
proj-erty rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system give* to the
capitalist an ever-*wellin«f stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
Tho interest of thc working clas*
lies ln the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the a.tiio'ition of the wage system. To
accomplish this nuccsratate* the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-, las.
The irrepressible conflict of Interests between thc capitalist and tbe
worker is rapidly culminating In a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—tho capitalist to hold
thc worker to secure It by political
action.   This is tbe class .'ru-oile
.1. Edward Bird,    A. C. Brydoo-j..*.
Goo. K. McCrossan k
Tel. 829. P.O. Box, 0H2,
S24 Healing* 8t. . . Vancouver, |* r
Socialist fab
gtjr Every   Ijocal
Party of Canada ahould run
under thia   bead
Secretaries pli
of th.- SociaHaj
". « cwt
el .00 per most*
i'.riii-.li Columbia ITiislucijil l -.,-, mi,,
I'.iiiiliiltlee, Socialist  Part)  ..| r.,,.
ada. Meet, every alien.,.i. ,U)1k
day, l» (1. McKen.le, He, i. n> •■,,,
\36,  Vancouver,  II. C.
Ifc-sssliil.in K»i*TStlv*' S'oiniiiliii,, I*
cUli.l I'arty of Canada m-m,
every alternate Tueadu- j ,,
Morgan. Secretary. [.".! lUr-nri
Street, Vancouver, 11. C
I*h*uI \uiMi.utcr, No. I, S. I'. ,,( lag.
ad... HusincK* m**Uii(s ••..;,
Monday evening at he* l.-uarttn)
ltigle.tde Illock, 113 Cambli sir—',
(r.K.m 1. second Boor) Edsev
ttotial meeting, every Sunday at I
p. m., li. Sullivan Hall Cor-im
Street.    D. I'. Mtllt. Beer. :        ;, ■
H3«. Vancouver, n. c.
local Ttsrosilo. 8. I*. of «'.—Meet* «rr.
ond and fourth Tuesday.-.. Sot-uin*
nasil'HHIJSI*. IKS'*! Queen Btf*S
Weil. *}, Dale. Secretin-) 11 B*Br)
Street. Jewl.h Branch meet, --K-rf
Sulci..),  night nme hall.
Thorcfore,   wc call  upon all  work-! I*>«al    Wlnnl-*--*.  S.  P. of I — H-eu
era to or-rani/e under thc banner of
the Socialist Tarty of Canada with
tho object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting; up
and cnforrlnir; the economic program
of tho working class, as follows
1. Tb* .transformation ns rapldly
as possible, of capitalist property In
the means of wealth production 'natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc..) into thc collective pro>
[-erty of the working class.
2. Thorough and democrat Ic organisation and mannjjremenl of industry by  thc  workers.
3. The establishment, a* speedily
aa possible, of production for ua*
Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in ottlc.a
shnll always and everywhere until
th* present system is abolished,
make tbe answer to thla question it*
guiding rule of conduct. Will thi*
letri.tlatton advance tho Intereata of
the working class and aid the workers in their clas* struggle againat
capitalism? If It will, the Socialiat
I'arty Is for it; if it will not. the
Socialist Party Is absolutely uppa*
ed to It.
In accordance with thia principle
tbe Socialist Party pledge* itself to
conduct all the public affair* placed
in its hands in such a manner a* to
promo to the intereata of tb* working clasa alone.
first and third Sun l.is In M u tats
Hall, corner King uml P... lac a*.
ciiu.-k. at |: io p. iii I Con -..
tarrstanr fit Itlnosi flu ' win.
Mpea*. Man.
''»■*'■'■-■■■■■■■»■■.'■»■■.■>■ 1 SI
hereby   apply   for  membership
In Local
 socialist  Party  of
I recognize the clam struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. p., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitate, the organisation of
the workers into a political
party distinct from and oppoaed to all parties of the capitaliat claaa.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, nnd
pledgo myself to support by
voice, vote and nil other legitimate means thc ticket and the
program of the Socinlist Party
ot Canada only.
Admitted lo Ixical., ,   . ,.1»0. .
l-la'-SI-li. .1   I St* I
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For on** dollar the paper sill
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Tn«o« M»"M
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saXbtuUm. witooBt eWf* ■"" »•
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Scientific America
S-" KKS#
mxJS,m°i\l'l't «*■•*.'}'0° ,hu.;;'!li na'wVi'atas* June 16,1900.
MmpWt SiKH-lflc KlHve laiutiier.
.1. pi
flabby, fantastic and Irretpon-
thought habit of the "mind th.o-
ha.s 'long been "• "'alter of cum-
observation and af&SB from the
-able fad that the the. 1 >gl<-ul
.,1,1, r it not content with the thltiKt
thnl ii"' ■llH: he >nvre,u'intly neglect,
hit proper domain ami tptetat hi n-
„\f ..ver that for which, by virtue of
hi. peculiar temperament and training
i„. K specially unfit, thua becomng a
Theology treats of our relation, to
,1... god <>f god., and Is the proper
butln kh or .tuily of the parson. Ethics,
morality ond tin* .deuce of soctology
;,,, based on soeial In.ilm t., grow ojt
0f social relationship. they are
strengthened by Inheritance and prac-
hM and i" the main are the reflex of
ii,i.i li! conditions, and apart from
the tubjeet matter proper of the theo-
I ,,., so It come, about that the
,, ; rn spiritual medldn* mun buit.
In if not white angels fear to t ead.
then srher* men, lit, and equipped by
nature, clirrumstanc** mid training,
i.... -...lied to find the real factor,
that govern nodal life, to arrange nnd
relate th.-in in logical se<|uence and so
i--.tabll.tl a true so. lology: butt. In.
: ,,.. the .ittlude peculiar to the
sti-nurdi of the mysteries, wave, hit
I he.logical bodkin, barbed with dog-
ii i .nnl in hit pitiful Ignorance pre-
i,.n.ls to sweep a.lde the work of toil*.
tome thoughtful year., work he has
i... a sh nnd perhaps teldom the ubillly
in appreciate Thlt he replace, with
inn nwn crude empiricism framed on
id. apologetic plan. Saturated through
through with the < lass Instinct
designed tor thc two-fold pur-
;. m    ' placating the oppressed    and
. isli ..- the conscience of the oppressor With hi* head in the cloud., or
between heaven and earth, hit feet
l«.liitmg east and west in the mud of
ronf a on nnd hi. han.is In his pockets
.,' hi> patrons, this strange anomaly In
i ri llstlc world stalks atound and
pose. t..t In his proper and l-gltl-
mati capacity — theology be'ng hit
■ •f divine orsu-'e, but of lolitl-
. i! •■ ..iiomlat, strange and Im-ongru-
mu i .1 irlty of functlona. Ko. Instead
of a uteful sky pilot or spiritual attorney to relate us to thc godt or the
' U wa hnve a ll.nping hybild soli kim  intent on making the bejri  Of
■ ■
rids for hmself nnd patrons.  A
v, hose field I. the empyrean, nay
. iit.-if who stumbies on the
rn as and mundane fnct that fhe man
i.i... works hard and faithfully should
have i n.iiigh to eat. and even bs re-
gnrded nt a f.*ll.iwman by hit SBtpJoy-
■ r no* .-w-r noble pri.ft-s t-o. so prostituted n. tbat of Ttwoloalan*
Tl.. tendency being unlv.-ii.ni the
r-ut-stloo In aramtAlfftSI nskr-l. • Why
the churches, im-aning th<-"l<.slui'i.
deal   mon   and   moro  with  so- lal  or
w..ildl;, .iffairt'-" The |-«'atoiit may t»-
tnany, but to me there appear two
principal causes for the change. Ftrst,
m tlm. roll, on ii -ii.kin.i tik-'t ]<•<•»
snd lest st.wk ln tplritual future nr.d
the desire for something here and now
reasea Qrowing Intelligent" and a
!• "pr .-id permeation of. at leatt.
I1" .. r.i'Itislons of sclenie, have tx-en
' ' i '•• :hlngs regarded In the past at
truth. In every branch of human
■tht. theology Included. Without
ig openly irrellglout In thc popular
-' and still outwardly conforming.
must of the people believe that I
i "iigh to take one world at once
n ake a good Job of It, If they csn.
fulfil the law of their being, to e»-
h such   relations with   th'-lr  fel-
I beli
|i.« .
t.i t.i
Victoria   Advertisers     |
[Colonial Bakery
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Dttlvsrsd to •*--  -art  ol th* city.    Ask
Hrlvm-   to   call.     Thon.   849
''" you know we tx-ll from 10 to 35
cents cheaper than our competitor*.
rca a e*tJL*ro>x
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ill JJ ci:ai
one  bound
In   hit
Victoria Itenrot -ntatlve for the
Hearst publications, as follows: San
1 'aiiclwo Kxiuiilncr, I/oh An-rc-lea Ks-
\ "niliier, (lili-tigo American, New York
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l'i men.
Prompt and regular dally delivery
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Advertisement* of every description
lukeii for nny newspaper.
P.O.Box 444, Victoria, B. 0.
lows as will create a social atmosphere
a aocial Incentive favotable to a high'
est development and greatest common
happiness and welfare: thlt it the objective of the best thought of the mass
<o-day. They feel that future or ,o
future this I. the Wisest use .„ ,,,ake
of a finite existence. Notin, this^S
ttancy the theologian, especiaily the
evangelical, trims hit .alls to „,,,, «
.-Second, social condltloiiH. The dir-
ng economic and social disparity between the nisn who works and the
parasite who litres hy raws owning, tbs
squalor vi(,. .lllt) ai.rtllutlon
.'bound, political corruption, ths tor-
did meanness and vulgarity of modern
commercialism, aii these are too evident to b* ignored even hy a „,H„
whose h.ad It In the cloud., nnd mu.t
OS, ul least, explained In n
community, hence our th
This brings mo to what wa., In fact
the Intplratlon of this aiTort, a recent
report In the Daily Province of a sermon delivered by ltev. John Simpson,
of Ibis city, subject. "What an Km-
I'loyer should lie," one, It appears, of
B series dealing with the relation, of
life. Over the heads of many hard
toll-rs In the. alleged, dry field of poll-
Ileal economy, our reverend
John Simpson, springs at
with tba philosopher', .tone
hand, ha ha. found the Ideal employ
er. an,| with him the final solution of
Industrial anarchy. With his magic
key (made ln France), h.- standt ready
la unlock the gate*, of un earthly paradise to the workman, with promls.i of
a heavenly one when hit trick below Is
done, und no doubt a greater glory .llll
for his beatified employer. Am. however, this will reach some thousands
who never sae a Vancouver dally, i
»oti|,| here reproduce the substance of
•Simpson's Hpe.ifi,. Blave Soother."
The preacher then gav* a synopsis
of ihe book,  which gives a practical
disposition of the duties of th>- em-
plover.    Bs  said:
"HersnsJ shows first that the Inter-
eitt of thc employer and employed. Instead of being Inimical, are absolutely
ld.-ntlc.il. .Second, that a large business enterprise or factory should be
conducted along the lines of * large
family, and lhat Instead of the struggle between capital and labor there
should Ij* essentially th • same feeling
that exist, between parents and their
Children. The employer should be like
a father. So successful In this Is ll.-r-
snel that he is greeted by nil alike,
men, women and children, at the good
father. Can a man have failed who
It greeted spontaneously by all the
peopl.. whom he employ* ns the good
father. Thirdly, all this could be only
realised by the power Of Christianity.
lie   made   Its   hit   husinoH   to   get   his
peopl* to b<* Christians, no by preaching lo th'*m. but by living Christianity
am..ok  them.
"Th» flrtt duty of an employer."
continued   th>-   |.i.ii.hci.   "is   to   assure
a fair wage t<> those whom he employ*
The employer has not right to beat
down wages to the lowest possible-
m.itket level, for the labor of men in
not B mere object of barter, bill a human ntt. Who can but be touched by
the clilvalnius regard the employer hot
for the women and girls In his employ. They are treated as women and
as possible mothers of the sons of the
nation. May the day soon come when
it will become an impossibility In a
Christian nation that a girl or woman
shall be compelled to go out on the
Street to supplement h**r scanty wage.
"Fourth, the most vital factor of
Hersiiil's system Is that he treats not
people as mere human machines, but
as religious being*, to be loved as well
as used, and treated In the family spirit because of the Father of all."
Mr. Simpson concluded by saying:
"The world will never be redeemed
by much of the easy-going and conventional system which passes muster
for Christianity to-day. Friends, our
Christianity must lie real. We must
carry It out into every detail and practice of our life, If the human society
ls to be  redeemed."
This, then, is our cleric's measure of
the value and destiny of a man. at
l.-ast of a working man; a servile
.idorer of his boss exploiter. with
whom he banks both body and soul.
Mr. Simpson cannot tee that herein
we have |*irtrayed a feudalism, perfect
as could be established tn modern Industry, a condition In which manhood
and cltlxenshlp have no place, and
unrtiously endorses the most glaring
of all economic errors, to wit. Identity
of Interest between employer nnd employed: a smooth fiction which n century of research and bitter experience
have proved false, witness the Industrial  anarchy  of  to-day.
Mr. Ilersnel is by no means unique
In his plans, which may or may not
cost him any .act If Ice, inuny such are
to be found In Orent Hrltaln nml Europe with a few even in the United
States, but to suppose that such a plan
It capable of universal application is
to confess gross Ignorance of the capitalist system of product Ion nnd could
It even bc npplled would produce a
class of emasculated, atuplfled slaves
licking their chains In Ignorant servility.
A workng class looking for friends
outsdc of Itself Is essentially a slave
A working class that cannot direct
and administer thc wealth It creates
Is doomed to subjugation and Increasing degradation and misery.
Soclnllsts appreciate humane conduct,
and work to provide a world-wide field
for the expression of the finer human
feelings, but as a basis we must first
have pound for pound Justice In nm-
terlil things, and social morality Is
Impossible between Inferior and superiors or dependents and '•niployors.
The employer most respected of Socialists Is the man who plays the game
with the minimum of hardship o his
employees ami without the deluslv.
cant of Ideality or brotherly love, so
much affected by clerical ^'Oirtsts.
The capitalist class of VlU.cOUV£ *
to be congratulated on ta selectten Ol
Itsmedlclne men, with dopes, anwth-
etic. and enodii.ee they are well and
faithfully served. towards
In Its progress ami evolution towards
that destiny which history assigns to lt
the working class has been met on its
way by many blind leaders of the
blind, but none more dangerous and
lnisldluu. than the Theological Cobbler.
(Continued from Page One.)
the stream ha. changed, and so only
the social philosopher, the man who
makes It his business to examine the
course of social economic events,
knows how much the channel of political and religious Institutions has
varied to meet the economic
demands nf the time. Even your
Church of Koine, which says that It's
principles are Inflexible; which declares that It never changes; that
it I. founded on a rock; even that
church has trimmed Its sail, unconsciously to Itself, to meet the changing day of political and economic development, and you will find that aa
the proletarian movement advar.ee.
and la marching to victory It will
change to that it may still be in principle in conformance with the new
movement, and when It has changed
It will point back two hundred years
lrorn now, In spite of the tremendous
changes, and t.-ll us that the Institutions of the church never change. But
when a changing society comes Into
loufllct with the institutions which it
already finds it either destroys those
institution., or modfies them, Just as
the l.'nlted Slates republic came Into
collision with the institutions of monarchy mid the House of Lords and it
modified them Into the institution, of
tin- presidency and the senate, making
really two motv abjtohit* masters than
thoae which It possessed before. —
Austin Lewi*, In Orand Theatre, Vancouver. June 3rd.  1906.
An unduly high price is being demanded for Ice thi. summer and as a
result all kinds of "kicks" are being
indulged In by the "common" people
---and others.
Now It Is coal, then it is Ice, then
meat und then rents or something
else which gets high lu price and a
general howl is raised, associations
are formed and a lot of cuss words
are hurled at the trusts and combinations as a result of these high prices.
It is not very- often that anything
tangible results from this genera)
howl a: high prices, because high
prices and their makers are not very
mindful of  howls.
High prices of commodities or rents
i.re part and pare*] of the profit system. They are Inseparable from this
system and win ever be here to both-
. i and to anger the "common" people, while the present system remains
the ruling system.
The capitalist class mutt have profits or go out Of buslne:43. A capitalist making no profits is simply put
out of the running. He cannot compete with bis brother capitalists. Business cannot be conducted on anything
•ise liut capitalist "ethics" under capitalism If a business is to be successful.
Higher profits can be obtained by
combinations and trusts with greater
ease than by Rlngle Individuals, and
there Is less worry, because there Is
less competition when Individual capitalists effect a  combination.
Railing at high prices of commodities and still supporting or upholding
the capitalist system of industry Is a
foolhardy way of doing things.
The Socialist may be justified In
kicking about extortionate prices because he ts at least consistent. Hc
works and votes against the SYSTEM
that enables a cluss to demand extortionate prices whenever an opportunity presents Itself.
Those who support capitalism and
Its two political parties — the Republican and Democratic wings of the
same bird of prey — merely waste
their time In kicking about the effects
of capitalism because they alw .y*
uphold the cause of these effects —«
The fruits of the situation are being forced ever more clearly upon the
minds of the people and the resentment against the capitalist social "order" will sooner or later crystallxe into a mighty Socialist working class
movement that will put an end to capitalism. — Soclullst Review.
According to L'Union des Travallleur.
an Eastern cleric, L'Abbe Baillarge,
cure of Saint Hubert, to-wit, 1. greatly perturbed in spirit over the worker'. May Day demonstration in Montreal. In the column, of a Montreal
dally, he dilate, at some length on this
portent of evil omen to all who toll
not, neither spin, and deplores exceedingly the grievous lack of public spirit displayed by the mayor in refraining from suppressing so outrageous
and anarchistic a demonstration, actually a procession of men and women
bearing red flag. — "banners of Satan," the reverend gentleman callB
them. The good abbe's lucubrations
are most caustically criticised and answered by Com. Boulay of Montreal.
In Vox Populi, to the length of two
columns and a half of biting sarcasm.
Terrific are the denunciations hurled by our local press at the bold; bad
American Beef Trust. With such
eager and efficient guardians of the
public health in our midst, lt Is curious that Com. Hawthornthwaite's resolution In the Provincial House In
regard to the condition of our own
Beef Trust's slaughter houses should
have passed absolutely unnoticed. Can
it be possible that ihe public health
ho* to take a back seat at the dictum
of the advertising manager?
"The Chl'-ago packers actually converted cholera-Infected hogs Into" pure
leaf lard for the market," shrieks thc
hysterical press. Thai's nothing. A
British Columbia Arm not long since
converted cholera-Infected hogs Into
delicious steaks, chops and roasts, and
delicate and nourishing sausage.
Those Chicago packers don't understand the business. Lard is cheap
By the way, Comrade Klamroth has
since been arrested In Everett for using the President's name In vain. Who
said "lese majeste" wa* unknown outside the domains ruled over by the
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fail to get
their papers. In aome Instances there
are several complaints from tbe same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually in type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity In the
performance of their duties, even if
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publisher, of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify thi. office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
it. repetition in the future.
The Dominion Executive Committee
haa decided to call for funds to be
uaed for the purpose of pushing forward the work ot organizing such
parts of the Dominion of Canada as
have not yet been reached. There is
a vast Held to be covered which will
of necessity entail consider able expense. The necessary funds can, however, be obtained if Locals, individual comrades and friends will take
the matter up by gathering and tor-
warding auch contributions aa may
be forthcoming. As soon as tbs requisite funds may be gathered it is
the intention of the committee to
arrange trips, for one or more ortran-
leers, covering as large a section of
territory ss possible. With energetic
action in the matter of raising funds
and judicious application of tha samct
b.v the committee a much needed
work may be carried out that will
bear fruit in future election campaigns.
Ali money received for this fund,
will be used solely for the purpose
stated. The committee, at its meeting on Feb. 27, appropriated from
the General Fund the sum of $25,
to be applied to the Organising Fund
All money received for this fund will
be acknowledged through the columns of the Western Clarion.
Socialism la a system of common
ownership of life's necessaries, the
system of mutual aid and of wealth
production for use and not for profit. Socialism is the system of society
wherein there will be no economically divided, warring classes of the employing and the employed. There will
then be but one class, and that class
the whole nation. Thus there will
not be any section of the people whose
Interests would lie In duping and exploiting any other section; when all
would have ready access to the means
of living. An educated people would
then really be possible, uble to live
a life of true morality. The basis of
capitalist society Is warfare and confusion. The busts of the co-operative
Socialist society ts unity and harmony.
Mannklnd are at present occupied In
fighting not only among themselves,
as capitalism compels them to do, but
also In fighting nature ln various
forms. Socialism provides a system
of wealth production that makes for
unity and harmony In the rank, of
mankind, and thus permits u. to present a solid front against the forces
of nature. Here we have an environment where morality can actually exist. In such society none need fear
to speak the truth, for there will be
no criminal, dominating, monopolizing class of capitalists, whose power
would be thereby undermined.—Socialist. Edinburgh.
The* following bums have loon   received to date:
Previously acknowledged   W 60
Winnipeg Local    2 •»
Total    I" 50
Forwarded  to i/ocol Toronto for
organisation work ttl 00
Balance on hand W 50
1    «*"         ■ S
. ;|Ef'"/-tS
m   *l
ff'-'"' -S
■1   ^
Some who started early are now selling ten
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
a copy.    Send to   us for circulars and  wholesale ^
prices.    The book is now ready for delivery. Q
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Tlie iitiri'iiiitliiii of -M-riodi.-als of
every d.-ci-ipiloii Is a Hperially with
The "Clarion." Telephone or write
for et.ltinai.-i. Every facility for such
work, and proiiiptnc— and SSttaf art ion
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
The "Clarion's" mailing list
is now nearing the 3,000 mark.
"2,000 more by Dee. 31st," is
the sub-hustlers' slogan.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Are vou a paid-up reader ot
the "Clarion"?   'Xuf sed.
by boying this
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing oiactune.
National Sewing Machine Co.
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
In a mix-up between union and nonunion wallor. at r-ortlatid, rOegon, recently, three men received gunshot
wounds, and one wn. Injured by ft
rook. It may thu. he seen that the
warfare between capital and labor l»
not unattended by casualties ond
The following amounts received up to
Previously   acknowledged »".r.00
Local Fernie    SIW
J.  L.  B.   (corrected    1 1 M
Hugh  Davidson       1 00
Total    *€5 °°
Forward nil contributions to
J.  Q.   MOKOAN.  Sec.
551 Barnard St.
Vancouver, B. C
& ®&®-3 @®@® ® @©^
P. 0. DRAWER   836.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUIt HAT ne to It
that the Oenulne Union I-abel Is sewed In It. If
a retailer has loo.-ie label. In his possession and
offers to put one ln a hat for you. do not patronise
him. Loose labels In retail store, are counterfeit..
The genuine Union label is perforated on four
edges, exactly the name as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edge.,
and mime times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOI HIT, Ilvshlent, Orange, N. 4.
MARTIN "LAWl/ill, Scs-retary, 11 Waverly Place,
«       New York. m
■W &
Saturday  June
S j[ni\^ THE D0M,MI0M *
S        muM hj r. P. PKTTIPIECB. to whom all correspondence for this depm-tment ahonld be addressed. g
The regular weekly business meeting was held at the Hoadtiuurteis < n
Monday evening. June -UH. Comrade
Morgan  presiding. .„„„!.
The  minutes of the  previous nu, I
ing  were read  ami  adopted, and warrants authorized for payment oi w
following amount.. : '   "
For rent of hall on June 10th. I *> '"'
For rent of    Headquarters    to        ^
JUne ;"1-     9 00
For literature fund      "
advertising   (balance)    ... ™
At thc meeting held by the Socialist
Local ln Farr Hall was the subject of
discussion. A good sized audience was
Dr. Curry was appointed Chairman
for the meeting. In the preliminary
remarks he stated that the political
party to which he belonged believed
in holidays. He believed in the right
to be lazy, and the book of Genesis
informs us that toil and other painful
experiences were the penalty inflicted
on our first parents for indulging ln
forbidden fruit. He considered lt
about time that this sentence was
worked out and believed that it was
noticeable that the class most prominent in • proclaiming the virtues of
hard work and the "dignity of labor"
did the least. This was doubtless
through unselfish motives and the
fear of depriving the working class
of the  dignified  virtues.
As a student of social economy he
was sure that If every able bodied
member of society did their share of
useful work and the waste of competition was eliminated, we could have a
half holiday not only on Thursday, but
on every day of the week, and could
have picnics and excursions whenever
We desired them.
e . o; co-operative production
for use was spreading so rapidly that
within ten years this continent and
many of the countries of Europe would
be controlled by the Socialist Party
and then we could have equal opportunities and a good time for all. The
only reason why people did not accept this philosophy of social economy was because they have .neither the
time nor opportunity to do so, and because their education and idea of Socialism has been supplied by that class
who mink it is to their interest to op- '
pose it. In order that people might
have more time to study the great
questions of the day he would do his
best toward the eataablishment ot
holidays and he invited all to attend
their meetings and take part in the
discussions. Short addresses were given by Messrs. D. and A. McEachern,
Ashwell, Knight, Parsons, Forsyth
and others, and all believed the half
holiday would pay, viewed from a:iy
position   possible.
As a matter of health It was considered necessary since consumption
and many other of our ailments can
be traced to monotonous toil in close
atmosphere, while it is well known
that one of the chief causes of the
alcohol and other drug habits is due to
nervous debility and low standard of
vitality from long hours and sedentary life.
The speakers believed that we had
strayed away too far from nature and
that mental, moral and physical ills of
to-day were the penalties we brought
upon ourselves for violation of the
natural laws of life and happiness, and
that the man who through greed, habit
or necessity shortened his life through
hard work was committing suicide as
truly as the whiskey fiend or the man
who blows out his brains with a shot
gun. Nature does not excuse us because of Ignorance, so that our first
duty ia the study of her laws and to
live in harmony with them.
It was stated that with the most of
us our whole energies are expended in
procuring the necessaries of life and
that in this respect we were inferior
to the average dog or mUeh cow since
these had the necessaries of life, plenty
of leisure and no worry or hard work.
People whose energies are occupied tn
providing an animal existence have
no time for the development of their
higher faculties and It is a fact that
the average man and woman of today is because of this, kept ln a state
of Intellectual torpor and to them the
pleasures which can bc derived from
literature, art, music, the study of nature, the development of critical faculties and their ethical sensibilities are
undreamed of. The mental processes
of the business man are mostly confined to the problems of profit and
loss—how to make the public buy hla
goods and how to keep afloat and out
of Jail at the same time.
Nature ls the greater economist. We
are losing out teeth because we don't
use them enough, and bald head, are
becoming epidemic because we cover
our heads and live ln close atmospheres. Nature ls withdrawing the vital forces from our teeth arid scalps
and they are beng expended ln other
parts which are exercised and lt is
the same with our brain. We exercise onr powers of thought so seldom
that to-day tbe ability to reason correctly Is not possessed by the most of
us and many of ua get our ideas ready
made by those whom we pay to do our
thinking, and their great object seems
to be to keep the trade. People should
live closer to the heart of Nature. They
should apend more time among the
green trees and listen oftener to the
message that the rustling leaves, the
rushing stream, the singing of the
birds and all the voices Nature has
for them.
They should in the half-holiday develop sociability, invite Btrangers to
become their companions and find out
how truly good human nature really ls
when competition ceases, and conventions are left behind. Lunch baskets
should be used to take ur back to the
childhood of our lives, when in our
old wild free ancestors we had all
things in common and when "potlatch"
and not "grab" was the order of the
day. When we entered civilization we
left a good many things behind. We
have wasted our .ubBtance in chasing
glittering shadow, and In herding
.wine.    Let us go  back to our good
Mother Nature who waits with outstretched arms to welcome our return.
Before long we shall go back home
and will take with us some of the
great secrets of Nature the genius of
man has wrested from the pages of
her books. We will then be able to |
satisfy the hungers of the body without this struggle and find paths of
happiness and treasures of knowledge
which we of to-day do not dream of;
for it is true that men prefer harmony
to discord, light to darkness, and that
his  natural  tendency  is  upward.
The speakers of the evening believed that with such a great opportunity in favor of the holiday lt was assured. They did not think that any
business man in Chlllwack would be
blind enough to court that unpopularity which he would bring upon himself
by taking steps which would deprive
the clerks and other people of the
town of their much desired holiday.
It is a well known fact that clerks
who have the happy anticipation such
as this work with much more enthusiasm and ability than those who are
bound to a monotonous toll and especially is this true of those in the
early summer of life and ln a season
when all the voices of nature call to
them to come out and be happy.
A good point was made when it
was shown that when great commercial centres like Toronto could close
their stores at 12 on Saturday and if
cities like Vancouver and New Westminster are now about to take a half-
holiday, certainly a little isolated place
like Chilliwack could afford one. People coming here should know at once
that this is not a "penal colony" but
one of the garden spots of creation
where the soil is rich enough to give
all a good living and a half holiday
once a week besides.
" • * Please renew for me to enclosed address: (Nottingham) my own
being subject to the usual rule of accommodating itself to where the Job
may happen to be. I have not had a
very rosy time since I left Vancouver, as I found my views were out of
gear and for eight months was under
an eye specialist for neuritis tn the
right eye, and thought lt waa goodbye to working at my trade again.
However, thanks to a sister's care 1
am on the sunny side again. Have been
working six weeks and hope that In
another twelve month will be the same
old chestnut. I am using my copies of
the Clarion for propaganda; but it it
too strong food for the I. L. P. members In general. There are a few good
class conscious ones among them, but
the average one seems to like the
sound of 'Drastic Reforms' better than
Revolution. The first article tn April
21st Issue gives the position very plainly, so I need not say anything a. to Unreason why and how they are shepherded so skilfully.
I have not seen a Communist Manifesto for sale here yet; nor Socialism,
Utopian and Scientific. May be in a
little while I will ask you to send me
a parcel of real stuff by parcel post, ns
I have knocked two or three all right
but can't follow them up very well
without the literature. * • Wei', I
must not begin to ask question, or slop
over too much; but the Clarion is as
good as a letter from home every
week and I watch carefully the names
of old comrades and wonder who the
new ones are. • • I will finish with
wishing the Western Clarion and its
staff the speedy realization of their
hopes. Yours for the Revolution,
6 Cobden St., Leicester, Eng.
A few Socialists listened to Organizer O'Brien; asked questions and exchanged views, one night last week in
a small meeting hall ln the City of
Brantford, Ont. Now and then some
stranger would pop hia head in at the
door (attracted to the place by the
ads. in the local papers), look round
to see if any of his bosses were there,
then, seeing no danger from that
source, slide into a seat near the door
and listen  to  the proceedings.
I-ast month I attended a Labor Union meeting here, which drew an audience of 17, and this in one of the industrial centres of Canada where all
the conditions for the class war are Sn
existence. It seems as if some spell
had hold of the workers. One thing
is sure, no Socialist can remain content
with this state of affairs. To work
then. The least we can do ls to form
a branch of the S. P. of C. and also
.'ouble the circulation of the Clarion
in every town our organisation
For     ^^^^^^^
For  cleaning  "P
Headquarters   l -*>
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
" * • We have secured a good
room for headquarters and when fixed
up will be better than Vancouver Local's. The Dominion Executive Committee should certainly try and arrange
to send the Party Organizer on a trip
through Canad, and as soon a. possible. What's the matter with arranging dates for a tour, by mall, of every
town on the main line of the C. P. R.
In which a Socialist lives. Then .tart
the Organizer out. With a ticket to
Port Arthur and $25, it would be tolerably safe, as I am sure considerable
funds could be raised en route. There's
a good two weeks' work here and in
Fort William (three miles away by
electric car). Cheap transportation can
be had from here to all points east, as
this ls thc head of summer navigation."—L. T. English, Port Arthur.
Revelstoke, B. C, June 6.—Com. Austin Lewis lectured here last night before a fairly good sized audience, in
the Opera House. He gave a vivid description of the horrors and hardships
throughout whtch people of the stricken City of San Francisco had to pa..,
and also showed in forceful language
that our present system of graft and
bribery was the chief cause of all the
suffering, as the earthquake caused
only a small part of the horrors. The
collection amounted to $20.05, which
will go In full to relieve our suffering
brothers in San Francisco, the expenses being borne by our Local.
The Local desires to thank all who
so  liberally contributed.
(Signed) H. SIEGFRIED.
"Britannia Miners' Union, No. 216,"
Britannia Mines, Howe Sound,
June Uth. 1806.
To the Editor Western Clarion,
. Vancouver, B. C,
Whereas, It has come to the notice
of the above Union, that Its worthy
leaders, Charles Moyer, W. D. Haywood, Pettibone and Ht. John are being persecuted for a crime committed
by some fiend, who Is now trying to
bring our most noble and worthy brothers to the gallows to auffer the penalty he himself so richly deserves; be
Resolved, that this Union do extend
it. sincere sympathy to Its heroes in
their confinement; be it alto
Resolved, that this Union do extend
financial aid towards the defence of
our brothers in distress, as far as it
may be able; be It also
Resolved, that this Union send a
copy of these resolutions to The Clarion for publication.
(Seal.) Committee.
To-morrow evening (Juno 17th) In
Sullivan Hall, Ernest Burns will be
the speaker at the regular S. P. of C
propoganda meeting. Subject: "Primitive Man and the Origin of Slaverv."
Total    %H-i»
Report, were received from the organizer, the literary agent and the
programme anil sign committees.
Under the head of new business the
si cretary gnve notice that he WOUld
be away from town for a few weeks,
and asked thut he be relieved from
his duties as secretary, uml that a
successor be appointed forthwith, and
that a committee be appointed to audit the account, for the half year.
The request was compiled with, and
Comrade Perry was elected to the vacancy for the balance of tlm year.
Comrades Kingsley, Stephens and Me-
Kenisle were appointed a. committee
to audit the account..
Comrade Itotnilil was elected recording secretary for the balance of
the year.
Comrade McKenzie was appointed
chairman for next Sunday eveiilng't
propaganda meeting at Sullivan Hull,
Cordova street, when Comrade Ernest Burns will speak on "Primitive
Man" and the "Origin of Slavery."
It was decided to hire the (Hand
Theatre for the Sunday following,
when Comrade J. H. Hawthornthwaite will speak on "The Political Situation." (Sidles are especially Invited to attend this meeting).
The organizer having given notice
that he intended taking a vacation
from business and would be out of
town for a few weeks, Comrade Stephens was appointed to fill the vacancy during his absence.
Comrades Pritchard and Seney were
appointed a committee to consult with
the Glee Club re procuring some new
Socialist songs. Comrade. Stebbings
and Morgan were delegated to matters re city hall and Comrade Dales
was elected to fill the vacancy on the
executive committee caused by the
resignation of Comrade Wilkinson.
The  financial   report   for   the   week
showed   receipts  at   follows:
Collected for the San Francisco
Comrades at .pacta]  meeting  if  the  Local on  June
3rd $l«  00
Collected    at    Sullivan       Hull,
June  10th    11  00
Donated  to  General  Fund    by
Comrade Buker  25
On dues account     2 7 5
Literature account     9 00
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
Cor. Abbott <A Cordova Sts. Old Cob. Building.
Verdant one. an- evincing much
surprise over the widespread and
wholesalt graft that it being .-xpoi*..!
upon every hand. Their turprlte It
due entirely to their verdaney. Wars
they not too green to burn th.-y would
know that the very cornerstone upon
which the eapitallst system rests It
thc graft It perpetrate. upon the
working claaa through the watm-ey*-
tem.      Alongside    of   thin   thete    little
Insurance, raitway ami governmental
^raftt arc. mere bagatelles., and not
north   mentioning.     And   betides  they
an- made possible only because <>f the
fundamental   graft   thnt   .kin.      the
working clas. completely out of the
products of their labor.
Total    IS9 on
The balance theet for May 31st
showed cash on hand    on
April 30th of Jl 5   39
Mayor Dunne, of Chicago, lt pu.h-
Ing a plan to have the city f*tttabllsh
a slaughtering plant. where the
packer, would be compelled to kill
their cattle and prepare tht- meat for
Kilt- Under strict mum. ip.il KUp'-rvl.-
luti.      The   cnpltalltt   papers   refer   to
this scheme a. Donne's hobby, whit.-
this ".hobby" mutt prove a lame nt-
t.-tnpt at correcting tome of the
abuses incidental tO thi- pretelil »ya*
tern of production it oonld not p<>-<-
Sibly ttlnk hoif than the "ll.-.f
Trust's" present "hobby" at I'ncking-
This is Our
without reservation of tn. iM|
Tho choice of hundred, nf mra's. *|
l«-rbly tailored nnd faiilflissji .>|
ioned 111 to ISO Suits •„,
Full and complete Unas in ilmat
every style — garment» that in
inside to aell al almost ul<» a
prices now asked tor th.-m ttt aas
in a profusion of Stylos and (tun
Never before wa. our i him. I.
give most lor your money," *.■.=•»
lv  demonstrated.
Cash received during May
" • • Harry Sibble is here and has
been boosting the Clarion. He is doing
all right. Kingsley and Hawthornt-
walta should do some good when they
come. Things certainly are moving
here."—A Fernie comrade.
" » • Please find $4.50 for
enclosed, all to Boundary Falls. • •
There is a fine outlook for the movement In thia camp. Yours for tho revolution." — John F. Lehcney, Boundary Falls, B. C.
Comrade J. H. Hawthornthwaite, M.
P. P., of Nanaimo, will address a public meeting, under the auspices of Vancouver Local S. P. of C, on Sunday,
June 24th. The Orand Theatre will
most likely be the place of meeting.
Com. Hawthornthwaite will be on his
way to the Interior to spend a month
In propaganda work. In view of events
transpiring in political circles just now
tbe discussion of the workers' program for the comng Provincial general
election, a. expounded by Com. Hawthornthwaite, should prove of unusual interest to the wage slaves of British Columbia
A novel feature of the convention of
the International Typographical Union,
to be held af^Colorado Springs ln August, will be a re-union of the printer
Hough Hlders who served through the
Cuban campaign with that famous
cavalry regiment. There were approximately 40 printers enlisted ln the regiment, several being killed.—Labor
A wage slave who will commit murder at the Instigation of the ruling
class deserves to be killed. The pity
ia, that enough of the above remain
to present "a novel feature" at anything.
The following telegram speaks for
Itself. The Canadian people and
newspaper, who took part In the vigorous protest that compelled Aylesworth to back down are to be congratulated upon their vigor and ara
hereby urged to still further cultivate lt and have lt In good working
order for future service when occasion demands:
Glrard, Kan., June 11th, 1906.
Western Clarion, Vancouver, B. C:
Postmaster General Aylesworth has
notified the Appeal to Itea.on that
the order debarring lt from the Canadian mails has been removed, and
(he paper restored to its former mailing privilege.. Thia action I. tne do
the vigorous protest raised by the Can.
itdlun newspapern and the Canadian
reopb .
T-i,   ta,     Aylesworth.     Call
whenever you feel inclined.
h    disbursed    during
May $r.l
Cash on hand May list.   25
61   40
.$7«  79
Total $76  79
Both reports were adopted and the
meeting then adjourned.
Kubte.-uetitly the auditing committee went over the accounts on Tuesday, June 12th, and certified them
correct, and at the present writing
It Is ascertained that the Local Is entirely out of debt (for perhaps the
first time In It. history), with tome
$9.75 to Its credit.
Sec. Pro Tern.
Subscriber, Princes. Street: —- The
ciuty upon literature I. 10 per cent.
Scientific works are supposed to be
duty free, but It would be a tough Job
to convince any Canadian official that
anything ln the line of Socialist literature was hclentlflc. Thc customs department St Ottawa not long since decided that Karl Marx's "Capital" was
not a scientific work. Morgan's "Ancient Society," might pass mutter a.
a scientific work, provided the customs officials did not get onto the fact
that It contained some important sociological truth..
In the great Standard Oil reflnerle.
at Whiting, Indiana, 8.000,000 barrels
of oil arc refined annually. The Standard absolutely own. the town. Its
population numbers about 4,000. Th>-
workers live In long row. of houses
each the exact counterpart of the
others, they eat very much the same
food and wear clothe, of striking Hlm-
llarlty. And thi. in not under Socialism, either, with It. "paternalism."
destruction of "incentive," and "levelling down." It I. under capitalism, which you know gives free
play to human faculties, stimulate.
ambition and preserves Inviolate that
i.turdy Independence and manhood
that make, the American sovereign
the peer of a king.
The class struggle between the exploiting and exploited classes I. a
struggle for the mastery of the mean,
of production, the former to hold tt
and the latter to seise lt. A. pon.es-
sion is made possible only through
the agency of the organised power,
of the state, the struggle of necessity
become, u struggle for the control of
those powers. Hence the clam struggle becomes a political struggle with
a definite economic purpose In view.
Thc pressure of economic development forces a continued change In social and industrial Institution.. As
production becomes more and more
Boclnl In character the ownershp, and
consequently the control, of Industry
becomes more and more collective, A.
man works so must he own and control In order to enjoy to the fullest
extent that liberty which alone can
round out his manhood to completeness.
The French minister of war     and
marina proposes new eapenditores for
the army and n.i\y that will ..int.- a
deficit of tome $3X.0O«.OUO in Ihe budget,  for the coming year.    Thlt musl
ba provided for i>> tin- iwu<- of a loan.
Th.-   despatches   rather  Madly   remark I
that  thlt situation   »iu  tarnish  the
Socialists an   "occa.lon  for u danger- j,
out   campaign."     It   might   be   added
that the danger, however, will threat-j
an only the ruling clutt.    There It at j
Nl Cat-am Street
least  tome  comfort  In  lhat   for
working people.
OoSSSS, May 29. — Two thousand
innrlnet, KUtpeetcd of not being faithful to the Czar, have been i-ontlgned
to the dungeon, of IsltStlODSlI The
authorities, believing that the garrison cannot be depended upon. ar» replacing them with troop, drawn from
olher town.. The arsw-nnl, all public
buildings and n I mm her of other
houtes are guarded by the police. The
guardt have recently been doubled.—
Translated from L'1'nl'.n des Trnvall-
[burns & coil
I Second Hand Dealer!
Cook Sto-.es snd Tooli •]
W« buy and sell all -dixis et |
scrsp mstal, old ma. hl*rj, j
rubber,  sacks,   bottlca. «U.
Stores—188 Cordova St.. E,
hardware A Junk. 101 I'owffl
St.. new and accond haad fur-J
The working clan. It the bn»e of
the social pyramid. Upon their back"
rest the burden, of civilisation. A.
the tole producer, of wealth upon the
workers falls the entire rurte of exploitation. They are therefore the
only portion of human society Interested In bringing it In an end.
When Emperor "Hill" of Germany
visited the Kmpcror of Austria recently the dl.tlngul.hed twain made memorable the occasion hy klutlng each
other three time.. What a sublime
Hpectiiclc  that  muat have  been.
When he ordered one of hi. minion,
to disperse Comrade Klamroth'. itr.-et
corner gathering. Chief North no
doubt thought he occupied a position
In tome way relative to the Pole.. In
the light of recent events, however, It
would appear that he Is hcll-wcfit-nnd
Plrst Clnt-H liar.        ICim-Mont I looms.
1-rler-M Moderate.
Vaicentf I t
Telephone 2201.
Sanitary  Experts.    Plumbing 1*
IU branchea.       Eatimat.-s futaltadi
Repairs, stove connections, eU
HI ttlTIIIIHI ML. CifMfslra|
| *a**a*s~*»*\
hy kahIj makx
Single    coplea.    I   r'"'"' ,
copies.  25 cent.;  1 '■> <-*r» "I
cent.;   *f>     copies.   II"1'
cople.  snd   over,   2
Theae   rut*.   Inolodi   1"
to any port of Canada
l:nlte<l Kingdom.
cenU P*
of ta j
J "The Western Clarion
C. PETERS gggm]
Stock   ol
MM tnitaleiter Am
all alylca.
ly don'-.
After a hard day's work thore ls nothing »° refrethlng a. -^ (|)
Ilath.    During the warm weather one reluctantly builds n n
the range and consequently tho bath t. often neglected. {0\:
Thi. difficulty can bo easily overcome by the u.e of KnH
with one of our
The "Deaay" 1. a r-riinlriuiilloii boiler    and can    be ■>
your ordinary range nlso. CottnW
It you Intend buying a now boiler, you .liould see ino     w(|| K
tion "Dcasy" before making a purcha.c.    If you don't, J"       |iik,n
«orry after you hnve seen one  In operation that you h-*'1
our advice.
Vancouver Gas Company,
<s ■ ■ ■ aa mmmttmm -saasiaisiaiiiaiaaisiaiat ■ as al ti ■ s**a***-s-a»tt-ai .at m—m—


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