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The Western Clarion Feb 24, 1906

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Array ... —VrS
FES 2 i. 1906     a '
THE WESTERN  CLARION
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
361.
NrilH
Vancouver, B. C,   Saturday, February 24 1906.
subscript.** Prle*
r*a Taaa
Sl.00
MR HAWTHORNTHWAITE SCORES
Succeeds In Having Hit Election Oapo.it Bill Put Back on the Order Paper—Eitht-Hovr Smelter Bill and Matter and
Servant Act op ior Consideration.
for con.sidera
of  tint    Whole
11   soeiin-d   to
. Uhloin   of   late  yours to
On Monduy atU'rnoon, Mr. Haw-
ihunithweite moved, wounded hy Mr.
[lavldson, thnt Hill (No. B- intitul-
,.,1 "An Act to amend the 'Provin-
I'ial Elections A'1.' " I"- |*Wed upon
,li.. orders of i»"- Day
,„,,, „f Committee
liuuae on Thuraday next.
Mt.   lluwlhiirlilhw«il<. tMiltl bt: m*de
tint, motion as a. protest against the
way in «iu'ii 'he I'di had been tat*
Lroycd in i-ouimjttesj.
JUIM'    If'"    "
-tuaiutl* ui-or put* m>iiih manner,
and 'I'-' people Of the country a*, a
whole Htrungly ohjaetod to proeeed-
lag* ..I that, kind. If the it'll wa*
i0 i... killed, it should tie don* la ■
inn ,ii»i open tnanaar, v, that people'
. ..iii.i *pe when' toembar* stood in
regard to the moasure. It wus an
ua*) way ol shirking tins publicity
bj  moving thai   a Mill be wiled   in
...iiiniittee,  but   it   wus not   un h'tTn«l
„,,,i open way. u>-« attention bad
altto lieen drawn i«t tin- fact thnt tbe
, riled    vote    had not  band given
cornet Ij li) t Im* 1111111011111 II wan
im  fault   of  his,   sin..'  no  doubt    lu*
>.nii.i.-i> UKMaghf tiittt be wa* tt*
Qinii.t mt<    the  figures corroctly.     it
,.„,,   merely   11   mistake   Illll    to   11X1*1-
ti.ni if he was correct, imk! «t tin-
■~.,ii. time to give member* 1, chance
t.i place thi'mM'lvch <m record m tv-
nartl 1.1 ilns Hill, be moved the re.
h-.Iu- ion.
lli.n Mr. Tatlow objected to tbe
111*11 iuti«Hi thut he luid made the
motion to kill Ibe Bill in commit to*
a. nrdar thai fl* might eved* the
pjUbftcalioD of his vote. 11.- hail op-
pos«d ii.- Hill .'\.i> un-.' it had bjsen
brought i.ntvartl ami everyone siu*»
bun.  be stood tin it.
Hi Ilu«ser t<ai<l he oppossed tlie
|.',n iiVnuait in counnltUw himself because Ik- thought 11 too email. The
uMmtaei    for Nanaimo hml informed
linn   sin .'       Ihnl   he   -A it-   '..iil-.li*.     to
comprotnlai on hi* aaaendninttl to
rvduce II to *l'»<» and for thai re»-
*oa  be  wtmhl strongly  support    th«
Ill.lt Kill.
lion. Mr. Wilson   *ati<i h>- Intended
hiin-'H lo i.iint; in 11  Ihli to amend
trw-   rroviiitiul   Kle>'i..lts   Act,   and h*
lui.i only deferred t> ringing n down
111 tbe Rape of uiiddini i' a little
nuti-e parfeel m detail, lie would
l.i'iim it in in n f.-w das*-, and if tl*'
member for Ifaneinso wished to <k-
lav his mot ion for a nhort tin**, he
could liiiii(. it In in couiintttflO as on
amendment t,, his Mill, mui thev
..-olil ti-st the Ho*** ti|Min tt then us
well  a.s not.
Mr Shatford *afd as uba*Hiuna of
th.- .oinmiltee which bad dsjefdadlbe
fate of the Hill of the nmnbw   for
Niui.tiiiio.      be   musl    protest    agMiust
tho RtaUonaal that the vote bad
i*"-it   Atom*!.-,   taken,     lt   was  taken
u.ri..tlv  nnd  he Could  show   it.
Mt liuviilsott Haiti lhe Hmi-<,. hn<l
gone Into conooitte* on tba whuh
un thai Hill n(t> 1 isi"ilm it through
awond reading, and hml th>-n sirung-
led H lie conatdared th,- treatment
receinBd In the Hill was noi racfe a*
should In- accorded t., (,ny llill that
• nm. Into the lions,. it man osjury
Ui nutisi- a mistake in counting tbe
vote* in 1 iHiitnittee n-s the* knew,
nm! he ho|«*d that to test the true
fi-eliag uf the ||„tisj. ih.v would allow it tl( jj0 Qjj -j,,. ,,r,|,.r *m*M.r
airain
Mt    Maedonald contended thai  hi-
poaition nn.l thnl of his followers
who hml .,|i!»,,.,.ii \be nill had l»-ert
coMiatoal tbrouajhout. Thej oppo*-
•«i the reiinction becauac thc depoail
Would k,s.|( lties|M,nHitil.. crank* from
running, and not as nn attack on
the Socialist-* nr tabor Candtdatea,
who «eri. ttaually able to put up
their dapoalt*.
Mr.   tllivet   moved   the  nillouniineiit
Of   the    debata,   hut   Mr    llnwthorn-
thwalt* ob>Bcted and aatn-d for a «-
ti    Mr   uiiv,.r then withdraw hi*
. "ml   11   vote  was   taken     on
•«' Hawthornthwaite'* motion wfth
the foil,twrng resnili
Parried on th* following dlvlirlon
M***r*. Tanner, pavictaon.
I law thot nth wiilt,., William*,
Wilson, llousi.m. Bowaer,
Hos-t. v. MclioiiHltl. Qreen
<-ii'«ien, Taylor, Wrlgftl, Voting, (iif-
1 iii.   Macgow-an,   Bbalford
Maillot*,
el mi
iiml Ion.
lYa*
lln'l.
Mi 11,1,1,.,
l'l user.
-2'>
Qrant,
Phj
.1.
ro,
low
ay*.-- Messrs.    Unify,   King,    Mur-
•  Brown,  .Tonsa,  Ehmn*,   Oliver.
A.   Mm-<loniili|,   Henderson.    Mun
I'ateisoii.   Wells,   fnineron,
. KiliHon, CIlfTord—18.
Tat
TEIjEPHONE] bill.
for Public Control of
Tele-
A   llill
Phones.  Introduced |,y n tlon-
■tetvntive Member.
One of the most radical ine-asures
or the present session was Introduced
"ii Thursday last, not hy Williams.
• iawthornthwaite or Davidson, but
i':. the very ConHervatlve member for
«maga»; Mr. Prleij tQlUaon. The
provid** that the (loviornment
•*h»ll have control of the rates to bo
''narjjw] by lelephbno companies, and
Compel uny one company to
connection to other roiniianies
may be reojutred; and it
pnves the wny for a sys-
telofilionos
the province.
Ola-
Bill
flinil
rivi
W'ht'le   it
l,r»'iically
torn of (lovernmeot ownod
tJir.iii-rhont
. Mr. K.uison introduced his Hill
'" nn able s-iewh ncttinR forth that
•n* telephone mmines* of the pro-
v'n*"o nt i»re«ent wns a monopoly be-
lnif practlcnlly nil In the hands of
one compnny, which charged whnt It
I leased. The telephone wus a public convenience and he wished to nee
it at. thc disposal of emery mun. l'er-
lonally he wns in favor of (iovern-
nient ownership of telephones and in-
ilitcd of all imltllc utilities with tht;
inception of railways, and he would
be in favor of that if the province
owned  all  its own revenue.
Mr. Hawthonithwuitii said he was
'.cry 11111. h surprised to hear the
iiKinilx-r for Okauu-fan suy he was in
favor   of   (jovernim-nt   ownership      of
publli   utilltlea.    That was certainly
nink  Boelallam coming from a t'on-
arvaUva      Why,   they   would     have
he  I .literal   l.cnit.r  ,A the ilppohitlon
getting up next,  and  del lnrin-r   hini-
s-lf  ill  faVnr  of  11  policy  of reform.
Mr.   KlIKon   repeated   thut   he   was
11  favor  of   public  own.iship of  public    utilities    wilh     the exception  of
railways,  and     he     would  favor  the
..win!sln|i of railway* if the provfat-g
owned nil its own revenue.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite suid be was
itillu-i' surprised at thai statement,
l-eruns.- he h.i'l before him tbe Midway    and Vernon    Railway Hill,   in
..huh   the   honorabl*   •.'.•n'l.-u.nii   watt
undaavoiing t.. hav*  'his    province
.ay out 11,500,000 t,, this COm-
, any .
The   Speaker   remimled   Mr.      ilaw-
borntbwalte that he must roi ul-
ttde 'n a uwitter ihat bad passed the
eCOIrd reuilinH;. and was s'ill ! uforc
• he   lions.'.
Mr Hawthornthwaite said .e was
nny that he could not c. liiise
■vhnt was known as the lawhone-
ii*i-al er of this province. Apart
rom ihnt he though! the Hill intrtv
dttcod by the honorable gentleman
vus .i sti^i in the riijbt direction and
he should support it. There Wa* one.
Innir he would |siint. out, however,
owl that was that when you gel con-
:rol of the rates nnd prtoe* you t»ok
ih*- \i-rv heart out of prfvat* owner-
■hip, and vet the member for OKan-
urtin had i,.s.n dectad on a platform
if private ownership. Private ownership cxiMt*ii  for profit,   anil when you
tru. k a\ that, you (truck at its life.
It was cwrtnttil'. „n encouraging si-m
0 hnn ti/il   hi-  rollemrue from    \«'W-
a.sti.. in si' CoBawrvalive* riaiasj
nnl aiH.watini- s»nh innaiiim* if
ihey k»*pl on in a few yenrs they
tvouiii -js. aven tbe moal advanced
Uberal*  getting  up  and  wpportlng
thl'tll   t,,...
Hon. Mr. Wltaon Wa* not in favor
of Provincial Qovernmanl  ownership
of railways bocaiMM they hnd not the
neam to run them, n■ ■< 1 their control would stop ut the boundary of
the province, ffe would favor Federal ownership, however, if it were
Ureal hie.
After thes*. Interruption*, Mr. Kl-
iison concluded his apeech with    an
•arn. st   RppBsJ   t,,  the Il.cise  t.i situif
hy  him.
Mr    Bowaer   tried   lo  have   the   Hill
ruitsi <Hit of order by tha Bpeakar on
1 tehnitnl motion, hut the S|H-nk-
•r promptly overruled him, say in-
that he could sis- nothing In the Hill
that a private i/n-mlter wns not'eom-
uetent  to Introduce.
Mr Bowaer then moved the ad-
ouri.inent of the debate, antl the
(till hns not come up for discuss].m
again since
FIHST  Mil tO Till: INJURED
nil.I. to  Intend Coal Mines Regula*
tion Act Puaea Committee.
After   loiif*   delay,      Mr.    Hawthorn
ihwmt*'s Bill<providing thnt over-
Men aixl olbcjals In coal mines sliull
he compelled to Ink-' out certificates
of efficiency in ambulance work pmss-
t«i to committee ttage on Ihuraday,
last, but it ditl not Kit that far
«ithunt considerable criticism from
the representatives of capital in tho
Hon*.'.
Premier McBride said he had moved the adjournment of the debate on
second reading that he mmhi have a
chance to i,..»- Into the lull, ami hav-i
,..i- done so. ii<- was iiiiite   aatlafled
ihat   tla.   measure   was  a  good    one,
and hoped it wouW pass anrrenf roarli
In*  without  further opposition.
The Hill then panned mcoad read*
Ing without division, and wus at
once committeed wnh Dr. Kinit in
ihe chair.
The   lirst   obJSCtAon   was  rnlsxxl    by
Mr. w. c. Weils, the lumberman   of
llohlen. Ih- w tinted n further explanation  of  Clause  -     How    would
the ranilrement that an overseer
should he compelled to take out a
uiislical certificate work out?
Mr. Huwthoi-Mthwuite said Unit, it
olreadj worked out in Great Britain
where it was u universal rule. All
that was aimed nl, was that the
overseer should hist have sufficient
knowledge    to   enable   him to give
help to an injuittd man in an emergency ,
Mr. I'nleis-on said some men who
were   "tiod   nversts'ts   would   lie    quite
Iqcapablo of attending to an Injured
mail. He thought it would bettor
to appoint some one man especially
for this purpose.
Mr. Hawthiiinlliwdite said tlu-
rule wns Intended to apply chiefly to
accidents where there was only one.
or two, or throe, men Injured. A mun
might die while bhuy were bringing a
r-jUallfled man from some distant part
of the miii-\ The help might be a
lone distance off nnd a man miirht
bleed to death In thc meantime. If
an oVfiraoer    only hnd a  lit tie elem
entary knowledge, s-ufneiont to enable him to tie up an artery, or set
a broken limb in (he^best position,
it might often be the means of sav-
inc lives in the mines. The trentle-
men opposite apparently did not understand the conditions in coal mines
where gangs of mitn often worked far
apart, but himself and the member
for Newcastle knew the danger of de-
lav in such matters.
Premier McBride said this Bill was
only following out a general policy
already adopted in mines, where medecine and liniments were kept on
hand in case of emergency, and it
would serve to make the application
more affective.
Mr. Wells still contended that he
<iiil not. think that an overaasr should
ts- hampered in his duties hy hnvini?
to look after on* injured man. He
was there to look after the general
safety of the mine.
Mr. Patarson pointed out that in
case of an explosion, an overseer
might rtwpiire to concentrate his attention to ae* that there was no
second explosion by which the lives
nf all the other men in the mine
might   1*' sacrificed.
Hoi. Curter-t'otton said an overseer was supp-med to have souk- intelligence and could use his own dis-
retion in a raw like that. There
was nothing compulsory in the Hill
in ihnt wny. It only askt*d that nn
overseer ihouid have knowledge that
might  is- available in emergency.
Mi Haw ih.., tiHiwaii.- agreed with
the Presddent of the Council, lb- was
sure that the own.-rs of mines would
be hoarttly in favor of this measure,
because there was on the statute
(book* a law knuwn as the Workmen's
Compensation Art, which rendered
employer* liable to pay enormous
stuns of money if a number of their
.tien were killed hy accident. It was
a matter    of  dollar-      and rents  io
them that this Bill should be passed
and from the standpoint of humanity it ought to meet the approval
of every man in the House.
The Hill passed through committee
ami was reported complete, the only
amendment being made by the Attorney -General, who substituted the
word practitioner for doctor in the
following section, which contains tho
gist of the Hill:
2. "(d.) A candidate for certificate
of competency as manager, overman,
shift boss, or shotlighter, shall produce n certificate from a duly -/piatitled practitioner showing that he has
taken a course in ambulance work
fittimr him, the said candidate, to
"ive first aid to men injured in coal
mining operations."
On Friday the Hill passed third
reading without  further opposition.
EIGHT-HOUR   SKELTER  LAW.
Parker    Williams    Give*   Paterson a
Few   Pointers.
The debate on Mr. Davidson's Hill
to regulate the hours of labor in
oertain industries, was resumed b.v
Premier McBride on Thursday afternoon. The Premier said he had
moved the adjournment of the debute on the previous week in order
to give himself more time to look
Into the Hill. He had done so, and
(bund thai il was practically the
s.tnie measure as was introduced bv
ihe member for Nanaimo last year
to regulate tbe hours of labor in
smellers. The same arguments that
had been usod against it then would
apftly now. The smelters were just
struggling on lheir feet, and to do
anything that would hamper thero,
might result in their closing down,
the business would go over to the
other side, and hundreds of working-
men    in    this      province     would     be
(Continued  on  Page Three)
WAGE-SLAVES NOT RELIGIOUS
 f	
Paul Latargue, the Keen French Observer, Attributes the Lack nf
Religion Among the Proletariat to the Elect of tbe
Giant Implements of Industry on the Mind.
Factory hand* and day laborers in I Horn to be a wage-earner, he lives
the great cities of Europe and Am-1 u.- a wBgueainer and as a aagr rat
erica are essentially a godh"ss and : ner dies. He can never expect any-
iireligious class of men, we are in-j |f-.iii/- more from society than an in-
f,inn-d by Mr Paul l,ufargue, WhoT crease in his pay. and an unbroken
writes     in     the     Socialistic   Wt-t-kly ' she year,   and  for every  year  of his
J continuance  of  it  for every    day  of
! life.       In     the  life of  the  bourgeois
Neue SSsdl (Stuttgart) but who omits  to say  where he obtained  his  in-
■ irm.ition. In the "Parish Year
Rook" of Grace Church, New York,
however, we find recorded nn incident which gives support to Mr. La-
fargue'i statement.    A (Jrace Church
ity missionary, after addressine- a
-rroup of Italian factory band* at the
noon hour, was asked why he con-
lined himself to civic and social matters. He explained thnt he had re-
fruiii-d from the appearance of pro-
selynng from another religion from
muti.es of delicacy. "Oh. you need
not kis-p silence for any such reason
as that." was the reply, "we are
all iithf-ists here."
Workingmen.   Mr.   Lefargttfl    avers.
now no Providence excepting their
power to work, and their daily wag.
Whil.- the capitalist can see Providence in the favoring circumstance*
which hav furthered his prosperity,
there is none to be discerned, says
this writer, in the lot of one who is
horn to work for a wage, who lives
and dies n wage-earner. Even the
hourgeoi*,—farmers nnd small ,-hop-
1 ee|'*crs—have more sense of possession, with regard to what they deal
111, thnn the toiler in factory antl
foundry has in whnt he heli*s t<i produce; and eonaecfuently more con-
'entiiient und more inclination to
fi-el gratitude towards an -insivn
power. The influences of external
natur* are also missed by the city
operative, who sees the outside
world only through the window of
his workshop. Ile is constantly c< n-i
frontod, too. with tbe vast nnd dan-t
gerous machinery of his trade, nml
ihe mysticism and superstition which-
prevail in quiet country places never tenth him.    To Quote:
''All the numerous attempts mad*
in Europe and America to Cfcrlatlan-
ire the proletariat have lieen barren
of   risult. Nothing   has   ever      siic-
roBded in overcoming the Indifference
toward religion manifested by those
city masses which are lieing constantly   increased  by   the  accession of
new recruits, as country handicraftsmen nnd Villager* stream in by thousands to join the machine opnratf«v©a
iii tlie vast army of wage-earners.
While machine lnbor hns a tendency
to promote religion nmong the l*>ur-
geois it has just the opposite elTect
u|s)ii  the proletariat.
"It is of course, perfectly logical
for the capitalist to believe in Providence, which attend* to nis needs,
nnrNin a God who has elected him
from among thousand* to a life of
earn ami Idleness. It Is equally lo-
p-fcaJ for a man of the proletariat
class to ignore the iden of a divine
Providence. He tloes not see any
heavenly father giving him his daily
bread, though he should pray for it
from morning till nig-ht. What he
knows very well Is that 'be wages
which yield the hare necessities of
life are won by the toil of his own
hand, and that, unless ho works, in
spite of all th* gods in henven nnd
nil Ul* friends on earth, lie must die
of hunger. The wngv-wlmier feels
that he is bis own providence. There
aro no turn* of luck or good fortune possible in his life as in that of
the hourgeoi*) which, ns if by magic,
rescue    him    (rom     his environment.
OBSERVATIONS BY SPARTACUS
Law Courts, Domestic Help, Tho White Man's Burden, Britain's
Policy in South Africa, and the Winnipeg City Council
Touched Upon from a Socialist Standpoint.
atrOke* of good fortune oecur, generally expected, which foster mysticism; and the idea of a tiod always
originates in the human mind
through the fancies of mysticism.
Hut this is not the case with the
proletariat."
The banishment from the country
which is the lot of those who toil
in the greater industries, continues
Mr. L&fargue, deprives them of those
influences of external nature which
rouse in the rustic ideas of the mysterious and supernatural, in his own
words.
"ilie life of the industrial operative secludes him from that contact
with nature which the bourgeois
class may enjoy. It is from the
phenomena of nature that the countryman derives his belief in specters,
witches, magic and other superstitious fancies. The city operative
never sees the sun except through
the window of his factory; he only
know* nature as it appears in the
immediate neighborhood of the town
where he works, and only this on
rare occasions. He cannot distinguish n field of wheat from a field
of oats, not a potato patch from a
patch of hemp. He knows the products of the ground only in'the form
in which he consumes tbirm. He is in
complete ignorance with regard to
agriculture and the vicissitides of
lhe hnn est. through rain, hail or
Storm. Such things never enter into
his calculations. His city life keeps
him free from the perturbation, the
anxiety, and the cares which harass
the mind of the farmer. Nature, con**
Mtiucntly. has no part in shapin
the character of his mind."
Instead of being subject to the control of those active power* of nature manifested in the chan'"V* of weather gnd seasons, the toiler in the
factory or foundry is brought in con
tact through machinery with the
most formidable forces of nature,
such as the farmer knows nothing
nt'Oiit. says the writer, and he continues:
"Instead, however, of bein" subject to these formidable forces, he
has them under his control. The gi-
eantic apparatuses of steel and iron
which appear in the factory, and
which he sets in motion, as if he
wound up an automaton, rattle and
roar temiiestuoiisly, but rouse in him
no feeling of s-tirh superstitious awe
as thunder might cause to a farmer.
s>ut leave him unshaken and unalarm-
ed. He knows that overy limb of
these metal monsters was forgwi and
put in place by his comrades, and
thnt by turning n crank he himself
enn sot them in motion or stop them'
In spile of tlvir power nnd wonderful productive activity, these machines for him have nothing mvster-
ious in them. The operative in an I shop teaches
electrical workshop who needs only
to touch a button in order to set
the street railways in motion or
liisht up the city can say. T/i't there
be light.' anil there will bo lisht.
Never was a magic that so far transcended tho wildest dreams; but to
him this magic is simple and natural. Nothing WOUld nstonish him
more  than   to  hear  any   one  declare
It is a venerated dengyna of capital*
ism that in the law courts the rich
and |K>or are on equal footing and
that justice is impartially administered by the judiciary that, in some
unexplained way, is entirely free
from bias or chance or error. To
call into Question the unerring wisdom of the party hacks tbat act as
judges ie to bring down upon one's
head the righteous indignation ot the
Pharisaical capitalist press of both
political stripes. The utter falseness
of the claim of even justice, for rich
and |*oor has been often proved by
the working class. Judges can never be impartial when hearing a case
between a member of the ruling class
and a member of the working class,
fur judges are drawn from the ruling,
class and it is natural for them to
be biased in favor of thoir own
class. Judges ran never lie impartial when hearing election and other
rases arising out of the quarrels of
the two governmental factions of the
capitalist class, (he ins and outs.
They owe their positions to one of
these factions and look for promotion and increase of salary and fat
commission jobs from the faction in
power. Kven where the case being
heard is between individuals of the
same class justice cannot be reMed
on. The law is so cumbered with
precedents that no lawyer nor any
judge can possibly know it all, and
the party with the cleverest lawyer
in almost any cose wins his suit.
The more clever tbe lawyer the
greater the fee; therefore, the man
with the longest purse wins. He can
buy more law than his opponent.
Money talks in the law courts as
elsewhere. Justice as dealt out in
these courts is a fraud, a delusion
and a snare. A thistle cannot produce figs, neither can the capitalist
system, foumled anfl nurtured on injustice, bring forth justice.
♦ *    *
Nearly all law concerns property,
nearly all lawsuits concerns property and nearly all crime is commit-
ttsti for the sake of gaining property,
l'nder a system where all. by a few
hours' work p«r day, will have sul-
hcient to supply all reasonable needs
it is inconceivable to suppose that
men will quarrel about what an-one
may so easily obtain, it is incon-
1 eivahle to suppose that men will lie
steal or commit murder to obtain
immunity from three or four hours
work per dny, work rendered as
pleasant as human knowledge can
make it. This is why the Socialists
claim that almost all crime will disappear under a Socialist regime. A
few skilled men will be sufficient to
hear and decide all legal grievances,
and lawyers w-ill be unknown, and
with them will have disappeared tbe
.ourt-f as we have them now.
* *    *
J. J. Golden, of the Manitoba Immigration and Employment Bureau,
in his report to the legislature the
olher day stated that "there is an
evident shortage of domestic help
in this province, the demand far ex-
ceedine: the supply, in fact there has
lieen very few to come forward offering to engage in domestic service."
\ll this is very reprehensible on the
nart of working class women. We
must at once see to It that our sisters stop the inconvenience and the
dis-crace of the "ladies"' of Winnipeg
havine to empty their own slops anA
attend to the wants of their own
babfjB*. Mr. Golden went,on to say;
"Sometimes none are to be had."
Truly     a     terrible  state  of    things.
"This would appear to be ono of the"
greatest problems of housekeeping."
Of course Mr. Golden speaks from
the standpoint of the capitalist!
class, from whom he obtains his
salary. "The greatest problem of
housekeeping" among thc working-
class is to obtain sufficient food, etc.
to keep the wage-slaves alive, and
bring on another batch, and will so
continue until the workers know en-.
onig-h to keep what they produce and)
let the capitalists go hang.
*   *   m
The natives of Britain have
carrying on for a long time past a
mission, which a certain jingo rfaym-
ster has railed "Ibe White afaa'a
Burden." This mission or burden
is, in the opinion of those tbat profit by it, the work of civilizing tbe
natives of those parts of the globe
that the white man has not already
stolen. Tbe heretical Socialist declares that tbe mission is to obtain
new markets for tbe product* of industry that tl. • producers are too
poor to buy bi..k, and which would,
unless marketed, not only be a loss
to the owners, but by accumulating.
and causing production to be stopped, would dislocate the whole ao-
cial system—a perilous state of affairs for tbe ruling class.
•     •     •
One portion of tbe "ldbe stolen tr-
Great Britain is South Africa. In
tropical and sub-tropical countries
the wants of the natives are satisfied with but small exertion, and tbe
natives, show a reprehensible unwil-
lhariaese to set to work for tbe white
man or to buy his goods. This ia
true of tbe Kaffirs, tbe dispossessed
owners of South Africa, and in order,
to increase their "want*" beyond
what they can produce unaided, a
hut tax, or poll taxis levied ton them
and to pay this they must work for
the white man. Y Civilization"
means to the Kaffir robbery by tbe
white man, and he resents ot. Just
now be is refusing to pay tbe poll
tax, and British force is being need
to persuade him to become civilized.
The burden is on tbe native, not on
the white man. "Civilization"
robbery everywhere and always, it
robs the working class child of ita
fun and merriment of childhood, it
robs the grown man of his enjoyment in life, it robs the old of the
peace that should be theirs. When
will this diabolical system be ended?
The answer rests    with the working
class.
•   •   •
The Winnipeg City Council is composed of what are generally termed
"prominent citizens" and "taeet
men." We should, therefore, expect
them to show us, by their conduct,
the high moral tone peculiar to
"prominent citizens," nor are we
disappointed. These gentlemen have
just voted some of their number
$1,000 for a jaunt to Milwaukee for
the ostensible purpose of inspecting
a gas producing plant, a wholly unnecessary proceeding, but one which
enables them to sample "The Beer
That Made Milwaukee Famous" and
incidentally have a good time at the
expense of the ratepayers, whose interests they are supposed to guard.
There is no pity coming to tne ratepayers, but the incident shows the
lack of honesty among the flower of
capitalism, the "prominent citizen."
A system founded on robbery will
naturally produce robber*—like begets like.
SPARTACUS.
ADOPTS   EIGHT-HOUR  LAW.
The I/ogislative Assembly of British Columbia has passed a law
which provide* that miners shall not
lie retained underground for a longer period than eight hours. Deducting the time lost in entering and
leaving the mines, the actual work-
dav will lie less than seven hours.
This is the liest short work-day law
yet enacted on tho American continent.
It will 1.0 remembered that in 1903
nnd again last year the Socialist
Party made groat gains in the legislative and parliamentary elections.
To the effect of this vote, and also
to tbe apjgressive activity of the
Western Federation of Minors, is to
be attributed the passage of this
now law.—The Worker.
The eight-hour law referred to applies exclusively to coal mines, and
was the work of Comrades Hawthornthwaite and Williams, tho two
Socialist members of the Provincial
House. No other "aggressive activity" hail anything to do with it.
thnt Ood could at will stop the machine or put out the electric light.
He would confidently retort that
sucn nn anarchistic diety could amount to nothinc more than n .broken
rod or a severed belt in '.ho machine.
Practical labor in the modem work-
tho wapv-oamer selenitic determinism, exceptine that he
has not arrived at it through tho
theoretic study of pbiloaopfay,''
The writer concludes by saying
that th" atheism and indifference to
religion manifested by the laboring
masses has in the present age ai>-
peared in history for the first time.
—Translation made for The Literary
Digest.
The New York Journal of Feb. 9,
contained a picture of poor womea
in that city sorting over the contents of an ash-barrel in order to
obtain the few bits of half-burnt
coals It might contain. Along with
, this went an editorial dealing with
1 the iniquity of a civilization tbat
made such a scene possible. One
would think from the Journal'*
noise about it that the sorting of
tbe contents of ash-barrels and garbage boxes was a new thing in New
York, and other large cities. And
yet this has been prdktised through
necessity by large numbers of the
inhabitants of these places tor, lo!
these many years. It Is about time
some of these great "moral engines"
took note of what is going on about
them. Of course, the Journal see*
this picture of poverty as the result
of the selfishness and greed ot the
heartless owners of the coal mines,
instead of what it really is, the logical result of capitalist production
for profit.
 o	
We learn of a movement In New
Jersey to provide prisoners with the
opportunity to read "good books."
Tho proposal is to start regular
classes in grammar, arithmetic and
"business principles." That is only
fair to the prisoners. If they thoroughly master the latter study the*
will learn just how much they can
steal and still keep out of jail. It
would lie wiser, however, to teach
them Socialism, so that thev could
inaugurate a system under which
they could get an honest living.—
Common Sense.
 o	
Let the Clarion print vour
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H
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SATURDAY  FEB. 24, 1906
THE CLASS STRUGGLE.
The conflict of mterest between the
purchaser of labor-power (capitalist)
aad tbe seller (wage-earner) is tbe
same as that arising between the
buyer and the seller of any other
commodity. The purchaser wishes
to buy as cheaply as possible, while
tba seller's interest demands tbe
highest price obtainable. The buyer
in one case becomes the seller in the
next, and thus his mterest lies in a
direction quite contrary to that in
tbe' first instance. Take for instance
tbe workingman wbo finds a purchaser for his commodity labor-power. He quite naturally secures the
highest possible price obtainable un-
tbe circumstances surrounding the
transaction. Having sold and received payment (wages) be enters the
market this time as a purchaser of
food, clothing, etc. His mterest
now demands, not high prices, as
when selling bis labor-power, but low
prices. He wishes to obtain the largest quantity of goods possible for
bis money. As be sells his labor-
power to some capitalist or capitalist concern, so does he likewise purchase his food, clothing, etc. In
dealing, therefore, with tbe capitalist, first as seller, then as buyer, he
finds himself alternately upon tbe
two aides of the one proposition out
of which an inevitable conflict of interest arises. In the first case his
interests demand high prices and the
second one low prices. And yet be
is dealing in both cases with capitalists, with members of tbe one economic clas*—the capitalist class.
It ought to be easily seen tbat
while out of these conditions an uncompromising class conflict, or class
war, might arise, it cannot arise
over tbe differences tbat crop up between buyers aad sellers, because of
tbe fact that the buyer in one in-
Htance becomes the seller in tbe next
without having left the ranks or the
economic class to which he belongs
by virtue of the way in which he
mates hi* living. A man without
property rights in tbe means of production, depends for his living upon
tbe sale of hi* labor-power. This fact
is not altered although be does upon
occasion enter tbe market as a purchaser of commodities instead of a
Heller. 'As a seller of lab-or-power,
tbe workman's interests demand a
i«gh price. As a purchaser of food,
clothing, etc., bis intercuts demand a
iow price. A high-price for lafbjor-powr'
.-r inevitably implies, under anything
like normal conditions, a correspon
tKiigly high price for the things produced, consequently a high price for
the things the workman must purchase. Hi* interests can therefore be
* unserved upon the one band only by
being correspondingly crippled upon
the other.
Over the differences arising between
buyers and sellers no class struggle
can develop. Could buyers always remain buyers and sellers remain sellers, such a struggle would be possible. As the buyer in one case becomes tbe seller in the next, and vice
versa, the possibility of a class stru
■do over the conflict of interest be-
iwven them is preemptorily negatived. Economic class tides are not
drawn between buyers and sellers,
1 nd cannot be for the reasons stated/
The disputes arising between work-
man and their employers over wages,
fiours, etc., are of the name character as those arising between shippers
nnd transportation lines, small mer-
ihants and the big combines, formers and the commission men, and so
or less violent outbreaks in no way '
threaten the economic mastery of
capital over labor. However stubbornly the wage-earners may battle
for higher prices for their lattor-pow-
er, or the farmer for higher prices
for his products, or tbe shipper for
lower rates, capital remains absolute economic master. The capitalists still retain their owners-hip of
the means of production and the products of industry.
The evils that so persistently manifest themselves upon the surface of
human society do not appear because buying and selling are improperly carried on. They do not arise
■because capitalists will not pay what)
they ought for the things they purchase or compel others to pay too
much for the things they needs must
have. They spring from a cause
that lies deep in the foundations ol
present civilization, a cause'of which
low wages, poverty, banki-u-
crime, prostitution and a thousand
other evils are but tbe surface indications, as pimples, sores and ulcers
on the human body are evidence* of
disease lurking within the system.
Tbe disease that is eating the heart
out of present day civilization is the
form of property upon which its
structure is reared. With the mean-,
of production functioning as capita^,
labor-power and ali af its products
are thrown into the maelstrom of 1
world's market as commodities to be
bought and sold in a mad scramble
among men to see wbo can get the
most out of the brutal scrimmage.
The tpiarrels and disputes between
buyers and sellers need not be considered as matters of surprise. A little observation will demonstrate tbat
they are unavoidable under conditions where all men must depend upon buying and selling for their existence.
Capitalist ownership of the means
of production implies the economic
servitude oi labor. That is that th*
workingman snail remain ft slave m
wealth production. He shall -eur-
render Ihis power of labor to his capitalist masters, so that they may
obtain possession of the products
brought forth by his labor. Out of
this comes that tornado of buying,
selling, lying, cheating, swindling,
grafting, chancery, fraud, thieving,
murder, etc., tbat makes out boasted civilization an unmoral cesspool
of inif-Uity.
Buyer and seller, and tbe differences that may arise between them are
made possible by the present system
of property. AH of these rest upon
the fundamental robbery of labor at
thc hands of capital. The conflict
of interest between^ the capitalists
and the workers is determined by
this one fact alone. Whatever disputes may occur later on over the
price of labor power, of food, of
clothing, etc., are merely incidental
to the robbery and the carrying of
it on.
While class war, or a clasa -.t.rug-
gle, cannot occur over the price of
things—labor-power included with the
rest—a class war can and will develop and be fought to a finish over
the robbery itself. Tho capitalists
will struggle to maintain their bold
upon the means of production thus
continuing their economic mastery
over the workers. The latter will
struggle to break that hold and
place themselves in position of mastery over tbe products of their labor. By so doing they will effect
their freedom.
Tbe class struggle cannot be fought
in, the shop, the factory, the mill as
tbe purpose of the struggle, tbat for
which the struggle ia carried on, lies
outside. Production is carried on
of course, in tbe industrial field, the
Shop, etc. The ownership of tbe
shop aad it* products i* determined
elsewhere. Through the machinery
of the State titles of ownership to
both shop and product ls vented in
those who, in the opinion of the
State, are entitlod to possess them,
and such titles are defended by all
the powers at its command.
Aa the class struggle i* of necessity waged over tbe control of tbe
means of production, tbe shop, factory, etc., and the organized State
is the power alone sufficient to assert where that control should lie,
and to secure to the owner* their
property rights, it logically follows
tbat the struggle lies outside tbe
shop, although the control of production is the point at issue. The
class struggle then becomes a political struggle between those who
would perpetuate tbe present system
of property and those who would
overthrow it. The capitalists struggling to retain possession of the machinery of tbe State in order that It
may continue as the instrument
whereby their property rights in ithe
shop, factory, etc., may be held intact. The workers struggling to obtain for themselves possession of the
machinery of tbe State for the purpose of using it as tbe instrument
with which to oust the capitalists
from ownership of the meana of production, and establish ownership by
transformation buying and selling
comes to an end. In the place of
production for profit, comes production for use. With the uprise of the
working class to control of the powers of the State and the use of such
powers to strike down the rule of
capitalist property and rear the
Workers Republic, the State would
"die out" as Engels ha* put it. In
other words as the process of transformation is carried out thc State
would lose its fangs and claws and
resolve itself into purely an administration of Industry by the working
class for tbe working class.
SILLY TWADDLE.
ing
Hi own
or are
1 n all along the line.    These    dls-
, utes which often culminate ln more' the working class instead. .With thi*
fifThs day is pust," said Mr. Brown,
"when it is possible for any man
haughtily to assert his right to run
his own business in his own way or
to spend his money as he pleases.
"To purchase labor in the cheapest
marU-'t is wrong when it involves tba
sure degradation of Uie lalwrer and
the destruction of all the possibilities of a wholesome family life for
him.
"So .long as certain employers consulting solely their own Interests,
will pay the lowest wuges which men
can be induced to tabs; so long as
they will discharge men with families when they find they can get
boys and girls cheaper, without even
asking themselves wbnt. is to become
of these families; so long as they
continue to attract to the neighborhood in which their industries are
located great numbers of cheap laborers; so long as such narrow and
immoral self-interests hold undiapufeed sway, there can be no |iermancnt
advance made toward the kingdom
of God or of that industrial stabili-
tv whioh is an important element in
the kingdom of God.
"And this is expially true whenever union men resort to terrorism
and violence in order to coerce those
who differ from them in their industrial methods. Whenever the.v insist
that no distinction shall be made between efficient and inefficient workmen, then, by their own acts, the.v
also retard the solution of the grave
problems which rest heavily upon
them under modern conditions."
The Mr. Brown who gave utterance.
to the above is the Rev. Charles It
Brown,  of Yale.     The occasion   was
the    opeiting    of the Lyman Beeehar
lecture course in that city recently. '
Of all jtersons who, by habit, custom and training are qualified to indulge in volubility, without uncovering a truth, the modern preacher
is perhaps the most expert. If the
balance of the gentleman's discourse
was a* meaty as thc above specimen
it might be well liktfned to a well-
i-olished dry  bone.
The day is not past, and ought
never to pass when it becomes Im-
jioiisible or wrong for <- man to run
his own affairs in his own way or to
spend his substance to suit himself.
But the time is pust when it is good
for human society thnt any man or
set of men less than the whole, be
allowed to hold and run the industrial affairs of society as their own
property and to do with as they
please. The preacher's protest
against the right of the modern employer to run his "own business" as
he pleases is a denial of the present
system of property, whether the sky-
pilot so intended or not. The very
right to property implies that the
owner use it as he pleases. Any restriction laid upon him in regard to
such use is a repudiation of this
rigbt.
If it is morally right to buy and
sell things in the market, then it is
morally right to buy or sell cheap.
In fact, the cheaper the more moral,
for if extravagant prices be. paid, or
arpriee in excess of that determineod
by the condition of the market at
the time of wale, the purchaser is
guilty of unnecessarily wasting his
substance. This has been Ion
taught as a sin by the preachers
themselves, therefore tbe immorality
of such conduct should be considered
established beyond dispute.
This railing at employers because
they consult their own interests in
the purchase of lubjor-power, and obtain their supply thereof where they
can gut it the cheapest. Is tbe silliest of twaddle. Brown himself says
nothing in, so far as emoted above,
to inter that he objects to the present system of property. His complaint seems to be against some of
its inevitable results. It were just
a* logical to complain of thc vermin bred by th* unclean habits of
an Individual, rather than to appl;
the means necessary to cleanliness
thus rendering vermin impossible.
All men look out as best they mu,
for:their own interests,, Those interests are determined by their own
range of vision, and not by the dictum of others, either preachers or
laymen. Thoso interests arc as a
rule material ones, and there are
those who assert that even preachers
are no exception to tho rule. There
is more than a suspicion in the
minds of many that tlieir zeal is
breaking spiritual bread to the multitude, is largely determined by tin-
amount of material bread they receive in return. Tho affinity between spiritual and material things,
Is evidenced quite frequently by the
alacrity with which a preacher responds to a call to change of pastor.
nte  when    such call  is  accompanied
by an oiler of increased salary.
A more explicit explanation ..f In*
advance toward the, Kingdom of
God, and the part pluyed by industrial stability in that parliculm district, is needed. We Know that th*
kingdom of capital is raised to B
state of beatitude when such a ion*
ilition Of industrial stability prevail* as will allow of the close and
swift skinning of labor without -told-*
the skinnee* to violent outbreak
,»r rebellious conduct. Has
got tho two kingdoms mixed
the.v in reality the same?
After condemning the arbitrary action of employers in purchasing ltui-
or cheap. it is quite refresh!- g to
hear our preacher likewise condemn
the effort* of union men to prevent
it. This is about as logical nnd
consistent as could be expected from
that craft in human society whose
sole functions has been, and still is,
to deal out heavenly soporifics lo
keep the slaves taiiet under the lush,
in return for which service ihey cn-
iov numerous yellow legged Chickens ami other toothsome things
Oul of all this bluster and twaddle there comes no word to iwiini
the way to anything like ti solution
of the difficulty. No suggestion ol
any change in the relationship existing between muster ami slave is
either made or Implied. That man
ought to act differently lu regard to
thuir business affairs; that employers
ought to take into consideration the
circumstances and needs of the workingman when buying his labor-pow-
er; or that union men ought not to
insist upon their demands for better
wages, etc., is the purest nonsense,
and calculated neither to cheek thi'
rapacity of the capitaliat, noi to further the interest of his vicuim—the
wage-slave.
This sort of silly twaddle has Vt-n
Indulged in for centuries tuui not
without effect in deluding tl"' slave
into believing that the verbal custi-
gntion of his tyrannical (neater was
indulged in by a saviour who had
come to effect his deliverance from
bondage. But "soft words butter
no (HU-snips." Neither does the l*-t-
ty scoldings administered to capitalists by their paid hirelinus in any
manner threaten the foundation of
modern civilization with it* tirro-
■Ttnt, brutal antl •onadenisates* i apt-
1 olist class ii]-oii Uie one hand, and
its exploited, cringing and slavish
working class  upon   the  other.
I j*>t no slave get excited beeaun oi
the fretful scoldings administered to
greedy employ ers from the pulpit. A
sl-y-pilot who inihilges in such exhibitions without pointing out tbe i-a-
iis of their power nnd greed find tbe
roiul leading to deliverance therefrom should Im- looked upon with
suspicion by every victim of capitalist exploitation, .lust now this
tvjie of preacher is becoming altogether too common tn attract attention as a novelty. This is no time
for silly twaddle anil fretful scolding*. These, are days for the adjuring of knowledge of the facts. The
day of aft ion is rapidly aliproachwm.
PLATFORM
Worker, of the World Unite"
Ibe modern state is tho Instrument through which the capitalist
class maintains Its control of pro.
duction and its conm-quant economic
dominion over the workers.
0-
«.■.■.«■—■
aat-l-yry l.nb„r Union tn Uu- SNWriuc-. 1, ,,,
vll< -I lu -.In-'-' * t«t.l iiii.'i. 1 Hit* li. all    I  in nr,
in.mill      Sri'itijtu-s -il. uur ui.lr
Phoenix     Mlnera*    Union,    No.   1
W. P. M.    Meets   every Saturday
evening at 7 3b o'clock in  Minns'
bull.     V. Ingram, president, w. a
Pickard, secretary.
fJerman small fry traders feelintr
the pressure brought to liear u|>on
them by the big concern* are putting up most pitiful howls, and railing upon tbe Heichstag to come to
their relief with remedial legislation.
They ask for laws against "unfair
competition," and for the "regulation of closing out sales so us to
provent bogus advertisement*," also
some remedy against the "hardships
caused by sales on. tbe instalment
plan." In other words these little
"cockroaches" support the capitalist
system of swindle and then cry out
against its logical results when they
are the ones to get the worst of It.
If they were the ones to come out
on top it would, of course, be ull
right. The Socialists in tbe Iteich-
Stag, have opposed all measures calculated to bring relief to these suffering commercial hypocrites upon
the grounds that such measures
wound tend to "hinder natural economic tendenciea." This is logical,
if they will insist upon preserving
the system, let them abide by tho
consequences without playing the
"baby act." A "arfuealer" is entitled to no consideration under nnv
circumstances.
Wo, tho Socialist Tarty of Canada,
In convention assembled, atllrm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the International revolutlonnry working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should Justly belong. To
thc owners of the moans of wealth
production belongs tho product ol
labor. The prwicnt economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all thu products of
labor b'long to thc capitalist clasa.
The capitalist is master, the worker
is slave.
So long as tho capitalist* remain
in possession of tho reins of government all tht« powers of tho ntate will
be used to protect ami defend tlieir
proi-eriy right* in tho mean* of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
Tho capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swiillntr stream of
profits, and to thu worker on ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
Thc Interest of the working clans
lies in the direction of setting Itself
free, from capitalist, exploitation by
the (litsolition ol the wnge system. To
accomplish this ne*cw4tates the
transformation of cai>itaJisl property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-* lass
property,
Ibe irrepressible conflict of Interests between the capitalist and the
worker Is rapidly culminating In a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
arl ion.    This is  lhe class -ttrutagle.
Therefore, we cell upon all work**
ers to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
tbe object of compter ing the public
powers for the purpose of milting up
anil enforcing tlie economic program
of  the working clasw, os /ollowsr
1. The transformation aa rapidlv
as possible, of capitalist |«roi»-rty in
tbe mean* of wealth production (natural reeources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into tho collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough n/id democratic organization nnd mannaf-iiM-nt of industry by the workers.
8. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
instead of prodm tion for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall  always  and   everywhere    until
the    present    system    is   abolished, j
make the nnswer to this question ita
guiding  rule  ot  conduct.     Will    this '
legislation  advance  the  Interest*    of [
thc working olaa* and aid tbe work-i
er»  in  their class  atrugglc     against'
capitalism?   If  it  will,   thn S.**inliit
I'arty Is  for  it.   if it  will  not,   the,
aptf Every IjOC»I of the Horlalltt
I'arty of Canada should run a carl
under thi* bead. $1.00 per month
Secretaries pleaae note.
BRITISH <"Ol.l MIHA PROVINCIAL
Kxtvutive ('oiniidttec, Socialist
Tarty of Canada, meet* 2nd ami
4th Tuesday in each month. W 11
Floweis, Secretary, lt. 8., 239
Prior Street.
DOMINION   KXFX'IJTIVE   COMMI1
TEE.   Sodulist    I'arty  of   I'aun.'.n,
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8 o'clock p.m.. in Sullivan Ball,
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I).  I'. MIUjS, Secretary.
Box H.'lft, Vancouver B. C.
LOCAL TOBONTO - Meet* 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays. Temperance Hall
Ba'hurnt  St.     V.   Dale.  Secretary,
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SCBSCIUBKUS TAKE NOTICE.
is  (fo.   .'"'I      B this la
upon your andreaa allp.
iins i-sui
tba number
Socialist Party Is absolutely oppas- lyour aubs- riptioa expiree with   thi*
«'d to it. j number.     If further copies are daatr-
In accordance with this principle; ed. renewal should be mad* at ear*
the Socialist Party pledge* Itself to If care It taken to renew before tbe
conduct all thc public affair* placid expiration of the old subscriptioaa it
in its hands in mich a manner as to will greatly simplify matter* In th *
promote   the interests of the work- ofbee a* well aa avoid any break (a
ing class alone.
In si-cnking of thu threatened strike
of the coal miners, the New York
Sun  observes:
"If a contest comes, as lt now
threatens to do, it will not be a
struggle between capital ami labor.
The one group that is safe in any
case is that which is composed of the
mino-owncrs. It will be an assault
by fine-half of 1 per cent, of the American people on the comfort, the
well-being, the incomes nbd the industry of tho remaining 99| per cent,.'
The extra dollar that goes into the
pocket of the conl miner, if his demand be granted, must cortso out of
tho pockets of the mechanic, the
farmer, the clerk and the storekeeper."
In other words what any one section of the working-class may gain
in this line will be offset try a corresponding roduction in the earnings
of other workers. Tbe avcrafm) wagel
will not have been altered but will
lie hovering around the line of mere
subsistence. When capitalists themselves so clearly see the point, as1
tho "Sun's" remarks indicate, it is
high time tho workingmen began to
adopire tt little wisdom on their own
account.
J, Edward Bird,    A. 0. Brydon-Jack
(Juo.  10.  McCroNHim.
BIRD, 8RYDM JACK i McCROSSAN
BARRISTKKB, 8OLICITOI18, BTC.
Tel. 829. P.O. Box, 932.
324 Hastings St. . . Vancouver, B.O4
APPLICATION FOB MKM-
BKUSIIIP IN THK SOCIALIST  PAUTY    OF CANADA.
hereby   apply   for   memberahlp
1.     THK      UNDKHSIUNED,
In Ij<>cal
 Socialist  Party  of
Canada,
I recognise the elans struggle
between the capitalist clam ami
the working claaa to be a
struKKle for political supremacy, 1. *., pos.seH-il.iii of the
reins of government, and which
iiect-HslhitcH the organisation of
the workers into a political
party distinct from and upturned to all parties of the capitalist china.
If admitted to membership.
I hereby asree to maintain or
enter Into no relation* with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other lesrltl-
mate means the ticket and the
program of the Socialiat Party
of Canada only.
Applicant.
Address...
'Occupation.
Age	
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Chairman.
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QESf IN 1   c f vc*nkv^w
—   s
•manmmmam SATURDAY  fh%. Hi iB«6
THE WESTERN OTA&ION,   VANflOtJVBR.   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Provincial Legislature
(lontinuetl from Page One.)
out  of employ null'•  MohI  of
leading    anwlteia bad already
,.j     voluntarily      to    reduce   the
„ „.  labor and having done that
ivo* a pity  ,0 interfere with them
.—   lie  must,  advise     the
thrown
tll<!
UK1
Im"
ll
nnv   way
to  vote ugiUliht  thu bill.
Brown,  of Oreenwood,  suid  he
I'd  ugainst  the  Hill  lust year
he felt that at that time the
industry  was In such aeon- l
ihat   It  WOttld In- dangerous to
,e  with  it  in uny  wuy.    Since
tilings were much  better.  Some
■meitera had  voluntarily   a<l-
I  un  eight-hour systein,  and   us
■s most  desirallle that the hours
in  all  smeltei-K .should     be
he would support tin
»it-ii'
tin-
|I1V
Ilu"
Mi
bad vol
!„•, mist'
■melting
ilition
11,tell'
tlli-li.
of tlM
opt
,t     V. IIS    I
,,( labor
n,ii.I.-  uniform
m,.iiMire.
Mi    1-raser,   of tlrand   Forks,     who
bad *t*pporwd    tb*    Bill *uKl sraar,
Htid  he   was  |?iii"K   U> oppose it lliin,
because the OranbV peopl* in his iIih-
tricl hud already raUuoid the   hours
i,i labor 88 l*'r Ctnt, and he thought
tbej might be ullowed to go on
without interference.
Pateraon ol the Islnntls, *g|d lie
had always oppoaed iegUlatlon of
Ihi-  Kind     and  aiwu.\s  siiotild.        He
■„ii,.Mii   ibai ii nun should is-   .ii
lowed in wof*   IS hours a day  if h.-
,l  it,  and could muke more u\
If   the   price   of   ,(»|l|»'l    fell,     ami
■•itriit inmr system wa* in oner-.
iitiuii,   "I"-   aiiielt'-rs  uoiiltl    not    paj
I,. run,   and   aouW   have   to  close
-loan aiul the men Would In- out of
...,ik. This was lhe kind of h-iris-
latlon ihut. retarded the growth of
ih,, country by keeping capital out,
,,iiil he for one would oppoM it ev
,i    nme.
Mi I'lirkf-r Williams suid ihat as
■ .lie who took a poreonal Intereal In
live In'ion or this kind, it Mas gratifying   to   find   that   the   ii-emlter    for
Ori-enwood,    «ho    «a-* oppoaed   to
tlnni  last   year,       wa*   imti   on   their
M.i. whatever the .hum. might i*-
ilr ,i,i-i, anyhow, roagratulate bin
for being on the right side for once.
Ilie Premier in discussing ilu*. toea*
min* Bt-emed t<» lax* a verj one aid-
ed view of the Interest* <tf Investor*
in the. country, ami appeared to a*
Mitne that investments xturt-ul into
•it. roM in nveiy weakly way and
hivi * tough atruggle. ...t sudatance,
but aa tbej  K"t older,  they    would
submit  n    rTadlly    in  legialatr**
ni.. i.i. >i tin tin- contrary, the
iit-ise u.i*. tin- fa. t At tin-, stage
nt the cttuie. this House could bscp*-
lat.' leith for the sjsjnettlng iiuluvtrj
ami ul-o for t|i«- mining tiuluntr.-.
with -.tin. ii it wus vorj closet) allied
bui ,ii I, later stags tin-*, would find
themaclvea unal-le to do mi. At one
nme the state of Colorado ton
tri.Ht>*i the mines, but now iiie mines
controlled  Colorawlo.     At  one   time
nlil Paul Kruger was able to rul.
the Itiinil but later lhe lluml became Atrunircr and bmtdM out Kru-
Rt-r uidextinguished two free r.-i-ui.
lirs In the early Mages th--\ miirf"
lon'rol Ihssjsn Industrie*, luit no sooner woulti  theao ladaatrloi start     to
crow thnn they would al*0 sturt t„
ln\ down line-* bv which 'hey eotjjld
lontrol the legislature t's'lf. Todav
ihe Output   of  the mining  Industry in
Ilri1|*-h       I'i.lilllllilli    BUS    llll.Hit      S -Jt»
mm/MMI anniinlli.   ntul   this   was    the
nm.. to control it. for when it  (tot
'o Ik- HOO.flOO.OOO, ns it certainly
would,  man tifter man would be sent
ty   the   II,,use   who   Wiillld   |*e   repres.-;i-
tatiNc |turelv antl simply of the Mt
tni'iiiiu corporation* that |mt him
'bet.' 'lhat condition did nut ex
1*1 i.mI.iv , imi they were looktmt for-
wartl with most cOUpiate conflden'V
to the day when it Would be true,
nnd there was no time when the
House u.iuhi ob batter able to k»i>-
l>ort „ measure-*of this kind than th*
prt'Sent.
Hi'- member'  for  the  Islands    took
a v«r>   original  view of this  matter
but   hWe all   that   .-vntb-mnn's  views
it hus at i-*ast honest.     lie arsrued
tliar   Hi.,   tibortening  "I   the hours    a
man   fforlsad   woulti  hnve   a   te|i«l«*nc\
to destroy his ambition      "For
part,"   snitl   Mr.   Williams,   "I    never
wantei|  to   «et   rich  by   working      12
hours     a   day.        My   ambition    and
that of a itiimi many others hns always  lieen  to  ire I   rich   as  quick      us
possible with the least possible «ruan
tlty of work."   fLaOghtar.)    if   the
honorable   gentleman   takes   n   diiTer
ent view,  all  that   I   ran wny  is  thnt
a man o-m succeed sometimes in fool-
In-l hlmweff.
Mr. Williams conliniK-d that it Was
not So much a tfuestion of n man be
in- permitted t(, work ns Ion- as In
nnd, but ihim/s hnd got Into such
a l-osllinii that he hnd lo work u-
ltuii.' ns his employer liked. Tbe Bill
had Iteen brought in ut the isy-uest
ol tiles*., employees, whose ambit i..|i
Mr. Pateraon thought could Is- Ilm-
Ited by it, to enable them 10 limit
jlio, e-cnetioiiN of their employer*.
The member for the Islands had also
said that the employers of the province were in terror from Uie time
the Ibvn&e sal tin it rose again, it
would lie interesting if he would ape*
1 if.v what legislation passed within
tin- past t,.n years cnuwisl this terror
•o I* felt. If ho could he would Unci
"uit this legislation was the onl>'
creditable legislation that had been
passed arsl it was the kind the mn-
i'U'ity of the people wanted. Nnxl it
"OS tlhe kind tlie Socialists wanted,
too. rn
ihe tiiemlter for the Islnntls, (Mr.
I'literstm), al?., talkedof Ihe growth
nf liopiuat i*ib" having I been rotai-dod
In the last ten yoers in lirltinh tvol-
uiiibia |,y legislation of this Und,
But if he would look at the stalis
J"s he would find that it had doub-
"«l in that time, nnd with the oxcep-
1,1 n of the prairie provinces in no
oilier portion of Canada had such
l-1'ugiv.-w li»-en mad*. Take the revt-
n,i.. reports nnd you would And that
'ii^i'ud of the province suffering nnd
us pi-oiliiition decreasing, the pro-
diction of the average wnrliiingtnan,
both in lumbering, mining, llshin
and atrrictilturo was greater than in
anv othpr pruvince in Cnnado. He
did-not know where hn would go to
Ond figures to substantiate his state
ment  that  progress had been retarded.
Tha Premier had ab.o said that
such legislation might result in driving lhe smelters out of the conn try-
but tho fact wus Ihut 11011)114- und
smelting were closely allied, and
ihrouglioul the province the metalliferous mineral and coal bearing areas were distributed evenly on* after
another. Coal ran lie got. chcapcr
00 this Bid* than on the other, and
we actually find Vm.-ri ans co-minir
over to thih *i<le for coal to smelt
their ores, and yet it is argued that
if this Mill Is passed, ore will I*- takr-
en over to be ■malted in Wadhlmgton
11 olher Word! they meant that
trninloud after trainload of ore
would be taken over und would be
followed |,y traiiilotiid after train-
kuul of coal in order to do the sm.lt,
ing on lhe other side. It was absurd to supiHise thut the cost of this
haulage would not mora than out-
weii h uny difference there might, be
in ihe wages paid on om.- side and
the other. It had been shown ac-ain
and alfani that a ma" could doiiuoi'i-1
work in an sight-hour day than In
twelve. This dreatl of industries bc-
1111' driven over to the States was
paraded for the sake of arousing that,
sort of patriotism which they were
often  uske,|  t(, helievu bad  some, con-
nectlon with capitalism of the country.
lhe iii.-inber for the lsluntls had
alsi, pictured what would hap|s-n if
there should If a drop in the price
,.( copper, und told how the hours
of   lubor     would     either  have   to   be
tungtbsraad or wagn docreaaod.    He
had seen mine* where men were engaged in working in thick pieces of
high-grade ore. and mhers were
tbe] were working on mere slabs of
ore of ih" very pomes! i.ftialil- and
lie luwl never seen an> difference ill
lb* wages paid. ll Could I"' imsi|\
sisti   lii.it    llle   result   ,,f  u   day's   lubor
on u thin spam with scant) copper
ami a thick seam with rich cornier
would i*>- ii'n different, and yet in
Isitii cases 1 h<   wages arena tbaaama,
s.> thai i1 would mil >**.-iii ihut Ilie
am, unt   nf   wealth  produced  hail  very
much to tin with regulating the wages or  the  hours of labor.
\- tbe situation existed nt. pn*s-
i-ni some of the smelters were working eight-hours a day and others
twelve. These two conditions could
nut exist si,!,, hy side Kit her tbe
twelvo-bour smelters would have to
come to an eight-hour system or tbe
'iglit-hour smelter* would sn buck i0
twelve  hours,   and  Ihey   must   choose
between the two.
Ilr. Evans, of Cowicban, movkfd the
adjournment ,,f the debate, ,snd    the
Hill  has  nut   roms  up again  since.
M VHTKH   \M> SKUV.WT  ACT.
Parker    vyilliasns1    Bill    to Compel
Payment of Wages Bear]  Two
Wt-eUs. an<l l'ull  l'aynu*nt
on Diamisaal.
Mr. Williams on moving the stv-
ong r.-iitlirig ol the "Muster and Ser-
\ant Act." snitl the llill dealt with
a ^'ry Important problem. At present   a   man   lasing  employment   with
n Largs company, had to wait   till
the l.'ith of the following monih tn
g. 1 his pay, and then he would fintl
1 hit^ two nt*eks' wag.-s were kept
back. If he had u family '<» sti|v
part the corusetruence of this would
lie ihnt he would have to run an account with the storeki-e-ier. OttOS
be Started doing thin he fount! it
very difficult to get out of the system ever afterwards, and this    was
Ihe reason whv the men throughout
the province today were owing us
mui h to the st,,rek--.-]ier as their employers w.-re owing them. If the
pajmsml was mad* semimonthly it
would reduce this standing account
by at least tine half, and the result
would is' an infinite improvement in
many respects to the workinltman
himself. When payday »ns sc> far
oil he was likely to forget that tfaercj
was ever going to come a imy-doy
at the store, antl the tendency was
to  largely   overdraw   his  account.    It
wie id also in* better for the merchant, Ihs'husc. if under the present
System the workman liked to skip
out and leave his tk-bts unpaid, he
could   ih'fraud     the     merchant    of    a
large amount, but if account*    had
to he IMiicl every two weeks the risks
would not  be ncarlj  s(, great.
The *eCOnd part of the llill Was to
give the workingman some i>ower to
recover his wage* when ho was suddenly dismissed. At present when
an employer discharged a miui ho
gave him no money, but simply a
Statement Of what was owing, and
this could not be properly cashed
dill the next pay-tiny. Oonsarjuanth
ho hnd to dispose of bis time chm-ne
as liest he could. About the oil)
people who dealt in those papers
were hotel k*v|iors who cashed them
ut 11 great discount, BO that the
workmen had to go to the hotel
and place himself under obligations
to the hotel keeper herOr* he could
gel his money. There was nt present n statute to prevent the payment      of     wages     in   hotels:   but   the
only way to enforce it was by stopping the issuance of these time
chorpics, ami compel an employer in
dismissing a man to imy him in full.
There was no intention of Interfering with any private Contract between employer and employee. If
the Hill was not perfect, it could be
atiiendt>d in committee so that no ©bit
itstion could lie taken to it. If a
man was discharged it wns certainly only right that, he should lie paid
in such •> manner that, lie should not
I*.1 thrown on the mercy of the hotel-
keepers.    (App|aus».)
Mr- Bowser, 1 Vancouver), launched
Into n long anil vigorous attack on
tho llill which tho member for Newcastle seemed to have designed to
protect the poor workingman from
the hotel-fceopers us if he could not
look ufter himself. H* soemed to
forgot that there was already n law
that if a man wore dismissed and
his employer refused to pn.v him ho
could apply to a .Ttistlca of tho
pSaCOi  nml got  an order for the cash
payment of hiH wages In full, He
oons-idcrcd this llill was on a par
with Mr. Williams' amendment to
the Small Debts 'Act to do away
with  gnriiislitvlng,   since u  garnishee
could not be taken out for such a
short time and a man could get his
money and go and H|iend it without
paying his debts. There was no demand among the wo loingmen of his
constituency for such  a measure.
Mr. Williams—How do you know;
you don't live among the worklnv-
men. Vou live in the aristocratic
part, of the town.
Mr. liowser said he could not live
in every part of the twon at once,
but he knew there was no demand
for such measure. It proposed to
fine a man $60 unless he paid his
employees every two weeks, and according lo that a Company like the
C.P.R., with a train crew somewhere out on the road would have
to send along the cbeoues no matter
wh<T<- they were or (be fined. It would
mean extra-book-keeping antl the pay-.
ment of more clerks und accountants
When a man entered into the employment of another, he knew what
the terms of payment wore and if he
did not like them hi? ne. d not work
thero.
Mr. Davidson said the third mem-
Inn- for Vancouver said there was no
tk*iiiand for such a law, but the constituents of the member for Fernie
had gone further thun this, and had
asked him to Support a measure in
favor of a weekly pay-roll.
Mr. Hoss corrected that by saying that some of his constituents
hatl asked for that, but others had
nsk«-d him to vote against, such a
men sure.
Mr.  Williams—Yes; ibe Crow's Nest
t'oni Company.
Mi. l)u-.idsoii continued thut the
thinl meiii'l-«-r for Vancouver hud said]
that a man dismissed from employment  could go before a .forties    of
tlie pence antl demand his wages
What workitigmnn wanted to take
BUCb n course „s that? If this could
l>e done, how was it thai there wire
men idle in the province today, to
whom thousand* of dollars won- dbs
fi ui,1 their employer, but tho Justice
of tbe Peace did nut seem io help
them out any He knew that this
was the case in tin' interior, but if
the   men   w.-re   paid   every   two   week*
there would i><- no danger of this
kind of thing.
IL- also BpOke of employer and employee entering into a mutual contra, t There could be no comparison between such - ases. If there
was any contract at all ths wprkinw-J
mun hail no sav in it. as it. wns
mine   wholly   in   lhe   interests   of   the
employer and the worldiigmaa was
Compelled to accept it or starve. lie
con ddered that the Hill as it stood
was    a    gootl    one,  but  any defects
tha' il might contain could be overcome  by  amendments.
Mr. Houston moved the adjournment of ihe debate.
THE  NEW   LABOR PARTY.
Lady   Warwick   on  Its
Power.
Aims and
Very few politicians have toured
Ixindon and the country more vigorously lately than the Countess of
Warwick. It is her first experience
of active open participation in a
general election, and hex impression*
of the whole business, which she was
good enough to give to a representative of the "Daily Mail" yesterday,
are therefore interesting.
"What has amazed me," said lady-
Warwick, "is the weight of this labor vt>to in the face of so many difficulties, lack of money, defectiw organization, the popular love of the
two-party system, and the manifest
fear of Socialism which I see everywhere among all  politicians.
''Everything seems to have come
into the open now. I see a growing recognition all round of pure
class antagonism; and an anxiety on
the Liberal side to prevent consolidation of the Ijabor Party by
'»|Uariog' I>abor men who are supposed to be influential.
"Hut how hopeless it is! Sec the
enormous increase in the purely Socialist vote, moderate and extreme,
given to men like Thorne, Roberts,
pnowden, Williams, Gribble, Quelcb
and Hyndmati' And these men are
not. only utterly indifferent to the
opinions of ihr. Press, or 'o Party
leaders, or to any personages witb
loaves and fishes to give away, but
an. going to Consolidate themselves
at once into an absolutely independent party, voting a*'they please
from the first day of Parliament;
ami all know ing, moreover, what
they   wont.
"Two points, for instance, I know
the party is united on—the State-
f.*eoing and State.maintenance of
rhil iren, and secular and greatly im-
proved education. Well, we are going to get those, and I am rather ess
!»-•<-i illy pleased, because I began my
political life some years ago by
s|*oi king everywhere in favor of them.
These aro in nearly all the I-abor
candidates' programmes, and we
rne»n to have our way.
"I have boon surprised everywhere
at the effect of the Chinese slavery
erv as compared with more Fiscal-
ism and Free Trade; I mean, of
course, outside the Lancashire constituencies. That, you see, is another  purely  social  cry."
One of the filthiest by-products of
capitalism's political sewage, ia
known as Bcbmitz' Union Labor. Party, of San Francisco. It has been
successful in securing complete control of the city administration all the
Inst three Municipal elections, and
now proposes to branch out a* a
State Tarty in the coming cajtmpaign.
A movement is already on foot to
stampede the Socialist Party Into
its filthy embrace. One of the tool*
l«-ing used for this purpose is the no-«
torious .lob Harriman, who in now
carrying on a button-hoteing campaign in the southern part of the
state. Those familiar with the previous record of this contempt.ilile cur
will be surprised at nothing he may
do in this line. The reputation he
already has, is of the kind tbat
would prove a stench in the nostrils
of a sewer rat.
 o—————
Socialism or no Socialism, ii you
think the present rotten basis ls going to support the structure of society much longer, we think you are
mistaken. As rapidly as events can
do it, Capitalism is proving its incapacity to administer society's resource*. It is crumbling from the
inherent rottenness within, rather
than from attacks without. Olve it
a push; its dissolution heralds your
social  salvation.
Is
rNIVKHSlTV  IITLL.
Han ihorbthwaite's     Amendment
Again Defeated.
One of the most hotly contested
Hills of the session since it entered
committee, was a Bill for the Incorporation    of    the Royal Institution
for   ibe  advancement   of  learning     in
llri'isb   Columbia.    The  Bill,    as    is 1
well  known is for  the tmirjsise of en- i
abbng  Mctrill   College of  Montreal to
start   a   branch     of   their   institution!
in   Vancouver.       The  chief  objection 1
has i*e«*n right  ulong to Section 8 of I,
thc llill,     giving    McOill   I'niversity
power  to  take over the  High  School
education of tbe province ut any par-
tici lnr    place    by  arrangement   with
tho  School  trustees.     Mr.  Hawthornthwaite  and  others have  consistently held that this would confer on McOill  a  privilege enjoyed  by no other
institution  of  a   similinr  kind.      To
obviate any danger of that, he proposed  in  committee    that  a    section
sho ild be added  which would read:
"This Bill shall not be held to
confer on McOill University any special powers and privileges not enjoyed by any other university.
The motion was defeated in committee, but when the Hill came up
for report on Thursday last, in introducing it. he said he thought it
very desirable that the amendment
should Is' inserted, as the iiloa was
gaining ground thut it was the intern ion to hand over to McOill the
High School education of the province. It would Ik' a rrro-at disadvantage if a mi-stake wore made
that woulti injure the system of education in tho province. It was
such measures as those that had
hel[ oil to turn down the Conservative party in the old country, and
he hoped that when this Government
came to grief it would not be
through such a cause. The member
ntroduclng the Hill—
tteil
•   of
Qducation who Introduced the Bill.
Mr Hawthornthwaite said th.-iinis-
tak ■ was natural, ns the member for
Richmond had taken such a fatherly
intM-t'st in it. defending it from the
firs'.    However,   ho,   (Mr.   llawthorn-
ihv.aitoi hnti nvoiv.-d from the Vancouver Trades ami Labor Council   a
strongly worded protest against ihe
Hill, and ho had come to the same
conclusion as thoy tbat it was the
intention to destroy tbe higher education of tho province. Tho member
tor Richmond said lho Hill gave no
special privileges, ami if so. they
could  not   object   to   the amendment.
Hon. Mr. Fulton, Minister of Education, said ho could not accept the
amendmenti ns ho considered Itl^ilte
unnecessary ns it was evident to anyone that the bill conferred no sjv--
cial  privilege.
.lohn Oliver, of Doll-a. proposed a
similar resolution which was also
defeated, nml still aothar amendment coming up. Hon. Onrtor-Cot-
tcin  moved the previous question.
On a count being taken tho motion was found to Ire defeated by
one vote. This was subsoopentlv
found to have been a miscount, tho
vote lioinir really even. However,
tho discussion wont on that evening
till six o'clock; but the following
day the Hill was allowed to pass
report without further (vmosition.
nnd is now ready for third rcadine.
It is sure, to become law as it stands
The   late    Postmaster - General of
I-'.ncland, Lord Stanley, who called
the employees of the Post Office
''black-mailers and blood-suckers,"
whin they asked for an increase of
wages, was defeated by W. L. Wilson, lakjbr candidate, with 3,000 majority.
Ill
Hun.    Mr.    Carter-Cot I on   —   1
your pardon,  it   was  the  Mrniste
"There is unholy Scheming for po-
ritlin where the larger salary is thc
chii f reason  for  sjich  scheming."
"'Those only on the inside get the
roveted places,''
"Some off us who do not seek
place  trot  almost   no  place."
"T'nless I am in error, some of
those in high place and in rreateat
authority set the wrong example.
teaching the young men that success
comes b.v  wire pulling.
"Most of the leaders are s.himinc
antl selfish, and we can only rise in
the  same  way."
"I venture that able mon. not a
few. have given moro thought this
year to leadership than to -*aving
souls."
"Our conferences have become a*
bad ns political conventions for
wire ptillintr."
"Seventy-five per cent, are lookin-*
for better places regardless of fitness."
Tho above quotations arc not from
cantankerous reformers pessimistically criticizing the condition of affairs existing in the every-day commercial world. They are »he expressions of Methodist preachers, relating to the conditions surrouniing
them in the pursuit of their 1 hi ser.
tratie. craft, calling, occupation or
profession. Strange that condit'ens
existing in the traffic in spiritual
things should have such a grossly
material taint as indicated lv lhe
declarations of these Methodist parsons.
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THE WESTERN   OLA&tON,  VAKOOtJVEtt,   BRITISH COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY  FEB. SH, i&oa
l"!-8i
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I NEWS AND VIEWS!
A8 GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   |
,—,—i ____—_ ^
Edited by R. P. PIMTIPIECE, to whom all correspondence for this de partmont should be addressed.
-71 AMONG  THE   WORKERS.
SPECIAL
Victoria, B. C. Feb. 22-06.!
4:54 P.m.
Western Clarion,
Vancouver, B. C.
Hawthorathwaite's Election
Deposit Bill passed committee today by a vote of 22 to 12
Bowser's amendment to
make deposit $100 was accepted.
Eight-hour bill tor smelters
was defeated on second reading 19 to 17.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite stated
Ull would have passed il Maedonald had not arranged settlement with smelter owners.
All members of Government
except Wilson voted against.
Received an interesting letter from
Com. J, C. Hohle, tourist printer,
dated, Washington, D.C., this week.
Will give some excerpts from it next
issue.
"I believe the Clarion is more liberally .quoted than any other of the
Socialist Press."—A Itosslund Comrade.
Com. Cameron's correspondence,
from Tenino, Wash., in this issue is
of special interest to sociologists mid1
should be interesting to Clarion
readers.
Clarion readers throughout Cena-
da are always glad to hear from
Com. Thompson, of Toronto. And
his contribution in this issue will be
no exception.
Are you reading over carefully the
reports of the B. C. Legislature now
Sitting? What do you think of your
representatives Hawthornthwaite ondj
Williams? Don't they go at their
work like old parliamentary hands,
minus only, the old shop-worn legislative ideas? Do they ever shirk;
•re they ever silent when they should
apeak? Don't they find something
in the most neutral measures that
might be turned to the advantage
of the working class? Are they not
doing, or trying to do, more to benefit you than the whole i bunch outside
ot them? Wotdd it not profit you
and strengthen them to have, say
bait a dozen Colleagues of thc same
political stripe? Get ready then,
for the time of election often comes
in a day and hour that ye think not.,
The "Daily Province" of the 9th.
inst. dealing with the McGill Bill,
remarked that "it was impossible to
prognosticate how Mr. Hawthornthwaite would vote," and further
implying that his attitude was erratic in general. Applied to many
others in the house, this remark
would, in this case, have carried
point, so many being colorless or
faintly shaded, in a religious and
educational sense. It might be well
to quote here for the benefit of the
"Province," and others, the guiding law for our Socialist legislators,
"Will this measure help the working-
class in their struggle against capitalism, etc., etc., as per platform in
this issue. "Province" should read
this carefully, and get some clue to
the springs of actions of these two
rebels.
In a general way we find little difficulty in forecasting the vote of legislators or the attitude of journals
on a well defined question. For example; given the name of the Rail,
.rood Corporation owning it, it becomes easy to anticipate the paper
policy of anything in this Province.
At a recent election in Vigo, a
large city in Spain, the Socialist
vote was reduced from 26,000 to
14,500, by the following tactics of
the trading and employing classes :
Voters known to be Socialists were
harrassed by the police in every conceivable way; ballot papers were
ti rn from their hands at,the polling
places; employers refused the necessary time to enable their employees
to vote, dismissing those who persisted. The trading and all classes
a'mve them combined to minimize
the effect of the Socialist vote. That
so many Socialist votes were polled
under these circumstances is significant and the moral effect greater,
perhaps, than an increased vote un-
d r fair conditions.
Mr. Harry Sifobje, the energetic agent of the Western Clarion, met
with a rather cavalier treatment
from a customs officer in Victoria
one day lost week. Mr. Sibble had
just come iu by boat from the United States, and an attempting to
land, was met by a local official,
who asked him a string of i|ues-
tions, and wished to debar him from
putting his foot on thc- free soil of
Canada till he was assured that he
was a British subject, ln spite of
Mr. Sibble's assurance that he was
a duly qualified voter of the City of
Vancouver, the Government official
detained him for fully half an hour,
and Mr. Sibble was just threatening
that he would go back on the boat
and let someone else pay the expenses of his double trip, when the
officer relented and allowed him to
pass.
Within the last year Mr. Sibble
has been passing to and fro between
Canada and the United States, nnd
he says that he has never had the
slightest trouble with Uncle Sam's
servants in landing, and it seems to
him somewhat strange that he
should be flouted in his own country in this manner. Even if he is a
Socialist, he considers that he
should have a free man's rights.
I enclose a few clippings re Debs'
meetings. Have been too busy to
write any reports. We had about
700 present Feb. 1, at 25 cents each,
and about 800 on Fob. 4, at silver
collection. The I.W.W. (former S.L.
I'.'s) tried to "butt in" but didn't
tret a show.
Debs spoke solely of political revolution and did us a great deal of
-ood. Several new members comine
in. Meetings at Hamilton, Guelph,
Mt. Forest, Berlin, Lindsay, Woodstock and St, Thomas, also very
successful.
O'Brien spoke at Montreal Bloody
Sunday.
Our next move will be to turn
O'Brien loose in Ontario for 30 or
60 days.     Yours in haste,
WESTON  WRIGLEV.
TORONTO TOPICS.
|     CLARION  QUESTION  BOX.      |
O o
lt. R., Nanaimo.—Your paper has
been regularly mailed ih Nanaimo
bundle beginning with No. 057, also
that of Harry Chadwick. Nj Mrs,
Chadwick on the list.
It. A. Teit, Spence's Bridge. Hooks
received. Thanks for same. The event- referred to will probavly not occur i until next year. As to registration of voters, matter can be at-
tended to through Provincial Executive Committee.
A. Iang, S. F.—Book received O.K
—    •   ■ ■ ■   o	
Editor Western Clarion:
Bear Sir,—In accordance with in-
ni ructions from the Executive of our
Party, I bog to acknowledge thrqUtjh
tb" medium of your paper the re-
c-lpt of the following railway and
■Olhor passes; C.P.R. Co., the B. C.
Electric Railway Co., E. & N. Ry.,
C'i , and the B.C. Telephone Co.
I   propose    to take due advantage
of these favors.
Yours fraternally,
.1.   H.   HAWTHORNTHWAITE,
M.L.A.
Disgruntled Tories—The Wail of the
Office-Seeker—Soft Jobs for Upper Class Parasites—The Proletarian Partizan gets Left — Employers' Association wants Chep
Civic Labor.
Toronto, Feb. 13.—The political
|tot is beginning to boil vigorously
in Provincial affairs. For some time
there has been considerable dissatisfaction among faithful Tories over
the distribution, or rather the non-
distribution of the spoils of office.
For a third of a century the party
workers have been kept in line by
the hope of sharing the plunder as
soon as the Grit citadel in Queens
Park should be captured. One election after another passed and the co'
horts of Gritism still held the fort
and tbe forlorn hope waxed leaner
nnd hungrier. Finally when success
i crowned their efforts and the prizes
seemed within their grasp, followed
the keenest and cruellest disappointment of all. The new dispensation
came in, Whitney and thc leaders got
the big offices, but alas! there was
nothing for the boys—for the rank
and file, the common fellows who do
the shouting and the hustling and
the jollying and the bribing, while
the leaders are posing on platforms
and making deals with corporations
and contractors. The wicked and
corrupt Grit office holders who had
worked on the sly and "coughed up"
percentages of their salaries to the
rampaign fund were left unmolested—'
nay, many of their salaries were actually raised while strenuous Tory
heelers were kicking their heels in the
rorriodors and not so much as a
8600 clerkship coming their wav.
No wonder that dissaflection rages
in thc Tory camp and that tho rank
and file sullenly ask what was the
use of throwing Ross out anyway.
Nesbit Attains Political Nirvana
A couple of recent appointments
have added fuel to the flame. Dr.
Beat tie Nesbit, the Tory boss of Toronto, member for North Toronto,
and regarded as a sort of political
dictator, has secured a $6,000 regis-
trarShip for himself and withdrawn
from politics amid a chorus of objurgations from his erstwhile followers, who looked to him to see that
they got their share of lho plunder.
Office or fat pickings of some sort
being the chief end of politics, what
is more natural? Yet to judge.from
the'vast amount of twaddle indulged
in by the press over a very ordinary
incident it might be supposed   that
those editorial hypocrites really believed that men went into politics
from patriot it- motives or for their
health instead of to make a living.
Beattie Nesbit, whatever may be
| said of nts methods compares very
fuvoraUy with the ordinary run-of-
inine politician Inasmuch as he is no
hypocrite. He is frankly out for the
stuff without any prebencoa and having got the chance of a life-timo he
naturally grabbed it as any of his
critics would have done. But mam
of his followers, strange to say, appear unable to enjoy prosperity by
proxy antl seem to think thut Nesbit ought, to have sacrificed himself
to the patriotic duty of seeing them
well provided for. And to think
that it is poor unsophistital dupes of,
this sort who pride themselves upon
being "practical politicians" and call
Socialists "visionaries" and "Utopians" because we don't allow ourselves to lie fooled by leaders ot the
Whitney and Nesbit type.
The Proletariat Worker Gets no
Office.
Another fat job, that of Deputy
Minister of Education has gone to
Mr. Colquhoun, who, sail to relate,
isn't even a Tory, but an "Independent Journalist" who never did anything for the party. And still thc
"hungry sheep look up and are not
fed" antl there is weeping and wailing in the camp for the offices which
come not to the war-worn nnd weary veterans of a M years' journey in
the wilderness, It begins to occur
to some of the more rebellious spirits, that all this time they have
been guilty of the folly which the.v
are wont to attribute to Socialists
and impracticable people of thut
sort—thev have "thrown away their
votes" and not only their votes, but
their time and influence and in some
cases their money. Poor fellows I
They have sold themselves for nothing. No wonder the.v feel sore and
cheap and swear that never, never
again, etc., etc. All thc same they
will listen to the voice of the next
spell-binder of the privileged class,
and turn in nnd hustle for thc old
party just as hard as ever when election day comes round. And the
bi- bugs and scions of tlie plutocracy will tret whatever offices are coins; while the poor devils do the dirty work tor a handshake and a bad
cigar.
Capitalism Upholds the Iron Law.
No better illustration of the brutal and devilish spirit of capitalism
has been afforded for some time than
the action of the Employers' Association in opposing a proposition
brought before the civic board of
control to fix the minimum wages of
city laborers at *2 per day- The
reason assigned for the increase, is
the enormous increase in the price of
living in Toronto, more particularly
in rents. New Secretary Merrick of
the Employers' Association in opj-os*,
ing the proposal exposes in all its
cynical cold bloodedness the true inwardness of the system by arguing
that the question of whether a married man can support his family on
less than $2 per day has nothing to
do with the matter. Men should be
peid in wages "what their services
are worth, without regard as to win*
ther you happen to be married or
single, sick or well, extravagant or
economical." Of course, when Secretary Merrick speaks of paying Krfaat
a man's services are worth he does
not mean what they are worth in
value created by his labor, but the
lowest figure down to which they can
lie brought by remorseless competition. There is, of course, nothing
specially new or noteworthy in the
fact tbat this standard of wages—
the least amount at which it. is pos-
siMe to find anybody to do the work
is the ideal of capitalism. But it
is not often that the doctrine io so
plainly avowed in all its hideous inhumanity, especially by men who, at
the same time are begging for public favors and asking for legislation
to set aside the law of supply and
demand in their interest. Yet, in
face of this_declaration that the city
should engage the cheapest possible
labor we shall have thc hirelings and
henchmen of this greedy crew shortly standing up in Parliament and
asking for more protection on the
dying pretext that it will "enable
the employer to pay higher wages."
In the meantime Just watch how the
board of control—all of them election-day "friends of labor"—will
ifuietly but effectively snow under a
proposition which was never meant
to accomplish anything but to throw
tlust in the eyes of the wage-slaves.
Secretary Merrick and the Employers' Association are putting themselves to unnecessary trouble. The
Board of Control and the rest of thu
salary-wa-fbing, grafting outfit at
the City Hall can always lie trusted
to do the work of their capitalist
master and turn down such measures'
of their own accord after they have
served their purpose of making a little capital for their introducers.
They will be particularly careful to
anticipate the behests of capitalism
just at present, for they are lust
getting ready for another big salary
grab and must do something to conciliate the tax-payer. As for the
workingman, he always votes as he
is told to by the ward heeler anyway. So, what's the use botherinir
with him?
PHILLIPS THOMPSON.
TENINO,   WASH.
Comrade Geo. Dales, late of Winnipeg, Man., will be the speaker of
the evening at the regular weekly
propaganda meeting in SulliWan Hail
Cordova St., on Sunday evening,
Feb. 26th.    All are invited.
Editor News and Views:
A night or two ago a few of us
wage-workers were seated around the
stove of, the sitting room of our
boarding house enjoying tho genial
Warmth its fire emitted. Its genial
warmth in contrast with the touch
of frost outside engendered within us
a conversational sj-irit. As a general thing the subjects for conversation amongst the boarders are common-place; occasionally, however, interest, is added by discussing labor
matters and hard economic facts, but
on this occasion, thanks to the presence of an able exponent of Bugle
Tax and our Political Socialist
friend, tho trend of the discussion
was somewhat philosophical in its
nature and extremely interesting.
In the Course of his remarks, the
Single Taxer criticised the position
of the Socialist and alil.v pointed outj
that the inaugural lorn ot the "Co-operative Commonwealth" would destroy both initiative and individuality.
Tha Introduction into the discussion of individuality caused thc I'.
S. to launch forth into a discourse
on environment and it* effect on thc
Individual, which should have been
henrd to be appreciated. Doing away
liiick to iniuiitiiuie matter itself he
carried us with him all through the
dilTerent ex|iressions of nature of
which wo have any absolute knowledge. He claimed that the first animate life on this planet was Isit the
result of natural forces on what is
known as inanimate matter. Tho environment produced by sun; atmosphere, etc., on inanimate matter wtts
responsible for the birth of what is
known as the "vegetable kingdom."
ln tho vegetable kingdom the different members were but the expression
of thoir environment. To me. ft remarkable statement he made, was
"that consciousness was developed
in the tree ttr Sower ami differed wuh|
in degree to that of the lower animals ami itiiiti himself, nis explanation was "consciousness consists in
the power of man's senses to lake
cognisance of external Influences or
funis; the senses of the tree or flower may differ from that of man. but
the-, lake cognizance Of the nun's
li.*ht. heat, cold and touch, at least,:
hence thiir action in responding to
theso different influences or forces
demonstrate consciousness on their
part.'' Coming to the lower aui-
niiil world, he pointed out very tU-ur4
ly the effect of environment on each
Species and different members of the
sain.- Bpocfej how the savage nature
of the lion was duo to his environment; the way he was compelled to
make q living—just as the gentle nature of the domesticated cat was due
to hers. "Man himself," hc declared
"was but a part of nature and exactly tho result of his environment"
The inherent posiebilities of the present generation is but the effect of
all preceding generations, and the inherent possibilities of the present gen.
erntion will be developed in conformity wilb iis environment just as
al! preceding generations have been.
So with thc individual: his individuality is only the effect of environment on his inherent possibilities.
lie is but the expression of environment, since his inherent possibilities
are but the effect of environment on
his progenitors.
Individuality has been differently
expressed in different stages of the
development of human society. The
Individuality of a cannibal is very
different from the individuality of a
Rockefeller; yet, each is but the expression of his environment.
Man understands the effect of environment on cereals, vegetables,
flowers, etc. Cultivated wheat is
very different from wheat in its wild
state; th*» rose under the thoughtful
care of the gardener «levelo|«s to wonderful perfection in striking contrast
to that of the wild rose—the results
of changed environment.
Man understands also the effect of
environment on domesticated animals, fowls and other "live stock,"
ami yet the vast majority of people
seem to be utterly oblivious to the
effect   of environment  on  themselves.
From the point of view of environment and individuality, he made rtn
earnest plea for "men to give themselves the same consideration that
was given to flowers and domesticated animals. In order to develop the
finest flowers and finest animals, the
environment must be the best, so
with thc human race; in order to develop a higher race of beings the environment alone must be considered."
'Ilio result of tho discussion I
think, will l-o productive of good.
Our S. T. friend has since admitted
to me thnt "his idea of indivitluul-
Itv has lieen badly shaken up." and
although he still believes the Single
Tax proposition to lie correct, yet
the result of the discussion has been
to strengthen the Socialist position
t'l-eatly in his estimation. I take it
from his confession that he has been
convinced by the P. S., that the destruction of individuality by tho inauguration of the Co-operative Commonwealth would only mean the
birth of a new and higher individuality, just as the individuality of
our savage ancestors was destroyed
to give birth to a newer and higher
in each succeeding age. For, since
the means employed to obtain a
livelihood determines what our environment will be, therefore, by
chunging tho means employed of obtaining rt living, the environment itself is changed.
Tho foregoing may seem somewhat
sentimental, but I nemi it with the
hope that Clarion readers mny rive
the subject of environment and indi-
viduaMy some measure of thought,
as it is a subject wry often touched
upon by critics of Socialism. One
hears reppatodly such remarks as :
"You've got to change human nature before you can change things;
vou'vo got to change the imlividuai
before you can have Socialism, etc."
With fresh hope for the speedy inauguration of the Do-operative Com-t
monwealth. and its resultant higher
individuality, I am,  yours sincerely,
DOUGLAS CAMERON.
Feb. loth, 1006.
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
We have two cases (lOO pounds) of Brevier Type, tStpoint, almost new, cost 52
els a pound a year agoi will sell at
25cts a lb.    Following is a sample of the Typet
Hartford, Conn., Jan. lo.—A certificate
of incorporation ol thp Uaxsca & Pacific
Railway Company of Hertford, has been
filed with thr secretary of state. Tbe
iiuthori't'tl capital stuck of thr company
is 4140,000 000. Tbif-ie figures exceed
those of any other dump-toy which has
filed such a certificate with the secretary
WRITE
Western Clarion,
Box 836.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
"What   kind    of a report do   you
think thu Kaien Island Commission
will bring in'.'" asked ,, Sandon miner of Mr. Davidson t member for Hlocum,  in Victoria a few days airo.
"Oh, I think their finding will Initial the Conservatives lost a splendid opportunity for graft," was tlie
knowing reply,
During the rental Valencia Injoftilry,
much inilignution was expressed by
some because certain iiiembers of the
cn-w took possession of the life-rafts
rather than placing |*ih-wTigers oo
them. Why ex|«-ct this action on
the water'' Is it not a part of our
every-day life on land? Bueeeai for
me,    to h 1  with  the others.
The Daily Province laments that
th'-re is no telling whnt position ■!
II. Ilawtrtr-riithwaite. M p. IV will
Inks' on public questions. Thc men
who elected him. and the worklng-
. lass |>arty he represents seem to Is-
satisfied. And whatever doirbt there
may lie of Com. Hawthornthwaite's
"next move," there can be none as
to which side The Daily Province
will Ik- on when its wet-nurse, the
C.l'.lt., says the word. Uke Com-
itwle llawthornthwaite, its editor
roJnai  the interest   il  represent*.
Somehow or other every organization of workers in this province pre-
w-nt their "petitions." etc.. to the
mciiil-t-rs in thi' House at Victoria
through the So<-iti!i'». I'arty rapra-
sentatives— Coins. Hawthornthwaite
and Williams. Thi' wage-slaves are
U-ifinnin--' to see whose interests the
Socialist  Party  stands  for.
VANCOUVER I.oCAl.. NO. 1.
The regular weekly business ii»*et-
ing wus held at the hendtrUarter* on
Moii.ia\ evening, Feb. IW, Comrade
Leah in  the chair.
The minutes of the previous meeting were approved, and a warrant
t>f sJ'J.."." drawn on account of rent.
Reports of committors   Were taken up
The Ways and Means Committee
rt*|iorted some outstanding amounts
to still it*, collected, and proudee ■
final report nt the next meeting. All
Comrades who have yet to make returns should do so immediately.
The Programme CoimiTlttee re|»ort-
tsl having held a meeting last Sunday evening in Sullivan Hall, and
have again engOKvd it for next Sunday evening. Comrade Wilkinson being   iipisiintiil   chairman   for   same.
After the transaction of some oth-
it little business, the Bantu ml re-
itort was received! whiih showed receipts for the week as follows:
Collection at Hull   18.00
Literature sales  70
Dues       a.fiO
Total   ;    16.30
I).  P.  MILLS, Bee.
"■" o
WAGE-LABOR
AND CAPITAL
IIY KAIH. MARX.
Mingle copies, ;'. cents; 6
copies, 25 cent*; ir, copies, RO
cents; 40 copies, fl.OO; 100
copies and over, 2 cents per
copy.
These rates Include postage
to any part of Canada or the
United Kingdom.
"The Western Clarion'»
This is Our
Proposition
without reservation of any bind
Tile choice of hundreds of men's su-
perbly tailored and faultlessly loii
loiied fi:> to $-'<> Suits for
$10.00
Full and complete lines in almost
every style — guruw-nts thai were
itiii'le to sell at almost twice the
prices now ask.,| for them srn h»-r«
in a profusion of st.vles and fabrics,
Never t-.fi.ri' was our claim, 'H>
giv,. most for your luons-y," nuclear*
lv  demons I rated.
KILROY, MORGAN CO., Ltd.
• W  wflsTNVI MTV**
JBURNS&CO.
HAROWARE art
| Second Hand Dealer
Cook    Stoves    and    Tools    a  \',
tptttaikf. \
We buy and sell all   kinds of  f
scrap   metal,     old    machinery,
rubber,  sacks,   bottles,  etc,
Htores-lJW Cordova St.. B..
hardware A junk. 101 Powell
St., new and setond-hand furniture.
•hMt 1l7t VNCMVtr, I. I.  |
8. T. WALLACE'S
CASH GROCERY STORE
We also carry a full line of Furniture, on easy payments, at prices
that cannot be duplicated. Kindly
Inspect our stock.
Cat WtitalMtar to Ml Harrli Strut
VANCOUVER. B. O.
c. peters aa-p
ILndMaile Boots sad Sh.-rs lo order la
• II Mi Irs    He-xiriiie iireinpitr end nelly dour.     Mo. k   ol *U*ile   re.dy-Bt.de
Shoes ults.ys «n haisd-
S4M Vtstaiatttr Ave.
LEE a MORGAN
Telephone 22»1.
Sanitary Experts.   Plumbing In   all
Its branches.       Estimates furnished.
IUtpalrs, stove connections, etc.
CHARGES REASONABLE
911 VEITMIRSTCR AVE., Career * Plttr.
BRIDSON'S BAKERY
Ptwtll llrtet, eater Cm
TRY OUR BREAD,  CAKES,  ETC.
HER LADYSHIP'S KITCHEN
The Kitchen ls the housewife's pride. She demands that it lie
up-to-date. This means that it must be ut-uippud with Qas and
Oas appliances.
Kitchen drudgery Is chantr<-d to pleasurable work if Oas Fuel
is available Instead of coal or wood.
Tho time saved by the use of gas, enables the housewife to
have some recreation. The lighter meals can be prepared IN
LESS  THAN   15 MINUTFjS   by the gas method.
Call ami make enrniiries or drop us a card and our representative will call at your residence.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
aammmssmmamamsmma *■■■■■■■ osnsnsnsMeeijswns— ■ . . ■ mmaaaammaymmmmmm
m^ranarayim)

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