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The Western Clarion Oct 6, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class
mm i.   393,
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, October 6, 1
Showing how aaa* wfcf Ikt Aitocrat tl
ill tht OuiMiriait Caau la locatt
Ladyssilta li Saaatj, taltlrily as*
Convenliict. "Tee Klag caa le ae
WroBg" saa ••»• Nblkat, firecer aa*
jack-la-Ofl       ill U»il Triitty.
In my last > r • I dealt with Lady-
niith's late! i % ak in politics, the
„ni  meet inl g ^  the two parlies
lout Ptychtit|lcil Rtflictlon Sag
fatted by Sear* Recest Aatlcs of
Seat Wtrlhy Cltlztti; tr a
Cereaarlsaa Betweea Hoieil OM
•araarlM iMl tht Shtffy New.
h Valgar aaf Tawdry thaw.
In that brunch of thc primates
termed "homo" or man by zoologists,  there exists  in the minium  of
Inch in tlie'>S"-: t-rness t<i "dispose of • fu" grown specimen, from 5(» to OO
Parker Willil'^r ilicae Liberals ami | «uma*« of grey matter, or brain,
Totici ixlibl k ci the workmen ..(| acknowledged, by learned men, to be
,,,. nrovince t iiy »pring of »h*i*' \zS* w;nt of ,nil"' or u",l,'rsttintl',18-
, tical actio » be Kraft and class \Tte vartatlOB. in weight, betwaan
r .'.-If-intern 5 nctdenta'ly a few j"a •,'**«'Ht ****** «'"i so-callad civi-
^^™ af .,- ^p,^ |hc coni-|,i7Wl niun •" *l'r>' slight and the
ect'""  ami i»  «»*»-iti« [aTatta is true of its convolutions and
A Chapter on the Evolution of Ethics in the Capitalist
Conscience, and in That of Their Retainers and Apologists,
Secular, Divine and Pedagogic
Subactiptlo* Tries
r*» via*
mm.irks were
,„,.,,„ ,i uf thf mooting and it seems j •*»""' '» «™ •" '« convolutions ami
Jtlira| to follow on with a general t«t»«- <"■<■ waoag Uw strange dis-
;,,„,„ „f the politics and politicians  N"**  »    «**"*us    to which this
V,...,..,„,t,     It-n  firal it mav he  us ' wonderful     organism     is   subject   is
,t i.a.iy-mith.   Hut first it maybe as ,,
,,.,H here to explain that the writer's | ...,_Uv^ra'. .^^I,k?t ^K™!1""! ,te"-
..ituition in these letters is the sim
11IIC   <>(   helping    tO   Stir      Up      ....    .   „>«iiiiiiii^BBaBBBaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaBaaaaaaaaaaaaas
1 1   r „_••-.    _j ... i.,c- .„ ok*. \tOttj and  looking to the extreme re-
miimi nl discontent and to hasten tne 1 .  .     5 *
1 .      !..,..l   ,tel'v-*rinr-.   liw   a   verv    UiotelH-SS  cluilii.il   for  homo  by  mod-
day of *^t&*^^^\*J"Uera biologist*. «.. use that the anl-
t.i 111 ful and uiicxaggcratcd    exposure | ,.„_„.,.. ___   „_.,__ ,L. .....
jdency to revert  to the habits, ideas
♦ Ji'r ' '""l  manners  of  very   remote  ances-
ii  . .'nn- existing at  ladysmith.    To
1  r-real   many people   the  usual   and'"
proper  Socialistic    propaganda    does;
not appeal, cither because they have
nm   yet   eveaped   from    rhe    feudal
i inal's antics ure, under the ratfniatta
iexcitution, Iinl.I.- to be, ut least,
1 fantastic, if not very entertaining or
| dangerous.
With   these  rii*i-ssury   facts  in  our
Vr*L "j   t.      lit r   Infllds, mm are the* better uble to un
swathing cloth* of the plausible P«t-,oertbaat the strange .a|R-rs rut by
tuni, or because they regard <;"*|lh(. 1>m,iHi ,,,„| unoflU-iiil inhabitants
s*-iiiii as bemg yet too natch m the „/ thcsc p;irts )3St Xnesday week.
air Tins indifference of the people : Th(, ..^.jh,^ ,.auw. wa, tho arrival
mostly concerned has always been the|of „ viirCt, ()f .,„•-„„,,,,■ ores mattar,
'   imir  of ardent   reformers.    How- [otherwise    railed "Farl," and
-.--. lias often been made as a cOfi-
qurnce  of  a   ruthless  exposure  of!
tally existing evils.
so  it   IS i
th< writer*! endeavor to show some of
thr intolerable results of the present
competitive  system,  and   that    in     a
ever a story of wrong either pol- thpr ihtnf,H ,m) 1(,<lj(ill!) am, w,.jr<,
tical, BOCiBl, or industrial can always, ] u> „nmm.ruU. wh„ in M)1II0 lnvs,(.r.
to some cxtetnt, command an nlcrt ■ |<)(J8 w,ay ,^wmrta King ^i^,-.! of
interest, and political and social pro-j ,-riujn    who jn hjj( turn   an(, in R
t*ay, ii|uull.v niVMteriiius. rules over
nearly a third of the earth's surface
ami some hundreds of millions of
grey  matter  licarlng  homos.
Coming     ritywurdft     on     Tuesday
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ j morning from    our    domicile in thc
i-Jitu.-ncv which is blessed sr. moth ;,,r„j,.toriaii east-ead.  we n-.,t  the ex-
iIimvc   its   deserts   by   having   Ralph I ding  cause,     a  mid.lli-aged  gentle-
Smith   for   its   represcntativr.       Nor]	
should it  ever be  forgotten that  So-j (Continued on Page Four.)
itiltsm is the one and only remedy j	
for all the curse* and cruelties of oar1^, asst!(tance (rom „le smkcrs and
inditstnal systern. ._   their   hangers-on   employed     at     the
now,   with   this   purpose     ml^    ThKc st,^ckct*pcr uses his ,,..1,-
i tics   to   garner   iu  a   rich   harvest   of
profit*} the hotel proprietor to maintain  his  stand  and  trade secure;  and
jthe   sticker  to obtain  :»t  the  cost   of
!his fellows the best work in the mine.
What  chance  has  sporadic  itidcpcnd-
'ence or public spirit to break through
jor   make   any   headway   against   such
I a triple branded community of interest as this.
just   glanic   at  thc   inglorious   and
humiliating position of the man  who
"Capitalism Has No Ethic."
Class differences do not, as it is
hardly necessary to admit, explain all
human antagonisms. Many of these
arc basad on ideological factors, and
though such factors may in turn generally be traced to material bases,
they may conveniently be considered,
for any particular time and place, as
truly ideological. Society has become
differentiated, not only into economic classes, but into political states and
religious sects; and this differtiation
has brought about a complex web
of interests and a consequent complexity of ethical standards. The average man acts, tinder certain circumstances, with regard to his religioo,
unden other circumstances with regard to his state or government or
political party. But it is his primary
interest—his interest connected with
the economic class to which he belongs—which determines the general
cast of his thinking, which modifies
or cvcit entirly negatives his acceptance of thc ethical code embodied in
his professed religion, and which determines the general range and character of his actions.
Thc (tofrkeeper, for instance, may
be Catholic. Protestant, Jew, or agnostic. He may be Republican, Democrat, Prohibitionist, or Populist. But
it is not observable that thfc ideological differences cause any striking
dissimilarities in his methodtv of Tarrying on business.    If cheaper prices
tion was bitterly fought. The argument on which thc druggists staked
the cause was a socrai and ethical
one. It was that physicians are notoriously careless, or at least absent
minded, and often prescribe strychnine for quinine, or perhaps prussic
acid for boracic acid. Therefore,
were the option and discretion of the
"druggists as to what should be put
in a prescription to be taken from
them, the result would bc a wholesale poisoning of the community.
The argument was pressed home with
every asseveration of devotion to the
community's welfare, and the Solons
at Albany declined to pass the bill.
It would be idle to say in behalf
of the trader who substitutes or adulterates that he is merely imitating
his fellows, for some traders must
take the initiative, and many must
resort to the practice without knowledge of the actions of their fellows.
It would be equally idle to charge
him with the conscious wish to cheat,
since there are really but few persons who can make this admission to
themselves; still more idle to charge
that he is consciously willing to jeopard another's life. .He substitutes
because his economic function and
interest are to make profit, and because such substitution is an easy
and practicable means of profit-making. His class conscience minimizes
the known evils of a particular action, and emphasizes only the expectant benefits to himself. Thc expectation  of profit is perhaps  the most
Victoria, B. C, fhe Nataral Naat af
Carle-ltarea aad When Political
Parties ara Hale "While yei Watt"
Cea-rade SUaptea aetcathei After
a Braadside Fraai the rail Batteries
af Caagrau.
Haw the Tradiag Patriate at Tentta Mek
the Beats af Aaitricaas—far a tea-
slderatiea. Bid Story aad Bete/Jack
aa tha Baraaia Caeatar at Ptatacrafy.
Fiaaacial Ceatrel First, Palllkal fto-
at-utlee Next
-J---0    «--  .      -     . .
and   better  merchandise  are    to    be) po.erfiil  of    all  known  solvents    of
a few words of explanation  as
I.. Low and why Ladysmith ever came
nn   to   the   map   may   lie   instructive
Briefly,   the   city   is   a   knobby     and
stumpy creation of riic Hon. Jamie's
It   ii   the  all   t<Mi  visible  result   of   a
v. 1 ik man's strong will, or, to speak
truthfully, irresponsible whun.   Duns
muir  first  intended  to  take the  coal
:i- ni the Extension  nitnes to  Departure   Hay     With  that  object  in "intd
■  .:rid<-*| a new road from the lv tt
N right down pi the bay So intent I hn7"|caf.„c3 wisdom as to his own and
in his purpose was hc that he never k. cjMJ inUrests First of all. he has
rtbserved he was grading his r-.ad ov- L ^ wJth § *(Kal st(,rirkceper. He
.r  another  party*   land.    That     has j ^ hp ^ ^ymfi *-,,. m0*t  exorb-
lieen a common mistake of thc Hon. .^^ prjce, („t every articles he buys
Jamie's, as quite a number of PPOm-*. ^amn that the man who ii thus
men know to their cost. But this I fioct-;.,K him of his hard-earned money
line Dunsmuir ran into Robbins. ai.". *n'frm.m with others of his class
-nig which it was hopeless to mote- .)ol(. ,)H]1 -a<it in t|,c abject slavery
either by money or legal subornation. I. . 1)uiwnn,ir regimc. He realizes
and lie incontinently dropped his De- ; ^ ^ man w*u) ;s getting a fat
partore Bay railway scheme.    Instead!    * *   ,ivin    mlt  ()f his cruel  and
hi built his wliarf at Oystrr Bay. *tf]SSL iXir dictates the "open" poli-
t li -11 conceived the idea of there build-1 ■' J f ,*,c plaCc. lie is quite aware
a .ity. There were a few minor OO-J - jmp:l,K.,,, or indiscreet word of
stories in the road, but nothing  that |«        )a*in,   j,  carried   straight   to  the
counted in the regal mind and imper-
i"its will <if Jamie. No more itnstnt-
alile site for a town could have been
found for miles around. There was
al-sri thc little matter pi personal liberty and choice to be expected in the
mind* of free citizens of a free coun-
trp. More than that, a large number
"I men had already built themselves
house* at F.xtcnuion. But thc decree
had liven issued, the fiat gone forth.
The august one had breathed his purpose; it remained only to obey. And
10 by this high-handed, ruthless act
of tyranny, as cruel ami oppressive
as any proceeding of fuedal baron, BI
galling and grinding as any exaction
of Russian noble, was Ladysmith
created. And its growth and develop
mt nt since have in every sense and
detail harmonized with the strange
1 'i irnistaiiccs of its birth.
There   has   never   been   any   conn
denes as to thc stability of the town.
Hack in rhc mind of every merchant
and hotiscowncr there is ever present
ilk   paralizing  fear that    wlwt     WJM
created by a breath can by a word be
destroyed      Thus  it   has  come    that
ladytmith   is  perhaps    lhe    dearest
lown to live in on thc coast, or. indict! within hundreds of miles of tlie
>eas.   In the absence of security merchant* run a system of Iniutatice into their pnecs.     Against  a  possible
shut-down or another wholsale  eviction at any time in  the future, they
are reaping a present harvest  of extraordinary  profits.    And  politics  in
this   province   generally   and   partic-
ilairly in Ladysmith is in thc l**»st, ."'
•ilysiH   only   the   science   ot   prottts.
Here wc come rigHvt upon the secret
of the city's strange and murky political  atmosphere.     Your  »tiwckcepcr
knows enough of thc blessings 01 thc
' ompetitive   system   to  tacitly   agree
upon   a   policy   of   no   price-cutting.
That settled, hc 'binds all his energies
lo keep thc poltieal air as sweat and
clear as ttosaible for thc lord of his
destiny.   They, that is the merchants,
saloon-keepers and every candy store
'■• r In  the place, know only one
political aim and that is to keep the
right side of Dunsnuiw. 'Ihey suiter
no obstacles to this purpose to exist.
In this object they have received ma-
boss. He rccogtitJ-.es that hc is- as a
worm under the iron li-cel of these
time-servers, suckers, and profit-grabbers. He cannot utter a word in h's
own behalf. He dare not, if he wants
to keep his work, raise the mildest of
kicks against his conditions. He may
even find it expedient pi feign agreement wilh these political heelers in
some of their most nattsealing jobberies. He is in short thc mute pawn
of a lot of political grafters and lip-
•ervcrs. In all essentials of true manhood and real citizenship he is a slave,
ias abject and Impotent as any Russian serf.
Ralph Smith's one regret in a life
of noble endeavor but barren achievement, is that he was not lv>rn in this
free and democratic Canada of ours.
And in his own constituency a man
dare not call his soul Ins own. but
lives, moves, and has his being in a
reign   of political  silence as effective
as was
Paris!     oui   u»i»sjjj|^^^^
enough   to   show   how  many   worthy
Ralph   Smith   has
ever any Reign of Terror in
But maybe I have written
to show how many worthy
political compeers Ralph Smith has
in Lady-smith. Perhaps it is anotiher
regret of Ralph's that he did not"get
to that historic joint meeting. How
heartily he could have endorsed that
description of Parker Williams as the
description >m •..— ..
"common riiemy," and how emphatic
'ally he would have proved it by
vague reference to economists whom
he has never read and maydie never
even heard of. But neither Ralph nor
his worthy compeers must imagine
"  .«•!»-»»■ nr.> setvsibli
.1       live   they arc insensible  to the
they live, tnw t*u,ni
I'  ,1   liccatiss- they  cannot  give
wrath because "W^^fta"io»B"
Prt:SM,'"\::,i, warmer'it gets. Let
it is nursed tn<   "' -,th     their
high priest, nwaMorij^ ^ ^^
repressive 1 e ,       thc (|ay of
tlhc spring ["••'ft J (lay Ladysmith.
rcvolt jomes.     nth JW^j ^
hy virtue of ttu    yi-     f     . .■
\V* ffi?ttlS^c n nlTalitajM
w th whtc'i it ti.is l,lv"   -     -     van
occupy a foremost ^**Z£
found in stores where Gamaliel or
Hillel, ratlier than John Calvm or
Pius X or Thomas Paine, is reverenced, the fact bears but small relation to the religious or philosophical
creed of the trader. Class interest
and function determine his business
conduct, and the slight differences
discoverable in the mode arc traceable
only to the personal equation—to differences in forethought, energy, and
skill in bargaining. Further, it must
be said that thc larger creeds themselves take on a hue and tharaete,*'
determined by the prevailing form <.f
production and the nature of class relations; and that whatever the claim
for these creeds—of divine origin, of
universal applicability, of immutable
validity—they change inevitably from
age to age in accord with their economic environment.
How it has happened that, despite
the eternal warfare of communities
and classes, ethical codes intended
for universal application have been
formulated and insistently preached,
we need not here discuss. It is certain that for more than two millen-
111ms philosophers, teachers ol relt-
Kion and others somewhat removed
from the pressure of the class struggle, have sought to instil into mankind a more perfect etnics, a moral
code uncircumscribed by sectional interest. But though the effect of
such teaching has been a modification to some slight extent of the fra-
ticidal struggle among mankind, thc
ideal sought is an utter futility so
long as individualist competition for
thc means of life, however altered or
refined, continues. That mode of production and distribution compels the
segregation of men' into classes and
the waging of a class struggle fo»
the means of life, and that struggle
determines the ethical concepts and
practices of the combatants.
The paramount economic interest
of a class thus becomes the basis of
thc conscience of the individuals
composing that class. The conscience
of the wage-earning producer justifies or approves a set of actions
which to the trader arc vicious and
unfair. No less vicious and unfair
appear to the producers many of the
aits ,,f the tradem. A thousand and
one deceptive devices for inducing a
customer to buy are practised by-
traders of marked religiosity, without a thought of any infringement of
Ihe moral law. The degree to which
the adulteration of staple goods and
the substitution of inferior goods
has grown in the world's markets appeals to aii claasses cxce.pl those of
the traders and fabricators as something monstrous, yet to many, if not
most, of the nu-n-bors of these latter
classes, such acts are not only justifiable but emulator*-*, and the threatened intervention of the state in behalf of pure fixxl and dratgs, honest
fabrics, and "unsophisticated" merchandise generally is looked upon as
oppressive and confiscatory.
Even traders who have developed
or absorbed some general concept of
social ethics are able, without violence to their consciences, to justify
substitution and aaduUcration. As
any well-informed person knows, tse
practice of substituting inferior and
ivantufhl drugs has become common
in late years, at least in thc cities. A
recent investigation in New York
City showed lhat three hundred and
fifteen out of three hundred and seventy-three druggists tO whom prescriptions for phctracetin were presented supplied instead an adulterated drug or a substitute.     Yet when*
Victoria seems destined to be the
birthplace of more man its share of
political abnormalities. This is no
doubt largely due to the pre-natal influence of environment in the shape
of a large number of curio-stores.
Once it was a Socialist political organization that opened its meetings
with prayer. Then we had the Marcon capitalist conciliation committee.
\nd now, the Trades and Labor Congress met here, we are to have an Independent   Labor   Party.
The following is the resolution
passed  by  rhe  Congress:
1. That this Congress endorse the
idea of sending representatives of labor to parliament and to the local legislatures for the direct purpose of
conserving the interests of the working people of this country.
2. That such action as may be necessary to attain this object sLall be
independent of this Congress.
3. That the platform of principles of
this Congress be recommended as
platform to be adopted by those engaged   in  this   independent   effort.
4. That immediately upon the adjournment of this convention the provincial executives of this Congress
take the preliminary steps to summon
a convention of the trade unionists
of their respective provinces, and
those in sympathy with organized labor, for the purpose of forming the
necessary association to carry on
thereafter the work of electing labor
5. That upon such 'conventions being summoned and convened the functions of the provincial executives in
this  regard  shall cease.
What the outtcome will be remains
to be seen. The conditions here are
hardly as favorable to an I. L. P. as
in the British Isles. There, among
the Union leaders, a certain modicum
of probity and honesty does exist.
Here the average "labor-skate," about
election time is looking for a 4 %* day
canvassing job. While the larger fry
fellow- much the same lines on a scale
more worthy the dignity of their officers.
However, it would be too strong a
statement to say that this independent labor movement is totally corrupt
and of corrupt antecedents. It is partly the outcome of economic conditions. After having for long attempted unsuccessfully to induce others to
legislate for him, it will dawn upon
even a wage-mule in time that, if he
I-'or thc code of each is bas. d I wants any legislating done he must do
things  more  fundamental   than  ;t      himself,      that     is,      take     in-
r>r sentiments.     It is based up-  ^ciendent      pc-lficsl      ?ction.       We-
e economic life. ing        de'.-r^..        {roy.*'*' <fVf!tWZB
.x.-  _i_.-  «„„c^;„„„, mo„ aiKo  action    within    the    union    it    was
ethicai standards.
The beliefs which a class holds, as
a result of its economic relations,
arc generally sincere beliets, and are
held, in the main, unconsciously of
their- determining cause. There is a
spiritual alchemy which transmutes
the base metal of self-interest into
the gold of conscience; the transmutation is real, and the resulting frame
of mind is not hypocrisy, but conscience. It is a class conscience,
and therefore partial and imperfect.
having little to do with absolute ethics. But partial and imperfect as it
is, it is generally sincere. It is most
Obviously so among those of the two
extreme classes who battle for advantage from such opposite bases.
Members of the same community, of
the same political party, perhaps of
the same secret society, taught by
thc same teachers, informed by the
same newspapers, enrolled ( let us
imagine) in the same church, the employer and the employee will yet differ diametrically on ethical questions
of material interest, and do it hon
ideas or     ^^^^^^
on the economic life.
But  the class  conscience may also
be honest in the person of the social
servant  who,  blind  to  his  real  mission and his right function, preaches
or teaches the class ethics of the rulers as a social code obligatory upon
all.     When,  for  example, a  respected   expounder   of   the  creed  of    the
Nazarene carpenter    tells   the   public
with  solemn face  that the great  enemies of the freedom of thc country
are  those who  would  forbid  a  man
to sell his labor for such price as he
is compelled to accept—in  brief, the
labor  unionists—the  statement  is,  or
may be,    a    conscientious judgment.
Such  a  teacher  may  be  honest;    hc
may  realty believe this to be a self-
sustaining proposition;    hc    may  bc
quite    unconscious    that    the    main
cause   of  his  holding   this   belief     is
the fact that he never was a producer,  never  had  any consciousness    of
rhe  pressing  needs  of the  producers
as  a  class,  and  therefore  never  had
any  of the kind  of    ethical    feeling
which   that   consciousness     produces.
Such a teacher is a retainer^ even JJ^ hTmd"Vlieg'rence to the old par
Toronto, Sept.  18, 190tl.
For the poet ten days or so the
citizens of this truly loyal community have been iu thc throes of controversy over a "flag incident" at
what used to lie the Toronto Industrial Fair, hut is now grandiloquently known as the "Canadian
National   Exhibition."
The trouble u oae from tbe act of
the crowd of i . -n who use this
annual function in hoisting the Stars
and Stripes in place of its twin emblem of cluss ascendancy, the Union
Jack, on "American Day" to tickle
the vanity of visiting Yankees.
Whereon there followed divers protests from the ultra jingo faction
in the form of letters to the press,
resolutions of protest, promuscMOUs
ebullitions of hot uir in bar-rooms
and on street corners and copious
expenditure of grey matter on thc
part of capitalist editors In trying
to say the right and fitting and decorous thing for the occasion without offending uny one whose patronage was worth having.
Needless to say it hasn't occurred
to nny of these intellectual prostitutes to point out that it dossa't
matter a tinker's dam (I believe
there is high philological authority
to the effect that this expression is
not profane) to the workiag people
which of these symbols ot
flies over their heads temporarily or
permanently.      Neither haa anybody
dared   or  cared   to   emphasise     the
ahsurdity  of making such a splutter
over  thc  hoisting   of   a   flag,   while
i-ordially     welcoming     and   inviting
everything thnt the flag stands for.
Was there  ever such a set ot fools
and hypocrites as these Jingoes, who
while proclaiming their devotion to
Britain   and   British   principles    and
shying like a balky horse at the outward and  visible sign  of  Americanism, submit tamely and without protest to the rapid and wholesale Americanization  of the    country?    Oar
railroads,   mines,  factories and other
industries are largely  run or owned
by  Americans.    Pnited   States  capital is coming over in millions for Investment   in  every  productive enterprise.    Americans     are  buying  huge
blocks of  land   throughout  the new
provinces,  and American settlers ara
flocking by tens or hundreds of thousands into the prairie country. And
against all this no one of the Imperialist  outfit—certainly no one ol prominence or influence—has raised one
word of protest.   If thero are Occaa-
l-.m',**^iyi,?J79 th»y r.re .Quieted by
c2?|ine fatuous     ^^^^^^^^^^^
only natural that hc should begin to 	
'"'    ~'**'-:al labor  which imagines that the new comers
Socialist j will be so impressed by the supposed
drift towards the only political labor
movement   in     sight,    the     Socialist,  _. r
movement.   This, however, was by no | superiority of British institutions to
means  satisfactory  to    "the     gang.
What was the use of getting him into
their  union  if  he  belonged   to some
one else's political party?    The "no
politics in the union" fetish would no
longer serve to hold him.   They must
have a political party of rheir own to
which he should belong and that, so
far, is  what  the I. L.  P.  spells.     A
perfectly natural tendency on the part
of the rank and file to take independent political action in their own interests, and an also perfectly natural desire on the part of the leaders to divert this movement into a party which
they can control in their own  interests.   Of the politics at present in existence, the  Socialist Party has least
to fear from the I. L. P.    It can rob
it of none of the support to which it
Is entitlted.    The Socialist  votes Socialist.     It   will   on   the   other   hand
serve  to wean  the hard-shells    from
,. year ago, an attempt was made to
remedy evils of this kind by a >w
compelling thc filling of prescriptions
by thc drugs called for, the legtsltv-
if an  unconscious one; and  it  is his
retainer conscience which find.-. i[ttick '
and  sharp expression when  he    sees
the   "liberty"  of  the one  man  interfered with in behalf of thc interests
of the group of which that man is a
part.    His conscience, a reflex of the
trader    conscience, cannot    interpret
liberty  in  any  other than  the  negative,   eighteenth  century    sense,    because so interpreted and actualized it
best   accords   with   the   interests     of
thc employing class.    Such    a   conscience   cannot   understand     hy     the
term the "positive power or capacity"
which  each  man  exercises or    holds
"through the help or security  given
him by his fellow-men, and which he
in   turn  helps  to  secure  for    them."
All that such   a    conscience    understands by the  term, in this connection, is a vague harmony with a nebulous    principle    learned    in    earlier
days.   That actually the term means,
in    this    application,    the    potential
license of the industrial freebooter to
drag down thc whole body of wage-
earners by working for less    wagfes
and  under meaner    conditions    than
will satisfy the rest, does not penetrate   the  retainer    conscience.      His
belief is a class belief, arising out nl
his manner of earning a living, which
involves a <rrcnter or less assimilation
of trading-clas.s  views of life.
(Confined on Page Four.)
ttes, and will act as a sieve through
which the grain will drop into the Socialist bin while the chaff remains in
the sieve. That is if it materializes.
Their convention for B. C. is called
for the 20th. There in all probability
the question will bc thrashed out between the Socialist and non-Socialist
members of organized labor whether
the S. P. is independent labor party
enough for B. C. or not. Outside of
Victoria and Vancouver the I. L. P.'s
chances for securing a foothold arc
small, and they arc none too good in
Vancouver. Of course, in that city
there is so much in its favor that, of
the last labor campaign fund some
$200 remain. The ex-candidates also
remain and will doubtless move heaven and earth to the end that they
may once more bc numbered among
the "also ran."
The Trades and Labor Congress itself is not unworthy of notice. Al
least it accomplished one useful purpose in making us of the West acquainted with Com. Simpson of Toronto, and the acquaintance was worth
while. His actions in the Congress
were above reproach. With the presidency within easy reach if hc but
refrained from an open declaration for
Socialism, he made no bones about,
having it clearly understood that the
Socialist Party came first with' him.
"The gang" had come for the Last
sworn to take home hs scalp.    Ver-
those   under   which   tney   have  been
born     and     reared     that  they  will
quickly    become "good Canadians."
As though men could throw oft the
traditions and sentiments of generations so easily.   Does anyone for a
moment   suppose     that  the  shrewd,
unscrupulous       capitalists     In     th*
United States are going to sit quietly down and see the trade of their
compatriots in the North-west go to
build   up  Toronto  and  Montreal  Instead of coming their way?   The bigger   that   market     grows  the  more
surely   will   every   form   of   intrigue,
I political pressure nnd lavish expenditure of money lie brought into play
tn  secure the  organic  absorption  of
a community already  half-Americanized  in  sentiments and  ideals.     Tho
same mercenary spirit which prompted the exhibition directors—all "Im-
pariattata" to n man—to hoist what
gnod old Hornet- Ureeley once fittingly culled "the flaunting lie" in order
to  cutch     u     few     Yankee  dollars,
(Continued on Page Four.)
ville having flatly declined renomina-
tion, the gang sought strenuously a
candidate that would defeat Simpson.
They approached landers of the garment-workers, as the only man of sufficient prominence and cleanness of
record, but he refused to run against
Simpson. Finally their choice fell upon Delegate Hungerford who, if lacking prominence, had at least notoriety
enough. Throughout the discussion
on political action ran a strong undercurrent whose course was not hard t°
follow. The diatribes against the Socialists were nothing more than veiled
attacks on Simpson. The question
under discussion was not so much political action as how to queer Simpson. However, the wind was taken
out of their sails by the adroit renominate'it of Verville and Comrade Simpson's withdrawal in his favor. Tjbta
left no course open but the re-election
by acclamation of Verville as president and Simpson as vice-president,
much   to  the    discomfiture    of    the
Verville himself gave one the impression of being perfectly honest and
sincere. In fact, the conduct of the
French-Canadian delegates throughoot
was highly creditable.
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Saturday October 6, 1906.
the Struggle of the proletariat to
break its chains by seising the power
that alone forges them Upon its
limbs. That power is the capitalist
state. The purpose of the labor movement is to obtain control of it, anarchist chatterers and nincompoops
to the contrary notwithstanding.
The daily press in reporting the secession of the Western Federation of
Miners from the I. W. W. says that
"miners repudiate Socialism." In this
they are slightly mistaken. By their
action at Chicago the miners have
merely repudiated anarchy. It is to be
hoped they will steer clear of it in
the future.
Chicago, Oct. 3.—The national convention of the Industrial Workers of
the World split on the rock of Socialism yesterday when the delegates
of the Western Federation of Miners,
representing twenty-five thousand
miners, bolted. The seceders will organize under another name.—Daily
The above appears among the press
dispatches of Wednesday last.    The
information contained therein is by no
means surprising to those who have
taken note of the birth  and    subsequent cavortings of this latest economic aberration.   To those who have
taken  pains  to  follow  its  brief history and have kept tab upon the ridiculous vaporings of its chief spokesmen and apostles, it is a matter of
wonder that it has been able to survive  the vicissitudes of life even    a
twelve-month.    In fact, it could not
have lived for even that short time had
it not heen for the foul conspiracy of
the mine-owners of Idaho and Colorado against the officers of the Western
Fedtratton  of   Miners.    The  general
interest taken in them by thousands
of workers, an interest that was quick,
ened and deepened'by the consciousness that, the blow aimed at Moyer,
Haywood and Pettibone and St. John
was a blow aimed at the entire work-
. ing class, afforded the opportunity to
-the disreputable,  discredited,  desperate, semi-anarchist remnant of the Socialist Labor  Party to prolong    its
baneful  existence for  another  short
period.   They worked the occasion for
all it was worth.   Under the guise of
a tender solicitude for the persecuted
officers of the Western Federation of
Miners these   blatard    knaves   have
■been busy for months in giving utterance  to the most  ridiculous    assumptions and conceptions in regard
to the labor movement that the fertility of their ignorance   could   bring
forth.   Their lip-loyalty to the cause
for which the imprisoned men were
being persecuted, blinded   many   an
honest workmen to the fact that the
premises assumed by these "economic" sleight-of-hand performers    were
becoming each day more pronouncedly the premises of anarchy, therefore,
reactionary in the extreme and bound
Ito result in ultimate    disaster.   The
'belittling of political actionand the emphasizing of an "economic" folly that
flies in the face of both economics and
history, is the very quintescence of
anarchy.   The confused and reactionary hunch that has been responsible
for the present attitude of the I.W.W.
world no doubt have long since dropped their S.L.P. but for the reason
, that by ao doing they would    completely expohe their anarchistic tendencies as to turn support away from
. pet "economic" aberration.
These worthies have in reality been
for years between the "devil and the
deep aea." Since committed to their
original folly of the S. T. and L. A.
in 1895, they have not only been at
a lost to know whether to drop their
"economic" or their "political arm"
lest they drop the wrong one. They
seem to have had a lack of confidence in their own ignorance.
It is high time the Western Federation of Miners parted company with
the ridiculous and reactionary policy
that has been grafted upon the I. W.
W. by the tattered remnants of the
S. T. and L. A. and S. L. P., It is
to be hoped their breakaway will bc
final and complete, and that with
them all honest workers who have
been befuddled by the vaporjngs of
that "cocksure  ignoramus"  DeLeon,
and hia handful of parrots and chat-      There is probably not a sane person
terers, will become active factorg in | in the United States who is at all lam.
''^ne^A-ihnipeg Voice of Sep. 28 contains a four or five column report of
the proceedings of the recent convention of the Trades and Labor Congress at Victoria. The caption of the
report announces that the "Trades
Congress Decides on Following British Example—Includes all Except the
Jmpossibihsts." The "impossibilrsts"
are, of course, the Socialists.
Whether Editor Puttee intended to
be facetious or not is unknown, but
that humor sticks out upon all sides
of his use of  the term "impossibil-
ist," like quills upon the fretful porcupine, may be readily seen by a brief
glance at  his  own  political  history.
Elected as a labor representative he
served one term in the House    of
Commons at Ottawa.    To his credit
let it be said that he was not, as is
usually  the  case  with   the     "labor"
type,  a   Liberal   skate masquerading
under the cloak of labor.   He meant
to do things  for the  labor element
which was responsible for his election.
But as is always the case with this
'labor" type he possessed no understanding of capitalist production and
the  part  the men of  labor    played
under it.    He shied at the Socialist
position,   looking  upon   it   as  something akin to a heresy that was bound
to jeopardize the soul afflicted with
it.    Its radical and open analysis of
the present system of property   and
its equally open and manly advocacy
of the application of the only remedy for its evils that the logic of even
capitalist industry itself has ever yet
suggested, did not appeal favorably to
cautious and conservative Puttee. As
aforesaid, he shied.   As he was not of
the peculiarly flabby moral fibre requisite to become a handy tool of the
Liberal politicians, and possessing no
knowledge  of  the  real  labor movement of the world to act as his guide
and compass  and  impel  him to act
along a straight line looking to the
deliverance of labor from the shambles of its present   exploitation  and
misery, he became a nonentity in the
body of which he was a member, and
to which he had been elected by an
honest, wcll-intendtioncd  and confiding labor vote.   By his very honesty,
coupled with his lack of understanding of the labor problem from a revolutionary standpoint, he became an
impossibilist in the true sense of the
word.    His  position  was impossible
to   maintain   because   he   stood    for
nothing   definite,   nothing    concrete.
He neither stood for the present system of property, nor against it.   The
fact of the matter ig he did not himself know Where he stood.   Bis good
intentions   were   strong   enough    to
preclude the possibility of being used
by the designing politicians of capital
to aid them in furthering their designing     schemes.    His  lack  of  understanding of the true labor movement
precluded his doing anything else.
Workingmen  may, as  a rule,    be
somewhat   dense    and    ill-informed.
They may not be at all times guided
by   the   result   of   deep and careful
reasoning.   But unconsciously, and as
if by instinct, they pass judgment upon men and things and, in the course
of time, arrive at correct and eminently proper conclusions.    They did
so in Puttee'g case.   When he came
before them for re-election he    was
elected to remain at home.   Instinctively they repudiated    h»s "impossibilist" position.   They recognized him
as neither "fish, flesh, fowl nor good
I red herring," in a political sense.   Although not yet wise as to the correct
course to pursue they at least wanted an attempt made to go in some
direction.   The result was that Puttee
and hig "inipossibilism" wag repudiated.   Puttee has been in Winnipeg ever
since.     Puttee still shies at the Socialist position    and    conception     of
things.    Puttee still remains a devotee at the shrine of "impossibilism."
In view of which Puttee-might well
refrain   from   attempts   at   facetioua-
ness   over   the   fancied    "impossibilism" of others, lest he be unwittingly making himself fhe butt of his own
iliaf With the arrest and kidnapping of
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone, and
the events that led up to it, but hai
been convinced from the start that
this affair was but a clumsy and awkward conspiracy upon the part of the
dirty-tools of the mine owners to effect the legal murder of these men
whom the capitalist interests of the
country feared. Probably the most
sanguine optimist in the bunch, however, little dreamed how completely
this conspiracy would collapse of itself, or how utterly stupid, childish
and ridiculous thc grounds upon
which the charges against thc imprisoned men would eventually prove to
It is now known to every one that
Steve Adams has repudiated his confession which was corroborative of
the one previously made by Orchard, instances
declaring that it had been forced from commit suicide,
him by threats upon the part of
Gooding and McPartland. That
Adams has since been spirited away
from the Boise penitentiary, evidently for the purpose of preventing him
from falling into the hands of the
counsel for the imprisoned men, is
years old. the custom was {of the
master to clothe his apprentices and
to feed and lodge them in an apprentice house" near the factory;
overseers were appointed to see to the
works, whose interest it was to work
children to the utmost, because their
pay was in proporion to the quantity
of work that they could exact. Cruelty  was
of course, the consequence,
ln many of the maiiul'actitr-
districts,  but   particularly,   1   am
'UK     unu'*i"i     ^*-*»     i'-- " J 1 ,   .    .
afraid, in the guilty county to wliitn
1 belong (Lancashire), cruelties
of the most heart-rending kind
were practised BpOO the unoffending and friendless creatures who were thus consigned to
the charge of master manufacturers;
they were harassed lo the brink of
death by excess of labor . . were
flogged, fettered and tortured in the
most exquisite refinement of cruelty;
, . . they were in many cases
starved to thc bone while flogged to
their work and . . * even in some
were driven to
. . The beautiful and romantic valleys of Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and Lancashire, secluded from thc public eye,
became thc dismal solitudes of torture, and of many a murder. The
profits of manufacturers were enormous; but this only whetted the ap-
! petite that it should have satisfied, and
therefore  the  manufacurers had
also well known. And now comes course to an expedient that seemed to
word through the daily press, that secure to them those profits vvithciut
... • - .. any possibility of limit; they began
the star witness in th.s ffesott-a, ^p?^ of wus* is t*Wti Vght.
plot has become a raving maniac. "Iworking," that is, having tired one
this be true it would seem that the get of hands, by working them
only evidence left upon which to con-j throughout   the   day.   they   had   an
vict the imprisoned men is the allcg-  *****  •«  *****  *» «°  '      ""L '"
ed confession that Orchard is reported
to have made to McPartland. As Adams has already asserted that his
"confession" was induced by dire
threats made by Gooding and McPartland, it will occur to anyone short
of an idiot that Orchard's confession
was no doubt brought about by gome
equally horrible means. There are no
lower or more degenerate criminals
on earth than detectives and policemen. Any one who would believe
one of them under oath or place any
ektance on "confessions" that come to
light through their hands, is stupid
enough to believe the moon to be
made of "limburgcr."
The   collapse  of  this  coarse
clumsy     conspiracy     is
to go on working
throughout the night; the day set getting into the beds that the night set
had just quitted, and in their turn
again, thc night set getting into the
beds that the day set quitted in the
•morning, lt is a common tradition in
lamnshire, that thc beds never get
The October issue of Sammy Goffi-
per's blowgun, the American Federationist, is especially interesting reading, lt is devoted, as usual, to thc
virtue and ponderosity of the doughty
Samuel himself, and ably sets forth
the pestilential effect upon the enemies of labor when that valiant war-
and'rior unsheaths his trusty "Excalibur"
ridiculous lof political action a"nd proceeds to lay
enough to make a church deacon guf- jabout him. Sam's political weapon,
faw right out in mutiny. Were it not jbeing a device of his own contrivance,
for the tragedy embodied in the fact is a most wicked instrument when
that honorable and upright men have .properly wielded. Sam knows bow to
been made to suffer that portion that 'wield it too, and his well-known hatred
is supposed to be dealt out to criminals only, the entire affair, from its
inception in the brain of the unspeakably vile McPartland until its ignominious collapse in Adam's recantation
of the "enemies of labor" insures that
■he will wield it without mercy when
occasion offers. This he did in lj-t-
tlefield's district in Maine. Thc result
Was something awful to contemplate.
tt is repotted that Trepoff, Who
was supposed to have died on his own
account, actually met his death by
poison administered by some revolutionary physician. The feeling of sadness that comes over us at thc
thought of his having been thus murdered; is not of sufficient volume to
altogether iiucnch the satisfaction of
knowing that he is dead for keeps.
ln Natal, South Africa, an Ethiopian was recently sent to goal for
publicly praying that the blacks bc
given strength to drive the whites
across  the sea.—-Ex.
Serve him right. Any- one who had
so little sense as to expect lo obtain strength that way ought to be
locked up.
Bishop Pattu says that "the majority of our people are neither laborers
ttor capitalists." While we knew there
was a considerable number of preachers and hobos in existence we had no
idea they constituted a majority.
However, we would not think of disputing so eminent an authority as the
good Bishop.
In Wilker-borre, Pennsylvania, a so-
called Union Labor Party undertook
to endorse the Socialist Parly candidate for congress in that district. Comrade VV. H. Dettrey. the candidate,
refused to accept or acknowledge
such etidorsation. Upon application
being made to the stale's committee
of the Socialist Party, Comrade Det-
trcy's position was sustained, and the
U. L. 1'. notified that the S. P. waa
not engaged in the business of trying
to elect nun |0 office by means that
in any manner savored of compromise
or political trading, or might be construed as such. To old party backs
this would appear a novel way of doing politics. No doubt this "labor
Party" bunch must have been shocked.
A propos of "The Jungle," don't yoa
find it hard to understand a nation of
people more concerned about their
own stomachs than about the death
struggles of a whole city of workers?
M. Sinclair's wonderful book, which
would be wonderful if there never had
been a Hccf Trust, stirred up a great
hue and cry for pure food, but it
doesn't seem to have occurred to anyone that something could be done t->
ameliorate the condition* of the people in Packington. The solution is
as simple as the reason is selfish. We
are obliged to eat meat, and we arc
not obliged to cat the people of Packingtown. At least, not wittingly.—
The Show
—-. -  ****t Union in th*. ,„,.„
«ll*d Ul MW* r a cm ,M„ Ihu7.'TT » <•
auoalb.    S-x-ratartra liter ao-.. **>*M
Phoenix      Mlnera'    Union
W. F. M.    Meets
evening  at 7.30 o'dSch^^U^I
kail.    V. Ingram
I'ict-ard, aecretarv
m Miners'
1111- .wli-nt   a .
J. Edward Bird
Geo. K
1 > ilon-j.
A. C
BARIUHTKk*. 80l.lt I
lOll).   -if,
and Orchard's insanity, would    make j Among the greatly reduced  Rcpubli-
up the most excruciatingly ridiculous
farce ever played upon the stage of
the world's history. If no other good
comes from it, this affair has at least
done much to expose capitalist law as
a humbug and a sham, and capitalist
"justice" as a deliberate hag more
completely lost to shame than the
most abandoned and toothless old pelican of the "red light" district. Whatever reverence or respect the workera
can still retain for either capitalist
law or justice, in the light of such
can majorities throughout the state,
Littlelteld's district was less pronounced than those of thc congressional candidates tn other districts.
It also appears that Littlefield ran
ahead of every Republican candidate 111
his district from governor down. Sam
says the reason he did not wipe Littlefield off the map was because thc
Socialists had a candidate in thc field
and put ; a most energetic campaign. He avers that the funds to
carry on the Socialist campaign were
events, must be made of sterling stuff furnished by "Littletield's    advocates
or it tould never survive the ordeal.
Out upon all of this sham, humbug and pretence. Let the day speedily come when capitalism and its brutal rule and exploitation will as completely and ignominiously collapse as
as has this cold-blooded and cowardly conspiracy against thc officers of
the Western Federation of Miners.
That that day is rapidly approaching
no one tan doubt who is at all compelled to read the signs and and portents upon the social and industrial
A Church of England parson, during an address delivered in San Francisco some years gincr, in speaking
of England's greatness took occasion
to attribute it chiefly to the Bible. As
England's greatness ig expressed in
purely commercial terms, for the reason that such terms alone are understandable in this glorious age of capitalist culture and refinement, the following taken from the "Genesis of the
Industrial Capitalist," by (Marx, is not
without value in throwing light upon
"John Bull's'* Bible story. In fact, it
is a most delightful chapter, so simply written that no black-frocked yen-
try of lugubrious mein are required
to interpret it. Although thc last
chapters of "J. B's" Bible have not
yet been written, rumor hath it that
when the inspiration comes it will bc
written in red ink.
"In   the   counties   of   Derbyshire,
Nottinghamshire, and more    particularly   in   Lancashire,"  says    Fieldcn,
"the newly-invented machinery   was
used in large factories built on the
sides of streams capable of turning
the water-wheel.   Thousands of hands
were suddenly required in these places,   remote   from   towns-, and   Lan-
shire, in particular, being,  till then,
comparatively thinly   populated    and
barren, a papulation was all that she
now wanted.   The small and nimble
fingers of little children being by very
far the most in request, the custom instantly sprang up of procuring apprcn-
ices from the different parish workhouses of London, Birmingham, and
elsewhere.   Many, many thousands of
these little, hapless    creatures    were
sent down into the north, being from
'the age of 7 o the age of 13 or 14
and henchmen, the tiusts, the corporations, and the railroads." There is
no use talking, even the artful Socialists cannot   fool  Samuel.
At any rate Samuel says, "it was a
great moral victory," and he ought to
know. It is quite evident it wag no
other kind to gay thc least.
Before the United States Commissioners on Rules and Regulations of
the Foods and Drug Act, R. P. Blou-
in, representing the Louisiana Sugar
and Planters' Association, said that
"none of the chemicals used in sugar
refining remained in the sugar at the
completion of manufacture, but an in-
finitismal part of compound of tin
sometimes remained in the molasses."
As proof that this was not harmful
Mr. Blouin said "the plantation mules
wire fed two and a half gallons of
molasses a day as food, and no ill
effects were ever noticed." That
should be convincing. What the four-
legged mule can stand ought to be
good enough for the two-legged one.
At five successive weekly meetings
at East Stonehouse, England, the Socialist speakers were arrested by thc
police. Ag these were street meetings the usual charge of "obstructing
the highway," was made. There were
numerous witnesses in each case to'
show that the free passage of the
street was not obstructed, but the
judge had no difficulty in digging up
some rusty old law that declared that
three or more persons standing together in the street constituted an obstruction. Great is thc "Law," but
even greater still is "British Justice."
—1 o——-
In speaking 0f Henry George, the
single-tax apostle now defunct,
Windy Jennings says. "Whether or
not men agreed with him in hig theories, they could not doubt that hc
put into hig work a tremendous heart
power." The same might bc said of
"Windy" Jennings himself by merely
substituting the words, lung power.
Very Simple.
Maxim Gorki has commenced a series of articles in the Paris "Matin"
on American "Milliardatrcs " In the
first article oi thc series Gorki give*
.1 report of a personal interview he
had with one of these Atlantic magnates.    It was as follows:
"How did you make your money?"
asked  Gorki.
"Very simple." was the reply. "I
own some railroads. The farmer*
grow foodstuffs, which I tanry to
market. I calculate how much of the
selling price it is ncc««»*ry lo leave
the farmer, so that he may not die
of hunger and continue to work. And
1 keep all thc rest. It ig vet>y simple."
Very simple indeed. And the people who cannot see il are more simple still.—-Labor Leader.
Ts*. 839. P.O. Hox, 0.13,
894 namUaem St. . . V*,,<.„(.VM.
Socialist fclsij
mW'a>arf   I ara!   ol th.
Part* of Caaad* shoul.t
*.  .rx   r"n   * ***
ai.oo |y>r mooit
Sacretarta* pi**** note.
ilrlllab Columbia Pruvlmini lu-ruth.
Committee, HoclnlUi Pnrt) at Cam
aea. Meets evrty alternate Ta*>
day. D. C. McKen/n- Secretan
Box 8j6, Vancouver, l:  <
Ooanlralora Ksecatlvo Commltiee, Su.
ctaltst Party or Canada %,,■,
every alternate Tu.-.-Miy j n.
Morgan, fSecraUiry. til Ml:i|rl
Btr**t. Vancouver. It <
lacal Vaamnmvee, No. I, s. i- „• raa>
ada. Buaint*** nm. 1.. «,*-,
Monday evening st i>. ul.-uarlao-
Ir-sleatd* Block. Ill Caml BtrMT,
(room 1. second nun.-) Ktj.-».
lion.il meetings every Hun lay at I
p. m.. lb Sullivan Hall. < ntul
Street. TrsdtrU- I'*rry. K* rata,
Haa aaa, Vancouver, it  r*
Lausl Toronto, g. p. of c—Mm. arc*
ond and fourth Tuasdaya, tkmsim
Headquaitara, 1S&H Qu-i-n suta
Wert. p. rmie, Secretary. 1. Omnj
Street. Jewish Branch m rtse-*t-rj
Sunday night, suite 1,..
Local Winnipeg, S. P. of c. mccti
every first and third SumU* m tit
Voice office builduiR, ji < knf-cn
ave..    at    10.jo a   m Cojoa,
Secretary,    236    Prince.;   Street,
Winnipeg, Man.
Hermon Titus, who was on the
platform committee of the Chicago
convention in 1904, ig now out repudiating the socialization of public utilities, according to newspaper
reports rrf hig speeches in Seattle.—
"Social Democratic Herald," Milwaukee, Wis.
If the editor of the "Herald" were
as accurate ag he is malicious hc
would be a wonder. He is a wonder
as it is, but his talents lie not in the
line of accuracy. Dr. Tittts ig not
"repudiatinK the socialization of public uttlitirs" as all who have read hia
speech as reprinted in this paper
know, hut he is emphatically opposed
lo capitalist municipal ownership, as
tending to make the wage-worker
more and more dependent. Every
time the stale or municipality becomes the employer of wage labor,
such wage labor loses in freedom,
and often suffers material deprivation.
However, were it not for "The Social Democratic Herald" and the
"Weekly People," life would he
robbed of many of its compensations.
-—Caldwell, Idaho, Socialist.
— o
"Times are hard," said the Picked
"Why," said the Rat, "this is an era
of prosperity: see how I have feathered my nest.
"But," gaid lhe Picked Chicken,
"you have gottcr. my leathers."
"You must not think," said the
Rat, "that because I get more comfort you get poorer.''
"But," said tlie Chicken, "you produce no feathers and I keep none—"
"If you would u*e your teeth—"
Interrupted the Rat.
"I—-" said the  Picked Chicken.
"Yon could lay by as much as I
do" concluded thc Rat.
"Without consumers like me," said
the Rat, "there would bc no demand
for the feathers which you produce."
"I       uuitt      unifl      f/l»      n      ^l.n.«..j. "       —■*■*
agreed upon by the inner
plutocrats.     The  Citizen's   h
From the Cleveland Citum
Thr Cni/cn h;i*  re« .. ' 1 mi-.
tion from a ih..i-«iu«li!> rel murce
from  a husines*.  man  int<
the deal   that lhe United " Sled
Corporation   magnate*,   ar.
to control politic*, on a larj-. *.. ile tni
ab-M>lutely. The sih.tiu- is 1 re tat
least remunerative positiot
ployees who refuse to accc|-t the political virw, of thc managctiKiu. aari
if Ihey  persist  in  lluir     1.
discharge the men oatright v«toi
of espionage is being intr««l I ami
every employee'-, view, up
and economic <jiic-.tt.iti-. wi rare-
fully  recorded.    The   milt -fc'm
will also form political tin • ;Hat
arc to beioine marvels ol
in influencing and COfMtrollini iott
of whole communities, espn • tl*
smaller mill towns.   In the
ie«, like Cleveland, PirHlmr, I (>
cago, combinations are to ' nif(l
with other manufacturers fm i11'*
pose of dictating political '
and delivering their  votin,
whatever  candidates  and  1 'rf
in! (il th*
Iwho, by thc way, is ready 1 ;■* .*
hig statement with utlitiipiu l'v"
denre  whenever challcngei!
by thc gteel trust barons) .. '■'■''
present activity of the Unite!
Steel Corporation bosses lo '■'"- •>''"'
• rust agitation and radical w»*« i1*1'
ig sweeping over lhe conn:'- I' ,'
perfectly natural under tii- ""'*■"!
stance* that the industrial cimi ' '"'
go the  limit    with    then H'.1'
schemes  to   ride  upon   the
back*., juat ag thr Russian n '
ig absolutely merciless in il- -
to control the wealth and Ihi ■**• ™
the  Russian  masses.      All 'lf
world the battle is on h--t« "' '"'
robbers and the robbed, ami ' '"
have hut one result, vir , the r " '"
of privilege and the Institution ' "
cial democracy,
0 -
Statistic* of Allegheny county. '''r
for the past year shows  thai    !lllU'
were killed  and  injured  in   '■    ,r"'
and gtccl mills and blast iuri...--c« JV
000.   In other mills, shops ami   '■'•'!['
ics 4,000 were  sacrificed,  win1'    "
coal mines swell this  fiK""   !lV  '
and   lhe   railroad   victims   liiclii«l«* ■
additional 4,300 making up ;i P "'    .
tal of 17,700 who were slaughter*''1 ^
injured in one year.    Of nil !'
juries and deaths in the conn"
year only ninety-two cases can
der the notice of the stale i" '
I   will  vote   for   a  Change,"   said
the Picked Chicken
"Only those who have feathers
should have the suffrage," remarked
the Rat.—Life.
Fifty million dollars is Hie '•'I"'* ''J
thc wealth produced bv  Brtti I' "
!Uffibia last year, says the clai'y 1■"■ ■
What wa* your portion, Mr. N'1**
earner? .,,.,
So long as capital domn'-11''- ;.,.
must work for wages -a men- ''•*   ,
ence—determined by  tne  inn"""
lalK>r-|M>w»r peddlers seekim*   ' I'
■chaser. ii
;^:    • -•■' T "W,TT
i- i   -
Tl-,.Be column* have been placed at
thc. ,iiH|Misal of the Party. Secretaries
of I,.-, uls are requested to tak* ad-
vantaa-* of them In. at Intervals, reporting conditions In their respective
localities. Communications under this
head should be addressed to the Do-
minlon or Provincial Becretarle*. Loral gecretartea are further requested to
IikiK to these columns for announte-
nifiits from the Esecutlve Committees
iiy this means the business of tbe
i'arty will b* facilitated and th* Iio-
ininlon and Provincial secretaries
relieved of a little ot th* Increasing;
burden of correspondence.
Business    Meeting. Oct.   i,  1906
Comrade Pritchard in the chair
Apologist Of Capital Recognizes Necessity of Unity of Forces to Stem
the Tide of Socialism.- Suggestion
Already Acted Upon in Ladysmith
and Newcastle Ridings.—Socialists
Welcome the Fight.
Sayg the Victoria Colonist editorial
ly: It it possible that in lime, and
not improbable, that with the growth
of the labor sentiment that there would
com? to be only two parties, one in
favor of the radical program of legis-
'ation   involved  in  a   labor  platform,
.m waa-mit eum. taw
saasi' a*~ ain
m;.„,.        ./ •— '  • ■-..■*..   ...»._.,,cu  in   a   *auur  piatiorm,
Minutes   of  previous   meeting  read and one opposed to it, a consolidation
In order to afford comrades an
■ iv accesg to standard works on
Socialism, the committee has decided
tu lay in a atock of literature. The
following are on hand and will bc
sent post paid to any address at
price* quoted. Two-cent stamps
mil lie accepted for sums not exceed-
ii .  .5 cent*:
Th* origin of th* Family, (F.
Kngds) ^..
Hn- Social Revolution (Karl
Kautsky)  BO
The World's Revolutions (Ernest   Int.rmann)   50
Hi.' Socialists, who they are
iiml wbnt they stand for,
(.John  Spargo)    f .50
1 in- Evolution of Man (Bolaeha)    .SO
Modem Hortalism (Chas. B.
Vnll) 3fi
Clam Strugk-les in America
' \   M. Himons)  10
The Communist Manifesto,
Karl   Marx    io cents
S'-cialism, Utopian and Sci-
miifir,. Marx &  Eiifels...
V nc.   labor   and   Capital,
and approved
Comrade G Rathiney transferred
membership from Local Winnipeg.
Warrants were ordered drawn as
Rent of Sullivan Hall, Sept. 30. .$3.50
Cleaning headquarters   50
Comrade P.. T. King-ley was eleot-
ed a delegate to the convention to be
held in Nelson Oct. 6.
Comrade Ernest Burns was elected
as chairman of Sunday night's meeting of Oct 7.
Financial Report
Collection, Sunday, Sept.  30 $521;
Lhieg      5.25
Total    $1050
Local Vancouver S. P. of Canada
held its Usual propaganda meeting in
the Sullivan hall nn Sunday evening.
Comrade R. P. Pettipiece was the
speaker of the evening and availed
himself of the opportunity to give a
resume of the work of the Dominion
Trade* and Labor Congress in Victoria la«t week and the attitude of the
Socialist delegates thereto. It was
shown that the usual misleading reports of thc proceedings as they had
to do with the question of Socialism
were made by thc capitalist press.
The  formation  of  an   Independent
Labor Party, especially for the Province of R. C  when Socialist organization is already complete  in a ma-
to cents 'iuri'y °' the constituencies, was flouted by Comrade   Pettipiece as a mis-
Krf   itssT    '—   V"1"W*   B eeni.icafriaK<- of energy and effort, and the
hur    Marx   ............... 5 cents • petdy dralh J ,he vnVmeiy j„{anl
Mission of the Working Class. |was prtdicted. unless indeed it should
■**" 'happen  to develop along  the  line of
Socialism   where   al'.    true    progress
of two opposing interests in which
certain elements of the two existing
parties would unite to oppose that
program. If the labor party hope to
succeed that is thc logical outcome
of the political situation to be created,
and as thc object Of the latter is to
accomplish its ends by whatever would
seem to be the surest means it was for
the leaders to decide whether it
would he better to give their support
in return for considcraion of their
demands or fight for them independently, It is not a matte of sentiment
with them. Their action is determined by consideraions of what
best in  their own interests."
Chas.   Vail
■Mi-m and Farmers, A. M
5cenU leads
Other works procured to order. jn **,<. discussion which
■iddresa the Literature Agent. Dux
te. Vancouver, 11. 0.
Mr. Griffith of the S.
P.  with his
1       • .'nti.ina,     per dosen  $ .85
Mi-inUTshlp cards, each  01
Application blanks    (with plat-*
f..rm)  |*r  JOG  25
The committee being a stockhold-
in    the    co-operative    1 ublighing
use of Chag. Kerr & Co. can pro*
nc literature for the locals at coat
u«.ual want of taste, availed himself
of the privilege of the platform to attack the position of the S. P. according '..j his misconception of that platform. He was answered by Onn-
rades Morgan and Hums and a brisk
discussion closed the very interesting
Campaign fund receipt bookg    are
ready and will bc furnished
at 10 cents each.
Mr. John Walsh, organizer for the
I. W. \V. who is now working in the
city tinder thc auspices of that body,
will be the speaker next Sunday evening in Sullivan hall. Comrade Walter
Thomas Mills follows in the City hall
to  OH Wednesday evening, (be 10th inst.
Hie following sums ha\e Ireem   rc-
• ■■ <-«1  to date:
1I1 nee »n hnnd |23M
'   Wa.le.  Port Harvey    6.0S
Forward all contribution* to
We  have  witnessed   lately   another
fraud   on   the   part  of  the   Czar  and
his   criminal   advisers.     All   over   the
world it was announced that thc Czar
"."has  made  a  munificent  grant of  5,-
*™'. 000.000 arre«  of Crown  lands to the
1 Peasant   Hank  in  order  to distribute
i them amongst  the poor peasants (of
course, not  gratis.)     Let us examine
I this new  move on the part of Russian  autocracy  which  is   intended   to
cheat peasantry, or rather thc public
opinion abroad, by false pretence that
The following amounlg received up'the "Little Father*' has at heart the
ti. date- jweal of "his   peasants.
Iivioualy    acknowledged   ...f 116.80!     Now, one half of the Crown lands
W   .1    Curry «t 50  eligible   for  transfer   to   the   1 casant
    Hank   are   situated  in   three  govern-
Tiitnl 1130 801 ments, those of Samara, Saratoff and
 ' I Simbirsk.     Hesides  these  lands  there
CAlfPAIOW niND arf   a'  prCScat !X  thc  hamh 2.  PC3'
t-ASariUUri runu. | sa)H!i jn -j,,,,-,. -hrcc governments ov-
lt has been decided by the Provincial' r 35,000,000 aacres, ao that the lands
I xecutive to build up a central fund nf ,'■„. hungry peasants will bc in-
'   he used in generally ssiistlng in the j crrasr(|   on|y   i,y about   7   per   cent.
"""'The other half is scattered over a
still greater area, so that there the
peasants will he benefited hy the
grant in a still less degree. And if
we take into consideration that the
greatrr portion of thc Crown lands
is already rented by the peasants (according to M Ernioloff, late minister
of agricultire. in many places over 00
per rent, and in some places even 95
per rent, of the Crown lands are let
to the peasants) we shall sec the
Czar's magnanimous gift amounts to
very little indeed, if it amounts to anything  at   all.
Of course, thc peasants are too
shrewd to bc deceived hy such tricks
as this, but, no doubt, many continental and English speaking peop c after reading about this magnificent
grant will say jo themselves, Oh, .after all, thc Czar is not suchit bad
fellow as he is supposed to bc. —"n.
N   PREEVE in "Justice.
"ining campaign and more, especially
(or the purpose of printing and distn
hnting campaign literature.
All comrades wishing to collect
for this fund should at once apply
to the provincial gecretary for a receipt book. No effort should be
■pared in building up this fund.
The (ollowing amounts received up
to date:
I'ruvluusly acknowledged  $14.50
.1. P BO
Two Clarion *ubs     10°
Total   $16.00
Forward all contributions to
After the great success of Upton
Sinclair in "The Jungle," dealing with
Pack:ngtown, it was only a question
of time, as the greatest tyro, the veriest amateur could have predicted, before other lines of human endeavor
would have some attention paid to
them. Thc New York World has
commenced a crusade against the
Haveaneyer refineries, and as the boys
at the refineries would declare. '"It's
pretty hot stuff." The World declares that the sugar trust slavery of
its men is worse than that of "The
Jungle," that the system of the sweltering refineries makes labor too ignorant to get other employment,' too
underpaid to save, too helpless to organize. Twelve hours is declared
the official day's work. The World
also declares that when a man drops
unconscious in the scorching atmosphere his pay stoys short, that a
reign of tyranny precludes strikes,
that brutality and degradation go to
make up the lump of sweetness you
drop into your coffee. Continuing,
the World says:
"This is a plain story of sugar and
its slaves in New York. They make
that pretty crystal lump of sweetness
which you drop into your morning
cup of coffee. It looks so clean and
seems so par* and white that never
a suspicion arises in the twnd.s of the
taint.' mixed therein and thc horrible
conditions under which it is produced. What really goes to make th'.s
little white lump is:
"One ounce of sugar cane,
"One dash of dirt,
"One pound of flesh,
'One quart of human sweat,
"Twelve hours of slave driven labor.
"One half-starved  family.
"One corrupted United States senate and
"One hundred per cent, trust profit."—Cleveland Citizen.
The Infamous State Constabulary and
Their Dirty Work.
Previously acknowledged $ i(»-°°
<    B, Robelu  *5o
1'iter Anderson    - °°
Wen Simongen   ' °°
Nidg Hansen   • °°
Ktiiicl Hansen    ' °°
NHs C. Nclaen   ' °°
Henry Short, a New York broker
and clubman, got four years and eleven months at hard labor for enticing
yodng girlg into thc clnbrooms, strip.
ping and debauching them and then
'liming them over to the other rich
1'iitles.    The number st«ted to have
The empirc'a first, last, and only
line of defence is-»ts wage slaves
who (oil, sweat and suffer on lhe land
nnd in the industries of the empire
who build and mnn its fleets, who
compose its armies, who produce all
its food, clothing and shelter, whose
toil produceg thc deadly engines pi
war~and who interpose their bodies
between thc owners of the empire and
their foes, who defend everything but
themselves, their wives and children.
This is the only defence which that
stupendous iniquity called ithe empire
has And when the light of Truth
illumines the mind of imperial slavc-
dnm. the slaves, will no >"»F«,> !},*
defenders-biit its owners, its beneft
Only On* Fott* to Beat the Bosses.
"'There is only one force that the
industrial kings and their retainer;
cannot account for in their plans, and
if they could account for it they could
not stem the tide That force is revolutionary Socialism. Socialism is
the only force that offers the working
class any hope to retain political freedom and gain industrial freedom. You
had better wake up, fellow working-
man. If the industrial kings succeed
in perfecting a military power that is
expected to hold you in subjection,
and then deprive you of all legal power to abolish that organization, some
day in the iuttire, when you do wake
up, you will find yourselves bound
hand and foot. Then it will cost sacrifice of life and limb to relieve you of
your bonds. The capitalists have
learned a lesson from Colorado. There
the workers partly awoke before they
were completely bound, and all signs
point to a further awakening. When
you register to vote do so as a Socialist: vote for the only principles that
will abolish not only the Cossacks,
but the cause of rheir existence—cap-
talism."—-The Worker.
Tradc Mark*
Anrnna aa-sdlng • ak*-rfc and iaasitiillon aa.jr
fra-s «hcU---r aa
9 Some who started early are now selling ten
0 copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
9 a copy.    Send to   us  for circulars and wholesale
fb prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
• BOX 2064 NEW YORK. „
• ©
%-deklr aaeariala onr ot-!uK-a	
in.widon-aprubabl-rMianutiiaL  Cum
n.ia.MOctl-rr..na4.<iiUI. HimBOOS oai
. OUIeM acauc-r for saisnlnsja
j takan tht*
-a-setat aartat-a, wMTsos-t
MM fraa. OUIeM aaatirr 1
p-aiaau takan thm-ub Munn * Co. naaava
"  oat ebara*. ta ta*
" ouPatanta
Scientific Anerkai
S sM*lisiiar,slr UtaaU-alad vacktr. "Ura-aat ttr-
aa-satfcm uf aar aetanll*** lpa-nial. Tara»s. tl a
rear: four asoma-a, IL Bold bran a»«s<leal«n.
■UNN & Co^1*-*-»New Tort
nmsSk om*. et t mu *afmmmm, ra. c.
We aoUdt the baahms of MaoaJacturt-rs
CBfrfiM-rrs and othera who Kalize tbe iidvisabil-
i:j of baring- their Patent b-aineaa transacted
by Experts. Preliminary advice free. Chaises
sBodrnlc. Oar Snstlas'a AaMacr aent upon
tw-neat. Tstarion &)i;-,*-ion. New York Life BWjj,
tatouUcal: tuJ Waaliicjioii, U.C, t'.SJL.
^'Ilcn viclims to thig rsprobstc is riv-
;m an over one hnrnJrsd, some otjim |«Hsn«*, •» iffifi^ because man
Wing mere children.   Pour y^r   and wiH Jff^fff^^ back will sec
'•■"■vi-ii  mnnths.    Just  think    of    It.W<MtRa^ano.    ,   *       irc never	
MiKltty lutrkv (or him he W8S nt* a thst   0WW« f°>   «   ,       , ( o(  reildenM |«W9 and    poll    tax    laws
Poor man.   As a tmtlcr of ennosity . meant ,nylluM "^ f       ,aim it fa xvhi,h a((cc, nobody but the working
we would like to know  whether he Slavery..  VnlfH ttinn. 1  _ ■_,__
was a Republicnn or De?mocra*.
After describing several cases of the
inhuman barbarity practiced by the
members of the Pennsylvania state
constabulary, i correspondent of the
Reading "Union Sentinel'' writes as
"'This example, with the recent
blowing up of a house with dynamite,
killing a number of workingmen, and
their record of wounding and murdering men, women and children in recent strikes, assures the capitalist
class that they have an organization
that they can depend upon to commit
the foulest crimes against the working
class should the workers ever dare to
threaten their masters' profits. The
state troops were not 'reliable.' Themselves nearly all working-men, they
are likely to be imbued with working
class principles. Also in times of
peace they arc generally peaceful fel
lows themselves. They could not be
expected to commit the foul crimes or
to incite peaceably inclined strikers to
riot. And the capitalists know that
there are enough moral degenerates
in the world to compose a good-sized
army, who would shoot their own
mothers for sixty dollars a month.
Degenerates in Uniform.
"It is a psychological fact that if
you put a mental and moral degenerate in a uniform and give him unlimited authority you will have a nii>st
arrogant, insolent scoundrel, a being
who thinks he is superior to everything hc sees except the man who
gives him orders. This is the kind of
mortals that the Pennsylvania state
constabulary is made up of. In times
of industrial peace fhey are permitted to practice the outrages described
ahnve to keep them in practice.
"Fellow workingmen, do not believe
those Republican and Democratic candidates who promise to work to abolish rhe state constabulary when they
get into office. When they are elected to office you have no control over
them and they will vote for the interests that pay them. U is common
knowledge that the only thing they
civc he working class after election
is 'the laugh.' THEY created the
Cossacks and THEY will increase
them. While they are being increased
the masters arc scheming to take
away your political power. Long aRO
they have grown tired of the spellbinders, ward heelers and labor fakirs who demand fat plums and lots
of graft for seeing that thc workers
vote 'right.' They would have already
taken thc franchise from the workers
if they had been sure that it would
not cause a revolution.    To hamper
vou in voting they already have made
,,.        >aws
For the
Having been authorized by
tie pybl shers of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at tbe
regular rate $1.00 per year
and apply one ball ot all Money
received to tbe Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to ne. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not lets than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 030, Vancouver, B. C.
Vany complaints sre reaching this
office from subscribers wbo fail to get
their papers. In some Instances there
sre severs! complaints from tbe same
locality. As every subscriber's name
sad the number or paper with which
hi* subscription expire* are kept continually In type tM tbe mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
correction*, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the rrequency or
these complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty or reprehensible laxity In the
performance or their duties, even IT
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers or tbe Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
wbo does not receive his paper to 1
promptly notify this office. Hissing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition in the future.
Tlie iiultli.iiii.iii ot pertodical-i of
every description is a specially with
Thi* "Clarion." Tt-k-pliouc or write
for otiiiijil.**. Every facility for such
work, ami pi-oni-itne-**. and awU-rfacUon
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
by buying thtf
reliable, honest,
high grade i
fag machine.
National Sewing Machine Co*
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
|    Victoria   Advertisers    |
o o
G  A. OKELL, Manager
Bread aud Cakes delivered to any
part of the City. You can always
depend upou our bread. Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
'and wi<l«.-
-Edward Carpenter.
Do you kaow w* sell from 10 to 3B
carats cheaper than our eaaapeUtars.
ron -a. o*sxjs.stc>*sb
71 GtvtnaMt ttrsst, VWsrls. I. C
Msaatacisrtr al
; U. • Csstra It.
■whnt tho Party Is doing on the Pacific
Coast of the  United Statea,
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socinlist Party and By the
Socialist Party."
Ten MWks, ten cents; one yosr, 50 cl*.
United Hatters of North America
When yc u are buying* a WR HAT se* to It
that the Uenuln* Union Label I* sewed in It If
a retailer has loos* labels In his possession and
offers to put on* In a hat for you, do not patronls*
him. Loose labels In retail store* are counterfeit*.
The genuine Union Label Is perforated on four
edges, exactly ths same ss a postage stamp. Counterfeits are i om* times perforated on three edges,
and some t me* only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOFFITT, Prealdent, Oralis*, N. 9.
MAKT1N U1WLOR. Hecretary, 11 Wavariy PUoa,
\       Maw Tork. .   ,,
® Edited by R. P* PErHPlECE. tn whom all ooi-rwfionilcnce for this dopnrtinont should l» itildrcssexl. ff
Trades and Labor Congress Declares
Utmost Confidence' and Fidelity in
Brothers   Haywood,   Moyer   and
Pettibone.—Will Assist in Bringing
the Real Criminals to Justice.
"Whereas this Congress, in'convention assembled, affiirms its allegiance
to and support of the international
solidarity of the working classes,
Therefore be it resolved that we declare our utmost confidence and fidelity in brothers W. D. Haywood, Chas.
H. Moyer and J. Pettibone, officers of
the Western Federation of Miners,
v/ho are still held in jail at Boise,
Idaho, without trial; and we pledge
ourselves to render the Western Federation of Miners every assistance in
our powed to bring the real criminals
to justice.
And be it further resolved that copies of this resolution be forwarded
to the entire labor press; to the Governor of Idaho, Judge Smith of Idaho, and to the presiding officers of the
Western   Federation  of   Miners."
This was concurred in unanimously.
The following resolution was passed
at the Victoria session by trade-
unionists representative of all Canada:   '
"i. That the organized workmen of
Canada desire to see Canada peopled
by a free, enlightened, moral, energetic and law-abiding class of citizens,
and recognize that this can only be
by the influx of immigration from
other countries.
"2. That this influx sihould be the
spontaneous movement of the immigrants themselves, and in this regard
we declare against any system of as
sisted immigration or the granting of
bonuses   for  that  purpose.
"3. That while every regard should
be had for the welfare of those who
seek our shores that the first consideration should be the welfare of the
Canadian people and the betterment
of our common country and that this
consideration requires the exclusion of
certain nationalities and classes of
people who either by temperament,
non-assimilative qualifications, habits,
customs or want of any permanent)
good which their coming brings to
us, are not a desirable acquisition to
our citizenship.
"4. That amongst the classes that
are not desirable acquisitions we include Chinamen, Hindus and all other
Asiatic peoples.
"5. That while the Canadian government has, by the imposition of a $500
poll tax, given its endorsation to our
views so far as the Chinese are concerned, we desire to say that an impartial investigation by officials of the
government would disclose the fact
that the vast majority of Hindus now
arriving in Canada are by reason of
venereal and other uiseases, absolutely unfitted to be allowed into this
country, and that by reason of practices obtaining among Hindus as a
people they should be altogether excluded from Canada, apart from the
fact that their presence among us
must necessarily tend. to lowter the
standard of living among the working
elements of Canada."
The legislative committee, in addition, recommended that the incoming
executive take up with the Dominion
government all the matters contained
in the resolution.
The Congress solicitor pointed out
the reasons for which immigrants may
be debarred from entering Canada,
and stated that the officials had the
power to prevent Hindus or any other
immigrants suffering from disease.
Mr. Alphonse Verville, M. P., president of the Dominion Trades Con-.
gress, denied emphatically, on the
floor at the recent convention, that he
had said the Appeal to Reason deser-
to be  excluded from the mails.
British Columbia has 7,000, miles of
coast line teeming with fish.
British Columba has 1.560,830 acres
of  lakes.    There  are  fish  in  all    of
The whole of British Columbia,
south of 52 degrees and east of the
Coast range, is a grazing country up
to 3,500 feet and a farming country
up to 2,500 feet.—Prof. Macoun.
In Nfw British Columbia there are
6,500,000 acres of first-class land open
for settlement.
Coal mining has heen carried un in
British Columbia gince 1835. It is going on yet, the production every year
growing larger than iver.
British Columbia, to the end of
■90S* produced 22,627,330 tons of coal
and 1,104,648 tons of coke. The latter is a comparatively new product.
British Columbia has produced placer gold to the value of $70,000,000.
In 1005 the canneries of British
Columbia packed 1,167,460 cases ol
salmon, valued at $5,750,000. Over
11,000,000 salmon were caught to fill
the 50,000,000 cans put up.
The total harvest British Columbia
gathered from the sea last year is
valued at $6,930,000. It consisted of
salmon, halibut, cod, smelts, ollachans,
oysters, crabs, lobsters, prawn,
shrimps mussels clam.s and many
other varieties of edible fish.
British Columbia mills cut 437.7' 3."
986 feet of lumber during 1905. This
would build a three-foot sidewalk
around the earth. The production for
1906 will be 750,000,000 feet.
There are 182,754,560 acres of timber land in British Columbia. The
timber on the stump is worth at least
(Continued from Page One.)
tho Axoertean
(Continued from Page One.)
Splendid Opportunity   for   Single
Taxer* in Britiah Columbia.
Theere are 250,000,000 acres of land
in British Columbia, more than 1,000
for every man, woman and child in
tbe province at present—Daily Press.
The lode mines of British Columbia
have produced gold to the value of
$36,585,058 since 1893, the first year of
Silver was first mined in British
Columbia in 1887. Since that time
the product has been 4I,2Oj3„305
ounces  valued   at  $23,688,688.
Since 1893 British Columbia has
produced over 390,000,000 pounds of
lead, valued at over $14,750,000.
Copper mining started in British
Columbia in 1894. Since then over
200,000,000 pounds have been produced.   Its value is $27,258,013.
Up to date $250,000,000 would not
purchase the minerals produced by
British Columbia.
Besides supplying the home market,
British Columbia exported $2,000,000
worth of butter and eggs last year.
British  Columbia is  ten times    as
man, souievvhut Imld, like many of
us. He lifted bis Hat to us aud some
others, uud smiled, quite automatically as we tliougnt, but appeared
otherwise Bane und sensible. Tho
crowd where wu stood was thin and
in no degree responsive, so we were
bound to ultrioutt- iiis exuberant
urbanity to a nuturul amiability or
some loreigu or olliciul habit. Following the carriage of the exciting
cuuau was a straggling and motley
throng iu a kind of procession order; not as interesting as a circus
show, nor, of course, as orderly, but
quite, nuy more icursouic. ilressed,
some in bed spreads, in the skins of
beasts, in kilts, in horse-collars ironed Hat. J-'iuiu the vust und trackless ste|j-jcs> of ljulu Island came
cowboys astride tneir pedigreed cuy-
useu. Tooling ur grunting uuto curs
tilled with rotund uud euj-t-i' louking
real estate sharks, and other prosperous and predatory citizens. .Limbs
of thu law und the gospel, with a
pinch or sample oi everything that
goes to make uigli society. Ul
course there wus the military, ubout
two companies ol ratner lumeiuic
looking boys anil youths, not grenadiers by any meuns, but no doubt
the best our local garrison could
supply. There were other -.-.range
looking lay and ununuted ligures,
but as it was doubtless seen of many
citizens, seen too without • liu.'ge of
any kind, enough of the ir living
show. Along mat portion if the
route traversed by us we noticed
here and there on the store fronts
of ultra patriotic, or shall we say
l'hilistinish citizens, a liberal Conservative display of cheap-jacks, by
which we mean a long narrow web
of handkerchiefs printed with tho
Uritish Jack instead of a polka dot
or other design; allenuuU-d cotton
patriotism at about eight cents per
yard. Uf the many ricn and stately
arches erected by the white aud
Christian citizens west of thc great
divide at Cambie street, we say nothing. We did not see them; A.tu the
rich silken bunners und other manifestations of opulent loyalty they
would, doubtless reilei.au somelwhat
the situation. Wo only saw the
i'agan Arch on Hustings east, and it
seemed to uh the saving grace of the
East side.
Returning for u moment to the
psychological aspect of the subject,
we would ask in all seriousness to
whut age or stage in human history
did we slump on Tuesday? Would
the old Greeks of Europe or Ionia
have tolerated such a spectacle? Can
we imagine tho Moors of Granada or
Cordova lolopping along to a festival in such shambling gracelessness?
We cannot. We must go behind
barbaric and classic times for a
parallel, and look even there in
vain, ln the barbaric display of the
long pust, the symbolism, deep and
full of meaning, the richness and
beauty of "all" the appurtenances
and the statoly order raised the
show to a plane, intellectual and
esthetic, impossible in an age and a
community whose social horoscope
is drawn b.v 100,000 boosting club
und whose puis.- is regulated by
bunk clearings. No, in reality we
did not slump, we only revealed ourselves, our true selves. The show
watt worthy of our day and generation, that is to say it was tawdry
and vulgar. To lie made the victtai-
in-chlef of such functions and exhibitions an hnve lieen worked off in
Vancouver this week deserves tho
liberal salary paid together with the
sympathy of all thoughtful citizens.
Ours,  the product of our own Grey
I would make it easy for
i plutocrats  to  buj   ttp enough  of the
! political and Jouriuilistlo mlsloadoTS
'of opinion to favor annexation just
so soon  as  thoy   consider   it   worth
(while to do so.   Opinions are always
j a  commodity  in  the  m-trket   under
[the capitalist   system.     Annexation
sentiments  will   bo just  ns  n.uch in
vogue  ns  Imperialism  now   Is   with
the  trilie  of   literary hirelings    and
parasites  ns     soon as they   become
equally profitable.
Socialists can afford to regard the
whole business with amused equanimity. All capitalist governments
and their flags look alike to us. aud
if annexation takes place the Canadian worker who wakes up some
moiring and sees the Stars and
Stripes flaunting whero the Union
Jack used to flap will be in no worse
case than hundreds of thousands who
have had to cross the line in search
of work denied them by their native
country. "Labor is of no country"
and should know no nag but the Red
Flag. But annexation is coming unless all signs fail. The people who
own the lands, factories, mines and
railroads—and thc American capitalist is getting more of them into his
hands every day—are going to run
thc country. The utter venality and
lack of principle on the part of most
of the so-called Imperialists combined with the purblind stupidity of the
more sincere element among them,
who don't realize how things are
drifting will make it possible for a
few resolute and energetic agitators
with money to burn to precipitate
the crisis. When it comes it will
probably be a good thing for the
cause of Socialism as it will bring
us in closer affiliation with the main
movement on this continent and go
far to obliterate the national jealousies and supposed causes of antagonism that have tended to keep the
Canadian and American working
class apart  from ench other.
(Continued from Page One.)
And yet it must bc said that it requires a certain sjtrain upon the ordinary usagt* of words, to describe
such teaching as "honest." A capitalist might conscientiously hold that
low wages, long hours, child labor,
unguarded machinery, the open shop,
unrestricted output, and Chinese immigration arc all for thc best interests of the state. They are, or arc
conceived to be, for his own best interests; and identifying his own interests with those of society at large,
as he generally does, it is entirely
possible Uiat he should sincerely hold
to such antisocial views. The mass
of capitalists, in every decade of the
last century, bitterly fought the state's
increasing assumption of control over
industry in behalf of the helpless; did
it, as they are doing it today, with
candor and sincerity, with a belief that
tbe special interests of business were
the most vital interests ot society,
and .that therefore they were to be
fostered, even though human lives
were snuffed out by the thousands
in all the mines and workshops' of the
But the minister, the teacher, or the
writer professes a social service. He
assumes an attitude beyond and above
the special interests of class. Rightly, it may be said that it is to his economic interest to preach and teach
the special ethics of the traders-, that
tht good jobs go to those who arc
most eloquent, insistent, and thorough-going in expounding such ethics, while the poorer jobs or no jobs
at all go to those who are most back
ward or slow-witted in such exposition. But for all that ,such teaching
is a contradiction oi hig professed
mission. Tis tacit contract w'th society obliges him to serve as a disseminator of learning, or as a stimulator of social virtues. Generally hc
is a man of education and experience.
He has eaten of the tree of knowledge, and knows, or ought to know,
good from evil. When, therefore, he
serves merely as a reflector of upper-
class ethics, as an encourager of profit-hunger and a suborner of treachery and betrayal among the working
class, he perverts his contractual function to society.
In every age he has, as a general
thing, discharged just this subservient class function. Whatever -the
form of his religious or philosophical
creed, he has moulded his hortatory
ethics to the fashion of the special
requirements of the dominant class.
In particular times, when great social
and industrial movements making for
revolutionary changes in conditions
have been under way, the conduct of
this group has sometimes borne the
appearance of wholesale prostitution.
Let one take, for instance, the well-
known period of agitation for the education and factory acts in England.
The rise of the manufacturing Inter
large as Kngland, with one-twentieth I matter and tender heart, is tendered' csts brought forth a swarm ot ccon
ists, the gcbita\ mass of whose leaching-, was a pure reflex of the code developed by the factory lords.   Though
the unspeakable horrors of factory life
at the time were known far and wide,
the instructors of the people were almost a unit against interference, and
it was only through tlie intervention
of the landed aristocracy, a class jealous   of  the   manufacturers,    that    a
change was brought abou.   The economists, whom Sadler, thc Tory leader, described as "the pests of society
and  the  persecutors  of    thc    poor,'
were nearly all, with the exception of
Malthus and McCuIloch, bitterly hostile to the factory act.   It was Nassau
W. Senior, the first professor of political economy  at Oxford,  who discovered, in i«j6, for the benefit of the
Manchester manufacturers,    that   all
factory profits were made in the last
hour  of the  working day;  and  riiat
the reduction of thc day (then eleven
and a half hours long) by this   one
hour would paralyze the great industries of England.   The list of publicists  who opposed  these  humane and
necessary  acts  includes  Bright, Cob-
den,  Bowring, Roebuck and    Joseph
lliune.    Even so just a man as John
Stuart  Mill,  though hc could   recognize thc pressure of upper-class morality on the subordinate classes, was
himself sufficiently under the spell tO
ippo.se thc factory acts except as to
the provisions relating to children.
The vicars of the lowly Nazarcnc
were, for the most part, in the satin
das;.. Certain of the High Church
clergy spoke out for the factory victims, but thc evangelicals, non-coin-
formists, and the independents generally sided with the factory lords.
"Shaftesbury complained that he
could not get the evangelicals to take
up the factory movement. Tbey had
been the mainstay of the anti-slavery
moveiiit-nt, but they did not setm to
bc troubled about white slavery. The
reason, no doubt, was obvious: the
evangelicals were mainly of the middle class, and class prejudices were
too -strong for the appeals to religious principles."
A like attitude, a reflex of the upper-class attitude, was taken by tbe
great mass ol thc instructors of the
public dur.ng the early period of thc
movement for an education act. Here,
however, the Utilitarian economists
were at loggerheads with tbe other
publicists. For while they could look
philosophically upon the worse than
Herodian slaughter of the innocents
in thc factory, they could yet stand
for certain provisions for the education of the masses. But the non-Utilitarian publicists wire for the most
part antagontsic, and though the
Whitehead bill was introduced in i8o7,
it was not until after the Reform Bill
(1832) that even thc beginnings of
national aid in education could be carried against this oppostt on, and not
until 1870 that anything approac'.ting
an adequate act was passed. The distinguished clergyman and educator,
Dr. Andrew Bell, could write in explanation of tbe plea that the White-
bread bill was not revolutionary or
"It is not proposed that the children of the poor be educated in an
expensive manner, or even taught to
write and cipher. . . . There is a
risk of elevating, by an indiscriminate education, the minds of those
doomed to the drudgery of daily labor above their condition, and ther.*-
by rendering them discontented and
unhappy in their lot. It may
suftice to teach thc generality, on an
economical plan, to read their Bibles
and understand the doctrines ol our
holy  religion."
Thc famous writer and cleric, Hannah Morc-j considered a radical in her
day, also illustrates the temper of her
class by her declaration that " she
wished the poor to bc able to read
their Mil,l.-s and to bc qualified for
domestic duties, but not to write or
to bc enabled to read Tom Paine, or
be encouraged to rise above their position." And the great literary light
of the Whigs, Ur. Parr, argued "that
the poor ought to be taught, but admitted that thc enterprise had its
limits. The 'Dicty Himself had fixed
a great gulf between them (selves)
and the poor'."
All this was of Kngland, says the
patriotic American, and did not and
could not have happened in our land.
True; but if the exhortations of the
earlier American preachers and publicists reveal less opposition to factory acts than did those of their English contemporaries, it is for the excellent reason that there were lessor no factories. And if again they
were more favorable to popular education than were their English con
temporaries, it was ..because, among
other . Things, the weaker organization of industry in America did not
necessitate, or seem to necessitate,,
thc existence of a large class of illiterate and helpless proletarians. The
peculiarly individualistic structure of
American industrial society in thc earlier days, wherein every unit was a
possible competitor with every other,
made thc equipment of at least a mod_
erate education a valuable asset both
to the individual and the nation. The
ruling class, who at first were the
landed aristocracy, and at a later time
a junta of tradesmen and planters saw
no particular harm, and perhaps some
good, in education for the masses,
and (at least after Jefferson's time)
did not generally oppose it; and the
instructors of the people, under no
spell of adverse influences from
above, for the time maintained a true
social service and heartily supported
universal education.
The first factory reform agitation
in the United States was coincident
with the working-class movement,
roughly from 1826 to 1834* Tt received no aid whatever, so far as is now
known, from the class persons here
designated as social servants. The
movement of 1841-1848, however, was
led by certain members, of this class.
It began in a blaze of sentiment, and
died out when that sentiment was
extinguished. It marked the one time
in thc history of our people when a
considerable number of the class of
social servants allied themselves open-
Walter Thos. Mills
of the population.
1 herewith.
City Hall
Wed., Oct. lOth,
8 P. M.
Under the Auspices of .Local Vancouver
Socialist Party of Canada.
Tuesday Oct. 9.
— i-Koitrr balks — quick kkh m
Cor. Abbott <&. Cordova Bts. Old Co*. Building.
Stores— i.$7
St. E.
and  Ij8 Cordova
J Hardware, Junk and Furniture.  ;
rVHsM 1S7»       Yaacsavor, • 6   J
: Second Hand Dealer
Cook    Stoves   snd   Tools   a i I
We hnv«- a Urge quantity of
glass fruit jars fur sale. Pints,
AOc |ier down ; quarts, 00c ;
and a qunrtfl. 70c.
tactical meet
that Sake
llaiiri-Miuk llo.il. ami Miora lo ortkr In
alt alylca.   Krpairinjr |*.<**ii|.lijf and neatly -tout.     MoeW  uf ataplc   mui-* nia.lt*
Miora alwaya ,.u ha-xt.
MM <
Hlnjtlr     roples.
copies,  **» emta:   14 e*>t>l«
cents;   *10    coplea   11.oft,
copies and  over.   2  ..-nts
Thwae rats-a Include postsft
to any part of Canada oi thi1
United Kingdom.
i. j* ♦
per f
"The Western Clarion"
AiuioTT  sniE-rr.
Hi* Clasa liar.       RneHenl it"™'*
V.\VR   OPKN   DAY   AND   M<;IIT*
l-rk-t-e Mcak-raii-.
f"-.-.-.-.-. * *■.■*..
A cheap way of heating an isolated room, (or any mom ■"' "'"'
matter) Is Iiy the ltateus Heater, which uses gns (or furl
This Heater Is gotten up in the shape of a grille fire, hut ""'
gim lugs are filled with water. After the water Is boated lhej»i
Is turnoil Almost off and the hot water throws off a eoffftfortslilo.
oven hont. at n  v«>ry  low cost.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
milliliters, and other  public- ly and enthusiastically with thc cause
of the workers. If in any time when
the issue was sharply defined they
have stood, as a class, lor neither
workers nor employers, but for an
ideal embracing the interests of all society, Ihe precise period is not ascertainable. In practically all times thc
natural promptings arising firom the
nature of their function have been overborne by thc pressure of ruling-
class influences.
In this day one may inerrantly
prophesy what theme will nextt be
heard dominant in the chorus arising
from pulpit, chair, and sanctum, by
learning what thing it is that the
'railing class next demands for the
protection or fostering of its interests. Thc righteousness of the open
shop, thc injustice of the union label,
the moral heroism of the "scab,"
though occasionally voiced by some
of thc more pronounced retainers,
were unapprehended contepts to the
average publicist until recently point
ed out to them by the rnantifs**,u''
ers. The lawlessness of cspit.il "•.'*'
ery phase of its activity, (Ac partie*
lar lawlessness and brutality now i»
valent in Colorado, arc clothed -nj
impenetrable veil to the eyts "' ' ..
"safe" preacher, thc "conservatti"
economist, and the "sane" press
ter; but thc slightest infraction
law by a striking workman
by them as with an X-ray.
tins   type   ol   social   serial
minister,  teacher,  or  writer   i< '"
one whose contractual function '«■»
cicty is usually, though n* " *'' .
bly, perverted to a special claM". »
vice.   He may be "honest," in tl». •
Willi' d*
I. M
follows his economic interci
the members of other classes
that he constantly aiwme" ■'
attitude and at the same (m11
a subservient class function,  "' '" '
the beat a contradiction, ami »', '
worst—let us say, a charlatan •
Mass and Clas* by VV. J  «'l""<


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