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The Western Clarion Apr 6, 1907

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«»«•   419,
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, April 6. 1907
'«  $ lonithwaite's Resolution Re Better Terms Choked Off
f n a Technfcalky-~Sociaiists Refuse To Vote on
Motion—University Bid and Other Matters.
(>m uf the events of last week in
thr local House was undoubtedly
Preniicr McBride's resolution on
better u■mis and the debate that followed, 'Hie resolution was a very
J.^fij' "iu'. but in brief it simmered
down *o three proposals, ilu- first
*a> lhat the House endorse with-
..«•[ am reservation whatever the
Premiers actions at Ottawa in re-
f»_r<i to this nutter; thc second repeated his demand for a commission of inquiry to come to the pro-
vincc and make inquiries to deter-
irim what thc compensation for
British Columbia should bc; and
thc third asked that copies of the
ro lutiou Ik- forwarded Ed the Gov-
tnti-r-Gcncral to lie transmitted to
tbe (olonial Secretary in Loudon,
Engl n 1. The jiosition taken by
lhe Nxrialists was that while they
•freed with thc demand for a com-
r>-. ii of inquiry, they refused to
and not another, and this shut him
off from discussing it in that way.
If the Speaker decided in that way
there would Ik- some fine fun in the
House before thc end of the session with different resolution?
along that line.
The Speaker: "I rule that tht
resolution as proposed by the Hon
member is out of order."
Mr. Hawthornthwaite asked ir
that case if hc might speak on the
motioa, and leave was readily
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said this
resolution was a matter of great importance and it would not be doing
justice to it to let it pass without
saying something more upon it.
W bile admitting its importance hc
said that so far as he and his colleagues were concerned thev were
there for the purpose of securing
liettcr terms for the working class,
torJor« all the actions' of Premier j and Hon. members on the other
'! Ilride at the Ottawa conference.* s,Jc of thc Hoi,sc «** shown that
The delate was ripened by the
Premier on Monday afternoon in
so far as they were concerned they
did not propose to give better terms
iH-cech of remarkable exhaustive-1 *° ,hesc .;eoplc. ••> sP'tc of that
«** which prettv completely cover- j lh<- Socialists would not recipro-
edever) phase of the subject, andicatc ******* a Mli»S but would en-
vn on the whole an able defence j *WW to heap coals of fire on
ci Ins own course. > l'lc'r beads so that in future if the
J. A. Maedonald, the Leader of! France Minister had a chance to
Ibe (*|iiiosition. followed in a f-pcech \,Kiuht *« writing class he might
taorc tl.tqucnt than is usual with   ,H' g^d to do so.
him.   lie declared lhat there   was:     This question of taxation was of
nothing to arbitrate; and while dot  lmlt" ********** lt' "ic working class
HI  ! to accept the oiler drawn! S<'"rally, as they did not pay the
up b\ I'rcmitr Whitney of $100 -   ****-*>* wl,,ch ***** lakcn out of ,hc
'  ear for ten year* in satufac-   »-«™W °« w,,ich ,,1C> *** 'eg-«.v
' toMxd    by     the capitalist   class.
There was, however, one class of
workers who might benefit indirectly through better terms, and
thCM were the small farmers, for
whom he and his colleagues had
recently tried in vain to secure
tome exemption under the Assessment Act.
He was not altogether satisfied
with the position taken by the mem
'"HI .1  \
tion of all the claims of the pro-
unc-, he jet refused to endorse the
Premier's course. At the same
time while sharp in attack he had
no solution of his own to offer.
-He moved an amendment to strike
wit all the words calling on the
House to endorse the Premier's ac-|
lion, but at thc same time recog-
nizc<l the inadequacy of the offer
nu<k bv thc conference
ti    ____.   i___   i   ber for Ross antl, who had pointed
Tlie debate was verv protracted  "°  ' * .    ,':,...„
,„• , J '    l_i i irt  out that the fact that the prov met
inil an evening session w as held to ■
finish i*^_^_^^^^^^^^^^^—
Evening Sitting.
At the opening of thc evening
•asKX* Mr. Hawthornthwaite rose
tad moved seconded by Mr. Parker
Williams, that the resolution before the House be    amended   by
'. after "that the House endorse
'he course taken bv the Hon. Rich*
»'<• McBride, Premier of British
pays mote into the Dominion treas
r.rv thnn she receives from it did
not altogether entitle her to better
terms. Another thing in which he
disagreed with the gentleman was
in his criticism of the aetions of
the I'remier at the Conference. He
t thought that with the Leader
Iriking out all the words in Section | oHbe (ip'jiosition's well known love
of constitutional methods, he would
have rejoiced lo hear the Premier
• rll of the dignity with which he
Columbia at thc said conference." had acted. Ot course they would
The words to be stricken out lieing not expccl the Premier to act other-
"•n retpeUt to all the foregoing | wise. It WM ■ kf* ,1,al hoav:v
described actions." bodies BWV*d   »H>wly   an!'   w"h
The Shaker said that in view weight, and it was gratifying that
0-the fact that a somewhat similar the Hon. gentleman when he ieit
amm.!,,lent by the member from the Conference had not kicked over
lowland (Mr. McDonald) bad al- the chairs and tables, and the)
ready been voted on, this amend* j could well imagine that had lie
m''nt was out of order, since it pro- been amused to such fury as to
P°red to strike out words that the wipe the floor with the remains oi
K«i»c had already decided should Ihis brother Premiers he would stui
stand as part of the resolution. It j have done it in a digmncd waj
should have properly been brought (Laughter.)
1,1 « an amendment to the amend- lie found front statistic:,it at
mt""t of thc member for Rossland. I since Confedctation tins provi «
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said it was! had contributed the enormous sum
•JUitc impossible for him to intro-
*>ee it in that way. It might
gratify the members opposite to
have it ruled out of order in this
**y. but he hoped the Speaker
Would ont see it in that light.
. jne Speaker said he was only
'"lowing the practice of the House.
wnich decided that a subject hav
jnK been voted on once should noi
* v,nf<*d on again, otherwise discussion would be interminable.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said he
,ho"Rht lhat position a most extra-
ordinary one. He might wish to
"'dorse one part of thc resolution
■{557,000,000 to
md had
the    Dominion
only    received
$:18, i,000 in  return,' which  left
$9,000,000 which had not been relumed. Had the Premier done full
justice to the claims of British Columbia he would have demanded at
that Conference that every cent of
that $10,000,000 should bc returned
to British Columbia. It had been
shown quite clearly that the cost of
Government In this country was
necessarily about three times a>
much as in any other province.
()ur revenue per capita was three
or four times greater than in any
other province, and our expenditure
was three or four times as great
also. They heard a great deal of
complaint about the Chinamen taking out money from the country,
and though these complaints were
just, he was still quite satisfied that
the Chinamen had not taken out
one-tenth as much money from the
Province as had the Dominion
Government since Confederation.
So far as the B. N. A. Act went,
its provisions had never lieen carried out. The British Government
had promised under that act to
make Esquimalt a pern anient naval
station. Settlers had also been
openly ejected from their lands on
Vancouver Island in defiance of the
terms of union, which declared
these lands should be only set aside
for pre-emptors, and section after
section had been violated. ,
"So far as we are concerned,"
said Mr. Hawthornthwaite, "we do
not believe in navies, or in keeping
large bodies of men armed to tlie
teeth for the purpose of murdering
their fellow men, the working, men
particularly, We do not believe in
training men to kill each other.
.Nevertheless if the B. X. A. Act
promised that the naval vessels
should be maintained at Esquimalt
the promise should have been kept
and certainly these poor squatters
should not have been ejected from
the lands which they had been at
such labor to make their own.
.At present the Province had become aroused to this question of
Ixtter terms, and within the limits
described by himself he was quite
in sympathy with the Premier anil
his colleagues, but so far as the
methods employed went hc did not
altogether approve of the stand taken by the Premier.   The Leader of
the Opposition had also criticised
him severely, but had shown no
solution of this problem. Speaking
personally for himself Mr. Ilawth
ornthwaite said hc did not know of
any way in which they could obtain
better terms except in proceeding
on the lines of a committee of investigation as suggested by the Premier. At the same time he did not
think that the House should be ex
pected to endorse all the peculiar
actions and antics of that gentleman
at Ottawa, and he did not think he
could ask members of the Opposi
tion side of the House whether
Liberals or Socialists to do that
According to the Speaker's?" deci;
sion they had either to support the
resolution as a whole or vote
against it. The Socialists would
not be placed in such a position by
that decision and when it came to a
vote they would either vote against
the resolution or retire from the
House to show that they were not
in entire accord with the Premier's
attitude in this matter.
Question was called and just as
the Speaker's bell rung, Hon. Mr.
McBride rose to speak again.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite promptly
rose to a point of order. The bell
had rung, the Premier had lost his
right to speak again. If the rules
of the House were to be enforced
against him, he insisted that they
should also be enforced against the
Hon. Mr. McBride said it was
always the privilege of the mover
of a resolution to close the debate
As a matter of fact he was on his
feet just as the Speaker touched the
(Continued on page three.)
Some of the Events Occurring In the  Various Countries
Where Capital Holds Sway—The Brutalizing Effects of
the Present System Everywhere In Evidence.
In Gravina a peaceful demonstration against various acts of the
Government was attacked in the
most unprovoked manner by the
police and thirty of them wounded.
The deputies, Turati and Morgari,
have been told off to question the
Government on the question. It is
to be feared, however, that the
mere answering of questions in the
Chamber presents no great difficulty to the Government especially
when questioned by deputies, such
as Turati, who devote most of their
energy to combating revolutionar-
i*.m in our midst. The only effect
tbat our questions can have arise-,
from the feeling that a revolutionary party is standing behind them
and is ready to back up its words
with deeds, but when the representative of that party has declared in
advance that for him the thing ends
with a speech or two it naturally
loses much of its force. The only
hope then lies in the mass of the
party coming to see where their interest lies ami that they must take
an active mitre.1.*, in the matter and
make their influence really felt.
* * * »
Roman Morales, editor of the
"El Obrero Socialist*," of Gualala-
jara, is now in prison. While carrying on a vigorous Socialist propaganda he managed to offend the
Government and imprisonment followed as a result.
*    *    *    *
The 18th of March was thc anniversary of the proclamation of tlie
Commune in Paris. But even
though ihis occurred 86 years ugo
it evidently still frightens the
wealthier classes.    Prince Buelow
the other day in the Reichstag told
the members .that the Commune had
had Archbishop Darboy shot, but as
a matter of fact it did nothing of
the sort. But the government of
M. Thiers was responsible, for the
murder of women and children after the fall of .the Communej and
the middle classes then showed
themselves to bc entirely without
Fatal riots occurred last week in
connection with the strikes of the
employes of the sugar, leather and
boot factories at Belgrade. As
blacklegs were on their way to the
factories the police escort fired on
the strikers, killing five and wounding twenty. The killed were taken
to the cemetery for burial, followed
by the strikers, and it is stated that
the latter on passing the Skypsh-
tina made an attempt to carry the
bodies into the Chamber, where M.
Laptsevitch, a Socialist deputy, was
interpellating the Government on
thc strike itself. Things looked so
ugly for a space that M. Laptsevitch had himself to come out and
appeal to them to disperse. It was
necessary to call out the military to
restore order.
I *   •*.   *   n*
A workingman at Stepney, England, about whose age considerable
difference of opinion was displayed
at the inquest on Saturday, was
shown to have died of heart failure
accelerated by want. The doctor
said the deceased was in a terribly
neglected condition.
*    *    *    *
Rumours are afloat on the South-
Eastern and Chatham Railway
system that the services of some
(500 men will shortly bc dispensed
Does Business Merely for the Accomodation of His Patrons
and Not for the Purpose of Accumulating Worldly
Possessions In His Own Behalf.
Our home merchant takes the
farmer's produce. With them he
finds a ready market for his butter and. eggjS, Jiis potatoes and apples. These department stores take
only his money. Our home merchants, not for profit, but for accommodation and to assist the farmers, buy his produce. They sell
it in some cases for less than they
pay for it and handle it at a loss,
yet some farmers do not appreciate
this and take this very same money
and send it to a department store
when they could get better bargains   right   at   home.—Bancroft
*   «  •   *
The above, taken in connection
with the report of R. G. Dun & Co.,
showing an increasing number of
business failures, sounds like the
last yelp of a dying dog. Who
ever thought that the farmers were
such thick-headed "chubbers" and
so heartless withal! Such benevolence on the part of our home merchant ought to penetrate the thickest hide and compel those farmers
to a realization that our petty merchant is not in the business for profit but merely to assist his customers, and then to turn tbeir money
away to department stores when,
with their usual philanthrophy, the
home merchants have "better bargains" at home. Forgive them,
kind merchant, they know not what
they do! Thou knowest it is better to give than to r» ceive.
The departmental stores and the
great daily papers are fast putting
the small merchants and country
weekly papers out of business. With
modern mail facilities the average
farmer can have a daily paper in
which he not only has the ad. of the
departmental store, but he also has
a summary of the world's market
and the despatches giving the important events of the day. And as
a rule it comes cheaper than the
country weekly. The small merchants and country weekly papers
cannot afford up-to-date methods
of operation and therefore cannot
compete with concerns that can afford these labor-saving devices.
This is evidenced by the number
of commercial failures as reported
by R. G. Dun & Co. in Canada for
the three week's preceding Feb. 4,
1907. And these arc supposed to
be the most prosperous times in the
history of our country.
A proper interpretation of the
history t»f the past will reveal the
fact that in the struggle for existence great social upheavals have taken place. At such a time all worn
out social systems die and new social systems are born more in conformity with the needs and requirements of mankind.
As capitalist society becomes
more highly developed its power to
produce wealth increases, and so
also does the poverty, misery and
degradation of the wealth producers.
The struggle between the working class—who produce the enormous wealth of capitalist societies
—and the class who, because of
their ownership of thc means of
production, appropriate all said
wealth, is now on. The benefits of
property always come to those who
own it. Thc capitalists are struggling to prevent the working class
from obtaining ownership of the
means of wealth production. It is
the struggle of the survival of the
fittest; and the fittest will survive.
Capitalist society is worn out. Its
verv nature prevents it from administrating to the great bulk of humanity under its rule even the necessaries of life, and that in spite
of the fact that man's power over
nature, that is, his power to produce wealth, is many times greater than at any other time in human
history. This is easy to understand
if we just learn the meaning of capital as applied to wealth production
and the course which wealth must
necessarily take under its rule.
We are now on the verge of a
great social upheaval and the class
struggle is more clear and more
pronounced than ever before.
In this fight there is no mercy
shown. The yelps of the small
middle-class merchants and business men are being heard throughout the land. The working class
in its struggle with capital should
pay no heed to their cries. Most
of them will hang to the skirts of
capitalist property so long as
they can get a toe hold and while
they are in this position their action
is bound to be reactionary. When
they are absolutely driven into the
ranks of the proletariat they may
then fight with the workers and
for the emancipation of the race
from the rule of capital.
Combermere, Ont., March 15.
An old man of 80, employed as
foreman at some salt works at
Northwich, went to work on Saturday morning at 5 o'clock, and immediately collapsed after having
handed in his time check, and died
from heart failure. He had been
working at the same works for 50
We learn on the best authority
that Bernstein's latest exploits havt
threatened to exhaust the Icng-suf-
fering of the German P;'rty. The
arrogant article on the ete.*.*ions in
the "Socialistiche Monatshefte,"
followed by the abuse of the Party
in the interviews with the representative of the "Temps," has given
pause to even some of the determined fanatics of "toleration".within
the party camp. We understand
the action of Bernstein is likely to
receive the "serious attention" of
the next Congress, which we take
to mean that there is some chance
of his belated expulsion. Events
have assuredly justified our criticism of years ago on the action of
thc party as regards this particular
member. Certainly if the recent
kicks administered by the "leader
of the German revolutionists" (as
he is styled by the bourgeois press),
are passed over by our German
comrades in one who poses as a
representative member of a section
of it, the inference seems irresistible
that they would stand anything that
comes from this particular quarter.
The whole Bernstein incident is an
illustration of the mischief of allowing personal considerations to in*
fluence political tactics. One seat
at least has been lost at the recent
elections through this. Breslau, a
Social - Democratic stronghold,
which might have elected a better
man declined Bernstein.—Justice.
Even belated expulsion is better
than none if the culprit be deserving if it. In the case of Bernstein,
and all such quasi-reformcrs and
semi-opportunists, expulsion from
the rank of the revolutionary movement is sooner or later inevitable
if the movement is not to stultify
itself and nullify its own program.
Just why any revolutionist should
hesitate to apply expulsion in such
cases is a conundrum.
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Published nvtwjr SaWrday in die
interctfa at the -working clan alone
at tba Office of the Western Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 163 Hastings
Street, Vanconver B. C
Strictly in Advance,
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Box 836,
Vancouver, B, C.
"One million suicides in Europe
alone during the last twenty-five
years." Goldwin Smith, ever anxious to distort the meaning of those
damning facts of capitalist civilization, ascribes the reason for this
awful waste of human life to a
waning belief in thc Deity.
Our superficial philosopher, if he
wjjre capable of recognizing the
truth when he meets it, or    even
speaking it when it was thrust up- ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
on him, could hardly escape reach-1 States to protest against their treat
' ment.   Our comrades there are ral
It is now considerably over a
year since our comrades Moyer,
Haywood and Pettibone were kidnapped, railroaded out of Colorado
into Idaho, and falsely charged
with killing ex-Governor Stetm-
burg. They are still in prison, and
the United States Supreme Court
has upheld the action of Governor
Gooding and the bruital tools of the
Mine-owners' .Association. Demonstrations are being held in every important town in the United
means of labor, the purchaser of
the labor-power to the possessor of
that power, cannot, therefore, be,
and is not, the price of the labor
furnished, but is the price of the
power made use of, a price that
supply and demand cause to oscillate about and especially below its
value determined, like the value of
any other commodity, by the labor-
time socially necessary for its pro
.UftrittM APtttr
was barely sufficient to procure him       tttfc MJSSlAtt Ti-UcEhv"
his own necessary means o| exist*' - ——       tu"
ence? When, in consequence of
human progress, labor had acquired such a degree of productiveness
that an individual was enabled to
produce more than what was strictly necessary for his needs, it became
possible for some to subsist upon
the toil of others and slavery could
be established.
That it was established by force
ing the conclusion that these two
facts instead of being cause and effect are really two effects of a
cause that he and his class find it
convenient to ignore.
This cause is to be found in the
class ownership of the means of
life, i <*., the machinery of wealth
lying the whole working class to
unite in demanding their immediate trial. But the capitalist class—
through its judicial machinery—is
ignoring these demands, and seems
determined to extend the confinement of these victims previous to
production, which, in obedience to I their trial as long as possible.    In
an economic law  peculiar to the I all probability the authorities are at
Watch tins label on yoor paper. If this number is on it,
your subscription t spins tha
next issue.
present system,    is    concentrating
wealth in fewer and fewer hands,
a loss to find a good   excuse   for
their imprisonment.    It is possible
and at the same time decrees a sor- \ that ome trumped-up charge may
did, hopeless struggle for a mean
existence to the majority of the
working class.
It has been repeatedly proven by
statistics that the large majority of
suicides are unemployed workers
or men failing in business who pre-
bc preferred against them, and that
they may be hanged. What a vast
difference there is between the
treatment of these innocent men
and the millionaire murderer Thaw.
On the one hand there are three
men guilty of no other crime than
■*■»■-—    —■ — — j x- ^       -       # _ ■■ mi     »-.     *v *mm    w,***************.*^*    *+*     _"_■■-■'
duction, or in other words, in this  -s not ,_0l,_tful; but it must be con
case by the sum which will normal
ly enable the laborer to maintain j
and perpetuate his labor-power under the conditions necessary    for
the given kind and stage of production.
But, even when the laborer gets
a value equal to the value of his
power, he furnishes a value greater than that which he receives. The
duration of labor required for a
given wage, regularly exceeds thc
time necessarily occupied by the laborer in adding to the value of thc
means of production consumed, a
value equal to that wage; and the
labor thus furnished over and above
that which represents thc equivalent
of what the laborer gets, constitutes
surplus-labor. Surplus-labor then
is unpaid labor.
And here let us bc clearly understood. When we s|ieak of unpaid
labor, we are stating a simple fact,
A St. Petersburg c-.hu , •
Wr of political pr^ *,Vr'th< mm,.
shows that U62V*", 1 '" lvo«. »ud
to. death for poKaTo* * ^
crime*, 2025 were cond„ JU,lui»-*f
ttide in the m nc., lmi .'", t0 ***i
beria for life, 6.9,j Z *'" "> Si-
offense, of vari«U8 tmjmTuI*** for
Or*   «..«._...l     ■ "     V^'   Wi   nr„.
papers were suspended
lible editors
and T32
tempt it made to -»[m,;,,,.'',h"   No «•
were (iroMjcuted
fa-. leap i„,o oblivion rate _.| ^^ «£*** £.1 aod do no, a. ,11 inlend _ «, .ha.
In view of the working alliance
between the Provincial Government
and the Salvation Army, for the
purpose of importing labor into the
Province, a clipping forwarded us
by an interior comrade and taken
from the "Halifax Herald" of
March 18, is particularly interesting. The "Herald" reports a considerable number of men as
"stranded and penniless" at Port
Hawkesbury, C. B. . These men
have jtist been brought over from
England by the Salvation Army.
They were sent to Inverness by the
Army officials to work in the mines.
Arriving at Port Hawkesbury they
received a wire from the coal company stating that they did not want
any men. Upon wiring back to the
Army officials at Halifax they received the reply "there is good work
for you in Inverness if you will
go." Receiving no further assurance as to the work from these
Army officials and having no means
with which to pay transportation in
any direction, the unfortunate fellows would have starved to death
only that kind hearted citizens of
Port Hawkesbury came to their relief for the time being./ >
It is stated that these people paid
full fare from England, on the S.S.
Southwark, chartered by the Salvation Army and they could have
come cheaper had they had no connection with Booth's begging and
- swindling outfit. They were assured before embarking that they
would have employment immediately upon their arrival in Canada and
at a rate of wages considerably in
excess of that prevailing in theOld
Country. In fact they were lied to
in the most brazen fashion by the
uniformed whelps who ply their
hypocritical and swindling trade in
the name of Jesus.
Numerous agencies are at work
to bring unsuspecting victims within reach of Canadian labor skinners.
One and all they ply their trade
with a brazen effrontry that would
put a tenderloin fairy to the blush.
Among the whole caboodle, however, it would be difficult to find an
agency more hypocritical abandoned and lost to all shame than
this caterwauling and drum-thumping combination that cloaks its dirty
swindling under the guise of solicitude for souls. Every person at
all familiar with conditions
throughout Canada knows full well
that all talk about a scarcity of
labor is mostly guff. It is put up
for purposes of deceit, with the end
in view of causing such an influx
of labor into thc Dominion as to
force wages to a still lower limit.
This is strictly in line with the
nature of the capitalist beast whenever he makes his lair.
It is time the mask of hypocrisy
was completely stripped from this")
"Salvation Army" humbug and it
stood exposed as a huge business
enterprise carying on its nefarious
traffic in human flesh purely for the
profit there is in it. Its solicitude
for souls is mere pretense. Its
salvation is spurious. Us emigration policy is a low-down swindle
in tlie interests of the capitalists.
In carrying it out it is simply
trafficking in human flesh. Out
upon it and all other capitalist
frauds and humbugs.
a descent into the horrible struggle of the wage market
One cannot pick up a newspaper
nowadays without finding evidence
of this. England, with her sweltering mass of unemployed misery,
is contributing a large quota of
these suicides.
The comfortable, well-fed owners
of the means of production who
draw profits from the labor of the
armies of wage-slaves that do the
useful work of the world can easily
believe in the existence of a beneficent providence. They can cordially endorse the scriptural injunctions, "To take no anxious thought
for tomorrow what ye shall eat nor
what ye shall year." And to "Behold the lilies of the field, they toii I
not, neither do they spin, yet Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these." They know
they don't work, yet they eat well
and dress sumptuously. With such
comfortable material conditions one
could hardly escape the conclusion
that some spiritual benefactor supervised it all.
But with the oppressed proletariat it is different. Up against a
hard, monotonous, dreary grind
with the ever-present spectre of unemployment, want and suffering,
his mind harassed with gloomy
thoughts for the future of wife and
children, he cannot discern beneficence anywhere. Nor does he take
kindly to the sophistry "that tlv's
hard lot is part of the Deity's design to prepare him for the enjoyment of heavenly bliss." He sees
the sleek gentlemen who peddle
these sophisms taking no chances
on "heavenly mansions." He sees
them practically negativing their
teachings by grabbing as big a
share of worldly treasure as they
can get their hands on. Hence thc
spread of unbelief amongst thc
working class. But as they shel
this superstitous belief they are to a
certain extent adopting another and
a more rational one. If they have
intelligence enough to read the
signs of the times aright, they wi'l
see a movement amongst their class
growing ever larger and more powerful. A movement that will logically end in the inauguration of a
social and economic system whose
aim and object shall be the betterment of the conditions of human
The Intcrnatonal Socialist movement alone affords the necessary
hope that will induce the oppressed
proletariat to maintain a ho'.l on
life and struggle for the con nig of
that better day.
One can easily perceive the reason why these spiritual institutions
are so well supplied with thc
sinews of war by th& capitalist
class. Once the wanting class
breaks away from their hypnotic influence and realizes its salvation depends not on supernatural interference in human affairs, but on its
own efforts, the "jig is about up"
with the capitalist class. But meanwhile amongst those workers who
cannot be enthused with this new
hold on life, suicide will continue
to grow and pile up a monument of
dawning accusation against the
capitalist system and its pious defenders. J. T, M.
A big boodling scheme has now
been unearthed in the Arkansas
legislature. The prayers offered
up at the opening of each sitting
have evidently not been fervent
other a useless maniac who culminates a loose anl vicious career by
the committal of murder. And the
jackal capitalist press howls for
the three workers to be hanged, and
the parasite criminal to be pardon
ed. And that is what may happen.
The Great Republic of the West
has an unsavoury reputation for
hanging innocent men, from John
Brown and the Chicago martyrs, to
our day; but it will be a sorry day
for capitalism there if it does the
same with the three brave men now
languishing in the   Idaho   jail. —
The miners of Texada Island
recently made demand upon the
employers for a raise in wages sufficient to bring them up to the figure paid in the other mines of the
province. Their demands were
complied with by all of the mines
except one. In this one the men
quit work until their demands arc
granted. Miners from other parts
of the province are requested to
stay away from Texada Island until the strike is settled.
Extract From a Lecture Delivered
in the City of Paris November
27. 1893, by Gabriel Deville.—
Translated by Robert Rives
La Mounte.
We know that those whose activity is subordinate in its exercise to
a capital which they have not —
and these compose the working
class—are compelled to sell their
labor-power to some of the possessors of this capital who form, on
their side, the bourgeois class.
What is sold by liim who has to
labor in order to live, and who has
not Th his possession the means of
labor, to the possessor of those
means is simply labor in thc potential state, that is, the muscular or intellectual faculties that must be exerted in thc production of useful
things. In fact, on thc one hand,
before these faculties arc brought
into active exercise, labor does not
exist and cannot be sold. Now, the
contract is made between the buyer
and the seller before any action
takes place and has for its effective
cause, so far as thc seller is concerned, the fact that the seller is so
situated that he can not by himself bring his capacity for labor into productive use. On the other
hand, as soon as the action j(labor)
begins, as soon as labor manifests
itself, it cannot bc the property of
thc laborer, for it consists in nothing but thc incorporation of a thing
which the laborer has just alienated
by sale—capacity to perform labor
—with other things which are not
his—the means of production.
To sum up, when the labor does
not exist, the laborer can not sell
that which he docs not possess and
which he has not the means of realizing; when the labor does exist,
it can not be sold by the laborer to
whom it docs not belong. The
only thing which the laborer can
sell is his labor-power, a power distinct from its function, labor, just
as the power of marching is distinct from a parade, just as any
machine is distinct from its operations.
What is paid under the form of
wages by the   possessor   of   the
capitalists, in the existing state of
things, are personally guilty of extracting from the laborers labor for
which they do not pay them. We
are not of thc number of those
who think that "thc causes of thc
ills from which we suffer arc to be
found in men rather than institutions," as M. Glasson declared before the memliers of the I-e Play
School. We say exactly thc contrary ; for us the evil is due to institutions rather than to irjen and,
in society as it is at present constituted, things cannot possibly take
place in any other or different fashion.
On thc side of thc laborer, the
thing sold, as I have proved, cannot be his labor. It is his labor-
power. Tbe sum paid cannot lie
thc price of his labor. It is the
price of his Jabor-power, a price
which, in view of the number of
applicants for work, can only very
rarely be equal to its value; but,
even in this case, he furnishes a
greater ualuc than he receives. If
he does not, his remuneration is
not, strictly sjieaking, wages, for
thc furnishmg of surplus-labor by
the worker is a condition sine qua
non of wages. When his compensation is split up into wages and
supplementary remuneration under
the form of profit-sharing or under any other form, the working-
man docs not furnish less surplus-
labor, less unpaid labor; quite the
contrary, we may' say, for. it is
clear that this supplementary remuneration, for the laborer, is a
mere delusion, mere supplementary
moonshine. All that the working-
man can hope to achieve, under, I
repeat, the existing organization of
society, is thc curtailment of his
surplus labor, and that is thc explanation and justification of thc
struggle for thc reduction of the
working-day, of the Eight Hours
On thc side of the capitalist, on
account of thc fierce war of competition with low prices as weapons
which rages throughout thc field oi
production, it is financial suicide
for thc employer to extract from his
work-people less unpaid labor than
his competitors do; and that is why
it is necessary to strive to obtain
the reduction of the day by legal
enactment. I add that so long as
the employer, so long as thc capitalist keeps within the bounds of
what may be called the normal conditions of exploitation, he cannot
reasonably bc held responsible for
the economic structure which is so
advantageous to him, but which thc
best of intentions on the part of individuals would lie powerless to
modify. On thc other hand, if cap
italists are personally powerless to
ameliorate the state of affairs, it
would be rash to rush to thc conclusion that they arc capitalists in
thc interest of the workers. We
must avoid exaggeration in cither
Surplus-labor was not invented
by thc capitalists. Ever since human societies issued from the state
of promitive communism, surplus-
later has always existed; and it
is thc method by which it is wrung
from the immediate producer*
which differentiates the different
economic forms of society.
Before man was able to produce
in excess of his needs, one portion
of society could not live upon thc
fruits of the toil of another portion.
How could a man work grattiitous-
fessed that its establishment promoted human evolution.   So long
as the productiveness of labor, al*
though sufficient to make surplus-
labor possible, was not sufficient to
render participation in directly useful labor compatible witb other oc
cupations or pursuits, thc toilsome
drudgery and exploitation of some
was thc necessary condition of thc
leisure of others, and, thereby, of
the development of all.      For, if
none had had leisure, no progress
could liave been made in thc   sciences, the arts and all thc branches
of knowledge, thc benefits of which
we all enjoy in some degree.   And
thc fact that the thinkers ol antiquity and thc   greatest   among
them,   Aristotle, excused   slavery,
is a proof that the mode of thought
is determined by the exigencies of
the economic organization   of society.   To reproach   Aristotle, in
particular, because he did not regard slavery and property.as it is
natural for us to regard them,   is
equivalent to eproaching him    for
equivalent to reproaching him for
not having applied the processes of
industries.   ^^^^^^^^^^^^
Slavery did not appear to lack b
rational foundation, and did not begin to disappear until the external
conditions wcre profoundly transformed and thus rendered another
kind of labor and of    surplus-labor more in harmony with the material requirements.   Following upon the economic environment,   in
which slavery was the rule there
came then thc economic environment in which serfdom predominated, and thc latter, in its turn, has
been superseded by the economic
environment in which   the wage-
system has become the general rule.
Each of these environments has had
or has its own habits and modes of
thought which may be in contradiction with ours, but which are the
natural consequences of the modes
of life in vogue in their respective
An examination of thc aspect of
surplus-labor in these three environments shows that it has the appearance of being all Ubor in the
first, a larger or small fraction of
tlie whole labor in thc second, and
apparently falls to zero in the third.
In fact, in slavery, during a part of
the day, the slave only replaces thc
value of what hc consumes and so
really works for himself; notwithstanding, even then hi* labor appears to bc labor for his owner. All
his labor has thc appearance of surplus-labor, of iabor for others. Under serfdom or the corvee system,
the labor of the serf for himself and
his gratuitous labor for his feudal
lord are perfectly distinct, the one
from thc other; by the very way
in which the labor is performed, the
serf distinguishes thc time during
which he works for his own benefit
from the time during which he is
compelled to devote to the satisfaction of the wants of his lordly
stqicriors. Under the wage-system,
the wage-form, which appears (M
the guise of direct payment of *-
bor, wipes out every visible line of
demarcation between paid labor and
unpaid labor; when he receives his
wages, the laborer seems to get all
thc value to his labor, so that all his
labor takes on thc form or appearance of paid labor. While, under
slavery, the property-relation conceals the labor of the slave for himself, under the wage-system the
money-relation conceals thc gratuitous labor of thc wage-worker for
thc capitalist You will readily perceive the practical importance of
this disguised appearance of the
real relation between labor and capital. The latter is deemed to breed
or expand by its own virtue, and
the former to receive its full remuneration.
number of persons 'ad'mm.T cnoriJ»ui
rested. AnoUier S'J^
time ago gave the nurnCof ,V'B,t
sentenced to death and «i£_W?
beria a. exceeding w.ooo, "hid, a t
less includes those "admini.irl? I0"1*4*
rested" and deported "r1"'vtl»"»•
sand, of persons d.sa,, 1? ,1 ',hou*
and their relative, an ' f L V*
bear of them again -■lcre",l' *M*g
imprisoned jn some' uiJ3LS»
neon or spirited awav to i 2H dun*
to suffer and die. and all &T*
d»r«d to *«.» of « irp.,uSjS_?3
government _ij<] justice and -_«,•■,*,*"
the people. And in the U!$&_!
ror. of oppression that arc „ii £_?"
despatches and by refugee, U^ .£_
from Russia, wt l,,vc a lo7cd^L£_
editors in this country who perS.
dilate at considerable length SM
wickedness of the p.-.,* dewE X _?
ly rieid their Uvci £ c^XSt
blow tome tyrant into k,llKdo~ 1*.
with .bomb. I, ,»*„ *,& g
.mart editor, that the greai mas* ^
Ruwian people art n,u/-i>d and manacled politically and indu.tmii-.T_
that lliey are driven and ,Wr'UZ
tne tiar and his muttons more hro-i*
than the cattle of the field* ffc, J.
bility and .elf-.acrif.ee of tl.e mm and
women, and even the children, j0 Pli.
ing the only weapons within their rt-X
the dirk, the bomb <.r the torch, in their
endeavor to wrest some small rone-.
.ion of liberty from thr hi-dish and m*
human ruling class, or to avenge the
suffering and death ..f millions uf their
fellow-wuntrynirii, fails to nuke the
slightest impression upon the adamantine hearts of pltitncratie or "*m\*it
editors in •those petrified imnds the
King can do no wrong -Cleveland Cm-
May 1st is now the date fixed
for the commencement of the Moy-
er-Haywood-Pcttibone trial. Even
if adjudged innocent of thc cbarpc
against them, these men will have
spent a year and a half in jail, a
longer time than mny wealthy murderer has had to serve as sentence.
Yet they will have no redress and
the capitalist conspirators will go
Scot free. This is how the "equality before the law" that capitalist
i„ „■*, j-_i*_,.   u    *,■   --"-—-— ,aPotolri»t* boasts of, works out to
ly for others when his entire tunc the injury of the working class.
_Ȥtm, February tt - If anyone i__-j I
that the Saculi-t- Iud all the fi-at
knocked out of ihem at the rtvetil rite*
tion* be it very much mi-taken There
it plenty of fight left in them and the*
are proving it in » way most gruif-nr*j
to ine Kaiser ami bu Ku'ttri-n-t t-»
fighting among th-tmrncs, iherehy de>
piaytng much dirty luien
Somc one, of course, has to shudder
the blame for the recent dcirai and i~
leader, arc exceedinKly hu»* arcoii-*-
each other, while the rank -nd hn of
the pany are obviotaJy disgusted ud
tired, and it really kmlu ai it the mt
formidable party is going tu pieces ii-
That the government intends to m_*
the most of lis victory is irnam and it
speaks well for tlie Kaiser's pf-d *we,'
lhat while be so f^r has uid n»t!-m|
conccnii-g the Ministry and nan; programme he hope* t« sre ca-nrd out. he
has come out siron-*K in faro* ol matures which will great)] l-eneftt th-U-
boring ci-tses snd ml h •ill wh the
Socialist, of many more rotes ia time to
come.—Sunday San Francisco Ut*
uur, Feb. Jt. 1907
That there is more r less « t
conflict of ideas a* to ti tics ia thr Socialist rncj-remetrt, no sscll informed S»-
ctahst will deny We think, hoveTer,
the Kaiser's hopes *il! I* 'hattcrcd ••
he think, lhat there is .r-thing in thou
contest, that will prevent the S-eul
Democracy from um-ins; to pot him on
of business when the lime Bono M
these contests indicate a live party and
arc in reality a ngn ol healthy grosra
In the minds of it, op-K.r*cnt. tin
"powerful narty has l<n. going »
pieces for a lorn- lime," hut "n.« »
their minds. Von lluelc si-cd tl* at*
ation up correctly when tbe rthw «j
in Hie Kcichstag he «id: "i« *"
crease of the Socialist reprev-matw" l0
the Homw does not indicate - *f** «
their economic doctrmc" An iw«"-
of a quarter of a million vota "* '•*•* £
cent election is a defeat »'*;t!.'',
to experience more often If tht «[
linen'rexhibited by the Socalt*^*
rtsembles in hue that char-**B»«
the political conventions ol the nm
claMiit certainly must have been a w
washing, but in the »bsenc«
of specific
information as to just what cons;"^
th.s "dirtv linen" we ibal be MfflgJ
to rea-ard it as one of thos. ord«W
journalistic fabrications to which «"«
everywhere accustomed Wc « .ng
latter part of thi* despatch urt •£
TgJrjrlmrb in a rcvo!ution»n'*£
ment for producinK i**J*n
tain his rile and in the "f-cuuy
reducing the Social..! vote the: W»
i, now going to grant paHi* «^
underrate, the intelligence lf c (fthe
•TttfhetWnk. thereby to,undo'*
Revolution.    See.tiR the to**"     g{
cessity which compelW ."'*- \     ,-
these reforms,  the  working tW
more UWy to press on to w^,
goal, "The abohtionof King*. •*■
and capitalist rulers"
TtaJUWw Senate have *****
BUI appropriating Wfi* ^
the prosecution of the Stetini
case.     It seems prdty cW'
the capitalists will < 1"   «"   "'Jy.
to hang our comrade M»>". » >
wood, and Pettibone.
"Owing to thc large
immigrants coming to I";(   ;    -
thc return of   bushnu-t   to w<
Winnipeg is flwdnl wit    ■   ^
verc, inlccd. is thc labor lam
Three titled members n ' ,
rrfiO Douma were recently "^
of their titles for rrluM'.|, .,
at the mention oft'i-   - '    ,„
name.   The'Socialis. mefl*^
the House at Victoria l«»
take warning. 9mmmMMft«ft»$mom«
Regular weekly business meeting
April 1st, It*07'     Comrade Stellas „i the chair.   Minutes of last
mating adopted as read.
Warrants for the following wcre
ordered -Irawn        :
im,,,.! mi headquarters $10.00
Literature Agent       7.25
Janitor f<>r headquarters ...     .50
{-.'••stern clarion ad. space..    6.00
cusiOM, meo*im,MttMgoottnc--
Total  % |M.7o
Programme Committee instructed tn arrange for a new hall.
(,,m  Pettipiece elected chairman
(or next Sunday night.
Literature Agent (reports order*
in-j literature to the amount of $.",0.
Sunt meeting    before    regular
Stiu*11 • night meeting.
Financial Report.
(Collection Sunday night .... $3-68
Uterature sales  IM
Ih,-*   5-50
Vanaiuver,   B. C,   April   Snd,
Pn -*.-nt:     Comrades Stebbings,
kpritcliard, Mill*, Peterson and thej
ISetrttary.    Minutes nvul and ap-
I liur.
following   correspondence
and    Secretary    instructed
It: I
(.Continued From Page One.]
Mr. Hawthornthwaite: "I insist
Mr. Speaker that the honorable
the i'remier should not be accorded a privilege that is not given to
other members of this House."
(Hear, hear.)
Hon. ,Mr. McBride replied
warmly. "I am surprised at the
stand taken by my Hon. friend. 1
cannot recall any like instance arising in this House, but had it been
so 1 am sure that the privilege 1
ask would have lieen readily accorded. If necessary 1 will appeal
to the courtesy of thc House."
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said as a
niattcr of courtesy he had no objection to his speaking. He was
merely insisting on a right.
The Speaker said he would put
it to the House whether the Premier should be heard or not.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said that
was quite unnecessary. He would
not press the matter further. Mr.
Oliver asked what was thc rule oi
the I louse when the Speaker had
rung the bell. The Speaker said
that the rule of thc House was that
no one should speak after the bell
hatl rung, but by courtesy of the
House the I'remier might speak
Hon. .Mr. McBride said hc wished simply to take up one or two
points that had arisen in the course
of the debate. He had listened
wilh interest to the speech of the
member for Nanaimo which was
as usual bristling with interesting
points, ami was    intertaining   by
.in Com. R. F. Wanen, We-
w in, Alta., concerning forma-
of a Local in that city.
nt    Com. J.  Harrison, Cal-
Alta., concerning   formation | reason of that humor which was
his. He was disappointed, however, to find to what conclusions hc
came within the last ten minutes,
lie had admitted that the Province-
had a grievance but without a word
of explanation had branched out
and said he was unable to scc eye
in Com. Ed. Jesse, Hardisty,
concerning formation Of Lo-
: m- Com. J. A. Rickey, Ot-
get, concerning formation of l.o
From Claresholm and Montreal I to eye with this   assembly   when
>. ; they proposed to give this question
nt Comrades R. Krngt-r ami j lheir endorsation.      Hc had side-
.i^eiikiiecht,   of   Washington, | Stepped the resolution and had also
IA s
I fir.
I Cut
strange and subterranean rhbthods! understand anything after reading
radiating here and there in myster-| some   of   the newspapers of this
ious underground ways,    and    it country it was   very   remarkable.
made him suspicious.   He did not He did not think the Empire would
see why the Government could not
be frank and honest    enough    to
state where these lands would be
When a bill of the same nature
was up before the House last year
he had opposed it and would oppose Ihis.    He did not think the
MOple of British Columbia could
obtain compensation in any    way-
whatever from this university for
the valuable land that they proposed
to give away.    Jt was agreed that
something should lie done to relieve the heavy pressure of school
taxation on the people and provide
some better  education  for  them,
but that did not justify them, in
bantling over 2,000,000   acres   of
land for the higher education   of
just a part of the people of this
province.   Thc (-topic as a whole
would not receive any benefit from
this grant nor was it intended for
them, but for the class that could
liest afford to do    without   these
favors.    The majority of the people had neither the means nor the
opportunity to take advantage of it.
He agreed with the    Provincial
Secretary that the time was now
opportune for such a grant. They
had a large majority and it looked
as if Conservatism with the muzzle
off was to be displayed. There
were complaints coming in from all
over thc Province of the cost of
schools, and if lands were set aside
to relieve them it would be appreciated. Lands should bc set aside
for tlie improvement of the schools
as a whole, and not for a certain
They wcre asked in this bill to
give power to the Government to
set aside any lands they might
choose, and in this way the most
valuable lands    in   thc    Province
come to pieces if this bill were passed, but after all it was a cowardly
piece of legislation. If these people were strong and had a first-
class navy the gentleman opposite
dare not get up and introduce legislation of this kind. These people
came to our shores by the request
of a class of people of which the
introducer of the bill was a representative. These Hindus came
here at the behest of the moneyed
class and worked in thc mines
where from their ignorance their
presence was /dangerous to the
others, but there was no legislation
to prevent it. In the mines at
Cumberland owned by thc Lieutenant-Governor there were some
twelve or thirteen hundred Chinese,
Japs and Hindus working and only
two or three hundred white men.
The law said that these men should
be examined as to their ability to
work in mines, but they had not
been examined as the law required,
and their presence at such dangerous work was a menace to the rest.
With regard to the franchise lie
could only say that notwithstanding
all he had said the bill should be
adopted by the House. This was
a question that the white people of
the country had to grasp and settle
and in order to do so it was necessary to pass such legislation as this.
Mr. Williams said the bill was
right in line with his own ideas.
There was no need here for people
of the Asiatic or Hindu type. Hc
did not agree with the member for
Rossland that they could keep these
Hindus out by shutting them off
because they did not know the language, because the average Jap had
only to go for three months to
night school and join the Presby
terian   church   and he could read
could be filched from the people   English as  good as anyone eise.
uing thc Mills case
ng to numerous requests, the
ittee decided to send tKit an
vganirer  for Alberta and  IS. C,
-«1 the Secretary was instructed
to communicate with Com. 1 lawth-
Prov. 1 xec. Com., supplies. .$17.90
Qarcshobn I«ocal, stamps
Wetaskiwin coin, supplies
taken pains to make the House be
licve that  he   (thc  Premier)   was
not the friend of the workingman.
This statement the Premier took
COrwderabk jiains to deny and was
and handed over to this institution.
He was satisfied if they took a vote
on this proposal 00 per cent of the
people would vote it down. Of
course tlie time was opportune, the
Government was strongly entrenched, and did not have to face the
people for some years, but this matter would not and could not be forgotten by them. It seemed pre-
posterous to take 2,000,000 acres of
land for this puqxj-se, when there
were other matters, such as old
age pensions which were far more
needful. There were thousands of
men, worn out, with their lives des
I roved in the industries of this
country, and in setting these lands
aside they should have considered
this class of men and they would
dilating at length on the benefits, (,avc ')ecn supported, but he was
he ami his party hatl conferred on
the workers when he was called to
order by the Speaker, who rcquest-
8.00 j ed him to stick to the subject be-
l.'H) j fore the House.
 i     The Premier then branched out
Total $80JO ] into a very long and rather tedious
 „ j r--'tcration of his course on the bct-
l'KO\ INXTAL EXECUTIVE    I ter terms question.
COMMITTEE. I     At the conclusion of his speech a
  j division  was called.     Thc    three
Reptlsur meeting held April ."Ird, | t*ocja|'siSi true to their word, rc-
NW. tired from the House and refused
Present: Comrades Pritchard, U) votl. y'.c motj0n was carried
(chairman), Pettipiece, Morgan,;. n:i a ](ar.v voU. 0f go to !», four of
■Mills Stebbings, Mortimer and thej ,|u. thirteen Opposition members
Swetary, having paired    with    Government
Minutes of last meeting read ami j s,,..-*,,r-.crs who were absent.
The I'niversity Bill.
Prom Locals Nelson,  Nanaimo.
On Thusday of last week    Dr.
the  Provincial    Secretary,
„ ." ' •*"-■"'■ ********   -T  v■    | Young, the 1
Wnix, slocan, Ladysmith. \ "J nMlvC(1 ,-,.. st.co„d reading of "An
aid tbe University of Brit
tori... Vancouver and C. II. Kerr s*i
I'Ca, received.
From Com. J. Mcinnes, M. L-
| A, stating that he was in receipt of
[passes from railway companies
[operating in B. C. and that if such
*'«*rc considered a violation of the
[principles of tlie Party, the same
[Would In- promptly returned.
On motion, the Secretary was in*
I strut tut to reply, stating "that the
I use of such is permissible provid-
W thai the receipt of same be pub-
iWy acknowledged.
Secretary   instructed   re taking
I general vote of thc province    regarding the holding of a conven-
,   Warrants ordered drawn for the
■ T0(Dom. Ex. Com., supplies.$17.20
" Clarion, ad. space     2.00
" 'Wage ,.\     1.00
"J- T. Mortimer, balance
organizing expenses.... W.00
■ v     . Receipts.
I Nelson Local, stamps .
,'ll(H"ix I.ocal, supplies
j«anaimo L„ stamps & s'upT* 5-70
'^tal $11.45
Act to
ish Columbia by setting aside a
grant of Provincial lands.'* He
explained that the object of the bill
was to set aside 8,000,000 acres of
land for the endowment of a University for the Province. He said
there'had long been a desire for
such a step ami thc time was opportune.
\fter a verv short speech of introduction "Ouestion"' was called
but no one rose to speak till Mr.
Hawthornthwaite got up.
He said though he was not prepared to discuss this question at
present it was too important to be
allowed to go by without some
comment. He was disappointed
that the Provincial Secretary had
no, .rone more into detail. He said
I* was a most important measure
' " he was content to mtro-
th about half a dozen
He would have lik-
and yet
duce it   wi
feeble words. .
cd to hear some explanation as to
<he people this bill was supposed
o benefit, what it  would do and
,      . WOUW cos,     The    House
-is well aware of the necessity of
; ,g   g it. another hill, but they
should have some further explana-
ff about this.   The methods em-
pteyed by the Government in con
with   this   matter   were
satisfied they would neither receive the support of thc people nor
the House in this matter proposed
by the Provincial Secretary.
Mr. Henderson moved the adjournment of the debate and it was
allowed to stand over till after the
Easter vacation
Provincial Elections Act.
Bowser's Bill    to    Keep    Hindus
From  Voting—Socialists Support it.
Mr. Bowser is getting better.
Last week hc endeavored to make
up for his past failings to thc workingmen by introducing an amendment to the Elections Act to keep
Hindus from voting. Hc took a
King at thc Liberals at Ottawa, who
he said had been very anxious to
have the Japanese vote, but hc appealed to members of that party in
the Legislature, to try to keep this
a white man's country by voting
for this bill.
J. A. Maedonald, Opposition
Leader, said he would vote for the
bill but hc would like to see the
Election Act revised to prevent all
people who could not read or understand our public questions from
voting. He feared the bill might
raise Imperial problems, "but," he
added, "it is not right we should
give votes to these people who cannot speak our language or understand our laws. I intend to vote
for this hill because not onc in a
thousand of those Hindus coming
in are able to read our language
and vote intelligently. I ask that
the House will take a broader *#iew
of this matter than my friend opposite, and if this measure will jeopardise the interests of the Empire
of which we form a part we ought
to be above dragging it in the mire
of party politics as my friend opposite appears anxious to do." (Opposition applause.)
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said he
could not agree with the member
for Rossland that the whole election law should be revised to meet
this particular case. He talked
about reading the newspapers to
understand matters, but if he could
(Laughter.) If they wanted to
stop these people coining in the only-
thing they could do was to pass
such legislation as this. The Dominion overnment had been asked
to stop them and they had sent a
man out to investigate. He found
a number of them working in sawmills, and while the owner told him
that the Hindus were not as good
as the Chinese hc thought they
were better than nothing The man
evidently went back satisfied, for
the Dominion Government was now-
building an immigration shed at
the outer wharf, and since the head
tax stopped the Chinese from coming in he had a strong suspicion it
must be meant for the benefit of
-these Hindus,
Premier McBride said the member for Nanaimo had made statements reflecting on his department.
Hc said the Boards oi Examiners
were allowing men to work in
mines who were not fitted for it.
He had heard no complaint, and if
a single instance were shown him
he would soon have it remedied.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite: "Would
you consent to appoint a commission to examine the conditions I
have spoken of?"
Hon. Mr McBride: "If my
honorable friend can show me that
the present Examiners are in anyway incompetent I will do so, but
till then I shall not consent to condemn the action of the Examiners
by such a step. Some charge must
be brought home condemnatory of
these Boards of Examiners, before
I will do so."
Mr Hawthornthwaite: "I could
not bring about any such thing
without bringing about the dismissal of the workingmen involved."
Hon. Mr. McBride said he knew
that thc party to which his honorable friend belonged had invariably
carried in a strong campaign
against the employment of Chinese
and Japanese in British Columbia.
This, however, was not a time for
discussion of this matter. "I will
simply state again," he added, "that
if there is any laxity in carrying out
the laws I want to know it, and I
will see to it that nothing is left
undone to make the law of the land
as effective as it is possible to do."
He added that he intended to support this bill, because he knew that
the Hindus would never assimilate
with us or become permanent settlers.
Mr. Mclnnis speaking from a
Socialistic standpoint said if the
gentleman who had introduced this
bill had as little use forthe Hindus
as they had there would be no n< c-
cssity* for such legislation. The
bill was introduced by the very
class who had brought them over
here, and not only should they be
disfranchised but those gentlemei
who had brought them here should
be given a dose of their own medicine.   If, however, the   Attoriey-
Getieral would malrt the same rid*
ing as he did at the last election it
would not be necessary to shut
them out.
Mr. Oliver said the member for
Nanaimo was complaining of a
state of things that had existed for
forty years, but he had made no
complaint till he had ceased to have
any power over the Government to
which he had once acted as a sort
of Saviour. About the only
complaint he had made was about
gas in the Nanaimo mine, which
had created a sensation and an unnecessary scare.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite retorted
that the Socialists had frequently
brought these matters before the
minister by the questions they had
asked, and his report of gas in a
Nanaimo mine had been justified
by a commission of inquiry which
found the mine in a very dangerous
state. As for his supporting the
Government, that might seem disastrous to the gentleman of the
Opposition, but it was not half such
a disaster as if the Province had
been governed by that gang of buncoes parading about under the
name of the Liberal party. (Laughter.)
The bill passed second reading
without a division.
Mr. Ross moved the second
reading of a bill to amend the
Shops Regulations.Act. He said*
that under the present law certain
municipalities in his district had no
power to close the shops earlier
than 6 o'clock. As a result of this
the shops were often running till
7 o'clock. The idea of the bill was
to allow the municipalities to pass
a law permitting the shopkeepers
to close at 5 o'clock if they wished
to do so.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said the
bill looked very much like the on*.'
he had placed on the Order paper,
and at first he thought it was a
duplicate, but he found he was mistaken. His own bill went rather
further than this and was more
complete, since it compelled the
shops to close at 1 o'clock
on certain days, and gave them the
privilege of closing at any time.
He did not know the intention of
the Government but he hoped this
was not introduced for the sake of
killing his bill, and that they did
not intend to deal out to the wor'c-
inkmen the kind of treatment they
seemed to expect frnm this Government. He hoped that the honorable gentleman would see fit to
withdraw his bill, and use his
powerful influence with the Government to accept his (Mr. Hawthornthwaite's) bill which dealt much
more fully with the hours of labor
in these places.
No one replied, and question being called Mr. Ross's bill passed
second reading.
When the bill went into committee next day, however, Mr. Hawthornthwaite secured an amendment
giving the municipalities of Cranbrook and Fernie, which it affected,
power to close the shops and stores
If West Ham has had a big allowance out of the funds held by
the President of the Local Government Board, the fact remains that
its need is great, and but a tithe of
it has yet been satisfied. Social
workers on the spot, representing
religious organizations, testify that
the distress is more acute than it
has been for the last three years,
and that there are found whole
streets in which there is not a house
that does not show poverty of the
most extreme kind.
a   a   si  a
In the hearing of a prosecution
against a lodging house keeper at
Tredegar, it transpired that in one
case 108 beds were occupied and
10 men slept in the kitchen on
tables, benches and around the
— o '
grKvery   Local   of the SoeUdtat
Hart- of Uanada ahonld run a sari
under thia brad, fi.00 par month.
•Secretaries please not*.
British Columbia FroT_K_U __e*r*a_T«
Committee, Socialiat Party of Canada.    Meets every alternate Tuesday,      J.   Af.   Peterson,   SecreUry,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Ouiuinlou Executive Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Ussta
every alternate Tueaday. J. O.
Morgan. SecreUry, SSI Barnard
"Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Local Vancouver. No. 1, S. P. of
adit. Business meetlnga ovary
Monday evening at headquarters.
It.gleal.le Block. SIS Cambie Street,
(room 1, eecond floor)., Educational meeting* every Sunday at ■
p. m., lu Sullivan Ball. Cordova
Stroet -Tradorlc Faery. Secretary.
Box SM. Vancouver, a C
Local Toronto, S. P. of C—Meets every Sunday 3 p. m. at Davit Hall,
corner Queen and Spadina Avenues. James Simpson, --secretary, 16
Barton Avenue. Finnish Branch
meet, Sunday nights, same hall.
Jewish Branch, Sunday nights, at
18s t-2 Queen St. West.
Local Winnipeg, S. P. of C- meets
every Sunday, in Trades Hall, at
2:30 p. m. J. Coxon, SecreUry, 2J6"
Princess St., Winnipeg, Man.
Local Nelson, S. P. of C—Meets every Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Union Hall, Nelson B. C
Frank Phillips, Organizer, I. A.
Austin, SecreUry.
The publishers of the Western Clarion
have orders upon the National Sewing
Machine Company (see advertisement
in another column) for three $65.00
sewing machines which are Uken 011 advertising account These orders will
be disposed of at an extremely reasonable figure. The machines will be
shipped direct to purchasers from the
company's factory. To any one living
in the United SUtes an opportunity is
thus afforded to obtain an up to date
$65.00 sewing machine at reasonable
cost To a Canadian purchaser, owing to that wise paternal blessing known
as the tariff, the duty would be added
to the cost.
Any one wishing to obtain a machine
wilt be furnished full particulars by addressing the publishers,
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Vancouver, B.C., Jan. 21, 1907.
Notice is hereby given that, 60
days a,ter date I intend to apply to
the Hon. Commissioner of Lands and
Works for permission to purchase
Section 25, Township 8, Range 5,
Coast District.  Buckley Valley.
Vancouver. B.C., Jan. 31. 1907.
Notice is hereby given that, 00
days after date I intend to apply to
tho Hon. Commissioner of Lands and
Works for permission to purchase
Section 5, Township 6, Range 5,
Coast District, Buckley Valley.
NOTICE i» hereby g*-*n that. 60 J»y»arter
dote, I intend to apply to the Hon. Chief
Commissioner of Land* and ork» for permis-
rion to purcha*e the following described land
situate on the Cheakatnua River, New Westminster District:-Cotnniendng at a po»l known a*
Grays N. R. corner, rnnnin-j east four [4] chains-
then north tlong Rock Slide forty [40) chains:
then west to the ris*er; then following the river
to point of commencement; containing forty [40}
Dated the 19th day of March, A. V. 1907.
days after date I intend to apply to the Hon,
Chief Commissioner of Lands snd Works for
a special license to cut and carry away timber from the following described lands in
Coast District:
1. Commencing at a post planted on thc
west side of Rivers Inlet, at the north end of
Schooner Pass, about a mile and a half from
Reaver Cannery; thence west 80 chains,
thence north SO chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains, to place of commencement.
I. Commencing st a poat planted on the
west side of Na 1, running west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains, thence east 80 chains;
thence south 80 chains, to point of commencement.
Agent for Frank Vandall and H. H. Fuhr.
Vancouver, B. C. Feb. 7th. 100T.
,.'c solicit the business of Manufacturers,
Kngineers and others who realize the advisability of having their mient business transacted
by Eaperts. Preliminary advice free. Charge*
moderate. Our Inventor's Adviser sent np
r*"uest, Marion & Marion, New York Lifer
Uuutreal: uud N.asliinjtoii, D.C, U.S.A-
Buy no Cig'ars Without
This LABEL on Box.
- ■(■J-.a*jwlUJWIUIlMIII>*JlJUUilliillL,lJ.l *S
   —-*—- iHujui	
aCt!^:: fOUft
.AttifttUV, APR it
8, tt
Edited by R. V. PBTTTIPIBC-S, to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed.        9
Significant Resolution Passed at
Last Regular Meeting, of Vancouver Trades and Labor Council.
Whereas, the memliers of Vancouver Trades and Labor Council,
representing over 4,000 affiliated
wage-earners are painfully cogtii-
gant of the fact that in Canada today little or no protection to life
and limb is provided by the employing class for its employes, and
Whereas, owing to the peculiar
advantages and undeveloped
natural resources of Canada it is
now attracting the world-wide attention of capitalists seeking opportunities for profit-making investments, and
Whereas, the result of this has
been an unprecedented emigration
to. this country, and consequently a
hyge development in the machinery
of production and distribution—
' the means of life, and
Whereas, with the growth and
development of this highly developed and complicated modern machinery of production economic and
political conditions in Canada have
made it possible .for a few corpora
tions to acquire almost complete
control of the nation through it-
ownership of the means of life—
mines, mills, factories, railways,
etc., and
Whereas, these industries are operated for the sole purpose of making   profit   for   the   owners, and
Whereas, keen competition
among the workers and the "rush"
demands of commercialism are such
that the workers are becoming
nervous and physical wrecks and
inviting disaster with capitalist insistence upon speed. As one writer
has said of the workers: "We
cover a great deal of ground and
then a very little ground covers us."
And. Whereas, official statistics
show an alarming increase in the
number of industrial accidents,
marine disasters, etc., with the
consequent loss of life and limb—
a loss which falls almost wholly
upon the workng class.
Therefore, be it resolved that
while we see no solution other than
the collective ownership of industry with production for use instead
of profit, we demand of the Government of Canada and its employing
class that such legislation be enacted as will provide tor the use of
greater and better safety appliances
in the protection of life and limb
and that the laws already on the
statute books be actually enforced.
And be it further resolved, that
in order to safeguard the welfare of
wage-earners throughout Canada
we demand the enactment of a six-
day week and an eight-hour day
law, with adequate penalties- and
provisions made for its enforcement.
Copies of this resolution to be
forwarded by the Secretary to
Premier Laurier, Secretary Trades
Congress of Canada, Premier McBride, Victoria, B. C; Premier
Rutherford, Edmonton, Alta.; Premier Scott, Regina, Assa.; Premier
Roblin, Winnipeg; Premier Whitney, Toronto, Ont.; Premier of
Quebec; Secretary Toronto Trades
Council, the Winnipeg Voice and
Western Clarion.
price of lumber is high enough and
it's going to be higher, they say.
Here's another question I would
like to ask. If I were to meet a
crowd of lumberjacks and told
them that a few miles farther on
there was a camp where swampers,
skidders, fallcrs and teamsters got
$5.00 a day; that thc grub was good
and plentiful for $4.00 a week;
each man had a bunk-house to himself and the bunks were supplied
with spring mattresses; that you
dfely paid 10 per cent, above cost
for anything bought at the store,
and when they got to the place it
was a hoax, if they caught me afterwards don't you think it would
be way back to the cactus for mine ?
But perhaps the men are wanted to
build cars. If this be so, who is to
build the engines to pull them?
Say, some of those orators who
talk about a Socialist administration
in five or ten years are 'way off;
they don't know what they are talking about. The most of the working class hoot and holler at election
time for the candidate that suits
their masters and then when they
get a biff in the back of the neck
growl and kick; then go down town
and drown their troubles in booze.
My mate says he'd like to add a
line or two, so I'll quit.
Yours in the Jackpot,
»   * *  »
Them lumberjacks he talks about
meeting maybe easy-marks, but any
guy that gave them such a piece of
hot air, they would say was Bughouse.
Wardner, B. C, March 25.
To ths Editor*:
Will you please tell me how a
workingman wanting a job can get
a free advertisement in the B. C
Pete Lund of this company did
(the C. N. Pass Lumber Co.). He
was on the stand answering questions about the Lumber Combine,
which does not exist (Ha, ha), and
said that B. C. needed 10,000 men
for the lumber industry. (One
paper reported 100,000 men, and
that very day the bunch were told
when they went to work that there
was nothing to do because there
were no cars).   Funny, isn't it?
Say, Mr. Editor, here is another
question. If, because of the car
shortage, the men on the pay-roll
cannot be kept at work, what's thc
use of getting 10,000 more or 100,-
000, whichever it is ? Do you think
that there's a scheme afoot to cut
down wages?   Surely not.     The
Toronto, March 17,1907.
Editor Western Clarion:
A short time ago Comrade J. O.
Ellis of Phoenix Local, Socialist
Party of Caaada, wrote to the Toronto Local stating that they had a
Finnish branch in that town with
thirty good live members, and asking for information as to the best
means of conducting business in
the interests of the party where
there are comrades speaking different languages. It was decided by
the English-speaking branch of Toronto Local that I should write a
letter to the Western Clarion, giving this information, so that not
only Phoenix, but other Locals,
might benefit.
Toronto Local consists of Jewish, Finnish and English-speaking
branches and will soon have an Italian branch to swell the fighting
force. Each branch holds its own
meetings and all business is done
in the native tongue of the comrades. A few members of the
Jewish and Finnish branches understand and can speak the English
language, but the majority have not
yet learned it. This makes it unwise for the present to hold joint
business meetings of the three
branches, but very successful joint
propaganda meetings have been
held from time to time. When
joint propaganda meetings arc held,
we arrange for Finnish, Jewish and
English speakers and if all the
comrades cannot understand all
that is said, all the comrades can
understand part of it, and some can
understand all. Recently we heid a
joint business meeting at which a
Finnish comrade presided. There
were Jewish and Finnish interpreters to explain to those of their own
nationality what was said or proposed by the English-speaking
comrades and in turn the interpreters explained to the English-speaking comrades what was said or proposed by the Jewish and Finnish
comrades. This was a very important meeting of the Toronto Local
and notwithstanding the inconvenience of interpreting the speeches,
we succeeded in electing a central
oemmittee to carry on the propaganda of the pany in thc interests
of thc three branches, something
we have never had before. It has
been proposed that we organize a
class for the study of Socialism and
make it answer a double purpose;
first, to teach Socialism; second, to
teach the Jewish and Finnish comrades the English language. If the
class is organized an English-
speaking comrade will bc the
teacher and his qualifications will
have to be a thorough knowledge of
scientific Socialism and a fair
knowledge of the English language,
so that while he is teaching, scientific Socialism he will also be preparing our Jewish and Finnish
comrades to avail themselves of the
opportunity to carry on the propaganda for the party in thc English
language. The Board of Education has provided Jewish and Finnish teachers for classes where the
English language is taught. The
teacher of the Finnish citizens is
Comrade Lindala, the Socialist
candidate for Mayor at the last municipal elections. Comrade Chev-
ali is teaching English to an Italian
class and incidentally forming the
nucleus of a future Italian branch
of the Socialist Party. In the summer the comrades of all nations represented in Toronto meet at the annual picnic of the Local and at no
other time does such a cosmopolitan crowd gather together to enjoy the benefits of genuine comradeship. The difference in
languages is entirely forgotten and
the comrades compete with considerable enthusiasm in the different
games and athletic events. In athletics it is only fair to state the Finnish comrades carry off the majority of the honors.
Yours for Socialism,
Victoria, March 22, 1907.
Editor Western Clarion:
Dear Comrade: In accordance
with resolution of the Provincial
Executive, I hereby beg to acknowledge the receipt of the following passes:
Canadian Pacific Railway Co.,
provincial lines; B. C. E. Electric
Tram Co., Ltd.; E. & N. Railway
Co. *, B. C. Telephone Co., Ltd.
I regret to say that the amendment to the Act compelling these
companies to issue these passes has
again been defeated.
Yours faithfully,
J. C. Hawthornthwaite, M.P.P.
Last week a terrible massacre of
Jews took place in Romania and
another at "Kishinieff" is
feared. In this connection it is
interesting to note some recent utterances of that "dilettante litterateur" Queen "Carmen Sylvia" of
Romania when speaking to a reporter: "In our house Nathan the
Wise comes every day to us. In
our house and in our family there
are different representatives of religion, Catholic, Protestant and
orthodox and wc have a Jew for
our Secretary. The same Jew
taught me to be good and charitable. Speaking about thc Jews, I
want to say the Jews are the only
people that cannot be crushed. For
thc last two thousand years under
awful oppression they still exist,
helping one another, strong, against
every storn. hurled against them by
other peoples. They are prolific in
child-bearing, while, rich in literature, and for that they must thank
Moses, the greatest king that ever
lived and the greatest philosopher.
Who can sit on a throne and not
consider himself smaller than
These words were spoken by the
Queen of Roumania, "Carmen Sylvia, the Composer Queen." In this
she shows herself an angel, protector of Jews. She speaks so fine for
the Jewish cause as to cdver up her
devilish traits. Now as to the actual happenings in. the land ruled
by thc same Queen that speaks so
gently. We receive news that
thousands of Jews in the capital
are starving and freezing; hundreds walking the streets unable to
get a crust of bread for wife and
children. Many wish themselves
dead in order to escape misery. In
the parliament recently they bring
up the Jewish question and" a deputy asks Ihe minister how will it
be when Russia grants thc Jews
their rights? Must Roumania do
likewise? Answer: First, Russia
will grant no rights to Jews, and
if she did, Roumania need not follow. We are the powers here. All
the protests from other nations are
not worth the paper they are writ
ten on! He assured the deputy
that Jews would get no rights in
Roumania. This anti-Semite policy
in Roumania finds this expression.
Twelve hundred and fourteen Jews
recently applied for citizen papers.
Only three were admitted and they
were rich, and bribed deputies. The
J Jews can only live in the big cities.
They are not allowed to live in thc
country or small towns. With the
connivance of the government they
are boycotted commercially. They
cannot deal in wheat nor tobacco
nor liquors. Jewish workingmen
are forbidden to join or form
unions. They are also prevented
from contracting for work on their
own account. Jews suffer in Russia but they still have a little show
there. In Roupiania they arc
treated many degrees worse than
even in Darkest Russia under the
hand of the brutal Czar. At the
present time hundreds arc being
killed antl outraged in indiscriminate massacre. All of which goes to
show that thc charming "Carmen
Sylvia," songstress and poet, is
Angel and Devil under one mask.
Of all the experiments reformers make to eliminate the "conflict of interest" that arises between the buyer of labor-power and
the seller thereof, arbitration is the
onc most often essayed. Whenever
it fails—and given well-developed
capitalism it must fail—the ajxilo-
gists foi the present system say:
"I told you so; another failure of
Socialism." Goldwin Soih&j ever
anxious to get in a "knock," pretends to regard all Utose middle-
class social reform schemes as lieing an integral part of Socialism.
Strikes are breaking out in New
Zealand in spite of Arbitration
Cotirts. Therefore he says, contemptuously : "So much for one of
the triumphs of our Socialistic
iriends." No well-informed Socialist ever stood sponsor for thc New
Zealand attempts to preserve the
middle-class capitalist state.
Compulsory arbitration is a fail
ure because as a matter of fact
"there is nothing to arbitrate." As
well might onc seek to arbitrate the
price of "onions" as to arbitrate the
price of labor-power, i. c, wages of
labor. A court can but record in
formal terms what thc "law of the
market" says shall be thc price.
That law—the law of supply and
demand—operates without caring a
rap for court decisions. If there is
more labor-power offered for sale
than the demand for it can absorb,
its price finally will go down in
spite of all unions, courts, and other
experiments to keep it up. Labor-
power is a commodity of which
onc cannot limit the supply so easily as one can stop the production
of cotton or coal oil, for it practically means an organized effort to
stop the production of thc human
species, and that in turn finally
means the extinction of the race.
The workers of New Zealand,
finding out the futility of courts,
are trying another equally futile experiment—that of a strike. If the
market is favorable they will get a
raise, but ultimately it must gp
against them, because the adoption
of up-to-date labor-saving appliances which is accelerated by reason
of workingmen striking, means an
overstocked labor market.
However, out of this wage market squabble over jobs and conditions of servitude there will grow
and develop the class struggle for
the control of the state and the abolition of the wage system. We
herald the break-down of the middle-class palliatives not as a defeat
for Socialism, as our bourgeois
philosopher would have us believe,
but as a necessary preliminary to a
Socialist triumph.
J. T. M.
Cromwell, in obedience to that
unwritten, antl at that tmpcrceived
law that compels thc evolution of
society, once had occasion—referring to thc mace, thc emblem of
royal power—to say: "Take away
that bauble." No doubt the action
of our representatives in thc l.ical
legislature in refusing to pay respect to Dunsmuir was impelled by
similar perceptions. They are at
war with thc social system of which
the Lieutenant-Governor is the
figure-head. Thc present bourgeoisie pretend to he horrified at
their action. Let them possess
their souls in patience. When our
tribe gets numerous enough they
may get a genuine shock in seeing
all those musty trappings of a bygone age, mace, sword, cocked hat
and all thrown out of thc most
convenient window.
S ewe
by baying thiv
tellable, lionetts
high grade *****
ins mac—iiM*
Nation-I Scwini Machine Co-
• r actorv at ne-vneaa at. *
G. A. OKELL, Manage*
Dread aud Cakes delivered to any
part of the City.   You can always
depend upon our bread.    Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria & C
J. Edward Bird.    A. O. Brydon-Jfck
Tel. S39. P.O. Box, ttt.
m H_eti__a St. . . Ntmrntotrver. BC.
Allium*   STREET.
tint tlaas Ha*.       Kiorllc-t Hnom*v
frtrra M.-sk-mio.
Union Directoi
Wb« Th-, Mart, where The, _«,
Kver- l.«bur Un!0T! (n ,h \
mouth.    Secretaries) t-le.se uoUu '-
Intsraatkmal ANc**u,_on of i
and Structural Ironworker, i
^aKlTT**™ L,abor K«l|
8 p. m.    B.  Jardlne.  lU-.-orslln
mtary. Box UN, Vancouver,
Phoenix     Miners'   Union
W. F. M.    Meet,   eviry Sa
evening at 730 o'clock in
hall.     John    Mclnnis,    pM
Walter Morrison, Secretary
T.aa.la Mlnera Union 11-, p/\
ineeU every Saturday 7 ,„ ,,|
MineisHall. T. Rutherford Sec
Vananda, B. C.
IllSllllSraf Sl
> lalCsalntL
•is g er
C. PETERS  *•"""■
ta*   ■ biMW     MUt-Hi
Hkud-Mad* aot.4* •nrl afcor* i„   , ■„ .
all aryh*.   ReTMtitu-* |-r«.i-,i!, .mi-**!]
ly dewe.     Mock of ».»•..,   ,. „;. ,
An.      N-.ni
•0   YEARS*
WANTED—At the Ymir General
Hospital, a duly qualified Practitioner and one witb a number of
years experience. For particulars
write to
Secretary Ymir C.eneral Hospital.
P.O. Drawer 606, Ymir, B.C.
Ploaup do not address communications relating to party affair* to thla
111 per or tta editor. The addresses of
the Dominion and Provincial Secretar*
'•-» win be found In column S, page Z.
By aiMro-aiiiK nil communications to
them much confualon and unnecessary
stork will be Avoided.
Truor. M»*»t
Ctrtntcmt Ae
J * **»(ri, *>. 1 .'j*.--;'.. • m
■.■Milt •s*»rt*in <-*>f »-*im.-.| lr** •*•.**• .
iut<r-*«h**> m tmitxtUly r*<*..'»fci_< ..»•.•*•»
tum»*umlt**>it****iiuxl MUCSOOt'"-ivm .
MM *••». <*M*«« *•—»*-• !■ .- •*■ - :•' , :*».-p. 1
r*l*nu .*»**. Ikr-*****. M..i " * <•> i-Mrl*]
*f-rtml *tU: •UhaM <-->•-»>. .* ■.*•« I
Scientific America
a taitaania ******** *****. 1,••-*». nJ
(-laMut. al **r *«<•«<»* •-.-.•<•.     Ter-.* tl I
r: *•«•» a*a«UM, IL *oi4 br »*l ********]
mm. ant, w*. ...-.:■ •■ » c
Sl «•)*• tamt <>•>■•-'
Wsssjrrttuiws; r r. c^-ustrsl
A SUMSU IMfMR   H** *-, ...-« *t *r*|
SMS *******) h* *»-*. ii ii li tj run.
As* y«mr D-*I<m   »n.l ln.i.1 «*■ thai
ITTKTKjV*-    Whr.r not ***  '■>  **<* |
lallma, «*• able. -ilr*. i. ».■—< **j
r-srelpt ol« ».»i»* fSsst
Mr !«•  f-t* I" ******
»*t**Uft**-''-l*%—'\ "*
******* 6m- - .•j.****;.
Mall'-t  ****   «  *'•*>*  '*
*»•»—sji s****'*»'*--   ********
■*t*tt  H->*J«*r  fcr«.rtrt
t* ***** *». «.»—■■*
at. flTSeVSKM  AH'I-  A   UMIL l<«|
p. o. ii»< «"-.■:
('.a. A.
United Hatters of North Amerii
When you are buylna a WVH HAl *•
_.* _.    _      . __■____.      •  __._.!     I.    unii-fUs    11)    '••
that tha Oanulne Union Label Is ».-«
a retailer haa loose l-bela .In hl» P<*^*
offers to put one In a hat for you. do not pa«g
him. Loose labels In reull atore». nre counw *,
Ths genuine Union Label is P«rforH,„n Ct,3
edges, exactly tbe same as a poatag-- itsjnp- J
terfeiu ara soms times perforated on •"" „•"
and soms times only on two. John i» »»
of Philadelphia, I* a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOMPITT, I"lresWcnt, Or»nit»
, N. ■»•
MARTIN  LAWLOIt, gocretar), » Waverlf
Ham Tork.
COKE is an excellent fuel for grates, hal!  stoves, furnscsi1 •>
cooking atoves, making a clean, bright fira without smoke or air.
Vancouver Oat Company. Ltd.
■■ ________________________________HB_________|
pBtyTand stand boldly alone with
the Socialists in defense of some
social right for the workingman
The amendment prcvposed to di
l,a7c 3tained r tl^^ nit**;
iulent attitude. Like a little band
5 Isliniaelites, their hand has sometimes been against one, and then
The wnendment prc-posed to o»- m-s- -~ ^      striking
ferent bills by the Socialist   mem- agamsi
„. ^__. . loons
tal; he, like.the rest of the "good
intentioned"" bourgeoisie, "will do
anything for the workers but get
off their backs."
-.—- VRML_^_^-_^_^_^__
The proletariat of Finland gave
us a lesson.    Shall we heed it?
Fernie, B. C, May 4,1907.
    and thFrnac^irieTjroT"pro
duction be made to take on legal
form. One faction of capitalists
mav be interested in certain
schemes that will work detrimentally to the interests of some other
tion. ft is pointed" but by this
paper that 4,110,000 persons have
emigrated from Ireland to various
countries and that this number
equals !)3 per cent, of the present
population of the country.
aireai-iwjjT^-S!^^  ■-;■ ■-, ■:, 


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