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The Western Clarion Oct 20, 1906

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 Ithe western clx£ion
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
. ii
I mi-'-     396.
Vancouver. British Columbia, SaUirday, October 20, 1906
sntiaciiptinn Prlee am. ||f|
Synopsis of the Proce-edfoge of .the fourth Provincial Convention of the Socialist Party Held at Nelson, British Cot-
umbia'on the 6th, 7th and 8th of October, 1906.
Proceeding, of the British Colutn-
, ■    iirnvincial Convention of the So-
V,\- Union HaU, NeUon, Oct. 6, 1906.
Pint Day.
nvention called to order at 10 a.
ill V tilt 1 Mi ■    »-""""_ -a. a     at     ..
"% iTovincial Secretary   McKcn-
V.mrade    John    Mclnne.    ol
Z Jit elected temporary chairman
1   1 .  imradc W. H. Moore of rcrntc
i,,d ( ;;uy  secretary of the  conven-
^^^^^^^   (Revel
^A sssu **
„ G Mckenaie appointed a commit
r on credentials
.mrades J    H.  Hawthorirthwaitc,
M    '"' (Nanaimo),   E.   T.   KTng. cy
v ,Louver)   and Thoma.   I*ouT«ton
„,,,,. on order d business.
1 'invention adiourned   or  tji mm
,.,,   to allow committee, to report.
"Mn'c'nvTning   K.fOIMrtgng
rck-nt.aU reported finding the -j*
wHnTheiVdaty attested P£™s:King
wins delegates entitled to vote, w
w;„ flte.r duly attested proa.es:
Vancouver Local, No. I. E 1. Kir
.ley   , vote.; Nanaimo Local, No
■  u ■Hawthornthwaite. 1 vote. Jan
^^^^^^^ lIUlllMin- ,
'Cartwright I vote; Nelson Lccal No.
4, A. W. Harrod 2 vote.-, Revelstoke
I i-ral No. 7, H. Siegfried 2 votes;
Phoenix Local No. 8, J. Mclnne. ?
votes; (Irecnwood ljOcal No, 9, E
Mill*. 2 vote.; Michel Local No. 16,
Geo. Whiting 2 vote.; Fernie Local
W. 11. Moore 3 votes; Ross
Berry   ?
hnd   Local   No.  JS,  A.   i*.
vote*; Boundary Falls Local No. 25.
Tho. I'oulstcn 2 votes.
Report adopted as read.
Comrade Harry Stable given a scat
and vote as delegate at large.
The Committee on Order of Busi-
ne*. recommending order oi business:
i*t. Election of Permanent Officer*
f.r the Convention.
-nd, Addreu of Welcome by Com.
•rd.    Report of  Provincial    Secretary .
ith, Comideration of I'arty Consli
sn 111» .iriij  Platform
5th.    Parliamentary Report.
uth. Resolution..
7th, Party Work and Organization
Mi, Good of the Movement.
'ith. Adjournment.
keport   of   Committee   adopted   as
read.    Comrade. Mcinnes and Moore
temporary officer, of thc Convention
made permanent officer, in their re?
l'i-. tive positions.
On behalf of Nelson Lccal, Comrade Harrod, in a brief addres wcl-
comed the delegate, to Nelson.
A motion throwing open the mcet-
«ip of thc Convention to all worker*, and excluding representative, of
thc capitalist press, was tarried.
The   Provincial   Secretary's   state
ment   of  the   Party   finances  during
hi.   term  cf  office  was  received  as
f'dlows: l
General Pond.
On Hand.   June 15th  $4*55
Receipts to Oct 6th   126*15
Total $16880
Expenditure* $ 96-75
Balance on hand $119*0
Organising Fund.
endorsing their actions in thc House
and their efforts on behalf of lhe
working class.
The Convention then adjourned at
10 p.m., to meet again at 10 a.nt,
Oct. 7th.
Second Day.
Under the head of Resolutions the
proposed Ijabor I'arty was thoroughly discussed and Comrades Berry,
llawtltornthwaite -nd Kingsley were
appointed a committtee to draft a
resolution dealing with thc same.
Comrades Pouuton, Kingsley and
Mills were appointed a committee to
draft a resolution dealing with the
arrest and imprisonment of Comrades
Moyer, Haywood and  Pettibone.
Thc Convention adjourned at 12:30
p.m., to meet again at  i p.m.
On reconvening the committee on
the proposed Labor Party submitted
the following resolution, which was
unanimously adopted:
WHEREAS, thc Dominion Trades
and Labor Congress at its recent
session in Victoria took steps to establish a Labor Party in thc Dominion  of  Canada, and.
Whereas, no political party can correctly express thc labcr movement
unless it stands for the abolition of
capitalist exploitation, and thc wage
system under which it is effected, and
Whereas; there is nothing in the
published account of the proceedings
of the Trades and Labor Congress
in reference to the setting up of this
proposed labor party to show that
it had any such purpose in
therefore be B^^^^Er
Resolved, that we condemn the set- i turther
ting  up of  any  and  all  such  "labor!	
parties'' as calculated to deceive, confuse and mislead the workers into a
line 01 action that not only cannot!
relieve them from the stress of capitalist exploitation, but must inevitably
tend to a prolongation of their present miseries, and their further degradation and, bc it further
Resolved, that wc warn all workingmen to bc extremely cautious in
giving  support to such schemes lest
The following telegram from Comrade Ccxion, on behalf of Winnipeg
Local was read.
"To thc Socialist Convention, Nelson, B. C, greetings. We stand pat
on Revolutionary Platform."
Secretary Moore was instructed to
send a suitable reply.
Corriradcs Frank Phillips of Nelson
adn W. Davidscn, M. P. P., of Slocan,
were given a seat and voice in the
The matter of a Party Press wa.
discussed by thc Convention as a
Committee of the whole. The Committee rose at 12:30 p.m., and the
Convention adjourned till I -30 p.m.
On reconvening the Committee on
thc Crow's Nest strike submitted the
following resolution, which was unanimously adopted:
WHEREAS, another of those industrial disturbances that are the inevitable result of the irrepressible
conflict of interest between the capitalist class and the workers, has broken out at thc mines of the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal company, resulting
in thc closing of the mines and leav.
ing a large number of workingmen
without means of subsistence for
themselves and  families;, and
Whereas; owing to the complicated
nature of modern industry the effect
of this shutdown, if long continued,
will disastrously effect thousands of
workmen employed in other line, of
production: and
Whereas; these industrial disturbances and the disastrous effects following in their wake are but the logical and inevitable consequences of
thc present system of property in the
means of wealth production, therefore
bc it
Resolved, that we extend our sympathy to the striking miners of the
Crow's  Nest Pass in their efforts to
withstand the agressions of the Coal
view;! Company, and urge upon them to use
' I atvery legitimate means to prevent any
rights and privileges as workingmen,
and be it further
Resolved, that we urge upon them
the necessity of taking immediate
and decisive step, towards ending the
rule of capital and its brutal exploitation of labor, by lining up with the
revolutionary working class movement of the world for the purpose of
assuming thc control of government
and thc mastery of industry, thus
bringing to an end the present era
of exploitation, class brutality, and
industrial warfare.
The Convention referred back to
the fourth Order of Business. The
report of the committee on amendments tn the Constitution was submitted, discussed clause by clause,
amended and adopted as amended.
The constitution as revised and amended was unanimously endorsed and
the Provincial Executive Committee
was empowered to correct clerical or
other errors.
Delegates were instructed to make
statements to their respective locals
of their hotel and transportation expenses. This statement to be forwarded without delay to the Provincial Secretary, together with a report
of the numbers of members in good
standing en Oct. ist.
On motion of Comrade Foulston
of Boundary Falls, seconded by Comrade Scigfreid of Revelstoke, Vancouver was unanimously chosen as
the seat of the Provincial Executive
Committee until the next Convention
is held.
Comade Moore of Fernie, was instructed to stop off at Moyie on his
way home to assist in organizing a
Local at that point, and to send bill
of expense incurred to the Provincial
Executive Committee.
It was resolved that the Convention call upon all Locals to do their
utmost towards organizing new locals, whether in their own or adjoining districts.
After stirring addresses by a number of comrades, the Convention ad-
-          -■—*-
Extract Prom a Lecture on the "Economics of Labor** Delivered by H. Quekh to Hie Economic Club of tne Polytechnic Institute London, England, Some Years Since.
Labor is a commodity, and like other 1 not by the productivity of labor, but
commodities, it exchanges in thc mar- \ by its cost of production (which in
ket at its cost of production in human
labor. That is, tfte labor-force of the
laborer is sold in the free and open
labor market, at what it costs to produce that labor force. We have no
slavery here. "Britons never will be
slaves!" The free British workman
is not sold, neither does he .sell himself. He brings into the market his
commodity—the only thing of any
value which he possesses—-nis power
to labor, the labor-ferce which is embodied in his person. There is nothing in thc world to compel him to
my humble judgment i. the central
fact in the economics cf labor) you
see how useless are many of the proposals of your social reformer., and
how fallacious are many of the teachings of your political economists.
Remember that the operation of
this law is imperative and inexorable
as long ai piesent conditions obtain.
It is no use appealing to the justice
of the capitalist. He, as capitalist,
is in duty bound to buy labor, a. well
as other commodities, as cheaply a.
possible. If he is so noble minded
so  quixotic,  as to  pay  an  artificial
sell   this   labor-force—but   sheer   ne- --. ■-y«r-r-   ^ama-   - -•
cessity.    He can keep it if he likes- P.nce for labor   the economic condi-
nd starve.    But "il faut vivre," and t,ons. wh,ch- 1,ke th« Almighty, are
■- *- -.x.—  .. 11 _. t-ii..-,,,.-,! no   respectors  of   persons,   have   no
encroachments     upon
l any 1 uci   .',   uniimu.j,
their J jouriied sine die.
they  unwillingly  he   induced  to  tot-
low a line of action that because ot
it* false premises and obscure coo*
elusions, can but lead to disappointment and final disaster.
The following resolution submitted
by   Michel   Local.   No.   16, was  lost:
"Resolved that, in tlie opinion of
this Convention, BO Socialist should
hold an official position in any Labor
The  committee  on  the  arrest
of   comrades   Moyer
How the Demon of Capital Merafessfy Fries the Fat out of
its Victims in Dunsmuir's Modern Inferno at Extension.
The Coal Pit a Veritable Torture Chamber.
l.ast week I dealt with rhe general j dollars a yard, that is, for every yard
1 ■        a—..-    l:.   _i    1..   „j-«,.,„,l   txMirx
conditions, or. raflier, with the sev
cral and separate influences which in
combination go to determine thc conditions of work at Dunsmuir's Extension mines. This week I propose
to finish off this series ot letters by
an account of the actual and disciplinary facts of work whkb the miner
rubs Up against in his dark and dangerous struggle for a living. And
these same daily conditions 1 will
ahow to be often unjust, not unsel
dom illegal, and nearly always harsh,
cruel and oppressive.
•After thc strike Dunsmuir found
it desirable to make some changes
among the chief officers of the mine.
To the great despot's infinite astonishment he discovered in his bosses
a bright and burning spark of man
-     - - *-x       .*.
On hand, June 15th .
Receipt, to Oct. 6th
.$ 6400
.. 15530
imprisonment   ...   ~ 	
Haywood and Pettibone Submitted the
following resolution, introduced by
Ccmrads J. H. Hawthornthwaite,
member of the Provincat Legislature for Nanaimo, B. C, and seconded
by Comrade E. T. Kingsley, editor of
the Western Clarion:
WHEREAS, Charles Moyer, William D. Haywood and Geo. Pettibone,
officers and members of the Western
Federation of Miners, have been seized by the ruffianly retainers of the
Mine-Owners of Colorado and Idaho;
and ^^^^^^
Wbereas,  such   seizure  and  incar-j ^i!'"'X'J'~t '"'.v.'  •_      • ... >
ceration has been effected upon flim I thc* *** <so the.mpenous one^d.s-
he drove bis place he received two
dollars in addition to his tonnage.
If he had dirt which exceeded two
feet in thickness he received more
proportionately in "yardage." At the
present time he may be .handling
four feet of dirt, but if he is not a
sucker, he counts himself the luckiest
man, not in the province but in the
Dominion, if he gets a cent more than
his 75 cents a ton.
Again, there are working places
driven for purposes of ventilation called cross-cuts. For these he was
paid at the rate of 75 cents a ton and
three dollars a yard. Now he is a
lucky man if the gets two dollars a
yard, and many men get nothing.
More than that, it used to be the custom (and still is under the one boss)
for  the  men  working the  stalls  to
though others as well as Talleyrand |
may not see the necessity, it is this
very  necessity  to  live  which   makes
it  imperative  on  the  otherwise pro-
pertyiesrs   laborer   to   sell   his   onlyi
valuable    possession—his    one    ewe
lamb—his labor.    But hc has no monopoly.     There are other laborers in
the market,   equally   ready,   equally
anxious , to sell the same commodity,
with the result that this, like all other
co.pinodi* 1 s    offered    under   similar
condiiiot-.s. gene •*. "y exchanges at its
cost of production in human labor. So
much food, clothing and shelter, all J
produced by  labor,  is  necessary  for*
the     production     and    maintenance
of the laborer. :nd this forms the basis nf the exchange value of his labor-force.    Stated in ether terms the
basis of w:.gcs is the cost of subsistence of the laborer.     This is called
the "iroii  l;.w of wages"  with reference to which I shall have something
to say later.    At present we are considering the . source  of surplus-value.
The laborer sells  his labor then, on
the average,  as all commodities  are
sold, at its normal exchange value—
its cost  of    production.       But    the
amount of wealth which the laborer
produces in the t iroemitvwfc hrdl ffi
produces  in  the   time   for  which he
has sold his labor-force, is out of all
proportion  to  what  it  costs to produce and maintain bis labor-force for
that time.     This, tlie difference  between      what     he     produces     and
this      own      cost      of      production,
is    surplus    value,     and     is    taken
duction, is surplus-value, and is taken
and divided up by the capitalist into
rent,  interest,  profit.     This  surplus-
value then, this profit, is so much robbery effected by taking advantage of
the necessity of the proletarian—the
naked,   propertyless   laborer.      But,
you say, the laborer is perfectly free,
he made  his  own bargain, it was a
free and open contract, how can it be
described as robbery?    I do net want
—   respectors     ^^^    ^^^^^^^^
mercy on him, but relentlessly thrust
him on one side to make room for
another less scrupulous than himself.
To   preach   temperance  and  thrift
to   the   workers  may  be   very  well.
From the point cf view of abstract
morality the practise of temperance
and thrift and industry may be a good
thing,   but   economically   considered
the practise of thrift and abstinence
and industry not only does not advantage the worker, but is frequently
pernicious.     The   practice   of   thrift
and abstinence simply means for the
workers reducing their consumption
and ultimately reducing their standard 0* comfort—their cost of living
and  consequently  their  wages.    To
be industrious does not mean for the
worker increased wealth and increased comfort, but increased production
of surplus-value    for    the   capitalist
class,   which   surplus-value   is   being
piled   up  around   him   in   masses  of
overproduction which do not belong
to him, which he man net consume,
but  which   frequently   condemn  him
to involuntary idleness, and, by intensifying tbe competition in the labor  market, help    to    force    down
Recognizing the inexorable working cf these economic laws you will
see how fallacious are the theories
of political economists as to individual liberty, freedom of contract between the propertyless proletarian—
the laborer with nothing but his labor
to sell, and therefore compelled to
sell his labor—and the capitalist, with
whom it is a matter of indifference
whether h*e buys the labor of this
particular    individual    or   of    some
What is the value of individual liberty of the laborer who, being thus
compelled to sell his labor, must of
necessity sell it for a bare subsistence without regard to its product-
Of wbat value is free trade
hood and independence.     They even- —■   —     ^^^
dared  to  refuse  to  do the   tyrant's1, get the cross-cuts turned out of these
, dirty work by going to Cumberland
I during rite strike.     More than that,
Total $219-3°
Expenditure. ■■    j T,?5fc
B alancc on hand |n9«o
Campaign Fund Receipts •••• * "r5°
The secretary wa. instructed to prepare and publish in the W»»W«£
,o„, a supplementary report,cowrlng
the work of the Provincial Exec, ve
.Comitt.ee  .ince the last C&W«83j
At noon th* Convention adjimrnid
-till  1:30,  pm.  Comrades  Hawth^n
thwaite,   Deny  and   Mc**niie  wt"
:,-,-..,..ied a committee  on proposed
amend-nunt   10  the   Constitu .mi.
The folloni.g. amendments to tne
I'arty Platform were adopted:
1. By striking out Paragraph 2 01
the  platform  and    substituting   the
W,'ida*oor produces •»'» wuc*)hh,an'Uc
thc producers it should belong. 1»■
present economic system is based iip
on capitalist ownership of the met. s
of production, consequently ail in
products of labor belong to th cap
italist class. The capitalist is there
fore master, the worker a slave
By  .triklng  out  of   paragrapn1   3.
line i, the word. WalUts rema n
and sub.tituting the words   capitalist
clas. remains." •       m . „._,,..
3. By inserting after the word   «•
tern," paragraph 5 K"« ♦■ *he Xrv
"under which i. cloaked the robbery
. of thc working class at thc point ol
PfA propped amendment to the plat-
rm advocating thc nfcolition of here
sy, trumped up charges of murder,
based upon evidence undoubtedly
sweated from moral perverts and degenerates, and
Whereas, thc depriving of these
men of their liberty without due process or warrant of law, and in violation even of common decency, ha.
afforded an excellent illustration of
the "
covered) abused their offices by deal
ing fairly and even generously by the
men under them. Here was rank
treason and sedition against every
tradition of the Dunsmuir regime as
well as a foolish waste of sympathy
and a wanton extravagance of generosity in dealing with thc employees
of the mine. It was incontinently
crushed out. The erring bosses were
removed and others found to take
their places. These latter were men
who had not refused to go up to
Union. Two of them were (and are)
crass illiterates, with not an instinct
of manhood left in them.    Their con-
»■««■■ £ i      a 1 ccption of thc dignity of their office
innocence  of   Moyer,  Haywood  aim   fl|U,s cxprcssion in a curris|- snarl at
Pettibone and its utter contempt lor [ thc rcasonaWc demands of the  men
e cowardly ruling class and its con- j      ,     ^       snccr   , proper rc-
— ■■  ■     ■•-■•    ..".linn- ■■■^a^s^sBTsBTaTs^sr *   £.,._; _|.
mc  arbitrary  use  of   power  by   the
present ruling class and its utter contempt  for the workers and their  alleged rights, therefore bc it
Resolved,  that  this  Convention  of
Socialist   Party   of   Canada   exits unshaken confidence in the
thc Wffwvj    «j
science!*'**'*  ruffians who are respon
sibli- for their persecution; and be it
Resolved, that in the opinion of
this body, thc acts of these ruffians
furnish incontrovertible proof of the
loyalty and fidelity of the imprisoned
men to thc labor movement of which
they are a part and whose servants
they arc, and bc it further
Resolved, that on behalf of the So-
comrades and their fellow members
of the Western Federation of Miners,
and pledge ourselves to work hand
in hand with them for the speedy
ending of a system that makes pos-
The resolution was carried unani-
cialists of Canada we hereby extend
Sua" greetings to our.nm-med
quest preferred to them. Their only
idea of their duty to their employer
is to grind thc last cent out of the
men in order to add to thc millons
of tbe owner. Of common courtesy
and the ordinary decencies of human
relationship they are as emptiy a.
they arc of fair dealing as between
workman and employer. The third
boss gets a  good  name  among his
stalls.     Nowadays two of the bosses
reserve  the cross-cuts  for  their fiddlers and pipers, blowhorns and cod*
dlers, and the man in tbe stall  has
to continue his weary swing of the
shovel   without   recompense.     That
it is a weary swing even the unmitigated will understand when 1 say that
heaps of diggers in loading five tons
of coal have to* throw more than that
weight of dirt and extremely heavy
rock in many cases and in every case
much   heavier   than   coal—back   out
of the way to do fo.    It is needless to
detail further instances of reduction?
in wages, every one of them serious.
But   timbering,  so  important  in   its
bearing on thc safety of life and limb,
figures on the list, and now the men
are confronted with a system of individual   contract   letting    which     will
still further increase the profits of tlie
owner at thc  expense of thc wages
of the  workman.     The  gross result
of it all is that wages have fallen at
thc least as much as a dollar a day
in these last two years.     True it is
some men are maning their five dollars a day and ever.    But, as 1 have
so often  had  to say, these arc  the
scabs and the leaders of the chorus
of suckers, and to maintain them at
this  rate of  wages  thc  majority  of
the men arc earning their bare three
-  :^    11   »vity?    _.
to use unneceesarily harsh terms, and   when it only tends to cheapen com-
remember, I am not attacking indi-   modities, and labor as well as other
duals,  but  attempting  to  describe   commodities? when by reducing the
^^^^     - -.   „,;„   cost   0{  production  of labor it  reduces its value in exchange? when by
reducing the price of food it alao reduces the wages of labor?   Yet your
propertyless proletarian is a sine qua
non of capitalism.     Capital, as you
have seen, ceases to be capital if it
ceases to produce profit.    This profit
is surplus-value—unpaid labor—the result of the exploitation of the proletarian.    This exploitation is only possible with your free, naked laborer.
If he were not "free" he could not
sell his labor force, and   if he were
not  naked cf  possessions he  would
not  sell  it  for  a bare    subsistence.
Thus the proletarian is necessary to
capitalism   and   thus   capitalism   produces the proletarian which is necessary for its existence.    Thus capital
the working of the actual economic
system. Your political economists
talk of freedom of contract; but there
can be no freedom of contract ber
tween the man who must sell or die
—who is forced by sheer necessity toj
like Esau, sell his birthright for a
mess of pottage, so to speak, and the
man to whom it is a matter of in^
difference whether he buys or not,
The laborer is forced by necessitjj
to sell, and as a consequence gets, on
the average, but a subsistence in return. All over and above the cost
of subsistence belongs to his exploiters—he has what he bargained for, his
form advocating
itary titles was
An evening session
ditary titles was lost. ,.rM\nt>A
evening session was MM:m ne
upon and the Convention adjourned
till 7.00 p.m
:conv— „
report    from.  Comrade^-^  ^
"^'following resolution introduced by Comrade Mills, was carried
u„aninnmslyjiat ^ Convcntion re-
scale of five dollars. | latter wi
I have said the diggers are paid at
the rate of 75 cents a ton.    So it ap
e. .*-- :..i» -tatement
pears on the'eompaiy's statement.   In
■ • . • ■ 1        at .- ♦ i -"-.a-*
OnTccLvcning the fcWggjgg
cport    from   Comrade    Ha^horn
thwaite.  dealing  with  his   own  antf
Comrade Williams' work in   "e "°.
vincial Legislature, was received and
a   motion   carried   unanimously   ex 	
pressing full confidence in Comrades     ^»»»    c        de Mclnne.
Hawthornthwaite and Wilton". •Ml**. Dy v
.... Executive Committee to
QUC|SLS to organize Socialist locals
endeavor £ "gjiey of the Province
in every a
;.., the ourpose in view of running
r'SndfchSe" in each constituency at
th^rConvention adjourned .0 meet
at 10 a.m., Oct. 8.
Third Day-
Convention  called  to  order  at  10
men; but naturally his just instincts.  .     ^^^
arc checked just as his powers are! dollars and some as low as their two
curbed by thc example of his two* dollars. Truly a munificent rate of
colleagues. Of course, these latter | pay for men who have to incur deadly
recognise no other system than that ^^^^^^^^^^m**Ma**T^^^
described last week, and how they
•have worked it to the detriment of
thc men generally  I am now going to
Prices have been cut and wages
fallen all round. Thc seam of coal
at Extension is eminently an easy one
to work, and therefore vastly profitable to thc great Mogul who claims
possession of it. But it is irregular
and overlaid with dirt of varying
thickness. The miner in getting out
thc coal has perforce also to take
out thc dirt. Now for the coal the
digger is paid, or alleged to be paid,
at the rate of 75 cents a ton. The
dirt he has to stow away in getting
out the coal is included in this price.
But before the strikes and under the
traitorous bosses alluded to, if the
amount of dirt hc had to handle was
two feet thick he was paid say two
1.4-   mac..-..*.   *.-.- 0 -
wages.    What right has he to more?
In thc result there is, generally speaking, no relation between the value of
a man's work, between the value of
what   he  produces   and what  he  receives.    What he receives is governed, not by what he produces, bul by
what he must have to live to go on
working.     It is sometimes urged as
an objection to this that wages vary-
in different countries.     Precisely, and
this, which at  first  sight  appears to
disprove,   really   goes   to   prove   the
truth of the theory  I  am  propounding.    Although it is sometimes sought
to show that thc labor of some men
is vastly more productive than that
of others, it  is  fair  to  assume, and
facts   and   experience   go   to   prove,
that   there   is   nowhere   such  a  difference in the productivity of labor as
would account for the extraordinary
difference   in   wages.      The     British
workman is doubtless the finest fellow on the face of the earth, as his
I pastors  and  masters  tell  htm when
they   want   to   keep   him   contented;
but hc cannot do twelve    times   as
Yet the
m^&^^m^ Sta.T3
truth it is a baseless fiction,
cars used in the mines have a cubic
capacity of about 33 feet. Now a
box of a capacity of 40 cubic feet,
loaded level full with loose coal, holds
one ton. But this estimate is obtained from a coal of a light specific
gravity. Thc coal at thc Extension
mines is of an extremely heavy nature, '"tut even if we take this reck-
onig, an Extension car, level full,
should contain over 16 cwt. of coal.
A. things are, however, if the box
be packed with coal as high as twelve
inches above its own height, the dig-
^ (Continued on page three.)
while thc former wants four shillings. The Chinaman gets fourpence
a day because he ha« learned to live
on fourpence a day. When you have
taught the Britis,h workman to live
on fourpence a day—if capitalism
continues—he will get but fourpence
a day, although he may do just as
much work as he does today. There
is, of course, a constant effort on the
part of workmen to force wages
above it; hut at thc same time, as
with all other commodities, competition is constantly operating to force
down the price of bbor—wages—to
its normal level.
Once you have clearly understood
thc working of this economic law,
this "iron law of wages," this fact
that thc return to labor is governed,
grows by what it feeds on, and thus
labor becomes poorer the more it abstains and the more it saves.
You will thus see that not only is
the poverty of thc workers essential
to capitalism    but    that    capitalism
maintains and intensines this poverty
so that all the well intentioned efforts
of   social   reformers  to   mitigate  its
evils  merely  furnish  capitalism with
additional"   weapons.       Temperance,
thrift,  industry  only  serve to make
labor an easier or more valuable prey
to capital.     If they reduce the cost
of  living in any particular they but
reduce thc cost of labor to the capitalist.     Take education again. There
is a growing cry of technical education, in order, it is said, to enable us
to  compete   with   foreign  countries.
What does this  mean  save  that in
those   countries   with   which   we  are
called upon to compete education itself is being eploited, that the mono-
self is being exploited, that the mono-
bas been broken down by the spread
of  education and  that  skilled  labor
is now on thc same level as unskilled.
A   recognition   of  these  facts  not
only demonstrates the fallacy of many so-called reforms, but points the
direction in which we should proceed
in  order to eliminate  the  evils arising, from present conditions.    We see
that the mere cheapening of the cost
of living only tends to reduce wages
and thus cannot advantage the worker.    We must, therefore, aim at raising thc standard of life rather than
cheapening  the  cost  of  subsistence.
We  must  see  that  public money i.
well spent rather than that taxes are
reduced,  and   that  the  worker,  are
provided   with   better   and   healthier
(Continued on Page Three.)
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Watch thla lafctal on your pa-
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yaur eubacrlptlon expirae tka
letlce until siidi readjurlttrient' til the
control of industry a. will give free
play not only to the social character
of production itself, but to tbe social
distribution of the product and it.
application to the satisfaction of common needs and the promotion of the
common welfare.
With the control of industry in
the hands of capital, human society
is   continually   confronted   with   the
mine, which caused it to break on
January a«th, 1904 resulting lit the
killing Of fifteen mett, was -deliberately
planned at a meeting of mine owners.
Baldwin wai present at thi. meeting.
The purpose of the act wat to throw
discredit upon the Western Federation of Miners, and thus assist in
breaking the strike. The killing of
fifteen men wa. merely incidental to
the carrying out of the scheme and
danger of widespread disaster result-  did  not  in   thc   least   disturb   these
Saturday, October ao, 1906.
As a result of some trouble arising between the Crow's Nest Pass
Coal Company and its employees, the
mines and coke ovens of the company
at Coal Creek, Fernie, and Michel are
tied up by a strike. As all of thc
coke used in the smelting industry in
the Boundary and adjacent districts,
comes from the Crow's Nest region,
the effects of the strike arc imediately
felt by the smelting and metalliferous
mining interests of the Province. Already some cf the smelters have been
compelled to close some of their fur
naces, and, should the strike be long
continued, will be forced to suspend
operations entirely. Unable to get
their ores smelted, the mine operators
will likewise be compelled to suspend
operations. By this process thou
sands of workmen outside of those
implicated in the original trouble will
be forced into idleness. With their
earning power thus cut off they will
be compelled to curtail their expenditures to the lowest notch, and the
far-reaching effects of the Fernie
strike will be passed on through them
to a multitude of other work-people
who may perchance never hear of
the trouble between the Crow's Nest
Pass Coal Company and it. employees and would probably not be
interested in it if they did.
Without going into the immediate
c-ause of the strike at * Ferrfe, it
were well to point out the extreme
danger which threatens human soci
ety under the present orcapitalist
control of the means of production.
Upon the uninterrupted operations of
the machinery of wealth production
depends the very life of human kind
So complicated and sensitive bas become the process of production, because of the advent of the powerful
mechanical agencies by means of
which it is carried on, that the evil
effects of its interruption at any given point or in any part of the process,
are quickly spread throughout the
length and breadth of the land, and
if the interruption be serious and
long continued, suffering and misery
will become widespread and far-reach
The production and distribution of
wealth  is  today essentially a  social
process. Into thi. process i. poured
the energy, the life force, the labor-
power of every person who is forced
to depend upon his own labor for an
existence.    The  very   fact  that  this
multitude  of workers are compelled
to  work   shoulder  to  shoulder,  and
side by side, each doing his little part
in the great  process cf  production,
Stamps that process as essentially a
social or  collective  affair.    That  it
is frequently interrupted by outbreaks
such as the one at Fernie, that spread
misery and destitution in their wake,
is due to the fact that the true social
function of    modern    production    is
hampered   in its expression  by the
present  class  control  of the means
whereby it is earried on.    While production itself, is each day assuming
a  more completely social character,
the control of industry and the appropriation of the product remain, antisocial.    This control and appropriation remain, in the hand, of a class,
while the highest and best interests
of the workers demand that it should
ret in "the hand, of society   as    a
whole.    By every outbreak and interruption such a. the one at Fernie, thc
modern process of wealth production
expresses itself a. in rebellion against
the capitalist control  of production
and consequent appropriation of the
product.    These outbreak, will occur
with ever greater frequency and vio-
ing from ann extended and serious
interruption of production. The relations existing between capitalists
and workmen are of necessity, of such
a nature as to render an explosion
possible at any moment. Some trifling difference, inconsequental in itself, may so magnify itself in the eyes
of employer and employee as to readily become the spark that fires the
train leading to an industrial explosion that may paralyze the industry
of a continent and spread ruin and
destitution in its waake. In sheer
self-defence, in obedience to the instinct of self-preservation, human society will, sooner or later, be forced
to assume control cf its mean, of
production in order to insure itself
against thc devastation and disaster
that is an ever present danger under
capitalist regime.
It is hoped the workingmen rendered idle because of this Fernie strike
may learn thc lesson well during their
period of idleness, so that they may
know what course to steer in the
future, to the end that the present
dangerous situation may be speedily
abolished by human society assuming
mastery of its means of existence, and
thus placing itself in a position to
safeguard the lives of the individuals
composing it. The workers may
well learn the lesson for it devolves
upon the working class to bring about
this "consummation devoutly to be
Let us speedily conquer the reins
of power and strike down the present
class dominations of industry and appropriation cf its products, and placing such domination and appropriation in the hands of the working-class
where it ought to belong. By so doing human society may escape the
dangers which now threaten, and industrial war be succeeded by industrial peace.
From time to time the smug bourgeois world has been horrified by the
accounts of awful crimes perpetrated
by organized labor in its effort, to
withstand the encroachments of capi
tal. Capitalist sheets galore are continually proclaiming the organtzar
tions of labor as mere band, of ruffians gathered for the purpose of subverting "law and order" and indulging
to the utmost their vicicus propen
sities by indiscriminate outrage, rapine and murder.
It is no doubt true that numbers
of organised labor have, upon occasions, resorted to questionable means
in order to carry a point. But that
organised labor has at any time coun
tenanced, or taken part in, act. of
ruffianly lawlessness, violence, pillage,
rapine and murder, has not yet been
proven to any reasonable person's satisfaction. In times of excitement
due to strikes and similar occurrences
hotheaded men have often plunged,
or been led into the commission of
overt acts. To whatever extent thi.
may have been carried, however, it
has been entirely overshadowed by
the act. of the Colorado mine owner,
in connection with the labor trouble.
in that state cf recent years.
Every one i. familiar with the attempt to railroad the officer, of the
Western Federation of Miner, to the
gallows, and the practical collapse of
the conspiracy. No more coarse and
awkward attempt to murder innocent
men, in order to conserve the interests of a ruling class, wa. ever made
by cheap and conscienceless ruffians
than that made by the Colorado and
Idaho authorities and their hired assassins. Thc light already thrown upon the doings of these contemptible
ruffians and would-be murderers, by
Adams' repudiation of his former
"confession," which he avers was
wrung from him by threats, lha. recently been intensified by an affidavit
made by one, Claude C. Baldwin, who
was thc private orderly in constant
attendance upon that spectacular ruffian lAdjutant General Sherman Bell,
during the Colorado troubles of a
couple of year. ago.
Baldwin aver, that Orchard, the
miserable cur upon whose alleged
"confession" the arrest of Moyer,
Haywood and Pettibone wa. made,
was in the employ of the Cripple
Creek Mine Operators' Association,
during the days of the aforesaid troubles, and wa. making regular report,
to the military force, under "General
Bell's" command. Baldwin swears
that he was present at a certain time
and heard Orchard make his report.
According to Baldwin the weakening
of the cable in Stratton Independence
Baldwin further asserts that the
explosion in the Vindicator mine was
likewise arranged by the mine owners and their agents. Beck and -Mc-
Ccrmack, two of thc conspirators
were killed in this explosion, through
going down in th cage unconscious
qf the fact that their fellow-conspirators had everything arranged for the
The explosion at the Independence
depot was arranged at a meeting held
in the Brown Palace Hotel, in Denver. The participants in this meeting
were attorney Crump, A. Holman,
Copcland, Conliton, Moore, Franklin
and Baldwin were present. Although
the intention was to "pull off" the explosion just after the train left thc
depot, by some hitch in the proceed
ings, it wa. brought on just as the
train was pulling in and terrible loss
of life ensued. Thc purpose of the
plot was to still further discredit the
Western Federation of Miners and
aid the authorities in breaking the
Inducement, were offered to get
Baldwin to murder Frank J. Hangs,
attorney for the Federation. This he
refused to do but went to the attorney's office and placed him under arrest.
The inside history of numerous
other incidents of those days are set
forth in Baldwin's affidavit, all going
to show the unbridled ferocity and
brutality of a ruling class that is
aroused the moment it scent, danger
to its right to rule and rob.
Every workingman should be able
to draw a useful lesson from these
exposures of ruling class methods.
It should teach him to view with suspicion every act of military officers,
public officials, police detectives, and
other tools of capitalist power and
repression. He should awaken to
the fact that all of these arc arrayed
against him and his class, and will
resort to every means, no matter how
foul, to protcet and defend the profit
hungry interests that lie behind them
and whose despicable tools and bench
men they are.
Let the workers of Colorado do
their duty on November 6th, by electing and seating William D. Haywood
as governor of the state, and the way
is then opened for a much needed
probing into the doings cf these
bloodthirsty mine owners and their
ruffianly retainers, for the purpose of
dealing out to them a generous in
stalment of what is coming to them.
Capital is the term applied to the
means of wealth production when
used for the purpose uf exploitating
libor. When t!te owner of means of
wealth production ope-ates them
solely by his own labor, su-. b means
of production do not function as cap
ital. The owner, in this case is not
a capitalist.
With the occupation of Cuba by th*
United States forces, the farce of
Cuban independence i< brought to a
close. "Cuba Libre" can now be
shelved and the inhabitants of the
island settle down to the process of
grinding their lives into profits for
the huge American commerce interests whose vassals they arc. If they
do not quietly settle down to the process they will be forced down by thc
uniformed and armed ruffians known
as soldiers who will be poured into
the island in numbers sufficient to do
the job.
That thc American occupation of
Cuba has been directed from the office of thc commercial pirates who
have fastened their clutches upon thc
island goes without saying. It has
been openly stated by influential
journal, that $8,000,000 was subscribed by a syndicate of these pirates to
support the late insurrection and thu.
afford an excuse for intervention by
thc United States upon the plea that
American interests were endangered.
It is openly proclaimed by the more
outspoken conspirators, Senator Be
veridge for instance, that the present
United States occupation will be permanent. Cuba will be annexed. Incorporated into the great republic,
the blood of the Cuban worker, will
be sucked to the last drop by thc
capitalist vampires that hold thc vast
industries of thc nations in their
It is now up to the Cuban workmen to become a part of thc proletarian army of emancipation, not for
thc purpose of securing Cuban independence, but for the purpose of
breaking the chains that bind the
working class to the chariot wheels
of capitalist exploitation in every
land under thc sun. By being forced
into the vortex of American capitalism the Cuban working man will be
compelled to take part in the struggle
of the proletariat for freedom from
wage-bondage. As they become
awakened to the task in hand they
will not regret the ringing down of
the curtain upon the farce of Cuban
independence. They will hail the day
when it shall be wrung down upon
tbe tragedy of capitalist rule, pillage,
rapine and murder.
The "Weekly Sun" in .peaking of
the industry and commerce of thc
Dominion has discovered that our
present position, despite existing
prosperity, is a precarious one, and
uncertainty mu.t exist so long a. the
foundation of our whole industrial
fabric depend, for it. security upon
the continuance of commer nl acti
vity in one country. Our pus.--on i.
precarious because "our whole industrial fabric depends for its security
upon the production of profit." Our
market, in which" we " dispose of the
surplus values wrung from wage
.laves arc at any time liable to become lost to us and "our" industrial
fabric come tumbling about our ears
Precarious? most decidedly so and
getting worse each day. Some time
the worker, will get enough sense in
their thick heads to assume control
of "our" industrial fabric and convert
it to its proper use of satisfying human needs instead of producing profits for a useless class.
The position of the workers at
least, will then become less precarious.
"Teddy" Roosevelt has made another speech, thi. time at Harrisbury,
Pennsylvania. As usual it is a long
drawnout string of platitude, of little
meaning but much sound. It i. now
"Kaiser Bill's" turn to do the spectacular.
True, the political movement of labor is but the expression of its economic organization, that is it. organization in wealth production. This
organization i. effected by "the very
mechanism of the process of production itself." Onr ideological and Utopian friends have slipped a cog in
their reckonings, and are trying to
build up an economic organisation
of labor, when the only such organization possible is even now being perfected and completed under their
noses. Blind? No, just nutty, that's
The concentration of industry is
going steadily forward down in thc
Maritime Provinces of the Dominion
The most notable merger effected
last month was that of the Baptists,
Free Baptists, and United Baptists.
It i. alleged the merger wa. not formed for the purpose of raising the
price of salvation to the consumer,
but to reduce the cost of its production by eliminating the waste incident to the operation of small factories in competition with each other.
It is expected that one result of thi.
consolidation will be the production
of goods of a better grade and more
uniform quality.
The rotten conditions existing
around the meat-packing industry of
Chicago and other places are now
forgotten. The American sovereign
now flops his lips once more over the
savory "potted ham" made from diseased cow udders, with his old time
The ruling class of any given country on earth is the exact counterpart
of that of all other countries. It is
possesed of the same vicious trait,
and reactionary instinct, whether tbe
country in auction be a shoddy and
vulgar republic or a shopworn and
repulsive monarchy. A ruling clas.
never yet existed that would not retort to the vile.t and most despicable
mean, to prolong its rule and maintain it. stranglehold upon the throats
of its victims. The history of civilization is one long drawn out story
of the martyrdom of the -bravest and
noblest and best of human kind, and
every institution that has been fos-
fostered by a ruling class has aided
and abetted that martyrdom. And
the end is not yet. In every land
under the sun the ruling clas. display, the same vicious tendencies,
brutal characteristics and utter lack
of human qualities that havo been the
distinguishing traits of ruling classes
since the shackle, were first rivet-
ted upon the limbs of slaves. The
martyrdom still continues. He who
breaks away from the ignorance and
superstition of the past, the very bulwark of class rule and its horrors,
and dares to lift his voice, and use
his talents to point out to his fellows
the pathway leading to a higher civi-
libation, takes his life in hi. hands,
lucky indeed if he escapes the fang
and claw of ruling dais ferocity.
While the ruling class of the United States is busily engaged in endeavoring to crush the a.pirations of its
people for a greater freedom by im
prisoning those who dan to, give
voice to those aspirations, or tnsitin-j
upon them oil the contemptible persecutions that ruling class ingenuity
can devise, the following account of
similar doings in Spain affords evidence to prove the kinship existing
between the ruling cla.se. of these
two countries although the one i»
spoken of as ihe most advanced republic and the other, one of the most
reactionary monarchies on earth. To
know that similar act. of ruling class
brutality arc occurring "at the same
time in these two countries it lo .trip
thc sham, hypocrisy and pretense off
both thc monarchial and republican
form of government and disclose the
brutal and fcrociou. ruling class
whose mask they are.
This account of Spanish ruling
class ferocity, so closely akin to that
displayed by the ruling class of the
United States towards our comrades
imprisoned in Idaho was contributed
to the columns of London "Justice
by Guy Bowman.
Another Dreyfus Caae.
No doubt Socialists have been feeling keen interest in and indignation
at the arrest of Ferrer, at Madrid, in
connection with thc recent attempt
on the King of Spain. It may be
well to recall the circumstances of the
affair now that the trial is about to
take place.
Francisco Ferrer Guardia is a distinguished Spanish educationist, who
for some time lived in Pari., and acted as secretary to a French Minister
of State. Here he met a wealthy
lady, win- shared his ideals; thc left
him a considerable fortune, with
which he conceived the noble Idea
of founding and endowing what i.
known as thc "Modern School," at
Barcelona, in 1001, since when he ha.
opened 37 similar school., both in
Barcelona and in other placet.
Ferrer's educational scheme, were
not interfered with, and hi. school,
prospered until thc eventful day, May
31, on which Alfonso XIII. drove
through Madrid, after his marriage
with an Knglish woman, who had
abjured the religion of her country
to join him in ruling a nation of
monk-ridden starvelings.
As we all remember, a bomb waa
thrown at thc pair, which failed in
its purpose, and arrest, immediately
followed, beginning with that of an
English journalist named Hamilton,
a perfectly innocent man.
The .tory of Morral, the real culprit, is weft known; but tke zeal of
the reactionary magistracy wa. not
contented, and an opportunity for
crushing .0 strong and ardent a
progressive at Ferrer could not be
missed. A pretext wa. found in thc
circumstances that Morral had act
ed as librarian in the Barcelona
School, and, with absolutely no other
evidence. Ferrer was arretted as a
fellow contpiratcr. Thi. reminds me
of what happened in Pari, exactly
twelve months before. Alfonso wat
in Paris, paying a State visit to a
secular Republic, of which he and hit
Ministers disapprove There, also,
a bomb wat thrown at him, and, a*
rhe French police could not find the
thrower, they did jutt the same thing
as their Spanish colleagues are copying from them today—they arrested
and imprisoned Charles Malato, a
brilliant journalist and propaganditl,
who is no more capable of throwing
a bomb than Prince Kropatkin. Fortunately, public opinion tn France
it becoming to conscious and so
strong that the magistracy there cannot do just as they like, and after
having detained Malato for exactly
six months, they had to acquit and
release him.
Thc "'Escuelat Modern..." which
have been given a very appropriate
name, constitute an ideal institution
for parents who desire to give their
children a sound secular education,
free from clerical fanaticism, and
leading to olher ideals than those
kept in view by the infamous herd
of Spanish and foreign monks, by
which unfortunate Spain is kept in
bonds, and unable to evolve towards
modern institutions.
Ferrer's schools are provided with
extensive libraries; and elementary
text-books in science and other subjects have been translated from the
best foreign writers. Of late years
the schools have become exceedingly
popular, and were developing in proportions alarming to the clerical
domination which weighs so heavily
on Spain. In this fact is to be found
thc reason for the arbitrary and completely unjustifiable arrest and imprisonment of Ferrer.
(Alt these schools are now closed:
libraries, museum., the fund, of the
institute, all are seized. The pupils
have been sent back to their parents,
and the masters, who were ali distinguished pedagogues, have been dispersed. Imagine such an action in a
country where it it notoriout that 70
per cent, of the population are illiterate.
Thc Spanish Government, the tool
of the fanatical gang cf monks and
Jesuits, arrested Ferrer on the ground
of "moral complicity," which is no
ground at all, seeing that people of
talent and ardent convictions arc
placed at the head of every forward
movement, and are brought into
touch with men of all shades of opinion.
iMoreover, in order to satisfy the
rancour of a fanatic and almighty
priesthood, it has not hesitated to
commit a new outrage upon the individual liberty of an illustrious citizen, and has failed once mere to perform the first duty of a civilized nation—namely, to promote the education of thc people.
Ferrer was imprisoned in June, and
was to be tried by court-martial—a
form of trial which presuppose, guilt
7-but the indignation and the outcry
in the Spanish and French Republican
press ha. secured him a trial by jury
m a civil court. It cannot, however,
bc assumed that justice i. thereby assured, for jury-packing i. understood
as thoroughly in Spain a. it i. in Ireland.
The trial begin, thi. week only,
and the "Heraldo de Madrid"'   tells
W. F. M. Meet, ever, s,7 *
evening at 7.30 o'clock jB ii"*»
hnll. V* Ingram. ntam\%a\Af-
PWtnrd. ■ecretarv w *•
•INO, MYPM.JA8K ft ******
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ttt. ttt. P.O. Bo,, 88a
tKhmettaga tt. . , v,urmvv H
Socialist Director;
Party of
under thl*
at th" SeeWnj.
■houlu run a eir)
fl.00 |*er ■„(„,.
BttUah OatantMa Prottiu-iai Kiro-ii*.
Committee. Bodaii.t i-arly „,<£
tta.    Meets every siicm-ite Tina.
i*L .£* 9,   McKennr, Sccrcti,,
Bom Sjo, Vancouver. It  c       ''
atacentlve r.j.nmiu**, -»
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•very alternate Tui-wia*-. j. n
Morgan. Hecretary. 1,1 Uinut
Street. Vancouver, it 1;
ever. No. 1. s. p. „* c«a.
flualiiraa meeUnji -m
Monday etenlng at h. ii.-uart-r,
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Street. Jewish Branch •*,<-« m -*•••-
Sunday night aame hull
Local Wfardpefc 8. P. of C. nxtt>
every first and third Sunday m tk
Voice office building, 211 Ropm
•ve., at 10 jo a. m j Coiaa,
Secretary. 136 Princess Str«*,
Winnipeg, Man.
Local Nelson, S. P. of C    "      te
cry  Friday  evening .it H  ■•m,a-
Miners' Union Hall, N'cltco B C
A. VV.  ll.itrod. Organ
A Traced Nurse. Mustbei
GraffcMte from some »*J es*
Ubfahed hospital, for par*
tkahrs -mite to
Sec Ymir General Hospfcl
Box 506 Ymir, B. C
us the incredible story that the Psb*
lie Prosecutor asks for Hit wntesa
of death to be passed on !>rrer at*1
yet no serious charge can h< brooffat
against him! There i» n,. iirca-
ttantial evidence, the principal pat
inferred being that he it an Anarch*
which i. false, and that h*- - *ti»nl-
ly" responsible for the Madrid oat-
rage. Everybody knows, i"«l ™*
magistrates themselves arr aware «
the fact, that outrages nl 'hai •"»«
are acta committed by isolated a
dividuals who involve nobody w
themselves. It is high time a «**
ious check were put on tlu doing. «
those "Judges'* of all countries
One can only be astounded at tw
audacity of tke infamous demand"
the clericalist reactionaries, «+*'
can have but one result-tlu »CW
tal of the accused-if the A»«*
Court of Madrid care* foi its !"«*
at all.
. I appeal to all earnest n".manual Socialists of this country to P^
test energetically agamtt »u«-h '"''*"
strotities, and to hold meeting* <*•
protest. j
A committee fcr She defence «
Ferrer has been formed, ami 'V* *«
retary, G, H. B. Ward, of .wo Cnd*
Roatf, Sheffield, will bc pleased to forward any resolutions ol •,""" '
which will be used to the best <«'«_
Spaniards are most iu.cepnW« ^
English critici.m and appreciation.
that by publication of these wWW
act. in the Engli.h and foreign prf»
we can hope to arouse in tbem »0'
•en.e of shame. ic,.a
Senor Pi y Arruago   i.   ,'»l.r"s,c.
with Ferrer's defence, and as ttte»
rok defender of Dreyfus and   *«*
he is ever ready to comb-n rcsei
on behalf of the 'League for the ij
fence of the Rights of Man,
a body
which is composed of intellcctviai*
far apart in their ideals us >-'"■
and Anarchist. .■,,■
It seem, almost    impossible (\^
.uch a mon.trous miscarriage >
lice  a. the condemnation of
should occur, but, if it decs, tn
of the  Spanish  monarchy arc '» |{
bered.    The discontent of tbe p  i
is profound, and the fire of '"''r   t
vengc is .mouldering; it needs i>»
Utile spark to set it aflame
,. il.iys «aaaaaaaaaa»aaaaaa»aaaaa»«*««
m wimro, ^ ■*********. **m*t tmnuu.
These calumnn have been placed at
the disposal of the Party. SecrsUrles
of Locals are reaueated to take ad-
vuntage of tbem In. at Intervals, reciting- conditions In thair respective
hlcttlitle. Communications under this
ht.ld should be add-raaaed to the Dominion or Provincial l=*aoreUrlea. Lo-
,.tt| aecretartee are further requested to
look to these columns for •nntmnc**-
ments from the Hbwcutlve Committees.
ny this meana tha business ol the
I'arty wtU ba facilitated and tha Dominion and I>tovlnctal secretaries
relieved of a UtUa of taa Increasing
hurJen of corraepondanca.
Special meeting, Oct. 12th, 1006.
Present, Comrades Kingsley (Organizer). Leah, Dales Pettipiece, Prit-
. hard, Morgan and the secretary.
.'.mites  of   the  previous  meeting
rr.ul and approved.    Communication!
,iii,i monthly reports read from locals
l.os.land,  Fernie  Revelstoke,  Nanai
11,.. Vancouver and Bennington Falls.
Comrade  Pettipiece    appointed    a
committee to get a pamphlet for pro
[iixanda purposes, and a warrant for
J10, autborzed towards printing same.
I he secretary reported his expen-
s< - as the committees repretentttive
at tlie Convention as follows
1 ..re t» Nelson and return .....$18.10
Meal* en route to Nelson    2.65
Hotel   Fxpcn.es  at   Nelson,  3
M< iis and Berth on Steamer on
Return Trip     325
Total. $3000
rirnanirer reported successful meetings at Rossland and Revclttokc and
reported expenses as follows:
l-are 1 -mtlegar to Rossland and
ri turn    ..$ 2.10
I! ml Rossland     175
I-.xira meals on account of lecture* at Rossland and Revel-
stokc     1.85
Total $ 570
Tbe Receipts being:
It m Collection at Rossland . .$ 8.00
li ui Collection at  Revelstoke   5.00
Total $1300
Warrant authorised for $6.00 for
the ftrnani/er'. salary for two day*
lime lost on account of meetings at
Rowland and Revelstoke.
Next meeting cf the executive committee called for Oct. 30. when eon
Minion, expense,  will  be  dealt   with
and per capita struck.
r-'crnie Local $ 500
VV T. Farrell, Member at I-arge
I'net     1 00
j    Cortnya,  donation    toward*.
(•invention Expenses	
Cape Scott Comrade*, donation
io Campaign Fund     S°°
• irgamzing Fund. Collections at
K.ssland and Revelstoke   ...  tjoo
Regular business meeting of October is, icjoo, Comrade Arnar-on in
the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
Statement of expense incurred by
Comrade Kingsley while acting as
delegate to the Convention at Nelson,
was received. The expense of the
trip amounted to $30.00, approved and
bill ordered forwarded to the Provincial Executive Committee. The delegate wat requested to render full
report of Convention at next meeting.
Thc following warrants were ordered drawn:
Literature Agent  $ 910
Rent, Sullivan Hall. 3 5°
Walter Thomas Mills 1500
Rent, City Hall   1500
Advertising Signs      4-°o
Newspaper Advertising     595
Frinting for MHIs Meeting     975
Janitor and   Bill distribution...    250
Stbvc  for   Headquarter.        500
Rent cf Headquarters     10.00
Comrade Dales was appointed
chairman for Sunday evening, Oct.
Financial Report
Collection. Oct.  14.    $7-05
Literature Saks       0.10
Dues        300
Total $1915
Report   received   and   meeting   adjourned.
Total $2900
Warrants, were ordered drawn for
the following sums
K   P. I'etlipiece $10.00
Western Clarion, ad space ... 200
1'igani'.er Salary and Expenses 1170
Dominion Executive (supplies) 5.00
I'ostage     1.00
The following amount, received up
to date:
Previously   Acknowledged   ...$12000
Collccf-Jon at Rossland      8.00
Collection at Revelstoke       5<*°
Total $13380
For downright, dirty, petty larceny
tactics  thc  small business class can
bc depended upon to take the palm.
In   Bellingham   they   have   hounded
Comrade   Cloak,  councilrnan-at-large,
incessantly   since   his   election     and
have at last forced bis employers to
discbargc   him.     They  hope  by this
means to force him to resign his office, but just as in the past such tactics have  failed, they must now fail.
Such actions will only act as a boomerang   against   the   capitalists   themselves.    Men who could not  see the
class struggle and who still clung to
I the old  liug-a-boo that  ail  men  are
equal under the Stars and Stripes arc
now asking themselves and others the
question,    "Why    don't    they    want
Cloak   in   thc   council?"     When   the
truth begins to dawn upon them that
tbe csiinlali*.ts have not as mudh use
for a  working  man  who thinks and
acts in  the  interests of his class as
■ they   have   lor  cattle,   there   will   be
something    doing    in    Bellingham.—
Voice of Labor.
The  above   incident   calls   to  mind
J that the only thing tbat  in tbe least
I disturlK the employer, of labor is to
! have thc workers go into politics on
their own hook.     They can do anything   else   without   causing   even   a
ripple of excitement in thc capitalist
world.     An  encroachment  upon  the
political   preserves   of   thc   capitalist
class is viewed    with    alarm,    even
though   that  encroachment    is    evidenced in so small a way as taking
part in municipal  politics.    Thc fact
of thc matter is that upon its political  side  alone  is the capitalist class
vulnerable.    They know it, and every
one else knows it except some of our
ideological    and    coufused    brethren
who arc going to do great things with
some sort of and "industrial" or "economic"  contraption that tfhey have
conjured   up  in   their   minds.     The
more persistently  the  workers  push
forward towards thc conquest of the
powers  of    government,    municipal,
state and federal, the more untenable
becomes the position of thc capitalists as thc economic masters of wage-
In the Dornain of King lamie
(Continued from Page One)
ger is only credited with 16 cwt,. that
is the maximum weight, matterless
whether the box, as it many a time
does, contains a ton of coal. If the
car bc only level full, the utmost
weight given is 14 cwt., so that on
every box of coal that comes out of
the mine the digger is robbed of two
or more cwt. And be it said, that
Dunsmuir has no difficulty in hiring
a man for three dollars a day to effect this wholesale robbery for him.
In the present case, however, the
scandal to humanity is somewhat diminished in the fact that the weigh-
boss is a Scotchman, and the conscience of a Scotchman,_ likes God's
peace passeth all understanding.
Nof docs the matter of the tonnage
end here. For some purpose never
explained to a digger, one cwt. in
every ton is deducted from his output. Some of the men believe the
deduction to be made in order to pay
the wages of the smiths who sharpen
the picks and drills of the digger. If
that be so, every digger turning out
100 tons a month, pays $375 a month
for having, say one pick, sharpened
once a week, and three drills hardly
once a month. Which is certainly
good business for the Lieut. Governor.
Then again, the company supplies
all the explosives used by the men,
dynamite at the rate of 20 cent, and
black powder at 16 cents a pound
(company's measure). Reckon the digger's powder bit! at ten dollars a
month (it it more) and say 300 diggers (there are moe) and you have
a monthly truck business of 3,000
dollars. Quite a respectable turnover, and one may be sure, a profitable one! There are other things
of the same kind, but let them go.
Then there is the flagrant contravention of the Eight Hour Law. This
measure caused a three months' strike
in Nanaimo, or perhaps I should say
was made the pretext for a strike under cover of which the astute Yankee
company effected a very considerable
saving in working expenses. At Ex
tension, Dunsmuir, with characteris
tic boldness, defied the law, and ran
his mine as usual. No one, since the
feeble attempt of the Government
Mines Inspector, has endeavored to
bring the law to his notice, and the
men are thus defrauded of the bene
fits of a measure placed upon the
Statute Books in their interests. Bully for tbe Lieut. Governor.
Finally there is the train question.
Ry the famous Ladysmith edict,
which involved the ruthless and
wholesale eviction of a whole community, Extension miners must reside in the Dunsmuir city. The first
result is that the miner has his working day stretched out from eight to
ten hours, ln a free British colony,
governed by British Institutions, protected by British laws, the Lt. Governor lawlessly deprives hundreds of
citizens cf their personal liberty, and
callously sacrifices two hours of their
time every working day to gratify
his merest whim. Shame and more
than shame to him. But what use
is it to cry shame to the conscienceless?    Apart from the time thus ar-
Local aspirants' for political honors
aft setting up a howl against the
influx of Hindus Into the Province.
The workingman may rest assured,
however, that if a stop is put to the
introduction of cheap Asiatic labor
it is the working class alone that
must do it. This means that the
workers must first capture control of
the machinery of government. A
word to the wise is sufficient.
Remember that your executive
committees cannot push forward thc
work that ought to be done without
the funds to do it with. Send in
your spare cash to the Provincial and
Dominion Secretaries.
Labor-Power as a Commodity
(Continued ffom Page One.)
rather than cheaper dwellings, with
more wholesome, better, and more
plentiful, rather than cheaper—and
nastier food.
Seeing that the operation of the
laws we have been considering is inexorable under, and inseparable from
existing economic conditions, our efforts should be directed to changing
these conditions rather than tinkering with their effects, to revolutionising conditions which divert the means
of production from their proper object—that of producing wealth— and
which convert them 'nto capital—
means of exploitation. We cannot
change these conditions, we cannot
destroy the class ownership of the
middle ageshrdl cmfwyp vbgkq fiiffi
means of production which lies at the
bottom of these conditions by going
back to the individual ownership of
the middle ages but we must press on
towards their collective ownership.
Every step in social reform should
be a -stepping stone to that end, for
the whole trend of the economic development is in that direction.
Every    workingman    in    Canada
should see that his name is enrolled
on the voters' list.   Do it today.
9    ■^^^^^^^m9mmmwmaaaam -_
9 Some who started early are now selling ten
X copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
9 a copy.   Send to   us for circulars and wholesale
2 prices.   The book is now ready for delivery.
9 BOX 2064
• I	
Many complaints are reaching this
office trom subscribers who fall to get
their papers. In some instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. Ae every subscriber's, name
and the number of paper with which
hie subscription expires are kept continually In type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
theae complaints Justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity tn the
performance of their duties, even if
they be guilty of nothing worse.
Tbe publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who doea not receive hie paper to I
promptly notify this office. Missing
ooplea will be supplied at once and ne-
ceaearr steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
Its repetition ln the future.
It has bean decided by the Provincial
Kxecutive to build tap a central rand
to be used ia generally assisting in the
coming campaign and more especially
for the purpose of printing ana distributing campaign literature.
All comradei wishing to collect
for this (and should at once apply
»o the provincial secretary for a receipt book. No effort should be
spared in building up this fund.
The following amounts received up
to date:
Previously acknowledged  $14.50
J. P. ...-,...„ „ to
Two Clarion rraba    1-00
Total  iie.oo
Forward all contributions to
•o- ■
1'rcviously acknowledged % t6<x>
C B. Robelu  «SO
IMcr Anderson   ' °°
s°ren Simonsen   ,0°
Niels Hansen   10°
Knud Hansen   ,-00
Nds C. Nelscn  10°
Total       *23-5°
Tacoma, Wash., Oct. 15.—From
far-off Garfield county comes cheering news, fcr the Socialists there
have placed a full county ticket in
she field, and the boys are out looking for big game. Stevens county is
preparing to astonish thc slow-plodding Socialist world. That old war
horse, J. C. Harkncss, is getting out
a special paper, an edition of a lccal
paper, and some of the Socialists
over there say that it is a dandy.
Klicitat county reports that every
nominee on its ticket is in good
standing in the Socialist Party. That
is as it should be.
Old Thurston county comes rushing to the front like a young athlete.
Pacific county socialists have thrown
their coats away, tossed their hats to
one side and are    preparing    '*—   «
for   a
One particularly noticeable feature
of the recent convention of the B. C.
Socialists at Nelson was thc entire
absence of any disposition to incor-
1'orate palliatives and immediate demands into the party program.
grand rush. Skagit is in the race
with a full ticket; Pierce is slowly
waking up, Kititas is yelping, and
Snohomish is plodding along at its
uniform gait—it keeps up the same
pace at all times.
King county is in a clas by itself.
It is humming. Whatcom and Spokane
-counties must bc batching a surprise,
for wc hear little from them, but we
know from the nature of the Socialists in those counties that something
is going to happen.
Yakima county has sounded
trumpet call, bas asked for an assistant state organizer and the request
has been granted. And there is
Clarke county—well, Clarke county
speaks thc universal language, and
you'll hear from her.
Chehalis county is not sleeping, nor
is Lewis, but nobody can tell what
they arc doing, but it is safe to assume
bitrarily cut out of a man's life, the
cars are a positive menace to health
and life. They are as cold as the
grave and as draughty as a furnace.
Coming out of the mine on a cold,
wet wintry day, with his underclothing damp with thc sweat of his toil,
wearied out and hungry, the miner"
has for almost an hour to starve and
shiver in these death traps. How
many deaths are to be laid at the
tyrant's door let the recording angel
tell) but that he has merited an eternity of the conditions he has forced
upon his men no one can deny.
This very week we have had an
old phase of the question re-opened.
Surmising that since the transfer of
the E. and N. to the C. P. R., Dunsmuir's interest in Ladysmith would
have ceased, the miners have been
struggling back to Extension. With
the aproach of winter the removals
became more frequent, and it began
to bc whispered around that there
would be no mere interference. The
poor fools had forgotten their masters. Tradesmen and saloon keepers
badly scared at first, met the danger
to their pockets with all their old-
time cunning and resource. The
task was not quite so easy as heretofore. Dunsmuir at first, so the
story goes, curtly refused to interfere
but the growing difficulty and danger
only whetted the more the wit and
inventiveness of these greedy bood-
lers. They secured allies both in thc
C. P. R. and the Western Fuel Co.
and the end came last Monday. On
that day every miner, save and except the privileged few, residing at
Extension, was told that there was
no more work for him until he moved
back to Ladysmith, and now the poor
fools remember their masters, even
if it be only in cursings and reviling*.
But their nickels are again assured
to the contemptible heelers of the
counter and the bar whose power
has again been made manifest.
How long will it be before the
masses, the toilers in the earth's dark
places, the makers of other men's
wealth and happiness at their own
lives' cost and sacrifice, will arise
in their might, burst their bonds asunder, and enter into their universal
Notice is hereby given that after
60 days we intend to apply to the
Chief Commissioner of Land and
Works for a special license to tut
and carry away timber from the following described lands in Rupert District:
No. 1—Commencing at the S. W.
Cor. of Sec. 23, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains, thence south
80 chains.
No. 2—Commencing at the N. W.
Cor. of Sec. 14, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence west 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 3.—Commencing at thc N. E.
Cor. of Sec. IS, Township 14, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 4.—Commencing at the S. E.
Cor. of Sec. 22, Township 14, thence
north 160 chains, thence west 40
chains, thence south 160 chains,
thence east 40 chains.
No. 5.—Commencing at the  N.  E.
Cor. of Sec. 26, Township 14, thence
west 80    chains,    thence    south  80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 6—Commencing at the N. W.
corner of Sec. 25, Township 14,
thence east 80 chains, thence south
80 chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains.
No. 7.—Commencing near the S.
W. Cor. Sec. 36, Township 14, thence
north 80 chains, thence east_ 80
chains, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains.
No. 8—Commencing at post half
a mile south of the S. W. Cor. of
Sec. 31, Township 15, thence north
80 chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains, thence west
80 chains.
No. 9.—Commencing at a post
planted at the S. W. Cor. of No. 8,
thence south 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains.
No. 10—Commencing at a post
planted near the N. E. Cor. of Sec
17, Township IS, thence 160 chains
west, thence 40 chains south, thence
160 chains east, thence 40 chains
No. 11—Commencing at a post near
the N. E. Cor. of No. 10 thence west
160 chains, thence North 40 chains,
thence east 160 chains, thence south
40 chains, to point of commencement.
Dated Sept. 26, 1906.
Tlie publication of periodicals of
every description Is a specialty with
The "Clarion." Telephone or write
fur t-siliimu-M. Every racility for such
work, and promptness and satisfaction
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
by baying
high grade
ing machinft.
National Sewing Machine Co,
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
-t*i*r\S   o«  X.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FCR HAT nee to tt
that the Genuine Union Label ls sewed In It If
a retailer has loose labels in bis possession aad
offers to put one tn a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeit*
The genuine Union Label Is perforated on, tear
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated op three stem,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co,,
of Philadelphia, ls a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOITITT, President, Orange, N. «f.
MARTIN LAWLOR, Secretary, lt Wavarly
New York.
G. A. OKELL, Manager
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City.    You can always
depend upon our bread.     Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
Do you know we aell from 10 to 35
oenta cheaper than our competitors.
•FOR   Js.   CIlJk.-fcTaiE
71 Sevmmit Street, Vtatirii, I. C.
Aaioae aaaSlns ■ at-ateh anfl SasarlnUon mar
-.waalr aseerUla oar otMctoa Ova *h<*tb-w aii
aamaSr *™§L
•ay} a*
+♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦aao*>o*a,B*a*Q***s>a*a'a*.
that they will be heard from on election morn.
All Socialists must learn the value
Four speakers arc constantly employed by the state alike, and many
dates are filled by other speakes under the auspices of the state office.
Many of the counties are carrying on
active campaign work on their own
account, and altogether prospects
are very bright.
On a recent trip Comrade Johnson
organized two locals and Emil Herman organized twelve in his memorable  trip across  the state.—D.  Bur
aaancT tor aaon
_^^_^_ tbroaah Mann
ajiflal nanas. wHbont chart*-. In "■»
Scientific American
A"*v»<lao».lrni*utrat«l wa.klr.   tanr**-' "
satatloat at anr aclantlSo tooi-iia).   Term
^—1 BoatSa. SL WW brail nawadi
J-ams, SB a
. MWMMalata.
9si**M*«y. New York
\a* lMsWaa of Manufacturer
  others who i*allse Ihe advisability of having their Patent bualneaa transacted
by Bxperta. Preliminary advice free. Chargea
asorkrste. Our biventor'a Adviser sent upon
reqetst Marion £ Marion, New York UfeBUa;,
Montnal; *»ud Waahluutoa, li.C, V.&A,
staMriatMrtr (J
! Ra • CMtre St.
VICTORIA. B.C.    ^^^^^^^^^^
BIS Q U$**
what the Party ls doing on the Pacific
Coast of the United States.
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party and By the
Socialist Party."
Ten weeks, ten cents; one year, B0 ctn.
For the
Having been aetlwlMt- by
the publishers of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at tbe
regular rate—$1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swotting
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Cam*
paign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836. Vancouver, B. 6.
|    Victoria   Advertisers    j
o 0
\9^t^^g*^!*X*n*} m
3   ,^^1^^ THE D0MIM,°"   |
A worker who has not yet registered on the voters' list should be tlie
last man to find fault with his slavery.
If you don't believe old party conventions arc always open to the public make an effort to get into the
next  one  without  credentials.
The   Calgary
printers  of   the
v.ill de
"Clarion"   says   t'he
.........    bunch-grass   capital
have presented a new wage schedule
to take the place of the one now expiring.
A workingman without a vote has
no more to do with who shall write
the law than a lunatic.     If yon
sire to get free from the  asylum
capitalism, register at once.
If you don't like the laws as interpreted by capitalist courts sec that
your name is on the voters list; then
elect men of your own class to make
and enforce daws that will suit you.
"No union man is fit to hold a
working card who will again go and
poll his vote for one of the old parties " so declares the Alberta Clarion,
official organ of the Calgary Trades
and Labor Council.
The next time you hear a working,
man grumbling about the exactions
of his boss and master, ask htm it
his name is on the voters list. It
not;, assure him that he s getting
less than is coming to him.
The convention call for the twenty-
sixth annual session of the American
Federation of Labor has been issued
The convention this year will be held
at Minneapolis, Minn., beginning at
io o'clock a.m„ Monday, November
To the class that writes the law belongs the power to interpret and enforce it. Only members of parliament
write laws. If the working-class
want laws to mee* their needs the>
most elect men to write them. Tb-'
necessitates having a vote. Are you
on the voters' list?
As long as capital holds sway the
workingman must remain a wage-
earner, subject to the fluctuating oon7
ditions of the labor market. He
can never attain to the dignity of
manhood until the rule of capital is
broken and Labor's freedom gained.
Last Sunday's P. I. says editorially:
"The citizen who docs not register
puts himself in the position, so far as
the highest privilege of citizenship
is "concerned, of being a man who
knows nothing and cares nothing
about the nation. The unregistered
voter is a man who should bc ashamed to look his fellow man in the face.
Men complain of thc evils which
grow out ol bossism and t'he machine
system of politics. They complain
of thc evils due to lack of control of
thc maleficent corporations. Thc
man who fails to register and to vote
contains within his own bosom the
germs of the evils of which he complains. There is no excuse for htm.
Be sure to register and then do not
forget tc vote on election day."
Sure! and let it bc the Socialist
Party ticket straight.
At a special meeting of thc Provincial Executive Committee of the
Socialist Party, held on Friday evening last, to hear the report of the
Nelsjon convention delegates, most
encouraging letters were read from
Rossland, Nanaimo, Greenwood, Slocan,  Fernie and Vancouver.
The Vancouver delegates were enthusiastic over thc convention proceedings, and the make-up of the delegates thoughout the Province. "The
finest and most representative convention ever held in the history of
our movement," said Com. Hawthornthwaite, as he made a run for the
Nanaimo boat on Friday Afternoon.
Socialist Party history has certainly
been made, but the next chapter will
be written en election day in this
The Socialist Party aa a Factor in
the Local Political Arena—A New
Method of Raising Campaign
Funds—The Workers Discovering
Where Their Interests Are Best
The August elections in Norway
show a great increase in the Socialist
vote. Seven Socialist candidates for
the Storthing have already been elected and it is likely that this number
wiK be increased at the secondary
elections now being held. The last
Storthing had only four Socialist
It may be true that the workers
cannot legislate for themselves what
their wages shall b_; but 'hey can
name the hours which shall constitute a day's work..
The Eight Hour Day for miners
in B. Ci is an exemplification of this
fact. But if the balance of the work
ers in Canada want an Eight Hour
Day they will have to elect men who
stand for it. Bnt to do this the
workers who want such a law must
be on the voters* list. Are you there,
Mr. Workingman?
It is strange that men who work
hard all their lives, whose clothing
is of the poorest hand-me-downs or
overalls, who live in a rented shack
and eat the cheapest foods, can sec
others who never do any useful work
strut around as if the earth belonged
to them—I say it is more than
strange that such poor men will
raise their voices in protest when one
tries to show them that there is a
better method of doing things, and
declare that the present is the best
that can he and that all things are all
right! There are no slaves so hopeless as those who do nut know ^that
they are slaves, for they will not lift
a hand to free themselves. —"Appeal
to Reason.
Comrade Bohle of Havana, Cuba,
concludes an interesting letter re the
revolution in these words
'The *>oor beggars have just concluded a revolution, but are trying
hard to understand why they have
come to the conclusion that they
fought for something which they
don't own. Most of fhe deluded
brood haven't enough wealth in this
world and island to buy a 5-ccnt pair
of socks let alone a chunk of eating "
By a recent referendum in California, H. C. Tuck 528 Telegraph
Ave., was reelected State Secretary.
From several localities reports have
been received by the National Office,
that, candidates first nominated on
the Socialist ticket were compelled
to withdraw by order of their respective economic masters or seek
other positions.
Receipts for dues at the U. S. National Office, during the month of
September, exceed receipts from the
same sources for any other month
during thc history of the organization. The amount was $1,603.00 representing payment for 33,000 members.
San Francisco can boast of the
success of an "independent labor"
party. A mass meeting was held
there last week to select a "law and
older    committee of 100.
Walter McArthur, one of the delegates from the Labor Council, made
objection to the method of representation on the committee of one hundred. Regarding the action of the
committee he said:
"Invited here to attend the mass
meeting, we are told to get out oflhc
hall and the doors are closed behind
us. Certain citizens formulate a cut
and dried program and we are told to
swallow it. If this is to be a case oi
follow the leader, labor having the
right to the largest representation
will lead and all others may follow.
It is the final judgment of organized
labor that everything that shall be
done be done within the law. Labor
wants no vigilance committee of public safety."
Fiive bishops in Spain, recently met
at Burgos and sent a message to thc
government violently protesting against the "anti-Christian movement
and announcing that they will not
obey laws which violate the rights of
the church.
Thc- coming provincial campaign
has scarcely begun; yet even at this
date the Daily Province concedes victory to the Socialist Party at Greenwood, Fernie and Slocan.. With
these new seats already admitted,
there should be plenty of room for
further concessions between now and
next October. The Socialist Party
campaign opened the following morning after last election, three years
ago. No other party has anything
to live for between election days. At
least if it has, it is of such a nature
that it will not permit of much publicity.
Aa. improved method of milking
tows by electricity is being put into
use, but thc capitalists consider the
present method of milking thc wording class above improvement.—New
York Worker.
What other political party in Vancouver than the Socialist could charge
an admission fee and fill city hall
to standing room only, as was done
by the ilocal Socialists last week?
Not only did the Socialists pay their
speaker's expenses, advertising accounts, cttc, but over $50 was placed
to the credit of the local's campaign fund. It will require more than
Kelly's quartette this time to draw a
Liberal Party workingclass audience
and certainly nothing less than free
hacks and a fife and drum band will
ever attract workers into a Conservative meeting—more especially if it
means ushering them into the ignr-
minious presence of Billy Bowers.
The Socialists of Britsh Columbia
object to the Sikhs and other non-
assimilating races on purely racial
grounds. They should remain in
their own (?) country and settle their
own problems in their own way.
On the contrary, the Sikh has as
much right, theoretically, in John
Bull's Canadian slave camps as John
Bull's capitalists have in the Sikh domain.
It resolves itself into merely a
question of force. The nation with
the most effective death-dealing instruments and damphools to operate
them will determine what is "right."
If ever the workers of Canada hope
to maintain their standard of living,
or secure industrial freedom, they
must become the power behind the
gun—the State. Then the laws they
write and the mandates they make
will be right," because of the power
to enforce  underlying the  demands.
The political expression of such a
policy is the Socialist Party.
Nuff sed.
one to steal it from you. To be sure,
the Liberal and Tory say: Oh, yes.
it is." But that's where they and
I differ.
Your politics arc close te home—
at ypur work in the factory or the
mine. If your politics don't touch
your everyday work and life, then
they are a sham. Work and wanes
are your principal concern and all
that  appertains thereto.
That's what you talk about to your
fellows; that's what you think and
worry about.
Now, to give a logical expression
to all your thinking and worrying,
vote Socialist at this next election.
Get men of your own class in touch
with the enemy in the house of legislation. Then you will be better
able to see just where you are at
among all this money Juggling and
labor skinning.
John T. Mortimer Cannot Swallow
the Labor Party Nonsense of the
Winnipeg Voice.
Party lines will be drawn in B. C.
after next election. The Socialist
Party and the anti-Socialist Party-
o o
J. C.j Victoria.—1. No; Mr. Sherman is not a member of the Socialist
Party. He was expelled some months
ago for running on an independent
labor ticket at Lethbridge, Alberta. 2.
We shall see what we shall see.
There hasn't been a moral spasm
in Vancouver since Jim Hill's invasion of Dupont street.
Commissioners Dales and Johnson
have been gazetted as commisioncr.-t
for taking affidavits, thus authorizing them to place names upon the
British Columbia voters' list. Workers who cannot get away from their
slavery long enough to register at
the Court House will be looked after
if they leave their addresses with Secretary Perry, Socialist Party Headquarters, Room 10, Ingleside Block,
313 Cambie Street.
What have you got to do with
politics, Mr. Workingman?
What does it matter to you whether you are ruled by a set of "men on
the make,' called Liberals, or another
set of the same breed calling themselves Tories? You've got to work
just as hard under one set as under
the other. "Yes, work as hard and
as long and for as little money, too,
Look at a daily paper—any daily
paper will do. Glance at the political news and opinions. Read the
leading articles. Do they concern
you? What are they about? Why,
election scandals; electric power commissions; tariff commissions; bank
Somebody makes a speech about
the glorious future of our "great
Another fills column after column
espousing the actions of some insurance company or other. And so they
pile the agony on. But how does it
all affect you, Mr. Workingman?
Why, it doesn't affect you at all.
It's' none of your business. You
haven't any right to criticize, either.
If you had done your duty, these
fellows wouldn't have any money, cr
land, or votes to juggle with. How's
that, do ou say? That's simple. You
produced that money; you made that
land valuable; yob owned those votes.
But, like a foci, you,allowed these
tricksters to get hold of them.
What did you get in return?
Why, you got food and drink and
clothes to wear. You didn't get too
much of any of these things, either.
Just enough to keep you going so
that you will have to tutrn in and
work again and produce more wealth
and more values, so that yon may
be skinned again, and again, and
Yes, when you got only your food
and drink and shelter out of the deal,
that's just where ycu made your
mistake. To be 'sure, you got wages.
But all your wages went to buy these
things.    So it's the same, after all.
The wages you received* were not
paid you in proportion to what you
produced, nor according to the value
cf your services, but you were paid
according to the price of labor ia
the labor market. The price of labor in that market is determined by
the competition between men looking
for a job. When there are two jobs
for every man, the price of labor goes
up. When there are two men for
every job, the price of labor goes
down. Under present conditions,
you see the labor market in an overstocked condition. This allows a
greater profit to be made. So that
you see that between what you get
and 'what you produce~there is quite
a margin, quite a surplus.
That's what the other fellow gets.
That's what you read about in your
paper every day. So long as you
arc content to go along as you are,
you will continue to read about it.
But when you make up your mind
that this sort of thing must stop, it
will stop.
That is when you make up your
mind and give effect to it by voting
the Socialist ticket.
No, my friend, it's none of your
busines to kick up a dust about your
wealth after you have allowed some
To the Editor of the Voice:
If thc  political  situation in  Great
Britain is satisfactory from a workers point of view, by all means  let
us  follow  thc  advice  given   in   your
last   editorial   to   "close     up     your
ranks," but beware, you who talk so
much of unity, who deprecate the existence of the "impossibilist"  Socialist, that you tlo not make thc breach
wider  than ever before.     There  are
at  present   in  Great   Britain   a  half
dozen parties all claiming to represent  labor.     Thc   Labor  Representation Committee, organized to achieve
such a unity as you think desirable
elected a motley bunch of representatives culled from those parties, and
what on earth have they attempted-
far less accomplished— in thc inter
ests of the working-class would take
a microscopic eye to detect.   Outside
of parliament they appear to the wor
king class as a fine lot of leaders, ask
ing the workers to unite for thc ach
ievement    of    something   that    they
themselves are  unable  to  define   or
agree upon!!  Their press is v> filled
with   crimination   and   recrimination,
with jangling personalities, that there
is little space or time to enlighten the
worker as to  thc causes of  his  deplorable condition or remedies for it.
You want a Canadian Labor party?
Very well.    There is one in existence
now in thc Socialist Party of Canada
which in the legislative record of thc
men   it  elected,  in   the   principles  it
professes, in the literature it dissem
inates, in the educational work it has
accomplished   amongst   thc   workers.
in the scope and character of its propaganda,   far   outshines  thc  abortive
efforts of the numerous labor parties
that have hitherto been organized—
on the same lines as now proposed—
throughout  the    Dominion.       What
have you got to say against it?    Do
not lie back in your chair and write
the  words "impossibilist" and "irreconcilable."       Discuss    the    claims
made above and  show wherein  this
party is sc unworthy of thc confidence
of the  Canadian   workers  that  another need bc organized.     1 ought to
know something of the history of thc
Canadian   labor  movement.      I   have
been a member of seme of those labor parties.     Particularly do I know
thc make-up and record of this Labor
Congress   that  has  just  given   birth
to this Labor party, and I recognise
the fine crafty handiwork of the men
who have  kept  thc  organized   labor
movement  as  a  tail   to  the   Liberal
kite for many moons, and who have
fought every movement that sought
to enlighten the workers as to what
was wrong with the economic system
they   were   suffering   under.     Those
men  arc   hungry  for  office  and   its
emoluments.    They are unwilling to
travel  the   hard,  weary    and    skm-,
though sure, road of first educating
the working-class and  then building
up a movement grounded on intellt
gencc.    Thereupon they cater to the
prejudices held by the workers.   They
are all things to all men.    They vent
their wrath on the Socialist alone, but
are careful to avoid discussion of his
principles save only  when they  can
misrepresent with impunity.    The lo
gical representatives of such s party
are Smith and Verville, elected as independent   (?)   labor  men.     Against
them   I   place  Hawthornthwaite   and
Williams, elected as uncompromising
Socialists. -*,
Dare you compare their records and
then suggest that we should have a
party of which Smith and Verville is
the type rather than one which produces Hawthornthwaite and Williams.
Your paper was filled recently about
the doings of thc gallant Ijabor party
in the Imperial parliament whose
time was occupied principally by religious bickering, but I notice you had
little to say about labor legislation
nearer home. Did you know that
legislation, such as the eight-hour
day for mines and smelters, workmen's compensation, adoption of safety appliances in industry, adult suffrage, reduction of election deposit,
etc., etc., was introduced in thc British Columbia legislature and some of
it fought through? If you did, you
were careful not to enlarge on it. Is
it possible that you refrained from so
doing because you would have to
give credit to a movement tor- honest
to sacrifice its principles for the sake
of immediately electing some office-
hungry politician and thereby leave
no excuse for launching this new labor party? No two parties can exist side by side peacefully claiming tc
represent the same class in society.
If war ensues, on whom docs the
onus rest?
Yours Truly,
St. Vincent, Minn., Oct. 7th, 1906.
—Winnipeg Voice, Oct. ia.
Keep your eye on thc political
barometer. There is liable to be an
election in British Columbia before
the year closes. Do net be caught
Socialist Party of Canada
ft We, the Socialist Party of Canada, In convention assembled
fir   affirm our allegiance to and support of thc principles and program
9   of the international revolutionary working claaa.
ft Labor produces all wealth, and to labor it ahould justly bt-
at long. To the owners of tha meant ot wealth production bcionu
X the product of Ubor. Tha present economic aystem is based upon
X capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore
fir all the products of labor belong to the capitalist class. The cap.
®   italist is master; the worker is slave.
a So long as the Capitalists remain in possession of the reim
X of government all the powers of the atate will be used to protect
X and defend their property rights tn the meana of wealth produc-
X   tion and their control of the product of labor.
9    The cspitslist system gives to the capitalist an ever swell.**-.
• stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure
9   of misery and degradation.
9 The interest of the working class Use in the direction ol
em setting itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of
2? the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transfer*
X matron of capitalist property in tbe means of wealth production
9   into collective or working-class property.
JThe irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist
and the worker is rapidly culminating In a struggle for pctseition
of the power of government—tbe capitalist to bold, thc worker
-*   to secure it by political action.   Thia is the class struggle
T Therefore, we call upon, all workers to organise unler the
9 banner of tba Socialist Psrty of Caaada with the object o! can-
9 quering the public powers for the purpose of setting up and eo-
9 forcing the economic program of the working class, as followi:
•ft .J. .The transformation as rapidly aa possible, of capitalist
v. property in the means of wealth production (natural resources,
X factories, mills, railroads, etc) into the collective property of the
9 working class.
9 a,   Thorough snd democratic organisation and management
iof industry by the workers.
3.   Tbe establishment, as speedily sa possible, of production
for use instead of production for profit.
*. Thc Socialist Party, when fat office shall always and every-
X where until the present eyetem Is abolished, make thc answer to
this question its guiding rule of conduct. .Will this legislation
advance thc interests of the working class snd aid thc workers in
their struggle against capitalism?. If it will, tbe Socialist Party
is for it; if It will not, the Socialist Petty is absolutely opposed to
mcmln r*l;p
....Socia *t
In accordance with this principle tbe Socialist Party pledget
itself to conduct all the public affairs placed in its handi in su:h
s manner as to promote the interests of tbe working class alone
I,  THE   UNDERSIGNED,   hereby   apply   I
in    Local  	
I'arty of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between lhe capitalist thus and
the working class to be a struggle for politics! guprsroacy, Le,
possession of the reins of government, and which BCcessitateJ
the organization of the workers into a political party distinct
from and opposed to all parties ol the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership, 1 hereby agree to maintain or enter into no relations with any other political party, and pledge
myself to support by voice, vote and all other legitimate meatu
the ticket and the program of the Socialist Party of Canada nnly
.Address       *}
Occupation    Age    Citizen  	
Admitted to Local   190
 Chairman    Her
M. M. .. . - .'*.     ■       ...
Cor. Abbott Ok Cordova 9ta. OM Cos. Bui Id in*.
Second Hand Dealer I
Cook   Stoves   aad   Tools   a <
We have a large quantity of
glass fruit jars for sale. Pints,
60c per dor-en ; quarts, 00c ;
and 3 quarta, 70c.
Stores—137 and 138 Cordova
St. E.
Hardware, Junk and Furniture, j
TMCMvav, S. S.
C. PETERS   **"«'"»t
rt.it.no   set tkot like
*!?"<,*.M,d« ftab ami Shoes to order la
il !£"!.••   ■••'"'•■"SP'smptiv and ■«•*,
ly done,    stock oT staple rVady-aad*
Shoes alwaya ou band.
Stncle copies. S cents; <
copies, IB cents; IS copies, t*
canto; 40 copies. 11 00. 10°
coplea ana over, t cents r"r
THeee rates Include posW*
to any part ot Canada
United Kingdom.
•The Western Clarion"
 1 *******
nm Ottss Bar.       tttettbmt ll<"**
Prtoas Moderauv
COKE is sn excellent fuel for grates, hall   stoves, furnaces and
cooking stoves, making a clean, bright fire without emoke or din.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
s ■ ■ . 1 s m 1


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