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The Western Clarion Jan 27, 1906

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Array ^V^-surr.^
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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
lis 1
ustta
; 357.
asm
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday,  January 27, 1906.
HE PROVINCIAL PARLIAMENT
livity ol the Socialist Menbera in Considering art Discussing
Manors Broofkl Before too Route at Victoria.
Uiftt the two Socialist members of
locul ljegislature are not   going
let lho days of the present    mss-
, pa-sb In idlonoss is    shown    by
■•ork    that     they have already
..       on    the    opening day, Mr.
i'w.hornthwa|te gavo notice     that
inieniied to introduce a Bill    to
juinl the franchise of women.   Not
Ly has  this since been done,    but
■1UH been followed by aw "Act to
mend      the     Provincial     Elections
Ii." hy reducing the deposit of   a
linJidate from *UOO to 150, and an
ct to Amend  tho  Coal  Mines Itc-
glations     Act."       Only   the  latter
Itter    Hill  has yet  reached   second
ii'ling-
!'i'li.j    full   tost  of  this  measure    Is
,\en as follows.
0 Ad  to  Amend  tho  "Coal  Minos
Itogulation  Act."
Iliii Majesty, by and with the   ad-
and    con-tent ot the Legislative*
eiubly  of  tile  Province of  linUsli
i.luiuliia, enacts as follows;
fl.  ibis act  may be cited aa   the
oul  Mm.-  Regulation  Act Amcud-
ent act,  1U00. '
\z   Hub-section  {il)  ot  section     30
.lii-j-U-r  t'M ot  the  He vised  Sta-
kite-,   lHi'T,   being.  Uw  "Coal  Mines
L;nirttioii  Act,"  as enacted by soc-
ivu *> of i hapter  10 ot Use StatuU-s
neu A, is hereby amended by add-
ii: -h-re'o ibu following paragraph:
(d.) A candidate for a certificate
M,iiii.-tency    as manager,    overman,    shift boss,    nrebotis,    or shot-
■i.'i-i,    i-hull    produce a certificate
f/i-iu a. duly  qualified medical     doc-
br nhuwing that bc has    taken     a
tine in ambulance work fitting him
said candidate,  to give first aid
men injtjfitd in coal mining 0PB*>
lion*."
(a.   SH1UOU   Ha   of   said   chapter   I'M
1...IVI-.-,   anteitdt-d by inserting sdter
i,l- :i.'t Uw following rule:
"Kule 83a,   The 'owner' shall pro-
da oat- good und sufficient  'auUiul-
aocs  box'   in every  mlue   for   each
\u- hundred men employed therein."
In moving the second reading, Mr.
iwthornthwaiio  said:    "1   do    not
timk there will bo any objection to
ha laissage ol  this Dill.     Its object
i*. simply to protect as much as pos-
^H.lo the Unas and  limbs  uf     those
lorkjnK in underground mines,  Sim-
Jar legislation has already been en-
ki. tod in Groat llritain, so that   the
■u-asfure  is   nul   nl together   now.    'itui j
jbijury  done  to life and limb io  the
nines oi  British Columbia is a dis-
Kiiice    to    this Province.     We find.
ur,  that    from     tho statistical   re-
|>ort*    Uie    number of those   killed
u.i injured in  tbe mines ol  British
..iuiiibiu iu  one year  was  15     per
ent. of the whole.     A fearfully high
at*, as compared with two percent
•d Ureal Britain, and l.OS percent
|*»- New   Zealand,   where   the   miners
woll    protected.        In view   of
Ihet* iiihmiII ng facts I do hope that
■ ome steps  will bo taken  to    bring
about a change in this state of   af-
fniis.
The number of men who risk their
jiiv-s daily in the undergroiiud mines
uf llrititm Columbia is very great.
'n my own district of Nanaimo
ulnae the underground works run for
many miles, and should a man be
J uii'ii id m one of these places, be
hi Kin have to wait for hours before
bah) could arrive. As one instance
uf this, l would mention the case of
Mr. McGregor, a mine manager who
«o» most popular with the men.
v>ho wiu injured iu aa acridenl ami
whosu lifo was lost through tfelcflj
•ii tho artival of help. Had ho re-
•fiTo.1 prompt attention he might
havo boon alive today. Thia Bill,
thej-efore, is simply an instrument of
humanity, and has no political
«iK»>ificanct», and 1 am satisfied that
this Hoiinu will endorse it. (A|i-
pl aline.)
Premier McBriilo moved the ad-
ioiirtwnwit of the debate, as he said
l«- had not yet had time to look
over ths: Hill, from what the mover had said ho did not anticipate
'hat the Council'would object to it.
but ho wished to inform himself
thoroughly before going further.
lh« debate was accordingly ad-
Journod.
inat the activity of the Socialists
" hy no means to be confined to
u»Jf j own constructive legislation,
wus shown by tho attitude of Mr.
Hawthornthwaite on "Thc Timber
Manufacture Act." This Bill provides that all timber cut on Crown
u!Ml',i.muBt ** manufactured within
'he I rovinco, thereby previenting any,
«lwrtntion of logs whatever.    Tho
man whether he was exploited under
the Union Jack or under the Stars
and Stripes, but at the same time
It Is painful to htm to have to
jlareak. up bis homo and sever the connections of a lifetime. This Bill
would practically moan the extirpation of the hand loggers in British
Columbia, and therefore he intended
to move in commit too for the insertion of an amendment exempting
hand loggers from its provisions. In
tho meantime it would bo as well to
lot the  Hill pass the present stage.
Premier McBrido said the Bill was
simply intended to correct abuses in
thc case of a l.ig logger like Mr.
Rmeraon who seemed 'o bo operate
ing entirely under hand loggers' li-
ccnat-N. If an amendment could be
introiliiccd to protect the actual
hand logger that would not load to
abuse and that would be fair to all
parlies, it might |*o considered.
Mr. John Oliver thought that piles
and fi*h trap timber at least should
U- freely exported.
Mr. J. A. Mu.-doii.dd. ami Mr. T.
\\. Patterson, were both of tho opinion that the Government should establish soine system of Inspection
awl grading whereby the inferior
timber now going to waste on the
claims or being burnt by settlors
might find a market.
Thc Bill passed second reading
without a division.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite was the recipient of a rare compliment from
Attorney-General Wilson Ihe other
day when that gentleman was speaking of the merits of thc former member for Alberni, Mr. W. W. B. Mcln-
DOS. Mr. Wilson said that Mr. Mcinnes was approu- had by no one in
the House in the art of oratory unless it wus the member for Nanaimo.
Tho-w who have hoard Mr. Haw.
ihomthwaiie's forceful addresses
will agree that the compliment was
woll deserved.
Mill
was    introduced by tho    Chief
Commissioner of Lands' and Works,
(Hon. Mr. aroon), who frankly stated that it was a result of tho recent doaislon in tho Emerson case allowing tho exportation of logs cut
under hand loggers' licenses, and
t-hat the object of the Bill vas to
correct the abuse and insisted that
al' tirrther Should too manufactured
wi'hin tho Province.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said hc did
"ot object to tho general principle
°f the Bill, but thought some exemption should be mud,' for hand
'Ok-gers, as It affected tho labor in-
'iixiHts of Uia country. They had
heard what tho member for Newcastle had told them In his speech on
on the nddresa in reply to the
N|*veh from the <fttroae, when he
™ow<M*iiH»w the workinirmon of the
v°unfcy:-«en;'|Mj^-.*|l«ma 0ut by
wiens coming in. It did not nint-
V>t sa much l-orhaps fa the working-
One of thc liest and most interesting spot-ches hoard In the House during the present li-ginlatjve session,
was ur-dotshtodly that of Mr. Parker
Williams, tha Socialist member for
Newcastle, when on Wednesday last,
ho addr-roM-d the House in the debate on the address in ruply to the
Bpeech  from  the Throne.
Mr. Williams said: "It appears
iiistomarv to open with complimentary references Lo the mover and
-axotldi-r of the address, but I think
that this has boon a little overdone,
though I can at least congratulate
the newly elected member for Alberni that there was no Socialist running in his district. (.Laiughter.) It
is no doubt gratifying to the Gov-
ernment to be able to show that the
evil i onaeiiuonces, which according
to the guntlemen on this side of the
House were to result from the legislation of the past two sessions have
not yet put in an appearance. The
condition of business— the only measurement of the quality of Government by either tho Ui-eral or Conservative party, appears to be in a
reasonably satisfactory state I am
aware that tho Liberals state that
this <is wholly duo to natural causes,
owr which the Cowrnment has no
more influence than it has over the
weather, and the wise administration of aiTuirs at Ottawa. 1 fully
agree that it is beyond the power
of this fjfovornment to create a healthy state of commercial affairs in
this Province, if contrary conditions
prevail in adjoining count tries, but
the contention that a Liberal Gov-
t-raiiivnt at Ottawa standing on the
same basis and moved by thn aamo
impulse a« 'his Government can do
so, is ridiculous. An instance of
this is the lead bonus given b.v this
saint- Ottawa Government, and of
which the gentlemen on this side
boast so much. To mo il appears
that this lead bonus is simply a
schasno of Industrial charity, which
takes money out of tho |>ockot.s of
one taction of tho population and
puts It into tho pockets of another.
It is on a par with Simple Simon
trying to make himself rich by shifting his fifteen rents from one pocket
to another. (laughter). We Socialists are accused by a lot,of well-
meaning people of wishing to divide-
up. if there is anything half as
near dlviding-up in Socialism as
thoro is in this scheme of Liberal
Political Kr-onomy. 1 know very little about Socialism. Tho day will
come whon men will look back In
amusement nt such simplicity in an
age of scientific accomplishment and
possibility.
All that this or any other Government can do is to remove artificial barriers that stand in thc way
of trade. If coppor should drop to
nine cents a pound In New York tomorrow, bankruptcy, strikes, lockouts, shutdowns and gonoral stagnation would result in thc mining
camps of 'he province, and this In
turn would react on overy other Industry, nnd commercial activity. It
is not a product of local nor yet of
national conditions.
It is interesting to noto that while
tho document under discussion pays
so much attention to tho stato of
commerce, thoro is no Intimation even of tho existence of a working-
cjass. It seems as if itusinoss is
considered as a kind of social prcs-
suie gauge. If business is good all
ta itrpposed to bo well. It matters
not what may be the condition of
the  workdng-clusH,  so long as Dunn
Bnbsenstlea rrte* aiaa
rtivus        •I.W
•MaaHMMMi
and Bradstreets report business normal, all is well. But, when the water gets low In the boiler it often
falls to reflect the pressure of the
gauge, and sometimes there is an explosion before you know It.
With the'consolidation of the industries of the province into fewer
and fewer hands, the worker finds
himself compelled to submit to the
whim of a few men, or get out. The
man who was born, and who has
lived a useful life in this province,
finds he has to break -up his home
and tho associations of a lifetime at
the bidding of an alien because he
has dared to express an idea not in
line with the interests of the industrial pirates that exploit this province, because ho questions the wisdom of a fellow-b<-ing like himself.
or because ho has reached tho age.
when the joints grow stiff and the)
I lowers commence to fall. The citizen of this province has rights which
conflict with the theoretical rights
of property, -and the capitalist interests are hastening the day when this
House will have to re-deflne the
rights of protierty, unless the members soon get a streak of common
sense Into their compos tion of
which there is no sign at present,
(laughter.)
There is another matter which this
House will have to take up In the
near  future.     The  process  of     ctvll
law Is altogether too slow, too cumbersome and too costly. The senseless processes and otherwise needless delays which produce no results
other than Increasing lawyers' fees,
should be stopped. More indefensible still Is the matter of expenses.
Recently I saw a document which a
Nanaimo lawyer had drawn up for
a farmer. The same document I
could draw up myself in two minutes and a half, yet that worthy
lawyer charged two dollars and a
half for the job, and as near as I
could determine he could compel payment for the same. I know another
case of a lawyer undertaking to collect $20 from a client, and falliac
to get more than 910, he obligingly
kept that 810 to repay him for his
trouble. (Laughter.) Rather than
go to another shark of the same
species to collect the rest the creditor allowed the Imposition. Personally, I say frankly, that I cannot
detect any difference between such
cases and downright theft, and unfortunately such instances could bo
multlplied indefinitely.
In the ease of employing a solicitor to plead a case in Court the man)
of small means finds that two lawyers and a judge can eat up the
earnings of a year in two days.
(Ijaughter.) I am aware that it
will  be    asserted   that these geatie-
(Continued on Page Three.)
Oh, Whetefore Wait?
Oh, wherefore wait?   The World is faint and dying;
Stay not thy hand; oh, strenuous soul and pure.
Oh, hear its voices calling and replying;
They bid you hope and work and long endure.
Oh, wherefor wait?   The World is wrung with anguish.
From Russian snows our Martyr comrades call.
Haste to the succor of tbe souls that languish.
Bind up tbe wound and break the captives thrall.
Why idle stand?   Tbe harvest beads are bending,
Beneath the sun the fields are golden hued.
Thrust in the sickle and fulfill tbe ending,
Of Earth's long travail for ber famished brood.
This day the toil lhe harvest homeward bringing;
The com and wine and fatness in the store:
And trooping in with laughter and with singing,
Shall come the heirs of Earth for evermore.
Oh, wherefore wait as one whose eyes are holden?
Can'st thou not see the portents of the dawn ?
Joy comes a bride, and sorrow worn and olden,
Traileth her mourning garments and is gone.
Hark!   From the watch towers hailing and replying,
Glad words are on the lips that l.ng were dumb;
And prophet voices in the desert crying,
"Make straight her paths the reign of Right has come."
Lo!    In men's hearts a new Sbekinah bunieth,
That lights the mercy seat of Humankind;
And as the petal to the sunlight turneth,
So turns to it the homage of the mind.
Light in the East!    As once in Hellas beaming,
But brighter far does Reason's lamp return;
And grander than Aurora's light outstreaming,
Northward at last doth Freedoms' censer burn.
Whbster Rogers.
POVERTY AND WRETCHEDNESS
The Insufficiency of Salvation Am? ■eftotft of Itelltt Pointed
Out by Spartacti lo Wioaipef Voice.
A MARTYR OF THE REVOLUTION
Lieetenant et ■a-inet Center of Inprottivo Dememtraireftattlte
BtrW o: Murdered Worknieir In Sebattopol.
Thore took place on tho 20th of
October in the city of Sebastopol sn
extraordinary funeral attended by almost tho entire population. It was
tho occasion of the burial of those
peaceful citizens who on thc night of
the publication of the Imperial Manifesto of liberation to prisoner*
sought peaceably to carry this news
of freedom to the prisoners and were
shot down by the troops. In spite
of tho tons of thousands who had
assembled the order at the grave waa
romarkettble. Tne energetic objections of tho municipal representatives had succeeded in keeping away
the military and police.
After tho dead had been given over
to thc earth and tho speeches of the
Mayor and other prominent ottieens
wore finished, Lieutenant ot Marines
Schmidt, stopped forward to the
grave. His appearance aroused the
greatest interest in tho thick mass
who had peopled the neighboring hillocks with thousands of uncovered
heads. During the last fow days,
Schmidt had become well known as
a political agitator and worker for
freedom. Although not a member
of the City Council, ho had been in*
vlted by the Mayor to take part in
tho sessions and the advice which he
had given thoro had brought him
groat popularity among the workers.
As tho silence of tho grave extended throughout thc people this speak,
or, exhausted by the continued tireless agitation, begun to speak with
a low but deeply impressive voice:
"Only prayers are thought to be
fitting at the grave, but the words
of love and the sacred consecration
which I wish to lay upon you hero,
have much in common with a prayer. When the joy at the rising sun
of freedom lllTed the souls of those
sleeping ones around wlu so grave
wo stand their first impulse was to
hasten with all rapidity to those
who lay tn prison, because of their
efforts for freedom and who therefore in this hour of universal rejoicing found themselves robbed of
this greatest good. Taking with
them this messaga of joy they hastened to the prisoners. They sought
to set them free, suid tor this were
murdered. They wished to share that
highest good of life—freedom—and,
therefore, were themselves robbed of
life. What a hideous crime. What
an immeasurable and useless sorrow!
Now their souls look down upon us
and dumbly question, "What will you
do with this good of which we have
been forever deprived? H«w will
you use your freedom? Can you promise us that we shall be the last sacrifice of despotism; and if we would
give peace to these rest loss souls we
must swear that we will do this. I
swear to them," rang out his voice,
'.'that wo will never yield a hand's
breadth ot the human rights that wo
have alroady conquered. I swear to
this,',"- said the speaker with upralsf
ed hand. "I swear to this," rang
back dhe many thousand Voices. "Wo
swear before them that we will   de-
We have been told many a time
and oft that the poverty existing in
the shim districts of >ne gr* at cil es
of the civilized world i=) «*i.<r«sJ by
thc drinking habit s>nd « .nor e*tra-
vaaianires of "the poor." It is m>t
explained how "the i<oor' can be
extravagant. Thc nmtfiible hum!!
ftuota of the world's u.-ois rhtained
by slum dwellers compel them to
live in the slums and ; we iheiti in
conditions more fit .'or dogs than
human beings. The "ett.ravu-|-*n;e
of the poor" is a phantasy of tne
well-nourished brain of the -.-»i>iinlist
apologist, The miswry and sgoelor
of the homes in IM *lam arive
many of tho inmates to the trin
palace where, when f.irtuuatc enough
to have the price, leiojmrary fcrget-
fulness may be obtain .il i.ns. some
sort of substitute tit th* social en
joyment open to those with the
means at their command. Drink,
in some individual caaas, drives the
drinker to poverty, bat I'ovtrty
drives more to drink ihan ever di ink
drove to poverty. I'.-e Khrimt of tlie
awful misery and ik-stauiion to be
found wherever man s •!■••• /ed ' is
far moro deeply seated thai in the
habit of drinking not w *.-iy t*<it too
well.
a       •       •
The Salvation Vrmy s linked upon with great favor by lb-.' tilling
class as being useful in caring for
the flotsam and jetsam of the capitalist sea. and in helping to keep tha
mind of the worker fixed on mansions in realms above while the capitalist robs him here below. Statements regarding the extent of poverty when issued by thc Salvation
Army will bo accepted as correct.
Under the heading of "Despair and
Destitution" the following appears
in the War Cry of thc 6th., inst.,
and from it we see that poverty is
by no means confined to the Shims,
nor is it stated that drink or extravagance caused the despair and destitution:
•   o   *
. "ltecently a War Cry representative visited the homes of the unemployed in Ijondon with a Slum Officer, aud his report gives heart-rending descriptions of despair and
scenes of starvation. Below we
print a few of the observations.
"It is impossible to describe fully
the awful destitution and despair
witnesses* in the homes visited.
Kach had its own bitterness, its own
special circumstances; all alike shared the miseries, of unemployment.
"In one house we found the mother
very ill in bed with only a thin,
small blanket she had borrowed from
a neighbor, and several coats covering her. The husband had just
come in after walking ten miles
looking for work, and was, mending
his clothes. He had had steady'
work all his life until twelve months
ago; since thon he had only had a
day now and then. The house was
absolutely stripped of every possession but tho bed and table and the
inevitable window curtain. There
was only a key hanging on the wall
and a card wishing all and sundry
a merry Christmas. The husband is
a strong, intelligent man, with a
most pleasing face.
"The awful despair of this unfortunate man can better be imagined
than described, and yet it would be
impossible for anyone who had not
passed through a similar bitter experience even to imagine its cruel
depths.
"Another laboring man we visited
looked like Uiant Despair. What
knocked him over, he said, was his
little boy, aged four, who had "such
an appetite" that he would cry for
hours when there was no bread to
give him. The other three little
ones "didn't seem to mind." The
man said ho would break stones,
sweep thc streets, or do anything.
HOME SOLD OU PAWNED.
"We also called at the home of a
carpenter who had five children, the
eldest thirteen. For six weeks he
had not done a day's work, and for
a long time before that work had
been very irregular. Practically all
tlieir furniture had been sold or
pawned A splendid couch went for
five shillings tho other day. They
owed £3 rent.
"As we went along my guide
pointed out other homes she had
visited earlier in the ween, One
woman had pawned a sewing machine that cost £8 8s., for thirty shillings, nearly a year ago. If that is
not redeemed by Christmas—and only
by a miracle can it be—the machine
will be lost. Another woi-kless laborer has eight children, one of
whom has undergone sixteen opera-
al ions and is still very ill.
"At the last home we visited the
mother really seemed on the verge
of lunacy. She looked like an animal at bay. Her rent was {sounds
in arrears, her children were half
starved and ill, and they had to get
out of the house the next day. She
produced a typewritten letter from
tbe house agent to back up her
Statement.
" 'Yes,' she almost wailed, 'they
do say there is to be King's Work
or Queen's Work soon, at three and
six a day; that is if it comes to
anything. But while we're waiting,
we're starving.'
"I cannot get that poor woman's
face out of my mind. It has got
on my nerves, and I can see its despair, its anguish, as I go about the
city, in the train, on the paper as I
write.    It was awful.
UNFOHGETFUL DESPAIR.
"I do not think that the distress
de-ttrkbed is worse than that oi i
otber suburbs. My reason for going to that particular district was
a purely sentimental one—I used to
live there. And I went, although a
Social Officer assured me 1 could
find what i sought far easier in
otber districts he could name. Tin-
fact is, that every London borough
and district from Edmonton to
Tooting, and from Woolwich to
Hammersmith, is alloc ted by unem-
ptayment and consequent distress to
an extent that is simply appalling*
TFrom our City Colony Uead-
ijuarters the Salvation Army is assisting several hundreds of deeervinis
families to tide over the very critical period. If tho homes ot these
people are to be saved, and tbese
willing, but unemployed workers
kept out of the workhouse, weyahouiet
receive iiuiinxliate and generous support.
"We know a woman who is ill
with cancer and hemorrhage of the
lungs. Her husband has been out of
work a long oiine and her home has
been disposed of bit by bit. They
were in terrible distress. The other
Saturday the husband brought home
two shillings. The same night ths
poor woman sent eight-pence to another family whom she knew were
starving. What reply are you to
give to- the cry of hungry children?*—
J.  P. .¥."
When seeking a condemnation of
capitalism we Socialists do not need
to go beyond the facts, they are enough, aye! and more than enough to
\l9how the i failure of the capitalist
system to provide for the wants of
humanity. The Salvation Army sees
no other remedy than, a return iri tha
form of charity of some of the plunder taken from the working class,
and religion ad lib. The Socialist
sees a remedy in changing the ownership of the means of production by
an idle" class into ownership by the
working class—thon shall all have
access- to the means of production
and the full etyiivalont of the product of their labor and none shall
be poor.
SPARTACUS.
vote our whole strength, our whole (
soul, our whole life to tho attainment of freedom. I swear this." "I
swear this," repeated the host. "We
swear before them that we will devote our whole strength and our
whole life absolutely to the working class! I swear to this," "I
swear it," sounded back from tho
assemblage amid sobs. "We swear
that there shall no longer bo among
us Jews, nor Armenians, nor Polos,
nor Tartars, but from now on tnly
equal, free brothers, of a great tree
Russia," and once more the people
shouted back, "swear this," "We
swear that wo will follow this thing
to Its end, until we have attained
universal, equal suffrage for all." "I
swear- to this," came back. There
no longer stood before tho people
simply a speaker, hut a uilghtv tribune, whom tho ton-ih.iusin'l bonded
mass were ready to fod-jw. v "We
swear lieforo them." .-,3*1 thu words
fell from the lips of tho speaker as
though cut from ste-.'l. "'"hat if
universal sulTrage is not i;iven to us
we will proclaim once more the Ken-
oral strike throughout all Russia. I
swear to this," concluded the speaker. "I swear it," rolled like thunder over tho earth.
Tlie speaker had finished. He was
kissed, embraced, a aimpie soWier
threw himself upon his neck, forgetting all discipline, and the official
rank of the speaker. Schmidt dis-
ap|>«ared among the people.      That
same evening'he was arrested on the
order of the commanding general,
Tschurhin, and placed upon the battleship Tri Swatitietia as a prisoner. Six days later the red banner
of the revolution waved above that
battleship.—From the International
Socialist Review, translated by A.
M. Simons from the German.
■ 0 .ii
"'A cold winter without much
snow is what wo have learned to
fear," says Mr. Lane, of the Montreal charity organization. The reason for .this foar is because such a
large number of tho city's population depend upon snow shovelling
for their living through the winter.
When there is no snow to be removed, they starve, hence prosperity can
come to them only through such action of tho elements as would appear to tho balance of tho community as a sort1 of calamity. Luckily,
this winter so far, there has bean a
considerable snowfall. By thus affording an opportunity for the poverty stricken to work off their surplus energy in the gladsome task of
snow-shovelling, Providence has mercifully "tempered the wind to the
shorn lamb"  of capitalism.
later—.Vcopious rainfall on Jan.
IS, removed thu snow without the
expense of hiring snow-shovellers.
By this change of program. Providence tempered tho wind to the tender hide of lhe tax-payer Instead.
•I
if
M
IB
■ ♦wo
,-,-;-•   -rrmr, .
tots WJB*EEI* d£A*IO!f, VAKOOOVUfi,  fifeiirt^H flbtttttfltA.
■ -11.-M
Saturday .. .January 21,1906.
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Saturday .. .January 27, 1906.
RED SUNDAY.
The first anniversary ot (ho cowardly massacre of unarmed and defenseless workingmen by tho It-.i-.sian
authorities in the streets of St. Petersburg, has been observed by the
proletarians of all countries. In addition to parades, meetings, and oth-'.
er ceremonies suitable to the occas-,
ion, this anniversary has been used
for the purpose of raising funds to
bo forwarded to the Russian, workingmen to aid them in their heroic
struggle against the forces of tyranny and oppression that have for centuries held them in thrall* While the
amount raised will no doubt jeach a
considerable sum, it will still (all
far short of that required to enable
the Russian workmen to eojuip themselves for a speedy and victorious
smding of their gallant struggle for
freedom. Like themselves, their fellows of other countries, victims of
the age-long brutalities and robberies of their rulers, are in too impoverished a condition to be able to
give in full measure that which every
proletarian knows and feels to be
necessary and ought to be forthcoming.
This■ world-wide observance of the
anniversary of "Bloody Sunday" by
the proletariat, furnishes indisputable evidence that events are moving
rapidly in these days of unbridled
capitalist production, and merciless
and unscrupulous capitalist rule. It
affords a happy augury that the timd
is fast approaching when the workers can no longer be kept asunder
through race prejudice, differences of
religion and such subterfuges, but
bound together by the ties of class-
instinct and solidarity they will
make simultaneous assault upon their,
respective ruling classes and bring
speedily to an end the long drawn,
out agony, the miserieu and the horrors that have been their, portion
since human slavery first reared its
hideous bulk upon the stage of history. Just as the proletarians of
the world are compelled to work together in the industrial field, owing
to the character of the modern implements of industry, so are they
being compelled to think together
and act together in defense of their
common interests, irrespective of nationality, race or creed.' As common
victims of a common exploiter, international capital, they are rapidly
coming to recognize thoir own international ity, and that wherever
they may be, under whatever nag
they may happen to abide, they are
outraged by the one common enemy,
the capitalist class. Realizing this,
though perhaps unconsciously, they
begin to feel that Jhe brutalities
practiced upon the workers of any
given country, are the concern of the
workers of all other countries; that
any effort put forth by the workers
of one country to gain a greater freo-J
dom is an effort put forth upon behalf of the entire working-class, and
a victory gained is a victory for labor aa a whole. In obedience to
this developing of class-instinct or
class solidarity, large numbers of
the world's workers observed ..the anniversary of "Bloody Sunday." As
the years roll by this spirit will
strengthen and grow, impelled forward by the ever increasing economic pressure brought to bear upon
the workers by the rule of capital
as it becomes more highly developed
and conrnwAiently more powerful. With
each recurring year an increased
number of workers will observe the
anniversaries of those days upon
which Labor's martyrdom has been
particularly emphasized, all of which
portends the approach of the tiine
when. through the triumph of an
awakened working class that martyrdom shall cease. All hail to the
Revolutionary Russian proletariat.
The veritable vanguard of freedom's
battling host. May they speedily
carry their cause to victory, and may,.
the workers of all lands, "go and do
likewise."
 .—o
SLAVERY IN MONTREAL.
r     '    ■
"Ten thousand people in Montreal
in the grip of the usurer!
That is the conservative estimate
made by the Star's investigators
from tbe evidence,, already in their
hands.
Ten thousand homes under tho
whip lash of this modern slavery.
'Ten thousand people who are
afraid of being "sold up" next week
if they are fortunate enough to have
anything to "sell up."
Ten thousand wage-earners who
cannot be sure that they will get
the wages for which thoy are desperately working.
'''Ten thousand hopeless toilers at
the stone of Sisyphus.
"It is worth while for the House
of Commons to come to the rescue
of this ten thousand?
"If there aro ten thousand In Montreal alone, how many are there
throughout Canada? Hardly a day
passes that a case of usury does not
come before the Toronto Police
Court and excite the righteous wrath
of Col. l>enison, the Police Magistrate."
The above from its columns,' indicates that the Montreal Star "has
discovered that slavery actually exists in that city, and estimates the
number of slaves to be fully ten
thousand. The slave master in this
case is the usurer, and woeful indeed, is the howl the "'Star" raises
to high heaven 'because of the merciless manner in which he lays the lash
upon the backs of his victims. The
"Star" has thrown a needless fit.
It is like the mariner in a fog who
has lost his reckoning. That which
it has in mind is but one of the evidences of the slavery that exists r.ot
only, in Montreal, but in every part
of the civilized world. It is one of
the results of slavery, an extreme to
which the slave is driven when tho
ration accorded him by his master
is insufficient to meet the requirements of himself and those dependent upon him. It is the slave who
is compelled to resort to the money
loaner and place as security in his
hands such belongings as he may
have been able to acquire in spite
of his condition of slavery.
The wealth producers of Montreal
and elsewhere are slaves, by virtue
of the fact that they are compelled
to produce wealth for others. That
which they bring forth by their labor becomes the property of those
who employ them, or command their
services. That is all there ever was
or can be to human slavery, cither
under thc chattel, feudal or wage-
form. Under any form of slavery,
the slave is only entitled to such
material comforts, as the master sees
fit to allow him. As a slave he has
no means of guaranteeing to himself
anything above this. The slave is
legitimate prey not only for the) master direct, but for all of his retainers and hangers-on, from the usurer
who loans him trifling sums and
seizes uppn his poor belongings as
security, down to the sky-pilot who
takes his last copper in return for
teaching him to obey his master and
be content with the station in which
it has pleased Providence to place
him, and for greasing his soul so
that he may be able to easily slip
through the pearly gates into the
heavenly beatitudes beyond.
The slave master is the capitalist.
The slave is he who surrenders his
power to labor at the factory, shop,
mine, railway, etc., in return for
wages, or in the case of the working
farmer, crystallizes his labor power
into wheat, corn, cotton, etc., and
is forced to surrender these things
into the hands of capitalist property. The present is essentially a slave
civilization, for its entire superstructure is reared upon the plunder of
the producers of wealth. Out of
this process comes all of its power,
its poverty and weakness. Out of
this process is bred the coarse, vulgar and arrogant brutality of the
masters, and thc equally coarse and
vulgar servility and toadyism of
their henchmen, hangers-on and apologists.
That workingmen find themselves
compelled to go to the money loaner for assistance, im proof enough of
either the inadequacy pf their wages,
or their Inability to obtain steady
employment. This in an age of the
rasst prolific production tho world
over saw, and in a country that
boasts of resources sufficient to sustain many times its present pcpula.
tion, is sufficient to condsmn the
present system in the eyes ot any
thinking person.
The "Star" should pursue Its investigations a little farther. Possibly it might uncover the fact that
the '.'usurer" is but an incident of
the present system of property, and
by no means the cause of the poverty and distress that even the1 "Star"
is forced, to acknowledge is widespread among the working class.
From what ls generally known of
Police Magistrates in this end of the
Dominion, the "righteous wrath of
Col. Denlson" would be,-worth going
thousands of-miles to see. lt certainly would be a phenomenon capable of exciting superstitions reverence.
 ,—o	
POLITICAL ACTION.
ness upon tho field of Labor, which
is even now breaking. Let every
ono who has the cause of labor at
heart bend every energy in spreading
tho gospel of the Revolution among
the workers. By 1.0 doing they will
be merely interpreting the mandate
of the machine at this stage of Its
development.
LEGISLATIVE REPORTS. """
Even the most careless student of
the growth and development of the
capitalist system of production could
scarce avoid reaching the conclusion
that eventually tho wage-working
class would beoome revolutionary in
its action. That so intense would
become the economic pressure as the
system reached its most complete
stage of development, that these proletarians would, in sheer self-preservation be forced to make for its over
throv , and thc surtetitiition of something which would givo greater promise of conserving their welfare. To
thousands of persons it has even) mow)
become plain that thc present system can no longer satisfy the needs
of humankind, and that some sort
of change is threatening, although
tho nature of that change is perhaps
not clear.
If a change or upheaval is to occur,
it must have a material or economic
reason, otherwise there' ts nothing to
prompt it. That economic circumstances now exist that not only portend but render an upheaval certain,
in beyond reasonable dispute. The
power of production is so highly developed that it is possible for much
less than the entire working class to
keep the world's market filled to overflowing with the material things
necessary to man's sustenance and
well-being. But as the extent to
which the wording man may enjoy
the fruits of his toil and that of his
fellows is measured by the size of
his wage, and this is always kept
close to the actual living point because of the intense competition arising among thc workers, growing
out of the fact that the labor of less
than all of them is roduired to keep
up the supply of goods, he finds himself cut off from any participation in
thc increased wealth made possible
through the highly developed system
of production. Yet he cannot break
away from it. It holds him in its
embrace as with veritable bonds of
steel. Each dafc- hc must be on'hand
when the whistle blows or the hour
strikes to take his place in his own
particular niche In the complicated
mechanism of organized economic
power. Whatever other associations
he may indulge in or other organizations he may affiliate with, the economic organization of present-day
civilization is tho only one which
can command his allegiance and loyalty through thick and thin.
The economic organization of capitalist civilization that hold*, tho
workman in its fetters while *et denying him participation-in thc benefits arising from tho organization,
not only points out to him the necessary line of action to follow in order to realize his share of the benefits but makes it absolutely imperative that such line bc followed.
The machinery and consequent method of capitalist production must
of necessity force the workers eventually to revolutionary action. Than
is to such action as will break the
rule of capital and the consequent
power of the capitalists to seize thc
product of labor and give to tho
workers themselves the mastery of
economic power, and control of production  and the products.
Can the rule of capital be broken
by fighting in the "economic field"
as it ia commonly termed? Manifestly not, for the reason that the
strike, boycott and such irseosjures,
do not and cannot destroy control
of the economic power by capitalists, as this control is maintained j-y
the organized powers of thc State,
and ls expressed in their titles of
ownership In land, factories, railways, etc. If the workers are to
break the rule of capital and its con-
wi-iient absorption of the benefits of
modern industry they must by some
means destroy the title of ownership which is now vested in the capitalists. As the State is tho means
whereby such ownership is affirmed,
aad the owner protected In the enjoyment of his property rights, it
stands to reason that here lies tho
point to be attacked by the workers if they would effect the desired
change. They must obtain control
of the powers of the State, i.e., government, in order to strike down the
objectionafble control ot economic
power by the capitalists, and substitute their own instead.
The economic groundwork or basis
for the proletarian revolution is already prepared in the capitalist system of production. The economic
organization to hack up and render
Wfcctive the seizure of the political
powers by the proletariat for the
purpose of breaking the economic
rule of capital, Is already at hand.
The hour for human freedom only
awaits   the dawn of class-coascious-
Arrangements havo been made to
obtain a weekly roport of tho pro-
M-eding* of the House at Victoria,
more especially relating to tho part
played by the Socialist members.
All speeches made b.v Hawthornthwaite nnd Williams, will be reported as nearly as possible in full.
.To the workingmen of tho Province
and elsewhere these reports should
prove invaluable as showing tho attitude taken by Socialist members
upon the questions that may be
brought before parliamentary bodies
at this stagw of proletarian iH-veiop-
niont. later on when the workers
are thoroughly awakened have sent
into lhe various legislative bodies
strong delegations representing the
revolutionary asjiHrations of the
working class, it is needless to say
that the i-m-stions forced upon such
bodies for consideration will taWo on
a different character than is possible
at tho present time. It will then bo
possible to push forward direct measures looking to thc "expropriation
of tho expropriators" by converting
the huge modern industrial e*ta|»lisli-
ments of capital into the collective
property of the working class., Pending such time thc legislative activity
of Socialist representatives will of
necessity lie "cribbed, cabined and
confined," to questions of far
importance to the workers,
Ijnestions thut must be attended
ss leading up to tho ultimate
between the exploiters and tho
ploited.
The first of these reports, which
will be found in this issue, is recommended to tho careful consideration
of the reailers. When read, pass lt
along to your neighlior, who may
perchance not lie financially aide to
subscribe,
less
twit
to
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o
There seems to be a wide-spread
agitation going on ngurnst the adulteration of food, poisonous fatten*
nssdicines and other innocent and tri-«
vial little practices of similar character. Such wilful and malicious in-
terference wilh the sacred rights of
property and the noble occupation of
making profit out of trade ought to
be severely dealt, with. If it. is not,
the time is near at hand whon "incentive" will be destroyed, thrift, Industry and enterprise no longer be
able to reap its reward, and humanity lis- plunged into the awful darkness of barbarism. Life would not
lie worth living were it not for the
pleasure that comcth from selling
t-a.h other rotten, shoddy, adulterated and poisonous eatables, drinkables wearables and other stuff. Out
upon these impostors who would
turn the offervescing gaiety of our
glorious commercialism, Into thc
melancholy Scotch PreMiytej-ion
gloom of a Utopian and impractical
decency.
 o-	
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114
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We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should Justly belong. To
the owners of the means of wealth
production belongs the product ol
labor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means ot wealth production; therefore all tho products of
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist is master; the worker
is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
In possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights In the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system given to the
capitalist an ever-swelllne stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
Tbe interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting Itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
thc nfr-olition of the wage system. To
accomplish this necessitates the
transformation of capitalist property in the moans of wealth production into collective or workings'I ass
property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating In a
struggle for possession nf the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure It by political
action.   This ts the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
(towers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation as rapidlv
as possible, of capitalist property hi
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
3. Thorough and democratic organization nnd management of industry by tho workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is abolished,
make tbe answer to this question its
guiding rule of conduct. Will thia
legislation advance the Interests of
the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, tbe Socialist
Party  Is  for It;  if It  will  not.  the
Phoenix Trades and Labor Council.
Meet* every alternate Monday
President, M. I. OMWs: Vice-President, N. Leuloux; Sergeant-at-
Am». T. U. Cosgrove; Seeretarv-
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APPLICATION FOK MEMBERSHIP IN THE SOCIALIST  PARTY    OF CANADA.
hereby  apply  for  membership
I,     THE     UNDERSIGNED.
In Local
 Socialist   Parly  of
Canada.
I recognize the class struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. 0., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitate* the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all pariles of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
1 hereby agree to maintain or
enter into no relations with
nny other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
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AN EIHT01UAL OEM.
^.m ii ■■■■—
On tho polltloal field, while capitalism exists, opportunism must bo
,to watchword with the revohitlon-
,.,v en.l in view all tho time. The
reason for this is that no revolution
„rv political party can function us
such While capitalism exists. - The
It is generally supi»ose<l that the
t„iiio(ty individual who presides over
the editorial sactuiu of a paper is
the very embodiment of wisilom.
This supposii Ion Is no doubt well
uroimdod, in fact, because, anything
fine closo sending of tho editorial
personage will nvariably dim low a
inost striking rewMiililance to con-
trute wisdom. Careful rewearch iwill,
however, be neccas-ary to unearth
tram the world* stock of editorial
pabulum a gem of purer "ray sor-
t-nt- " limn the above from our otv
loeined Suit Lake City exchange. To
the ignorant and uncultivated hea-
than or savage, wandering nnd Hound
Bring in the wildem-** and bog ol
,i,nfusion caused by bin own lack of
tandtrstanding, who lias litem foolishly led away with ilie nl-ut that the
revolutionary movent ml that was to
overthrow iBpitalism w.-uld cease to
|k- ievolutionary once ll'ut task was
lunslied, by the scintill.hi.ma oi this
Ullbertail »fen», mny ea*i»> see what
an unsull. ralile as* ho wus for en-
t.-running such crude and f.-nliah no-
ii.iii.-. Let him henceforth wander
uiul Bounder no more, but with this
■ -.Mil in his possession as a sacred
talisman to dissipate the surrounding i"K. und conjure away the cobweb from his noddle, go boldly forth
ronfideat In tlve faith, that prior to
ilie aitoiiiplishuiont of its purpose a
revolutionary movement can only be
..pportunistic. Afterwards it can be
a» revolutionary as—well, say Hair-
ertv's wheel tor instance.
n i i i m ■ ■ s
TO ALL CONCERNED:
All Communications to the Pro-
..i.muI Executive Committee simuid
h.-ii..forth be uddrcnawl lo W. H.
1 lowers, Sec"., Room !1, 222 Prior
hireetX  Vancouver, H.C.
loiifmiinlcatloni to the Dominion
l.iciulvo CoiuiiillU-u should be sent
to .1. 0. Morgan, See., 501 I in maid
>invi, Vancouver, B.C.
If correspondents will tie particular in sending thoir communication*
to the proper address, it will avoid
confusion and delaj.
Tin- \ ancouver "World" is alter
th.- qitaeit medicine ads. just now
hotfoot. No doubt they ere frauds
and swindle! of a very tours.- and
1'jlgar type and ought to be donouue-
.-.I a* wnh. Dul Uu-re aro certain
m ranger* hereabout*. who wniuiv
th.- opinion that tho "World's" ad-
i.-rtitsing of itself in equally coarse,
n.lgttr and devoid of truth, in fail
'hut it I* about the most shaui.T.-ss
exhibition of moral iiiikd-din-s thai
has occurred iu \am.oiiv«j aince the
pm id. ai ion  of iiupout Sl.
Provincial Parliament
absolute necessity, and wo got it
from Ottawa. Someone raised the
question of how they were to roftch
the wliarf, to whiih the Government
candidate replied that he had interviewed the President of the Colliery
Company and found that gentleman
very accommodating, aud the joat-
ter was all fixed; but the trouble
wus it wouldn't may fixed. I Laughter.) Last summer when tho road
worKmen had graded tt road to within u few feet of the tuwiic street,
the Wellington Colliery Co. came
along, and by a skilful" feat of engineering, made it impossible to obtain a crossing at that point. The
remarkable ion urn tlons of the Colliery Oompany 1 will not deal with
at this point. They are better fit-
led for the consideration of this
House In the form of a resolution.
Later on tho C. P. R., having acquired th« E. & N. Railway canie
into the matter with the ridiculous
claim that they wore charged with
u fatherly care over tho adjoining
projivrty, and rather I han go back
on the Colliery Company, they will
apjieal to the Railway Co i-misaion
at Uttuwa to compel a ' rolling to
tie made under thc-ir track through a
slight depression that iho Colliery
Company has lieen industriously filling in ever since the -lifllcully hus
aiiw-ii. ilaughter.j My 0«-'n impression is that il this Oovunment
hod energetically asserted its own
power in the case, the uiaU-.'r could
have been fixed with the C. P. R.
Company without any appeal to
Ottawa. But as matters Maud today the question ha* to go to the
Railway Commission. A wing of
tho Ottawa Government will determine whether Ihe cost of that crossing will be two or three dollars to
several thousand dollars, and the
money must come from the Provincial Treasury. This appears to me
to lie a condition of affairs which
cun never work out satisfactorily,
and furthermore I believe Chat this
or any olher Province could safely
make n test case of the i-u.-siion as
Uj whether the Hominion Government
has the power to limit or define the
jiowers of Provincial legislation under the H.N.A. Act. We in this
House frequently exceed our powers,
and as far as 1 am able to fudge
from a comparatively close acduain-
taii<«- with several members of the
Dominion Parliament, that institution is fully as liable lo error us
we are.
There is another matter to which
I wish to call tho attention of the
tfoienum-nt. In Ladysmith a small
smelter is located, which, small as
it is, has Durceedcd in solving some
•lillltiilt problems in connection with
the reduction of ores, and has, 1 bu-
lieve succeeded in treating certain
grades of ores 0t lees cost than any
other smelter on the Coast. Notwithstanding this, oiling to thc fact
that there are more smelters on the
coast than the business will juslifv.
It has been found impossible to procure sufficient ore to ko*p the mm-l-
(er continuous!-, running. The metalliferous ureas which run through
the centre  of  the  Island  reach  down
practically lo the shore at Indy-
smith At various. |M>inis—from an
hour's walk from IjulssiiiiUi to 20
miles buck promising locations have
I been made, and many thousand dol-
| lurs   s|«*nt   upon   development    work.
If the Government would, during the
coming summer send the provincial
giJnarBlogist out there, it would no
doubt Ik? of material benefit to those
who are .sinking every spare lU.llnr
they bate in those hill*, and might
iiliiiiia'i-li help to solve tho only
problem whiih the I,ad,\smith smelter has In-.n una-hlc to solve—lhat of
TEBEC.
(Continued Vrtrtn Page One.»
men. sit up ull night looking up an
thurities, precision Is and so on. in
i.|»l\ pr.-imt mo io suy that if a
Judfte, drawing & salary from |."iiKS»
in * lo,i>imi ,*. j.-a, cannot tle> itK a
■ use without listening to authorities*
uhat feuture of his activity ia it
that entitles him to the mugiali. ent
fiwsj to ten thousand salary which he
ll paid?
lho . i.ns.'<*-i.-(i.«- of the present un-
Lhads  and conl  uf   legal  proceedings ore supply."
is ihat iwrsona of small means aro Mr. Williams then turned his at-
dalfj submitting to the injustice*, of tenltou for a time to the iiucution of
the most galling kind ruth, r than railway*, ne stud they liu I mme
iinpovs-riah itsemaelveeiby attempt nag snore or so of railway companies in
to a»M-ri  their rights.    JusUce— law ."the Province    which bad    Ihv bowm
r.i-, U-touie the inMrumetit of tbe
strung to crush ths weak. 1 could
ut Uu* moment cite cases to this
House where Individuals are wrong-
id and defrauded, viewed from a Le-
■fiil or any other standpoint, but
they sutler Huh rather than face certain ruin by appealing to the Court.
Law itself has become a synonym
for poverty, destitution and injus-
Hie. Tho Henchvr* Aauociatioa (Uu
Lawyer*' Trade Union) is controlled
hy this House, and therefore upon
<lns House must fall the duty'of rectifying the abuse, and limitiing tho
'Mi' Uons of this Tradoa Union, or it
should as a logical alternative, endow every other trade and craft
with the Maine absolute powx-r an its
own field as the Benchers' Association possesses. At the present time
I do not possess sufficient, knowledge
of legal attain- to Introduce the legislation necessary to correct tbe evils of which I complain; but 1 think
i could Introduce a duplicate of the
Hen-hero* Association Act with a
slight variation so that it. should apply to coal miners instead of lawyers.
Nucli a Bill I am aware we-i'd not
I'll-.** this House,, but tiki arguments
used would bocoine the Instruments
with which to attack the Lawyers'
Trade Union." (Applause,)
l'l will now for a short time," conr
linuod Mr. Williams, "turn my attention to my own constit-uency. ami
Point out a lew things that are necd-
itl thero. At one time we had a
••ov-ormnent agency established in
Newcastle, but that has now boon
removed, and the removal has been
'ho cause of a groat deal of dissatis-
■uition, and I think tho Government
would do well to re-establish It.
"Another matter of considerable
importance to tho town of Lady-
sinlih is Uu- question of a road to
Oia wharf. Tne drat session that 1
^'as In this House, 1 endeavored to
impress upon tho Government tho
necessity of a public wharf at that
l>o»nt, but failed to make any im-
I'l'cssion. During the following suin-
•■■«r a Dominion election hove in
N'ght, and whon the campaign got
worm tho good people of ladysmith
with an eye to business, grasped tho
f>H»ortunity to got tho Dominion
"dverntnont to supply this public re-
■nrlremunt, as work of this kind
lanio in very handy during an elec-
'^on campaign anyway.   (Laughter).
to go ahead ami construct  railways
if  they   wished,   but  they  all  aienicd
U> to waiting for the Government to
help  them  out.     The  proper  railway
pOIlcy according  to the definition ot
that    (the    Opposition) side of    the
House was  that grants of money or
lund should In- given;  but  there   was
an Impression abroad that money obr
tained that  way wiiit into the (mcto-
t'ts     of    the promoters, as the road
wos  always  bonded  for  a    sufficient
sum to pay for its construction,   lt
was said that 11,500,000 was saved
to  the Province at tho last   session
by the refusal of tho Government to
grant  subsidies  to railways.     If bo,
lt was certainly to Uie credit of the
Go-el nment    who    had resisted  the
OpvosJMon.  who had whined,  wheedled, coaxed and stumpei .xl for aid to
be givvn.      They  had complained of
the scarcity of railways,  und talked
about     the vast undeveloped    areas
of country,  and yet  it was a     fact
that there was a  greater mileage of
railway    |ier    head  in  this Province
than in any other.    To him it seemed that tho benefits that the    work*-
inginan    derived    from the railways
were of a very questionable     order.
They were purely capitalisti»- institutions, and  tho invariable result and
object    of railway construction  was
to keep tho workingmen down.       It
was    snki    that     it would help the
working class by tho labor     it provided,  but  It Invariably operated to
keep thorn down by bringing in thousands of men that spread themselves
over thc industrial Hold and crowded]
out those who were already there. It
•babied the capitalist to crush    the
workingmen by  tho competition    of
cheap    labor    brought    in from tho
East.   There was no sense in    opening  up areas of country  that     were
not  ready  for  development    for    ten
years to come.    It only helped out
a bunch of si"-' -n In tors,  and injected
a little bit of artificial activity into
the commercial   world.     It was  like
mortgaging    the future to open   up
tracts    of country that thoy    nover
made use    of.       If the   Government
wished to havo anything to do with
railways tho proper course   was    to
construct thorn themselves.
Ine fourth member for Vancouver,
(Mr. Mucgownn), had suggested that
they should acqiiiro and open up the
Indian Reserves. "I don't think,"
sakl  Mr.  Williams,   "that   the   time
to cast covetous eyes on the hit of
land held try the Indians. Thero is
abundance of unoccupied land in tbe
country, without want! tg to claim
that. But because these poor Indians are not Imbued with the speculative spirit, it seems that they are
to bo trespassed on and put off the
land they occupy, while all the time
there are thousands of acres in the
Fraser Valley and other places in
the Province which, if taken out of
the hands of the speculators who
have tied them up, would put us in
such a position that we would not
need to bother tht: Indians for many
n year to come."
vTbe member for Rossland has
spokirm of the eight-hour smelter bill
which my comrade fram Nanaimo introduced at. the last session, and
which was defeated by the House
Thc member for Rossland took some
credit to himself for what he had
done to settle that question since
then without the intervention of the
House. I don't wish to trespass
upon that gentleman's pride in his
own work at all, but it does seem
to me that thc part played by the
member for Rossland in that affair
■vas about the same as that of little Jack Horner, who sat in the corner eating his Christmas pie, when
he put in his thumb and pulled out
a plum, and said: 'What a good boy
am I.' (Iiaughter.) Little Jack
Horner's aha re of that pie was about
tho same as that of the member for
Kossland in settling the eight-hour
difficulty in smelters.
"The member for Chilliwack in his
speech said that he was not a Socialist. Now, there is no one in
this House for whom 3 have greater
respect than that gentleman, or of
whose sincerity in the course he
takes I have greater faith. There is
no one whose word I would take
quicker because he never goes out ot'
his way to make party capital, and
when he saiil he was not a Socialist, I thoroughly hetinved liim. That
he was not a Socialist was shown
in speaking of the timber industry,
when he praised the Dominion Gov
arnment which was filling up the
Northwest by its immigration policy and so supplying a market for
lumber. I have taken some trouble
to go into tho effects of that policy
ome or twi-e, but it will stand a
little more discussion. Thore is on*
little phase that is overlooked in
talking of the Domaiiion imrmgration
policy. They talk about the Douk-
hobors and Oalirians, but seem to
forget their effect on the labor market, when the fact is that the Douk-
hohor will go into Winnipeg and cut
wood for 25c a load, a price at
which no decent, respectable Chinaman  would  work."    (laughter.)
Mr. Williams gave a few instances
of how this policy was working out
in the Northwest. An Italian laborer on a remote branch of the C.
V. It., finding himself wrongwl by
the local railway officials, sent to
the Italian consul at Winnipeg and
asl-id him to tnk»- Ok* matter up
with the C.P.R, authorities tliere.
Th" consul went accordingly, but tbe
Officials simply told hrm that it was
of no use, as they did not require
anv more Italians anyhow, as they
had plenty of Poukhifhors now. lt
was said thnt the immigration policy was justified |,y the demand for
farm labor. What were the facts?
The farmer would send down to the
Dominion Government Agency in
Winnipeg asking for help. The agent would send along a man who
would be hired at S12 or $14 a
month. Coming from Europe where
the scale of wages were J v, he considered it a princelv <r but in a
short time he sav wh, I others were
being paid nroi-.. him and becoming
wise to his s^'.in'ion he discovers
that he wili I .. long time getting
-ich at ■*•■'' r;;te of wages, and de-
iiiiii.us ,t rise. Immediately that
-,..-•>...- sends down to Winnipeg for
another green man at a low wage,
and the first man finds himself out
of a job. The average farmer got
two men a year, and as this process
was going on continually the result
was to Hood the labor market and
keep the wages down.
It was said of coutae that many
of these people came out to take up
land nnd farm themselves, but the
figures given by thc United States
linmigraUon Department showed
that the average capital of Uie im-
misjrniits landing there for one year,
was $42 |ier ln-ad. It could not lie
(exfiectcd that it was any more in
Canada, nnd the result was that
they went to swell the ranks of the
industrial una•••' lyed.
"While I lni' io objection to any
man coming in tn this country of
his own free wi ':," snid Mr. Williams, "I do object to schemes tor
bringing men out here wholesale.
The workingman who comes out hero
instead of being in the position to
produce something to sell to his fellow- man, finds himself obliirod to
sell that with which something is
produced, namely, his own lubor. ln
this respect we hold the same position towards tho body politic as
the ordinary farmer to the Massey-
Harris Company for instance, and 1
ask that tho Dominion Government
quit this work of going through everybody else's pockets for Uie sake
of bringing in people to compete
with those who are already here.
This system of continually overstocking tho labor market in this
manner, should be stopped."
Mr. Williams continued that they
heard a groat, deal of what his immigration policy of tho Dominion
Government was doing to increase
tho population of tho country, but
it was doubtful if it oven did tbat.
Ho had gone into tho matter carefully, and tho figures used by Mr.
Fielding in his budget speech in the
year li>04 as compared with Uie estimated population and immigration
since 1896, seemed to show a decrease if anything. Tho figures he
had gathered road as follows:
Population,  1896   6,107,118
Immigration between 1896
and 1004       518,548
In other words there' were e8,470
people less than the increase for immigration in the country in 1.J04.
This left out of count altogether the
natural increase in tho meantime
which was estimated at about 15
per cent., which should mean In a
population of 5,000,000, an increase
of 650,000, so that it would look as
if about 700,000 people had been
lost in tho Dominion during that
period, it meant that if these immigrants had stayed in the country
they had reduced wages and crowded
out more than their own number of
people bred and reared here. In
other words Canadian citizens born
in thc country and adapted toit,
had gone out and their places had
been taken by Doukhobors and Ga-
licians and people of that stamp,
who had no more sense than to take
off their clothes, and go to Winnipeg in the middle of winter hunting
for Christ,   daughter.)
Worse than that the Dominion
Government had now hitched itself
on to the Salvation Army, and encouraged them to collect all the Ii infers and scoundrels who were i naole
to make an honest living in the old
country with a fine tooth comb end
a mud rake, and after gathering all
the social garbage they could, v mild
dump it down in Canada where they
were overcrowded with enough of lho
kind already. If they took the re-
[Kirts of the Immigration Officers
from year to year and looked into
the accounts they would find a trail
left by theso immigrants all the way
from Halifax to the Northwest. It
was "Bread for immigrant in one
place," "Clothes for immigrant" in
uiiother plune, "Medicine for sick immigrant" bene, and "coffin for dead
immigrant there." (Laughter.) This
alone was sufficient to Show th*; class-
of men the Government were bringing out to drive the Canadian workmen away from their homes.
He did not know how the Salvation Army system would work out,
but he considered it a disgrace that
thc Dominion Government should
give to steamship agents, the most
conscienceless class of men on earth,
$5 n head for every immigrant they
could induce to break up his home
m the old country and come out
here. It was simply putting a premium • on misrepresentation, awl
some of the stories told by those
men should be sufficient to bring
them under the Criminal Code. He
kaiew how it had been in his own
case, anil hc was sure that it was so
with others. The worst feature of it
all was that the Government of Canada connived in these delusions. In
Great Britain the |*.-ople had always
learned to trust their Government
and the stamp of the Government of
fln-nt Britain on a piece of metal
was considered as good as tho word
of the whole Empire. Consckjhjsntly,
when literature was sent out from
Ottawa bearing the impress of the
Dominion Government, it was believed in nnd trusted, but when the
immigrant arrived in Canada, and
found these documents about as wiile
of the mark as Jules Verne's works
on scientific matters, no wonder that,
he was heart-broken often, but he
found himself there and had to stay
even if he displaced someone l»red
ami horn in  the country.
The Government at Ottawa was a
class institution, and its immigration -policy was for the purpose of
furthering the interests of its capitalist supporters, but the fact thtt
the Dominion Parliament allowed I
this policy to lie carried on without
protest was a lasting reproach and
disgrace to the members of that
House. Thc Government had spent
$746,000 on immigration last year,
and he could not himself see any results for it. This money had been
taken out of the pockets of the industrial classes of the country for
the purpose of bringing in other lc-
boring men to compete with thcin,
and hc thought it high time that
this practice was stopped.
"Many references have been made"
concluded Mr. Williams, "to the late
member for Allterni, Mr. Mcinnes.
Well, all I can say is that his career shows that politics pays under
certain conditions. However, that
may bo, we shall lie pleased to see
him back, moro especially if he
comes back nnd joins the Socialist
Party."    daughter and applause.)
Big REDUCTION Sale
INMERCHANT TAILORING
We Have Removed from Victoria
 ALL OUR	
Fall And Winter
Stock. Must be Sold
Before Spring Goods
Arrive
Cheapest Bargains in the City
Give Us a Trial.   Fit Guaranteed.
Charlie Dunn.
100 Hastings Street      -e>      &      Vancouver, B. C.
*   Out   {Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
FALL SUITING
From $25.00 Up.
E.   SHAPER,
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
29 Johnson St., Victoria. B.C.
UNION-MAOE BRIM MID CMC!
Delivered  to amy  part of th* city.    Aak
Driver   to   call.     Thon*   849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
thy
HASHES' FAIR
It towramat Stmt, Vkliria. I. C.
60   YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
CoPYRKH-rra Ac.
An»one sending * skelrh end deeerlpilon msr
-.•IcklT -NKertAin oar opinion free whether su
invention Is probably pstentablejComniunlm,
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
lions strictly conlldmtial. HUMBOOIl on Patent*
sent free. Oldest -u-ene-r for secnrtpcMlants.
Patent* taken thr.mtih Mann A Co. receive
iv-fcw-l untie*, wit boat charge, tn th*
Scientific American.
A handsomely lllnslrated weekly, largest circulation of any scientinc Journal. Terms. (3*
yew: I onr month*. IL Bold by all newsdealers.
MUNrUCo.™*-—' Hew York
Branch OrncV** ¥ BU Wa*h!n«ion. V. C.
HAROLD BURNETT
NEWS AGENT.
Victoria General Agent for Ths
8EATTLB TIMKS
PORTLAND OREGONIAN
SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE
SAM FRANCISCO EXAMINER
LOS ANGELES EXAMINER
LOS ANGELEX TIME8
CHICAGO   AMKRICAN
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NEW YORK AMERICAN
«•      HERALD
"     NEWS
■'     TELEGRAPH
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Also handles San Francisco Sub*
day Bulletin and Call. Prompt anri
regular dally delivery aervicwi to
subscribers.
P.O. Box 444,  Victoria, B. C.
TELEPHONE B779
HENRY BEHNSEN & Ct.
•
HAVAM
CIMRS
; Hi. I Caatn tt
VICTORIA. B.C.
—THE	
in £ci:ar
REGISTERED
tam***tt***t***t******f*9
THE  WESTERN  CLARION
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.78.
Bundloa of 25 or more copies to
one address, for a period of three
months or more at the rate of one
cent per copy.
Patronize our advertisers.
United Hatters of North America
Whets you ar* buytaf a FOK HAT am te  It  that
th* Uenuia* Ualoa Le.be* la *•*/■*) ta it. Ii a ratal!**
has loo** label* in hi* pom—Ion aad offers te pet
one ln a hat tor you. do not patroniz* him. Loom
label* ia retail •tore* sue coonUrfeJU. The. genuine
Ualoa Lab-el I* perforates os tour edge*. *iart:y the
■erne ae a poatag* *ta»p. Counterfeits are *o*n*.
time* perforated ea three edge*, aad sods time* only
oa two. Jena B. Stamen Co.. ef Philadelphia ia a
non-ttnloa msiiesa.
JOHN A. MOrrrrr,  Piesident, Orange. »■ '?.
MARTIN   LAWLOR.   Secretary,   Il W averly    Pla*»
*?«->*;
SOTTING MACHINE.
tOUEB BBAR1NO.
HIGH GIADS.
MATCHLESS LIGHT
There is no home too small to use Electric Light. Every dwelling should uso It—everybody should use it.
The children—bless them!—they cannot upset the Electric Light
and bum the house down. They can do no harm whatever wilh
Electric  Light.
It can be lighted or extinguished hy a touch of the button. No
lamps to clean, no smell of   Coal Oil, no disfigurement of walls.
When a small amount of light is needed, 6 or 10 candle power lamps may be installed, thus reducing the total expense of lighting bv this method.
Call and see us in reference to Installing Electric Light to take
the place of your Coal Oil Lamps.
B.C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO.
Total  ,   5,626,461
Actual population to 1904 5.557.&91
S c\V(
He%\ ft--. Jt.inny, the*'wharf was nnl •"»•» W ■»rr,v«1 (hat wo shou,d navo
Loss
68,170
by buying this
reliable, honest,
high grade i
ing machine.
STRONGEST GUARANTEE.
National Sewing Machine Co..
SAN  FRANCISCO.  CAL.
FACTORY ATBBLVIOBaa ILL.
Hudson's Bay Oompsay, Agents
OUR
Cascade Beer   sells all
Queen Beer      Over the
Ale and StOUt     Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
f from
y
II
'"■-
1
I
lit
I
ii)
isawiM.
i i-VTsTTfi a..
ggg jgggrgjjb cUiiQN, VAKcotrfrER, britis* 66lijisia.
Saturday .. Janti&r'y 2?, 1900,
i®©E
NEWS AND VIEWS
■ - ■ ■ ■ i  seas ■ ■ - Stag '.*i.-.------.----r;-^-*.-s*-:--L-ji ■ -. : ■>.■.■■■ ■—■■■•■....■■■■■— ■ ., ., . .—„
«
9
9
9
9
9
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   $
* Edited by R. P. PETTIPIECE, to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed. 9
SECRETARIES PLEASE NOTE "  —*"****— ■
While it is possible for the editor
of "News and Views" to secure access to the Party correspondence of
both the B. C. Provincial Secretary
(Com. Flowers), and the Dominion
Executive Secretary, (Com. Morgan), much better results could be
attained were the Secretaries of all
Locals to send their Party news direct. Address: 'Ml. P. Pettipiece,
Vancouver, B. C."
BLOODY  SUNDAY"   COMMEMORATION
And now they speak of "Governor-
General" Smith, in Democratic United
States. Governed ? Perish the very
thought of It!
mm*
"The present century belongs to
the'man in overalls."—E. T. Kingsley, in "Bloody Sunday" commemoration speech, City Hall.
* *   *
A real live Prince is to visit Vancouver shortly. What a lovely time the
nnobrocacy and militia will have kowtowing to one who probably never did
a useiu, day's work in his life.
* *   *
Party matters in B.C., should be
addressed to the 1906 Secretary, W.
H. Flowers, Vancouver; while J. G.
Morgan is secretary of the Dominion
Executive Committee,—having jurisdiction throughout Canada — until
such time as other Provincial organizations are inaugurated.
* *    *
Another life, this time a brakesman
ot Revelstoke, has been sacrificed on
the altar of "profit." More mileage,
more "wages." And the victims to be
continue to vote for Its perpetuation.
Socialism would remove the "incen-i
tlve"—more "wages" and "profit"—
by operating the railways for the use
and pleasure of those who do the
world's work.
* *    *
The recent municipal ramp*.!*-****   of
the Socialist Party in Vancouver has
aroused much attention from quarters heretofore unexpected. New Issues were permanently taU'oduced,
and hereafter school trustees will
have to deal with Socialist demands
or face defeat. Free kindergarten,
text-books, etc., will be the next
item on the program, owing largely
to Socialist Party agitation.
* *   *
ln connection with the human victims of profit-taking, as expressed in
the more recent Valencia tragedy of
the sea, the local Daily World,
(which poses as a "friend of labor")
announces in poster display, "No
Prominent Vancouverites Aboard."
What odds about any other class in
society? One would think that even
the thick-headed workingmen would
get tired some day of having such
coarse insults hurled into their faces
every day by the press exponents of
capitalism.
* *   *
'Hue Walla Walla, the Islander, the
Clallam, and now the Valencia, with
probably the moat distressing loss
of lives, have been paid as living sacrifices on the Altar of Profit. The
City of Puebla broke down; an old
tub—the Valencia—was commissioned in her stead. Ihe result is only
too well known to readers of the
daily press this week. And yet,
there are those who fail to see that
boat-owners, like other capitalists,
must have PROFIT. IU costs money to build boats fitted for Cape
Flattery seas. Oh, yes, this profit
system is a glorious thing, but oh!
what a price tbe people pay for their
foUy.
* *   *
If you do not see all tne results
you desire at once, do not get discouraged. Remember the world was
not made in a day. Safe progress
does not fully materialise in an instant. It cannot be unduly forced,
but it will come gradually as ideas
germinate, and hy natural growth in
dun time, enlarge and finally reach
ths full compass of their strength.
Thus the world moves. Ideas take
root, grow and culminate. The people! become interested, organization
succeeds, action is apparent, the roll
of revolution and progress ts heard
in the land and we at last are con
ducted to tbe completion of our
greatest desires.
* *   *
We Socialists contend that tbe mo-
darn masters of industries—not   idle
parasitic   capitalist*---*!*   as  much
the creatures of and slaves to capital as the wage-slaves.      But    tba
latter, being the more numerous and
oppressed class, must rise   and   free
themselves   from   Job-hunting     and
wage-slavery.      As   an illustration,
s-ead the following excerpt from   the
daily press; "I have seen many forms
of    human wrath, many men transformed   to terrible   things   by anger
but I have never seen any that were
other    than jumping-jack imitations
of tbe Jungle tiger compared    with
Henry H. Rogers,    (oil trust   magnate) wheq he 'lets 'er go'—when the
instant comes that he realizes 'some
one is balking the accomplishment of
his will.    Yet away from the intoxicating spell of dollar-making thin remarkable man is one of the    most
charming and lovable beings I have
ever encountered.     Once he    passes
under the baneful influence of the ma-
chinu, however, he becomes a relentless, ravenous creature, pitiless as a
shark, knowing no law of God    or
men    in    the execution of bis   pur-,
The commemoration mass meeting
of "Bloody Sunday," was well attended considering the down-pour of
rain so prevalent at this time of
the year.
R. P. Pettipiece presided as chairman.
Abe Cariue, a Finnish CouiriMie,
recited an "Ode of Freedom" in his
own language.
E. Burns made a short stirring
speech bearing upon events in Russia.
W. J. Wilkinson gave an interesting reading relative to the situation
in Russia; its effect upon tho workers of the world; and the inevitable
outcome of the pending social revolution.
E. T. Kingsley made an able substitute for the Russian ex-Lieutenant
who was billed to speak, but had
been telegraphed the day before to
hurry to Seattle to meet other Russian lex-soldiers on -their way to New
York City.
Miss Polly Parr provided piano
music.
The collection, nearly $40, will be
forwarded to the International Socialist Bureau, which in turn will be
sent to the Russian revolutionaries
to be used in equipping themselves
with such articles as will accomplish the most for the worker's freedom from a despotic and brutal ruling class. It may be Socialist manifestos, or, when occasion demands,
a few bombs. , The Russian revolutionaries will receive thousands of
dollars as a result of Sunday's international anniversary of "Bloody
Sunday."
A detailed report is withheld because of so much space being given
to legislative reports this week,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
comes to a show-down at the polls.
Nearly all the old members of Victoria IjOcal are now ln Vancouver,
and some of them as far East as
Toronto. But such is the lot of
wage-slaves. Hopscotching after a
job, mates strange bed-fellows as
the politician would say. It also
makes the task of organization a
difficult one.
Vancouver Local is doing some
flood propaganda this Winter—if win*,
ter it can be called, especially by residents east of the Rockies. Though
the membership is gradually increasing, it must be borne in mind that
the great mass of the workers have
no "homes" to be destroyed—capitalism having already- accomplished
that much. But wherever the comrades go, they spread the message
of economic freedom—the social revolution.
Commencing their meetings four
years ago, in a small room over a
second-hand, store, the Party soon
after secured the smaller Sullivan
Hall, then a large store on Hastings street; later a Cordova street
theatre; the larger Sullivan Hall,
and now the City Hall is necessary
to accommodate its audiences.
Looks like the Opera House would
be the next move.
And so mote it be.'
Iu that brief period the Local has
had ita upn and downs—responsibilities and liabilities—and it will still
have them.
But for all that, thc movement
owes us nothing; and we owe it everything.
There's been satisfaction and results here, and now in the doing. It
has been the fulfilment of a duty,
and no sacrifice—there is no such
word as the latter in the Socialists'
vocabulary.
Recent events throughout the world]
are hastening the revolution. Work-
era in B.C., are paying heed and pro*
filing by the lessons learned from
other portions of the capitalist
world.
The mission of the Socialist Party has merely begun.
We are living in the most interest-
Iner epoch of the world's history.
We are making history faster than
we realize,
But, we in Vancouver feel ourselves a part of tho great world-wide
niovcntent ■' for the workers freedom
from capital, and c/uickened by this
thought and the inspiration of last
Sunday evening, new life and renewed activity among Pacific Coast Socialists, is sure to follow.
MONTREAL, QUEBEC.
.The    following    advertisement   recently appeared in the Montreal Star:
i* Workingmen's Club — There will
be a meeting of the 'German Working-men's Chili at 246 St. James St.
on Sunday morning, at 10 o'clock.
The question of forming a Socialist
Local will be discussed.
• As a result. Sec. Morgan has received an application for a Charter,
duly signed b.v thc requisite number
of workers, and 91.75 enclosed for
same.
Otto John is the Secretary, and
writes that tho Montreal comrades
will secure Eugene Debs as a speaker, if possible, while filling his engagements in Toronto and other
points in Ontario, ai mentioned by
Comrade Wrigley in his correspondence some weeks ago.
Com. John is already distributing
Clarions and other Socialist propaganda and hopes to see the ' Local
flourishing shortly.
The comrade also mentions the
bitter opposition of the Church te
Montreal, but feels confident the Socialist movement there, as elsewhere,
must soon triumph.
PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE    COMMITTEE.
Vancouver, B.C., Jan. 23.— Present, Comrades Leah, chairman, Morgan, Pr it chard, Stebbings, Organizer Kingsley and the Secretary.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved.
Communications.
From Vancouver Local, enclosing
$2.50 for due stamps.
From U. S. Italian National Organizer, re tour.    Received and* filed.
From Squamish, making application for charter.   Complied with.
The following warrants were ordered drawn:
For Due Stamps   $10.00
For Supplies      17.66
Receipts.
From Vancouver   $2.60
TORONTO, ONTARIO.
By F. Dale.
TORONTO, Jan. 3.—"• • Members in good standing, 35; admitted
during month, 3. • • We are making good progress. * * The Jews
are forming a branch Local, and the
Finlanders are likewise falling in
line."
HARCOURT, N. B.
By Henry Harvey Stuart.
HARCOURT, N.W., Jan, 8.—From
reports enclosed, you will notice wc
have wakened up a bit—got one
more new member in December; also
four subs for Clarion. Many here
are anxious to study Socialism, and
listen to its advocates more readily
than formerly. * * Send more cop-
he of platform, etc."
DAWSON,   T. T.
By David Crocker.
DAWSON, V. T., Dec. 19.—"• •
We have been busy in propaganda
work since opining our new quarters. Have taken in 17 new members; 40 members in good standing;
total enrollment 90 members. Wc
do not know exactly our numerical
strength as some of the boys are in
out-lying districts (sowing the seeds
of revolution) and doubtless fquite a
number have left the country since
last spring.
At a business meeting on the 17th
inst., the following officers were elected for 1906:
Organizer—.Joseph Johnston.
Fin.   Secretary—David  Crocker.
Rec. Secretary—W. W. Scott.
Treasurer—Charles Mulcahy.
Propaganda Committee—<J. C. Fin-
dley, H. V. Rogers, H. Noakes, to
act with the officers elected.
A special meeting of tbe Provincial
Executive Committee was held on
thc 18th. inst., for the purpose of
considering tho circumstances surrounding the Victoria Local. Present Comrades Pritchard, chairman ;
Morgan, Tx-ah, Stebbings, Parr and
the Secretary.
After discussion, the following motion was put and carried'.
That the Executive Committee instruct their secretary to inform the
secretary of Victoria Local, that the
Charter is revoked owing'to the fall-
uro of the Local to comply with the
Constitution in the matter of monthly reports and non-payment of dues.
W.  H.  FLOWERS.
Secretary.
SPECIAL MEETING.
The Provincial Executive Committee met on Jan. 21, 1906, for the
purpose of meeting a delegate from
Victoria.
After thc delegate stated his position; the following motions were
duly put and carried:
"That tho Secretary bo Instructed
to write to Comrade Harold Burnett, requesting him to take charge
of all effects of the late Victoria Local, as trustee for the Provincial Executive Committee.
"That the Secretary be instructed
to write to Mrs, Clayton, late Recording Secretary of Victoria Local,
asking her to forward minute books
to the Provincial Executive Committee.
W. II. FLOWERS,
Secretary.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
VANCOUVER«LOCAL. NO.  1.
The regular business meeting was
held on Monday, Jan. 22, Comrade
Pritchard in the chair. After the
adoption of the previous minutes andj
the admission of two new members,
Uie following warrants were authorized:
Rent of City Hall   $10.00
Janitor's    fee   and    rent  of
the   piano         2.00
Clarion,  for printing      13.00
To be    sent to    the Russian
workers      40.00
Supplies  % 85
o Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
We have two cases (lOO pounds) of Brevier Type, 8.point, almost new. cost 52
<fts t pound a year atfoi will sell at
25ets a lb.   Following is a sample of the Type.
Hartford, Conn., Jan. io—A certificate
of incorporation of the Oaxaca & Pacific
It ail way Com pany of Hartford, has been
filed with the •ecretary of state. The
authorized capital stuck of thc company
is 140,000000. These figures exceed
those of any other company which has
filed such a certificate with the secretary
si*
WRITE.   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Western Clarion,
Box 836. VANCOUVER. B. C.
Purchase of Literature   10.00
Salary of Secretary    17.60
Expenses — Customs,    Telegrams,    express,   postage, 1.1.1ft
Share in  O;   II.  Kerr A Co. 5.20
Total    $309 55
I/eaving a  balance of $.18.45.
Audited and certified correct,
(Signed) E. T. KINOSLEV,
N.  LAMBERT.
W.  McKENZlE.
Auditors.
DOMINION
EXECUTIVE
MITTEE.
COM-
Financlal   Statement   for   the   Year
Ending Dec. 31,  1905.
Receipts.
Sale of  Due  Stamps   $144.30
Charter     fees  and   Supplies      34.85
loan        16.00
!prials
Donation
Total
10.OO
$204.15
Expenditure*,
and     Print ing
Engraving	
Charter  „.,' ......
Printing of Constitutron<>,
Cards,  etc.	
Seal	
Postage,    Stationery,    etc..
Repayment of loan  	
Salary of  Secretary  	
$ 49.nn
80.00
40O
H.!»0
18.00
10.00
CHILLIWACK, B. C.
Dr. W. J. Curry, an active member of Chilliwack Local, 8. P. of C„
was in the City for the "Bloody gun-
day" commemoration meeting last
Sunday evening. He speaks cheerlng-
ly of the growth and progress of the
socialist movement In that district,
thinks the Party there will give Mr.
Munro a run'for his seat in the Legislature next election.
CLARESHOLM, ALBERTA.
By C. F. Lowrie.
CLARESHOLM, Alta., Jan. 6.-
* * Added six new members on
January 2nd, making 22 now. * *
We are badly in need of speakers. *
* The Clarion's sub.-hustler should
come through thc Crow's Nest up
this far. • • We are locating Socialists throughout Alberta in the
hope of furthering organization
work."
Total   $68.85
The Demonstration Committee reported that the contributions were
not all in.
The campaign Committee reported
a surplus (not all collected). The report of the Program Committee was
also received and they were instructed to charge 10 cents admission to
meetings hereafter, whenever outside
sn leakers are engaged. ^l
Comrades Parr   and    Norton wore \
added to the ways and means   com-.
mittee,  which committee is likely to J
inaugurate a social and dance in the
Mt. Pleasant district, in the near future.     Watch for further notices and
save your surplus energies for a good)
time.
The    financial    report showed   receipts for the two weeks ending Jan.
22nd, as follows:
Collected at City Hall meeting for l-enent of   Russian
workers   $38.40
Donated by a worker   in the
i-aune,  for Russian workers
Donated by Chilliwack Local
Donated by B. Goldberge ....
Donated by Mr. Adams 	
Donated by a Comrade 	
Total    $175.30
Leaving a balance of $28.85.
Audited and certified torrent.
(Signed)     E. T. KINU8LEY.
N. LAMBERT,
W.  McKEN/IE,
Auditors.
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE.
10.00
5.00
1.00
.50
.10
Total amount for Russian
works-rs, forwarded to Dom
inion     Executive    through
Donated to the general hund
to meet current expenses ijr
comrades whose names   ap-
l>ear on a list      10.00
Literature Hales        2.40
Dues account        2.78
VICTORIA, B. C.
Com. Harper, of Victoria, came
over on Sunday last to meet the B.
C. Executive, returning on Monday,
after having attended the "Bloody
Sunday" demonstration in the City
Hall. Com. Harper turned over the
booM, Charier, assets and liabilities
to the Executive, until such times
as the Committee pays the natalities
—some $70—and sends an organizer
over to give the comrades a fresh
start. Mean Mime, the Executive has
authorised Com. Burnett to store the
Party's assets,
Look*) as though the comrades had
got more interested In their "ibual-
ness" meetings than their, propaganda work. However, the Executive is
assured by many workers in Victoria, that no trouble whatever will be
experienced by the organizer in reestablishing a stronger Local than
ever before. Socialists may disagree
on minor point of tactics, but once
a Socislist always a Socialist. Positively    no •Ibackslldere'-' when    it
RED LODGE, ALBERTA.
Il.—S ■■■!■ «
By S.  W. Welrh.
RED LODGE, Alta., Dec. 2.— "The
Red Ijodge Socialist Political Club,
Just organized here, with nine members, requests me to ask for further
information relative to affiliation
with the S. P. of Canada. Wo are
all 'hayseeds,' but want to «ct into
ship-shape for coming events,"
WINNIPEG, MANITOBA.
Com. II. R. Siemon, In sending
along Winnipeg Loral's Dece.nber report, with an order for due stamps,
says very little public propaganda
work is being done at presint in the
Manitoba capital, but foresees a
change of tactics among the workers
at no distant date.
Total rceeipU for last two
weekr.   $81.15 ,
.After formally receiving tho flnan- j]
rial report,  the meeting adjourned
D. P. MILLS,  See
Vancouver, B.C., Jan. 23.— Pres
ent. Comrades leah. Chairman, Steb
bings, Pritchard, Flowers, Organiser
Kingsley and the Secretary.
Tho minutes of the previous meet-
Ins; were read and approved.
The sums of $85 from Vancouver,
and $5 from Chilliwack I .oral* wire
received to be forwarded to the International Socialist Bureau at
Brussels, Belgium to lie applied to
the Russian Revolutionary Fund.
Receipts.
B.C. Prov. Exe.,   Stamps, and
supplies,  (old account) ... $17.86
B.C. Prov. Exe., stamps      10.00
Total  $27.55
Adjournment.
J. O, MOROAN, Sec.
_ o————
The difference between  the capitalist who robs his victims by the thou-
this Ixical   $40.00 \ sands, from the cradle to thc grave.
and the footpad who holds up an oc-i
casional victim, is one of di-groe only
, with the exterminating circumstances
| most decidedly in the tatter's favor
I  °
Men's Winter Overcoats in plain
tin-, oxfords; coats which have wild
this season at $15; this week »• ".'•
Men's line Worsted and Tweed
Suits, -.in-rli- and double I rvastexi,
all wool cloths; regular $13.50 and
$15, for   $l'.50
Men's Cravc-nett-i Raincoats, full
lined, in neat dark greys and MeckM.
coats which are sold evwhwhere st
$12.00. Our price for this steak
only  $6.50
KLLROY, MORGAN 00., Ltd.
M
TVWVeTewVTVVTTWWW
j BURNS & CO.
%        HARDWARE arr.
| Second Hand Outerj
Cook    Stoves   ami   Tools   a
J   Specialty. [
We buy and sell all   kinds of  %
scrap  metal,     old    rr-achinery,
J  rubber,  sacks,  bottles, etc.
Stores—I.'IH Cordova St.. E..  $
hardware A junk.     101 Powell  %
St..  new and M<tt-nd-haad furniture.
tm
M •• X
—fl. f. WAUJUB'fl	
CASH GROCERY STORE
We also carry a full' Mat of rirat-
ture. oa easy paysnsats, at prices
that cannot be dupHcaUd. KUmttf
Inspect our stock.
Cwf Wt$*a*«**)*wf Aft bat
VANCOUVER. B. C
C. PETERS Z"?***
Hati-t-M*de Boot* (ad Stior* te order Is
•II style*.   Rtpalsbif pf-Mstt-Uy •■« -MM*
ly dooe.    Stuck of *t*i*le re*4-r-ssa*M
Shoe* •Iway* on naiad.
I4MI
Five Clarion sub. cards—(13.75. |
PROVINCIAL . EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE.
CLARION QUESTION BOX.
-i iai—.i... -.—.
Alex. Lang, S. F.—Your offer   ao-f Printing and space in The
cepted.    Send along the volume mw-f      -»-*--—   «•--.—
tionod.     We can uso it. ^^^
A; B., Hamilton, Ont.—Money re
ceived. Bundle will be continued.
Payment as you suggest will be satisfactory, Have no catalogue of
books mentioned.
Financial   Statement   for   tho   Year
Ending Dec. ,'tl,  1W5.
Receipts.    -'
Balance on hand, Jan.  1... $   1.40
Hale of due stamps      187.80
Contributions    to    Organising Fund  	
Sale of Supplies and Charter Fees 	
Miscellaneous, Sales of Literature, etc	
Duos, Members at Large ..
Donation 	
j Silly folk are in tho habit of de-
I nominating capital as the "handmaid of labor." In this they are In
s-rror, due perchance to capitalist
wind on the stomach. Capital is
the sand-bag used by the modern
footpad (capitalist) to swat the plunder out of his victim, (wage-slaves.)
The salve given the v ctim to soothe
his swatted feelings, and reduce tho
contusion arising from the swat so
that he snay SMttVientty recover to
be In trim for another swatting on
the following day, is termed wages.
This salve Is very potent and soothing so that but little In rettjiilreil to
effect tho purpose.
109.55
22.80
85.70
8.75
5.00
Total
Bxpejsvmturas.
$848.00
According to an Eastern paper, a
conifervntivo estimate of the num-
?>er of persons killed in Russia since
the first great strike in January,
1908, is 104,006. Of thia number.,
81,000 have been killed by "troop*
and mobs." while 28,000 troops
have) been killed by "rioters." Of
r our He, everyone know* the "rioters" were the citv mnraram nasi the
peasants struggling to break the brutal rule of the Autocrar.v - aod ac-
«julro some political rights for them'
selves. Considering that they fought)
with scant nnd Invmovlmwl wuat»>ns,
they are to to .t'ongratu!--,!«** onhav-
,lag removed 3*1,000 trained butchers
j from ine world's stock, of profession-
i-i-iis*   tiuu   nymsv   m   J.sew
Western  Clarion    $ 55.80
Purchaso  of  Stamps   from
Dom.   Ex.  Committee         54.00
Expenditures     re    Comrade
O'Brien's Tour      118.40
Deficit on Com. A. M. lew- , —-—;■»-. r~.FVW —~~—- »-—"—<"'
U- Tour          7.00\a\   cut-tjhroats   .and uniformed   ruf-
Rent of Rooms       38.00'nans. .   _.
LEE t MORGAN
Telephone 2291.
Sanitary Experts.   Plumbing In   all
Its branches.      Estimates furnished.
Repairs, stove connections, ste.
CHARGES  REASONABLE
••• VEITMIMTIN *U., CtrtWtf Mir.
BRIDSOrS BAKERY
rwwJws MM, Cswaf C#vt
TRY OUR BREAD,   CAKES,  BTO.
WAGE-LABOR
AMD CAPITAL
BY KARL MARX.
Single copies, 6 cents; •
copies, II cents; 11 copies, I•
cents; 40 copies, ft.ll; 100
copies and over, t cents per
copy.
These rates Include postage
to any part ot Canada at the
United Kingdom.
"Tha We$terB OlarioB" ;
ft MOO Mlt
■ ■\*MS&~akM*JX'. ■ M^.|tkWl(»r*>rflr**»wWiwWl^i'i.. ■
ZuX\\*m*~t?»«^\^*m\m

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