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The Western Clarion Aug 25, 1906

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ram «
•  « . . <*.
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, August 25, 1906.
Subscription Me*
Pea. Yba«
[Comrade John T. Mortimer Vigorously Replies to the Dtduth
Herald's Criticism off Revolutionists and Lame Apologies
for the Acts of Capitalist Henchmen and Tools.
In  the  Duluth   Herald  of  Monduy,
I i,,jv 80th, Appeared an editorial en-
Ititled "Dtbt, tht Incendiary,''  which
lied forth    a vigorous reply  from
I Comrade .l"hn  T.  Mortimer,   of  St.
IVincent, Minnesota.    John T's reply
moved   such   an   excellent   athnuUut
in  tin- editorial  bruin  that another
iirtiiii- *\>P*nrmi in a suliHixiucnt is-
ciitii l>'d,   "Thiiao   Accused   Min-
•    Tin-  two  editorials  and   Mur-
Itimer'n r-upliei thereto ure given  Ijc-
ll.iu    Bide by «lde tbey uftord un cx-
,.;i.-nl illustration of the nieniul uud
„,nil bankruptcy ol a decaying cup-
liMiiMii    upon   the     one     hand,  and
, irilit.v   und   fearlessness   of   tho   un-
uliiing  revolutionary   proletariat up-
,,n the other.
I uue,
In a si-eeeh at St. Ixiuis yesterday
h.i.iii' V. Debs, former proalderfltial
candidate on thi. Socialist ticket ani*f
,i leading     advocate     of   Socialism,
evidence of the distance he has
I r»o-lliil from sense and sanity.
Thr.-e officers of the miners' union
letiirl.'S Moyer, W. I). Haywood nnd
Ii'i-urgi- A. VcMibow. are in jail In
l/iieho. chargeil with the murder of
fun .--i-governur of that atate.
Deb*   advised   the   workingineii    to
li   .   -j-   the  accused   men   ut   ull   hu/-
liinS.  ny  bloodshed  if  necessary,  and
[-•rotniM-d to  l.-nd   an nriny   of   work-
inir  men  or  any   other  kind   of  men.
{Since   they   Is-lievc   the  accused   men
)-■ iniHK-ent. ii ls proper that lo-
t„,r.r*. should sympathize with   th.-ni
ill is lirotherly thnt  tbey  should raise
.i   fund   for   their   defense,   and   that
ihej   should leave  no  stone  unturned
:  give  them «  fair trial.
Bul   things  hnve   not   ree.-h.Hl   such
ii i.iiss in this country that arorklng-
Imen n.s*«l rise to break into jails and
lileliver   fr.iiii   the      lu.nils    of    justice
liien  iirriiMsl    of     crime.    Tin-*-  men
yx-  going  tO have a fair trial.    The
ihi   Is   vv.ii'hing   their   ruse   with
liuusiiitl   interest,     ond   th.-r.-   is    no
,re   .hnli.-i*   that    they   will    be   IttV
property convicted thnn ther.- is that
JMr Dtiba will be convictc.1 in their
jj.ln.es l( they are guilty, they
■ihould hang; if they are Innocent,
|ihi*j ahould and shnll be treed.
It will gain no sympnths. either
If->r the :n i-us.-.! men. for the cause
lei labor, or for Sociulisni, to preach
[such  incendiary doctrine as thc forc-
lible iiiier.ition of men eeraiting trial.
class, ns witness the Huymarket tragedy  in Chicago'/
Jt is useless to suy thut judges are
not vctiul. If there is ono fact in
connect ion with our glorious institutions better established than another in recent years it is thc utter
corruption and moral rottenness of
tnen m high public places. Judges
gel their nomination and appointment in precisely the same manner
as other politicians, ami you huve
hud occasion, in more than one instance, to point out the widespread
subservience of both legislatures and
executives to capitalistic interests.
In fact, the gentlemen who sits in
the presidential chair has seen fit to
hand down a rebuke to a judge for
favoring the beef trust. Hut perhaps
you do not favor violence, no matter*
whnt injimtice is perpetrated ; if so,
you had better denounce the founders of this republic ; you hnd lietter
cry down as "incendiaries" those citizens of Boston who got so wrathy
over a tux on their tea, or those
Northern capitalists who made war
on the southern institution of chul-
•el-sluvery, in order to advance their
mode of exploitation by means of
vvage-lul-or. But then, perhaps again
you are like numerous others of the
"Bourgeois" American press, you
cun bluster against the trusts for
squeezing out thc middle class by
railroad rebates, etc., but you cannot s«s- why the Workera should how!
even   when   their   trusted   lenders  ure
being railroaded
the name of th.
reason   than      that    they   have   been
itiithful  to their class.
Your own reputation for fairness
would improve if, before condemning
B man for "Inciting to violence."
.vou published nil the facts nf the
nis'. Perhaps your sense of justice
will allow vou to publish this
defense, and then, again, i>er-
tur-pa it will not, Yours sincerely,
.IlilIN"  T.  MOH'IIMKIt
!*<t     Yinceiit.   Minn.,   Aug    8.
jWknt fine Man Thinks of the Accused
Miners'  Inion Offlclala.
,Ti the Editor ot The Herald :
Iu  Monday's  issue,  under  thc cup-
,..n  nf  "Hobs  the  Incendiary,"  and
[having reference to the trial ofMoy-
•■r.   Haywood and  IVttlbone,  now  in
[jail charged  with  the  murder of ex-
ji!»vi<rnor Steunoiil»erg of ldnho, you
mildly   condemn     Hebe  becuuse    he
advised the  workingmen  to  release
the accused nt all hazards, by blood-
[shed,   if necessary "       You     do not,
I however, give Dobs'  reasons for advocating surh drastic  measures,  and
thereby allow your uninitiated readier*-  to  infer that   he  hnd   none,  and
ithat he was merely intimated with a
l.l'-sire to ■«,. tbe guilty go unpunish-
|ed I     In   spite   of   your   and   others'
|hland assurance that  "these   men are
(Olng lo have a  Uir trial," there is
I   widespread   opinion—justified      by
Ithe circumstances of their arrest and
mibeequent    legal     proceedings—that
""'.V  are to have  anv thing  but that.
Do  vou  know  that  these  men  were
lllegnify   arrested?       Do   you   know
lhat  ihey   were     kiduap|>ed   and  de-
ported from their homes In Colorado
by collusion of the Governors of Cols
orado  and  Idaho,  acting ut  thc behest   of the Mine    Owners'   Aseocla-
H"ii In violation of the rights guaranteed  every  citizen   under  the con-
, "dilution?    Do  you  know  that n ve-
i"nl judge,  Frank .1.  Hmilh of Culd-
»ill,   refused   these     men   imir.'. -hate I
'nnl  unless they  would  waive those
oglita?   Do you  know  that  the pro*
"-"ciitinn  boasted   ol  voluminous ovl-
'•''titv. und yet   refused to go on with
,h" triitl?    Do  you   know   that  Me-
•'iirliind.    tho    l'lnkerton    detective,
l"'iisti-d "that these men would never
leave iduho alive?"
tin you know that these men are Ui
•after at leaat a year's imprisonment
before being allowed an opportunity
'«> prove their Innocence? Do you
know that tho mine owners—who are
'"'hind the prosecution—persecuted
""-ie men in Colorado because they
'"'lured a Htriko to onforce a law en-
'•"ised by referendum nt tho polls,
"nd that the "machinery of justice"
s"called, was merely tho instrument
■°f oppression In tho hands of    tho
St. Vincent, Minn., Aug. 16, 1900
To thc Editor of the Herald :
Sir :—Barely does one sec a defence of Socialists or Socialism in
the daily press of the "Bourgeois."
On the other hand anything anti-
Socialist finds ready publication. In
the issue of your paper wherein my
defence of Debs appeared I found no
less than three anti-Socialist items.
The individual who chronicles the
market price of butter and eggs
could not forbear the lying insinuation thnt Socialism was destructive
of family life and that—by implication—Maxim Oosky was the only
prominent individual in America
who ever violated the conventional
family relationship. However in so
fur that you huve published anything at. all in favor of those So-
ciulist leaders Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibone, you have evinced a fairness not ut ull characteristic of your
trilie. The logic of your editoriul in
that issue will, however, hardly bear
examination. You concede the illegality of the arrest, the undue delay
of the trial, und by your silence you
also concede your inability to refute
the other allegations made by mens
to the subversion Of the "machinery'
of justice in the interests of the mine
owners and yet you still, usscnt that
they are to have a "fair trial before
a jury of their peers," and this is to
lie guaranteed by "the country being awake and looking on." By the
way who has awavoned the country
but these Socialists you disparage?
Moreover, what good will "looking
on" do if It does not crystullize into sufficient action to do justice
when law fulls? A "fair trial" haa
been and is still gotten when a memlier of tho capitalist class is charged
with an offence against another of
the same breed, but not in the case
of working-class leaders like Moyer
et al whose recognition of the inevitable class Struggle impels them to
to the gallows, in I organize the workers in a finish tight
law for no other with capitalism on the poli'ical
I suppose you never heard of u pacp-
ed jury'.' llow will the "peers" of
those tnen Is* cmpiinncllcd? Before a
Judge already—by his actions—proven subservi.-iit to the all-powerful
prosecution. No, sir. Despite whut
you suv the spectacle of an aroused
working class ready to apply "the
primal law of force" to the law and
Oiler of anarchists of Colorado and
d.iho will do more for justice* thnn
ih.- peaceful "onlooking" so corn-
riicmlcd by you. What may I nsv is
the  Import   of the phrase in the Aiu_
ericah    constitution    which provides
"that    the   right    of      the    people   tO
keep anil lieur arms shall not l-e in-
frioged? Does it not mean that in
ih.- liual analysis an armed populace
is    the    most,    efficient    protection
against the despotism of the ruling
class'' To secure the colonial bourgeois lilx-rty and treed om from the
ruling class of England this Republic
wns borne by force and violence and
at a later stage of its career wns
deluged in blood merely to transfer
the negro from the status of a chattel whose necessities hud to lw provided for to that of a commodity
Whose necessities are only provided
for when some capitalist sees an o(i-
portunily to make profit out of his
labor. This latter condition is the
portion of the majority of the "free
and Independent sovereigns'* of
"these Dnited States of America and
in this twentieth century" ns you so
aptly remark. I nm ready to prove
that' the misery and degradation imposed on the working class by the
present economic system is justification a thousand times for uny degree
of force necessary to secure relief.
Because Moyer and his associates
have dared to organize the miners to
use their franchise to inaugurate an
equitable mode of wealth distribution  is the real  reason  for this   in-
iiiiik. owners? Do you know that Eu-
B'-iii' V. Debs nnrrowly escaped Just
■"ii'h a capitalist conspiracy, somo
•"'"is ago, and that he knew from
•utter iNirsonnl experience Just what
"h<>\v n workera' loader has whon
bnuliKi before the tribunals ot cupt-
UI7 Do you know that men have
'"'"ti murdered under tho form of law
'"'fore this timo in this so-called free
""inti-y for    no    othor    crime thaa,|JJ°JJ
THOSE   \f< TSEIi  MIN'EltS.
Rleewhere in The Herald this evening is a eoinniuiiicut ion from a friend
ut St Vinci-lit. Minn., who takes us
to task for i oii.leiiiiiing the attitude
E V. IV'bs has assumed toward the
rase of ihe oilicers of the miners
.niton who nre accused of the murder of an ex-governor of Idaho.    Mr.
beb* advocated    an uprising of the
uorkinginen to release lhe accused
men from the •nils in which they are
now uwaiting trial, assuming that
the trial is to be u travesty on justice, and thut courts and laws ond
everything else are to lie debauched
to secure an  unfair  conviction.
There can lie no doubt that this
Impression prevails widely, particularly in Socialistic circles. Socialistic leaders all over the country
have taken the position from
ihe start thut these men are
innocent, and that the.v are 1-eing
railroaded to the gallows by a capitalistic conspiracy. They hove induced many to accept this view, nnd
thousands of honest worpingmen all
over the country have come to believe it   upon their say-so.
But there will be lots of time for
the revolution that is to release
these men from jail after the trial
hns tuken place. It is true that the
accused men wore kidnapped out of
Colorado nnd taken to Idaho without due process of law, nnd this The
Herald has condemned. Yet If the*,
men are guilty, they should lie punished, for the offense of which they
stand accused ,is one thnt cannot lie
tolerated In any civilized land. They
are charged with having caused the
destruction by dynamite of an ox-
governor of Idaho, for no other reason, apparently, than that he wns
the representative of law and govern.
Whether they are guilty or innocent It Is tor the courts to say. To
rlaliu thnt they will not have a fair
trial with the country looking on, is
absurd. To say that if they are unjustly convicted Ihey will never be
• ii-p-d is equally absurd. They have
oAXorneys employed in their behalf
thnt are as good as any In the land,
nnd while the trial hns been unduly
delayed, it hns been partly with the
consent of theso attorneys.
This is the twentieth century, and
the United States of America, and
while Justice is sometimes lame and
often corrupted by the influence ot
wealth nnd power, such things do
not hnp|ien half so often ns many-
people think. They cannot happen
when the people are awake and looking on, us they  are ln this case.
The Herald has cortnlnly never
given anybody the right to say that
it is unfair toward lnbor or biased
in favor of tho privileged clusses.
It is not three olliciuls of a labor un*.
ion that are to be tried in Idaho,
bul three men who will be given a
fair trial before n jury of their |*oers
who will he properly punished if convicted nnd duly liberated if acquitted. -
Talk of uprisings to release accused mon from jail by forco does not
work for lust ice, any more than the
corruption of courts by wealth does.
If the peoplo of these United States
1. ''..   ' . ..1.1...   .,*   .v.......
famous prosecution which is the culmination of the high-handed series of
outrages on the part of the mine
owners in Colorado and Idaho. If
our colonial fathers were justified
how much more the present Working
class? Then again, when you say
"the Socialists have assumed these
men to be innocent, und have induced
honest workingmen to believe it on
their say-so," you forget to remark
that this assumption was preceded
by a more widespread assumption of
the capitalists and their press that
ihey were guilty. Moreover, the
"Socialist Assumption" has not only
been justified by the conduct of the
prosi-cution, the clenn lives und record of these men but it is held by
the law of the country which "us-
sumes" the innocence of a man until
he is proven guilty. Again, "honest" or dishonest "workingmen"
have so far taken little on a Socialist's "say-so," ami the large number that have rallied in this instance
is some proof that the say-so
squares with the facta. That Steunenberg was "the representative of law
and government" I am well prepared to believe, but how did it work
out in Idaho when he was the dominant fee-tor there? Just the same
in the Coeur D'Alene's as later in
Colorado which found typical expression in Sherman Bell's utterance
"To hell with habeas corpus ! we'll
give them post tnortems!" There is
little reason to doubt but what
Steunenberg like tyrunts lackeys in
olher lands met his death at the
hands of some individual rendered
des[>erute by his experience of the
application of this beautiful principle. But that the high-minded officers of the Western Federation of
Miners conspired to that end is unworthy of credence. These men know
and have often taught that while the
ballot is in the hands of the working class they have the instrument
to secure lheir freedom. They have
taught that where a man will vote
ignorantly he will shoot ignorant ly.
and vice versa. It has been their
mission to educate the working class
to vote their own best interests.
The.v have had nothing to gain by
assassination. But unless the Capitalist class hold back their high hand
nnd give the political movement of
the workers a chance to develop
fairly and freely, on |ieaceful lines,
the revolution thut is to lie will be
marked with blood at every step and
ihnt in spite of thc wordy soothing-
syrup so plentifully bestowed from
bourgeois press and pulpit and further ;t is up to every man to whom
liberty is more than a name to see
in that event thut the blood of the
working class alone does not constitute   the  st renin.
You say that "no one hns the right
to say tbat you are unfair towards
labor or liiasi-d in favor of the privileged classes." To test this I challenge you to open your columns to
a debate on the following :
Resolved ! That the present dominant form of wealth production, i.e.,
cupitul and wage-labor, has for its
result  the robbery of lubor.
(a) That  it  is a slave system.
(b) That it tends to unemployment.
(c) Thut it tends to reduce the
standard of life and thc purchasing
power of the.wage.
(d) That it is destructive of family-
life, encourages prostitution, and is
largely responsible for the increase
in insanity, vice ond crime.
(e) That only through the conquest
of the political power by the working class and the transformation of
capitalist property into collective
property In the means of wealth production" can the laborer receive the
full of his lnlior and thereby cease the
class struggle and eliminate the degrading  features  of  our civilization.
Yours  sincerely,
Louisiana Legal Lights Cleverly Discover Means of Beating
the Avaricious WoHurgman at His Own Game.—Mew
Rule of Law Estaoushed That Looks Bad For Him.
Complaint is frequently made that
in considering cases wherein mcmlKirrt
of labor unions are parties, capitalist courts are oftimes prejudiced in
I'uvor of the interests of the masters
and against those of the workmen.
This may in some cases lie true, but
that there are exceptions to the rule
may lie seen from a decision rendered by the Supreme Court of Louisiana recently in the case of a workman who sued his employer for damages resulting from injuries received
while loading bales of cotton on a
vessel lying ut the dock. Tbe following summary of the ease and the decision of the court is taken from thc
"Central Ijaw Journal" of St. Louis
for May 18. The title of the case is
Parmer vs. Kearney.
"The facts in the principle case
show thut the defendant, Kearney,
was a stevedore employed to load
vessels, that in loading a certain
vessel, Mr. Kearney employed a certain foreman and told him the number of men to employ in his gang
and instructed him to load a certain
stock of cotton on the vessel. The
foreman employed the requisite number of men. The injury occurred by
reason of the negligence of the foreman and his men in failing to fasten two bales of cotton securely in
the sling attached to a derrick used
for raising nnd .lowering the cotton
into the hold of the ship, by reason
of which carelessness one of the bales
fell and struck plaintilT, severly injuring him. The negligence is charged in the petition as follows : "First
That the bales of cotton were not
well fastened and, secured in the sling
attached to suid derrick, and were
improperly and carelessly slung by
said defendant, his agents, servants,
anil employes operating said derricks
and its appurtenances at the time.
Second. That said derrick was operated in too great haste while lowering the cotton in the hold of the
ship. Third. That the derrick and
its appliances, on which the cotton
was hoisted and let down into the
hold of the vessel, were not in the
proper position, and should have
been stationed on the forward compart ment. instead of the aft compartment. Fourth. That two bales
of cotton, as is customary, were
hoisted by said derrick and lowered
into the hold nt one and the same
time. Thnt the bight of the sling
that took hold of the cotton and
lowered into the hold of thevessel wasj
entirely too long, and the bale of cotton which struck petitioner was loosened and fell out of the sling."
Spartacus Gets in a few Observations Relating to one Thing
and Another That are Called to His Attention by Events
as They Daily Occur in the Prairie City.
It is said that the citv fathers con- i what lives might hc lost so long as
template building a public swimming he saved u few dirty dollars and his
bath for men and bovs. Rumor [ own precious carcass wos not ondnn-
makes no mention of provision being [gored. The owner of these piles is
made for women nnd girls, lt is dlf- responsible for the lives lost on Snt-
lieult to understand the view point i in-day last, and if Justice were meted
of the city authorities. Why should | out ho would be indicted for mah-
not   onr  sisters  learn  to  svvini  i»  u i *■',« „*■... t. .... * ••"■'" * good stiff term
themselves,    neither of these
HSnYon SSutlfT the" Writing I thing, will come about In this case.
safe place and enjoy the cool water
as well os ourselves? Is it because
their vote in municipal afTnirs is so
small ns to be negligible? Were the
victims of boating accidents acquainted with the rudiments of swimming they could keep themselves
afloat until help arrived, nnd it is
just ns Important for women ..nil
girls to be able to do this ns nvn
nnd boys. This ignoring of women
is a relic of by-gone bnrtmi'iim of
which even capitalism *ho lid be
ashamed were shomo possible o such
a  shameless system.
The river bed fairly bristles with
piles for nt least, two miles below
River park. These aro at present
covered with water, nnd it was ono
of these that caused last Saturdays
futalitv. In former years the boom
chained to the piles showed their
whereabouts but this WOi romoved ly
tl.e owner, evidently with lho Intention of converting same into tollers
and cents. Apparuntly the piles
would have cost more to tnke out of
too rivet- bed than they nre worth so
the owner left them there, carln-i not
whoso boats might bo destroyed nor
of imprisonment, but the owner is
wealthy nml justice will not lie meted out*. It is ever thus under cupit-
iilism.   Money is superior to Justice.
'■Onlooker" steps into the ring in
the last issue of the Voice with a remedy for over-crowding—Single Tax.
Ho says that if taxes were taken on
improvements and placed on the laud
only ithe land to bo assessed at its
full* selling value), "it will make
land easier to get to use, harder to
hold idle, encourage building, give
employment to more people and raiso
wages'." It is true that access to
land may be had more easily under
his system but when the land hus
been rented the workingman cannot
build without money and who will
Iond the full valuo of a house and
take the house only ns security? No
one will do it now nnd no one will
do it then. At the present time scene
parlies of the ^rout reserve army of I any choice
capitalism, tho unemployed, have in | vvinchman,
Britain seined some vacant lots with
tho avowed intention of raising fooil
for themselves on same. Even if left
in undisturbed possession (they have
(Continued on Page Three.)
"The defendant entered the unusual defense to the petition in this
case that the pluintifl belonged to a
labor union which dictated the selection of the foreman and of the
personnel of the gang working under
the foreman, and that such being the
case he should not be held liable for
any injuries resulting from the negligence either of the foreman or the
fellow servants of the pluintiff. The
brief of defendant's attorneys. Miller,
Dufour & Dufour of New Orleans
contains a full review of the evidence
offered on this very interesting point.
The learned attorneys for the defendant, say : "It is evident that the
commerce of the port of New Orleans'
is handled by two associations—the
Longshoremen's Benevolent Association, which handles cotton up to thc
time that the sling is attached to
the hoist, and the Screwrtien's Association, which handles it from tbat
time until it reaches the hold of the
ship. These two associations control absolutely tho commerce of the
port, forming together what is
known as the Dock and Cotton
Council,' and enforcing thc rules of
this council by boycott or strike.
The Screw-men's Association refuses
to take cotton from anybody but
nieiulvers of the Longshoremen's Association, and the Longshoremen's
Association refuses to deliver tho
cotton to anybody but members ol
the Screw-men's Association. The
stevedore does not. and is not allowed to come in contact with thc
individual. He cannot employ the
individual, but must employ an entire gang, which is made up of members of this association among thorn-
selves, and to which they designate
one of themselves ns foreman. These
screwnien are supreme nboard ship.
They handle the cotton from tho
moment the sling is attached to the
hoist. One of the rights which they
demand is that one of the gang
must ojierate the winch. The stevedore is not allowed any choice in
the mutter, nnd on the day of the
accident the screwnien and the members of the gang in which plaintifl
worked, designated "Tony" one of
their gang, to operate the winch.
Every witness in this case, including
tho plaintiff himself, hns testified
thnt the stevedore is not allowed
in the selection of the
and if, on the lay in
question, the defendant had put tbe
most expert machinist to •> H-tuto
this winch, all of the screwnien
would have left tho work and would
til one of their number had been reinstated at the winch."
"The court, in holding the defense
offered by the defendant, to be a sufficient answer to plaintiff's petition,
says :    "When  a  |*erson  contracting
for   work   which     he  engaged  to do
needs  a number of workmen to perform the same,  thc individual wort •
men   employed   rely   upon   the   contractor's having and exercising proper  knowledge,   skill,   and ^iruden■■ >.
They  rely, also,  upon his exorcising
himself  (or through some one whom
he selects to represent him) due care,
knowledge  and  prudence  in  superintending the workmen aa they work ;
that  he  will  see that they  perform
their   work  properly.    The  workmen
may,  however, elect  in any particular case, as between themselves and
the contractor,  to relieve the latter
from  these    duties  nnd obligations,
and the responsibility resulting from
their   noniierformance,     by  selecting
agencies  of  their     own     choice,   to
which they look for their own proper!
protection, and which they substitute;
for that purpose for the contractor.
The responsibility of the contractor
rests upon freedom of action in the
selection of,the workmen and in bis
suj-erintendence over them.   When ttu»
individual   workmen,   instead   of  allowing  matters  to  take their usual
shape and course,  make it a condition   of  their contract  to  accepting
service thnt he (the contractor) will
yield in their favor his right of freedom   of action  as   to  selection  and
superintendence,    they   absolve    him
from     responsibility     which     would
otherwise be thrown  upon him and
look  to   thut  of  their  own  selected
agencies.    When     the  workmen  delegate  to n.  labor organization which
the.v  have joined   (and  to others  in
privity with their own organization)
the  right  of    selection and superintendence,   they     agree to accept the
membership of their fellow workmen
in  those  organizations,  and  the  actions of    those      associations,   ipso
facto, as a good and sufficient guaranty   to   them  for     their individual
safety and protection, so far as tbe
contractor     is     concerned.     H they
deem membership    in such organizations   as     conferring     benefits  upon
them, they cannot accept the benefits
and repudinte the resulting legal disadvantages."
It is now up to some trades union
brother to point out wherein the decision is not only sound law, but
backed up by irrefutable logic and
common sense. The fact of the matter is that it is a stem-winder because of its logic, and It is by no
means unreasonable to presume that
it will be accepted as a new rule of
law to be followed by other employers when occasion warrants and the
facts can lie made to in any manner
fit  thc case.
Undoubtedly Samuel G. is striking
terror to the hearts of aspiring
office seekers by asking them embarrassing questions as to their intentions towards organized labor. If he
would be kind enough to refrain from
such cruel, bulldozing tactics just
long enough to tell us how organized labor is to esca]>e the consequences of such an eminently sound decision it would go far towards allaying
the terror that even now pursueth
us like a demon. The law being
sound the master is relieved of all
liability because he was denied tho
right of selecting his slaves and thus
exercising his judgment as to their
competence. He did not hire them.
They forced themselves upon him.
He is, therefore, not liable for their
wages. In fact, it looks as though
an action for trespass could be made
to lie against these infernal screw-
men and longshoremen, including the
one who had his back nearly broken
by the bule of cotton falling on him.
Employers of labor should look more
carefully after their rights in these
matters, ami noi, lie imposed upon
by a lot of unscrupulous and greedy
The decision in question is a sound
one. Orent is the law! Great are
its interpreters, but greater still the
asiuinity of the "working plugs,"
who, though eternally "getting it in
the neck," haven't sense enough to
know whnt hits them.
The proletariat modelled its organizations for defence upon the pattern
of those of the guild journeymen—
the union ; so, likewise, did it fashion its original o/fenslve weapons,
whenever it faced Cnpital in organized bodies, after those of the journeymen—the boycott and the strike.
For reasons peculiar to the historic
days when the guild journeymen waged thoir bottles against their masters, their weapons remained tho
sume until thoir class became extinct. The modern proletariat, however, cannot abide by thoso
original and primitive weapons. The
more completely tho several portions
of which it ia composed merge Into a
single working class, tho more must
its«-hnttleB assume  a political  char-
I   f:
urtcr.     All class struggle is a poli-
huve declined to return to work un- | ticul struggle.—Kautsky. *"wv     --     --1 «s.i.ri..is in
;~_j _-- -   l^«aMM__-_M,MM»_n_t___^_e-ia»»-'--^^^^-'~ ,  I
. BATUIUlAV, km\m mo,
Uu Western Clarion
Published every Saturday In tka
intereata of the working class nlone
at tka Office of tke Western Clarion,
Flack Block bewement, 185 Hastings
Street, Vancouver, B. O.
Strictly la Advance.
Yearly subscrlptloa carda ln lota
•>f five or more, 75 cents each.
Advertialng rates on application.
tt yen receive this paper, It Is paid
Addraaa all communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch this labs* oa your paper.  If thla numbsT is on lt,
your subacrlptlora expires the
aext Issue.
SATURDAY.  AUGUST 25.  1906.
The net earnings of tbe United
States Steel Corporation for the
last quarter amounted to approximately 145,000,000. Thc number of
employees is 160,000. A little figuring will show that the company received a clear revenue of $290, for
each employee in its service for this
period of three months. This would
be at the rate of $1160 per year.
This revenue represents what was
left in the hands of the company out
of the sale of the output of thexjfuar-
ter year, after the wages of the men
had been paid, as well as such other
expense of operation as may have
been incurred.
It is well to remember that all of
the values brought forth bv the operation of its plant, were created by
the employees and not by the Steel
Corporation. The capitalists who
constitute the corporation contributed nothing to the production of these*
values. It is safe to say that the
great majority of them never even
saw any part of the plant during the
period in question. Probably the
most of them never have seen and
never will see any part of it. It is
not necessary that they should as
their services are in no manner necessary to the operation of the business. Were tbey to come around the
works they would only prove a nuisance and an obstruction in the way
of the workmen, and, therefore, a
hindrance to the effective operation
of the plant. But in spite of their
utter uselcssnesB in the matter of
producing these values they have
been able during the time mentioned
to draw down $45,000,000. It is
safe to say that this is in excess of
the sum received by the workmen for
their services during the same period.
It is of the utmost importance
that every working man should know
how and why values to the prodigious amount of 45 million could be
gathered by ail absolutely useless
bunch of individuals while an army
of useful persons who created this
value were unable to retain it for
The wtlge-workor wherever he may
lie or at whatever industry he may
be employed is not paid for what ho
does. He is merely paid the price of
his labor-power as a commodity in
the market. The employer being tho
purchaser of this labor-power owns
the product that results from its expenditure in producing wealth. That
the cost of labor-power in the market ami the value of the product it
brings lorth are two entirely different sums is amply demonstrated by
the fact that the Steel Corporation
had in its possession at the end -of
the quarter $45,000,000 after having
paid the entire cost of its labor-
power and other expenses for that
period. This vast sum represents
what the workers did during three
months and for which they received
no compensation whatever. Granting that the entire balance of the
Corporation's gross revenue was paid
out for wages the 45 million or
$290 |>er employee, represents what
the slaves of the iron and steel mills
did for absolutely nothing. It went
into the coffers of a bunch of useless
individuals called capitalists, not
because of their uselcssness, but because the government of the United
States declared them to be the owners of the resources of the earth and
tools of production upon which 160,-
000 useful persons riept-nded for the
privilege of expending their lubor-
power for tho purpose of feeding,
clothing und sheltering themselves
and their families. Under such circumstances of ownership the workers
could not provide for thoir necessities except b.v surrendering their life
force to these  owners and  receiving
in return merely the market pricl» of
that life force as a commodity. In
plain language they were compelled
to submit to a robbery of $290 each
during a  period  of three months.
"To the owner of the means of production belongs the product of
labor " the onlv power that can assert ownership and successfully defend the owner in his possession 18
the State. So long ns the State is
the instrument of a ruling class us
nt present, it will enforce the systrtn
of property agreeable to that class
The exploitation of labor at the
hands of capital must of necessity
ontinue so long ns the ownership of
the means of production is not vest-
d in the working class itself. To
take from the hands of the present
ruling class its power to rule and
rob, is the mission of the uprising
revolutionary movement of labor. To
(T.-ct this it is merely necessnry to
obtain control of the State and use
its power to transform the Halted
States Steel Corporation and similur
concerns from capitalist property ns
nt present, into the common property of the people as a whole. Such
a transformation or transfer of prop
erty need not of necessity interfere
with the carrying on of production
for a single moment. The transfer
of title to vast capitalist properties
even now frequently occurs, but production does not. stop. The workers
are undisturbed in their tasks, the
wheels revolve and products come
forth unaffected by the transfer. One
thing thut will occur, when the
workers have sei7.ed control of the
state and transferred the ownership
of the means of production from the
capitalist class to the workers commonwealth, is the stream of wealth
which now pours into the coffers of
the useless capitalists will lie turned
into the pockets of the workers as a
welcome addition to the stipend the.v
have been uccustomed to receive as
wnges. Had such a transfer taken
place prior to the last quarter year
the iron and steel workers would
have realized a revenue equivalent to
$290 each over and above the
amount they did  receive us wages.
Every report made by capitalist
concerns showing the amounts of
their profits affords an object lesson
to every working man who has eyes
with which to see and ears to hear.
Every time these concerns publish a
report of their profits the.v simply
herald to the world the extent of
the robbery they have boon able to
perpetrate upon the wage-slaves
whom fate has brought within .reach
of their infernal skin game.
Let the workers profit by these lessons, and having become wise, exercise their political rights by capturing the reins of government, und by
public enactment dispossess the capitalists of their present privilege of
owning and controlling the means of
production upon which all men must
depend for a living except robbers,
confidence men and  sneak  thieves.
With the highly developed industries under democratic ownership
and control, the exploitation of labor ends. The wage-slave is no
more. The owner of small means of
production will be absolutely secure
in their possession so long as he prefers to remain as an individual producer. The product of his labor will
be his own. When the present huge
combination of capital in manufacturing and transportation have been
converted into the common property
of a democratic community, for the
first time since civilization was born
the working mun will be free. Free
to provide needful things for himself
und those dependent upon him, by
his own labor, without tribute to
chattel slave master, feudal lord or
tinterl'ifietli slahvuH. utid undofiled ill
the world-wide movement of tho
wage-slaves to break their chains.
Its constitutional enemy is the Socialist Tarty of the United States, a
conglomeration of "freaks," of "fakirs. " of "jsriifters," of "crooks," of
"bogus Socialists," in iuct an "ash-
barreil" especially created by Divine
Providence to receive such human
"garbai-e and refuse" as might
otherwise encumbe-r the path-
be trod, und poison the ut-
l* to be breathed by lhe only
to.lian  of  the   ivvolu-
To die is thc destiny of all living
things, unless it be such as were
iiom dead to sturt with. Of course
apology is due for tho rank contradiction in the preceding statement,
an apology that is freely offered in
view of the fact that there are numerous specimens of thc genius Homo
running around loose, who, should
the.v chance to meet a joke face to
face, would tie more than apt to
take it seriously and grow humpbacked lugging it around as thc very
quintissence of dead, bard, cold and
melancholy fart, more especially if it
were one of those subtle jokes like
tho above, that steals upon its victim unawares, and. if his humorous
hide is not too thick, overwhelms
him with u flood-tide of Joy like unto that experienced by a certain person whom we do not care to betray
to the police, when he learns that it
hus iH-en clearly demonstrated that
the scythe blade of a Russian pea*
sont will reach through two Cossacks at once.
To die is. apparently, not a particularly noteworthy achievement. To
die gracefully is, however, un urcolii-
pllf-hr. ■••■ -.ho doubt meritorious from
an artistic standpoint. To lie able
to die both gracefully and humorously is an attainment seldom reached and murks that which is capable
of so-doing as ono of tho most marvellous creations that over came
forth from the womb of timo.
With Chesterfield ian grace and tho
humor of an Artemus Ward, the Socialist Labor Pgrty of Colorado,
however, did the trick, Everybody
knows the S. L. P. The name has
Icing been a synonym for all that is
genuine, cleor-cut,  ' uncompromising,
gar to
way   to
simon-pure   cul	
tionary    lightning      of    the working
To  make a   long     story  short
"nxh-tuinvl"   became  even   fuller
Simon puce even  purer.     At   last
Soeiu   .ft   Party     nominated
I).  Hay wood,    the Imprisons
tary   of   the   Western   Federation   of
Miners for liovernur oi Colorado.
Haywood was • trusted member ot
an industrial organisation
which the St..P. men we
ihey did not see their vvuy clear to
repudiate his candidature or
to give him their support
to the articles of their own party,
as well as the code of procedure
which the.v had already established,
they could not endorse his cundiducv'
without being guilty of "treason
the working class" l*ecausc
Haywood was not a member of the
Simon-pure, and only "-genuine. He
was a member and the nominee of
the "bogus Socialist," or "ash-barrel" outfit, Under the circumstances
the S. L, P. of Colorado, which had
long been considered a standing joke,
even by those not given to levity,
decided to get out of the dUejxana by
humorously und gracefully dying,
thereby affirming the joke. This
graceful and humorous demise was
announced to William D. Haywood
in the Acta county Jail, Boise, Idaho,
in tin; following words tuken from a
communication penned by the corpse,
while standing on its bead, much to
the amusement of the bystanders :
"We have decided to call upon
every member of the Socialist Labor
Party of Colorado to withdraw from
our party until after the election,
that vve may give you our undivided
support and do it without violuting
our party constitution and thus dein
onstrate to lhe World that working
class solidarity as taught by the Socialist Labor Party is something
more than an eniptv dream un.l dearer  to us than  11   party  name."
While the corpse penned those lines,
"the grave nnd siern decorum uf the
countenance it bore," doubtless ilue
to its inverted position, was excruciatingly humorous.
That a single person may under
certain circumstances be termed a
party, coupled with the fuel thut
hut one perso's name, thut of ths
state secretary, appears in the published account of this demise, may
lead invidious persons to infer that
the "^e" in the above post mortem
statement was used in the editorial
sense. This should be frowned down
as there is a possibility that the
party consisted of mora than one
person. In fact there may have lieen
two or three, or even as many as
half a dozen. Ucsfiect for the dead
should prompt every fuir minded
mun to give the defunct the benefit
Of all doubt in the matter, especially in view of the fact that, the demise was such a serio-comic masterpiece.
The words, "until after the election" in ihe obituary notice indicate u belief in ressurection and evidently have some reference to
Gabriel and his fog-horn.
borers always available lb lhe market will keep the price of this uim-
modity well down to the cost of Its
production, sb that the workeSs will
got but sufficient, upon the iivoraga,
to keep them in condition to work.
All of the surplus value .0 ruing
from their labors will remain in the
hands of ihe owners of the plant uud
property, us u reward for their abstinence from work, and their thrift
and industry in devising wuys and
meuns of getting rich in spite of such
The phenomenon "discovered" by
Murdock in the Klondike cun be likewise discovered right here iu Uritish
Columbia or any otbwr part ol the
civilized vvor.d for that mutter, lt
is just the ordinary every-.I.iy j-to-
ivss of capitalist development. It is
Just the ordinary every-day process
of capitalist development. It is in
line with progress. There is nothing
about it that need cuuse undue
alarm When the economic pressure
becomes sufficiently great to loprtpel
the wage-slave to realize its import
he will muke a few discoveries on hi*,
own account, that will transform
capitalist property in the means of
wealth production with its furious
exploitation of wage-slaves, into the
collective property of the workers,
with production carried on by free
men working together in their own
industries producing wealth for the
common good. The alarm caused in
the Klondike among the small fry
gold producers, etc.. is us nothing to
that which will lie "caused among the
t.'uggenheims uiul their trilie when
the wage-slave gets to discovering
things. ______
Something new in the way of
effect of the investment of cupital in
the West has been discovered by Mr.
IL H. Murdock, of this city, who
was in Montreal last week. In an interview with thc Montreul Star, Mr.
Murdock says :
"It is a very curious thing, but one
effect of the (Juggenheims* presence in
the Klondike has lieen a purtial paralysis of private effort. There seems
to be a strangely oppressive power
about so large an eenterprise which
weuvens the courage and diminishes
the strength of the smaller concerns
in its neighborhood. The advent of
this big establishment, with its muny
squure miles of territory, its si.xty
miles of ditch line, forty miles of
power line, and its big power stu-
tion in the hills, instead of proving
11 stimulant to enterprise and activity, has hnd a directly opposite, influence, und hns discouraged many."
Mr. Murdock has made a startling
discovery indeed. It is u wonder how
he ever happened to notice that
small capital is put out of business
by lurge capital. Of course every
Socialist is entirely familiar with
Ihis fuct, but Socialists ure not supposed to muke discoveries being considered merely us gas-bags anyhow.
The Guggenheim outfit, which is
merely a "Standard Oil" concern, is
certainly creating consternation
among the small fry in the Klondike. They ure bringing system and
order out of the present petty,
wasteful and chaotic method of gold
production. By purchasing immense
tracts of gold-bearing territory and
putting in gigantic nnd ii|»-to-dnte
appliances for working it, a much
larger output can ve secured with no
greater expenditure of labor. This
meuns the elimination of thut which
is merely Wasted labor under the individual   method   of  mining.
Whet is being accomplished in this
cuse has boon und is still being
worked out in other industries. Individual production based upon private ownership of the means of production, is being supplanted by Socinl production. Private property in
tbe means of production is being
transformed Into cupital, and the individual producer into a proletarian,
Needless to say the product accruing from tho operation of the Guggenheim properties in .tho Klondike
will belong exclusively to those who
hold stock in the concern. The labor-power of the numlier of workers
required to operate the plant will be
purchased in the open market just
like "potted ham" or any other commodity.   Tho plentiful  supply of ln-
When sending matter in for publication WjVite on one side of the paper only.
If you have business with the Provincial Secretary, address him |ier-
soually. We have enough to do to
attend  to our own  business.
In notifying us of change of address, give old address as well as
the new one and don't forget to
sign your name. Of course we know
every subscriber personally but there
are u few whom we have not known
long enough to be uble to rccognizo
th.-tn  by   their  handwriting.
Wanted:—Men for the police force
life job. Apply to the Czar. St. Pet
ersburg,  Russia.
In Russia the hand tool still cuts
no considerable figure in agriculture.
Only lust week the peasants of one
of the interior provinces neatly harvested an excellent crop of Cossacks
with their scythes.
The Pulujunes—wild tribesmen of
the Philippine island of LeytO— iir>» to
be exteriiiinat.il even if il tt kes
OVerj American soldier in the islands'
to do it. "lienevol.-nt assassination
is not  yet  a forgotten art.
One by one the time-honored rights
of citizenship nre being tuken nwuy
from the people of the Cnitiil
States. A white man was recently
sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment
in North Cnrolinn for lynching negroes.
The day has lieen set for the roco|>-
tlon of William .1. Bryan in Chicago
upon his return from his triumphant
tour of the world. Some how this
event culls to mind thut old adage
about ah inferior coin of small denomination.
Seventeen ice dealers and sixty ice
companies in Boston were recently
indicted for having conspired to advance the price of their commodity.
The Western Clarion printery sincerely holies the local typos will take
warning in time to avoid similar
Thc Vancouver World hns recovered from tho nttnek of epilepsy into
which it was thrown by Hawthornthwaite's last visit to the city. The
best it can do now in this line is
to dish out a job-lot of second-hand
fits picked up from the Victoria
Times and other obscure sheets.
"It is said that Ralph Smith, M.
P., is nftor the position left by W.
T. R. Preston, as Canadian emigrant
commissioner in Ixindon. — Exchange. Those who ure familiar
with tho signs in the political sky
out here in British Columbia '-an
readily understand that it is hi-fh
time he was locating some soft place
10 light.
Nine Winnipeg plumbers were recently summoned to appear in court
to answer to the charge of besetting
it wus alleged that they had been
watching the Canudiun Pacific railway station It seems rtneer thut
free citizens of Canada could not admire the architecture Of B railway depot without being hauled in to court
us criminals.
A bill was passed by tho last t\.n-
gress of the United StiiteS «nd signed   by   tho  President,   making  every
common carrier engaged In trade or
ronimcrce  within  the  jurisdiction  of
I'nclo Sam liable to any of its employees, or ih case of death, to their
heirs, for   ull   damages, which   muy
result  from uny neprl'gu. c ui its employees   or  defects   In   its   machinery
and   appliances        If.   however,    the
injured or killed employee shull have
boon  guilty      of   contributory   negligence the amount ot damages recoverable shall  Ire shaved  oft according
to the degree of  negligence.    A careful  reading Ol  tho law discloses  the
fact   that   it   merely     secure*,  to   the
employee.  Ot,  Ut event  ol his deoth,
his heirs tho right of recovering .'milages  if  they cun beat  the employers
out in the courts.
The "-Kuilwuy Conductor" the (begun
of tho 0. R  0., is highly dated our
the  superlative  merlin  of  this  1. ic-
lous  MU.    In   its jubilation   it  si>*.
"It is confidently believed thnt  this
law  will  revolutionize the leg.i'  -1 «.
tune  of  master  and  serva-it  In  federal cases "   Just what leutherli.-.id-
ed   chump   is     afflicted   with   such  a
confident   battel   remains  a   mystery.
One   thing     is   certain.    The   master
will still  be master and  the servant
will   rcnuitu     servant.      The  former
will still control    the    means upon
which the latter depend-, for a living
and   will   consequently   have   him   at
his mercy.
What is 11 servant but a slave, un.v
how?    lt   makes   him   no. Ie»*   of    a
slave   lo   cull   hnn  an   employee   und
grunt him uaruilsaloa to recover
damages for a broken buck if be cun.
The "Conductor" sees in this law
a ■'concet.sion towards a policy
which should he enacted into taw,
ami be carried out In good faith by
lhe courts, whereby the expense ol
lost lives and limbs of employee*, bv
accident should be borne by alt carriers us un incident of their businens,
'-pile as property as the necessary repair ami replacement of rolling
stcx-k. |»-.inuiu*nt way. and the Md*
c-utury uppliuiices for currying 011
business."    Stilt  it   Would  resent   the
Implication that the cmployeaa of a
railway company were virtually iho
company's property. If they are not
we would in all candor like to know
why the company should be culled
upon t» repair them in case lhey Ive-
cuiue the worse for wear, or accident. Though the editor of the
"Conductor" uses much of his apeus
in fulminating ugaiunt Socialism, by
setting up "straw men*' und daftly1
knocking them into smithereens by
well directed blows upon the solar
plexus, 110 Mo. in I ist could have more
completely classified        eJlipliMo»
among the     "necessary    appliance*."
for currying on tlie employers'   business.     This   mny   -H-rtuip*   Im.   consul
er.d as a graceful a. know ii-.lgm.ii'  of
the   pro|ierty   rights   of   the   mil why
companies in     thc uniformed,  bra an
buttoned,   ticket     punching   brigade
This   brigade   is  a   |«irt   of   then.*..-*.
sury     apparatus'   nnd       no   ure    tlie
"spotters"  who camp on its trail.
In dilating upon tho decision referred to the same journal wiys 1 "it
is absolutely necessary to lhe **er-
petuation of our institution* that
our people should have buth in the
integrity of our Judiciary." This is
mabifestly  true As    "our  institu
tions'' are capitalist institutions,
based upon the enslavement of labor
and its exploitation under the wnge
process, it is "absolutely necessary
that the slaves do not got on to
what a ridiculous farce the judiciary
und its mummeries ie.
The law is the edict of the master
cluss. Its purpose is to hold the enslaved in aubmission to their conquerors. It In the purpose of the
judiciary' to interpret the law in
such a mumble and jumble of windy
phrases as to lead the slaves to believe that it is some mysterious creation designed f.,r their special benefit. Thus is reverence for the law
and "faith in the integrity of our
judiciary" maintained, and "our"
glorious institution of wage-slavery
This precious enactment referred to
is only another chapter in the long
drawn out furce Of government b-
law. Behind that and all other laws
stands the armed powers of government to enforce the dictum of the
ruling class. In the lust una l.v sis
thnt is all there ever was, is. or can
be to government. It is purely a
question of power, and not one of
pieces of paper covered with hieroglyphics. The sooner working class
reverence for such horse-pluy is do-
stroyed the sooner will labor emerge
from its long night of sluvery und
stund forth free,
gay. livery labor Union In lln .„<,„,„, ^*
"uuTd lo plan ■ card uod-rr tin. 1,« 1 ," '«
month    •serttstlas ateest m,ic "•'■• ua
Phoenix     Mlnera'   Union,   no.   1
W.  V.  M.     Meets    every  Sutiirdij
evening at 7.30 o'clock u>  Miners'
hall.     V. Ingram, pies-id.nl
Plckard, serrotarv.
One ef the features of the coming
'trades and Labor Congress to be
held in Victoria on September 17
vv|ll be the foundation of a political
IMrogrumme for organized labor of
the Dominion. It is quite appropriate that this should Ihi done in British Columbia. The atmosphere of the
province is particularly conducive to
vigorous and healthy politicul labor
growth. The economic soil however,
will stand for but one sort of plant
and that already has Its growth well
established. If the Congress is wise
it  will fall in line.
It is very gratifying to noto tho
moral clean-up in corporation management thut is resulting from the
recent exposures of business practices and methods. It is to be hoped
it will lie carried out to such perfect
completion that even nn nngel might
henceforth engage in the delightful
occupation of swiping the products of lnbor and profitably disposing of tho same without losing
caste  among thu  hen von l.v  throng.
J, Edward Bird,    A. 0. BrydonJai,
Geo.  E. McCrossun.
'   '"'  ■■■'■■» ■
Tel. 839. P.O. Box, 932.
824 Hastings 8t. . . Vancouver. |»a
Socialist brim;
ftr Every Ijocal of the SWlMl,*
Party of Canada should run a and
under this head, fl 00 per month
8ecretariee please note.
Itilllsh Columbia I'rovlii. 1,0 r,n-,,i||,e
Committee. Mucin 11st  |-,n-, .,f,all.
ada.    Me. ts wvi-t-,' alternate *Tt_f.
day.    I). G.  McKenzie. Secretin
Hox 836, Vancouver,  li   1
IKimlnloii Kvi-. iitlv.- C'oininliici, *»„
clalist I'arty of Canada. jj»<,
every alternate Tue-saay. j a,
Morgan. ■eoraUtry, ill Btrnan)
Hired. Vancouver. '    ('.
l/ur-al VuiH-ouver. No. I, s. |>. of lu*
a.la. HuxliiriiS mectlngl -,,rj
Monday evening at headenurten,
Ingleside Uiick. in Cambie Street
(room 1. aseond Door) K<iac»*
tionai tiici-tin*-. every Hui.;.) v. -
p. m Ir, Sui'iv in Hall Oeoteei
Htreet. Frederic Perry, fteerettrjr,
Box KM, Vancouver. II. C
l/ma! Toronto, h. I". of r—Meets sto>
on.l nnd fourth Ttteadays, bTooWW
Headquarters, mm ij!j..-r> street
Went, sf. Dale. iMretarj ll ll»nrjr
8tre#t. JewUh Hraii. i; meets even
Sun,I.iv  night, -...ii..   ha;!
Local Winnipeg, S. P. of C,  meeti
every firM and third S      ■ <i thr
Voice office building.    l\ \ Ku'icrt
ave.    it    10 jo a   ai      J I   v e,
Secretary,     jjjfi    Print- -:   •-,
Winnipeg, Man.
I -taUWii .1   IN'M
The Ohh-Ml  l.ulmr
I'-sper in i .in-i.l...
>» a feari-***. ejtpoaent ia
lhe cause of labor
K<ir one dollar the •mp.-r will
!»• mttti to any ii.'-lrex* foi •■'■■'
Workingmen of all countrtea
will  soon     recognise    the f.'i
that   tlmy     muat     »ui»J>"tt  ar.4
rend  their labor papere
Tlie Vnlori l*iibli-diiuc Co., I id .
Winnipeg,    Man.
Published Weekly try the
WtiUre raitratiea SI Milan
A  Vigorous Advocate of Lahore
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year f 1.00.       Bla Months, ftfe
Denver. Colorado.
25 copies or over to one a<-'
dress at the rate of out hzll
cent per copy, No order
taken for a pcriotl of less
than three mouths.
Drop tho past. Let the dead stay
dead. IjuhI yeur cannot be resurrected. Wrongs of buried ages cannot be
righted. The living owe no duty to
thc dead. The present alone ia our
care. What is best now is what wo
are to do. We do not feel the fire
which -burned the martyrs of old.
Terrible crimes wore committed In
the past, but the.v do not provent us
from doing noble deeds In tho pros
ent. The cry of suffering which we
hear is sharper thnn whnt we read
about. Drop tho pnst and live in tbe
present —The Truth  Seeker.
.. - aolldt the tnuriDeM of Manufacturers,
nipnecra and ethers who reeliae the -.dvl-uMt.
{•y of having their Patent bn-in.ss transacted
t>y Kiptrt*  rrelimloaiyadvice free.  Chargee
5 yearly sub. cards for $H **(-
Bundle* of 35 or more coplce   to
one address,  for a period of    tlire*
months or mora at the rate of  oa*
cent per copy.
Patronise our advertisers.
60   YKARS'
lon.sirlol rmmsnanlhl. HAnOB(*U« ■ ■
mnl trim. Olitaal agaunr tot pWrIPtP»••"Jf,,
I'stente taken lliMuih Muim A <•"• •*"'
I-MCM nmttt. wllboul enarte. In tha
Scientific JUncrican
A handsomely llltMtratad weeklr.
eolation of any " 	
fi fonr
.reel -■."■■
'aSeiitiaa lonruii|:   ''''r",'",'„'-/
tba, 11. matsttAv*"'-   •
■^«ero^"K»7Aevi^v..„,,5   mi*&rfF*\*ll HmuYfirk
rrm'Mt. Ma.lon A Marion, New York UU li <lg.       MIINN At CO >•!■•••*»•»• NfiW I U,k
Montreal; aud Washington, D.C, V.&A.      *"       ^KSJL oaYsTk* 9 *U Waafti"'"'' '* l ■•--■-    '■'' ■*■■
m wreman emkmt, vtstntnrm  mm** tOMMa.
^nm^®®®®^^99®999®®®®®®®9®9®®®®®\'^ «<-<*  quohtlona aa agitated thu
{rWV- ■• »] y-je^ai,  ttnd tbe  Tories,   but  stood
coluronf huve been  placed at
„,nal of the Party.  Hecretartea
Is arc  requested  to    luke ad-
.,. ,,» them in. at  Intervals,  rc-
"t i,K condltlone in their respective
''   .jLjj    I'onimuiilcatlons under thla
should  he addressed to the  Dunn or Provincial Secretaries.   Lo-
'.(■r.-turles are further requested to
k' l0 theee columns  for  announce-
m, finm the Baec-utlve CommHtee*.
this meana the business   of   the
Irlv will ho facilitated and tho Do-
nlun and Provincial secretaries
leved of a llttlal of the increasing
rr.il Of correspondence.
lay in »
flowing are
nt pou paid
ices       '|ti *t«
.._ -O	
n order to afford    comrades    an
access  to  standard   works    on
iliim, t'ie committee has decided
stick <>f literature.     The
<.ii  hand  and  will    bc
t.i    any    address    at
Two-cent   stamps
1 be accepted for sums not exceed-
2t, cent*
Origin nf the  Fiimil.v,   (F.
;ngel«'        ■••
S il     ltevolution  i Kurl
|Ut*k.V I    '.	
.  World*  HevolutlonM  (Krn-
,i   | mi rmnnn)   	
. H n laliste.    who    they ure
n<l   what     they     stand   for,
• ihu  SpargoJ    .*  $
, ,.,,,11111011 of Man tBolsche)
dem     Hoi-ialism    (t'hns. H
Itcculiii business inciting August
30th, Comrade Oarvte in the chair.
Minutes of previous meet ing road
und approved. Warrants were ordered drawn fur the following amounts:
Sullivan  Hull   *3.50
Hue stamps   8.00
dunning liciidi-uurU-rs  50
Literary  agent  4,16
Programme committee's report re-
cutved uud committee Instructed to
secure the (Irani! Theatre for Comrade Kingsley'a uaoetlng August "iiith
j,u ml Comrade Williams meeting Sop-
tember Stad. Comrade Pettipiece wuh
appointed chiiiriniiii for Sunday's
Collection Sunday's meeting ...$*i..J*»
Literature aahM f"r weak ....
In    Americi
-i riigi;l.-s ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
M   Simons)   10
( ni munis t     Manifesto,
!   Marx    10 cents
ism,   Utopian   and   Seine, Marx  &  En»cls.. .io cents
ace   Labor   and   Capital,
Ur! Marx     5 cents
I   ','-,.-i.in  of   thc  Working  Class
Vail     05
: m and Farmers, A. M.
gni 5 cents
er works procured to order.
drrM the Literature
Vancouver, B. C.
Agent, Hox
rr«» st:< iiktakii-'s op locals
Mitiitiuiis.    i«-r donna
mber-ship rardn.  each  ...
!nation blanks
mi) per 100 ...
(with plat*
r, oo
Total  fl 1.78
The report   was  receivod  and  the
mooting lutjoumed.
Vancouver Local.
w, ItcParlane
It. Fowler 	
(!.   Anderson,
Frederick  Perry,  Secretary.
fo* tho social and industrial reconstruction of the country ; stood for
lifting labor und lifting thc* life of
the people from that low plane of
animal and physical struggle lliey
had so long occupied, and for
put.t.iiig them on thu higher ground
of justice, of reason, and of common
sense.  (Applause.)
rnls   nnl   yet    having   nominated
■ ot convention should do so at
•Monthly     rejKirtii should    I mi
■ 1   In  regularly.
he  committee being  a  *tockhold-
|'n     the    co-operative    publishing
\st of Chai.  Kerr & Co. can pro
literature for the locals .it cost.
.ampaign  fund   receipt  books    arc
ready and will be furnished    to
- at io cents each.
will be seen good use hns been
ide of the money* subscribed so far
the organising funds.    Further or-
y ■■■■■',K tours are under contemplation
funds are available. Further sub-
H'tlan*  sre  therefore   urgently  so-
\bsi as, with tbe great Interest thnt
it present being manifested In So-
iHajn, no better lime could be found
rr '[reading     the propaganda     and
UiMing up the organisation.
IT Lr* following sums have been re-
pverj to date:
Isnee on band 123 SO
Wade, Port Harvey    5.00
Nelson, B. C, Aug   15. 1W00.
H. u. McKenzie, Esq., l'rov. Secretary, Vancouver, li. C;
Dear Sir :—I nm enclosing the application for it Charter in thc S. P.
of Canada, with signatures uttucht-d.'
Also express order for *S.90 to cover
Ives tor charter and dues Ior this
month, I trust that you will find
everything satisfactory, and that we
iimv rceive charter soon so us wc
cun get down to business. We lielicve
we have a .'.right future ahead of us
uud intend to push mutters here.
I'om rude lliivvihornthvvaite's trip?
through here hns done much good
und  we ho|ie to  reap  the harvest.
We ure thinking thut the suggestion of placing n man in the held a
good one, and , after looking the
ground over me are convinc.il that
bj   u   strung     united   effort   vve   can
elect him
We would like to have the convention held in Kelson (or various reasons The Locals here in this district may not be able to semi delegates very fur, it rid Nelson being the
irc-ogranhlca] centra for the si..cun,
l.iinii-mi, Boundary, Crow's Noal und
Vmir districts, we think that ull
Locals would Is* able to lie represent <*d. The people here nnd from
surrounding places would Ih* given
possibly, the beat opportunity of
hearing good tpawlrrm upon the economic (piestion of the day. We luck
s|«'okers   in   the     interior.     I   think
you win  recognise thut   fact.  Comrade Hawthornthwalto'a trip through
here   is   bearing  fruit.
Hoping to receive our charter soon
I remain,
Yours  sincerely,
The more fully thc capitalist system develops, thc more large, .production crowds out inferior forms of
production or causes them to change
Hn-ir character, all the more Important becomes the strength'-ning of factory und kindred laws, and their extension not only to nil the brunches
of lnrge industries, but ulso lo those
of .small production and even of ug-
riculture. But in ihe same measure
us the importance of these luws
grows, there grows also the Influence
of ihe large capitalists in modern society. Those property owners who
ure not capitalists—landlords, smull
muiiufucl liters, small shop-kcei-ers,
etc.—become infected with capitalist
modes of thought ; und thc thinkers
and statesmen of capitalist rale, mho
Formerly arena its luminaries, soon
Mink to the level of gougers" nnd
"'bruisers" of their class, ready to cbj
its dirty work uud to oppose tooth
and   nail   everything   thut   threatens
its Immediate interests.
The devastation of its own working people by capitaliat production
is so shocking thut only the most
sham.'less und greedy capitalists dura
lo refuse a certain degree of statutory protection to labor. Hut for
some Important labor law. the
eight-hour day, for instance, which
is today equivalent to the ten-hour
day of forty years ago in l-'nglund,
and which would do something more
than afford some slight relief, there
will be found but very few supporters among the class of the property*
holders. Capitalist philanthropy becomes ever more bashful ; it leaves
more and more to the workers themselves the conduct of the struggle for/
their protection. Thc modern universal struggle for thc eight-hour day
hears a very different aspect from
the struggle thot was earned on in
Kngland fifty years ago for thc ten-
hour day ; the property-holding politicians who advocate it arc not
moved by philanthropy, but because
they .ire pushed to it by their working-class constituents. The struggle
ior labor legislation is becoming
more nnd more a class struggle between proletarians und capitalists.
On the continent ol Europe and in
the United States, when- the struggle for labor laws commenced much
Inter thun in England, it bore this
character from the sturt. The proletariat bus nothing more to hope
from the property-holding classes in
us endeavors to uplift Itaelf. It "now
di'pcii'ls wholly upon its own efforts
—From the Class Struggle by Kurl
men pay the taxes. If tbe demand
for houses is greater than the supply
the landlord gets his taxes and insurance paid and a good fat percentage besides, but if the demand falls
below the supply rent, will fall even
though faxes rise. Though rents fall
tuxes must, be paid and if rent falls
.-U that after taxes and insurance
have been paid the percentage on
capital Invested is below the normal, the. landlord may just as fairly
claim that he is paying a proportion
of the taxes as can the tenant. Hot"-
ever, rent, whether il covers taffes
or not. is part of the necessary cost
of living, and must be paid out in
wages by the employer who is thus
robbed by the landlord of a chunk of
surplus value. The worker does not
get. it in anv case, or at leasl, only
long enough to hund it on.
* * •
There is hope for "Onlooker," for
he says that Single Tax is a step
thnt is not everything, and he is
i ighl. Most, of our Single Tux friends
Claim It lis lhe panacea making Socialism unnecessary. "t!.lt." who
w riles on the same subject in the
same issue makes many good points
and. if noi already a member should
join the Socialist I'arty of Canada
and push forward the cause he advocates The movement practically
stands still in Winnipeg for want of
men—men  who can s|ieuk and  spread
the light.
.  •   »
The writer has lieen taken to tusk
for defending Lottery's, Claim. He
is told thut it is really obscene und
should not be allowed to circulate.
In the writer's experience obscenity
generally dwells in the mind of the
reader und not in the passage rend,
but, however that may be, for every
passage 'ti Lowery's Claim thai mav
Is* called obscene there arc at least.
six in the Bible. H has been decided
by a Britiah judge that certain passages of the Bible, if ffnoted in a publication will stamp that publication
as obscene. Yet the Bible circulates
freely. Then there nre the works of
Entile Zola also circulating freely.
Ijowcry- claims honesty of purpose
and his claim holds good until it is
proved false. It Is a precedent exceedingly ominous for the working
class, this attack on the freedom of
the  press  and  should  be fought.
Some who started early are now selling ten
2 copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
® a copy.    Send to   us for circulars and  wholesale
••■j prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
f. 'U
irwarfl nil contributions to
I a i \| | X |{ IN*   s 150 RET A R Y.
1 nc following amounts received up
■ .Lite:
n . muidy acknowledged  |102.00
r  I. H   Hawthornthwaite...    26.75
•I'lroiiver Local (SO per cent,
uf collection      84.06
II. Burrough        3.M)
Total    |164.80
' •cpenditurcr*—
Mrortliin'   mattpr nnd post*
nr-'-    $ 8.50
ribeoVi    landing  organizing
trip        5.00
'''■in    Hawthornthwaite,   Vnn-
r"iiv*cr     Island     organizing
tour   35.00
TaUl   pxpendltnroB     $38.50
""'am-e on hand  $115.80
(Jt liis been decided by the Provincial
pecutiva to build up a central fund
10 he used in generally assisting in the
tominjr campaign and more especially
[or tlie purpose of printing and distri-
l>utinK rampnign literature.
, All comrades wishing to collect
fnr 'his fund should at once apply
,n the provincial secretary for » rc-
ceipt book. No effort should bc
■Pared in building up this fund. ,
The following amounts received up
10 (la,c: . .„
"ovtourii acknowledged  $ 7-W
'' T. nod. *    >-g
*■ A. node     a*52
T. p  60
■ ci,;r{on'»ub«'..7.'";;.""^  ao°
Total  $14.50
■'"i-ward all contribution*- t"
Tin-    fat]owing    extract    from a
-.pcrli delivered by Geo. ttimies, M.
P., ut n demonstration held at the
Zoological Gardens, Bristol, Kuk-
lund. recently, hns been clipped from
the "Ixibor Leader." it has the
right   ring:
Mr   tleo.  Barnes, M I*., who was received   with     great     cheering,   after
dealing   at    sonic   length   vv ith ■ Trade
Unionism and Co-operation, launched
forth into o splendid Socialist proclamation. He was in favor of labor
representation Itecnuse he wanted the
lines of political demarcation made
to   harmonise     and   correspond   with
the actual facta of life. He contended that instead of the people benefiting from modern inventions and
progress, the Struggle of life had
only been Intensified. They were
sometimes -charged with being lacking in the sense of patriotism, that
the.v were lacking in love for their
own     count r.v     bocaUSO     they     mnde
common cuuse with tbe working people   of   Other   countries    (Applause.)
Hut   what   were the facts?   Who owned  the country  In  which  they   lived :
Was  il   those  whose  industry  uiul  labor  h:nl  enriched   the  country?    No:
some 7,000 he believed, out  of a population  of  48  millions  owned no less
than half of the  bind of this country
between   them ;   and   then,   forsooth,
the   workers   were     told   they   were
lai king   in   n   sense     of     patriotism.
They   wero   asked   to   maintain   thcSC
great   navies    nnd    armies    whereby
they could fight, if need be,   the people of Franco and (.he people of tier-
many.    He   rebelled   against   such   u
condition of things.   (Laughter.)   He
was  a   rebel,  and    dared  to  prdtcst
against  ii    mean    civilization which
sacrificed Individual life to what was
sometimes    called     national  wenlth.
There wns  no national  wealth,    and
there could be no national wealth except   thnl     poiio-     and     health   and
sweet Content    which    had been the
dream  <>f  poets und  prophets  in all
timrs,   nnd   under  all   climes.    There
could  be no mil ionul  wealth so long
as  they   had-us  they  had  today—«
great   mass   of  people  down   nt   the
bottom,  squeezed nnd exploited, and
robbed  every  day  of  their  lives,  by
thoso who owned  tho means of  life,
amongst   them.    (Applause.)   It   was
for  thnt  reason  he  was there to de-
claro  himself  a  Socialist.    A   labor
Rtdllns-ham, Wash.. Aug, 19, l!»i»<;. j
Kditor Western Clarion :-rThe So- i
i-iulists of Whatcom county. Wash.,
have nominated a full county ticket
from senator down to wreckmoster
on a plutfnrin short us possible. To
the worker the product of his lubor.
We passed resolutions condomnlng
the Mayer, Haywood, Pettibone, St.
.lohn Icidnadping and we Instructed
the secretary rd luteal Belllngbam to
send « copy to Governor Gooding
McDonald and  .Judge Smith.
Father O'Grady gave a lecture here
in lhe Ilellingham theatre lhe flight
of the Kith, to u large audience in
spite of the warning that vve are informed tha two priests gave their
congragatlons not to listen to him.
He gave one "f the l>est lectures
ever given in Bellingham. I suppose
the owner of the Herald took tho
priests' tip as thero was no mention
of the lecture. But in a little squib
of un editorial he sn>s it is encouraging to find that Socialism is not
SO dangerous as it is commonly supposed to lie. The grafters that nre
in power here huvo finally put "The
.lungle" in tho two, libraries, although it has boon banished from
many  libraries in  the oust.
For the
Having been authorized by
the publ'shers of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at the
regular rate $1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fall to get
their papers. In some instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's name |
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually in type and the malting list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity in the
performance of their duties, even If
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid j
Its repetition in the future.
Tbe publication of periodicals of
every description is a specially with
Tbe "Clarion." Telepli.me or write
for estimate*. Kvery facility for such
work, and prompt ness and satisfaction
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
by buying thig
reliable, hc-nest,
high grade i
ing i
National Sewing Machine Co-
  I »itc*n»VATitffl.vB>raiaHX.
Five Clar'lOIl SUb. cards—$3.75. j Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
Party would be no fi"''"
unless that
Labor Party stood for, not political
bickering,   not    religious  difficulties,
(Continued from Pace One.)
probably been evicted before this) thc
land is useless to them without
tools. Some of their number have
been on begging expeditions, begging
for garden tools ami wed, "Onlooker'' or anyone else would beg a long
time in Winnipeg or anywhere else
before   he   would     got   lumber   for a
The   readier   access   to   land   would
doubtless encourage building by those
in   possession   of  siiilicient   wealth  or
credit to build, and for u short time
might, in this  wny. give employment
to Home who would  otherwise be unemployed, but   how an increase in the
number of houses, or access to land
which   would   be  useless   without,  the
means of building, could raise wages
passes comprehension.   Supposing the
population to remain stationary, Ani
increased  supply      of    houses  would
mean  lower rents owing  to the competition   among   the   owners   to   rent
their   houses.    With   lower   rents  the
cost of living is lower and wages ure
bound to fail in proportion, because
an  unemployed mun could thon tuko
a   job   nt   lower   wages   than   before,
thus  forcing the  job-holder  to coino
down  to  the sump  level ;   tho uiioni-
ployod  ure  always   with   us.    If  thc
workers,  on the average,  owned  the
houses they  live in, wages would full
by   the  nmount   of  rent   saved.    Only
n   few     of    tho    worvors  own    their
hordes  and  as   wages  are  regulated,
In  the lust   analysis,  by  tho cost  of
living, which includes rent, these 'own-ally gnin thc  rent saved.   This lust
tact   is   so   apparent   that   superficial
Hunkers jump to the conclusion that
if   all   were  enabled      to   own   their
homes all would guin the rent saved
—u grave fallacy.
» . .
"Onlooker" also saya thnt insurance and taxes fall on the renter.and
are paid in the form of rent. Many
consider this a proof that working--
j    Victoria   Advertisers     |
o o
Colonial Bakery
a.:  Johnson St.,  Victoria. B.C.
Delivered  to say part of tat dty.
Prlver  lo  call.     'Phone 849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 35
cents cheaper than our competitors.
-FCS*-.   .A.   CHAWOE
71 BiverarscRt Street, Victoria, I. C.
! ! TKI.KI'HOSK B779
I; HaMfaciirtr ol
• > .       CIGARS
i I N» 8 Cislrt St.
I | V10TOK1A, B.l\
what the Party Is doing on the Pncltle
Coast  of the"  United  States,
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party and By the
Socialist Party."
Ten »wks, ten rents; one year, 50 ctu.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FL'U HAT see to It
that the Genuine Union Label ls sewed In It. If
a retailer has loo.se labels In his possession and
offers to put one ln a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels In retail storel are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label Is perforated on four
edges, exactly the sain-- as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOITT'IT, President, Orange, N. J.
MARTIN LAW LO It, Secretary, 11 Waverijr Pknotr-
New York.
| CT1 WBWWW CLAMMI.   ▼A«W^   —™«   COMWiilei
--,/  -
«ATUHPATj AOOlTtT ar ie*s
■ m
.,5  '■
t   . fe*rt
s .'Ejs
s-*   9
cletvy. Probably no man la London
Is better qualified to speak of this
matter than is Mr. Sanders. For
many years ho has been officially In
touch with the neglected children of
London, and this has brought him
into an acquaintance with deserted
wives mow numerous than the overage Londoner would cure to oe-
Edited by R. P. PBTTIPIEOK, to whom all oorrespondence for this department should be addressed.
The mission of a trades union, ns
such, is to make the best possible
collective bargain for the sale of thc
labor power of its members. And,
as far as possible, to regulate hours,
wages,  etc.
It Is not an emancipating movement ; but founded within the limits
of the wage-systom.
Like organized capitalists it is a
class movement, for the benefit of
those within its confines.
Organized capitalists have been in
politics—for themselves. Naturally
enough they have written the law to
suit their particular reqdirements.
In doing this, however, an open conflict with the governed has arisen.
So plain hns this class rule been
made to the workers thut even the
meek and docile subjects arc querying as to what it all means. Ho
flagrabt hus become the use of Courts
Church and State, to keep thc workers in subjection, that, they are beginning to see the necessity"' of a new
line of action.
The lesson is plain.
The workers themselves must write
the law.
This necessitates political action,
and the adoption of the program of
the International Revolutionary Socialist Party.
This is a movement outside the
four walls of capitalism and the
wage-system ; and is rightly so—not
a matter for trades unions to deal
But the trades unions of every city
have, or should have, a Trades and
Labor Council.
The function of such a body is essentially legislative.
It should keep out of squabbles, in
the labor market as much as possible, and devote its energies to matters legislative. In other words, it
must go into politics.
But the delegates from the various
unions, when determining their political allegiance, or framing their
political policy, should weigh their
decision carefully. Ijet them make
sure that their political program is
a reflection of working-class interests. f^^_
Recent developments in many cities
throughout Canada are indicative ot
good judgment on the part of the
rank and file.
"Liberal-Labor" decoys have been
relegated to oblivion forever. The
turn-down given McNiven, M.P.P., a
couple of weeks ago in Victoria, is
probably the last on the list. The
job will be completed at the next
provincial election.
Only last week another striking instance of an awakening among the
rank and file was afforded in Mon
treal. Alphonse Verville, a "Conser-
vative-Ijabor" false-alarm M. P., was
defeated as a delegate from the Montreal Trades and Ijabor Council to
the Dominion Trades Congress, which
meets in Victoria a few weeks hence.
And this in face of the fact that Mr.
Verville is president of the Congress.
It was very nearly as cruel a blow
to betrayers of labor as that administered to Balph Smith a few years
Coming nearer home ; local events
have taught the workers of Vancouver that they must go into politics
for themselves.
So far so good.
But what kind of politics ?
The rank nnd file, say Socialist politics.
This news having reached the ears
of local old party politicians some
lively side-stepping is in progress.
Political aspirants of both the
capitalist parties concede that some
drastic measures must be taken to
head off the united support by the
workers of Vancouver of the Socialist party's five candidates—all from
the ranks of labor, and armed with
the knowledge necessary to serve
the interests of the proletariat.
Some new frame-up has been found
necessary for next election, in order
to take tbe workers Into the capitalist camp.
It is just possible an "independent" party will be sprung on the
gullible producees of wealth.
But of this more anon.
iThe rank and file are doing a little
sinking on their   own   account   of
And, in reckoning with so-called
"labor leaders," In the legislative
boilics of what is termed organized
labor, old party political bosses
should spend their money with caution.
No longer can any man within the
ranks of labor "deliver the goods."
The political jobbery of the past in
Vancouver must cease.
It's about time trafficing in work-
ingmen's votes was put a stop to,
and thc traitors who profit by the
dirty transaction given an opportunity to earn a decent living.
The Socialist Party in Vancouver
intends to nominate und if possible
elect, five candidates in the next provincial election.
For this reason, If for no other,
the workers' campaign will tie a clean
one, nnd nil their business conducted
in thc open—fair and above board.
Any attempt on thc part of paid
traitors in the camp of organized labor to play the rank and file into
the meshes of the enemy will be
court-roartialled by publicity, and
made to face tbe music, whatever the
Socinlist Party Candidate Defeated
Lust Election by Only Nino Votes
But it Looks Like a Walkaway
for Next Trip — Thc Workors
And now Persia is to have a Representative Assembly elected* by the
priests, merchants and land owners.
the Shah himself to be President.
The common herd may now be assur-
od of being well looked after.
•may ,!ie of Interest to your renders,
and an incentive to the Socialists of
other localities to be up and doing
to make a start tn the good work of
propagating the doctrine of Socialism, increasing tho membership of
tho Party, and, as a natural sequence, seating in our halls of legislation a larger delegation of Socialists—men who ure ever true to and
watchful over the interests of the
producing masses. Men who in all
the annals of parliamentary conflict
havo alone espoused and championed
the cause of the working man, and
the advancement of working-class interests is their only object in occupying or in seeking to gain benches
in the parliament houses, unhampered by any misconception as to Identity of interests of Capital and Labor
They hnve devoted their entire energy to securing the enactment of
measured calculated to better in some
degree, the conditions under which
the working man must toil without
losing sight of thc fact, nor permitting him to lose sight of it either,
that in the exercise of his political
power for the purpose of overthrowing government (which Labricola
terms "a means of fixing, defending,
and perpetuating inequalities") is
there any hope of effecting his industrial emancipation.
On June 14th six or seven workers
holding these views organized Boundary Falls Local 29, S. P. of C. and
in about a month the membership
stood at 32 or 33 dues paying members, with a likelihood of a greater
increase in the near future.
We mnde arrangements to secure a
date in Boundury Falls, for Comrade
Hawthornthwaite, but the Miners'
1'nion forestalled us. However we
cooperated with them cheerfully and
succeeded in securing the use of
Ryan's Hall from Mr. P. Ryan, who
was kind enough to donate it ns an
expression     of    his     admiration  for
Comrade Jim.
By hustling we secured the services
of two very able speakers for our
propaganda meetings. Comrades
Moore and Caulfield of Oreenwood
who were kind enough to not only
donate their services but each
stood the expense of his trip. Com.
Caulfield joined the Local while hero
but as the Greenwood Local has
since been organized I fear we will
be forced to resign ourselves to the
loss of a very valuable member.
We have no orators or spellbinders
among us yet when the necessity
arose, no outside speakers being
available, the membership rose to the
occasion and succeeded in explaining
the subjects on which they undertook
to speak.
If there were an election tomorrow-
it is safe to wager that of the 105
or 100 votes here a Socialist candidate would poll at least 100. But
thc members of Local 29 are not
content with knowing that the votes
are safe ; they are determined that
every worker here shall know WHY
ho SHOULD vote the Socialist ticket ; and to this end they talk with
their fellow workers during working
hours, in thc boarding houses and in
fact whenever opportunity offers.
Boundary Falls is one place where
Socialism is being propogated twenty-four hours a day and—there are
Literature is being purchased and
sent, on its mission of conversion ;
Socialist papers and pamphlets *,ure
being distributed effectively and we
have tho pleasure of seeing the workers awake from their stupor and take
an interest in our doings. "What is
the subject for Friday night?'' or,
"Who is going to speak at your
next meeting?" is a common question now. We have arranged a series of debutes for Friday evenings in
the schoolhouse and succeed in filling
it to such an extent that many sit
on the floor and tho ante rooms
have been crowded. We havo comrades who sing, comrades who dance
and a number of musicians, and a
number who aro not yet comrades
assist to make these affairs attractive. I am aware that the value of
those Socialist debating clubs is a
much mooted question but in isolated places like Boundary Falls whore
any form of entertainment breaks the
monotony of every day life, they
catch the crowd and bring them
within our reach. I am emphatically
of the opinion that they have enabled us to interest people who from
religious and other prejudices we
could not hnve approached otherwise. Tho subjects are always questions of interest to the working
Arouse, ye Slaves I The reveille of
labor  has  sounded ;   the  workers  of
Boundury  Falls have heard the call
and taken their places on the "firing
line," that extends from British Columbia to New Brunswick.
It   grows,    it   grows ;  are   we   the
The feeble band, the few?
Or what are these with eyes aflame,
And hands to dcpl and do?
This Is the host that the word.
No mentor, High or Low.
The red flag of Labor is unfurled;
from  all   nations the  workers rally
**m   ^^^^
beneath its folds, tho proletariat of
tho world combine for a concerted
attack on tho citadel of capitalism.
Workers of Canada enroll yourselves.
Be with the colors and when tho
fight is over, havo the satisfaction
of knowing that you did your part
in securing for yourselves the right
to life, liberty and the pursuit of
happiness. Fall in ! Right dress !
Comrade l». Burgess, secretury-
trcttsuror of the Socialist Party of
Washington, with headquarters at
Titcoma. has consented to contribute to "News and Views" from British Columbia's neighbor stute. The
comrade concludes : "I am glad to
hear that you arc making progress
under the Inion Jack, for wo lire
often told that there is no room for
the 'long-haired tribe' in It. (.'. Yours
in the Social Revolution."
New Vice-President and Secretary
Elected—Protest Against Inadequate Telephone und Ambulance
Service.—Opposed to Asiatic Labor Importations—Preparations
For I,abor Day.
At the last regular meeting of tho
Vancouver Trades &. Ijabor Council,
A. G. Perry,,of thu Street Railway-
men's Union was elected Secretary,
vice S. J. Gothard.
Bro. McOraw, of the Carpenters
Union, was elected Vice-President,
vice A. G.  Perry, resigned.
A  delegation  consisting of Messrs.
McVety.    McKenzie,    McConnell and
Pettipiece were    named to  wait  on
the  City  Council     with  reference  to
the unsatisfactory ambulance service
in connection   wilh  the General   Hospital,   und   also   lhe   miserable   telephone service,   both  endangering  tho
lives of workingmen,  the only useful
class in society.
R.   P.   Pettipiece    and    R.    Hums,
i with the  secretary,  were appointed ii
i Press Committee     for    the ensuing
The following resolution from the
Victoria Trades and Ijabor Council
was unanimously endorsed by the local Council  lust  night :
Victoria, U. ('., Aug. lith, 1900.
To the Workingmen of British Columbia :
Fellow Citizens :—The undersigned
is instructed to bring to your notici
the following resolution, which wus
unanimously passed by this Council
ut an adjourned meeting on the 25th
of  July   last :
"Resolved ! That this Council place-
on record an craphutic protest
against the proposed introduction in**
to this province of Hindoo laborers,
and calls en the workingmen of
British Columbia to assist by every
means in their power in preventing
this further attempt to flood the
country with cheap Asiatic labor."
Trusting you will give this mutter your careful consideration, 1 re-
inuin,  sincerely   yours,
The Barbers' Union delegates reported that they were gaining
ground every day, and the prediction was made thut a Settlement of
the slrikr.' might be expected in the
near  future.
The Lubor Duy Committee reported splendid progress, and a good
programme und a big turnout is anticipated.
The Trades Council Is now clear
of debt und owns its own hall. The
interest manifested by a large representation of nearly all the unions in
the city indicul.es a dcteriniiiution
on thu part of the rank and Illu to
look more curcfully ufter their interests   in  thu  future.
President Jus. II. McVety also authorised the following notice to Ihi
printed  in the loeul press :
"Owing to the trouble the Trades
and Labor Council hud lust year before Labor Dny by labor journals
soliciting advertisements for their
papers, the Council wishes to announce thut it owns no paper, und
advertisements given to any labor
paper are given for the sole benefit
of thut paper, and that the Trades
and Labor Council derives no monetary benefit from those advertisements."
Tho Council meetings are hold on
the first and third Thursdays of the
Standing commit tees will probably be named at the next meeting,
and 14 representative attendance is
urged by the officers.
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Socialist   Philosophy   Ably
pounded By Tho Noted
In view of the many nonsensical
accusations being made these days
relative to the destruction of homes,
under thc future social order, the
following indictment uguinst capitalism in the daily press by one of
its defenders, is not without signi-
flcence : "Marriage is looked upon
too lightly. Wifo desertion Is becoming alarmingly prevalent. It is
time a strong hand should ho laid
on  this kind  of work."
Such ls the statement, mnde Iiy Inspector Sanders of the Charity Organization  and   Children's  Aid   So-
Conirade Thos. McGrudy, the noted
lecturer of Kentucky, addressed a
fair audience at the old Grand
Theatre On Monday evening Inst, dilating at length upon "The Social
Comrade Huwthornthwalte presided and after briefly touching upon
his recent propnjpindu tour through
the upper country. introduced the
speaker of the opening.
The speaker spoke substantially ns
follows :
Why is it with our advancing civilization the consolidation of our industries and the enhancement of our
productivity, the toilers ar# still in
the statu of dependence and ore deprived of all the blessings that glorify the dawn of the twentieth century'.' Hecuuse thu laborer being dis-
puMcrerd ol the Instruments ol production, has nothing to sell but his
labor-power and therefore his labor-
power Is a commodity. Thu price of
every commodity is regulated according to the cost of production.
Whut does it cost to produce lubor-
power'' Thu laborer must have
food, clothing, shelter and roar a
family so that when hu is dead other
luhorors may take his place and keep
up the labor uomy. The only roaNon
for thu existence of the laborer under the capitalistic system of produc-i
tion is that he might create weulth
for the master class. It is nccessnry
for man to labor to create his
meuns of subsistence. Ijet . us say
thut a man can create two dollars
of nut wealth in three hours and
two dollars will enable him to meet
all of his expenses. It is consequently necessary for him to labor
thnt length of time in order to create his means of subsistence. Hi.'
let us say thnt he is hired for ton
hours, or let us presume that he
.-rentes tun dollars' of gross wealth
in ten hours. The manufacturer di-
v ides thut sum into several portions
he gives the laborer two dollars and
let us presume he |mivh two dollars
for the material which thu laborer
hus transformed into new commodity and let us presume thut fifty
cents  will  pay for  lhe  wear nnd tear
of machinery and fifty cents will pay
all  other necessary  expenses,     Now
here  is  the sum  of  $."> and  the capitalisl   hus met ull  of his expenaoa,
has been remunerated  for in*,   own
services as manager and yet   there is
the sum of **■.*• left over and above all
expenses.     Where    did   he   make   that
five   dollars'*    Thc   first   three   hours
the   laborer  worked   for  himself   and
he   got   the   full   product   of   his   toil
during those three hours, but he was
hired  for ten  hours hence he worked
seven   hours   of   surplus   lubor   time
for   which   not     one  cent   was   paid.
and during thu surplus labor time he
created   u   surplus   value,     thut   is   a
Milue   above   all   expenses,   including
wages,  material, loss to the machinery,   and   superintendence,   nnd   that
surplus   vulue   which   belongs   to  the
worker,   goes  into  the  hunds  of  the
capitalist in the form of profits, and
it. is on thu product of thnt. surplus
labor time that  all the fabulous fortunes  in  the  world  have lieen created.    In   the early     days  of  industry
each  man  as a   rule,   produced    for
himself,  he hnd his own tools which
were  simple.       He   bought   the    raw
nmturial. ho finished thc product and
he sold  it. nnd  he got the full value
of  hit*,  toil.    As each   man   was  self
sufficing,   so     ench   little  community
wus  self-sufficing.      There      were  no
means  of communication  and   trnns-
pi i tut ion.    With   tho   overthrow     of
thu little principalities and baronies,
tin commons  were enclosed, the •!<>-
in. stic   serfs   wore     driven    .ut   -i lo
the labor market, the kingdom   w.,8
consolidated,      vast standing nni.ics
wero created and tho mobility of the
army  necessitated     the construction
of  fine   roads   nnd   the   improvement
in  the  means «if  transportation  and
communication     thereby     increasing
the facilities for the extension of the
markets.    The  serf  having  lost    his
MTV ilu independence became a  wage-
slave,  therefore as a  neeesHury  condition  of his employment  he created
a surplus vuluo for bis employer.  It
was   impossible   to  sell   this  surplus
vulue to the worker for his purchasing power was limited by his wages,
bonce    it became   essential   to   And
now territory for the sole of tho surplus   value.        But  to  conquer     new
fields It  was necessary to give some
inducement   in   the cheapest   of com-
modifies.    To   sell   cheaply,   it   was
necessary  to produce cheaply,   therefore  it   wuh    necessary    to hnve    a
butter  machinery   and   better   organization.     Capital   was   thnn   limited,
and  to buy the machine several men
combined.   This wus tho first form of
co-opurutlve activity     in   tho  industrial   world       The   partnership   was
formed,   tho  markets   were extended,
the machine grew more gigantic, tho
organization increased In magnitude,
und   Increased^ capital   was  required,
und the partnership Was absorbed by
shu corporation which is a combination  of  several  partnerships.       The
markets    iwcnme    International, the
capitalists huve gone to tho ends of
the  earth   to  got  tho   sale  of   thoir
surplus  values,  the commercial  fight
hns become world-wide, nnd the trusr
was created  to olfminnte  waste nnd
to   limit   production   to  thc  requirements of the market.   Thc individual
producer by tho law of competition,
was crushed by the partnership ; the
partnership was crushed or absorbed
by the corporation, and tho corporation wns crushed or absorbed bj tho
trust.    The trust  will   become international for capital is International,
and  the  last  step  will   be  the combination of all the trusts under practically ono management In thc formation   of    ft    world-wide    industrial
Sells all
Over the
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
Cor. Abbott tk% Cordova Stn. Old Cos. Building.
OOmblnatlon Tho surplus value -aill
increase from the enhuncumeiil of
production and the elimination of
waste. Then the trust will ■ lose
some of its plants to limit production, to tbe rei-uireinent* of the niur
i.et. The closing of the plants will
eventuate in the discharge of largo
bodies of workers whose purchasing
power will Im* destroyed and the surplus will In. still |-i.-iit.-r More
plants will be cl.is.-d with the above
results till ultimately from the inability of the trust magnates to dis
pone of the over increasing surplus,
commerci.il stngnut ion will result
ami the throne of capitalism will fall
and the co-op«ratlve commonwealth
will take its place.
The s-«-ukcr was listened to with
close   attention   throughout   his   dis-
• nurse. Hut for counter attractions
a much larger audience would have
t*-en in evidence, qui we predict a
bumper (MvMW when I'oniriulc M.Grady favors us with another lecture. It has been suggest .*d that a
tour Im- runp|>ed out for Comrade
Mi''i«il\ . to cover thoroughly points'
in   British      I'oluiiiliiu   and   Washing
• on before the elm-.* of this yaarr
Comrude   Mclirmh      in  of   spl.-iolul
physique,   comtiiaii.ling   presence,   and
mis magnificent    (lights    ol orator
holding   al.   limes   his   hearers   s-*ell
I..Mids will make no mistake in securing his services, us he is us clear
as a Mil.
Hvi'iti.n BOBNKTT.
The   working  |>eopl>-  of  the  Doited
States  have     a     mighty   task  before
them.    The corn crop for this s.-as..u
is  estimated   at   2,7flO,0<i4l.<MS»  bush
els ;  thc  wheat  crop nt   70O.imni.im-0
bushels, to say nothing of a fabulous
amount   of other fo.MlslufTs     To  consume ail  of  this   will   keep  the   work
ers so busy eating for the next two
or three ,\ears  that   they  will   have
no time  to go  fishing.    At any  rate
it  is comforting     to  know  that   the
productive     power     of     labor   is so
great   as  to  preclude  the possibility
of the  workers  going hungry.
Hunker Stem-land, another financial
worthy of Chicago,  has gone uron-t,
bringing ruin upon  large number* of
|ieop|p     lie   whs   merely   speculating^
with  other poople'l  money  ami  Incidentally   keeping   a   dashing  divorcee
well   supplied   with   the  muteri al   re- j
quisltes   of  a   gay   life.    Strunge   ti* |
say  he  wns a  staunch  Itepublican or ,
Democrat.   It  doesn't  matter  which
Every man needs | Hat when -
English and American split ttrmrj
worth %i, $.• io and $.} arc offered n
this price.
They are odd line*, but the itrllt
arc bran new, worth just as muck »*
they ever were lo the men they fit,
although thc entire lot k ■ '• it
$i per hat   Hut you'll hi. rrj
nf C-tfwvi Strtff
I Second Hand Oealer \
Cook    Mioves   and   Tools
Spe. laity.
We buy and aell all   kteda of
wrap   metal,     old    ma*. Inner.,
rubber,   sacks,   bottles,  etc.
Stores— I*} and ij8 Cot    rt
St   K.
Hardware, Junk and Furniture.
'rmbi.* lilt        VMCMtrtf. I 6.
Program  of  Vancouver  Loeul
ot O.i  ns  Drafted  by
H.   P
Thn program committee of Vancuu.
ver Local. 8. P. of 0., have arranged the following m.-.-lin'.-s for Vancouver workingmen to attend :
Kingsley, (JI.uid Theatre, Cordova
ker Williams, If.P.P., of I«iiysmlth;
Orand   Then tru.   Cordova   Street
MONDAY KVENIKfl, (Ijabor Day)
SRPTKMBR11 a.-Pnrkor Williams,
MP.P., City Hall, Westminster Avenue.
Cloak. Hellinghnm. Wash., Orand
Theatre,   Cordova   Street.
P. Pettipiece, Sullivan Hall, Cordo*rr»
Street (upstairs.)
If any change Is found necessary In
the above, due notice will be given
by the  program committee.
Practical Beit
^^^^^^^ nl Sim ■••*•
ll.llil M.ilr Runts snd Mn«. lo ulitrr tn
•II rtvlf-s.
Ijr  ilon..
ftrpslrlnr |»ra*-n**tl)- .iel xxrml.
Stock   of .tapir  rc.il)' ■■■>>''
shirs slwsjrs on hsu.1
tW Wwllwlir tn.
Single copies. 5 cents;
copies, 25 rents; IC copies. (
rents; 40 copies, ill.00: 10
copies and over, S cents i"
These rates Include post.o:
to nny part of Canada or th
United Kingdom.
« ♦
"The Weitem Clarion'
i » **+
Annorr  rtkf.»*t.
Find Claaa liar.        Kirwllcnt llonm*.
Piicoa Modi-rale.
If you Intend building.
Ornlo Fireplaces, coll
'Are those with one or moro open fireplaces,
and would have tho latent in Mantel and
and see ua in reference to tho m
Thla Ih a ntylish and cheap uml hod ()f heating. Tt la really «•
Steam  Hunter,   using gas fuel.     NO CHIMNEY IHOQUIKED.
This cuts the ertjienae in two and you ran have fireplaces In
two rooms at. less coat than ono coal consuming grate.
Be* one of the Hackua Heaters on exhibition In Lockhurt &
Clarke's   window,   Oranvlllo   Street.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.


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