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The Western Clarion Sep 15, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class A
rata ia
nus saa
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, September 15, 1906.\%J//CTQRlrv^
William Hard, in the August Issue of "The World Today",
Writes interestingly of the Political and Industrial De-
| *      vetopment That b Going on al About us.
"In Kaglund, tho first home of
steam engines and factories, there
utv "Socialists, in Japan, tho last
convert to steam ungines and factories, there are Socialists. lAuumg
men who have never boon outside the
stute of Illinois there arc Socialists^
Hliiii in it that lakes hold of a man
in London, a nwn in Tokio and a
man in t'himgo, und leads them all,
independently of each othor, to the
Mime political creed? What ure tho
international causes that muke the
Socialist Party the only international party?"
The man to whom these question*
aero addressed is u lawyer of eon.
Milerublo practice and uf considerable
reputation. Pew of hi* acquaint*
unccs know that he Is a Socialist.
lb- does not wuve his arms. Hut he
pays hia dues and votes the party
"1 can answer you best," be said,
"by simply telling you whnt happen*
id  to mu.
"There is nothing intermitionjal
about inc. 1 was born in the corn
Mt. I was educated at u fresh-wa-
ler college. My law practice has all
l».*n In the Mississippi valley. My
nmesiors were New l-'nglund.-rs I
have never rend Karl Marx. In fact
I don't remember evor having read
uny book about  Socialism.
"Why should I read any such
book? Socialism is not a scheme
uorkud out In a library by a phit-
unihropic philosopher. It has noth-
iii|- to do with philosophers or philanthropy, lt is simply a political
and industrial development that ia
taking |>lace under our noses. Karl
Marx could see over hia none lietter
than anybody else, and so lie wrote
a book about it. Dut Kurl Marx
did not invent Socialism. Steam engines and railroads and telephones
i.nd factories and -trust*' have invented Socialism. Anybody can
watch these things at work. I, like
OiouHumla of others, am a Socialist
■ ot I-.-cause af having read Marx,
I.ut because of having used my eyes.
"If nobody had ever written a line
about Socialism, the world would
Mill bo headed toward SocsBluen
SocidUsm Is not a suggestion for
' liming thi' world upside down. It
ih o prophecy of tho direction in
which the world will turn itself. It
ih not a new game. lt ia a went her
'. port,
"1 have given you Ihdae obwrrvn
' ions simply in order that you may
•>e prepared to understand my per-
'i'tuil exi-urieitrew. _ .\s 1 go on, you
«ill see that 1 have lieen made n*So-
.ialist hy a recognition of facts and
not by a yearning to abolish facts.
"In the little prairie city of 2.r>.
"on inhabit ant*, in -which I wan
brought up there was no man who
touched his hat to anybody. Wo
seemed to be living in a perfect democracy, Wo thought it waa a demo-,
iiacy because we could call thc
county Judge 'Charlie.' I think now
'hat I would be perfectly willing to
<all htm 'My 1-ord' if he would ac-
"1'iire a little dignity and courage in
hm attitude toward the gas company.
"That waa the first thing that
Hindi, me think. That was the first
Hung that made mo suspect there
was something wrong about our democracy, I noticed that thc Oovcrn-
tnent of our little city was a government by the gas company, thc
electric light company and the
street car company. I noticed thnt
"ur representatlve in Congress was
" representative of thc railroad
1 oiiipnnion and of the big manufur-
lurlng companies.
"1 did not blame them companies.
I'bey realised thai n control of poll"
•its was a nt-ewwary part of busi-
hiulnsM, Tho price of gns, for in-
Ntanco, could lw fixed by tho city.
It was a political question. Tho
manager of the gas compuny would
have been a fool If he hud not recognized that fact. Political considerations were equally powerful in tho
price of electric light, in the kind of
rail ordered by the City Council to
Im laid down by the street rur compnny, in tho toleration of the grade
crossings of tho railroad company
and in the tariff protecting the manufacturing companies. These nggro-
gatlons of capital were in politics.
'Ihey had to lw in politics. They
had a stake In thc community. When
a man has a stake In tho community. I havo noticed that ho usually
'■'ieN to tie ovorybiuly else to it,
Hut I don't blame him. Ho has to
protect himself.
"What puzzled me nt that timo
wan that while the big companies
were bo powerful in .politics the rest
of un wore so indifferent. We knew
that wc had n corrupt and Inefficient
city government. Yet we did not
givu an average of ten hours a yoar
to city affairs. Tn fact, if we spent
'■•irty minutes voting In tho fail we
were doing well.
"It did not occur to mo at that
Umo thnt thc way to got overybody
interested wos to glvo everybody a
"take In tho community. It did not
occur to tne thnt a government is
alwaya controlled by thoso who have
a stake. Iiy thoso who own something. U did not occur to mo thnt
under ft system of private ownership
with all industry gradually concentrating itself into the hands of the
few, it woubl Im* inevitable that political power would also concentrate
itself und that it would produce a
political oligarchy. All that I noticed ut that time was that, ufter all
the only permanent, effective interest*
in politics wus that of thc men who
hud their ownership in some business
to protect. Thc rest of us were spectators on tho bleachers. Now and
then we broke into thc field and
inoblKsd the umpire. Hut most of tho
timo we bud no steady financial interest urging us on to a participation in public affairs. The gas company hud.
'This is the first stage in the development of a man who approaches
Socialism from the political field. Ha)
noticcs that business, the getting of
a living, industry, whatever you
please to call it, is by far thc most
important thing in life. Nino State
laws out of ten refer to business.
Ninety-nine ordinances out of a hundred refer to business. The men who
control business are thc men who
find it absolutely necessary to control politics. They may be now and
then defeated. Hut they are always
there. The rest of us get tired. Theji
can not. They must not. Their survival depends on it. Uusiness ia bigger than politics. Only a control of
business will give the people a control   of  politics,
"When I moved to a large city 1
added one more stage to my progress
toward Socialism. I noticed that
not only did business control politics, but that business did not want
good politics. My first appreciation
of this fact came when a firiend of
mino ran for Alderman on thc Republican ticket Ilia opponent was
u ravenous gray wolf. None of thc
big business men of thc ward would
have sat with him at table. Hut almost all of them voted for him. 1
was scandalized. I could not understand it. Afterwards, when I myself
was an Alderman, I begun to understand.
"That ravenous gray wolf helped
business lie got iH-rmiis for illegal
electric signs hanging out over thc
sidewalks in front of the big department store*, lie allowed thc owners
of riverside factories to build out
into thc stream. He started, no agitation for reducing the price of gas.
He voted for any and all extensions
of franchises for street car, gas and
electric light companies. Like every
other corrupt Alderman in tho City
Council of any American city, hc
could be relied on to vote for private ownership of public utilities.
"That ravenous gray wolf, for a
consideration, allowed big merchants
and small ones, too, to burrow under the sidewalks in public property.
He MCUted illegal permit.* under
which a man about to construct a
building could violate thc building
ordinances. He saw to it that the
district inhabited by certain companies wan intricately excluded from
the fire limits, ao that they could
muke their perilous buildings of wood
Instead of lieing obliged to use fireproof materials. In these and a
thousand other ways ho *was constantly useful to the men in control
of business. If he had been a patriotic man. he we;;*' have upheld tho
rights of the community against tho
privileges of business. /He would
have driven a great many of those
merchants out of his ward. They
did not want to move. And therefore they could not uflord to see him
"Of course business ia torn between two desires. It wants a city
government capable ot paving tho
streets economically, cupahlc of running the el.-vators at thc cily hall
nt u greater s|-ocd than tun feet an
hour, und capable of putting down
violence efficiently during a strike.
Hut the men who could do those
things are seldom so stupid, no mean
or so cheap as to bo willing simultaneously to debsuch the community by conveying special privileges
to Individuals. Business is thcreforo
obliged most of the time to fall back
on pliable, purchasable incompetents
who will not run the elevators in tho
city hull worth a cent, but who will
connive at irregularities worth millions.
"If you think that 1 am running
away from facts to theories Just traverse in memory tho fight made in
this city for.nn honest council. Hot*
many of thc biggest capitalists, how
many directors of tho traction companies, how many loading merchants
rendered any assistance in that fight?
It is not to tho personal Interest ol
such men thnt thoroi should be a
strong government in' this city. If
there had been a strong government
in this city from tho beginning it
would Have lopped off a largo part
of  thousands  of private  fortunes.
"Of course if all thc businjas men
of the city could get togcthor it
would lie to thoir united intn.rat
that tho laws should bo administered
impartially »nd that no spo-Mal favors should l>o granted anybody. Hut
they cannot got together except under Socialism. Under private owner-
ship onch business must catch ovoiy
favorable    gale that   it   can.    Each
business must look out for itself.
And a man's direct interest in his
bank account is more persisOeiit than
his indirect interest in good government.
"As an Alderman I found that
business is bigger and stronger today
than the community. I saw that the
largest merchants, under a perfectly
legal city ordinance, were getting
city water at a lower rate than
would warrant the city in staying in
the wator business. Why was this
special rate established for big consumers? Ik-cause the business of the
big consumer was an immense permanent fixture in the city, because
tho big consumer himself was on
hand, yeur after year, looking out
for his interests, because it did not
pay uny one small consumer to
make an extensive legal fight against
the special rate, Im-cuuw- the city officials whose duty it was to moke
the fight for him knew that in the
long run the big consumer would
prove a more powerful enemy than
ull thc small consumers put together.
"While 1 was alderman I believe 1
received, twenty visits a day from
merchants and contractors who
wanted favors ranging from a telephone franchise to a {-ormit which
would render it unnecessary to install
sunitnry closets in a factory. Every
day I saw private business
as a vampire sucking at tbe veins
of the community. Under our present system the two interests arc not
only absolutely distinct, but absolutely irreconcilable. Private inter*.
osts can never bc harmonized with
public interests. They will have to
be swallowed.
"Thc way I was forced out of office wus significant. I had voted .for
an ordinance under which a certain
street car company would be ob-
ligid to sprinkle thc streets on
which its tracks were laid. There
was a strong movement for repealing this ordinance. One day a young
lawyer for the street car company
came into my office and said that if
I would give him tho names of one
hundred laborers among my constituents hc would see that they wero
put to work on some new construction which the company was then
"I immediately perceived my finish.
If I accepted the offer the company
would have a string on me. At thci
first sign of rebellion the men would
be discharged and I would have a
hundred enemies, plus all their neighbors, in my ward. On the other
hand, if I refused to name the men,
a rertuin other politician in my
ward would lie given the opportunity and he would tie enabled to fortify his already powerful influence.
Five or six other incidents of this
kind had come my way. They produced in me a feeling to the effect
that until more progress had lieen
made toward a decent organisation
of society, a politician was nothing
but a puppet. Those hundred men
offered to me by the street car com
pany were the last straw. I refused
to name them and on the same day
I announced that I would not be a
candidate for re-election.
"Before my term of office had
reached its end, however, I went
down to the State capital as a member of a delegation to speak in favor
of a child labor law. This event 1
may call the third stage in my progress toward Socialism. I had already noticed that- business controlled politics. I had already noticed that business did not want
good politics and that it preferred
a  weak  and  corrupt government.
"I now noticed that politics, government, the community, whatktver
name you please to give it, was
arming itself to control business, to
chew it up, to assimilate it.
"In its essence a child tabor law,
though many Socialists disagree
wilh me, is the entering, wedge of Socialism. A child labor law fixe* on
arbitrary limit beneath which business may not go in its search for
labor. It represents a fundamental
interference with business. Since
that time, as a private citizen, I
have borne a humble part in the enactment of many such laws. Many-
others, with which I have had nothing to do, have shaped their
course in the same general direction.
I mention them in order that you
may see that I get my Socialism no*
from the libraries but from the legislatures, not from a preconceived1
idea of how society ought to go, but
from a steady observation of how it
actually is going.
"Tbe community is swallowing
business. In scores of child labor*
laws it has snatched from business
the right of deciding at what age a
child shall work and for how many
hours it shall be permitted to inhabit a factory each day. In scores
oi pure food laws it has established
standards of food composition to
which business must conform. In several laws of interstate application it
has fixed the number of hours each
duy during which business may compel miners and smeltermen to labor.
In a recent great federal law it has
subjected a certain great industry to
a supervision so rigorous that every
particle of edible flesh sold in this
country may lie said to be watched .
by federal, or else by State or mun- {
icipal, agents from the time when it
grows on the steer to the time when
it is delivered to the housewife.
"I need not fatigue you with further illustrations. It is obvious that
business, long the senior partner of
thc community is being deposed to
an occasionally subordinate position. But the process cannot stop at
this point. While city governments.
Stale governments and the national
government arc drawing closer and
closer to an intimate control of business, it becomes more and more necessary 'or business to make a
stronger and stronger effort to control   ench  and   all   of  those  govern-
(Continued on Second Page)
The International Socialist Bureau Issues Appeal to Uie,
Workers of all Countries to Assist Their Struggling
Brothers in Russia to Throw off the Oafs' Yoke.
In Spite of Their Boasted Freedom Thousands of American
Workingmen Find Themselves in a Condition of Vassalage More Hopeless Than Existed During the Feudal Ages
lhe United States is indisputably
the land in which capital holds unbridled license to exercise its rule
without being unduly hampered by
any sickly and sentimental consideration for its subjects. In this land
of vast natural resources and of
comparatively recent set t knuent, it
has found the most ideal conditions
for Its growth and development. The
American working man, whether self-
employing tanner or wage-earner,
hus been an especially easy mark for
capital to deul with. So inflated
with the idea of his "liberty" has ho
been that his funcicd security in its
possession hns rendered him all but
oblivious of thnt which hus lieen occurring under his very nose. Step
by stop has capital advanced in thu
perfection of its organization and
the augmentation af its power, until now the erstwhile self-satisfied
custodian of freedom is awakening
to thc fact that his freedom has all
of this time been a sham, a rank
counterfeit, under the soponfic influence of which hc has been lulled to
sleep in fancied security while capital has seized his substance and
forged thc fetters for his limbs.
That which hc mistook tor freedom
was but a few poor privileges, that,
because of his physical surroundings
during tho country*'*' earlier days,
could not well be denied him. As
capitalist production has grown fron*
the simple process of the days of
hand tools, to thc complex process
of today with its powerful'and costly.]
machinery,' nnd as capital, ever
watchful and alert, has buttressed
and bulwarked its position step by
atop by shaping the machinery of
government to safeguard the requirements of its profit-making purpose,
those poor privileges havo ono by one
alipped away and his fancied freedom
has turned to "ashes on his lips."
Instead of wearing tho badge of free-
il#mi be is a .vassal of capital, compelled to surrender tho products of
his lnbor into Its greedy und capacious maw.
Thc conditions to which the Working man Is reduced ns a wage-earner
In the great    modern    shambles of
capitalism has lieen ably set forth by
Upton Sinclair in "Tho Jungle." It
is beyond thc power of human language, however, to depict the horrors of capitalist production in all
of their hideous details. What is
true of one capitalist industry is true"
of them all.' The following extract
from on article in the Appeal to
Keason, by Geo. H. Shoaf, entitled
'•Miners Are Slaves," shows some
of the beauties of capitalist production as expressed in tho coal industry of Pennsylvania. Shoaf hus a
terse way of putting things and the
article should bo road by every working man who still believes the United
States to bc tho land of the free.
Railroads Control Mines.
Many railroads traverse this region, all of which are engaged in
thu business of mining coal. There
is a law designed to prevent railroad companies from branching out
into this industry—but this law is
ignored as if it hnd no existence. In
fact, most of the larger mines are
owned ami oi>crated by the railroad
companies, nearly all the coal lands
are monopolized by them, and the
few individual operators scattered
here and there are permitted to exist only on torms dictated by the
railroad companies. Among the railroads entering thc region are tho Del-*
aware and Lackawanna, thc Erie, the
Ontario and Western, the 1/ohigh Valley, tho Jersey Centra), the Philadelphia and Reading and the Lehigh
and iWilkesbnrre. Most of these
roads are merely branches of thc
same system, and constitute a part
of the great transportation trust.
They aro all in one combination to
mine coal, known as the Temple
Iron and Coal Company, the president of which is George F. Baer, who
is also president ot tho Philadelphia
and Beading railroad. The Temple
Iron and Coal company is to Penn-1
sylvania what the Colorado Fuel anr|
Iron compnny is to Colorado. It
mokes and unmakes laws, controls
the policy of the statu government,
(Continued on page three.)
To thc Workers of all countries:    .
In despite at his plighted word, I
Nicholas II., the twice perjured Czar '
has dissolved the Duma just as he
violated the Constitution of Finland.
Having concentrated his troops in
St. Petersburg and compelled the
members of the Puma to disperse, he
has, in order to mislead Europe, issued a manifesto of which every
word is a lie. He accuses the Puma
of having committed illegal acts,
after having himself illegally imposed fundamental laws, contrary to
his promises ol October 20. He accuses it of impotence, after having
refused it all power, after having restricted it to being merely a platform, which has been used nevertheless, to denounce the crimes of the
bureaucracy. He reproaches it with
having done nothing after having
made it impossible for it to realise a
single Parliamentary measure.
International Socialism will not
fcastc time in useless protestation.
It is to thc action of all that it, once
more api-cals.
Thc latest move of the man of the
22nd of January* has not surprised
the Socialist Party, nor taken it unawares. The overthrow of the Duma
was determined upon when the camarilla of functionaries and Grand
Dukes perceived the weakness of tbe
majority of the Assembly, and in
spite of the efforts of the Social-
Democratic and Ijabor groups, has
pursued the tactics which were bound
to enfeeble it.
An odiously restricted electoral
system, thu most shameful administrative pressure exercised during the
election, the defiance of the popular
will in excluding from thc ballot-
boxes the few proletarians who were
entitled to access to them, all this
resulted in the creation of a majority which in no way represented the
aspirations of the majority of the
country. The elected of the Liberal
bourgeoisie have proved themselves
by their attitude after the dissolution that they were wrong to show
themselves vacillating before power
and hesitating in regard to urgent
reforms. Have they not loat the
confidence of the {feasants in promising only an insufficient agrarian reform, the adoption of which would
not have restored thc land to the
people of the country? Have they
not disappointed and disgusted the
workers by ottering them miserable
palliatives instead of drastic reforms? Have they not deceived all
those who ardently aspire after liberty, by their failure to adopt a
strong and resolute attitude on the
subjects of amnesty, of the pogroms,
and of capital punishment? And so,
in spite of thoir repeated declarations of loyalty, thc Czar has for
them nothing but disgust. At tbe
opening of Parliament he placed before them his make-shift fundamental laws,, and during the whole session he has refused to them everything. Finally, when, through their
own fault, they found themselves
without strength and without support they have been dispersed without any effort at resistance, like
dead  leaves In-fore an autumn gale.
Thc coup d' etut of Nicholas II.
will have the result ot comnenling*the
Liberal bourgeoisie to abandon the
stage of discussion and choose between" absolutism and revolution. It
has put an end to compromises and
arrangements. After this experience,
tho most naively optimist must bc
convinced tnat it is useless to attempt   to   reconcile    absolute   oppo-
The creation of a Duma without
any executive, power could not prevent the bureuueracy from pillaging
the public treasury, from starving
thc {K'usants, or from organizing
with the pecuniary assistance of the
western bourgeoisie, of massacres
and attempts against the lilierty of
the workers.
But thc revolution does not succumb with the Duma. On the contrary It enters upon a new and moro
decided phase. Before putting an end
to the parliamentary comedy. Nicholas II. had achieved tho economic
and financial ruin of his empire. Hc
has killed in the conservative classes
the idea of a constitutional Czarism
Ho has opened thc eyes of the peasants by refusing them the land. Ho
has rallied a portion of the army and
the navy to the cause of the people
who, after having witnessed thc impotence of the Lilieral bourgeoisie,
rtxmtor upon the scene, grouped under the banner of Socialism. As at
the beginning of the struggle, so now
once moro It is the proletariat
which constitutes thc first lino In
the battle against absolutism. With
the workers of the towns arc allied
thc peusants who sec more clearly
every day that such a union alone
can give them the land, and the intellectuals moro imbued with our doctrines in Russia than in any other
country in tho world. Thc Liberal
bourgeoisie itself, if it would not,lie
condemned to nn impotent Radicalism, vi:l Ih. in many cases, forced
to go with the stream.
Henceforth, thon, two armies aro
confronting ench other; tho army of
the Czar and tho army of tho people,1 and between these two forces
conflict     is  inevitable.    Tho  victory
will be all the more decisive for us
the more completely the revolution
can concentrate its strength, realize
unity of action and put In operation
abundant resources.
The revolution, begun by the strike
will, at the opportune time, be continued, by the strike; by the refusal
to pay taxes and to submit to military service; by the seizure of crown
lands and of those ot the Church and
the nobles: by armed revolt, wl'h
the co-operation of the sailors and
soldiers who are coming over everyday to the new ideas through Socialist propaganda; it will proceed,
without truce and without faltering,
until tbe day when Czarism having
neither troops nor money, nor credit
nor power of any kind, the people
will be master of its own destinies.
The past of the Socialists of Russia is a guarantee of their future.
They will know how to compel the
convocation of a constituent assembly, and will do their duty to the
end. It is for us to do ours. We
can aid the common work by two
means; By preventing the autocracy
from obtaining money; By sending
money ourselves to the Russian Socialists.
The Radical Government of France,
the reactionary Government of Germany, the bourgeoisie of all countries, have made themselves tbe accomplices of the Czar by lending him
at heavy interest, the pay for his
gendarmes, bis executioners and his
black bands. It is for us to bring
pressure to bear upon the Governments to put an end to this assistance! It is for us to warn the propertied class that thc Russian Republic of tomorrow will not pay the
debts which the Czar incurs in order
to pay his assassins! It is for us
to rally to the cause of liberty all
possible support, in order to deliver
millions of people from an implacable tyranny! And if, in spite of all
our efforts, the Holy Alliance of the
international reaction attempts to
intervene in the conflict, to frustrate
the revolutionary movement, and to
save the Czarist despotism, it will
bc for us to devise the means necessary to effectively aid the Russian
people, who, united still more closely
in such a juncture, would draw no
distinction between Czarisri, already
stricken to death, and thc foreign invader, guilty of assailing the auto-
moiiy uf a nation conscious of its
Give,  then,   and  give  generously !
Let  the  accumulated     pence  of  tho
poor assure ub the victory!
Let the cry be :   Money for the Victims of Czarism!
Let every Socialist, let eveiy class-
conscious worker, send his mite,
either to the central organization of
his party, to the accredited delc-i
gates of our Russian comrades, or to
tho Secretariat of the International
Socialist Bureau.
Down with the Autocracy!
Long live International Socialism!
The executive committee of the International Bureau (Belgium); Ed-
ouard Anseele, -Hmile Vandervelde,
Camille Huysmans (Secretary).
(Tlie above was also signed by the
entire membership of the Bureau,
and by the mt-iutM-rs of the Socialist
and I.abor Inter-Parliamentary Conference.—Ed.)
Old "Joe Cannon," that smoothbore piece of Republican artillery
that presides over the House of
Capitalist Representatives at Washington, recently addressed an audience nt Lcwiston, Maine. During his
remarks he paid his compliments to
the president of the American Federation of Ijabor in such a manner aa
to cause tbe headlines in . the daily
press to read "Cannon Rebukes Gompers." This is the most striking illustration of "Satan rebuking sin"
that ever was known. In making the
statement no serious reflection upon
the moral fibre ot Samuel the horn-
blower  is  intended.
The striking employees of tho San
Francisco street railway very wisely
decided to return to Work when
Farley and his strike-breakers began
to arrive in thc city by train loads.
Their grievances against the company are to bc settled later on. They
will no doubt be settled satisfactorily—to tho company. In spite of
thc boasted wide-spread prosperity
prevailing tho fact still remains that
the condition of the labor market
is such as to admit of recruiting a sufficient number of strikebreakers to defeat any ordinary
The Democrats of Ohio in convention recently passed a resolution welcoming Windy Jennings Bryan as
"the moat distinguished privatu' citizen of America:" It was not considered necessary to specify aa to
the particular qualification that
eminently entitles him to the honor
thus conferred, us bumbisN'of •'tfocj---.
sands ot American citizens have
heard it. I
THI WMT11K 0LA1IOH, viiatiAiTVOT..   ftltrriflB OOLUMBU.
in ni •-
ttAtilKPAV, iitt'ThM mth Ui,
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A member of the Western Federation of Miners, writing for the current number of thc Miners' Magazine,
recommends that the members of
that organization "give of their
hard-earned dollars" for the purpose
of erecting a monument over the
grave of Davis H. Waite, who wns
governor of Colorado during the Bull
Hill troubles of 1894.
It is no doubt true that the sympathy   of     Governor     Waite,   during
those troblous     days,   was  with  the
Colorado miners     in     their struggle
against   the    rapacity    of the  mine
owners.    By  the courageous  exercise
of thc power vested in him, as chief
magistrate of thc State, he undoubtedly prevented  a  bloody conflict  between  the miners    at.  Bull  Hill  and
the armed thugs nnd ruffians of capital   who  had  boon  gathered   for  the
purpose of    driving    them from the
district.    By  so  doing  he  prevented
that arbitrary and brutal exercise of
power  upon   the     part   of  the  mine
owners that hns since made of Colorado a shameful counterfeit of Russia  itself.    But  though  he even  succeeded   in   inducing a  settlement  lietween  the  mine  owners  and   minors
upon a basis of $3 and eight hours,
•t by no means justifies any particular  glorification   of  his   memory,   or
the expenditure of "hard-earned dollars" in building a senseless pile of
granite  or  marble  to  commemorate
it.   Thnt which he, perchance, at tho
time forcfended  came  later on  with
increased     vindictivencss,     brutality
and  suffering,   and  thc cost  to   the
miners was by no means diminished
because of thc delay.   The economic
cause that   implied  thc marshalling
of thugs,  ruffians and cutthroats for
the purpose of  successfully  resisting
the  demands     of  the, men   in  1894,
though thwarted at  that  time,  was
not removed and the subsequent history of that unhappy state has since
been prolificnlly written in blood and
shame by    the mine owners and at
awful cost to the miners themselves.
Throe trusted officials of the Western Federation of Miners arc now in
an Idaho jail.    They arc there under
what every  sane  and  right-thinking
man     must     consider      trumped-up
charges of thc clumsiest sort.   They
are there as n result of no legal procedure that could meet  with the approval of even a decent ruffian. They
were   kidnapped     by     conscienceless
tools of mine owners, with the connivance of fhe plected  officials of two
States.    They   have   been   torn  from
their families and deprived of   their
liberty,  not because of crimes committer), but for the reason thut they
have been   loyal   and   true  to  their
class,   the  working  class,   and  havo
advised and worked for such lino of
action as would bring to an end the
brutal  exploitation of labor at the
hands of their treacherous, irresponsible, avaricious und brutal capitalist rulers.
In depriving these mon of their liberty; in taking from them the legal
rights that the American citizen is
supposed to possess ; in huaping in-
fumy upon them by keeping them in
confinement for months without trial;
the dirty, ruffianly ruling class is not
merely heaping insult upon thorn as
individuals, hut is pouring its venom
and heaping its insults upon the entire working class to which these
men belong.
The little finger of one of thoso imprisoned men is of more value to
the working class than all of the
dead men's bones that lie mouldering  'neath the sod.   If energy is to
be expended, either In tbe form of
"hard-earned dollars" or otherwise,
let it lie expended in rescuing theso
men from tho foul clutches of the rascally gang that has deprived them
of their liberty. Tho election of William D. 'Haywood as Governor of
Colorado will bo tho vindication of
thoso falsely accused and persecuted
men und an open notification to tho
blood-thirsty ruling class that its
criminal career can no longer safely
be followed.
Tho good that men do, it is said,
will live ufter them. If this be so it
is unnecessary to waste timo and
energy building monuments to their
memory. A memory that cannot be
kept green without a pile of rock deserves to perish. It is the living
who command our earnest and best
efforts. The dead may safely be left
to themselves. One live workingman
is worth u carload of dead men's
bones, for nny other purpose than
"Only a few centuries ago liberty
of thought was unknown. Every lip
was sealed. Tbe criticism of a baron
meant thc confiscation of the peasant's property. The criticism of the
people meant tho prison. The criticism of the king meunt death. Now
all are free to think for themselves.
But to purchase this freedom, blood
has flown like rivers, and tears without number. To secure tho liberty of
speech 4,000 battles have been
fought. Still fresh in our minds is
.the picture of those Russian workingmen who, only the other day,
contributed their blood to the common fountain, so that greater liberty
might come to the masses in that
country of the despot."
There is a sky-pilot of the Presbyterian brand by the name of Stelzle.
with the piously suggestive "Rev."
hitched on in front of his cognomen,
who is making free to indulge in a
lot of senseless slobber over the
working class, and belauding tbe
workers for thoir wondrous achievements in raising themselves from a
one-time servile and degrading posi-
sion to their present state of., beatitude. This reverend gah-slinger is being taken quite seriously by that section of thc labor press that is an
easy mark because nf its lack of understanding, and is lieing copiously
quoted in its columns.
The above extract - from one of
Stelzle's reverberations published in
the Locomotive Firemen's Magazine
for September, is interesting stuff in
the light of events that ore daily
occurring in the "land of the free and
the homo of the brave." Scarce a
Socialist exchange comes to this
office that does not give account of
one or more arrests of Socialist
speakers for the offense of addressing*
their fellows upon questions of the
day. Only a few days since a workingman, thc candidate of the Socialist Party for Governor of the State
of Georgia, was arrested and arbitrarily given thirty days in the
chain-gang for having dared to c iti-
cizc the existing regime to a crowd
of his fellow-citizens upon a street
corner in the city of Atlanta. To
add lustre to the achievement of the
authorities in capturing this workingman and throwing him into the
chain-gung it might be added that he
is totally blind. This comrade is J.
B. Osborne, who will be remembered
as having addressed several meetings
in Vancouver and on the Island two
years ago.
In tho state of Nevada a few days
ago a Socialist speaker, Comrade
Woodbey of California, was rotten-
egged while addressing an audience
of working people on a street corner.
This affair was encouraged by the
sheriff und other public officials and
"respectable" citiaens. 'Another
speaker was recently driven from
Cripple Creek and his property (literature, etc.) confiscated by the officials and "law and order" element
of that  town.
In Philadelphia workingmen have
been repeatedly arrested of late for
attempting to address their fellows
in thc vicinity of one of the big
modern slave-pens known as the
Cramp shipyards. From all parts of
the country come accounts of similar occurrences.
It must not be forgotten that an
Idaho jail contains at the present
time three men who have been held
prisoners for months although absolutely unconvicted of any crime, and
are so held simply for the reason
that thoy also havo dared to criticize thc existing "order" and counsel
their fellow-workers to use their
legal rights to abolish It in order to
make way for a better system.
The workingmen have no rights
whatever that any band of capitalist ruffians are bound to respect,
unless it be such as the workers are
in a position to defend witb their
good right'arms. No other "rights"
go either In the lend of the free, in
the Russian Autocracy or anywhere
else on earth.
It may bc as the noisy Stelzle ss-
serts that all men are "free to think
for themselves," but if they are
workingmen    und     their      thoughts
run counter to lhe interests of Capitalist property ahd its ruffianly defenders, they had best keep thair
thoughts to themselves unless they
are armed to tho teeth anti sufficient
in numbers to convincingly impress
the potency of their arguments upon
their bloodthirsty rulers and tlieir
paid assassins and cutthroats.
It is no more safe to criticize the
ruling ciuss now than it wus ut certain periods under serfdom. If tho
workers are soft enough in their upper stories to be lulled to sleep by
the lying "tonnny-rot" of canting
hypocrite and bombastic flatterers
who would load thorn to become
swollen with vanity over Labor's
past achievements, the time is not
far distant whon that criticism will
mean death. It already moans persecution and imprisonment.
The past achievements of Labor aro
nothing to blow about. The workers
arc still tho some exploited slaves
that they wore under feudalism and
chattel slavery, a little more reliel-
lious, p*<Vhaps. but, nevertheless-
slaves in all that the term implies.
And thoy will remain such so long us
they cun be led to believe that they
have already attained a measure of
freedom that is worth 'blowing
The attainment of freedom by the
working class still lies in the future.
Let every worker gird up his lions
for the struggle to realize it. Let a
deaf ear tie turned to the mountebank who would lend them to believe that thoy now possess it, or
any part of if. Of all such a platitudinous sky-pilot is the most ridiculous if not the most  dangerous.
aIld  Bpectatuiar J But many paper*_ feet bound }o*dp-
parade of lt on the 31.6th.
making a    vulgar
The Socialist comrades of California have placed in nomination as
their candidate for Governor at the
November elections, Austin Lewis of
Oakland. Comrade Lewis is not altogether unknown to British Columbia Socialists, as it will be remembered he made a short tour of the
province a few months since, speaking at Victoria, Ladysmith, Nanaimo
Vancouver, Revelstoke, Nelson,
Greenwood, Phoenix, and Rossland.
As his trip was made principally far
the purpose of, if possible, raising funds to assist the California
movement which had suffered heavy
financial loss through the San Francisco earthquake ond fire, much of
the time during his meetings wns
necessarily devoted to a recount of
the events in connection with that
disaster. This of course, detracted
considerably from the value of his
trip from a strictly propaganda
standpoint. Be that as it may, however, he impressed the British Colum-'
bia comrades as being one who thoroughly understood the Socialist;
movement from a purely proletarian
standpoint, and possessed of the
courage and sta-iina to do valiant
battle in its ranks. That such impressions were correct wc take pleasure in affirming. We do so for the
reason that we have known him personally for years. Wc know what
sort of stuff he is made of. Without
any disposition to throw boquets,
for if the truth were known we
would prefer to heave bricks, we con*
gratulate our California comradea
for  their  wisdom  in  selecting  their
candidate for the responsible position of Governor of the State. With
Lewis elected in California, and Haywood in Colorado, the capitaliat pirates of those two states may rest
assured that, in so tar as such
gubernatorial powers can be road*
effective a most emphatic, halt will
be called to their career of outrage,
pillage and murder.
Get into line, you comrades of
California and Colorado. Mark time
if you will for the advancing proletarian host that is destined in the
near future to not only conquer the
states but the federal power us woll,
for the purpose of asserting its right
to life without masters and without
"Labor  parade"   tn      —,
September .'ltd wai n hail a ship-Uin
of ski nny-1 egged Hindoos who opportunely arrived to fill u long-felt
•Mint |n the labor market. Of
course this Waa also it "grand
"Tho true barriers of Liberty ure
our own State Governments," wrote
Thotnus JefTerson. But tho wily
Democrat forgot to tell us whether
tho "barriers" were intended to keep
the old i^irl from escaping or to pre-
xent   her from coming in.
The only | port  tho   revolutionists,   in  spite  of
Vancouver   on; the fact, that assassination is ahhor-
Can it be that tho foul conspiracy
Of the Colorado and Idaho thugs and
ruffians Of capit al tO murder the officials of the Western Federation of
Miners in going to expose Itself'.' It
looks that way if there ho any truth
in the following which np|H>arod in
the Seattle papers of Sunday, Sept.
9th -.
HOISE, Saturday, Sept. S.—This
is to certify that the statement that
1 signed was made up by .lames Mc-
Partland, detective, and Harry' Orchard, alias Tom llogan. 1 signed it
becauae I was threatened by Governor Gooding, saying I would bo hung
if I did not corroborate Orchard's
story against the officers of the Western   Federation  of Miners,
(Witness)   "ANNIE ADAMS."
Tho above statement was delivered
by the wife of Steve Adams to ex-
Governor Morrison, one of his attorneys this morning and the reason
given for writing tho statement was
that Adams feared something might
happen to him the lust night he was
in Idaho penitentiary and asked his
wife to carry the message to his
In the district court this afternoon tho attorney general filed thc
return of Warden Whitney to the
writ of habeas corpus issued yesterday. The court hold thc return to lie
insufficient, and directed thc release
of the prisoner.
Arrested as a fugitive.
As Adams received the congratulations of his lawyers and his wife
Sheriff Mosoloy again arrest (il him
on a fugitive warrant charging him
with the murder of I,yte Gregory In
Denver May .*..  10O I ^^
Adams told tho story of his ox
|a-rionce since his arrest lost February and if what he says is true, nnd
most of it is confirmed by his wife
and uncle, some of the officers of
Idaho may find themselves in an uncomfortable  pi-edicnment.    He  said'
"I was persuaded into admitting
thu truth of some of the statements
made by Orchard in his confession
made to Mcl'arland, first by the
threats of the Governor that there
wus a mob waiting to hang mc in
Colorado, whore thoy would send me
if I did not. da ns they demanded,
nnd second because I was promised
%b go clear if I followed directions.
After I had been in joil about three
weeks Thiol.-, a Pinkcrton detective,
was sent to my place in Oregon and
brought, back my wife and children,
confining them in the female ward of
the penitentiary and where 1 was allowed to live {tart of the time.
Treated as Convicts.
•l>urinj.-*»"fH* time my wife bus been
in tho penitentiary we have boon held
and treated the same us convicts.
Ijast Honda) J. W. Lilian!, an uncle
came to see me and I asked him to
get me some lawyers who would bo-
cure my release. Yesterday afternoon I was culled on by Mr. I law Icy
the chief counsel for the prosecution.
Iluwloy urged me to sign a stutc-
t&Snt discharging tho attorneys employed by my uncle. This I refused
to do. After he left the deputy war-
don hail me taken to tho coll formerly occupied by Bond, who was
bunged thnn. weeks ago, and after
U-ing stripped and searched, was
locked up.!'
Mrs. Adams corroborated much of
her husband's story. It is stated
several sensational proceedings arc
soon to be brought in which several
of tho prominent officials of th«
state will be called on to explain
some embiii rusxing actions on their
In speaking of the parade in Winnipeg on Ijabor Day the "Voice"
says "it was a grand display." A
grand display of what? Animated
commodities on two legs who seized
upon the occasion to display their
sinewy limbs, broad backs, will developed muscles, skill and adaptability to a throng of admiring labor- | affairs.
skinners and profit-hungry buzzards,
as a gentle reminder that the aforesaid commoilities could be advantageously purchased during the succeeding 30-4 days? Or was it a
"grand display" of the asininity of
the working mule, who, having tugged in tho harness of the master for
the preceding S64 days, had no better sense on the one day ln the year
upon which he could not be legally
harnessed, than to grease paving
stones with his sweat by voluntarily
but laboriously dragging his chains
up and down the city streets? To
the everlasting credit of the workingmen of Vancouver tbey have cut
these disgusting "grand displays'j
out. They arc no longer sufficiently
proud of their 8114 days jier year of
slavery to derive any enjoyment from.
The recent homh-throwlugH and
revolutionary activities in Hussia
aro widely commented upon in the
American prow' antl, though the major portion of sympathy is with the
revolutionistm, many are convinced
of the futility of assassination ns a
meuns of effecting reforms. Touching thc attempt upon the Russian
Premier's life the Providence Journal
remarks thut even hud Mr. Stolypine
been kill.-d thu course of history
would not have been deflected in any
way. "He is but un agent in the
hands of ol hers, a man who is endeavoring in all uppurent honesty to
perform a difficult task." The Journal believes thnt "this outrage will
win for him the sympathy of thq
whole world." In tho advocates of
the bomb, thinks thc Philadelphia
Ijcdgor, tho world certainly sees "no
sign of fitness for the direction of
" '    "   To quote further:
rent to them. Says the New York
Press '
"I'he rest of thc world, watching
lhe horror of Russia, has come to
reason that the pOOpto on whose
nocks a brutal autocracy would keep
the soke must fight. They can not
command armies In the field to their
purpose. For the time they cannot
•fleet their revolution with the ballot. They employ the only weapon
on which they can lay hand—tho
bomb of the assassin. Those who
love lilH'rty und onjoy some measure
of its blessings do not endorse tbe
method of terrorism, but thoy concede its necessity. They conceded
this bv ivfusing to cry out againat
what is lieing done to exterminate
tho oppressors. They hope not for
tho success' of the Imperial tyranny
in n-prcssing this f<>n-e of annihilation, but for the yielding of the once
undaunted autocracy to this grim,
ghastly  pructicc of  the Terrorists.
"Does not this attitude of* the
world, we say. warn the Czar that
he and bis are held by civilization
to be beyond 'be pale, nnd thot so.
if the,- persist in inarching their fatal   road,   must   thev   pcrlBh?"
The HOrtford  Courant  points out
that the latest bomb throwing war*
a manifestation not so much against
Mr. S'olypino personally us against
the autocracy whose police is crushing in Its arbitrary severity. We
"If. as Mr Stolypine said, tbe
Russian police can neither I*' disciplined nor controll.sl by those who
ure responsible '" the world for their
conduct nobody needs to feel sur-
prisiil that their official cruelty is
met by kin<lr«-d reprisals, not only
against the lawless little tyrnnt*
themselves, but also against those
higher personages whom the Russian
people naturally bold responsible for
ull acts done in the name of the
The only way out of the trouble
thut the Boston Transcript can SO*
is this. "The autocracy could stop
terrorism by ceasing to be nn autocracy, by frankly r-»-ogtiiring that il
must yield to <iinstitutional progress, and by inviting Ihe tO-opttnr
tion of men like Count lleyden In
the formation of a new Russia "
Otherwise, the Hnltimon* American
feels certain that disaster will finally overtake thc Czar "as sure us
It overtook the hosts that pursued
the followers of Moses through the
miraculous pathway acr.mti the Rod
Sea   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
A number of newspapers also comment upon the (V-ir'n avowed determination to turn over the Crown
lands to peasants According to the
New  York   Tribune :
"At the present time the |>eu-iunt»
not only have not enough land to
live on, but ulso Ihey hnve not all
ihey me legally entitled to. Thoy
possess 83.501.000 dctudatlne* (a
dessiatine is about 2.7 acres), while
under tffb term's of the law of 1801,
by which land wns grunt,sl to them
after their emancipation, they should
have 156,670,000. They arc thus
legally entitled to 73.1 U(000 more
than they have. Whence is it lo
come? It is said the iuq-crtal agrarian commission will presently begin
to distribute 1,800.000 il.ie.iatine*
belonging to tho appanages. 4,000.-
000 belonging lo thc Crown, and 3,-
000.000 belonging to private Individuals who ur-- uttering it for sale.
That In a total of 7,800.600 de-mist ine*. or u little more then one-
tenth thc amount needed. Such nn
offering will not solve the problem.*'
To assume, us do the Czar's advisers, that by this meuns of appeasing the (M-iiNuntry Czardom "can hold
Its own against even tho general discontent of the towns," maintains tho
New York Times, "is the kind of
calculation a smull politician would
naturally make when confronted
with ti largo issue." But the Baltimore American concludes :
"Tho |-eo{.|e havo evidently lost
faith in the promises of the Government and they have also gained,
through the unwilling and lagging
concessions granted or promised
them, an idea, vague, perhaps, but
dangerous, thnt these concessions at*
lieing forced by the Government's
alarm over the strength that is developing among the peoplo. The
popular {Missions, already aroused,
will lie still further inflamed, as probably the revolutionists intend they
should lie. by the assassination of
thoso In high places. No vacillating
policy, now |>uiting down rebellion
with n bloody hand, now appeasing
the lurid hunger of years' standing
in a single dan-OS, will avail to bring
bark unhappy Hiinsih from tho state
Of chaos and bloodshed Into which
it is plunged. The empiro ia a vaat
volcano."—Literary Digest.
■o —
'Union Directory!
month     Beej-rtari-r. U|r„»
v  MM u       Union-  NoT
* F* M    Meeti   rvny £zA
Phoenix     Mlnera
W   ~    	
evening at 7.30 o'clock 1* m; •
Ull. V. Ingram. pSi^
Ptckard. nctntarr.
l; w.a.
J. Kdword Bird.    A. c. Ilryd
K- Met rosin*-..
BARIUOTKR8, 801,11 llOKH, kT,
Tal. 039. P.O. Boa. 083.
MA Hastings St. . . Var*.-„uv
Purty of Caaada ahould rua a uT
under thl*   head,   tl 00
Secret-aria* pl**o* note.
par mot-t
British Columbia Prut, In. i„| Fairy-*,,
Committee. Socinlist p„rty 0f <-,,.
ada. Meets every altf-rrmt. Tim.
day. D. G, McKenzie, Scaean
Box 8j6, Vancouver, li  t.
Dominion Karcailvo CoiiuiiIiuy, fe
clalist Party of Ouada M-rj
every alternate Tu adajr, ). fl.
Morgan. Hecretary. Ill U.-,M<
Street, Vancouver, |i. C
IjoosI Vancouver, No. 1, s. p. „• <,»
ada. Hualne*a meetlnga «•-•*•
Monday evening at !>.> l.-jj-ttn,
Ingleside Block. Ill Crunbla sir-*-,
(room I, second floor) VAna-
Mortal meetlnga every Bunrkj at I
p. m.. In Sullivan Hall, Coram
Btrsot rradertc Perry. Bacrnsq;
Box SM. Vancouver, It. C
Local TUronto, 8. P. of f MlMI «M>
ond and fourth Tuea<!o». SocUiSt
Headquaitera, l»'.'. Quaes Ku-m
West. V. Dole. Secretary, u Htnrj
Sireet Jewish Branch ro*aH mry
Sunday night, aame bill
Local Winnipeg, 8. P. of C, mctn
every first and third Si-ri<i.i> m >*»
Voice office building, -it Ru*»c*!
ave., at 10:30 am j Cc-tm,
Secretary, 2J0 Priocni Stmt
Winnipeg, Man.
fM)   VEAUr
Traoc M.ami
 CorrniQHTi 4c.
*n-MH aa-MHoa; a iM-t. and it.-.' t«
V«fc*tf —asulai oar ori""* rr*» • I "O-w ■
u*m,mntt~f*mS*m*U  SISDOOOt      '-'<«>
aaa* Ira*. (Mast asaatr for •*<->>-».« i»;«.->-
rmitSs MS ikm-l. bm,m h <<• ncrf
aamtanbm ■ataal aha—a. lath.
SckMtflc America...
gnosis ■iirm-aaowa-i aaMr, -.:.«•*
aasaafcm at aa>r fmmumm"Kan*,.   •:•-•»»»
rja»: r<-ar awmOja.It *-*l4b*«:i r--».-<«m
■•iffl tOo ••••^^ New tort
fc«jaAa*jto*fer*«~WM-ii->«< >.i< m
(Continued from Psge One)
menU, In thla Htute wo have aeon
thi factories which employ children
reach out their hands to cripple the
appropriations for the expenses of
the office of tho State factory inspector. The business mun is l-uu,
brought Into a more active conflict
with tho community than ever before.
I had a constituent, for Instance,
wh,, waa tt (!a,l(ly manufacturer,
luenty years ago he simply sub-
HcriiHKl to a campaign fund and In
return was not molestod whon ho
* uu   , U'  mon"l»oll/0  the sidewalks
.-      , ■ .        . ..  -,*'t-h Nklda and trucks from his ware-
change from «1 sympathetic mood to house. Today obaorve tho nc*e, so
ono of hope that so ferori,„IH » crca- In bin duties. There are fa.torv ln^
turo shall fail ir. the attempt to get  •pocton to Wo,   There are pureVfo   I
more  power     into     his own  bloody1'" —   ' -• -      —
The innocent referred to are the
children of the Premier and a acorn
of petitioners and guardn who wore
in tho Premier's villa at the time thc
bomb was exploded. He himself escaped unhurt. This blow of tho ro-
voliitioniHts Is only ono of a long
series enutnomtwl b.v tho Philadelphia  ReCdfd  which adds,  "Terrorists
"The Itusidun terrorist hns his
grievances in abundance. Hc is not
to lie blamed that he chafes under
his burdens; but when he fights with
his chosen weapons and makes war
upon tho Innocent along with those
hc has condemned, he forfeits thu
right to consideration and observers
other more nearly ever) year, il*
line   heia-wn   industry   snd   poUl****.
l-elwi*en l.iiMiii-v. nnd   th. ini'init).
is Mng gradually but surely «*»*
rated. In place of a «••»>. and ''<*■
temptIMe community, th. ;■ oft
thousand piratical buaioc-** ontt*
prises, them ia arising s ctiTimuisitl
stronger and nobler than nn) taae
ness, than all buninos*. put together.
"But business cannot rhaiUf* IU
nature It will still gtruggl< !"r "l*"
clitl privileges. It will at ill, ■•*ul
more than ever, attempt t<> !•""■•
ate politics. lis priwili intei-nitr*
will still i:«Sii|M'l It to nirtagwdn
public Interests. Its strictly individual impulses will still driv< M '•> ',<*
buuch public i.lh< u.i*. mid l.i |ilum!*r
the 1'-iniiiiitiui'iilMi It luis nl»a>»
done ao in thc pnst. It will al*"*!™
do so in the future.   It   «.. : '"'
changed.    It  will be desiro-ed   lu
head  is already  in  the moiitli >>' "*
The      rest
.f    it
insnactori to satisfy. Thorn arc city
compensation ,,KontH to Interview on
the subject of sidewalk encroachments. Thoro aro fedora I district attorneys to ovado in tho matter of
robutoN from tho railroad companies,
where my candy manufacturer's 'business came In contact with politics
nt one point it will now come In
Content with It at ten.
"The    struggle    la  inevitable,  ro-
follow. M^^
"This is nil there Is ol rlocislttni
to my mind. The welfare of prltrsl*
buslneas and the welfare ol the """
•nunity are Incompatible I'rivaW
business, by its nature. mu»l
private and special privileges
Community is being obliged, ill
protection, to undertake the lam-
Hon of business on Its own account
And that  is Socialism
"If you don't bollevo what 1 haw
said you needn't. It makes no 'I"'
aronos, The worst that the utiti-So*
clalist parties can do Is tu "'liiri1
Socialism Thc best that the Socialist Purty can do is somewhat 10 so*
celerute it. Bul It will come anyway, it is automatic. It Ih linl'l"0"'
ing nil around us all the time «
1 havn shown you, it Is not to**"
out of a test lubo In some hocIoIo-
gicul laboratory und administered to
society as 11 kind of hypodermic In*
Jocllon, II is merely the nexl skin
thnt   society   Is  growing.    K   ■■  "*•'
■'Xiieriencn and  observation 01  I
-v Inl'.'
have not  yet.  succeeded  ,n  changing   morseless,     foWdolnoil
thc  character   of  tho tlovernment,' -    -     •
nUairs  thnt   hus  placed  tm
"I huvo seen tho ownership <•' l'"Hl'
ness giving political  power lo ,|,"sl
Who enjoy   it.    I  have wen
gradually   closing   its   gnix|>   ""   ,h"
ownership    of    business.   I. '"'
1^.111 ...... Hull llWIII'l !*"'l
I and tho community    approach each  people.
children," will nee that ownership
transferred bodily to society.
with the ownership ■'■ l'<"tln08?'
which is tho fiindami'tiiiil ''""m,
life, there will come polltirnl Inter
est mid politicul power t<> <•'<* VV'M
'-■'■**- - .vt^day, iimaaa^ 18, i>^.
a tat
These column* have been placed at
t)„. disposal of the Party. Secretaries
ur Local* are requeued to take ad-
i-antaKe of them in, at intervals, reciting condltlona In their respective
nl it les. Communlcatlona under thla
licad should be addresaed to the Do-
Jnlnion or Provincial Secretaries. Lo-
fcul secretaries are further requested to
uk to these columns for announce-
minis from the Executive Committees.
(l« thia means the business of tht
arty will be facilitated and the Dominion and Provincial secretaries
i he-veil of a' little of the Increasing
burden of correspondence.
In order to afford    comrades    an
m»y access to atandsrd works on
i ialiim, the committee has decided
lay in a stock of literature.     Thc
Mowing ate on hand and will    bc
rut  post-paid  to    any    address    at
ires      quoted.      Two-cent   stamps
till be accepted for sums not exceed
L8 as cents:
fi.e Origin of th* Family. (F.
Engels)  60
Pw    Social    Revolution (Karl
Kuutsky)  50
ie World's Revolutions (Ernest  L'ntermnnn)   50
fh« Socialists,    who    they ar*
md   whnt     they     stand  for,
(John  Spargo)   I .50
• Evolution of Man (Bolachs)    .50
■lent     Socialism    (Chas. II.
Vail)   25
liana    Strugs-les    in    America
(A. K. Simons)  10
Ihe   Communist     Manifesto,
Karl   Marx    io cents
icialism,   Utopian  and  Sci-
ntific,  Marx At Enr»eU...io cents
rage,   Labor   and   Capital,
[K.irl   Marx    5 cents
flu   Mission  of  the Working  Class.
9m*.   Vail 051
tcialiitn and Farmers, A. M.
j Simons S cents
[Other works procured to order.
Address the Literature Agent, Box
i.".M. Vancouver, B. C.
institutions,     jkt dosen   t -85
emherahlp cards, each  01
I; i In utl.m blanks    (with plat-
[form)  per  100  26
■••iis  not  yet  having  nominated
e ot convention should do ho at
*<e      Monthly    reports fthould   bc
nt  in regularly.
rhe committee being a stockholder    the    co-operative    publishing
use of Chas. Kerr tt Co., can pro-
re literature for the locals at cost.
Campaign fund receipt books    are
r< .idy and will be furnished   to
Is at io cents each.
Vancouver, B.C., Sept. 11, 1906
Presenti Comrade* Pritchard, liulcn
Leak,   McKenzie,     Pettipiece,   Kings-
lei and the secretkry,
Minutes  reud  and  uflli ini-il.
Th.* following wi'nspondence wan
d.iilt   with :
From the Iniernutional Socialist
Bureau, Rrusaclls, concerning events
in IIuhkIu.
FrOIQ  the   Executive  Committee  S.
P. of U. s., enclosing reporU,
From Winni|M-g local, enclosing
party platforms in German und re-
questing sappllss,
From   Claresholm   local,   requesting
supplies und concerning organisation
work in Atbsrta, nnd from Frsdiic-
toii local, enclosing monthly reports.
Winnipeg local, stumps und
supplies    $ 2.00
t'luresholin In.ul.  stumps  und
Supplies              1.10
11.   (,'.   PrOV,   Kxecutive   Committee,   slumps      10.00
Totnl    $18.10
Warrant n  were ordered  drawn to:
\Vinriip.'i?  local  for  platforms
in   (lermun    $2.'Ml
Wontara Clarion, for ml. apace... 2.00
J. O.
Ml Barnard St.
SEIT.   11TB.
Present, Comrades Kingsley, (or-
gnnbter); Morgnn, Dale*, Pritchranl,
Leah nnd the secretary.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved. Communications read
from Vancouver local. Phoenix local
Boundary Falls local, Fernie local,
llevelstokc local, Orand Forks, Hur-
nett.  Chas.  Kerr ft  Oo,
Warrants were ordered drawn for
the following sums. :
Iiom.   Sec ,   due  stumps    $10.00
Printing  und   ud.   space        3.50
Postage        (50
Organizer make
Fernie  local   ...
I'll.H-lllX III.  ill
Vancouver   local
Organizing fund
made   to
a   trip  to
huve   the
ihe organising funds. Further or-
|:.nlztna tours are under con tern pint tion
funds are available. Further sub-
• rlptlons  are  therefore  urgently  ao-
ited aa, with the great Interest thnt
nt present being manifested In So-
lallsra, no better time could be found
fir spreading the propaganda and
iuiidlng up the organisation.
The following sums have been   roil ved to date:
*.ilim-e on hand $2160
Wade,  Port Harvey    6.00
Tntnl    -.
Forward all contribution* to
The following amounts received up
irvftrasly    acknowledgi-d   ...$I10.8<»
.1. Curry       •«•&<»
It imiii-ss meeting held Sept 10
Comrade Pritchard in the chair.
Minutes of previous mooting read and
approved. Communication from the
Provincial Secretary re selection of
the sent of the forthcoming convention. All mernbors requested to bo
present nt-T..'-st meeting to vote on
su me.
Warrants    ordered   drawn for the
following   amounts :
Kent  of headquarters  $10.00
Rent   of Sulliwin  Hnll       3.50
Cleaning headquarters  50
Literature agent     1.75
admitted  to
Tiithl   $120.80
It has been decided by the Provincial
pxectitive to build up a central fund
lo be used in generally assisting in the
Joining campaign tna more especially
lor the purpose of printing tna distributing campaign literature.
All comrades wishing    to    collect
!"t this fund should at once apply
o the provincial secretary for a re
eipt book.     No effort    should   be
pared in building up this fund.
The following amounts received up
to date:
Previously acknowledged  114.60
j. p. ....;. „ ... so
Two Clarion subs..'.     100
Charles  Iji ing    «
Comrade Ernest Hums was appointed chairman for next Sunday's
meet ing.
Collection  Sunday,  Sept.  10...$ 7.70
Hues        1.75
Literature sales  for thc week... 1.75
Total      $11.20
Report received nnd mooting adjourned.
Tho mining partners of the late
Tom Smirl are anxious to lie placed
in communication with Wm. Smirl,
brother of deceased. For particulars
address, A. Shilbind. Sainton, 11. C.
Other   pollers   please   copy.
It Is said that over $400,000,000
has been K|n-nt on automobiles in the
United States during the past three
or four years. This no doubt accounts for the painful seureity of la-
Ibor under which the employers of
that country ure suffering. Most ot
tho working men spend their time
riding around in their automobiles
instead of maintaining tho "dignity
of labor'' by working.
Forward all contributions to
Vancouver Local.
•T.   D                        	
..    1.00
Frederick Perry, Secretary.
The Commoner: "Tho Chicago Record-Herald says that Henry Philips,
the Pittsburg steel king, pays $500,-
000 a yenr for tho exclusive uso of
„ deer park in Scotland. Tho Record-Herald puts things wrong. The
American people pay $500,000 a
vear for a .leer park in Scotland and
give Mr. Phtpps the exclusive use
thereof." The "Commoner" also
"puts things wrong.'' The American
working class {.ays for the aforesaid
"doer park." The balance of the
"American people," never paid for
nnvthing in nil their useless lives
All of which goeth to show that
when the blind load the blind neither
of them know "where they are at.
(Continued from Page One.)
tells the politicians what to do or
not to do so, and, despite the United Mine Workers of America, handles the miners in the anthracite region with as much severity and
treats them with about as much consideration us the Colorado Fuel and
Iron company accords its slaves in
tho coal fields around Trinidad.
Miners Merely Serfs.
The people who dwell in the anthracite region, including even those
who reside in the. cities, while tbey
may not realize it, are ns much the
vassals of the Temple Iron and Coal
company as were the ignorant peasantry of the middle ages slaves to
the mighty barons who lorded it
over the peoples Of llritain und Germany and France, President. Baer
unbluahingly declares that Ood, in
His Infinite wisdom, has given the
coul lands into the keeping of himself and his pals, and that it is the
duly of the coal monopolists to exercise a protectorute over the-people
who work the mines. And the pity
of it is Ihnl thu people- themselves
humbly acquiesce in this "divine"
arrangement uh the natural, inevitable und stomal order of things.
Heretofore the different railroad*
worked ihe mines together, according
to a "gentleman's agreement," violating ihe law with undisguised impunity; it is now the declared intention of the companies to charter the
Temple Iron and Coal company to
legally mine coal in conjunction witlt
its railroad operations. The object
of taking out the charter is to avoid
Complications that may arise incase
the interstate commerce law should
lie brought to bear upon the iniquitous trust. The Temple Iron and
Coal company now holds the people
in u sort of unlawful slavery; when
the new charter is secured the slavery will  buonn- legal.
More than 70 per cent, of the miners   in   the    district   are   foreigners,
comprising twenty-five or thirty  nationalities.   The Huns and Slavs are
in the majority, with the Italians a
close second.   Then follow the Sicilians, Finns, Russians, Poles, Swedes,
Irish,  etc.    In  the  northern  part  of
the district  flourishes a considerable
colon)   of   miners    from   Wales    and
Germany.   An American is a curiosity in many places.   In a walk along
the promenade that borders the Susquehanna  river,   in  Wilkesbnrre,  last
Sunday     ufternoon,    the  writer saw
hundreds of men, women and children
lounging    around     on   tin    rrnss.   or
sitting on  the  benches  of  the  park,
and  he failed  to  find  a native  born
American in the lot.   The spot where
the people   were   sunning   themselves
was formerly the site of a fort erected  in the eighteenth century  to protect the colonists from Indian depredations.    Thc fort afterward  became
a   render-vous   for   American   soldiers
during the war with  Kngland.     The
Indians nre gone and the Revolutionary war was recorded in favor of the
United   States,     but   there  were   no
Americans     present   Inst   Sunday  to
glorify   Wilkesbnrre   park   with   their
presence;   they,  too,  have  gone,  nnd
in  their stead  is heard  the gutteral
utterances of many  foreign  tongues.
.Character of Foreigners.
But  it  must   not  be thought   that
the   intolerable  conditions  that   prevail in the anthracite region are tho
result   of  the     import ot ion   of  these
foreigners.    The average foreigner is
a  more anient  lover of  liberty  than
is the native American.   He is a better union  man.  and    will    put  up a
mure determined fight for his rights
than   he  who  is born  nnd  bred  this
side of the Atlantic.   Were it not for
the  determination     of  the  foreigner
not   to  accept   the  lowest  wages,   a
much  reduced  wage  rate  would  prevail in this country.   There is a cer-
tnin   town   in   the  southern   part   of
thc state where there are no foreigners whatever.    It  is an  agricultural
community,  and  the people are    all
Americans.    It  is declared  that  foreigners   will   not stay   in  thc   place
because wages ore so low.   The Americans  in  that town  today  are actually  working  for  pay  that a  foreigner would scorn to accept.
When given a rifle and stationed to
guard thc mines during a strike the
American becomes a very useful citizen. He receives little pay for thia
unholy nllinnce with the corporation
to crush the aspirations of labor,
but think of his importance as a defender of the "sacred rights of pro|i-
orty." He can wear a revolver,
carry a carbine, strut around and inflate hia chest over tho importance
of his j-rb—little docs thc poor, miserable, degenerate descendant of the
revolutionary fathers know of thc
ronncquonceR of his act! Would that
he could Im- made to understand that
every shot fired nt the "dago" will
certainly react ngninst himself! Oh,
that some power could teach the
American mine guard that in accepting the rifle to protect tho property
of the boss he is tnking his first step
toward class suicide! When the
troiu'tajery of the American toward his
class, as exemplified in a thousand
strikes from the Homestead massacre,
to the present day, is considered, ono*]
must necessarily he ashamed to admit thut hc was born an American!
Between thc average dog and the average American working-man, for lovo
of liberty and tho spirit of independence, one must take his hat off to
the tlog!
Although tho majority of tho miners in the anthracite coal region arc
men of foreign birth that is not the
reason they nre now existing amidst
almost unbearable conditions of industrial slavery. It is not a question of races or nationalities ; it Is
a question of ignorance and prejudice
and superstition. During the recont
suspension of work by 'ho United
Mine Workers it was not he foreign-1
ers the officers of thc union feared
would scab in tho event of a permanent strike; it was the American element of whom thoy wore afraid I
As Bad as Colorado.
Much has lioen said nnd written
about   tho    Industrial  nnd  political
situation in Colorado! and the picture has not been overdrawn; but
the condition of the working class
in that- state is no more degraded,
nor is corporation brutfelfty there
more hideous than here. If there is
uny difference, the mine workers of
Pennsylvania are even more ignorant, more enslaved and more stupefied with superstition. Here are hundreds of thousands of persons just
hanging by the slenderest kind of a
thread to the poorest sort of a
measly animal existence. It is wonderful how human life will struggle
for expression—will put forth the
most desperate efforts to keep froiu
passing away. In the miners' quarters of the larger towns may lie witnessed sights of squalor and scenes
of misery that, absolutely defy description. Most of the women and
all the children never feel the touch
of a shoe to their feet during the
entire summer; antl in winter it is
suid, many of the families of working miners, in lieu of shoes, merely
wrap their feet with empty meal
sucks, and tie them with strings !
In the town of IjOttimer it would
appear thut the lowest plane of poverty has lieen reached. By actual
measurement the average streets are
twelve feet wide, and the houses are
flush with the streets. There are no
sidewalks; the people, in their passage, take the middle of the road.
And the houses! To attempt to represent them in words is hopeless.
Miserable little frame buildings
thrown together in the cheapest
manner imaginable, devoid of comfort or convenience, they are not
houses for human beings; they are
scarcely fit to shelter cattle. Back
of each house is a little patch of
ground, where vegetables are grown
—and" whut ff farce these gardens
are ! At each street corner is sunk
a well to which the women and
children come with pails for water.
There are no bath tubs in the
houses, and, question as I might,
I failed entirely to ascertain whether
or not the miners ever enjoyed the
luxury  of a  bath.
we aoUctt uie Dullness ot sMnuiacn-rers,
En-rineera and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
Iiy Experts. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Oar tsventor'a Adviser sent upon
request. Marion Si Marion. New York 1,'feEMg,
Wcm-rcal; and Washington, IJ.C, U.&A.
Some who started early are now selling ten
g copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents §
a copy.   Send to   us for circulars and wholesale X
The book is now ready for delivery. 9
.    r*
9 Pnces    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Many complaints are reaching thia
office from subscribers who fail to get
their papers. In some instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually ln type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints Justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity in the
performance of their duties, even if
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of tbe Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify this office. Hissing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
Its repetition in the future.
sbwing machine;
For the
Having been authorized by
tke publishers of tbe Western
Clarion to receive sobs at tbe
regular rate-$1.00 per year
and apply one half ol all money
received to tbe Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yeurs for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 830, Vancouver, B. C.
Use publication of periodicals of
eery description Is a specialty with
Tlie "Clarion." Telephone or write
fc-r estimates. Every facility for such
work, and promptness aud satisfaction
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3,75.
Five Clarion sub. cards—-$3.75.
by buying thia
reliable, booest,
high grade i
National Sewing Machine Co*
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
|    Victoria   Advertisers    j
o o
Colonial Bakery
a* JohtvsoB St.. Victoria. B.C.
Dallvarad to say part *f ths elty.   Ask
Orirsr to call.    *Pa*n» Ms.
Do you know w* Mil from 10 to 36
cant* cheaper than our competitors.
-Foze jr. CHArar
TS Ctvtrtatat Strwt, Vlclsrl*, 8. C
MwriKlinr al
? Ns. I Culrt St.
■*■  X
what the Party Is doing on tbe Pacific
Coast of the  United Statea,
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For tho Socinlist Party and By the
Socinlist Pa*-ty."
Ten weeks, ten cents; one year, 50 cts.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUR HAT see ta It
that the Genuine Union Label Is sewed in It. II
a retailer has loose labels In his possession aad
otters to put one In a hat for you, do not patronlc*
him. Loose labels In retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label' la perforated on I'our
edges, exactly the sume as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some Units perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
ol Philadelphia, Is a non-unJon concern.
JOHN A. MOI-'FITT, President, Orange, N. -I.
MARTIN LAW LOU, Secretary, 11 Waverly Place-,
New York. •:*»'.
^rrj%gk ;,'
SATURDAY. M&PTEltBER 16, i&oo.
® Edited by R. P. FETTIPrECE, to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed.
For this reason the Socialist Party
Kives    expression    to    the   workers'
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ economic newts und  requirements;  it
What  a Political  Party Must  be to liters  into   their    daily     lives ond
. ...     -r. _„!„„ .„.| points the way to industrial freedom.
Represent and Oive Expression to
the Needs and Requirements of
Enslaved Ijibor—Why the Revolutionary Program of the Socialist Party Fills ,he Bill.
The tendency of Government
throughout thc capitalist world is
certainly toward industrial administration.
It is indeed interesting to live in
these days. Signs arc not wanting
that interesting times are in store
for those who live for another ten
years—the most interesting, perhaps,
in all  history.
Ever since thc dawn of human
slavery the way is lieing paved for
the  ultimate  freedom  of  mankind.
As chattel slaves, foudel serfs, or
as present-day wage-slaves, the
workers have struggled from the
cradle to the grave in order to live,
and bear and rear the slaves to follow in their footsteps.
During the process, however, the
growth and development in society
has lieen making for a common end
—industrial freedom.
Today we arc living in.the transi-
tionary period between capitalism
and socialism.
There is ample evidence of this fact
on every hand.
The rapid transformation of property ownership from individual to
partnership ; partnership to firm ;
firm to syndicate ; syndicate to company; company to trust ; trust to
combine, has dispossessed the working class and landed society well on
to the road of socialism.
With the means of life converted
into capital, the function of which is
to rob labor and produce for profit
only, the forces of nature have been
so utilized and production so perfectly organized that little remains
to bc done by the working class but
change the form of ownership and
commence producing for use instead
of profit.
This act would solve the problem
which confronts labor today, so far
as material things are concerned.
Wage-servitude would forever cease,
and the fear of want would no
longer be the propelling force.
No fear need bc expressed of men
losing ambition or. individuality by
such a change.
To get thc best work out of a
horse  we feed and  care for it  well.
Why not try this means on members of our own tribe?
Why should there be any distinction
between our access to the products of
labor and the water which wo drink,
or the air we breathe? All three
are essential to the use .md life oi
men and just as bountifully provided  by Mother Nature.
The accomplishment of a program
which would make such an economic
system possible can only be achieved
by seizing the reins of government
and writing the law.
This, of coutse, necessitates a political party distinct from and opposed to all parties standing for the
present system of property ownership.
The International Revolutionary
Socialist party is the only organization on earth which Alls the bill.
This accounts for its rapid growth
the world over, while other political
movements seeking to reform decaying capitalism arc quickly disappearing.
The average man of today never
stops to think of the fact that every-^
thing there is no profit in is already
collectively owned and maintained—
though the wage system still prevails
and must so long as capital dominates.
For instance: the postoffice, railways, highways and roadways,
canals, wharves, bridges, harbors,
steamship lines, school system, militia, Judiciary, jails, penitentiaries,
asylums, parliamentary and public
buildings, experimental forms, scientific research institutions, universities, fish hatcheries, bonuses, labor
bureaus, foreign commercial agents,
prop and weather bureaus,, exploration expeditions, re-timbering of
lands, senators, old-party politicians, etc., ad lib.
As a matter of fact the government
of thc day is but the executive committee of the ruling or employing
Could anything lie plainer?
When Socialists demand that thc
means by which workingmen live be
made collective projierty, of course
there are objections raised—and, unfortunately, not alone by the men
who profit through the present form
of property ownership.
This makes the educational work
and existence of the Socialist Party
necessary; for until a majority of
the workers ask for the change at
the polls, there will be none, and the
proletariat must continue to suffer
under the lash of wage-slavery in
Workingmen are getting sick of being bought and sold by a master
class just the same as old junk ; and
more especially so since the price of
their labor-power (wages) is regulated by the same inert :ilesa laws of
market—supply and demand, with tho'
cost of subsistence as tho irreduciblo
They want to lie treated with as
men, not labor-power |ieddlers, in
competition .with Chinese, Japs and
diseased Sikhs.
points ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
There is no p ower on top of
earth thnt can stop its growth or
the achievement of its principles and
lu thc last provincial election the
Socialist Party in British Columbia
had candidates up in ten constituencies. In only one of these—Vancouver city—were there any other
candidates purporting to stand for
Labor. Over 5000 votes—24 per
cent, in the constituencies represented—were cast: two wero elected, one
defeated by lt votes, and others
easily took second place, three of
tho old party men losing their do-
For the next election tho Socialists
will have a full ticket of candidates
in the field in nearly every electoral
riding in the province, and the prospects for the election of twelve of
these, at least, seem most encouraging.
This should be conclusive evidence
that the Socialist Party is "the"
Labor party in British Columbia.
Tho legislative wing of trades unions throughout Canada, th* Dominion Trades and Ijabor Congress,
meets in Victoria next week. One of
the subjects on the program for discussion is "independent political action." How many "independent"
parties are there already in the political boneyard? Consult Ralph
Smith, A. W. Puttee, the Calgary
and Vancouver trades councils, or
the ghost of Chris Foley's P. P. P.
Before making a decision the delegates to that body would do well to
reckon with the factors noted above.
the greater the bulk of capital in
private control, tho greater thc necessity for the "boss," and tho
larger the premiums for his "indispensable" services.
What applies to tho railroads applies to all other departments of
weulth  production  and  distribution.
Modern "business" has developed
the modern "boss," and the evil will
not be remedied by assuulting the
The peoplo aro receiving their first
lessons in the true menning of "(boss-
ridden" politics. Many of them ore
beginning to analyse thc "boss," and
as they proceed, they observe the
economic origin of this political species ; and, when the people at length
understand the Rource of the "boss"
rule, as thoy surely will, they will
put an end to it, not by exchanging
bosses, but by abolishing private
peoperty in social necessities.
Standing Committees Struck—Council Decides to Rc-atiiliate With
Dominion Trades Congress, and
Will Send Its Full Quota of Delegates—"The Interests of the
Workingi-lium Alone" to bo Their
(By Eugene V. Debs.)
As well established and quite as
necessary as the industrial "boss" is
the political "boss" in the existing
social system. His business is to run
the political machine, not in the interests of the people, or even of any
kind mainn NMNMNM NMN GMNM
particular party, but in the interests
of the private controller of the social
need, whose economic interests conflicts with that of the people, and
who must, therefore, control the political machinery so as to obtain control  of government.
The political "hoss" is the creature of the modern capitalist ; he
was spawned in, and has developed
with, the capital system, and is as
necessary to that system as is thc
capitalist  himself.
To turn out one "boss'- is simply
to make room for another.
"Down with the political boss!" is
the cry of people who mistake the
effect  for  the cuuse of their ills.
There is but one way to get rid of
"boss rule" in politics, and that is
by abolishing the system of private
ownership which produces him and
snakes the few the 4je*v;f.ciarie:: of the-
countless iniquities visited upon the
great mass of the people.
No "boss" is in politics in that
capacity on his own account. The
"boss" must have the "boodle."
They are inseparable. Without
"boodle" there is no "boss." That
fact is plain.
It is also clear that the "boss"
does not furnish the "boodle."
Who does?
Aye, that's the question!
Turn on the searchlight in that direction and you will be horrified by
the  revelation.
You will sec that private interests
ure thc enemies of thc public weal ;
that trusts and corporations deliberately pollute the political fountain
and contaminate all its national,
state, and municipal streams ; and
that the principal perpetrators of
these crimes, in which the political
"boss" is but a -mere puppet, are
representative capitalists, financiers,
and promoters, most of whom arc
also recognized pillars of the Christian church.
These, and not their repulsive political "boss," who is simply their
political walking delegate, are the
real enemies of the people' and dc-
bauchcrs of thc nation's morals.
Political parties express the economic interests of those who belong to
them. Men do not join parties that
oppose their material  interests.
Politics, therefore, is simply thc
reflex of economic conditions, and
men arc active in politics, primarily,
to advance their material welfare.
The capitalist is thc private owner
of a  public  utility.    The capitalist
owns it  but docs not use it,  while
the people use it and arc dependant
upon it, but do not  own it.
Take the railroad, for illustration:
the capitalist who owns it wants
profit,—all he can get,—even on watered investments. He insists upon
high fares and rates, but draws tho
line at accommodations. Thc people
on tho other hand, want low rates,
cheap fares, and better accommodations, and when they attempt to
assert their collective interests,, as
the pooplo, against the private interest of the capitalist, who owns tho
railroad, by the introduction of ordinances in the council, hills in the
legislature and in congress, the
work of defeating them, and of seeing to it that no friend of tho people and no enwniy of the corporation
shall be elected, becomes tho special
function of the political "boss;" and
Thc Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council was well attended last
meeting. President McVety presided
and Secretary Perry, Treasurer Birch
and Statistician Burns were in
Two new delegates, Mr. Swartz of
the Cignrniakera' and W. J. McKay
of thc Typos'  were obligated.
President Johnson of the Victoria
Trades and Ijabor Council, and Geo.
Payne, business agent of the Builders' Laborers' (Vancouver) were present to urge affiliation with the Dominion Trades Congress.
The report of the executive committee was approved.
Standing committees for the ensuing term were named. The parliamentary and municipal committee
has been combined and is composed
of the following : Messrs. Pettipiece,
(chairman); McKenzie, McConnell,
Bruce, Kernighan, Mcisaac, Currell,
Huerlc,  Smith and Fritch.
The special Ambulance and Telephone  committee   reported   progress.
A motion that the Council re-allili-
ate with the Dominion Trades Congress was unanimously carried. Likewise, that the full representation of
three delegates be sent to attend the
1906 convention which opens on the
17th inst. in Victoria. After the
voting, the following delegates were
declared elected to represent Vancouver Trades and 1-abor Council :
Mark Beach, A. O. Perry, of the
Streetrailwaymen's Union, and R. P.
Pettipiece of the Typos.
The delegates were instructed to
vote and work for Ijabor interests
There was no mistaking the desire
on thc part of those present to see
some sweeping changes in the personnel and    policy    of the National
The Union Label Ijcague movement
was left over till next meeting, when
a committee will  bc named.
Mr. Dings arose on tho morning of
Labor Day with a glad smile on his
"This is labor's greut day," ho
said to himself as he dunned his
"This is the day thut American
Ijiibor shows its freedom, its lndqpai>
deuce and its prosperity. I'll march
with my union in the parade and
show my independence and strength."
Mr. Blnga then started down stairs
whistling a merry tune. When ho
reached the dining room. Mrs. Bings
remarked :
"Well, going to march today, are
•Sure, my dear. We are free American laborers and must show our
strength und independence. This is
our day."
•Uhuh!" said Mm. Bings. "I've
been noticing this strength and independence for some time."
"My dear, you tulk as if you had
doubts iibout   it."
"Well, it strikes mo thnt it would
be lietter if your boasted indepen-
dence were scattered out a little
more over the whole year."
"What do you mean?" queried Mr.
"Oh, nothing much. Only I heard
you growling a few months ago because Judge Grubberly issued un injunction prohibit ing your union from
picketing the factory when you went
on strike against a reduction of
"Yes, and it wus a most infamous injunction, too. It wus a disgrace to "
"•Disgrace to whom, Mr. Bings?
You voted for him because he was
the nominee of your purty, ond when
you did it you knew thut Grubberly
wus the choice of all the capitalists
in town. Hut you whooped for him
and wore a Grubberly button and
swore that every working man ought
to stand by the ft. o. p. becuuse it
protected the working mun.f
"Weil,   that   wits  a  mistake.      I'll
not "
"Thnt reminds me," interrupted
Mrs. Ilint-s. "that the legislature refused to enact into law that bill thut
was endorsed by thc union lust winter."
"Yes; the members sold us out on
that bill. The corporations bought a
lot of them. The workingman can't
get a thing from the law makers
these days."
"That's funny: I heard you say
during the campaign that the g. o. p.
nominees wore all friends of the
working man. You carried a torch
and whooped it up for Jones and
Brown for state senators, and you
called those who opposed them enemies of the cause of labor. Yet
Jones and Brown led the fight
uguinst your bill."
"I know it; they were traitors."
"The sumo thing hupi-.-n.-d two
years before, nnd every two years
since I can remember. Vet you keep
right on voting the ticket the basses
name for you."
"Now  look   here,   Maria.      I   ain't
goin' "
"Yes, you nre, Mr. Bings. I'm going to observe Labor Day myself,
and in my own way. 'And my way
is to tell you a few things you
ought to know. I can't vote,
but     I'm a       part       of      this
family, nnd my part is going to insist on a change. You joined the union because you said it would help
to enforce your right to have some
choice in the disposition of your iu
hor-   you  snid  Ihe smniaytt t-.-d    no
Cascade Beer   sells all
Queen Beer      Over the
Ale and StOIlt     Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
Cor. Abbott <ka Cordova Sta. Old Co*. Building.
i ..<   ....'■
(Upton Sinclair In New York World.)
Once upon a time a great-hearted
woman set forth thc sufferings of th0
black chattel-slave and roused a continent to arms. She had many
things in her favor which cannot be
counted on by him who would paint
the life of the modern slave—the
slave of thc factory, the sweatshop,
and the mine. The lash which drives
the latter can not cither be seen or
heard ; most people do not believe
that it exists—it is the cant of the
philanthropist. aad the political convention that it does not exist. This
slave is never hunted by bloodhounds;
he is not beaten to pieces by picturesque villains nor does he die in
ecstasies of religious faith. His religion is but another snare of the
oppressors, and the bitterest of his
misfortunes; the hounds that bunt
him are disease . and accident, und
the. villain who murders him is
merely the prevailing rate of wages.
And who can thrill the reader with
the tale of a man-hunt, in which the
hunted is a lousy and ignorant' for
eigner, and thc hunters are germs of
consumption, diphtheria and typhoid? Who can make a romance out
of the story of a man whoso one life
adventure is the scratching of a finger -by an infected b'utcher-kiiife, with
a pine box and a pauper's grave as
the denouement? And yet it may bo
just as painful to die of blood-poisoning as to be beaten to death ; to
be tracked by blood-hounds and torn
to pieces is most certainly a merciful fate to that which falls to thousands every year in Packingtown—to
lie hunted for life by bitter poverty,
to be ill-clothed and badly housed,
to lie weakened by starvation, cold
and exposure, to he laid low by sickness or accident—nnd then to lie and
watch while the gaunt wolf of hunger creeps in upon you and gnaws
out tho heart of you, and tears up
the bodies and souls of your wife und'
babies.—Socinlist Review.
Anyone having a copy of The Clarion, No. 251, will greatly obligo tho
publishers by forwarding to It. P.
Pettipiece, 25 Tenth Avenue, East.
Needed to complete file.
right to arbitrarily fix your hours of
work and your wage. That's all
right. Hut at the same time you
sit right down and let a lot of cheap
skate politicians name the men you
think you huve to vote for, and when
you get a snub from the legislature
or an unjust, injunction from a judge
you holler your head off. But you
don't strike on your party. Not
much. You'll go on strike to uphold
a union principle, and you'll let me
and the children go hungry. But you
wouldn't strike against your party,
even when you know it's giving you
the worst of it."
"But you don't understand, my
dear, about-—"
"Well, if I don't understand it your
way I'm glud of it. When your
party gives you the worst of it you
shrivel up like a piece of bacon killed
in the dnrk of the moon and don't
strike against the |>arty bosses. You
throw out your chest and march like
a free and independent working man
on Labor Day and on election dny
you jump when a party boss cracks
the whip, swallow any old political
dose mixed for you, and then think
lvYou are it free man. You arc going
down town now to parade with your
union, and you'll talk loud about
'working men standing together.' In
a couple of months the whole bunch
of you will ho pulling and hauling
aguinst each other and culling it
'politics.' And while you are doing
it, a lot of jim crow politicians -will
lie getting all the cream and leaving
you the skim milk. Mr. Bings, you
make me tired."
Mrs. Dings, I'll .not listen to such
foolishness.   I'm a free "
"Free nothing; John Bings! You're
a slave—a slave to your party. If
you had sense enough to vote as you
parade you wouldn't have to swear
at traitorous legislators and servile
judges. Now hike out for thc union
hnll und get ready to parade. You
think you'll be parading your
strength nnd Independence. A lot of
cheap politicians who stand on the
curb and applaud you will lie laughing in their sldeves because tlu-y
know you arc parading your ignorance and your weakness. Yes, the
children and I will bo thore. The
children will think their papa is all
right and I'M not toll them any bot.
tor. They'll find it out soon
QVABTRB8, Sept. 0—At the session of the State Executive Committee. Sept. 1'th. two charters were issued. Both Incuts wero organized by
that indefatigable worker. Emit Herman. Comrade .1. II. Hurkley. candidate for congress, Ih to tour tho
Sound country, lie has thc following dates : llucklei. 17; I'uy-illiip 18;
Tucoiim. 19; Seattle -JO, Everett, 31;
Snohomish. 23; Arlington, XV, Sil
vumi, 21. Ana.orl.-N. 2">.
Emil Herman will spend some time
in pioneer work in Whitman Co.,
and then he will probably go back
into Stephens Co., where he has
given  great  satisfaction
It is expected lhat .lohn Cloak, of
llellinghaui, ,1. 0. Ilrown, of II.*-
ipiium. Alma I'pton of tioquiam, W.
.1. Fisher of Lvle. mid W, J. Turn-
lilin, of Spokane, will fill dutes during the campaign. If locals desiring
M|>eakcrs will communicate with this
office, giving sulll. i.-nt time, it is I*-
licvcd that almost uny dale can be
Clark Co., held its convention on
the 8th inst., und put a ticket in the
field. King Co. and Pierre Co. It-old
conventions on the 0th  inst
Skagit uud Vukitim Cos. will hold
conventions on thc 15th inst. Much
agitation is going on In ull parts of
the state, und reports arc very encouraging.
The old slogans of the political
hacks ure losing their power, and
the incessant challenging of the Socialists ih causing the wily politician
to keep on the -dimly side of ull real
"Knificr  Bill"   has discovered  that
thi'  |«eril   to  ho  feared   Is  not   •"yellow," but icd.   Undoubtedly 1*. I.mis
tha*. way trom where '-llill" r.L>..•<•».
That old song that "Jesus paid il
all" is now out of dgtc. as It
has been discovered that Utter lias
always settled the bill.
South  Africa Now Reaping the iu-
wurd of Bloodshed and Plunder
In th« Interests of (laid Mine
A recent wage-slave armed I rum
South Africa, where so many .lam
phool    Canadian     workingmen   m-t
v-.rll-di-Herv.-d death, "while fighting Ins
capitalism's extension  and   freedom
to  morn  brutally   rub  labor,  «*>»
"Tlhings are In bod shape hi
Johannesburg. Although gold is bring produced in largo quant iti,*a,
hundreds of people ore almost starving, and business is in a despersta
And this excerpt from the patriot'*
daily press I
J. Ramsey MacDonald. Ibe Ijalior
member of the British House of Cum-
molt* is now making a trip lur.-sa
th.* Dominion of Canada, and lo New
Zealand and Australia, for the purpose of studying labor condition*, as
well as the legislation of the varum*
countries. By *«> doing he mill nn
doubt gather much valuable Information te guide him in his fulum wort!
as a member of Parliament. There
is, of course, nothing in the labor
situation in England worth-, nf
study or from which sound legislative conclusions could lie drawn, nnil
besides this, it is conslilered fnshuin-
abie to go abroad to finish one*!
An unemployed demonstration
presenting 4,000 men, women
children on tha verge of starvation,
took place in Bristol, England, recently. This in the good old summer time at that. What, it will Ire
like next winter is not difficult to
imagine.   (Irent  is "our" empire.
"I like Socialism fine, hanl lha
honest ami apparently unromntitic
mechanic, "but I don't want logive
up  my   Sunday  paper."
"01*0 up your Sunday p*|ier,"
said the agitator, "I don't see N«»
Socialism la going lo affect your
reading  matter."
"Maybe ll won't yours," replied
the victim of iiipitnl. "bul I've nut
no accustomed to reading Snappy
Doings in Smart Bet: They Bump the
Humps in the Vandergould Dining
Boom, and 'Mrs. Astorbilt's t'oiu*
She lias Enough to Fill a Hash Ilu-
sin' and 'Life History of Eighty
Pi-en-KWH Who Were Memliera ol the
Original Florodora Sextet,' end ..II
such thnl I riunno what I'd do if you*
waa to remove the pomp red
X       HARDWARE art
if Second Hand Dealer:;
Cook   Stove*   ood   Tools   *
< \  Specialty.
< ' We have a large quantity of
\ [ glass fruit jars for sale. Pints,
i > 50c per dozen ; quarts, 00c ;
! > and 2 quarts, 70c.
Stores—137 and 138 Cordova
St. E.
Hardware, Junk and Furniture.
i 'Mmm im      Vaictgw, I. 0.
Hand-Made Boot* aod Shoes to order in
all styles,   kepalrlns promptly and neatly done.     Block 01  ataple ready-made
Snoea alwaya on hand,
•*?*» vMramtJtmt***wt**T emtTef* etavyttm*   w t***w*tmr*\
Hint I* copies, 6 cents: <
copies, SS cents; 16 copies. 60
cents; 40 cople*, 11.00; 100
copies and ovr, 2 cents i»'r
These rates Include pi.nt.i-,"-
to any part ot Canada or the
United Kimjdom.
i "The Western Clarion'
Itrtat Class liar.       KsceMent H<->»'**•
Price* M«lcr*l<>.
A cheap way of bsatwr TO;'^
matter)  is by tho Hakim Heater, which uses gns lor fuel.
ThlH TTontor is gotten up in tho shu|ie of a grate fire, but the
Kits loirs are filled with water. After tho water is heated ths gas
is turned almost off and tho hot wnter throws off a comfortable
even heat at a vory low cost.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.


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