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The Western Clarion Mar 17, 1906

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 HE WESTERN
<S    'l
XXL \W
RIO
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
mmm\ 364.
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday, March 17, 1906.
■aker rt Mien *rlee
raatSA*
THE PROVINCIAL LAW-SHOP
ittert of More or Lett Importance Oealt With by Local House
During Closing Week of Session.   An Open Letter,
Re Incidents of the Meat Trade.
JPBOTIOR    OF    HLAUGHTKU
HOUSES.
Hawthornthwaite's    Revolution
Carried.
Sutuidu>     last   Mr.   lluwthoru-
bite  iniiv.-d   'ho  following   nMJplu-
jiemaii    the   ci.nditioii ol certain
lute slaughter hOUaea in ihi** Pro-
ymh     as  tn  endanger    the
Imi of the coiiiiiiuiiit) .
krefare, l*- it Bsaotfas, 'Itiut   in
[opinion ol this  House the   G(.v-
■ui   Should  take  into  bUBtntliete
|hk-ration   Hum.'   method   ihnt will
<tv  this condition of  affairs.
iiuuiiioi'ii'hwnii.- epanktmg   lo
;>rl   of     Ml'-   resolution   Mini   ih.it
ch  of  ilu-  ti   lately  had taU
I   up in discussions on   Kanii   Is-
and   oilier  cont.-nliuiis  matters,
things   of     more  viiul   iiuporl-
:lu  the welfare of Lhe |.*opl<-had
lost Hitt-ht  uf.    This iimller  was
gn-uli-M     -Importance  to    the
of Hie (M'oplc. and il  was well
tn   Unit   Ihe  condition  ot slungh-
puaes in this province wus not
ii should be     it would at the
inn.-   Ue   incorrect    to   sa>    thai
kivate ehttighter bunaea wero noi
rh      . omliHt.-il In      fuel      he
thnt most of Iht'in were
|li*t] \er.\ car. lull;., and wilh
liew ts9        pi in.it inn        -ml.lir
Ih He taken     it   wus     so     in
town town, whore lha lnsi*v-
r..|»-rl on the pi.-miw-s of M<"--
ll.-iiiariH & W«msl...v. -4iow.il
f's to i»- on*- of th.- vary cheat m-
llitms of th-- kind in the pro-
Neverih. teas it had tx-tn
I. Iiy e\|*.*i'H-iiie. and had In*, n
pi hy report*- lhat private
■r hottaaa on thn whole   were
fr.imtticlv.-   to   the   public    health.
-..'.>• Ihul. he would onl> re/.T
to  the    year  book  of  the  In-
Stales lor lb-si. This report
|iiitt\ j-r<ivi*<i that private alaugh
rmeea  to  a     gr.-nt   eMent      were
jtolaadttte,     nnd     whnt   w,<»   aaid
r.-ganl 10 that  country,   to    a
tin extent  pravailed beer.      Th.-
rt sluleil after reviewing nil the
■tion* thai ■ well r>-*rulut.-il sys-
tot slniighi.r hoits. s was as rw-c-
fy lo h.ialih 1" samlation Sn the
■choots, or any other met ho.I
[-venting ih<- aproed mt InJecUom
intiii-iou-. diseases, 'llle s«U* 1,'
Ire or dis.-ns.-d meal gov.- rise
lie spread of tut^-riiilosis. dilthth-
and other bacterial ili-.-us.-x. iwnf
Md    t»-   goatvJad    against m..--'
Ngentlv.
jki -.In.w  thnt  in  Uritish  Columbia
Man  by  no  means  free  from dan-
of   this   kind,   he   redd   n    letter
E.   ft,   Dvnes,   uf  Ons-nwoiMl.   u
|l Known ond reepectaMe man who
undoubtedly   incited   hy   hansel
i-onsci.-niious motives in writing
letter,  and  drawing public     »t-
Uoa to ii  in this wny.  srnoe     it
..\ideiit    that    few people icnew
•hing about   it,
pie letter rend  no follows:
AN OPEN LETTER.
residents of Oreenwood and vicinity and thus.: whom it may
concern:
\n this letter it   is my  purpose  to
lU- known a law fuels of vital un-
)rtauce    to     all     residents of the
jndary.       A   few, perhaps,   have
leu ted  that the . ondtUbaa  1    am
out  to  relate  have  prevailed,   hut
|e    majority    are not    aware  that
ere    has been    anything   seriously
rong.        I  have     earnestly  striven,
win** a greater    part   of the   pust
»r  to  make known   to you     these
cts,   bul   for  many   reasons   (which
fcia    letter will  explain)  my  efloris
avc    been  unsuccessful.     Many    .if
»u, no doubt,  remember tbe plague
hog-cholera that  prevailed  in  tho
Pcinity    of   Greenwood during    the
limmer of tfKKl, and that Dr.  Armstrong,     Hominion   (loverninctit   Vet-
lliery   Surgeon,   quarantined  hogs  on
two  ranches,   and   that   these     hogs
were  afterwards  killed and burnt   hy
His    order.       The     plague,   however,
does not  appear  to have been     coii-
Ifint-d  to    thc  ranches,   hut   hogs   at
|P.   Hums  &   Co.'s   slaughter     house
-.ere also diseased.     I  was nt     this
limn  in   their  employ   and   therefore
had an opportunity of knowing some
ling of the conditions Hint prevuil-
kd.     Prom about'the tenth of     Ap-
[11  until early in  August,  three car-
Dads of hogs,  all  more or less  dls-
•d   were    killed and sold.      Hog
rrals were    carefully looked     over
|ly and if any hogs showed   nymp-
|s of disease,  at first opportunity
were killed and dressed for  the
jfket.       In i pursuing this   course,
[Joss sustained by the company,
j very sm**11.     AtHlmes. however,
Juickly  would  they sicken     and
||wo or three would be     found
the evening, although,   that
nornlng.  all  that had apliear-
Jy or diseased hart been Ull-
U this time,  the local ollt'-lnls
ally concerned lest the pub-
Id in some way learn of   the
■ prevailing, and they took
eaulion to provide   nga'nst
iltingency.
'.you    can     <>asily understand";
dressed pork soon begun to accumulate    tax-aiise,     the    demands of the
Boundary rt-tall market -cure not suf-
nsaaiij^o make use of the,supply   of
ihat was being killed     almost
.    (\At a solution to the difficulty,'the Work of curing was   started,
und in this way hams, shoulders and
Hides were disposed of, while the remaining portions were sold by retail.
As 1 stated in the first part of my
letter, Dr. Armstrong, Dominion
Government V. S., quarantined hogs
on two ranches in the vicinity of
Greenwood, und were afterwards destroyed by his order. But, the curious fact is, how he learned of the
disease bi-jng prevalent on these two
ranches without knowing that the
hugs at 1'. burns &. Co.'s slaughter
house, were also diseased. However,
the fact thut in One case the hogs
were the property of men in otdinary
circumstances, ttnd in the other of a
firm of monopolists with millions at
their hack, might probably explain
the mystery, Hut, no doubt, many
will wonder why I did not attempt
to expose this matter then irt.st.-ad
of waiting until last November. Of-
U-n have I since regretted thut I did
not do so. hut delay, I admit, was
raus.it by my own weakness. 1 was
in exactly the sume fix ns all the
rest of the company's employees wbo
raw thes.- things I.-ing done without
muUing any protest, for to luiv.*
made a protest would hnve meant
loss of employment. Hut l refer
to this more fully  lutrr
(in July 22, ItWlH. tt storm visited
the Boundary t;r.*ek valley, which
wsui of suflicient violence to upset
the smeller smoke stalk, break large
plute-glass windows in the Itut-ael-
1-ftw-t'aulfield Co.'s stor.', nnd do
other serious damage Four ol
Burns' cattle which had been struck
hy lightning during the storm were
dressed as soon as possible after
their condition wns noticed nnd then
brought to Greenwood inoiket and
■old. This b>*ef prescnt.il a very
dark airpeerautv nnd was disposed
of in various woys. but for the most
part wos made into sausage. One of
the bant looking .jparters was
sloughed off on a near-by mining
camp, but the cook was forced to
throw the greater part of it away.
It might not t,.. uninteresting to describe the appearaaoa <>f the diseasjd
pork. It was cover.il to a greater
or less degree with red spots, iotas
•jiiit.- smull, others about the .itv of
ii five-rent pi.*., while some were as
large us a <iuurter A few of those
most afflicted with the disease were
almost literally covered with these
red spots. However, when the rind
or skin would be rut oil, it Would
be difficult for any customer to detect symptoms ol disease. So you
can easily understand 'hat naturally
the COBlpany look eveiy precaution
to provide nguinst this meat being
Men. Ik-fore I go further, let me
impress upon you the fact that dur-
IheM- three or four months of the
summer of 1908, three carloads of
diseased hogs were disposed of by P.
Burns & Co. and were consumed by
the people of the Boundary. Tlie effect upon the health of all thc meat-
caters can easily *«> imagines. It
might, perhaps, lie difficult to estimate how much disease might be
traceable to this source.
In the spring of 1U04,  the disease
again broke out, and as the weather
became    wuriner     grew     worse and
worse.     Nothing   batter could  be  expected  when  the hogs  were |nit  into
the same liens the diseased hogs had
been  in  a  year  previous,   and     they
. could  not oilier  thnn catch  the con-
! tnglon.     Competent   medical  uuthori-
| ties    state    that     the disease germs
; will  remain  in  pens  nnd yards     for
, years    and     thut    the only  way to
I Stamp  out     the      disease  is  to  burn
! down  nil      promises     where  diseased
j hogs huve  Is-en  kept   anil  not.    allow
I any    hogs  to  Is-  brought  within     a
certain distance of  said premises for
a suited length of  time.     So,  in tha
apring of  l.'O-l  hy  putting hogs   in
pens  whiih  were contaminated  noth-
i ing   was done in   the  wny  of  taking
'precautions to K"n,''l against disease.!
\ At   times when  only  one hog uppeur-
|ad  likely  to  soon  die  it   was    killed
' and skinned:  the same course as had
been    ptirsited     in   1008.     This  was
done  rather   than  go  to  the  trouble
•of  heating  water   for  scalding     pur-
Iposes.        During     the early   part   of
, duly   the  disease  was milking     such
ravages   thut   tin'   local   management
had  decided  to  kill  oil all the hogs
then   on  hund   (about   thirty-five     or
forty) and attempt  to   slough   them
off as quickly  as possible. This plan
was not  eatrlod out for the following reason:      Some    of   tho disease!
meat   had  been  sent   to  the     Union
Meat Co., l'hoenix. and tlu-y promptly reported the fact  to lho Dominion
Government V. s.. who quarantined
hogs on Sunday, duly 10, and order!
fed  them killed and burnt  a few days
later.     However,   it has  lieon  stated
by tho*.- who Informed the Inspector
of the fact  of P.  Burns &   Co.,  wiling diseased  meat,   that  it   was  witb
tne utmost  difficulty thnt the itisjn
tor  could  be  pteMiileil  upon   to  take
action. Alter {quarantining tho
sliutght«>>--l">llH'' l>f**inif*»*H for ten duys
no further action was takwn, nnd after this period, hogs wero a".iin
brought in, put In the sunie contaminated pons and slaughtering went, on
as usual. The Inspector did, however, order the premises to be whitewashed, but this order was not complied with for almost two months
afterwards.
I    shnll    now endeavor to explain
why    1    did not  at tempt  to expose
this matter before. During all thia
time by remaining in the company's
employ without making any protest against the evils toantioned, I
was acting against the dictates ol
my conscience. A little more than
a year ago I determined to live up
to my convictions in the matter, at
any cost and so settled the matter,
with my conscience that the public
health must be safe-omarded against
further risks by a repetition of the
evils before mentioned. Accordingly,
early in thc month of November 1
left the company's employ, not without milking known to the local management my reasons for so doing.
These last few lines explain the on,y
reason I have for writing this letter.
Some may say it was because ot enmity, spite, malice, or something of
this kind that I have acted in this
way. Nothing could be further from
the truth. During the almost two
and a half years that 1 waa in the
employ of P. Burns A Co., my relations with the local management
were always harmonious, and nothing ever came up between us that
would induce me to do as I have
done. Personally, 1 would have preferred to have let the whole matter
drop, but. I felt it to be a duty I
owed to you that you should know
tbeae facts. With this thought in
mind, and considering a local medium to tie the best, I prepared an
open letter stating all developments
to that date hoping to have it published in one of the,local Boundary'
papers. After drafting a letter, .and
before presenting it for publication,
I consulted with Mr. J. R. Brown,
M.I..A., 1 told him of condition*that'
had prevailed and of what 1 waa try•»
ing to do in the way of exposure-
He said he considered it quite right
that facts should be published, and
that he saw no reason why my letter should be refused publication.
Nevertheless, it was refused first by
thc Boundary Creek Times, and later b.v Uie Phoenix Pioneer, giving aa
their reasons, fear of libel suit, etc.
1 told Mr. Brown of reception at the
'hands of the local exchange, and he
; suggested that I send an affidavit to
Ithe Department at Ottawa, setting
forth the conditions that had prevailed and also write them explaining my position. This 1 did, and th-n
\ reply came back that thc matter waa
[not under the jurisdiction of the Do-
j minion depart ment 1 but that my letter and affidavit had lieen forwarded
to the Department of Agriculture,
Victoria. Mr. Brown was then in
Victoria attending the session of the
! house, and 1 wrote him telling him
| of this fact. In his reply be stated
, that he went to sen the Hon. B. G
| Tat low. Minister of Agriculture, who
ihud said that he had received com-
jmunication from Ottawa enclosing
\affidavit made by me respecting con-
jditions prevailing   at    T.    Burns     &
Co.'s  slaughter-house     premises     at»
Greenwood.
He said, however, that the Health
Department waa under the jurisdiction of the Attorney-General he had
turned over the matter to him. He
(Brown) had then made encfuiry of
tbe Attorney-General and found that
he in turn had turned over the matter to Dr. Kurgan, who is the bead of
the Health Department in B.C. Probably he turned it over to some one
else for there the matter ended, and
1 got no reply from any of them.
The trouble is, our official Governmental machinery won't work. Here
we have an instance of officials
knowing of wrong doings but each
apparently afraid to make a move
and by shifting the responsibility
from one to the otber, the whole
thing ended in a miserable fizzle.
Then you ask why write this let.
ter? Why again attempt what before ended in failure? It is becauae
I realize that wrong and unjust conditions continue to prevail, and
which the people of British Columbia should change and could if they
would. It is obvious that the conditions related in this letter follow
as a natural sequence- of the present system of society.
The management of P. Burns A
Co., in the carrying out of the designs related in this letter, thought
only of the profit to \ lie derived from
their manipulations without any
consideration for the health of the
public. Had their business, in matter of diseased meat been carried on,
on a sane sanitary basis it would
have meant a decrease in profits.
But as under our present system of
capitalist greed the whole object is
"profits," "more profits," "greater
profits," and everything else, coa-H
ecience, man's duty to his fellowman,
and every principle of honesty,
truth and justice is trampled under
in the mad rush for wealth.
Although there can bc no permanent remedy under our present system, we must erect all possible safeguards. What havoc might not be
wrought by the consumption of diseased meat in thc spears that will intervene before the inauguration of a
co-operative commonwealth. It is
necessary that we pay particular attention to the needs of the present,
and demand that the interests of the
people be safe-guarded. I feel confident that such interests will not be
fully safe-guarded 'in the way of the
public health until a system of regular inspection' of all sIausJhter-hou.se
premises by competent health officers is instituted.
At present, although we have inspectors, there is no law compelling
them to attempt anything in the
way of a regular inspection of   such
(Continued on Page Three.)
DEBS SOUNDS A WARNING1 NOTE
Ringing Words Catted Firtn by the Evident fnrtttt nt NHnt toning Capitalists tn Murder (.•dais nf the Western
Federation nt Ulnars.
As    an    example   of   cluss   hatred
[what is transpiring in '.'oloratto    U>-
|da>   exceeds  in   brutal   ferocity    any-
Ithing   recorded  in  history.   L'ponmi-
Idenes   which  wo  honestlj   believe    to
be-    trumped    up, spurious and purchased    by    the  tyrant cluss in the
i.Slate,     men     ore     being    hunted  to
[death   with   a   keen  vicious  pleasure,
j dehumanizing to all concerned in this
I devil's work.     Hell, in seven U-aKl'od
| boots  out head hunting  would    not
I be an extreme description of tbe vile
crusade against Moyer and Haywood
and if harm comes to these men we
must suppose    human    nature to be1
something very  different from    what
we know  it to be if wo are not prepared   to   hear   of   terrible   reprisals,
and  tho    state  being  turmxl  into   a
little  Russia.       There is a  breaking
l.iiiit in human nature, ev«n the wis-,
est,   where    all   rational  and pacific
methods fail,  and    men are   thrown
back on animal ferocity.    This point
must    have  b**en  nearly   ranched    in
Colorado.    Let the results be changed to the    class  that  has provoked
them.
ger and  low-down  vulgarity    of    Uie
YWlow Press of  America.
"But   what     has  this  to do   with
jou  and  Socialism,"  did you ask?
.lust this, it is one of our postulates, verified bv history and common experience, that as the rulin
class'grows more arrognnt gnd pow-i
erful. more separated in its interests
irom thc useful and more rational
mass of humanity, it of necessity degenerates and amon-r other character-,
istics it developes an offensive vulgarity. It is just as well to cite a
concrete case now and then, hence
this.
The latest and boldest stroke of
the plutocracy, but for the blindness
of the people, would have startled
tlu; nation.
Murder has been plotted and Is
about to be executed in tbe name
ateI   under  the forms of  law.
Men who will not yield to corruption uud browbeating must be ambush.•<!. spirited away and murdervd.
That is the .-diet of the Mine Owners' association of tbe Western
states and their Standard Oil backers and pals in Wall Street, Sew
York..
These irory-bt-aked vidtures are to
pluck out the heart of resistance to
their tyranny and robbery, that labor may Is- stark naked at their
mercy.
(Siarlefi Mover and Wm. I). Haywood, of the Western Federation of
Miners, anil their official colleagues
—men, all of them, anil every inch
of them—art* charged with the assassination of ex-Governor Frank
Steum-nberg, of Idaho, who simpl-
raaped what he had sown, as a mere
subterfuge to pounce upon them in
secret, rush them out of the State
by Special train under heavy guard,
clap them into the penitentiary, convict them upon the purchased perjured testimony of villains, and then
strangle them to death with the
hangman's noose.
it is a foul plot; a damnable con-
Bpiracj ;  a hellish outrage.
The governors of Idaho and Colorado sa> they have the proof u
convict. They are brazen falsifiers
and venal billnins, the miserable
tools of the mine owners who, them t
selves ti anybody docs, deserve
gibbet.
Moyer, Haywood and their comrades had no more to do with the
ussussination of St.-uncnlj.-rg than 1
had: the charge is a ghastly lie, a
criminal calumny and is only an excuse to murder men who are too rij.
idly honest to betray their trust
and too courageous to succumb to
threat  and intimidation.
1-ul.ot leaders that cringe before
the plutocracy and do its bidding
are apotheosized; those that refuse
must be foully murdered.
Personally and intimately do 1
know Moyer, Haywood, PettiUone,
St. .lohn and their official co-workers, and I will staku* my slife on their
honor und integrity; and tbat is precisely the crime for which, according to the words of the slimy
•'sleuth'' who "worked up the case"
against them. "they shall never
leave  Idaho alive."
Well, by tbe gods, if they don't
the governors of Idaho and Colorado and their masters from Wall
Street. New York, to the Hocky
Mountains had better prepare to follow  them.
Nearly  twenty years ajgo  the caPi
talist     tyrants     put  some innocent
men   to   death   for   standing  up     for
labor.
They are now going to try it
again.     Ivet  them dare!
There have been twenty years of
revolutionary education, agitation
and  organization  Since  the  Haymar-
at tempt la
will be a
all in    my
ket     tragedy,    and If an
made to repeat it,  then"
revolution and I  will dn '
power to precipitate it.
The crisis has come and we have
got to meet it. Upon tne iwssaa involved the whore body of organised
labor can unite and every enemy of
plutocracy will join ue. From the
farms, the factories and stores will
pour tbe workers to meet the red*
handed destroyers of frodjuiii. the
murderers of innocent men and the
arch-enemies of the people.
Moyer and Haywood are our comrade-., staia-h and true, and if mm to
not stand by them to the shedding
of the last drop of blood in our
vein we are disgrarvd forrv-Hr and
deserve the fate of cringing towards.
We are not responsible for th* bv
sue, It is not of our seeking. It
has been forced upon us; and tor thn
very reason that we deprecate violence and abhor bloodshed wa ennnot desert our comrades and allow
tbem to be put to death. Ii thev
can be inurdiered without cause. So
can we, and so will we be dealt with
at the pleasure of these tyrants.
They have driven us to the wall,
and now let us rally our forces aad
face them and fight.
If they attempt to murder Moyer,
Haywood and their brothers, a million tevolutionists, at least, will
meet tbem with guas.
They have done their best and their
worst to crush land enslave vts. Their
politicians have betrayed ua, ttetr
courts have thrown us into tail
without trial and their soldiers bays
shot our comrades dead in their
the' tracks.
The worm turns at last, and so
does the worker.
Let them dare to execute their devilish plot and every state in this
union will resound with the tramp
of revolution.
Get ready, comrades, for action'
No other course is left to th* work-*.
ing-t-lasn. Their courts arc
to us except • to proa-ounce uur i
To enter their courts is simply to
be mulcted of our meagre manna aad
bound hand and foot; to have our
eyes plucked out by the vultures that
fatten upon our misery.
Capitalist courts newer home maaa,
and never will do, anything for the
working class.
Whatever is done we must do ourselves, and if we stand up like man
from the Atlantic to the Pacific nnd
from Canada to the Gulf, we wiU
strike terror to the cowardly hearts
and they will be but too esiger tore-
lax their grip upon our throats and
beat a swift retreat.
We will watch every move they
make and in the meantime prepare
for action.
A special  revolutionary contention
of the proletariat at    Chicago,     or-
some other central point,
in  order,   and,   if  extreme
are re- uiired.   a general  strike could
be ordered and industry paralysed as
a preliminary to a general uprising.
If  thc plutocrats beatin     the
gramme,   we will end it.
ECGENE V.  DEBS.
You would resent being robbed
of a nickel that had . once been in!
your possession, and might put tip ml
tight for a quarter; yet with perfect
docility you daily siiUnit to the deiu-
onstrated fact of ot leivst'two thirds
of tho value of your labor product
being transferred to thfi jniciu-ts of
| your masters, one kind or another;
th.-**- constituting a class for the
most part that performs no hecen-
sary or useful social service.
Yes,   it
nomics.
pays  to  study  Social  Kco-
It might  not  increase your
and systematically you aw robbed;
Jftit it would or should stimulate yon
to  intelligent  political   action.     The
Tho run of tho sockeya--piscatorial—this season is like tho  10 	
a ea*io, problematical! but the run
of human sockeyes into the nonunion this spring, is all that the can-
ners nnd consumers of human goods
could wish. Advices from Winnipeg
state tho inrush is .earlier than over,
and the number prolific in the extreme, ns usual too, the quality of
the goods are stated to be better
than ever. The hearts of the ship-
para and consumers of the commodity man, an- thus made glad, and
their    organs,   both   Wooorldly    and,
Provincial yap-yap their little echoes| the goods under all conditions,
to the big guns of tho capitalist j wag.* slave is his own broker
press in Winnipeg. Many of the Poor
deluded and unfit among incoming
immigrants will go up the avenues
of exploitation in the west ami like
tho  salmon  spawn  out  their hearts.
and die.
.   .   .   •
According to the announcement of
the human bull on the streets there
is a paper in the city "that prints
tho facts" and its name is "The
Woorld." a kind of politico-evangelical sheet, "prepared only for thufreai
families." Of .course a working in n
can subscribe, if he can spare tho
price. For some reason, this.'nfriontf
of tho iK-ople" (Carlyle) bos been
conducting n crusade against the
dopes medicinal, whereby half tho
people in tho community ruin thoir
health; not an unworthy effort in
its way; but this busrnoss off its
hands, might we not. expect, in all
consistency    n    crusade uguinst    the
mentaj  dope by  which nearly all tb|
community is  poisoned?     Instead ol
this,     wo    havw    tho    great    round,
"Woorld"    announcing    itself in IU|
own blatant and'pol-bollied wav    a4j
intrinsic worth to the community, if
a worker can live on $85 a lawyer
should live on 85. or less. The one
is an indispensibJe producer; the
other is n producer—of trouble, for
the most i»art. Ihiring tbe French
Revolution, M. Foulon t,a Bowser of |
bis time) said, "let the people ent
grass." "Ln I an terms" cried the j
people, and Mons. F. was accordingly hung from a lamp-post. But it
might tie as well to get Mon. .Bow-j
ser's formula for keeping a family I
comfortably    in  the City of Vancou-;
peace of mind    to know how subtly  ver on $8S a month, if the said for
inula does not fill too many foolscaps, and cost too much. Might en-j
i||iire at the sanii
thor's well known clear, inrialsre,
style, and has proved a helprol informing book to students everywhere
The volume ends with these
nant and aJmost prophetic worda
"Theory, as such, be it »c*W>tiffc
'-'or philisopstical, must cade U> ths
-'all-absorbing questions of practice.
"The student as he lays (down
"little volume, should he by
"take up a newspaper, will rnvaria-
"ably light on accounts of great
"strikes, of armaments, of the atnag-
"gle for colonies called Umperial at-
"pans-ion, of the vast ravohittonary
"movements,    etc.,     all   of     which
point to one thing, when followed
time~what it costs "out »» *» thcir bearinga. the
change from a dull slave te an Intel**   to  run     tbe Bowser  household.    just|
ligvnt     rebel    is one of  the greatest
transformations conceivable.
'lhe change from chattel slavery to
wage slavery consists i>ntu'iimlly int
this. Tho chattel slave was sold byj
his  master,  who  was responsible for|
The,
who)
sells himself by the hour. day. week
or month, responsible all the timo|
for his corporeal condition and of
those de|iendant upon his siiccoss as
a broker. Bid you never use nor
hear the phrase, "my '.inn- is not myI
own?" Did ,vtm evor reflect on the
degrading and inhuman facts that
such a phrase  implies?
.... j
A good many objections have bean
taken    to    Com.     Hawthornthwaite,.
both  inside  and  outside the   House.
I, too, have a little crow lo pull.   I.
(inject to tho length of his name. uad|
now thnt Jim is about bo receive his
sessional  Indemnity,   l  think 1   shall
present  my bill  for  extra twne     and;
ink expended in writing it  so   often.:
I suggest, that  ho dispense with   tho
last syllable,  making it  Hawthorn.—
good  Old  name—This  will  be  rotttii.-j
ing Ihe inisiness owl, for of a   truth
both Vie nnd Parker must hare   been
Hnwfulthorns   to  some or  most     of
their colleagues.     What  do you  say,
.lini?
....
So  Bowser,   lawyer  and  kagialator,
for  comparison. i
....
To make- the right to work a so |
rial right, and secure to the worker the social value of his product;
those  may   lie  termed   the  irreducible
liiiiinimiiiii   of   Socialist   l-jconomics.    I
dy approach of the great "claaa
"struggle." I/Pt him ponder and
"bethink himself of the part even he,
"or if not he, hi* children may ba
"forced to take in the reaohstsjon ei
"that great living contradiction—
"the contradiction between individu-
"al and society—expreaaed in what
"we term Modern Civiliiation.
A SOPIAI.IST I-HIIjISOPHF.H.
The relation of   F.rnest  Belfort Bax,
It is reported that the Army
Navy officers who were invited to the
Club."        CapiCulirad     at     100,000 live    very    well    on    186 u month,   tie  filly   - nl ed a     ttXHton ^   oliVdio-
*obU,^Sffumm M«»W I »™< ro? Bowser-     Gauged by thrir[»oi*y.       " I- written   in the   au
to tho Socialist movement of Brittaiq l*te farce comedy at the Whit»tfluead
is probatilv not famiWar to every So* | known as the RooHevelt-I»ngWDrth
cialist in Canada, and a word or t wedding, were greatly puzzled aa to
on tho subject might be of interest* the proper dress to wear upon that
I jki- Hvndman, Burrows and Crane I auspicious occasion. From a plc-
Bax is a cultured man of the classes I ture of the female Roonevelttui pro-
one of the founders, or very ear'jj geny garbed for the oeremoniee It
members of the Social Democrat! would appear that in order to be
Federation, he remains steadfast, al
ort and active as ever. As an essay
ist ntul man of letters generally Ba
enjoys a European reputation, and is
par-excollenct the philosopher of tho
niovetiv-tu in Britain. A volume of his
essays should find a place in th
book collection of every Socialist
thoir rending wtiuld give, that broa.4
or, itrcmjjsr touch needed on thii-ic.oi*#
tinont to bring it into closer uni-scal
with I'.urope and promote'that worl ,
wide solidarity anui co-operation for
which wo all hone and strivs-. '■
Some eighteen years ago Bax wig
commissioned by Bohns, of London
to write for their philocophical series, a "Handbook to the History of
Philis.»phv.        The   work    was    well
properly dressed for the event
pin-headed warriors should have had
tbe rear portion of their nether gar-
mests rufficiently slack to admit of
their dragging about seven feet upon
the floor behind them.
EVERYBODY TAKE NOTICE.
A meeting will he held in 8uIHv**,b
Hall, Cordova Street, on Sunday
evening. Mar. IS, in camtnrmomtios
of the Paris Commune of 1871. Bv-
erybody welcome. Good speakers-
Admission  free.     Bring your friends.
With over 1100 miners kiilnd hy a
gas explosion in a coal mine in Northern France, the terrible rinks ae-
sumed by the thittvlng capitalist
clasa in the operation of industry ia
once more emphasised.
S:'
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1 thi ^i*&» du&iori, VAMCfttrvisfe. mm* ooLtmttiy, ,
BATURbAV    March IV, io0fj
. i
I
i
'4 f "
Ilie Western Clarion
Published every Saturday in tha
Internets of the working class alone
at Use Office of the Western Clarion,
Fleck Block basement, 18S Hustings
Street, Vancouver, B.  C.
SUBSCRIPTION:  SI.00 PER ANNUM
Strictly ln Advance.
Yearly aabeciiptloa cards In   lota
of five or more, 76 cents each.
Advertising rates on application.
It you receive thia paper, it is paid
Address all communications to
: The WESTERN CLARION
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
1. JL      '.1.1.
365
Watch thia label on your paper. If thia number ia on it,
your aubacriptloa expiree the
next Issue.
SATURDAY,      March 17,  1906
IN THE JUNGLE.
In that powerful story "The Jungle,." by Upton Sinclair, the author
has vividly    portrayed some of   the
more hidden beauties  of tbe present
system    of    wealth production that
has, as its sole   motive   the making
of profit out of the toil and    sweat
of an outraged and plundered working class.    The scene of the story is
laid-, in Packington,  that suburb   of
Chicakjo, in which is located tlie huge!
slaughtering and packing establishments    of what is commonly   known
ae the "Beef Trust."     Not only are
the conditions and circumstances under which  the slaves of capital live
and toil in  this particular   industry
clearly depicted,  but all  of  the vile
and loathsome    practices  of modern
up-to-date business    most    glaringly
net forth.     From numerous   sources
comes evidence that Mr.  Sinclair has
not exaggerated,     but has   confined
himself    to    well  within the actual
facts as they occur in the daily routine of the industry in question.
The sickening, tale of the slaugfcter-
*aw Hx,  diseased    cattle,    hogs and
sheep and the converting of the car-
caanes .Into  ' saleable-products  to  be
idrtppeJl''to'all quarters of.tho globe;
the utilization for the same purpose
of  the    bodies    of cattle,  hogs and
sheep that have died in transit;  the
working up into sausage of all   the
scraps and floor sweepings—including
dead •  rats  and  the excrement;    the
chemical  treating of old,   moldy and
putrefyinb  stock,  thus  converting  it
into .-form to deceive the innocent purchaser into the belief that it is fresh
and wholesome; ail of these practices
and many    more    that are inf utility
worse and mora loathsome and disgusting are told with a fidelity   to
detail    that    imprints    them    with
stamps of truth.    The horror of   it
all can be    realized only by reading
the book and giving close attention
and.thought    to the    story it   sets
wth.      Let   etvery reader of   these
plines, procure a copy, and while read-1
ing be careful to remember that   it
seta forth    but the logical working
out of the present system of property that   ie based upon the   plunder
of enslaved labor.
While the horrors of the jungle of
modern business,  as exemplified     at
Packingtown, are so graphically set
forth by Mr. Sinclair, let us not   be
deluded by the thought that British
Columbia is outside the confines   of
the jungle. There is more than sufficient evidence at hand to show, that'
the vile    practices charged   against
the "Beef Trust" capitalists are not
entirely unknown within the    pious
atmosphere of this favored "nuk of
Ota woods."
*ip. tne    Western Clarion of    Sept.
28, 1905,    was published an article
by    James   McGregor,    of Victoria,
calling    attention    to the fact that
diseased cattle were being slaughter-
led and sold in the markets of British Columbia.
'''■■rSfs    letter   excited    no   surprise,
nor'   called   forth   any    unfavorable
comment.      It   is   therefore    to   be
presumed that it contained   nothing
that     was     not    already generally
known.    As no particular objection
to the practice has yet been made,
we are led to believe that tha slaughtering of cattle affected with tuberculosis, lumpy-jaw, and other vile
diseases, and the selling of the meat
to the consumers, meets with general approval. Such being the case,
Mr.' McGregor's effort to warn bis
fellows'of the danger to: health lying
behind such' loathsome practice appeal's to be "love's labor lost."
The readers' attention is sailed   to   from the jungle.
the report of the proceedings of the
legislature at .Victoria, on first page
of this issue. It will ute noted that
a resolution was brought in last
week by J. H. Hawthornthwaite,
dealing with the inspection o slaughter houses aad peat products. As
one ot the reasons for introducing
the motion, Mr, Hawthornthwaite
read from the floor of the House an
open letter to the people of Greenwood and vicinity, written by Mr.
E. W. Dynes, and which, by the way
had been refused publication by various papers to which Mr. Dynes had
offered it in the interest of public
health—which furnishes most 'striking confirmation of the charges already made by Mr. McGregor, in regard to the slaughtering and selling
of diseased animals
|show that Packingtown practices
have at least, in some instances,
been fairly well counterfeited oil this
side of the line.
The charges made by Mr. Dynes in
The charges made by Mr. Dynes in
his "open letter," will doubtless appear serious only to those who are
afflicted with a weak stomach, or
perchance, possess a ridiculous prejudice against this glorious profit-
mongering system. To the lusty
stomach believer in "individual initiative," "incentive," "-wages of abstinence," "'wages of superintendence," and the other wise provisions of capitalist property,
Mr. Dynes' complaint will pass
unheeded as the frothing of
an anarchist distur-tter, who
would undermine society and turn
our civilization back to the barbarism of our ancestors who ate their
meat, not only raw and fresh, but
unseasoned with the delicious tuberculosis, the savory lumpy-jaw, and
the toothsome hog cholera. What
there may be of either truth or falsehood in Mr. Dynes' communication,
we do not know. That may be settled between the parties concerned.
.So plain and straightforward are
Mr. Dynes' statements, however, that!
they bear the imprint of truth. If
true, they furnish a most scathing
commentary upon a system of property that makes of wealth production a gamble for profit, and the
lives and health of a people merely
its instruments.
Capitalist property is essentially
an unclean thing, as it .is based upon
the plunder of the wealth producers.
While it is beyond question that it
cannot be made pure by any process of legislative jugglery, it is
still possible for the common people to ward off some of its more
vicious tendencies by concerted aad
energetic action. The next session
of the Provincial House will occupy
its time-with matters of far less importance to the common people of
the Province, than the inauguration
of measures looking to a proper inspection of slaughter houses and
slaughter house products. If the peoplo of this Province should perchance
not relish being fed upon meats from
infected cattle, hogs, etc., they could
easily kick up as agitation that
would compel the local legislature to
at least make some attempt to erect
proper safe-guards against such evil
practices as Mr. Dynes and Mr. McGregor allege to be prevalent.
In publishing Mr. Dynes' letter we
do so merely in the interest of the
public health. If the practices set
forth by him prevail, tbe sooner they
are stopped the better for the victims.
We have no attack to make upon
any particular firm or concern.
That which one capitaliat or capitaliat concern will resort to in-order
to secure the sacred profit, they will
all resort to when opportunity offers
and that too, without compunction
of conscience or consideration of morals, ethics, health, life or even common decency. All of which vicious
tendencies and thousands of others,
are inherent in capitalist property,
and cannot be eradicated until the
wealth producers arise in their might
and wipe out the accursed) thing and
its brood of infamies.
The people of the Boundary a* well
as other parte of the Province will
do well to follow Mr. Dynes' advice
and make such emphatic demand upon their representatives in the local
legislature that these alleged infamies will be again brought before the
.next i session of the House, and some
safe-guard erected to prevent their
repetition in the future.
lhe only safeguard that can be
erected to effectually protect human
society from the multitude of infamies that flow from capitaliat property and its thieving motive of profit, is for tbe workingclass to return
only such- representatives aa stand
for the program that will relegate
the rule of capital to Oblivion along
with the other unsavory and unclean!
things that have gone before. That
is the program upon which Mr. J.H.
Hawthornthwaite "and Parker Williams have so valiantly fought during the last three sessions of the
provincial House. The Socialist
program.     Tjhe program of labor.
When thnt program has won out,
and been incorporated into the life
of nations,    humanity will    emerge
WHAT THEY DESERVE.
The manner in which the committees of Congress are temporizing end
trifling with the Employers' Liability and Ami.Injunction Bills—copies
of both of which appear in our February issue—is not only disgusting
to all fair-minded men, but an affront and insult to the nr.ny of railroad employes that handle the great
transportation industry of the United States. KotwithatanJiii; tlu.t
these are administration measures,
the principle of which is • -comm n.l-
ed by the president in his Mount
message to congress, and lhat U»v
involve tlie well-being of h'.iel-. i-ds of
thousands of wage-earn--rs of high
intellectual standard, and occupying
positions of the most grave responsibility, .certain members of these committees are acting as though neither
the measures themselves nor the interest af the men and their fami-
It also goeato1**e8 invo.ved are worthy of even respectful consideration.
The above is an extract from an
editorial in tho Locomotive Firemen's Magazine, entitled "Contemptible Trickery." Just where the contemptible trickery comes in we are
unable to si-e. These Employers'
liability and Anti-Injunction Bills
are entirely uncalled for from the
standpoint of the employing class,
and just why their representative in
congress should lie expected to even
treat such ridiculous measures with
respect,   pas-seth  all  understanding.
The ignoring of theso proposed
measures, even though they are administration measures, by tho present congress is by no moans an insult to the "army of railroad employees," nor need it appear disgusting to any fair-minded man
When an army of workmen, railroad
employees, and others, aro so devoid
Of sense and lacking in manhood as
to cringe and crawl at tho feet of a
handful of masters and a-sk for favors, either legislative or otherwise,
they are insult-ffroof. Though intended insults wero hurled at them
their thick hides would prove impenetrable.
The representative of capital are
justified in treating all such measures with contempt, if the working-)
mom became convinced that a betterment in their condition may be arrived at by means of certain legislative enactments, let them go about
it in a sensible manner, by not only
sending to the legislature thoir own
represent at ivos to push through the
measures required, but also their
own men to thc Executive Chambers
to see that such measures are enforced' when passed. Nothing con Id-
more contemptibly silly and disgusting than to see a lot of working-
men, who aro held in economic bondage to capital by tho strong arm
of the law, appealing to the makers
and custodians of tho law for relief
from the galling yoke of that bondage. As well might the bloating
lamb appeal to the hungry lion for
prolution as for the wepge-atave to
appeal to the henchmen and instru.
merits of capital. It. would be bet-,
ter if the journals of labor would
expend their energy in inst tiling a
little manhood into the rank and file
rather than wasting it in childish
complaints because the masters will
not provide the salve to soothe the
wage-slaves'   sores.
Joseph Medill Patterson, the son
of R. W. Patterson, proprietor of
the Chicago Tribune, bus resigned
the office of commissioner of Public
Works in that city, and declares!him-,
self an out. and out Socialist. His
experience since holding ollic.- in Chicago has taught him the utter futility of attempting to 'reform tho pre-
aent system by means of municipal
ownership and other patchwork and
pallaitives dear to thc heart of the
foebel minded. While Mr. Patterson
confesses to having read scarcely a
single book on Socialism, his own
reason has taught him that thc
things upon which all men d«-|.-n«l in
common for thoir existence ought to
be owned ln common, so as to insure to every person that right to
use upon which hjs life depends.
Some men like Patterson can arrive
at similar conclusions  by   the   exer
cise of their reasoning faculties, the.
average workingman, however, has
to have lt pounded into him through!
their stomachs.
A New York Judge has recently
rendered a decision which gives judicial sanction to the principle of
the ''closed shop." This is a decided victory for union labor, provided
some higher court does not reverse
the decision.
The Dominion Executive Committee has received application for a
charter from Comrades of Bed Lodge
Alberta. Thus the good work goes
on. The leaven is working even in
what are usually considered as out
of the way places ln this broad
land.
DOMINION  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE.
Vancouver, B.C., Mar. 18.— Present—Comrades Stebbings, Pritchard,
Wilkinson, Flowers, Org. Kingsley
and the Secretary.
The minutes of thc previous moot
ing were read and approved.
The following correapondence was
dealt with:
From Bad Lodge, Alta., enclosing
apiilication for Charter for Local
lnnisfaii, Alta, and enclosing 50.10
for Charter and supplies, lhe Cmay*
ter was granted.
From Montreal concerning organisation work in that city. Received
and filed.
From Com. O Rayner, Los Ange.
les, enclosing 11.00 for Dominion
Organizing Fund. Received and com
plied with.
From Fredericton, N. B. Local enclosing monthly reports. Received
and filed.
From    the International   Socialist
Bureau acknowledging receipt of S40
remitted from this party to the Russian Revolutionary Fund.
Receipts.
lnnisfaii.   Alta,   Local     $6.10
Com Rayner, Org. Fund      100
Total  $"-10
A warrant was ordered drawn for
$3.00 to the Western (Marion for advertising.
PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE.
Vancouver, B. C, Mar. 13.— Present—t'omrades Stebjbings, Pritohard,
Wilkinson, Morgan, Organizer Kingsley and the Secretary.
The minutes of the previous mooting wror read nnd approved.
The following communications were
dealt  with:
From Revelstoke;    monthly  report.
From Pen tin-ton. ro resohit ions concerning I'arty matters.
From Sifuamish, re receipt of fsij--
plies.
A warrant was ordered drawn for
$2.00 for February- advertising.
W. H. FLOWERS,  Bee,
PROVINCIAL    ORGANIZATION
FUND.
Calls are coming in from vaitious
parts of tho Province for speakers
and organizers. Tho Provincial Executive desires to arrange for complying with these demands during
tho coming summer months. If the
necessary funds can be provided several tours can be arranged for sj.-ak-
ors whose services have already been
promised. It is confidently expected
that such tours, if prudently managed can Ik; made to largely pay
their own expenses through sales of
literature, collections, and contributions along the route. it is, however, absolutely necessary that funds
be provided in advance to enable
the committee to outfit Speakers so
that they may not be Compelled to
oo forth empty handed. Such fund
can be easily obtained if every person interested will do his little share
towards such ond. It was decided
at the last meeting of tho Committee to issue a call for contributions
to an "Organizing Fund" through
tho columns of the Western (Marion,
such call to- remain standing in its
columns. Acknowledgement of all
moneys received will lie" made
throtigh the same medium, either by
publication of tho donor's name, or
such nom du plume as he may choose..
' Moneys contributed to this fund
are to bo used for tho purpose above
staled only. Conl rilmt ions should
be sent to
W. H. FLOWERS,  Sec.
Room 3,  222 Prior St.
Vancouver,  B.C.
Thc following sums have been received:
0: Rayner    $1.00
(.'. O.  D. Penticton       1.00
Ilr.  Curry, Chilliwack       8,00
DOMINION  ORGANIZING  FUND.
The Dominion Executive Committee
has decided to call for funds to be
used for thc purpose oi pushing forward the work of organizing such
parts of the Dominion of Canada as
have not yet been reached, 'there is
a vast field to be covered which will
of necessity entail considerable expense. The necessary funds can. however, be obtained if Locals, individual comrades and friends will take
the matter up by gathering and forwarding .such contributions as may
be forthcoming. As soon as the requisite funds may be gathered it is
thc intention of the committee to'
arrange trips, for one or more organ-1
tzars, covering as large a section of
territory as itossible. With energetic
action in tho matter of raising funds
and judicious application of tho sume,
by the committee a much needed
work may be carried out that will
bear fruit in future election campaigns.
All money received for this fund,
will be used solely for the purpose
stated. The committee, at its meeting on Fob. 27, appropriated from
the General Fund the sum of $2.1,
to bc applied to the Organizing Fund
All money received for this fund will
be acknowledged through tho columns of tho Western Clarion.
Dominion Organizing  Fund.
Tho following sums have bean received to date:
Dominion  Ex.  Com  $25.00
Local  Toronto         5.00
Forward all contributions to
J. G. MORGAN, Sec.
SSI Barnard  St.
Vancouver,   B.C.
PHONE   A1676
Vancouver Mange.
Employment   and   Financial Agents.
Real  Estate   Experts and    Business
Brokers.
Room 9, Miller Block.
22 Cordova 8t, Vancouver, B.C.
ST. Edward Bird,    A. O. Brydon-Jack
Geo. K. IfcCrossan.
, BIRO, Br.Y00N.JA8n i McCMSIAN
I BARRIHTKHR, SOMCIT0KB, ITf:.
Tel. 889, P.O. Box, 982.
324 Hastings St. . . Vancouver, B.C,
PLATFORM
555=5
tut
Wirkm op the World Unite"
It Is rlalmed of tho now gla*is.
machines that Ave of them can |,„
operated hy oho man, and tho capo.
vity of each mnchino is eefuul to a
human blowers. The introduction 0(
these machines will turn loos-- „ |Ql
of blowing talent that should te well
qualified for I.W.W. organization aia
editorial  work.
o	
The Provincial House wilt probably prorogue this week, and tho coun.
try will bo forced to go it sions
for the next succeeding several
months.     It will be tough   though.
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the International revolutionary working claaa.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should justly belong. To
tbe owners of the meana of wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The present economic system is baaed upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all the products of
labor belong to the capitaliat class.
The capitalist la master; the worker
is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
in poMHesalon of the reins of government all the powers of the atate will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights In the means of
wealth production and their control
of tbe product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitaliat on ever-swellinc stream of
profits, and to the worker on ever-
increaelng measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wage system. To
accomplish this necessitate* the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-, lass
property.
Tha irnepres-dble conflict of inter-
eats between the capitalist and the
worker ia rapidly culminating in a
straggle for possession of the power
of government—tho capitaliat to hold!
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is tbe claaa struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all work-
era to organize under the banner of
tbe Socialiat Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as /ollows:
1. Th* transformation aa rapidly
oa possible, of capitalist, property in
the means of wealth 'production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organisation and raana^rnment of industry by the workers.
8. The eetaMishment. oa speedily
aa possible, of production for use
Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system ia abolished,
make the answer to thia question its
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the interests of
the working class and aid the work-
era in their class etruggjA against
capitalism.? If It will, the Socialist
Party Is for It; If It will not, the
Socialiat Party ia absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with thia principle
the Socialist Party pledges Itself to
conduct all the public aflalm placed
In its hands in such a manner a* to
promote tha interests of the work-
big claaa alone.
lUnion   Directory
When They Meet; Where They Meet.
feyv.ve'v I..bor Union in the pro-rlm- u ,„
filed tu place . card under thu he.d. |i.u, •,„
month.    Secretaries please note.
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. |,
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Miners'
hall. V. Ingram, president; w. A.
Pickard, secretary.
Socialist Director;
•
>«»■■»»»«»■»■»■-.-»■■■»-■.
g0T Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a carl
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
BRITISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist
I'arty of Canasta, meets 2nd and
4th Tuesday in each month. W. H.
Flowers. Secretary, It. 8., 231
Prior Street.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, Socialist Party ol Canada,
meets every 2nd and 4th Toasdaj
in the Month. J. (). Morgan. Secretary. 681 Bernard Street, Vancouver,  B.  C.
LOCAL VANCOUVER. NO. 1. 8.P.
of Canada. Business meetings every Mocday evening at headquarters, lnglesi te Block, 313 Cambie
Street, iroom 1, serond floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m.. In Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
D. P. MILLS, .Secretary.
Bos 8.16. Vancouver IS. C.
LOCAL TORONTO—-Meets 2nd su-.d
•Uh Tuesdays. So-rialu-t Haadk^ar.
tors, 18ftJ Queen St.. West. K.
Dale. Sec., 41 Henry St. Jewish
branch everv Sundnv night, same
Hall.
LOCAL WINMI'EO—Meets first „u.|
third Sunday In Macral-w Hall,
corner King and Pacific Ave , at
2.30 p.m. Secretary J. Coxon,
220 Princess St.. Winnipeg.
WANTED: by Chicago whole-*!*
house, special representative lor
each province in Canada. Salary
$20,00 aad expenses paid weekly.
Expanse money advanced. Business successful, position permanent.
No investment required. Previous
experience not us nnt lal to engag
ing. Address
General Manager, 132 Lake St.
 Chicago.  HI ,  U.S.A.
~SUB8CR!BERS~TAKE NOTICE.
APPLICATION FOR MEM-
REKHHIP IN THE SOCIAL-
1ST PARTY    OP CANADA.
hereby  apply  for  membership
I.      THE     UND0B8IQNED.
In Local
 Socialist  Party  of
Canada.
I recognise the claas struggle
between the capitaliat claas and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, 1. a, possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party dlstlnat from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist claaa.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relatione with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program ot the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Applicant.   	
Address	
Occupation	
Age „	
Citizen x,	
Admitted to Local 190..
 „ . Chairman.
 Ree.-Sec.
This i*.vi.i is No *T64 I. this in
the number upon your address slip,
your subs, riptloa expiree with thia
number. If further copies are desired, renewal should ne made at once
If care la taken to renew before the
expiration of the old subacriptloas It
will greatly simplify matters in th a
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ESTABLISHED 1894.
The VOICE
Tha Oitfttt Laker rant la Cauda
Always a fearleaas exponent in the
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will be
sent to any address for one year.
Workingmen of all countries will
soon recognize the fact that they
inu.t support and read their labor
papers.
Issued every Friday.
Tin Valet Pilltllii Ci., Llalt.i
WINNIPHO, MAN.
we solicit tne murines, er M.nm.auren,
Engineer, and other, who realise the advisability of baring tlieir Patent buaiarM tram-acted
lijr Itipvru. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate.  Oar Inventor's Adviser sent upon
Five yearly sub. oard-—$3.75. i^SJWi^iiKRlX™*'
Miners'Magazine
Published Weekly by the
Waiter*, Ftrtiratfaa Of MlMrt
A Vigorous Advocate of Labor's
Causa.
Clear-Cut and Aggreaalve.
Per Year f 1.00.      Six Months, Me.
Address:
MINERS' MAGAZINE,
Denver, Colorado.
ATENTS
S0*H"     MQflt^
BEST   IN  R   C
CYCsJV^
■aaaai Saturday.
March It, im
xxSm
-THE WMTEltN 0LA&I014,  tAttO^ER^ BR1TIBB COLUMBIA.
l\
THREE.
Provincial Legislature
lOontiatiod from Page ch«- )
pnemisee. Such a system prevail* in
Denmark, and disease among swine
,., ulmoHt unknown. No doubt siml-
resulta could l>e obtained by its
in British Coluulbla
i-iisi-
liir r
applicatiofl here
lts  reading thia letter you
..  ^,. tha danger you may be at any
nm,. exposed to unless some change
,a  fought  about.     Vou   can    never
-pel certain that you may not again
iu. made victims of conditions which
I
. .hi
i h>
next
that
the
ger,
11 >ry
h<-  hnd
was  nttenijitinK
hai-e outlined. But, by taking
i,i..tii|'t action you may be able to
have the present evil conditions remedial). Write to your local pur-
l,.im,.ntary representative and demand that he take some action when
British Coiumiiiu   house   meets
month in Victoria. Demand
he tuke Home Hteps to have a
|U» providing 'or a systematic in-
Bpection "I a" dressed meal and
Ijkewlw nil Hliuighu-r-houw- premlaai
placed u|Hin the statue books of our
province to the end that the public
in no Pin of <he province may ever
iimiiii be made the victims ol capitalistic  K'reed  in this  way.
There ure a few- incidents connecl-
,,l with this tale nf exposure that I
would like to have related, but for
lack ,,/ space I an eompaUad to laava,
.mt However, it might noi be uninteresting t» you were 1 to mal<e
gome mention of an interview Mr. J,
Rrllch sought with me about three
months after I left the employ of
company of which he is manu-
i gathered from his Introduc-
n-iiiurks that in lhe meantime
toi i.im- cognlxant of what I
in the way of ex-
sj-oscm', and had in some way l-.--
.•..nie fnmilinr with th<- contents of
Hie open letter whlth I had sent io
Phoenix Pionew for publication. In
deepl.i affected lom-s In- proclaimed
lu- Borrow  at   hit", in-? dun** us he hail
in seUiog dlaoawd meal and pro-
mlsed better treatment of the |mt>-
ii. in future He in'ior'-d ma to desist in my eampaJUpi .if exposure.
adding 'hat  if the fm is ever got to
thi- ears  Of  the  public  h<-   WOO id,      in
all probability lose his fab, Heaaem-
nt to foreaee that as far ns P.
Morn* A. Co.j are i iini.riKsl the
I.!.*..' would all Is- put upon his
shoulder* But what n sordid mo-
1-. The ihniijrh) of th.- srrong
b«' hurl dame <I«jm*» not appear to have
siR ted Mm with i-amaraa Tiie
thought uppermost wit* that he
might lose his position in the event
i.f exposure l>rt us. as citizens
ns.. above suete a low B&UWi plane
/<■( us remember thai the good ol
ittt- i*- tin- good ot nil And wilh
this thoogbt in mind let us take
•-..me action and attempt to have
legiaiatfon put through that ail!
ej-tf.  tfin-ttl   our   inten-xts    ill   this     r<*
gard Way everyone tate a firm
st.iu,i t„ tt»* tint ihat iui un-    days
may t». I*etl.i than th.-s.-. I niight
su\. in cun. In-dun, that it may «■>-
I'-ar to some ii late hour for the
(■siMI-ntiun ..f these farts' but was
.;»i(ibl<- i-arli.-r t.i find a nn-dium
wherehy thej mi.*ht be maida knoun.
Hoping v.iu will acp! ibis latter in
th>' *.|ur*!i in which il is written I
remain, yours sincerely.
EDOAR w    HVNKs
Deyember, 1,   tori.'..
.Mr       Haa Hn.rntbw.nile      cx-plaitv-d
the writer hnd hiins.if worked
..! -it.- slaughter hndaaa -<i thai    he
1     Id   t.non     what  he was talking
Atari       It showed    that aomething
-*ii...i't i done in th.- province tu
tf'.,u»n!.,- tbe-public n«ni»si the sale
• I d hased im-nt f| ,, Ryatam of
tharaugh Itutaxtion prevailed, con.
cation, im-j-ht is- materially Improv*
ed, and he thought It wns the dui\
of the i:.n..rmii.-iit of the dav i.i
take this n,(,tt,^- int,, consideration
and wv that rnsprtUira did Hint
•inly.
Ho far as the member for   Qreen-
weod   w.nt   h.-  hod   no   wish  to     ns
fleet   on   him  in  thi* matter nt    nil
lie  had     dun.,    his  duty   atxl   tjik.-n
aortBiderable    trouble to bring    this
•Batter before th.- department Still,
if th.-s.. utatemanU he had nnd were
correct, ami there was no reason t».
■uigjpose that they mere not, (ho m^.
lintm.iit had Ixvn very In* in these
ttiutt.-rs    and  scym-thlnc  should     lie
done to   put „ utop to this   awful
state of   1111111".
Hon    Mr.   Fulton  assured  Mr. Haw
thornthwaite thai then was no  oi,-
i'1'tioii to such a resolution un the
part of the Covernmcnt. Thc IV-
partment had already made some Investigation in this mat tin-, nnd he
would    i|,i    n||  he ,.„,.!<■   ((, |,ftVe   „
irwrougri Investigation made In tb.-
near future.
Mr.  .If  H,   Browo.   the  meiiiliet   f,,r
'liwnwood.   saul  there  was no duulit
Unit the    rtaiementa made by    the
"i.-iiiImt for Vnnnlmn won- borne nut
l.v facts \f the same time he did
'■ot   think  that   lit-.   Pa-fan,   the IV.r-
rinclal Ifealth Qfflcar, was t„ blame.
He (Mr. Brown) |m.t tironiirht the
matter to his attention. Mml he had
done all in his power tu remedy it
The resolution wns then earridn,unH
.iTutnously,
OLD AHK JPEN8TONS.
Porker Wiiii,,ms' ReaolirUon in Favor of Old   Age nnd   Accident    Pensions Ruled lout Of Order,
"n  Sntiirdnv  Inst   In   the Lnglelo-
Jure, Mr. Williams moved tl«e follow*
Inif   I'esolutbm:
WhorenJi owinn to economic condi-
,lo,'s, ,| largo mniiliei- of the cit.toms
of HrlttNh Columbia nro unable to
'"'^Ide for  their old  age;  find
Wlierens mnny workmen are through
l"'i'iiiatient injury, prevented from
iTovitlinm for themselves:
Iherefore, |h' it Resolved. Thnt in
"W opinion of this House tbe Oovelil-
>'i<nt should take Into constderation
m*0 matter of providing for such |i«>i'-
nona.
Mr. Wllliains snid he hnd already
.ntiin-,i,K, that he meant to move
this resolution. In British Columbia where mu mnny people worked,In
inines. n ii-1-.-v number were inenpn-
• Hated every year Iiy accident, nnd
il wns also only right t» provide for:
the old ii(-.' oi thost! who 1>**l s|-.:nt
their liv.n  \wirkinK in  the province.
The H|««!-.er said he was afraid
the amendment was out of order. To
provide tin- i>'iisioiis spokr-ji of would
necessitate a ris-arriuigmuieiit. of tiu*
revenues of the province, and tile r«-
sulu'ioii us such cuiilil only be iu-
trods,iced US a Wniater of the Crown.
Mr. Williams sukl be would ot
course, huve to bow to the Speaker's decision, ami consent to have
the  resolution struck off.
The (otngotng resolution was tlie
result of a motion of Mr. .1. N. Kv-
ans. of Cbaichan, to strike out the
Civil Service Su|j.'raiinuatioti list,
on the ground that it did not work
out evenly. W, H. Core, who was
Deputy Commissioner of f-ands &
Works, who had earned $200 per
month wus now drawing $100 per
month pension, while, others who
had earned a larger salary oniy got
$'_'<< i, month pension.
Mr. Williams said he was sorry he
could not line up with his countryman from Cowichan in this mutter.
He tboutrht a man who had been
learning $200 n month should he better njile to do without a iu vision
than the workinjfiiian who had hi*'n
■ •nrnin-f $50 a month, ami he did not
•*><• why a distinction should I*- made
because one was working directly
fur the Government and rhe other hw
dii-ecth fur tlv> ciiiintry. He certain!*   did   not   understand  why     Mr.
Q-ore, m his Idleneea rtunld earn    a
liirircr sum of money thun others
who were working hard. He would
not vote for the resolution, but
wmild  follow   it  up  wilh   another  re-
soitition to tvre n pension to every
old |»*rson who hnd paeOOd the a".
of uaabilneav, urvi was not in a i«osi-
tion to itiaintiiin himself, g-Tcause his
(•Krninu'K hnd t><*.ii exploited by his
amp lovers.
MASTER   AMi  SERVANT   ACT
Another Measure for th.- Bonaflt   of
The Laboring class Strangled   In
Committee.
i tn- House went iniu committee ol
the whole on 1'iirUr Williams' Mas-
i.*i and Servant Act on Thurssday
ia*i. st nm t Henderson in the chair.
nu- chairman rend wvtion twu and
its mb-sectione as billows
2 Tlie "Vaster and Servant Act"
bring rhapter 181 of lhe Revised
Statutes, ih!)7, is hereby umi-nii.nl
bj adding thereto, after section 7.
th.- following section:
"7a i l.i Every workman, employee or servant,, where the rate of
•rages dues not exceed four dollars
l»-i dn1.. shall be l-uid in intervals
not exceeding two woeka,
"(2.» In case of „ wurkmiin. employee ur servant rousing lo work
..i being di*-.-barged, all wagea ihie
snch jw-rMui shnll he paid forthwith.
-rii \u contract for *\mans sluiii
be entered into that provides for
payment of wagea at lomjer intervals  than  once in  two  «'-eks
>t i \n\ employer, ur nirent f)f
nn\ employer, who-contrayenoa the
provisions ..f this aeetton sluiii t*.-
liable to ii |H-naliv not exceeding
fifty dollars."
Bvani of Cowichan, moved tiuit
msjjt. ace tion 1 be atraek out, II inisiht
iM.rk with big in.i-istri>- near t.ank-
if*,. rent re* iiui would never work
OA  loggina;   ..imps juul  farms.
Mr Mn. iluimi.l siiid he htut nil
amendment that would cover that
nbjeftioo. He m..\.y| t>. eaerkate from
the  Act  alt except  persona al  )>n»s-
.iit in receipt of monthly -eilnnes
This ui.ulil cover thc obi<*rtions in
th*> rase of logging camps and farms
where in.n were paid flt loii|* intervals
Mr Petersen said thai In lowina
camps, the worit had to be meanur-
<-«l  al   the end  uf  the  month,   and   it |
to,.k   nearly   two   noefc*   tO   90    that
alone,
Mr   HawthornrhwaJte    said    there
Mr. Williams said the momber for
'he Islands must know perfectly well
■that it was not pos.iible for the
workingmen of the province tu come-
to the House and make demands for
tbib sort uf legislation. Unit he
knew that there was a demand because ha had mingled actively with
the workingmen day after day, and
it was from 'knowing their wants
in this way that he had been induced to bring up this measure. It was
no wonder that the member for the
Islands never had this brought home
to him; but he (Mr. Williams) knew
workingmen who were afraid even to
sign their names to a petition asking for legislation of this kind. Except where there was a strong
Trades Union it was not safe to
make these demands at any fame. As
for .'10 days' credit ooing aa good as
cush, the member for the Islands
would find that out if someone had
a claim against him for which he-
had to provide the cash. Ha had
himself had to leave his work twice
last 1'all in order to get security
for n $10 claim against him. When
you had a bill pressing ami it was
'Mi day* till pay-day, it was a long
time to wait. He claimed that he
hnd a better knowledge of the wants
of the. working-men tban had the
memlier for the Islands, l-ecause his
knowledge was of later date. There
had tx-en a great many changes in
the condition of the working people
within the past  ten years.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said it was
strong  to ssy  there was no demand
through committee. A comparatively short time of the legislative session hud b"en taken up in the discussion of these matters thut were
ali important to the working paople,
and it was very little to ask that
the committee should discuss all the
sections oi the Bill and they could
vote on it afterwards.
Mr. Pateraon said he was not going to withdraw it. If this iiill
was passed, it would mean that hie
industries would be disarranged
twice a month instead of once. Tba
reason why tu usany Orientals were
employed in the mills.was not altogether on account of smaller wages,
but. because the.v eottkd be relied on
to be  there after pay-day.
Mr. Davidson said Uv* experience of
workingmen in presenting petitions
to the house for legislation of this
kind were not encniragine. and that
no petition had lieon received from
the working en protesting against,
it was a pretty strong influence that
they wanted it. It. would put the
workingmen in such a position that
he could not lose more than two
wut-ks of his wagecs anyhow, ami au
workingman himself, he was in favor
of it.
Mr. Maedonald said except for the
fact that, the Bill prevented a mun
from entering into a contract for
longer than two weeks, and Imposed
a iienalty of $50 for infraction of
the Act, it was n good one. The
penalty clause was a reactionary
step, as it reverted to imprisonment
for debt, something the.v had prided
themselves  they  were rid of.
Mr.  McNiven  said hi* knmw  that  as
for this Bill, what* every Trades fn-ja working'nan the laboring people
ion in the Province had asked for, w<*n' in fttV"r of short !**> <la>s lf
it. and a delegation had t-e«i sunt !t waK I,r°P"sed to raise the time-
down in favo'r of it. He agreed that' to 'Wo months there would t*e a re-
if the Ttill passed in its present form!-*-lion Even members of tha' leg-
would create great disturbance, bufl lSl/ature., cou!d no* w*** tiU '' 'losrtl
the amendment he proposed restrict-'. ore dra"'"-K on their salaries, ..nd
ed it so that it could do no harm.! .'ow couId thev "c»x'<t ««rkintrmen t,,
It   was  not  altogether   new    to    the
country, because he reniomt»red th,. I 1".'' ''""'I''v'"" vi,hl !t *'"1" "'-»'.-
in Nanaimo two years ago the Coal
Company paid its men every two
weeks' but since the others did not
follow suit it had swung back to
the old custom . It was all very!
well   fur   the member  for  the   Island*
I how could they
I do so.
Mr.   Peterson     said
employers     were   lews   able   to     meet
their obligations than the men thern-
. selves.
1    Mr.   Maedonald  said   that   Ill's   Bill
might  be good  for  the employers in
!thut   respoct as thev  would have    to
to   apeak   against   legislation   of   thia '">' J'U™Z ***   *'"""  ™'   ""'     ""
kind, no doubt he viewed it from the ""      "'
standpoint of the class he represent*
ed   in   that  House,   but it  was   iustj
as much    their    duty  to look at itj
from the view point of thc class they..
represented,    'ibis Bill was a
A division was called on Mr. I'at-
erson's motion that the committee
rise, and the Bill was stran d-d r,n
a mixed vo^e of 13 to \2. Premier
McBrille and a number of others who
^*y,*" had voted for the second reading l*e-
sin„ll )>ortion Indeed of the demands *n    af,^,)*
of the Sim ialists. and much leas than.' '
the House would have to accede u* I'"< >TKCTS SQCATTBHS' RIGHTS
in future, (or he felt sure that in! Hawthornthwaite's Amendment To
two terms from now they would! 'I*1"' Columbia and Western Bill
toutrul   the  House. Carried.
Mr. Murphy—You do it now. i    One of   the  most  contentious   Hills
Mr. Haw thurnlhwuiu-said it would'of the past session was the Colum-
be a guod thing for the country if. Ilia and Western Land Subsidy Bill,
they did, but anyhow they might be to confirm a land grant given to
sure that the time was rapidly a|*- that company some years ago.
proaching when the Socialists would Though the Bill itself was a matter
tn* in hill control and the House of little interest to labor revresetita-
would be i utii|»'lle.l to grant de. tives. Mr. Hawthornthwaite improv-
tnands far more drastic than tnesc^ ed the chance to protect rights of
Hon. t'arter-CotUMi said that st-uatter. who bad settled on and
while it was true that the system ma<ie improvements on the land. In
oi paying every two weeks had been committee- of tne whole, he moved us
tri.-d in Na.ii.iiun, two year.s a«o. it follows: "Provided, always, thati
worked neither to the satisfaction of mtafe any settler or vnAintter has oc-
the employers  or  thi;  in»>n  and   hndjeupied continuously, or improv.d   tti
tieen abolished for that i-eaaom
Trade was pros|*erous in the I'ro-
Vince now because conditions were
settled, but he thought the Mill la-
Ion- the House would bring about a within
bad state of things.
Mr.   Hawthortnlhwaite—Don't    yo
pay weekly yourself?
Hon, Mr. Corron u«iiniit«-<l thut it
, was triM*.    but u-cause that   suited -J-'* *apoaal of pre-emption ol Crown
! him il  did not  follow  that  it would i lands."
I suit   evcrvl.odv   els^-.    TaU*   sawmills      Mr.  Oliver, who usually Opposes alii
i and smellers where a great dual of of Mr. Hawthornthwaite's motions.
machinery was running. Aa It waa objected that by law these settlers
a number of men were absent every w,>re entitled to 820 acres, and this
month after pay-day,  and this would i would    simply     reduce them  to  160
a reasonable extent, or made writt.-n
nptplication for, prior to the year
1906, a portion of land nut exceeding lfiO acres in extent, situated
the Crown land grnntwl by
the said Act. he shall Is' entitled' to
receive from the said company a
a grant for same in accordance with
thni    existing     regulations  gsrvet-nirw
iniirbt ire something in the niifertaona
riiis.'d, nnd tn meet them be   would]
mini'   in   amendment,   that   "Section
2   ot   this     Act   shall  onlv  apply  to !
mines,   smelters  and  sawmill* in     or
within     to e     miles-     of   incortKirlited j
towns "     He  though)   thai   should be
aofflcienl iu remove all objectlona.
I'a'erson. Cjiiite oblivions to the
amendment, still objected that on
farms people had to •"'' returns from
their crops before they could |il'
anil tt would never work in lo'«">-
camps- At present nrranir.*meiits
were made to suit cases everyone
was sntisti.-fl and he did not see
why it sh..ulil be 'hnner-d. This pro-
posed measure would dianrrange
nearly .-very Induatry in the country.
Mr Williams said Ihnt under ordinary conditions it was impossible
to bring in any new reforms without aorae IncoiivwilanOB, ami it would
Is* the same if they reduced it from
two months to one month. AlsOUt
the only real argument ngninst it as
if stood was that it would cause a
little extra sxponsa tu big firms by
the employment of l,n ox,r" dark
tu chock thj- ticciiunts This was a
■mall thing compared with the good
of the great muss uf the working
people \s far as the Objections
raised by Mr. Pntcrson about log-
giiiL'    camps    and     farms  went,   the
amendment proponed by tlie member
for Nanfdmo eliminated that, and
with the two amendments thnt were
now l-efnre the committee lie dhl not
see how there could t.' any further
objection to the BW1. Mr. Pater-
sun   said   there  wns no  demand    for
it, but ns the senior momhbr tor Victoria «Mr. Cameron) hnd pointed
out in discussing the tramway Bill,
it wns sometlmea dangWoua for
workingmen to come to the House
and ask for this kind of legislation,
it was as much ns their places were
worth.
Mr. Peterson said he wanted to be
shown that there was some necessity for such •• liiH. or whether It was
onlv brought forward for the sake
of making a little political capital.
'Hie trouble with the momber for
Newcastle was that they had only
mixod with woiMngmeii in coal
mines, but ho himself bad mixed
with worWnjf-men of nil Wmis nil
over Canada, and knew that there
was no demand among thorn for legislation „f this kind. <V« Tuvsent -'0
dues'  credit     wns as good os rash,
i bring
t u lei
about    this     abate of thinga|aeres'     H<1 aecaaad-the Oovernmcnt
a month instead of once.    When  of instructing  their agents  to    over-
their engines were going,  the owners rirto  Um"    statute    laws of the   j.ro-
lould  not   allow  their plants  to   ps>|rince,
main idle for this reason. j    Mr.   Hawthornthwaite  said   h"   did
Mr. Hawthornthwaite snid be could nnl see how the member for   D.*lt..
i well   understand  thnt  legislation     of 'who pretended  to tie n friend  of the
; this kind was disagreeable to a great! farmer  nnd poor  settler,  could   con-
mnnv  gentlemen on  the floor of    the' sistently  oppose  this motion.     If   a
House  because thev n*present a class settler had done  some  work  on    his
that for generations have been privi-! pre-emption, it  would allow him - to
I leg-i-d  to  treat   tbe  workingmen    put take out     a Crown  grant,  and   was
las     they    liked,     lie could  tell    thej simply  intended  to  protect   the    Set-
I member    for the Islands  thnt    then.*1 tiers* riehts.
ami    the
llill
won
Id not save   the
wiii'kingmen anything.
wns a demand for legislation of this
kind, and this demand would not decrease till they came to he the demands of the rights of working-men
the world oatr. The.v oould atiso-
lutely rely upon that, and if they
did not yield to the»n now the day
would come wh«vi they would t«p forced  to.
Mr.  Pateraon—We  wont live to see
it.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite—.Yes yiosi will,
live to see it. and you will hear the
most discordant. Huunwk from the
I'npiuilist class when it comes to
imss that you ever heard. He add-
i*d thnt one clause in the Bill t-om-
l-clling the payment of wages on dismissal hud been characterized as unnecessary, 1«it in reality most of
lhe people of the country were iguor-
nnt of thnt. and this would make it
plnin to them. As proof of this he
rend a telegram from I Fernie. stating
that Mr. Brinnn. the manager of the
Crow's Vest Pass Coal Co., had
stated that if a man was riisrhnsg-
i-d before pay-day he could not claim
his wages until pay-dav came romid.
and if the company gave it, it wns
only ns an accommodation. On account of this general ignorance of
the law this clause should be allow-
i-d  to  remain  in  thp Bill.
Mr. Pateraon in id it was absurd
to re-ennrt legislnt*cin already on thlrj
Statute book. He did not believe
thnt many of the members knew
what they were voting for when the
Bill passed second reading, and to
tost the true feeling of the House
now. he moved thnt the committee
rise.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said he considered thnt motion njuite unfair.
Thev had been discussing this matter in a urtiiet nn'd moderate manner.
The amendments he had 'ofTeivd were
n 11 born 1 concession fo the views of
tho^c who had opposed the Bill at
Irst. nnd he would ask the msamhtor
for the Islands to withdraw his motion  ami let   the Bill   take Its course
SWISS   SOCIALISTS
ARMY.
AXD THE Owing t0 the supply exceeding the
demand, tlie price of wheat is reported from Tacoma. Wash., to be 29
cents lower than it was a year ago,
at this time. The farmers have rais-
wbeat that they will be
unable to sell it for a price sufficient to cover the cost of production.
If he has not already done so to the
limit, the farmer can. however, meet-,
gage his farm to tide over the deficit, Crazy system. Foolish farmers  and   wage.slaves  who  support it.
The Swiss Socialists' congress held
ut AlliTiiiu lust iiiunth passed a resolution protesting ugainst the em-
ploym-ml of troOps against workmen. I ed so tjiuch
durinv strikes 1? was also resolved to urge tin* soldiers to refuse to
obey in the event uf their being ordered to ui l uguinst strikers. The
congre.-.s promised that measures
would Ih' taken bj the party to prevent summary punishment ofthesoi-
diers in .use of such disojbedience.
The congress passed a further resolution ileiiiaiiiJing „ decrease in the ar-
mv appropriations.— X.   V.   Worker.
tive Clarion nub. cards—-$3.75.
The March number of Wilshire's
is not up to its usual standard of
excellence. It does not contain Mr.
Wilshire's picture. Probably an over-sight.
New Spring Goods
Just Arrived From Glasgow, Scotland.
All Kinds of Fine and
Fancy Worsteds, Tweeds,
Serges and Fine Striped
Pantings Made to Order in
the Latest Styles at* the
Cheapest Prices.
GIVE US A CALL IMMEDIATELY.
WITH EVERY SUIT FIT GUARANTEED.
LADIES TAILORING A SPECIALTY.
Charlie Dunn & Co,
MLRCHANT   TAILORS
100 Hastings Street      -a?      +v      Vancouver, B. C
-   Out   {Victoria Advertisers -
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why
FALL SUITING
! coin 8J-..00 l'|i.
E.   SHAPES,
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
29  Johnson  St.,  Victoria,  B.C.
VRICN-MAOE BREAD AND CAKES
Delivered  to  any   [fart of the city.
Driver    ro   call.      'Phone   849.
Ask
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper  than our competitors.
TRY
HASHES' FAIR
72 Coveraacat Street, Victoria. 6. C.
60   YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Mr. Olivor then launchivl into on
attack on Ihe Oovornment for its
trv-atmc-nt of tho settlers. Tie was
replied to l.y Hon. Mr. Green, who
showed him that he was nil at «on.
since he, wns tatkOnir al .'mt lund tiluit
wns -"ly-en for pre empttOB when thes.-j
tflmls were under reserve. He though')
(lie nmondment of the member for
X™r»almn n <r«od one.
Mr. Hawthomthwnite said h" was
satisfied thnt these settlers hnd not
c-ornr>lied with certain strict r-rvniiro-
inonts of the law, and the oWect of
his tnotlolh wns to do awnv with
those riVnilrements. Wo ron--i"'e*-ed
the terms irerrervms All that ivn«
rcHntrad wn« thnt thev Ahonrd mafcto
•x written nT-plicntiion. nml ihov could
then hnv.* the Innd defined nnd enter
into  pnsaoss'on   of it.
Mr. Mnrtkinnl.l SpM •"•■ ''Id not t>c
whv these settl.»rc rhmdd no' h • eiv-
nn the rights thev were entitled tn
under the old *.i*e-om!>tion lows. He
would nlo^v thot the committee ri«*
nnd tnVe time to conalrter the imt-
trr. ns he hnd nn nmendiiient .>f his
own  to offer nlonc  the snme lines.
Mr Pnterson wished to know whv
the (Joviprnnieot hnd not introduced
this amendment instend ofileavtetr it
to  the menvher for Nnnnimo.
Mr. niwt-hiornthwoite snid he believed the Oorcernment should have
made the amendment or nt lenst the
'Header of the Opposition should* hav,-
(tana so. tYiit as neither side halrlldorKi
it. he undertook to tto it for tho pro*
teetion  of the  settlers.
Mr. Macdonnld's motion to rise
was defeated on vote, nnd Mr. Tliinv-
thornthwnite's   amendment   rni-ried.
Afr Mar'donnld then tried a new-
move Iiy the introduction of nn
amendment to compel the Oolumliin
and Western Ttnilw-nv Co. to irive
ivwwv and s.^1 Ita lands on the same
terms ns if they t.-loivreil to tho
Government.
Mr.  Oliver  in  support  of  the   1110-
fContinued on Page Four.)
Trade Marks
Designs
CoeVTRrGHTS 4C
Aaron, sending a sket rh and deMripUon may
L.lc.l-r Mt-eruun our oplnloo free »he*u« an
IriTentlxn is probab'.jr p»ten*j*!SjCoiiiBiuiilcn.
(lon..iriril|>ronildentlal. HINOBOW on Pst.nis
sent free. Oldest nirencT lorsacnrlucpatenuL
Patents taken tlmio-rh Mann A Co. recelT.
iTffi.il nofke. wehoat, ch.rge, la tbe
Scientific American.
A handsome!; Illustrated wee«l». lareMt elr-
culatlon of any scientlne InurnaL Terms. 13 a
raw: four month., IL Sold brail newsdMlers.
Sunn & Co.""5—'New m
Branch OIBce, (65 F SU Wasblmton. D. C.
HAROLD  BURNETT
mWS AGENT.
\ nt or ia General Agent Ior—
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Bundles of 25 or mors copies ta
one address, for a period ot thran
months or more at tha rata of oas
cent per copy.
Patronise our adverti*eri.
United Hatters of North America
When you ara bu-rlag a FUR BAT ■«• ta  It  last
tbe Genulat Union Label I. M«ed ia tt. If a retailer
haa loose label, ln hi* possisalon aad oiara ta pat
ou* In a hat for you. do not patronise  him. f iiw
labels In retail atoras ara counterfeit.. Tbe *enalaa
Union Label la perforata! on four edgWt, exactly tba
■ama aa a poetasj. stamp. CooatarfoRa ara aasnst.
times perforated an Urea eagae. aad aorae time, ealv
oa two. Joha B. Stetooa Co, of Philadtlphla Is a
Doo-untoa
Plane
It'
I'
JOHN A. MOrrirr,  PreaWesit, Oraaga, If. J.
MARTIN    LAWLOR.    Serrotary.    ll   W averlv
»e»  Tot*.
OUR
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
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Specially Recommended.
i
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429 .-""*•. '^f; r^T*1.
i.'K.1
w   -i'
H '
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: 1
m
^.m±i*mi
fttl WEBfERH  6lARI0N\   VANCOUVER,   BR1T18IJ       OOLttltBlA,
dSMMBM
SATuntlAV,    March 1?, m
NEWS AND VIEWS i
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   |
Edited by R. P. PETTIPIECE. to whom all correanondeuoe for tills department staonld be addressed. "«*
99    ^^^^^^^^
"Changing conditions in the printing business,     the    introduction    of
more and more complicated machinery of  production,     the  pradual  eli-
mttaaUon    of    "skilled"    labor, and
pother modern  forces at  work,  neces-
;"'sritate    everchanrring    tactics on tho
Sport Of organized printerdom,    Fin-
ancial success is not necessarily suc-
'.coaa.   Conventions, baiuimcts and the
^"entertaining"  of delegates will lead
jjtto no solution of the problem   that
"f; confronts    labor.       Our uinon may
^protect us,   in a measure,  when   we
I have jobs, .but no union can puurau-
ifitee a job to any one.
p|   In view of those ami other circtim-
:' stances it behooves ihe rm>ml*.>i-s   to
"jittake sure that  they can analyze anil
^better    understand  the problems bc*-
yfore them—-and    likewise their   solu-
iftion.—R.   P.  PetUpiowv in  Tvpdgra-
phical  Journal for March.
AMONG  THE  WORKERS.
...
T15N1NO, WASH.
''Editor News and Views:
JS   Dear   Sir,—At   thc  earnest   request
*"<of a few of us who are interested in
^Social Economy,    our political   So-
^Socialist    friend,  Noremac    Dunbar,
%ave a thirty minute talk last evening on the different forms of robbery
Following is a brief resume   of    the
^interesting speech:
B "Labor    expended on the   natural
'resources,   on    raw material is   the
?tonly method    of    producing wealth.
|5The motive underlying men's actions
.In general,  is the private possession
of wealth, isince it puts its owner in
^possession    of    the   means to livt—
food, clothing, etc."
I "Going back to our savage ancestors he'pointed out the methods em-'J
jployed  by    them,  the chattel    slave
Owners and the feudal lords,  to   secure possession of wealth, the means
necessary     to    live.    Coming to our
own times,  the present day, hc said:
;  "The  means employed  to  rob  the
producers    of     all wealth is hidden
from    the view  of  the majority     of
them by the intricate system of production and distribution itself.
Let us look at the insurance scandals. Lawson and other would-be
reformers of his ilk, are simply
pointing out the robbery of the robbers. You say the term 'robifcrs'
does not apply to policy holders?
Let us see.
"I pay into the funds $100, and
take out $105 or SILO, as the case
may be. 1 have done absolutely
nothine for that $5 or $10. I have
not produced wealth to that value,
therefore, some on* has produced
wealth to that amount which they
have not received or of which they
have been relieved, and since I am in
possession of that which by right
ought to belong to another, I am
guilty of having robbed that one.
Again, 1 place $100 in a bank and at
the end of a year draw out $103. I
am in possession of $3 for which I
have done nothing, consequently 1
have robbed someone of that amount, since some one has produced
that sum and not received it or has
been relieved of it.
i '"Do not understand me to attach
any blame to the bank, depositor or
insurance policy holder, for since
our whole system is based on rob-
berv they must of necessity conform
to environment.
"How and from^wbora is the wealth
stolen which 1 receive as a bank depositor or  . insurance policy holder?
Let us take the bank, for an example
and use    a very simple illustration.
A   manufacturer   borrows  a    certain
amount    from a  bank,  agreeing   to
pay interest at 10 per cent..      The
money    is used to purchase machinery,  raw material,  and labor power
to put the machinery in motion and
from  the raw material  produce   the
finished commodity.    The   machinery
can only   add its own value to the
raw material in making the finished
product;    in other words,  when   the
machinery has been worn out its value bas"entered into the finished dom-*
modities.    The sum total of   wealth
has not been changed by this     pro-
cess. it has simple assumed a different    form.       Hut    the manufacturer
also buys labor power, and  this   is
the only commodity on the   market
which adds more than its own   value to any commodity.    Uy reason of
the expenditure of labor power,  the
sum total of wealth has been increas
ed.    How?     The manufacturer buys
labor power, energy, at its value, its
cost of production, i.e., the cost    of
the workman's living, and sells   the
result of its expenditure at its value, also,  which, according to Carrol
D. Wright is 4 times greater than thii
value of labor power itself.     To use
Wright's figures, the average   wealth
production  by each worker   in     the
United    States    is $10 per day, ithe
average    wage $1.37 per day.    The
value created by every useful worker
is measured b.v $10 per day, but   he
only receives $1.37  per day,  leaving
a siirphis of  something over $8.00,
which he does not receive,  in other
words is  stolen from him.     Out   of
this-- surplus comes the 10 per   cent,
interest    the    bank receives and   of
which  tho depositor  receives his     3
per cent-    The same law applies   to
insurance    companies.     The    Invest
ments made b.v insurance companies
and    banks,    traced to its ultimate
analysis, is simply investments made
In  tho  means  of  wealth  production.
that    is,    the    means   employed by
which the  worker,  wealth   producer.
1s robbed Of -1-5 of the wealth   his
labor has created.'   The fundamental
robbery then,  the robbery on   which
all other forms of robbery ia based,
ia tha robbery of tha useful   worker,
the wealth producer, and this system of robjiery is made possible and
is constanrly being propagated
through the private ownership by an
individual, a Arm or corptoration of
the means of wealth production, the
ownership of the means by which the
worker lives. To stop then, thia
fundamental robbery should and
must be the only consideration of
the robbed—tho working class. To
illustrate: What estimate would you
place on the intellicence of a train-
ful of passengers, who, after boin-
held up" and relieved of their valuables by three masked train robbers, and who fell to -quarrelling
among themselves for possession of
the lion's share of the plunder—
should take sides for and afchmstj the.
different robbers, tbe majority taking sides with he who had received
the smallest share, tielieving that by-
doing so the.v would get some share
of the spoils or the robbery itself
even after it. had been committed
would bc lessened. Yet, that is precisely what the majority of workers
are doing; they submit to the robbery process and them imagine that
by the proceeds finding its way Into
the pockets of the —little fellow,"
the small independent manufacturer
instead of the "big fellow," the
trust, thc robbery will not be so
great. It could make no difference
to those who had been "held up" in
what proportion the spoils had been
divided amongst the "hold ups."
Their interest was to prevent the
robbery in the first place. So with
the working class; it can make no
difference to them in what proportion the proceeds of what has been
stolen from their labor is divided
amongst employers, bankers, insurance companies, political grafters,
etc., their interest is to prevent the
robbery in the first place.
"But,," interjected one of the listeners, who has been reading Ernest
Crosby's articles in the Cosmopolitan Magazine, "Rockefeller accumulates his i enormous riches by over-
chargliiig the consumers of oil bfy* reason  of his monopoly."
"Yes," resumed the speaker, "but
how is the value or worth of any
commodity in the market determined? Evidently there must be a common basis on which the exchange of
one commodity for another is carried on. By the exchange of commodities I mean that, whether in
exchange for my labor power I receive food.:clothing, shelter, etc., direct from my employer, its buyer,
or whether I receive the same in the
form of money, my labor power is
exchanged at its value for another,
or other commodities at -its or their
value. So with oil. When a certain quantity of oil exchanges with
a certain quantity of wheat, or if
{dollar purchases a certain amount of
oil, and a do.Iar purchases a certain
amount of wheat, it necessarily follows that tbe given quantity of
wheat and the given cfuantity of oil
have eqjual value. And on what basis are their respective values determined?
"The only creative agency of
wealth being the expenditure of energy, labor power, it consequently
follows that thc measure of value
is the amount or quantity of energy or labor contained in a commo.
dity. The exchange of commodities
then on the market, is based on the
labor time necessary to their production. The prices of commodities,
or the ratio of their exchange may
and does vary according to the condition of the market, however. An
excess of supply over demand will
tend to lower the price of a comma-
dity below its real value, just as an
excess of demand over supply will
raise the price above its real value,
but these variations cancel each
other. On the market then, I purchase oil at its value, the value it
receives from the labor time neces.
sary to its production, just as I do
all other commodities. Hence, Rockefeller cannot accumulate riches by
overcharging or charging me more
than its value; but his riches are
extracted from the difference between
the value of oil and the calue of labor power used in its production. In
other words, the difference between
the wealth produced try his workmen
and the wages paid them.
"To again use Carrol D. Wright's
figures: The amount of oil produced
per man per day is measured by ten
dollars; the amount per man per day
received in return aa wages is measured by one dollar and thirty seven cents. The difference between
$1.37 and $10 is the amount extracted by Rockefeller and which
builds up his enormous wealth, and
taken    absolutely    and from no-
most refined method of robbery practiced by any people of any time—the
wage-slaves must lie freed. And the
only method of emancipation which
makes for human progress, to be
pursued, is to deprive one class in
human society of the power
to rob another class in human society. This can only tie accomplished by depriving the robbine
class of the moans they employ, i.e..,
the private ownership of the means
of wealth production, and placing it
in the hands and under the control
of the robjlied class. 'Ihis the robbed class, the useful workers, must
themselves accomplish, since history
records no instance wherein the ftjeme-
ficiaries of any system of wealth pro*
duction has, out of altruistic nvard
for the less fortunate, the op|>i-<«-*-tl,
the robbed, given up an ailvu.Titti-'e
possessed."
We will endeavor to hav,. Air. Hun-
bar give us another talk sometime
in the near future when I will semi
you un outline of the burden of his
speech, if you think it will be of. ah)
interest  to  Clarion readers.
DOUGLAS   C.VMEKON.
Tenino, March 10. 1906.
PROVINCIAL LEdlSLATlHE
(Continued from Page Three)
9M 	
where else than his workmen.
'•'It is positively necessary to know
the nature of a disease before aa Intelligent remedy can be applied, and
it is just as imperatively necessary
to understand the cause of a disease to prevent a recurrence. Let us
clearly understand the cause and nature of the disease from which humanity is suffering, not the monopolizing of markets by trusts to enable them to owrchartg-p, nor the dis-1
honesty of insurance ifficials or political grafters, but the fundamental
robbery underlying all the tills by
which humanity is afflicted—the robbery of tho useful workers of 4-5
the value the expenditure of their la**
bor produces. To cure the disease,
to prevent the fundamental robbery
It is necessary to deprive the rob-,
berg of the means by which the plunder is obtained. To abolish chattel
slavery, the chattel slaves were freed; I
to abolish feudalism the serfs   were'
tion said it would only give lho settlers the rights they were entitled <o
under the I/and Act.
Mr. Haw thornth wait* *said if tho
settlers were g-uamntoed their rights,.
he fift-w no reason for tho aim-nttiM-nt,
Mr. Oliver accused the memlier ior
Xanaimo of j-utting words into his
mouth.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite reminded the
member for Delta that his mouth wum
open so often that he was t-oiuvd to
let something slip through sometimes. In i-ossing'the- Hill thelloum*
had admitted that the Railway Conn
pivny had Parond the land, and there
fore what further right had the (Jov-
ernment to interfere. There was no
need tor it anyhow because thero
was 300*000 acres of land in the
province yet to dispose of. and the
law as it stood allowed a man to.,
pre-empt 160 acres which was enough for any man.
Mr. Macdonald's amendment was
defeated.
WEST KOOTENAY POWER COMPANY ACT.
The above proved a very contentious act. It resulted from the
quarrel of two large coiii-j-ani.-s, tho
West Kootenay and tho Cascade, as
to whether the former should havo
power to operate in tho county of
Yale, thc latter claiming that it had
exclusive rights. Mr. Hawthornthwaite tc/>k the position that the Bill
being only thc result of a sr-iiahble
between two rival capitalistic companies, it could not interest the
woetdngmen whichever won, and tho
Socialists would not vote on it. The
Bill was killed by a little strategic
move at the last sitting of the House
after a great deal of bandying ono
way or the other by the parliamentary champions of the rival ^comfyi-v-
ies. At the last sitting of the
House, the Bill still had two stages
to pass, and Harry Wright, of Yimir,
objected to the third reading, thu/i
killing it effectually. '
PARKER WILLIAMS ON COUNTRY ROADS.
When the estimation for public
works for thc year were being puss
ed, Mr. Williams took occusion to
complain of the reduction of the amount allowed for the constituency of
Newcastle. He said that if the
[ Government kept cutting down expenses for that district as they had
done, all that would bo left, of it
very soon would be its name on the
map. The roads had got into such
a state that he would like to put
the Chief Commissioner down on one
of them for five miles, and he would
bet that it would take him five
weeks to get back again. (I.aughtor. j
Even where they had n road as level
as the floor of the Ij-gtislulivo Cham-i
her, they had a skid road that would
break your nock crossing over it every nine feet, and what with trees
arid stumps, if a man bought a horse
rake, he had to take it in s.-otions
before he could get  it into his farm.
Hon. Mr. Oreen said ho had not
been through the Newcastle district,
but he promised the memlier that, if
things were as bad os he reported,
he would see that pains were taken
to make them better.
K'AIEN  ISLAND   INVESTIGATION
Ono of the bitterest debates of the
session was that on the adoption of
the Kaien Island report. Maedonald opened by accusing the Government of making false statements and
sheltering themselves {behind the
skirts of a woman.
Bowser replied in his swashbuckler
style, accusing the Opposition of
trying to poison the minds of the
people by dirty inuendoes,
McBride followed in the same strain)
and there wore one or two warm
scones and a good deal of callin-- tr
order. Poterson, Young and a host
of others followed, and Oliver talked)
against time from half past two till
4.80 in tho morning, when in spite
of thc bitterness of the opposition,
the report was adopted by a substantial majority of 20 to 12.
LOCAL OPTION.
On Saturday last Mr. J. N. Evans, of Cowichan, proposed a number of amendments to the Municipal
Clauses Act to introduce local option in Municipal! Iii*. Tho Socialists opposed it, for the reasons given    by    Mr. Hawthornthwaite.    He
freed, and to abolish capitalism—th* said    they    bad    bean trying to do \ on a division of 20 to 12
away with the liquor traffic for   tho
past 200 years,  but it   was increas.
ing all  the time,  and  would continue to do so ns long as there was pro-1
tit in it.     People did not engage in
business    for love of it, but because
under  present,     economic  conditions.
many  were  almost  forced  into    the
trades  that yielded tho largest profits.    He knew one man himself who.
with nothing else to do,  was simply
forced into this business although ho
detested it.    If the memiber for Cowichan wanted to abolish the    litjuor
traffic,     let him  vote for  the abolition of    the profit system,   and   he
would  soon destroy  the  liquor   system.
Mr. Evans' amendments were lost
on a vote of 15 to 10.
PUBLIC SCHOOLS ACT.
The amended Public Schools Act,
introduces several important changes, chief among thorn being that
which places all the schools in any
one municipality under one School
Board. Hawthornthwaite was successful in introducing on aniendsneiit
to give City Councils power to reduce the salaries of City Superintendents, which is really eifuivalcnt to
the power to discharge for which he
asked a*, first, since if a man were
not wonted, his salary could lie reduced to such a point that he would
»*■ compelled to resign his situation.
SOCIALISTS   ON   LAND   GRANTS.
Various attempts have Ik.mi tiia'le
during the session to drag the Socialist members into commit! in
thoinselves to following one party or
the other. On the last <lay of the
session mi attempt of this kind waa
mafia by the Liberals who introduced
a vote of censure on the Oovtrrnnent
for failing to tax C.P.R. lamia in
the province. Henderson, of Yale,
and Oliver, talked on this question
at considerable length, the latter
gentleman declaring that the (5-ov-
erniiient had given the land wot
free to the railway cottipunv, and
was now exempting them from taxation to Rectus their siqiport. He
also accused tho Government of making false statements in regard to
tho  situation.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said the
member for Delta with his usual
irlibness talked about false statements, nnd..vet ho said the Government had given the lund to the railway company, whon he know quite
well thnt the land hnd !*o*"n earned.
Tho motion 'hey hod moved to the
effect ihat the Government was not
worthy of the confidence of the
House, simply meant that the 0|>-
j*isition was worthy of that confidence, 'lhe question of land granls.
as represented by the workers of \B.
C, had nothing to do with it. This
land did not belong to the prople of
B.C.) anyhow, but wns hold by the
capitalist class, and was held for
them by their representatives in
that. House, and the only struir-l
was as to which particular compe-
was to get, possession of that land.
The position of the wagi- earner was
this. Ho was robbed al the |>oint
of production, antl this question of
land taxation did not affect the
working class. If the member for
Delta was so anxious for tlv- welfare of the farmers, why had he not
VOtod for his, (Mr. Hawtborn-
thw:iitc's) motion to exempt from
taxation farmers whose income waa
imilor $100/) a year. If he talked as
much and accomplished as little as
the member for Delta, ho would
spend his sessional indemnity in "buying a muzzle for himself. (I<aiifch'«-r. j.
An hon. gentleman on that sido of
the House, who was at present the
[inrist Governor of the Yukon, sat
on the floor of the House im the Gov-j
eminent of the day some years ago
anil he had never attempted to tax
those lands, ana lt waa aafe to
that if these gentlemen got tutui'j-ow-
ar tomorrow thoy would not tn.x
them. They were simply usintr this
cry in an attempt to hoodwink and
delude the people of B.C., and he refused to support a motion that
meant that these gentlemen were
worthy of support, any moro than
the present Government. So far as
ho was concerned he had no confidence in either party.
Mr. Williams said he had Mr-en very
cjuiet in the House for the past two
weeks, but he had heard so much
whriut railways and land grants thnt.
it gave him a poiu in the head. Lest
year the gentlemen of the Opposition wero crying out to tho Government to bring in a railway policy,
and now they wore chefrging the Government far having introduced some
proposals looking towards a railway policy in their caucus, for after
all a railway policy meant, nothin"
but giving aids to railways in thp
shu|)0 of land grants or money bonuses. Lnst. yoor the Opposition
condemned tho Government for having no railway policy, and this year
thoy condemned tho Government for
proposing such a thing. He wos glad
to see thorn making such rajiid advancement tn enlightenment.
As far ns tho resolution before tho
Hour., wont, he agreed with thnlmom
tier for Nnnaimo that its adoption
moant nothine loss thnn the (indorsation of the Liberal party. His opinion wns that they were no better
to be trusted—and perhaps not as
cood—as fhe Conservative Party.
Some time ago the Oowrrcment had
given a land grant to the B. C.
Southern Railway Co., and the Dominion Government had resin-ved
50,000 acres which waa given
the Provincial Government as a coal
reserve. They found out since then
that the Dominion Government had
relieved tho Crow's Nest Company
of n trnct of 5,000 acres, consist in-r
mostly of barrpn, inaccossable mountain tops. This land would become
taxable in a few years, and the railway company had to thank tho Do-
biinion Government for relieving!
them of it. before it became taxable.
For his part, before he voted for
such n motion as that before tho
Honiso, he wanted to see whether
this party was made of the same
timber as the Liberal party at Ottawa. If a condemnation of the
Government, meant a blind nndorsa-
tlkm of the Liberal party, ht. was
going to vote lt down.
Tho    Vote of censure was defeated
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
We have two cases (lOO pounds) of Bre.
vier Type, 8spoint, almost new, cost 52
<fts a pound a year ago, will sell at
25cts a lb.    Following is a sample of the Types
Hartford, Conn., Jan. lo.—A certificate
of incorporation of the Oaxaca & Pacific
Railway Company of Hartford, hat been
Gled with the w-cretary of state. Thc
authorized capital slock of the company
is 140,000 000. These figuits exceed
those of any other company which has
filed such a certificate with the secretary
WRITE       —
Western Clarion,
Box 836. VANCOUVER, B. C.
S. T. WALLACE'S
CASH GROCERY STORE
We alao carry a full line of Furniture, on easy payment,, at prices
that cannot be duplicated. Kindly
inspect our atoclc.
Ctr WntalMttr Avt ni lirrii Strait
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
C. PETERS j;
Practical l«*t
H.udM.dr Boot. «nrl Shon lo order la
.11 style.   KetMlring pr.mjjtljr .nd neatly done.     Stock  or (tapir  rruljr-n.de
Shot-, .lwsys on h.ud
MM Wtstaieetef avt,      asasft riaiiati.
LEE a MORGAN
Telephone 2291.
Sanitary Experts. Plumbing In all
Ita branches. Eatimatea furnished.
Repairs, atove connections, etc.
CHARGES  REASONABLE
••• WESTMINSTER AYE., Career* Pilar.
This is Our
Proposition
without rt-M-rvatlon of any kina.1
The choice ol hundreds of men's : A
perbly tailored and faultIcanly !-.*»,-]
ionod $15 to 120 Suite for
$10.00
Full and complete line* ln alrooit
every style — garmentn that were
made to wll at almost twice tin
prices now aslu-d for than aru hers
in a pr.-fusion of styles and tabrkM
Nover before waa our claim, "W't
give most for your moasry," so clear-
lv demonstrated.
BRIDSON'S BAKERY
Pmn Strut, Cesar Cm
TRY OUR BREAD.  CAKES.  ETC.
WAGE-LABOR
AND CAPITAL
BT KARL MARX.
Single    copies,   6   cents
copies,  'ih cent,;  15 c-ople.
cents;   40    copies,  $1.00;
copiea  and   over,   2   cents
copy.
These rata* Include poataae
to any part of Canada or the
United Kingdom.
•
60
100
per
KILR0Y, MORGAN CO., Ltd.
IS Carat,* Stmt
f ♦
'The Western Clarion"
BURNS & CO.
HAROWARE and
I Second Hand Oealer
Cook Stove, and Tools a
Specialty.
We buy and aell all Und, of
scrap metal, old machinery,
rubber,   sacks,   bottle,,  etc.
Stores—138 Cordova St., E.
hardware * junk. 101 Powell
St., new and accond hand furniture.
i 'PImm 1171      Vaacamr, 1.1.
 t
Let ihe Clarion print yoor
printing.   Tel. 824.   Bo.v 836.
|       AGENTS WANTED       !
g   YOU CM MAKE A LIVIN? ANO HELP TNE CAUSE  %
BY SELLING
9
9
9
9
t
9
9
9
THE JUNGLE
Some who started early are now selling ten
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
a copy.   Send to   us for circulars and wholesale
prices.   The book is now ready for delivery.
THC JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO.,
BOX 2004
9
«
i
a
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NEW YORK. 0
0
@$^$O«4»««0«««»ftft«««*00««««r«l««00
11
GAS TO BURW
GIVES VOU TIME AND MONEY TO BURN
l>o you do your own Cooking? Would you like to have moro
time to   devote to your housework,  fancy work, children, or huabar-d'.
An up-to-date Gas Ranfro Xo r even our Gas Hot Plates) will help
■/ou out beyond your expectations. Where you formerly spent an
hour getting a meal ready, you will find that you can accompll.il.
Me name In IR to 20 minutes with a Oas Range, nnd obtain bet-
-er results.
Call and examine our stock.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.

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