BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Clarion Jan 6, 1906

Item Metadata


JSON: wclarion-1.0318697.json
JSON-LD: wclarion-1.0318697-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): wclarion-1.0318697-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: wclarion-1.0318697-rdf.json
Turtle: wclarion-1.0318697-turtle.txt
N-Triples: wclarion-1.0318697-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: wclarion-1.0318697-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 -1     JAN ; _ 19Qti
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday,  January 6, 1906.
-I—*■»"   rayamnm
BmlMCrlptiOQ Prloo
Put Ybak
Keir Hardie, in the "Labor Leader," Outlines PoitfMHllet Opened
to the Working Class when Capitalism is no More.
That the rule of the worker is on
its way there enn bc no manner of
doubt. Of its coming; we have many
indications. • • • That which at
present tells most against tho rapid
spread of the Socialist movement in
the United States is the opposition
uf the recognized lenders of the triulo
union movement. Five years ago n
like remark would have applied to
the leaders of British trades unionism. The growth of Socialist opinion, the pressure of economic circumstances, and the open hostility
of the law courts to trade unions
have all combined in producing; a
inurkrtl change in their attitude to
lubor politics, until now almost every trade union and trade -anion lead ■■
■•r of any note in Kn^land, Scotland,
Ireland and Wales is cordially cooperating with the leading Uritish
Socialist organization—in ll/uilding
up a labor party separate and distinct from existing parties. So
great has been the progress already
made that nearly one hundred candidates will seek election next year
(190(1), most of them pledged to political independence. 1 venture upon
the prophecy (knowing something of
tho facts) that five years hence thc
movement will have reached a sim-
ilnr stage of development in the l'n-
ited Stntes of America.
To prevent a possible misunderstanding, it may lie well here to de-,1
fine what is meant by labor politics.
To the So-iali«t the term menns legislation which aims at the reorganization of society on the basis of the
public ownership of land and capital
and tho co-opi'rative production of
such commodities as the community
renjuires for its sustenance, comfort,
nnd convenience. Clearly this is a
phase of the work of the lal |.r move-j
ment In which all who accept S< ciol-
ist conception of society may take
tc 't, whatever their Social |*osition
in life mny tie. Many of - lie best
known leaders of Socialist thought
and opinion in every country are
drawn from the ranks of 'he educated classes.
Socialists do not in .hose dajs
dogmatize on the form which the
state of the future -.ill assume.
Ttiey are content to leave tbat to
tho future as a matter which does
not concern them. Thoy point to
the indisputable fact 'hat the private ownership of land nnd capita)
and the competitive method of
wealth production of every country
to a condition of industrial servitude and economic bondage, in
which their reward CAN MOVER
ideas of the non-Socialist liado unionist nre not so clearly developed.
He is mainly concerned with the
fact that his masters have been making thc laws, and that as a con.se-
tJuDnce the law usually works out
to his disadvantage.
It is inherent in the nature of
things that the ruling class should
use its authority to benefit itself,
and labor will be no exception to
this universal law. But under the
rule of labor there will be this fundamental difference from the present
or the post; that in the past thc rulers have been only a small section
of a nation who in legislating in
their own interests have done so to
thc hurt ami detriment of the welfare of the many, whereas under the
rule of labor, and inasmuch as work
is the lot of all, save the small parasite class which owns property, in
legislating for itself labor will lie
legislating for nil. From this defi-
mtiwi of lnrjjor politics it will lite evident to the reader that the term later is not here used in any narrow
or restricted sense, but includes nil
who are engaged in nny useful service, whether it bo manual or mental. Only those' neod fenr tho advent, nnd success of thn lalKir party
who are anxious to shirk their share
of the world's work. There arc hoboes at both ends of tho social
wale, and the idler who inhabits a
Palace and fares mimptuously every
ilny is a far moro dangerous creation thnn the poor "Weary Willie''
who moiiches by day and doses
Whore ho may by night. They arc
buth the products of our industrial
system, and both will diwip|>enr under Socialism.
When labor reigns supreme and
Proiierty has become a public trust
and work a Bocial service poverty
will disappear. One of the most
mysterious of tho many mysteries
of modern life is the persistence    of
poverty. pack In tho misnamed
Dark Ages in Europe, ere machinery
had been dreamt of and when industry was in Its most primitive form,
and society was based on thc military basis of feudalism, and the accumulation of wealth had scarcely
l>egun, the .common people still managed to ocist. Now, when steam
and electricity and mechanical invention and great store of capital,
and tho organization of industr,
halve increased tho productive P_]
of labor a thousandfold
thoso who toil for
do no more th
moved from, this condition, and are
liable at any moment to be plunged
into the pit by accident, sickness,
bad trade or middle age. And all
these, from tha most highly skilled
mechanic to the most lowly graded
laborer, are parts of an organization which is turning out wealth enough to satisfy a Midas. This is
the modern mystery of mysteries—
that though wealth accumulates, poverty shows no sign of decay—nay,
in Great Britain and the United
States of America, is actually a
growing cfuantity. Riches and poverty growing side by side is surely
11 strange anomaly; strange—yet a
The Socialist has no difficulty in
accounting for this puzzling phenomenon. He finds that land and capital are owned, whilst labor is hired,
the wages of the hireling being fixed
b.v competition tend always to fall
to the point of subsistence; the lower the grade of the worker the keener naturally is the competition for
jobs, and thc wages of the unskilled
therefore are always nearest to the
starvation limit. And just as thc
worst land in the market fixes the
rent of the best, so do the lowest
wages determine tho highest, and
thus, by keeping a great mass of
partly employed people struggling
fiercely for bare subsistence at the
lower end of the industrial scale, all
those above them are kept from rising as they might,, Thus it works
out that the common people arc always kept poor, whilst the wealth
that their toil creates is being filched from them in ever increasing amounts by those who own land and
capital, without the use of which labor, as things arc is helpless.
When labor reigns militarism will
disappear It is pe,rt and parcel of
the capitalist system, and will die
with it. \
Some    seek   diversion in  thc tented
And make the    sorrows   of mankind
their sport;
But war's a game which, were their
subjects wise.
Kings would not play at.
Wars are either the outcome of the
ambitions of rulers or of the necessities of certain vested interests.
Ilie Russo-.Tapnn'se war belonged to
the former category; the American-
Spanish and the British-Boer wars
to the latter. Had there been no
American sugar interests in Cuba,
and no British gold mining interests
in thc Transvaal, neither of these
wars ever would have taken place.
When we reflect that in the twenty-
eight principal nations of the world
there are 38,000,000 men trained as
soldiers, of whom 8,000,000 are actually under arms in times of peace,
and that the yearly cost of maintaining this huge engine of destruction nnd oppression in a condition
of efficiency, more or less, and. apart
from the actual cost of war, is
£870,000,000 ($1,850,000,000), it is
unthinkable that labor, which has
to bear the cost of war in life and
money, will not find a more reasonable and human method of settling
such international disputes as may
arise than that provided l.> the
dread arbitrament of war. Already
the international socialist nio.vnn-nt
is considering means -/her.'by to insure the peace of the world ny making war upon .'-ir. 1 may not soy
what is being uo:;e, but the WM future will reveal it.
The methods b.v v*hich labor will
seek to obtain control of thc avail's
of thc world will be, in the n mu,
constitutional. The ballot bot and
tho general strike will both \,1 used
as occasion may require, in the almost Immediate future a r.tw movement for tho objects aimed at in iho
revolutionary upheaval which convulsed the continent of Europe in
18IH may bo expected. I'li-VWfftl
adult Hiillrage 'or men and V0I1KB
alike, with free and unfettered parliaments, is a reform almost ripe
for Inauguration. The ltussian movement has proved what a |>owerful
weapon the political strike mny be
when used by Intrepid ami brainy
leaders. In IHIS, as beforo and
since, the revolutionary proletariat
had no thought but the street barricade as a method of fighting; now
it is seen that industry may be paralyzed, order turned into chaos and
the most ferocious of war mi '
rendered Impotent, if o;
ers of a nation wil
the hour strikes
Catling guns
such a revo!
lies o
not only will class be freed from
bondage to class, but nations from
subjection to nations. The race is
one and indivisible, and freedom can
only dwell in thc race, and not in
selected portions thereof. Mankind,
whether black, white or yellow must
be left free to work out their own
destiny by following the guidance of
their own intuition.
Even when labor rules the world tha
race will ;bte far from perfect. There
will be problems still to be solved,
heights still to be scaled, depths to
be sounded. So long as human passions exist life will have its times of
cloud, storm and sunshine. All that
we socialists claim is that the energy and time now spent upon an attempt, rarely successful, to secure
an abundance of the material roqui-
sitios of life will then be freed for
use in other and higher spheres of
effort. After all, the provision of
foim1 and raiment, and shelter should
be one of the minor affairs of life,
not its all-absorbing interest. So,
too, with the anojuisiUon of proiierty. Wealth brings care and sorrow,
in its train ifuite as often as it
brings happiness. Thc fable of long-
eared Midas, turning everything he
touched into gold, and being thereby in danger of being starved to
death for* lack of food, is packed full
of the wosdom of tho ancients. Socialism will not solve all thc riddles
of existence;, but it will at least
solve tho problem of food and raiment, and that is the work which
lies to the hand of this generation,
and to the doing of which the labor
party hns set its hand, and will not
bc denied.
One. Ministerial appointment we
view with supreme satisfaction. It is
doubtful if any one of Mr. John
Burns' warmest friends is more gratified by his accession to office than
wc are. At last our condemnation
of his betrayal of his class stands
fully and clearly justified by his
crowning act of treachery. Brazenly
and unashamed, he puts the seal
upon his treason, and accepts the reward of his recreancy. Years ago
we denounced him when he ratted
from the S.B.F. and threw in his
lot with the capitalist Ijiberal faction. We then declared our opinion that he had sold out to the Liberals, awl from time to time cited
evidences of his treachery to the
working class, as, for instance, when
in thc House of Commons ho defended Asojuith's Featherstone butchery;
an infamous crime which even a miidj
Libteral-Lobour man like Sam Woods
condemned. But no; the great body
of the working class would not ad-'
mit that Burns had done anything
wrong. To abandon Socialism, that
was nothing; the majority of workingmen were not Socialists; to desert and betray the S.D.F.—the body
which had made a public ctareer possible for him—that was almost a
meritorious act. Was not, and is
not, the S.D.F. a body of intolerant
fanatics, putting principles before
popularity, and the emancipation of
tho working-class bjefore personal ambition? Burns was still a good
man, in spite of, or even because of,
that. Now, however, we imagine
that everybody will sec the truth,
and that, as a "labor leader,"
John's career has closed with his
acceptance of the handsome Judas
bribe his Liberal paymasters have
now given him.—Justice.
Socialists the world over have) long
since learned to assess "labor leaders," and "labor members," of the
John Burns' type at their true value, as merely brazen impostors who
steal the luxury of labor to serve
capitalism in. Beneath their thin
veneer of labor pretense, lurks the
usidious treachery and deceit that
only awaits the opportunity to betray* the cause they profess to cherish, in exchange for fat positions or
other substantial benefits. Canadian
labor has not as yet been so sorely
aillictivl with this type of vermin
as that of other countries. Still we
have our own Ralph Smith, who is
known to dream of senatorships,
Lieut.-Governor fat billets, and other luscious morsels in that line.
However, if Burns, a man of some
ability, is to receive but a mere cabinet position in payment for services rendered, the oleaginous Smith
should in justice get nothing better
thnn a janitors-hip.
A New York clergyman—it is hardly worth    while to identify him, for
iore are so many like him, but his
"     is Madison C. Peters—has dis-
from    statistics    that the
of Now York aro poor   be-
,Yprk spends.JJ^Q0,000 a
"The Western Federation of Miners have decided to invest one million dollars in acquiring mines bo
that its blacklisted members can
work on their own property. Which
reminds me that the Typographical
Union has levied a 160,000 a week
assessment on its members to aid
In its strike. If it had done that
for a year it could have owned the
finest printing plant in each city in
the union years ago, nnd would be
independent of the private employers
for its members. But modern trades
unions have for their notto, "Millions for fighting, but not a darned
cent to provide members with tools
to  work  with."—Appeal   to   Reason.
Yes, and the wisdom of the Typo's
in not attempting any such chimerical scheme exceeds that of the W. F.
of M. in making tho contemplated
venture. Such efforts are in no
sense of the word any more of a solution of the labor problem than
were the colonization schemes which
the "Appeal" man will doubtless remember wero quite fashionable some
years since. These various business
schemes can be successfully carried
•on in but one way, and that is
along strictly capitalist lines, and
even then the.v must be backed by
sufficient capital to insure their ability to successfully withstand thc
assaults of other capitals en|giajg|bd iq
similar lines. The trade union move
ment never was anything but a traders' or dealers' movement. It cannot, therefore, lift itself albove engaging in traders' and dealers'
schemes. Its members may talk
about the abolition of the wage-
system, but the organization cannot act for such purpose, because
that purpose lies entirely beyond its
If the workers ever win their independence from employers they will
have to follow some other 'line of action than that of becoming capitalists themselves either singly or by
oi their unions.
o ■
The fast mail trains beginning
with the first of the year, between
New York and San Francisco will
cross the continent westward in 81J
hours, and eastward in 874 hours.
It will then be possible to mail a
letter in New York and receive a reply from San Francisco or vice
versa in seven days and eight hours.
It might be suggested that labor,
not capital,  makes this possible.
 ,  i-
Russian Refugees Anxious to Return to Ibe Scene ol the Revolu- '.'
tion in Order to Escape Starvation in London.
Hundreds of Russian refugees who
escaped massacres in Odessa and else
where, and fled to London, are finding staravtion in the streets as intolerable as the fear of death from
the mobs of hooligans in the Russian towns.
In Whitechapel recently an Express
representative was told that on the
day before a desperate body of fifty
recently arrived refugees waited upon
the Jewish Board of Guardians, and
demunded to be sent back to Russia, as they ware starving in London.
Tho Jewish guardians shook their
heads, ami said they would appoint
a committee to consider the matter.
"We do not want a committee"
declared the spokesman of the starving refugees; "it will be like committees in Russia—all empty promises. If you will not help us, we
will come with swords and revolvers
and force you t'o do as we wish."
In the last few weeks, hundreds of
Russian Jews, victims of the recent
onslaughts on the Jews in South
Russia, have landed in London penniless, or with only a few shillings
in their pockets. Every ship from
the German and Dutih ports brings
twenty or thirty victims of mob
The more fortunate find work with
sweating tailors, who pay them five
or six shillings a week, which enables them to share a night's lodging in some filthy, overcrowded garret or cellar, where eight or ten men
sleep on sacks on the floor. Black
bread, a bit of pickled herring, and
a cup of bad tea is their food, with
a piece of gherkin or cucumber as
occasional luxury.
The unlucky, who can find no work;
are going without food often for a
couple of days together. At night
they roam the strtats of Whitechapel
and Spitalfields, sleeping on staircases and in doorways until they
are moved on by the police.
By day they get a penny or a half
penny from a compatriot—the aliens
are good to one another— and then
they buy a piece of black bread and
a slice or two of cat's-meat, which
they ravenously devour.
Cat's-meat is not despised by tho
starving refugee. In Russia hc has
eaten the flesh of dogs, and horseflesh is often his only meat in London. In Wentworth street, where a
Russian market is held, there are
cat's-meat stalls, and stunted, starving, hollow-cheeked subjects of the
Czar may bc seen openly making a
meal, as they stand in the gutter,
with a crust of bread in one hand,
and a slice of horseflesh in tha
Walking in Osborn strict, White-.
chapel, with a Russian frijnd, nn
Express representative met a refugee
who has baaa in London for three
months. He offered to show his
Even with the window open the air
of the room was foul and sickening.
It was about nine feet square. Six
men had slept ln it the night before.
One was the refugee's fellow-lodger.
The other four were starving men
they had brought in from the street.
Yet this refugee reckoned himself
fortunate. Now and then, since he
arrived in London, he has had a remittance of a few shillings from a
revolutionary committee in Russia.
Now and then he had got work.
"These," he said, showing blisters
on his hands, and laughing. "I got
at work the other day. I was shifting old iron about from eight o'clock
■in the morning until ten at night. I
was paid ninonenco for the day."
Here is bis menu since Sunday;
Monday—a cup of tea given by the
woman in the next room.
Tuesday—a pickled herring and
some black bread.
Wednesday—A cup of tea and some
bread at 4 p.m., which took his
last three halfpence.
"My father" he said, "Is a Very
rich man,    but    I became a revolu-
(Continued on Page Three.)
of Socialist Candidates
Vancouver School Elections
| January 11th.  1906.
Fellow Citizbns:—
As Socialist candidates in tlie municipal campaign of 1906 we stand primarily
as advocates of the principles of Revolutionary Socialism. We affirm that poverty in
its entirety, and the major portion of the crime, vice and wretchedness that prevails
in our present social order is the result of the ownership by a privileged minority of
the essential tools of wealth production.
Nothing short of the collective ownership by the workers themselves of all the
means of wealth production can give to the people that happiness and security which.
is essential to life and liberty.
Our mission as Socialists is to remove labor from the category of commodities;
to abolish wage slavery, and establish an industrial democracy in which for the first
time in human history, mankind may be free.
To this end we must ask always and everywhere in regard to measures brought
forth by governing bodies to which we may be elected: Is this proposal in the interest
of the working class ? Will it aid that class in its struggle against capitalist domination ?
If that question can be honestly answered in the affirmative, our vote and influence will be used to further the proposed measure; if it cannot so be answered, we
remain unalterably in opposition.
As candidates for school trustee we advocate the following changes in our educational system as being distinctly in the interest of the working classes:
1. The free supply of text-books and all utensils required by the pupils of our
public schools; the establishment of a complete system of free kindergartens for the young; a general extension of manual training and the
domestic sciences, such as sewing, cooking, etc., now taught to only a
limited extent.
2. The extension of the Health Department's duties to the schools, a regular
inspection of all pupils by competent medical men, the eyes, teeth and general health being carefully supervised at the city's expense.
3. The substitution of text books on history, ethics and political economy written
from the working-class standpoint for those now in use that uphold and
honor the capitalist system. Especially will we oppose tne cultivation of
the jingo and military spirit in the young, and the glorification.
and robbery under the guise of war and con^
inaugurate courses of exercises having
.mental J^AtflttKdLllie ci T
Saturday .... January 6
fhe Western Claries
amt*emm\a*emembnmma*a*e ■>vwy»w»v*Jiiv
Published every Saturday in tba
tatamarte of tha working class alone
at the Office of the Western Clarion,
Flask Sock basement, 185 Hastings
8tiaet, Vancouver, B. C.
t<**,m*S*a^***<***m™^r*****r**<***'*r*i**r***'<t,<* wvtrww******^*****-*
Strictly in Advance.
Yearly subscription cards in lots
of flva or more, 75 cents each.
Advertising rates on application.
If you receive this paper, it is paid
Address all communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch this label on your pa-
par. If this nurafjer is on it,
your subscription expires the
next Issue.
Saturday January 6,1906.
"And if we do not take pains to
re-establish the old simple spirit of
instinctive honesty, our commercial
civilization will go down like a pack
of cards. If we are to become a
community of thieves awaiting opportunities, we can do about as
much business as a pack of brigands."—Montreal Star.
In an editorial under the above
caption, the Montreal Star recently
cites the case of CunliQe, the express
clerk who stole $100,000 from his
company, and when captured, said.
that the temptation was so great
tbat he could not resist it. The
Star rather deplores the existence of
circumstances under which one person should be tempted by another's
money or other possessions, and appears to instinctively feel that such
circumstances arc in some way part
and parcel of our present "commercial civilization." Without making
any inquiry as to why such circumstances exist the Star arrives at the
somewhat doleful conclusion stated
in the words above quoted.
Some people seem to look upon
honesty as an accomplishment to be
acquired by education, and a lacs.
of it to simply denote a lack of'
schooling in this particular. The
"honesty is the best policy" of the
old-time copy book was not only
used aa a means of teaching the
youngster to become master of the
chirographical up-stroke, downstroke
and curve, but also to impress a
worthy precept upon the youthful
mind. If there is any one thing
that is particularly drilled into the
minds of the young, it is the virtue
of honesty, in so far as mere teaching goes there is every reason to expect that honesty should be at least
one of the chief human attributes.
But in spite of all teachings, there
seems to be a marked lack of honesty in connection with the daily affairs of life. The papers are daily
filled wilh accounts of trickery, deceit, fraud, embezzlement and outright thievery involving sums ranging from millions of dollars down
even to pennies. ' Not only does education along the lines of honesty
and uprignt dealing, but also the
strong arm of the law with its mul-
lituues of punishments, appear powerless to successfully cope with it.
It is continually on the increase,
which has caused the Star to refer
to it a* "A Spreading Degeneracy."
if there is a "degeneracy" in this
respects there is no doubt a good
aud sufficient reason for it, and if
thai reason can be ascertained, it
might be possible to check the "degeneracy." It stands to reason that
it could not be cheesed unless the
cause be discovered and the axe laid
at its roots.
The present or capitalist system
of property is essentially dishonest.
ft has for its fundamental basis the
exploitation of labor. From this
basis is reared the superstructure of
'    •     J    .'•nmfn.err.e.     The     entire
that is the temptation to seize,
when opportunity odors, enough of
the material things of life to escape
the hell of wage-servitude and ward
off the assaults of surrounding
thieves engaged in the same quest,
and for like purpose.
Cunliffe made the mistake of not
realizing the odds against him. Re
was evidently ignorant of the safeguards that had been erected by the
big thieves to preserve their ancient
and honorable calling against invasion by "tin-horns" like himself.
Hence he came to grief, and is no
doubt by this time in genuine penitential mood. But the thieving does
not stop and dishonesty is on the in-'
crease. Tho plundering of the working class daily in the held of production affords a rich "swag" around
which swarms a "community of
thieves awaiting opportunities" to
seize as much as possible, each for
himself, and the "devil take the
The "old simple spirit ot instinctive honesty," finds no abiding place
under any system of property based
upon human slavery whether it be
chattel, feudal, or the wage form.
Capitalist property, based as it is
upon the robbery of labor, is essentially dishonest. It can breed nothing but dishonesty. Every institution that rises up in its defense is
equally dishonest because it draws
its sustenance from the same dishonest source. Whether the Star is
aware of the fact or not, it has suggested a perhaps unpleasant truth.
Modern society is a "community of
thieves awaiting opportunities," and
it can "do about as much business
as a camp of brigands," the reason
for which is obvious.
That  "our  commercial  civilization
will go down like a pack of cards,"
is a prophecy that even now   shows
.■signs of fulfilment,
From present advices it would appear that the uprising of the Russian workmen is gradually being sup
pressed. Probably no other outcome * could be reasonably expected
under the present stage of development In that country. While capitalist production has been fairly well
established in the great cities it is
undoubtedly a fact that the country
districts are still in a backward
stage of development from the true
capitalist standpoint. The peasant
must be first converted into an outright wage, slave before he can be
expected to act in conjunction with
the city worker in establishing a
working class mastery of the means
of production.
While much disaffection has been
evidenced among the soldiery and
numerous mutinies have occurred, it
seems that this tendency was not
sufficiently strong to cause any con-
siiderable number of troops to cast
their fortunes with the workmen in
their struggle for a greater freedom i
At the last moment true to their
brutal instincts the troops were used
to crush the uprising without' mercy.
From all accounts this is now to be
followed up by an even more ferocious war of extermination than
that practiced upon the Parisian proletariat after the fall of the Commune of 1871.
While the absolutism of the Czar
has undoubtedly been broken and
government in Russia will now take
on a form more suitable to the needs
of capitalist development, the Russian workers will find themselves
still at the mercy of unscrupulous
and conscienceless masters, who will
leave no stone unturned tr wring
the last ounce of profit Uoai their
toil and sweat. Against these constitutional masters the workers will
be once more compelled to engage in
death grapple in order to attain
that freedom of which they are just
now beginning to get a glimpse.
The crushing of this uprising will
take time. Crushed in one spot,
it will break out in another. But
it is certain the Russian ruling class
will not discontinue the work so long
as they can command a soldiery to
carry it out. It will be carried out
to the bitter end, and the capitalist
world will look unmoved upon the
slaughter. Whatever assistance the
revolutionists get must come from
their fellow workers of other lands.
That assistance should be generously forthcoming, for the battle they
are fighting is the battle of the
■"*»'-■-$ of the world, a battle
~"rht ere the vfc'" -
It is gradually coming to light
that the Chinese boycott against
American goods has been instigated
by the Japanese, and with true Oriental cunning. Japanese commercial pirates are thus securing for
themselves commercial advantages
that the American labor skinners
thought they had a "lead-pipe cinch"
on. This is terribly aggravating and
should arouse the ire of every patriotic Yankee, more especially of the
"working mule" variety. China is
a promising field in which to dispose
of much plunder taken from "working mules under the wage process of
capitalist brigandage. If this field,
or any considerable portion of it,
should be denied to the American
brigands (capitalists) they might be
compelled to curtail their plundering
operations and some of the mules
would lose their jobs. And a wage-
mule without a driver is a most
pitiable object.
It seems that the wonderful JVits
Roosevelt, while on hw recent Asiatic junketing tour witn ihe Hani-
man tribe, received many valuable
presents from Oriental crowned heads
and similar chief p:ra:cs, t.j whom
she was presented during her travels.
The daily press states that the duty
upon this junk amounting to $1,100
has been paid and the stuff forwarded to the Washington damsel. Some
of the Socialist papers are impudent
enough to assume that this truck
was passed through the customs at
much less than its real value in order not to tax the presidential
purse too heavily. This impudence
is entirely uncalled for. The tariff
scheme never, was anything hut a
thieve's contrivance anyhow. It is
illogical to expect foot-pads to use
the same degree of energy in sandbagging themselves or their retain,
ers, as they would upon those whom
their contrivance was intended to
compel to stand and deliver. Of
course the tariff thieves have to
make something in the nature of a
Commissioner of Immigration,
Robert Watchorn, states that New
York City is the centre of the white
slave market of the world, and that
there is a greater traffic in young
women in the city at the present
time than there ever was before.
Well, what of it? Is not the United
States the greatest capitalist country
on earth, and easily taking the lead
in the world's trade and commerce?
Such being the case, her great metropolis is entitled to the distinction
of being the centre of trade in all its
branches. The.traffic above referred
to is just as clean as any of it. The
world's boasted trade and commerce
is but the traffic in human flesh and
blood, and this in itself implies that
every virtue must be included in the
— o	
One thousand four hundred and
seventy-six of Uncle Sam's soldier
boys were convicted by court-martial
last year for desertion, Being an increase of 440 over the previous year.
This gain in business for the court-
martial was due to the increased reward paid to civil officials for the
apprehension of deserters. How many
escaped altogether is not stated.
2,529 men were dishonorably discharged during the year. It is great
to live in the land of the free and
the home of the brave, but it seems
the soldiers' life is not quite as fashionable as it used to be. It is to
be hoped the common plug will in
time aoc/Uire sense enough to keep
out of it altogether. Let those
who own the country do the fighting.
A young sailor recently committed
suicide on board H.M.S. Formidable
under the public degradation of n
flogging. According to the King's
regulations this punishment is inflicted on the bare breech by the
ship's police, in the presence of the
executive officer, medical officer, two
or more petty officers, and all the
"boys." As this interesting ceremony is merely an expression of the
majesty of ^he Royal power, thc
sailor in question must have been
especially thin-skinned to have felt
that any humiliation was attached
to the part he played in it. Such
touchy people are entirely unfit for
military of naval service. /
A chap by the name of Stuenonberg
was blown up by a bomb at Boise,
Idaho, on Dec. 30. He was governor!
of that state some few years since,
and attained considerable of a reputation as the inventor of that revered American institution known as
the "bull-pen." The bomb had been
carelessly left, presumably by some
Russian revolutionist, in the gateway leading to the Stuenenberg habitation. Such carelessness should be
frowned down. The gate was completely wrecked.
With the Typographical Union engaged in a continent-wide a ntest
with the Typothetae, ihe Iron
Moulders of Philadelphia upon the
brink of a rupture with the .':i plovers, which, if it occurs, will probably spread at least to ilie other
large cities, and with another huge
coal strike practically assured in the
Pennsylvania anthracite districts
during tho coming summer, 15*06
bids fair to prove a strenuous year,
though perchance not altogether a
happy one to large numbers of the
working people.
A now cartridge has been invented
which throws as a bullet, a cigar-
shaped cylinder of bronze which revolves during its flight at the rate
of 3,600 turns per second. At 800
yards it will have sufficient power
to penetrate a mass equivalent in
'•Hulk and resistance to six men standing behind one another. What a
glorious achievement.
lt is stated that there is likely to
be a compromise between thc Free
and United Free Churches of Scotland, the Free Church surrendering
$25,000,000 of the $37,500,000
which it awfuired under the deedsion
of the House of Lords. Somehow this
spiritual food business takes on a
grossly material aspect when measured in dollars and cents,
 o  ____
The Province of Luxemburg, Germany, a few winters Sine; *as so
infested with wolves as to in use
serious alarm among lhe mhnl-it.ariis
The authorities were, however, able
to cope with the situation by using
the soldiers for the purpose of
killing off the wolves. Thus was
one pest used in exterminating another.
A severe famine is said to prevail
in the northwestern provinces of Japan. There is also much destitution
and suffering in the big cities of the
Empire. This is some of the aftermath of the war, and is one of the
penalties thc workers have to pay
for allowing themselves to lie used
as the tools of capitalist tyranny in
lust for conquest and additional
power. Folly exacts awful penalties
from they who worship at her shrine.
United States District Judge Kohl-
saat, at Chicago, recently sentenced
Daniel Garrigan, a city fireman, to
three months' imprisonment, foi* having jeered at a "scab" during the
teamsters' strike. Served him right.
Any one who is so devoid of decency
as to indulge in such ridiculous
"horse-play" is not competent to
run at large with safety.
A special to the Montreal Star discloses the startling fact that the
Queen has ordered a new hat. Just
imagine the envy it is likely to causes
in the neighborhood.
i  EDWixn Bibi*. A. C. Brtdok-jack.
Uso. E. McCromah.
Tel. 829.   P.O. Box 982.
114 HutlHi ftrui     -     ViRcuvar. B. C.
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and tha •
ease with which it is obteinfJT
One's arlmiration for W,^
Intern "~"   'v.v*-
„The standard .of height t"
'"* Brittfv*-
»^M*MS*^**SMS*< I
ff Every Labor Union in the pi-twlnr*. .
Tiled to place a card under tins heaa    t, „T ■
month.     Secretaries please u»te.       '      " •*>
We, tho Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program qf the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should justly belong. To
the owners of the mcann of vealth
production belongs the product of
lnbor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all thc products of
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist is master; tho worker
is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
in possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property Fights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of tho product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an cvcr-swellinir stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the aib-olition of thc wage system. To.
accomplish this necessitates tho
transformation of capitalist property in tho means of wealth production into collective or working-class
property. _^m
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.    This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation as rapidlv
as possible, of capitalist, property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic organization nnd management of industry by the workers.
8, The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is abolished,
make the answer to this question its
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the Interests of
the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socinlist
Party is for it; if it will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
in its hands in such a manner as to
promote the interests of the working class alone.
hereby  apply  for  membership
111 Local
 Socialist   Party   of
I recognize the class struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I, e„ possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates thc organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
"'Mflf*, VOta and all other legltl-
the ticket and the
Socialist Party
Phoenix Trades and Labor Council
Meets every alternate Mon,u
President, M. J. Gillis; Vta^ftS
dent, N. Lenleux; Sergea*,* "
Arms. T. B. Cosgrove; BecrMaS
Treasurer, Webster Rogers
Box, 198, Phoenix, B. C.
P. 0
Phoenix Miners' Union, No 1
VV. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 730 oclock in Miners'
hall. V. Ingram, president; \y. a
Pickard, secretary.
eyey Every Local of the Socialiat
Party of Canada should run * Cwi
under thia head. $1.00 per month
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Commilt-t-j
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah'
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. q'
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.]
Vancouver, B. C.
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Ingleside Block, 313 Cambls
Street, (room 1, second floor.) £4.
ui-ational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sulli-.au Hall,
Cordova Street.
D. P. MILLS, Secretary.
Box 836, Vancouver B. C.
IjOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd aad
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. G. dribble,
organizer, 130 Hogarth Ave.
WANTED: by Chicago wholesale
house, special represent alive (or
each province in Canada. Salary
$30,00 and expenses paid weekly.
Expense money advanced. Busl-.
ness successful; position |>ermanent.
No investment required. Previous
experience not essential to engaging.    Address
General Manager, 132 l«ke St.
Chicago,  111., U.S.A.
ACCOUNTING. $50 to »100 par
month salary assured our graduates under bond. You don't pay us
until you have a position. Largest
system of telegraph schools in America. Endorsed by all rarilway officials. OPERATORS ALWAYS
IN DEMAND. Ladies ttlso admit*
ted. Write for catalogue. Morse
school of Telegraphy, Cindniattl,
O.: Buffalo. N. Y.; Atlanta, 0a.;
La Crosse, Wis.; Texarkana, Tex.;
San Francisco, Cal.
This issue is No. 854. If this is
the number upon your addresa allp.
your subscription expires with tall
number. If further copies are deelr-
ed. renewal should be made at onea
If care is taken to renew before tba
expiration of the old subscription! it
will greatly simplify matters In tha
office as well as avoid any break Is
receipt of papers.
The Bitot liber Paper ii CimiM
Always a fearlesss exponent in the
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will ot
sent to any addrem for one year.
Workingmen of all countries will
soon recognize the fact that they
mukt support and read their labor
Issued every Friday.
Thi Volet PtlliblRi Cr, Liralii*
Published Weekly by tbe
Western Federation 01 Winen
A Vigorous Advocate of Labors
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.      Six Months, tit*.
Denver, Colorado.
Ve aoUdt the biulneas of MaoMfacwrerii
•Irjeera and others who renlize the n-'™"?",
having their Patent busineM »"«B'»22
Stfc   Preliminary ad vice free.   <-b*rgt»
■ vnster'a AaMaw etatage
' itt.Nrw York MM »«■«• Matiirday .... Jantifify & J96fj;
*HE WESTERN OLARluN. VA&fomm,   Bftttlfitt COLUMBIA.
Railway Rate Legislation—Government Ownership — Oividing up
The Socialist Party—The press and the York County Loan.
Jn the United States there is now
jfivat talk of railway rate legislation by the government. In Wilshire's Magazine for December appears an article dealing with a book
l,v Hugo R. Meyer, Professor of
political Economy, University of
Chicago, entitled "Government Regulation of Railway Rates." The
writer of the article says, that in
his opinion, the book is the best presentation of the case against government regulation of railway rates
and of government ownership under
uur present competitive system that
he has yet seen.
■   i.
"In the first place it is evident, ns
professor Meyer says, that even ii
thc Interstate Commerce Commission
exercise the power to make railway
rates, it would in no way prevent
secret rebates. Thc railways would
Iiml it no more difficult to depart
svrcctly from rates made by the government, than they have found it to
depart secretly fiom rates made b.v
One of thc principal reasons
urged in favor of 'rate regulation' is
that it will abolish "secret rebates,'
if it will not do so, and the evidence
that it will do so is entirely lacking,
much trouble would be saved by
rmogniatng the fact.
•     •     •
Another reason for rate Legislation is the alleged discrimination at
present existing in favor of certain
localities. Professor Meyer shows
clearly that government ownership
in Germany and in Australia has resulted in the doing away wdth de-
ferontials in favor of certain localities, with the result that these
localities naturally most favored get
all the tnnde, and the other localities
less favore<l get practically no business at all. Hc shows that the tremendous concentration of population
in the .Australian cities is largely thn
result of these fixed uniform rates
made by the government railroads,
lie also shows that there could be
great development in very many of
the German industries if the state
railroads could -make rates based
upon what the traffic would bear,
which would bring the coal and iron
together from the different parts of
the country for manufacture, where
today the railroad tariff separates them. He shows that a distance rat,- would mean a disruption
in the United States into innumer-
able small industrial communities,
nnd the breaking up of our great
national industrial system, a system
which is so favorable to thc easy
realization of thc Socialist ideal.
•      •     •
Under these circumstances it is
plain that government ownership of
railways, instead of being as beneficial as thc middle class imagine it
to be, would bring in its train, nnd
lias done so in countries where it
exists, grave dufflculties of its own,
but this does not vitiate the Socialist argument for ownership of railways by the people. The railways
are ne essary as a basis for the co-
opcrative system, but under present
conditions in the United States government ownership would mean a
step backward instead of forward as
fondly imagined by so many bo-fog-
p.*d enthusiasts. Government ownership of railways is a (Juration of
the utmost indifference to the revolutionary Socialist. Its only value
is that it shows that thc joint stock!
company or corporation is unnecessary but so far the lesson has had no
ail'reciable effect.
•     •     •
it is often asked of a Socialist:
'Supposing you became possessed of
n million dollars, would you keep
them?' And when the answer is in
the affirmative the questioner considers the Socialist a poor sort of a
man for not practising what he is
supposed to tie preaching. It is
only the    Socialist    who   recognizes
less world, as so many emotionalists*
consider it, but a case of the interests, the material interests, of tho
working class against the material
interests of the capitalist class. We
have no quarrel with any individual
because he has plenty while others
ai-e starving, we are all struggling
to obtain plenty, but we do quarrel
with the system that gives plenty to
the non-producing class while the
producing class has nothing more
than the necessaries of life and a
tremendously large number have not
even that. We want conditions that
shnll make every worker safe from
want, we desire to abolish the necessity of robbing others in order to
avoid being rolibed ourselves, and
this end can only be obtained by the
working class acting unitedly to
seize the political power and to back
that power by force if necessary. We
can obtain nothing by an individual
here and there selling everything and
giving it to the poor, a» a certain
rich man wns recommended to do.
•      •      •
The capitalist press which we aro
told is free, is very far from being
so. It is in bondage to advertisers.
The aim of thc capitalist newspaper
is to increase its circulation so that
it may charge more for the use of
its advertising columns. Any fad
of the moment that tends to do this*
is tukk-ii up and exploited for all it
is worth, but at the same time it
must he a fad that will not hurt
the business of those advertising in
the paper. Sometimes, as in the
ease of Collier's Weekly, the increased circulation more than offsets the
loss of advert isment when any line
of business is injured. This will account for the crusade against patent
modii-ines now carried on by that
valiant middle class journal. It did
not discover that patent medicines
were rank frauds until that discovery paid, and even now it is very
careful how it treads. The Standard
Oil does not advertise so it is fair
prey for all the capitalist qjuill drivers, but readers of this column will
notice that the T. Eaton Co. does
advertise, nnd very extensively, and
nothing against that company appears jn the local papers, though we
can readily imagine the more than
unkind things that would be said
were it not for the juicy advertisements.
•     •     •
The foregoing does not apply to
the Socialist press, which gets few
if any advertisements, nor can it expect any, since its columns advocate
a system that will put an end to the)
businesses which advertise, therefore,
thc Socialist press must depend on
subscriptions and such job 'Cork as
may be obtained. It therefore becomes the duty of Socialists to subscribe to the party papers und since
charity begins at home the writer
would urge Canadian Socialists to
subscribe for the only Socialist
paper published in Canada, the
Western Clarion.   ?ts editor will not
"Crook   the  pregnant   hinges  of
the knee,
Whore thrift may follow fawning."
Hero Tn Winnipeg there are many
sympathizers of the movement, and
a goodly number of socialists by
conviction. Neither sympathy nor
conviction is worth a hill of beans
unless it .materialises in action. A
dollar sent to thc Western Clarion,
Box 836, Vancouver, for a year's
subscription will show the Mncerity
of thn sympathy, lt is so plainly
the duty of a member of the party
to support the only paper that
voices his sentiments that to solicit
a subscription from him should be
u--s.iivaU.-nt  to  an  insult.
In London '100,000 people live ,n
single rooms; 40,000 live five in a
room, and 8,000 seven in a" room.
They do not belong to the wealthy
or "better classes."
News comes from London that .a
famine is threatened in woollen
stuffs. In fact it is already somewhat acute among that city's unemployed.
Socialism means paternalism, and
the sturdy virtues engendered by
competition would wither away in
a Socialist state and progress would
cease, so soy middle class apoletgistis.
     Strange how  these  same  gentry run
'■"•ly that one must exploit" or be I lt-  lhe   government    for    assistance
exploited In society as we have it
• nnd that if he himself docs not ex-
P'oit his fellows when the opportunity arises some one else will, nnd
his fellows will not be a whit the
better off for his abstinence. He
leaves it to the individualist to be-
liovo that 'great men' make history,
that the social structure can be
altered by the efforts of individuals,
he knows that no movement can be
•-uitessful until economic conditions
are ripe for its success, when thc
linur will produce the man, nnd he
believes that in the meantime it be-
hoovee each and every man of us to
provide as best, we may for ourselves and those dependent on us.
• • •
The Socialist Party is a working
'lass party, and as such is thc expression of the material interests of
'hat class. It is not a case of unselfishness versus a cruel and   heart-
when they happen to get bitten by
the fleecers wiser than they. A deputation of York County Loan
shareholders waited upon the piWin-
aial government the other dny and
obtained promise of financial assistance in looking after their interests
during thc winding up of the business, An investor of the York
County Loan expected something for
nothing, the fact that the president
and some others got thc something
and left the investors thc nothing
or next to nothing foi very distressing, but merely shows that the investors were beaten at their own
game The York County investors
will doubtless continue to do thoir
best to sustain the system under
whi h they must rob, or be robbed.
Possibly the next timo they get bdt-
ten some of them may become possessed of some economic sense.
The attention of "strenuous" Teddy should be called to the fact that
the dealer is the only one in a position to be assured of a "Square
deal" and even then he must lake
some chances on the other f'jlhmf's
A Brooklyn man has invented an
auto-car that is to develop a speed
of 250 miles per hour. It is designed especially for the use of the sovereign American "job chaser," and
is expected to quite comfortably fill
a long felt want.
On every;square inch of our bodies
the air presses with a force of 15
pounds. The head alone sustains a
pressure of a ton and a haVf. This
would indicate a strength greater
than cast-iron. No wonder it is so
difficult for an idea to get through
a workingman's skull.
Miners Union, No. 215, W. F. of M.
of Mount Sicker, is arranging for a
Grand Ball and Supper on Wednesday, Jan. io. We acknowledge the
receipt of complimentary tickets and
would like to attend as a good time
is assured. The miners know just
how to arrange such affairs.
In referring to the killing of the
Moscow chief of police by the revolutionists, the San Francisco Chronicle announces that the "campaign
of murder has begun." Tbe slaughter that has been carried on for centuries by the Czar's Cossacks, and
police, is evidently not to be classed
as murder. It is probably just
plain killing by authority.
The Scientific Amerian compiles
some interesting figures showing the
enormous amount of petroieum produced in the United States in a single year, and remarks that "lt is almost impossible to grasp the magnitude of nature's bounty in this respect." This is mose decidedly unfair to thc St anda td Oil Company.
The Merchant (to applicant)—
Where did you  work last?
The Office Boy—For de Gotham
Life Insurance  Company.
The Merchant—How'd you come
to quit?
The Office Boy—One day de president patted me on de head an' advised me ter be honest an' never
tell a lie, an' I snorted right out in
spite uv meselfl—Brooklyn Life.
Thomas Lawson, whose prolific
gab has for Io! these many moons
amused those whose risibilities are
peculiarly susceptible to loud noise,
is reported to have lost three millions,
in trying to "bear the copper market against the "bull" operations of
the wicked Standard Oil crowd. This
is sad indeed.
Our heartst*-ii-ii; aio as badly
wrenched and twisted as upon that
memorable occasion when Si Jones
beat Deacon Watkins ' kid out of 30
cents in a crap game.
E. V. Debs is said to have delivered an "eloquent and epigrammatic
address" at New York recently.
"Soft words butter no parsnips," nor
do eloquence and epigram solve
great problems. Less of eloquence
and epigram and more of indisputable fact and reason will be appreciated during these strenuous times.
[ It will be of much greater value besides.
A bunch of silly fools in Oregon
■•ave originated a scheme to raise a
wedding present for one of Roosevelt's youngsters, who is about to
commit the remarkable folly of getting married. It is proposed to raise
the sum of $800,000 for this purpose
by voluntary subscriptions, t
amount to be subscribed by one p_
on is to be limited to
This is quite a pro
most assuredly
^a>iot who w
tributing a
stnsical a
A West
tor  of hJJ
that   hid
It should be always borne in mind
that capital is a term applied to the
means of wealth production under
certain circumstances only. When
used for making a profit out of tbelabor of others, the resources of the
earth and the machinery of production function as capital. It is this
specific purpose that constitutes their>)|
character as capital. Capital is
predicated upon wage-labor. It is
this form of labor that conserves tho
interest of capital. By holding the
workers in a position of non-ownership in the means of production,
(upon which their lines depend) tho
owners (capitalists) are enabled to
command their services and reap a
rich harvest out of the products of
their toil. Tbe power of the capitalists to hold the workers in this
position depends solely upon thc coin
tinned capitalist contrpl of the powers of the State, legislative, judicial
and executive. Through the powers
State they buttress, bulwark!
/defend their property rights,
and thus continue t-sjeir
omti'nion over tha^orkers.
(Continued from Page One.)
tionary, and had to leave home. I
studied chemistry in St. Petersburg,
and worked there for a time. By order of the revolutionary committee,
I travelled ail over Russia, workiing
in factories and converting the work-1
men to the ideas of the revolution.
In Poltava I was arrested and im-
pri-oned. Five months ago I escaped from prison in Ekaterinoslav,
and reached London after two
months'  journeying across Europe.
"Now 1 am going back to fight.
Money is being sent by the comsmit-
tee to pay my fare, and I shall go
and help to win freedom for Russia,
or die. Better die fighting in Russia than starve in London as I have
The half-starved refugee poured
out a torrent of Yiddish, which the
friendly interpreter explained to ibe a
declaration that the revolution
would not cease until Czardom had
been entirely swept away.
Then, laughting and shaking his
head of lank black hair, thc refugee
took a piece of dirty paper from his
pocket, and read an exhortation in
verse which he hid written yesterday. Although he only had three-
ha'porth of .food, his revolutionary
spirit burnt fiercely.
In the cold, evil-smelling garret he
declaimed his poetry with as cheerful a heart as any well fed laureate.
His verses described his sufferings in
London without food or fire, but declared that in spite of them he was
happy, and he fed on the news from
Russia, and rejoiced in the revolution.
"'Freedom you must take for yourselves or the vulture Czar will tear
out your eyes and your heart," were
the last lines.
Hundreds of "intellectuals," the
refugee added, have in the last few
weeks left London for Russia, where
they are helping to organize the revolution.
Other starving refugees were afterwards found.
"I was a student at Odessa Polytechnic until a month ago," said a
tall youth, with pallid face, who was,
met in the street.
"My father was a stockbroker and
had plenty of money. I had four
((rothers and sisters. Our house was
wrecked and my father's office burned down. My father and mother,
brother and sister were killed. I
and my other two sisters escaped.
"With the little money we had left
the other to friends in Paris. I
sent one to friends in Vienna, and
worked my passage to London. I
landed without a penny on Saturday last. I have been able to find
no work yet. Yesterday and today
I have had no' food."
A woman from Warsaw, fifty years
of age, said that in the three weeks
she had been in London she has not
once slept under a roof. Her average daily food fund has been a halfpenny which one alien or another
has given her.
Two soldiers from St. Petersburg,
who broke out of military prison
and got away from Riga in workmen's clothes; nn artist from Sara-
toff, who arrived a fortnight ago;
and a Moscow student, who arrived
after lieing swindled by the emigra-
last week with only a few shillings,
tion agents, completed the evening's
All these refugees were penniless,
homeless, and suffering from hunger.
The Coat-tail Pressers' Union, or
something of that sort recently won
a case before the New' York, Court
of Apiieals. in which the legality of
the "closed shop" was affirmed. This
causes the versatile Uompers to chortle with much glee. In spite of this
decision, however, various empluyers
are persistently insisting upon ihe
other Wind of a shop, with no inconsiderable degree of success. Perhaps
they have not heard of the decision.
Sammy should inform them bpfore
they become liable for contempt of
A young Englishman, employed by
the C.P.R., at Montreal, shot himself in thc head on Dec. 12, and will
probably die. He was disappointed
over having to work Ior small wages,
after having read glowing accounts
in England of what could be done in
this country. Merely another victim of a civilization whose tap-root
runs deep down into the robbery of
the men and women who do the
world's work, and murders its victims by the millions.. Still it ia a
Christian civilization.
-  Out   {Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
60   YEARS'
Trade Marks
Anyone sanding a sketch and description may
«.»loklT ascertain our opinion tree whether an
Inrentlnn ts probably patentable. Communlm-
llons strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patent*
e. Oldest agency for securing-pateiits.
 ...ta taken throm-h Mann tt Co. receive
special notlct, without char-re. In the
Scientific American.
A handsomely Illustrated weekly. Laraest circulation of any nlentlBo Journal. Terms, II a
Tear: four months, IL Bold by all newsdealers.
>-»-.'«■*■ m j» 'as        us
sent free.
ranch Offloe, M F Bt, Washington. D. C.
IMorris Reclining  Chairs from $8.50
to $35.00
Ladies'  Fancy  Rockers,  from   $5.00
to $7.00
Sleepy    Hollow    Chairs,  from $5.50
to $12.00
Fancy Odd Parlor Chairs, from $9.00
to $25.00
Sofa Cushions, $2.00,
Cushion Tops, 50c.
Phone 718.      100 Douglas St.
From $25.00 Up.
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
89 Johnson St.,  Victoria.  B.C.
Delivered to any  part of the citjr.   Ask
Driver   to   call.     'Phone  849.
Do you kpow we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
71 BtvtrMMt Street, Victoria, ft. C.
5 yearly sub. cards tor $8.76.
Bundles of 25 or more copies to
one address, for a period of three
months or more at the rate of oae
cent per copy.
Victoria General Agent for The)
"     HERALD
"     NEWS
'■     WORLD
Also handles San Francisco Sunday Bulletin and Call. Prompt and
regular daily delivery services to
P.O. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
z Mmfactirtr tl
0 ts. • Ctatrt St.
All Descriptions of Ladies'
Gents' Garments Cleaned or Dyed,
and Pressed Equal to New. Dry
Cleaning a Specialty.
the YatcS 8t.    Viotohi*. B.O.
Patronize our advertisers.
Harris <& Moore
Dealers in
Bicycles, Guns,  Ammunition,
and Bicycle Sundries.
42 Broad St VICTORIA, B. C
Phone B969.
Albion Stove Works,
FACTORY, 35, 42 Pembroke Street,
SHOW ROOMS, 81 Douglas Street,    •
121 Hastings Street,
«^@@<$®<j§r^®®®®@<&®®$® <&$<&■&<& ®$®®® ®iSf .SriSfiSl
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUR BAT sa te  It  that
the Uenataa Uatoa Label la snsf la It. If a retailer
has loos* label* ln aia possession aad oilers te pat
on* In a hat tor you, do not patronize hiss. Lees*
labtla In retail storae ara ceunterfaite. Ths genaln*
Onion Label la perforata* oa (oar edges, exactly tba
earn* aa a postage stamp. Counterfeits ara soma,
time* parforatad aa three edges, aad soma times only
oa two. John B. Stetnoa Oo., af Philadelphia Is a
aoa-unloa eaooarn.
JOHN A. HOrriTT.  President, Oraags, M. J.
Ms*  Yo
Br 1-OUR
^^^—^^^^^^^t^^^^^^mm ■   ■ * --   - ;.      .. * ...  ee»sa»»»»^sa»»snn»»isn»»^sn»»»
.Saturday .... January 6.1906
saaumjf by r. p. PETTIPIECE. to whom all correspondence (or this department should be addressed.
'At a trade organization, the International Typographical Union en-
Joys a peculiar advantage over most
trade unions. To sell its particular
brand of labor-power, a thorough
knowledge of thc language spoken
in ita respective Jurisdiction is nee-
This makes it rather difficult for
the b oases to go into the chronically over-stocked labor markets of the
world and pick out men capable of
serving their interests.
And, by virtue of the Typos, being
among the first workers to organize,
they have succeeded by limiting apprentices, etc., in regulating the
number of their craft easier than
would be possible for even a similar
organization at this Stage of capitalist development.
The printers of America are now
in the middle of a contest for an
Eight-Hour Day.
For the most part the demand of
the Typo* has either been granted
for some time past, or will be this
week. Over 800 unions have already
been "elgned up."
if the printers "win" this time—
and the conditions are not ripe for
their defeat—it will be a significant
and memorable event in the history
of trade unionism.
The printers are still given employment by men who serve conflicting interests—railways, corporations,
Aa the trustifying process becomes
mora highly developed there will be
leas left to scrap over—less need of
a subsidized press, pulpit, and other
capitalist apologists.
The printers, like other tradesmen, are now face to face with the
machine age.
The machine is talking; it is compelling its operators to change their
mode of procedure. Its very motor-
bun, /vibration, and fumes of poisonous molten metal, breathes into it's
slaves the message: "Shorter Hours
or Death."
On the other hand, the Owner and
Master of the Machine, Bays: Profit
-rgfve us Profit. We must have
The struggle for existence is on.
The Master and Owner is preparing fOr the downfall of the slaves
of the Machine.
To   accomplish   this,    they    must
have say   two, three or four operators looking for one job—their necessities such that they must have it
or go hungry.
"Schools" are being established.
The foundation of the printers relative    security heretofore has   been
Jarred; and in spite of all the forces
which will be brought forward    to
oppose lt, tbe Typo Union, like    all
others,    must sooner or later   yield
to the inevitable.
It will result In the greatest victory ever achieved by Labor.
The wage-slaves of the world will
be forced by the law of self-preservation to make common cause, and after seizing, (politically if possible)
ths reigns of public power, will proceed to make Man Master of the Machine, instead of the Machine being
master of the Man.
It's a bitter pill for tbe "old
school" to stomach; but experience
works wonders.
Socialist Party School Trustee Candidates—Speakers of the Evening
—Much Interest Being Manifested.
Departmental stores sales-women*
cannot live by wages alone.
* ti   a
Man cannot hope to win the respect and confidence of others if ho
has none himself.
s     a     s
Room artists make poor puTJlic administrators. They belong to capitalism, and will pass away with it.
* *    *
The National Metal Trades Association watch Is now perfecting its
nr-rnnt-'ation for thc purpose of comet I ins. the unions in their struggle
for th- "open shop," ls to have a
membership of from 5,000 to 6,000
employers with a combined capital
of »1,000,000,000. It will be an interest ing spectacle to see this organization melt away under the assault
of the "Industrial Workers of the
* *   *
Root. Todd, a member of the local
Typos, as chairman of a committee
11 -cted for the purpose, has laid the
foundation for a provincial orinting
craft central organization; and his
!"■<-;•;--*.! was unanimously 'adopted
•   -m J ,,.^wir'*--t-v«--*--atinri   In other
■ ., •• - •„«■•
Not the festive "hogmanay" nor
the arduous task of making resolutions for the New Year kept thc Socialists away from their regular
propaganda meeting on Sunday evening. The City Hall was fairly
well filled with an attentive and intelligent audience to listen toCom-
rode Wilkinson and Comrade Burns,
Socialist nominees for school trustees for 1906, on matters pertaining
to education from a Socialist standpoint.
Comrade Wilkinson contributed a
number of exerpts from John Richardson's work on on Constructive
Socialism, entitled "How It Can be
Done," the object of which was to
show the importance of proper education from the working class standpoint, and the revolutionary effect
on modern society that might be
obtained through the school system
Among. changes advocated by Mr.
Richardson was the-lncrease and improvement of junior or kindergarten
schools, in order that a proper physical, mental and moral basis' might
be early laid for future education.
School meals for all pupils;, a plunge
bath to begin the day, likewise for
all pupils-,, a pretty and tasteful
uniform to be worn by rich and poor
alike, and beds on the premises for
those children needing the some,
were some of the changes suggested
by Mr. Richardson. Princes, prisoners and paupers are now fed and
clothed in England at the expense
of the nation, and the nation's
young might well share the bounty
thus lavished, for from the youth,
rich returns must come in future service to the nation.
•   •   •
Com. Ernest Burns opened his address by a few comments upon the
fitness of the gathering together of
a revolutionary party upon an evening which marked the close of the
most eventful year in working-class
history, a year beside which 1789
that of the French revolution, bo-
came insignificant. Notwithstanding
apparent reverses the Russian prole-
taire were bound to achieve a final
victory, and join with the civilized
nations in their march towards the
co-operative commonwealth.
Discusslag the utility which is
sometimes (questioned of Socialists
participating in municipal elections,
Com. Burns said in part:
' ''The main business of a Socialist
organization is to make Socialists,
but why do we make Socialists so
slowly? Why is it that so many
members of the working-class who
have everything to gain and nothing
to lose by the adoption of our principles, treat our propaganda with
scorn and indifference?
Ignorance, lack of knowledge, is
the cause. Their eyes are blinded
to the light; they see everything
through distorted spectacles. The
minds of the mass of the people are
systematically fed upon misrepresentation aad untruth, until they Imagine their welfare is wrapped up in
tlie Interest of those who live upon
their backs. The mass is too ready,
like the Russian peasant, to crucify those who stand for progress and
Ths power of the capitalists lies
not in their possession of economic
wealth; not in the fact that they
own the land, the mines, the factories and the railways of the country, nor in the fact that legislatures
are their servants, judges tneir lack"
eys and that the police, army and
navy exist but to enforce their dictates. These things are bjut the outward symbol of their rule. Their real
source of power lies in their ability
to hoodwink, delude and bamboozle
those who toil. Russia presents an
object lesson to special privilege everywhere. There the armies and navies obey their commanders only so
long ns they remain ignorant. When
<*'**'a minds become fired with tho
*"»«jrk of discontent they cease
>;>3T vote torjhdrftii-,
-. .--)*•->■■*■»■
young and plastic, and inculcates
into the growing intellects false ideas
of government, duty and society.
Of all the agencies for ;>erv«*rting
the mind of the people, 'lie public
school is the only one which tho Socialist can hope to capture in the
immediate future. The pulpic i.nd
the press, are for the present, beyond • our grasp. Therefore, the Socialists of all countries have always
laid particular stress upon school el.
actions and educational 'questions.
Herr Bdbel did not overstate the
case when he Bays that in the last
instance the solution of all social
problems depends upon popular education.
(Here the speaker cfuoted from the
German Socialist platform, a plank
pertaining to educational activity in
German schools.)
Applying the law of economic determinism to education, the -.peaker
went on to say that the physical
condition of the body is the basis
on which is built the mental and
moral superstructure, hence the Socialists made it a matter of primary importance that all children
should be supplied with wholesome
food, suitable clothing, fresh air and
ample sleep, those things of which
the children of the working class are
so often deprived, to the constant
deterioration of that class.
Referring to local conditions where
industrial development has not yet
produced the acute pressure that is
felt in older lands and larger cities,
Cam. Burns prophesied that with
the growth of population and the
consolidation of capital we should
soon have a situation demanding immediate attention. 'Already the
(Question of school supplies (books
and utensils) worked a hardship on
the parents of precarious income and
steps should be taken to make all
such supplies absolutely free to all
pupils, the books to be printed bv
the Provincial authorities rather
than by a profit-mongering book
trust, at the dictation of which
books were liable to be changed every six months. A system of free
kindergartens is a crying necessity
in Vancouver. Ample provision hus
been made for high school education,
yet, how many of the children that
enter the first grade of our public
school remain till they graduate
from the high school? Probably not
ten per cent, if statistics from other
cities may be taken as a basis for
conditions at home. In Milwaukee,
half the children go no further than
the second grade, and only three out
of every thousand complete the high
school course. In Ohio, three per
cent, of school children attend high
school, and one per cent, graduate
The high schools arc used by the
children of the well-to-do, those who
can easily afford to pay for the education of their children, and vhile
we do not object to high school education and a generous provision
therefore, yet we believe the care
and comfort of the infant children
is of infinitely more importance fioni
the working-class standpoint, - and
should receive first consideration in
the plans of school authorities.
Kindergarten methods of teaching,
which train the powers of observation, and harmoniously develop the
physical and mental activities of thu
child conform much more i • sely to
the scientific and rational ideal of
education than the old-fashioned method of cramming with book lore.
(Here the speaker took occasion
to score one on Inspector Blair who,
during his recent examination before
the Drawing Commission in Victoria
declared "a child had no business
with ideas, it was his business to
obey rules," as a typical concjntion
of capitalist educational  standards.
In manual training and domestic
science Vancouver is hopelessly behind the schools of France, or even
England, and Socialists should insist upon the extension of these
branches to all city schools. The
cultivation of the powers of reasoning and observation are much more
important than the memorizing of
dates and. places. Manual skill,
knowing how to do things easily! and
skillfully with tho hands, helps more
to truly educate a man than a knowledge of dead languages. For girls
who will in the natural order, become the wives and mothers of the
succeeding generations, a knowledge
of house-keeping, cooking and raising babies is more essential than the
correct pronunciation of mere words
of the rules of grammar.
Schools have in the past through
this    one-sided presentment of    history, done much to foster the isolation of nations and the cultivation
of the warlike spirit,
of the future, written froml the acien.
tins standpoint will not be concer--
ed    so   much with intrigue of
and princes, tho details <j**'
•>*Ai<! or    tbe    personal^*
alone is man's true providence; that
to it is owing all the achievement of
the past, end to it belongs the future.     In knowledge and experience,
the workers of the world shall yet
be united for the final struggle with
the powers of capitalism, from whidta,
struggle they must emerge no longer
slaves but free men, for the first
time in human history masters of
themselves and of the destiny of the
•     •     •
The number of thoughtful, intelligent o>estions asked at the close of
the address, betokened the serious
interest felt in the subject by the
men and women present.
|      AMONG   THE   WORKERS.      I
o  1 — o
Com. O'Brien made good in last
issue; read it over again. The chances are Com. O'Brien will return to
the Pacific salt-sea breezes—where the
revolutionary environment tends to
break the monotony of the daily
Com. Dales arrived from Winnipeg
on Friday week., looking hale and
hearty, and pleased to rejoin his old
friends and acquaintances here—who
are just as glad to have Com. Dales
with them. For some months—three
years agio—Com. Dales was associated with Mrs. 1$. E. Burns (nee Miss
Merrill) and the writer in tho publication of the Clarion, nnd after the
U.B.R.E. strike returned to Winnipeg; then took a three months' trip
to the Old Country; later visited
Comrades Mr. and Mrs. Mortimer at
St. Vincent, Minn., and now comes
to Vancouver to reside permanently.
Tho Socialist movement will be
strengthened by his presence and
knowledge. Let all such wend their
way westward. The workers are
forced to stop here—tho walking any
further west, is bad. Capitalism on
this Continent will be fought from
West—to East.
rades Parr and Godin, wero added
to the list of Socinlist candidates
for School Trustors,
Comrade Stebbings was electad
chairman for the meeting to beheld
at the City Hall next Sunday evening.
The Financial  report for the week
was as follows.
Collected last Sunday   $7.00
Donated by Com.  Stebbings.      ■ m
Other donations 	
Literature Sales 	
Total   $110.10
D. P. MILLS,  Secretary.
The Socialist Party candidates for
the Board of Education here are:
Phillips Thompson, journalist; rred
J. reel, pattern-maker, und W. H.
Rawbone,   street  railway   conductor.
Five Clarion sub.
0 .	
A number of local Flnlandori ami
trying to raise a fund for the aid „,
their suffering fellow count
Tho Socialist movement Is naturally made up of men dissatisfied withj
the present order of things.
Such a class of men of course, do
a little thinking for themselves. Few
people think alike. All are more
or less conceited. And also convinced that their way is the right way.
Otherwise they would be of no 'use
to a revolutionary movement.
Socialism is the name given a
scientific force in human events
which may be retarded, but cannot
be stopped by individuals.
Disagreements may arise between
Socialists on matters of tactics, method and whatnot; but as to fundamentals thero can be no wide diversion of opinion.
An individual Socialist, or even
more than one, or all of them might
be bad men, horse-thieves, or even
church-member, financiers, yet tho
Socialist position would remain
sound and its interpretation of material development be absolutely
A fact is a fact.
A Methodist parson might run
away with a Presbyterian's wife;
still " Christianity would be intact
and undnjured if based upon    truth.
The thing to discuss is Socialism—
not Socialists. If its message of
freedom from poverty appeals to
to you as the solution, join the party and elevate its personnel with
.your presence at its meetings.
But if you are unable to run the
organization to servo your personal
hankerings after office, don't lay it
to the cussedncss of the other fellow.
i Attributing motives reveals the
presence of the same thing nearer
Get into tho gome; play the game;
take a chance with your follow workn
Every little bit helps.
Be men; be women!
Carpers     and    mutual   admiration
'cliques will  never get time to work
for    Socialism.       They're too busy
-back-capping and finding fault with
comrades who are working to   that
Tho  retail  dealer's efforts to     account for the prices  of his   articles
are sometimes interesting.   A house-*
keeper  the  other day  asked a   gro-
ceryman in Pike street'
"Why nro apples so high in price?"
"Bccauso   they're   scarce,   ma'am."
"But,"  she protested, "thc papers
said the crop was so enormous that
apples wore rotting on tho trees."
"Yos'm.   That's why they're scarce
It didn't pay to pick 'em!"
Tho Soattle Comrades have ar-
| ranged for meetings during January
''as follows:
Jan. 7 and 8.—J. W. Slayton, National Organizer. Sunday,— "The
Social Revolution." Monday,—'"Sat
umph of Socialism." Jt
Jan. 14.—T. C. Wiswoll.   "-"   —
ist Sori»;j£ Necessarily P
Jan"'   '    'js**■ *ny»  II' *"
The histories f   W
P.W., Nanaimo—Party mentioned
has been on Clarion list since number 34».    Please notify him,
W. J. C. Chilliwack.—Your interesting article received too lata for
this wow.     Next issue.
Two other communications are
held over till next issue.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
. o ■
Starting Young.—Even tho very
smallest children are learning fron-
/.ied finance these days. On Sunday
one of the ministers of NanaMno took*
occasion to tell thc parents that a
number of vory small Sunday school
children who arc sent to Sunday
school with collection are hi thc
habit, of hanging on to it and spending it on Monday on candies.—Nanaimo Paper.
A Nanaimo correspondent Muggiest s
that tho falling off in the herring
run .it that point, may perhaps be a
mark of the Almighty's disploatmre
at the depravity existing among tho
younger generation. Ralph Smith
being a specialist in all that pertains to fishing, either theological
or the variety that roifuires a license, and a pull to get it, dqnbtod-
less enlightened the Nanaimo savages on this point during a sermon
he delivered in the Methodist Church
of that town last Sunday, upon thc
subject, "What the New Year ought
to teach us." A good many of the
savages have not forgotten tho lessons of tho old year, especially thoso
in connection with the late strike,
the famous R. Smith, Mnckmrie
King, and also the Turkeys.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ \yiiwn. in
thsir appeal they say that whi-r-.,,,
the working class ul Finland, •• iti,
all the Russian proletariat, is ^v
engaged in a struggle for poUtlaj]
freedom amid much turmoil, nXmn.
shed and suffering; and whereas un
appeal has been made for fundi to
aid in the work of agitation (or -^
establishment of adult sulTrafi am-
the reversal of the ancient system
of balloting by which the feudal lord
may VOjtO any number of tluK.H ,,p,
25, for which reform the rtcenl overthrow of the Russian aulocratlc
reign of gendarmes has but |.m»j
Ihe way; we the undei-sigii.d. ranm.
ni/iiig the kinship of labor lho world
over and sympathising with our bio.
ther Flnlnnders, sullen,,,. n^
through the wrongs ol their country
do hereby nbWrlbS the gums Mt sj.
ter our names towards thi .hum. 0(
froedOm in Finland."
Those interested In the ctrcularloa
of this appeal are Miss Jenny .!,,•„,.
son, Port Moody; Miss Ouitava if,,,,.
hi. North Vancouver; Mrs || n,|
ton, North Vancouver; Ur* Annie
Knriue, Mrs. M. l.skota, Mr a he
Karat, 661 Pacific strut Mr, tat
Mrs. Ilnmley, Mm. Ida Stasia, ."il;
Pacific Street; Mrs. Ida Ifolllt, Hrs
Olgu Myntli, 757 Prior Street
shune & Co., 71!1 Duntnruir Strut
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75,
CLARESHOLM, .Ian. 2.—I-ast fall
during a cold drizzling rain, a "prairie schooner" containing a man, his
wife and little daughter, drew up in
front of my homestcading "shack,"
and asked the privilege of camping
for the night.
They had got well started on their
journey from thoir homestead in
Northern Alberta to Southern California. A little conversation upon
'the hardships of homesteading,
brought up thc inevitable subject—
Sociglism. He informed tne that a
neighbor of his near Rod Lodge, Alberto,  was "a great Socialist."
I ennfuired his name—Sam Welch.
(In this and various other ways I
have gathered names of Socialists of
different localities in our new province.) Lost week I got a letter
from Dominion Secretary Morgan,
saying: "1 had a tetter from one,
S. W. Welch, in some place called
Red Lodge, Alberta, saying that 9
of them had formed a Socialist club
[and asking information as to form-
' ing a local. I think they ore farmers."
A large percentage of the homesteaders of Alberta have come from
the cities (back to the land), and of
these a large numbhr are already im-
butfQ with Socialist ideas. This is
only one reason why I believe Alberta is a fruitful field for Socialism.
Tho Socialist meeting scheduled
for Claresholm, Dec. 22. was a failure, but a failure which will teach
us success in tho future. We could
havo held a good omt-door meeting,
but instead, attempted to drive the
crowd into a hall.
Wo havo llvo applicants for membership to pass upon at our next
meeting ono, a Finnish comrade and
another, the President of thc Grain
Growers' Association. Ono applicant lives at Nan ton.
There is to be a debate upon Socialism at the county school house,
eight miles east of Claresholm. It
is described as a regular nest of
Has   Local    Edmonton    also been
,«.,,".' OHAS.  F. LOWRIE.
ono member of the
"'.112 last session,
days'   atten-
. desk,   or   at
.while ano-
,0 an ap-
Negligee Shirts
Nit Tu Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now
some of the choice ones will be sold
early, and some of the amis** at
cannot duplicate. If you afsarsriat*
unusual styles it will inta<--ai *•« to
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
Thi Smrtut Soft Nat ol thi Semi
These Hats have been enthusiastically received by young men from
the very first day we brought tam
out. Neither trouble nor eipenst
has been saved in thc production ol
these goods, as you will cheerfull*
acknowledge  upon examination.
tll Ceretn Stmt
Second Hand Oealer {
Cook    Stoves   and   Tools   a
Specialty.    »
We buy and sell all   l*in<ls ol }
scrap metal,    old   machinery
ruUier,   sacks,   bottles, otc.
t     Stores—138  Cordova St., E..
hardware & junk.     101  l'owell X
St.,  new  and second-hand fur- f
Pkoaa 1171       Vaocomr, 1.8.
We also carry a full line of Fond-
ture. on easy payments, at prfe"
that cannot be duplicated, Kintal
inspect our stock.
Cor Woilalaitor Avo aad Karris to*
Hand-Made Boots and Shoes to order •■
all styles.   Repalrin, prs-mptly »'''•"'*.'
ly done.    Stock  of staple rer.ly•»•«
Shoes always on hasd.
I4M WMljHStitr km,      taut nm**
Sanitary Experts.   Plumbing In   •J1
Its branches.       Estimates fiirnlsMo.
Repairs, stove connections, etc.
911 WESTMINSTER AVE., ***** m
'twill Iiml, Csdir Cove
,»»♦»♦♦ ,♦♦♦♦+♦♦♦♦*?
copies,   5   cents;
its;'15 copies.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items