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The Western Clarion Feb 9, 1907

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Array "■'■"'—"■*-
<&*"   —    ^
Wished in tbe-interests oMbe • WorKii»a
i* ■•
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday. February 9, 1907
""SSRS-T" 81.00
Pointers as to Future Action Gleaned
From Experience During Recent
Now that the amoks' 0f battle has tha Executive to see ovory working-
parlially cleared away It is fitting man la on the list us soon aa he ur-
il.itt we ahould go carefully ovor our mci aad moke periodical reports of
iml.t of action, sir** tap the comparu- pr(,grt_t. Had this been done for
ilxe value of th* iljni.-r.-xit methods of .   , ...        ,    ,.
pr..,.ag_mla, urn-over onr weaknesses «" -,,ur b**P" ***■ tlutrt"n wc
nml forge anew our weapon* of of-: would have swept the majority of
f«nse and defense for the next cam-' the ridings we contested. The nutn-
i-oign. At this time of writing we be? ol the v.it.tn favuruble to us off
have elected at least thrw of our tru.- list exceed-, in many plate*, those
. .tmrade* to the Iocs! houm* by over-] who were on.
«> h<r*lming majorities. .Ilia I law- in our propaganda there has been
thornthwalte In Nanaimo, I'arker j mm h di-icus-don mai.ie and outKitio
Williams In Newcastle, .(..hn Mcinn.-s j tin.- party an lo the best method* to
n <>rai.d l-'.irk*. There an* two | ul trail the working class to our
others, Moore of Fernie, llyn<-» of j t-fundard. It is plainly evident to
i'r.***nwyumI,  no close  that .'itter  <>r t tt*a that the worker* who support the
troth may yet la? elected. !>_% i<l.*...n
of Slocan ho* gone down to tM.-ai.
This I* deeply to lie regretted but,
con*l<lering the situation wns inevitable, 'rhe mlnera who elected Davidson l**t time on the Independent
labor ticket, have nil lieen driven
out of tho riding to hunt jobs eltn*-
\vhoft*. beewmi Ol the action of the
!.**id tr>i**t which now control* that
region in abutting down their plants
t.. Iiml! the -.apply »f the cotnm.xll-
ilcs they c.inlrol. In Rossland Berry
made a gDOd tight, but this district
has lieen Invaded t."» recently b.v the
H.-rlBllsts tr» ptiHlner- wtnutng re-
unit* In .Nelson the |>ettv bourgcii*
■d»0| koefiet- an* too plentiful 11* v.-t
(or the rev.ilutlonisis lo outvote.
Time, which is the uiineisal sfe ii'.c
for all ilia, will doubt I. m* wipe out
i hia tflae*1l al**.' In Vancouver
then is reason for much fwttefection
in  tne cleanness of the \nto. thc Bv*
caadtdafee ea.-h receiving aa average
..f over six hundred. There were
..nlv alMHtt twenty vote* difference
lilt*eot| the highest un.l lowest can-
•itdutea. ThotiRh the numter mon-
tiooud Is ctmsidc'rahly less than tho
vote cast throe ymtrt ago. it must
he kept in mind that on that ocoa*
M'.!i Iter** wns less than one hundred
who .voted tte Socialist ticket
straight, while this time there W*re
ovsr five hundred. Altogether there
lias l-eeu a roarkiil increase In thc
S.-tialist vote throughout the province Two gratifying results are
plainly in evidence and those nre
th- utter rout of the Liberal and -."- j
calico labor parlies The former'
made a part ifutorly VonOmou* attack
oo the Hotialisls. i'n.ir apologist*
lacking sufhVient Intelligence to 'li*-
ens* the principle* <>f Boetaliani, unable to successfully attack tho legislative record of our comrades in the
hoi;!*!, wngmi a dirty campaign of
lies nnd slander. This party is the
political reflex of a h_rt-dytng economic class—the middle cluss. Sipi.-er-
'Sl between the upper mlnVetane "I
large capital ami the nether mill
store of an awakening proletariat,
they made a desperate attempt l>>
> In mpioning the predatory interests
>«f the Orand Trunk Pacific to eacapo
th.-ir Inevitable doom »'"! 'I'**1*
AnIich to ashes, dirt to dirt, for
thet.i at least in this province The •
shall bo no resurrection. The »• ■-
<alld Ijabor party vole was absolutely insignilli-ant in Vancouver and
Victoria, An analysis of th.-ir vote
in Vancouver shows n slump of over
One thousand since lust  olectlon.
Moreover, by a tally kept by our
scrutineers none of their vote come
onr nay and little of it vntti
straight for thoir own camdidate*.
the most of it being split up Liberal
nnd Conservative. This also I* as it
should be nnd marks the end of the
n*e of these "decoys" to split the
I Abor vote'. Wo hnvo often been
urged to cultivate the Inion Labqr
vote. Thi* voto ha* been demon
Ntmtod to tie a myth. With at least
ftvo members of Trades Unions on
tho list with clean records. thi\\
showed their fidelity and support of
tho Union Label * by falling over
tlx'iiiHelvpa to voto tho cnpitniist
ticket, it must not te Inferred from
this that thoro were no marmber* of
-if do unions voting our ticket, but
ihey voted it ns workingmen and Socialists if their expronsioiiH ore any
how for our own weakness, Above
ovei-vthlng else wo must pay ii-ton-
tfvl to tho registration on the vot-
-f« list. The capitalist vote is
"tntlnnary, our* to a large oxtont is
writing. Wo must endeavor to te-
"-uk. amendments to the election to
tennjt the transfer of a man's vote
'**<>m tho place ho gets out of to the
place whore ho •ucccaaftilly annexes
|i Job. This will of course te fought.
Failing thia we must havo a comrade in each   riding    responsible to
tern.   Another thing, it is waste of
time to build Utopias.   No two men
even   in    the    Socialist    movement
could te found to agree on the do-
tails of their construction especially
bo while they are still in the air.   The
working class when they have fought
their  way  to  that    stage,  may  be
safely trusted to do the job.   In fact
they will assuredly show an absolute
disregard for anything we may put
up in  that line, nor do we attract
the bourgeois by these means, nor ia
it desirable wo should.    Any middle
class exponents of socialism are valuable  only  where  they can  aee and
accept   tho     proletarian    point     of
view  and  attack    the  wage system.
All others bring confusion and are a
positive hindrance to tbe movement.
One fact in conclusion to clinch the
foregoing  crude   argument*.    In   the
ridings  of Newcastle  and  Nanaimo,
where  the    combined   vote  of  Hawthornthwaite   and   Williams    almost
.spin I I'll that of tbeir four opponents
the hard colrl facts of capitalist exploitation have    been   served up as
propaganda.     Capitalist   patriotism
wa* slapped, bourgeois prejudices assaulted and the result is a position
ao  impregnable  that  no  attack  can
<!*••!' .ice  them.      Where  we  compromised wc lost and lost badly.   1 hope
that   our comrades  every There  may
benefit   by  the  experience  gained   in
this election    nnd     tbe   next   time
wc engage in bnt tle with capitalism
we may lie more united on our revolutionary platform then over before.
partlee of the capitalist ciuns do so
in ignorance of warn the continuance
»l the present system of wealth production means to •.hem. Therefore
• t is enlightenment that is needed.
It l.i uncontrovertible that the working class, a varied assortment of
wirking fanners, tailors, carpenters,
matl.lnista, etc., produce all the'
uealth consumed in the world, and!
all   the   machinery     for     producing
mare of it.    Vet me tad the work-;
lug class own little or none of It—:
a few mortgaged homes, a little
choal (uniit ,ire, and food enough for
about a week constitute their sole
pi.s*. -sioiis, even where tbey are not
In debt enough to wipe out all that.
TI;eiefoie it is nils ilutcly correct to
si. that Ihey are lieing robbed of
all they pr.since. Thia robbery is
am.n.plishod under the wnge system.
The capitalists baying the labor
p. met of the worker* at its market
prtc and Wiling the product of the
worker at its murket price and
pocketing the difference between whut
is paid tho luborer in wages and
what tte product of the laborer sells for. Under capitalism
nil production censes. Production is
nut carried on to satisfy human
needs. It Is carried on simply for
piiifit. No food is produced, no coal
is mined. n<> clothing manufactured,
no bouses built except where profit
may lie mnde out of the laborers
who do the work. Why th^p, suys
some one. do not the workers cm-
ploy themselves? Tlc-rause the tools
of production hnve become too gi-
Uiintic fur one worker to operate.
It takes armies of them, each per-
foriiiing a little part, collectively producing it all. No owner of
small means of production can stand
up in competition against tho large
concerns which have grown out of
the ruthlesj^ war competing firms
have had to engage in to find mor-
ket* for the products they have robbed   labor   out   of.
In my opinion nil of our propa-
gantfa should centre nround this rob-
Utg of labor. No attempt should !>o
tnado to conciliate bourgeois prt-fu-
tli.es. No matter how fair ond reasonable one may show Socialism to
bt il will not induce tho bourgeois
.is a class l" sole down their imim- j
Slat* material Interests unit will re; el |
thc workers whom otherwise we
could attract. The adoption mf such
things as government ownership, mid
Initiative and referendum cannot be
made to show wherein tho slavery of
the workers can bo abolished or iho
load 'hey cnrr.v lightened. It may
l«! argued that these measures must
be adopted before we have soeiulistn.
('runt that for the sake of an argument the capitalists will do it themselves when it is neressnry in their
OWtl interests and only then. Our
position is to show the workers thot
the chains of tho wag- system will
still bind them Under govtvrnment
ownership. Whatever industry Is
iuu by tho government is run in tho
ii,I crests ol the class that own that
g(.\eminent. Wo must get hold of
tho public power. Having thnt con*
tnl the capitalists mnkc the robbery
of labor legal nnd can nnd do put
down nil attempts nt revolt against
degrading condition*, Re*«d**e thl*
control and we can free lnbor bv
making it nmst or of the tools it
ime*. Now ns to palliative legislation, lt is a fact that reforms come
noal plentifully when tho throat of
evolution is the strongest. Never
•eforo  have    lho   capitalist  parties
In the municipal elections at Born-
heini. noar Frankfurt-on-Main, our
comrades recently doubled the number of their representatives in tbe
council—winning three seats—despite
a property qualification of $300. In
jthe provinces of Brandenburg, at
Zebdenit-h, two comrades were elected, with a majority of 50, into the
communal council. In Altlusaheim,
in lluden, the social democratic list
won with 114 to 115 vote*, the
bourgeois opponents getting 69 to
70. In Essen our vote at the municipal elections rose from 1,493 'in
1904, to 2,238 in 1900; in a subnrb
of Essen, from 80 in 1903 to 299 in
1906. The other parties, including
the Catholics, have all lost vote*.
ln Strassburg it has been resolved
to publish our party organ, the
Freie Presae, in a French as well as
a German edition.
To give an idea of what a power
our party haa become in Berlin: On
the day of the dissolution of the
reiebstag, when our party organ had
no more news than any other, all
copies were sold out of the Vor-
waerts. All people in the trains in-
stinrtivelv called for the Vorwaerts,
copies were sold at 1 mark (ls.) instead of 5 pf.  (1-2 d.), and at the
 rates special  ti|ia were paid to the
°  j waiters  to  secure  a copy   (and  that
It was reported in the daily  press   in. tafcs    whe",     th,e    Vorwaerte  ia
. »*"™" I taken in several copies.). The workers were not those who made the demand—the.- had their copies in their
pockets—but the bourgeoisie had only
one instinct, viz., to know what the
most powerful party paper in Germany had to say on the question.
Never has there been an election,
perhaps, in which the social democracy has teen completely left to itself as this one. More and more
clear every <l«y ia the bond which
unites all bourgeois parties of all
Iholors in common hostility to us. We
"No  alliance    with     those  revolu-£ see   tho  radicals and  ultra-conserva-
No Reference to tile Long-Continued
Incarceratioo of the Western
Federation Officials.
not long since that the Liberal
Purty of Ontario, was -.canning the
hori'on in search ot an able leader.
How would W. W. B. Mcinnes do ?
Surely thc man who so easily set
things right in the Yukon and then
b-d the liberals of British Columbia
to the glorious victory of last Sat-
urdo\ ls eminently quelified for any
political stunt required in Ontario,
no matter how foul its purpose.
ti'initlt who would haul down our
flag,'' was the sl. gun ol B. 0. Liberals during the recent campaign,
ln view of the emphatic repudiation
Of these Lilicral sipiawkcrs, by the
elect i>rate on Feb . 2, the "revolutionists" seem to be quite satisfied.
Kvcn decent revolutionist* are tome*
whut particular as to who tbey associate with.
tives forming alliances for common
cat didatures at the first ballot. That
may even lose us certain seata, but
it lays the foundation of a future
victory so much the more certainly
as it implies the actual bankrupt<
of the bourgeois liberal parties-.
They declare their own impotence,
and throw their principles overboard.
Directed to Socialists as Well as Those
on the Other Side of the Fence.
bvn.i*. .^^^^^^^__  _^^^
been so solicitous about tho workors.
They hml a program of Immediate
(lemunits much similar to that
adopted by Socialist parties in their
Infr.ncy until they got to know better. The strength of our platform
wns denrly illustrated in this ro-
spi'ct.. Thoy could not stonl a plonk
from it nnd thoy dare not discuss
our   impeachment   of  tho   wage  By*-1
Rver  talked    to     thc  fellow  ln  the
shun n I mui t.  Socialism?
Have y.iu asked him down to your
pro{uigiindn  meetings?
Hnve yon handed him pamphlets
and papers to read?
Have you gut him thinking about
some of thc injustices of capitalism?
Have you told him why he ond his
class wear the badge of poverty and
social   Inferiority.
1 lave you pointed out tq blm that
competition and private ownership
of the uie.uis whereby the many
must live jjAre the parents of four-
tifth.v of till tho poverty nnd crime
and inequality in tho world?
Have you explained that the mil-
flonaire* are not the people to rail
uguinst, nor the corruptionists, nor
the captains of industry, but that it
is the system which is responsible
for all the evils now so loudly declaimed  against?
Hnvo you insisted thnt if he votea
for "the system" he is as much to
blnmo for its monstrosities a* anybody else?
Have vou shown him the light of
a  new civilization?
Have you inspired him with tho
Idea of tho co-operative cooimon-
No'   Then  get busy.      Your  hi
is needed  in  tho work  of agitation,
education,   n,nd      tho    realization  of
the Socialist program.
Are vou not a Socialist?
Is it becuuse you do not believe in
making people discontontod? Know,
thon. that discontent ia the mainspring of progress.
.       .       •       a
Is it because you have been told
thnt Socialists aro a selfish, lot?
'Phis is a slander, ns you will see on
a little reflection, for it proflteth no
man's pocket-book to cut against
thc grain  of   publio  prejudice and
challenge the   powers    that rule to
prove tbeir usefulness.
a        •        •        •        •
la it because you are "patriotic"
and have beard that Socialism is an
importation from Europe? Then, if
you are a Christian, you must renounce your religion, for originally
it is an importation from Palestine.
And you must renounce many cure*
for diseases, such as the Koch diagnosis of consumption, for they came
out of foreign lands.
• a       •       a       a
Is it because you aro afraid of losing your job, or fear the criticism ot
your friends, that you do not avow
yourself a Socialist? Then be honest and admit you are a coward.
I* it because you do not agree
with everything tho Soclalista say?
But Socialists by no means agree
with everything each other say.
Moreover, you cannot surely agree
with overything the capitalists say.
Then,   why remain in their ranks?
• *■••*
Is it because you heard some clergyman say that Socialism will destroy tho home? But the home is already destroyed for millions of people. Capitalism has done that very
effectively. It has crowded tho
working classes into tenements,
made women marry for subsistence,
rather than for love, lured thousands of their sisters into prostitution, spread squalor where there
should be beauty, made father, mother nnd children compete with each
other for work, and brought about
a condition in which only a small
percentage of people own the houses
in which they live. Socialism will
reconstruct the homo, will rescue it
from the iron hand  of capitalism.
• •       •       m       m
Is it because you do not understand the subject? Then get busy
and learn about it. It will be
worth your while, and not only
youra, but of your fellows and of
the world at largo.—W. R. Shier,
As the day approaches for tbe
trial in Idaho it becomes more and
more apparent that the original conspiracy to railroad tbe Western Federation's official* to the gallows has
not teen abandoned. There is little
doubt in the minds of people who
have paid close attention to tbe proceedings thus far that there is literally no evidence . upon which to
convict the imprisoned men. Still,
the agents of the Mine Owner*' Association are determined that tbe
men must bang, evidence or no evidence. To thi* end all the civil
rights of tbe accused have been set
aside by the various state officials and judges in Colorado and
Idaho, and thev have had their acts
of usurpation confirmed by every
court of review up to the highest
judicial tribunal, the Supremo Court
of the  United Statea.
The latest addition to the forces
that would destroy the lives of the
innocent victims of corporate greed
is thc force of the American daily
press. Tbe leading daily newspapers
of the nation have unquestionably
entered into a conspiracy ot silence
(concerning the long-continued incarceration of Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibone. You see nothing at all
in the columns of these mighty purveyors of the "news" concerning
what is done in the interest of the
accused by their friends on the outside.
Have you read anything in the pa-
pcrs about thc big mass meeting in
New York City on the night of the
20th, when one of the largest halls
in the city was crowded to its fullest capacity by enthusiastic thousands to listen to speakers in behalf
of the imprisoned men?
To be sure, these thousands were
laboring men and women, and the
speakers were also laboring men.
Don't vou think it is strange tbat
so important a piece of information
should be suppressed? And don't
you think that tho reason it waa
suppressed is because if printed tbe
account would stir up other laboring men in other cities to go and do
likewise, and also protest against
this farce in Idaho that keeps innocent men imprisoned for more than a
year without the chance of facing
their accusers in court?
Whenever there is a "booster's
banquet" the daily papers devote
column after column to the "hot
air" of the speakers, and a few more
columns in small type to the publication of an alphabetical list of
those invited and those in attendance. But whenever the laboring
people get together to make a protest against the inhuman conduct of
somo public officials, no matter how
true their complaint, no matter how
eloquent their anneal, no matter
how patriotic the sentiments expressed, tbe papers utterly ignore
the whole matter.
The controlling spirits ot the pab-
lic press are wise enough to understand the Dover of the printed page.
They also have a keen conception of
tho cupidity of the average laboring
man. They know full well that the
w-agu earner will keep on paying for
the favorite daily paper no matter
what is printed therein, no matter
what is omitted. Being thoroughly
honest and honorable himself, it is
difficult for the ordinary working-
man to reach the conclusion that
such "prominent" and "influential"
citizens ns newspaper publishers
would by any chance degrade themselves to the point of deliberately
discriminating against the laborers
as a class—that newspaper publishers would calmly print all the news
concerning the rich and influential
and leave out nil tho news concerning those who are struggling for
even-handed justice. But the fact is
too plain to bo longer ignored.
We have referred above to tha bi
mass meeting held in New York,
which was not noticed by the daily
papers. We might refer to similar
cases in other cities. In many of
the populous centers of the country
particularly in the Kast, all labor
unions of every kind and description
are sending dolegatos tc what has
become known as "Moyer-Hay wood
conferences." They are doing more.
They ale sending along dollars by
thc tens, by tho hundreds and by the
thousands. Every whore there is
marvelous enthusiasm and interest
displayed among workingmen in lie-
half of the imprisoned comrades in
Idaho. Certainly the reporters for
newspapers are not ignorant of theae
facts. A newspaper reporter who
would by any possible chance miss
noticing a gift of ten dollar* or so
by some niggardly millionaire to
aorae perfunctory charity would be
fired instanter by the managing director. No such "dunce" would stay
on tbe reportorial staff for a sacred
minute. Then how does it happen
that nothing appears about the
workingmen giving of their scanty
substance to help their fellowtnen?
The only answer that can be give-
is that the managing editor ia instructed by the bos* above him to
"cut it out," and in order to hold
his job he does aa he ia told.
But the strange part of it all is
that the laboring men still have
some faith in the newspapers. They
still remain on the subscription liat.
They fail or refuse to read paper*
(and there are many auch) that print
labor news for laboring men. Just
what attraction capitalist news
printed for capitalist* has to the laboring men is beyond conception.
Certainly no one know* what will
bc the outcome of the efforts to rush
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone to
thc gallows in Idaho, evidence or no
evidence, before a biased court or a
packed jury. But let ua hope in any
event that one of the results will be
that tbe American workingman will
break awa- from his worship of the
plutocratic dailv newspaper. Let ua
hope that he will see the error of
his way and give his substance only
to such newspapers as are printed
solely in his own interest.—Miners*
(Latest Returns.)
Dubberly   59»
Kingsley   617
McVety  .616
Pettipiece  602
Stebbinps   698
Average, 607.
Watters   441
Williams  259
(Fourteen polls to hear from.)
Lefeaux   86
(Five polls* to hear from.)
Kilbr   46
Hawthornthwaite  344
(Three polls to hear from.)
Davidson  60
(Thirteen polls to hear from.)
Winkler   18
(Sixteen polls to hear from.)
Logio    76
Philips   96
(Two places to hear from.)
Moore  880
(Two places to hoar from.)
Mcinnes   819
Berry  .,  98
Dynes  »  no returns
Cartwright   26
(Partial  returns.)
Lcdingham   no return*
Keports from all parts ot Russia
indicate that the Socialist representatives will be in a majority in the
next Duma. In somo provinces an
alliance has been made between the
Socialists and the constitutional
Democrats. It will probably be up
to the Czar to onco more dissolve
the house.
Two thousand textile workers out
on strike at Orizaba, Mexico, agreed
to submit their grievances to President Diaz for arbitration. His
award not being satisfactory they
remained on strl'ke. The troops
were called out and ordered to Are
upon the strikers. 30 were killed
and 80 wounded. Mexican capitalism is attaining to first rank.
■   !
.' m wimfcft OLAttoii, VA-t^qri-t. iiitBMt (muhim^
BATtmfaXY, F-tiiibABY o,
The Western Clarion
Pub-shed ovary Satavrday ta the
mterest* of the worfct-g claaa alone
at Ae Ofkn et tba Western Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 165 Haatinge
Street, VaacoBfer B. C
Strict*- In Adtra-o*.
Yearly «ubecrip_on carda in  lota
of fi    or mora, 75 cents each.
Bnndlet of 5 or more copies, for a
period of not lets than three months,
at the rate of one cent per copy per
Ad-ertUng rates on appHcatkm.
If yam taxable tUa paper, it is paid
In making remittance by cheque,
exchange most be added. Addres*
all communications and make all
money orders payable to
******    „   „
Vancoarer, B. C
Watch this label on yoor pa*
per.   If this number is on it,
**n*wt% tna
bor, this exploitation must of necessity be tbe starting point of the
movement that is destined to overthrow it. It is the cause from
which springs the revolutionary aspirations of the working class. Theae
aspirations could not lodge in the
heads of the workers it this exploitation did not exist. They cannot crystallize into effective action
unless the workers have first obtained a clear understanding of tbe
circumstances making such exploitation possible and the means use I to
render it effective. For this reason
all revolutionary propaganda, to be
worthy of the name, must be analytical of capital production and the
position of Ijabor under it. A knowledge of capitalist production can
alone insure to the workers correct
action looking to its future overthrow. Without this they are lost
in confusion and hopelessly buffeted
by  every  adverse current.
The comrades in other localities
may well profit by the example set
by the miners of Nanaimo and Ladysmith, by de|-ending upon tbeir own
efforts to find their way to solid
ground rather than expecting some
oratorical Moses to lead them from
tbe rwamp and bog of the capitalist
economic and political wilderness.
This is at lea-it one useful lesson
tbat may lie drawn from the recent
theae men who have been imprisoned
tor a year for no other crime than
that, ot loyalty to the working clasa,
let them carry out that detertnina-
tion in any way ihat may promise
Hold your protest meetings and
trumpet forth your warniug. The
time is short. Energetic action is
required. Act while there is yet
It would be well for the comrades
of British Columbia to profit astir
as possible, by the experiences of
the late campaign. To draw correct
conclusions regarding the policy and
line of action to be pursued in the
future, it becomes necessary to aur-
vey the work done in order to ascertain ii errors of judgment have been
made and if possible, take steps to
avoid their repetition.
An immense amount of propaganda has been carried on in this province during recent years. It may
not at all times have been the soundest or moat scientific. Be that aa it
may, however, it haa resulted in a
wide dissemination of Socialiat
ideas. Socialism has become the
main topic of discussion throughout
a large portion of the province.
That an ever increasing number of
people are thinking along Socialist
lines there is abundance of evidence
to prove. Tnat the worl. of organization has not kept pace witb that
of propaganda is also equally plain.
The task which the present systam
aeta for the revolutionary working
class to accomplian is not an easy
one. To set about its accomplisn-
ment in an intelligent manner it becomes absolutely necessary that the
worker* acquire at leaat some knowledge of the present aystem and tbe
circuit—itauces that hedge tbem about
under its rule. This knowledge, and
it is absolutely necessary, cannot be
imparted to the workera in one night
stands by oratorical acrobats, who,
as a rule, know little or nothing of
tho aubject in question. An unprejudiced survey of the field shows beyond question that thoae localities
where the workers have most completely depended upon their own efforts to carry the work, have registered the most substantial and
permanent advance. Nanaimo and
Newcastle districts are particularly
noticeable cases in point. The men
in these districts have relied solely
upon themselves, using only such
local talent as waa available for
carrying on both propaganda and organisation. Tne substantial nature
of the work done is evidenced in the
result -of the recent election when
Hawthornthwaite and Williams received a vote aa large as that of
both their opponents combined.
These results have been reached in
face of tha most powerful and determined opposition that capitalist
trickery and coin could produce, it
has been aome three or four years
since the comrades of Nanaimo and
Ladysmith have indulged in the importation of any perfervid oratory
or acrobatic stage performance, and
the results accomplished attest the
wisdom of their course. From their
own ranks, they have developed the
men qualified to defend their cause,
either upon the floor of parliament
or on the public platform, against
all opposition. The spirit of self-
reliance thus cultivated is of Incalculable value to the movement as a
In appealing to tlie emotion* of men
oratorv and stage acrobatics are undoubtedly of value. In dealing witb
the cold, practical, material problems of life they are worse than useless. They convince no one. Tbey
leave no lasting impression behind.
They rather tend to confuse Issues
than to make clear the facts upon
which tbey rest.
As capitalist production is baaed
solely upon the exploitation of la-
According to report the trial of
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone, imprisoned officers of the Weatern Federation of Miners, is to come on
early next month at Caldwell,
Idaho. Renewed activity ia manifested throughout the country upon
behalf of the accused men by tbeir
fellow-workers through their various
labor organizations. This ia as it
should be. Action by the working
class cannot be too vigorous and emphatic at this time. It is plainly
to be seen that nothing short of
most energetic action upon the part
of the workers can prevent the carrying out of one of thc lowest and
most contemptible conspiracies
against the working class ever concocted by ruling class vengeance and
lust for blood. Nothing ahort ot
most peremptory warning can prevent the accomplishment of the mur-,
der of these men at the hand* of tbe
cutthroats selected to do the bidding
of the industrial pirates who have
fastened their foul clutches upon the
throat of labor.
By every act and utterance iu connection with the persecution of
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone thc
ruling class of the United States
and their thugs and ruffians have
proclaimed their intention to commit murder. This is by no means
strange. Every line of history goes
10 ahow that no ruling class ever
hesitated at any crime, no matter
how henious, once its right to rule
and rob was threatened or even seriously questioned. Tbe daily records
of our time amply prove the present
ruling class to be no less brutal,
blood-thirsty, unscrupulous and criminal than its predecessors. If anything thia propensity ia emphasized
in the case of the present ruling
class for its opportunities to enmesh
its victims in the confusing tangle
of legal subterfuge and swindle are
greater than ever enjoyed by any
previous ruling class. By its control
of a vast and bewildering legal machinery and unlimited means of manufacturing and disseminating information the present ruling claas is in
a position to make the commission
of the most henious crime appear as
a virtuous act. The action of the
officers of the law, from the sneak
flooding down to the servile Supreme Court, and the attitude of tbe
entire capitalist press in reference to
the case in question afford ample
warrant for the assertion.
Let every workingman keep his eye
on the coming trial of Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone. It needs no
prophet to assert that it will afford
an excellent exhibition of class hatred, vengeance, and disposition to
murder. If our imprisoned comradea
escape tho clutches of tho ruffianly
gang that is undoubtedly bent upon
thoir murder, it will be due to the
fear of consequences to the ruling
class aroused by an emphatic warning from the workers and not from
any sense of, or disposition to do
justice upon the part of the interest* behind the conspiracy to murder.
Let the worker* give forth the
'vurning that if thi* foul conspiracy
be carried further the fiendish ruling
cuts* shall be made to pay the penalty upon the principle of "an eye
for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.'
Let that warning be thundered forth
by tho workers of the States in such
a manner as to assure to the con-
npirators that behind the warning
lies the determination to make
good. If in tbe face of such warn*
'Ing thoy persist la doing to death
Xo complete summary of the result
ot the election can yet be made ia
vie* of the fact that full returns
aro not in from many district*. It
Li conceded that Hawthornthwaite,
of Nanaimo, Parker Williams, of
Newcastle .and John Mclnne*. of
Grand Forks ridings have been elected. Thc -rote of the two former
equalled or exceeded that of both
tl.eir opponents, while tbe latter was
elected hy a heavy majority.
Comrade Moore, of Fernie. appears to base been defeated by about
25 votes, with ample evidence of sufficient crooked work uj*on the part
01* the Conservative candidate to
warrant his unseating. It will be
remembered that this riding ia the
one in which ballot boxes were
stolen in the interest ot the same
Conservative candidate at the election ot 1903.
Comrade I lorry, of Rossland, polled about 10 per cent, of the total
vote. When it is token into consideration that Rossland has long been
an eye-sore to the labor movement,
the workers having been hoodwinked
into support of capitalist politicians
by crooks in their own ranks, and
that the situation there has only re-
centlv been attacked by the Socialists, this is a remarkably encouraging showing. If the Rossland comradea stand by their guns and persistently push forward tbeir attack
tbey wilt soon wrest from tbe hands
of tbe enemy the seat in the house
now held by the unscrupulous hypocrite who poses as leader of tho opposition.
Comrade Frank Phillips of Nelson,
polled 96 votes. This city being the
laigest in the interior of the province, and of course, the most bourgeois and backward, is a difficult
nut to crack for the proletariat. A
tireless persistency in propaganda,
and continual battering away at the
fortification* of capital will te time
reduce them to ruins in Nelson as
The defeat of "Bill" Davidson in
the Slocan has been undoubtedly
brought about by tbe fact that
the district has been put out of business by the exigencies of capitalist
production. Thc lead trust and its
control of the market has rendered
the operation of properties in this
district superflou* and the wage-
slaves have lieen forced to hit the
trail in search of jobs elsewhere.
The men who elected "Bill" ln 1903
have been scattered to the four
wind*. They have been swallowed
up in the maelstrom of the labor
market that tosses it* victim* now
here, now there, in response to everv
demand and requirement of capitalist production. No wonder "Bill"
was beaten.
In lievelstoke riding Comrade Le-
feaux polled 86 votes, an excellent
showing in v lew of the fact that Revelstoke is little else than a railway
town. Such places are naturally Conservative a* the railway slaves get a
little better than tho average wage,
and their tenure of employment is not
quite so insecure as in many other
lines of employment.
In the Island, Alberni, Okanagan,
and Similkameen districts, the Socialist vote was of course light as
little work has been done there,
und the conditions are not favorable
for a rapid spread of Socialist idea*.
Tbe returns from these riding* are
not all in, but will he given later.
Comrade Logle in the Okanagan ia
reported to have polled 76 vote* with
several places to hear from.
Tho vote in Vancouver averaged
607 for each of the five candidates,
with a difference of but 20 vote* be-
1 ween tho highest and lowest. Allowing for aplit tickets and personal
vote* it appears that approximately
600 electors voted the ticket
Vancouver is tho commercial metropolis of the province. The immense financial and commercial in*
tereflts of British Columbia center
here. A no Inconsiderable portion
of its population belongs to the
trading class. All of the thousand
and one baneful influences that
flow from the traffic in the plunder
of the working class are felt here ln
full force. AH the pressure that can
be brought to bear upon the slaves
of capital I* in evidence. A powerful press is continually playing upon such string* aa tend to arouse
the fear, the passion or ths prejudice of the unsuspecting working-
man, In order to hold him aloof
from such action as might threaten
the hold of the master class upon
The worker* of Vancouver are employed to numerous industtiee, no
large number being brought together
in any one. A" consequence of thia
ia that tbey do not got into auch
close touch with each other as in the
case of. for instance, a mining or
smelter town where all work in one
industry, and often for a single con-
i-tarn rnd**r such circumstances the
task o| converting them to a recognition of their class interest* and
mar-hailing them for the conquest
of the ii-scesaMirv- power to secure
thos* int 'rests. Is no easy task.
A multitude of IvourgeoU prejudices
must he set at defiance and reform
and reaction fought at every step if
the banner ot the revolution ia to be
.■'-.furled amid such surroundings.
That the uaancr has been unfurled
was demonstrated by tbe 600
straight Socialist votes polled in tbe
city on Feb. 2. That 600 men could
not bc shaken In tbeir faith in, and
allegiance »o. the cause of I.sbor in
the face of all the pressure that unlimited coin and instituted lying,
chicaner*.. threat and dt*ceit could
bring to bear upon them speaks volumes for tbeir grasp of the labor
movement and knowledge of the action necessarv to strike the shackle*
from the  limb* of the  wage-slaves.
Three year* ago the vote for the
two Socialist candidates, Mortimer
and Stebbings, waa about 1300 and
900 napectively. Ot these about 100
were straight vote*. Of those ca*t
for the candidates on February 2,
close to 600 were straight. A like
increase during the next three years
would place Vancouver in the Socialist column. v This can be accomplished if there tie no wavering from
the policy and line of action followed during the past three years.
It is the only policy and line of action that can win out for the proletariat under any circumstances.
Take It all around, the outlook
tor the revolutionary movement of
the proletariat ln British Columbia
is excellent. The outcome of the recent campaign can bring naught but
cheer to the heart of the soldier in
the army of emancipation who has
any conception of tbe task in hand
and the obstacles to be overcome in
its accomplishment.
If human society be divided into
factions or classes, the material intereata of one conflicting with thoae
of another or others, it logically fol-
lowa that peace and harmony cannot dwell within the confines of such
society. Every encroachment of one
interest upon another is bound to
cause   friction    and    ill-feeling   that
The terms capitalist and worker are
used here merely to designate the
two claaaes, and not In an individual sense.
Within the ranks of the capitaliat
claas there will arise numerou* feud*
and factional quarrel* over possession of points of vantage that are
peculiarly favorable for th* conduct
of capitalist operation*. Within
the ranka of the working class will
arise similar quarrela over possession of points of vantage In the labor-market. In the flrat instance
they arise from thc Inevitable tendency of capital to concentrate In
ever larger holdinga by the greater
capitalists absorbing or swallowing
the smaller. In the latter case they
spring up a* a consequence of the
equally inevitable tendency of the
iabor market to become over more
completely overstocked 1 and the conditions surrounding tta victims, the
workers, consequently more unbearable.
However fiercely these factional
fights may be waged within the confines of either of those economic
classes; whatever savage instinct*
may be aroused within the breasts
of tho combatants; to whatever pitch
of fever thoir passions may be
aroused tn theae Internecine serin-
mages, it will be but as the calm ot
a summer i*oon-day In comparison
with the storm that will come when
the capitalist class and working
class clinch in deadly combat, each
in defense Of its economic interest
and clas* program. In thla supratne
struggle all factional quarrela within thr* ranks of either, will sink Into
insignificance and be forgotten, and
every resource centered upon the
coming forth victorious from tbe
The clas* that is vanquished must
l*crish. hence it will lie "war to the
knife, the knife to the hilt," and no
Capitalist civilisation Is today a
festering nuisance, recking with the
vile stench arising from ita own
filth. It is neither moral nor Immoral. It is al-aolutely unmoral.
Based upon the exploitation of labor
the s«le purpose of its being ia to
suck tbe blood of ita victims to the
last drop in order to Increase Its
vulgar display and oltecene splendor.
It has now passed lhe point In Its
development where it is f-oaeible for
the working class to live under it.
Thoy are perishing by tbe thousands
crushed beneath the iron wheel* of
the capitalist juggernaut. Tbey are
ground into profit in its mitla.
its mines snd factories. Tbey are
sweated to doath in its ton.*mrnt
workshop*. Thoir children "a lives
are coined into dollar* In its factory
hell*.    Their daughters are lost  in
vised and used for the purpose of
holding them in economic subject!,,,,.
It protects and defends the pre*,«*.t
system of property in the mean, 0,
production which secures to capital
complete economic dominiun 0v*r
labor. Without the State under tt*
control the capitalist class cannot
maintain their economic dominion
over the workers. The workers pUr.
pose to aelse control of the State in
their own behalf and turn this |„-
strumont of oppression and entlaie-
ment into a means of deliverance
from alavery. With the w.,rklirK
clas* victory in the clas* Htru-<k-|«.
for control of the State, capitalist
civilization with it* debasing WUK,..
slavery collapses to be succeeded by
an era of "Peace, Labor and ].n,.
erty." in which master end tl*-*-
shall be unknown and common <iu
coney may find an abiding pin...
may  easily  develop  into  open  hos- {ila red light districts.   Thousands of
tility that ia quite likely to express itself in violence and even
That present society is divided into two  hostile elements  or  classes
it is useless to deny.   Upon ths one
hand are the capitalists, masters of
tbe resources of the earth and the
gigantic instruments    of production
and upon the other the workera, who
own  practically  nothing   but  their
power to    labor.      Tbe capitalists
cannot use their means of production
even  to   the    extent    of satisfying
tbeir own personal needs as Individuals,   but  depend     solely upon  the
workers  to operate  them  and  thus
carry  on  the pr.iccsses  of  industry
and bring forth tbe needful things.
The laborers cannot use their power
to labor,  in order to supply them- j
selves   with   the  necessaries   of life,
without first obtaining permission to j
do so from tho capitalists.    As the i
power   to  labor  cannot express  it- I
self in the thing* necessary to *us-
tain  the  life of either  capitalist or
laborer except through tho medium pf ■
the meana of production which the
capitalists own, it 1* as plain aa a '
pike-staff  that  they hold  the point I
of vantage in whatever negotiations
may  occur between „thcm.    The for-}
raor holds the key to the situation |
and can therefore, at least to a very
large extent, dictate terms.
If an agreement be reached between
capitalist* and workmen and tho
processes of industry be carried on,
the Interests of the one class will be
continually at variance with those of
tbe other. The interest of either
demand* the largest possible returns
from the industrial process, But lt
may be readily seen that the more
completely the interests of cither
class is conserved the more damaging the result to the interests of the
other. The larger the amount of
wealth accruing to the capitalist, the
smaller the amount accruing to the
workera, and vice versa. No matter
how large tbe profit of tho capitalist may be he ia over on the alert
to increase it by hook or by crook.
However large the wage of the
worker piay be bs ls equally eager
to increase it and will leave no *ton*
unturned to do so. Every forward
movement made by either of them
tn this direction expresses (teejf in
a corresponding loss to the other.
them,  men  women and children  rot
away in its infernal slums.
With the decay of the working
claaa capitalist civilisation totter*
uf-on its foundation and threatens
to collapse. But the working class
will not give up the struggle for lite.
The collapse of capitalist civilisation will come as a result of the
triumph'of the working class. Tbe
workera are rccognitteg the State
to be a ruling clasa Inatrutoent, de-
"Ixmdon is a tragedy. Mlllioit .,-
people ar* living together In n *Ult
of anarchy. In the development ,,«
London there haa lieen no forethought,
or plan. Capitalist*. monopolUt*,
and landlords have been free to du
a* thev willed, and the mass ot ..ur
population has hail tu suffer ihe
rights of property hav© been in v\\.
denre; th* duties of properi> hav**
heen Ignored. High rents, tnsum. -
lent accommodation, sweating, rtti-k-
rentlng. want of employment, ami
gensrsl misery are to bo found nil
over the Metropolis, and In the intereata of the teeming millions, a
serious endeavor ahould lie made in
right the wrongs and introduce a
belter, a cleaner, a healthier lit.- |n-
10 l_-ndon."—-Exchange.
s      s      •      •      •
That which I* true of London u
I rue <»f the entire domain of capi-
tal. AccMitunted though the tragedy
may tie In Ixmdon and other on*
gr-stm! plare* the entire capita list
system of production is s traged*.
and a erins*. Tho lives of the work-
or* no itmtier wlr-ere Ihey may be,
ore but lingering periods of expl ■<■
tatlon arid the poverty, uncertainty
and misery that follow in its wake.
The breaking down <>f -.mall pro-
duction ami the converting uf farmer
and artisan Into th* vassala of capitalist property has been « 1 rod
though MWaBTy part <>t the proem*
of bringing the means of production
to such a stag* of rriSdancy and i*
durtlvity aa to force the working
clasa to assume cunt ml of lnd.i-.tr.
and aaarrt It* freedom. The •»f<il
•-overly misery and degradation thai
makes of capitalist elvUiaatlon n
tragedv must Inevitablv lorn-*.*** sn
intensity ao long a* th* rnenr.* nt
production continue to lie ■.-■.I for
tho purpose of making a profit oat
«.f labor. 80 long ss that remain*
the motive of production the rat It
could not tie otherwise
To rise in its manh..."i snd «»■
siime control of it* MM-* of lid *
th* mission of labor In even ■•
try of the earth Whet, eapitallst
rule has t*wn ht-okm awl the fits
dom of labor thus attained, trw*i-
tain will Iw rung down upon the
trsgr.lv of capitalism. *•• most
vulgar and rousKlenreless eywtoni of
slavery th* world has ever known.
You work-*rs who have not yet hses
for-r-r-d Inlo the seething ca-kln 1 '
destitution, misery snd degrsdstloa
of thr mrtropoliUn slum*, and from
which there I* no eaten*, push on
in your effort* to bring the control
of industry under the hand of labor
er* you too ar* forM-d pm "»*
Capitalism is a curse to the rare.
11 I* labor alone that can
Socialist Patty of Canada
Wo, th* Socialist Party of Caaada. ia coavsntioa aasstnl.Ud. affirm
our allegiance te and support of tke principle* aad program of the
revolutionary working claaa.
Labor  prodm** *,)]  wealth, sad to th* prodoesr* it should beluntr     9
Tbs prsseat sconomic system is bassd  epos  capitalist ownership  of     Q
ths msans of production, conaequestly all the products ef labor I*
long to tke capitalist class.   Th* capitalist is therefor* matter, tl'"
worker a *lav*.
80 long a* th* capitalist olaa* remain* ia pessssstoa of the rein*
of government all the powers ef ths state will bs assd te protect am
defend thair property rights a th* mean* of wealth production ami
their control of ths product of Isbor.
Th* capitalist ayitem give* to th* capitalist sn ever-.w.-lli"*'
ttream of profits, aad to th* worker aa ever-htereaaiat meaiure »'
miwry aad degradation.
Th* interest of tke working claa* Ue* in tke direction of mlUat,
itself free from capitalitt exploitation by th* abolition of the **f"
tyttsm, under which 1* cloaked the robbery of tke working-fin** »'
th* point of production. To aceompliab this necessitate* the tran*
formation of capitalitt property in the mean* of wealth production
inte collective or working-class property.
Tke irrepresaibl* coafliet of interest between tbe eeplUliit and
the worker it rapidly culminating in a atruggle for posaession of tt*
power of gov*ratn*at~th* capitalitt to hold, tk* worker to tecure it
by political action.   Thl* ia th* class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all worker* to ergaai** under tk* **n^'
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the objs t of conquering
pubho power* for tb* purpose   of   est ting   up   aad   *nforcing
•conomio program of the workiag claw, a* follow* 1
1. Tk* trantformation, aa rapidly a* pomible, of capitalist prop
erty in the mean* of wealth production (natural rwwures*, fsctorie*.
mill*, railroad*, *te.) into tke collective property ef the working
I. Thorough tad democratic organisation and tnaaags"-*"* of in
dwtry by th* workera.
3. The Mtablithment, as apeedily a* possible, ef production for u*«
ln*tead of productloa for profit
Ths Socialitt Party, when in oflce, *hall always and •v.rjrwh*™
until the present **tt*m la abolished, make th* an*w*r to thi* **<*■
tion Its guiding rule of conduct: Will this legitlstion advance thr
interest* of the working clas* and aid tke worker, in their cl**«
•rt^1*...•*»lBrt capitalismf If It will th* 8oclsUst Party is for I'll it rill aot, th* Socialist Party la absolutely oppo**d to it.
In accordance with thit principle tk* BodalUt Party pWn'1-1
itaelf to conduct all public affair* placed in it* hand* in »'>,,> ■*
manner at  to  promote  th* interest* of tk* working olas* ■■«'••*'■
- ■■,-.-.. .    ..       :,mtttll
mmmmmmm nATtJRPAVl Fh-tRUAttV  ill  1907.
The** columns hsvs been placed at
,he dl*P°M* a' th* Party. Secretaries
", Locale are requested to take advantage of tbem In, at Interval*, reciting condition* in their respective
localities. Communications under thl*
*ieaa should bs addrsssed to the Dominion or Provincial Secretarle*. Lo-«
,„l .ecreteriw are further requested to
looic to these columns for announre-
ment* from the Bxecutlve Committee*
uv this mesns the buslnen of the
Party will be facilitated and tb* Dominion and Provincial **cretarle*
relieved of a IUU* of tb* Increasing
burden of eOiTMpond*nca
llsmbershlp cards, each  01
Application blanks   (with platform) psr 100 M
Thc committee being a ttockhold-
e*  in    tha    co-opcrstive    publiahing
houte of Chat. Ken It Co. can procure literature (or thc localt at cott.
J. C. MORGAN, Secy.
Regular InwiflMS meeting Feb. 4th,
Oomrnde Norton iti tho chair. Minutes of previous meeting read and
Warrants were ordered drawn for
the  following umounts:—
('.ml   $2.50
Bent   of   Headquarter*    10.00
St, nips ami supplies   S.25
Ad. Space in Clarion   2.00
literaturs Agent  17.25
Ita ill..* of sewing machine postponed to Feb. llth to give committee
till..; tu call in outstanding stubs.
Decided that Walter Thiw.au Mills
be not engaged by the Local to
upe'ik   Friday.
Next propaganda meeting to be
held In Sullivan Hull, Sunday, Fob.
Literature n.ii.-«  117.26
Hants, by a number of the most arbitrary interpretations of the electoral law. and by other administrative practices; it stifles the voice of
all opposition parties by the interdiction of public meetiug and the
j-ersecution of the democratic press,
und generally shrinks from no act of
violence ami brutality in order to
produce a Duma subservient to Uie
Mure   especially     does   it
^^^^^^^^^^^^^      tiy to I
break   up    the   trade    union* which
For the
ftavtm been aHtfeorized b|
.r^prtnted   in     the    Finnish  Ian- j ^   ^^   |f   ^   „„.-,„,
B 0.   Prov. R™.E"r'.U-p. jC,afiM  »   ""to "*•  «» *•
M,i mt^,Uv* ,2000| regular rate - $1.00 per fear
and apply one kail ot all money
received to the Central Campaign Fond, yon are earnestly
requested to assist lo swelling
this fond by sending yoor sabs
direct to me.   Either renewals
Vaasotrrsr, lie, Feb. 6, iooo.
I'r.-M-tit. Com. Stebbings, I'rltch-
unl, McKenzie. Mill*, liales, king*,-
k-y,  Mori inter and  the secretary.
Minute*  read  and  approvotl.
The following correspondence dealt
w ith:
From Hamilton, Winnipeg, Freder- i
i tun, Cloresholtn, Toronto and Daw- i
ton laicals. From Tutitallon. Sask. j
Minrernlng formation ol a Local]
: rum Com. A. Ollikknla re transtn- !
lion of til* platform of tho party
into tbe Finnish language.
It   was     t-esolvod    lo    havo   1000 j
■pies of the constitution  and  plat- j
I uronto Loral, atamps and
kupiilto*  ,    23.H0
Hamilton I."<i.l, stamps and
-.upplirs       4.75
I rederieton IjOCet, staini* and
-.'it'idies           1.15
i   .ii'mJi..Iiii  IjucuI,  atani|Ht       5.0(1
1 nn ICngliah, Winnipeg, organizing fund      100
' <itn. -I. t'oson. Winnipeg, organising  fund       100
•55.90   ,^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
W.rranl*   wore  ordered  drawn  for  0r  fieW SUbS. tO  be taken lor   8
i ho  foltuwlhg  amounts"—
«.-*tem ciorton. printing $n oo period ol not less than one year.
*   jiif_^_H     __^—^—^—■■sl
**«r—tary.  for  |xitt«-(o.  etc...
3. a.
Yours for a generous Cam-
paign Fond which   means  a
provincial executive com. Vjg0rous campaign.
EJ-ITTEE.       ^^^
I'reaent. Comrade* Stebbings. Morgan. Pritchard, Dales, Mills, Kings-
l ■-,  and  lhe secretsry.
Minutes of previous uncling road
.ml approved. Charter application
received from Kpw.-rth and charter
•-ran ted.
Correspondence dealt with from
Ijocala Nanaimo. Oreenwood, Slocan
• aanagan, Orand Pork*, ltovc.li.take,
chilliwack. Nelson, Mt. Sicker,Boas*
land,   Peachland   and   from   San.l.m
\bn/les.    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
(Irmnd Forks, stamp*  *2.(»0
Suriaimo, »tani|-»  ,  *r»*00
Mi. Hickor, stamp*   8.0Q
ri'.irhland,   stamps    &-00
\<incouvor. stamps and supplies 5-5
Nelson,  on account convention
nssj-**ami.|it   10-°0
r.pworlh.   charter     6.60
( ampoign  fund   $(M*.25
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy
Box 836. Vancouver, B. C.
In order to afford    comrade*    an
caty  accet*  to ttandard  work*    on
 ^^iSociaIi*m, the committee hat decided
Ttonningtnn. Comradei to lay in a stock of literature. The
Magnane. Colquhoun, und following are on hand and will be
*•»■ {tent  pott-paid to    any    addre**    at
Iprice*      quoted.      Two-cent  stamp*
will be accepted for turns not excecd-
Total  1108.60
Warrant! orderml drawn for the |.>1-
lowlng   HIIIIIN
l'.*tn.   Kxoe..   supplies    $2000
Ad.  spoco in  Clarion    2 00
ToHtaue and telegram*      'I**0
8,000 exim   Clarions,   (cam
imlgn edition)  	
l-tprea* chargua on   Clarion
ing 35 centt:
The Origin of the Family, (P.
Kngela)   —- -	
Tb* Social RevoluUon (Karl
The World'* Revolutions (Ernest Untermann)  60
The Socialists, who they ant
•nd what they stand for,
(John Bpargo)  I .60
The Evolstlon of Man (Bolscbs)    .60
Modern Socialism (Chas. H.
Vsil)  36
Class Struggles In America
(A. M. Simons)  10
The   Communitt    Manifesto,
.., Karl   Mars    io centt
,,.,,. Socialitm,  Utopian  and  Sci-
******     cntific, Marx k En*»elt...io cent*
" Wage,   labor   and   Capital,
Karl Marx    | cent*
Thr Mittion ot the Working Clatt.
Cha*.  Vail     -...- _.      .06
Sccialitm and Farmers, A. M.
5 centt
I'n.vlouslv acknowledged  |178.00]   Simons „„„.„• to or<jer
Victoria, 1.000 Clarion.      0"0;    Other work* procured to order.
A   E. Lowes, Clarions      1-601
W. J. Currv      6-00 I
" Clarion subs.
V Horn 	
M. Mm-nane 	
Morris Davis, (Juelph ..„	
T. It. Miles     1.00
Al. Pli.n Ilonnlngton Falls ..
Per Wm. Colqtihoun, Michel
Claresholm Balance 	
Total iMS.as
0.  F.   Lowrle,   Claresholm    *" 00
•'•  S.  North,  Clarosholm    M>
w   W. atlckney, Claresholm ...     ,^'"'
F. W. Prieat. Claresholm   1.00
*">• Monarty, Ctaresholni   1-°°
"   W. Wallaoo, Claresholm  25
w  F. Cork, Clarosholm  -"•
<*■ H* Lamb, Claresholm  •'•0
Total to Jan. 30  |0.00
IjOST line.
Tt> column 2, page 1, of this Imuo
l"e following error occurs: "tinder
"•Pltallsm all production coosom." It
•Jhould read, "Under capitaliam thore
"i-* to ho this margin or oIho all pro
unction no*so*."
•Tr,,, !       ISTS.    AND    i'TUKNDS    OF
ISTS,    AM'
Manifesto  by    the     Uritish   Intcrnn-
tlonal Committee.
Fallow Workers, Comrade* and
Friend,—Next month tho elections to
the Duma will tnko place in tho
UnuNi.ui Errnplre. The Russian workers have decided to tnke part in tho
,li>itions, notwithstanding thi-frightful conditions undor which they will
The present administration, which
by its severity and cruelty in many
respects outdoes Ihe rule of tho notorious rlt'hvo, is doing; its utmost
to   iiitluoiico  Iho  elections   so  ns  to
perpetuate   the   present   regime of
brute force.
It seeks to suppress nil opposition
by moans of drum-head courts-martini, whose bloody sentences havo
aroused the imliK'i'ition of the whole
Civilised world; it haa disfranchised
u vast number of workers and pea-
have Just iK-gun to spread among the
workers of all trades throughout
Hussia with thc must remarkable ro-
pldity and success, justly regarding
tho organization of the proletariat
as the greatest danger threatening
the Czar's autocratic throne. To
this end no terrorism is too great
and no chicanery too low for the
satellites of the Czar to have recourse to.
Tho leaders arc being arrested and
Imprisoned or exiled wholesale, tho
funds sequestrated, the meeting* of
members disrierscd, the papers confiscated—all in the teeth of the solemn legaliuation of the trade unions
in March, l'J0.*i, and all with a view
of inducing the working class, the
most formidable and active opponent
of the Czardom, to impotence. Needless to say tbat the Socialists of
nil part ics und shades are being
treated in a still more brutal manner. Under such conditions the cam-
pniim ot our Russian fellow-workers
and comrades is difficult in the extreme, and calls for sacrifices almost superhuman, yet there is no
withdrawing from it.
Little value as the Russian proletariat attaches to the coming Duma
us an end in itself, that is, as a parliament capable of creating a new
Ilm sin out of thc old political and
economic fabric, it nevertheless regards thc Duma as a powerful lever
to bring into motion those sections
..if the enormous population that are
still indifferent and backward, more
especially the peasantry; and thus to
rallv thc entire nation to tbe cause
of revolution and the idea of a constituent  assembly.
For this reason the working class
of Russia will and must take part
in the elections, regardless of all
cijsts, and it is on that ground that
it feels itself justified in appealing
for assistance to thc workers and
friends of Russian freedom throughout   the  world.
Fellow workers, comrades and
Meai—l, no nation ever had to fight
a more formidable and more ruthless despotism thnn have the Russian people, and never was the cause
of a nation's freedom so closely
bound up with the freedom of all
mankind as in this case. The Russian autocrncv is thc mainstay of
political and social reaction throughout the world, and its collapse will
prove, as it has to an extent already proved, an enormous gain to
the cause of the emancipation of all
down-trodden classes, nations and
races Small wonder, therefore, that
tho plutocratic Covernmenta and capitalist classes throughout the so-
called civilized world, are aiding and
nix-Mine tho Czardom by money and
other material and moral meana in
fitrhtine the revolution, and uphold-
ini* its unholy sway over tho groat
Russian nation.
It is therefore thc duty of tho
workers of tho world, and friends of
hlx-rty in general, to do their utmost to counteract this tacit ol-
liunco between despotism and plutocracy, and to help the progressive
forces in Russia, headed by the Russian proletariat, to break it down
and  overcome it.
Fellow workers, comrades and
friends, we appeal to you at onco to
start collections nnd to conli'l'.iuto
as libcrully ns you can, ln order
thut wo may transmit to tho llnii..*d
Sociol-Dcmocrntic Labor Party of
Russia a substantial stun in aid of
the electoral fund, as an expression
of our political ond social solidarity
with them, and tho recognotion that
tho cause for which they are fighting so nobly and so regardless ot all
the sacrifices in life and personal
freedom is also ours.
Ownership of the mean* of production give* to the owner* absolute
control of the labor of those wbo do
not own. Thev who do not own the
means of production must of necessity apply to thoae who do own for
permission to labor. This is a self-
evident proposition. It is needless
to add that they will be compelled
to submit to such terms as the
owners  dictate.
The present owners of the means
of production (capitalists) own the
working class. This ownership is ss
absolute as it ever was under chattel slavery. In full control of tbe
resources and machinery of production, tho capitalists can at any moment command the services of as
many workers an they require, and
appropriate the product of their labor. It is this alone that give*
value to their property, a value
that attaches to it because it is a
mean* of controlling the worker* and
seizing the wealth tbey produce. The
larger the numbers of workers at the
command of any capitalist concern
the larger is the profit to be derived
from ita operations, hence the
greater its capitalization, the greater
its value na an investment. Labor
is the only value creating power. It
is labor alone that produces tbe exchange values that appear in the
world'a market, no matter to what
particular thing those values may
attach. The value of any given capitalist property lies in the workers
whoae labor power such property
commands. If it could command the
labor power of no workers it would
be without value as an investment.
Under auch circumstances it would
not be capitalist  property  at all.
Capitalist property is, therefore,
merely property in human being*.
The resources of the earth and the
machinery ot production, under capitalist ownership becomes simply the
instruments through which their title
to slaves is secured to tbe capitalists.
Tho value of all capitalist property is wrapped up in the bodies of
the workers at its command. All
capitalization is based upon this.
Without workers to do its bidding
taut produce its prc'u, capital could
not exist.
If a concern be capitalized at a
given sum, say $100,000,000, and
its stocks and bonds sell at par in
tbe market, it means that- the army
of workers at its command can produce enough wealth to pay their own
wages and the normal rate of capitalist profit upon the sum mentioned. In other words such a concent commands the services of slaves
to the value of $100,000,000. If the
slaves (workers) should disappear
and none others come to take tbeir
places, all of this value would instantly vanish. In giving their support to capitalist property the
workers are merely consenting to
tho|r own enslavement. By returning; capitalist representatives to legislative and executive chamber* they
furnish to tho master class the'
moan* of still further rivetting the
shackles upon the limbs of labor. In
so doing they are guilty of the
grossest and most crass stupidity
ever accredited to tho working class
in all tho written history of the
To be slaves is had enough. For
the workers to voluntarily remain
slaves while possessed of the means
of deliverance is to place themselves
in tho category of spineless creatures qualified to excite only the contempt of men. Aa long as they are
satisfied to remain as capitalist
property they will get that contempt in copious quantities.
It seems to us that our friend and
comrade Jean Longuet is likely   to
make tbe same    mistake about the
Ijabor  Party      which     bis   famous
grandfather made about the English
trade  unions.     Marx thought,  quite
wrongly  as   the  event  proved,  that
those  trade unions  would ijecome a
revolutionary   force.    The   Chartists
told  him  they  wouldn't,   but  Marx
refused to believe them-   Now, after j
acting for two generations as a sort
of  buffer  to  fend    oft genuine anti-
wagc-slnve attack from the capitalist
class, the- are becoming independent
laborists.    It* is a step  in advance,
we   grant.     But   Longuet  seems  to
assume that the step is much longer
than it really is.    Unless thc Laborists  throw  all  compromise  to    the
winds and net oa avowed Socialists
they, too, in their turn, will simply
serve as a brake on the progress of
ihe proletariat to emancipation.  We
quite understand that a foreign Socialist  who  has  waited  and   waited
and  watched for many years to see
some  evidence  of a stir among the
somnolent     'British   workers   gladly
welcomes any sign that they are at
last   stretching  themselves  and waking up.   But too much appreciation
from  outside    will    only  strengthen
their innate conservatism,  and what
our  Laborist   friends    need now  is
fair,   outspoken criticism, and stout
adjuration* to  go  more  vigorously
to work.—London Justice.
aft Directory
Local ol the Socialiat
Party of Caaada should rua a sard
inder this bead. $1.00 per month,
•iacretartee plesas note.
Iritisb Colombia Provincial Executive
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Tuesday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 8j6, Vancouver, B. C.
-mmlniou Executive Coou-lttee, Socialiat Party of Canada. Meet*
every alternate Tuesday. 3. O.
Morgan, Secretary, 661 Barnard
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Utcal Vancouver, No. 1, S. P. of. Canada. Business msstlngs every
Monday evening at headquarters,
Ingleside Block, til Cambie Street,
(room 1. second floor). Educational meetlnga every Sunday at •
p. m.. ta. Sullivan Halt, Cordova
Street. Frodartc Ferry. Secretary.
Box M, Vaacovver, B. C.
Contributions should lie sent to J.
F. Oreen, caro S.D.F., 21a, Maiden
l^ine, Strand, W.C.
It i* a fortunate thing for capitalists that the workors do not realize
tho actual meaning of capitalist
property. If thoy did their support
woiiUt bo immediately withdrawn and
this particular form of oroporty
would go by tho board.. Tho security of capital deponda solely upon
,ho ignorance of the working class
in regard to ita significance and the
position they occupy under ita rule.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 33.—Statistics
issued by the Government in its official pafier "Pravitelstvenny Vyeet-
nik," show the activity of the police
for the year 1006.
It is a record that the government
con truly be proud of, and one which
ought to inspire the civilised world
with respect for and confidence in the
Russian autocracy. During that
year, which was, of course, a year of
constitutional government in Russia,
the government put to death 1,253
To Siberia she exiled 2,029, and
for a lifelong imprisonment in Siberia 186 men.
In the prisons ot the interior of
Russia, 5,9-15 men are being tortured. Tho small number of 563
newspapers wore suppressed, and the
still smaller number of 732 editors
were arrested.
Theso statistics do not include the
thousands of peoplo who were killed
by drunken soldiers, gendarmes and
other officials "unofficially." Neither
does the list of those exiled ond imprisoned Include tho tens of thousands of people who were deported
to Siberia under the administrative
order, nor thc hundreds of thousands
of people who throng the Russian
prisons for minor revolutionary
charges or on mere suspicions.—-Chicago Socialist.
to grasp the significance of certain
When the human mind endeavors
natural phenomena and find a concise and satisfactory reason for certain puzzling perplexities, it becomes
necessary to give dear definition to
the terms in which is set forth both
ardfeysis and conclusion, in order
that others who investigate and are
interested in the some research may
not be confused by terms which otherwise have loose applications and
are used to designate two or more
things of very different characteristics. To such a mind what a refreshing fount of knowledge that
communication in tbe lost number of
The Voice over the signature of
".Toronto Single Ta-sr" must be.
When John T. Mortimer made the
contention that Ijabor is a commodity, and therefore it was subject to
the laws of exchange which governed
all other commodities, and then proceeded to set forth that law as: "up-
to-date political economy regards as
a truism that commodities sell or
exchange on the average for what
it costs in necessary social labqr
time to produce them," what a relief it is to have "Toronto Single
Taxer" disprove it by baldly declaring "it is not true."
Having so completely demolished
that proposition he next sets forth
the following gem of information
and logic: "Again Mr. Mortimer
and-tho Socialists say that 'Labor
is a commodity.' This statement
may be in line with the economics
of Socialism but it is not 'up-to-
date' economics. In economics labor
is not regarded as a commodity at
all, and is not exchanged on the
same basis as commodities are."
Of course we feel the weakness of
our position when we attempt to
reason out a question after it haa
been disposed of in so convincing a
manner and by such a distinguished
authority as "Toronto Single Taxer"
but as we have acquired the habit
of late of refusing to recognize authorities either spiritual or temporal
whose doctrines had as little reason
to them as the abovo |ieraonage, we
refuse to accept even the law as laid
down by this latest of the band.
Webster defines commodity aa :
"wares, merchandise"; and merchandise is described as articles of trade
Local Toronto, S. P. of C—Meets every Sunday 3 p. m. at Davis Hall,
corner Queen and Spadina Avenues. F. Dale, Secretary, 41
Henry Street. Finnish Branch
meett Sunday nights, same hail.
Jewish Branch, Sunday night*, at
185 1-2 Queen St. West.
Local Winnipeg, S. P. of C
every Sunday, in Trades Hall, at
2:30 p. m. J. Coxon, Secretary, 236
Princess St., Winnipeg, Man.
Local Nelson, S. P. of C—Meets every Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Union Hall, Nelson B. C
A. W. Harrod, Organizer.
not noticed any change in the factors of production since the stone
A* regards tbe law of exchange, it
is manifestly impossible to compare
two or more commodities with one
another unless they possess some
common attribute. You can only
compare a hill with a mountain by
reason of the common attribute of
altitude, or height, or bulk. Bujt
commodities can only be compared
with each other as regards their exchange value because they contain
in equal or varying proportions this
common attribute. Now what is
this common tribute, lt can be nothing more or less than the amount
of common labor time embodied in
each, so that labor is not only tho
source or creator of all values but
in the final analysis is also the measure of values. Labor incorporated
in a commodity and taken into the
market to be compared in value
with other commodities of a similar
nature takes on the character of social labor, because if a weaver puts
into the weaving of a yard ot cloth
more time than is socially necessary
to produce a yard of cloth under the
given social standard of production
and intensity of labor he will only
realize for it the some exhange value
of a similar yard of cloth produced
under the normal conditions. Tha
subject permits of a very deep and
searching analysis and con only be '
touched upon here. To those who
appreciate a thorough work on the
subject we recommend a perusal of
Karl Marx's "Capital," particularly
the first chapter entitled "Commodities."
Just who are "up-to-date" economists may possibly be a matter of
opinion only, but certainly, not
since the publication of Marx's "Capital, a Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production" has any critic
stopped forward with an exposure of
any fallacy in the main theory advanced, namely that tho secret ot
tho source of profit and capitalist ac-
cumulation   was     the  surplus   value
or   something  bought  and sold,   and ! obtained by tbe appropriation of tho
this definition we hold will be generally accepted aa correct. The same
authority defines labor as ; "toil ;
drudgery ; to exert strength with
pain and fatigue."
Now. when an employer hires a
laborer he virtually purchases same-
thing from that laborer. Thc thing
purchased by the employer and sold
hy the laborer is, to be technically
correct, labor-power. Labor is
merely what tho laborer experiences
while delivering the goods in the
prescribed manner, in fact, tho "exertion with pain and fatigue" spok.
en of by Webster. The government
Ijiibor Gazette and every commercial
newspaper speaks of tho labor market when dealing with the demand
for and supply of laborers tor hire
and if that docs not give color to
the assumption that it is commonly understood that labor-power
in anrttet-i-g bought and sold and
therefore a commodity, we don't
know any moro convincing proof of
the commodity nature of labor-power
to offer our single-tax critic. But
it would be too much to expect a
new idea to creep Into the head of
u school ot "economists" who have
wealth created by wage-labor over
and above what is paid in wages.
In fact, that surplus value is unpaid
labor crystalized in the form of material wealth, so that Socialists may
with some justification lay claim to
being tho "modern'" school of economists.
If "Toronto Single Taxer" wanta
a more concrete illustration of the
effect "socially necessary labor time"
embodied iu a commodity haa on ita
exchange vale, let him go into the
market and pick out a number of
commodities of similar kind but
which vary in the work embodied in
thoir production and see if they will
not also vary in like proportion in
their exchange value.—Proletary, In
Winnipeg Voice.
An official statement of pauperism
in London for the week ending January 5th, showed 78,972 Indoor and
40,695 outdoor recipients of relief,
or 26 per 1000 of the population.
As compared with the same period
a year ago a reduction ia shown of
5202 outdoor paupers, but an Increase ot 1,148 work-house inmates.
_. lliiMWIUI-PWWM_Wi
Be-at-iW«a»npf*ii iiiliiilWHiii. '     " "
tffl&'tSmlAxjftililmVV*' *mmJmmmmmmMa*tamW*a±'m foot
- §—*,
,AtuHf3AV, r^j&ARV 0. toh.
t _ ^ _,_,-_,-, ,,_.r._i-_. _ _. ■ -c-*"1-1"1-^: g^^gft  ?**fr^="~^"^ ^ a r*r"^rgrPr!gg?r; •" T-C^'nTffir?'**'      jfti
._  '—"* " Mr.
ft        Edited by R. P. l-_rrT*n-lj_»_B, to wboin all oont_|»n_ence for tbls o>p-ra_ent sbonM be addressed.        **
Tbe triumph of capitalism was evidenced iu Uritish Columbia on Saturday lost, toe true political exprcs-
siou of capitalist property—tho Conservative I'arty— having been returned with a larger majority than
three and a half years ago.
That peculiar aggregation termed
tho Liberal Party, nas been put out
of bust—ess, let us bopo, forever.
This for tho simple reason that it
had no mission.
Tbore is no room for a party in
Britiah Columbia between Social—un
and capitalism.
While the liberals will, perhaps,
have a greater representation at
Victoria titan the Socialists for tlie
preeent   term,   .everything   goes   to
the brain. The family removed to;
Winnipeg in 1904 in order to benefit'
Mr. Wriglev's health.
The d**ceosed leaves a widow, Mrs.
Sarah Wrigley. well known in W. 0.
T. U. circles in Ontario and Mani-
toba. and threo sons: S. E., adver-
Using ngwit, Winnipeg; Weston, exii- !
tor of Hardware and Metal, Toronto, and R. F., with tho Header-
son Directory Company, Winnipeg.
The   Price    Canadian    Worker*   Pay
For Their Slavery and Economic Ignorance.
Industrial accidents occurring to
•WO individual workpeople in Canada
during the month of December, 1906,
were reported to the Department of
Labor. Of these, 86 were fatal and
204 resulted  in serious injuries.    In
Socialists -often assert that tbe
i working clans is the only useful portion of society—and therefore ahould
'■ be master uf its own destiny. Thi*
! by having access to the national re-
i aourceS of the earth ond means ol
! wealth production and tbe fuU pro-
i duct   of its  labor.
Bttt, according   to    a    missionary
' writing irom  Russia  to  tbe  British
■ press, the Socialists' contention will
have to be revised.   Here is the con-
' eluding  paragraph:
"Yes. Russia badly needs new garments. She would be all the better
for a bath, too. Those who,love her
; as f have every reason to do. believe that she will shortly .-merge
from her present condition—clean,
healthy,  and  good to look at; and.
ahow that the Socialist forty- is to '' addition,  accidents to  23  workmen.
be thclecond party in future in this i of which 7 were fatal, were reported   although the peasant must of neces-
ire mm. Bconu ■i_ii.y       iui a^ -^.^ ^^  pUce prior to  the ' sit y remain the root  and branch of
:>eginning of the month, information j the nation, yet he will be a strong
not having been received before De- , root and a branch full of vigorous
cember. The numlier of fatal acct- j sap. which will keep healthy and
dents reported In December, 1906,*., pure the leaves and .flowers—hia browns  81   less    than  in  tbe previous j thers of a higher sphere."
month,  and 4 more than in Decern- 	
ber, 1905. The non-fatal accidents i Apparently this divinely-inspired
numbered 11 more thnn in November | parasite     realizes    the   necessity   of
• province.
Regarding tbe results from a provincial standpoint tbe Socialists
have much to encourage and enthuse
them. But of tnis comment will be
let. to tbe editor.
11 Vancouver City, tor the first
time in the history of tbe Socialist
KrertT!: ^LantThtl ^ona-^lw ^ in i^t*r.\ something  being ^eHtheir  tribe
teljigence of tbe working class. All
the political factions were represented, and every voter this time,
could vote for what be thought he
Tbe remarkable feature of tbe Socialist voto is its genuineness—only
a few votes difference between the
highest and lowest candidate.
From this date alone can future
comparisons be made.
There con be no doubt either as to
how little stock the workers of British Columbia will take in any movement purporting to voice their interests masquerading under various
The political field has at last been
clarified—even in Vancouver.
The Socialist Partv has triumphed.
With the so-called Liberal Party
broken up and routed and the entire
abolition of union fragments of both
capitalist parties the Socialists
should rejoice. They must get right
down to business fthe next campaign
was opened in Vancouver last Sunday night with a rousing packed
meeting in Orand Theatre) and never
let up until the -mission of our party
haa been achieved.
The vote in Vancouver follows:
-Returns   for  February   2,   1907.
Bowser  fCons.)    3153
Macgowan fCons.)  3142
Tatlow  (Cons.)    3137
McOuire (Cons.)  2925
1905. i is   to   survive.    The   proletarian   of
Of 183 returns received during the J Russia has been squeezed by the au-
month, giving the ages of the vie-! tocracy until there's nothing left for
tims of industrial accidents. 24 re- ! "the leaves and flowers—his brothers
ferred to persons under twenty-one 1 of a higher sphere."
vears of age, 38 to persons between! In tbe interests of the wage-slaves
twenty-one und forty-five,  and 8 to | of tho  world,   let  us hope that  the
persons over forty-five; 113 persons
were over twenty-one yean* of ogei
but their exact ages were not specified.—The- Labor Gazette.
peasants of RuAsia will distinguish
the present revolution in Russia
from all others by doing the fighting
for themselves—"the root and branch
of the nation."
Garden (Cons.)
McLennan (Lib.)
Henderson (Lib.)
Mcinnes  (Lib.)  ...
Fan-la (Lib.)  	
NeeUuids (Lib.) ..
McVety (Soc.)   618
Kingsley (Soc.)   617
Pettipiece (Soc.)   602
Dubberley (Soc.)     599
Stebbings  (Soc.)     598
Williams (Labor)   401
Perry (Labor)   281
o "*
The  Vulgarity  of  Capitalism  Being
Unmasked at Ottawa.
Tha Labor Bureau at Ottawa is as-
Burning its true function. Not only
does The Gssette keep the bosses
fully informed as to the condition
of the slave camps throughout the
Dominion, but now an employment
ageney has been added to its usefulness. The slaves, however, are not
So be kept ln atock and sold to the
highest bidder, as of yore. The purchasers of labor-power need only notify the department of their needs
and the glad tidings will be conveyed to the awaiting alavea.
Then the scramble will begin.
Some will walk, others will go
forth ln or under painted cars; while
others will be imported by the government—the bosses' executive committee-direct from the overstocked
labor markets of Europe.
Thus will tho competition among
job-seekers compel them to sell their
labor-power for jutt enough food and
overall* to reproduce similar results
the day following.
Great is the rule of capital.
Greater still is the coarseness of
the government auction block.
A resolution in favor of the extension of the franchise to all adult , .„tvn
men and women was carried at tbe
1907 session just closed, of the conference of the Labor Party of tbe
United Kingdom by 605.000 to 268,-
000 votes represented.
No details have been received as
yet anent a straight declaration for
Socialism, as is anticipated will be
the case.
Resolutions in favor of substituting arbitration for war as a preliminary to universal disarmament, and
in support of a national educational
policy which should include the
maintenance of scholars by thc state,
scientific, physical education of
teachers, education to be under full
popular control and tbe whole cost
of the system to be met from tbe
imperial Treasury, were adopted.
The workers must free themselves
hy voting for themselves, i.e., for
the world-wide program of a revolutionary proletariat. The comrades
of Newcastle and Nanaimo districts
have apparently learned this, and
tbe election by larger majorities
than ever of Corns. Hawthornthwaite and Williams is a further corroboration. Not a solitary outside
speaker was engaged. What the So.
ciallst Parly in British Columbia
now needs is a well-grounded, thoroughly live organization permanently
in the field. Economic knowledge
on the part of the rank and file,
rather than entertainment by well-
paid orators, is most essential at
this time.
Organize)   Educate and Agitate!
lhe Socialists of Germany havo
practically accomplished what the
Socialists of ull countries must do.
That Is to tores all eapitallst
parties into one camp, eo that the
issue can lie made plain—even to a
wage-slave. With only a loss of seventeen seat* in tho Reichstag, aa a
result of the combination of capitalist forces, the Socialist vote in Germany will jump from 8,200,000 to
at least 8,000,000. There are 897
seat* in the Reichstag, of which the
Socialists will hold over 60. Over
one-third of thc total vote of Germany is cast for the Socialist.
If reports lie true from Similka-
trict. the Socialist Party
merited defeat hy the sloppy and
apologetic attitude of its candidate
O. Winkler. This only further emphasises the necessity for a permanent party organizer in the province.
Anything short of the revolutionary
program will not appeal to wage-
s'.avcs—and is a positive injury and
drawback to the workers in the end.
fn proportion as tbe bourgeoisie,
i.e., capital, is developed, in the
same proportion is thc proletariat,
the modern working class, developed,
a class of laborers, who live only so
long as they find work, and wbo
find work only so long as their labor increases capital. These laborers, who roust sell themselves piecemeal, are a commodity, like every
other article of commerce, and are
consequently exposed to all the vicissitudes of competition, to all the
fluctuations of the market.—Communist Manifesto.
How completely the Liberal Gov-
et-nment have evaded their pledges
in reference to Chinese slavery in
South Africa by thrusting the responsibility Of dealing with that
question upon the new Colonial administration is shown by the attitude now being adopted on the subject bv thc most influential parties
there.' It is being generally conceded
by tt c leaders of both parties—Boer
and Ixitisb—in connection with the
forthcoming elections, that Chine**
labor, or some cheap substitute, i*
essential to the prosi>erity of the
raining industry of the Rand ; and
that the coolies must be kept there
until that cheap substitute has been
found. Mr. Smuts, for instance, in
siK-aking at an election meeting re-
centlv. said that hs was in favor of
the t-e^nactment of the Labor Ordinance until a sufficient numlier of natives could take the place of tlie
Chinese. Tbat is precisely what we
anticipated, and what mny tie expected to be tbe position taken up
by the new legislature when it ts
elected. The mine owners have no
particular love for Chinamen; all
they are concerned about is getting
cheep labor, and »o long as it is
cheap tbey don't care what may bo
its color or nationality. Cheap labor, however, they will have, or wilt
know the reason why. and this was
quite understood by the literal
Government. That wat why thoy
failed to reiienl tho Labor Ordinance
and, while making the abolition of
that Ordinance ai.»-in*ntlv i*art of
the Constitutional Law, left it to
the new Colonial Government to re-
enact it if the.v chose. It wa* a
characteristic piece Of Liberal humbug.—I,ondon Justice.
G A. OKBLL, Manage*
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City.   You can alwaya
depend upon our bread.'    Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B.C
People have been taught to judge
men by what they have, not by
what they are. Give a fool money
und he in a great man, hut a really
great mnn may die in hunger unnoticed. This is a lingering remnant of thc time when people wor-
shipiied  roynlty....Thc  Can-enter.   .
Islander—Received letter and $3 for
campaign fund. Estimate of Parker
Williams' election was more than
W. J. S.. Vancouver—AW. Bird
haa been paid-up member of Vancouver Local for nearly three year*.
George Wrigley, who died in Winnipeg on the 14th ult., was a journalist well knojrn throughout Canada because of the .advanced position
taken by him on SocLtllat, anti-war
und political questions generally.
Mr. Wrigley was an honorary member of the Canadian Press Association. During the past quarter of a
century he was engaged in newspaper work, having been editor of the
Wallaceburg Record, Canada Labor
Courier, St. Thomas; Drumbo Record; Canada Farmers Sun, Toronto;
Royal Templar, Hamilton; Citizen
and Country, and Social Justice, Toronto, as well as on tbe staffs of the
New York Exporter, London Adver*
tiaer, Toronto Globe, Toronto Mail
and other publications.
Mr, Wriglev was born in June,
1847, at Wrigloy's Corners, near Ayr
Ont. Three years ago be suffered
several strokes of apoplexy as a remit ot a clot of Mood forming on' Alabama.
The following information has been
received from Comrade James Ker-
wan, acting secretary-treasurer of
the Western Federation of Miners :
"We received word from our attorneys In Idaho, a few days ago, that
for somo unknown reason the opening of Canyon County Court has been
postponed until March 6th, at which
time a date will bc set for thc trials
of our officers.''
- o	
"I insist that there Is nothing in
common- lietween the interest* of a
man engaged ln useful, productive
occupations and those engaged in
the killing business exclusively. It
matter* not from what class or from
what strata of society soldiers may
be recruited, whon they become soldiers they belong to tho "killing"
claas, rather than to the working or
I producing    class."-—Com.    La Rue,
Tho reirulitr Sundav night meeting
nt Local Vancouver on Feb. 8, was
a hummer. Grand Theatre, Cordova
street, was packed to the doors. All
of the Socialist candidates at the recent election wero upon the platform
and. each had something to Bay regarding the contest and its outcome.
Oho thing particularly noticeable
was tho entire absence of any feeling
of disappointment over the result of
the poll on Fob. 2, either among
audience or speakers. All seemed
permeated with a spirit of satisfaction over the showing made and optimistic in regard to the future
prospetts of the movement.
At the close of the meeting a telegram was read from J. H. Hawthornthwaite stating that Parker
Williams' vote in Newcastle riding
had been four more than the combined vote of his two opponents.
This was greeted by such a spontaneous and enthusiastic outburst of
prolonged cheering as to seriously
threaten tbe blowing off of the roof.
Men, women and children vied with
each bther in making the welkin*
tine with a noisy and hearty expression of Satisfaction.
The collection amounted to over
twenty-four dollars.
The Socialists of Denmark expect
tbat at the next election, which
take* place In 1008, they will elect a
majority of the members of the national parliament. The increasing
number of municipal victories they
are recording would show good
grounds for tbeir i-pectatlons.
The political tinhorn of either
Conservative or Lilieral persuasion
is just now laying the soothing unction to hi* soul thnt the Socialist*
of the province have met with a defeat most crushing. The wish is
"father to the thought." The Socialist knows no defeat. Knowing
full well the soundness of his posi
tion, he pursues the even tenor of
his way undisturbed by any temporary adversities. Ibvaliring full well
that all the furcos of present dvili
zation are arrayed against him and
a multitude of obstacles will roar
themselves in his pathway, he bends
his energies to the task in hand undismayed in the face of what the
unthinking deem defeats most ovef*-
In the lexicon of the proletarian
revolution there is no such word as
defeat. Temporary reverses only in
fuse the worker with a more stubborn determination to conquer and
nerv* his arm to strike more effective blows for the liberty of himself
nnd his class. Founded upon the
bedrock of economic fact and buttressed and bulwarked by the logic of
industrial development and progress,
the Socialist movement is invincible.
Its battalions never waver evon in
the face of the fiercest onslaught
The soldier of the revolution knows
no defeat.
60  YEARS'
TnaoK Manna
CoavMONTa Ac-
tntamemm*a* ******* «—t aawttsMsat***
k.krklf aataruia out opmem tn* vmUmt *n
ln*»nttr-n M r*.b«Mr f*.<am_M»J <*v**.til~.
S U*mom*lf maatrata* vaa.1*.   |j.r-**t eir
Five Clarion sub. cards—43.75.
J. Edward Bird.    A. 0. Brydon-Jack
Tel. S3I>. P.O. Ban, 983.
S24 Hastings St. . . Vaaeonvw. R.O.
first Clasa Bar.       BsneMctM Rootna
Prtcee Moderate.
At Ymir General Hospital a trained
nurse, wages fiO.OO per month.
For further information write to
Secretary Ymir General Hospital
P. O. Drawer .506, Ymir, B. C
Vancouver, B.C.. Jan. 21, 1907.
Notice is hereby givuo that, 00
days after dote I intend to apply to
the Hon. Commissioner of Land* and
Works for permission to purcha***
Section S. Township tr. Range 5.
Coast District, Buckley Valley.
Union Directory
When *r_-» Meet; Where Th,, Utn
§t**U**ty UtS-oriUnion In thr pio^u« ta ,.
rned to place a card uauer thu. htm if., '"
month.    ttJ-iirUf tea ul**** aoU. *'*"**•
International Association 0f Bride*
and Structural Ironworker*, LocS
No. 07. meet* in Labor h»H fif?
and third Friday of the month ,
8 p. m.    B. Jardine,  llecor-linr-s,./.
rotary, Dos UK. Vancouver, B   <V
Phoenix Miners' Union, No.
W. ft M Meeu «"^ sSrdrJ
evening at 7*J0 o'clock in Miner,'
hall. John Mclnnit, President
Walter Morrison, Secretary'
TKUtrHOKK M77t t
•• V ••Hni BL
C. PETERS   ***•■*•.
It.o.l M.dr Soot, .nd abor. u, , ,,i,f ,„
•II tfU*. ttr*-*-i>.i*j- |ir*wii.ii* «».'. „. .1
ly <k*at. Muck nf rta|i!< ..».!, „,„!r
l*l-.».oi, lisut!
A*a      ■**•! *****
NAftQWAftE a-i       !
Sfcord Maud Oealer
Vancouver, B.C., Jan. 31. 1»07.
Notice is hereby given tbat. 60
days a,ter date I intend to apply to
the Hon. Commissioner of Land* and
Works for permission to purchaso
Sectlon 25, Township 8, Range 5,
Coast District. Buckley Valley.
WANTED—At tbe Ymir General
Hospital, a duly qualified Practitioner aod one with a number of
years experience. For particulars
write to
\V. B. McISAAC.   .
Secretary Ymir General Hospital
P.O. Drawer 606. Ymir. B.C.
Please do not address communications relating to party affairs to this
(taper or Its editor. The addresses of
ihe Dominion and Provincial Secretaries will be found In column C. paa* 2.
By addressing nil communications to
them much confusion and unnecessary
*ork will be avoided.
Raffia**r* sad other, who r-ralla* ths sdvtastttV
uy of hat-laf their ]*steat busts*** tram-acted
byBaerrta. Prelimlair-radvice tne. Chart***
•nodenU. Oar hutsi's ttvUm ' ~
rr~amL Ksrtoa AK.rlon, New Ysrh:
Monti-rat: aud 1* j»»!iin rton, X).C,
A Urge and varied tt*
tortmenl of Heater tnd
Cook Siovet, at bedrock price*.
Boom Chain, ind Leg*
gert* Toolt * bpecit'ty.
New Iron Bcdt
I Hardware, Junk and Furniture.
IN UN  fM  TF.0U8U
»jest*** ifttt/r-'-.:.*:■
Tkt l*s*dt»u-' *,*>•/. nt
*"—"^—   ■»:»«*.»'    .   I.S.I
at sestvpoa
irk Lit* SUc,
ASb f**r local ll.ril-.r.
as SpM-Uatr «o.**t* U»f.
•ttsmt tor tb* Mt * I.**•*.
If ]r*Mt ****** obtain. *.
.alp «U—*«-t. ..prx. yr*-
' \ .so* r-*r*l|>l ..I ( »1»
*•** 0 ml. la at*.sap. for Ito l'i
IMaatrstasI t-iflaa.iaTlo.llng.ir.il-
tar* of lataat mUdUmm* to onr Una.
Oaatalaa potato aa ahoot i»k ammo
*mtt**.tna»r*f*r**r**t a iir-*rii.
Ma., ate. Owr attract*?* T*- Color
Uiaagraaaa-I Ha«*s-r mallnl aa*
wt»iaft»rali aaala la *ia—.*>«
*. sTrTBV-**tS
P. O. Bas 40*7
rall*.  Mssa..   1*. ft. A.
«o«««««ft»««««««o»«<^«o»ft««o: i oo
a Vunu^'
S €\ v v,
by baying thtv
reliable, hone**,
high grade *e*>
Ing machine.
Nttionil Sewing Machine Co,
• PAcraitf ATHn.vtoeitE ill. t
United Hatters of North America
When you are baying a FUK HAT **« to «
that the Genuine Union _ab*l la *ewed In It•   »
a retailer haa loose labels In    hi* pos*""""* *n°
ott*r* to nut on* In a hat tor you, do not i"*tr"n *
him.   _ooe*  labels In retell storee ar« coU,,'er7'„.
The genuine Union    Label    Is perforated on mu
edg**, exactly the aum* as a poat*** »"""i'   ((,u
terfeita ar* aome time* perforstsd on thr** •*•*» ■
and   some   ttmee only on two.   John B. st.tson c»..
ot Philadelphia, Is a non-union concern.
JOHK A. MOFrrrr, President, oran«e. N. J
MARTIN  LAWLOIt, tmtmetary. " Wawrtf *****
If wv Yortu
COKE is an excellent fuel for grata*, ball   stoves, furnace* and
cooking ttovet, nuking a clean, bright ftre without amoke or dirt.
Vancouver Gat Company, Ltd.


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