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The Western Clarion Aug 11, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
• :
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, August 11, 1906.
■  subactl.
txtract from an Article Written for the Portland Oregonian by
Charles M. Pye of Woodstock, Oregon, in Reply to a Previous Editorial Declaring That Socialism had no Program.
} Competition Among Job-Holders and
Job-Seekers-—Not the Bosses—
JJetcrmities Wages und Standard
of  Life.
llivii-K  om'°
fully  recognized   the
Ilu I
its straggle t politicul expratr
und    every   cIukh   struggle  is
,. sooner or Inter transferred
tl„. iiuliticnl field.   In this respect
ndem  capitalist cIush  Is much
if    the     Itiborlng   class.
.   , „f the class struggle,  the next
.„• to    observe    is tbe fuel Uml
'ooiier or luter every cluss seeks  u
I liel'i'f
ih.- n"
in  advance       ^^^^^^^^^^^
•iii.v have bean imtsh quicker to bob
So ndvantagO "• est*j*ttrtag tat ea
.    .*,„ ,n.litieeJ powera.   Tlu-y have
•Jn t-""'1*' eoi.scious '
mtBrosts in this reepoet
. i,....   n,,t.     Ah   ii    result   of
ill IN
fh^v have captured thu entire pow-
,.,s ui the stUtil. Th.y control leg-
■.Iftturea nml curls, the President
ni tbo goveroora, the militia, the
Ure nnd  the sh.-rifls. und thus the
v.-rnment   is Himply  the meuns hy
classes juuintain
 of  their  i Iush
in this respect.   The lubor-
, I..*.*   litis  not.    As  u   result
i-xtr.-ine elate rnnerlnusnoBS  on
of    the capitalistic  •lass
which the    ruling
lu order to nceuiuplish this fuct it
In,*, tieen necessary for them to cun-
iri-l luith political parties—the Ro-
pulillcan, where the Itepuhlieun purty
was tn power, nnd the Ik-mo. ratic.
where that party wuh in power.
wan not necessury thut they
al-.olutely ilietnte their platforms ;
only to prevent nny in.-u-.ure lieing
taken up and pushed thut would ser-
Isusly injure their economic inter-
.-»*■ doth great politicul purti.-s
linen   thus   t>eei)   Captured,   urtd     ure
today Im-hik   conl rolled   by capitalistic Internet*.
Whatever the pretenses thut huve
been inu'li'. the Litter cSukb spirit
nnd mercil.-ss hostility ol the power
.,( capitalism hus been displayed by
otncinla of both, parlies alike lu
her.ii<-     Struggle   the   laborers
ha*,.- unuI.- in defense of their Intar-
.*»ts. Republican iiiul Democratic
I'r.-Kiilelits,    governors,     legislature*
judges, constables und **h.-rin*«,
alike inlMtfflllj trumph* upon
rights u( labor.
The (dght-bour law uml th.* income
tax an* "unconstitutional". lOjUJV**
ti.uis break strik.-*: -'.-.iiit.rni.t
court" Incarcerates their 1
Democratic und Itepublicaa l'r.*«i-
allke use lhe Fi-d.Ti.l Armies
l.il'.n. und in Id,ill m u tl>-
the  iiuiiuu.in
Unite to l>e exhausted in the effort
to prevent this one thing. It is the
one safe, easy nnd absolutely sure
method for labor to win ita final
There will he two devices to which
tho capitalist class will resort in
their (iiml efforts to prevent the la-
horing claaa Irotn winning their politicul   victory.
(ii)  The  organization  of fako  "la-
iior  union  parties,"   und   'municipal
mt public ownership parties" und (b)
the offering,  un old  party  platform,
of certain    htilf-wuy      "reform  m>-a-
KUifs,"  which ihey will point out as
"sensible  and  sale."    Hut  these  ara
in mi il in r   tricks,   und   only  the  careless will long be deceived.   With the
Socialist party ulreudy casting 400,-
000 votes in  America, with scores of
Weekly  und     monthly     puldicutiuns,
with an organisation  in every state
at the  Union,  Indorsed hy thousands
of labor unionists all over thc country,   with     ."ill    years  of  history   in
uthi-r   countries   un   well   us   this    in
which  it   hus  shown  a deathless  devotion to the cans.* of lubor, with n
comradeship  in  every  nut ion  on  the
earth,   embracing  a   voting  membership  ol  over    9,000,000,  und  above
nil,   with  the  only   real  and   logical
program for the  relief  of labor—the
attempt to start unother lubor party
is sheer nonsense 00 the oart of the
This then is the  Socialist  program.
1—Convince   the   people;   2—Organize
the Socialist  party; 8-"-Cs*pture the
powers of government. -1—Traiurf "in
the present system oi private own*
i-rship of the material menus ol pro-
duction in'o the collective ownership
and thus us rapidly as possible inaugurate  th.-  co-operative cimitimii*
These are, in briefest outline, the
principles ami program of what i-s
destined   soon   to  Ih-coiho  the   might-
i'-st movement for human betterment
the world hns ev.-r seen    Already tbe
Minus of    u triumphant  tope, aad
faith   in   the   cause  are  l*ing   heard
throughout   the   lund.
publican President, at
nf ii     Democratic    Governor,   sends
troops  mt.. ilie Coeur d'Alette dis
trie) nnd actually sets aside the en-
lire local go*fcrtime*afJ—county com-
fiiiH*,ii,n,rs, sheriff and all, sleeted iiy
lubor   rot os and   then proceeds to
■-.•niirt the "bull j*en" disgrace. More
recently, in Colorado, tho situation
wus.   if   possible,   worse.
Itcpublicnn capitalists ot the North
tnke ad vant uge of the barbarous
''•millions of labor in Democratic
Muuw in the South to enslave thou-
tanda of little children in a merciless child shivery. Thc laboring people have even tried lhe expi-riment
nf electing some ol their number to
on old purty tickets,
vhen     elected,     liiul
the   middle   "f   March   the   elec-
• of parliament   have bean held
as   18   men
certain offices
but  such   mon^^^^^
Ihcmsstves   powerless.
There   were     us   mnny
with union labor curds in their ppek-
,ls   in   the    Colorado   legislature  ut
.,„,. time, and the latoor Ptoblso. '•
no nearer a solution ... ColOWJO
than etsowhere; nnd in the c.itj <>i
Pueblo a sheriff elected almost entirely bv trnde unionists put hull ot
tha officers oi the union Into J'"1 '"r
nickeling nn unfair rt«wtaurattt.   ■
What more is m-cded than those
trving exi-erieiics to convince every
one who knows of them that both
old parties are owned absolutely.
bo.lv and soul, platform und press,
by the capitalistic cluss. who have
been quicker and shrewder in the politicul field thnn the luboring c»«s»
Now thc only class that can finally
1* reli«l upon to 8U1>I'1> the numerical „nd moral strength to win UW
victory for socialism is the goring
class. Logically, then-fore, Socialism must recruit ita voting siiengtn
chiefly  from this class.
Whnt can be clearer than the logic
of this situation'* What con !»««£
er than if labor Is ever lo win its
striiinrlo for emancipation and justice Social ism must to its preffMB,
and again, that ir Socialism is over
to w?n its struggle for S4 tomanit^
It must make the WwttgMjf
conscious of their common.»««*«;
and lead them to the **^$£
ibe politicul field where the lr poWaf
is invincible, because ^WS »"' "■'}"?,'
.heyarefewl" The futility and J^
nro of every effort of thaw^tog
claas  ho  long  us  the  powers 0*
state  ure  left   In  the  hands   of tne
ilnst. whom they struggIc,  s
long   ns  their
tlolu,     ...      -^^^^^^^^^^
nnd th.* Workingmen not forgetful of
the  bourgeois  leSBOh  r.-ceiv.d  r.n-ent-
ly from the ruling class, came to the
ballot  box  with     enthusiasm.    They |
did not  only intend to do their best |
to seat  u comrade, but they wanted I
also to show the bloodthirsty bourgeoise   of   Chile   thut   they   were   no
more  to   hc  il,-treated  like  helpless
lambs.   To the great disappointment
of   the   ruling   class   labor   has   been
in  tho  important  nalt   mino district
capable   t>.   seat   several   men     Thus
Autofngnstu      Comrade   Louis   Reca-
burren haa been elected, nnd in Valparaiso the first  harbor of the country   Comrade     Bonifacio     Hens   hus
!n*eil   Chosen;   both   by   treat    majorities.    Hecatorren,    u    typograph by
profession,  is    not'    only   known   in
Chile, but  all over America, co-opcr-
atiug   in   many   labor   papers,   being
persecuted continuously by the bourgeoisie and for many years devoting
his life to the propaganda of Boclol-
The   orgauiration   of   labor   in
The workingmen under capitalism
lieing "free" and equal, there ib no
actual lino of division between the
uctive und re.serve army of working-
men. (In lhe contrary they are in
continual (lux, men on duty and reservists continually changing place,
und thu same men sometimes being
hull active and half reserve. The existence of the reserve army and this
relation  between the active and
of the  working cluaa have  the most
deplorable effect  on   wages,  and  on
the  condition   uf   the   working   class
generally.       Aside from  the  destitution  caused   by the  introduction    ol
new   machinery   among   those   workingmen who are thereby thrown out
of  employment     and     those directly
dependent  on  them,  the presence in
the market  of this superfluous muss
of lubor-power  entering  into  con»|-e-
lition with that part of the
which does find employment, reduces
the price of  thut labor-power  which
is employed  without thereby gaining
uny employment     for  itself.      While
the   value   of   lubor-power   is   determined   by   the  amount   of  labor  necessary for its re-production, that is,
the umount  of  m-c.ssuries consumed
by  the   workingmen,   this amount  is
by   no   meuns  a   fixed  quantity.     lt
depends   on   the  standard   of   .ife  of
the working class as  it has .li»"cl<-p-
iil In the course of its historical existence  in  a  given  country.    Rut this
standard, being a product of historical   forces,  may Is; raised or lowered.    The  existence  of   the   "reserve"
army,   the  process  of  the  accumulation   of   capital      which   produced   it
tends to
and it needs a lot of fighting to keep
it up, not to s|M*ak of raising it.
Besides, making, us it does the
workingman the sport of every turn
of the fortunes of capitalistic production, nnd absolutely Insecure in
whatever livelihood he does get by
reason   of  the
riBBCE coMPi-rriTioN
of his fellow workers, und therefore
dopcjsdent on the whim and enprice
of his capitalistic employer, it tends
to degrade his morale, break in him
iill manifestations of the spirit of
Independence, and to make of him a
service tool of his capitalistic mas
But right here in its influence on
its first requisite, a free working-
class, we encounter the contradictory
nature of capitalistic development.
The very processes which tend to reduce the woi-kiiigmun'a wages, and
to lower and  degrade him
those conditions which enable him
to forge thc weapons by which he
cannot only successfully withstand
the hurtful tendencies of capitalistic
development, but which are destined
to work the wonders of his salvation from wage-slavery,—the economic and politicul organization uf the.
working cluss. The introduction of
those very new machines which
threw so many workingmen out of
employment und so largely increased
the   "reserve"   army,   have   laid   the
The Silly Maunderings on Economics of Prof* GoWwin Smith,
a Bourgeois Sage. Calls forth Interesting Comment
and Reflection from one of the Common Herd.
The enthusiast who reports the
doings of the British Labor M. P.'s
for the Ijttbor Leader says : "Ijabor
still rules the roost at Westminster." Why, sure ! We've all noticed it.   M-yes.
That there is a great deal  in this
world amiss,  and  tnat the  inequali-
physical   foundation  for  thc  organi- \Ue» jn «» human lot are mysterious
zation of the working clasa by bring-   an<l te"1,•1<•• '" *"*"   * ^eryone who
ing great  musses of workingmen U,-\can rfflfl *£ Si.T.1?^        i
gether and  bv  rubbing off all differ-ican   "*'*,. The, 'n«.u'll'l'<»   "f,6  *9*
....  ... ,L _    r. l ..    ._   .  *,iin     wealth     a one,    but    in  health,
ences between them,   lt has also laid r*J     "_Ti . , ,
. i      „.....■     ij        i,_/       .u   'strength,  mental  power, and c.rcum-
the   mechiinM-ui   foundation   for   the i   .      °    ' ', .   .  ' „  „,*
, . . ... i •        .       | stances  of  every  kind.   Hoes  Social-
future greatness of the working class   , ..*.:,      ,  ,. _j  .
-.-  ?„•__  .x. ,x7 x      .,        ism undertake to lovel  them and  to
by changing the methods of production from their narrow individual
foundation to a broad social base.—
ICixtract fr.on II. It. Iloiidin's article,
"Economic Contradictions," In International   Sociulist   Review.
o|ien a reign of perfect equality and
justice?    If   it does,     what   are   its
means?   How does it propose to set
about  the  work?    How   will   it   prevent   thc   naturul   differences   in   the
, qjuulitieH and powers of men from reasserting  themselves  and   reproducing  the present  state  of  things?   ls
»-i i-»v   -nt". ilt proposed  to abolish  property?   If
CLMAN  METHODS,   property is abolished, what incentive
  j to   production   and   accumulation   is
hereafter to take place?   What will
think.    Anyone  preferring en  empty
belly and a bare back wilt be at full
liberty   to abstain   from  the    work
of   production    in   the   Co-Operative
Commonwealth,   for such individuals
will hurt no one but themselves.
•     •     •
While the  majority of  men  in  the
Co-Operative  Commonwealth will  be
content to remain in tha same rut as
is   the   majority    now,    the  brighter
minds will be working for the betterment of themselves and their fellows
und  "progress''  will result.    Many of
our   brightest   intellects   toilaV 'have
a   sufficiency   of   this   world's   goods
and care nothing about them, but go
on working ulong their chosen  line,
their reward being the consciousness
of work well done and the praise of
those   able   to   appreciate   it.     So   it
will be in the Co-O|>er«tive Comsnon-
wealth, but' the nuinbei of those able
to appreciate the effort*, of the men
of science will lie vastly greater than
now owing to the fact that "higher"
education   will   be   general.
Publicity of Some of Election Funds ;i,^olrie of progress"? Will it continue
Given Only by the Socialist I without the stimulus of individual
Party—Freedom of Ballot the ! interest? If individual interest is to
First Consideration to Revolu-!,,e "-P'1"**1 as a motive power by
tionists it'le  authority  of  the  state and  all
[the  means  of  production  are to  he
~~~*- concentrated in the hands of the gov-
the  onlv <'rn,npnt' w'lat is "lnt government to
| be?   How are its perfect wisdom and
integrity   to  be  secured?    What
The   Socinlist    Party    is
political   party   in   the  world   whose
candidates    and    representatives    in |
The state will consist of the whole
(>copte—a true democracy. A whole
people will doubtless make mistakes,
but when experience shows a mistake has been made it can be at
once righted. None of us expect to
find "perfect wisdom" In any human
institution. The perfectly wise gen-
i— tlemen of Professor Smith's class
will [ have made a pretty mess of affairs.
~" " ,,   " ,...   '  Ti  t j  7   i^,  become    of   political  ireeoom.'      ne
houses of legislation publish detailed i «7« f ask fof a c,ear an(1 jg,^
staUtaients   of    the   source   of   their ,      - answer     to  these   questions
of   political   freedom?       We   the   working  class  is   not   likely  to
1 •      »,_ .        ..i   ._ - i*.ni(   tha   nvertv   ana
factory     ^^^
without laying ourselves open to the
campaign fund]
For the old parties to do so, BUSpjcion of selfish repugnance to so-
would be suicidal. ;,.ju-   reform.      Dynamite   is  powerful
Even a wage-slave might get sus- in its way, but it is not construct-
picious. 1 ive.
In  any  case  the  workers  pay  the! ,,   ,      .     „..,
bi„        J .     Thus  that   dear    old   fogey.   Prof.
(Joldwin  Smith.   The silly maunder-
To  the  Socialist  Party  they  con-   jngs g Mtn<>mica ot this bourgeois
sage   would   be   beneath   notice  were
it   not   that   by   some   he   is   looked
...          ,     .    ■,        .      .u       .v.        incs on economics
tribute   voluntarily;   to   the   others.    8_    ,.,   u„   ,^.
every day they work for wages.
Jim   Hawthornthvvuite's   reduction
uf  the election  deposit   in   D.   C.
upon  us  a
18 , words  are
veritable     god,   whose
to     lie  received   in  awe-
worth more to the workers of this fiirUck reverence without question,
province than 40,000,(KK) acres of when he ventures out of his own
land. ;nt,l,j   be  but   betrays   his   ignorance.
With a sensible exercise of the priv- even when his intention is the laud-
ileges of the former the latter and ' able one of making people believe
all  on top of it, and underneath it.   that  the  present   social   structure  w
mete out to itself the pverty and
misery which is its lot today, and
may be trusted to see that all have
on equal chance with others to live
and when that is done other things
will soon lie settled as they come
up. Political freedom will still exist, though "politics" may easily become an obsolete word.
can  be  acquired   by  the  stroke  of  a
l«.*n—or, at nny rate, acquired.
Ithe best they can hope tor. "Every
{cobbler should stick to his last.
: Political economy is not the forte of
I the  learned  professor.
The  inequalities  in  thc human  lot
' are   terrible    enough,    but  there   is
^  {nothing; whatever  of mystery   about
Taken at Random by Wilfred McNabb for Socialist Review. them   The mo,8t important inequai
' j ity is that    of    wealth.   Given the
—fitting  Comment Upon  Matters   Pertaining  to  the ownership of the means of produc-
tion  and  distribution  of  wealth  by
Daily Grind of Capitalism's Profit-Making Mill. a cla8S- and tne<i«aiity of wealth is
  ithe logical result.   Bad health is the
I result of bad canditions or ignor-
against loss by fire, and now that it 'ance, or both. Good health should
has been destroyed by earthquake he'd j be,   and under  a   system  where  the
of Com
un excel-
— ■Wahr-
lem.     j ■»   v. -s..	
Chile is  to a  high  degree his work
The  mechanic  comrade  Hens is not
to  bo  counted  amongst   tho  men  of
high   intellect   of   the   type
rude Rocgbnrren, but he is
lent,   und   reliable   comrade
heit,"  Milwaukee, Wis.
The fourth convention of labor will
meet  at Muvugu.-z on duly 1-tth.
In the City of Muynguer. a Social
ist party hns been born which intends to become the faithful interpreter of the feelings of the working
class. At the coming election they
will huve their own candidates in
not afraid to Su "
instead of lieing   the mere   tnil
Forty thousand persons thronged a
New   York race track on "Independence"  Day to witness    an    imitation
railroad  smash-Up,      That  is    nearly
three-quarters of the number of work
inginen killed and wounded    in actual
smashups on the railroad branch    of
the class war each year.     The casualties would be greatly lessened in this
lield, vve may be sure, if the railroad
workers only knew they were    in    a
tight.     The    policy    of      permitting
wolves   in   sheep's  clothing   to    lead
them   into the   mental   ambuscade  of
"identical interests" is alone responsible for the slaughter.
*    *    »
Thc other day Bryan said—but who
in hell cares what Bryan said!
«.   •   »
The coal  iperators (?) have figured
'ist    thc miners lost $12,400,000   by
tho field who are not afraid to suffer
defeat Instead of lieing the mere tail
piece of some bourgeois purty. We
read thnt the party in the hitter
part of July will start publication
of a Socialist daily, thc name to lie
decided upon by the provisional committee of the Socialist party of labor of Puerto Rico—From "Union
••   •« ..„„    i"n,.no Rico.
their lay-oft' from April 1 to May 15
I was never good at "tiggers," but 1
could be induced to gamble that if
the miners worked from now until Gehenna becomes a glare Of ice they
won't have $12,000,000. My confidence is inspired by the fact that
coal miners are purchased in the market just in the same manner as other
cabbage heads are bought; and as the
price paid for the commodity is, as a
general rule, the cost of its production. I  can't see how the miners can
like to collect. He doesn't care from j environment will hc of the best and
whom, so long as he collects, and you j ignorance a crime would be, the nor-
must write editorials anent "swind- : mal condition of man, and with good
lers." "On the dead," Arthur, j health would be found sufficient
wouldn't you like to see industry co- [strength and a high average of men-
operatiely organized, so that you tal power. Mental power above the
would not be compelled to sell your 'average would then, as now, bring
intellect to an unlettered possessor of jthe possessor honor and friends, and
his father's dirty dollars? ! to use  this power would,  as is the
* . *   * I rule now, even whore there is no pe-
Even small railroads in this covin- icuniary benefit, be a jov to the own-
j try and Canada report their "earn- j er. Socialism undertakes to give
ings" at approximately $6,500,000 for !evcrJone access to the means of
tlie last week in June. If those roads jwoalth production—an equality suf-
were owned co-operatively by the men !fioU.ntlv perfect to satisfv any rea-
who risk their limbs and lives 111 run- i8onnb*e Mng . it undertakes to Waning them the dividends returned to j,*er to everVoIlp the ful, social value
them would make considerable difter- , „le pri,(Ull.t of his or her labor-
ence .11 their standard of living. _But perfect'jU8tice.
as their wages are not high enough to •     •     •
enable them to buy the railroads and [/__■. 4    .
as thc likelihood of thc stockholders ]    "How dws il P**oP°*- to ■** about
-'  :- .,—x, .tlm   io uv I tho   work?
Overthrow of Autocracy and Feudalism by Capitalism—The Proletar-
ign Revolution for Industrial
Freedom Yet to Come the World
While editorially discussing the situation in Russia and Kurope generally a few days ago, the local Daily
Province    concludes:    -'Should    the
Kaiser attempt to come to the relief
of  his hard-pressed friend with the
German navy,  there  will be such a
storm in Germany that William will
wish he had been more prudent. The
Socialists in his own land are too
closely allied to the Russians, wbo
have raised the red flog of revolution to allow the Kaiser to attempt
to bolster up what is to them—and
also to others—the last remnant  of
medieval   tyranny.      From the  way
events are shaping in the land of the
Czar, it would gppear that the knell
of the  autocrat   has    already   been
The present revolution in Russia
is not a socialist revolution, but thu
overthrow of autocracy and feudalism by capitalism. True, the proletariat, as always, is doing the dirty
work and shedding most ot the
blood. But the proletarian revolution in Russia, as in all other capitalist nations, is yet to come. Just
as the present capitalist-ruled countries have passed through Russia's
present experience, so will they in
turn pass through the next revolution—the transformation of capitaliat
property into the property of the
working class.    If we have profited
giving them away is very slim, 10 say 1
thc least,  I would suggest  to    those '. fessor is a veritable Rip Van W
"   ' -- -'■- e—ut:.. I Socialists have fought political
giving them away is very slim, to say
^^^^^^^^^     '1 suggest  to    those .
! workers that if they vote the Socialist j Socialists
ticket, along with all other workers,   P*ign  after
jaw        '• *-- j —I.:-- .v,. r„^^c louarter     of
social prop     _
government  will be used to see
thev   get   all   they   earn
fought political cam-
campaign    in  the  last
century,   but  Prof.
clusa ng"   ,^^^__
apparent  to all.    So
poKd strength is «J»f* *f«J
•arties   neither    of  which  can  Ottor
!,«y relief, their votes count for no
,hWh.,'t remains? Only one thing-
<o rallv their forces on the politic
field under the ^Tr\±tSTal
dint .net from and oppose.! to all
ripltallstlc parties »«^«j£de££
dent liolitlcal l>«*-*ty of thtVr />wn'
V./,   the   Socialist   I'arty   of   Amer-
UThls is tho ono thing that capitalism has dreaded. 1' very resour c, of
its press, Its speakers, its uIpits
.„*,, U- henchmon among lnhi r or
«anl«tttloii8 has boon, and will con
The tanners in the Southern Wash
ington wheat belt aro finding it difficult, to obtain harvest hands, air
though offering thc fabulous wages
of $3 and Jf.'l per day. ln view ot
tho fact that thero aro so many men
who won't work, even for such fancy
wages, many of tho towns in thut
section have "rendered it possible to
inflict double penalty for vagrancy,
a fine and Jnil sentence of thirty
days being imposed, and tho prisoner being required to work on a specially provided rock pile in tho
broiling sun. The definition of tho
tern, "vagrnney" has boon enlarged
in its application in tho wheat belt
until it pructlcnlly devolves upon
to show that he has
of    support  involving
tion, ^^^^^^
save money and keep alive.
*   *   *
vs will bc passed making the roads Eg™**, *othC-ng ()f their inten-
:ial property and all thc powers of | Smith toOWSTO^ ^ ^^
that 1 tions.
0 see mat 1 uv.u.   -.~ —r,— -
when thev |a book  on  Socialism,  yet  often denounces  it,' hoping that  his  reputa-
s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^ss^sbbssss-^—      tion lis a "publicist" Will   give weight
The New York Herald is authority   and influence to his exceedingly asiu-
for the statement that in a speech be- line  utterances  on  the  subject.     S'o-
Al'ter   naming
companies accused of swindling those
whose  business  it  is  to  swindle   the
working class generally and    of San
Francisco particularly, William Bom-
hast  Hearst's    hired brains  remarks:
"lt is high time that insurance com*
anies ready to meet their obligations
hould take steps to force out of the
'itsiness  thc     swindlers      and     thc
vvelchers.' "—McTwen, you're kiddin'.
ny UWU19 uj ..
lars you cheat another out of the more
successful  vou  are.      Permit    nic to
the accused
80m°- -Sal effort on his part, for,
Tit £M ot ' "t«»>lo" to the police
liagislrule,   .he  prisoner  will  surely
^"J^uTarlhereby warned
to Loop «wuy from this dangerous
hit      ^^^^^^
■lchers." "—Mel wet,
You know success is what business
men nre after, and success is measured
bv dollars by dollars.     The more
ItCCCSSIUl     |„a^^^_^^
quote (from memory) a couplet showing that business men nave been
guided by the same motives ever
since   wage   slavery    succeeded serf-
"Get place and wealth if poitible
grace; J^^^M
If not, by any means get wealth and
I presume the owner of your brain
""■net possesses considerable property
San Francisco which was insured
spiritual, lightening the burden of la- j-a "the  only    kind  of  property  that
bor and adding to the comforts of the L.*n ))0 abolished.    If the capitalists
Now, that may appear to the j ol)ject   so  ,nuch     the  worse  for  the
poor"      ^^^^^
man in France to be the case, but to
the man up a tree it doesn't look just
so      While willing to admit  that the
• » «* ..* „
object   so
sSs^__ 11
introduction   of    machinery   lightens I   ,"."J,          "" „   ™u .
the burden of labor, in that tela    la-   °,,ta,n mo,,cy?   £• ^S '            ,
i money    commands     the service    of
Truly  the college pro-1 by past experience, and unnecessary
Winkle! I shedding of blood will be probably
avoided, but come it will.
The birth pangs of new civilisation
are coming closer and claser.
But the birth has yet to be accomplished.
The task ahead of the workers is
a serious and responsible one.
To read and understand events now
transpiring in the world's history is
one of the grandest privileges ever
accorded to man.
To feel the revolution in the sir
creates the loftiest aspirations and
determination to free mankind ever
implanted in  the breast  of labor.
 o— r
In  our  poverty and  toil,
Looking  out   upon the world,
We  can   see  the   gathering  armies
of the Cause ;
And wo feel  ourselves a part of the
new resistless power
That, shall   sweep  away  oppression
and  its  laws.
Why  ure individuals so anxious
borers are required to do the necessary work; at the same time we can't
quite see how it adds to the comforts
of the poor As "the poor" are thc
laborers and the laborers are "the
poor," wc are convinced that the
more their labor is lightened the less
"comforts" they have The "spiritual achievements" alluded to by the
ambassador undoubtedly are the
"three  lingers of wood alcohol"' tak
-   -        - -x j.....  ;
or she can ob
others.     Instead     of  being exploited
the  owner  is  enabled  to exploit  his
fellows.    In  tho   Co-Operative   Commonwealth no one will submit to exploitation because he    ~ -1"" '— •*■ "h-
tain access '     ""
meuns  of  production -urn  ■..-.>*.«»..  ......
full socinl  vulue of tho product. The'
present   incentive ^^^^^
will  no longer exist,  and that  is  a
matter     for
balance to
nd  that  is  a
rejoicing  and  not  for
iiiu% _^^^^^^^^^^     ano 1 ^^^^^^^
theiriierve-dcstroying toil. | gist for capitalism
en after work by th"<e whose dutv it ;mauo>-    ....     .<., 0  ...
is to run the machinery as a counter- jgrlei. as uny ono but a paid apolo-
"    *—:— *.*'t lu-ist for capitalism can see if ho will
It has been reported that the    Socialist party of Colorado has nominated William I). Haywood,    thc    imprisoned   secretary  of   the     Western
*-""■"."*•  '■",,""".,    1 . j 1 Federation of Miners,    as    candidate
to the collectively owned I (of rnor of „lat State     Thefe is
reduction and obtain W»Jey|d»n.-y somc crror fo regard to this.
At least a careful scrutiny of the columns of the New York "Peep," the
only "party-owned" paper on earth,
as well as the only one "fit for a
workingman to read," fails to disclose any confirmation of the report-
I ws
It'-- j
-1 -•"»   .
agai attee
the wester* fa-LAmnm. VAHooPVUt, ftfcimtt_oojj
i • —	
aATtlRDAV,    APQ-UBT   r,   -^
lb Men Bm
Published wary Saturday In tkra
latsresU of ths working class alone
mt the Office of Us* Wsstsrn Clarion.
Flask Block basement. 105 Hastings
Street, Vaacouvar, B. C.
Strictly la Advance.
Yearly subscrlptloa cords In lot*
of five or mors, 75 cents each.
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Address all communlcatlona to
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The fear has been expressed among
certain eastern "labor" men that
the holding of the Dominion Trades
Congress in .Victoria, B. C, might
result in tho adopting of some radical socialiat declaration." Of course
it would be a calamity from the
standpoint of these "labor" men,
as it would portend the approaching
end of that farce which has been the
means of enabling a mediocre bunch
of labor skates to pose sa the infallible high priests of the labor
movement and deftly steer it towards the, to them, succulent fields
of Liberal favor.
These worthies may well scent danger to their precious old threadbare
schemes of gaining political favors
at the expense of the gullible rank
and file, in the atmosphere of this
province. The workers in this western end of the Dominion are becoming altogether too well informed as
to the meaning of a genuine labor
movement, to be longer bamboozled
by a lot of cheap politicians into
being used as a stepping-stone to
assist these political scalawags to
find favor in the eyes of the ruling
The labor movement of this province will henceforth have an altogether different purpose in view. It
will hew to the line of class action
for the purpose of capturing the
reins of public power and using that
power to overthrow the rule of capital and assert tbe economic independence of the only useful part of
human society, the working class.
Those slippery creatures .who acquire rotund bellies at the expense
of duped wage-earners, by posing as
shepherds of the flock, but who fulfil
their trust by steering their charges
through the political gates that lead
to the economic shearing sheds of
capitalist property, may as well give
this province a wide berth. For that
sort of reptile the atmosphere is
poison. It is too completely surcharged with electricity of tbe coming revolutionary storm.
An enormous amount of lung power and barrels of ink are expended
in proclaiming the "rights of capital" and the "rights of labor." This
is all wasted. Neither possesses any
rights that it has not the power to
seize and hold. Neither has any
right the other is bound to respect
onco that other secures the necessary
power to successfully dispute the
claim. All of the enactments setting
forth the respective rights of each
are but flimsy attempts to Refine
the status of affairs existing between
them at a given time, a status that
is liable to be altered at any moment by the ever increasing power of
production and the re-adjustments
that in consequence follow in the
industrial and commercial field.
Capital feeds upon Labor. lt
draws its sustenance from the exploitation of the laborers. The latter being without property in the
means of wealth production are forced to oiler their labor-power os a
commodity for sale in the market.
Without property rights in the means
of production even the laborers'
right to life becomes an unknown
quantity. It is a thing he docs not
possess because he has no means of
enforcing it. His continued existence
depends solely upon thc whim, caprice or condescension of the capitalists who own and control the sole
means whereby it can bc realized.
In face of the cold fact that the
wage-earner does not possess even
the right to life it may be readily
seen that whatever theoretical rights
he may have in stock are valueless.
Capital has rights because It has
the power to enforce them. It has
the,right to appropriate the entire
product of the labor of the working
class. It possesses this right because it holds control of tbe organized powers of tho State, the only
means by which such a right can be
enforced. As strange as it may
si*ein it holds control of the State,
and by this means enforces its right
to seize the products of tho labor of
the working class, solely by the consent of the workers themselves. As
they outnumber the capitalists many
to one this power could not be held
by the latter without tho consent of
the former. The absurdity of this
arrangement is emphasized by the
further fact that the workers, in
most civilized countries possess the
franchise, a means whereby they may
legally destroy the right of capital
to rob them of their substance, by
depriving tbe capitalists of their control of the powers of the State, the
power by means of which they enforce  their   robbery.
The struggle between capital and
Labor is a struggle to the death.
There can be no peace between thean.
It is a fight to the finish. That finish will be in the victory of Labor
and tho enforcement of its right to
"It is estimated," says the United
States Department of Agriculture,
"that of the world's population of
1,500,000,000, about 500,000,000
regularly wear clothes, about 750,-
000,000 are partially clothed, and
250,000,000 habitually go almost
naked ; and that to clothe the entire
population of the world would require 42,000,000 bales of 500 pounds
each." A writer in "The World's
Work" points out with much satisfaction that cotton can not be successfully grown elsewhere than' in the
United Statea. This causes the
gentleman to gloat over 'four cotton monopoly," and speculate upon
its future possibilities. It is a
shame that half the population of
the globe are but partially clad,
while fully one-sixth are entirely
naked. Ii all could be induced to
wear clothes what a stimulus would
be given "our" cotton industry.
Large numbers of workers in the
cotton fields would find steady employment. Wages would of course,
bc high, as they always aro iu the
United States. "Our cotton monopoly" would enable "us" to become
rich. More missionaries should be
sent out among the naked heathen
to convert them to the true religion of wearing clothes. As to the
partially clothed they are chiefly inhabitants of so-called civilized countries. The most of them go half-
clad because they are too poverty-
stricken to do otherwise. A smaller
number because it is fashionable. At
any rate "we" ore thankful that no
other portion of the earth can successfully raise cotton. If the people
of the earth want the goods let
them come up with the "dough."
"We" will make the most we can
out of the opportunities Providence
has confided to "our" keeping.
Political movements express the
material interests of classes in human society. They could not exist
in a society that was not divided
into factions or classes by reason of
divergent interests. A political party
may, or may not, express the material interests of a class in society
that already possesses economic
power. In the first instance such a
party or movement becomes an instrument whereby a class already in
possession of economic power seeks
to maintain its position and perpetuate its power and ii possible add to
it. In the second instance it becomes a means whereby a class without economic power seeks to establish itself in a position where it can
seize such power and enforce its own
economic program.
The capitalist class of this and all
other countries are in full control of
economic power in consequence of
their ownership of the chief means
of wealth production. Their interests demand that they continue to
wield this economic power by maintaining their ownership in the means
of production. This can only be done
by and through the organized power
of the State, as this is the only
I>ower sufficient to define and defend
property rights. In fact that is the
purpose of the capitalist state. So
long as it remains a capitalist state
i.e., under the control of thc capit
is mode up ot small proprietors who
till their own lands, or operate thoir
own implements and tools, possess
little economic power, that is command of wealth production, and
what little they do possess is rendered of little vulue as their products must of necessity puss into tho
hands of the big combines ulready
referred to. That portion of the
working cluss that is forced to work
for wages in order to exist, is without economic power. The wuge-earn-
ers possess no control over the
means of production either largo or
small. The only influence they have
upon production is evidenced by an
occasional balky tit, when by pre-
arrangement a considerable number
of them by quitting work, muy cause
production to be interfered with.
This sort, of interference is happily
short-lived, however, from the fact
that soon after the stoppage of work
thc balky ones begin to get hungry
aud are soon convinced by their stomachs that tho only sensible thing
to do is to resume thoir labors.
Having control ot no economic
power the political movement of labor under such circumstances cannot
bc the expression of an economic organization, lt becomes the expression of a class in society, which, although without economic power, is
determined to conquer the point of
vantage from which property rights
arc established, defined and defended.
Hy capturing the organized power of
the capitalist state, the working
class obtains control of the sole
means whereby the capitalists assert
their property rights in tho means
of production and thus muiiituin
their economic dominion over the
workers. Hy utilizing the power of
the State for the purpose of establishing tlie system ,.f property in the
means of production which their material Interests demand, I.e., collective property, the workers, for thc
first time since civilization wus born,
came into control of economic power, that is, Into control of the means
of wealth production, Thenceforth
their every ni ve becomes au expression of the eco omic organization of
With the rise of the working class
to the control of the State, and the,
use of its powers to assume command of wealth production, the
State "dies out." Government resolves itself into a workers' administration of the affairs of a workers'
commonwealth. There being no
longer a class to rule and a clu.is
to be ruled, armies, navies, courts,
sheriffs, deputies, marshals, constables, policemen, detectives, |eniten-
tiaries, gaols, prisons, chain gi ngs,
poorhouses, reformatories i.l.d similar evidences of present class uile
will melt away into oblivion which
has already swallowed a host of
similar  hideous  and  unclean  L.ings.
On with the political movement of
Labor, and the regeneration of human society, which is even now te-
coming so corrupt and rotten under
the rule of capital as to stink in its
ov-n  nostrils.
In the editorial column of "The
Crisis" of Salt Lake City, Utah, under date of July 27, appeared an editorial entitled "Haywood for Governor," also about half a dozen
editorial squiblets of no doubt exceptional value, which had already
appeared in the editorial column of
tho "Western Clari va" under .lute
of July 21. We desire to apologize
for publishing the same without
giving proper credit to "The Crisis."
The only excuse we have to offer is
that at thc time of writing the
matter in question, we were unaware
that the editor of "The Crisis" intended to embody the same ideas in
exactly the same words a week later.
how,  being an avowed socialist,  he
ulist class, it is bound to define and   could vote tor the monopolistic mea-
defend property rights in conformity
with the needs and requirements of
that particular section of the capitalist class that Is In control of the
dominant factors in wealth production, i.e., the great industrial, transportation and financial combines.
The working cluss, in so far aa it
The following from the "World"
of this city, "the paper that prints
the facts," will be read with interest by tbe hundreds of working men
who have attended the meetings held
throughout the Crows Nest, Koot-
enay and Boundary districts during
the last few weeks by Comrade J.
R.  Hawthornthwaite.
"Mr. Hawthornthwaite's pilgrimage through the mining districts has
not been attended with the results
which he and his friends anticipated.
In sections where it was hoped that
he would bo accorded the fanfare of
trumpets, the boom of cannon, the
waving of banners and the wild
plaudits of the multitude, he has
been received with coldness and in-^
difference. At Fernie, Cranbrook,
Greenwood, Rossland and other centers he was sharply questioned as to
islate, wero found to bo purely fallacious. At ono ot tho meetings tne
socialist leader left the platform
without replying to several cogent
queries from persons in the audience.
We do uot thiuk we err when vve say
that the pilgrimage hus resulted in
conspicuous failure so far us gaining
recruits for the socialist cuuse. Indeed, it is evident that tbe ranks of
tho "party" have been seriously depleted. Men who formerly believed
in Mr. Ilawthorntlivvnite and took
stock in his utterances nre deserting
him. They ennnot understand how a
member can claim to ba u socialist
and 111. independent and still support
the local ministry on every occasion.
Another suspicious circumstance is
the refusal of the government press
to allude in any way to tho leader
und his mission. His friends comment on this unfavorably and claim
thut he has been deserted by tho
government orguns, who ure ashamed to identify themselves with him
and his cuuse. During his absence
from the coast, Mr. Hawthornth-
wuite bus been subjected to a lire
from the rear. j\t least two constituencies on the island aro organizing against whnt they arc pleased
to term the "common enemy" uml
huve tuken steps to insure thnt there
shnll not he a three-cornered fight ut
the next election between th,* points
of which a socialist candidate may
nguiii  creep  into  the  house."
The veracious "World" to the contrary notwithstanding the "pilgrimage" of Hawthornthwaite has lieen
uttended with far more satisfactory
results thnn were anticipated by
even the most sanguine among tho
Socialists. No one hus lieen more
ugrceubly surprised ut ihe thorough
grasp the workingmen of those districts have upon thc labor problem
from a revolutionary standpoint
thun Hawthornthwaite himself- That
they are thoroughly alive to the
"gold brick" swindles that have been
practised on them during the pust
by the political confidence Operators
of ciipitiilism, is clearly shown by
the resolutions that huve been ad
opted at the various meetings.
Take it nil around tho above dose
of "facts" taken from the "World's"
columns, are about as devoid of
truth as are most of the editorial
politicul lucibrations of that vi
uable sheet.
There ure, however, ono or two
real fuels embodied in the other
wise absurd slush. Tho silence of
the go*"rnineiit organs in regard
to lluwthori,ihw.".it*-'s "pilgrimage"
is un undoubted fact. This is due
to Conservative astuteness which
prompts them to smother the "death
rattle" in their throats, while the
Liberals bawl th.-ir dying agony
from the   housetops.
Thut the political factions of capitalism will unite ngainst the Socialists, the "common enemy," in
some constitutencies is probably a
fact. If it is not it ought to be nt any
rate. The sooner these two pretended
enemies arc driven to throw off
the mask of pretense, and come together where they belong, tho sooner will the workers realize tho task
before them and take energetic mens
urea to accomplish it. So long as
any appreciable number of workers
are still lead to believe that there is
any difference between Liberalism
and Conservatism, so long will tho
agony of wage-slavery be prolonged. By all means let them come together as soon as possible against
the "common enemy." The common enemy "will be pleased to crack
both of their necks at' once.
A good many workingmen arc
much disturbed for fear socialism
will restrict their liberty. Careful
research into the literature of the
movement fails to disclose anything
that would tend to deny them thc
liberty of chasing around for a job
whenever they felt disposed. That
is the chief liberty they enjoy at
present ; hence there is no cause for
It is reported that the Czar has
purchased a villa in Denmark to
whieh he may retire in case of emergency. He Is having a tunnel dug
from the basement of this villa
through which he may escape in case
of any suspicious knock at the front
door. This personal ruler business is
about played out. The care-free Ufa
of an American "hobo" is a sinecure in comparison.
sures of tho ministry, and in the
same breath bitterly denounce capitalists and property owners as
blood-suckers. At Rossland, where
he met Mr. Maedonald, tho leader of
the opposition, he was severely
handled and the reasons he advanced
for voting on all occasions with the
party whom he denounced as hoary-
headed old torics" and unfit to leg-
Some capitalist papers refer to the
red flag as the "flag of Anarchy,"
others speak of it as the flag of
Socialism, and still others as the*
flag of both "Anarchy and Socialism." They all appear to recognize
that by no stretch of even their
elastic imagination con lt to construed as a commercial "trade
On the first Tuesday after the first
Monday in November next, the American Sovereign with "patches on
his pants" will exercise the proud
privilege of making a political ass
of himself by granting to his master
a two-years' extension of power to
lay thc economic lash upon his fool
An excellent program, both Instructive und entertaining, has been
arranged for tho citizens of Vancouver for the week boglnning with
Sunday o.vt On Sunday evening
Comrade .1 H. Hawthornthwaite
will speak in the Grand Theatre on
"Revolutionary Socialism." During
tho balance of tho week tho local
dailies will "throw fits," more or
loss violent.
w is noal Omi*
Kmf}t**}y I.aW Uulou lu thi ui. " *"*"*»
vHTd to 1U1.cc a raid Mn.ler ll,,iV'" '"J** •• Is
meat's.   Rewet.ne. 01. «-*;,, J,.''"   »'*> p«
Phoenix      Mii.ers*    Union
W.  F.   M.     MieU
evening at 7.30 o'clock
hall.     V. Ingram,
Plckard, Korrctarv
No.   a
m Mineri-
pieslrti-i-l;  W 7
J. Edward Bird,    A. c. Brydots
B,   MeCioKHii,,
baruihtkh.h, •olicrroru ...ft
Tel.  R20.   P.O.  pox   9.t3
324 Hastings St. . . v„
ascDuvtr, B.C.
gmT Every Ijoral of On- Socliita,
Party ot Canada should run a u!i
under this head. si.00 ,».r m T?
Secretaries- please note.
Rriih.li Oolttmbn l'i .Uncial limmtm
Committee. Boet'iilst part* <■•(■»?
'> Tllf*.
We. the Socialist Party of Caaada,
la convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of ths principles and program of ths International revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor It should Justly belong. Te
the owners ot ths means of wealth
production belong* the product ot
labor. Ths present economic aystem la based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth productloa; therefore all the products ot
labor belong to ths capitalist clsss.
Ths capitalist Is master; the workar
la alava.
So long as the capitalists remain
ba possession of the reins of government all the powera of the stats will
bs used to protect and defend their
property rights in ths means of
wealth production snd their control
ot the product of labor.
The capitalist system^ gives to the
capitalist an ever-swellInr stresm of
profits, and to the worker oa ever-
increareng measure of misery and
The interest of the working clam   •-"•'nl Vuin*-*n*.*r, Sn. 1, s. p. (lf ,^
lies ia the direction of aelting Itself
free from eapitallst exploitation   by
the a-b-ol'tlon of the wsg« aystem. To .
accomplish    this    necesrdtatea    the
transformation  of capitalist proper- |
ty in ths   means   of wealth produc- i
tion Into collective or working-* loss
The Irrepressible conflict of inter- <
eats between the capitalist and   the
worker Is rapidly culminating ha a j
struggle for possesstoo of thn power
of government—the capitalist to hold i
it-la.    Merts ev.i >■ alien
day.    U. G, McKenzie,  *
Mux  X.,0.   Van. ,r.   I:   |       "Y
Dominion Bsaoothe
clalist Party of
••v.ry   alternate
< "mini,it*, ^
<*.i..-i.Ii     Unit
Tuesday,   j q
Morgan,   Beerstary,   ...-.1 Bsnui
Street, Vnuf-ouv.-i, 11  i-.
Business    n ... M.,,
Monday evening .t i„ ,« |U:lr,„
togleatds Block, lis «-.,.■,»,,.- strr*«,
(room Ii Meond Door) k.i-kh.
Bona] turn tings 1 mry Bui u* at 1
p. m.. It.    .siiiiivui    nu   ,-„.,-„„,
Street.    Frederic   Perry.
Box f-*HI, Vancouver.  It.
l/ocni Toronto, s. p. or c— Meats m»
oml nml fourth Tu« lays SocUila
II..ol.-inn tern, !«.', yin. ■- sirM
West   r. Date, Secretary II H«nrj
the worker to secure It by political I      "''''.''   J'Z^U l!: ">"T
This is the class striate.     I      S"",'*t>   '•'*'"' *""'  "»»■
Therefore, we call upon sll workers to organ!re under the banner of
the Socialist Psrty of Caaada with
the Object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of netting: up
and enforcing Uie economic program
of the working clans, as /ollows:
1. The transformation as rapidly
as possible. 01* capitaliat property In
the means of wealth production < natural resources, factories, milts, railway", etc..) Into the collect!va property of the working claas.
9. Thorough and democratic organization and raaaagecnent of industry by the workers.
3. The cataJdlshment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
Instead of productloa for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall always and   everywhere   until
ths    present    system    is   abolished,
make the answer to this question Its:
guiding rule of conduct.     Will   this j
legislation advance the Interests   of!
the working class and old ths work-'
era In their class struggle    against
capitalism?   If It will, the Socialiat
Party Is for It; If It will not.  the
Socialiat Party Is absolutely oppoaed to It.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges Itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
la its hands ln auch a manner as to
promote tho Interests of ttho wort-slag class alone.
t «»'»M
Local Winnipeg, S. P. of C. meet.
every first ami third ■
Voice office building,   in  k«t>rtt
avc.     .-,t     10.10  ■   iv       1   r„vm
Secretary.     ,>.H,     p, ...   .
Winoipeg, Man.
hereby apply for membership
In Local
 Socialist  Party of
I recognise the class struggle
between the capitalist clnss and
the working class to be a
atruggle for political supremacy, 1. «., possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workera Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby acres to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and alt other legitimate means the ticket and thn
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Admitted to Local 190..
l.-.lul-11-.biiJ   iho 1.
The Oldest Labor
Paper in Gonads.
Always a FearleNs expatu  • n
th<* cutis, ,,t laboi
p..r one doltai Bis papei »ui
bo wiit to any address foi om
Workingmen of an countrta
win soon nooguhM th. fad
th.it they muni aupport ..1*1
r«*.i-l  their  Inlxir paper*
IHHCKI)  i:vkry  raiDAT.
Tlie Potoa Publl-Jilng lo. lid,
U iiiui|H'K,    Man.
■"»■■■ ssss ....
Miners'Magazine j
Published Weekly by the
Wtftin rts-iratiM 01 Minn
A Vigorous Advocsts of Labor's
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year It.00.       8I1 Months, at
Denver, Colorado.
WANTED: by Chicago ahshmb
house, special repreaeutatJ-* '•**
each province in Canada. 3raar7
$20.00 and expenses paid «•*•!■•
Expenw money advanced. Bs*
noas successful; position permian*
No Investment required. Vt****
experience not essential to ea|*
ing.    Address
General Manager. 183 Inks 8t
 Chicago. HI ■ C^;
5 yearly sub. cards for |3-"8-
Bundla* of  35 or  more copies  t
one address, for a period of    du*
months or more at the rat* ef •*
cent per copy.
Patronise onr advertisers.
Riitcitiet-risnd others who r»llie Ihi adviMblU
t'y of having the r Patent buslnesn tniauicted
by KxoerU. Preliminary nd rice free. CliarHe»
moderate. Our hrveater>s Adviser sent upaa
request, ht> -loqifMarlon, Mew York Life »&.
Moutrnal j and Wsriiln-rtea, li.C, U.tt.A.
1'siei.u Ukeii tbrossa ■">"'",?„'
tptclxU anl Ut. Wlttimit ol.srse, In IM
Scientific Wttttft.
A hanrlsomelr lllsitnte-1 **»*»■   ]$£,, M •
aalallnn of »n» «e)*nua<> 1WSH' n»*.ni«
rear 1 four months, »L HuMI'mN •■" " u
rear 1 four nitmin*, »i. m"" »' ■»,LJI*  ' unrk ri
faATUftttAV, kWmr
m WE8TE1K PUMP*. VaaafOOt>Vl^ jgptt OOLPKBU
<s**®®$ ^^^^^^^^
These columns have been placed at
,-1h-,„hbI of the Party.  Secretaries
," i ,«nlu are requested to take ad-
"' ZZ 0f them In, at Intervals, re-
V" rtinic eo.idltlona In their respective
1 iiil.-H. Communications under this
1"!\ should  be addresaod tu  the  Do
I"'''"' .. I....I..I    U..,.,...l .,,!,.u I  ,.
minimi or
provincial Bect-etartes.   Lo-
ml •'
retarles are further requested to
I TV to these columns for announce-
I ''*   „ from tho Executive Committee*.
r! thlH means the business of the
j ,,'ny will bo facilitated and tho Do-
i l-niJri   und     Provincial    asoratarlsa
;,',!lou,l of a Uttlo of the IncreasiiiK
I burden of correspondence.
Vancouver Local.
Previously  acknowledged ;..,$22.f>0
B,  Huther  60
J.   It &0
M.   V 50
p. Oarrie     i.oo
Mrs.   J.   Burks   **
Heitdijuui teiH   Hox          tM
On- Clarion   Mubscriplion &l>
Total    las.afl
Frederick  l'erry, Secretary.
In order  to afford    comrades    an
,      ,CCeM  to  standard   works    on
ctJ.liam  the committee has decided
Syin»««k0< literature.     The
limvini! are on band and  will    be
lit iS i':'"',o a,,y ******* at
, -,,,     quoted.      Two-cent   stamps
'"ill be accepted for sums not exceed
Ibb -'5 ttttti
i.,,,.   Cominunial     Manifesto,
J   K,fl Mars    ..io cents
Socialism,   Utopian   and  Set-
cntific.  Marx   8c   Liifcls... io cents
■Wise    labor    and   Capital,
TjSrl   Mar"     Scents
[■flit Mission  "i  the Working Cl.i-*
Ickat    Vi.il     •»
l^ciali-m-ind Farmers, A. M.
Smom ,5 cent'
O'bei wrks procured to order.
The committee being a  Itockhold-
|rt :n   the    co-operative    publishing
m of Chas. Kerr & Co., can pro
|,'.-, literature for the locale at cost.
Carapaiga  fund  receipt books    are
nam ready and will be furnished   to
bah »t io cents each.
_ o— —
As will be seen  good use  has  been
[mads of the moneys subscribed m, fur
Jin th<- organising funds. Further or-
I (.-.lulling tours nre under cunt.- notation
I if fundn arc available.    Further mib-
1..<rlt'tWiiui  are   therefore   urgently   so-
Itetted us. with  the great Interest lhat
it  present l-elntt manifested in So-
• lallsm,  no b.'ller time could be  found
I 'or spreading      the  prol..«|-iir\d:i      nnl
[    i.i.In,i* up the organization.
The  following  Moms  have   been    IO"
j).i>«-d   to date
jii.ini.e mi hand »JJ.M
|i:   Wade,  Perl  Harvey    ...00
Total MM*
J. a.   MOIIOAN. Pec..
&&1 Barnard St.
Vancouver, H. C.
Tlie following amounts received up
Ito date:
IPrcvloualr**  ftetoowtodgod    fHi.oo
IPw .1   ll.  Bawthornthwalts    80.00
•fetal   HOfl.00
Greenwood, II. (J., Aug. 11, 1000.
Hear Comrade : Oreenwood Comrades have I-,111. ii themselves together and have re-organin-d. Kti-
e I one. I llnd ten dollars (4)10.00- for
which please forward that amount
in due stumps. Also send oue hundred insmbershlp cards. You might
also send u few constitutions. Send
the bill along and 1 will remit by
return mail. The boys are going to
work with a will and you will hear
from un next election in no uncertuin
Yours  in  the  ltevolution,
the Bobbery of Labor by the Wage-
System the Same Under "Free
Trade" as "Protection."
The diversity of opinion between
the British and ourselves on the
subjects of protection und socialism
afford food for thought. Socialism
is growing here rapidly ; protection
w« have long hud. The total vote
cast al the election of 1904 was 18,-
528,879, of which the socialists cast
434,''74, a percent uge Of the total
voU! of 8.217, as against .913 in
1900.—Kxcerpi from "Unionism in
Politics," in July Typo Journal, by
J.  E.   Jennings,   New   York,  N. Y.
F. B. Shearme, Financial Secretary of Britannia Miners' Union No.
21« of thu W. V. ot M. desires to
acknowledge through these columns
the receipt of the following sums in
aid of Albion (.'hurch, who recently
lost his eyesight in an explosion in
the  mine :
Hritannia   Mine    $274.50
(Oinpress  Mine   '.     11.00
Hritannia Hotel       10.00
Employees  Hritannia  Heach       34.50
It has been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build up a central fund
to he used in generally assisting in the
"'mini? campaign and more esnceiaiiy
for the purpose of printing a"d u»W'i
Inning campaign literature. -
All comrades wishing to collect;
f-.r tliis fund should at once apply;
to the provincial secretary tor a re-;
keipt book. No effort should be
.spared in building up ibis fund.
I The following amounts received up
Ilu date:
{Previously acknowledged  ? 5-°°
I   T   Mortimer      ' °°
Two Clarion Mil*** (D,  K"gcrs
and W  Blake       ' °°
Total $7-«»
1). G, MCKENZIE, Secretary.
Editor Western Clarion, Vancouver,
H    C:
Hear Sir:—From reading the articled in the Vancouver uiul Victoria
daily papers it would M-ein thut
"boOjUOt throwing" and "hot air"
discourse in the chief pastime of ihe
capitalist  editorial  retainer.     Very
gently al first, but nevertheless certain, came the "hypnotic suggestion"
that, -'grave doubts are held us to
whether scarcity of labor might not
bc a serious detriment to the rail-
road building which is contemplated
in the west." Since that time hardly an it-sue Of any pa-wr in Winnipeg   comes   out   without   an   allusion
to. or a direct  assertion regarding
the  scarcity   of   labor.
Now. I emphatically deny lhat uny
such -scarcity exists, and can prove
the assertion that no railroad in
either Manitoba, Saskatchewan or
Albert a has ever suffered from a
scarcity   of  labor.    The  fact   that   the
average wage paid for such work is
$1.75 per day is suflHient proof
ihut no M'areit> exists. On some
roads $2 00 is paid for common
Inborers, nnd $2.25 for rockm.-n.
$1.48 -pet day is lhe princely sum
received by a C, P. 11. section man
in Alberta, with the magnificent ad-
vane.- of Ave cents per day if he is
fool .-Hough to stay for one year,
and as a rule be roOChON his limit ut
that   figure, as  il  anybody  is laid o
it in generally the (1.50 man.
I am not in a position to sny
whether the G. P. It. is nny worse
thun other roads in Alberta, but 1
do know that th.*y manage to draw
interest for about 23 days on over)
.nan's pay, so 1 presume that is the
sentiment they have for the safe
keeping of his money.
If I am not taking ton much of
your space I would like to request
the readers of the "Clurion" not to
lave any notice of this cry of "scarcity of lnbor." which is continually
voiced by the prostitute press of
Winnipeg nnd elsewhere. There are
plenty of idle men in Winnipeg at
the present time, enough, 1 should
Boy, to fill every vacant job in this
or an*) other province, and still they
cry for mure Inborers nnd the dailies
keep their "wnnt" ads in print in
order to make the gullible believe
that the city is full ol jobs and
cuuse them to wonder why the workers won't work when thoy get a
chance. My idea is, that they are
waiting for those twenty thousand
Salvation Army slum refugees from
the Old Country to do it for them.
What a glorious free wood chopping
exhibition it will lie when the whole
twenty   thousand   get   into   Winnipeg
next   winter
527 Hoss Ave.. Winnipeg, Mun.
August 1,  190fi.      .
" The    politicians   are  always  the
last  people  to see  what  is  going  on
under their noses.   They will jeer at
me   when   I   prophesy,   and   prophesy
with  the utmost confidence,  that at
the   next     presidential   election   the
Socialists  will   poll  over a  million
votes.   They (the politicians) do not
realize  that  the  masses  have  sickened of the buncombe and Insincerities
of the  old* parties  or  that  they are
coming   to     realise  that   politics  as
played   in   the   United   States   is  no
more than a game between two sets
of sharpers at the exjiense of a muddle-headed     public.      That   public,  I
believe,     is     growing  less   und   less
muddle-headed.   It is having a pretty
severe  truining  in  actualities ;  it   is
getting  to sec;  things us they really
are.    It  sees,   for  instance,   that    in
America the scale dips down on the
side  of  capital     more     heavily  and
wantonly than  in any other country
in   the    world ;     it     believes—Is   it
wrong   in    lielieving?—that   the   millionaire und  thc  boss  rule  und  own
ihis lund and everything  that  there
is  above  and  beneath   it ;   thut    together they control all the functions
of government. ;  that  the courts and
the  ballot     box     are merely  instruments  of  their  power ;  and  the constitution  a   hand-maid     of  their  iniquities ; that  ull  legislation is conceived in their interests, drafted and
voted   for  by   their  henchmen ;   that
there is one law for the rich and another  for  the    poor ;     ten  thousand
dollars   for   the   protection   of  property und only twenty dollars for the
protein ion of human life ; that under
the  forms  of  democracy  the  American   aystem  and   the   American   ideas
have been warped und perverted in-1
to  a  conspiracy  of  plutocrats   and
professional   politicians   uguinst   the
coinmon     weal ;    that    justice     und 1
equality—not   only    social    equality]
but   economic  equality,   equality  of
opportunity1—have vanished from thai
American soil ;  and   that   many   mil-:
lions  of   Americans,   women  and children  as  well  ns men.  fatuously  culling  themselves  fr,*e, are held  in the
grip of a wage slavery more horrible
and   more   remorseless   than   that   of .
the   new   Congo   or  the   old   South." j
The  above  is  not   taken   from  thei
rabid   rhouthings   of   a   Socialist,   or
the  extravagant   utterances   of  some
Croiy     "anarchist     agitator."   lt   is
clipped   from   an   article   by   Sydney
Brooks,     published     in       thnt staid,
sober nnd eminently respectable journal. "Harpsr'a Weekly," of July 14.
The   Socinlist   hus   been   held   up   to
ridicule and scorn because he has re-
An eastern exchange says the net
earnings of the United States Steel
Corporation for tho last quarter yeir
was over $4.r>,000,000. This is ull
bosh. The $45,000,000 represents
the net earnings of its slaves, over
and above their v. ages, and which
they got euchred out of under the
system they vote for. What's the
use of lying about a measly little
At one of the saw mills in the in-
terior the bossi-s have posted a notice prohibiting the slaves from talking while at their meals. It was
at first supposed this was done to
prevent them from indulging in seditious discourse, but investigation
shows thnt. it. was prompted by a
very commendable consideration for
their physical welfare instead. The
grub provided is so abominably
tough thut articulation, mastication
and deglutition ennnot be curried on
in conjunction, without grave danger
of fatal results, nnd just at the
present moment "lumber jacks" are
none too plentiful.
The agricultural possibilities of
Uritish Columbia nre, at least in one
respect, greater than in any other
part of the Dominion. As most oi
the lund st anils upon edge, both
sides muy be utilized,
Some who started early are now selling ten
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
a copy.    Send to   us  for circulars  and wholesale
prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
Regular business meeting, August
Oth, Com. Morgan in the chair. Mm-
'iies of previous meeting rend and
approved. Warrants were ordered
ilrawn for the following  sums:
Hint „f hend<|uatterH  *  ., rn
«ullivan   ilull   rent     »•*
Literature         l*H{|
Venning Headquarters         •>"_ !
Kloctrie light      *<™
Communication received from city
council informing local thnt city
hull wns. let on Sundays for rel g-
'"'is ur semi-religious meetings only.
Comrades Pottlplees, Stephens and
McKetuTdo appointed a committee t<>
"Kiiate the mutter. Communication
"■'••'"iviMl from Com. Hnwthornth-
waito to the effect that ho will be
willing to speak here on Sunday —
Ui'.'-rred to program coiiunitteo. with
insl ructions to engage tho Orand
I.iteruturo miles for week   I J-W
Col lection   Sunday's  meeting-    o*o
lilies             4'75
Total    •";«>
Report   received    and the meeting
(From  The Worker.)
For lack of good reasons why capitalism  should  exist,   Its  supporters
invent    bad    reasons  why  Socialism
should not   take  its place.
The Chicago public library has debarred "Tho Judge" because the directors consider it "indecent."
Funny, that's just whut Mr. Armour
(letting shot (or running alter
other men's wives is one more risk
the capitalists seem willing to take
for the good of society.
If that much-heralded anti-Socialist
crusade doesn't get a move on itself
'there   won't   be  any   homes   left  for
Socialism to break up.
Some people ure hard to satisfy.
A few years ago the capitalist papers nnd politicians declared that
Socialism would never grow in this
country. Now they are complaining
because  it  is growing too  fust.
The political boss Is merely the industrial  boss under another name.
The woman who doesn't like Socinl ism shouldn't grumble when her
husband's wages won't go as far as
she  wants  them  to,
"Industrial accidents" resulted in
the death of 4..175 work people in
Great llritain during hx>.-;, according
to thc "Labor Gazette" Happily,
however, no interruption ol industry
occurred iu consequence, although in
ferred to the wage earning cluss ns
slaves. When such thoroughly reliable and well posted journals as
"Harper's Weekly" publish, without!
adverse      Comment,      articles   which-
speak   of  the  wage  system  as  wage-
slavery,    it   would   appear   that   the
opponents of Socialism are tho ones
entitled   to  ridicule  and   scorn.
A glorious vista is opening to the
vision of the workingmen. Sixty
employees of a wholesale grocery
house in Chicago recently received an
advance in wages of fifty cents per
week. The millenium approaches.
It is in (act, within easy reach.
The Los Angeles Times records
the horrible fact that (our 'hundred
unskilled laborers in the employ of
the united Railways of San Francisco
were recently organized for the purpose of securing an advance in wages
up to $i.2S per dav. The stupen-
(I ms sum of §2.25 per day.
Just think of it. Why this is scandalous. What in the world could
any working man want of all that
money? It's altogether too much.
They might by its poaaesaionion be
k9d into temptation and acquire the
many bad habits to which the rich
are as a rule addicted. They might
contract the gout through high living.
At any rate the Times is to be commended tor protesting against such
reckless greed.
For the
Having been authorized by
the publishers of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at the
regular rate -$1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
Prov. Secy.
• Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Many complaints are reaching tills
office from Bubacrlbers who fail to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually In type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
theSe complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity In the
performance of their duties, even if
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who does not receive his paper to
promptly notify this office. Missing
copies will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition in the future.
The   publication   or    pel ii-dieals   of
every description is a specialty witti
Hie  "llarion."      Telephone or  write
ior estimates.   Every facility for sui-ii
work, anil promptness and satisfaction
Five Clarion sub. cards-—$3.75.
Five yearly suf>. cards—$.'».75.
by buying this*
reliable, boneet,
high grade i
ing machines
National Sewing Machine Co.
Five Clarion SUb. Cards—$3.75. [Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
|    Victoria   Advertisers    |
o o
Colonial Bakery
30  Johnson  St.,  Victoria.  B.C.
Dalivarad to any part of the city.   Aak
Driver   to   call.     Then*   84V.
lost in washing
some cases nun  >■"; ■       mnehinerv
blood stains from valuabl' in.ulimcry.
The various labor organisations of
I.os Angeles are arranging for another mass meeting to protest against
the arrest and imprisonment of Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone, The
interest in the welfare of these imprisoned men is evidently not dying
OUt among their fellow workers who
have not yet been honored with arrest.
The net earnings of the United
States Steel Corporation for the
year eliding June 30 were $40,tl?5,(>,t.v
Unfilled orders on hand on June ,\o
were 6,809,589 tons. Over forty million dollars of profit taken out of the
sweat ol its slaves in one year is not
a had showing. lt is good for the
masters as well as good for the
slaves. This is evidenced by the fact
that both seem to enjoy it. Thc prospective profits to accrue from the
tilling of the orders on hand June 30
should also look good to the masters. The joy the slaves will get
out of it will be a rich compensation
for tlieir services, to say nothing of
the splendid wages they will earn.
Great arc the blessings bestowed upon humankind by the rule of King
Capital.      God save the king.
Do you know we aell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
FOB   .A.   C-B^.2T9-£
71 Civiraramt Street, Vlctarii, B. C.
^^H TK.l.KI-llONK K779
J J Maiilaclarer al I i
Ni. 8 Ctitrt St.
v..^u nifK*-;Q
v;hat the Tarty la doing on the Pacific
Coast  of  the  United  States,
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Pnrty nnd  By thc
Socialist Party."
Ten weeks, ten cents] one yonr, 50 cts.
United Hatters of North America
When yv>u are buying a Fllll HAT aee to It
that the Genuine Union Label la sewed in It. If
a retailer han loo.se labels In his possession and
offers to put om- In a hat tor you, do not patronize
him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeit!.
The genuine t'nlon EtSbel Is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are Home times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia. Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MO I II IT, President, QXtmwt, N. J.
MAKTIN LAW I,OK, Secretary, 11 Wuvcriy Place,
Now York.
m HI
■ 'ii' ;t'
■" 'HeH He '*■
' f»«
'f|m   •
■ * SHI 1
I'    «!
i :'s<iHB| ■
1 '$■■-' '1
- (
»A*l*imPAY,   AOQtjgT
% Edited by R. P* PE*-TriFIKCE, to whom all i-orrcspoiuleiice lor tlds department should be addressed.
The Fourth of a Series of Articlta
Com. John Cloak, of Bellingham,
Relat-ing His Experiences, Observations and Conclusions as a Lifelong Factory Hand.
The word "improvement" has an
ominous meaning to the being who
must dispose of his or her physical
powers by piece meal that the necessaries of life may be obtained, it
is tho moans used to draft thousands and hundreds of thousands into the army of tramps through lack
of employment.
The word "improvement" is never
used in any case where cost is not
reduced and every useless expenditure abolished.
All cost simply means labor, for
there can be no other. All material
was placed In the earth without thc
effort of man, but can only be abstracted by the expenditure of human strength. For material substances do not possess this attribute
but must receive it from humgn beings. It is therefore neceBBary that
the worker look well into every notice which appears in the papers
where the word "improvement" is
used. To illustrate : If a road is
reported improved it means that a
greater amount of goods can be carried in much shorter time. This
means increased productive power
and can take its place with the machine tor displacement ot labor. But
the argument might be raised that it
is a general benefit. Just so ; and
tha ■sua eon also be said of every
machine or organization of forces.
But the good of all this, is absorbed by those who do no real necessary labor, while the opportunity to
procure employment becomes less.
Labor works the same hours as before the improvement. Oncel the
workers become aroused to this fact
thoy will see much in mine, factory
and Farm, that enables them to
correctly know the trend of events
so far as the life of the worker is
concerned, and will enable them to
test the merits of all questions
brought before the public, proclaimed to be in the interest of thc workers. Having fortified themselves it
will be an impossibility for them to
be again led astray by any straw
claim offered by any designing person. In the example I shall give 1
would like the reader to pause after
each statement and ask themselves
if the questions raised by their
preacher or priest, or the principles
held by the old political parties will
remedy the unsatisfactory conditions.
This being settled I next request the
searcher to search and see that 1
have made no error, and I guarantee that he and I will have no differences of opinion regarding the
proper remedy.
Now as to the iron industry. There
have been  wonderful  changes  in thc
collecting of our coal and stone used
In making and refining of iron and
steel.   It has been estimated tbat it
required  80  million tons  of  ingredients in tbe year of 1905, and the
average distance these were conveyed by boat and rail was 450 miles.
With the aid of the machine every
man, woman    and     child would be
compelled to carry one ton over one
mile each day in the year in thc United States to simply get ingredients
together to make iron.   The unloading processes     now    in  vogue have
displaced  thousands  oi  workingmen.
The  lifting   of  weights  by  magnets
charged by electricity is one of the
wonders of this age.   Tons of metal
and ore are lifted up, carried to the
proper place  and dropped as easily
as a child  would  handle a marble.
This system has within the last year
been extended to the storing department where large castings and heavy
bars and  pigs of    crude metal aro
handled by this means.    Thousands
of men will look to other lines for
employment,  for 10 boys 15 to 16
years old with these great magnets
will do the work of two thousand
men with bars and rollers and the
old atyle chain blocks.   With a few
turns of a    switch,   whole  carloads
ore lifted and placed in their proper
position as easily as  a school boy
would  pick up a pin  on his knife-
blade tbat     has    been magnetized.
The meana  of handling  ia  not   the
only improvement but the making of
metal  has  been  multiplied  a  thousandfold during the decade just pasted.   In one year the number of men
in one department was reduced from
17  to  8 and    the  wages cut from
901*00 to $8.75,  while tha product
rose from 100 to 160 tons.   Nor is
this a rule that is applied only in
isolated cases.   It is a general law
of capital,  that  all  benefits  of  increased production    shall  belong to
the owners of capital, and all misery
to   the   workers.      The     claim   of
Thomas A.  Edison that in the near
future  iron     will    be  smelted  and
neatly piled up without the aid   of
human beings looks more reasonable
with each  passing    day.    His claim
that there is no limit to which production can be made mechanical and
the possibility of the worker being
almost  entirely  relieved  from labor
in the near    future grows brighter
with the dawn  of each day.      The
touch of the button means much today in  Iron    production.    It raises
the rolls,  directs the course of the
metal, calls the men and closes the
Bellingham,  Wash.,  Aug. 8,  1906.
Surface Medications of Capitalism s
Cess-pool of Vice, Crime and Iniquity Shows What a Seething
Mass of Corruption Lies Beneath—Bobbery of .Wage-Labor
For the Parent Crime.
It's not so many years since the
capitalists of England introduced
tho opium traffic in China, lt proved to be a profitable business, aud
as the victiuis wore otny Chinamen,
what odds?
But society, like tho individual,
must pay the price of its violation
of the laws of nature
The profit-system is maintained at
an  awful cost.
Speaking of the Thaw case last
week, Rev. Joseph Loues, a Roman
Catholic clergyman of Pittsburg,
said :
"This is another evidence of the
moral • decline of the rich of this
country. So-called fashionable society is so rotten now that it reminds one of the days of ancient
Rome and Greece. And that is just
what we are coming to. We are on
the decline morally, and unless some
great power makes itself felt in the
near future, the United States will
be as Rome was at the time of its
He fully agreed with the views of
Cardinal Gibbons and said that, although his home was in Pittsburg,
he must pronounce the so-culled upper society of that city "morally
"This debauchery and immorality
exists almost entirely," he continued
"among the millionaires—men who
have come up from almost nothing.
These men are really not Pittsburg-
ers, although they are casting a
blight upon the name of tho city.
Just as soon as they gain their
wealth they go to New York, London and Paris to spend it in pleasure and debauchery. Pittsburg is
too busy for them—too commercial."
Another despatch from the same
daily press which stands for the perpetuation of capitalism with all its
insufferable iniquities and cess-pools
of vice, says :     **.
Opium, morphine and cocaine today have nearly 50,000 abject slaves
in New York city. There must be
several times as many more who are
as yet comparatively beginners —
those who are dallying with these
drugs, taking their first steps along
the poppy path that enda In the
potter's field.
The "dope habit" has permeated
every class of society, except, perhaps, that which earns its bread by
manual labor, and it is beginning to
make inroads on that. Brainwork-
ers of all sorts, from the petty clerk
in the office or factory up to statesmen, lawyers or great medical specialists, are victims. There is not a
business or profession free from the
taint, which is more awful becauae
it con be ao long concealed.
The habit is spreading rapidly
among physicians, a large proportion of the layers of odds and bettors of all kinds—bookmakers, professional gamblers and racetrack
touts are victims. There is hardly
a fallen woman in New York who
does not sniff cocaine or use opium
in some form.
Socialism will destroy incentive,
the home, individuality, etc., and
liberty, often say our opponents.
The proletariat will have to hurry
on the social revolution, or there'll
be none left to destroy.
Capitalism is based upon the robbery of wage-labor.
Robbery is essentially a dirty business.
The mode of production largely determines the ethics or morality of
any era.
How could one expoct anything
else but the very kind of "society"
dominant today knowing the means
by which they acquire their wealth?
When an awakened working class
seizes possession of the .reins of government, and converts collectively-
used property into collectively-owned propu'ty carries on production
for use instead af profit ; gives' to
the worker the product ot his toil,
it will be in the best interests of
For then men and women will be
removed from the category pf com-
The hours of labor will be "divided up."
Every able man or woman will be
called upon to accept their share of
the responsibility  and  work.
Competition—already supplanted
by co-operation, except among the
job-seekers—will cease ; though competition among men and women, as
such, will and should take its place.
To go into indeological suppositions as to what all .will or will not
take place under socialism, is not
the purpose of the writer, but this
much, at least, can be said-: Socialism is baaed upon clean principles,
and for the same reason that capitalism is what it is, and must fall
of its own weight", socialism is the
only hope of the world.
Socialists alone can look the world
in the face, with a full knowledge
and confidence of what is in store
for the present rising question.
Wage-Slavery ns  Exemplified  by  the
Capitalist    Governments    of  Alberta   and     Saskatchewan—Obli-
.gations     of    "Servants "—Sony
Need for a Labor Movement.
The last issue of tho Liberal Governments' labor market barometer,
labelled "The Labor Gazette," contains a good deftl of statistical information pertuining to the wage-
slave camps. Probably the coarsest
bit of "law" ever enacted in modern
days is reproduced as a warning to
obstreperous, slaves in the newly
formed provinces to tho east of B.
C. It's so good it's really funny.
Bead it over ; then pinch yourself ;
say "190i>"; read it over again—und
laugh I It should convulse even a
slave.   Here it is :
"Any person engaged, bound or
hired in Saskatchewan and Alberta,
who ls guilty of drunkenness, or ot
absenting hlmaelf by day or night
without leave from hla employer, or
of refusing or neglecting to perform
his duties, nr to obey the lawful
commands of his master, or of dissipating his employer's effects, is
considered guilty of a violation of
his contract, and Is liable, upon
summary conviction, for damages
not exceeding $30, at thu discretion
of tho justice or magistrate, together with tho costs of prosecution.
Tho alternative In default of payment is imprisonment for one month,
in case the fine nnd all costs aro not
sooner paid."
The Homo That Postum Post Feared
Socialism Would Destroy.
When a working man is found
guilty of abusing his wife or of doing wrong, ho is sent to tho lull
grass by his associates ; but when
a man (») like C. W. Post is found
guilty of "extreme cruelty" to tho
wife of his youth and a divorce la
secured on that ground, the immoral
wretch marries a fresh stenographer
and is elected president of the American Industrial Association, ns a
moral model, wo presume for tho
youth of America to follow.—Western Laborer.
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver
Telephone 429
■ PKO»H*T SAt.i:S	
Q' ICK RHTll.s,
Cor. Abbott <t» Cordova St*. Old Cos. Buil, j*^
Under the Auspices of Vancouver Local, S. P. of C, will bc held in the
Grand Theatre
Sunday, Aug. 12th. 8 p.m.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite, m.p.p.
who has  just returned  from a six  weeks'  propaganda tour  throughout   the
Province, will be the Speaker of the evening.     His subject will be
Every man need* .1 Hal whti'H
EngUah and American iplii ,)rH
worth $2, $250 and $.1 .-.rt ...'crtdi
llit* price.
Thry arc odd line*, liai tkt ««y
arc bran near, worth ju»i u modi
they ever were t,. thl no thtyj
althuuKli the cm •       • ,     :   i,*f|
$1   per  I1.1t    Hut   j ■•.! il lu-c : 1 bwjj
IM Carom Jintt
! Second Hand Dealer]
t'oou   stow   eat   ic* •
We buy and ••'! all Uafttf]
te rap metal, old nr.ihttn. j
rubber,  aarka,   hottlm. etc
St   K.
1 j? and i.;- Corto**.]
j Hardware, Junk and Fumiwrtl
•n»M i57i
Vaicamr, 1.1|
Sanitary Expert*
Platform open.—Seats will be provided for Ladies.—Collection to defray expenses.
—Good Music.—Electric Fans.—Comfortable Seats. -Inform yourself
as   to what Socialism means to the Working Class.
i'lutnbing a I
Ita branch**.       Eallmatea fun
Repair*,  atove connections, «t*
Ml <f CSTftlNSTCR ML, teat* I
Ruling Class Executive at Ottawa
Names Cannery Owners to Inspect Their Premises, With Desired    Result—Trade    Safe—All'a
Campbell Sweeney, as manager of
the Bank of II. N. A., which holds
tho Cannery Trust in its grasp,
made a fitting member of the recent
commission, appointed by the Liberal Government, to enquire into the
conditions around tho salmon canneries of the Eraser river, nnd along
the Canadian Pacific Coast. The interests of the western salmon profit
—mongers demand that official sanction by the Canadian Government
be given to the eonsumers of B. 0,'a
canned fish in tho Old Country.
With the appointment of Mr. Sweeney, who represents the mim having
the fish to sell, the decision waa executed with neatness and despatch.
Phil Armour could havo made as
good a report.
The "Tjothbridgc Trades and Ijabor Council, seeing the desirability
of consolidating the labor movement,
of .Alberta, with a view of making
its power felt in the various legislatures of the country, requested
the opinion of organized labor nnd
their friends upon tho advisability of
going into independent labor politic*.
In other words becoming a part of
the world-wide socialist movement,
the only political expression of labor's cuuse  upon   this  earth.
First Clamt Bar.        Excellent llooma.
Price* Moderate.
Tho editt>r'<.i! page of one of tho
\otnh i%'ty>&s^ayk\»*&x' '.' .-Cajarfca
that "what British Columbia ncedR
to make her jroit, prosperous nnd
populous, is development, and development cannot bc gained without
laborers." We hud fondly believed
thnt cnpital wns the only thing needed and now it seems that prosperity can only bc realized 'vhen there
in nn ample supply of laborers to
be skinned. Thus is unother of our
cherished illusions knocked into a
cocked hat.
rent! fl
single    ooplea,   f.  f*ntJ:   '1
cople*, 25 cents; 16 mv*t\ "1
cent*;   40    copies,   il^'-
cople*  and   over,
These rule* Include I""*l
to any part of Canada of*!
United Kingdom.
"The Weitern Clarion i
ilancl.Msilr Boots ami Shoes >» -,^u
sll style*.    Rc-mlitni! I" ssitiptly *r_J||
ly -it-itf-.    ataeh of •Upl' i™flr"^|
Shoes »lwny« on hstia.
I4M Wastaiaitar kn      **** m
hnve »|
int. n")'
IF VOU are at present cooking with conl  or wood  w<
proposition   to   muke.
1st—We will supply a fire nt nny hour of the dn.v or nifpi
day of tho year—all you havo to do in "strik* 11 match."
itttii^ Wff^r^a inr v' •'-* jr --^-i*-**^*-^ irit .tffc* ■tebtsma^A?*'**^
ing,   toasting,   ironing uud  other requirements  of lions'"•',; "'
ing than you can obtain from either cool  or  wood. ..j.
3rd—Wo will  relievo you  altogether   of   the  drudgery  »■ ,|UI
Ing fires, currying coal  or wood,   handling   u.ihes.   antl ;
We  Will  do  ell   Ihnu    11.:......     .      __     .   ...iM,l,  in 'l'r'
small   compared
will do all theae   things    for    an   amount   Which l»
• (iiiim"'
Think this over and Phono
give you  details
with  the  efficiency and com foil  you  will <" » '
•r and l-hm..* sn     w.. ...m .......1 ,.n.< »-«-1 ■ • 1*tj**
111.   Wo will send our ropn
Vancouver Gas Company. Ltd.
msi sisi.i


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