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The Western Clarion Jan 20, 1906

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Array X
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
\ MMm
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday,  January 20, 1906.
[be Light ot Reason aod Truth Slowly Breaking Through the
Thick Cruit of Ignorance to long Characteristic of
the Capitalist Press
What ls brewing in the   caldron of
lus-nan mutiny, massacre and insur-
ution?      What   does    it all  mean?
that   w"ill  be the result  to   Russia
Uie world?
Jn the    first   place, it is probable
mit events in Hussia   will do more
change the course of history than
ny thing   that    bas    happened since
French Revolution of 1789.     lie
frho has the slightest knowledge   of
e period   which   began  at   the  (all
the bast lie and ended at Waterloo
it, Feel iu respect to it nothing but
huge   iima/emeiit   and   wonder.      The
trepch    ltevolution     was    a social
irthijiiuke,     a      politicul     tornado,
fhflch  tore  men's idea* and  institutions loose from all  ancient     moor-
jgS,  unit,   in reshaping     them,   pro-
tuced the moilern world.
Fix  this  in your  mind,  and     then
isk   unother  question  about   Hussia.
gk this question:
Am   the    prene.it events in Hussia
but a prehide to other events as ter-
fi 1 n- and    significant,     which  will in
lhe next, quurter of a century agitin
fhunge  the aspect  <>i   hujiion  aflairs'.'
Iteincnibcr,   in  the  first  place   thot
Ilie     American     Huvoluliou     was   a
bast of  tho  French lb-volution and
lhat the ideas In our Declaration ol
|n.|.-|eiHU-iire  arc  ideas   which  Jefler-
ii  got  in  the     works of  Housseau,
lirul-cttu  and  other  French philosopher* of tho 18th century,  who pav-
the way for their revolution   and
our own.
1'...•■i-.seu'i was the father of modem
NTiiocrucy.   'Ibis nation wus its first
<J.     America     was     born  sooner,
ri'h less1 travail than the French Re-
nrWir,     because   France,   for
A point to be remembered by every
student of current events—and wc
are all, in our wuy, students of current events—is that the ideals of
that period of the French ltevolution were purely democratic. With
i all its mistakes and horrors, the
French ltevolution did strive after
the democratic ideal, an ideal today
largely uttaincd by the western nations.
In one hundred and twont.y-r.vc
years,   howover,  human   ideals     have
• hanged. These Russian peasants
und workingmen, whose frozen corpses aro stacked against the snow-
drifted barricades in Uomow were
lighting (or an ideal. When masses
of men light without organization
and without orders, us they do in
revolutions, they ore always lighting
for an ideal. What is this ideal?
What power has il to sweep the
Ibe French revolutionists talked of
constitutions ami the rights of man.
The Itussian revolutionists are tulking* of division of land, of oc|uuli/>
ing      the   rll-.'t jtAllloU   of    Weal Hi,     of
• ither crude und half-formed ideas of
economic change—in a word, t-'ocial-
Tolstoi says that Hussia is in better position than any country in the
world to attempt common ownership
of land.
■•h hud    been the    bulwark of Buro-
•-iiii  despotism.
Today look at the map of the
,rld. America, France and Swit-
erlsnd are republic*: F.ngland and
Italy, of tin* Other great powSrS, are
|< actual l.v free, though under mot>-
chial forms, while Germuny, Auk-
irla and Hussia have up to this time
li-a'le   less     pi-ogre**   toward      Is-mo
The  revolutionary     UldWMIHSlt      in
Russia hat) iM-en going on for neni ly
year,   and  n* conservative an   au-
liortty     as     the   loinl.ui   Spectator
hredlcts that  it mav  last  five   years
Ionic''    "'"•  it   further suggests  thnt
|nome yOahg  Itussian lieutenant of nr-
lillerv   may     today   be  studying   the
Irurwr   of   WapOlSOfl   llonainrte,    ami
ll»-   i^ialilii it      to   art   at   the   end     nf
[that   time.
whatever    course    it  may   psirsue,
kowever often it toby apparently is-
fwi I-pressed, there is no reason to
"H-pos*  that the  Russian  revolution
[will  stop or go  backward.      Indeed.
jit will continue and it will grow,
■it>il us importance  to Hussia and to
Ithe  world cannot  be exaggerated.
Should Hussia, in course <f time
and after a glut of horrors, betome
a Socialist or semi-Socialist state,
the revolutionary wave would spread
for good or ill.  lo other lel.on*-.
Already we road of Austrian* and
cenitir-j Hungarians insisting upen   universal
•nifTrngv und a delegation r.f no loss
than 200,000 workingmen l.lling the
Vienna ringstiasse to impress pur-
li anient with their earn-.stn-ss in
making the demand.
In Germany the Socialists, insj-ir -
•*d by event* in Hussia, huve begun
nn agitation for the reform of the
election laws which will give them
the representation in the Reichstag,
possibly u majority of that ;*odv, to
which they are entitled. On .Ian. 14
the.v will distribute .'l.iKKl, >ti ci pies
of a revolutionary manifesto, and on
.Ian    81   they   will   plan   to   hold   260
public dejnonstrations,   'ihe kaisar'a
advisers are urging liii.i  to eini.lo.v
tr<io|is to suppress this Msg agitation.
So the revolution i" spn-ading. It
mav reach Kngl.-ind. when- one-fifth
of the population live in desperate
poverty. It may reach America,
nnd help u* to peacefully sw-cep
o»ny the whole ignoble army of
grafters ami restore to the peoplo
their just share in government and
well-being, which tho fathers of the
nation designed for them — Clove-
land  Press.
; International Socialist Bureau Calls Upon the Workers of all
Lands to Observe the Anniversary of the
St. Petersburg Massacre.
On the 22nd of January it will be
a year since the day when Nicholas
II. and his councilors ordered thu
massacre of the St. Petersburg
workingmen who came, as supplicants and unarmed, to urge the
• lose of a disastrous war, the amelioration of their own niisvruble lot,
und the concession ol those uleuit-n-
tai rights which the worlangmin ol
all other countries now enjoy.
That 22nd day ot .January marks
a decisive date tn tho history of the
Kussian  ltevolution.
it opunod the --copies eyes, ll
swept away tho illusions of those
who still iKtlif.vi-d in the benevolence
ol the Tsur. It definitely unchained the supremo struggle, the duel lo
death between thu working class on
the one hand, and, on tho other, thu
last props of a regime that universal consasvnes has long since condemned.
Vainly does Tsarinm endeavor to
conjure off the day of its doom by
">" commission of new crimes, lt
mobilises the Cos-sacks, lt organized its "Black Rands." It eggs on
'h« unhappily unwary against tho
•lews,and tho Armenians, the "Intel-
tortuals" against all those whoso opinions, whose nationality or whose
race renders tham presumable eiuun-
los of Rurcaurrncy and Absolutism.
Against such infamous manoeuvres
tho revolutionary proletariat has
boon opposing for the last year the
most admirable effort that has ever
lieen made by tt people to corkpicr
Hs freedom.
Throughout tho extent of the Empire the ltevolution is now in per-
iiiaucnce. Strike succeeds strike.
Not a month passes without now ef-
V.irts wrenching from Nicholas II.
concessions that prepare and render
Inevitable his ultimate downfall.
'Iui morrow „f that 22nd of January'
I'oland distinguishes herself with a
striks of 600,000 woi-Vuingmon which
•paodily spreads over all Hussia to
the rallying cry of: "Death or Mb-
'•■"'.vf" Kalalcff executes ths Grand
Puke Serirlus.     The    working   class
true the prediction made at the International Congress at Paris, held
in 18811: "The Hevolutionary movement of Russia will triumph as a
workingrlass movement, or it will
not triumph 'at all." Today,
thanks to the abnegation, to
tho spirit of self-sacrifice, and to the
heroism of tho proletariat, the revolution is certain to triumph. Already, throughout Europe, the inevitable collapse of Tsarism is cracking to their very foundation all tlie
powers of Keaction.
Rut thc work in not yet done.
Though the Revolution is accomplished in the heads, it has only begun to crystallise into facts. Before
Russian Socialism can celebrate a
decisive victory, the proletariat will
have to continue to struggle for
many a month, for many a year,
In this struggle which is the struggle of us all, Russian So lulismxnusl
Is.- able to count upon the moral
support, and also the material assistance  of   the   whole  International.
It. is with this thought in mind
that comrades of the United States,
whose thrilling appeal you will find
attached hereto demanded that the
International Rurcau invite Uie parties affiliated with it solemnly to
commemorate the historic date of
January 22. in order to make manifest that. the workiiigim-n of the
world are ut one with the Russian
We feel convinced, that, wherever
Sociulist consciousness has lawn
awukened, our proposition will meet
wilh favorable reception. Now,
ON MONDAY, JAN. 22, 1906, OR,
Down  with Autocracy!
Long live international Socialism!
Argentine—A   Cambier,   M.   Ugarte.
Austria—Dr.   V.   Adler,   F.   Skarct.
Australia—H. Dierk*.
Bohemia—A.  Nemee,  F.  Soncup.
Bulgaria—G.  Kirkow,  T.  Sakarow.
Denmark— P. Knudsen, C. M. Oi-
Franco—E.   Vailiant,   J.   Jaures.
Germany—A.   Rebel,   P.   Singer.
Great Britain—II. Hyndman, J.
Kier Hardie.
Holland—P. Troelstra, H. Van
Hungary—J.   Welt ner,   E.   Garaini.
Italy—E. Ferri, F. Turati.
Japan—Sen Katayama.
Luxemburg—Dr.  Weltner.
Norway—I'lav Kringen, A. Erik-
Portugal—A.  Guecco.
Spain—I*.   Eglesios,   F.   Mora.
SerVia—V.   Stoyanovitch.
Sweden—H.  Rranting,   C.  Wickinan
Switzerland—P.  Rapin.
United Stares—M. Hilquit, I). De
Executive Committee,    (Belgium)—
Edward      Anseele,     E.  Vandervelde.
Camiilc Huysmans, Secretary.
The valuation of capitalist property is determined by the number of
workers whose services it is able to
command in the production of
A lone bandit held up 18 men in a
saloon in the wry heart of Butte,
Montana, nnd got away with the
plunder. 'lhe making of a successful capitalist in that chap.
"Tainted money" has now become
nn ancient myth. 1-awson's "story
of the amalgamated," und the Insurance scandals, ore well-nigh forgotten: the rapacity of the "Beef
Trust'' is a worn out legend, and
.apital still reigns. l>et us return
And now Senator Clark, of Montana, is being prosecuted for fraudulent land entries. Thus is dear old
")'■ "■ntive" subjected to another ruth
let assault, well calculated to
cause civilization to turn a back
somersault into barb«riis»..
The peasants of the Tsarsfco-ielo
district, nre looting the estates and
burning the buildings of dukes,
princes, and other aristocratic pirates, almost within sight of the
Czar's -palace. Such impudence on
the part of the "lower classes" is
spurns the temporising endeavors of
the ChiMowsky Committee and ol
the Minister of Finance Kokowszew.
Agrarian disturbances break out and
tho peasants take possession of Uie
seigniorial estates whose owners are
k.vping in hiding in the cities. The
sailors of the Potemkin make common cause with thc people, and raise
on the Tsar's ships the standard of
tbe Internalionul. Soldiers in ever
larger numbers, refuse to fire upon
their brothers, 'lho de|-artmcnt of
war i owardly gives the army of
Manchuria over to atrocious misery,
not daring to recall those force* in
Russia. For the first time political
parties tukv -.hupe in the open. Promises art made to them: concessions
nre announce-1. Tho Tsar proclaims
his "unalterable will" to convoke an
assembly, but only a consulting assembly, elected by the nobles and
thc rich, to the total exclusion of
tho working class, as well as of thc
"educated canaille." He causes tho
imprisonment of the nover-to-bo-for-
gotten hcroe* of the revolution—
Wassilicw, Oorshkowltch, Gasprzak,
Krnuse. Khinelnitsky, Nikofarow, together with their friends. Ho eausos
Pet row, TitolT, Adamonko, Tehorny,
Moteheslovor, together with thoir
comrades of tho revolted fleet to lie
shot. But (he blood of tho nuirtvr
is a fruitful dew. Evor ■Dreading,
tho Socinlist movement either gathers together for a common effort
Or'draws in its wake tho proletarian
masses of the cities, the people of
tho fields, and tho liberal elements
of thc bourgeois*. In all the largo
cities the general strike breaks out.
Communication is suspended. Russia is cut. off from tho rest of tho
world. Duo to the strike on tho
railroads; tho government is struck
at It* vitals: after a few davs of
resistance, Nicholas IT. solemnly
proclaims his defeat by lho manifesto of October SO, announcing now
The history of the year HHte has
revealed to the world the valor of
Russian   Socialism.    It  has   proved
The gross earnings of thc railways
of the United States last year are
given as a 1 Uie over *3,000,0M),-
the course of a quarrel between I DtH). This gives some idea of the
Harriman and Hill railways over I enormous amount of work performed
a crossing near Portland, Ore., Har- I by Harriman, Gould, Vanderbilt, Jim
riman's men tore up the track and; Hill and the rest of the railway
burned a bridge belonging to the \ magnates. Only for the likes of
Hill roadway. Did somebody say them the working people would have
•'l.ovv and Order?" : to do  the work themselves.
Martyrs of
Bloody Sunday
ptiea Fries
Winnipeg Scribe Pointi Out Why "Canada Will Never be Immune From Destitution/' While Capitalist
Prosperity Lasts.
"The year now at on end has been
marked by the highest degree of material prosperity in the history of
thc country." — Winnipeg Tribune,
Dec. 30.
In an editorial found in the Telegram of thc same date, a   sample of
material prosperity" in shown. To
quote: "A dispatch from Montreal
says that hundreds of poor people,
who have depended to a large extent
for their livelihood during: the winter
on cleaning snow for the city, sent
a deputation to the city hall clamoring for work of some kind to enable them to live." Further on:
"There are thousands . . . honest,
capdble, and thoroughly reliable men
who have no prospect of livelihood
from day to day. To them the
mild winter spells disaster. . . 'lhe
whole subject is pathetic but the
cold fa-t is that Canada will never,
any more than other countries, be
immune from destitution." The
other columns of the Telegram teem
with the same lie so brazenly promulgated by the Tribune for, though
it is true the robber class has enjoyed "the highest l<*gree of material prosperity" during tho pitt year
the inference meant to te drawn by
the reader is that the whole nation
has enjoyed the same degree of prosperity, and that is not the fact as
witness the Telegram.
•'■*'' *
Thousands of "honest, capable and
thoroughly reliable men" anxious to
work and denied thc opportunity:
"Canada will never, any more than
other countries be immune from
destitution." What a commentary
on our boasted civilization! What
a contradiction to the oft made
statement that no one need lack
work in this country. We may forgive the capitalist press much for it
continually furnishes facts and makes
statements with which the Socialist
may point a moral and adorn a
So long as capitalist conditions
hold sway no country may be immune from destitution. The ownership of the means ot production by
an idle class, grant-rng access to
Xhose means of production only when
profit can be made is the cause of
the poverty and misery in which the
greater number of the working class
live nnd move and have their being.
By virtue of this ownership the capitalist class possess the whole of the
product of the working class. The
capitalist, however, cannot exist,
as such, without workers. He must
allow those that work for him enough to live upon in order .that they
may continue to work for him. The
capitalist cannot give less than the
necessary subsistence, but the worker is ever desirous to obtain more
and yet on the average fails to do
so. Why? Recause there are "thousands of honest, capable and thoroughly reliable men" looking for
work, and the competition between
them .ensures the capitalist his laborers at the cheapest price obtainable—viz.: the cost of their subsistence. This is the iron law of wages,
this is the law that the aforesaid
"honest, capable and thoroughly reliable men" are ignorantly, but none
the less efficiently, engaged in supporting at every eleetiton and between  whiles.
To ensure the competition between
the workers being keen enough to
bring wages down to the subsistence
point there must, all the time, be a
number of    the working class   with
out work and this "reserve army"
of capitalism is kept well supplied
by the continual displacement of
workers by labor saving machinery.
In times of "prosperity" when
wealth production is at its height
such large drafts are made upon rhisj
reserve army that it ceases to aU
tract muih notice, wages rise, times
are '-'good," but when the inevitable
slackening of production takes place
the number of unemployed becomes
so large as to be a menace to the
peace and privileges of the capitalists, the wages of those employed
fall, discontent reigns and something
must be done.
*    *    *
In Groat llritain the unemployed
problem is not confined to bad tajmes
but has become chronic. The distress at present is so great that during the last parliamentary session
wa* born legislation supposed to giv-i
op|tortunities to the unemployed to
obtain work, but so far the act has
remained inoperative having been
passed with that end in view. There
is, however, another reniedy—-ein»jj^-a->
tion. Gwing to the fact that they
have prc-duced too much wealth, the
workers of Great Uritein are unable
to live in their own country, therefore, they must "move on." Any
honest investigator must think it a
peculiar system where the creators
of wealth starve in the midst of superabundance. Xo other animal but
the genus homo would submit to
such an insane state of affairs, but
he is docile, patient and long suffering, requiring much education and
many hard experiences before luiding
a way out of his troubles.
*    *    #
The Socialist points the .vay out.
History shows us that each system
of society contained within tltelt the
germs oi its own lecay. i-'cuiialism
ruled for many centuries, ihe land
owners constituted the ruling class,
but within the feudal system was the
rising middle class, the traders and
manufacturers. As the division of
labor grew and consequently the amount ot wealth produced increased,
this class ' became more and more
wealthy, but needed to free itself
from the shackles of feudalism before it could obtain its full development. To do this it found it neces.
sary to obtain the political power
and after a long struggle was successful in Kngland more S*J than in
other countries. The capitalist]
class now rules, and below it, and
exploited by it is the working class
who, to save itself from utter destitution and misery must follow the
example of the capitalist class and
obtain the political power with
which to concjuer and overthrow feudalism. The number of unemployed
grows ever greater and greater with
a consequent increase of misery and
destitution, to which it is not to be
supposed any great number of human beings will willingly subntit.
Something must bo done, but it
must be done by the working class
itself. The Socialist points the
way. Socialism is inevitable, even
as capitalism was inevitable. Tbe
distribution of wealth must be
brought into harmony with its production. The means of production
are now collectively used, but owned
by a class. They must be collectively owned in order that production
may be collectively owned and eqsii-
table distributed. Then, and not
till then, shall we be "immune from
JANUARY 21st, 8 p. m.
Among the Speakers will be
N. L. JOHANSON. late Lieu-
tenent in the Russian Army
and prisoner of war in Japan
A collection will be taken. The entire
proceeds to be sent to the Russian Workers* to aid them in their Struggle for
Again Running Full Blast In Grinding Out its Annual Grist tf
The Western Clarion goes to press
on Thursday P.M. The following
dispatch was received last week too
late for insertion, as it reached the
oftice at 9 p.m. The issue was off
the press prior to that time:
Victoria, H.C., Jan. 11, 1906
Provincial parliament assembled
today with much tinsel and blare of
trumpets. Fashionable attendance
on floor of House. Proletarians conspicuous by their absence. Prayers,
blessings, etc., King's speech read,
various matters mentioned and promises given, but labor matters carefully avoided. No bonuses for corporations this year either, so Socialists cannot have lost their grip.
Hawthornthwaite started proletarian!
program by introducing Woman's
Suffrage Ri"- Speaker solar-plexus-
ed him by demanding two days' no-
titice. Gave it promptly, also notice of intention to introduce Monday next, Act to Amend the Provincial Education Act, and Coal Mines
Regulation  Act.     Williams   follow id
up with notice to introduce Master
and Servants' Act (weekly wages),
and Amendment to Workmen's Compensation Act, to increase indemnity.
Session will be as short as the
teres ts of capitalism will allow.
On Jan. 15, Hawthornthwaite introduced his bill extending the franchise to women, also one reducing
the candidates' deposit in Provincial
elections from $200 to $50.
Upon the same date the following
bills wore introduced by tbe Attorney-General:
"An Act to declare tho Law with
respect to Ancient Lien'.*."
"An Act respecting the County
Ccurt of  Atlin."
"Au Ait to Amend the Rur-ah al
Mines Act."
"An Act to Amend the Gen.trnl
Trusts Corporation Act,  1905."
dust what bearing theso bills of
the Attorney-General hnve, cither
beneficial or otherwise, upon the interests of thu working people iimv
be seen at  a glance.
Doors open 7t*30.
Everybody welcome
At a Rerlin pastrycook's a lady
had come in with her little girl for
a cup of chocolate and cakes. Presently she was observed to rise in
haughty indignation, and gather her
skirts preparatory to leaving. She
had been deeply insulted.   Her   ser
vant having a tree hour, had D-jrought,
a sister for an hour's cfuiet talk,
and this being tho nearest place, she
came there when hor mistress was
there. Fancy the latter being forced to drink chocolate In the t.unm
room with her servant!— Ex. -
i j
j. r
THE WESTMtH ftr At>tAu   trAvnmmra    ftftfflflil OOLUMBU
Saturday . ...Tami.i
Published every Saturday to ths
interests of the working crass alone
at ths Office of the Western Clarion,
Ftaak Kock basement, 165 Hastings
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Btristly ia Advance.
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If jrou receive this paper, it is paid
all communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C
Watch this label om your paper. If this number Is on it,
your subscription expires ths
■est issue.
Saturday ... JaRuary 20,1906.
tion of human socttety, the product
of centuries of development can be
put to its proper use of lightening
the burden of toil upon the shoulders
of the individual man.
Individual zealots who are carried off their feet by sudden waves
of enthusiasm brought on by Utopian visions of glorious prospects opened to their admiring gaze by the
magic wand of their own conceit ami
self-importance, and who would jbbild
what they term "economic organizations" in which the workers are to
be "drilled" for the task of "taking
over and successfully operating" the
industries when capitalism shall, by
some mysterious process bo overthrown, overlook the fact that tbe
economic organization already exists, and the workers have grown
up with it- have been drilled into
its operation and today are operating it with all the measure of success possible under its present form
of ownership and consequent control. That these workers have little or no participation in the accruing rjeneflts does not arias from their
lack of ability to operate, but in tha
capitalists' power to apply the benefits to other purposes. The action
necessary to deprive the capitalists
of this power has already been mentioned and needs no further elaboration. It is so palpably self-evident
that it could not well escape the notice of anyone with his eyes open.
these workers of the ages have
brought forth those splendid achievements in thc Industrial arts that are
making of this era one so prolific in
wealth production that its power is
beyond computation. It would be
far easier for the workers to again
equip themselves with everything required for the carrying on of industry than to carry upon their backs
the present burden of capitalist exploitation. And besides all of this,
the capitalists could not remove
these things from any country without the assistance of the workers.
Bystander need not be m the least
alarmed. No such good fortune
will come to the workers ot this continent as the getting rid ot the rule
of capital in any such easy manner.
Hut if such a thing should happen
the lot of the "Western artisan"
would be a most happy one. happy
by virtue of the fact that he would
no longer be compelled to support
an extremely expensive bunch of
leeches called capitalists.
cause capitalist agencies nullify their
fancied possessions in (his line.
Decisions liko the one referred to,
should, nnd undoubtedly will, accomplish much good in one way.
They will render invaluable assistance In      destroying   the    prevalent
The reading ot the history of mankind from the materialistic standpoint shows the trend of industrial
evolution to have continually been
in the direction of a more perfect,
complete and powerful organization
of the powers of wealth production,
i.e., more efficient economic organisation. The purpose lying behind
this development, and in obedience
to the irresistible force of which it
has been pushed forward is, that of
enabling mankind to supply itself
with the material resy-uisities for its
comfort and well-being with ths
least possible expenditure ot human
energy. Men, either as individuals
or aggregations of individuals, have
been but instruments in the hands oi
the underlying forces that have pushed humanity along the pathway of
material progress. That they have
turned things to their own advantage, and away from the really legitimate and benencient purpose oi
the general well-being, is undoubtedly true, but that the ultimate outcome of all of the turmoil and agony, and travail of, past and present
times will be the uplift of tbe race
to a greater degree of comfort, of
happiness and of general well-being;
would seem to be equally beyond
The organization of the powers of
wealth production, i.e., the economic organization of human society,
is rapidly approaching that degree,
of perfection where it can no longer
be held in subjection, and made subservient to the whim or caprice of
anything less than the whole people
acting together in the common interest. In fact it can no longer
be kept from performing its legitimate function of providing tinman
society, even down to its humblest
unit, with the material requisities
to a full, tree and bealthrui civiliz-
ad existence, ia return for services
rendered in the interest of the commonweal. Thero is evidence upon
evary hand to show the near approach of the collapse of the present or capitalist control of the economic organization aad its assumption by human society for ths common good. That this '"Tr^'rg
change will be effected by the action of ths working class does not
ia Use least altar the facts in the
'case. The victory of the working
class ia the impending conflict merely signifies the application of the
benefits arising from powerful and
highly developed economic organiza-
tiob, to all the members of society,
instead of to a favored few as at
To effect this change imperatively
demanded by ths needs of the hour
necessitates ths conquest by the
working class of that sole point at
vantage from which the.ownership—
and therefore mastery—of economic
organization and power can he dictated and enforced. This point of
vantage is government, the organized power of the State. It is this
power alone which today withholds
from all except the favored few any
participation in thc benefits arising
from the powerful modern economic
organization. It is the power that
holds intact the present or capitalist form of property in the means of
production, and thus preserves to the
capitalists the control of economic
power and the absorption of the
wealth arising from iu exercise. It
ia ths power that holds the working
claaa In its present condition of economic bondage or wage-servitude. It
is the power that must be broken before the present economic orgaaiza-
about    "constitutional
It is to be hoped that those who
regulate tbe policy of the artisans
and give the signal for industrial
war do not leave out of sight the
possibility of being brought into
competition with the cheap labor of
four hundred millions of industrious
Chinese, If, scared by incessant
strikes, capital were to take flight
to China, what would be the lot of
,the Western artisan?—A Bystander
in Weekly Sun.
Bystander evidently labors under
the delusion that somehow or other
capital provides for the necessities ot
what he terms the "Western artisan," or is at least indispensible to
his existence, and if capital should
take wings and fly to some more
congenial clime, Mr. "Artisan"
would be in a hard fix. Quite the
contrary is the case, however. The
workers, whether skilled or unskilled, live, not from capita], but from
their own labor. Capital expresses
merely the relationship existing between them and their present economic masters. lt in no way aids
them in providing for their necessities, but on the contrary erects a
barrier in the way of so doing, because it seizes upon tbe product of
their labor and retains unto itself
as much thereof as it possibly can
thereby,, depriving them of the privilege of utilizing it for their own
sustenance and well being. Every
dollar of wealth accruing to capital
through the operation of a country's
industries, represents that amount
taken from the workers without anything given in return. Out of this
capitalists and their hangers-on live,
oftentimes in riotous luxury, aad
what is left over is converted into
additional capital with which to enlarge.the process by the exploitation
of aa additional number of workers.
The power of capital rests in its
control of the labor of the working
people. This control is' held by capitalists by virtue of their ownership
of the means of wealth production
upon which the workers, perforce,
depend for their existence, i.e., the
ownership of the resources of the
earth and the implements of industry whereby the workers transform
such resources into usable things,
such as food, clot Wag, shelter, etc.
If the capitalists of this Western
continent were to take alarm and
transfer their capital to the Orient
or elsewhere, it would merely mean
that they had transferred their privilege of exploitation of labor from
this country to another. They would
of necessity leave the land and all of
its resources behind them, and, as a
matter of tact, and of still further
importance, they would also leave
behind them.that portion of the people of this continent who have in
the past made sad are now making
it habitable by civilized man, b.v
converting its resources into the
things necessary for his sustenance.
They would leave the workers behind unless the latter were so devoid of sense as to follow after their
levanting masters for tlie purpose of
continuing to wear the yoke of servitude to which they have so long
been accustomed. It might be argued that tbe capitalists would takta
their shops, factories, etc., out of
the country and leave the inhabitants destitute of these indispensable
things. The workers have created
these things unaided and alone.
Through the long and bitter experience of thousands of years, in spite
of all obstacles that could be erect,
ed in their pathway by crafty, cunning and unscrupulous rulers both
temporal and spiritual, who have
preyed upon their superstition sod
taken advantage of their ignorance,
As another proof that the judiciary is recognized by the capitalist
as "the bulwark of American liberty," we produce the following from
the Associated Press dispatches:
"New York, Jan. 3.—In the appelate division of the Supreme Court
yesterday a decision was rendered in
the case of Harry Marcus, convicted
on a charge of coercing Hyman
Sheinbaunt to enter into a written
agreement with the H. Marcus Shirt
Company not to become a member
of any labor organization as a condition of securing employment with
that concern. The judgment of conviction is reversed and the defendant
"The court holds that the section
of the penal code which forbids the
making of contracts of thc kind described, declaring such act as misdemeanor, is unconctitutional. 'It is
the duty of the state and nation,'
says the opinion, 'to protect every
citizen in the exercise of his constitutional rights, and so long as the
state and nation last, inability or
unwillingness to perform that duty
may not be assigned as a justification for a law making the exercise
of one's constitutional  rights crime"
The above decision from a Court
of Appeals, is about as brazen as
ever disgraced a judicial tribunal.
According to the above decision, an
employer of labor can use his economic power to force an employee to
forfeit his "constitutional rights" to
become a member of a labor organization. The economic power of the
master, is his "constitutional
rights," and those "constitutional
rights" are the means by which the
employer murders the "constitutional rights" of an employee according
to the verdict of the Appelate Court.
If this decision is founded on the
constitution, then the law againet
prostitution is a farce.
Men and women can enter into
contracts end though the contracts
are against the "penal code." Yet
there are "constitutional rights" to
be considered.
The court failed Ur make a statement as to what, were the "constitutional rights" of Sheinbaum. who
as a wage slave, was denied the
right to enter a labor organization.
This decision leaves the wage slave
without any "constitutional rights."
—Miners' Magazine.
The last sentence in the above explains why "the court failed to make
a statement as to what were the con-,
stitutionnl rights of Sheinbaum."
The wage-slave has no constitutional rights, hence no statement relating thereto could be forthcoming.
The only right that either the slave
or bis master ever had, or ever can
have, is that which (hey may have
the power to enforce. The superstition about constitutional rights is
one of the most ridiculous that ever
held baneful sway over the minds of
men. Nothing could be more supremely ridiculous than the faith that
abides with tbe majority of men that
certain rights are secured to them
because an allegation of such rights
Is recorded upon pieces of parchment.
The waster class today enjoys the
right to exploit, brow-beat and maltreat thc working class to a degree
without limit. That power is enjoyed for the simple reason that the
master class possesses the power to
enforce that right. It has all of
the powers of government under Its
hand and at its disposal, with which1
to effect its purpose. It holds these
powers by the consent of the enslaved class, and although their exercise may work hardships upon some
members of the working class who
have sense enough in their heads to
withdraw their consent, the ruling
class is justified in using these powers In any manner It chooses, so
long as tho majority of the members
of human society give sanction. The
workers of Russia possess only such
rights as they are enabled to take
by sheer force from the ruling clsss
of that country in utter defiance of
all rules, regulations or laws, previously promulgated by their rulers,
In spite of all the sham, hypocrlcy,
pretense aad superstitution of constitutionalism in the United States,
the workers thore are In the same
fix, and the sooner they go about
the conquering of the righto they desire to possess, the better. It is
worse than useless to complain   be-
In another column will be found
certain resolutions touching upon labor matters, adopted by Glad-don*
I>Ocal Union of the United Mine
Workers of America.
It is evident that the Fernie minors are obtaining a clear conception
of the steps necessary to secure any
permanent relief to the workers from
the merciless exploitation at the
hands of capitalist property, under
which they suffer. Having advanced
thus fur it is reasonably certain
these miners'will soon reiich the conclusion that it is imperative thnt
they henceforth elect their own men
to parliament. charged solely with
the" mandate of tho men of labor.
When the workers nil along 'he line
do this, it will bo tho capitalists'
turn to |ietition and pass resolutions,
The sooner all union men take intelligent Interest in politics from thc
labor standpoint the better for
thenim-lves and all concerned. All
hail to the Pernio miners. They are
on Ihe right line, and may the.v keep
everlastingly at it.
ami or nt Wonts Hum*
lUnion  Director
Whe* They Meet, Whert They y "
gejT-Hvrry Ubor Union tn ^7™™/^
xjltett lo place • card ar-drr thi, iL,, "J* » «
mouth.    Secrctarie* Die*** u, •' * i
Secretaries plraae •,„■,
:* ^r
Phc-erris Trades snd Ubor Co**.
Meet* every alternate U^*-
President. M. J. ami-,. VleeT"
dent, S. Lenleux, St-re-.*. !■*
Arms, T. B. Cosgrove a£%*
Treasurer, Webster Ko-rers "
Hox, 108, Phoenix. H  t
Upon the ro-clcction of John Ilurns
the apostate, which occurred at Hat-
tersea. London, on Jan. 16, he was
carried shoulder high through (he
s(reets by thousands of workingmen.
It is within the memory of residents
of Nanaimo, when Ilnlhh Smith, the
Vancouver Island cheap edition of
the same type, was drawn through
that city's streets by his admiring
dupes. But  they  do so no  more,
and the time is not distant when
Hums, like Smith, will find none so
poor in spirit or lacking in mankind as to do him reverence. Stealing the livery of Labor to serve tho
devil of capital in may bring lucre
or emolument, but these will be followed by ihe bitter curses of a be*
trayed cause. The "thirty pieces of
silver" no doubt looked good to
•Indus, but the betrayal of his master has been execrated by every decent  person since.
 o    •
When thc fortunes of politicul
warfare gave to the capitalists of
the North control of the federal
(lower, which had hitherto lieen held
by tho slave owners of the South,
2,700.OOO men from the North took
up arms and fought through one of
the most bloody wnrs of history to
secure to the Northern capitalists
tho full fruits of the victory'- This
happened before "Father Hagerty"
got wheels in his head, or (he I. W,
W.  wns born.
To convert a workingman to Socialism it is necessary tha( his creator shall have first endowed him
with a few grains of common sense.
That's all.
We the Socialist Party of Canada
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the intema-
(ional revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor Jt should Justly belong. To
the owners of the means of wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of tho means of wealth production: therefore all the products of
Ittlwr belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist is master, the worker
is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
in possession of the reins of government all the powers ot the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
Tho capitalist system gives to the
capitalist on ever-swollintr stream of
profits, and to tho worker an sver-
Increnslng measure of misery and
The interest of thc working class
lies in the direction of setting Itaclt
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wage system. To
accomplish thi* nsesssitatss tho
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production Into collective or working-class
property. ^
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist snd the
worker is rapidly culminating in a
struggle for possession nf the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
tho worker to secure It by political
action.   This is the class stru-ggle.
Therefore, we call upon aH workers to organ!'*' und.-r the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the objert of conquering the public
(lowers for the purf-oiw ot setting up
and enforcing the economic program
ot the working class, as /ollows:
1. The transformation us rapid! v
aa possible, of capitalist |*ropt*rty in
the means of wealth production I natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working ila-s.
2. Thorough and democratic organization mid iiianagerm-nt of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
as possible, of production for use
Instead of production for  profit.
The Socialist Party, when in oAVe
shall always and everywhere until
Ihe present system Is abolished,
make the answer to this question Its
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the Interests   of
Phoenix     Miners'   Union    No
W. F. M.    Meets   every s.,w<J
evening al  7-jto o'clock ,„ MiJ
hall.     V.  Ingram, president   y, .
Plckard, secretary. *
Socialist fclssj
.fee*" Every    Local   of  the Sodd*]
Psrty of Canada shou) i run * «.,
under this   bead,   fl im •<., Uiu(,t
Secretaries pleas* note
Headquarters, Vancouver, B,;
Dominion Executive ComaittM
A. It. Stebbings. John K DublaHsj
Ernest Burns. C. Peters, All l/-ii
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer. J. ai
Morgan, secretary, 561 iUruard su |
Vancouver. H. O.
of Canada. Business ntestlaa *»•
sry Mor.dsy evening *t |.Md(.uv.
lets. Ingle** le Block, Sly x.muM
Street, (room 1. second floor,) It
u.attooal meetings every Buastayti
8 o'clock p.m., in Bullivaa U*ii,
Cordova Street.
ft.   P. MILLS,  SeWtbjt,
Box 830.   Vaa>otr.sr   11.  C.
IXM.'AL TORONTO - Meet* 2ul «
and 4 th Tuesdays, Temj.ran.Ua4
Ha-hurst Bt. F. Dais, H«r*t«r/.
41 Henry street, W. Q OrtbaW,
orgsnlrcr, 130 Hogarth Ave,
WANTED by Chicago »b»le*jM
house, special reprsa-en'.euni fa-
each province ia Canada. a*.».>
920,00 aad expense* paid **as;-.
Expeass money aii-ea > : business successful; poailioi. t-triiiaa**-.
No ia vestment rsquirwj I'rrwes
experience not eaorauai to ttpt
lag.    Address
General Manager, U9 tak* St
Chicago,  111 , ISA-
The result of the English elections
so far indicate a writable IJberal-
Labor landslide. The sturdy British
workingman is lo lie commended for
his political sagacity, foresight, and
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
I r.DWsan Bisk. a. C. Bstdo-s-jacs.
gbo. B. McCaonas.
Tel. MB.
114 torus*. Strait
P.O. Boa M3.
I. C.
for the student and the writer,
as an authoritative reference book
for schools, teachers, families,
business and professional men,
there is one book which offers
superior advantages in the solid
value of its information, and the
ease with which it is obtained."
One's admiration for Webster's
InteiTiational Dictionary increases
daily as it comes to be better
known. It never refuses the inf or
motion sought and it never overwhelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
England, says: For the teacher, the pu
pil, tbe student and the litterateur, there
k nothing better; It covers eveiything.
Tee Ksw snd BsJarvei BdlMon recently a>
sued has «S00O new word* and phraao*. a one.
plStelf revised Blovrastucal Dictionary Md
Oasstteer of the World, am mem aad MM
Our name is on the title-pages of all tbe
authentic Sloticnarie* of ths Wtbiter aeries
"A Test la rrotnuseiaUon" which afford* «
pleasant and iastrueUv* evening'* entertain
n-oiit.   Illustrated pamphlet also free,   r*
0.0 C. M KUK1 AM CO., Pub*., BprlngiUld,
ACCOC.VTINO. S&O io »1*»|«
inoath salary assurtd our pains
te* under bond. You dun i ja- a
until you have a poeHioo Urpst
ayitrin of telegraph » heoui •* Ac-
fries. Indorsed by all r«rl«ajr*«-
IN I.1KXANI). Ladies. alM adsut*
ted. Writs for tatalug sa Mors
arkool of Telegraphy. I .nlamtB.
O.: Huflalo. N. V; A-I^i*, 0*-.
La Crosse. Wis.; Teiari.au*. IsaVi
Saa Iran*.»wo. Cal
the working claa* and aid the work-j    hchscHIHKHS TAKE NOTICE.
era in their class struggle against
capitalism? If it will, the Socialist
Party is for It.  if It  will not,  the
This  losiM-  ia No.  SM      !; th"  :*
,.,,.„.,      .    ,     , |lae number upon your *dir»*s alp-
Socialist Party is absolutely orspa*- youp au^HrKlos, espire* wttn  is*
"" to ,t' number.    If further ropie* are mat-
In accordance with this principle «d, renewal should be Bad* at est*
ths Socialist Par'y pledges Itself to]If cars Is taken to ran** before uw
conduct all ths public affairs placed >xplr«uoa of the old subscriptiona it
in Its hands In such a manner as to
promote the Interests of the working class alone.
hereby  apply for membership
in u>cal
 Socialist   Party  of
I recosjnlxe the claast -struggle
between Hi*, capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. «•., poaseaaion of the
relna of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the worker* Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties nf the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
t hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, nnd
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Koclallat Party
of Canada only.
Citizen :,,,
Admitted to l,oca! l|a-(,
will greatly simplify matters In Ul
office as well as avoid any tree* st
receipt of papers.
tit StSMl Later r»l-tf Is Ciusi
Always s fear!
a* r*\*>"" '
of labor.
For one dollar the paprr will be
•ent to any addreaa (or one j ear.
U'orkisgmen of all countnc will
toon recognize Ihe fact ttint the*
mn-4 support sad read theh :•■■"»
Issued every Friday
Tit VllCt ftUskhii C... LISlls*
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.70.
Miners 'Magazine
Published Wsskly try the
Wtrttrt rsjjtratrss II W"«» .
A Vlsroroes Advocate of Ubor*
Clear Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $i.00.       81a Month*, tat
Denver, Colorado.
.^waridothsji* who reall/e <■»' 'i'^-teJ
ty of having lheir Witrnt N*'"?"'<».£ L,
 . "•...   —Jssaryadvlee free,   i''"'PJ
_.J.. aavlsrr •■•"''.'1,7
by Bsperta.   .Prelim
ssoderai*. Otar
reqneat Marlon«.   , .
Moutreal; awl Washlii .-tun. •>•'-- l ''
-*nmisiarjra«vK» •■*•■;. uW-
Bl-sr m h c: < ic.rv* -
'■...-•K:-/,-*;,,^,-,:-,;-..-,;-,..* Ratnrday ... Janttary 20, J906.
.* ■*■ e-'a ass*
Socialist Party of Canada
J. G. MORGAN, Secretary,
Vancouver, B. C.
Vanrouver, B. C, Jan. 15.—Pres-
,.„t-Comrades Wilkinson, chairman;
HtooWngs, Parr, Flowers, Organizer
Kingsley and the Secretary.
The minutes of the previous meeting were road and adopted.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
From Fredericton, N. B. .xjcal en-
dosing $3.30 for stamps and monthly report. Received and complied
From 8. W. Welch, Red I .nice, Algeria, asking information pm to form
ing a local in that district. H.itiv.
ed and complied with.
From Toronto, int., '.oral wlc*-
ing tH.OO for due stamps and tri.bth-
ly report. Received nnl nl"[.itd
From Claiwmolm, Aim., i/ocal enclosing $3.00 for stamps ni.d n onth-
ly   i-i-i-ort.      Received   and    :.implied
Ml til.
From Dawson, Y. '•*, Ij*>h»;. . n-
< L.sing monthly report. Iluei-.-td
and filed.
From Montreal I/oral, enclosing
$1.75   for supplies,   uotttjatv] with.
From Winnipeg Local, enclosing
$2 (Ml for stamps. Received and
complied with.
A warrant was ordered drawn for
118.00 to Weatern Clarion for printing.
rii-rt-sholm   Local,   stamps f 3.00
Montreal   1/ucnl,   supplies    1.75
Toronto   IxKal.   stamp*    B.00
\Wrini|»*g  Loral,   stamps    2 <Ml
Fndericton   Local,   stamps  .... 3.30
Total   $13.05
Vancouver, B. C, Jan. lO.—1'ros-
ent, Comrades Wilkinson, (chairmanjr
.SteWsngs, Organirer Kingsley and
the Secretary.
The iniuutes of the Previous meeting were read and approved.
Credentials were received Iiom Local Vancouver, No. 1, from Comrades Stebbings, Wilkinson, Parr,
Flowers and Morgan, as members of
the new executive.
The new executive was then tea tod,
the former retiring.
Comrade Flowers was elect*d secretary,  and  Wilkinson,   treasurer.
The following communications were
dealt with:
From Kelowna, concerning paity
From Van Anda Local, enclosing
$4.00 for due stamps.
From Chilliwack Local enclosing
$1.00 for due stamps, also monthly
From Fernie Ixxal enclosing $4.00
for stamps and supplies.
From Peachland Locsd, enclosing
$3.45 for stamps and supplies.
From Revelstoke Local, enclosing
monthly report and $3.00 for due
From    Penticton,  re organization.
From Vancouver Local, enclosing
$5.25 for ntamps arid supplies, also
monthly report.
The  following  warrant  was  order-
id drawn:
To thc Western Clarion, for ad-
udvi-rtisiiig   2.00
Van  Anda  $ 4 00
Chilliwack   1 00
Fernie   4 00
P.-n'-hlund    3 45
Itovelstotae  f. 3 OO
Vancouver   5 25
Total   $20 '
Gladstone Local Union
NO. 2314.
FERNIE, B.C., Jan, ia, 1906.
Editor Wkstf.rn Clarion :
Dear Sir,—By direction of Gladstone
Union, No. 2314, U.M.W.A., I beg to send you copies of resolutions passed by said Local and to request you to publish
the same if you kindly will.    Yours truly.
THOS. BIGGS, Secretary.
Olndstone Local. No. 2.111, United Mine Workers of America, beg
respectfully to urge upon the l/egi-t-
latlve Assembly of thc Province of
itriti-th Columbia, thmigh the representative. Mr. W. It. Ross, M.P.P.,
that in no far as workingmen are
concerned that one of the few pa*-
t itnes enjoyed by them is a day o»
catnonally given to sport, and to
hinting and shooting.
That thc nature of the workman's
employment very much restricts his
privilege of indulging in recreation
and  sport.
That to deprive him of the right
to shoot and hunt on the only day
of the week when he is not engaged
in actual work, or to permit him
that i-ajo.v usent, hat at the expense
<>( paving a license therefore would
be seriously  unjust;
WHKHKFOHK. ws ask Mr. Ross
to oppose any legislation which may
forMd the workingman from so
shooting and hunting, or which if he
be privileged to do so would he tnib-
ktct to a license having to be paid
copy of  this resolution be sent     to
each member of the Legislative   Assembly of tho I'rovdsce.
e      •      •
WIIERBAH the eight-hour law as
now interpreted by Statute has for
a long time past been observed and
is now In operation In the extensive
mines of the Crow's Nest Pass Coal
AND WHEUEAS, as we believe,
'he operation ef the said law has.
at all times, necn agreeable to all
parties affected by it;
AND Wilt.It HAS the present relationship between our employers and
ourselves is harmonious and wo Invite a continuanco thereof;
AND WHEREAS A disruption of
industrial peace will follow any abrogation of the laws, especially that
of tho eight-hour law, now in favor
of the workingmaa;
that we respectfully instruct our
representative ia the Legislature,
Mr. W. R. Ross. M.P.P., to oppose
all legislation which may limit or
abrogate tho operation or application of what is commonly known as
the "Blght.hour law;"
ALSO to oppose any limitation of
the benefits enacted hi favor of thu
workman hy tho "Workmen's Compensation  Act,  1002;"
rd: that we nxfuest Mr. Ross to
support Mich legislative amendments
as may be introduced by way of extending the benefits of the lastly
inejiu-jtii-il act, and the extension of
its provisions to Dependents as defined by the imperial Statute;
ed: that a copy ot these resolutions
bo forwarded to each member ot the
legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia.
•     *     a
INSOMUCH as the monthly payment of wages in the coal mines of
British Columbia work* an injustice
by compelling workmen, working for
day's wages, to wait not less than
a month and a half, from the beginning of their work, until payment; '
AND INSOMUCH as tbe wages,
when so paid are less than the amount actually earned up to the date
of payment;
AND INSOMUCH as the interpretation sought to be put upoi the
law by sonic employers, excludes the
wage-earner, worsting for day's
wages, from recovering his wages
until the regular pay-day of his employer (the day being fixed by the
employer) so that where a man
quits or is discharged, he is compel 1-
sd to wait (often without means) un*i
til the i»y-day of his employer to
collect his wages;
AND INSOMUCH as wages ought
la any event, to be paid moro fre-
uuentiy than once a month to men
working by tho day, and in the opinion of this Ixx-al payment should
be mode once n  week.
by Gladstone local, No. 2314, U.
M. W. A , that we draw tho atten
tion of Mr. Ross, M.P.P. to those
matters and solicit his influence in
the legislature towards remedying
the said grievance and providing for
a weekly pay-day;
ed that wc urge upon Mr. Ross and
upon the Legislative Assembly of
the Province tho justice of providing
a law whereby mon discharged or
quitumg work, may ho able to recover their wages, where thoy have
been working by Iho dny, without
being compelled to wait tho convenience or arbitrary arrangement of
tho employer;
ed that a copy of these resolutions
be sent to each member of tho Legislature and bo published in the
The vote upon the municipal ownership plebiscite in Vancouver on
dan. 11, resulted In 1808 for, to
287 agalnit. This would indicate
that municipal ownership is becoming locally fashionable. In fact
anything in apt to become fashionable that in no manner threatens to
favorably affect the status of the
w*ge-earnlng class In present-day
Toronto, Jan. 12.—Twonty members of the Builders' Laborers' Union who were at worte on the new
Traders' Bank building, are on
strike because the employers refused
to discharge 20 non-union laborers.
—News Item.
That is tho way the "class struggle"  works    out    in tho "economic
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
By H. Siegfried.
Laborers are often advised to be
saving and industrious and they
surely will get rich. They are
taught that those who are not, are
ln some, way inferior. In conse-
-ttuence, most laborers have, early in
life, great hope in the future; but,
after many years of wage slavery, at
starvation wages, they come to the
conclusion that they lire one of the
inferiors, or that their luck had
been poor. We are told in capitalist papers, lectures and sermons that
we have a great country; that we all
have the same opportunity; that the
capitalist in only the better paid laborer and that the laborer of today is (he capitalist of to-morrow;
that there is really no basis for
class distinction. Hut if the workers would only study this matter
closely, they will see that there are
distinct classes in this as well as in
all other capitalist countries—a propertyless class—with nothing to lose
in the changes that must come by
the evolution of industry and a capitalist class, well satisfied with conditions as they exist today.
The latter have their money profitably invested, and to their class
the present system ,is a perfect paradise. All the change they desire is
more markets in which to dispose of
the surplus they steal from the
workers. Ttiey are the Drones in society; the leeches sucking the very
I iff«-blood out of nations. The
world over they never have and never will do i useful day's labor. But
they (the capitalists) do take four-
Afths of what the workers produce,
and have a  royal good time.
As all wealth ls produced , by the
working class, therefore it is the onh-
t-lass necessary in a well ordered society. We know that we arc the
strongest in numbers and nmst continually grow stronger as the middle-class is eliminated and that as
soon as we have learned to fight our
own battles, we shall be the ruling
ilass. When this time comes, the
working-class will assume control of
the induutri<*s, (by what method and
means we may leave safely in the
hands of those who will have to perform this task) and every' one will
be provided with work and will receive their socially due share. All
unproductive labor will be eliminated and economic classes will dissap-
Thc downfall of the middle-class is
only a <*icstion of a short time.
This will open thc eyes of a great
many workingmen to the true relations existing between himself and
his capitalist master. The present
class war must end In complete
emancipation or total subjugation
of the working-class. (I do not fear
the later condition.)
A great cry is raised at present
here, as well as in (hat great country ot the free on the other side,
for government ownership of railroads and other transportation facilities, but I cannot see that that
would have any effect on wages. So
far as I can sec, it is a wholly middle-class demand. The small ship-
I«rs of every description, who cannot compete with the big capitalist
in a fair field, are badly handicap-
l»-d if discriminated against by railroads and other transportation companies.
But do you think the former would
pay more for lal*or-power and be
willing that the railroad man should
be paid more if his freight rates
were reduced? If you think that the
small and independent operator
would pay more than the monopolist or the trust, just go next summer to the Northwest and work for
any small farmer, and I tell you he
will work you 16 hours a day. and
pay you as small a wage as you get
any place. I am not in favor of
capitalist-owned combinations or
trusts, but I would like to have
workingmen understand that their
labor-power is a commodity under
our present system—bought and sold
at its market price.
Some of the most despotic monarchies own railroads and other imbr
lie utilities; but the working class
ns a whole receive very little, or
hardly any benefit from it. Their
product goes to support snobbery,
and militarism, while the workers
live In poverty and ignorance with
political rights -urtail-.il, or none
at all. Hero the working class has
had full political rights as long as
thero has been a working class,
which, if used right, would have
been of great benefit to thorn: but
they did not understand it, or used
it for what was still worse—to fight
tho battles of their masters.
How diiierent, when compared with
tho class-conscious workers of Russia, who have no political rights at
all, when wo see them demanding not;
alone u voice in thc government ot
that country, but a government by
and for tho people, and before another yoor has rolled around they
will have full political control.
And now, as wc may soon have
another political campaign, and the
speakers of one of the old parties
will tell you what nice things they
arc going to do for you if elected j
how proud they aro to shake the
horny-hands of tho toilers; while the
other old party gladiators will tell
you that it is all bosh and lake—
that they arc only after your vote,
so that they'll be able to pocket tho
wholo country—but that his psrty
is tho real Messiah for tho working-
But if either of them should attempt to publish a record of what
they havo done for the working-class
they could easily dispense with all
printers. All they'd need would be
a rubber stamp with seven tetters
Are you not sick of these "Issues"
of the capitalists and their  hirelSiigs?
Aro   you   yet   matured   to a full-
fledged man, able to take the future
in your own hands?
If so,  thon join the    International
Army of Emancipation, "the Socialist Party of Canada."
521 Temple Street,
Los Angeles, Cal.
Dear Comrade,—Tho streets of Los
Angeles, after being closed to Socialist meetings for over a year, are
now open again. It is supposed that)
the authorities, learning that a desperate "fight to a finish" was about
to begin, decided to save themselves
a world of trouble, by gracefully
backing down.
They were undoubtedly well informed, for we had three stalwarts
in the city, whose fearlessness and
experience in fighting for free speech
are well known to the police of the
Pacific Coast. Arthur Morrow L.-w-
is, whose struggles with the po-.*-t-
of Portland, Seattle and Vancouver,
B.C., dsiring the .summer were an un-
broU-n string of victories. Lena
Morrow Lewis, who took a band in
the Portland struggle and fought
single-handed thc police of North
Yakima, Wash., and who sampled a
San Francisco jail when that fight
was on, and was never connected
with a defeat. And .). B. Osborne,
fresh from Uie struggle in Oakland,
where the victory was ours. With
this combination of fighters, and a
local tired of being discriminated
against in favor of the Salvation
Army and the "holy jumpers," the
sudden collapse of police opposition
has robibed the citizens of Los Angeles of a colli-i ion of trouble and
excitement, such as has rarely been
seen in any one city in thia country
since the civil war. For the next
few months, Arthur Morrow Ijewis
will hold street meetings every Saturday night on the corner of Market and Spring, from 7 to 9 o'clock,
and every Sunday afternoon on the
south side of the Plaza, from 2:30
to 5 o'clock.
Thc now hall we have secured. New
England Hall, 189 5th street, between Main and Spring, is twice the
sin* of the one we had previously.
For the four weeks ending Sunday,
Eel*. 4th., we are sure to pack it
solidly, as the speaker for those
four Sunday evenings will be Arthur Morrow Lewis. The evenings
here are very cold, and few people
will stand at a street meeting. Last
Saturday night Com. Lewis held his
first street meeting. About eighty
people who happened to be well
wrapped stood over an hour, and Ine-,
came so deeply interested that they
bought $10.20 worth of literature.
At Com. Lewis' street meeting in
San I'odro, Sunday afternoon, literature sales were $11.25.
Our Speakers' Committee is busy
arranging a meeting for Jan. 22nd,
in commemoration of "Bloody Sunday."
Comrade Mrs. Lewis is improving,
and expects to speak for us shortly.
The Socialist party and movement
is in a more flourishing condition
now than ever before.
"Common Sen9e" is installing its
own press this week, and is doing
considerable work. In fact the entire movement in Southern California is looking up and we hope the
Comrades Lewis will remain with
us as long as possible, and help to
ks«p thc pot a-boiling.
Yours fraternally.
Chairman Speakers' Com.
Wc Have Removed from Victoria
Fall And Winter
Stock. Mast be Sold
Before Spring Goods
Arrive  j&   j&   j&
Cheapest Bargains in the City
Give Us a Trial.   Fit Guarantee..
Charlie Dunn,
100 Hastings Street      &      j&      Vancouver, 6. C.
-  Out   {Victoria Advertisers -
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
Morris  Reclining  Chairs from 98.50
to $35.00
Ladies'  Fancy  Rockers,  from   $5.00
to $7.00
Sleepy   Hollow    Chairs,  from $5.50
to $12.00
Fan^v Odd Parlor Chairs, from $9.00
to $25.00
Sofa Cushions, $2.00,
Cushion Tops, 50c.
Phone 718.      100 Douglas St.
From $25.00 lp.
5 yearly snb. cards for $8.76.
Bundlos of 25 or more copies to
one address, for a period of three
months or more at the rata of one
cent per copy.
Patronize our advertisers.
60  YEARS'
TiwM Mama
Cos»VMGHT8 Ac.
Anyone MOdlnf • akcteh and aeeeripl Ion me*
cicVlT aeeariam oar opinH.o ft-e. wh.ik.r .a
tms vs.. w&v^x~™{"
mmalmam w\tsmsma*ts.tsQts
Scientific JMaKaM.
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
29  Johnson  St.,   Victoria,   B.C.
Delivered  to any part of tha city.   Ash
Driver   to   call.       1'bona   84*.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
Victoria General Agent for Tba
b A All La. TIMES
poet land oregonian
san francisco chronicle
ba> francisco examiner
los anuhles examiner
l08 angkleh times
chicago american
boston american
"      HERALD
"     NEWS
"      WORLD
Also handles San Francisco Sim-
day Bulletin and Call. Prompt and
regular daily delivery service* to
P.O. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
Mmtsctiiu il
; la. • Ctatrt SL
res -a.
71 SmriMit ttrttt, Victoria, I. C
All Descriptions of Ladies'
Gents' Garments Cleaned or Dyed,
and Pressed Equal to New. Dry
Cleaning a Specialty.
ehe Yatib St.    Viotori*. S.O.
United Hatters of Rorth America
Whea you ara buytag a FUR BAT ae* te It that
tha Qenaiae Uaioa Label ia esse* la It- II a retailer
haa loot* label, in aia pom—Iod aa* odes* to pat
one lo a hat for you, do not patronlie him. Laos*
label* ta retail stores ar* counUrfeita. Th* genuine
Uaioa Laaal ia perforata* o* four edges. exactly ta*
li— aa a postage stamp. Counterfeits are sons
tinea perforated cm three eage*. aad eome time* only
ea two. Jeha ■■ Stetaan Ce. ef Philadelphia I* a
noa-aaloa caaasra.       «-
JOHN A. MOrrrrr. PraaMejsii. Orange. H. J.
MATtTIN    LAWLOlt.    Secretary,    ll   W e»erly    Pie«"
There is no home too small to use Electric light. Every dwelling should use it—everybody should use lt.
The children—bless them!—they cannot upset the Electric Ugbt
and bum tho house down. They can do no harm whatever with
Electric Light. „
lt can be lighted or extinguished by a touch of the button. No
lamps to clean, no smell of   Coal OH. no disfigurement of walls.
When a small amount ot light is needed. 6 or 10 candle power lamps may be installed, thus reducing the total expense of llgBt-
ing b.v this method. _      ,   „ -..  A    .  ,
Call and see us in reference to installing Electric Light to take
the place of your Coal Oil. Lamps.
Let the Clarion print your
printing.   Tel. 824,   Box 836.
by buying this
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.
Hudson's Bay Compaay. Ageato
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Specially' Recommended
Sells all
Over the
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
msasajaaaaasm fotnt
— m •*j>'v*<'--
—jW   SI H'l ■
Saturday ...January 30.
■■ t -■«:,■
Edited by It. P. PETTIPIECE. to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed.
Contributors will please remember
that all "copy" for this department
should be in early to ensure publication the same week. Most of the
copy is prepared on Sunday night—
the editor having to work all night
the other six days of the week in order to earn a living and uphold the
dignity of labor. Kindly make a
mental note of this and send along
your "News and Views."
Protection spells P-R-O-F-I-T; not
* *   *
"If the workers don't hang together, they must hang separately."
Paste it in your hat.
Municipal ownership may reduce
taxes; but the wage-earners' wage ls
still determined by the condition of the
labor market—the number of men
looking for a job.
* •    ♦
It's about time the workers of Winnipeg took a tumble, and introduced
a sane line of political action, in keeping with the problems confronting
them. And there are others, too, that
could be whispered of.
* *   *
Vancouver Local held no meeting
last Sunday evening* No hall available at present, except the City Hall
and it comes high. Let's capture
the City Council next year, "and
lease it to ourselves free -rrdtis.
* *    *
A big batch of splendid Party news
will appear in next issue. Throughout
all Canada the movement seems to be
quickening as never before. Watch
for next issue, and in the meantime
send along "News and Views" from
your own locality.
* *    *
The wage of labor is not payment
for what the worker does. It is payment for his labor-power as a commodity in the market. Its magnitude is determined by the condition
of the market prevailing at the time
of sale.
* *   *
The dividends or profits upon investments represents the result of
the exploitation of labor left in the
hands of the exploiters after all the
expenses of exploitation have been
paid. Plus the expenses of exploitation it represents the price the
workers pay for their own enslavement.
* *   *
The class struggle is between the
class of economic masters and the
clasa of economic slaves; between
the capitalists and workingmen.
The former struggle to maintain
their mastery, the latter to destroy
it. The mastery of the former ls
maintained by the power of the
State. No further comment is necessary.
* *    *
There's not enough contributors to
this department yet. Surely all
Canada should warrint an enlnrsfe.
ment of the Clarion to eight paces
if tha Socialists did iheir dirty. Tho
press is a powerful agency for Socialism. Push it along. 'J ho publishers are doing thpir share- all in
their power, with <ho means at
hand. Send in just ONE solitary
new sub this month. 2,000 i-et.de.rs
now; it would mean 4,000 next
month.   Cumtux?
* *    *
The only difference between the
government and opposition at Victoria that has been made manifest
since the opening of the present session is a difference of opinion as to
their respective merits as custodians
of the provincial loaves and fishes.
The outs fancy they could perform
the custodian act better than the
ins, which of course the latter very
much doubt. Take it all around it
ia a very serious case of tweedle-dee
and tweedle-dtrm. You pay your
money and take your choice.
* *   *
What a cinch the gang of rulers
have! Money from the people pours
into them by the millions without
any effort on their part. The rich
own the government. They pass
such laws as they want. They own
tha industries. They dictate to the
people m every way. And the people work and struggle just as did
the Jews in their captivity in Egy-
ptr—for the pleasure and profit of
the rulers. History has no parallel
for existing conditions. Nowhere in
history had the work people a ballot when they were oppressed. This
ie the first time in the world's history when lhe people voted continually for a set of masters to rob
A young student was shot to
death in a fashionable St. Petersburg restaurant during the observance of New Year's ceremonies 'because he remained seated while the
orchestra played "Ood Save the Emperor." Two young women were
also wounded during the shooting.
The fashionable attendance present
during this interesting ceremony was,
according to the press dispatches,
largely made up of courtesans, diplomats and other shady characters.
It l> <ruite fitting that such characters as well as nincompoops in general, should insist upon still observing the ancient toadying customs of
medievalism. The murdered student
at least, showed the possession of a
commendable degree of manhood in
refusing to do to,
I am in receipt of an interesting
letter from a Victoria comrade, and
though marked "Private; unofficial,
unauthorized, unensored and unfit
for publication," I-feel justified in
referring to it in this department for
the benefit of those interested,
though I bate to waste time, energy
and space on such nonsensical bickerings when there's so much real
work to be done.
I must state that I am not a riem-
ber of the Executive Committee of
the S. P., and my remarks are by
no means official.
Tho constitution of the S. P. of C.
(.Article V. Sec. 1), reads: "A provincial convention shall bc held between August 15th and October 15th
of each year. A general vote shall
decide ns to thc place, but the provincial executive committee shall decide the date of the convention."
Accordingly, Sec, Morgan sent out
blank nomination forms for the
place of meeting, but owing apparently to indifference, few locals responded at all. and Vancouver local's
vote practically decided the issue.
The Provincial Executive Committee is elected "by a general vote of
the membership of the riding wherein is located the seat of the committee."
This committee, along with the
rest of the members of Vancouver
local, being aware of the inactivity
of B.C. Locals, and feeling there
were no paramount issues before
them, other than pressing forward
the work of agitation, education and
organization, considered it wiser to
postpone action until warranted in
calling, or they were asked by other
locals to take action.
This action may not have been
.technically "constitutional," 'but
was certainly practical in view of the"
party's depleted treasury- And certainly it would have been a ridiculous farce to have proceeded with a
"provincial" convention under such
circumstances, with probably two
delegates out of Vancouver.
At the end of 1905 Vancouver I-o-
cal (as would have been the case
anyway) elected the 1906 Executive,
reports of which have already appeared in the Clarion. And I presume they will direct the affairs of
the party until a convention can lie
held, I hope on time, this year.
I'm certain that when the comrades meet in session there will be
no grounds for complaint from reasonable men since they will under-
stuisu -he problem confronting an
Executive Committee at this stage
of the party's history.
Clause (a) Sec. 3. of the constitution says the duty of the Provincial Committee is: "To/carry out the
wishes of the party as expressed in
its platform, constitution, and by
general vote."
I sincerely believe the Committee
has done its part on every occasion.
Locals should learn the proper method of procedure to place their issues before the party, that is through'
their Executive. Never yet has a
party proposition been laid before
the Committee, but what has been
sent out and acted upon forthwith.
It may be true that in their endeavor to "carry out the wishes of the
party," some individual members
have been disappointed and dissatisfied with the Executive's action; but
the majority must rule.
The Executive Committee seems to
me to be doing the best it can. Nobody receives any salary, all moneys are accounted tor in published
reports; and what ls needed most,
is men willing and determined to do
something to spread the message of
industrial freedom, rather thnn vesting their energies "carrying the
point, even if there is no party left
to stick the point in" as my correspondent puts it.
To lead a local well-nigh to disruption over such trivial constitutional hair-splitting would be a disgrace to a kindergarten.
However, my Victoria friend sounds
the right note in his concluding paragraph:
"When we get down to business
again, our first business is to realize a few dollars to pay off our debt
as a local, and when we are free
again we will strive to do some propaganda work. This program will
mean that we will not make much
noise for a few months, possibly not)
this winter, though I hope to see
some public work done before thc
warm weather comes on. You can
perhaps, gather from tbe foregoing
that most of ua bare are willing I.
call past history past, and go on
with a new deal, and I trust that
the Executive will confine its energies at this period of tbe year to
organization and re-orgnnlzation, a
kittle later taking steps to get a
good convention together. • * "
*     a     •
I feel certain, too, that were Victoria Local to ai* tbe Executive
Committee to send over an organizer and speaker, the request would
be granted.
ever, scornfully repudiated. It reminds us, in an altogether too painful manner of Builer's reports from
South Africa.
I     CLARION QVEtmON  BOX.      |
o      ' . ■ o
Victoria, B.C.—I would advise you
to read The Clarion.   The information     sought,     is     published  every
month by Sec. Morgan.
H. R. S., Winnlpeg-Wour apology,
that-Is the "long green" part of it,
is accepted as eminently satisfactory.
Your "I regret to confess," is, how-
H. H. S. Fredericton, N.B.—Subs,
and money order received. Thanks
for same,     Send on matter.
Com. Sibble, the Clarion sub hustler has no equal in his line that
the writer knows of. Com. Walsh
goes some: Com. Wrigley was a
rustler from the ground up, and dozens of others assume that "every
little bit helps," but Harry Sibble
simply supplies his victim with a
sub. card, gets the money, mails it
to "pay the printer," and proceeds
to thc next locality. He is now
about due in the Boundary district,
and to avoid confusion and save
time the residents there had better
get their dollar ready for a year's
reading, pass it over to Com. Sibblo
on sight, look pleasant, and thus
assist in spreading the message of
freedom from poverty and the wage-
system of human slavery.
ing districts of tho city. »
suit of the poll was eminentlj,
isfactory, as tho Soddwts r«med
13 per cent, of the vote. Thi is an
excellent showing taking toto «*
sideration the fact that a ^clpal
and especially a school election does
not arouse much enthusiasm In the
ordinary voter, and that a un.n.c -
pal vote in this enlighten.*! ITO
vince hinges upon property or householders' qualifications. There were V
candidates for*>Srfiool troturs iu UH
field.     The vote was as follows
1 '.*41
Clllbb        ];4l
Uouean  '
Parr  -
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
1 would first add my commendation to the many you have received
respecting the merits of, and necessity for, your -new department,—
"News and Views." Whilst I have
been reading the Western Clarion for
some time past with great satisfaction, your columns no sooner appear-*
ed than I saw the need of them for
various reasons, chief of which is
the fact that lieing the only Socialist organ in the Dominion, which
now possess a national organization,,
thc Clarion should reflect as far as
possible, thc movement in Canada;
not only reflect, but stimulate it.
All this with such other features as
you seem inclined to include in your
department while making the paper
of more domestic interest, and consolidating Canadian Socialism will
not detract from its value as a propagandist sheet dealing effectively
with fundamentals, and current topic-*
wherever Knglish is spoken. As I
have good reason to know, it is a
long way from Cape Breton to Victoria, ami no easy task to weild a
well concerted movement in such a
big territory, but we must aim at It)
never forgetting that thc Dominion
is the supreme political unit. We
should henceforth be in a position
to • act in conscious co-operation
should a national rfuestion demand
That Winni|>eg is so late in reporting itself here is, of itself, enough
to raise the suspicion that Social Ism
in Winnipeg is not sharing on a pro
rata basis in the boom that has so
cheered the soul of capitalism during the last two or three years, and
in truth there is ground fcr the suspicion.
The political enthusiasm of the
working class in Winnipeg which resulted in twice returning a lalior
member to the Commons a few years
ago, has fallen almost to zero; so
low, in fact, that a proposal was rci
ccntly made in the Trades Council,
to jofn forces with one or other of
the old parties. This proposal was
made in good faith and is now under consideration.
That such a fate should befal a
movement based on compromise and
lacking in fundamental ideas will
not surprise Socialists anywhere. Hut'
it must be honestly confessed that
most of those now composing the
Socialist party, the writer included,
aided the movement of six years
ago to the liest of their ability, believing that it .united the workers
on the highest possible plane, and
that things would evolute forward
instead of backward. Of a truth,
things have evoluted. Winnipeg is
now a safe capitalist seat; Ralph
Smith is a safe capitalist politician
aad Winnipeg Socialists arc wiser
for their political experience and
may now ho safely trusted to be
content with Socialism for a platform, unadulterated with any byproduct    of capitalistic compromise.
For tho moment there is nothing
to effectively withstand the combined onslaughts of a boom prosperity,
and a political activity of the capitalist doss, whetted by victory over
labor; every elective position is in
their hands, municipal, provincial
and federal. But Socialism is by no
means dead in Winnipeg, nor even
sleeping. The nucleus of an efficient
organization is maintained, and conditions will soon furnish the opportunity It awaits. •>
In the meantime.Winnipeg affords
abundant material for sociological
study in every respect a confirmation of thc Socialist analysis of society; but to deal with this in any
way adequate would furnish copy
for another short chapter. My opin-
is    that    your   correspondents
should write briefly and often
wish for "News and Views," and ow
ery department of the "Clarion"
At the Municipal elections held In
Vancouver on Jan. 11, 1»06, tho Socialists ran four candidates for
School Trustees—Burns, Wilkinson,
Parr and Oodin.' The campaign work
consisted entirely of the distribution
of 6,000 manifestos, a copy 0f which
was published In No. 854, of tho
Western Clarion, and the holding of
two or three meetings in the outly
] (Wl
V 84
27 0
We hav* two catei (lOO pounds) of Brt.
vier Typo, 8 .point, almost now, cost 52
<fts a pound a year atfoi will sell at
25cts a lb.    Following is a sample 0/ tho Type 1
Enclosed find my report for December. We have now got our organization on a £"«<■ footing, with perhaps as enthusiastic and able a band
of workers ns you will find anywhere. I might nlso say that there
ate a goodly number of people here
who heartily sympathize wiUi us,
but who aro not class-conscious enough ns yet to Join us. Other sympathisers dare not join us. but those
help along the movement, ami as the
moveinent is educational we shall
welcome those to our meetings ami
try not to antagonize them where it
docs not conflict with the principles
of the Socialist I'arty to refrain
from doing so.
Two ilecorators who are memt-ers
of our party have painted the Socialist flag upon the readinr room
window, two more contributed a table, another lamps and stove; another chairs, besides comrades contribute literature. Some of the
comradea have the reading-room open every available evening, and any
visiting comrades will t>c given the
glad hand.
Under separate cover 1 send you
the holiday number of the Chilliwack
Progress, containing an article b.v
Dr. Curry, who is an enthusiastic
worker, and as a writer a man
whom any load might be proud of
There is also in it. a notice of the
fact that (King)? McBride bas giv-
«*n his menials whs are in Chilliwack
a Xmas gift of a school-house. How
condescendingly   benevolent   of    him'
Dr. Curry has lieen corresponding
with Com. Hawthornthwaite with u
view of getting him here in a short
time to give us a lecture to shake
up the dry bones. I hope he succeeds, for it is just what wc need.
Wishing you and the movement a
prost-erous year I am yours for lhe
Hartford, Conn,, Jan. lo.—A certificate
of incorporation ol the Gaxsca & Pacific
Railway Com pany of Hart ford, ha* been
filed with the secretary of state. Tbe
authorised capital stock of the company
is 140,000000- The** figure* exceed
those of any other company which ha*
filed *uch a certificate with the aecrelary
Western Clarion,
Box ©36. VANCOUVER. B. C.
REVELSTOKE, fl. C, Jan. 12-
When the work*.-™ moke a move in
their class interest, immediately n
change Is noticed In the political
world of capital. The timid bird of
prey takes on a hue of civic virtue,
or in some other way indicates a
change of heart. The ftevelstoto
Herald and Railwayxiicn's .Journal,
Conservative, nnd the Kootenay
Mail. Liberal, have consolidated into
the Mail-Herald. Thc first issue announces that, thc community Is too
small for two papers. These papers
had flourished, apparently, for years
when the community was one-third
its present si/jo. Another reason for
their failure is, therefore, in order,
and will be found In the lack of
working-class support, of the "two
great political parties." Capitalist
interests will see that the press Is
supported Just so long as it con assist the politicians in keeping the
wage-workers in line, failing which,
the game is up. The new paper puts
it thus: "The newspaper is not tho
political engine anyhow it. was In
days gone by." It will be politically fodepentjent, which moons that the
sham political differences are out of
order when a renl opponent comes
into the field.
A working class parly has always
and everywhere created om; capitalist opponent. We need not take the
Statement seriously "that it will lie
the mouth of neither side, but will
endeavor to tak»> as its guiding
star the best Interest of the public
and thnt alone." .', paper representing commercial interests cannot also represent labor's Interests, lhe
two are antagonistic.
A concern in business secures the
machinery of production; but if it
stops here it can produce nothing.
The essential thing remains to be
purchased, nnd that is living labor-
power, which is bought at its value
in a competitive labor market. Thir.
is always less than lho value labor
produces, hence it is tho only, source
of profit.
The Mnil-Hernld's claim means
only the interest of capitalist proper
tv-owncrs, or those who hire labor
and when it goes into convulsions
over tho fronzfod financiers back
Bast, we ran know of course that it
is nil for the workingman's interests
and should bo duly grateful.
With such a "good" journal, nnd
a $25,000 Y.M.C.A. building so that
the poor "wtirriktn mon" can keep
ont of the »nloon, tho lion and tho
lamb should Ho down together ln
peace—nit, XX.
States comrade here, I drove 14
miles through tho snow, and about
io aboVs aero, to go to the saappnrt
of Com- Hill. Haiing beea selected
to answer (-u--stlnns, 1 was much in-
UTi-sU-il to note the intercut arouM.I
and the number ..f questions   a«k«d.
It augurs well for lhe Socialist fii"-..*
tnenl In this neck .- the woods.
Right here,   I   want   lo  urg*.-   every
unattached Socialist w fill out the
application blank printed el-a-uh'-re
in The Clarion and mail it at once
to the Dominion   Secretary    (photo
address will also In- found in Th«-
( lafion.l
This will serve a doable purpose.
Kirst it will help BdUOM out to th*;
extent of STOUT monthly du«-s Sec-*
ond, your name with other*, will
servo as a nucleus in forming new
locals in unorganized districts,
Negligee Shirts
Net Tm Early to leek
tusclusive pattern* ara now
stuns of the choice ones win t»- mM
a-aily. and some uf the cita* at
cannot duplicate. U yew ar-c-rw-tet-
unumial styles It will tai*a*»i ,«■*• le
row* promptly.
Ffatiron Hats
Tht Sstttttt Mt ill tl St Stun
Iiy Chas. F. I/owrlo.
CLARESHOLM, Alta., .Ian. 12.—
A Literary Society, holding meetings in a county school, nine miles
east of here, decided recently to have
a debate on thc subject of Socialism. Some difficulty was experienced In locating anyone to defend tho
affirmative side, but Com. Hill, of
that community was finally landed,
and If I'm not mistaken, he will bo
hoard from later, whon he more
thoroughly grasps lhe full meaning
and extent of the clasa struggle. At
tbe urgent request of an old United
In support of his contention that
"liipi.ir     is    labor's     wor*-t   •HMJUiy,"
Jejmea Trethewsry,    ariling   to    the
"World"   of   this   rit>,   submits    the
"If eight laboring  n siatul |800
for furniture, hardware and clothing,
cotton,  Wonted ami  woollen    goods,
and   men's   finrniahlng   goods, they j
contribute $117.1.1  to labor,  and at j
the saim.'  time  bring  vuJuable     tap*
[Jii-s    to     their    own  families,   thev j
stemulate bueinees and add  to    the j
demand for labor.     If Uie gMOO    in |
spout  in  Ihe  saloon only  til H-l  goes
for    lal-or,     the     families   are  made
Wretched,     and    the  men   ttuin.seIves
are made nurso phyiucally,  financially  ami morally;   their jobs  urn     un
periled,  und   they  have   «n-U.<J   lheir
li tho amounts lOBtributsd to labor in ibe two ca-a-a ctuwl be correct, with no desire to belittle the
owl effects qI undue indulges**) »n liquor, we would i>eg mam* to tnotitni
to whom or what is tho balance of
the 1800 contributed? A* it i* a
well known fact that nothing but
labor is involved in tho production
of either liquor or the other articlea
mentioned, it would seem that the
sum of 97vo.l6 in the case of the
former or $052.57 in tbe case of the
latter are rather largo sums to bo
contributed without profar Justification*
— o ■
Five Clarion Bub. cards—$3.75.
Those Hats have been *i ti..«ia*u-
■ ally received by young mm fron
the very first day *e brovigat Umb
out. Neither trouble nor expee**
has bee« saved la tbe produriiea of
thewe good*, as you will <itrerrtu\:J
me know ledge  upon eaamlnatlos.
Nt Cetdmtbtef
In .Saxony tht! si I nation becomes
more and moro revolutionary. Tho
Dresden police fell in the most wan.
ton manner on a crowd, who had
more or loss unconsciously, more
from the habits forimd by military
discipline than from intention* formed u in-ocesslon. Suddenly, without
warning, mounted police with drawn
sifords charged this crowd, tramp
ling on them and rutting them down
with their swords. Tho feeling
among tho proletariat is ir-def-crih-
ably bitter, and these are iloteniijn-
ed to ronipior tho suffrage. Meetings havo Ix'-n forbidden all over
Saxony, in Uip7jK wi olacwhero.
mere Is no doubt tho Saxony workers are now on their trail; they
have to show now what thev arc capable of. The eyes of tho proletariat of other lands nre upon them.
e   •   e
It cannot but be interesting to
hear what so shrewd an observer «*
rrederick Engels thought of as the
probable effects of a Ruasian revolution. In tho year lHfla, in conversation  with   a well-known     Rus-
«m IWW Bapm*U> I-oiwUn. ho
said that Ri,s«in was the Fn-nch Em-I
!! !"-L , .Pnm'nt ****** t"** her
ipso would call rorth a now combination     of     tho  European   States,
other^countries n decided blow which
would load to vast domestic changes'
nreLn Ut " m"H, tap0»t«.E ho expressed » doubt if Germany would
venture to send troops to tho aid of
tho Russian despotism;  but,  if .»Vv
u^/.m80 .In".ch the bot,,,r' « ""it
IZ h ,Jmp,y ,httt ,h0 revolution
would bo so much tho more thorough
This Is interesting, ns It Shows how
coolly Kngols regarded
»«M>t»»»»M«MM tttttM
j BURNS & CO. 1
*       NAM*ARC and       {
1 Second Hand Oealer:
• ook     Stove*
Sp» tally.
Wo buy and
- top   metal.
aid   Tools   »
sell all   fc.ii- i- of
Old     u..i I. I-- ■;.
s«u-ka,   bottles,  etc.
fttoreo- IM Cordova St., F..
hardware A Jonb. 101 PowsH
Ht., now and noond-haad fur-
fmaaa tITf VlMNYtr, • i.
*********+****9f ••••••
—s. w. tootm
We also carry a full line of Furniture, oa easy payment*, at pric**
that cannot be duplicated. Kindly
inspect our stock.
C* Wataiiattr Aft ••* larHi Stntt
Practical InI
that Raltr
Hand Matte •**>-* aad Shurs tn urxUr I.
all etylce.    Mrpalnn* *.rea*-.>U- «u<J ar.l-
l)r done.     Stock   of -rt.tile   rra.lt-ai.de
Shoe, attr.r. oa hand
tmtfsabtaatattst      »«est fluuel
Telephone 23»1.
Sanitary Experts,    numbing In   •-'
Its branches.       Kstlmatee furnish*!.
Repairs, stove connections, etc.
the     wholo
Donation of the revolution, anrt how
little illusion ho had himself as to
to the stagos aUch a revolution must
X? _^r°"?h' lhtm aro ««>t the
thoughts of one who think* that Socialism could be achle^-d at one
blow.-J.n.A., in Justice.
HIiisTle copies, f cents; «
copies, 2S cents; IB copies, »°
cents; <0 copies, 11.00; 100
copies and over, 2 cents per
These rtitea Include po*UsT«'
to any part of Canada ot the
l'lilted Kingdom.
"The Weatorn Olarion"
?Mt» MM M'H


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