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The Western Clarion Nov 17, 1906

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 '11' i.i >
<**.!*«-» v¥
in the Interests of the Working Class Al
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, November 17, 1
Some Reasons why the Lumber Jack Accumulates Much
Wealth and is Therefore not Readily Susceptible to the
Revolutionary Doctrine of the Proletarian Army.
Camp 6, Chemainus, B. C, Nov. 2. j potiurc ami want for all society cares.
Dear Comrade:    During thc retenhj I'coplc find it profitable to deal    in
iiklcment weathr*t.I ha-***, had arjMileJ; worn-out machinery apd aged horses,
line iut  lU'kaivil   "K,>PBi Laitt^ctt !'ut a worn-out  woi*kcr is cf no use
'xfbne^^^dHlMiblorbSgl RlfWtf, ".'i1 lo anybodv. and he i. practically told
,«nt time in this province, viz., their Ton loggers know that what 1
ttitudc of members of our class tii'jhave written is true. You know that
respect to socialism. Owing to the ! vv'i-lc you arc risking life and limb
„r*;i»tfnt rumor's of a pfovinciateleVSm producing material fer the shelter
turn 111 thc near future, any contnbu-■)"• society, you live in miserable
1 on however slight, may be of inter- shacks, deyokl of comfort and every
r,t to readers of thc Clarion, which ,! convenience. You know that it mat-
bears 'in this tubject, and this must j I**'**-* "ot how good a man you have
rve as my apology for inflicting this   «'<•<*"  at  vour work, or  hew  faithful
a. servant you have been, when you
tire hurt in tV performance of your
work, your wages stop, and your master ceases to have any further interest in you. In his sight you are
merely a disabled piece of machinery,
as such to be cast aside and replaced
by a new piece. You know that after a lifetime spent in usefnl labor]
W.hcn the time comes when you can no
longer, work f<>r your .living, society
will refuse- to grant you any recognition of your services, nnd you will
have to eke out your last days the
best way you can,
New. art- you satisfied with this
condition of affairs, with this outlook? Do you think i* a right apd
just system of society, that provides
for the c|ass that produces the food,
clothing and shelter, in fact does all
the necessary work of society, only
the barest modicum of those n;cessi-
tics? You do not think it right or
just, you are net satisfied. Very
well, let us sec how this condition of
affairs ear*  bc remedied.
Tin* fundamental motive, the mainspring, of thc production cf wealth in
m reed  upuu your  unoffending  read
The particular portion of the work-
inn class amongst- whom. my. lot itv at
present cast; the loggers, arc, to toy
the least, not very encouraging to
handle, as a body. As a class, they
are line fellows to work with, man-
lv. honest and with a contempt for
any kind of meanness and servility.
While thc work it hard, it is healthy,
and well paid, is* wc reckon wages,
and the board it fairly good. (It
. iighl to be; we pay $5 a week for it
alone). Men are not driven to over-
c x. rt themselves to produce greater
profitt, all that is expected from the
worker being, that he does a "fair
thing" in return for his wage. In
the near future I believe that whnt
the bosses will consider to be a fair
uong will have grown to* an extent
ut of all proportion to the present
• undard, and in that time things wili
b coming our way irom thc woods.
tide of immigration is setting
steadily westward, and when it start*
wing down this tide of the K.-ck-
i *.   increasing  thc  competition     for
jobs, lowering the wages and there- Ithe present system of society is
hj the standard of living, our move- profit All the means for the. promt nt will grow amongst the loggers, jdnction add distribution of wealth, the
V. present they believe they sre -get-j mines, nulls, factories, land and waling all that i» comiug to them, antl j ter transportation, etc, are the proper-
„-e content with their lot.    Being out j ty of the capitalist class.    All these
touch with the centres of pbpuls- I v."tings have lieen created socially, are
ti n. their ideas of socialism arc ] used socially, and arc needed sodsl-
mainly those prevalent a decade ag... Iiy. but si. tongas the owners ol these
dividht*" up'*' rack**!, and they e-v--)
tract huge luu out of the terrible pets
ue will get into when wc start to run
While this is true of them    a-    .1
ass, there arc a good many exeep-
•ns, :i*. there arc to cverv riiie. Some
oi   them  adm t   that  tbey arc  *1k>(
l\   intent   with thc  rontine  of
'In   a v c uge li igg er 'j.. 11 k- *---luu d  *' •* k
I'.r some months to get a big cheque,
'    In- dissipated on cards, whisky, an I
women,  thc   process  tc   bc   repeated
ad nauseam.    These exception*   are
the best material to work on to form
socialists,    There are many things lo
which  their attention can  be  drawn
with  good   effect    that    would    bc
laughed to scorn by the   happy-go-
fcy   crowd.      For  instance,  in  this
camp they deduct $1  a mr-ntb from
. \.    _...'-    .....    t -JV-    .1 «»... Tl...
each mans pay for the doctor. The
doctor lives some 12 rtiwes away
from camp and never comes unless Iris sent for. There are no first aid
appliances in camp that 1 have over
seen or heard of, and I doubt if there
- a single man who would know how
to use them if there were. In the
event of anyene getting seriously
hurt (by no meant an uncommon occurrence in thc woous). he runs the
risk of bleeding to death or lying in
agonv for houtt before hc can get
"killed attention. If our comrades
"i the house can force a bill through
making it compulsory for the com-
pan es to provide a first aid outfit in
every camp, with a skilled attendant,
as th.-y have done lor the miner*.,
many a worker's life would be saved,
thai would otherwise be lost and much
suffering avoided.
I he less said about the housing ac-
'■ Humiliation the better. The shacks
"1 built of the cheapest lumber, full
ot knot-holes and open eraeKs, which
ire stuffed with old overalls, sacking.
1 it , loosely fitting windows and
doors; which let in wind and rain, and
.1 or 4 bunks built.of rottgff. unplshed
lumber, with an armful of hay. for
'he slave to spread his blankets on.
Any mattresses in the camp hs,vtj
been In.tight and paid for by thc men
Coal oil is free nnd lamps are provided, lt is a common practice, to paper
lhe thjn walls with, old newspapers 60
keep out the draughts. Holes in the
Hoot have to be patched with .any
s*raps that are laying around. No
•natcriaj it kept lor repairs. Stoves
of the .cheapest kind arc provided, but
•Ih- men have to cut firewood in their
"wn time.
On thc whole, |he wage slave in the.
woods is the recipient oi as much
-arc and attention as elsewhere, and
that is a good deal less than is bestowed upon his master's horses .ntid
nutopipbile. Hc it an animated commodity on two legs, compelled to peddle his labor, power for what lie can
Bel for it in an open market. Having,
found, a purchaser, he has to deliver
the goods, in bad weather or fine.. If
he is crippled with rheumatism before
■'is time, or. injured jn, such a man-,
ner, as ito incapacitate .him for ;hard
'Vl>rk, he is thrown on thc social scrap
heap, to eke out his existence the
hent way he .can. Notwithstanding
•he fact that he has spent his life 111
1'reducing shelter for the health and
comfort of society, nnd the profit of
his capitalist master, hc can die of ex-
toctai necessities, thc capitalist class,
.•wn nn.) control them, they will . be
ued with a single eye to the owner's
interest, his profit. No matter how
much a portiim 61 society is in want
c-i.any necessity..t|iat want .will re-;
nxai;i un supplied until Tt is seen that
priiii.ctitt be gained by supplying it.
So '..ng as the capitalist finds he can
muke good profits from the operation
of his capital—his prripcrty in the tha-,
clcnery of '. wealth production—we
kavc what thc capitalist press tells
es arc "gitod times.", When his profits begin to dwindle, as , they do
pcriodieallv, we have stagnation in
production, "business depression," an
unemployed problem, "hard times."
"Good times" ior us resolves itself into hard work and plenty of it, 3 meals
a day and a bed at night. (In 9 cases
oat of to a hired bed, not our own).
"Had times'' for us means fierce competition for thc chance to work, enforced idleness, steppage of credit, a
meal when we can get. it. and perhaps, a bed at a S, A, shelter,: Possessing nothing but our aiblity to
work with brain or muscle, our labor
power, wc have to apply to the owners of the machinery of production,
the capitalists, to get access to the
means by which wc can obtain food,
clothing and shelter, and that of the
cheapest and most inferior kind. If
t.nic* arc bad we consider ourselves
lucky if wc get there, or in other
words, if we get .1 job. Suppose wc
arc lucky enough tp get thc job we
arc after. Wc get paid a wage for
what' Is it the equivalent of the
wealth we arc producing? Not on
ife.     It  is the market price of
our iabor power. You have,
of the cattle, corn and wheat markets, and all the rest, of the commodity markets. That is exactly
where we are and what we arc, under the rule of capital, commodities
in an open competitive market and the
price (wages) of our comniodity( our
labor power, our very selves) is based
like that of all other commodities, upon the ci st of its production, subject
tb the same law of supply and demand. What is the cost of production of our labor power ls it not
the cost of our existence from day
to day? What it costs ,tp feed,
cl. the and.shelter it"*, so that we may
have thc physical ability to deliver
the goods? Thaji is the standard upon which our wages arc based, the
price of our commodity. ...
Thc law of suppliy and demand also
effects us. The capitalist buyer of
commodities, whether it be cattle,
t-orn or cotton, first ascertains the
condition of the market, before he
makes * deal. If there is a. scarcity
Of the particular.brand of goods.he
is after, be pays an enhanced price
for it and vice versa. It is .exactly
the saipc to hitti when he buvs labor
power (in other words, you and I) as
when he buys cattle. M he ascertains that there is | scarcity of labor
power of laborers, tin the market he
knows hc will h«ve to,pay something
in excess of the cost of existence of
the laborer, S« wages. If the abor
market is overcrowded with men looking for jobs, the supply being in ex-,
cess of the.demand, the price (our
wages) of labor power, automatically
drops down to thc cost of existence,
the.cost of production, of the individual laborers. If the competition
amongst the laborers is fierce, the
price will even drop below the cost
of existence and workers die of slew
starvation. That is no concern of
the capitalist. He it in the butiness
for profit, and sentiment has no commercial value;
Such, crudelv stated, are the relative positions of capitalist and wage-
workers, master and slave. Owning
the means of life, the capitalist class
have a dead cjnch on us, who own
npthin«- but our labor power. Notwithstanding the fact that we, at a
(lass, produce, transport and distribute the wealth of the world, all we
receive of that wealth it only sufficient
to enable us to keep on working, year
in and year out. The capitalist class
takes all the surplus as profit, to bc
used afresh to enslave us and exploit
our labor. It is a fine scheme, but
a dirty trick.
What do you think of it? Does it
make you feel proud of "your" country, does it make your" pulse beat
high with patriotism when the capitalist press and politicians dilate on
"our" prosperity as a nation, "our" imports and exports? Do you fell proud
when the band plays "Britons Never,
Never, Shall be Slaves!" or "Hail Columbia?" The power to alter all this
lies in the hands of the working class,
you and 1. The capitalist class maintain their ascendancy over ut only by
our consent. By voting for capitalist
candidates at elections, the working-
class have set the seal of their approval on their own robbery and exploitation, unconsciously and in ignorance it is true, but none the less effectively. The capitalist class have
ssed the political power given them
by the workers to strengthen and fortify them intheir economic power over
you and I, to make their scheme of
Jobbery legal. Scan the measures
passed by any legislative assembly in
thc civilized world and what do we
l;nd? Legislation -in the interest of
the master class all the time. Thc
few measures that are passed in the
immediate interest Of the working
class, are in most cases rendered futile
to thc workers Sod harmless to capitalists by the Capitalist courts. They
not Only own the machinery for making laws, but they also own the machinery for enforcing the laws they
make—judiciary, police, militia. The
secret of their domination lies in their
possession of the reins of government
and in that direction must we move to
the attack. It is their one vulnerable
spot, the' Weakest link in the chain
that binds us, and well they know it.
They will stand for strikes, "labor"
parties that merely stand for casing
tbe burden' without aiming to threw
it off, and will grant a few palliatives
in'the hone lhat we;wifl be satisfied
and keep quiet while they! continue to
go through our pockets, but the one
thing' that fills them'with alarm and
arouses them-.to fierce and savage resistance is a political movement ' on
the.part of the workers to seize and'
held thc wealth they'produce. That
spells extinction for them as an ex
ploiting class and means that they will
have to turn to and earn their own living, and they don't like that at all.
So, then, a political organization pf
the wealth producers, conscious that
their interests as a class and as individuals lies in capturing the political power of the state, with the object of seizing the machinery of production in the name of society, and ensuring to every one the full product
of his or her labor, is the one weapon
that can be used by the working class
with irresistible eftect. As the ruling class have made their scheme of
robbery legal, so can we make it illegal. By the same process by which
they have been enabled to seize the
Croduct of the machinery they own,
ut do not use, we can seize it, we
who use. the machine, but do not own
The political organization with this
end in view is in existence. It is the
International Revolutionary Socialist
Party. It is international because the
workers of every clime, color and nation, are rapidly becoming conscious
that their interests are identical. It is
"revolutionary" because it aims at a
peaceful, but complete reversal of the
present system of wealth distribution.
Today the idlers, parasites, and most
utterly useless portion of society,
"who toil not neither do they spin,"
enjoy the results of the toil and
sweat and misery of the vast majority.
It is a "Socialist" party because it declares that all those things that are
socially heeded and socially used shall
be owned socially, and not by a small,
privileged cSss. It seeks to establish
a Co-operative Commonwealth in
which every man and woman would
be ensured the full equivalent of his
or her labor. Under such a Commonwealth enforced idleness of able
and fit producers will disappear, and
with it all the miseries and horrors
due to the capitalist system of production. For the first time in the
history of the race humanity will be
Do not dismiss this with the con-
temptious phrase of the ignorantly
prejudiced: "Dreams, Utopian." It
is not a dreamers' Utopia. It is a
practical business proposition, and
must be handled as such. Give us a
fair show. Attend our propaganda
meetings, buy our literature, read, and
above all, THINK! When ycu have
arrived so far we will be satisfied. We
have you. You will then line up
with the Socialists the wide world over
and consciously-.march .forward..with
us to the attainment cf our common
■goal—the abolition of wage-slavery
and the'dawn of freedom The goal
is alreadv in sight. All over the world,
from conservative England to virile
japan; tbe workers are shaking off
their lethargy and demanding their
Own.  I Will YOU hang in the rear?
Ir Will Vou throw' in your let witb
lose who are fighting YOUR  bat-
e?    .
Line up with us! Join the Socialist. Party and help w'th vote, voice,
pen and cash.
' Yours for the Revolution,
mm me?
M .    '.      - -
Does thc Trend of Thought, as Lqrcs^ by Nun>tts^
Writers and Speakers Presage the Approach of a
More Rational Existence for Human Kind?
As a Slaughtering Machine the Modern Railway Throws
Packmgtown's Equipment Into the Shade and Makes
the Isi-qrfements'of Warfare Look like Thirty Cents,
From the reports made by the
railways of the United States to the
Interstate Commerced Commission, it.
appears that 3361 employees were
killed and 66,697 injured, during the
year ending June 30, 1905. The number of passengers killed during the
same period was SJ7, and the number
injured 10,457.
No one can fullv realize the ever
constant danger to life and limb that
surrounds the wage-slave in the service of thc modern railway, unless, he
has lived the life and. confronted the
dangers himself. To move the enor-
mouse bulk of freight, and convey
the millions of people from one point
to another, requires the services of a
multitude of men. the very nature of
whose task, none too safe under any
conceivable circumstances, is rendered doubly dangerous, because of the
exacting demand for speed and dispatch resulting, from the stress and
pressure incident tq capitalist production and the disposition of its products. Not only is production itself
speeded up to. the utmost possible
limit, in order to wring from the toil
of slaves, the maximum of surplus
value or profit, but tbe disposal of
this surplus can only be,effected or
realized Mppn, by. the adoption of similar conditions in regard to its distribution throughout the various parts of
the earth where the needs of the capitalist market may determine. Millions: of tons of raw materials and
finished merchandise must be hurried to and from the factories and distributive points, in order; to 'appease
the; demands, of the modern Moloch of
business, demands that must be met
no matter what, the. cost in human
life. There is no. time to be wasted
in precautionary measures. There is
no ti»ii< to he lost in providing safeguards to life and limb, Things must
mpye with the, speed, of lightning no
matter if every tie in the track be
stained, with human blood, and thc
crippled,, snd maimed, the widow and
the orphan be made as numerous as
the sands upon thc sea shore in consequence.     The   demands   of   busi
ness must be complied with; pro-
dence and caution, and all reasonable
consideration for the protection of the
life and limb of the human cogs in
the.machinery, must be thrown to the
winds in order that the stream , of
profit may flow at full tide and with
the least possible interruption into
the eyer-hungry maw cf the masters
of industry, commerce and finance.
The terrific speed at'which passenger trains are driven not only strain
to the point of danger the service
equipment used, but break down and
destroy all sense of prudence and cau.
tion upon the part of employees, It
it a well known fact that railway employees, as a rule, become in time so
accustomed to the dangers incident
to their employment that they arc absolutely indifferent to the risks taken and will often assume the most
hazardous chances without apparent
thought of the consequences.
The persistent demand for high
speed service comes almost exclusively from the business world. No sane
person, travelling , for pleasure, derives any additional satisfaction from
being hurled through space at a rate
of speed tbat ordinary reason tells him
.is.hazardous in the extreme. But let
his travels bc impelled by the exigencies of business, like the railway employee who becomes indifferent to
danger because of his continuous
proximity to it, all sense of caution is
jost, prudence takes wings and nothing short of the speed of lightning
will quite satisfy his demands. That
a profitable business deal may be
brought to a successful conclusion;
that a rival may bc outwitted or an
additional customer gained, the
strength of 9teel and the power of
steam must bc taxed to thc limit,
:and human judgment to thc breaking po'nt. ■ i , ,
, The railways of the United States,
as elsewhere, function as capital. They
are owned by one set of men and
Operated by another jjet. The former
take no part in their operation. The
(Continued on page three.)
One can scarce follow the literature of today without becoming conscious of the fact that a far-reaching
and radical revolution of thought is
occurring in the minds of tbe world's
students, thinkers and workers. Old
•deals are1, being forgotten. L,>ng
cherished conceptions are fading
away. New ideals and new conceptions are finding lodgment in human
brain, and the best moral and intellectual fibre of the race »is rapidly
becoming attuned to the realization
of those hopes and aspirations that
have been the theme of the poets'
song and the sages' soliloquy since
the slave was first shackled and a
vulgar and .brutal civilization -coined
from his hlood and sweat. The new.
ly quickened : hopes and aspirations
thai are now spurring men to action
lead beyond the narrow confines of
the present day sordid and mercenary
civilization that cannot 'rise above
the level of "exploiting slaves and wallowing in the plunder. In the fierce
fires of. class war thc vision of man
is being clarified and he is being impelled in the direction leading to a
better, freer and more sane civilization.- 1       •     .    . • •
As all roads were at one time said
to lead to Rome, sc do all channels
of thought at the present time lead
to the end of class rule, and tbe emancipation of labor from its age-long
bondage and crucifixion. .The literature cf the duv is replete with pre-
phecy of the approaching new order
of society based Upon fraternal cooperation for the common good.
Writers cf the most divergent schools
proclaim the dawn o( a new civilization. From the philosophical materialist to the religious zealot, and
through all the gradations between,
comes, unconsciously perhaps, the
evidence that gives warrant for the
query: is human society, after its centuries of slavery madness, about- to
become rational and sane? Unless
all sign fail the query will be. safely
answered in the affirmative.
The following  from  the   Literary
Digest is interesting as snowing the
present trend cf thought: '-
When Christians Cease to Make Fortunes. 	
The discontinuance.of. the amassing
of money, especially by Christians,
is recommended by a recent 'writer,
as the" proper answer to the "loud
and impassioned cry tor justice"
which is. going up from. the "heart
df the mighty democracy.'* After interrogating the New Testament for
an answer to his query expressed in
tlie-title pf his book, ''Should Christians Make Fortunes?" Mr. James"
Paterson Gledstone declares that the
honest adoption and faithful carrying out of Christ's principles "would
put a restraint upon the growth . of
private capital and probably abolish
it altogether." ' He is .not dismayed
by the objection that without capital
there can be no development; What
we have looked upon as development
be avers, can not be regarded as the
only kind possible or even'the best
possible,    lie says:
"There must be a better' way for
society to grow than Ser monopolists to fatten upon the'people; than
for money-hunters to pick the brains
of men more intelligent 'than themselves: than for beauracracies to usurp all government whether -under a
Russian autocrat or a British monarchy or an American republic; than
for enormous armies and navies to be
maintained in constant readiness to
destroy the peace of the worM and
the autcmony of the feebler peoples;
than for the sweet country to be forsaken for tne cities of smoke and
fog and hideous manufactures and,
ghastly streets. If- society is evolving
from stage to stage, hew happy will
it be when this stage is passed! For
there must be a better way for thousands of our fellow creatures to live
than to be turned into animals by
the brutalizing conditions in which
they are now compelled to pass their
Obedience to Christ's words, he
continues, "even were it universal,
could not create more poverty, more
misery, more degradation, more demoralization,, and..mere, danjeeraus.
social and political consequences, than
we now have from competition tempered in some degree by Christian
influence and humane principle." The
Christian way. as he sees it, would;
tints affect individuals:
it would call a halt to the mad
pace at which most are rushing along.
It would spread thc crushing . work
of ten or twenty or thirty years ovir
forty or fifty years; men would n*ct
be too old 'at forty.' We should not
see the sad spectacle of men at their
best, mentally and morally, discarded
for boys and youths, who can be obtained for less money, and who have
more physical force—tnough not always tbat. The quieter and saner-
life among a great body of Christian
people would have a calming influence
upon thi- rest And further:
this unworldly manner of living does
not imply that Christians would be
poor, as that word is generally understood. They would not depreciate
and discountenance the beautiful and
gracious things of life that, in so
many   instances  at   least,  make   life
t?rr- ■;,-. ■•    ■       ,.-:
more like, heaven than it otherwise*
Would be. Their avoidance of laying
up treasures on earth would tend,to
simplicity of . lift* purity of- taste,
economy of m'«ans,'.and «n|oymsat of
nature, Which malfes lio heavy charges
for. looking at the-everchanging splen-
£*s of the skies, and listening to the
utic of wind and water, and observing the wayt of birds, plants, insects,
Snd animals.""
t The Church of Christ, says the
writer, has always inclined .to tome
fot*m of ''coiomunitutr" ;or "socialism."
"and must do-so while she readsi llo*
Now Testament, knows1 her own hist-
bry, and has the guidance of the Holy
ppirit." Stalwart, hardy, God-fearing men and women,--he- continues,
rwottld be increased in number and
in efficiency if Christians were greatly
less occupied in layrng'up capital for*
themselves." He-adds.:
j "The men and women are the real
Capital; in them lies every potency
fnd possibility. They can turn the
earth into better than gold; into harvests of plenty and a home of contentment. We may not confound
things temporal with things spiritual,
for our aha all tnrottgh has been io
Splift and dignify the spiritual—but
there can be no question that when-
spiritual things are put first they immediately touch and transform earthly things, and 'these, again, affect the
other. * A nation that bas a large
body of men who do not enter into
competition to be rich, but arc models
pf industry, frugality, honesty, temperance, would soon feel a new regenerating force at work within her.
Every kind of industry would be remodeled.
! "But without our great 'captains
Of industry,' without our great capitalists, now would much of"
the world's- enterprise succeed?
A good deal of it can af- .
tord to wait. Weightier matters require attention in our churches,
and in* our nation, and, unless they
are attended to soon, we may find
that the world's enterprise, so far as
; we are concerned, can not be attended
tfo at all. 'The white man's burden'
m heavy, too heavy for decaying
strength; let htm recruit himself-,
spare diet will do him good; his dis-.-
esse springs mostly from enlargement.
Of dividends."     -
He was  an  honest working man ,
it, of a job.    As he doggedly pur- .
|utd the "even tenor of his-   way"
long the dusty turnpike in search of
mployment, he espied a mule ia   s
soadstde pasture industriously engaged in stockin- his locker with the nu-.
tritious herbage that grew in luxurious abundance round about him. Numerous harness galls Showed clearly
that his muleship was not an entire
stranger to the stubborn plow or the
obstinate cart.    Somehow the afore- -
said harness galls seemed to, in some
Eysterious manner, suggest a sort of
md of relationship betwixt himself
and the long-eared quadruped. Approaching his supposed relative, he
queried: "Good sir; how is it that
when out of work you are thus enabled to enjoy the luxury of an un- -
stinted larder, and bask in the sunshine of a material prosperity that
putteth fat upon your ribs and ancint-
eth yoor heart with a sweet content,'
whilst I, when out of work, find the
road long and weary, food becomes
but a memory, and the erstwhile
thin layer *of "fit upon ray ribs'fades
away to a mere gristle that affords
but an imperfect, buffer 'twixt skin
and bone?"
"Avaurrt, base wretch!'' quoth the
male, with his mouth half full Of
succulent blue joint, "I cost my master $147. I neither worship a job .
nor work for wages when I have one."
His lips being otherwise engaged, he
curled his tail with fine scorn, and
said "skiddoo" so effectively with his
heels that.the aforesaid honest working man went over the . fence as
though shot from a catapult. In the
course of his flight, as he passed over
a gopher hole, he felt so small that
it appeared to him as a yawning
chasm a mile and a half deep.
— ■■'■   ■    o
Capital is not a productive force.
In the last analysis it merely ex
presses tbe relationship existing between the owners of the means of
wealth production and their exploited
victims. The profits of capital, plus
the cost of keeping the capitalists,
'their heelers, thugs, ruffians, apologists and hangers-on, measures the
extent of the exploitation. It is the .
price the victims pay for that ignorance which alone makes their exploitation possible.
 o- 1	
John F. Murray, cashier of the
Western Union Telegraph Company
at Springfield, Mats., has been relieved of hit arduous duties, given'
easier ultility work and is to receive
his full salary as long as he lives.
This has been granted him as a reward for faithful service, and yet
Murray has only worked for the
company, and in the same office, for
fifty years. In the light of this, who.
will dare to assert that corporations
have no souls. a
111 "Ml. MIWSlHIHSW ■t-..,/"*H   M**->M
Ilu to Clarion
~ r--	
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Saturday, November 17, 1906.
From such meagre reports as have
been received to date regarding the
recent election in the United States, it
appears that the Socialist vote shows
a healthy and general increase all
along the line over the vote of 1904.
There seems tc be nothing in the nature of any spasmodic increase, but a
general and persistent forging ahead
in spite of all obstacles, that promises well for the future of the movement and speaks volumes for the excellence of the work of propaganda
and agitation already done.
In the earlier stages of the movement Socialists were often carried off
their feet with that enthusiasm that
frequently comes from sudden conversion, and set their expectations so
high as to believe that it was merely a matter of an election or two until their aim would be attained and
the millenium dawn. It is different
now. With a better understanding
of the task in hand, and the multitude of obstacles to be encountered
and overcome ere it can be accomplished, the seasoned Socialist is unaffected by the returns of an election, no matter what such returns
may appear to show. With an unshaken confidence in the cause he espouses, and an unswerving faith in
its ultimate triumph, he takes up the
thread of his work on the morrow after election with the same cheerful
but stubborn determination that marked his conduct before.
The comrades in the States are
everywhere as busy now in pressing
forward the work of agitation and organization as ever.
The esprit de corps of the Socialist movement cannot be broken, by
either "temporary victories or defeats,
along the battle line cf the class
struggle. The stubborn, persistent
pushing forward of the principles and
programme of the revolutionary
working class is bound to result in its
triumph and the final emancipation
of labor from the thraldom of exploitation.    The future is assured. '
It will be remembered that net
long since J. Ramsay MacDonald and
wife stopped in Vancouver for a day
or two while on their way to New
Zealand and Australia. Mr. MacDonald is one of the labor members
of the British House of Commons,
and we believe occupies the position
of "whip" of the Labor Party as represented in that House.
In the Labour Leader" of London,
England, under date of October 19,
1906, appears a communication from
Mrs. MacDonald setting forth her
impressions of British Columbia, and
mere especially of the Socialist movement of the province.
The MacDonald's made a flying
trip through the province. From the
time they crossed the eastern border
until they took steamer for Australia
covered a period of something like
four or five days, a goodly portion of
which was, of course, spent in travelling. A brief stop in Vancouver,
one night in Nanaimo, one in Victoria
and they were off for the Antipodes.
As it is not a matter of record that
they attended any meetings of the
Socialist organizations, either business or propaganda, nOr came in contact with any officers or members
who were either disposed or qualified
to give them any information worthy
of credence regarding the movement,!
IU method of procedure and Us prospects, it is safe td assume that such
information as they did obtain was
more than likely to* have been furnished by those who, for reasons best
known to themselves, were more or
less hostile to it.
If there is -one thing above all
others that will arouse the venom of
that rag-tag and bob-tail of capitalist
politicians known as the Liberal Party, it is the Socialist movement. There
is no lie sufficiently brazen, or slander so foul, that these worthies would
not use them to cast ill-repute upon
those who are pushed to the front in
thc Socialist inovement. There are
those who profess to be Socialists, but
whose Socialist pretensions are but
the thinnest veneer to cover their Liberal proclivities. It is evident from
the following, clipped frcm Mrs. Mac-
Donald's letter to the Labour Leader, referred to above, that if the
good lady did not fall into thc clutches of some Liberal in her search for
information, she certainly fell foul of
some one well qualified to become
"The two Socialist members in the
British Columbia Parliament — Mr.
Hawthornthwaite and 'Mr. Williams-—
and an Independent, Mr. Davidson,
who has practically joined them, arc-
in the undesirable position of holding
the balance of power between 18
Conservatives and 17 Liberals, and
they meet with much criticism because they unwaveringly support the
Conservatives, and keep them in
power, and to do this have voted for
some very bad "jobs" in alienating
land from the public, and some very
reactionary legislation."
Now as to the facts. The British
Columbia Parliament is at present
made up of 42 members. 22 of these
are Conservatives, 17 are Liberals, 2
sre Socialists and 1 Independent Labor. The combined votes of Liberals, Socialists and Independent Labor
would amount to but 20, as against 22
Conservatives. No one even in the
slightest manner addicted to truth
telling could locate the balance of
power in the hands of Hawthprnth-
waite, Williams and Davidson. The
balance of the yarn about keeping the
Conservatives in power and voting for
bad '"jobs" and "reactionary legislation," contains an equal amount of
truth. In fact, the entire statement
is an unadulterated lie from start to
finish. Every disgruntled Liberal in
the province has long since bawled
himself hoarse in uttering these and
similar falsehoods.
The next -time thc MacDonald's
pass this way they should travel by
balloon and make no stops. They
might thus be able to pass judgment
upon the Socialist movement and the
men who are fighting valiantly in it
in this province, without such judgment being warped by any Liberal
prejudice other than that which they
bring with them from dear old England.
skill from their Greek and R.iiitali ancestors, but one thing I knrtw   and
that is that Phedres (v?00 B.C.I speaks 	
about individuals of his    tune    whol    Hett Mr. Smith lotes
of Praxiteles and My- "   *-'  -■* -
The confidently expected wailings
of that "labor party" infant, that was
reported to have been born in this
citv about the first of this month,
have not materialized. Can it be that
some cruel jokestcrs worked off a
sawdust kid on dear old confiding
wetnurse Gray of Victoria? And that
too after the old lauy had gone to the
trouble of providing such an ample
outfh of infantile lingerie.
One excellent reason why the influx of Hindus into Canada should be
encouraged ties in the fact that, being British subjects, they will come
in handv as Liberal and Conservative
voters later on. And besides, they
will know fully as much about what
they are doing as does the average
Liberal or Conservative of Canadian
or old country extraction.
The general elections in Austria
'will come off early in the new year.
This will be the first election held under the new universal suffrage law.
It is expected the Socialists will enter the next parliament fully 100
strong. Then there will be something doing worth chronicling.
A miner by the name of William
Wells, had a leg broken by a fall of
coal in the mines at Nanaimo, another
was badly cut about the head and
face. A miner by the name of Math-
eson was killed at Phoenix. All of
these mishaps occurred during the
past week. The mines will, however, continue to operate as none of
the stock-holders were injured.
In the last month's correspondence
by comrade Robinson, referring to the
Massachussetts Museums 0? Fine
Artt hc said: "They contain a very
limited and inferior exhibit of leftovers." If comrade Robinson could
look a little deeper into that "exhibit
df left-overs" he would find out that
over 75 per cent, of it is nothing else
but counterfeits and imitations of the
real Masterpieces.
This might sound a little tco exaggerated, but I am ready to prove
what I say.
If all the museums and collections
in England and America should bc
cleaned out of all the counterfeited art,
there would be very little left "over,
indeed. The French and Italians
have cultivated this "art" through
many centuries. In fact their ability
can challenge the cleverest connoisseurs of any country.
I do not knew if they inherited their
used the name ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
ron on marble and silver statues, that
were nothing else bttt imitations of
such artists. The Romans used such
tricks although for different purposes.
I.tuns XIV. was easily humbugged by
Mignard, who sold to him a very valuable painting thought to be by Guido,
while it was nothing else but the
work of Boulogne. The cleverness
of Boulogne was that of imitating
Guido to perfection.
There is hardly a museum or a collection without some such imitation
aud trash.
In a bunch of letters written by a
friar in the XVII. century, very often
he speaks of art counterfeiters,
amongst others of a certain l.ottis
who can imitate the Etruscan vases
in their very details.
If 1 could take Comrade Robinson
to Italy for a month or so, I would
show him some studios in Rome
where a good many artists are busy
from morning to night modeling and
carving broken arms and slashed legs
of satyrs, venuses, etc., trunks of
statues that never belonged to anyone. They have been clever enough
to find compositions of acids which
spread on the marble gives a very
good antique color tr it.
Then there are pea.**:tts in the vicin
ity of Rt.-ni .j^^^^^—^^^—^^^—
to graze at the nearby rains, where
foreigners (mostly Englisi: tnd Americans) go sightseeing, and th"re the
peasants begin to tell thein how, in
such and such a place, almost every
day, they dig out wonderful finding*
at only a few feet of depth. Hen
they begin to offer a few lire to the
shepherd who usually is the main tool
of the whole trick. These always
have the proper place to dig. There
they dig and dig for three or four
days in vain attempts, and just when
discouraged and exhausted and ready
to give up all hope lo! thc precious
find is made! The rich Englishman
pays the peasant well, and thc price
is divided between him and thc artist.
England and America is full of
such ancient art that is only six
months old.
This is neither the time or
place to show the tricks of the
"troquer classiO." In time I shall
speak of these also
However, thc day is getting nearer and nearer, when the large army of
skillful artists will no more need to
dull their intellects and waste their
energy in faking foreigners with imitations. With a proper and even
chance, and no art dealer that steals
half of their product, their skill and
artistic sense will give thc world new-
creations of their own brain; art that
will really be, bctli iu fact and in
name, original.
Toronto, Ont., Nov. 5, 1906.
(Continued from last week.)
[B Mr. Smith loies himself in a
maze of contradictions and patent absurdities, so obvious, that I prefer to
take the charitable view and attribute
them to a woeful but inexcusable ignorance  of  the   subject.
IU- asserts that the rights of the
individual are supreme; that thc individual unit is the first and last thing
to be considered, and that inteference
with these rights is to strike at the
r.i<its of democracy. I deny all of
these assertions. 1 affirm, on the
contrary, that the unit is society that
the individual is of minor importance,
and that no Democracy is possible unless the rights of the individual are
subordinated to the interests of all.
Nay, more, I assert that Society may
rightly, and in practice, always docs,
abrogate every individual right even
the right to life itself, when thc welfare of Society is involved.
The Feathcrstonc case is a perfect
illustration of this. Here some individual exercised his right tc bc a
savage and killed another individual.
Thc nearest relative of the murdered
girl might have exercised his individual right to have avenged the wrong,
and in days gone by would have been
called upon to do so. But Society,
whose rights have been assailed, takes
up the matter.
'-•«•■"-—- -    .    An individual is suspected and im-
e that  brinp their flocks | mediately his right  to liberty is de-
* nied.     Society  adjudges  him   guilty
and calmly abrogates his right to life
ng that the higher rights of So
Persistent Rumours to the Effect in
That there is something unusual go*
ing on in the field of "high finance"
is very evident. The rate of exchange of the Bank of England has
been raised to 5 per cent, a figure
that has not been touched since thc
Boer war. Every financial column
of the capitalist press is whispering
rumors cf all sorts. The most persistent of these is that Russia will
default on the next interest payment
upon her loan. If this is true it
means a climax in international politics that may easily spell "finis for
The defaulting of that loan means
complete collapse of the Russian government. It meant international interference by either Germany or
France—or mere probably a squabble
between those two nations over the
bones left by the Russian Bear. But
there will be life in those bones—the
life of a revolutionary proletariat,
which may make them a difficult meal
to digest.
Another indication that Russia is
collapsing is furnished^by recent
events in France. Here the Faillier-
es ministry is abcut to resign and it
is understood that Clemenceau will be
called upon to head a new ministry.
His only hope of succets lies in the
fact that he was formerly connected
with the Socialist movement, and he
is therefore expected to secure thc
co-operation of some cf the unattached Socialists—probably Viviani.
lt is more than whispered that a coup
d'etat is planned by which the present republic will be overthrown and
Clemenceau  made a dictator.
The reason for these elaborate preparations in France can be understood when it is understood that between one and two billions of dollars of the Russian loan are held in
France. This loan has been placed
largely through the Credit Lyonaise,
a gigantic banking institution controlled by the Jesuit order. The village clergy have persuaded the peasants to invest their smalt savings
in Russian bonds. These savings, fcr
the gathering of which the French
peasant has become world famous,
have been the great bulwark of the
conservative parties of France. If
these savings are swept away, as they
will be in case of Russian Bankrupcy,
these peasants will bc at once transformed from the great defenders of
capitalism into revolutionists, goaded
en by the madness which always
teizes upon the small capitalist when
his savings are swept away.
That the Russian bankrupcy cannot
be long postponed is evident when
the existing far-reaching famine it
recalled. To the inability of the already broken down government to
collect taxes is coupled the inability
of the famine stricken population to
pay tazes if they wished, and the refusal of the revolutionists to pay
taxes when able, we have ample
grounds to insure the speedy bankruptcy of the Russian government,—
Chicago Socialist.
ciety, the welfare cf the community,
will best be conserved by his death.
Featherstone might easily, and no
doubt would have escaped, had he to
deal only with the individuals more
immediately concerned, but the moment the state intervened his doom
was sealed. Wc see thus how impotent and insignificant is the individual and how great thc power and influence inherent in Society itself..
Again, were thc units of most importance in Society, the violent removal of these two would have greatly disorganized things. We find, however, that everything goes on as before. Our daily life is not affected
in the slightest and the individuals
themselves arc hardly missed. The
truth of the matter being that the
individual units are of the least im
portance in our complex organization,
only Society is  important.
The Capitalist doctrine of individual liberty is essentially anarchistic
All Anarchists arc strenuous advocates of the fullest freedom for the
individual—which, so far from being
at the base of Democracy, woukl inevitably disintegrate Society, and
lead us back to the dark night of Barbarism, when individual might was
the only right. Hence we comfort
both parties, and say there can be no
real Democracy till the rights of the
individual in every direction have been
fully subordinated to thc welfare of
Society as a whole.
It is a long way from thc Savage
to the modern state, and every step
of the way has been marked by blood
and desperate struggle to supplant
the will of thc individual by the rule
of all, and only as this has succeeded
lists freedom of any sort been possible.
Once the King was all-powerful,
his will was thc law, and no one else
had anv rights. After a time a few
Barons, Lords, etc., forced the King
to share with them the right to make
the laws and rule. Later a larger
class compelled recognition of their
right to make the laws and rule,
but for centuries no one had any
rights save the owners of the soil.
And these, holding all the powers
of the state, made all the laws in their
own interests, and to safeguard their
property rights.
This class never for a moment
considered the individual rights ei
the producers or traders. Indeed the
dictrine of individual rights wai then
unknown, and the serfs accepted with
out question, the place assigned to
them. Gradually the traders grew
powerful and finally conquered tht
powers of the state, curtailed consid
erably thc individual rights of the
King and Lords, and increased the
numbers of the ruling class, without
altering greatly their distinctive fea
tures. The great mass cf the people
had still no rights. The serfs were,
still bound to the soil. But the factory system arose and thc need of
workers was great, hence the preaching of the doctrines of individual
rights, personal liberty, freedom ol
contract. Soon the serfs were freed,
but at thc same time thc burdens imposed bv the Feudal tenure were removed from land, ownership became
absolutc.and the landlords were permitted to enclose all thc common
land. Thc villagers, unable to exist
on the land, and tempted by the high
wages, flocked into the factories to
create a new set of masters the great
Capitalists. The development of thc
colonies; the application of steam to
machinery, increased beyond imagination the wealth and influence of the
manufacturers and traders, and soon
they joined with thc landlords to resist the growing power of the workers, who, massed in factories and
workshops, and taught bv the machine
thc effectiveness of associated effort,
soon applied the principle to better
their material conditions. They discovered that the individual liberty,
freedom of contract, meant for them
the freedom to individually accept
any conditions their masters offered,
or thc individual liberty to starve.
Hence the formation of Labor Unions, where thc workers learned they
must surrender most of their personal,
individual rights, in crder that collectively they might curtail the individual rights of masters to absorb all the
product of their toil. The more completely-the individual was subordinated, thc more effective became the
Union, and the better the terms they
could extort. The only reason for
failure was that the individual could
not be entirely eliminated, "scabs"
were nearly always to bc found, and
hence the partial failure of the Unions.
In ths pO.ilicftl field Vai !»«•* !«"«•*
has been taUght, tbat thc individual
mult bc tubordinate to the whole
if the workers were to have the power
collectively, to abrogate the individual
rights of the master clastet, to everlastingly prevent them having any
political rightt at all. Here there
has been no failure. Year by year
the collective power of the workers
grows stronger and stronger, till now
victory is almost in sight. The fc
tish of individual rights becomes less
and less effective and is now only believed in bv the ruling classes, their
heelers and dependents, and thc more
ignorant of the workers, who do not
think, while it is preached chiefly by
thc lurid defenders of Capitalism.
So far, Ralph Smith poset at an individualist of the mott extreme type.
Bnt, by some strange perversity of
judgment, or obliquity of mental and
moral vision, he proceeds to demolish
his own arguments. Forgetting his
own dicta that on no- account mutt
the rights of the individual be inter
fered with, he now asserts with equal
fervor that it is estential to the welfare of Society that thc powert of the
state be invoked, and laws patted to
abolish, or limit thc individual rightt
of the Capitalists to absorb and retain
all the profits of thc industries they
own and operate, in order that thc
producers of all wealth may secure
a larger share of thc products of their
See now the absurdity of Mr.
Smith's position. Rank Individualist,
as he claims to be, he advocates the
very principles at thc base cf Socialism, the only difference being that
Mr. Smith halts at thc statement of
the principle, or would limit its operation. The Socialist follows to the
logical conclusion, and asserts that if
it be right to limit, in any degree, individual rights in the interests of all,
it follows, at a logical sequence, that
every individual right may justly be
abrogated if the doing to will best
Conserve or promote thc welfare of
Society. If this be conceded, the
question it now resolved into this
proposition: "Is it for the welfare of
Society, that the individual rights of
the capitalist class tc take prolit in
any form, be abolished?" Would it
best promote thc interest of all, to
make all working Capital, common
property, and operate all our indut
tries for the equal benefit of all thc
People? Socialists say it would certainly be for the immediate benefit
of the workers who form the vast majority, and assert that it is entirely
feasible to so organize all Industrie-,
as to make it impossible for any individual to squeeze any profit what
ever out of the labor of another. Nay
more, they assert that thc revolution
involved in this, is now going on. and
it is inevitable that Socialism must
prevail      ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
There   is  no   alternative   save  the
Trust, and that, as a pernancy, i* un
thinkable.     In  every  department  of
Industry thc revolution proceed* with
accelerating speced     ^^^^^^^^^
More and more is the individual
being supplanted by thc Corporation,
thc Trust, the Government.
In the trading world, the small in
dividual trader is rapidly being re
placed by the Mammoth Departmental store of the great Corporation with
immense central warehouse**, and
many branches, or, as in England and
Belgium, b» the Co-operative store,
everywhere abrogati*"* «he right* of
thc individual and teaching the doctrine of Association. Tn manufacturing, individual* have been almost
entirely eliminated, their place* being taken by giant Corporations or
Trusts. There are no individual
railway, steamship or mine ownert, at
least of any consequence.
In telephone, telegraph service
electric light, gat and water plants
banking, tramways, and a host lol
"ther business enterprises, corporations rule absolutely, save where gov-
enrments, municipal or national, have
assumed control and always where
governments do control snd operate,
the results are infinitely superior. The
service is always better, the cost lets,
and always the workers have better
conditions and nearly always better
wages. (This may be taken with reservation—Editor.) Thi* being so, it
it reasonable to expect equally good
results frcm the government control
anu operation of other or all industries. Indeed, it it certain tbat infinitely better results would be obtained, were individual profit impossible. The constant effort of corporations and capitalistt is to minimise the
importance, increase the cost, and
destroy thc usefulness of all government operated industries which conflict with their interest's, so at to discourage all interference with their
profit making. It it not a fact lhat
the fruitful tource of all graft and
corruption it the avariciout greed of
corporations and individuals whote efforts to tecure tome special privilege*
or personal advantages makes it thr
exception for a politician to remain
honest in their service?
In the States this hat reduced legislatures to thc tools of corporation!;
ccurtt and judges to inttrumentt of
oppression; Society to warring faction^ and the majority of the work-
ert to abject slavet, trampt or criminals. And here in Canada conditions more and more approximate to
those of the State*. The enly escape
it the abolition of prolit. No one
f will attempt to corrupt another, unless hc expectt to reap some personal
profit or advantage. Certainly he
would not do so, if he were sure no
benefit would accrue, and that hc
might even injure himself.
With Mr. Smith's last postulate I
can heartily agree. The real hope of
Canada it in her young people. Thc
boys and girls who are now receiv-
mur the training which will make or
mar them at citizens, will either build
up a great and glorious nation, where
Freedom, Love and Truth will reign
supreme; where the common welfare will be the first and highest con-
tideratton, and only labor will bring
reward, or perpetuate the reign of
Mammon, the ccaslcss strife, the war
"   classes, the blood, the tears, the
4£f *w*/ Lsbor Union In u, M2£*,
•"-IBd to pl.tr a card uml-r this lif?*? • k
*****"*** ****** sole •** li
International Associstion 0f R^
and Structural Ironworker, L&
No. 97. meet* in Labor Ih'n ,''
and third Friday of the mM
8  P.   m.      H.  J.  Parker.   Record
9.  66
Secretary,   Room
Street W.
hall.     John    Mclnnis     \;^A
Walter Morrison, Secretary   "^
W. F. M.
Miners'   Union,   Mo. ^
Meets    every Saturda,
evening st 7.30 o'clock in Minfri'
hall.    John Mclnnis, President Wil
ter   Morrison.  Secretary
Socialist fctaj
_^^^^^^^_ of Ut- HoeUlln
Party ot Caraada should ns « -„,
under tnis hi**). fl.OO per moo;,
ttecrstertm pleas* note.
llHttsh ColttrabU Frmiiu-iiii Bxeesitii
Committee. tiocUlist Party or Canada. Heels every allernau Tin*
day. D. G. McKenm, S-crttir*
Box 8j6, Vancouver, I;  C
Esee-a-tlve Conrautae, So.
ctallst Party of Canada >■••••
every alternate Tuesday, j. 0.
Morgan, Secretary. It) )•...,-.,r.j
Street. Vancouver. Ii C
IjogbI VaUKtONver, No. I. R. P. uf 1 aa.
men. Business n...-.:!. k« avwy
Monday etenlnc at h<-u 1 marten.
tuatlsalOc Block, tit Cetnblt Kim-,
(room 1. second floor). K-tuca*
ttottal aTuewtlngs every Sunday tt I
p. ssw tr* Butllwin Hnll. rv<r4on
Trmdsric Perry, .St-cmaiy,
Vancouver, a C.
Local Tbrutrto, 8. |». ot C •—Meets arc*
ond and fourth Tuea.laya. rtoeWM
Headquai ters, IIIH Queen Stmt
West. r. Dal*. Seen t«ry. II llto.*
Street. Jewish Blanch m**u *•/**•-
Sunday night, same halt.
Local Winnipeg. S P. of C. meet*
every Sunday, in Trade. Hi!!, tt
2:jo p. m. J. Cox«<n. Si 1 r< ttry, ta
Princes* St., Winnipeg
Local Nelson. S. P. of C ' eti et*
cry Friday evening al 8 ;m. tt
Miners' Union Ha!!, Nt - rt 11. C
A. W. Harrod, Orgsn
J. Edward Bird.    A. C. llrvdnn-Jsri
item. K. McCrosaan.
BAKIllOTrlKM. BOUinol*"   IK
iu. sa». p.o. Bos. m
KM m\ee*b*m*\ 8t. . . Vn*»eouver. B.C.
misery inseparable from the rule of
greed and gold, till finally, civili*
zation will be buried in rum ■•'■heri
have been.
Our duty to onrselvet in    to tit
race make*  it   impcratnr »t
train  these   future  dtiaeni *"*■
thoroughly, that they ma) • ■• hy**"
ally   strong,   mentally   p   * imj
well balanced, and controlh ! :■ «•' '"'
principle* that will impel them to
deal justly with all. To '• • ;il'■
we ought to allow every child W
reach full growth before evading
hard toil, or indeed mu< h i.-■>■' "'
any kind.
For thc majority this it •■•■•,■■•'■'■''
How can it be, when the hardest tot
sesreely suffices to secure the meio*
ett, bsrett existence, for the nun
the  workers, and  it becomi    nece*-
tary for the children tn perl  rm nm
and exacting toil in order to live, in*
first problem facing n*. is to . matt
conditions so that child laboi i
fit will bc impossible a*- it in
tary.     Then  we may hope t.> 'l«*v«-
op and train a race fitted to l>i»!<! *
nation.    Ours be the task I    preps'*
the way for thc coming son ■ i-itt*
Let Ut dcttroy the false, lhe un-
jutt tyttem, which permit* '•" l"r.
pctuation of such horrors ;i- 'l ■' ""''
to high Heaven for vengeance, <* "p
drives countlett millions of <»™»
children to a life cf hard, ->' ;' '""•
starvation, misery and dcgr.i latin*
while the few riot in luxuries refusion. Let us strive that « '" *'
hsve patted to thc great beymi'l. "r
sons and daughetr* may inhei 1 >
cial and industrial edifice, fntindc.l upon the eternal principle- »i lr'"n
and Justice; where the all I"'*"'"!*
bondn of fraternity and fell' ^*1"1
may knit together all rao and P«°"
pie* in one common brothcrh '
In conclusion, let me saj ' s '
no partisan spirit I have trave'.'W
Mr. Smith's arguments, but 1- "
earnest student of economic in»n<
trusting that in thc conflid <• mtc
lect and the play of reason, the
may be evolved, and d**eu»sion
reeled along line* productive
greatest good to all. 1.
I am a firm believer In the l"",cip',
of ascociation,   which  is the la* °
progress  and   brotherhood,  and ",
tined, I trutt soon, to rniatnii"1'' J"
workers  from   the  grinding  '*•'■" ,,
of Capital, so that it may be po"-" .
to realize our fondctt hopes, tlia   '
thit Canada of ours, this land   '|  !"'
itless  possibilities, a   mighty   N'"1'^
may arise containing within ii* -*0
ers neither master nor slave
be di*
if tht .,u,^twsawti,tH
Theie   oiitmiis havo been placed at
|tha disposal of the Psrty.  Secretaries
„r jjocals are requested to    take ad-
|vantage cf them In. at Intervals, re*
Iportlng conditions In their respective
liocalltles.   Communications under this
|iJ.,,,i ahould be addressed to the Do-
[■ninion or Provincial Secretaries.   Lo*
,,.,| m, retarles nre further requested to
iintik to these columns for announc**-
linentt from the Bxeeutlvs CommiUees.
i ,  this means the business   ot   the
I tarty will be facilitated and thn Dominion   and     Provincial    secretaries
(uli-ved  of * little  Of  the  Increasing
(burden of correspondence.
In order to afford comrades an
.;,,)■ access to standard works on
icialitm, the committee hat decided
> lay iu a stock of literature. The
illowing are on hand and will be
nt post-paid to any address st
ice* quoted. Two-cent stamps
ill l>t accepted for sums not exceeding 25 centt:
fi 11   origin of the Family, (P.
Kngels)   •••..•. 60
|-1 he    Social   Revolution (Karl
Kautsky) ... , »— 60
[hi- World's Revolutions (Env
e«t Ititermann)  60
frhu Socialists,   who   thsy are
anil  what    they    stand for,
i.lohn Spargo)   S .60
lhe involution of Man (Bolsehe)    .60
Modern     Socialism    (Chas. II.
Vail)    25
Hans   Strugrrles    ln    America,
\   M. Simons)  10
hi-   Communist    Manifesto,
Karl   Marx    io cents
ocialitm,  Utopian  and Scientific, Marx ft Enp-elt...to cents
/age,   Labor   and   Capital,
Karl  Marx   t cents
.Minion of tbe Working Class.
Hats   Vail       nm iii- i      -06
M2M--j, snd Farmers, A. M.
Simons 5 cents
Other works procured to order.
Address tho Literature Agent, Box i
I3B, Vancouver. B. C.
'mutilations,    per doten  f .86
^!tmUrship cards, each  01
lieatloa blanks    (with platform)   -wr 100  .... 38
Thc committee being a stockhold-1
r in    the    co-operative    publishing
use of Chat. Ken fk Co., can pro-
ure literature for the localt at cott.
Campaign fund receipt books are
>.t ready and will be furnished to
cats at io cents each.
the campaign just closed has been a
revelation to many who have hitherto regarded organization a* of doubtful utility. Many of these are now
calling most loudly for more perfect
organization, and they are showing
good appreciation of the meaning of
the term.
But a declaration that wc must have
organization does not give results.
Our decision to have organization
must be translated into definite, positive acts along correct lines. . All with
whom I have consulted seem to be
agreed that the State Organizer
should bc kept constantly in the field,
fully ei-uiped for such work as he
must do, the Secretary should support the Organizer by keeping in
close touch with isolated Socialists
and Socialist sympthizert through a
system of correspondence. It has
been lus-gesteo! that a general letter, dealing with the nature, the
power and the nccetsity of organi-
za| on be sent to thc unorganized.
To do these things and thc things
sssocisted with the doing of these
things, will require funds-—not large
funds, but some funds. Comrade*,
with the memories of the past in your
minds, and with the luture prospects
before you will you contribute fcr
the purposes herein indicated?
Are you willing to accept the duties
and responsibilities thrust upon you
by the conditions of life in which
you are placed, and deal with them
like men and women who arc inspired
b.v a high purpose, or shall we shirk
and slink away like craven cowards?
Comrades, what is your answer?
Shall we open the 1908 campaign
on the morning of the 7th of Nov.?
A few of the comrades have contributed $1,15 to a literature fund, and, if
the whole membership will do as
much fi-f the work of pushing organization, we will give results.
Yi.urs in thc Social Revolution,
e.g., Markei price of £26 piid tip
shares of the Compan*/ is £41 io, so
that the shares have appreciated in
actual value over 100 per cent. The
Sugar company has a share list of
150,000 shares fully paid up, £20, and
they had balances reserves and undivided profit showing upon their balance sheet amounting to £418453.
Thanking you in anticipation, believing me a sincere well wisher for
the cause of truth and the triumph of
class conscious revolutionary Socialism.       W. H. K. ROBINSON.
Financial Secretary
New  Zealand  Socialist  Party, Wellington.
1 miY"siL
earn \mm\n*amaaa*amamm*tbmmm
In last week's
article over the
play," in which
to  give  a  "clear
Voice appeared an
signature of "Fair-
the writer essayed
and definite  mean-
1   c following amounts received up
< ■    niy acknowledged   $LU*°j
1     liatim          I.oo.
Socialist party campaign
It has been decided by tbe Provincial
xecutive to build up a central fund
be used in generally assisting in the
loming campaign and more especially
the purpose of printing snd dittri-
loting campaign literature.
All  comrades  wishing    to    collect
or tii is fund should st once apply
I" tlie provincial secretary for s re-
leipt book.     No effort    should   be
Ipared in building up this fund.
Tlu- following smounti received up
|o date:
Previously acknowledged  $■*•■ SO
Bwo Clarion Subs       '50
. .$-13 50
"' Headquarter*, Socialist Party
-'.tii.S 1-2 Pacific Avenue. Tacoma,
'All Comrades, Greeting:
1 '"   political campaign in which we
■' luttafned 10 conspicuous a pari,
now closed. Great as has lieen
-tress, this campaign is a mere in-
1 "it in thc greater and broader cstn-
Kn  ol organisation  in  which    all
'ialistt nre engaged throughout all
I he state office ha* carried on a vig-
nrous campaign, distributing thousands of pieces of free literature de-
sl"it- mtr meager income; it has car-
'•''I on a large and constantly incrcas-
u|k correspondence.
1'"' State Organircr, Emil Herman,
"as made a set speech almost daily
i'»r ninety day*, has sold much liters-
tl'fc, has gathered and transmitted
-1; this office thc names and addresses
"• stores of isolated Socialist* and
Socialist sympathizers. Other speakers have been routed and much aided
''"»' this office. With more means,
1111,1 li more could have been done.
The campaign arid all the activities
"' <hc campaign are mere memories
n';w, and wc must face thc future.
, 1 he work that needs to be done, nnd
j1 ""ist be done, i* appalling to all
'"it the most courageous. We must
achieve results.
^ aro face to face with duties and
rcsPontiblliti*M and wc cannot evade
""- pmormance of our duty, however
much w* may desire to do so.
''fom  nil   parts  of  the   state   has
'" a spontaneous cry for more perfect organization.    Our experience in
Editor Western Clarion:
Dear Sir—Will you kindly give
space in thc Clarion to thc resolutions
enclosed which were adopted by
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. 8. W. r.
M . at our last regular meeting. The
rntire membership cf over 700 men in
N'o. X approve of thc action taken by
the convention held at Vancouver
October 29th and 30th, in putting out
of business an embryo political party
formed by a few labor fakirs in thc
interests of tlie capitalist class.
Your, for the Revolution,
Press   Committee.
Phoenix, B. C, Nov, 6, igo6.
At tlie recent convention of the Canadian Labor Party held in Vancouver. Oct -11 and 30. our Delegate, Bro.
John Mclnnis. gave his support to the
members who, It-oking to the inter-
t -ts of the working class refused to
allow themselves to be divided on the
political field by bringing to life another labor party to prey upon the
workers and
The Socialist Party is the only party that can adequately give expression to thc interests of the working
class, therefore bc it
That wc. the members of Phoenix
Miners' Union, No, 8. W. F. M.. do
heartily endorse the actions of Bro.
Mclnnis and the other delegates who
were true tn thc interests of the workers."
Wellington, New Zealand,
14 Binham St.
Sept. 24. 1906
Dear Comrade.—During the trip of
Sir J. Ward, Premier of New Zealand
to America, if reported correctly, he
made some of the most grossly exaggerated   statements  which  1   hope
you will do me the favor to refute.
New Zealand "bubble".s more in keeping with the truth.   To say that any
company doing business in New Zealand, paying more than 3 I*> P«*«* cent.
is taken over by the State is a lie, as
1 shall show.
There is no country in the world
with the exception of America, where
capitalist concerns get greater profits
and where the condition of thc loiiing
masses it to completely at the mercy
of representative! of capital, including Sir J. Ward and hit Company. As
for monopolies, the meat companies
thc Butter ring, the Colonial Sugar
Refining Company, have the producers at their mercy. Now for the
Div. Paid up
New Zealand,     5 per cent   £3.68
Union, 10 per cent   10s  HI*
N. S. W.        10 per cent.
Australasia        13 per cent
National    12 per cent
Ohristchttrch   Building,  7   Per   cent.
Equitable Building 10 per cent
Permanent Trust Dun 2Vi, 7!4d in A.
Trustees Ex. & A., Dunedin 15 per c.
ios in £
Gas Companies.
Wellington Timacu, Christchurch, 10
per cent. ..
Auckland 15 per cent.
Napier, i8«/j per cent. £10 shares selling at £25.
New Zealand and National, 15 per c.
South British, 25 per cent.
Meat Companies, 8 and 10 per cent.
20 other companies, 10 to 15 per cent.
Westpool Coal Company 15 per cent.
AucKland   Sugar   Refining   Company
ing" to the term capital and described it as "that portion of wealth used
for the production of more wealth,"
and, continuing, he M.yt when viewed
in this manner "that sphinx of Socialism, the capitalist, will begin to vanish behind a cloud, and capital, the
laboror's tool of production will appear in its true light as something
which in a free ttate of distribution
and production will be the property of
him or them that prodced it with
their own labor."
The writer has often heard and
read of Single Taxers "teeing the
cat," but the inability of these
tame Single Taxer* to see any difference between the modern tool of
production which is so gigantic and
complicated that it requires the collective labor of whole armies of working men to operate it, and the small
individual tool which was the instrument of labor in the petty industries
of former days, is another mark of
small perceptive powers on the part
of a cult possessed of a peculiar mental hallucination which causes them
to see felines where nobody else
can. If this definition expressed the
true meaning of the word capital then
the Chiaiaman or laborer who makes
a living hoeing potatoes or digging
in a ditch is a capitalist, because he
is the possessor cf wealth—a shovel
or a hoe and a suit of overalls—which
is wealth used in the production of
more  wealth.
The instruments of labor may or^5j"jves
may not be capital. When the tools
of labor were small, individual hand
tools which were owned and operated by the same person, and who,
therefore, appropriated the product of
his own labor, they were not capital,
neither did they possess any of the
characteristics of capital. They were
merely private property. It was only
when the instruments of labor developed from individual use and ownership into the machine which required the sub-division and co-cpera-
tivc effort of many workers to operate it that it took on its character
as capital; that is, it then became the
property of one man, or firm, or company, who owned it solely that they
might appropriate to themselves the
fruit of thc labor of they who operated it.
Your modern capitalist takes no
part in production whatever. The
function of capital isto enable the
owner—capitalist—to take, not to
make. Thc owners of capital may
live thousands of miles away frcm
the locality of their capital, they may
never see it, in fact, but the returns
from the labor of the) who toil will
come to them in the .shape of dividends, so sweet to the taste of your
True it is that capital is something
created by labor, is the result of labor and is, in fact, stored up labor,
but it is because of the lordship of
this past labor over the present living labor which gives it its distinctive character at capital. When the
instruments of labor are again the
property of they who work them they
will no longer be or function as capital. The product of labor has always gone tc the owner of the means
of production, and when the workers
again stand as owners of their own
tools they will stand masters of their
own product. But as the instrument
cf production is no longer the small
individual, hand tool of a by-gone
age, in order to possess it at all they
must do so collectively, because by
its very nature it requires the collective labor of they who would own it
to operate it. This is the purpose
and program of the Socialist party
the world over, and until that program is caried into effect the workers
will remain just where they are today—wage-earners who sell their labor power in a competitive labor market and wnose iron dictates are wholly
beyond the powers of the Single Taxer to remedy or even understand.—
From the Socialist column in Winnipeg Voice.
Tte Juttemaut % To Date
(Continued from Page One.)
latter operate the roads and therefore perform whatever *ervice to human society is affcrded by their operation. The present, or capitalist form
of property, enabled the owners of
these railways to exploit their employees to the tune of over $600,000,-
000 in the one year covered by the reports above referred to. This, mark
you, after all operating expenses had
been paid. In other words, bcaus
the railways functioned as capital, the
men who did the work, the employees,
received at least $500 each less for
their year's work than they would have
received had the roads been the property of the working class and operated for its own use, instead of for
the purpose cf bringing profit to the
capitalist owners as at present.
It is well to note that no capitalist
is included among the killed or injured
employees. The risks of modern industry are not taken by the owners.
That is those risks that endanger life
and limb. These risks are exclusively the portion of they who operate the
industries—the working people.
There is no logical reason why thc
ownert of railways or capitalists in
general, Should put themselves out
for the purpose of safe-guarding their
employees against lcs$ of life and
limb. Thev purchase their supply of
labor power in the open market just
as they purchase the balance of their
supplies. As they do not purchase
the laborer's body they are not in the
least concerned as to what may become of it. They suffer no money
loss because the laborer is killed cr
crippled. .Another immediately takes
hig place and everything goes on as
before. Of far greater consequence
to the capitalist is an injury to his
machinery, than the killing of half
his employees, or the whole bunch
for that matter. It costs money to
replace the former. It costs nothing
to replace the latter.
This reckless human slaughter must
inevitably continue so long as the
means of production remain as capital. So long as the motive cf industry is profit, no one need expect any
consideration to be given for the
safety of the life and limb of the
out of which that nrofit is
wrung. It is unnecessary to shed any
tears over this killing and maiming.
The slave* themselves seem to enjoy it. The results cf the recent elections in the States show that they still
give their support to the system that
not onlv robs them by wholesale, but
slaughters them like sheep. As long
as they like it, no one else has any
kick coming.
This does not prevent us from re-
markin- however, that the railway is
the modern juggernaut par excellence,
and the modern working man the	
fool "that ever came down the pike."
Toronto factory bosses are being
thrown into a dangerous fever because they cannot obtain sufficient
female labor for their factories. The
very foundations of our glorious capitalist civilization are being threatened
by this awful scarcity of the raw material from which the sacred profit
is made. May kind heaven send
along a plentiful supply of female and
child labor before the whole blooming
thing collapses.
The Socialist candidate for District
Attorney received in the city of Milwaukee 14.295 votes, as against
13.554 for McGovern, the La Follerte
candidate, and 11,762 for Bodens, the
Republican. In the outlying districts of the county rhe La Follette
candidate received enough votes to
give him about 100 plurality over the
Socialist candidate.
Notice is hereby given that after
60 days we intend to apply to the
Chief Commissioner of Land and
Works for a special license to cut
and carry away timber from the following described lands in Rupert District:
No. 1—Commencing at the S. W.
Cor. of Sec. 23, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains, thence south
80 chains.
No. a—Commencing at the N. W.
Cor. of Sec. 14, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence west 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 3.—Commencing at the N. E.
Cor. of Sec. 15, Township 14, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 4.—Commencing at the S. E.
Cor. of Sec. 22, Township 14, thence
north 160 Chains, thence west 40
chains, thence south 160 chains,
thence east 40 chains.
No. 5.—Commencing at the N.  E.
Cor. of Sec. 26, Township 14, thence
west 80    chains,    thence    south  80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 6—Commencing at the N. W.
corner of Sec. 25, township 14,
thence east 80 chains, thence south
80 chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains.
No. 7.—Commencing near the S.
W. Cor. Sec. 36, Township 14, thence
north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains.
No. 8—Commencing at post half
a mile south of the S. W. Cor. of
Sec. 31. Township 15, thence north
80 chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains, thence west
80 chains.
No. 0.—Commencing at a post
planted at the S. W. Cor. of No. 8,
thence south 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains.
No. 10—Commencing at a post
planted near the N. E. Cor. of Sec.
17, Township 15, thence 160 chains
west, thence 40 chains south, thence
160 chains east, thence 40 chains
No. 11—Commencing at a post near
the N. E. Cor. of No. 10 thence west
160 chains, thence North 40 chains,
thence east 160 chains, thence south
40 chains, to point of commencement.
Dated Sept. 26, 1906.
A band of about one hundred revo
Unionists held up a train last week
at Rogow, Poland, and carried off
$650,000 that was on board. Although half a dozen or.so soldiers
who were guarding the treasure were
killed, no damage was done.
Some who started early are now selling ten £
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents %
a copy. Send to us for circulars and wholesale It
prices.    The book is now ready for delivery. %
The book is now ready for delivery.
BOX 2064
A Trained Nurse. Must be a
Graduate from some well established hospital, for particulars write to
Sec Ymir General Hospital
Box 506 Ymir. B. C
.,•■   Jl*-'*'Vl'a<-ft
 oT aunuracUirara,
. Where who reallae Itsc ad-rlaabll-
•Mot their faltiil bualneta transacted
■uTrrcUmioar*/advice free.  Charges
ao YEAitr
Tradc M*"ms
CorvmoHTs Ac
Ai-rone sanding a akdrh and deaerlptlon may
■.etaklr aaaertala oar opinion fra-e whether an
tii»e>itlon la pfohatly |MU*ni*jU.-atConiiouiitf»-
n.>ns*4r**lrr«.i*M«.itl«l. HlnTOOOS ooHateota
mui Irt*. Oldest sa-mcy roe set-anna patents.
Talenta taken tbrrxutts Mann * Co. metre
awUutla. without eharae. la the)
Scientific Jhtolcai
ilhwtratad weakly. J-ajreeatelr.
eetentloc Journal. Terms. Sl a
tha.ll. Bold brail wawadaalara.
qui****,. New tork
>, at t **, Waslioattji-, D. c.
A hanaaomely lltaetnted weakly,
enlatlon of any eetentloc "partial,
rear; four montha.ll. Sold brail
by buying thsf
reliable, honest*
high gradei
National Sewing Machine Co,
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FCR HAT see to It
that ths Genuine Union Label Is sewed in IL If
a retailer has loose labels ln his possession and
offers to put one In a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels In retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label Is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia. Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOFFITT, I*re*5Ulent, Orange, N. J.
MARTIN LAWLOK, Secretary, 11 Waverly PUoe,
New York.
G  A. OKELL, Manager
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of tbe City. You can always
depend upon our bread. Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
Do you know ws sell fron 10 to tB
cents cheaper than our cosspetltors.
rors jt. c*JX-tvirc**SB
Ti Csvcraattt Strul, VMsrls, 6. C
MasslKisrtr tl
Is. 8 Ctstrt SL
Moderate. Oar hrraarter'a Advlaer **at upon
tt****. TsUrloefMai^, New York Life Bill*-,
Montreal; aud Wa.hiuKtuu, li.C, V.&JU
what the Party is doing on the Pacific
Coast  of the  United  States.
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party and By the
Socialist Party."
Ten weeks, ten cents; one year, 50 cts.
For the
Having been authorized by
the publshen of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at tbe
regular rate—$1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fond, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not lets than one year
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
Prov. Secy.
Bex 838, Vancouver, B. C.
<■ tnauei    VAsoowia,
ooooooooooooooooooooooooo* .',**ammef ** ««"» of mym*.
»S2 -SSC* -^=52
Of the MaterlsHst Conception of History; or the Law of Socisl Growth
Di&COvcrcd by  Karl Marx ami  I-'retl-
erick Kngels, 1848.
(From the Preface to Marx's "Critique   of   FolitiN pm?&\ ,*;
litncd 18s/.7
Thc first,,*
fur thr jHrpose
..work, avjlich  I   undertook
ptAc of'rfolvini* Ilu- 'li nhl*
which   perplexstJ   mi"  WM   0  ''r"K1:,,
re-Mamination of Hegel* Mnli.ww.y
of  Law.     Thi-  introduction   to   tgts
work appeared in the German-Wrench
Year   Hooks,   published   in   Pail!   m
1844.    My investigation cmled in tho
conviction  that   legal  r**).i(i'''i'>.   and
formtof irovernment cannot  b«  e«*
plained cither  by  themselves  or hy
the,'so-called development Of lhe M*
man mind,,but, ..11 the cottury, have
their roots in the conditions of men s
physical    rcxisuii.ee,- whrnc
Hegel,   following  thu   Knglish
French   writers    of   thc    cigl)
century, summed up, under th
of civil soMWy}j*Uldtfi|l the
of civil sotb»f.*po*t4fmsouglt
litical   ccohofnii  to   vijilcl
next gave ttiy attention.
The. general retiHt
rived st and whi■-
scritd as a guide
studies, can be
IH making
er men .entrain voluntary
of their
ever stafc-a^ieSy has rea
tive ioTtmisr£i±~i--■--:..
Different  stages  of   in
duce different relations.
The totality .of
lations'    constitute
structure and basis'
Upon this basis
litical sttperstructu
There are certain
tonscfOn*m***ss"' of *"c-«l.**d ^pwblic
opipipn which , corrpsptpid ., tP-jAtf
basis.   ""   '"  '   *•.'■--•
The method -prewling in *s«y* society oi producing, the materia! livelihood determines the social, political and intellectual life of" men in
It is not primarily men's consciousness* wlitth d«*!Tih'ldes tft"ei^'ittb«e- df
life-, on the contrary it is their social
life which dcten
"TtuTSTsn antftgcoicii growing out of We d vi'f expect all the rentiers to
the circitinstances in which men niM-r^v. -.11 %vc say%a!! the tittu-. l\f
inust live who take part in social prV ,,e no* picturing the beatitudes DM
duction. °' '',H' a(*vai u£fM oi """K •otwtl.lng
But   the   productive   force-       hid), for  nothing  ii    -> be  abb   lo  do   it
are developed in the lap ot  cat. it..'.*-*! j yonr   way—il   von   can   get     by   the
siH-iety create at the same ,'ntr    ihe■ ul'ramnnne giaphttel
material   conditions  needed   io;     tl«*»*| -.
abolition  of  this  antagonism.       Thi
capitalist  form  of society, t.K.-iui*
mtb br*xigip;S-faose thit fycl-- 01 th
'nislory olliumari  society*  is
The   Indianapollt    mayor's
r    ' -ice   >f  pride In  being    a tiitn.ii
, ,i-'ti     iva-t   tllowtl   111   the   .ipp«''nt-
n*tt-- i       pt-j.it-<->n of honor .md trust
oi'hum'iit society, is t h;i**.j
existed under the various iui ins of ex- \
ploitation. , .. v-     * rj ->
— o	
Old Shylock, in his time, demat tl
ed in*, poufei oi .Mb,
Premier 3Jiii»»ti»iiir. bd'^a K  '
Commission, declared:     "The  mine
are mine; can 1 not do as I like  wilh
my   own   property?      I'll   clost     n*
r**4ns*!far tear year* ii.ncceiw-u-y   .- .   -h
— (to Marvin-,- the slaviit int.> ml;*      j
tion.) "■ •       ;■;••■      ■}
Now    comes     i..    "tal
Linossy,- of   the" ■O't.v
mines,   with   the   anno in ..rent   th; I
"the Fernie mines Will t m;.     closed-
for six years rather than ttt   lit    t<
closed shoo principles."a       1
All   of  which   goes  to   pr
rtitu-ffltn*.**! land ■ soundm-.,.-
Socialtst position.
So long, as the   w,   Were
to leaving the  owneis.iip oi
I resources and their means o
the hands of ind'vi uals, to
.  .1 rn. ■' .--it.nl opponent Ol or-iani"*-
-*,' labor uirt ihe one nttsttbdr of the
'ocal t.-p' thet.u- who has pot in the
■reater   . .irt   of  his  time   in   r-ndeav-
■ *  t . disrupt      the      typographical
miion      Mavor   llt-okwallrr  rode    to
rci on  his union card, but seems
to rave forgotten hU obligaiion   to
1 it "wrong .-1 brother member or s«*e
im   wlonged." -H.   F.   Wltitnker,  in
, po. Journal.
Most•*"*v-r (THE "RICE OF THE WORKBR8'
Ot    .lit
nat 'al
lift in
ssary |as  capital,  the  a
*" "  the owners is P
Btit-tft«- tl.
po*m. asddktev vi
votjn fi
of fro]
r.'de   asfjircti   Dy
o j,.u..<'flr lijit term
±r       _erliif,wi>e,?..d(*p-
mai eo##el|eiisiofc \
Mth&iat, Jth* ce-fgt-
tive ownership ofMsiiei. .tr*t r; Action vfor,'.:usek 'as r-**»ir,.a fspMa. -t
ownership and proJuctit    tot '
If the latter form of - owi.crship
has failed to.supply the neils arid
rcciti'rertienfs Of the trling ri.*i«.-t,
what's the -matter with trying the
former? -  ■   '  .-
Th*jj^)C|aJis|f \10ne -.fcatd fo'-jsOch
a policy.
Make a not* .' f'lis .^r next election''day. j
' fa
Say« |oc Maiden, Sl. Paul, Minn.,
in i.ie November Typographical
Journal: During the year ending
June 30, 1906, an average of twenty-
six, persons were killed and 2V^ injured daily on railroads in the United
States. Three-fourths of this ruthless  slaughter  is  without  doubt  due
to the lo:i>i hours worked by railway
v-mployees. Corporate greed is a
greater menace to our land than for-
< gn war.
■ tal u-iti—— •*-1—'—^tJ~
REC   k.D.
B,   C.S
old  conditions  ol
use a legal expression, with the   old
projpertv .rtdations,. under.^ytkkb Jhest,
forces nave hitlierto been exerted:*^
Instead of serving longer as insti-
come hindrances.. Then begins an
epoch of social revolution.
! With the change of the econornic
baiis the whole vast superstructure
undergoes, sooner or later, a revolution.
In considering such revolutions we
must always distinguish clearly between the change in the industrial
methods of social production on the
one hand, this change, takes place
unconsciously, strictly according to
the Taws of natural science, and might
properly be called an evolution.
And on the other hand, the change
in the legal, political, religious, ar-
tittical or philosophical, in short,
ideological institutions; with reftr*)
ence to thesgnMBiVit outs^jPfteosS
flict as a MyjfuIrK conali&y <£
their opposing interests.
This conflict tskes the form oi a
class struggle.^
As little as *we Judge an matv.Ti
by wl-*** rai-c&glMStii'fcut
little H
tionary e
We must rather e:
sciousness cut of the
men's industrial 00
the conflict existing "between tne pr<
ductive capacity of social industry
and the legal institutions, under which
"Ws ikdiJsrry'I*tarried 'on.t*"""'n
.. A itS^ty*. ,»rP W«er M»t M fpjnx
may be, is never nroken up until all
thei ptoducrtive pfiware. ass davoLepji
ed for which it is adapted.
•t-Ntw tmd hiPeV'*fscdsll*instiffurl?Ort'i
tlfstmhaxcbeen prepared in .the, lap
of the old society itself.
I'Towefore/'manlrind nerer 'sets' !fof
ittcU any tasks, except those for
wWcV V ha. mSfti" tilt prcJpef
pinjng,aBd,,w.liich.it js..able.to nay*
••'If-we examxte-'closely, if Will* oil*
ways .be fptind that the conflict it-
self'-r/eVey-'aViM's exce^V,*wtter'e" ttt
^•atfipL/JPadUifiis. of .&. r,..*t|olj*tion
are already at hand, or at least in the
p.r^s 9itimh ,x Mij M-ujj
we may in wide outlines cnarac-
tcriz«„tho.. Asiatkj .,thei,,Mtiqua*. the
feudal and the modern capitalist
methods of prodBetion'ts a"l(e3tle\e.:bf
progressive epochs in the evolution
° T^fesVrfal relations arising cut
<4*#& Wl1*'-81 method of production constitute the last of the antagonistic t4orpji,«/,, sftoial p pfpdMctjjpn;
antsgonistic not in the sense of an
antagonism     between      individuals,
The  Vancouver r"r»treetjrailwaxmcp»       .   -.
.Vn.o«1|«|Tl^«t onjr ..****,*&\.^xj
each   general   meeting,   for  tne  dis-1.
•"the Socialist vote,"   ;.ys T)r
mon F. Titus, who will  speak
 n Seattle nnd
le one.   I
*-  —Jl' —*w
as.*    ,       **- Te
AO .lit ptil j is
" with the Su
party vote of six years ago,
which was exactly 96 ballots in Se-
attde,* we have-nothing to be ashamed
A representative of the master
p-intors sailed by the steamer Empress of Ireland last month to bring
skilled hands from England to 'replace thc strikers.
Congress was so much engrossed
with the consideration of the "free
seed" bill at it* last -session, that it
had no time to devote to the discussion of matters looking to thc improvement of thc condition of the
laboring classes.—Commercial . Tele;-..
graphers' Journal. Thc member!*, of.
Congress wefe not elected for the
purpose of improving the conditions
of the slaves. Their conditions arc
now quite as good as thev tjeji vc4 it
not a little better. If'slayes will
persist in remaining such anytnirz.it
^ood enough for theni. i
general   meeting,
cussion of politiesr*--*----
Whin vou have -.jrde up your min I
to join the Socialist Party of Canada, clip out the application form,
elsewhere on this page, fill in, sign
and forward to jthe Secretary of yotir
nearest Local.
the recent general convention of
"nited Brotherhood, of Carpen-
an<! Joiners, held in Niagara
lai';*, N. Y., the first departure was
made from the. former, rules govern'
intr election of officers. Nominations
were made by the convention, but the
election will be by referendum vo»r
Owing to the necessity •Jrf.cVe--
ing as much ground as possible .. he
least-space", "News and Views' .t
insist on correspuiwlents'borling aown
"WHAT     PLACE     DOES     THE
A v riter in The Carpenter cites the
erst   if the  accused 'officers-of  the
i.iajai. uu wiicsiitjutimts   uimjii.k  ^xjxxxi    .,,     , ..    , ,  ...
their copy. The Clarion's circula- n«tern I-ederattoii of Miners as option is now Hearing the 4,000 mark; , •eJ*?ift* °^the JleWT\°rl( *°u"
which places, it. beyppd. the stage of 1 "urdert-r Harry K Thaw. He
a "loJ" paper..Condensed nA >. a* :" * n?v* rcad o{ **V sP«*ial
gfcnflra'aartOcst  Is; thetefort    .hat
is needed.
Vancouver Local, No. 1, S. T. uf C-
has   admitted   some   20  new    rim-
bert in as many days past. . Li'tif- I
ness .meetings   are  being  well     11-
tePd««.        •-• *'*        '•       t
labor.     The sure winner is the ballot op election, day.
——— 0	
AMhbur/h -«a6rgihfz*Jd, ' m-'tis
cleaners work above the scale, ar
dp not have- to skip suckers,' eithefj
ru eit-r serving meals to the union
men Irt prison, nor have I read of
them favlng brusselt carpt. on their
cell floors, or dainty silk curtains tc
hide tl.em from view, nor dp tbey
"■leen on fine feather beds, and smoke
?«*-ceut cigars. And yet this man
(Thaw; committed a most deliberate
and ct-ld-blooded, premeditated, hor-
ril.Je murder, witnessed by a lafgc
gatiitrinir of people, while there is no
c.Je.ice of the guilt of the union
men except that of a confetsed mur-
'•■rci, who was kicked out of his
union for utter depravity. And yet
I have thc first newspaper to tee
which objects. Judging from the
tone of thc press on the two cases
things are as they should be and
justice (?) is being done in this equal
and no-class country."
Still the same papers boast of from
100,000 to 500,000 circulation each)
and knowing there are *-o few Thaws
and so many millions of Haywood.,
irrftist sayjs:"""'lUabor-sa^
ing! machinery is a misnomer. ., ft
Siva's money, but lightens no man?
toil". FPT "»aving" read "displac*-
'The figures of the bureau of labor
say  that the average value  of    the
yearly  product,  of    the
workingman  ir $2*400.
Thc  same
ic' employer lets him keep one dollar
for evefy six M ctcates. What pro-
fiteth it a man il' he' receives $10 a
day in wages if he has to spend it
all, and then go in debt, to live? It
isn't what. you are paid; it it what
E;ft*tve,'l**f(,,4^ Wjyfpfg »pf<ro^Hr
ont necessary to a decent living.
>ke up, brother I
"We, farmcrt, intend to keep our
! wheat" thia fall until tlie; grain buyers
will give us a dollar a but-hel. We.
are inaugurating the policy of the
trades nrtlon m the factory—simply
demartdint out rights without which
we refuse to work—refuse to tnrti
over the products of our labor unless
we. are  paid  for that labor."
Very « I! if ws can do it.    Possibly a t-Vilumii or so would be needed
I., prove that we shall-be aMe to get
the dcltaf.    fiui we will aifttstne that
«t   shall   be  able  to  force  the  grain
capitalist to give us .1 dollar a bushel
f.-r "tir whrfll •bef.'re-aiiwHn'r-li-ervest.
Hut tnat is not the end ol the story!
11  wc can. force them tc pay ns a
dollar a bushel, why ii"i demand two
drrllaet a hitthelt.    The wheat is surely  worth   ittHt.     Think  of  it!     We
prepare  lhe  ground,  sow  the  wheat,
harvest, thr.--.li anil nmil it to market,
taking all  risks of    weather    in    it»
growth,   or  otic  dollar a  bushel  or
about  one  and  two-thirds cents    per
1 . ...'pound.     Tlwn  after it hat been  run
through Ihe null we seem willing to
pay Iwo and  ihrec-fourtht cents ana
more tO get it back at flour.     Is   it
wtrtb   one   and   two-third  cents   per
lb to |>r->dmc the w*eat and two und
three t|«arler cents per lb. to simply
run   it   through   a   mill.     Surely   two
cents  for  producing and three ceols
for  malting  would    be    much   *****
PsrhtWS we do not demand two dollars per bushel bettuse wc fear Ihe
Capitalists wihii.. more turely, more
tlitit.kly ait.l more boldly raise prices
Of what we have to buy of them.
When we have forced them to pay
ns a dollar for wheat, they, have ytt
other cards to play.* They set the
price of Hour and bread. They tct
thc price of farm machinery. They
determine the ease with which money
may bc borrowed <^r credit gotten.
Ah! my farmer friend! in this game
where we lahorcrs play with the capitalists ior stakes, the cards srs all
•It Hiu.t .ic so! Think of the conditions "n'Te labor began its fight
for its r-ghts. Compare the life of
the laborer then and now. The wages,
thc hours, what those wages wouiu
buy in goods, how much is produced
in the tan.e time now, the freedom
from worry, anxiety about lots of job,
chance to become educated, cultured,
prospect ior comfort in oid age, the
leisure to enjoy life, etc., etc. Remember also that a laborer now can
produce from ten to one thousand
times -iSS much as then. For tuch ha*
been tlie advantage which inventions
and improvements of machinery have
secured. Why have not the laborers from ten to one thousand times
as much as was possible then? The
lards must be stacked cr they would
The capitalists who own these machines do have thete advantages. But
because of such private ownership of
the means of life they are able to not
only control legislatures and courts,
but can rlx prices ol everything the
laborer consumes and the wages he
is paid and so the worker—either by
hapd or brain— never gets by that labor airy more than a liviHg—iume
times decent,"-sometimet not..
Thc miners of Pennsylvania in ifWg
secured ah .increatc-of ten per cent,
in wages as the result of their strike!
Within a year prices of goods at the
com pa iy s stout' Had idcreated 20
lief cent. The capitalist mine-owner
cams out on top as usual, but many
of tht miners thought they were ten
per tent ahead.
One dollar a bushel wheat may
mean that grocers can tay "You are
getting so much for your wheat you
'can turelv afford to pay cash net*.
It may mean another machine trust
and a jump in prices of machinery,
or it may be more indirect and mean
a raise in price of tea or fruit, sugar,
clothing or hardware for the.capitnl-
ist class know, what we laborers aro
so slew to learn, that it is a war we
are engaged in, and to they know
enough to hang together. The grain-
buyer is nearly always intcrcttcd in
railroad stock or tome other big industry, and if he docs not rsite the
price pf flour the prices of shipments
will make other products higher or
the goods in thc other industries can
be put at a higher selling price in
order to pay that dollar on wheat.
We control the land; that is all. Until we also take control of ALI. the
industries in which profit or interest
rob us of our full value for wheat,
etc., how.can we expect to force the
class who do own all these induttriet
to give at what is. rightfully curt. If
they give ut a good price when we
; "H to them, remember they are ture
to take from ut a good price when
wc buy from them, ny controlling
industry for private profit they have
the power and who can blame them
if they use that power.
Thc Society of Equity will help
temporarily, if the farmcrt can and
will hold tight enough together. You
sec. it can not succeed, permanently.
Oply Socialism can do that by abolishing the profit making, eapiK.littic
system.—S. I*
.       M-.   ...        . .,    Q.     ,         •
thi use ct the machine.    So long as
heris such a stupid dolt as to give his
consent to another owning
that he not only createt but operates,
cajjlatt while the cwner of the machine wapl*. tc i4»t;.hjm,, ,Uppn close
observation, Bryan's wisdom resolves itself into garrtilout tommyrot.
listened to a Socialist tpeech
Mueh of Mr. Mortimcr't
Iry -snarls fVdm ignorance i.f th-T
■jwaa-a-aaM      sti-srla,      aaa      * I. _       _   l__ '    \
To the Elitor of tlve Western Clarion:
Would you allow mc space to reply
to ihe disparaging statements regarding the British I-abor Party which occur in the course of a letter by John
T   Mortimer to the Winnipeg Voice.
which you accord such importance as
to reprint in the Clarion of October
In the first place, he tcllt us that
thc members of the Britith Ubor
Party are culled frcm half a dor.cn
parties, all claiming to represent labor. Such ignorance of the composition of the party st once disqualifies
iMt. Moriittier as a reliable person to
talk on thc tubject. Its thirty members are drawn cxcluttvel*/ from
tradct unions and the Socialiat Independent I'arty and are all opposed to
any .cn-hUiicc of an alliance with
any of the old parties. Perhaps Mr.
Mortimer's mind hat become confuted
by associating the farcical Liberal-Labor I'arty with the distinct Labor Party. I may tay here that thit Liberal.
Labor   Party   (contuting    of twenty
7iembers)  it the counterpart of the
.abor I'arty now proposed for Canada.
Then Mr. Mortimer says:    "What
On earth have they attempted — far
lest accomplished—in thc intercttt of
the working   clatt would take a microscopic eye to detect."    It would be
a still more difficult matter   for the
wilfully blind.     For this gentleman's
benefit  I will menttc-n thc following
works of the Labor I'arty in its short
first session:     They forced the Liberal government to abandon their own
Trades Dispute bill and adopt that of
the  Labor  Party.        Thia bill gives
Immunity to trade union funds snd
(nakcs peaceful picketing legal during
Jtrikes.    They nave done everything
(tossible to force the government   to
do something for the unemployed.    A
tmall gmnt ot rtnoBcy wawmade for
that object, but  thc chief gain wat
that the state's responsibility for thc
unemployed   was  established.     They
alto introduced a bill for thc feeding
of underfed school-children which is
likely to be pasted.    They succeeded
in  havintr  a meaturc   patted in the
House  of Commons  prohibiting  thr
importation  of  aliens  during  strikrt
lo take the places of the strikers Thit
wat thrown down by the    House   of
Lords.     It wat thc agitation of the
Labor Party which caused the government to cancel the proposed vte.it of
the Britith fleet to Russia at a time
when our comrades there were fighting for constitutional liberty      They
have  been the  meant  of .redresting
some of the minor grievance! of the
workers »n Britain.     Whenever    oc-
- cation offered for striking a blow for.
justice at  home  or abroad they did
not. neglect it.    They have done all
that a reasonable, unprejudiced nun
would   expect. of  them   when    their
position is, taken into consideration.
They are but thirty in number against
over,six hundred capitalittt cr capitalist-minded   M.   P.'s, also the proceeding! in the British parliament are
Intolerably slow and cumb-rrtomr, and
more tc* when measures, favorable to
the workers and of necessity ditagrec-
able to thc vast majority of the members, are under consideration.  Then
in the way of progress it that bulwark of capitalism,  an irretpontible
Houte of Lords, whose astern mutt
be obtained before any measure can
become law.    Those in a better position to judge than Mr. Mortimer admit that the Labor Party have exercised an influence in the caute of the
workcrt out of all proportion to their
numbers in the Houte of Commons.
Perhaps the.greatest good resulting
from their.presence there it that in
thc account of parliamcnt't daily proceedings the great    capitalist    daily
newspapers    have    to   include   . the
speeches of Socialists and tabor men,
thut placing the Socialist and labor
standpoint before a great man   who
never   read   Socialist   literature   or
1    I I "' !',"', . jil
AmiriTr trnusm.
First Claws Bar.       Kawatettt aooaw.
grets made in the education VlPlS
lines.    Soeialtttt in Britain h»v, i
travelling the "hard, weary €nd £$
though jure, road of tim S&
the  working class," winch our rV
rade talks of, for many ylars     .."■*
result that the trade uiiiont „. J
sufficiently advanced m their it|c ,
to make a union with them and Cm\
ists possible and profitable to b-X
To those "revolutionary' iiUiUn \
the S. L. P. type who tueer at such a
union I would point out that i,ttmM,
the mother country oi Scci»lit-a n,
finds that nothing decisive can W tT
•ected without the co-operation of £
trade unions and  ttepi   towtrrh '
working agreement  are iq pro«J
The same necessity i» being left „
France—all pointing to the witdoa ol
the move taken by the Sociali-ti
Britain.    But British Salaliti* i, m
pill their faith lo any -,t.-h ttptjSj
tary party to uthc-r in tht &«p2
tive Commonwealth.    Their c»n*p-in
of Socialist propaganda
A synopsis of Com. J, G. Morgan's
excellen*  address, delivered in Van-
Jttver at i-tst Sunday's propaganda
m cting, will appear in this department next issue.
Amongst the many chunks of wit-
Moyers and'pettibones, the" writerT ' ll°n*' th" have:'faUen front the blow-
at a loss I > account for the patronage P'PC of William Jennings Bryan, the
that keeps uch newspapers alive. following it of more than average val-
D , . ■ . .,' ue. Says Bill: "The producer has
enormously multiplied his capacity,
but so'far'the-owner of the machine
has received too much of the increase
and-the laborer too little." The "increased capacity" referred to hat come
to the producer, because of the machine which has' increased hit productive powers. If the increase of
wealth resulting from the application of the machine to industry should
not properly belong to the owner of
the machine, we would like to know
who it should, belong to. It would indeed be a fine state of affairs if the
owner wat called open to share ithe
benefits arising from its,. use, with
tome vagabonds who were too shift-
let's lo acquire its owncrttiip tortheth-
helves. In pur humble Opinion the
laborer has not received ' too little"
of the increased wealth resulting from
By thp way, Mr. Wage-earner, is
yor- name on Uie voters' list in the
constituency in wht<-'i you are now
' Now that the workers-if the Slates
hav re-elected a republican Congress,
they may be: assure*! «f Having their
interest.*, well looked' fcfter tot the
next two years. They are a wise
lot, those workers.
mgly oft.    They have --inte an Umi
oi organizers and  lecturer-   ,„   .h'.
field. .Every town pf mw m- irt. u,
branch of the 1. L. P. or S. ]}, p, -j*.
hat a  weekly    (sometunei   ohtsM
open air lecture in the tmnrner am
indoors in winter, am] the .,,!,.  ._;
Socialist.books, pamphlet*, nnd |.-:.,;'.
ical.a increase with leapt ami Uma.
Freedom of the ttrerts   is   enjojei
there to ari extent quite ouknowi) ■
"free"  America.    This i* (jrcat!* tt
part due to the preteme ul nun* y..
cislittt on the town sad city cossdk
Some other  of  the  wild talk u>
dulged in by Mr. Mortimer in hiilo
ter,' ir hardly worthy <>( aotkc, boti* I
the outcome of bit frantic efforts t
discredit, the propositi   1 ,1, r I'mj ■
here st tbe expense of the one a
Britain.    1 hope I have mcceedij.-.
showing that compariton of the t»c
is out of the quctti.m     lie uyi tk
members ol the l-atuT 1'art-/ m Bnt.
sin arc nnsblc to definr ot agree dim
their sitns.   Trade uniooitti in |w
sin, I. might inform him. are 111 fntl
of the narnonalitatton nf trrtiei oft
rosds snd other public utilities, stil
he  would only pause   to think, Vx
Mortimer mutt  admit  lh»t mtcrr-n
common to Socialittt and trade -.i. •■■•.■
'ists of advanced view* arc mnamo-
able, such at those he mentkrat ji
having been introduced mto the Its*!
ith Colurnliia  legitlattirt   bj  ow Ss
cisbst comradct there.    I mt-tht ata:
rcmiqd him that several    I tht !:.4t
nnion     repretvntatrves   are   .titrtri
Socialitts, while their fe!!■■»■*., if rns*;
Socialittt.  arc  at   leati   1
caltsts     I need noi comment
prejudiced    and   base!!-1-   'titr-tent
that "their press    is to (tiled   em
crimination   and   recrimination, wnh j
jangling peraonalitics tin-
tie space   or time io enlighten tie ■
worker, etc." or thrir   tine -sat at- ■'
copied principally  by religHHM tel-
ering."    Thit latter part 1 »appoie<i|
fert to yhe iBstDitJon in parlitsiid
on the Kducatit.n bill, m whica  :«
Ijbor l^irty. with, 1 believt, r.nr «•'
ception, stood for tectitlat edtKttiBt
What   we want  In a ■'■ -■'•■ w«  ;»
not • dnptay of verbal Ktrworkt M
solid, unbiased, reast.iniik-  bated  al
knowledge of (acts
Youri in the cause,
Htmillon   Onl., Nov. yd, 1006
Second Hand Dealer
A Urge and vsried ■'-
torttnent of Heater and
Cook Stoves, at bedrock prices.
Boom Chain, and Loggers' Tools a Specitltj
New Iron Beds   from
Hsrdwsxs. Junk snd FurniW- j
U7I        VMCOSttr, 1.11
Practical W
aod Shot ***
HaaMt-Hade Ouotaaar) 8h.-r. to artrrn
•llatT-ea.   Repalilna prefapll) """J
-     - Mock  of atsi.1*-  trtxly***
always on Hurnl
Aw        ■»Hl
-raoairr SALRO ■
.QlllCK KhTl R*'*'1-
Cor. Abbott m, Cortteramnta. Old Cos. Building
COKE lo on excellent foci for grates, hall  stoves, furnaces
cooking stovss, making i ebon, bright Aro without smoke or dirt
ViRCouver Oat Cwi|itfly( Ltd.


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