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The Western Clarion Mar 3, 1906

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 JHE  WESTERN  CLARION
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday, March 3, 1906.
Sabacrlptkm Price  ai A A
fnvus        91.UU
RADE UNIONISM, NEW AND OLD
Ths Philosophy. Ethics an! Limitations of Wage Combinations
Within tho Present Structure of Capitalist Society.
What is a Trade Union? An or-
-.uni/ation confined to workers at u
certain apnelM track' or line of work'
Mich as printing, railroad engineering, etc.
What are the objects of a 'I rode
l-nion'» TO make the liest possible
Kul»i of Uie labor-power of Its mem-
iM.rs To K'-t Uie largest amount of
wages for the least munlier <>f hours
"what is an Industrial Inion'.' An
..rgniii/u'ion of workers at different
U*dm and lines'of work such us the
defunct Unitad Brotherhood of Kail
wu\ Kinployees, tlie Socialist 'so-
.nli'sli Trades A 1-uJ-oi Alliance, the
AnM-ri. un Ijabor Inion and tie- d-
tl,is ,.( 0x0*9 wrecks now known us
thi-  Industrial   Workers  of   th*! World.
Wluil an- the Objects <•' an Industrial Union?
Sutiic as the Trutle Inion,
Have Trades I'nions beep su.'restful'.'
I mler    certain    I ircunistances, and
following a c*-rtaiii  policy,   Ves •
l.t
of  the   ,-ntire
sue
from    the standpoint
ft,,iking class,  No!
Huve Industrial  I'nions been
ceMfttl?
No'     Not from any viewpoint.
What  are the circimiHtur-ces and th.'
policy  that hnve -wrured Trad.    L'n-
ioo su -cess?     To answer ttlis     tfics-
tmti  fairly,     ond  has   to   review    to
tomu extent    ihe   laws that govern
■ b.- prodttction and sale of comiaod**
lies     To the Socialist the following
propositions are beyond diapote.   I.11-
t,„,  power is a commodity.
ih,, . *, iiuiig»- vnttH' or avarage
price ol any romiuudity is del.-ririin-
,i| tt) ih. aiuounl of socinl labor
tunc n>-*-e»sarily ends-died m iii
produi t nm.
The average    price of  lnlior  isiWcr
,,|   ttl»fc*e of thn" Itsjhorei   is just  the s,,-
i:ial  lalior   time expemled  in   prodne-
.ii-.  the miniimun    amount oi  neons-
suries  nxruKite     to sustain  the  laborer  who sell* th*' lalstr power     I/a-
bor power  like pork,  heaus.  oi    any
other    cotnmtslity does not    always
«*ll »t its average price.     If the supply  is    scant as compared  with  the
U«ii*ut..l,     the  price -punk uIhiv.      tin-
average,   if  plentiful,   the price   rules
low.     A  printer or railroad engineer
th*** not  ie-.il  uny  more  to   sustain
life than a section man.     Vet  he receives more when he has n jol>.  an.I
this he achieves through a isil-ty  "i
his Trade  Inion.     Coders tam I ing  to
some extent   the  workings  of  OCOttO-
111 ic law,  or  feeling instinctively    its
operation,     the    trade  unionist,   like
the trust magnate, sets til-lint    ,> .
to make his particular brand of commodity    scarce.       He plun-s nil   ol>-
struction possible in the way of thosii
•.king  to  !«arn  the  tra<le.    He severely   limits     the number of apprentice*.     He  Uses a high  standard   of
skill and rules out  all  tho**' who do
not 1 ..list* up  to  it.      He places    prohibitory  initiatory  fees.      Hi* refuses
to work with those whom he hus «•>-
isu'iisi from joining his  t'nion.     He
leo-uuratea  lhe sent intent   that   when
lie leaves his Job dissatlsn.d with his
renditions     that   no  one—no   matter
what hi*< r-.-c.-swiii.-t may ire. dure ar-
"»PI it    without    risk of his oppro*
brioiii threats.     In short  he puts i
the "iu, admittance"   to the hopeful
young   .,*(,     hunter  fain   to  lenrn    a
trutle, and all others he can without
damage to himself.   Keep out  oi his
'"arket, pa-sacs llieni on t0 the other
trades,  who do likewise in   turn   tin-
til they reach the fierce jungle strife
of the least skilled class where trade ■)
unionism cannot  find a  foothold and
where the prit-e of lalsir-IKiwvr  is Is-
low the menu*.. for just the amount
the more successful  trades unions are
above it.   Therefore, THE SICt'ESS
OP THK     TRADE   INION   IS    AT
I'HK EXPENSE OP THE REST OF
Till, WORKING  CLASS.
Vow, if the nlmve |*e true of the
Trades Inlons. one will rcodilv s-e
how the cndustHal DntOn such as the
I W. W. cannot succeed because thev
liropoee t„ adopt as their policy hist
the tiMirse that the Trail.- Unions
•■glit against.
They propose to take in nil ami
sundry'. There is to Is- no ohstruction to'learning the trades. No prohibitory initiation fees. All workers
«'( whatever degree of skill are io hc
enrolled. They will even take'in the
"nee/ployed Job-hunter—IF HE CAN
I'AV HIS DUJD8, etc.. etc. And yet
with even all then*' disadvantages.
<hey might do something IF ONLY
THEY OOllNfl MANUFACTURE
MORE .lOIIS. But thews the rub.
They cannot make one Job more than
••>e needs of capital call for. The
lenders of the I. W. W. can itinko a
■"l of things beautiful, wheals, etc.,
but they cannot moke a job. A
glance nt the industrial world shows
■ess jobs in sight. The concrntra
•'in and its consexiuent simplicity 0'
. "l-eratiori, the adoption of more-por-
'«■♦ machinery, the 'curtailed mar-
^ts S|l munn tho displacement of
Jnnny workers'at present employed
■'he rtaatyo anny of tho unemplovcd
(Tows apace. An army whose des-
Ifratn necessities, say "Work on any
''•rtns." who will sell their labor
I«»Wor despite all tho sent I mental ap-
l*nls or opprobrious threats of both
'rail., and industrial unionists, Ah!
bill, says tho industrial unionist, we
"hall strike m masse. We shall on-
u^*;* ■*trtWJ,of mich large mnignl-
«uda- lhat tha unemployed army, no
'■le^ar now lanjii, cannot  br*'ak  it
Admitting for the moment the possibility    of such  a fantastic conception,   tho -.ink.; en  masse raises  the
problem ol  strike support,  with   nobody working.     The- sectional strike
of tho trade unionist has, as a rule,
only listen maintained for a lonsr period because other portions   of    the
trade und  other  tratles,  remained at
work, and    supplied    the sinews   of
war,  as,  for  instance,   the  last   great
■ •oul     strikit     when    the hit.uminioui
miners    supported      the     anthracite
workers.      What  a il liferent proposition  this year  when  thu most heroic
exertions  of   the  mine   workers     can
.nily ruis.- a  fund  sullli i.-ni   to     lu-ep
them  in    Heml-slnrviition  for    about
twit   week/i.      Hut   the   itulustrial   im-
itiinsi   points  to  the measure of nut-
rt-ss oft-times attending the politicul
strike in     Russia  and elsewhere     oh
justifying the existence of tin* indtit-
trial    union.      There is   no unalogy
belwnun  the   two  movements.       Thev
«fk  to acroni|ilish  two tmtirely  dll-
fer.fii   things.     One is feasible under
certain  circumstances,  uml  the  other
entirely     iiiiprurt icable.     'I*he   imbli-
tal     uttik.-i   uusU-s  no   time  bUoWng
Ihe      wage-market.        lie     six-ks    lo
strength.-n und  increase his grip   on
the public    |.nwer     and prevent the
massing of 1 loops, ami pnraly-e.  the
Mpransive ftmrtions of capitalist ajov-\
erniii.-nt wln*n b«- is making   sutji    a
move.     A  slrik*:   umh-r  certain     cir-
tiiiiistnnttn. an<l for such an objoctive
may Is- succi'ssful   but  does not   necessitate in any respect such u wagi-
liurgaining organi'tition as the I. W,
W.      Pbe political  strike,  indeed,  is a
inoventent   thai  only  the political pr-
-ranizetion  of  the  work Ine  cbv-s ran
guide successfully.   According t-> H*->b |
IU«»I—one of its stronirest  a<rV'Sat.M
—th** pttlitical  strike is only  f-iu-ibl'.-
when  the workers are thormifjhty  saturate*!   with   the   revolutionar.'     Socialist    propaganda.     It  has b!wo>s
uroven     disastrous     when   attempted
before  that   time,  or l<d nrsl o'timn'-
ml   by   the  coinmrslity   si-lling    spirit
as  in   tin-  t-ase  of   the  last      g aero I
slrike  in  Itelelum-      Hut   yet     :i-»aii<.
says our I.W.W   fritswl  "we are  laiibl-
ing an urgnnllnlloi  to run  th.-     industries  when  we lui\>-  taki-n     them
OSW "        IKs*«  ihe  training ae.|uiretl
in   a     wnge-tkirifiiininir   orgiini -ition
fit  one for      the  tusk  of administration1    Verify,   no.      It   trains    them
only  io dicker for  the sale of   commodities   when   co-miivHlity  sab- shall
have     ceased     for  ever.     As  a'readv
ably  ptMnled  out   bv  the  Editor     of
the Oari<in,  the ciewlitirms of   modern  industry liintls  Uie workers—whether  they like it or not—in just    the
proper  form  for  running  the    industrial     plants,   and   that   changes    ui
ownership can ts- ami ar*' mad<- without   sto-iping  pr.iilu. tion for one minute, or.  Indeed,  the workers kruiwin t
anything  about  ii.     This brain fan-
tasv of the I   v. w   adherent is like
a man striving Ui arifiiire eomethlng
hjf alr*«tly has in his poMBMion, Rut
when    ell     the farts  are marshalled
senilist     the  industrial  unionist,    ho
still  hus one  resource.     He   (fuotes
Marx   wrenching  n  i>lirii«> here     and
there   without   reference   to   the    context.    The most   Marx ever  sail     in
favor of    unionism, either trade    or
iiwlusiiiul   was   that   if   the  proletariat  tut), not  the courage to fight   to
maintain   their   wages   in  the     early
stages     of     capitalism     they   would
thereby prove  themselves lacking   in
the t-uulilies  ttOCSMtaary  to initiate an
einaii.'i|eUing      movement.        Rut   he
Ituve them no encouragement t4, rou-
tiniw1 in that   line,  instead  of    which
he  wrote v«*heiia*eitly  against   it.   The
best     they    could hope for was     to
iiiaintaiin     the    conditions  they  had.
the future contained nothing but disaster anil    th'feat     on    the economic
field.     Then   again,   the   proposition
"Thnt   a  reise  in   mbajm  wins  a    tlt-
crmas*' in ]<rofits," has reference only
to  'he  individual  capitalist.     ll   has
yet to lie shown  that the   capitalist
class us a whole were ever conil>ellel
to  surrender  one  rent   of  surplus value hy reason of  truth' union action.
Then again,  the proposition "t.httt  ;,
general raise of wages meant  „  ovii-
wal docreaaa in profits," did not say
thut    tin-    truth- union could accomplish such a general rai»«', but rather
lhat such 11   general raise was dopen-
*lcnt iiiKin a  condition of the   labor
market in which thero were more jobs
than   mon.  SUch  a  condition  as     we
have not. hml  for  longer  than 1   can
remember,  nor are likely   to have in
Ihe  future.      Further,   to   those   who
are fond    of  quoting Mnrx on   this
matter,    let me quote the substance
of what lie says elsewhere'    "What is
theoretically  true at  one    stage     of
socinl development  may bekintrue at
another  and     later     stage."     When
Marx put  forward the three propOSj-
tiosis found  in  the laNt  chapter    of
"Value.     Price and   Profit,"  he  was
sjieakiag of capitalist  society in  the
competitive stage.     We are now well
Into   the monopolistic  stage.     When
it, shall have bis-n completed will am
fatuous  trade   or  Individual   unionist
dare assert. "Thut  even it a general
raise in  wnges  were consummated, it
would    not     lie    oiTsct  by the   price
charged    for    the    tommodities  the
workers    would  have to  buy  hack."
The principle  thnt   monopoly   goes
on when fixing the price of Its commodity is ""All the traffic will hs««r,"
and a general raise of wages woubi
simply mean that the traflic   would
hear that much more.    Yes, but says
the Socialist. 1. W.  W.  adherent,  we  not sell at all
must show our sympathy in the eco- | 'closed ahop.'
nomic struggles of thc workers.  Permit me lo say that a more general
diffusion of knowledge and less sympatic- would work out better.
Maudlin sympathy on the part of
Father Gapon lid the Russian workors to a shambles whnn the better
knowledge of the revolutionist would
have sent them armed to the teeth
and able to strike back. 1 lew ure lest
other huckstering priests do not lead
the fool I.W.W. to lust such another
dis&iiter. If 1 have any surplus sy,int
pathy to distribute it goes to that
section of the proletariat from which
is recruited the strike-breaker sod
"scab" rather then to the comparatively prosperous unionist. "Hie attitude of thc latter gentlemen to the
rest of the workers is well Illustrat
id if one will suppose, a parallel
case. !>-t us suppose a number of
shop-keepers in a city sellin" onions.
There are u few buyers. The *f>ies-
tion of price is debuted between onlv
u small number of the onion peddlers anil the buyers. The buyers offer seventy-five cents it sack, the pod-
tilers want a dollar. The buyers
turn to the others when the first
Isinch—the unionists—intervene, saying sharply, "You must not sell to
them ut any price. They muft buv
of us. You just stand by ami do
not (under pain of our displt-utftirei
sell to them at any price. Wh.'n we
have sold ours, why, if they want
any more, you may be allowed to
sell yours at a dollar if wc enre to
allow   tbe 'open  shop,'  but you can-
it we decide for    the
The above etnbodU-s thc ethics of
unionism both trade and industrial.
It ie the ethics of capitalism, at
once selfish, brutal and ignorant; t
ethics that no sane well-informed Socialist can endorse for a moment.
What can tie urgtxl in support ol trade
luiionisiu can be urged in favor of
savings banks, insurance, building &o-
Biet.ee, and such like capitalist expedients for keeping one portion of
tho working class pitted against the
other, and it would be just as logical to advocate thc Socialist Party
attilialing with these institutions as
with the unions, trade or industrial.
A successful union has no use for the
Socialist movement. What conditions the union, does not condition
the revolutionary movement. Thc
beat ti'-lil for propaganda is first
amongst the workers outside of the
irlitons; second amongst, the debris
of OM that has just been smashtMl
in a fight with cupitul. To encourage workingmen to identify themselves with organizations thnt can
succeed only b.v discrimination and
blackguardly conduct against the unemployed victims of capitalisl society is morts thon foolish. Tt is positively criminal. The sane Socialist
cannot, if he Is- true to the revolutionary movement, do else than adopt a critical attitude toward these
organizations the same as he would
adopt towards any other prop antl
pillnr of capitalist society.
JOHN T. MORTIMER.
St.  Vincent, Minn .  Feb.  19.   1906.-
THF WEEKLY LEGISLATIVE GRI$T
Election Deposit Reduced to $100 - Eight-Hoar Snelter Bill Defeated by Narrow majority.   Some ot tne Arguments
Offered Pro and Con.
i
IH
EIOHT-HOUR   SMELTER   BILL.
Is narrowly Defeated on Second
Reading After a Keen Debate.«<The
Ijcader  of  the Opposition  Changes
His   Attitude.
Shall Our Brothers Be Murdered?
Beginning at the Coeur d'Alene in 1897 a reign eA. lawless violence han
lieen waged by the capitalist class m the Western States, One phase of
which was the unparalleled series of outra'i?es perpetrated tugeinst the la-
liorers ,,f COtorade. Throughout ihis conspiracy there had been continuous attempts N, crush the lalwir organizations of the Miners by scekim-
to foist upon ehem the crimes committed by the capitalist conspirators
ihemsHv-'s. Every one of these attempts has failed. In spite of suborned witnesses ami terrorized himI corrupt juries, ever" case has ended
in complete aco^iittal. The failure of the conspirator's diabolical schemes
has filled them  with desperation.
The renewal of theee outrages in the present arrest of Charles H. Mover. Wm. I). Haywood and their associates marks the culmination of
this conspiracy. The secret arrest, illegal deportation, and general criminal character .of all the proceedings marked this as the first step to
railroad these innocent men to the gallows, in the hope of thereb-
breaking up the nun. nl working-class organizations and put tine an end
to all resistance to tyranny.
We tleclore the arrest to be the result of a conspiracy perrheditated
by the capitalist pirates of the west. l.*<| by^the mine owners and hacked
bv the Standard Oil Co. The latter hud disposed of Heinze of Montana, as an antagonist of its interests and found only the radical organizations of the working class left _ to oppose it, To put Moyer. Haywood and their associate* out of the way would efiectuaUy clear the nelrl
for their brutal reign under the black flag of piracy. And this is the
evident intention o4 1he gang which has pursued our comrades mercilessly  for years.
Shaking for the working class and the revolutionary working class
movement, we accept the challenge in the name of freedom and will
meet this outrage as it ought to he met. by calling noon our comrades
to confront these debauchers of government who cry "To hell with the
constitution!" and resort to even- desperate means to intimidate and.
as the present situation show?, even to murder our fellow workers ami
comrades, who have never i-een proven guilty of a single'offense chare-eel
atrainst  them.
Read the statement of one who was instrumental in kidnapping our
comrades and separating them from their homes and families: "The
officers of the Western Federation of Miners and those who were implicated in the secret  designs of the leaders  will  never leave Idaho  alive."
The Industrial Workers are herein called upon to prc*pare for such immediate action as developments in this latest criminal outrage may
warrant* firsi, by a series of mass indignation -meetings, not to pass
meaningless resolutions, but to net as becomes men conscious of their
rights and determined to maintain them: second, by starting a defense
fund, contributions t0 lie sent to National Ileadipiarters of the I. W.
W.,   148 W.  Madison  Streel.   Chi.ti   o.
lt being evident that the Standard Oil free-llooters have taken the law
in their own hands, nothintr remains foi us but meet them upon the
ground ami with the weapons of their own choosing. Workingmen of
America,  lie prepared  to act. (Signed:)
WM.   E   TRAFTMANN, CHAS. O.  SHERMAN.
Oeneral  Secretary Treasurer, General  President.
Industrial  Workers  of  t lu- World.
Chicago.  Feb. 20th.   1906.
OBSERVATIONS BY SPARTACUS
One Thing and Another Touched Upon by The Winnipeg Scribe.
One of the daily papers states that
during the coming season buildings
to the value of flftnen million d.ill.irs
will lie erected in Winnipeg, and this
is exclusive of residences md it ires
but it is safe to say that n year
hence the workers will still be living
in the same old shacks.
»   •   •   •
The  Standard Trusts Co.,  "one   of
the youthful  financial  institutions of!
the country,'' has just issued its an-,
nual     report.        In    this  report    it,
shows  that  its  paid-up capital     has
"earned"   14|   per cent., of which 0J
per    cent,  hus    lieen  paid  to shareholders    in     the    form of dividends.
Companies of  this stamp have     not
their   capital   invested   in    industrial
enterprises,    but    reach     out for   a
share  of   the  plunder  already    taken
from     the     workers  nnd    ready    for
"dividing    up,"     of     which    process
"finuncial     institutions"    are     pest
masters.     A corporation 'is not necessarily a direct employer of lobkir.
•   •   »   •
Whether « corporation employs, labor directly or Indirectly «i is popularly accused of having no sou).
The bowels of compassion are not
in its anatomy. When workine for
an individual or small firm the employee can interview- the employer,
state his grievance and count on
being able to call into action the
feelings of humanity iHissessed by Ids
pmsploycr In common with us all and
if not affecting too much the profits
of the Isisiness, he may lie reasonably sure of having his grievance
righted. Not so, however, with tho
employee of the corporation. He can
only reach some official whose' Job
depends upon keeping the expenses of
his department down to the lowest
notch and who keeps whatever feelings of humanity he may possess
buried tn his breast till they rust
from disuse antl no longer cause him
trouble. Tht shareholder must have
dividends and short is the shrift o(
any who dare to imperil them. Tho
shareholders seldom or nevei see any
of the employees of the corporation
and generally know nothing of the
bUeiMM in which their money is invested. UndaT these circumstances,
capitalism stands forth naked in all
its shameless brutality. No longer
exists the kindly feeling between the
individual employer and his employes, between man and man, which
covers up the clank of the chain, easing the burden of wage-slavery ami
oftiines rendering it a pleasure. The
line between employer and emplovee
is drawn sharp and clear, antl blind
Indeed are those who see not the
warring of class interests.
e    e    e    •
From'lime to time we come across
descriptions of some of the effects of
our glorious, heaven-sent civilization which reads as if culled from
some Socialist, publications. An article in the "Western Home Monthly,j' gives such n description. The
owners of this magazine, the Stovel
Company, of this city, nre just now
engaged in doing their utmost to
prevent their employ**1* from obtaining the eight-hour day. yet they
publish the following in the article
In question:
"But business v?ry easily becomes
a slaveholder, a tyrannical master.
six or eight hours  a day is   plenty
(Continued on Cage Two.)
There has been no more in teres ting
debate during the present session
than that which took place on Mr.
Davidson's Bill to regulate the
hours of labor in certain industries.
It was rather interesting to note
how many members who had opposed thu Bill lost year lack**! round to
its support on this occasion. Foremost, among these was Mr. J. A.
Maedonald, the astute and cautious
Leader of the Opposition, whose defense of his course was most ingenious. The fact that the Bill was
only defeated by 19 to 17 as against
24 to 12 in the previous year, would
seem to show that it is growing in
favor with the voters of the province . whose desires can be fairly
well gauged by the actions of the
members as election time draws
nearer. It was rather unfortunate
that three Government supporters
who voted for tbe Bill last year
were absent the other day, or the
Bill would in all probability have
carried.
Thc- debate, on the measure on
Thursday last, was continued by Mr.
J. H. Hawthornthwaite. He said
that it was practically the same
Bill as was introduced lost session
by himself for the purpose of enforcing an eight-hour day in smelters.
The member for Slocan. (Mr. Davidson) in introducing the measure had
pres-nted it so fully and ably, and
with argu ents so conclusively in
favor of-the Bill, that there had not
yet been presented on the floor of
this House any arguments against it
to show thai the BUI should not become law. About the only argu- |
ment used against it was that the
smelter owners did not want it, so
that the only question ihey had to
consider was whether the wishes of
the smelter owners or those of the
men should prevail in that House.
That     was    tbe issue clearly before
them;     and   the result would   show   	
whether the    wishes ot  the    Bn^tor,ir.'liZir"0irmore
owners    dominated   the Assembly orr^^^w
whether  the desires of the   working-
men  were or were not to be considered.
"There is," he continued, "a great
deal of misconception about the regulation of the hours of lajbsor by law;
and many members are of the opinion that such a retrulatian is injurious to the trade and commerce of
the country. A Bill to fix a minimum wage or to limit the number
of men to be employed might be injurious, but this measure was not injurious because if the hours of labor wx're reduced by the House to «.ny
considerable extent, the employers
could get even some other way. We
cannot by legislation upset those
great unwritten laws of competition,
and supply and demand which gov-'
ern the industrial world todav. If a
law of this nature is placed upon th>-
statute books of this or any other
country.v the employers can, if they
wish, nt once start to get. even bv
three methods, they can either re-1
duce the rate of wages, intensify lab1-
or, or introduce improved machinery. The laborers cannot improve
their financial condition, because the
owners have in the past, and will
continue in future, to sret even with
their employers so long as labor remains a marketable commodity.
1 jist year we passed a Bill in this
House to reduce the hours ot labor
in coal mines, and what do we see
in Nanaimo during the past twelve
months'.* The employers there used
the three methods I have mentioned
to get even. They reduced wages,
they intensified labor, and they introduced improved machinery to do
the work of men. But they have
overdone it. Men in those mines today ure driven like slaves, and so if
this Bill becomes law the owners and
employers have the remedy in their
own hands, and from an economic
Standpoint things will continue in
the same way as before."
He added that he would not go
fully into the Bill as the matter
had already been pretty weM discussed, but no man in the House
who hail any conception of thc condition of labor in British Columbia,
could doubt that this was a Bill
thut ought to liecome law. "1 have
myself." he said "seen men toiling
along hour after hour amid poisonous vapors and in pouring sweat,
and suffering practically untold agonies:1 and so far as these capitalists
who own these smelters arc concerned— these men who are living in New-
York or Montreal, and other places,
and are drawing their wealth vam-
phv-like from the fleah of theseWorkf
ingmen—- what do they care? These
men will never move a finger to re-
tnedv these grievances.
We have been told again and a train
bv certain members of this House
that these men have their-sympathy,
What «ood will that do? They are
now asked to decide by their votes
whether these men shall have this
law OT whether they shall not. That
is the position and what co fort is
it to the workingmen to tell them
that thoy can have the sympathy
of members of this House, but they
cannot have their votes?. In this
connection  I would refer especially to
the member for  Hossland  (Mr.  Maedonald)     who    has   more  frequently
than anyone else in this House taken     that     stand.      Time  after  time
when I have appealed to him to Mipi
port measures of this kind,   he   has
got    -up and expressed his   profound
sympathy with a Bill of this nature,
but he  would not vote  for  it.     He
has told the House that since     last
session he has taken active steps to
bring     about    a settlement  of    this
question between the employers   and
the men,  and  by his mediation   has
brought     about   a  condition   of    affairs in which eight-hour laws are no
longer needed.    He says he has himself approached the smelter   owners,
■nd told them that unless something
were done  towards  this end  legislation     woulti  have   to   be   introduced;
and  he  takes credit  to himself    for
having secured an eight-hour day in
some of  the largest smelters   in the
province.     I  do not  think  that anv
credit is due to him.     In fact it   is
most  <|. •creditable to him   to   think
that if  this Bill should be defeated,
though I-  do not think it will   he. nm
honorable member of this House will
bc more responsible for it   than   the
member for Rossland.    in  the action
be has taken in thia matter.   He has
simply invited every  member of this
House,     on    the paltry excuse  that
some relief has been already   given,
to    vote    against the measure.     He
says these people have already, bad
their  grievances    remedied,   but    the
fact is that the bulk of  them   have
not been remedied.     It .has been stated that there is no grievance now.
That statement is false,  or at   least
absolutely   incorrect.     The    workers
in smelters    generally  have not   an
eight-hour system.     1 know that   in
the Ladysmith smelter which is near
my    own '  constituency    they work
some men 11 hours in the day, and
13 hours at night.    There are   only-
two  smelters in  the  province,    that
of Qranby    and Oreenwood smelters
that      have    adopted     this  system.
(The experience of the latter smelter
prott-afcly accounted for the change of
heart on the part of the member for
Owenwood.)       Every    other smelter
worked their men from 9 to 10 hours
Mr. Fraser (Grand Forks) pointed
out that the Britannia smelter south
of Granby only worked the eight
hours.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said that so
far as was known to him, anyhow,
only the smelters that he had mentioned had adopted the system. He
hoped his information was incorrect,
but there was no reason to believe
it was. The member for Greenwood
said that this sort of legislation
created terror throughout the country. He could well understand that,
for there was never an evil-doer or
scalawag yet but was terrified by
humane legislation.
Mr. Brown—I never said that.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite— No. 1 ben
vour pardon, when I come to recollect, it was the member for the Islands (Mr. Peterson), but it came
from the Liberal side,  anyhow.
He could fully sympathize with the
Liberal members in the House, who
seemed to toil and sweat just as
hard as these men in the smelters
as they strove on the floor of tbe
House to reconcile their opposition
in these measures with the principles
of their party. He did not know
what would be the result of the vote
on this Bill, but he did know that
the labor men ot British Columbia
were watching as they had never
watched before the actions of members on that (the Opposition) side ot
the House. The gentlemen on the
other side were sent down professedly- to serve the interests of capitalists and keep things as they were,
but the Liberal party was supposed
to be there in the interests of reform. He did not know which way
they would vote, but he knew that
their actions were lieing watched b.v
the workers of the country, and .was
confident that nt tho next election
thousands of votes would be cast in
favor of measures of this kind. (Applause.)
Hon. Mr. Tatlow asked for the pri-
vik*aV> of making nn explanation. The1
member for Nanaimo had said that
regulating the hours of lafciSr did not!
affect the trade and commerce of the
country. He would like to ask the
members of the House whether they
had ever seen it that any attempt
to regulate the hours of labor had
not affected the trade and commerce
of the country in a most disastrous
way. The hon. member gad admitted that in Nanaimo it had hud that
effect.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite objected that
the gentleman was out of order. He
was not only making misstatements,
but he had already spoken once on
this question and hail no right to be
heard again.
Hon. Mr. Tatlow said he only
wished to explain certain statements
made by tho member for Nanaimo,
and the speaker allowed him to proceed
Hon. Mr. Tatlow—I want to pro
tost against legislation of this kind,
and I say it is not in the best interests of the country nor even of
the workingmen themselves. I know
the honorable member will sav that
I have prehistoric  ideas  (Mr.' Haw-
'? Pi
\.f
: -i
jt-
.   ¥
■:.
?'•!
y
(Continued on Page Tone) TWO
-**U
THU WHfilMRM dUWOH, VAHOOUVg-ft,   JftffiBB COMMitti.
SAtWtbAV,
-  *W  a. H>0fl.
m» I
ihSJi i
v,   ■
:#!
Ihe Men Clarion
Published every  Saturday in   tha,
movants of the working class alone
at tha Office of ths Western Clarion,
flank Block basement,  165 Hastings
atlWet, .Vancouver, B. C.
8UI8CRIPTI0H :   $1.00 PER ANNUM
Strictly la Advance.
Yearly subscrlptloa cards fa   lota
of ftva or more, 75 cents each.
Advertising rates on application.
If yon receive this paper, it is paid
lor.
Iisrtiam al! communications to
The WESTERN CLARION
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
363
Watch thia label on your paper. It this nunMan* is on it,
your aubacriptloa expires the
aaxt issue.
SATURDAY,
VICIOUS ATTACK.
box, bottle, vessel, wrapper or
cover in which said patent medicine, proprietary medicine, 00s-
trum or specific is put ur is conspicuously labelled with the word
"Poison" and with the rwne and
percentage of the poisonous ingredients.
3. No person shall sell, expose for
sale, or have ready for sale, any patent medicine, proprietary medicine,
nostrum or specific containiia* more
than ten per cent, ot alcohol by
weight, unless thc owner, conpound-
er, proprietor or vendor of such patent medicine, proprietary medicine,
nostrum or specific shall have obtained from the Provincial Board of
Health permission to employ more
than ten per cent, of alcohol in the
composition of said patent medicine,
proprietary medicine, nostrum or
specific.
4. Any person contravening any
provision of this Act shall, upon
summary conviction before a Justice
of the Peace, Police Magistrate, or
Stipendary Magistrate, be subject to
a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars and costs, for each offence.
5. In any prosecution for an Infraction of the provisions of section
3 of this act it shall be incumbent
upon the defendant to prove that he
has obtained the permission of the
Provincial Board of Health, referred
to in said section.
6. Nothing in this Act contained
shall be deemed to restrict in anyway the provisions of the " Pharmacy Act" or of the "Poison Act."
7. This Act shall come Into force
on the first day of June, AD. 1906.
o	
'ARBITRARY POWER.
The Attorney-General of the Province of British Columbia has made
a most vicious attack upon business
incentive, initiative, thrift and industry by the introduction of a Bill entitled "An Act Respecting the Sale
of patent Medicines." The Bill proposes to prohibit thc sale of poisons
to the guileless sucker, who perchance
fancies be can procure an appetite, by
pouring patent nostrums down his
gullet, or eliminate the aches and
pains from his internal anatomy and
the rheumatism from his joints, by
judicious applications of L-ydia Stink-urn's compound or Badway's Ready
Belief, except such poisons be labelled in letters plain and large so that
the aforesaid U. S. may understand
what sort of death dealing dope be
is monkeying with. It goes without saying that such indiscreet use
of the word "poison" will tend to
frighten the less courageous suckers
into shunning the dangerous dope,
and, as it were, passing by on the
other side, without purchasing. This
will tend to destroy trade and discourage the development of that business sagacity, initiative and thrift
that are among the chief virtues of
present civilization. This infamous
assault upon the long cherished usages and practices of commercial civilization should be ignominiously repulsed by the wise men at Victoria
and the proposer of such a ridiculous innovation meet wilh severe rebuke. Let us preserve inviolate the
glorious privilege of selling to the
guileless ones anything and everything out of the sale of which an
honest penny may be turned in the
shape of profit. While fools exist,
who are so extreme in their folly as
to believe that their bodily ills can
be cured by copious draughts of
cheap alcohol and vile drugs they
ought to be poisoned, and to supply them with poison considered the
most honorable of trades. Another
reason why the Bill should be knocked tut is that if it becomes a law
tba doctors might be worked to
death in the fool-killing business. It
the patent medicine is allowed to remain in the field, the M.li.'s labor
will be lightened. Re will only need
to lay out those who escape the bottle, or prove too tough for its contents.
At any rate this governmental interference in private affairs is to be
condemned on general principles. Under Socialism, everything is to be
regulated by law, at least we are so
told by the wiseacres. Let us hold
test to the freedom we now enjoy
and make the most of it while we
hang on. Out upon the dastard who
would interfere with the selling of
any old thing to the sucker who
might be induced to buy, no matter
if it kills him on tbe spot. The v*st
majority of tbe human race were evidently intended as suckers by the
creator of all things. It is flying
in the face of providence to interfere
with such a plan. The Attorney-
General should be ashamed of himself. The Bill is as follows:
An Act Respecting the Sale of Patent Medicines.
His Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative
Assembly of the Province of British
Columbia,  enacts  as follows:
1. This Act may be cited as the
"Patent Medicine Act,  1906."
2. No person shall sell, expose for
sale, or have ready for sale, any patent medicine, proprietary medicine,
nostrum or specific intended for Internal consumption by human beings
that, contains chloral hydrate, ergot,
morphine, opium, belladonna, or any
of their compounds or derivatives -,
cocaine or any of Its salts; acetani-
lide sulphuric, sulphurous, nitric, i
and    nitrous      acids,    —,—    ♦*"
Feb. 3, 1906. On Saturday evening. Feb. 17.
Charles Moyer and W. D. Haywood,
President and secretary-treasurer of
The Western Federation of Miners,
and Mr. Peitibone, a late member
of the Executive Board, were arrested iu Denver, Colorado on the diargfc
of complicity in the assassination of
ex-Governor Steunenberg, of Idaho,
Kestjuisition papers were signed by
tbe Colorado Governor before the
arrests were made and the accused
men were hurried over into the State
of Idaho on Sunday under a strong
guard of Idaho and Colorado odi
cials and other thugs and disreputables employed for the occasion.
in taking these men from tbe jurisdiction ot one state to that of another in this arbitrary manmi*r without a hearing or an opportunity of
defense, is in contravention of all
law, custom or usage, and goes far
to show the utter contempt for flaw
and order" that is held by the very
class that so.often and blatantly invoke it. Such conduct goes far to
prove the contention of the Socialist that law is merely a Question of
power, and every occasion or emergency makes its own regardless of
what may have been previously written upon parchment or established hy
usage.
lt is such arbitrary acts upon
the part of tbe ruling class and its
hirelings that is breaking down and
destroying the superstitious reverence,
for the law that has long caused its
victims to quake with tear and trembling at Us invocation.
It will by no mnsnn be surprising
if the Idaho officials railroad Moyer,
Haywood and others to the gallows.
ilt is probUbly easily within their pow
er to do so, and no ruling class ever
scrupled at murder to protect its
material interests and perpetuate ito
rule. The present ruling class in no
manner diSers in this respect from
its predecessors. It is as blood-thirsty, cruel, brutal and merciless as
any that have existed. (Before it. This
is something that should not be overlooked by those who would break
its rule.
A circular entitled "Shall our Brothers be Murdered?" has been published and scattered broadcast by
an organization-known as the Industrial Workers of the World, calling
attention to the brutal outrage perpetrated upon Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibone, and urging dpon all workers to come to their assistance in
such way aa events may determine.
The circular as issued is reproduced
in another column. It has the right
ring, but its appeal will largely fall
upon ears that bear not. If them
men are done to death by the ruffians into whose hands they have fallen, it is sate to say no resentment
will be offered by their fellow-workers outside of a few resolutions and
puny protests. Tbe slaves will still
cringe and crawl at the test ot their
masters and lick the hand that
wields the lash lest they, too, should
lose their precious Uvea. All such
outrages would be impossible in a
country peopled by men.
The query, "Shall our Brothers be
Murdered?" may be confidently answered in the affirmative. Just as
long as we are guilty of the folly of
persisting in fighting in'a field where
the enemy possesses all of the weapons, many of our brethren will 'be
murdered. When we have sense enough to carry on our warfare in a
field where by virtue ot numbers we
hold the power to legally deprive the
enemy of its instruments of repression and implements ot murder, our
brothers will stand a reasonable
show of escaping with their lives.
In those struggles which break out
in tbe industrial field it is next   to
tha' impossible    tor the worWogioen   to
avoid placing themselves in a position where tho emp.oyers cannot persecute them because of their political
opinions. Every opportunity is afforded to make it anpaor that they
are guilty of destroying property or
committing murder, and they thus
fall victims to the brutal class instincts of their rulers by being arbitrarily imprisoned and oftentimes
losing their  lives.
Let our brethren in all linos of
work avoid at all cost engaging tn
ithese ridiculous "economic struggles," and centre their efforts and
activities upon a conquest of the
public powers to the end that the
murder of workingmen at the hands
of the thugs and rutniana of capital
may be stopped.
It is not a question of wages or
hours tif labor, lt is a rfuestion of
the absolute control of iu »'vv by
the working class. This in.H,i«» the
conquest of the public powers by
that class either peacefully at the
polls, or by such other means as the
circumstances may determine.
'    o
DOMINION  ORGANIZING FUND.
The Dominion Executive Committee
has decided to call for funtie to be
used for the purpose of pushing forward the work of organizing such
parts of the Dominion of Canada as
have not yet lieen ranched. There is
a vast field to be covered whith will
of necessity entail considerable expense. The necessary funds can. however, be obtained if I-oculs, individual comrades and friends wili take
the matter up by gathering and forwarding such contributions as may
be forthcoming. As soon as Use ra*
laiisite funds may be gathered it is
the intention of the committee to
arrange trips, for one or more orgon-^
izers, covering as large a section of
territory as possible. With energetic
action in thc matter of raising funds
■and .rudidious application of the sunn',
by the committee a much nemk-d
work may lie carried out that will
bear fruit in future election campaigns.
All money received for this bind.
will be used solely for the purpose
stated. The committee, at its meeting on Feb. 27, appropriated from
the General Fund the sum of 136,
to be applied to the Organizing Fund
All money received for this fund will
be acknowledged through the columns of the Western Clarion.
Dominion Organizing  Fund.
The following sums have been received to date:
Dominion Ex.  Com  82.YOO
Local Toronto         5.00
Forward all contributions to
J. G. MORGAN, See
551 Barnard  St.
Vancouver,  B.C.
unless
VANCOUVER LOCAL NO.   I.
The regular weekly business meeting of the above Local was held at
the headquarters on Monday tn.-n-
ing. Feb. 36, Com. Flowers in the
chair, and Com. Arnason acting a*
recording Secretary pro tern.
The minutes of the previous meet
ing were read and adopted,  and     a
warrant    authorizing     puvmrnt     of
$2.50 tor rent was ordered drawn.
A letter from Local No. 10, re election in Victoria was ordered filed.
Reports were received from the
Programme Committee and Committee on Ways and Means.
The secretary was instructed to
write Com. Cloak of Bellrnghaui.
Wash., with a view to having him
speak for us at a future date.
The financial report which showed
receipts for the week ■,- follows was
adopted:
Collected at Hall    f 3.20
Dues        1.75
Special Donations         2.00
Balance of dance      14.20
Literary Sales 10
Total
$21.26
PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE.
Vancouver, B.C. Feb. 27.—Present
Com. Stebbings, chairman; Morgan,
Pritchard, Wilkinson, Org. Kingsley
and the Secretary.
The minutes of the previous meet-
big were read and approved.
The following communications were
dealt with:
From C. O. D. enclosing $1, for
Organizing Fund.
From 0. Ray ner, California, enclosing $1 for Organizing Fund
From Fernie re standing of the late
Victoria Local.
From Republic, Wash, from member at large, enclosing per capita
for due stamps.
Following warrants were ordered
drawn: To the Dominion Ex.-cut.iv,.
Committee for supplies, $6.90; to
the Secretary for postage, $2.00.
Under the head of New Basinet* it
was moved and seconded that, the
Secretary be instructed to notify thc
Vancouver Local of any member of
the Executive who is absent for
?hree consecutive meetings.
Receipts.
Sifuamish Local  $6.60
Member at Large      1.00
Total    $7.60
W. H. FLOWERS, Sec.
o
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE   COMMIT
TBE.
Vancouver, B. C, Feb. 27.— Present, Comrades Stebbings, chairman;
Pritchard, Flowers, Wilkinson, Organiser Kingslay and the  Secretary.
The minutes of the previous mooting were read and approved.
The following correspondence was
dealt with:
From Toronto Local enclosing tlie
sum of $10.50 for stamps and supplies, and monthly report. Received
and complied with.
Fro Claresholm, Alta., Local enclosing $3.00 for stamps and monthly report. Received and complied
with.
From Dawson, Y.T., Local enclosing $64 for Russian Revolutionary
Fund and monthly report, Received
and complied with.
From Ladysmith local, concerning the Socialist candidature in Victoria.   Received and filed.
From Winnipeg Local, enclosing 50
cents    for    supplies.    Received and
compiled with.
From Fernie, B.C. Local, enclosing
$9 for Russian Revolutionary Tund.
From Toronto Local, enclosing $5
as a    donation    to    tho organizing
Fond.
From Com. B. Welch, Red Lodge,
Alta., concerning organisation in
that district and enclosing 86 cents.
Received and complied with.
Resolved that an Organizing Fund
lie opened, and thut this committee
pose.
appropriate   $25.00 for   that    pur-
Receipts. __
Toronto, stamps and Atppilee JlO.f-O'
Claresholm.  stamps, etc        8,00
Toronto,   donation        &-0K
Winnipeg,   supplies 80
Rod  Ijodge,  Alta  83
Total     118.85
A warrant for $Uf» was ordered
drawn to lhe Western Clarion for
one thousand constitutions.
Adjournment.
J. G. MORGAN, Sec.
551 Barnard Street.
Vancouver, B.C.
. o——	
OBSERVATIONS BY SPARTACUS.
(Continued From Page One.)
Of  time to devote  to anv, one   business."
Further on we get a desenptiou ol
lhe effects of this slavery:
"If all the business slaves in uny
city should Ut iiuirshallcd out earns
day, and paraded up awl down our
streets, to be viewed by the lazy
aristocrats who make such slaves
necessary, what an army tlu-y would
make.
"The sleepless politician would be
there vainly trying to npiiet hi« outraged nerves with tobacco anil mixed drinks. Thc i*ior preacher would
be there, with his bent shoulders and
flabby muscles, picking hie way
along absent-mindedly, his pule face
disfigured hy his ceaseless writing of
lermons that no one cares to hear.
The merchant would be there with
long columns of figures which he is
vainly trying to add up in each p
way as to make the balance come in
his favor. The overwork*.! rucchan.
ic would bc there, who, IIKCAUSE
OF IjON'G HOURS AND POOR PAY
lias learned to hale his vocation.
Thu busy doctor, the successful lawyer, would be there, groaning under
their burdens of over-work, while
hundreds of others of thc same profession have uothiqg whut.-ver to do.
•'Then would come tt long array of
common day-laborers, whose faded,
ill-fitting clothes attest the poverty
in which they live. And last but
not least, the multitudes of washerwomen, scrub-women, wbo Is-gm to
work in the morning when the real
of us sleep, and continue to work
until after wu are asleep a-flum. They:
receive the poorest pay. the meanest
food, wear the cheapest clothes, for
all ot which wc give them a ehee
Christmas  present  once a year.
"What an 'Uncle Tom's Cabin.'
could, be written about all these people! Tbe slavery of ante-bellum
days cannot compare with this sort.
There is no time for these slaves to
'hang up the shovel and the hoe,
and lake down the fiddle uml the
bow.' These slav.-s hi»np up tbe fiddle and thc buw long ego, and will
never take them down again. For
these people no emancipation has yet
risen. Their emancipation has not
yet been declared."
And further on.
"One of the rooet degrading forms
of slavery in this world is slavery
of wage earning.
....
After Uiis more or less strong Indictment one would look for a radical remedy io be suggested, A remedy ia suggested, a remedy that
shows the article to have been written by some mental prostitute of
capitalism.   Here it is:
'/Every life might be noble if only-
each person could grasp the truth.
The truth is, we are children of a
king. We are all heirs to a divine
birthright. This life is but a short
pilgrimage to try our mettle. Every
hidden virtue will finally find open
reward. Every secret trial bravely
faced is sure to meet complete recompense. Thie is the truth of the
matter, and this truth rightly comprehended is able to make everyone
free, free from despair and pessimism
free from cynicism, free from all the
poison weeds of discontent, that
makes life a thraldom."
When the "sleepless politician,"
the "poor preacher," the "overworked mechanic," the "common day-laborer," etc., have grasped this
"truth" all will be joy and slavery
will disappear, but, unfortunately,
this fancied "truth" needs „ deal of
explanation, and no two people are
likely to agree as to Its meaning.
The Socialist's remedy, on the other
hand,■■■■m-anatty explained and easily
understood. It contains no mythical "king" nor "divine birthright,"
whatever they may mean, but states
that thc slavery being caused by an
Idle class owning the means of
wealth production, the remedy is for
the working class to setae these
means of wealth production and produce for the use of the workers Instead of for the profit of a set of
idle parasites.
SPARTACUS.
PHONE  A1676
Employment   and   Financial Agents.
Real   Estate   Experts and     Business
Brokers.
Room 9, Miller Block.
22 Cordova St, Vancouver, B.C.
j, Edward Bird,   A. O. Brydon-Jack
Geo. E. McOrosean.
BIRO, MVOIN-JAIK A McCltOSMN
BARRISTERS, BOMWiOKH, Mt,
PLATFORM
==a-sss=r
Wowtcits of the Would Ukite"
Tel. 829. P.O. Box, 882.
324 Hastings St. . . Yancouvw, B.O4
I   ■sssiiiti»i^s«s'i-f >■■■■
We, ths Socialist Party of Canada,
ln convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of tbe International revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, ami to
labor It should Justly belong. To
the owners of the means of wealth
production belongs the product ol
labor. The present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all tho products of
labor belong to the capitalist class.
The capitalist is master; Uie worker
Is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
in possession of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights In the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist system give* to the
capitalist an ever-swell intr stream of
profits, and lo the worker an ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
degradation.
The interest of tbe working class
lies in the direction of netting itself
free from capitalist exploitation b.v
the abolition of the wage system. To
accomplish this neceasltatesi the
transformation of capitalist property in the means of wealth production into collective or working-, lass
property.
Ine Irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating In a
struggle for possession of the power
of government-—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This Is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all work-
era to organize under the banner of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working class, as loll own:
1. Tbe transformation as rapidlv
as possible, of capitalist property In
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.) Into tho collective property of the working class.
3. Thorough and democratic organization and .management of industry by the workers.
8. Tbe establishment, aa speedily
as possible, of production for use
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system is aboltabad,
make the answer to this question ita
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the interests of
the working class and aid the workers in their class struggle against
capitalism? If It will, the Socialist
Party Is for It; If It will not, the
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to It.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledges Itself to
conduct all the public affairs placed
in ita hands In such a manner as to
promote the Interests of the working claaa alone.
APPLICATION FOK MEMBERSHIP IN THE SOCIAL.
IOT PARTY    OF CANADA.
hereby  apply  for  membership
I,     THE     UNDERSIGNED.
In Local
 Socialist  Party  of
Canada.
I recognise the class struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e„ possession of the
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Socialist Party
of Canada only.
Applicant	
Address	
Occupation	
Age	
Citizen..,   . -.	
Admitted to Local 1»0,.
 Chairman.
 Rec.-Sec.
The modern state Is the Insti-*.
ment through which the capitalist
class maintains its control ot production and Its ronsor-tu-nt economic
dominion over tlie workers.
. o ■
Union  Directory
Whet* They Meet; Where Thee Meet.
gay Kerry U«h.i I'iiI-m- lu thr proelD.-r i. ,
.ilr.l lu place . cnl under Ihu htsd. fi.ea 1,-,
month.    SecreUriee ple.ee nose
 —— -        '        ■ . j^
Phoenix Miners" Union, No. |,
W. F. M. Meets every Saturday
evening at 730 o'clock in Miner.'
halt. V. Ingram, president, W. a.
Plckard, secretary.
Ses si >n»^«
Socialist Mq
■——e
g**r Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a earl
under this bead. |1.00 par month.
Secretarial pleas* note.
BRITISH COLUMBIA PROVINCIAL
Executive Committee, Socialist
Party of Canada, meets 2nd and
4th Tuesday in each month. W II
Flowers. Secretary, R. 3.. 2m
Prior Street.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMIT
TEE. Socialist Party ot Caaad..
meets every 2nd and 4th Tuesday
in the Month. .1. O. Morgan. sW-
retary, 551 llernard Street, Vancouver, H. C.
LOCAL VANCOUVER, NO. 1. 8.K
of Canada, nuaiaasu- meetings every Mocdsy evening at headi-uar-
lets, Ingle*! le Block, 313 Camhl*
Street, (room 1, second floor.) ta
ucattonel meetings every Sunday at
8 o'dock p.m., ia Sullivan lla.ll,
Cordova Street.
D. P. MILLS. Secretary.
Bos tM, Van. ouver B. C.
LOCAL TORONTO - Meets 2nd aad
aad 4 th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Bathurst St. F. Dale. Secretarv,
41 Henry street, W. O. Ortbbtr.
organiser, 180 Hogarth Ave.
WANTED: by Chicago wholesale
house, special represent alive for
each province In Canada, Salao
$20.00 aad expenses paid weekly.
Expense money advanced. But!
ness successful, position perruameu
No I a vestment required. Prr-iotu-
experience aot essential to engag
lag. Address
General Manager, 182 Lake St.
 Chicago, 111.. U.S.A
De    Witte*!    cabinet is    going   lu
pl.t el.,   as a  retail t   ot   the continue
repressive  meastures     of   the   govern
ment    u-ralnat     the  workingmen.     s
numls-r  of the  member* of the tain
net   have  already   reel-find     M»ni»u
of Communication.  Nentchaieff, io resigning,  declared that he did eo   be
cause   of   the   Impossllillity   of   mntr
taming    the    railway ami telegrapl.
service  while the police  were jaiiinv
ih«> liest  and most  intelligent of Ui
operatives.     It   may  In  »7me    dawn
upon  the fiar himself that indu.tr'
cannot   be run  without   workia-niusi
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"EST   IN  H   C
t u;rv^7 }A*WH>AYi
  Mb. ft, iBOfti
provincial Legislator
(Continued from 1'age One.)
niornthwnlte, "Hear, hear. ") Let
,, t,u no 1 am ipiltu ]<i'.t|utrnd to
stand by tbo-ai ideas. 1 think eucb
measures u* these arc not in the
,„hI inleieHts of the province, oik! il
ihi* legislation l» Ptteti it will havo
iiionI 'diHttrtlnxiH olUtvt on Ihe nilri-
't\,a and Other iisluMtrUw of Britiah
I'liliniiliia.
in King, of Cranbrook, who had
voted against lhe iiiil the year be-
!,.,-,., announced his intention of iup-
porling it this time, alhee the priii-
, |pie bad been found to work out
successfully  where it  had been  tiieii.
Mi. V\. C, Wi-1Ib, the luuiljjeiuiun
from Ooldcn, who is uoually to lie
ic.mitl on the side ot lho capitalist-.,
ralhar wirprlHed Uie House hy lakinK
the wiuio -(round.
Mr. Maedonald, the lA-iider oi tho
Oppoaitlon, Nuid Mr. Hawthorn-
ihwaiUi'a (*vage attack on him wtu.
ijiiile  iinde-iervcil,      Ile had  attCCOOded
m •■el-mulling   on«    of the   largest
Milliters  in   tho    province  «o    adopt
tins sytiieiu, und havang <lone h.i he
iinl nnl ass iv by he hhould Ih; sin-
i-l,«l  mil     ior  a     virulent   aHai'*    of
ilns kind before everyone ei*... it.-
had always believed that the l.igi*.-
Intuii' bad ii riifht to interfere antl
regulate tne houm uf labor where
man or women were workine undar
conditions jn,iint>u-t to Matth, tn un
in ilu- caae Of the nejaira .^ho were
working underground miei t.nli.-tilth, and depressing ' mditinn. fli.-yi
hud a ppi'-tlcnt for th.it in the li»c-
i.iij Aot* In the old country und
other plucen. lb- objected to the
lull nf  I11-.1  year,  ln-cauai- he .Inl not
Hulls    il   Mils   un   tlH'ttl -tulle   lime     to
Introduce   i'.  u*  the mm-ller*     were
inst   -Iruggling   to   get   tin   their I eel
Mi     llawlhtirnthuaile—Hid   not the
llra.nl>}     Ninelter  pay  hall   a   million
iVillarx  111  ilivitieiwls  during  ihe  1 11st
■4'UMlll''
\li Ma dunuld waul hc oelfuvea
that was true, but n was Uie ibal
lime in iheir hiaior.v ihnt Ihey bad
been able to do no. OondiUons had
•;!riiil> improved slnci- ln»t t-ev ion,
nIn, h '...is due principally lo the Improved price of cop|*cr which hid n-
*•*, nvenl rents tt pound. Th ■ fact
thut Miielter* taste ntiw payliiic -Iim-
.1.1*1*. and that ctmd1tl<*nw had to improv.tl 'vus sutht ii-nl juhtilit ul ion for
the nr'ion of lhe Is-k'islati-:.. in refusing    '..    (Haft     this  tiK-iisiit.   Inst
.,1.'     Bei nince condltfone hn.i   im-
|irnv**<l.     nml     home Of   the    Kin.li.i.s
were already working on an '-'ght-
hotir *.ynteiii, he ihnughi there could
l»>- n« t>li)t-i'tion to pun-tiiii* the Act
now, ami Im- Khould «sup|sort th>- MO*
ond "raiting Ho lorn; n» tome
stts'lteri, wre norking eiifht h*ur»
und t-ihera twelve, thai difteienre
would In- the ratine of friction be-
tw.i-n th.tn There was no '.-ar ihut
having once adopted the eight hour
svhteui   Ihnt   lh<-   hineller-i   woulti   ever
eo back to the l'i hour frjntfttt. The
ahorter hour* hail i-««*n found to
make very little .liiifi.ev. io th.-run-
111111.' eepenss-i, oi Kmelters. and once
the fhorter hour*, were nrhipted thev
could not revert to the old sv stem
vMiii.iui su. i, ,, ttrfksj ns wouldnliake
il». proviiue n-oro centre to eir--11111-
fereiice. Tie should support the second   rending  of   Ihe  llill
the llill was <k-r.-at.-tl on a division
..1 l'.i to 17,  „s followe:
Vt-a*,—Meeart. Drury, Kinir. He*
Siv.n, Brawn, Jonaa, Davideon,   J.
\ Mu< iloiiultl, Itendemon, iVaila,
Cameron, Hawthornthwaite, Wilson.
Williams, Ortv>n, Harden. Yi 1 ur,
Hanson —17.
Nn\\ -M'jfcsrii. Murphy, runner. OI»
Iver, Munro, 1'aterson* Hall. Tat.
lost, MillriuV, Cotton, Wilson, riif-
Itiril, Bowtar, Kroner. Ross, A Mc-
Donald, Pulton, Taylor, Vni-.n--.an.
Crant,—19.
HABTBR ANU HKIiVAKT ACT
tho Hon*) might now proceed with
It.
The IIiiuhi- thun went into committee on thc Hill with Mr. Shuifoid in
the chair.
Mr. Bowser proponed t0 amend
.Section 2, by striking out thu word
"lifty" and substituting the words
"one hundred," He wild the matter
had already bean ho fully discussed
on both Hides that it wuh i-uite un-
neoeaeary ior him t<, nay much. His
idea in raining the sum from $50 to
|100 was ihu 1 they Hhould have
soinu chock to prevent people from
running who hud no chunce whatever. At the .same timo ho wlahed
to give people a chance to run, who
might not In- able to raise uh large
a sum ns Jt'jno. He could not agree
with the member for Nanaimo thut
it should i,e $50, uh lhat sum aji-
poared too low to Impose any check
at all. He thought $100 would be
a fair hiiiii, and thc member for N'u-
iiiiiino had given him to undcrKtund
thut   hc   wuh now   willing  to   accept
thut amendment.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite Hi^nilkd ihat
In- had no objection. A division was.
called and the itmcndmvut carried
on u mixed vote of 22 to I- The
Bill wan then reported complete with
amendment.
Mr    Hnwthornthwuite   ankiwl     lhat
the report might i«- adopted forthwith, Imt Mr. Henderson objected,
anil the Bill WnU pluc.nl on the 01-
derH for report al the. next sitting of
Ilie   House.
INIVKKSIIY  BILL.
' 1 it ■
TBESS.
Held over t,y the Rci-aest ol the At-
lornej -OeneraJ.
Hon. Mr. Wilson on Thuraday last
resumed Ihu debate on lho second
reading of Parker Williams' "Mas-
ler und Servant Act."' Mr. Houston
ol Nelson, had moved thc rOjourn
im-nt of the debate, hut us he was
not in his place, Mr. Williams moved that the dciiate |s-*K-«*d. and thc
Attorney-Oeneral took It up. He
waid he could not accept  the Biii in
iu fnaaeat nhs|ie, though he aymjpa-
ihi/i<| with ns uinis. Hc thought it
would be a hardship to fine even
employer #50. who failed to pa> his
employee every two weeks, ns there
wero cases, such as engineer-, on rail'
roads, who were paid Uy niikeairc uiul
to whom it could never a|»ply. He
"■{reed that wher a n-nn wus dis-
mlsseil he should be paid his lull
»«g»'s, hut he thought thnt could
l»- belter arrived at in some other
way than that proposed in Uw Bill,
would  1 ui her  propose  a    s«-»-tlon
Hi-
to the effect that unless there wore
u writu-n agro.Mnent no master could
i.i iiin an action against a servant
lor leaving him without notice, and
no servant could hring an action
iiKainst ft master Ior dismissing him
*'thtmt notice. Ihis would make
them more exact in their agreements
Ho hoped tho member for Newcastle
would confer with him, and accept
»'« suggestions-, as he would lie ulad
to help him to put the Bill in-fore
lie House In the best shape possible.
Mr Hawthornthwaite moved tho
'idjomnroent of thc debate In order
'" give time " to consult with the
^'toriMty-Oenoral on his (iropoiials.
"ie Bin has not. come up since.
KliKOTION HKIKISIT BILL.
T0 Pix the Deposit  at $100 Passes
'oininlltoo by n large majority.
*hen motions for public bills wero
called on Thursday afternoon,     Mr.
•lawtliornthwalte  objected  that   Bill
*o. h   fProvlnclal    Blections   Act),
*Wrh thc Houw hod ordcrod   to be
Placed again on the Orders of    tho
'ly for committee,  Instead of Is'lnn
"•st on the list, ns it shtnihl    have
,?"• AVas ttlaced almost last.
'he Hheaker said    the    correction
whs ft  pr.iiier One.     No doubt     Uie
■1,i '>ad boeii misplaced by error bul
1'uss.h 'Ihirtl Beadhtg li\ n lotrif.-
Majority, Parker Williams' ob-
Nervutions.
The     Bill    for  the  1 - <-«-ltil.lisli:t..-i,t
of a branch of McQil] 1 orwaralty in
British Coiiiiiiiiiii, [etaewl the House
on Tuesdav lust 10. u lungi- majority.
Kv.-r since it entered conunittee this
Bill has iiti-t with nlinost iimnter-
rupt.al olistiui tion fnmi the Opposition Side of tin- Houm-. This won
continued nil third reading when Mr,
Henderson    moved     in   etnendmnti
secondeil b>   Mr   Brown—
Thnt th.- Bill Ik- not now read a
thirtl time, out be rccoinmitteed for
tne purpose of conskk-ring the follow iiu* inn.-nthiiiTits
To strike out all after the word
"l-odii"." in th>- sixth line of section H.
To mid ii  puraitraph'
"li.  'Ibal  this An  is n isilHic Act"
Hon. Mr. Fulton said thut h<-
could not accept either of thoso
amendments. They were niinplv in-
tendad for the purpose of rfsjstruttion
nnd could not   le'  taken seriousl) .
Hon, Carter-Col ton said he could
not at nil understand thc bitter op-
poaftlon thnt the Bill hud met with.
The only efflert of the Act could he
that it would bring the higher education within rt-arh of thc poorer
classes of Briltsh Columbia, ami K
did not confer nny apodal pTrvih-gea,
Mr Parker Williams humorously
remerkeil that this wn« not a suh-
fsct that In terns ted him irreutlv. as
his own university hod heen a lo-r-
g.ne 1 amp At the same titne, the
tllsrtis-<iiin teemed t<i Mnge <m the
hnssttion    whether    oi*-    tmlversity
sh.nilil In- ullowiil tti come into the
province before another or not. It
■eemed to him ns fur as he could
understand that ih>> f undo mental
ps/taciplea of teaching was the same
ln nil universities, and that being s
it did not wem to him ihat ;il mnt.
tcnil much which of these bodies
came into the Province first. Th.-\
hnd td*en assured Iiy lhe (iovemment
thnt it would not Interfere w-nh the
establishment of a provincial university, and nn one hod l-tt-n able to
show thnt jt woulti. Others profess.
e<| to s-s> some dark and hi<ki'-n principle in the Bill, antl went hunting
through the mt-a--tirv with a mil 1x1s-
OOpe to sec if thev could fmd il. So
far they did not seem to have discovered very murh Ilie Government
hail to tell them day after day that
the llill woulti confer no spts-iaJ
prlvilegi's. und he did not see why
that statement could not he accepted
Thc chief point they had to consider was whether it would bring the
higher education more within reach
of the masses of the people. If it
woulti reduce the cost of higher education, ami bring it within roach
of the poorer people of the country
that was sufficient justification for
the whole measure.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said that no
good purpose could lie served by the
amendments offered by the mcnilier
for Yale 1 Stuart Henderson.) The
first would tlestroy the only ns**ir-
nnce they hnd that thc Bill would
confer no special privihifcs. and the
second could Berth no purpose except
to advertise to the country that the
member for iale wns oppoaed to the
Bill.   ...
The Bill passed third reading on
ihe following vote:
Yens,—Messrs. King, Bnvidson, Mc-
Tatlow, Wilson, Cotton, Clifford,
Bride, Hawthornthwaite, Williams,
Bowaer, Fraser, Ross, A. McDonald.
Oreen, Pulton, Harden, Taylor, tiif-
ford, Wright, Young, Miiegowan,
Shutfortl, Qrant,   Manson—34.
Nays,—Mowers, Drury, Brown. Mc.
Niven, Murphy, Jones, ICvuns, Tanner, Oliver, .1. A. MaodoQAld, Hen-
dei-Hon, Munro, I'uterson, Wells, Cameron.—14.
OTHER MATTHRS.
Amoug other acts of Home importance to the working people that
have come up before the I/ugislaluro
during the pnst week may l<e mentioned the QoVernment Scaling Act,
which provides that official scalers
of timbers shall henceforth be appointed and paid by the Government
This is a distinct Improvement on
the old method ns the scaler was
paid bv tho mill owners, and was
consdqhfittUy liable t.i make his measurements deviate a HI tie hi favor
of his employers.
Tho amendment.s to the Public
Schools Act have nlso tome in for
a good dual of discussion, .lohn Oliver of Delta airing himself strongly
on this line. Proimhly tho principal changes' proiwsed nre that all
schools     in     any   rural    municipa
lity   will be henceforth be
school Board the same as in cities,
while thc date of thc annual school
mm.ting is changed from -lanuarv to
duly.
Another rather important act is
that for regulating the sale of patent medicines, which has been particularly boosted by the Vancouver
World. The Bill is not likely to
meet any serious opposition.
By thc amended I^iml Act, the
hand-logger is henceforth to be restricted to the use of horse and cattle in his operations, und will not
be allowed under uny circumstances
to use steam. The Chief Commissioner of Lands A Works Haiti the
provision was chiefly for the benefit of farmers who might do a little
logging with their stock. The new
Bill will also restrict all pre-emptions in the prov ince to IUD acres,
though formerly 320 wuh allowed
i'.ust of the Cascades.
ELECTION  DEPOSIT  BILL.
Passes Third Beadtug in Spite of
Oliver's Obstruction. The Leader
of the Oppoaitlon Makes a Fierce
Attack on Mr.   Iluwthornthwaite.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite's Bill to reduce the election duposit to $l<Xi has
fiaNscd third reading and become*
law; but thc itsiiilieis of thc Opposition party in the House obstructed
it to the last. When the Bill came
up  for  report   preparatory   to    thirtl
reading   on    Monday, -lohn    Oliver
moved  the following amendment
Where-** the system of re**--,•*> tiiu
tive government presupposes Uia' the
i*-giis]iitutc shall be . tiiii|.i.s.*d of |»-r-
sons representing a majority of the
electors iu the several constituencies:
"And whereas, in the i»st it hus
been deemed expedient ta raqulre a
deposit of two hundred dollars to lie
inutle with the lb-turning Officer by
or on behalf of each cundiduU* at the
lime of his nomination, which suid
deposit was to tie forfeited if the
candidate (on a-hoacbbhalf xu.li depo
sit was mode- tiki not receive at
least one-half as many votes us the
successful candidate who hail received  the -smallest   nmnlicr of votes:
"And whereas the renpiiring of such
before-mentioned deposit, or any de-
|iosit, is objectionable to many electors:
'Therefore lie it Resolved. That
this House is of the opinion that it
is desirable to so amend the Statutes relating to elections that only
candidates receiving over one-half nf
the votes polled at thc election at
which they are candidates shall tie
elected as members of the Ijegisla-
tivc Assembly, and that the deposit
1 if *2.xi by or on liehalf of the candidates now required by law be abolished."
Mr. Oliver said hc introduced this
resolution ts-cause the $200 deposit
was first adopted as a safeguard to
prevent irresjHinsible men from running for parriamant, and securing the*
election of a candidate who repre-
wnted o majority of votes in his
itmstitui-tiiv. That it hod not suc-
raaded us wag wished was shown by
the fact that there were 14 ineml-ers
on the floor of that House who p-p-
resvnted a minority of their constituents. If it were aiMiiishnd altogether uml. 1 present .'inuitistances this
would only bncome worse, and he
would like to see a system of proportional representation devised. If
thnt were done they could well afford to do away with the dejiosit nl-.
totrether.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said he wish-
<<d to take emphatic objection to the
motion of thc incmbhr for Delta. T'hts
representatives of labor found considerable difficulty in passing their
Legislation at the liest of times.
Thev were laced by all sorts of difficulties and nil sorts of trape. Their
bill* wore strangled in committee,
and if that failed, motions were introduced to take everything vital
out of the bills and making iJ-em
ineffective. Amendments of this
kind were framed to draw votes from-
both sid<>s of the House, and this
was the hope of the introducer of
the present  motion.
This Bill had been before the House
for years, He remembered Mr. Joseph Martin, of whom the memlior
for Delta was a follower, introducing a plunk in his platform feu- the
reduction of the S20<> denoslt, and
the mena-er for Delta and other Liberals had supported that principle.
Yet, when hc had brought this nwa-
mre in himself, he found that it was
always defeated, not by the supporters of the Government opposite, but
hy the supporters of the liberal
Party to which Mr. Joseph Martin
belonged. 'Hiis wns his (Mr. Hawthornthwaite's last and final effort
to pass thia Bill, anil he hnn»»d the
House woulti support him.
He did not s<«> why the labor men
of thc Province should tie penalised
to the extent of six or seven thousand dollars in a general election because they failed to secure the necessary number  of votes.
"If this amendment of thc member for Delta is supported and carried." he said, "it does not follow-
that we shall have proportional rep-
re.sent at km. and the honorable gentleman knows it as.well as T do and
ns well as the labor men throughout
this country will know it. This is
a contemptible effort of the part of
the honorable gentleman to defeat
this legislation."
Mr. Oliver objected to the use of
the word "contemptible." He said
it .<wemed to be a favorite term of
the memlior for Vnnaimo. Not that
I care what he says, as lie can say
nothfing worse of me thnn ho is himself.
Mr. nawthornthwaiito—Well, if the
word touches the honorable gvntlt-
mnn so badly, T will witihdrnw it.
nnd in doing so T will add thnt the
amendment is worthy of thc member for Delta, and T can say nothing
worse of it than that. I hope the
nouse will think as T do. and defeat it.
Mr. J, A. Maedonald, Tjender of
fhe Opposition, launched out In a
bitter nttnek on Mr. Hnwthornth-
waile. who, he declared was there to
attack the Liberals and support the
Conservatives. He called himself n
labor man. but he was no Labor
under one   man.     He  wns  a  Socialist,   the ag
ent of a Kevolutlonary Society and
he hoped to succeed by trampling
down the prosperity and u-dvauco-
rnont that was going un in the province and driving the laboring men
into tho chaos ho advocated in tin.
name uf Socialism. He luwl been
Uis-.'1't-diled by lhe Lubor organ in
Vancouver as the worst .mr-iio of
labor in Uns province. Mr. Maedonald concluded by saying that in-
aud his followers had been consistent
on this tjui-htioii oi Use election deposit from Uie first. They did not
want   to      .sec   11   uijoll.iin.-U   Oill    nouie
system was devised io secure major-
i ty repreeen tu tion.
Ur. Davidson nuid there won u
good dual of talking around und
uv,aj from Ue: subject. As a matter of lact the itii'tion, if carried,
-simply killed thu Iiill before the
House. Thut wan all the [notion
wus lor, and that wus all it meant,
if the honorable gentlemen were so
anxious to reform thc province
along tlui.se lines, why did t.ney not
Introduce legislation to that end'.'
There was nothing to be gaira-d b>
coming in with such a motion ul
that time. The only real objection
tin- ijuader uf Lhe Opposition .seemed
to have to the Iiill was that it was
a reform introduced by a Socialibl.
"He says," continued Mr. Davidson, "lhat thut gentleman does not
represent lulior in this Hou.sk*. Then,
how is it thut all labor legislation
Introduced here during the pest ihp.'e
sessions has been brought in by So-
cialisls'.' If the honorable gentle
men are SO anxious to get across
the floor of this House, it is surprising to me that thev have opposed legislation of this kind, no matter where it comes from. The only
object of this motion, I repeat, is to
kill the llill, and as I have supported the bill from the first, I shall
vote  against   that   motion now."
Hon Mr. Tatlow said if th- motion were It, disallow entirely legislation of that kind, he would lie in
favor of it, as he had opposwl the
Bill from the first; but this motion
went further than the Bill itself
since it proposed to abolish thc de-
|Kjsit altogether. If passed it would
bit a mandate to the Government
not only to abolish the deposit, tut
also to provide for elections along
the lines laid down. In other words
they would have to kisep on having
elections till tiicy found out
what candidate had thc majority of
votes. He was not prepared to go
as far as that and would oppose the
amendment.
Mr. Oliver said he had at least
given the Government of B.C. credit for having sufficient ability to
crystallize that motion into law. lt
had already been done by Frenchmen and Hermans, and certainly he
thought it could be done by Anglo-
Saxons.    (Hear,  hear).
Mr. Bowser said the amendment
fixing the deposit in the Bill at $100
had been introduced by him, antl he
woulti characterize this motion as he
had styled that introduced by the
member for Kossland (Mr. Mucdon-
ald/j on the Timber Act, as a "Jesuitical Amendment." If tbe member for Delta and those supporting
him were honest, how was it that
this motion was not mode when the
bill was in committee of the whole
House, which was thc proper place
for introducing amendments of that
sort. Ba tfuite agreed with the
member for Nanaimo that the only
object in introoiicing the motion at
'ins stuge was to kill the Bill. Had
they considered what their motion
would lead to if adopted? It would
mean that if a candidate did not
have a majority of the total vote
cast in the first place they would
have to hold bye-election after |..ve-
eleotton till he had, and as ovary
such elettion cost the country about
$1500 they could well see to what
trouble and expense it would lead.
They expected nothing better from
the member for Delta (Mr. Oliver),
but he was surprised at the Leader
of the opposition, who was supposed
to tic a shrewd man, supporting such
a motion as that.
A vote being called the amemlment
was defeated on the following division. Tanner and Hall, of the opposition, voting wsith the Government
and  Socialists:
Yeas—Messrs. Drury, King, Brown,
McNiven, Murphy, Jones, Evans, Oliver, J. A. Maedonald. Henderson,
Munro, Paierson,  Wells—13.
Nays — Messrs. Tanner, Hawthornthwaite. Davidson, Hall, Williams,
Tatlow-, McBride, Cotton, Houston,
Clifford, Bowser, Fraser, Hoss, A.
McDonald, Green, Fulton, Garden,
Taylor, Wright, Young. Gilford, Mac-
gowan. Shatford, Grant, Manson.—
30.
The Bill passed report on the seme
division, and the following day passed third reading without opposition
and amid hearty applause from the
Socialist members.
QUESTIONS   AND ANSWF.RS
On   Monday   Mr.   Hawthornthwaite
ashed the Hon. the Minister of Mines
the following questions:
1. How many accidents have occurred in the mines operated bt the
Western Fuel Company, Nanaimo,
since October last?
2. Are the "man-holes" in Uie
slope at Protection Mines in good
oriler?
S. How many accidents have occurred on this "slope" during the
past three months?
4. Are any men working in these
mines "double shifts," or sixteen
hours in twenty-four?
The Hon. Mr. McBride replied as
follows:
"1.  16.
w2.  Yes: on Feb. 5, lost inspection
"3.  8.
"4. Department is not aware of
any."
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said the
man-holes had only lieen placet! in
older since his qUSStlon* had been
placed on the order paper.
On Tuesday Mr. Williams oskp*d the
Hon. the Chief Commissioner of
fjonds and Works the following i-nies-
tions:
ii In the matter of tramway crossings, does the duty of protwtiag the
public rest with the tramway owners!
or with the Government?
2. Has the Government of British
Columbia  forfeited  the right  of em
inent domain in tho lands of Uie
Wellington Colliery Company?
lion. Mr. Green replied as follows:
"1. The tramway owners.
"2.  No."
B.v Mr. Hawthornthwaite on Wednesday next—Questions of the Minister of Mines,—
1. Does No. 1 Shaft. Western Fuel
f'o.'s Mines, Nanaimo, contain a
large area  of gus?
2. If so, is said urea fenced off?
il.   If  not,  why  not?
4    Has      lb.*     fnespector     of  Mines
niatle a report upon the existence af
smit-h  area  of jj-as,   if existing-?
5.   If not,  why not?
On Wednesday next—
Mr. McNiven to ask leave to intro
duce a Bill iniituled "An Act to
make Provision toe securing the safety of Passengers Travelling on, and
for preventing Accidents and Injuries to Employees on, Tramways and
Street Railways."
 o	
Six hundred Kuan Cossacks who
comprised the Garrison of Ekaterino-
dar, Russia, and who Joined the revolutionary uprising in November,
have retired to a remote and inacce-,
sible region of the mountains refusing to surrender their arms or Ihe
colors of their regiment. As they
are well armed, it is expected the
force sent by the government to capture them, will have no easy task to
perform.
Big REDUCTION Sale
IN MERCHANT TAILORING
We Have Removed from Victoria
—all our—
Fall   And  Winter
Stock. Must be Sold
Before Spring Goods
Arrive  j&   j&   j&
Cheapest Bargains in the City
Give (It a Trial.   Fit Guaranteed.
Charlie Dunn,
100 Hastings Street      .*?      -^      Vancouver, B. C.
*   Out   {Victor** Advertisers ~
Patronize fhaaa and Ml taem Why.
SABOLD BURNETT
mNEWSjtIGENT.
FALL SUITING
iTtuii $25.00 Up.
E.   SHAPER,
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
a» Johnson St.,  Victoria.  B.C.
UNIOH-MAOC BREAD MB
Delivered  to any  part of tha city,
rii-iver   10   call.       Thon.   8*t.
Do you know we sell from 10 ta
cents cheaper than our competfti
» HASHES' \m
71 Savcnaeat Street, Vletart*, 1 &
Dca-ana
CowmoHTa Ac
AtiTon. sending a sketch and daaerlptlon m.j
t,-ilpkl*r ascertain oar opinion free wh*Hh.r an
Invention Is probably patentable. Cotnsountas-
tlonsstrictlyconlld.ntlal. HANDMQt onP.twiu
sent free. Oldest kiienci for -t-H-erlnaj-ataiita.
Patent, taken tbrooah Mann A Co. rteeltre
s-sM-ial aotlctt. without chare*. In tne
Scientific Anencane
A handsomely lll.str.ted WMkly. iJU-M-rt dr.
calatlOD of any sdetitlBc Stromal. TansM. at a
year: (oar months, »L BoM by all n.wsd*alera.
Branch oak*, OS F BU Waaktaetoa. D. C.
General Agent tor Tnf
nkiaat
LAND OKEOOKIAS
FBA>CISCO chbonicu
rtsnetsco kxamikek
AKGELE8 KXAattNER
ANQELK* TIlUa
AGO   AUEKlt AN
ON AMERICAN
YORK AM ERIC AN
- "      WORLD
Promp  and  regular  daily   delivery
■esviuea to  subscribers.
P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
MMM	
i ■„.-„  ♦
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TELEPHONE B779
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THE  WESTERN  CLARION
5 yearly smb. carde for $8.75.
Bundloa of 35 or more ecplee to
one address, for a period of three
months or more nt tha rata of oa*
cent per copy.
Patronise onr advertisers.
i
United Hatters of North America
am* you are buytstf a FUR HAT .*•  to  It  that
th. Oenaiae Ualoa Label la aewed la IV II a retailer
haa looae label. In hi. poaeeeaion aad ofare to pat
one ln a hat lor you, do not patronise aim. Looae
1*6.1. In retail atoraa are counterfeit. Tbe -reneine
Union Label la perforated oa lour edgea, exactly tke
■mum aa a pottage stamp. Counterfeits era sense,
times perforated an three edgea, and some Umea only
oa two. Joha >. Stetson Ce , at Philadelphia to a
aea aalea
JOHN  A. MOmtT,  Preetdeat, Orange. N. J.
MARTIN    LAWLOK.    Secretary,    ll   W averly
ma* Teat.
Plaoe
OUR
Cascade Beer   sells all
Queen Beer      Over the
Ale and StOIlt     Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
5 Ml
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■■ ■ *'4
u
tt!
1
St:
fa*
a:
Mr}!
., if;
\i FOUR
rn r> '«n wu
THE WHBTERN  OLARION, VANOOUVER,   BRITISH      COLUMBIA.
SATURDAY,
Fob. 3, 1008,
mi
■'2'' '$■■
• 4 y
m,'  Si
ffl
NEWS AND VIEWS}
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   J
9        Bdlted by R. F. PETEIPnDOE, to whom all correspondence for thia departanent should lie addreeeed.        9
%*abn9QQQ9#®®®99^
''•Stay away from Vancouver,"
loudly exclaim the Carpenters of tho
city. Certainly. Stay away where?
WiU wage-slavee ever seek to be
more than commodities governed i*.
ita unwritten laws; acting lilde things
rather than men?
AMONG  THE  WORKERS.
"In sending along e sub. and expressions of good will, from Hank-
head, (near Banff,) Alta., a comrade
says. "There are lots of Socialists
here. I'll try and get the Clarion
well circulated among them."
"Find enclosed a toad-skin for the
Organizing Fund," writes "C. O. D"
from Enderby, B.C.
Comrade Wrigley, Toronto, sends
along another $2 this week with additions for the Clarion mailing Hat.
Com. Wrigley Is a Socialist, and
what's; more, he works at it.
ACTIVE   PROPAGANDA  IN
TORONTO.
—By O. Weston Wrigley,
Toronto Socialists have been on the
move this winter. The alunucipal
elections resulted in an increased
vote and alao woke up .some of the
capitalists. Prof. Goldwin Smith,
who ia trying to buy a name tor
himself by contributing to the Labor Temple Funds, published an open
letter to School Trustee James Simpson, our elected Comrade, attacking!
our revolutionary manifesto. Two of
the daily papers gave space to thu
capitalist professor's letter, but all
six Toronto dailies refused to give
apace to a reply sent in lhe name
of our local organization. i.'onsc-
quantly our reply was sent to the
Toledo Soiialist and 600 copies secured in time to be,circulated at the
Debs' meeting here. Tbe Clarion
was not near enough to give the
prompt service required.
The Toronto Local's municipal election manifesto was highly commended by many. It was written
by Organizer GriWblc, and issued in
the name of the party rather than as
a personal document issued bv the
candidates, lhe record of Comrade
Simpson's doings on the Toronto
School Board was considered inter-
eating enough to be republished in
taw New York Worker.
The meetings addressed in Hamilton and Toronto by Comrade Mailly
ot Toledo, to celebrate 'Bloody Sunday," and by Eugene V. In be in
Toronto on Feb. 1, Hamilton, Feb.
2, Guelph, Feb. 3, Toronto, Feb. 4,
Mt. Forest, Feb. 5, Berlin, Fob. 8,
Lindsay, Feb. 7, Woodstock, Feb. 9.
a,d St. Thomas, Feb. 9, all of
which were arranged by Toronto Local show that Toronto is doing some
thing to build up the Ontario movement. Mt. Forest is asking for an
organizer and had contributed $5
to secure one, It is intended to
have Comrade O'Brien, formerly of
Fernie, spend six or eight weeks in
March and April building up nrvolu
tionary organization throughout the
Province. Later on, about September, we would like to have Comrade
Hawthornthwaite make a tour of the
whole Dominion.
Dana addressed about 800 people at
each of his meetings here. Ilie Industrial Workers of the World, who
hod tried to turn the Mailly meeting
into a bear garden but had been given some telling answers to questions
by Comrade Mailly, did not make
anv fuaa at Debs' meeting. When
tl. y first organized here last fall,
tii y professed friendship to our poli-
ti al propaganda, but they now folio .«* 1 it-Leon in his anarchistic ranting against the futility of the ballot. It ia amusing to hear the former S. L. P. speakers, who formerly were so strongly in favor of the
ballot now repudiate their former
position and sneer at the porsilality
of doing anything with the "bits of
paper." Debs emphasized tbe i»v
eaaity of political organization in
both addressee here and six new mem
bars were enrolled at the first meeting of our local after his vlait here.
Today. (Sunday, Feb. 18), marked
an innovation in the propaganda of
tha movement here. The member of
the Legislature for No*th Toronto
resigned his seat t0 accept a $6,000
a year Job and the election has been
rushed on and will be held next
Thursday Last Tuesday, Toronto
Local nominated Comrade Jamea
Simpson aa ita candidate in the bye-
election. Simpson had polled about
210 votes in thia district a yuar ago
it befbg the most resident al and
least workingclass district in the
city. Ten thousand revolutionary
manifestos were printed and to-day
the comrades covered a large part
of the district in a house-to-house
distribution. This on a Sunday ln
church ridden "Toronto the Good"—
where some preachers get their salaries paid out of rents from red*,
light houses—surely this is an Innovation. We still have some members who decline to break away from
conventionalism, but Toronto Local,
as a whole, is willing to work for
Socialism seven days in the week.
A call for funda from Victoria, B.
C, was received at the last met.-.
of the focal, the request being for
money to aid a candidate t0 lie nominated for the Dominion Houae in
the bye-election. Aa a recent Issue
of the Clarion had announced that
Local Victoria had surrendered Its
chartsr, tha Secretary was instructed to send $5 to the DoudalOn Secretary to be forwarded to Victoria
providing there had been a re-organization of Victoria Local, but   does
not countenance the placing; of tv ran-,
dldate in the field by unorganized
comrades. The money can be better
spent in organization work In new
territory.
CHILLIWACK, B. G.
Local, No. 27. Chilliwack, haa now
lieen organized for three months. The
membership haa not increased aa
much as the members would like,
still they are getting stronger all
the tlime. There are plenty here who
are Socialists who would join the
ranks but are afraid they will lose
business, and in consequence only
give their sympathy. The following
are the officers: Frank H. Macdonaldj
Organizer; W. S. Forsyth, Secretary
and Dr.  W.  J.  Curry. Treasurer.
Chilliwack, "the holy city," as it
is sarcastically termed by a few, is
one of the hundreds of places in British Columbia making progress towards Socialism. It being principally an agricultural district, many
of the residents have no time or inclination to read for themselves; and
a srrcat number imagine themselves
"capitalists" in a small way.
It will be no newa to B. ('., to
state that Chilliwack is supposed to
be a prohibition town; but its dead
easy to get whiskey in Chilliwack,
provided always, one haa the price.
Another time I may explain just how.,
it is to be procured.
Mr.  Hawthornthwaite    is expected
to give a  lecture here before  lye
under the auspices of Local No.  27,
Socialist Party of Canada.
 o	
ENDERBY, B. C.
The farmers ot this district are organizing a union for the bjhtter handling of farm produce, By establishing central packing houses, the produce can be graded and packed better than by individual handling, and
will probably save on freight charges by shipping in large quantities.
The formers have in view the same
principle that the wage-earner had
by organising only that they are
slow to take what little advantage
there ia in combination in the produce ot the farm.
Any financial gain mode hy the
farmer in his union will be looked
after by the capitaliat clasa and the
amount of such gain will be tacked
to the freight tariff or other commodities that the farmer has to buy.
The wage-earner had his increase of
wages show up in the increased cost
of living. In either case all they
get is a bare living.
With more land comin<r under cultivation and the increased nroduc-
Uon of produce, it is no wonder than
baled hay is still in the shed and
lots of vegetables in the pit with little or no demand.
The beauties of owning a small
farm con readily be seen, and the
produce left over, all represents use-
leas labor which might be abolished
by the institution of collective ownership and operation on a large
scale of land, instead ot the fnsane
method of private ownership of tbe
means of production.
Just how long the farmer is g< I
J to stick by his 2x4 farm ia hard to
say, as low prices, resulting from
over production, do not seem to hav«
the effect of making him think why
he does so much work for little pay.
tive of the class that appropriates
the products of labor. This latter
class is above taking nny part ln
the social doings of their dupes in
the uniform that marks tli.tr slavery. Unionists of Hevelstok*' should
not rolnx their efforts to frown down
this rising military spirit, because,
only upon force can a class state rely, and thc working class is not the
state—not yet.
Hawthornthwaite and Williams are
certainly doing good w,<irk„ antl innk-
Ing a good impression on Uie railway men. who are beginning to sue
the superiority of demanding labors'
products as CITIZENS inst.-ail of
striking against the masters as DEPENDENTS.
i. x.
o
0 o
1 CLARION QUESTION BOX. |
o i o
W. J. C, Chilliwack—M. S. 9. received. Will appear as soon as legislative proceedings let up. probably
next week.
SOCIALISM IN DENMARK
Next Parliament May See n Preponderance of Socialists.
A Prose Dispatch from Copenhagen
says Denmark will soon rival Germany as a socialist state—th.' working and peasant classes bBComing
more and more imbued with Socialist tendencies. The next Parliament
may see a preponderance of Socialists since many of the radicals elected will back most Socialist measures proposed.
REVELSTOKE, B. 0.
REVELSTOKE, B. C, Feb. On.—
Evidences are noticeable that tha old
and crude is changing. With this
change goes the usual high stata ol
feeling. The old order puta forth
ita claims as though nothing new
had ever arisen. The trader is aver
pointing out the great natural resources of the community, waiting
exploitation, ano trying to entice ttrnt
tourist, who is, of course, known to
have money, if he had not we would
not want him. lt la a shame to
waste so much of our scenery, while
tnere ara many throughout the
world with more money than they
know what to do with, but which
others earned tor them. The great
expanse of timber and the rising
market in the northwest makes his
mouth water, but the only source of
exploitation ia never beard of from
these, it la here in the propertyless
wage-earner, waiting to be set to
work. To keep him quiet and docile the usual institutions are working overtime. Ths press and church
ara grinding out the usual grist with
a little less of success, it is true,
since the source of wealth, the working man, is rising up to be heard in
protest.
Still the mentally blind are in the
majority, those who consider their
jobs of greater Importance than their!
citizenship, who will produce and
their product, upon which their very
lives depend, go into the control of
others, and think it all right. They
seem to see their position when a
large amount of the product gets
into the hands of one, like Rockefeller, but not so IT it la divided
among a greater number.
Great efforts are being made to
bring thc military company to a
successful issue, with indifferent success. Those now In 'the company
are no doubt, In high hopes to be
called out to quell labor troubles, a
chance to kill their fellow workers
of their own, or some other country.
There are no middlemen In the rank
and file, but/ these are tireless In
building it up with workingmen.
The soldiers at the drill hall have
dances there, and are becoming bold
enough to venture into the opera
house. Those who know the claaa
character of the state understand the}
importance of the workingman with
a gun, controlled   by a repreeanta-
The Swedish delegate to tne congress of International Socialists,
which will meet in March, will give
a full report of the part played b\
Norwegian and Swedish workmen in.
the dissolving of the union. That
part has been repeatedly referred to
in these dispatches, but in Europe it
is not widely known, since the maio.
rity of newspapers would "ive no
space to the discussion. A full report will be most interesting.
\ o	
It is more blessed to give than to
receive,   therefore, hit the other   fellow before be hits you,  and tte sure
to hit him  hard enough   to  knock
him out.
There is a movement on aim.in-
centered bodies of clergyman to send
fraternal delegates to trade union
central bodies, says the Winnijiesr
Voice. The union men had better
look out or they will be chloroformed before they know ft.
 —o	
TENINO,  WASH.
Editor News and Views:
Dear Sir,—Since giving the readers of the Clarion a brief outline of
the discussion on environment and
I individuality which took place in the
' sittingroom of our boarding house a
short time agk>, I have again hod the
opportunity of hearing the matter
discussed.     It happened in this wise:
An Insurance Agent, a graduate of
the I'niversity of California, called
here, and while waiting for dinner,
picked up a copy of the "Tacomo
Daily Ledger," of Sunday, the 18th
inst. Quite a few of the l-.iarti.-rs,
our "Political Socialist" friend being one of the number, were in the
sitting room at the time. After
I reading for some time, the I. A. put
'down the paper with the remark:
"That's one ot the best things I
have ever read." Being asked to
what be referred, the reply was, the
article on "Cultivate Children like
Flowers," by Luther Burbank.
"Yea, and how should they be cul
tlvated?" queried the P.  S.
In reply tbe I. A. went over the
ground covered by Burbank, j-ointing
out the effect af environments on
plants, animals and especially child.
ran.
To our aro., 'ement, the deductions
drawn from the effect of environment
on plants, the lower animals, and
man, by Burbank, were precisely the
same as thorn of the P.S.
There was nothing new to uh in tha
article by Burbank, nor could the I.
A. give us more light on the sutinWt.
The P. S. had tn his discussion with
the Single Taxer, made clear to us
every point touched on by Burbank,
and to my mind went nearer the rooti
of tha matter.
The answer made by the I. A. to
the query of the P. S. is siuniruxl up
in the three lost paragraphs of the
article by Burbank.
As time govs,on in its tmdless and
ceaseless course, environment will
crystallize the American nation. Ita
varying elements will become unified
and the weeding out process will pro*
bably leave the finest human product ever known. The color, tho
perfume, the size and form that are
placed In plants will have their analogies in the composite, the American of thc future.
And now, what will hasten thia development most of all? The proj«r
rearing of children. Don't feed Ihem
on maudlin •entimentalism or dogmatic religion; give them nature.
Let their sould drink in all that Is
pure and sweet. Rear them, if possible, amid pleasant surroundings.
If they came into the world with
souls groping In darkness let-*them
see and feel the light.
Don't terrify them In early life
with the fear of an after world.
There never was a child that was
made more noble and good by the
fear of a hell. Ijet nature teach,
them the lessons of good and proper living comMinnd with an abundance of well balanced noiiriahinont
Those children will grow to be tha
beat men and woman.    Put the bait
in them by contact with the beat
outside. They will absorb it as the
plant does the minshine and the dew.
This caused the P.8. to reiterate
some of the statements made during
the discussion with the Single Taxer.
"now," ho asked the 1..V, "would
your answer apply to tin* children of
the alums, the little white slaves of
the Southern cotton mill? How can
nature teach tho children of the poor
wage-slave thc lesson of Rood and
proper living, combined with on
abundance of well balanced nourishment. And where is the abundance
or well balanced nourishment to
come from when they own cannot
get enough of any kind of food to
satisfy  their gnawing hunger?
No answer.
■'Now, my friend,'* said the P. B,
"let us look nt tho plant life. Haw
you ever noticed what determines tint
environment of a flower? Its method of living; the means necessary for
the flower to live determines its environment. But, note, also, that environment determines whnt maimer
of flower it shall lie.
"Again, have you ever noticed
what determines the environment of
the lower animals? Their method
of living; the means necessary for
any kind of nntmal to live determines its environment. But note,
nlso. that environment determines
what   manner of animal  It  shall  he.
"And have you ever noticed what
determines the environment, of man?
nis method of living; the means necessary for man to live determines
his environment. But note, also,
that environment determines whnt
manner of mun he shall he.
"The blushing rose refuses to HVt
on the peak of lofty Mt. Bator; the
or the means necessary to Its exist-
not found there. Tn the lower altitudes it grows nnd develops in tieaii-
ty and frairranco Just in prowirtion
to the excellence of its environment
or the means necessarv to Ita existence. Its method of livinc defermln-
es the iritnlity of its growth nnd development.
The lion refuses to live in the Polar regions; the* means necessary to
his existence are not found there.
The environment of the jungle, the
means necessary to his existence, his
manner of making a living, determines whnt his nature ami characteristics shall lie.
"Ami man! He refuses to live on
the nrid desert; the means oaMMWy
to his existence arc not found there.
In the food producing regions he
grows and develops in intellectual
strength, his concept of just-ice and
right, rises, his ethical si untienI
grows truer and higher just in proportion to the excellence of hris environment, the means employed by
which he makes R living.
"Yes, my friend, humanity lito the
flowers is but a part of nature and
environment determines what they
each shall be; and environment is determined by the means used in order
lhat the.v each may live. Then, to
make the environment of humanity
more excellent and produce a higher
race of beings thu means employed
to live must, be made more excHnmt.
"What are the ms-uris employed to
live by humanity today? Have you
ever looked 'squarely at the structure of human society. (I.e., so-call.-.*
civilized society), at the prenent
time? It you have, you will have
noticed that it is composed of two
distinct classes, i.e., robbers and
roblicd. There are, of course, a few
Individual exceptions—those who are
neither robbers nor are the victims
of robbers. The roMier-class, those
who rob their fellows—the means
whereby the robbers live— are distinctly the powerful or ruling class,
although they are numerically much
thc smaller portion of the structure
of human society. Being the ruling
class, their ideas are the ideas held
by humanity as a whole. Their concept of right and justice, then, being but the reflex ol their environment being determined by the means
employed to live, we have the spectacle of the environment of so-called
civilized society the reflex of jobbery.
"What do I mean by robbers and
robbed?"
"Any one who obtains something
for nothing necessarily means that
some other one ia minus that whtch
should he his, consequently he has
been robbed. Now, since labor produces every particle of wealth, every
particle of wealth should be owned
by those whose labor produce it.
But is it?
"The great aggregate of wealth in
the world today is owned not by
those who produce it, but by those
who gave absolutely nothing in exchange for it, hence they are receiving something for nothing—robbery.
And the method of robbery? It is
accomplished by reason of the ownership of the mean* by which the
wealth producers live. It follows,
then, that the employers of labor
and their parasites are the robbers,
the laboring wealth i 'tiducers are the
rohbed, and It la the acme of unreasonableness to say that the employer of labor gives anything ia exchange for the product ot labor,
since the laborer creates wealth enough to pay himself and pay the employer for thc privilege of submitting to the robbing process.
"lt seems right then, to the lion
to kill and eat his prey, since his
method of living, environment, determines his concept of right.
"It seems right to the cannibal to
kill and cat a human being since
his method of living, environment,
determines his concept of right. It
seems right, to our Roc la-fellers to
rob their workmen since their method of living, environment, determine)*
their concept of right.
"The inauguration of the Co-operative Commonwealth then, would
give to each the wealth his labor
produced, consaqsjenrly would destroy thc system of robbery on which
human society ie based, and would
create an environment for humanity
in general, and give an opportunity
to create the proper environment to
suit every Individual in particular,
such as you desire. Are you with
ua?"
DOUGLAS CAMERON.
Tenino, Wash., Feb. Ul, 190c.
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
We have two cases (lOO pounds) of Br«.
vier Type, Oipoint, almost new, cost 52
•its a pound a rear atfoi will ssll at
25cts a lb.   Following is a sample of the Typei
Hartford, Conn., Jan. 10.—A certificate
of incorporation of the Oaxaca & Pacific
Railway Company of Hartford, haa been
filed with the secretary of state. The
authorized capital stuck of the company
it |4o,oooooo, These figure, exceed
those of any other company which baa
filed audi a certificate with thc secretary
WRITE
Western Clarion,
Box 836.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
8. T. WALLACE'S
GASH GROCERY STORE
We alao carry a full line of Furniture, oa eaay payment., at prices
that cannot  be duplicated.     Kindly
inspect our atock. /
/
Car Wtataiaittr tit nt Harris Strati
VANCOUVER. B  0.
C PETERS *»tn",B*«
u. ri.ii.ng  a^iiMSakar
Usui! sU.lt Bool, and Bhurs I» ,.r.lrt la
.11 stvlrs.    K<|>-u-n-g prasapOy anu neatly -lone,     siut-k   ul   staple   truly n.dr.
Shu*, alwajr. on hand.
MM Vaatatatfer Avt.
LEE & MORGAN
Telephone 2291.
Sanitary Experts. Plumbing la all
Ita branches. Estimates furnished.
Repairs,   atove connections,  etc.
CHARGES  REASONABLE
Mt VCSTSMSTM ML, Caraer el ***.
BRIDSON'S BAKERY
This is Our
Proposition
without reservation of any kin >
'11m.' choice of hundred* of men's m.
perbly tailored and faultlessly fas).
ioned $15 to |20 Suit* for
$10.00
Full anil complete line* in aim.. I
every style — garment* that we<
made to aell at almost twice tho
prices now asked for them are has a
In a profusion of styles and tabrlet
Never la-lore was our claim, 'ne
give moat for your money,'' »o elaai
Iv  demonstrated.
KILROY, MORGAN CO., Ltd.
Mt
TRY OUR  BREAD,  CAKES,) ETC.
| WAGE LABOR ^
AND CAPITAL I
BY KAMI. MAHX.
Single coj.l.'a. 6 cents; <
copies, 25 cents: IB copies, (0
cents; 40 copies, 11.00; lOp
copies and over, 2 cents per
copy.
These rates Include postage
to any part ot Canada or the
United Kingdom.
"The Western Clarion'
&C0..
NANOWARE art        '
Second Hand Dealer t
and   Tool*   a
e
0
a
Cook    Sloven        	
Spa-laity. f
We buy and sell all   kind* of ',.
strait  metal,    old    machinery, <>
rubber,  sacks,  bottles, etc. '|
i >
Stores—138  Cordova St.. E., ♦
hardware A Junk.    101 Powell t
St.. new and art ond band fur- •>
nlture.
tin
VMCaavaf, a. t.
Let the Clarion print your
printing.   Tel. 824.   Box .*■■:'■
AGENTS WANTED
YOU CAN MAKE A UVINO ANO HELP TNE CAUSE
OY SELLING
THE JUNGLE
<>
O
«>
f*
9
ti
w>
w»*
Some who started early are now selling ten £•
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents ^
— a copy.   Send to   us for circulars and wholesale *£
9 prices.   The book is now ready for .delivery. f>
|       THE JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO.,       I
* SOX 2064 NEW YONR. *
• #>
GAS TO BURPf
BIVEC YOU TIME ANO MONEY TO OURN
l»o you do your own CooVtfrtg? Would you like to have mon
11 ino to   devote to  your housework,   fancy work, children, or husband.'
An up-to-date (Inn Ranfe) (or even our <1hn Hot Plates) will help
you out beyond your expectations. Where you f»riin-rly spent an
hour itjc-tMng a meal ready, you will find that you can accomplleli
he Name iu 1.1 to 20 minutes with a Ons Range, and obtain pel
er  results.
Cull and examine  mr stock.        >
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.
ua s i .i

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