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The Western Clarion Mar 24, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
5    MAR 20 1906
This !•
Vancouvrr, B. C,  Saturday, March 24, 1906.
[important Measures Considered and Acrimonious Debate Indulged in During Closing Week- Brief Summary
of the Socialist Members Work
Ouring the Session.
IMaaaarea anil    Asnemliw-ni*    Intro-
diiii-d by tlie HssoialbiU   Msinbi-n-i.
i- r<
Th.- -w-HHlon of thc Provincial Untie*
li.iur.-  Jubi  cloned,  has  been  a  moat
important MM from    ,n"    Hociaiist*
I,.,,■,, t,,f view.    While Ibe number  If
III.  Unit   lhe  Si>clall«tii actuully  suc-
,,.,).■.I  In   pushing  through   was  not
,,t, It will lie hard to over estimate
the Importance of nt leant two of these
meaaurea oh the future or the party.
1 h.f..-   twd   bill,   both   bear   the   tllle
, r amendments1 i« the  Provincial I'l-
... Hon*  Act.     one,   which   waa   Intro*
.lured  by   Mr.   Hn\vlhoruthw.alle  hlm-
, if.   reduce*   the   deposit*  of   candl-
ilntea for election from fltO to lluO,
and  Hi"  "tlier  provide*  Ihnl   ..   voter
Im.iy Ret  a lllhe  list  In S  lll-W  COIlSllt-
luency at any time within thirty day.
..[ election. The latter bill wan Introduced Iiy Attorney-General Wilson.
and It wan brought In no doubt largely
l,v the instigation <>f the SoclallHt
member* o! the Houiie. When ll l«
considered that workingmen more
1 han anyone elite must sihlft about
from place to place, It can easily be
1 *.. tn the number of added voiea that
[tl.ls may mean for the cause of La-
1 l,.,r at the next election. The Socialist* used the strategy of silence while
fthll bill mat g"lnsj throua the House.
f..r though they promised and *"g-
'tested It, they wild not u word, and
th<* consequence was that the ever-
r.-ady opponent..* of Horlu I l*t* were
thrown off their guard, and the Hill
want through practically unopposed.
The bill to reduce the election* do-
I unit on the other hand, became law
nfter strenuous and bitter resistance,
first ll wus strangled In . ..mii.UUi-
en motion of Ihe True Hlue Captain
Tatlow of lhe prehistoric Id.-as. Hy
khatt determination Mr. llawthortilh-
walta auooeedad la having it plaoed on
the order paper again, and
secured a majority vote In it*
favor, John Oliver and other
Liberal* then tried to block It with
a proportional representation amendment, but in spite of ull opposition It
became law by u substantial majority. While the reduction Is not all
thai was hoped for, the fact that the
Id Insure haa been eut In two, will
maka it very' much .-sudor for the Socialists to place a candidate In every
"iiiMltucncy In the Province at the
next el.-ctlon. und In view of lheir ul-
iiinut.. results these two bills may be
regarded a* the most Important meaaurea ever pueaed in the Province In
the Interests of the working elan*. If
nothing else had been accomplished
by the labor representative* In the
House these two measures alone
would be sufficient to warrant the
effort In sending them there. It was
because of the**; measures rather than
anything, that the Socialists pravant-
. .1 the defeat Of tho Government
which would havo entailed the defeat
<.f the measures.
Another important measure Introduced nnd carried by Mr. Hawthomt-
wall.- wa* the First Aid to the injured
amendment to the Coal Mines Regulation Act. Thi* bin provides that
rvery overseer In a mine shall be compelled lo take a course In ambulance
work. It meant a possible aaving to
the capitalist clan* under the Compensation Act nnd therclu-rc met with
little opposition. Parker Williams'
Master and Servant Act. to
compel the payment of watt*
•v.ry    tWO weeks.      got safely
through second reading, and wus
narrowly defeated In committee by a
majority of one. Hud thi* Act been
"pasaed it must have resulted 111 greatly reducing the credit system with
which the country Is at present cursed,
and it I* to be hoped thai Mr. Wl-
lianiH will »ee fit to bring It forward
at another session. Thc Right Hour
Illll for smelters which wa* introduced by Mr. Davidson, was also narrowly defeated by a majority of two
on the second reading. This bill had
been Introduced by Mr. Hawthornthwaite at the preceding seaalon, nnd
was defeated by a majorltw of 10.
That It should have grown so far Into
public favor within a year speaks well
for Its miccess In future anyhow. In
speaking of tht* bill It may be aald
that Mr. Davidson, the Introducer, hns
worked hand In hand with the two
Socialist member* throughout the ses-
"loii, showing that the Interest* of labor and Socialism are at heurt the
The watchfulness of the Socialist
members wa* never better shown than
In the amendments they have suggested from time to time. In the enrly
i>'trt of the session Mr. Parker William* proposed an amendment to the
Small Debt* Act to do awuy with the
power of garnishing a worklngman's
wnge*. H wa* defeated after n rather
Utter struggle, In which the Napoleonic liowser figured aa the champion of the capitalist claaa, though
of course he was aided by tho redoubtable Pateraon, the labor mem-
her for the Island*, who *ay« he 19 a
workingman, but always votes against
measures for their benefit. Another
Important amendment by Mr. Hawthornthwaite wa* that he proposed
to the Timber Act to give hand-loggers the privilege of exporting their
log*. Mr. Maedonald, tho Oppoaitlon
leader, unfortunately introduced an
amendment along the name line* to
provide that the Government should
scale ull log* and exempt those hand-
logger*. Thi* proponnl Mr. Hawthornthwaite refused to accept, regit rdlrig It a* a movement for the
benefit of the commercial classes rather than the workingman, and
both proposal* went down to
defeat. Mr. Hawthornthwaite's
nmendment was, a* he himself said,
a dead straight labor Issue, intended
solely for the benefit of the working-
Another amendment by Mr. Haw-
(hornthwiiitc well worthy of mention
was his proposal to amend the Assessment Act to exempt from tax-
niton the smull fanner. whoHe Income
I* below |l,dud per annum. Strange
to say. ihis amendment was opposed
strongly by Oliver. Tanner and Evan*
and every other farmer iu the House,
but a* none of these gentlemen could
be classed among those to be exempted, this might in some degree account
for their action. Anyhow the amendment was defeated, and consequently
the farmer find* himself taxed while
lhe city man for whom he provide* by
his lubor is exempt.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite haa always
looked closely after the Interest of
the squattor and small farmer, and
In line with hi* policy he Introduced
a bill to extend the right* of -settlers
li: lhe K. & N. railway belt ou Vancouver Island, but tbe Speaker ruled
It.out of order as a measure that ll
wa* not competent for a private member to Introduce, since ll Interfered
with the administration of the public
lands of the Province. He was more
successful with an amendment to the
vexed Columbia * Western Sub*ldy
Bill, to confirm tbe rights of lhe
squatters oa tba land in the c. & w.
land Kia-.it. This proposal wa* espoused by the Government and iir-
rled. There were also a number of
amendments io other bills, all looking
I., the preservation of the interests
of tlie workingman and women. His
.real effort lo extend the franchl*-* lo
|h< latter Is still fresh in the memory
of the public, and although ll failed,
there Is good reason ta believe that
lr. the future It will become law. Tho
Question* asked by the Socialist member! have also all been with a view
to the better protection of the life
and Interests of the workingmen. a*
for example Mr. Hawthornthwaite's
.|Uestious as to gas in the Nanaimo
mines, about which so great ado has
been made. The sole object of these
questions was to secure the greater
safety of the men.
In the closing days of the session
a resolution of great interest to the
people of the Province generally wa*
propose*] by Mr. Hawthornthwaite
and carried unanimously by the
House. This was the resolution calling for stricter Inspection of slaughter houses. When it is considered how
easily the germs of disease may be
spread by impure meat, the importance of this resolution can be seen.
Mr. Parker Williams also proposed a
r. solution to grant old age pensions
to aged and decrepit working people,
hut this was ruled out of order, as In-
t.rf.-rlng with the revenue* of the
Province. Though the resolution failed
In its object It In m> measure militated against the principle of the Intention.
It Is questionable If any two of the
Minister* of the Crown have to work
imrder thon the two Socialist member*
during the session. Hut Mr. Hawthornthwaite. who ha* been the longest in Ihe House has secured Since H3
advent the passage of over 30 bill* and
amendments nil In the Interests of the
laboring classes. He has seen the
cause he represent* grow from puny
Infancy lo virile adolescence, and It
would certainly be no cnuae for wonder should he within a few yenr* *ee
hi* own prophecy fulfilled, nnd a So-
<l«llst majority in the Legislature con-
trolling the destinies of tho Province.
said Act la hereby amended by inserting In line 36 thereof, between the
word* 'and" and "it," the following
word*: "With any addition* made
thereto under the provisions of Section 4 of this Act."
4 Sub-section (2) of Section 15 of
raid Act is hereby amended by striking out all the word* In said sub-section after the word "shall," in the
ninth line of satd sub-section, and by
substituting therefor "at the expiration of thirty days from the receipt
thereof and of an affidavit In Form A
of the schedule of tht* act provided,
but at least thirty days before the
date fixed for an election, place his
name on the Register of Voters for
the last-mentioned District."
5. Section 96 of said Act I* hereby
amended by adding thereto the following: "Provided, however, that
nothing tn thi* section contained ahall
prevent a Registrar, who has been ap-
poltned a Retrunlng Officer for the
same Electoral District, from voting
at an election of a member for the
Legislature ln the Electoral District
for which he ha* been so appointed
a* aforesaid. In the case of a tie aa
hereinbefore provided."
«. Sub-wot inn (1) of Section 148
of *aid Act 1* hereby amended by
striking out the word* "or marked
copy of the Register of Voter* and
counterfoils," ln line 4 of said sub-
7. Sub-*ectlon (4) of Section 149
of said Act is hereby repealed.
Steam    Boiler    Inspection
Tramway  Act.
Act   and
One feature of the work of the Socinlist* that doea not attract *o much
notice a* other*, perhaps. Is that of
amendments to bills. A large number
of these have been brought forward
at different times during the past
session, and all have been with a view
to helping the workingmen. One of
the keenest struggle* to work In
amendments occurred on the last day
of the session over the Steam Boiler
Inspection Act, whtch was introduced
hy Mr. Manson of Nanaimo, for the
purpose of enabling fifth-class engineer* to do different kinds of work.
The following ls the text of the bill a*
originally introduced:
An Ait to Amend the "Steam Boiler*
Inspection Act, IPOl."
His Majesty, by and with the advice
and  consent  of  the  Legislative     Assembly of the Province of British Columbia, enact* a* follows:
1. Thia Act may be cited aa the
"Steam Boiler* Inspection Act, 1901,
Amendment Act, 1906."
I. Sub-section (1) of Section 44 of
Chapter 7 of the Statute* of 1901, being the "Steam Boilers Inspection Act,
1901." is hereby amended by Inserting
after "Fourth Class Engineers," In the
sixth line of said sub-aectlon, the
words  "Fifth Class Engineers,"
3. Said Section 44 is hereby further amended by adding abter Subsection (5) thereof, the fallowing subsection.
"(6a.) Fifth Class Engineer may
take charge of any plant where steam
Is k.pt for heating or drying purposes
cny logging engine and boiler," or any
engine or boiler used for farming purposes not exceeding 20 horse power.
4. The Schedule attached to said
Chapter 7 I* hereby amended by striking out the word* "1* Engineer" where
they occur therein, and by substituting
therefor a certified engineer is m
The Bill passend second reading
without opposition, an don Monday
afternoon went into committee, Mr.
Murphy in the chair. Mr. Evans
moved to add at the end of Siab-sec-
tlon 5a, Section 3, "any any farm engine and boiler up to 29 horse power."
The amendment passed.
Mir. Hawthornthwaite moved to
strike out tho words, "or any plant
where steam ia kept for heating or
drying purposes."
Mr. Patterson said it was absurd
to hay .that an engineer should havo
to hold the same certificate to watcb
an engine at night when the pressure
of steam was as low in the daytime
when lt was high.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said the Bill
was being railroaded through on the
last day of the session. He thought,
In view of the protests received from
all over the Province it would be better to hold it over for another year,
and he moved that the committee
Hon. Mr. Green did not think that
was fair. The Bill had only been held
back by the member for Alberni to
receive suggestions.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite's motion to
rise was defeated.
[Continued on Psge Three]   *%.
The Ubor Grafters Get tne Sum While Middle Glut Refcrm-
en Skin el the Bnhhles-Thou Whi Can Get
hnt a Smell Become Oitgrantel Heelers.
New Industry Suggests*1.
TORONTO, March 12.—Vaatly   more  speakably the British sense of
elgniflcant than the Increase In tha So.
I/abor  Measure.
This Bill and the Election Deposit
Uiws ure the most important labor
measure* ever passed In this Province in the Interest of the working
class. If nothing else has been accomplished since the parly sent repi-
sentatlves Into the House, the passage of these two bill* warranted the
Under this Bill workingmen can go
on the voters' list at any point up to
thirty davs before an election.
An Act to amend the "Provincial
Elections Act."
ills Majesty, by and with the advice
and consent of the Legislative Assem-
bli- of th- Province nf British Columbia, enacts as follows:
This Act mny be cited ns the
"Provincial Election* Act Amendment
Act, 1906."
2. Paragraph (J) "f Section 10 of
Chapter 17 of the .Statutes of 1903-04.
being the "Provincial Election* Act,"
In herobv amended Insetting after the
words "King's Printer," in the second
line of satd paragraph, the words "with
any additions made thereto under the
provisions of Section 4 of this Act."
J,    Sub-section (e) of Section 10 of
W. J. Carry al Chilliwack Points oat the Forces That are Arrayed
Against the Working Class in its Straggle Against
the Political and Ccomomic Rale of Capital.
The Socialists of this Province have
watched with the greatest interest and
satisfaction the work done by their
comrades, Hawthornthwaite and Williams, among that galaxy of political
lights assembled at our Capital, and it
Is safe to conclude that almost any
other body of men would by the eno
of the session have hal fo-cd into
it eir understanding some Important
tiuths relating to tbe Socii-lat lnove-
r.cnt. There Is i.o doubt that the effect of these contests between the representative* of labor and capital w'll
bc of great educational value to the
public, but from numerous precedents,
however, and from prominent symptoms now developing, we Know that
about the only effect of our comrades'
efforts on their opponents will be to
increase their tendency to line up definitely ln their defense of the interwoven interests of themselves and those
they serve.
None are as blind as those whose
interest is not to see, and when this
economic pressure is supplemented by-
ail the powers of education and public opinion nothing short of a miracle
can open their eyes.
A Jesuit priest once said: "Give me
a child until he is 12 and he ls mine
forever." Although this is perhaps an
exaggeration, yet It illustrates a psychological truth and the power and
permanency of education In which criticism Is suppressed and blind faith ln
authority is exalted as the crowning
virtue and the foundation of wisdom.
Conslderng these circumstances, how-
could we expect otherwise than that
these proved champions of capitalism
would successfully resist all the logic
and eloquence of their opponents. Probably the strongest argument against
Socialism, in the opinion of the aver-
ppe Individual, is the fact that the
educated classes—the professional men
—the Intellectual and spiritual guide*
of society are Us bitterest opponent*.
In the opinion of many this fact render* any further investigation of tho
subject superfluous, but by the student
Of scientific Socialism thia opposition
Is easily accounted for.
The law of sociol development ex-
preaaed by Man and Engels In the
communlBt manifesto ia aa follows:
"ln every historical epoch the prevailing made of economic production and
exchange forms the basis from which
im built up and from which alone cun
be explained the political and intellectual history of that epoch." This Is
the key which unlock* the complex
problems of our political actions and
reactions, our Juridtclal excuses and
omission*, our religious paradoxes an!
our intellectual sophistries. This is the
capitalist epoch: "Why should the ruling class do otherwise than determine
their political, intellectual and rellg-
Utis institutions to conform with their
property interests? Why should their
house be divided against Itself?"
I-lstorlcal facta prove that whether
production and exchange are carried on
dei communistic, chattel slave,
feudalist    or  wage    labor    principle*,
this law of "economic determinism"
holds true, and not only does it hold
true to classes, but to the individuals
constituting them. "As the tree is so
shall the fruit be also. Can men gather grapes from thorns or figs from
It 1* as Professor George D. Her-
ron said: "What we call civilisation
ih but legalised and organised robbery,
and until we have a comprehension of
the fact tljat churches and art, literature and philosophy, education, morals and manners are more or less the
expression of this universal robbery-
all our hope* of a better society are
but  Philistine Utopias."
The robbery at the bosl* of modern
society takes place when the wage-
earner I* held up and forced under penalty of death by starvation to deliver
to the capitalist the greater part of the
value he produces.
Reason and experience proves that
capitalist prosperity can only continue
through the Increasing poverty of the
laboring clasa Tbelr interests are directly opposite. It Is obvious, therefore, lhat capitalist legislation cannot
improve the condition of the masses.
The man who expects state or municipal ownership, strikes, prohibition laws
or reform measures to benefit the producing classes, know* as much of the
laws of social development as the perpetual motion crank does of the law
of conservation of energy or Carrie Nation does of the drink problem. Their
scheme* are Just equal to the method
of the Idiot who Is said to have tried
to lift himself out of a ditch by pulling on hi* boot straps. The wage earner who would be free must get hold of
■omethlng outside of capitalist institutions, and that something is revolutionary Socialism, and that only.
The wage earner who supports any
tut the Socialist party is thereby tightening hi* bonds, but he does this because his education has been supplied
by those whose interest lt ls to keep
him enslaved.
One of the most deplorable sights
today is to sec all around us men and
women of the laboring class cursed
with the Ideas of their economic masters. We see them branded as wage
slaves by their faces and figures, by
their clothing and food, and by the tenements and shacks In which they live,
and yet because of their false education they hug their chains and often
curse and ridicule those who ask them
to strike for their own freedom.
The wage earner looks up to the educated and cultured classes, and because of this we see bourgeois politicians all in favor of extending the Influence of bourgeois colleges. Theso
are, of course, for the ruling class,
since the children of the wage earners
seldom get above the first grades of
the common school before they have to
go to work. Their father's wage* are
determined by that of the single man
ard because there are more men than
Jobs he I* compelled to work for Just
enough to live as a laborer. On this
(Continued on Page Three)
ciallet vote ln North Toronto, aa compared with the figures ot the general
election ln 1S05, is the phenomenal falling off ln the vote polled for tba old
party candidates. The Tory vote haa
decreased from 5.1»» to I,sW, a falling
off of about 26 per cent, while the Grits,
who polled 3,704 at tbe general election,
only numbered 2,418 votea In the late
contest, a decrease of over one-third.
'Mil* in an encouraging sign of the
growing indifference of the masses. The
Grit organisation haa admittedly gone
all to pieces, the "cohesive power of
plunder" no longer suffices to hold It
together. And many of the Tory workers have got cold feet, owing to the
lack of incentive since it became evident that Whitney doea not intend to
make a general distribution of spoils.
Disgruntled Heelers.
Nothing could better illustrate tha
rottenness of capitalist politics than
the fact that without the constant
stimulus of patronage, offices and contracts the machine is always liable to
break down ln this fashion. Tha fact
is that not one man tn fifty takes any
active interest In the Grit vs. Tory
fight except from mercenary motives. As for the rank and file, the
"dumb, driven cattle" who don't see
anything coming their way, whichever
way tbe game goes, they have moat cf
them got the habit of voting provided
it is not too much trouble and can lie
"got out" if the heeler cornea after
them with a hack, otherwise they
won't take any trouble about it. And
a growing minority, who are far as
yet from being Socialists, have come tj
the point where they fully realize that
as working men they have no sort of
interest in the issues over which the
politicians pretend to wrangle.
A Chance for Worklng-Claaa Politics.
There is one hopeful feature about
English politics as compared with Canadian which makes for the . permanent success of a working claaa party—
the entire absence of the species of
cheap bribery by which here "tabor
leaders" are kept in the old party
ranks. Here, let a man be aver so
poor or so Ignorant, provided he can
acquire a certain amount of "influence among his fellows, or get the reputation of having it, which amounts to
the same thing—be can always trade n
for the promise or the chance of some
"title job, and occasionally he gets the
Job—no lottery is all blanks and no
prizes. And. moreover, the party must
sometimes throw a bone to the hungry
doss so as to encourage the rest of
the pack. Consequently both parties
are represented in every Important labor organization by their contingenta
of office-seekers zealously doing the
dirty work of the partisan and bringing "lnbor politics" Into contempt by
their machinations. Now there Is none
of this sort of thing In England, and
can't be, simply because tiiere Is nothing going in the way of political favora
or offices for the masses. All the positions in the civil service which are
worth having go to the aristocracy and
upper class parasites, and aa to the
small Jobs, they are atrtctly filled by
competitive examination and the holders paid on "business principles." An
Erglish workingman must apend hla
life shouting and hustling for his party
without the remotest chance of getting
any personal advantage. The caae of
John Burns is entirely exceptional. The
consequence is that the Labor party
starts comparatively free of the sinister influences which for a generation
or more have prevented the movement
for independent worklng-claaa action
frtm making any progress.
Socialism Will Come.
Of course the English Laborltes with
a few exception* are not Socialists. But
the fact that they have nothing to
hope for in the way of personal gain
frcm one or the other party—no wire,
pullers in their own ranks aeeklng ta
seive partisan Interests bringing them
into line with the Liberal or Tory
party capitalist factions will make the
transition from "Laborite" to Socialiat
much easier. A really Independent Labor party with an eye single to working-class Interests will not be long ln
developing Into a genuine Socialist organisation. In fact, they will be forced
into tt by the attitude of the capitalist
parties and the logic of events, unless
Indeed the political leaden are cunning enough to introduce the spoils system and debauch the venal element by
the same methods of bribery as have
kept the workingmen of Canada the
slaves of faction. That is probably
Just what Chamberlain would do If he
were ln office, but he is about the only
man at once shrewd and bold enough
for a move which would    shock    un-
New Line of Industry.
King Edward, so the papers say, haa
r«ieived an enthusiastic welcome In
Paris. He waa loudly cheered wherever he went. There la no reason to
doubt it. The French are adept* In
the art of producing enthusiastic applause to order, and governments, aa
well as theatrical managers, resort to
it. Our capitalist rulers might take
tbe hint in connection with the approaching visit of Prince Connaught,
or whatever his title Is. There have
been complaints of the lack of loyal
enthusiasm on the occasion of the visit* of Prince Battenburg and Earl
Grey. The masses don't seem able to
enjoy these feativitiea by proxy aa
much as formerly. They crowd to sea
royal, vice-royal or aeml-royal strangers, but they only stare and gape and
don't cheer. Something muat be done
when Connaught arrives or Canada
will be in danger of losing her reputation aa the brightest Jewel in the British Crown or biggest toad among tha
toadies in tbe colonial puddle. Now.
what's the matter with giving a few
hundred of tbe unemployed, whoae only
present usefulness to society consists
ln demonstrating tbe truth of reveal*J
religion in fulfilling that beautiful consoling text, "the poor ye have always
with you," a Job as loyal and patriotic
applauder*. For 26 or SO cents each
and a square meal they could be hired
by the hundred to line the streets, and
on the appearance of his Royal Nibs to
make the welkin (whatever that ia)
ring with spontaneous and heartfelt
octbursts of loyalty. It ia really- a wonder that thia cheap and simple plan
hasn't been adopted long since.
Middle Claaa Reforms.
Billy Maclean, champion of middle-
class interests, and understudy of
Hfarst, Jerome, Folk and the other
American "reformers," la having a picnic Just now. He haa been hammering
away through his paper, the World, at
the insurance companies for months,
snd haa practically forced" the government to appoint a commission ot Investigation, and now that he haa got It
he isn't a bit happy, because from ita
make-up it Is evidently Intended to do
the white-washing act. Now h* haa
got tne Whitney outfit committed to
appoint counsel (another Job for a good
Tory) to. represent tbe policy holders.
So he is having lota of fun and boosting the World ln great shape. Jt la
good journalism, but nothing more—
a mere tilting against windmills. Thc
Insurance Investigation move, like tha
public ownership agitation, ia only an
incident of the struggle between the
big and little capitalists, which is car-
tain to end In the obliteration of tha
latter. The middle-class champions of
the Hearst and Maclean type may
gain a lltle emporary popularity and
profit from their course, but cannot
succeed in the long run, because the
claaa for whom they are fighting la
doomed to extinction in the course ot
social evolution. Moreover, tbe middle-
class are so stupid, Ignorant and prejudiced, so loaded up with capitaliat
ideals, inherited traditions and party
feelinga that even now they don't
know where they are at or what la
hurting them. They haven't the eenat
lo understand the situation or tha
pluck to combine againat the forces
that are crusalng them down. Workingmen are alow enough in developing
the class-consciousness that is their
only salvation, but the middle-class,
clinging to the idols of respectability,
have not the first glimmerings of class-
conscious feeling and tamely submit to
be despoiled and effaced by the bog
corporation*. Were Maclean a far
more sincere and effective upholder of
the rights of the little capitaliat than
he haa ahown himself, there is not one
Grit out of the lot who wouldn't Ignore his services and vote against him
as soon as his party feelings were appealed ta He will go far, will Maclean, for he ls a fighter from the word
go and "unco dour" like the Scotch
forbears. But he is fighting for a lost
cause and for a lot of pusillanimous
and purblind bourgeois and parasites
on the tail of the capitalist dog who
have neither the brains nor the nerve
to back him up or put up a fight for
self-preservation. From a purely spectacular point of view it Is Interesting,
but Socialists can afford to look on
with equanimity without worrying over
the result. It Is nothing to us either
way whether the little thlevea or the
big thieves come out ahead In the
scramble over the plunder stolen from
the working people.
A few Vancouver tin-horn real estate and other brands of swindlers
have now set themselves the laudable
ta»k of boosting the City's population
up to at least 100.000 by 1910, by inducing people from other parts to hie
themselves hither. Their cry ts not
for "more world's to conquer," but
for more pockets to pick. This may
be taken as an indication that those
who have already reached this favored spot have been pretty well
Harry Sibble departed on another
trip through the Interior of the Province In the Interest of the Western
Cla-rlan last week, and the usual
string of subs that follows In his wake
la coming into this office. He will
vtslt the Kootenay and Crow's Nest
regions on this trip, and ts respectfully recommended to the tender mercies ot the wage-working heathen
wandering tn the economic and political wilderness of capitalism, whenever he may be treed.
E Itifc WESTEM* OLAMOH,   Vjftltpt^    mW-IBH COLUMBIA.
e-aturday March at,
I not,
i m
Hie Western Clarion
Pubtlahed avery Saturday la tha
nterasts of tha working claaa atoaa
at the OfBca of the Weatera Clai-ion,
flack nook baaamant, 105 Bastings
4Uast, Vaacouvar, B. 0.
emmaaabette nasssatsmam—■■ ■ i
Strictly la Advance.
Yearly aubacriptloa cards la   lota
if flva or more, 76 cant*, each.
Adverttelng rata* oa application.
If you receive thia paper, It ia paid
Address all communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch thia label oa your pa-
par. If thia number ie on it,
your aubacriptloa expiree tha
aaxt leeue.
Saturday March 24, 1»0«.
Shoddy Civilization..
In reviewing Upton Sinclair's book
the Springfield "Republican" says:
"The Jungle puts Into concrete form
the common charges that have been
becoming unpleasantly frequent In recent years, as to tbe decline of honor,
not to say common honesty, in American business. A shoddy civilization
fed on garbage—such is the American
that the Trusts have created—As Mr.
Sinclair pictures It."
With alldue respect to that eminently respectable and conservative journal
it might be well to remark that there
has been no "decline of honor," in
Air.erican business. It is now what lt
always was. Its underlying principle
has in no sense been altered. As business becomes more highly developed
and ita operations assume a greater
magnitude it becomes possible to more
effectively apply the principle upon
which all business ia founded and more
completely effect its underlying purpose. The fundamental basis of business, in the modern acceptance of the
term, ia the plunder of the'working
clt as, for the purpose of converting the
proceeds of the robbery not only into
sustenance for the robbers but mto additional means of plunder as well.
This latter expresses itself in what ia
termed additional or new capital. In
the first place the plundering of the
producers of wealth is a dishonest act.
To such action honor is of necessity a
stranger, except it be such as is said to
obtain even among thieves. That thia
particular brand is an extremely elua
ive and uncertain quantity has been
clearly proven by recent Insurance,
Amalgamated Copper, Standard Oil,
Beef    Trust    and    other     exposures.
Vmong thieves though there be a sort
Tot code of honor that is as a rule observed by the members of this precious
fraternity, it by no means alters the
fact that the calling itself is a dishonorable one.
The cornerstone of American business, or that of any other country in
fact, la ths robbery of the working
clasa. The after details work themselves out ln a world-wide scramble
among tha thievea and their hangers-on
'•Ver the division of the spoils of the
robbery. Thia ia called trade and commerce, and la usually summed up in
tha one word, bualneas.
In the  earlier daya of the  pros-Jit
system, while capitaliat production waa
yet tn a comparatively primitive stage
and consequently business was aa /et
carried on ln but a small   way,   the
underlying principle   and   the   motive
vbich prompted ita appreciation ware
of neeeaatty so completely hidden be-
l-eath tha intricacies of the operation
of industry and business aa to escape
the observation even of the man who
profited by the transaction.     During
such stage buslnesa and   its  devotees
nere logically garbed in what appeared, even to the moat critical observer,
to be the garb of honor.   In these later
dt.ys, however, with the instruments of
I? bor grown into tbe huge machineries
of to-day, and the consequent Increase
In the magnitude of industrial   operation, and business transaction flowing
therefrom, the system unmasks Itself to
even the most careless   observer and
capitaliat    production    and   business
stands revealed as a colossal scheme of
pillage and outrage perpetrated upon
the only useful portion of human society, that portion that by   iu toil and
aw eat makes even present civilization,
as bad aa lt is, possible—tbe   working
class.     So complete has now   become
the development of capitalist production, and Ita operations have aasumed
•vch gigantic   proportions,   that   the
robbary of labor at ita hands can no
longer He disguised.
Capitalist property ls now openly
brutal, arrogant and merciless ln its
process of grinding the flesh, bone and
sinew of the workers into profit with
which to swell ite already enormous
bulk. Aa ahown by tha exposures of
Sinclair in hi* story of Packingtown,
capital la Juat aa conscienceless and
ur.t crapulous ln disposing of Ita plunder aa it la ln tbe matter of taking it
from ita wage-slave victims In tha first
ii.stance. There is aa much honor In
selling rotten meat, dead rata and poisonous chemicals, as A. 1 goods, to the
unsuspecting consumer, aa there ia to
the extracting of aurplua value from
the toll, and sweat, and agony of a lot
of wage-slaves. Either is a legitimate
transaction under the benetlclent rule
oi capital, for they are but the expressions of Ita life.
The exposure of capitaliat methods
and business which are becoming ao
frequent of late, are by no meana an
indication of any "decline of honor,** In
business. They only indicate that In
tlese later days of capitalist development, the real purpose and motive underlying capitalist property are coming
so clearly to the surface that they are
being readily seen by those who are at
all observing. Business ls no more le-
void of honor now than when In IU infancy. The basis upon which it rests—
the plunder of labor—waa the same in
IU infancy aa now ln IU old age.
Tbe present is not " a shoddy civilization fed on garbage," nor haa lt been
created by the "TrusU." It la a capitalist civilisation, fed upon the plunder of an enslaved working class. Instead of the "Trusts" having created it,
they are the legitimate products of
capitalist civilization. They represe.it
the associated thievea who have been
forced to band together ln order to
successfully conduct the gigantic industrial mauradlng expeditions that
only a capitaliat civilization could
n ake possible.
Present civilization might perhaps
not inappropriately be termed a "shoddy" one. At least lt is a shabby one.
But shoddy, shabby or rotten to the
tore, it is Just aa clean and pure aa the
fundamental crime upon which iU shoddy, shabby or rotten structure la builded. That crime la human slavery—a
slavery that can no longer be made to
pass for freedom by the singing of
National Anthems, nor the reading of
Declarations of Independence. Wage-
slavery ia as real, as atrocious, as vile,
and even more degrading than any that
preceded it. Any civilization resting
upon slavery ia of necessity without
honor, without morals, and without decency. "Te cannot gather grapes from
thorns, nor figs from thistles."
the bum hero treads the boards, so does
that painted thing known aa the capitalist pros* cater to the basest of human passions by extolling the merits
ot these officials, sleuths and thugs,
and applauding their action lu heaping Insults upon these arrested men,
and through them Insulting the entli s
worktng claaa.
All of thia cheap claptrap of shackling men against whom no., a shadow
of suspicion rests eexcept In the brain
of ignorance and prejudice, all of this
accusation of guilt when no crime has
yet been proven agalnat the accused,
all of this swagger and bluster and
buncombe upon the part of the sleuths,
thuga and ruffians can have but one effect, and that effect will be good. It
will tend to deatroy that reverence for
capitalist government and respect for
capitalist law, upon which the security of ruling class economic suprem-
their fellow victims be of good cheer.
The louder the henchmen of capital
and ita dirty press proclaim their guilt
tbe more convinced will every sane
person be of their Innocence. They
have already been tried as by Are. Let
the worker* of America see to It that
If this Idaho-Colorado melodrama
buflonery being played by official
sleuths and thugs is to be converted
into a tragedy, the working clas* does
not furnish all of the victim*. Above
everything else let the workers bear
In mind that so long aa the powers of
government be left In the hand* of
their capitalist masters, the humiliation and Insults heaped upon Moyer
and his fellows will continue to be
dealt out to all who dare to do battle
in the Interest of the workers and tho
upllftment of labor.
Cheap Melodrama.
For melodrama that ia both cheap
and nasty tbe states of Idaho and Colorado at present bead the list Tbe ft*
diculous awagger, bluster and nonsense
indulged in by the officiate of these
states in connection with the recent
arrest of Moyer, Haywood and Petti-
bene could not be duplicated outside of
the stage of a bum 10 cent show in
some tenderloin baser, ant.
At 4:30 on the morning after their
arrest, Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone
were brought mto the jail corridor,
where some contemptible cur in human
form, dubbed a deputy warden of the
Idaho penitentiary, proceeded, ln moat
melodramatic and stagey fashion, to
place a pair of handcuffs upon each
man, shackle their lege together so
that they could only atep a abort distance at a time, and pinion their anna
to their sides. This waa done In preparation for taking them to tba special
train that had been provided to convey
tbem from Denver to the Idaho baa-
tile. Every human caricature above
the level of the third grade Idiot knows
full well that tha arrested men ware
subjected to this humiliating and scurrilous treatment merely for tbe purpose of Impressing the public mind
with tbe Idea that they were most dan*
geroua and desperate characters. There
haa aa yet nothing occurred In the history and actions of these men to warrant even the supposition that they
would attempt to realat an' officer of
the law, acting in bis official capacity,
or escape from his custody If placed
under arrest In fact no one other
than an insane person would attempt
anything of tbe sort, and these men
are far from being mentally unbalanced.
Juat aa the cheap and nasty show
of the slums affords the opportunity
for the bum actor to display that lack
of talent which so eminently bents him
for a place outaide the pale of the "legitimate," so doea the stage of governmental repression afford the opportunity for degenerate rapscallions to
make coarse and vulgar display of that
lack of human, of manly calibre and
quality that so eminently befits them
for the carrying out of the contemptible and dirty schemes of rulers whose
vile apd conscienceless tools they are.
As the painted strumpet parades her
counterfeit charma among the audience
soliciting patronage for herself while
An exchange states that John It,
Walsh, who wrecked a couple of Chicago banks, not long since, also committed perjury In making false affidavits to the gove-rnment about the
bank's affairs. Well, what of it? It
was all Btrictly business and John R.
in a business man. Besides it's none
of the workingmen'* business anyway.
Five bills, omljodylnR a sche»for
universal suffrage, and other electoral reforms, wero Introduced in the
lower house- of th« Austrian P"*1**-
ment today by the Premier. Baxo*
Gautch von Erankenthurn. The Premier- "«» subjected to noisy interruptions on the part of pan-Germans while explaining the details of
the plan, but the majority of the deputies heartily applauded bis speech
Tho bills provide for the election
Of 455 deputies to tho lower house.
Every Austrian 24 years old, nnd
domiciled in a constituency for at
least a year will be entitled to vote.
and every one possessed of Austrian
citi/ouahip for at least three years
will be eligible to election. Plural
voting is prohibited and a division
of tho electoral diiltrieta is designed
so ns to give tho Germans 205 representatives, tho Slavs 280, thc Italians 16, and the Rumanians 4.
The introduction of thoso bills by
the Government mark a distinct victory for the Social Democrats, who
have during tho past year carried on
a most energetic po|«ilar agitation
against the prevailing restricted suffrage. Having failed in it* attempts
to Muppress this movement ami bring
embarrassed both by the Hungarian
situation and by the conflict of the
German ami Slav olwnents in Austria, tho rulers now see their only
hoi«e in offering . concessions. Of
course, the victory is not yet won,
and tho Socialists will increase rather than slacken their activity.
»«■■»■■■■-» ■ ■<■
HW—■!   " I WaWe9atJa%
rtiiwiEM of the World Unite*
There reposes In lho British Mum.
um the body of it human being take*"
from u shallow sandstone grave on
the west bank of the up|>. r \n?
Till* mun I* supposed I., bin,. hunUd
along the banks of the Nile lung t,,.
tore the Urn. af the earliest munuM.
fled King which the museum -,tJI|l
»e**e*.. u is not suggested, however
tbat this ancient man is In any i,Mlll.
ner closely related to Captain Tatlow
British Columbia's able and august
Minister of Finance, although th. u-.
ter   is   somewhat    antiquated   in   |,J_,
At the recent municipal election in
Seattle, the fighting S. Ij. P. bucked by a "revolutionary economic organization based upon the class-
struggle," polled nearly 90 votes.
Much satisfaction is felt by thc stalwarts over the encouraging growth
of "clcar-cutness,-" nnd the increasing militancy of the purified battalions.
A Spokane capitalist is to have a
2,000-acre tract of land near Chelan Falls, converted into a huge
peach orchard. Thus does large
production gradually invade all fields)
and lines of industry.
It Is reported that a Moscow, Russia, bank has been looted of something like half a million dollars. If
lt be true that thc trick was turned
by a party of revolutionists, it is to
be hoped they will make better use
of the proceeds than to spend It In
riotous living. Doubtless they will,
Calls are coming In from vartoua
parts of the Province for speak/ars
and organizers. The Provincial Executive desires to arrange for complying with those demands during
the coming summer months. If the
necessary funds can be provided eater*! tours can be arranged for speakers whose services have already been
promised. It is confidently expected
that such tours, if prudently managed can. be made to largely pay
their own expenses through sales of
literature, collections, and contributions along the route, lt 1*, however, absolutely necessary that funds
be provided in advance to enable
the committee to outfit speakers so
that they may not lie compelled to
iro forth empty handed. Such fund
can be easily obtained if every person interested will do his little share
towards such end. It was decided
at the last meeting of the Committee to issue a call for contribution*
to an "Organizing Fund" through
the columns of the Western Clarion,
such call to remain standing in iU
columns. Acknowledgement of all
moneys received will tie made
through the same methum, either by
publication ot the donor's name, or
such nom do plume as he may choose..
Moneys contributed to this fund
are 'to be used for the purpose above
stated only. Contributions should
be sent to
Room 3, 222 Prior St.
Vancouver, B.C.
The following sums have been received:
O. Rayner   $1.00
C. O. 1). Penticton      1.00
Dr. Curry, Chilliwack      2.00
Once upon a time the lambs in
convention assembled decided to select only such wolves to preside over
the fold as would not use thekr teeth
too harshly in dealing with their faithful subjecte. A movement i* said to
be on foot among the typos to elect
as judges only such men as will not
abuse the use of the injunction In
case of labor troubles. All of which
Is too serious to Joke about.
Now that the session of the local
house is overt- it would be well for
every Socialist In the Province to get
busy In preparing, for the next Provincial election which will be upon us
ln about 18 months. There are 42 dls-
trlcU in the Province, and there must
be that number of Socialist cumulate* In the field. British Columbia
is easily in the front rank ln the class
war upon this continent and will be
the first State or Province to bo captured by the revolutionary proletariat.
The next Provincial campaign will be
a warm one. There ia much work to
be done ln preparing fo* the fray.
Let every Local and Individual get
Bakers In France are subjected to
several unusual rules and regulations.
In large fortified towns, for InsUnce,
they must always have a certain stock
In hand in case of war. Not only this,
but everywhere they have to deposit a
aum of money ln the hands of tho
municipal authorities as a surety of
good conduct; and the law, not content with merely looking after the
weight* and measures, actually decides the price at which bread is sold.
It would seem from this that even
capitalist governments have little confidence ln the scalawags of which the
modern business fraternity 1* composed.
The Dominion Executive Committee
haa decided to call for funds to be
uaed for the purpose of pushing for
ward the work of organizing such
parts of the Dominion of Canada as
have not yet been reached. There ia
a vast field to be covered which will
sj)f necessity entail considerable expense. The necessary funds can, however, be obtained If I-oculs, Individual comrades and friends will take
the matter up by gathering and forwarding such contributions aa may
be forthcoming. As soon aa the requisite funds may be gathered it ls
the intention of the committee to
arrange trips, for one or more or-gnn-i
izera, covering as large a section of
territory as possible. With energetic
action in the matter of raising funds
and j-udicdous application of tha annus,
by the committee a much needed
work may be carried out that will
bear fruit in future election campaigns.
All money received for thia fund,
will be uaed solely for the purpose
stated. The committee, at ita meeting on Feb. 27, appropriated from
the General Fund tha aum of $25,
to be applied to the Organising Fund
All money received for thia fund will
be acknowledged through the columns of the Western Clarion.
Dominion Organizing  Fund.
The following sums have been   received to date:
Dominion Ex.  Com  $2o.00
Local Toronto        5.00
Forward all contributions to
J. G. MORGAN, Sec.
551 Barnard St.
Vancouver, B.C.
PHONE  A1676
Vancouver .Mange.
Employment   and   Financial Agents.
Real Estate   Exports and    Business
Room 0, Miller Block.
22 Cordova St, Vancouver, B.C.
J. Edward Bird,    A. O. Brydon-Jack
Geo. E. McCrossan.
Tel. 829. P.O. Box, 982.
824 Heatings Bt, , . Vaacouvar, B.C.,
We, the Socialist Party ol Caaada,
ln convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the International revolutionary working claea.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should Justly belong. To
the owners of the meana of wealth
production belongs the product ot
labor. The present economic system is baaed upon capitalist owner-
Khlp of the meana ol wealth production; therefore all the produc la of
labor belong to the capitaliat claaa.
The capitalist ia master, the worker
ia alave.
So long aa the capltaliaU remain
in poaaeaaion of the reins of government all the powers of the state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the meana of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitaliat ay stem gives to tha
capitaliat an ever-swelline- stream of
profits, and to tho worker aa ever-
Increasing measure of misery and
The interest of the working claaa
Ilea in the direction ol setting Itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wag** system. To
accomplish this neceaaitatess the
transformation of capitalist property in the meana of wealth production Into collective or working-, lass
The ir repress it de conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker Is rapidly culminating la a
struggle for possession of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure lt by political
action.   Thia la the clasa struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers to organize under the banner of
the Socialiat Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of setting up
and enforcing the economic program
of the working da**, as follow.:
1, The transformation aa rapidly
aa possible, of capitalist property In
the means of wealth production (natural resource*, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) Into the collective pro-
party of the working claaa.
2. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
8. The establishment, oa speedily
aa possible, of production for use
Instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when la office
shall always and everywhere until
the present system ia abolished,
make the answer to thia question Ha
guiding rule of conduct. Will this
legislation advance the intereate of
the working class and aid the workers tn their claaa struggle againat
capitalism? If it will, the Socialiat
Party Is for It; if It will not, the
Socialiat Party la absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with thia principle
the Socialiat Party pledges Itself to
conduct all the public affaire placed
in ita hands in such a manner aa to
promote the Interests of tha work,
iag claaa alone.
gay Kvtry Labor t'nion m llir pro-rlm.- 1, ■«
vltrd to place s card under thi. bead. |i.w -L
tuuutli.    Secrrlarir. pleiuw autc
Phoenix Miners' Union, No. 1
W. F. M. Meet! every Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Mintrr"
hall. V. Ingram, pre-drfc-nt; W. a.
Plckard, secretary.
g0r Every Local of th« SoclaJut
Party of Caaada should run a etri
under this bead. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Executive Committee, Socialist
Party of Canada, meets 2nd sad
4th Tuesday ln each month. W. H.
Flo were, Secretary. It. 3., 22%
Prior Street.
DOMINION EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. Socialiat Party of <.'anada,
meeta every 2nd and 4 th i*u-*sj-laj
In Uie Month. J. U. Morgan. Sec
rotary, 581 Bernard Street, \ „•>-
eouver,  II.  C.
of Canada. Business meeting* ty.
ery Monday evening at haadquti-
tors. Ingleside Block. 813 C'amhl*
Street, (room 1, second floor.) ic-
■national mestlnga every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall.
Cordova Street.
D. P. M1LI-S. Secretary.
Box BBS, Van. ouver B. C.
LOCAL TORONTO—Mccta  2nd   and
4lh Tuesdays, SoflaUM lu-ad)-tia.-
tcrs. 185| IM.-.11 St.. Weet. V.
Dale. Sec., 41 Betty St. .I.»i-h
branch every Sunday night, mum
third Sunday in Mai caber I Uii
corner King and Pacific A\«- , at
3.30    p.m.       Secretary J,  Coxae,
220 Prince-** St.. Winnipeg
JSS I      '       si   I  I       I . 1
WANTED: by Chicago whelm.*
house, special representaUv • lor
each province In Canada. t-.ilary
120,00 and expenses paid weekly.
Expense money advanced. BusV
nese successful, position permanent-
No investment required. 1're- ion*
experience not essential to e-ngug-
iag. Addraaa
General Manager, 132 Lake St.
Chicago. 111..  U.S.A.
1 _ij.._. j
• •■•••■•■sa«»>#*»»»*weie|
hereby apply for membership
In Local
 Socialist I'arty of
I recognise the claaa struggle
between the capitalist class and
the working claaa to be a
struggle for political supremacy, I. e., poaseaaion of tha
reins of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workera Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all partiea of the capitalist claas.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relatione with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate meana tha ticket and the
program of the Socialiat Party
of Canada only.
A (Id res*	
Admitted to Local 1»0,.
 , Rec-Sec.
Thia issue 1* No. 301. ].' Ihls 11
the number upon your address slip.
yoor subsctiptloa expires with this
number. If further copies ara derir-
ed. renewal should be made at oare
If care la takes to renew before th*
expiration of the old aubaciiptlons It
will greatly simplify matters in th *
office as well aa avoid any break la
receipt of papers.
The Meat Laser Piter la Cassis
ss exponent in the
of labor.
Always a Onr lews
For one dollar the paper will be
sent U> any address for one year.
Workingmen of all countries wi! I
eoou recognize the fact that they
must support and read their labor
Issued every Friday.
Tit Vele* ftlMtof Ct., Upltta
Published Weekly by ths
Wnttri F<asratlsl BI HlMrs
'A Vigorous Advocate of Labor's
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.      Six Months, AOe,
Denver. Colorado.
soDcK th*~ba.lls*M ef Manufastumi,
moderate.  Oar
Five yearly 8ub. cards-$3.75. K^,^.r^afc^^"X
s Adviser sent upon
New York life"'"
SO**    '  tt,Ht^S   °M
cu.** satarday
. ^ .. .March 24, ISrOft.
Provincial Legislature
OoBtiaued from Page One.)
Mr Oliver then moved thut "fifth
BlaSS miglueeia might be employed for
ihe purpose of maintaining    steam."
Mr. Hawthornthwaite protested
uKuliiiit the motion. All It meant wa*
lhat employer* would be able to blrt
., night watchman at ICO a month to
do the work that they would have to
pay an engineer $70 or 180 a month
for, The danger at night Was a*
-.-•at a* I" 'h« day, and he did not
.ee why three hundred engineers In
Hie Province who hud gone to th«
„xi>etiBe Of securing certificates should
i„- thrown out of work In order to
nave a little expense to the employer*
Mr. I'atemon said that tbe ability
lo get u certificate was no proof of
what an engineer could do. Home-
time* experience counted for a great
deal more than education.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite then began
t., .par tor time, so lhat he could
lung over lhe BUI till lhe evening Bitting, when he knew that he could
sill It If he wished to, alrice the
House wa* going to prorogue, and he
could object to it going through more
than one Bluge. A* a practical way
. t Ailing UP time he read the following letter, which hud been handed
over to him by Mr. J. F. Garden:
Holler  lllM|M-)1l.tll   Act.
Vancouver, B. C March 11. ltOf.—
Mr. Hawthornthwaite, M. L. A„ Victoria. Dear i-lr: I had a long conversation (hi* morning Willi Mr. A. It. I).
McOowan re our objection io amendments io Holler Inspection Act.
i have written Mr. Garden a long
'.Iter on the subject, and urn sorry 1
have not lime to explain the mutter
more fully to you. but I have ex-
plalned to him uud have no doubt he
aiII   lay   tbe   matter   fully   before  you.
If you are unable to have tlie
. hangea made a* we suggest, you
would do u* u great favor If you
could have the am.-n.imeiit laid on
th.* tab!.- Uii w> are able to go more
fully Inlo the matter.
Tli,.i.kliig you In anticipation. I am
>.i..irs very truly,
1631   Kobeon   Street.
Vancouver, B. <-'.. March 11, 1S06.—
;. r Garden, K*-|.. M. I. a. for Vun-
,,uv.t Victoria. H. C Dear Sir: I
had a long conversation with Mr. A.
li B. McOowan thi* morning relating
to th..- amendment to the Holler In-
spection Act of 1S01, nnd he lias ad-
u-u-.l me to write you and explain
fuli*.  the reason of our objections.
I understand from Mr. MoOowan
that he ha* Informed y<-u of our ob-
JecUone, but I Ihlnk it will ta lietter
a I explain the matter fully to you
(rum our point of view.
Till* Association haa nd desire to
play tht dog lu th- manger, nor will
v,n appose any holiest endeavors lo
improv. tin present Act, and are wish
n understood that we huve taken the
following obj.ctloiui solely because We
consider the amendment* Injurious.
We have no objection* to a fifth-
.tlaaa or grade certificate being Issued
provided It i* uppiied properly. In
fact. In the month of June. 1805, this
Association proposed the following lo
< hi>-f inspector Peck:
Thai all small plant* where ll wa*
necessary to have the engineer uble
to specialise in other work, such as
crcatnerlee, where a man ha* to be
engineer and buttertnaker, threshing
inachtnea where a man ha* to be en-
girted and farmer, logging engines
when a man has to be engineer nnd
hook tender, and other similar plants
where it seem* to u* to be an Injustice to the owner to have lo supply
two men to do one man** work, wc
suggested that a special yearly certificate be granted on payment of a
nail yearly fee tif $1.00 or 12.00 each
year by lha party wishing to operate
' .i.ii a plant.
And lhat such time acted ns cngin-
ier under those conditions would not
qualify a* time to count for applying
for any other grade.
our reason for this I* that such a
man would get Into the way of a cer-
tnln clasa of work and If ever allowed
to qualify for a higher grade might
plow the examlnntlon, but would be
Mich a poor rnimple of mechanic ns
to bring forth a howl from the steam
v-ser*. a* I believe now I* heard over
donkey men in the wood*.
We further wl*h to remark that
the boiler power to bo *o operated
by *uch a grade certificate be no
more than twenty-nve horsepower.
Our reason for so stating Is that
lhe liability to damage from explosion l* thus brought down to a minimum. We object to the fifth-cla**
man in charge of any plant where
"team I* kept on for drying purposes,
Mich n* a sawmill nt night where
steam I* kept up to dry lumber.
To make this matter plain, 1 will
state a case of a plant In town here:
Thc plant consists of two batteries
of hollers, each boiler being eighty
horsepower, and altogether eight
hollers. To operate the plant through
the dny requires eighty-five to ninety
pounds pressure, to dry out the lumber In the dry kilns at night requires
seventy-five to eighty pounds pree-
«»re, as the enclosed slip containing
the night watchman'* report of thc
plant In question will bear out.
This Is the same anywhere at
nights, It being Impossible to dry lumber and get results with less than
sixty-five to seventy pounds steum.
Now, these plants ure situated an a
iuie near property and residence*
where the mill employes sleep, and
should anything like an explosion oc-
< ur the danger of loss of life and
property la obvloue.
Again, a man with a certifcate of
'be grade in question ls as likely as
not to be a Jack of all trade*, and the
Ions of bis certificate only means to
him a change of the kind of work he
1 »rn* a livelihood by, whereas a prop
crly qualified man whose business Is en-
Rlneerlng can't afford to take any
ilsk* to looae his meana of livelihood.
Of course, heating plants, if the
word* mean heating office* and building* where the man fn charge Is
also Janitor eomea under the heud of
the special certificate  we have  men
tioned. I
We .julte agree that the schedule
ought to be amended, but do not
agree to the proposed change.
We > oii.Hid.-r that the words, "a certified engineer I* In charge," ure toj
vague und docs not place the responsibility where It belongs.
For Instance, take the case of a
plunt where the superintendent or
owner ba* a certificate, the engineer
operating take* orders from either of
these men and naturally If an accident occur* there Is going to be a difficulty In pla-ing the responsibility.
We understand ulso the foolishness
of a man whose uume Is on the certificate, a* it now read*, being in
churge after he ha* left the plant, uo
we HUggest the amendment read thus,
"where the engineer whose certificate
hung* In the plant 1* In churge."
This will also cause the engineer to
see thut hi* certMcate Is hung in a
conspicuous place instead of hi* tool
Chest, as Is often the case at present.
A* this matter *eem* to us to huve-
been unduly rushed through the
House, we have nut been able to be
as explicit a* we should have liked tu
be, but we trust that you will be able
to have our views in the matter laid
before  the proper quarter.
If you cannot huve this matter altered us we suggest, we do not see
any reason why it cannot be laid over
for another session, when we are of
the opinion the steam users who now
si em to be most bitter against the
Act   will  have u  better opinion of It.
Trusting you will grant us your
Boat favorable consideration In thi*
matter, we are your* very truly,
Per  W.  A.  Robertson,  Secretary.
P, S. 1 Hml I won't have time to
explain the facts fully to Mr. Hawthornthwaite. so I huve referred him
to you for our opinion* on the sub-
He thought the suggestion* of the
Engineers* Association were g-iod
ones, arid thai the Hill should be
stood for another session. It might
be stood ovei for u few days, anyhow,
and be moved that tbe committee rise
and report progress.
The motion was defeated, and Mr.
Hawthornthwaite   then     moved   that
his amendment to the Bin should not
apply to engines kept for heating and
drying purposes should be accepted.
He pointed out that ar a "-eBull of
the appointment of Incompetent men
some horrible accident might occur,
and his only desire was to protect life
..u.i property,
Th.- amendment was defeated, but
by this lime the hour of S.30 wa*
reached, and H* the Bill wa* not yet
through cornmiUee. lt was practically
at Mr. Hawthornthwaite's mercy, and
h<- had thus so far won hi* point.
j\t the evening session the Hill wu*
taken up again, und Mr. Hawthornthwaite moved that the whole of Section 3 Subdivision la, which reads as
follows, should be struck out: "A
• fifth-class engineer may take charge
Of any plant where steam Is kept for
heating or drying purpose*, or of nny
legging engine or boiler." The resolution io strike the passage out cur-
lied and he then moved In substitution:
"A fifth-class engineer may lake
charge of any logging engine or boiler
..r am engine used for farm purpose*
not exceeding 20 horsepower, provided always that the service as flfth-
dass engineer shall not OOUBt a* experience In application for any higher
grade certificate."
Mr.   Oliver   thought   that   the   proviso in the latter part of the amend
men!  was absurd, for.  Whlls
The Powers Whfck Oppose Us
[Continued From Page One]
continent 2,000,000 children have been
forced into the labor market through
poverty. What a proud position do they
hold, who ln the name of law and order, morals or religion, defend that
thing which roba children of their
childhood, which grinds up their flesh
nnd blood into profits, and which
curses humanity with an ever increasing harvest of misery and crime.
It is evident that the more conventional education one has absorbed the
more opposed he must be to revolution,
and this Is why the full grown scribes
and Pharisees, hypocrites, of this generation, are quite as antagonistic to
proletarian interests as they were 2,000
years ago. They are well provided for
are looked up to by those whom they
ride.   Why should they want a change?
Not only doea the economic Interest
of the educated classes determine ihls
opposition, but to entertain the proposition that their education and preeminence Is really baaed on legalised
robbery, to Bay nothing of auch support, a* adulterated foods, watered
stocks, corners on pork, etc., ia not
compatible with that serenity and self-
esteem which characterizes high grade
capitalistic culture.
"To almost any member of the "re-
spectable class" the thought of revolution Is distasteful, but the bourgeois
female will usually spurn the idea of
overthrowing established forma and infernos of this world as violently as she
would reject any proposal to abolish
ihe hell of the next, and for the same
leason. Physically she is more tree,
mentally more enslaved than the women of the working claaa
The idea of a double code of moral*,
end that It Is "not proper" for her to
vote or take an active Interest in the
great social questions appeals alike to
her vanity and superficiality. She
much prefers a. pretty lie to an ngly
When we consider the determining
influence* of woman's education we no
longer wonder that she so often seems,
a* Edward Carpenter says, "a cross
between an angel and an idiot," but
while her folly te due to a perverted
education and ls by no meana confined
to her sex, her innate goodness actually
endures In spite of it
The attitude of the educated mind
toward Socialism is a study in itself.
To many the Juggernaut ot capitalism
w hicn is ever crushing the body ani
soul out of millions is a thing too holy
to overthrow. They prefer a world of
master* und slaves, of paupers and
parasites, to one In which poverty
would necessitate the breaking of their
idols. If thus is not so, then why do
they not examine Socialism before condemning it?
One would suppose that those rc-
*l*ectable people who stoop so graciously in their works of charity would
... tarty examine the claims of those
who t.ll them that under co-operative
production for u*e, all poverty would
be abolished. I* this charity, after all,
but another "impression of this universal robbery?" Is this but an opiate to
keep the laboring class quiet, a cloak
by the doning of which thieve* can
pose n* Good Samaritans?
The fact now admitted by the capitalist pre**, that the Increase of poverty keep* pace with the Increase of
the power* of wealth production should
convince anyone that the management
of our »oclal life ls a coloaaal crime,
a boy of! Thi* fact seals the damnation and de-
15   could
that  the w
lunllfy for a fourth-class
It would debar a mun of
altogether. He moved
>rds "provided always that
BUSh service shall not count on application for a higher grade certificate,"
should be struck out.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said if they
were going to turn u lot of hayseeds
loose to manage engines they might
a* well have no regulation* at all.
Mr. Oliver said he considered that
it required no small skill to manage
a Steam engine 2UH mile* away from
(Ivlli-uitloii. and a man that could do
that with a complete kit of tools
ought to be able to qualify for a certificate on his experience.
His amendment being put to the
committee, the vote stood l'l to 12.
"I vote for the member for Delta."
said Chairman Murphy, and Mr. Oliver's amendment carried amid a general titter.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite moved to
strike out from Section 4 the word*
"certified engineer I* In charge," and
to substitute "where the certificate of
the engineer Is exposed to view In a
conspicuous place In the plant."
This amendment carried without
opposition, and the bill waa reported
complete with amendments By con-
Rent of the House it became a law by
being allowed to pass through the report stage and third reading in the
same evening. A* It stand*, however,
It la practically Mr. Huwthornth-
watte's bill, hi* suggestion* having
been accepted on all the most vital
A matter Of some Importance to
workingmen that came up at the last
Hitting nf the House was Mr. J. D.
McNIvln's bill for the safety of passengers OH tramways and street railway*. Tho main object of the bill
wu* to do away with the running
board* on the side of open car*, and
to compel the construction of central
aisle* Instead.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said It seemed
to him there was a misunderstanding
about this BUI. He did not think that
men working on street railways wanted to do away with tbe running
board*. AH they did a*k was that a
central passage should be constructed
in each oar for convenience In collecting fares. He would also move an
amendment to the efTect that not
more than three person* should be
allowed to stand In the front vestibule nt any time.
The Bin was defeated on
rending by the casting vote
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said that labor measures did not seem to bo in
favor at this stage, and by permission of the Hon*..- In* would withdraw
hi* Shops Regulation Act, and bring
It forward again at another session.
The House then prorogued with tho
usual antiquated formalities.
of  the
rt versed, and tbe basis of education
will not be dead, and dying things an 1
things that should have been buriel
centuries ago, but will teach us how to
live in the greatest harmony with our
si rroundlngs, which show us how to
live lhe deepest, broadest, highest, happiest life, and because of this the 4e-
\ilopment of the critical faculties will
lie of first Importance.
We as socialists believe In that eg>-
tlsm so great that it is altruism. W-*
believe that "self-love guided by-
knowledge embraces with It* mighty
crms the whole human race." Soci ll-
lsm Is more than class-conscious - It !i>
If the educated classes would only
look they would see that they too are
enslaved. "Follow the chain of the
slave," salo Emerson, "and It will be
found upon the wrists of the master,"
and It is even so. The rich are rotting
at the top and the poor are starving
at the bottom. It is as Paul Laforgue
rays: "The leading capitalists are sad
specimens of the human race. Thc
ir ark of degeneracy ls upon tbem.
Satiated and disgusted with everything
they are followed everywhere with en-
r.ul a* by their shadow. They yawn
at rising, and when they go to bed they
yawn. They yawn at their feasts und
at their orgle*. They begin yawning at
their mother'* womb."
Kot-iullHin a Worklng-CIa** Move-
It is evident that Socialism must be
a working-, lass movement, since all
the power* of church and state are opposed to it, and to this class we must
flr*t  appeal.
At, revolutionists we should ever be
alive to the fact that on the world's
great stage we now take the leading
roles In fhe most momentous act of
human history, and when we realize
this glorious privilege which i» ours, we
should be inspired with the highest enthusiasm and zeal for the cause.
Ever remembering our great responsibilities, we should use every effort
to destroy prejudice and create interest
in the Socialist movement—support lecturers and organize locals in every
town and village In the land. We
should spread Socialist literature far
and wide and turn on a flood of revolution so deep and wide and swift that
the workers who are not lifted by the
flcod will be swept away—so deep and
wide and strong tbat even the educated classes may be swept off their
feet and forced in self defense to fight
for u* and the new day which Is surely coming.
Today the very air is vibrating with
revolution. Everywhere we hear the
tramp, tramp of coming armies of labor driven to revolt through want—a
world movement sweeping onward
with irrestlble force.
In the coming revolution we witness
the resultant of aeons of evolution and
dissolution, the consummation of myriads of births and deaths, of struggles and defeats, and we believe and
are assured  that  this tragic  act,  the
structlon of capitalist civilization!
One great difficulty ts that our
source* of information are corrupted
by the name powers which corrupt our
legislature nnd courts, and which determine all other conventional institution*, but a system built on robbery
tan only be maintained by deceit, and
Intellectual prostitution is one of the
fine arts and most powerful agents of
capitalism. The capitalist class, wise
in its generation, Is well aware that
to state the facts regarding our social
condition* and publish articles by revolutionists would be ruinous to their
The result ts the educated classes
live for the most part In a fool's paradise, and know little of the real world
nnd nothing of the under world of the
poor. Like the proverbial ostrich, they
put their head in the sand and Imagine
that all ts well. They lack the cour-
pge to face the facta
Naturally they will not accept the
doctrine of economic determinism or
Investigate the Socialist movement, for
to do so would be to admit that the
major part of their curriculum* and
literature, theologies, statutes and
moral*—all their gilded domes and
lofty turrets must go down with a
crash as soon as its foundation of
wsge labor ls replaced by co-operation.
Naturally those who wield the sceptres
in our political, juridical, financial and
military world* do not relish the proposition that the "man In overalls" will
In a few years dump them and their
kingdoms Into the social aah barrel.
We cannot blame them. Self preservation ls tbe strongest law of life, and
it Is the force behind the Socialist
movement The leadens of society have
at last a glimmering of the truth, and
have forever left behind them the
warm precincts of sentimental Socialism. Sentiment and sympathy are very
nice in their way, but cannot for a moment stand up against economic forces,
and we have evidence that even "professional ethics" haa an economic basis,
and like "fraternity" It Is mostly
question of "doea It pay?"
In the coming order the Intellectual
misers and literary antiquarians will
have to get down and out while thi
pedagogical varnlshers and whitewaah-
ers—those whose function It la to "polish pebbles and dim diamond*"—will
find their occupation gone. Those wbo
today are paid for tinkering with some
of the eruptions and blotches of our
si clul smallpox will not be needed, as
the social sewers and cesspools from
which these symptoms develop will be
rbollshed. It Is quite natural that the
f.oclnllst movement should have many
ci (inles. The teachers in the comln-r
civilisation will deal with real nnd living subjects. The late Professor Hux
lej told us that the "tree of knowledi■:■
has Its roots" in the air, so under a
rational order of society this would be
The Montreal "Witness" says that
when representatives of the working
class enter public life "they will find,
to begin with, that their title is a
usurped one. Canada is altogether a
workingmen'* country. It has no leisure class." The question is not whether the capitalist works or does not
work. The question is does he render
tc society services equivalent to the reward he obtain*. The "work" of the
capitalist clas* in Canada mostly consists of scheming to get every inch of
the hide from the laborer and then further scheming to extract from the other capitalist his Bhare of the pelt. Such
work merits no reward save such as is
given at the end of a rope slung over
the branch of a tree or the cross arm
of a convenient telegraph pole. The
crganization of Industry the only useful work the capitalist class ever did,
ls now so perfect that no death, no
change of ownership affects any
branch of Industry. Industry ls :n
perfect shape, ready to be taken over
by the working class, when It becomes
i ufTleiently conscious of its Interests.
SPARTACUS, in the Wlnnlpjg
A metal mixer capable of dealing
with 750 tons of metal at a time. Is
or. ned by the Ebbw Vale Steel Company. The huge boat-shaped contrivance ts set on massive steel rollers, and a couple of hydraulic rams
mounted on trunnion* provide thc
tilting motion and keep the immense
boat rocking from side to side. Posts
are provided for gas-firing, so as to
maintain the temperature of the contents of the vessel. This ts said to be
the largest metal-mixer of its type^
ci ming contest between the powers
that be and those that are to be, will
be our last struggle with those fanged
form* that have followed us from the
Jungles and lairs of iot.g ago.
Today we hear everywhere the voice
of the poor demanding that poverty
shall eease, the voice of the oppressed
pronouncing the doom of the oppressor; the voice of power brought out of
suffering, of resolution crushed out of
weakness, of joy and beauty born ln ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
the bottomless pit of anguish and de- "bouts tn his new-born exultation.
spalr; the voice of labor despised, out-   conquers the world.
taged. A mighty giant, lying poetrate,
mountainous colossal but blindly lgno-
rant of his strength. And now a dream
of resistance haunts him, hope battling
with fear, and suddenly he stirs and a
fetter snap* and a thrill shoots through
him and In a flash the dream becomes
a resolution. He starts, he lifts himself, tbe bonds are shattered, the burdens roll off htm. He rises, towertlng,
gigantic.    He springs to his feet, he
New Spring
% %n
Just Arrived From Glasgow, Scotland.
AH Kinds of Fine and
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Serges and Fine Striped
Pantings Made to Order in
the Latest Styles atv the
Cheapest Prices.
Charlie Dunn & Co.
100 Hastings Street.      .*?      &     Vancouver, B. C.
-   Out   {Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
From $25.00 Cp.
12 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.
Colonial Bakery
29  Johnson  St..   Victoria.   B.C.
Delivered  to any  part of tb. dty.    Ash
Driver   to   call.      Thon.   849.
Do you Know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
fce jl. CBAirai!
71 Ctvsnaeal Street, Vtaerle. S. C
60  YEARS'
Tram Marks
Anyone sending s sketch and desert pi ton amy
>, sickly -uceruln oar opinion tree whether as
Intuition ts pr..h.bly p.t.ntJjb-aCoeiiDanlf«.
 oasa JSunn 0 i
nwwl noticf, without charge, la the
cy for securingjmnii.
turn, strictly condilentlal. HAH .
ent free. Oldest uency for swearing patent.
Patent, taken through Ilium A CO. ree.tr.
sent free, oldest
serial nM__,.
Scientific American.
  Makle.   Lai-Mst circulation of any scl.nUSe toarnal.   Term.. (8 a
■ -■-- -   BoSdbyaU i        "   "
A handsomely lll.str.ted
■    Ion of .ny scl.nu
four mouth.. IL
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Victoria General Agent for—
"      WORLD
Prompt 'and regular daily delivery
service to subscribers.
P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
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Bundloa of 35 or more conies to
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Patronise our advertisers.
United Hatters of North America
when you are buying a FUR RAT aea U It that
the Genuine Ualoa Label la sewsd la it. II a retailer
has loose labels ia hla possession aad offers te pat
one ln a hat tor you, do not patronize alas. Loess
labels in retail stores ara counterfeits. The genuine
Ualoa Label la perforate* oa four wages, exactly the
seme ss a pact age strop- Counterfstts are seme,
tiroes perforated on tares wages, aad sons times eni;
oa two. John B. Stetson Co.. ef Philadelphia ta a
non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOrrtTT,  President. Oraage. M. J.
MARTIN    LAWLOR.    Secretary,    ll  W everly    Place
Seer York.
by buying this
reliable, honest,
high grade searing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
Cascade Beer   sells all
Queen Beer      Over the
Ale and StOUt     Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
:'   11 *fl» WESTERN gLA&gg.     VAKCOUVtR,   ttMTlfig   OOLEMMA,
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j ■ -■ .*»■■■
Edited by R. P. PETTIPIECK. to whom all oorreaponderice for this department should be addressed. j$
Toronto  Socialists  Put Up a Lively
Contest and Get Results.
The bye-election ln the North Toronto Provincial riding resulted    as follows:
McNaug-ht (Conservative)  3833
Urquhart (Liberal)  2«8
Simpson (Socialist)    260
Total   vote    *617
Socialist percentage of total about
The vote 1n the same district at the
general elections on January 25 was:
Nesbitt (Conservative)  5189
Blain  (Liberal)   8704
Shjjpson (Socialist)   211
Total vote  9104
Socialist percentage of total vote,
It will be seen that the Socialist
party scored an increase of about 50
votes and of about 1.3 per cent of thc
total vote (or about 26 per cent increase in the Socialist vote) in one year,
and this in the face of a decrease in
the total vote of about 2,500. Undoubtedly there were many Socialist workingmen who were unable to leave the
factories and vote, although some rode
in the automobiles and cabs supplied by
tba capitalist parties and then voted
the working clasa ticket.
The campaign lasted only a week,
and during this time the comrades distributed 10,000 manifestos from house
to house, and also held two propaganda meetings In halls In the up-town
residential districts, the collections at
each of these meetings being more than
$5. The campaign, therefore, cost only
about $20, and this will be largely met
by contributions.
The wide distribution of the vote is
shown by the fact that in only fourteen
of the eighty-two polling places were
no votes cast for Socialism. In four divisions the vote ran up into two figures, and ln one case the Socialist secured 10 votes to the Liberals 19. And
all this in the most select residential
district where workingmen live in tumble-down shacks amongst the mansions
of the wealthy.
A year ago Comrade Simpson received many temperance votes, but this
year this outfit did not bother us with
their proffered endorsatlon, and gave
their votes to the Sunday school superintendent, who was the Liberal candidate. Comrade Simpson conducted a
clean, uncompromising campaign.
Though still incllneo to emphasize the
fact that he Is a church member, he ia
undoubtedly learning the revolutionary
Socialist lesson.
Enclosed find three more subscrlp-
k tlons. O* W. W.
Toronto, February 24.
Hon of cackling hens of the wrong sex
known in the present Provincial Legislature aa the opposition? Or ls it an
admission that the aforesaid conglomeration la incapable of doing anything
but cackle ln objection when some other hen lays an egg or attempts to do
Into the Hastings Street office of a
popular physician on Saturday last
there entered two young ladles. One
walked with difficulty and appeared to
bc In pain. After a careful examination by the doctor the question was
"What ls your avocation V
"t am a waitress ln  's restaurant'-
"How many hours are you employed
each day?"
"Pp you sit down while on duty?"
"No: when not waiting upon custo-
mers I stand."
"Tour trouble Is varicose veins. You
are overwrought. You must have rest
or you will be permanently crippled.
Lie up for awhile."
"Good God! I can't afford to lie up.
If I do I shall starve. It takes all that
I get In wages to keep me while I am
"This true tale is respectfully dedicated te Comrade Hawthonthwalte in
the hope that he will devise a plan for
the relief of the overworked waiter
girls of Vancouver.—Vancouver World.
Whether the last paragraph ln the
above was intended as a slur upon
either the unfortunate waitress or
Hawthornthwaite, or is to be considered merely one of those displays of
imbecility that feeble-minded persona
cannot well avoid making, matters but
little. At any rate the tale told ls one
of the present system of property,
and among the panders to which the
World 1s by no means the least. Juat
why Hawthornthwaite should be called
upon to bring relief to the harried victims of Ihe wage system's brutality Is
not clear. If the World is sincere In
desiring that any relief plan be devised, why not call upon the oggrega-
Commune   Anniversary
With a Good Audience, a Satisfactory
Meeting Waa Held In Sullivan
Hall on Sunday Evening.—The
Speakers Were George Dales and
E. T. Kingsley.
Geo. Dales, who spoke briefly, outlined the place occupied in history by
the Commune, dealing more at length
with the lessons to be learned from
the event by the worklngclass of today. First, put not your trust ln
kings, be they French, British or
otheir, nor ln the ruling classes. Liberty conceded or handed down by the
grace or favor of any man or party
was a dishonoring insult and unworthy of men. If my liberty, said
the speaker, ls the gift of any power
above me, I at once become a political pensioner or pauper. Current
events In Coloirado and Idaho prove
beyond doubt that the spirit of the
ruling class has not changed, except
for the wou-se. Events now transpiring ln these States indicate a fiendish
ferocity and an unscrupulous disregard not only of human feeling, but of
legal form, never equalled ln similar
circumstances at any time nor In any
State claiming to be civilized. Trite
as the saying has become, "who
would be free himself must strike the
blow" its truth becomes ever more
appatrent. Next the necessity for an
organized, self-reliant working class,
with clear, well-defined views, agreed
in principle and policy, and unflinching courage and resolve to carry their
cause to victory. Socialists are sometimes charged. In derision, with wanting the whole earth, or its resources;
they cannot consistently abate that
demand, their programme includes
the whole community, for these they
demand the means of life, not to
gratify any personal ambition, or aggrandizement, but as hostages for the
physical and Intellectual liberty of
E. T. Kingsley, after acknowledging
the inspiration supplied by the music
and song, and the presence of ao
many ladies in the audience, proceeded to an able and forcible exposition of the whole subject
Dealing with the Franco-Prussian
War, of which the Commune waa the
final development the speaker traced
the events which furnished the opportunity and to some extent the incentive and Inspiration of the Communards. Paris, the beautiful capital qf
ihe leading State ln Europe, had always possessed a quota of (revolutionary workmen, among the noblest and
best tbe world haa ever aeen; frugal,
Intelligent and capable of great self-
sacrifice, qualities shared, too, In
large measure by their wives and
even children.
When these, the flower of French
manhood, saw the degrading, humiliating and cowardly plot of the Drench
Commanders and    ruling    classes to
surrender the city    to the Prussians,
when they recognised the hollowness
of Race Patriotism and the universal
and cosmopolitan bonda of steel that
bind In a common interest and policy
of repression, the ruling class of the
world, and Instanced by the aid given
by the Prussians to the F.rench again*
the Communards; thia was the chanc.
seized  to establish,  for sixty days, a
civic government,  that    for    ability.
Justice and consideration for all within its pale, stands unrivalled, and an
enduring monument to the worth of
the working class.   But the success of
the  Commune only  further enraged
the  ruling class and    their military
tools, who would rather see Farnce a
Prussian province and maintain their
social and economic   mastery of the
masses, than see It ruled ln the interests and by those masses themselves.
Bribery and   ignorance   among   the
troops  of   the     Provisional   Government, then removed to Versailles, the
aid of the victorious    Prussians, the
trustfulness and lack of organisation
ind  knowledge  of    military  matters
imong the    Communards are mainly
accountable for the fall of the Commune.   Their very virtues contributed
to  their  undoing.     Cheered  by    the
ludlence, the    speaker,    here    made
some scathing criticisms of professlon-
i!  murder, alias soldiering;  said he:
"I love a soldier as I do a policeman."
Every man should have a gun, but In
his own keeping and for his own protection.
The concluding pairt of Com. Klng-
sley's address was a forceful application of the subject to current events
and an appeal to the worker to be
ready for the unbaring of the iron
hand of Capitalism on this continent.
Comrade Jas. Pritchard occupied
the chair. With Miss Polly Purr at
the piano and the songs of the Glee
Club, directed by Mr. E. T. Burns, a
pleasant variation was made from the
routine meetings.
Meetings will be held every Sunday evening, In Sullivan Hull, from
now until further notice.
Come along next Sunday, and bring
your neighbor.
Editor Clarion: Dear Sir, Comrade
Williams and myself have to thank
you for the excellent report of our efforts in the House on behalf of the
workers of this Province. As we had
rot time to personally revise the report
a few minor errors were bound to occur. There ls one which I would desire
to have corrected. You quote me as
having stated that the Province has
still over 200,000 acres of land not alienated. This should read over 200,000,000.
Tours faithfulyly,
Vancouver I/ncal No.  I.
The regular business meeting was
held at headquarters on Monday evening, March 19, Comrade Pritchard In
the chair and Comrade McKenzie recording secretary pro tern.
Minutes of previous meeting read and
Warrants as follows were authorized.
Due stamps   $2.50
Hall rent    3.50
Rent of headquarters    10.00
Printing Western Clarion     2.00
Total  $18.00
Program committee reported that
Comrade A. R. Stibblngs had been se
cured as the speaker for the Sullivan
Hall meeting on Sunday evening next
and Comrade R. P. Pettipiece for the
Sunday following.
Ways and means committee report
ed tbat a dance will be hMd in Hogir's
Hall    on    Westminster    Avenue      on
Thursday evening, March 29, under the
auspices of the local.
Comrades   Leah,   Stephens   and   lis
Kenzle were appointed as a eommitt*?
to arrange for a May Day celebration
on  the coming first of May.
The financial report showed receipts
for the week as follows:
Collection   Sunday  evening,   Mar.
18   $ 9.15
Literature sales ...P.	
Dues      1.50
Mrs. B. M. Burns will be the speak
er at the Sullivan Hall meeting of Local Vancouver on Sunday next.    Her
subject will be: "Woman and the Industrial   Problem."     A   good  attend
ance should be assured, as the subject
itself suggests an Interesting evening's
discussion along a line at which Comrade Mrs.  Burns will be at her best
Bring your f.riends.
John C. Bohle, printer, operator,
tourist, philosopher, is located, at
least for a time, in Washington, D.
C, after a long trip throughout the
"Sunny South." From a letter to
thc writer, tho following oxcrpt is
"• • When; oh! when, will
those who create all wealth got rid
of their prejudice anil vote for themselves instead ol for so-called "kooiI
felljws," and "good men," and
"honest men?" Common sens©
would seem to tell any lud-pringiu-ui
that the old parties will never enact laws antagonistic  to  the sldu of
capital,    and     yet the d  fools
hurrah for this or that prominent
iiilk just because hn tsrdongs to that
party that hands him large frobn of
taffy ond heated ozone. It seems
to mc that the average man's think-
tank is alwaya mora or leas befuddled with the advantages of high or
low tariff,  and a whole lot of other
earth. But, like nil world-wide
movements Socialism progresses Blow
but sure.   •  •  Expect tbe nattoaaJ
hato that is being preached against
Germany from the Engilisi* side, etc..
is only, (and in fact really) directed
against the Socialist movement
there. The Socialist parly in Germany ls so strong, uml growing at
such a rate, that other counti i«-s arc
getting "leery," ami any old eexusc
will do to war on them, it would
be very uncomforta'ble, to put it
mildly, for the propertied Interests
of England, France, America, etc.,
were the Socialists to aeSzaf the flowers of government in that most intellectual land on this earth—as in
the nenr future thoy prolsably will
succeed in doing. Looks to me as
though tho money-power already
scents danger from the German side.
There is another cause for war between England and Germany, who
never in all these centuries huve
warred: the Church of Rome would
welcome such a conflict. •   •"
A recent copy of tho Canadian
Manufacturer contains the following
interesting item:
Thu Hungarian chomist, llrunn, described, in a puiier whicii vouches
for thu facts as being well known in
tlie highest scientific circles his alleged discovery of u lir-iiid chemical
compound which renders certain
kinds of matter proof against the effects of time. He asserts thut it
doubles the density of nearly every
kind of stone and renders it waterproof, lt imparts to all metals
Qualities which defy oxygen and rust,
lt is also a germicide of hitherto un*.
w-iialed (lowers.
The professor says that while traveling in Greece some twenty-five
years ago he noticed that tho mortar in stones of ruins which wero
known to bo over 2,000 years old
wus as hurd, fresh und tt-narious as
if it had been made only a year ago.
He secured a place of mortar, and
has been working on it ever since
until now, when, he Bays, ho has
discovered the secret. The compound is a yellow liquid, which the
professor has christened Boreas.
An interviewer describes thc following experiments: A piece of ordinary and easily breakable Mag af
ter immersion in zorene defied tho
full blow of a hammer. There was
the same effect on ordinary bricks
and a block of rod jarrah wood. All
three were then immersed in water
for a long time. When taken out
and wcighod with a delicate scales,
the presence of a single (-article of
added moisture could not lie detected. Two pieces of steel sumittted
to an ammonia test >-<jual to five
years' exposure to the air emerged
from the both as they entered it.
An ordinary table knife which had
lain open for five months did not
show the slightest stain. Professor
Brunn asserts that he will lie able
eo make roads dust, germ, and waterproof, thus giving a commercial
value to hundreds of millions of
tons of slag which is now useless in
the mining and smelting districts.
His discovery will at the verv least
double tho life of metals exposed to
the air, such as bridges, railroads,
vessels and tanks—Daily Consular
and Trade  Reports.
The Chamber pf/Beputles todny almost unanimously pa.ss.-d the long-
debated bill providing for working-
men's   (tensions.
The measure provides that the employer, employee, and government
each contribhto to t\ fund from
which lhe workingman may lie pensioned after he is «.•» years of age.
This is the principal Socialist measure before Parliament, and hns lieen
bitterly  opposed.
Six thousand government employees held a meeting at Paris i-eco-fi-
l.v, and adopted a resolution fle-
manding that the government frame
and have a bill passed permitting its
servants to form unions. All classes of public servants were represented, from school mistresses to jailers.
Sixty meetings were held in the provinces, at each of which a like resolution was adopted.
be able to spare time to study their
own needs. In one respect, the average wage-slave, tho hog, and the
old-time nigger-slave are the stune-—
Jceep their stomachs full of -rrub antl
they grunt contentedly. • • Your
news of 's untimely end In Vancouver, was a shock to me. He was
a good honest man, and a gentleman: but found that, with all his
faithful work, every day, every rl
he could hardly make both ends
meet. The story is a sad one, but
only one in capitalism's jrKeat worldwide whirl-pool. » • Wero the entire laboring world to realize the
awful injustice of their condition the
better time (when t-hey would legislate nnd make laws for their own
families and themselves; rather than
the propertied ruling class) would
soon be here. • • Tho old saw of
the sky-nilot about the poor man
getting his reward in heaven sounds
stale nowadays, and will soon be
aaoiont history. The averaw man
nowadays wants the heaven here   ©n
Thc alarm which tho growth and
activity of tho Socialist movement
in Germany is inspiring in the miruljj
of thc rulers—spite of thc oft repeated statements that the party is ho|x-
Iessly split or else thot it has abandoned its revolutionary ideas and
become a party of moderate roform-
—has been shown by recent speeches
of the .Imperial Chancellor, end the
Secretary of the Interior, in the
Reichstag. Prince Iluelnw mode a
most pathetic appeal to all tho
"parties of order" to forget their
minor differences and act together
a.'ainst Social Democracy. Count
I'osadowsky went so far as to moke
a direct attack on universal suffrage
declaring that Bismarck hod made a
groat mistake in seeking to base the
empire on popular represetbjtation.
Universal suffrage, ho said,  "entail'
rot;  but the idiots never seem     ,«i ed tho danger that deputies, Instead
of leading the masses, might be led
by them." As for tho demand now
so energetically made for the establishment, of universal suffrage in the
Prussian Landtag elections, It was
not to be thought of. He admitted
that it was desirable that moro
workingmen should be represented in
tho Prussian Diet; but the working-
men must first become infinitely
more mature politically; they must
recognize the state and society, and
reduce their claims to what is economically possible. If the Prussian
state should provide the Social Democracy with scats in the Diet, thc
only possttilo comment would Me that
"Only lho wry Mtfgest calves go to
the slaughter of themselves." Tho
Count is qulto right aa to thc one
horn of the dilemma* As to the
other—well, whon it Is time to kill
the calf, if he does not go willing'
he is likely to be driven. The Social Democracy bides Its timo, Out It
knows what ls going to happen to
the calf.
To Publishers
Of Country Weeklies:
We h«ave two cases (lOO pounds) of Brevier Type, 8ipoint, almost new. cost 52
els a pound a year agot will sell at
25cts a lb.    Following is a sample of the Types
Hartford, Conn., Jan. io—A certificate
of incorporation of the Gaxaca & Pacific
Kail wax Company of Hartford, has been
filed with the secretary of state. Tbe
authorized capital stock of the company
is |4o,oooooo. These figures exceed
those of any other company which haa
filed such n certificate with the secretary
Western Clarion,
Box 836. VANCOUVER, B. C.
We also carry a full line of Furnl
ture, on easy payments, at prices
that cannot be duplicated. Kindly
inspect our stock.
Car Wettasiaitar Aw ■■< Narrii Strut
Practical Beat
aa* Shaa Maker
Il.nd-M.dc Hoot, .nd Shi*, to order ia
■ II slylm.    kr-Miiiug pr.mpt:*r .nd nr.t-
ly done,     block   of .tuple   re.dy.ra.de
Shoe. .l*r«y. on hand.
14 SI WnlaiHttr Am.
Telephone 2201.
Sanitary Experts. Plumbing in all
its branches. Estimates furnished.
Repairs, stove connections, etc.
••• VESTMIISTER AVE., Carter tl Pritr.
This is Our
wllhout reservation of any kind.
The choice of hundreds ol men'., .u-
perbly tailored nnd fuulil. *..)-, fashioned $15 to S20 Suits for
Full and complete lines ln almost
every style — garments that were
made to aell at almost twice the
prices now asked for them are hen
in a profusion of styles and fabrics.
Never before wsm our claim, "its
give most for your money," s<> t'cor-
Iv  demons trated.
PtatHItmt, CtsarCm
Mingle copies, f. cents; (
copies, 26 cents; K, copies, f.0
cents; 40 copies. II.oo, 100
copies and over, 2 cents per
These rates Include postaic
to any part of Canada or the
United Kingdom.
'The Western Clarion"
1 BURNS & CO. j
HARDWARE and        |
Second Hand Dealer:
Cook Stoves and Tools a
We buy and sell all kind* of
scrap metal, old machinery,
rubber, sacks,  bottles, etc.
Stores—138 Cordova St.. E .
hardware A Junk. 101 row. II
St., new suid second-hand furniture.
Vaacaavar, I. 6.
Let the Clarion print vour
printing.   Tel. 824.   Box 836.
1       AGENTS WANTED       f
•    tme*mmtw*****m     ommmm    9
s *>
Jg Some who started early are now selling ten $
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
a copy.    Send to   us  for circulars and  wholesale
prices.   The book is now ready for delivery.
« BOX 2064
■ <S>«M
Do you do your own CooMng? Would you like to have moro
'.line to   dovoUj to your housework,   fancy work, children, or husband?
An up-to-date Oas llango (o r even our Oas Hot Plates) will help
you out beyond your expectations. Where you formerly spent an
hour getting a moal ready, you will find that you can accompllNh
;h»' name in IB to 20 minutes with a Gas Mange, nnd obtain pet-
-er results.
Call and examine our stock.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.


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