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The Western Clarion Mar 16, 1907

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Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, March ,16 1907
aalwc rim loo t-rtee
Pl»  V*AS
Sl.00
THE PRipCIAL HOUSE
*   ONCE MORE IN SESSION
?
HjwlharnthwaMi'elnd Mcinnes Sat Dunns Opening Cere-j
moiiy—Work Planned by Socialist Members—The
New Member for Grand forks.
The Legislature of the province had
put the clergymen in quarantine as it
were by refusing to allow him to sit
there till he had lieen for three months
dear of the clerical business, nor would
they allow him to be the trustee of a
school, yet they allowed the Salvation
Army, which was practically the same
thing, to break into the labor market of
the country. The fart was, in his opinion, the Salvation Army, with its mas-
jquerading and semi-military antics, did
| more, to bring religion into contempt
than any like number of atheists in this
.country; ai... the irresponsible character
I of the majority of the officials of that
could be anything in that argument.
This immigration business, however,
carried out by the government, had always been an absolute failure. If they
took the census of Canada for 1896 and
for 1906 and compared them they would
find that the population had decreased
by some 12,000 or 14,000 if the number
of immigrants arriving in the country
were counted out. This meant that
these immigrants had displaced native
born Canadians who were naturally
best adapted for the country. He
pointed out further that if wages were
better here than in the state of Washington workmen would come here and
Thr Ijn'islaltire opened on Thursday,
Mirth  .ill,  with Ihe  usual capitalistic
il   wraith and  pomp.      Duns-
■snir, the coal baron, arrayed in gold-
„-<<! livery and cocked hat. was attend
\ti In ,i body guard in a costume sotne-
sr.ii Miml.tr,   When he entered all, with
rk cxcei lion   of Messrs.  tiawthornth-   the r^.ts of that British justice of which
•sue snd Mcinnes, the Socialist mem-. they heard so much.
jlrrv. tost to receive him    It was notice-
t that these two men kept tlieir seats,
trul possibN  it  unnerved the Licutcn-
\ui Itovtrnof,   because
:    il.c   Speech   from
| ment had overlooked its duty in allow-
so that Ihey were fast becoming a toy _* t'lesc metl,u> took «P the home of
for tbe rich man. If the provincial po- ! ,j1c s,,,m dweller in the old country and
lice could not hunt down the criminals ! dumP hl!" <?ow" h<;rc VVhat this co»n-
vi ith out the assistance of these men, he ry, rw*u,rcd WaS t.he ,yp* of man who
ssked the government to re-organize the | !'.a,') e^Jlno^.,LcoT.out hin?
force so that it could, and not introduce
this pernicious system  which  struck  at
organization was such that the govern- there would be no need of any immigration scheme at all. If wages were better on the American side, people would
go there, and a change in wages would
scatter thc labor supply all over the
continent, from San Francisco to Cape
1 lelf. Thc mnn broti-jht out here, wet-
nursed by the Salvation Army, was not
thc man to do any good in this province.
They were told that in Manitoba and
Ontario thesc had proved a desirable
class of immigrants. The same thing
was said of the Dotikhol-ors,   if    they
Government and Salvation Army.
..   ...   ..,...,..-„        One thing to be noticed in British Co- :,   , .   -       ,     .
before be    got   l»«nbia **l*\* was the upward tendency   ITZ f^ n fc ,        JW°  T^.'
nn the   throne,   0* everything.    In consequence of high , '"'   " * X   ,u     g  ^At?
IK .is evident thnt his vwee became very! Prices   there  «as  more    than    domal   $5fc ?"*&**"? were off w,th ,he'r
md  Shaky.     I'aiker   Wili-ams   acthrhy.    the advance in copper from   ctelm and forming a promsion oMhe
«jv tburni  during  the    opening  ceic- ' 12 Ot** to 26 cents had caused the de-
Innocents. (Loud laughter). Then
thev were not eulogised so much. Then
it was said that Mr. Whitney had endorsed them. Well, that was about the
worst recommendation they could have.
Mr. Whitney had a brother who was
the head of a company that owned a
sawmill on Parry Sound, and he owned
everything else there, stores, pumps and
all, and the consequence was that it
took a man about three months there to
find -""• bow much he was in debt.
(Lauehtcr). He no doubt liked to see
I men brought out in this way, because
«*■*••   w tlut on Ihe wliole Ills Honor t vclopmcnt of mines which had former*
tKriici' .ery little lion ji  from thc So- i 'v 'a'n ****** and owing to the fact   that
ny, v       | lumber had nearly doubled in value that
I the Socialist* arc not discour-' .ndustry was more active than it had
Isp-i ' . pan failure* to obtain legisla- ■ been for a long time. Thc result of all
I: - the amelioration of the cndi- thi* w.is that the price of labor had bc-
I the  *or%ing that i> shown by .fcun to ri*c, and when the surplus popu-
Vik p ■■   is they have already placed on (latum had l-een absorbed in active in- .'
Btbi-jei lapcr.    Mi. Ilawthi rnthwailc idustry, and all other commodities Iud
Is.   i-*ve notkc that he will once more j 1***, tmtet also began to rise.
J,' "An Act regulating the hours ]    It  was about  this  lime that the  P!
pi W*)t in certain   itifiuMfie.*."    (more! nance   Minister   with   his   military   in
,1) called the .Smc.icr Bill).   He ; stincts began to read the War try, and I w|1Cn thev got hard up and "could get
re introduce   An Act to amend , found   out   that   the   Salvation    Army   m oth,., worki hc cou|d hire them for
- kci'ulalion Act, iwm.     Tin* . was dealing in something licsidcs salva-, about  three months  for next  to noth-
c   purpose   of   giving   all cm-; tion.    (, Laughter).   Just about this time   jng
in stotcs a half-holiday in each ' alvi the Premier was in Ontario, where      The Premier and the member for Dcl-
ii to shorten their liour* gencr- ;hc came i.i contact with Premier Whit    ta said they wanted their own kith and
li .-.Idi'ion to that, he will again l_ey, who reported favorably on the _tt-j kin to come into thc country, but    it
\eiir.   -i to have tlie *' Workmen's Com- | migration work of this organization, and | should lie shown that there was a ne-
iwti-■:! Art' at'ien'Vd to give greater   he 31m, took it up.   Tbey said there was I cetsity for men of any race before there
;•     .'ion to families oi tivose killed   a *>Iiorta»'e of labor, but in reality tin*
pjurcd v>lu!c iu tlu anpkiyincnt of . govcrnmait Iud no knowledue whetlver j ^~^~>-—:_--...-——: ^rr*-- ,'■ ■■*..-*
ler*. j there was or not.    The Minister of Fi-
J ;■■  ■ Williams will .i;'*t:i iritrod-icc   nance  had  at  no  time put  himself  in
Ha til  : . smite fortnightly instead   of ,cot:tact with tlie facts. He had only con-
Isw i.:.-, |.awi-.cnt of wages to working- [suited the cmplovers, but while ihe men
|s<' :bu\ui« labor said there was a shortage,
Tne three Socialist    members    have jthe  men  selling  labor  said  there was
n assigned * piae^iat the cud ol the)not    The Finance Minister   had only
|frw* ;  a ot tlie C)pi*>sitiou   benchca, [heard the employers' side and that was
Kr Mdm.es, the new member, is alv.ut | not the way to gel at thc facts of   the
Id *i looking :vjm in lhe House,   case.     One  gentleman  said   the  olher
li-   boa.i 4 lively interest  in lhe pr.>    Amy that fruit was allowed to spoil for
■■ and lias already placed on the   Mtnt of lal-or, yet those who raised the
«•"■-     ;-i   sfm.e questions  as to  the|gyc_teH  outcry   for   lalx.r   in   Victoria
•omlxT  of  accidents     in   nie'alhlerous j nete  Bullcn   Bros., and  he  would  like
effld d-.iring thc pasl year.    It is pre   Itrj Know what kind of fruit ihey grew.
-daner) that he will be a very useful rep- . jt* hi* own district it was the Hamilton
■sesu'.ivc of thc 1'aity. an-l -i- he »as   Powder Company, and about the only
<( h   lo the House on the straight So- | fruit they raised was giant powder The
Race.
Mr. Williams argued that present
conditions were abnormal and did not
justify any attempts to bring out thousands of immigrants. Sawmills that
were idle a few years ago were now
running night and day. They were
simply discounting the future, and if
this province was going to start bringing in immigrants at the*first indication
that wages were rising, they would find
in two vears time they would be
confronted with the problem of the unemployed.
In his opinion the government should
at the very first opportunity cancel this
Salvation Army agreement. If there
was a shortage of labor on farms, let
the government appoint a Commission
to inquire into it, and ask why it is that
farmers cannot afford to pay wages that
will enable a man to live.
"The Premier says the government
has no intention of interferin- with the
labor conditions of the country," said
Mr. Williams, "but if a man comes along
and holds a club over mv head and assures me that he is not going to hurt
me, I shall know at the same time that
he may at any moment bring it down
upon my head, and then his words and
actions won't harmonize very well"
(Laughter).
QUERIES AND ANSWERS
RELATING TO TACTICS
fr,..
Many Points Covered and Objections Answered That Have
a Direct  Bearing Upon Correct PotiticaJ  Action
By the Working Class.
(Continued on page three.)
■mUt ticket, h>' is free from one disad
Iniitiir under which Mr   Davidson la-
|lwc<l in the last llou*c.
I'arker Williams'  Speech
Following is thc speech delivered by
lltr Parker Williams in lhe Home ot)
Fk*'_- in icplv to speech made by
jMclirulr am) Oliver from the Cqrwenra-
■t-ve- ,n.| I i1m*i;iI standpoi:'" rr-pective-
Ib Both had extolled the Sanation
jArmy immigration project. Mr Oliver
|**-ir.s it wu a good thing to bring in
''wr kitli and lir." from beyond the
|!«'. while the Premier -.aid the "ovem
lemt w<mld siov.- 'litem away on (arm--
pd noi ii icrfcrc with labor condition!
|A» nil! lie seen. Comrade Williams
|air.pi-. tor*, their arguments to pirns
I'ftcctivcs ami Other Things
Tht debate on the sddress in reply to
IHa- S-w-f*.-l, from the Throne was re
hsmrd „„ ''-.-...iday by Mr 1'urkrr Wil
lbjnH w)*o said he eupeoaed that   on
"wh ati ...'-;..ion consrstnl.itkm* were
lift .irder He was not a«arc lhat the
Ijttti't of tlie elettion made much dif
Iktrnrp to him per*.onnlly, but no doubt
It wu vitmfactory to the (KWemrrJent,
l«id sh.j-.sc.l tbat ther had the endorae-
Ittiw. of the people. Yet In some re-
W«ti if they examined the activity of
l«<* nivcrtmicm for thc past year, it
[*oul<l not compare favorably with
inactivity for three preceding    ses
th"*!    ^',crc **fe some   things    on
™*n lie could not altogether compli
?*"t tlicm, and one was in connection
*™h1,!*r ''•'•i'.1""'- «' the men who held
•g!,,h*- r- P. R. train at Kamloops last
**_    He had no sympathy with these
"wgrtic gentlemen from the other side,
Premier said there was no dissatisfac
Hon in labor circles, yet within two
mlcs of that House there was a strike
<*n at tile present time.
Notwithstanding this shortage of la-
l*.r, he could tell them that there were
co...) miners iu Ladysmith and Nanaimo
who could not get work just because
Ihey held certain opinions distasteful to
the 'men who owned the coal mines. If
hbor was so short, how was it that the
C. P. K. had men not far from Victoria
today wotking for $1 OO per day. while
THE CONGO ATROCITIES
HND ABLE APOLOGIST
Anthropological Professor Hears His Master's Voice and
Does -Valiant  Stunt on Behalf  of  Rockefellers'
Rubber Investments.
The English press has lately been must build the Cape to Cairo road. You
teeming with reports as to the vile | know we wanted the Transvaal. We
practises of the Belgian government in j found a way to get it: we have it. So
! the Congo Free State.   The hiimanitar-j we  w;n   an(i  so^    way    t0  get  the
ian sympathies of the British bourgeois
have been excited and have found expression in the Congo Reform Association. They are much shocked at the
horrible atrocities that are being perpetrated on the natives, and as a consequence British Giristian civilization is
up in arms.    Of course to suggest that
hc was informed that thc city of Vic- J there is some dirty little scheme of the
toria was employing men at its water- j |}r,tisli ruling class behind this altruis-
works at Ei- Like at $1.50 per day. If 1 tic sentiment would just lie what one
this shortage was only temporary, would   would cxi>ect  trom  a materialistic  So
il !>c f.nr on account of a fewdays labor
search] to flood the market for the bal-
cialist. but along comes Prof.  Starr of
Chicago I'niversity. who has lieen on a
i- of thc twelve months? Under any   trjp t0 the Congo in the  interests   of
Congo.''
The Belgian ruling class, realizing
their inability to cope successfully with
the more powerful British pirates, have
approached Uncle Sam with a view to
securing his co-operation. Uncle, however, like his British cousin, keeps his
Christian principles well under control.
They can be turned on or shut off at
will. He at present refuses to be
shocked. There is nothing in it; in
fact, there is more in taking a calm dispassionate view of the case.    The fol-
ttrtUtnSUnCtt, «as it the duly   of the   anthropology, and plainly says so in so i lowing little news item taken from the
government to interfere m any way with
the labor market'    The majority of the
people of British Columbia were wage
workers who made their living by selling thru labor-power in the market everv day, snd if it \u-rc true that the
price Of the commodity was rising, why
could not the uovcrnnirnt let it rise to
such B poim that it offered a natural
inducement for laborers to come iii of
lheir own accord? Instead, the government Steppeu in and made an agreement with an organization to prevent
wages from going up. 1" assuming this
right to regulate the labor market h*
rongratulated them that they were en-
dorfsns    some    of    their    (Socialist)
''''■i-hev'raised a great cry about tlie prior
fanner, and hov.   hard it  was for hm
,i,or.   if the government was so
for the poor farmer it  was
many words: i Literary Digest may serve to show the
"What  has  happened    in  the Congo j power behind the throne that compels
since April to produce the present state   this view:
of mind? What is the motive underly- i "John D. Rockefeller, jr., has just ac-
ing the hitter attacks upon Leopold and quired large holdings in the Congo
the Free State which he established? Is   rubber region."
it truly humanitarian? Or arc the laud- | Moreover, it will help to show how-
able   impulses
and   praiseworthy   sym-   disinterested  Prof.  Starr is.      Chicago
to gel
pathies of two great peoples being used
for hidden and sinister ends of politics?
'"The same steamer which vook me
to the Congo carried a newly appointed British vice-consul to that country.
On one occasion he detailed to a missionary friend his instructions as laid
down 'in his commission. I was seated
close by those in conversation, and no
attempt' was made on my part to overhear or on their part toward secrecy.
His statement indicated that the prime
object of his appointment was to make
a careful examination of the  Aruwitni
I M-,  *"   w    Miv.v     ...nv    llOtly,
Li In, '"c bands of private detectives
rni1 when 	
Ill
we allowed these gentlemen
-madness of their
"*
thev dealt  with to M
ii...«.«s_i_tt._fi. .°!i,,,;!r,..h^'A^,^;^s
Citv. Ihe-ri «as a young Canadian «
.come, in here we"wcre treading •*•" I l*?plc     ,, "pm them on a ranch fif-   , „v   ,„,,,   .......
fc«>.«. gr "nd      ffVT S   the   'his ^^J^Zhcrc, and in two | ,ur;,-„„ irom three years abroad.
\vnr''(,C (lp,cr,ive    was  absolutely    the
„ ".type of criminal, nnd there was
this country.    . m. *--•—       , •„ tw0 i --_••-.      f        ,hrcc ycars abroa.i       He
teen miles  from *_™Q *«*    ^ [K that  we had been  in the Co»go
ln,e,  from  forgerv  to  grave  rob
weeks  yo«  "ll1  ,ee
comer in Vancouver
, '■ tliatjiad not hccn'brtitight horn
|;I,""   ''heir motive f,.i Altering thc
„'"' "as reward, nnd  when    busl
jpj, Sc;ir'-e, tbey were not aliovc
« crime so that they should be kept .-■ ,       j,,,.
S'Oually active.   This evil was creep  | lem by bringing
,n,,> both criminal antl civil courts,   these.
,,0king for «"rk
...ines     While it was a
iti sawmills or mm*. ,d )U). g.
,„tv that the small   »;nn" 7-
l.Vee State, and on several occasions
conversed with me about my journey.
We had never referred to atrocities, tor
ing the : .■■■-*  '     ((lirii .,, .iii\ a wage i"*»."'",     conditions. .....  ■- -•■    *-•-
usiness , prewnt afford U nUr««itS. he   ,,„ particular reason m the
, croal. I draw  imn  »      ,"   „,ul ,0lVfl the prob-   nmVersation for   he stateme
)e kept   <!>•! npt  1,,nV /:....ooo such men   as \>Qt course, thc Belgians Wl
conditions, nor politics.   One day, With
' i    preceding
nt, hc said:
11  lose   thc
We have got to have it.    Wc
i Congo.
I'niversity has drawn nearly all of its
material sustenance from Standard Oil. |
Prof. Starr holds down at a good salary
the chair of Anthropology in that insti- j
tution   "nuf   scd."     The   following    is
I continuance of his report:
"Of course, 1  saw much to criticize, j
It is true that there are floggings, and
chain gangs, and prisons,     t have seen
them all repeatedly.   But there are flog-!
gings, chain gangs, and prisons in the
United States.    Mutilations are so rare
that one must seek for them; and I had I
too much else to do.   There is taxation .
—yes, heavy taxation—a matter which j
I  shall  discuss quite  fully  further on.
And in connection with taxation there
is   forced  labor,  a  matter    which,    of
course, I disapprove, but it appears as !
just  to all  the  groups    of    eminently I
practical men to whom I have referred." !
Carlyle, speaking of the British Isles,'
once said: "There are seventy thousand
people  in  these  islands,  mostly  fools."
Thc  same  remark holds  good    everywhere.     Fools  in  Britain    and  U.   S. ,
undoubtedly  lielieve  that   all  this   fuss
Over the Congo is made over the condi- |
tion of thc natives.     In this case it is
rubber and  railways,  and the natives,;
like our own wave-slaves at home, are
considered only as so much raw mater- !
inl to be ground up in a Christian Pro- |
fit-Mill.    It pays Christian John Bull at
present to he shocked at these atrocities
and it pays equally Christian Uncle Sam
to condone them, and there you arc.
J. T. M
The following questions have been
put to us by a B. C. comrade with the
request that we reply through the
Clarion columns. We take pleasure in
so doing:
1. Should Socialists form a permanent alliance with any capitalist party f
Not under any circumstances where
the capitalist class is dominant. The
Socialist movement, being the expression of the proletarian side of the class
struggle, no Socialist could do so,
without betraying the interests of the
proletariat, and thereby forfeit his right
to assume the name of Socialist. Where
the revolutionary bourgeoisie is itself
a subject class to a feudal aristocracy
a proletarian class could consistently
support it whenever it seeks to strike
off the feudal yoke. .Vs on this continent no such situation has ever existed, such alliance is neither permissible
nor possible.
»   *   *   *
2. What was the question fought out
by Bebel and Jaures at the last meeting
of tht- Internationalf How did the
contest  resultt
We are not in possession of sufficient information as to proceedings of
International to answer. Bebel tends
to the Revolutionary position and
Jaures to what is called Opportunism or
Revision. In our opinion, the contest
ought to have resulted—and probably
did—in favor of Bebel.
**.««.
3. Was Millerand's course in voting
for appropriations to strengthen a capitalist army essentially different from
voting to strengthen financially a dominant corporation,
Undoubtedly, yes. A dominant corporation could only be strengthened at
the expense of the petty capitalists. The
sooner they are squeezed out the better. Every economic advance that
makes for the concentration of capital
makes at the same time for the Socialist regime. The condition of the proletarian is no better under competitive
capitalist production than it is under a
dominant corporation. It is oftentimes worse. The petty capitalist must
buy the commodity labor-power at its
lowest market price and cannot permit
his humanitarian (?) ideas to possess
him for an instant when dealing with
his victims. On thc other hand large
corporations—excepting where the proletariat acts in a revolutionary way —
are often disposed to be as lenient as
possible under the circumstances. Moreover, the petty capitalist when reduced
to the condition of a proletarian will
acquire a practical experience of wage-
slavery- of which he has at present only
a theoretical conception. This will tend
to clarify his vision as to the issue.
Millerand's action in strengthening the
army simply increased the repressive
power of the capitalist state, which has
been, and undoubtedly will again be
used, to subdue the proletariat. No
Socialist could consistently support such
a measure.
• *   *   •
4. // representatives in the Legislature must seek palliatives in order to
commend themselves to their constituents, why should not the lines within
which they shall work be clearly defined
by the party?
In the first place, the lines within
which our representatives shall work
are clearly enough defined for a Socialist to comprehend, whatever they may
lie for others in the last two paragraphs
in our platform. To string out palliative measures in a sufficiently comprehensive manner to embrace everything
that might be introduced would fill a
bulky volume. Moreover,, where this
has been done, it has only obscured the
issue, which must ever be the keynote
of a Socialist campaign, "Thc abolition
of wage-slavery." It is not advisable
in our opinion to register votes for palliatives that would not be recorded for
this main—in fact only—issue. The reformer should vote Liberal, Conservative, or so-called Labor. Reforms do
not come by reason of Socialist advocacy of reform, they come when the
capitalist class see the necessity of them
to offset the effect of the revolutionary
propaganda, or when they arc beneficial
in making the skinning of thc proletariat a smoother process.
* *   *   *
5. Do you hold with those Socialists
who mock at brutalities committed upon
members of the ruling class,
In the first place, if every last one of
the present ruling class in every country on earth were subjected to the same
degree of the unspeakable misery, degradation, brutal outrage and inhuman torture they have dealt out, it would be
but a drop in B bucket when compared
to the aggregate of suffering their exploited victims have had to endure at
their hands. When we think of what
is going on in Russia, in the states of
Colorado and Idaho, and in fact everywhere, our only regret is that it will be
physically impossible to fully compensate the capitalist class and their villainous tools. Every time we hear the
echo of a report that has sent some of
the brutal thups of the ruling class over
the "divide' our heart is lifted up in
ecstacy, tempered only by the reflection
that it was too sudden. The so-called
Reign of Terror in France sent only
l,<;O0 parasites to the guillotine. In
Paris 50,000 heroic Communaros, men,
women and children, were brutally outraged and shot by the most despicable
gang of respectable, cowardly, swindling
thieves that ever encumbered the earth.
Mock at them? We could calmly eat
our breakfast with a good appetite if
we knew right now that every mother's
son of them were being swept off the
face of the earth.
* *   *   *
fi. Do yon think it good policy at
this stage to talk much about substituting bullets for ballots, and do you think
a working class toithout sufficient understanding of its position in society to
vote straight, would be likely to shoot
straight?
It is good policy at any time to tell
the truth, ar.d the truth is that no ruling
ckss ever voluntarily abdicated. In
tbe final analysis everything rests on
force. It is, of course, perfectly evident that if a workingman would vote
avainsf his class he would shoot in the
same direction, but it ought to be equally evident that the power that gave, the
same power can take away. The capitalist class gave the working class the
vote, and it can take it back again.
Whether it does so or not, it is absolute
folly to allow the workers to drift on
to the Revolution with out a proper
knowledge of what they may be compelled to do. Had thc Communards
been less scrupulous in their dealings
with  the bourgeoisie they would  have
fared better.
* *   *   *
7. /Did vou ever know a man well
grounded in the Socialist philosophy to
be in leading strines to the church, and
do you consider it good tactics to be
constantly condemning the church to
those outside our ranks'
First part of question, No; latter
part, Yes. This subject has already
been discussed at length in recent issues of Clarion.
* *   *   *
8. Do you blame the capitalists particularly for exploiting the workers under present conditions?
Does the lamb blame the wolf who
eats it? Or does it pet philosophical
and—reflecting that if it were not there
to furnish food the poor wolf would
die—voluntarily submit to be eaten
without bleatinc about the affair?
* »   *   «
9. Have you any theory as to how
Socialism will be brought into effect in
Canada? Do you think il must ueces-
sarilv come with violence and bloodshed?
First oart: By the capture of the
state by the proletariat Second part:
We don't know. When we reflect,
however, on how mercilessly the ruling
class in Canada have suppressed comparatively insignificant revolts against
oppressive conditions, we have not much
hope of a peaceful climax.
J. T. M.
The.l. W. W. is conducting a strike
of mill workers at Portland, Ore. It is
threatened that unless the demands
made arc granteu all the lumber mills
of the Pacific Coast will be shut down
by making the strike general. An excellent opportunity is afforded our I.
W. W. brethren to demonstrate how adverse conditions of the labor market
mav be neatly and expeditiously overcome by the workers provided they,
know how and are possessed of the
proper spirit.
Japanese capitalists have set up an
ethical code in regard to the employment of children in their factories that
might well be copied by European and
American labor-skinners of the Christian variety. Tbey do not employ children under 12 years of age, because it
does not really pay.
Capitalists are at all times *ealous in
their desire to "develop the country. It
is about time thc workers manifested
similar real in trvimr to turn this development to their own account.
John Mcinnes, Parker Williams and
J. 11. Hawthornthwaite, the three Socialist members of the Provincial House,
arc to speak at Socialist Hall, Nanaimo,
on Sunday, March 17th.
I
1
i
I
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"l'lWNf—iinui.i" " ■■ ■ni'* [ mu miwisiKumiiiiiii TIB W1STHH OUMOK,  VANOOtTVlt,   *>»tt» OOttflllti.
******
Ihe Western Clarion
Published emery Saturday in the
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next issue.
SATURDAY, MARCH 16, 1907.
NOT ALL DEAD YET.
The employees of thc Southern railway are to contribute one per cent, of
their earnings for this month for the
purpose of erecting a monument to the
memory of a fellow by the name of
Spencer who was killed in an accident
on that road on last Thanksgiving Day.
This Spencer was president of the road.
It is claimed this move for the erection
of a monument to the old cuss's memory
originated with the employees themselves. We know enough about the
way these schemes are usually worked
to recognize a fishy odor about such
claim. At any rate, a lot of exploited
wage-slaves must have a wholesome
amount of self-respect if they would
contribute even a farthing for the purpose of perpetuating the memory of any
one of the tribe that lives by sucking
their blood. It might be a wise precautionary measure to erect a stone pile
on this Spencer person's grave as a safeguard against his possible resurrection
and resumption of activity in the labor-
skinning process. But even this would
not require an outlay of one per cent, of
a month's earnings of 40,000 insufferable idiots. Half a dozen loads of rock
at about a dollar and six bits a load
would fill the bill nicely. But then the
fools are not all dead yet, more's the
pity.
AND NOW FOR ACTION.
More than a year has passed since
Charles Moyer,. William D. Haywood
and George Pettibone, of the Western
Federation of Miners, were seized by
official thugs of the ruling class, acting
under orders of Governor Gooding of
Idaho and his fellow-contemptible the
Governor of Colorado, and incarcerated
in an Idaho bastille. The story of their
cowardly and ruffian-like seizure and kidnaping is familiar to millions of American citizens. No event of recent times
has attracted more widespread attention
and discussion than this affair. No
more brutal, shameless and dastardly
assault has beer, made upon the working-class of the United States by its vile
rulers than the seizure and incarceration of these men. It may safey be
taken as an omen of that which the
workers may expect to henceforth receive at the hands of the class that holds
political and economic mastery over
them, unless they consent to remain
meek, obedient and  submissive  slaves.
Fortunately for thc human race, the
workers are not remaining silent and
submissive in the face of the atrocities
perpetuated upon them. They are not
inclined to meekly accept the brutalities
heaped upon the working class by the
capitalists and their miserable hirelings.
They are manifesting a disposition to
resent such brutalities and for every
blow received give two in return. The
number of protest meetings being held
in reference to this Colorado-Idaho affair is continually increasing, in spite
of the fact that over a year has elapsed
since the arrest of the imprisoned men,
and no opportunity of trial has been of-
forded them. This flagrant violation of
the alleged traditional rights of the
American citizen has undoubtedly
proven a potent factor in awakening the
workers to the significance of the move
against Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone.
As this significance dawns upon them
they begin to develop the spirit of men
and a determination to resent the brutalities of their rulers. The more sy,*d-
ily this spirit and determination develops the sooner will mankind bc delivered from the present nightmare of
capitalist pillage and rapine.
"Soft ft-ords butter no parsnips." The
fool in his folly refuses to recognize the
class war that must be fought to a finish between the slaves and their masters. Simple to a degree is he who
fancies that the capitalist class will surrender its privilege and power in response to the altruistic appeals of sentimentalists and other white-livered nincompoops. He is blind indeed who
refuses to scc tliat the present ruling
class is each day more plainly manifesting its determination to maintain its position at whatever cost in blood, provided this blood can be drawn from the
veins of the slave class. Like all previous ruling classes, it is generous to
a fault in shedding blood to maintain its
power, provided slaves and hirelings
furnish the blood.
If blood is to be shed, and it is inevitable if enslaved labor is to break its
chains, let the workers sec to it that
the ruling class furnishes its share.
Every workingman in the L'nited States
should provide himself with arms
against the day of need. Upon an armed working class it would be impossible
to perpetrate the atrocities that may be
practised with impunity upon an unarmed one. It is time the proletariat
awakened to the task in hand, and that
it is awakening there is ample proof
upon every side. The following from a
speech by •-. G. Rolfe to the miners of
Pittsburg, Kansas, affords an indication of the trend of thought among an
increasing number of workingmen. Ere
long much more radical utterances will
be heard throughout the land:
"Thc time has come for rebellion. The
courts have refused us a fair hearing;
the right of petition has been refused
us, and we must now prepare to use the
last recourse—force of arms. The
Dred-Scott decision was followed by the
Civil War. The Moyer-Haywood-Petti-
bone decision will bc followed by a rebellion of the working class. Arm
yourselves, keep a steady nerve, and get
something to kill squirrels with, for the
woods are full of squirrels and there is
going to be a killing."
If the workers be wise they will stop
at no rebellion. Their action will be so
sweepingly revolutionary as to wipe capitalism and its accursed wage-slavery
off the map.
The day of protest, petition and supplication has nearly passed. The day
of action is at hand. Be wise in time;
go not into battle with empty hands.
meetings. If there is anything the Socialist workingmen of Vancouver cannot stomach it is fusion and compromise. A motion was carried at a regular
business meeting of the Local to "publicly disavow all connection with Walter Thomas Mills' meetings." Tbe
diminutive giant's admirers and «vor-
shippers rallied to bis rescue and at
each succeeding meeting attempted to
remove the ban, but it was no go. At
thc meeting on Monday evening last the
entire matter was given a six-months'
hoist in such a manner as to put the
quietus upon it for good.
Of course a few worshippers and admirers of the great '"Socialist-maker"
are much disgruntled over the dastardly'
repudiation of the famous man by the
revolutionary* element in Local Vancouver. One suspension from the Local
has occurred in consequence of the af-
not know any better. More probably,
however, the stuff is all paid for at so
much per, by corporations with money
to burn, with the object of discrediting
genuine Socialism by confusing the public mind.
He Didn't Know the Answer.
Poor A'.len Studholme, the sole representative of the "Labor" party in the
Legislature-one of the promoters, by
the way, of the Public Ownership
scheme— doesn't cut much of a fieure
in the House. He has had a good deal
to sav but his words carry no weight,
simply because there are no ideas behind
ihem, and he has no grasp of the situation. He always speaks up for Labor
but not being a Socialist is easily
handled by the glib-tongued capitalist
partisans and made to look very foolish.
And, of course, the party press of both
sides eagerly report his discomforture,
being pleased to see a "Ubor" representative discredited. Here is what the
Hamilton Times, the Grit paper that
helped to elect him in order to beat a
Tory, has to say:
fair, and one resignation has been ten-      Toronto, Ont., Feb. 27.—(Special )—
dered.    Whether  more  are  to   follow   ln fussing the companies  act before
remains to be seen.
These free lancers of thc Mills type
are merely nuisances to the proletarian
movement. Speaking as the servant of
no organization, their solicitude for revenue is more than apt to clothe their ef-
the Private Bills Committee this morning, Mr. Studholme and Mr. R. R
Gamev differed on the construction of
the liability of company directors for
wages of employees for at least one
year. Mr, Studholme said that he spoke
as a workingman.
You are always talking about being
****&*% mUt* it mm
FUSION REPUDIATED.
Walter Thomas Mills, commonly
dubbed the "Little Giant" by hero-worshiping females of both sexes, has shed
the effulgence of his oratory upon the
British Columbian heathen upon divers
occasions during recent months. However, he came across the line once too
often and in an unguardcu moment succumbed to the constitutional weakness,
which afflicts the free lance in Socialist propaganda, of catering to thc prejudices of those he addresses in order
to not unduly frighten the shekels from
the vicinity of his purse. An attack
of this malady usually proves fatal in
British Columbia. It proved decidedly
so in the case of Walter Thomas.
The oratorical gent came to Victoria
during the latter part of December last
to address a meeting. It so happened
that a move was on foot there at the
time to effect some sort of a fusion arrangement between the "Labor Party,"
the "Moderate Socialists" and the revolutionary bunch, the purpose being to
frame up a joint ticket to bc offered to
the voters for their support at the election on Feb. 2. As the Victoria electoral district was entitled to four members of the provincial house, two candidates were to be given to the "Labor
Party," one to the "Moderates" and one
to the revolutionists. It was a nice little scheme and Walter Thomas took
kindly to the job of assisting in the
launching. With those well known oratorical powers that have enabled him to
rout the enemy upon many a windy
battlefield, he plead the cause of fusion
and urged the support of. the multicolored political abortion that was to be
set up. At the time of Walter Thomas'
fusion stunt no Local of the S. P. of
Canada was in existence at Victoria.
The so-called revolutionary element
took out a charter shortly after. To
what extent, if any, this body was implicated in the fusion scheme we do not
know. Be that as it may, however, the
advocacy of fusion by Walter Thomas
soon became noised about, and trouble
began to brew for his especial benefit.
It seems he has a course of ten lectures calculated to transform the most
stupid supporter of capitalism into a
real lovely Socialist, provided these
Socialist-makers arc administered at the
rate of one per month. The time intervening between one dose and the next
gives the victim a suitable opportunity
for digesting and assimilating the Socialist-making pabulum prepared according to the Mills formula. Before the
astute gent had succeeded in making the
necessary arrangements with Local Vancouver, S. P. of C, for delivering his
monthly doses to the economic heathen
of Vancouver, the story of his advocacy
of fusion in Victoria became common
property. Local Vancouver refused to
stand sponsor for any further   Mills
forts with a garb calculated to satisfy ! a working man," declared Mr. Carney
the prejudices of their hearers, rather |"- »m a \orkingman and have done as
1 ■ .    , . .      .»„•.»•.»„    much work as you.    You are not the
than one intended to set forth the farts j on,y working -,_„ on -*,rth.     I have
upon  which    the Socialist    movement j worked in the lumber woods, and know
bases its action.   In fact, all such occupy   what work means."
a position that makes it possible that the I.  Not being a Socialist, or «^erstai»d-
• ■      .        . _ *   f\T*.   *. : ng the class struggle, when the odorif-
susptcion he entertained that they ate Mg^ Camey«pning this antiquated gag
merely adventurers in quest of notori- j on •,'-., Studholme sat silent and al-
ety alon-r with the easiest possible way j lowed this flagrant bit of sophistry to
to make a living with the limited talents i go unanswered.   A humiliating position,
, ,,   . ,    ._, ,.     ., i truly, for a champion of labor!     Any
at their command.   There are altogether j g£g^ -_ his p,!;ce wouM Uvc nlM
too many threadbare professors, pulpit- 1 ,t,e bluff and told Gamey and his fellow
less parsons and other bum intellectuals : labor skinners  lhat  the  fact that  they
hanging on to tlie skirts of thc Socialist ■ might have worked more or less at some
. r        .■• —n. remote period had nothing whatever to
movement for a ..vmg now.   The soon- ' ,...'.,       "   .„..      ";.;,». „„,- ;„
, ,  ,        ,,   ,    , ,do with their present position and w-
er they are shaken off thc better. It , terwts as the upholders of capitalist
requires something more than a large , exploitation. But what better could be
mouth and a diarrhoea of words to plant expected of any non-Socialist ? So long
the seeds of revolution in the minds of as workingmen are ^tisfied to elect
. , „,, .       , ,     ..     men merely on a trade union    record,
the workers. Whatever knowledge the ; witnou, any understanding of Socialist
workers obtain of the present system, I economics, they must be content to see
the necessity for its overthrow and how them bullied and browbeaten into silence
to go about the job, they will have to *V "cry mouther of capitalist platitudes,
get for themselves.    Neither a Walter ; A Iru'tle<.s F,8ht
Thomas  Mills or any other garrulous \, PMrdebiirg Day was duly celebrated
... .    . „    /       ..:;." .     last week by such of the South African
wind-bag who talks for a living can be , velwan, as wcre „<*, unavoidably de-
expected to bring it to them. To ac- ' tained in jail, or absent by reason of
quire it demands no small measure of having been hanged, or committed stiic-
persistent application upon the part of -de-causes w-hich have considerably
-      u        1    -.    r>   . _. _      thinned out the ranks tn the interval,
he who seeks it.   Oratory never yet de- !,{ m rccor<J o{ foc|) cam ^ -^ kept
mohshed an error or enshrined a truth. ;t wou|d be an eye opener as to the de-
Platform gymnastics and resonant loqu- I moralizing effect of organized murder
acity never yet established a fact of any ! and   plunder   in   the   interests   of   the
value to humankind.    The race has had ', P.«*«ra« and for «fj^.%y»»
ptre. Incidentally, some of the news-
altogether two much of that sort of ; papers took occasion to ask inconven-
thing for its own good. It is time to cut t icm questions as to the disposal of
it out. If for no other reason the cut- sundry funds raised by subscription
ting out of Walter Thomas Mills is to '< duri"K ** *>«« « ,hr «xcttement and
. .  .     ,j • .     .       *'__     never aunhrd to the ostensible purposes
be commended.   It is to be hoped thc   fof  which   they   we„    <.,-,••«.■<.<■.       j,
same rule will be applied to all other ; .*<■-, there is a Patriotic Fund of some
self-constituted saviours who are "sac- ! $100,000 unexpended and lying around
rificing" themselves upon humanity's al- I somewhere and then there if^-or was-
. ,     .      ..   •      •   . I also a South African Memorial Fund—
Ur, at least in their minds. j ^ no mvmoTU,    Th„ rCT,jnds me that
 (>  . shortly after Queen    Victoria's    death
i there was a woman's   memorial    fund
! started and every servant girl and sew-
i ing girl in the city was. asked to give
j something    What has become of all the
Toronto, March 5, 1907.      quarters  and  dimes  collected    by   the
Billy Maclean's Public Ownership As- , patriotic and public-spirited ladies who
sociation,  which  is  supposed  in  some   ran the show ?    And there are others—
way not very obvious to the naked eye j but their ultimate disposal is a question
to help the little capitalist in his half- j of antiquarian rather than sociological
hearted fight against the big corpora- ' interest.     It really doesn't much mat-
tions, succeeded in getting itself born j ter to the credulous    and enthusiastic
last week.    It is a fine assortment of  people who put up the coin whether the
what Eugene Debs  would call mixed ; stuff was blown in at Woodbine Park,
pickles, an   incongruous  collection    of j spent for ice-cream  and matinee tick-
has-beens and would-be's, worn-out po- ; ets or poured inlo holes in the ground
litical   hacks   and   soreheads,   and   the ; at Cobalt.   Only purely as a nutter of
usual crowd who are always ready to j curiosity one would like to know,
attach themselves to any new movement j Who's Got It Now-
with an eye either to prestige or pick- (    -., , . .  . .        .  .
ings. There are Tories who never J** }. *»* '"'getting what I wanted
gave a Grit vote in their lives and Grits i jfj^ »»»M Paardebiir* Just about the
who would vote for the most brazen ,,mc W*» £**** /i"11 ,ut of •?'*
corporation-monger of the outfit, pro- i.-."., "fthung their battles oer again,
vided he had the party endorsement Of 'he TiT'.., .5°° n .T' •!*_*_!
course, the affair is run wide-open - General Botha •• ith a Dutrh majority of
nothing like a pledge or a renunciation "P"^nta ives in the Transvaal-and
of old party affiliations required It ";du™g '■"- '"val British element lo
doesn't take much foresight to see its *J_»JnE -3_«w£*___i ** _ °."
finish. No doubt with the advantage cl,*^d ,bv ,h£ aW«_*P*Mat people
of free advertising it will flourish fa- ?f„Q,f^*. ,No *'™d" ther- «s a fall-
moitsly for awhile and everything will ,nf, °u,°.f .*n,crcst Jn ,he *• A Men'or;
go swimmingly until election time Then fe" . VVh,ch ,^cm,nd, m,c "f a Vor* * *
the tug of war to capture the vote will Yankfe wa<, ,??aM'nK ?,.,'>"• v»'°' « »•'»
go on merrily between Grit fakir and ?"?•-^ at Runk.r ,,1**** ."hereupon, •
Tory heeler, and there will be quarrels . Hntisher remarked that he really did-
and recriminations resulting in the in- ;n' *** "**,,,le American, had to blow
cvitablc collapse. How the shrewd, i $*>"£' W^'. ,hc British won at
hard-headed corporation magnates must! £"** »'• ',.droJ'e *°" ,Tank» 0,f at
laugh at such tactics. As for the great : £e P°'nt ?f » fclTOfci, 'You may
bulk of "the people," the little capital- ; fe "«ht' <"a"J?er. replied the Yankee,
ists and taxpayers about whose interests 1)^,°H *&,',.no*'
the Public Ownership advocates are so I Who* «ot South Afr,ca now?
much concerned, they are utterly apath- i PHILLIPS THOMPSON.
etic  in the matter.    Their fidelity to |  o-	
partyism and their dislike of "Social- j    *•*.„ ,.    _ -•      .   .  .       „     ,   ,
Um" is stronger than their sense of self- ! c^L^*3 *"£ w',at.,s ^.Revolutionary
oreservation 1 Socialist, anyway? Anything like a Rus-
preseryatton terrorist,    for   example? - The
"The Collapse of Socialism." "World,"
Of   course   the   Public   Ownership j    With a similar situation as that which
splurge is none of our funeral, and no j at present confronts the Russian prolet-
The Paris Commune of 1871
The Greatest Proletarian Uprising in History
In Commemoration of this Historic Event
Public Meeting will be held in
GRAND THEATRE, CORDOVA ST
SUNDAY, MARCH 17th, 1907.
Every worker should hear the story of how
50,000 Parisian Workers were relentlessly slaughtered to appease the wrath
of the French Ruling Class.
Doors open 7J - Meeting 8 P.M.
Admisssion Free.   Everybody Invited.
m in ■■iwwiwMw-BMMpnwswwai
ECONOMIC DEFINITIONS.
PUBLIC   OWNERSHIP   AND
MEMORIAL FUNDS.
Socialist need care two cents when or
how the farce is played out, but unless
one has schooled himself into an attitude of utter indifference as to what
the prostitutes of the capitalist press
may say on any subject—which is the
only way to preserve one's peace of
mind—it is rather irritating to hear this
ariat, wc should hope and expect to see
a Revolutionary Socialist do equally well.
We learn that the drug stores are not
to open at all on Sunday if they are not
to be allowed to sell anything else than
drugs. Obviously such limited sales
would hardly meet expenses and inas-
namby-pamby, capitalist-minded crowd [ much as drug stores, like every other
continually referred to as "Socialists" i capitalist institution; are run primarily
and to read thc exultations of the plut- ' '— .*-■■•
ocratic hirelings over the "defeat of
Socialism" in London. Just now every
malignant little newspaper pustule on
for profit, their decision not to open is
a perfectly reasonable one. Our hope
is that some of the spiritual fraternity
, may be seized with a good, griping
the rump of capitalism is having its j colic, or some other malady on Sunday,
fling of rejoicing over the London over- and with a closed drug store, fully rethrow. Double-column despatches un- alize the admirable arrangement of Sunder big headlines announce the collapse . day closing.
of "Socialism" in the British metropolis. 1	
Well, perhaps after all, this may be sheer Toronto, Ont., March. 12.—The lo-
ignorance, for it is wonderful how little cal Socialists have passed a resolution
most editors of Canadian dailies know, approving the action of the Socialist
outside of party politics, lt may be members of the British Columbia legis-
that the fellows who run the Mail and lattire in refusing to rise in honor of
Empire, Hamilton Times, etc., really do tbe Lieut.-Governor.—Press despatch.
Capital—Wealth used for the purpose of
increasing itself through the exploitation of labor.
Surplus Value—A value over and above
his wage which the laborer puts into
an article produced.
Social Value—A value made possible
only by the co-operation of the laborers in the productive process.
Market Volar—A value above (on the
average) the cost of production, and
at which tbe article Mils,
Labor Power—Work; the only thing the
proletarian can sell in order to gain a
sutMristence. With this commodity Ite
sells himself.
Commodity   Something that is  produced for sale.
II ages—Amount paid to laborer for his
labor-power.
Taxes'—Thc consumer is not fobbed--
only the producer. The laboring
class pays all taxes in tbe ultimate.
The ownership of the land is necessary to the proletariat along with all
the other means of production.
Tariffs—Have nothing to do with
wages. Wages tend to seek subsistence level of wage workers, no matter by what artificial means the selling price of their products may be increased.
•   •   •   •
The foregoing definitions were sent
to us for publication by a correspondent
who claims to have drawn his inspiration from Marx and other writers whose
economics are based on Marxian fundamentals. To us some of his definitions seem to contradict the others. We
cannot assent to his definition of labor-
power as work. In our opinion labor-
power is capacity to work. Work is
what the laborer experiences when delivering his commodity  labor-power.
We have no «Mice|rtion—even srith
his illuminating definition—of the meaning of the term social value, unless
thereby he seeks to indicate exchange
value, which, however, he dace not mention in his list of definitions. Market-
value: What is it our correspondent
has in mind when he speaks of cost of
production in this connection? Probably capitalist cost of production, Price
of raw material, plus wages paid the laborer, plus added profit chanred the
consumer; total, what he terms market-
value. Certainly hc cannot mean cost
of production in labor time as enunciated by Marx.
Marx shows that commodities exchange on the basis of the average quantity of social labor-time necessary for
their production. In other words, the
quantity of human labor equipped with
the most up-to-date process of wealth
production, measured by time. The selling price of a commodity is often-limes
.■xprrvwd in a piece of money that has
sometimes less, sometimes more, social
labor time, embodied in it, than there is
in the commodity it exchanges for, according to whatever disturbing influences there may be at work in the market, but the regulating force of supply
and demand compel these oscillations
above and below the mean cost of production in labor time to cancel each
other. (See Note 1 at the end of Chapter V. Capital, by Karl Marx). Onr
correspondent says labor-power U a
commodity. He also says commodities
arc sold on the average above the cost
of production. Therefore, the buyer of
the commodity labor-nower, i. e., the
consumer of its use-value, I. e., the
capitalist is being robbed if anyone is,
because he pays more for the commodity labor power than it costs to produce
it.
If the foregoing be correct reasoning,
the laborer makes a profit out of the
sale of his labor power and we are therefore at a loss to account for his propertyless condition. Moreover, with this
definition we cannot reconcile his statement that the producers only are robbed
nor that wages seek subsistence level.
One thing seems to us logically evident.
Either our correspondent's definitions
or Marx's Theory of Value neejJ* revision.
J. T. M.
■ ■»»        -■-
There is a big agitation going on in
the United States for a reduction in
railroad fares to 2 cents per mile. This
seems to us most unreasonable. If
those who are demanding the reduction
feel that the railroads are now charg-
mg'them too much, why don't they
walk? Surely no railroad would attempt to compel them to ride if they did
not choose to do ao.
CAPITALIST FEROCITY IN thp I
PARIS COM MINK
-II ovrr iij-
Within the pre-vent wrek
world the revolut-on-m wy,k
will meet to commn.iMr-.tc   the   t. '
to-mnune of mi.   This wu ihe JJ'
I^oTSiU i^ '™!*''y «rf*rnj|
th? Zd^ U,7Krs,V™'-'«trd '»
^ir*£ '•'( ,he ^fsnco-Pranoij
war, the Parisian wo*to_t*cJ_« lathe reins of public power froni «, of
Ihe hands of their coward)* m'tri ai I
Pjri>*eeded to aitrmpt iht dcic-ic* oil
Paris, not only agamst tiic invaikri, but]
against mote danger.nn rwrnm - the!
exploiting c-pUaliM- ol l nme it-4 tbotl
political heiH'hmrn lhe rnitrpnu-J
while it ended m terrible <J,uitrr tothcl
workers, scared thc ruling earn of ~*|
ery country nearly out oi iheir mu, t**|
cause they knew that th-.-r own **ork-l
ers suffered under that rule, and ibeyl
trembled lest they t««. **o>-i,d idt>*.\
suit. For years a protttem eaauufsl
of slander was kept up against tht Com-1
munard*. Tbey wcrr reyrtventfi is bt-l
ing the scum of the ram. *ho wot ia-|
mated by virions desires ol uputt, nj*!
bcry and murder. As a mttttt ui 'tciA
there were only .ni? fin bosugH that,!
not by the Commuiir, !>-.;! !<y • r.i-.-aJ*rl
of people driven mad l.v the. traiuotl
of prisoners taken l.y the b"urst*:*sI
Venaillese llow the >>-».ru» «lw«ls'|
tlieir country out i>> the <*ermim id\
would not dcfenjl Pan*, i<>'i-Kci tiws- J
selves on the worker* of tbe ntt u'''.<*,|
by Bismarck's *s«*f-ts.txc in tt5a*ii**l
priscrmrrs ol war, they g.-i » U*, rt»w*s|
army to take the .  > i • ■•' J|
in despatches sent by fc.ng.iso coms-l
pendents to their home [ape" TV I
following extracts -*r (-»r" -it nadm4,
from the columns ol the Lottdae lis***.!
the Daiiv Newi, aivi I-uiulatd
The shamble* have been e^tiWiiWj
at thc end of the be* evard Mi^t-erba. I
and it is a lagabnow ipectstk to wl
men and women, ol all *««« *-*l r"mll'l
tion* of life, defile paw at snterui. wl
that fatal direction A ,*'ty "(,lh"J
hundred moved scro»« the »«*"*]
only a few moment* ago. * ™ I
Salory, on Wednesday, , tbooMBdJJJ
the captured insurgents  revolted   »   I
got rid of their   bandcuifs *  "
The soldier, fired into the rro»d. and
three hmndred were nbot  *   *  *
In one of thc convoy * ol prisorws
a woman wa* driven on by a Kcn!»?e'
who goaded her with the point trf W
sabre until thc bl<«><l ran *   '       *•
Gallifet halted   the   column,   je****
eighty-two  (prisoner*). ••»•• "•"' ,,!Kr
shot    there    and    then ' JZ\
many as one thousand t oraroonuti *mt
shot after their capture (J"'" WA
* * * ♦ Human life h-S*bc-oese_-|
cheap, that a man is thot *** '«"»
the* a dog Summary exf*** "M
still (long afler the fighting hsd o**V I
going on wholesale /•-"••" """
May-June, IH71. .   IMm
Several hundrr-l insurgents wtoWj
refuge in the Madeleine »«ri W*£
sn the churcb •   •   '   •"^"/C
loads of dead bodies oi "-"^r.. 0j
been buried in the common diM
lasy. *   *   *   * No quarter **•] ,
to any man woman, or child-
Batches of as many a-- t "*' %„,,
hundred at a time vmc 'hot.
Newt, May-June, 1871. ,    ■#.
The wholesale execution'   *
discriminately. Prisoner- art ™JL*
in batches to places where I   *R»   ^
are stationed, and deep ire...h^*
fore hand. •   •   •,  * At £«£ nlgW
the Caserne Napoleon, since W-
five hundred persons  uu been     ^
There arc    invariably /™ftw*
boys among them. „„ and
are soon disposed of bj a )( ^
tumbled into a trench, »££„*•»*
killed by thc shots, deal '""■„;, pa."-
tion must soon put an enti u» <ho0lir4
Two court-martials ■■	
alone
Jay*.,
.ttherateof/n/;''7»^^;;irc>.*
Two thousand dead bo<»e»   ^^i, \
ed around the Pantheon.        - jj.
June, 1871.
iMtwhyUKwrkingms"*^!
ways bawling for more «*       ^1
howl because the pr.ee otM(orhirll
is a conundrum.   " 'l "* * - /f -,)«1«*
to wtdiiew Increased prtf-j,-, |
bor-power, it logical V ,n"°* r„li« ••
increased price for the
for sale.    It U *«• '■«"llim,f|f **\
that will claim rights l.^ ^ (.ll0*i, j
he is not willing to grant
to hu' -•'Si
*ma***mfa*\9
'
uTtjROAV, UAHCtt It, 1164. ,
*»
S PARTY MATTERS
i
AND ANNOUNCEMENTS
s
These rolumna hava been placed at
Ihe d,»|v»al of th. Party* Secretaries
,Vocal, ar. requested to take ad*
vantas. of them In. at Intervals, -•-
„ tine condltlona In their respective
Laini«« Communications under this
v„,! .hoiild be addi-aaeed to ihe Do-
JSnlon or Provincial Secretaries. Lo-
',1 aecretarlee are further requested to
iu<.k t" tbete columns for _i.ii.juh*-.-
-tntl from th* SB-ecutlve Oommlttef-x
Py   till.    B
Parly  will
minion and Provincial scereutle-t
fjj|i*v.d »f * IHfde of the In. it.oxlin
burden of cot-re*pc«a*nce.
0
ro SF.CHOTARIBS OP LOCALS
1,1 ht or SUFPLIES.
SOCIALISM,   REVOLUTION   AND
INTERNATIONALISM.
m wistitt ou_tKrt. UfgogEtt JEKBEBS ^dfexi.
heort /mm iii. *' d° not dcduce our 'ken, that which is* and that which is
hfs .li. "J .t,S^'at'?n o{ factors, destined to be: the origin of classes,
hat «,itum* *u'^°»".the conclusion [their present persistence and their ap-
and 2S?_2_ f,8ht; JUSUce' P'ychology, j proaching disappearance,
of melnZ V" fr°r US W?rds devoid i As *°<>n as- Panics to the development
to thTJll t 5__fg t0 elevate thcm of the faculties of man and to his indus-
;° '.Z.. ank ?' •""*•■!.<- proofs, which   trial discoveries, the productivity of la-
From a I-ecture Delivered by Gabriel
Dcville, in Paris, November 26, 1895.
—Translated by Robert Rives La
jMont.
Socialism, revolution, internationalism
—these are the three subjects regarding
...... , **bich   1  beg  your permission  to  say
iiv-uta the business   of    the   what—with no pretence of being infal-
t,« facilitated and the Do*   lible—I believe to be the truth.   At thc
fisk of telling you nothing new, 1 will
simply try to speak truth.   Those who
reproach the Socialists    for constantly
repeating the same thing, have, no doubt,
the habit of accommodating the truth to
suit tlieir taste for variety. On the other
liand,  to  talk   of  Socialism   is  to  do
j what everyone else is doing at this time,
.01' but I will speak lo you of it from the
! standpoint of a Socialist, and—unhap-
.96 ! pily—that is not as yet equally common.
1 me signal  and  distinctive mark of
The committee being a •tockhold*' modern Socialism is that it springs di-
„ ,n    the    co-opernttre    publishing | rectly from the facts.   Far from resting
smite of Chas. Ken It Co.. can pro- j on the imaginary conceptions of the in-
cure literature for the locals at cost.! tcllect, from beini? a more or less utop-
J. C. MORGAN, Secy, i ian vision of an ideal society, Socialism
is today simply the theoretical expres-
gsnii-erahlp card*, ench 	
Application blanks   (with plat-
form)  l«r 100  -.„....,...
Central Campaign Fund
'-rvioti'lv acknowledged   $251 25
is what we do, and all that we do, h
not to deny them; it is simply to avoid
employing them for a use for which they
are not and could not be destined Because, to uphold our theory, we prefer
to have recourse to the observation of
tacts and their tendencies, we have
never proscrilicd the conception or sentiment of justice as motives for adhesion
to that very theory, and wc do not hesi-
,atc t0 declare that that which is unfitted to serve as a scientific proof, may
be utilized as a motive for action.
Moreover, even those who attribute
to the "syndicate" of factors a preponderating power over historical progress
do not attribute to intelligence a greater influence than we recognize as belonging to it. In fact, the controversy
here is not concerning the influence of
ideas. The controversy arises when we
attempt to determine which ideas are
influential. On either side it is simply
a matter of choosing from among the
products of intelligence. Our opponents insist upon the claims of the factors in combination, instead of recognizing, as wc do, thc predominant influence of the ideas which clothe themselves in the phenomenal form of acts,
such as inventions, etc., which lead to
the modification of the economic envir-
rinment and consequently, as we believe, to the modification of man himself, in his mode of life first,
in
Ealare e Mortimer tour       2o 65
Ftmii Ijocal donation
I ..cal donation
sion of the contemporaneous phase of
tlie economic evolution of humanity.        habits and methods of thought   after
At this point we arc met with Into ob-   ward.
jections. I    As soon as it is seen that the trans-
I.hi o. I    *">n ",e onc ''and. because we say that j formation of the economic conditions, of
Socialism springs from the facts, we are
bor became great enough for an individual to be able to produce more than was
indispensable for his maintenance, the
division of society into two great classes,
the exploiters and the exploited, was affected. And this division had its justification, so long as production was not
sufficient to render comfort for all a
possibility. But, thanks to machinery
and to scientific appliances which facilitate labor, while vastly multiplying the
supply of articles of consumption, the
exhausting labor of the masses and the
monopolization of comfort by a minority
can henceforth give place, must henceforth give place, and will give place in a
future which no longer seems distant, to
the universalization of labor and its inevitable conseauence, the universalization of comfort and of leisure, that is to
say, to social conditions under which
there will be no classes, because their existence will (as now) serve no useful
end as it has done in the past. We will
soon see that our present ruling class,
far from being useful, is already becoming baneful.
Today, if the existence of distinct
classes has, apparently, lost all legal
sanction, it is just as real a fact as ever.
To deny it. one must have—pardon me
the expression, but I can find no other
defining as accurately this state of mind
—the desire to play the fool, or the in-
his terest to do so. lt is impossible to deny seriously that a part of the population is, in fact, through the form of the
economic relations, through their material  self-interest, through their need
raw_a»»
oo
two (larion subs
r<xal  ...
i no I accus<*<' 0,r denying the influence of the
!_. iide* *nA ,h<* 1'bera! defenders of the
_riaoiJdca ri$t up "• r*volt: ,hcv can calm
ti.'ti. McKE.Nkil' I fhcn?.!c,1VM agai"    Now could we deny
Secretary
o
j the influence of the Idea, when Social-
cvoiioiint conmtions, oi     ,7    .,      , •        __.:.i™ „r a„~~,a
Ihe conditions of life, is the fundatnen j of food' Placed' in ISfii^iSES
tal transformation, that upon which all \*** upon another portion of the popu-
the others are more or less dependent,
it will lie recognized that to say that Socialism is simply the expression of the
contemnoraneotts phase of economicxon-
ism itself is as yet, as I have just point- j ditions is not to narrow, in the slightest
jed out, only a theoretical    expression,   detrree, its field of action  but only to
ta order to afford    comrades
tan   sccese  to standard   works
TO STUDENTS OF  SOCIALISM,  j ' • an ***** which we nevertheless believe has a certain influence?
We merely assert that a truth, irrevo-
*n   eddy established by science as a valid | environment implies  necessarily a cor
.        ,    ..oa,   generalization, does not cease to be   a
Socialism, tht CQWtnMUo hat ****$**_ \ truth when it it applied to human his-
""" '"" " This truth is the
lation, and that there is an antagonism
between those who must struggle to exist by working and those who can bargain out to them the means of labor.
By proclaiming the existence of classes
and their antagonism, by divulging that
• antagonism, which is not their work, on
define   more   accurately   its   immediate; ,     ■■ ,. .   ,       „ ,-    • ,■ ,    „„„ „„,
"'    The affirmation that there is in !the P01'1'"' r^trum, _Socialists_are not
TO CLARION READERS.
The publishers of the Western Clarion
have orders upon the National Sewing
Machine Company (see advertisement
in another column) for three $65.00
sewing machines which are taken on advertising account. These orders will
be disposed of at an extremely reasonable figure. The machines will be
shipped direct to purchasers from the
company's factory. To any one living
in the United States an opportunity is
thus afforded to obtain an up to date
$65.00 sewing machine at reasonable
cost. To a Canadian purchaser, owing to that wise paternal blessing known
as the tariff, the duty would be added
to the cost.
Any one wishing to obtain a machine
will be furnished full particulars by addressing the publishers,
KINGSLEY & STOW,
Box 836,
Vancouver. B. C.
_P_T Every   Local   of the Socialiat
Party of Caaada ahould run a earl
under thia   bead,   fl.00 per month
Secreurlea pleaee note.
NOTICE,
Vancouver, B.C., Jan. 21, 1907.
Notice ia hereby given that, 60
daya a.ter date I Intend to apply to
the Hon. Commissioner of Lands and
Works for permission to purchase
Section 25, Township 8, Range 5,
Coast District. Bueklcy Valley.
JOHN  CORNYN.
British < olujubU Provlnt-lal RxecJSve
Committee. Socialist Party ot Canada. Meets every alternate Tuesday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
DunU-loa Executive Coriunlttee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets
every alternate Tuesday. 3. Q.
Morgan. SecreUry, 551 Barnard
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Uical Vancouver, No. 1, 8. P. of Cms*
ada. business meatlngs .very
Monday evening at headquarters,
Ingleside Block, III Cambie Street,
(room 1, second floor). Educational meetings every Sunday at I
p. m., 11, Sullivan Hall. Cordova
Street, rrrederlc Ferry, secretary.
Bex IM, Vancouver, a ft
j - ■ id a stock of literature. Thc
|ie!!*i-*mg are on hand and will be
IkbI , Mtpaid to any address at
[sneet quoted. Two-cent stamps
accepted for sums not excecd-
i»jt 15 cents:
I ir-* origin of th. Family, tr.
t ■    *)•   '    ' *• f        •••       *.,        M.       *****•**••* MOMC.ata
IJV Soeial Kev.ilutiota (Karl
Ksvtsky) 	
[TV iv .rid'. Ittnulutiuna tt_r_-
st     ntrimarml  	
I TV fM-riallsts. who ihejr are
»:••: whit they stand for,
iJohn  etpargo)    9
I TV Ivoluttnn of Man iBoieehe)
\t ■;•■". Horlal.«m (Ch... II.
■fail) 2ft
I Ch** Htrurrrlwi in America
it   M   Hlmnn.)  ... ., 10
AO
BO
.AO
»0
tory and Socialism.
I action of ihe environment: all living be-
; ings are the product of the environment
in which they live. To the environment. 111 the last analysis, to the relation*, necessarily created by the multiple
contacts, actions and reactions of thc environment and the environed are due
all the transformations of all organisms
and, in consequence, all the phenomena
that  emanate  from them.    Thought  is
goal.       .11.     .iiiiMiim.Mit    null    nine   is    li. '. ... ,..•      .:     ...„.,   „»„
progress an evolution of the economic I creating factitious distrations, they are
1 not resuscitating and do not dream of
responding evolution of the various resuscitating any of the social forms |»
branches of human knowledge, which ! ******** a"d ™J <™rget.cally «««*«-
are all influenced bv this environment,']**_ bJ *? F£nch ^ffi^K
just as the apple-tree implies the apple , only adapting themselves tothesUuatton
without its beine ncccssarv to speak: of ! a* 9 Presents.itself to them now
the integ.a. apple-tree,   If SocE, llL_5»"_^-127ftfi?eB1S
contained
mula,"  it
a   purely  economic  for-
workers more and more every day to
mma. it is ,ust as V appTtre^ is I comprehend ^.figm^g"^
contained in the seed. Ijet u. be vigilant j «r comb.nat.on m their disW »'**•«
to see that this "economic formula" and ! possessors of the means >of labor, and
this seed are not thwarted in their nor- I &»" «* »nterests to N defended have
mal dewlopment, and we shall have all
to the workers less and less the false es
the fruits ihat may be desired, even if j l*« ol individual jj__*^J»g_\
j one of thtrse phenomena, and, just like j we refrain from heaping qualifying or j £J™* "^ of strikeS( 0{ coalitions
of every kind imposed upon them by the
customs and conditions of life in a capi
I al'fthc* crthe?s.TrhIs"'rt'slour'ce in "actual j complemen'taVad'jectives'"upon"the apple- J •**««»■   Born of strikes, of coalitions
' facts.    To  sav  that   Socialism   springs ' tree and Socialism.
from tlie facts, is then simply to place 1
ao 1 ...#... -j.*. —*..-, .» *..».. -• ...yj '■■■ 1       Some have thought that they have dis-
the Socialist idea on the same plane with | covered an argument  against this pre
ln Socialism, as in all'
all .-ther ideas,
sub-ccts, the idea is the reflex in the
brain of ilie relations of man with his
surroundings, ami the greater   or less
dominance of the economic environment
lalist society, their class activity soon
takes on a political character. To this
then are due the working-class agitations
and  of the economic  question,  in  the   j^-j}™ jn the recognition of political
fart that IWej^W"^™  equality and thc establishment of universal  suffrage.  In possession of political
economic in nature—and they cite, most
frequently, the invention of gunpowder
and  the  revocation    of the    edict    of
rights,  the  workingmen  are  obviously
led to make use of these rights in be-
^.rflffS?^     Man,f",0'I0 fetm aptitude of the brain for acquiring, re
Uscislism,   Utopian   and *&. lainmg and combining ideas, constitute
em fir.   M-rx  A   En-f-ll.   .10 cents intelligence.   The latter, in making var- | NantM      i,avc had a great influence on   ha,f of their Qwn interests     inevitably.
Itire     labor    and    Cspitil, ,ou" combinations out of the elements | human  history     They   forget  that,   it
Karl   Marx    ". '.
I Tii-  '.■M.'j-.n  <A the  Working  C
I Chas    Vall Oft
iSrriali m and Farmers. A. m.
Simons  . * cent*
Other works procured to order.
I MIGRANTS FOR CANADA.
11 hundred emigrants sailed for
I Canada ia«t week from  England    *'n
•'"  itrtday tlie first contingent  of the
m 1 t*i   ti Army emigrants. MW strong,
5 cents provideil by the environment, may ob- I s„ch or such an important event was not
viijusly lo*e sight of the reality which j directly in itself an economic phenom-
v-rvc-. as its foundation, but our Social- j Cnon, it is chiefly by the consequences
ism aims never to depart from the data j (hat it had from the economic point of
drawn from unbiased observation of | view that it became important; like all
the facts. j human discoveries, all historic events, it
We arc accused, on the other hand, I reached a point where it became a mod-
1-ecause we lielieve that the economic jfying element of the economic environ-
questkm contains the whole of Socialism, j ment.
of denying the existence and influence j To recapitulate, if we insist upon the
..f the intellectual factor, the scntimen- influence of the surroundings, and, par-
tal factor, thc psychological factor —in j ticularly, upon the preponderant influ-
short, a whole collection of factors. | etice of the economic environment — the
Now, as 1 am going to try to show you,
our only error, if it is an error, is that
*t       . snd on   Ihursuay  500 others,
»« oj wlton*   are   English,   the    rest   tte wishito put the cart behind the horse,
.-.ml t;> accuse us of wishing to suppress
11'"»li and Italian,
Circulars  prepared  hy  the  irmnigta-
liin-i tk-psrtnsM of Canada, advertising
r» fr.< ijirm via tlie railway route," and
niiin,;  attention to the greet   ftc-ltj of*
bed in t.tnada for employment in rail-
ssj knlding, are now being distributed
In Sanilinavia, Belgium, l>enmark, and
[Mher  l-urti|jean countries.      This step
Su. been taken by the department of
the int.nor at Ottawa to induce immi-
Ifrttirin ihis year of men suitable    for
rjil*.-i) .oustruction laborers.   - Weekly
iint tbo Stale is merely an Instrn*
jmoit o| 1 he ruling class is amply born*
hm l,y thr above.    Tlie huve capitalist
I mm..!* embodied in the Grand   hunk
[he-fit and other big railway schemes
"r in full control of lhe l>onimion gov-
lerament      These   iiiteresls   tcquiic.     ■
l*rre force of cheap lalmrers to carry
''"'• ' "i  "idertakings   lletKc the iK.wrr
"I the M-ttc is requisitioned lo gather
"I* -  supply     Every   lyins*   subterfuge
kiK,\i ii t,, modern business chicanery is
tsdoubiedly    being    used  l<>  lure  the
ttwarj  into lhe net of Canadian rail
[*sj 1 Apimtation.   Allurin- talcs of free
""'I- will lie dinned into thc ears of
[jBinformeu Kuropeans hy the Canadian
[•migration department with thc lame
*k of scruple manifestcr- by a    gold*
wirk swindler in ciiKhing Ins  victim
'he tai,.s ,|oalt out for the purpose of in-
■King, ignorant people to conic to Can-
J* a* food for Canadian capital  will
"chiefly lies made out of whole cloth,
"'■ matt.r whether such be told by gov*
'rtiiiK-nt agents or private swindlers.
Hn.se who come will find themselves
[jy .iitamst conditions similar to those
|Hv have left behind.    Go where they
*"'. tin- world's workers cannot escape
2 r"l< "f capital.   They niitst surrcn
<*r their lives to its brutal ptrofit-mak-
y process just the same in Canada as
I Mewhcrc.
I, s" long as the workers supinely al-
**' ihe State to remain in the hands of
[ij* exploiting class, so
> forced to submit to
Pwers for the purpose
I!™™.pillar to post wherever
I ''""hes of capitalist prof
predominant became thc conditions
life, determining  m all orders of
! >»■; tl'vir^ice^^aral^Twitii   toit» considerable taPggJ^
refuse W sec n> » ■   '
ing of them irt subjection to the
process, is the function   of thc   omenon,
. h hold
I brut-it
l*Jf*. and right well it performs '*■ "
1   m '">' do so, Itowever. if the work-
. w"<- not chumps.    Vastly  in  tl"'
^)0/«y, they could oust the capital*
the cart liecausc we refuse to put it in
front or alongside of the horse, proves,
at once, thc incontestable desire to find
us at fault, and the difficulty of gratifying that desire.
Man. as 1 said just now, is the product of thc environment. Hut, to the
influence of thc cosmic or natural environment, which affects all beings, there
was soon joined in his case the influence of tbe special environment created
bv him, an environment resulting from
the acquired means of action, from thc
material of the tools used, from the conditions of life added b.v hint to those
furnished Mm by nature, or else substituted for tbem, the influence, in a
word, of the economic environment, an
influence whuh has gradually    become
of
10-
m<-(v man's mode <>( life, have finally
become less and less rtependettt upon the
puielv physical capabilities of the cosmic environment, and more and more
dependent optm the means of action acquired bv human exertions, upon the artificial capabilities of Ihe economic environment, upon human thought materialised in various innovations.
We find at tbe foundation of every-
tliim- effecting man the influence of the
natural and economic environments,
■ml if it is quite true that we recognize
the ortponderant influence of the economic environment, it is passing strange
„, accuse us of not rccogn.nng the lt>
-Jon of human intelligence, winch we
assert is tl.e creator of tins environment.
Onlv wo do not forget that, nt any stage
of development whatever, intelligence
,oes nothing by its creations except to
elaborate the elements winch1 it ftid
"ready made," as it were, in thc environment. .
Therefore, Intelligence can. by wo*
Im, with the elements furnished by the
e^isting environment, produce a change
" *' " - This new etiviron-
detcr-
intelli-
grad-
ibutc
only
plien-
■ep1N.fo*V«llS
creation of man — this does not justify
representing us as attributing an exclusive influence to the economic environment and as holding that ♦»••'- -nviron-
ment itself is created and influenced
only by facts properly classed as
economic.
I return then to my first proposition:
Socialism must have and has for its
foundation tbe economic environment,
the economic facts. What are those
facts?
In order for man, who can live only
on condition that he works, to be able to
perform any sort of work, he must have
at his disposition the instruments and
the subject of labor. Now, these tools
and this material, in one word, the
means of labor, are, more and more
becoming the property of the capitalists
therefore, the political struggle is becoming more and more a class struggle
which cannot end until the political
power, in the hands of the workingmen,
shall at last place the State at the service of the interests of all the exploited,
and thus enable the latter to proceed
to the economic reforms which will lead
to the disappearance of classes as a direct consequence.
Therefore, the Class Struggle is not
an invention of the Socialists, but the
very substance of the facts and acts of
history in the making that are daily taking place under their eyes.
THE PROVINCIAL ROUSE
ONCE MORE IN SESSION
(Continued from Page Onc.)
Mr. Williams also took strong objection to the practice of sending men out
to the old country in the name of British Columbia, and allowing them to
bring out what men they would. Thc
government should take steps to prevent
employers doing this. The government
should also cancel this agreement with
.,  ,    ,   , the  Salvation  Army, or they    should
Those who are despoiled of the means adop, thc prjncjp'e that the government
of utili'ittg m work their own labor- shoulj controi ,he supply of labor. The
power (or physical capacity for work) -act was fhat the ,,rOVeninient had been
are, henceforth, compelled, being unable bMncoed and hoodwinked into this busi-
to live otherwise, to sell the use of that nMS and had taken „0 p^ to learn
power to the capitalists who hold in the other side of the question. In future
their possession the things indispensable when he met a man who „,„*,- not get
for labor. Through their possession of work he would pr0pose to him to send
the tilings indispensable for the func- (an app-jcatjon to the Minister of Fi-
tlooing of labor-power, thc capitalists nanctf wh0 was so anxious to see the
are. in fact, masters of all who cannot en,pi0yer-» provided with labor, to get
utilize their own power themselves, nor n*m a ^^ somewhere in this province,
live without utilizing it. From this (Lighter and applause).
economic dependence flows the existence
of distinct classes, distinct in spite of
the civil and political equality of their
memliers; and, as the capitalist regime
expropriates the Middle Class more and
more, it tends to accentuate the division
of society into two principal classes: on
the one hand, those who control the
means of labor: on the other, those for
whom the actual use of those means is
the sole possibility of life.
I will ask you to note that I speak of
classes and not of orders or estates, because these last expressions imply a legal demarcation between tlie categories
of persons which tbey indicate; while
thc word class simn'v denotes, according to Littre. the "grades established
among men by the diversity and inequality of their circumstances." This is the
reason that some among us refuse to
make use of the expression "Fourth Estate" There are no longer any Estates, it is true, but it is not thc less
true that there still are classes. As no
one among us any longer dares to approve of their existence, to deny it is
the only wav to avoid comhating it. And
ers
"     n^recMlideration what Is Wiled| go it Is this denial that: is resorted to
taking into
Intelligence
V,,,| is paraded as the Intel
jt   I,  scarcely  necessary
E=W«y. they could oust the capital- |«eti»l factor, '' J^l, sneci il replies all
* !?>m their control of thc State aud for me to honor with »«,••„..■ „.
T.'ts um,.,.,. --. -._. .i-.-..-u,j.c .'mm   .h. ,.n,.-i   factors mobili/cl against u.
th*. '   lowers to free themselves irom
j-. ycwininic servitude to capital. But   ns thoy a
requires sense to do that
the  other   f... tors  1110
ligence.    I W»f »««* 1,owcver'
1 .H l* ■ I   "     *  ***      »   •    .    I
re all merely products of intel-
i>>- those adversaries of Socialism whose
only weapons are falsehood and hypocrisy. Socialists are not the cause of the
existence of classes because they recognize tbeir existence. They limit themselves to establishing  that  which has
At the conclusion of Mr. Williams'
speech, as no one else rose to address
the House, the Speaker rang his bell
three times and declared the debate
closed.
The address was adopted, the Socialists alone voting "Nay."
,—, o '	
Some of our patriotic friends have
been making much fuss because the Socialist members at Victoria remained
seated when the Lieutenant Governor,
togged out in medieval trappings and attended by the usual troup of flunkies,
went through the usual pompous fanfar-
ronade of opening the Provincial House.
As that distinguished official has made
no complaint, it is evident that he is
quite satisfied so long as they did not
sit on him.
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone have
been confined in jail for over a year,
with no more prospect of a trial now
than at its beginning. Justice is said
to be blind; some have suspicioncd her
to be also deaf, and now there is a persistent rumor afloat that she has turned
prostitute But even this is no breach
of capitalist ethics.
l-iOTICK
Vancouver, B.C., Jan. 21, 1907.
Notice is hereby given that, 60
days after date I intend to apply to
the Hon. Commissioner of Lands and
Works for permission to purchase
Section fi. Township 6, Itange 5,
Coast District. Buckley Valley.
JAMES  ARTHUR  GARDNER.
NOTICE.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that 30
day* after date I intend to appiy to u,c lion
Chiet Commissioaer of Lands and Murks Iut
a special license to cut and cany a«a> 111,1
ber from the following described MUKia in
Coast District:
1. Commencing at a post planted on tbe
west side of River. Inlet, at the north end 01
-xhooner i'aa*, about a mile and a bait irom
I3eaver Cannery; thence west no chains,
thence north 80 chaina, thence east SO chains,
tbence south 80 chain., to place oi commencement.
2. Commencing at a post planted on the
west side of No. 1, running west cu chains,
thence north SO chains, thence east »0 cbains,
thence south 80 chains, to point ot commence
mcAt.
W. M. FEENEV.
Agent for Frank Vandall and H. IL 1'uhr.
Vancouver,  B. C, Feb.   .th,  luo;.
NOTICE.
Notice i* hereby given that sixty days after
date wc Intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for special li
cense to cot and carry away timber on tbe
following described  lands  in   Rupert   District:
S. Commencing at the N. E. corner of section SS marked Imperial Timber and Trading
Company's Northwest corner, thence 80 ci.aiik>
South, thence SO chains East, thence 8U
chains North, thence 80 chains West io point
of commencement.
S. Commencing at a point one-half mile
East of the Northeast corner of section iit,
marked Southwest corner post, thence Aortn
ISO chains, thence East SU chains, thence
South ISO chains, thence West 10 chains I*
point of commencement.
4. Commencing at tbe same point as No.
3 marked the Southeast corner post, thence
North ISO chains, thence West 4-1 cnains,
thence South ISO chains, thence East 40 chains
to point of commencement.
5. Commencing at a point about one-half
mile West from tbe Northeast corner of section SS, marked Southwest corner post, thence
North 160 chains, thence East 40 chains,
tbence Soulh 160 chains, tbence West 4u
cbains, to point of commencement.
6. Commencing at the nme point as No.
5, marked Southeast corner post, ihence North
160 chains, tbence West 40 chains, thence
South ICO chains, thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement
T. Commencing at a post near the N. E
corner of Section 23, marked the N. W. corner post tbence South 80 chains, thence East
80 chains, thence North »0 chains, thence
West 80 chains, to point of commencement.
9. Commencing at a point one-half mile
West of the N. W*- corner of section 15,
marked Southwest corner post, thence North
160 chains, thence East 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, tbence west 40 chains to
point of commencement
10. Commencing at tbe same point as No.
9, marked the S. K. corner post, thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 chains, tbence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains to
point  of commencement.
11. Commencing at the same point as  No.
10, marked the N. W. corner post, thence
South 100 cbains, thence East 40 chains,
tbence North 160 chains, tbence West 40
chain, to point of commencement.
12. Commencing at the aame point a.  No.
11, marked thc N. E. corner post, thence
South 160 chains, thence West 40 chains,
thence North 160 chaina, thence East 40 chain*
to point of commencement.
13. Commencing at the Southeast corner of
Sertoin 80, marked the N, K. comer post,
thence South 160 chains, thence West 40
chains, thence North 160 chains, thence East
40 chains to point of commencement.
14. Commencing at tbe same point a. No.
13, and marked the S. E. corner, thence North
160 chaina, tbence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement
15. Commencing a half a mile West of the
S. E. corner of Section SO, marked the N. E.
corner post, thence South 160 chains, thence
Weat 40 chains, thence North 160 chains,
thence East 40 chain, to point of commence-
ment.
IS. Commencing at the same point a. No.
15, marked the S. fc. corner post, thence North
160 chains, thence Weat 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chain, to
point of commencement.
19. Commencing at the S.E. cor. of sec. 16,
marked the N. W. corner post, thence
South 80 chains, thence East 80 chain., thence
North 80 chains, thence West 80 chains to
point of commencement.
20. Commencing at a point one half mile
West of the S. W. comer of Section in.
marked the N. W. corner post, thence South
160 chains.thence East 40 chains, thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 cbains to poiut of
commencement.
21. Commencing al the same point as in
No. 20, marked the N. E. corner post, thence
South 160 chains, thence West 10 chains,
thence North 160 chains, thence East 40 chains
to point of commencement.
82. Commencing at the same point as in
No. 21, marked the S. W. cornet post, thence
North 160 chains, thence East 40 chains,
ihence South 160 chains, thence West 40
chains  to point of commencement.
23. Commencing at the same point as No.
22, marked the S. E. corner port, thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chsins, thence East 40 chains o
point of commencement.
24. Commencing at a point near the N. E.
corner of Section 31, marked the N. E. corner poit, thence South 80 chain., thence We.t
80 chains, thence North 80 chains, thence Eait
80 chain* to point of commencement
Local Toronto, 8. P. of C—Meets every Sunday 3 p. m. at Davis Hall,
corner Queen and Spadina Avenues. F. Dale, Secretary, 41
Henry Street. Finnish Branch
meets Sunday nights, same hall.
Jewish Branch, Sunday nights, at
185 1-2 Queen St. West.
Local Winnipeg, S. P. of C, meets
every Sunday, iu Trades Hail, at
2:30 p. m. J. Coxon, Secretary, 220
Princess St., Winnipeg, Man.
Local Nelson, S. P. of C—Meets every j-riday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Union Hall, Nelson B. C
A. VV. Harrod, Organizer.
25. Commencing at the N. t, corner of
Section Kb, marked the S. E. corner po»u
tbence West 160 chains, thence North 40
cnauu, thence East 160 chains, thence South
40 cnauu to point of commencement
26. Commencing at a point half a mile
East of the S. VV. corner of Section 87, T'p.
li>. n_rked the S. fc. corner post thence
North ii,o chains, thence West 40 chains,
.lienc_- South 100 chains, tuence East 40 cuain*
lo point of commencement.
27. Commencing at a post about one
mile S. of the S. W. corner of Section
15, T'p. 14, marked tbe N. VV. corner post,
tbence S. bO chaina, tb-:nce L. bO chains,
thence .N. 80 chains, thence VV. 80 chains, to
point of commencement.
28. Commencing at the same point as No.
27, marked the N. E. corner post tbence S.
tO ci:ains, tbence W. 80 chains, tbence N. 80
chains, tnencc fc. 60 chains, to pout of commencement
29. Commencing at a point about two
miles S. of the S. W. corner of Section 20,
narked the N. W. corner post, tbence S. 160
chaii-a, tbence E. 40 chains, thence N. leo
ih.ins, thence W. 40 chains, to point of com-
menceme—i.
30. Commencing at tl.e same point aa
No. 29, marked the N. East corner post, t.ience
S. 160 chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence
N. 160 cams, thence E. 40 chains, to point
of commencement
31. Commencing at a pest near tbe N. VV.
corner of Section 13, marked the N. W. corner post, -.fane South 160 chains, tl-ence
East 4u chains, thence North ltto chains,
tbence West 40 chains, to point of commencement
32. Commencing at the same point as  No.
31, iiiar.ed the N. E. corner post thence
South 160 chins, thence West 40 cbains,
thence North 160 chains, thence East 40
chains, to point of commencement
33. Commencing at tbe same point as No.
32, ntifced the S. VV. corner post, thence
North 160 chains, thence East 40 chains,
thence South 1B0 chains, thence West 40
chain., to point of commencement
34. Commencing at tbe aame point as  No.
33, marked tbe S. E. corner post thence
North ISO chains, thence West 40 chains,
thence South 1C0 chains, thence East 40
chains, to point of commencement
35. Commencing near the S. W. comer
of Section 22, marked the S. W. corner post,
thence N. 80 chains, thence E. 80 chains,
thence S. 80 chains, thence W. 80 chains, to
point of commencement
36. Commencing at the same point a. No.
35, marked the 8. E. corner post thence
N. 160 chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence
S. 160 chains, thence E. 40 chain, to point
of commencement
37. Commencing at a point about one mile
S. of the S. W. corner of Section 22. marked
the S. E. corner post, tbence VV. 80 chains,
thence N. 80 chains, thence K. 80 chains,
thence S. 80 chains to point of commencement
38. Commencing at  tbe same point aa  No.
37, marked the N. W. corner post, ihence S.
160 chains, thence E. 40 chains, thence N.
160 chains, thence W. 40 chains, to point of
commencement,
29.    Commencing at  the same point as  No.
38, marked the N. E. corner post, thence S.
160 cliains, thence W. 40 chains, thence N.
160 chains, thence E. 40 chains to point of
commencement.
40. Commencing at a point near the S. W.
corner of Section 21, marked the S. E. corner post thence N. 80 cliains, thence W. 80
chains, thence S, 80 chains, thence E. 80
chains, to point of commencement
41. Commencing about one mile N. from
the N. W. corner of Section 17, marked the
S. E. corner post, thence N. 80 chains, thence
VV. 80 chains, thence S. 80 chains, thence E.
80 chains, to point of commencement.
49. Commencing at a point about one mile
S. of the S. E. corner of Section 20, marked
tbe S. E. corner post, thence W. 160 chain.,
thence N. 40 cbains, thence E. 160 chains,
thence S. 40 cliains, to point of commencement
43. Commencing at a point about 2 miles
South of the S. E. comer of Section 19,
marked the S. W. corner post, thence North
80 chains, thence East 80 chains, thence
South 80 chains, thence West 80 chains, to
point  of con.m neement.
44. Commencing at tbe ume point as No.
43, marked tbe N. W. comer post, thence S.
160 ch.-i-s, thence E. 40 chains, thence N.
160 chain*, thence W. 40 chains, to point
of commencement
45. Comme-cing at a point about two and
a half miles S. of the S. E. corner of Section
24, marked the N. R, corner post, thence
W. 160 rhsins, thenae S. 40 chains, thence
E. 160 chains, thence N. 40 chain*, to point
of commencement.
46. Commencing at a point near the S. W.
corner of Sec ion '.'2. marked the N. W. corner (>"st, thenc* S. so chains, thence E. 80
chains, thence N. 80 chain., thence W. 80
chains,  to point of commencement.
47. Commencing al a point nenr the S. W.
corner of Section 18, T'p. 13. marked the N.
W. corner post, thence South 160 chain*,
thence Fast 40 chains, thence North ISO
chains, thence West 40 chains, to point ef
commencement.
48. Commencing at a point near the N. W.
corner of .Section 18, marked the S. E. corner post, thence North 80 chains, thence West
SO chains thence South 81) chain*, thence East
80 chains, to point of commencement
Dated   at   Vancouver,   B.   C,   February   13th,
190T.
IMPERIAL  TIMRER    4  TRADING   COMPANY, LIMITED.
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SATURDAY, MARCH
9
9
9
9
9
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9
9
i
NEWS AND VIEWS I
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   |
Edit ml by R. V. rT*TTs*pn"«C_S, to wl.oiu all wrraprmtlenoe tor this «t«' part ment should be addrasned.        Jp
CORRESPONDENCE.
MANDATE   FROM WORKERS OF
CANADA.
It's those awful Socialists again!
This time the three working-class
representatives at Victoria have refused
to kow-tow to the greatest labor-skinner and law-breaker in British Columbia, simply because of his fine purple,
which only stands for thc perpetuation
of class rule and the further robbery of"
waee-slaves.
In connection with this "incident" at
Victoria, the following resolution (No.
48), unanimously concurred in by the
Victoria 1906 session of the Dominion
Trades Congress, is significant:
"Whereas, the powers that be, have
seen fit to appoint the coal operator,
James Dunsmuir, to the position of
Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia; and, whereas, the same James
Dunsmuir has always been most unfair
in his dealings with the coal miners and
other workmen in his employ; and,
whereas, no organization of any kind is 1
allowed among the employees of the
said James Dunsmuir at Ladysmith
and Union mines, Cumberland, Vancouver Island; and, whereas, many good
and industrious men and women have
been driven from their homes on Van-
couper Island, by the actions of the
said James Dunsmuir; be it, therefore,
resolved, by this Twenty-Second Annual Convention of the Trades -and Labor
Congress of Canada in meeting assembled, that we most emphatically express our disapproval of the appointment of James Dunsmuir as Lieutenant
Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
 ,—I,	
CONFLICT    BETWEEN    BUYERS
AND SELLERS.
The "identity of interest" between
those Siamese twins—capital and labor
—is likely to be further exemplified in
Vancouver between now and May 1st.
The building trades seem most involved.
but there is one thing we must do,
and that is to look more carefully after
the voters" list, and by some means to bc
devised prevent so many workingmen
being disfranchised. 1 know this is the
case in this Valley and 1 am sure it is
the same all over this province. For
instance, the voters" list for this Valley
contains 2371 names and there were
only 102*1 polled. The Socialists must
devote a great deal more time to this
matter in future. * * * Hope to see Local established at Vernon soon.* * *
Trust-busting, sentimental Socialism
will not go down with the rank and file
of working class people. lt has just
about as much weight at election time as
the promise of  a crown  and    a harp
Editor Clarion: In reading your
Note and Comment column ! came
across the article written on tlie new
Lord's l>ay Act and 1 beg a little space
to air mv objections to the said article.
A good Socialist at heart. 1 believe such
an article as that is doing the cause
much harm. Firstly, the new Lord's
Day Act was not intended to force men
to go to church, and was never meant
to be understood as such, but to make
it possible for a workingnufn to hc sure
of one day's rest or recreation in every
seven. In explanation of this, let me
mention the case ot miners, motortnen,
clerks, etc.. of older towns and cities
when'you'die.Workingnien have learned j than ours who, if they willjiot agree to
to walk on their hind legs pretty well! -        * -     - * —
now and are beginning to learn to use
their gray matter (brains) and will not
stand to be humbugged much longer.
They are learning fast to understand at
what end of the game they are skinned.
Oh, let it be soon! But we will have to
keep pounding away and nothing but
the clear goods.    Yours in Revolt."
A GRAND  FORKS SUGGESTION.
Com. Walter E. Haddcn, secretary-
Grand Forks Local, No. 12, is, at the instigation of the Smelter City Socialists,
in communication with the B. C. Executive Committee in re the publication of
a Party pamphlet giving a review and
statistical information of the Socialist
movement in Canada—a sort of past,
present and future record. The Executive appointed Com. Pettipiece to report
on same at next meeting, as to cost, size,
nature of contents, etc.
WAGES NOT WRITTEN
IN TERMS OF LAW.
REWARDED!
J. D. McNiven, foreman of Senator
Templeman's "Times" at Victoria, and
one of thc defeated Liberal candidates
at the last B. C. election, has been
named by the Ottawa government to*
take over the duties of Fair-Wage Officer of the Department of Labor in succession to the late D. J. O'Donoghue.
His territory includes Ontario and west
to thc Pacific Coast.
GETTING READY FOR MAY DAY
AT    MONTREAL.
Workers   Will   Hold   a   United
monstration on Labor's International Holiday.
De-
Com. H. Reich of Montreal reports a
thriving Ijocal of the S. P. of C. in that
city. Says he: "It is a healthy English-speaking organization. We held an
agitation meeting on Sunday, Feb. 27,
at 2:30 n. m. Collection $5.00; seven
new applications for membership. The
comrades are all satisfied with the result and with renewed enthusiasm and
courage we will continue meetings every
second Sunday, each to be held at some
different hall, thus enabling us to cover
the entire city.
"The Jewish-speaking workingmen are
having a speaker, Com. Zametkim, an
old war-horse from New York, address
them on Socialism.
"The thing we need in this city is to
bring the various social democratic organizations together, and if that can be
accomplished by the S. P. of C. Local,
we will have a splendid compact fighting
organization. Independent revolutionary
local organizations already exist among
the Jews, French, Italians, thc Poles and
Russians, each working in its own way.
"Can not the Dominion Executive
Committee do something in this'matter?
A May-Dav Celebration.
"The Local here has also decided to
celebrate the international holiday of
Labor—May 1st—with a monster demonstration. A committee of five were
elected to make the necessary arrangements. A conference with all the trades
and labor organizations, and sympathetic
societies in the city, will be held on
Friday, March 1st.
"Later results will be made known to
'News and Views.'"
PARKER WILLIAMS
AT MT.
SICKER.
MT. SICKER, B. C, Feb. 23—Comrade Parker Williams, M. P. P., Newcastle, lectured here to a full house in
the Union hall last night, which makes
the first gun fired in the campaign of
the next election. We hooe to be better prepared than we were for the one
last month. The audience was greatly
pleased with Parker, as shown by their
hearty response to a vote of thanks,
moved at the end of the meeting, by
Comrade James Hardy, to Parker, for
hoofing it up Mt. Sicker to talk to the
wage-slaves of this place. Yours for the
Revolution, S. C. Horel, Secretary Mt.
Sicker Local No. 32.
SOCIALISM
IN THE OKANAGAN
VALLEY.
Passing Comment by Com. Johnson.—
Lessons for B. C. Socialists.
"Not on the voters' list !"
Such is the plaint from nearly every
constituency in the province.
Com. J. F. Johnson of Enderby, B. C,
says:
"There arc many things we have not
done, and many things we should do,' —Labor Gazette.
Capitalist Press Giving Socialist
tion in  Plain Terms.
Posi-
"The board has since announced that
payment for men working in rock
trenches is 8s. per day, and in rock tunnels 9s. per day, under the day-labor
system, and under thc direct supervision
of the board, yet information of a
trustworthy character has come to hand
that as low as 7s. is being paid, where
the necessities of men compel them to
accept that wage."
 o	
MIGHT BE BAD PRECEDENT.
Could not those institutions that have
accepted Rockefeller's and other tainted
money be indicted for receiving stolen
property?—Daily press.
QUESTION BOX.
Cent-belter, Toronto—Waiting for
Hawthornthwaite to secure official election returns. Will then publish information sought. Secretaries of B. C. Locals have been lax in reporting results.
. Comrade V. S. Holmstcn, manager of
Tyomies (Finnish Party paper), published at Hancock, Mich., died Jan. 15,
His loss is greatly felt by the Finnish
comrades, as in a large measure thc
success of Tyomies is due to his untiring
energy and ability.
WILL   NOW   BEG   FOR   LABOR
LEGISLATION.
A. G. Perry, member of the B. C.
Executive of the Dominion Trades Congress, and Mark Beach, president of
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council,
will go to Victoria during the present
session of the House to co-operate with
members of the Victoria central labor
body in begging for legislation. And
this from representatives elected to a
man by the votes of workingmen. Mr.
Dutton, another member of the Congress B. C. Executive, who worked and
voted for the defunct Liberal party last
month, is unable to become one of the J
deputation owing to a nasty accident befalling him last week while at work. The
meteoric career of the third Congress
member for B. C.—Mr. Grey—is now a
closed incident in the labor movement.
The question of "who shall pay the
freight" in connection with such deputations will probably be discussed when
the time comes.
work seven days a week, might just as
well put on their coats and get.
Now, in the case of the Charlotte-
town, P. E. 1. affair, that is mentioned
in the article, I think that that is a
strong point in favor of the new Act. If
it had been in force then the company
could not have forced their men to work
and you may rest assured that the men
did not act on their own initiative.
Now, it seems to me the author of thc
said article seems to be satisfied with
the old regime. What is there in the
old conditions, may I ask, to warrant
such satisfaction? I would say more.
Here we have men in our corporations
working elcven»hours per day seven days
a week and others afraid to go away for
a day's outing and recreation amidst
the green splendour of nature for fear
the call boy may pay them a visit. When
travelling on the prairie you will notice
our brothers from the old lands working seven days a week at the plow. But,
you will add, this is a free country, and
if a man wants to work, let him do so,
but you will have to also admit that
that has a tendency to make the grabbing farmer turn his hired men out on
Sunday to help fill his—the farmer'?*—
pockets. Now, this new Lord's Day Act
puts an end to all this and enables all
workingmen to enjoy a full days's rest
or recreation. The workingman is shortsighted if he spends his rest wishing
that certain slaves should work for his
paltry amusement. Let every man take
his Sunday as hc wishes, but let him
take care that hc docs not cause some
poor unfortunate to work for his rest.
SUNDAY OFTEN.
Kamloops, March S, 1907.
*   *    *    «
Note: By the way, "Sunday Often,"
in future write only on one side of the
paper. We wcre obliged to re-write
your letter. Next time it is W. P. B
All other transgressors take notice.
(Editor).
The matter contained in above has
been pretty fully dealt with in recent issues. Would just say we are not satisfied with cither present or past regime.
It is not necessary to inflict a Puritanical Sabbath on a community in order to
secure a six-day week for all toilers if
that wcre all our spiritual guides had
in view. Again, may 1 ask what opportunity have the workers in a crowded
city to see "thc green splendour of nature," referred to by our correspondent,
if transnortation facilities nre not afforded to carry them there? Of course
the Act does not expressly state that
the working class must go to church or
stay home, but it virtually has that effect. Then again, it has come to our
notice that there are certain sects whose
relieious conscience inincl them to observe Saturday. Jews, Seventh Advcn-
tists, Christadelphians, et**"*- Do these
hypocritical mouthers in thc Lord's
Day ^Alliance who howl for religious
freedom when their sordid material interests arc in jeopardy take these people
into consideration? Let us have a rest
day, two or three if you please, but let
no hypocritical priest or preacher close
the avenues of rational enjoyment in order to better peddle his nauseous spiritual wares.
J. T. M.
U. S. MEMBERSHIP GROWING.
The amount received at the United
States National Office of the Socialist
Party for dues during January, 1907,
exceeded by $400 the amount received
for the same purpose during January,
19«0. In Canada, too, thc Dominion
Executive Committee's semi-monthly
reports show a large increase in Party
revenue.
SAFETY APPLIANCES
COST MUCH MONEY.
Human Lives Sacrificed to Profit During January.—Plenty More Wage-
Slaves Available at Cost of Subsistence.
Industrial accidents occurring to 253
individual workpeople in Canada during
thc month of January were reported to
thc Department of Ijabor. Of these 58
were fatal and 105 resulted in serious injuries. Iii addition, accidents to 8
wrrkmen, of which 5 were fatal, were
reported as having taken place prior to
t!i<* beginning of the month, information
not having been received by thc Department before January;-a907. The number of fatal accidents reported in January, was 28 less than the previous
month and 2 less than in January, 1006.
DUNSMUIR AND
THE SOCIALISTS
The Daily Province of March llth
contains a leading editorial in which it
hectors Comrades Hawthornthwaite and
Mcinnes for refusing to rise at the entrance of Lieutenant Governor Dunsmuir at the opening of the local legislature. Thc following are a few of the
epileptic spasms it throws when referring to thc incident:
* *   *   *
But there was more in the refusal, by
Messrs. Hawthornthwaite and Mcinnes,
to show the usual courtesy to the Lieutenant Governor, than merely bad manners. There was a desire evinced by
them deliberately to insult public sentiment, to bid defiance publicly to thc
institutions under which we live; there
was the unmistakable intention of proclaiming that they would, if they were
able to do so, upset thc existing order
of society, with all that that means. It
was as if they had taken the flag and
openly trampled it beneath their feet
in the presence of those to whom it is
the symbol of order, of security and of
patriotism.
* *   »   *
When, however, wc find the men who
thus conduct themselves on the platform with impunity, seeking to make
the legislature the theatre of their disloyal acts and utterances, it certainly is
time to call a halt. Of course, no one
will give a second thought to the fact
that two or more members of thc
House of Assembly failed to show proper manners by rising at the entrance of
the Lieutenant Governor, but if some
curious representative sought and obtained from Messrs. Hawthornthwaite
and Mcinnes a full explanation of the
meaning of the rudeness of which they
were guilty, and it became unmistakable
that, as representatives of the people in
the parliament of the province, their desire and purpose was, and is, violently
if they can, to overset and destroy the
present conditions of society, then it
will remain for tlie legislature to say
whether a committee should be appointed to report on the qualifications these
men possess as safe and efficient lawmakers.
**       ***     +     ««**
There is not the slightest doubt hut
what the presence of these men in thc
House, their actions and thc nrinciplcs
they stand for constitute a grievous offence to the Province and all the capitalist brood that it and similar rage are
apologist for. If it were not so ,we
should feel inclined to be suspicious of
them. The virulent denunciations they
have experienced at thc baud of press-
writers in capitalist journals are most
eloquent testimonials to their fidelity
and watchful care for the interests of
their constituents—thc working class.
By their actions they are at least free
from the taint of hypocrisy. When we
know that bourgeois society—to hide
the warring clash of its sordid interests—is obliged to put on the cloak of
canting dissimulation we arc not at all
surprised at the chorus of disapproval
that has arisen in this affair. The
bourgeoisie are entitled to consider our
comrades' action a mark of disrespect.
Neither as man, nor capitalist, nor as
representative of his class in the office
of Lieutenant Governor is James Dunsmuir entitled to anv mark of consideration from the hands of a workingman.
We do not forget the needless persecution and tyranny he has practised
on our comrades and the defenceless
workers out of whose toil and sweat he
has lived a fat, useless life. In thc exercise of Czar-like authority in his domain, workingmen's homes have been
broken up, spies maintained to dog their
steps, laws designed for the protection
of life and limb deliberately violated, thc
right to think, speak and vote as becomes a man, denied. In short, an aggregate oi suffering and misery that
few men would care to have inscrilied
on their record.
Moreover, as Lieutenant Governor of
a bourgeois state, he fittingly represents
just such principles, for finally capitalism everywhere spells misery to the
workers. Now, as to the trampling on
the Flag to which our comrades' action
has lieen compared ami to which the
Province has referred with wc*'i-«iim-
ulated horror. 'l*he working-class gudgeons don't bite so readily at this artful
bait as formerly. They are beginning
to learn that this flag has never yet
floated over free working people. We
know that in thc heart of the "Greatest
Empire that has been" there are hundreds of thousands denied the right to
work, and as a consequence the right to
life. We know that an even greater
number live in a state of semi-starvation.
We know that the patriotic British capitalists arc ru;ht now scouring the earth
for cheap labor of any color to displace
thc workers whom they expect to reverence their Flag. In the hands of thc
British ruling class that Flag has become thc emblem of commercial piracy
and slave-labor.
We make no Imncs ibont saying that
the Red Flag of human liberty alone is
our Flag—the Flag the workers of every country can reverence and follow.
The Province is right; »e certainly do
hooe "to overset the present order of society, but we intend to build something
more decent on its ruins. Whether the
process shall be violent or not. does not
rest with us. If, however, the "Province"
is really sincere in wishing to avoid
violence, it had better bc a little more
careful in the advice it proffers the
Legislature when it suggests an inquisitorial committee and the expulsion
of the  Socialists.
'Phe people who elected these men
know what they stand for. In the recent
elections the bourgeois press certainly
let it be known that our candidates had
no manner of use for either ihe capitalist flact or 'lie capitalist brand of patriotism, so it is reasonable to suppose that
the workers would either elect those
men again or men imbued with similar
ideas. What, then, would lie the conse-
'lii.-ticc if the Capitalists still made use of
their majority in the House and denied
them admission Let history answer.
Thc denial of peaceful evolution has always provoked violent revolution and
whenever the ruling class of this country are ready to throw the gaj-e of "No
representation to the proletariat," wc
hope to find the working class ready to
pick it up.
We would remind the "Prov'ncc"
'That whom thc god- would dettrojr
they first make mad."
J. T. M.
LAST SUNDAY'S MEETING.
There was a fair attendance at last
Sunday's propaganda meeting in Sullivan Hall. Com. J. G. Morgan delivered
an interesting address on thc origin uf
property and the social relationship it
established between men. He traced the
growth and development of the class
state and, reasoning from the past experience of the race, sketched thc probable line of future evolution. His address brought forth numerous questions
and a most interesting discussion.
Next Sunday, March 17th, propaganda meet ing will bc held in the Grand
Theatre. Subject: Paris Commune of
'71.    Speaker. E. T. Kingsley.
by btiyfrifj this
reliable, honest
high grodi eew*
ing machine.
STRONGEST GUARANTOR,
National Sewing Machine Co.,
SAN rRANCISCO.  CAL.
** f-ACTORY AT BCLVItBUU H.L. '
WANTED
At Ymir General Hospital a trained
nurse, wages f'lO.OO per month.
For further information write to
VV. B. McISAAC,
Secretary  Ymir General Hospital
P. O. Drawer 600. Ymir, B. C
v\!Sl lo |>l-.. * co i„Zr ti,n£S**? * I.
aioatb.   aeemarie* *.|..HW ^***   tn* ^
International Aaaoci,tion of „ -
and Structural Ironworker* r_"
^l 2?* ******* in Ubor Haft
and Structural I rot. workm T1.
i" Labor Hall r *'
 „„*y of the mon,J'"'
n.    B. Jardint     '.M?mh «
i Boa ii*, v^c-ou^Y*
-____-______. '      '*n\\**m**mm\
i p. m
rotary'
Phoenix Miners' Union ~~nT~.
W. F. M. Meet, ever"' £**
evening at 7.30 o'clock in M *.'
hall. -John Kcliini, p.S2
Walter Morrison, Secretary*1
ENJOY  LIFE   BY SMOKING
The
TERMINUS
Cigar
MADE IN VANCOUVER
 **•***+
TKLKl-UONK tint ♦
HENRY BCHNSCNjI Co. (
♦
1
CIIMS
i Ra I Ceatre It.
VICTORIA. B.C.
Tne .
IXOtirgftiB
' **u
TELEPHONE M9
CAPITAL CITY BAKERY
G  A. OKELL, Managst-
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City.   You can always
depend upon our bread.    Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
J. Edward Bird.    A. O. Brydoa-Jnca
BIRO ft BRYOON-JACK
BARKiffTKiu-. aoucrrou. rrc.
Tel. 839. P.O. Bat, 989.
ft-4 H-att-ff* St. . . Vsmtmtrvmr, B.C.
WHEN*  IN   VANCOUVER. 8TOP At
THE   DOUGALL   HOU8E
ABBOTT   STREET.
trlrat Clan* Bar.        EaotMcut Room*.
CAFE   OPEN    DAY    AND    NIGHT.
Price* Moderns*.
WANTED—At the Ymir General
Hospital, a duly qualified Practitioner and one with a number of
years experience. For particulars
write to
W. B. McISAAC.
Secretary Ymir General Hospital.
P.O. Drawer 0O6, Ymir, B.C.
ATTENTION, COMRADE*,
PL-am. do not addret*. cotnmunlm-
'.i.jiih relating to party affair* to this
;.rii«t or ita editor. The addtvmrs at
[the Dominion and Provincial S**rr«*t»r-
p.-H will be found tn column f. i>sf •
Hy addreiwln-* all communication* to
them much confusion and unnecessary
work win be avoided.
C. PETERS /j***
«»« Sl-M M-||
lln-ut.M-..** Root* •nt' Mmm I* un,; „
•II -jt-rk*. Mpai>i-.| (-.wnp-r ..«!,.»l
If done.     Mock.   ..( itapfc   nttf-mM,
*»ln**r •»!-»,- , «
1411 **e*mthttm tin      Mtt.it fiui*
I Msms
Ot v.*. 1
^^^^^^^^^^^^ Co*"tmc.HT» tc.
********ti4l'>* ****<■'• **4 Si—if*** w.
«.«'<*]l*   **»**»JI*M.   .■•  '  •' '-*>   I—  *■ ■
intamlwo «•*«■•-••••■'>■ 1 *.«*■<_*■■», 1 •■*»•-**.
>-.m**lrMllf —M.9.U..I1.' mtiJCC* .*fji_a
*,>„. lnw. OblMt •*.•■■ 1 • S***tM**MS*>,
l**te-iu l**m ia.-...,* ate**. A i'« !«-*>,
j*i-r«*i•****. •"■*"». ...••-:*. atto
Scientific American
t ***** ********** -—•■■•    t.trman
•*ila_n*. of •-.» *J-4M.-10-* J- wm:_ "lr*a. li,
rear 1 '.*jjr «.'•■■ it>». I )• So**-j-_l sasumn
Five Clarion nib. card»-l3.75,j
*_—«—*—.• ■• ■ ■ 1   .
STEVENS
IN   OAttP   OR   FIELD   AT
MOUNTAIN OR SHOrlC
1*m* l« 1' -I..*-*.»•«
t*  •»!«.   M-t  1-.--MJ
Ttmmt -itu »o. «■.■ * ti qara m
A NUMU WiU  -. 1 ,w m *m
*m* ***Jmt '«' ***** -' ttt) .r.-l
lv Um: mm*. Rwis. swrc'-r.
ttFLC TiLESCOPES. ETC.
Aafc y**r t**al*r. -.•■ I i..«.,i »a 0*
SrrKVKTiH. Wl..'. *.,,( ...i.i l.r 1>
taller*, we *l.'p <li~*«!. up.; ft*
**td. ***m r**>*>l|-t »f » «*;<*« t"i*»-
*»*..-» »•••* m-ir.*"
• ■ *„•.•«!•*«»'>""I* fc**\ *"
^~      -"■-      a.iJ>J-r
»f***mi*>*m*-*t>"" -r    ''1*    _,
late «->*>.« I*. »«•»"■■
J. 8T_Vi;>*»  A Illll  t  1\»<*- li
P. O. Il>.« i'Ot
Pell*.
V.*. A.
RnRtneer. •ml other* who reaflM ihr ed-rUabU*
•>y »l h;.*-i-.|C tl.rir patent tmalaea* ira-!«*-.if*d  .
by _«t— r»a.   rrclimlmr-red-rlt-etree.  Charge* '
moderate.   Owr t-rrveetor'. AtfvtMV s*at inwfa
re"ne»t. St.rton A Slut inn. New York 1,1 f« tixlg,
Uoulrcal: aud Wa*-.!*ij*lun, U.C, L.*>.j_
-1. ' ii..—
©©••••••••••4»**»<r«»«€»-»0OO»<.CCC-'3
ft*e$a6«4MM»M««0e*Moeee&3
aaooa*
feaarsmtamm
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a PUH »*' ' (t v
that the Oenulne Union _*i»-i "• "''wVL|0ll .**
a retailer haa looae labels In his i-am „,„
offer* to put one In a hat tot you, do '' rWt*
him. Loose labela In retail store* are w« ■ (our
The genuine Union Label la perfor. 1 ■ t,oll„.
edgea. exaetly the aame a- a postage <• ^
terfelt* nre aome time* perfora e.i on y^-*
and some tlmee only on two. J»in> > •
of Philadelphia, la a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOnrffrr, Pre*l_««'«
MARTIN  LAWIiOR, ftocreury
New York
llninj.''
N. J-
' u«m« ram
CHEAP FUEL
COKE la an excellent fuel for gratea, hall  atoves, t»rn,c"
cooking stoves, making ■ clean, bright fire without rrnoke or
PRICE I'm PER TON.
Vancouver Gas Company. Ltd.

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