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The Western Clarion Jan 12, 1907

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SWISS        **V I a
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, January 12, 1907
•^ffi-ST" tl.ll
ttecerd ef Socialist Activity
II would li* manifestly unfair to give
a report of the record »t  tlie Socialist
iii.'Mils-ra ia the Provincial llouae wilh
out referring to J. H. Hawthornthwaite'*
sort previous to hi* joining tbe S.«i»l
iat party.   This ia especially the < •*•* la*
iau»» ininiediately sfter hi* election in
1900 he, to judge from h * public utter
aires, commenred a study of Scientific
gorialasra and soon sfter on the floor of
the House emphatically declared that in
So.'Ulistii alone lay the hope of the workers.
Hi* first session ».->« not an idle one
a* is proved by th* fact that be introduced  several  amendment* to the stat-
ttst. th* most important of which  wa*
a i amendment to the Coal Mine* Refti-
latioo Act providing thst miner* should
nut be allowed to work st the f*re un
I,■*  i*   possession   of  a  .eitifi.at.*     of
competency, sad further pro-riding thst
all petty ho***** should undergo an examination showing their film***  for   such
i'.*itiirn«,   The object of the art waa to
prerent  the employment    of    unskilled I
men, and  ao  help to lessen the list  of
frightful reel mining disasters thst had
mad*   British   tV.lii.nbia   notorious    tbe
world over.   It  was also ho|>ed  by    Ibe
introducer that Ihe rut would effectually
prevent the employment of Chine*** im-
aVrgrottad. betsuMP, owing to their lark
c. espert knowledge, three people   hare
|,r ,.ed a fruitful emir* of danger.   The
.' .ernmenl  of  the day  Olunainuir  gov
ernmeati)   after   s   sharp   struggle   uppn
the floor of the Hon*., adopted the mean
ure,  but  the  bill   haa  proved  m  failure
in-ofsr  a* Chinese  «-*< l.i*i..n   from   the
■,-«! tn in-** ia concerned, lor tbe simple
r*-..«.,« that no government  *in.«- it* ens'tion hs* had the courage or dc-oro t.>
.tiictly enforce its provision*.
The Lieutenant-t.overnor »t thi« Prov-
less, Jam** Hun*.tiniii, floul - the law in
tbi* matter in his extensile mini* at
i umbwrland, where hundr-nd* of «*hi-
rr.-«... Japan****, aad, latttrly, Hindu* an
Three year* sfter the |*».M*ge ol thi*
:>■ i Cent, William* drew attention to tl.e
(art that it was not bring i-ntiO'-.-d, in I
•eritat of question*. However entrenched
in an apparently impregnable position hy
hia great wealth (unpaid pr.-durt of hi*
two thousand slave*) snd Imrked up by
the lioimnion and Provisos! Liberal
Imi1i.-«, a* well a* l>. certain ronnerva-
live members of the llou*«, Dunsmuir. a*
yet laughs at the effort* of Socislist
rvpreseatativee to fon* him ba comply
with the law* of the Und. Hut. never
thele**, this tyrant, who ha* waded to
power through the sweat and blood of
hi* toilers, will apeedilf find, that de-
prived of state power, he will stand revealed aa ignorant, nucleus, parasite
awaiting with abject fear hi* approaching final downfall.
In the revenue act of the year I'lit.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite introduced and
•ni'-eeded ie carrying a palliative amend
nient dee I ins with exemption* to work-
»r* over titty years of age. His motion
to relieve all firemen "whether paid or
volunteer, and all retired firemen who
kave served fifteen years," from payment
<•: the poll tai was defeated. The l">iin»-
imiii government brought down an "Act
to authorise • loan of Five Million IM
Ists for the purpose >f aiding the construction of railway* and olher important public works."
The vote on this i* important in view
"f tbe stand taken by Oliver and other
Liberals and Conservative* on (he question of bonm-m.   Page I'M. Journal. 19*1.
Mclnne*. ailmore. Stable*. Oliver.
Neill, Brown, Martin, Mnnro. Kidd.
Oreen, Houston. Hall. Mrl'hillip*. Helm-ken, Turner, Dunsmuir, Kliert*. A. W.
Smith, Klliaon. Clifford. Tstlow. Hay-
ward. Garden. Fulton. Pi-entire. Wells,
McBride, Murphy. Rogers, Hunter. Taylor. Dickie, Mounee.   .13.
E. C. Smith, ltawthornthwairr, Ctir
Us.  J.
Hi* first smendment on April 21, 1802, to
allow engineers to operate plant* of less
horsepower than their certificates called
for, was through cram stupidity, defeated by a vote of 15 to IS. The vote stood
a* follow*.   I'age 71, Journals, ll*'.'.
Mclnne*. Gifford,    McBride.    E.    C.
Smith, Hawthornthwaite, Neill,   Green.
< urti*. Murphy, M. I'l.illip*. Taylor, He)
u.rken. Kidd.   13.
Oilniore, Oliver, Dunsmuir, Stable*.
jttsrrt*. A. W. Smith, Ellison. Clifford,
Prior, Well*. Hall, Roger*. Hunter,
Dickie. Mouse*.   15.
In INI Mr. Hawthornthwaite took a
mors vigorous hold of the situation and
introduced many important measures
'or tbe benefit of labor in thi* province.
The following amendment to the Provincial Election* Act, which wa* carried, being worthy of notes "8. Foiling
day in any Riding shall be a public holiday, and every registered elector of the
riding who is within the Riding on that
day, and who is a workmen or employee
'or hire, shall be allowed by his employer to be free from hi* employment on
that day for at least four ennscctillve
hours between the opening and cloning
of the poll, and every employer who offends against the provision without rea-
"nnable justification shall lie liable to a
penalty of not more than $100. to lie n>-
povered under the "Summary Convie.
Hon* Act and Amendments." The same
wssion Mr. Hawthornthwaite took up
tho fight for the engineers of the prov-
•we and continued it down to the pres-
*nt year and has succeeded by iiersistenfc
effort in carrying through the    House
He next introduced a resolution dealing with the Settlers' Right* in the E.
A N. Railway Belt, Vancouver Island,
which resolution carried. The facts in
thia caae are briefly as follow*: Some
two hundred settlers went upon thi*
load previous to 1H93 and located upon
it is accordance with section II., "Term*
of Union between British Columbia and
J'ana-da." They believed they were legally entitled tu a crown grant for 160
acres of land in fee simple, i. .-., a grant
including coal, timber and base mineral*. I'pon the the Dun- r.-.nr*. obtaining
pinweKsiae of the belt these men were denied their rights snd some were evicted,
after year* of residence and work. The
!*. A N. Kailway Belt ba* now passed
over to the C. F. It Co., with the exception of the coal and iron, which sre still
rerwrved by Jstnes Dunsmuir. Mr. Hawthornthwaite ha* persistently followed
up hi* fight in behalf of theae poor
<-ettler* and finally in 19*4 succeeded in
getting a Bill through Riving them
their rlniin*.
Dunsmuir i* now fighting in the courts
'.nd the matter will Is. decided by the
I'rivy Council in May next. The Settler* ra-*m> being aswrts-d and defended
ni the expense of the province.
The "Workmen'* Compensation Act"
nus introduced and carried through the
ll.i.i-.- in that aeKMon. al*o, after a memorable fight.
Ureal IWtility woe evinced toward* it,
i.taniifa. turers declaring that it* passage meant the destruction of industries
to British Columbia.
Tbi» of roiir*e has not proved to lie
tin* case and many an u fortunate ho*
root-on to be thankful for its enartment.
Mr. Sherman, of the U. M. W.of A..
Feral*, ha* publicly stated thst the
I'row's Nest Fan* Coal Co. alone paid
to dependents of workingmen killed, and
to tho*a» injured in one year, over $30,-
000 by way of compensation. It also had
the effect, so he «tated. of reducing the
percentage nf accident* frtjm  I in 41 to
1 in 120 or thereabout*.
The following amendment to the
"Trade I'nion* Act" was also introduced
in 1902 by Mr. Hawthornthwaite. which
SO far *» British Columbia is concerned
set* aside th* celebrated Taff Valo derision.
(A). "No trade union n<-r any combination of workmen or employee* in
British Columbia, nor thp trustees of
any such union or combination in their
representative capacity sho'l lie liable
in damages for any wrongful act of commission or omission in connection with
any strike, lock-out, or trade or labor
dispute unless the members of *uch
union ur combination or it* council,
committee or other governing body acting within the authority or jurisdiction
given »tich council, committee or other
governing body b.v the rule*, regulation*
or direction* of such union or combination, or the resolution* or direction* of
it* member* resident in the locality or a
majority thereof, shall havo authorised,
or shall have been a concurring party in,
such wrongful act."
In connection with the subsidy acts
for railroad construction, he introduced
the following amendment with a view to
hampering the employment of coolie
labor. •>
"But during construction such rate of
wage* shall not be less than two dollars
•>er day for tho lowest grade of unskilled
This wa* defeated in the following
vote.   Page 160, Journals, 1902.
E. C Smith, Oliver, Garden, Fulton,
Curtis, Tatlow, Oreen, McBride. Murphy, MoPhilllM, Taylor. Kidd, Hawthornthwaite.   13.
Mcinnes, Stables, nayword. Mtirtin.
Hi'lmcken, Frentire. Eberts, A. W.Siiiith.
Ellison, Clifford, Houston. Wells. Frior,
Hall, lingers, Hunter. Dickie.   17.
In IMS Mr. Hawthornthwaite introduced an important act dealing with
the Trade* Union movement in B. C.
Section 5 reads: Tlmt an employer of
labor who discriminates against anyone
for joining or being a in mber of any
trade union should lie liable to a penal-
(v not .-•m-eding one thousand dollars.
This was defeated on the following vote:
For —
Hawthornthwaite. Neill, Curtis. Houston.   4.
nihimr^9tal^-jB- ?■ *«_*• oliIer'
mrfasvl Havwsr*. Garden. Mtinro, Tat-
SI! arem^mkhte. Semlin.   Taylor,
Helmcken, Frentice. Frior, EberU, Mclnne*, Dunsmuir, Rogers, Dickie, A. W.
Smith, Mounee,, Ellison, Clifford, Kidd,
Fa tenon. Well*.   29.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite introduced several valuable amendments to the Coal
Mine* Regulation Act in this year and
alerted hi* fight for thc eight hour day
from "bank to bank," also f-r a biweekly pay. < iaiiN- 3 of hia bill dealt
with the weight of coal, and 5 with r*-
*pon*iliility of the company in constantly
keeping a supply of timber in the "working plac.-.."
Thi* bill was strangled by th<* government resorting to "adjournment tactics."
The following i* a vote, taken from
April Hid,. 1903. Journal*:
Hon. Mr. Mclnne* moved for adjournment of tht debate which was carried
on the following division:
Oilmore, Stables. E. C. Smith. Neill,
Hay ward. Martin, Helmcken, Prentice,
Eberts, A. W. Smith, Frior, Houston,
Clifford. Well*. Mcinnes, Dunsmuir,
Hall,  Rt-gen,  Dickie,  Mounee.   SO.
Oliver, Hawtliornhtwsite. Gifford, Garden. Fulton, Munro, Green McBride,
Semlin. MrPhillips, Taylor, Kidd, Patterson.   13.
In  1903-4 the Socialist   party   gained
footing  in  the  local    legislature.    The
following excerpts from the report of the
party convention at Vancouver will show
the work done by the comrades during
the first session of the House:
(B). Com. Williams introduced into
tbe House an amendment to the Elections' Act reducin-r the deposit required
from candidate* from $200 to $50. This
was met by a counter proposal from Mr.
McNiven, the "Liberal-l4»bor" representative of the Trade* Unionists of Victoria, to the effect that the $260 deposit ahould not be remitted unless a
candidate could secure a petition signed
by at least fifteen per cent, of the voters
on tbe list.
This amendment was palpably only
introduced to give the srxalled Liberal
psrty an excuse to vote down Com. William*' amendment. It could lie of no
possible use to a genuine labor party, a*
workingmen dare not, for fear of losing
their work, sign any such petition, white
on the other hand, it could be used to
great advantage by bullying employe™
to secure a cheap nomination for their
miserable decoys.
The following is the vote on^Coni.
Williams' amendment. It should* prove
insructive to workingmen throughout
the country.
For: William*. Hawthornthwaite, Davidson, McBride. Wilson, Ross, Hall,
Well*, Oliver. Young, Gifford, Fraser—
Continued on Page Pour
Socialist Parly of Canada
We. the Socialist I'arty of Canada, in convention assembled, affirm
our allegiance to und support of the principles and program of the
revolutionary working class.
l~iW produce* all wealth, and to the producer*, it should belong.
The present economic s.vatvu. i» baaed upon capitalist ownership of
the means of production, consequently all the products of labor belling to the capitalist class. The capitalist ie therefore master, the
worker a  slave.
S*. long as the capitalist class rejmain* in possession of the rein*
of government all the power* of the state will be used to protect and
defend their property rights in the means of wealth production and
their control of the product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the capitalist an ever-swelling
stream of profits, and to the worker an ever-increasing measure of
misery   and  degradation.
Tlie interest of the working class lies in the direction of setting
itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
s.stem. under which i* cloaked the robbery of the working-class at
the point of production. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in the mean* of wealth pi-eduction
inlo coll.* tive or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interest between the capitalist and
ihe worker is rapidly culminating in s struggle for possession of the
power of government—the capitalist to hold, the worker to secure it
by political action.   Thi* is the class struggle.
Therefore, we coll upon all worker* to organise under the banner
of the Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the
public powers for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the
economic program of the working class, a* follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly as possible, of capitalist property in the mean* of wealth production (natural resources, factories,
mills, railroads, etc.) into the collective property of the working-
class. ,
i. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
S. The establishment, as speedily a* possible, of production for use
instead of production for profit
The Socialist Party, when in office, shall always and everywhere
until the present system is abolished, make the answer to this question its gniding rule of conduct: Will this legislation advance the
interest* of the working class and aid the worker* in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will the Socialist Party is for it;
if it  will  not, the  Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the Socialist Party pledge*
itself to conduct all public affair* placed in its hands in such a
manner  a*  to  promote  the interest* of the  working class  alone.
Progress of the Party
As, according to thc biogenetic theory,
tho evolution of any given species of
animal is epitomised in the prenatal
stages of development of ite progeny, so
the growth of the Socialist inovement in
any part of the world is a sketch in
miniature of- the development of the
inovement the world over from its very
First, we have a sentimental human-
itariaiiism. baaed on "Eternal Truth and
•lust'ce" and the inalienable "Rights of
Mun." an outgrowth of a tenderhearted realisation of the fact that—
"Man** inhumanity to man
Muke* oouiitlesH thousands mourn."
Arising from such a basis, it cannot
but be ideological in its tendencies.
Looking around him upon the misery
and degradation of tho workers and upon
the bloated opulence and arrogance of
tho indolent, our humanitarian it forced
11 the conclusion that things are not as
thoy should be. That there is reason to
doubt the soundness of the dictum of
Maitro Panglons that "this is the best
of all possible worlds." Forthwith he
oasis about him for a remedy. The lot
of Us* warAeitt ie-A****, ****** it raiust be
a I lariated, te tkk etnt he, tw*»*iing as
he is ol tn ItarttlaaWv* or *f a Hectical
turn of mind, proceed* either to build
up in hi* imagination wondrous Utopia*
and sallies forth pen in hand to convince the world and his wife that so
and so should they conduct their affairs.
Or et-e formulates reforms and palliative* withcut number a* things that the
"masse*" need. And this without ever
so much as consulting the said masses
or even seeking to ascertain in what degree they conform to their desires. Relying upon the innate altruism of the
human ra.e and upon the manifest justice and unimpeachable rationality of
his theorems, our humanitarian is in no
little measure disconcerted to meet with
not only opposition of the bitterest from
the classes but apathetic indifference
from  the masses themselves.
But adversity has it* uses, and out of
this disappointment is engendered that
spirit of enquiry that leads in due time
to a realization of the fact that thore
is somehow an irreconcilable conflict of
interest between the classes and tlie
masses, and that, before the support of
the masses run Ih< enlisted for it a proposition must bold out to them some
reasonable hoi*' of emancipation from
tlieir galling bondage and must offer to
Continue.! on Page Two
Pointers to Wage-Slaves
Once moro you sre called upon to
exercise your political rights in the
election of a Provincial Parliament.
The opportunity i* again afforded yon
of expressini; your approval of industrial
condition* as they are, or of pushing
forward your demands for such change*
in tbe administration of industry as will
tend to con-erve your interests as workingmen by rendering more certain your
hold upon the means of employment and
securing more comfortable condition* of
living for yourselves and those dependent upon you.
That you may make no mistake in
expressing your will upon election day
it is nece*i*.i*y that you firmly fix in
your mind a few facts that spring from
the fundamental basis upon which present civilisation has reared its social
and industrial superstructure.
That basis is the preeent form of prop-
err*- in the means of wealth production, under which such property functions solely as a means whereby those
in possession of it are enabled to command the services of the workers and
take possession of tbe entire product of
their labor.
A few of the facts that stand out in
such bold relief as to render it almost
impossible that they should escape your
notice, are as follows.
The working class, the class to which
you belong, produces all wealth that expresses itself in exchange values.
Food, clothing, shelter and the multitude of other things necessary to the
comfort and well-being of human kind
are the products of Labor, and of Labor
Outside of the resources of the earth,
which have been stored up by Dame Nature herself, no otber factor enters into
this production other than the mental
and physical energy of the workers themselves.
As the working class thug fashion* the
resource* of the earth into usable form
for the satisfaction of human needs, it
constitutes the only useful portion of
human  society.
Mean* of production (natural resources and machinery of industry) used
for tbe purpose of enabling owner* to
command the services of non-owners end
obtain possession of th e wealth they
create, are termed capital.
Capital, then, merely expresses the
function of the particular form of property in the means of production out of
which the relationship of employer and
employee arises.
Under such form of property the owner* are masters, the workers are slaves.
The power to command the services of
laborers and appropriate the products
of their labor is all there ever was, is,
or can be to human slavery. Laborers
create wealth, capitalists take it.
This exploitation or robbery of Labor
is at one and the same time the source
of all capital and the breath of life in
its nostrils.
Under the rule of capital tbe working-
man's power to labor iB a thing, for sale
in  the market.
He must sell it in order to perpetuate
hi* existence.
As a th'ng. a commodity, for sale in
the market its price is to a large extent
determined by the number of workers
a* compared to the number of available
Under no circumstances can tbe worker expect to find employment unless a
profit ran accrue to the capitalist
through his employment.
Under no circumstances ran the worker retain employment, and thus secure
sustenance for himself and thos* de
pendent upon him except by permission
of some employer or employing concern.
The present masters of industry maintain their command of Labor and possession of its products solely through the
instrumentality  of the State.
By controlling its machinery they
protect and defend their property rightt
in the means of production and hold
the workera in subjection to their exploitation.
Their control of the powers of the
State can only be held by permission ot
the workers. *
Upon each recurring election day the
workers are asked to extend such permission for another period.
They are asked to give consent to a
cont'ntiation of their own exploitation.
They give their consent by electing to
office men who are selected by capitalist
interests to protect aud defend the
right of Capital to *uck profit from the
quivering flesh of Labor.
With all of their voluminous vocabulary of high-sounding phrases to the contrary notwithstanding, the political representatives of capital stand for the
maintenance of that right.
Upon that basis all capitalist institutions rest.
You workingmen of British Columbia
are to be again asked to give assent to
your own robbery.
On February 8 you will be requested
by the interests that live and thrive
upon your exploitation to elect the men
selected by those interest* to go to Victoria and for another period rivet the
chains of slavery upon your limbs.
The suppoit of the political inUrtsts
of capital means nothing short et this
to you.
Labor can never obtain for itself say
greater security in its means of living
until it ceases the folly of giving political
allegiance to the master class.
Capitalists are few, workers are many.
By withdrawing their political isp-
port from the master class aad atsttg
X in their own behalf the workers eaa
bring to an end the brutal exploitation
that ha* been practiced upon them for
centuries, by striking down the economic
dominion of capital and aecuriag to
themselves the products of their etnt
W th no me* of yonr owe in the lsfis*
!at ive chambers' you are bound head aad
foot by your capitalist masters, aad
forced to . ubmit to the r*«ereiWss •*>
oloitstion piwcticed upon yo* u*4*r th*
wage system.
With • strong contingent of year own
men in the legislature you hav* a tats-
ziiard against ths more brutal *xa<rtie*as
of vour capitalist mooters.
With the control ef goverruratttt which
must come tb the working clas* ones it*
!>embers are aw*Aened to the interest*
of labor and us* their political power
to make thoae interests good, will eaase
the cad of capitalist rule ami Leber'*
lt is the mission of Leber te effect
its own deUversace from bos>d**i* ta
An excellent start -has already htm*
made in British Columbia.
In the last three ***ssioas pf the Provincial House, three men, Hawtherra-
thwaite. Williams and Davids**, hav*
stood like a stoa* wall in defsaw* of th*
interests of Labor as against the** ef
If you workers of B. C. de your duty
to yourselves sad yonr class th* result
of the pending election will bs to appreciably augment tbe fore* that haa
been so valiantly upholding your interests aga'nst the encroachments of th*
masters who rule over you.
A few facts have been stated.
Tbey are easy to grasp.
The case is plain.
It is now up to you.
Will yon be men thirsting for fr***
dom,  or  slaves hugging  year    chains.
Sandon, B. C, Jan. «. Itw7.
Editor  Western Clarion:
Dear Sir,—Tou will be glad to hear
that we have finally crossed th* Rubicon. Yesterday at a convention head ia
New Denver. B. C, the working raen
of this riding nominated Mr. Wat.
Davidson as a straight Socialist to
contest this riding ia the forth*
coming provincial elections. I ax* instructed to request you to publish the
following  resolution.
Yours sincerely,
Resolved, that this convention of delegates   representing  the   warrkingmen   of
the Slocan riding of the West sTot»ii*j
electoral district, do hate adopt th* platform  and principles  of    the Socialist
Party of Canada, aad pledge the candidate nominated by thi* conveatien, ia
tha event of his election, to saayort that
platform sad party.
If financially you belong to th* warning clsss, snd
Socially you belong to th* working
class, sad
Industrially you belong to the working
class, snd
Historically you belong to th* workiag
class, and
la habits you belong to the werhi-aff
clans, and
In opportunities you belong te th*
working class, and
Practically you belong to the workiag
class, snd
In destiny you belong to ths wergfaff
LOGICALLY you—at least you-4w]oaf
organically to the working elass political
We must think like men aad b* free
or we must surrender like slaves aad
(union or no un'on, strike or no strike)
be forever starved into submitting to
Toil, toil, toil. toil, toil—for cheap
"lathes,. cheap food, cheep shelter aad
"heap furniture, and be forever socially
snubbed, scorned and damned for our
lark of leisure, culture and cash.—Mental Dynamite.
Do you think that a large increase ia
the population of B. C. w II he good for
vou as a worker? If so. why don't you
go back East where there it al*r**d** a
large population?
m I
Iho ran Cbncn
Published irtry Satarday in the
interests of the working claaa alone
•t the Office of the WtMtern Clarion,
Flack Block braternent, 165 Hastings
8tr*et, Vancouver B. C
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Watch thia label on yonr paper. If thia number ia on it,
your atibacriptioa eapire* the
next iasue.
Saturday, January 12, 1007.
The Western Clarion it practical'}'
given over this week to the provincial
executive committee of the Socialist
Party in British Columbia for the pur
pose of giving as wide a circulation as
possible to matter that >s of particular
concern during the present campaign.
Much of the contents of thi; number it-
devoted to the history of the party in
thit province, and the career of its
elected representatives in the legislature
at Victoria.
Though space will not admit of going
as fully into details as should be done,
still the information given relating to
doings in the provincial house during
the last few sessions should prove invaluable to the earnest and well meaning workingman who desires to avoid
losing his head during the present campaign, in spite of the tirades of abuse
and falsification that will be spewed
forth by the political tools of the class
that lives and thrives by sucking the
blocd of Ijabor.
Let every workingman into whose
hand* a copy of this issue may fall carefully digest its content*. Let him take
particular note of the attitude taken by
lha Socialist representatives in the
house, and the line of action they have
followed in dealing with matters having
a bearing upon the interests of the
working class. If he doe* so he will be
rendered impervious to the blandishments of capitalist politicians and boost
8oeialitm may be briefly defined as the
enunciation of the logical conclusion*
drawn from a study of human society,
ito origin aad development, ito function
and the laws that govern and direct it.
It is a subject so vast that within the
limits of so brief an article more than
a mere sketch is manifestly impossible
To those w'shing to further investigate the subject, literature on any and
every phase of the question is procurable through the party.
Her* nothing more will be attempted
than to outline th* main points and
point th* conclusion* to be drawn there
Th* greatest  motive force of life is
the desire to live.   Under It* compelling
influence all living forms are moulded
All that lives must conform to th* meant
whereby it gains ito living, or perish
To this law man himself must bow.
Th* great chsracterittto that differentiates man from other animals is his
faculty of using tools, in th* ri»»orou*
language of Carljle, "Man it a tool
using animal. Weak in himself, and
ef small stature, he stands on a bards,
at most, for the flattest soled, of tome
half square foot, insecurely enough; hs*
to straddle out hit legs, lest the very wind
t lpplant him. Feeblest of bipeds! Three
quintals are a crushing load for him;
th* steer of the meadow tosses him aloft,
liks a waste rag. Nevertheless he can
use Tools, can devise Tools; with thete
the granite mountain melts into light
dust before him; he kneads glowing iron,
as if it were toft paste; seas are hi*
smooth highway, winds and fire his un
wearying steeds. Nowhere do you find
him without Tools; without Tools he
it nothing, with Tools he Is all."
By means of tools he has emancipated
himself from brutedom; and by tools
ha* hie destiny since been ruled. Until
today he is become largely the slave of
the Tool, a mere accessory to a mach'ne.
From the rude clnb and lever of the
primitive savage, tools have evolved to
the present gigantic machinery of production. And parallel with, and compelled by, their development ha* been
the development of the human "-race.
Of the primitive savage, nnd the later
barbarian, little need be said. ■ With
them organised society was but little developed or not at all. In horde, clan
or tribe, they lived largely by the chase
and, upon such product* ae nature supplied at first hand, until compelled by
the preoariousness of tuch an existence
to domesticate animals and cultivate to
some extent the soil in order to obtain
a measure of security in the means of
life. They developed their tools to meet
their new requirements and a* their
want* increased this compelled still
further development of them. With
this their intellectual and moral progress wa* forced to keep pec*.
At bagth maa's oevtloptnattt tetntaa
a stag* where he could produce more
than wa* necessary to supply his own
wants, and the world was now prepared
for ths advent of slavery. Previously it
had been necessary to kill any prisoner*
taken in battle, often even to cat them
To koep them alive would necessitate
feeding them. But now when a man
could by hi* labor produce more than
li,- consumed, it became profitable to
enslave him. To compel him to toil
that hit master might reap the benefit.
The advent of slavery is undoubtedly
the most momentous occurrence in history. For upon slavery have all kingdoms, empii ' and civilisations been
founded. Ilei a. the first time was
the class line drawn, and drawn juat
where it stands today, the line between
master and slave, between exploiter and
exploited. The chattel slaves, owned by
tlieir masters, toiled in those masters'
fields and tended their herds, producing
wealth in a quantity more or less great
according to the industrial development
of the times. Wealth that belonged, of
course, not to thoae whose toil produced
it, bnt to those who owned the toilers,
tlie tool* and the resource* of nature.
Of thi* wealth the slave* received euffi-
< i.-nt to maintain them in working condition and to reproduce another generation of slave* to take their places. The
rest went to the master* to maintain
them in waBteful luxury and barbaric
splendor. Naturally, a* the number of
slaves increased, surplus wealth increased, and at the same time, the
stronger crushing out the weaker, the
master class proportionately decreased.
Wealth concentrated into fewer and
fewer hnnd*. On the one hand luxury
and indolence sapped the virility of the
master. On the other poverty and degradation crushed out the last spark of
manhood in the slave. And so civilisation after civilisation perished. For no
civilization founded on any form of
slavery ran endure.
Today the term slave is an epithet and
is generally used to denote the chattel
slave alone. This is incorrect. The fact
of the matter is that whoso it forced to
work for a master and to surrender to
him the product of his toil it a slave.
This i* the condition of the wage worker
of today, and a slave he is just as much
is any thrall or bondman that ever wore
■ollar of brass. Indeed in one respect
'iis lot is infinitely worse than that of
'lie chattel slave.
Just as today the owner of a horse
nust exercise some care in keeping hi*
'least in good condition, must display a
ertain solicitude for hi* health, so the
'wner of the chattel-slave wa* compelled
o accord to him such treatment a*
•lould keep him in good working con-
Ution so at to get out of him at much
vork as possible, and, in sickness, tc
■roeure him such medical attention as
was available lest the slave die and he
be put to tome considerable loss and expenditure of money to replace him. Not
so under the present system of slavery.
Should a wage-worker become inefficient
through sickness or age, or should he
'all a victim to one of the numberless
industrial accidents or suffer a natural
death, it is a matter of little concern
to hit master who can easily find in the
labor market another willing slave   to'
ia terns countries gradually, ia others
suddenly and with great bloodshed, so-
cording to th* induetris! development of
the country and the resisting capacity of
it* rulers.
Freed from the trammel* of feudalism,
industry now reared her head and began to assert her power. With increased
markets, with increased facilities for
transportation, came improved method*,
and improved machinery.
Now dawned the a„-.> of the Oiant
Tool, the great wonder-worker of today,
overshadowing the earth; man, beside it,
dwarfed into pigmy insignificance, dominated by it, organised by it. Whereas
of old the peasant exchanged the product of his toil with the artisan, the potter with the weaver, each finishing practically his product, each a specialist in
his own l'ne, today no industrial worker can nay, "Thi* I made." Each product passes through many hands, often
many lands. Silks grown in China,
woven in Massachusetts, sewed into a
gown in Paris, worn in a Persian harem.
The world's workers toiling collectively
to dress a Sultan's favorite. Specialist*,
indeed; but a* ratchets and pawls are
s|ieciali«te, each doing a fractional task.
The skilled mechanic giving way to the
machine-tender, the man to the woman,
tho woman to the child.
And parallel with thi* change in the
process of production has been the
r'hange in the ownership of the tools.
From individual labor to collective labor, from ownership by the individual*
of a class to ownership by the class collectively ; from matter to firm, from firm
to company, to corporation, to the giant
trust nf today. So that now no one
owner can say this machine is mine, but
only that he with others own* it.
And now again history repeats itself.
As the slave owner and the feudal lord
outlived their usefulness and were cast
aside, *o the bourgeoisie, the capitalist
class, have fulfilled their historic mission, have ceased to be longer a useful
factor in society, are become indeed a
huge incumbrance and their doom it
sealed. The Handwriting it already on
the Wall. The master of the factory at
least d:reeled the industry. The shareholder know* only of the industry that
it pays so much per cent, per annum.
The way is now cleared for a new
order—more  efficient,  more  economical.
At each older system nurtured on itt
breast the progeny that ^ as to tlay it,
ho has capital'sm done also. It hat so-
cial'ted production and to organised the
workers to toil collectively, to think
collectively, presently to act collectively.
Forced by stern necessity they mutt own
collect'vely that which they use collectively.
A* soon as a society fails to provide
for the want* of the race that society i«
ripe for overthrow. The workers are
beginning to see that they pr.duce
wealth more than sufficient to supply the
reasonable wants of all mankind and yet
their portion is indeed a meagre one.
Whereas of old famines had occurred
because there was a scarcity, today fom-
•nes occur because there is a superfluity. Truly a strange contradiction-
Well may the worker ask himself why
thia is. The reason is not far to seek,
nor difficult to under tand.
The  wage-slave of today  receives «**-
Continued from Page One
take his place. jactlv   what  the  chattel-slave  and  serf
'Britons never, never shall be slaves,"  reived, the cost of hit keep.    At we
hove seen slavery could only exist where
the song boastfully says; but the truth
is that, ever since slavery first became
practicable, Briton* never, never haye
been free. Nor has the real abolition
of slavery ever been possible until now.
Aristotle, probably the most encyclopaedic mind of any age, has said truly
enough tbat slavery was necessary until
such time st man should harness to hit
service the forces of Nature. That thit
time is now at hand and how it haa come
about we shall presently see.
Under the system ot chattel-slavery
condition* had been gradually changing.
The resources of the earth, as known
to the ancients, were at length brought
to the highest pitch of development possible under that industrial system. And
to-such an extent hsd countries become
settled and populated that it became no
longer necessary to keep watch and
ward over the slave class as escape was
now virtually impossible. Thus the way
was clear for a new and more efficient
and economical system of production.
And so serfdom came into existence.
Under it the slave no longer belonged
directly to a master, bnt wa* attached
to the land; was, in fact, part of the
estate. A* the estate pasted from hand
to hand the serf went with it. To the
serf was apportioned a parcel of land
just sufficient to provide his necessities
Part of hi* time he could work on thi*
to produce for himself and his family the
necessaries of life. Part of hi* time he
must work upon tbe binds of his feudal
lord ia order to maintain him aad his
retainers. Virtually th* terf was in the
tam* position a* th* chattel-slave. Upon
the product of his unpaid toll the
chivalry of th* middle age* bourgeoned
and bloomed. Knights, king* and conqueror* attained to fame and glory ia
wars and crusades. The humble serf
paid  the bills.
As under the system of chattel slavery
the way had been prepared for serfdom;
so within feudal iKielety were being laid
the foundations of a system that woald
presently replace it. Feudal chivalry-
having reached full bloom, began to decay ; luxury and idleness sapped the virility of the nobles. Meanwhile the, to
them, despised bourgeotie (literally,
townsmen) wero gaining wealth and
power. The discovery of new countries,
continents and trade routes gave an impetus to trade and commerce that filled
the coffers of the merchants, and at the
same time compelled th* further development of the industries of th* dey to
meet the demands of the new found markei*. With this development the ruling
class of the time, the feudal lords wero
by no meant in sympathy. Trad* and
commerce they despised. And in the
progre** and prosperity of the bourgeotie they txented danger to their own
rule. Their interests were to conterve
that system of which they were th*
beneficiaries. To this end they bent all
their energies, and sought to clog the
wheel* of progre** by meant of legitla-
tion that would arrest the development
of industry. Against this the rwurgeosie
the embryo capitalist clsss rebelled. With
what not they rallied the worker*ita'iheir
cause and overthrew at length the
feudal system. Thi* wa* the Revolution,
this wresting of the reins of government
from the hands of the beneficiaries of
ime industrial system by the representative* of another.  This w«* accomplish*!
the slave produced more than the cost
of bis keep. 80 it is with the wage-
slave: unless the value of hi* product
i* greater than the wage he receives he
cannot be employed. But with the
modern machinery of wealth production
he can produce such a huge volume of
wealth that it becomes a gigantic problem to get rd of it, for with the pittance, he rece'ves it is manifestly impossible that he can buy it back. All
the producer can consume ts the equivalent of the wage he -receives. The difference between what he produces and what
he consume* it surplus wealth, "surplut
value." With the further improvement
of machinery and the closer concentration of industry, the volume of this surplus increases and the number of workers required decreases. The value of
th«s wealth can only be real ted by ito
disposal to a consumer. Toward* this
end every effort of the capitalitt class
it bent.
But in spite of all their efforts the
surplus continue* to accumulate till at
last the granaries and warehouses sre
full to bursting. The wheels of production are clogged by an overflow of
product*, and must stop till such time
as the surplus is got rid of. Factory
after factory mast shut down. Thousands are thrown out of employment.
Hunger stalks through the land and
•laim* its victim* by the thousand.
Periodically this occurs, each sac-
reding occurrence 1 ringing greater
misery to the workers, each recovery being more difficult. At leaat no mere
-.venue* for the escape of the turplu*
reim-iti. The crisis becomes chronic instead of intermittent Recovery is impossible. The system must perish. Th*
work'ng clans roused from their lethargy by the rode hand of necessity must
awake to a realization of their mission,
and, wresting the powers of state from
the hands of an incapable rnling elate,
take posses Son of the machinery of production and thus be masters of their
own product, free men at last. Surrendering to no man the fruits of their
labor, truckling to none for permission
to live.
The condition laid down by Arittotle
it fulfilled. The forces of Nature are
harnessed. Slavery, no longer necessary, will toon be impossible. Then at
last shall man triumph over the Tool,
and so over hit own destiny. Then indeed will the *ea* be "his smooth highway, winds and fire his unwearying
Both Liberals and Conservatives ar*
pledged to defend the present system of
property in the means of wealth production, with its profits for matters and
wages for slave*. Put the question to
the speakers of either gang and watch
them squirm. However verbose they
may be in trying to explain it away they
dare not deny it.
Tbs working man practically own*
nothing but hi* labor*pow*r, and this he
ii forced to tell in order to obtain hia
sustenance. When he cannot tell it he
can pawn hi* »hirt if he ha* been previously lucky enough to accumulate
them something wore than a charitable
And by these deviotii ways we at
length arrive, after much bickering by
the wayt'de and an expenditure of
word*, which, were the.v costly would be
ruinous, at a clear understanding of the
structure of the social organism, and of
it* logical development ami ultimate outcome.
That the above is a correct outline of
the growth of the movement in general,
a brief exam1 nation of its history will
A better review of the earlier stages
of its development is hard to find than
the following passage* from Frederick
"A coiiiniuni*m, ascetic, denouncing all
the pleasures of life. Spartan, wa* the
first form of the new teaching. Then
(true the three great Utopian*: Saint
Simon, to whom tho middle-class inovement, s'de by side with the proletarian,
still had a certain significance; Fourier;
and Owen, who in the country where
capitalist production wo* most developed,
and under the influence of tbe antagonisms begotten of thi*, worked out hi*
proposal* for the removal of class distinction systematically and in direct relation to French materialism.
"One thing •* common to all three.
Not one of them appears a* a repreeea-
tat;ve of the interests of that proletariat,
which historical development had, in the
meantime, produced. like the French
philosophers, they do not claim to
emancipate a particular class to begin
with, but al! humanity at on.e. Like
them, the.v wish to bring in the kingdom
of reason and eternal justice, but this
kingdom, a* they see it. i» a* far as
heaven from earth, from that of the
French philosopher*.
"For, to onr three social reformers,
the bourgeois world, based upon the
principles of these philosopher*, i* quite
a* irrational and unjust, and, therefore,
find it* way to the dust-hole quite a*
readily as feudalism and all tbe earlier
stage* of society. If pure reason snd
justice have not, hitherto, ruled the
world, this has been the rase only because men have not rightly understood
them. What was wanted was tbe in*
dividual man of genius, who hs* now
arisen and who understand* the truth.
That he bos now arisen, that the truth
has now been clearly understood, is not
sn inevitable event, following of necessity in the chain of historical development, but a mere happy accident. He
might jmvt a* well have been born 500
years earlier, snd might then have
spared humanity ttt years of error,
strife,  and suffering."
* «   a
"The Utopian*' mode of thought ha*
for a long time governed the Socialist
idea* of the nineteenth century, and still
governs some of them. Until very recently all French and English Socialist*
did homage to it. The earlier flerman
Communism, including that »f Weitling.
wa* of the same srhool. To all these
Socialism is the expression of absolute
truth, reason, and justice, and has only
to lie discovered to conquer all the world
by virtue of it* own puwer. And s*
absolute truth is independent of time,
space, and of the historical development
of man, it i* a mere accident when and
where it is discovered. With all this,
absolute truth, reason, and ju»tie* are
different with the founder of eech different school. And a* each one's special
kind of absolute truth, resson. and justice is aga:n conditioned by hi* subjective understanding, hi* condition* of
existence, the measure of his knowledge
and hi* intellectual training, there is no
other ending possible in this conflict of
ebsolnte truth* than that tbey shall be
mutually exclusive one of th* other.
Hence, from this nothing could come
but a kind of eclectic, average Socialism, which, a* a matter of fart, has up
to the present time dominated the minds
of most of the Socialist workers in
France and England. Hence, a mishmash allowing of the most manifold
shades of opinion; a mish-mnsh of such
critical statements, eennom'c theories,
picture* of future society by the founders of different sects, a* excite a minimum of opposition; a mish-mssh which
ii the more ensile brewed the more the
definite sharp edges of the individual
constituent* are rubbed down in the
stream of debate, like rounded pebble*
in a brook.
"To make a science of Soc-'alism, It
had first to be placed upon a real Wis,"
* *   e
"The Socialism of earlier days eer
tainly criticised the existing capitalistic
mode of production and it* con*equences.
But it could not explain them, and,
therefor*, could not get the mastery of
them. It could only simply reject them
a* bad. The more strongly thi* earlier
Socialism denounced tbe exploitation of
the work inn-class, inevitable under
Capitalism, the le** able wa* it clearly
to show in what this exploitation consisted and how it arose. But for thi*
it wa* nec**sary~-(l) to present the
cap'tal ist ic method of production in il*
historical connection and it* inevitable-
ness during a particular historical
period, and therefore, alto, to present it*
inevitable downfall; and .2) to lay bare
itt essential character, which was still
a secret. Thi* was done by the discovery of surplus-value. It wa* shown
that the appropriation of unpaid labor
it the basis of the capitalist mode of
production and of the exploitation of
tbe worker that occurs under it; that
even if the capitalist buys the labor-
power of his laborer at Us full value as
a commodity on tlie market, he yet ox-
tracts more value from it than he paid
for; and that in the ultimate analysis
this surplus-value forms those turat of
value from which are heaped up the
constantly increasing nt*"**** of capital
in the handi of the potMetslng classes,
The genesis of capitalist prod in tion and
tbe production of capital were both explained."
Leav'ng now thi* sketch of the growth
of Socialist thought and turning to that
which more Immediately  concerns  us--
the development of th* movement in
Canada—we find that ito course hat been
in many respects similar.
"Tlie hist attempt at a cryttalisation
of the sentiment againit both the old
political parties of capital *tn in Canada
was probably centered in Toronto about
eleven years ago. Ueorge Wrigley and
Q Weston Wrigley, as publisher* of
"Cititen and Country,' with tbe oasist-
an.-e of others, formulated the Canadian
Socialist l-eag ie. several branches being
organised throughout Ontario and a taw
in the Territories and B. C. Whit* this
organisation was short ou knowledge of
economics, still it must be admitted it
did tome good, if only by th* circulation of literature, and Cititen and Country at least kept the comrade* throughout all Canada informed at to each
other'* efforts.
In 1901 the Vancouver League er Local
was converted into a provincial executive committee, with Ernest Burns as
secretary-treasurer. With a fit donation toward* an organisation tour for
B 0, from the Ontario comrades, 1.
Cameron toured the province and established some eight or tea Locals of the
Socialist Party of Britiah Columbia, including three or four league* already existing. Bnt outside of Vancouver very
little propaganda work wa* carried 0*
bv any of these, except the distribution
of literature. /
During the miner*' big strike tor the
eight-hour day in the Kootenay*, R. P.
Pettipiece was conducting the public*-
tion of the ljardeau Eagle, at Ferguson.
R. C. Owing to th* vigorous stand taken
on behalf of the miner*, and it* Soeial-
istic tendencies, the Ragle was made the
official organ of the newly-formed B. C.
S. p.
Soon after, in 19ft!. negotiation* between Com*. Pettipiece snd Wrigley. resulted in the disposal of the Eagle, and
the removal of Citisen snd Country
'rom Toronto to Vancouver to vole* the
claim* of the partv to-be. It appeared
in July, 1I-32. a* the Csaadiaa Socialiat
With no pi-ess in Toronto the idea!
istic movement of Ontario just naturally
petered out.
At about thi* period considerable eat*
fusion re'gned and di**m*aoa ensue.'
within Socialist rank*, in Britith Columbia a* lo the potency of their adopter"
platform, which read a* follow*:
1. Direct  legislation.
2. Proportional   repreaentation.
S. Abolition of property qualification
for voter* and candidates is muniripa'
election .
4. Abolition of aystem of rash deposit*
for candidates st provincial elections
5. Adnlt suffrage.
6. A minimum wage law. fixing wags'
at nnt lew* than It per day for adnlt*
7. Reduction of hours of labor in sl!
trade* to forty-four per week.
8. All coal mine* to be owned aad
operated by the province, in the later
est* of the people.
9. Graduated land tax, «imilar to Ve*
Zealand  law.
10. Free medical attendance ta all seed
ing smb.
11. Scientific and practical management
of fisheries, f.-reals, and waterway*, in
the interests of tbe province.
12. Employment of unemployed labor
on n*efnl productive work.
1*1. Extension of powers of municipal!
14. The education of children uader
14 years of age to be free, tecalar. and
comnnlnory. Text books, meals and
rlothine to lie supplied to children out
of public  funds when  neces-srv.
15. Municinalitatinn and public eon
trol of tb* liquor tretee.
18. Abolition of poll and personal property tax.
17. No more bonusing private Individ
ii.nl* or corporations, with lead grant"
or cash  subsidies.
It was generally agreed that sornethin*
more in line with the iaternatiosa'
movement was necessary, and definite
action was left for a provincial convention to settle.
The "official orgsn" bv thl* time had
experienced sufficient ririsaitodee, com*
mon to all sii-h, to mt it daw* to a one
man shoo-leaving Com. Pettipiece sole
owner of the Western ftocieliit.
In the meantime the idealistic basir
upon which the Ontario Socialist league
was founded proved to be too indefinite
a proposition upon which to build a
party tn cope with the more highly developed capitalism of British Columbia.
A difference of opinion arose within the
party resulting in the Nanaimo comrades withdrawing aad promptly organ
iting the "Revolutionary Socialiat
Party, with branches st Northfield,
LadyamiUi and Vancouver, Th*y slim,
wared control of sn anaemic Nanaimo labor paper known a* th* Clarion.
In tbe fall of 1*01 a bye-election ee*
populated district, tta yet uatouckari 1
th* i.voluUonary rt-jrnT ** h)
During th* tall of 1802, delegates ri,i„
th* two wing* of the Socialist Part. 1
British Celumbi. met i. convent,..,5. '"
Vancouver Th* result of th:, „.„."
tion was the adoption of the clear .hi
revolut'onsry program ot th* Vancouv",
Island comrade*. The word "Kevolu
turnery" wa* dropped from the .,„*,
name and the "Socialist Parly of Brit
isli Columbia" stepped into the ring to
conquer for th* proletariat the control
of the industrial life of the province
Ito field oi activity wa* now to eitst.j
beyond th* narrow limits of Nanaimo
and Ladysmith. It wa* to carry it.
message to the uttermost parts of the
province and awaken the worker* to i|„,
atruggle for freedom.
Early in IMS th* V. B. R. g. ,triU
occurred in Vancouver. Thi* wa* shi.rtly
followed by strike* in the Lady-smith
and Cumberland mines. rearm*- tha
vigorous growth of the Socialist Part.
ths aoterioas Balph Smith, win, had
wormed himself lata th* Dominion
House of Common* upon hi* professed
loyalty to Labor while Mrretlv .,„•
silently serving th* interests of the Nt,
naimo Coal Corporation and similar
piratical bands, wised upon theae strik**
a* a pr.dett aad induced the Ottiwa
government to appoint s cotiinii*»L,n,
ostensibly to enquire into the rauss „f
"labor INspatas" in British Cotambit
Sul***aquent events proved thi* omuius-
tion to tie practically aa inquisition for
th* purpose of providing the eorporst'oa
with sufficient excuse to discriminate
against those of their employees who
were Socialists. How willing the rem*
miseionet* were to do their part of the
nefarious business le well shown by the
following quotat'on from the Official
Report. "The latter fthe Revolutionary
Socialist) it ever rompa**ing the sm.
barrastment or rule of th* employer.*'
No blacker lie than thi* haa ever stood
over the •igsntare of s Canadian .1 i.|,>
Of ths other eammi**ioner, a par-on with
political ambition*, little need 1* ..,„|
But even these well fed and well |,,,„|
gentlemen were compelled lo admit, in
closing their report, that the "Ubor
problem wa* tac-ipable of final m.ln-
tion. . • a* long a* present dvilita*
tios endure*." All of which i* undoubt-
«*dl-f true.
During th* V. B. R. E. strik* th*
Nanaimo Clarion waa merged with the
Western Socialist aad publt.-ati, ,n was
henceforth continued under the nam* of
• he Western Clarion. But the time hsd
net yet arrived which w* to tasui-a
support In «a organ advanring th* rem
lutioeary idea* of a working r-las* »*,-
thueed with aspiration* for it* *-maa*<*
nation from fa* chain* of wag* wrvitud*
The   organising   "f   a   limited  liability
einpanv and various other means w*r«
-•swirled to I* order to tWn-r the paper,
hut it wa* forced to suspend publication
at the end of IMS.
The res-ilt ef the provincial election
in the fall of IMS wa* tbe triumphant
•Vtina of J. H. Hswthnrntliwii!- m
Nanaimo *ad Parker Willi\n.» in N*w-
*l*rtle ridints. Ern***t llill* .ante a ith
•a s few vote* of being likewise succ***-
fol st Ort-enwood. sad ther* i* more
than a awmirtoa to Justify the ass-imp*
tton  that  ht* defeat  wis *v*>n  then *r
OlUpn****' onlv by fraud Ow-d show-
ito** were made in other rldm-r* «ht*r»
Socislist **airdldate*i were rue. Th* result* were in geasral tatiafa " rj »"<■
•erred to *hc*w th* ra»tl*!i«t* Ibal tb*
-..ovrment that had alrtwd* pr* ■ *i *»
threatening to Ihem ar-med lk» ml
.IWri. Is on Vatareuver lslne.1 »•• *t*b
bnrnlr spnwdieg throughout Mr* frnr-
iar*. The foul policy nf th-* Iransroair
and other i»t«r**»t» in driving «k»
miner* of Nanaimo snd !*d**roit,s off
0m* island bad rmlv resulted in •Trading th* ipfertioa to pert* hitherto «»•
affected Tbem* emtttrt who . •<• >**>>
hronght ie tn take their place* *"* testa
t--> he *« bad. or la m*sv rase* «*n
worse, tha* them driven  out
Mention of the r*«*H of lb* •lerties
of IMS ra-B*r*t be p««*ed by without
retereer**. to William !)svid*"n. »*>" «"
•vtitrncd as * Wwr «epre-***it*ti'* bv
♦he mlnera of m*-*-**»*i. Betas * tenuis*
>ebo» msn. **rWj*-*t and honest in hi*
*fforte to find relief for hi* rlaa* frew
the terrible exaction* nf their ■ tpltalltt
-.porMsrir*. h* W*« not Ions in di*e«v*
"ring, nivm eataria* the house nt Vie*
tori*, thst the onlv narlv with »hKh
Se could afnliato in the Interest of Uu-
worker* wai the Socialist .'"-"< I1'"*
lac the *n reediet three atrwainn*. Ibnefk
vlhering, snd holding hlmtelf tn *"*Wj
to hla own lo-al organisation, be *"r««l
'iHhfullv aad earnestly witb th- two
Socialist rs.pre-senl-.tiv.-. in |'ii»h'!"-«
•orwartl tho various labor nim-ur**
lirtntght rssfore tbe teem Bi •"*
ovurr set be i»rove»l beyond lh» »hr»nOW
f • doubt that the miners of Sit***
made ao talttttt in psl.-'tinu Iii'" >*j
further tlieir Inierent* in the Provincial
Tegi*!*»tur*. They will make so mi*-
take hy ugain placing tneir msnil it* In
bla hand*.
I* the Dominion election of l*b fi"
amlidate* were run and.  thouglt  ntrit
were elected, • good showing *»» l""d''
At th* end of 1S04 a emiveutinn "
."'.?:■  .'.•. N:?HJl Nanaimo riding. r.a**J.L*,,     mhftwi    ^ ' pgrfi    ,,.   „,, ,    ,n
«££.«!■««   ^Tttalftata Ihe-rest of lb*
by W. W.
folio in the Prior government. Mclnne*.
who wa* known si ths ablest capitalist
cumpaiirn orator in Britith Columbia,
was harked by every government em
ployee and by the Nanaimo and Duns
muir coal corporation*, briefly by the
master class and its toadies, heeler* and
henchmen. Into tht* sort of a fight the
Revolutionary Socialist Party projected
it* first candidate, a totally unknown
man. Comrade Parker Williams, a Nanaimo miner.
The battering-ram effects of sound
economic teachings were speedily felt by
the master class in thit campaign. The
roar of the revolutionary artillery of
the proletariat wa* unmistakable In th*
result of the poll. Park»r William 1
polled ttlMint 40 per cent, of the vote.
Thi*, allied with the fact that J, H.
Hawthornthwaite, at thl* time holding
a »«ftt In tho Provincial Hon** a* an
Independent Labor ropreft-ntative from
Nanaimo, had e*nont*d th* Socialist
cause, thu* in a large mea*ure removing
the popular ids* of Its abrtrart nature,
and making it a matter of practical
noUtias, -erved an a warning to th* cor*
porations to henceforth refrain from
trailing th* political lives of their mott
uieful lieutenant* to the mining section*
t-f Vsncouver Island. Th* next tlm* Mo*
Inne* ran for a seat In the House he
discreetly did hi* stunt in Alberni rid*
ing an out-of-the-way and aeatterlngly
talon, and became the aeeialUt Pull
of Canada. Sitie* that wasuterablc pr"-
gress bat been mad*, more e*p*-"J*"J
wt'hin the ia*t year In British ,'"ll,-n*
In January. 1M6. the Clarion reappeared u*der ito present nniiKit.""1"'"'-
snd has line*, with the assistance ■>' ll"
job plant, tuooeeded lu ke.'1'init »•'"■'"■
For this credit ii ta no small m*u«r*
due to th* untiring effort* of It* "*■»•
hu»tler. Com. Horry Sibble. who. •"*
spired hy * desire to push forward th*
can**, found in thi* field an outlet Uit
hi* energies. Ths Clarion hn* undeniably bad no incontlderable influjnot
upon the propaganda, and h«» don*
much to crvstallse tho Socialist sentiment and pises It upon a «'"'*"' """
logical basil of economic fact.
During  the  tranaitlon  from
mane aentimentaliiin of the lf**M*
tho aggressive materialism «■ the 1 arty.
there had lieen brief period* ol m»«n»
ity.   But tho march of event* and  in*
development   of   industry   wa*  bi inK"**
th* clas* struggle ever more ylenri)
fore ths workers.   No event ha* *"'r
to bring home the lesion """" J".,"/.
than tbe We-faced kidnaping of bej*
Haywood and I-trttibone by the *;» ll".
of th* governors of Idaho and CoI«*«*
at th* tattance of the Mine Owner*
(Continued oa p>ffe thrr*)
the   hit- ^T^.
t*%t WttMtt CLAIM,   TJUTOOUVll,   MBM CQLtftBMA-
Preaent-Comrad** BtobMngs, McKen*
Ile, Pritchard. Ptrtttptac*. Kingsl*y and
tl.*-' Secretary.
Minutes i**ad and »»»»•■• _
(orresposdtme* dealt with from Daw-
„„   Y   T„ CUr**holm   and Winnipeg
■fills      * " *
'°Tbe »um «f $Vt est donated to the
H C. Provincial Bseeutiv* Committee
for use in th* *lection campaign.
A warrant waa *n**red drawa for ft
t(, the W**t*r* Clarion for advsrtiting
D  C  Prov. Kane. Com.—Stamp* and
Hupplit* *  ......$K00
Winnipeg loc*l--«tamps aad Supplies
Iiawaun iocal-fttamp* aad  (Supplies
J. C. MORGAN, Secy
lingular hasiasts maeting, January g.
rr«»nt-Comrsd**s Stehbing*. I'nt.h
aid. Morgan, Pettipiece aad th* SecreUry.
II in ute* of previous meeting read and
t'barter applications received from
Uara aad Uabriola Island aad charters
Ii runted.
' -rreapovidence dealt with from I jural*
i:..el*tok*. I'hoeais. Greviwood. Koas-
i.md. Kelowna, Sumruerland, Squamish
and r'erni*.
ile electioa in Richmond riding.
*- punish local having nominated Com.
Kilby, th* committee agi-eed to guar*
ante* ttt of the deposit.
Secretary announced tbat tbe service*
of Com. Mortimer had been secured ss
rgamaer aad that be would arrive st
I *rnie oa or about th* 12th.
Warrant ordered drawn for IMS) to
<  -m. Mortimer for organizing etpen-t**.
S***rvtary reported that Com. Srney had
n.ade a trip to Van Ands to assist Com.
'artwright in hi* campaign.     Hi*   ei
pen***   lieing   $.V*tf.     Warrant
drawn for Mine.
Union  Directory
When Tbey Meet; Where They Meet.
(Mr**livery Labor Union ln the province la ie
vited to place a card under tha heed, f i.oo set
month.    Secretaries pleaae Bote.
Comrade John T. Mortimer, who ha*
been residing at St. Vincent, Minn., for
the put three year*, will arrive at Fernie about January 13, to take part ir,
the campaign. Ita will speak at various |
place* in the Crow'* Nest, Kootenay and
Boundary districts on hit wsy to the
coast via lievelgtoke. John T't incisive snd effective manner of dealing
with capitalitt politicians and their
humbug issues should be taken advantage of to the utmost by the comrades
of the interior. During the latter part
of the campaign he will be in Vancouver
and vicinity.
(a) Buy some labor-power of people
who are forced to ell their 'abor-power.
(b) Have s few hundred of these people apply thi* labor-power—with too)*,
machinery, factories, etc.—and have each
worker thu* produce, *-ach day, $6.00
or f.s.00 worth of vslues.
le) Each day give to each seller of
labor-power, My $200 or 13.00—called
wagee--bart-ly more than enough to enable tbe worker 'by eating and sleeping
and rearing children) te get more labor-
power to tell you.
id) 'live the**, worker* "hot air" about
freedom  before election,  and cold   lead
after election,  if tbey go on  strike  or
get noisy.-Mental Dynamite.
Some hysterica! Liberal ar-uawker* declare that Hawthornthwaite ha* evil
design* upon the British flog thst flies
over the house st Victoria, and threaten*
to pull it down. Even though it be
granted that he has made such threat
it by so mean* follow* that hi* purpoie
it evil. I'erhsp* be desire* to wash the
dirty emutche* from its fold* thst have
been placed there by the action* of the
unclean political beast* that tbe working men of tbe province have *o long
allowed to stable in the building.
International Association of Bridge
and Structural Ironworkers, Local
No. 97, meets in Labor Hall, firtt
and third Friday oi the month, at
8 p. m. B. Jardln..-, Recording-Secretary, Box HSU, Vancouver, B. C.
1 •*-*!• local    Hlamp* sad  Supplies. ,4.1*
*> aneouvsr local   .stamp* sad Supplies
St "*,
Mara Chau-ter Fee.'....... .. l?.eo
• atsriol* Hand Charier Fee S7.W
' ampaign  l'uad     tS-M
Total. tVAS
Warrant* ordered drawn  for the foi-
tuwiat i mounts-
T.i i. T.  Mortimer llOO.fwi
L R. tkmiy     ISO
Host. Esse. Com.. Stamp*    10*
 '■■    o	
I'revioatfv   acknowledged tVI.'s
>i'>m*le*n* Wage Slave    IM
Two Clarion Hub*    1.09
Total.. $U.*
Forward ail contributions to Pro
v uncial Secretary.
Everywhere  in  the civilised  world   *
publicly-owned     industry    always    ba*
naturally lieen administered, il now na-
. torally administered,   and   alway*   will
ordered   nRturaIly  be administered  primarily  to
j the special  advantage of the class that
| ha* po.seiw.ion of the power* of govern
ment.—Mental Dynamite.
Phoenix Miner*' Union, No. i
W. F. M. Meett every Saturday
evening at 7.30 o'clock io Miners
had. John Mclnnis, President,
Walter Morrison, Secretary.
Soeialisl IUretsbry
gtfT Every Laea) of the Socialiat
Party of Caaada ahould run a eari
uader thla head. 91.00 par month
Secretaries plaaa* not*.
British Columbia Pravlnclal "fcUecutive
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Tu*a*
dajr. D. G. McKenzie, SecreUry,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Doiulalon Exeeatlve Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meet*
every alternate Tuesday. J. O.
Morgan. SecreUry, 6(1 Barnard
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
IjocsU Vancouver. No. 1, 8. P. of Canada. Buslnes* meetings every
Monday evening at headquarter*,
Ingleside Block, til Cambie Street,
(room 1, second floor). Educational meetings every Sunday at t
p. tn.. In Sullivan "Ball, Cordova
Struct, rredartc P*rry. Secretary,
Bax *M, Vancouver, B. ft
11 Comsauicing at the same point
as No. IS marked the N. B. corner
post, thence W. ISO chains, thence 8.
40 chaina, thence E. 160 chain*, thence
N. 40 chain* to point of commencement.
15. Commencing at the same point
ai No. 14 marked the 8. B. corner poit
thence W. ISO chaina, thence N. 40
chains, thence E. ISO chains, thence
8. 40 chains to point of commencement.
lt. Commencing about six miles
Westerly from Atluck Lake marked
N. K. corner post, thence S. ISO
chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence N.
160 chsins, tbence K. 40 chains to
point  o.  commencement.
17. Commencing at the same point
as No. IS marked the 8. W. corner post
thence E. IS* chains, thence N. 40
chains, thence W. 1*0 chains, thence 8
40 chains to point ot commencement.
18. Commencing at a post about
(two and a half miles ln a Westerly
direction from Atluck Lake marked
-the 8. E. corner post, thence N. ISO
chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence 8.
ISO chains, thence E. 40 chains to
point of commencement.
IS. Commencing at a post about
one mile Easterly from No. 18, marked
■the 8. E. corner post, thence N. ISO
chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence 8.
ISO chains, thence E 40 chains to point
ot commencement.
20. Commencing at the same point
iis No. 19 marked the 8. Wi corner
post, thence N. 160 chains, thence E.
40 chains, thence 8. 1*0 chains, thonce
W. 40 chains to point of commencement.
Dated at Vancouver. B. C, December
15th,   1*06.
Notice ia hereby given that sixljr day* after
date wc intend to apply to the Chief Com-
mission** of Land* and Work* for special license lo cut aad carry away timber on lac
following described lands in Rupert District:—
1. Commencing at a poet aaarked Imperial
Tmiber and Trading Company North Eaat corner post situated at the M, £. corner of section t» T'p. IS, tbence SO chaina South, tbence
SO chain* West, thence 80 chain* North, thence
SO chain* bast,  to point of commencement.
S. Commencing at the N. fc. corner of sec-
lion SS marked imperial 'limber and Trading
Company'* Northwest corner, thence SO chains
South, thence SO chains Eaat, thence So
chaina North, tbence SO chain* West to point
of commencement.
i. Cununcncing at a point one-half mile
Eaat of the Northeast corner ol section tt,
marked Southwest corner post, tbence North
tbence Eaat 40 chaina, tbence
—   -  — -*_.— w
chaina,  thence  Wot 40 chain*
Local Toronto, S. P. of C—Meets every Sunday 3 p. m. at Davis Hall,.. „_ , -.-:-,_
corner Queen and S-padina Aven-|Norm ^-^jj^^tan « ch-in.
ueg. F. Dale, SecreUry, 41
Henry Street. Finnish Branch
meets Sunday nights, same hall.
Jewish Branch, Sunday nights, at
185 1-2 Queen St. West.
A Conservative government sold, for
lie.tM, Ksien Island, for which the
middlemen got from the (1. T. I'. 140.-
(«** Craft:
A work ng man sold, for $2.00, one
dai'» labor-power, for the product of
which the middlemen got  $10.00.    Buai-
Local Winnipeg, 8. P. of C. meett
every Sunday, in Trades Hall, at
2:30 p. m. J. Coxon, SecreUry, 23*5
Princctt St., Winnipeg, Man.
Local Nelson, S. P. of C—Meets every Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Union Halt, Nelson B. C
A. W. Harrod, Organiser.
What'* the difference?
South Mo
poini ot cc  ... -
4.   Commencing st the ***** J*** *■__
marked  the  8***«*«"?* M* „S
to point oi cc-n-menct-mcnt.
j. Commencing at a point about one-hall
mile West irom tbe Northeast corner of section tt, marked Southwest corner post, thence
Noth 1*0 chain*, thence Eaat 40 chaina, thence
South  ISO chains,  thence  West  40 chaina  lo
S, Commencing at the same point aa No.
t, marked Soutbeaat corner post, tbence North
ISO chains, tbence West 40 chaina, thence
South  IM  chaina,   tbence  East 40 chaina to
T. Commencing at a point one-halt mile
Eaat ol the Northcaat corner of section St,
T'p. lt, marked the Northwest corner, tbence
South ISO chaina. thence Laat 40 chains, tbence
si—.*.  >*a ,h..n«    (i^nte  West  40  chaiaa to
after (0 days we Intend to apply for
a special licence to cut and carry away
timber on the following described
lends In Rupert Diatrlct:
27. Commencing at a post about one
mile 8. of the S.W, corner of Section
1», Tp. 14, p--:."*.*.'. tftw N.W. corner
poat, thence *). SO chains, tl-ence E. 80
chains, thence N. 80 chains, thence W.
80 chain*, to point of commencement
28. Comrr.-.-nclna; at the same point
as No. 27, marked the N.E. corner
poit, thence H. 80 chaina, thence W. 80
chains, thence N. 80 chains, thence E.
{0 chains, to point of commencement.
29. Commencing at a point about
two miles 8. of the S.W. corner of
Section 20, marked the N.W. corner
post, thence S. 180 chains, thence B.
40 chains, thence N. ISO chsins, thence
W. 40 chains to point of commencement.
30. Coramem-m'ng at the same
point ss No. 2* marked the N. W.
corner post, thence 8. 1(0 chains,
thence W. 40 chains, tbence N. 1(0
chains, tbence E. 40 cbains to point of
31. Commencing at a point near
the 8. W. corner of Section 84, Tp 18,
marked the N.W. corner post, thence
S. 1(0 chains, thence E. 40 chains,
thence N. 1(0 chains, thence W. 40
chains to point ot commencement.
12. Commencing at the same point
as No. 31 marker! the N. E. corner
post, thence 8. 1(0 chains, thence W.
40 chains, thence N. 1(0 chains, thence
E. 40 chains to point of commencement.
33. Commencing st the same point
as ln No. 32 marked the 8. W. corner
post, thence N. 1(0 chains, thence E.
40 chains, thence 8. 1(0 chains, thence
W. 40 chains to point of commencement.
34. Commencing at the same point
as in No. 33 msrked the S. E. corner
post, thence N. 1(0 chsins. thence W.
40 chains, thence 8. 1(0 chains, thence
E. 40 chains to point ot commencement. ■%
35. Commencing near the S.W. corner of Section 22 marked the & W.
corner post, thence N. 80 chains, tbence
E. 80 chains, thence 8. 80 chains,
thence W. 80 chaina to point of commencement.
38. Commencing at the same point
as No. 35, msrked the 8. E. come:
post, thence N. 1(0 chains, thence W.
40 cbains, thence 8. 1(0 chains, thence
E. 40 chains to point of commencement.
37. Commencing at a point about
one mile S. ot the 8. W. corner or
section 22 marked the 8. E. corner
post, thence W. 80 chains, thence N.
80 chains, tbence E. 80 chains, thence
S. 80 chains to point of commencement.
88. Commencing at the same point
as |*.*o. 3? marked the N. W. cornei
poat thence 8. 160 chain*, thence E. 40
chains, thence N. 1(0 chains, thence
W. 40 chains, to point of commencement.
Commencing  at  the  Bame   point
G A. OKELL, Manager
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City. You can alwaya
depend upon our bread.    Try it.
37 Pandora St Victoria, B. C
Maastactgrtr st
S Nt. • Ct-trtr* II.
To* i
Bit. JgaoM
S <\ve
Regular transe** meeting January 7.
< rnnrade Btefching* ia the chair. Minute* of. preriou* meeting read »nd sp*
pro-rstl. that. Byrotnrk mlmilted to
ii.rmberwhip. Warrant* ordered drawn
for the following sum*:
Headquarter* rent »«••»
r«al    J*
One*, itamp* aad sopplie*    •■■TS
l.itaratnre Agent	
Total *j__\
Local ordered •.•»» copies of eamp*ign
edition ef ta* Clarion.
Com. Johsaon o«ered • *»wing m*
chin* to he railed In sid of the cam*
paign fund. Com. Pratt offered a cigar
*>tte rata, value •».•». for lecond prise
Offer* t-ecepted. and Comrade* "artle.
li-ah and llaeUehlan a|ir«i"t«' ■ «*»fn*
'    tmirtee.
Heeelpt*: M._
I.iter»tur* sale* I**
Dues '•■••
I>oimtt*B    *"**
Adjourn ment.
. $35.60
I'rsrlmisly acknowledged W™
I.*adi ..     *«"
J. Lt*    •**•
T. Buff     ;  *■«■
Continued From Page Two.
•delation. Thi* dropping of the ma*k
of regality and constitutionality h.-.* resulted in driving the Western Federation of Miner* into the rank* of militant Socalism, snd the metal-mining and
smelting districts hare become a veritable hotbed of organised revolt, as was
rlearly demonstrated at the convention
recently held in Vancouver to attempt,
th* formation of an non-Social:*t Labor
The .invention of 1906 did much to
cement the organisation, remove mutual
misronceptiont, and inspire the various
branches with confidence in one another.
In the Dominion also, though organisation is greatly hampered by the
vsstnem of the territory snd the lack
of funds, inns'deralde activity ha* been
displayed. Local organisation* are now
scattered throughout the Dominion from
Yukon Territory to Newfoundland, and
signs are nnt wanting of a general
awakening which requirei bnt a few or-
ganiaing tour* to rouse into aggressive
activity. Toronto Loral, the most active
outside of B. C., has, in the recent
civic election, made a very good showing, their candidate for mayor polling
H.900 vote* and pushing the successful
candidate hard  for election.
Briefly speaking, the party is a factor
henceforth to be reckoned with in bnlh
Dominion nnd I'rovim-ial politic*. Sign*
.re not lacking upon the horiann to show
that thc old Liberal and Conservative
ganff* of rs|iltali»t political humbug*
will be fnt-ccd in the neor future, e*pe-
ciallv In British Columbia, to throw
aside their pretense of enmity and unite
acainst the advancing host . The prediction I* here made, thai if the result
of the pending election should be an
increase of Socialiat strentrth in the
house at Victoria there w'll be another
provincial election within s twelvemonth, nnd Ihe old hnmbng of party
line* between capitalist political faction*
bo thrown to the wind*.   Once they
as No. 38 marked the N. E. corner
post, thence & 1(0 chains, thence W.
40 chains, thence N. 1(0 chains, thence
E. 40 chaina to point of commencement.
40.   Commencing   at   a   point
thence N. 80
JQIlLlllVUUii*       -*-      —      *-«"        -,V
the 8. W. corner of Isectlon Umar^
->- Klin*, Dawson
Rob. Smith	
K. Hough	
'. I'aarson	
J. Donovan	
A. Laing	
John Neeland* .. .,
O*o. Byvatuck ..  ..
Fred Phillip*
Worker, per L**d*
Jn-k Walton	
H. Allan	
Fr**ad, per I/esd* .
H  B„ per I*eds ..
Colktctad at Orand
Krneit Burn* ....
Leeds, per Bill* ..
j s. b;	
R. W., per Clarion
W. B. Boss	
I). P. Mills	
Fred P*rrr
in their true color* a* purely representative* of the interests of capital a*
ngninst the interest* of Labor, thl'"
ultimate finish  is within easy  reach
T. BeamLh '.'. '.*..*.    »'2
J, Johntton
n. Madison
Total *,W05
Li .].,:.„         SacMtary,
C PETERS   *«««•••••
lland.Made Bool* and Shoes to order in
all •tytc*.   Krpaiiiiis promptly and neat*
ly done.     Mock  of staple  rra-ly-iiiade
Shoes alwaya on baud.
I4M WasMatlw Aw.      Mont Htsuat.
I'-lrst Class Bar.       Esoellent Itooms,
l*rl.*es Moderato.
J. Edward Bird,    A. 0. Bry*don-Jack
T*l. 8M. P.O. Baa, 089.
AM BMttn-g* 81*. * Xtmewm, MA
after sixty days we Intend to apply
for a special license to cut and carry
away timber on the following described lands In Rupert District:
1. Commencing at a post about
two mil--* In a Southerly direction
rrom the head of Atluck lake, marked
"Imperial Timber ft Trading Com-1
pany's" R W. corner post, thence N.
1(0 chains, thence E. 40 chains, thence
8. 1(0 chains, thence W. 40 chains to
point of  commencement.
2. Commencing at the same point
as No. 1 marked the N. E. corner post,
thence S. 1(0 chains, thence W. 40
chains, thence N. 160 chains, thence E.
40 chains  to point of commencement.
3. Commencing at a post about two
and a half miles South Westerly from
the head of Atluck Lake marked the
S. W. corner post, thence E. 1(0 chains,
thence N. 40 chains, thence W. 1(0
chains, thence 8. 40 chains to point of
4. Commencing- at the same point
a* No. 3 marked the N. W. corner
poit, thence E. 80 cliains, thence S.
110 chains, thence W. 89 chains, thence
IN. 80 chains to point of commencement.
E. Commencing nt thc same point
as No. 4 marked the N. E. corner post,
thenc* W. 160 chains, thence 8. 40
chains, thence K. 1(0 chains, thence
Jpi 40 rhalni to point ot commence*
6. Commencing at the same point
ns No. 5 marked the 8. E. corner post
thenco W. 80 chains, thence *N. 80
chains, thence E. 80 chains, thence
a 80 chains to point ot commencement.
7. Commencing at a post about two
mtlei Westerly from the post on No.
( marked tho 8. W. corner post, thence
E. 80 chains, thence N. 80 chains,
thence W. 80 chains, thence 8. 80
chains to point ot commencement i
8. Commencing at the same point
as No. 1 marked the N. E. corner poit,
thence 8. 80 chains, thence W. 80
chains, thence N. 80 chains, thence E.
80 chains to point of commencement.
9. Commencing at a poat about two
miles In a Southerly direction from the
post on No. ( marked the a fi). corner
post, thonce N. 10 chaina, thenc* W.
80 chain*, thence 8. 80 chain*, thence
E. 80 chains to point of commencement.
10. Commencing at the aame point
a* No. 8 marked the N. E. corner post,
thence S. 80 chaint, thence W. 80
chain*, thence N. 80 chain*, thence E.
SO chain* to point of commencement.
11. Commencing at tho same point
as   No.   10  marked the  8.  W.    corner
post,  thence  E.   80  chains,  thence  N.
80 chains, thence W. 80 chains, thence i
a.   80   chains   to  point  of  commence- ■
12. Commencing at a post about
three miles Westerly from th* poit
on No. 11 marked the 8. W. corner
post, thence E. 160 chains, thence 8.
40 chains, thence W. 160 chains, thence
N. 40 chains to point ot commencement,
18. Commencing at the same point
us No. 12 marked the 8. W. corner
post, thence E. 160 chains, thence N.
40 cliains, thence W. 160 chains, thence
fL 40 chains to point ot comroanoe-
Nortk "iao  dam*,  thence   W«at
8. Commencing at Use aaaac point as No. T,
narked the N. fc.. corner post, thence South
ISO chaina, thenc* West 40 chaina, tbence
North ISO chaina, thence East 40 chains to
point ot commer-cement.
S. Commencing at a point one-half mile
West of iii* N. W. corner of section lt,
marked Southwest corner post, thence North
ISO chains, thence East 40 cnains, thence South
ISO chains, tbence West 40 chains to point
of commencement.
10. rornraennng st the same point aa No.
0, aaarked tbe S. K.- corner post, thence North
1*0 chaiaa, thence West 40 chaina, thence
South 100 chaws, thence East 40 chain* to
point of commencement.
IX. Comas-nrint it tbs aame point a* No.
10, marked thc N. W. corner poat, tbence
South 1(0 chains, thence East 40 chains,
thenc* North 1(0 chaina, thence West 40
chaina to point of commencement.
IS.   Commencing at the aame point aa No.
f 11,   narked   the N.   E.   corner   post,'   thence
South   180   chains,   thence   West   40   chaiaa,
tl-ence North ISO chain, thence Eaat 40 chaina
la. I'omrsjtrtriag at the Southeast corner of
Section tt, marked the N. E. corner post,
thenc* South 10* chains, tbence Weat 40
chaina, tbence North 1(0 chains, thence East
40 cbains to point of commencement.
14V Ccaaraencing at tbe -ara* point as No.
18, and narked the S. E. corner, thence North
ISO chaina, tbence West 40 chaina, thence
South 1*0 chain*, thence Eaat 40 chaiaa to
point of. commencement.
IS, C-jtair-cacing a half a mile West of the
S. E. comer ot section SO, marked thc N. E
corner post, thence South 1(0 chains, thence
West 40 chaiaa, tbence North ISO chaina,
thence East 40 chains to paint of commence-
IS. Commencing at tbe same point ss No.
IS, aaarked tbe S. E corner post, thence North
1(0 chaina, thenc* West 40 chains, thence
South 180 chains, thence East 40 chains to
point of commetKeinent.
IT. Commencing at a point near the N. W.
corner of section IS, Tp. 15, marked N W.
corner poat, tbence East 1(0 chains, thence
South 40 rhains, thence West ISO chain*.
North 40 chats* to point of corm.iei.cement.
IB. Commencing at tbe S. E. corner ot sec-
tion 1*. T'p. 14. marked th* N. E comer poat,
tbence South SO cbains, thence West 80 chaina,
thence North SO chains, tbence East 80 chains
to point of conirstar-encat
It. Cn—wring at th* same point st No.
18, marked the N. W. corner post, thence
South SO chain*, thence Eaat 80 chains, tbence
North SO chains, thenc* West 80 chain* to
point ol commencement.
t*. Commencing at a point one-half mile
West of thc S. W. comer of section SO;
marked Ihe N. W. comer post, tbence South
14* chain*, tbence Eait 40 chaint. thence North
1(0 chains, tbence West 40 chains to point of
tl. Commencing at Ibe same point aa in
No. », marked the N. E corner post, thence
Sooth 10* cbains, thettee West to chaina,
tbence North 1*0 ebtini, thence Eaat 40 chaina
to point of ccanmenceraent.
tt. Commencing at tbe ***** point at in
No. 11, marked tha S. W. comer pott, tbence
Noth 1*0 data*, tasvacs East 4* cbains. tbeace
Soulh 160 cbains, thence West 40 cnains to
point of commencement
SS. Commencing at the tame point a* No,
tt, marked the S. E corner poat, tbence North
ISO chain*, thence West 40 chaint, thence
South 1(0 chaina, thenc* East 40 chains to
point of conunencetneut.
tt. Commencing at s point near tbe N. E.
comer of section 81, marked lb* N. E. corner poat, tbence South SO chain*, tbence Weal
80 cliains, thence North 80 chain*, thence East
80 chains to point of commencement.
tS. Commencing at the N. E. corner of
section 88, marked th* S. E. corner poat,
Ibtmcc West 160 chain*, tbence North 40
chain*, thence Eait 160 chains, thence South
40 chain* to point of commencement.
t( .Commencing sl a point half a mile East
of th* S. W. corner of section IT. T'p. lt,
marked the S. E. comer post, thence N.-vth
1*0 chaina.  thence  West  4* chains,   thence
I South  ISO chain*,  thenc*   East  40  chains  to
point of commencement.
Dated at Vancouver, B. C, December 10th,
ed the 8. E. corner post, thence i*.. av
chains, thence W. 80 chaina, thence &
80 chains, thence E. 80 chain* to point
ot commencement.
41. Commencing about one mile N
from the N. W. corner ot Section 17
marked the 8. E. corner pott, thence
N. 80 chains, thence W. 80 chains,
thence S. 80 chains, thence E. SO chains
to point of commencement. ML
42. Commencing at a point about
one mile S. of the 8. E. corner ot Section 20 marked the 8. E. corner post,
thence W. 1(0 chains, thence N. 40
chains, thence E. 1(0 chains, thence
S. 40 chains to point of commencement.
43. Commencing at a point about
two miles S. ot the S. E. corner ot
Section 19 marked the S. W. corner
post, thence N. 80 chains, tbence E. 80
chaina, thence W. 80 chains to point
of commencement
44. Commencing at the same point
as No. 43 marked the N. W. corner
post thence 8. 1(0 chains, thence E.
40 chains, tbence N. 1(0 chains, thence
W. 40 chains to point of commencement
Commencing   at   a  point   about
by boy-faff thia
reliable, haoestV
high grade rt*****
ing machine.
NatioMl Sewing Machine Co,
r raCTOtty ATltalLVIDBdL sU.
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
ri(Y"MYi VjSfM i.]l ~ *il
Uy of having their Patent business transacted
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Second Hand Oealer
45. *^uuiu.cuw..B ^^^^^^^^^
two and a half miles S. of the S. E.
corner of Section 34 marked the N. E.
corner post thence W. 1(0 chains,
thence 8. 40 chains, thence E. 1(0
chains, thence N. 40 cbains to point
of  commencement
46. Commencing at a point near the
N.    8*
chains to point
& W. corner of Section 2S marked the
N. W. corner post, thence 8. 80 chains,
thence  E.   80   chains,   thence
chains, thence W. 80      --*--
ot commencement srassssi
Dated at Vancouver, B. C, December
18th,  1906.
A large and varied assortment of Heater aad
Cook Stoves, at bedrock prices.
Boom Chain, and Loggers' Tools a Specialty.
New Iron Beds from
$5.50 np.
\ Hardware, Junk and Frarnhnr*.
■f*kaM 1571      Vutt-mr, I. 8.
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United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUR HAT ••• t* It
that th* Genuine Union Label 1* sewed In It If
a retailer ba* loose labels In his poaseaaion antl
offers to put one in a hat for you, do not patronla*
him. Loose labels In retail stores ar* counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label ls perforated on f*ur
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and some tl me* only on two. John B. Stetattn Ce.,
ot Phlladelph la, is a non-union concern.
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New York.
COKE is an excellent fuel for grates, hall   stoves, furnacea and
cooking stoves, making a clean, bright fire without smoke or dirt
Vancouver Gas Company. Ltd. fotrt
TEl W18TPM m.Amtftl,    y-AHMTOBt.   BMTiaH OOLUttftlA*
Btturdar, jartUaty is, ltt0,,
Continued from Page One
Against: McNiven, Drury, Brown,
Evans, Tanner, Patterson, King, McDonald. Henderson, Munro, Cameron. Tatlow, Jones, Cotton. Ellison. Houston
Clifford, Bowser, Green, Fulton, Garden,
Taylor, Wright. MacGowan. Shatford-
Com. Williams introduced several amendment* to the Coal Mines Regulation
Act of importance to miners. Hi* amendment, which provided that plans of
the mines be posted in conspicuous places
in the workings to better enable men
to escape when explosions or other disasters ooctsr was carried without much opposition. It is noteworthy, however, that
proceedings had to be instituted against
the Union Colliery Co. (James Dunsmuir
et al.) before compliance could be exacted. Human life it indeed cheap, provided always that it belong* to the class
that exist by the sale of their com modity, labor power.
Com. Williams also introduced an amendment to the Game Act .providing that
children under fifteen should not be
governed by certain sections. This carried.
His amendment to the Mines Act (coal)
providing that employees should have
the power to elect inspectors met overwhelming defeat.
Com. Hawthornthwaite introduced the
following bills and amendments:
1. Boiler Inspect'on Act (amendment)
Carried. '
8. Settlers'  Bights Act.   Carried.
3. Eight Hour.Law, Engineers (amendment).   Defeated.
4. Bird Protection Act (amendment).
5. Eight Hour Law in Coal Mines.
Curried. •*
6. Transportation on Railways (passes).
7 Game Protection Act.   Carried.
The necessity of some amendment to
the Boiler Inspection Act, in the interest of a class of workers is shown by
certain certificates issued under the old
law, which practically enacted that certain men would be allowed to work on
engines of a certain horse power and for
a specified company only! They could
not legally work on engines of the same
type of lees horse power, and were literally tied to their machines, as, if they
quit work they could not be employed
elsewhere in the Province—a decided
touch of old-time serfdom. To the disgrace of the Department many of these
certificates were issued, signed by the
Inspector and Minister of the Crown.
The new act, which requires that certificates shall be issued without cost and
without examination, where men have
proved competency by years of service,
is appreciated by the majority of practical engineers in the Province. The examination of service men under the old
law was most objectionable, as it afforded corporations, which are the real rulers
under capitalism, possible means of
smoothly, but effectively getting rid of
old employees who were no longer -deal
wage slaves. ^^^~
The Settlers' Rights Act was introduced at the request, of a number of uro-
letarian farmers on the island who have
been denied their rights under the law
to their lands at the instance of the E.
& N. Ry. Co. Corporations in all conn-
triesahave great respect for the law only
when written in their direct interests.
The large majority of settlers affected
are proletarian, being unable to make a
living upon their farms, and eke out an
existence by occasionally working in the
mines and upon the roads. Th* agitation in connection with their troubles
has been going on for over twenty years
and has been uaed at every election by
the old political parties to humbug these
unfortunate men. The Socialist Party
ia its first session has succeeded in having enacted a measure which, if under
the system any are effective when opposed to capitalitt interests, will finally
settle the vexed question. As the Bill,
to be effective, had to be brought down
by message from the Lieutenant-Governor, and as thit it outside the privileges
of a private member of the House, Premier McBride undertook the task and
saw it safely through. Now that it i*
through, however, there is considerable
, diffic Ity and delay in having its provisions carried out.
With a tew notable exceptions this
measure was opposed by the Liberals in
tb* House, and efforts were made to clip
its effectiveness by means of weakening
amendments, Maedonald, the leader of
the party, distinguishing h'mself in this
respect. Generally speaking this man's
attitude towards reforms, and his anr-
iety on behalf of the corporation interests, would almost lead one to believe
that the term Liberal, a* applied to the
party bearing it, is a misnomer, and
that it more truly represents capitalist
interests. This, however, is another
question, but one which calls for consideration by our party.
Th* Eight Honr Law for coal miners,
which should prove a boon to the mercilessly exploited miners of the Crow's
Kett Pats and other mines, also passed.
Bnt workingmen matt recognise that any
efforts to decrease the hours of labor can
only result in ths increase in its intensity. Capitalism's unwritten iron laws
cannot he ameliorated to any appreciable
extent by legislation under capitalism.
Thit Bill was opposed with bitterness
by many Liberals, principally on the
ground* that it interfered with "freedom
of contract" (God save the mark).
The bill making it compulsory for all
railway and steamboat corporations to
issue paste* to members of the Legislature, assessors, etc., need* but little explanation. Owing to the action of your
Executive it will not be nM-essary for
oar party to again introduce this Bill.
The Laurier Government passed a similar measure, so far as Dominion members are concerned, but even with this
nobl* example only one Liberal could be
found in the local House independent
enough to brave the hostility of the
traatportation companies and support
our measure. If the Bill had passed it
WOald have put a stop to a cheep but
eemmon method of petty bribery.
'the Eight Hour Law, for engineers,
had ef eannm bnt Uttl* show, bath Con-
■wivatives and Liberals, with few exceptions, voted against it. If it had be-
ci ine law it practically meant an eight
hour day for most of the industries of
the province. The attitude of Mr. McNiven, the "Liberal-Labor" member for
Victoria .towards this Bill, was very instructive. He explained that he favored an eight hour day. but did not believe in obtaining it by means of legis-
! hition. lt should, in his opinion, be ob
tained by voluntary agreement lietween
master and man, or by Trade* Union
efforts; and therefore he would have to
vote against Com. Hawthornthwaite's
amendment.   He did.
The session of 1905 proved to lie a strea-
flous one for the Socialist members,
Iluwthornthvruite introduced two eight-
hour bills that seemed to t.t'r the capitalist representatives into fine fury.
On.* was rhe eight hour law in thc smelters und the other some amendments
strengthening the "bank to bank" clause
in tbe eight hour law in coal mines.
The vote on the Smelter Bill was a* follow*.   Journals,  1905.   Page  SO:
For —  Henderson,  Hawthornthwaite,!
Williams, Houston, McNiven, Jones, Davidson,   Clifford,   Fraser,   G-fford,   Mc-
Gowa-, Shatford.—12.
Against. — Mcinnes, Drury, King,
Brown, Oliver, Murphy, Evans, Tanner,
Munro, Patterson, Hall, Cameron, Tatlow,  McBrde,  Cotton,  Ellison,  Bowser,
its**A. McDonald, Green, Fulton,Garden,   Wright,   Young,   Grant,   Taylor.
Maedonald, the leader of the alleged
oppos'tion, refused to vote on the bill,
lie claimed tbe men had never asked
for it and after lying in every possible
manner to damage it, sneaked out In a
most cowardly fashion. Never before in
the province have Ijabor representative*
hod t-.- contend against such » dangeroui
and -implacable foe as the gentleman it
quest'on. Cold-blooded by nature and
profoundly 'hypocrtical, what ability
and legal training he has is remorselessly used to destroy any efforts in behalf
of the worker and at the same time cover
up his own tracks. Such men as
McBride and even Patterson are
much leas to be feared. Their work
as a rule is so open that he who run*
may read. It will be remembered during Hawthornthwaite's powerful speech
on behalf of the smelter worker*, applause from the crowded galleries wo*
with great d'fnculty suppressed by the
Speaker's threats to hove them cleared
A tremendous effort was made by the
coal barons to defeat or destroy the
"bonk to bank' clause in the eight hour
low for coal miners. A strong'lobby of
Liberal and Conservative lawyers was
made and a deputation from the Nanaimo Board of Trade was sent down to
influence the local and other representatives. Hall, of Victoria, a prominent
Liberal, undertook the task of introducing the amendment to destroy thc bill.
The vote is as follows. Journals, 1905.
April, page 115:
In Hall's amendment.
For—Mcinnes, Drury, Muhphy, Evans,
Taner,'Munro, Patterson, Wells, Hall,
Cameron, Tatlow, Cotton, Ellison, Garden, Grant.
Aga-nst-'J. A. Maedonald, Wilion,
Fulton, Brown, Henderson, Bowser, Taylor, McNiven, Hawthornthwaite, Fraser,
Wright, Davidson, Williams, Ross, Oliver, Young, McBride, Green, Gifford.
The following excerpt from the Daily
Herald (L'beral) is of interest as showing the position of certain Liberal leaders:
Mr. Hawthornthwaite's reconstructed
bill to amend the Coal Mines Regulation
Mr. Hall offered an amendment providing that "bonk" for the purpose of
this act shall mean the surface entrance
to a mine, except in the case of a vertical shaft, when it shall mean the foot
of the shaft. He explained that considerable time was taken up in conveying
a shift of men up and down a shaft,
and argued that this time should not be
included in the day's work under the
act Ic view of the competition existing u. the coal mining industry, he contended that the legislature should not
impose upon it any vexatious conditions
which might result disadvuntaKt-oualy to
the industry in this province. The amendment he proposed would be an advantage to the men as well as to the
operators of the mines, and would remove a condition from the bill which
might lead to the closing down of coal
mining operations.
Mr. William* did not think Mr. nail
knew very much about coal mining matters. Three-fourths of the coal mines
in tbj» state of Washington were working eight hour* a day at present, and,
as a mater of fact, the eight hour day-
had obtained in the Nanaimo collieries
for the laat fifteen years. The present
bill was calculated simply to continue
the system effectively.
Mr. Mcinnes said the bill of last year
was passed with the understanding that
it would not interfere with the collieries
of Vancouver Island. They now found
that it would very materially disturb
two of the Island mines. If the House
passed the present bill the law of last
session would have full force and effect
with respect to the Fernie mines. It
would also disadvantageously affect the
mines of Vancouver Island inasmuch as
it would cut fifty minutes from the
days' work of tho operatives, thus reducing their earning power. He agreed
with Mr. Hall' also that the condition
imposed might militate against the competing power of the local industry a*
against the coal mines on th* other side
of the line. The conditions of labor in
the coal mines of the Island were excellent and were so considered by miner*
who came from collieries in other parts
of the world. What reason was there
for disturbing the industry, and interjecting into it a possibility of trouble,
both for the operators and the men t
Mr. Wright moved the adjournment of
the debate.
sis and eleven Conservative* voted
against it. It will appear from these
votes that the reform party is not all
it is usually cracked up to be, a "friend
of Ubor."
Porker Wiliaius again introduced hi*
amendment to the Election* Act to reduce the deposit required for the candidate from "f-KMI to $50 but did not
succeed in carrying it beyond the second reading.
Hawthornthwaite'* Explosives Kegu-
latiou Act, 1905. which provides that explosives offered for sale shall have
-.tumped on them the date of manufacture and percentage nf the explosive material contained puttied the House without much opposition. Hi* bill providing for transportation of member* of
| the legislature and assesort met defeat,
and his "Master and Servant Act" and
"Shops Regulation Act" did not get beyond the third reading.
Parker Williams' amendment to the
"School Act" protecting tho farmers in
the E. A N. Railway Belt from material
increase in taxation in respect to education became law, as did Hawthorn th-
woito's amendment to the "Assessment
Act" reducing the rate upon the farm*
of the nsesscd value of $2,000 or under.
He wa* however unable to carry hi* amendment's to the "Workmen's Compensation Act" raising the amount of compensation up to $2,000. The following
report from the Daily Herald (Liberal*!
shows     the     position    of      prominent
friends of Labor" on the question-
Oliver, Maedonald and Patterson:
The Workmen's Compensation Act waa
further considered in committee.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite offered an amendment to allow claims for compensation in cases where men are killed or
injured on buildings of less than forty'
feet in hegbt .the act as it stood debarring claims unless the buildings were
over that height, which he considered a
manifest absurdity.
The amendment passed.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite proposed to enlarge the amount of compensation obtainable under the act from $1,500 to $2,000.
Mr. J. A. Maedonald disputed the wisdom of this proposal. He argued that
the act was practically an insurance for
workmen, and he thought it might be
going too far to increase the amount a*
suggested, especially in view of industrial conditions in the province, and the
desirability of avoiding anything calculated to discourage the investment of
Mr. Patterson thought the act was essentially wrong. Its principle was inde-
f. nsible. If employers were made liable
only in cases where men were injured
through their negligence, it would be
proper. It was not fair or reasonable
that they should be liable for accident*
due to carelesness of the men employed,
or at least to couses over which the employer had no control. If the amendment passed it would hove a serious effect on many industries which were
struggling to keep their head* above
Mr. Oliver objected that the inatwm
van out of order on the ground that
it wa-i a substantive proposition and
rot an amendment in the proper sense
of the term. The objection was overruled.
Mr. Patterson attributed a pronouncement to Mr. Hawthornthwaite that the
policy of his party wa* to wreck the
indu.'gries of the province, und he (Mr.
Patterson) thought members should be*
advised of this and guide themselves
an. i-dingly.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite said that in
making such a statement Mr. Patterson
was deliberately saying what he knew to
bc untrue.
Mr. Davidson and Mr. Wilinms supported the motion. The later argued
that the proposed enlargement in the
rate.of insurance to workmen was consistent with risks obtaining in the country.
Mr. Patterson sad he had been a workman all his life and knew more in ten
minutes about, the conditions obtaining
amongst them than the Socialist members could compass in a lifetime. He
advanced the statement that the honest
workmen of the province were not in
favor of the measure before the Houte.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite observed that
hs was perhaps deserving of Mr. Patterson's rebuke. The present legislation
was not Socialistic. It emanated from
the trade unions, wbo had not found
men among the Liberal party willing to
introduce it in the legislature. It was
argued that the bill was calculated to
embarrass the small capitalist. Personally he could not oppose it on tbat
ground, as the smaller capitalist was
being driven oat naturally through the
economic revolution now taking place.
There was nothing radical about the
piesent legislation. It had been adopted
by the most conservative countries in the
world. Even in Russiu laws existed for
tbe compensation of the workmen injured in accident, snd the dependents
of those wbo were killed.
Mr. J. A. Maedonald pointed out that
there were three courses open to workmen or their dependents suffering
through accident. At common law they
might lay claim for an unlimited amount; under the Workmen's Compensation Act they might claim up to the
an < nnt of their wages for three years;
and by the present bill they could claim
compensation ap to the extent of $1,500.
He did not think, in view of the nature
of the indemnity that the amount should
be increased.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite's amendment to
increase the compensation to $2,000 was
pat and caried on a mixed vote. The
amendment applied to cases where death
ensued as a result of injuries received.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite propesed the
tame increase in the compensation in
case of injuries which are not followed
by death. The amendment was rejected,
a number of those who supported the
first amendment not being in their
The bill was reported complete with
amendments.   (Afterwards lost.)
Among the many lying report* circulated by the opponents of the Social ist
representatives i« one to tho ef'ect thot
they tried to introduce to protect the
C P. R. in its functions of the M. A N.
Belt. The very opposite i» Mi* truth.
Tho .bill in question -/a* introduced by
Balnh Smith at Ottawa and the Social-
Ten Liberals and five Conservative* I i«t repttmmAatlve*. *™*^^***°*
voted for the amendment and .is Liber* J at the  toll -.in.   ...a  show to protect
provincial right* in the promise*. Journals.   1905, page 79.
Mr. no..tliomthwaite moved, n-icond-
ed by Mr. Williams.—
Whereas Ralph Smith, Member of the
House of Commons. Ottawa, has introduced a bill into the suid House, intituled "An Act respecting the Esquimalt
nnd Nanaimo Itnilway Company") and
Whereas the said bill contain* the following clause:— I
"9. Notwithstanding uny thing in tht*
Act, the Esqufmalt and Nunuiiuo Railway company shall not. for or by reason
or entering into the aa'd agreement or
selling its said railway thereunder. Is-
held, or deemed, or taken to have waived
or lost, or prejudiced, or affected in anywise howsoever any of the franchises,
rights, power*, authorities, exemptions,
grunt* and privileges held or pa*n**"Md
bv the Esquimalt nnd Nunnimo Railway
Companv ut the time of entering into
the said agreement nnd selling the said
line of railway, but al) such franchises,
rights, power*, authorities, EXEMPTIONS. GRANTS, and privileges shall,
notwithstanding the entering into of
»uch agreement nnd the completion of
such sale, remain exist, and continue
in full force and effect, unprejudiced and
unimpaired, for the benefit, profit and
advantage of the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Company;" and
Whereas the object of thin clause is
to prevent this l'l-ovince from exerting
and exercising it* power to tax the land
of the Enqiiimalt and Nanaimo Railway
Company, which jwing to the sale of the
said railway has now become open to
taxation; and
Whereas high legal opinion ha* doubtless been obtained by the Esquimau and
Nunnimo Railway Company that this
will bo the effect oaVthe |>ussag«< of said
legislation through the Dominion House;
Whereas it is a matter of vital importance that the Province should preserve
intact its right to tax the said Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway  Isand Bell;
Be it therefore Resolved, That thi*
House urge upon the Government the
necessity of taking such immediate step*
as it may deem necessary in the matter
to protect the right.', of the people of
this Province." ^^^~
Mr. J. A. Miu-doi, >Iil moved in amendment, seconded by Mr. Oliver, thot all
the words after the word 'Whereas' in
the first line of si.id Resolution be struck
out, and the following substituted therefor, vis. :—
"the Canadian Pacific Railway Company are seeking to have passed b.v the
Parliament of Canada a bill intituled
'An Act respecting the Esquimalt and
Nanaimo Railway Company,' which con*
toins the (..lowing clause:—
"Nothwithstanding anything in this
Act, the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Company shall not, for or b.v res*
son of entering into the said agreement
or selling it* said railway theeunder, tie
held, or deemed, or taken to have
waived, or lost, or prejudiced, or affect
ed in anywise howsoever any of the
fianrhises, rights, powers, authorities,
exemption*, cant* and privileges held or
possessed by the Esquimau and Nanaimo
Railway Company at the time of entering into the said agreement and selling
the said line of nvilwav. but all such
franchise*, rights, powers, authorities,
exemptions, grants, and privilege* shall,
notwithstanding the entering into of
such agreement and the completion Of
such sole, remain, exist and continue
in full force and effect, unprejudiced
and unimpaired, for the benefit, profit
an advantage of the Esquimau and Nanaimo Railway:
"Bc it therefore Resolved, That this
House urge upon the Government the
necessity of taking such immediate steps
as U may deem necessary in the mutter
to protect the right* of the people of
this Province."
Mr. Hawthornthwaite accepted the amendment in place of the origins! motion,
v-b'ch wa* then pnt and caried.
This session proved to be an interesting
one from the working-class standpoint.
The Socialists concentrated their efforts
in the House to obtain the enactment
of certain incisures broadening the
franchise and hence removing difficulties
from the path tc final emancipation.
Not the least important of these i* the
"Act to extend the Franchise to Women." Com. Hawthornthwaite introduced the measure in a speech of sev-
erol honr*' duration, covering the question from everv stnndtioint, historical,
economic und elhi-al. He wa* ably supported by Parker William*, and in a
half-hearted manner by one or two Libera!*. The onronents of the Bill, however, d'd not take up the debate but cist
n "silent vote." It t* noticeable thnt
the leader* of both old partie*. Richard
McBride and .1. A. Macdonnld, voted
against women having political freedom.
The Bill to rednee the election deposit
tenuired from candidate* from $200 to
$100 wa* also introduced bv Com. Hawthornthwaite and after a memorable
fight he succeeded in curt*,leg it throw?!*,
the House. The Labor men of British
Columbia have been advocating thi* reduction of the deposit for a number of
vears. Hi* efforts were a* u*tial strong-
lv opposed by the "reform party" whi-h
did not teem to relish the idea of the
working-clss* having political represon-
tation made easier for thorn. Everv cunning artifice that the legal mind nnd
training of 3 .A. Maedonald c nld *ng-
•»e«t to defeat the object aimed at by the
Rociali*t was put in practice. But in
spite of thi* malignant opposition the
amendment became law. Tbe following
is the vote upon the *eennd reading:
For—Tanner,   William*.    Archie   Mc-'
Donald. Yonng, Davidson. Garden. Bowser,   Gifford.   11*11,   McBride,   Taylor,
Macgowan.    Hawthornthwaite,    Wilson
Wright. Manson .--If).
Against J. A. Maedonald. Oliver.
Cameron. Ellison, King. Henderson. Tut-
low. Fulton. Brown, Munro. Cotton,
Grant, Murphy, Patterson, Jono*.-15.
Especially During Campaign Time
The Liberal outfit succeeded in
strangling the Bill in the committee of
the whole' House, where most of the
dirty work is dune in connection with
Labor measure* owing to the fart thai
vote* are not officially recorded. Com
Hawthornthwaite, however, wa* not *o
easily disposed of and moved "in the
open" that the Bill lie reinstated upon
the order* of tbe day, nnd won out on
the following vote:
For—Hawthornthwaite, Wilton, Green,
Under the piesent system of prip-
itiy Industry Is curried on for the
BOle purpose of brliitffhg profit lu tlu
ouiicra of the means uf production.
Profit la merely the getting of
something for nothing.
In order that one person may gel
something for nothing another person or persona mutt give something
fur nothing.
Tills Is self-evident.
Thu profits accruing to the master*
of wealth production are measured In
Hit, uiuu-ilul things produced by those
whose lubor carries on the Industrial
Into these material things Is coined
the very live* ot the laborers.
They produce the wealth; their
masters, the capitalists,  take It.
Thnt is how tho latter obtain their
sacred profits from which they wax
!!••)( und fat In appearance and great
In pomposity und power.
What the capitalist gets costs him
nothing: the laborer pays the bill.
A similar happy arrangement once
existed betwixt the chattel Slavs and
his master.
Later on It was the same between
feudal lord an serf.
Now ll Is the capitalist snd ths
The capttullst Is master; the worker
a slave.
The modern slave gets his wages,
which are equivalent to the expense of
lils "keep"' while he works.
When he has no job, I. e., master,
he guts nothing.
Ills wages are paid out of th* pro-
    ..  - .UL'.
Williams, Houston. Garden, McBride.
Bowser, Tavlor, Davidson, Fr***r.
Wright. Hall, Boss, Young. Tsnner, A.
McDonald, Young. Gilford. Macgowsn.
Shutford. Grant,  Manson.-M.
Again*'-J. A. Maedonald. Oliver.
Munro. Drury. King. Brown, Murphy,
Jones, F,vans, Patterson. Well*. Cameron. Tatlow. Elliwin; Clifford. Henderson.
Oliver next resorted to a clever **•"»♦
to defeat the Bill and cover ap the
tracks of the Liberal humbug* by placing upon the orders thc following resolution. Of course he never devised the
scheme himself; thi* wa* dose bv tb*
lawyers of the party, and it tickled
Oliver"* savaio vanity fo have people
believe that the clever ple^e of trt-kery
was hi«. It will be noticed that if thi*
resolution had pissed Hawthornthwaite"*
measure would have been defeated, b*t
Oliver's suggestion would not have become law. 'iTii* dirty trick is a fair
sample of many resorted to by the "reform party,"
Records Fehruarv 27. tttt. Pa*?* 74:
Tlie rnpert on Bill .No. st iatitnled
"An Act to amend the 'Provin<-l*,l Election*   Act,'"   wa*   considered.
Mr. Oliver moved in amendment Hint
sll the wirds if th* re-mlultoit after the
first word. "That." lie «tmrk ont. and
th« feU'wiri word* lie substituted there-*
'or: "whereas tht **«tem of renrearnta-
live trnvernreent presnptsise* that tbe
legislator* slnll 1»« remposed of persona
n urewnt-nK a majority of the elerter*
in  the «eversl cn*tit«en<'l»*»:
"And where** in the pa*t it hs* been
■teemed expedient lo require s deposit
• f two handred dollar* to be made with
•he rct'irning officer hy or on behalf of
each candidate at the time of hia nomination, whi'h .aid deposit was te be
forfeited if the candidate ten whose behalf such den. ail was model did not re-
-eive at least one-half a* m*nv vote* a*
the siic.T~.sfnl candidate who had receiv.
ed the smallest nnml*»r of rotes:
"And whereas tbe renoiring of saeb
befere-ment'oned deposit, or *ny de-
r>esit. is filiieetionable tn many electors:
"Therefore be it resolved, that thi*
rTnorM i* of the opinion that St is desirable to so amend the Statute* relating
t* election* that only candidate* reeelv-
ln? over one-half of the vote* polled st
the election at which tbey are candidate*
shall lie elected a* memlier* of the
fesislativo Assembly, and that the de.
tv-sit of r-vo hundre-l dollar* by or on
liehalf of the candidates now required
l.v law be abolished."
Defeated on the following division:
For- Drury, King. Brown. McNiven,
Murphy, Jones, Evans, Oliver, J. A.
Mn-donald, Henderson, Munro, Pater-
son. Wells.-IS.
Ag'iinst Tanner, Davidson, Hall.
Hawthornthwaite. William*. Tatlow,
11 Hride, Cotton. Houston, Clifford,
Bowser, I'rawer, Rows, A. McDonald,
Oreen, Fulton. Garden, Taylor, Wright,
Young, Gilford, Macgowan, Shatford.
Grant, Manson.—25.
The report wa* .adopted. Third ..read-
ing the following dav.
Com. William* Ineffectually tried in
this session to amend the "8moU Debt*
Act" so a* lo protect the wage* of employees from the iniquitous garniihee
system. In the discussion upon thit
measure the gallant Bowser distinguished himself by expressing the opinion
Ihnt $35 a month won "quite enough"
for a workingman, and bii family, to
live upon. J. A. Mscdonold, leader of
the Liberal party, followed his usual
cowardly tactic* of sneaking away when
the time came to vote. When accused
of thi* al Rossland by Com. Hawthornthwaite he explained that he had been
I "working hard all session nnd required
a holiday." ne certainly had been
working hard to defeat anv msatures
designed for the protection of the workors and should be given a lengthy radii ion. The following it the rote:
Record* January 24, |f*Bg, Page 17.
Tho report on Bill (No. 10) intituled
"An Act to amend the 'Small Debt*
Act,'" wit* considered.
Mr. Williams moved to add the foi-
lowing new section:
"8. Section r, of the said chapter IS
of the. Statute* of 1001 is hereby amended, l.v adding thereto, at the end thereof, the following words: 'Provided always, thnt this section shall not apply
to anv debt not exceeding $100 due, or
accruing duo, to a mechanic, workman,
lalsirer. servant, clerk, or employee, for
or in respect „f wages or lolaries.*"
duct of Ills own labor, tlwrefort ht
pay* his own wage*.
This 1* In turn equivalent to working for mulling and "keeping" i,-,,,.
(.If      .
The profits ot the master also come
from the product of the slave*' labor.
This represents the prlc* n.., ijwj
pays for the privilege of working for
nothing and "keeping" himself.
The musters ar* tew; the staves
Ths former oould not retain their
soft snap    without    the lutt. r., con-
Periodically tbe slaves have an opportunity to withdraw their content.
This la termed an election of pan-
On officials.
Must ot the slaves refuse at the**
times to withdraw  their CtOosant,
They are quite satisfied lo work
for nothing. "k*ep" themselves ni„l
pay through the nose for the privilege.
The musters nre equally willing
they should.
This shows the Identity nt Interest
bet ween master snd slave.
The willing slave Is ju*i merely •,,.
ass who has hind legs only.
As the four-legged as* la not i.itu.
geiher willing to pack hla loud ear*
tnin apol igle* are due blm.
He Is hereby assured that no Insult
I* Intended.
It requires something more than his
nwn unsufferabl* Ignorance to hold
him to his task.
All of Which Is greatly to his cr.Mli
Hut the ass with hind legs only*—
well life is short snd forceful ad-dire*
altogether too fow.
Crack him if you can.
Negatived on the following tttvltiea:
Por- King. MrNlvea. Murphy, Jen**,
Tanner. Davidson. Henderson. \V*!I,,
Csmeru*, Hawthornthwaite. Withsjas,
McBride. Wilson, llou«t.,n. Orsas
Wright.   M.
Against--Drury, Brown. Rvans. Oliver,
Psterwon. Hall. Tatlow, Cotton, Rlliaas,
Clifford. Bowser. Fraser, R.»», Pulton.
Gsrdea, Taylor, Young, Ma. {.an.
Shstford. Grant.  Ma»«,n   -II.
Haftthornthwaite'* "AtnbuUnr* tit"
p**a*ed and I* sow law. It piwrUsd (Jul
oetty b*aas* in tbe num., iiiiiiiwb. 4r»
'*■*•#•«. •h-.l-lirhter*. etc.. shmild ssdsr-
•ii sn examination alio* in* their pre.
Icien.-y tn giving first "aid tu the
wounded" in mining accident* Thi*
■till ws* n,t strongly opposed s* trrlsg
'•> lhe Compensation Act smployers ar*
liable for injury to their workr-r. >n.|
•herefore it i* Ui their inteir*,' to have
the ar-r'dest* of s* light » nature a.
"*f>*»ib!e. ard a number uf men n ,« Ire
their live* through rr.an bandlmr and
expoaur* after receiving lhe Brat la J an
Tb* following amendment in rev-trd tn
-duratiosal facilities i* of int*-re^t lt
•ill be noticed Ibal on* I ilwrsl »,i»er|
»lth tbe government «.»»•.■'
.mend-sent, and that other* did
Mr.   Hsathorstbwaitn  •.,.■,.,I  lbs
'owing a*  a new   sxHesi
"*. Nothine contained in thi* Aft
■onfer upnn the MrXlili l'ni«»":ti •'"!-
'•are of British Colnmbia ant saerifJ
orivilege* or power* . r an. <• Mr.l H
the public edit- .1.-,nil htStltatia** »f
thi* Provie e.""
N'egstived on the follow in.* divitrien:
Yeas Brown. M.Nireo, Marpey,
Jones, Kvaas, Tsnner. Davidson, Oliver,
J. A. Mjudonald. llend«r*on. Pater***,
Hall,   Cssnwroa,   Hawthorn.!,* • Htt*
•an.-— 1*.
Ne»* King. Tatlow. M-11 rid*. rVilaea,
''etten, Clifford, Bowser. Ro**. A McDonald. Ilr«»», Pulton. Garden. s**lar,
Wright. Young. Macgowan. Great, Mas
raw   II.
Mr. Davidson'a Act to give *tat*t*r
workers a* eigbt*h»ur day «■ aWf**ttd
in spite of th* tamest snd aW* rfert
of it* introducer. It i* noticeable, hoe-
ever, that it only met *W*«t bj t*»
rotes, aad Ike aeat *«*»»ion of the House
is certain to witness its rtaaetraest, provided, of eourwe. thst the working-d»«'
do their dat* at lhe *«l'» >\\' that
-tiimcient  representatives.
Tbe ad)"timed debate on  the   «*
reading of  Bill  (No.  f»l  intituled
act  regulating  the  Hour* of  l-ehol
certain Induttri*-*," was resumed
The^**.oml  reading  was n.-gaiire
the fotlowing division:
Y***-~Drury, King. Brown. M< V'"».
tea**, Davidson. J. A. Mwdonal.1. Henderson. Well*, Cameron. Il.*,'"'r"
thwsit*. Williams. Wilson. Drees. <**'"
ten, Young, Manson.— IT.
Nay* Murphy. Tanner. Olivet
ro. Peterson. Hall. Tatlow.
Cotton. Rllison, Clifford. Bowter, I ra*»r,
Ross, A. McDonald, Pulton, Tail-i. Mac
gowan. Grant.   19. .
Com. Williams* amendment In '"'
"Master snd Servant Act" (think of live slaves!) providing a bi-weetl*- !"■*-
day, carried on the second renilinK »
the following vote:
Yeas-Brow*. McNiven. Jones. nv*tit,
Davidson, Olivsr, J. A. Madonahl.« **■
eron, Hawthornthwaite. Willi*""*, f1"'
Bride. Cotton, Fraser, Rest. Taylor,
Wright.  Young, Gifford.  M.anson._"■■
Nays-Drary. Tanner, Patermn,W» •
nail. Tatlow. Rllison, Clifford, l*">"*['
A. McDonald, Fulton. Macgowan, tIrani*
When, however, it came te the committee stage five out of the seven
ernls who had voted tet It swung retnie
^^^^^^      fiingi™
il  nn
\(, Bride,
 r_ nd.
.otod aia'lnTf It and *^^t*mw men
it,   It is more thsn probable the*** ™
onlv   voted   for  the fiiW  I*  *• "j£
believing that   the   government   »
havo lieen defeated  upon  the < '"»
A  Weatern BUI *nd that thi* X^*
labor legislation would have tl«J   »
by the board,''  l»«t they  would   »
"saved their fac*." „nrk
It it. of course, impos* ble   " »      f.
of thi* nature to deal ful >' with',
fort* of tho Socialist party m thi  '
House.    Enough has been -i"» "'■    ,h,
ever, to show the untiring nature
work done by the comrades anfl
olonelv  they adhered  under a"    »      h
stance* to the party tilfttform-   »*'    ^
has  ol»o  been  quoted  as  showing
position    taken   bv   Con*»mt [«•
Lilierals alike on Ubor legi*.'""-"''


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