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The Western Clarion Jun 30, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
r«t» ••
subscription Prl.-e
Ps« va*.
Tke Elect al Propaganda That is not Pounded Upon a Clear
Undemanding ot Capitalism and the Part the Wage
Slave Plays ia Nuaiaa Society.
During the past seven weeks I have
visited 22 cities and towns in the Province of Ontario In the Interest of the
Socialist I'arty of Canada. Local Toronto assumed the responsibility of the
..«,,ente of the trip. A great deal of
■•.lint I. termed Socialist propaganda
hus been carried on for some time
ihn.UKh the older and better settled
*,;,rtt of the  Province.    There  waa
Urns « hen the 8. L. P. and C. 8. Ij. had
organlsationa In  most     of the  Inrger
plai aa   Ureal Toronto was desirous of
knowing  to what  extent  such  propa-
ganda had afforded Its victims a kriow-
|..,IK<   of  how   labor  Is  robbed   of  Its
product, and how fur such knowledge
could 1-e counted on  to  have Impre.-
*..,l tbem with a eonaclou.ne.. of the
correct tins of action to follow in order
lu re.lr.t. the grievance and a. speed-
ily a* possible erect safeguard, agnln.t
It* . .mtlriuanec.    A survey of the field
fully warrants the assertion that litest
tariter  piopagnndlata  have lhem»elvet
been  floundering in  the wilderness of
economic   fog and     confusion.    They
true evidently not been fired with the
revolutionary  spirit   and, -have  Cones
I fluently not been qualified to cut their
•.m-.a-randa    with    the    needs       and
| rfiulrements of the proletarian caure.
My i onclustonoa are that much of" tho
propaganda hitherto carried on In the
liume   of    Socialism     hn.    not     only
Ihccti without value   from a revolutlon-
\m)  standpoint,      but ha. been  detrl-
[infi.tal to the cause which can accom-
ll'llsh   lit   purpose   only      through   the
complete  abolition  of  capitalist   prop-
|.rty and the wage .y.tem.
To the  average   propagandist,   capl-
Itnl and  capitalist   property  appear  to
IU   unknown      qu.-inlltlea.    These   are
.I.-, at a rule .ynonymou. with  prl-
|v:it.    pfupsfty,      The    Individual,    that
npilne   the   cupltall.l   da*,   are   re.
|fer j. .| to at monsters whose Inhumnii-
Ity to man "make, counties, thoiitandt
■ mourn."   and   Unit   «>< mints     for     the
|rnl»rry and degradMllon of the working
i Ian-.     He apptars entirely oblivlout to
the  fad   thut  the  eapltall.t   it   merely
the creators of hi. . .ipitai and mutt
(ti.i what hit property Intartata dictsta
|r.'Kar.||.tt of lit effect  U|«>n the  wag«-
tsrner,    Soma  who  have passed  the
StSg. of abuting Individual capltallttt
the ■ ..ut. of human misery, .till
Ming ts the Idea that private property
I* tl..- thing that esplt.lt. the worker-..
fl h. >• liave evidently not discovered tht
kUffrrtnce bttWSSn private and cnpltat-
m property, in dealing with graeri
persons, when the attempt It made to
'"'it out the difference I u.ually have
fy  nttention   called   to   the   8   .1*   P.
•Intform. or other like authority, with
ridiculous asssertlon "that private
property in the material, tource. nf
[■reduction and In the in.trument. of
labor. 1. the obvious cause of all SOO-
iirtile  servitude  and  f-olltlcal  depend-
net, "As such authorities are u.u-
My fathered by .hy.ter lawyer., doc-
'r*. profenaors or parton.. It Is. ot
praise, bad tactics, if not downright
petumptlon upon the part of a work-
"K i 'in- like myself. As there appenrt
me a vast difference between prl-
fiie and cnpltallat property I am com-
'ii.-d to Auction such authorities re-
^nrdle.t   of  the   danger   of  nppenrliig
Much of the propaganda Indulged In
Itrstofora throughout the Province of'
pntario im. led to the belief Ihnl the
Drummer I. the fellow who ha. bsstl
Jxplolttd or robbed. Thi. .ort of ttuff
'iiitt bt gotten out of people', head,
wort they can entertain any correct
notion of the fact that eapltall.t
|r"i>.*rty Uvea and thrive, solely by
'hindering   the  clasa   that      produce.
"''ih,   the   working  els...      I   have
an n.ked during my recent trip ff I
|l."ii«l,i "HiMitevelt would ever declare
klmtelf ft Hoclall.t, or would he nm-
■nut to fight the Socialist battle from
Imler cover a. he Is now doing?" »»th-
l- have .aid that McLean, editor and
"prletor of the Toronto World, In M
ood a Socinlist ns, and Is doing more
|^r ths causa than any other mnn In
iniida.   Of course he don't .ay he I.
Boclalltt That would not be good
JM-llea and would hamper him In his
Tork, Pretty soon he will declare hlm-
"" and then we will have a dully 8o-
l'"ll.t paper In Toronto." It ha. evl-
lently not been made clear to such por-
l"»a that from a working class point
If view there Is but one .ouroe uf
lobbery, and thnt takes place when
worker surrenders hi. Inbor-pow-
|r fur wages. In other words he Is
F'bbed a. producer nnd not aa n
Jon.umer, Thnt which stand, between
■lie workers and thc product, of their
|'l">r I. capitalist property to which
■•"'uie must be paid in the form of
["'plus value extracted from wage
fl'"ir. Capitalist property Implies wage
Roosevelt. Mc-
h''1" and their Ilk never even intimate
11:>t tho wage system should be over-
sprown, Nothing short of this will
prevent the robbery of the working
l"i"t. To bring thnt robbery to un end
tht mlatlon of the Soclnllat move
r"'. Itooseveltlam and Mclean tom-
f'li'ry nare no guch purp0M i,, vloWi
Mo.t of the converts of thla early
P'"l'iiganda are firm believer. In the
I mas strugglo In the economic field.'
f»'i the necessity of the workers hav
Ing an economic organization with
which to wage their side of It. To
support their contention they quote.
The Burning Que.tlon of Trades-unionism," "8octall.rn and Trades-unionism" and the preamble and other productions emanating from the convention of a year ago, which brought forth
the 1. W. W. I have tried in my awkward way to explain to them that economic organization of necessity implies
economic power, 1. e.. control of
Wealth production, and the wage slave,
have no such control. Therefore economic organisation with them Is lin-
I>>-kh||,i-. Kconomic organization without economic power 1. a palpable ab-
Hurility. It l. in no tense of the word
an economic organisation although It
may be an organization for the purpose
of obtaining .uch power. Wage worker, are merely peddler, of the commodity, labor fKiwer, and their organisations, whether celled "pure .m.)
simple" or 'Industrial,*' and purely
combinations et sellers endeavoring to
obtain the best possible price for their
wriret. Capitalist, do. however. possess economic power. They control thc
mean, of production and therefore
command the service, of the army of
industry. Their workerR In mill, factory, mine, etc., conttltutc their economic organization. It It the only economic organization poaelble. With the
control of that organization In the
hand, of capitalist! the workers mutt'
■ubmli to exploitation and accept auch
wage. a. the circumstance, of the lnlior market may determine. Their
< ontrol of Induttry depend, solely upon
their ability to retain their hold upon
the power, of the State. They can
maintain .uch control only while they
h.ve government at their beck and call
to enforce their decree and repress any
I rebellious move upon ih part Of th.*ir
i workmen. If the worker, an- to obtain
j economic power they mutt first obtain
control of the liittrument by which tlv
' cnpltalltt clat. enforces It. program
and maintains itt economic dominion
over them. That Instrument Is Government and the SOonST the worker, get
down to th.* business of obtaining control of It the sooner will th.y realise
their economic dream.. The Struggle
u|«m the worker.' part I. to oust the
eapltall.t. from the control of the
state.    All  the  rest 1. easy.
In thi. country of magnificent dls-
l.ii.. ... and n.att. r.-.i population It it
neither an easy matter to organize or
to keep an organization together after
It It laum hed. The expense of sending
t|-eakcr. mound thc country Is of nc-
lettity heavy because of long dittanies
to travel beta)sen town.. Unless the
various local, can be kept In touch
by mean, of inter-communlcatlon there
In danger of them falling to pieces.
The Western Clarion affordt a convenient mean, for Local, and comrade, throughout the Dominion to keep
In close touch with each other and
the movement In general. They should
use it. column, liberally for this purpose.
Outside of Toronto, during my trip.
I met a* comrades nnd heard of abmn
130 more. I distributed about 400 copies of the Western riarlon. Owing to
lack of fund, i wn» forc.-d to abandon
the trip with a very large field untouched. Financial .tatenieiit Of the
trip I. a. follow.:
Total  expense IIM -'■
Hamilton Comrades 1
HeriouB consideration by either man or
While the movement In the east Is
nut go far advanced a. In the west the
pressure of events 1. forcing it to the
front and the time It not distant when
the voice of labor demanding It. own
will be heard In the legislative hall, of
the eastern province, aa well aa In
I'rltlsh  Columbia.
Cambourne,  Ont., June  10,  190B.
The Urchin mine closed down last
week, and about 150 men In Nanaimo
are now walking the street., many of
tbem waiting until it suit, the convenience of the Western Fuel Company to pay their wage., in order that
they may clear out of the city and go
to Soma centre ln the hunt for a master.
Previous to the shut-down, which i.
explained by the company a. due to
a lessened demand for coal caused by
the 'Frisco disaster, there waa a .light
scarcity of labor and the men were
temporarily enjoying a good time.
When th.- announcement was made
that  th.-   Brechin was     to be closed
down, one of the bosses In the mine
(a wage slave surely, but one getting
a few extra crumbs and in consequence
troubled with a capitalist mind), said
to the men (forking und'-r him. "Now,
it't our turn," and already with a surplus army of workers on lhe market,
the company hat commenced to Intensify labor. Men have been "howklng"
coal hitherto for the princely remuneration of t'2.60 per day. The company
alleges that there has been some loafing and now Insist on thia work being
Performed by contract at the uniform
rate of 35 cent, per ton regardless of
unequal conditions existing In different parts of the mines, and the company will, no doubt, come out ahead
on thia ik'ai.
Some of the men employed in the
Brechtn have been started ln the other
mines (No. l and Providence), but
about -JoO are Idle, and the first question asked  after the mine closed  was,
"When shall we get our money?" It
wan rumoied last week that wagea
would be paid on Saturday, and many
who were contemplating leaving town
for other places were rejoicing at the
prospect of not being kept waiting.
But on Saturday morning it was made
known that wages would not be paid
until the regular pay day (about the
7th of July).
At this a number set out to interview the magistrate (who happens also
to bc the company's lawyer), and were
politely told that he could do nothing:
they had better consult a lawyer.
Saturday afternoon the men went in
a body to the office to demand their
money, but the manager "had gone out
shooting," and although they kept the
office staff busy for a couple of hours
nothing could be done with the clerks,
and In the meantime tbe police had
been fetched, and as the men were
Dot seeking trouble, they dispersed, after deciding to demonstrate in front of
the manager's house in the evening.
In the evening, however, they were
either hoaxed or aome men had been
busy, for they were Informed that a
notice wa. posted at the mine, stating
that they would be paid on Monday.
Monday arrived, but the pay did not.
and a few who do not wish to loaf
round here for the company", conven-
lence consulted a lawyer, and this
(Tuesday) morning received from him
the money coming to them, less, of
course, tht* 10 per cent., lawyer's collection feea, which meant one day's
pay from every man. and a tidy haul
for the lawyer. Others are still loafing
round, increasing their board bills, and
hoping that the company will pay
them soon. A few of the "wise ones"
are suggesting that perhaps a visit by
Italph Smith and McKenzie King
might have some result.
Socialists can stand by and watch
the consternation among some of the
"pure and simples" with some amusement. The latter thought the fight
here last year settle! matters, but today the bosses are seeking shelter
from the crowd of men seeking jobs.
Some day they will learn their lesson.
Yours fraternally,
J. T. S.
Comrade Austin Lewis af California Writes laterestiafly af
Impressions Receive. During bis Recent Trip Fraai
Vancouver Through the Wilds of the Interior.
Prom other place..
II mi
B ;'n
Total   * -> tl
Thi. leaves a balance, for Toronto
i-ociil to pay, of im oo. Thlt leaves an
unfair share of the expense to bc borne
by the Toronto comrade.. As Wt art
all equally Interested In thc movenunt
each one should natlst In bearln-- Unburden of egpsftts.
I attended two of the business meet-
ing. »f IjihuI Toronto. This Local has
a JSWisb and Flnnlah brunch. The
Toronto comruilcs are a fine lot und
are  doing excellent  work.
Hamilton has a good Local, and a
persistent and vigorous propaganda Is
carried on ngninst great odds. A ■pec-
la] by-law of the city prohibits the
holding of street meetings. This Is
quite In line with capitalism's conception of what a people's liberties should
be. Theoretically they may own their
street, and roadways, but shall not
be allowed to use them without thc
permission of their masters, l organised a Local nt Ucrlln. Guelph ciun-
rades havo u Local organisation not
affiliated with tho party. Their propaganda has evidently been of the
most Utopian kind, but there are a lot
Of bright yung fellows among them
who are not only anxious to understand the revolutionary movement, but
determined to move forward und become a pari of H-
Preston and Halt comrades have a
small local between them. Tbey have
among them tome Of the most advanced comrade.  I  met     during iny  trip.
Lindsay hn. * •mall LoosJ, >'<■» few
active workers, and who thoroughly
understand capitalist property und Its
method of taploHfttlon. The °omrades
of Peterborough, London and St. I nomas will bo uble to organ" In the
near future nnd because active worK-
ers In the only movement worthy of
Caused   by  the   Exposures  ol   Filth   and   Ratteaaess
Connection With   the   Packing of   Meat   Products
by   the   Beef  Trust.
Last week the writer stated that thc ' he had been  "Insubordinate"  In refus-
Inspectlon Of meat, or for that matter, the iMpeetlon of almost anything
else, was not to be relied on because
the majority of inspector, cannot resist
bril.es and the honest inspector will
sooner or later lose his Job. Ijest thl.-s
statement should be considered the wild
nulling of a Socialist fanatic ttv.-re Is
quoted below corroborative evidence
taken from the Winnipeg Telegram of
Jun. 13th. Cpton Sinclair, In the current number of Collier's places the
greater part of the credit for tbe present activity in reforming the filthy
poison factories of .''ucklngtown to
having th" courageous Teddy in the
sidential chair. He Is wrong, aa the
qui.tat ion   below will prove.
Washington, June 12. — The beef
scandal continues the only topic of
<oii nt sat ion in official circles. President Roosevelt and James Wilson. Secretary of Agriculture, did hot need a
lensallona] novel to Inform them of
Ihe necessity for a reorganization of
the meat Inspection service of the bureau of animal Industry in western
packing houses. Not only onoe, but
many times, were the president, Mr.
Wilton and the former chief of the
bureau   Informed that   the   service  was
radically wrong; was    conducted by
persons who were habitually negligent
and managed In such a manner as to
endanger the public health. This information was conveyed lo them all
officially by one of the best known Inspectors   In   the  service.     He   appealed
for reformation to the chief of the bu-
leail. to Mr. Wilson and to the president.
The man who gave tht government
the Information which should have
led to the reformation years ago In-
sten.l of now, Is Dr, J. C. Mllnes. a
trained veterinarian, who wus In the
service from 1S96 until 1905. and was
stationed  nt  various times  nt   Kansas
city, Leavenworth, Wichita, Waterloo
ami Chcago.
Ur. Mllnes seems to hnve been u
conscientious worker for the government He deemed It to be the duty or
an Inspector to Inspect. He became
unpopular with the puckers In Whose
yards he wu. performing Inspection
duty, and also performing Inshrdslir
duty, and aim with Inspectors under
him. He merely reporter abuses to
the bureau nt Washington In order to
remedy the evils that seemed to him
to be particularly flagrant. He nlsn
curt-led out his order, to Inspect all
animals killed and to condemn those
afflicted with tuberculosis, and order
them to the "tank," where the steam
la turned on nnd they are reduced to
fertiliser. In this way Or. Mllnes
came under the suspicion of the department ns a trouble maker.
Finally the sword fell on Ur.
Mllnes. Dr. Salmon recommended his
removal on the ground thut he was
"erratic, arbitrary and ungovernable!»
the meat Inspection.;" that he had
been in the habit of using "disrespectful and slanderous language," ami Uml
ing to prepare a certain statement.
The Secretary of Agriculture cited
Dr. Milnes to make reply by January
3rd. Dr. Milnes defended himself before the secretary, but was finally removed under date of February 15th,
In all the correspondence which
followed Mr. Milnes placed above the
question of his reinstatement the question of improving the service of cattle
and meat Inspection in the Interest of
the public. Being now a dismissed
employee, his communications received
scant   consideration.
Dr. Milnes sought and obtained a
personal Interview with Secretary
Wilson. What was uppermost in his
thoughts was a desire to interest the
secretary ln improving the inspection
which has now suddenly become the
greatest of national questions.
"I will talk to you about your case,
but not about Inspection," exclaimed
the Secretary of Agriculture. "I don't
want to hear about inspection."
Dr. Milnes then began to make appeals to Mr. Roosevelt to have an Inquiry into packing house conditions.
These appeals were Ignored, evidently
through the influence of Secretary
Wilson. Dr. Mllnes asked for a square
deal, and never got lt. He finally sent
to the president at Oyster Ray charges
against the Secretary of Agriculture,
but he knows that the charge, reached
the office of the president at Oyster
Hay, because he has the registry receipt.
Under date of February 2nd. 1905. Dr.
Mllnes wrote to Mr. Roosevelt ns follows:
"Mr. President, the situation 1. exactly this: Had I sacrificed my manhood and stooped to do dishonorable
things, by violating my oath of office,
by becoming a pnrticep. crlmlnl., as
It were, to Incompetent service, demoralizing graft, und many other things.
I would still be a member of the bureau and in good standing." — Winnipeg Telegram, June lSth.
• •   •
Ia lt not strange that the food factories owned by some of the "best
men" of the United States, "prominent
citizens" und "pillars of society" should
require to be Inspected to prevent
them from selling poison for food? Is
It any wonder that the Inspectors
themselves require Inspecting? Of
course the pillars of society on this
tide of the line are better than the
other. Why, of course. Still It would
be Interesting to know what becomes
of the lumpy-jnwed and otherwise diseased cattle and .polled meat. Of
course such stuff Is not .old for food.
Perish the thought!
• •   •
There Is not the tiniest atom of
pity coming to the poor dear consumer
except In the case of the Socialist whn
knows the cause and sceB the remedy,
but Is prevented by the stupidity of
the "great public" from applying It.
There Is ulso u side of thc shield about
By Austin Lewis.
A limited tour gives but few opportunities for generalizations, that ls, if
one is at all particular about his generalizations, and is not merely anxious to make copy. Still, I saw enough
in the course of an eight day's trip
from Vancouver through the Boundary
District to convince me that the question of the day in British Columbia is
—SOCIALISM. The Revolution is the
one matter which Is absorbing tbe attention of proletarian and capitalist
One heard it on the railroad car, in
the hotel, at the union headquarters
and practically everywhere where
men congregate. It waa no nebulous,
sentimentalist, municipal owneranip,
either of which men spoke.
The clearness of the issue wa.
more manifest than I have ever known
It, in the twenty years or so for which
the movement haa claimed my interest
and adherence. Even the staid old
Church of England in it. Diocesan synod ln the Kootenay district was rocked by the temblor of Socialist discussion, and many reverend gentlemen
have gone back to their parishes by
no means sure as to the side on which
their bread ls buttered — not quite
settled in their minds as to whether
they ought to put their money on the
proletarian horse as a stayer. Socialism and the proposed visit of Hawthornthwaite — these were the two absorbing subjects.
At Revelstoke, after a drive through
that over-long borough in a hotel bus,
I find myself without breakfast and
without Socialist acquaintances. The
former I never got It was half an
hour after the regular breakfast time
and the hotel management politely but
firmly declined to consider my appetite. The Socialist friends I found in
the following manner: Approaching a
likely looking workman, I asked him
if he knew of any Socialists In town.
He had heard of aome, but did not
know any. I felt quite at home with
him. His Intelligence reminded me
with painful acutenes. of the sort of
thing which I had struggled with In
the South of England in earlier and
more enthusiastic days. Finally. a
gleam of triumph flashed across his
wrinkled physiognomy and pointing to
his driver he told me that there was
the local depository of Socialist information. I braced up to the driver, and
he put me through a sort of preliminary examination upon tbe essential
difficulties between Socialism and anarchism. After passing this to his evident satisfaction he undertook to make
me free of the guild. So I met Comrade Siegfried and from him learnt
much of value with respect to the locality and its possibilities. As the comrade pointed out, and, as the very fair
meeting ln the evening showed, Revelstoke is a hard town to organize. The
railroad influence makes the personal
activity of local men somewhat difficult, if not practically impossible on a
steady basis. Revelstoke is a sort of
small Sacramento, just as Nelson ir,
and such towns are most difficu'.. The
cure for the conditions lies tn, I olster-
Ing up the voters from the outside.
The town of Revelstoke should be
nursed by the Provincial Secretary and
Socialist literature ahould be passed
in to it by unfaltering persistency.
In that way the local comrades would
be encouraged and, when the election
returns were in, the results of the literary campaign would be manifest.
If I, a niece visitor, might be pardoned the suggestion, I would recommend
the comrades of Revelstoke to subscribe for as many CLARIONS as they
can afford and have them mulled regularly to the inhabitants ot their
town. That the field ls not unpromising appeared very clearly from the audience which collected gradually, with
that diffidence and churnilng modesty which regard a quarter to nine us
the correct time for appearing at tin
eight o'clock lecture. Rut slow ua the
audience was in gathering, It left little to be desired, except perhaps lu
point of numbers. It was quick to set-
see the point, and had an appreciation
of social facts which many more pretentious audience, do not possess. In
fact I have appeared before many so-
called Socialist meetings which had
much  less  real  comprehension of  the
which "the consumer" does not stir
himself, the aide of the men and women and children who have to work
In the filthy den. of the beef trust at
.tarvation wages. The reformers have
nothing to say against the brutal
treatment by foremen to which tho
women must submit or lose their jobs
or starve; they have nothing to »uy
about the depth of degradation and
mLery In which thc vast majority ot
the workers are sunk, nothing as to
tho speeding up and consequent exhaustion of the poor slaves of the system. The worker, mu.t save themselves. Reform will not stead. The
whole capitalist system must be overturned before embalmed beet, adulterated food, shoddy clothes, poverty,
misery nnd degradation can be abolished. Only when the workers own
the mean, of production, nnd, therefore, own the product, can this be done.
Speed the day.
Socialist point of view. There is no
question that the Socialiat comradea
of Revelstoke have been weU taught.
In fact all through the country they
hav - been exceptionally well trained. I
hed--' none of that futile discussion,
tha: sectarian balderdash which Is so
Often the bane of the movement. There
V-SjJ not even the tendency to make s
religion out of a matter of fact poUU-
cal issue. There Is no doubt that the
acknowledged So.laii.te have the
course charted properly and It will require very stupid handling and Incredible bungling if they ever get off tha
track. Philosophical discuasiona aa to
whether one might have two good suits
and still be a Socialist; or the burning
question as to whether personal friendship with a politician's aunt debars mm
from membership in the party, did net
once crop up. Somehow I missed them,
for a week or two before, these or other
equally stimulating conundrums, hsd
been laid before me with demands for
immediate solution. On the whole, Revelstoke, though a difficult town. Is a
promising one. The question waa, however, frequently asked all along the
route if it were hopeless to effect e
flourishing organisation et Kamloops.
(Continued Next Week.)
A cable from Paris last Sunday
much public concern ia felt over ths
prediction of Jules Guesde, the Socislist leader, that France will be under
the domination of his psrty in me.
This concern is not lessened by the
fact that Guesde is not addicted to Idle
vaporing. "The French laboring people," he says, "may look forward calmly to the aolutlon of the aocial problem
not later than 1910. Three millions of
French votes will be behind the program of capitalist expropriation by
that time, if not earlier. The continuation of middle claaa government of
whatever kind will no longer be permitted. Matters will have arrived at
such a pass then that the government
itself will be driven into the corner.
That will provoke an Immediate struggle, for naturally the government In
its defence will call on the army. But
when the order to fire cornea the army
will revolt and not a gun will be
trained in the direction commanded."
—The Crisis.
In referring to the work of the United States Congress a news deapatch
"Organized labor has succeeded in Ita
requests of the present session in congress to the extent of securing the enactment of what ie known as the "employers- liability bill." This enactment
will make it possible for an employee
to secure damages for his Injury notwithstanding his own negligence may
have been in part responsible for that
The delightful vista of possibility
that Is thus spread before the workng-
man's vision ia sadly marred and
thrown out of perspective hy the ominous improbability that looms in the
For the
Having been airttaritt. If
tne publishers tf Mm |rtw
Clarion to receive uifct M tfeo
regular rate $1.00 fir fear
and apply one ktH ol ail MOjy
received to toe Gootnl Campaign Fund, you an twaesjey
requested to assist tu swiltiai
this fund by sending yoor solo
direct to me. Elite? feowab
or new subs, to bo tabu lor a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
rTOv. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, 1. C
I ii
ii.  i
' il
i lisii
■I 'a
if* II
!!-! a
Saturday Juno 30, vm
the Men kin1
Published every  Saturday  tn    tke!
interests of tha working claas  i.lone
at tka Office of the Western Clarion,
Flack Block basement,  165 Hastings'
Street, Vancouver. B. C.
Strictly In Advance.
Yearly subscription cards ln   lota
of Ave or more, 75 cents each.
Advertising rates on application.
If you receive this paper, it ia paid
Address al! communications to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch this label on your paper. If thia number ia on it,
yeur subscription expires the
next Issue.
Saturday June 30,1901!.
In another column will be found at.
article written by an Australian comrade, entitled "The Two Essentials."
It is, in the main, an excellent article
and has been reproduced in this paper because We believe it can be road
with profit by every person into whose
hands it may fall. The writer, however, has either fallen, or is in danger
of falling, into an error that is altogether too common among Socialists.
and that is of considering the organization of industry and tho economic
organization of labor, as thintrs separate and apart from each other. This
error results in the rather ludicrous
spectacle of men attempting to organize for the accomplishment of a purpose that has already been attained
and ln which they are themselves active factors.
The organization of industry, commonly attributed to capitalists, is the
ecqaomic- organization of labor, I. c.
the organization of labor in wealth
production.     Capitalists   are   no   more
responsible for it than are the workers' themselves. This organization is
forced step by step by the Instruments
of production themselves regardless ol
the likes or dlBlikes, the whim or caprice, of either capitalists or workers.
As the machinery of production be-
oomes more highly developed and powerful, thereby increasing the productive
power of labor, it becomes imperative
that useless labor be sloughed off by
expelling the superfluous workers
from thc organization, I. e., throwing
them into the streets to swell the ranks
of the unemployed.
A "better organization of industry"
only means a better economic organization of labor in wealth production.
A greater result with a lesser expenditure of human energy. The more
highly developed, complex and powerful the machinery of production becomes, the more highly developed,
complicated and powerful becomes th'.
method of its operation. Thc hutcr is
rendered inevitable by the former. At
each successive step in advance the
workers become more complctly involved in ,a collective or social process
of wealth j production from which they
cannot escape except at thn price ,if
starvation. The machinery of production binds them together in the profess as with bonds of steel. The machine ls the organizer of labor.
The Socialist parties of the world
are an evidence that the worker, are
awakening to a consciousness of the
fact that the present control of Industry,, and conee'iuently the appropriation
of its fruits, doe. not conform to the
character of industry itself, and that
In consequence of this they are floundering ln the quagmire of poverty and
misery, While their capitalist masters
are wallowing like hogs ln the wealth
these. wprkers have produced.
Awakening to a consciousness of the
exploitation practiced upon them under
the present system of property the
workers organize for the purpose of
taking such action as will bring tbat
exploitation to an end. They propose
fo wfest" from theif exploiters the
means whereby they maintain their
eohtrbl of Industry and hold the workers in subjection to their .theme of
cavitation. In other words they propose to take possession of powers of
the Slate and use such powers for the
purpose of ousting their capitalisl
masters from the control of Industry,
and by so doing set thomselvi s free
from ofcploltatlon. It Is fm- thut purpose that labor ls now organizing In
eVery'capitalist country on earth. There
are_strenunu. times ahead for the labor-skinning fraternity.
An election may or may not lie held
In this Province before the year closes.
At any rate one will occur during 1907.
Be that as it may, however every one
knows that putting candidates in the
field and carrying on a compaign for
their election requires money, no matter what may be the political complexion of the candidates. Every one likewise knows that those candidates put
in the field by the propertied interests-
in the community will have no difficulty In Obtaining the requisite funds
to carry on a campaign. Those inter
eats will respond to the needs of the
hour. With the working people it Is
different. They possess little property
and such as they do possess is of a
iiuii-revenue producing character. They
have no propertied interest upon which
to draw for the "sinews of war." Tho
expense of any campaign conducted In
their Interest must be met by drawing
upon their scanty earnings. While the
workers nre short on property thoy are
long on numbers and if each one can
be induced to contribute, even to the
extent of a dojjar or two, sufficient
funds can be raised to wage a most
vigorous and effective campaign, and
one alongside Of which those of the
capitalist parties will be made to look
like thirty cents, and bogus at thut.
It will be noticed in another column
that the Provincial Executive Committee recognizes the necessity of proceeding at once to gather funds for
the approaching campaign, nnd has set
on foot measures with that object in
view. This is both wise and timely
and, it is to be hoped, will be energetically pushed by the Committee and
generously responded to by the rank
and file. The larger the fund at its
disposal the greater the number of
speakers that could be sent out by the
Committee, and the larger the quantity
of effective literature that could be
provided for distribution.
Another reason why the committee
should be amply supplied with funds
Is found 1n the matter of deposit required by the government from each
candidate for the privilege of contesting a seat in the provincial house at
the hands of a free people. God save
the mark. True this deposit is now bu1.
$100, having been reduced from t-IOO
through the action of the two Socialist
members at the last session of the
house. But as there are 42 ridings In
the province it means the putting up
Of $4,-00 in case the party should run
a candidate in each riding. Doubtless
In many ridings the comrades will bo
able to bear the expense of their own
campaign, and put up their own deposit. In perhaps other ridings such
expense, and the deposit as well, will
have to be provided for from the general funds of the party. To be able id
meet all such emergencies as may arise
it becomes absolutely necessary that
the committee has a good round sum
at its disposal. It is up to every working man in the Province, who recognizes the necessity of the working class
conquering the powers of the state in
its own interest, to do his little part
in providing such sum.
The Western Clarion is not run as
a money making concern in the interest of any person or persons. It is
run merely as an Instrument of the
Socialist Party of Canada for the purpose of spreading the propaganda of
the revolution and organizing the
workers mirier Its banner. The Clarion
neither begs for assistance nor bums
for subscriptions.
It employs a limited number of
agents for the purpose of canvassing
the country and calling the attention
of working men to the fact of its existence. To such agents it allows a
commission of one-half upon all subs,
secured. There Is a vast field, however,
that cannot well be reached by agents
because of a sparse nnd widely scattered population. Outside of the agents
mentioned, the Clarion uses no meann
whatever to Increase it. circulation,
depending solely upon lis merit for
that purpose. For the puriio.e nf aiding In the establishment of a Provincial Campaign Fund the publishers of
the Western Clarion have decided as
Until further hottc« the Provincial
Executive Committee, D. O. McKenzie,
Secretary, Box 836, Vancouver, U. C
1. authorized to receive yearly subs,
for the Western Clarion at the regular rate ($1.00 per year), and to apply"
50 per cent of all money received for
such subs, to the Central Campaign
Fund. No sub. for a period of less
j i lian one year to apply.
Now, get down to business. The Provincial Secretary will be pleased to re-
celvs your subs, ln unlimited number.
If you feel that you do not need the
Western Clarion, or are already a subscribed, send him along the entire dollar and all you can spare besides. Thc
time Is ripe for action. Get down to
business. Don't wait for tho other
hi.-, wits in. skinning his neighbor,
there is a scheme" of.'low down cunning being worked-at Ottawa that is
to bring to the mind of those who
imagine that bigotry and intolerance
are thing*, of the past, thc fact that
they are still very much alive in Canada and their devotees as unscrupulous, tyrannical and vicious as in the
days of the Inquisition. At thc instigations of as precious a band of Sabbatarian bigots as ever burned a her
otic at thc stake, and who masquerade as thc "Lord's Day Alliance,"
what is termed a Sunday Observance Law, is being engineered
through the Ottawa House, which i*
spoken of as the most sweeping piece
iif Sabbath legislation ever framed
If this infamy concocted by bigots is
incorporated into law. about thc only
liberty the Canadian is henceforth t.>
enjoy on Sunday is that of donning
a hypocritical, melancholy and lugubrious mien and go to church and
drop a coin iu thc plate for the internal cdifcatiiin of thc pulpit--
pounding humbugs who arc engineering  the  infamy.
Here arc some of the provisions
of this precious "Sunday Observance Law. If allowed to go unchallenged they will no doubt be f..1
lowed by others still further calculated tO prolong the sway of religious bigotry and intolerance.
Nobody may work, do business,
sell anything or employ any person
to work.
No  games   or  performances   where
admission fee is charged.
No  excursions  for amusement.
No   public   parks,   pleasure   ground
or amusement place open where
mission fee is char^-d.
No target-shooting.
No foreign newspapers sold.
Certain   exceptions   are    made
works of mercy, religion or nece
in   regad   to   running  through   trains,
ocean vessels, etc
Jews, Adventists and others who
keen Saturday as a day of rest may
do business on  Sunday.
Not long since the Canadian peopli
so emphatically protested against thi
establishment of a press censorship
by the postal department that the
Postmaster-General was compelled to
call it off. lt is now up to them to
knock this scheme as promptly in
the head, before this "holier than
thou'' gang succeed in robbing life
of the last brief hours of recreation
that capitalism has so far allowed to
It is an insult to the Lord and a
denial of His power to even intimate
that it is necessary in order to preserve His kingdom, to resort to thc
low-lived repressive incisures resort
ed to by earthly monarchs. Reside'
all this, it is quite enough that human kind arc doomed tn engage in
thc "dog cat dog" struggle, during
-■ix days of the week without -utTcr
ing the additional punishment of being compelled to look solemn, sour-
visaged and melancholy on the seventh day for thc material beatification
of a lot of black-frocked gentry that
arc even more useless to humanity
than llcas on a dog.
Get after your Ottawa fjoliticaii
puppets with your kicks and protests
as vigorously a« you got after the
presumptions Aylesworth. not long
since. Use the same method to give
them to understand that you will tolerate no backward step towards thc
rule of religious bigots during thc
middle ages. When yon write them
about this do not put a stamp on
your letter. You do not need to, the
magic O.  II. M. S. will suffice.
liberal and Conservative Sheets
Raphsodize in Honor ot Gom-
rade Hawthornthwaite and
With Glad Acclaim Attest
his   Loyalty   to   the
Cause   of   Labor.
(From the Colonist of Tuesday)
(Froni ihe Ncws-Advcrtlser Tuesday)
V0TIN6 FOR THE 800,000
(From the Province ol Wednesday)
(From  the Columbian of Tuesday.)
(From the  Daily  Canadian  of   lues.)
(From   the   World   of   Monday.)
No   more   convincing   evidence   of
Comrade   Hawthornthwaite's  loyalty
to the  working class could  be  given
than the above.
While the average Canadian is pursuing the "even tenor of his way,"
trying to make an honest living, either by thc expenditure of his labor
in  production, or  in  thc  exercise  of
Though Japan Is yet bathed in the
atmosphere of joy and triumph ut the
victorious outcome of the Lite war,
signs are not wanting of a ru<le awakening to the grim realities of war's uf-
termath. It has left a legacy of some
hundred thousand helpless ones, entirely dependent on public relief. Japan's debt has increased six-fold. This
burden also must be Shouldered by the
workers, together with the Increased
estimates fur military expenditures. Already the Increased difficulty of living ls felt among the working class.
Rents have risen and taxoB Increased.
The return of the soldiers h im vastly
swelled the ranks of the Unemployed.
Many predict u great financial crash.
There passed through the Lower
House in the 22si(J session, some on?
hundred und fifty Hlllt, not one to
protect the workers. Though on their
blood ind Hweat the state It reared,
they are denied the franchise. Tha
workers are beginning to realize that
victorious wars bring them nothing
but an increase of mltery and hardship; that their only hope of emancipation lien ln  Socialism.
On the 13th instant was held u public
meeting in the HIblya Park ti> commemorate thc events of lhe 5th of September, ]»06, and to congratulate those
yet tree from the Imprisonment Inflicted on them for participation In the
pupulur demonstration of that date. It
Ih a great gain that such a meeting be
allowed to be held, and stirring speech-
en allowed to be delivered.
Nagasaki Is becoming a centre of
Russian revolutionism. "Volla" (Liberty), a dally paper, it now published
there under the editorship of Mr.
Vadezkl, un ex-offlcer of the Manchur-
luri Army, who, having been Suspected,
of disseminating revolutionary Ideas,
fled from Vladivostok to Nagasaki,
With him it associated another Hun-
Minn exile, Mr. Kussi-ll of Huwal. "Volla" proclaims the overthrow of the
Itusslun autocracy and the establish-
ment of a democratic republic (Hy the
way, a Chinese monthly entitled "Mitn-
pro" (The Popple's Herald), in being
Issued by young Chinese revolutionists
Influenced by the teachings of Bon-
Tut-Hen. We aro glad to know thai
Japan Ih becoming a hot-bed of the
revolutionary movement ln the Far
Kust. — From "Hlkari" (Thc Light).
William Jennings Bryan Is now
hailed at the standard-bearer of the
Democratic party for the year IMa
We are told that banker*, merchant
princes, railway magnates, mine operators, lawyers, ministers, far rt and
in fact, men of all occupations and pro
fesslons are shouting for the "boy orator of the Platte" to shy hit CSStOT Into the political arena to le-id the hungry host of Democracy to the publl
We   have been   told   that   even   Wall
stu-et wants him, end that th- salvation of thc republic depends upon hit
Capitalism sees the rising tide of
Socialism, and this skim-milk reformer
i« to be boosted for the presidency in
the expectation that collective ownership can be halted and the life of exploitation prolonged.
As Ilryan has suffered two defeats
for the presidency, another f illare Will
add but little to hit political agony.—
Miner's  Magazine.
"Tories cannot fool thtCosst" say-
a local pipe-dream of Liberal jdio-
syncracies. Wc are not potted as to
the gullibility of the "Coast," but
neither Tory or Grit humbug can
much longer fool the working man
of this Province. If you don't,
of this Province. If you don't bt
licve it now, you will after the next
San Francisco, June 22.—The German Insurance Company of Peoria,
111., after sounding its creditors upon
thc subject of a 50 per cent compromise, has thrown Up its hands, closed
its Pacific Coast agenecy, resigned
from the Underwriters' Adjusting Bureau and retired into Winter Qjiartefl
•ut Peoria.
The German of Peoria was organized under the laws of Illinois in 1878
with a capital of $200,000 Now that
the San Francisco conflagration hat
fume nnd gone thc compnny has a
loss of over $1,000,000 to fair, with
a  capital    and    surplus    aggregating
only $360,000.--Chicago Examiner,
Hooray for insurance the greatest
s;.fc-guard   ngninst   loss   the   human
brain  ever  devised.
Long  live  our  sacred   Institutions.
It is snid the prison doors are opening for the heads of the Oil Trust
It is safe to bet the heads will still be
outside when  they close.
Nanaimo, B. C, June 27.-It was a
great sight yesterday at the Western
I'ltel Company's office . It reminded
om- of an old country farmer's fair,
where they hire men for the year
They walked Up and down the line
of slaves and picked out thc men they
wanted. You could sec they were
line judges of slave flesh. They picked out the strongest of thc bunch
But the most disgusting thing about
it was to hear the putty bosses telling Ihe slaves ."It's our turn now."
What they meant was that tlie men
being plentiful, they intended to put
it to them . That is the kind of work
that makes Socialists. I wonder how!
lhe. I. W. W., would handle the situation. I hope all our industries will
become Americanized, they arc up-
lo date.
_^^^^„11_       ,   '•very  S,,inriu,
evening at 7.30 o clock in  Miner'
hall.     V.  Ingram,  president
l'l. I ar.l,  wxretarv
.1.  I'd ward Bird
Ceo.  1:
A. 0. Bryd
^^^^^^^^^^     UcCrosHiin.   ^^^
We. the Socialist Party ot Canada,
in convention assembled, affirm our
allegiance to and support of the principles and program of the International revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
lalior it should Justly belong. To
(he owners of the meant of wealth
produc lion belongs the product ol
labor. 'Ilie present economic system is based upon capitalist ownership of the means of wealth production; therefore all tho products of
labor belong lo the capitalist class.
The capitaliat is master; the worker
Is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain
in poHHTMKlon of the reins of government all lhe powers of tho state will
be used to protect and defend their
property rights in the means of
wealth production and their control
of the product of lnbor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swellinsr stream ol
profits, and to the worker an ev*r-
incrc-a-iih-r measure of misery and
The interest of the working claw
lies in the direction of Nutting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by
the abolition of the wagv system. To
accomplish thla nuceatd latest the
transformation of capitalist proper-
ty in the means of wealth produc- j
tion into collective or working-, lass :
The irrepressible conflict of inter-
ests between the capitalist and the
worker Is rapidly culminating <n a
struggle for poste-udon of the power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
actio*.   This is the class ttniuvlc.
Tel. 829.  P.O.  Box, 033,
824 Hasting* at. . . Vancouver, nc
Socialist fctej
ft49" Every
Party ol Ci
ol th.- Sorinli,.
^^^^^^^^^^ should run a csjri
under this bend. gl.OO per u><ir,o-
Secretaries please note.
.'.rlii-Ji < ••luiiiliin Prmliit-l-il I ...uih,
Committee, Hociniiti Pari) ' ■ ,,.
iida.    Meets every ali.-rnal     . ...
dny,   I).  O.  McKensle,  Been   ■•:■    Bei
s3«, Vancouver,  II. C.
In .minion  K-.-t-uti-.i-    Oomrnltlt-r, 1-,
. i;illtt    Party of    Canadm     Mm,
every    alternate    Tuesday.    J   ■•;
More ill.    Secretary.    J..!   I
Street, Vancouver,   II. i:
Loonl \uiMi.iM.r. No. 1, S, I'. ..( tan.
ada.      Business    meei -   -y
Monday  evening ut
It.Kle*i|,J«. Ulock, "113 Camb    Mr*»t,
i room l,    rMOond floor)
UoruU nissHnfi evsry Su   lay it 1
p. in . tl. Sislllv 111 li
Street. Frederic I'.-n.
noi !>3»5, Vancouver, B, c
1,-Kitl Toronto. S. I*, of I. — N|,i. *,
und and fourth Tu|--•• 1
Hi ni.|U:irler».   ||SH   Qll
Went.   K. int.- Becrctar)   I! Ileon
Rtreet.   Semtith, Brani h -,
.Sunday night, same ha!!
Ilmt and third Sunda)       I
Hull   crner Kln-t and 1 '.-
'iui-*-.,     nt    1:S0  (..  111      '        1
K< 1 r. tiry, His |*rinc*■*.   -
Rtpejr, Mun.
l'.-I..MI-h,,|   |H!I I
I lie lll.l.-sl  |.nl>.r
I'tiixr In t'anailii
va a fanrlssm "*o ■
the OSUtSS of Uile.r
Therefore,   we call  upon  aM  work-' |.,,.»|    \viiuil|M-«, s   P,
era to orgnni/e under the banner of
tho Socialist Party of Canada with;
the  object  of com-tierlng   the  public
lowers for the purpose of set tine upend enforcing the economic  program
of thc working class, ax /ollows:
1. The  transformation  as  rapidlv
as possible, of capitalist   properly iu
the means of wealth production 'n.i- .
tural  resources,  t*Clor\**,  mills, r»il- j
ways,  etc.,)  Into  thc OOttsnUvn  pro-;
l-erty ot the working close.
2. Thorough and democratic or-!
.ranl/ution and mana«retnent of in-1
dustry by the workers.
3. The  establishment,   as  speedily !
a.s  possible,  of    production   lor    use
Instead ot production for profit.
Ihe Socialist Party, when in office!
shall  always and   everywhere   until,
the    present    system    is   atrtolished.'
make the answer to this question its ]
guiding rule ol conduct.     Will    this!
Ictrislation advance the Interests   of
the working class and aid the work- ■
ers in  their class struggle     against J
capitalism?    If it will,  the Socialist
Party Is lor It;  II It  will  not.   ths'
Socialist Party is absolutely opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle
the Socialist Party pledge* iusell to
conduct all the public affairs placed
In ita hands in such a manner a* to
promote the interests of ths working claas alone.
uf   <
For one dollar tl..  ,
t«* tent to any  tddresi
> «>u r.
\Vork!n$-m«-n et all -
will  toon     r*'-»anlii.-
Ihut  they     mutt     nip|
read iheir labor papers
ISHlKfl    KVK1CY    Kill!
Tin- Inkv I'ubii-dilne 1
W lnni|trtt,    Man.
I nl.
hereby   apply  for  membership
In -.Local
 Socialist   I'arty  of
I recognise the class Strugsle
between the capitalist class and
the working class to be a
ttruggle for political supremacy, I. e.. p.iHMcttloii of the
relnt of government, and which
necessitates the organisation of
the workers Into a political
parly distinct from and opposed to all p.irlleH of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
uny other political parly, und
pledge myHelf to mlpport by
voice, vole and ull other legitimate means thc ticket and tlie
program of the Socialist Party
of ('.nnl.1,1 only,
Admitted to Ixical 190. .
Published Weekly by ibt
IffttM. rtrMriMBI 01 Miners
A Vigorous Advocate of Labor'*
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year fl.OO.       Bis Months, &0t
Denver, Colorado.
WANTKI): by Chicago ulioleaHs
house, sptjcinl represent au*-<> '*"
ench province in Canada. '-"•dsT
$20,00 Md sxitsnass paid »**■)■
EUpense money advanced ilu*1'
boss successful, position 11MmsaStT*
No Investment rssrulrcd 1'rrfoui
•KDerience not essential to esgsr
ing.    Address
Qsnw-at Mnnager, 1X2 l *'>■■• 3--
Chicago, IU . l,SA'
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.7B.
Uundlos ol 2ft or mom c..|)l<-» l°
one address, lor n period ol ,J"*
months or more at tho rate of ee»
cent per copy.
Patronise our advertisers.
•0 VBAR*'
... solicit the TMimnett or Mtnufitcturcrt,
Rn^iiirrrs nnd othert who rotliae ilie a.lvl it till-
iiy ul hiiving their Pnlriit liuainrtt tmtisncU-d
l.y I'ttierfs. Prellmuiiirysdvleefree. I'linr-rrt
pioderalsj. Our Invuntor't Adviser s-nlupon
rrmtest, Marlon A Mnrluti, New York t.ifc lildg,
viui.iuui 1 mui wastiiogtoa, j>.c, v.tt-A.
Trsoi M*b*»
Cop»"iohts ,,,,'•
AnreaeMndlns atl.tt.-li •■'«,')""l|,'!.ii!l.r sn
UirmOon 11 Brohtl.lf/wltf.tj&L*...-! , „ I'sitii"
tl.intttrlell/&.tiSiloiisl-»l..MNOBOOI ' .„,„,«.
•mnt fl** OlKst t*«i«iyfor"s»o rhit  «      „«
PtttiiU UM11 tnruniili «u»n.» '
H-MtsifwMM, wlllieul ok trim.
A hMdtomtlr lllattrajeel wenklr
tttltiimi of tor tmsotMa fournt ■
rssrifonrnionUit.il. *•■.!'"/""..
y llhsttrs
(SJJ.hm r m%U Wa*'""*'■"■
i,.i.iv""-v.'*%V*»y ., t;
■ «-*..~i«.v June 30,1906.
...,„„,. columns have ■**en
'   pspossl of the Party.  SecretarM
lit nre-reQuested  to    take ad-
„f them  In, at  Intervals,  rein   their   letpt-cllve
OimiinunleiiHon*" under this
should  be  ml'liesscd  to   the  I)o-
,„■ I'rovlncbil Secretaries.    I.o-
tarlSS are further r«*qu.--ile.| to
columns  for announce-
■t* <» xji
ilaced   at
nl  !.-
,,.„.. conditions
Mil   l*",r''
l.,.,k   to   ihesTsl
,.lUn fr.iin the Ksecutlve Committees,
""       ,,  means  the business    of    the
will bs facilitated ami the Df>
nd      Provincial     seoretariee
',,.,*  0f  a  little  of  the
I,.,, of correspondence.
will  he seen  good use  him  been
ni-iilo of the moneys subscribed so far
\'., |      ..npinUiitg funds.    Further OT-
csnlKlng tourt are under contemplation
i. -    ijt are available.    Further sub-
rl,,tlons   'in*   therefore   urgently   so-
„,.t tts. with the great Interest  that
nt  lM-lug manifested In So-
hetter lime could Im* found
..I'lliig     the propaganda     and
•i n
up lhe organisation.
The   -.llowlni'  sums have boon    ro-
i,,.|  io date:
-     ,   on lisnd »?3.50
l'.,rt   llfirvt-y     6.00
ard all contributions to
J. G.  MOltOAN, Sec..
SSI Barnard St.
aver, B. C.
'!:.- following amounts received up to
...   wl}   uchnuv.1. «lKcd .,**tW
.-:.i \ iiii. ouver til) per cent of
... lion)    1* 00
r ,  Friends (per 4   W.  Fitch)   *. M
r   Bohte,  Havana. Culm   ....     1 oo
V r>Hipii*.«        •**
r,.mi  vh 50
!    in   Comrade     H.iW-
IhwattS'S lmn.lt  ...|r.o -wi
ll I ii.I! 10 00
't.l.il   dltiibrtom.-nt*    $00 (ti
n .- ..ii hand tU r*"
ii \\\ iHi.i-.riiu.\n>.s Torn.
k>m    Hawthornthwaite      speaks   at
t-elstolie on  the "f.th. SaleIon on the
h   Volton .,ti  the "filti and  M'.yl.- on
"th.   nn   hit   way lo  speak   at   the
tl f>ay Picnic held at Ferule mi
:>  .u.i    Thence he will visit other
,.- s   Neat  ]...intt.  spending In each
•   tuch  tins  nt  may   be   ne. etsary
i     Miming !•>• way of Marvvllle, to
.miliary country, where he speaks
• 'al Invitation at fliNtSlalid's
ition on the l«lh of July. On
ij hon «>. thence i*..m. Htiw-
hwalta will Speak at Knm loops
if .iiiaiiKcn (.aits can he made
ikanagnn yallot, gasnsads Hnw-
nthwalte  It authorized   tu  receive
uneyi on behalf of the Provincial
■■■>■   t'oiniiilttee,   which   will   lx-
•iledged   in   the  Olartmi.    OSm-
- snd friendt throughout the Pro-
•• ar. urgently requested t>> spars
fieri Iii making thlt tour a ■UOOQSI
very  way.
industrial class-conscious proletariat,
and no sooner had it struck Its first
Mow than the throne of the czar near-
•i toppled oyer mid the empire shook
to iis very foundations. Since that
'lay a ceaseless struggle of life and
death Is going on between the tolling
. l.iHHes ut iiussla aspiring to Iberty
and the dying but tenacious autocracy
which In its very death tbrOSS would
in. tri-lnx its grip upon the nations
throat, on the one side the harrow'".'
atrocities and staggering outrages
committed hy the caar and his tools,
and on the other side the unprecedented heroism and Self-sacrificing devotion manifested by the revolutionary
proletariat during the relatively brief
period since the beginning of this
.struggle—both beggar description. Tie-
world stands amazed at the Hlght of
thousands of young tnen and girls.
who, braving death and torture at the
hands of dehumanized cossack hordes
and fighting against terrible odds, are
making onslaughts Upon lhe bulwarks
of   despotism.     They   were mowed
down by the thousands with howitzers aud machine guns, and for months
the ezar't brave generals, who won
such renown for their masterly retreats
before the disciplined Japanese troops,
revelled in Woody orgies, subduing defenceless girls, women and children,
now In the streets of Moscow, now in
the villages of Caucasia, and now In
the I'oiish and Baltic provinaet. Yet.
in spite of these apparent suc-esses of
autocracy, the victory of the cause of
Russian freedom is at hand. The Russian people Is Just preparing to enter
Upon a new stage of the struggle.
Which, no matter what sacrifices It
may require, can have but one result.
Neither   thu   wiles   of   tmooth-toiigued
wholesale murderers, like Durnovoaod
Witte, nor th" bickerings of a, brutal
and stupid Gor.mykli! ministry with
mi impotent "parliament" can avert
tht- "Irresistible conflict,"
l.UKSlan absolutism will not voluntarily commit suicide by abdicating its
power; n"d whither "parliament" succumbs to tin- wily blandlthrnents of
courtiers, thus betraying the people's
cguae, or whether it consistently main*.
Lain-i Its present manly altitude and
forest the government to disperse it at
the point of the bayonet. In either case
an immediate cataclysm is inevitable.
And tn this new revolution, which Is
bound l." b, th.- beginning of the end.
Hi-    biUnt   of   the   struggle   will   again
fail on the shoulders of the cJase-con-
scious proletariat Again l{ nsltl gi\**
profusely of His blou"( tv fertilise Ihe
Mii|  for n  harvest ot  freedom  which
  Pel hap* uiily others will t't-np. Corn-
seeking personal udvan.-em-nt had , ,,„„ vjlh„.y il4 our>! u |8 for us
better  keep  put   of      (he  Pdrty.    Th'* | here, awny from the dang-r an I stress
^^^^^^  ®®®®®&®
It hat been decided hy the Provincial
Executive   to   build   up a   cent oil   fund
i.i be used in generally assisting in thi
coming campaign and more especial!}
for the purpose of printing and distributing campaign literature. Should
sufficient funds be forthcoming, it Is
Intended lo so strew the Province with
revolutionary leaflets that they will
become ths most familiar document*.
within Its confines.
By way of a start (announced elsewhere in this issue), the proprietors of
the Western (Marlon have agreed tbat
f*o per cent of all new yearly subscriptions to the Clarion sent in through
the Provincial Secretary, shall go to
the central campaign fund, Subscribers should avail themselves Of thlt offer and send In such subs, us they can
get, through the seeretary. Ami fw-
ther, there are many comrade*
throughout the Province who are unattached to any Local and who may
be detlrous of collecting for the can-
tral fund. To fhsss the Committee win
furnish, ou application, receipt books.
with authority to collect fun.Is for the
.iimp.ilgn, T'u- committee hopes thai
all interested In the matter will earnestly endeavor to make thlt fund as
huge as possible, so that this election
may be the most memorable In the hi
tory of li. ('. We should aim at nothing lrs» than thai an avowed and un-
.ompromlsiiig revolutionist contest en h
s.;it In this Province. Such a Contest
would have a wide und fur-fa.'him:
affect, and would give a tremenHAus
In p. (un  to  the movement,  not  only  in
iiiiii-.h Columbia, but throughout U ■
Never before were the prospects of
the ."oclalltt Party In B. C so bright.
and no effort thould be spued to take
advantage of our present opportunhj. -
and nothing thould be allowed to stand)
In the way of a united and thoroughly
organize,) attack upon the Stronghold*
..f . apltalltm.    All petty     differences]
should bf »>Jiik and nil tuinni'l'- -li'itil'l j
concentrate  their  encrglos on   Hits approaching election.    Thlt Party it not
organized   for   the   iiersonal   advancement  of any  individual.    And   an)
movement calls for constant  ta..-i Ifi.■»» ,    ,      .             . .
.   .   , , Of ai tual conflict, to see that our Ru«.
and holdt out  no rewards except the    ,.       ,    ,. . »
' ... ' stan  brothers  do not  lav  down  the.ir
f.-itlsfai tion that arun-s from tin- sense   .... . .   .
"f  duty  "lone nnd the prospect   of  put-    ,,„.      o„  „„,          '      , „  , ,,"  ''   """"
.   .             .    ...                  ,'. their   sacrifices   fiuliful. temember
Una an end  forever to this accurro   1,      .._   __,;..
,               „                    ,         ,    '■"  successfully  contend ogainal   th<
system,    l^-t  ut al   ge.t  u, and  work.   .,,,.      .
.. .    , »..    - *ar« cohorts arirm are nece-w-ii-y. Give
for th.* worlds  revolution.    We  hnve               .. *"''       ,
»ic     mi.*"1  «««»•.        »           i .,„ join treasure (ha* »•*. may convert
it  int.. !<■;,,| „ud steel.    Help Hi,- itus-
mssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss. .. I Hi"11   f'* *l1* ' m -11     f.rg.-    the     sword
but our manhood    Lei us than ."piii   j..,.^.
uurwlvet as men.
the litg.it
mutt   win
we have- the Might, and «.-
We have nothing to tam
Arri-vrioN, mix ui.taiiii-.s.
A number of f/icals having fall..I to
turn In the monthly report for May.
lecrelartea are urgently requested to
•end In June rep.,rti when due, at the
Provincial Secretary would like t.. ■.-.•
In -ouch with all the Locals in the
Provincial tt*ar%t*ry.
the f. t.ii blow!
B,   li     HltlMMRItO,
H.  (iltKK.VFIKI.Il.
J.   KlUl.ni.ANU.
M.  KuSt.M,
I >.   flUBlNOW,
sj-Keeotlve   Committee   Russian
Democratic  Society, uf Ni «
Contributions   should be aant
. heeks      nnd      money     orders
payable   lo   Mr.   M.   Rntnm.   Trea-niivi
MM K. 15th Street, New. Vuik. City.
a nd
who can produce most cheaply. In this
search for profits and the consequent
cheapening of production, the larger
indi.stiial concerns crush out the
smaller. The individual capitalist is
being displaced by joint Btock combinations and trusts. Competition is giving way to co-operation among the
members of the capitalist class. Wealth
It being produced with a continually
lessening expenditure of energy and
Industry is being organized In a way
most suitable to common ownership^
Ally Inter erence, therefore, with industrial -'evelopment is delaying the
time of the socialization of Industry.
This does not mean that the working
(lass should Quietly submit to the burdens imposed on it by its oppressors.
It muat learn to use its power on the
economic field to resist the encroachments of the capitalists. If our class
use their power intelligently, they will
great)) aid the development of industry by compelling the middle class to
gh.- ihe same conditions as the large
capitalists. We cannot afford to show
syii pithy for the middle class; nor
can wc afford to waste time in making
trivial demands on our economic masters; we must compel them to completely surrender all their advantages
and thus dispose of all our grievances
Bt one blow.
11 Is jvith the organization of our
class and with Its preparation for Its
glorious mission that the Socialist Partes of the world must chiefly concern
themselves. The Socialist Party must
provide the training necessary for the
future owners of lhe world. It has to
ar..u»e the workers. It has to educate
them and it has to organize them. The
organization of industry alone will
never cause the Co-operative Commonwealth to appear; it must be aecom-
panied by the organization af the
working class. Our class must be
brought io realize that it occupies a
degraded position in present day bo-
< iety. It must learn to recognize the
fact that this degrading position Is the
resujl of the oppression of he workers by the capitalist class. Working-
men and won en must be taught that
the power of the capitalist clans arises
from their possession of Uie means of
production. The w<irktng class can
• niy emancipate itself by overthrowing
the power of their capitalist masters,
•-"oc'ailsm calls upon ut all to unite our
Individual strengths, in. the grand effort
to fie.- lhe. human race from ail op-
l'i".-*i..n. Hy organising the working
class for (he filial conflict with the
po-siiH of capitalism, the principle of
collective action is being instilled, thus
preparing the workers, for collective
action under the, t-otoperative Com*
Oil n...,('.,|!l,. The Socialist movement
la teaching our Class the value cjf >lis-
Cipilne as no previous movement haa
ever done. Collective Interests everywhere override. Individual Interests. By
allowing the members of the party to
control the affairs of thr. party, the
."•'•. lalisi   movement   rs   preparing  the
WOrkltlg   class   for   their     position     as
-.iiatiaci rs  of  their own  affairs  In   Ihe
So ialist    Republic,
•' 'I-itadfim (a creating the individual
i' .tafia] for the Co-operative Commonwealth  and the Socialist movement is
a • ..ping in our class those very
qualities which will be necessary for
the citizens of the Socialist Commonwealth. — Andrew M. Anderson, in
Sydney Peojili .
Some who started early are now selling ten 9
copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents X
a copy. Send to us for circulars and wholesale 9
prices.    The book is now ready for delivery. Z
9 BOX 2064
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fall to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's name
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually ln type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each week, after all
corrections, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
guilty of reprehensible laxity in the
performance of their duties, even
they be guilty of nothing worse.
The publishers of the Western Clarion earnestly request any subscriber
who ooes not receive his paper to I
promptly notify this office. Missinp
copies will be supplied at once and ne- :
cessary steps taken to locate the reason for such non-delivery and to avoid
its repetition in the future.
Tb.,- publication of periodicals of
every description is a specialty with
ilie "Clarion,'* Telephone or write
Cor estimates. Every facility for such
work, and piompiiM-***. and *.alisfai-ii.m
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.7").
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
by buying thfg
reliable, honest,
high grade i
ing i    	
National Sewing Machine Co*
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
< oiiui i*tio\ a m;«i:ss\i:y OOJT-
Th.-   rcRulnr   business   meeting    was
held mi the 2r.th »f June.
Oomyada  HctaBehlan waa appointed
i"i:il  meeting,   hnbl  June   14th.   to
ike final nrrnngemenlt re Comrade
p.-twthorntbwaite'S organisation    tour,
lent  <"nm.  Stebbings,    (Chairman).
i   KliiRtiey  (Orgnnlsor).  Comrades
''in hard, Morf-an and tho Secretary.
Warrant   authorised   to   plans   160.00
• '.mi   Ilnwthnriithwnlte's  hands  for
*'ii i/.ini* .xpente*. Secretary Instruc-
•! lo Issue credentials to Cum.  Haw-
li   mthwlata as special orariiil*':i •
'•".< I" Iiify   Instructed   In    re-jardt   to
impalgn fund receipt books und fnr-
itlon of a central cumimiKii turn! tar
it Province,
Th" rnmmltt'-o then adjourned.
In  view  of  the   horror   Which  Upton
' Blni lair's revelations has Inspired, worthy   traders   on   this  side   are   endfjav-
orlng to Inspire confidence, by aasurtng
^        th.- public that the practices disclosed
t.. ths rhalr. Th.- minutes of the pre- j In "Th- Jinm-lo'' only lake place in es-
vions meeting were read ami approved,   l&blishments connected with the is.-i-f
Two new members wars admitted.! Trust, and nothing OX the kind would
an.I two nnw  applications  received,   ', be tolerated elsewhere,    We     would-
Warrants were ordered drawn for j however, recall the Beiaures made ..f
th.. following amounts: ! putrid livers and other offal in a man-
I'lentiltiK headquarters 1     Ml    nfa.mivrs yard  In  1'ermondsey a year
Literature agent    ,..   .,   ....       Wjor  two ago     This  rotten      refuse had
Advertising   nirettug*,   etc     I 00   been   acquired   to   be   worked   up  into
"table   deitCSji les."       and   would   have
The Labor Advocate,of Albuquerque, New Mexico, has as its slogan:
"Labor has rights as well as Capital."
li -•.., why all of this howl for "better conditions," a "living wage," and
other such funny stuff?
The ChicagoPackJug House Teamsters arc to hold a picnic oo July 12.
According to Upton Sinclair, the inside workers have one thc year round.
'arrsctlant It waa stated In Inst
"kt report of the Provincial Kxe. u-
• tueutlug: that a charter bad been
'nted to Iloniilnglon Fall". This
add hnve beep Moundnry Fulls.
Provincial BxecUttve H.OO]
Reports were received from organls- j
er and  various commutes.
It was decided that at many rom-
rades its possible should co to South
Vancouver on the 15th July, on an organising trip, ami to Gibson's Landing on the 2'..'n.l July.
The next masting of Local will take
place on Tuesday. *tnl July. Instead of
Monday.  Htimlniuii  liny.
The Financial Mecrrtary's report was
rn rived. Showing the following receipts:
Donated by a comrade 11 »0
('.illertlon,   Sunday     Zrx 00
Literature   tiileg         R0
4 50
Total    *!! 00
FKKDKltic PURR?, ■sect-star*.
j    Victoria   Advertisers     |
o— o
As a Provincial election in the Full
" l»y im means unlikely, the Provincial
ai' utlve Committee wishes to Impress
!'i"ni the members of 11. C. Locals the
"rent necessity of prompt   and early
""" In the matter of raising cftm-
dgn funds.   Usually In the putt this
"Iter has been left till the last mo-
"'"t, and generally Ihe result hns been
flint sitmo few  individuals  "tnye been
pompelled  to donate  or advance  the
it necessary for the enrryliiK on of
eampalgn.    This method is most
atlsfaciory and unbusinesslike. (The
''Inclal  Rxecutlve Is having pilnl-
i number of enmpalgn fund receipt
■*■•■. mid LOCali are urged to procure
"""a from the Executive Committee.
,;'ry  active member should  be  pro-
vl '"1 with one nnd should bo out niHt-
'"«•   Nanulniu Local, which took the
'"liatlvc In  this matter, has ordered
!>■ iiinkt.   The cost will be IB cents per
1""k of too recalpts.    Wvery receipt l«
1,1 be numbered nnd acknowledgement
should ij*. ninde lhi-i>ui;h the press by
lhe  receipt  number of each  donation
'Hi'.ism thu donor desires hlH niinie pnb-
To nil American Socialists:
Comrades:  —  During the past
years  the  eyes  of  the
 Ivlllscd   world;
have been turned eastward, breathlessly watching the development of a
drama, whose world-wide signlflennce
hns scarcely a parallel In the history Of
mankind: the struggle of the great
Russian nation to throw off the yoke of
For many centuries the Rtisstas
czars whose cruel tyranny in soarcely
or-nnlled hi the nnnals of human hla
tory have been weltering In the blood
Of |i nation until Its very life sap has!
become WSll-nigh exhausted. Many
nnd generous have been Ihe self-sacrificing efforts of noble heroes to arouse
the groaning giant to a consciousness
of his power to assart his human rights
and to resist oppression. In vain! Mil**
lions of tollers ble.| and slurvcd     and
rule of
blllty of
inn with
groaned, hut submitted to th
the  csar-vaniphes and  their
men. despairing of the post-
ever throwing off their yoke,
the advent of capita-'-'»"'';,,,;^;:,rt
of Industry In hitherto purel5  agrlcul-
t-ml Bu«,a,the day of^tn'nKS
tha old rngirne wtea t ,lu,
ger at last arose In tni   i«
been dispensed In that form, but for
the vigilance of the local sanitary Inspector. The public may be assured
of 'ins, thai if the dootoring of putrid
mntliir as food, and the adulteration
of less Impure compounds is not as
prevalenl hate as In An>ariea it is solely "ii account of the greater probity of
onr  public  officers.    Capitalism   Is  the
same all over the world, and it rttsutds
to i.-.isoii that In a system In which
Private Ifain is tlm sole object of pro-
dui lion, ami Indlvliliial success Is re-
| Hiteil in. the highest (food, the general well lieing will be at B diae.uint.
and will always be mil weighed by considerations of private profit. Nor can I
I'on-uient-e.'iters lay the flattering
Unction io ih.-ir souls that th«v ari
Immune from the machinations of thos.-
who poison oiij- fond Tor profit. There
• ue occasional seizures of large con-1
tignmenta of putrid fruit, which, but
for the vigilance of sumo ofl'leer,
would have been converted Into Jams
BJlfl Jelhes for the lal.ie. "What's done
We partly mny compute, but know not
What Is resisted."    We only hear of the
defection of the seizures, <>f the quantities Whtch escape detection nobody
knows except those who make a profit oul Of thern, and their wage-slavo*.
There are two factors which are
working for the establishment of the
Cp-operntive Commonwealth, viz.. the
organisation of industry and the organisation of the working olnsB. The
latter of these two processes It Is the
funclli.li of the S.ulalist parlies of the
wml to develop, the first process can
be (Wifely left In the hands of the capitalist .lass. The motive power of capitalism- Its Increasing search for pro-
tits — Is continually driving tt In the
diie lion   of   n,   better   organzalion   of
Industry.   Useless labor is being dis-
penseii ivlthj up-to-date methods and
the most efficient machinery are being
adopted and the wnste of competition
is being eliminated. Success in the
business world, belongs only  to those
Colonial Bakery
30  Johnson  St..  Victoria.  B.C.
Delivered  to any  part ol the city.    Ask
Driver   to   call.     Thon*   849.
I'o you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our •competitors.
re* -a. cii^sto-e
72 Csviraasst Strati, Victoria, I. C.
TM.Kt'HoSK 11779 a
Manslac'irer el
No 8 Centra Sl.
816 J} CI
Victoria    Representative • for
Hearst publications, as follows:
fi-iiiu-iM.li Kviiiuiner, l.os .\iigi*les IX-
aininci-, i lileago Vinci lean. New York
American, Huston Aiuei-loan; lloinc
nml Farm Wwkly, C'lilciigii; Cosmo-
p.illmn Mu^iuliii'. New York.
'O^^L mQH^S.
Also iiRent for tho following:
Seattle Times, Portland Oregonian.
San Francisco Chronicle, l,os Angeles
Prompt and regular dully delivery
service  to subscribers.
Advertisements of overy description
taken for any newspaper.
P. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. 0.
United Hatters of North America
When you  are  buying a  itllt HAT see to It
thut the Genuine Onion Label Is sewed ln It. If
a retailer has loose labels In his possession and
offers to put one In a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels In retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Onion Label ls perforated on foar
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOi iTIT. President, Orange, N. J.
MAKTIN LAWLOlt. Sii-i-i-tury, II Wuvrrly llsssjt*,
New York, Fotm
Saturday ..
} i
• M
H  11
i|  -
Inews and views!
® Edited by R. P. PEXTIPIKCJE, to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed.         ®
9 9
In spite of the sweltering heat, the
Grand Theatre, in this city, was packed to the doors on Sunday evening,
June 24th, to listen to Comrade Hawthornthwaite on political matters and
the coming campaign. The fact that
such a large audience was present and
listened with wrapt attention throughout, utterly unmindful of the uncomfortable conditions of the house owing
to the heat, and the almost unantmous
approval accorded the speaker's remarks, might be well taken by the
powers that be as at least one Indication that the Socialists of Vancouver
are ready to give them a run for their
money whenever they see fit to bring
on an election.
The speaker dealt almost excluslxely
with the political aspect of things, going over at some length the work of
the recent session of the house and
showing how the Interests of labor
cannot be safeguarded legitimately except through a Socialist representation
ln the house sufficiently strong to
force necessary measures through
against the combined opposition of
the parties of capitalism. The following extracts are taken from the report
of the meeting published in the
"World" on Monday, June 25th:
"Mr. Hawthornthwaite prefaced the
main part of his speech by remarking
that the people were probably face to
face with another provincial election.
From thia statement he proceeded to
remark that when he last spoke in
Vancouver he read a list of 21 measures
which he Intended to introduce. Nineteen of these and seven others, had
been Introduced. The first introduced
was extending the franchise to women.
He had gone back a little on the women of British Columbia since then.
They had not half the spunk of their
sisters in the old country. If they had
filled the galleries, these disgruntled,
atrophied old tories would have given
way to the demands of the wives and
daughters of the proletarians. He declared that he had made the effort of
his life on that occasion, but the house
seemed afraid of the speaker, an old
chap 60 years of age that any woman
could shake out of his boots. He urged
organization among the women of the
province, and promised that he would
continue to bring up this matter as
often aa was necessary till it waa inscribed on the statute book. Proceeding, Mr. Hawthornthwaite referred to
the introduction of a bill to amend the
coal mining regulation act, requiring
of foremen in mines a knowledge of
ambulance work. After he had made
It plain that this amendment would
have the effect of diminishing the sums
paid in compensation for Injuries, it
went through like clockwork. He said
he found It impossible to deal with the
eight-hour day question otherwise than
to get it to apply to one Industry, and
then, by subsequent amendments, to
other industries. His bill on the question did not become law, in spite of the
fact that workingmen in smelters were
the most Inhumanly exploited of any
workingmen in this province. Mr.
Maedonald, leader of the Liberal party, visited a number of the owners nf
smelters and Induced them to grant
an eight-hour day. When the matter
was introduced, said the speaker,
handed lt over to Mr. Davidson, who
went in aa a capitalist-labor member
and comes out a straight labor member. He Introduced the bill, and I accused Mr. Maedonald of bringing about
a condition of affairs In that house
which made it possible for capitalist
members to defeat the bill when It
next came up. The bill was lost by
two votes, because, lt was said, the
owners had already conceded the eight-
hour day. That ls true of some owners in the upper country, but on the
Coast, at Ladysmith and at Crofton,
the men are still working 11 hours a
day and 13 hours at night. Mark my
words, If tbe working classes do not
do their duty at the general election,
the eight-hour day which the smeltermen of the upper country have granted
win be withdrawn."
"The speaker briefly referred to the
shop regulation bill, the Vancouver Inland settlers' rights bill, and the bill
amending the steam  boiler Inspection
act.   In the case of the boiler bill, it
was introduced by Mr.  Manson, Conservative, and was designed to add another class to the classes of engineers
already recognised. The Engineers' Association   of   Vancouver   opposed the
bill.   It had been reserved till the last
day of the  session.  The  Lieutenant-
Governor  of  the  province  was  there
to close the house for     the    session.
When the bill came up at 5 o'clock in
the afternoon   the speaker counselled
obstruction.   He declared his intention
of reviewing the history of steam boilers ln a speech whtch would occupy at
least six or seven hours.   The bill was
withdrawn for the time.   According to
procedure, when it came up in the evening one vote was sufficient to throw
It  out.   The promoter of the bill offered a compromise,  and the speaker
agreed to allow the bill to pass provided the three amendments he had offered were accepted.   And those little
fellows that had voted against lt In the
afternoon," declared the speaker scornfully, "held up their dirty paws ln favor of lt ln the evening.   That showed
what three determined  men could do,
even if they have thirty-nine opposed
to them."   (Applause).
Speaking of the Columbia & Western
land grant and the Kaien Island deal,
he declared that he had nothing what-1
ever to do with "the band of adven- | six weeks hence.
turers."  Never  in  thc  history  of  the
house had he voted ln favor of a land
subsidy bill, and he never proposed to
do so, though his views on the question  of  land  subsidies  were  different
now* from  what   they  were  when   he
formed part of the independent labor
party, which was the tall end of the
Liberal party.    He claimed    that  the
Columbia   &   Western   bill,   as   Introduced   into  the  house  this  year,  was
not  a subsidy  bill.    The  subsidy  bill
was passed ten years ago, by a government composed principally of Conservatives,  but   the  railway compnny
did not comply with the terms and it
fell through.    The Semlin government
went into office, with such representative   Liberals  among  its  members   as
Mr. Joseph Martin. Dr. R. B. McKech-
nie and Ralph Smith.   The Semlin government went to work and re-enacted
that bill In 1898.   The speaker was one
of  three men who voted against  the
greatest subsidy bill ever passed in this
province, a bill in which the sum involved  amounted  to five  million  dollars,   and   included   provision   for   tne
building of the     New     Westminster
bridge,  even   although  it   included    a
subsidy to build a railway for his own
town of Nanaimo.   The great John Oliver was in favor of that bill.    Never
since the Socialist party was represented  in the house had  the government
brought In a subsidy bill.    What  the
house was called on to do with regard
to  the  Columbia  & Western   subsidy
was   to   decide   whether   the   railway
company, under the terms of the act.
had or had not completed their contract.   Mr. John Oliver got up and said
the company had not earned the grant,
and this was a new spbsidy.   The sessional  papers  of 1902,  on  the investigation of this blill, showed that John
Olver was a member of the committee.
They showed that Mr. McBride asked
whether, when section 1 was built, the
company was  entitled  to be paid  for
section 3, and when section 5 was built
they were entitled to be paid for see-
2.    Mr. Oliver replied  that the  grant
was earned by right, but was not payable till the following section had been
built.     (Laughter).      The      only   fair
thing to do, said the speaker, was to
let  the company  have  the land  they
had earned by building the road. These
land questions, he continued, were not
of interest to the working class.    The
land in the province was held by representatives of the capitalist class for
the capitalist class.   The working claas
was robbed at the point of production.
These land questions     were     simply
squabbles   between   sections   of      the
capitalist class.
"He tried to have the deposit re
quired from members reduced from
$200 to $50, but succeeded in having it
reduced from $200 to $100. Last elec
tion the Socialist party contested nine
seats and won three. Next election
they propose to contest every one of
the 42 seats ln British Columbia. Give
me nine men ln that house, he declared
and no business will be done till our
business is done; or we will force the
Liberals and the Conservatives
to tear the mask of hypocrisy from
their faces, and join hand in hand to
defeat the representatives of the working class.   (Applause).
"With a prefatory remark about the
crime of lete majesty, he said a capitalist who was distinguished above all
other capitalists in this country as the
largest employer of Chinese labor In
this province, and the most determined
and bitter opponent of trades unionism
in tho province, had been made, not
king, but the representative of the
king In the province. This was an insult to organized labor. (A voice: Tou
bet lt is). A greater Insult to labor
In this province could not have been
offered otherwise than by the selection of James Dunsmuir as lieutenant-
governor of the province. In the two
towns In his grasp. Union and Ladysmith, a meeting could not be held to
organize. No greater tyrant ever stood
in this country. There was no greater
law breaker in the province than the
man who had been made lieutenant-
governor. Bill Miner had been sent to
Jail for the remainder of hla natural
life because he stole $15 from the C. P.
R.; Dunsmuir was made lieutenant-
governor for breaking every law in the
interests and for the protection of labor in the province. The eight-hour
law was openly broken In his mines.
The trades unionists of British Columbia should arise — 'Arouse, ye
slaves!' — and protest with all their
might against this appointment."
An Incident occurred near the close
of the meeting that may well be taken
us a tip by designing politicians not
to allow their legs to be too vigorously
pulled by "decoy ducks" who may profess to be able to swing the vote of organized workingmen either for or
against their political schemes. An active member of one of the
unions of the city moved
a vote of confidence in Comrade Hawthornthwaite for his action in the recent session of the house, which was
promptly seconded, and carried with a
sweep that was to say the least significant. The only vote ln the negative
came from a couple of professors of
scientific Idlosyncracy, from the Car-
rail and Cordova street corner College
of Ideology. Take It all around the
meeting was a rouser and portended
trouble to come for the capitalist class
of British Columbia, and the outlying
districts that make up the rest of the
Tho collection taken amounted to
$27. Another meeting will probably be
arranged upon Comrade Hawthornth-
walte'fi return from the upper country
By Dr. W. J. Curry.
Sedition Kicked Out of tlie Appeal to
Ottawa, June 4th, 1906.
Editor Appeal to Reason, Glrard Kansas:
Sir, — I  have  to-day directed  that
the   order  excluding  your   newspaper
from  the  use  of  the Canadian  malls
be rescinded and the privilege of such
mail restored, to your newspaper from
thla date.
Tours faithfully,
"Eternal vigilance ls the price we pay
for liberty," and certainly the hard
kicks that our Postmaster Genernl has
received from the 16.000 subscribers of
the Appeal to Reason In Canada nnd
from numerous trades unions and those
who protested against the suppression
of the press has doubtless taught the
•powers that be" and their political
agents some important facts regarding
the class struggle that they were before Ignorant of.
It is needless to say that tn the next
general election this "Russlnn method
at Ottawa-' will be one of the heavy
clubs which the opposition will use on
the Laurier Government, and it is
more than possible that this, together
with certain emigration, timber and
other deals which are now exciting so
much sniffing and "watering at the
mouth" In certain directions may give
the next innings to the Conservative
From odors now arising there must
be  already  considerable  "muck  north
of the 49th parallel, and how it could
have gotten past the boundary line Is
a mystery which may never lie solved.
As yet we have no Lawson,  Russet
or Sinclair, but the man with the muck
rake is sure to come, and there is cer
tain to be a luxurious crop for him to
work on when he does comoe.
Our Meat Industry.
From present indications lt Is prob
able  there  will soon  be an  over-production of "potted ham, canned chick
en and pure leaf lard" on the market
and those who can afford such dainties
should seize this opportunity and se
cure  a  supply  as  the  opportunity   is
really too  good to last long.       H^
Owing probably to the ozone   of this
northern atmosphere our Canadian np-
petltes seem too robust to notice such
trifles as microbes ln our meat  or it
may be we have been vaccinated with
something  akin   to Christian    Science
and know that those conditions com
monly known  as  tuberculosis, cancer,
hog cholera and trichina nre but phantoms of the mortal mind and have no
real existence. M_~
It Is true, however, thnt during the
last session of our legislature a letter
written and sworn to by an ex-em
[ ployee of our Canadian cattle king was
read, showjng that a certain condition
existed in some slaughter houses and
meat markets of the Boundary country
as disgusting and dangerous as could
be found in Chicago.
The feeling of Canadians on tuberculous beef and hogs dying of cholera
Is apparently a matter beneath the serious notice of our Provincial statesmen or health officials and It has not
to our knowledge been mentioned from
our popular pulpit, press or platform.
Probably the Idea is that If people
care to indulge in such luxuries as diseased meat and ptomaines, It Is their
right to do so and any meddling in the
matter would be an infrtingement on
the peisonal lberty and business rights
of the stock raisers, the ment dealers
the doctors who do the dosing and the
gentlemen who attend to the corpse*.
"Individual liberty and Incentive"
where lt touches trade and commerce
Is too holy a thing to tamper with
and the zealous guarding of our beef
business Is specially sacred now that
a benign Providence is about to give
us the chance of securing some of the
prosperity formerly enjoyed by the
packing houses of Chicago.
It would be in order during the next
meeting of our legislature to have a
bill passed compelling our own beef
trusts to "secure" a government Inspector. Even If we have one already
there ls said to be safety tn numbers.
An equally efficient measure would
be to pass an act making it unlawful
for any quadrupeds or bipeds or other
beast sold aa food, from contracting
any disease or affliction whereby the
business Interests of the province could
suffer. It ls safe to affirm that If this
were done, no respectable or conscientious "critter" would dare entertain a
microbe of an objectionable nature.
This would cost less than thc government Inspector and would also prove
that our parliamentary representatives
can practice political economy as well
as other things.
Socialist's View of "The Man With tlie
That cry now ascending upward condemning the beef trusts ls after all but
the echo of the "bust the trust" proposition so often heard before.
It Is but the dying howl of the common yellow dog being devoured by thc
ever hungry husky—but the squeal of
the small hog being crowded out of
the swill trough by the heavy one. Of
course there ls added to the main
chorus of small capitalists the tones
of those who honestly object to being
fed and seolng others fed on filth
and disease germs.
All roads used to lead to Rome and
to-day all roads lead to Socialism. We
welcome  the literature   of   exposure.
Tbe man with the muck rake Is doing
Kood work. Lawson has dom i great
work, and as we predicted there Is no
"remedy" but Socialism.
Those "muck rakers" nre removing
stone by stone the foundation of eapitallst society and soon the flood of
revolution will finish the destruction.
There can be found no haven of rest
between a social system, built upon
the robbery of the producer with Its
foul products sold for profit and the
abolition of profit in the co-operative
commonwealth, and that fact becomes
plainer every  day.
In the laboratory "business enterprise" the alchemist of capitalism ls
ever ready to turn out legislatures und
laws, morals nnd manners, government
Inspectors and government certificates
at the shortest notice and the people
are fast finding It out. The morgue
of business enterprise may Indeed contain many ghostly products of diseased
meat, patent dopes or adulterated groceries, but what are those compared
with the profit?
It Is the producer whose suffering
we must consider. It ls the wage-slave
who bears the whole burden of the
world, and for every victim of Impure
food there Is brought Into the charnel
house of capitalism a thousand bruited
and distorted corpses of the working
class. We see three millions of Infants
who were starved and poisoned for
profit, hundreds of thousands of children worn to death through greed, millions of men and women whose lives
were ground Into luxuries for the social parasites, and all Inylng there In
nil the hldeousness nf outraged and
muidered slaves. These are facts. We
know that half the children of the
working class die before they are five
years old. That a million workers are
killed and maimed every year on this
continent. That nearly two hundred
thousand die annually In the United
States a horrible death from consumption due to the effects Of poverty and
that millions of others have their lives
crushed out every year by the fiend of
eapltalist  greed.
Add to this the awful Increase In
pauperism. Insanity, suicide, murder,
and prostitution, and who can dispute
the declaration thnt "the man to-day
under thirty knowing the condition nf
society und its cause and who It not
a revolutionist Is a moral Idiot. The
maddening part of It all Is that thoae
who pose as lhe Intellectual and spiritual guides of humanity are the bitterest opponents of the only meant by
which humanity can escape thlt hell of
capitalism In which the mattes are today engulfed.
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
As a  llrlll-hcr St*--* It.
1 be greatest obstacle to soclalltt
propngauiia in Cunada. Is, In my opinion, the conditions which exist
whilst society is pa-wing through, n
new stage of development. Thlt development Is tbe Mttlbtg of the farming and crazing lands of the West;
the exploitation of the mineral wealth
of New Ontario nnd British Columbia, and the great expansion of the
manufacturing Interests of the East.
Whilst all these things are In operation It Is not possible to appeal to
the data consciousness of the worker
with the same effect ns you could In
u state of fully developed capitalism.
If a laboring man working In, say
an Ironworks, revolts at the conditions
Of life and labor, well, he may clear
out and go west, or he may find other
work, railroad building or in the mines.
The demand for lnbor and constantly shifting habits of a large number
of workers, are a "safety valve" which
ward  off  the social   revolution.
Also, the Canadian worker as I hnve
found him. Is more concerned about
getting a better Job ln the next city
or the next province than he ia
of working out hls^eeonomlc salvation
right where he Is. This condition nf
things will not remain. The time will
come when all the waste lands of the
west will be taken up. All the mines
will be In working order, and the factories by "over-production" en use a
"slump" In the market, and limit the
production. The labor conditions will
be fixed and definite and our work
made easy. This la the case In Great
Britain now. In hiring men even
for the meanest work, the capitalist
Insists on his "unskilled" worker having hnd experience in a particular line.
Also he must not be more than a certain age (about 46 the limit). He must
bring a good character from his last
employer too, or his chances nf a Job
will be small.
In Canada It ts not so at present. I
hnve worked with men who were farmhands the year before, and I hnve
worked on the farm with men who
were formerly factory hands. Next
year they may be miners or saloon
keepers. This changing life Is characteristic of Canada at the present
time, and makes It difficult for us to
appeal to the workers. In this city
—Brantford for example. The Armenian laborers at one of the factories
struck, and proceeded to picket the
works in most business like manner.
Result: the superintendent "orders"
the police down, and promptly arrests
the ringleader who ts brought before the magistrate and fined ten dollars, lectured on the enormity of his
offence and threatened with a ten-fold
fine if he persists in persuading people not to scab his job. Not one protest have I heard against this thing.
"Well, If they don't like thc job
they clear out and go somewhere else
to work." This Is the common sentiment.
It ls proof, I think, of what I have
been endeavoring to explain, and If
I have misjudged things In my "sizing
up" I would like some Canadian comrade to put me straight.
Sells all
Over the
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
Cor. Abbott OU Cordova St*. Old Co*. Building.
R. H. K., Victoria. — Your communication will appear next Issue.
There teems to be no quesUon but
that Vancouver i/ocul will have u full
ticket of five candidate* In the field
in the coming provincial campaign.
Every workingman In H. C. should
Immediately see to it that their names
appear on the voters' lltt. A worker
without a vote Is of less value than
a  white  chip.
Roosevelt haa been empowered by
Congress to dig a lock canal at Pnn-
imui as fast aa he pleases. The "strenuous" gent can now work .»ff SOOM of
his energy with pick and shovel.
As a resutt of the nn-nt Danlth flections Ihe Koclallsts have tncreatw-d
their representation In parliament
from U members to 24. Knm<- old at.-ry
of cause of labor forging to the front
wilh tireless persistency.
Socialist Party I/..alt throughout It
C thould get busy. If the ele.-tt.int do
not materialize In November. II will
he seen after, and the sooner the party
hat Its deposit money — and randl-
■tales elected — the better, tex-lall*!
campaigns should never cease.
Political platforms may he written
In few words. Stripped of all unnecessary verbiage that of capitalism
would rend: The capitalisation of Industry and production for profit. l*p<m
tin- other hand the platform of 80s l.il-
Ism would be: The Socialisation of Industry and production for use.
Probably one of the moat likely In
dlciitlons of a nearby election Is th-
movement tn Vancouver for "Independ
ent" candidates — with an attempt <m
the part of labor "leaders" to ugnln
make organised laborers the tall to
capitalist politicians' kite.
We shall site what we shall see.
Capitalist property makes the luw
The law protects eapitallst property
Thnt Is what It Is made for. Therefore
it Is the bounden duty of the wage-
slave, who upon the average hasn't a
decent thlrt to his back, to support the
iH.litlcui parties of capital. He is an
exceedingly  good  thing.
ruder Ihe euphonious title of "Trade
Disputes During Ihe Month of May."
the June Ijabour Oasette reports 17
rows between masters and slaves, with
a loss to the latter of 4S,«76 days employment. This Is an Increase from
''ft.r-r-O days In April, and from 4.710 in
May, litis,. This does not show any
appreciable strengthening of the ties
of kinship between brothers Capital
and   Ijabor.
According to the current Labour Oasette M0 working people were victim*
uf Industrial accident* during the
month of May. Of these accidents 114
were fatal, while the Injuries received
by the remaining 14< are reported a*
serious. No capitalists received any
Injuries during that period except auch
as resulted from over-indulgence In
boose, or from gluttony.
AlHIOTT    HTIlF.r-.-T.
llrat (Iuhm liar.        KioeHrnt llnorna.
This is Our
without reservation of say ki-<
Th* choice of hundreds of n-g-'i _,
perbly tailored and tanlUeesIf (»•_.
iotM-d 91(1 to fao Hutu fur
$10.00       j
Full suid complete lines in almct-t
every style — garamnts that mm
made to sell at almost twk« on
price* now asked for iliem ar* h«n
ia a profusion of styles and fii„i-i
Sever before was our < lnlm, "w>
gtve moat for your munr-y," to dav
Iv  dernorutrattti.
Second Hand Oealer
Cook    Htovee    ana   Tools   t
2   «It»Ulty.
*'e buy and aell all   kinds .,(
scrap   metal,     old    machinery,
J  rubber, sacks,  bottles, etc.
Htorns— 1.1*1 Cordova St.. E,
hardware A Jumk. 101 I'ow.'l
St.. aww and second Im ml furniture.
•*■*•*• 1171       ViKarmr, 1.1.
Telephone 2291.
HaxUlary Exports.    Humhlng Is  sn
it* branches.       Eatlmat.-a futnlthwi.
Repairs, stow connections, etc.
Mf VCSTJ.IMUI MY., tana* fat.
Single copies, 6 cents
copies, 16 cents: IE eopiet, 60
cents; 40 copies, gt.i'". '■'■
copies and over, i cent* per
These rates Include postage ♦
to any part of Canada or tht f
United Kingdom.
"The Western Clarion" •
*^^V*|>rf4^<f^4^^4ft9f ff fff * ■
I'rlt-iis Moderate.
Practical ImI
^^^^^^   wl thu liii
lUartMld* Boots ami Sht*t lo onlr. It
sll sty***.   KsMlitsf t-r-Miil-U? *">' *>".'-
ly don*.    Stock of tuple rndy-am*
Shots tltrtyt os lit u.i
MMWssfaMirAn.      Msssl tiuutl
A census hss been recently taken In
Alberta, Manitoba nnd Saskatchewan.
This haa also included statistics regarding the sixe of farms, acreage under crop. This Is tn enable the business
world to keep close tab upon the farmer and prevent him escaping with
anything but his life.
IKH HICKI..KPK11S: If y„„ u„ liam tnr tutf, instead of Coal or
wood, yo„ have at least an hour more each day for other work, or
for recreation.
The reduction In the price of fr***-.| oas, which goes into efteot
■n July, plat-,** this convenience within the reach of all.
We sell the Oas Hot Plates and Ranges at coat prioe.
r..n TKV,HI',IONE sl—nnd  our representative will Mil and glv you
lull particulars.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.


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