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The Western Clarion Nov 10, 1906

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Atontf ^,,,r __-_-      %>
nm i"
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, November 10, 1906
m io .900
asswrlptioB Price #*■ nfl
psa ___.       31.UV
Comrade English of Winnipeg Doubts the Infallibility of J.
j Ramsay MacDonald M. P. who Judged the Canadian Socialist
j Movement Prom a car Window and a Pink Tea Function.
•r    th* Editor of the Voice: Jlegcd representatives of Labor have
Si    Alter publishing the article by I climbed into thc limelight t*f British
ii.'.,! Mic.w«lil clipped Imni tk]|>olititil lilt. When the English
it, r Leader, giving that gentle- . working people "narrow" their poli-
'"' "    "s of the "Canadian Social-'! tical action down to the program of
* _ __■ *_      L___t -I, .      C__.l_.11__-     _i _i _.;	
,,, .   ins*  v,   •■—«  —--. -
i,"   a i haps » t«w remarks in cfiti
M„ of those view* would   not    be
"The gi»» °' M* criticism is that
i., Socialist* in Canada do not tbU
j,,w tlie lattics pursued in Kngland
l,v tliese alleged Socialists who com-
i nise a part of lhe Independent Lain.r I'arty of tbat country. Going
further, he speaks of thc "barrenness
„, the present Socialist propaganda
in British Columbia where its success
appear* to be men. marked." He
next assures us that, "this province
(British Columbia) is ripe for Sn
ciahsm and Ubor." Speaking further
of tin- movement in British Columbia
lliis is thc first Canadian province
to develop thc economic and political
sta'te from which a Labor and Social*
ist movement like ours grows up.
uith-.n ten year* a legislature here
could be dominated by our people.
But unless there is a change, culy a
wild, seething strife will be kept up.
The Socialists will continue to. play
(into the  hands of the reactionaries, ^
the Socialists they may then achieve
the "barren" results the working people of Hritish Columbia arc seeking j
to achieve.    Until that time tlu-y will
tied  all   the  comfort   the  contemplation   of  the   |*lories  of  John   Bums,
Macllonald et al mav give I hem.
L. T. B.
Winnipeg, Oct. 23, 1900.
—Winnipeg  Voice.
Candidate for Congressman-at-Large,
Another mile-stone in thc age-long
struggle for human freedom will toon
bc passed. In Colorado it is no longer an abstraction, it is a man.   One
whose native strength has developed
in   fighting  the  battles  of   his class.
Men felt the thrill of thc revolution
when   they   found   deeds   taking  the
place of phrases.   The class struggle
was in action.
^^^^^^^^^^__      We have stepped the hangman; we
..! the magnificent opportunities of   must go on till thc jail doors swing
tritish Columbia will never bc seized   outward.
upon." The    class war    still  rages.    The
The  Socialist  party <f  Canada  is   scenes are  merely  shifted.    It must
certainly  a  revolutionary  party.     It   go on until thc cause is removed.  It
where puts  forward  or  advocates   doesn't matter that the battlefield is
iv 11 that class of legislation known   a court room.    In class conflicts the
reforms cr palliatives,     lt points , judge's decision is more certain than
nut that  labor power or the human!the  stern  arbitrament  of  war.    Let
productive energy oi the workers bl Pilate,    Jeffries    and    Taney    bear
;i commodity, i. e., a thing for sale, (evidence of this.   The agony of cross
and whose price (wages) is ever dc- J and fagot, prison and scaffold, eric*
tcrmined, not by the wishes or dc* - from tne judge's scat  and  each 10-
i-res o( any man or set of men, but (morow indicts him as thc arch crim-
I-wholly by thc condition cf thc mar- j inal of yesterday.
Iket.      It    asserts    in no    uncertain.    But for  the agitation of the soc-
iertiM that as long as the means of | talist party    Moyer,    Haywood  and
j>roduJiion   (mines,   mills,   factories, < Pettibone  would, ere  this, have cx-
etc.i retain their character of capital,: piated by death on thc scaffold the
ih;it is, owned by capitalists for the  crime of loyalty to the working class.
purpose  of  exploiting  or   making  a  The machinery was in readiness. Pcr-
'■rniii out of labor, just  so long will jjurcd   Pinkcrlons  stood  ready  to  do
■   --- "     the work in a court  room that  had
I been  dedicated to thc  rifle and  ma-
An Account of the Luxurious Accommodations furnished
by the Wellington Cottery Company for the Transportation
of its Slaves to and from Their Daily Punishment
Canadian   workingman-tbere isn't sny thing  under either shell  worth
betting on.
Written for the Western Clarion by Eugene V. Debs.;
ubor bc held in thc market as an ar-
tu-le of merchandise, and the very
lues of the working people hopelrss-
jnd helplessly at the mercy of the
ds and requirement* cf that ***ar
iket. lt unwaveringly pTOclt'ttt* that
rn. law written on thc statute* of tins
1 iintry can bet'er »o any appreciable
extent or in -sny permanent way the
condition of the great mass oi the
wage-earners, ami that the only program wnich can premise anything to
the serfs of capital is to own collcc-
tively the means by which they mu»t
»ve -collectively, beqtuse the very
tools and instruments of production
arc collective things, ie., they require
the collective labor of the workers
to operate them—to the end that they
may c masters of the r own means
of livelihood; free men and free women who work and produce for themselves anu command the product of
their own labor.
To carry this program into effect
nn-ans that the working people must
In- virluc of their strength of numbers
or their    political    supremacy, seize
hold of thc rein* of government, now
wholly in the hands of that class In
human society known as thc capital-
ist class.    Thi* i* the "class war ' ami
the   "class consciousness" which  Vr.
Maedonald call* a  "cold, aggressive,
academic  formula."     It  may be  so.
This political struggle of the proletariat, thc working class, is no child s
play     The    political    party    of the
working  class  in   its   war   with   the
p-wcrs  of  reaction   and   oppression.
otherwise known as "vested rights,
must be no les cold, aggressive and
calculating than the thing which Oppose, it.    It must pursue relentlessly
it* purpose unstayed by the threats
of its avowed enemies or turned aside
and lost in the fog and confusion m
which thc Independent  Ubor Party
"f   Kngland   is  floundering   without
purpose, without  aim,  and   in  place
of deeds, excuses and promises.
The 'wo elected representatives ot
the Socialist party in thc British Columbia legislature have accomplished
more in the brief interval since their
-"Section  in the  way   of  introducing
bills  in the legislature calculated to
remedy  jn   some  way  some  of   the
calling features and conditions of tne
working people  in   B.   C.  than   the
winds  fifty-five  members elected  ot
the I.L.P. even attempted in the British parliament, but not    one    good
word has Mr. Maedonald in recognition  of  thi*.     In  fact,  he  displays
the typical middle-class Englishman s
most maddening trait in no small de-
urec-self  sufficiency.     He  stigmatizes that aa "barren" which is more
fruitful of endeavor than cither he cr
his whole party.    He comes from a
country,  the  servility,   docility,  and
"ieck unmanly slavishness of whose
working-clas* is a byword among the
'"ore  sturdy  representatives  of   the.
working-eras* on   this  western  continent, who are grappling with problems arising out  of a  more higniy
pctfected form of capitalism than exists in  that country  of  semi-feudal
institutions.       The    "victories      he
speaks of are no victories at all.   The
wn-TKing people of  England are  no
better ofl because a few shallow al-
chiue gun in thc strike
lt was the intention to try these
men quickly--convicted by a jury
that needed nothing but the gold of
their accusers as evidence of their
gudt, sentenced by a court that had
passed judgment before trial, strangled where their death groans would
be unheard.
Thc   plot   failed.
Thc penitentiary's doors had no
sooner closed on thc destined victims than thc socialists took up thc
cry. lt was caught up by the working class. Never before since the
bastile was engulfed in the rage of
France have prison walls received
such assault from the people. Thc
cry of thc condemned was not to go
out in silence. It was on a world's
lips. They were not to perish miserably in the dark-, the light of millions of copies of an emancipated
press fell upon them, and their prison
was higher than thrones. Capitalism
pilloried them for the scoff and jeer
of thc weak, but that pillory is the
loftiest height in the land.
Galveston, Texas, was pulled off to
the satisfaction of thc city administration. Every witness, including the
policeman who arrested him, said
that he had done nothing out of the
way; but he was found -guilty and
fined $50. Thc case had been appealed to the county criminal court
and an able lawyer employed. The
court will sit November 5. All who
can _
speech should ,^^^^^^^^^^
tions promptly to G. 1. Hayford,
state committeeman, Seventh congressional district, Galveston.
Thc socialist aldermen of Milwaukee, Wis., gave their capitalist
members of the city council a severe
jolt recently by submitting resolutions of sympathy with thc striking
moldcrs of that city. The old party
politicians were paralyzed but did not
dare oppose    the    resolution, which
Upright large drill    aa '*  25
broke ,the .records   of   history   and
passed without a word and with only
two dissenting votes.
"If hc  should  die,"  he .would  meet
his fate as serenely as did Socrates
The old parties open and close
tneir office-seeking campaign wilh
spectacular demonstrations, inspired
chiefly by vapid oratory and cheap
There is no principle involved. It
is simply a question of. capturing the
offices—of getting the spoils. The
plans arc laid long in advance and
in due time thc campaign is "opened"
in the same old way.
The spread-eagle orator rides in
advance of the profession in a decorated carriage, while tne dupes bring
up thc rear afoot and shout them.
selves hoarse iu seeming exultation
over  their  degeneracy.
Thc same old speech is made and
cheered again and again as the Columbian orator points to the "old
flag" and warns his listeners that it
must be saved from the desecration
of the  enemy.
The "issues" of the campaign, having been brushed off and polished up,
are thoroughly ventilated, and the
crowd, having been duly inspired and
perspired by the parade and harangue,
are now launched upon "the most
important campaign" in all history.
The "keynote*' speech has been delivered and the "vital issues" are before the people.
Whether the party is Conservative
or Liberal, Republican or Democratic, it is all the same.
Thc platforms arc all bombastic and
meaningless. Between the* lines they
all read precisely alike Loaves and
They will declare in favor of anything, or launch their patriotic wrath
upon anything that promises to give
them an extra vote.
That any workingman should be
stupid cnougii to serve as cat's paw
in such a performance would be
strange enough, but when we see
large numbers of them doing service
n that degenerate role, we get some
idea of the extent   to    which   they
have  been  debased  in  the  capitalist
Contrast with thc capitalist campaign, thc essentially corrupt chase
for spoils, the educational campaign
of the socialists.
It is neither "opened" nor dees it
close,     it continues.
It does not cease when the polls
close, but goes right along as if on
the eve of another election.
Thc Socialist Party is in the field
to stay until the enemy is driven from
it and the field is won.
This can not be accomplished in
a day.
Socialists  understand this.
Their patience is equal to their persistence.
They comprehend the nature of the
struggle and they know beyond perad-
venture that the final triupth is but
a. question of time.
Your old  mis-called   Lmcral  party
is playing on its last string.
\v ith its capitalist instincts and middle-class   interests   it   is   doomed   to
As tne auctioneer would say: ^Going, going and — Gone!" ""**
Like our own Democratic party the
only thing that is left of it is its appetite.
This hybrid aggregation out of the
way, the field will be clear and the
class struggle will blazon forth in
bold relief.
The working-class are bound to see
it and bound to join the Socialist
Party, the only party pledged to their
emancipation from wage slavery.
I am gratified to note the activity
of our comrades in British Columbia
From all indicatione the continuous campaign is vigorously supported
there and the outlook is all that could
be reasonably expected.
The continuous campaign will end
only   in  thc   Socialist   Republic.
Austin, Texas.
It would  be  easly seen  from my
letter dealing with1 the actual working
conditions  of  tbe   Extension   miners
that by far their greatest grievance
and hardship is to be found in their
daily ride to and fro from the mine.
Of course, to a mind of such solidified density as that of the editor of
the local "Ledger" this bald staiement
of fact may take on the colors of exuberant  fancy.     To tbe miner   who
has to ta»e this twelve mile trip back
and forth to his work, fancy has long
since been  banished  from  the  question.    It is alweys a sere with him,
which a very little irritation renders
virulent, that he should be denied the
privilege   of   choosing   his   place   ot
residence.     He is ever ready on the
slightest provocation, to buck against
the grafters and boosters who have
reduced him to the merest human automaton in their schemes of money
grabbing.      But   on  the train   question he has long. since realized the
utter inadequacy, the feeble impotence
of  mere  language to    express    his
smothered passion and seething disgust.    The ride is a tiresome  nuisance in the summer, and a weary and
entirely unnecessary addition  to  his
working day.    In the winter, the season we are now in, it is still these two
things, but with other and more grievous conditions  added.     It  is as a
matter of fact and not of fancy, pretty
near unendurable.    It carries with it
all. manner  of  physical discomforts,
and  even    the    gravest  dangers to
health and life.
I had once and once only, thank
heaven) occasion to travel up to Extension in the dead of winter by this
miners' train, lt was an experience
never to be forgotten. Of course 1
could have gone up in comfort as a
passenger in the section of a car reserved for officials and travellers, but
1 had heard of the cars, of their terrors and discomforts, and resolved
to see them for myself. I shall never regret this voluntary self-sacrifice of mine in the service and inter-
Let me describe what
miner has no lungs, or oughtn't to
have, no more than he has or ought
to have any brains, and so he lives
through what wou'd drive a mule
into  a   galloping  consumption.
Well then, either end of the car is
as cold or colder than it is out in the
open. On the occasion of my trip
the snow and sleet had driven all
the nigut through the shutterlest
windows. Quite halt the seats were
streaming with snowy water and the
floor was a splashing icy pool. And
so into this wet, freezing, poisonous
refrigerator, seated in half the cases
on a snow wet scat with feet on a
slippery floor of icy water, the miner
is conveyed to this work almost literally as so much frozen meat.
In the middle section of the car
there is the other extreme of physical discomfort. The stove has been
fired up until it is a red, glaring mass
of metal. All the same, rather than
endure the perishing cold of the end
sections, men will maintain their
seats   near   tne   stove,  preferring  a
frizzling to a freezing, Those of
them that can make it, perch their
head and shoulders out of the windows, and so they reach- Extension
frozen cattle as to their heads, and
smoked hams as to the nether portion of their anatomy. Now this applies to the four seats fronting, and
the two seats on the side of tbe stove.
The second seats mav be warm, but
the third and fourth ire in the temperate zone; and, as already stated,
the end sections are below zero. Notice also that I have spoken of open
windows. It is aU very well for" the
man who is baking his hams to try
and equalize his discomforts by freezing his head. But it is an aggreva-
tion of the dire circumstances of his
fellow wno has not secured a stove
seat. Even in the end sections, tbe
smoke-laden and evil smelling atmosphere constrains a man to open
the window. What it means to the
man who is in the teeth of the
draught, and who is already congealing into a human icicle on his
snow-wet seat, the reader  can  best
ests of truth.     _.,.. ...-   -,.. ----  —-.-.   -. -     --        - — _,-•
I saw as smply and faithfully as 11 imagine for himself.  Moreover, there
can.    If the Ledger man desires ai*|are holes in the floors of the cars,
ncs thereof"  for  the working  class.
will sit November 5.   mi who , .-v*  .	
help   thc    Galveston comrades Their positon left no room  for  the
ally    in   this     fight   for   free I capitalist system.    Is it strange that
should forward their contribu-   thc system sentenced them to death,
~    "**"    "    '    that the court attempted to carry out
the  mandate    The question  now  is,
Which shall die first?
Let us look at the matter calmly.
Thc crime committed against these
men is evidence that old forms and
laws no longer meet the needs of
society. They restrict thc privileges
of capital; htyc can give neither
bread nor liberty to the worker. For
fundamentally opposite reasons that
they are attacked, they must perish.
You may choose what shall take their
When a system is attempting to
push  back  thc day of its doom  ,it
■ ■die .. -v     — reveals its source and the method* by
The hate of Capitalism can always I which it is sustained.    For the ster-
bc measured by the strength of the eotyped occasion the precedent of a
From its inccp-1 yesterday that harks back to the day
resistwice it meet*. .
tion thc Federation was a class or
ganization. It has not won its commanding positon by betrayal of thc
unorganized. It uas changed industrial conditions wherever it has secured a foothold. The wageworkers of
thc West receive at least half a million more per week because of it.
Add to this the spirit it inculcates. Its
oiwters nave "^V "Tpef Sat
pregnant hinges of the knee that
K    r\   ._:_•,.   tr, lmv   fawni
have    never
thrift" might follow  fawning."  They
Lovs  looked  level  into the eyes  of
the'mister a„d asked conditions par-
Ull™b!fitting men, not ve.lmg  the
m the other for the code    Their
when thc rising capitalist class wrote
their charters in the light of their
interest suffices, but industrial development has pushed the interests of
capital beyond the limits of the Declaration of Independence and the constitution.
When our institutions were founded there were vivid memories of a
master's heavy hand—government in
tcrference in business—and they set
limits to the arbitrary action of the
t-ler. Now conditons are reversed,
interests are enthroned, business is
interfering in government . The
boundaries set have become prison
walls. The safeguards of individual
liberty stand in restraint of corporate interest, and that interest is su-
platform was
ar   101    ii.v   v	
"the earth and thc full-
preme.   -
The constitution has
become    too
narrow for the liberties of the citizen
and the nrivileges of the capitalist
to co-exist.
The courts have voiced the words
of Sherman Bell.
If the constitution is to be sent
to hell whenever its provisions protect thc worker against thc greed
or revenge of a corporation, the capitalist will soon find that he must
repair to thc shades of the infernal
regions when he would invoke its
protection for his privileges.
At every point the interest of the
capitalist comes in conflict with the
welfare of society. His whole energies are spent in finding the point
at which profits will be largest, the
science of taking the most and giving
the least. He has no other function,
as a capitalist, than the absorption
of the fruits of industry. In his eyes
whatever diminishes dividends is to
be overcome. Men and government
are but vast machines in his hands;
he uses the one to make profits
and the other to protect them. Wrest
the control of government from him,
and labor comes into its heritage.
Capitalism pushed to the limits has
dropped its mask, thrown to the
winds the forms of law; is prepared
to destroy whatever may oppose, to
kill whatever shall withstand it. The
only way to keep it from committing
murder is to take the guns from it.
Workers, the socialist vote registers the intelligence oi the working
class in Colorado. What lessons have
you learned in the outrages and betrayals of thc last four years What
message have you to send to the
men who have given their freedom—
may yet give their lives—for you?
What answer to the bloody system
imaginary picture he can get one at
first  hand   by  merely taking  a trip
up any one of these stormy mornings.
The cars I found stood out on an
open side track, exposed to all thc
force 01 whatever weather providence
for the time was -ispensing to sinful
humanity.     The cars themselves are
about the length of an ordinary C. P.
R. passenger car, and are divided into
a middle and two end sections.    In]
the   central   section was  placed  the
stove, but not every car can boast of
a stove.     In place of windows, the
cars are provided with sliding shutters, which, when open, let in light
(when there is any) and air and all
that the air is laden with.    When the
cars are left in the siding for the night
these shutters are never attended to,-
and the same during the day.   Thus
it will be seen that, winter and summer, fully half or more of the inside
of the car shares   with   the   outside
the full burden of whatever weather
may be going.
On the morning of my memorable
visit things were as cheerless and terrifying  as   anyone  could   well  wish
for.    The night had been wild, with
storms of drifting snow and driving
sleet, and the morning was  so icily
damp as to pierce through and almost
paralyze the vitals in a minute.   Picking one's way gingerly and cautiously
over  the  rough  and slippery   roads
one saw scores of flickering and nodding lights rapidly converging on the
car siding.     And there was no loafing to work in it.    Every man was
out  after  a   record  apparently,  and
a very few minutes exposure to that
early  freezing  weather   drove  yours
humbly into the hunt, regardless of
all   hidden   dangers  and   darkly  defined obstacles.    And then the cars.
The cars!    The  picture   would fit
into any corner of  Dante's  Inferno,
lt belongs there as of right.    Every
car is a dim smoking arctic zone at
either end, and a red sweltering hell
in the center.     1 nere are no lights
to the cars, and the miners, or some
of them, burn their pit lamps.   One
lamp   gives   off   enough  black,  evil-
smelling smoke to darken and poison
a landscape; let the  reader  imagine
what half a dozen or more of them
will do in a low, confined car.    Added to the smoke of the lamps is the
smoke from tobacco pipes,  the two
combining with the odour  from the
greasy mining clothes to form an at-
.-.,.-.,1,.,,-..   u/hii-h  would  poison  any-
mosphere   which  would   poison   any
thing with lungs to it.    Of course a
that must go back to the tyrannies of
forgotten kings to find precedent for
its infamy?
You men of the trenches, soldiers
in freedom's army, bearing the,bur
dens of the campaign with no qther
hope than one day to share with the
race the rewards your sacrifices
hoped to bring—you will not fail
now. Never did the world need you
more than now. You arc to dc
things that will become a part of all
men's lives. There could be no future
for- the race without you.
Your hand, my comrades!—-Appeal
to Reason.
some of the doors will not remain
shut, and those that will are holed
and cracked and all these add their
quota to the icy draughts fleeting
through that rushing train.
This is the picture as I saw it with
nothing added and    nothing    taken
away.     Every car was the same that
morning, except that in one there was
no fire at all and this often happens.
Let who will look upon it, not the
basest creature of them alll can lessen   its  manifold   -orrors.     It  is  a
crying    scandal, clamoring    in    vaii*
to tbe ears and hearts of the bloodless boosters and smug, complacent
preachers for redress. That a body qf
white men should ever have submitted  to such   a  scandalous  provision
ought to be all the proof that any
person could ever ask for of the real
and actual conditions of slavery into
which labor has been forced by Capital's gilded rule.    That it should be
allowel  to continue  without  a  protest of apy kind from any church or
Cnristian    organization,    from    any
priest or others of the superior persons whose  hearts are  always  with
the poor, the weak and the oppressed,
ought to convince every  toiler that
he himself alone must work his own
salvation.    Some of us in Ladysmith
have learned our lesson and learned
it   thoroughly.     Others  of  us   have
only  reached  the  objurgatory  stage
as  yet.      these   cars   cannot   fail   to
carry the lesson home to its logical
and  inevitable  conclusion.      Personally, I regret that my early beliefs
should have paled and withered in the
dry cold light of reason-* for I should
have been pleased to think that the
cause and author of all this suffering
would one day catch his turn in that
raging sulphurous inferno with which
in our youthful days the lurid preacher  used to scare us into well doing
and the fear of the Lord.    I am not
alone in this.   There are others. Hundreds of others.
Now I   have  been moved  to this
rather lengthy    description    of  this
Dunsmuir engine of terror and possible  death   for   two  reasons.     The
first is that the thing itself calls for
publicity,  clamors  for  exposure.     If
a community of white men will lay
down to such a damnable exercise of
capitalistic   power,   then     indeed    is
there no hope for the future of labor.
The second is that there is a side of
the question which is not understood
as  it  ought  to be.     "What  I  can't
see," one often hears the victims remark, "is  why   Dunsmuir  should incur  the extra  expense of running a
train."     They reckon the cost  up in
a   groping  kind   of  a  way,   and   are
staggered by their resultant  figures.
Even if DunsnuiT did make a small
fortune out of the sale of lots on the
to-vnsite, they can sec that it cannot
have nearly paid for the expenses of
running   a   train.     Astounding   is   it
not that  they don't  see   that  Dunsmuir never suffered the less of a cent
on account of the train?    The old-
timers will tell you how wages have
come down and the price of mining
(Continued on page three.) i  -
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WUffU "»"""*  ^^«ttr_BL   BmiTllH OOLWgA.
» sKunatber t^ ^
Ilis Western Clarion
PubHshM every Saturday to the
internets of the working clese alone
at tke Offlce of tke Weetera Clarion.
meek Bloek baeameot, 166 Hastings
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Address all communications to
Box 836,
Vancouvr, B. C
Wateh this laMl ca your par
per. If this tmahtar la oa it,
•four eufcecrlptf on expiree tha
Saturday, November io, 1906
Secretary Taft, the Republican fat
man, who is being judiciously groomed for the presidential race in 1908,
was sent into the state of Idaho by
Roosevelt during the recent campaign
to make a couple of speeches on behalf of the notorious Governor Gooding who was up for re-election on
the Republican ticket. The dispatch
from Washington announcing bis
coming read as follows:
"That President Roosevelt thoroughly approves the course taken by
Governor Gooding in prosecuting the
men charged with the murder of ex-
Governor Steunenberg can no longer
be questioned. It was officially announced today that Secretary Taft,
the strong man of the administration,
at the special request of the President will speak at Pocatello, Friday,
Nov. 2, and at Boise next day, in
order that the people of Idaho may
know that the sympathies of the National Administration are with Gov.
Gooding and those who stand with
liim for law and order." ■
That the despicaole Gooding is the
chief tool enlisted in the service of
the controlling capitalist interests of
Idaho and Colorado for the purpose
of murdering the officers of the Western Federation of Miners, is well
known to thousands of American
working men.
That the federal administration, if
not a direct party to the murderous
conspiracy is at least bound to be in
sympathy with it, is perhaps not
clearly understood by the average
unthinking workingman. To the Socialist, however, it is a foregone conclusion. Understanding, as he does,
the character and purpose of government, he would readily recognize
tnat an act aimed at the working
class of any state, no matter how
brutal, ferocious and murderous,
would be condoned, if not openly
backed up, by the entire machinery
of government from top to bottom.
The government of a state is but
part and parcel of that which makes
up the sum total of the repressive
power upon which the capitalist class
depends for the maintenance of its
economic dominion over the producers of wealth, the slaves of factory,
mine and field. As the instrument of
the capitalist class, government, in
its every department, must protect
and defend the interests of that class,
even   though   it   becomes   necessary
to resort to the foulest crimes in the
entire category.
It is by no means strange that this
fat man, Taft, was sent to
Idaho to aid in securing to
the villianous Gooding another term
of office in which to carry out his
murderous intentions, against the imprisoned officers of the W. F. M. He
nas already successfully caned out
equally honorable missions in both
Panama and Cuba. In each case he
has proven a valuable instrument in
carrying out the wishes of the present ruling class, whose infamous
system of plunder, carried on under
the euphonious names of business,
trade and commerce, splits human
society into two warring factions—
masters and slaves—and makes of the
world merely a theatre of exploitation by the former and a shambles for
the latter.
Some there are among the enslaved
class, the workers, who will fail to
note the bond of sympathy between
the federal administration and Gooding's conspiracy to murder, so plainly
expressed by the sending of Taft to
Idaho.     In  fact thc  great majority
of them will not *ee It, for the reason
that they are yet at blind ai bats to
the class antagonism existing in human society today, and therefore believe government to be something intended to establish justice and protect the weak against the strong, -.he
adjectives necessary to properly em-
)phasizc the superlative qualities of
foolishness possessed by those who
still entertain such notions, arc unprintable. Government spells coercion, repression. It expresict itself through the exercise of its power
on behalf of the governing class, by
protecting the interests of this class,
as against those over whom its rule
is exercised. The only class to be
governed is the class that produces
wealth, the working class. Present
governments exist for no other purpose than to hold the workers in subjection to the exploitation of .heir
•economic ...asters. tnis system
of exploitation has been threatened
by the attitude and fine of action recommended to the working class by
the now imprisoned officers of the
W. F. ti., and others. As soon as
the thieving interests, represented by
the corporations and combines, scent
danger to their schemes, and the only
danger Chat can seriously tnrcaten
can come only from an awakened
working class, all the powers at their
command arc set in motion to ward
it off. It matters not whether thc
measures taken are in accordance
with previously laid down rules and
regulations Known as iaw or not.
Whatever needs to be done must be
done provided the power is at hand to
do it. This power has been at
hand in the case of the capitalist interests of Idaho and Colorado that
took alarm because of the attitude of
the W. F. M., and it was swiftly
and effectually used to deprive the
officials of that organization of their
liberty, with the evident intention of j
doing them to death. Every one
knows that this power was used arbitrarily and with an utter contempt
tor ali estaDnsnc- procecuure ana
constitutional guarantee. The spectacular ass, who sits in the presidential chair at Washington knows this
I to *bc true as well as Gooding himself. Therefore, when he sends fatty
Taft into Idaho to assist in the reelection of Gooding, it is most emphatic admission of his approval of
Gooding's action in over-riding all
constitutional guarantees, and kidnapping Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone from their homes in another
Approve of Gooding's action? Most
assuredly he does. Before- thc end
of the Gooding conspiracy to murder
is reached, it will be found that not
only every department of government
from the sneaking "nog catcher" to
the "august" supreme court will approve it, but every capitalist interest
on earth," either large or small, will
heartily give it sanction.
The workers will eventually find
out that the entire machinery of the
capitalist state is arrayed against
them and may be depended upon to
approve of any crime committed
against them in the interest of the
ruling class, not even excepting the
crime of murder. In their zeal to
protect the interests cf the class
whose tools they are, the officials of
government may be relied upon to
vie with each other in ferocity and
lack of scruple, in dealing with the
working class, through whose folly
alone class robbery and class rule
are made possible.
that Congress exhibits, In the matter,
a larger mind than tho provincial
committee entrusted with it* mandate.
The convention met and by a very
decided vote declared that a political
labor party already occupied the field
in B. C. and also its decision to stand
by it. It further pointed out that
any attempt to form a new party
could only result in dividing and
weakening the labor vote.
Now, to test at once the purpose
of Congress and the honesty and correctness ef thc bolters' position, let
us suppose that the situation, as it
exists touay, were submitted to the
same Congress. Would it, in the
face of its own words and the events
of tne Convention, would it, we ask,
support the divided faction, headed by
a man from New Zealand who claims
to have sized up the labor situation
in such an incredibly short time?
Wc think that  it would not.
Wc hunk that a Congress wise
enough to frame its wishes in the
words quoted would be fair enough
to accept the devision of the Convention and denounce any factional tight.
While a majority of Congress might
have wished a different result to the
Convention, we hope and believe the
time is past when any really representative assembly of thc workers in
Canada will regard thc platform and
the political activity of thc Socialist
Party as other than in thc interests
of the working class.
And we equally hope and believe
the time to be near when thc results
of the British Columbia Conventii n
will be duplicated on thc* floor of Congress itself.
As between the Victoria Congress
and the committee entrusted with
its instructions, honors rest decidedly
with the former and more representative body.    STONEHENGE.
For no nation can exl.t, let*^ot\*
come  great-and  pro.petout,  u Hess
her resource* and n-j-gjgg ncr
sufficient  not   only  to ««|"«     le
people in comfort, brtto^Wgl
rcw-rdfoV skltl.  industry   an*  -
I." ® SS* ••JSff o taild
extravagant to _
beauty  of  her  hills and
great  lakes, her  majestic  rivers, he
■■'■■!-.    nUtm     |lpr    towcrini
the foundation on which to
mighty nation.     No language is too
*    describe the wondrous
vales    her
. _, her
vast fertile plains, her tower
mountains sublime in their rugged
grandeur. Only a great poet could
adequately deal with themes
these, and only the God win* has
richly endowed this favored land, can
even conceive the boundless wealth,
the limitless  resources of our  great
Where  under heaven  c
uch great and perennial harvests be
gathered from sea and lake and river?
Where, such potential power und energy, as rushes down her -"mountain
sides, and pours with giant force
through rocky canon in all her thou-
and streams? Where, such
Where is that mandate?
We mean that imperative instruction from the Victoria Congress to
form a Labor Party.
We have perused again the "recommendation" of Congress and the convention call of the provincial committee entrusted with the matter, and
we fail to see any official ground, at
least, for the position taken by delegate Gray and his following in the
convention. In proof, we bere reproduce the two material clauses,
rirst that of Congress, and second
that oi the convention call.
"That this Congress endorse the
idea of sending representatives of labor to parliament and local legislatives for the direct purpose of conserving tne interests of the working
people of this country.
"Objects, To organize and consolidate the labor vote at the coming
elections in the interests of the working class, and to draw up such platform as shall best conserve the interests of the working class of British
Either or both of these might have
been issued by the Socialist Party
of Canada, organized in the interests
of the working class "only."
It may not now be a matter of very
profound concern, bin it is at least
interesting to inquire, "What was the
intent of Congress?"        ■
Was it an instruction to form a
new Party in every province and under all circumstances, or was it
bounded by the term* of the clause
In this inquiry we have nothing
to guide us in forming an opinion
but the document itself and a limited
knowledge of the Congress personnel,
and these compel us to the conclusion
Clarion readers will have to wait
until later on for news of the Socialist vote in the United States on Tuesday last. No freight trains have yet
arrived from the  scene of coflict.
Ralph Smith, M. P., recently delivered an address in Nanaimo on the
above subject. Comrade James
Young, cf that city offered some
criticism of thc address to thc Nanaimo Free Press for publication. It
was declined. Comrade Young's
criticism here follows. lt will be
concluded in our next issue. (Editor
Editor, Free Press,—Prevented by
circumstances from hearing Mr.
Ralph Smith deliver his lecture on
the "Hope cf Can_da," which report
had led me to believe was of a high
order, I was especially surprised to
read your excellent report, which,
from its completeness, I judge, U
printed from the original manuscript,
or is at least a verbatim report. Apart
from the pleasure of listening to a
fluent speaker it is sometimes more-
profitable to read a speech than to
hear it delivered, because the spell
an orator casts upon a sympathetic-
listener is apt to prejudice the judgment and prevent careful, critical,
and thcughtful consideration of the
subject matter of the discourse. Not
having heard the lecture, probably I
shall be better able to--examine it
dispassionately, to note more clearly
its many excellencies, its numerous
absurdities, and more calmly and intelligently discuss the issues raised.
As the lecture had been delivered on
a previous occasion and as he had
ample time to correct and arrange it,
we may take it, that this is an expression of the matured, elaborated
thought and judgment of Mr. Smith.
Therefore we need not make any allowances for obscurity, absurdity, or
warmth of statement, crudity of
thought or lapsi linguae arising from
extempore deliverance or heated debate.
Mr. Smith says, and I agree, that
the best, most valuable citizens art-
those who deeply feel the responsibilities of citizenship. That it is
the duty of every one to take ah active, intelligent interest in all the affairs of the state. That it is imperative that every member of the body
politic, should personally study all
public questions, and having found
intelligent opinion*, should freely express his honest convictions. Thus
only can democratic institutions be
maintained, and freedom preserved.
Thus only can a basis be cbtained on
which to build a structure of laws,
that all may safely and cheerfully
obey. It is because I hold these
views, and because Mr. Smith is our
chosen representative in thc councils
of the Dominion, whose public utterances deserve serkus consideration,
that I venture to discuss the questions
he has raise-.
Some of his conclusions I can
heartily endorse; some are self-evident, and need no discussion; some,
and these the very soul cf his address,
I am diametrically opposed to.
In approaching the subject the
first difficulty is to know just what
Mr. Smith means. This is not very
clear anywhere and sometimes so
obscured by verbose inelegant phrasing, turgid diction, endless repetition, contradictory and inaccurate
statement that it is no easy task to
separate the wheat from the chaff.
However, there is much of good in
the lecture, much that is worthy of
our serious study, and I shall be amply repaid if I can drive home thc lesson Mr, Smith seeks to teach and
arouse all to a sense of the perils
which beset us and the urgent, vital
necessity of studying and understanding our economic conditions, and how
best to arrange affairs to that absolute justice may rate and every citizen and every worker may reap all
the fruits of hi* toil and share fully
in the blessings showered so abundantly upon this vast Dominion.
Mr. Smith rightly says the first
hope of Canada is her great natural
resources. A self-evident proposition,  this   hardly   needs  discussion.
sand rivers -..-^_^^^^^^_^_^_^_
immense forest wealth? Scarce anywhere are there such vast deposits of
coal and iron, or such exhaustless
stores of every valuable and u-eful
metal or mineral; nowhere on earth
are such stretches of rich and fertile
prairie, waiting but the hand of la
hour to yield up bread enough to
feed the whole world.
With all these we have the climate
under wliich alone can bc bred a race
of men, physically, mentally, morally
strong, and virile.
Truly Canada is a richly endowed
land, destined to be a great and
mighty nation, thc home of a great,
a powerful people. Yet, great as are
the possibilities, vast as may bc tlie
potential wealth, even at the threshold of her national life, it were better
that every vestige of civilization be
swept away, and Nature resume her
sway, that , in the development of
her resources, there should grow up
a subject class doomed to endless
toil, while the wealth produced by
them was absorbed by another class,
who labored not at all.
Next, Mr. Smith names as most
important her institutions, and especially jubilates because they are
founded upon British laws and institutions. In this section he gives
expression to some pcrferv d oratory,
especially designeu to tickle the imagination of vain fools, who think
they arc free, and scarce to bc excelled by the spread-eagle screechuiss
Of  Uncle  Sam's  wildest boosters.
I deny the inherent superior :ty of
British institutions. 1 assert there
never were more cruel, merciless instruments cf oppression, than Brit
ish industrial institutions, buttressed,
supported and defended as tbey are
by her legal, political and social institutions. I grant you there is good
in all of thetn as in all human in*.ti
tutions, but thc evil preponderates,
and I affirm it would have been better far had Canada made a fresh start
and on a clean slate, written all her
own laws, and built up all her < wn
institutions, which would at least have
titted tne new conditions, and permitted a new civilization tn expand
naturally. She certainly could not
have done worse than copy those of
Britain, which dwarf and cramp the
energies even cf her own people, inured as they are, by centuries of tyranny and oppression. The history
of Britain has been written in blood,
and is but a record of endless strife
and struggle, and of the merciless oppression and robbery of the workers
by each succeeding ruling class, who
wrote the laws, entirely in their own
interest and specially to hold the producers in subjection and rob them of
the product of the-r toil. They
arrogated to themselves all political
rights, fighting savagely every effort
to wrest from them any portion of
their privileges. They dominated Uie
church and used it to keep the masses
in dense ignorance, in mental and
spiritual darkness. They controlled
as lar as possible, all social institutions and sought to mould and direct
public opinion so as to be better able
to stem the rising spirit of I berty.
Never yet was there any progress, but
was marked by thc blood of countless
victims, am- never yet was there any
measure of reform, but the ruling
classes bitterly opposed, and every
concession was wrung from their
fears alone. Especially bitter has
been tneir opposition to the efforts
tfhat would enable them to
of the workers to secure condition*
live somewhat like human beings,
and time and again have they 'orccd
them bai '• into cruel slavery at the
point of the word, spear and bayonet.
What wonder then that the workers
hate the rulers with a bitter hate, or
that so far from the laws of Britain
even being obeyed cheerfully, they
are evaded whenever possible and
their enforcement .depends upon thc
power behind them. The ruling
classes have always opposed education, and even now there is a bitter
struggle going on to free thc school*
from the domination of the church,
which new, as ever, does all that is
possible to hold the masses in mental servitude.
All the laws and institutions of
Britain are designed to uphold thc
landlords, and capitalists, and to maintain their supremecy in thc state and
their mastery of the inuustrial system,
and what a cruel merciless system it
is. A system which dooms thc bulk
of Britons, 41,000,000, to a life of slavish toH. A system which holds 12,-
000,000 constantly on the verge of
starvation. A system which immures
over 1,000,000 helpless wretches in
the Bastiles, called Poorhouses, and
treats tbem worse than criminals or
dogs. A system which fills prisons
to overflowing, which annually murders thousands of innocent children,
and starves the bodies and stunts the
mi-rat of millions more. Which forces thousands of pure, good women
to sell themselves for a crust of bread,
and all the while they are promicing
wealth abundantly enough to satisfy
every reasonable desire of every soul
in Britain. What need to prate of
the greatness of British institution*
if these be their results.
Mr. Smith says we bave escaped
the evils of older countries; that we
are free from landlordism; that English  land  laws  arc  founded  on  the
Feudal system.    He is wrong in all,
and particularly unfortunate in citing
the  wondrous  development    of    the
States as due to British institutions,
and British people.    It is true that
thc institutions of the States are copied  from those of  Kngland in great
part.     It is also true that they have
been developed more fully there than
anywhere  else,  and   what  a   ghastly
picture it  is.     Wealth  in thc  most
boundless   profusion  and  want   and
misery everywhere.     Prodigal waste,
graft and corruption everywhere rampant.      Public    and    private    virtue
scarce to be found.    Little chitdren
in thousands ground up, soul and body, to make profits for ghouls, while
men and women  starve in  idleness.
5,000 millionaires and j.oco.ooo tramps
while   50  per   cent,  of  thc  working
force is always out of work and facing
starvation  with tbe development  of
th** trusts adding to thc number al-
What will  happen  10 years
Union  Directory
__M TV.. ,    .... V
WtMS T-tV  M.< I
wast. T(-r Mwt (
taT'tttsry labor Unlou in f.TT^/'^'M
•JBa u •Keaeai-4 **&}&£?*.* t
»•> trUnn uiu*. „,,,_
Mania Miners' Onion mTT
W. F. M. Meet, eve"' sftJ
u-   . ntm, Frcsideefig
ter Morrison, _ccrct.it> ' "*-*!
hall.    John Mel
J. Edward Bird
Oeo. E.
lAtni-rKiw. ■OLimoBB, rrt
Tel. a». P.O. Derm Raattaga t*U. . . v
ways.     •»•—.   -• -"-« -   1
from now? There must be a revolution, and it may come in rivers of
blood, but come it will. We may escape the perils of our neighbors, but
we arc treading the same dreary path
under exac.ly thc same conditions and
the end can only bc the same. Indeed we arc far on the road now. We
have landlordism here now, and in
a worse form than in England. True
this is noi so apparent, because our
immense, unoccupied territory obscures the fact, but whenever any
tfistrict is fully settled and vacan.t
land is scarce or dfhcult of acce*s,
landlordism shows the inherent savagery of the beast and appears in a
form infinitely worse, more cruel and
pitiless than its Knglish parent. For
there ancient custom* restrain somewhat the fiend-like rapacity. Here
there are no restraints save the will,
the caprice, or tiie necessity oi the
landlords. A glaring instance of this
is the course of King James in dealing
with the great estate hi* father was
enabled to filch from the people of
Vancouver Island. Certainly 00
landlord in England ever displayed a
more callous indifference to the welfare of the men who produced all
his wealth,
fcrence  between  the  modern   tool
Based upon those of ancient Rome
the land laws of England were modi-
tied by thc Saxons, whose land system was a form of communal ownership. On this the Conqueror superimposed thc Feudal system, wheh,
based on serf labor, placed all power
in the hands of thc king thc great land
owners and the Church, but if the
land owners had great powers they
had also great services to perform.
They must maintain order within
their domain. Ihey must provide
certain fixed sums for the support of
thc king and the state. They roust
maintain and support a certain number of trained soldiers, and they must
foitw tbe king to battle whenever
called upon to do so. Hence during
the Feudal system there never was
any national debt, and there were no
paupers or poorhouses though there
was ceaseless war.
lt was a rude age Wraith wa*
limited and prouuttion was ma-nly
for use Thc producer* were subjected to great oppression it is true,
but their lot was in many respect*,
superior to thc producer of today,
for while they were serf*, the labour
they had to give their master* wa*
strictly defined and after it was rendered they could go on producing for
themselves, secure in the main of enjoying it. The Church, too, at that
time protected them, and as it wa*
the greatest land holder in thc kingdom it commanded the labor of many
serfs, and generally they performed
their labor under much better conditions than obtain now. There wa*
a rude plenty and happiness and content were more common than is now
dreamed of. The Conqueror never
fully reduced the sturdy Saxons,'and
their common ownership of the land
wa* evidenced by thc fact that every
village owned a good stretch cf land
from which a part of their substance
was derived. It was only after the
Reformation and thc rite of thc present system that tbe landlords were
able to throw off part of thc obligations imposed by the Feudal system,
and not till the 18th century that the
qjurdrns were removed from land
and the landlords became absolute
owners. Even now the land must
support thc Established Church and
thc Poor rates. So that even now
landlords in England are subject to
special burden* which here they escape entirely. Thu* il can easily be
seen that our system of land tenure
is infinitely worse than even England'* with all its abuse*.
Pray that the whole infernal sys*
tern may be abolished before population becomes dense ai in England,
else it will be an inferno for the landless. The fundamental security for
any country it not in unlimited owner"
ship of the land. That spells certain
destruction. The Roman empire
perished because of unlimited ownership of land, bred not free men, but
rulers, slavet and effeminate landlords.
. The real security for any country
is unlimited ownership of the products of labor and that can only be
secured by the common ownership
[of land and the instruments of wealth
production and distribution.
I agree with Mr. Smith that every
man and woman should vote. There
is no earthly or heavenly reason why
a woman should not have every right
a man ..as. That is a fundamental
principle of Socialism, and will be
realized the moment the parly can
force thc passage of the law. Mr.
-smith is wrong again when he says
the state (Canada) pays for and absolutely control* education. It would
be very desirable if there were a uniform system of schools. Free »e-
cular and compultory; but it it not
»o. lhe Dominion has nothing whatever to do with education, in the primary stages at least. That function
belongs entirely to thc provinces, and
very unfortunately each province ha*
Socialist Directory
gaTWimy   local   of th- Sori»ta
Party al Canada ahoui-t rua » pn
tht*  head.   |l 00 m moiA
pleeee note.
thmatahmt Vnni,,, h,i i:m«i.
Commute*. Hoclnltsi petty A (_„.
ada. Meets cvrr>- alternatt t«»
day. D. C. McKenzie, Secrct*-
Boa hyo, Vancouver, It C.
BaaeaUve   < < •mniiitr*, _. I
Party of   Csuada.   mat
alternate   Tu«**i_**.  j. &]
Morgan.    Secret-ry     sti Btrwj|
•treat, Vancouver. B. C.
Local Vi
■aver. No. I, s. v. ot Cm
Business    meetings   tm,
Monday evening at   ix-itJ'-uarun,;
taeteatde Block, 111 Gambit sum.
frwet t.    eecond Ooor).   „';._.
tin—I meetlnr* every v.v'.«) *.tr|
*. a_, la   Balllntn   fUU. Cork* :
g*iederk  P*rry. l*-«er*Utj,
▼enceaver. It C
8. P. ol 1    -Mot. «->
ond end fourth Tuesday*. s.<_i_t
Heedquai ter*. 1 ■>:.'•»  Qoetn Ond
Weet.   r. Dale. geereUry 1; Hut-
Street   Jewish Branch m«*t»MH
Sunday night, amiii- ball.
Local Winnipeg, 8. P. of C. men
every firtt and thud Sun l*j mti*
Voice office building,   211  '>■:.??.
ave.,   at    io;jo a  m     j Cotajg
Secretary,    226    Princes*   Stralg
Winnipeg. Man.
Local Ncieon, & P. of C    Mem *••
cry Friday evening    i ■* p.auifl
Miners' Union Mill. Sell a B '
A. W. Harrod. Orgamrci
A Trained Nurse.   Mustbeil
Graduate from some wed »j
UMnhed hospital,    for P*
tkuurs -write to
Sec Ymir General MospW
Box 506 Ymir, B.C]
„,,! yttlW
, . • -ri. <K *J
' 'nly
ltd M
th a tru
In   Hi IBl
.,,,   .';>■'•'.
li   !
adopted a tytiem <>f it*       ' "■*- ■**
»enttally different from
Indeed, up till 1900 onl)
unrbia   and   thc   Maritime   provmm
had a school system 111 an*
tional.    Even the»c h*\< '-
opted thc compulsory  f<
*o the law is never en'.-'
tiler a desperate struggle
be *et ure the right to e
tional   school   *y*tem
other province* there
ichool* controlled cut"
ious religiou*    denmn nat
memory of the battle t
Ihe new province* the r-.,-'
lish national schools i* »i
our minds, and, witli sham'
amongst those who aided
upon the»e youn-* commmn
inuitous   separate  schcol*.
Ralph  Smith   wat   prom 1
have no state church becau
vince* have  supreme    ' „
these matter*, el»e we nu>   "• *
the Grafter* in control of tl    """"j;
ion would have added  !'r-yf
their meant of retaining i' •'-■   ' .
Smith  trot*  out   thai   old  *•*-»"»
of Wellington's "That Water **
won in the playground .it ' ! "j
is time Ihis was dropped l«»r * ^
True, something was due •"
leadership of Wellington -.nil <***
General* and officers, l>"
ij the ah
,na    TTk ■
.,,-urr I*]
I   .     -.Ilk-
; irr-h i"
k I *•'-*
111 the >
, Dl      | i
, the pri
file, «
! line **\
always declared  he wa
by generalship, but by tl'
courage  of  the runk  an l
formed that famous thm '<      .   ,
died in their ranks in 'I""'*:",", a„d
not one of them ever »a*  1 ■'
but few ever went to a school 0
sort.     Let  u*  have don-   «"'
everla»ting lauding of clrva eo v
lonages,   this   voluntary   "i ,
tary homage at the ihrine ol J-'"'"^,.
' ."'"■'V"!!1'
the I**}'
jority must begin the deadly »' •
for existence, while yet H***" 0
tion has scarce begun. »»« ,„,.
brings me to thc last •","'"'; \i',
portant section of tl*** ''''' n„tiii.
the consideration of the "
freedom and industrial r'^^——^*
(Concluded next week)
wealth.     It is essential t
gres- of Canada that all
be thoroughly educated
be fitted for thc duties ol
but that can never be win r*e
*.r,rimi>.hTtt.Bh t to, taai
#«#••••••••••••••••••##•##•«  LECTUjRE BY THOS   McGRADY
^^^^H *9m\ I AT THE CITY HALL*
• - ' *if •        ,.■__,■■
Thine columns have been placed at
the disposal ot the Party. Secretaries
o, Locals are requested to tate advantage ol them in, at Intervals, re-
oortlng condltlone la their respective
localities Communications under this
ll(.a(J »hould be eddreeeed to the Do-
in,nlon or ProvlncUl gecretarlee. Ito-
,„l «ecretarles are farther requested to
look to the*e columns for announce-
ineni* from the Baeoutlve Committees.
iu- this mesne the business of the
i'arty will be facilitated and the Dominion and Provincial secretaries
relieved of a little of the Increasing
burden of correspondenee.
In order to afford comrade* an
r;tsy accesa to standard works on
Socialism, the committee haa deeided
to lay in a stock of literature. The
following afe oa hand and will be
sent post-paid to any addreaa at
prices      quoted.
supplies  % 5.25
Chilliwack Local, stamps   1.50
Nelson Local, stamps    3.00
Ladysmith    Local, stamps   and
supplies   5.00
Peachland Local, stamps   5.00
Moyie, charter fee     700
Campaign Fund   ' °°
Organizing Fund   loo
__,    addreaa   _.
pncs.     1---.--     Two-cent  stamps
will be accepted for sum* not exceed-
mg 25 cent*:
Tha Origin of tha Fatally, (T.
I'.ngtilS)    ...    .••    amp I *eap*******.eeeg»n>f        -W
The Social Revolution (Karl
Kautsky) .,.-......,.,.,..- 60
il-,- World'! Revolutlone (Ernest -nternuun) ... ... ..„.,. 50
rhe .soclelisu, who they are
and what they stand for,
(John Spargo) ..„.-....„ f .SO
The Evolution of Men (Bolecbe)    .60
Modern Soclallem (Chaa. H.
Vail)  - 36
Class Struggles la America
(A. M. Simons)  10
The Communist Manifesto,
Karl  Marx   10 cents
Socialism, Utopian and Scientific, Mara k Ent*_ls..,io cents
Wage,   Labor   aad  Capital.
Karl Man  d cents
The Mission of the Working Class. J
Chas.  Vail   _._. ~^..      AX\*
Sccialita aad Farmers, A M.
Simons scents
Other works procured to order.
Addreea tbe literature Agent. Box
83i*l, Vancouver. B. 0.
The following amounts received up
to date:
l'reviot»lj acknowledged  $'33!"'o
J   I    I'..*itm         1.00
Total   $2875
Regular business meeting Nov. 5—
Comrade Leah  in   the  chair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and endorsed. The following comrades were admitted to membership:
R. W. Spoening P. Hilton, Miss M.
Niemela,  A.   Ilamly,  Johan   Nygren.
Warrants were ordered drawn for
the following amounts:
Electric light  $ 2.15
Western Clarion      4-5°
Coal     100
Cleaning headquarters 50
Oddfellows' Hall       .ISO
Literature Agent    2105
Program Committee.
Reported that Comrade Morgan
would be speaker for Sunday evening.
Also reported that Rev. Mr. I-raser
would give us a date to speak later
Comrade McKenzie was appointed
Chairman for Sunday evening.
Considerable discussion took place-
on the attitude of the Local at the
forthcoming civic contest. Agreed
that Local take part in contest, and
that Monday, 19th inst., be the nomination meeting.
Financial Report
Collection Sundav evening   $ 5.30
Literature sales for week  21.05
Dues     $4-25
A good audience occupied the City
Hall last Thursday week to listen to
Comrade McGrady, a man with a
continental fame. Comrade E Burns
was in the chair, and briefly introduced the speaker.
The Hibernian blood and pulpit
training of the lecturer were manifest from the start. Little stcriet
and allusions embellished with wit
alternated with impassioned declamations, some of which was lost upon
the audience owing to the speaker's
somewhat imperfect articulation.
ln opening, the lecturer drew, in
flamboyant and ornate language, a
picture of thc vast possibilities of man
in a society freed from oppression
and ignorance, confidently predicting
this to bc his destiny and thc conscious hope and aim cf Socialism.
The technique of exploitation in capitalist production was next traced
by thc speaker and proved to be the
most instructive part of his address.
How the free laborer, free in nothing
'but the necessity cf selling his labor
power or starving, how he meets the
capitalist who treats with him from
first to last on a commodity basis.
How the wage is determined, primarily by the cost of subsistence and re-
prodtiction, and secondarily by the
market supply; these were dealt with
at length ;md illustrated with many
of the speaker's characteristic digressions. The signs of degeneration
and decay in the system and its evident failure to meet thc needs of human society were touched upon, and
the lecturer concluded with a review
Of those causes, inherent in the system itself, whic-h, with the intelligent
effort of tlie working class, will bring
about its downfall; thus clearing thc
way for ils natural successor, the co
operative Commonwealth.
there are no two stories to the dark
sequels. Dunsmuir has taken his own
means to supply his wants, and his
action,   so   entirely   consistent   witn
all his methods, has given rise to no
end of talk and gloomy speculations
We have had an influx of colored
miners. they have been Drought
from the other side, and they are
already pretty numerous. T hey came
to work waiting for them. They had
not to make even a preliminary trip
to Extension to see the mine boss
They were taken up to the mine by
a kind of agent, and were sent
straight into the mine to work. Are
they receiving the same wages as
their white co-laborers? Is this the
first step to a general reduction of
wages? Is Dunsmuir going to work
his mine with negroes and foreigners?
What does it all mean? These are
questions which one hears on every
hand. What is the answer? Only
Dunsmuir and his Maker know, and
one is just as likely to hear from God
as from His Island vice-gerent. One
fact stands out in sinister prominence,
and that is that while every day fresh
negroes are going into places in the
mine, white men and British subjects
are daily being turned away.
Let these swollen heads who are
screecninc for labor size these things
up. While they are so employed,
they will at least be profitably engaged. Let them give a little attention to the conditions of the laborers
who are here, and who, in nine cases
out of ten, have been lured here on
false pretences. There will always
be labor at hand where thc conditions are good; but let us never forget that the conditions for labor will
never be good until labor itself makes
them good. That is the one lesson
of the whole story I have endeavored
to tell. ISLANDER.
9      ■■_■■■_■_■       HM_H_H_--i       S
9 9
9 Some who started early are now selling ten 9
x copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents £
9 a copy.   Send to   us for circulars  and wholesale Z
0 prices.    The book is now ready for delivery. 0
|       THE JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO.,       §
S BOX 2064 NEW YORK, f
• *
Tke Coal Miners Palace Car
.$i_4 Ho
• -f.to.6o
received  and  meeting    ad
Tiie calk-us and utterly inhuman
character of the official and financial
cla*.*cs in their class capacity is being
continually exemplified, especially in
the mo*.t Christian and enlightened
of modern states. Holy Russia in
her extremity, created by the fact
that massacre could not keep tittle
I with the rising revolt, appealed to the
vcrnments and financiers of Europe.    The latter responded promptly
    Loans were quickly subscribed lor and
ining campaign anif more especially   me  hopes   of  the  butchers  and  the
' the purpo»e of printing ami distil       '**<    of   ther   blades   were   whetted
biting campaign literature. ;f»r a more vigorous regime of "pact-
All comrade*  wishing    to    collect   deration," the peace of death.
for  thia fund  should  at  once  apply      How much of political comfort and
to the provincial aecretary for a re-  assurance went out to the murderous
reipt book.      No effort    should    be   Muscovite let thc Kaiser of Germany
'pared in building op thia fund. and  Edward of  England tell.    Such
The following amounta received up j things arc mostly hidden in the dark
"     -'   JUsmsrs   and   awav   from
It has been decided by the Provincial | *>"v
' xrcutive to build up a central fund r"n
be used in generally assisting in the
to date:
Previously acknowledged  $-J-*-5o
Vi. Garion Sub*      - -°
Vancouver. B. C, Nov. 6.--Present,
Comradei Pritchard. Dales, McKcu-
l.iah, Kingsley and the secretary.
Minnies read and affirmed. Thc f->l-
1 'wing correspondence was dealt
l"rom Hamilton and Winnipeg lo-
Front Com. Wendland, concerning
rKanization in North Winnipeg.
Irom the International Bureau.
Irom the  N.  E.  C,  S.  P. Y , U.
S V, report*.
W mnipeg Local, stamps  $ .1 o°
B. C  Prov.  Ex., Con., Stamps
and supplies     ■S00
A warrant was drawn to the Western Clarion for ad. space $4°°
J. G. MORGAN, Secy.
Regular business meeting. Nov   6.
Present, Comrades    Pritchard, Dales,
Morgan, Leah, Kingsley (organizer),
and the secretary. .
Minutes of  previous meeting read
and approved.
Correspondence dealt   with    Irom:
Locals    Fernie , Boundary    Fan*,
Vancouver,     Peachland,     Squamum.
lady smith,  Chilliwack,  Nelson    and
Rossland. ,.    ,,
From Enderby, Ymir, Cape Sco..
and Comrades Parker Williams   an"
Mrs. Clayton. .    ,
Application   for   charter   received
from Moyic and charter granted.
Matter of convention expenses taken up and per capita of $i.oo strnc.
to cover same.
Comrade Dales appointed a committee of one to revise the .ntrodJC-
tion to thc constitution.
Warrants authorized for the following sums:
io Dom. Secy., stamps ind sup*
plies  *l*-°°
To W. H. Moore, organizing ex
penses (Moyie)  ......    5*«
Ad space in Western Clarion ..   *}•«>
Postage  :>    r5°
Receipts since previous meeting.
Vancouver   Local, stamps   and
llllll|'>    UK.    ,,...,..j      .....
wells of diplomacy and away from
lhe eyes of their most helpless victims. In this connection it is some
satisfaction to know that during the
past summer social democracy scored
for ence in Britain. Under cover of
a pretended practice cruise a Hritish
squadron was ordered to the Baltic
and Gulf of Bothnia, but in reality
designed to reassure the autocracy of
Russia. The llimsy mask was torn
aside, mainly oy tne "socialists ot
London and large provincial cities
and with all the grace it could muster
tlie liberal government backed out
of thc role of headsman's mate to
Holy Russia and ordered the squadron to other waters.
Given to thc financier the allurement of a secure investment on his
own terms, to the capitalist government an opportunity to express its
class intercsishrdsumc NLr arws SH
class instincts and no plan is so base,
or method so inhuman but its bent-
ftciariei may, as a rule count on its
Dors his Devilsltip need new grate
bars in hell? then Birmingham, Pittsburg, Essen and Cape Breton await
his worshipful commands, and sped
ficatious. They must bc non-fusible
and guaranteed to reduce to their
primal elements fuel of any sire, age
or sex. Let us say Pittsburg gets the
job, exports rise, i. c, if the locality
be outside the United States, Statistics are inflated, there is prosperity
for all, the Lord has blessed us.—S.
On thc night cf the -5th ult., about
fifteen of our comrades marched
through the city of Tokyo, each with
a red lantern, and distributed leaflets
which read as follows:
Wc were compelled to rub out the
above A bemuse the selling or
dstrbution'ef the leaflet was prohtfe-
„*a hv the police and its publisiicr
_.. nrosecitted as the violator of social oX   We can say nothing about
this niatter.-
•Hikari," Japan.
-i'i iii*t*JLJ3_i_i£
(Continued from Page One.)
materials gone up.    He will tell you
that thc same size of box which now
carries now from 13 1-2 to t6 cwts.
onc-e carried from t8 to 22 cwts. And
yet he sees no connection between a
ccal  car and  a  passenger car.    He
just falls short of seeing that he, the
sufferer, pays for his privilege of suf-
lenng.     Sonic   day,   when   this  elementary fact becomes  tolerably and
generally clear,  the    cars    may    be
found over the end of thc wharf. The
bay would be a dandy place for them.
•Meantime, thc   miners  have  found
two new subjects to engage their attention and occupy  their powers  of
speculation; and, if  I have told my
story as  I  meant to do, the  reader
will   readily   imagine   tnat   all   tneir
speculations are tinged with thc darkest hues ol foreboding.    The first of
these subjects is the beginning of aj
new system of contract-letting which
has always found favor with the officers of the  Dunsmuir mines.     Not
to enter into technicalities, it may be
said that by this system one or two
men enter  into a  contract with the
mine boss to take out the coal of a
given number of places in a given section of the mine.    These contractors
engage diggers, pushers, and drivers
at so much a day.    The men who occupied the working places on the general terms of 75 cents a ton prior to
this contract,  have either to quit or
to work for the contractor on a datal
wage of the contractor's fixing.    The
worker gets his $2.50 or $3.00 a dr.y,
the contractc    '" -es on the spoil of
the undertaking: and Dunsmuir reaps
an enlarged profit frcm cheapened labor.     That is  the general result of
the  contract  system.     lt  introduces
a midleman whom thc laborer has to
support, and, of course, support   in a
fashion better and more remunerative
than thc said contractor could possibly   have   done   for   himself.     Given
thc conditions,  1  have tried to des-
crin*   in   previous   letters,   one   can
guess that there is no fear of a scarcity of would-be contractors.    I have
it from a scurce which I have every
reason  to  believe  trustworthy, that,
in one contract now going, a father
and son are actually working a son
and brother, and son-in-law and brother-in-law at a datal wage.     After
that  can cne be  surprised at  these
contracts  reaching conditions of the
utmost degradation to the individual
and  independent worker?    And is it
any wonder that honest and fairmind-
ed miners, who believe in an equal
chance to every man, should be overwhelmed with forebodings as to their
They are scared that they must adopt a system which they heartily detest anu vigorously conucmn or that
they must bow the necks to the yoke
of thc contractor and work for a bare
subsistences or that they must pull
up stakes and leave the camp. To the
man who has pinched and scraped to
buy a home, and has also a family
dependent upon his earnings, this
last alternative becomes a gallingly
bitter necessity. All the sarile, it is
one which many a poor devil, whose,
spirit is superior to nis circumstances,
is facing with a good heart and courage as he can command.
The   other   subject  is   newer  still,
and still more  perplexing.     As you
have observed, we arc in for a labor
agitation.     Oui   farmers   with   their
wives, and our capitalists with their
ladies, are just stuck for the want of
men,  and   the   lack  cf  other   men's
wives and daughters to do their slop-
carrying for them.    The cry is for
labor, an especially cheap labor; such
labor as a garden and cabbage plot
will effectually tie at thc feet of the
lord of thc  soil.    Of  course, cheap
laborers arc also wanted at the mines.
Even at such an El Dorado as Ex?
tension, places have had to be kept
standing empty for the want of men
to fill them.    That is, mind .you, if
wc are to take the word of tlie mine
superintendents.   Against that, I have
the   statement   of  miners  that   they
have - never once  come   out of  the
mine  without   seeing   men   standing
round on the hunt for a job.    But
Notice is hereby given that after
60 days we intend to apply to the
Chief Commissioner of Land and
Works for a special license to tut
and carry away timber from the following described lands in Rupert District:
No. 1—-Commencing at thc S.W.
Cor. of Sec. 23, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains, thence south
80 chains.
No. 2—Commencing at the N. W.
Cor. of Sec. 14, Township 14, thence
east 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence west 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains.
No. 3.—Commencing at the N. E.
Cor. of Sec. 15, Township 14, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, fhence
north 80 chains.
No. 4.—Commencing at the S.  E.
Cor. of Sec. 22, Township 14, thence
north   160    chains,    thence  west   40
chains,    thence    south    160    chains,
thence cast 40 chains.
No. S-—Commencing at  the  N.  E.
Cor. of Sec. 26, Township 14, thence
west 80    chains,    thence    south  80
chains, thence cast 80 chains, thence 1
north 80 chains.
No. 6—Commencing at the N. W.
corner of Sec. 25, Township 14,
thence east 80 chains, thence south
80 chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains.
No. 7.—Commencing near the S.
W. Cor. Sec. 36, Township 14, thence
north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains.
No. 8—Commencing at post half
a mile south of the S. W. Cor. of
Sec. 31. Township 15, thence north
80 chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains, thence west
80 chains.
No. 0.—Commencing at a post
planted at the S. W. Cor. of No. 8,
thence south 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains.
No. 10—Commencing at a post
planted near the N. E. Cor. of Sec.
17, Township 15, thence 160 chains
west, thence 40 chains south, thence
160 chains east, thence 40 chains
north.    .
No. 11—Commencing at a post near
the N. E. Cor. of No. 10 thence west
160 chains, thence North 40 chains,
thence east 160 chains, thence south
40 chains, to point of commencement.
Dated Sept. 26, 1906.
00., LTD.
On Friday evening, Nov. 2nd, fifteen Socialists were arrested on the
streets of Seattle for an attempt To
exercise the rights of free speech, and
after the arrests the comrades were
thrown into the filthy jail at police
headquarters. The rudeness, the
coarseness and the brutality of the
jail officers is beyona belief. I give
to the bourgeoisie credit for the belief that they would not stand for
wilful and gross abuses if only they
were acquainted with the facts.
Our attorney was not allowed to
see us, and we were given a little sour
bread and some colored water that
the jailer called coffee. The boys
said that it was innocent of the charge
and it was acquitted.
Some of the prisoners offered to
pay for food, but we were informed
that the chief had given strict orders
against this. Our friends were not
allowed to bring blankets to us.
By such petty methods this chief
of police hopes to smother the love
of freedom. I would say that he has
a lesson to learn, but a moment's reflection convinces me that he is too
stupid to learn anything. His masters may yet learn the lesson that all
tyrants learn socn or late.
The police of Seattle ordered the
Socialists to remove the words
"Working men of all countries unite"
from their street banner. From this
you can see that there are no classes
in Washington.
Thc Socialists ignored their orders
and the banners still bears the words
that so haunt the masters.
Great activity still characterizes
the movement in this state.
Hurrah for the Revolution.
by buying thia
reliable, honest,
high grade tew
ing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co,
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
n**" «**&&£*
T   IN B  C. CVQJV?-
— *^*^^S*»S*SSSSSSSSSSSBB*S______________«*_M_SB_I
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUR HAT see to it
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed in it. U
a retailer has loose labels to his possession and
offer* to put one in a hat for you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on two. John B. Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOFFITT, President, Orange, N. JT.
MARTIN LAW LOU, Secretary, 11 Waverly Vbvx,
New York.
Tmk Mams
.. . - Copvrmmt* Ae.
• tsnainf ■ stotrh tut dssertntlon mar
.... , ****** out opinion fit* wnsthsr sn
•sot ttmx. OMwt lacticy for SMorlng pstwits.
PustiU lASen tbroofh Mann * to. rsoslve
mm** oetU*. »llboot shirt*. Ul the
Sctartitk J-inerkan.
A hsnflsoroslr tltastrstsd wmiI*. Ian-art Mr-
eulaltun of Mr sotsntlBo Journal. Tsrtna. •* ■
rest: (onr months, IL Bold brail ntwxlsnlcrs.
G. A. OKRLL, Manager
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City.   Yon can always
depend upon our bread.     Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
Do you know wa sell from 10 to 96
oents cheaper than our competitors
aro_a __ c_____T3_-:
Tt Sarawatat Itrttt, VMwia, I. C
Tacoma, Wash., Nov. 5.—-"Free
speech is the priceless gem of the human soul."—-Ingersoll.
The right to be heard in defense
of one's position is one of the' most
cherished traditions of this nation,
but the masters in Seattle have placed a foreigner at thc head of the police department of that village to suppress free speech.
His methods are the methods of
Bismark, the "Iron Chancellor" of
Germany. Such tactics utterly and
miserably failed in that country, and
it remains to be seen whether imported tyrannical methods will succeed in a republic after having failed
in a kingdom.
I                     TELEPHONE B7T» 4
Mmiadirtr tl
Ns. I Ceatn tt.
what the Party Is doing on the Pacific
Coast of the  United  States,
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party and By the
Socialist Party."
Ten weeks, ten cents; one yenr, so cts.
For the
Having been authorized by
tbe publishers of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at the
regular rate-$1.00 per year
and apply one half of all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period ot not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
i '<
.. .._-..;. .. - fotnt
tit* wisnuut aL^tnst   v-wan-tws,  aawaut   OdtC-MA.
em—m—**m***ma*mmammi m mmmtamPt wis ■■*■■■ — -
9 9
•        __*_____;-■_*ff:Si-g_-'. VMS «as.g»^ j*.
BRS3SgSSS*SS»**'PP*P-*M*-P-*P-0i ' ~ j—-B—-"***-~*a** ^*1 ""^ m-^ _. — — _,. _. _._. _._. _. _-—■—____—__, — _,_._,_,________■■_, _..-_ _. _____^____. __ _.—_-_. _, _, nBjjpgp %£0
_..           ^ttmtm.tetttmttw     *r..r    IsAUIHiny       *
MM*, „. R. P. PBrrnPOBO.. to who- -U com*K>nde_c* Cor this department shooKl be -—*
According to some of the papers
in Idaho, there appears to be a deal
between the Democrats and Republicans, the provisions of which are
that Gooding, the Republican candidate for Governor, is to be favored
by Democratic and Republican votes,
while the Democratic legislator is to
be elected insuring the return of the
United States Senate, of the present
The "Spokesman-Review" of Spokane, Wash., advises this course in
the editorial headed, "Mixed ballots
in Idaho."
The Chicago Daily Socialist made
its first appearance on Thursday, October 25th, starting with about 25,-
000 subscribers. A number oi subscriptions have been sent to the National Office.- They should bc sent
direct to the Publication office of the
Chicago Socialist, 163 Randolph St.,
Chicago, 111.
The "Kiowa Breeze," published at
Kiowa, Indian Territory, has announced its support of the Socialist
Party. The Socialists of Oklahoma
have already- nominated delegates to
the constitutional convention in forty
districts out of the total of ui, wiht
a number of districts yet to be heard
 0 :—
In commencing the study of Socialism the student should remember
that the Socialist bases his claims
upon a philosophical interpretation of
history. The law of evolution he recognizes as operating in all its rigors. Society is analyzed in the same
way that a chemist analyzes a material compound. It is reduced to
classes, and each class is treated as
an economic factor. The nanie designing a class also designates the
economic rank. The working class,
sometimes called the producing class,
is a term used to represent a class
that produces all the wealth upon
-which society subsists. The capitalist class is a name applied to an economic rank evolved from the capitalist
economic system of production. It
formerly consisted erf individuals who
performed an economic service, but
who, through the operation of the
law of evolution, have become at
present a superfluous or parasitic
class, with no further useful function.
The Socialist shows that the law of
evolution has brought us to face the
problem of Socialism which solves
the question of producing goods for
the future upon the basis of use and
not profit. This will estaolish a condition of exact justice, as every man
will produce for himself and not for
others. There will be no exploitation of one class by another class.
The necessities of life will be produced socially, and a man will be paid
for his labor upon tne basis of his
labor and skill in turning cut goods.
The underlying principle will be "Every man according to his Labor." Exchange will be conducted without profit.—John S. Pyle (Toledo, O.).
The daily press keeps right on predicting an early general election in
British Columbia. Let the Socialist
Party be ready for action in every
The commonwealth of today is a
pryamid shaped structure, in which
class is built upon class in inverse,
ratio to their usefulness, until a few:
men with fabulous wealth and immense power ait enthroned at its summit in imperial splendor, while millions of tbe producing class, who with
their toil support the crushing weight
of the whole society sec nothing before them but hopeless poverty. Built
upon the principle of individualism,
it is today unable to cepe with mod-1
ern industrial development and to
serve the purpose for which it was instituted—namely, to insure life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness to
the majority ef its citizens. This majority, the working class, must, to
readjust this social anomaly and
emancipate itself, unite politically,
vote itself into power and institute
a system of society that will give no
man a privilege to live off another
man's labor.—Frans Bostrom, Washington.
o  ■
At the recent elections in Norway
the Socialists increased their representation in parliament from four to
seven, with excellent prospects of securing three more seats at the second
balloting. '  *
Ottawa, Oct, 25.—A sequel to the
Buckingham   not   has   aeveioperj   in
this city. Harry Stevens, a member
of the Governor-General's Foot
Guards, was drafted for service at the
scene of thc riot. Upon his return
to,the city, he resumed his quarters
in his boarding house at 139 Albert
street, but was quickly made aware
of the fact that his presence was obnoxious to his fellow boarders, some
seven in number, and members of the
unions. He had hitherto been on
good terms with them, but his service at the call of the government in
assisting to suppress a labor slrike
was something that could not be tolerated, and his landlady was* given
the option cf dismissing Stevens or
losing tne seven union men. She
has accordingly requested him to quit
and quit he must. She explained that
there was no reason for requiring him
to go other than his service at Buckingham.
Mr Stevens is employed as a case-
maker at the Eclipse Manufauiring
Company's, and is a friend of the labor movement, lf there was a union
for men in his. line of work he says
he would join its ranks. He asserts
positively that his conduct in the
regiment  was by ne means  affected
by  his  personal attitude  toward  the j present
strikers.—Daily Press. W^
The above statement is quoted, not
for its novelty, or rarity—such cases
being increasingly common—but as
being a highly typical one, and expressing in clear terms, the inherent
antagonism that exists between the
working and employing classes, and
and the means employed by the latter,
under all circumstances, to keep the
former in subjection.
The fact cannot be over-estimated
by the wage-slave class that their
slavery is first made possible by their
ewn ignorant political vote, and then
maintained and enforced by their voluntary enrolment in those coercive
torces, military, ponce, etc., which
exist only for the maintenance of
their own subjection, and its corro-
lary, tne dominance, profit and privilege of the ruling class.
In the last analysis it is a literal
fact that lauor is performed at the
point of the bayonet, and the man
behind the bayonet is a working man
when cut of uniform, or drawn for
permanent service from that class.
"But for bands, bricks and brass
buttons tnere would be few soldiers."
said Earnest Crosby; true enough,
ine tinsel and glamor of the thing,
coupled with a little patronizing fraternity from a "gentleman officer,"
the chance to become a member of
the Governor-General's Foot Guards,
these, the thougiuiess and featherbrained youth, full of vital energy,
has ncthim*- either in ins experience
or acquired knowledge to withstand,
and sworn to surrender his will and
convictions, if any, to his "superiors"
he _ecomes the blind and pitiable
tool of the oppressions of his own
Alone, the ruling class is as helpless in its coercion as in its exploitation. For both it depends on the aid
of the working class.
- One cf the most cheering signs of
a growing social sanity is the increasing disinclination of workers to put
their necks in the yoke of a militarism
under capitalist control. A working
man soluier today is a supreme contradiction, a lie in unform.—S
ation of Miners, under the false and
damnable charge of murder; and,
Whereas, They are now denied
either immediate trial or release on
bonds under various subterfuges, evidently in accord with prearranged
plans to put these men to death and
their organization out of business;, be
Resolved, That Typographical Union Ne. 16, at its regular meeting, demands of the state administration of
the state of Idaho that these men,
in compliance with their request, be
given an immediate trial in the courts,
or be, according to the process of
law, released on bonds. Be it further
Resolved, That our delegates to the
international Typographical Union
convention are  hereby  instructed  tO
looking for a market in which to sell
labor power. Where in a few month*
past the new comers either did not
interest themselves in politics, or else
hugged seme strange delusion, such
as this new freak of which we hear
so much of and will be called upon
to hear moro - after yesterdays,
(Oct. 29) gabfest in ye»ur city. Now,
the market seeker will, in most cases,
deliver himself of some remark indicating that he can see a few and
just as likely admit later on that he
has ne -vote. Same old tale, "not
registered." In a great many cases
the victim can not be .blamed as chasing the elusive job takes him away
from his "happy" home, and keep!
him going at such a rate he can't tind
But tilings are coming our way with
a certainty, and it is not t lu coining
that bothers us, 'tis the other fellow who throws the fit. The workers
shouiu enjoy his agony as much a*
lie nas enjoyed theirs, when hc had
them harnessed to a wheelbarrow for
**"i.io per day.
Yours  for  the  revolution,
The greatest crisis in the world's
history it at present facing the people
of all nations. Unrest is upon us
and changes in conditions, social and
economic, are inevitable. The man
is both blind and deaf who does not
realize the fait. The workingman is
beginning to realize the part which
he plays in the political game. Revolutionary Socialism, and not reform, will abolish this grafty capitalistic system. No reform can help
you. What you need is a revolution.—Geo. Laviolette (Washington).
—: _o	
Is it any won'der the workers arc
becoming a suspicious lot? and is it
not about time the rank and file were
carefully investigating the merits of
so-called labor parties and "friends
of labor" with political bees in their
* ♦ * Re your query; "What is
the matter with the typos?" 1 may
say that the trouble is that some two
hundred of them are working in the
Government Printing Bureau and imagine they have a life-sit, and do not
require the influence of organized
labcr or an I. T. U., card. However,
they will find out their mistake before
Accept my thanks for the copies
of the Western Garion. I Jiave read
each carefully.
With my kindest regards and best
wishes, I will conclude by hoping to
have the pleasure of hearing from you
Yours for the abolition of wage
slavery .    P.  M. DRAPER.
at    its    next
or  similar   resolutions
session    at    Colorado
Com. Aid. John Cloak, Bellingham,
is again a standard-bearer for the Socialist Party in B. C.'s neighbor State,
42nd District, Washington. This
time as State Senator. In a manifesto to the working-class, Ccm.
Cloak says:
"The worker is again called upon
to decide upon thc kind of law he
wishes enacted in the immediate future. The issues are plainly set
forth by the contending political parties, and thc truth so plainly stated
that he who win may read and understand. The dominant class parties
arc bold in proclaiming their intention
to'encourage capital by giving it an
advantage, and as there can bc no ?d-
vantage without a corresponding disadvantage it is plain that they intend
to place a handicap upon labor. The
Socialist party demands that thc rock
upon whieh the future government
shall be built must be that of Truth,
Justice and Equality. This can only
be established by the working class,
we therefore make our appeal to t'he
worker to vote for his own emancipation."
The Socialist Party as a political
organization, is in the field asking
for your votes for the avowed purpose of obtaining for the workers of
all classes their economic independence of the capitalist class. Socialists proclaim that thc working-class
ever since the birth of civilization.,
have been held, in one way or other,
as slaves to do the world's necessary
labor, and that the time is now ripe
for their complete independence of
all classes. The Socialist movement
is an anti-slavery movement, and it
will not cease its work until every
man is the equal in opportunity ol
every other man, politically and economically. Freedom tor the working-class means freedom for everybody. The Socialist Party invites
the aiu of every one who feels w'th
it that all mankind should be free.
The working-class is especially urged
to study the principles of Socialism.
As a class, "you nave everything to
gain and nothing to lose but your
Mount Sicker, B. C, Oct. 24, igo6.
I*. Gray, Esq., 29 Princess Avenue,
Victoria B. C,
Pear Sir and Brother,—We the
officers and members of Mount Sicker
Local 215, W. F. of M., in meeting
assembled, to discuss thc proposed
new movement re workingman's
politics, and as our views are asked
for to be voiced in Vancouver on thc
29th inst., we beg to submit thc following resolution:
Whereas, there has been in existence in B. C. and Canada for some
time past a workingman's political
party, and said party has at present
two members in the Provincial
House, who by their actions have
proven themselves to be thc right
kind  of  labor  representatives,  and
Whereas the platform of the aforementioned party it framed for the
working class only:
Then bc it by us resolved that
We view with distrust thc forming
of a second labor party, and consiucr
it a well-laid scheme to assist the
Conservative and Liberal parties in
defeating any and all labor members
next election:
And be it further resolved that
this local extend its aid in assisting
to office thc candidtes of the only
safe workingman's political party,
thc Socialist party of Canada:
And be it still further resolved that
a copy of these resolutions bc sent to
thc Miners' Magazine and thc Western Clarion.
Respectfully submitted, Edwin
Lcc, Thos. C. Jones, Alex. Cameron,
G. N. Morrison, J. Wocdriff, committee.
P.   M.   OF-
The following resolution, introduced by 'Messrs. Belz and Koop, Chi-
cjago, waa passed at the last annual
convention of the International Typographical Union at Colorado Springs:
Whereas, The state administrations
of Colorado and Idaho, evidently in
collusion with the all-powerful mine
owners' organization, have by a novel
process of law unknown to the common American citizen, kidnapped in
the dead of night, and incarcerated
the leaders and officers of that steadfast organization, the Western Feder-
Editor, News* and Views:
these days it seems tasmonabie
with the common or garden capital
istic sheet to flavor its daily output
with something about Socialists,
Socialism, or the doings of one to the
undoing of the other. From the Red
Sea to Persia, from hell to the Atlantic, it is ever thus and if anything in
this world disgusts thc man-up-a-tree,
it is this -aiiie feeble attempt at wit
on the part of the pimps of capitalism to decry.the movement that i«
surely working out the ireedom that
will make their existence impossible.
We have out to pick up our next
morning or evening paper to read ofj
what lots of tricks or outrages the
socialists have been up to of late, and
in the next issue of that same paper
read how the old parties are working
to defeat what our Ladytmith's
neighbors choose to cal! the "Common Enemy.
Not long ago I chanced to pay a
visit to a not unknown agricultural
district, in which, years ago, I had
a long list of acquaintances, but a believer in the faith was not to Ire found
among them then; whereas now the
subject of socialism is forever being
discussed with the "gentlemen of the
plow." While at times one it found
who can lay calim to a fairly good
understanding of the creed.
Ranchmen are—as a rule—thc hardest class to approach on the subject.
Perhaps tney have something to lose.
But an occasional convert is a good
sign and will bring others to their
senses in time.
One year ago tins little camp could
only lay claim to a bare halt dozen
who were alive to their own interests.
Comrads Sibble came among them
and, later, Com. Arnason, but with
poor success, but it woke up a feud
and for a time there was something
doing. For a while not much progress was made, But thc truth is
strong, and now 'tis safe to say, thc
vote will De a different one to thc
Another good sign is to be found
among  the strangers  coming along
Nanaimo, B. C, October 31.
Editor Western Clarion:
On Monday night there was a meeting of thc dirty dozen, self-styled the
"'Liberal-Labor Party. They passed
resolutions that the fight was now
on between the Socialist and Liberal-
Labor parties. There were present
at the meeting Richard Booth, George
Johnston, John McLean, Hugh
Aiken, William McCallnm, William
Neave, Sara Wilcox and Ralph Smith,
the great trade-unionist that rode
around the streets with "His Honor"
James Dunsmuir at the reception to
"His Excellency" Earl Grey, in Na
naimo. The dirty dozen, holds another meeting Saturday night. I will
keep you posted.
Yours for thc Revolution,
Nanaimo, B. C, Nov. 6, 1906.
Editor Clarion,—Things are still
moving over here. The local labor
skates arc in the agony of birth pangs
trying, to bring forth another "labor
party." They have gone to thc expense of publishing a pamphlet setting forth the awful doings of Comrades Hawthornthwaite and Williams re tbat Columb a & Western
land grant matter. The revelations
are, of course, horrible.
They held their first meeting on
Oct. 29, and had from to to 14 present. A committee was appointed to
devise ways and means to combat the
Socialists. This committee's task
will be an easy one. An ad. was inserted in the morning glory (Herald)
calling on all those who were opposed to Socialists to meet in the labor
party rooms at a later date. Their
second meeting was worse than the
first, there being but nine present.
They had an interesting time ef it,
however, as the evening wa. spent iu
committing to memory thc heartrending story of ilawthormliwaiic
and Williams infamy in the C. & W.
land grant case. Nearly all of those
present have been after Hawthornthwaite, Williams and Manson, thc
member for Atocrni, for some time
to obtain for them some special privilege in the shape of a government-
built road to mining claims they have
somewhere in the interior of the island. Their antipathy against Hawthornthwaite and Williamst need not
bc considered as due to their failure to
enlist the efforts of these two members in behalf cf their road schemes.
It is just merely a coincidence, nothing more.
Three or four or this "labor party"
aggregation are petty bosses in the
mine. No reflections upon their sincerity and integrity need, be entertained. The balance are equally sincere and honorable "heelers" of Ralph
Smith. This small but aromatic
bunch is already doomed and damned.
Their new ad. in the daily stench
(Herald) this week calls upon aj I
who are opposed to Hawthornthwaite*
to attend the meetings. It is confidently expected that this will not seriously lessen the attendance at future
gatherings of this Spartan band.
Yours dc*_gastedly,
Socialist Party of Canada
We, thc Sociallat Party of Canada, in convention assembled
affirm our allegiance to and tmppatt at tha principles and program
of the International revolutionary working claaa.
Ubor producea all wealth, and to tabor it ahould justly be.
long. To the owncra oi tha meana of wealth production belong,
the product of labor. Tho preeent economic ayatem ia baaed upon
capitallat ownerahip ei tha meana of wealth production; therefor*
all the producte of labor belong to tha capitalist class. The cap.
italist is master; the worker ia elase.
80 long aa die Capitalists remain in posssssion of the r«ni
of government all the powere of tha etate wW bo used to protect
and defend their property rights in tha meana of wealth produc.
tion and their control of the product of labor.
... .The capitalist syatsm gites to tho capitalist an ever swell m.
stream nf profits, and to tha worker an st cr-tncmaalng mss»«re
of misery and degradation.   .
The interest of tha working olaae Ilea hi the direction oi
setting itself free from capitalist exploitation by tha abolition of   _
the wage system.    To sccompllsh thia necessitates the trintfor-  9
m-tion of capitalist property In the means of wealth production   9
into vclltcuve or worVing-clasa property. k
The Irrepressible conflict of interests between thc capitalist A
and the worker ia rapidly culminating in a atruggle for possession *
of the power of government—tbe eapilaMft to hold, thc worker *
to tecure it by political action.   Thb m the claaa atruggle. f
Therefore, we call upon all mothtrt to enaaise u.ilj- tat 9
banner of the So-dallat Party of Canada with the oM»;t ol tu-  |
9   quering the public powers for the puipoaa of setting up and en
9   forcing the economic program of the working claas.
__^^_^^^_^^_^^^^^^__- lolioi...
I...The transformation ae rapidly as poaaible, of ca?it»iiK
property In the means of wealth production (natural resources
factories, mills, railroads, etc) Into the collective property of the
working claaa.
a. Thorough and democratic orgsnieaalon and msnagement
of industry by the workers.
%. The establishment, ae speedily ae pomJhfie, of production
for use instead of production for profit
Tbe Socialist Party, whin to aanot aheil ehrreys snd everywhere until the preeent ayatem le aboHabed. make thc sns«cr to
this question Its guiding rule of gmiart, .WiU this legislation
advance the interests of the working claaa and aid the workers in
their atruggle against rapltaHara?. If It win, tho Socialist Party
ia for it; if it will not, Ae SodaUet Party la ibsolntely opposed to
In accordance with that principle the tocWSst Partv pledres
itaelf to conduct all the nahSc afaara placed to its haaii li _-.-!
a manner aa to promote tan luiarsata of ths working class alone
I,  THE  UNDERSIGNED,  hereby  apply   for   membership
in    Local   Socialist
Party of Canada.
I recognize thc class struggle between Ihe capitaliM tlasi ami
the working class to be a straggle for political supremacy, r,
possession of the reins of government, snd which ttecesa tatei
the organization of thc workers into a political party distinct
from and opposed to sll parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership, I hereby agree to maintain or tn-
ter into no relations with any other political party, ami pledge
myself to support by voice, vote and sll other legitimate meant
the ticket and thc program of the Socialist Party of Canada only
Applicant   Address       9
Occupation    Age    Citizen   	
Admitted to Local   100
. Chairman   R*
v     I
raoMfr *,*,*.■•■* —
■ yt'H k KI-.TI hi.*-
^PW^WXnmamnmf^grtyyaw^rw    rwMI _ ws
Cor. Abbott « Cordovs Its. OM Coo. Building.
r "J^Hsrdwsre, Junk snd Purniture. J
Second Hand Dealer
Cook   Stoves
and   Toole  a
We have a larg* quantity of j
gliis/i fruit Jars for ssis. Pints,  w
60c per   down ;    quarts, COc ;
and 2 quarts, 70c.
As there is said to be $0,000 Hie--*
in   Hong  Kong awaitim*  n I'lsp0*****'
tion to Hritish Colombia, it I*****-**
ltboug,. the terrible thortagi
{that   i«   so  tripplnit   "om
iment, would, in lime, be wi|*eil ■"'•
The poor, o»crworki-<l    and    '""Jl'r*
(f  paid C.   P.  R.  can also  earn •> '*'*'
* much needed dollars by brum ng * tM
St. E.
•137 and 138 Cordova
1171      Vaeoeetar, S. •.
loooeoooeo tti
G. PETERS «-_r
llsnil-Msttt Boots and Khars to order in
all styles.   Mrpaiiliij-pranytly and scat.
ly done.    Stock or staple rtadjf mada
Hhoea always oil haud.
1496 W«MMttr Ave
Work i* for the borae, lhe m»*
the oa, tbe ass. the tnachim ana '■?'
wage-slave. Thc laticr is ili<' •1|1> "nt
of the bunch, however, lhal - >'r
been known to hanker sltci 'I
if Ihe "dignity of labor' #er« -■*
aaaet convertible into c.i*li ' '■''""
afford a most excellent >* • '"■ *
reduction of wage;.
when nr vancouvek, sro1' Af
Eirx-U'-nt H<**"*"*
First Class Bar.
Prions Moderate.
COKE ia an excellent fuel for grates, hall   stoves, furnaces "•*■
cooking stovss, making a dean, bright Srs without smoke or dirt.
Vancouver Su Company, Ltd.


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