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The Western Clarion Dec 29, 1906

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Array £j^\t- C;_./
,^
fHE WESTERN  CLA
Published in the InteresU of the Working Class Alone.
Mo?saa      405.
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday. December 29, 1906
SOCIALIST PARTY MANIFESTO
Upon Entering the Municipal Campaign of 1907 Toronto
Comrades Address St-.nu9 Words to the VVcrt.ir.gmen of
the Ontario IvfetrofMli
follow Workers,—Are you aati.-f<,.l
wllh the conditions under which ; at
work and live—with the small f -tion
of the amount you earn which you
receive? lf you are, you will have no
us* tor us, nor we for you. It Is been, uss ws believe that the great majority of workers are not satisfied and
ought not to bs satisfied with present
conditions thut th.. Socialist Party ha*
sprung Into existence as the party of
th* working claas.
la svory country of the civilised
world ths means of producing wealth
that is to say, the lands, forest*
mine*, factories and machinery, an I
owned by a few people. Th- t, cat »•*•»,
tha great majority, -in oil _ist u* .
selling their labor—w*i, „ sit the*
have—to th« capitalist, pi . Ily tlw
capitalist wishes ot buy tl.' I. .-* as
cheaply aa possible. Co_-»' '.**»
among laborers for tbe chancn-, a * I v^'i-aHoi>. like politics and sthlcs,
tends to fore* down wsge* to tin ... - tar-> deieiml-*"* by the form* of Indus-
est point at which men can ll"t » ' t¥>". *u»d •.•-_"*ribe(| studle* for pupils
rals* families. In the labor isri. jln WM*° *"**■ *••■*•• s*-hoolB merely re-
every day is bargain day for tt* n rlecU ,ho thought of the capitalist
er. is*,  whose   very    existence  depends
Worker*   have    so*ight     ,     rs       r I   <on *  ■•t***--'---*  »u->Ject  claas.    Thi*
these condtlons through trsd..  _-,u §
W'Ve  any  old   flag,  and  pose  as the
wo      ngmi.u.     ikud."
Ti'-! S« >c ii list' iarty candidates, on
thc o'her .,_!._, have a principle to
fight i ir. The itand pledged to al-
way i ind everywhere use their votes
and ',.'iui- •! ttiwu ds Improving the
ror.ii- ri: n:' tvlng of the working
ttt**-»lhi onl; im rut claas In society,
Thi r ultimate al'n I* the abolition of
wsi «iavur/, md their motto I* "no
en ,'.n-ndae." As wage slavery tea*
l t i ib>i. *hed. however, by sny hcI
. i ' i mun clpnl council or board of
ift-i'. «t*' i ' ut can only be ended by
.o: a jafesra ot th* whole world l»-
..,!'.' .- .(Uclnntly Intelligent to over-
i row ii, capitalist governments, the
in I* I'ar-y's aim Is to help tn this
»ork of i-duc-tliii. and while endeav-
orUi* .„ reach our final goal, to gain
••very coucer* slon possible for the working cl ws  while thu capitallat  system
strikes and boycotts, but ifwing to 110
perfection   to, which    *v naury    as
been brought the numhr    ' men nveJ-
ad  for production   rr   ■•« coi.ti-uaily
fewer, and Ih* prop*.     if th* unemployed, or   only  p.u u-ipWed
larger, so that these n        is sre ro
longer effective, even In giving faro-
porary  relief.    As a  permanent   i?,n-
«dy. tbey never could    be <mc.-<•*_.'"!
An Increase of wage* all round. !    f
could be secured, would only re-.:..
Increaaed prices for all neeeai.-: r|,,.«i .if
life, *o that the worker  w<>uld     i B"
better eff than before.
The only cure Is »o coropletel;  ahol-
l*h capitalism—that i«, privnu  mn. r
■hip of ths mean* of pr, iu'-tluii, and !'"
with. It  the  wage    sytt i.i.    Let   the)
whole  people  own  all    ..«•'*■•• 'iitM
I- (nr the ease, economic classes in so-
t'"ty dictate tlat a part of the children In the school* shall be trained for
.vim o( Idleness, and the great inaj-
r.Mty to *e*;  as docile laborers.    Any
system   of  education   that   will   teach
the jfi,h  to think Is kept  from  the
cMldren of    the workers,   because an
- -iicjit-d   w irking class   Is  a  menace
\u> tne power of any ruling class.   If
j labor*-,? are  to be kept    servile they
!>:.ust   be kept     as workers with  the
id. und not with the brain.   To turn
lou    qii-.-'Hy  and not quajlty,   to en-
.i \ge   n.-ceptance  of  facts  without
.authority, and not critical thought has
jbeeii tho method of training the chlld-
jren   o'   the   workers.     The   Socialists
''.turn! t.ir freedom of thought, for In-
ivldual  Initiative, and  for the aboll-
f I Ion of  claas education.    To this end
 ,e an.-kers ti-i   'l '* **-(   object of tbe Socialist  Party
sll they earn Instea*"    i .-- mi .. fr*-_- t**hen  cl-vted to the board  of educn-
'tl.ii.  to opp, as a
w*atth production an4
^——■■■■—^_^^^^^^^^^
.__    ^ syst. in of education
llliiii- falls to recognise the significance
[of ecinomlc conditions and their Intlu-
upon  the Intellectual,  social and
»hai tie ruc
tion.   This. In brief,
Isllst   Party stands lei.
We  realise  that  this    .*.• not Im  ao
compllahed  until tho m-»*   if I -jrkl*i«  euce^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
men  and women    h-vot      .Hat*  eon- |<**-*cra condition of the pupils In our
srlou*;   that  Is,  until  th.       biroughly .*•'••'•"**.    Wne  and  compulsory  secul-
under*tand   that  their   ltn •*  as  _
claa* are entirely opposed to t,    inter*.
estt  nf  the  capitalist   dass,   aid   arc
prepared   to  use  their  political  power
in their own Interest, and no' '
of their master*.
________^^^__ fcecul
hv • duration that will fit the children
!"f the working class to democratic.nl-
!*ry c.ntml and manage all the machin-
|ery  of production  and  distribution  Is
In that j*
Tha capitalist*   have   a'** ' ■•--
clam conscious. They hav a. .ays
used sll the political and other Influences which they possess to get and
keep power In their own hands and
to defeat every move that labor has
mad* for It* enfranchisement. More
• specially have they availed themselves of the power of the government
In making and enforcing laws. They
control the parliament, the legislatures
and th* municipal councils. They appoint Judges, sheriffs and police magistrates. They maintain soldiers, militiamen, detectives, co*i»*_>!r_ and
Jailers. They subsidise a host of intellectual parasite* such as newspaper
editor*, college professors and preachers to mislead th* people and create
a public opinion favorable to capitalism and capitalist government.
Aa soon as any sorious labor difficulty arises all these forces are thrown
Into tbe sesle against labor. When the
peopls are goaded by Intolerable oppression into sets of violence, they
aro met by superior force, wielded in
the name of public order, and crushed
Into subjection. Recent occurrences at
Hueklngbnm. Que., and Hamilton an*
sufficient object lessons, both as to the
powerlessness of organised labor '
contend agsiitsl capitalism reinforce
by tha power of the state, and th
brutality and ruthlcasnoas with which
thai power Is used on such occasions.
Ths Uoclallst Party, while It seeks
to units the working class to acquire
political power In IU own »*-\*;r«8'" ."J*
tha peaceful msans of tho ballot, fully
recognises  tho fact  that   -   '*"
for  the    cause  they
individuals,   but
represent.
For Mayor—James Lindala.j
Journeyman Tailor.
For Board of Control and
Alderman—No nominations
on account of property
qualification.
For Board of Education—(six
to be elected—each voter has
six votes)—James Simpson,
Reporter ; W. G. Gribble,
Carpenter ; F. J. Syrlja,
Journeyman Tailor; W. H.
Rawbone, St. Ry. Conductor ; Phillips Thompson,
Journalist; Emil Tigert,
Journeyman Tailor,
• 0	
Wl.AU   POMS AITD SRWCB  VBNT.
At present there sre two questions
which, locally at least, ssem to overshadow sll others In Importance.
One Is the displaying of tho flsg over
i-ool houses, and ths other Is what
to do with Winnipeg's aromatic sewer*. A certain Individual whose attention has been repeatedly drawn to
a consideration of these all-Important
matters was reemtly possessed of a
solution which sejmed to St in so well
with prevailing Ideas, that he could
not remain quiet until lie unburdened himself of '* Voting tbe peculiar
rntlsfactlon dtspit</*-d by some persons
at any and even old flag-waving exhibition, and also the further propensity of the cltbtens of Winnipeg to
steer to windward of the row ot
smoking sewer vents when walking
down street, the two Ideas became intertwined ln his mind. Briefly, it is
this: A tubular shaft on the principle
of a planlng-n-.li! smoke stack should
be erected over each and every one of
these vent*, wh.ch would conduct those
fumes to at Vast an altitude of 200 feet
before turning, them loose on a long-
suffering public. These tubes could
be made In ornamental designs and
dedicated as monuments to the fallen
heroes of tbe late municipal campaign
or decorated with the names and record
of   our beloved sovereigns and  their
chief boosters and hackers who have
distinguished themselves ln the nation's history bunco steering the working class. These useful ornaments—
meaning, of course, the aforementioned tubes—could be utilised as flag
poles on which to hang the dear old
flag, which ia just the thing to instill
Into the Ignorant "furrintr" a due appreciation of what a particularly excellent brand of freedom and enlightenment he Is guaranteed the enjoyment of in "this Canada of ours"
while pursuing the elusive Job.—Proletary, in Winnipeg Voice.
The Register, a Catholic paper of
New Tork, ln the course of an article
advocating a boycott against French
goods as a protest against the action
of the French government against the
church, says:. "Touch the pockets of
France and you strike her a deadly
blow. Her desire to confiscate all the
property of the Roman Catholic
church Is because she needs the immense sums for her greedy government and her Internal and external
expenses." That the pocket Is an extremely tender and vital spot the
church well knows. The blow struck
at her pocket hy the French government has brought forth howls of anguish that have reverberated around
the world. The reference to the "Immense sums the church has In her
possession." and which has so aroused
the cupidity of the French government is particularly unfortunate. It
Is liable to arouse In the mind* of
laymen the suspicion that dealing In
spiritual bread is even more profitable than dealing In the mundane
article. This would tend to discredit
the priesthood and subject our holy
religion to the scoffing* of heretics
and ribald sinners. The Register
should be more circumspect tn Its utterances.
Senator Bailey, the ripsnortlng
Democratic Senator from Texas, who
.has taken many a Don Quixote tilt at
["Trust" wind-mills, though somewhat
of a windmill himself, has at last
been caught "with the goods" tn the
shape of "tainted money." He got it
from the Waters-Pierce Oil Company,
a "Standard" tentacle. Bailey says he
merely borrowed it. but being an honorable Senator it Is somewhat of a
mystery how he ever expects to pay it
back In kind.
in  tho Anal
recognises   me   nm   »••»•   —   —-     . ... ini  ,
analysis   all   government   and   »**<.l«i)* £   ,
re*t upon force.   Behind tho lawmak- I*-
er and the Judge there Is always the
bayonet of the soldier and the baton
of a  constable  to  carry  out   the behests Of tho ruling claas.    Those^vho
hypocritically   deprecate   violence   on
moral  grounds   forget    that   '»**^JB
nothing   but   legalised   and   organised
violence.    So  long  as  this  means of
repression Is at the command of tne
capitalist class, physical rsslstancs on
tho part of the people should he dis
couragod, not because It Is wrong, but
•oecauiTlt Is certain to fall. The working class must first obtain power by
the use of their votes In their own In-
terests. when the legalised force of the
state will be at their dlspo«.il.   When
that day arrive* we should not be• trut-
to principles of Socialism It we did not
uso It for the abolition of capitalllam,
as unsparing, as pitilessly and w I has
little  regard   for  any  other Interests
than our own as the ruling class has
always done.
CAPITALISTS  FTOHT ONLY  FOR
SPOILS.
Workingmen should remember that
so far as Liberal or <?on_«wtlva c«n-
dldatss are concorned. thero ^is no
principle Involved other than the de-
sirs to obtain office for the sake of the
•polls. To gain office, tho old party
candidate, are willing to promUj
evsrythlng ln slKhl. from a I*****™
service to the Island to a good Job at
the City Hall. To gain offlce they win
join any lodge prof«"   •»n-/ ^,"■,on•
mand of the Socialist Party. Any
m of education promoted with a
■' » ot perpetuating the present sya-
.i    ot   capitalist    exploitation    and
a-, • «lavery Is a menace to the working cl-"*. and as such cannot be supported by the elected candidates of the
Socialist   Party.
THR SOCIALIST PARTTS PLBD-B.
Wc ji., ie,- ourselves, as the party
of th< . .ij king class, to use o'.l political power, a--, fast as It sholl be en-
tniHted us by our fellcw workers,
both foi tlr imiiif-'.i.iti* interests and
for their u.innate and complete eman-
vlpat'un.
It municipal ownership wtll Increase
the wages or shorten the hours of any
part of '.'.if. working classi. we are for
munletr*l    ownership.    If    three-cent
rtreei-car fares or ITtW r-xempt„>u fn-ni
te* will make It easier for any part
.  the workl»ih' class to   live, we are
• t*   Mie*e    [u-.'linilv'..-t.    But,   realising
I   t the wnrklrg class In Glasgow and
t nlac- n  where    these    palliatives
.,. ,i   ier., trivd, are. as a whole, in no
better       •  Worse     position    than   the
workei      t Toronto, thc Socialist Party
decline?        make 'tn tight upon these
.Issue'-  oi    doubtful  efficacy,  and  de-
.uds 'li    ^omplet<) abolition of wage
livery, tre> iiMl<v*tlve ownership of all
e land** Rtid machinery used in pronging the  means of life tor all  who
io useful ir.'.or.
«. wen" r> wrDE awakenino.
'. bat  uie wcWng class aro at  last
'..r':enlng  to a realisation that their
ir* ndi-atton   oan    only   be    brought
su 1.1    through    an    uncompromising
al pti'ty Is amply shown by re-
SIMILKAMEEN COMRADES
GET READY FOR THE FRAY
Hold Convention at Kercmcos and Select Comrade Geo. t.
Winkler as Standard Bearer to Contest the Riding at the
February Election.
AN OPEN LETTER TO ft. W;tWTEE
ii    i.i —_————_»
John T. Mortimer Directs Pointed Reitiarfe to the Cdiof of
the Winnipeg Voice and Ex-M. P. and off ers Whole****
Advice Bearing Upon Labor Pofitics.
Uavw'i'piusnta   in   Russia,   Japan,
iltany nnd Prance, by the awaken-
',!> British wage-workers ln the
in      Or   •   ,r-   &»i.\>—.«   .._-_
rei *nt Brtttth elections, by the steady
pro **ess of tho .Socialist movement In
the United States, In spite of such
middle class reformers as Hearst and
Bryan, and by the decision of tho recent trades union convention In .British Columbia to endorse the Socialist
Party (orgnnlsed ln the Interests ot
the working class alone), Instead of
following the "will o' the wisp" of a
"labor" party, whose slogan ts "get
something now," nnd which la ready
to compromise with any old party or
accept any endm ation ln order to
gain offlce or -Jobi. for the "labor load-
A foot nt snow, the storm still rag-
l-g und a thirty-mile drive over a
mountain road where In some places
the snow would be very much deeper.
These were the conditions which
three of us had to face If we wished
to attend the convention at Keremeos
on Saturday, the 15th. After waiting
till nine o'clock to see If the storm
'v,m*_ let. up at all, and finding that
bu ■ -il of getting any better It seem-
ec i ■ bo snowing harder than- ever, we
deci-ud that lf we wished to get to
Keremeos that day It was high Ume
to start. On enquiry at the livery
bam we found that the only available
vehicle was a double-seated democrat,
which we chartered and started on
our  trip to the Similkameen.
Wc made fairly good time considering the conditions, and reached Green
Mountain about two o'clock, where we
stopped to feed the horses, also our- j
selves. After an excellent lunch we
started on the laat and worst part of;
our jour.icy, but our discomfort was
to a great extent alleviated by the
beauty of the scenery. Ths rugged
mountains nnd the firs and pines, with
their thick white mantle of snow. Is a
scene that will always stand out as
one ot Nature's most beatulful pictures.
My two comrades, Logle and Winkler, who sre both posts of po moan
order, spent most of the time In declaiming about the beautiful snow, oc*
caalonally they were fetched back to
earth and things terrestlal by a small
avalanche falling from the overhanging trees as we passed under,
as we ore by thc un-
enactmonts—the work
ers."
Hnndlcnppi '
fair  leglslatlv.   	
of both political parties—requiring pro
perty quaitflcuons for municipal can.
din iti-H, we havo not boen able to put
a full ticket In thp field. We have,
however, nom'nnted candidates for
some positions, whose n:tmes will be
found bclp"'. if elected they will owe
no Blleglaiue except to the Socialist
Party, and on any measure ., hlch may
seem of doubtful Import It «111 be their
duty to ask themselves tho question
"" *' —■"••-i in tho general and
the working
tuiy   i" —■-  —,  ,_
•Is this proP0-**1.,n
n«rmanent Interests of . . _., .
5___?" nnd to decide accordingly,
wkhout rZxrd to the Interest, of the
Ux_-yers o" any other consideration
If wu believe tn Socialism, we ask
y-irCtes  not for our candidates as
We reached Olalla between five and
six, and found several comrades on
the look-out for ua We received many
pressing Invitations to stay and have
supper, which we were forced to decline with many regrets. Reaching;
Kereme s about six thirty we Just had
time to Have a hurried meal and
change of clothing before meeting
time.
If the weather had been fine the
original program was to hold a convention of delegates In ths afternoon
nnd nominate a candidate for th. Similkameen, and to hold a public meeting In tho school house ln the evening,
but owing to the bad weather most of
the delegates were unable to get to
Keremeos before seven o'clock, so ths
only thing for us to do was to have
the public meeting first and hold a
convention afterwards.
Comrade Peterkln, of Olalla, having
been elected chairman, opened ths
meeting with a short address. Introducing ths various speakers. Comrade S. W. S. Logle spoke for three-
quarters of an hour on the Principles
and Kthlcs of Socialism, also ths marvellous growth of the movement since
Its Inception. Comrade Logic not only
made a very excellent speech, but he
made lt so Interesting that the attention of the audience was rivetted the
whole time he was talking.
Comrade Geo. E. Winkler, who was
the next speaker, was loudly applauded on making his appearance. Comrade Winkler, tn a speech lasting thirty minutes, sent ln several home
thrusts, and in finishing quoted some
statistics that started some of his "old
party" listeners thinking very hard.
Comrade R. L. Northey was the last
speaker on the list, and tn a very telling speech on what "Socialism is, and
what some people think it is," showed
that besides being an orator of exceptional ability and eloquence, that he
had also a grasp of his subject only
to be attained by a studentship of
many years. There, being no opposition speakers, the chairman thanked
the audience for the fair-minded way
in which they had listened to the different speeches. A vote of thanks
was proposed and carried, thanking
Comrade*, Logle. Winkler and Northey. The audience then dispersed, the
members of the party staying for the
convention.
Thc next business on the list was to
form a Local at Keremeos. This, needless to say, did not take very long,
nearly all the members having been
connected with some Local previously
or with the party directly. A Local
was formed with seven members, Comrade R, L. Northey being elected organiser; Comrade Glssler. treasurer,
and Comrade' Peterkln, secretary.
Good luck and long life to the Similkameen Local. Long may lt flourish.
The delegates then went Into convention.
J. W. 8. Logle was voted to the
chair, and Comrade Peterkln was appointed secretary.
Chairman Logle then briefly addressed the convention, advising them
to nominate a candidate to represent
tho party tn the Similkameen.
Geo. E. Winkler was proposed and
accepted unanimously by the members
as Socialist candidate for the Similkameen.
Comrade Geo. E. Winkler thanked
tho delegates for the trust they reposed in him. and said he would endeavor In every way to prove himself
worthy  of  the    confidence    they  had
(The following open letter to A. W.
Puttee, ex-M. P. for Winnipeg, and
editor of the Voice of that city, was
forwarded to that Journal for publication at the same time a copy was sent
in for the columns of the Western
Clarion.—Ed. Clarion.)
St   Vincent,    Minn.,   December    17th,
190*5.
Editor Voice, Winnipeg, Man.
There comes.a period in the evolution of the labor movement when it
must put forward a definite program
on behalf of the working claa* and
adopt political tactics In harmony
with that program. Naturally when
labor first becomes conscious of the
necessity for political action In Its own
InteresU lu conception of what Is best
to do is by no means clear. However,
like all men. It learns by experience,
and in the course of time we And Its
program becoming definite, comprehensive and logical, and the men prominent ln It confronted with a situation
where they too must either keep pace
with the movement, relapse Into silence, or degenerate into reactionaries,
oftlmes more bitter and unfair than
the movement's legitimate opponents.
There were many (myaslf among the
number) who had hopes that yon-
elected as a labor representative-
would advance a* men like Hawthornthwaite and Davidson have done, and
when tbe labor movement of Canada
developed Into the Socialist Party that
we should have you with ua Tour
general attitude of late seems to lndl
cate that instead of so progressing
you are In a fair way to become as
reactionary as many another labor
mn who has failed to make good at a
critical sUge in the history of the
movement.
In your last Issue you publish an excerpt from a sheet that- styles Itself
the Vancouver Tradea Unionist. I
should insult your intelligence If I
were to say that yon did not know
that this sheet has recently been gotten together b> a hungry horde of Liberal politicians for the forthcoming
provincial elections in B. C, and that
It masquerades under    the   name  ot
trades unionist" to humbug ignorant
electors into the belief that lt haa
something to do with labor unions,
and further that the slanderous lies
and misrepresentations you aoct^d is
current venom spat out by the
Vancouver World and other Liberal
rags   throughout  British  Columbia.
And yet you, a whilom labor *repre-
sentelve—yourself a sufferer by such
dirty tactics—republish this stuff without warning your readers of IU source.
As one ot those who heaped to elect
you on two different occasions, I gave
you more credit than to suppose that
no matter how you might regard the
Socialists you would stoop to republish the lies of their capttallst opponents while remaining silent as to the
good legislative work which these
Socialist   roprosentaltlves |accoi_pVh»
*-**-• .    *_
Any of your readers not on to the
situation would Infer that this was a
more or less representatlv- opinion
of the B. C. trades unionists. I challenge you to produce one single trades
union ln B. C. which would stand
sponsor for such a diatribe, while you
cannot but know ot dosens ot resolutions passed by them warmly approving of the actions ot the Socialist
represenutlves. I am at a loss to ac-
.  _— „_.._ „„ti_na pxcent that it
him alive, while the capitalist—htdtiSf
trious only In robbery—geU away with
the cream of the product; there is a
line of action sketched out whereby
the worker, while forcing the maal-
mum of palliatives and reforms ultt-.
mately frees himself from capttsHst
exploitation; there Is a vision of a society of free men, master* of Um
wealth they create, who may thsrsby
develop the best trait* of human nature, and though the road be lone ant
the fight hard, and death may eoaae
before absolute victory is reached.
there 1*. In the conflict to which the
Socialist Invites, ths necessary Ingredients for unlimited enthusiasm Ia ths
first two successful coatesu you were
engaged in there was some of this «m-
thuslasm behind you. In the third,
which left you defeated. It was gwaa,
Why? Because either you could not
or would not keep pace with the _•*-*
lutlon of the labor movement. Ths
men who were prominent la these ini
two lights have for the most part gone
on with the Socialist Party. All ot
hem were conspicuous try tlieir absence In your late labor party light.''
On the Sunday following the dsfsat
of the Socialist candidates who oaeP
tested two-thirds of the co_*rtttu*-t_se*
in the last Dominion elections tn B. C-
thers was a bumper meeettng MM by
the party In a Vancouver theatre, aad
there was enthusiasm. These meeting- have been kept up, wherever a
branch of tha party exists, week to
and week out ever since the boor of
IU -defeat. Will your labor party do
as much? If It won't, and you know
tt won't, there is a reason for tt which
may do you good to dad ont
Tours truly,
JOHN F. MORTTMEK.
WAR AND THB WORKING Clamm%,
re-irrBcHwuTM.    - 	
count for your actions except that
Is chagrin on your part that the recent  attempt   to    organise    a    labor
party  ln   opposition    to the Socialist
Party met with such an Ignominious
defeat.
In Winnipeg you practically had no
opposition   ln  putting    forward   thi!
labor  party.  You  said  In    effect  thoj
Socialists  were narrow  and  appealed
only to one class.   Tou were going to
unite  all  classes  and    cut a broader
swath; you were going to absorb the..
Socialists and produce bigger result/
than they were doing,   ln view of the
recent municipal   election*   have youf
done so?   As a matter of fact not one.
half of  those who voted    for former
labor   candidates    responded,   and   lf
there was a Socialist In your outfit he
kept very quiet about it.
In your editorial comment you complained of lack of enthusiasm. What
In the name of heaven was there inl
your propaganda to enthuse over?*
For all he said to the contrary the
ultimate political horison of the candidate you yourself publicly nominated was bounded by securing smoking compartments In street cars! Just
try and Imagine th* revolutionary fer-
Hlgher wages and shorter hours ars
alms which we ln tha unions have; but
these alms are not ends In thunisslvss;
they are means to nobler ends. They
are worth striving for because they
are helps toward attaining human brotherhood, toward a life in which man
shall work together In peace for a complete life; not fight and struggle as
they do to-day for a mere existence.
Standing for peace and brotherhood,
we are opposed to all that hinders
these. We are opposed to war and all
that encourages war.
Not only for the sake of Ideals to
be realised in the future do we oppose
war. We are against war from facts
of the past The wars of tbe past
have cost the lives of the workers,
have cost wealth produced by the
workers, bave brought untold evtt
after-effects on the workers, and hav*
benefited the ruling class, those who
do not work. Tho real rulers do aot
go to the wars. And those who command in wars ars not those who softer
most either the hardships ot the campaigns or the carnage of battle. The
average man, the private, ths work-*
lngman, pays. The working class gave
the millions of lives In the Civil War;
the working class paid, and Is paying;
the debu of billions of wealth.
More recently, the working claas ha*
reason to hate with a bitter hatred,
war and all military schemes that
make for war. lives of the workars
and wealth-producers by their labor
paid for tbe Boer War. for the Japanese War, for the Philippine Wars,
every one ot which conflicts was
brought about solely by the capitalists. And still more easy for us to ses,
is the way the military has been used
against the railway men In Chicago,
against the Pennsylvania miners, "*~"
——■—■—i   ■_   -a.
vor
that he only accepted tlie nomination
subject to the approval of the Socialists of the riding who were unable to
be present at the convention.
Comrade J. P. Way moved that at
least two hundred dollars be raised to
meet campaign expenses nnd. deposit
fee. .This was seconded and voted for
unanimously.
This finishing the business before
the convention, a motion to adjourn
was made and carried.
JAMES  W.  EDMONDS.
tv) that would thrill the average
wage-worker at such a Utopian prospect! Tou advised the labor men to
emulate the bourgeois aldermen and
"work" to "get the votes of tbe men
who know little and care less for the
Issues at stake." The "work" done by
the bourgeois aspirant for civic fame
and probable plunder Is a Judicious
distribution of  "boodle    and a boose."
shown In electing him their represen- wouidTou suggsat that the labor men
totlve.    Comrade Winkler »>■» t^«J*^| follow this course?   No doubt you have
noticed that wherever a Socialist candidate Is running there Is enthusiasm,
and there Is a valid reason for It. Just
as there ts for the absence of tt In the
case of the labor party campaign. In
tho Socialist campaign there Is generally a discussion of economic principles; there Is an examination of the
laws that govern modern wealth production; there Is a comprehensive explanation of how It happens that the
worker who produces all wealth gets
on the average barely enough to keep
against whole communities In Colorado. Foreign wars are waged by tht
working class, with wealth prodaoss
by the working class, and for ths bstf*
eflt of the capitalist class. Ib timet
when there are no foreign wan, Um
function of the military la to hold thi
«<_««* Ir. subjection, to'break strikes
These are some of the reasons whj
whole unions absolutely forbid then-embers to Join military companies
and why thousands of members 01
other unions see the evils, and bats thi
military. No union man who rod*
ties the greatness of the labor move
ment can have anything but an aa
ceasing hatred for war and all tba
makes for war.
The militia, and military ttratntog
are useless, except In so far as they fl
men for war. How military tralnlai
does this, any close observer can eat
Look at that pleasant, smooth-faced
boyish clerk. Tou know Mm at hem
and at work (for he Is a workiii
man). S3 being   gentle, consldsrate o
{others. Give htm a few months o
training with guns and unlfsrms, bug
Ies, orders and loud Ulk about obed
lenco to officers, and that young bo
Is changed. Clad In his faatastt
clothes, and armed with a modern rifh
he becomes a machine for murder. H
will thrust his bayonet into ths qutvor
ing flesh of a worker whom ha nenre
knew, whom he cannot hats; or h
will shoot human beings to death wtt
as little feeling as a wild Indian. Thi
degradation military drill - mesas fe
the boy as a human being. But ths
boy was a worker—little aa he reaHst
the class that he belongs to—and I
becoming fitted to alay other worker
he Is guilty of treason to hia elasa,
For humanity, we oppose war. , I
the nam* of peace and brstherhoo,
we are against all that makss for wa
—The Laborer. 0L*_UDK,   V_0f001T»,
OOLUMBU.
—_a
wsstsns fail
Published every Saturday   in
*: 'interests of die working class  alone
ffat the Office of the Western Clarion,
Flack Block tatnement, 165* Hastings
Street, Vancouver _C C—      —
Saturday,
• - ■ • December
talist thievery,    aad If    beaten thei**
they are going to try something else.
th* good Lord only knows what
In commenting upon the decision of
v*r.  and.  if   reports bs true,  of ths
same fraternity throughout this Western continent.
Somehow  or other  there  Is  another
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THB WESTERN CLARION
Boa 836,
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early years of th* twentieth century.
The  brass  tablet  would,  In  it*elf,   he
especially  appropriate.
To talk about     the  "greed*'  of  Uie
employer, by Van Cleave or any other
the Appellate Court    a leading    New "side *o the Shield that forces lt_elf op-   fa,tu-ad.   |S   pure  rot.    To   propose  to
York daily, with a gravity that would I****  the  attention  of  he  who  tame   *•>   {uru   ||   |*   the     swissleaa  chatter  Ol
t_e   do credit to a stoic, asserts that "It Is I «••*>-*  the various phases of life  under  ,d1ot.v     when  such
the obvious duty of the SUte to pro- present-day civilisation. There is an- f_)lu olu. of lht. delectable !-.h>r-sk!n-
tec-t file mothers of our citlxens from other story to be told that suffices to njng fraternity. and Is made to a
laboe conditions either physically or |e-*-*1 Stave doubt upon the truth of liungr> pack of the same species
jM-rally Injurious." This ts indeed !*"* assertion that is so often made l.ngse appetite for the Juice that can
laughable. As the pres-tit State is Ith*- P«**>*;»^«*»>* ■» general and wide-/ on) ^^ trom ,he exploitation of
the instrument of capitalist produc- )*nMm*m J? !_»_ *2"Mti2_S! °_r,Sl"!■*•*-* ** »*****-***bltf- <* ,s a vi^" f
tion, it stands to reason if lt has arty P" **** tlm 'h! l*,,v*Vl_n, Ar?J I sanastenf and ridiculous buncombe
•obvious duty" It I. to safeguard it ESS T_Clf_- ^"" _t!* "£ l***** ," ,hat « th" ******? *2Z.
and secur- toil any and al. rtghu and l^^^Z-^,^^'^-^:! >'^» **> ****• « **«* *  »*
It la said that Hearst has announced
his retirement from political llf*. H*
will never run for offlc* again. His
staff of boosters look upon hi* action
in the matter a* a case of another
good thing gone wrong.
106
Watch this label on your paper. If this number ia on it,
your subscription expires die
next issue.
sturday December  2Sth,   1906
-THE COMIXG STOKM.
jging for the wherewithal to "keep thei
ipot boiling."    Whether the contents of'
privilege* to  whieh   Is   1,   by   i:*   very   7;;,-,.;,',; „■,'.*;.    „,*.,;:;,.::':  '".,   -*■•  ******  l'>   ■va<1",g  th''  wr,l,klrs
nature entitled.    Capitalist Production J^ ^t\"ere t0 ^ «£*^^tand I °. ^'V* Soyed
calls for profit.    It cannot be carried | „„,.„_  ,h_  ,-,_w„*   _r     .__    *___-„.      *'-*'>or   *■        empio>c_
1 solace the Interior of the oeeirars
on unless thi* Is forthcoming. It is j themselves, or were to be sacrificed
clearly entitled to thia In fullest mesa- for otlwr purposes. Is not known, but
ure. If. in order to secure this. It be- ag the papers of the day following
comes necessary to employ women atid Christmas announce that the Army
children under such conditions as will Lf presumably Impecunious beggars
prove to them physically and morally 'distributed about H6 meals to needy
Injurious, It is not the duty of the 'persons on Christmas Day. it would
present SUte to interfere, but upon j incline to the opinion that at least a
the contrary' it is 'ts duty to prevent part of the kettle's contents escaped
intermeddle*-** and officious nineotn-jjhe salvation stomach. Another Job-
poops from placing: any obstructions jlot of Christian charity was worked
In'the way of    Its   attainment.    The toff  at   the    Carnegie   Library,   where
There are hundreds of workingmen
|n Vancouver  who have entirely  lost
alth in the ability of the various political movements  of capitalism  to do
nything to relieve the economic pressure brought to bear upon the work-
class   under   the   present   system,
even were tbey actuated by a desire
ijto do so.   These workers are looking
for relief to come by way of some political movement that springs Into be-
pug as an expression of the Interests
of the working class itself.   They are
apldly awakening to the fact that the
-lalist movement   of  the  world  ex-
|presses the hopes and aspirations of
enslaved labor     to break     the bonds
rhereby    It it is now chained to the
chariot wheels of    capitalist exploitation and   outrage.    The   workers    of
every country on    earth are   looking
forward to the crystallisation of these
hopes and     aspirations into  concrete
ad effective action along the lines of
onquering the public powers on be-
of the working class, and the use
of those powers for the deliverance of
ibor from    the     thraldom of wage-
slavery.   That they are not to be disappointed Is evidenced by the tireless
nd unvanqulshable   persistency with
Thlch   the      socialists   push   forward
eir assault upon  the entrenchments
kths State) by means of which capital
Enforces its brutal regime of robbery,
spins  and      slaughter     against   the
forking class.
In the heat of a political campaign
lhe time is propitious in which to precipitate  socialist   sentiment   Into  con-
ete action.   Then is the   opportune
ime to fan the flickering spark upon
['Liberty's altar"   into     a consuming
Irresistible flame that will spread
stematlon in the ranks of the in-
lo-trial bandits and  commercial plr-
pites who,     vampire-like,     suck their
iibstance and  their   power from the
julvering     flesh   of     their economic
Maves.
Fortunately  for the workingmen of
C. the exigencies of capitalist pol-
al trickery have   necessitated an-
er     election  of     members of the
ovlncial     parliament at     an early
ate.   When   the    announcement was
that an election would be held on
t. 1W7, the heart of every soclal-
in the Province was filled with Joy.
these     campaign times, while
litical discussion Is upon every ton-
the workingman Is ln a partlcu-
1y receptive mood and the task of
averting blm     into a staunch de-
of tbe Interests of his economic
in    human society   is rendered
[However much the political expres-
pon of capital may be split Into con-
ling factions during the approach-
campaign the fact will still remain
at but two political movements will
in the field.   The one—though per-
spllt Into numerous noisy facet-*-—will stand for tbe present sya-
of property     based upon wage-
sysry and production for profit. The
her— the Socialist  Party—will  stand
ths freedom of labor and produc-
for use.   Either position is lrre-
•ilable  with  the    other.    Between
advocates    of   each   there   t«   en
presslhle conflict of Interests that
III not     down.      It Is "war to the
life and the knife to the hilt," until
age-slavery Is abolished and produc-
Hi for profit has become a matter of
st history.
|*_very sign upon the social horlson
portsntlous  of the  Social  Revolu-
>n.   Tbe class struggle waxes fiercer,
enthusiasm  for     liberty grows
nger.      The "atmosphere   Is sur-
arged with  the     electricity of the
nlng storm."    Every socialist can-
Its    elected Is a     lightning flash
ring Its rapid approach.
Court ln question evidently had a
clear comprehension of the State's
duty In the premises and was true to
that duty In rendering Its decision.
The la**v referred to being an impudent Interference with the fundamental principle of capitalist production
was very properly declared unconstitutional because its purpose was to
curtail the food supply upon which
the full, free and robust growth and
development of capital depends.   .
The source of capital, and of ll-
subsequent growth and development,
is surplus-value, or that portion of
the value produced by labor. In excess of the value received by labor In
the form of wages. Capitalist production is carried on exclusively for
the purpose of realising this surplus-
value, commonly termed profit. The
present State "has sprung into existence as the custodian of that principle. If the State be true to that
from which it springs: if it be true to
Itself; It must give faithful account
of its stewardship by conforming In
its every act and edict to the conservation of that principle In all that the
term Implies. Capitalist production
not only implies the right to extract
surplus-value from the toll and sweat
of labor, but It cannot exist except it
contains within its political and economic mechanism the power to enforce
that right against whatever obstructions may appear in its pathway. That
It does possess this power is evidenced
by Its ability to over-ride any interference with this right that may be
attempted by shallow-brained sur-
face-sklnnersL
That It Is physically and morally Injurious to women to work In factories
during the night-time Is doubtless
true. It ls likewise Injurious to the
worker, either male or female, adult
or child, to be ground up Into surplus-
value In the mill of capitalist production at any time whether day or
night. It Is, however. Inevitable that
they will he so ground up lrregard-
less of sex or age so long as the Ignorance of the working class Itself Is so
pronounced as to tolerate the continuation of the reign of capital. When
the working class shall have become
sufficiently enlightened to realise the
harmfulness of production for profit,
upon whose altar they are now so
mercilessly sacrificed, they will bring
to an end that baneful rule, and
henceforth conduct the industries of
the world for the purpose of providing themselves with things for their
own use. The things they require for
their sustenance, comfort, happiness
and general well-being. N^ more and
no less. That such a regime will conserve both their physical and moral
well-being is self-evident. It requires
no further demonstration.
To make no attack upon the right
of capita] to exist at all, and at the
same time attempt to curb Its propensity to reap surplus-value to the utmost of Its requirements, is equivalent to allowing a lion to dwell In a
well-stocked sheep pasture and at the
same time expect to curb his appetite
for mutton. Preventatives In the
shape of legal enactments. Instituted
by the "Consumers' League" and similar* nincompoops, would have Just aa
much effect In the one case as the
other.
Those who approve of the present
system of property and at the same
time bitterly complain of some of It*
evil consequences, are very like unto
he who "strains at a gnat and swallows a camel." Our worthy consumers of the products of other people's labor, in this Instance gag at the
thought of the crucifixion of women
upon the cross of profit, through
night work In factory hells, while at
the same (Ime they swallow the system of capitalist production that
make* such infamy not only possible
but Inevitable, without turning a hair
or batting an eye.
They are truly a consistent band of
asses, though their asslnlty might be
lessened If they ' would <* take the
trouble to assimilate a little horse
sense.
PROOFS OF PltOSPKIlITY.
, longings
"Could  be
STRAINING AT A GNAT.
|lt has been discovered by a band of
onomic nincompoops of New Tork,
(town as the   Consumers'    League,
a large and ever-Increasing num-
|r of women ars being employed at
lht work In the factory hells of that
ate, and that   such work is detrimental to their   physical and   moral
Mfare.   They have secured the pae-
of a law   prohibiting such em--
*>yment.   The Appellate Division of
Supreme Court of the State, with
ease, grace and abandon peculiar
I capitalist courts, has Just declared
If any doubts were entertained as to
tho general and wide-spread prosperity of which so much is said, those
doubts should be removed by the records of the past week. Shopkeepers
were never so busy before, and the
gladsome grin upon their unctuous
countenances betokened an Inward satisfaction that could be engendered by
no ether means than the profitable
uhloadinfe-nof their wares In return for
thu Hhekels of the multitude. It Is
strongly suspected that the song of
Joy and praise in their hearts during
this Christmas-time was Inspired hy
th- cheerful clink of the coin dropping into their coffers, rather than by
thc remembrance of the birth of He
who was born and crucified to save
sinners. Be that as it may, Christmas
business was    good,  sales were    im
over 200 people were given probably
tho first square meal they had experienced during this prosperous year.
Owing to the tact that the number of
starvelings apparently at this particular function was not as large as It
might have been, a local pper offers
it as Indisputable evidence of general
prosperity.
In consequence of the prosperous
twimes the Salvation Army in New
Tork City, with the notorious Timothy
D. Sullivan and the Bowery mission as
subsidiary corporations, felt called upon to feed but 37,000 poor people. For
similar reasons an insignificant 70.000
poor families was all tbe material that
Christian charity could find to whet
its teeth upon in the city of Chicago.
Numerous Instances of employing
concerns giving their employees a turkey or something of the sort, are recorded, all of which reminds us of
Parker Williams* story of the Klondike prospector who, finding himself
ln the interior, with provisions gone
and nothing left but dog, sled and roll
of blankets. As hanger pressed upon
him he began to seriously contemplate
the sacrifice of the life of his faithful
dog In order to preserve his own. As
this would leave him without means
of transporting himself and his be-
to some point where food
obtained, he thought better
of It and hit upon a most happy ex
pcdlent, by cutting off the dog's tall
and converting It into a savory stew.
After regaling himself with the meal
thus provided, and In response to the
appealing look of his now tailless but
starving dog, he tossed him a Joint of
the tail bone with the remark: "Tow-
ser, good faithful friend and companion, you have stood by me through
thick and thin. I appreciate your
fealty and devotion. Here is a nice
bone for your dinner."
That the exploiters of labor are en-
Joying a period of phenomenal prosperity ls certain. The huge volume of
business being done, as expressed by
the enormous bank clearinsrs. coupled
with the air of embonpoint and smug
satisfaction worn by the skinning fraternity In general, affords ample proof
of this. That the working class Is en-
Joying anything that could be construed by any well-intentioned nnd
fertile imagination as prosperity
worthy of the name, is proven false
upon every hand. Wages, expressed In
dollars and cents are, It Is true, in
somo cases higher than formerly, but
the price of the things the worker
must purchase have advanced in a
corresponding or even greater ratio.
With the thousands of families which,
according to the news despatches, were
forced to depend upon charity for a
meal on Christmas Day, the lie direct
Is given to the oft repeated assertion
that there is a scarcity of labor In the
country necessary to the carrying on
of all needful work. Tlie further fact
that the quantity of provisions necessary' to provide a meal for these needy
onen was on hand and available for
the purpose, still more emphatically
denier, the assertion. In a country of
boundless resources no thousands of
people would be found In such conditions of poverty and distress as to be
compelled to accept the Ignominy of
charity In order to get one square meal
a year unless they were denied the
right to utilise the resources or were
robbed of their product when they
did.
Slaves cannot prosper. It is an utter
Impossibility. It Is an unthinkable
thing. The slave Is robbed of the
wealth he produces. This absolutely
precludes the possibility of his prosperity. That Is the sale privilege of his
master,  hi*  despoller.
The workers under capitalist rule
are slaves. Their product belongs exclusively to the master class, because
the Intter own the resources of the
earth and the Instruments of production. By owning these 'they practically own the working class. Through
such ownership the capitalists are enabled to command the service of the
workers and appropriate the product.
Nothing further than this was ever
accomplished under any previous sys-
tchi of slavery.
As long as the wage-slave will consent to wear his chains, the master
will prosper. When he breaks these
chains by dethroning the master from
his control of political and economic
power, the slave will havo attained his
freedom. He can then enjoy the prosperity that will come from the opportunity to feed, clothe and shelter himself without being robbed.
law   unconstitutional,   and    the mense, and tho   bourgeolse   soul was
br-esald nincompoops aro exceedlng-
Iwroth thereat. Of course they are
Ing to appeal to some higher dlv-
>n of tlie Judicial bulwark of capl-
anolnted as with the oil of gladness In
consequence thereof. Beyond question
a period of prosperity la being enjoyed by the business world of Vancou-
CITtZISS'R ALLIANCE rniLOS-
OPHV.
"We must curb the greed of tho
autocratic employer. We must show
tho worker that It Is best for him to
render a fair day's work for a fair
day's pay. We must prove the true
relations of capital and labor are of
fraternity, not of war,"
Thus spake Mr. Van Cleave, one of
the delegates to the recent convention
of the Citlsen's Alliance, during an
address to that humanitarian conclave. Surely such words of wisdom
ought to be engraved upon tablets of
brass and handed down to posterity
as a choice specimen of Citlsen's Alliance philosophy In vogue during the
■'employe- under
•r • t system Of property In
means of production, for the
purpose of making a profit out of lt.
Such an arrangement is undoubtedly
good for tlie employer as It enables
him to obtain at hast -wine portion of
the products of labor fur nothing. The
larger the portion the better. There
is no point In the process at which
•he etniilii.v.T can cither stop of his
own volition, or be made to Stop by
any Outside force. Short Of the abolition of the system of property that
makes his existence as an employer
possible. Tho Increasing economic
pre-wutv u|hhi the workers that Is
forcing thorn into an ever more rebellious mood l« not due to the greed
of employers. Their salllprtsae are
corner-stoned upon the making of
profit. Their- interests lmtx*ratlvely
dmiand that the greatest i«is*lble profit be obtained through their operation. The Individual, or concern, that
persists In refusing to comply with
such demand would eventually be
distanced In the capitalist race by
(hose who were wise enough to play
tho gtYtae according to the ratal laid
down  by the game Itself.
If ii Is a moral and proper thing for
sn employer to make one penny of
profit out of the labor of employees,
then it is an equally moral and proper
thing fur him to make millions, lt Is
nol the volume of profit that can. by
any stretch of the Imagination, del ermine whether the act Is moral and
proper, or otherwise. The act Itself
must be taken as the criterion. To
make profit out of labor. Is to rob
labor, no matter whether the profit be
great or small. Employers of labor,
capitalists, who find themselves in a
position to obtain huge profits are no
BUM entitled to be termed greed
than the most Insignificant member of
thc thieving tribe. It Is not a QtMBtioa
of pr.t-,1 ut all. It is purely a question of opportunity, of power. The
capitalist, who. finding himself In pes
session of such opportunity, would al
low any milk and water scruples to
prevent him from making the most of
It, would be an Imbecile, and a dla
grace to his thieving tribe. He should
be placed In the home for feeble-
minded, or locked up as an incorrigible
The spectacle of Van Cleave getting
up on his hind legs and declaring to
that band of Cltlsens Alliance pirate-
that "we must curb the greed of autocratic employers" could only be
equalled by that of a wolf proclaiming
to his fellows that "we must curb thr
appetite of the hungry wolf for tnut-
Ton," while at the same thru- then
was :i drove of fat sheep In a near-by
pasture.
Van Cleave's guff about "a fair
day's work for a fair day's pay" Is so
stale il Bin, Us bad. Everything Is to
day measured from a capitalist stand
point. The only "fair day's work,"
from that standpoint, Is nil that can
be gotten out of the worker, und the
only "fair day's pay" ls the least possible amount he can be compelled to
accept In return for It. It will not he
necessary for "we" to show the work
er that such a happy arrangement is
the best for him. Ile has been "from
Missouri" long enough to pretty well
realise that Its the best for him that
Is possible under the property regime
that has produced such a fat-bellied
but still hungry band of parasites as
Van Cleave and his Citizens' Alliance.
To "prove that thc true relations of
capital and labor are or fraternity, not
of war," is no doubt easy. When "we"
have proved tt what an era of reconciliation will he ushered In. The
slave will no lonffi-r envy the master,
the master no longer look down upon
the slave. The highwayman and his
victim will hall each other with Joyous acclaim, fall upon each other's
necks and weep, and at parting the
latter will force his valuable* upon
the former as a tribute upon the altar
of their Interest nnd mutual esteem.
Betwixt the vendor of gold bricks
and tho gullible agriculturist will be
woven ties of friendship that will make
thnt of Damon nnd Pythias look like
a farce. The burglar will ply his avocation In daylight, and when he rnps
at thc front door Im greeted wllh a
hearty welcome from his friend the
householder. The domestic will entertain her steady In the front parlor, and
tho mlstres* wear the cast-off gur
ment* of the cook. It Is easy to see
that nftpr these and numerous other
reconciliations hnve been effected the
politician would lose his Job, penlten
tlarics become depopulated, lawyers
and courts a superfluity, bullpen* nnd
compounds unnecessary, . theological
thlmble-rlggers useless, and hell no
longer grow In population. At least
not by Immigration.
It Is Indeed snd to think thnt the
workers are so dense that they cannot
realise the existence of those fraternal
relations between capital and labor
without the necessity of Van Cleave
and his bunch showing them. Nothing could be plainer than the mutuality of Interest Involved In the coining
of their lives Into profits for their employers. The nice and even distribution of wealth that results from lt
ought tn enable a wooden Indian to
see it. Why. even Van Cleave sees It.
The Cltlsens' Alliance convention
evidently saw It too. The members
were so Impressed with Van Cleave's
words that they promptly re-elected
"Postum" Post of bum breakfast food
fame, as president of tho Alliance for
opither term. Everybody knows he Is
well qualified to carry out Van Cleave's
*ii*r*re*tlons.
The wages of railway employees
proposal ■"i"ius(l|own around Cincinnati. Ohio, were
recently advanced five or ten per cent.
There wa* great Joy among the slave*
tlureat, until they wenl to pay their
rent When tbey "discovered rents had
advanced % to 40 per cent, they were
exceeding *ad  and somewhat  wroth.
The servants of the "Holy Church-
in Itusslu have so successfully piled
their ecclesiastical trade as to hnve
helped themselves to MtMM dl*sa-
tlns of the besl land In tho Empire.
\ dlssatin l» equal to ITO acre*. As
a writer In the New York Worker
naively intimate* church dignitaries
cannot be expected 10 live entirely
upon "Holy Uhost and fresh air.**
the
the
sole
.Union  Directory
-     When They Meet; When Tt.,, Mttl
gPt  Hvtry labor t'mon lit th,
vUr-l.    '
ai until
...-.7   .,*.>„.   imun 1,1 |r f   .,,,-
IS pi«c ■ ..ni meet th.. CTT *•hl
«.     a*t-vtarie* UUem n.*r '"" **
International Aaeoclation of Brid
and Structural  Ironworker,   __8
No_ 8?f ?_}*__■ Ubor h»»■'£_
and third Friday of the month _
1 p. m.    B.  Jsr&nc.  Recort?_l__.
a
retary
Box  UM. Vuu,
"•"-I'l'l-fcc-
nver, fi. c.
Phoenix     Miners'   Union
W. P. M.   Meets
No. t
***ry Stturdts
evening at 7.30 o'clock in Miner.
hall. John Mclnnis, pr«idtw
Waiter Morrison, Secretary.
Who will do the dirty work, under
....olallrim?" Is the question often asked by Ita most learned nnd able opponents. The answer i» easy. The same
bun.-h of politicians, parson*, professors, editorial wiulrt*. shyster* lawyer*.
potto-Man, detective*. Judicial lumln-
sries, salvation army offlclai* and Republican, lletnot-ratlc. Liberal and
Conservative lnbor decoy* at so much
per. who perform this detectable ser-
vii •• under capitalism. Il Is too much
o SXPSCI this breed of pup* to die oil!
at ones. Their spawn wtll no doubt
he mtnenttf fitted, through heredity,
to drive scavenger cart* and remove
night soil Ut generations to come
TIIK   POVEKTY   I'ltOIU.EM.
The only way to *olve the poverty
problem of both out-of-work and underpaid worker* hns been clearly pointed out by some of the be»t thinker*
on economic*, and which l« to begin
to manufacture for use and not for
profit. This, of course, mean* that the
profit-monger must be displaced a* an
individual, or a company, or a tru*t,
such it* exists at present.
The only trust. If trust there mu»t
be. I* that of the nation, to whom
every member mu*t be entitled to s
fair share of the national wealth production. This, of cour*c. is what landed and capitalist class*- object to.
hence the accumulation of wealth In
»» few hands to the exclusion of the
great majority of the people having
the wher- withal to live In either de-
esney <>r contort The result being Ihe
rich are growing richer and lb* poor
poorer.
t'nfortunately. the mass of Ignorance
on ecmotnlc questions ls so great
among what is tanned the common
people that no nertou* effort I* made
to alter pre»ent conditions ilurmur-
Ings are often heard about the callousness of the rich toward* the suffering*
of the poor, but these murmuring* are
stifled a» far aa possible by the dole*
of the wealthy, aided by the Influence
of th*. church** and ihelr preaching of
the doctrine that the poor ye alway*
div.- with you. and which the uneducated portion of lhe proletariat accn-pl
aa ii thing that mu«t be for fear of
WOtrm that might follow If they mad*
nny decided stand agallist the nn*-*«.r»
that be. The government* of to-day,
Ilk.- ull past government*, doe* little
or  nothing to  tighten    the  burden  »f
those wham tot 1* the hardest.   Om
fold millions have been spent on armies and navle* for the destruction of
peoples In other continents, but when
It «ome* i<> relieving the ncocwrttle* of
the poor a paltry sum of £209.000 I*
«rati ted as a sop to feed, clothe and
house over half-a-mlllloa of people,
who. like the Hon of Man, have n«>-
where tn lay their head*, but Just depend day by day nnd night by night
•>n relative* or friend* for a semi-Mar-
ration existence until the M»wer with
HI* scythe come* to relieve them of
the strain. Surely it wtll not be ever
thus. Reform or revolution must
come to end a state of thing* that Is
a blot nnd a disgrace upon the civilisation of the twentieth century/—
linkers'   Magaslne.  London.
Socialist Jirirj
ghT Every Local of the Moeiaiu.
Party ol Canada ahould rua • «_m
under this head. |i 00 ,w m<nVt
flscrylartee plsaas aot*
Uritlali Colombia Provincial i:«r(ut|.f
Committee, tioctallst I _rty 0t Ou*
ado.    Meet* evsry sltern-te Ttw*.
i*f' ___ S ********. Secret**-,,
Box 8j6, Vancouver. B. C
Executive Cummluee, fe.
cistlst Party of Canada. _„_
every alternate TnesAsy }. 0
Morgan. _ecr*Uty. Ul Umratrt
-treat, Vancouver. U. c
l/mal Yemoamvet, No. 1, s. v. of ta*.
ada. Buslasas mteiimcs tvtr*
Monday evening at headqunrttrt
Inalssld* Block, til Cambir -trett,
tr-om I, second Boor). Educt-
tional meetings every Sandai at I
P- m.. tb Satllvan Hall. Cordon
sMfneti Prsdsrtc Parry, -ecrttsn
Bm taa, Vancouver, a C.
Local Toronto, 8. P. oi C    Meets er.
cry Sun-fay . p. m at Darij Halt,
corner Oueen ami ** . \vfI|.
net. F. Hair, Secretary, 41
Henry Street. Finnish Brands
meet* Sunday night*, unu h*!!
Jewish Branch, Saadav nighu it
185 ta Queen St. West
Local Winnipeg. S. P. of C. meets
•very Sunday, in Tradm if,'l, it
a:jo p. m. J C>x<-in. Secretary, lift
Prince** St., Winnipeg. Man
Local Nelson, a P. of O-Meeu even* Friday evening at h pm, m
Minos' Union Hall. Nelson ll C
A. W. Ilarnxi, Orgaoixer.
J. reward Bird.    A. 0. Brydos-Jar*
BIRO 1 BRYOOH-JACK
a*ttmmt.Hr. nh.:. h.>i.■ rm
Tat. 890. P.O. Bos. •'■'•*
934 Hastings St. . . Va»r„u,w. RO,
-.IPIT.tlJKT IfKVItl/OPMKNT I*
NANAIMO.
'Wo want Justice," hysterically
Khout* one of the champions of organised labor. Of course we do, dear
man. But we stand Just as much
show to get It under capitalist rule as
the denlsens of hell do to get len
cream.
Two by-laws huve been paaacd by
th* council giving a right-of-way to
the saw-mill and to the Western ruel
Company to run railways through the
town. Kvery slave driver, commonly
called a bos», wa* canvassing the miner* for thelr votes on the by-law
Every sucker the company had wiih
canvassing the town, telling the work-
ng men what a good thing It would
be for them and every rig waa hired
in bring the slave* to th* voting
booth*. Keep your eye on Nanaimo
nnd see how the thing works out. The
press ha* been frantic In 11* efforts on
behalf of th,, two corporations, p.,1,,,.
Ing out the pro«perity  mat    thi* will
,k ?*._" *• workln* vlsss. Heelng
hat the population of Nnnslmo Is
Wgsly composed of British people, It
Is wonderful that ihey have not profit-
«i by their experience. In the older
-otintrie* where prosperity never
come, to the working elasa through
capitalistic  development.
Capitalistic development mean* an
Increased population and greater competition In the slave market. If that
* what the working class of Nanaimo
want they will surely get It. The vote
wu* put to a referendum to-day and
both corporations won out by a ten
to one vote In their favor. Apparently the people realise that In capitalize
development they will he soon stripped
of everything they own snd that the
sooner- the Job Is finished thc better
I wish to point out to you the concessions that the Western Fuel Com-
pany has granted to the parties that
voted upon  the by-laws.
JO** ■___ mov* thftt tne «*«>nipany
made here was to cut off th* prlvll-
<se of free coal to the widows of men
«K oad^en killed In the mine. Th"
miners had free coal under tho old
company; they cut that off likewise
The next move was to stop the miner*
rom fishing „nr their wharves Si«
thcy cut off the# seven-liottr day on
Saturday and mado It eight. The pco"
Pie had alway* been In the habit of
___*_2-__- ,n *umm«r on Newcastle
cut ow ikC '°n_ l*lMa*- the company
cut off that privilege, also, by putting
up "-«•■» oil   the grass" notices   ali
over their property.
Then came tho famous strike which
GRAND BALL.
Britannia M;ner»' Union, W 1 M,
will give a (irand Invitation lull in
Myers' Hall, Pender St. Vancouver,
on Monday evening. I>r. .11 Bran
field'* orchestra ha* lieen seciiri
the iHcasiun and an all-round it ,.l
lime is assure-. Thc ereatcrn mmer»
already hold an enviable reputation ai
entertainers and the Britannia !■•>*.
have on this occasion takm it ii|«-n
themselves to break the record in
thi* respect. Those who delight to
indulge in the maxy waltz am! lhe seductive quickstep ahould n-'t ■'-•
look this event.
Tickets are $2.00 per couple, inoitd-
ing supper. Invitation* may i.e «■
ciirc.l upon application to Prof My-
era, Myera' Hall, Pender St, or r »
Shearme, 41 lla-duii*, St _a-.t. I'"
not forget the dale, Monday, Deecm-
oct _i, toab.
Ihi* eight-hour law wi-uld shorten th«
hour* of labor nnd thai Ihey would
have to pay for II nl the rat* nf a
dollar a month per num. The in- D re*
fused to submit to this, and s.-ltiK 'hut
ihey were strongly fortified In belong*
•ng to the United Mine Workers of
America, they thought thnt the* could
host the company. *o the strike _»«*sn,
and it lasted t„nr months. Then Italph
Hmlth nnd Mackeniln King brought
rorwnrd a scheme which looked f***»'
Ible to the mon and they voted for It.
A few dny* nfter they hnd goi i<>
work they discovered thai they I""1
been betrayed. It seems thst then ! a
wicker born every minute. The conditions that the men returned to w"rk
on were those at the open shop and nn
recognition of union*.
With this development of cepltall*****
In Nanaimo, it will bo up to the capitalist cluss of Vancouver Island to
raise a strong mllltla corps to keep
Pae slaves In subjection nml hand
them out bullet* in plane of loavw
when they get tho Idea Into their
head* that they cap overthrow capital*
Ism with a strike.
Tho Trades and Labor Council et
Toronto has been taking Karl Orey '"
task for he speeches he made when "
tho Coast to tho effect that all th'"
country wanted wa* cheap labor. I »•«
that that champion of lnbor. Ttnii"*
Hmlth. ho* endorsed Knrl Orey'*- aund
This Is the rock that Hawthornthwaii"
and Smith split on when they bjiin
belonged to the Independent l-"1'"1
Party. Hmlth mild thnt the Chinese
were a benefit to the province. Haw*
thornthjvalte said thnt they were n
curse. ' At that time Bmlth was supposed to tie a friend of labor, but time
ha* proved him to lie a traitor to labor and a friend to tho capitalist <lacf
Wat**
Keep your eye on Nanaimo.
tin. eomnnnv m\,.*T ~T TV**" ""'"•'n | for the slaves, profits for the innsters
hour ri_r%hmv loi-*^'' thfl ",,th'     YoUr» *** thft -"--volution.
They toM   ,ho   men |h^| "Arouse Yo Slaves."
hour day, 3s-trrday.
.December nth, _m
aoaaaoaaeaeoeaaneoeeeeeaeaaoeeea
PARTY MATTERS J
AND ANNOUNCEMENTS »
ioaeoeo»eeeeeeeee»eeee»»e»«ea»ee
Con. Keatrlke .  ....  ..._..   l.oe
A. H. Stebbings 25.00
J. Kay        so
J. Rattery   so
J. Ritchie       1.00
These columns have been placed at
ths disposal of ths Psrty. Secretaries
of locals are requested to lake advantage of them in, at Intervals, reporting conditions in their respective
localities. Communication* under this
hsad should bs addressed to the Dominion or Provincial Secretaries. Local secretaries are further requested to
lookto these columns for announcement* from the Executive Committees.
By this means the business of the
Party will be facilitated and ths Dominion and Provincial secretaries
rellsved of a little of the lncrssslng
burden of correspondsnee.
TO STUDENTS OP SOCIALISM.
In order to afford comrades an
easy access to standard works on
Socialism, tbe committee haa decided
to lay in a stock of literature. Tbe
following are on hand and will be
sent post-paid to any addrees at
prices quoted. Two-cent sumps
will be accepted for sum* not exceeding as cents:
Tha Origin of tha Family, (9.
ammn^fmm)    ese    mm    oa*    t*nm»m»'**n**aamp,oe        450
Th#    Social   ltovolution (Karl
maMtmhmaaJJ   eg*   a**pe******t***w*e**m**se—*
The World's Revolutions (Bra-
sat Untennann)  .„..
The Socialists, who they an
and What thegr stand for,
(John Spargo) ..„ ,.„ $ .so
The Evolution of Man (Bolecbe)    .80
Modern    Socialism   (Chaa. H.
waPnthg      eee     sea     eeeee.ee*e***e*t.*t»et *•**•• *
Olaas    Struggles    in   America
we should act and act quickly.
Yours for the Workers' Revolution,
n_« u ,     aFAS' f- lovvrie.
Uarcsholm, Alta.
PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE COM-
MITTEE.
Special meeting. December 23rd. All
members present. Comrade Hawthornthwaite made report of organisation work on the Island. Further organisation work outlined and a warrant for |25 drawn to Comrade Hawthornthwaite to cover expenses of
same.
A campaign tour In the Interior for
Comrades Kingsley and Hawthorn-
thwalto determined upon as early as
possible.
Adjournment.
D. G. McKENZIE,
Secretary.
.00
.60
VAH00UVIR LOCAL, NO. 1
Regular  business   meeting December
2ith.    Comrade Flowers |n  the chair.
Minutes   of   previous   meeting   read
and approved.
Warrant* authorised for thc following  sums:
Literature agent $10.45
Hawthornthwaite   meeting   e_p.. 30.00
Rent   «rand  Theatre   (next  8un-
"->«>*) 15.00
The  following    officers  were  elected
for  the  ensuing  term:    Orgnrilscr,   R.
JMacLachlan; Secretary, F. Perry; Rec-
.36 ordlng-Secretary.   L.   Broderlck;     Programme Committee, Comrades   Peter-
(A. M. Simons)   „.    .10 «on,   Stephens   and   Sharman;   Audlt-
The   Communist     Manifesto, ling Committee, Comrades   Burns,   Mc-
Karl   Marx    IO cents Kcnile and Stephens: Literature Agent.
Socialism, Utopian and Sci- I- ML Sehey.
entitle,  Marx  ft   En«ls...IO cents     Comrades   Burns,   Perry  and   Steph-
WaM. Labor and Capital, ens appointed to audit book* of Do-
Kan  Mam  A cents minion and Provincial Executive Com-
The Mission of tbe Working Claaa. mltteea
Chaa.  Vail      ,i „„..,.._ _...      M     Receipts—
Sccialiegi end Farmers, A. }A. jCoiiection,  Grand  Theatre $46.91
Simons 5 cents ' literature sales 10.45
Other works procured to order.     |Due*  •*'■ ***
Addreaa the Utarature Agent. Box
BM, Vancouvar, B. 0.
TO SEORBTARIE8 OP LOCALS
list or SUPPLIES.
Constitutions,    psr dosen  f .86
Membership cards, each  01
Application blanks    (with platform) par 100 ae
Total S58.30
Adjournment.
FREDERIC PERRY.
Secretary-
NOMINATION OF CAMHII.VrF.S
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 2«, 1906.
)To the Officer* and  Members of Local
Vancouver, S. P. of C:
' •"***■**"**-* You  are hereby  notified  that  a  spe-
The  committee  being  a  Stockhold-  .-tal meeting will be held at headquar-
er in    the    co-operative    publishing ter*. 313   Cambie street, on Monday.
houae of Chaa. Kerr ft Co., can pro-  Doe, 3i*t, at s p. tn,, for the purpose
cure literature for the locals at cost, of sekvting five , umiidat.-.- for seats
Campaign fund  receipt books    are In  the  Provincial      Legislature  to  be
now ready and will be furnished   to voted for at the.election to be held on
locale at to cents each. Feb. 2, 1907.   All member* are urged
O to bs prewnt at  this meeting.
PROVINCIAL    ORGANIZING FREDERIC PERRY,
PUND. SecreUry.
 o-	
The following amounts received up!
to date: MK*
Previously acknowledged..   ..I139.80
J. A. Teit        100
-THIS IS TO
ToUl $140.80
CENTRAL CAMPAIGN FUND.
It haa been decided by tbe Provinciel
Executive to build up a central fund
to bc used in generally assisting in the
coming campaign and more especially
lor tbe purpose of printing and distributing campaign literature.
All comrades wishing to collect
for thla fund ahould at once apply
to the provincial secretary for a receipt book. No effort ehould bc
spared in building np thia fund.
Tbe following amounts received np
to date:
Previously   acknowledged..    . .$44.fin
Spartacus     -•■'*'-*
J. A. Teit      1-°*"
Clarion  sub..         *•*"
ToUl 161.00
Forward all contributions to  Provincial Secretary.
 o	
TO SOCIALISTS IN CANADA.
Thc comrades of Local Claresholm,
Alberta, have decided that it will be
» pleasure as well as a duty to give
a helping hand to our comrades in
■ ■• C. in their fight against capitalism
in the coming election.
At their last mcetiiiR they voted" to
start a fund to bc called the Alberta
Aid to B. C. Election Fund.
Two-thirds of this fund is to be
placed at the disposal cf the D. C.
Executive and one-third to bc used
for agitation in Alberta. Contributions to be sent to
J. J. Morgan, Dom. Secy..
551  Harnard  St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
Claresholm comrades may leave
their contributions with J. W. VVoos-
t«r at the Tin-Shop, Claresholm.
Stavely comrades may leave theirs
with Lee Hewitt, Bands Store, Stavely.
The forces of capitalism will no
doubt be concentrated in an effort to
stamp out Socialism in B. C, where
"■ur comrades have won such signal
victories ih the past and given
promise of so much greater victories
in the immediate future. We, too,
should therefore concentrate our efforts in B. C. .that capitalism may be
given an effective blow.
We therefore call on all comrades
throughout Canada to do as wc are
doing, vocals should lose no time
in appointing some one to receive
moneys for this purpose. Unorga-
niaed comrades should send their contributions to the Dominion jfecretary
direct. _ .        .
Thia fight in B. C. is our fight and
WOltkl.Vt.MAY
you.
You know that no campaign can be
'carried on without, at least some
: funds. You don't need to be told this.
Jt is a self-evident fact. You also
know that the old-line political parties
have no trouble In securing funds for
jth« reason that ttu-y represent the In-
; tercsta of capitalists and of course
i these 1 -pltallsts can and will pay their
campaign cx|ienses out of the plunder
they have assured from the robbery
of the workers. With a worklngclaas
political movement, however, It is a
different matter. There are NO propertied Interest* standing behind It, and
which It Is sworn to protect. It must
depend solely upon such contributions
a* you. Mr. Workingman, see fit to
!glve. In order to cany on Ita work.
You are a generous giver when It
comes to giving up your hide to your
employer. You will surrender It to
the last square Inch without a kick
providing he gives you a small ration
of grub ln the form of wages. You nre
all right M u giver In such a case,
but when you come to contributing to
tho euro'Ing °n °r n movement that
pun'Ofes to relievo you of the necessity of giving up any part of. your
hide to a labor-sklnner. you amount
to but little. What you contribute
won't  sink  a  ship.
With the amount of money the two
old political hags-Liberal and Conservative—will spend In this city alone
f,,r bOOM during the coming campaign,
the Socialist Party could carry a do-ten seats, and BO* a cent would be
used for the purpose of moistening the
gullet of any thirsty British object,
either. It takes money to pay for
halls, literature. speakers' expenses,
etc. On top "f Into comes the penalty
of $100 for each cnndldate, which In
the case of Vancouver means |M0 for a
full ticket. These expenses cannot be
met except workingmen put up the
money. If all who are Interested
would chip in even a dollar each there
Is not a ruling In the Province that
could long withstand the assault tha
could and would be made upon lt. It
I* up to you. Mr.  Workingman, to do
your Uttlo P«-*-    "nt'  be (I d  qU
about tt too, or every decent person1 in
lho community will lose what Ittle
respect they now have tor you. jprop
into tho headquarters, 313 Cambie St..
and make your 'contribution It -111
be acknowledged In the following ls-
„„.. of thc Western Clarion and used
In a manner to get more squeals out
of the gang that lives by robbing M,
than you ever emitted against the
robbery In  Ml  your  Ufa,
Hero Is what some of you have already done for tho campaign fund of
Vancouver Local:
previously   acKhowleilge.l
C.  Lain*  	
Geo. Nichols  	
Per D, P. Mills	
J. Irvine 	
J. Shutson 	
J. Woods 	
Per R. P. Pettipiece  ....
O. Itaynmer 	
A. J. Peterson 	
...131.00
... 1.00
... 5.00
... 6.8G
... 25
.. 50
... 35
... 3.50
60
... 10.00
Total    $89.85
o	
FROM THE INTERIOR.
Phoenl-, B. C, Dec. M, IMS.
Editor Western Clarion:
We enclose herewith resolution
covering action of Socialist convention
held ln Phoenix on Dec. 1*. By giving these resolutions publicity you will
greatly oblige,
Yours for the revolution,
J. CHAS. HAL8EY,
J. F. JONES,
R. D. MITCHELL,
Press Committee.
RESOLUTIONS:
WHEREAS, the Phoenl-ulabor convention, representing the combined
unions of Grand Forks and Phoenix,
recognises the old parties, both Liberals and Conservatives, to be hostile to
the Interests and welfare of the working class;
And whereas, at the recent Labor
convention held at Vancouver organised labor decided that the Socialist
Party only can adequately expresa the
true Interests of the working claas In
lhe Province of British Columbia:
Therefore be It resolved, that we
place in nomination Brother and
Comrade John Mclnnis, a union man,
as a Socialist car.didate and as our
unanimous choice to contest the
Grand Forks riding In the coming
Provincial election:
And be lt further resolved, that we
pledge ourselves to support hia candidature financially and otherwise,
and recommend him to all friend* of
organised labor as a man of honesty
and integrity of purpose who has the
true Interest and welfare, not only of
the workerlng class, but of all humanity at heart.
J. CHAS. HALSEY. Phoenix;
J. F. JONES, Phoenix;
R. D. MITCHELL, Phoenix;
THOS. J. BENNINOER,
Orand Forks;
W. J. CROSSAN. Orand Forks;
R. BUNTING, Grand Fork*.
Pre** Committee.
. o —
MOUNT SICKER, B. C.
At a meeting of Mount Sicker Miners' Union on December 12th, 1906, the
following  resolutions  were  adopted:
Whereas a great Influx of Hindoos
has set into this province, through
misrepresentation of local conditions
and
Whereas aaid Hindoo* are wandering In bands around different local!
ties with absolutely no mean* of support, depending on charity, and at
times using forcible means to obtain
food and shelter, and
Whereas this ls working a great Injustice tin the Hindoos as well as cltlsens of  the province, and
Whereas immigration of thla claas
to the province la encouraged directly
and Indirectly by the transportation
companies.
Be it therefore resolved, that this
union do Its part tn bringing this
matter pointedly to the notice of the
proper authorities, requesting said authorities to take Immediate steps to
stop the incoming of the Hindoos and
all Asiatics who do not make desirable
citizens and whose presence la detrimental to the welfare of the people,
and,
Be It further resolved, that a copy
of these resolutions be forwarded to
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Premier of Canada; to the Hon. Richard McBride.
Premier of British Columbia, and the
Miners' Magaslne and Western Clarion
for publication.
(Signed) i
ED. LEE,
President.
G. N. MORRISON.
Secretary.
 0	
%* chains, thence 8. 8» chain*, thence
E. 80 chains to point of commencement.
10. Commencing at the same point
as No. 9 marked the N E. corner post,
thence 8. 80 chains, thence W. 80
chain*,, thence N. 80 chains, thence E.
80  chains   to  point of  commencement.
11. Commencing at the same point
a* No. 10 marked the 8. w. corner
post, thence E. 80 chains, thence N.
80 chains, thence W. 80 chains, thence
8. 80 chains to point of commencement.
12. Commencing at a post about
three miles Westerly from the post
on No. 11 marked the S. W. corner
post, thence E. 160 chains, thence S.
40 chains, thence W. 160 chains, thence
N. 40 chains to point of commencement.
13. Commencing at the same point
as No. 12 marked the H. W. corner
post, thence E. 160 chains, thence N.
40 chains, thence W. 160 chains, thence
ti. iO chains to point of commencement.
14. Commencing at the same point
as No. 13 marked the N. E. corner
post, thence W. 160 chains, thence 8.
•10 chains, thence E. 160 chains, thence
N. 40 chains to point of commencement.
15. Commencing at the same point
as No. 14 marked the S. E. corner post
thence W. 160 chains, thence N. 40
chains, thence E. 160 chains, thence
8. 40 chains to point of commencement.
16. Commencing about six miles
Westerly from Atluck Lake marked
N. E. corner post, thence 8. 160
chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence N.
160 chains, thence E. 40 chains to
point  of  commencement.
17. Commencing at the same point
as No. 16 marked the 8. W. corner post
thence E. 160 chains, thence N. 40
chain*, thence W. 160 chains, thence 8
40  chains  to  point  of  commencement
18. Commencing at a post about
Jtwo and a half miles In a Westerly
direction from Atluck Lake marked
■the 8. E. corner post, thence N. 160
chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence 8.
160 chains, thence E. 40 chains to
point  of  commencement.
19. Commencing at a post about
one mile Easterly from No. 18, marked
the 8. E. corner post, thence N. 160
chains, thence W. 40 chains, thence 8.
160 chains, thence E. 40 chains to point
of commencement.
20. Commencing at the same point
Ss No. 19 marked the 8. WI corner
post, thence N. 16u chains, thence E.
40 chains, thence 8. 160 chains, thence
W. 40 chains to point of commencement.
Dated at Vancouver, B. C, December
15th,   1906.
IMPERIAL TIHBEK _ TRADING
COMPANY.
Sooth 1« ___»,  taeuB* West te chains  to
point of commence—cat
IS. Commencing st the same point as No.
22. marked the S. £. corner post thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 ch*ins, thence
South 160 chains, thence' East 40 chains to
point of commencement.
24. Commencing at a point near the N. E.
corner of section 81, marked the N. t. corner post thence South 10 chains, thence West
80 chains, thence North 90 chains, thence East
80 claim to point of commencement
ti. Commencing at the N. E. corner of
section tt, marked the S. E. comer post,
thence Weat 160 chains, thence North 40
chains, thence East 160 chain*, thence South
40 chains to point of commencement
26 .Commencing at a point half a mile East
of the S. W. corner of section 27, T'p. 15,
marked tbe S. E. corner post thence North
160 chains, tbence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement
Dated at Vancouver, B. C, December 10th,
1006.
IMPERIAL   TIMBER   _   TRADING   COM
PANY.
T*_LHW»NH M9
CAPITAL CITY BAKERY
G. A. OKHLL, Haasfsr
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City.   You call always \
depend upon our bread.     Try it. [
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B.C
NOTICE.
NOTICE.
NANAIMO, B. C.
Nanaimo. B. C, Dec. 18.—The following contribution* to the campaign
fund have been received:
T.Booker $"-00
.T. Stephens 2.00
W. Storey LOO
Total $5.00
T. BOOKER, Collector.
JAMES YOUNG. Secretary.
THOMAS HARDY, Treasurer.
NOTICB
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that
after sixty days we Intend to apply
for a special license to cut and carry
away timber on the following described lands In Rupert District:
1. Commencing at a post about
two miles In a Southerly direction
from the head of Atluck lake, marked
"Imperial Timber A Trading Company's" R W. corner po*t, thence N.
160 chains, thenco K. 40 chains, thence
S. 160 chains, thence W. 40 chain* to
point of  commencement
thence 8. 160 chains, thence W. 40
chains, thence N. 160 chains, thence E.
40 chains  to  point of commencement.
3. Commencing at a post about two
and a half mile* South Westerly from
the head of Atluck Lake marked the
S. W. corner post, thence E. 160 chains,
thence N. 40 chains, thence W. 1*0
chains, thence & 40 chain* to point of
commencement.
4. Commencing at the same point
as No. 3 marked the N. W. corner
post, thence E. 80 chains, thence S.
go chains, thence W. 80 chains, thence
tN. 80 chains to point of commencement,
6. Commencing at the same point
nH Nn. 4 marked the N. E. corner post,
thence W. 160 chains, thence 8. 40
chains, thence E. 1*0 chains, thence
ft*. 40 chain* to point of commencement.
6. Commencing at the same point
ns No. 5 marked the S. E. corner post
thenco W. 80 chains thence w. 80
chains, thence E. 80 chains, thence
S. 80 chain* to point of commencement.
7. Commencing at a post about two
miles Westerly from the post on No..
6 marked the 8. W. corner post, thence
B, 80 chains, thence N. 80 chain*,
thence W. 80 chain*, thence 8. 80
chains to point of commencement.
8. Commencing at tho same point
as No. 7 marked the N. E. corner-post,
thenco S. 80 chains, thence w. 80
chains, thence N. 80 chains, thence B.
80 chains to point of commencement.
9. Commencing at a post about two
miles In a Southerly direction from tho
"post on No. 6 marked the a B. corner
post, thence N.  (0 chain*, thence W.
Notice is hereby given that sixty -days after
date we intend to apply to thc Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works {or special license to cut and carry away timber on thc
following described lands in Rupert District:—
1. Commencing at a post marked Imperial
Tmiber and Trading Company North East corner post situated at the N. E. corner of section 29 T'p. 15, thence 80 chain* South, thence
80 chain* West thence 80 chains North, tbence
80 chains East,  to point of commencement
2. Commencing at the N. E. corner of section 29 marked Imperial Timber and Trading
Company's Northwest corner, thence 80 chains
South, tbence 80 chains East thence so
chains North, thence 80 chains West to point
of commencement.
3. Commencing at a point one-bail mile
East of the Northeast corner ot section 29,
marked Southwest corner post, thence North
160 chains, thence East 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence West 40 chains 10
point of commencement
4. Commencing at the same point as No,
3 marked the Southeast corner post, thence
North 160 chains, thence West 40 chains,
thence South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains
10 point of commencement
i. Commencing at a point about one-half
mile West from the Nortneast corner of section 29, marked Southwest corner post thence
Noth 160 chains, tbence East 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence West 40 chains to
point of commencement
9. Commencing at the same point as No.
6, marked Southeast corner post thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement
7. Commencing at a point one-half mile
East of the Northeast corner of section 23,
T'p. 16, marked the Northwest corner, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains, thence
North 160 chains, thence West 40 chains to
point of commencement
8. Commencing at the same point as No,- 7,
marked the N. -. corner post, tbence South
160 chains, thence West 40 chains, tbence
North 160 chains, thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement
9. Commencing at a point one half mile
West of tbe N. W. corner of section 15,
marked Southwest corner post, thence North
160 chains, thence East 40 cnains, thence South
160 chains, thence West 40 chains to point
of commencement
10. Commencing at the same point as No.
9, marked the S. —. corner post, thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement
11. Commencing at tbe same point as No.
10, marked the N. W. corner post tbence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains,
thence North 160 chains, ihenre West' 40
chains to point of commencement.
12. Commencing at the same |H>int as No.
11, marked the N. E. corner post thence
South 160 chains, thence Weat 40 chains,
thence North 100 chain, thence East 40 chains
to point of commencement
11. Commencing at thc Southeast corner of
Section 20, marked the N. E. corner post,
thence South 160 chains, thence West 40
chains, thence North 100 chains, thence East
40 chains to point of commencement.
1*. Commencing at the same point as No.
13, and marked the S. E. corner, thence North
2.    Commencing   at   the   same   point
as No. 1  marked the N. B. corner post,   160  chains,   tbence   West   40   cliains,   thence
South  160 chains,  thence  East  40  chains  to
point of commencement
U. Commencing a half a mile West of the
S. E. corner of section 20, marked the N. E.
corner post, thence South 160 chains, thence
West 40 chains, thence North 160 chains,
thence East 40 chaina to point of commence
Bent.
16. Commencing at the same point as No.
IS, marked the S. E. corner post, thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 ch.iins. thence
South 160 chains, .thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement.
IT. Commencing at a point near the N. W.
corner of section 19, T'p. IS, marked N. W.
corner post, thence East 160 chains, thence
South 40 chains, thence West 160 chains.
North 40 chains to point of commencement.
18. Commencing at the S. E. corner of section 10, T'p. 14, marked the N. E. corner post,
thence South 80 chains, thence West 80 chains,
thence North 80 chains, thence East 80 chains
to point of commencement.
19. Commencing at the same point as No.
18, marked the N. W. corner post, thence
South 80 chains, thence East 80 chains, thence
North 80 chains, thrnce West 80 chaina to
point of commencement
90. Commencing at a point onehalf mile
West of the S. W. corner of section 20.
marked the N. W. corner post thence South
160 chains, thence East 40 chains, thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 chains to point of
commencement.
11. Commencing at the same point as In
No. 90, marked the N. E. corner post, thence
South 1*0 chains, thence West 40 chains,
thence North 160 chains, thence East 40 chains
to point of commencement.
12. Commencing at thc same point as In
No. tl, marked the S. W. corner post, thence
Noth 1*0 chains, thence East 40 chains, thence
NOTICE 18 HEREBY GIVEN that
after 60 days we Intend to apply for
a special licence to cut and carry away
timber on the following described
lands In  Rupert District:
27. Commencing at a post about one
mile S. of the S.W. corner of Section
15, Tp. 14, marked the N.W. corner
post, thence 8. 80 chains, thence E. 80
chains, thence N. 80 chaina, thence W
80 chains, to point of commencement.
28. Commencing at the same point
as No. 27, marked the N.E. corner
post, thence 8. 80 chains, thence W 80
chains, thence N. 80 chains, thence E.
(0 chains, to point of commencement.
29. Commencing at a point about
two miles 8. of the 8.W. corner of
Section 20, marked the N.W. corner
post, thence a 160 chain*, thence E.
40 chains, thence N. 1*0 chains, thence
W. 40 chains to point of commencement.
30. Commencmlng at the same
point as No. 29 marked the N. W.
corner post, thence 8. 160 chains,
thence W. 40 chains, thence N. 1*0
chains, thence E. 40 chains to point of
commencement
31. Comment I-g it a point near
the 8. W. corner of Section 34, Tp 13,
marked the N.W. corner post, thence
S. 160 chains, thence E. 40 chains,
thence N. 160 chains, thence W. 40
chains to point of commencement
32. Commencing at tbe same point
as No. 31 marked the N. E. corner
post, thence 8. 160 chaina, thence W.
40 chains, thence N. 1*0 chains, thence
E. 40 chains to point of commencement
33. Commencing at the same point
as in No. 32 marked the S. W. corner
post thence N. 160 chains, thence E.
40 chains, thence S. 160 chains, thence
W. 40 chains to point of commencement.
34. Commencing at the same point
aa in No. 33 marked the S. E. corner
post, thence N. 160 chains, thence W.
40 chains, thence S. 160 chains, thence
E. 40 chains to point of commencement.
35. Commencing near the S.W. corner of Section 22 marked the a W.
corner post, thence N. 80 chains, thence
E. 80 chains, thence 8. 80 chains,
thence W. 80 chains to point of commencement
3*. Commencing at the same point
as No. 35, marked the 8. B. corner
post, thence N. 160 chains, thence W.
40 chains, thence 8. 160 chains, tbence
E. 40 chains to point of commencement
37. Commencing at a point about
one mile S. of the S. W. corner of
section 22 marked the S. E. corner
post, thence W. 80 chains, thence N.
80 chains, thence E. 80 chains, thence
a SO chains to point of commencement.
38. Commencing at the same point
as f.'o. 37 marked the N. W. corner
post, thence S. 160 chains, thence E. 40
chains, thence N. 160 chains, thence
W. 40 chains, to point of commencement
39. Commencing at the same point
as No. 38 marked the N. E. corner
post, thence a 160 chains, thence W.
40 chains, thence N. 1*0 chains, thence
E. 40 chains to point of commencement
40. Commencing at a point near
the a W. corner of Section 21 marked the S. E. corner post, thence N. 80
chains, thence W. 80 chains, thence S.
80 chains, thence E. 80 chains to point
of commencement
41. Commencing about one mile N.
from the N. W. corner ot Section 17
marked the S. E. corner post, thence
N. 80 chains, thence W. 80 chains,
thence a 80 chains, thence E. 80 chains
to point  of commencement.
42. Commencing at a point about
one mile a of the S. E. corner of Section 20 marked the a E. corner post,
(hence W. 1*0 chains, thence N. 40
chains, thence E. 160 chains, thence
8. 40 chains to point of commencement.
43. Commencing at a point about
two miles S. of the S. E. corner of
Section 19 marked the a W. corner
post, thence N. 80 chains, thence E. 80
chains, thence W. 80 chains to point
of  commencement.
44. Commencing at the *ame point
as No. 43 marked the N. W. corner
po**Vailience S. 160 chains, thence E.
Wchalns, thence N. 1*0 chains, thence
W. 40 cliains to point of commencement.
45. Commencing at a point about
two and a half miles a of the 8. E.
corner of Section 24 marked the N E.
corner post, thence W. 160 chains,
thence 8. 40 chains, thence E. 1*0
chains, thence N. 40 chain* to point
of  commencement
4*. Commencing at a point near the
S. W. corner of Section 22 marked the
N. W. corner post, thence 8. 80 chains.
tbence B. 80 chains, thence N. 80
chains, thence W. 80 chains to point
of commencement.
Dated at Vuncouver. B. C. Docembcr
13th.  1906.
IMPERIAL      TIMBER    &    TRADING
COMPANY. LIMITED.      	
TKLEPHONK B77S
HENRY BEHNSEN A
Mmfeclsrer tl
HAVANA
CHARS
■e. 1 Ctsm tt.
VICTOBIA. B.C.
ft-
SBwTNG MACHIM&
tOUEl BURMa
HIGHCUUM,
Stvve
Money
by buying
reliable,
high grade a
ing machine.
STRONGEST GUARANTEE.
National Sewing Machine Ca,
SAN FRANCISCO.  CAL.
FACTORY AT BBLVBeaanj.
Hudson'* Bar Company, Agent*.
Five Clarion sub. cards—$3.75.
Five yearly sub. cards—$3.75.
ATENTS
li;^r'_i*_t3';i.:^'i
we soodt t—e Bust—ess of
Bntineers and others who realize the tdvk—bU- -
ily ef having their Patent business transacted
byB__*r_, Preliminsr-advice free. Chsrfta
■sodente. Oar hvcatar"• Adviser seat ansa
request MarionS Marion. New York Life Bid*.
Montreal; and Washington, D.C, V.ftJL
For tbe
Campaign
Fund.
Having been authorized by
tbe publishers of tbe Weston
Clarion to receive subs at tbe
regular rate-$1.00 por year
and apply one ball of all awney
received to the Central Caa-
paign Fund, you aro earnestly
requested to assist In sweNinf
this fund by seeding your sobs
direct to me. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for •
period of not less than ono year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which meant a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, 6. C
««*«*»«**»#«**«*«*ft****W**+M*+
ft*»ftg^»»»»»»»<rfta»»»»tf»*g*»tf*»»*»»»»»
United Hatters of North America
When you are buying a FUR HAT *•* to It
that the Gen uine Union I_ibel ls sewad In it, If
a retailer has loose labels ln hi* po**e**lon out
offer* to put one ln a hat for you, do not pfttMN-M
him. Loose labels ln retail atore* are counterfelta
The genuine Union Label la perforated on frar
edges, exaetly the same aa a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some time* perforated on thro* edge*.
and some tl mes only on two. John B. Btetaoa Oo.,
of Philadelphia, ts a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MO I-IT-, Prerddent, Orange, If. 9.
MARTIN   LAWI.OB, Bacretarj, II WAT-J-Ur TO WtCTHM 0LA1IDW.    TJJWOinriE.   BMffttt      OOLWtBU.
fc-ttiwiay...:u..... becom-ur »th, \m
NEWS AND VIEWS
!
x
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THBOUCHOUT THE DOMINION
«imn- * r*r**afc»*M******^'**i**'--'^♦*^**.'**'*#
•••••••••••"l!«*®'»'**'»'»»*«^^
B. O. GENERAli ELKCTITON
SET FOR FEBRUARY
Provincial Parliament Dissolved On
December 94.—Nominations Take
ptao*- January 1* and the Election
Wns Weeks Later.—House Will
Mee Again on Thursday, March 7.
VICTORIA, B. C, Dec. 24.—A proclamation waa Issued this afternoon
dissolving the Local House. Nominations will take place on January 19
and elections on February 2. The
House stands called for March 7.
To the socialists of British Columbia the above official despatch speaks
for Itself.
It simply means another opportunity of measuring the progress and
development being made by the Socialist movement ln this portion of
King Capital's domain.
The total socialist vote ln British
Columbia ln June, 1900, was 084.
In   October,    1903,    approximately
6,000 votes were   polled, made   up   as
follows:
John T. Mortimer, Vancouver ..1,338
J. C. Watters, Victoria    699
A. R. Stebbings, Vancouver    950
J. H. Hawthornthwaite, Nanaimo (elected)    486
Ernest Mills,    Greenwood  (defeated by 9 votes)    332
Parker   Williams,     Ladysmith
(elected)      208
J. R. McPherson, Fernie    209
S. Shannon,   Ferguson   (Kaslo
Riding)        179
J. W. Bennett, Revelstoke  .    152
John Riordan, Grand Forks    242
ignorance still within our ranks at
lenst twelve should head the poll.
Olvo the Socialist Party twelve this
time, and the rest of the story can be
told in serial.
It will make the best reading matter
any bunch of wage-slaves ever clapped an eyo on In a bunk-house or any
other slave-pen.
Only this:
Get busy!
SOCIALIST   ORGANIZATION
FOR THE YOUNG.
A GREAT MEETING.
Total *,792
From 1900 to 1903 the Socialist
Party vote increased 560 per cent!
The campaign of education among
B. C._ wage-slaves has been waged
with vim and vigor since October,
1003.
Hundreds of new members have enlisted in the revolutionary army since
then; thousands of dollars have been
judiciously expended in literature,
speakers and organisation work.
The record of our representatives In
the House has   been keenly watched
by the workers, and even our bitterest" opponents must admit that every
effort put forth at Victoria on behalf
of the workers was by the hand and
voice of Corns. Hawthornthwaite and
Williams, assisted by Com. Davidson
—elected on an    Independent    labor
-«p_et In Slocan district last time, but
4*111    this    time    be re-elected    as a
Socialist
fi     The reduction  of the  election  de-
| posit of |200 to $100 will be more fully appreciated at this time.    Its entire abolition next session will be better -till.
The Workmen _ Compensation Act,
Eight-Hour Day for miners, etc., also
serve as instances of what may be
accomplished while waiting for a majority vote.tn the House, to bring
about 'the collective ownership of
things used collectively, and production for use instead of profit; ln other
words, a stop put to employers of
labor robbing their wage-slaves of
the product of their toll.
Coma Hawthornthwaite, Williams
and Davidson have still the confidence
and united support of the B. C. Executive Committee and every last member of the Socialist Party In this
Province.
What more of them need be said?
The thing which now concerns us as
workers Is to strengthen our repre-
, sentatlon In the House, and increase
tha majorities of those already elected, ao that socialist propaganda work
may he carried on to better advantage, with the ultimate aim always
the goal—the Industrial freedom of
labor!
There were ten a P. candidate* ln
the field last time; this time there
should be at least 24.
In the nine constituencies contested
In 1I0S the Socialist Party polled 24
per cent, of the total vote; or approximately 8 per cent of the entire B. C.
vote to 42 electoral ridings.
What the record of the growth of
socialism In British Columbia will be
on February 2, 1907, regts entirely
with the enfranchised wage-slave*
themselves.
The Socialist Party, as the political
expression of their needs and requirements, -will make the effort of its life
to drive the TOO old parties of capital
into one camp in this province.
So far as Nanaimo and Ladysmith
are concerned it would appear that
this much has already been accomplished.
Once the workera see and realise the
"Identity of interest" between the Liberals and Conservatives, when it comes
to defeating Labor, the issue becomes
plain—and the result emphatic.
If the workers of B. C. want a
change ln their social system—and
want lt sufficiently to work, pay and
vote for It, there are interesting times
ahead for the present state executive
committee of the ruling class—owners
of the lumbering, Ashing and mining
Interests of this province.
If the results of this election do not
please the workers' representatives In
complete control of the powers of
state, then we must only redouble our
efforts for the following contest.
"While those who toll have worked,
those who rob have planned to keep
possession of their Ill-gotten gains."
Off with your coats, slaves!
Rise from your bended knee;
To hell with the "labor market,"
Let's be men; be free!
If the workers ln this province say
the word on Feb. 2nd, every last S.
P. candidate will be elected.
And even In spite of the economic
The organization of the young has
now become an international movement. It has taken various forms
corresponding to the political conditions in the various countries. In
Austria the youths' organization already embraces over 3,300 members,
and this in spite of the fact that students, and especially those under age
have no legal right to organize. Their
organ, the Jufendliche Arbeiter, offers
the best proof of how effectively the
young graduates of the schools can
be trained for socialism. Protest
meetings were held in nearly all the
great cities in opposition to the proposed "reform" of the factory law
which would have essentially injured
the condition of the young workers.
The Austrian organizations have decided that economic activity united to
political education produces the most
satisfactory results. A special organization is also maintained in Austria for the Bohemian young men.
This has its headquarters in Prague
and pursues the same lines of work.
In Holland the organization of the
young is directly affiliated with the
Socialist Party, has considerable
strength, and has its own organ, De
Zaaier (The Sower).
France, Norway and Denmark
have similar unions of the young, ail
of which are active politically, and
some of which devote especial attention to the anti-military propaganda. The battle against militarism
is also carried on by the "Union of
Young Socialists" in Italy, whose
members, because of this activity,
have recently been subject to most
brutal attacks—so much so that a
great meeting was recently held in
Rome to protest to the government
against such treatment.
At thc present time the strongest
existing organization of the young
is the "Socialist Young Guard" of
Belgium, which at the present time
has over 13,000 members. Here also
the anti military propaganda plays
the most prominent part.
In Germany the river Main marks
the boundary of the activity of such
organizations. In southern Germany
where there is still something cf right
of free union, the organizations of
the young have combined into a general organization, possessing its own
organ Die Junge Garde (The Young
Guard). This organization is also permitted to teach its members politically. In northern Germany, on the
contrary, the scope of organizations
of the young is very limited. Consequently the police exercise their
tyrannous power to the utmost in
order to cripple even what little activity is 'legally permissible.
In this way the foolish officials give
a practical illustration of the existence of a class state, which is mu;h
more effective than the mere statement of that fact which they forbid
the socialists making. Whi'e our
south German organizations are principally occupied with political activity, those of north Germany are
compelled to confine themselves exclusively to economic action, witi a
little educational work. But this education is always in accord with the
modern labor movement, and is especially effective when combine- with
practical union activity. When th:
young are assembled in purely educational organizations. Only a few of
those who are especially studious wiH
remain true to the flag: but when the
miserable condition of the young is
kept constantly before their eyes,
with the long hours of labor, the miserable wages, the insufficient schooling, with the impossibility of any
higher intellectual training, etc., then
thc young pour into our ranks filled
with a determination to better their
condition.
They learn to grasp the idea of organization and to recognize the power of knowledge. The trrowth of the
Berlin organization, now numbering
over 1,000 members is an excellent
-lustration of the application of the
proper tactics to Prussian conditions.
—Fritz Maschke in Gleicheit. Translated by A. M. Simons, for the International Socialist Review.
Every seat In the Grand Theatre
was taken la_t Sunday evening before
eight o'clock by persons who had
gahtered to listen to Comrade J. H.
Hawthornthwaite, of Nanaimo. A
large number who arrived later on
could not get Inside the building. The
speaker dealt with matters relating to
the forthcoming election, and it was
easily to be seen that his audience
was strictly ln harmony with his view
of matters political and economic A
collection of over $46 was taken to defray the expense of the meeting, and
otherwise assist in carrying on the
campaign. One of the most peculiar
things in connection with this meeting Is that the "paper that prints the
facts," the World, did not throw a fit
within 48 hours thereafter. As that estimable and veracious sheet usually
throws several of them ere that length
of time elapses after "Jim" has spoken In Vancouver. Its lack of virility
upon this occasion is considered by
some as an exceedingly dangerous
symptom of extreme sanctllication to
truth.
The following from the News-Advertiser report of the meeting, though
rather brief, ls fairly accurate:
A crowded Socialist gathering
greeted Mr. J. H. Hawthornthwaite,
M. P. P., in the Orand Theatre on
Sunday evening. Mr. R P. Pettipiece occupied the chair, and was
supported by a galaxy of local Socialist leaders on the platform. Mr.
Hawthornthwaite appeared to be in
splendid form, and spoke with all his
usual exuberant energy. He made the
statement with apparent positive assurance that the provincial elections
would be held within the next thirty
days.
He opened with a good-natured gibe
at what he termed "the capture of the
local Conservative Government by the
Salvation Army," remarking that tt
was probably owing to the fact that
the military Captain Tatlow found it
Impossible to resist the appeal of a
redcoat and a drum, while Hon. Mr.
Green's might have been allured by the
ladles'faces under the poke bonnets.
He said "the paper that prints the
facts" was a little astray ln saying
that he was there for the purpose of
opening the political campaign; he had
opened it years ago, and meant to
keep at it till Socialism was supreme.
At the same time he was safe In saying that an election would take place
in British Columbia within the next
thirty days. In this respect both
Premier McBride and his opponent,
Mr. Maedonald, had taken him into
their confidence, not in words, perhaps, but at least ln their actions. He
pointed to the preparations being
made by both parties, and said he was
certain there would be an election
within a month—If he was as sure of
obtaining $50,000 within the same time
it
WOULD BE A CINCH.
tt-uy deserve. Why evqp the Western
Fuel Company at this season has opened Its heart and la going to present
every miner with a-good fat Christmas turkey." (Laughter.)
A voice; "Will you get one?"
"I won't get one, you may bo sure,"
suid Mr. Hawthorntlnvalte. "No
though 1 am the houd of a family, I
shall not get one of these North-Went
turkeys,  half-rosen  at  that."
Mr.lluwthurnthwalte, In conclusion.
iiulvlsiNt tho Socialists to do their own
fighting, nnd
[ NOT TO IMPOBT OltATOUS
from ueross the lino tb do It for thetn.
If they were short of men Jn Van-
couver.tlu-y had only to send to Nanaimo, and they would send over
some that would shout as loud as any
star-spangled hero of them all.
In conclusion,  Mr.  Hawthornthwaite
said  ho  would  bo glad  to  hear  from
any other speaker.    "If my old friend
Kane   is    among    the    audience."  he
said, "I shall be only too glad if he will
come up and take another fall out of
me.   I shall be pleased to oblige him."
At the conclusion of his speech Mr.
Hawthornthwaite     answered     several
questions from the audience to the evident satisfaction of his hearers. If one
might Judge by the applause.
Arrangements   have    boon   made   to
the   meetings  ln  the  arand
Sunday   evening   until
geot* Ideals and moral. *******
held up to us as the eternal principles
of truth and Justice. . But these • ter-
„ul truths do not appear quit* as ev-
erliistlng now as they did oven a tew
years ago.
Tho cant and hypocrisy, ths W
patches and running sorea of capUal-
l.st society, are becoming mote vlalbW
every day. and people of normal sensibilities are -.■ginning •o,*Urn ow"y
,u disgust. There ts llttfe wonder
that the worshippers of mammon are
waxing wroth.
Tho loaven of revolt Is working rap-
iltly. and this new force tn **>cl«-y •*-
u« irreslsllblo as the ocean • tide
They who oppose It but expose their
weaknes«  and  Ignorance,   while
they
continue
Theatre   every
further notice.
TIIE  FIGHT  VOlt FKEKDOM.
The workers of Russia have no ballot; but they have a way all their own
of giving expression to their demands
for liberty. While hundreds of agitators are being tortured and put to
death dally, the list Is not wholly composed of wage-slaves. From the present outlook, and the number of vacancies occurring In the ranks of autocracy of late, the only effective method of creating attention to the needs
of the workers Is being admlnlstered
tn the proper proportion. May their
powder ever be dry.
PARKER WILLIAMS NOMINATED.
Parker Williams is to be the standard-bearer in the Newcastle riding
once more. He was unanimously chosen by the Ladysmith comrades on December 2«th as the Socialist candidate
at the forthcoming election. Any doubt
as to his re-election is laughed to scorn
by those who are familiar with thc
situation at this Dunsmuir coal camp.
It ls needless to say that every effort
will be put forth by the Dunsmuir interests to defeat him, but those who
aro on the Inside and in close touch
with the men arc emphatic In declaring that he will win out against any
combination that may be made against
him. Tht strong efforts will be made
to defeat him by that element that
lives by skinning labor ls all the assurance the miner* of Ladysmith
should require as to Parker's fitness to
represent the working class In the
Provincial  Parliament. -
He then outlined the programme of
the Socialists. He said they would
contest nine seats on Vancouver Island, and for his own part he Intended again to take up the battle for the
miners at Nanaimo. There was some
talk among his opponents that he
would be put out of business; but he
did not fear but that he would again
sit in the House as the Socialist
representative for Nanaimo. His good
friend, Parker Williams, might also be
relied upon to sit for Newcastle again.
The Socialists would also contest fifteen seats on the Mainland, or twenty-
four altogether, and he thought they
should win at least twelve of these
seats.
Mr. Hawthornthwaite pointed to the
progress made by Socialism ln British Columbia In an era of unprecedented capitalist prosperity. The
workmen, however, found' that this
prosperity brought little to*'them. He
was told that real estate men In Vancouver were making thousands of dollars, but he failed to see how thc
wealth of any community could be Increased by the buying and selling of
lots. Labor alone could produce
wealth; and let all labor cease In this
city for a month or two, and you
could not get a dollar for lots that
were worth thousands to-day.
Mr.Hawthornthwalte discoursed at
considerable length on
SOCIALIST   ECONOMICS.
He said that lf he would try to pass
a law to-morrow to give the workers
the control of the wealth they produced, he would be regarded as a violent and dangerous man, and the people In trying to seise their own,
would be called robbers and thieves.
Tet such a law would within a shorter
time than any of them thought, be
placed .upon the statute books of
British Columbia. He said that every
effort was now being made by the
capitalists to defeat whatever advantage the workingmen might derive
from the present scarcity of labor by
bringing tn more men. For thla reason
the government, as the right wing of
the capitalist party, had Joined hands
with the Salvation Army, and Were
ready to Join hands with any traffickers In human flesh to bring labor to
our shores. The workers saw no need
for these people. On Vancouver Island, though coal had never been so
high before, wages had never been so
low. s.
"Tet some of these employers are
not such had fellows after all," said
Mr. Hawthornthwaite, "and when I
am heated on the platform, perhaps
X speak more harshly of them than
UBS. AND CONS. STAND FOR THIS.
The present form of property ownership means •'profits for masters,
wages  for slaves."
TIIE CHUnClI AND STATE
The Socialists In France have forced
the separation of Church and State.
But few Orangemen In Canada even
vote the Socialist ticket. The L O. L.
Is supposed to stand for such a policy.
Thero ts this difference, however, thc
Socialists insist that ALL churches
keep  their hands off   the school and
The Socialists* 'Marseillaise" the
world over stands for freedom. That
at this time the very streets of France
resound with Its message augur* well
for the future of the workers there.
THE EDUCA1DHUL
FORCESJIF SOOHY
By W. J. CURRY.
(Concluded)
"What a mad-house the world
would seem to-day In the frensled
revelry of capitalism, but for the
light the Socialist philosophy sheds
upon It! "What Alpine peaks of
w e-ilth, what desert wastes of poverty,
despair and death!
"To the strained and vigilant eye of
the socialist on the watchtower, all Is
well ln point of outlook. Capitalism
has had Ju day of carnage, and IU
crimson sun Is now slowly but surely
sinking In the west.
"Not more certain is the sun-rise In
the morning, than the coming of the
Socialist Commonwealth."
—EUGENE V.  DEBS.
To-day those who posses* the power* of perception, must realise that
amid the Increasing anarchy and cor-
ruptlon of capitalist society, there Is
already springing Into power a race
ot men and women, with new ideals,
aspirations and determinations. This
is the element out of which the fires
of revolt, are forging the foundation
of the Socialist Commonwealth.
All who can see must realise that
there Is evolving rapidly the intellectual basis of a new social order. They
must see that this Is the very antithesis of what now prevails.
Capitalism, like alt class-rule so
clety. detormtne* an exclusive metaphysical, idealistic literature and art.
It Is the literature and art of aristocracy In which pedigree has been
replaced by trade-marks and bank
accounts.
The new literature on the other
hand 1* democratic, scientific and In
this stage brutally unlimited and realistic so that It often offends glrevlouft-
ly the sensibilities and conceits of
those who have been living in the
fool's paradise, provided by the educational agents of the ruling-class.
The literature and art of Socialism
deals with the under-world of the
poor. It reeks with sweat and
blood and tears of the multitude who
swelter ln factories and sweat-shops;
who live In slums, who dress In rags
and feed on garbage.
At this time It wears the aspect of
revenge and some of the respectable
people are beginning to shiver, with
fear and anger at this Frankenstein
pursuer which they have created.
The literature of revolution Is elemental, like a mountain torrent—a
sea lashed by a tempest, and to the
bourgeois teachers and preachers,
dozing comfortably In their armchairs, It comes as a violent shock, a
vision Of coming disaster, a shrieking
discord of condemnation.
Our Oorkys, Zolas, London*, Sln-
clalrs, Ibsens and Shaws are to-day
the Instruments through which the
tolling masses are condemning their
masters, expressing their sufferings
and heralding their determination to
be free. This Is naturally Irritating
the educational guardians of trade
and Commerce. These owl* and bat*
of capitalism are beginning to hoot
and flutter, wink and blink in dismay
at this new light which Is being turned on In the world of thought Bour-
Wfll-IICC—      »•".      •¥.      ■ »,.„., I
who join it, become part of that flood
which will bear humanity upward to
a new and true clvllt«atlon.
"Ye blind guide* who strain «« «
gnat and swallow a camel." The opponents of socialism tell us that human nature doe* not change und that
all men are Judases only waiting for
their price. They forget, or do not
know that man Is the product of
heredity and environment and that
they nnd their opponents view values
and costs from opposite standpoint*.
It wa* Wesley who said that Calvin's god wo* hi* dt-vll, and so the
god of private property tn thc im-
iliin.ry of production t* to lhe man
who views things from the position of
tho workers, the fiend which torture*
humanity.
Wealth as viewed by those blinkered through conventional education
and public opinion, means comfort.
luxury and power and this picture
till* the whole Held of their vision.
The socialist see* the wealth of today as a thing that drip* wllh blood
<i nd sweat and tear* of million* of
men. women and children, chained to
the machinery of production, and so
the worshipper* of Mammon And
that falsehood and slander. cursos and
ridicule, bludgeon* und Jolla. dlrect**-
against this new force, but stimulate*
Its growth and develop* a certainty
that only through the overthrow of
capitalism can thi* world become a
habitation fit for civilised man.
It ls owing to the difference* In our
power* of perception thnt Sinclair*
book. 'The Jungle." meet* with such
opposite reception*.
The appetite lieing the special sense
ot bourgeois *oclety. the great message which The Jungle wa* intended
to present did not reach above the
stomach with the majority of It* read-
era They were deaf to that sublime
appeal to the worker* which awakened the sou! of Jurgls. Their sense*
are not attuned to vibrate with the
erle* of suffering humanity.
With them spirituality Is not self-
sacrifice and sympathy. It la rather
the ability to swallow and keep down
that ancient theological hash served
tip by the pulpit* on Sunday and to
feel sanctified through the merit* of
another. Thi* I* quite In keeping
wllh business principle*. To be
"moral" I* to obey the laws i*»|#cl-
Ing capitalist property: In women and
other good* and chattels or at least
"not to be found out."
The fact that thousands of Jural**-*
are having their bodies and soul*
murdered for profit continually I* beneath the consideration of our popular teacher* and preacher*. The fact
that mlllt,,ns of toller* are always
stretched on the rack to be tortured
Is of no account, compared with the
conquest* of foreign markets, through
the cheap commodities produced by
these wug«-*lave*. To be told however, that their precious stomach*
had been desecrated with chicken
made from embryro calve*, auunage*
from meosley pork and consumptive
cow*, wo* certainly enough to arouse
a protest. While to learn that a dirty
foreigner was occa»lonal!y worked up
into "pure leaf lard." and that thi*
Instead of being sold to the alien at a
fancy price was consumed by themselves, was certainly enough to bring
about an Investigation of the method*
employed In packing houses.
The man who live* In luxury
through his capital, believes that private property tn social utilities is
quite right. Hc views the worker a*
a proper and necessary part of hi*
machinery of wealth production. To
him the socialist Is a dangerous fanatic who should be Ignored as long as
possible and then promptly suppressed.
On the other hand those of the capitalist* class, who are to-day inflicting the world with poverty and pain
hnd who are at this moment, struggling for wealth, that eon only rurso
Ihem and tlieir children, are seer, by
tlie socialist to In. a band of frensled
gambler* of money-manlar*. whose
power of destruction must be taken
away. The Idea* of what I* right or
wrong are determined according to
whether circumstance* are for or
against their Interests. Thi* Is the
law   of  economic  determinism
The leaven qf social regeneration —
socialism—U a worklngclaa* re vol 11-
lullonary movement, and there can be
no compromise, no political trading.
But the worklngclas*. through cen-
turnes of oppression are dull and po*.
sess little Imagination or ambition.
Their perception* *re all centered In
*  "  struggle for  existence and In  the
atlng Just that  element  *■«„«„  .
a speedy and successful revolution
The sklll*d workman, the ,',„_„
buslDt-ss man, th* Journalist _t,
author, the man who*« «uvlroumt„.
It*, made him Intelligent, si,™ .__!t
guile and aggrt-salv*. ' *"••"■
T1h*«o of lids clsss, wh«n limy mm,,
•thr bedrock Of proletarian suUerv
bring up with a ■hock which ttl'
iiuintlv knock* thu scales f,,mi ,_',*
wyes, *o tbat th*y r!*« up 1,, violent
•rebellion against the powers wm'i,
precipitated Ilium. Thesu are Jim „ '
agents able and willing to awaken n
,10 activity the sluggish p*n-epiinna
liml ambitions of tin* workers „,„i ,"
carry Uiu messuge of Moclallsi'ii i„ „,,
who can  receive it.
The»u men who are most ai-tlv« t,,
day in the »o» luiut movament ttrl
men of i.lrlklng por*onullly umi ,„ulg,
oourago. Men like lii-bcl, liurky'
Deb* «nd London nol only »,„ tll'
world as It will be after the useful
members of society have mov. ,| ,lu
and the punmltli: class hav, i„',.,.
brought down lo wher, it l„ 1.,,,,,,. „„,
so in spite of poverty tmriUi,,,,' „,„,
abuse, tlieao men push ,.1 for tl,.n K„m
III which will b«* realised Un just ,,.
sultan!* uf all Ihelr low ami  i..,,..,
The poWer* of aympathy whi, 1, , um„
through en lighten ment anil u realistic
iiiiagltialluli, have been the secret In
all it->« of the greatness ur tl,, truly
gnat, and It Is the philosophy ,,t ,„.
ciailsin Which I* revealing t,, un ,, .,
blood-lie*     and       Inter.I, p. i,,|..,,   ,.    u|1.
whhh Is awakening In at rw.•'•.„.,.
'ciiiURiirs*. Tin* development uf sympathy I* th* true requir, uu nt which
in duo time will U-Bv.ii im,, rcgi-ners-
tlon th* whole human  race.
Ilundied* of men and wumun who
«r.i giving their live* and enurgiea i0
humanity, through the socialist „iuv,.
ment, do not even realise the spiritual
■lglil,c_-Kr of their Wi.rk. Onr l'l,»r-
.*.-«:* have *u often t„l,| liiem that
Ihey *re grovelling In material is ti, m-
fidelity that many of them l,<n,., ,t
and yet they will all admit turn in
working for *ocfall*m they lose n...-.■.,
tint* and frl*nd».
Industrial evolution Is to-day for,.
Ing men lo see that tn their *«lf.interests they must co-operate In tlie inter-
•St* of all.
11   was   1 tiger nol I   who  said   that   "an
Inivlltgibt *«lf-lov« ctuhrai t-s win, iu
mighty  arm* the  whole human   r., ■
'I'hl*   iuleltlgi-w «•   comes     thruuKh   thr
study of scivntlflo aeciallsm,
What th* Warner *t Nyapaih)   «.,,».,
When the clergy and "respectable
people'' af the North wer« «*>.ic. .,
opposing the abolitionists. Wait W1..1-
in«ii the poet uf democracy, ssl.i "I
am the hounded sl-v.-, 1 wince ut th*
bit* of the dog*. Agony ts one ,f my
change* of gormrnl. I do not „«k 111*
wounded slave how be feci* 1 «m
that wounded •!*«•*."
Thi* recall* lb* words uf thai other
eiiinrad*". "Wot I wa* in hum- r »nd
ye gave tne no meal; thirsty nn.l ■
gav* me ao drink; n*k'-,l and >• Ho-
tbr.J me nol. »l«k »nd In prison snd
ye visit, <l in* not. For in an m»''- as
ye did tl n«»t to tb* least ,.t tti.s.- y<-
dld II not to me
sin. intra description of Ixrbs, ;■■■
veal* ottre more the spirit of «rm-
p*thy behind th* ****"UII»l movement:
"lie Is a tn*n af nsleetric pr.s.n.. t»il
■nd gaunt, wllh * face worn thin with
slrugfl*** and *ult<*flng. Tt»* f"'> ••'
outraged manhood gt> »nm In 1 and
the tear* of aufterlns U'tV children
plead In hi* vwJca. Whan he "t-*->k«
he pares the *laf«, IH'.-- and > a<-
like * pwilher. H* leans or, r. r. .
tug onl for hi* audl**ii<e It- ,,-. - i«
Into th* soul with ln»t*tent ringer
Thla I* th* *plr!t of the    n< «  lit*
whtrh  to-day I* thrilling lb«  souls of
millions
rWlallsm I* now the only t'.r.
worlh while It IS the onh edueatl rial forcr tn *.i«*l<*t** thai I* !'*»' ' • ■■•
truth and social Justice It l« tin only
m„vtn.nt worthy lhe n»"'- et tt-
llglon It flH* all the requirements of
man's m«l**tl«l. Ifilelt*" tual and spiritual nature.
in  «<K*t»tlfTti    ageism    »•>-!  •«
join    h»n«l»  and    for    lhe   fir«i  ■""•
science and religion *re one
ENJOY   Lift   BY  SMOKING
The
TERMINUS
Cigar
MAM  IN  VANCOUVER
i,»„M«»«im »»**>
BURNS & CO. j
HARDWARE u*        t
Second Hand Oealer |
A large and varied a*
sortment of Heater and
Cook    Stoves,   at   bed
rock prices.
Boom Chain, and Log-
I       gcrs* Tools a Specialty
New Iron Bed*   from
$3.50 op.
; Hardware, Junk and Furniture.
1111       Vttcttnr, I. 6
+MM»»M»MMMM»M»»'>*»
the
Jungle In which they live"Ihoi'o" neari'st
the animal plane aro usually the fittest to survive.
The masses for the most part lack
eltner the opportunity or ability to
receive the message of socialism ln a
way that would enable them to pros*
tint It to others. If left to tt»elf the
proletariat might In tlmo turn on IU
rnascr* and this civilisation would
probably go down In a sea of blood.
But Industrial evolution Is. through
the concentration of capital, now ere-
C. PETERS SS2™
Hand-Made Boot* and Wipes to •>*.'" '"
all styles.   Repairing promptly a;i<1 ues<
Stock   of staple   ready n"'1-
ly don*.
MH
fthoea always 00 baud
kn
Plisual
WIIKN  IN VANCOUVER, STOV AT
THE   DOUGALL   HOUSE
ABBOTT   8TIIEET.
first Claas Bar.       BUw-rnt Hoom*.
CAFK   OPEN    DAV   AND    NIGHT*
Prior* Moderate.
CHEAP FUEL
COKE is an excellent fuel for grata*, hai!  atovea, furnaces and
cooking stoves, making a clean, bright fire without amoke or dirt.
PRICE IS.00 PER TOM.
Vancwver Gai Comply, ltd.
■ ■■nil   is as* 1 tarn
THB WEgTgftN flUflflft    fMiiMSA   -ftfttttflfl flfllttMBU.
.ATUftttAV, flflCfiMttfiri
i
9
9
9
«£ Edited by R. P. PETTIPIECE, to whom all correspondence for this department should be addressed. ®
99^Mtr9999999®®9®9®®99®®®®®®®®®®®99®99®®®®®99®99®®
AFTER THE TURKEY, WHAT?
NEWS AND VIEWS i
«-- _-■■'-■■ l ■*■ ir--_!g_-!g __'■_' '""'"'mm* "'- r___y.s' "^ '-J-SS ■g*3--*^'.*_ss^^ -5W-g*a>jr8.'Lr:'_S-S g ■' ■' >.■ a ai gar _" js? ms _ r _»i_:■a * _g_grgB_aa
.    _ - _ -"^ ^^T^T^?T!r^r i™ i-j-a"     "~i_i-|   —" • »~    ~ -**   "    -——-*—  ^^w*w <a«^^g*»e^.a ■ ■ ■C-^.-^e^aai—*-»■**»—*--»~ —^—w—»ji»^-w-0-^.-«^.^»-»>^-J^-«»~w1**«**"«**p*.—^■■.■■.■^■^■^s
AS GIVER OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION
Man is a hopeful cuss.
Sometimes, when out of a job, he
mortgages his future prospects by
obtaining goods on credit.
At no time receiving more than a
mere-existence wage, he finds it difficult to pay up back accounts—small
though they may be.
For his special benefit the Bourgeoisie has concocted a public nuisance, known as a Small Debts Court;
one oi the most contemptible petty
capitalist institutions, to be backed
by the power of the State, ever inflicted upon enslaved labor.
The Garnishee is another glorious
contrivance, calculated to make life
miserable—in most cases for poor
devils who really need the pittance
to convert more food into more
labor power, to make more profit
for his boss.
There are the hordes of pitiful
woe-howling Bourgeoisie flunkies
known as Collectors. They're a
bunch of abominations, highly creditable to the interests they serve.
Then, too, we have the modern
Shylocks; lean, hungry looking;
meaner than the Jew Christ persecutors, and always eager and ready
to seize upon the misfortunes of
others and exact their pound of flesh,
heaping shame and humiliation upon
any who come within their grasp.
Also, a bunch of buzzard-heads,
bedecked in uniform—becoming defenders of His Majesty's mandate-
called for decency's sake Officers of
the Law. The first qualification of
a Cossack, Militiaman or Policeman
is a large bump of ignorance and a
keen eye to distinguish between common wage-slaves and members of the
"business" class; between law-violation in down-town joints and uptown  Hotels  de  Bourgeoisie.
And so we might go on, enumerating the many beautitudes of present-
day civilization.
But, Glory be to Christmas!
The whole shooting-match closed
up its junk shop for one whole day
this week, and, of course, there is
"Peace on Earth; Good will to all
Men!"
THE MISSION OF
THEWORKINGGLASS
ROUSING SOCIALIST MEETING
IN    CITY   HALL   ON
CHRISTMAS EVE.
E. T. KINGSLEY, SPEAKER
The Problem Confronting Labor
Ably Analysed; the Remedy
Pointed Out; Ita Meana of Accomplishment; and What It Will
Mean to the Proletarians of the
World.
A Socialist daily is now issued in
St. Petersburg, utterly regardless of
all censorship. Things do move a
bit.
* *   *
And now Australia "has a huge unemployed problem, which goes to
show that the island continent is
entitled to front rank in our glorious
civilization.
* *   *
The Socialist Tote in Italy at the
hut general election was 300,000, as
against 168,000 at the previous election. Solidly the Socialist army is
marching on all over the world.
»   •   *
"Economic unity" does not imply
political unity; else why do we find
trade unionists boosting for what is
commonly termed the old parties—
all of them representing the interests
of the job-owning class?
* *   *
Sir Isaac Newton once rebuked a
combatant thus: "Sir, do not disgrace yourself by presuming to judge
on questions that you have never examined." How applicable to many
today who oppose Socialism.
* *   »
"Aa ye vote so shall ye reap," is
the revised version of the oft-quoted
biblical extract. And in spite of
their early training in these words of
wisdom, Uie majority of the working
class voters still continue to vote for
what they don't want—and receive
it.
* *   *
An Army of Paupers.—The statistics of pauperism in October, issued
the other day, show that 778,012 persons in England and Wales were in
receipt of relief at the end of that
month, representing 22.8 per 1,000
of the population, and an increase of
-5.495 over the number at the same
date last year. But this capitalist
system ia so practical, you know.
*   •   *
The revolutionary feeling is said
to be rising among the Swiss Socialists. It is becoming generally recognized by the workmen that the government, although professedly progressive, has succeeded during the
past two years in carefully avoiding
doing anything of value to labor.
The workers are beginning to realize
that they must depend solely upon
their own efforts for their emancipation  from capitalist  exploitation.
■ * * *
"The coupling of the word 'bargain' with the birthday of Christ
exhibits Christian society exactly as
it is, a hideous infidelity; a profanation of human life. Christianity is
so defiled that its unconscious language*, finding expression in common advertisements, publishes its
glaring infamy. To make the birth-
month of Jesus a time of huckstering; to allow for a single instant the
association of his name with the
irVn of human exploitation, is to de-
re-'nrh his image and to drag his
ideals in the mire."
On Christmas eve, Sunday last,
amid a pouring rain, some 300 workingmen and women gathered in City
Hall, to hear Com. E. T. Kingsley's
address, his subject being "The Mission of the Working Class."
Com. James Pritchard acted as
chairman, and after briefly announcing future meetings, etc., introduced
the speaker.
"It does seem peculiar that despite
the fact that the working class—the
only useful class in society—have
builded the most gigantic and complicated means of wealth production
this world ever knew—the great
mass of them are still suffering from
poevrty, except when they were able
to secure employment from another
man, or set of men," observed the
speaker.
"To ask for a job is to ask for
permission   to   live.
We hear much in these days of the
right to live.' At this very moment
the great workingclass of the world
do not possess that right. They only
have the privilege; and this because
they have no command over the
means of life. The things the workers have to use in order to feed,
clothe and shelter themselves, are
the instruments used to dispossess
that workingclass."
Com. Kingsley then briefly reviewed the methods of production
from the time of the hand tool up
to the present time of great mechanical devices; until to-day we have
what is termed by the Socialist capitalist property—a form of property
between private property and what
is soon to be—collective property.
The proletarian—that portion of society without any means of subsistence—cannot exist except by wage-
labor.
The small farmer, too, who at first
glance would not appear to have
interests identical with the proletariat, crystalises his and his family's
labor-power into wheat, etc., but he
too, must turn his product over to
capitalist property—the combines—
the latter to use for profit-making.
In the last analysis the small farmers and the wage-earners have
worked for the same thing—a bare
existence.
Surplus farm products and surplus
labor, both tended to depress their
market  price.
Therefore, the small farmer—not
the big farms, operated by wage-
laibor—-had interests identical with
the wage-slave. There shoultl be no
conflict between the small farmer
and the city wage-earner.
The function of capitalist property
was to make a profit out of wage-
labor; and unless profits would accrue to its capitalist owners, not a
wheel was turned, no matter what
the hunger or suffering of those dependent upon the sale of their ability
to work.
The function of capitalists was to
take what the  workers  make.
We have no reason to harm capitalists as individuals; but since the
means of wealth production were created by labor alone, we must merely
strip the capitalist of his power to
exploit those who do the work.
The proletariat must know his position in human society; what capitalist property is, and how he is robbed
through the wage-system, and denied
the right to life.
The workers having mastered the
problem of wealth production; with
the modern means of machine production, there should be little difficulty in providing food, clothing,
shelter and other necessaries for all.'
Yet, with all this accomplished by
the workers, they are still face to
face witn poverty in all its hideous-
ness,   degradation   and  humiliation,
They (the workers) have another
mission to perform.   They must convert    these   "trustified"    means   of
wealth production to their own use.
How?
By destroying capitalist property—
yet not wrecking a single wheel—
but merely by stripping the means by
which we live of the garb of capital
—the power to enslave labor for profit. Make it thc collective property
of the class who use it.
How?
By    taking  possession    of      the
power of government, and by legal
enactment, backed by the power and
j mandate of the working class—with
out which we are helpless. The conquest of the organized powers of the
state, the reins of public power placed
in the hands of the proletariat, the instrument with which to strike the
blow for its emancipation.
But what of resistance on the part
of the ruling class?
Say; if you wanted to capture a
grizzly bear, how would you go about
it? Would you approach it and ask:
Please Mr. Bear, will you lay down
.and die?   |laughter).
Or would you make ready for the
task before you, and 1 want to tell
you here and now the governments
of every country are just as lacking
in scruples as any grizzly bear you
could meet.
What is legal enactment?
The power to dot
Constitutional rights?
Bahl
You must possess yourselves of
the power to protect yourselves. If
the ballot will do, so much the better—for  the  other   fellow.
With all the power in its hands
the proletariat can free itself. You
cannot stop its robbery by leaving
representatives of the robbing class
in  power.
The workingmen to-day have no
means or power of enforcing their
mandate or agreements, while the
capitalism—few in number—are
backed by all the powers of the State,
and vested with the ownership of the
means of existence. Formerly it was
chattel slavery; then feudal serfdom;
now wage-slavery.
One "Professor" had said socialism
would mean a reversion to barbarism.
Barbarism would at least be preferable to modern "civilization." Why,
there are dozens of hungry men and
women in Vancouver tonight—this
glorious, prosperous Christmas eve.
The vilest holes of debauchery, prostitution, human degradation and cess-
,pools of iniquity exist within the
shadow of this very hall—with the
consent of Mr. Business Man and
Mr. Church Man, all for the glory of
God and Profit.
As you all know we have developed some of the ablest, Godliest,
and highest types of morality and
refinement in polite business society
the world ever knew. For instance,
our insurance men, copper kings, oil
kings, and that whole bunch of scalawags engaged in the business of
what?—Skinning the workers, and
dividing the swag.
And the workers?
Why, many of them are 50 busy
upholding the dignity of labor that
they stay up and slave all night in
order to preserve it.
Current events throughout the
world, in Russia as elsewhere, are
making plain the mission of the
working class. In France, in Germany, in the United States, and even
in reactionary England, the workers
are more than beginning to recognize that if they would be free they
must themselves strike the blow—
and assert their  freedom.
It is a tremendous task. But the
campaign everywhere is being
waged with a persistence never duplicated in all history.
The Twentieth Century belongs to
the Proletariat.
The Russians are sounding the advance. Capitalism cannot much
longer stand; it must choke for need
of further markets to conquer.
The proletariat will be compelled
to accomplish its mission—no matter
what the cost.
"And I intend to live to see the
flag of freedom float o'er every
country on top of this earth!" concluded the speaker mid spontaneous
applause.
After the collection, a few questions, and some little discussion the
meeting adjourned, stirred with the
spirit of the "Marseillaise."
in comfort are unlimited, there should
he necessity to solicit alms Wholesale to provide for thc poor! Was
there ever such mad inconsistency,
such fantastic humbuggery?
Will the workers, who are robbed
to make a Charity Day, never sec
this? Will they never see that what
is necessary, first of all, is a JUSTICE DAY. when Labor shall come
into its own and banish the necessity for Charity Days, and even the
memory of them, from the earth forever.—Toledo Socialist.
TORONTO^
By G. W, Wrigley
TORONTO, Dec. 20.—At the last
meeting of Local Toronto, officers
were elected as follows: Organizer,
W. G. Gribble; corresponding secretary, F. Dale; recording secretary, W.
Harris; financial secretary, H. Pettit;
treasurer, W, H. Rawbone; literary
agent, to be elected. Educational
and Propaganda Committees were
also chosen.
An interesting discussion look
place over question of nominating
candidates for municipal elections on
Jan. I, Comrade Lindella, one of
the Finnish comrades, was nominated for mayor, he having the property
qualification. Chairman Kilncr ruled the nomination out of order as
the comrade had not been a member
for the six months provided in the
constitution, he having joined the
Party last August. After a lengthy
discussion over a motion made to
suspend the constitution, the motion
was withdrawn, Comrade James
Simpson leading the fight in favor of
living up to the constitution. All
the comrades regretted being unable
to make the fight for mayor, but will
have to wait another year.
For the Board of Education, Comrades Phillips, Thompson, F. Dale
and W. H. Rawbone were nominated. Com. H. Pettit and others had
to withdraw on account of lack of
qualification or fear of losing their
jobs. No comrades had the necessary property qualification to run for
aldermen. Ten thousand copies of a
manifesto will be circulated.
One new member was enrolled.
It was decided to meet in future on
the second and fourth Tuesdays at
the new Socialist headquarters, |853-
Qttecti street  west.
A Finnish branch is being organized.
Wm. Mailly, editor Toledo Socialist, will speak in Toronto on Jan. 21,
thc first anniversary of "RIoody Sunday" at St. Petersburg. All thc proceeds will be nent to Russia to buy
guns fur thc revolutionaries, who
have no other weapons to use in self-
defense.
Eugene V. Debs has been engaged
for from six to ten dates in Ontario.
Toronto will have htm on Feb. 2
(evening) and Feb. 4 (Sunday afternoon).   Further announcements later.
same object--thc overthrow of wage-
slavery and the establishment of a
working-class administration of industry, owned and operated by themselves.    Read both platforms.
A. F., Grand Forks. 2. Comrade
Hawthornethwaitc will visit your
section for at least a week or ten
days, as soon as the coming session
closes. The Clarion proposes i»su
ing an eight-page paper during the
session, giving full details of the proceedings of the House from a Socialist viewpoint You should, order a
bundle at once and see that copies
reach the hands of every worker in
the Boundary district 2. The Clarion is now arranging for the installation of a modern Mergenthaler
typesetting machine, in lieu of their
present Monoline, then they will be
in a better position to print such
literature as you suggest, and 1 have
no doubt will do so at the earliest
possible moment. 3 The Clarion's
mailing list and revenue is gradually
increasing, every dollar of which is
going into plant except pie-card
money for its publishers. lt has
no corporations to run its overdraft
column, hence such gradual progress
It takes time-backed by organized
effort ofl the part of a conscious
working class—but it's making headway, nevertheless, and will MOB become a much stronger factor in the
Socialist movement in Canada. Two
comrades now devote their whole
time to sub rustling; later others will
join them, and soon its message of
freedom will have reached every
workingman worth reaching
Five (Marion sub. card*—$3.75.
AUSTRIA.
"Ml   ■■•-*   victors   Wil]  ,
A* a matter of "Mt  ,°
slightest doubt that  1,
It"''''.' **■*?"•-*_
revnltj
•tyhsui
clique—and   the
people.    As
not the -.
first ons
country in the hands of ,,,
tionary government,   Th
in Justice.
— ~-o-	
The Anti-Military propsg,^, ,
become   tt,   Wia„prtw,  JWJs
to cause  serious alarm {„ ,1'  >
Pi    the    ruling    class    £„, ,* "*!
have so long depended upon !.    '
chinery of murder  t„ ,„„„„
economic  tyranny  over .,
Italian     working-clati
silly   schemes   arc   b
offset its effects.
>eing
t mi
plunder*]
Manure
'I'-V!-,,!
Five Clarion rob. cards 437
A LETTER TO MOTHER.
"CHARITY" DAY.
"Charity Day" was a great success
in Toledo last Saturday. Several
thousand people bought tags and
wore them to testify that they (the
people, not the tags) had contributed
to "sweet charity." This was the
latest device adopted by the charity
organizations to get money. It was
successful, for it satisfied the common vanity of the multitude to bc
able to advertise its own generosity.
It was a disgraceful spectacle. Yes,
a disgraceful spectacle. Every person who wore a tag was a walking
testimonial to the fearful degradation, the awful failure, the pitiful impracticability of the present industrial system. The tag wearers did
not think that they believed (some
of them, at least) that they were doing a fine and beautiful thing. The
papers said they were-, so did the
preachers and the professional charity mongers.
But how many people stopped to
ask: "Why a Charity Day in a country like this, a country landed as
rich and great and prosperous? Why
Charity at all where everything that
man needs is here in abundance?"
What a farce! But what a tragical farce 1 To think that in a nation
whose resources are boundless and
whose possibilities for sustaining life
.    .    You ask me if I have given
up reading  the  Bible and going    to
church  entirely.     Well,  yes,  I   have
given   up   going   to  church   entirely.
Why should I go?    There is nothing
there for me.     I  like to go among
people who think, and are in earnest
about   something;   and,   aside   from
my   having  no   sympathy  with     the
teaching of thc church, the ministers
and church people do not carry with
them   thc  conviction  that   they  are
really trying to do something for the
world; nor do they seem to mc to be
earnestly     preparing     for     another
world.     Most of them are opposed
to anything that makes for the prog-
rcss or comfort of the common people.     They oppose change of every
sort,  theological, political, sociological.     They  are    apparently    willing
that men should stagnate and women
starve, so long as the church is stis-
tained.     They   do,   indeed,  establish
missions   for   the   poor,   whom   they
do   not    welcome    into    the    home
church,   and   something   is   done   in
the way of charity, but this is incidental   to   the   pomps,   display,   and
smug   gentility    which     characterize
the institution, as such.     It    boasts
of its wealth and power as an indication of divine favor, but it hasn't
sufficient faith in the potency of its
God  to  risk  the  result    of    paying
taxes on its property, as other pen
pic   and   institutions   are   obliged   to
do.     It  is  .1  parasite,  sustaining  itself, partly, at least, by casting the
burden of its support on unbelievers,
whose taxes are increased for its benefit.     I have no respect for it, and
do not understand how it can respect
itself.
The Vienna demonstration of the
workers for Universal Suffrage
.seems to have been beyond words—
and the "strike' general all over Austria. The ministers sec that they
have got to give way, and now *
measure to that eftect is announced
for February The orderly and disciplined nature of the Vienna demonstrators, who kept an unbroken order
of ten in a row. enabled the counting
to be done with almost mathematical
certainty, and there were in the procession 250.000 people. An enormous
percentage in Vienna, whtch, though
hig, is nothing like su big as London,
anJ **o.ooo people are calculated to
have been present as spectators. *,jo.-
000 people So wonder the Bourgeois reporters were impressed, and
thai with absolute order In the
provinces the order seems to have
been as remarkable as the lUCCCSI
of the general s'.xVr ln facl. the
authorities could not apparently provoke disorder or did BOI dare to -J
B. Askew in Justice
What an inspirit;-* rpectScl
quarter of a million of workmen
marching with almost niilit-iry pre
rision past the Parliament bonding*
as .-- demand upon their rulers that
th-y be clothed with legal rights of
cti/enship in order to be able, by
the exercise of such rights. (O break
that rule and establish their own
economic freedom A more striking
exemplification of the solidarity of
labor, when once the workers become imbued with a common purpose, has never occurred
Five yearly sub. cards   ^{.75.
NegligscShirtl
Ntt Tn Early t. Look
•
Escluaive pstterns art ao« k,„
some o( ths choke onen »IM i„
early,  and  Home of  the tssitst
cannot  duplicate,     if -011 ZSZlJ
unusual styles It will lamia* ,,*,. 1
corns promptly. '
Flatiron Hats
Tht laartttt l«ll Hat ol tht Si mi |
Them lists have u*n tathtaa
uaily received by youag inM *r.
the very first day •*.. brought
out. Neither trouble nor ,ippj
has been saved m the prodaeUn)
thee* goods, a* you will e-Nrfv
acknowledge upon exatBlaattoa.
KILROY, MORGAN CO., Lt|
M Csrim tt-set
(•♦♦♦eee+sHJ
BURNS & CO.
HARDWARE and
I Second Hand Dealer I
largest anil eheapaet sto-k .11
(■oo« (stove* in the city
Hoosn  Chains     Augers.  I„j-
•Ia.-_s.  Etc
We have mo**«_ in-., our r.»»
and   commodious   promisee
138 Cordova St, Cast
'rwtu 1571       Vticamr, I t
k**aaa*iaaee**tt*ttttttttl
8. T. WALLACE S
CASH  GROCERY STORl
We aleo tarry a full line of *sfl
ture,   on  easy   payment*,   st   firn.
that   cannot   he  duplicated.    K11
t-apart our stock
Car Wr.tlale.Ur kit nd ttirrit Sir
VAN-OL'VKH. H C.
RUSSIA IN REVOLUTIONARY
THROES.
At the moment of writing the cur-
.tain has been drawn over the great
ilrama which is being enacted by thc
revolutionary proletariat of Russia,
and no man can tell what 1* going
on behind if. There is something
intensely  fetal  '„  ,•,,-,,     • lkc  ,„  thf
Greek dranu, you fc<-| the tension of
the "Mmra." the fate of gi>,U and
men. and you seem to hear the flight
of (he long haired I-.rinyes. the Furies
of  Vengeance.
c. peters ;;-_l
HswCMsiU tests *«*i si •*•• le *** s I
•11 st»ie«    Repetitej |■■••■ , 1 * n-ism-
ly Sour.     Medr,   A «l-| •   rr».i* st* I
Mn-*-s sit»B>i ft. last
MM WesMstltr tn      Must
You never think of those things,
for you have grown up in it. It is
part of-your life, and you think, no
doubt, when the subject is hroug-ht
to your attention, (hat it ought to bc
supported out of the public treasury
because of good it does in minifying
crime, etc. Rut it so happens that
nearly all thc criminals arc church
members, and thc church is the foster-mother of that conservatism in
social institutions out of which all
crime grows.
I do not want to hurt your feelings
mother mine, but this is the way the
church  impresses  an  outsider "
CLAIUON  QUKHTlON  IK>X.
■  -ii
Secretary Revelstoke Local—I received your communication; |,,.t l,aVe
mislaid it.    Kindly write again.
G. C Vancouver—The Socialist
Party of Canada has no affiliation
with the Socialist Party of thc United
?-CS, "-J"' 0ur P1*»**««*ms are
entirely different in many respects;
though    fundamentally    seeking the
As  I  said  last  week, the  rebellion
at Sebaatopol eouW nol last; but, as
1 also said, it- effect on the soldier-
tttd sailors will be great. The army
is well-nigh  in open  revolt, and  the
very first precipitate action of the
tiovernmeni may bring mailers to a
head The press of this country
****** «i a civil war I do not believe tn that There may still b<* a
number of troops loyal to the Czar,
hut their loyalty will not stand a
three days' trial. And this rncann
that the struggle will be short and
sharp, and thc Czar's throne will fall
ere its occupant may even become
aware of it.
This, of course, on the~supposition
that Witte does something which
may precipitate matters. Bul in spite
of all the sinister rumors of a military dictatorship, we do not believe
he will have recourse to high-handed
measures. Much sooner will he drift,
■fid in that case the armed insurrection will come from thc people itself. I believe it is close at hand.
It is preached openly in the Social*
n-mocratic press, in special manifestos, and at gigantic meetings. The
Government cannot and docs not
stop it, and the masses organize and
arm.
Of course. Witte may be pursuing
in this the same tactics a* were ap*
Piled to Pather Gapon'i movement.
He allows the people lo arm in order
to repeat January 22 on a nationnl
scale Hut he will find, when the
time comes, f|,at *,e has reckoned
without his host. He will only find
a portion of the army on his side.
-y even that will not long withstand thc appeals of their revolution-
Jl-a-Wfr* J"""--* -•'-may well
repeat  itself,  but  for  him  and  his
TAKE TOUR HAT TO THt
HAT HOSPITAL
IS! Cflri-m Stntl
Aad   have  It  re)uven«t<*.l «ti_
Ufa.   Old  Hats Cleaned. Pxetml 1
Made aa Ooorl as    "**«"   *-.•
workmen and at moderate cost
Elijah Leard.
TUB   M-DEflN   HAT   11EST0H
LEE & MORGAN
Sanitary Bxparta.   Plinnb-i ln
lt« ».ran<-h«**i        BstlmaMS tsnaht
Uop-lrn, stove connections, etc
ClIAUUKS REASONABU
Ml WEITIIIilTM tit., C*«f---**|
BRIDSON S BAKER)
Piw.ll Unit, C«i»f Cwt
TRY OUR  BREAD,  < AKK3,
ETCl
MMintmt,  tAflt <■•■"<• ■''','', "
truth
JOHN COOPER
and ft
Ta-liUirmist
Ul Pssssr II. 0»» rtm{tt ]
VANCOIVKK, II '
►♦♦♦«
WAGELABOR
AND CAPITA!
IlV KAKL WAR**-*
cants;
ooplei,
copl**
rtlligl.
copter),  2"i cents;  I'' '''■■     ,--
40
nml
oanta!
oooles
oopy. .,, poitK-
Tham rates indu    ■    ,„,
to nny pari  nt <'•»"'"
Unit**,! Kingdom.
; "The Westero
! ♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦+1
Clarion

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