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The Western Clarion Dec 8, 1906

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lied in the Interests of tlie Working Class A
Vancouver, British Columbia, Saturday, December 8, 1
Mortimer Shows his Critic That With Several Part-
in Great Britain Claiming to Represent Labor There
Strictly Speaking no British Labor Party.
Iditor 01 thc Western Clarion: j taxes of an alliance betwen trade un-
ir issue of Nov. \7, Mr. John ;ions and the Socialists. Mr. Alexan-
r [a|ig foul ul me tor certain jder may not know it, but that is just
11,0 remarks" he says 1 made I what the S. L. P. has been tying to
British Labor Psrty" in a jdo for years and is thc rock on which
inn to thc Winnipeg Voice [it split. Gcttini* mixed up in wage-
"-"-''       -*-*•..■ marki-t squabbles robbed the Social-
Hopeful Discontent
nted m your columns of Oct.
Alexander does net attack
purport of my l-rter, which
bstance that the attempt to
mother labor party in Can-
i there was a good and effi-
already in existence in the
I'arty    of    Canada, would
ndcsirable complications and
Hrrtish example" so much
the Vcice editor and others,
tilling we should avoid as ii
resulted in splitting up the
in various  factions fighting
er more or less all the time.
his letter is a vehement rc-
ui much that I did not say.
exact, there is no political
a proper sense as a British
rty.    That which passes un-
natne is the working agrec-
ived at by a portion of thc
labor  representatives  in  thc
parliament and in that por-
e are men who   belong    to
wrties.    It may suit Mr. Al-
purposc to classify    these
tat ivc* as Liberal-Labor and
1 thereby imply that this is J
division,    but  it  will    not
th the facts.     1 may be as
it    a*.  Mr.  Alexander says  I
yet I think I can prove "that
present in Brlain a half
panics all claiming to rcpre-
r '   There is the Social Dcm-
ederation,   the   Independent
atlv. the Fabian Society, the
1-l.abor    Party,   thc    Miners'
and  the Trades    Unions
r  Alexander mentions an-
Secialist-lndependent  Par-'
it, to date I had not heard
lhat makes seven  and leaves
the good.    All of thee arc
ri and "claim to represent latch  in their    different    way.
[still another organization, the
J. presentation Committee (of
had an abortive   imitation
lipeg after Puttee's election),
fas formed to unify those fac-
i.l failed in its purpose. Now,
<*  legislation that  is to the
the  British  l-ahor Group,  I
*.k .Mr. Alexander to keep in
it a measure which may bene-
tti m oi the working class may
»nie time militate against thc
id another section.    Of such
is thc Trades Disputes Bill
Aiun Law. ln the final analy-
Ic simply mean tne perpetuation
it between the workers for the
on of a few jobs that are in-
t to go around.    By this legis-
hc trade unionist is helped in
rts to prevent thc unemployed
[king a job when the former
|untari|y   quit.       When     thc
lionist has peacefully (?) prr-
[the other fellow to stand by
r.i while he hogs the job, this
nulcd as a victory for labor,
latter cf fact what one section
these fights is at the expense
t»th«r.    These measures are of
Ine  character    and   have   the
jiotivc as that which prompts
tu  charge  prohibitory initia-
and adopt "no apprentice"
"ns.     The man  who classes
labor   legislation   has   little
Iwn cf what "class interest and
ty'means. Ag to the "State's ..
ilnlty for the unemployed" | moments).
tins labor group established
lis the same now as ever h
jVVhen the unemployed get too
pis or too noisy they will be
fith according to the expedien-
rertatn well known   methods.
tthc-m -wholesale, deport them,
hem as vagrants. The feeding
{ty school children is on a par
flier charities and wiH be admin-
iii the same way.   If this is
rgislation, so is General Booth's
ft.    As to the visit of the Brit-
frt to Russia, there is a large
of the capitalist  class  who
arms to ston that so the labor
cannot  claim  sole  credit   for
any case and giving thc grcat-
issible appreciation to the;r
it is a barren record as com-
with the Socialists of B. C. If
lixander is so enamoured of
petty and questionable reforms
suggest a course by which more
and of better quality may bc
td.    li your labor party shows
poor grasp of the situation as
aand only palliatives, they will
tw and of poor quality. If,
er, they aim to overthrow capi-
lociety and show fair ability to
I'lish the task, reforms will
hick and fast much on the same
Ic as an individual pursued by
Is will throw his clothing tc save
'!*'. More and better reforms
-onic in B. C, through the ac-
1 of three revolutionists in that
►•"re, than the British represen-
If-vcn dreamed of accomplished they are as much in a minor-
d have the same obstacles to en-
<*r as those in Britain.
Alexander is very severe    on
revolutionary fancies of the
P. tvpe.    I am sure they dc-
*t, but what that has to do
[*»y letter I am   at a loss   to
He dilates    on the advan-
ist propaganda of any value it ever
had. In B. C. the trades unionists
are coming into thc Socialist Party,
as witness the W. F. of M. in the recent convention, on the common
ground of workingmen not locking
for legislation that will boost their
craft at the expense of their class and
that is the only kind of an alliance
that is cither "pqsiible or profitable."
In Britain, on the other hand, the alleged Socialists suppress their teaching of Socialist principles to effect an
alliance with the trade unions, as witness the great J. Ramsay Maedonald,
whip of this labor group (and thereby surely a representative sample),
who, before his visit, graciously announced to the workingmen of Canada that he did not intend to take away
their fiscal policy, an implication that
thc robbery of labor was somehow accomplished in connection with the tariff!
Mr. Alexander speaks of the voluminous propaganda carried on in
Britain. If what Mr. J. R. Maedonald delivered himself of while in Canada is any criterion (and it ought tc
bc, seeing the position he holds), one
might multiply it indefinitely and
then only have confusion worse confounded. Mr. Alexander speaks of
thc "great good" resultant from the
"capitalist dailies reporting the
speeches of the Hrit'sh Socialists and
labor men." Yes, we .ill noticed that
in connection with J. Ramsay's
speeches. The "great good" there
was to thc capitalist! The capitalist
press reported J. Ramsay very cordially, especially when he recommend
ed the labor men to break away from
the Socialist Party, The freedom of
speech in Britain is to be accounted
for on the same hypothesis. There
is little or nothing in the speeches the
ruling class are afraid of. As to my
charges of crimination and recrimination. -We has only to look up tlje
files of lustier, the Labor Leader and
the Srcialist, each the organ of a
separate rtartv. to sec how harmoniously the British labor movement
flows and how much we ought to
pray for such unitv.
Mr. Alexander informs me that the
trades unionists in Britain arc in favor of the nationalization cf public
utilities. In return for this information. I will tell him of some other individuals who arc likewise in favor of
this and who, unlike the British
trade unionists, arc potent enough tc
carry their ideas into practical effect—the Czar of Russia, Bismarck of
German" and the ruling class of Japan.     Shall   the   Socialists   therefore
Washington Post: Only in a few
trying times of great industrial depression, when millions of working
people were deprived cf opportunities
to earn a living and the all-pervading
poverty bore a striking resemblance
to famine, has there been so much
discontent ss is seen and heard and
felt in these times of amazing prosperity, when employment st high wages awaits every one who is willing
to work.
The Post is not the only one that
has marvelled at this phenomenon. It
is one of the most significant signs
of the times, and in spite of the fact
that many individuals and newspapers of well known affiliations make
a mock of it, and upbraid the discontented because of their discontent, let
it be said that it is unquestionably
the most promising and most encouraging factor in this country today.
The kind of discontent that prevails now is not the kind that prevails
when "times are tiara," work scarce
and wages low. It is a higher and
nobler discontent than that which accompanies hunger.
Though times are amazingly prosperous, though work is plenty and
wages arc comparatively high, there
is discontent because millions must
still pinch that thousands may squander. There is discontent because
in a country where there is ample for
everybody, the few get the antpleness
and the many get as little as the masters of money dare to scrimp them
High wages are good, but they involve high prices, and as labor is the
only commodity in the world that
people expect tc get at cost—which is
the cost of keeping it alive—and as
labor has to pay handsome profits on
everything it buys, the margin between wages and the bare cost of
living keeps relatively about thc same.
Indeed, since controlled price of commodities rise much more quickly than
thc price of labor, very often the
struggle may bc harder in good times
than in hard times.
There is discontent, too, that such
a small per cent, of the people should
hold such a large per cent, of the nation's wealth, when the people make
that wealth through their industry in
its production and distribution.       „
There is discontent because there arc
men that have hundreds of millions
when there arc millions of people that
have nothing.
There Ls discontent because economic tendency today is to increase
this disparity, when something should
have been done long ago to decrease
These discontents are inevitable results of the prodigious growth of private fortunes, accompanied by a stationary condition of the common lot
when it does not grow worse.    The
people have the power to change
these conditions, and if thev get discontented enough over them they
will change them.
That is why discontent is encouraging. It is promising because it is
merely a symptom of a new evolution that the irresistible law of progress is about to bring about.—Duluth Herald.
Same Over Here.
■"WeT" 91.00
The Conditions of living Under He Rule of Capital Necessitates a; Reversal of the old Adage- Some Observation**
on Crime, its Genesis, its Carnivals and its Exodus.
Bemidji Enterprise: Labor is about
thc onlv commodity that people expect to buy at cost; that is, the cost
of keeping the laborer alive,—Duluth
For once the Herald struck the keynote of modern as well as ancient
economics. Labor has always been
sold at cost, even when it should
have brought loo per cent, above
par. "The cost of keeping the laborer" is all that is allowed as recompense. The margin of profit upon labor has made millionaires of one class
and paupers of another. Any common school boy has enough common
sense: to see through this problem of
elementary economics; yet we are
persuaded by politicians into the belief that "everything is all right!"
The Enterprise will have to be shown
more results in the future than in the
past—else it will forget to be good to
the rank and file cf inconsistent, onesided political fanaticism. We are
out for the floating ballot of independent Americanism, regardless of
the consequences.
Civilising South Africa.
The Herero were a peaceful people,
raising cattle and renowned for their
simplicity and probity. German occupation brought commercial schemers
of unparalleled rascality into the country with some good settlers sprinkled
in. Government protected the expropriating, cheating rascals against the
black. Christians and well as heathens.
Thc final result was an uprising which
cost the lives of 50 settlers. German
Soldiers with machine guns arrived on
the scene to accomplish the task of
expropriation against the 60,000 Here-
ros, driving them from the Waterberg
into" the Omaheke desert where in
iron exclusion from all water the nation of the Herero has died from
thirst. At least 40,000 human beings,
men, women, children and all the cattle nave ncrished upon the altar of
capitalism. Thus "Civilization" is
inarching on with its three capital
B's: "Bible, Brandy, Bullets." —
"V-fbote,'1 Chicago.
The motto of the Communards of
France of 1871 was: "Live working
or die fighting."
And get busy I! I
The following remarks are suggested hy, rather than pretend to be
a report of Com. E. T. Kingsley's
lecture in the Grand Theatre last
Sunday night.
The subject, "A Carnival of Crime,"
was ably and forcibly dealt with
throughout, and lhe connection between en me, as visible on the face
of Society, and its root in our social
system of industry was traced with
a particularity and clearness most
The central conception sought to
he established by the Socialist in this
connection, is that crime and practically all abnormal conduct exemplified in Society by its members is the
result of social injustice rather than
individual   or   innate   depravity,   and
tire working class.
The ruling and owning class* has
every material, and some false social, incentives to orolong the robbery
and subjugation of the working class.
The fact that themselves are de-.
humanized in the process does not,
for various reasons, count with them.
The hope that they, as a class, will
ever take a step.radical enough to
purify Society, fr a hopeless one.
They are what they are, socially
great, economically strong and politically powerful by reason of the fact
thst the vitsl source of their supremacy, the working-class are the reverse of all thisrn that they are socially uninfluential, poor and dependent, and politically harmless so long
as  they  lick  their  chains and  look
****       m*.nt.J        IIVR        -•■-fc.-.l VIlM'il?       ail
that in a rational society, based upon   »bgv* themselves  for friends
a just distribution of material things,   .  B«* * working class courageous and
ally themselves with these gentlemen?
Bismarck  "nationalized"  quite a few
utilities before hc died, but he did not
abolish thc wagc-stystem when paying
thc workers who operated them. The
exchange   of   capitalist     property   in
railroads, mines, etc.. fcr government
bonds does not necessarily lessen the
amount of profit squeezed out oi the
workers who operate them.     It  often increases  it.     lt  further relieves
thc individual capitalist from all    responsibility for the condition    of his
victims  (net  that this weight of responsibility ever kept him from sleeping  well  even  in  his  most  sensitive
Moreover, thc  forces of
repression  which  is  government   are
more readily invoked, as witness the
jailing of the labor leaders in a government strike in Australia not many
moons  ago.     Further, the  argunient
that these industries must be "nationalized" under    capitalist    administration before we can break thc wage-
system   on   them,   is  nonsense.       A
little reflection will convince anyone
that it is no easier job to expropriate
say.  for instance, thc C.  P.  R., run
as a government institution, and stall
off the parasitic bond-holders than it
would be to successfully handle the
bunch cf "widows and orphans" who
at present own it.     But Mr. Alexander may argue that "nationalization"
would work out differently in a country where the ballot was in thc hands
of all the people than it has done in
the countries I have mentioned. Suppose,  for thc sake of argument, wc
grant that, then Mr. Alexander, to be
logical, should insist that the American Socialists  fuse with    the  Bryan
Democracy or the radical wing of the
Republican Party, either of which arc
more pronounced in favor of "nationalization" than arc British trade unionists.     We  can  imagine  how  Socialist propaganda would fa're in the
event of such a combination.    As Mr.
Alexander says, "wc want    unbiased
reasonin- based on knowledge of the
facts,"   but   probably   he   will   never
suspect that there is an individual   in
Hamilton, Ontario, as much in need
of it as any of us.    If we have the
ability    to    reason    correctly, pretty
widespread throughout    Canada   we
shall be content with one    Socialist
Party able to stand on its own |egs
without leaning on reactionary unions
or weakening its program   to gain
their support.     Moreover, we    shall
avoid the "British example" as  one
would a plague.
Bemfkent Institution that Pis the gap Between the Producer and the Consumer by Relieving Them Both of
the Crushing Burden of Accumulated Wealth.
A great deal of fuss is being stirred
up lately because of the inquiry of a
commission into the reflations of the
Grain Exchange to the elevator companies and of the latter to the farmers cr wheat producers, lt has been
sought to prove that the Grain Exchange,   being  an   organization   consisting of all or nearly all the   controlling factors in the different elevator  companies,  to  thc  exclusion   of
anybody else, was a combination   in
restraint of trade and existed contrary
to the statute law of Canada.    However, the  Grain  Exchange was able
to make out a good case that they
were not  a  monopoly, although the
buying price of wheat given out from
the central quarters was adhered   to
by the agents of the various elevator
companies      throughout    the    whole
wheat district; in fact its nature was
claimed bv some to be almost philanthropic in that it was a benificent institution   that   "lilleu  the    gap"  between producer and consumer.    The
famers need not sell to the elevator
companies as they can demand cars
in which to shio their wheat which
will then command the prices paid at
Fort  William and Pert Arthur, less the
freight.    But beyond this noint they
must inevitably loose control of their
wheat, unless thev happen to own a
fleet of steamers and other facilities to
carry it to the    eastern    markets —
which none known to the writer do.
However, the farmers are more
inclined to kick about being robbed
by thc particular practices in the
actual dealing in or sale of wheat
than because of the real and fundamental weakness of the farmers' position—that of the possessor of private cr individual property which is
tributary to and overshadowed by
those mighty capitalist properties,
the railways, elevators and grain-
carrying facilities which stand between the farmer and his market and
who because of this are in a position to take the cream of the results of the farmers' industry and
Often a famer wiH hear that the
price of wheat is up and will bring
in a hundred bushel or so to the
elevators, orily to find that the price
has suddenly dropped. Sometimes
the agent will buy and store it on
his own account until the price of
wheat goes up, when he will transfer
it at an advance to the company for
whom he acts.      Then the   farmer
sets up a howl that he has been robbed of the difference. This is on a
par with the contention cf the wage
laborer that he is being robbed because he doesn't get more wages.
Although  many  farmers   kick    at
things  which arc  palpably  nobody's
fault  but their    own,    yet  a    great
many formers are beginning to    get
a grasp of the intent   and    meaning
of capitalist property and the    program and object    of    the    Socialist
movement which aims at  its    overthrow.      It     takes     no     abnormal
amount of mental  acumen  to grasp
the fact that the '"fat man" entrenched
behind the ownership of railways, elevators, steamship and shipping facilities is in a fundamentally    stronger
strategic position than the lean farmer who is ''entrenched" behind the
ownership of a plow, a plot of land
and  some grain which is from 2,000
to 5,000 miles away from its market,
and the farmers as a class   are far
quicker to appreciate the importance
of the Socialist movement  than the
wage-earner pure and simple, and it
is safe to assert that when the wage-
workers are prepared tc assert their
political and economic program they
will meet with little or no opposition
from the farmer.—Proletary, in Winnipeg Voice.
o-   .
The immediate producer, the laborer, could only dispose of his own person after he had ceased to be attached to the soil and ceased to be the
slave, serf or bondman of another.
To become a free seller of labor-
power, who carries his commodity
wherever he finds a market, he must
further have escaped from the regime
of the guilds, their rules for apprentices and journeymen, and the impediments cf their labor regulations.
Hence the historical movement
which changes the producers into
wage-workers, appears, on the one
hand, as their emancipation from serfdom and from the fetters of . the
guilds, and this side alone'exists for
our bourgeois historians. But, on the
other hand, these new freedmen became sellers of themselves only after
they had ben robbed of all their own
means of production, and of all the
guarantees of existence afforded by
the old feudal arrangements. And the
history of this, their expropriation, is
written in the annals of mankind in
' letters of blood and fire.—Marx.
"all the normal acts cf sane persons
would be moral, according to the
standard of morality prevailing."
This view imposes upon the Socialist an appraisement of so-called
crime, which differs essentially from
the conventional and current. Criminals, for the most part, are the rebels against social injustice, and also
its victims. The test applied to any
questioned act or proposal is: Is it
social or anti-social in its effects, or
anticipated operation? Does it, or
does it not conserve the best interests
of the individual and Society?
The current code of morality, devised, interpreted and enforced (to
the breaking point) by the ruling
class, is simply a reflection of their
individualistic conception of Society,
and used by them to defend their individual and anti-social interests: it
has no more relaticn to abstract social justice or ethics, than the shop
practice of an ancient workman had
to the science of mechanics or dynamics. Morality, like Easter, is a
moveable feast, and varies from age
to age, governed in the main, by industrial and social development.
♦The Genesis or tap-root cf crime
today is clearly traced to the rob-
berv of the working class by a small
and .useless class who perform no
necessary social function: to the sanction given bv morality, as expressed
in law, theology (in part) and by social convention to the upholding of
this rohberv, and is finally expressed
in criminal terms by those, driven
by want and irrepressible exasperation no a natural rebellion.
The Carnivals of Crime, such as
those recently exhibited in Pittsburg,
New York and Chicago are perfectly
consistent with tbe social system
that produces them. Co-extensively
with capitalist production, crime is
endemic but it is also epidemic, and
a little extra fuel under the social
pot in the shape of privation _ and
■temptation will produce a thicker
froth and scum on the surface. _ The
machinery of Society is as rigidly
set to produce criminals as horseshoes and shingles. The proverb
"Honesty jj| the best policy" is today
a living he, and applied to society,
mav be exactly reversed. "Policy is
the best Honestv."—the best we can
Let us, however, be thankful, not
for crime in itself, nor its effects' on
the individual but for the lesson that
in the end, must be learned by Society through the rebellion of the
criminal class, so called. Repression
and vindictive penalties are a ghastly
failure and these are the best the
ruling classes can devise. Like the
evil itself, they are in strict keeping
with the common cause of both.
The moral obtuscness of Society
and the fact that it glories in its
own shame, like a leper proud of his
sores, is amol*' nroved by its pride,
commonly displayed, in its repressive
institutions. A splendid police
force, from an avoirdupois aspect and
a jail, handsome in architecture, and
above all commodious: these excite a
civic pride almost equal with that of
schools and lecture halls. That they
indicate social degeneracy never occurs, and least of all, that Society itself, through its very organization, is
ever busy with a brutal right hand,
making criminals and with a feeble
left, cuffing them into a sullen and
hooeless resentment against itself.
The very instincts of the criminal
classes themselves, as often expressed,
should, in some measure noint the
remedy. They feel Society has
wronged them and so make war upon
it. In a lar— majority of cases this
instinct points directly to the truth.
What then shall the harvest of Society be? Shall there be an exodus,
or going out of crime and social
rebellion? or, with the tendency
strongly set, as it is today, in the direction of social anarchv. shall civilization, with its vast achievements and
Dossi-Mities for human good, be
swamped and choked till it becomes
corrupt, degenerate and inhuman in a
decree corresponding with its splendid and inspiring possibilities in the
opposite direction?
No! The working-class to the rescue.
Whatsoever of civic virtue, whatsoever of right perception of Society
and human relationships remain today, for thc most nart, resides in the
consciousness of the intelligent section and to a lesser degree in the en-
intelligent; a working class aroused
and resolved, with blood in its eye,
not lustin" for any human victim, but
eager, strong and by rational methods
to take bv the throat and strangle
for ever an industrial system, with
its superstructure of commerce and
finance, that exudes crime and degeneracy from every point and pore. A
system that by turning the fairest
things of earth into soiled and sordid
merchandize, supplies a real or possible antagonism between every two
human beings. A system, that robs
life cf that sweet content and satisfaction so hungered for of the human
heart, and plants in its place a hectic,
feverish, unrest never equalled perhaps in human history. A system
that makes of the only useful section
of humanity a commodity who must
sell himself piecemeal, by the hour,
day or week, or failing a buyer, suffer
the pangs of privation or, as commen
enough, starvation to the point of
extinction. A system that makes
of the productive power of Society
a dividend mill, and throws in the
producer with his wife and family for
Such is the task for which the
wcrking dass must equip itself, and
will equip itself. Some of us may
fail ana fall by tke way, but better
and stronger men will fill the breach
and stand in our places. Millions
todav of the world's most intelligent
and steadfast workers are consciously
enrolled and pledged to the task.
Deep in the consciousness of every
human mind is the desire to live a
fraternal and fully expressive life.
To find a field for the exercise of
every legitimate and integral function
and desire. Humankind has set the
mark and will reach it. The working
class is the only agent in Society effective for the task and its destiny is
to accomplish it.
Since the time when any degree
of social stability and virtue obtained
in the oast a great change has taken
place, however, a change that precludes the possibility of restoring the
social bond on the old basis cf hand
production and local interchange of
products. Production has become a
social function and the tools and
plants too gigantic fcr individual
ownership and operation. To all that
is best and most human in the past
we have to add the new factor of cooperation, the social ownership and
operation of these processes necessary
for the maintenance of an ample and
satisfying social life. This factor,
however, does not end with the material side of things., It lifts man to
a new and higher plane in his evolution.
The development of the social side
by a closer co-ordination and solidarity would not only increase his ef-
ficienc** for sustaining physical life,
but would expend in him every faculty that raises him above the level
of animal only. Limitations may be
set, with tolerable accuracy, to all
mankind needs for material welfare,
but to what can be achieved bv a
Spiritual co-operation cf Society no
limit can be set.
The ideals of the working class
range around the conception of equality. They have never been poisoned
by the element of privilege, hence
their fitness, in part, for the mission
which social evolution shapes for
them. Theirs, to lead out to eternal
oblivion the carnival and institution
of crime; to lead in the carnival of
Joy and Satisfaction in human life.
As an evidence of Canada's prosperity it is pointed out that the deposits in the banks of the Dominion
in 1806 amounted to $607,000,000.
This should be a matter of much satisfaction tc the Canadian working
mule, the vast majority of whom were
never inside a bank, let alone having
any money deposited in one.
The United States National Executive Committee of the S. P. seems to
be so busy taking referendum votes
that little time is left for devotion to
anything else. To d much democracy and not enough revolutionary
Wanted to Exchange—My chance
to be president, for any old thing that
can be cashed at the bank. Address
"American Boy."—Dixie Worker.
-1 £ ■
1 11
* 1
■ euito-i.   viiidotjvit, wra* comiou.
Hi. Western (kid
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the working class alone
at the Office of tiie Western Clarion,
Flack Block basement, 165 Hastings
Street, Vancouver B. C
Strictly in Advance.
Yearly subscription cards in   lots
of five or more, 75 cents each.
Bundles of 5 or more copies, for a
period of not less than three months,
at the rate of one cent per copy per
Advertising rates on application.
If yon receive thia paper, it ia paid
Address   all   communications and
make all money orders payable to
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch thia label on your paper. If thn number is on it,
yoor subscription expiree tbe
Saturday, December 8,1906.
Over a century ago English workingmen who saw their employment
jeopardised by the advent of machinery into the weaving trade, attempted
to ward off the danger by destroying
the machines. Their action, of course,
proved futile. The machine, being
strictly in line with progress, inasmuch as its introduction tended to reduce the amount of manual labor necessary to produce a given quantity
of wealth, came to stay; and the ridic-
| ulous efforts of the Luddites to pre
vent K went for naught.
The world is supposed to be wiser
now, and presumably it would be difficult to longer find an individual so
stupid as to believe that any good
could come from the application of
any such methods at the present time.
Machinery has long since become part
and parcel of everyday industrial life.
Through its application the productive
power of labor has been multiplied
many times, thus making it possible
for human society to provide itself
with a far greater volume of wealth
than prior to its advent.
The modem machinery of production only upon a gigantic scale involving the amassing of huge masses
of capital and the drilling and organizing of an army of workmen. As
the machine becomes more highly perfected and powerful it goes without
saying that the position of the workers become unbearable and insecure.
At the same time the corresponding
increase in the volume of capital necessary to conduct its operation results in the crushing out of a horde of
small capitalists whose previous command of economic power is transferred to the big fellows and themselves
pushed down into the ranks of those
who have to depend upon their labor
for a living. Of course these little
fellows squeal like stuck pigs, when
they get pinched by the big combines.
The fuss they make is even worse
than that made by the English workmen when the machine first came
along. Recent events show them to
be possessed of no more intelligence
than were those stupid workers of a
century ago.
Three uundred masked men rode into the town of Princeton, Ky., a few
days since and put the torch to two
factories belonging to the Imperial
Tobacco Company. It is surmised
the job was done at the instigation of
the "Dark Tobacco-raisers Protective
Association," which is composed of
farmers engaged in tobacco culture.
This is evidently their method of
fighting the "Trust." It is quite as
logical, and will prove equally as successful, as the attempt of the old-
time workmen to fight off the encroachments of the machine by
smashing it.
It needs no very wise person to
correctly guess as to the makcun of the
"Tobacco-raisers Association." They
are no doubt as conscienceless and
merciless labor-skinners as there are
in the entire jack-pot of sharks of
■this breed. Their efforts to cripple
the "Tobacco Trust" have not been
made for the purpose of benefitting
their wage-slaves, but for that of retaining the plunder for themselves instead of being forced to hand it ever
to the big combine.
Those who believe in thc present
system of property and give it their
support ought not only to accept its
logical results, but do so gracefully.
These logical results are the eventual
concentration of the control of all
economic power in the hands of an
extremely 'limited number of gigantic
orpcratioBs and tbe r*dw'*£ *?4 hi! T*h**e tn the market hss been coined
who are ©a-siS* a! these c--t*^v**rat*aas
to the cmi&raa of deewndeati vasaal*
In fact, these res-Its have ab-eady
been practically reacbe-. A"f" oi ihat
childish erf-rts to de*«*n>v tie power
of the big ».-Kj*m*t*i*-res will fail It j>
meet and proper tha? they should
is:!, for thev sre essentially reactionary and, therefore, contrary to tbe
hot intercuts of human kind.
Though the world has been gaining
wisdom during the past century, in
the light of thii silly attempt upon
the part of Kentucky ignorance, it
would appear that the stock on hand
is sir!! somewhat limited.
It must be fairly admitted that the
volume of business transacted in the
Dominion of Canada during the past
year has been very large. This is
of course, all the indication of prosperity that is necessary to establish
thc fact of its existence beyond the
peradventure of a doubt. Judging
from the pudgy and greasy look upon
the countenance of numerous bourgeois specimens hereabouts it would
seem that the season's business has
not been altogether without fat-provoking and unctuous results.
The business In iron, steel, coal,
wheat and manufactured articles has
been immense. In lumber, fish, silver-lead ores and products it has been
enormous. All of this has been blown
about in the papers in most grandiloquent style. Also numerous mention has been made of "our" bank
clearances, which, in fact, have been
phenomenal. All of this is very well
in its way, but there is one line of
buiness, the volume of which has
enormously increased during recent
years, of which little mention has
been made. That is the slave trade.
True it is that this is chiefly import
trade. That is probably the reason
whv so little is said about it. It is
generally supposed that a country is
increasing its wealth only when it
is exporting goods. The greater the
volumn of imports the greater the
poverty. No self-respecting person
or nation would brag about their poverty, nor would it be considered
good form to proclaim from the
housetops any of its indications. That
is probably why so little jubilation
over "our" enormous and steadily increasing importation of slaves.
During the past 3 years the Salvation Army—importers and dealers
in slaves—has brought to Canadian
shores over 20,000. It has placed
them tco. This heavy tonnage of
business was gathered up in Great
Britain bv 15,000 procurers; at least
that is the number reported to be on
the staff of this huge merchandising
concern.  -
Several fine large cargoes of dark-
skinned goods from the Orient have
been successfully landed at Vancouver. These goods have not, as yet,
all been placed, but as there is known
to be a most crying need for "servants" it is expected they will be disposed of before they spoil.
Now comes the Woman's Guild of
Canada, a Montreal importing concern with a vear's record of 500 "domestics." That is they were "domestic" goods before they were shipped
from the other side. Now they are
the imparted article. This enterprising firm cf slave dealers has two
agents each in Ireland, Scotland, and
England, looking up and selecting desirable stock for shipment. They
also carefully enquire into the pedigree of each head selected. Although
this concern placed its entire year's
importation, it still reports the demand greater than the supply. This
would indicate that the opportunity
is there for a greatly increased volume of business next season.
•And what is all this but slave traffic, no matter whether carried on in
the name of Christ or just plain business.     That  working  people, both
male and female, can be, and are being, gathered up just like horses cattle or pigs and shipped to the four
corners of the earth to supply the demand for "servants," is ample proof
of the moral and ethical excellence
of our boasted Christian civilization.
What is a servant but a slave? Does
not thc law specify "roaster and servant?"    Master of   what   if not    a
slave?   Servant to ,what, if not to a
master?   Is the sting less bitter be-.
cause the word servant is used?   Is
not the essence of the thing the same
under either term?     Out upon this
nonsense  about  the  freedom  of labor.    It is "tommy-rot" of the worst
sort.     Labor is no more free now
than  when   Rome  ruled  the  world.
The laborers are, if peculiarly fortunate, allowed some    few    privileges
more than were allowed the Roman
slave, or the Southern negro before
the war.   As for their freedom it has
yet to be attained.
As to traffic, there is but one kind,
and that is the slave traffic, the traffic
in human flesh. AH commodities are
the products of labor. Their exchange
v-4 __*»an flesh and blood, bene and
muscle The buying and selling of
the world'* commodities is but traf-
6c in the flesh and blood of slaves.
It is not as clean, as moral, as ethical
«** as deceut, as was the old-time traf
fie, when the slave was put upon the
block and knocked down to the highest bidder, for that slave traffic did
aot wear th* garb of hypocrisy. lis
slave dealers did not deny the slavery
of their victims. They never tried
to convince their slaves of their freedom.
But the slave traffic is sacred. It
must not be disturbed lest our glorious civilization collapse. Bring on
your shipments of "servants." The
demand is Teat.
"The supreme court of the United
States has refused the application for
habeas corpus in the case ef Haywood,
and Pettibone, thc two labor leaders,
accused of complicity in the murder
of the governor of the state of Idaho."
The above from the press dispatches of December 3, should remove from
the noddle of the working c-aas the
last remnant of superstition about
their constitutional rights. The mask
has new been stripped from this hoary
old subterftis- and its true worth may
be seen by all men.
Upon   the   mere   presumption of
crime based upon thc reckless asser
tion of some irresponsible degenerate
a working man may be dragged from
his bed and disposed of to the satisfaction   of  some   capitalist    interest
against which he mav have offended.
without any violence being done to
his "constitutional rights."    He may
be denied a trial for such length   of
time as may suit those at whose instigation he has been seized, without
infringing upon any "rights" hc pos
senses, or even knocking a sliver frcm
thc moral and ethical code    of this
most glorious civilisation.
The Socialist has dinned into the
ears of the workingman    thc living
truth that no man or dass haa   any
rights whatsoever if he or they have
not the power to defend at any moment and aga'nst whatever odds. But
his counsel has too cften fallen upon deaf ears.     In whatever manner
the Socialist may fail in his teachings,
the ignorant and brutal ruling class
may always be relied upon to come to
his assistance with   uncontrovertible
evidence to back u- his    assertions.
The treatment accorded Moyer, Hay
wood and Pettibone at the hands of
the brutal officials  of Colorado and
Idaho, and now by the supreme court
of the United States,    gives    ample
proof that the question of rights Is, in
the last analysis, purely a question of
power, and constitutional rights and
guarantees     mere   "Mother   Goose"
melodies  intended  to lull    ignorant
asses and weak-minded nincompoops
to sleep.    Although they would not
accept this version of it from the Socialists a few more lessens from this
august (?) supreme court will doubtless enable   some    of the    aforesaid
asses and nincompoops to grasp it.
In setting the seal of its approval
upon the kidnapping of these men and
their incarceration for now almost a
year in jail, the supreme court has
demonstrated beyond the shadow of
a doubt that it is just as honorable
and  august a body    as the dirtiest,
slimiest, and most contemptible police court on top of earth.    And not
a whit more so either.    In stripping
the mask from its own ponderous and
vulgarly humbug character, it is likewise reducing to nakedness the disgusting hypocrisy, sham and pretense
of   the   entire   "constitutional" farce
and swindle.    Standing naked before
him, the workingman may be able to
discover hig constitutional rights to be
but the figment of his own disordered fancy, and his alleged constitutional guarantees falsehoods of the coarsest texture.
Nc living thing possesses rights unless it likewise possesses the power to
protect, defend    and    enforce    such
rights.    That the working class pos
sesses rights under the rule of capital is a lie.    The workers possess, at
present, a few orivileges by grace of
the ruling class, but even these may be
take away at the discretion of' rulers.
The constitution of no country    on
earth is worth the paper upon which
it is written.    Whoever, or whatever
class, may be in power will override      ,n *P--e °* }oe -■■«*•■- boasted pros-
its provisions whenever the protection  $i^&*'^i^
oi material interests demand that it   _er of labor disputes for the moi
Th<* same holds good in regard to the
working class. The workers possess
no rights, not even the right to life itself, unless they at the same time possess the power to make good. The
conduct of th* officials cf two staUs
against the officers of the W.-I
as (proclaimed it to the world. The
action of the Supreme Court has affirmed it. It is now up to the worker, to how m meek submission to the
mandate or make up their minds at
once that they have got to fight. That
fight must be "war to the knife, the
knife to the hilt," and no quarter. Let
the workers remember that the denial of the supposed constitutional
rights possessed by Moyer, Haywood
and Pettibone has not been aimed directly at these men. Tt i« a notification to the workers as a class what
sort of medicine they may expect to
be dealt out to them in the future.
It is an absolute denial of the assumption that workers have any rights
•ha| a thieving ruling class is bound
to respecf,
Now you workinemen of the United
States that thc gauntlet has been
thrown down to you, what are you going to do about it? There is but
one of two things you can do. Either
accept the challenge, fling your defiance into the face of the contemptible thieves that rule over you, Supreme Court and all, and give notice
to them that you purpose to break
their power to longer rule and rob
you, even if it becomes necessary to
crack every one of their dirty necks-.
or bow your slavish necxs to the yoke
and forever after hold your tongue
In other words, bc men or slaves.
"Constitutional Rights?" Bah!
The labor famine in British Coluro
bia is to be broken. The prayer for
cheap servants that has ascended IQ
high heaven from the throats of the
small fry labor skinning fraternity
as not been in vain. Commissioner
Coombs, head of the Salvation Army
In Canada, is now upon the ground
for the purpose of looking the situation over preliminary to the shipping
in of the much needed supplies. As
the Salvation Army is one of the
heaviest Importers cf, and dealers In
"domestic servants, farm hands, and
classes of labor most urgently need
ed." it is confidently expected to cope
with the situation handsomely. During the past three years the company
has supplied 30,000 head of this sort
of stock <<■ the famine-stricken districts of the Maritime Provinces, Ontario and the Northwest Territories.
Local interests are 10 highly delighted
at the prospect of relief that the Canadian Cockroach Club actually tendered thc Commissioner a luncheon on
Thur.ida- last, which he gracefully
swallowed in thc name of Jesus, who
is supposed to be a silent partner in
his firm.
In a letter from Uncle Sam to John
Bull, published in the last issue cf The
Public, Uncle says: "I called on my
Supreme Court; eight fine lookin'
grandfathers srttin' in a row, intent on
upholdin' the rights of property. The
rights of man are more in the realm
of poetry—in Bobby Burn's "sphere
of influence," I guess. A bald-headed
lawyer was tdlin' the court how
things were, and the old boys were
bctherin' him, askin' him flip questions, and tyin' thc grass in front
of him to trip up his heels. You
can't cure a boy of mischief—not by
age." This sort of levity in regard
to an ancient and honorable old humbug like the Supreme Court or any
other sort of a court, for that matter,
should be frowned down. It tends
to undermine the reverential awe
among silly folk upon which the stability and efficiency of these frauds
In Germany three friends recently
stood over the "rave cf one of their
brothers. One cried out. "Thou hast
fought, we continue fighting." Another, "Adieu! dear brother! Thou art
gone to a place where thou hast liberty; down there is peace!" The
third said. "Thou hast fought." Each
were fined fcr delivering speeches
without leave, 15 marks or three
days. One sentence was declared
by the judge to be a speech. In
view of this it is a lucky thing for
the Socislist "Soieler" that such s
law does not prevail in British Columbia. He would get a life sentence
for the shortest "spiel" of which he
is capable.
ists may eventually eontrol the press.
As the capitalist press is chiefly engaged in publishing to the world the
rottenness of Capitalism—though perhaps inadvertently—it is to be hoped
the Socialists wrll not interfere with
its divine mission. a
A Socialist demonstration wa« recently held in Amsterdam, Holland,
whieh, for size and enthusiasm exceeded any noliticsl meeting ever held
in that countrv. Over 1,100 delegates, representing 70c unions with a
combined membership of more than
60,000 were present. In spite of a
heavy rain, thousand* of workers
participated in a great parade.
Hearst has certified to the Secretary
of New York state that his campaign
for Governor cost him 1.96,370. It
does beat alt what sacrifices some
people wrll make for the good of their
.1.1 o
Thc value of labor power is determined, as in the case of every other
commodity, bv the labor-time necessary for the production, and conte-
quentlv also, the reproduction of this
especlsl article. So far as it has value, it represents no more than a definite quantity of the average labor
of society incorporated in it- Labor-power exists onlv as s capacity,
or power of the living individual. Its
production, consequently, pre-suppos-
es his existence. Given the individual, the production of labor power
consists in his reproduction of himself or his maintenance. For hi*,
maintenance he requires a given quantity of the means qf subsistence.
Therefore the labor-time requisite for
the production of labor-power reduces
itself to that necesssry for the production of those means of subsistence; in other words, the value cf
labor-power is the value of thc means
of subsistence necessary for the
maintenance of the laborer. Labor-
power, however, becomes a reality
by its exercise: it sets itself in action
only by working. But thereby a definite quantity of human muscle,
nerve, brain, etc., is wasted and these
require to be restored. This in
creased expenditure demands a larger
income. If the owner of labor-power
works today, tomorrow he must again
be able to repeat the same process
in the same conditions, as regard*
health and strength. His means of
subsistence must, therefore, be suft-
ftcient tc maintain him in his normal state as a laboring individual.
His natural wants, such as food,
clothing, fuel, and housing vary according to the climate and other physical conditions of his country. On
the other hand thc number and eaten! of his ftO-caMed necessary wants,
as also the modes • f satisfying them,
are themselves the product of historical development, and depend
therefore, to a great extent, on thc
degree of civilization of a country,
more particularly on the condition*
under which, and consequently ihi
the habits and degree of comfort In
which the class of free laborers hss
been formed In contradistinction,
therefore, to the case <>f other communities, ther* enters into the determination of the value of labrr-power
a historical and moral element Nevertheless, in a given country, at a given
period, the average quantity of the
means of subsistence necessary for
the laborer is practically known. —-
State   Headquarters.  Socialist   Psrty,
Tscoms, Wash., Dec 1st, 1906.
2.105 1 -a  Pacific Ave.
Financial Statement for November,
Tacoma $ joo
Useless Bay go
Wilkeson    0xw
SUnion  Direct,
mttee Thty _
«■*•'    Whi-,
JAP  I'vtry !,»*,,„ (•„,
vheil lo pl«, , c,„, ■**-*" "J tt, Mw.-
■ «ll_.     Km,. "™w Hut h_-^«
•^rri«r.,.;':..'^,u^'««. ^i
International  As,ou,n0B~r
snd Structural  Iron*.*
No. 07, meet, i„ ftfja
o p. m.     1(.  1   p,rl v  -
Secretary,  R()cin™k«j.8*
Street W. ;' (l6
Phoenia     Miners'   VpMm
W. F. M.   Meet,   tTy
evening st 7,10 o'clock is
haM*     John    Mclnnl,
Walter Morrison. Secret^
km*Every    !*rai   0* ^
Warty of Canada should m_7".
undsr thla  bead.   |i 00 p* ,
hmttwtarmt plena* note.
British Cutuiutuin l*ru*UtcW L__.
Committee. Hoc-iau** Ptnyttt
ada. Uettt every alterru*."
day. D G. McKenrie,
Boa 8jo, Vancouver, Jj. £"
iseamtet, I
Kir, _t!.,    (•„,
rarty at   Csrwuta.
every   alternate   TattaAy.
Morgan,   Becreurr.   iii
Sir eat, Vancouver, u, <*.
Yemeouter, s„. 1, s. p. ,*
Hit»lri<- « i!,,*uijp
Monday evenIn* nt httta
Ingleside Hlo<--. in ousy,
(room I, second floor)
tioiuU mi-ctli (ii every Homy
p.   IK.,   til      •*:•!.!.■■       Hll).
•ties I.    Fre.lrrl    Perry,
Be_ tat, Vancouver. & t
UM-1 TuroBti., s, V. ot i:—m
end and fourth I leeisyt, So
H*Mdquatt«*ni. i*:-, Quwe;
"West.   F. US.U-. .*;, c-r- Ury. III
Str»#t.   J•wt»fi HrALch m*t*»,
Sunday night. sam« ha!L
Winnipeg. S. P  of C, 1
every Sunday,   in  Tradei ll_,«l
-*JH> p m,    J  1    n      *'.rt_rj,j|j
Princes S:, \\ in»ipe«. M»s.
Local Nelson, S. P. o( C.-"*l«*i«*.]
ery Friday evening 11 * t»,tt
Miners' Union !h I, SeU 0 3 C|
A, W. Hatti'd, i 'r^'ani/er.
J. Edward Bird.    A  ■' Hn-sos-M]
nauiuK-ir.r.~ soi >< itom nc
Tel. 839. P.O. Ho», '-'St.
KM Hastings Ht. .    \ M-ou*w. ll|
Pacific Co  i.jo
Outlook  315
S«ttle  ^oo
&elm V  ***55
Histnark  j,I0
Pearson  100
Olalla     " j^o
Sk,  '*$
Puyallup  iJOO
WaHa Walla  ioo
Friday Harbor  1 <>;
Harrington  75
Sunnyside  3.90
Grand  Mound  j.**j
Snohomish  3 00
\}'\Qui*m ; ;.; ,_;„,
Ballard  . g,
Montesano  3.00
Spokane , |JO0
N. Yakima      • ,,
finley        ;j|
}-***'*    a...
y*P**    a_o  Total Cash on Hand.
Mrs, Heino	
W. IL Tibbet*  ...  .
A. Jonsi	
Total Receipts	
Disbursements —
To National Office
Printing and Supple
Mrs.  Lewis, fur hciii
Mrs.  Lewi*. St. car
Often Expenses.—
Miss Anderson
Rent of Typewriter
Sec'ry's Salary  ...
Total Expenditure*
Total Receipts ..
Less Expenditures
Delegate Expense Fund.
Total to credit .
In General Fund
Centralis .''.'.'   300
Granite Falls '   <-,_*,
Northport ; l0,05
&J°h»       15
Olympia    ISo
... um
Tota- |«7a.95
be done. Just as the ruling class of
the United States abrogates the constitution in dealing with its offending
slaves, so should the aroused slaves
abrogate it in dealing with their brutal masters, when the day cf their
triumph comes, as come it will.
That which a ruling class finds necessary to do at any given moment
becomes constitutional and lawful ir-
regardless of any previously concocted ponderous and soporific phrases on
parchment, provided that ruling class
Has the power to enforce its decree.
month of
October to be ia as against 11 for
the corresponding month in 1905. The
loss of time in working days during
October of the present year amounted
to 87,0-»o as against 0.750 for October,
1905. The loss of time in working
days because of industrial disputes
during September last was 96360.
Evidently the more prosperity the
more trouble.
The capitalist press of Germany
sre in serious alarm over the discovery that all of the printers, stereotypes, etc., are socialists. The fear
is expressed that unless something be
done to countersct this, the Socisl-
L. H. Gorham $100
Geo.  Dartin-          cp
To-<-l .TT«lo
Total from Dues $17445
Miss Hulda Anderson $10.00
A. Wagenknecht  100
Mrs. Ada Gatchel , 50
Geo. Darting  rn
Clarion TWELVE. *
WHey B. Brown  , ,0
C-*'! Enenkel  ^
A. Jonas  jo
Martin Gran  l>0o
Jas Lund.  t'i0Q
Henry Menzel  5'^
Respectfully i_bniii*-"'li ,.,.cC
Sec-Tress. Socialist I'art) ■" *%:,
I am sending a m'"'' <3;;; „,;
each one of these statements ""j
local Sect, in the State and 1*9
that each one of you nd 'X J3
out promptly and retun. ''''''I   ,,,,
A call for prganwa:n>n 1 '
from all parts of thc Mate, but 1
do very lifjle without l! *'
Do you desire the *
If  so,  this  office   mil*'  "■  • :■ u
sufficient funds to cuaMe »'-
in supplies, ,   iMf i-.*
!„   -HI'P'I**1
I  am told that  <>*' ".,„, lof j
has objected to makm« ';"'',' )1(tiJ
the reason that this I"     ,|"'ln. wu"
any of the  free  literal"'*' '■*»*
distributed by  this oiiice. aM
In reply to this 1 w--»h - ^.m
almost  all  thc   free   l'i-'i''lucCJ,ced
out to new territorv-iy ','Vi,J.raturft ■
t any
a new one got  anv free
and I had no suspicion
expected such 'literature ,
very few locals have f*Vc\™
such help.
■ lo"*11
t« fl;
•re cl*il|,v"'
Most of them ■'"{,&■
have this office distribute
side. Most locals; are !.,"'f:''*r,«|l
some means of getting thnt '■ ^
into   lhe  proper   I*""''^^0125$. ., -%
fHiiii-ii I iiiift}
^****p-   '
the disposal ot the Party. Secretaries
ur Locals are requested to take advantage ot them In, at Intervals, reporting conditions tn their respective
localities. Communications under this
head should be addressed to tbe Dominion or Provincial Secretaries, laical secretaries are further requested to
ii.uk to these columns for announcements from the Executive Committees.
Hy this meana the business of the
Party will be facilitated and the Dominion snd Provincial secretaries
relieved of a little ot the Increasing
burden of eorreepondenos.
Thew column, have been placed at      Mi„utes  (if ^ f  m
read and approved.
Correspondence read from Locals
Vancouver, Phoenix, Greenwood,
Peachland, Ladysmith, Fernie, Michel   Gabnola Island, Grand   Forks,
i ii ., •"• Yn,,r* and frorn eomrades
.u>"**'thorn---waitc, If. Halliday,
anil (,. II. Lake, and thc secretary
instructed thereon.
Charters "ranted to Ymir and
Orand Forks.
Warrants ordered drawn for the
following sums:
l*0*1*** •; $2.00
Ad space in Clarion     200
Printing Letterheads    400
Dom.  Fxcc. (Supplies)    15.00
Prov. Sec. Conven. Expenses.. 30.00
Vancouver  Local,  delegate expenses     30.00
Nanaimo  Local (two delegates 63.10
I"***! $146.10
Fernie   Local  Supplies    $240
Fernie Local Bal. of Convention
Ass'mt ,34-
Phoenix Local, Bal of Convention Ass'mt     1,50
M.   Halliday, dues        1.50
Mrs Halliday, dues     1.50
Ymir Charter Fee    $5.00
Greenwood Local, stamps 10.00
Vancouver  Local Assessment.. 40.00
Vancouver Local, Stamps    5.00
Ladysmith   Local,  Supplies  ...    1.00
Grand Forks, Charter Fee and
Stamps *     7.00
W. H. Flowers    2.95
Organizing Fund     5.00
Campaign Fund    5.00
In order to afford comrades an
easy access to standard works on
Socialism, the committee has decided
to lay in a stock of literature. The
following are on band and will be
sent post-paid to any address st
prices quoted. Two-cent stamps
will be accepted for sums not exceeding 23 cents:
The Origin of thn Family, (jr.
VJit^wlta)    see    at*    *•*    asm*****************        -01)
The   Social   Revolution (Knrl
Kautsky)  - 50
The World'* Revolutions (Ernest Untennann)    .so
Tbe Socialists,   who   tbey nm
and what    tbey    stand for,
(John Spargo) .... 9 .60
The Evolution of Van (Boleche)    .50
Modern    •edaJlsm    (Chan. XL
Vftll/       ■•■       ate      *•**•-*•--*••-•*-••■-•-*• •*••■•* a-ltf
Class    Struggles    la   America
(A. M. Simons)  10
The  Communist    Manifesto,
Karl  Marx 10 cents
Socialism, Utopian and Scientific; Marx k Kneels... 10 cents
Wage.  Lnbor  and  Capita],
Karl Mnn  A cents
The Mission of tke Working Class.
ChaS.     Vail      •.m,m.*..^^.~..m........ JOO
Sccialiaa and Farmers, A. M.
Simons S cents j
Other works procured to order.
Addreaa th* literature Agent. Box
83**i, Vancouver, B. C.
—___—•>,,, 1
■ tl • it 1 ill 11      ■     1     »
Total  $104.90
■ 0 •
Constitutions,    per dosen  f .88
Membership cards, each 01
Application blanks   (with plat,
form) per 100 30
The committee being a stockholder in the co-operative publishing
house of Chas. Kerr & Co., can procure literature for the locals at cost.
Campaign fund receipt books sre
now resdy and will be furnished to
locals at to cents each.
Regular business meeting Dec 3.
Com Pritchard in the thair.
Minutes of previous meeting read
and approved.
Warrant*  authorized  for  the  fol-
i lowing sums
i Ad. space in thc Clarion $ 2.00
Stamps and Supplies     5.00
(Literature Agent    7.10
j Sign     2.00
I Grand Theatre 15.00
! Advertising meeting     7.00
j Cleaning  Headquarters         50
. .The Finnish Comrades were grant-
1 cd the exclusive use of the headquar-
j tcrs Sunday afternoon from 3 to 6
j p. m. Com Pettipiece appointed
j cha;rman for next Sunday's meeting.
The followin« comrades were el-
j ecled to the Provincial Executive
j Committee for the coming year:
\ Dales. Mills, Morgan, McKenzie, Pct-
j typiecc, Pritchard, Stebbings.
! Receipts.—
: Contributions  to   Assessment..! 1.50
i Collection. Sunday's meeting... 24.90
: Literature Sales     710
Dues    425
The following amounts received
to date:
Previously acknowledged $1.1480
.1   H.  Burrough       2.50
L. White      2.50
Total  $139^0
It has been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build up a central (und
Total $3775
Editor Western Canon:
Just a few lines about a meeting
we had here last Friday night. On
Monday, Nov. 23, we had a visit from
Comrade Geo. H. Goebel of New
York. A meeting had been rather
to be used ia generally aasistlng in the hurriedly arranged only a few days
coming campaign and more especially j hefore, but in spite of this and the
for the purpose of printing sad distri- ■ {act .•,_, Wc had just passed through
butmg campaign literature. | a a months' strike, we had a goodly
AH comrades wishing to collect j „,in,her turn out to hear a lecture on
lor thia fund should st once applyj Socialism bv th-* above mentioned
to the1 provincial secretary for a re- !comra_c, who, I understand, also
ceipt book. No effort, should be > lu,ld meetings in Cranbrook, Kimber-
spared in building up this fund. | ,cy  Crcston „.<• olher points. While
The following amounts received -*P t disclaiming any pretensions to oratory
to date;
Previously acknowledged $41 So
Six Clarion Subs $300
Forward all contributions to  Pro
vincial SecreUry.
mm-        -i.O —
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 4-
Present Comrades Leah, Dales,
Stebbings, Pritchard, McKenzie,
KingrJev, and the secretary.
Minutes read and affirmed.
The following correspondence was
dealt with: From Toronto Local
concerning the Finnish branch.
From Winnipeg Local, ordering
From Claresholm Local ordering
stamps and supplies.
Prom lnnisfaii Local and Comrade
T. Weblev of Coleman, Alta.
Warrants were ordered drawn   tc
Western Clarion for nrinting $25-50.
•'"id ad. space, $a.oo.
B. C. Prov- Exe. Com., Stamps
and Supplies $-5*»
Wmnipeg Local, Stamps    2.00
Claresholm Local, Stamps and
Supplies •   S*o
J. G. MORGAN, Secy.
Regutar business meeting, Dec. 4th-
Present   Comrades Leah, Morgan,
Pritchard, Stebbings, DbIcs, Kingsley,
(organiser) and the secretary.
hc is tertainlv a fluent, capable speak
cr and placed in clear, convincing and
interesting terms, facts which are usually considered dry and uninteresting.
He showed the development and final tiumph of the Socialist philosophy
to be but thc outcome of our present
capitalistic system of wealth production and as certain to supercede it in
one form or another as wage-slavery
superceded chattel slavery. Just
what form the coming Co-operative
Commonwealth will take depends upon the Socialists themselves. He
also explained very clearly the difference between Anarchism, Socialism
and Communism, the la-st of which is
something which very few speakers
I have heard discuss. He showed
that instead of destroying initiative
as is claimed by opponents, Socialism
would result in giving immensely larger scope for initiative. On questions
being called for, one gentleman wanted to know if government ownership
would not bring the desired result
about. He then took up that question and showed that although they
have government ownership of nearly all kinds of industries in one country or another, it had not, nor could
not. tinder the present competitive
system, bc of any -material benefit to
the wage-earners until they owned the
government. If ever Comrade G6ebcl
comes this way again we shall get the
opera house and there wMl be no
difficulty in getting it filled. In conclusion let me say that before you
get this in print thc Socialists of this
ridiiiR will be ready for the fray, let
it conic when it may.
Yours  for  the early  emancipation
of the wagc-s'luve
Fernie, B. C, Nov. 20, 1906.
Western Clarion:
Comrade George Goebel of the
United States addressed a large
meeting here on November 29. He
proved himself a forceful speaker
and able propagandist, and held the
attention of his audience to the last.
As a practical demonstration of the
efficiency of his work we have already
had a substantial increase in the
membership of our Local.
Of course there are a few disgruntled grafters whose feelings
were so hurt that thev have taken an
oath to never attend another Socialist
meeting, but we shall try to get along
without them. One erf these chaps attended thc meeting for the purpose of
as he expressed h, "taking every bit
of ground from under the speaker's
feet," and make it so hot for hfm that
he would surely go to hades to cool
off, and take all the Socialist cranks
in Revelstoke along with him. It is
said that after the lecture this chap
sneaked quietly home and went to
bed in order to recover from the
shock experienced. A good collection was taken to defray expenses.
Provincial Secretary.
Dear Comrade.—Just a few lines to
post you on the progress made since
we started what is now gone on record and known as Vmir Local, No.
31 of the Socialist Party cf Canada.
I beg to say that our work to date
consisted of a preliminary nature until we receive our Charter, but so far
we have a membership roll of thirty
and more coming in all
the      time. We       have      for
the present formed ourselves in
to a committee cf the whole and are
pushing thc good work ahead with
all thc vigor possible. And, again,
at our next regular meeting, which
will he on the 15th, the writer has no
hesitancy in predicting we will go on
record with a membership, in good
standing, that will make some of the
old-party aspirants fcr the Ymir Riding use the old, familiar phrase
"where am I at?"
I might sav also, that I fed confident of the success of this constituency being represented by a Socialist
in the next change, and my conclusion is drawn from the fact that our
party here is already made up of
what used to be ardent supporters
of the two eld parties, and if they
work as hard for their own, which
spells the emancipation of the wage
slave, wc arc sure of victory. I might
say that we are busy making preparations for a hot time tomorrow night,
as we are going to be treated to what
we believe will be an eye-opener, consisting of a lecture from comrade
Geo. H. Goebel, and we are looking
for    a large turn out.     Fraternally
P. Daly.
Ymir, B. C, Dec. 3- 1906.
The Socialist Party of Finland has
462 local organizations and over 80,-
000 members.
Continued from last issue.
One of thc chief means of diverting
attention from the live issue, is a reform movement. This enables the
exploiter of labor to appear as its
benefactor. Reform and charity are
safety valves, which tend to keep
down the pressure of revolt below the
danger point. To spend a little in
tinkering with the symptoms of our
social smallpox is a paying investment for the ruling classes. To
strike at the root of the disease would
be to injure the source from which
our blessings flow.
The very fact that the ruling class
favor reform is prima facie evidence that reforms must ever fail.
They are usually for improving thc
condition cf the working classes. But
the interests of capital and labor are
antagonistic, therefore any advantages which labor receives would be at
the expense of dividends, and would
mean that an opportunity had developed whereby wages could be once
more reduced to the lowest point,
at which the wage earners can exist.
Seme time ago, in a New England
town, some well-meaning, near-sighted female, obtained lodgings for the
women employees of a factory at a
nominal rent. The following Monday the scale of wages was reduced
Capitalist poduction is not a philanthropic exercise, but a profit making proposition. Labor power is
purchased at the market price, and
owing to thc fact that there are more
workers than jobs, it means the least
amount at which a wage-earner can
The Fool Meter.
The following story from Harper's
Weekly is respectfully comtnendtd to
that class of "reformers who hold
that society can bc relieved from
present intolerable conditions without a revolution.
Some visitors who were being
shown over a pauper lunatic asylum,
inquired of their guide: "What method is employed to discover when
an inmate is sufficiently recovered to
"Well," replied he, "you see, it's
this way. We leave a big trough
of water and we turns on the tap. We
leave it running, and tell 'em to bail
out the water with pails until they've
emptied the trough."
"How does that prove it " asked
one of the visitors.
"Well," said the guide, "Them as
aint idiots turns off the tap."
The whiskey trust would never
have allowed prohibition laws to pass
anywhere had it not been fully aware
thev could produce no appreciable
shrinkage in their dividends. Government reports tell us that during
the last period when temperance reforms have been most energetically
prosecuted, thc quantity of intoxicating liquors consumed in the United
States has been doubled per capita—
and is now about a billion gallons a
year.     Our  educational   -orces  sup.
press the truth, so that our temper
ance reformers know nothing about
turning off the tap and now they find
the "trough" just twice as full as it
was twenty-five years ago. Governor Cobb of Maine, stated that the
evil growing from hypocricy, due to
prohibition laws, has done more harm
and caused more moral deterioration
than all the rum ever sold in the
The reformers support a system
which pays ninety per cent, profits
on whiskey and then expect a paper
law to stop its sale. In the same way
they do what they can to maintain
capitalism, which pays millions of
working women about half enough
to live on decently, and then damns
them for selling their virtue to raise
the balance, forgetting that self preservation is the first law cf Nature.
Professor W. H. Wylie of the United States department of agriculture,
states that soothing syrup and impure milk kills three million infants
every year in the United States. And
now we find that Mr Samuel It. Adams makes a report showing that the
most of the patent medicines advertised in our religious and secular papers and magazines, and sold by
druggists and grocjers, contain alcohol, opium, cocaine, chloral and
other poisons in dangerous quantities
and that these are not only worthless
as remedies, but that through the
Bale of them millions are annually
poisoned, while thc drug habit caused
by these narcotics is an important
factor in the overcrowding of our insane asylums.
Moral reformers exhaust their energies in tryin-r to "'bale out the
trough." In their ooinion the "■tap" is
too sacred a thing to tamper with.
All the educational forces of trade
and commerce sav so.
The Sanitarium Scheme.
Just now efforts are being made in
this province, to establish a sanitarium, for the victims of tuberculosis.
After tens of millions of people
in tbe prime of life have met a horrible death from this disease, the
"guardians of health" have declared
that the human race might be freed
from the scourge, in a generation, if
they only had sufficient of the animal
comforts of life—food, air, warmth
and rest. They are now trying to
bail out the trough, and are evidently
so well trained oy the "suppressive
and diversory" methods of education,
that they lack either the courage or
the knowledge to make it known that
nine-tenths of the consumption, physical, mental and moral ailments of
civilization are due to modern methods of wealth production.
We know for a fact that consumptives are being made a hundred times
faster than they can be cared for by-
all the Sanitaria on earth, and that it
is only prolonging the agony to arrest a disease when in three out of
four cases, the victim is compelled
through povertv to go back to thc
same toil and atmosphere, under
which the disease originated.
In the United States, today, over
five million women and two million
children have been forced into the
labor market in order to live. . Half
of ihis number are speriuing half
their lives in the polluted atmosphere
of sweat shops, mills and mines, amid
the deadening, nerve-racking, roar and
rattle of machinery. Is it any wonder that the white plague is on the increase, and that physical, mental and
moral decline is releasing the wage-
slave from his chains so rapidly, that
if the present rate of destruction continues for half a century longer the
working class will be so near extinct
that some of our most "respectable"
people will also perish for want of
A report has just been made by
an eminent English physician, showing that if the present increase of in-
sanitv continues, the world before
lont- will be populated with lunatics,
and, as far as we know, this "eminent authority" did not include in his
estimate that class which is trying
to bale out the trough, without turning off the tap.
In the same way the churches and
Salvation Army are endeavoring to
lift sinners from the gutter, while
gutters are necessary products of poverty and suffering, caused by the
capitalist mode of wealth production,
and sinners but one of its products,
are being dumped into the gutter ten
times faster than all the churches
on earth can null them out, even if
they worked overtime in trying, instead of exoending their energies in
trying to keep afloat.
The Socialist says: "Turn off the
tap!" Stop making drunkards and
consumptives, prostitutes and thieves,
parsites anu paupers; that we have
these because production today is
carried on for profit instead of for
use. He knows that with our marvellous instruments of wealth production, necessaries and comforts of
life, in a world overflowing with natural wealth, and throbbing with
giant powers ready to turn the wheels
of industry, there should be no want;
that with our means of transportation
famines should be unheard oi. From
thc Socialist point of view war is
wholesale murder. The no vert y and
suffering of the 'troletariat is a col-
lossal crime—if there be crime; and
the capitalists, under whose ownership and management the povertv and
sunering of today exists, are colossal
criminals—if there be criminals.
It is all due to the ignorance of
the wage-earners.
They out-number their masters, ten
to one.
But the educational forces of society have perverted their egoism, so
that instead of using their political
powers to throw off their chains, they
use them to perpetuate their bondage.
(Continued next week.)
9 m.
ck-h tt* tn_*n*»*i of Manufacturers,
incrrr. and others who rcalii-c lhe advisaMI-
llj >f having their Patent businesa transacted
byB-perta. Preliminary advice free. Charges
moderate. Oar tove-ter's AJ*.Wr sect upon
leanest. Marion & Marion. New Vork Life BWg,
MouUtal; uud Waihlngtou, D.C, V.OJk,
Some who started early are now selling ten 5
g copies a day; and t ^iys from fifty to eighty cents J
J a copy. Send to us for circulars aud wholesale §
0 prices.   The book is now ready for delivery. 2
9 **
•BOX 2084 NEW YORK.*
E. Wellington, B. C. Nov. 15, 1906.
Editor Western Clarion:
Please acknowledge through the
columns of the Clarion the following
contributions to the Campaign Fund.
Previously  acknowledged    $53-50
Nov. 14,  No.  16       1.00
"   20, No. 17     2.50
"   26, No. i-      1.50
"   26, No. 19      1.00
Total $59-50
60  YEAM'
Trade Marks
Copyrights Ac.
Anrone sending a skctrh and description mar
■.alcklr aaeertAln our oi>inii_ free whether an
iiiTstitlon la probably rmeiiUbl*. Cuaiinmilr*-
tlcmii strictly confidant Ial. HANDMOt on Patent*
•cut free. Oldest rnter.ct tarnecorlnepateiita.
Patent* taken tbrourt Mann A Co. rceair.
tptcial notlct, without coarse. In tbe
Scientific flmerkaiL
A handsome!? Illustrate- weekly.
Hir; roar months,
Ijireest tit-
Terms, P a
eolation or any «elentttlc Journal.   -
Tear: f oar months, »L Sold brail newsdealers.
Branch Offlce. «■ t **» Waa-acton. D. C.
by buying thb
tellable, hottest
high grade 1
ing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co,
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
United Hatters of North America
When you sre buying a PUR HAT see to it
that tbe Genuine Union Label is sewsd In It. If
a retailer haa loose labels ln his possession sad
offers to put one In a hat tor you, do not patronise
him. Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label Is perforated on tour
edges, exactly the same ss s postage stamp. Counterfeits sre some times perforated on three edges,
snd some tl mes only on two. John B, Stetson Co.,
of Philadelphia, is s non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOE-ITT, President, Orange, N. J.
MARTIN LA VI LOR, Secretary, 11 Wsverly Pbux*,
New Tork.
G  A. OKELL, Manager
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City. You can always
depend upon our bread.     Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
Do you know we sell tram 10 ts 35
cents cheaper than our co-mpetltsrs.
TOE   __   C_-__-TG_S
71 6t-.i-.aut Stmt, Vktwii, I. C
Mamlwtirtr it
; Hi • Cwrtrt tt.
what the Party la doing on the Pacific
Coast of the United States,
528 Telegraph Ave.,
Oakland, California.
"For the Socialist Party and By the
Socialist Party."
Ten weeks, ten cents; one year, 50 cts.
For the
Having been authorized hy
the publishers ot tbe Western
Clarion to receive subs at the
regular rate—$1.00 per year
and apply one half of all monoy
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
this fund by sending your subs
direct to ne. Either renewals
or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not lets than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE.
Prov. Secy.
Box 830. Vancouver, B. C.
■ i": i
r QLAHO-F.      ▼A»aOUyiEt
9       -- ■     -.     -^     -■• i      „^__    -i, -^.
Edits- by R. P. PBTITPB-CE. to whom all correwptnwdtmc*, for this departme-M ahasM bet
teaching  of  social  and  political  science  from  the  standpoint  of  Social-
and you  can*t    belong    to the
marries the man she does net love.
The debauchinf effect of the capitalist  system  upon  -womanhood   is  ac-
«;*_".»■ *, •_        _«_ _j • •Vmer'can Socialist Society, in whose j curateiv   registered   in   the     div
The   Good Old Days    Have Passea,; - .       .       m_-_-e.j-.e!u  cf the i court and the  house of shame.
and Capital Reigns Supreme, Thus
Famishing An Economic Basis
for the Rapid Growth of the Revo-
lutionarv Movement—-"Watch Socialism Growl"
The street railway wage-slaves cf
Hamilton, Ont, have probably discovered by this time that they do not
Ii own their jobs. And it must also be
1 manifest that it is rather awkward to
! control the means of living under
such circumstances.
Events have shown that capitalism,
in all its naked brutality, is fast unmasking itself in the cent belt.
This is net surprising to the student
Ij of sociology.
I      The manufacturing industry of Can-
| .ada is fast centering in Ontario anfl
portions of Quebec.     Such industries
function  as  capital  and  are  founded
|| and maintained upon wage-labor —
' robbery of wealth producers. Bonuses, franchises, exemption frcm taxation and all sorts of inducements were
made by various small towns to have
these slave-pens reared in their particular locality.
Following this thc manufacturers
themselves went into politics. Fur-
| ther privileges—tariffs, "protection,"
etc.—were granted in consequence and
as dividends enlarged, and subsidiary
profit-moneers sprung up, so, tco, has
the brazenness and boldness of the
owners of capital.
The history of the growth and development of capital in Eastern Canada is retty much the same as elsewhere—with the possible exception
that it was nursed and fostered by
real good professed  Christians.
That capital in Christian Ontario
has expresseu itself in bu'*et* and
bayonets, in the hands of trained
murderers, is significant only in that
it indicates an economic basis which
proves a fertilizer for a revolutionary
It means that the old days in the
cent belt have passed away. The Ontario we knew fifteen or twenty years
ago is no more.
The  labor-skinning  business    now
|   reigns supreme.
Fcr this reason the powers of the
State will be more and more utilized
to dub recalcitrant wage-slaves into
And in Ontario and Quebec, as in
British Columbia and elsewhere, these
ruling powers are vested in the hands
of employers—-labor robbers—-by the
robbed victims themselves.
What the workers  have failed    to
learn  themselves  bv  experience,  the
master-class is busy drilling into their
. thick heads.
It is just "ossible that before tnanv
mcre election days go by there will
be a disposition shown on the part of
the cent-belt workers to put an end
to their robbery through and by the
wage system.
This, by seizing thc powers of
State, anu converting capital (property used to rob labor) into the collective property of those who do the
The   political expression of such a
movement is found in the fast-growing Socialist Party of Canada.
The old parties admit that the men
they put up for and elect to office are
too corrupt to be entrusted with the
management of industries when public property. The remedv is to quit
voting for self-confessed thieves and
incompetents.—Appeal to Reason.
■ ■ o
in whose j curateiv   registered   in   the     divorce
The Dignity of  Labor.
Munich. Dec. i—The serious attention of humanitarians is being directed
to the dreadful condition ot the women workers of Bavaria. Travellers
have long been in the habit of looking with a sort of foolish curiosity
on women hod carriers, women -street
cleaners and women wood sawyer*-,
but when sonic serious-minded observer declared the conditions were a
disgrace to the city snd the age, the
tide of opinion was changed.
German social economists are now
seriously considering the question
and the matter has been brought to
legislature and imperial attention.
German reformers are aroused and it
is altogether likely lhat in a very few
years tht* women laborers of Munich
will M extinct and a shame abolish-
During the campaign just closed
across the capitalist demarcation,
Walter Thomas Mills was in the field
for fiftv-twp days, spoke fifty-four
times, addressed fiftv-two thousand
people, spoke in fourteen states, travelled 8,200 miles. There was collected for local purposes at the meetings addressed by him $2,666.00, and
literature sold amounting to $1,240.00,
j or $23.8* fcr each day of thc whole
j trip. Among the ; 'ices he spoke
were Chicago, Dasrrport, Omaha,
Denver, Si.lt Lake, Los Angeles, San
Francisco, Seattle, Vancouver, Spokane, Boise City, Kansas City, St.
Louis, and twice a da** for the last
week of the campaign in the city of
Malwaukee. He will spend the winter teaching and lecturing in Idaho,
Oreiron, Washington and British Columbia.
If you should walk along East
Nineteenth street in New York,
searching among the old-fashioned
brownstone houses for number one
hundred and twelve, it would be
proof to the initiated that you knew
at least a little something about the
Rand School of Social Science which
has been established there.
We are glad to record the fact that
a woman is at the bottom of it. The
late Mrs. Carrie A*, Rand provided
for it in her will. It was opened October 1st, and Mr. W. J. Ghent, a
well known Socialist author, had been
■pending his time fcr months attending to the transformation of the building into a dignified schoolhouse for
grownups, and hc hasjnade it a de-1
light to the eye and a satisfaction to
the spirit.
The immense double parlors are
now the library, and thc room is filled
with chairs durin. lectures, when the
students overflow the smaller class
rooms upstairs.
The school is established   for the
school  unless you are in accord with j Socialism, woman would stand forth j c(*
the principles and tactics of the mod- j the equal  of man—all    the    avenues j    J.\s jt  is, the  Munich  work-women
ern Socialist movement. ! would be ooen 10 her and she would   0f lne streets exists, and today where-
There are one hundred and ninety j naturally find her fitting place and j.evCr building is going on there one may
paying students on the roll at present j rise from the low plane of menial j scc a gang of old-voung women do-
and an average attendance of_45o P"! servility to the dignity of ideal wo- 1 mg tm. j,af(* WOrk 01 lhe masons' as-
week in the eleven classes. The lecturers include Mr. Morris Hilquit;
Professor Franklin H. Giddings, of
Columbia University, whose lectures
and  articles  have often  appeared in
manhood.     Breathing the air of eco
nomic freedom, a     '
for  herself  in   S _^^^^^^^^^^
may be certain  that the cruel injus
tice that is now perpetrated upon her
mortar,   carry
The  Truth    Seeker;    Prof.    Charles 1 sex and the degradation that results
Beard, also of Columbia;  Mr. W. J. \ from  it  will  disappear  forever.—Eu-
istants—mixing   the
mply able to provide ! mg  the  hod  and  staggering
Socialist   society,   we [ p«cs 0f brick, ^L^
Only young women arc employed
heart-breaking,   back-break
Ghent, Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gil-
man, of blessed fame among women,
and several others almost as weft
In the library you will find a thousand books, all pertaining in some
way to Socialism. lt makes one's
head ache merely to read all thc
"Gracious," I said to the man whom
I interviewed, "'I am staggered to find
such a quantity of literature on one
"There is much more," he replied,
and I wondered if it wouldn't be wise
for some of our anti-Sccialist friends
to go to school for awhile, in order to
be able to refute intelligently^ this
startling array  of argument.
Men and women students attend
the lectures and classes, for Socia'-
ists make no sex distinctions in matters cf the intellect. The subjei.s
are naturally those along sociological
and economic lines, but public speaking is also taught, and the students
learn to deliver Mark Anthony's oration, as well as Upton Sinclair's,
speech on Socialism in "The Jungle."
Thev go out to lecture without any
thought of fitting themselves to fight
religious superstition, though almost
without exception they are without
any professed religion. They believe
that the battle against the churcti is
practically won, or that it is included in what they consider the larger
reform  which  they  espouse.
"Do you know," 1 said to Mr.
Ghent, "that out in Jersey, where I
live, there is a preacher whe advises
the church to 'hitch its wagon to the
star' of Socialism? .He argues that
religion and Socialism should combine  forces."
"The church is always eager to
seize on any good thing when she
sees it," he replied.
"And this same minister declares
that if Socialism progresses at its
present rate, in eight years' time we
will elect a Socialist President. What
do you think cf that?"
' _ertainly, the dominie is very optimistic, I must admit," replied Mr
This sketch is written from a nonpartisan standpoint, no official notice
being taken in this neck o' the
woods of woman's political point of
view. But I wonder whether any cf
the vociferous gentlemen who rise to
denounce the cult, had read any of
the books which I saw on the library
shelves at the Rand School, "The
History, of Socialism," for instance;
"Economics," "Ethics," "The Evolution of the State," "The Principles of
Sociology,' "Industrial History and
Economics," Social History," "Socialism and Art," "Influenced Capitalism on Plastic Arts and Literature,"
"Proletarian Diseases," "Immigration," etc.. etc.?
It locks as if we would have to go
to school and find out where we are
st. a
—Marv    E.   Maedonald,   in    Truth
Count Boni de Castellane's vices
are those of his class. Any country
which breeds idle aristocrats is bound
to be made ridiculous now and then by
unprincipled popinjays. Anna Gould's
ambitions and weaknesses are those
of her class. Any country which
breeds those who obtain wealth and
power at '.he expense of others, whether by divine or other right, is bound
to be made sick at heart now tnd then
over the troubles of some Countess
Anna.—Truth  Seeker.
Light came with Christ and they
crucified Christ. Recall the names
Hung at him by the orthodox of Jerusalem—"blasphemer," "desecrator of
the Temple," Sabbath breaker," "wine
bibber," the "friend of publicans and
sinners." Truth came with Socrates, and they poisoned him; with
Bruno, and they* burned him; with
Copernicus, and they excommunicated
him; with Galileo, and they placed
him on the index.—E. W. Lowry, in
London Literarv Guide.
gene V. Debs.
The habit, encouraged and cultivated by Socialists , of requesting
persons in the audience to question
their speakers on any phase of tj}e
subject before them, is in a general
way a good one. To some thc whole
Socialist conception is a new one,
ethers m-- have a partial or distorted idea of the subject, and a question
well put and answered is generally
of service and interest to more than
the "uestioner. But like all good
ruies, the question habit is liable to
abuse, and mav so bc made to serve
narrow and factional ends that have
little or no interest for the audience.
The latter happened last Sunday
night after Com. Kingsley s address
in  the   Grand   theatre.       At    qucs-
ing in wait to heckle the speaker on
a subject that has been thc burden of
their talk for some time past, and has
been clearly and emphatically answered from the Socialist platform
more than once. One of these, a
callow youth from the east end of
London, asked the speaker "if labor tould bc emancipated without an
economic organization of the workers?" fcllowing up with some inapt
and irrelevant remarks. The other,
a persistent butter-in on many previous occasions, came forward eagerly, covering the same ground as the
first but with more words, illustrating the subject with specific instances
of the potency of industrial unionism made manifest in the flesh
of societv.
No allusion had been made by thc
speaker to this specific subject nor
tc the organization represented by the
questioners; onlv by inference vague
could the questions bc made to apply
to the subject.
But they got answered—and in the
masculine gender—by Com, Kings-
ley. This was some compensation to
the meeting. That thc working class
is rigidly and automatically organized by thc character and necessities of industrv itself, and that no arbitrary and theoretical dispositicn of
themselves on paper or parchment
can swerve it one hair's-breadth so
long as capitalist control lasts; these
were made plain to those seeking a
rational solution of the subject and
open-minded enough to accept it.
The attitude of both sides on this
point have been well defined long ago
and no good can accrue from forcing
it repeatedly on the attention of audiences assembled for other purposes.
We would suggest that the advocates of the new unionism, instead
of obtruding themselves as speakers
and organizers on platforms they do
not hire, should rent a hall and convene an audience of their own and
there discuss the folly of "putting
your Socialist ballot in a capitalist
ballet box" and other subjects,-vital
to them, but of secondary consequence, at most, to thc meetings convened bv the Socialist Party in this
abida by her teaching, ths final victory must be ours.
This final victory will be all the
more decisive, the greater the zeal
and energy with which each 'individual pursues the path before him. No
one has a right to consider whether
lie himself, alter all his trouble and
lalior, wilMive to see a fairer epoch
ot civilization, and still less has he thc
right to let such a consideration deter him iiniii the course on wliich he-
has   entered.      Although   we   *f|1ftvt.
predict the duration   of    the   single!
-   — ._- *__ I
i.'li-tw-detectivei of the "tWo ,„_.
sand" would not -hoot them ^T*'
mistake, w" *•"*
"In no othar country in ih* „„.,,
with tha exception 3 Chirl f3
possible for an individual to nrtoLj
his bidding in defiance of |lw
himself with a standing" armv r[°Und
lined could never under ~—"mi* out
order.     The conditions  j  iiave g
phases of development, ncr the form, private detectives. -5. p. ||tl
which thev will assume, just as little      O he detective agency tsnota
in these ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
ing jobs. Old women cannot carry
the heavy burdens to the upper stories, and even the young ones soon
break down. Then they arc rclcgat
ed to the stone piles.
Street cleaning is another occupation in wliich thc Munich woman
manages to earn a few coppers daily.
Not only do they sweep thc thorough-
tares and rake out the gutters, but
they load up the dump carts and
shovel up alt the filth and refuse.
On the street railways, also, women are employed, especially in the
positions of track tenders and "switchmen." They work nine hours a day
and are paid 60 cents per diem.
Men's toil done by women is not
confined to Munich, for the Prussian
railroad management has for some
time past been employing women in
the construction of the railway track
Squads 01 women arc to be seen
working on construction, sometimes
alone and sometimes hand in hand
with  men,  levelling  the  ground  and
tion time  two    persons,  who    both _^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^__
claimed tc have been  lecturing on the j shoveling dirt to lay out new streets,
street  during  the   evening,   were  Jy-J—Press  Dispatch.
Speaking of capital and labor, says
the daily press, President Roosevelt
emphasizes "the infinite harm done
by preachers of mere discontent," and
declares "the one hope cf success for
our people lies in a resolute and fearless, but sane and cool-headed advance along the path marked out last
year by this congress."
 -T, 0	
Consider for a moment the beastly
debasement to which womanhood is
subjected in capitalist society. She is
simply the property of man, to be
governed by him as may suit his convenience. She does not vote, she
has no voice and must bear silent
witness to her legally ordained inferiority. She has to compete with men
in the factories and workshops and
stores, and her inferiority ig taken
advantage of to make her work at
still lower wages than the male slave
gets who works at her side. As ' an
economic dependent she is compelled
to sacrifice the innate refinement, the
inherent purity and nobility of her
sex, and for a pallet of straw   she,
"We take a total of five thousand
cases off the streets of the cities of
the world every year. Of the worst
75 per cent, arc reformed, and cf maternity cases as high as 96 per cent,
are saved to a better life.—Statement
by Commissioner Coombs of the Salvation Army, in Vancouver this week.
The World of this city, the paper
that "prints the facts," has gone com-
pletel" "batty" over Socialism. Every word beginning with the letter
S. brings on a nightmare. A dispatch last Saturday announcing that
a lot of old women of various sexes
had held a "Social Education Congress" in Boston, appeared in its
columns under caption of "Socialists
Meet in Big Convention."
Now that prosperity prevails
throughout the land and an
eas*. job at big wages is
awaiting every one who wants to
work, isn't it rather presumptious upon the part of the Salvation Army to
continue bumming nickels and dimes
in the name of charity for Christ's
A few decades ago Buckle wrote
as the result of his study of the German niiinl and German culture, that,
although Germany possessed a large
number of the greatest thinkers,
there was no country in which the
contrast between the class of scholars
and the mass of the people was so
great as in Germany. This i* no Ion
gcr true at the present day. It was
only true as long as German science
remained almost exclusively dedue
tive and limited to scholars who had
little contact with practical life. As
soon as Germany was economically
revolutionized, thc deductive method
in science was to a considerable ex
tent replaced by the inductive method. Science became practical. People learned -that its value consisted in
its applicability to human life. Consequently all the branches of know!
edge have become to a large extent
democratic during the last decades in
Germany. The number of young
men who have been trained for higher callings has contributed to this result, whr'c, on thc other hand, the
general schooling of the masses,
which is in Germany better than in
any other European country facih
tates the reception of a large amount
of mental impressions of all kinds
And final}- and mest of all, the Socialistic movement has raised tiie mental level of. the people, by its literature, its press, its societies and meetings, its parliamentary representation
and its criticism of all departments of
public life.
The Socialist law has altered nothing in this respect. It has to a certain extent prevented the movement
from spreading broadly and checked its too rapid ueveloptnent, and has
thus given other countries time to
come up with Germany. But it has
intensified it. and created an immense
amount of bitterness, tbat is ready to
explode, and that claims atonement
and victims. Meanwhile the whole
social development, the dissolution of
society is advancing daily with great
er strides.
Thus, in the last quarter of the
nineteenth century we see on all sides
the great battle of spirits breaking
cut and being waged with fiery ve
heinencc, Not social science alone,
but thc wide field of natural science,
of hygiene, the history of civiliza
tion and even philosophy are the arsenals from which the weapons arc
supplied. From all sides the foundations of existing society are being
undermined, the weightiest blows are
{ being dealt against the props of thc
old regime; trie revolutionary idea i>
penetrating into most conservative
circles, and carrying confusion in the
ranks of the enemies of light. Artisans and scholars, agriculturists and
artists, in short, men of every rank
and calling are joinin- the working
classes, which compose the bulk of
the army that is to fight the -last
fight, and mutually support and supplement each other.
Women, too, are summoned not to
remain behind in a struggle in which
their own freedom and deliverance is
at stake. It is now their part to show
that they have comprehended their
true position in the movement, and
tbat thev are resolved to take their
share in the present contest for a bet-,
ter future. It is the part of the men
to assist them in freeing themselves
from all prejudices, and to support
them in the fight.- Let no one undertake his own power, or imagine Jhat
one more or less makes no difference.
No one, not even the weakest, can
Ibe dispensed with for furthering the
advance of humanity. A continual
dropping hollows out the hardest
stone. And many drops make the
brock, and brooks make the stream,
and streams the great river, whose
majestic course can be stopped by no
obstacle in nature. Precisely the
same thing applies to the life of civ-
Ulized humanity, Nature is everywhere our Instructress and   if   we
M wc can with any certainty iorescc
the length of our own lives, in a century such as ours, we have no cause
to relinquish all hope of witnessing
the victory." We struggle and strive
onwards, unconcerned as to when or
where Ihe boundary posts ol new atid
better times for humanity shall be
erected. If wc fall in the fight, the
rearguard will take our place; wc
shall fall with lhe consciousness of
having done our duty as men. and
with the conviction that the goal will
be reached, in spite of all opposition
from the enemies of humanity and
priigress.~-August Bebel.
stance  oblain   in   England8' Ci')_!S"
labor troubles the government ,   ?«
titer the poVftna and under »-, ri.
cumm-uccs permits the medd|_»"5
private detectives."—-. 1)   ||.uj|
(Thc detective agency is not , Mei**,
on "our  odt-rn  dviUTation"'    1,
one of  its   beauty  spots, and 0.1, §
Ihe     1110*1     beautiful    at  that-
The victims of industrial aeculcnt,
in Canada iliinng the month J ,
tobcr last numbered o.t Mlled jZ
20i injured. These figure, ar. .,
ken frcm the Labour Gmcm* >',
November. The list ol capit***,
killed and injured has been ..muted
probably through an oversight
According to the aaily papers ther-.
is a probability of war between _»
United States and Japan because „'
,*,e-T.,,,°"-0-! th* sch""1 •••'horiiir,
of California in discriminating again,,
Iai.an.-sc scholar* in the public
schools of that state Alit, nKh -hat
will do ver- well for an excuse lo
start the fray, but not msny Km)l
wrll be nred before the presence of a
lusty commercial and territorial n.K.
ger will be discovered in tlu- international woodpile.
One of the worst blotches on our
modern civilization is thc private detective agency which makes a specialty of supplying strike breakers and
armed thugs to capitalists when they
have dirtv work to be done during labor conflicts. A writer in Apple-
ton's Magazine for October who is
said to be an American representative
of the Scotland Yards detective force,
has the following to say as information from Ihe iiuule, on the private. .^
detective svstem that flourishes in Notice is hereby givm that »'tfr
manufacturing centers in this coun- 60 days we intend to a, dIv t„ ••,«
try:                                                           )Chief   Commissioner   ■ f   Uud   *r*
"There is another phase of the:Works for a special l.ceme 10 i«i
private detective evil which has work-|snd carry away timber fn>rn the filled untold damage in America. This'lowing described l»nd» in Rupert Du.
is the private constabulary system, by tiict:
which armed forces arc employed | fla .—Commencing at lhe S.W
during labor troubles. It is a condi- Cor of Scc -,, Township 14 1 hence
tion akin to thc feudal system of e-it te thxmt thcn„ n-nh fo fhj,nJ
warfare,  when  private   interests  can |hcnM _,„, ^    M      |b ^
employ    troops    of mercenaries    to j^ f ammt
wage war at their command. I    _j *- .     „   ...
Ostensible these armed private de-'-No- a-Commencin*- at the N W.
tcctives are hurried to thc scene ol C"f, °lSnC __ Townsh.p u, thence
the trouble to maintain order and pre* c**1 »-■-•»*-*••. thence south 80
vent destruction of property, although chains, thence west 80 chaw,*, thence
this work should always be left to *•»»•■ *-***" chains.
the oriicial guardians of thc peace! N'o. .1— Com ment* ur . •. the X. F.
That there IS a sinister motive backXor. of Sec. 15, Township 14. ihenre
of the employment ol the*e men has west 80 chains, theme south *>
been shown time and again. Have chains, thence east 80 chains, ihttict
you ever iollowed the episodes of a north 80 chains.
great strike and noticed that matt t So. 4.—-Commencing a? lhe S F.
of the disorderly outbreaks were so Cor. of Sec. 22. Township 14 thtnet
guided as to work harm to the inter- north 160 chains, thence sett to
ests of the strikers? It is not gorfig] chains, thence south t'o chain*,
tco far to state that many oi the thence east 40 chains
great strikes have been lo»t to the'
worker.* because after
sympathy  and
drawn.     And  thi,   	
sentiment  invariably Mows the  al* ^'T'e^'ll^Ln
leged lawless and violent act* of   UwP"*** m ™**      , .
strikers. Therefore, instead of pre-' *-*• •>-Comment-ing il 1 < h W.
renting these acts, it is to «he inter COTntt ol *** .-•--■ *'^!;' !' u'
cit of the employers that they should iocmc east 80 chains, thence south
OCtntr. 8° chains,    thence    w«*t  Ho chains.
"In this, perhaps lie* usually the |'-*e*-iee north 80 chains
reason why private detectives are No. 7.—Commencing nrar the S
brought on the scene. Before every !W. Cor. Sec. Jt), Town-hip 14. thence
duty to Ihe public as a whole, their north 80 chains, thence <a*t <--"
duty consists in bringing the result thains. thence south 80 cltam*. ; -not
desired by their employers—that i«,'west So chains,
breaking the strike. Time and ags.nj *«•„ 8_Commencing at post otli
it has been shown that private delec '„ roiU, lon,h o( ,j,r S. \\ Cot. ei
live, employed every effort fair or 5^. -, T0-.nllhip 15. thence north
foul, to accomplish thu end by turn, o^ ch,m| thfnce c„, *, chains,
ing the public .against the strikers lhence M„„b g~ chains, theme wtP
Private     detectives   unsuspected   in g„ c|,aina
their guise of workmen, mingle with 1    v.      „ ' j»_. __■__    „,    ,   no,,
the strikers and by incendiary talk nr* ,N" JT.u^ «• *r r\_l
action sometimes stir them up tc, viol- P,an,*,J •* ,.h« S »N: _«r. »• *v' *•
ence * , thence south  80 chains, thence mi
"In one of the greatest     of     our "_   cnim*'   ,b,_.nc«   l,'>r,h   *   l!"m'
strikes,  that   involving  the   steel  H»*jUM-,Ke we't *° chains
dnstry, over two thousand armed de*'    No.    IO—Commencing   at   a   P"»*
tectives were employed supposedly lo|planted near the N.  B. Cor
._       _, ... j    No. 5-—Commencing at Ihe N   F.
.e after a time public Cor of ^ ^ Town<hn, ,4 Oitntt
support were w.th-'wef| ^ chiint thttHf M,(lt,, „,
th.,  change  of  public cb •       {} fo   fc ;      ,
ri-_I_f v    i, ,\ -j ,._ ■_     e li**     _ 1 . *
protect property, while several hun
drcd more were scattered in thc ranks
of lhe strikers as workmen. Many
of the latter became officers in the labor bodies, helped to make laws for
the organizations, made incendiary
speeches, cast their votes for the most
radical movements made by the strikers, participated in and led bodies of
the members in the acts of lawlessness that eventually caused the sending if state troops and the declaration of martial law. While doing
this, these spies within the ranks
were making daily reports of thc
plans and purpose of thc strikers. To
my knowledge whtji lawlessness was
at its height, and murder ran riol,
these men wore little patches of wh le
on the lapels of their coat*, that their
llaod-Madc Boots *ed flhws to order la
all styles.   Kepalrlnj* promptly and neatly done.    Stock  of staple  ready-made
Shoes always oa haad.
 U Sec
17. Township 15, thence 160 chain*
west, thence 40 chains tooth, tiience
160 chains east, theme 4° c-'-"'1»
No. it- Commencing at a post near
the N. E. Cor. of No. 10 thence west
icjo chain*, thence North 40 chains,
thence eaat 160 chains, theme •.'■nth
40 chains, to point of commence
Dated Sept. 36, 1906
HARDWARE and       J
I Second Hand Oealer {
First Class Bar.       EsoeMent Rooms.
Prices Moderate.
If» » ■ mmwmmmmm ■ ■ » -■'■■■_ — ■	
A large and varied assortment of Heater am!
Cook Stoves, at bedrock prices.
Iloom Chain, and L< g
ger»* Tools a Specialty.
New Iron Beds from
•350 Up.
I Hardware, Jink and Furniture
VtMMW, S. G.
COKE is an excellent fuel for gr«tes, hall   atoves, furnaces and
cooking atovea. making a claan, bright Are without amoke or dirt.
Vancouver Gat Company, Ltd.


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