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The Western Clarion Jul 28, 1906

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Array JUL
THE
ESTERN   CLARION
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
rum i>      3g9.
.suss**        OOefcs
VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   JULY   21,   1900.
subscription rrtca
Paa Ya__
Sl.00
RINGING NOMINATION SPEECH
-   ■ ■  -
Delivered by Comrade John W  Martin of Oliver, Colorado,
in Placing William 0. Haywood in Nomination lor the
Governorship ol That State.
w
Mr. Chairman, Comrades and Fellow Workers—-I rise today to perform a pleasant duly, onr the like of
hich cornel but seldom in the short
•.pace oi a livunan life. That of nam-
inn a candidate for the office of Governor   ol   this,   the   Centennial   State.
tt|)UM- name will be greeted with
cheers wherever thc working clsss
wicmble, whose name will be a low-
,r oi strength in our campaign, an 1
wh(,sr name makes it possible for the
firM time in the history of our move-
merit f-'r thc Socialist parly to carry
-, State- election in Colorado or in
the nation.
I ito not arise tee name a well groo-
mecl business man or a professional
politician, seeking graft. Neir do I
name a labor leaner who is dined and
unicr! at Civic I'cdcratiein banquets,
nr who hobnobs with Grover Cleve-
hncl. August I'elmont or Theodore
Roosevelt. Hut I arise to name a
man who, in executive ability, is the
peer of the best, and whose personal
integrity is without stain. A man
-rbosc hands have been calloused by
hcirift labor, and whose every heart
throb is in sympathy with those who
1 t! A man who has never been
pnited by the capitalist prc*s as"rhe
greatest labor leader" in thc world;
but who, as labor leader, has never
txtrayed his trim, neir sold out a
«tnkr A man who. because of his
loyalty to the working class, has been
.Irciclc down by brolsl soldiery Ofl the
Stmts of our city. And vvho. for
thai  tamS  loyally,  wa*   kidnapped  bv
to tbe world whether they arc men
with spirit enough left to dare "O
vote for thoir class interests by voting for thc working man who to-day
occupies t.hc centre of the stage ti
the great labor drama of the worlci,
or like craven poltroons again crawl
in the dust at the feet of their mas
tern, licking tbe boots of their em
ployers like whipped curs by voting
for some »kck politician who, like
Alva Adams would not even promise
them a single favor.
Now is the lime for the Socialist
party of Colorado and here is its opportunity to make a new departure.
We can now bc thc most pronounced
of opportunists without sacriliciiiK
one jot of our revolutionary program
It  is  to  the  immediate  and   trcmen
let the nation own them and    leave
competition to die a natural death.
•   *   *
More graft has been unearthed.
This time it is the administration of
the city of Toronto. The Winnipeg Tribune says: "It can only be
concluded that the city has for years
been systematically held up by every
variety of grafter that could get
within reach of the treasury.
"When tenders for municipal contracts were called for, the several
firms competent to do the work
would each tile an offer different
from the others. The lowest tender would be accepted and all would
seni to be well.
"At an investigation, however, the
fact was brought to light that all
the firms had met and agred on tht
price the city was to be charged,
decided which firm was to put in
the lowest tender and what rake-
off that firm was to pay the others
—the amoAint of the rake-off being
added to the legitimate price of the
work.
"And this roguery was practiced
by some of the most respected business men of Toronto."
Very astonishing, to be sure!  Bus-
dous interest of the working class toi iness consists of effort to obtain as
have thc struggle in Idaho end speed-[big a share as possible of the wealth
ily in a decisive victory for the we.r-' plundered from the working class by
kcrs. Ithe wace system.     The men that get
The capitalists are already alarmed'the bieeest share are the most "re-
sl the unexpected mattering*, ol prospected." Does anyone outside an
test and threats of revolution which j insane asvlum suppose for a moment
arc coming up from all corners ofl that these thieves will abstain from
the nation They see they have made,plundering the public trough? They
a mistake They now realize that | naturally carry into public affairs
the world has moved a step or iwojthe principles that guide them in
since they hanged workmen in Pcnn-! their private affairs. The skull and
sylvania and Chicago for crimes'cross bones should certainly fly over
which   they  themselves  committed.     'Toronto  city  hall.      A  little  investi-
Let the mutterings grow louder j Ration nearer home would doubtless
and louder; let thc protests continue-,|show that Toronto has no corner on
let the indignation increase but let municipal graft. Under a system
ns cap thc climax of it all by electing based on robbery robbery occurs
thc   chief  prisoner   to   the   office   of|wherever
ufacturers, for it suited their purpose, but the ruling class now cares
nothine for the constitution. Money
rules todav. Money alone has rights
for rights are the possession only of
those who are able to take ar-' keep
them. If the constitution stands in
the way of the money power so much
the worse for the constitution.
Article IV., Sec. 4, of the constitution guarantees a republican form of
government to every state in the
union. This means, for one thing,
freedom from summary arrest and
imprisonment without trial, and, in-
ded the constitution of every state
to prisoners. Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibone were summarily arrested
on the 17th of last February and have
been in prison ever since without trial
and for one excuse or another the
trial has constantly been postpone 1
The federal government connives at
this breach of the constitution for no
protest is heard from it nor should
one be expected, seeing that the money power rules at Washington as
well as at Denver and Boise. The
creature Roosevelt's talk of a square
deal is the merest bluff, and deceives
no one who thinks. Great is capitalist justice under the Stars and
Stripes! The skull and cross-bone.;
would be the more honest, and would
be the fitting emblem for the capitalist class in the United States, as elsewhere.
*   *   *   *
It is reported that there are now
made power wagons that can do the
work of seven wagons drawn by
horses, and do it more cheaply, thus
dispensing with six drivers, for one
can drive thc power wagon more
easily than he could a team. Report
does not say what becomes of the six
men thus sent out to look for a purchaser in the over-stocked labor market.     "Labor-saving"  devices   always
and   whenever   there   is   au
MILITARISM AND THE SCHOOL
New Brunswick Comrade Criticises the Proposal to add Military
Training to the Corricotam of the Public Schools
of That Province.
There has lately ben carried on
from certain quarters in Canada a vigorous propaganda in favor of introducing military training into the public schools. At the meeting of the
executive committee of Uie New
Brunswick Teachers' Institute last
December to prepare a programme
for the institute itself in Jiune, 1906,
some of the members were detei-
mmed to have a paper on military
training read thereat. Having placed it on the program the committee
selected Principal H. H. Stuart of
Harcourt, N. B., whose Socialist
ideas were well known by the educational authorities, to open the discussion which should follow the reading of the paper.
The institute met in Chatham, N.
B., June 27, 28 and 29, 1906. Col. S.
N. McCulIy of Chatham read his paper on military training on the 29th.
He went into the subject at great
legnth, advocating the military train
ing of children in school hours, in
order to teach them habits of order,
regularity, promptness, presence of
mind, obedience and ability to lead
and command; also to insure them a
thorough gymnastic course. . Rifle
exercise   was  a  particularly  valuable
navy to speak of no one ever attacked
her j
Let Canada set an example of peace
and concord, not follow the military
spirit of Europe.
The  discussion  ended  here.      Thee.
two hundred teachers assembled evidently agreed with  the  last speaker, ',
for no one attempted to defend Col.  '
McCully's  position,  or  to  introduce
any motion tending to favor the addition of military training to the curriculum of the public schools of this
province.
 o
A NEW GREATER '4*.
the effects of the upset are Vmg felt
all through Europe. When ever, th-
Nonconformist  consciences wh*» but
command
    if thc powers of capi-
talism and, contrary to all legal forms
and observances, was earned t«i a
i!i*!.eiit State and thrown into a felon's cell, where for months he and
bil faithful comrades have waited, demanding 111 vain the speedy trial guaranteed t" every citizen by ;itr con-
■tiution and laws, William l> Hay-
wood, the prisoner in  Caldwell jail
lt is no new thing for Socialists to
go tee ibe prisons of capitalism for
their candidates for office,     The hero
chief  magistrate of thc State.
An   if   they   rehise  to   release   him
wr   will   take  our  chief  executive  by
force if necesary out ol the  tee-ih  of
the dogs eif capftSJtsni* carry him  in
triumph to our State house and place!
him in the chair now occupied by the:
creature who cannot even claim  that'
■
virtue of a rotten deal between  the
He-publican and  Democratic parties.
opnortunitv.
The "patriots" at the time    of    the
i American   war  of  independence   took
jcare    to    make it impossible    for any
individual,    in    office    or     out,     to
trample    on    their    "rights.'*      The
WU sleeted, but holds his seat bv I "'claration      of     indepndence      was
**^^™ ' • their   sheet   anchor,  embodying   what
thev considered to be the rights of
their class, the then rukng class.
This document was acted up to and
maintained more or less inviolate
while the power remained in the
hands of the planters and small man-
ONE THING AND ANOTHER.
of   Woodstock   jail   ha*   iw.ee   been j    T,,c r,nad'an c;llh in ,llis ri,y *,„
our candidate lor President.of w*Mj«atified its esHWenee. WW its eagle
United  States,  and   Eugene V.   Deb  ,t.vc     „_  jl)U.  ,   „ m>(,    ,*,,.,,„,K
may yet occupy the executive man fr,,m ,,„. ; (l( ,,,c c, ha„ , |ece
stun al Wasbin-rtoa So wc go to■■„, ,ninIlnK ctlVercd with sundry star-,
■lav lo ihat miserable little bastile .11 j a_(,    8tITpcS    ,„    |j)act  ,,f  ,h(: ^
amalgam  ol  crosses  known    a<*    the
branch of the training.     Engaging in^-ed^    Russia is in revolut'01.   ami
military   drill   would   noturally    lead   **      -*1—*- -' *• -        -- — ■ -— ■v-
youths to study the lives of renowsed
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^k        military characters and imitate th«m
increase  the number of men  compe-:, ,d   stimuiate  *ovalty  to  kings I yesterday were grov.MI*- g _* !-*r-   the
ting With one another for jobs, thus Military training was not mili-1*"** ' **  '~ -' *-"    ""
lowering   wages   without   making   the |tarj        bm it'Ttpnse*tcd the proctec
toil of any worker any   ightcr.    The  tj      of ouf instilu.ionSf liberties and
saving   all accrues to the capitalist country-      It  was imended  to  tram
class   by  cheapening  production   and > -    elementary military
enabling the proprietors of the labor <>c^ss especially the use of the
saver to under sell their compel!- |rif, t() M^d the'countr „ t0 act
tors, until eventually all the capita- Lj^ ^ ^ nulitary authorities
hsts in tha particular hue of nidus- ,fa ^ eye_t _{ ^ i-^,-^,,- or
try   are   obliged  to   adopt   the   «inejreM|iw   {or ^ _{ „,--„,_
machine thus browing still more HJJ ^ u-lawfu? combination^ It
men out of employment      In the co- ■      •   j,    d f d ^£~£
ojcrat.ve   commonwealth    machinery lho,d th   ^    M»      a„ inc^nX rio\
writ be used to shorten the hours of -      fc       h _f   h        J     had ^
labor, and  will  he a  blessing to  the ed bv SF,; ht dis ,      of or
workcrs instead of, as now, a curse.  |£,_izlM f„rce      EvBen in ^ad • __
SPARTACUS.
ganized  force.      Even in Canada we
We are glad to see that "l'Human-
ite" very seriously reprehends the
successive governments of France
and the capitalist press of Paris for
having allowed the truth about Russia and Russian finance to be deliberately falsified, and the unfortunate,
hard-working small shop-keepers, artisans and peasants to be thus ct
joled into subscribing Russian loan.-.
It is a very grave responsibility to
have incurred. But that we are now
close to the point when fttftV: c- n-
cealment is impossible, canno* he *!!.••
thi* State of Idaho anil take from that
iiriso- register the iwrtic upon onr
banners Ws make him our stan-
darel bearer, knowing full well thsl
we cannot see his face nor hear his
vince in the campaign upon which
sm- are about lo enter, but the mem
• rv iif the wrongs he cs suffering, th-
recollections ol the malice which has
planned and schemed and lied an 1
rrfardered -n order to compass hi*
•lc*iruction, and which stands ready
aith perjured lips lo swear hi* life
«»y by laying its ows cowardly and
■"ictardly crimes upon hi.* shoulder*.
w " inspire evcrv Socialist in Colorado, and should inspire every weiring man anel every WOrlring woman tli
this broad State to buckle on the armour and go ont in the light determined io win.
lliiywood i* not only bated but
feared by thc capitalist class, and it
v io make sway with him that this
hellish plot was batched by the Miners' Association and their slimy crawling satellites of the Pinkcrton detective agency They could not buy
bun. perhaps they never tried, lor
llirre is something about such men
which warn* the bribe giver that it
is better te* keep nt a safe distance
'Ihey could not frighten him.   They
bad tried tint  nnd  f cited      They fear
•■ I tli-K iome d.iv In- mii-lie unenve*
Ihe tflue story  of the  crimes which
have   bi en   coiiiirillcd   in   lhe   miring
camps of Colorado. And they know
''•'t if the iru'h is ever known they
themselves will stand before an cx-
ssperated people, with the blood
stains of murdered men upon IJieir
hands They dare- not take the risV
"i having thc Independent explosion
investigated. They dare not ri*.k an
investigstion of the crimes committed
'ti Telluride, They dare not risk a
(sir investigation of the slaying
Stetinenburg in Idaho lest
criminals will be discovered, and men
hiul, in the ranks of wealth be caught
red handed. They knew the gre*t
ecxcutWe. ability, the indomitable win
•■ml the dauntless courage Of Haywood, and they knew that he was
working with nil his mighty energy
I" eliscovcr evidence which WOUl*1
•place thc guilt of these dastardly
crimes where it belongs. So. in a
•pasni ol fear. Ihey called to their
councils lhe craftv and unscrupulous
Mcl'arland and when the scheme
had been firily planned, they com
tnaiul their tools and puppets, thc alleged Governors of two States, to
«*«rrv out the plot; and thc two mis
•table weakling-- haste" •" obey
their masters. We have it in our
Power to-day to name the next Governor nf Colorado hy placing the
"ame of William D, Haywood at the
he-ad of our ticket. The working
•'Ixss vastly outnumbers the capitalistic class in this State, and in the
Kidnapping and imnrir «nmr»*» -
these men an insult has been thrown
in the face of every member ol the
working class. .    ,    H.2
If this is to pass unrebuked, no
workingman's life or liberty will be
safe, and by placing lhe nan'-' «*l n">"
wood in nomination we put it *-P. "'
lhe entire  working  class  to  declare
FIRST LESSON OF THE JUNGLE
I'nion  Jack.      Horrified  al  this   insult   to   "a   greater   empire   than   hai
been" thc Canadian club is making a
great noise and in*er*-ts on finding e.ut
who is to blame.      Rag  worship    is
one of  lhe method*  by  which    capitalists   sustain   the   patriotism   of   thc
deluded   workers       lt    is.   thev   S»Y,I
thc    emblem of fredcom      And so -t
is—thc  fredom  of  thc  cap-tali>ts     to
exploit the workers.     It is cjiutc safe I
(O say  that  the  Canadian club would i
sooner   see   the   stars     and   stripes j
flei.-iting on every builekng in the city j
rather than the red flag of Socialism,
the    flag that represents  freedom    of
access   to   the   means   of   production,
freedom    in    thc undisturbed  posses
sioti  by  each  worker of   the  product
of   bis   toil,   beside   wliich     all     Other
fredom is but  as  sounding brass and
tinkling cymbal. The Sags lhat should
now fle-.at on all  public buildings, if
tla-js  mean anything, is the skull  and
crossbones, emblems of piracy.
*   *   e
History is being made Under our
very eye*. Though this is slwsya
thc case, for nothing stands still, it
is mure easily to be seen at the pre*
ent Ume ln Russia a great political
Change appears imminent, a change
that will give the capitalist class of
that country full control of government 1 OWer, Daily the parallel between the Russian and French rev
olutionis grow* more complete
to believe the press.    Th-
not Affect the Capitalistically Trained Reader, at he
Looks out for his own Trough Only.
ften had such conditions to deal
with; and our citizen soldiers had
more than once been called upon to
meet rebellion within our borders,
, responding cheerfully to the call.
[Now in Canada there were 145 cadet
I corps, aggregating 8,000 members,
*■»«_     ■«  . 1 _.      m      .... » .    .        •• sr. _.        ia-sn bovs' brigades and kindred    or-
The Painting ot the Conditions of Labor, However Graphic, Ooes ganizat...ns with 2.000 members more.
■""-""""""""""""""""""""""""""""-----------■■*****ssssssssssssssssssssssssW Prizes should be given encourage
rifle  clubs,  etc.
In opening the discussion of Col.
McCully's paper Com. Stuart admitted, as a matter of course, the
physical value of military training,
but showed there was much to be
considered on the other side.
In the demorcracies of ancient
Greece, in modern Switzerland and
even in France universal military
training had done much good, since
every free man in Greece and every
man in Switzerland and France was
a voter and every voter a soldier. A
regime in France worse than the
present was imposible now because
the soldiery, under the influence of
compulsory education, and from other causes, were becoming too enlightened to support a reactionary
coup d'etat.
The   drawbacks  of    large    trained
forces  were  many  and  very  serious.
j Great armies in one country necessi-
itated increased armaments  in others.
Natnural  resources  were  wasted    in
'military    preparations.      Wars    were
are
if we
irmy,
Some twenty odd pages of "The
Jungle" exhibit the capitalist methods of handling meat for profit; some
four hundred pages exhibit the capitalist method of handling human be-
(tigs for profit.
The twenty pages have created a
greater stir than anything written -n
this generation; the import of the
four hundred pages hardly gets a
thought.
The meat gets all the attention; the
human beings hardly any.
To insure thc purity of the stew in
the housekeper's pot, city, state, national and even international action.
But the stew fur the maw of capital!
The dirt, disease anel poisoning of th's
cauldron does not turn the Stomach
of capitalism.
Of course the Itock-yards laborers
get "sympathy." Incidentally there
mav come slight amelioration in the
sanitary conditions of work Hut the
still worse hell holes called steel mills
in South Chicago and elsewhere will
continue broiling human sacrifices for
capitalism in the good old way.
Why,  then, the  solicitude  for
health of the butchers       Simply be
cause-   the   pt i
house  are consumed  in  th
Hion J. Armour's map of population
in Chicago shows a great many other districts where human beings are
jammed together much more tightlv
and indecently." As to mortality
Mr. Cha.s. J. Bushncss of the University of Chicago proved that there
were 133 deaths in thc stockyards f.ir
every hundred in Hyde Park. "For
every hundred children dying in
Hyde Park there were for the same
population 162 dying in the stock
yards district." But then other Chicago districts would probably furnish
equally tragic figures. So don't blame
Mr. Armour, please.
Another cause for gratification.
Packingtown is not .especially a child-
labor district. This is due to ..the
child-labor law. which provides that
children under lb shall not be employed more than eight hours a day..-,-      *-   .-     . _.
"The  typical  work  day  in~the  stock I th$feby,.rendered  morefrequent.
Czar are forced  to a.l:*-.it    ihit    the
sympathies of  all    civilized    pro*, ies
are   with   the   Russi-.n   rev-«'-.i»iCn««t«,
we may be quit su:. l!e>!  t'i-n-,e sympathies   are   very   p-j.i imctd      And
from  sympathv *c  cdu- «ii-«n  is    no
very  long  step.       Everywhere    the
workers are stirred by the sufferings
and  success  of  their  noble  Russian
comrade; everywhere the propaganda
of Socialism is gaining force and extension   from   the   developments    in
Russia.      Austria  and  Germany  feel
the impetus first, of course, and the
change  in  the   attitude  of    German
Social-Democrats   since   the   struggle
began   in  earnest  throughout  Russia
has been very marked; while in Austria there is no concealment   of   the
joy experienced at the    approaching
downfall of Muscovite tyranny.    But
in France and England, in Italy and
elsewhere the sentiment is    not very
different.      In   these countries,    too,
the effect of a wll-organized   general
strike  or  universal    boycott  leading
on  to social  revolution  is  being discussed  with  an    earnestness,   fervor
and intelligence never manifested before.      Faith in bourgeois parliamentarism is greatly shaken, and even in
Great   Britain  government by jaw  is
at a discount.     The fact of the matter  is we are on the eve of another
and   far    more     thoroughgoing   '48
Each day that  passes shows the incapacity of the  capitalists  to handle
their own  business and  the  growing
determinatioti—slow,      perhaps,    but
sure—of  the   proletariat   to  take  advantage  of  the  first opportunity    to
deal with them once for all.        It is
a glorious period to live into, for it
is   quite  obvious   that      the    young
among us will at least see the    full
beginnings of economic emancipation
and universal co-operation before they
join the men and women    who have
fought before.      Clemenceau's    jibes
cannot   head   back   the   progress    of
humanity nor can Chamberlain's protective fallacies
the
the    onlv    support    ot
throne of the  murderou-
th
Csar
is  re-
ol
real
ported to be permeated with revolutionary ideas and in many place* is
in open revolt, while all ihnl can be
thoroughly relied upon is the Cossacks, oi which there are not enough
to go round. The frightened bureaucracy is, as usual, trying to divert
the attention of the people from
their own cntersts by stirring up
race hatred and organising massacres
of Jews and Armenians, the most
revolutionary parts of the Russian
proletariat. However, in spite of
such methods, it ippesri the doom of
the bureaucracy is scaled. May it be
soon. Then will our Russian comrades be at greater* liberty to push
their propaganda and hasten the advent of the true renu*~*"'~
operative  commonwealth
♦   •   *  ^^^^^^^^_
Turning   nearer home,   we find in
United   Stales   a   strong     move-
Igsinit  the  trusts the  enel    ol
hard  to foretell.      There
however,  no
republic—thc  co-
the
ment
wliich it      .
iS   ,°rn  «3StoM36_- can    hold
ffd0Tn in theZ*V* market by de*
stroviug
trusts  and
.I1i...,BjfJ-JJJ^^_^^^^^^^^^^^ stomach.
bloody I while the products Of the rolling mill
does not spoil the product for the
consumer. Hence thc consumer's
indifference to the fate of the worker.
To the mind of the Sociakst, this
then, is the sobering reflection on the
whole matter. The painting of the
conditions of labor, however graphic,
re.illy does not affect your capitalistically trained reader. He is concerned
for his own private trough only. The
improvement of thc condition of the
workers—and the betterment of human life for all—waits, as ever, for
the efforts of class-conscious, United
workingmen and workingwomen,
*   »   »
Not evcrv reader of ''The Jungle"
is utterly and irredeemably capitalistic. To the partly emancipated, to
the socially minded to the thoughtful,
tlie book will deliver its mesage. Indeed, a writer in a current number of
the Outlook, a student of economics
who has investigated thc conditions
at thc stock yards, arrives at the
^.uiie interpretation that a Socialist
would.    He stops short at the logical
yards   being   ten   hours,   thc   packers
find  it   inconvenient  to  employ    per
sons who have to  be dismissed    before  the  work-day  is  over,"  Mplain*
our authority.
Nor is there much night work, nor
many women employed. The work
of the girls is excessively montonous.
But then again: "Tbe fact that she
does  not work  at  night, however re-
Fstab'.ishment of a great army by-
Canada would lead to increases in
all other American countries. Europe's meddling in Eastern Asia had
roused Japan and imbued her with
militarism. Japan was rousing China
land both would rouse India. Great
i forces in Asia would frighten Europe
and America into assuming still further burdens It was time to cry a
halt to this thing
moves the possibility of those scenes 1—;,-,—.--
■"""""■-"""""I    which I    Soldiers were not needed in Canada
the organizations known as
to  the    day  of
Competition
•turning
       at
,l„. present storm,
j .1.0      The    only   logical
and more nlse>     .',,,„ ,r,..tg is to
way of dealing with the trusts is to
ist and will,
little they lose in
deduction of the need of revolutionary action, of course. The object of
his article is to prove that Packing-
town is the result of the play of economic forces and not the creation of
either the inhumanitv or humanity of
the individual packers. "It is time
to restrict Mr. Armour and the Swifts
to their o.wn share of the shame of
society." Well, the Socialists are
ready. "The stock yards dis-
differ,  except   for  thc
ithe*
quite
tricl   eloes
Of    promiscuous    immorality
have disgraced certain night   working
twine mills in Illinois."
The stock yards district has improved in the last few years, says our
authority "Thc pavements arc better." "One of the two forks of the
Chicago river, running along the
northern exposure of the stock yards,
has been flushed out.'' There are four
parks, placed by the South Park
board, "among the best in the world."
The pay by the hour is higher than in
other industries, but "the average
weekly income is from $5 to $7..so."
Thus it is that in the interpretation
c*f the facts the honest scientific observer and the thinking Socialist
agree. The attack of thc meat trust
as such, considered as a programme,
s ignorant and futile. The conditions in the stock yards are the conditions of large scale capitalist production everywhere. These conditions
will not be changed for the better bv
any system of exposure, no matter
how able Thus far the honest scientist and the Socialist go together,
Thc Socialist adds this logical deduction: Thc ushering in• of the era
when such conditions as exist at
Packingtown shall be but as a past
nightmare.—Tom Lion in Common
Sense.
to suppress insurrections. All rebellions Canada ever had were caused
by the criminal indifference and neglect, if not worse, of the govern
ments of the day, as, for instance, the
Quebec and Ontario revolts of 1837-
iS.'S. the Manitoba rebellion of 1869.
and that of Saskatchewan of 1885. All
were for political principles or agrarian rights, that, after shooting many
men unnecssarily. the governments
recognized. Every drop of blood
could have been saved by the authorities granting beforehand exactly
what they felt compelled to yield after the troubles. The proper remedy
for such troubles as those which called otit the military in Sydney, N. S..
some years ago, and more recently in
Winnipeg, was not the use of the rifle
but public ownership of all public utilities.
Only governments that rest on the
will of minorities needed soldiers to
keep order at home. When majorities once had a chance to have their
will made into law, insurrections
would disappear. When equal opportunities for all obtained in any
country that land would be safe from
internal foes.
The tendencies of the age were, so
far as the masses were concerned, towards peace and fraternity. When
one strong power decided to disarm,
would be welcomed and
The police of Salt Lake, Utah recently "butted in" to a street meeting which was being addressed by
Comrade Lena Morrow Lewis and attempted to stop the sale of literature
to the assembled multitude. Comrade W, S. Dalton, editor of 'The
Crisis,"' however, persisted in disposing of the dangerous reading matter
and was forthwith arrested. Upon
appearing in court the following day
to answer for his crimes the guilty
wretch was agreeably surprised to
learn that, as no charges had been
filed against him, he and his fellow
conspirators were at liberty to
continue iu their infamous purpose of
undermininig capitalist institutions by
selling explosive literature to the callous heathen at a reasonable price.
not
ltock yards odor, from many    otner
districts  in  Chicago,"  says  he.    Mr.
The state is the instrument where-1 he re.      P army-burden
by a ruling clsss U enabled to #dn- S^Skw, Though the   United                     .
tain its control of wealth production •'' ""*-"_ t .gog *,ad no army    OT Unionists in check
and thus hold its slaves in subjection, j States  up ^
"Marshall Field left an estate of
$150,000,000. What does that mean?"
Thius asks a writer in an easier paper. This is easy. The old sun of
a gun left it because he couldn't take
it with him. Just like common mortals, all he temk with him over the
"great divide" was his "individuality."
The fact that he left his material possessions behind will go far to assuage
the grief of his fellow-men over his
demise. Had he taken his estate
with him it would have been unbearable.
"Bill" of Germany and Francis
"Joe" of Austria-Hungary had a confab at some place near Vienna. Their
"majecties (wouldn't that make you
sick?), it is alleged, decided to poke
their meddlesome noses into Poland
and help "Nick," a "majesty" of Russian extraction, hold the Polish revo-
* ,
; : |3V
m
I'i'
I
l
V,
l!   fi-'
i
s-s:
ra_ w_s*__« *■■-*■■■■-* g*tinft*Jvi_t. terns,JOj_____
The to Clarion
Pubtlsfced every Saturday in th*
latereata of ths working claaa n tonal tks Office ot tha Western Clarion.
Flack Block basement, 16S Hastings
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
SUBSCRIPTION:  $1.00 PER ANNUM
Strictly la Advance.
Yearly aubecriptloa cards lu   lota
o* live or more, 75 ceats each.
Advertlelng ratee oa applicatton.
ing class by the arrest and kidnapping of Haywood and his comrades
could be resented in no more effective and fitting manner.
Addreaa all cnmmunleatieae te
The WESTERN CLARION
Box 836,
Vancouver, B. C.
LOST IN THE SHUFFLE.
383
Watch this labal oa your paper. If thla number la on It.
your eubecrtp-oa expires the
aext Issue.
Saturday
July 2i,1906.
HAYWOOD  FOR GOVERNOR.
The Socialists of Colorado in convention at Denver on July 4 nominated Comrade William D. Haywood,
the imprisoned secretary of the Western Federation of Miners,    as    their
candidate   for governor, to be voted
for  at  the  election  next   November.
This nomination is  an excellent one
for two reasons.      In the first place
the nominee is born and bred of the
working class and is thoroughly imbued with the necessity of that class
seizing the machinery of government
and using it to emancipate itself from
the thraldom of wage-servitude. That
is in itself sufficient to warrant    ev
ery  workingman   in  Colorado  doing
his utmost to  secure    his    election.
His election will be assured    if    the
Colorado  working   men     understand
the interests of their class and    arc
true to the convictions that must inevitably  follow.
In the second place the nomination
is an excellent one for the reason
that it implies a confidence in Haywood and his comrades that is more
than warranted by their every act
in connection with the organization
upon behalf of which they are now
suffering persecution at the hands of
the unscrupulous thugs and cowardly ruffians of the present ruling class.
The nomination is still further to be
commended because it is a slap in the
face for that ruling class that could
only be emphasized by the triumph
In all of the hubbub and racket
that is being kicked up over the exposure of what are termed thc filthy
practices indulged in by the packing
establishments of Chicago, there is
one party to the proceedings that has
apparently been lost in the shuffl".
and that is thc exploited human anim-
inal known as the wage-slave. Much
disgust is expressed because floor
sweepings, "bob veal," cholera infected pork and offal has been converted
into table dcclicacies. Some complaint has been voiced because 'an Occasional "working plug' has been
converted into "pure leaf lard," but
even this complaint has been made
more from the standpoint of the consumer of the lard than from that of
the raw material from which it has
been made, ln all the clamor and
accusation being made, thc one fundamental crime from which the entire flood of filth and corruption as
logically flows as does stench and
Hastiness flow from a sewer, is being
overlooked, more especially by those
who are loudest in denunciation of
the packers and their methods. That
crime is the exploitation of labor,
upon which not only the packing industry is built, but all other capitalist industries as well.
The rich stream of profit that has
come to thc meat barons through the
operation of their plants has bceu
coined from the lives of the wage-
slaves in their shambles. Whatever
has gone forth to be sold in the market has gone forth as human flesh
and blood and bone and marrow, crystallized into profit, which is the end-
all and be-all of capitalist production
The exchange value contained in the
"bob veal chicken," the "potted ham"
made from the udders of diseased
cows, and the "leaf lard," rendered
from ''working plug" adipose tissue,
was placed in these various articles
by the labor of human slaves driven
to their loathsome tasks by the lash
of necessity. That filthy practices
should develop under such a process
However    filthy
of the "potted ham" sandwich that
they erstwhile flopped their lips over
with extreme gusto, they may bc trusted to swallow the wage-system entire, regardless of possible evil consequences and swear that it is the
best ever. If anything is ever done
to that system thc wage-mules may
as well make up their minds they
will have to attend to the matter
themselves.
NONE SO BLIND.
"Along with the constantly diminishing number of the magnates of
capital ******* grows the mass
of misery, oppression, slavery, degradation, exploitation; but with this
too grows the revolt of the working
class, a class always increasing in
numbers, and disciplined, united, organized by the very mechanism of
the process of capitalist production
litself."
The above ft-pm chapter XXXII. of
"Capital," hy Karl Marx, is especially recommended for careful perusal by OUT ideological friends who
arc so persisently endeavoring to do
that which is already well towards
completion at the hands of thc machinery and "process of production, I
itself;" and that is the industrial organization and discipline of the working class so that it may be able to
take charge of and operate the machinery of production in its own behalf, when the hour for such a consummation strikes.
That Marx was infallible has never been pretended by even thc most
ardent admirers of his writings. That
hc was of a powerful analytical turn
of mind, and possessed the faculty
of keen insight into the mysteries
of Capitalist production and its attendant Phenomena, none who have
studied his works can well deny. That
he clearly recognized the machinery
and process of capitalist production
to be the factors that compelled the
industrial organization and discipline of the workers is indicated by
the above quotation. The improvements in mechanical devices and  the
Whether a horse was given his
daily feed of oats and hay in return
for his services, or was given the
amount of money necessary for their
purchase, would make little difference
to the horse. This also applies, to
mules of either the four-legged or
two-legged variety.
The news dispatcher report j lots
or partial failure of crops m severn
provinces of Russia. If the- beau
cracy continues its present system
if cultivation, however1, a proli*
bomb crop is assured
si une
CWtehTR* or the World Uhite"
Rth.
This Will help
Capitalists boast of their work as
organizers of industry anel workers
tell how they are going to do it at
some time in thc future. The fact
remains that the machine is the or*
ganizer of industry and both capitalists and workers arc compelled to
obey its mandates.
-7.—1. .- '"" .*■"'<-** In lhe- c„
Sited l<. i.U.-e- a esrcl unite r tin, i„
mouth.      '---e-rrUrtrs uie »«■ u„lr
SJut1*
No.
Phoenix      Minera*    Union    _.
W. I*. M.    Meets   e^s"* I.
evening  at  7,K> o'clock |_ Uu__
inll.     V.   Ingram,  pr,^.11""--
'ickejrd, wrneturv '    '
It i* claimed by well posted shingle
men on the Sound that as a result ol
the recent strike of the shingle weavers the big operators, who hail considerable stock on hand, have cleaned
up from $60,000 to $80,000. Wttat the
strikers cleaned up may be imagined.
Does not even require a lead pencil
with which to figure it e>ut.
The peasants of Veronezh province. Russia, have so completely devastated the estates of the big land
owners that the situation is described
as "hopeless' from the standpoint of
the landlords. This is bound lo
work intolerable hardship upon both
peasant and landlord The former
will now have no one to pay rent to,
and the latter will have to work for
his living.
Comrade Hawthornthwaitc's remark from the platform, while in
Vancouver recently, that he expected
to yet see the red flag of labor float
over the house of parliament at Victoria, has caused some eif the capi
j talist papers to throw numerous tits
Un their fevered dreams tbey actually
ant election of Comrade Haywood to .   '•      "I**. , ..   ■
. " ....        ' producing things   for  use,  it  is  car-
the  gubernatorial   chair *S ■■■•  :    7
logically follows ^^^^^^^^^^^
they may be they can be no more unspeakably vile than the parent crime
of exploiting labor and in thc wake of |cllas-ng ideas as t0 be unable to re.
which   they   inevitably   follow.
Loud-mouthed protestants against
the filthy practices incidental to the
present system of production evidently overlook one fact of prime importance, and one with which they should
become familiar before attempting to
pass judgment. That fact is that
capitalist production is not, and cannot be, carried on for the purpose of
more  complete  development  of  thc Is"   ,hc  *«epressiMe    Jim    shmn.ng
processes   of  production   since  Marx |«P ,he  nA* Pole of  ,hc  b">"  Vlc,on''
time,   have   so   emphasized   the   fact P."'1-1'"*-   UP?n   tm«»   bent     Then
that the machine is the organizer of
labor,  that   it  is  now   readily   recognized by every one  except  those erratic   individuals   who   are   so   busy
The storm that broke loose as a result of the election of Lincoln to the
presidency in i860 was but a gentle
zephyr in comparison to that which
will occur when the awakening proletariat elects its men to the executive chambers of state and natio ■..
Just as the right type of men rose to
the occasion in the early sixties and
the nation was enabled to break the
chains of chattel slavery and secure
to northern capitalism the fruits
of its victory at the polls
so will men with strength
of character, determination and executive ability rise to the occasion
when the hour strikes for the enslaved working class to acclaim its
emancipation Every crisis in history produces the men to interpret
its meaning and enforce its mandate.
A crisis in the history of mankind is
now approaching more momentuous
its import than all those that have
preceded it since the first human slave
was shackled. Countless thousands
realize its approach and interpret its
meaning, and from the rank and hie
of the working class are even now
rising the men who will play no insignificant part in carrying out its
mandate; strong men, clean men,
men of character and men of purpose.
William D. Haywood has already
proven himself such a man. Loyal
to his class, with a clear conception
of its interests and the part it is to
play in the coming crisis; with an
iron will that cannot be broken by
all the venom and persecution heaped
upon him by a conscienceless and
maddened ruling class, Comrade Haywood is peculiarly fitted for election
to the office of governor of Colorado.
However turbulent the life of that
State may have been during recent
years, still,more troublofus times are
to follow unless there be at the helm
of affairs men v/ho understand    the
the knife to its heart when the mo
ment comes. Our Colorado com
rades have made no mistake in    se
a deputation to Idaho to escort him a
to Denver.     The insult to the work
ried on for the sole purpose of pro
ducing profit for the owners. The
sole incentive of capitalist production
is profit. That every filthy and vile
practice that human ingenuity can devise should flourish as a consequence
is as logical as that a compost heap
should breed maggots. No other
result could reasonably, be  expected.
The magnitude of the crime perpe
trated against the workers is illustrated in the packing industry by
the wages recived for their labor. It
has been repeatedly stated that the
wages at Packingtown average from
$5 to $7.50 per wek. This represents
what the workers receive in return
for coining their lives into the fabulous millions of profit that pours into the pockets of their capitalist masters.
The agony, degradation and misery
suffered by these wage-slaves, and
so graphically pictured by Sinclair in
"The Jungle," is the price thc slave
pays for his slavery. It is a heavy
price, but it must be paid in full so
long as the slaves will insist on remaining slaves and continue to stagger along under the tyranny of capitalist rule.
The only crime committed at Packingtown is the crime of human slavery, and that crime is world-wide. It
is the cornerstone upon which capitalist civilization rests. It is the parent of all the degradation, vice, corruption, filth and mistiness that marks
present civilization as a dirty blotch
upon the map of time. The workers
are the victims of this crime. It is
they who suffer in consequence of it.
The Socialist, if he be worthy the
name, will waste no time in sympathizing with those who chance to get
an extra rotten-plateful of capitalist
product shoved under their nose, but
bend   his  energies   to    "arouse
In   attempting  to  pop   off  TrepofT
t.i_-,...K ._.._-. „  .-   .-.-   ._  .- .Ae eh'e-  Russian  Butcher at St. Pe-
cognize  a  fact if  they met  one  face Itersrsurg,   the   revolutionists   made   a
to face. I mistake   and   got   another   cutthroat
While ideologists pursue phantoms jby name of General Kozlov. This
in the shape of "economic organi- ;breach of etiquette in giving Kotlov
zaitions, the 'real industrial organi |» furlough ahead ol his superior of
zation of labor goes on apace in the,ficer, was unintentional, however
shops, mills, mines, factories, etc, of The mistake arose from the striking
^capitalism, each day becoming more (resemblance between thc two. ln
completely equipped to administer |fact all cut-throats look alike to the
the means of production in behalf jrevolutionosts. No further apologies
of the workers when they shall havejnecd be offered. Trepoff should not
disarmed the capitalists by taking j feel offended, his case will no doubt
from them their present control of ibe attended to in due time,
the powers of the State, the only ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
means whereby they are able to re- Comrade I.ucien Sanial persists in
tain   their  mastery   over  thc   men  of delivering  two  column   jabs,  through
the New York "Worker," at thc gar
ulous   gent   who   presides   over   tin
destinies   of   the   daily   and   weekly
"Peep," thc  "party   owned" organ  of
the S. L. P., over his professed know
ledge   of  Marxian   economics.     This
is  a  waste  of both  time  and  energy
on   Sanial's   part   as   it   is   extremely
doubtful   whether   the   presiding  gen
ius of the "Peep" even takes himself
seriously.      Most   assuredly   no   one
else does
_—_—_—_—_—_—_—_________ ll1*-
ot anairs men vfno unacrstana tne infamy perpetrated upon them un- makes wealth for the master. This is
evil consequences of thc rule of cap- der the wage system and a conscious- as effectually accomplished under the
ital and possess the courage to drive neSs of the fact that such infamy will wage-system as it ever was under the
continue so long as the means of pro- feudal or chattcl 8lave systems
duction are under the control of other than thc working class.   Until the
lecting their candidate  lor governor, slaves   become   men   by   ending   the fn  their allegiance and his Cossacks the  h
May the workers  of that  State  tri- rule Gf capital and freing themselves breaking out in open mutiny, it looks provie
umphantly  elect  him,    and    having from exploitation, they will continue as though the Czar's game was about order
elected him see that he is seated in to be lost in the general    shuffle of finished.      Thc sole reliance    of ty- kept
thev throw another fit, and so on, ad
infiitum, ad  nauseam.
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in convention aaaembled, affirm our
allegiance to and -rapport of the principle** and program of the International revolutionary working claaa.
Labor producM all wealth, ami to
Ubor lt ahould Justly belong. To
Uie owners of the meana ot wealth
production belongs the product of
labor. The preeent economic aye-
tain la baaed upon capitallat ownership of the meana of wealth production: therefore all the products of
labor belong to the capitallat clean.
The capitallat la maater; tbe worker
la alave.
So long aa the capitalists remain
ia poaaoaaion of the reins of government all the powers of the atate will
be uaed to protect and defend thoir
profterty rtghta In the meana of
wealth production and their control
of the product of labor.
The capitalist ayatom glvea to tke
capitalist en ever-ewellintr stream of
profit a, end lo the worker an ever-
Increasing measure* of misery and
degradation.
The intermit of the working claaa
lies ia the direction of netting Itaelt
free from capitallat exploitation by
the abolition of the wag* system. To
accomplish thla nucee-dtatea the
transformation of capitalist proper- I
ty in the means of wealth proctuc- '
tion into collective or working- lose
property.
The trrepreesihla conflict of int.r-
eeta between the capitalist and the
worker la rapidly culminating la a
struggle for poanessloa nf tho power
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure*- It by political
action.   This ia the clam stni«_*l<*.
Therefore, we call upon alt work-
era to organi/1- under the banix-r of
the Socialist Party of Canada with
the object of conquering the public
powers for the purpose of wet tin. up
and enforcing the economic program
of tbe working class, es .follow*
Tbe   transformation  aa   rapidl
Kelwurel  iliril,     A   I*   RitM.   I     j
OtO.   K.   ll^^*
BIRO, BRY00N-JA6K ft Mc-Mtus
» A ftui-fllr.lt*-*. SOLICITORS, 1T(^
Trl. 821*.  P.O.  Ito-., 9.13.
T_4  Hastings St.
ghT Every I .ocal of tht Sodal_tl
Party of Canada ahould ruB , JJJS
under this head. $1.00 -*, „„,.. '
Secretariea pleaae note.
I'.rllinli < oleiieililii I To'twlul Kahijij,,
'"-*. Socialist part* stem
e.-ts every alternate*^
ada.
day.   !>
vifi.
Me
<;
KcKensle, Beerstsry, „,,
Viinc ouver.  H. <.'
Dominion EUOuUve   Otaamltlsa Ihi
clallst    Tarty e,r   Canada    j-^j
••very    alternate   Tuesday,   j. ej
Morgan.    (Jeoretary,    (II Banal
Street, Vancouver, 11 c
1 .Kill    «. lllle-olHe-l-.   NO,   I,  S
a.I.e.        i:. 1 * *rt>   -     m««l
llondn) '     .lux ui   in
i- nt 1 _-
p tea}
■xleiuart*-*--,
tngteelde ni»ck, su Camels Strut
(room i. eeoottd boot, K-tuc**.
Uonal meetings every Bsadsi tt 1
P in., ll. Sullivan Hun. Cci'dc-i*.
stri-e't. Frederic i*err> teuttaj,
Ilox MS, Vancouver.  It  c\
LcH-ai Toronto, s. P. „i c—*>*<**_,.
• .nd ami fourth Tttsadaya, nt^em I
Headquarter*,  III •»  Queen stm*
Want.   W, Dale*. Sot larj  41 Hit*.
Jewish  Hrane li me-e-ts ever,'
Street.
Sunday night.
Killl
hi:
l.e
ocal Winnipeg, S p of (*. me****
every 6r»l an.l third Minds* m tk*
Voice- office, bttildina 211 Rosen »»•>,
lo-.io. a.m. J Co* ■-.-,. Sra-i_j.
Winnipeg Ma
.tt
3_fi
Princesi  Street,
labor,	
It wonld be well for our ideological friends to get in the habit of
dealing with facts rather than continue chasing phantoms, always remembering that there are none so
blind as those who will not see."
Though workers sweat in making
wealth, capitalists take it without
turning a hair.
Competition is an excellent thing
when we buy, but we do not approve
of it when we have anything to sell.
The only difference between the
Liberal and Conservative parties is
that one is out of office while the
other is in. It is all thc same to thc
workingman, whichever party is in
or out.
It has been the boast of the packers that they canned the entire hog
but the squeal. The way they are
howling against the exposure of their
business practices proves positively
that they also can squeal.
Nothing could be more humorous
than to hear a two-legged animal,
whose earthly possessions arc kmi-
ted to a cheap suit of "hand mc
down" clothes, a roll of blankets and
a dirty neck, boasting about "my
country."
the  essence of  slavery    lies    in  thc
uue.
»t,„ fact that the master reaps the benefit
slaves"  to an  understanding of    the oi   tnc   s,avcs   labor       The     ,,lave
•¥•»_•>_*._       ss-_ftl.1T.       fs-teP       *Ut%
With his crack regiments wavering
■ OIU-t-D      HOTV      I.IOV1V       «.*u-      ee-.tfmmm.mw      ... -->- |||       tllrtll      UiV      W'tMIMH^     %.tfS0et, **_-I.WI      I UV Willi      HI'S     t-lrtLT.      I *C*S 111 IC 11 IM      Wrl V (Till £ 1HC      Cily      CUllUr       IU      WIC ITl HC I HI rOTT!,
lecting their candidate  for governor,  slaves   become   men   by   ending   the  in  their allegiance and his Cossacks the  hired swill barrel,  and hc  must
s. *t- - '   *■'      ~t    ,U...     Co....     ,*'.^     I        _- •-... i    / .* .1 1     t ,-.. .   •       _          _...__ .... .. •          .        .    ..... .
 ___,,  to be lost in the general    shuffle of finished.      Thc sole reliance    of ty- kept up to a point that  will enable
office, even if it is necessary to send things.      Though    reformers      howl rants and despots  is  their    soldiery, the publisher to collect  his    regular
against the practices of the big capi- Once this is lost, freedom comes into
talists and even gag at the memory her own.
or-
in-
"The "Great Jehovah" created this
earth for workers to toil anel spin in.
not for shirkers to rob anrl exploit
in." This chunk of wisdom in the-
form of a bald assertion comes from
a writer in the current issue of "The
Industrial Worker." It does n'd appear to square with thc facts, how
ever,. As workers now "toil and
spin," and shirkers "rob and exploit,"
[tt would seem the "Great Jehovah"
created thc earth for both purposes.
As the shirkers seem to derive a
greater profit from their particular
calling, than do thc workers from
theirs, it would appear that the interests of the shirkers were thc more
carefully considered in the scheme
of creation. Not having "Jchovahs"
ear we cannot confirm the suspicion,
however.
An ultimatum to their employers
has been issued by 50,000 workers in
thc building trades of New York City,
with a threat of striking utiles their
demands are complied with. It is
reported that large numbers of strike
breakers are being brought into the
city to bc -used in case of emergency.
It is now up to the I. W. W brethren to show that the overstocked
conditions of thc labor market that
makes possible recruiting of strike
breakers is due to craft unionism.
The city editor is the   maelstrom,
de a given  amount of filth    in
that the circulation    may    be
tne  pumisner  10  eonect   nis    regular ,,y »,,ieru;--*--r,llminsry.dvi^fr«.  cim
dvertising rates from the department »*-*niwate. Oar levratar'a Adviser sent upon
r     . rrctiiMt. Marion ft Marion, New York I.lfclilde.
stores.-—Exchange. uoutmi i uud Washiuatuu, n.c, t.a.A.
aa possilite*. of capitalist iiroperty In
the me-_ns of wealth production  <n»-■
tural  r.'s.nirees,  factories!,  mills, rail- j
ways,  etc.,)   into  the collective  property of the working class.
2. Thorough and democratic
ganir.ation and maaairemi*ni ot
dustry by the workera.
3. Tbe e-ataMlshment. aa epeediiy
ae possible, of production for urn-
instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when In mthce
shall always and everywhere* until
the present system ia aboli_h**-d.
make the answer to thla queetloa Ita
guiding mis ot conduct. Will this
lejrlslaMoa advance the tntcreete of
the working claaa and aid the work-
era in their class atruggle against
capitalism? If It will, the Socialist
Party Is for it; if It will not. the
Socialist Party ia absolutely oppae-
ed to It.
In accordance with thla prim-pli*
the Socialist Party pledgee Heeif to
conduct all the public affaire placed
In Its handa in such a manner aa to
promote tbe tntareeta of the working claae alone.
I -1.1 Ml-lo. I   I 111 I,
The VOICE
llu- e Mil, »!  |jil»,r
l*iiI ,-r In I :i;iinlii
Always a tearUwa ••tiieuimi is
ih.1 cause* of labor
For on«» dot lei tin paper »'!!
!>.- '.-iii 1 1 an> address for on*
yeur. J
\Ve*rkli"i*m-*n eif nil BOtjntrlei
win se.oii    reeocntae   th*- fan
lb.el   they     must     support ->f"l
i- i'i   Ibe-lr   lubor  pap* re
l.*WKt>    KVKHV    PltlltAT
tin* foam I'liMi-iiiHK to., ni.
tt lnnl|» _,    Man.
APPIJCATION FOH MKM-
IlKltSHIP IN TIIE SeOCIAL-
IST PARTY    OF CANADA.
I.     THE     UNDEHSKJNED.
in-roby   apply   for  membership
In Local
 {-Socialist   Party   of
Canada.
1 recognise th<> abut stru*nri<-
b •! wi'i-n tin* capitalist cluss and
the working clusa to be a
struggle for political auprem-
uc-y. I. e„ possession of the
reins of government, and which
neceasit'itc'S the organisation of
the workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist claaa.
If admitted to membership.
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter Into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote nnd all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Socialist Party
of Cunada only.
Applicant	
Addrese	
Occupation	
Age	
Citizen	
Admitted to Local ISO..
 Chairman.
 Itec-Sec.
*—.
►—et
ATENTS
We solicit ths business of Manufacturers,
Reglnsers snd others who rvslise thssdvliablP
ily ol imvliig their Patent business transacted
'vUspem.   Prellminarysclviceiree.   Charires
rxTrrnle.   Our Inventor's Advisor sentunon
Miners'Magazint|
Peibliahed  Weakly by iht
Wutara reacratlaa II iiMfi
A  Vigorous  Advocate of l*awt
Cause.
Clear-Cut aad Acgreeslve.
Per Year $1 OO        81a Months, m
Addraee:
MINERS' MAUAZISE.
Denver. Colorado.
WANTED:      by      Chicago   w»
ho-jae, special raprenenletl**** ■
each province in Canada. I»_f
$20,00 end exjionses paid ****2
Expense money advencgd._Wj
nose succeeeful. position P*■*"""__ 1
No investment rerpilrod ^"T*" I
experience not oeseatiai t* **P*
ing.    Address
Qeneral Manager.  I'l-i lakt't-
Chicago. HI. ■*■•••*■
THE  WESTERN  CLARION
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75-
Bundles  of  35   or  morn C*-',,'V#
one address,  for a period Of ."*"3jl
months or more at the rate «
cent per copy.
Patronize our advertiser*.
eo vEAnr
IXPBHIINCI
Dcai****'-..
CoPvmoH"*:;,
Anronsundine s »»*^ffldJ^$ff«l2
i.sleklr ssnsrtsln onr oi>lnle>" (_''Vun>ii>>'','f"'.
I r-JinlTeinls pre _«l.lr •>»'«'"SfiLV „n Mf*
llnn.»lriml»e*ollfle1oe,ll_   M»**DB'J''»  ^l-iii*-
•cmt fros. eflejssl »**mttVtm*i'»'«.'   „*»!■■
l-slsnu tsken t"";«_«Jiu,1,i',f,
•prrleil ncelirs, without ohsryo, ■'■ •**.__*.
Scknifflc my®
A handsomslf lllsstrstsrt wejllt !,'*">.-."•
ecilstlcen of shr--el.li l«" ■.''*■';'; j ,,,w.d«**-*2
rssr: four months, »L Sola W»Lj       *nTt I
,«atur<
irrlaV lijUi h\y _t, 1906.
the wEsttatu aunio-i. v__tta6tnn_*. Mtraiaft bgtw*4
THEBt.
I PARTY MATTERS
i
9
AND ANNOUNCEMENTS 3
Theee columns  have- tiee-n  placed at
,.„. disposal  of  the  Parly.   H**« r.-tarles
LOOaU are   reeiuested   le.    lake  ad-
vent IK'"   Ot   lh-,'*l   '"•   •**   ■"•■"•■Vttl**.   **♦*-
,MiK conditions  In  thoir  re-sp.-e-tlve-
Imallt"'*1-    CoinmiinleatlonH uneb-r  tills
,,   shOUld   l>e   lielelr«'BH«-cl   tei   the   DO-
  '•—      IjO-
bssc
PROVINCIAL   EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE.
linlon or Provincial Secretaries,
" i secretaries nre fnrther retyiastad to
'" k ((, these colimins for aiinimnc.-
msnti from the Executive Committees.
Hv this means thi* business of the
p^y will bo facilitated nnd the Do-
...mum ••<•*- Provincial secretaries
relieved of «*■ "lUe ot ,ht' lm■r-*-lHl"K
burden of corrosi-ouelei.e.*.
TO STUDENTS OF  SOCIALISM
In
order to afford comrades an
P,Sy access to standard works on
Sodal.st... the committee hai decided
t lay m • -,ock °Lf •_"*'„"• m Tk*
fallawini i" <■*•■ *••*••**• ina will be
[enT^t-ptli to any address at
orkes qootfd. Two-cent stamps
will be accepted for sums not exceed-
ina li cents:
Th.  Communist     Manifesto,
Karl   Marx   .,    ...0 cents
Socialifffli   Utopian   and  Scientific,  Marx  &   Knerels... 10 cents
u/s_e     Labor    and    Capital,
K.ri  Marx ... Scents
philosophy  <>i  Socialism,  A.
M   Simons     5 cents
Srcialifin and Farmers. A. M.
'  Simons    ,      •• S cents
other works procured to order.
-Cl-
DOMINION   EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE.
Vancouver B. <.', July 17. 1906.
Present; Comrades EVttcbard,
inlet, McKenrie, Kingsley and ll)c
Secretary.
yintttCS  read  anel  approved.
The- following correspondence was
rod and dealt with
From  Claresholm,   Winnipeg,   Her
Im ami Predrickton locals concerning
party  matters.
Prom Local Meuicit, Mo, enclosing
\< ir  of   Compliments   em   restoration
II .\ppcal   to  Reason"  to  mailing
privileges
Prom the International socialist
bureau,  Brttaeelle, enclosing reports
The financial re-port for the six
months ending June .totb, was sub
milted   and   ordered   to   be   published
III the "Clarion "
Receipts—
Claresholm   Local,  stamps   . . .$1 00
Winnipeg   Local,   sumps   and
supplies	
Berlin Local, stamps   	
Fredericton   Local,   stamps   ..
Regular business meeting. July 17.
Present Comrades Kingsley (or-
ganUcr), Morgan, Dales, Pritchard
and the secretary. Minutes of the
previous meeting read ami approved
Com. K. 11. Phillips admitted as mem
her al large. Communication-, rent)
from Vancouver local, Fernie local,
Northport, Wash., Qroville, Wash..
Comrades Havythorntliwaite, Parker
Williams, 6, Upton and J. !•'. John-
ion, Local Vancouver's nomination
of place of convention, having been
found irregular, was referred back to
local. Receipts: l-'rrnie local, $5:
Vancouver local. $3.50; E. II. Phillips,
dues, $3: contribution! to central campaign fund, $1; contributions to or-;
ganizing fund, $29; total, $40.50. Adjournment.
HALF-YEARLY REPORT.
Receipts  to  June  15,  I'jofi:
General fund    $100.4-;
Organizing fund        640*-!
Total receipts $17.14*5
Total   expenditures    6305
Balance   $ioo..-;o
CAMPAIGN FUND.
It has been decided by the Provincial
Executive to build up a central fund
to be used in generally assisting in the
coming campaign and more especially
f"r the purpose of printing rind distributing campaign literature.
All comrades wishing to collect
for this fund should at once apply-
to the provincial secretary for a receipt book. No effort should be
spared in building up this fund.
The following amounts received up
to date:
Previously   acknowledged     $4.00
Two   Clarion   Subs   (E.   Upton
andC.  J.   Cox        I 00
Pocatello, Idaho, July. 16.
Western  Claaon,
Vancouver,  B.  C.
Dear  Comrade:    My  first   meeting
in Idaho last night convinces me that
this State is. thoroughly alive and the
Socialists will put up an exciting campaign.      The   case   against   Comrade
Dalton, editor of the Crisis, for selling books   at   my  street  meeting    in
Salt   Lake   City  July  8  was  dismiss
ed without even coming to a trial.
I bad a very novel experience at
Bingham Canyon, Utah, which is worthy of notice. Bingham Canyon is
a large mining camp. The town is
Riven miles long and thirty-five feet
wide. The Socialists arc in control
of the town and when I arrived there
I found ihat lhe busiest men in arranging for my meeting were two of
the policemen and the superintendent
ol the street and water works. The pc
iff the
tire to .'raw
Total
I).
 $ 500
G. McKENZIE.
Secretary.
VANCOUVER LOCAL, NO. 1
Vancouver local No. i. regular business meeting, July l6, Com. Dales in
the chair. Minutes of previous meeting read and approved. One application for membership received. W.ir-
were  drawn   for *** " ^^^^^™
lice toucheti^—^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
the crowd.      I   made  my  headquarters at the police department of.ke,
where I found all the S'icialist papers
and   National   l'ul!eti**i  on   the    eiffic-
desks,  and   had   it   not   been   for the;
sien, "Police Head'jaurters,"   on   the
door and the presence of two or thr-*e
men wearing a star I should have taken the place for a Socialist    headquarters      I   asked  the   superintendent of streets and water works what
they had ben able to accomplish and
he said not very much, but enough to
show   the   superiority   of  a  working
class  administration    over    business i
men's, even under the capitalist system.    More taxation money has been
collected under the present administration than any other.      If anv favors are shown in the matter ot water taxes it is to the poor widows or
washerwomen.      A   year ago July  4
there were 80 arrests and a large expense   incurred   through   the   riotous
behavior of citizens.     This year onlv
three arrests were made for slight offenses  and   everybody  pronounced   it
the most orderly and decent celebration  ever  held  in   Bingham   Canyon.
Jingo patriotism was a  scarce article
in   Bingham   this     last     fourth       A
short time ago when the men where
on  strike the mine owners asked for
special favors from the police and tbe
clw'ef replied:  "If  your lives  are    in
danger we will protect you. but when
it   comes  to  doing  anything  against
thc workers in their efforts to secure
better conditions we refuse."
When the working class elect men
to represent their class then    police
men everywhere will talk like this instead   of   arresting   and   clubbing  Socialist speakers.
My literature sales for eleven meetings in July while working under lhe
direction of the National were $77 55
1 leave tonight for Butte. Mont.,
when- I have a week's work. Yours
for the revolution,
LENA  MORROW  LEWIS
Yesterday was the anniversary of
the shooting of President Garfield by
the anarchist, socialist and un-American Guiteau—who waylaid President Garfield at the Baltimore & Ohio
depot at Washington, D. C, on July
2, 1881, and shot him in the back, as
most cowards do shoot, and from
which wound Garfield died on the
totb of September following,—Seattle
Times.
Guiteau was merely a disappointed
Republican office seeker that went
"batty" over his lack of success in
landing some political plum. Twenty-
live years later hc is discovered to be
'anarchist, socialist and un- \meri-
can," whatever such a combination
might be. All of which goes to
show that truth is mighty and will
prevail. Doubtless in time it will he
made  clear that Judas  Iscariot wore
red necktie. At any rate, the Seattle Times' brand of truth cannot be
designated as "un-American.*' It cer-
itainly flourisheth in that favored land
like a coon in a watermelon patch.
 o
®
9
®
9
9
9
9
AGENTS WANTED       i
YOU CAN MAKE A LIVING ANO HELP THE CAUSE   g
BY SELUNG 9
THE JUNGLE
ii
;
9
9
Peasants near Sungursk, Russia,
evicted a big landholder from his estate ana informed him that they proposed to harvest the crop* for themselves. This is indeed outrageous.
Very much so; very mucn so.
Some who started early are now selling ten
* copies a day; and it pays from fifty to eighty cents
9 a copy. Send to us for circulars and wholesale
•g-. prices.    The book is now ready for delivery.
!'< =
THC JUNGLE PUBLISHING CO.,
NEW YORK.
9
9
% BOX 2004   	
9 X
FROM  THE  SLAVE PENS
$6 em
Adjournment,
HALF YEARLY REPORT.
l.v pen.', tuns   lo  June  .to.   l<f<>.
Printing **' **■    por,
««** ""■■*•     iooo&o
Vlve-rtiMiig    •     -. ;__
Secretary'!     and    committee a I*-******
expenses   (postage,   etc.)....
To Toronto local   organizing
tour (O'Brien'a)  	
_. ,*-,   rants   were  drawn   i<>r  $to  rent   and
i mlhee*l(|ttarteri account 50 cents.     Th**
1 *o|©b«o_   Landing  meeting  committee
reported progress and requested   all
Comrades   who  intend   Ke)!!))*   to   hand
in their names to thc secretary without delay      The auditing conunrttte
reported  the books of the  provincial
secretary    correct       Revelstoke    and
KellCUl   were  nominated  for  place of
convention, Comrade  Stebbings  wa*
elected  chairman  for     Sunday    night
of  July   22       Financial     re*
.  Literature sales for week, $.'<;?:
.   $_"5;   collection   Sunday   even-
July 15. $,170; donation from
16 0?
ecleel
meeting
2000
,tti$.SS
comrade,"  $1 i
received      and
1
'total.   $1140        •*■'•" r,'
meeting    adjourned.
S I
ver:
T. H. Elliott
campaign fund, local Vancou
\V.   M.   r-arlane
1'cr P. Garvic—
Total ■ 	
Receipts to J.mr jo. lOOt): g,j*>R   Stephens
Bj  ,alc of due stamps   .....-■-* **J*,\\\
Itv sale of   supplies  and  char-
ter  lees    .*;■■    •**2S
Contributions     to     orga.V7.tng
fund •■     'I',", it   Rurke
Contributions to "Appeal leaf-  .^Bg" slave
let" fund   __fj_ Broderick
$155-55
Balance from "9-8     ■**___
2.00!
500
' 50
1.00
1.00
S°
5°
s;.oo
Total receipts
Total receipts
.$lX| 40
.   U5 55
fiala
on luml   * <*»5
POR THE SINEWS OP WAR
As  will  lee- a.*en   Kood  "•«•  ha*  been
ri-icie .if the moneys wbecrtbea **" r,-r
lo the organising Mod* Further or-
ganlslni tours nro un.l.r oontempl mon
If fwmls are available. Further »u«>-
M-rlptloM are therefore un-e-nll> BO-
ii.ite-,1 aa, with the great int.M.nt tw
i» at praaant i"'i"ic manltaatea in --ei-
cl.ills.iu. no better time OOUld bs WUno
for spreading    the propaganda    »"'■
bullellng up the .nani.l_.ilon.
HOMINION  onaANIZINO  FUND.
The following lums have been   received to date: i'>3 50
Batanoa on bund    r 00
It.  Wuele.   rent   llniv'-y     0'w
Tolnl *
Forward all ooratrtbuttoM to
J.  0.  MORGAN. Sec .
551 Barnard bl.
Vancouver, B. C.
___ __<>	
PROVINCIAL    ORGANIZING
Last  Sunday evening's propaganda
meeting was addressed by Comrade
Geo. Dales, who. speaking on th.
"Social Contract" clearly and forei-
bl*- pointed out the urgent necessity
of a change in the relations of nun
to man, anad demonstrated that no
attempt at improvement can be a
success unless based on a complete
change in our social relations by tbe
abolition of class properly and wage-
i servitude
Frederick   Perry.  Secretary.
Nanaimo, B. C.
Dear Comrade.— I was walking
alonx the beach the other day and
came to the Indian Reserve. It wa*
a pretty picture. Here were people
that were enjoying themselves. They
were basking in the sun, and swimming and boaung. Their horses and
cattle were lying around taking it
easy. All land is held in common
among them.
Then 1 wandered along to the
slave-pens of thc Western Fuel Co.,
nd it ws certainly a sight. Here
were the poor broken down slave-
going down into the bowels of the
earth to be poisoned with foul gases
nnd bad air, fur tt costs too much lo
keep the air courses clear. 1 *.tooJ
I bv and watched the slaves answering
to their numbers, for you know, they
have all lost their names in up-to-
date  concerns,  nowadays.
And  this  is  what  we  call  civilization!
I read in the "Herald' this morning that thc peasants in Russia are
killing the landed proprietors. 1 wonder how long it will be before the
slaves in this country get up courage
enough to do likewise.
Oh, how long?
AROUSE   YE  SLAVES.
Having been authorized by
tbe publishers of the Western
Clarion to receive subs at the
regular rate $1.00 per year
and apply one hall ot all money
received to the Central Campaign Fund, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
, this fund by sending your subs
direct to me. Cither renewals
i or new subs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yours for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
TO "CLARION" READERS.
Many complaints are reaching this
office from subscribers who fall to get
their papers. In some Instances there
are several complaints from the same
locality. As every subscriber's namo
and the number of paper with which
his subscription expires are kept continually in type and the mailing list
printed therefrom each we*ek, after all
i-eirrectlons, alterations and additions
are made up to date, the frequency of
these complaints Justifies the suspicion that postal employees are often
Kullty of reprehensible laxity in the
performance of their duties, even if
they be guilty of nothtng worse.
The publishers of the Western Clar-
earnestly   request  any  subscriber
'ii
SEWING MACHINE.
IOUER ftEAMNO.
HIGH GtAOl.
ion    ^	
who  does  not  receive  his    paper    to
promptly notify this   office.     Hissing
eoples will be supplied at once and necessary steps taken to locate the rea- I
son for such non-delivery and to avoid j
its repetition in the future
I lie- public aiion uf |M'riiKli«*uls of
e-\ory (l<-*j**ription is a specialty with
i In- --clarion." Telephone or write
.or estimates. ICvery facility for such
work, anil promptiu**.*e unci gali-sfaetion
guarantee*!.
Five Clarion sub. cards-
Five yearly sub. eards-
-$3.75.
-$3.75.
by buying __§
reliable,_ooe*_,
high grade sewing nre—*■**■*_*»!
STRONGEST GUARANTEE.
National Sewing Machine Ok.
SAN FRANCISCO. CAL.
maaaag       ~ __^___^__^__^b__J        PACTORY AT BELVtOEBE ILL.
Five Clarion Sub. Cards—$3.75. ] Hudson's Bay Company, Agents.
0	
Victoria
Advertisers
 o
THEM - AND
COMMERCIAL
PRINTING
PATRONIZE
TELL THEM WHY
AMONG   THE   WORKERS.
July «, 1906.
S    P.
Read Island, B. C
Mr. 1). G. McKenxie,
Provincial Secretary, S. P, t
Hear S»r: Reading your notice In
the Clarion today, 1 thought 1 would
renew my subscription so as to do .1
little in help the campaign fond. 1
bave just embarked in a small venture in the way of poultry Farming,
and (or the present am rather ikeery
of using my little accumulation, but
when 1 net Ofl my feet 1 expect to
help more liberally again.
Taking up land np here is moving
backwards historically, but if we lose
some of the advantages ol civilisation
we escape most of its disadvantages.
1 believe this district is almost unknown tb the comrades of ll. C
propaganda work ever having
attempted, at least
pices of the party.
to reign supreme amongst tin
The
"Colliers'' is of thc opinion that
"the postponement of the trial of
Moyer and Haywood will probably
result in good." Speaking further
it remarks that "thc postponement until autumn is involved in legal technicalities whieh it would bc folly for
us to discuss, and in mutual recriminations, but we are inclined to believe that the trial will Ultimately he
more satisfactory for the thinking*
time  which will now  elapse."
This will no doubt prove very soul
satisfying to the men who arc snf-
ioriiii* these long weary months of
imprisonment although according to
the alleged ethics of capitalist
they are presumed to be
Clime The imprisoned men hav
at all times since their arrest been
ready for immediate trial At the
time eif their arrest the Idaho eiffi
eials bombastically proclaimed that
they were in possession of
■•'•c-rwhelniing   evidence   of   the   guilt
Colonial Bakery
39 Johnson  St.,  Victoria.  B.C.
UmON-MAOC BREAD HMD CMCf
Delivered to any  pert ot tha city.   Aak
Driver   to   call.     'Phone  849.
Do you know we sell from 10 to 25
cents cheaper than our competitors.
law
innocent ul
TRY
HASHES' FAIR
71
•rex**- -*-•■ cir^--fc****>-E
Street, Victoria. •■ fc
ONE KINO • THE BEST
aamtmmmaaaaaaamaaaaaaaaaaaaammaam
TELEPHONC 824
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦#♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦>
* —«.-« t»__A__   **T7cl J
this
their
under   the
Whiskey
amounts received up j^JXfo? it nl.m«
The following
a. ("!-,e: i      n..l-nowle<ltted     $J7 5° |!,,c
Previously   atknowitngeu i «j getting
C,   Donner    •    ••; •-•• ~ L„ do*.
Comrade in Quebec  (per J.  I. «     bB,ance, ,
Johnson)  ' ™ "still, although drink is sn cli a de-
E, H    Phillips '. .........* f°?i    •M":, „,u towards thc bigger* as a
,    no
been
aus
setns
^^^^     2,000
majority *>{
11, ™-.i^^^^^^_^. and when the
al saloon pirates cannot succeed in
all the wages earned, the men
to Vancouver  and  blow
  mat
of     the     accused     men. If
overwhelming   evidence   was   in
n and the accused men we--.-
immediate trial, it is dilli
what good could
from a "postponement" of ,h»
"These "legal technicali'V-"
which "Colliers" considers it ''oily"
to discuss are merely the snbl
resorted to by tl os* whi have \ »
case, in order 'o bolster it" te.*"'
tention,  and,  if  possible,   iithvvft
"Legal technic-r-i'-s" Slid  )t;>-
total strangers to •.."tell ether
08SCSS1
resdy  f*r,r
cult to imagine
come
tnis"
w
I
TELEPHONIC B779
HENRY BEHNSEN & Co
MasilKtsrtr si "
HAVANA
CIGARS
Ns • Ceatrs St.
VICTORIA, ll.'
L
 THB	
BIG  g Cl AR
Kli is I KKK 11
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HAROLD BURNETT
NEWS AGENT.
law.
lice are
down
in
Hawthornthwaite
in disguise
house
cure  ^^^
Campaign   >■  'aaaaaaaammmmJaaaa
now ready and will he furnished   to
elocals at io cents each.
renewal
nally.
IF YOU WANT TO KNOW
What the Party Is .loin* on thc Pacific
Coast  eif  the  United  Stutes,
HKAD THK
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United Hatters of North America
w«a«« —— -     ...nc   „„_   .„   It
p. 0. Box 444,  Victoria, B. C.
When you are buying a FOR HAT aee to it.
that the Genuine Union Label is sewed In lt. IT
a retailer has loose labels In his possession and
offers to put one In a hat for you, do not Patronise
him. Loose labels In retail stores are counterfeits.
The genuine Union Label Is perforated on four
edges, exactly the same as a postage stamp. Counterfeits are some times perforated on three edges,
and some times only on tvvo. John B. Stetson Co..
of Philadelphia. Is a non-union concern.
JOHN A. MOITITT. President, Orange, N. ».
MA11TIN IiAWIeOIt, Secretury, 11 Waverljr Viae*,
New York.
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1 t*Vl
THE WESTERN CLARION,   VANOOtTVgtt.   -t&ITIS-. COLUMBIA.
Saturday
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B'P
*
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I NEWS AND VIEWS
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s
AS GIVEN OR EXPRESSED BY SOCIALISTS THROUGHOUT THE DOMINION   „
Edited by R. P. PHJl'l'lPlECE, to whom all oorreepondenoe for this department ahould be nddi-csi-cd.
IN THB THROES
OF REVOLUTION.
The Second of a -Series of Articles,
Written for Clarion Readers, by
Com. John Cloak, of Bellingham,
Relatjing His Experiences, Observations and Conclusions as a Lifelong Factory Hand.
Food being produced in ample abundance, our next step is to ascertain if
possible that no lack prevails in the
line of clothing and shelter Let us
consider the production of cloth One
hundred and fifty years ac,r> every tool
used in carding, spinning or weaving
of woolen or cotton were hand tools.
The wool was taken from the back of
the sheep by hand. Cotton was
gathered and seeded by hand The
electric sheep-shearer has now replaced the hand tool with an increase of
600 per cent By hand 150 pounds j
of wool could be carded in a long day
of 15 hours With the power carder
15 to 18 tons receive a much more
even quality of work With the old
hand spinning wheel 2 hecks of
yarn was a big day's work With the
invention of James Hargrave's spinning jenny, which spins he filling, and
the spinning frame invented by Rich
ard Arkwright, the child was admitted into Che factory nd wastes reduced, while the work of a century
was performed by a child in one year. L
All other processes, coloring, printing
and dyeing, have kept an even pace
in the manufacturing of cloth. In
the making of garments also a revolution has taken place in a much
shorter period of time, for it is only
73 years since the first sewing machine was invented by Elias Howe.
To this has been added steam and
electricity to drive them with increased speed that crowds months of human labor into hours.
The great clothing manufacturers
of New York city, who have reduced
the manufacturing of clothing to a science, have established statistics of
sizes of clothing worn by the inhabitants of every state and territory in
the country, so that they are enabled
to resmily supply clothing for the
people of any section, not only of
the particular kinds required, but in
just the proper sizes. The manner
of cutting of cloth from the bolt is
also changed to an extent almost beyond one's comprehension. We have
the grreat stamps that punch out a
dozen pairs of overhalls or shirts at
each revolution. A folding machine
prepares the goods for the cutting
machine. An adjustable pattern is
used for making suits of heavy material and an electric knife is used with
a thin, slender blade set vertically in
the implement and working up and
down like the needle of a sewing
machine but much faster, 2,000 per
minute. There is a handle at the back
which can be grasped as easily as a
pair of shears could be held and by it
the knife blade can be guided in any
direction. They lay down upon the
cutting table many thicknesses of
cloth and the pattern upon the top.
The workman then uses the electric
knife, cutting all at once. Some idea
of the work can be had from the following table: The capacity of the
knife is 80 thicknesses of denim, 80 of
white duck, 60 of heavy flannel, 40 of
trousers cloth, 20 of chinchilla goods.
With the aid of these machines 30,-
000 garments are made each month
by 340 emoloyees, many of whom do
not work upon the garments but act
as foremen, clerks, etc. This means
nearly 4 garments per day to each
employee.
Fifty years ago it required eight,
ten and twelve months to properly-
tan leather with hemlock and oak
_bark in large vats. m Today with   t*he
the finishing department an equal
amount of increase in production is
recorded. The man with a hand
plane could tongue and groove 200
fet in a day. With a duplex matcher 60,000 feet can be finished with
four men. With the mortising, boring and molding machines, doors and
window sash are made in such large
quantities that an hour accomplishes
what formerly required months. The
making of the shingle is also reduced. Sixty years ago marks the beginning of machine production of this
article. Up to that time all shingles
were rived by hand with a frow and
mallet. A good river received $2.25
per thousand. Stx hundred to one
thousand shingles was a good day's
output. Then came the first machine—the swing. With a portable
engine 10 to 15 thousand could be
cut in a day and the price of cutting
fell to $r.25 per thousand. Following this machine came the Hood machine, which cut 40,000 to 50.000 per
day and the price to the cutter fell
to 17 cents per thousand. Then came
the double block machine, which has
crippled more men than the war of
the rebellion. It increased thc product to 120,000 per day and the price
•ell to 4 1-2 cents per thousand to the
worker. Now we have the "ten
block,'' so named because it cuts two
shingles from each of the ten bolts
carried by the machine at each revo-
'ution Its product runs from 200,-
000 to 250,000 shingles per day and
the worker gets two and a half cents
per thousand. Although the workman with the "ten block" does two
and one half centuries' work in one
year as compared to the man who
used hand tools, yet the pay received
for his year's work has no greater
power to supply his wants.- His
wages in no way keeps pace with his
increased productive powers. Wh:n
one remembers that shingles were
sold from the hand producer for $3
per thousand and today they bring
'$3-10 to $4 some idea may be gained
of the ever lessening percentage of
the value of the product of his labor,
that accrues to the working man with
each increase of his productive power
brought abdtat by the introduction of
more perfect tools.
JOHN  CLOAK.
Bellingham, Wash., July 14, 1906.
 o	
perty, and substitute the general well
being of the community for the per
sonal interests of the'Tew.
So   stop     grumbling,   friend,   think
these  things   over  and   VOTE!
WM. DAVENPORT
THE COST OF
PRODUCTION.
Comrade B. F. Gayman Revelstoke,
Hands Local Paper a First Lesson
In Economics. Also Courts Further Discussion.
WHAT'S THE USE.
use of acid a hide*ican not only    be
Eanned but made into shoes in twen-
y-four hours. At Lynn, Mass., in
May, 1905, a pair of ladies' fine boots
were made in the presence of a notary public, the time required bang
thirteen minutes utilizing thc services
of 57 operatives and 42 machines they
proceeded t convert twenty-six
piecs of leaV .', fourten of cloth,
twenty-four buttons, twenty-four button holes, eight tacks, twenty nails,
two box toes, two steel shanks and
twenty yards of thread into a dainty-
pair of womans' footgear in the above
mentioned time. Yet with all this
rapidity of production not one of the
57 men in this factory could buy, with
a day's labor, the product of 13 minutes. Reason tells us that it is not
from indolence or the shortage of nature's free gift that our bodies mus'
be deprived of good, wholesome food
and proper clothing.
Besides  these two necessities    another must be added and  that is  a
place of abode.    Perhaps it might be
here that we are short.    Let us examine this matter, Take, for instance,
the making of brick.     From Moses'
time tilt 80 years since there was little if any    .hange.     Five    thousand
bricks per day for six  men  was    a
very good day's work.     But with an
up-to-date clay working machine 50,
000 for five men is considered only a
fair day's work.      In the cutting of
lumber 175 years ago with the whip
sew, with the log rolled upon   high
trestles, so one man could work below and one above, 100 feet was    a
great day's work, but with water harnessed and  the single jig  saw    the
product  was  increased  to  2,000 feet
per day.     Then came the double circular saw  and   the  product  rose to
25,000.     With eight men  and steam
as the power then came the edger or
gang saw, and the product was   advanced to 50,000 feet per day.     Now
we have the  double band  saw with
teeth on cither edge that works going
or coming and cuts 125,000 per day.
Thus the rough lumber ia supplied. In
What's the use of a workman
grumbling about his position in life
—his small wages, his hard task?
Workers of the present day ought to
be sufficiently enlightened to know
that their position is inevitable whilst
society is as at present constituted.
The worker ought to know that he
lives and labors under Capitalism—a
system of society, which robs him of
the fruits of his la_ui.
This system of Capitalism he supports at every election by giving his
vote to either Liberal or Tory candidates,   as   both   endorse   capitalism.
Then what's the use of him grumbling? What's the use of kicking
about the way his employer uses him,
and then turning round and electing
the same employer to Parliament to
make laws for him? Why should
the workers—whose interests are
identical—at election time vote against being called a slave by his socialist fellow worker, when by his
daily life and work he lives up to the
term?
For  what  does  slavery  imply
It means one class doing all the
servile work, getting in return just
sufficient pay to continue working,
and to keep up the supply of worker.-..
The wage slave needs no chain to
kep him to his task under Capitalism.
He is chained in a more effective way.
There is no fear of the slave running
awav now. The sound of thc factory
whistle in the morning is as effective
in calling the slaves to work as ever
the crack of the slave-driver's whip
was.
Then, what's the use of parading
his freedom under conditions like
these?
What's the use of scoffing at Socialism as a remedy for these ills
without first trying to understand it?
Socialism   doesn t   propose   to   cut
anyone's  throat;  nor does it  suggest
a   general   "dividing  up"  of  property
or   money.      Socialism   wouldn't   rob
anyone—it  would  stop  the  infamous
[robbery  going on now;  whereby thc
[worker   is  robbed   every   day   of   his
[life, of the wealth he produces.     Socialism   would   abolish   most   of   the
evils of which we hear so much from
food intentioned but misled people;
ntemperance, immorality, dishonesty, will disappear kke snow in the
sunshine when Socialism removes the
cause of them.
What's the use of asking a man to
live a pure and virtuous life, living
and working amongst conditions that
make purity impossible? What's the
use of telling men to read good literature and develop their higher
nature;, when the conditions of labor
are such as cause a man to throw
himself down on* a bed immediately
after a day's work and get what rest
he can, before the morning ushers
in another day of toil?
So, what's the use of tinkering with
the evil system? Why not strike at
the  root?
The root is Capitalism, which divides, and is dividng society into two
classes—a working class, and an idle
class.
This system the Socialist opposes.
He would have the worker use his
political power to wrest the reins of
government from the capitalists, reorganise society on the basis of collective ownership of all capitalist pro-
t
The following A-B-C- lesson in
Marxian economics, appears in the
last issue of thc Revelstoke Mail
Herald. The writer is a well known
railway employee, and if the rest of
his kind are possessed of a similar
knowledge, there will be interesting
times in store for thc slave-owners
of the railway and lumbering center
next election.
The letter reads:
Editor Mail-Herald. Sir,—Ycrtir editorial in the last issue on "Mr. 'Hawthornthwaite," charges him with insincerity, and a few words in defence
of the speaker may not be out of
place. The claim that profits are not
based on the cost of production is
evident with a little investigation
The wage earner sells his labor power
at its market price. Its value is determined by the state of the labor
market and the cost of maintaining
that class is the standard of living
determined by itself. With the ust**|
of labor saving machinery, labor produces nfuch greater value than its
own cost—wages. The employers
of labor appropriate labor's product
because, owning the machinery nf
production, the worker is forced, iu
order to live, to sell himself for an
amount measured by his necessities,
regardless of the value produced. In
other words he will produce, with
machinery, his living 2 or 3 hours in
thc day, but thc employing class, by
controlling the products of labor can
impose on him an additional 7 or 8
hours per day, constituting a surplus
value, which is divided up among thc
various individuals whose incomes
are other than by wages. This surplus value is in the market and make;
it possible for income derived from
rent, interest and profit to purchase
on the same terms as the workers
who produced the goods. If thcr-:
was no surplus product, after the laborers had spent their wages there-
would be nothing left in the market
for non-value producing inc'imes to
purchase. It can now be seen that
profits are not based on cost of production, but is a part of the surplus
product, which constitutes unpaid labor and costs the capitalist class nothing. The business man is only
careful about ascertaining thc cost of
production because of competition, to
the end that he may get his slice of
the surplus. Mr. Hawthornthwaite,
instead of an "utter lack of business
knowledge,'* not only understands the
point of view of the business man,
but also can look at the question
from the worker's side, and thc language necessarily required to define
the latter's position is, of course distasteful to those sharing in t/he surplus product graft.
It is noted that Mr. John Burn-'
apologists are all femnd in the ranks
of the opponents of labors' political
movement. Mr. Burns, year.: ago,
called the capitalists all kind of hard
names. If he has been of material
aid to better the workers' condition
in England it follows that the conditions would be that much worse- had
such aid been withheld. The conditions in that country have been
represented to be impossible to be-
worse without bloodshed—so much
for Mr. Burns.
Socialists court discussion and can
arrange'joint debates with any of the
party lecturers when in town or with
any local party members who may
feel competent to handle their subject.
B. F. GAYMAN.
 o	
UNITED  STATES SOCIALISTS.
Lining up Their Forces for the Coming Campaign—Prospects Bright- -
"The Spirit of '76 Prevails; the
Challenge   to   Capitalism   Will   go
Forth."     '
  t
Win. 1). Haywood, Prcidcnt rd
the W. F, M., who is now with b_*
two comrades, in jail at the Instance
of the mine owners, in contravention
to all rules of legality or common decency, was nominated by acclamation, Governor of Colorado State by
the Socialist  Party on July 4th.
J R. Osborne, one of the ablest
exponents tif the proletarian revolution who ever visited B. C, point*]
from across thc Customs line, hat
been nominated by the S. P. for Governor of Georgia. Thc convention
was held  at  Atlanta.
Com. Osborne, while, unfortunately
blind, is certainly by no means blind
as to the line of action necessary on
the part of the workers to accomplish
1 industrial   freedom.
At   the   Michigan   State  convention,
held at Grand Rapids, Comrade Wal
ker was nominated for Governor.
The United States National Secretary,  J.   Mahlon   Barns,   says:
From reports at hand the Congressional Districts are getting into line
for an active campaign and there is
every indication that there will be
socialist candidates for the first time
in a number of new districts. Each
local in thc United States has been
wntten upon the importance eif plae-
int» a Congressional candidate in the
field. They have been notified of
thc boundaries and number of counties or wards comprising their Congressional districts. Each local has
also ben informed of the number of
locals of the party, together wurh the
names and addresses of the secretaries within their congressional districts. Comparative tables of the Congressional districts have been arranged showing the districts in which Socialist candidates were nominated in
KX14 and the vote cast, and the districts which did not have a Socialist
candidate in 11504 or previously
 o	
OUR]	
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd
Telephone 429
  PROMPT 8AIKS
AI.I, BITSINKSS STRICTLY < ONI'llll'NTIAL
QI'ICK RH.Tt RNg.
W.  FURNIVAL  (SL  CO.
AUCTIONEERS, APPRAISERS. REAL ESTATE ANO
COMMISSION AGENTS.
LARGEST   MART   IN   VANCOUVER
Cor. Abbott <& Cordova Ste. Old Con. Building,
SAME WAY  ANYWAY.
"Rut I pay the union scale of wages," says the employer of thc "free
and independent" workman, ll" there
were no union how would he- regulate
his scale of wages? By the necessities of the unemployed?—Typo Journal.
 o	
CAPITAL.
CEASE LOOKING
FOR A MOSES.
Choose One From Your Own Ranks,
and .Try His Practical Socialist
Knowledge, as Against Capitalist
Property, Political Hot Air and
Rhetoric.
The   contention   of   Socialists   that
thc workers must seek their own salvation—economic     freedom—is     not
new.     But that from the ranks of the
workers men  will be found who are
capable and armed with a knowledge
of our needs and requirements, is not
so patent, to many.    A man may not
be  without  ihonor,  save  in  his   own
country, but it is that each  locality
or   slavepcn   must   produce   its   own
Moses.     The  needs  of thc   workers
are such in each country or province
that all available matenial can be used
on    the   "home    consumption"  plan.
It is time  the workers in  their  respective electoral districts ceased asking tttie query. "Where are we going
to get a suitable candidate to represent our Party?"    Choi
your   own   ranks.     See   that  hc  has
armed himself as a man—not a commodity seller— and with a knowledge
born of practical experience, and the
well-developed   policy   of   the   Partv
he represents, there need be no fear
of results ii  elected.     Thc   workers
have'becn feasting on hot air and ar-
atory  for   ages.      Let's   tr*/   a   little
common horse-sense this trip.
Capital,  say political  economists,  is
thas  portion   of  wealth   which   is   devoted    to    the   production   e>f   more
wealth,   that   is,  wealth   lei   aside   for
reproductive  purposes.      When   I   say-
that it is sometimes sought to include
in the term capital not only the grain
used for seed and thc fodder for cattle, tint also the food and clothing of
thc laborers, you will,  I   think, agree
that  the  definition  is  not  sufficiently
definite.      For  this,  as   well   as   other
reasons, I  submit that the proper definition of thc term capital is: Wealth
used   for   thc     production    of   profit.
This is by no means the same thing.
Wealth   may   bc   directed   to  thc   reproduction of wealth and yet produce
no profit for the owner or user.    On
the other hand, profit is e>ften secured
by  the   destruction   of   wealth.     The
object   of   production   today—-the   object   of   capitalist     production—paradoxical as it may be to say so. is not
thc  production   of  wealth  at  all,  but
the  production   of  profit   only.     The
good of capital  to its owner is,  not,
that   it   enables  him   to   produce   articles   of   utility,   that   with  (I   he   can
produce   things  to satisfy human needs
but  that  it   produces  for  him  an  increase—profit.     It is only in so far as
his wealth produces him profit that it
is "capital"  at all.     That  it  may  be
used   for   the   purpose   of   producing
good and  useful things  is merely  an
incident   and   does   not   concern   him.
Its real function is to breed, t-i fructify, to produce profit.     Whether it i.s
used   for   the    production    of  things
good  and  useful, or of others  which
are mischievous and harmful is of absolutely  no  concern  to   hm  as  "on
italist."     It  may bc shoddy clothing,
bosh  butter,   leaden  bayonets, or big
guns,  that  he is  engaged  in  putting
on the market, but the utility or the
reverse of these things docs not concern him  in  thc least, so long as  by
producing them he makes f'ir himself
a profit.
When   a   man   invests   a   thousand
pounds   in   a   commercial   venture,   he
does in the  hope or expectation that
at  the   end   of   a   year   his   thousand
pounds will have increased—will have
grown.      If   at   thc  end   of   thc   year
there   was   still   on'-ly   his   thousand
potinds   he   woulel   be  dissatisfied   and
disappointed.      He  would  feel  that  it
had   failed   to  fulfil   its   mission,   that
bc might as well have kept it  in his
strong  box  at  home.      His  only  object in investing it was to get a profit.     Now I  want  you to understand
that just here we-are not concerns I
with   the   approval   or   condemnation
of this; we arc simply engaged in analysing  existing  fads,   and   what   we
must all  recognise as a  fact  is  that
thc investment of capital  is dictated
by no desire to satisfy human needs;
to, in the words of a pushing advertiser, "meet a long-felt want," but only
to  make  personal  profit   for  the  investor, and that thc true function of
capital     therefore,     is   not   the   production of wealth, but the production
of profit—a    very    different    matter.
This function  to grow,  to breed, to
increase,  has   gained  an   exaggerated
importance in  the eyes  of bourgeois
economists who have come by  lone
contemplation  of this  wondrous creative power which appears to belong
to their deity, to regard capital as a
sacred  thing—but    withal    a    timid.
They   speak of it with lowly reverence,
matter, but the order in which they
place   the    elements     of     production
shows their relative "importance in
their eyes. There are, they say,
three elements of production: land,
capital, and labor. Now a very little
consideration will enable you to sec
that the proper order is land, labo't*-,
and capital. I sometimes wonder
that bourgeois economists do not
placr capital before land. It would
be scarcely more absurd than to place
t before Ubor, but I suppose il would
make the absurdity too apparent.
Land, which, as an economic term,
includes all raw material, must, in the
natural order of time, precede all
other thisgs, seeing that it «** the ma
terial basis of existence.
Hut, while it is obvious that the
land mu*.t have existed liefore cit I), t
labor or capital, one would have iff
agined it to bc almost equally obvious
that the existence of labor must precede that of capital. Capital, say the
political economists, is the result of
saving. Saving of what, but the result Of past labor? Capita*, wc have
seen,  is   wealth  used  reproductive!)--
wealth  which, instead >i( befog com
sinned, is devote*, *o the production
of   more   wealth.      Jut   whence   did
is Our
Proposition   j
•s-itbeit.t reservation ot MBv klttf.
Th« choice of hun*lre*<ls of n„.n-, „.
l-crbly lailorod und (aultleatl* f^k.
ionod $16 to *_0 Suits for
$10.00
Full and complete linos in tlmo*
every style — gariw-taiit that «*-,
made to »!l at almost twi:.* >_,
pri<**8 now ii*....*] tor them are en
In a profusion of Styles snd fatm.
N*»\cr before waa o-ir claim, "If
give most tor your money, • noclea*.
lv  demonstrated.
1_ap1i.11. say  the
suit of thrift anc
thc
1
KILROY, MORGAN CO., Ltd.
Ill Carton Strati
this  capital   arise.     Capit
economists, is the re
abstinence       Ilut   thrift   and   abstinence, however admirable they may bc j
are   but   negative   qualities;   they   do
not create anything.     One may bc as
thrifty  an.l abstemious as  it Is  pass
blc  to   be   and  yet   possess   nothing.
anel  even   die  of   starvatnin       Something more than thrift and abstinence]
is needed to create capital     lf a man-'
earns a pound in a week and spends   >
only ten shillings, you might, describe V
the ten shillings he had  left as "cap  '!
ital—thc   result   eif   his   thrift   anel   al>
stinencc."   Hut  really  it  wiuld mil be
the result of his thrift anel abstinence;
it  wtuld  be  part oi the  result  of  hi*
past labor      By saving it   hc i«. perhaps, able to (urn it into capital, but
this   fact   hy   no   means   changes   its
•.ourcc,  which is the common  sou'ee
of all wealth—labor—l-'rom "Economies of Labor," By H. Quclch.
BURNS & CO.!
HARDWARE and
Second Hand Dealer?
Too*. Klotva and Tools a
Specially.
We buy -and -tell all Mm!, ot
wrap metal, old ma> hinery.
rubber,   sacks,   bottles, etc.
Store*-1»8 Cordova St.. E,
hardware * junk. 101 Powell
Ht., new and second hand furniture.
I 'PIMM 1171 VMCMVir, I. 8.
 i
LEE & MORGAN
Telephone 2391.
Sanitary   Kx|Kerta.    Plumbing In   sll
IU branches.        *f>tlnuite<* rural-*-
Repairs,   stove connections,  etc.
CHAnOES   ItKASONABl.E
tM WCSTMIMTCR Ml., ttntttt Hm.
Ex Chief of Police North   of   this
city is  putting up a  pitiful cry baby
squawk because he got fired from office   and   another     appointed   in     his
place.      He demands an investigation
and  appeals to the  citizens of  Vancouver to see that hc gets "fair play "
Such an appeal as that coming  from
a policeman is the funniest thing lhat
ever happened outside e>f a    monkey
how,      As a policeman's chief bUsf-l
ness is to browbeat peaceful citizens, J
club defenseless drunks and blackmail
prostitutes,  an  appeal   from  such    a;_________.....      *********
source is enough to turn a  Preshyte-   •••••••••••••0###MMt"»»_
rian  deacon   into a  laughing jackass
One striking thing in regard    to   the . ,
North  episode is that  nobody seems i T
to care \.hat he gels or who hc gets j p
it  from,  provided  he  "cts  it  in    the
neck good and plenty.
 o	
Thc Amalgamated Meat Cutters
and Butcher Workmens' union has
offered to issue a special union label
to be used by lhe packers whose goods
are pronounced pure by Ihe union
officers. Happy thought; the label
is the thing. A wonder it wasn't
thought eif before. CalJ off the "murk
rakers'* and give us the label and
we'll swallow everything that comes
under it.     So easy.
WAGE-LABOR
AND CAPITAL
HY KA1U. MAUX.
W1IKN  IX  VAN'OOUVEK,  STOP AT
THE   DOUGALL   HOUSE
A HIM KIT    8THEKT.
l-'lnrt CliiflH liar.        F.xevfsVnt  llooin*.
SlnR-le OOplea, S eenls, •
copies, it, ee-nla; ll copies. 10
cents: to eoplaa, $1.00; 10-
OOplaa and over, 2 cent* per
copy.
Theca rntcs. Include postal*
to nny  part ot Ctinadn  ei* the
United Kingdom.
"The Western Clarion'
t A
CAFE!
OPBN   WAY   AND   NIGHT.
l-rlcr* ModeraU).
t     ,   . j-r ',       ,*_=_-
C   PETERS   •,rac,lcal BMl
m. rc.ic.no ai-im, miu
Usui!.Mil.Ir Boots snel HIiiki to OfdCT 1"
■II styles.   Kepsliina promptly »>"! ■«••*
ly done,     stock   or slsple  ready nisei-*
Shoes always on hsucl.
I4SI WutalMttr Av*.      Mssit Nm* «•
•»--»«
Choose one fromfjand wilh bated breath they caution
working men to be law-abiding and
moderate in their demands, lest they
frighten from our midst this timiii,
holy dove, capital, which is sometimes described by coarser but not
less ardent worshippers as the goose
that lays the golden eggs. To them
capital is everything and labor no
thing. Labor, in their view, is kept{
alive by capital.    It may seem a small
I
TO BE HAPPY
In The Good Old Summer Time
WIVES NEED as much relief as possible from the drudgery of
cooking.
HUSBANDS NEED well cooked, dainty meals. Wilh a gas stove
the kitchen part of thc housework is practically rut in two. This
should make somebody happy.
Telephone 31 and wc will send our representative to give you -■»
estimate of the cost.
Vancouver Gas Company, Ltd.

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