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The Western Clarion May 13, 1905

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 Vy ,.
MAY 15 1005      <Z.\
i;   V
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
THIS  »     OOft
Vancouver, B. C., Saturday, May 13, 1905/
Subscription Price
What tbo Capitalist Awakealag af China May Mean to Europe.
The breaking out of the war be-
Lcen .lupan and Russia, opened up
rich field of speculation as to the
Lture, to the student and observer
l.no is inclined to watch the moves
ipon the groat chess-board of human
(vents, for the purpose) of fathoming
|li,ii- meaning nnd discovering their
lurtent. The startling rapidity with
Illicit the Mongolians demolished the
ItvBtigo of what  was supposed to be
I, 1 the most  powerful   of  Europ-
l,i] countries, awakened in the breast
|l  more   thnn  one  cautious  observer
fooling  of  alarm.     In  a   dim  and
lult'-i (ins -ions    way   thoy   begun    to
,.1ili/c  the  approach    of    what  they
crmed  the  yellow  peril,     This  cloud
Ipon  1 no  horizon,   as   events   foi tow
cli other in quick succession  in the
m> oust, is looming more portent ions
|ml taking on the form of a verita-
|lc yellow  spectre    that    is  already
triking terror to tho hearts  of  the
lime  observant   of   Europeans,    and
j-hoj-e portent    deserves    more  than
sing notice b.v  the people  of this
lestern   continent.     That   which,   as
et, appears  but   a  Spectre,   bids  fair
the near future,  to become a liv-
pg fact   with   which   the  white  race
ill  he    forced   to    grapple  in  sheer
Asia,   containing     more   than   one-
L1I1' of the  population  of  the globe,
I is been aslee|) for centuries.    Owing
•  her  backward   industrial   develop-
ent hor pedffle have plodded  along
a    primitive    nnd    comparatively
I'uci'l'ul   way,   manifesting   little  dis-
sition to spread their peculiar civi-
Izntiun beyond the confines of Asia-
territory.     Their   somewhat   pri-
itivV method of wealth production,
forded a very    pronounced    surplus
products,   therefore  the  factors no-
Issary  to force them  into  trade and
Immerce  outside  their  own  borders
practlcallj   locking.    So  long ns
resources   of   their   own   country
jriis sufficient   to supply   their  needs,
'o  was  no   motive  to  drive  them
mil its borders.    Under Mich cir-
Innstances  they    could  not  develop
i' spirit   of aggression and  become
n Id-conquerors,   but  fell    nn   easy
e,\   to the people of those countries
i'lusc   industrial    development    had
cached the point where a surplus of
liodiicts  were  available  that,    must
loods seek  an  outside market,     'l*he
Iggrcssor, the conqueror, came in the
piupo  of   those  countries   which   had
Bached the stage of capitalist devel-
Ipraerit,    England first,  then  follow-
|d Inter on b.v France, Germany anil
In-  United  States.     These capitalist
fount rios,  with an utter disregard of
Ihe customs  and    traditions  of    the
Asiatic  people,   and   with  brutal   in-
lill'erence to their wishes,  opened up
Ihiir ports  and   territory   to     trnde
|nd commerce.     Where  it could  not
accomplished by civilized trickery,
eceit and smooth talk,  all  of whii h
spoken  of  in capitalist phrase as
[diplomacy,"   it  was  brought  about
}' the mouths of cannon.
I'ngland'8 enslavement of India,
Ind opening of China to the opium
Inilllr, are among the most notable
Achievements of the capitalist buc-
innoering nations in this respect.
Is the newer countries of the earth
pave been more completely conquered
K the great capitalist nations, more
Inevitable has it become that their
jurplus products must be forced upon
Iho Asiutic people, not yet brought
lomplctely under the sway of tho
lapltallst system of wealth produc-
'"». Like a pack of hungry wolves
jhev at last gather around tho Ohin-
|so Empire with its vast resources,
}nd hundreds of millions of people.
England bites off some chunks; Rus-
|'a, Germany and France follow, and
'hen tho opportunity oilers the Uni-
Jod States grabs the Philippine 1s-
inds. So utterly rapacious do thu
'iiecuneers becomo that the project is
iponly discussed of dividing up what
s left of China in as offhand a niun-
>or as the guests at a table might
arve a roast, the mouth of each
■uost watering in anticipation of a
"ity cut. The breaking out of tho
•resent war suddenly called a halt
'Pun the carving process, and a great
•W* has arisen among the white buc-
fcneers that the knife is not sufflei-
ntly keen-edged to slice the roast.
The almost unbroken chain of vic-
ories to the credit of the Japanese
ibico the breaking out of the war, is
"either a marvijl nor an accident.
Inimn has been busily becoming a
apitalist country for the past forty
'puis.     She has been supplied    with
he   modern   factory   system   by   the
Ider capitalist countries  of   Europe
and America. The capitalist system
has thus been brought to the Japanese ready made. They have been
merely colled upon to adapt themselves to it, and her young men have
been instructed in the schools and
factories of Europe and America, juse
how to do it. She has at once.commenced to create a surplus of products that must find an outlet. She
has thus been forced to participate In
the world's commerce, and to pour
her surplus into the world's market.
In other words she has been forced
to expand. Hence Manchuria and tho
war. From a peaceful, quiet, unassuming nation, content within her
own borders, she is forced to become
nn aggressive, an expanding, a conquering nation, and go forth in true
capitalist fashion, with fire and
sword to enlarge her domain in order to dispose of her surplus products. If she does not do this «ho
will soon smother in her own capitalist fat. Every capitalist nation
must perforce be a military and naval power. Surplus products must
be forced into Jho world's market
against all opposition, if a capitalist
nation is to survive; nnd furthermore, the exploited wage slaves at
home can be, in the last analysis,
held in subjection by no other means
thnn the military power. Tne training of the Japanese in capitalist production, includes all that i.s embodied
in the modern enginery ami science
of warfare. Tho cleverness with
which the Japanese have adapted
themselves to the capitalist machinery and method of production has
only been equalled by that with
which they have adapted themselves
to tho capitalist machinery and method of securing additional markets
for the surplus. Tho older capitalist
countries furnished them with the
instruments and training in either
case.     They  have proven apt, pupils.
Just as shipload after shipload of
tools, machinery, etc., havo been, and
are still being shipped into Japan,
with which to equip that country for
entry into a world's commerce and n
world's market, so nre ship-loads of
similar material being shipped into
China, and for the same purpose,
.lust ns the very pick and flower of
Japan's young men have boon, nnd
are being trained for capitalist production, and capitalist war, in the
schools, firctories, arsenals nnd navy
yards af Europe and the United
States, so are the pick and flower of
China's young men being trained,
with the benefit of Japan's schools,
factories, arsenals and navy yards
added. And besides all this China
has huge military schools of hor own
presided over by experts in the art
I of human slaughter from Germany
I Prance and other countries. Just as
the Japanese peop;e wore inoculated
with the military spirit hy the introduction of capitalist production,
so ure the Chinese being inoculated
us tho Empire is invaded b.v capitalist machinery and methods. There
are being added to China's military
forces more thnn 2,000 trained officers each year, who immediately become actlive in organizing and drilling an army over increasing in numbers. The Chinese are of the same
stock as the Japanese. They are
.lust as running, secretive, brave, and
hove the same indifference to death,
and there nre some four or five hundred millions of them. They must be
trained like the Japanese to face
west, and west means Europe. The
population of Asia amounts to fully
one half that of the entire globe.
They aro closely bound together by
racial ties, nnd by u justifiable hatred of the white race, that has been
engendered by the ruthless and brutal treatment thoy have received at
its hands. Japan's successes have
already St If red the sluggish blood of
the people of India who are chronically starving because of the terrible
druin upon their resources in keeping
a huge Staff of British parasites and
their official henchmen,who suck their
blood nnd consume their substance.
Just what European civilization is
to do against this Asiatic horde once
it is quickened into activity by capitalist development, is a conundrum.
Small wonder thnt the more observant Europeans are beginning to tremble ns this spectre orises upon the
eastern horizon.
While we of this western continent
point with pride to our increasing
shipments to the orient wo should
not forget that every piece of machinery, every particle of equipment
for industry or war which goes there
tends to head the Asiatic people
west. Every railroad being built by
American or European capital leads
west. If Europe wore to bo invaded
b.v the Asiatic horde driven forward
by capitalist development, and was
conquered by It, the next move west
would involve tho American continent. Perchance the saying that
"westward the star of Empire sets
its way," is to prove a truism more
than once.
It is stated that Bismarck at a
conclave of diplomats who were engaged in the pleasing occupation of
re-arranging the world's map, putting his finger upon China remarked,
"Gentlemen, keep your eye upon
those people." In tho light of events
now happening his words seem pro-
However optimistic wo may be, or
however confident that the white nice
is callable of conquering, nil things,
and solving oil problems, nevertheless this troublesome cloud upon the
horizon  grows  larger.
Wage Slaves Should Throw Oft the Yoke
When the miners of Hibbing walked
out upon a strike, demanding bette
conditions from the copper magnates,
the business men immediately organ
ized und equipped themselves with
deudly weapons to strike fear and
terror in the hearts of tne brawny
men whose patronage made it possible for them lo reap profit in tho
commercial realm. The following
dispatch shows the fraternal spirit
tnat perineal es the breach of the mercenary vultures who feast and fatten upon the bono and muscle of labor:
"Duluth, Minn., April 1H.—Tho
business men of Hibbing, for the purpose of quelling the strike on the
Mesaba range without calling upon
the governor for troops, have organized a rifle brigade of UK) members,
and it stands subject to the call of
the sheriff."
It i.s only a question of time' when
the laboring masses will realize that
the wage slaves must stand together
as a clnss, depending upon their own
efforts to break the yoke of serfdom.
Tho tailoring man is tho prey of all
and when he once awakens tothe fact
that he is a victim to corporate and
commercial exploitation, when ho becomes convinced that upon his bock
rests tho burdens of tho world, he
will rise In his giunt strength and
unload the weight of centuries of
bondage.—Miners' Magazine.     •
'I rue enough. As the workers awaken lo an understanding of the position they occupy in prusent-day society, and the problem they must
solve to relieve themselves of the
burden thut presses so grievously upon them, they will abandon their old
line of rebellious action that converts them into mad beasts, and
places them as an easy prey to the
poliiceman's club, the rifle, the bayonet and tho bull-pen. They will no
longer expend the energy of their
lungs in hurling epithets at their
fellow victims of cnpitulist exploitation, nor physical energy in invading
the legal lights of others, and thus
calling down upon them the powers
of repression. In open, courageous
and consciously revolutionary warfare against the master class for the
purpose of seizing control of the powers of government in order to effect
their deliverance from wage bondage,
they will have assumed the attitude
and character of inangood. No longer mad beasts engaged in a fierce and
oitiines indiscriminate conflict among
themselves over the miserable crumbs
that fall to the lot of the slave in
the modern labor market, they will
have become men with a definate purpose in view, with a problem to solve
with u mission to perform, and by
virtue of the power of numbers, knit
together by those bonds of solidarity
that only a great cause can supply,
this awakening army of labor will
be invincible. No more Homestead,
Coeur d'Alono, Buffalo, Colorado,
Chicago end like brutal affairs, but
a steady, persistent and determined
advance upon the sent and citadel of
capitalist authority, the powers of
government; a peaceful advance if
possible—a   forceful  one  if  necessary.
Upon the back of labor must always rest the burdens of the world,
but the time i.s near at hand for tho
giant to unload the weight of the
Inst expression, of the bondage of
centuries. That weight is capital
and its wage servitude.
C.H. Allison, a writer in the National Magazine tor April, by a careful analysis of Bulletin No. 12, issued by the Interstate Commerce Commission, discovers "indisputable
proof that every one of the collis-
sions and most fatal derailments,
comprising more than DO per cent.
of the casualties, wore directly truce-
abb' to the neglect or disobedience of
employees." lie exposes the source
of the trouble by adding that "discipline on American railroads is
weighted down b.v tho incubus of labor unionism." Verily the tribe of
romancers did not become extinct
with tho death of Anannias, and Baron Munchausen.
Carnegie has donated some $10,-
000,000 for the purpose of providing
*>r the relief and maintenance of
worn-out college professors. This is
very commendable, Few people realize the terrible strain upon the college professor who loyally defends
the present system of property, by
allowing no student to escape from
college with un idem in his head. The
college professor deserves the greatest of consideration at the hands of
those who profit by the present swindle. As far as workers are concerned it would be better still were the
entire professorial fraternity pensioned off at birth.
Tho employing printers of San
Francisco have notified the Typographical Union nnd the Pressmen's Union that beginning with July 1, tho
working day will be nine hours Instead of eight as heretofore.
Children ol the Working Clan Ground to Death for Capitalist Prolit.
It is beyond the power of language
to describe the horrors that are in
Dieted upon human kind under the
baneful rule of capital. Coldly indifferent to all,.consideration for human comfort und well-being, without
conscience, scruple or. remorse, it
pursues the even tenor of its way,
mercilessly grinding the bodies of
men, women and children into its
hideous grist. The history of capital is told in tho one word, murder—
and it is written in tho blood of tho
working class. In its infancy the
blood was drawn from the veins of
the adult male workers, later on as
its machinery became developed to a
point making it possible to profitably utilize the labor of adult females, these were drawn into its
profit-making vortex, to be followed
still later on by the children, even
down to tne years of helpless babyhood. And while the beneficiaries of,
this capitalist blood and bones grinding civilization riot in luxury and
affluence upon the proceeds of this
wholesale murder; while its truckling
apologists in the pulpit turn their
pious eyes heavenward and call down
divine blessing upon it; while a ivile
press with fulsome unction pours its
flattery out upon the industrial nnd
financial giants of the age, and gleefully and approvingly chronicles the
vulgar orgies of their spawn and
hangers-on; while a gaping multitude
with belly-crawling adulation follow
with servile' interest the moves of
murder-loving Czars, Emperors,
Kings, and bear-baiting Presidents,
the mills of capital, with ever increasing morcilessness and abandon
are grinding Iho bone and flesh a'nd
marrow of the very pick and flower
of the race, men, women nnd children alike, into that red stream of
profit in which capitalists and their
vulgar henchmen, hirelings, apologists gnd hangers-on so delight to
The following from an article b.v
Elbert Hubbard in the American
Federationist for April throws some
light on conditions as they exist in
the cotton mills of the South. The
owners of those mills are undoubtedly good Christian gentlemen, amply
qualified to point out how they hold
their capital by divine right, as well
as bow Socialism would destroy ambition,   individuality   and  the  home.
The infant factory slaves of South
Carolina can never develop into men
and women. There are no mortality
statistics^ the mill owners bailie all
attempts of tho outside public to get
at tho facts, but my opinion is that
in many mills death sets the little
prisoner free inside of four years.
Beyond that he cannot hope to live,
and this opinion is derived from
careful observation and interviews
with skilled and experienced physici-
ans, who practice iu the vicinity of
the mills.
These toddlers, I saw, for the most
pai t rtid but one thing—they watched
the flying spindles on the frame
twenty feet long, and tied tho broken threads. Thoy could not sit at
their tasks; back and forward they
paced, watching, witn Inanimate dull
look, the flying spindles. The roar
of the machinery drowned every other sound. Back and forth pared the
baby toilers in their bare feet, and
mended the broken threads. Two,
three or four threads would break
before they could patrol the twent.s
feet—the threads were always breaking-
The noise and the constant looking
at tne flying wheels reduce nervous
sensation in a few months to the
minimum. Tho child does not think:
he ceases to suffer—memory is as
dead as hope. No more does he long
for tho green fields, tho running
streams, the freedom of the woods,
and the companionship of the wild,
free things that, run, climb, fly, swim,
or burrow.
He does his work like nn automaton; ho is n part of the roaring machinery; memory is seared, physical
vitality is nt such a low ebb that
ho ceases to suffer, Nature puts a
short limit on torture b.v sending
insensibility. lf you suffer, thunk
God!—it is a sure sign you are alive.
I thought to lift one of tin; little
toilers to ascertain his weight.
Straightway through his thirty-five
pounds of skin nnd hones there ran u
tremor of tear, and he struggled forward to tie a broken thread. 1 attracted his attention by a touch.
nnd offered him a silver dime. He
looked at me dumbly, from a face
that might have belonged to a man
of sixty, so furrowed, tightly-drawn
and full of pain it was. He did not
roach for the money—he hid not know
what it was. 1 tried to stroke his
head and caress his cheek. My smile
of friendship meant nothing to him—
ho shrank from my touch ns though
he exported punishment. A caVess
was unknown to this child, sympathy
had never boon his portion, and the
love of a mother, who only a short
time before held him in her arms,
had all been forgotten in the whirr
of the wheels and tho awful silence
ol  a din  that knows no respite.
There wore dozens of just such
children in this particular mill. A
physician who was with mo said that
they would all be dead in two years,
and their places filled with others—
I here were plenty more. Pneumonia
curries off most of them. Their systems are ri|io for disease, and when
it comes there is no rebound—no response. Medicine simply does not
act—nature is whipped, beaten, discouraged, nnd the child sinks into a
stupor nnd dies.
1 know the sweat shops of Hester
street. New York; 1 am familiar with
the vice, depravity and degradation
of the Whitochapel district; I have
visited the Ghetto of Venice; I know
tho lot of the coal miners of Pennsylvania, ana I know somewhat of
Siberian atrocities; but for misery,
woe, and hopeless suffering, I have
never seen anything equal to the cotton mill slavery of South Carolina—
this in my own America, the land of
the free and  the home of the'brave!
For the adult who accepts the life
of the mills I have not a word to
suy—it i.s his own business. My plea
is in defence of tho innocent; I voice
tho cry of a child whose sob is
drowned in tho thunder of whirring
J. N. Hurty, of the Indiana State
Board of Health, is responsible for
the .statement that "85 per cent, ot
the total death of infants in America
lust year was due to poisons administered in impure foods, and the
deadly concoctions placed on the
market by fraudulent food manufacturers." As this 65 por cent, amounts to something like 450,000 infants, a number of writers seem inclined to think it quite a horror.
This is a very unreasonable way of
looking nt things in this eminently
practical ago. As to whether, the
year's events are satisfactory or otherwise, should be determined from
I'unn A Briidstroets. the reports of
Boards of Trnde and Commerce, Statistics bearing upon the growth of
our export trade, bank clearances,
etc., nnd not from the mortality
among infants. The death of a trifling number like a half-million or so
amounts to nothing, so long*as there
are enough left to answer the requirements of the factories,, shops,
mines, charity joints, and other
paraphernalia of our glorious Christian civilization.
Such trifling money loss as has
boon sustained through the death of
those infants, has no doubt been
more thnn offset by the profit made
through their poisoning, so what is
there to muke a fuss about anyway?
Events ns they occur must be accepted from the standpoint of things
as thoy are, rather than from that
of which we might wish them to be.
Tho sooner tho workers awake to a
full realization of the coarse and vulgar brutality of capitalist rule, and
^s sordid and callous indifference to
the health nnd lives of its victlrms,
the sooner will they be ready to rise
like men and b.v conquering the public powers break its strangle-hold upon the life of the race. Until that
is dona capitalist murder of both infants and adults will continue as a
mutter of course, and might as well
be   considered   philosophically.
The John S. Spreckles & Bros. Co.,
of San Francisco, have sought tho
aid, of the Federal courts to assist
them In fighting the riggers and
stevedore's unions, whom, it is alleged, have iH'en guilty of a violation
of the interstate commerce law by
Interfering with the loading and unloading of vessels plying between
Sun Francisco and Honolulu. The
court hus granted a temporary restraining order und set tne hearing
for May 15. The company is suing
for damages to the amount of over
An exchange vociferously declares
"the class war is raging in Chicago." Tho only casualty as yet oc-
curing on the capitalist side was the
case of nn owner who while driving
one of his own teams, was pounced
upon by a gang of strikers and put
out of business before he had time
to explain that he was a non-combatant. The injuries he received
should, therefore, be attributed to
accident   rather  than warfare.
The Colorado legislature has passed an eight-hour law that is really
a peach in its way. Under it the
employer can violate the law as muchi
ns ho chooses uriloss some one brings
action against. ■ him to stop it.
As the only porson interested in having him obey the law is the employee
liiinsoli.nncl ho would, of course, lose
his job if he brought action, it. may
readily bo seen what a clever and
reliable eight-hour law it is anyway.
The Wisconsin assembly has passed
a bill prohibiting graft in private
corporations and in businenss affairs.
It Is a wicked invasion of tho principle of "freedom of contract," and
individual liberty, ami should be
promptly knocked out by the supreme
monkeys-riio, no;  we moan judges.
Hans Set Fired ud Bets Ms his Tt*
The Chicago Sunday Tribune publishes on eight-page supplement called the "Workers Magazine," devoted to fairy tales of how the poor,
but honest, industrious and faithful
office boy worked his way up to the
proud position of bank president, or
manager of a great railway system.
In a late issue has been inaugurated
a contest among the readers of the
magazine's pleasing fiction, thnt is
quite unique in its way. The readers are invited to send in a statement of the reason why they have,
fn the course of their experience, lost
their good jobs. The one giving the
best reason wins a prize of $5 at
the end of each week's content. The
following are the reasons given by
72 persons who entered the contest
during the past week.
Drink,   11.
Carelessness,  8.
Swelled headedness,  7.
Office troubles,  5.
Gambling,  5.
Laziness, 4.
Went  to sleep, 2.
Misplaced confidence,  1.
Objected to boss spitting,  1.
Discovered   Company's .crookedness,
Licked a knocker,  1.
Woman worked cheaper,  2.
Accused of swelled head, 1 (pleads
not guilty).
Sassed the boss,  1.
Asked for more salary, 2.
Fellow clerk stole,  1.
Business closed down, 2.
Didn't belong to union—discharged
after striko, 8.
Not   needed—force   being  reduced,2.
Given too important position after
short term of employment, angering
head of company, 1.
Just fired, 2.
Salary of $75 a month too high, 1.
Beer brought, into his department,
Loafed and "lost his pashents," 1.
Mental   laziness,   1.
Bull season, 8.
Stopped on boss' toe,  1.
The prize wos awarded to one of
the 8 who confessed to carelessness,
which seems rather unfair to the
chap  who  stopped on the boss'   toe.
"I look upon the profession of the
law as one of the noblest professions
on earth—if those of other high professions would pardon me, 1 should
say the highest upon earth. It has
to deal with the dearest possessions
of man. It is the profession charged
'with the earthly administration of
the justice of God'."
Tho above gem fell from the lips
of Judge James G. Jenkins at a
banquet given in his honor in Chicago, the occasion of his retirement
from the United States circuit bench,
.lust what tho learned judge had
been drinking is not known, but
whatever it was it came near making him see things. If any person
wishes to become familiar with the
way the legul fraternity attend to
the "earthly administration of the
justice of God," it would be advisable to start in with the small debts
court, and go right through the gar
mut up to the Supreme court. By
the time he gets through with the
trip no will be able to recognize tlie
"justice of God'-' wherever he meets
it, at least in its earthly form. Tha
knocking out of the bakers' ten-hour
law in New York by the legal lights
of the Federal Supreme court was a
splendid illustration of it. It was
this same Judge Jenkins who in 181)3
issued an injunction against tho
Northern Pacific. Railway employees
restraining them from quitting the
service of the company, under penulty
of being found guilty of contempt of
court, and sent to jail. What Jenkins does not know about tbe "eurth-
ly administration of the justice of
God," is scarcely worth knowing.
Anti-Semetic disorders in the Crimea culminated in a fierce battle between Christians and Jews on May
4, in which stones and revolvers were
freely used. When the Jews at last
fled defeated, tho Christians demonstrated the superiority of their brand
of religion by engaging in a carnival
of pillage and plunder lasting from
noon until midnight.
At a meeting of the master plumbers of Vancouver, on May 1, the principle of the "open shop" in tho local
plumbing trade was adopted. This
applies only to the Journeymen
Plumbers' Union, however. The muster Plumbers Association still remains a "closed shop," which, af
course,  is quite proper.
A new und flourishing line of business is being opened up by the capitalists. Whenever profits in the ordinary linos aro not altogether satisfactory, the shortage is being made
up by suing some union for damages.
This promises to become a more
profitable lino of business than manufacturing, mining or transportation,
in the near future.
*;§;, ■
K '
•■ *'-iSPi
Hie Mrs Clarion
Published every Saturday in the
interests of the Working Class alone
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Mny   18,   1906
As this job was given him to do
something like 1900 years ago, and
it has not yet been accomplished,
there would appear to be grounds
for drawing an indictment. This the
Rev. lu-ituii Smith proceeds tu do
as follows, which is clipped from the
daily press reports of his sermon:
"In his opening remarks, Mr. Smith
compared twentieth century civilization with civilizations which have
passed away. It was maintained,
ho said, that we were more clever
and more enlightened than oar ancestors, but nobody had dared to suy
that we were happier. The age was
one of many marvels, but tho reign
of peace and happiness had not yet
been inaugurated. On the contrary
the tide of lawlessness mounted day
by day, tl ■•■'ening to engdil society.    Thrones ^nu religious were rock-
"In one respect true Socialism is an
indictment of the living God, since it
claims ability to accomplish the regeneration of the human race, that
which God gave his son to do, but
has not yet been accomplished. For
this reason if for no other, the true
Christian must be radically opposed
to  Socialism."
With this sample of pulpit wisdom,
the    Rev.    Morton    Smith    launched
forth   from   the  pulpit  of   the  Knox
Congregational     Church     the    solar
plexus blow  that  will  no doubt put
the   quietus   on   the   Socialist   movement   in    this   neck    o'   the    woods,
henceforth  and  forever.     Just   where
the Rev. gent learned that Socialism
laid claim to the ability to regenerate the human race we do not know.
No such claim is mude in any standard work of the Sociulist movement
nor  do     we     remember  ever  having
heard any  Socialist speaker advance
such   claim  from   tho  platform.     In
his study of Socialism tho Rev. must
have confined himself to the reading
of Mother Goose's Melodies, or Jack
and   the   bean  stalk.     The   Socialist
asserts  that, much of  the misery existing  in   thi;    world   at   the   present
time arises nfl a natural consequence
of  the  present system     of   property
ownership  in    tho    means  of   wealth
production.       That    under     it     the
wealth  producers,   thoy   who  do    the
necessary work of the world, are denied   the  enjoyment    of    what    they
create, because it is absorbed by tho
owners of capitalist property in  the
form of surplus value or profit.   The
workers are forced to work together
in  operating  the  modern   means    of
wealth production.    The very nature
and character of those means enforces
collective labor, or working together.
The power of labor to produce wealth
was  never   so  great   as   at   present,
and  it   is  each  day  becoming  more
powerful.     As   the  workers  are    deprived  of  the  opportunity    to  feed,
clothe and shelter themselves,  up to
extent of their requirements, because
capital   absorbs    their    product  and
forces them to be content with wages
which   competition   inevitably   forces
to an ever lower point, even a pulpit
pounder ought to have sense enough
to  see  that  relief  could  only   come
through such an alteration or change
in  the control  of   factories,    shops,
land, railways, mines, etc., as would
put an end to the absorption of the
products of labor, by other than the
workers themselves. Tho Socialist asserts that with the moans of wealth
productiou,    lands,    factories,    rail
ways, etc., owned us thoy are operated,   that  Is,   by   tho  workers  collectively, it would enable them to put
an end  to their exploitation  at  tho
hand of capital,  the result of which
exploitation is expressed in the great
volume of misery, suffering, dogreda-
tion and vice that is but too plainly in evidence wherever the  workers
are   found   in   numbers.     Socialism
deals solely with the analysis of the
present   and   proceeding systems    of
property, with tho end In view af arriving   lat   some   adjustment   of   the
property    relations    that  will   bring
about more satisfactory material results  to   those  who  labor.     As   the
working class is the only useful portion of humun society,   this  purpose
of Socialism is surely a commendable
one,  and  would without doubt  meet
with   the  hearty   approval   and   support of every Christian,   were it not
unhappily  true   that   the tribe hus
long.been extinct.
Socialism, dealing as it does with
material things alone, makes 110 pretentious claims to knowledge of "the
living God." Therefore tho Rev.
person is in error when he accuses it.
of drawing an indictment against
that Being. According to this
preacher, God gave his son a certain
job to do. which has not yet been
"accomplished." This job was tho
"regeneration   of   the   human   race."
ing. Tho laws in every land were
scoffed at, and openly or secretly
transgressed by tho most respectable
classes. Wastrels and malefactors
multiplied, deiymg ootn Gou unu
"Tho speaker here paused to tell
how he had heard a grey-headed man
indulge in filthy conversation in a
smoking car, regardless of who heard
him, and how he had rebuked him.
The possibility of such talk, said
Mr. Smith, iu a place where it could
be heard by young and old alike,
made  his  blood  boil.
"Continuing, tho speaker pointed
out that suicide was growing more
prevalent und voiced the opinion tnati
ihe records of 1,000 or 6,000 years
ago showed that the people of those
clays were as happy, as wise, as sw-
gacic**. and as dexterous as ourselves. Without augmentation of
happiness: there could be no genuine
progress. Yet happiness was declared to be on the decline. The struggle for life was so oppressive that
the vast majority had no time to be- 'ts stomach
It seems from this that the job is
no nearer finished than when it was
undertaken, and nineteen centuries of
pulpit thumping und prayer, to say
nothing of the sacrafice of yellow-legged chickens and other good things,
has  been in vain.
The  principles  of    Socialism    were
enumerated by the parson as follows:
"All men are brothers.
"All men are equals.
"Only    those   who   labor   havo the
right to live.
"The present system of the private
ownership of all things is the root
of all evil.
"The state snould own and control
"The state should divide a portion
of the products of labor eqdally between all.
"Socialism is the only salvation of
tho world.  •
"The only thing wrong with the
world is the exploitation of human
As to the first one it seams to us
that we have heard even professed
Christians talk of the brotherhood of
man. Socialism makes no assertion
that all men are equal. Some are
more cunning, unscrupulous, avaricious, contemptible, vile, simple or
servile than others. The third principle stated by the gentleman is taken from the bible nnd does not belong to Socialism at nil. It is but
another way of saying: "In the
sweat of thy face shalt thou eat
bread." The present system of property in the means of wealth product 10.1 is not a system of private
property. It is a system of capitalist property which is quite a different thing. The Socialist has no
quarrel with private property in
those things required for personal
use, such as house, food, clothing,
furniture, etc., necessary to the comfort and happiness of the individual
and those dependent upon him, but
has a most serious quarrel with the
class (capitalist) ownership of the
instruments of production—land, factories, railways, mines, etc.—by
means of which the workers produce
tha things necessary to tho welfare
of the individual. Private ownership is therefore not the root of all
evil. Class ownerbhip is the cause
of serious evil, inasmuch as it makes
it impossible* for the workers to acquire private ownership of the things
that are requisite to their comfort
and  well- being.
Socialism does not propose that
the state shoulh own and control
anything. The state is a class instrument whereby a ruling class
holds a ruled class in subjection. Its
insignia is the cannon, the bayonet,
tho sword and the policeman's club.
For tho state to own is for the working class to be exploited by it directly, and the proceeds turned over
to the class whoso instrument it is.
With the advent of Socialist property in tho means af wealth production, owned by all of tho people collectively, the state dies out and what*
was formerly government with its
fangs and daws, Its powers of repression, resolves itself into an administration of mutual affairs for the
purpose uf producing the material
things necessary to the comfort and
well-being of tho individual members
of the community or nation, and providing the necessary ways and means
whereby the individual could acquire
the right of private property in the
things he requires, to the extent of
the labor he has contributed towards
the total production.
That Socialism proposes that the
state shall divide a portion of the
products of labor equally among all,
is    ignorant    bosh.     Just   why    any
Christian (?) should object, however,
is not clear, oven if it were true. Wo
know a lot of church dignitaries that
are regularly fed from the public
trough, and it has not yet been recorded in history that any church
ever refused public pap, or willingly
let go of the teat once it had secured a hold.
As to Socialism being the only salvation of the world, suffice it to say
that if it were to make such claim,
and at the end of 1900 years have as
little to show towards the accomplishment of it, as by tho gentleman's own showing Christianity hus,
it should be thrown into durance vile
for violation of contract.
The only thing the matter with the
workers of today arises from capi-
tglist exploitation, a fact that is be.
ing rapidly grasped by them in spite
af the herculean efforts being put
forth by the more servile clergy to
keep them under the influence of
heavenly soporifics.
The Rev. gentleman's flatulence was
excited by remarks made by Comrades Hawthornthwaite aod Williams
while addressing the audience in yie
City Hall on April ."10, and which
also threw the "World" and other
Liberal counterfeits into a belching
humor. We trust these editorial and
ministerial worthies will feel better
now they have unloaded. The remarks of Hawthornthwaite and Williams seem to have much the same
effect upon them as that arrived at
when a mother thumps the baby on
tho back in order to get the wind off
A good deal af unnecessary cant is
indulged in by well-meaning persons
because the capitalists in times of
emergency pay little or no attention
to the law as it may at the moment
be written upon the statute books.
As capital is itself the law-making
power it is the heighth of folly to
suppose it will go out of its way to
observe tho requirements of the law,
once its interests would be jepordiz-
ed by so doing. A king,' emperor or
czar with the supreme power in his
own hands, is not amenable to the
law of his own creation, if he were
it would be a case of the created
being greater tnan the creator, which
is qttite an unthinkable proposition,
'ihe law will not enforce itself. It
therefore depends upon its creator for
enforcement, nnd it would seem as
pluin us a pike staff that it would
not be enforced when the interests
of  the  creator  would  suffer thereby.
Judging from what may be written
upon the statute books, some of tho
actions of the mine owners and their
Citizens' Alliance pals in Colorado
during the recent troubles may have
been unlawful. Judged, however,
from the true standpoint that a
question of law is merely a question
of power, the acts so loudly complained of are undoubtedly lawful.
If federal troops aro brought into
the City of Chicago to,quell tho disturbance there, whether such troops
arebrought in response to tho request of the state of Illinois or not,
tho act will be a lawful one because
the United States government has
sufficient power at its command to
establish the lawfulness of it, beyond all reasonable doubt. The test
of the pudding does not lie in chewing the string of tne bag in which it
has been cooked, neither does the test
of legality lie in chewing the rag
about written laws or constitutions.
Written laws furnish a very convenient memoranda for the guidance
of tnose against whom they are
aimed, if they wish to avoid trouble,
but when it comes down to a matter
of protecting and defending those material interests upon which life depends, power is of greater valuo than
all the laws that were ever written.
They who in the day of their of their
extremity look to tno law for protection will be poorly protected indeed.
lf the so-called unlawful and highhanded acts of the present ruling
class shall be instrumental in breaking down the superstitious reverence
for the law, and the implicit faith
in its potency, which is so firmly
lodged in the heads of tho workers
at present, it will be a worthy work
well done, and that delectable class
shall not have lived in vain.
as to cake-baking  was evidently recognized by' the boss as a legitimate
one.  and he kindly granted him permission to quench it b.v working extra hours.     As a result  of his kindness,  however,  he  fell  into  the   awful  clutches of  the  law,   and  at the
instigation    of    the. trade  unions he
was haled  before the tribunal  of justice,   nnd  fined  .r>0 simoleons for his
infamous  kindness.   ■ But   tho   guilty
wretch,  though  caught red-handed  in
his   unlawful   proceedure   as   to    the
cake-baking,  was not  fully coovinced
as   to  nis  awn  guilt.     He  was  not
thoroughly   satisfied   that   the    legal
acumen of  the  Now York  court was
sufficiently    keen   to    properly    cope
with   such   nn   intricate  problem    as
cake-baking,    and    steer     it.     safely
through the technical swamps of jurisprudence into  the haven  of justice.
He hied himself into the presence of
that  august body of big wigs known
as the United States Supreme court,
and invoked  its aid to rescue  the ancient  and  honorable    occupation    of
"free contract in cake-baking," from
tho  baneful    clutches    of    those misguided   union   men   whose   first   consideration was the baker, rather than
the   cuke.     The  Judicial   wisdom    of
tho big wigs of the supreme   justice
shop,   was equal    to   the   occasion.
The ban upon "freedom of contract"
and  the   pursuit   of   knowledge,    at
leust   in   cuke-baking,   was   removed.
The  humble  bukor  in  pursuit  of   a
knowledge    of    the  art  of  preparing
fruit cake, pound cake, sponge cake,
marble rake,  molasses cake,  Johnny
cake,  hoe cake and presumably even
doughnuts and stomache ache,   may
now freely contract for any number
of  hours  per  day he chooses,  up  to
the  twenty-four,   with the boss   who
presides  over  tbe fountain  of knowledge,   the bake shop;  and  both parties to the contract feel certain that
they are acting within the rights secured   by   the  constitution  of  the  U.
S.  -*ri thus having this knotty question settled, let us hope for all time
to   come,   our   Utica   baker   whoso
thirst  far knowledge set  the  wheels
of justice going, has conferred  upon
mankind  an   incalculable  benefit,   for
which  his    memory    should   be  kept
green  by a grateful posterity.
Hurrah! for the Utica baker, the
Supreme Court, the "freedom of contract" and constitutional cake-baking.
Every Local of the Socialist
Party of Canada should run a cari
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, C. Peters, Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. G.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
of B. C. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening in the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor), 818 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evening at 8 o'clock in the Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, Box 836, Vancouver, B.  C.
■taF'Bverjr tabor Union in the nt<»,i**
vTtea to pl.ee s card under this hesi "." * »
Secretaries please uote.        ,lc*"-»
Phoenix Trades and Labor  r0„. I
Meets    every    alternate    Un^i
John Riordan, president-   pi
Brown, vice-president;    p  u***
casse sergeant-at-arms; \v u n
bury, secrYtary-treasurer, P A i,
198, Phoenix, B. C. ' "i
Phoenix     Miners'
W. F. M.    Meets    every'SuL I
even.ng st 7 to o'clock in lilff
h?."' «W^'   Barnett' P^idem
chie P. Berry, secretary.
J. Euwabd Bum. A. 0. BSYCON-JlCK
Uko. K McChossjn.
Rnllwsy Block     Tel. 8».   P.O. Bin 932.
314 Hutisgi Street     -     Vitcmer, I. C.
Or. W.J. Curry
Cor Burrard and Robs on Sts
Nanaimo Miners' Union, No.
F. M meets every third Via*
from July 2. Alfred Andrews 2
ident; Jonathan Isherwood p n
Box 359, Nanaimo, B. C, 'record
ing secretary.
The International Brotherhood
Electrical Workers—Local No $
Meets second and fourth Thi,,'
days at I. B. E. W. Hall. |<„om"
Iniilesido Block. Presidenl
Bleckstock; recording secretary tl
McDOUgall; financial secretary
Elsden. , Address all commimU
tions   to   the   hall.   All   so]
brethren cordially invited.
It was a modest, industrious and
no doubt frugal bakfcr, in Utica,
Now York, who precipitated the decision of the Federal Supreme Court
that knocked out. the state law limiting labor in "-bakeries to ton hours
per day. In addition to his other
admirable qualities this baker seems
to have been nn earnest seeker after
knowledge, who, to add to his lore,
desired to work extra hours in order
to learn to bake cake. This in itself is, indeed, ' praiseworthy, but is
made evon more so by the fact that
nothing Is shown to indicate thut he
harbored any surropticious design as
to the cake after ho had learned to
bake  it.     His   thirst   for   knowledge
Sam Gompers, president of the
American Federation of "Teeth Gritters," referring to tho supreme court
decision which declared tho bakers
ten-hour law unconstitutional, in a
recent speech is reported to have unbosomed himself as follows:
"I cannot restrain myself from saying that if tho majority of the members of that cqjrt who signed the
opinion had visited modern bakeries
in this state and.had seen the conditions that prevail even under the
ten-hour law, they would have believed that it was within the police
power of the state to regulate the
hours, and would have declared for
the ten-hour law. What are tho bakers going to do? I'll toll you what
I would do. T'd strike and strike
hard  until I got the ten-hour day."
Wo can appreciate Sam's lack of
self-restraint. We are shy on that
quality ourself, after reading the
above. Oh, Lord! There goes the
last  button.
The task of sawing stone by means
of wire has been perfected in France,
says Scientific American. The plant
utilized for the operation consists of
an endless wire, which passes round
a series of pulleys, one of which is
a driving pulley. A straining trolley working on an inclined plane insures requisite tension. The saw
frame is placed between the driving
shaft and tho trolley, and on it tne
guide pulleys for the wire saw are
fixed. Tho wire as it travels presses
lightly on tho stone, and the cutting
is done by sand mixed with water.
In the workshop tho wire can bo
driven at a speed of 23 feet a second,
but in quarries it is not advisable
to increase the speed above l'l feet
a second. In order to produce the
cut, a uniform force has to be exerted, while at the same time the force
must also bo capable of being easily
varied, and must be proportionate to
the length of the cut.—Exchange.
Thus one b.v one are the trades converted from hand to mechanical ones,
and the aristocrat of labor reduced
to tno level of a machine tender.
Tho saving resulting from tho substitution of tho machine for the hand
process goes where it must always,
go, to the owner of tho machine. Of
course the workers will growl and
complain because they got no benefit
out of the transformation, but just
why they should do so is not clear.
If they wish to benefit by machinery
they must own it. As long as they
allow others to own tho machinery
of wealth production which they (tho
workers) both make' and operate,
thoy must grant to them the right
to all the benefits arising from its
So tho House of Lords has decided
against the Miners' Federation in the
South   Wales  appeal   case,    and    the
minors are to be mulcted in the sum
of £57,000 as compensation to   the
colliery   owners,   for  endeavoring   to
regulate     their    labor.     The   miners
sought to restrict the supply of coal
to tho demand by a system of stop-
days.    They were not asking to   be
puyed for the days that they "played";   they   simply   wanted,   by   stopping     work    occasionally,     to     prevent being thrown aut of work for a
lengthy    period,    as   well   as  having
their wages reduced in consequence of
an over-supply of coal.   But this was
an infringement of tbe right of the
masters,  who arrogate to themselves
the sole power of deciding  when the
men shall  work and when they shall
be idle, and so the man have to pay
them £57,000 as damages.   Of course
whenever   the   employers   choose    to
shut   the   men   out   thoy  can  do   so;
the men can get no compensation for
tho loss they may thus bo culled upon to endure;  it is only  tne employers who can claim damages for stop-
days.—London Justice.
Two good stories relating to the
German Emperor are told by Sir M.
Grant Dull in the concluding portion
of his diary which has just been published. A man was waiting to see
the Emperor pass in procession and
remarked to a friend, "The donkey
has not come." He was arrested but
explained that the donkey was his
brother, asking tho police whom they
thought he meant. Another time
two men were discussing politics in
a brasserie and one said to the other
"The Emperor is a d d fool."   He
was arrested, but explained that he
was talking about the Emperor of
Russia. "No," said the official,
"when    people   talk    of  an   Emperor
being a d d  fool  they must mean
the German Emperor."
It is bud enough, no doubt, to be
deceived by a false marriage, but no
worse than to meet wjth similar ex-
|t» rionco at the hands of a real one,
Tlie Oldest liber Paper is tmit
Always a fcarlesss exponent In tlie |
cause of lubor.
For one dollar the paper will ht |
sent to any address for one year.
Workingmen ofall countries will |
soon recognize the fact that ilin
muat cipuort and read  their laljor |
Issued every Friday,
Ik Voice Prtlishiof Co., Limits I
Published  Weekly  by  the
Western federation Of Miners
A  Vigorous Advocate of Labor! |
Clear-Cut and Aggressive.
Per Year $1.00.       Six Months,
Denver, Colorado.
Kurtz's OrVfl        ...
Kurtz's Pioneers   (jjf\
Spanish Blossoms
I486 Vettsjintsr Avt
Practical Boil
and Shoe Maker
Hand-Made Boots and Shoe* to order in
all styles. Kepaiting promptly ami m-at-
ly done. Stock of staple ready-made
Shoes always on baud.
Maist Pitas*
155 Cordova Street
And hove it rejuvenated with w'l
life. Old Hats Cleaned, Pressed aril
Made as Qood as New by cX|>crt|
workmen and at moderate' cost.
Elijah Leard.
United Hatters of North America
When you ara buying a FUR HAT see  to  it tWl
the Genuine Union Label I- sewed in It. if a retaiW I
has loose labels In his possession and otters lo Pgl|
one in a hat for you, do not patronize him. I'00"!
labels In retail stores are counterfeits. The «»»!»* j
Union Label Is perforated on four edges, exactly ""I
some ae a postage stamp. Counterfeits are ><"»'
times perforated on three edges, end some time* onl'l
on two. John B. Stetson Co., of Philadelphia '»'|
non-union concern.
New York.
President, Orange, N. J.
Secretary,    11  W averly
A ten-year-old boy in Warsaw, Poland, jeered at a Cossack, who pursued him and cut him from shoulder
to waist with one blow of his sabre,
an act pf chivalry quite in keeping
with military ethics.
OCIALISM Is inevitable. That means our economic nnd social
development will some day make it clear even to the dullest ml*"'
that a solution of our industrial problems is possible only' W «**,
SBRrt*.' eo-operntlon. But nre we to look on passively and w«»
until the mind more dull and dense than our own, has at m«>
reasoned it out all by Itself ? Certainly not. We want to get there
sooner. And we will get there in the near future if we set to wo"
and educate the man who is atill groping in the dark. Wc k«°*
things will make him see the light some day, but we want tin
to see It now. Therefore our incessant propaganda and b«i-»
tion. To do good work you need good tools, Select your prop*
■**•?<>» material carefully and you will see results. Two Ijcioh
.......__ .. _^ well tried aa means of Socialist propaganda are ...   . -,„
MODERN SOCIALISM.GthEdition; ISOPkgis;Paper25c,Cloth 75c.
i£i!£?/ie,S.p,e,>"nd co1nT'n<''nK presentation of the principles of Socialism.   To Bhtf*"
holders of the Comrade Co-oneratlve Co tta-v „r» .**,m ..> _ ,11., ,,«■ «>f*0 per cent.
Comrade Co-operative Co. they are sold at a discount of 40 per cci
""     "      '" ... ',,00 share n -    ,
"The Conna*
pM»».i     Sui",.? acquire by monthly payments of 80 cents a »6.(
Co-operative Publishing House and thereby enjoy special rates for "
and other.Socialist Literature. Don't stand aloofi Bitch your wagon to the
COMRADE COOPERATIVE COMPANY, illCooper Souero. New YorkL ATITRPAY ... .- ... May 13,  1905
The Economic Evolution
Iline of the most, solemn things   to
|(> thinker is the way in which the
mi.)tui<" evolution pursues it course,
iiliniit.  appearing    to   be   influenced
the slightest by moral, ethical or
Higious considerations.
Ubuut   two   thousand   years    ago,
(11\  jn C-alilee, a man came regard-
liv  some as more than man—Ood
Jpiself—-and preached peace on earth
d goodwill towards men: that men
juld   use   and   enjoy   the   earth   in
liiitiioii:   that  there  it one Uod   in
Uven,  nnd should  be one  brother-
i0d of men on earth.
IsiiH-c his day,    for  two   thousand-
nis,    u    thousand   crops of  saints
ve preached the same doctrines.   A
illion preachers in a million church-
und      chapels      are      preaching
.    .same     doctrines     today.      Yet
ii ,•   on   earth   and   goodwill    to-
,il  men  have  not  cornel     Church
igressos and peace conferences meet
,| prate about the horrors of war;
Ii,  while they are prating,  the na-
iiis Beize each other by the throat,
,1  before  the  prating   has   ceased
v   huve   once   more   let   forth   the
of thousands and have piled their
cpses in heaps, food for beasts und
| Cures.
Inisi has come; but whence comes
[rlstlanlty?      And    how  shall    it
ne?    And what will bring it?
>rta'inly not the preaching of mor-
L-thics,   or   religion.     This    has
BO  tried,   under   the   Christian  dis-
lisiition alone, for nearly two thou-
(I years.    And the peace and good-
II   are   not   evident.     Their   oppo-
wur und bloodshed,  nre as vile us ever, and the means for feed-
thein  have    been    increused    by
Icnce a thousandfold.    Not the man
o preaches tit j best sermon   gets
most   money,   but  the  man  who
duces   the   best  gun.     And    while
Ill's  and   potentates   listen   to    the
tmoii  ut.    their   peace    conferences,
i'S   are eager to compete with  each
•r to buy the lieM gun.    Showing
lurly that they  believ*  in the  pow-
«tf' the (run before the gospel.    And
.■re the old gun could  kill  its ten,
new    gun   can  kill  its  thousand;
(tl the bloodshed that  was done in
tiuinth,    when   Christ   walked    the
th,  is now done  in  a  day—nny, in
hour—so potent,   perfect,  nnd ef-
i I mil  has  man  become  in  the  busies of destruction.
'eace uml good will, then, have not
iwn with the preaching of thetlos-
|1; but war nnd thi? science of war,
vc grown in spite of the preaching
the Gospel,
,   then,   the cause  of  war  due    to
es which defy ethics nnd religion.
which, until they piny themselves
or  are  recognized  and  removed,
usl   continue  to   render   pence    ini-
issilile,   nnd  nil  preaching of  pence
vain?     We    Socialists    say    that
tins nre due to such economic forces
hich so long as thoy exist must con-
nne    to   make   men   fly   at     each
liter's  throats even  while  they have
gospel    of   peace    upon    their
pngueS:     What,   then,   is   this   war-
free   that    laughs    in    the   face   of
wire?    And the answer is: the capi-
tlist struggle for the world mnrket.
he capitalists will  listen to appeals
ir peace,  and applaud  the some  to
pe echo.   But let  the clouds appear,
bigger    than    a    man's    hand,
Jnught      with      fear      that      their
■onion        of      the        world-market
'ill     bo    contracted ,    or    fraught
ii'ii  hope  that  their portion  of the
I nine market may be expanded, and
lstantly the peace speeches are
iwn to the four winds and the
icaee orators are thrust aside, and
he particular ganb of capitalists,
iliich fears dunger to its market, Mr
ees hope of increasing it, is in arms,
par is declared, blood must flow. And
■ven while they listen to the peace
beeches they are careful not to ne-
[iect the securing of the best guns,
ho best ships, and the best men,
tnd to keep themselves in readiness
or instant war.
While they say we are brothers and
•eace i.s blessed, they continue to
'•'ar their armaments sky high one
'gainst another, which shows they
(now they must light, and will fight.
the fust instant that tneir portion of
he world-market is threatened, or
ihe first instant they can see a hope
>F extending it. Nor can the national gangs of capitalists help this, noils inhividunls doing that which the
hipitalist system compels them to do,
I'un wo blame them. It is no use
purling pulpit anathemas against the
f'ictinis so long as capitalism holds;
the forces of the same must operate,
nnd both capitalist and wage-slave
must reap the fruits, floods are
produced; goods must be sold; goods
must realize their profit.
R   there   is   no  market   the   goods
•annot  bo sold; and if the goods nre
Pot  sold   there   is   no   profit   to   be
If the goods are not sold they re
main a surplus in the warehouse.
Then no further goods cun be made.
Then work is stopped. The unemployed army i.s increased. On the
one hand a pyramid of unsold goods,
on the other hand an army of unemployed.
If no further markets be opened the
pile of dnsold goods must grow greater and greater, until the day comes
when there is no more work for the
wage-slave, and no more prolit for
the capitalist. This is the day of
capitalist bankruptcy, when every
cupitulist. finds himself a Socialist in
spite of himself. He i.s in favor of
pea.e now, us lie has always been.
Hut he is willing to keep the peuco
now, because there is no longer any
prolit in going to war. No more
markets! He has produced goods sky
high at one end of the economic scale
und bus completely emptied the pot-Mots of the people ut tho other.
How shull a class owning the
means of production, and producing
weulth by machinery, which machinery has displaced the hand labor of
tho people, continue to sell their products to the people, who have all
been thrown out of work by the
aforesaid machinery, and havo no
no longer any money to buy them?
This is the fearful Frankenstein that
looms before the capitalists, and
which 1 fancy the best minds among
them see equally with ourselves.
A gigantic army of unemployed on
the one hand; a gigantic surplus of
commodities on the other; a vast
volume of capital in the banks, with
no avenue of investment left for it,
Tho crash of banking; thi' bankruptcy
of capitalism.
This the event that awaits capitalist production, and to stave oil this
event its statesmen, generals and
OaptSllns of industry must move earth
and  heaven  for fresh  markets.
Never tiling about pence. Peace is
all very well as a sentiment. Certainly, blessed are the peacemakers,
but don't you let those blackguardly
Frenchmen, Germans, Rdssians, or
whoever they, may be, encroncn upon
our markets: and keep your eye on
the horizon for nny fresh territory
that may come, which may promise
fresh markets, and mind we are in
first To seize it. Peace! Oh, yes,
very fine! And verily it shall prevail. Hut not yet. When there nre
no more markets to be captured;
when there are no more profits to be
inude by our cupital nnd business ;
then we will hand them over to the
commonwealth, nnd wealth shall be
produced for use and not for prolit,
und you shull find us os good Socialists ns any. This is the day that
Marx foretells in that majestic paragraph of "Capital":
"Centralisation of the means nf
production, and socialization af labor at last reach a point where they
become, incompatible with capitalist
integument. The intebument is burst
asunder. The knell of private capitalist property sounds. The expropriators are expropriated."—"Capital," vol I., page -187.
And the best watchmen on the
watch tower of capitalist society nre
now declaring thnt the point which
Marx foretold is not far off. Few-
men can claim to have studied society with greater zeal and ability than the late Kmile Zolu. A
few years before his sad death in
lttUl he delivered in New York his
great speech, "The wonderful doctrine of sulvation." In this speech
we have something like a prophecy
from the groat novelist in these
i'r*i believe In less than ten years
we will see great events occur in the
social fabric, almost simultaneously
on all points. I believe io twenty
years, though it were idle to expect
the realisation of all we want, profound political, economical, and purely social modifications will havo bettered the world considerably, brought
u greater sum of happiness, made the
g'ood things of life more evenly,
therefore more equitably,  divided."
And let. the tretnenduous economics
in production, and the tremenduous
growth nf the unemployed arising
therefrom, and the tremenduous glut
of commodities that cannot be dumped, and capital which cannot be invested, tell tho rest.—John Tumlyn,
in London Justice.
It remained for the Nebraska state
legislature to enact unique eight-hour
legislation. Now, do not think that
this applies to wuge earners—not at
all. The Nebraska salons hud the
eight-hourj Idea, but they wanted to
try it on a representative of the Dur-
winiuu theorj before applying it to
the completed species represented by
thut theory, A correspondent in
Lincoln writes as follows: "In, regard
to the International Typographical
Union working eight hours, what do
you think of this? A bill was passed
prohibiting monkeys from being
worked more than eight hours a day.
A case in point: During the late fair
—which is held ,n Lincoln—a couple
of organ grinders worked these little
animals twelve or fourteen hours a
day. The uutcome wus a little legislation. It has come to a pretty pass
when hiimun beings are put lower
thun the monkej I" And the Lincoln
Wageworker says:
The legislature of I90fj has made
a record for the enactment of laboi'
legislation, and that, record will go
thundering down the ages and be
preserved In the archives of lubor as
long as time shnll lasl. And when
the heavens shall be rolled together
as u parchment scroll; when Gabriel
leaving his post of duty by the side
of the great while throne, sljall stand
forth with one foot upon the mighty
land and the other upon the bottomless sea, proclaiming in thunder tones
through his golden trumpet that
time shall be no more, tho record of
the Nebraska legislature upon the labor question will rise up like a resurrected soul and be tho wonder and
the admiration of the heavenly hosts
throughout all eternity. The Nebraska legislature of 1908 enacted into
law nn eight-hour day for monkeys.
Hereafter it will be unlawful for a
monkey to work more than eight
hours a clay in Nebraska. Men. women and children may be forced to
toil from sun to sun, but the monkey is given the eight-hour day from
now, on. Glorious news, Carry it
around the world and emblazon it
upon the banners that are flung upon
the outer wnll—Nebraska's legislature thinks more of monkeys than it
does of human beings. Tint perhaps
that is natural, ft is said that "a
little fellow feeling makes us wondrous kind." We no longer 'doubt it,
for the lawmakers Of Nebraska have
given ocular proof of the truth of the
saying. What else but a "fellow
feeling" could have induced n legislature that haughtily turned down
every request of human workingmen
to give the monkeys nn eight-hour
day? The monkeys have no reason
to complain. They were effectively
and thoroughly represented in the
Nebraska legislature. Blood is thicker thnn water,—Typo Journal,
We venture the assertion that not
u member ol that legislature is a
wage worker, or has any conception
or idea of the needs nnd requirements
of the working class, beyond the fact
thnt they want jobs. This legislature wns elected by workers' votes,
and Inasmuch as the men elected b.v
those votes were not of Ihe working
class, nor represented the interests of
that class. It proves that the workers who elected them were veritable
monkeys themselves, and its chief
function being to monkey with lubor
it   is  appropriately  dubbed  a  "mon
key legislature."   Its monkey business
is  shown (to  be  of  a  high  standard
of excellence, and the feeling of mon-
keyanity   strongly   predominant,   by
the fact of its affording relief by  an
eight-hour  law  to   the  most   helpless,
'  1 .
and  not   the  least   deserving   part   of
the monkey tribe. The poor, dowu-
trodden, orgnn-brinding monkey had
no franchise or other rights of citizenship with which to protect himself. We are glad the legislature
came to his relief..
In pbokiUgen, the organ of the Japanese Socialists, published in Tokjo
Japan, under the above caption we
find the following in tho issue of
April 2H, 11)0."). In what essential particular does tho condition af the Japanese women are here portrayed,
differ from that of the women of
other capitalist countries?
"Japanese women, in a word, are
utterly subjected to men. Girls ure
possessed by their fathers as if they
were privute property, and are com-
pulsorily married to men who are
wilfully chosen b.v the fathers with
out almost, any regard to the girl's
own consent. After the marriage the
wives are possessed by their husbands us the objects of pleasure, as
the instruments uf breeding children
und us the convenient servants for
the household.
"In lower classes tne wives are liter-}
ally the slaves of men. Some are
beaten and kicked by the drunkard
husbands. Some are forsaken with
their numerous children. Some are
drudged all the time ns if bound
with chains. And the girls who are
fortunately or unfortunately pretty
are all compelled to become prostitutes, of which Japan is so famous
throughout the world. There are also many hundreds of thousands of
factory girls, a great many of whom
are sinking to early  graves.
It is true that woman education
in this country made great pregress.
Rut it is only from the necessity for
the women to get a living in competition with men. So there, arose
recently a great many professional
women, most of theme" unmarried.
They are nurses, teachers, telephone
girls, petty clerks, etc. And they arij
the only women in this country who
are beginning to awake to consciousness of their commercial  situations."
Out of the six million school children in the United Staft's in Cities of
over 8,(>t)0 population, only about
four million are enrolled in the public or private schools, and of these
one million nre most of the time absent on account of poverty. And
some one has figured out thnt the
labor of one hundred men in one
hundred days, under proper scientific
conditions, is equivalent to the production of enough food to supply
ten thousand men for one year. Hut
we are assured b.v most of the professors and ' proacnors that this system is nil right, and Socialism would
destroy religion and the home, and
plunge the world once more into barbarism. Surely, being wise men,
they ought   to know.     Down  witn the
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
ir. conventi in a ;embled, affirm ou'
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog.an-, of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should °uctly belong.. To tne
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ecvint mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in s
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalist to hold
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all workers
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
i. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, <t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
ai possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance the interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
struggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to conduct all tl e public affairs placed in
its hands In such a manner as to promote the. interests of the working class
alone.       «
Gompers declares most vigorously
that "organized labor is not a (lest ructiive force. It. proposed to con-
to explain clearly just how "better
and at the same time better homes
and higher and happier lives for the
If this modern conjurer would deign
to explain clearly just how "better
results for employers," und "belter
homes," otic.', for the workers run nt
the same time be conjured forth from
the present system of property, both
employer and employee could well afford to give him hearty support. In
fact they could not afford to do otherwise.
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
Ivocnl Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the clnss struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for political spremacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government ami which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political j arty, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and nil other legitimate means Ihe ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Age         Citizen	
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prestrmptlous working plug that dares
to ((uestion their knowledge.
"Oh, papn!" said a little frog' to
his sire, who sat. beside him ftt the
bunks of the pool, "I have seen such
a monster! It was as big as a house
and had hoofs, horns, and a long
tail." "Tut, tut, son—tut! That
was only Farmer Green's heifer. It
isn't, so large, either. It may be just
a trifle taller than I, but.I can easily make myself quite as broad;" and
with that he commenced to blow
himself out, and blow himself out.
"Was it as big us that'?" asked he.
"Oh, much bigger," said the young
frog. "But have a care, pa; for if
you blow yourself like that you may
go broke." For the young frog was
in fear that the blow would almost
kill father. But ,.6atn cne old one
litcw himself out nnd enquired if the
heifer was thnt large. "Larger, papn; larger," wns the -answer. So the
frog took a deep breath until he had
inflated himself to the buoyant ron-
sistency of n toy balloon, and the
next momenf. soared of on a prevailing zephyr to an,adjacent swamp.
while the young frog fell a victim to
a pot-hunter's net the next  morning
Moral—Judicious blowing accasion-
nlly  lands one all  right.
And every time we rend Sam Oom-
pers' American Federationist, it
brings this fable to mind. Ham's
blowing tuny, or may not, be judicious, but it is certainly violent
enough to land most anything.
Mrs. Clara he Clare, proud mistress
of a grand colonial home, sat in her
inner chamber, her cryes red with
weeping and a great sorrow gnawing
at her heart like a chipmunk at a
shellbark   hickory  nut.
Bide blood ran in her veins whenever it wns needing exercise. At other times it sauntered along, soldiering painfully on the job.
She was of a proud race. The family hadn't stolen anything for three
generations,   for   the  founder  of    the
line had gathered in three townships,
by questionable means, and his descendants did not have to go about
picking up hot stoves in order to
But for all she was not happy. Not
that any of the women in her set had
homelier and more expensive hats
than she had. It was no trifle like
that that stirred her bosom to its
depths and made the Missouri river
freshet come unbidden from her eyes.
Her only son, heir to the estate,
on whom she had buildeh so much,
had disgraced the family, and she
felt she could never look the world
in the face again. He had gone to
work.—Duncan M.   Smith.
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whelms one with a mass of misinformation illogically arranged.
The St. James Gazette of London,
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ifa '
May 13
Sf?, K
' r '-IS
In spite at the bcuthing exposures
of the emigration fraud which have
been made by Justice and the Social-
iieniocrats genuiull}, it is at present
aa active as ev«r; and the agents ul
that niscbevous lcumj are Just now,
unlortunuiciy, doing a "roaring
trade." The Dumber ol our fellow
workers who are being transported
this season from this country—from
Scotland, ut an> rate—to Canada,
bids tair to exceed even thut of last
yeur. Already several vessels uf the
Allan Line have loft the Clyde with
lull complements of passengers, oi
whom nearly ull were emigrants,
mostly from the various districts of Scotland, und an official ol
that shipping company tells me that
nearly every mailable berth m the
ships on their Canadian service from
the Clyhe is "booked up" for months
Those workers ure being lured to
the Cuiiudian backwoods, tnc-re to be
plundered and exploited by iankee
larmers and Yankee capitalists with
even greater intensity than they are
here ut home, by misleading and ly-
ing advertisements'. One cannot hit
u newspaper   without  seeing  three or
four oi these pernicious aus. conspicuously placed. And, in addition lo
this, Jubor-truuspoi tulion agents
huve been stumping the country
throughout Ihe winter, one at least
going   the   length   uf   illustrating   his
harangues mm verj flattering limelight views of thut land of promise
—uud disappointment. That gentleman's pictures are, no doubt, very
pretty und attractive lo look at; rural scenes always arc, whether they
be of Canada or anywhere else, as
a picture or the original. Hut—well
there is also that terrible picture of
"The Man with the Hoc,'' and the
general conditions of his Canadian
prototype are every whit as bad, ia
some ways even worse, than they are
in Western Europe. Of coarse, emigration agents tuke precious good
care not to throw the picture of
"The Man with the Hoe' on the
screen, not as being applicable to
Canada, anyway; but lie is there all
tbe some.
As to what the wages and general
conditions of life ure for those who
allow themselves to be transported
to the uaci> woods of Canada, u few
cases in point will demonstrate more
effectively man if 1 were to write
several co;u...„.. „,- generalizations.
I have a few friends out. tntn-o .cb«
keep rue well informed, so here goes
for their experiences us briefly as
possible. One is employed at lumbering and sawmill work iu Ontario;
wages $X,7fi per day, cost pf living
considerably higher than at home.
The work is very hard and heavy,
and is curried on iviih the utmost
intensity, or, in his own words,
"hustle is the ofder of the day."
When the winter .sets in ami the frost
prevents sawmill working, then flic
men have to go into camp in the
heart ol the forest, a. distance of
anything from 80 to 50 miles from
the mills, and are there engaged at.
lumbering until the frosts breaks up
in the spring. And if at any time
during tne long, winter months, my
friend informs me, be wishes to see
his wife und little ones he has got
to tramp all the distance, exposed
to all the dangers of a Canadian
Another, a joiner by trade, is making his fortune—no, the fortune of
his masters—in the Northwest Territories of Canada. He informs me
that the wages for his trade in that
district is $2 per dny; but there is
very little demand for joiners, gnd
none at all during the winter, as Uie
wood will not work owing to the
frost, The greater part of this cluss
of wai'k is done by handy.men, who
work :or a lowKr wage than skilled
joiners. There, also, the cost of living is much higher than at homo,
and many of the things are of u very
wretched quality; the shanties in
which they live being little better
than pig-styes Then as to the
length of the working day, it appears
to be pretty nearly from dawn to
dusk' at any rate my friend says,
"it is a case of work, eat and sleeu,
all the time." "In fact, " he says,
"I can scarcely get time to write a
letter." Last winter, when he could
no longer work at. his trade he
got a job "clearing bush" by the
"piece," and he says it took him ull
his time lo make as much as would
keep him in faod.
Still another. An ambitious and
sanguine youth this. When he set
out for Western Canada he had beautiful visions and great expectations
of rapidly becoming a prosperous
farmer. In fact, so cock-sure wns he
that his dreams would be almost immediately realized that he married
Just before he sailed, in order to have
a blushing bride to preside over his
lovely homestead, lie put it in much
more prosaic language than that,
though. To cut a long story short,
however, he bought one af those
"sections" of land which are so
much boomed' by the labor transporters in this country, and immediately made trucks for his "farm^" to
nee about getting the plough started.
Hut, alas for sasgufoc youth! When
he arrived ot that "section" he discovered thnt it would require several
hundreds of pounds expended on
"clearing" It before n plough could'
be so much ns thought, of; and as
his money was nil gone by this time,
he fled from his "farm" tyi disgust,
subsequently finding employment ns
a navvy nf fl.fiO per day on a new
railway that was being built in that
vicinity. His wife presides over—
not u lovely homestead standing
amidst fields of waving golden grain
and peaceful browsing kme, but a
ticket ry wooden shanty in the heart
iii a dreary wilderness. As to the
"set ion,' it is no doubt waiting until such time as a capitalist farmer
jeomes aluiig and employs my friend
and others of his class to clear it
and conjure a fortune out of its stubborn soil for the capitalist to enjoy.
Those three friends of mine are just
the sort of men that the Canadian
government says they want; men who
arc willing to do anything and not
afraid of hard work—al lirst. This
sort of men, they say, will rapidly
make their way, if not to fortune,
to at least comfort and security for
the fin ure. An ouilce of fact is said
to be worlh a ton of theory, and so
ii then- is any truth in the maxim,
it clearly shows how little truth
there is in the statements of the Canadian government and the labor
transporters, for there are a good
muni ounces of fact contained in the
experiences of my above-mentioned
friends. Moreover, theirs are no exceptional cases; they are the general
rule. The exceptions are those.'cases
which the fraudulent labor transporters use ns illustrations in then mischievous pamphlets and harangues;
and, us I have already said, this
method of labor transportation is
going on very actively just now, our
speakers should give some consideration io the matter now that the
open-air propaganda is commencing
for the season, in order that something muy be done to check this ban-
ishiuent of the very best of our fellow workers to the buck woods of the
fee-bound Northwest Territories,
where they are more at the mercy
of capitalist aggression than they arci
here at home, from the mere fact
that they are completely isolated
from all association with their fellow workfera elsewhere.—J. B. McNab
in Justice.
are held every Sunday Evening at 8 o'clock
Headquarters:  313 Cambie Street, Room 1
tbjrf v.-i c .1 be instantly dismissed,
and as the thieving scoundrels who
run these slave dens work in concert
there would be no possible chance of
obtaining  work  elsewhere.
Pettifogging,   Paltering  Government.
The Condition of the worker Is daily  getting   worse,   and   as   winter ap
proaches it will be worse still.   Ther
do the work more cheaply than human labor. Whether they will organize under the banners of "pure and
simple" or "industrial unionism,"
hus not yet  been determined.
For the benefit, of those who are
under the impression that conditions
for the workers are better in Australia than elsewhere, we clip the following from the Sydney Worker of
March 18.
o»..ttci,.H in  ihe Holy City.
The    persistent   reiteration   ol   the
A German physician has devised a
simple apparatus for the cure of snoring, which holds up the lower jaw
is no apparent break in the clouds. I and prevents it from dropping dur-
A palleting, pettifogging, place-hunt-ling sleep The anorer stops snoring
ing government hus run the country j us soon as the mouth is closed, lt
into such u condition thnt anything . is oqually adapted to be worn in
like adequate provision for lubor Is] bed or In church,
impossible, while the lack of industrial legislation has placed the workers si; completely at the mercy of the
worst class of employers that their
condition can only be regarded as
thut of slaves, with the difference
that chattel slaves are curc^l for by
their owners from selfish motives,
while the industrial slaves of today
havo to scratch for themselves as
best they can. The- result is unemployed in every direction, half.fed
children and hungry men in a country whose possibilities for wealth
production are almost unlimited if
only the shackles of capitalism und
coin] etitive commerce were removed,
and #a practical system of socialism
substituted. One of'the sights to be j
seen in the city today is tnat of poor |
old women searching around schools
.and offices for the crusts und scraps
of lunch thrown out by the children
or clerks. Is it surprising that there
is a general feeling in favor of the
Labor Party in connection with the
coining elections?
it is estimated that the 724 chari-
- .... ,,... ........ ....       ...... ,*. ..,,,       v,,        HM -~ —  -—	
boodlers'  assertion  that  there   is   no   table institution!-, in und around Con
4n Opportune
rime for
Orop in aud see our splendid assortment
if   reading   nutter.   Trv    our     book
exchange.   Return two old books and
. r-Mve one new one.
18 aid 14 Arcade.      326 Abbott Street
Mail, orders promptly attended to
sweating in Adelaide has led to the
making of some private inquiries by
members of the Labor Party and
others interested in the welfare of
i hn worker and the moral as well as
physical health, of the community.
Of ihe result, of these inquiries two
samples will, perhaps, be sufficient,
us they are fairly representative of
the condition of things among the
women "home-workers," or sweaters'
slaves in the clothing trade. One
woman was visited ut her home. She
was employed in making moleskin
trousers for Asiatic middlemen. It
was found thut she wus not ostensibly paid by the dozen, but by the
week, so that, her aggregate week's
earnings Tight come within the stipulated minimum of Is. under the
factories act. As a matter of fact
she was getting lis. per week. What
she wns earning may be gathered
from the fact that she hud for this
<>s. to make' 140 pairs of trousers.
This pans'out at just a fraction over
Sixpence per dozen for moleskin trousers. The woman stated that she-
was only required lo work 48 hours
per week, so that her drivers could
keep clear of thi? law, but during the
eight hours' work she was never able
to leave her machine. Other women
worked in the same room, and an
attendant was present all the time
to see that the inacllines never stopped, and that as ojnc pair of trousers
wus finished another followed without a moment's break. These goods
were partly to supply the Syrian
hawkers who travel in the country
districts, but they are largely supplied to some of the big clothing
(inns, who, while" maintaining an appearance of fair treatment to lubor,
are in this damnable way cutting
trade and sweating the unfortunate
women  workers.
Another Song of the Shirt.
The other typical case is that of
another woman who works for Asiatic hawkers (or their city boss).
This woman is a widow, her husband
having died seven months ugo, Shu
pays. 4s. 'id. a week for the use of
two small rooms in a slum street,
and she makes pinafores and aprons
for the sweaters at one penny per
dozen. She hus lo maintain a family
of four or five children, only one of
whom is earning wages. This child
gets (Is. a week, while another little
creature curries a smnll basket of
pins and bootlaces and other trifles,
by the sale of which she tries to add
'o the small store. This child or
being questioned as to bow they lived
suid her mother had to work from
early morning to late at night every
day, and then they could hardly get
money enough to buy food und pay
the rent. Ve' Adelaide is a holy
city and there is no sweating, and
an Arbitration Court and wages
boards would be a shameful interference with trade, nnd the Socialists
are  dangerous  firebrands!
Factory Inspection Farce.
In many of the factories, especially
the outside ones, things are no better. We have factory inspectors, but
the employer always seems to know
when they nre to pay a visit to his
establishment, and the sweated workers nre cautioned that they must, tell
ihe inspector that they are getting
more than the mimimum wage, and
they are quite satisfied. Workplaces
ure cleared up, the workers are separated, and the underpaid girls and
boys who might give the show away
nre either sent home or I hey are
planted in somo other part of the
premises when the inspector i.s com-
1 Ing, so that everything may appear
lovely, Thfl sweated women declare
•hut they dare not tell the truth, or
don last, year received £7,000,000
from the benevolent' public. The
charity business seems to be in quite
a prosperons condition. It is but
reasonable to suppose thnt m6re than
one person connected with the business got tolerably fair "pickjns" out
of those millions of pounds. We
suggest thnt Lawson look into the
matter after he gets through with
the ''Standard" and the insurance
s  O	
A movement is on foot to import
monkeys into California to pick
prunes, as it is figured thut if well-
muzzled   and   looked   after   they   can
The comparative usefulness of the
clergy in the world's work was nicely Illustrated in the opening of the
Simplon tunnel. After the engineers
had planned, and the workmen hud
executed, the great project, it fat
Swiss bishop blessed the hole, thus
making it safe and fit for human use.
Another time-honored custom has
received its death blow, A Tacoma
man has invented an umbrella** so
constructed that upon removing a
member from the umbrella stick, the
umbrella will be rendered useless to
anyone except the rightful owner,
who hus u means for restoring the
irticle to its  useful condition.
It is related of a somewhat absent-
minded professor that while walking
along the street and at the same
time engaged in solving some abstract problem, he walked for quite
a distance with one foot on the sidewalk and the other in the gutter.
He was mot by a pupil who saluted
him with "Good morning, professor.
How are you?" "I was very well,
1 thought," answered the professor,
"but. now I don't know what is the
matter with me. For the last ten
minutes I've been limping."
One morning Adam walked abroad
Ills soul was filled with joy and laud.
Ry chance he wandered near the tree
Whence Eve had clothed her nudity.
And as he passed there fell a leaf
Right at his feet—his first real grief!
He picked it up—do thought of ill—
And found  It  was  the tailor bill!
lt is a rash person who is willing
to paint the details of the civilisation
of tomorrow. The shallow person
who has no better idea of a sane
world than the present industrial and
social anarchy is always expecting
a blue-print diagram of the co-operative commonwealth with every man's
specific part marked in it in red ink,
lie would like to have us tell him
what the world will eat for breakfast under collectivism, and which
foot the governing board will make
him put out of lied in the morning.
Until he knows this he would rather
copy way-bills in a railroad office for
fifteen dollars a week thun take any
This type of individual may be called the idiot brother of tyranny. You
might us well talk to a monkey about
differential calculus. Vou must want
something better before you can be
interested in striving for something better. When at the age
of thirty-five or forty, this way-bill ;
copying individual is kicked out and
goes whining around for a job, he
listens to ideals of a better system
with some interest. Perhaps he may
even come to help a little then; but
most of his fighting force is gone.
A man content with a mess of pottage for ten years or more is seldom   really   resurrected.
It is Jie young we must reach out
for, and influence. It is the young
who have energy, and enthusiasm,
and imagination. Unless you have
imagination you are hopeless. Unless
one's mind's eye can picture a nobler
civilization than the present, with
what   enthusiasm  can  he  work?
.\119ther question always on the
lips of the intellectually dead is why
our platforms should voice things
apparently so remote, when there are
numerous things close uc hand we
might lie aiming at. "What are you
going to do when you get in?" he
likes to ask. "You cannot introduce a bill initiating the co-operative
common wealth.''
Oh, yes, we could; but we would
not be so absurd.
Socialists are elected one at a time;
the wedge goes in slowly. Loch one
in his locality has to meet different
problems. Well, he meets them, as
best he can. He hns no volumnous
instructions, and his constituents do
not expect him to achieve the impost hie.
He is simply directed by one all-directing principle. It is that every
measure, whether introduced by him
or anybody else, having for its object
the relief or upbuilding of the producing classes, will have his continuous and hearty support; while every
measure intended to further enslave
or exploit the working class will
meet with his strenuous and unceasing opposition. This is brief; it is
comprehensive; it is a .sufficient answer to those whose interest is of
that vague and idle sort which has
no blood nor bowels in it.
If you would know what we are to
do tomorrow—nnd you are willing
to be a mere passive spectator of life
—then wait until tomorrow, and see.
-Franklin H. Wentworth in The
Burns & Co.!
Second Hand Dealers,
Largest and cheapest stock J
Cook Stoves in the City.     *
Boom  Chains,    Augers,
gcrs'  Jacks,  Etc.
We have moved into our ,„.„. I
and  commodious  premises -
138 Cordova St., East
'Pkaae 1579       Vaicouvtr, b. {,
Of hard-earned coin a fellow no»»
pletes his little hoard
To get the seed to raise some "n|
to grace his humble board;
O'er many a glowing catalogue m
care he pores and looks,
Rejoicing  In   the   things  that bltu
in ell the seedmen's books.
He sees a  wood-cut  of  a  b(-ot \\
dwarfs a full-grown pig,
While on   the   next   page   loom,
squash some twenty times as 1
At least they such proportions y
in his astonished eyes.
But  when   they're grown, alas: y
finds they're but the usual sia.
He sees some cuts of peas and ben
some pages on displayed
That throw  the beanstalk raised h
Jack completely in the shade
But when he harvests later on thsj
monstrous beans and jx?as
He finds that quite a little lad a
lift a pod with ease.
And so it goes with everything; fl
while his crops are good,
They do not make the neighbors itj
as he supposed tbey would;
And he at length this lesson leug
and  learns it well,  gadzooks'-
One  must  not  hope  to    raise <«
stuff as grows fn seedmen's bol
EASTER        f
Corner Granville and
'•      Pender Streets
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
And  now  Montana  has  opened I
fire   of   its   batteries   upon   the
"Reef Trust."     It   hns  been charge
with  "willful,  unlawful  and feloM
combination    and    fixing  of  ;      |
The packers seem to have no Inn
left,   but   even   this  does  not  api«
to  unfavorably  affeci   the  prite
meat.     It   is still  low enough opI
hoof  and high  enough  on   tic bty
to enable  them  to continue  |., .:.•■!
Just at present the working people
of Chicago are very much worked up
over the fact that the State militia
and the United States troops are
likely to be used by the employers
to assist in breaking the teamsters'
strike and incidently deal a knock-out
blow to unionism in Chicago.
If union men will look a little
deeper into the conditions and causes
which work most effectively against
them they will find that the standing
army which they have most to fear
is the ever increasing army of the
unemployed, it is this great army
of unemployed which is the result of
the competitive system, that makes
it almost impossible to win a strike.
It is estimated by the ablest statisticians that there are in these United
States at all times more than 1,500,-
000 able-bodied men walking the
streets of the various cities and
towns looking, for work. The city
police force, the State militia, the
United Slates regulars ull combined
are not. one-tenth so useful to the exploiters of labor in breaking a strike
as are tho hunger-driven job seekers,
who are always ready irt all indus-
liinl centres to take the jobs left by
the strikers, lf the Employers' Aa-
sociation were to succeed in establishing this country on a military
basis with this 1,500,000 mem, dressed in the United States uniform,
every one armed with a rifle and well
drilled, and officered by men willing
to obey the dictates of mayors, governors and president, controlled by
the capitalists, they would not constitute so menacing a force to organized labor ns they do as the standing army of unemployed at the present  moment.
The policeman the militiaman or
the United States regular seldom
perform nny labor that would break
tt strike. Thoy nre well fed, well
clothed and in every way provided
for, and have no individual motive
or interest in the employers defeating  the  workers. I
Now, Mr. Workingman. do you ever
consider the effect of the existence
of  this army  of    hungry,    despeiat"
men, driven almost insane from enforced idleness, always ready, ever
anxious for an opportunity to earn
a living and  being unable to do   so?
Can you not see that so long as this
standing army of half-starved men
are impelled by want und fear to
rush in and take your places whenever you make an organized attempt
to better your living conditions, that
this is by all means the most effective weapon in the hands ofyour opponents in defeating you? Do you
not see that it is out of this standing army of unemployed that the employers secure the assistance not only to break strikes but to keep wages
nt the b»vest living point at all
[Alder Socialism both of these
great capitalist institutions, the
United States standing army and
the standing army of the unemployed
will  naturally  pass out of existence.
Production for use instead of for
prolit, alone can abolish the army of
the unemployed, which the competitive system always keeps on a war
We hope that the labor leaders and
union officials, while giving so much
attention to the "boys in blue," will
not forget the 1,500,000 army known
as the army of the unemployed, stationed in every industrial centre in
the country, nnd kept under the
strictest discipline by the despotic
power of want.
It is this army that springs to the
assistance of the capitalists at a
moment's notice, without waitingJor
orders from any city, state or federal authority whenever and wherever
the workers are engaged in a conflict
to v improve their conditions or to
struggle against sinking lower in the
social scale. Socialism is the only
remedy.—Chicago   Socialist.
Andrew Carnegie's favorite niece
has been secretly married to a poor
riding master named Heaver. That
is, he is a poor man, and not necessarily a poor riding master. Carnegie expresses himself as greatly
pleased over the affair, and dec lures,
"we want no rich men in the family." Andy evidently knows too much
about that particular species of biped.
■o ■
J. A. M(-Bride, a striking machinist, of Chicago, was recently sentenced to twenty days in Jail for contempt of court. We dare not express the contempt we have for all
courts, lest we get a sentence of a
million and a half af years, and not
only we dare not, but we could not.
It is reported that tape worms are
being used in Vera Cruz as a successful cure for consumption. Owners of
tape worms should hold on to them
for a time, as a sharp advance in
prices may be looked for if the report prove true.
The Illinois Senate has passed a
House bill on divorce, which forbids
remarriage by either party within a
year. Who says there are no statesmen  left?
Three is company and two a crowd
when one of the three Is your hungry
creditor awaiting the other fellow's
departure so that he can press his
Negligee Shii
Net Tee Cirly to Leek
Exclusive patterns  are now
some of the choice ones will be
early,   and  some   of   the   designs I
cannot duplicate.     If you  apprerii
unusual styles it will lntwwi run it
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
The Saartett Soil Hat ot tbe Sciim |
These Hats have  been enthusiei
cally     received  by  young  men fros
the very first day  we brought
out.     Neither   trouble   nor    ex|«
has been saved in  the production j
these goods,   as you   will  cheer*'
acknowledge  upon  examination.
111 Cereeva Street
Cash Grocery Storf-j
We also carry a full line of Fu
ture,  on easy  payments,    at   pt*
that  cannot  be  duplicated.    Kind!
inspect our stock.
Cor WettMiaiter Ave and Harris StitfJ
Workingmen Are Always Welcome 4|
New Fountain Hotel
C. SCHWA UN. Proprietor
Meals 25 cents and up.
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Rooms fl.60 per week and up
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver,
Consult our Department
Managers for Clectricty for
Power and Light Purposes
B. C. Electric Railway fo^JS^iT**
The secretary of the San Francisco
Citizen's Alliance says: "The closed
shop and the principle it represents
not only destroys civil liberty, but
the fabric of human society and the
brotherhood of man." We had no
idea it was really so serious a matter  as  that.


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